UWE Cook Book
Written by the chefs at UWE, tasted by the students
UWE
COOK
BOOK
Foreword
The health and wellbeing of our students is a high priority for
UWE.
UWE’s Catering team as part of UWE’s Healthy University
Group have developed this UWE Cookbook which is easily
available to all students. This resource aims to enhance their
knowledge, expertise and practical skills to cook and eat
healthily.
These recipes have been carefully selected to appeal to a wide
range of audiences and we hope you will enjoy creating them.
Go cook!
The UWE cookbook is much more than just a cookbook. It
provides simple, economical recipes and informative facts to
match.
A perfect demonstration that healthy student cooking doesn’t
have to be boring but is designed to excite and inspire you to
explore your taste buds.
UWE Students Union believe a healthy student is a happy
student, and put a firm focus on the importance of good
nutrition and a balanced diet.
It contains uncomplicated, accessible recipes which are
satisfying and pleasing to the palate.
This set of recipes is a wonderful reflection of the vibrant and
diverse culture within the UWE community.
Grab some ingredients, a few friends & get cooking, It’s easier
than you think!
Steve West
Roisin Greenup
UWE Vice Chancellor
Vice President Sports & Health
i
Chapter 1
Starters
A selection of dishes chosen from
our cooking demos over the past
year (and some that didn’t make it).
From soups to small plates all ideal
for starters, lighter suppers or
quick lunches.
Section 1
Cullen Skink
A tasty warming soup originating from Cullen a small coastal town in the North of Scotland, with a unique smoked taste.
Ingredients
2 pounds Smoked Haddock Fillets, undyed
2 ½ cups Milk
2 large Baking Potatoes, peeled and diced
1 large Onion, finely chopped
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
Ground Black Pepper to taste
2 tbsp chopped Fresh Parsley for garnish
Yield: 6 portions
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 20 mins
Skill Level: Easy
3
1. In a saucepan over medium heat, combine the haddock
and milk. Simmer for about 15 minutes, or until the fish
flakes easily with a fork. When the fish is done, remove
it with a slotted spoon and set aside in a bowl.
2. Add the potatoes and onion to the milk, and simmer until tender, about 10 minutes.
3. Transfer the contents of the pan to a blender, in
batches if needed, and blend until smooth and creamy.
4.Return to the pan and flake the fish into the soup. Heat
through gently, do not boil.
5. Serve immediately. Season with pepper and garnish
with parsley to individual tastes.
Wiki Fact
Traditional Grimsby smoked fish (mainly haddock, but
sometimes cod) is produced in the traditional smokehouses in Grimsby, which are mostly family-run businesses that have developed their skills over many generations. Grimsby fish market sources its haddock from the
North East Atlantic, principally Iceland, Norway and the
Faroe Islands. These fishing grounds are sustainably managed and have not seen the large scale depreciation in fish
stocks seen in EU waters.
One popular form of haddock is Finnan haddie which
takes its name from the fishing village of Finnan or Findon in Scotland, where it was originally cold-smoked over
peat. Finnan haddie is often served poached in milk for
breakfast.
The town of Arbroath on the east coast of Scotland produces the Arbroath smokie. This is a hot-smoked haddock which requires no further cooking before eating.
Smoked haddock naturally has an off-white colour; it is
very often dyed yellow, as are other smoked fish. Smoked
haddock is the essential ingredient in the Anglo-Indian
dish kedgeree, and also in the Scottish dish "Cullen
Skink" (a 'chowder' like soup).
4
Section 2
Curried Pumpkin Soup
No Halloween is complete without a pumpkin! It’s just delicious in this warming, gently spiced soup.
Ingredients
2 tbsp Olive Oil
2 Onions, peeled and sliced
1 x 2 kg Whole Pumpkin, peeled, deseeded
and cut into small wedges (about 1.8kg
peeled weight)
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
3 Garlic Cloves, crushed
1 tbsp Mild Curry Powder
1.25 li Vegetable Stock
1 tbsp Light Soft Brown Sugar
1 tbsp Pumpkin Seeds, to serve
Yield: 8 portions
4 tsp Crème Fraiche, to serve
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 50 mins
Skill Level: Easy
5
1. Heat the oil in a large pan over a medium heat. Add the
onions and cook until soft. Add the pumpkin and garlic.
Reduce the heat and cook, covered, for 10-12 minutes.
2. Stir in the curry powder, half of the stock and the sugar.
Cook for a further 35-40 minutes.
3. Add the remaining stock and bring to a simmer. Take
off the heat and use a blender (hand-held or freestanding) to blend until smooth.
4.Ladle into mugs and sprinkle over the pumpkin seeds
or swirl over the cream to serve.
To create the web design, spoon crème fraîche into a piping bag fitted with a small nozzle. Pipe four spirals evenly
spaced. Pull the tip of a knife from the center of the spiral to outer edge to form a web shape.
Cook's tip: To freeze, let cool completely then transfer to
a lidded, freezer-proof container. Freezes well for up to 3
months.
Wiki Fact
When ripe, the pumpkin can be boiled, baked, steamed
or roasted. In its native North America, it is a very important, traditional part of the autumn har vest, eaten
mashed and making its way into soups and purees. Often,
it is made into pie, various kinds of which are a traditional staple of the Canadian and American Thanksgiving
holidays. In Canada, Mexico, the United States, Europe
and China the seeds are often roasted and eaten as a
snack.
In the Middle East, pumpkin is used for sweet dishes; a
well-known sweet delicacy is called Halawa Yaqtin. In
South Asian countries such as India, pumpkin is cooked
with butter, sugar, and spices in a dish called Kadu Ka
Halwa. Pumpkin is used to make Sambar in Udupi (Indian) cuisine. In Guangxi province, China, the leaves of
the pumpkin plant are consumed as a cooked vegetable or
in soups. In Australia and New Zealand, pumpkin is often
roasted in conjunction with other vegetables. In Japan,
small pumpkins are served in savory dishes, including tempura. In Myanmar (Burma), pumpkins are used in both
cooking and desserts (candied). The seeds are a popular
sunflower seed substitute.
6
Section 3
Carrot and Coriander Soup
Fulfilling and cost effective soup with loads of flavour.
Ingredients
225 g Red Lentils
1 Bay Leaf
300 ml Water
250 g Carrots, sliced
150 ml Orange Juice
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
450 ml Vegetable Stock
2 tbsp chopped Fresh Coriander
Freshly Ground Black Pepper
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 30 mins
Skill Level: Easy
7
1. Place the lentils in a saucepan with the bay leaf & the
water & bring to the boil.
2. Reduce the heat, cover & simmer for about 20 minutes
until the lentils have softened.
3. Cook the carrots in the orange juice & stock until tender. Drain the lentils if necessary & discard the bay leaf.
4.Place the lentils, the carrots & their cooking liquid in a
blender or food processor & puree until smooth.
5. Stir in the coriander & season to taste with pepper.
6. Reheat the soup & serve with fresh bread.
Cook's tip: To freeze, let cool completely then transfer to
a lidded, freezer-proof container. Freezes well for up to 3
months.
Wiki Fact
The carrot is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour,
though purple, red, white, and yellow varieties exist. It
has a crisp texture when fresh. The most commonly eaten
part of a carrot is a taproot, although the greens are sometimes eaten as well.
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), also known as Cilantro,
Chinese Parsley or Dhania. The fresh leaves are an ingredient in many Indian foods (such as chutneys and salads),
in Chinese and Thai dishes, in Mexican cooking, particularly in salsa, guacamole, as a garnish, and in salads in Russia. Chopped coriander leaves are a garnish on Indian
dishes such as Dhal. As heat diminishes their flavour, coriander leaves are often used raw or added to the dish immediately before serving.
8
Section 4
Fresh Asparagus Wrapped In Parma Ham
A tasty treat, at its best when English asparagus is in season in May
Ingredients
250 g Asparagus Spears, trimmed
6 tbsp Olive Oil
2 tbsp Lemon Juice or White Wine Vinegar
pinch of Sugar
½ tsp Dijon Mustard
2 tbsp Basil, shredded
2 Ripe Avocado Pears, halved, stoned,
peeled and sliced
8 slices of Parma Ham
120 g bag Herb Salad
Yield: 4 portions
Granary Bread
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 10 mins
Skill Level: Easy
9
1. Bring a large pan of water to the boil and drop in the asparagus spears (keeping the tips out of the water).
Cover and cook for 3 minutes.
2. Using a large slotted spoon, lift out the asparagus and
plunge into a bowl of ice cold water. Drain well after 5
minutes.
3. In a screw-top jar, make the dressing by mixing together the olive oil, lemon juice or white wine vinegar,
pinch of sugar, mustard and basil.
4.Pour ⅓ of the dressing over the sliced avocados and allow to stand for 10 minutes before assembling the dish.
5. Divide the asparagus into four even bunches. Wrap and
scrunch two slices of Parma ham around the middle of
the bunch and place on serving plates.
6. Arrange the avocados onto the plates along with the
herb salad. Pour over the remaining dressing and serve
with granary bread.
Wiki Fact
Asparagus has been used as a vegetable and medicine, owing to its delicate flavour, diuretic properties, and more.
A recipe for cooking asparagus is in the oldest surviving
book of recipes, ‘De Re Coquinaria’ (On the subject of
cooking), written by Apicius in the third-century AD.
The green crop is significant enough in California's
Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta region that the city
of Stockton holds a festival every year to celebrate it, as
does the city of Hart, Michigan, complete with a parade
and Asparagus Queen. The Vale of Evesham in Worcestershire is heralded as the largest producer within Northern
Europe, celebrating like Stockton, with a week-long festival every year involving auctions of the best crop and locals dressing up as spears of asparagus as part of the British Asparagus Festival. Many German cities hold an annual Spargelfest (asparagus festival) celebrating the harvest of white asparagus. Schwetzingen claims to be the
"Asparagus Capital of the World" and during its festival
an Asparagus Queen is crowned. The Bavarian city of Nuremberg feasts a week long in April, with a competition to
find the fastest asparagus peeler in the region.
10
Section 5
Fragrant Asian-Style Chicken Broth
Light, low in fat but a clean fresh taste
Ingredients
1 ·2 ltr (2 pts) Chicken Stock
2 x Chicken Breasts
thumb-sized piece Ginger, thinly sliced
2 Garlic Cloves, crushed
1 Red Chilli, deseeded and chopped
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
1 x 125 g pack Baby Corn, halved
2 Green Peppers, deseeded and cut into
chunks
150 g (5oz) Oyster Mushrooms
2 tsp Fish Sauce
Yield: 4 portions
1 Lime, juiced
Prep Time: 10 mins
bunch Spring Onions, finely sliced
Cooking Time: 30 mins
small bunch Coriander Leaves
Skill Level: Easy
11
1. Pour the stock into a large pan and add the (skinless)
chicken, ginger, garlic and half the chilli. Bring to the
boil, then reduce the heat and partially cover.
2. Simmer for 15-20 minutes until the chicken is cooked.
Remove the chicken and shred.
3. Add the corn and peppers to the broth and simmer for
3 minutes before adding the mushrooms and shredded
chicken. Stir in the fish sauce and the lime juice.
4.Ladle into bowls and top each with a handful of spring
onions, a little of the remaining chilli and some coriander leaves.
Wiki Fact
Ginger or ginger root is the rhizome of the plant Zingiber
officinale, consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice.
In Burma, ginger and a local sweetener made from palm
tree juice (htan nyat) are boiled together and taken to prevent the flu.
In China, ginger is included in several traditional preparations. A drink made with sliced ginger cooked in water
with brown sugar or a cola is used as a folk medicine for
the common cold.The Chinese also make a kind of dried
ginger candy that is fermented in plum juice and sugared,
which is also commonly consumed to suppress coughing.
In Congo, ginger is crushed and mixed with mango tree
sap to make tangawisi juice, which is considered a panacea.
In India, ginger is applied as a paste to the temples to relieve headache, and consumed when suffering from the
common cold. Ginger with lemon and black salt is also
used for nausea.
12
Section 6
Indian-Spiced Fish Cakes
Spice up leftover cooked salmon in these simple, freezable fishcakes with cooling raita
Ingredients
600 g Potatoes, quartered if large
½ tsp Cumin Seeds
2 Spring Onions, finely chopped
1 Red Chilli, deseeded and finely chopped
2 tbsp chopped Coriander
Photo courtesy of Tesco
1 Egg, beaten
100 g cooked leftover Salmon, flaked into
large pieces
Plain Flour, for coating
25 g Butter and 1 tbsp Sunflower Oil
Yield: 4 portions
1 pot Cucumber Raita
Prep Time: 20 mins
Cooking Time: 6 mins
Skill Level: Easy
13
1. Boil the potatoes. Meanwhile, dry-fry the cumin seeds
for a couple of secs in a large non-stick frying pan.
2. When soft, drain the potatoes, return to the saucepan,
add the cumin, onions, chilli and coriander with plenty
of seasoning, then mash well.
3. When cooled a little, beat in 2 tbsp of the egg, then
carefully stir through the salmon. Shape into 4 rough
cakes, then coat in flour. If freezing, freeze on a baking
sheet until solid, then pack up.
4.In the frying pan, melt the butter with the oil. Fry the
cakes for about 2 mins each side until golden.
5. Serve with the cucumber raita or mango chutney and
some salad leaves.
Wiki Fact
Cumin, sometimes spelled cummin, Cuminum cyminum)
is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native from
the east Mediterranean to India. Its seeds (each one contained within a fruit, which is dried) are used in the cuisines of many different cultures, in both whole and ground
form.
Cumin seeds are used as a spice for their distinctive flavour and aroma. It is globally popular and an essential flavouring in many cuisines, particularly South Asian, Northern African and Latin American cuisines. Cumin can be
found in some cheeses, such as Leyden cheese, and in
some traditional breads from France. It is commonly used
in traditional Brazilian cuisine. Cumin can be an ingredient in chili powder (often Tex-Mex or Mexican-style), and
is found in achiote blends, adobos, sofrito, garam masala,
curry powder, and bahaarat.
Cumin can be used ground or as whole seeds. It helps to
add an earthy and warming feeling to food, making it a
staple in certain stews and soups, as well as spiced gravies
such as chili. It is also used as an ingredient in some pickles and pastries.
14
Section 7
Tomato & Caramelized Onion Tart Tatin
A vegetarian and savoury version of tart tatin - perfect for a light supper
Ingredients
For The Caramelised Onions
50 g Butter
1 tbsp Olive Oil
1 large Onion, cut into thin wedges
1 tsp Sugar
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
For The Pastry
85 g Butter
175 g Self-Raising Flour
50 g Parmesan, finely grated
small handful Fresh Thyme Leaves
1 large Free Range Egg Yolk
For The Tomatoes
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 60 mins
Cooking Time: 25 mins
Skill Level: Easy
25 g Butter
1 tbsp Olive Oil
1 tsp Sugar
1 fat Garlic Clove, thinly sliced
5 Plum Tomatoes, halved lengthways
several sprigs of Thyme
15
1. Heat the butter and oil in a frying pan until the butter
has melted. Cook the onion over a medium heat for
about 10 minutes until beautifully golden, stirring often. Stir in the sugar and cook for another couple of
minutes. Tip the onion and juices into a bowl and set
aside. Preheat the oven to 200C/gas 6/fan 180C.
2. For the pastry, rub the butter into the flour to make
fine crumbs. Stir in the parmesan, thyme and a pinch of
salt. Add the egg yolk and 2 tbsp cold water, then mix
to make a dough. Wrap in cling film.
3. For the tomatoes, heat the butter and oil in a 20cm tart
tatin tin on the hob until quite hot. Stir in the sugar
and garlic, then put in the plum tomatoes cut-side
down with a few thyme sprigs, and sizzle for no more
than 1 minute. Scatter in the whole cherry tomatoes
and tuck in a bit more thyme. Take off the heat and
spread the onions on top. Season with salt and pepper.
4.Roll out the pastry until it's slightly bigger than the top
of the tin. Lay it over the onions and tuck any excess
down the sides.
5. Bake on a baking sheet for 25 minutes until golden.
Cool for 5 minutes, invert a plate over the top and up-
turn the tart onto it. Scatter with extra thyme and
black pepper.
Wiki Fact
Research shows that the Tarte Tatin was first created accidentally at the Hotel Tatin in Lamotte-Beuvron, France,
about 100 miles South of Paris, in the 1880s. The hotel
was run by two sisters, Stéphanie and Caroline Tatin.
There are conflicting stories concerning the tart's origin,
but the most common is that Stéphanie Tatin, who did
most of the cooking, was overworked one day. She started
to make a traditional apple pie but left the apples cooking
in butter and sugar for too long. Smelling the burning, she
tried to rescue the dish by putting the pastry base on top
of the pan of apples, quickly finishing the cooking by putting the whole pan in the oven. After turning out the upside down tart, she was surprised to find how much the
hotel guests appreciated the dessert. In an alternative version of the tart's origin, Stéphanie baked a caramelized apple tart upside-down by mistake. Regardless she served
her guests the unusual dish hot from the oven and a classic was born.
16
Section 8
Sticky Chinese Wings & Cucumber
Chinese style chicken wings with an American twist using just 6 ingredients
Ingredients
16 large Chicken Wings
125 ml Reduced Salt Soy Sauce
140 g Dark Soft Brown Sugar
5 tbsp White Wine Vinegar
1/2 Cucumber, cut into strips using a peeler
Cooked Rice, to serve
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 10 mins
Cooking Time: 40 mins
Skill Level: Easy
17
1. Heat oven to 220C/fan 200C/gas 7. In a roasting tray,
toss the wings with the soy sauce, 125g of the sugar, 2
tbsp of the vinegar and some cracked black pepper.
Roast for 40 mins, turning occasionally until lacquered.
2. Meanwhile, bring the remaining sugar and vinegar to
the boil for about 1 min, until the sugar dissolves. Leave
to cool, then toss with the cucumber ribbons.
3. Serve the sticky wings with the cucumber and some
boiled rice.
Wiki Fact
Soy sauce (also called soya sauce) is a condiment made
from a fermented paste of boiled soybeans, roasted grain,
brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds.
After fermentation, the paste is pressed, producing a liquid, which is the soy sauce, and a solid byproduct, which
is often used as animal feed. Soy sauce is a traditional ingredient in East and Southeast Asian cuisines, where it is
used in cooking and as a condiment. It originated in
China in the 2nd century BCE and spread throughout
Asia. Today, it is used in Western cuisine and prepared
foods.
Soy sauce has a distinct yet basic taste of umami, due to
naturally occurring free glutamates.
Most varieties of soy sauce are salty, earthy, brownish liquids intended to season food while cooking or at the table. Many kinds of soy sauce are made in China, Taiwan,
Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam, Burma and other countries. Variation is usually achieved as the result of different methods and durations of fermentation, different ratios of water, salt, and fermented soy, or through the addition of other ingredients.
18
Section 9
Chicken Liver & Pineau Pâté
A rich, sweet pâté recipe using Pineau - a sherry-like aperitif - great as a dinner party starter.
Ingredients
500 g Chicken Livers
100 g Butter
100 g Unsmoked Lardons or chopped
Streaky Bacon
1 Garlic Clove, crushed or finely chopped
1 tbsp Fresh Thyme Leaves or 1 tsp Dried
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
5 Tbsp Pineau or Sherry
Herb sprigs to garnish, rosemary, thyme or
bay
Serve with cornichons and toasted brioche
Yield: 6-8 portions
Prep Time: 10 mins
Cooking Time: 10 mins
Skill Level: Easy
19
1. Rinse the chicken livers and cut away any dark patches
and small stringy threads. Pat dry with kitchen paper.
Heat 25g of the butter in a frying pan until foaming,
then add the lardons or bacon and fry until crisp. Add
the garlic, chicken livers and thyme and fry briskly for
about 5 mins, until they are evenly browned. They
should be nicely browned on the outside, but pink inside and should feel squashy when pressed.
2. Add the Pineau, salt and pepper, then bubble for a few
mins. Remove from the heat. Blitz the mixture in a
food processor until smooth, then spoon into a jar or
dish. Smooth the top.
3. Melt the remaining butter, put a herb sprig or bay leaf
on top of the pâté and pour over the butter, leaving the
sediment behind. Leave to cool, then chill until set.
Wiki Fact
Pineau des Charentes, (Pineau Charentais, or simply
Pineau) is a regional French aperitif, made in the départements of Charente, Charente-Maritime and, to a much
lesser extent, Dordogne in western France.
A cornichon (the French word for gherkin), they have historically also been called horned cucumbers, crumplings,
and gherkins. The gherkins sold in pickle mixtures are
not Cucmis anguria but rather are small pickled immature fruits of cultivars of the cucumber (Cucmis sativus).
A true gherkin has palmately lobed leaves with toothed
edges, small flowers, and furrowed, prickly fruits about
five centimeters (two inches) long that are borne on
crooked stalks.
4.Serve spooned from the dish with toasted brioche, a
bowl of cornichons and a little sea salt.
20
Section 10
Moules Marinière
Make this delicious French classic of mussels in a white wine, cream and herb sauce at home.
Ingredients
1 tbsp Olive Oil
1 Onion, peeled and finely sliced
2 Garlic Cloves, peeled and finely sliced
150 ml White Wine
1 kg Live Mussels, cleaned and beards removed (see cooks tip)
75 ml Double Cream
½ x 28 g pack Flat Leaf Parsley, finely
chopped
Crusty Bread, to serve
Yield: 2 portions
Prep Time: 10 mins
Cooking Time: 15-20 mins
Skill Level: Easy
21
1. Heat the oil in a large, deep pan. Gently fry the onion
for 10 minutes until tender, adding the garlic for the final minute.
2. Turn up the heat, then stir in the white wine and simmer for 1 minute.
3. Add the mussels, then cover with a lid and steam for 3–
4 minutes, until they have fully opened.
4.Remove the lid, then pour in the cream and parsley. Stir
thoroughly but gently for 1 minute, then serve with
crusty bread.
Wiki Fact
In Belgium, the Netherlands, and France, mussels are consumed with french fries ("mosselen met friet" or "moulesfrites") or bread. In Belgium, mussels are sometimes
served with fresh herbs and flavorful vegetables in a stock
of butter and white wine. Frites/Frieten and Belgian beer
sometimes are accompaniments. In the Netherlands, mussels are sometimes served fried in batter or breadcrumbs,
particularly at take-out food outlets or informal settings.
In France, the Éclade des Moules is a mussel bake that
can be found along the beaches of the Bay of Biscay.
Cook's tip: It is important to prepare shellfish properly
before eating. Wash the mussels well and pull off the
beards (these are the tufty fibres that are attached to the
shells). Discard any with cracked shells, or any that are
open and do not close when tapped. Mussels will shrink
and become tough if cooked for more than a few minutes.
Once the shells have opened the mussels will be ready to
eat.
22
Chapter 2
Mains
A selection of meals for the
heartier appetite. With tastes from
around the world and closer to
home, some dishes are aimed at the
beginner and some for the more
adventurous.
Section 1
Malaysian Fish Curry (Fish Moolie)
Rich and spicy, this dish might look like fish curry but it isn’t. It has no curry powder although turmeric, one of the spices that make up curry
powder, is an ingredient and responsible for the bright yellow hue.
Ingredients:
4 Shallots or 1 Onion, roughly chopped
5 cm piece of Fresh Ginger, peeled and sliced
5 cm piece of Fresh Lemon Grass, outer leaf
discarded
5 cm piece of Fresh Galangal, peeled and
chopped
3 large Red Chillies, deseeded and chopped
roughly
6 Blanched Almonds, chopped
1⁄2 tsp Turmeric
900 ml Coconut Milk
1 kg Fish (see below), cleaned
For the fish use Red Snapper, Grouper, Turbot, Halibut, Cod or Haddock steaks.
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 20 mins
Cooking Time: 45 mins
Skill Level: Medium
24
1. Put the shallots, ginger, lemon grass, galangal, chillies,
almonds and turmeric into a blender or food processor
with 6 tablespoons of the coconut milk and blend until
smooth.
2. Pour the paste into a saucepan or work, bring to the
boil and stir continuously for 4 minutes.
3. Add the remaining coconut milk. Bring to the boil
again, stir and simmer for 30 minutes, stirring often, until the quantity is reduced by half. Put in the fish and
simmer for 10 to 15 minutes, stirring occasionally. Adjust the seasoning.
Wiki Fact
Fish moolie or fish molee is a spicy fish and coconut dish
of possible Portugueseor Kerala origin.
It is common in India and Malaysia. During the times of
the British Empire it spread into other places of SouthEast Asia, such as Singapore.
The name may be associated with a kind of curry known
among Malyalees of Southern India as Moli.
4.Transfer into a serving dish and sprinkle with Goreng
Bawang (crispy fried shallots). Serve immediately, accompanied by plain cooked rice and vegetables of your
choice or a salad.
25
Section 2
Healthier Chicken Balti
A lighter version of the Indian takeaway classic, this tomato-based curry is packed with extra spinach and peppers
Ingredients:
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
450 g Skinless, boneless Chicken Breasts, cut
into bite sized pieces
1 Tbsp Lime Juice
1 tsp Paprika
1⁄4 tsp Hot Chilli Powder
1 1⁄2 tbsp Sunflower or Groundnut Oil
1 Cinnamon Stick
3 Cardamom Pods, split
1 small to medium Green Chilli
1⁄2 tsp Cumin Seed
1 medium Onion, coarsely grated
2 Garlic Cloves, very finely chopped
2 1⁄2 cm piece Ginger, grated
1⁄2 tsp Turmeric
1 tsp Ground Cumin
1 tsp Ground Coriander
1 tsp Garam Masala
250 ml Passata
1 Red Pepper, deseeded, cut into small chunks
1 medium Tomato, chopped
85 g Baby Spinach Leaves
handful Fresh Coriander, chopped
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 25 mins
Cooking Time: 30 mins
Skill Level: Medium
Chapatis Or Basmati Rice, to serve (optional)
26
1. Put the chicken in a medium bowl. Mix in the lime
juice, paprika, chilli powder and a grinding of black pepper, then leave to marinate for at least 15 mins, preferably a bit longer.
serving. Scatter with fresh coriander and serve with
warm chapatis or basmati rice, if you like.
Wiki Fact
2. Heat 1 tbsp of the oil in a large non-stick wok or sauté
pan. Tip in the cinnamon stick, cardamom pods, whole
chilli and cumin seeds, and stir-fry briefly just to colour
and release their fragrance. Stir in the onion, garlic and
ginger and fry over a medium-high heat for 3-4 mins until the onion starts to turn brown. Add the remaining
oil, then drop in the chicken and stir-fry for 2-3 mins or
until it no longer looks raw. Mix the turmeric, cumin,
ground coriander and garam masala together. Tip into
the pan, lower the heat to medium and cook for 2 mins.
Pour in the passata and 150ml water, then drop in the
chunks of pepper. When starting to bubble, lower the
heat and simmer for 15-20 mins or until the chicken is
tender.
A Balti is a type of curry served in a thin, pressed steel
wok-like "balti bowl". It is served in many restaurants in
the United Kingdom. The consensus appears to be that
the term refers to the pot in which the curry is cooked,
rather than to any specific ingredient or cooking technique, although it is stated that it is cooked until the
cooking liquid has largely evaporated.
Where the Balti style of cooking originated is uncertain;
some believe it to have been invented in Birmingham,
England while others believe it originated in the northern
Pakistani region of Baltistan in Kashmir.
3. Stir in the tomato, simmer for 2-3 mins, then add the
spinach and turn it over in the pan to just wilt. Season
with a little salt. If you want to thin down the sauce,
splash in a little more water. Remove the cinnamon
stick, chilli and cardamom pods, if you wish, before
27
Section 3
Russian Chicken & Mushroom Pies with Soured Cream and Dill
Packed with rice, chicken, veggies and a creamy sauce, these Russian-influenced pies are great for using up leftovers
Ingredients:
125 g Long Grain Rice
50 g Butter
250 g Mushrooms, roughly chopped
175 g Oyster Mushrooms
1 Onion, finely chopped
2 Garlic Cloves, finely chopped
2 Tbsp Plain Flour
300 ml Milk
425 g Cooked Chicken
Juice 1⁄2 Lemon
150 ml Pot Soured Cream
1/4 pack Dill, finely chopped
375 g pack Ready-Rolled Puff Pastry
1 Egg Yolk, to glaze
85 g Baby Spinach Leaves
handful Fresh Coriander, chopped
Yield: 6 portions
Prep Time: 25 mins
Cooking Time: 50 mins
Skill Level: Easy
28
1. Boil the rice in enough water to just cover until the rice
is al dente and the liquid has been absorbed – about 10
mins. Season, then set aside.
2. Heat a large frying pan, then add the butter. Once
melted, fry the mushrooms and onion until golden. Season, add the garlic, then cook for another couple of
mins. Stir in the flour and cook for 1-2 mins, turning
the vegetables over in it. Now take the pan off the heat
and gradually add the milk, stirring to incorporate every
addition before you add any more. Once done, put the
pan back on the heat and bring to the boil, stirring all
the time as the sauce thickens. Season well and let the
sauce simmer so that the flour gets cooked. Stir in the
cooked chicken and add the lemon juice, soured cream
and dill.
3. Spread the rice in the bottom of 6 buttered individual
pie dishes, then spoon the meat and sauce on top.
Leave it to cool a little. Roll out the pastry a little and
cut to fit your dishes, then pop on top and press the pastry down. Trim off the excess. You can finish the pie
crusts by making a long strip of pastry with the leftovers, twisting it like a rope. Moisten the edges of the
pastry on the pies with water, then press on the rope of
pastry. Otherwise just crimp the edges.
4.Heat oven to 200C/180C fan/gas 6. Make 3 slits in the
centre of the pies, then brush the tops with egg yolk.
Bake for 10 mins, then turn the heat down to 180C/
160C fan/gas 4 and cook for a further 20-25 mins, until
the pastry is golden and cooked.
Wiki Fact
Pirozhki (singular: pirozhok; diminutive of "pirog" [pie]) are small stuffed
buns (pies) made of either yeast dough or short pastry. They are filled with
one of many different fillings and are either baked (the ancient Slavic
method) or shallow-fried (known as "priazhenie", this method was borrowed from the Tatars in the 16th century). One feature of pirozhki that
sets them apart from, for example, English pies is that the fillings used are
almost invariably fully cooked. The use of chopped hard-boiled eggs in fillings is another interesting feature. Six typical fillings for traditional pirozhki are:
1. Chopped boiled meat mixed with sautéed onions
2. Rice and boiled eggs with dill
3. Fish sautéed with onions and mixed with hard-boiled chopped eggs and
rice
4. Mashed potatoes mixed with dill and green onion
5. Sautéed cabbage
6. Sautéed mushrooms with onions and sometimes carrots
29
Section 4
Herby Chorizo Tortilla
A Spanish style omelette with herbs and onions.
Ingredients:
300 g Chorizo Sausage
2 Potatoes, par boiled
15 g pack Fresh Parsley
15 g pack Fresh Chives
6 large Eggs
4 Red Onions
1 tbsp Lemon Juice
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 30 mins
Skill Level: Easy
30
1. Peel and thinly slice the onions and place in a bowl.
Wiki Fact
2. Toss in the lemon juice & plenty of seasoning. Peel the
papery skin from the chorizo and cut the sausage into
small pieces. Slice the potatoes in thin slices.
The Tortilla Española, referred to in the English language
as Tortilla, Spanish Omelette, is a typical Spanish dish
consisting of a thick egg omelette made with potatoes
fried in olive oil.
3. Place in a large nonstick frying pan and heat gently until the juices start to run.
4.Add the onions, increase the heat and cook, stirring, for
15 minutes, until the onions are tender and lightly
golden. Layer with the potato.
5. Beat the eggs together with the herbs and some seasoning and pour into the pan, stirring to ensure the eggs
are evenly distributed.
6. Reduce the heat to low & cook for 10 minutes, until
lightly golden on the bottom. Remove from the heat,
loosen all round the edge with a palette knife and place
a large inverted plate on top.
7. Turn the tortilla on to it, then carefully slide it back
into the pan. Cook for a further 5 minutes, until the
eggs are set. Serve hot or cold, cut into slices.
In Spanish, this dish is called tortilla de patatas or tortilla
española to distinguish it from an omelette.
According to legend, during the siege of Bilbao, Carlist
general Tomás de Zumalacárregui created the "tortilla de
patatas" as an easy, fast and nutritious dish to satisfy the
scarcities of the Carlist army. Although it remains unknown whether this is true, it appears the tortilla started
to spread during the early Carlist wars.
Another tale is that during the war, Zumalacárregui was
in the field and happened upon a farmhouse and demanded a meal from the farmwife. All she had were a few
eggs, a potato and an onion, so she combined all three,
making an omelette. Surprisingly, Zumalacárregui was
pleased and took the idea with him.
Cook's tip: This rich tortilla is good served with a tomato
or crisp green salad and some bread to mop up the juices.
31
Section 5
Fuss-Free Lamb Fajitas
A quick and simple lunch or light supper.
Ingredients:
Yield: 4 portions
4 Lamb Leg Steaks (about 350G), thawed
if frozen
1 tsp Mild Chilli Powder
1 tsp Ground Cumin
1 tbsp Freeze-Dried Coriander Leaf or 2
tbsp finely chopped Fresh Coriander
3 tbsp Oil
1 Red Onion, peeled
1 Red and 1 Yellow Pepper
1 Clove Garlic, peeled and crushed 2 tsp
Lemon Juice
warmed Flour Tortillas
sliced Fresh Avocado
Soured Cream
Tomato Salsa
Prep Time: 10 mins
Cooking Time: 10 mins
Skill Level: Easy
32
1. Cut the lamb into thin strips and mix with the chilli,
cumin, coriander and 1 tablespoon oil. Cover with cling
film and leave for 10 minutes. Cut the onion in half and
then each piece into 8 wedges. Cut the peppers in half
and throw away the seeds and core and cut the peppers
into strips.
2. Heat the remaining 2 tablespoons oil in a large frying
pan and fry the onion, peppers and garlic over a medium heat for 5 minutes until softened and beginning to
brown. Tip onto a clean plate and return the pan to the
heat.
3. Add the lamb to the pan and fry over a high heat for
about 3 minutes until well browned, stirring every now
and then. Return vegetables to the pan and add a few
splashes of lemon juice. Cook for 1-2 minutes until
really hot. Serve piled into flour tortillas with lots of
sliced fresh avocado, soured cream and salsa sauce.
Wiki Fact
A fajita is a term found in Tex-Mex cuisine, commonly referring to any grilled meat usually served as a taco on a
flour or corn tortilla. The term originally referred to the
cut of beef used in the dish which is known as skirt steak.
Popular meats today also include chicken, pork, shrimp,
and all cuts of beef. In restaurants, the meat is often
cooked with onions and bell peppers. Popular condiments
are shredded lettuce, sour cream, guacamole, salsa, pico
de gallo, cheese, and tomato.
The northern Mexican variant of the dish name is Arrachera.
33
Section 6
Mexican Ranch-Style Eggs
A Mexican-style dish of eggs baked in spiced tomatoes, peppers, chorizo, and crispy potatoes.
Ingredients:
Photo courtesy of Sainsburys
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 25 mins
1.25 kg Potatoes, cut into 2cm cubes
1 Chicken Stock Cube, made up to
500 ml
2 tbsp Olive Oil
2 Garlic Cloves, 1 peeled and left whole, 1
finely chopped
1⁄2 bunch Spring Onions, washed and
sliced
300 g Mixed Peppers, sliced
70 g Spanish Chorizo, sliced, each slice
cut into 4
2 tsp Mild Chilli Powder
1 x 400 g can Peeled Tomatoes
4 medium Free Range Eggs
Skill Level: Easy
34
1. In a large frying pan add the potatoes and 300ml of the
stock and cook for 10 minutes, until most of the liquid
has been absorbed and the potatoes are becoming tender.
2. Remove the lid, add 1-2 tablespoons of the oil and the
whole garlic clove and fry the potatoes for 10-15 minutes, stirring occasionally, until golden.
3. Meanwhile, heat the remaining oil in another frying
pan, and fry most of the onion (leave a little to garnish),
peppers and chorizo for 5 minutes, until slightly
charred.
4.Stir in the remaining garlic and chilli powder, followed
by the tomatoes and remaining stock. Simmer for 5 minutes, until thickened, then season.
5. Make four dips in the tomato sauce using the back of a
spoon and crack an egg into each dip, cover and cook
over a gentle heat for 6-8 minutes, until the yolk has set
but is still runny.
Make it veggie:
Replace the chicken stock with vegetable stock and the
chorizo with 200g mushrooms. Cook the mushrooms
with the peppers and the potatoes with the stock. Complete as the recipe states.
Wiki Fact
Where does ‘Ranch Dressing’ come from?
The creators of Ranch dressing are Gayle and Steve Henson from a dude ranch outside Santa Barbara, California,
The Hidden Valley Ranch. The Henson's opened this
ranch in 1954 and visitors came to enjoy horseback riding
and taking in the scenery. However, the more memorable
experience of these trips was generally the taste of the
homemade salad dressing served at the ranch. On the
menu at the dude ranch was a special salad dressing made
up of buttermilk, mayonnaise and a dry mix of herbs and
spices. This dressing became termed Ranch and soon was
the only salad dressing served.
6. Serve straight away, scattered with the remainder of the
spring onions, and with the sauté potatoes.
35
Section 7
Fish Pie
You can use any kind of white fish, such as cod or haddock, or even salmon to make this tasty and filling fish pie. Salmon is a good source of
vitamins A and D.
Ingredients:
700 g Potatoes, peeled and diced
4 Fillets of Haddock (or any kind of
White Fish or Salmon)
425 ml 1% Fat Milk
50g Peas, frozen
25 g Low-Fat Spread
25 g Flour
25 g Reduced-Fat Strong Hard Cheese
320 g Broccoli (to serve)
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 30 mins
Cooking Time: 30 mins
Skill Level: Easy
36
1. Preheat the oven to 200’c or gas mark 6.
Wiki Fact
2. Start by preparing the potatoes. Boil them for about 10
to 15 minutes until they're soft, then drain them and
mash with a little milk.
Why is fish good for you?
3. To make the sauce, mix the milk, low-fat spread and
flour in a small pan and warm over a medium heat. Stir
continuously until the sauce starts to bubble and
thicken.
4.Pour the sauce over chunks of fish and peas in an ovenproof dish, then top with mashed potato and sprinkle
the cheese over the top.
Fish is healthy: easy to digest and has a high level of precious proteins, thus fish is considered an important part
of a healthy diet. The omega-3 fatty acids fish has is an
added bonus. These fatty acids -- like docosahexaeonic
acid (DHA) occur mostly in fatty fish like herring, salmon
and mackerel. They are thought to lower the blood pressure, to strengthen the immune system and to have positive effects on the development on the nervous system
and the cardiovascular system.
5. Bake in the centre of the oven for 30 minutes, until the
top is golden brown. Serve with broccoli.
37
Section 8
Pumpkin Gnocchi
This recipe is for a lighter and more refined version of gnocchi with a spicy flavour.
Ingredients:
750 g peeled and deseeded Pumpkin or
other Squash eg Butternut
125 g Plain Flour
40 g Pecorino or Mild Cheddar Cheese,
grated
50 g Parmesan Cheese, grated 1⁄2 tsp
grated Nutmeg
Salt
Basil Leaves for decoration, can be
lightly fried
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 20 mins
Cooking Time: 30 mins
Skill Level: Medium
38
1. Cut the pumpkin or squash into chunks and put them
in a saucepan or steamer with a little water.
2. Cover and simmer for about 15 minutes or until soft.
3. Tip the pumpkin into a sieve and squeeze out as much
liquid as possible by pressing with the back of a wooden
spoon.
4. Turn the pumpkin into a bowl and mash the pulp until
it is smooth.
5. Add all the remaining ingredients to the pumpkin, season with salt and mix well.
6. Cover and chill in the refrigerator for at least 20 minutes.
the gnocchi with a slotted spoon and put them in a
warmed serving bowl.
11.Serve immediately, with cream or the sauce of your
choice. Pesto works well or a light cheese sauce.
Wiki Fact
The word gnocchi may derive from the Italian word nocchio, meaning a
knot in wood, or from nocca (meaning knuckle). It has been a traditional
Italian pasta type of probable Middle Eastern origin since Roman times.
It was introduced by the Roman legions during the expansion of the empire into the countries of the European continent. In the past 2,000 years,
each country developed its own specific type of small dumpling, with the
ancient gnocchi as their common ancestor. In Roman times, gnocchi were
made from a semolina porridge-like dough mixed with eggs, and are still
found in similar forms today, particularly the oven-baked gnocchi alla romana and Sardinia's malloreddus (although these do not contain eggs).
8. Place them spaced well apart on a floured surface.
The use of potato is a relatively recent innovation, occurring after the introduction of the potato to Europe in the 16th century. Potato gnocchi are
particularly popular in Abruzzo, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Veneto, Ciociaria
and other provinces of Latium. As with other mashed potato dishes they
are best prepared with floury potatoes to keep a light texture.
9. Bring a large saucepan of salted water to the boil and
add the gnocchi.
Our recipe takes this a stage further by using just pumpkin, a modern
twist on a classic dish.
7. Using plenty of flour, shape the mixture into small
cherry sized balls no more than 2cm in diameter.
10.Cook for 3-5 minutes or until the gnocchi rise to the
surface and the water starts to boil again, then remove
39
Section 9
Chickpea & Spinach Curry
An aromatic curry rather than spicy, this veggie treat can also be used as a side dish.
Ingredients:
Yield: 4 portions
100 g Ghee or Clarified Butter
1 tsp Ground Turmeric
1 tsp Garam Masala
1 tsp Ground Fenugreek
1 tsp seeds from Cardamom Pods
1 tsp Mustard Seeds
1 large Onion, finely chopped
2-3 large Garlic Cloves, chopped
2 x 400 g tins Chickpeas, drained and liquid reserved
1 x 400 g can Chopped Tomatoes
250 g Spinach
About 600 ml (1pt) Vegetable Stock
Salt
Prep Time: 20 mins
Cooking Time: 1 hr 20 mins
Skill Level: Easy
40
1. Heat the ghee or clarified butter in a large heavy-based
pan. If using normal butter which you need to clarify
place 100g in a saucepan over a low heat, as the butter
starts to simmer carefully remove the foam from the
surface of the melted butter using a spoon. You should
eventually be left with pure golden melted butter.
2. Add the spices and cook slowly for 10 minutes. Add the
onion and garlic, and cook until these are softened.
3. Add the chickpeas with 2 tablespoons of their liquid,
the chopped tomatoes and the spinach. Pour in the
stock, bring to the boil, then reduce the heat to a simmer. Cook for 1 hour.
4. Keep an eye on the curry: if the liquid reduces too
quickly at any time, add some more vegetable stock or
water.
5. If necessary, season to taste with salt before serving.
Wiki Fact
There are three main kinds of chickpea:
+
•+
Desi, which has small, darker seeds and a rough coat, cultivated mostly in the India and much of the Indian Subcontinent, as well as
Ethiopia, Mexico, and Iran.
+
•+
Bombay (Bambai), which is also dark in colour but slightly
larger in size than the Desi variety. They too are popular in the Indian Subcontinent.
+
•+
Kabuli, associated with Kabul in Afghanistan. These are
lighter coloured, with larger seeds and a smoother coat, mainly grown in
Southern Europe, Northern Africa, South America and Indian Subcontinent, having been introduced during the 18th century to India.
The Desi (meaning 'country' or 'local' in Hindi) is also known as Bengal
gram or kala chana (black chickpea in both Hindi and Urdu) or chhola
boot. Kabuli (meaning 'from Kabul' in Hindi, since they were thought to
have come from Afghanistan when first seen in India) or safed chana is the
kind widely grown throughout the Mediterranean and the Indian Subcontinent. Desi is likely the earliest form since it closely resembles seeds found
both on archaeological sites and the wild plant ancestor (Cicer reticulatum) of domesticated chickpeas, which only grows in southeast Turkey,
where it is believed to have originated. Desi chickpeas have a markedly
higher fiber content than Kabulis and hence a very low glycemic index
which may make them suitable for people with blood sugar problems. The
desi type is used to make Chana Dal, which is a split chickpea with the
skin removed.
41
Section 10
Mediterranean Bean Stew With Potato Griddle Cakes
A fulfilling recipe that uses fresh and tinned vegetables and left over mash.
Ingredients:
2 tbsp Extra-Virgin Olive Oil, plus extra to serve
2 Red Onions, cut into wedges
2 Courgettes, chopped into 1cm/1⁄2in batons
150g Celeriac, cut into cubes
1 Garlic Clove, finely chopped
2 tbsp Tomato Purée
1 tbsp Smoked Paprika
1 x 440 g can Chopped Tomatoes
200 ml Vegetable Stock
1 x 400 g can Butter Beans Or Mixed Beans, drained
handful Fresh Basil
1 Lemon, zest only
100 g cooked Broad Beans, frozen or tinned
Yield: 4-6 portions
Prep Time: 35 mins
Cooking Time: 1 hr
For The Griddled Potato Cakes
250 g Mashed Potatoes
1 tsp Baking Powder
100 g Plain Flour
Salt And Freshly Ground Black Pepper
1 tbsp Fresh Thyme
2 tbsp Vegetable Oil
Skill Level: Medium
42
1. For the stew, heat two tablespoons of the oil in a casserole pan and fry the onions, courgettes, celeriac and garlic for 4-5 minutes.
2. Add the tomato purée and smoked paprika and cook
for a further 4-5 minutes. Add the chopped tomatoes
and stock, bring to boil, then reduce to a simmer for
20-25 minutes.
3. Stir in the butter beans, basil and lemon zest and cook
for a further 10 minutes, then stir in the broad beans.
Finish the stew with a good glug of extra-virgin olive
oil.
4.Meanwhile, for the griddled potato cakes, mix the ingredients together in a bowl until well combined, then
shape the potato mixture into six patties.
5. Heat the oil in a frying pan and fry the patties for 3-4
minutes on each side, or until crisp and golden-brown
on both sides.
6. To serve, ladle the stew into serving bowl and serve the
potato cakes alongside.
Wiki Fact
Paprika is a spice made from ground, dried fruits of the chili pepper family of the genus Capsicum annuum. Although Paprika is often associated
with Hungarian cuisine the chilies it is made from are native to the New
World. Spain and Portugal introduced Capsicum annuum to the Old
World from the Americas. Spanish pimentón, as it is known there, is often
smoked, giving it a unique earthy flavor. The seasoning is also used to add
colour and flavour to many types of dishes in the cuisines of Turkey, Spain,
Portugal, Greece, Hungary, Romania, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Morocco, and South Africa.
The use of paprika expanded from Iberia throughout Africa and Asia, and
ultimately reached Central Europe through the Balkans, which were under
Ottoman rule, explaining the Hungarian origin of the modern English
term. In Spanish, paprika has been known as pimentón since the 1500s,
when it became a typical ingredient of the western region of Extremadura.
Despite its presence in Central Europe since the beginning of Ottoman
conquests, it did not become popular in Hungary until the late 19th century.
Central European paprika was hot until the 1920s, when a Szeged breeder
found one plant that produced sweet fruit. This was grafted onto other
plants. Nowadays, paprika can range from mild to hot, and flavors also
vary from country to country, but almost all the plants grown produce the
sweet variety. The sweet paprika is mostly pericarp with more than half of
the seeds removed, whereas hot paprika contains some seeds, placentas,
calyxes, and stalks.
43
Chapter 3
Desserts
Some sweet treats with some that
are not as bad for you as they seem.
Full of flavour but not calories.
Section 1
Cranachan
This is a popular Scottish dessert and there are many variations and names such as Cream Crowdie.
Ingredients
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
125 g Porridge Oats
250 ml Double or Whipping Cream
50 g Icing Sugar
1⁄2 tsp Vanilla Extract
1 punnet of Fresh Berries
1 tbsp Whisky
4 Fresh Mint Leaves for garnish (optional)
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 10 mins
Cooking Time: 10 mins
Skill Level: Easy
45
1. Preheat the oven to 180 C / Gas mark 4. Spread oats
out in a thin layer on a baking tray. Toast in the oven
for about 10 minutes, or until lightly browned. Set aside
to cool. Remove them from the tray for faster cooling.
2. In a medium bowl, whip the cream to firm peaks. Gently fold in the icing sugar, vanilla and toasted oats.
Spoon into 4 serving bowls, and top with fresh berries.
For an extra touch, drizzle some whisky over each serving. Garnish with a mint leaf.
Wiki Fact
Cranachan is a traditional Scottish dessert. In modern
times it is usually made from a mixture of whipped
cream, whisky, honey (preferably heather honey), and
fresh raspberries, with toasted oatmeal soaked overnight
in a little whisky. Atholl brose is a drink using similar ingredients but does not contain raspberries. Earlier recipes
used crowdie cheese rather than (or as well as) cream, and
were sometimes called cream-crowdie. Other earlier recipes are more austere, omitting the whisky and treating
the fruit as an optional extra.
A traditional way to serve cranachan is to bring dishes of
each ingredient to the table, so that each person can assemble their dessert to taste. Tall dessert glasses are also
of typical presentation.
It was originally a summer dish and often consumed
around harvest time, but is now more likely to be served
all year round and on special occasions. A variant dish was
ale-crowdie, consisting of ale, treacle and whisky with the
oatmeal - served at a wedding with a ring in the mixture:
whoever got the ring would be the next to marry.
46
Section 2
Nutty Rhubarb And Orange Crumble
A dessert that eats well hot with custard or cold with ice cream.
Ingredients
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
500 g Rhubarb fresh, frozen or tinned
juice of 1 Medium Orange
2 tbsp Soft Light Brown Sugar
250 g Plain Flour
75 g Butter
25 g Oatmeal
50 g Soft Light Brown Sugar
50 g Flaked Almonds
Serve with custard or vanilla ice cream
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 30 mins
Skill Level: Easy
47
1. Preheat the oven to 190°c, fan 170°c, gas 5. Place the
rhubarb in a shallow ovenproof dish. Pour over the orange juice and sprinkle over the sugar. Place the flour in
a mixing bowl and rub in the butter.
2. Stir in the oatmeal, brown sugar and flaked almonds.
Sprinkle the crumble mixture over the rhubarb and
smooth level. Bake in the preheated oven for 25-30 minutes until bubbling and the crumble is golden brown.
Wiki Fact
In the United Kingdom, the first rhubarb of the year is
harvested by candlelight in forcing sheds - where all other
light is excluded - a practice that produces a sweeter,
more tender stalk. These sheds are dotted around the
noted "Rhubarb Triangle" of Wakefield, Leeds, and Morley.
Rhubarb grows year-round in warm climates, but in temperate climates, the above ground portion of the plant
completely withers away at the onset of freezing temperature. The plant grows from the root at the return of warm
weather. Rhubarb growth can be 'forced' or encouraged
to grow early by raising the local temperature, usually by
placing an upturned bucket over the new shoots.
48
Section 3
Apple Pancakes
Easily made from kitchen cupboard ingredients, we used apples but most fruits would work.
Ingredients
100 g Plain Flour
2 tsp Baking Powder
1 Egg, beaten
150 ml Milk
3 tbsp Caster Sugar
25 g Butter
2 Apples, thinly sliced
Yield: 2 portions
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 15 mins
Skill Level: Easy
49
1. Put the flour and baking powder in a mixing bowl,
make a well in the centre, add the egg and a little milk
and mix to a smooth paste. Slowly add the rest of the
milk and beat to a smooth batter. Stir in 1 tablespoon of
the caster sugar.
2. Lightly oil a frying pan and heat. Drop a large tablespoonful of mixture onto the hot pan, cook for 2-3 minutes until golden brown underneath and almost set on
top, turn over and cook other side until golden. Keep
warm while making remaining pancakes.
3. Melt butter in small frying pan and fry the apple slices
until golden. Add remaining sugar and stir until dissolved. Serve with the pancakes.
Wiki Fact
A pancake is a flat cake, often thin, and round, prepared from a
starch-based batter and cooked on a hot surface such as a griddle
or frying pan. In Britain, pancakes are often unleavened, and resemble a crêpe. In America, a raising agent is used (typically baking powder). The American pancake is similar to a Scotch pancake or drop scone.
They may be served at any time with a variety of toppings or fillings including jam, fruit, syrup, chocolate chips, or meat. In
America, they are typically considered to be a breakfast food. In
Britain and the Commonwealth, they are associated with Shrove
Tuesday, commonly known as Pancake Day, when perishable ingredients had to be used up before the fasting period of Lent began.
Archaeological evidence suggests that pancakes are probably the
earliest and most widespread cereal food eaten in prehistoric societies. The pancake's shape and structure varies worldwide. A
crêpe is a thin Breton pancake cooked on one or both sides in a
special pan or crepe maker to achieve a lacelike network of fine
bubbles. A well-known variation originating in Southeast Europe
is Palačinke, a thin moist pancake fried on both sides and filled
with jam, cheese cream, chocolate, or ground walnuts, but many
other fillings, both sweet or savory, can also be used.
50
Section 4
Banana, Raspberry And Ricotta Cheesecake
A really quick and easy cheesecake recipe that's lower in fat.
Ingredients
Photo courtesy of Tesco
8 Plain Digestive Biscuits, crushed
2 tbsp of Honey
250 g Ricotta Cheese
200 g Cream Cheese
2 Ripe Bananas
a squeeze of Lemon Juice
1 punnet of Raspberries, lightly crushed,
plus extra to serve
Mint Sprigs, to decorate
Icing Sugar, to serve
Yield: 6-8 portions
Prep Time: 20 mins
Cooking Time: 1 hr
Skill Level: Easy
51
1. Place the crushed biscuits in a saucepan with the honey
and heat through, stirring, until the honey has melted
and mixed evenly with the biscuit crumbs.
2. Empty the mixture into a greased, 17cm spring-form tin
or deep sided foil pie dish and pack it down well with
the back of a spoon to give a firm even layer. Chill in
the fridge while you make the filling.
3. Beat the two cheeses together. Peel and mash the bananas in a mixing bowl with the squeeze of lemon juice,
add the cheese mixture and beat together with a
wooden spoon.
4.Fold in the raspberries. Spoon the cheese, banana and
raspberry mixture over the biscuit base and spread
evenly.
5. Refrigerate for 1 hour before serving. Decorate with
some more raspberries, icing sugar and mint sprigs if
you wish.
Wiki Fact
Ricotta is an Italian whey cheese made from sheep (or
cow, goat, or Italian water buffalo) milk whey left over
from the production of cheese.
Like other whey cheeses, it is made by coagulating the
keratin proteins that remain after the casein has been
used to make cheese, notably albumin and globulin. Thus,
ricotta can be eaten by persons with casein intolerance.
Ricotta (literally meaning "recooked") uses whey, the liquid that remains after straining curds when making
cheese. Most of the milk protein (especially casein) is removed when cheese is made, but some protein remains in
the whey, mostly albumin. This remaining protein can be
harvested if the whey is first allowed to become more
acidic by additional fermentation (by letting it sit for 12–
24 hours at room temperature). Then the acidified whey
is heated to near boiling. The combination of low pH and
high temperature denatures the protein and causes it to
precipitate out, forming a fine curd. Once cooled, the
curd is separated by passing through a fine cloth.
52
Section 5
Basil And Raspberry Brulée
A delicious raspberry brulée infused with basil. Works with most berries, fresh are best but frozen do work.
Ingredients
Photo courtesy of BBC Good Food
450 ml Double Cream
1 pkt Basil, leaves and stalks roughly torn
4 medium size Egg Yolks
1 tbsp Caster Sugar
1 tsp Cornflour, blended with a little water
125 g punnet Raspberries, washed
2 tbsp Demerara Sugar
Yield: 4 portions
Prep Time: 40 mins
Cooking Time: 15 mins
Skill Level: Easy
53
1. Gently warm the cream in a heavy based pan until
bubbles appear at the edge, do not allow it to boil. Remove from the heat and infuse with the torn basil
leaves and stalks. For best results place in the refrigerator and leave overnight.
2. To continue making the brulée, gently reheat the cream
again, (until bubbles appear around the edge). Meanwhile, beat the egg yolks with the caster sugar in a large
heat proof bowl until creamy.
3. Pour the infused cream through a sieve onto the egg
yolks, stirring all the time. Stir in the blended cornflour,
then place the bowl over a saucepan of boiling water
and heat gently, stirring continuously for about 10 minutes or until the custard thickens.
4.Divide the custard into 4 small ramekin dishes or a
large shallow heatproof dish. Sprinkle the raspberries
over, letting them find their own level. Leave to cool,
then refrigerate for at least 1 hour or until required.
Wiki Fact
The earliest known reference to crème brûlée as it is
known today appears in François Massialot's 1691 cookbook, and the French name was used in the English translation of this book, but the 1731 edition of Massialot's
Cuisinier roial et bourgeois changed the name of the
same recipe from "crème brûlée" to "crème anglaise". In
the early eighteenth century, the dessert was called "burnt
cream" in English.
In Britain, a version of crème brûlée (known locally as
"Trinity Cream" or "Cambridge burnt cream") was introduced at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1879 with the college arms "impressed on top of the cream with a branding
iron". The story goes that the recipe was from an Aberdeenshire country house and was offered by an undergraduate to the college cook, who turned it down. However, when the student became a Fellow, he managed to
convince the cook.
5. Preheat the grill to a high heat. Sprinkle the demerara
sugar over the brulées, making sure the edges are covered and grill until the sugar bubbles and caramelises.
Serve immediately or refrigerate until required.
54
Chapter 4
Snacks & Bakes
Some items that are sweet treats
that are fun to make and even
better to eat.
Section 1
Easter Bunny Biscuits
Ingredients
250 g Butter, softened
150 g Caster Sugar
1 medium Egg Yolk
2 tsp Vanilla Extract
375 g Plain Flour
Icing Sugar, to dust and fix decorations
Chocolate Drops and Mini Marshmallows
Yield: 24 portions
Prep Time: 40 mins
Cooking Time: 7 mins
Skill Level: Easy
56
1. Put the butter, sugar, egg yolk and vanilla extract in a
large bowl and beat together using a wooden spoon or a
hand mixer.
2. Whisk in the flour – the mixture will start coming
together. Using your hands, bring the mixture together
and knead to make a smooth, firm dough. Wrap in clingfilm or pop in a plastic food bag and chill in the fridge
for at least 30 minutes.
3. Grease 2 baking sheets. Preheat the oven to 190°C, fan
170°C, gas 5. Dust a clean surface with icing sugar and
roll out the pastry to the thickness of a pound coin. Use
a rabbit-shaped stencil or cutter to cut out the biscuits.
Re-roll dough to use up scraps.
4.Put biscuits onto the baking sheets and cook for 6-7
minutes or until lightly golden. Leave to cool on the
baking sheets for a few seconds then use a spatula to
transfer to a cooling rack. Leave to cool completely.
The biscuits will harden during cooling.
5. Mix a small amount of icing sugar with water and use
this to stick on chocolate drops for the bunnies’ eyes
and mini marshmallows as fluffy tails.
Wiki Fact
Easter eggs are specially decorated eggs given out to celebrate the Easter holiday. The custom of the Easter egg
originated in the early Christian community of Mesopotamia, who stained eggs red in memory of the blood of
Christ, shed at his crucifixion. In later traditions the egg
is also a symbol of the empty tomb. The oldest tradition
is to use dyed chicken eggs, but a modern custom is to
substitute eggs made from chocolate, or plastic eggs filled
with candy such as jellybeans.
Many Americans follow the tradition of coloring hardboiled eggs and giving baskets of candy. The Easter Bunny
is a popular legendary anthropomorphic Easter gift-giving
character analogous to Santa Claus in American culture.
On Easter Monday, the President of the United States
holds an annual Easter egg roll on the White House lawn
for young children.
Easter eggs are a widely popular symbol of new life in Poland and other Slavic countries' folk traditions. A batiklike decorating process known as pisanka produces intricate, brilliantly-colored eggs. The celebrated House of Fabergé workshops created exquisite jewelled eggs for the
Russian Imperial Court.
57
Section 2
Welsh Cakes
Ingredients
300 g Plain Flour
1 1⁄2 tsp Baking Powder
120 g Sugar
1⁄4 tsp Nutmeg (or Allspice)
1⁄8 tsp Salt
170 g Butter
100 g Sultanas
2 Eggs, beaten
60 ml Milk
Yield: 10 portions
Prep Time: 15 mins
Cooking Time: 10 mins
Skill Level: Easy
58
1. In large bowl, sift flour, baking powder, sugar, nutmeg
& salt. Mix well.
2. Cut in butter & blend into dry ingredients until the mixture appears like coarse breadcrumbs. Add sultanas,
beaten eggs & milk and then mix into soft dough.
3. Turn out onto lightly floured surface, roll out gently
(will be a soft dough) to about 1⁄2cm thick. Cut out pancakes using a 6cm cutter.
4.Preheat electric griddle pan to 180’ c or heat a heavy
non-stick frying pan to medium heat.
5. Lightly grease griddle or pan with a knob of butter.
6. Place cakes on griddle and allow to cook for 2 -3 minutes or until golden. Flip over to cook the other side.
7. You can add a sprinkle of sugar at this point, if desired.
Place on plate to cool and serve warm.
Wiki Fact
Welsh cakes or pics are traditional in Wales. Similar small
cakes are made in other regions of the UK.
The cakes are also known as bakestones within Wales because they are traditionally cooked on a bakestone, a cast
iron griddle about 1.5 cm or more thick which is placed
on the fire or cooker; on rare occasions, people may refer
to them as griddle scones.
Welsh cakes are made from flour, sultanas, raisins, and/or
currants, and may also include such spices as cinnamon
and nutmeg. They are roughly circular, a few inches (7-8
cm) in diameter and about half an inch (1–1.5 cm) thick.
Welsh cakes are served hot or cold dusted with caster
sugar. Unlike scones, they are not usually eaten with an accompaniment, though they are sometimes sold ready split
and spread with jam, and they are sometimes buttered
59
Section 3
Vanilla Cupcakes
Ingredients
400 g Plain Flour
490 g Caster Sugar
1.5 tbsp Baking Powder
135 g Butter, softened
400 ml Full Fat Milk
3 Eggs
1 tsp Vanilla Essence
Frosting
500 g Icing Sugar
155 g Butter, softened
4 tbsp Milk
1 tsp Vanilla Essence
Yield: 24 portions
Prep Time: 20 mins
Cooking Time: 20 mins
Skill Level: Easy
60
1. Put flour, sugar, baking powder and butter together in a
mixing machine. Beat until a sandy consistency. You can
use a spoon and bowl for this.
2. Add 1⁄2 the milk, beat until slowly incorporated.
3. Whisk the eggs, vanilla and remaining milk together.
Slowly add this to the mix until incorporated and
smooth.
4.Place equal amounts into 24 cases.
5. Bake until cooked, approx 20-25 minutes at 170'c
6. While baking make the frosting, beat together the softened butter with the icing sugar.
7. Add the milk and essence until the right consistency is
achieved, (you may add a little more icing sugar if too
soft).
8. When the cakes are ready, remove from oven and leave
until completely cool.
Wiki Fact
The first mention of the cupcake can be traced as far back as
1796, when a recipe notation of "a cake to be baked in small
cups" was written in American Cookery by Amelia Simmons.
The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in
"Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry, Cakes, and Sweetmeats" in
1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook.
In the early 19th century, there were two different uses for the
name cup cake or cupcake. In previous centuries, before muffin
tins were widely available, the cakes were often baked in individual pottery cups, ramekins, or molds and took their name from
the cups they were baked in. This is the use of the name that has
remained, and the name of "cupcake" is now given to any small
cake that is about the size of a teacup. While English fairy cakes
vary in size more than American cupcakes, they are traditionally
smaller and are rarely topped with elaborate icing.
The other kind of "cup cake" referred to a cake whose ingredients were measured by volume, using a standard-sized cup, instead of being weighed. Recipes whose ingredients were measured using a standard-sized cup could also be baked in cups; however, they were more commonly baked in tins as layers or loaves.
9. Pipe or spread the frosting on each cake with a knife,
you can add sprinkles while soft.
61
Section 4
Carrot Cupcakes
Ingredients
150 g Soft Brown Sugar
2 Eggs
150 ml Sunflower Oil
150 g Self Raising Flour, sifted
1⁄2 tsp of Bicarbonate of Soda
1⁄2 tsp of Ground Cinnamon
1⁄4 tsp of Ground Ginger
1⁄4 tsp of Salt
a drop (or two) of Vanilla Extract
150 g Carrots, grated
50 g Chopped Walnuts
For The Cream Cheese Icing
300 g Icing Sugar, sifted
50 g Unsalted Butter
125 g Cream Cheese
Yield: 24 portions
Prep Time: 20 mins
Cooking Time: 20 mins
Skill Level: Easy
62
1. Preheat the oven to 170C / fan 150C / Gas mark 3. Put
12 cupcake cases into a 12 hole cupcake tray.
Wiki Fact
Fun with cupcakes.......
2. Beat together the eggs, sugar and sunflower oil, until
well combined. Slowly mix in the self raising flour, bicarbonate of soda, cinnamon, ginger, salt and vanilla extract. Beat the mixture until smooth.
3. Fold in the carrots and walnuts (and the banana or sultanas) and spoon into cupcake cases until 2⁄3 – 3⁄4 full.
4.Bake in the preheated oven for 20-25 minutes. Leave
the cakes to cool in the tin for a few minutes, before
transferring to a wire cooling rack.
5. Once cool, make the cream cheese frosting. Beat together the room temperature butter with the cream
cheese, slowly add the sifted icing sugar.
6. Spread the icing over each cake, decorating with some
cinnamon or chopped walnuts if you wish.
63
Chapter 5
Food Safety
Food safety scares are being
reported more often these days, Its
still a proven fact that we cause
ourselves more illness by bad
practices at home. This section sets
out some basic rules to help you
prepare, store and serve food safely
at home.
The Four Basic Rules to Food Safety
Cook
Cook to the right temperature:
Clean
Wash hands and surfaces often:
Did you know that the bacteria that cause food poisoning multiply quickest in the “Danger Zone” between 5˚ & 62˚ C(elsius) ?
And while many people think they can tell when food is “done”
simply by checking its color and texture, there’s no way to be
sure it’s safe without following a few important but simple steps.
Illness-causing bacteria can survive in many places around your
kitchen, including your hands, utensils, and cutting boards.
Unless you wash your hands, utensils, and surfaces the right way,
you could spread bacteria to your food, and your family.
Wash hands the right way—for 20 seconds with soap and running water.
Wash surfaces and utensils after each use. Use a sanitiser.
Wash fruits and veggies—but not meat, poultry, or eggs!
Use a food thermometer. Make sure the core (middle) temperature reaches a minimum of 65’C, (75’C is the safest for high risk
items).
Keep food hot after cooking (at 60’C or above).
Microwave food thoroughly (to 75’C).
Separate
Don’t cross-contaminate:
Chill
Refrigerate promptly:
Even after you’ve cleaned your hands and surfaces thoroughly,
raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs can still spread illnesscausing bacteria to ready-to-eat foods—unless you keep them
separate.
But which foods need to be kept separate, and how?
Did you know that illness-causing bacteria can grow in perishable foods within two hours unless you refrigerate them? (And if
the air temperature is 32 ˚C or higher during the summer, cut
that time down to one hour!)
Use separate cutting boards and plates for produce and for meat,
poultry, seafood, and eggs.
Keep meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs separate from all other
foods at the grocery store.
Keep meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs separate from all other
foods in the fridge.
Refrigerate perishable foods within two hours.
Never thaw or marinate foods on the counter.
Know when to throw food out.
Want to know more......Go here
http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/index.html
65
Special Thanks
This book was compiled by the chefs at UWE, we would like to give thanks to all who contributed and to BBCGoodFood and The Food
Channel websites for some of the recipes. Wikipedia for its facts and stories.
We would also like to thank the students who attended the cookery demonstrations we held during term time, as your support makes the
demos worthwhile.
Also a big thank you to the Healthy University Group who’s constant support helps drive us to do more and better projects to help support
the staff and students at UWE.
Useful Links
Feel Good Home Page-http://www1.uwe.ac.uk/whatson/feelgood
Hospitality Home Page-http://www.uwe.ac.uk/hsv/hospitality/catering/index.shtml
(full of information about opening times of our outlets, cookery demos and supply chain)
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