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87 KB
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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS 08 88 58 (May 2014)
-----------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
NEW
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 08 - OPENINGS
SECTION 08 88 58
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL TOWER CAB GLASS
05/14
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
SUMMARY
1.2
DEFINITIONS
1.2.1
ATCT
1.2.2
Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)
1.2.3
Deterioration of Coated Glass
1.2.4
Deterioration of Glass
1.2.5
Deterioration of Insulating Glass
1.2.6
Deterioration of Laminated Glass
1.2.7
Designer of Record (DOR)
1.2.8
Fabricator
1.2.9
Glass Thickness
1.2.10
Interspace
1.2.11
Manufacturer
1.2.12
Tower Cab Glass
1.3
REFERENCES
1.4
SUBMITTALS
1.5
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.6.1
Glass Engineer Qualifications
1.6.2
Fabricator Qualifications
1.6.3
Insulating Glass Certification Program
1.6.4
Installer Qualifications
1.6.5
Single-Source Responsibility
1.6.6
Product Certificates
1.6.7
Glazing Accessories
1.6.8
Setting and Sealing Materials
1.7
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.8
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
1.9
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
1.9.1
Local/Regional Materials
1.9.2
Sealants VOC Content
1.9.3
Environmental Data
1.10
WARRANTY
1.10.1
Warranty for Insulating-Glass Products
1.10.2
Warranty for Laminated-Glass Products
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 1
1.10.3
PART 2
Warranty for Coated-Glass Products
PRODUCTS
2.1
SYSTEM DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
2.1.1
Cab Glazing Design Analysis
2.1.2
Structural Performance
2.1.3
Thermal Performance
2.1.4
Antiterrorism Performance
2.1.5
Windborne-Debris-Impact Performance
2.1.6
Tower Cab Glass Location and Sizes
2.1.7
Tower Cab Glass Slope
2.2
GLASS MATERIALS
2.2.1
Annealed Glass
2.2.2
Insulated Glass
2.2.3
Laminated Glass Interlayers
2.2.4
Interspace
2.3
TOWER CAB GLASS ASSEMBLIES
2.3.1
Laminated Annealed Glass Units
2.3.2
Low-E Coated Laminated Annealed Glass Units
2.3.3
Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units
2.3.4
Low-E Coated Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units
2.4
SETTING AND SEALING MATERIALS
2.4.1
Elastomeric Sealant
2.4.2
Preformed Channels
2.4.3
Sealing Tapes
2.4.4
Setting Blocks and Edge Blocks
2.4.5
Aluminum Framing Glazing Gaskets
2.4.6
Glazing Accessories
2.5
FABRICATION
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
GLAZING, GENERAL
3.2
PREPARATION
3.3
GLASS SETTING
3.3.1
Manufacturer's Instructions
3.3.2
Tolerances and Clearances of Units
3.3.3
Insulating Glass Units
3.3.4
Seismic Installation
3.3.5
Laminated Glass Units
3.4
CLEANING
3.4.1
Cleaning Prior to Final Inspection
3.5
PROTECTION
3.6
WASTE MANAGEMENT
3.7
MAINTENANCE MANUALS
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 2
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS 08 88 58 (May 2014)
-----------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
NEW
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 88 58
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL TOWER CAB GLASS
05/14
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers the
requirements for engineered outward sloping low-iron
clear annealed tower cab glass for use in military
air traffic control towers.
Edit this guide specification for project specific
requirements by adding, deleting, or revising text.
For bracketed items, choose applicable items(s) or
insert appropriate information.
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable items(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The Designer of Record's (DOR) selection of
tower cab glass performance and related systems must
comply with the UFC including, at a minimum, UFC
1-200-01, General Building Requirements, UFC
3-301-01, , Structural Engineering and UFC
4-133-01N, Navy Air Traffic Control Facilities; if
seismic design is required UFC 3-310-04, Seismic
Design for Buildings; and if antiterrorism
protection is required UFC 4-010-01, DoD Minimum
Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings.
Coordinate tower cab glass with supporting glazing
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 3
framing system and design performance requirements
applicable to the location of the air traffic
control tower cab. Selection of framing system and
glass units are integral to the performance as a
whole and how glazing system is anchored to the
structure. Coordinate with glass and framing
systems manufacturer's anticipated design
thicknesses and the connection between the glass the
frame, the "bite", which is how far the glass is
imbedded into the frame.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: On the drawings, show:
1. Locations of each type of tower cab glass unit,
using the same terminology as in the specification.
2. Outward slope angle of tower cab glass.
3. Dimension and shape of tower cab glass units.
4. Frame and edge details indicating method of
glazing, glass-edge bite requirements, and system
anchorage.
5. Wind pressure on tower cab glass.
6. Whether tower cab glass is 'basic' or 'enhanced'
per ASTM E1886 or ASTM E1996, as applicable.
In the specifications, show blast pressure and
design method: standard air blast, dynamic, or
computational, when antiterrorism protection is
applicable.
**************************************************************************
PART 1
1.1
GENERAL
SUMMARY
This specification covers engineered tower cab glass for use in military
air traffic control towers. Engineering of the tower cab glass is
delegated to an approved Glass Engineer. The tower cab glass is used where
air traffic is visually controlled and having tower cab glass free of
optical distortions or other obstructions that can block or distort vision
is critical to air traffic control operations.
1.2
1.2.1
DEFINITIONS
ATCT
Air Traffic Control Tower
1.2.2
Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)
The party that regulates the design and construction process for the
project on behalf of the Government.
[1.2.3
Deterioration of Coated Glass
Defects developed from normal use and weather conditions that are
attributed to the manufacturing process and not to causes other than glass
breakage and practices for maintaining and cleaning coated glass contrary
to fabricator's directions. Defects include peeling, cracking, and other
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 4
indications of deterioration in metallic coating.
]1.2.4
Deterioration of Glass
Defects developed from normal use and weather conditions that are
attributed to the manufacturing process and not to causes other than glass
breakage and practices for maintaining and cleaning glass contrary to
fabricator's directions. Defects include glass found to be out of
compliance with ASTM C1036.
[1.2.5
Deterioration of Insulating Glass
Failure includes, but is not limited to, failure of the hermetic seal under
normal use and weather conditions due to causes other than glass breakage
and improper practices for maintaining and cleaning insulating glass.
Evidence of failure is the obstruction of vision by dust, moisture, film,
or minerals on the surfaces of insulated glass facing the interspace or
optical distortions (ghosting or double-images) not due to improper
practices for maintaining and cleaning glass not in in compliance with the
manufacturer's or fabricator's directions.
]1.2.6
Deterioration of Laminated Glass
Defects developed from normal use and weather conditions that are
attributed to the manufacturing process and not to glass breakage and
practices for maintaining and cleaning laminated glass contrary to
manufacturer's or fabricator's directions. Defects include edge
separation, delamination, materially obstructing vision through glass, and
blemishes exceeding those allowed by referenced laminated glass standard.
1.2.7
Designer of Record (DOR)
Architect or Engineer planning and designing the building and site and
preparing the contract documents on behalf of the Government.
1.2.8
Fabricator
Where used in this Section to refer to a firm that fabricates glass units
as defined in the referenced glazing standards.
1.2.9
Glass Thickness
Nominal glass thickness indicated by thickness designation per glass ply
according to ASTM C1036.
[1.2.10
Interspace
Air- or inert gas-filled space between lites of an insulating-glass unit.
]1.2.11
Manufacturer
Where used in this Section to refer to a firm that produces primary glass
or fabricated glass as defined in the referenced glazing standard.
1.2.12
Tower Cab Glass
Air traffic control tower cab glass as indicated on the Drawings.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 5
Copolymer Molding and Extrusion Compounds
ASTM D395
(2014) Standard Test Methods for Rubber
Property - Compression Set
ASTM E1300
(2012a; E 2012) Determining Load
Resistance of Glass in Buildings
ASTM E1886
(2013a) Standard Test Method for
Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain
Walls, Doors, and Impact Protective
Systems Impacted by Missile(s) and Exposed
to Cyclic Pressure Differentials
ASTM E1996
(2014a) Standard Specification for
Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain
Walls, Doors, and Impact Protective
Systems Impacted by Windborne Debris in
Hurricanes
ASTM E2129
(2010) Standard Practice for Data
Collection for Sustainability Assessment
of Building Products
ASTM E2190
(2010) Standard Specification for
Insulating Glass Unit Performance and
Evaluation
ASTM E2461
(2012) Standard Practice for Determining
the Thickness of Glass in Airport Traffic
Control Tower Cabs
ASTM F1642
(2012) Standard Test Method for Glazing
and Glazing Systems Subject to Airblast
Loadings
ASTM F2248
(2012) Standard Practice for Specifying an
Equivalent 3-Second Duration Design
Loading for Blast Resistant Glazing
Fabricated with Laminated Glass
ASTM F2912
(2011) Standard Specification for Glazing
and Glazing Systems Subject to Airblast
Loadings
GLASS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA (GANA)
GANA Glazing Manual
(2004) Glazing Manual
GANA Laminate Manual
(2009) Laminated Glazing Reference Manual
GANA Sealant Manual
(2008) Sealant Manual
INSULATING GLASS MANUFACTURERS ALLIANCE (IGMA)
IGMA TB-3001
(2001) Guidelines for Sloped Glazing
IGMA TM-3000
(1990; R 2004) North American Glazing
Guidelines for Sealed Insulating Glass
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 7
Copolymer Molding and Extrusion Compounds
ASTM D395
(2014) Standard Test Methods for Rubber
Property - Compression Set
ASTM E1300
(2012a; E 2012) Determining Load
Resistance of Glass in Buildings
ASTM E1886
(2013a) Standard Test Method for
Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain
Walls, Doors, and Impact Protective
Systems Impacted by Missile(s) and Exposed
to Cyclic Pressure Differentials
ASTM E1996
(2014a) Standard Specification for
Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain
Walls, Doors, and Impact Protective
Systems Impacted by Windborne Debris in
Hurricanes
ASTM E2129
(2010) Standard Practice for Data
Collection for Sustainability Assessment
of Building Products
ASTM E2190
(2010) Standard Specification for
Insulating Glass Unit Performance and
Evaluation
ASTM E2461
(2012) Standard Practice for Determining
the Thickness of Glass in Airport Traffic
Control Tower Cabs
ASTM F1642
(2012) Standard Test Method for Glazing
and Glazing Systems Subject to Airblast
Loadings
ASTM F2248
(2012) Standard Practice for Specifying an
Equivalent 3-Second Duration Design
Loading for Blast Resistant Glazing
Fabricated with Laminated Glass
ASTM F2912
(2011) Standard Specification for Glazing
and Glazing Systems Subject to Airblast
Loadings
GLASS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA (GANA)
GANA Glazing Manual
(2004) Glazing Manual
GANA Laminate Manual
(2009) Laminated Glazing Reference Manual
GANA Sealant Manual
(2008) Sealant Manual
INSULATING GLASS MANUFACTURERS ALLIANCE (IGMA)
IGMA TB-3001
(2001) Guidelines for Sloped Glazing
IGMA TM-3000
(1990; R 2004) North American Glazing
Guidelines for Sealed Insulating Glass
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 7
Units for Commercial & Residential Use
U.S. NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION (NARA)
16 CFR 1201
1.4
Safety Standard for Architectural Glazing
Materials
SUBMITTALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The submittal description (SD) numbers and
names, assigned by the SPECSINTACT Configuration,
Control and Coordinating Board, relate to the
terminology of the technical sections and should not
be changed.
Review SD definitions in Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL
PROCEDURES and edit the following list to reflect
only the submittals required for the project.
Submittals should be kept to the minimum required
for adequate quality control.
The Guide Specification technical editors have
designated those items that require Government
approval, due to their complexity or criticality,
with a "G". Generally, other submittal items can be
reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control System.
Some submittals are already marked with a “G”. Only
delete an existing “G” if the submittal item is not
complex and can be reviewed through the Contractor’s
Quality Control system. Only add a “G” if the
submittal is sufficiently important or complex in
context of the project.
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
Choose the bracketed Government approval only when
needed. Choose the bracketed approving authority
codes for Army projects only when needed.
Submittal requirements are organized using the
standard eleven classifications. Only the
classifications applicable are included in this
Section.
An "S" following a submittal item indicates that the
submittal is required for the Sustainability
Notebook to fulfill federally mandated sustainable
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 8
requirements in accordance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
Submittal items not designated with a "G" are
considered as being for information only for Army
projects and for Contractor Quality Control approval
for Navy projects.
**************************************************************************
Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;
submittals not having a "G" designation are for [Contractor Quality Control
approval.][information only. When used, a designation following the "G"
designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for the
Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the
Sustainability Notebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY
REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:
SD-02 Shop Drawings
Tower Cab Glass; G[, [_____]]
Submittals which graphically show complete details of the proposed
setting methods, mullion details, edge blocking, dimension of
glass, dimension of openings, frame details and materials, and
types of thickness of glass, coatings, coating position,
laminates, and other aspects of the work.
SD-03 Product Data
**************************************************************************
NOTE: "Product Data for IEQ credit" Subparagraph
below applies to LEED-NC and LEED-CS; coordinate
with requirements for glazing sealants.
**************************************************************************
[
][
][
][
]
Laminated Annealed Glass; G[, [_____]]
Low-E Coated Laminated Annealed Glass; G[, [_____]]
Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units; G[, [_____]]
Low-E Coated Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units; G[, [_____]]
Setting and Sealing Materials; G[, [_____]]
Glazing Accessories; G[, [_____]]
Submit manufacturer of the glass lites and the fabricator of the
insulating units. Submit descriptive product data, handling and
storage recommendations, installation instructions, and cleaning
instructions from both the manufacturer of the glass lites and the
fabricator of the insulating and laminated units.
[
]
[
][
][
Product Data for IEQ credit: For field-applied glazing sealants documentation including declaration of VOC content.
SD-04 Samples
Laminated Annealed Glass; G[, [_____]]
Low-E Coated Laminated Annealed Glass; G[, [_____]]
Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units; G[, [_____]]
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 9
[Low-E Coated Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units; G[,
[_____]]
Setting and Sealing Materials including color; G[, [_____]]
Glazing Accessories; G[, [_____]]
]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Coordinate quantity of glass samples required
with the Contracting Officer.
**************************************************************************
Provide [three][_____] 300 mm 12 inch by 300 mm 12 inch samples of
tower cab glass units.
SD-05 Design Data
Cab Glazing Design Analysis; G[, [_____]]
Submit design analysis with glass engineering calculations showing
that the design of each size and type of glass unit and its
attachment to the glazing framing system and surrounding structure
conform to project requirements. Indicate the structural
performance of each glass unit proposed for use under the given
loads as prepared and signed by an approved glass engineer. The
size, composition of the glazing units, and details determined by
the design analysis must be reflected in the shop drawings of all
impacted trades and assemblies.
Glass Wind Load Calculations; G[, [_____]]
SD-06 Test Reports
Compatibility and adhesion test reports
Standard Airblast Test
[
]
SD-07 Certificates
Glass Engineer Qualifications
Fabricator Qualifications
Insulating Glass Certification
Installer Qualifications
Product Certificates
Local/Regional Materials
Environmental Data
[
]
[
][
][
]
[
][
][
Product Certificates for MR credit: For products and materials
required to comply with requirements for regional materials
indicating location and distance from Project of material
manufacturer and point of extraction, harvest, or recovery for
each raw material. Include statement indicating cost for each
regional material and the fraction by weight that is considered
regional.
SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data
Maintenance Manuals
Warranty for insulating glass products]
Warranty for laminated glass products
Warranty for coated-glass products
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 10
]1.5
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
Provide glazing systems that are engineered, produced, fabricated, and
installed to withstand normal thermal movement,[ and] wind loading[, and
impact loading] without failure including loss of glass or glass breakage
attributable to the following: defective manufacture, fabrication, and
installation, failure of sealants or gaskets to remain watertight and
airtight, deterioration of glazing materials, visual distortion, blockage
of vision, and other defects impacting use or performance. [Provide glazing
systems that conform to antiterrorism protection blast pressure and design
method or air blast test indicated.]
Normal thermal movement results from the following maximum change (range)
in ambient and surface temperatures acting on glass-framing members and
glazing components. Base engineering calculation on materials' actual
surface temperatures due to both solar heat gain and nighttime sky heat
loss expected for the service life of the tower.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Verify temperature range at project site with
range shown. Provide new data if site specific
range is greater than default.
**************************************************************************
Temperature Change (Range): [ 67 degrees C120 degrees F][_____], ambient; [
100 degrees C180 degrees F][_____], material surfaces.
Design, engineering, fabrication, and installation must comply with all
applicable requirements.
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Determine qualifications required for the
Glass Engineer. In the U.S., a registered
professional engineer is required; outside the U.S.,
consider specifying alternate licensing requirements
(second set of brackets) where the services of a
U.S. registered professional engineer may not be
feasible. Alternate requirements must be
coordinated with the Contracting Officer. Select
requirements and delete items not required.
**************************************************************************
1.6.1
Glass Engineer Qualifications
Glass Engineer must be a registered professional engineer in [a U.S. state
or territory][_____] experienced in the design of glass who has
successfully completed a minimum of [five][_____] air traffic control tower
cab glass projects and possesses no less than [five][_____] years of
experience with similar projects in nature, size, and extent to this air
traffic control tower; being familiar with special requirements indicated;
and having complied with requirements of the AHJ.
1.6.2
Fabricator Qualifications
Provide qualifications for fabricators for glass units who have
successfully completed a minimum of five air traffic control tower cab
glass projects similar in nature, size, and extent to this air traffic
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 11
control tower including successful in-service performance [and is a
qualified insulating glass fabricator who is approved and certified by the
[coated ]glass manufacturer.]
[1.6.3
Insulating Glass Certification Program
Provide insulating glass units permanently marked either on spacers or at
least one component lite of units with appropriate certification label of
inspecting and testing agency:
a. Insulating Glass Certification Council (IGCC).
b. Associated Laboratories, Inc. (ALI).
c. National Certified Testing Laboratories (NCTL).
]1.6.4
Installer Qualifications
Engage an experienced installer who has installed similar glazing
assemblies in material, design, and extent to the indicated for this
Project with a record of successful in-service performance. Installer must
be certified under the National Glass Association's certified glass
installer program as level Y2 (Senior Glaziers) or level Y3 (Master
Glazier). Equivalent or better certification may be considered if
acceptable to the Contracting Officer.
1.6.5
Single-Source Responsibility
Obtain all tower cab glass from one source. Obtain glazing accessories
from one source for each product and installation method indicated.
1.6.6
Product Certificates
Signed by glazing materials manufacturers certifying that their products
comply with specified requirements. Submit certificates to indicate that
materials meet specified requirements. Permanent marking safety glass
approval on glass lower corner exposed to view is required unless that
requirement is waived by the AHJ.
1.6.7
Glazing Accessories
Submit certificates from the manufacturers attesting that the accessories
meet the project requirements including requirements set by the glass
engineer designing the glass and supports.
Provide compatibility and adhesion test reports from manufacturer of
insulating glass edge sealant indicating that glass edge sealants were
tested for compatibility with other glazing materials including sealants,
glazing tape, gaskets, setting blocks, and edge blocks.
1.6.8
Setting and Sealing Materials
ASTM C1087. Submit data from the manufacturer attesting that the sealant
used in glazing is compatible with the laminated glass interlayer or
primary and secondary sealants in insulated units where applicable.
Provide compatibility and adhesion test reports from sealant manufacturer;
indicating that glazing materials were tested for compatibility and
adhesion with glazing sealant. Include sealant manufacturer's test results
relative to sealant performance and recommendations for primers and
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 12
substrate preparation required for adhesion.
1.7
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
Deliver products to the site in unopened containers labeled plainly with
manufacturers' names and brands.
Tower cab glass must be boxed, crated, and shipped to the site
vertical position or as directed by the fabricator. The tower
must be stored in a vertical position against a sturdy support
of approximately 7 degrees from vertical or as directed by the
in a
cab glass
at an angle
fabricator.
For insulating glass units that will be exposed to substantial altitude
changes between location of fabrication and project site or in transit to
project site, comply with insulating-glass manufacturer's written
recommendations for preventing hermetic seal ruptures at any point or
bowing inward or outward of glazing lites when installed due to pressure
differentials between interspace air or gas pressure and ambient air
pressure at project location.
Tower cab glass and setting materials must be stored in a safe, dry
location with adequate ventilation free from heavy dust and must permit
easy access for inspection and handling. Unpack glass at time of
installation, or as directed by Contracting Officer.
Unpack glass from the front of the case or container and avoid sliding the
glass against itself or any un-cushioned materials. Stack individual lites
on edge using clean, cushioned pads placed at the quarter points of the
bottom edge. Protect all edges from impact and use a clean dry separating
materials.
1.8
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
Do not proceed with glazing when ambient and substrate temperature
conditions are outside limits permitted by the glazing material
manufacturers and when glazing channel substrates are wet from rain, frost,
condensation, or other causes.
Do not install liquid glazing sealants when ambient and substrate
temperature conditions are outside limits permitted by glazing sealant
manufacturer or below 5 degrees C40 degrees F.
1.9
[1.9.1
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
Local/Regional Materials
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include "Regional Materials" Paragraph below
for LEED-NC, or LEED-CS, MR credit; before
retaining, verify availability of materials that
comply. Coordinate with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING. Use second option if
Contractor is choosing local products in accordance
with Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
First option must not be used for USACE projects.
Army projects must include second option only if
pursuing this LEED credit.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 13
a. Refer to drawings for classification of tower cab requiring basic or
enhanced protection.
[ b. Large-Missile Test: For glazing located within 9.1 m 30 feet of grade.
][c. Small-Missile Test: For glazing located more than 9.1 m 30 feet above
grade.
]]2.1.6
Tower Cab Glass Location and Sizes
Refer to Drawings for location, size intent, and geometry of tower cab
glass units.
2.1.7
Tower Cab Glass Slope
Provide outward slope indicated on the drawings for tower cab glass.
2.2
GLASS MATERIALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insulated glass systems should be used where
required for thermal insulation or condensation
control. Use air- or inert gas-filled interspace
for insulated glass only.
**************************************************************************
Tower cab glass thicknesses shown on the Drawings or specified herein are
minimums. Manufacturer must certify that glass can withstand all forces
specified.
a. The thickness of the tower cab glass must be determined the Glass
Engineer complying with ASTM E2461 for a probability of breakage of 1
lite per 1000.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: "Probability of Breakage for Sloped Glazing"
Subparagraph below is more conservative than ASTM
E1300 and the IBC, which are based on a probability
of breakage of 8 lite per 1000.
**************************************************************************
b. No on-site grinding or buffing of the glass is allowed. Glass edges must
be clean cut, undamaged, and flat ground.
c. Probability of Breakage for Sloped Glazing: For glass surfaces sloped
from vertical, the thickness of the tower cab glass must be determined
by ASTM E2461 for a probability of breakage not greater than 1 lite per
1000 at the first occurrence of the design wind loading.
d. Glass subject to accidental human impact must be glazed with laminated
safety glass in accordance with 16 CFR 1201 and ANSI Z97.1.
2.2.1
Annealed Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Tower cab glazing recommended for air traffic
control towers is low-iron clear float glass.
Standard clear glass is not recommended because of
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 19
lower visible light transmission compared to
low-iron glass. However, where new glass is to
match existing adjacent glass that is not low-iron
the Contracting Officer may elect to approve
standard glass. Tinted glass is not allowed for cab
glazing.
Heat strengthened, tempered, and chemically
strengthened glass is not allowed for cab glazing
because of optical distortions created by the
strengthening process. Glass clad polycarbonate is
also not allowed.
Coordinate with user and mechanical engineer if a
Low-E coating is to be applied to glass to improve
the glass unit's thermal properties. The Low-E
coating has some affect on the visible light
transmission, though this is considered an
acceptable trade-off because of the increased
comfort levels for the controllers in the tower cab.
Select one of the float glass products below as the
tower cab glass. Retain or modify following
sub-paragraphs as required.
**************************************************************************
Low-iron annealed float glass must be ASTM C1036, Type I, Class I (Clear),
quality q3; and with visible light transmission of not less than 91 percent
and solar heat gain coefficient of not less than 0.90 for 6 mm 1/4 inch
thickness with the following quantities:
a. Allowable scratches: None.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select one of the following paragraphs below
based on consultation with glass manufacturer on
recommended glazing for tower cab. Wind design
criteria developed by structural engineer, size of
glass units, and cab glass framing system will
dictate required assembly of cab glass.
**************************************************************************
[2.2.2
Insulated Glass
Insulating-glass components must be as required to factory-assemble glass
units with hermetically sealed dehydrated interspace, qualified according
to ASTM E2190.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Base selection of sealing system of insulated
glass units on compatibility with other glazing
materials. For example, glazing systems installed
with silicone glazing sealants generally require the
same material for secondary sealing of
insulating-glass units.
Insulating glass units inner and outer lites may not
remain parallel if fabricated at one elevation level
and transported or installed at higher elevations.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 20
requirements.
The UFC cited International Building Code (IBC)
requires that design wind speed and resulting
pressure used for design of exterior components and
cladding be determined by the DOR and be indicated
on the construction drawings.
Verify the current standard for determining wind
pressure and antiterrorism protection requirements
with UFC 1-200-01. Wind (and impact, hurricane, and
tornado) design guidance is found in UFC 3-301-01.
If anti-terrorism protection is a factor, coordinate
with UFC 4-010-01 and referenced requirements.
The DOR is responsible for determining the
antiterrorism protection requirements and for
indicating loads, durations, and method of design in
the specifications.
**************************************************************************
a. Design Wind Pressure: As indicated on the Drawings.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Deflection requirements in "Maximum Lateral
Deflection" Subparagraph below are examples only and
apply only to glass supported on all four edges.
The IBC does not contain any deflection limits for
glass. ASTM E1300 requires that the deflection not
result in loss of edge support. Revise to suit
Project.
Modify maximum lateral deflection where insulated
glass units are being shipped through, or installed
at, substantially different altitudes than place of
fabrication to keep inner and outer lite parallel to
avoid optical distortions (ghosting/double images).
**************************************************************************
b. Maximum Lateral Deflection: Tower cab glass is supported on all four
edges, limit center-of-glass deflection at design wind pressure to not
more than [1/50][_____] times the short-side length or 25 mm 1 inch,
whichever is less.
2.1.3
Thermal Performance
Glazing must be designed in response to full calendar year project site
climatic conditions and sun angles in coordination with tower cab
mechanical systems assuring that maximum visibility is afforded while
thermal effects that could overwhelm mechanical systems or cause
condensation on interior or exterior surfaces of the glass are prevented.
[2.1.4
Antiterrorism Performance
**************************************************************************
NOTE: "Antiterrorism Performance" is optional to
designer, and must be omitted or revised as needed
to meet project requirements.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 16
Minimum Antiterrorism Performance - Glazing must meet the minimum
antiterrorism performance criteria specified in the paragraphs below.
Conformance to the performance requirements must be validated by[ one of]
the following method[s].
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The blank in the following paragraph
(Computational Design Analysis Method) should be the
value of the equivalent 3-second duration design
loading obtained from Figure 1 of ASTM F2248 for the
explosive weight and standoff distance combination
that is being designed for in this project.
**************************************************************************
[ a. Computational Design Analysis Method - Cab glazing must be designed to
the criteria listed herein. Computational design analysis must include
calculations verifying the structural performance of each glazing unit
proposed for use, under the given static equivalent loads. Glazing
resistance must be greater than equivalent 3-second duration loading of
[_____] Pascal [_____] pounds per square foot (psf). The glazing frame
bite for the cab frames must be in accordance with ASTM F2248.
]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The blanks in the following paragraph
(Dynamic Design Analysis Method) should be the value
of the peak positive pressure and impulse for the
explosive weight and standoff distance combination
that is being designed for in this project. Choose
the first bracketed items, low hazard rating/very
low level of protection for inhabited building
occupancy as defined in UFC 4-010-01. Choose the
second bracketed items, very low hazard rating/low
level of protection for primary gathering building
occupancy as defined in UFC 4-010-01. The values
for input into the blanks in the following paragraph
related to 'ductility ratio' and 'maximum support
rotation' can be found in Engineering Technical
Report (PDC TR-10-02) titled Blast Resistant Design
Methodology for Window Systems Designed Statically
and Dynamically at USACE Protective Design Center:
https://pdc.usace.army.mil/library/tr/10-02)
**************************************************************************
[ b. Dynamic Design Analysis Method - Cab glazing must be designed using a
dynamic analysis to prove the glazing will provide performance
equivalent to or better than a [low][very low] hazard rating in
accordance with ASTM F2912 associated with the applicable [very low]
[low level] of protection for the peak positive pressure of [_____]
kilopascals (kPa) [_____] pounds per square foot (psf) and positive
phase impulse of [_____] kilopascal-millisecond (kPa-msec) [_____]
pounds per square inch - millisecond (psi-msec). The allowable
response limits of aluminum frame elements for low level of protection
requirements are as follows: Maximum ductility ratio of [_____] and
maximum support rotation of [_____] degrees.
]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The blanks in the following paragraph
(Standard Airblast Test Method) should be the value
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 17
of the peak positive pressure and impulse for the
explosive weight and standoff distance combination
that is being designed for in this project. Choose
the first bracketed items, low hazard rating/very
low level of protection for inhabited building
occupancy as defined in UFC 4-010-01. Choose the
second bracketed items, very low hazard rating/low
level of protection for primary gathering building
occupancy as defined in UFC 4-010-01.
**************************************************************************
[ c. Standard Airblast Test Method - As an alternative to 'Dynamic Design
Analysis Method' indicated above, glazing may be tested for evaluation
of hazards generated from airblast loading in accordance with ASTM F1642
by an independent testing agency regularly engaged in blast testing.
For proposed glazing systems that are of the same type as the tested
system but of different size, the test results may be accepted provided
the proposed glazing size is within the range from 25 percent smaller
to 10 percent larger in area and aspect ratio of the original qualified
tested glazing systems. Proposed glazing of a size outside this range
must require testing to evaluate their hazard rating or are certified
by the 'Dynamic Design Analysis Method' indicated above. Testing may
be by shock tube or arena test. The test must be performed on the
entire proposed glazing system, which must include, but not be limited
to, the glazing, its framing/support system, operating devices, and all
anchorage devices. Anchorage of the glazing support system must
replicate the method of installation to be used for the project. The
minimum airblast loading parameters for the test must be as follows:
peak positive pressure of [_____]kilopascal (kPa) [_____] pounds per
square inch (psi) and positive phase impulse of [_____]
kilopascal-millisecond (kPa-msec) [_____] pounds per square inch millisecond (psi-msec). The hazard rating for the proposed glazing
systems, as determined by the rating criteria of ASTM F1642, to provide
performance equivalent to or better than a [low][very low] hazard
rating (i.e. the "No Break", "No Hazard", "Minimal Hazard" and "Very
Low Hazard" ratings are acceptable. "Low Hazard" and "High Hazard"
ratings are unacceptable) associated with the applicable [very low][low
level] of protection. Results of glazing systems previously tested by
test protocols other than ASTM F2912 may be accepted provided the
required loading, hazard level rating, and size limitations stated
herein are met.
]][2.1.5
Windborne-Debris-Impact Performance
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Retain "Windborne-Debris-Impact Resistance"
Paragraph if required by Project. The UFC cited IBC
defines windborne debris regions. Enhanced
protection applies to essential facilities. Verify
site specific requirements with the AHJ. Delete
items not required.
**************************************************************************
Exterior glazing must comply with indicated basic or enhanced protection
testing requirements in ASTM E1996 for [Wind Zone 1] [Wind Zone 2] [Wind
Zone 3] [Wind Zone 4] when tested according to ASTM E1886. Test specimens
must be no smaller in width and length than glazing indicated for use on
Project and must be installed in same manner as glazing indicated for use
on Project.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 18
a. Refer to drawings for classification of tower cab requiring basic or
enhanced protection.
[ b. Large-Missile Test: For glazing located within 9.1 m 30 feet of grade.
][c. Small-Missile Test: For glazing located more than 9.1 m 30 feet above
grade.
]]2.1.6
Tower Cab Glass Location and Sizes
Refer to Drawings for location, size intent, and geometry of tower cab
glass units.
2.1.7
Tower Cab Glass Slope
Provide outward slope indicated on the drawings for tower cab glass.
2.2
GLASS MATERIALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insulated glass systems should be used where
required for thermal insulation or condensation
control. Use air- or inert gas-filled interspace
for insulated glass only.
**************************************************************************
Tower cab glass thicknesses shown on the Drawings or specified herein are
minimums. Manufacturer must certify that glass can withstand all forces
specified.
a. The thickness of the tower cab glass must be determined the Glass
Engineer complying with ASTM E2461 for a probability of breakage of 1
lite per 1000.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: "Probability of Breakage for Sloped Glazing"
Subparagraph below is more conservative than ASTM
E1300 and the IBC, which are based on a probability
of breakage of 8 lite per 1000.
**************************************************************************
b. No on-site grinding or buffing of the glass is allowed. Glass edges must
be clean cut, undamaged, and flat ground.
c. Probability of Breakage for Sloped Glazing: For glass surfaces sloped
from vertical, the thickness of the tower cab glass must be determined
by ASTM E2461 for a probability of breakage not greater than 1 lite per
1000 at the first occurrence of the design wind loading.
d. Glass subject to accidental human impact must be glazed with laminated
safety glass in accordance with 16 CFR 1201 and ANSI Z97.1.
2.2.1
Annealed Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Tower cab glazing recommended for air traffic
control towers is low-iron clear float glass.
Standard clear glass is not recommended because of
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 19
lower visible light transmission compared to
low-iron glass. However, where new glass is to
match existing adjacent glass that is not low-iron
the Contracting Officer may elect to approve
standard glass. Tinted glass is not allowed for cab
glazing.
Heat strengthened, tempered, and chemically
strengthened glass is not allowed for cab glazing
because of optical distortions created by the
strengthening process. Glass clad polycarbonate is
also not allowed.
Coordinate with user and mechanical engineer if a
Low-E coating is to be applied to glass to improve
the glass unit's thermal properties. The Low-E
coating has some affect on the visible light
transmission, though this is considered an
acceptable trade-off because of the increased
comfort levels for the controllers in the tower cab.
Select one of the float glass products below as the
tower cab glass. Retain or modify following
sub-paragraphs as required.
**************************************************************************
Low-iron annealed float glass must be ASTM C1036, Type I, Class I (Clear),
quality q3; and with visible light transmission of not less than 91 percent
and solar heat gain coefficient of not less than 0.90 for 6 mm 1/4 inch
thickness with the following quantities:
a. Allowable scratches: None.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select one of the following paragraphs below
based on consultation with glass manufacturer on
recommended glazing for tower cab. Wind design
criteria developed by structural engineer, size of
glass units, and cab glass framing system will
dictate required assembly of cab glass.
**************************************************************************
[2.2.2
Insulated Glass
Insulating-glass components must be as required to factory-assemble glass
units with hermetically sealed dehydrated interspace, qualified according
to ASTM E2190.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Base selection of sealing system of insulated
glass units on compatibility with other glazing
materials. For example, glazing systems installed
with silicone glazing sealants generally require the
same material for secondary sealing of
insulating-glass units.
Insulating glass units inner and outer lites may not
remain parallel if fabricated at one elevation level
and transported or installed at higher elevations.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 20
Provide grade elevation of ATCT above sea level
either on drawings or in specifications.
**************************************************************************
a. Sealing System: Units must be double sealed. Primary seal must be
polyisobutylene; secondary seal must be silicone.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Spacer must be stainless steel for the
following reasons, stronger and keeping hermetic
seals intact during installation, and better thermal
performance than other spacer materials.
**************************************************************************
b. Spacer: Stainless steel.
c. Desiccant: Molecular sieve or silica gel, or a blend of both.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Breather tubes must not be allowed for
insulated glass units. Coordinate with manufacturer
the need for capillary tubes only if use is approved
by the Contracting Officer and only if use does not
limit warranty coverage.
Capillary Tube - Typically 0.25 to 0.50 mm 0.01 to
0.02 inch inside diameter stainless steel tubes,
approximately 305 mm 12 inch long, and are left open
after installation. Capillary tubes are used in low
humidity mountainous areas of the country to
equalize pressure. The 305 mm 12 inch long tube
minimizes moisture entering unit, but in small glass
units, this can still be significant amount of
moisture.
Breather Tube - Typically 3 mm 1/8 inch inside
diameter aluminum tubes, 75 to 150 mm 3 to 6 inches
long that are sealed after installation. Breather
tubes are used to allow for pressure differentials
during shipping. Concern is will humidity enter
dehydrated interspace during manufacturing and
shipping. Some manufacturers will not honor
warranty if glass unit has breather tube.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Antiterrorism performance rated glass,
windborne debris region rated glass, and safety
glass are required to be laminated glass. One or
all of these requirements may apply to the tower cab
glass design.
**************************************************************************
][2.2.3
Laminated Glass Interlayers
Laminated glass must comply with the GANA Laminate Manual and interlayer
must comply with ASTM C1172. Use materials that have a proven record of no
tendency to bubble, discolor, or lose physical and mechanical properties
after fabrication and installation.
a. Interlayer Material: [Polyvinyl butyral (PVB) interlayer] [Ionomeric
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 21
polymer interlayer] [or] [Cast-in-place and cured-transparent-resin
interlayer] used in compliance with the interlayer manufacturer's
written instructions.
b. Interlayer Thickness: Provide thickness not less than that indicated and
as needed to comply with engineered requirements.
c. Interlayer Color: Clear.
][2.2.4
Interspace
The inner and outer lites of insulated glass units must be separated by a
12.7 mm 1/2-inch minimum hermetically sealed interspace. The entrapped air
or gas must be dehydrated by a drying agent. Tower cab glass must be
fabricated for use at the installation’s elevation above mean sea level
(AMSL). Units must be free of any optical distortion at the time of
installation.
]2.3
TOWER CAB GLASS ASSEMBLIES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Requirements for control tower cab glazing are
for the sizes and details on the current standard
control tower drawings. Any modification from
standard will be made only with the approval of the
Contracting Officer.
If spare units are required for a particular project
an "Extra Materials" paragraph must be developed for
PART 1 which identifies the items, states
quantities, and indicates to whom, when and where to
be delivered.
For overseas work the following subparagraph will
also be added: When units from other than a United
States manufacturer are proposed for use, the
manufacturer must prove successful use of the
insulating glazing units in aircraft control tower
cabs to the Contracting Officer.
**************************************************************************
Tolerances and clearances for units must be designed to prevent the
transfer of stress in metal frames to the glass under all design
conditions. Resilient setting blocks, spacer strips, clips, bolts,
washers, angles, glazing sealants, and resilient channels must be of the
type recommended in the glass manufacturer's approved written instructions.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For better thermal performance, a
Low-Emissivity (Low-E) coating on glass is
recommended for most locations. Low-E coating
selection must have minimal impact on the visible
light transmittance, as the importance of visible
transmittance of light is critical to the cab
operation. Coordinate with glass manufacturer,
Contracting Officer, and mechanical engineer
regarding selection of Low-E coating.
For insulated glass units, Low-E coating should be
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 22
on one of the glass surfaces facing the interspace;
on the interior-side surface in heating-dominated
buildings and on the exterior-side surface (inside
surface of the exterior pane) in cooling-dominated
buildings. (The number one (1) surface of the glass
is always the exterior face of the glass assembly;
surfaces are counted on each ply of glass with the
highest numbered surface facing the interior of the
building.
When selecting glass and a coating, verify with
manufacturer/fabricator if Low-E coating is either
pyrolytic or vacuum applied to glass. Be aware that
currently applying Low-E coating to glass thicker
than 6 mm 1/4 inch is problematic. If required on
glass thicker than 6 mm 1/4 inch consider using
laminated glass. Coordinate with glass
manufacturer/fabricator.
Pyrolytic coatings (hard coat) are applied by glass
manufacturer during the manufacturing process and
are integral to the glass. Pyrolytic coatings are
more durable than vacuum deposit. Easier to ship,
handle, and install. This Low-E coating is used on
single panes of glass where Low-E coating is
exposed. (Verify if selecting laminated glass, if
low-E is required to be pyrolitically applied.)
Vacuum deposit (Sputter) coatings (soft coat) can be
applied by either manufacturer, or fabricator of
glass. Vacuum deposit coatings require special
handling and storage to protect the coating.
Typically only used in insulated glass units, as
coating requires protection. Vacuum deposit offers
more coating options and improved solar, thermal,
and light-to-solar gain options than the pyrolitic
process.
Coordinate with glass manufacturer's and
fabricator's thermal performance of glass assembly.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The use of Low-E coating on the glass is
recommended for most climates, however caution
should be used. It is problematic to apply to glass
thicker than 6 mm 1/4 inch. If the glass layup is
required to be thicker, then it is possible to use
multiple layers of laminated glass (i.e., 6 mm 1/4
inch glass plus 1.52 mm 0.060 inch interlayer plus
12.7 mm 1/2 inch glass plus 1.52 mm 0.060-inch
interlayer plus 12.7 mm 1/2 inch glass) with the
Low-E on the 6 mm 1/4 inch lite when required.
Use greater interlayer thicknesses for improved
impact and blast resistance as determined by the
glass engineer. It is not recommended to use
thickness less than 1.52 mm 0.060 inch.
**************************************************************************
[ **************************************************************************
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 23
NOTE: The assembly of laminated glass can be done a
number of different ways. It can be with or without
a Low-E coating. It can be assembled in two, three,
or more plies of varying glass ply thicknesses or
the same thicknesses. Modify following paragraphs as
necessary for selection of this cab glazing.
**************************************************************************
][2.3.1
Laminated Annealed Glass Units
Glass Type: Low-iron clear laminated glass with no less than two plies of
low-iron annealed float glass.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Provide overall unit thickness minimum based
on concept design and including total glass
thickness and interlayer thickness. These will be
minimums as delegated glass engineering may
increases unit thicknesses.
**************************************************************************
a. Overall Unit Thickness:
[_____] mm [_____] inch minimum.
b. Minimum Thickness of Each Glass Ply: 3 mm 1/8 inch.
c. Interlayer Thickness: 1.52 mm 0.060 inch minimum each.
][2.3.2
Low-E Coated Laminated Annealed Glass Units
Glass Type: Low-iron clear Low-E laminated glass with [two] [_____] plies
of low-iron annealed float glass.
a. Overall Unit Thickness:[_____] [_____] mm [_____] inch minimum.
b. Minimum Thickness of Each Glass Ply: 3 mm 1/8 inch.
c. Interlayer Thickness: 1.52 mm 0.060 inch minimum each.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where low-e coating is required at laminated
uninsulated glass, provide pyrolitic hard coat at
external surface when approved by the Contracting
Officer or on surface approved or provide approved
low-e film between two plies of interlayers.
**************************************************************************
d.
Low-E Performance: [Pyrolytic hard coat on first surface (out of four
surfaces total)] [Pyrolytic hard coat on fourth surface (out of four
surfaces total)] [Low-E film between two plies of interlayer].
e.
Winter Nighttime U-Factor: [_____] maximum.
f.
Summer Daytime U-Factor: [_____] maximum.
g.
Visible Light Transmittance: [_____] percent minimum.
h.
Solar Heat Gain Coefficient: [_____] maximum.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 24
][2.3.3
Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units
Glass Type: Insulating laminated low-iron clear annealed float glass.
a. Overall Unit Thickness: [_____] mm [_____] inch minimum.
b. Outdoor Lite: Low-iron clear laminated glass with two plies of low-iron
annealed float glass.
1) Minimum Thickness of Each Glass Ply: 3 mm 1/8 inch.
2) Interlayer Thickness: 1.52 mm 0.060 inch minimum each.
c. Interspace Content: [Air][Argon].
d. Indoor Lite: Low-iron clear laminated glass with two plies of low-iron
annealed float glass
Minimum Thickness of Each Glass Ply: 3 mm 1/8 inch.
2) Interlayer Thickness: 1.52 mm 0.060 inch minimum each.
e. Winter Nighttime U-Factor: [_____] maximum.
f. Summer Daytime U-Factor: [_____] maximum.
g. Visible Light Transmittance: [_____] percent minimum.
h. Solar Heat Gain Coefficient: [_____] maximum.
][2.3.4
Low-E Coated Insulated Laminated Annealed Glass Units
Glass Type: Insulating laminated Low-E coated low-iron clear annealed float
glass.
a. Overall Unit Thickness:
[_____] mm [_____] inch minimum.
b. Outdoor Lite: Low-iron clear laminated glass with two plies of low-iron
annealed float glass.
1) Minimum Thickness of Each Glass Ply: 3 mm 1/8 inch.
2) Interlayer Thickness: 1.52 mm 0.060 inch minimum each.
c. Interspace Content: [Air][Argon].
d. Low-E Coating: [Pyrolytic on fourth] [Pyrolytic on fifth] [Sputtered on
fourth] [Sputtered on fifth] surface (out of eight surfaces total).
e. Indoor Lite: Low-iron clear laminated glass with two plies of low-iron
annealed float glass
1) Minimum Thickness of Each Glass Ply: 3 mm1/8 inch.
2) Interlayer Thickness: 1.52 mm0.060 inch minimum each.
f. Winter Nighttime U-Factor: [_____] maximum.
g. Summer Daytime U-Factor: [_____] maximum.
h. Visible Light Transmittance: [_____] percent minimum.
i. Solar Heat Gain Coefficient: [_____] maximum.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 25
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS 08 88 58 (May 2014)
-----------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
NEW
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 08 - OPENINGS
SECTION 08 88 58
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL TOWER CAB GLASS
05/14
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
SUMMARY
1.2
DEFINITIONS
1.2.1
ATCT
1.2.2
Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)
1.2.3
Deterioration of Coated Glass
1.2.4
Deterioration of Glass
1.2.5
Deterioration of Insulating Glass
1.2.6
Deterioration of Laminated Glass
1.2.7
Designer of Record (DOR)
1.2.8
Fabricator
1.2.9
Glass Thickness
1.2.10
Interspace
1.2.11
Manufacturer
1.2.12
Tower Cab Glass
1.3
REFERENCES
1.4
SUBMITTALS
1.5
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.6.1
Glass Engineer Qualifications
1.6.2
Fabricator Qualifications
1.6.3
Insulating Glass Certification Program
1.6.4
Installer Qualifications
1.6.5
Single-Source Responsibility
1.6.6
Product Certificates
1.6.7
Glazing Accessories
1.6.8
Setting and Sealing Materials
1.7
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.8
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
1.9
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
1.9.1
Local/Regional Materials
1.9.2
Sealants VOC Content
1.9.3
Environmental Data
1.10
WARRANTY
1.10.1
Warranty for Insulating-Glass Products
1.10.2
Warranty for Laminated-Glass Products
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 1
PART 3
3.1
EXECUTION
GLAZING, GENERAL
Comply with combined recommendations of manufacturers of glass, sealants,
gaskets, and other glazing materials, except where more stringent
requirements are indicated, including those in referenced glazing
publications.
Install tower cab glass at outward slope indicated on the drawings.
Glazing channel dimensions as indicated on Drawings provide necessary bite
on glass, minimum edge and face clearances, and adequate sealant
thicknesses, with reasonable tolerances. Adjust as required by Project
conditions during installation.
Protect glass from edge damage during handling and installation as follows:
a. Use a rolling block in rotating glass units to prevent damage to glass
corners. Do not impact glass with metal framing. Use suction cups to
shift glass units within openings; do not raise or drift glass with a
pry bar. Rotate glass lites with flares or bevels on bottom horizontal
edges so edges are located at top of opening, unless otherwise
indicated by manufacturer's label.
b. Remove damaged glass from Project site and legally dispose of off site.
Damaged glass is glass with edge damage or other imperfections that,
when installed, weaken glass and impair performance and appearance.
Apply primers to joint surfaces where required for adhesion of sealants, as
determined by preconstruction sealant-substrate testing.
Install elastomeric setting blocks in sill rabbets, sized and located to
comply with referenced glazing standard, unless otherwise required by glass
manufacturer. Set blocks in thin course of compatible sealant suitable for
heel bead.
Do not exceed edge pressures stipulated by glass manufacturers for
installing glass lites.
Provide spacers for glass as follows:
a. Locate spacers inside, outside, and directly opposite each other.
Install correct size and spacing to preserve required face clearances,
except where gaskets and glazing tapes are used that have demonstrated
ability to maintain required face clearances and comply with system
performance requirements.
b. Provide manufacturer's recommended minimum bite of spacers on glass and
use thickness equal to sealant width. With glazing tape, use thickness
slightly less than final compressed thickness of tape.
Provide edge blocking to comply with requirements of referenced glazing
publications, unless otherwise required by glass manufacturer. Prevent
shifting of glass units within the mullion rabbets which could cause loss
of required bite.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 27
3.2
PREPARATION
Preparation, unless otherwise specified or approved, must conform to
applicable recommendations in the GANA Glazing Manual, GANA Sealant Manual,
IGMA TB-3001, IGMA TM-3000, and manufacturer's recommendations.
Determine
the sizes to provide the required edge clearances by measuring the actual
opening to receive the glass. Grind smooth in the shop glass edges that
will be exposed in finish work. Leave labels in place until the
installation is approved, except remove applied labels on insulating glass
units as soon as glass is installed. Securely fix movable items or keep in
a closed and locked position until glazing compound has thoroughly set.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Retain following paragraph if the speed of
construction of the air traffic control tower is not
of the essence. The cab glazing and structural
framing system dimensions can sometimes be distorted
by weight of cab roof assembly or temperature/ solar
heat gain where radiant energy of the sun causes
some opening sizes to vary during installation
process.
**************************************************************************
[ Where tower cab glass mullions also structurally support the tower cab roof
and penthouse, the full dead load of the tower cab roof, not including the
tower cab ceiling grid and panels, must be applied before taking final
measurements of the tower cab glazing openings. The tower cab glass must
then be fabricated to fit those actual dimensions.
] Inspect glazing units to locate exterior and interior surfaces.
Temporarily label or mark units as needed so that exterior and interior
surfaces are readily identifiable. Do not use materials that leave visible
marks in the completed Work.
Clean glazing channels and other framing members receiving glass
immediately before glazing. Remove coatings not specified as permanently
bonded to substrates.
Ensure that glazing framing weep system must not be obstructed during
installation of glazing. Coordinate installation with glazing frame
manufacturer's instructions, and requirements.
3.3
GLASS SETTING
Shop glaze or field glaze items to be glazed using glass of the quality and
thickness specified or indicated. Glazing, unless otherwise specified or
approved, must conform to applicable recommendations in the
GANA Glazing Manual, GANA Sealant Manual, IGMA TB-3001, IGMA TM-3000, and
manufacturer's recommendations. Handle and install glazing materials in
accordance with manufacturer's instructions. Use beads or stops which are
furnished with items to be glazed to secure the glass in place. Verify
products are properly installed, connected, and adjusted.
3.3.1
Manufacturer's Instructions
Comply with the manufacturer's warranty and written instructions. Confirm
that additional specified requirements are accepted by the manufacturer in
writing. Secure glass in place with bolts and spring clips. The minimum
clearance between bolts and edge of glass unit must be 5 mm 3/16 inch. The
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 28
glass must be edged, top and bottom, with 5 mm 3/16 inch thick continuous
neoprene, vinyl, or other approved material. Trim edging after
installation. The channel shapes or strips must be firmly held against the
glass by the spring action of the extruded metal moldings or metal bars.
Resilient setting blocks, spacer strips, clips, bolts, washers, angles,
applicable glazing compound, and resilient channels or cemented-on
materials must be as recommended in the written instructions of the glass
manufacturer which must be submitted and approved prior to shipping the
tower cab glass.
3.3.2
Tolerances and Clearances of Units
Design to prevent the transfer of stress in the setting frames to the
glass. Springing, twisting, or forcing of units during setting is not
permitted.
[3.3.3
Insulating Glass Units
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete following paragraph if cab glass units
are not insulated glass units.
**************************************************************************
Springing, forcing, or twisting of units during setting is not permitted.
Handle units so as not to strike frames or other objects. Installation
mustconform to applicable recommendations of IGMA TB-3001 and IGMA TM-3000.
][3.3.4
Seismic Installation
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete following paragraph if cab glass units
are not being installed in high seismic area.
**************************************************************************
Comply with the following requirements for seismic installation.
a. Glass Corner and Edge Cushioning: Padding consisting of 50-70 shore
durometer hardness material should be placed in the glazing channel or
on the glass edges/corners to avoid any glass to frame contact.
b. Gasket Performance: Gasket should have a positive lock-in method so that
gasket will not disengage from metal framing system during up and down
and side-to-side movement.
c. Setting Blocks and Supports: Permanently mount setting block and
supports to frame using a compatible sealant. Use anti-walk blocks.
]3.3.5
Laminated Glass Units
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete following paragraph if cab glass units
are not laminated glass.
**************************************************************************
Frames which are to receive laminated glass must be weeped to the outside
to prevent water collection in channels or rabbets.
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 29
3.4
CLEANING
Follow recommendations of GANA Glazing Manual and the glass manufacturer.
Clean glass and metal frequently during construction. Clean glass surfaces
and remove labels, paint spots, and other defacement as required to prevent
staining. Glass must be cleaned with a soft, clean, grit-free cloth, mild
soap, detergent, or slightly acidic cleaning solution. Rinse immediately
after cleaning with water and promptly remove excess rinse water with a
clean squeegee. Razor blades or other sharp objects must not be used to
clean glass surfaces. Glass must be clean at the time the Work is accepted.
3.4.1
Cleaning Prior to Final Inspection
Clean glass at least one day prior to final inspection. Final inspection
will be performed during the day and at night. Inspection at night is
required verifying that the glass does not have optical distortions that
causes ghosting/double images. No additional work will be performed in
tower cab by the contractor after final inspection without permission of
contracting officer.
3.5
PROTECTION
Glass work must be protected immediately after installation. Glazed
openings must be identified with suitable warning tapes, cloth or paper
flags, attached with non-staining adhesives. Protective material must be
placed far enough away from the coated glass to allow air to circulate to
reduce heat buildup and moisture accumulation on the glass. Glass units
which are broken, chipped, cracked, abraded, or otherwise damaged during
construction activities must be removed and replaced with new units.
Follow recommendations of GANA Glazing Manual and the glass manufacturer.
Protect the glass from weld splatter by using plywood or heavy tarpaulins.
Do not place insulation over the glass for protection or keep shading
material on the glass because excess thermal buildup could result in glass
breakage. Do not allow materials to be stored or placed in contact with
the glass.
3.6
WASTE MANAGEMENT
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Float glass cannot be recycled with
beverage-container glass. Diverting waste from the
landfill contributes to the required LEED MR
credit. Coordinate with Section 01 74 19
CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION WASTE MANAGEMENT.
Designer must verify that items are able to be
disposed of as specified.
**************************************************************************
Disposal and recycling of waste materials, including corrugated cardboard
recycling, must be in accordance with the Waste Management Plan. Close and
seal tightly all partly used sealant containers and store protected in
well-ventilated, fire-safe area at moderate temperature.
3.7
MAINTENANCE MANUALS
Provide product manufacturer's published and written instructions for both
the maintenance and cleaning of the tower cab glass assemblies as installed
in the format compliant with the project requirements and as approved by
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 30
the Contracting Officer.
-- End of Section --
SECTION 08 88 58
Page 31
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