Документация 914166_redlab_201208ls_en

Документация 914166_redlab_201208ls_en
RedLab 1208LS
USB-based
Analog and Digital I/O Module
User's Guide
Document Revision 1.4 E, January, 2008
© Copyright 2008, Meilhaus Electronic
Imprint
User’s Guide RedLab® Series
Document Revision 1.4 E
Revision Date: January 2008
Meilhaus Electronic GmbH
Fischerstraße 2
D-82178 Puchheim near Munich, Germany
http://www.meilhaus.de
© Copyright 2008 Meilhaus Electronic GmbH
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted, in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, by photocopying, recording, or
otherwise without the prior written permission of Meilhaus Electronic GmbH.
Important note:
All the information included in this user’s guide were put together with utmost care and to best
knowledge. However, mistakes may not have been erased completely.
For this reason, the firm Meilhaus Electronic GmbH feels obliged to point out that they cannot be take
on neither any warranty (apart from the claims for warranty as agreed) nor legal responsibility or
liability for consequences caused by incorrect instructions.
We would appreciate it if you inform us about any possible mistakes.
The trademark Personal Measurement Device, TracerDAQ, Universal Library, InstaCal, Harsh
Environment Warranty, Measurement Computing Corporation, and the Measurement Computing logo
are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Measurement Computing Corporation.
Windows, Microsoft, and Visual Studio are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation.
LabVIEW is a trademark of National Instruments.
CompactFlash is a registered trademark of SanDisk Corporation.
XBee is a trademark of MaxStream, Inc.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
3
Table of Contents
Preface
About this User's Guide .......................................................................................................................6
What you will learn from this user's guide .........................................................................................................6
Conventions in this user's guide .........................................................................................................................6
Where to find more information .........................................................................................................................6
Chapter 1
Introducing the RedLab 1208LS ..........................................................................................................7
RedLab 1208LS block diagram ..........................................................................................................................8
Software features ................................................................................................................................................8
Connecting a RedLab 1208LS to your computer is easy....................................................................................9
Chapter 2
Installing the RedLab 1208LS ............................................................................................................10
What comes with your RedLab 1208LS shipment?..........................................................................................10
Hardware .........................................................................................................................................................................10
Additional documentation................................................................................................................................................10
Unpacking the RedLab 1208LS........................................................................................................................11
Installing the software ......................................................................................................................................11
Installing the hardware .....................................................................................................................................11
Chapter 3
Functional Details ...............................................................................................................................13
Theory of operation - analog input acquisition modes .....................................................................................13
Software paced mode.......................................................................................................................................................13
Continuous scan mode .....................................................................................................................................................13
Burst scan mode...............................................................................................................................................................13
External components ........................................................................................................................................14
USB connector.................................................................................................................................................................14
LED .................................................................................................................................................................................14
Screw terminal wiring......................................................................................................................................................15
Main connector and pin out .............................................................................................................................................16
Analog input terminals (CH0 IN - CH7 IN).....................................................................................................................17
Digital I/O terminals (Port A0 to A7, and Port B0 to B7)................................................................................................19
Power terminals ...............................................................................................................................................................20
Ground terminals .............................................................................................................................................................21
Calibration terminal .........................................................................................................................................................21
Trigger terminal ...............................................................................................................................................................21
Counter terminal ..............................................................................................................................................................21
Accuracy...........................................................................................................................................................21
RedLab 1208LS channel gain queue feature ....................................................................................................24
Chapter 4
Specifications......................................................................................................................................26
Analog output ...................................................................................................................................................27
Digital input/output...........................................................................................................................................28
External trigger .................................................................................................................................................28
Counter .............................................................................................................................................................28
Non-volatile memory........................................................................................................................................28
Power................................................................................................................................................................29
General .............................................................................................................................................................29
Environmental ..................................................................................................................................................29
4
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Mechanical .......................................................................................................................................................29
Main connector and pin out ..............................................................................................................................29
4-channel differential mode .............................................................................................................................................30
8-channel single-ended mode...........................................................................................................................................30
5
Preface
About this User's Guide
What you will learn from this user's guide
This user's guide explains how to install, configure, and use the RedLab 1208LS so that you get the most out of
its USB data acquisition features.
This user's guide also refers you to related documents available on our web site, and to technical support
resources that can also help you get the most out of the RedLab 1208LS.
Conventions in this user's guide
For more information on …
Text presented in a box signifies additional information and helpful hints related to the subject matter you are
reading.
Caution! Shaded caution statements present information to help you avoid injuring yourself and others,
damaging your hardware, or losing your data.
<#:#>
Angle brackets that enclose numbers separated by a colon signify a range of numbers, such as those assigned
to registers, bit settings, etc.
bold text
Bold text is used for the names of objects on the screen, such as buttons, text boxes, and check boxes. For
example:
1. Insert the disk or CD and click the OK button.
italic text
Italic text is used for the names of manuals and help topic titles, and to emphasize a word or phrase. For
example:
The InstaCal installation procedure is explained in the Quick Start Guide.
Never touch the exposed pins or circuit connections on the board.
Where to find more information
The following electronic documents provide helpful information relevant to the operation of the RedLab
1208LS.
ƒ
The Quick Start Guide is available on our RedLab CD in the root directory.
ƒ
The Guide to Signal Connections is available on our RedLab CD under „ICalUL\Documents“.
ƒ
The Universal Library User's Guide is available on our RedLab CD under „ICalUL\Documents“.
ƒ
The Universal Library Function Reference is available on our RedLab CD under „ICalUL\Documents“.
ƒ
The Universal Library for LabVIEW™ User’s Guide is available on our RedLab CD under
„ICalUL\Documents“.
6
Chapter 1
Introducing the RedLab 1208LS
This user's guide contains all of the information you need to connect the RedLab 1208LS to your computer and
to the signals you want to measure.
The RedLab 1208LS is a USB 1.1 low-speed device supported under popular Microsoft® Windows® operating
systems. It is designed for USB 1.1 ports, and was tested for full compatibility with both USB 1.1 and USB 2.0
ports.
The RedLab 1208LS features eight analog inputs, two 10-bit analog outputs, 16 digital I/O connections, and one
32-bit external event counter. The RedLab 1208LS is powered by the +5 volt USB supply from your computer.
No external power is required.
The RedLab 1208LS analog inputs are software configurable for either eight 11-bit single-ended inputs, or four
12-bit differential inputs. An on-board industry standard 82C55 programmable peripheral interface chip
provides the 16 digital I/O lines in two 8-bit ports. You can configure each digital port independently for either
input or output.
The RedLab 1208LS is shown in Figure 1. I/O connections are made to the screw terminals located along each
side of the RedLab 1208LS.
Figure 1. RedLab 1208LS
7
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Introducing the RedLab 1208LS
RedLab 1208LS block diagram
RedLab 1208LS functions are illustrated in the block diagram shown here.
USB1.1
Compliant
Interface
Analog Input
8 SE (11-bit ) channels
or
4 Diff. (12-bit ) channels
USB
Microcontroller
Analog Output
10-bit
2 channels
82C55 DIO
32-bit
Event Counter
1 channel
Port
A
Port
B
8
8
2
1
8
Screw terminal I/O connector
Figure 2. RedLab 1208LS Functional block diagram
Software features
For information on the features of InstaCal and the other software included with your RedLab 1208LS, refer to
the Quick Start Guide that shipped with your device. The Quick Start Guide is also available in PDF on our
RedLab CD (root directory).
8
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Introducing the RedLab 1208LS
Connecting a RedLab 1208LS to your computer is easy
Installing a data acquisition device has never been easier.
ƒ
The RedLab 1208LS relies upon the Microsoft Human Interface Device (HID) class drivers. The HID class
drivers ship with every copy of Windows that is designed to work with USB ports. We use the Microsoft
HID because it is a standard, and its performance delivers full control and maximizes data transfer rates for
your RedLab 1208LS. No third-party device driver is required.
ƒ
The RedLab 1208LS is plug-and-play. There are no jumpers to position, DIP switches to set, or interrupts
to configure.
ƒ
You can connect the RedLab 1208LS before or after you install the software, and without powering down
your computer first. When you connect an HID to your system, your computer automatically detects it and
configures the necessary software. You can connect and power multiple HID peripherals to your system
using a USB hub.
ƒ
You can connect your system to various devices using a standard four-wire cable. The USB connector
replaces the serial and parallel port connectors with one standardized plug and port combination.
ƒ
You do not need a separate power supply module. The USB automatically delivers the electrical power
required by each peripheral connected to your system.
ƒ
Data can flow two ways between a computer and peripheral over USB connections.
9
Chapter 2
Installing the RedLab 1208LS
What comes with your RedLab 1208LS shipment?
As you unpack your RedLab 1208LS, verify that the following components are included.
Hardware
ƒ
RedLab 1208LS
ƒ
USB cable (2 meter length)
Additional documentation
In addition to this hardware user's guide, you should also receive the Quick Start Guide (available on our
RedLab CD (root directory)). This booklet supplies a brief description of the software you received with your
RedLab 1208LS and information regarding installation of that software. Please read this booklet completely
before installing any software or hardware.
10
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Installing the RedLab 1208LS
Unpacking the RedLab 1208LS
As with any electronic device, you should take care while handling to avoid damage from static
electricity. Before removing the RedLab 1208LS from its packaging, ground yourself using a wrist strap or by
simply touching the computer chassis or other grounded object to eliminate any stored static charge.
If your RedLab 1208LS is damaged, notify Meilhaus Electronic immediately by phone, fax, or e-mail. For
international customers, contact your local distributor where you purchased the RedLab 1208LS.
ƒ
Phone: +49 (0) 89/8901660
ƒ
Fax: +49 (0) 89/89016628
ƒ
E-Mail: [email protected]
Installing the software
Refer to the Quick Start Guide for instructions on installing the software Guide (available on our RedLab CD
(root directory)).
Installing the hardware
Be sure you are using the latest system software
Before you connect the RedLab 1208LS, make sure that you are using the latest versions of the USB drivers.
Before installing the RedLab 1208LS, download and install the latest Microsoft Windows updates. In particular,
when using Windows XP, make sure you have XP Hotfix KB822603 installed. This update is intended to
address a serious error in Usbport.sys when you operate a USB device. You can run Windows Update or
download the update from www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=733dd867-56a0-4956-b7fee85b688b7f86&displaylang=en. For more information, refer to the Microsoft Knowledge Base article
"Availability of the Windows XP SP1 USB 1.1 and 2.0 update." This article is available at
support.microsoft.com/?kbid=822603.
To connect the RedLab 1208LS to your system, turn your computer on, and connect the USB cable to a USB
port on your computer or to an external USB hub that is connected to your computer. The USB cable provides
power and communication to the RedLab 1208LS.
When you connect the RedLab 1208LS for the first time, a Found New Hardware popup balloon (Windows
XP) or dialog (other Windows versions) opens as the RedLab 1208LS is detected by your computer.
Another Found New Hardware balloon or dialog opens after the first closes that identifies the RedLab 1208LS
as a USB Human Interface Device.
When this balloon or dialog closes, the installation is complete. The LED on the RedLab 1208LS should flash
and then remain lit. This indicates that communication is established between the RedLab 1208LS and your
computer.
11
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Installing the RedLab 1208LS
Caution! Do not disconnect any device from the USB bus while the computer is communicating with the
RedLab 1208LS, or you may lose data and/or your ability to communicate with the RedLab 1208LS.
If the LED turns off
If the LED is illuminated but then turns off, the computer has lost communication with the RedLab 1208LS. To
restore communication, disconnect the USB cable from the computer, and then reconnect it. This should restore
communication, and the LED should turn back on.
12
Chapter 3
Functional Details
Theory of operation - analog input acquisition modes
The RedLab 1208LS can acquire analog input data in three different modes – software paced, continuous scan,
and burst scan.
Software paced mode
In software paced mode, you can acquire one analog sample at a time. You initiate the A/D conversion by
calling a software command. The analog value is converted to digital and returned to the computer. You can
repeat this procedure until you have the total number of samples that you want from one channel.
Software pacing is limited by the 20 mS round-trip requirement of a USB interrupt-type endpoint operation.
The maximum throughput sample rate in software paced mode is 50 S/s.
Continuous scan mode
In continuous scan mode, you can acquire data from up to eight channels. The analog data is continuously
acquired, converted to digital values, and written to an on-board FIFO buffer until you stop the scan. The FIFO
buffer is serviced in blocks as the data is transferred from the RedLab 1208LS to the memory buffer on your
computer.
The maximum continuous scan rate of 1.2 kS/s is an aggregate rate. The total acquisition rate for all channels
cannot exceed 1.2 kS/s. You can acquire data from one channel at 1.2 kS/s, two channels at 600 S/s and four
channels at 300 S/s. You can start a continuous scan with either a software command or with an external
hardware trigger event.
Burst scan mode
In burst scan mode, you can acquire data using the full capacity of the RedLab 1208LS 4 k sample FIFO. You
can initiate a single acquisition sequence of up to 4096 samples channels by either a software command or an
external hardware trigger. The captured data is then read from the FIFO and transferred to a user buffer in the
host PC.
Burst scans are limited to the depth of the on-board memory, as the data is acquired at a rate faster than it can be
transferred to the computer. The maximum sampling rate is an aggregate rate. The maximum rates that you can
acquire data using burst scan mode is 8 kS/s divided by the number of channels in the scan.
13
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
External components
The RedLab 1208LS has the following external components, as shown in
Figure 3.
ƒ
USB connector
ƒ
LED
ƒ
Screw terminal banks (2)
LED
Screw terminal
Pins 1 to 20
Screw terminal
Pins 21 to 40
USB
Connector / cable
Figure 3. RedLab 1208LS external components
USB connector
The USB connector is on the right side of the RedLab 1208LS housing. This connector provides +5V power
and communication. The voltage supplied through the USB connector is system-dependent, and may be less
than 5V. No external power supply is required.
LED
The LED on the front of the housing indicates the communication status of the RedLab 1208LS. It uses up to 5
mA of current and cannot be disabled. The table below defines the function of the RedLab 1208LS LED.
LED illumination
When the LED is…
It indicates…
Steady green
Blinks continuously
Blinks three times
Blinks at a slow rate
The RedLab 1208LS is connected to a computer or external USB hub.
Data is being transferred.
Initial communication is established between the RedLab 1208LS and the computer.
The analog input is configured for external trigger. The LED stops blinking and illuminates
steady green when the trigger is received.
14
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
Screw terminal wiring
The RedLab 1208LS has two rows of screw terminals—one row on the top edge of the housing, and one row on
the bottom edge. Each row has 20 connections. Pin numbers are identified in Figure 4.
Pin 20
Pin 1
Pin 40
Pin 21
Figure 4. RedLab 1208LS Screw terminal pin numbers
Screw terminal – pins 1-20
The screw terminals on the top edge of the RedLab 1208LS (pins 1 to 20) provide the following connections:
ƒ
Eight analog input connections (CH0 IN to CH7 IN)
ƒ
Two analog output connections (D/A OUT 0 to D/A OUT 1)
ƒ
One external trigger source (TRIG_IN)
ƒ
One external event counter connection (CTR)
ƒ
Seven GND connections (GND)
ƒ
One calibration terminal (CAL)
Screw terminal – pins 21-40
The screw terminals on the bottom edge of the (pins 21 to 40) provide the following connections:
ƒ
16 digital I/O connections (PortA0 to Port A7, and Port B0 to Port B7)
ƒ
One power connection (PC+5 V)
ƒ
Three ground connections (GND)
15
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
GND
Port B7
Port B6
Port B5
Port B4
Port B3
Port B2
Port B1
Port B0
GND
PC+5V
GND
Port A7
Port A6
Port A5
Port A4
Port A3
Port A2
Port A1
Port A0
GND
Port B7
Port B6
Port B5
Port B4
Port B3
Port B2
Port B1
Port B0
GND
PC+5V
GND
Port A7
Port A6
Port A5
Port A4
Port A3
Port A2
Port A1
Port A0
CTR
GND
TRIG_IN
GND
CAL
GND
D/A OUT 1
D/A OUT 0
GND
CH3 IN LO
CH3 IN HI
GND
CH2 IN LO
CH2 IN HI
GND
CH1 IN LO
CH1 IN HI
GND
CH0 IN LO
CH0 IN HI
CTR
GND
TRIG_IN
GND
CAL
GND
D/A OUT 1
D/A OUT 0
GND
CH7 IN
CH6 IN
GND
CH5 IN
CH4 IN
GND
CH3 IN
CH2 IN
GND
CH1 IN
CH0 IN
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Connector type
Wire gauge range
Functional Details
Main connector and pin out
Screw terminal
16 AWG to 30 AWG
4-channel differential mode pin out
8-channel single-ended mode pin out
16
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
Analog input terminals (CH0 IN - CH7 IN)
You can connect up to eight analog input connections to the screw terminal containing pins 1 to 20 (CH0 IN
through CH7 IN). Refer to the pinout diagrams on page 16 for the location of these pins.
You can configure the analog input channels as eight single-ended channels or four differential channels. When
configured for differential mode, each analog input has 12-bit resolution. When configured for single-ended
mode, each analog input has 11-bit resolution, due to restrictions imposed by the A/D converter.
Single-ended configuration
When all of the analog input channels are configured for single-ended input mode, eight analog channels are
available. The input signal is referenced to signal ground (GND), and delivered through two wires:
ƒ
The wire carrying the signal to be measured connects to CH# IN.
ƒ
The second wire connects to GND.
The input range for single-ended mode is ±10V. No other ranges are supported in single-ended mode. Figure 5
illustrates a typical single-ended measurement connection.
Pin 1
CH0
Pin 3
GND
Figure 5. Single-ended measurement connection
Single-ended measurements using differential channels
To perform a single-ended measurement using differential channels, connect the signal to "CHn IN HI" input,
and ground the associated "CHn IN LO" input.
Differential configuration
When all of the analog input channels are configured for differential input mode, four analog channels are
available. In differential mode, the input signal is measured with respect to the low input.
The input signal is delivered through three wires:
ƒ
The wire carrying the signal to be measured connects to CH0 IN HI, CH1 IN HI, CH2 IN HI, or CH3 IN
HI.
ƒ
The wire carrying the reference signal connects to CH0 IN LO, CH1 IN LO, CH2 IN LO, or CH3 IN LO.
ƒ
The third wire connects to GND.
17
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
A low-noise precision programmable gain amplifier (PGA) is available on differential channels to provide gains
of up to 20 and a dynamic range of up to 12-bits. Differential mode input voltage ranges are ±20 V, ±10 V,
±5 V, ±4 V, ±2.5 V, ±2.0 V, 1.25 V, and ±1.0 V.
In differential mode, the following two requirements must be met for linear operation:
ƒ
Any analog input must remain in the −10V to +20V range with respect to ground at all times.
ƒ
The maximum differential voltage on any given analog input pair must remain within the selected voltage
range.
The input [common-mode voltage + signal] of the differential channel must be in the
−10 V to +20 V range in order to yield a useful result. For example, you input a 4 V pp sine wave to CHHI, and
apply the same sine wave 180° out of phase to CHLO. The common mode voltage is 0 V. The differential input
voltage swings from 4 V-(-4 V) = 8 V to -4 V-4 V = -8V. Both inputs satisfy the -10 V to +20 V input range
requirement, and the differential voltage is suited for the ±10 V input range (see Figure 6).
+4V
CHHI
Measured Signal
0V
-4V
+/-8V
8V Differential
+4V
CHLO
-4V
Figure 6. Differential voltage example: common mode voltage of 0 V
If you increase the common mode voltage to 11 V, the differential remains at ±8 V. Although the [commonmode voltage + signal] on each input now has a range of +7 V to +15 V, both inputs still satisfy the -10 V to
+20 V input requirement (see Figure 7).
+15V
CHHI
Measured Signal
+11V
+/-8V
8V Differential
CHLO
+11V
+7V
Figure 7. Differential voltage example: common mode voltage of 11V
If you decrease the common-mode voltage to -7 V, the differential stays at ±8 V. However, the solution now
violates the input range condition of -10 V to +20 V. The voltage on each analog input now swings from -3V to
-11V. Voltages between -10 V and -3 V are resolved, but those below -10 V are clipped (see Figure 8).
18
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
-3V
CHHI
-7V
Measured Signal
3V
-11V
+/-7V
8V Differential
-3V
CHLO -7V
-11V
Figure 8. Differential voltage example: common mode voltage of -7 V
Since the analog inputs are restricted to a −10 V to +20 V signal swing with respect to ground, all ranges except
±20V can realize a linear output for any differential signal with zero common mode voltage and full scale signal
inputs. The ±20 V range is the exception. You cannot put −20 V on CHHI and 0 V on CHLO since this violates
the input range criteria.
The table below shows some possible inputs and the expected results.
Table 3-1. Sample inputs and differential results
CHHI
CHLO
Result
-20 V
-15 V
-10 V
-10 V
0V
0V
+10 V
+10 V
+15 V
+20 V
0V
+5 V
0V
+10 V
+10 V
+20 V
-10 V
0V
-5 V
0
Invalid
Invalid
-10 V
-20 V
-10 V
-20 V
+20 V
+10 V
+20 V
+20 V
For more information on analog signal connections
For more information on single-ended and differential inputs, refer to the Guide to Signal Connections (this
document is available on our RedLab CD (root directory))
Digital I/O terminals (Port A0 to A7, and Port B0 to B7)
You can connect up to 16 digital I/O lines to the screw terminal containing pins 21 to 40 (Port A0 to Port A7,
and Port B0 to Port B7.) Refer to the pinout diagrams on page 16 for the location of these pins. You can
configure each digital port for either input or output.
When you configure the digital bits for input, you can use the digital I/O terminals to detect the state of any
TTL level input. Refer to the switch shown in Figure9 and the schematic shown in Figure 10. If the switch is set
to the +5 V input, Port A0 reads TRUE (1). If you move the switch to GND, Port A0 reads FALSE.
19
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
Pin 40
GND
Pin 30
PC +5 V)
Pin 21
Port A0
Figure9. Digital connection Port A0 detecting the state of a switch
Port A0
+GND
+5V
Figure 10. Schematic showing switch detection by digital channel Port A0
For more information on digital signal connections
For more information on digital signal connections and digital I/O techniques, refer to the Guide to Signal
Connections (available on our web site at www.mccdaq.com/signals/signals.pdf).
Power terminals
The PC +5 V connection (pin 30) is on the bottom screw terminal of the RedLab 1208LS. Refer to the pinout
diagrams on page 16 for the location of this pin. This terminal draws power from the USB connector. The +5 V
screw terminal is a 5 volt output that is supplied by the host computer.
Caution! The +5V terminal is an output. Do not connect to an external power supply or you may damage
the RedLab 1208LS and possibly the computer.
The maximum total output current that can be drawn from all RedLab 1208LS connections (power, analog and
digital outputs) is 500 mA. This maximum applies to most personal computers and self-powered USB hubs.
Bus-powered hubs and notebook computers may limit the maximum available output current to 100 mA.
Just connecting the RedLab 1208LS to your computer draws 20 mA of current from the USB +5 V supply.
Once you start running applications with the RedLab 1208LS, each DIO bit can draw up to 2.5 mA, and each
analog output can draw 30 mA. The maximum amount of +5 V current available for experimental use, over and
above that required by the RedLab 1208LS, is the difference between the total current requirement of the USB
device (based on the application), and the allowed current draw of the PC platform (500 mA for desktop PCs
and self-powered hubs, or 100 mA for bus-powered hubs and notebook computers).
20
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
With all outputs at their maximum output current, you can calculate the total current requirement of the RedLab
1208LS USB +5 V as follows:
(RedLab 1208LS @ 20 mA) + (16 DIO @ 2.5 mA ea) + (2 AO @ 30 mA ea ) = 120 mA
For an application running on a PC or powered hub, the maximum available excess current is 500 mA−120 mA
= 380 mA. This number is the total maximum available current at the PC+5V screw terminals. Measurement
Computing highly recommends that you figure in a safety factor of 20% below this maximum current loading
for your applications. A conservative, safe user maximum in this case would be in the 300-320 mA range.
Since laptop computers typically allow up to 100 mA, the RedLab 1208LS in a fully-loaded configuration may
be above that allowed by the computer. In this case, you must determine the per-pin loading in the application
to ensure that the maximum loading criteria is met. The per-pin loading is calculated by simply dividing the
+5 V by the load impedance of the pin in question.
Ground terminals
The 10 ground (GND) connections are identical, and provide a common ground for all RedLab 1208LS
functions. Refer to the pinout diagrams on page 16 for the location of the GND terminal pins.
Calibration terminal
The CAL connection (pin 16) is an output you should use only to calibrate the RedLab 1208LS. Refer to the
pinout diagrams on page 16 for the location of this pin. Calibration of the RedLab 1208LS is softwarecontrolled via InstaCal.
Trigger terminal
The TRIG_IN connection (pin 18) is an external digital trigger input. You can configure this terminal with
software for either trigger high or trigger low.
Counter terminal
Pin 20 (CTR) is input to the 32-bit external event. Refer to the pinout diagrams on page 16 for the location of
this pin. The internal counter increments when the TTL levels transition from low to high. The counter can
count frequencies of up to 1 MHz.
Accuracy
The overall accuracy of any instrument is limited by the error components within the system. Quite often,
resolution is incorrectly used to quantify the performance of a measurement product. While "12-bits" or "1 part
in 4096" does indicate what can be resolved, it provides little insight into the quality of an absolute
measurement. Accuracy specifications describe the actual results that can be realized with a measurement
device.
There are three types of errors which affect the accuracy of a measurement system:
ƒ
offset
ƒ
gain
ƒ
nonlinearity.
The primary error sources in the RedLab 1208LS are offset and gain. Nonlinearity is small in the RedLab
1208LS, and is not significant as an error source with respect to offset and gain.
21
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
Figure 11 shows an ideal, error-free, RedLab 1208LS transfer function. The typical calibrated accuracy of the
RedLab 1208LS is range-dependent, as explained in the "Specifications" chapter of this document. We use a
±10 V range here as an example of what you can expect when performing a measurement in this range.
Input Voltage
+ FS
Output Code
0
2048
4095
-FS
Figure 11. Ideal ADC transfer function
The RedLab 1208LS offset error is measured at mid-scale. Ideally, a zero volt input should produce an output
code of 2048. Any deviation from this is an offset error. Figure 12 shows the RedLab 1208LS transfer function
with an offset error. The typical offset error specification on the ±10 V range is ±9.77 mV. Offset error affects
all codes equally by shifting the entire transfer function up or down along the input voltage axis.
22
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
The accuracy plots in Figure 12 are drawn for clarity and are not drawn to scale.
Input Voltage
+ FS
Ideal
2
Offset= 9.77mV
2048
0
Output Code
9.77mV
4095
Ac tual
-FS
Figure 12. ADC transfer function with offset error
Gain error is a change in the slope of the transfer function from the ideal, and is typically expressed as a
percentage of full-scale. Figure 13 shows the RedLab 1208LS transfer function with gain error. Gain error is
easily converted to voltage by multiplying the full-scale (FS) input by the error.
The accuracy plots in Figure 13 are drawn for clarity and are not drawn to scale.
Input Voltage
+ FS
Ideal
Gain error= + 0.2%, or + 20 mV
Gain error= -0.2%, or -20 mV
Actual
Output Code
0
2048
4095
-FS
Figure 13. ADC Transfer function with gain error
23
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
For example, the RedLab 1208LS exhibits a typical calibrated gain error of ±0.2% on all ranges. For the ±10 V
range, this would yield 10 V × ±0.002 = ±20 mV. This means that at full scale, neglecting the effect of offset for
the moment, the measurement would be within 20 mV of the actual value. Note that gain error is expressed as a
ratio. Values near ±FS are more affected from an absolute voltage standpoint than are values near mid-scale,
which see little or no voltage error.
Combining these two error sources in Figure 14, we have a plot of the error band of the RedLab 1208LS for the
±10 V range. This is a graphical version of the typical accuracy specification of the product.
The accuracy plots in Figure 14 are drawn for clarity and are not drawn to scale
Input Voltage
Ideal + 9.77mV + 20 mV
+ FS
Ideal
Ideal -(9.77mV + 20 mV)
9.77mV
Output Code
0
2048
4095
Ideal + 9.77mV + 20 mV
-FS
Ideal
Ideal -(9.77mV + 20 mV)
Figure 14. Error band plot
RedLab 1208LS channel gain queue feature
The RedLab 1208LS's channel gain queue feature allows you to set up a scan sequence with a unique perchannel gain setting and channel sequence.
The channel gain queue feature removes the restriction of using an ascending channel sequence at a fixed gain.
This feature creates a channel list which is written to local memory on the RedLab 1208LS. The channel list is
made up of a channel number and range setting. An example of a four-element list is shown in the table below.
Sample channel gain queue list
Element
Channel
Range
0
1
2
3
CH0
CH0
CH7
CH2
BIP10V
BIP5V
BIP10V
BIP1V
When a scan begins with the gain queue enabled, the RedLab 1208LS reads the first element, sets the
appropriate channel number and range, and then acquires a sample. The properties of the next element are then
retrieved, and another sample is acquired. This sequence continues until all elements in the gain queue have
been selected. When the end of the channel list is detected, the sequence returns to the first element in the list.
This sequence repeats until the specified number of samples is gathered. You must carefully match the gain to
the expected voltage range on the associated channel—otherwise, an over range condition can occur. Although
24
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Functional Details
this condition does not damage the RedLab 1208LS, it does produce a useless full-scale reading. It can also
introduce a long recovery time from saturation, which can affect the next measurement in the queue.
25
Chapter 4
Specifications
Typical for 25°C unless otherwise specified.
Specifications in italic text are guaranteed by design.
Analog input
Parameter
A/D converter type
Input voltage range for linear operation,
single-ended mode
Input common-mode voltage range for
linear operation, differential mode
Absolute maximum input voltage
Input current (Note 1)
Conditions
Specification
CHx to GND
Successive approximation type
±10 V max
CHx to GND
-10 V min, +20 V max
CHx to GND
Vin = +10 V
Vin = 0V
Vin = -10 V
±40V max
70µA typ
-12µA typ
-94µA typ
122K Ohms
8 single ended / 4 differential, software
selectable
±10V, G=2
±20V, G=1
±10V, G=2
±5V,
G=4
±4V,
G=5
±2.5V, G=8
±2.0V, G=10
±1.25V, G=16
±1.0V, G=20
Software selectable
50 S/s
1.2 kS/s
8 kS/s
Input impedance
Number of channels
Input ranges, single-ended mode
Input ranges, differential mode
Throughput
Channel gain queue
Resolution (Note 2)
CAL accuracy
Integral linearity error
Differential linearity error
Repeatability
CAL current
Trigger Source
Software paced
Continuous scan
Burst scan to 4 K
sample FIFO
Up to 8 elements
Differential
Single ended
CAL = 2.5V
Source
Sink
Software selectable
Software configurable channel, range, and gain.
12 bits, no missing codes
11 bits
±0.05% typ, ±0.25% max
±1 LSB typ
±0.5 LSB typ
±1 LSB typ
5 mA max
20 µA min, 200 nA typ
External digital: TRIG_IN
Note 1: Input current is a function of applied voltage on the analog input channels. For a given input voltage,
Vin, the input leakage is approximately equal to (8.181*Vin-12) µA.
Note 2: The AD7870 converter only returns 11-bits (0-2047 codes) in single-ended mode.
26
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Specifications
Table 1. Accuracy, differential mode
Range
Accuracy (LSB)
±20 V
±10 V
±5 V
±4 V
±2.5 V
±2 V
±1.25 V
±1 V
5.1
6.1
8.1
9.1
12.1
14.1
20.1
24.1
Table 2. Accuracy, single-ended mode
Range
Accuracy (LSB)
±10 V
4.0
Table 3. Accuracy components, differential mode - all values are (±)
Range
% of Reading
Gain Error at FS
(mV)
Offset (mV)
Accuracy at FS (mV)
±20 V
±10 V
±5 V
±4 V
±2.5 V
±2 V
±1.25 V
±1 V
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
40
20
10
8
5
4
2.5
2
9.766
9.766
9.766
9.766
9.766
9.766
9.766
9.766
49.766
29.766
19.766
17.766
14.766
13.766
12.266
11.766
Table 4. Accuracy components, single-ended mode - all values are (±)
Range
% of Reading
Gain Error at FS
(mV)
Offset (mV)
Accuracy at FS (mV)
±10 V
0.2
20
19.531
39.531
Analog output
Parameter
D/A converter type
Resolution
Maximum output range
Number of channels
Throughput
Power on and reset voltage
Maximum voltage (Note 3)
Output drive
Slew rate
Conditions
Specification
PWM
10-bits, 1 in 1024
0 -5 Volts
2 voltage output
100 S/s single channel mode
50 S/s dual channel mode
Initializes to 000h code
Vs
0.99 * Vs
0.98 * Vs
30 mA
0.14 V/mS typ
Software paced
No load
1 mA load
5 mA load
Each D/A OUT
Note 3: Vs is the USB bus +5V power. The maximum analog output voltage is equal to Vs at no-load. V is
system dependent and may be less than 5 volts.
27
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Specifications
Digital input/output
Digital type
Number of I/O
Configuration
Pull up/pull-down configuration
Input high voltage
Input low voltage
Output high voltage (IOH = -2.5 mA)
Output low voltage (IOL = 2.5 mA)
82C55
16 (Port A0 through A7, Port B0 through B7
2 banks of 8
All pins pulled up to Vs via 47K resistors (default). Positions available
for pull down to ground. Hardware selectable via zero ohm resistors as a
factory option.
2.0 V min, 5.5 V absolute max
0.8 V max, –0.5 V absolute min
3.0 V min
0.4 V max
External trigger
Parameter
Conditions
Specification
Trigger source (Note 4)
Trigger mode
External digital
Software selectable
Trigger latency
Trigger pulse width
Input high voltage
Input low voltage
Input leakage current
Burst
Burst
TRIG_IN
Level sensitive: user configurable for
TTL level high or low input.
25 µs min, 50 µs max
40 µs min
3.0 V min, 15.0 V absolute max
0.8 V max
±1.0 µA
Note 4: TRIG_IN is protected with a 1.5KOhm series resistor.
Counter
Counter type
Number of channels
Input source
Input type
Resolution
Schmidt trigger hysteresis
Input leakage current
Maximum input frequency
High pulse width
Low pulse width
Input low voltage
Input high voltage
Event counter
1
CTR screw terminal
TTL, rising edge triggered
32 bits
20 mV to 100 mV
±1 µA
1 MHz
500 ns min
500 ns min
0 V min, 1.0 V max
4.0 V min, 15.0 V max
Non-volatile memory
Memory size
Memory configuration
8192 bytes
Address Range
Access
Description
0x0000 – 0x17FF
0x1800 – 0x1EFF
0x1F00 – 0x1FEF
0x1FF0 – 0x1FFF
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read/Write
Read/Write
A/D data (4K samples)
User data area
Calibration data
System data
28
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Specifications
Power
Parameter
Supply current (Note 5)
+5V USB power available (Note 6)
Output current (Note 7)
Conditions
Specification
Connected to Self-Powered Hub
Connected to Bus-Powered Hub
Connected to Self-Powered Hub
Connected to Bus-Powered Hub
20 mA
4.5 V min, 5.25 V max
4.1 V min, 5.25 V max
450 mA min, 500 mA max
50 mA min, 100 mA max
Note 5: This is the total current requirement for the RedLab 1208LS which includes up to 5mA for the status
LED.
Note 6: Self-powered refers to USB hubs and hosts with a power supply. Bus-powered refers to USB hubs and
hosts without their own power supply.
Note 7: This refers to the total amount of current that can be sourced from the USB +5V, analog outputs and
digital outputs.
General
Parameter
Conditions
Specification
USB controller clock error
25 °C
0 to 70 °C
±30 ppm max
±50 ppm max
USB 1.1 low-speed
USB 1.1, USB 2.0
Device type
Device compatibility
Environmental
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Humidity
-0 to 70 °C
-40 to 70 °C
0 to 90% non-condensing
Mechanical
Dimensions
USB cable length
User connection length
79 mm (L) x 82 mm (W) x 25 mm (H)
3 Meters max
3 Meters max
Main connector and pin out
Connector type
Wire gauge range
Screw terminal
16 AWG to 30 AWG
29
RedLab 1208LS User's Guide
Specifications
4-channel differential mode
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Signal Name
CH0 IN HI
CH0 IN LO
GND
CH1 IN HI
CH1 IN LO
GND
CH2 IN HI
CH2 IN LO
GND
CH3 IN HI
CH3 IN LO
GND
D/A OUT 0
D/A OUT 1
GND
CAL
GND
TRIG_IN
GND
CTR
Pin
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Signal Name
Port A0
Port A1
Port A2
Port A3
Port A4
Port A5
Port A6
Port A7
GND
PC+5V
GND
Port B0
Port B1
Port B2
Port B3
Port B4
Port B5
Port B6
Port B7
GND
Pin
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Signal Name
Port A0
Port A1
Port A2
Port A3
Port A4
Port A5
Port A6
Port A7
GND
PC+5V
GND
Port B0
Port B1
Port B2
Port B3
Port B4
Port B5
Port B6
Port B7
GND
8-channel single-ended mode
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Signal Name
CH0 IN
CH1 IN
GND
CH2 IN
CH3 IN
GND
CH4 IN
CH5 IN
GND
CH6 IN
CH7 IN
GND
D/A OUT 0
D/A OUT 1
GND
CAL
GND
TRIG_IN
GND
CTR
30
Meilhaus Electronic GmbH
Fischerstrasse 2
D-82178 Puchheim, Germany
Phone: +49 (0)89 89 01 66-0
Fax: +49 (0)89 89 01 66-77
E-Mail: [email protected]
http://www.meilhaus.com
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