MP-2 User Guide
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
General Description
The MP-2 from Sound Devices is a studio-quality
two-channel, portable, stereo microphone
preamplifier. With its impressive audio performance
and comprehensive list of features including
headphone monitoring, metering and MS Matrix,
the MP-2 is a flexible front end device for
professional studio and field applications. Studio,
High Performance Microphone Inputs
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Features
Maximum of 66 dB of gain per input.
Premium Lundahl input transformers provide
superior sonic quality and freedom from
interference problems.
Sealed, conductive plastic potentiometers for
long-life, reliable gain adjustment.
Phantom power, selectable between 48-volts
and 15-volts.
High-pass filters with 80 or 160 Hz corner
frequencies, 6 dB per octave. Filters are
inserted prior to any active circuitry for extra
high headroom.
Audio Performance
•
•
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Dynamic range exceeding 110 dB.
10 Hz to 50 kHz audio bandwidth.
Exceptionally low distortion characteristics.
Discrete 6-transistor balanced output drivers
provide robust drive for long cable runs.
Headphone Monitoring
•
•
High current headphone monitor circuit enables
monitoring of program audio or external stereo
tape return audio.
Headphone level control and peak-indicator.
Level Metering
•
Sunlight-readable seven-segment GaN LED
output meters.
P/N 388.003
Printed in U.S.A
location, and live music engineers value the
compact size and ability to withstand extremes in
the field. The MP-2 combines rugged mechanical
and electronic construction, compact size, and highquality components. The MP-2 allows nocompromise performance for any application.
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Three-position LED brightness switch.
Two-color LEDs per input channel indicate
clipping and limiter activity.
M/S Stereo Matrix
•
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MS stereo decoder assigned to headphones, or
headphones and outputs.
Allows for flexible post-production processing.
Audio Limiters
•
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“Unclippable” input peak limiters via two-stage
opto-isolator circuit with adjustable limiter
threshold (per input).
Dual mono or linked stereo limiter operation.
Flexible Powering
•
•
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Internal battery-power from two AA batteries
with easy access battery compartment.
Chassis-isolated 5 to 18 VDC input for easy
external DC powering.
Power LED indicates low battery power.
Trouble Free Design
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High strength, extruded aluminum chassis with
protective metal end panels withstands
punishing field conditions.
All-metal connectors solidly mounted to the
chassis for durability and RF immunity.
Free from “Pin 1” grounding problems.
RF filtering on all inputs and outputs.
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
Specifications
Gain:
Mic Input to Output, per channel, continuously variable
Output
LINE
TAPE
Gain Range
16 – 66 dB
6 – 56 dB
Frequency Response (see graph below):
20 Hz – 30 kHz, +0.1, -0.5 dB
-1 dB at 5 Hz, 50 kHz
(relative to 1 kHz level with 150 ohm source, gain controls
set at 50%)
Equivalent Input Noise:
-126 dBu (-128 dBV) minimum
(150 ohm source, flat weighting, 22 – 22 kHz bandwidth,
gain control set at 50% or higher, phantom power off)
Input Clipping Level:
–10 dBu minimum, phantom off
0 dBu minimum, phantom on
Output Clipping Level:
Line
+22 dBu minimum with 100k ohm load
+20 dBu minimum with 600 ohm load
Tape
+11 dBu (2.75 V RMS) minimum with 100k ohm load
Dynamic Range:
110 dB minimum
THD + Noise:
0.05% maximum
(from 50 Hz to 22 kHz @ +4 dBu output level, 22 Hz - 22
kHz filter bandwidth, gain control at 50%, phantom off)
Common Mode Rejection Ratio:
100 dB minimum at 80 Hz
60 dB minimum at 10 kHz
Channel Separation:
Greater than 80 dB at 1 kHz (gain controls set to 50%)
Inputs:
Transformer-balanced, 2k ohm input impedance
Outputs:
XLR
Active, impedance-balanced, 120 ohm output
impedance
Tape (3.5 mm)
Unbalanced, tip-left, ring-right, sleeve-ground, 2.4k
ohm output impedance
High Pass Filters:
80 Hz or 160 Hz (switch selectable), 6 dB per octave
Phantom Power:
Limiter:
Thresholds independently adjustable from
–10 dBu to +18 dBu
10:1 limiting ratio
5 mS attack time, 100 mS release time
Amber/Red LED indicates limiting/clipping
Dual mono or stereo linked
Internal Voltage Rails:
+15 V and –15 V, regulated
Metering:
7 segment GaN (Gallium Nitride) meter with three levels
Peak responding
Power:
Internal
2 AA alkaline batteries, 6 hours life typical with +4
dBu signal into 600 ohms, no phantom power
External
5 - 18 VDC via threaded coaxial connector (5.5 mm
outer diameter, 2.1 mm inner diameter)
Pin positive, sleeve negative (50 mA min. at 12 VDC)
Voltages above 14 VDC cause no damage to unit, but
will open an internal poly fuse. Poly fuse will reset
when voltage is removed.
Power LED:
Green indicates power and good battery.
Red indicates power and low battery. LED turns red when
approximately 1 hour of battery life remain (with phantom
power off).
Green with external DC power.
Polarity:
All inputs to all outputs, non-inverting. Pin 2 of XLRs “hot”
to unbalanced inputs and outputs.
Operating Temperature Range:
0 to 70 degrees C
32 to 160 degrees F
Dimensions:
43 mm x 94 mm x 140 mm (h x w x d)
(1.7” x 3.7” x 5.5”)
Weight (unit only):
0.8 kg
2.0 lbs.
Weight (packaged):
1.2 kg
3.0 lbs.
Certifications:
Meets FCC Part 15 Class B
Eligible to bear CE mark (see conformance statement)
15 V through 680 ohm resistors or 48 V through 6.8k
resistors (switch selectable)
Page 2
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
Front Panel Controls, Connectors, and Indicators
2
9
4
11
MP-2
1
-30
-15
0
+4 +8 +12 +16
POWER
2
HP
ONLY
1
2
1
HP+
OUTS
MS MATRIX
3
1. Gain Controls
Adjusts the input gain form 16 to 66 dB via
sealed, conductive plastic rotary
potentiometers.
2. Input Peak/Limiter LED
Two-color LED illuminates red at 3 dB below
clipping; illuminates amber to indicate limiter
activity.
3. M/S Stereo Matrix Switch
Three-position switch assigns the MS decoder.
Left position decodes M/S to the headphones,
center position is off, and right position is M/S
decoding to the headphones and outputs (Line
Outputs and Tape Out). Connect Mid signal to
Input 1, Side signal to Input 2.
4. Output Meter
Indicates peak output level in dBu appearing at
the left and right outputs.
5. Meter Brightness Control Switch
Three-position switch adjusts the intensity of
illumination of the output meter; low
illumination, normal illumination, or superbright illumination.
METER
5
TAPE RTN
6
PHONES
7
INT EXT
8
10
7. Headphone Connector
Accepts stereo and mono headphones with ¼”
connectors.
8. Headphone Volume Control
Adjusts the level in the headphones.
9. Headphone Peak LED
Illuminates 3 dB before clipping of either
channel of the headphone circuit. Also
illuminates 3 dB before clipping of either
channel of Tape Return audio.
10. POWER Switch
Three-position switch selects the power
source. The unit is powered from internal
batteries when in the left position; powered
from external DC source when in the right
position. Center position is off.
11. POWER LED
Two-color LED illuminates green when the unit
is powered and changes to red when batteries
require changing. For external DC, the power
LED is always green.
6. Tape Return Switch
Toggle switch allows external audio to be
monitored in the headphones. The center
position is MP-2 program audio. The left and
right positions monitor tape return audio; the
left position is locking, and the right position is
momentary.
Page 3
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
Input Panel Connectors and Controls
15
16
TAPE OUT
TAPE RTN
LEVEL
L
1
48V
80
LINK
12V
160
ON
2
R
THRESHOLD
PHANTOM
13
14
12. MIC INPUTS
Transformer-balanced XLR inputs accepts
microphone level signals. Pin 2 = hot, pin 3 =
cold, pin 1 = ground.
13. PHANTOM Power
Three-position switch selects either 48-volt or
15-volt phantom power for both inputs. Center
position turns phantom power off.
14. High Pass Filter Switch
Three-position switch selects 80 Hz or 160 Hz
corner frequency filters, 6 dB per octave.
Filters affect both inputs. Center position of
switch removes filters from the signal path.
15. Tape Output
3.5 mm TRS stereo output (unbalanced) can
be used to feed consumer level DAT, MiniDisc,
and CD recorders. Tip = left, ring = right,
sleeve = ground.
Output Panel Connectors
L
LIMITER
MIC INPUTS
12
R
20
17
18
16. Tape Return Level Control
Recessed potentiometers adjust Tape Return
level feeding the Headphone Monitor.
17. Limiter Switch
Activates input peak limiter. ON position
functions as a dual mono limiter, with each
input signal controlling its own limiter. LINK
functions as a stereo limiter, with both left and
right inputs controlled simultaneously. Center
position of switch turns limiter off.
18. Limiter Threshold Level Control
Recessed potentiometers adjust peak level of
limiter activation. Can be independently
controlled for each input.
21
22
TAPE RTN
23
1(L)
19
19. Strap Slot
Attachment point for camera straps.
20. Tape Return Input Connector
3.5 mm TRS stereo (unbalanced) connector
allows external audio sources to be monitored
in the MP-2 Headphone circuit. Tip = left, ring
= right, sleeve = ground.
21. Left and Right Line Level Outputs
Active-balanced XLR line-level outputs. +22
dBu peak output level. Pin 2 = hot, pin 3 =
Page 4
2(R)
LINE OUTPUTS
5-14 VDC
-
+
cold, pin 1 = ground. Pin 3 can be grounded or
ungrounded to drive unbalanced inputs.
22. BATTERY Compartment
MP-2 operates on two AA batteries. Insert
positive (+) end of batteries first.
23. External DC Power Input
Accepts external DC power source (battery
supply or AC to DC transformer) from 5 - 18
VDC. Locking, threaded coaxial connector.
Center pin = positive, sleeve = negative.
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
Operational Notes
Input Circuitry
The isolation characteristics of transformers are
superior to other balancing techniques for the
adverse and uncontrolled environments of field
production. Input transformers provide complete
galvanic isolation from the source, meaning there
is no direct electrical connection. Signals are
“transformed” magnetically. The MP-2 features
expensive Lundahl input transformers, which are
unparalleled in sound quality. Lundahl input
transformers use premium magnetic core material
and advanced winding techniques to achieve high
signal handling capability and flat frequency
response while keeping distortion to a minimum.
Because of their inherently high common mode
impedance, transformers are unrivaled by any
other type of input for common-mode noise
rejection.
Output Circuitry and Tape Output
Each line level XLR output of the MP-2 uses a
discrete, six-transistor, “impedance balanced”
output stage. The circuit uses oversized, high
speed transistors to achieve low-distortion, robust
line driving capability. Pin 2 is driven with signal,
and pin 3 is not. [A common misunderstanding is
that a “balanced” output refers to equal and
opposite signals on pins 2 and 3. Correctly,
“balanced” refers to equal impedances from each
signal (pin 2 and pin 3) to ground, not the signal
voltage.] To drive unbalanced inputs, pin 3 can be
grounded or left unconnected. There is no change
in signal level driving balanced or unbalanced
inputs.
The Tape Output is designed to feed consumer
level devices, such as computer sound cards, DAT
or MiniDisc recorders, and cassette recorders. A
cable wired with 3.5 mm TRS to 3.5 mm TRS or,
3.5 mm TRS to Left/Right phono (RCA) connectors,
is useful when directly connecting the MP-2 to
portable consumer audio electronics.
Phantom Power
Microphones requiring phantom power should use
the lowest voltage acceptable to maximize MP-2
battery life. Condenser microphones that can
operate on phantom voltages from 11-52 volts will
not have a performance benefit with 48-volt
phantom; therefore 15-volt phantom is
appropriate. The 15-volt setting will increase
battery life versus the 48-volt setting.
Page 5
Microphones requiring 48-volt phantom will not
operate, or may operate with lower headroom and
increased distortion at the 15-volt setting;
therefore use 48-volt phantom for these mics.
Consult your microphone documentation.
Dynamic microphones do not require phantom
power. A properly connected balanced, dynamic
microphone will not be affected by the presence of
phantom power nor will it draw any current.
However, it is good practice to turn phantom
power off when not needed. Poor or incorrectly
wired microphone cable can cause audible artifacts
in microphone signals. Some wireless receivers
outputs are adversely affected by the presence of
phantom power, therefore, consult the wireless
receiver documentation.
High Pass Filter
The two-position high pass (low cut) filter in the
MP-2 is useful for removing excess low frequency
energy in audio signals. This excess energy can be
caused by multiple sources, including wind noise,
vibration, unidirectional proximity effect, or high
ambient noise levels. The 80 Hz position is
appropriate when recording general speech, music,
and ambient sound. The 160 Hz position is useful
to enhance speech clarity. The MP-2 high pass
circuit topology is unique in that the filters are
placed immediately after the input transformer,
before any active gain circuitry. This gives the
MP-2 higher headroom with low frequency signals,
as the low frequency signals are not amplified
before they are removed, as in most other designs.
The high pass filter is a single pole design (slope of
6 dB per octave) and uses high quality film
capacitors for very low distortion. The high pass
filter switch controls both inputs. The center
position of the switch removes the filter from both
audio paths.
When possible, attempt to equalize at the sound
source with microphone selection, use of
windscreens, shock mounts, microphone
placement, and onboard microphone filtering.
Multiple high pass filters (filters on microphones
and on the MP-2) will give an additive effect,
increasing the slope of the filter.
M/S Stereo Matrix
Mid/Side stereo recording is an often used stereo
technique for live music and sound effects
applications. With the implementation of the 5.1
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
audio specification for DTV, M/S stereo is often
used to capture stereo ambience.
The HP ONLY position routes M/S decoded signal
to the headphones, while sending unaffected Mid
and Side signals to the outputs. This allows the
flexibility of decoding later in post production while
monitoring in stereo to optimize microphone
placement. The HP + OUTS position can be used
to decode directly to the Line Outputs, Tape Out,
and Phones for decoding on location. The width of
the stereo image can be varied by changing the
gain of the Side (Input 2) signal relative to the Mid
(Input 1) signal. More side signal relative to the
mid signal widens the stereo image. Mono
compatibility is maintained with M/S stereo.
Headphone Monitoring and Tape Return
Headphone monitoring is an essential need in
production audio. The MP-2 enables monitoring of
program (mixer) audio or a second audio source.
In normal operation the headphones monitor the
output bus directly. Using the Tape Return input, a
second audio source can be monitored in the
headphones. This is useful to verify that signal is
reaching cameras and tape machines. The three
position Tape Return switch on the front panel
selects the audio source being monitored. The left
and right positions monitor the tape return audio.
Left is locking, and right is momentary. The center
position monitors the Left and Right outputs of the
MP-2. As the MP-2 can drive headphones to very
high levels, care should be exercised when
monitoring.
Limiters
The MP-2 has two built-in peak responding limiters,
one for each input channel. The three-position
LIMITER switch on the input panel activates both
channels limiters. Each limiter in the MP-2 is a twostage circuit; the first stage keeps the input gain
stage from clipping; the second stage limits the
variable gain stage to the level set by the Limiter
Threshold control. This unique two stage topology
limits the gain stage directly after the mic input
transformer, to make the front end virtually
“unclippable”, but does not change the input
impedance as other “at the mic” limiters do. The
circuit enables the MP-2 to limit, when necessary,
in excess of 50 dB, making it very difficult to clip
the unit no matter the gain setting.
The three-position Limiter switch can be set to
operate in either dual mono or stereo linked
Page 6
operation. Dual mono operation (ON switch
position) allows each input to limit independently,
responding only to its input signal. Stereo linked
operation (LINK switch position) connects both
limiters, ensuring that the limiters control both
channels identically. This linking is important for
stereo operation to maintain a proper stereo
image. When the limiters activate, the Peak/Limiter
LED on the front panel illuminates amber in
proportion to the amount of limiting for each
channel.
Metering
Above each input gain control is a two-color LED
that illuminates red when the input approaches
clipping (3 dB before clipping). This clip circuit
monitors both the front end gain stage and the
variable gain stage. If the audio signal clips
anywhere, this LED will show it. Above the
headphone level control, the headphone clip LED
shows when either channel of the headphone
circuit is nearing clipping level. The headphone clip
LED also shows when either channel of the tape
return audio is nearing clipping level. Between
these three clip indicators, any clipping, anywhere
in the mixer will be seen before it is heard.
When the limiter is activated, the input LED’s
illuminate amber in proportion to limiting action.
The MP-2 has a highly visible, seven segment LED
output meter. The meter is peak responding,
showing the instantaneous output level in dBu.
Peak readings are essential when the outputs feed
digital devices. The meter uses expensive Gallium
Nitride (GaN) LED’s which allow for excellent
viewing (with minimal current draw) under all
lighting conditions, including direct sunlight. The
front panel Meter Brightness switch controls the
meter brightness (low, normal, or super-bright).
The meter indicates a signal range of 46 dB. From
left to right the first three LED’s are separated by
15 dB and the next four LED’s are separated by 4
dB. This calibration provides a large dynamic range
with good resolution in the critical signal level
range.
Power Sources
The MP-2 is designed to operate from two internal
AA alkaline cells for approximately 6 hours with
typical signal levels (without phantom power).
External DC sources such as AC to DC transformers
and external battery supplies can also power the
MP-2. Because of its regulated power supply
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
circuitry, audio performance does not change
depending on battery or external DC voltage.
The external DC input supply is galvanically
isolated (floating) from the chassis and the rest of
the circuitry. The isolation provides trouble free
interconnection to other pieces of equipment
sharing the same DC power source. The center pin
of the locking DC connector is positive, and the
sleeve is negative. As the external DC supply is
floating, the positive or the negative can be
connected to the chassis with no adverse effects.
Battery Life
Two factors determine battery life - battery power
and current draw.
Battery Power
For internal power the MP-2 uses two AA sized 1.5volt batteries. Different batteries have different
power capacities depending on their battery
chemistry, age, operational temperature, and
amount of current being drawn. Alkaline cells are a
popular and cost-effective battery type. Lithium
cells have higher power per cell with higher current
draws and yield significantly longer battery life, at
a cost premium. AA carbon cells and AA nickelcadmium cells are not recommended internal
battery types in the MP-2 since these batteries
have lower power capacity than other types and
will result in very short service life. Temperature
has a significant effect on the life of batteries.
Lithium batteries are significantly better than
alkaline batteries at lower temperatures.
Current Draw
The MP-2 can vary significantly in the amount of
current it draws. Several functions of the MP-2
directly affect current draw in different ways. The
following list highlights the larger current drawing
functions. (listed from highest to lowest current
draw).
Page 7
1. Phantom power– the main source of extra MP2 current draw. (See Phantom Power) 48V
Phantom can draw copious amounts of current
out of the batteries depending on what model
microphone is used. Two phantom powered
microphones draw twice as much current as
one. Microphones vary widely in their current
draw depending on type and phantom voltage
applied.
2. Headphone output circuit – high headphone
output levels increase current draw.
3. Meter illumination intensity – higher meter
brightness increases current draw. The meter
can be switched to low for battery
conservation.
4. Output drive level – higher output drive levels
into low impedance inputs increases current
draw.
Experimentation is recommended to determine
battery life for each individual setup and
application. The chart below can be used as a
starting point to estimate battery life.
Battery
Type
Eveready AA
No. L91
(lithium)
Duracell AA
MN 1500
(alkaline)
Duracell AA
MN 1500
Duracell AA
MN 1500
Microphone
Type
Battery
Life
2 dynamic handheld
microphones, low meter, no
headphones
2 dynamic handheld
microphones, low meter, low
headphones
2 condenser, 12-volt phantom
powered microphones,
normal meter intensity,
normal headphone drive level
2 studio condenser, 48-volt
phantom powered
microphones, super bright
meter intensity, cranking
headphones
11 hrs.
6 hrs.
4 hrs.
2 hrs.
(Test conditions: 70 degrees F, 42 dB of gain with an acoustic
music source, 600 ohm load, +4 dBu output)
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-2 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
FCC Statement
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These
limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
CE Conformity Statement
Declaration of Conformity
According to ISO/IEC Guide 22
Manufacturer’s Name:
Sound Devices, LLC
Manufacturer’s Address:
Sound Devices, LLC
300 Wengel Drive
Reedsburg, WI 53959 USA
declares that the product:
MP-2 Professional Microphone Preamplifier
is in conformity with:
Document No.
EN55103-1 (1997)
Description
Emissions standard for product family audio devices for professional use
EN55103-2 (1997)
Immunity standard for product family audio devices for professional use
EN55022 (1995)/
CISPR 22 (1997)
Radiated and Conducted emissions, Class B
EN61000-4-2 (1995)/
IEC1000-4-2 (1995)
ESD – 6kV contact, 8kV air-discharge
EN61000-4-3 (1995)/
IEC1000-4-3 (1995)
Radiated RF Immunity, 10 V/m, 80% 1 kHz amplitude
modulation
EN61000-4-4 (1995)/
IEC1000-4-4 (1995)
EFT/Burst, I/O lines, +/- .25 kV to +/- 1.0 kV
EN61000-4-6 (1996)/
IEC1000-4-6 (1996)
Conducted RF Immunity, 10 V, 80% 1 kHz amplitude modulation
Tested by:
L. S. Compliance, Inc. Cedarburg, Wisconsin
December 16, 1999
Matthew Anderson
Director of Engineering
Warranty
Sound Devices, LLC warrants the MP-2 Microphone Preamplier against defects in materials and workmanship for a period of ONE (1) year
from date of original retail purchase. This is a non-transferable warranty that extends only to the original purchaser. Sound Devices, LLC
will repair or replace the product at its discretion at no charge. Warranty claims due to severe service conditions will be addressed on an
individual basis. THE WARRANTY AND REMEDIES SET FORTH ABOVE ARE EXCLUSIVE. SOUND DEVICES, LLC DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
SOUND DEVICES, LLC IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY BREACH
OF WARRANTY OR UNDER ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY. Because some jurisdictions do not permit the exclusion or limitations set forth
above, they may not apply in all cases.
For all service, including warranty repair, please send the MP-2, along with proof of purchase date to:
Sound Devices, LLC
Service Repair
300 Wengel Drive
Reedsburg, WI 53959 USA
Page 8
©1999-2000 Sound Devices, LLC
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