CGN075 075, CGN075 100 Manual

CGN075 075, CGN075 100 Manual
Instruction Manual
COMMERCIAL GAS WATER HEATERS
MODELS CG(N,L)075075, CG(N,L)075100
Series 300, 301
300 Maddox Simpson Parkway
Lebanon, TN 37090
Phone: 615-889-8900 • Fax: 615-547-1000
Technical Service email: [email protected]
www.Lochinvar.com
• For Your Safety •
AN ODORANT IS ADDED TO THE GAS USED
BY THIS WATER HEATER.
ALL TECHNICAL AND WARRANTY QUESTIONS: SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE LOCAL DEALER FROM WHOM THE WATER HEATER WAS
PURCHASED. IF YOU ARE UNSUCCESSFUL, PLEASE WRITE TO THE COMPANY LISTED ON THE RATING PLATE ON THE WATER HEATER.
PRINTED 1011
Keep this manual in the pocket on heater for future reference
whenever maintenance adjustment or service is required.
1
322874-000
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE
Your safety and the safety of others is extremely important in the installation, use and servicing of this water heater.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very important
that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use or service this water heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you
to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DAN G ER i n d i c a t e s a n i m m i n e n t l y
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
will result in death or injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of substances
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to warn of
potential exposure to such substances.
This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. This
appliance can cause low level exposure to some of the substances included in the act.
IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
• Qualified Installer or Service Agency: Installation and service of this water heater requires ability equivalent to that of a Qualified Agency
(as defined by ANSI below) in the field involved. Installation skills such as plumbing, air supply, venting, gas supply, electrical supply are
required in addition to electrical testing skills when performing service.
• ANSI Z223.1 2006 Sec. 3.3.83: “Qualified Agency” - “Any individual, firm, corporation or company that either in person or through a
representative is engaged in and is responsible for (a) the installation, testing or replacement of gas piping or (b) the connection, installation,
testing, repair or servicing of appliances and equipment; that is experienced in such work; that is familiar with all precautions required; and
that has complied with all the requirements of the authority having jurisdiction.”.
• Gas Supplier: The Natural Gas or Propane Utility or service who supplies gas for utilization by the gas burning appliances within this
application. The gas supplier typically has responsibility for the inspection and code approval of gas piping up to and including the Natural
Gas meter or Propane storage tank of a building.
2
GENERAL SAFETY
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE............................2
GENERAL SAFETY..................................................................3
TABLE OF CONTENTS.............................................................4
INTRODUCTION.......................................................................4
Preparing for the New Installation......................................4
GET TO KNOW YOUR WATER HEATER.................................5
INSTALLATION CONSIDERATION........................................6,7
Rough In Dimensions........................................................6
Mixing Valve Usage...........................................................7
Thermometers...................................................................7
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER............................ 8-10
Facts to Consider About Location...................................8,9
Insulation Blankets.............................................................9
Combustion Air and Ventilation for Appliances
Located in Unconfined Spaces..........................................9
Combustion Air and Ventilation for Appliances
Located in Confined Spaces.........................................9,10
INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER........................11-15
Water Piping....................................................................11
Closed Water Systems....................................................11
Thermal Expansion.....................................................11,12
Circulating Pump.............................................................12
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve.................................12
Filling the Water Heater...................................................13
Venting....................................................................... 13-14
Gas Piping..................................................................14,15
Sediment Traps................................................................15
LIGHTING & OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS.....................16,17
TEMPERATURE REGULATION.............................................18
FOR YOUR INFORMATION.............................................. 18-20
Start Up Conditions.................................................... 18-19
Operational Conditions...............................................19,20
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE.............................................. 20-23
Venting System Inspection..............................................20
Burner Inspection.............................................................20
Burner Cleaning..........................................................20,21
Housekeeping..................................................................21
Anode Rod Inspection.....................................................21
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Operation................21
Recommended Procedure for Periodic
Removal of Lime Deposits from Tank
Top Commercial Water Heaters.......................................21
Deliming Solvent.........................................................21,22
Tank Cleanout Procedure................................................22
Draining...........................................................................23
Drain Valve Washer Replacement...................................23
Service.............................................................................23
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS.....................................................24
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES......................................25
NOTES....................................................................................26
WARRANTY............................................................................27
INTRODUCTION
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed and
maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
2. The installation must conform with these instructions and the local
code authority having jurisdiction. In the absence of local codes,
the installation must comply with the current editions of the National
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 and the National Electrical
Code, NFPA 70 or CAN/CSA-B149.1 the Natural Gas and Propane
Installation Code and CSA C22.1. All documents are available from
the Canadian Standards Association, 8501 East Pleasant Valley
Road, Cleveland, OH 44131. NFPA documents are also available
from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269.
Abbreviations Found In This Instruction Manual:
• UL - Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
• ANSI - American National Standards Institute
• NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
• ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
• GAMA - Gas Appliance Manufacturer’s Association
3. If after reading this manual you have any questions or do not
understand any portion of the instructions, call the local gas utility
or the manufacturer whose name appears on the rating plate.
• CAN - Canada
• EPACT - Energy Policy Act
• CSA - Canadian Standards Association
This gas-fired water heater is design certified by Underwriters
Laboratories Inc. under American National Standard/CSA Standard
for Gas Water Heaters ANSI Z21.10.3 • CSA 4.3 (current edition).
4. Carefully plan the place where you are going to put the water
heater. Correct combustion, vent action, and vent pipe installation
are very important in preventing death from possible carbon
monoxide poisoning and fires, see Figures 3 and 8.
Preparing for the Installation
1. Read the “General Safety” section, page 3 of this manual first and
then the entire manual carefully. If you don’t follow the safety rules,
the water heater will not operate properly. It could cause DEATH,
SERIOUS BODILY INJURY AND/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Examine the location to ensure the water heater complies with
the “Locating the New Water Heater” section in this manual.
5. For California installation this water heater must be braced,
anchored, or strapped to avoid falling or moving during an
earthquake. See instructions for correct installation procedures.
Instructions may be obtained from California Office of the State
Architect, 400 P Street, Sacramento, CA 95814.
This manual contains instructions for the installation, operation, and
maintenance of the gas-fired water heater. It also contains warnings
throughout the manual that you must read and be aware of. All
warnings and all instructions are essential to the proper operation of
the water heater and your safety. Since we cannot put everything
on the first few pages, READ THE ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE
ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL OR OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
6. Massachusetts Code requires this water heater to be installed in
accordance with Massachusetts 248-CMR 2.00: State Plumbing
Code and 248-CMR 5.00.
7. Complies with SCAQMD rule #1146.2 and districts having
equivalent NOx requirements.
4
GET TO KNOW YOUR WATER HEATER - GAS MODELS
AVent Pipe
BDrafthood
CAnode
DHot Water Outlet
EOutlet
FInsulation
G Gas Supply
H Manual Gas Shut-off Valve
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
I Ground Joint Union
JDrip Leg (Sediment Trap)
K Inner Door
LOuter door
MUnion
N Inlet Water Shut-off Valve
OCold Water Inlet
P Inlet Dip Tube
QTemperature-Pressure Relief Valve
R Rating Plate
S Flue Baffle(s)
T Gas Control Valve/Thermostat
UDrain Valve
V Pilot and Main Burner
W Flue
X Metal Drain Pan
REPLACEMENT PARTS AND DELIMING PRODUCTS
Replacement parts and recommended delimer may be ordered through authorized servicers or distributors. When ordering parts, provide
complete model and serial numbers (see rating plate), quantity and name of part desired. Standard hardware items may be purchased locally.
*INSTALL IN ACCORDANCE WITH LOCAL CODES.
(T) GAS CONTROL VALVE/THERMOSTAT
*DRIP LEG AS REQUIRED BY LOCAL CODES.
*ALL PIPING MATERIALS TO BE SUPPLIED BY CUSTOMERS.
To vent termination
on roof
(V) PILOT & MAIN BURNER - NATURAL GAS
(V) PILOT & MAIN BURNER - PROPANE GAS
THERMOCOUPLE
PILOT
BURNER
**CLOSED WATER SYSTEMS ARE THOSE
WITH BACK FLOW PREVENTION DEVICES
INSTALLED IN THE WATER SERVICE LINE.
FIGURE 1.
5
MAIN
BURNER
INSTALLATION CONSIDERATION
ROUGH IN DIMENSIONS
TABLE 1.
DIMENSIONS
Model
Units
A
B
C
D
E
CG*075075
Inches
61 1/8
58 1/2
29 11/16
Natural & LP
CM
155.25
148.6
75.4
CG*075100
Inches
68 5/8
66 1/2 30 15/16 27 3/4 15 3/16
Natural & LP
CM
174.3
168.9
78.59
26 1/2 15 3/16
67.3
70.5
38.6
38.6
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
4
14 1/2
16
1 1/4
1
1/2
11 15/16
10.2
39.4
40.6
3.2
NPT
NPT
30.3
4
15 3/4
16
1 1/4
1 1/4
1/2
11 15/16
10.2
40.0
40.6
3.2
NPT
NPT
30.3
RECOVERY RATINGS
Input
Model
Rating Rating
Btu/Hr
kW
C°
Approx. Approx.
Temp.
Gal.
Liter
Rise
Cap.
Cap.
F°
CG*075075 75,100
22
74
280
CG*075100 75,100
22
98
371
17
22
28
33
39
44
50
56
61
67
72
78
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
GPH
LPH
GPH
243
916
243
182
686
182
146
550
146
121
456
121
104
392
104
91
343
91
81
305
81
73
275
73
66
249
66
61
230
61
56
211
56
52
196
52
LPH
916
686
550
456
392
343
305
275
249
230
211
196
Recovery ratings based on 80% thermal efficiency.
6
MIXING VALVE USAGE
MIXING VALVE APPLICATION
FOR TWO TEMPERATURE WATER
SINGLE TEMPERATURE
INSERT B - VACUUM
RELIEF VALVE
*INSTALL PER
LOCAL CODES
INSTALL THERMAL EXPANSION
TANK OR DEVICE IF CHECK VALVE
OR PRESSURE REDUCING
VALVE IS USED IN SUPPLY
CIRCULATING RETURN LINE CONNECTIONS
TEMPERED WATER LOOP, IF USED, CONNECT TO POINT “A”.
STORED TEMPERATURE WATER LOOP, IF USED, CONNECT
TO COLD WATER INLET.
WARNING
TEMPERATURE SETTING SHOULD NOT EXCEED SAFE
USE TEMPERATURE AT FIXTURES, SEE TEMPERATURE
REGULATION ON PAGE 12. IF HIGHER PREHEAT
TEMPERATURES ARE NECESSARY TO OBTAIN
ADEQUATE BOOSTER OUTPUT, ADD AN ANTI-SCALD
VALVE FOR HOT WATER SUPPLIED TO FIXTURES.
CAUTION: IF BUILDING COLD WATER SUPPLY HAS A BACKFLOW PREVENTER, CHECK VALVE OR WATER METER WITH
CHECK VALVE, PROVISIONS FOR THERMAL EXPANSION OF
WATER IN THE HOT WATER SYSTEM MUST BE PROVIDED.
FIGURE 2.
THERMOMETERS (Not Supplied)
This appliance has been design certified as complying with ANSI Z21.10.3CSA 4.3 current edition for water heaters and is considered suitable for:
Thermometers should be obtained and field installed as shown, see
Figure 2.
Water (Potable) Heating and Space Heating: All models are
considered suitable for combination water (potable) heating and
space heating and not suitable for space heating applications only.
Thermometers are installed in the system as a means of detecting
the temperature of the outlet water supply.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to a
temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish
washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently injure
you upon contact. Some people are more likely to be permanently
injured by hot water than others. These include the elderly, children,
the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If anyone using hot
water in your home fits into one of these groups or if there is a local
code requiring a certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then
you must take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest
possible temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs,
a means such as a *Mixing Valve should be used at the hot water
taps used by these people or at the water heater. Mixing valves are
available at plumbing supply or hardware stores. Consult a qualified
installer or service agency. Follow mixing valve manufacturer’s
instructions for installation of the valves. Before changing the factory
setting on the thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section
in this manual, see Figures 15 and 16.
7
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER
Facts to Consider About the Location
Carefully choose an indoor location for the new water heater, because
the placement is a very important consideration for the safety of the
occupants in the building and for the most economical use of the
appliance. This water heater is not for use in manufactured
(mobile) homes or outdoor installation.
Whether replacing an old water heater or putting the water heater
in a new location, the following critical points must be observed:
1. Select a location indoors as close as practical to the gas vent or
chimney to which the water heater vent is going to be connected,
and as centralized with the water piping system as possible.
2. Selected location must provide adequate clearances for servicing
and proper operation of the water heater.
INSTALLATIONS IN AREAS WHERE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
(VAPORS) ARE LIKELY TO BE PRESENT OR STORED (GARAGES,
STORAGE AND UTILITY AREAS, ETC.): Flammable liquids (such as
gasoline, solvents, propane [LP or butane, etc.] and other substances
such as adhesives, etc.) emit flammable vapors which can be ignited
by a gas water heater’s pilot light or main burner. The resulting
flashback and fire can cause death or serious burns to anyone in the
area, as well as property damage. If installation in such areas is your
only option, then the installation must be accomplished in a way that
the pilot flame and main burner flame are elevated from the floor at
least 18 inches. While this may reduce the chances of flammable
vapors, from a floor spill being ignited, gasoline and other flammable
substances should never be stored or used in the same room or area
containing a gas water heater or other open flame or spark producing
appliance. NOTE: Flammable vapors may be drawn by air currents
from other areas of the structure to the appliance.
Installation of the water heater must be accomplished in such a manner
that if the tank or any connections should leak, the flow will not cause
damage to the structure. For this reason, it is not advisable to install the
water heater in an attic or upper floor. When such locations cannot be
avoided, a suitable metal drain pan should be installed under the water
heater. Metal Drain pans are available at your local hardware store. Such
a metal drain pan must have a minimum length and width of at least 2”
(51 mm) greater than the water heater dimensions and must be piped
to an adequate drain. The pan must not restrict combustion air flow.
Water heater life depends upon water quality, water pressure and the
environment in which the water heater is installed. Water heaters are
sometimes installed in locations where leakage may result in property
damage, even with the use of a drain pan piped to a drain. However,
unanticipated damage can be reduced or prevented by a leak detector
or water shut-off device used in conjunction with a piped drain pan.
These devices are available from some plumbing supply wholesalers
and retailers, and detect and react to leakage in various ways:
Also, the water heater must be located and/or protected so it is not
subject to physical damage by a moving vehicle.
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that trigger an alarm or turn off
the incoming water to the water heater when leakage is detected.
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that turn off the water supply
to the entire home when water is detected in the drain pan.
• Water supply shut-off devices that activate based on the water
pressure differential between the cold water and hot water pipes
connected to the water heater.
• Devices that will turn off the gas supply to a gas water heater
while at the same time shutting off its water supply.
This water heater must not be installed directly on carpeting.
Carpeting must be protected by metal or wood panel beneath the
appliance extending beyond the full width and depth of the appliance
by at least 3” (76.2 mm) in any direction, or if the appliance is installed
in an alcove or closet, the entire floor must be covered by the panel.
Failure to heed this warning may result in a fire hazard.
8
INSULATION BLANKETS
Minimum clearances between the water heater and combustible
construction are 0 inch at the sides and rear, 4” (102 mm) at the
front, and 6” (153 mm) from the vent pipe. Clearance from the top
of the jacket is 12” (305 mm) on most models.
FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 3.
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for external use
on gas water heaters but are not necessary with these products. The
purpose of an insulation blanket is to reduce the standby heat loss
encountered with storage tank heaters. Your water heater meets or
exceeds the EPACT standards with respect to insulation and standby
loss requirements, making an insulation blanket unnecessary.
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this heater, you
should follow these instructions (For identification of components
mentioned below, see Figure 1). Failure to follow these instructions
can restrict the air flow required for proper combustion, potentially
resulting in fire, asphyxiation, serious personal injury or death.
• Do not apply insulation to the top of the water heater, as this will
interfere with safe operation of the draft hood.
• Do not cover the outer door, thermostat or temperature & pressure
relief valve.
• Do not allow insulation to come within 2” (50.8 mm) of the floor to
prevent blockage of combustion air flow to the burner.
A gas water heater cannot operate properly without the correct amount
of air for combustion. Do not install in a confined area such as a closet,
unless you provide air as shown in the “Locating The New Water Heater”
section. Never obstruct the flow of ventilation air. If you have any doubts
or questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to provide the proper
amount of combustion air can result in a fire or explosion and cause
death, serious bodily injury, or property damage.
• Do not cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side of the
water heater or nearby for future reference.
• Do obtain new warning and instruction labels from the manufacturer
for placement on the blanket directly over the existing labels.
• Do inspect the insulation blanket frequently to make certain it
does not sag, thereby obstructing combustion air flow.
Combustion Air and Ventilation for
Appliances Located in Unconfined Spaces
Unconfined Space is space whose volume is not less than
50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kW) of the aggregate
input rating of all appliances installed in that space. Rooms
communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are
installed, through openings not furnished with doors, are considered
a part of the unconfined space.
In unconfined spaces in buildings, infiltration may be adequate to provide
air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue gases. However, in
buildings of tight construction (for example, weather stripping, heavily
insulated, caulked, vapor barrier, etc.), additional air may need to
be provided using the methods described in “Combustion Air and
Ventilation for Appliances Located in Confined Spaces.”
FIGURE 4.
If this water heater will be used in beauty shops, barber shops, cleaning
establishments, or self-service laundries with dry cleaning equipment,
it is imperative that the water heater or water heaters be installed so
that combustion and ventilation air be taken from outside these areas.
Combustion Air and Ventilation for
Appliances Located in Confined Spaces
Propellants of aerosol sprays and volatile compounds, (cleaners,
chlorine based chemicals, refrigerants, etc.) in addition to being highly
flammable in many cases, will also change to corrosive hydrochloric
acid when exposed to the combustion products of the water heater.
The results can be hazardous, and also cause product failure.
Confined Space is a space whose volume is less than 50 cubic
feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kW) of the aggregate input
rating of all appliances installed in that space.
9
A. ALL AIR FROM INSIDE BUILDINGS: (See Figures 4 and 5)
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent openings
communicating directly with an additional room(s) of sufficient
volume so that the combined volume of all spaces meets the
criteria for an unconfined space. The total input of all gas utilization
equipment installed in the combined space shall be considered in
making this determination. Each opening shall have a minimum
free area of one square inch per 1,000 Btu per hour (22 cm2/kW) of
the total input rating of all gas utilization equipment in the confined
space, but not less than 100 square inches (645 cm2). One opening
shall commence within 12” (30 cm) of the top and one commencing
within 12” (30 cm) of the bottom of the enclosures.
FIGURE 7.
4. When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross-sectional
area as the free area of the openings to which they connect. The
minimum short side dimension of rectangular air ducts shall not
be less than 3” (76.2 mm), see Figure 8.
5. Alternatively a single permanent opening may be used when
communicating directly with the outdoors, or with spaces that
freely communicate with the outdoors. The opening shall have a
minimum free area of 1 square inch per 3,000 BTU per hour (8.3
cm2/kW) of total input rating of all equipment in enclosure. See
Figure 8A.
FIGURE 5.
B. ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS: (See Figures 6, 7 and 8)
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
openings, one commencing within 12” (30 cm) of the top and one
commencing within 12” (30 cm) from the bottom of the enclosure. The
openings shall communicate directly, or by ducts, with the outdoors
or spaces (crawl or attic) that freely communicate with the outdoors.
1. When directly communicating with the outdoors, each opening shall
have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 Btu per hour
(5.5 cm2/kW) of total input rating of all equipment in the enclosure,
see Figure 6.
FIGURE 8.
6. Louvers and Grilles In calculating free area, consideration shall be given
to the blocking effect of louvers, grilles or screens protecting openings.
Screens used shall not be smaller than 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) mesh. If the
free area through a design of louver or grille is known, it should be
used in calculating the size opening required to provide the free area
specified. If the design and free area is not known, it may be assumed
that wood louvers will be 20-25 percent free area and metal louvers
and grilles will have 60-75 percent free area. Louvers and grilles shall
be fixed in the open position or interlocked with the equipment so that
they are opened automatically during equipment operation.
7. Special Conditions Created by Mechanical Exhausting or Fireplaces:
operation of exhaust fans, ventilation systems, clothes dryers or
fireplaces may create conditions requiring special attention to avoid
unsatisfactory operation of installed gas utilization equipment.
FIGURE 6.
2. When communicating with the outdoors through vertical ducts,
each opening must have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 4,000 Btu per hour (5.5 cm2/kW) of total input rating of all
equipment in the enclosure, see Figure 7.
3. When communicating with the outdoors through horizontal ducts,
each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 2,000 Btu per hour (11 cm2/kW)) of total input rating of all
equipment in the enclosure, see Figure 8.
FIGURE 8A.
10
INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER
Water Piping
to be closed. As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion) and
closed systems do not allow for the expansion of heated water.
THERMAL EXPANSION
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a closed system
the volume of water will grow when it is heated. As the volume of
water grows there will be a corresponding increase in water pressure
due to thermal expansion. Thermal expansion can cause premature
tank failure (leakage). This type of failure is not covered under the
limited warranty. Thermal expansion can also cause intermittent
temperaturepressure relief valve operation: water discharged from the
valve due to excessive pressure build up. This condition is not covered
under the limited warranty. The temperature-pressure relief valve is
not intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion.
A properly sized thermal expansion tank should be installed on all
closed systems to control the harmful effects of thermal expansion.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to
a temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing,
dish washing, cleaning and other sanitizing needs can scald and
permanently injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely
to be permanently injured by hot water than others. These include
the elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped.
If anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of these groups
or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain temperature
water at the hot water tap, then you must take special precautions. In
addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting that satisfies
your hot water needs, a means such as a *mixing valve should be
used at the hot water taps used by these people or at the water heater,
see Figure 2. Valves for reducing point of use temperature by mixing
cold and hot water are also available. Consult a qualified installer
or service agency. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for installation
of the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat,
read the “Temperature Regulation” section in this manual.
Water (potable) Heating And Space Heating
1. All piping components connected to this unit for space heating
applications shall be suitable for use with potable water.
2. Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment,
shall NEVER be introduced into this system.
3. This unit may NEVER be connected to any existing heating
system or component(s) previously used with a non-potable
water heating appliance.
4. When the system requires water for space heating at
temperatures higher than required for domestic water
purposes, a tempering valve must be installed. Please refer
to installation diagrams on pages 34-48 of this manual for
suggested piping arrangements.
5. These water heaters cannot be used in space heating
applications only.
CLOSED WATER SYSTEMS
Water supply systems may, because of such events as high line
pressure, frequent cut-offs, the effects of water hammer among others,
have installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check
valves, back flow preventers, etc. to control these types of problems.
When these devices are not equipped with an internal by-pass, and
no other measures are taken, the devices cause the water system
FIGURE 9.
NOTE: To protect against untimely corrosion of hot and cold
water fittings, it is strongly recommended that di-electric unions
or couplings be installed on this water heater when connected
to copper pipe.
Figure 9 shows the typical attachment of the water piping to the water heater.
The water heater is equipped with 1” NPT threaded nipple (75 gallon models)
or 1.25” NPT threaded nipple (100 gallon models) water connections.
11
circulating pump
CAUTION
A circulating pump is used when a system requires a circulating loop or
there is a storage tank used in conjunction with the heater. Install the
system in accordance with the current edition of the National Electrical
Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70 or the CanadianElectrical Code CSA C22.1.
Water Damage Hazard
• Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge
Only all bronze circulating pumps are used with commercial water
heaters. Although circulating pumps are oiled and operated by the
manufacturer some circulators must be oiled again before operating.
Please refer to manufacturer’s instructions.
pipe must terminate at adequate drain.
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe Requirements:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the
valve, or have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall not be exposed to freezing temperatures.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the discharge pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above floor drain or external
to the building. In cold climates, it is recommended that discharge
pipe be terminated at an adequate drain inside building.
• Shall not have any valve or other obstruction between the relief
valve and the drain.
NOTE: If using copper tubing, solder tubing to an adapter before
attaching the adapter to the cold water inlet connection. Do not
solder the cold water supply line directly to the cold water inlet.
It will harm the dip tube and damage the tank.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
Burn hazard.
Hot water discharge.
Keep clear of TemperaturePressure Relief Valve
discharge outlet.
The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve must be manually operated
at least twice a year. Caution should be taken to ensure that (1) no
one is in front of or around the outlet of the Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged
will not cause any bodily injury or property damage because the
water may be extremely hot. If after manually operating the valve, it
fails to completely reset and continues to release water, immediately
close the cold water inlet to the water heater, follow the draining
instructions in this manual, and replace the Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve with a properly rated/sized new one.
This heater is provided with a properly certified combination
temperature - pressure relief valve by the manufacturer.
The valve is certified by a nationally recognized testing laboratory that
maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment of materials
as meeting the requirements for Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply
Systems, ANSI Z21.22 • CSA 4.4, and the code requirements of ASME.
If replaced, the valve must meet the requirements of local codes, but
not less than a combination temperature and pressure relief valve
certified as indicated in the above paragraph.
Note: The purpose of a Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve is to
prevent excessive temperatures and pressures in the storage tank.
The T&P valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. A properly sized thermal expansion tank must be installed
on all closed systems to control thermal expansion, see Closed
Water Systems and Thermal Expansion on page 11.
The valve must be marked with a maximum set pressure not to
exceed the marked maximum working pressure of the water heater
(150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and a discharge capacity not less than the water
heater input rate as shown on the model rating plate.
If you do not understand these instructions or have any questions
regarding the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve call the toll free
number listed on the back cover of this manual for technical assistance.
For safe operation of the water heater, the relief valve must not be
removed from its designated opening nor plugged.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be installed directly into
the fitting of the water heater designed for the relief valve. Position
the valve downward and provide tubing so that any discharge will exit
only within 6” (153 mm) above, or at any distance below the structural
floor. Be certain that no contact is made with any live electrical part.
The discharge opening must not be blocked or reduced in size under
any circumstances. Excessive length, over 30’ (9.14 m), or use of
more than four elbows can cause restriction and reduce the discharge
capacity of the valve, see Figure 10.
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the relief valve
and the tank. Do not connect tubing directly to discharge drain unless
a 6 inch air gap is provided. To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or
property damage, the relief valve must be allowed to discharge water
in quantities should circumstances demand. If the discharge pipe is
not connected to a drain or other suitable means, the water flow may
cause property damage.
12
FIGURE 10.
Vent dampers must bear evidence of certification as complying with
the current edition of the American National Standard ANSI Z21.66
CGA 6.14 (covering electrically and mechanically actuated vent
dampers). Before installation of any vent damper, consult the local
gas utility for further information.
Filling the Water Heater
To insure proper venting of this gas-fired water heater, the correct
vent pipe diameter must be utilized. Any additions or deletions of
other gas appliances on a common vent with this water heater may
adversely affect the operation of the water heater. Consult your gas
supplier if any such changes are planned.
For proper venting in certain installations, a larger diameter vent pipe
may be necessary. Consult your gas supplier to aid you in determining
the proper venting for your water heater from the vent tables in the
current edition of the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 or
the Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code CAN\CSA B 149.1.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely full of water. To prevent
damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water must flow
from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas to the water heater.
To fill the water heater with water:
Periodically check the venting system for signs of obstruction or
deterioration and replace if needed.
1. Close the water heater drain valve by turning the handle to the right
(clockwise). The drain valve is on the lower front of the water heater.
The combustion and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
2. Open the cold water supply valve to the water heater.
NOTE: The cold water supply valve must be left open when
the water heater is in use.
The water heater with draft hood installed must be connected to a
chimney or listed vent pipe system, which terminates to the outdoors.
Never operate the water heater unless it is vented to the outdoors
and has adequate air supply to avoid risks of improper operation,
explosion or asphyxiation.
3. To insure complete filling of the tank, allow air to exit by opening the
nearest hot water faucet. Allow water to run until a constant flow is
obtained. This will let air out of the water heater and the piping.
• For proper draft hood attachment, the draft hood legs may be
angled slightly inward.
4. Check all water piping and connections for leaks. Repair as needed.
• Place the draft hood legs in the receiving holes on the top of the
water heater. The legs will snap in the holes to give a tight fit.
Secure draft hood with the supplied brackets.
Venting
• Place the vent pipe over the draft hood. With the vent pipe in position,
drill a small hole through both the vent pipe and draft hood. Secure
them together with a sheet metal screw, see Figure 11.
Obstructed or deteriorated vent systems may present serious health
risk or asphyxiation.
If the water heater is being installed as a replacement for an existing
heater in pre-existing venting, a thorough inspection of existing
venting system must be performed prior to any installation work.
FIGURE 11.
VENT DAMPERS - Any vent damper, whether it is operated thermally
or otherwise must be removed if its use inhibits proper drafting of
the water heater.
The vent pipe from the water heater must be no less than the diameter
of the draft hood outlet on the water heater and must slope upward
at least 1/4 inch per linear foot (21 mm per meter), see Figure 12.
Thermally Operated Vent Dampers: this gas-fired water heater has a
thermal efficiency at or above 80% which may produce a relatively low
flue gas temperature. Such temperatures may not be high enough to
properly open thermally operated vent dampers. This would cause
spillage of the flue gases and may cause carbon monoxide poisoning.
All vent gases must be completely vented to the outdoors of the
structure (dwelling). Install only the draft hood provided with the
new water heater and no other draft hood.
Vent pipes must be secured at each joint with sheet metal screws.
13
Contact your local gas service company to ensure that adequate
gas service is available and to review applicable installation codes
for your area.
Size the main gas line in accordance with Table 1. The figures shown
are for straight lengths of pipe at 0.5 in. W.C. pressure drop, which
is considered normal for low pressure systems. Note: Fittings such
as elbows, tees and line regulators will add to the pipe pressure
drop. Also refer to the current editions of the National Fuel Gas
Code (NFPA 54) or Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code
(CAN/CSA B149.1).
FIGURE 12.
There must be a minimum of 6” (153 mm) clearance between single
wall vent pipe and any combustible material. Fill and seal any
clearance between single wall vent pipe and combustible material
with mortar mix, cement, or other noncombustible substance. For
other than single wall, follow vent pipe manufacturer’s clearance
specifications. To insure a tight fit of the vent pipe in a brick chimney,
seal around the vent pipe with mortar mix cement.
Make sure the gas supplied is the same type listed on the model
rating plate. The inlet gas pressure must not exceed 14 inch water
column (2.6 kPa) for natural and propane (L.P.) gas. The minimum
inlet gas pressure shown on the rating plate is that which will permit
firing at rated input.
Failure to have required clearances between vent piping and
combustible material will result in a fire hazard.
If the gas control valve is subjected to pressures exceeding 1/2 pound
per square inch (3.5 kPa), the damage to the gas control valve could
result in a fire or explosion from leaking gas.
Be sure vent pipe is properly connected to prevent escape of
dangerous flue gases which could cause deadly asphyxiation.
If the main gas line shut-off serving all gas appliances is used, also
turn “off” the gas at each appliance. Leave all gas appliances shut
“off” until the water heater installation is complete.
A gas line of sufficient size must be run to the water heater. Consult
the current edition of National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54
or the Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code CAN/CSA B149.1
and your gas supplier concerning pipe size.
There must be:
• A readily accessible manual shut off valve in the gas supply line
serving the water heater, and
• A drip leg (sediment trap) ahead of the gas control valve to help
prevent dirt and foreign materials from entering gas control valve.
• A flexible gas connector or a ground joint union between the shut
off valve and control valve to permit servicing of the unit.
Be sure to check all the gas piping for leaks before lighting the water
heater. Use a soapy water solution, not a match or open flame. Rinse
off soapy solution and wipe dry.
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system may occur
if air for combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Spray can
propellants, cleaning solvents, refrigerator and air conditioner
refrigerants, swimming pool chemicals, calcium and sodium chloride,
waxes, bleach and process chemicals are typical compounds which
are potentially corrosive.
The minimum inlet gas pressure shown on the rating plate is that
which will permit firing at the rated input.
TABLE 1 - GAS SUPPLY LINE SIZES (IN INCHES)* MAXIMUM
CAPACITY OF PIPE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR
Gas Piping
LENGTHNOMINAL IRON PIPE SIZES (INCHES)
14
IN
FEET
1/2” 3/4”
INPUT IN THOUSANDS (BTU/HR)
1”
1 1/4” 1 1/2”
2”
2 1/2”
3”
4”
10 175360 680 140021003960
20120
250
465
950
1460
275043607700
15800
6300 11000 23000
3097
200
375
770
1180
220035206250
12800
40 821703206609901900 3000 530010900
50 731512855809001680 2650 4750 9700
60 661382605308101520 2400 4300 8800
70 611252404907501400 2250 3900 8100
80 571182204606901300 2050 3700 7500
90 531102054306501220 1950 3450 7200
100 501031954006201150 1850 3250 6700
125 44931753605501020 1650 2950 6000
150 4084160325500950 1500 2650 5500
175 3777145300460850 1370 2450 5000
200 3572135280430800 1280 2280 4600
TABLE 2.
The appliance and its individual shut-off valve shall be disconnected
from the gas supply piping system during any pressure testing of
that system at test pressures in excess of 1/2 pound per square inch
(3.5 kPa). It shall be isolated from the gas supply piping system
by closing its individual manual shut-off valve during any pressure
testing of the gas supply piping system at test pressures equal to
or less than 1/2 pound per square inch (3.5 kPa).
LENGTHNOMINAL IRON PIPE SIZES (INCHES)
IN INPUT IN KW
METERS 1/2” 3/4”
1”
1 1/4” 1 1/2”
2”
2 1/2”
3”
4”
3 511051994106151160 1845 3221 6735
6 3573142278428805 1277 2255 4626
9 2859110225346644 1031 1830 3748
12 2450 94 193290556 878 1552 3192
15 2144 83 170264492 776 1391 2840
18 1940 76 155237445 703 1259 2577
21 1837 70 143220410 659 1142 2372
24 1735 64 135202381 600 1083 2196
27 1632 60 126190357 571 1010 2108
31
15
30
57
117
182
337542952
1962
38 1327 51 105161299 483 864 1757
4612
254795146
278 439 7761610
53
11
23
42
88
135
249401717
1464
6110
214082126
234 375 6881347
Connecting the gas piping to the gas control valve of the water
heater can be accomplished by either of the two methods shown in
Figures 13 and 14.
FIGURE 13. GAS PIPING WITH FLEXIBLE CONNECTOR.
FIGURE 14. GAS PIPING WITH ALL
BLACK IRON PIPE TO GAS CONTROL.
Water heaters covered in this manual have been tested and approved
for installation at elevations up to 7,700 feet (2,347 m) above sea
level. For installation above 7,700 feet (2,347 m), the water heater’s
Btu input should be reduced at the rate of 4 percent for each 1,000
feet (305 m) above sea level which requires replacement of the burner
orifice in accordance with the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/
NFPA 54 or the Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code CAN/
CSA B149.1. Contact your local gas supplier for further information.
SEDIMENT TRAPS
A sediment trap shall be installed as close to the inlet of the water
heater as practical at the time of water heater installation. The
sediment trap shall be either a tee fitting with a capped nipple in the
bottom outlet or other device recognized as an effective sediment
trap. If a tee fitting is used, it shall be installed in conformance with
one of the methods of installation shown in Figures 13 and 14.
Failure to replace the standard orifice with the proper high altitude
orifice when installed at elevations above 7,700 feet (2,347 m)
could result in improper and inefficient operation of the appliance,
producing carbon monoxide gas in excess of the safe limits. This
could result in serious injury or death. Contact your local gas supplier
for any specific changes that may be required in your area.
Contaminants in the gas lines may cause improper operation of the
gas control valve that may result in fire or explosion. Before attaching
the gas line be sure that all gas pipe is clean on the inside. To trap
any dirt or foreign material in the gas supply line, a drip leg (sometimes
called a sediment trap) must be incorporated in the piping. The drip leg
must be readily accessible. Install in accordance with the “Gas Piping”
section. Refer to the current edition of the National Fuel Gas Code,
ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 or the Natural Gas and Propane Installation
Code CAN/CSA B149.1.
Use pipe joint compound or teflon tape marked as being resistant
to the action of petroleum [Propane (L.P.)] gases.
The appliance and its gas connection must be leak tested before
placing the appliance in operation.
15
16
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or
explosion may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
BEFORE LIGHTING: ENTIRE SYSTEM MUST BE FILLED WITH WATER AND AIR PURGED AT FAUCETS.
A. This appliance has a pilot which must be lighted by
hand. When lighting the pilot, follow these instructions
exactly.
B. BEFORE LIGHTING: smell all around the appliance
area for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because
some gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electric switch; do not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
C. Use only your hand to push down or turn the gas control
knob. Never use tools. If the knob will not push down or
turn by hand, don’t try to repair it, call a qualified service
technician. Force or attempted repair may result in a fire
or explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under water.
Immediately contact a qualified installer or service agency
to replace a flooded water heater. Do not attempt to repair
the unit! It must be replaced!
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
TOP VIEW
GAS CONTROL
FIGURE “D”
1.
STOP! Read the safety information above on this label.
2. Set the thermostat to the lowest setting by turning
thermostat dial fully clockwise
until it stops.
3. Push the gas control knob down slightly and turn
clockwise
to “OFF” (Figure A).
NOTE: Gas control knob CANNOT be turned from “PILOT”
to “OFF” unless it is pushed down slightly. Do not force.
4. Remove the inner and outer doors located below and
behind the gas control unit.
5. Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas. If you then
smell gas
STOP! Follow “B” in the safety information
above on
this label. If you do not smell gas, go to
the next step.
6. Find Pilot. Follow metal tube from the bottom , right of
the gas control to the pilot burner. (Figure D).
7. Turn gas control knob counterclockwise
to “PILOT” (Figure B).
8. Push gas control knob down all the way and hold it down.
Immediately light the pilot with a match. Continue to hold the gas control knob down for about one (1) minute after the pilot is lit. Release the gas control knob and it will pop back up. Pilot should remain lit. If it goes out, repeat Steps 3 through 8. It may take several minutes for air to clear the lines, before the pilot will light.
• If knob does not pop up when released, stop and immediately call your service technician or gas supplier.
• If the pilot will not stay lit after several tries, turn the gas control knob to “OFF” (Figure A) and call your service technician or gas supplier.
9. Replace inner and outer burner doors.
10. At arm’s length away, turn the gas control knob to “ON” (Figure C).
counterclockwise
11. Set thermostat to desired setting (See Figure).
CAUTION: Hotter water increases the risk of scald injury. Consult the instruction manual before changing temperature.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Set the thermostat to lowest setting.
2. Push gas control knob down slightly and turn clockwise
to “OFF”. Do not force, see Figure A.
17
TEMPERATURE REGULATION
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap, or to draw their own
bath water. Never leave a child or handicapped person unattended
in a bathtub or shower.
Short repeated heating cycles caused by small hot water uses can
cause temperatures at the point of use to exceed the thermostat setting
by up to 30°F (16.7°C). If you experience this type of use you should
consider using lower temperature settings to reduce scald hazards.
NOTE: A water temperature range of 120°F-140°F (49°C-60°C) is
recommended by most dishwasher manufacturers.
Any water heater’s intended purpose is to heat water. Hot water is
needed for cleansing, cleaning, and sanitizing (bodies, dishes, clothing).
Untempered hot water can present a scald hazard. Depending on the
time element, and the people involved (adults, children, elderly, infirm,
etc.) scalding may occur at different temperatures.
The thermostat of this water heater has been factory set at its lowest
position (pilot lighting). It is adjustable and must be reset to
the desired temperature setting to reduce the risk of scald injury.
The mark ( ) indicative of approximately 120°F (49°C) is preferred
starting point. Some States have a requirement for a lower setting.
) to decrease the
Turn the water temperature dial clockwise (
temperature, or counterclockwise (
) to increase the temperature.
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to shut off, turn off
the manual gas control valve to the appliance.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are intended to
produce hot water. Water heated to a temperature which will satisfy
space heating, clothes washing, dish washing, and other sanitizing
needs can scald and permanently injure you upon contact. Some
people are more likely to be permanently injured by hot water than
others. These include the elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/
mentally handicapped. If anyone using hot water in your home
fits into one of these groups or if there is a local code or state law
requiring a certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then you
must take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible
temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such
as a mixing valve should be used at the hot water taps used by these
people or at the water heater. Mixing valves are available at plumbing
supply or hardware stores, see Figure 2. Follow manufacturer’s
instructions for installation of the valves. Before changing the factory
setting on the thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section
in this manual, see Figures 15 and 16.
FIGURE 15.
Water
Time to Produce 2nd & 3rd
TemperatureDegree Burns on Adult Skin
VERY HOT = APPROX.180°F (82°C)
Nearly instantaneous
D = APPROX.160°F (71°C)
About 1/2 second
C = APPROX.150°F (65°C)
About 1-1/2 seconds
B = APPROX.140°F (60°C)
Less than 5 seconds
A = APPROX.130°F (54°C)
= APPROX.120°F (49°C)
LOW = APPROX.100°F (37.8°C)
About 30 seconds
More than 5 minutes
--------
FIGURE 16.
FOR YOUR INFORMATION
START UP CONDITIONS
when in fact the water is condensation. This usually happens when:
DRAFT HOOD OPERATION
a. A new water heater is filled with cold water for the first time.
b. Burning gas produces water vapor in water heaters, particularly
high efficiency models where flue temperatures are lower.
c. Large amounts of hot water are used in a short time and the refill
water in the tank is very cold.
Check draft hood operation by performing a worst case depressurization
of the building. With all doors and windows closed, and with all air
handling equipment and exhaust fans operating such as furnaces,
clothes dryers, range hoods and bathroom fans, a match flame should
still be drawn into the draft hood of the water heater with its burner
firing. If the flame is not drawn toward the draft hood, shut off water
heater and make necessary air supply changes to correct.
Moisture from the products of combustion condense on the cooler
tank surfaces and form drops of water which may fall onto the burner
or other hot surfaces to produce a “sizzling” or “frying” noise.
Excessive condensation can cause pilot outage due to water running
down the flue tube onto the main burner and putting out the pilot.
CONDENSATION
Whenever the water heater is filled with cold water, some condensate
will form while the burner is on. A water heater may appear to be leaking
CHECKING GAS INPUT
18
With this heater in operation, determine whether it is receiving the
full rated input of gas. This may be done by timing the gas meter
and measuring gas pressure with a gauge or manometer. When the
heater is operating at full capacity (full gas input) it should consume
approximately 1 cubic foot of gas in the time shown in table 3.
Water supply systems may, because of such events as high line
pressure, frequent cut-offs, the effects of water hammer among
others, have installed devices such as pressure reducing valves,
check valves, back flow preventers, etc. to control these types of
problems. When these devices are not equipped with an internal
by-pass, and no other measures are taken, the devices cause the
water system to be closed. As water is heated, it expands (thermal
expansion) and closed systems do not allow for the expansion of
heated water.
TABLE 3 INPUT CHECK TIME REQUIRED
TO CONSUME 1 CU. FT. OF GAS
Type of BTU PerApprox. Time Required To
Model
GasCu. Ft.Consume 1 Cu. Ft. of Gas
BT-80
Natural
1050
50.3 sec.
Propane
2500
119.8 sec.
BT-100
Natural
1050
50.3 sec.
Propane
2500
119.8 sec.
The water within the water heater tank expands as it is heated and
increases the pressure of the water system. If the relieving point of
the water heater’s temperature-pressure relief valve is reached, the
valve will relieve the excess pressure. The temperature-pressure
relief valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. This is an unacceptable condition and must be corrected.
Use this formula to “clock” the meter. Be sure that other gas
consuming appliances are not operating during this interval.
3,600 X H = Btu/Hr
T
T = Time in seconds needed to burn one cubic foot of gas.
H = Heating value of gas in Btu’s per cubic foot of gas.
It is recommended that any devices installed which could create a
closed system have a by-pass and/or the system have an expansion
tank or device to relieve the pressure built by thermal expansion in
the water system. Expansion tanks are available for ordering through
a local plumbing contractor. Contact the local water heater supplier
or service agency for assistance in controlling these situations.
Btu/Hr = Actual heater input rate.
STRANGE SOUNDS
Example: (Using BT-80 heater)
T = 50.3 seconds/ft3
H = 1,050 Btu/ft3 (natural gas)
Btu/Hr = ?
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some metal
parts during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not necessarily
represent harmful or dangerous conditions.
Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the burner area
during heating and cooling periods and should be considered normal.
See “Condensation” in this section.
3,600 X 1,050 = 75,100 Btu/Hr (22.0 kW)
50.3
Compare the actual input rate to that given on the heater’s rating
plate. In the example, the BT-80’s full input rate should be 75,100
Btu/Hr for natural gas.
Operational Conditions
Because of the suddenness and amount of water, condensation
water may be diagnosed as a “tank leak”. After the water in the tank
warms up (about 1-2 hours), the condition should disappear.
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode rod (see
parts section) for corrosion protection of the tank. Certain water
conditions will cause a reaction between this rod and the water.
The most common complaint associated with the anode rod is one
of a “rotten egg smell” in the hot water. This odor is derived from
hydrogen sulfide gas dissolved in the water. The smell is the result
of four factors which must all be present for the odor to develop:
Smelly Water
Do not assume the water heater is leaking until there has been
enough time for the water in the tank to warm up.
An undersized water heater will cause more condensation. The water
heater must be sized properly to meet the family’s demands for hot
water including dishwashers, washing machines and shower heads.
a. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
Excessive condensation may be noticed during the winter and early
spring months when incoming water temperatures are at their lowest.
b. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
c. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated within the
water heater (this harmless bacteria is nontoxic to humans).
Good venting is essential for a gas fired water heater to operate properly
as well as to carry away products of combustion and water vapor.
d. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused by the
corrosion protective action of the anode.
SMOKE/ODOR
It is not uncommon to experience a small amount of smoke and odor
during the initial start-up. This is due to burning off of oil from metal
parts, and will disappear in a short while.
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water heater
models by replacing the anode(s) with one of less active material,
and then chlorinating the water heater tank and all hot water
lines. Contact the local water heater supplier or service agency
for further information concerning an Anode Replacement Kit and
this chlorination treatment.
THERMAL EXPANSION
If the smelly water persists after the anode replacement and
chlorination treatment, we can only suggest that chlorination or
aeration of the water supply be considered to eliminate the water
problem.
Do not remove the anode leaving the tank unprotected. By doing
so, all warranty on the water heater tank is voided.
19
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and
explosive. To prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions,
we recommend the hot water faucet, located farthest away, be
opened for several minutes before any electrical appliances
which are connected to the hot water system are used (such as a
dishwasher or washing machine). If hydrogen gas is present, there
will probably be an unusual sound similar to air escaping through the
pipe as the hot water faucet is opened. There must be no smoking
or open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
“AIR” IN HOT WATER FAUCETS
HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE SHUT OFF SYSTEM
This water heater is equipped with an automatic gas Shut-off system.
This system works when high water temperatures are present. The
high temperature Shut-off is built into the gas control valve. It is
non-resettable. If the high temperature Shut-off activates, the gas
control valve must be replaced. Contact your gas supplier or service
agency. Turn “OFF” the entire gas supply to the water heater.
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water
system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Venting System Inspection
Burner Inspection
Flood damage to a water heater may not be readily visible or
immediately detectable. However, over a period of time a flooded
water heater will create dangerous conditions which can cause
DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Contact a qualified installer or service agency to replace a flooded
water heater. Do not attempt to repair the unit! It must be replaced!
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the main
burner and pilot burner, see Figure 17.
You should check for sooting. Soot is not normal and will impair
proper combustion.
Soot build-up indicates a problem that requires correction before
further use. Turn “OFF” gas to water heater and leave off until repairs
are made, because failure to correct the cause of the sooting can
result in a fire causing death, serious injury, or property damage.
NATURAL
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the venting
system. You should look for:
1. Obstructions which could cause improper venting. The
combustion and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
2. Damage or deterioration which could cause improper venting or
leakage of combustion products.
3. Rusted flakes around top of water heater.
PROPANE
Be sure the vent piping is properly connected to prevent escape
of dangerous flue gases which could cause deadly asphyxiation.
Obstructions and deteriorated vent systems may present serious
health risk or asphyxiation.
FIGURE 17.
Burner Cleaning
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system may occur
if air for combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Spray can
propellants, cleaning solvents, refrigerator and air conditioner
refrigerants, swimming pool chemicals, calcium and sodium
chloride, waxes, bleach and process chemicals are typical
compounds which are potentially corrosive.
If inspection of the burner shows that cleaning is required, turn the gas
control knob clockwise (
) to the “OFF” position, depressing slightly.
NOTE: The knob cannot be turned from “PILOT” to “OFF” unless
knob is depressed slightly. DO NOT FORCE.
If after inspection of the vent system you found sooting or
deterioration, something is wrong. Call the local gas utility to correct
the problem and clean or replace the flue and venting before
resuming operation of the water heater.
Loose deposits on or around the burner can be removed by carefully
using the hose of a vacuum cleaner inserted through the access door
of the water heater. If the burner needs to be removed for additional
20
• The majority of the rods diameter is less than 3/8”.
cleaning, call a service agency to remove and clean the burner and
correct the problem that required the burner to be cleaned.
• Signifi cant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or more of
the anode rod’s length) are visible.
Housekeeping
If the anode rod show signs of either or both it should be replaced.
NOTE: Whether re-installing or replacing the anode rod, check for
any leaks and immediately correct if found. In replacing the anode:
1.Turn off gas supply to the water heater.
2.Shut off the water supply and open a nearby hot water faucet to
depressurize the water tank.
3.Drain approximately 5 gallons of water from tank (Refer to “Draining and Flushing” for proper procedures). Close drain valve.
4.Remove old anode rod.
5.Use Tefl on® tape or approved pipe sealant on threads and install
new anode rod.
6.Turn on water supply and open nearby hot water faucet to purge
air from water system. Check for any leaks and immediately correct any if found.
Vacuum around base of water heater for dust, dirt, and lint on a
regular basis.
Restart the water heater as directed under “Operating Your Water
Heater.” See the Repair Parts Illustration for anode rod location.
INSTALLED IN SUITABLE AREA: To insure sufficient ventilation
and combustion air supply, proper clearances from the water heater
must be maintained. See “Locating the New Water Heater” section.
Combustible materials such as clothing, cleaning materials, or
flammable liquids, etc. must not be placed against or adjacent to
the water heater which can cause a fire.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Operation
ANODE ROD INSPECTION
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated
at least once a year.
When checking the temperature-pressure relief valve operation,
make sure that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the
temperature-pressure relief valve discharge line, and (2) that the
water discharge will not cause any property damage, as the water
may be extremely hot, see Figure 18.
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod, which will
slowly deplete (due to electrolysis) prolonging the life of the water
heater by protecting the glass-lined tank from corrosion. Adverse
water quality, hotter water temperatures, high hot water usage,
and water softening methods can increase the rate of anode rod
depletion. Once the anode rod is depleted, the tank will start to
corrode, eventually developing a leak.
Certain water conditions will cause a reaction between the anode
rod and the water. The most common complaint associated with
the anode rod is a “rotten egg smell” produced from the presence
of hydrogen sulfi de gas dissolved in the water. IMPORTANT: Do
not remove this rod permanently as it will void any warranties. The
parts list includes a special anode rod that can be ordered if water
odor or discoloration occurs. NOTE: This rod may reduce but not
eliminate water odor problems. The water supply system may require
special fi ltration equipment from a water conditioning company to
successfully eliminate all water odor problems.
FIGURE 18.
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet
to the water heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the
temperature-pressure relief valve with a new one.
RECOMMENDED PROCEDURE FOR PERIODIC
REMOVAL OF LIME DEPOSITS FROM TANK TYPE
COMMERCIAL WATER HEATERS
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because the process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and calcium ions. The
use of a water softener may decrease the life of the water heater tank.
The amount of calcium carbonate (lime) released from water is in
direct proportion to water temperature and usage, see chart. The
higher the water temperature or water usage, the more lime deposits
are dropped out of the water. This is the lime scale which forms in
pipes, heaters and on cooking utensils.
The anode rod should be removed from the water heater tank every
3 years for inspection. NOTE: artificially softened water requires the
anode rod to be inspected annually.
The following are typical (but not all) signs of a depleted anode rod:
21
TANK CLEANOUT PROCEDURE
Lime accumulation not only reduces the life of the equipment but
also reduces efficiency of the heater and increases fuel consumption.
The following practices will ensure longer life and enable the unit to
operate at its designed efficiency:
The usage of water softening equipment greatly reduces the
hardness of the water. However, this equipment does not always
remove all of the hardness (lime). For this reason it is recommended
that a regular schedule for deliming be maintained.
1. Once a month the heater should be flushed. Open the drain valve
and allow two gallons of water to drain from the heater. Inlet water
valve should remain open to maintain pressure in tank.
FIGURE 4.
2. A cleanout opening is provided for periodic cleaning of the tank.
Gas must be shut off and heater drained before opening cleanout.
To clean heater through cleanout opening, proceed as follows:
1. Drain heater.
2. Remove outer cover plate from lower side of heater jacket.
3. Remove six (6) hex head screws securing tank cleanout plate
and remove plate.
4. Remove lime, scale, or sediment using care not to damage the
glass lining.
5. Inspect cleanout plate gasket, if new gasket is required, see
replacement parts list for item number.
6. Install cleanout plate. Be sure to draw plate up tight by tightening
screws securely.
7. Replace outer jacket cover plate.
The time between cleaning will vary from weeks to months depending
upon water conditions and usage.
In some water areas the sediment might not be removed by this
method and may result in the water heater making rumbling or
boiling noises.
DELIMING SOLVENTS
If the temperature-pressure relief valve on the appliance weeps
or discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal expansion.
You may have a check valve installed in the water line or a water
meter with a check valve. Consult your local water supplier or
service agency for further information. Do not plug the temperaturepressure relief valve.
Hydrochloric base acids are not recommended for use on glasslined tanks.
CAUTION
Observe handling instructions on label of product being used.
22
Draining
6. Follow instructions in the “Filling The Water Heater” section.
7. Check for leaks.
8. Follow the lighting Instructions in the “Lighting and Operating
Instructions” section to restart the water heater.
The water heater should be drained if being shut down during freezing
temperatures. Also periodic draining and cleaning of sediment from
the tank may be necessary.
1. Turn the gas control knob to the “OFF” position.
FIGURE 19.
2. Open a nearby hot water faucet until the water is cool and leave
the faucet open.
3. Close the cold water inlet valve to the water heater.
Service
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate to an adequate drain.
Before calling for repair service, read the “Start Up Conditions”
and “Operational Conditions” found in the “For Your Information”
section of this manual.
5. OPEN the water heater drain valve to allow for tank draining.
NOTE: If the water heater is going to be shut down and
drained for an extended period, the drain valve should be
left open with hose connected allowing water to terminate
to an adequate drain.
If a condition persists or you are uncertain about the operation of
the water heater contact a service agency. If you are not thoroughly
familiar with gas codes, your water heater, and safety practices,
contact your gas supplier or qualified installer to check the
water heater.
6. CLOSE the drain valve.
7. Follow instructions in the “Filling The Water Heater” section.
8. Follow the lighting instructions on the label or the “Lighting and
Operating Instructions” section to restart the water heater.
Use the ”Leakage Checkpoints” guide to check a “Leaking”
water heater. Many suspected “Leakers” are not leaking tanks.
Often the source of the water can be found and corrected.
Drain Valve Washer Replacement FOR
SELECTED MODELS WITH PLASTIC DRAIN VALVES
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater make
sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”, and never turn the gas
“ON” before the tank is completely full of water.
(See Figure 19)
1. Turn “OFF” gas supply to water heater.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely filled with water.
To prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water.
Water must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas
to the water heater.
2. Follow “Draining” instructions.
3. Turning counterclockwise (
screw handle.
), remove the hex cap below the
4. Remove the was her and put the new one in place.
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater make
sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”, and never turn the gas
“ON” before the tank is completely full of water.
5. Screw the handle and cap assembly back into the drain valve
and retighten using a wrench. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN.
23
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS
Never use this water heater unless it is completely filled with water.
To prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water.
Water must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas
to the water heater.
A. Water at the draft hood is water vapor which has condensed out
of the combustion products. This is caused by a problem in the
vent. Contact the gas utility.
B. *Condensation may be seen on pipes in humid weather or pipe
connections may be leaking.
C. *The anode rod fitting may be leaking.
D. Small amounts of water from temperature-pressure relief valve
may be due to thermal expansion or high water pressure in your
area.
E. *The temperature-pressure relief valve may be leaking at the
tank fitting.
F. Water from a drain valve may be due to the valve being slightly
opened.
G. *The drain valve may be leaking at the tank fitting.
H. Combustion products contain water vapor which can condense
on the cooler surfaces of the tank. Droplets form and drip onto
the burner or run on the floor. This is common at the time of
start-up after installation and when incoming water is cold.
I. Water in the water heater bottom or on the floor may be from
condensation, loose connections, or the relief valve. DO NOT
replace the water heater until a full inspection of all possible water
sources is made and necessary corrective steps taken.
Leakage from other appliances, water lines, or ground seepage
should also be checked.
* To check where threaded portion enters tank, insert cotton
swab between jacket opening and fitting. If cotton is wet, follow
“Draining” instructions in the “Periodic Maintenance” section and
then remove fitting. Put pipe dope or teflon tape on the threads
and replace. Then follow “Filling the Water Heater” instructions
in the “Installing the New Water Heater” section.
24
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES
These guidelines should be utilized by a qualified service agent.
Problem
Cause
Solution
Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply connection, WATER LEAKS
LEAKING T&P VALVE
SMELLY WATER
PILOT WILL NOT LIGHT
BURNER WILL NOT
STAY LIT
PILOT OUTAGE
NOT ENOUGH
HOT WATER
WATER TOO HOT
relief valve, drain valve, or thermostat threads.
Leakage from other appliances or water lines.
Inspect other appliances near water heater.
Condensation of flue products.
Refer to CONDENSATION.
Thermal expansion in closed water system.
Install thermal expansion tank (DO NOT plug T&P valve).
Improperly seated valve.
Check relief valve for proper operation
(DO NOT plug T&P valve).
High sulfate or mineral content in water supply.
Drain and flush heater thoroughly, then refill.
Bacteria in water supply.
Chlorinate or aerate water supply.
Gas control knob not positioned correctly.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Main gas supply off.
Turn on main gas shutoff valve.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Match not close to pilot
Locate pilot, move match closer.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Defective Gas Control.
Replace Gas Control.
Dirty pilot burner.
Clean pilot assembly.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Defective Gas Control.
Replace Gas Control.
Thermocouple tip is not in contact with pilot flame.
Insert thermocouple correctly.
Heater not lit or thermostat not on.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Thermostat set too low.
Refer to TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
Heater undersized.
Reduce hot water use.
Low gas pressure.
Contact your gas supplier.
Incoming water is unusually cold.
Allow more time for heater to re-heat.
Leaking hot water pipes or fixtures.
Have plumber check and repair leaks.
High temperature limit switch activated.
Contact a service agency to determine cause.
Thermostat set too high.
Refer to TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
WATER HEATER SOUNDS Condensation dripping on burner.
SIZZLING OR
RUMBLING
SOOTING
Tighten threaded connections.
Refer to CONDENSATION.
Sediment or calcium in bottom of heater tank.
Clean sediment from tank. Refer to DRAINING
instructions in Maintenance section of manual.
Improper combustion.
No adjustment available. Contact a service agency to determine cause.
Lack of supply air.
VENT GAS ODORS
Improperly installed vent piping.
Contact a service agency to determine cause.
Downdraft.
Poor combustion.
25
NOTES
26
WARRANTY
Limited Warranty
Lochinvar, LLC the warrantor, extends the following LIMITED WARRANTY to the owner of this water heater.
1. THE TANK
If the glass-lined tank in this water heater shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to have leaked due to natural corrosion from potable water therein,
during the first THREE years after initial installation, the warrantor will supply a complete new Lochinvar water heater of equivalent size and current model at the
warrantor's option. Some government agencies are requiring energy efficient standards for water heaters. In the event regulations prohibit sale of a model of
equivalent size and construction, Lochinvar will provide a model which complies with the regulations of your area, in which case the consumer will be charged the
difference in price between the like replacement and the energy efficient model required. The warranty on the replacement water heater will be limited to the
unexpired term of the original warranty.
2. ALL OTHER PARTS
If within ONE year after initial installation of this water heater, any part or portion shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to be defective in material or
workmanship, the warrantor will repair or replace such part or portion at its option.
3. CONDITIONS AND EXCEPTIONS
This warranty shall apply only when the water heater is installed in accordance with local plumbing and building codes, ordinances and regulations, the printed
instructions provided with it and good industry practices. In addition, a temperature and pressure relief valve, certified by CSA and approved by the American
Society of Mechanical Engineers, must have been installed.
a. This warranty shall apply only when the water heater is:
(1) owned by the original purchaser;
(2) used at temperatures not exceeding the maximum setting of its thermostat;
(3) used at water pressure not exceeding the working pressure shown on the heater;
(4) used when operated free of the damaging effects of uncontrolled water hammer;
(5) used when filled with potable water, free to circulate at all times;
(6) used in a non-corrosive and non-contaminated atmosphere;
(7) used with factory approved anode(s) installed;
(8) in its original installation location;
(9) in the United States, its territories or possessions, and Canada;
(10) sized in accordance with proper sizing techniques for commercial water heaters;
(11) bearing a rating plate which has not been altered, defaced or removed except as required by the warrantor;
(12) fired at the factory rated input using the fuel stated on the rating plate in the case of gas models or fired at the proper voltage and wattage in the
case of electric models
(13) maintained in accordance with the instructions printed in the manual included with the water heater.
b. Any accident to the water heater, any misuse, abuse (including freezing) or alteration of it, any operation of it in a modified form, or any attempt
to repair tank leaks will void this warranty.
c. This warranty is void if a device acting as a backflow prevention device (check valves etc.) is installed in the cold water supply the heater is
connected to, unless an effective method of controlling thermal expansion is also installed at the heater(s) and operational at all times.
The temperature and pressure relief valve installed on the heater is not an acceptable method.
4. SERVICE AND REPAIR EXPENSES
Under the limited warranty the warrantor will provide only a replacement water heater or part thereof. The owner is responsible for all other costs. Such costs
may include but are not limited to:
a. Labor charges for service removal, repair or reinstallation of the water heater or any component part;
b. Shipping, delivery, handling, and administrative charges for forwarding the new heater or replacement part from the nearest distributor and returning
the claimed defective heater or part to such distributor.
c. All cost necessary or incidental for any material and/or permits required for installation of the replacement.
5. LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES
Implied warranties, including the warranty of merchantability imposed on the sale of this heater under state law are limited to one (1) year duration for the heater
or any of its parts. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you.
6. CLAIM PROCEDURE
Any claim under the warranty should be initiated with the dealer who sold the water heater, or with any other dealer handling the warrantor’s
products. If this is not practicable, the owner should contact:
Lochinvar, LLC
300 Maddox Simpson Pkwy
Lebanon, TN 37090
(615) 889-8900
a. The warrantor will only honor replacement with identical or similar water heater or parts thereof which are manufactured or distributed by the
warrantor.
b. Dealer replacements are made subject to in-warranty validation by warrantor.
7. DISCLAIMERS
NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY HAS BEEN OR WILL BE MADE IN BEHALF OF THE WARRANTOR WITH RESPECT TO THE MERCHANTABILITY
OF THE HEATER OR THE INSTALLATION, OPERATION, REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE WATER HEATER. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT BE
RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER DAMAGE, LOSS OF USE OF THE UNIT, INCONVENIENCE, LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL PROPERTY OR OTHER
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT BE LIABLE BY VIRTUE OF THIS WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE FOR DAMAGE TO ANY
PERSONS OR PROPERTY, WHETHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT, AND WHETHER ARISING IN CONTRACT OR TORT.
a. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of the incidental or consequential damage, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to
you.
b. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Fill in the following for your own reference. Keep it. Registration is not a condition of warranty. The model and serial number are found on the heater’s rating plate.
Date Installed________________________Model No.____________________________________________Serial No._________________________________________
Dealer’s Name _____________________________________________________________________Phone No.________________________________________________
Dealer’s Address__________________________________________________City and State________________________________________Zip Code________________
FILL IN WARANTY AND KEEP FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
27
300 Maddox Simpson Parkway
Lebanon, TN 37090
Phone: 615-889-8900 • Fax: 615-547-1000
Technical Service email: [email protected]
www.Lochinvar.com
Copyright © 2011 Lochinvar, LLC, All rights reserved.
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