Integrated Synthesizer and VCO ADF4360-8 Data Sheet FEATURES

Integrated Synthesizer and VCO ADF4360-8 Data Sheet FEATURES
Integrated Synthesizer and VCO
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
FEATURES
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Output frequency range: 65 MHz to 400 MHz
3.0 V to 3.6 V power supply
1.8 V logic compatibility
Integer-N synthesizer
Programmable output power level
3-wire serial interface
Digital lock detect
Hardware and software power-down mode
The ADF4360-8 is an integrated integer-N synthesizer and
voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). The ADF4360-8 center
frequency is set by external inductors. This allows a frequency
range of between 65 MHz to 400 MHz.
Control of all the on-chip registers is through a simple 3-wire
interface. The device operates with a power supply ranging
from 3.0 V to 3.6 V and can be powered down when not in use.
APPLICATIONS
System clock generation
Test equipment
Wireless LANs
CATV equipment
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
AVDD
DVDD
RSET
CE
ADF4360-8
MUXOUT
MULTIPLEXER
REFIN
14-BIT R
COUNTER
LOCK
DETECT
CLK
DATA
24-BIT
DATA REGISTER
LE
MUTE
24-BIT
FUNCTION
LATCH
CHARGE
PUMP
CP
PHASE
COMPARATOR
VVCO
VTUNE
L1
L2
CC
CN
RFOUTA
VCO
CORE
13-BIT B
COUNTER
OUTPUT
STAGE
RFOUTB
04763-001
N=B
AGND
DGND
CPGND
Figure 1.
Rev. C
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ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
MUXOUT and Lock Detect...................................................... 10
Applications ....................................................................................... 1
Input Shift Register .................................................................... 11
General Description ......................................................................... 1
VCO ............................................................................................. 11
Functional Block Diagram .............................................................. 1
Output Stage................................................................................ 12
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Latch Structure ........................................................................... 13
Specifications..................................................................................... 3
Power-Up ..................................................................................... 17
Timing Characteristics ................................................................ 5
Control Latch .............................................................................. 19
Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................ 6
N Counter Latch ......................................................................... 20
Transistor Count ........................................................................... 6
R Counter Latch ......................................................................... 20
ESD Caution .................................................................................. 6
Applications..................................................................................... 21
Pin Configuration and Function Descriptions ............................. 7
Choosing the Correct Inductance Value ................................. 21
Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................. 8
Fixed Frequency LO ................................................................... 21
Circuit Description ......................................................................... 10
Interfacing ................................................................................... 22
Reference Input Section ............................................................. 10
PCB Design Guidelines for Chip Scale Package........................... 22
N Counter .................................................................................... 10
Output Matching ........................................................................ 23
R Counter .................................................................................... 10
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 24
PFD and Charge Pump .............................................................. 10
Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 24
REVISION HISTORY
11/12—Rev. B to Rev. C
Changes to Table 1 ............................................................................ 4
Changes to Table 3 ............................................................................ 6
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 24
2/12—Rev. A to Rev. B
Changes to Figure 3 and Table 4 ..................................................... 7
Changes to Output Matching Section .......................................... 23
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 24
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 24
01/05—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Changes to Table 1.............................................................................3
Changes to Table 2.............................................................................5
Changes to Figure 20...................................................................... 12
Added Power-Up Section .............................................................. 17
Deleted Power-Up Section ............................................................ 22
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 24
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 24
10/04—Revision 0: Initial Version
Rev. C | Page 2 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
SPECIFICATIONS 1
AVDD = DVDD = VVCO = 3.3 V ± 10%; AGND = DGND = 0 V; TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter
REFIN CHARACTERISTICS
REFIN Input Frequency
B Version
Unit
Conditions/Comments
10/250
MHz min/max
0.7/AVDD
0 to AVDD
5.0
±60
V p-p
min/max
V max
pF max
µA max
For f < 10 MHz, use a dc-coupled CMOS-compatible square wave,
slew rate > 21 V/µs.
AC-coupled
8
MHz max
2.5
0.312
2.7/10
0.2
2
1.5
2
mA typ
mA typ
kΩ
nA typ
% typ
% typ
% typ
1.5
0.6
±1
3.0
V min
V max
µA max
pF max
DVDD – 0.4
500
0.4
V min
µA max
V max
3.0/3.6
AVDD
AVDD
5
2.5
12.0
3.5 to 11.0
7
V min/V max
mA typ
mA typ
mA typ
mA typ
µA typ
400
MHz
Minimum VCO Output Frequency
VCO Output Frequency
65
88/108
MHz
MHz min/max
VCO Frequency Range
VCO Sensitivity
1.2
2
Ratio
MHz/V typ
Lock Time 6
Frequency Pushing (Open Loop)
400
0.24
µs typ
MHz/V typ
REFIN Input Sensitivity
REFIN Input Capacitance
REFIN Input Current
PHASE DETECTOR
Phase Detector Frequency 2
CHARGE PUMP
ICP Sink/Source 3
High Value
Low Value
RSET Range
ICP Three-State Leakage Current
Sink and Source Current Matching
ICP vs. VCP
ICP vs. Temperature
LOGIC INPUTS
VINH, Input High Voltage
VINL, Input Low Voltage
IINH/IINL, Input Current
CIN, Input Capacitance
LOGIC OUTPUTS
VOH, Output High Voltage
IOH, Output High Current
VOL, Output Low Voltage
POWER SUPPLIES
AVDD
DVDD
VVCO
AIDD 4
DIDD4
IVCO4, 5
IRFOUT4
Low Power Sleep Mode4
RF OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS5
Maximum VCO Output Frequency
CMOS-compatible
With RSET = 4.7 kΩ
1.25 V ≤ VCP ≤ 2.5 V
1.25 V ≤ VCP ≤ 2.5 V
VCP = 2.0 V
CMOS output chosen
IOL = 500 µA
ICORE = 5 mA
RF output stage is programmable
ICORE = 5 mA. Depending on L. See the
Choosing the Correct Inductance Value section.
L1, L2 = 270 nH. See the Choosing the Correct Inductance Value
section for other frequency values.
FMAX / FMIN
L1, L2 = 270 nH. See the Choosing the Correct Inductance Value
section for other sensitivity values.
To within 10 Hz of final frequency
Rev. C | Page 3 of 24
ADF4360-8
Parameter
Frequency Pulling (Open Loop)
Harmonic Content (Second)
Harmonic Content (Third)
Output Power5, 7
Output Power5, 8
Output Power Variation
VCO Tuning Range
NOISE CHARACTERISTICS5
VCO Phase Noise Performance 9
Synthesizer Phase Noise Floor 10
Phase Noise Figure of Merit10
In-Band Phase Noise 11, 12
RMS Integrated Phase Error 13
Spurious Signals due to PFD
Frequency12, 14
Level of Unlocked Signal with
MTLD Enabled
Data Sheet
B Version
10
−16
−21
−9/0
−14/−9
±3
1.25/2.5
Unit
Hz typ
dBc typ
dBc typ
dBm typ
dBm typ
dB typ
V min/max
−120
−139
−140
−142
−160
−150
−142
−215
−102
0.09
−75
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
dBc/Hz typ
Degrees typ
dBc typ
−70
dBm typ
Conditions/Comments
Into 2.00 VSWR load
Using tuned load, programmable in 3 dB steps; see Table 7
Using 50 Ω resistors to VVCO, programmable in 3 dB steps; see Table 7
@ 100 kHz offset from carrier
@ 800 kHz offset from carrier
@ 3 MHz offset from carrier
@ 10 MHz offset from carrier
@ 200 kHz PFD frequency
@ 1 MHz PFD frequency
@ 8 MHz PFD frequency
@ 1 kHz offset from carrier
100 Hz to 100 kHz
Operating temperature range is –40°C to +85°C.
Guaranteed by design. Sample tested to ensure compliance.
ICP is internally modified to maintain constant loop gain over the frequency range.
4
TA = 25°C; AVDD = DVDD = VVCO = 3.3 V.
5
Unless otherwise stated, these characteristics are guaranteed for VCO core power = 5 mA. L1, L2 = 270 nH, 470 Ω resistors to GND in parallel with L1, L2.
6
Jumping from 88 MHz to 108 MHz. PFD frequency = 200 kHz; loop bandwidth = 10 kHz.
7
For more detail on using tuned loads, see the Output Matching section.
8
Using 50 Ω resistors to VVCO, into a 50 Ω load.
9
The noise of the VCO is measured in open-loop conditions.
10
The synthesizer phase noise floor is estimated by measuring the in-band phase noise at the output of the VCO and subtracting 20 log N (where N is the N divider value). The
phase noise figure of merit subtracts 10 log (PFD frequency).
11
The phase noise is measured with the EV-ADF4360-8EB1Z Evaluation Board and the HP 8562E Spectrum Analyzer. The Spectrum Analyzer provides the REFIN for the
synthesizer; offset frequency = 1 kHz.
12
fREFIN = 10 MHz; fPFD = 200 kHz; N = 1000; loop B/W = 10 kHz.
13
fREFIN = 10 MHz; fPFD = 1 MHz; N = 120; loop B/W = 100 kHz.
14
The spurious signals are measured with the EV-ADF4360-8EB1Z Evaluation Board and the HP 8562E Spectrum Analyzer. The Spectrum Analyzer provides the REFIN for
the synthesizer; fREFOUT = 10 MHz @ 0 dBm.
1
2
3
Rev. C | Page 4 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS 1
AVDD = DVDD = VVCO = 3.3 V ± 10%; AGND = DGND = 0 V; 1.8 V and 3 V logic levels used; TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.
Table 2.
Parameter
t1
t2
t3
t4
t5
t6
t7
Unit
ns min
ns min
ns min
ns min
ns min
ns min
ns min
Test Conditions/Comments
LE setup time
DATA to CLOCK setup time
DATA to CLOCK hold time
CLOCK high duration
CLOCK low duration
CLOCK to LE setup time
LE pulse width
Refer to the Power-Up section for the recommended power-up procedure for this device.
t4
t5
CLOCK
t2
DATA
DB23 (MSB)
t3
DB22
DB2
DB1
(CONTROL BIT C2)
DB0 (LSB)
(CONTROL BIT C1)
t7
LE
t1
t6
04763-002
1
Limit at TMIN to TMAX (B Version)
20
10
10
25
25
10
20
LE
Figure 2. Timing Diagram
Rev. C | Page 5 of 24
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
Table 3.
Parameter
AVDD to GND 1
AVDD to DVDD
VVCO to GND
VVCO to AVDD
Digital I/O Voltage to GND
Analog I/O Voltage to GND
REFIN to GND
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Maximum Junction Temperature
CSP θJA Thermal Impedance
Paddle Soldered
Paddle Not Soldered
Lead Temperature, Soldering Reflow
1
Rating
−0.3 V to +3.9 V
−0.3 V to +0.3 V
−0.3 V to +3.9 V
−0.3 V to +0.3 V
−0.3 V to VDD + 0.3 V
−0.3 V to VDD + 0.3 V
−0.3 V to VDD + 0.3 V
−40°C to + 85°C
−65°C to +150°C
150°C
Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress
rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any
other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
This device is a high performance RF integrated circuit with an
ESD rating of <1 kV, and it is ESD sensitive. Proper precautions
should be taken for handling and assembly.
TRANSISTOR COUNT
50°C/W
88°C/W
260°C
12543 (CMOS) and 700 (Bipolar)
GND = AGND = DGND = 0 V.
ESD CAUTION
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 4000 V readily accumulate
on the human body and test equipment and can discharge without detection. Although this product
features proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent damage may occur on devices subjected to
high energy electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD precautions are recommended to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
Rev. C | Page 6 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
CE
AGND
DVDD
MUXOUT
LE
22
21
20
19
PIN 1
IDENTIFIER
DATA
17
CLK
16
REFIN
15
DGND
RFOUTB 5
14
CN
VVCO 6
13
RSET
AVDD 2
AGND 11
L2 10
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
L1 9
RFOUTA 4
VTUNE 7
ADF4360-8
AGND 8
AGND 3
CC 12
18
CPGND 1
NOTES
1. THE EXPOSED PAD MUST BE CONNECTED TO AGND.
04763-003
CP
24
23
PIN CONFIGURATION AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
Figure 3. Pin Configuration
Table 4. Pin Function Descriptions
Pin No.
1
2
Mnemonic
CPGND
AVDD
3, 8, 11, 22
4
AGND
RFOUTA
5
RFOUTB
6
VVCO
7
9
VTUNE
L1
10
L2
12
13
CC
RSET
Description
Charge Pump Ground. This is the ground return path for the charge pump.
Analog Power Supply. This ranges from 3.0 V to 3.6 V. Decoupling capacitors to the analog ground plane should be
placed as close as possible to this pin. AVDD must have the same value as DVDD.
Analog Ground. This is the ground return path of the prescaler and VCO.
VCO Output. The output level is programmable from 0 dBm to −9 dBm. See the Output Matching section for a
description of the various output stages.
VCO Complementary Output. The output level is programmable from 0 dBm to −9 dBm. See the Output Matching
section for a description of the various output stages.
Power Supply for the VCO. This ranges from 3.0 V to 3.6 V. Decoupling capacitors to the analog ground plane should
be placed as close as possible to this pin. VVCO must have the same value as AVDD.
Control Input to the VCO. This voltage determines the output frequency and is derived from filtering the CP output voltage.
An external inductor to AGND should be connected to this pin to set the ADF4360-8 output frequency. L1 and L2
need to be the same value. A 470 Ω resistor should be added in parallel to AGND.
An external inductor to AGND should be connected to this pin to set the ADF4360-8 output frequency. L1 and L2
need to be the same value. A 470 Ω resistor should be added in parallel to AGND.
Internal Compensation Node. This pin must be decoupled to ground with a 10 nF capacitor.
Connecting a resistor between this pin and CPGND sets the maximum charge pump output current for the synthesizer.
The nominal voltage potential at the RSET pin is 0.6 V. The relationship between ICP and RSET is
I CPmax =
14
15
16
CN
DGND
REFIN
17
CLK
18
DATA
19
LE
20
21
MUXOUT
DVDD
23
CE
24
CP
EP
11.75
RSET
where RSET = 4.7 kΩ, ICPmax = 2.5 mA.
Internal Compensation Node. This pin must be decoupled to VVCO with a 10 µF capacitor.
Digital Ground.
Reference Input. This is a CMOS input with a nominal threshold of VDD/2 and a dc equivalent input resistance of
100 kΩ (see Figure 16). This input can be driven from a TTL or CMOS crystal oscillator, or it can be ac-coupled.
Serial Clock Input. This serial clock is used to clock in the serial data to the registers. The data is latched into the 24-bit
shift register on the CLK rising edge. This input is a high impedance CMOS input.
Serial Data Input. The serial data is loaded MSB first with the two LSBs being the control bits. This input is a high
impedance CMOS input.
Load Enable, CMOS Input. When LE goes high, the data stored in the shift registers is loaded into one of the four
latches, and the relevant latch is selected using the control bits.
This multiplexer output lets either the lock detect, the scaled RF, or the scaled reference frequency be accessed externally.
Digital Power Supply. This ranges from 3.0 V to 3.6 V. Decoupling capacitors to the digital ground plane should be
placed as close as possible to this pin. DVDD must have the same value as AVDD.
Chip Enable. A logic low on this pin powers down the device and puts the charge pump into three-state mode.
Taking the pin high powers up the device depending on the status of the power-down bits.
Charge Pump Output. When enabled, this provides ±ICP to the external loop filter, which in turn drives the internal VCO.
Exposed Pad. The exposed pad must be connected to AGND.
Rev. C | Page 7 of 24
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
–40
0
–50
–10
–60
–20
–70
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
–80
–90
–100
–110
–120
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–84dBc
–150
100
1k
10k
100k
FREQUENCY OFFSET (Hz)
1M
04763-007
04763-004
–140
–90
–1.1MHz
10M
–0.55MHz
65MHz
0.55MHz
1.1MHz
Figure 7. Reference Spurs at 65 MHz
(1 MHz Channel Spacing, 100 kHz Loop Bandwidth)
Figure 4. Open-Loop VCO Phase Noise, L1, L2 = 560 nH
–40
–70
–75
–50
–80
–85
–90
–95
–100
–60
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
–105
–110
–115
–120
–125
–130
–135
–70
–80
–90
–100
–110
–120
–130
04763-005
–140
–145
–150
100
1k
10k
100k
FREQUENCY OFFSET (Hz)
1M
04763-008
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
VDD = 3.3V, V VCO = 3.3V
ICP = 2.5mA
PFD FREQUENCY = 1MHz
LOOP BANDWIDTH = 100kHz
RES. BANDWIDTH = 1kHz
VIDEO BANDWIDTH = 1kHz
SWEEP = 4.2SECONDS
AVERAGES = 20
–80
–130
–140
–150
100
10M
1k
10k
100k
FREQUENCY OFFSET (Hz)
1M
10M
Figure 8. Open-Loop VCO Phase Noise, L1, L2 = 110 nH
Figure 5. VCO Phase Noise, 65 MHz, 1 MHz PFD, 100 kHz Loop Bandwidth
–70
0
–20
–30
–40
VDD = 3.3V, VVCO = 3.3V
ICP = 2.5mA
PFD FREQUENCY = 1MHz
LOOP BANDWIDTH = 100kHz
RES. BANDWIDTH = 30Hz
VIDEO BANDWIDTH = 30Hz
SWEEP = 1.9SECONDS
AVERAGES = 20
–75
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
REFERENCE
LEVEL = –2.5dBm
–10
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
REFERENCE
LEVEL = –2.5dBm
–50
–60
–70
–107.4dBc/Hz
–80
–80
–85
–90
–95
–100
–105
–110
–115
–120
–125
–130
–135
–140
04763-006
–90
–2kHz
–1kHz
65MHz
1kHz
–145
–150
100
2kHz
Figure 6. Close-In Phase Noise at 65 MHz (1 MHz Channel Spacing)
04763-009
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
1k
10k
100k
FREQUENCY OFFSET (Hz)
1M
10M
Figure 9. VCO Phase Noise, 160 MHz, 1 MHz PFD, 100 kHz Loop Bandwidth
Rev. C | Page 8 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
0
–70
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–140
04763-010
–1kHz
160MHz
1kHz
–145
–150
100
2kHz
Figure 10. Close-In Phase Noise at 160 MHz (1 MHz Channel Spacing)
–30
–40
–20
–60
–76dBc
–70
–80
04763-011
–0.55MHz
160MHz
0.55MHz
10M
–30
–40
VDD = 3.3V, VVCO = 3.3V
ICP = 2.5mA
PFD FREQUENCY = 1MHz
LOOP BANDWIDTH = 100kHz
RES. BANDWIDTH = 30Hz
VIDEO BANDWIDTH = 30Hz
SWEEP = 1.9SECONDS
AVERAGES = 20
–50
–60
–70
–103.4dBc/Hz
–80
–1.1MHz
–90
1.1MHz
Figure 11. Reference Spurs at 160 MHz
(1 MHz Channel Spacing, 100 kHz Loop Bandwidth)
–2kHz
–1kHz
400MHz
1kHz
2kHz
Figure 14. Close-In Phase Noise at 400 MHz (1 MHz Channel Spacing)
–40
0
–50
–10
–60
REFERENCE
LEVEL = 0dBm
–20
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
–70
–80
–90
–100
–110
–120
–30
–40
VDD = 3.3V, V VCO = 3.3V
ICP = 2.5mA
PFD FREQUENCY = 1MHz
LOOP BANDWIDTH = 100kHz
RES. BANDWIDTH = 1kHz
VIDEO BANDWIDTH = 1kHz
SWEEP = 4.2SECONDS
AVERAGES = 20
–50
–60
–77dBc
–70
–80
–130
04763-012
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
REFERENCE
LEVEL = 0dBm
–10
–50
–90
1M
04763-014
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
–20
10k
100k
FREQUENCY OFFSET (Hz)
0
VDD = 3.3V, V VCO = 3.3V
ICP = 2.5mA
PFD FREQUENCY = 1MHz
LOOP BANDWIDTH = 100kHz
RES. BANDWIDTH = 1kHz
VIDEO BANDWIDTH = 1kHz
SWEEP = 4.2SECONDS
AVERAGES = 20
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
REFERENCE
LEVEL = 1dBm
1k
Figure 13. VCO Phase Noise, 400 MHz, 1 MHz PFD, 100 kHz Loop Bandwidth
0
–10
–110
–115
–120
–125
–130
–135
–109.4dBc/Hz
–90
–2kHz
–105
04763-013
–30
–80
–85
–90
–95
–100
–140
–150
100
1k
10k
100k
FREQUENCY OFFSET (Hz)
1M
04763-015
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
–20
–75
OUTPUT POWER (dB)
REFERENCE
LEVEL = 1dBm
–10
VDD = 3.3V, VVCO = 3.3V
ICP = 2.5mA
PFD FREQUENCY = 1MHz
LOOP BANDWIDTH = 100kHz
RES. BANDWIDTH = 30Hz
VIDEO BANDWIDTH = 30Hz
SWEEP = 1.9SECONDS
AVERAGES = 20
–90
10M
–1.1MHz
–0.55MHz
400MHz
0.55MHz
Figure 15. Reference Spurs at 400 MHz
(1 MHz Channel Spacing, 100 kHz Loop Bandwidth)
Figure 12. Open-Loop VCO Phase Noise, L1, L2 = 18 nH
Rev. C | Page 9 of 24
1.1MHz
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE INPUT SECTION
The reference input stage is shown in Figure 16. SW1 and SW2
are normally closed switches. SW3 is normally open. When
power-down is initiated, SW3 is closed, and SW1 and SW2 are
opened. This ensures that there is no loading of the REFIN pin
on power-down.
VP
HI
D1
Q1
CHARGE
PUMP
UP
U1
R DIVIDER
CLR1
POWER-DOWN
CONTROL
NC
PROGRAMMABLE
DELAY
100kΩ
SW2
REFIN NC
CP
U3
TO R COUNTER
ABP1
BUFFER
ABP2
CLR2
D2
HI
Figure 16. Reference Input Stage
Q2
DOWN
U2
N COUNTER
N DIVIDER
CPGND
R DIVIDER
N DIVIDER
04763-017
The CMOS N counter allows a wide division ratio in the PLL
feedback counter. The counters are specified to work when the
VCO output is 400 MHz or less. To avoid confusion, this is referred to as the B counter. It makes it possible to generate output
frequencies that are spaced only by the reference frequency
divided by R. The VCO frequency equation is
CP OUTPUT
fVCO = B × f REFIN / R
Figure 17. PFD Simplified Schematic and Timing (In Lock)
where:
fVCO is the output frequency of the VCO.
B is the preset divide ratio of the binary 13-bit counter (3 to 8191).
fREFIN is the external reference frequency oscillator.
R COUNTER
The 14-bit R counter allows the input reference frequency to be
divided down to produce the reference clock to the phase frequency detector (PFD). Division ratios from 1 to 16,383 are
allowed.
PFD AND CHARGE PUMP
MUXOUT AND LOCK DETECT
The output multiplexer on the ADF4360 family allows the user
to access various internal points on the chip. The state of
MUXOUT is controlled by M3, M2, and M1 in the function
latch. The full truth table is shown in Table 7. Figure 18 shows
the MUXOUT section in block diagram form.
DVDD
DIGITAL LOCK DETECT
The PFD takes inputs from the R counter and N counter
(N = BP + A) and produces an output proportional to the phase
and frequency difference between them. Figure 17 is a simplified schematic. The PFD includes a programmable delay element that controls the width of the antibacklash pulse. This
pulse ensures that there is no dead zone in the PFD transfer
function, and minimizes phase noise and reference spurs. Two
bits in the R counter latch, ABP2 and ABP1, control the width
of the pulse (see Table 9).
R COUNTER OUTPUT
MUX
MUXOUT
CONTROL
N COUNTER OUTPUT
Rev. C | Page 10 of 24
DGND
Figure 18. MUXOUT Circuit
04763-018
SW3
NO
04763-016
SW1
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
MUXOUT can be programmed for one type of lock detect. Digital lock detect is active high. When LDP in the R counter latch
is set to 0, digital lock detect is set high when the phase error on
three consecutive phase detector cycles is less than 15 ns.
With LDP set to 1, five consecutive cycles of less than 15 ns
phase error are required to set the lock detect. It stays set high
until a phase error of greater than 25 ns is detected on any
subsequent PD cycle.
INPUT SHIFT REGISTER
The ADF4360 family’s digital section includes a 24-bit input
shift register, a 14-bit R counter, and an 18-bit N counter
comprised of a 5-bit A counter and a 13-bit B counter. Data is
clocked into the 24-bit shift register on each rising edge of CLK.
The data is clocked in MSB first. Data is transferred from the
shift register to one of four latches on the rising edge of LE. The
destination latch is determined by the state of the two control
bits (C2, C1) in the shift register. The two LSBs, DB1 and DB0,
are shown in Figure 2.
The correct band is chosen automatically by the band select
logic at power-up or whenever the N counter latch is updated. It
is important that the correct write sequence be followed at power-up. This sequence is
1.
2.
3.
R counter latch
Control latch
N counter latch
During band select, which takes five PFD cycles, the VCO VTUNE
is disconnected from the output of the loop filter and connected
to an internal reference voltage.
3.5
3.0
2.5
VTUNE (V)
Lock Detect
2.0
1.5
1.0
The truth table for these bits is shown in Table 5. Table 6 shows
a summary of how the latches are programmed. Note that the
test modes latch is used for factory testing and should not be
programmed by the user.
0
80
Control Bits
C1
0
1
0
1
85
90
95
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
105
110
115
Figure 19. Frequency vs. VTUNE, ADF4360-8, L1 and L2 = 270 nH
Table 5. C2 and C1 Truth Table
C2
0
0
1
1
04763-019
0.5
The R counter output is used as the clock for the band select
logic and should not exceed 1 MHz. A programmable divider is
provided at the R counter input to allow division by 1, 2, 4, or 8,
and is controlled by the BSC1 bit and the BSC2 bit in the R
counter latch. Where the required PFD frequency exceeds
1 MHz, the divide ratio should be set to allow enough time for
correct band selection.
Data Latch
Control Latch
R Counter
N Counter (B)
Test Modes Latch
VCO
The VCO core in the ADF4360 family uses eight overlapping
bands, as shown in Figure 19, to allow a wide frequency range
to be covered without a large VCO sensitivity (KV) and resultant
poor phase noise and spurious performance.
After band selection, normal PLL action resumes. The value of
KV is determined by the value of inductors used (see the Choosing the Correct Inductance Value section). The ADF4360 family
contains linearization circuitry to minimize any variation of the
product of ICP and KV.
The operating current in the VCO core is programmable in four
steps: 2.5 mA, 5 mA, 7.5 mA, and 10 mA. This is controlled by
the PC1 bit and the PC2 bit in the control latch.
Rev. C | Page 11 of 24
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
OUTPUT STAGE
If the outputs are used individually, the optimum output stage
consists of a shunt inductor to VDD.
Another feature of the ADF4360 family is that the supply current
to the RF output stage is shut down until the part achieves lock, as
measured by the digital lock detect circuitry. This is enabled by the
Mute-Till-Lock Detect (MTLD) bit in the control latch.
RFOUTA
VCO
RFOUTB
BUFFER
04763-020
The RFOUTA and RFOUTB pins of the ADF4360 family are
connected to the collectors of an NPN differential pair driven
by buffered outputs of the VCO, as shown in Figure 20. To allow
the user to optimize the power dissipation vs. the output power
requirements, the tail current of the differential pair is programmable via Bits PL1 and PL2 in the control latch. Four current levels may be set: 3.5 mA, 5 mA, 7.5 mA, and 11 mA. These levels give output power levels of −9 dBm, −6 dBm, −3 dBm,
and 0 dBm, respectively, using the correct shunt inductor to VDD
and ac coupling into a 50 Ω load. Alternatively, both outputs
can be combined in a 1 + 1:1 transformer or a 180° microstrip
coupler (see the Output Matching section).
Figure 20. Output Stage ADF4360-8
Rev. C | Page 12 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
LATCH STRUCTURE
Table 6 shows the three on-chip latches for the ADF4360 family. The two LSBs decide which latch is programmed.
Table 6. Latch Structure
MUXOUT
CONTROL
COUNTER
RESET
CP
THREESTATE
PHASE
DETECTOR
POLARITY
OUTPUT
POWER
LEVEL
CURRENT
SETTING 1
CP GAIN
CURRENT
SETTING 2
MUTE-TILLD
POWERDOWN 1
POWERDOWN 2
RESERVED
RESERVED
CONTROL LATCH
CORE
POWER
LEVEL
CONTROL
BITS
DB23 DB22 DB21 DB20 DB19 DB18 DB17 DB16 DB15 DB14 DB13 DB12 DB11 DB10
DB9
DB8
DB7
DB6
DB5
DB4
DB3
DB2
RSV
CP
PDP
M3
M2
M1
CR
PC2
PC1 C2 (0) C1 (0)
RSV
PD2
PD1
CPI6
CPI5
CPI4 CPI3
CPI2
CPI1
PL2
PL1 MTLD CPG
DB1
DB0
CP GAIN
RESERVED
RESERVED
N COUNTER LATCH
13-BIT B COUNTER
DB23 DB22 DB21 DB20 DB19 DB18 DB17 DB16 DB15 DB14 DB13 DB12 DB11 DB10
RSV
RSV
CPG
B13
B12
B11
B10
B9
B8
B7
B6
CONTROL
BITS
RESERVED
B5
B4
B3
DB9
DB8
DB7
DB6
DB5
DB4
DB3
DB2
B2
B1
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV C2 (1) C1 (0)
DB1
DB0
ANTIBACKLASH
PULSE
WIDTH
CONTROL
BITS
14-BIT REFERENCE COUNTER
DB23 DB22 DB21 DB20 DB19 DB18 DB17 DB16 DB15 DB14 DB13 DB12 DB11 DB10
DB9
DB8
DB7
DB6
DB5
DB4
DB3
DB2
RSV
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4
R3
R2
R1
RSV BSC2 BSC1 TMB
LDP ABP2 ABP1
R14
R13
R12
R11
R10
R9
Rev. C | Page 13 of 24
DB1
DB0
C2 (0) C1 (1)
04763-021
BAND
SELECT
CLOCK
TEST
MODE
BIT
LOCK
DETECT
PRECISION
RESERVED
RESERVED
R COUNTER LATCH
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
DB23 DB22 DB21 DB20 DB19 DB18 DB17 DB16 DB15 DB14 DB13 DB12 DB11 DB10
RSV
RSV
PD2
PD1
CPI6
CPI5
CPI4 CPI3
CPI2
CPI1
PL2
PL1 MTLD CPG
DB9
CP
DB8
MUXOUT
CONTROL
DB7
PDP
COUNTER
RESET
CP
THREESTATE
PHASE
DETECTOR
POLARITY
OUTPUT
POWER
LEVEL
CURRENT
SETTING 1
CP GAIN
CURRENT
SETTING 2
MUTE-TILLD
POWERDOWN 1
POWERDOWN 2
RESERVED
RESERVED
Table 7. Control Latch
M3
DB6
M2
DB5
M1
CORE
POWER
LEVEL
DB4
CR
PC2
0
0
1
1
CPI6
CPI5
CPI4
ICP (mA)
CPI3
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
CPI2
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
CPI1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
4.7kΩ
0.31
0.62
0.93
1.25
1.56
1.87
2.18
2.50
PDP
0
1
CP
0
1
CPG
0
1
MTLD
0
1
PL2
0
0
1
1
THESE BITS ARE
NOT USED BY THE
DEVICE AND ARE
DON'T CARE BITS.
PD2
X
X
0
1
PD1
X
0
1
1
OUTPUT POWER LEVEL
0
1
0
1
CURRENT
3.5mA
5.0mA
7.5mA
11.0mA
(USING TUNED LOAD)
–9dBm
–6dBm
–3dBm
0dBm
DB3
DB2
PC2
PC1 C2 (0) C1 (0)
PC1
0
1
0
1
DB1
DB0
CORE POWER LEVEL
2.5mA
5mA
7.5mA
10mA
COUNTER
OPERATION
CR
0
1
NORMAL
R, A, B COUNTERS
HELD IN RESET
CHARGE PUMP
OUTPUT
NORMAL
THREE-STATE
CP GAIN
CURRENT SETTING 1
CURRENT SETTING 2
MUTE-TIL-LOCK DETECT
DISABLED
ENABLED
(USING 50Ω TO VVCO)
–19dBm
–15dBm
–12dBm
–9dBm
MODE
ASYNCHRONOUS POWER-DOWN
NORMAL OPERATION
ASYNCHRONOUS POWER-DOWN
SYNCHRONOUS POWER-DOWN
04763-022
CE PIN
0
1
1
1
PL1
PHASE DETECTOR
POLARITY
NEGATIVE
POSITIVE
CONTROL
BITS
Rev. C | Page 14 of 24
M3
0
0
M2
0
0
M1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
MUXOUT
THREE-STATE OUTPUT
DIGITAL LOCK DETECT
(ACTIVE HIGH)
N DIVIDER OUTPUT
DVDD
R DIVIDER OUTPUT
NOT USED
NOT USED
DGND
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
CP GAIN
RESERVED
RESERVED
Table 8. N Counter Latch
13-BIT B COUNTER
DB23 DB22 DB21 DB20 DB19 DB18 DB17 DB16 DB15 DB14 DB13 DB12 DB11 DB10
RSV
RSV
CPG
B13
B12
B11
B10
B9
B8
B7
CONTROL
BITS
RESERVED
B6
B5
B4
B3
DB9
DB8
DB7
DB6
DB5
DB4
DB3
DB2
B2
B1
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV C2 (1) C1 (0)
DB1
THESE BITS ARE
NOT USED BY THE
DEVICE AND ARE
DON'T CARE BITS.
B12
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
B11
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
B3
0
0
0
1
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
B2
0
0
1
1
.
.
.
0
0
1
1
B1
0
1
0
1
.
.
.
0
1
0
1
F4 (FUNCTION LATCH)
FASTLOCK ENABLE
CP GAIN
OPERATION
0
0
0
1
CHARGE PUMP CURRENT SETTING 1
IS PERMANENTLY USED
CHARGE PUMP CURRENT SETTING 2
IS PERMANENTLY USED
B COUNTER DIVIDE RATIO
NOT ALLOWED
NOT ALLOWED
NOT ALLOWED
3
.
.
.
8188
8189
8190
8191
N = B; P IS PRESCALER VALUE SET IN THE CONTROL LATCH.
B MUST BE GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO A. FOR CONTINUOUSLY
ADJACENT VALUES OF (N × FREF), AT THE OUTPUT, NMIN IS (P2–P).
THESE BITS ARE
NOT USED BY THE
DEVICE AND ARE
DON'T CARE BITS.
Rev. C | Page 15 of 24
04763-023
B13
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
DB0
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
TEST
MODE
BIT
LOCK
DETECT
PRECISION
RESERVED
RESERVED
Table 9. R Counter Latch
BAND
SELECT
CLOCK
ANTIBACKLASH
PULSE
WIDTH
CONTROL
BITS
14-BIT REFERENCE COUNTER
DB23 DB22 DB21 DB20 DB19 DB18 DB17 DB16 DB15 DB14 DB13 DB12 DB11 DB10
DB9
DB8
DB7
DB6
DB5
DB4
DB3
DB2
RSV
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4
R3
R2
R1
RSV BSC2 BSC1 TMB
TEST MODE
BIT SHOULD
BE SET TO 0
FOR NORMAL
OPERATION.
LDP
0
1
BSC1
0
1
0
1
R13
R12
R11
R10
R14
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
ABP2
0
0
1
1
BSC2
0
0
1
1
R14
ABP1
0
1
0
1
ANTIBACKLASH PULSE WIDTH
3.0ns
1.3ns
6.0ns
3.0ns
LOCK DETECT PRECISION
THREE CONSECUTIVE CYCLES OF PHASE DELAY LESS THAN
15ns MUST OCCUR BEFORE LOCK DETECT IS SET.
FIVE CONSECUTIVE CYCLES OF PHASE DELAY LESS THAN
15ns MUST OCCUR BEFORE LOCK DETECT IS SET.
BAND SELECT CLOCK DIVIDER
1
2
4
8
04763-024
THESE BITS ARE NOT
USED BY THE DEVICE
AND ARE DON'T CARE
BITS.
LDP ABP2 ABP1
Rev. C | Page 16 of 24
R9
R13
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
R12
0
0
0
0
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
R3
0
0
0
1
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
R2
0
1
1
0
.
.
.
0
0
1
1
R1
1
0
1
0
.
.
.
0
1
0
1
DB1
DB0
C2 (0) C1 (1)
DIVIDE RATIO
1
2
3
4
.
.
.
16380
16381
16382
16383
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
POWER-UP
Power-Up Sequence
The correct programming sequence for the ADF4360-8 after
power-up is
1.
2.
3.
R counter latch
Control latch
N counter latch
Initial Power-Up
Initial power-up refers to programming the part after the
application of voltage to the AVDD, DVDD, VVCO, and CE pins. On
initial power-up, an interval is required between programming
the control latch and programming the N counter latch. This
interval is necessary to allow the transient behavior of the
ADF4360-8 during initial power-up to settle.
During initial power-up, a write to the control latch powers up
the part, and the bias currents of the VCO begin to settle. If
these currents have not settled to within 10% of their steadystate value, and if the N counter latch is then programmed, the
VCO may not oscillate at the desired frequency, which does not
allow the band select logic to choose the correct frequency
band, and the ADF4360-8 may not achieve lock. If the recommended interval is inserted, and the N counter latch is programmed, the band select logic can choose the correct frequency band, and the part locks to the correct frequency.
The duration of this interval is affected by the value of the
capacitor on the CN pin (Pin 14). This capacitor is used to
reduce the close-in noise of the ADF4360-8 VCO. The
recommended value of this capacitor is 10 µF. Using this value
requires an interval of ≥15 ms between the latching in of the
control latch bits and latching in of the N counter latch bits. If a
shorter delay is required, the capacitor can be reduced. A slight
phase noise penalty is incurred by this change, which is further
explained in Table 10.
Table 10. CN Capacitance vs. Interval and Phase Noise
Open-Loop Phase Noise
@ 10 kHz Offset
(L1 and L2 = 18.0 nH)
−100 dBc/Hz
−99 dBc/Hz
Open-Loop Phase Noise
@ 10 kHz Offset
(L1 and L2 = 110.0 nH)
−97 dBc/Hz
−96 dBc/Hz
Open-Loop Phase Noise
@ 10 kHz Offset
(L1 and L2 = 560.0 nH)
−99 dBc/Hz
−98 dBc/Hz
POWER-UP
CLOCK
DATA
R COUNTER
LATCH DATA
CONTROL
LATCH DATA
N COUNTER
LATCH DATA
LE
REQUIRED INTERVAL
CONTROL LATCH WRITE TO
N COUNTER LATCH WRITE
Figure 21. ADF4360-8 Power-Up Timing
Rev. C | Page 17 of 24
04763-033
CN Value
10 µF
440 nF
Recommended Interval
Between Control Latch
and N Counter Latch
≥15 ms
≥ 600 µs
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
Hardware Power-Up/Power-Down
Software Power-Up/Power-Down
If the part is powered down via the hardware (using the CE pin)
and powered up again without any change to the N counter
register during power-down, the part locks at the correct frequency, because the part is already in the correct frequency
band. The lock time depends on the value of capacitance on the
CN pin, which is <15 ms for 10 µF capacitance. The smaller
capacitance of 440 nF on this pin enables lock times of <600 µs.
If the part is powered down via the software (using the control
latch) and powered up again without any change to the N counter latch during power-down, the part locks at the correct frequency, because the part is already in the correct frequency
band. The lock time depends on the value of capacitance on the
CN pin, which is <15 ms for 10 µF capacitance. The smaller
capacitance of 440 nF on this pin enables lock times of <600 µs.
The N counter value cannot be changed while the part is in
power-down, since the part may not lock to the correct
frequency on power-up. If it is updated, the correct programming sequence for the part after power-up is the R counter
latch, followed by the control latch, and finally the N counter
latch, with the required interval between the control latch and
N counter latch, as described in the Initial Power-Up section.
The N counter value cannot be changed while the part is in
power-down, because the part may not lock to the correct
frequency on power-up. If it is updated, the correct programming sequence for the part after power-up is to the R counter
latch, followed by the control latch, and finally the N counter
latch, with the required interval between the control latch and
N counter latch, as described in the Initial Power-Up section.
Rev. C | Page 18 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
CONTROL LATCH
Charge Pump Currents
With (C2, C1) = (0,0), the control latch is programmed. Table 7
shows the input data format for programming the control latch.
CPI3, CPI2, and CPI1 in the ADF4360 family determine
Current Setting 1.
Power-Down
CPI6, CPI5, and CPI4 determine Current Setting 2. See the
truth table in Table 7.
DB21 (PD2) and DB20 (PD1) provide programmable powerdown modes.
Output Power Level
Bits PL1 and PL2 set the output power level of the VCO. See the
truth table in Table 7.
In the programmed asynchronous power-down, the device
powers down immediately after latching a 1 into Bit PD1,
with the condition that PD2 has been loaded with a 0. In the
programmed synchronous power-down, the device powerdown is gated by the charge pump to prevent unwanted
frequency jumps. Once the power-down is enabled by writing a
1 into Bit PD1 (on the condition that a 1 has also been loaded to
PD2), the device goes into power-down on the second rising
edge of the R counter output, after LE goes high. When the CE
pin is low, the device is immediately disabled, regardless of the
state of PD1 or PD2.
DB11 of the control latch in the ADF4360 family is the MuteTill-Lock Detect bit. This function, when enabled, ensures that
the RF outputs are not switched on until the PLL is locked.
When a power-down is activated (either synchronous or
asynchronous mode), the following events occur:
Charge Pump Three-State
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
All active dc current paths are removed.
The R, N, and timeout counters are forced to their load
state conditions.
The charge pump is forced into three-state mode.
The digital lock detect circuitry is reset.
The RF outputs are de-biased to a high impedance state.
The reference input buffer circuitry is disabled.
The input register remains active and capable of loading
and latching data.
Mute-Till-Lock Detect
CP Gain
DB10 of the control latch in the ADF4360 family is the Charge
Pump Gain bit. When it is programmed to 1, Current Setting 2
is used. When programmed to 0, Current Setting 1 is used.
This bit puts the charge pump into three-state mode when
programmed to a 1. It should be set to 0 for normal operation.
Phase Detector Polarity
The PDP bit in the ADF4360 family sets the phase detector
polarity. The positive setting enabled by programming a 1 is
used when using the on-chip VCO with a passive loop filter or
with an active non-inverting filter. It can also be set to 0, which
is required if an active inverting loop filter is used.
MUXOUT Control
The on-chip multiplexer is controlled by M3, M2, and M1.
See the truth table in Table 7.
Counter Reset
DB4 is the counter reset bit for the ADF4360 family. When this
is 1, the R counter and the A, B counters are reset. For normal
operation, this bit should be 0.
Core Power Level
PC1 and PC2 set the power level in the VCO core. The recommended setting is 5 mA. See the truth table in Table 7.
Rev. C | Page 19 of 24
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
N COUNTER LATCH
R COUNTER LATCH
Table 8 shows the input data format for programming the
N counter latch.
With (C2, C1) = (0, 1), the R counter latch is programmed.
Table 9 shows the input data format for programming the
R counter latch.
Reserved Bits
R Counter
DB2 to DB7 are spare bits and have been designated as
reserved. They should be programmed to 0.
R1 to R14 set the counter divide ratio. The divide range is
1 (00...001) to 16383 (111...111).
B Counter Latch
B13 to B1 program the B counter. The divide range is 3
(00...0011) to 8191 (11...111).
Antibacklash Pulse Width
Overall Divide Range
Lock Detect Precision
The overall VCO feedback divide range is defined by B.
DB18 is the lock detect precision bit. This bit sets the number of
reference cycles with less than 15 ns phase error for entering the
locked state. With LDP at 1, five cycles are taken; with LDP at 0,
three cycles are taken.
DB16 and DB17 set the antibacklash pulse width.
CP Gain
DB21 of the N counter latch in the ADF4360 family is the
charge pump gain bit. When it is programmed to 1, Current
Setting 2 is used. When programmed to 0, Current Setting 1 is
used. This bit can also be programmed through DB10 of the control latch. The bit always reflects the latest value written to it,
whether this is through the control latch or the N counter latch.
Test Mode Bit
DB19 is the test mode bit (TMB) and should be set to 0. With
TMB = 0, the contents of the test mode latch are ignored and
normal operation occurs, as determined by the contents of the
control latch, R counter latch, and N counter latch. Note that
test modes are for factory testing only and should not be
programmed by the user.
Band Select Clock
These bits set a divider for the band select logic clock input.
The output of the R counter is, by default, the value used to
clock the band select logic; if this value is too high (>1 MHz), a
divider can be switched on to divide the R counter output to a
smaller value (see Table 9).
Reserved Bits
DB23 to DB22 are spare bits that have been designated as
reserved. They should be programmed to 0.
Rev. C | Page 20 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
APPLICATIONS
CHOOSING THE CORRECT INDUCTANCE VALUE
12
10
SENSITIVITY (MHz/V)
8
6
4
2
The lowest center frequency of oscillation possible is approximately 65 MHz, which is achieved using 560 nH inductors. This
relationship can be expressed by
2π 9.3 pF(0.9 nH + L EXT )
400
300
250
200
150
04763-025
100
50
200
300
400
INDUCTANCE (nH)
500
600
Figure 24 shows the ADF4360-8 used as a fixed frequency LO at
200 MHz. The low-pass filter was designed using ADIsimPLL
for a channel spacing of 2 MHz and an open-loop bandwidth of
100 kHz. The maximum PFD frequency of the ADF4360-8 is
8 MHz. Since using a larger PFD frequency allows the use of a
smaller N, the in-band phase noise is reduced to as low as possible, −109 dBc/Hz. The typical rms phase noise (100 Hz to
100 kHz) of the LO in this configuration is 0.09°. The reference
frequency is from a 16 MHz TCXO from Fox; thus, an R value of
2 is programmed. Taking into account the high PFD frequency
and its effect on the band select logic, the band select clock
divider is enabled. In this case, a value of 8 is chosen. A very
simple shunt inductor and dc-blocking capacitor complete the RF
output stage.
500
VVCO
600
6
10µF
Figure 22. Output Center Frequency vs. External Inductor Value
The approximate value of capacitance at the midpoint of the
center band of the VCO is 9.3 pF, and the approximate value of
internal inductance due to the bond wires is 0.9 nH. The VCO
sensitivity is a measure of the frequency change vs. the tuning
voltage. It is a very important parameter for the low-pass filter.
Figure 23 shows a graph of the tuning sensitivity (in MHz/V)
vs. the inductance (nH). It can be seen that as the inductance
increases, the sensitivity decreases. This relationship can be
derived from the equation above; that is, since the inductance
has increased, the change in capacitance from the varactor has
less of an effect on the frequency.
FOX
801BE-160
16MHz
LOCK
DETECT
VVDD
21
2
23
20
VVCO DVDD AVDD CE MUXOUT VTUNE 7
14 CN
CP 24
1nF 1nF
16 REFIN
51Ω
15kΩ
680pF
47pF
ADF4360-8
18 DATA
Rev. C | Page 21 of 24
VVCO
19 LE
12 CC
56nH
13 RSET
1nF
56nH
100pF
RFOUTA 4
4.7kΩ
CPGND
1
22nF
6.8kΩ
17 CLK
SPI-COMPATIBLE SERIAL BUS
FREQUENCY (MHz)
350
100
200
300
400
INDUCTANCE (nH)
FIXED FREQUENCY LO
450
0
100
Figure 23. Tuning Sensitivity (in MHz/V) vs. Inductance (nH)
1
where FO is the center frequency and LEXT is the external inductance.
0
0
AGND DGND L1 L2 RF
OUTB 5
3
8
11 22
15
9
10
68nH
100pF
470Ω
470Ω
68nH
04763-027
FO =
0
04763-026
The ADF4360-8 can be used at many different frequencies
simply by choosing the external inductors to give the correct
output frequency. Figure 22 shows a graph of both minimum
and maximum frequency vs. the external inductor value. The
correct inductor should cover the maximum and minimum
frequencies desired. The inductors used are 0603 CS or 0805 CS
type from Coilcraft. To reduce mutual coupling, the inductors
should be placed at right angles to one another.
Figure 24. Fixed Frequency LO
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
INTERFACING
ADSP-2181 Interface
The ADF4360 family has a simple SPI®-compatible serial interface for writing to the device. CLK, DATA, and LE control the
data transfer. When LE goes high, the 24 bits that have been
clocked into the appropriate register on each rising edge of CLK
are transferred to the appropriate latch. See Figure 2 for the
timing diagram and Table 5 for the latch truth table.
Figure 26 shows the interface between the ADF4360 family and
the ADSP-21xx digital signal processor. The ADF4360 family
needs a 24-bit serial word for each latch write. The easiest way
to accomplish this using the ADSP-21xx family is to use the
autobuffered transmit mode of operation with alternate framing. This provides a means for transmitting an entire block of
serial data before an interrupt is generated.
The maximum allowable serial clock rate is 20 MHz. This
means that the maximum update rate possible is 833 kHz, or
one update every 1.2 µs. This is more than adequate for systems
that have typical lock times in hundreds of microseconds.
SCLOCK
MOSI
TFS
ADuC812 Interface
ADSP-21xx
I/O PORTS
LE
ADF4360-x
CE
MUXOUT
(LOCK DETECT)
04763-029
Figure 25 shows the interface between the ADF4360 family and
the ADuC812 MicroConverter®. Since the ADuC812 is based
on an 8051 core, this interface can be used with any 8051-based
microcontrollers. The MicroConverter is set up for SPI master
mode with CPHA = 0. To initiate the operation, the I/O port
driving LE is brought low. Each latch of the ADF4360 family
needs a 24-bit word, which is accomplished by writing three
8-bit bytes from the MicroConverter to the device. After the
third byte has been written, the LE input should be brought
high to complete the transfer.
SCLK
SDATA
Figure 26. ADSP-21xx to ADF4360-x Interface
Set up the word length for 8 bits and use three memory locations for each 24-bit word. To program each 24-bit latch, store
the 8-bit bytes, enable the autobuffered mode, and write to the
transmit register of the DSP. This last operation initiates the
autobuffer transfer.
PCB DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR CHIP SCALE PACKAGE
SCLOCK
MOSI
ADuC812
I/O PORTS
The leads on the chip scale package (CP-24) are rectangular.
The printed circuit board pad for these should be 0.1 mm longer than the package lead length and 0.05 mm wider than the
package lead width. The lead should be centered on the pad to
ensure that the solder joint size is maximized.
SCLK
SDATA
LE
ADF4360-x
CE
04763-028
MUXOUT
(LOCK DETECT)
Figure 25. ADuC812 to ADF4360-x Interface
I/O port lines on the ADuC812 are also used to control powerdown (CE input) and detect lock (MUXOUT configured as lock
detect and polled by the port input). When operating in the
described mode, the maximum SCLOCK rate of the ADuC812
is 4 MHz. This means that the maximum rate at which the
output frequency can be changed is 166 kHz.
The bottom of the chip scale package has a central thermal pad.
The thermal pad on the printed circuit board should be at least
as large as this exposed pad. On the printed circuit board, there
should be a clearance of at least 0.25 mm between the thermal
pad and the inner edges of the pad pattern to ensure that shorting is avoided.
Thermal vias may be used on the printed circuit board thermal
pad to improve thermal performance of the package. If vias
are used, they should be incorporated into the thermal pad at
1.2 mm pitch grid. The via diameter should be between 0.3 mm
and 0.33 mm, and the via barrel should be plated with 1 ounce
of copper to plug the via.
The user should connect the printed circuit thermal pad to
AGND. This is internally connected to AGND.
Rev. C | Page 22 of 24
Data Sheet
ADF4360-8
There are a number of ways to match the output of the
ADF4360-8 for optimum operation; the most basic is to use a
50 Ω resistor to VVCO. A dc bypass capacitor of 100 pF is
connected in series, as shown in Figure 27. Because the resistor
is not frequency dependent, this provides a good broadband
match. The output power in the circuit below typically gives
−9 dBm output power into a 50 Ω load.
VVCO
51Ω
The recommended value of this inductor changes with the VCO
center frequency. A graph of the optimum inductor value vs.
frequency is shown in Figure 29.
300
250
INDUCTANCE (nH)
OUTPUT MATCHING
150
100
50
Figure 27. Simple ADF4360-8 Output Stage
04763-032
50Ω
04763-030
100pF
RFOUT
200
0
0
A better solution is to use a shunt inductor (acting as an RF
choke) to VVCO. This gives a better match and, therefore, more
output power.
Experiments have shown that the circuit shown in Figure 28
provides an excellent match to 50 Ω over the operating range of
the ADF4360-8. This gives approximately 0 dBm output power
across the specific frequency range of the ADF4360-8 using the
recommended shunt inductor, followed by a 100 pF dc blocking
capacitor.
400
5000
Both complementary architectures can be examined using the
EV-ADF4360-8EB1Z evaluation board. If the user does not
need the differential outputs available on the ADF4360-8, the
user should either terminate the unused output or combine
both outputs using a balun. Alternatively, instead of the LC balun, both outputs may be combined using a 180° rat-race coupler.
L
04763-031
100pF
50Ω
200
300
CENTRE FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 29. Optimum ADF4360-8 Shunt Inductor
VVCO
RFOUT
100
Figure 28. Optimum ADF4360-8 Output Stage
Rev. C | Page 23 of 24
ADF4360-8
Data Sheet
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
4.10
4.00 SQ
3.90
0.60 MAX
2.50 REF
0.60 MAX
3.75 BSC
SQ
1
0.50
BSC
2.45
2.30 SQ
2.15
EXPOSED
PAD
6
13
TOP VIEW
1.00
0.85
0.80
12° MAX
0.80 MAX
0.65 TYP
0.30
0.23
0.18
SEATING
PLANE
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.05 MAX
0.02 NOM
COPLANARITY
0.08
0.20 REF
7
12
BOTTOM VIEW
0.25 MIN
FOR PROPER CONNECTION OF
THE EXPOSED PAD, REFER TO
THE PIN CONFIGURATION AND
FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
SECTION OF THIS DATA SHEET.
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-220-VGGD-2
04-09-2012-A
PIN 1
INDICATOR
PIN 1
INDICATOR
24
19
18
Figure 30. 24-Lead Lead Frame Chip Scale Package [LFCSP_VQ]
4 x 4 mm Body, Very Thin Quad
(CP-24-2)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
ORDERING GUIDE
Model 1
ADF4360-8BCPZ
ADF4360-8BCPZRL
ADF4360-8BCPZRL7
EV-ADF4360-8EB1Z
Temperature Range
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
Frequency Range
65 MHz to 400 MHz
65 MHz to 400 MHz
65 MHz to 400 MHz
Package Description
24-Lead LFCSP_VQ
24-Lead LFCSP_VQ
24-Lead LFCSP_VQ
Evaluation Board
Package Option
CP-24-2
CP-24-2
CP-24-2
Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
1
Purchase of licensed I2C components of Analog Devices or one of its sublicensed Associated Companies conveys a license for the purchaser under the Philips I2C Patent
Rights to use these components in an I2C system, provided that the system conforms to the I2C Standard Specification as defined by Philips.
©2004-2012 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D04763-0-11/12(C)
Rev. C | Page 24 of 24
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