IMPORTANT: BEFORE STARTING THE EQUIPMENT, ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY

IMPORTANT: BEFORE STARTING THE EQUIPMENT, ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
INSTRUCTION MANUAL FOR WIRE WELDING MACHINE
IMPORTANT: BEFORE STARTING THE EQUIPMENT,
READ THE CONTENTS OF THIS MANUAL, WHICH MUST
BE STORED IN A PLACE FAMILIAR TO ALL USERS FOR
THE ENTIRE OPERATIVE LIFE-SPAN OF THE MACHINE.
THIS EQUIPMENT MUST BE USED SOLELY FOR WELDING OPERATIONS.
FOR THE DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT OF THIS WELDING
MACHINE, SEE THE SPECIFIC CATALOGUE.
1 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WELDING AND ARC CUTTING CAN BE HARMFUL TO
YOURSELF AND OTHERS. The user must therefore be educated against the hazards, summarized below, deriving from
welding operations. For more detailed information, order the
manual code 3.300.758
ELECTRIC SHOCK - May be fatal.
· Install and earth the welding machine according to
the applicable regulations.
· Do not touch live electrical parts or electrodes with
bare skin, gloves or wet clothing.
· Isolate yourselves from both the earth and the workpiece.
· Make sure your working position is safe.
FUMES AND GASES - May be hazardous to your health.
· Keep your head away from fumes.
· Work in the presence of adequate ventilation, and
use ventilators around the arc to prevent gases from
forming in the work area.
ARC RAYS - May injure the eyes and burn the skin.
· Protect your eyes with welding masks fitted with filtered lenses, and protect your body with appropriate
safety garments.
· Protect others by installing adequate shields or curtains.
RISK OF FIRE AND BURNS
· Sparks (sprays) may cause fires and burn the skin;
you should therefore make sure there are no flammable materials in the area, and wear appropriate
protective garments.
NOISE
This machine does not directly produce noise
exceeding 80dB. The plasma cutting/welding procedure may produce noise levels beyond said limit;
users must therefore implement all precautions required by
law.
PACEMAKERS
· The magnetic fields created by high currents may affect the
operation of pacemakers. Wearers of vital electronic equipment (pacemakers) should consult their physician before
beginning any arc welding, cutting, gouging or spot welding
operations.
EXPLOSIONS
· Do not weld in the vicinity of containers under pressure, or in the presence of explosive dust, gases or
fumes. · All cylinders and pressure regulators used in
welding operations should be handled with care.
8
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
This machine is manufactured in compliance with the
instructions contained in the harmonized standard
EN50199, and must be used solely for professional purposes in an industrial environment. There may be potential difficulties in ensuring electromagnetic compatibility in nonindustrial environments.
IN CASE OF MALFUNCTIONS, REQUEST ASSISTANCE
FROM QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
2.1 SPECIFICATIONS
This manual has been prepared for the purpose of educating personnel assigned to install, operate and service
the welding machine.
This equipment is a constant-voltage power source, suitable for MIG/MAG and OPEN-ARC welding.
Upon receiving the machine, make sure there are no broken or damaged parts.
The purchaser should address any complaints for losses
or damage to the vector. Please indicate the article and
serial number whenever requesting information about the
welding machine.
2.2 EXPLANATION OF TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
EN 50199
EN60974.1
N°
indi-
The welding machine is manufactured
according to these international standards.
serial number, which must always be
cated on any type of request regarding
the welding machine.
Single-phase transformer - rectifier
three-phase transformer-rectifier.
MIG/MAG.
I2 max
U0.
X.
I2.
U2.
U1.
1~ 50/60Hz
3~ 50/60Hz
I1 max
I1 eff
IP21C
Flat characteristic.
Suitable for continuous electrode welding.
Unconventional welding current.
This value represents the max. limit
attainable in welding.
Secondary open-circuit voltage.
Duty cycle percentage.
The duty cycle expresses the percentage
of 10 minutes during which the welding
machine may run at a certain current
without overheating.
Welding current
Secondary voltage with welding current
I2.
Rated supply voltage
50- or 60-Hz single-phase power supply.
50- or 60-Hz three-phase power supply.
Maximum absorbed current value.
This is the maximum value of the actual
current absorbed, considering the duty
cycle.
Protection rating for the housing.
Grade 1 as the second digit means that
this equipment is suitable for use outdoors in the rain.
The additional letter C means that the
equipment is protected against access to
the live parts of the power supply circuit
by a tool (diameter 2.5 mm).
S
Suitable for use in high-risk environments.
NOTES: The welding machine has also been designed for
use in environments with a pollution rating of 3. (See IEC
664).
2.3 Overload cut-o
out
This machine is protected by a thermostat, which prevents the machine from operating if the allowable temperatures are exceeded. In these conditions the fan continues to operate and the lamp F lights.
3 INSTALLATION
must be performed by qualified personnel.
3.2
INTERNAL CONNECTIONS
• Any intervention carried out inside the welding machine
must be performed by qualified personnel.
• Before working inside the welding machine, make sure
that the plug is disconnected from the power mains.
• After final inspection, the welding machine is connected to the voltage indicated on the power supply cable.
• To change the supply voltage, remove the right side
panel and arrange the voltage change terminal board
connections as shown in the figure.
• The supply voltage may not be changed on singlephase power sources.
• Do not use the welding machine without its cover or
side panels for obvious safety reasons, and to avoid alter-
• Only skilled personnel should install the machine .
• All connections must be carried out according to current regulations, and in full observance of safety laws.
Make sure that the supply voltage corresponds to the
value indicated on the power cable. If it is not already fitted, connect a plug suited to the power cable, making
sure that the yellow/green conductor is connected to the
earth pin.
The capacity of the overload cutout switch or fuses
installed in series with the power supply must be equivalent to the absorbed current I1 max. of the machine.
3.1 PLACEMENT
fig. 2
Mount the handle, rear wheels and the two cylinder supports.
The handle must not be used for lifting the welding
machine.
Place the welding machine in a ventilated area.
Dust, dirt, and any other foreign matter entering the welding machine can interfere with ventilation and thus with
smooth operation.
Therefore, in relation to the environment and working
conditions, it is important to keep the internal parts clean.
Clean using a jet of dry, clean air, being careful to avoid
damaging the machine in any way.
Before working inside the welding machine, make sure it
is unplugged from the power mains.
Any intervention carried out inside the welding machine
fig. 1
ing the cooling conditions for internal components.
• Connect a plug suitable for the absorbed current to the
power supply cable.
• Connect the yellow-green wire of the machine mains to
an efficient grounding socket.
3.3 EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS
3.3.1 Connecting the mass clip.
• - Connect the earth cable terminal to the socket of the
welding machine, and connect the earth clamp to the
workpiece.
3.3.2 Cylinder placement and connecting the gas hose
• Position the cylinder on the cylinder holder of the welding machine, using the straps provided to fasten it to the
rear panel of the machine.
• The gas cylinder must not be higher than 1.65m (Art.
576-5
577-5
579-5
581-5
583) and 1m (Art. 572-5
573), to avoid
creating hazardous conditions.
• Periodically check for wear on the straps, and order
replacements if necessary.
• The cylinder must be equipped with a pressure regulator complete with flow gauge.
• Only after positioning the cylinder, connect the outgoing
gas hose from the rear panel of the machine to the pressure regulator.
• Adjust the gas flow to approximately 10/12
liters/minute.
9
4 DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS
4.1
CONTROLS ON THE FRONT OF THE
MACHINE
A- Selection key.
Pressing this key causes the LEDs B, C, D
and E to light in sequence.
From within the sub-menu activated by the
2 keys Q and R, select the Soft Start, PULL 2003 motor
speed variation, and post gas functions.
B- Green LED (PROGRAM).
Signals that the display S shows the proPROGRAM gram number being used.
Check the instructions posted inside the
mobile side panel for the diameter, wire type and gas corresponding to the program number displayed.
The figure on the display S is always preceded by the letter P.
C- Green LED.
Signals that the display S shows the spot
welding or working time. The length of this
time is adjustable from 0.3 to 5 seconds.
Setting the time to 0 disables the function. The function is
active only while welding.
The value shown on the display S is always preceded by
the letter t.
D- Green LED.
Signals that the display S shows the pause
time between welding segments. The length
of this time is adjustable from 0.3 to 5 seconds. Setting the time to 0 disables the function. The
function is active only if the welding time is not 0 and
while welding. The value shown on the display S is always
preceded by the letter t.
E- Green LED (Burn-B
Back).
Signals that the display S shows the time for
which the wire exits the welding torch, after
the operator has released the torch trigger.
This time ranges from 10 to 400 milliseconds. The value
shown on the display S is always preceded by the letter t.
F- Yellow LED.
Lights when the thermostat interrupts the
welding machine operation.
G- Green LED (PULSAR).
Lights and shuts off intermittently when the
PULSAR
connector of the PULL 2003 torch or
SPOOL-GUN is connected to the connector I.
H- Central adapter.
This is where the welding torch is to be connected.
I- 10-p
pin connector.
This connector must be connected to the 10-pin patch
M
connector of the PULL 2003 torch or SPOOL- GUN.L-M
S
B
Q
C
R
PROGRAM
B
BRAVO
SYNERGIC
D
A
E
5
6
7
8
9
2
10
1
PULSAR
F
H
I
I2max.
EN 50199-IEC 60974-1
A / V - A / V
= A
U0
MIG-MAG
~
50/60Hz
S
V
U1
U1
X
I2
U2
V
V
40%
60%
A
A
V
V
V
I1max=
I1max=
A
A
B
Q
C
R
N
O
D
A
E
P
G
6
2
5
3
F
H
I
100%
A
MADE IN ITALY
2
0
P
G
1
1
Nº
S
A
SYNERGIC
4
3
I1eff= A
I1eff= A
IP 21C
4
V
L
M
L
fig.3
10
N
Earth sockets.
Sockets to which to connect the earth cable. (Some versions have a single earth socket ).
N- Selector switch.
Turns the machine on or off and selects the welding voltage ranges.
O- Selector switch.
Fine-tunes the welding voltage within the range selected
with the selector switch N.
P- Setting knob.
Adjusts the wire speed, and is active only when using the
standard welding torch and not the PULL 2003 torch or
SPOOL- GUN.
When using the program 00, adjusts the welding wire
speed from 0 to 20 meters/minute.
When using any synergic program, the knob indicator
must be set to the label SYNERGIC. Choose a synergic
program; the display S indicates the current set by the
selected program. This current corresponds to a given
speed. If you wish to correct this speed, simply turn the
knob clockwise to increase or counter-clockwise to
decrease. Changes in wire speed are always indicated on
the display S by a current.
Q and R- Keys.
• When the LED B is lit, the display S shows
the program number selected by the 2 keys.
Once the selection has been completed the
LED remains lit for 5 more seconds, then shuts off.
• When the LED C is lit the display S shows the time
selected by the 2 keys. Once the selection has been completed the LED remains lit for 5 more seconds, then shuts
off.
• When the LED D is lit, the display S shows the time
selected by the 2 keys. Once the selection has been completed the LED remains lit for 5 more seconds, then shuts
off.
• When the LED E is lit the display S shows the time
selected by the 2 keys. Once the selection has been completed the LED remains lit for 5 more seconds, then shuts
off.
• When the LEDs B, C, D, and E are off and we are within any synergic program, pressing one of the 2 keys will
cause the display S to show either the current set or the
recommended thickness in millimeters.
Adjusting the 2 selector switches N and O allows you to
immediately see, on the display S, the increase or
decrease in the value selected. This function is used
when one wishes to know in advance at what current or
thickness welding is to begin.
• Pressing the 2 keys simultaneously for at least 5 seconds causes us to enter the sub-m
menu, where we find 3
functions that may be selected via the key A:
1- Soft Start (speed).
Changes the wire speed from the one set; this speed
remains active for the time governed by the Soft Start
function (time).
The speed may be adjusted using the 2 keys Q and R
from 10% to a maximum of 150% of the set welding
speed.
This function, combined with the Soft Start function
(time), serves to improve arc striking.
The value shown on the display S is preceded by the letter (A).
2- Speed set on the motor of the PULL 2003.
Adjusting the two keys Q and R varies the speed of the
PULL 2003 from –9 to +9 compared to the set value. This
function maximizes wire advancement, putting the wire
feeder motor of the welding machine in step with the
motor of the PULL 2003.
The value shown on the display S is preceded by the letter (H).
3- Post gas.
Using the two keys Q and R, it is possible to adjust the
gas flow after welding to between 0 and 5 seconds. This
function is especially useful when welding stainless steel
and aluminum. The value shown on the display S is preceded by the letter (P).
4- Soft Start (time).
Adjusts the time for which the Soft Start speed remains
active. This function, combined with the Soft Start function (speed), serves to improve arc striking.
Using the 2 keys Q and R, the Soft Start time may be
adjusted from 0 to 1 second.
The value shown on the display S is preceded by the letter (d).
5- Two-sstage manual mode and 4-sstage automatic
mode.
stage
Adjust the 2 keys Q and R to select the 2-sstage or 4-s
mode.
If the welding machine is set to 2-sstage manual mode,
welding begins when the button E is pressed, and stops
when it is released.
If the welding machine is set to 4-sstage automatic mode,
press the torch trigger to begin welding; you may release
the trigger once the procedure has begun.
Press and release the trigger again to stop welding. This
setting is suitable for long-term welding, where the welder
may tire of holding down the torch trigger. The value
shown on the display S is preceded by the symbols (2T
and 4T).
S- Display.
Using the manual program 00 the instrument displays the
wire speed in meters per minute before welding, and the
current while welding.
Using the synergic programs it always displays the current.
As described in the paragraphs above, the following may
be displayed on the instrument before beginning to weld:
the program being used, the spot welding time, the pause
time, the Burn-Back time, the recommended thickness,
the Soft Start function, the speed set on the motor of the
PULL 2003, and the post-gas time.
5 WELDING
5.1 Installation
Make sure that the wire diameter corresponds to the diam11
eter indicated on the wire feeder roller, and that the selected
program is compatible with the material and type of gas. Use
wire feeder rollers with a "U"-shaped groove for aluminum
wires, and with a "V"-shaped groove for other wires.
fig.5
5.2 THE MACHINE IS READY TO WELD
When using the Pull-2
2000 or Spool-G
Gun torch, follow the
instructions enclosed.
• Connect the earth clamp to the workpiece.
• Set the switch N to 1.
• Remove the gas nozzle.
• Unscrew the contact tip.
• Insert the wire in the wire liner of the torch, making sure that
it is inside the roller groove and that the roller is in the correct
position.
• Press the torch trigger to move the wire forward until it
comes out of the torch.
• Caution: keep your face away from the gun tube assembly
while the wire is coming out.
• Screw the contact tip back on, making sure that the hole
diameter is the same as that of the wire used.
• Assemble the gas nozzle.
5.3 WELDING CARBON STEELS WITHOUT GAS PRO
TECTION. (only for Arts. 572 and 573).
Make sure that the cables are properly inserted on the terminal board, so that the poles match correctly (only for Art.
572 and 573, see figure 4 ).
To attain well connected and protected welds, always work
from left to right and top to bottom. Remove all waste at the
end of each welding session.
The flux-cored wire to be used is our Art. 1587, Ø 0.9mm.
fig.4
beads, with greater penetration but a considerably increase
in splatters.
• Use a welding wire of the same quality as the steel to be
welded. It is best to always use good quality wires, avoiding
welding with rusted wires that could cause welding defects.
• Avoid welding rusted parts, or those with oil or grease
stains.
5.5 WELDING STAINLESS STEEL
Make sure that the cables are properly inserted on the terminal board, so that the poles match correctly (only for Art.
572 and 573, see figure 5 ).
Series 300 stainless steels must be welded using a protection gas with a high Argon content, containing a small percentage of O2 or carbon dioxide CO2 (approximately 2%) to
stabilize the arc.
Do not touch the wire with your hands. It is important to keep
the welding area clean at all times, to avoid contaminating
the joint to be welded.
5.6 WELDING ALUMINUM
Make sure that the cables are properly inserted on the terminal
board, so that the poles match correctly (only for Art. 572 and 573,
see figure 5 ).
In order to weld aluminum you must use:
• Pure Argon as the protection gas.
• A welding wire with a composition suitable for the base material to be welded.
• Use mills and brushing machines specifically designed for aluminum, and never use them for other materials.
• In order to weld aluminum you must use the torches: PULL
2003 Art. 2003 or SPOOL-GUN Art. 1562 with the connection Art. 1196.
5.4 WELDING CARBON STEELS WITH GAS
PROTECTION.
Make sure that the cables are properly inserted on the terminal board, so that the poles match correctly (only for Art.
572 and 573, see figure 5 ).
In order to weld these materials you must:
• Use a welding gas with a binary composition, usually
ARGON + CO2 with percentages of Argon ranging from
75% up. With this blend, the welding bead will be well jointed and attractive.
Using pure CO2 as a protection gas will produce narrow
12
6 WELDING DEFECTS
1 DEFECT- Porosity (within or outside the bead)
• Electrode defective (rusted surface)
CAUSES
• Missing shielding gas due to:
- low gas flow
- flow gauge defective
- regulator frosted due to no preheating of the
CO2 protection gas
- defective solenoid valve
- contact tip clogged with spatter
- gas outlet holes clogged
- air drafts in welding area.
2 DEFECT - Shrinkage cracks
• Wire or workpiece dirty or rusted.
CAUSES
• Bead too small.
• Bead too concave.
• Bead too deeply penetrated.
3 DEFECT - Side cuts
• Welding pass done too quickly
CAUSES
• Low current and high arc voltages.
4 DEFECT - Excessive spraying
• Voltage too high.
CAUSES
• Insufficient inductance.
• No preheating of the CO2 protection gas
7 MAINTAINING THE SYSTEM
• Shielding gas nozzle
This nozzle must be periodically cleaned to remove weld
spatter. Replace if distorted or squashed.
• Contact tip.
Only a good contact between this contact tip and the wire
can ensure a stable arc and optimum current output; you
must therefore observe the following precautions:
A) The contact tip hole must be kept free of grime and oxidation (rust).
B) Weld spatter sticks more easily after long welding sessions, blocking the wire flow.
The tip must therefore be cleaned more often, and replaced
if necessary.
C) The contact tip must always be firmly screwed onto the
torch body. The thermal cycles to which the torch is subjected can cause it to loosen, thus heating the torch body
and tip and causing the wire to advance unevenly.
• Wire liner.
This is an important part that must be checked often,
because the wire may deposit copper dust or tiny shavings.
Clean it periodically along with the gas lines, using dry compressed air.
The liners are subjected to constant wear and tear, and
therefore must be replaced after a certain amount of time.
• Gearmotor group.
Periodically clean the set of feeder rollers, to remove any rust
or metal residue left by the coils. You must periodically check
the entire wire feeder group: hasp, wire guide rollers, liner
and contact tip.
8 ACCESSORIES
Art. 2003
Pull 2003 torch with UP/DOWN command on
grip.
Art. 1562
Spool-gun torch with potentiometer on grip.
Art. 1196.00 6-meter connection for 1562.
Art. 1196.20 12-meter connection for 1562.
13
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