PDF 1.9 MB, 550 pgs

PDF 1.9 MB, 550 pgs
H. R. 6
One Hundred Ninth Congress
of the
United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
the fourth day of January, two thousand and five
An Act
To ensure jobs for our future with secure, affordable, and reliable energy.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Energy Policy
Act of 2005’’.
(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents for this Act
is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
TITLE I—ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Subtitle A—Federal Programs
Energy and water saving measures in congressional buildings.
Energy management requirements.
Energy use measurement and accountability.
Procurement of energy efficient products.
Energy savings performance contracts.
Voluntary commitments to reduce industrial energy intensity.
Advanced Building Efficiency Testbed.
Increased use of recovered mineral component in federally funded projects
involving procurement of cement or concrete.
Sec. 109. Federal building performance standards.
Sec. 110. Daylight savings.
Sec. 111. Enhancing energy efficiency in management of Federal lands.
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101.
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108.
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138.
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141.
Subtitle B—Energy Assistance and State Programs
Low-income home energy assistance program.
Weatherization assistance.
State energy programs.
Energy efficient appliance rebate programs.
Energy efficient public buildings.
Low income community energy efficiency pilot program.
State Technologies Advancement Collaborative.
State building energy efficiency codes incentives.
Subtitle C—Energy Efficient Products
Energy Star program.
HVAC maintenance consumer education program.
Public energy education program.
Energy efficiency public information initiative.
Energy conservation standards for additional products.
Energy conservation standards for commercial equipment.
Energy labeling.
Intermittent escalator study.
Energy efficient electric and natural gas utilities study.
Energy efficiency pilot program.
Report on failure to comply with deadlines for new or revised energy
conservation standards.
Subtitle D—Public Housing
Sec. 151. Public housing capital fund.
H. R. 6—2
Sec. 152. Energy-efficient appliances.
Sec. 153. Energy efficiency standards.
Sec. 154. Energy strategy for HUD.
TITLE II—RENEWABLE ENERGY
Subtitle A—General Provisions
Assessment of renewable energy resources.
Renewable energy production incentive.
Federal purchase requirement.
Use of photovoltaic energy in public buildings.
Biobased products.
Renewable energy security.
Installation of photovoltaic system.
Sugar cane ethanol program.
Rural and remote community electrification grants.
Grants to improve the commercial value of forest biomass for electric energy, useful heat, transportation fuels, and other commercial purposes.
Sec. 211. Sense of Congress regarding generation capacity of electricity from renewable energy resources on public lands.
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230.
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Subtitle B—Geothermal Energy
Short title.
Competitive lease sale requirements.
Direct use.
Royalties and near-term production incentives.
Coordination of geothermal leasing and permitting on Federal lands.
Assessment of geothermal energy potential.
Cooperative or unit plans.
Royalty on byproducts.
Authorities of Secretary to readjust terms, conditions, rentals, and royalties.
Crediting of rental toward royalty.
Lease duration and work commitment requirements.
Advanced royalties required for cessation of production.
Annual rental.
Deposit and use of geothermal lease revenues for 5 fiscal years.
Acreage limitations.
Technical amendments.
Intermountain West Geothermal Consortium.
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241.
242.
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244.
245.
246.
Subtitle C—Hydroelectric
Alternative conditions and fishways.
Hydroelectric production incentives.
Hydroelectric efficiency improvement.
Alaska State jurisdiction over small hydroelectric projects.
Flint Creek hydroelectric project.
Small hydroelectric power projects.
Subtitle D—Insular Energy
Sec. 251. Insular areas energy security.
Sec. 252. Projects enhancing insular energy independence.
TITLE III—OIL AND GAS
Subtitle A—Petroleum Reserve and Home Heating Oil
Sec. 301. Permanent authority to operate the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and
other energy programs.
Sec. 302. National Oilheat Research Alliance.
Sec. 303. Site selection.
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311.
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314.
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316.
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318.
Subtitle B—Natural Gas
Exportation or importation of natural gas.
New natural gas storage facilities.
Process coordination; hearings; rules of procedure.
Penalties.
Market manipulation.
Natural gas market transparency rules.
Federal-State liquefied natural gas forums.
Prohibition of trading and serving by certain individuals.
Subtitle C—Production
Sec. 321. Outer Continental Shelf provisions.
H. R. 6—3
Sec. 322. Hydraulic fracturing.
Sec. 323. Oil and gas exploration and production defined.
Subtitle D—Naval Petroleum Reserve
Sec. 331. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction and environmental remediation,
Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2, Kern County, California.
Sec. 332. Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 Lease Revenue Account.
Sec. 333. Land conveyance, portion of Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2, to
City of Taft, California.
Sec. 334. Revocation of land withdrawal.
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343.
344.
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Sec. 355.
Sec. 356.
Sec. 357.
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Sec. 374.
Subtitle E—Production Incentives
Definition of Secretary.
Program on oil and gas royalties in-kind.
Marginal property production incentives.
Incentives for natural gas production from deep wells in the shallow waters of the Gulf of Mexico.
Royalty relief for deep water production.
Alaska offshore royalty suspension.
Oil and gas leasing in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska.
North Slope Science Initiative.
Orphaned, abandoned, or idled wells on Federal land.
Combined hydrocarbon leasing.
Preservation of geological and geophysical data.
Oil and gas lease acreage limitations.
Gas hydrate production incentive.
Enhanced oil and natural gas production through carbon dioxide injection.
Assessment of dependence of State of Hawaii on oil.
Denali Commission.
Comprehensive inventory of OCS oil and natural gas resources.
Subtitle F—Access to Federal Lands
Federal onshore oil and gas leasing and permitting practices.
Management of Federal oil and gas leasing programs.
Consultation regarding oil and gas leasing on public land.
Estimates of oil and gas resources underlying onshore Federal land.
Pilot project to improve Federal permit coordination.
Deadline for consideration of applications for permits.
Fair market value determinations for linear rights-of-way across public
lands and National Forests.
Energy right-of-way corridors on Federal land.
Oil shale, tar sands, and other strategic unconventional fuels.
Finger Lakes withdrawal.
Reinstatement of leases.
Consultation regarding energy rights-of-way on public land.
Sense of Congress regarding development of minerals under Padre Island
National Seashore.
Livingston Parish mineral rights transfer.
Subtitle G—Miscellaneous
Sec. 381. Deadline for decision on appeals of consistency determination under the
Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972.
Sec. 382. Appeals relating to offshore mineral development.
Sec. 383. Royalty payments under leases under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands
Act.
Sec. 384. Coastal impact assistance program.
Sec. 385. Study of availability of skilled workers.
Sec. 386. Great Lakes oil and gas drilling ban.
Sec. 387. Federal coalbed methane regulation.
Sec. 388. Alternate energy-related uses on the Outer Continental Shelf.
Sec. 389. Oil Spill Recovery Institute.
Sec. 390. NEPA review.
Subtitle H—Refinery Revitalization
Sec. 391. Findings and definitions.
Sec. 392. Federal-State regulatory coordination and assistance.
TITLE IV—COAL
Subtitle A—Clean Coal Power Initiative
Sec. 401. Authorization of appropriations.
H. R. 6—4
Sec. 402. Project criteria.
Sec. 403. Report.
Sec. 404. Clean coal centers of excellence.
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411.
412.
413.
414.
415.
416.
417.
Subtitle B—Clean Power Projects
Integrated coal/renewable energy system.
Loan to place Alaska clean coal technology facility in service.
Western integrated coal gasification demonstration project.
Coal gasification.
Petroleum coke gasification.
Electron scrubbing demonstration.
Department of Energy transportation fuels from Illinois basin coal.
Subtitle C—Coal and Related Programs
Sec. 421. Amendment of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.
Subtitle D—Federal Coal Leases
Short title.
Repeal of the 160-acre limitation for coal leases.
Approval of logical mining units.
Payment of advance royalties under coal leases.
Elimination of deadline for submission of coal lease operation and reclamation plan.
Sec. 436. Amendment relating to financial assurances with respect to bonus bids.
Sec. 437. Inventory requirement.
Sec. 438. Application of amendments.
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432.
433.
434.
435.
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501.
502.
503.
504.
505.
506.
TITLE V—INDIAN ENERGY
Short title.
Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs.
Indian energy.
Consultation with Indian tribes.
Four Corners transmission line project and electrification.
Energy efficiency in federally assisted housing.
TITLE VI—NUCLEAR MATTERS
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639.
Subtitle A—Price-Anderson Act Amendments
Short title.
Extension of indemnification authority.
Maximum assessment.
Department liability limit.
Incidents outside the United States.
Reports.
Inflation adjustment.
Treatment of modular reactors.
Applicability.
Civil penalties.
Subtitle B—General Nuclear Matters
Licenses.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission scholarship and fellowship program.
Cost recovery from Government agencies.
Elimination of pension offset for certain rehired Federal retirees.
Antitrust review.
Decommissioning.
Limitation on legal fee reimbursement.
Decommissioning pilot program.
Whistleblower protection.
Medical isotope production.
Safe disposal of greater-than-Class C radioactive waste.
Prohibition on nuclear exports to countries that sponsor terrorism.
Employee benefits.
Demonstration hydrogen production at existing nuclear power plants.
Prohibition on assumption by United States Government of liability for
certain foreign incidents.
Authorization of appropriations.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission user fees and annual charges.
Standby support for certain nuclear plant delays.
Conflicts of interest relating to contracts and other arrangements.
H. R. 6—5
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641.
642.
643.
644.
645.
Subtitle C—Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project
Project establishment.
Project management.
Project organization.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Project timelines and authorization of appropriations.
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651.
652.
653.
654.
655.
656.
657.
Subtitle D—Nuclear Security
Nuclear facility and materials security.
Fingerprinting and criminal history record checks.
Use of firearms by security personnel.
Unauthorized introduction of dangerous weapons.
Sabotage of nuclear facilities, fuel, or designated material.
Secure transfer of nuclear materials.
Department of Homeland Security consultation.
TITLE VII—VEHICLES AND FUELS
Subtitle A—Existing Programs
Use of alternative fuels by dual fueled vehicles.
Incremental cost allocation.
Alternative compliance and flexibility.
Review of Energy Policy Act of 1992 programs.
Report concerning compliance with alternative fueled vehicle purchasing
requirements.
Sec. 706. Joint flexible fuel/hybrid vehicle commercialization initiative.
Sec. 707. Emergency exemption.
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701.
702.
703.
704.
705.
Subtitle B—Hybrid Vehicles, Advanced Vehicles, and Fuel Cell Buses
PART 1—HYBRID VEHICLES
Sec. 711. Hybrid vehicles.
Sec. 712. Efficient hybrid and advanced diesel vehicles.
PART 2—ADVANCED VEHICLES
Sec. 721. Pilot program.
Sec. 722. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 723. Authorization of appropriations.
PART 3—FUEL CELL BUSES
Sec. 731. Fuel cell transit bus demonstration.
Subtitle C—Clean School Buses
Sec. 741. Clean school bus program.
Sec. 742. Diesel truck retrofit and fleet modernization program.
Sec. 743. Fuel cell school buses.
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751.
752.
753.
754.
755.
756.
757.
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759.
Subtitle D—Miscellaneous
Railroad efficiency.
Mobile emission reductions trading and crediting.
Aviation fuel conservation and emissions.
Diesel fueled vehicles.
Conserve by Bicycling Program.
Reduction of engine idling.
Biodiesel engine testing program.
Ultra-efficient engine technology for aircraft.
Fuel economy incentive requirements.
Subtitle E—Automobile Efficiency
Sec. 771. Authorization of appropriations for implementation and enforcement of
fuel economy standards.
Sec. 772. Extension of maximum fuel economy increase for alternative fueled vehicles.
Sec. 773. Study of feasibility and effects of reducing use of fuel for automobiles.
Sec. 774. Update testing procedures.
Subtitle F—Federal and State Procurement
Sec. 781. Definitions.
Sec. 782. Federal and State procurement of fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen energy
systems.
H. R. 6—6
Sec. 783. Federal procurement of stationary, portable, and micro fuel cells.
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791.
792.
793.
794.
795.
796.
797.
Subtitle G—Diesel Emissions Reduction
Definitions.
National grant and loan programs.
State grant and loan programs.
Evaluation and report.
Outreach and incentives.
Effect of subtitle.
Authorization of appropriations.
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811.
812.
813.
814.
815.
816.
TITLE VIII—HYDROGEN
Hydrogen and fuel cell program.
Purposes.
Definitions.
Plan.
Programs.
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Task Force.
Technical Advisory Committee.
Demonstration.
Codes and standards.
Disclosure.
Reports.
Solar and wind technologies.
Technology transfer.
Miscellaneous provisions.
Cost sharing.
Savings clause.
TITLE IX—RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Sec. 901. Short title.
Sec. 902. Goals.
Sec. 903. Definitions.
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911.
912.
913.
914.
915.
916.
917.
Subtitle A—Energy Efficiency
Energy efficiency.
Next Generation Lighting Initiative.
National Building Performance Initiative.
Building standards.
Secondary electric vehicle battery use program.
Energy Efficiency Science Initiative.
Advanced Energy Efficiency Technology Transfer Centers.
Sec.
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921.
922.
923.
924.
925.
Subtitle B—Distributed Energy and Electric Energy Systems
Distributed energy and electric energy systems.
High power density industry program.
Micro-cogeneration energy technology.
Distributed energy technology demonstration programs.
Electric transmission and distribution programs.
Sec.
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931.
932.
933.
934.
935.
Subtitle C—Renewable Energy
Renewable energy.
Bioenergy program.
Low-cost renewable hydrogen and infrastructure for vehicle propulsion.
Concentrating solar power research program.
Renewable energy in public buildings.
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Subtitle D—Agricultural Biomass Research and Development Programs
941. Amendments to the Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000.
942. Production incentives for cellulosic biofuels.
943. Procurement of biobased products.
944. Small business bioproduct marketing and certification grants.
945. Regional bioeconomy development grants.
946. Preprocessing and harvesting demonstration grants.
947. Education and outreach.
948. Reports.
Subtitle E—Nuclear Energy
Sec. 951. Nuclear energy.
Sec. 952. Nuclear energy research programs.
H. R. 6—7
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953.
954.
955.
956.
957.
Advanced fuel cycle initiative.
University nuclear science and engineering support.
Department of Energy civilian nuclear infrastructure and facilities.
Security of nuclear facilities.
Alternatives to industrial radioactive sources.
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962.
963.
964.
965.
966.
967.
968.
Subtitle F—Fossil Energy
Fossil energy.
Coal and related technologies program.
Carbon capture research and development program.
Research and development for coal mining technologies.
Oil and gas research programs.
Low-volume oil and gas reservoir research program.
Complex well technology testing facility.
Methane hydrate research.
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Subtitle G—Science
971. Science.
972. Fusion energy sciences program.
973. Catalysis research program.
974. Hydrogen.
975. Solid state lighting.
976. Advanced scientific computing for energy missions.
977. Systems biology program.
978. Fission and fusion energy materials research program.
979. Energy and water supplies.
980. Spallation Neutron Source.
981. Rare isotope accelerator.
982. Office of Scientific and Technical Information.
983. Science and engineering education pilot program.
984. Energy research fellowships.
984A. Science and technology scholarship program.
Subtitle H—International Cooperation
Sec. 985. Western Hemisphere energy cooperation.
Sec. 986. Cooperation between United States and Israel.
Sec. 986A. International energy training.
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988.
989.
990.
991.
992.
993.
994.
995.
996.
997.
998.
Subtitle I—Research Administration and Operations
Availability of funds.
Cost sharing.
Merit review of proposals.
External technical review of Departmental programs.
National Laboratory designation.
Report on equal employment opportunity practices.
Strategy and plan for science and energy facilities and infrastructure.
Strategic research portfolio analysis and coordination plan.
Competitive award of management contracts.
Western Michigan demonstration project.
Arctic Engineering Research Center.
Barrow Geophysical Research Facility.
Subtitle J—Ultra-Deepwater and Unconventional Natural Gas and Other Petroleum
Resources
Sec. 999A. Program authority.
Sec. 999B. Ultra-deepwater and unconventional onshore natural gas and other petroleum research and development program.
Sec. 999C. Additional requirements for awards.
Sec. 999D. Advisory committees.
Sec. 999E. Limits on participation.
Sec. 999F. Sunset.
Sec. 999G. Definitions.
Sec. 999H. Funding.
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1001.
1002.
1003.
1004.
1005.
TITLE X—DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT
Improved technology transfer of energy technologies.
Technology Infrastructure Program.
Small business advocacy and assistance.
Outreach.
Relationship to other laws.
H. R. 6—8
Sec. 1006. Improved coordination and management of civilian science and technology programs.
Sec. 1007. Other transactions authority.
Sec. 1008. Prizes for achievement in grand challenges of science and technology.
Sec. 1009. Technical corrections.
Sec. 1010. University collaboration.
Sec. 1011. Sense of Congress.
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Sec.
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Sec.
Sec.
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1101.
1102.
1103.
1104.
1105.
1106.
TITLE XI—PERSONNEL AND TRAINING
Workforce trends and traineeship grants.
Educational programs in science and mathematics.
Training guidelines for nonnuclear electric energy industry personnel.
National Center for Energy Management and Building Technologies.
Improved access to energy-related scientific and technical careers.
National Power Plant Operations Technology and Educational Center.
TITLE XII—ELECTRICITY
Sec. 1201. Short title.
Subtitle A—Reliability Standards
Sec. 1211. Electric reliability standards.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1221.
1222.
1223.
1224.
Subtitle B—Transmission Infrastructure Modernization
Siting of interstate electric transmission facilities.
Third-party finance.
Advanced transmission technologies.
Advanced Power System Technology Incentive Program.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1231.
1232.
1233.
1234.
1235.
1236.
Subtitle C—Transmission Operation Improvements
Open nondiscriminatory access.
Federal utility participation in Transmission Organizations.
Native load service obligation.
Study on the benefits of economic dispatch.
Protection of transmission contracts in the Pacific Northwest.
Sense of Congress regarding locational installed capacity mechanism.
Subtitle D—Transmission Rate Reform
Sec. 1241. Transmission infrastructure investment.
Sec. 1242. Funding new interconnection and transmission upgrades.
Subtitle E—Amendments to PURPA
Sec. 1251. Net metering and additional standards.
Sec. 1252. Smart metering.
Sec. 1253. Cogeneration and small power production purchase and sale requirements.
Sec. 1254. Interconnection.
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1262.
1263.
1264.
1265.
1266.
1267.
1268.
1269.
1270.
1271.
1272.
1273.
1274.
1275.
1276.
1277.
Subtitle F—Repeal of PUHCA
Short title.
Definitions.
Repeal of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935.
Federal access to books and records.
State access to books and records.
Exemption authority.
Affiliate transactions.
Applicability.
Effect on other regulations.
Enforcement.
Savings provisions.
Implementation.
Transfer of resources.
Effective date.
Service allocation.
Authorization of appropriations.
Conforming amendments to the Federal Power Act.
Subtitle G—Market Transparency, Enforcement, and Consumer Protection
Sec. 1281. Electricity market transparency.
Sec. 1282. False statements.
H. R. 6—9
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1283.
1284.
1285.
1286.
1287.
1288.
Market manipulation.
Enforcement.
Refund effective date.
Refund authority.
Consumer privacy and unfair trade practices.
Authority of court to prohibit individuals from serving as officers, directors, and energy traders.
Sec. 1289. Merger review reform.
Sec. 1290. Relief for extraordinary violations.
Subtitle H—Definitions
Sec. 1291. Definitions.
Subtitle I—Technical and Conforming Amendments
Sec. 1295. Conforming amendments.
Subtitle J—Economic Dispatch
Sec. 1298. Economic dispatch.
TITLE XIII—ENERGY POLICY TAX INCENTIVES
Sec. 1300. Short title; amendment to 1986 Code.
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1301.
1302.
1303.
1304.
1305.
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1306.
1307.
1308.
1309.
Sec. 1310.
Sec. 1311.
Subtitle A—Electricity Infrastructure
Extension and modification of renewable electricity production credit.
Application of section 45 credit to agricultural cooperatives.
Clean renewable energy bonds.
Treatment of income of certain electric cooperatives.
Dispositions of transmission property to implement FERC restructuring
policy.
Credit for production from advanced nuclear power facilities.
Credit for investment in clean coal facilities.
Electric transmission property treated as 15-year property.
Expansion of amortization for certain atmospheric pollution control facilities in connection with plants first placed in service after 1975.
Modifications to special rules for nuclear decommissioning costs.
Five-year net operating loss carryover for certain losses.
Subtitle B—Domestic Fossil Fuel Security
Sec. 1321. Extension of credit for producing fuel from a nonconventional source for
facilities producing coke or coke gas.
Sec. 1322. Modification of credit for producing fuel from a nonconventional source.
Sec. 1323. Temporary expensing for equipment used in refining of liquid fuels.
Sec. 1324. Pass through to owners of deduction for capital costs incurred by small
refiner cooperatives in complying with Environmental Protection Agency
sulfur regulations.
Sec. 1325. Natural gas distribution lines treated as 15-year property.
Sec. 1326. Natural gas gathering lines treated as 7-year property.
Sec. 1327. Arbitrage rules not to apply to prepayments for natural gas.
Sec. 1328. Determination of small refiner exception to oil depletion deduction.
Sec. 1329. Amortization of geological and geophysical expenditures.
Subtitle C—Conservation and Energy Efficiency Provisions
Energy efficient commercial buildings deduction.
Credit for construction of new energy efficient homes.
Credit for certain nonbusiness energy property.
Credit for energy efficient appliances.
Credit for residential energy efficient property.
Credit for business installation of qualified fuel cells and stationary
microturbine power plants.
Sec. 1337. Business solar investment tax credit.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
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1331.
1332.
1333.
1334.
1335.
1336.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1341.
1342.
1343.
1344.
1345.
1346.
1347.
1348.
Subtitle D—Alternative Motor Vehicles and Fuels Incentives
Alternative motor vehicle credit.
Credit for installation of alternative fueling stations.
Reduced motor fuel excise tax on certain mixtures of diesel fuel.
Extension of excise tax provisions and income tax credit for biodiesel.
Small agri-biodiesel producer credit.
Renewable diesel.
Modification of small ethanol producer credit.
Sunset of deduction for clean-fuel vehicles and certain refueling property.
H. R. 6—10
Subtitle E—Additional Energy Tax Incentives
Sec. 1351. Expansion of research credit.
Sec. 1352. National Academy of Sciences study and report.
Sec. 1353. Recycling study.
Subtitle F—Revenue Raising Provisions
Sec. 1361. Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund financing rate.
Sec. 1362. Extension of Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund financing
rate.
Sec. 1363. Modification of recapture rules for amortizable section 197 intangibles.
Sec. 1364. Clarification of tire excise tax.
TITLE XIV—MISCELLANEOUS
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1401.
1402.
1403.
1404.
1405.
1406.
1407.
Subtitle A—In General
Sense of Congress on risk assessments.
Energy production incentives.
Regulation of certain oil used in transformers.
Petrochemical and oil refinery facility health assessment.
National Priority Project Designation.
Cold cracking.
Oxygen-fuel.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1421.
1422.
1423.
1424.
Subtitle B—Set America Free
Short title.
Purpose.
United States Commission on North American Energy Freedom.
North American energy freedom policy.
TITLE XV—ETHANOL AND MOTOR FUELS
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1513.
1514.
1515.
1516.
Subtitle A—General Provisions
Renewable content of gasoline.
Findings.
Claims filed after enactment.
Elimination of oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline.
Public health and environmental impacts of fuels and fuel additives.
Analyses of motor vehicle fuel changes.
Additional opt-in areas under reformulated gasoline program.
Data collection.
Fuel system requirements harmonization study.
Commercial byproducts from municipal solid waste and cellulosic biomass loan guarantee program.
Renewable fuel.
Conversion assistance for cellulosic biomass, waste-derived ethanol, approved renewable fuels.
Blending of compliant reformulated gasolines.
Advanced biofuel technologies program.
Waste-derived ethanol and biodiesel.
Sugar ethanol loan guarantee program.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1521.
1522.
1523.
1524.
1525.
1526.
1527.
1528.
1529.
1530.
1531.
1532.
1533.
Subtitle B—Underground Storage Tank Compliance
Short title.
Leaking underground storage tanks.
Inspection of underground storage tanks.
Operator training.
Remediation from oxygenated fuel additives.
Release prevention, compliance, and enforcement.
Delivery prohibition.
Federal facilities.
Tanks on tribal lands.
Additional measures to protect groundwater.
Authorization of appropriations.
Conforming amendments.
Technical amendments.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1501.
1502.
1503.
1504.
1505.
1506.
1507.
1508.
1509.
1510.
Sec. 1511.
Sec. 1512.
Subtitle C—Boutique Fuels
Sec. 1541. Reducing the proliferation of boutique fuels.
TITLE XVI—CLIMATE CHANGE
Subtitle A—National Climate Change Technology Deployment
Sec. 1601. Greenhouse gas intensity reducing technology strategies.
H. R. 6—11
Subtitle B—Climate Change Technology Deployment in Developing Countries
Sec. 1611. Climate change technology deployment in developing countries.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
TITLE XVII—INCENTIVES FOR INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
1701. Definitions.
1702. Terms and conditions.
1703. Eligible projects.
1704. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1801.
1802.
1803.
1804.
1805.
1806.
1807.
1808.
1809.
1810.
1811.
1812.
1813.
1814.
1815.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1816.
1817.
1818.
1819.
1820.
1821.
Sec. 1822.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1823.
1824.
1825.
1826.
1827.
Sec. 1828.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1829.
1830.
1831.
1832.
1833.
1834.
1835.
1836.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
Sec.
1837.
1838.
1839.
1840.
TITLE XVIII—STUDIES
Study on inventory of petroleum and natural gas storage.
Study of energy efficiency standards.
Telecommuting study.
LIHEAP Report.
Oil bypass filtration technology.
Total integrated thermal systems.
Report on energy integration with Latin America.
Low-volume gas reservoir study.
Investigation of gasoline prices.
Alaska natural gas pipeline.
Coal bed methane study.
Backup fuel capability study.
Indian land rights-of-way.
Mobility of scientific and technical personnel.
Interagency review of competition in the wholesale and retail markets
for electric energy.
Study of rapid electrical grid restoration.
Study of distributed generation.
Natural gas supply shortage report.
Hydrogen participation study.
Overall employment in a hydrogen economy.
Study of best management practices for energy research and development programs.
Effect of electrical contaminants on reliability of energy production systems.
Alternative fuels reports.
Final action on refunds for excessive charges.
Fuel cell and hydrogen technology study.
Passive solar technologies.
Study of link between energy security and increases in vehicle miles
traveled.
Science study on cumulative impacts of multiple offshore liquefied natural gas facilities.
Energy and water saving measures in congressional buildings.
Study of availability of skilled workers.
Review of Energy Policy Act of 1992 programs.
Study on the benefits of economic dispatch.
Renewable energy on Federal land.
Increased hydroelectric generation at existing Federal facilities.
Split-estate Federal oil and gas leasing and development practices.
Resolution of Federal resource development conflicts in the Powder
River Basin.
National security review of international energy requirements.
Used oil re-refining study.
Transmission system monitoring.
Report identifying and describing the status of potential hydropower facilities.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
Except as otherwise provided, in this Act:
(1) DEPARTMENT.—The term ‘‘Department’’ means the
Department of Energy.
(2) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘‘institution of higher education’’ has the meaning given the term in section 101(a)
of the Higher Education Act of 1065 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).
(B) INCLUSION.—The term ‘‘institution of higher education’’ includes an organization that—
H. R. 6—12
(i) is organized, and at all times thereafter operated, exclusively for the benefit of, to perform the
functions of, or to carry out the functions of one or
more organizations referred to in subparagraph (A);
and
(ii) is operated, supervised, or controlled by or
in connection with one or more of those organizations.
(3) NATIONAL LABORATORY.—The term ‘‘National Laboratory’’ means any of the following laboratories owned by the
Department:
(A) Ames Laboratory.
(B) Argonne National Laboratory.
(C) Brookhaven National Laboratory.
(D) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
(E) Idaho National Laboratory.
(F) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
(G) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
(H) Los Alamos National Laboratory.
(I) National Energy Technology Laboratory.
(J) National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
(K) Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
(L) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
(M) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory.
(N) Sandia National Laboratories.
(O) Savannah River National Laboratory.
(P) Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.
(Q) Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.
(4) SECRETARY.—The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means the Secretary
of Energy.
(5) SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN.—The term ‘‘small business
concern’’ has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
TITLE I—ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Subtitle A—Federal Programs
SEC. 101. ENERGY AND WATER SAVING MEASURES IN CONGRESSIONAL
BUILDINGS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Part 3 of title V of the National Energy
Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8251 et seq.) is amended by
adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 552. ENERGY AND WATER SAVINGS MEASURES IN CONGRESSIONAL BUILDINGS.
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—The Architect of the Capitol—
‘‘(1) shall develop, update, and implement a cost-effective
energy conservation and management plan (referred to in this
section as the ‘plan’) for all facilities administered by Congress
(referred to in this section as ‘congressional buildings’) to meet
the energy performance requirements for Federal buildings
established under section 543(a)(1); and
‘‘(2) shall submit the plan to Congress, not later than
180 days after the date of enactment of this section.
‘‘(b) PLAN REQUIREMENTS.—The plan shall include—
H. R. 6—13
‘‘(1) a description of the life cycle cost analysis used to
determine the cost-effectiveness of proposed energy efficiency
projects;
‘‘(2) a schedule of energy surveys to ensure complete surveys of all congressional buildings every 5 years to determine
the cost and payback period of energy and water conservation
measures;
‘‘(3) a strategy for installation of life cycle cost-effective
energy and water conservation measures;
‘‘(4) the results of a study of the costs and benefits of
installation of submetering in congressional buildings; and
‘‘(5) information packages and ‘how-to’ guides for each
Member and employing authority of Congress that detail
simple, cost-effective methods to save energy and taxpayer dollars in the workplace.
‘‘(c) ANNUAL REPORT.—The Architect of the Capitol shall submit
to Congress annually a report on congressional energy management
and conservation programs required under this section that
describes in detail—
‘‘(1) energy expenditures and savings estimates for each
facility;
‘‘(2) energy management and conservation projects; and
‘‘(3) future priorities to ensure compliance with this section.’’.
(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS AMENDMENT.—The table of contents
of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act is amended by
adding at the end of the items relating to part 3 of title V the
following new item:
‘‘Sec. 552. Energy and water savings measures in congressional buildings.’’.
(c) REPEAL.—Section 310 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1999 (2 U.S.C. 1815), is repealed.
SEC. 102. ENERGY MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS.
(a) ENERGY REDUCTION GOALS.—
(1) AMENDMENT.—Section 543(a)(1) of the National Energy
Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(a)(1)) is amended by
striking ‘‘its Federal buildings so that’’ and all that follows
through the end and inserting ‘‘the Federal buildings of the
agency (including each industrial or laboratory facility) so that
the energy consumption per gross square foot of the Federal
buildings of the agency in fiscal years 2006 through 2015 is
reduced, as compared with the energy consumption per gross
square foot of the Federal buildings of the agency in fiscal
year 2003, by the percentage specified in the following table:
‘‘Fiscal Year
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Percentage
reduction
.............................................................................................
2
.............................................................................................
4
.............................................................................................
6
.............................................................................................
8
.............................................................................................
10
.............................................................................................
12
.............................................................................................
14
.............................................................................................
16
.............................................................................................
18
.............................................................................................
20.’’.
(2) REPORTING BASELINE.—The energy reduction goals and
baseline established in paragraph (1) of section 543(a) of the
H. R. 6—14
National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(a)(1)),
as amended by this subsection, supersede all previous goals
and baselines under such paragraph, and related reporting
requirements.
(b) REVIEW AND REVISION OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENT.—Section 543(a) of the National Energy Conservation Policy
Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(a)) is further amended by adding at the end
the following:
‘‘(3) Not later than December 31, 2014, the Secretary shall
review the results of the implementation of the energy performance
requirement established under paragraph (1) and submit to Congress recommendations concerning energy performance requirements for fiscal years 2016 through 2025.’’.
(c) EXCLUSIONS.—Section 543(c)(1) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(c)(1)) is amended by striking
‘‘An agency may exclude’’ and all that follows through the end
and inserting ‘‘(A) An agency may exclude, from the energy performance requirement for a fiscal year established under subsection
(a) and the energy management requirement established under
subsection (b), any Federal building or collection of Federal
buildings, if the head of the agency finds that—
‘‘(i) compliance with those requirements would be impracticable;
‘‘(ii) the agency has completed and submitted all federally
required energy management reports;
‘‘(iii) the agency has achieved compliance with the energy
efficiency requirements of this Act, the Energy Policy Act of
1992, Executive orders, and other Federal law; and
‘‘(iv) the agency has implemented all practicable, life cycle
cost-effective projects with respect to the Federal building or
collection of Federal buildings to be excluded.
‘‘(B) A finding of impracticability under subparagraph (A)(i)
shall be based on—
‘‘(i) the energy intensiveness of activities carried out in
the Federal building or collection of Federal buildings; or
‘‘(ii) the fact that the Federal building or collection of
Federal buildings is used in the performance of a national
security function.’’.
(d) REVIEW BY SECRETARY.—Section 543(c)(2) of the National
Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(c)(2)) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘impracticability standards’’ and inserting
‘‘standards for exclusion’’;
(2) by striking ‘‘a finding of impracticability’’ and inserting
‘‘the exclusion’’; and
(3) by striking ‘‘energy consumption requirements’’ and
inserting ‘‘requirements of subsections (a) and (b)(1)’’.
(e) CRITERIA.—Section 543(c) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(c)) is further amended by adding
at the end the following:
‘‘(3) Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of
this paragraph, the Secretary shall issue guidelines that establish
criteria for exclusions under paragraph (1).’’.
(f) RETENTION OF ENERGY AND WATER SAVINGS.—Section 546
of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8256)
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
‘‘(e) RETENTION OF ENERGY AND WATER SAVINGS.—An agency
may retain any funds appropriated to that agency for energy
H. R. 6—15
expenditures, water expenditures, or wastewater treatment
expenditures, at buildings subject to the requirements of section
543(a) and (b), that are not made because of energy savings or
water savings. Except as otherwise provided by law, such funds
may be used only for energy efficiency, water conservation, or
unconventional and renewable energy resources projects. Such
projects shall be subject to the requirements of section 3307 of
title 40, United States Code.’’.
(g) REPORTS.—Section 548(b) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8258(b)) is amended—
(1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ‘‘THE PRESIDENT
AND’’ before ‘‘CONGRESS’’; and
(2) by inserting ‘‘President and’’ before ‘‘Congress’’.
(h) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 550(d) of the National
Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8258b(d)) is amended
in the second sentence by striking ‘‘the 20 percent reduction goal
established under section 543(a) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(a)).’’ and inserting ‘‘each of the
energy reduction goals established under section 543(a).’’.
SEC. 103. ENERGY USE MEASUREMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY.
Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act
(42 U.S.C. 8253) is further amended by adding at the end the
following:
‘‘(e) METERING OF ENERGY USE.—
‘‘(1) DEADLINE.—By October 1, 2012, in accordance with
guidelines established by the Secretary under paragraph (2),
all Federal buildings shall, for the purposes of efficient use
of energy and reduction in the cost of electricity used in such
buildings, be metered. Each agency shall use, to the maximum
extent practicable, advanced meters or advanced metering
devices that provide data at least daily and that measure
at least hourly consumption of electricity in the Federal
buildings of the agency. Such data shall be incorporated into
existing Federal energy tracking systems and made available
to Federal facility managers.
‘‘(2) GUIDELINES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the
date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary, in
consultation with the Department of Defense, the General
Services Administration, representatives from the metering
industry, utility industry, energy services industry, energy
efficiency industry, energy efficiency advocacy organizations, national laboratories, universities, and Federal
facility managers, shall establish guidelines for agencies
to carry out paragraph (1).
‘‘(B) REQUIREMENTS FOR GUIDELINES.—The guidelines
shall—
‘‘(i) take into consideration—
‘‘(I) the cost of metering and the reduced cost
of operation and maintenance expected to result
from metering;
‘‘(II) the extent to which metering is expected
to result in increased potential for energy management, increased potential for energy savings and
energy efficiency improvement, and cost and
H. R. 6—16
energy savings due to utility contract aggregation;
and
‘‘(III) the measurement and verification protocols of the Department of Energy;
‘‘(ii) include recommendations concerning the
amount of funds and the number of trained personnel
necessary to gather and use the metering information
to track and reduce energy use;
‘‘(iii) establish priorities for types and locations
of buildings to be metered based on cost-effectiveness
and a schedule of one or more dates, not later than
1 year after the date of issuance of the guidelines,
on which the requirements specified in paragraph (1)
shall take effect; and
‘‘(iv) establish exclusions from the requirements
specified in paragraph (1) based on the de minimis
quantity of energy use of a Federal building, industrial
process, or structure.
‘‘(3) PLAN.—Not later than 6 months after the date guidelines are established under paragraph (2), in a report submitted
by the agency under section 548(a), each agency shall submit
to the Secretary a plan describing how the agency will implement the requirements of paragraph (1), including (A) how
the agency will designate personnel primarily responsible for
achieving the requirements and (B) demonstration by the
agency, complete with documentation, of any finding that
advanced meters or advanced metering devices, as defined in
paragraph (1), are not practicable.’’.
SEC. 104. PROCUREMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENT PRODUCTS.
(a) REQUIREMENTS.—Part 3 of title V of the National Energy
Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8251 et seq.), as amended by
section 101, is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 553. FEDERAL PROCUREMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENT PRODUCTS.
‘‘(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) AGENCY.—The term ‘agency’ has the meaning given
that term in section 7902(a) of title 5, United States Code.
‘‘(2) ENERGY STAR PRODUCT.—The term ‘Energy Star
product’ means a product that is rated for energy efficiency
under an Energy Star program.
‘‘(3) ENERGY STAR PROGRAM.—The term ‘Energy Star program’ means the program established by section 324A of the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act.
‘‘(4) FEMP DESIGNATED PRODUCT.—The term ‘FEMP designated product’ means a product that is designated under
the Federal Energy Management Program of the Department
of Energy as being among the highest 25 percent of equivalent
products for energy efficiency.
‘‘(5) PRODUCT.—The term ‘product’ does not include any
energy consuming product or system designed or procured for
combat or combat-related missions.
‘‘(b) PROCUREMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENT PRODUCTS.—
‘‘(1) REQUIREMENT.—To meet the requirements of an agency
for an energy consuming product, the head of the agency shall,
except as provided in paragraph (2), procure—
‘‘(A) an Energy Star product; or
H. R. 6—17
‘‘(B) a FEMP designated product.
‘‘(2) EXCEPTIONS.—The head of an agency is not required
to procure an Energy Star product or FEMP designated product
under paragraph (1) if the head of the agency finds in writing
that—
‘‘(A) an Energy Star product or FEMP designated
product is not cost-effective over the life of the product
taking energy cost savings into account; or
‘‘(B) no Energy Star product or FEMP designated
product is reasonably available that meets the functional
requirements of the agency.
‘‘(3) PROCUREMENT PLANNING.—The head of an agency shall
incorporate into the specifications for all procurements
involving energy consuming products and systems, including
guide specifications, project specifications, and construction,
renovation, and services contracts that include provision of
energy consuming products and systems, and into the factors
for the evaluation of offers received for the procurement, criteria
for energy efficiency that are consistent with the criteria used
for rating Energy Star products and for rating FEMP designated products.
‘‘(c) LISTING OF ENERGY EFFICIENT PRODUCTS IN FEDERAL CATALOGS.—Energy Star products and FEMP designated products shall
be clearly identified and prominently displayed in any inventory
or listing of products by the General Services Administration or
the Defense Logistics Agency. The General Services Administration
or the Defense Logistics Agency shall supply only Energy Star
products or FEMP designated products for all product categories
covered by the Energy Star program or the Federal Energy Management Program, except in cases where the agency ordering a product
specifies in writing that no Energy Star product or FEMP designated product is available to meet the buyer’s functional requirements, or that no Energy Star product or FEMP designated product
is cost-effective for the intended application over the life of the
product, taking energy cost savings into account.
‘‘(d) SPECIFIC PRODUCTS.—(1) In the case of electric motors
of 1 to 500 horsepower, agencies shall select only premium efficient
motors that meet a standard designated by the Secretary. The
Secretary shall designate such a standard not later than 120 days
after the date of the enactment of this section, after considering
the recommendations of associated electric motor manufacturers
and energy efficiency groups.
‘‘(2) All Federal agencies are encouraged to take actions to
maximize the efficiency of air conditioning and refrigeration equipment, including appropriate cleaning and maintenance, including
the use of any system treatment or additive that will reduce the
electricity consumed by air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. Any such treatment or additive must be—
‘‘(A) determined by the Secretary to be effective in
increasing the efficiency of air conditioning and refrigeration
equipment without having an adverse impact on air conditioning performance (including cooling capacity) or equipment
useful life;
‘‘(B) determined by the Administrator of the Environmental
Protection Agency to be environmentally safe; and
‘‘(C) shown to increase seasonal energy efficiency ratio
(SEER) or energy efficiency ratio (EER) when tested by the
H. R. 6—18
National Institute of Standards and Technology according to
Department of Energy test procedures without causing any
adverse impact on the system, system components, the refrigerant or lubricant, or other materials in the system.
Results of testing described in subparagraph (C) shall be published in the Federal Register for public review and comment.
For purposes of this section, a hardware device or primary
refrigerant shall not be considered an additive.
‘‘(e) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 180 days after the date
of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue guidelines
to carry out this section.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of contents of the
National Energy Conservation Policy Act is further amended by
inserting after the item relating to section 552 the following new
item:
‘‘Sec. 553. Federal procurement of energy efficient products.’’.
SEC. 105. ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS.
(a) EXTENSION.—Section 801(c) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287(c)) is amended by striking
‘‘2006’’ and inserting ‘‘2016’’.
(b) EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY.—Any energy savings performance contract entered into under section 801 of the National Energy
Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287) after October 1, 2003,
and before the date of enactment of this Act, shall be considered
to have been entered into under that section.
SEC.
106.
VOLUNTARY COMMITMENTS
ENERGY INTENSITY.
TO
REDUCE
INDUSTRIAL
(a) DEFINITION OF ENERGY INTENSITY.—In this section, the
term ‘‘energy intensity’’ means the primary energy consumed for
each unit of physical output in an industrial process.
(b) VOLUNTARY AGREEMENTS.—The Secretary may enter into
voluntary agreements with one or more persons in industrial sectors
that consume significant quantities of primary energy for each
unit of physical output to reduce the energy intensity of the production activities of the persons.
(c) GOAL.—Voluntary agreements under this section shall have
as a goal the reduction of energy intensity by not less than 2.5
percent each year during the period of calendar years 2007 through
2016.
(d) RECOGNITION.—The Secretary, in cooperation with other
appropriate Federal agencies, shall develop mechanisms to recognize and publicize the achievements of participants in voluntary
agreements under this section.
(e) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—A person that enters into an agreement under this section and continues to make a good faith effort
to achieve the energy efficiency goals specified in the agreement
shall be eligible to receive from the Secretary a grant or technical
assistance, as appropriate, to assist in the achievement of those
goals.
(f) REPORT.—Not later than each of June 30, 2012, and June
30, 2017, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that—
(1) evaluates the success of the voluntary agreements under
this section; and
(2) provides independent verification of a sample of the
energy savings estimates provided by participating firms.
H. R. 6—19
SEC. 107. ADVANCED BUILDING EFFICIENCY TESTBED.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary, in consultation with the
Administrator of General Services, shall establish an Advanced
Building Efficiency Testbed program for the development, testing,
and demonstration of advanced engineering systems, components,
and materials to enable innovations in building technologies. The
program shall evaluate efficiency concepts for government and
industry buildings, and demonstrate the ability of next generation
buildings to support individual and organizational productivity and
health (including by improving indoor air quality) as well as flexibility and technological change to improve environmental sustainability. Such program shall complement and not duplicate existing
national programs.
(b) PARTICIPANTS.—The program established under subsection
(a) shall be led by a university with the ability to combine the
expertise from numerous academic fields including, at a minimum,
intelligent workplaces and advanced building systems and
engineering, electrical and computer engineering, computer science,
architecture, urban design, and environmental and mechanical
engineering. Such university shall partner with other universities
and entities who have established programs and the capability
of advancing innovative building efficiency technologies.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
$6,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2008, to remain
available until expended. For any fiscal year in which funds are
expended under this section, the Secretary shall provide one-third
of the total amount to the lead university described in subsection
(b), and provide the remaining two-thirds to the other participants
referred to in subsection (b) on an equal basis.
SEC. 108. INCREASED USE OF RECOVERED MINERAL COMPONENT IN
FEDERALLY FUNDED PROJECTS INVOLVING PROCUREMENT OF CEMENT OR CONCRETE.
(a) AMENDMENT.—Subtitle F of the Solid Waste Disposal Act
(42 U.S.C. 6961 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the
following:
‘‘INCREASED
USE OF RECOVERED MINERAL COMPONENT IN FEDERALLY
FUNDED PROJECTS INVOLVING PROCUREMENT OF CEMENT OR CONCRETE
‘‘SEC. 6005. (a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) AGENCY HEAD.—The term ‘agency head’ means—
‘‘(A) the Secretary of Transportation; and
‘‘(B) the head of any other Federal agency that, on
a regular basis, procures, or provides Federal funds to
pay or assist in paying the cost of procuring, material
for cement or concrete projects.
‘‘(2) CEMENT OR CONCRETE PROJECT.—The term ‘cement
or concrete project’ means a project for the construction or
maintenance of a highway or other transportation facility or
a Federal, State, or local government building or other public
facility that—
‘‘(A) involves the procurement of cement or concrete;
and
‘‘(B) is carried out, in whole or in part, using Federal
funds.
H. R. 6—20
‘‘(3) RECOVERED MINERAL COMPONENT.—The term ‘recovered mineral component’ means—
‘‘(A) ground granulated blast furnace slag, excluding
lead slag;
‘‘(B) coal combustion fly ash; and
‘‘(C) any other waste material or byproduct recovered
or diverted from solid waste that the Administrator, in
consultation with an agency head, determines should be
treated as recovered mineral component under this section
for use in cement or concrete projects paid for, in whole
or in part, by the agency head.
‘‘(b) IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date
of enactment of this section, the Administrator and each agency
head shall take such actions as are necessary to implement
fully all procurement requirements and incentives in effect
as of the date of enactment of this section (including guidelines
under section 6002) that provide for the use of cement and
concrete incorporating recovered mineral component in cement
or concrete projects.
‘‘(2) PRIORITY.—In carrying out paragraph (1), an agency
head shall give priority to achieving greater use of recovered
mineral component in cement or concrete projects for which
recovered mineral components historically have not been used
or have been used only minimally.
‘‘(3) FEDERAL PROCUREMENT REQUIREMENTS.—The Administrator and each agency head shall carry out this subsection
in accordance with section 6002.
‘‘(c) FULL IMPLEMENTATION STUDY.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator, in cooperation with
the Secretary of Transportation and the Secretary of Energy,
shall conduct a study to determine the extent to which procurement requirements, when fully implemented in accordance with
subsection (b), may realize energy savings and environmental
benefits attainable with substitution of recovered mineral
component in cement used in cement or concrete projects.
‘‘(2) MATTERS TO BE ADDRESSED.—The study shall—
‘‘(A) quantify—
‘‘(i) the extent to which recovered mineral components are being substituted for Portland cement,
particularly as a result of procurement requirements;
and
‘‘(ii) the energy savings and environmental benefits
associated with the substitution;
‘‘(B) identify all barriers in procurement requirements
to greater realization of energy savings and environmental
benefits, including barriers resulting from exceptions from
the law; and
‘‘(C)(i) identify potential mechanisms to achieve greater
substitution of recovered mineral component in types of
cement or concrete projects for which recovered mineral
components historically have not been used or have been
used only minimally;
‘‘(ii) evaluate the feasibility of establishing guidelines
or standards for optimized substitution rates of recovered
mineral component in those cement or concrete projects;
and
H. R. 6—21
‘‘(iii) identify any potential environmental or economic
effects that may result from greater substitution of recovered mineral component in those cement or concrete
projects.
‘‘(3) REPORT.—Not later than 30 months after the date
of enactment of this section, the Administrator shall submit
to Congress a report on the study.
‘‘(d) ADDITIONAL PROCUREMENT REQUIREMENTS.—Unless the
study conducted under subsection (c) identifies any effects or other
problems described in subsection (c)(2)(C)(iii) that warrant further
review or delay, the Administrator and each agency head shall,
not later than 1 year after the date on which the report under
subsection (c)(3) is submitted, take additional actions under this
Act to establish procurement requirements and incentives that provide for the use of cement and concrete with increased substitution
of recovered mineral component in the construction and maintenance of cement or concrete projects—
‘‘(1) to realize more fully the energy savings and environmental benefits associated with increased substitution; and
‘‘(2) to eliminate barriers identified under subsection
(c)(2)(B).
‘‘(e) EFFECT OF SECTION.—Nothing in this section affects the
requirements of section 6002 (including the guidelines and specifications for implementing those requirements).’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of contents of the
Solid Waste Disposal Act is amended by adding after the item
relating to section 6004 the following:
‘‘Sec. 6005. Increased use of recovered mineral component in federally funded
projects involving procurement of cement or concrete.’’.
SEC. 109. FEDERAL BUILDING PERFORMANCE STANDARDS.
Section 305(a) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act
(42 U.S.C. 6834(a)) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ‘‘CABO Model Energy
Code, 1992 (in the case of residential buildings) or ASHRAE
Standard 90.1–1989’’ and inserting ‘‘the 2004 International
Energy Conservation Code (in the case of residential buildings)
or ASHRAE Standard 90.1–2004’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(3)(A) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of
this paragraph, the Secretary shall establish, by rule, revised Federal building energy efficiency performance standards that require
that—
‘‘(i) if life-cycle cost-effective for new Federal buildings—
‘‘(I) the buildings be designed to achieve energy
consumption levels that are at least 30 percent below the
levels established in the version of the ASHRAE Standard
or the International Energy Conservation Code, as appropriate, that is in effect as of the date of enactment of
this paragraph; and
‘‘(II) sustainable design principles are applied to the
siting, design, and construction of all new and replacement
buildings; and
‘‘(ii) if water is used to achieve energy efficiency, water
conservation technologies shall be applied to the extent that
the technologies are life-cycle cost-effective.
H. R. 6—22
‘‘(B) Not later than 1 year after the date of approval of each
subsequent revision of the ASHRAE Standard or the International
Energy Conservation Code, as appropriate, the Secretary shall
determine, based on the cost-effectiveness of the requirements under
the amendment, whether the revised standards established under
this paragraph should be updated to reflect the amendment.
‘‘(C) In the budget request of the Federal agency for each
fiscal year and each report submitted by the Federal agency under
section 548(a) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42
U.S.C. 8258(a)), the head of each Federal agency shall include—
‘‘(i) a list of all new Federal buildings owned, operated,
or controlled by the Federal agency; and
‘‘(ii) a statement specifying whether the Federal buildings
meet or exceed the revised standards established under this
paragraph.’’.
SEC. 110. DAYLIGHT SAVINGS.
(a) AMENDMENT.—Section 3(a) of the Uniform Time Act of 1966
(15 U.S.C. 260a(a)) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘first Sunday of April’’ and inserting ‘‘second
Sunday of March’’; and
(2) by striking ‘‘last Sunday of October’’ and inserting ‘‘first
Sunday of November’’.
(b) EFFECTIVE DATE.—Subsection (a) shall take effect 1 year
after the date of enactment of this Act or March 1, 2007, whichever
is later.
(c) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 9 months after the
effective date stated in subsection (b), the Secretary shall report
to Congress on the impact of this section on energy consumption
in the United States.
(d) RIGHT TO REVERT.—Congress retains the right to revert
the Daylight Saving Time back to the 2005 time schedules once
the Department study is complete.
SEC. 111. ENHANCING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL LANDS.
(a) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress
that Federal agencies should enhance the use of energy efficient
technologies in the management of natural resources.
(b) ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS.—To the extent practicable,
the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Commerce, and the
Secretary of Agriculture shall seek to incorporate energy efficient
technologies in public and administrative buildings associated with
management of the National Park System, National Wildlife Refuge
System, National Forest System, National Marine Sanctuaries
System, and other public lands and resources managed by the
Secretaries.
(c) ENERGY EFFICIENT VEHICLES.—To the extent practicable,
the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Commerce, and the
Secretary of Agriculture shall seek to use energy efficient motor
vehicles, including vehicles equipped with biodiesel or hybrid engine
technologies, in the management of the National Park System,
National Wildlife Refuge System, National Forest System, National
Marine Sanctuaries System, and other public lands and resources
managed by the Secretaries.
H. R. 6—23
Subtitle B—Energy Assistance and State
Programs
SEC. 121. LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
(a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 2602(b) of the
Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C.
8621(b)) is amended by striking ‘‘and $2,000,000,000 for each of
fiscal years 2002 through 2004’’ and inserting ‘‘and $5,100,000,000
for each of fiscal years 2005 through 2007’’.
(b) RENEWABLE FUELS.—The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8621 et seq.) is amended by adding
at the end the following new section:
‘‘RENEWABLE
FUELS
‘‘SEC. 2612. In providing assistance pursuant to this title, a
State, or any other person with which the State makes arrangements to carry out the purposes of this title, may purchase renewable fuels, including biomass.’’.
(c) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—The Secretary shall report to Congress on the use of renewable fuels in providing assistance under
the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C.
8621 et seq.).
SEC. 122. WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE.
(a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 422 of the
Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6872) is
amended by striking ‘‘for fiscal years 1999 through 2003 such sums
as may be necessary’’ and inserting ‘‘$500,000,000 for fiscal year
2006, $600,000,000 for fiscal year 2007, and $700,000,000 for fiscal
year 2008’’.
(b) ELIGIBILITY.—Section 412(7) of the Energy Conservation
and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6862(7)) is amended by striking
‘‘125 percent’’ both places it appears and inserting ‘‘150 percent’’.
SEC. 123. STATE ENERGY PROGRAMS.
(a) STATE ENERGY CONSERVATION PLANS.—Section 362 of the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6322) is amended
by inserting at the end the following new subsection:
‘‘(g) The Secretary shall, at least once every 3 years, invite
the Governor of each State to review and, if necessary, revise
the energy conservation plan of such State submitted under subsection (b) or (e). Such reviews should consider the energy conservation plans of other States within the region, and identify opportunities and actions carried out in pursuit of common energy conservation goals.’’.
(b) STATE ENERGY EFFICIENCY GOALS.—Section 364 of the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6324) is amended
to read as follows:
‘‘STATE
ENERGY EFFICIENCY GOALS
‘‘SEC. 364. Each State energy conservation plan with respect
to which assistance is made available under this part on or after
the date of enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 shall
contain a goal, consisting of an improvement of 25 percent or
more in the efficiency of use of energy in the State concerned
H. R. 6—24
in calendar year 2012 as compared to calendar year 1990, and
may contain interim goals.’’.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 365(f) of the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6325(f)) is amended
by striking ‘‘for fiscal years 1999 through 2003 such sums as may
be necessary’’ and inserting ‘‘$100,000,000 for each of the fiscal
years 2006 and 2007 and $125,000,000 for fiscal year 2008’’.
SEC. 124. ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAMS.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ELIGIBLE STATE.—The term ‘‘eligible State’’ means a
State that meets the requirements of subsection (b).
(2) ENERGY STAR PROGRAM.—The term ‘‘Energy Star program’’ means the program established by section 324A of the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act.
(3) RESIDENTIAL ENERGY STAR PRODUCT.—The term ‘‘residential Energy Star product’’ means a product for a residence
that is rated for energy efficiency under the Energy Star program.
(4) STATE ENERGY OFFICE.—The term ‘‘State energy office’’
means the State agency responsible for developing State energy
conservation plans under section 362 of the Energy Policy and
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6322).
(5) STATE PROGRAM.—The term ‘‘State program’’ means
a State energy efficient appliance rebate program described
in subsection (b)(1).
(b) ELIGIBLE STATES.—A State shall be eligible to receive an
allocation under subsection (c) if the State—
(1) establishes (or has established) a State energy efficient
appliance rebate program to provide rebates to residential consumers for the purchase of residential Energy Star products
to replace used appliances of the same type;
(2) submits an application for the allocation at such time,
in such form, and containing such information as the Secretary
may require; and
(3) provides assurances satisfactory to the Secretary that
the State will use the allocation to supplement, but not supplant, funds made available to carry out the State program.
(c) AMOUNT OF ALLOCATIONS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraph (2), for each fiscal
year, the Secretary shall allocate to the State energy office
of each eligible State to carry out subsection (d) an amount
equal to the product obtained by multiplying the amount made
available under subsection (f) for the fiscal year by the ratio
that the population of the State in the most recent calendar
year for which data are available bears to the total population
of all eligible States in that calendar year.
(2) MINIMUM ALLOCATIONS.—For each fiscal year, the
amounts allocated under this subsection shall be adjusted
proportionately so that no eligible State is allocated a sum
that is less than an amount determined by the Secretary.
(d) USE OF ALLOCATED FUNDS.—The allocation to a State energy
office under subsection (c) may be used to pay up to 50 percent
of the cost of establishing and carrying out a State program.
(e) ISSUANCE OF REBATES.—Rebates may be provided to residential consumers that meet the requirements of the State program.
H. R. 6—25
The amount of a rebate shall be determined by the State energy
office, taking into consideration—
(1) the amount of the allocation to the State energy office
under subsection (c);
(2) the amount of any Federal or State tax incentive available for the purchase of the residential Energy Star product;
and
(3) the difference between the cost of the residential Energy
Star product and the cost of an appliance that is not a residential Energy Star product, but is of the same type as, and
is the nearest capacity, performance, and other relevant
characteristics (as determined by the State energy office) to,
the residential Energy Star product.
(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
$50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 125. ENERGY EFFICIENT PUBLIC BUILDINGS.
(a) GRANTS.—The Secretary may make grants to the State
agency responsible for developing State energy conservation plans
under section 362 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42
U.S.C. 6322), or, if no such agency exists, a State agency designated
by the Governor of the State, to assist units of local government
in the State in improving the energy efficiency of public buildings
and facilities—
(1) through construction of new energy efficient public
buildings that use at least 30 percent less energy than a comparable public building constructed in compliance with standards prescribed in the most recent version of the International
Energy Conservation Code, or a similar State code intended
to achieve substantially equivalent efficiency levels; or
(2) through renovation of existing public buildings to
achieve reductions in energy use of at least 30 percent as
compared to the baseline energy use in such buildings prior
to renovation, assuming a 3-year, weather-normalized average
for calculating such baseline.
(b) ADMINISTRATION.—State energy offices receiving grants
under this section shall—
(1) maintain such records and evidence of compliance as
the Secretary may require; and
(2) develop and distribute information and materials and
conduct programs to provide technical services and assistance
to encourage planning, financing, and design of energy efficient
public buildings by units of local government.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—For the purposes of
this section, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
$30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010. Not more
than 10 percent of appropriated funds shall be used for administration.
SEC. 126. LOW INCOME COMMUNITY ENERGY EFFICIENCY PILOT PROGRAM.
(a) GRANTS.—The Secretary is authorized to make grants to
units of local government, private, non-profit community development organizations, and Indian tribe economic development entities
to improve energy efficiency; identify and develop alternative,
renewable, and distributed energy supplies; and increase energy
conservation in low income rural and urban communities.
H. R. 6—26
(b) PURPOSE OF GRANTS.—The Secretary may make grants on
a competitive basis for—
(1) investments that develop alternative, renewable, and
distributed energy supplies;
(2) energy efficiency projects and energy conservation programs;
(3) studies and other activities that improve energy efficiency in low income rural and urban communities;
(4) planning and development assistance for increasing the
energy efficiency of buildings and facilities; and
(5) technical and financial assistance to local government
and private entities on developing new renewable and distributed sources of power or combined heat and power generation.
(c) DEFINITION.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘‘Indian
tribe’’ means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized
group or community, including any Alaskan Native village or
regional or village corporation as defined in or established pursuant
to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et
seq.), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and
services provided by the United States to Indians because of their
status as Indians.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—For the purposes of
this section there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
$20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2008.
SEC. 127. STATE TECHNOLOGIES ADVANCEMENT COLLABORATIVE.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in cooperation with the States,
shall establish a cooperative program for research, development,
demonstration, and deployment of technologies in which there is
a common Federal and State energy efficiency, renewable energy,
and fossil energy interest, to be known as the ‘‘State Technologies
Advancement Collaborative’’ (referred to in this section as the
‘‘Collaborative’’).
(b) DUTIES.—The Collaborative shall—
(1) leverage Federal and State funding through cost-shared
activity;
(2) reduce redundancies in Federal and State funding; and
(3) create multistate projects to be awarded through a
competitive process.
(c) ADMINISTRATION.—The Collaborative shall be administered
through an agreement between the Department and appropriate
State-based organizations.
(d) FUNDING SOURCES.—Funding for the Collaborative may be
provided from—
(1) amounts specifically appropriated for the Collaborative;
or
(2) amounts that may be allocated from other appropriations without changing the purpose for which the amounts
are appropriated.
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to carry out this section such sums as are necessary for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 128. STATE BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY CODES INCENTIVES.
Section 304(e) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act
(42 U.S.C. 6833(e)) is amended—
H. R. 6—27
(1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at
the end of the first sentence the following: ‘‘, including
increasing and verifying compliance with such codes’’; and
(2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) Additional funding shall be provided under this subsection
for implementation of a plan to achieve and document at least
a 90 percent rate of compliance with residential and commercial
building energy efficiency codes, based on energy performance—
‘‘(A) to a State that has adopted and is implementing,
on a statewide basis—
‘‘(i) a residential building energy efficiency code that
meets or exceeds the requirements of the 2004 International Energy Conservation Code, or any succeeding
version of that code that has received an affirmative determination from the Secretary under subsection (a)(5)(A);
and
‘‘(ii) a commercial building energy efficiency code that
meets or exceeds the requirements of the ASHRAE
Standard 90.1–2004, or any succeeding version of that
standard that has received an affirmative determination
from the Secretary under subsection (b)(2)(A); or
‘‘(B) in a State in which there is no statewide energy
code either for residential buildings or for commercial buildings,
to a local government that has adopted and is implementing
residential and commercial building energy efficiency codes,
as described in subparagraph (A).
‘‘(3) Of the amounts made available under this subsection,
the Secretary may use $500,000 for each fiscal year to train State
and local officials to implement codes described in paragraph (2).
‘‘(4)(A) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out
this subsection—
‘‘(i) $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010;
and
‘‘(ii) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2011 and
each fiscal year thereafter.
‘‘(B) Funding provided to States under paragraph (2) for each
fiscal year shall not exceed one-half of the excess of funding under
this subsection over $5,000,000 for the fiscal year.’’.
Subtitle C—Energy Efficient Products
SEC. 131. ENERGY STAR PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Energy Policy and Conservation Act
is amended by inserting after section 324 (42 U.S.C. 6294) the
following:
‘‘ENERGY
STAR PROGRAM
‘‘SEC. 324A. (a) IN GENERAL.—There is established within the
Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency
a voluntary program to identify and promote energy-efficient products and buildings in order to reduce energy consumption, improve
energy security, and reduce pollution through voluntary labeling
of, or other forms of communication about, products and buildings
that meet the highest energy conservation standards.
‘‘(b) DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES.—Responsibilities under the
program shall be divided between the Department of Energy and
H. R. 6—28
the Environmental Protection Agency in accordance with the terms
of applicable agreements between those agencies.
‘‘(c) DUTIES.—The Administrator and the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) promote Energy Star compliant technologies as the
preferred technologies in the marketplace for—
‘‘(A) achieving energy efficiency; and
‘‘(B) reducing pollution;
‘‘(2) work to enhance public awareness of the Energy Star
label, including by providing special outreach to small
businesses;
‘‘(3) preserve the integrity of the Energy Star label;
‘‘(4) regularly update Energy Star product criteria for
product categories;
‘‘(5) solicit comments from interested parties prior to establishing or revising an Energy Star product category, specification, or criterion (or prior to effective dates for any such product
category, specification, or criterion);
‘‘(6) on adoption of a new or revised product category,
specification, or criterion, provide reasonable notice to
interested parties of any changes (including effective dates)
in product categories, specifications, or criteria, along with—
‘‘(A) an explanation of the changes; and
‘‘(B) as appropriate, responses to comments submitted
by interested parties; and
‘‘(7) provide appropriate lead time (which shall be 270
days, unless the Agency or Department specifies otherwise)
prior to the applicable effective date for a new or a significant
revision to a product category, specification, or criterion, taking
into account the timing requirements of the manufacturing,
product marketing, and distribution process for the specific
product addressed.
‘‘(d) DEADLINES.—The Secretary shall establish new qualifying
levels—
‘‘(1) not later than January 1, 2006, for clothes washers
and dishwashers, effective beginning January 1, 2007; and
‘‘(2) not later than January 1, 2008, for clothes washers,
effective beginning January 1, 2010.’’.
(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS AMENDMENT.—The table of contents
of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. prec. 6201)
is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 324
the following:
‘‘Sec. 324A. Energy Star program.’’.
SEC. 132. HVAC MAINTENANCE CONSUMER EDUCATION PROGRAM.
Section 337 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42
U.S.C. 6307) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(c) HVAC MAINTENANCE.—(1) To ensure that installed air
conditioning and heating systems operate at maximum rated efficiency levels, the Secretary shall, not later than 180 days after
the date of enactment of this subsection, carry out a program
to educate homeowners and small business owners concerning the
energy savings from properly conducted maintenance of air conditioning, heating, and ventilating systems.
‘‘(2) The Secretary shall carry out the program under paragraph
(1), on a cost-shared basis, in cooperation with the Administrator
of the Environmental Protection Agency and any other entities
that the Secretary determines to be appropriate, including industry
H. R. 6—29
trade associations, industry members, and energy efficiency
organizations.
‘‘(d) SMALL BUSINESS EDUCATION AND ASSISTANCE.—(1) The
Administrator of the Small Business Administration, in consultation
with the Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental
Protection Agency, shall develop and coordinate a Governmentwide program, building on the Energy Star for Small Business
Program, to assist small businesses in—
‘‘(A) becoming more energy efficient;
‘‘(B) understanding the cost savings from improved energy
efficiency;
‘‘(C) understanding and accessing Federal procurement
opportunities with regard to Energy Star technologies and products; and
‘‘(D) identifying financing options for energy efficiency
upgrades.
‘‘(2) The Secretary, the Administrator of the Environmental
Protection Agency, and the Administrator of the Small Business
Administration shall—
‘‘(A) make program information available to small business
concerns directly through the district offices and resource partners of the Small Business Administration, including small
business development centers, women’s business centers, and
the Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE), and through
other Federal agencies, including the Federal Emergency
Management Agency and the Department of Agriculture; and
‘‘(B) coordinate assistance with the Secretary of Commerce
for manufacturing-related efforts, including the Manufacturing
Extension Partnership Program.
‘‘(3) The Secretary, on a cost shared basis in cooperation with
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall
provide to the Small Business Administration all advertising, marketing, and other written materials necessary for the dissemination
of information under paragraph (2).
‘‘(4) The Secretary, the Administrator of the Environmental
Protection Agency, and the Administrator of the Small Business
Administration, as part of the outreach to small business concerns
under the Energy Star Program for Small Business Program, may
enter into cooperative agreements with qualified resources partners
(including the National Center for Appropriate Technology) to establish, maintain, and promote a Small Business Energy Clearinghouse
(in this subsection referred to as the ‘Clearinghouse’).
‘‘(5) The Secretary, the Administrator of the Environmental
Protection Agency, and the Administrator of the Small Business
Administration shall ensure that the Clearinghouse provides a centralized resource where small business concerns may access, telephonically and electronically, technical information and advice to
help increase energy efficiency and reduce energy costs.
‘‘(6) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as
are necessary to carry out this subsection, to remain available
until expended.’’.
SEC. 133. PUBLIC ENERGY EDUCATION PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall convene an organizational
conference for the purpose of establishing an ongoing, self-sustaining national public energy education program.
H. R. 6—30
(b) PARTICIPANTS.—The Secretary shall invite to participate
in the conference individuals and entities representing all aspects
of energy production and distribution, including—
(1) industrial firms;
(2) professional societies;
(3) educational organizations;
(4) trade associations; and
(5) governmental agencies.
(c) PURPOSE, SCOPE, AND STRUCTURE.—
(1) PURPOSE.—The purpose of the conference shall be to
establish an ongoing, self-sustaining national public energy education program to examine and recognize interrelationships
between energy sources in all forms, including—
(A) conservation and energy efficiency;
(B) the role of energy use in the economy; and
(C) the impact of energy use on the environment.
(2) SCOPE AND STRUCTURE.—Taking into consideration the
purpose described in paragraph (1), the participants in the
conference invited under subsection (b) shall design the scope
and structure of the program described in subsection (a).
(d) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary shall provide technical assistance and other guidance necessary to carry out the
program described in subsection (a).
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section.
SEC. 134. ENERGY EFFICIENCY PUBLIC INFORMATION INITIATIVE.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a comprehensive national program, including advertising and media awareness,
to inform consumers about—
(1) the need to reduce energy consumption during the 4year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act;
(2) the benefits to consumers of reducing consumption of
electricity, natural gas, and petroleum, particularly during peak
use periods;
(3) the importance of low energy costs to economic growth
and preserving manufacturing jobs in the United States; and
(4) practical, cost-effective measures that consumers can
take to reduce consumption of electricity, natural gas, and
gasoline, including—
(A) maintaining and repairing heating and cooling
ducts and equipment;
(B) weatherizing homes and buildings;
(C) purchasing energy efficient products; and
(D) proper tire maintenance.
(b) COOPERATION.—The program carried out under subsection
(a) shall—
(1) include collaborative efforts with State and local government officials and the private sector; and
(2) incorporate, to the maximum extent practicable, successful State and local public education programs.
(c) REPORT.—Not later than July 1, 2009, the Secretary shall
submit to Congress a report describing the effectiveness of the
program under this section.
(d) TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY.—The program carried out
under this section shall terminate on December 31, 2010.
H. R. 6—31
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $90,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 135. ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS FOR ADDITIONAL
PRODUCTS.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—Section 321 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6291) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (29)—
(A) in subparagraph (D)—
(i) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘C78.1–1978(R1984)’’
and inserting ‘‘C78.81–2003 (Data Sheet 7881–ANSI–
1010–1)’’;
(ii) in clause (ii), by striking ‘‘C78.1–1978(R1984)’’
and inserting ‘‘C78.81–2003 (Data Sheet 7881–ANSI–
3007–1)’’; and
(iii) in clause (iii), by striking ‘‘C78.1–1978(R1984)’’
and inserting ‘‘C78.81–2003 (Data Sheet 7881–ANSI–
1019–1)’’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(M) The term ‘F34T12 lamp’ (also known as a ‘F40T12/
ES lamp’) means a nominal 34 watt tubular fluorescent lamp
that is 48 inches in length and 11⁄2 inches in diameter, and
conforms to ANSI standard C78.81–2003 (Data Sheet 7881–
ANSI–1006–1).
‘‘(N) The term ‘F96T12/ES lamp’ means a nominal 60 watt
tubular fluorescent lamp that is 96 inches in length and 11⁄2
inches in diameter, and conforms to ANSI standard C78.81–
2003 (Data Sheet 7881–ANSI–3006–1).
‘‘(O) The term ‘F96T12HO/ES lamp’ means a nominal 95
watt tubular fluorescent lamp that is 96 inches in length and
11⁄2 inches in diameter, and conforms to ANSI standard C78.81–
2003 (Data Sheet 7881–ANSI–1017–1).
‘‘(P) The term ‘replacement ballast’ means a ballast that—
‘‘(i) is designed for use to replace an existing ballast
in a previously installed luminaire;
‘‘(ii) is marked ‘FOR REPLACEMENT USE ONLY’;
‘‘(iii) is shipped by the manufacturer in packages containing not more than 10 ballasts; and
‘‘(iv) has output leads that when fully extended are
a total length that is less than the length of the lamp
with which the ballast is intended to be operated.’’;
(2) in paragraph (30)(S)—
(A) by inserting ‘‘(i)’’ before ‘‘The term’’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(ii) The term ‘medium base compact fluorescent lamp’
does not include—
‘‘(I) any lamp that is—
‘‘(aa) specifically designed to be used for special purpose applications; and
‘‘(bb) unlikely to be used in general purpose
applications, such as the applications described
in subparagraph (D); or
‘‘(II) any lamp not described in subparagraph (D)
that is excluded by the Secretary, by rule, because
the lamp is—
‘‘(aa) designed for special applications; and
H. R. 6—32
‘‘(bb) unlikely to be used in general purpose
applications.’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(32) The term ‘battery charger’ means a device that
charges batteries for consumer products, including battery chargers embedded in other consumer products.
‘‘(33)(A) The term ‘commercial prerinse spray valve’ means
a handheld device designed and marketed for use with commercial dishwashing and ware washing equipment that sprays
water on dishes, flatware, and other food service items for
the purpose of removing food residue before cleaning the items.
‘‘(B) The Secretary may modify the definition of ‘commercial
prerinse spray valve’ by rule—
‘‘(i) to include products—
‘‘(I) that are extensively used in conjunction with
commercial dishwashing and ware washing equipment;
‘‘(II) the application of standards to which would
result in significant energy savings; and
‘‘(III) the application of standards to which would
meet the criteria specified in section 325(o)(4); and
‘‘(ii) to exclude products—
‘‘(I) that are used for special food service applications;
‘‘(II) that are unlikely to be widely used in conjunction with commercial dishwashing and ware washing
equipment; and
‘‘(III) the application of standards to which would
not result in significant energy savings.
‘‘(34) The term ‘dehumidifier’ means a self-contained, electrically operated, and mechanically encased assembly consisting
of—
‘‘(A) a refrigerated surface (evaporator) that condenses
moisture from the atmosphere;
‘‘(B) a refrigerating system, including an electric motor;
‘‘(C) an air-circulating fan; and
‘‘(D) means for collecting or disposing of the condensate.
‘‘(35)(A) The term ‘distribution transformer’ means a transformer that—
‘‘(i) has an input voltage of 34.5 kilovolts or less;
‘‘(ii) has an output voltage of 600 volts or less; and
‘‘(iii) is rated for operation at a frequency of 60 Hertz.
‘‘(B) The term ‘distribution transformer’ does not include—
‘‘(i) a transformer with multiple voltage taps, the
highest of which equals at least 20 percent more than
the lowest;
‘‘(ii) a transformer that is designed to be used in a
special purpose application and is unlikely to be used in
general purpose applications, such as a drive transformer,
rectifier transformer, auto-transformer, Uninterruptible
Power System transformer, impedance transformer, regulating transformer, sealed and nonventilating transformer,
machine tool transformer, welding transformer, grounding
transformer, or testing transformer; or
‘‘(iii) any transformer not listed in clause (ii) that is
excluded by the Secretary by rule because—
‘‘(I) the transformer is designed for a special
application;
H. R. 6—33
‘‘(II) the transformer is unlikely to be used in
general purpose applications; and
‘‘(III) the application of standards to the transformer would not result in significant energy savings.
‘‘(36) The term ‘external power supply’ means an external
power supply circuit that is used to convert household electric
current into DC current or lower-voltage AC current to operate
a consumer product.
‘‘(37) The term ‘illuminated exit sign’ means a sign that—
‘‘(A) is designed to be permanently fixed in place to
identify an exit; and
‘‘(B) consists of an electrically powered integral light
source that—
‘‘(i) illuminates the legend ‘EXIT’ and any directional indicators; and
‘‘(ii) provides contrast between the legend, any
directional indicators, and the background.
‘‘(38) The term ‘low-voltage dry-type distribution transformer’ means a distribution transformer that—
‘‘(A) has an input voltage of 600 volts or less;
‘‘(B) is air-cooled; and
‘‘(C) does not use oil as a coolant.
‘‘(39) The term ‘pedestrian module’ means a light signal
used to convey movement information to pedestrians.
‘‘(40) The term ‘refrigerated bottled or canned beverage
vending machine’ means a commercial refrigerator that cools
bottled or canned beverages and dispenses the bottled or canned
beverages on payment.
‘‘(41) The term ‘standby mode’ means the lowest power
consumption mode, as established on an individual product
basis by the Secretary, that—
‘‘(A) cannot be switched off or influenced by the user;
and
‘‘(B) may persist for an indefinite time when an appliance is—
‘‘(i) connected to the main electricity supply; and
‘‘(ii) used in accordance with the instructions of
the manufacturer.
‘‘(42) The term ‘torchiere’ means a portable electric lamp
with a reflector bowl that directs light upward to give indirect
illumination.
‘‘(43) The term ‘traffic signal module’ means a standard
8-inch (200mm) or 12-inch (300mm) traffic signal indication
that—
‘‘(A) consists of a light source, a lens, and all other
parts necessary for operation; and
‘‘(B) communicates movement messages to drivers
through red, amber, and green colors.
‘‘(44) The term ‘transformer’ means a device consisting
of 2 or more coils of insulated wire that transfers alternating
current by electromagnetic induction from 1 coil to another
to change the original voltage or current value.
‘‘(45)(A) The term ‘unit heater’ means a self-contained fantype heater designed to be installed within the heated space.
‘‘(B) The term ‘unit heater’ does not include a warm air
furnace.
H. R. 6—34
‘‘(46)(A) The term ‘high intensity discharge lamp’ means
an electric-discharge lamp in which—
‘‘(i) the light-producing arc is stabilized by bulb wall
temperature; and
‘‘(ii) the arc tube has a bulb wall loading in excess
of 3 Watts/cm2.
‘‘(B) The term ‘high intensity discharge lamp’ includes mercury vapor, metal halide, and high-pressure sodium lamps
described in subparagraph (A).
‘‘(47)(A) The term ‘mercury vapor lamp’ means a high intensity discharge lamp in which the major portion of the light
is produced by radiation from mercury operating at a partial
pressure in excess of 100,000 Pa (approximately 1 atm).
‘‘(B) The term ‘mercury vapor lamp’ includes clear, phosphor-coated, and self-ballasted lamps described in subparagraph (A).
‘‘(48) The term ‘mercury vapor lamp ballast’ means a device
that is designed and marketed to start and operate mercury
vapor lamps by providing the necessary voltage and current.
‘‘(49) The term ‘ceiling fan’ means a nonportable device
that is suspended from a ceiling for circulating air via the
rotation of fan blades.
‘‘(50) The term ‘ceiling fan light kit’ means equipment
designed to provide light from a ceiling fan that can be—
‘‘(A) integral, such that the equipment is attached to
the ceiling fan prior to the time of retail sale; or
‘‘(B) attachable, such that at the time of retail sale
the equipment is not physically attached to the ceiling
fan, but may be included inside the ceiling fan at the
time of sale or sold separately for subsequent attachment
to the fan.
‘‘(51) The term ‘medium screw base’ means an Edison screw
base identified with the prefix E–26 in the ‘American National
Standard for Electric Lamp Bases’, ANSI/IEC C81.61–2003,
published by the American National Standards Institute.’’.
(b) TEST PROCEDURES.—Section 323 of the Energy Policy and
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6293) is amended—
(1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(9) Test procedures for illuminated exit signs shall be based
on the test method used under version 2.0 of the Energy Star
program of the Environmental Protection Agency for illuminated
exit signs.
‘‘(10)(A) Test procedures for distribution transformers and low
voltage dry-type distribution transformers shall be based on the
‘Standard Test Method for Measuring the Energy Consumption
of Distribution Transformers’ prescribed by the National Electrical
Manufacturers Association (NEMA TP 2–1998).
‘‘(B) The Secretary may review and revise the test procedures
established under subparagraph (A).
‘‘(C) For purposes of section 346(a), the test procedures established under subparagraph (A) shall be considered to be the testing
requirements prescribed by the Secretary under section 346(a)(1)
for distribution transformers for which the Secretary makes a determination that energy conservation standards would—
‘‘(i) be technologically feasible and economically justified;
and
‘‘(ii) result in significant energy savings.
H. R. 6—35
‘‘(11) Test procedures for traffic signal modules and pedestrian
modules shall be based on the test method used under the Energy
Star program of the Environmental Protection Agency for traffic
signal modules, as in effect on the date of enactment of this paragraph.
‘‘(12)(A) Test procedures for medium base compact fluorescent
lamps shall be based on the test methods for compact fluorescent
lamps used under the August 9, 2001, version of the Energy Star
program of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy.
‘‘(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), medium base
compact fluorescent lamps shall meet all test requirements for
regulated parameters of section 325(cc).
‘‘(C) Notwithstanding subparagraph (B), if manufacturers document engineering predictions and analysis that support expected
attainment of lumen maintenance at 40 percent rated life and
lamp lifetime, medium base compact fluorescent lamps may be
marketed before completion of the testing of lamp life and lumen
maintenance at 40 percent of rated life.
‘‘(13) Test procedures for dehumidifiers shall be based on the
test criteria used under the Energy Star Program Requirements
for Dehumidifiers developed by the Environmental Protection
Agency, as in effect on the date of enactment of this paragraph
unless revised by the Secretary pursuant to this section.
‘‘(14) The test procedure for measuring flow rate for commercial
prerinse spray valves shall be based on American Society for Testing
and Materials Standard F2324, entitled ‘Standard Test Method
for Pre-Rinse Spray Valves’.
‘‘(15) The test procedure for refrigerated bottled or canned
beverage vending machines shall be based on American National
Standards Institute/American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and
Air-Conditioning Engineers Standard 32.1–2004, entitled ‘Methods
of Testing for Rating Vending Machines for Bottled, Canned or
Other Sealed Beverages’.
‘‘(16)(A)(i) Test procedures for ceiling fans shall be based on
the ‘Energy Star Testing Facility Guidance Manual: Building a
Testing Facility and Performing the Solid State Test Method for
ENERGY STAR Qualified Ceiling Fans, Version 1.1’ published by
the Environmental Protection Agency.
‘‘(ii) Test procedures for ceiling fan light kits shall be based
on the test procedures referenced in the Energy Star specifications
for Residential Light Fixtures and Compact Fluorescent Light
Bulbs, as in effect on the date of enactment of this paragraph.
‘‘(B) The Secretary may review and revise the test procedures
established under subparagraph (A).’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(f) ADDITIONAL CONSUMER AND COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS.—(1)
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this subsection,
the Secretary shall prescribe testing requirements for refrigerated
bottled or canned beverage vending machines.
‘‘(2) To the maximum extent practicable, the testing requirements prescribed under paragraph (1) shall be based on existing
test procedures used in industry.’’.
(c) STANDARD SETTING AUTHORITY.—Section 325 of the Energy
Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6295) is amended—
(1) in subsection (f)(3), by adding at the end the following:
H. R. 6—36
‘‘(D) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, if the
requirements of subsection (o) are met, the Secretary may consider
and prescribe energy conservation standards or energy use standards for electricity used for purposes of circulating air through
duct work.’’;
(2) in subsection (g)—
(A) in paragraph (6)(B), by inserting ‘‘and labeled’’
after ‘‘designed’’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(8)(A) Each fluorescent lamp ballast (other than replacement
ballasts or ballasts described in subparagraph (C))—
‘‘(i)(I) manufactured on or after July 1, 2009;
‘‘(II) sold by the manufacturer on or after October 1, 2009;
or
‘‘(III) incorporated into a luminaire by a luminaire manufacturer on or after July 1, 2010; and
‘‘(ii) designed—
‘‘(I) to operate at nominal input voltages of 120 or
277 volts;
‘‘(II) to operate with an input current frequency of
60 Hertz; and
‘‘(III) for use in connection with F34T12 lamps, F96T12/
ES lamps, or F96T12HO/ES lamps;
shall have a power factor of 0.90 or greater and shall have
a ballast efficacy factor of not less than the following:
‘‘Application for operation
of
One F34T12 lamp
Two F34T12 lamps
Two F96T12/ES lamps
Two F96T12HO/ES lamps
Ballast
input
voltage
120/277
120/277
120/277
120/277
Total
nominal
lamp
watts
34
68
120
190
Ballast
efficacy
factor
2.61
1.35
0.77
0.42.
‘‘(B) The standards described in subparagraph (A) shall apply
to all ballasts covered by subparagraph (A)(ii) that are manufactured on or after July 1, 2010, or sold by the manufacturer on
or after October 1, 2010.
‘‘(C) The standards described in subparagraph (A) do not apply
to—
‘‘(i) a ballast that is designed for dimming to 50 percent
or less of the maximum output of the ballast;
‘‘(ii) a ballast that is designed for use with 2 F96T12HO
lamps at ambient temperatures of 20°F or less and for use
in an outdoor sign; or
‘‘(iii) a ballast that has a power factor of less than 0.90
and is designed and labeled for use only in residential applications.’’;
(3) in subsection (o), by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(5) The Secretary may set more than 1 energy conservation
standard for products that serve more than 1 major function by
setting 1 energy conservation standard for each major function.’’;
and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(u) BATTERY CHARGER AND EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY ELECTRIC
ENERGY CONSUMPTION.—(1)(A) Not later than 18 months after the
date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall, after
providing notice and an opportunity for comment, prescribe, by
H. R. 6—37
rule, definitions and test procedures for the power use of battery
chargers and external power supplies.
‘‘(B) In establishing the test procedures under subparagraph
(A), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(i) consider existing definitions and test procedures used
for measuring energy consumption in standby mode and other
modes; and
‘‘(ii) assess the current and projected future market for
battery chargers and external power supplies.
‘‘(C) The assessment under subparagraph (B)(ii) shall include—
‘‘(i) estimates of the significance of potential energy savings
from technical improvements to battery chargers and external
power supplies; and
‘‘(ii) suggested product classes for energy conservation
standards.
‘‘(D) Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment
of this subsection, the Secretary shall hold a scoping workshop
to discuss and receive comments on plans for developing energy
conservation standards for energy use for battery chargers and
external power supplies.
‘‘(E)(i) Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment
of this subsection, the Secretary shall issue a final rule that determines whether energy conservation standards shall be issued for
battery chargers and external power supplies or classes of battery
chargers and external power supplies.
‘‘(ii) For each product class, any energy conservation standards
issued under clause (i) shall be set at the lowest level of energy
use that—
‘‘(I) meets the criteria and procedures of subsections (o),
(p), (q), (r), (s), and (t); and
‘‘(II) would result in significant overall annual energy
savings, considering standby mode and other operating modes.
‘‘(2) In determining under section 323 whether test procedures
and energy conservation standards under this section should be
revised with respect to covered products that are major sources
of standby mode energy consumption, the Secretary shall consider
whether to incorporate standby mode into the test procedures and
energy conservation standards, taking into account standby mode
power consumption compared to overall product energy consumption.
‘‘(3) The Secretary shall not propose an energy conservation
standard under this section, unless the Secretary has issued
applicable test procedures for each product under section 323.
‘‘(4) Any energy conservation standard issued under this subsection shall be applicable to products manufactured or imported
beginning on the date that is 3 years after the date of issuance.
‘‘(5) The Secretary and the Administrator shall collaborate and
develop programs (including programs under section 324A and other
voluntary industry agreements or codes of conduct) that are
designed to reduce standby mode energy use.
‘‘(v) CEILING FANS AND REFRIGERATED BEVERAGE VENDING
MACHINES.—(1) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment
of this subsection, the Secretary shall prescribe, by rule, test procedures and energy conservation standards for ceiling fans and ceiling
fan light kits. If the Secretary sets such standards, the Secretary
shall consider exempting or setting different standards for certain
product classes for which the primary standards are not technically
H. R. 6—38
feasible or economically justified, and establishing separate or
exempted product classes for highly decorative fans for which air
movement performance is a secondary design feature.
‘‘(2) Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of
this subsection, the Secretary shall prescribe, by rule, energy conservation standards for refrigerated bottle or canned beverage
vending machines.
‘‘(3) In establishing energy conservation standards under this
subsection, the Secretary shall use the criteria and procedures
prescribed under subsections (o) and (p).
‘‘(4) Any energy conservation standard prescribed under this
subsection shall apply to products manufactured 3 years after the
date of publication of a final rule establishing the energy conservation standard.
‘‘(w) ILLUMINATED EXIT SIGNS.—An illuminated exit sign manufactured on or after January 1, 2006, shall meet the version 2.0
Energy Star Program performance requirements for illuminated
exit signs prescribed by the Environmental Protection Agency.
‘‘(x) TORCHIERES.—A torchiere manufactured on or after
January 1, 2006—
‘‘(1) shall consume not more than 190 watts of power;
and
‘‘(2) shall not be capable of operating with lamps that
total more than 190 watts.
‘‘(y) LOW VOLTAGE DRY-TYPE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS.—
The efficiency of a low voltage dry-type distribution transformer
manufactured on or after January 1, 2007, shall be the Class
I Efficiency Levels for distribution transformers specified in table
4–2 of the ‘Guide for Determining Energy Efficiency for Distribution
Transformers’ published by the National Electrical Manufacturers
Association (NEMA TP–1–2002).
‘‘(z) TRAFFIC SIGNAL MODULES AND PEDESTRIAN MODULES.—
Any traffic signal module or pedestrian module manufactured on
or after January 1, 2006, shall—
‘‘(1) meet the performance requirements used under the
Energy Star program of the Environmental Protection Agency
for traffic signals, as in effect on the date of enactment of
this subsection; and
‘‘(2) be installed with compatible, electrically connected
signal control interface devices and conflict monitoring systems.
‘‘(aa) UNIT HEATERS.—A unit heater manufactured on or after
the date that is 3 years after the date of enactment of this subsection
shall—
‘‘(1) be equipped with an intermittent ignition device; and
‘‘(2) have power venting or an automatic flue damper.
‘‘(bb) MEDIUM BASE COMPACT FLUORESCENT LAMPS.—(1) A bare
lamp and covered lamp (no reflector) medium base compact fluorescent lamp manufactured on or after January 1, 2006, shall meet
the following requirements prescribed by the August 9, 2001,
version of the Energy Star Program Requirements for Compact
Fluorescent Lamps, Energy Star Eligibility Criteria, Energy-Efficiency Specification issued by the Environmental Protection Agency
and Department of Energy:
‘‘(A) Minimum initial efficacy.
‘‘(B) Lumen maintenance at 1000 hours.
‘‘(C) Lumen maintenance at 40 percent of rated life.
‘‘(D) Rapid cycle stress test.
H. R. 6—39
‘‘(E) Lamp life.
‘‘(2) The Secretary may, by rule, establish requirements for
color quality (CRI), power factor, operating frequency, and maximum allowable start time based on the requirements prescribed
by the August 9, 2001, version of the Energy Star Program Requirements for Compact Fluorescent Lamps.
‘‘(3) The Secretary may, by rule—
‘‘(A) revise the requirements established under paragraph
(2); or
‘‘(B) establish other requirements, after considering energy
savings, cost effectiveness, and consumer satisfaction.
‘‘(cc) DEHUMIDIFIERS.—(1) Dehumidifiers manufactured on or
after October 1, 2007, shall have an Energy Factor that meets
or exceeds the following values:
‘‘Product Capacity (pints/day):
25.00
25.01
35.01
54.01
75.00
or less ......................................................................................
– 35.00 .....................................................................................
– 54.00 .....................................................................................
– 74.99 .....................................................................................
or more ....................................................................................
Minimum
Energy
Factor
(Liters/kWh)
1.00
1.20
1.30
1.50
2.25.
‘‘(2)(A) Not later than October 1, 2009, the Secretary shall
publish a final rule in accordance with subsections (o) and (p),
to determine whether the energy conservation standards established
under paragraph (1) should be amended.
‘‘(B) The final rule published under subparagraph (A) shall—
‘‘(i) contain any amendment by the Secretary; and
‘‘(ii) provide that the amendment applies to products manufactured on or after October 1, 2012.
‘‘(C) If the Secretary does not publish an amendment that
takes effect by October 1, 2012, dehumidifiers manufactured on
or after October 1, 2012, shall have an Energy Factor that meets
or exceeds the following values:
‘‘Product Capacity (pints/day):
25.00
25.01
35.01
45.01
54.01
75.00
or less ......................................................................................
– 35.00 .....................................................................................
– 45.00 .....................................................................................
– 54.00 .....................................................................................
– 74.99 .....................................................................................
or more ....................................................................................
Minimum
Energy
Factor
(Liters/kWh)
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.50
1.60
2.5.
‘‘(dd) COMMERCIAL PRERINSE SPRAY VALVES.—Commercial
prerinse spray valves manufactured on or after January 1, 2006,
shall have a flow rate of not more than 1.6 gallons per minute.
‘‘(ee) MERCURY VAPOR LAMP BALLASTS.—Mercury vapor lamp
ballasts shall not be manufactured or imported after January 1,
2008.
‘‘(ff) CEILING FANS AND CEILING FAN LIGHT KITS.—(1)(A) All
ceiling fans manufactured on or after January 1, 2007, shall have
the following features:
‘‘(i) Fan speed controls separate from any lighting controls.
‘‘(ii) Adjustable speed controls (either more than 1 speed
or variable speed).
‘‘(iii) Adjustable speed controls (either more than 1 speed
or variable speed).
‘‘(iv) The capability of reversible fan action, except for—
H. R. 6—40
‘‘(I) fans sold for industrial applications;
‘‘(II) outdoor applications; and
‘‘(III) cases in which safety standards would be violated
by the use of the reversible mode.
‘‘(B) The Secretary may define the exceptions described in
clause (iv) in greater detail, but shall not substantively expand
the exceptions.
‘‘(2)(A) Ceiling fan light kits with medium screw base sockets
manufactured on or after January 1, 2007, shall be packaged with
screw-based lamps to fill all screw base sockets.
‘‘(B) The screw-based lamps required under subparagraph (A)
shall—
‘‘(i) meet the Energy Star Program Requirements for Compact Fluorescent Lamps, version 3.0, issued by the Department
of Energy; or
‘‘(ii) use light sources other than compact fluorescent lamps
that have lumens per watt performance at least equivalent
to comparably configured compact fluorescent lamps meeting
the Energy Star Program Requirements described in clause
(i).
‘‘(3) Ceiling fan light kits with pin-based sockets for fluorescent
lamps manufactured on or after January 1, 2007 shall—
‘‘(A) meet the Energy Star Program Requirements for Residential Light Fixtures version 4.0 issued by the Environmental
Protection Agency; and
‘‘(B) be packaged with lamps to fill all sockets.
‘‘(4)(A) By January 1, 2007, the Secretary shall consider and
issue requirements for any ceiling fan lighting kits other than
those covered in paragraphs (2) and (3), including candelabra screw
base sockets.
‘‘(B) The requirements issued under subparagraph (A) shall
be effective for products manufactured 2 years after the date of
the final rule.
‘‘(C) If the Secretary fails to issue a final rule by the date
specified in subparagraph (B), any type of ceiling fan lighting kit
described in subparagraph (A) that is manufactured after January
1, 2009—
‘‘(i) shall not be capable of operating with lamps that total
more than 190 watts; and
‘‘(ii) shall include the lamps described in clause (i) in the
ceiling fan lighting kits.
‘‘(5)(A) After January 1, 2010, the Secretary may consider,
and issue, if the requirements of subsections (o) and (p) are met,
amended energy efficiency standards for ceiling fan light kits.
‘‘(B) Any amended standards issued under subparagraph (A)
shall apply to products manufactured not earlier than 2 years
after the date of publication of the final rule establishing the
amended standard.
‘‘(6)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the
Secretary may consider, and issue, if the requirements of subsections (o) and (p) are met, energy efficiency or energy use standards for electricity used by ceiling fans to circulate air in a room.
‘‘(B) In issuing the standards under subparagraph (A), the
Secretary shall consider—
‘‘(C) exempting, or setting different standards for, certain
product classes for which the primary standards are not technically feasible or economically justified; and
H. R. 6—41
‘‘(D) establishing separate exempted product classes for
highly decorative fans for which air movement performance
is a secondary design feature.
‘‘(7) Section 327 shall apply to the products covered in paragraphs (1) through (4) beginning on the date of enactment of this
subsection, except that any State or local labeling requirement
for ceiling fans prescribed or enacted before the date of enactment
of this subsection shall not be preempted until the labeling requirements applicable to ceiling fans established under section 327 take
effect.
‘‘(gg) APPLICATION DATE.—Section 327 applies—
‘‘(1) to products for which energy conservation standards
are to be established under subsection (l), (u), or (v) beginning
on the date on which a final rule is issued by the Secretary,
except that any State or local standard prescribed or enacted
for the product before the date on which the final rule is
issued shall not be preempted until the energy conservation
standard established under subsection (l), (u), or (v) for the
product takes effect; and
‘‘(2) to products for which energy conservation standards
are established under subsections (w) through (ff) on the date
of enactment of those subsections, except that any State or
local standard prescribed or enacted before the date of enactment of those subsections shall not be preempted until the
energy conservation standards established under subsections
(w) through (ff) take effect.’’.
(d) GENERAL RULE OF PREEMPTION.—Section 327(c) of the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6297(c)) is
amended—
(1) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘or’’ at the end;
(2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end
and inserting ‘‘; or’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(7)(A) is a regulation concerning standards for commercial
prerinse spray valves adopted by the California Energy
Commission before January 1, 2005; or
‘‘(B) is an amendment to a regulation described in subparagraph (A) that was developed to align California regulations
with changes in American Society for Testing and Materials
Standard F2324;
‘‘(8)(A) is a regulation concerning standards for pedestrian
modules adopted by the California Energy Commission before
January 1, 2005; or
‘‘(B) is an amendment to a regulation described in subparagraph (A) that was developed to align California regulations
to changes in the Institute for Transportation Engineers standards, entitled ‘Performance Specification: Pedestrian Traffic
Control Signal Indications’.’’.
SEC. 136. ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS FOR COMMERCIAL
EQUIPMENT.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—Section 340 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6311) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1)—
(A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) through (G)
as subparagraphs (H) through (K), respectively; and
(B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
H. R. 6—42
‘‘(D) Very large commercial package air conditioning
and heating equipment.
‘‘(E) Commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers.
‘‘(F) Automatic commercial ice makers.
‘‘(G) Commercial clothes washers.’’;
(2) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ‘‘small and large
commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment’’
and inserting ‘‘commercial package air conditioning and heating
equipment, commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigeratorfreezers, automatic commercial ice makers, commercial clothes
washers’’;
(3) by striking paragraphs (8) and (9) and inserting the
following:
‘‘(8)(A) The term ‘commercial package air conditioning and
heating equipment’ means air-cooled, water-cooled, evaporatively-cooled, or water source (not including ground water
source) electrically operated, unitary central air conditioners
and central air conditioning heat pumps for commercial application.
‘‘(B) The term ‘small commercial package air conditioning
and heating equipment’ means commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment that is rated below 135,000
Btu per hour (cooling capacity).
‘‘(C) The term ‘large commercial package air conditioning
and heating equipment’ means commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment that is rated—
‘‘(i) at or above 135,000 Btu per hour; and
‘‘(ii) below 240,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity).
‘‘(D) The term ‘very large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment’ means commercial package air
conditioning and heating equipment that is rated—
‘‘(i) at or above 240,000 Btu per hour; and
‘‘(ii) below 760,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity).
‘‘(9)(A) The term ‘commercial refrigerator, freezer, and
refrigerator-freezer’ means refrigeration equipment that—
‘‘(i) is not a consumer product (as defined in section
321);
‘‘(ii) is not designed and marketed exclusively for medical, scientific, or research purposes;
‘‘(iii) operates at a chilled, frozen, combination chilled
and frozen, or variable temperature;
‘‘(iv) displays or stores merchandise and other perishable materials horizontally, semivertically, or vertically;
‘‘(v) has transparent or solid doors, sliding or hinged
doors, a combination of hinged, sliding, transparent, or
solid doors, or no doors;
‘‘(vi) is designed for pull-down temperature applications
or holding temperature applications; and
‘‘(vii) is connected to a self-contained condensing unit
or to a remote condensing unit.
‘‘(B) The term ‘holding temperature application’ means a
use of commercial refrigeration equipment other than a pulldown temperature application, except a blast chiller or freezer.
‘‘(C) The term ‘integrated average temperature’ means the
average temperature of all test package measurements taken
during the test.
H. R. 6—43
‘‘(D) The term ‘pull-down temperature application’ means
a commercial refrigerator with doors that, when fully loaded
with 12 ounce beverage cans at 90 degrees F, can cool those
beverages to an average stable temperature of 38 degrees F
in 12 hours or less.
‘‘(E) The term ‘remote condensing unit’ means a factorymade assembly of refrigerating components designed to compress and liquefy a specific refrigerant that is remotely located
from the refrigerated equipment and consists of one or more
refrigerant compressors, refrigerant condensers, condenser fans
and motors, and factory supplied accessories.
‘‘(F) The term ‘self-contained condensing unit’ means a
factory-made assembly of refrigerating components designed
to compress and liquefy a specific refrigerant that is an integral
part of the refrigerated equipment and consists of one or more
refrigerant compressors, refrigerant condensers, condenser fans
and motors, and factory supplied accessories.’’; and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(19) The term ‘automatic commercial ice maker’ means
a factory-made assembly (not necessarily shipped in one package) that—
‘‘(A) consists of a condensing unit and ice-making section operating as an integrated unit, with means for making
and harvesting ice; and
‘‘(B) may include means for storing ice, dispensing
ice, or storing and dispensing ice.
‘‘(20) The term ‘commercial clothes washer’ means a softmount front-loading or soft-mount top-loading clothes washer
that—
‘‘(A) has a clothes container compartment that—
‘‘(i) for horizontal-axis clothes washers, is not more
than 3.5 cubic feet; and
‘‘(ii) for vertical-axis clothes washers, is not more
than 4.0 cubic feet; and
‘‘(B) is designed for use in—
‘‘(i) applications in which the occupants of more
than one household will be using the clothes washer,
such as multi-family housing common areas and coin
laundries; or
‘‘(ii) other commercial applications.
‘‘(21) The term ‘harvest rate’ means the amount of ice
(at 32 degrees F) in pounds produced per 24 hours.’’.
(b) STANDARDS FOR COMMERCIAL PACKAGE AIR CONDITIONING
AND HEATING EQUIPMENT.—Section 342(a) of the Energy Policy
and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6313(a)) is amended—
(1) in the subsection heading, by striking ‘‘SMALL AND
LARGE’’ and inserting ‘‘SMALL, LARGE, AND VERY LARGE’’;
(2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘‘but before January 1,
2010,’’ after ‘‘January 1, 1994,’’;
(3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ‘‘but before January 1,
2010,’’ after ‘‘January 1, 1995,’’; and
(4) in paragraph (6)—
(A) in subparagraph (A)—
(i) by inserting ‘‘(i)’’ after ‘‘(A)’’;
(ii) by striking ‘‘the date of enactment of the
Energy Policy Act of 1992’’ and inserting ‘‘January
1, 2010’’;
H. R. 6—44
(iii) by inserting after ‘‘large commercial package
air conditioning and heating equipment,’’ the following:
‘‘and very large commercial package air conditioning
and heating equipment, or if ASHRAE/IES Standard
90.1, as in effect on October 24, 1992, is amended
with respect to any’’; and
(iv) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(ii) If ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1 is not amended with respect
to small commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment, large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment, and very large commercial package air conditioning and
heating equipment during the 5-year period beginning on the effective date of a standard, the Secretary may initiate a rulemaking
to determine whether a more stringent standard—
‘‘(I) would result in significant additional conservation of
energy; and
‘‘(II) is technologically feasible and economically justified.’’;
and
(B) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by inserting ‘‘and very
large commercial package air conditioning and heating
equipment’’ after ‘‘large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment’’; and
(5) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(7) Small commercial package air conditioning and heating
equipment manufactured on or after January 1, 2010, shall meet
the following standards:
‘‘(A) The minimum energy efficiency ratio of air-cooled central air conditioners at or above 65,000 Btu per hour (cooling
capacity) and less than 135,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity)
shall be—
‘‘(i) 11.2 for equipment with no heating or electric
resistance heating; and
‘‘(ii) 11.0 for equipment with all other heating system
types that are integrated into the equipment (at a standard
rating of 95 degrees F db).
‘‘(B) The minimum energy efficiency ratio of air-cooled central air conditioner heat pumps at or above 65,000 Btu per
hour (cooling capacity) and less than 135,000 Btu per hour
(cooling capacity) shall be—
‘‘(i) 11.0 for equipment with no heating or electric
resistance heating; and
‘‘(ii) 10.8 for equipment with all other heating system
types that are integrated into the equipment (at a standard
rating of 95 degrees F db).
‘‘(C) The minimum coefficient of performance in the heating
mode of air-cooled central air conditioning heat pumps at or
above 65,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity) and less than
135,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity) shall be 3.3 (at a
high temperature rating of 47 degrees F db).
‘‘(8) Large commercial package air conditioning and heating
equipment manufactured on or after January 1, 2010, shall meet
the following standards:
‘‘(A) The minimum energy efficiency ratio of air-cooled central air conditioners at or above 135,000 Btu per hour (cooling
capacity) and less than 240,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity)
shall be—
H. R. 6—45
‘‘(i) 11.0 for equipment with no heating or electric
resistance heating; and
‘‘(ii) 10.8 for equipment with all other heating system
types that are integrated into the equipment (at a standard
rating of 95 degrees F db).
‘‘(B) The minimum energy efficiency ratio of air-cooled central air conditioner heat pumps at or above 135,000 Btu per
hour (cooling capacity) and less than 240,000 Btu per hour
(cooling capacity) shall be—
‘‘(i) 10.6 for equipment with no heating or electric
resistance heating; and
‘‘(ii) 10.4 for equipment with all other heating system
types that are integrated into the equipment (at a standard
rating of 95 degrees F db).
‘‘(C) The minimum coefficient of performance in the heating
mode of air-cooled central air conditioning heat pumps at or
above 135,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity) and less than
240,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity) shall be 3.2 (at a
high temperature rating of 47 degrees F db).
‘‘(9) Very large commercial package air conditioning and heating
equipment manufactured on or after January 1, 2010, shall meet
the following standards:
‘‘(A) The minimum energy efficiency ratio of air-cooled central air conditioners at or above 240,000 Btu per hour (cooling
capacity) and less than 760,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity)
shall be—
‘‘(i) 10.0 for equipment with no heating or electric
resistance heating; and
‘‘(ii) 9.8 for equipment with all other heating system
types that are integrated into the equipment (at a standard
rating of 95 degrees F db).
‘‘(B) The minimum energy efficiency ratio of air-cooled central air conditioner heat pumps at or above 240,000 Btu per
hour (cooling capacity) and less than 760,000 Btu per hour
(cooling capacity) shall be—
‘‘(i) 9.5 for equipment with no heating or electric resistance heating; and
‘‘(ii) 9.3 for equipment with all other heating system
types that are integrated into the equipment (at a standard
rating of 95 degrees F db).
‘‘(C) The minimum coefficient of performance in the heating
mode of air-cooled central air conditioning heat pumps at or
above 240,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity) and less than
760,000 Btu per hour (cooling capacity) shall be 3.2 (at a
high temperature rating of 47 degrees F db).’’.
(c) STANDARDS FOR COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATORS, FREEZERS,
AND REFRIGERATOR-FREEZERS.—Section 342 of the Energy Policy
and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6313) is amended by adding at
the end the following:
‘‘(c) COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATORS, FREEZERS, AND REFRIGERATOR-FREEZERS.—(1) In this subsection:
‘‘(A) The term ‘AV’ means the adjusted volume (ft3) (defined
as 1.63 x frozen temperature compartment volume (ft3) + chilled
temperature compartment volume (ft3)) with compartment volumes measured in accordance with the Association of Home
Appliance Manufacturers Standard HRF1–1979.
H. R. 6—46
‘‘(B) The term ‘V’ means the chilled or frozen compartment
volume (ft3) (as defined in the Association of Home Appliance
Manufacturers Standard HRF1–1979).
‘‘(C) Other terms have such meanings as may be established
by the Secretary, based on industry-accepted definitions and
practice.
‘‘(2) Each commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigeratorfreezer with a self-contained condensing unit designed for holding
temperature applications manufactured on or after January 1, 2010,
shall have a daily energy consumption (in kilowatt hours per day)
that does not exceed the following:
Refrigerators with solid doors ..........................
Refrigerators with transparent doors ..............
Freezers with solid doors ..................................
Freezers with transparent doors ......................
Refrigerators/freezers with solid doors the
greater of.
0.10 V + 2.04
0.12 V + 3.34
0.40 V + 1.38
0.75 V + 4.10
0.27 AV – 0.71 or
0.70.
‘‘(3) Each commercial refrigerator with a self-contained condensing unit designed for pull-down temperature applications and
transparent doors manufactured on or after January 1, 2010, shall
have a daily energy consumption (in kilowatt hours per day) of
not more than 0.126 V + 3.51.
‘‘(4)(A) Not later than January 1, 2009, the Secretary shall
issue, by rule, standard levels for ice-cream freezers, self-contained
commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers without
doors, and remote condensing commercial refrigerators, freezers,
and refrigerator-freezers, with the standard levels effective for
equipment manufactured on or after January 1, 2012.
‘‘(B) The Secretary may issue, by rule, standard levels for
other types of commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigeratorfreezers not covered by paragraph (2)(A) with the standard levels
effective for equipment manufactured 3 or more years after the
date on which the final rule is published.
‘‘(5)(A) Not later than January 1, 2013, the Secretary shall
issue a final rule to determine whether the standards established
under this subsection should be amended.
‘‘(B) Not later than 3 years after the effective date of any
amended standards under subparagraph (A) or the publication of
a final rule determining that the standards should not be amended,
the Secretary shall issue a final rule to determine whether the
standards established under this subsection or the amended standards, as applicable, should be amended.
‘‘(C) If the Secretary issues a final rule under subparagraph
(A) or (B) establishing amended standards, the final rule shall
provide that the amended standards apply to products manufactured on or after the date that is—
‘‘(i) 3 years after the date on which the final amended
standard is published; or
‘‘(ii) if the Secretary determines, by rule, that 3 years
is inadequate, not later than 5 years after the date on which
the final rule is published.’’.
(d) STANDARDS FOR AUTOMATIC COMMERCIAL ICE MAKERS.—
Section 342 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C.
H. R. 6—47
6313) (as amended by subsection (c)) is amended by adding at
the end the following:
‘‘(d) AUTOMATIC COMMERCIAL ICE MAKERS.—(1) Each automatic
commercial ice maker that produces cube type ice with capacities
between 50 and 2500 pounds per 24-hour period when tested
according to the test standard established in section 343(a)(7) and
is manufactured on or after January 1, 2010, shall meet the following standard levels:
Equipment Type
Ice Making Head
Ice Making Head
Remote Condensing
(but not remote
compressor)
Remote Condensing
and Remote
Compressor
Self Contained
Self Contained
Type of
Cooling
Water
Air
Air
Air
Water
Air
Maximum
Energy Use
(kWh/100 lbs Ice)
Maximum
Condenser
Water Use
(gal/100 lbs Ice)
<500
7.80–0.0055H
200–0.022H
≥500 and <1436
5.58–0.0011H
200–0.022H
≥1436
4.0
200–0.022H
<450
10.26–0.0086H
Not Applicable
≥450
6.89–0.0011H
Not Applicable
<1000
8.85–0.0038H
Not Applicable
≥1000
5.10
Not Applicable
<934
8.85–0.0038H
Not Applicable
≥934
5.3
Not Applicable
<200
11.40–0.019H
191–0.0315H
≥200
7.60
191–0.0315H
<175
18.0–0.0469H
Not Applicable
≥175
9.80
Not Applicable
Harvest Rate
(lbs ice/24 hours)
H = Harvest rate in pounds per 24 hours.
Water use is for the condenser only and does not include potable water used to make ice.
‘‘(2)(A) The Secretary may issue, by rule, standard levels for
types of automatic commercial ice makers that are not covered
by paragraph (1).
‘‘(B) The standards established under subparagraph (A) shall
apply to products manufactured on or after the date that is—
‘‘(i) 3 years after the date on which the rule is published
under subparagraph (A); or
H. R. 6—48
‘‘(ii) if the Secretary determines, by rule, that 3 years
is inadequate, not later than 5 years after the date on which
the final rule is published.
‘‘(3)(A) Not later than January 1, 2015, with respect to the
standards established under paragraph (1), and, with respect to
the standards established under paragraph (2), not later than 5
years after the date on which the standards take effect, the Secretary shall issue a final rule to determine whether amending
the applicable standards is technologically feasible and economically
justified.
‘‘(B) Not later than 5 years after the effective date of any
amended standards under subparagraph (A) or the publication of
a final rule determining that amending the standards is not technologically feasible or economically justified, the Secretary shall issue
a final rule to determine whether amending the standards established under paragraph (1) or the amended standards, as applicable,
is technologically feasible or economically justified.
‘‘(C) If the Secretary issues a final rule under subparagraph
(A) or (B) establishing amended standards, the final rule shall
provide that the amended standards apply to products manufactured on or after the date that is—
‘‘(i) 3 years after the date on which the final amended
standard is published; or
‘‘(ii) if the Secretary determines, by rule, that 3 years
is inadequate, not later than 5 years after the date on which
the final amended standard is published.
‘‘(4) A final rule issued under paragraph (2) or (3) shall establish
standards at the maximum level that is technically feasible and
economically justified, as provided in subsections (o) and (p) of
section 325.’’.
(e) STANDARDS FOR COMMERCIAL CLOTHES WASHERS.—Section
342 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6313)
(as amended by subsection (d)) is amended by adding at the end
the following:
‘‘(e) COMMERCIAL CLOTHES WASHERS.—(1) Each commercial
clothes washer manufactured on or after January 1, 2007, shall
have—
‘‘(A) a Modified Energy Factor of at least 1.26; and
‘‘(B) a Water Factor of not more than 9.5.
‘‘(2)(A)(i) Not later than January 1, 2010, the Secretary shall
publish a final rule to determine whether the standards established
under paragraph (1) should be amended.
‘‘(ii) The rule published under clause (i) shall provide that
any amended standard shall apply to products manufactured 3
years after the date on which the final amended standard is published.
‘‘(B)(i) Not later than January 1, 2015, the Secretary shall
publish a final rule to determine whether the standards established
under paragraph (1) should be amended.
‘‘(ii) The rule published under clause (i) shall provide that
any amended standard shall apply to products manufactured 3
years after the date on which the final amended standard is published.’’.
(f) TEST PROCEDURES.—Section 343 of the Energy Policy and
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6314) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (4)—
H. R. 6—49
(i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ‘‘very large
commercial package air conditioning and heating
equipment,’’ after ‘‘large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment,’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ‘‘very large
commercial package air conditioning and heating
equipment,’’ after ‘‘large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment,’’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(6)(A)(i) In the case of commercial refrigerators, freezers, and
refrigerator-freezers, the test procedures shall be—
‘‘(I) the test procedures determined by the Secretary to
be generally accepted industry testing procedures; or
‘‘(II) rating procedures developed or recognized by the
ASHRAE or by the American National Standards Institute.
‘‘(ii) In the case of self-contained refrigerators, freezers, and
refrigerator-freezers to which standards are applicable under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 342(c), the initial test procedures
shall be the ASHRAE 117 test procedure that is in effect on January
1, 2005.
‘‘(B)(i) In the case of commercial refrigerators, freezers, and
refrigerator-freezers with doors covered by the standards adopted
in February 2002, by the California Energy Commission, the rating
temperatures shall be the integrated average temperature of 38
degrees F ( ± 2 degrees F) for refrigerator compartments and 0
degrees F ( ± 2 degrees F) for freezer compartments.
‘‘(C) The Secretary shall issue a rule in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3) to establish the appropriate rating temperatures
for the other products for which standards will be established
under section 342(c)(4).
‘‘(D) In establishing the appropriate test temperatures under
this subparagraph, the Secretary shall follow the procedures and
meet the requirements under section 323(e).
‘‘(E)(i) Not later than 180 days after the publication of the
new ASHRAE 117 test procedure, if the ASHRAE 117 test procedure
for commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is
amended, the Secretary shall, by rule, amend the test procedure
for the product as necessary to ensure that the test procedure
is consistent with the amended ASHRAE 117 test procedure, unless
the Secretary makes a determination, by rule, and supported by
clear and convincing evidence, that to do so would not meet the
requirements for test procedures under paragraphs (2) and (3).
‘‘(ii) If the Secretary determines that 180 days is an insufficient
period during which to review and adopt the amended test procedure or rating procedure under clause (i), the Secretary shall publish
a notice in the Federal Register stating the intent of the Secretary
to wait not longer than 1 additional year before putting into effect
an amended test procedure or rating procedure.
‘‘(F)(i) If a test procedure other than the ASHRAE 117 test
procedure is approved by the American National Standards
Institute, the Secretary shall, by rule—
‘‘(I) review the relative strengths and weaknesses of the
new test procedure relative to the ASHRAE 117 test procedure;
and
‘‘(II) based on that review, adopt one new test procedure
for use in the standards program.
‘‘(ii) If a new test procedure is adopted under clause (i)—
H. R. 6—50
‘‘(I) section 323(e) shall apply; and
‘‘(II) subparagraph (B) shall apply to the adopted test procedure.
‘‘(7)(A) In the case of automatic commercial ice makers, the
test procedures shall be the test procedures specified in Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute Standard 810–2003, as in effect
on January 1, 2005.
‘‘(B)(i) If Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute Standard
810–2003 is amended, the Secretary shall amend the test procedures established in subparagraph (A) as necessary to be consistent
with the amended Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute
Standard, unless the Secretary determines, by rule, published in
the Federal Register and supported by clear and convincing evidence, that to do so would not meet the requirements for test
procedures under paragraphs (2) and (3).
‘‘(ii) If the Secretary issues a rule under clause (i) containing
a determination described in clause (ii), the rule may establish
an amended test procedure for the product that meets the requirements of paragraphs (2) and (3).
‘‘(C) The Secretary shall comply with section 323(e) in establishing any amended test procedure under this paragraph.
‘‘(8) With respect to commercial clothes washers, the test procedures shall be the same as the test procedures established by
the Secretary for residential clothes washers under section 325(g).’’;
and
(2) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting ‘‘very large commercial
package air conditioning and heating equipment, commercial
refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers, automatic
commercial ice makers, commercial clothes washers,’’ after
‘‘large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment,’’.
(g) LABELING.—Section 344(e) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6315(e)) is amended by inserting ‘‘very
large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment,
commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers, automatic commercial ice makers, commercial clothes washers,’’ after
‘‘large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment,’’
each place it appears.
(h) ADMINISTRATION, PENALTIES, ENFORCEMENT, AND PREEMPTION.—Section 345 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42
U.S.C. 6316) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (7), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end;
(B) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the
end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(9) in the case of commercial clothes washers, section
327(b)(1) shall be applied as if the National Appliance Energy
Conservation Act of 1987 was the Energy Policy Act of 2005.’’;
(2) in the first sentence of subsection (b)(1), by striking
‘‘part B’’ and inserting ‘‘part A’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(d)(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), section
327 shall apply with respect to very large commercial package
air conditioning and heating equipment to the same extent and
in the same manner as section 327 applies under part A on the
date of enactment of this subsection.
H. R. 6—51
‘‘(2) Any State or local standard issued before the date of
enactment of this subsection shall not be preempted until the standards established under section 342(a)(9) take effect on January
1, 2010.
‘‘(e)(1)(A) Subsections (a), (b), and (d) of section 326, subsections
(m) through (s) of section 325, and sections 328 through 336 shall
apply with respect to commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers to the same extent and in the same manner as
those provisions apply under part A.
‘‘(B) In applying those provisions to commercial refrigerators,
freezers, and refrigerator-freezers, paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4)
of subsection (a) shall apply.
‘‘(2)(A) Section 327 shall apply to commercial refrigerators,
freezers, and refrigerator-freezers for which standards are established under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 342(c) to the same
extent and in the same manner as those provisions apply under
part A on the date of enactment of this subsection, except that
any State or local standard issued before the date of enactment
of this subsection shall not be preempted until the standards established under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 342(c) take effect.
‘‘(B) In applying section 327 in accordance with subparagraph
(A), paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) shall apply.
‘‘(3)(A) Section 327 shall apply to commercial refrigerators,
freezers, and refrigerator-freezers for which standards are established under section 342(c)(4) to the same extent and in the same
manner as the provisions apply under part A on the date of publication of the final rule by the Secretary, except that any State or
local standard issued before the date of publication of the final
rule by the Secretary shall not be preempted until the standards
take effect.
‘‘(B) In applying section 327 in accordance with subparagraph
(A), paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) shall apply.
‘‘(4)(A) If the Secretary does not issue a final rule for a specific
type of commercial refrigerator, freezer, or refrigerator-freezer
within the time frame specified in section 342(c)(5), subsections
(b) and (c) of section 327 shall not apply to that specific type
of refrigerator, freezer, or refrigerator-freezer for the period beginning on the date that is 2 years after the scheduled date for
a final rule and ending on the date on which the Secretary publishes
a final rule covering the specific type of refrigerator, freezer, or
refrigerator-freezer.
‘‘(B) Any State or local standard issued before the date of
publication of the final rule shall not be preempted until the final
rule takes effect.
‘‘(5)(A) In the case of any commercial refrigerator, freezer, or
refrigerator-freezer to which standards are applicable under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 342(c), the Secretary shall require
manufacturers to certify, through an independent, nationally recognized testing or certification program, that the commercial refrigerator, freezer, or refrigerator-freezer meets the applicable standard.
‘‘(B) The Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable,
encourage the establishment of at least 2 independent testing and
certification programs.
‘‘(C) As part of certification, information on equipment energy
use and interior volume shall be made available to the Secretary.
‘‘(f)(1)(A)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), section 327 shall
apply to automatic commercial ice makers for which standards
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have been established under section 342(d)(1) to the same extent
and in the same manner as the section applies under part A
on the date of enactment of this subsection.
‘‘(ii) Any State standard issued before the date of enactment
of this subsection shall not be preempted until the standards established under section 342(d)(1) take effect.
‘‘(B) In applying section 327 to the equipment under subparagraph (A), paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) shall apply.
‘‘(2)(A)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), section 327 shall
apply to automatic commercial ice makers for which standards
have been established under section 342(d)(2) to the same extent
and in the same manner as the section applies under part A
on the date of publication of the final rule by the Secretary.
‘‘(ii) Any State standard issued before the date of publication
of the final rule by the Secretary shall not be preempted until
the standards established under section 342(d)(2) take effect.
‘‘(B) In applying section 327 in accordance with subparagraph
(A), paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) shall apply.
‘‘(3)(A) If the Secretary does not issue a final rule for a specific
type of automatic commercial ice maker within the time frame
specified in section 342(d), subsections (b) and (c) of section 327
shall no longer apply to the specific type of automatic commercial
ice maker for the period beginning on the day after the scheduled
date for a final rule and ending on the date on which the Secretary
publishes a final rule covering the specific type of automatic
commercial ice maker.
‘‘(B) Any State standard issued before the publication of the
final rule shall not be preempted until the standards established
in the final rule take effect.
‘‘(4)(A) The Secretary shall monitor whether manufacturers are
reducing harvest rates below tested values for the purpose of
bringing non-complying equipment into compliance.
‘‘(B) If the Secretary finds that there has been a substantial
amount of manipulation with respect to harvest rates under
subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall take steps to minimize the
manipulation, such as requiring harvest rates to be within 5 percent
of tested values.
‘‘(g)(1)(A) If the Secretary does not issue a final rule for commercial clothes washers within the timeframe specified in section
342(e)(2), subsections (b) and (c) of section 327 shall not apply
to commercial clothes washers for the period beginning on the
day after the scheduled date for a final rule and ending on the
date on which the Secretary publishes a final rule covering commercial clothes washers.
‘‘(B) Any State or local standard issued before the date on
which the Secretary publishes a final rule shall not be preempted
until the standards established under section 342(e)(2) take effect.
‘‘(2) The Secretary shall undertake an educational program
to inform owners of laundromats, multifamily housing, and other
sites where commercial clothes washers are located about the new
standard, including impacts on washer purchase costs and options
for recovering those costs through coin collection.’’.
SEC. 137. ENERGY LABELING.
(a) RULEMAKING ON EFFECTIVENESS OF CONSUMER PRODUCT
LABELING.—Section 324(a)(2) of the Energy Policy and Conservation
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Act (42 U.S.C. 6294(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the
following:
‘‘(F)(i) Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment
of this subparagraph, the Commission shall initiate a rulemaking
to consider—
‘‘(I) the effectiveness of the consumer products labeling
program in assisting consumers in making purchasing decisions
and improving energy efficiency; and
‘‘(II) changes to the labeling rules (including categorical
labeling) that would improve the effectiveness of consumer
product labels.
‘‘(ii) Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of
this subparagraph, the Commission shall complete the rulemaking
initiated under clause (i).
‘‘(G)(i) Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment
of this subparagraph, the Commission shall issue by rule, in accordance with this section, labeling requirements for the electricity
used by ceiling fans to circulate air in a room.
‘‘(ii) The rule issued under clause (i) shall apply to products
manufactured after the later of—
‘‘(I) January 1, 2009; or
‘‘(II) the date that is 60 days after the final rule is issued.’’.
(b) RULEMAKING ON LABELING FOR ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS.—
Section 324(a) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C.
6294(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(5)(A) For covered products described in subsections (u)
through (ff) of section 325, after a test procedure has been prescribed
under section 323, the Secretary or the Commission, as appropriate,
may prescribe, by rule, under this section labeling requirements
for the products.
‘‘(B) In the case of products to which TP–1 standards under
section 325(y) apply, labeling requirements shall be based on the
‘Standard for the Labeling of Distribution Transformer Efficiency’
prescribed by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association
(NEMA TP–3) as in effect on the date of enactment of this paragraph.
‘‘(C) In the case of dehumidifiers covered under section 325(dd),
the Commission shall not require an ‘Energy Guide’ label.’’.
SEC. 138. INTERMITTENT ESCALATOR STUDY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator of General Services shall
conduct a study on the advantages and disadvantages of employing
intermittent escalators in the United States.
(b) CONTENTS.—Such study shall include an analysis of—
(1) the energy end-cost savings derived from the use of
intermittent escalators;
(2) the cost savings derived from reduced maintenance
requirements; and
(3) such other issues as the Administrator considers appropriate.
(c) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 1 year after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall transmit
to Congress a report on the results of the study.
(d) DEFINITION.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘‘intermittent escalator’’ means an escalator that remains in a stationary
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position until it automatically operates at the approach of a passenger, returning to a stationary position after the passenger completes passage.
SEC. 139. ENERGY EFFICIENT ELECTRIC AND NATURAL GAS UTILITIES
STUDY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the National
Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners and the National
Association of State Energy Officials, shall conduct a study of State
and regional policies that promote cost-effective programs to reduce
energy consumption (including energy efficiency programs) that
are carried out by—
(1) utilities that are subject to State regulation; and
(2) nonregulated utilities.
(b) CONSIDERATION.—In conducting the study under subsection
(a), the Secretary shall take into consideration—
(1) performance standards for achieving energy use and
demand reduction targets;
(2) funding sources, including rate surcharges;
(3) infrastructure planning approaches (including energy
efficiency programs) and infrastructure improvements;
(4) the costs and benefits of consumer education programs
conducted by State and local governments and local utilities
to increase consumer awareness of energy efficiency technologies and measures; and
(5) methods of—
(A) removing disincentives for utilities to implement
energy efficiency programs;
(B) encouraging utilities to undertake voluntary energy
efficiency programs; and
(C) ensuring appropriate returns on energy efficiency
programs.
(c) REPORT.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that
includes—
(1) the findings of the study; and
(2) any recommendations of the Secretary, including recommendations on model policies to promote energy efficiency
programs.
SEC. 140. ENERGY EFFICIENCY PILOT PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish a pilot program
under which the Secretary provides financial assistance to at least
3, but not more than 7, States to carry out pilot projects in the
States for—
(1) planning and adopting statewide programs that encourage, for each year in which the pilot project is carried out—
(A) energy efficiency; and
(B) reduction of consumption of electricity or natural
gas in the State by at least 0.75 percent, as compared
to a baseline determined by the Secretary for the period
preceding the implementation of the program; or
(2) for any State that has adopted a statewide program
as of the date of enactment of this Act, activities that reduce
energy consumption in the State by expanding and improving
the program.
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(b) VERIFICATION.—A State that receives financial assistance
under subsection (a)(1) shall submit to the Secretary independent
verification of any energy savings achieved through the statewide
program.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2010, to remain available until
expended.
SEC. 141. REPORT ON FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH DEADLINES FOR
NEW OR REVISED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS.
(a) INITIAL REPORT.—The Secretary shall submit a report to
Congress regarding each new or revised energy conservation or
water use standard which the Secretary has failed to issue in
conformance with the deadlines established in the Energy Policy
and Conservation Act. Such report shall state the reasons why
the Secretary has failed to comply with the deadline for issuances
of the new or revised standard and set forth the Secretary’s plan
for expeditiously prescribing such new or revised standard. The
Secretary’s initial report shall be submitted not later than 6 months
following enactment of this Act and subsequent reports shall be
submitted whenever the Secretary determines that additional deadlines for issuance of new or revised standards have been missed.
(b) IMPLEMENTATION REPORT.—Every 6 months following the
submission of a report under subsection (a) until the adoption
of a new or revised standard described in such report, the Secretary
shall submit to the Congress an implementation report describing
the Secretary’s progress in implementing the Secretary’s plan or
the issuance of the new or revised standard.
Subtitle D—Public Housing
SEC. 151. PUBLIC HOUSING CAPITAL FUND.
Section 9 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C.
1437g) is amended—
(1) in subsection (d)(1)—
(A) in subparagraph (I), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end;
(B) in subparagraph (J), by striking the period at the
end and inserting a semicolon; and
(C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
‘‘(K) improvement of energy and water-use efficiency
by installing fixtures and fittings that conform to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers/American National
Standards Institute standards A112.19.2–1998 and
A112.18.1–2000, or any revision thereto, applicable at the
time of installation, and by increasing energy efficiency
and water conservation by such other means as the Secretary determines are appropriate; and
‘‘(L) integrated utility management and capital planning to maximize energy conservation and efficiency measures.’’; and
(2) in subsection (e)(2)(C)—
(A) by striking ‘‘The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—The’’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
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‘‘(ii) THIRD PARTY CONTRACTS.—Contracts described
in clause (i) may include contracts for equipment
conversions to less costly utility sources, projects with
resident-paid utilities, and adjustments to frozen base
year consumption, including systems repaired to meet
applicable building and safety codes and adjustments
for occupancy rates increased by rehabilitation.
‘‘(iii) TERM OF CONTRACT.—The total term of a
contract described in clause (i) shall not exceed 20
years to allow longer payback periods for retrofits,
including windows, heating system replacements, wall
insulation, site-based generation, advanced energy
savings technologies, including renewable energy
generation, and other such retrofits.’’.
SEC. 152. ENERGY-EFFICIENT APPLIANCES.
In purchasing appliances, a public housing agency shall purchase energy-efficient appliances that are Energy Star products
or FEMP-designated products, as such terms are defined in section
553 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, unless the
purchase of energy-efficient appliances is not cost-effective to the
agency.
SEC. 153. ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS.
Section 109 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable
Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12709) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by striking ‘‘1 year after the date of the enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 1992’’ and inserting
‘‘September 30, 2006’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the
end;
(iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period
at the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(iv) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(C) rehabilitation and new construction of public and
assisted housing funded by HOPE VI revitalization grants
under section 24 of the United States Housing Act of 1937
(42 U.S.C. 1437v), where such standards are determined
to be cost effective by the Secretary of Housing and Urban
Development.’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ‘‘, and, with respect
to rehabilitation and new construction of public and
assisted housing funded by HOPE VI revitalization grants
under section 24 of the United States Housing Act of 1937
(42 U.S.C. 1437v), the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code’’ after ‘‘90.1–1989’)’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) by striking ‘‘within 1 year after the date of the
enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 1992’’ and inserting
‘‘by September 30, 2006’’; and
(B) by inserting ‘‘, and, with respect to rehabilitation
and new construction of public and assisted housing funded
by HOPE VI revitalization grants under section 24 of the
United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437v), the
2003 International Energy Conservation Code’’ before the
period at the end; and
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(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) in the heading, by inserting ‘‘AND THE INTERNATIONAL ENERGY CONSERVATION CODE’’ after ‘‘MODEL
ENERGY CODE’’; and
(B) by inserting ‘‘, or, with respect to rehabilitation
and new construction of public and assisted housing funded
by HOPE VI revitalization grants under section 24 of the
United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437v), the
2003 International Energy Conservation Code’’ after
‘‘1989’’.
SEC. 154. ENERGY STRATEGY FOR HUD.
The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall develop
and implement an integrated strategy to reduce utility expenses
through cost-effective energy conservation and efficiency measures
and energy efficient design and construction of public and assisted
housing. The energy strategy shall include the development of
energy reduction goals and incentives for public housing agencies.
The Secretary shall submit a report to Congress, not later than
1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, on the energy
strategy and the actions taken by the Department of Housing
and Urban Development to monitor the energy usage of public
housing agencies and shall submit an update every 2 years thereafter on progress in implementing the strategy.
TITLE II—RENEWABLE ENERGY
Subtitle A—General Provisions
SEC. 201. ASSESSMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES.
(a) RESOURCE ASSESSMENT.—Not later than 6 months after
the date of enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter, the
Secretary shall review the available assessments of renewable
energy resources within the United States, including solar, wind,
biomass, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal, and hydroelectric energy resources, and undertake new
assessments as necessary, taking into account changes in market
conditions, available technologies, and other relevant factors.
(b) CONTENTS OF REPORTS.—Not later than 1 year after the
date of enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall publish a report based on the assessment under subsection (a). The report shall contain—
(1) a detailed inventory describing the available amount
and characteristics of the renewable energy resources; and
(2) such other information as the Secretary believes would
be useful in developing such renewable energy resources,
including descriptions of surrounding terrain, population and
load centers, nearby energy infrastructure, location of energy
and water resources, and available estimates of the costs needed
to develop each resource, together with an identification of
any barriers to providing adequate transmission for remote
sources of renewable energy resources to current and emerging
markets, recommendations for removing or addressing such
barriers, and ways to provide access to the grid that do not
unfairly disadvantage renewable or other energy producers.
H. R. 6—58
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—For the purposes of
this section, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 202. RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVE.
(a) INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.—Section 1212(a) of the Energy Policy
Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317(a)) is amended—
(1) by striking the last sentence;
(2) by designating the first, second, and third sentences
as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively;
(3) in paragraph (3) (as so designated), by striking ‘‘and
which satisfies’’ and all that follows through ‘‘deems necessary’’;
and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), if there are insufficient
appropriations to make full payments for electric production from
all qualified renewable energy facilities for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall assign—
‘‘(i) 60 percent of appropriated funds for the fiscal year
to facilities that use solar, wind, ocean (including tidal, wave,
current, and thermal), geothermal, or closed-loop (dedicated
energy crops) biomass technologies to generate electricity; and
‘‘(ii) 40 percent of appropriated funds for the fiscal year
to other projects.
‘‘(B) After submitting to Congress an explanation of the reasons
for the alteration, the Secretary may alter the percentage requirements of subparagraph (A).’’.
(b) QUALIFIED RENEWABLE ENERGY FACILITY.—Section 1212(b)
of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317(b)) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘a State or any political’’ and all that follows
through ‘‘nonprofit electrical cooperative’’ and inserting ‘‘a notfor-profit electric cooperative, a public utility described in section 115 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, a State,
Commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States,
or the District of Columbia, or a political subdivision thereof,
an Indian tribal government or subdivision thereof, or a Native
Corporation (as defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims
Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)),’’; and
(2) by inserting ‘‘landfill gas, livestock methane, ocean
(including tidal, wave, current, and thermal),’’ after ‘‘wind, biomass,’’.
(c) ELIGIBILITY WINDOW.—Section 1212(c) of the Energy Policy
Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317(c)) is amended by striking ‘‘during
the 10-fiscal year period beginning with the first full fiscal year
occurring after the enactment of this section’’ and inserting ‘‘before
October 1, 2016’’.
(d) PAYMENT PERIOD.—Section 1212(d) of the Energy Policy
Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317(d)) is amended in the second sentence
by inserting ‘‘, or in which the Secretary determines that all necessary Federal and State authorizations have been obtained to
begin construction of the facility’’ after ‘‘eligible for such payments’’.
(e) AMOUNT OF PAYMENT.—Section 1212(e)(1) of the Energy
Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317(e)(1)) is amended in the first
sentence by inserting ‘‘landfill gas, livestock methane, ocean
(including tidal, wave, current, and thermal),’’ after ‘‘wind, biomass,’’.
H. R. 6—59
(f) TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY.—Section 1212(f) of the Energy
Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317(f)) is amended by striking
‘‘the expiration of’’ and all that follows through ‘‘of this section’’
and inserting ‘‘September 30, 2026’’.
(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 1212 of the
Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317) is amended by striking
subsection (g) and inserting the following:
‘‘(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2026, to remain available until expended.’’.
SEC. 203. FEDERAL PURCHASE REQUIREMENT.
(a) REQUIREMENT.—The President, acting through the Secretary, shall seek to ensure that, to the extent economically feasible
and technically practicable, of the total amount of electric energy
the Federal Government consumes during any fiscal year, the following amounts shall be renewable energy:
(1) Not less than 3 percent in fiscal years 2007 through
2009.
(2) Not less than 5 percent in fiscal years 2010 through
2012.
(3) Not less than 7.5 percent in fiscal year 2013 and each
fiscal year thereafter.
(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) BIOMASS.—The term ‘‘biomass’’ means any lignin waste
material that is segregated from other waste materials and
is determined to be nonhazardous by the Administrator of
the Environmental Protection Agency and any solid, nonhazardous, cellulosic material that is derived from—
(A) any of the following forest-related resources: mill
residues, precommercial thinnings, slash, and brush, or
nonmerchantable material;
(B) solid wood waste materials, including waste pallets,
crates, dunnage, manufacturing and construction wood
wastes (other than pressure-treated, chemically-treated, or
painted wood wastes), and landscape or right-of-way tree
trimmings, but not including municipal solid waste (garbage), gas derived from the biodegradation of solid waste,
or paper that is commonly recycled;
(C) agriculture wastes, including orchard tree crops,
vineyard, grain, legumes, sugar, and other crop by-products
or residues, and livestock waste nutrients; or
(D) a plant that is grown exclusively as a fuel for
the production of electricity.
(2) RENEWABLE ENERGY.—The term ‘‘renewable energy’’
means electric energy generated from solar, wind, biomass,
landfill gas, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal),
geothermal, municipal solid waste, or new hydroelectric generation capacity achieved from increased efficiency or additions
of new capacity at an existing hydroelectric project.
(c) CALCULATION.—For purposes of determining compliance
with the requirement of this section, the amount of renewable
energy shall be doubled if—
(1) the renewable energy is produced and used on-site
at a Federal facility;
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(2) the renewable energy is produced on Federal lands
and used at a Federal facility; or
(3) the renewable energy is produced on Indian land as
defined in title XXVI of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (25
U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) and used at a Federal facility.
(d) REPORT.—Not later than April 15, 2007, and every 2 years
thereafter, the Secretary shall provide a report to Congress on
the progress of the Federal Government in meeting the goals established by this section.
SEC. 204. USE OF PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Subchapter VI of chapter 31 of title 40,
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘§ 3177. Use of photovoltaic energy in public buildings
‘‘(a) PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY COMMERCIALIZATION PROGRAM.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator of General Services
may establish a photovoltaic energy commercialization program
for the procurement and installation of photovoltaic solar electric systems for electric production in new and existing public
buildings.
‘‘(2) PURPOSES.—The purposes of the program shall be to
accomplish the following:
‘‘(A) To accelerate the growth of a commercially viable
photovoltaic industry to make this energy system available
to the general public as an option which can reduce the
national consumption of fossil fuel.
‘‘(B) To reduce the fossil fuel consumption and costs
of the Federal Government.
‘‘(C) To attain the goal of installing solar energy systems in 20,000 Federal buildings by 2010, as contained
in the Federal Government’s Million Solar Roof Initiative
of 1997.
‘‘(D) To stimulate the general use within the Federal
Government of life-cycle costing and innovative procurement methods.
‘‘(E) To develop program performance data to support
policy decisions on future incentive programs with respect
to energy.
‘‘(3) ACQUISITION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ELECTRIC SYSTEMS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The program shall provide for the
acquisition of photovoltaic solar electric systems and associated storage capability for use in public buildings.
‘‘(B) ACQUISITION LEVELS.—The acquisition of photovoltaic electric systems shall be at a level substantial
enough to allow use of low-cost production techniques with
at least 150 megawatts (peak) cumulative acquired during
the 5 years of the program.
‘‘(4) ADMINISTRATION.—The Administrator shall administer
the program and shall—
‘‘(A) issue such rules and regulations as may be appropriate to monitor and assess the performance and operation
of photovoltaic solar electric systems installed pursuant
to this subsection;
‘‘(B) develop innovative procurement strategies for the
acquisition of such systems; and
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‘‘(C) transmit to Congress an annual report on the
results of the program.
‘‘(b) PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS EVALUATION PROGRAM.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 60 days after the date
of enactment of this section, the Administrator shall establish
a photovoltaic solar energy systems evaluation program to
evaluate such photovoltaic solar energy systems as are required
in public buildings.
‘‘(2) PROGRAM REQUIREMENT.—In evaluating photovoltaic
solar energy systems under the program, the Administrator
shall ensure that such systems reflect the most advanced technology.
‘‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
‘‘(1) PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY COMMERCIALIZATION PROGRAM.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out
subsection (a) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through
2010. Such sums shall remain available until expended.
‘‘(2) PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS EVALUATION PROGRAM.—There
are authorized to be appropriated to carry out subsection (b)
$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010. Such
sums shall remain available until expended.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for the
National Energy Conservation Policy Act is amended by inserting
after the item relating to section 569 the following:
‘‘Sec. 570. Use of photovoltaic energy in public buildings.’’.
SEC. 205. BIOBASED PRODUCTS.
Section 9002(c)(1) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment
Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8102(c)(1)) is amended by inserting ‘‘or such
items that comply with the regulations issued under section 103
of Public Law 100–556 (42 U.S.C. 6914b–1)’’ after ‘‘practicable’’.
SEC. 206. RENEWABLE ENERGY SECURITY.
(a) WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE.—Section 415(c) of the Energy
Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6865(c)) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘in paragraph (3)’’ and
inserting ‘‘in paragraphs (3) and (4)’’;
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘$2,500 per dwelling unit
average provided in paragraph (1)’’ and inserting ‘‘dwelling
unit averages provided in paragraphs (1) and (4)’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
‘‘(4) The expenditure of financial assistance provided under
this part for labor, weatherization materials, and related matters
for a renewable energy system shall not exceed an average of
$3,000 per dwelling unit.
‘‘(5)(A) The Secretary shall by regulations—
‘‘(i) establish the criteria which are to be used in prescribing
performance and quality standards under paragraph (6)(A)(ii)
or in specifying any form of renewable energy under paragraph
(6)(A)(i)(I); and
‘‘(ii) establish a procedure under which a manufacturer
of an item may request the Secretary to certify that the item
will be treated, for purposes of this paragraph, as a renewable
energy system.
‘‘(B) The Secretary shall make a final determination with
respect to any request filed under subparagraph (A)(ii) within 1
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year after the filing of the request, together with any information
required to be filed with such request under subparagraph (A)(ii).
‘‘(C) Each month the Secretary shall publish a report of any
request under subparagraph (A)(ii) which has been denied during
the preceding month and the reasons for the denial.
‘‘(D) The Secretary shall not specify any form of renewable
energy under paragraph (6)(A)(i)(I) unless the Secretary determines
that—
‘‘(i) there will be a reduction in oil or natural gas consumption as a result of such specification;
‘‘(ii) such specification will not result in an increased use
of any item which is known to be, or reasonably suspected
to be, environmentally hazardous or a threat to public health
or safety; and
‘‘(iii) available Federal subsidies do not make such specification unnecessary or inappropriate (in the light of the most
advantageous allocation of economic resources).
‘‘(6) In this subsection—
‘‘(A) the term ‘renewable energy system’ means a system
which—
‘‘(i) when installed in connection with a dwelling, transmits or uses—
‘‘(I) solar energy, energy derived from the geothermal deposits, energy derived from biomass, or any
other form of renewable energy which the Secretary
specifies by regulations, for the purpose of heating
or cooling such dwelling or providing hot water or
electricity for use within such dwelling; or
‘‘(II) wind energy for nonbusiness residential purposes;
‘‘(ii) meets the performance and quality standards (if
any) which have been prescribed by the Secretary by regulations;
‘‘(iii) in the case of a combustion rated system, has
a thermal efficiency rating of at least 75 percent; and
‘‘(iv) in the case of a solar system, has a thermal
efficiency rating of at least 15 percent; and
‘‘(B) the term ‘biomass’ means any organic matter that
is available on a renewable or recurring basis, including agricultural crops and trees, wood and wood wastes and residues,
plants (including aquatic plants), grasses, residues, fibers, and
animal wastes, municipal wastes, and other waste materials.’’.
(b) DISTRICT HEATING AND COOLING PROGRAMS.—Section 172
of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13451 note) is
amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end of paragraph (3);
(B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph
(4) and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
‘‘(5) evaluate the use of renewable energy systems (as such
term is defined in section 415(c) of the Energy Conservation
and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6865(c))) in residential
buildings.’’; and
(2) in subsection (b), by striking ‘‘this Act’’ and inserting
‘‘the Energy Policy Act of 2005’’.
(c) REBATE PROGRAM.—
H. R. 6—63
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish a program providing rebates for consumers for expenditures made
for the installation of a renewable energy system in connection
with a dwelling unit or small business.
(2) AMOUNT OF REBATE.—Rebates provided under the program established under paragraph (1) shall be in an amount
not to exceed the lesser of—
(A) 25 percent of the expenditures described in paragraph (1) made by the consumer; or
(B) $3,000.
(3) DEFINITION.—For purposes of this subsection, the term
‘‘renewable energy system’’ has the meaning given that term
in section 415(c)(6)(A) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6865(c)(6)(A)), as added by subsection (a)(3)
of this section.
(4) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this
subsection, to remain available until expended—
(A) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(B) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(C) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(D) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2009; and
(E) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2010.
(d) RENEWABLE FUEL INVENTORY.—Not later than 180 days
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit
to Congress a report containing—
(1) an inventory of renewable fuels available for consumers;
and
(2) a projection of future inventories of renewable fuels
based on the incentives provided in this section.
SEC. 207. INSTALLATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM.
There is authorized to be appropriated to the General Services
Administration to install a photovoltaic system, as set forth in
the Sun Wall Design Project, for the headquarters building of
the Department of Energy located at 1000 Independence Avenue
Southwest in the District of Columbia, commonly know as the
Forrestal Building, $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2006. Such sums
shall remain available until expended.
SEC. 208. SUGAR CANE ETHANOL PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITION OF PROGRAM.—In this section, the term ‘‘program’’ means the Sugar Cane Ethanol Program established by
subsection (b).
(b) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is established within the Environmental Protection Agency a program to be known as the ‘‘Sugar
Cane Ethanol Program’’.
(c) PROJECT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to the availability of appropriations under subsection (d), in carrying out the program, the
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall
establish a project that is—
(A) carried out in multiple States—
(i) in each of which is produced cane sugar that
is eligible for loans under section 156 of the Federal
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7
U.S.C. 7272), or a similar subsequent authority; and
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(ii) at the option of each such State, that have
an incentive program that requires the use of ethanol
in the State; and
(B) designed to study the production of ethanol from
cane sugar, sugarcane, and sugarcane byproducts.
(2) REQUIREMENTS.—A project described in paragraph (1)
shall—
(A) be limited to sugar producers and the production
of ethanol in the States of Florida, Louisiana, Texas, and
Hawaii, divided equally among the States, to demonstrate
that the process may be applicable to cane sugar, sugarcane, and sugarcane byproducts;
(B) include information on the ways in which the scale
of production may be replicated once the sugar cane
industry has located sites for, and constructed, ethanol
production facilities; and
(C) not last more than 3 years.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $36,000,000, to remain
available until expended.
SEC.
209.
RURAL AND
GRANTS.
REMOTE
COMMUNITY
ELECTRIFICATION
The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C.
2601 et seq.) is amended in title VI by adding at the end the
following:
‘‘SEC. 609. RURAL AND REMOTE COMMUNITIES ELECTRIFICATION
GRANTS.
‘‘(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) The term ‘eligible grantee’ means a local government
or municipality, peoples’ utility district, irrigation district, and
cooperative, nonprofit, or limited-dividend association in a rural
area.
‘‘(2) The term ‘incremental hydropower’ means additional
generation achieved from increased efficiency after January
1, 2005, at a hydroelectric dam that was placed in service
before January 1, 2005.
‘‘(3) The term ‘renewable energy’ means electricity generated from—
‘‘(A) a renewable energy source; or
‘‘(B) hydrogen, other than hydrogen produced from a
fossil fuel, that is produced from a renewable energy source.
‘‘(4) The term ‘renewable energy source’ means—
‘‘(A) wind;
‘‘(B) ocean waves;
‘‘(C) biomass;
‘‘(D) solar;
‘‘(E) landfill gas;
‘‘(F) incremental hydropower;
‘‘(G) livestock methane; or
‘‘(H) geothermal energy.
‘‘(5) The term ‘rural area’ means a city, town, or unincorporated area that has a population of not more than 10,000
inhabitants.
‘‘(b) GRANTS.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary
of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior, may provide grants
under this section to eligible grantees for the purpose of—
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‘‘(1) increasing energy efficiency, siting or upgrading transmission and distribution lines serving rural areas; or
‘‘(2) providing or modernizing electric generation facilities
that serve rural areas.
‘‘(c) GRANT ADMINISTRATION.—(1) The Secretary shall make
grants under this section based on a determination of cost-effectiveness and the most effective use of the funds to achieve the purposes
described in subsection (b).
‘‘(2) For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate grant
funds under this section equally between the purposes described
in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b).
‘‘(3) In making grants for the purposes described in subsection
(b)(2), the Secretary shall give preference to renewable energy facilities.
‘‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
$20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2012.’’.
SEC. 210. GRANTS TO IMPROVE THE COMMERCIAL VALUE OF FOREST
BIOMASS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY, USEFUL HEAT,
TRANSPORTATION FUELS, AND OTHER COMMERCIAL
PURPOSES.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) BIOMASS.—The term ‘‘biomass’’ means nonmerchantable
materials or precommercial thinnings that are byproducts of
preventive treatments, such as trees, wood, brush, thinnings,
chips, and slash, that are removed—
(A) to reduce hazardous fuels;
(B) to reduce or contain disease or insect infestation;
or
(C) to restore forest health.
(2) INDIAN TRIBE.—The term ‘‘Indian tribe’’ has the meaning
given the term in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination
and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(e)).
(3) NONMERCHANTABLE.—For purposes of subsection (b),
the term ‘‘nonmerchantable’’ means that portion of the
byproducts of preventive treatments that would not otherwise
be used for higher value products.
(4) PERSON.—The term ‘‘person’’ includes—
(A) an individual;
(B) a community (as determined by the Secretary concerned);
(C) an Indian tribe;
(D) a small business or a corporation that is incorporated in the United States; and
(E) a nonprofit organization.
(5) PREFERRED COMMUNITY.—The term ‘‘preferred community’’ means—
(A) any Indian tribe;
(B) any town, township, municipality, or other similar
unit of local government (as determined by the Secretary
concerned) that—
(i) has a population of not more than 50,000
individuals; and
(ii) the Secretary concerned, in the sole discretion
of the Secretary concerned, determines contains or is
located near Federal or Indian land, the condition of
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which is at significant risk of catastrophic wildfire,
disease, or insect infestation or which suffers from
disease or insect infestation; or
(C) any county that—
(i) is not contained within a metropolitan statistical area; and
(ii) the Secretary concerned, in the sole discretion
of the Secretary concerned, determines contains or is
located near Federal or Indian land, the condition of
which is at significant risk of catastrophic wildfire,
disease, or insect infestation or which suffers from
disease or insect infestation.
(6) SECRETARY CONCERNED.—The term ‘‘Secretary concerned’’ means the Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary
of the Interior.
(b) BIOMASS COMMERCIAL USE GRANT PROGRAM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary concerned may make
grants to any person in a preferred community that owns
or operates a facility that uses biomass as a raw material
to produce electric energy, sensible heat, or transportation fuels
to offset the costs incurred to purchase biomass for use by
such facility.
(2) GRANT AMOUNTS.—A grant under this subsection may
not exceed $20 per green ton of biomass delivered.
(3) MONITORING OF GRANT RECIPIENT ACTIVITIES.—As a
condition of a grant under this subsection, the grant recipient
shall keep such records as the Secretary concerned may require
to fully and correctly disclose the use of the grant funds and
all transactions involved in the purchase of biomass. Upon
notice by a representative of the Secretary concerned, the grant
recipient shall afford the representative reasonable access to
the facility that purchases or uses biomass and an opportunity
to examine the inventory and records of the facility.
(c) IMPROVED BIOMASS USE GRANT PROGRAM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary concerned may make
grants to persons to offset the cost of projects to develop or
research opportunities to improve the use of, or add value
to, biomass. In making such grants, the Secretary concerned
shall give preference to persons in preferred communities.
(2) SELECTION.—The Secretary concerned shall select a
grant recipient under paragraph (1) after giving consideration
to—
(A) the anticipated public benefits of the project,
including the potential to develop thermal or electric energy
resources or affordable energy;
(B) opportunities for the creation or expansion of small
businesses and micro-businesses;
(C) the potential for new job creation;
(D) the potential for the project to improve efficiency
or develop cleaner technologies for biomass utilization; and
(E) the potential for the project to reduce the hazardous
fuels from the areas in greatest need of treatment.
(3) GRANT AMOUNT.—A grant under this subsection may
not exceed $500,000.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated $50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006
through 2016 to carry out this section.
H. R. 6—67
(e) REPORT.—Not later than October 1, 2010, the Secretary
of Agriculture, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior,
shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the
Senate, and the Committee on Resources, the Committee on Energy
and Commerce, and the Committee on Agriculture of the House
of Representatives, a report describing the results of the grant
programs authorized by this section. The report shall include the
following:
(1) An identification of the size, type, and use of biomass
by persons that receive grants under this section.
(2) The distance between the land from which the biomass
was removed and the facility that used the biomass.
(3) The economic impacts, particularly new job creation,
resulting from the grants to and operation of the eligible operations.
SEC. 211. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING GENERATION CAPACITY
OF
ELECTRICITY
FROM
RENEWABLE
ENERGY
RESOURCES ON PUBLIC LANDS.
It is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary of the Interior
should, before the end of the 10-year period beginning on the
date of enactment of this Act, seek to have approved non-hydropower renewable energy projects located on the public lands with
a generation capacity of at least 10,000 megawatts of electricity.
Subtitle B—Geothermal Energy
SEC. 221. SHORT TITLE.
This subtitle may be cited as the ‘‘John Rishel Geothermal
Steam Act Amendments of 2005’’.
SEC. 222. COMPETITIVE LEASE SALE REQUIREMENTS.
Section 4 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1003) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 4. LEASING PROCEDURES.
‘‘(a) NOMINATIONS.—The Secretary shall accept nominations of
land to be leased at any time from qualified companies and individuals under this Act.
‘‘(b) COMPETITIVE LEASE SALE REQUIRED.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as otherwise specifically provided
by this Act, all land to be leased that is not subject to leasing
under subsection (c) shall be leased as provided in this subsection to the highest responsible qualified bidder, as determined by the Secretary.
‘‘(2) COMPETITIVE LEASE SALES.—The Secretary shall hold
a competitive lease sale at least once every 2 years for land
in a State that has nominations pending under subsection
(a) if the land is otherwise available for leasing.
‘‘(3) LANDS SUBJECT TO MINING CLAIMS.—Lands that are
subject to a mining claim for which a plan of operations has
been approved by the relevant Federal land management
agency may be available for noncompetitive leasing under this
section to the mining claim holder.
‘‘(c) NONCOMPETITIVE LEASING.—The Secretary shall make
available for a period of 2 years for noncompetitive leasing any
H. R. 6—68
tract for which a competitive lease sale is held, but for which
the Secretary does not receive any bids in a competitive lease
sale.
‘‘(d) PENDING LEASE APPLICATIONS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—It shall be a priority for the Secretary,
and for the Secretary of Agriculture with respect to National
Forest Systems land, to ensure timely completion of administrative actions, including amendments to applicable forest plans
and resource management plans, necessary to process applications for geothermal leasing pending on the date of enactment
of this subsection. All future forest plans and resource management plans for areas with high geothermal resource potential
shall consider geothermal leasing and development.
‘‘(2) ADMINISTRATION.—An application described in paragraph (1) and any lease issued pursuant to the application—
‘‘(A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), shall be
subject to this section as in effect on the day before the
date of enactment of this paragraph; or
‘‘(B) at the election of the applicant, shall be subject
to this section as in effect on the effective date of this
paragraph.
‘‘(e) LEASES SOLD AS A BLOCK.—If information is available
to the Secretary indicating a geothermal resource that could be
produced as 1 unit can reasonably be expected to underlie more
than 1 parcel to be offered in a competitive lease sale, the parcels
for such a resource may be offered for bidding as a block in the
competitive lease sale.’’.
SEC. 223. DIRECT USE.
(a) FEES FOR DIRECT USE.—Section 5 of the Geothermal Steam
Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1004) is amended—
(1) in subsection (c), by redesignating paragraphs (1) and
(2) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively;
(2) by redesignating subsections (a) through (d) as paragraphs (1) through (4), respectively;
(3) by inserting ‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—’’ after ‘‘SEC. 5.’’; and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(b) DIRECT USE.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding subsection (a)(1), the
Secretary shall establish a schedule of fees, in lieu of royalties
for geothermal resources, that a lessee or its affiliate—
‘‘(A) uses for a purpose other than the commercial
generation of electricity; and
‘‘(B) does not sell.
‘‘(2) SCHEDULE OF FEES.—The schedule of fees—
‘‘(A) may be based on the quantity or thermal content,
or both, of geothermal resources used;
‘‘(B) shall ensure a fair return to the United States
for use of the resource; and
‘‘(C) shall encourage development of the resource.
‘‘(3) STATE, TRIBAL, OR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.—If a State,
tribal, or local government is the lessee and uses geothermal
resources without sale and for public purposes other than
commercial generation of electricity, the Secretary shall charge
only a nominal fee for use of the resource.
H. R. 6—69
‘‘(4) FINAL REGULATION.—In issuing any final regulation
establishing a schedule of fees under this subsection, the Secretary shall seek—
‘‘(A) to provide lessees with a simplified administrative
system;
‘‘(B) to facilitate development of direct use of geothermal resources; and
‘‘(C) to contribute to sustainable economic development
opportunities in the area.’’.
(b) LEASING FOR DIRECT USE.—Section 4 of the Geothermal
Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1003) (as amended by section 222)
is further amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(f) LEASING FOR DIRECT USE OF GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES.—
Notwithstanding subsection (b), the Secretary may identify areas
in which the land to be leased under this Act exclusively for direct
use of geothermal resources, without sale for purposes other than
commercial generation of electricity, may be leased to any qualified
applicant that first applies for such a lease under regulations issued
by the Secretary, if the Secretary—
‘‘(1) publishes a notice of the land proposed for leasing
not later than 90 days before the date of the issuance of
the lease;
‘‘(2) does not receive during the 90-day period beginning
on the date of the publication any nomination to include the
land concerned in the next competitive lease sale; and
‘‘(3) determines there is no competitive interest in the
geothermal resources in the land to be leased.
‘‘(g) AREA SUBJECT TO LEASE FOR DIRECT USE.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraph (2), a geothermal
lease for the direct use of geothermal resources shall cover
not more than the quantity of acreage determined by the Secretary to be reasonably necessary for the proposed use.
‘‘(2) LIMITATIONS.—The quantity of acreage covered by the
lease shall not exceed the limitations established under section
7.’’.
(c) APPLICATION OF NEW LEASE TERMS.—The schedule of fees
established under the amendment made by subsection (a)(4) shall
apply with respect to payments under a lease converted under
this subsection that are due and owing, and have been paid, on
or after July 16, 2003. This subsection shall not require the refund
of royalties paid to a State under section 20 of the Geothermal
Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1019) prior to the date of enactment
of this Act.
SEC. 224. ROYALTIES AND NEAR-TERM PRODUCTION INCENTIVES.
(a) ROYALTY.—Section 5 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970
(30 U.S.C. 1004) is further amended—
(1) in subsection (a) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(1) a royalty on electricity produced using geothermal
resources, other than direct use of geothermal resources, that
shall be—
‘‘(A) not less than 1 percent and not more than 2.5
percent of the gross proceeds from the sale of electricity
produced from such resources during the first 10 years
of production under the lease; and
H. R. 6—70
‘‘(B) not less than 2 and not more than 5 percent
of the gross proceeds from the sale of electricity produced
from such resources during each year after such 10-year
period;’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(c) FINAL REGULATION ESTABLISHING ROYALTY RATES.—In
issuing any final regulation establishing royalty rates under this
section, the Secretary shall seek—
‘‘(1) to provide lessees a simplified administrative system;
‘‘(2) to encourage new development; and
‘‘(3) to achieve the same level of royalty revenues over
a 10-year period as the regulation in effect on the date of
enactment of this subsection.
‘‘(d) CREDITS FOR IN-KIND PAYMENTS OF ELECTRICITY.—The
Secretary may provide to a lessee a credit against royalties owed
under this Act, in an amount equal to the value of electricity
provided under contract to a State or county government that
is entitled to a portion of such royalties under section 20 of this
Act, section 35 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191), except
as otherwise provided by this section, or section 6 of the Mineral
Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 355), if—
‘‘(1) the Secretary has approved in advance the contract
between the lessee and the State or county government for
such in-kind payments;
‘‘(2) the contract establishes a specific methodology to determine the value of such credits; and
‘‘(3) the maximum credit will be equal to the royalty value
owed to the State or county that is a party to the contract
and the electricity received will serve as the royalty payment
from the Federal Government to that entity.’’.
(b) DISPOSAL OF MONEYS FROM SALES, BONUSES, ROYALTIES,
AND RENTS.—Section 20 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970
(30 U.S.C. 1019) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 20. DISPOSAL OF MONEYS FROM SALES, BONUSES, RENTALS,
AND ROYALTIES.
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—Except with respect to lands in the State
of Alaska, all monies received by the United States from sales,
bonuses, rentals, and royalties under this Act shall be paid into
the Treasury of the United States. Of amounts deposited under
this subsection, subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of section
35 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191(b)) and section 5(a)(2)
of this Act—
‘‘(1) 50 percent shall be paid to the State within the boundaries of which the leased lands or geothermal resources are
or were located; and
‘‘(2) 25 percent shall be paid to the county within the
boundaries of which the leased lands or geothermal resources
are or were located.
‘‘(b) USE OF PAYMENTS.—Amounts paid to a State or county
under subsection (a) shall be used consistent with the terms of
section 35 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191).’’.
(c) NEAR-TERM PRODUCTION INCENTIVE FOR EXISTING LEASES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding section 5(a) of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970, the royalty required to be paid
shall be 50 percent of the amount of the royalty otherwise
required, on any lease issued before the date of enactment
H. R. 6—71
of this Act that does not convert to new royalty terms under
subsection (e)—
(A) with respect to commercial production of energy
from a facility that begins such production in the 6-year
period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act;
or
(B) on qualified expansion geothermal energy.
(2) 4-YEAR APPLICATION.—Paragraph (1) applies only to new
commercial production of energy from a facility in the first
4 years of such production.
(d) DEFINITION OF QUALIFIED EXPANSION GEOTHERMAL
ENERGY.—In this section, the term ‘‘qualified expansion geothermal
energy’’ means geothermal energy produced from a generation
facility for which—
(1) the production is increased by more than 10 percent
as a result of expansion of the facility carried out in the 6year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act;
and
(2) such production increase is greater than 10 percent
of the average production by the facility during the 5-year
period preceding the expansion of the facility (as such average
is adjusted to reflect any trend in changes in production during
that period).
(e) ROYALTY UNDER EXISTING LEASES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Any lessee under a lease issued under
the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.)
before the date of enactment of this Act may, within the time
period specified in paragraph (2), submit to the Secretary of
the Interior a request to modify the terms of the lease relating
to payment of royalties to provide—
(A) in the case of a lease that meets the requirements
of subsection (b) of section 5 of the Geothermal Steam
Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1004) (as amended by section 223),
that royalties be based on the schedule of fees established
under that section; and
(B) in the case of any other lease, that royalties be
computed on a percentage of the gross proceeds from the
sale of electricity, at a royalty rate that is expected to
yield total royalty payments equivalent to payments that
would have been received for comparable production under
the royalty rate in effect for the lease before the date
of enactment of this subsection.
(2) TIMING.—A request for a modification under paragraph
(1) shall be submitted to the Secretary of the Interior by the
date that is not later than—
(A) in the case of a lease for direct use, 18 months
after the effective date of the schedule of fees established
by the Secretary of the Interior under section 5 of the
Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1004); or
(B) in the case of any other lease, 18 months after
the effective date of the final regulation issued under subsection (a).
(3) APPLICATION OF MODIFICATION.—If the lessee requests
modification of a lease under paragraph (1)—
(A) the Secretary of the Interior shall, within 180 days
after the receipt of the request for modification, modify
the lease to comply with—
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(i) in the case of a lease for direct use, the schedule
of fees established by the Secretary under section 5
of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1004);
or
(ii) in the case of any other lease, the royalty
for the lease established under paragraph (1)(B); and
(B) the modification shall apply to any use of geothermal resources to which subsection (a) applies that
occurs after the date of the modification.
(4) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary of the Interior shall
consult with the State and local governments affected by any
proposed changes in lease royalty terms under this subsection.
SEC. 225. COORDINATION OF GEOTHERMAL LEASING AND PERMITTING
ON FEDERAL LANDS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of
enactment of this section, the Secretary of the Interior and the
Secretary of Agriculture shall enter into and submit to Congress
a memorandum of understanding in accordance with this section,
the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (as amended by this Act), and
other applicable laws, regarding coordination of leasing and permitting for geothermal development of public lands and National Forest
System lands under their respective jurisdictions.
(b) LEASE AND PERMIT APPLICATIONS.—The memorandum of
understanding shall—
(1) establish an administrative procedure for processing
geothermal lease applications, including lines of authority, steps
in application processing, and time limits for application procession;
(2) establish a 5-year program for geothermal leasing of
lands in the National Forest System, and a process for updating
that program every 5 years; and
(3) establish a program for reducing the backlog of geothermal lease application pending on January 1, 2005, by 90
percent within the 5-year period beginning on the date of
enactment of this Act, including, as necessary, by issuing leases,
rejecting lease applications for failure to comply with the provisions of the regulations under which they were filed, or determining that an original applicant (or the applicant’s assigns,
heirs, or estate) is no longer interested in pursuing the lease
application.
(c) DATA RETRIEVAL SYSTEM.—The memorandum of understanding shall establish a joint data retrieval system that is capable
of tracking lease and permit applications and providing to the
applicant information as to their status within the Departments
of the Interior and Agriculture, including an estimate of the time
required for administrative action.
SEC. 226. ASSESSMENT OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL.
Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this
Act and thereafter as the availability of data and developments
in technology warrants, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through
the Director of the United States Geological Survey and in cooperation with the States, shall—
(1) update the Assessment of Geothermal Resources made
during 1978; and
(2) submit to Congress the updated assessment.
H. R. 6—73
SEC. 227. COOPERATIVE OR UNIT PLANS.
Section 18 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1017) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 18. UNIT AND COMMUNITIZATION AGREEMENTS.
‘‘(a) ADOPTION OF UNITS BY LESSEES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—For the purpose of more properly conserving the natural resources of any geothermal reservoir, field,
or like area, or any part thereof (whether or not any part
of the geothermal reservoir, field, or like area, is subject to
any cooperative plan of development or operation (referred to
in this section as a ‘unit agreement’)), lessees thereof and
their representatives may unite with each other, or jointly
or separately with others, in collectively adopting and operating
under a unit agreement for the reservoir, field, or like area,
or any part thereof, including direct use resources, if determined
and certified by the Secretary to be necessary or advisable
in the public interest.
‘‘(2) MAJORITY INTEREST OF SINGLE LEASES.—A majority
interest of owners of any single lease shall have the authority
to commit the lease to a unit agreement.
‘‘(3) INITIATIVE OF SECRETARY.—The Secretary may also
initiate the formation of a unit agreement, or require an
existing Federal lease to commit to a unit agreement, if in
the public interest.
‘‘(4) MODIFICATION OF LEASE REQUIREMENTS BY SECRETARY.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may, in the discretion
of the Secretary and with the consent of the holders of
leases involved, establish, alter, change, or revoke rates
of operations (including drilling, operations, production,
and other requirements) of the leases and make conditions
with respect to the leases, with the consent of the lessees,
in connection with the creation and operation of any such
unit agreement as the Secretary may consider necessary
or advisable to secure the protection of the public interest.
‘‘(B) UNLIKE TERMS OR RATES.—Leases with unlike
lease terms or royalty rates shall not be required to be
modified to be in the same unit.
‘‘(b) REQUIREMENT OF PLANS UNDER NEW LEASES.—The Secretary may—
‘‘(1) provide that geothermal leases issued under this Act
shall contain a provision requiring the lessee to operate under
a unit agreement; and
‘‘(2) prescribe the unit agreement under which the lessee
shall operate, which shall adequately protect the rights of all
parties in interest, including the United States.
‘‘(c) MODIFICATION OF RATE OF PROSPECTING, DEVELOPMENT,
AND PRODUCTION.—The Secretary may require that any unit agreement authorized by this section that applies to land owned by
the United States contain a provision under which authority is
vested in the Secretary, or any person, committee, or State or
Federal officer or agency as may be designated in the unit agreement to alter or modify, from time to time, the rate of prospecting
and development and the quantity and rate of production under
the unit agreement.
H. R. 6—74
‘‘(d) EXCLUSION FROM DETERMINATION OF HOLDING OR CONTROL.—Any land that is subject to a unit agreement approved
or prescribed by the Secretary under this section shall not be
considered in determining holdings or control under section 7.
‘‘(e) POOLING OF CERTAIN LAND.—If separate tracts of land
cannot be independently developed and operated to use geothermal
resources pursuant to any section of this Act—
‘‘(1) the land, or a portion of the land, may be pooled
with other land, whether or not owned by the United States,
for purposes of development and operation under a
communitization agreement providing for an apportionment of
production or royalties among the separate tracts of land comprising the production unit, if the pooling is determined by
the Secretary to be in the public interest; and
‘‘(2)
operation
or
production
pursuant
to
the
communitization agreement shall be treated as operation or
production with respect to each tract of land that is subject
to the communitization agreement.
‘‘(f) UNIT AGREEMENT REVIEW.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 5 years after the date
of approval of any unit agreement and at least every 5 years
thereafter, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) review each unit agreement; and
‘‘(B) after notice and opportunity for comment, eliminate from inclusion in the unit agreement any land that
the Secretary determines is not reasonably necessary for
unit operations under the unit agreement.
‘‘(2) BASIS FOR ELIMINATION.—The elimination shall—
‘‘(A) be based on scientific evidence; and
‘‘(B) occur only if the elimination is determined by
the Secretary to be for the purpose of conserving and
properly managing the geothermal resource.
‘‘(3) EXTENSION.—Any land eliminated under this subsection shall be eligible for an extension under section 6(g)
if the land meets the requirements for the extension.
‘‘(g) DRILLING OR DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may, on such conditions
as the Secretary may prescribe, approve drilling or development
contracts made by one or more lessees of geothermal leases,
with one or more persons, associations, or corporations if, in
the discretion of the Secretary, the conservation of natural
resources or the public convenience or necessity may require
or the interests of the United States may be best served by
the approval.
‘‘(2) HOLDINGS OR CONTROL.—Each lease operated under
an approved drilling or development contract, and interest
under the contract, shall be excepted in determining holdings
or control under section 7.
‘‘(h) COORDINATION WITH STATE GOVERNMENTS.—The Secretary
shall coordinate unitization and pooling activities with appropriate
State agencies.’’.
SEC. 228. ROYALTY ON BYPRODUCTS.
Section 5 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1004) (as amended by section 223(a)) is further amended in subsection (a) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
H. R. 6—75
‘‘(2) a royalty on any byproduct that is a mineral specified
in the first section of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C.
181), and that is derived from production under the lease,
at the rate of the royalty that applies under that Act to production of the mineral under a lease under that Act;’’.
SEC. 229. AUTHORITIES OF SECRETARY TO READJUST TERMS, CONDITIONS, RENTALS, AND ROYALTIES.
Section 8(b) of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1006) is amended in the second sentence by striking ‘‘period, and
in no event’’ and all that follows through the end of the sentence
and inserting ‘‘period’’.
SEC. 230. CREDITING OF RENTAL TOWARD ROYALTY.
Section 5 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1004) (as amended by sections 223 and 224) is further amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(2) by inserting ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon at the end;
(2) in subsection (a)(3) by striking ‘‘; and’’ and inserting
a period;
(3) by striking paragraph (4) of subsection (a); and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(e) CREDITING OF RENTAL TOWARD ROYALTY.—Any annual
rental under this section that is paid with respect to a lease before
the first day of the year for which the annual rental is owed
shall be credited to the amount of royalty that is required to
be paid under the lease for that year.’’.
SEC. 231. LEASE DURATION AND WORK COMMITMENT REQUIREMENTS.
Section 6 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1005) is amended—
(1) by striking so much as precedes subsection (c), and
striking subsections (e), (g), (h), (i), and (j);
(2) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (f) in order
as subsections (g), (h), and (i); and
(3) by inserting before subsection (g), as so redesignated,
the following:
‘‘SEC. 6. LEASE TERM AND WORK COMMITMENT REQUIREMENTS.
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(1) PRIMARY TERM.—A geothermal lease shall be for a
primary term of 10 years.
‘‘(2) INITIAL EXTENSION.—The Secretary shall extend the
primary term of a geothermal lease for 5 years if, for each
year after the 10th year of the lease—
‘‘(A) the Secretary determined under subsection (b)
that the lessee satisfied the work commitment requirements that applied to the lease for that year; or
‘‘(B) the lessee paid in annual payments accordance
with subsection (c).
‘‘(3) ADDITIONAL EXTENSION.—The Secretary shall extend
the primary term of a geothermal lease (after an initial extension under paragraph (2)) for an additional 5 years if, for
each year of the initial extension under paragraph (2), the
Secretary determined under subsection (b) that the lessee satisfied the minimum work requirements that applied to the lease
for that year.
H. R. 6—76
‘‘(b) REQUIREMENT TO SATISFY ANNUAL MINIMUM WORK
REQUIREMENT.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The lessee for a geothermal lease shall,
for each year after the 10th year of the lease, satisfy minimum
work requirements prescribed by the Secretary that apply to
the lease for that year.
‘‘(2) PRESCRIPTION OF MINIMUM WORK REQUIREMENTS.—The
Secretary shall issue regulations prescribing minimum work
requirements for geothermal leases, that—
‘‘(A) establish a geothermal potential; and
‘‘(B) if a geothermal potential has been established,
confirm the existence of producible geothermal resources.
‘‘(c) PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF MINIMUM WORK REQUIREMENTS.—
In lieu of the minimum work requirements set forth in subsection
(b)(2), the Secretary shall by regulation establish minimum annual
payments which may be made by the lessee for a limited number
of years that the Secretary determines will not impair achieving
diligent development of the geothermal resource, but in no event
shall the number of years exceed the duration of the extension
period provided in subsection (a).
‘‘(d) TRANSITION RULES FOR LEASES ISSUED PRIOR TO ENACTMENT OF ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005.—The Secretary shall by
regulation establish transition rules for leases issued before the
date of the enactment of this subsection, including terms under
which a lease that is near the end of its term on the date of
enactment of this subsection may be extended for up to 2 years—
‘‘(1) to allow achievement of production under the lease;
or
‘‘(2) to allow the lease to be included in a producing unit.
‘‘(e) GEOTHERMAL LEASE OVERLYING MINING CLAIM.—
‘‘(1) EXEMPTION.—The lessee for a geothermal lease of an
area overlying an area subject to a mining claim for which
a plan of operations has been approved by the relevant Federal
land management agency is exempt from annual work requirements established under this Act, if development of the geothermal resource subject to the lease would interfere with the
mining operations under such claim.
‘‘(2) TERMINATION OF EXEMPTION.—An exemption under this
paragraph expires upon the termination of the mining operations.
‘‘(f) TERMINATION OF APPLICATION OF REQUIREMENTS.—Minimum work requirements prescribed under this section shall not
apply to a geothermal lease after the date on which the geothermal
resource is utilized under the lease in commercial quantities.’’.
SEC. 232. ADVANCED ROYALTIES REQUIRED FOR CESSATION OF
PRODUCTION.
Section 5 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1004) (as amended by sections 223, 224, and 230) is further
amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(f) ADVANCED ROYALTIES REQUIRED FOR CESSATION OF
PRODUCTION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), if,
at any time after commercial production under a lease is
achieved, production ceases for any reason, the lease shall
remain in full force and effect for a period of not more than
H. R. 6—77
an aggregate number of 10 years beginning on the date production ceases, if, during the period in which production is ceased,
the lessee pays royalties in advance at the monthly average
rate at which the royalty was paid during the period of production.
‘‘(2) REDUCTION.—The amount of any production royalty
paid for any year shall be reduced (but not below 0) by the
amount of any advanced royalties paid under the lease to
the extent that the advance royalties have not been used to
reduce production royalties for a prior year.
‘‘(3) EXCEPTIONS.—Paragraph (1) shall not apply if the cessation in production is required or otherwise caused by—
‘‘(A) the Secretary;
‘‘(B) the Secretary of the Air Force;
‘‘(C) the Secretary of the Army;
‘‘(D) the Secretary of the Navy;
‘‘(E) a State or a political subdivision of a State; or
‘‘(F) a force majeure.’’.
SEC. 233. ANNUAL RENTAL.
(a) ANNUAL RENTAL RATE.—Section 5 of the Geothermal Steam
Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1004) (as amended by section 223(a)) is
further amended in subsection (a) by striking paragraph (3) and
inserting the following:
‘‘(3) payment in advance of an annual rental of not less
than—
‘‘(A) for each of the 1st through 10th years of the
lease—
‘‘(i) in the case of a lease awarded in a noncompetitive lease sale, $1 per acre or fraction thereof; or
‘‘(ii) in the case of a lease awarded in a competitive
lease sale, $2 per acre or fraction thereof for the 1st
year and $3 per acre or fraction thereof for each of
the 2nd through 10th years; and
‘‘(B) for each year after the 10th year of the lease,
$5 per acre or fraction thereof;’’.
(b) TERMINATION OF LEASE FOR FAILURE TO PAY RENTAL.—
Section 5 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1004)
(as amended by sections 223, 224, 230, and 232) is further amended
by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(g) TERMINATION OF LEASE FOR FAILURE TO PAY RENTAL.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall terminate any lease
with respect to which rental is not paid in accordance with
this Act and the terms of the lease under which the rental
is required, on the expiration of the 45-day period beginning
on the date of the failure to pay the rental.
‘‘(2) NOTIFICATION.—The Secretary shall promptly notify
a lessee that has not paid rental required under the lease
that the lease will be terminated at the end of the period
referred to in paragraph (1).
‘‘(3) REINSTATEMENT.—A lease that would otherwise terminate under paragraph (1) shall not terminate under that paragraph if the lessee pays to the Secretary, before the end of
the period referred to in paragraph (1), the amount of rental
due plus a late fee equal to 10 percent of the amount.’’.
H. R. 6—78
SEC. 234. DEPOSIT AND USE OF GEOTHERMAL LEASE REVENUES FOR
5 FISCAL YEARS.
(a) DEPOSIT OF GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES LEASES.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts received by the United
States in the first 5 fiscal years beginning after the date of enactment of this Act as rentals, royalties, and other payments required
under leases under the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970, excluding
funds required to be paid to State and county governments, shall
be deposited into a separate account in the Treasury.
(b) USE OF DEPOSITS.—Amounts deposited under subsection
(a) shall be available to the Secretary of the Interior for expenditure,
without further appropriation and without fiscal year limitation,
to implement the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 and this Act.
(c) TRANSFER OF FUNDS.—For the purposes of coordination and
processing of geothermal leases and geothermal use authorizations
on Federal land the Secretary of the Interior may authorize the
expenditure or transfer of such funds as are necessary to the
Forest Service.
SEC. 235. ACREAGE LIMITATIONS.
Section 7 of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C.
1006) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘SEC. 7.’’, and by inserting immediately
before and above the first paragraph the following:
‘‘SEC. 7. ACREAGE LIMITATIONS.’’;
(2) in the first paragraph—
(A) by striking ‘‘two thousand five hundred and sixty
acres’’ and inserting ‘‘5,120 acres’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘twenty thousand four hundred and
eighty acres’’ and inserting ‘‘51,200 acres’’; and
(3) by striking the second paragraph.
SEC. 236. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.
The Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.)
is further amended as follows:
(1) By striking ‘‘geothermal steam and associated geothermal resources’’ each place it appears and inserting ‘‘geothermal resources’’.
(2) Section 2 (30 U.S.C. 1001) is amended by adding at
the end the following:
‘‘(g) ‘direct use’ means utilization of geothermal resources
for commercial, residential, agricultural, public facilities, or
other energy needs other than the commercial production of
electricity; and’’.
(3) Section 21 (30 U.S.C. 1020) is amended by striking
‘‘(a) Within one hundred’’ and all that follows through ‘‘(b)
Geothermal’’ and inserting ‘‘Geothermal’’.
(4) The first section (30 U.S.C. 1001 note) is amended
by striking ‘‘That this’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 1. SHORT TITLE.
‘‘This’’.
(5) Section 2 (30 U.S.C. 1001) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 2. As’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
‘‘As’’.
H. R. 6—79
(6) Section 3 (30 U.S.C. 1002) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 3. Subject’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 3. LANDS SUBJECT TO GEOTHERMAL LEASING.
‘‘Subject’’.
(7) Section 5 (30 U.S.C. 1004) is further amended by
striking ‘‘SEC. 5.’’, and by inserting immediately before and
above subsection (a) the following:
‘‘SEC. 5. RENTS AND ROYALTIES.’’.
(8) Section 8 (30 U.S.C. 1007) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 8. (a) The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 8. READJUSTMENT OF LEASE TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
‘‘(a) The’’.
(9) Section 9 (30 U.S.C. 1008) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 9. If’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 9. BYPRODUCTS.
‘‘If’’.
(10) Section 10 (30 U.S.C. 1009) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 10. The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 10. RELINQUISHMENT OF GEOTHERMAL RIGHTS.
‘‘The’’.
(11) Section 11 (30 U.S.C. 1010) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 11. The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 11. SUSPENSION OF OPERATIONS AND PRODUCTION.
‘‘The’’.
(12) Section 12 (30 U.S.C. 1011) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 12. Leases’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 12. TERMINATION OF LEASES.
‘‘Leases’’.
(13) Section 13 (30 U.S.C. 1012) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 13. The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 13. WAIVER, SUSPENSION, OR REDUCTION OF RENTAL OR ROYALTY.
‘‘The’’.
(14) Section 14 (30 U.S.C. 1013) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 14. Subject’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 14. SURFACE LAND USE.
‘‘Subject’’.
(15) Section 15 (30 U.S.C. 1014) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 15. (a) Geothermal’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 15. LANDS SUBJECT TO GEOTHERMAL LEASING.
‘‘(a) Geothermal’’.
(16) Section 16 (30 U.S.C. 1015) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 16. Leases’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 16. REQUIREMENT FOR LESSEES.
‘‘Leases’’.
(17) Section 17 (30 U.S.C. 1016) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 17. Administration’’ and inserting the following:
H. R. 6—80
‘‘SEC. 17. ADMINISTRATION.
‘‘Administration’’.
(18) Section 19 (30 U.S.C. 1018) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 19. Upon’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 19. DATA FROM FEDERAL AGENCIES.
‘‘Upon’’.
(19) Section 21 (30 U.S.C. 1020) is further amended by
striking ‘‘SEC. 21.’’, and by inserting immediately before and
above the remainder of that section the following:
‘‘SEC. 21. PUBLICATION IN FEDERAL REGISTER; RESERVATION OF MINERAL RIGHTS.’’.
(20) Section 22 (30 U.S.C. 1021) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 22. Nothing’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 22. FEDERAL EXEMPTION FROM STATE WATER LAWS.
‘‘Nothing’’.
(21) Section 23 (30 U.S.C. 1022) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 23. (a) All’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 23. PREVENTION OF WASTE; EXCLUSIVITY.
‘‘(a) All’’.
(22) Section 24 (30 U.S.C. 1023) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 24. The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 24. RULES AND REGULATIONS.
‘‘The’’.
(23) Section 25 (30 U.S.C. 1024) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 25. As’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 25. INCLUSION OF GEOTHERMAL LEASING UNDER CERTAIN
OTHER LAWS.
‘‘As’’.
(24) Section 26 is amended by striking ‘‘SEC.
inserting the following:
26.
The’’ and
‘‘SEC. 26. AMENDMENT.
‘‘The’’.
(25) Section 27 (30 U.S.C. 1025) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 27. The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 27. FEDERAL RESERVATION OF CERTAIN MINERAL RIGHTS.
‘‘The’’.
(26) Section 28 (30 U.S.C. 1026) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 28. (a)(1) The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 28. SIGNIFICANT THERMAL FEATURES.
‘‘(a)(1) The’’.
(27) Section 29 (30 U.S.C. 1027) is amended by striking
‘‘SEC. 29. The’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 29. LAND SUBJECT TO PROHIBITION ON LEASING.
‘‘The’’.
SEC. 237. INTERMOUNTAIN WEST GEOTHERMAL CONSORTIUM.
(a) PARTICIPATION AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary, acting through
the Idaho National Laboratory, may participate in a consortium
described in subsection (b) to address science and science policy
H. R. 6—81
issues surrounding the expanded discovery and use of geothermal
energy, including from geothermal resources on public lands.
(b) MEMBERS.—The consortium referred to in subsection (a)
shall—
(1) be known as the ‘‘Intermountain West Geothermal
Consortium’’;
(2) be a regional consortium of institutions and government
agencies that focuses on building collaborative efforts among
the universities in the State of Idaho, other regional universities, State agencies, and the Idaho National Laboratory;
(3) include Boise State University, the University of Idaho
(including the Idaho Water Resources Research Institute), the
Oregon Institute of Technology, the Desert Research Institute
with the University and Community College System of Nevada,
and the Energy and Geoscience Institute at the University
of Utah;
(4) be hosted and managed by Boise State University;
and
(5) have a director appointed by Boise State University,
and associate directors appointed by each participating institution.
(c) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary, acting through the
Idaho National Laboratory and subject to the availability of appropriations, will provide financial assistance to Boise State University
for expenditure under contracts with members of the consortium
to carry out the activities of the consortium.
Subtitle C—Hydroelectric
SEC. 241. ALTERNATIVE CONDITIONS AND FISHWAYS.
(a) FEDERAL RESERVATIONS.—Section 4(e) of the Federal Power
Act (16 U.S.C. 797(e)) is amended by inserting after ‘‘adequate
protection and utilization of such reservation.’’ at the end of the
first proviso the following: ‘‘The license applicant and any party
to the proceeding shall be entitled to a determination on the record,
after opportunity for an agency trial-type hearing of no more than
90 days, on any disputed issues of material fact with respect to
such conditions. All disputed issues of material fact raised by any
party shall be determined in a single trial-type hearing to be
conducted by the relevant resource agency in accordance with the
regulations promulgated under this subsection and within the time
frame established by the Commission for each license proceeding.
Within 90 days of the date of enactment of the Energy Policy
Act of 2005, the Secretaries of the Interior, Commerce, and Agriculture shall establish jointly, by rule, the procedures for such
expedited trial-type hearing, including the opportunity to undertake
discovery and cross-examine witnesses, in consultation with the
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.’’.
(b) FISHWAYS.—Section 18 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C.
811) is amended by inserting after ‘‘and such fishways as may
be prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce.’’ the following: ‘‘The
license applicant and any party to the proceeding shall be entitled
to a determination on the record, after opportunity for an agency
trial-type hearing of no more than 90 days, on any disputed issues
of material fact with respect to such fishways. All disputed issues
of material fact raised by any party shall be determined in a
H. R. 6—82
single trial-type hearing to be conducted by the relevant resource
agency in accordance with the regulations promulgated under this
subsection and within the time frame established by the Commission for each license proceeding. Within 90 days of the date of
enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretaries of
the Interior, Commerce, and Agriculture shall establish jointly,
by rule, the procedures for such expedited trial-type hearing,
including the opportunity to undertake discovery and cross-examine
witnesses, in consultation with the Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission.’’.
(c) ALTERNATIVE CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS.—Part I of
the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 791a et seq.) is amended by
adding the following new section at the end thereof:
‘‘SEC. 33. ALTERNATIVE CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS.
‘‘(a) ALTERNATIVE CONDITIONS.—(1) Whenever any person
applies for a license for any project works within any reservation
of the United States, and the Secretary of the department under
whose supervision such reservation falls (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Secretary’) deems a condition to such license to
be necessary under the first proviso of section 4(e), the license
applicant or any other party to the license proceeding may propose
an alternative condition.
‘‘(2) Notwithstanding the first proviso of section 4(e), the Secretary shall accept the proposed alternative condition referred to
in paragraph (1), and the Commission shall include in the license
such alternative condition, if the Secretary determines, based on
substantial evidence provided by the license applicant, any other
party to the proceeding, or otherwise available to the Secretary,
that such alternative condition—
‘‘(A) provides for the adequate protection and utilization
of the reservation; and
‘‘(B) will either, as compared to the condition initially by
the Secretary—
‘‘(i) cost significantly less to implement; or
‘‘(ii) result in improved operation of the project works
for electricity production.
‘‘(3) In making a determination under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall consider evidence provided for the record by any party
to a licensing proceeding, or otherwise available to the Secretary,
including any evidence provided by the Commission, on the
implementation costs or operational impacts for electricity production of a proposed alternative.
‘‘(4) The Secretary concerned shall submit into the public record
of the Commission proceeding with any condition under section
4(e) or alternative condition it accepts under this section, a written
statement explaining the basis for such condition, and reason for
not accepting any alternative condition under this section. The
written statement must demonstrate that the Secretary gave equal
consideration to the effects of the condition adopted and alternatives
not accepted on energy supply, distribution, cost, and use; flood
control; navigation; water supply; and air quality (in addition to
the preservation of other aspects of environmental quality); based
on such information as may be available to the Secretary, including
information voluntarily provided in a timely manner by the
applicant and others. The Secretary shall also submit, together
with the aforementioned written statement, all studies, data, and
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other factual information available to the Secretary and relevant
to the Secretary’s decision.
‘‘(5) If the Commission finds that the Secretary’s final condition
would be inconsistent with the purposes of this part, or other
applicable law, the Commission may refer the dispute to the
Commission’s Dispute Resolution Service. The Dispute Resolution
Service shall consult with the Secretary and the Commission and
issue a non-binding advisory within 90 days. The Secretary may
accept the Dispute Resolution Service advisory unless the Secretary
finds that the recommendation will not adequately protect the reservation. The Secretary shall submit the advisory and the Secretary’s final written determination into the record of the Commission’s proceeding.
‘‘(b) ALTERNATIVE PRESCRIPTIONS.—(1) Whenever the Secretary
of the Interior or the Secretary of Commerce prescribes a fishway
under section 18, the license applicant or any other party to the
license proceeding may propose an alternative to such prescription
to construct, maintain, or operate a fishway.
‘‘(2) Notwithstanding section 18, the Secretary of the Interior
or the Secretary of Commerce, as appropriate, shall accept and
prescribe, and the Commission shall require, the proposed alternative referred to in paragraph (1), if the Secretary of the appropriate department determines, based on substantial evidence provided by the license applicant, any other party to the proceeding,
or otherwise available to the Secretary, that such alternative—
‘‘(A) will be no less protective than the fishway initially
prescribed by the Secretary; and
‘‘(B) will either, as compared to the fishway initially prescribed by the Secretary—
‘‘(i) cost significantly less to implement; or
‘‘(ii) result in improved operation of the project works
for electricity production.
‘‘(3) In making a determination under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall consider evidence provided for the record by any party
to a licensing proceeding, or otherwise available to the Secretary,
including any evidence provided by the Commission, on the
implementation costs or operational impacts for electricity production of a proposed alternative.
‘‘(4) The Secretary concerned shall submit into the public record
of the Commission proceeding with any prescription under section
18 or alternative prescription it accepts under this section, a written
statement explaining the basis for such prescription, and reason
for not accepting any alternative prescription under this section.
The written statement must demonstrate that the Secretary gave
equal consideration to the effects of the prescription adopted and
alternatives not accepted on energy supply, distribution, cost, and
use; flood control; navigation; water supply; and air quality (in
addition to the preservation of other aspects of environmental
quality); based on such information as may be available to the
Secretary, including information voluntarily provided in a timely
manner by the applicant and others. The Secretary shall also
submit, together with the aforementioned written statement, all
studies, data, and other factual information available to the Secretary and relevant to the Secretary’s decision.
‘‘(5) If the Commission finds that the Secretary’s final prescription would be inconsistent with the purposes of this part, or other
applicable law, the Commission may refer the dispute to the
H. R. 6—84
Commission’s Dispute Resolution Service. The Dispute Resolution
Service shall consult with the Secretary and the Commission and
issue a non-binding advisory within 90 days. The Secretary may
accept the Dispute Resolution Service advisory unless the Secretary
finds that the recommendation will not adequately protect the fish
resources. The Secretary shall submit the advisory and the Secretary’s final written determination into the record of the Commission’s proceeding.’’.
SEC. 242. HYDROELECTRIC PRODUCTION INCENTIVES.
(a) INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.—For electric energy generated and
sold by a qualified hydroelectric facility during the incentive period,
the Secretary shall make, subject to the availability of appropriations, incentive payments to the owner or operator of such facility.
The amount of such payment made to any such owner or operator
shall be as determined under subsection (e) of this section. Payments under this section may only be made upon receipt by the
Secretary of an incentive payment application which establishes
that the applicant is eligible to receive such payment and which
satisfies such other requirements as the Secretary deems necessary.
Such application shall be in such form, and shall be submitted
at such time, as the Secretary shall establish.
(b) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section:
(1) QUALIFIED HYDROELECTRIC FACILITY.—The term ‘‘qualified hydroelectric facility’’ means a turbine or other generating
device owned or solely operated by a non-Federal entity which
generates hydroelectric energy for sale and which is added
to an existing dam or conduit.
(2) EXISTING DAM OR CONDUIT.—The term ‘‘existing dam
or conduit’’ means any dam or conduit the construction of
which was completed before the date of the enactment of this
section and which does not require any construction or enlargement of impoundment or diversion structures (other than repair
or reconstruction) in connection with the installation of a turbine or other generating device.
(3) CONDUIT.—The term ‘‘conduit’’ has the same meaning
as when used in section 30(a)(2) of the Federal Power Act
(16 U.S.C. 823a(a)(2)).
The terms defined in this subsection shall apply without regard
to the hydroelectric kilowatt capacity of the facility concerned, without regard to whether the facility uses a dam owned by a governmental or nongovernmental entity, and without regard to whether
the facility begins operation on or after the date of the enactment
of this section.
(c) ELIGIBILITY WINDOW.—Payments may be made under this
section only for electric energy generated from a qualified hydroelectric facility which begins operation during the period of 10
fiscal years beginning with the first full fiscal year occurring after
the date of enactment of this subtitle.
(d) INCENTIVE PERIOD.—A qualified hydroelectric facility may
receive payments under this section for a period of 10 fiscal years
(referred to in this section as the ‘‘incentive period’’). Such period
shall begin with the fiscal year in which electric energy generated
from the facility is first eligible for such payments.
(e) AMOUNT OF PAYMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Payments made by the Secretary under
this section to the owner or operator of a qualified hydroelectric
H. R. 6—85
facility shall be based on the number of kilowatt hours of
hydroelectric energy generated by the facility during the incentive period. For any such facility, the amount of such payment
shall be 1.8 cents per kilowatt hour (adjusted as provided
in paragraph (2)), subject to the availability of appropriations
under subsection (g), except that no facility may receive more
than $750,000 in 1 calendar year.
(2) ADJUSTMENTS.—The amount of the payment made to
any person under this section as provided in paragraph (1)
shall be adjusted for inflation for each fiscal year beginning
after calendar year 2005 in the same manner as provided
in the provisions of section 29(d)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1986, except that in applying such provisions the calendar year 2005 shall be substituted for calendar year 1979.
(f) SUNSET.—No payment may be made under this section to
any qualified hydroelectric facility after the expiration of the period
of 20 fiscal years beginning with the first full fiscal year occurring
after the date of enactment of this subtitle, and no payment may
be made under this section to any such facility after a payment
has been made with respect to such facility for a period of 10
fiscal years.
(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out the purposes
of this section $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through
2015.
SEC. 243. HYDROELECTRIC EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT.
(a) INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.—The Secretary shall make incentive
payments to the owners or operators of hydroelectric facilities at
existing dams to be used to make capital improvements in the
facilities that are directly related to improving the efficiency of
such facilities by at least 3 percent.
(b) LIMITATIONS.—Incentive payments under this section shall
not exceed 10 percent of the costs of the capital improvement
concerned and not more than 1 payment may be made with respect
to improvements at a single facility. No payment in excess of
$750,000 may be made with respect to improvements at a single
facility.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section not more than
$10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2015.
SEC. 244. ALASKA STATE JURISDICTION OVER SMALL HYDROELECTRIC
PROJECTS.
Section 32 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 823c) is
amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(3)(C), by inserting ‘‘except as provided
in subsection (j),’’ before ‘‘conditions’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(j) FISH AND WILDLIFE.—If the State of Alaska determines
that a recommendation under subsection (a)(3)(C) is inconsistent
with paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a), the State of Alaska
may decline to adopt all or part of the recommendations in accordance with the procedures established under section 10(j)(2).’’.
SEC. 245. FLINT CREEK HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
(a) EXTENSION OF TIME.—Notwithstanding the time period
specified in section 5 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 798)
H. R. 6—86
that would otherwise apply to the Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Commission’’) project
numbered 12107, the Commission shall—
(1) if the preliminary permit is in effect on the date of
enactment of this Act, extend the preliminary permit for a
period of 3 years beginning on the date on which the preliminary permit expires; or
(2) if the preliminary permit expired before the date of
enactment of this Act, on request of the permittee, reinstate
the preliminary permit for an additional 3-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
(b) LIMITATION ON CERTAIN FEES.—Notwithstanding section
10(e)(1) of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 803(e)(1)) or any
other provision of Federal law providing for the payment to the
United States of charges for the use of Federal land for the purposes
of operating and maintaining a hydroelectric development licensed
by the Commission, any political subdivision of the State of Montana
that holds a Commission license for the Commission project numbered 12107 in Granite and Deer Lodge Counties, Montana, shall
be required to pay to the United States for the use of that land
for each year during which the political subdivision continues to
hold the license for the project, the lesser of—
(1) $25,000; or
(2) such annual charge as the Commission or any other
department or agency of the Federal Government may assess.
SEC. 246. SMALL HYDROELECTRIC POWER PROJECTS.
Section 408(a)(6) of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act
of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2708(a)(6)) is amended by striking ‘‘April 20,
1977’’ and inserting ‘‘July 22, 2005’’.
Subtitle D—Insular Energy
SEC. 251. INSULAR AREAS ENERGY SECURITY.
Section 604 of the Act entitled ‘‘An Act to authorize appropriations for certain insular areas of the United States, and for other
purposes’’, approved December 24, 1980 (48 U.S.C. 1492), is
amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(4) by striking the period and inserting
a semicolon;
(2) by adding at the end of subsection (a) the following
new paragraphs:
‘‘(5) electric power transmission and distribution lines in
insular areas are inadequate to withstand damage caused by
the hurricanes and typhoons which frequently occur in insular
areas and such damage often costs millions of dollars to repair;
and
‘‘(6) the refinement of renewable energy technologies since
the publication of the 1982 Territorial Energy Assessment prepared pursuant to subsection (c) reveals the need to reassess
the state of energy production, consumption, infrastructure,
reliance on imported energy, opportunities for energy conservation and increased energy efficiency, and indigenous sources
in regard to the insular areas.’’;
(3) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
H. R. 6—87
‘‘(e)(1) The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the
Secretary of Energy and the head of government of each insular
area, shall update the plans required under subsection (c) by—
‘‘(A) updating the contents required by subsection (c);
‘‘(B) drafting long-term energy plans for such insular areas
with the objective of reducing, to the extent feasible, their
reliance on energy imports by the year 2012, increasing energy
conservation and energy efficiency, and maximizing, to the
extent feasible, use of indigenous energy sources; and
‘‘(C) drafting long-term energy transmission line plans for
such insular areas with the objective that the maximum
percentage feasible of electric power transmission and distribution lines in each insular area be protected from damage caused
by hurricanes and typhoons.
‘‘(2) In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary of Energy
shall identify and evaluate the strategies or projects with the
greatest potential for reducing the dependence on imported fossil
fuels as used for the generation of electricity, including strategies
and projects for—
‘‘(A) improved supply-side efficiency of centralized electrical
generation, transmission, and distribution systems;
‘‘(B) improved demand-side management through—
‘‘(i) the application of established standards for energy
efficiency for appliances;
‘‘(ii) the conduct of energy audits for business and
industrial customers; and
‘‘(iii) the use of energy savings performance contracts;
‘‘(C) increased use of renewable energy, including—
‘‘(i) solar thermal energy for electric generation;
‘‘(ii) solar thermal energy for water heating in large
buildings, such as hotels, hospitals, government buildings,
and residences;
‘‘(iii) photovoltaic energy;
‘‘(iv) wind energy;
‘‘(v) hydroelectric energy;
‘‘(vi) wave energy;
‘‘(vii) energy from ocean thermal resources, including
ocean thermal-cooling for community air conditioning;
‘‘(viii) water vapor condensation for the production of
potable water;
‘‘(ix) fossil fuel and renewable hybrid electrical generation systems; and
‘‘(x) other strategies or projects that the Secretary may
identify as having significant potential; and
‘‘(D) fuel substitution and minimization with indigenous
biofuels, such as coconut oil.
‘‘(3) In carrying out this subsection, for each insular area with
a significant need for distributed generation, the Secretary of
Energy shall identify and evaluate the most promising strategies
and projects described in subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph
(2) for meeting that need.
‘‘(4) In assessing the potential of any strategy or project under
paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Energy shall consider—
‘‘(A) the estimated cost of the power or energy to be produced, including—
‘‘(i) any additional costs associated with the distribution of the generation; and
H. R. 6—88
‘‘(ii) the long-term availability of the generation source;
‘‘(B) the capacity of the local electrical utility to manage,
operate, and maintain any project that may be undertaken;
and
‘‘(C) other factors the Secretary of Energy considers to
be appropriate.
‘‘(5) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of
this subsection, the Secretary of the Interior shall submit to the
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate, the
Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives, and the
Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives, the updated plans for each insular area required by this
subsection.’’; and
(4) by amending subsection (g)(4) to read as follows:
‘‘(4) POWER LINE GRANTS FOR INSULAR AREAS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Interior is
authorized to make grants to governments of insular areas
of the United States to carry out eligible projects to protect
electric power transmission and distribution lines in such
insular areas from damage caused by hurricanes and
typhoons.
‘‘(B) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS.—The Secretary of the Interior
may award grants under subparagraph (A) only to governments of insular areas of the United States that submit
written project plans to the Secretary for projects that
meet the following criteria:
‘‘(i) The project is designed to protect electric power
transmission and distribution lines located in 1 or more
of the insular areas of the United States from damage
caused by hurricanes and typhoons.
‘‘(ii) The project is likely to substantially reduce
the risk of future damage, hardship, loss, or suffering.
‘‘(iii) The project addresses 1 or more problems
that have been repetitive or that pose a significant
risk to public health and safety.
‘‘(iv) The project is not likely to cost more than
the value of the reduction in direct damage and other
negative impacts that the project is designed to prevent
or mitigate. The cost benefit analysis required by this
criterion shall be computed on a net present value
basis.
‘‘(v) The project design has taken into consideration
long-term changes to the areas and persons it is
designed to protect and has manageable future maintenance and modification requirements.
‘‘(vi) The project plan includes an analysis of a
range of options to address the problem it is designed
to prevent or mitigate and a justification for the selection of the project in light of that analysis.
‘‘(vii) The applicant has demonstrated to the Secretary that the matching funds required by subparagraph (D) are available.
‘‘(C) PRIORITY.—When making grants under this paragraph, the Secretary of the Interior shall give priority
to grants for projects which are likely to—
‘‘(i) have the greatest impact on reducing future
disaster losses; and
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‘‘(ii) best conform with plans that have been
approved by the Federal Government or the government of the insular area where the project is to be
carried out for development or hazard mitigation for
that insular area.
‘‘(D) MATCHING REQUIREMENT.—The Federal share of
the cost for a project for which a grant is provided under
this paragraph shall not exceed 75 percent of the total
cost of that project. The non-Federal share of the cost
may be provided in the form of cash or services.
‘‘(E) TREATMENT OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.—
Grants provided under this paragraph shall not be considered as income, a resource, or a duplicative program when
determining eligibility or benefit levels for Federal major
disaster and emergency assistance.
‘‘(F) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are
authorized to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph
$6,000,000 for each fiscal year beginning after the date
of the enactment of this paragraph.’’.
SEC. 252. PROJECTS ENHANCING INSULAR ENERGY INDEPENDENCE.
(a) PROJECT FEASIBILTY STUDIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—On a request described in paragraph
(2), the Secretary shall conduct a feasibility study of a project
to implement a strategy or project identified in the plans submitted to Congress pursuant to section 604 of the Act entitled
‘‘An Act to authorize appropriations for certain insular areas
of the United States, and for other purposes’’, approved
December 24, 1980 (48 U.S.C. 1492), as having the potential
to—
(A) significantly reduce the dependence of an insular
area on imported fossil fuels; or
(B) provide needed distributed generation to an insular
area.
(2) REQUEST.—The Secretary shall conduct a feasibility
study under paragraph (1) on—
(A) the request of an electric utility located in an
insular area that commits to fund at least 10 percent
of the cost of the study; and
(B) if the electric utility is located in the Federated
States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands,
or the Republic of Palau, written support for that request
by the President or the Ambassador of the affected freely
associated state.
(3) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary shall consult with
regional utility organizations in—
(A) conducting feasibility studies under paragraph (1);
and
(B) determining the feasibility of potential projects.
(4) FEASIBILITY.—For the purpose of a feasibility study
under paragraph (1), a project shall be determined to be feasible
if the project would significantly reduce the dependence of
an insular area on imported fossil fuels, or provide needed
distributed generation to an insular area, at a reasonable cost.
(b) IMPLEMENTATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—On a determination by the Secretary
(in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior) that a project
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is feasible under subsection (a) and a commitment by an electric
utility to operate and maintain the project, the Secretary may
provide such technical and financial assistance as the Secretary
determines is appropriate for the implementation of the project.
(2) REGIONAL UTILITY ORGANIZATIONS.—In providing assistance under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider providing the assistance through regional utility organizations.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—There are authorized to be appropriated
to the Secretary—
(A) $500,000 for each fiscal year for project feasibility
studies under subsection (a); and
(B) $4,000,000 for each fiscal year for project
implementation under subsection (b).
(2) LIMITATION OF FUNDS RECEIVED BY INSULAR AREAS.—
No insular area may receive, during any 3-year period, more
than 20 percent of the total funds made available during that
3-year period under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph
(1) unless the Secretary determines that providing funding
in excess of that percentage best advances existing opportunities to meet the objectives of this section.
TITLE III—OIL AND GAS
Subtitle A—Petroleum Reserve and Home
Heating Oil
SEC. 301. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO OPERATE THE STRATEGIC
PETROLEUM RESERVE AND OTHER ENERGY PROGRAMS.
(a) AMENDMENT TO
SERVATION ACT.—Title
TITLE I OF THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONI of the Energy Policy and Conservation
Act (42 U.S.C. 6212 et seq.) is amended—
(1) by striking section 166 (42 U.S.C. 6246) and inserting
the following:
‘‘AUTHORIZATION
OF APPROPRIATIONS
‘‘SEC. 166. There are authorized to be appropriated to the
Secretary such sums as are necessary to carry out this part and
part D, to remain available until expended.’’;
(2) by striking section 186 (42 U.S.C. 6250e); and
(3) by striking part E (42 U.S.C. 6251).
(b) AMENDMENT TO TITLE II OF THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT.—Title II of the Energy Policy and Conservation
Act (42 U.S.C. 6271 et seq.) is amended—
(1) by inserting before section 273 (42 U.S.C. 6283) the
following:
‘‘PART C—SUMMER FILL AND FUEL
BUDGETING PROGRAMS’’;
(2) by striking section 273(e) (42 U.S.C. 6283(e)); and
(3) by striking part D (42 U.S.C. 6285).
(c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.—The table of contents for the
Energy Policy and Conservation Act is amended—
H. R. 6—91
(1) by inserting after the items relating to part C of title
I the following:
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
181.
182.
183.
184.
185.
‘‘PART D—NORTHEAST HOME HEATING OIL RESERVE
Establishment.
Authority.
Conditions for release; plan.
Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Account.
Exemptions.’’;
(2) by amending the items relating to part C of title II
to read as follows:
‘‘PART C—SUMMER FILL AND FUEL BUDGETING PROGRAMS
‘‘Sec. 273. Summer fill and fuel budgeting programs.’’;
and
(3) by striking the items relating to part D of title II.
(d) AMENDMENT TO THE ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION
ACT.—Section 183(b)(1) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act
(42 U.S.C. 6250b(b)(1)) is amended by striking ‘‘by more’’ and all
that follows through ‘‘mid-October through March’’ and inserting
‘‘by more than 60 percent over its 5-year rolling average for the
months of mid-October through March (considered as a heating
season average)’’.
(e) FILL STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE TO CAPACITY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall, as expeditiously as
practicable, without incurring excessive cost or appreciably
affecting the price of petroleum products to consumers, acquire
petroleum in quantities sufficient to fill the Strategic Petroleum
Reserve to the 1,000,000,000-barrel capacity authorized under
section 154(a) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42
U.S.C. 6234(a)), in accordance with the sections 159 and 160
of that Act (42 U.S.C. 6239, 6240).
(2) PROCEDURES.—
(A) AMENDMENT.—Section 160 of the Energy Policy
and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6240) is amended by
inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:
‘‘(c) PROCEDURES.—The Secretary shall develop, with public
notice and opportunity for comment, procedures consistent with
the objectives of this section to acquire petroleum for the Reserve.
Such procedures shall take into account the need to—
‘‘(1) maximize overall domestic supply of crude oil
(including quantities stored in private sector inventories);
‘‘(2) avoid incurring excessive cost or appreciably affecting
the price of petroleum products to consumers;
‘‘(3) minimize the costs to the Department of the Interior
and the Department of Energy in acquiring such petroleum
products (including foregone revenues to the Treasury when
petroleum products for the Reserve are obtained through the
royalty-in-kind program);
‘‘(4) protect national security;
‘‘(5) avoid adversely affecting current and futures prices,
supplies, and inventories of oil; and
‘‘(6) address other factors that the Secretary determines
to be appropriate.’’.
(B) REVIEW OF REQUESTS FOR DEFERRALS OF SCHEDULED DELIVERIES.—The procedures developed under section
160(c) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as added
by subparagraph (A), shall include procedures and criteria
H. R. 6—92
for the review of requests for the deferrals of scheduled
deliveries.
(C) DEADLINES.—The Secretary shall—
(i) propose the procedures required under the
amendment made by subparagraph (A) not later than
120 days after the date of enactment of this Act;
(ii) promulgate the procedures not later than 180
days after the date of enactment of this Act; and
(iii) comply with the procedures in acquiring petroleum for the Reserve effective beginning on the date
that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this
Act.
SEC. 302. NATIONAL OILHEAT RESEARCH ALLIANCE.
Section 713 of the Energy Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–469;
42 U.S.C. 6201 note) is amended by striking ‘‘4’’ and inserting
‘‘9’’.
SEC. 303. SITE SELECTION.
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this
Act, the Secretary shall complete a proceeding to select, from sites
that the Secretary has previously studied, sites necessary to enable
acquisition by the Secretary of the full authorized volume of the
Strategic Petroleum Reserve. In such proceeding, the Secretary
shall first consider and give preference to the five sites which
the Secretary previously assessed in the Draft Environmental
Impact Statement, DOE/EIS–0165–D. However, the Secretary in
his discretion may select other sites as proposed by a State where
a site has been previously studied by the Secretary to meet the
full authorized volume of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Subtitle B—Natural Gas
SEC. 311. EXPORTATION OR IMPORTATION OF NATURAL GAS.
(a) SCOPE OF NATURAL GAS ACT.—Section 1(b) of the Natural
Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717(b)) is amended by inserting ‘‘and to the
importation or exportation of natural gas in foreign commerce and
to persons engaged in such importation or exportation,’’ after ‘‘such
transportation or sale,’’.
(b) DEFINITION.—Section 2 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C.
717a) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
‘‘(11) ‘LNG terminal’ includes all natural gas facilities
located onshore or in State waters that are used to receive,
unload, load, store, transport, gasify, liquefy, or process natural
gas that is imported to the United States from a foreign country,
exported to a foreign country from the United States, or transported in interstate commerce by waterborne vessel, but does
not include—
‘‘(A) waterborne vessels used to deliver natural gas
to or from any such facility; or
‘‘(B) any pipeline or storage facility subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission under section 7.’’.
(c) AUTHORIZATION FOR SITING, CONSTRUCTION, EXPANSION, OR
OPERATION OF LNG TERMINALS.—(1) The title for section 3 of the
Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) is amended by inserting ‘‘; LNG
TERMINALS’’ after ‘‘EXPORTATION OR IMPORTATION OF NATURAL GAS’’.
H. R. 6—93
(2) Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) is
amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(d) Except as specifically provided in this Act, nothing in
this Act affects the rights of States under—
‘‘(1) the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C.
1451 et seq.);
‘‘(2) the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.); or
‘‘(3) the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C.
1251 et seq.).
‘‘(e)(1) The Commission shall have the exclusive authority to
approve or deny an application for the siting, construction, expansion, or operation of an LNG terminal. Except as specifically provided in this Act, nothing in this Act is intended to affect otherwise
applicable law related to any Federal agency’s authorities or responsibilities related to LNG terminals.
‘‘(2) Upon the filing of any application to site, construct, expand,
or operate an LNG terminal, the Commission shall—
‘‘(A) set the matter for hearing;
‘‘(B) give reasonable notice of the hearing to all interested
persons, including the State commission of the State in which
the LNG terminal is located and, if not the same, the Governorappointed State agency described in section 3A;
‘‘(C) decide the matter in accordance with this subsection;
and
‘‘(D) issue or deny the appropriate order accordingly.
‘‘(3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the Commission
may approve an application described in paragraph (2), in whole
or part, with such modifications and upon such terms and conditions
as the Commission find necessary or appropriate.
‘‘(B) Before January 1, 2015, the Commission shall not—
‘‘(i) deny an application solely on the basis that the
applicant proposes to use the LNG terminal exclusively or
partially for gas that the applicant or an affiliate of the
applicant will supply to the facility; or
‘‘(ii) condition an order on—
‘‘(I) a requirement that the LNG terminal offer service
to customers other than the applicant, or any affiliate
of the applicant, securing the order;
‘‘(II) any regulation of the rates, charges, terms, or
conditions of service of the LNG terminal; or
‘‘(III) a requirement to file with the Commission schedules or contracts related to the rates, charges, terms, or
conditions of service of the LNG terminal.
‘‘(C) Subparagraph (B) shall cease to have effect on January
1, 2030.
‘‘(4) An order issued for an LNG terminal that also offers
service to customers on an open access basis shall not result in
subsidization of expansion capacity by existing customers, degradation of service to existing customers, or undue discrimination
against existing customers as to their terms or conditions of service
at the facility, as all of those terms are defined by the Commission.
‘‘(f)(1) In this subsection, the term ‘military installation’—
‘‘(A) means a base, camp, post, range, station, yard, center,
or homeport facility for any ship or other activity under the
jurisdiction of the Department of Defense, including any leased
facility, that is located within a State, the District of Columbia,
or any territory of the United States; and
H. R. 6—94
‘‘(B) does not include any facility used primarily for civil
works, rivers and harbors projects, or flood control projects,
as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
‘‘(2) The Commission shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the Secretary of Defense for the purpose of ensuring
that the Commission coordinate and consult with the Secretary
of Defense on the siting, construction, expansion, or operation of
liquefied natural gas facilities that may affect an active military
installation.
‘‘(3) The Commission shall obtain the concurrence of the Secretary of Defense before authorizing the siting, construction, expansion, or operation of liquefied natural gas facilities affecting the
training or activities of an active military installation.’’.
(d) LNG TERMINAL STATE AND LOCAL SAFETY CONCERNS.—
After section 3 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) insert
the following:
‘‘STATE
AND LOCAL SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
‘‘SEC. 3A. (a) The Commission shall promulgate regulations
on the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321
et seq.) pre-filing process within 60 days after the date of enactment
of this section. An applicant shall comply with pre-filing process
required under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
prior to filing an application with the Commission. The regulations
shall require that the pre-filing process commence at least 6 months
prior to the filing of an application for authorization to construct
an LNG terminal and encourage applicants to cooperate with State
and local officials.
‘‘(b) The Governor of a State in which an LNG terminal is
proposed to be located shall designate the appropriate State agency
for the purposes of consulting with the Commission regarding an
application under section 3. The Commission shall consult with
such State agency regarding State and local safety considerations
prior to issuing an order pursuant to section 3. For the purposes
of this section, State and local safety considerations include—
‘‘(1) the kind and use of the facility;
‘‘(2) the existing and projected population and demographic
characteristics of the location;
‘‘(3) the existing and proposed land use near the location;
‘‘(4) the natural and physical aspects of the location;
‘‘(5) the emergency response capabilities near the facility
location; and
‘‘(6) the need to encourage remote siting.
‘‘(c) The State agency may furnish an advisory report on State
and local safety considerations to the Commission with respect
to an application no later than 30 days after the application was
filed with the Commission. Before issuing an order authorizing
an applicant to site, construct, expand, or operate an LNG terminal,
the Commission shall review and respond specifically to the issues
raised by the State agency described in subsection (b) in the
advisory report. This subsection shall apply to any application filed
after the date of enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.
A State agency has 30 days after such date of enactment to file
an advisory report related to any applications pending at the
Commission as of such date of enactment.
‘‘(d) The State commission of the State in which an LNG terminal is located may, after the terminal is operational, conduct
H. R. 6—95
safety inspections in conformance with Federal regulations and
guidelines with respect to the LNG terminal upon written notice
to the Commission. The State commission may notify the Commission of any alleged safety violations. The Commission shall transmit
information regarding such allegations to the appropriate Federal
agency, which shall take appropriate action and notify the State
commission.
‘‘(e)(1) In any order authorizing an LNG terminal the Commission shall require the LNG terminal operator to develop an Emergency Response Plan. The Emergency Response Plan shall be prepared in consultation with the United States Coast Guard and
State and local agencies and be approved by the Commission prior
to any final approval to begin construction. The Plan shall include
a cost-sharing plan.
‘‘(2) A cost-sharing plan developed under paragraph (1) shall
include a description of any direct cost reimbursements that the
applicant agrees to provide to any State and local agencies with
responsibility for security and safety—
‘‘(A) at the LNG terminal; and
‘‘(B) in proximity to vessels that serve the facility.’’.
SEC. 312. NEW NATURAL GAS STORAGE FACILITIES.
Section 4 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717c) is amended
by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(f)(1) In exercising its authority under this Act or the Natural
Gas Policy Act of 1978 (15 U.S.C. 3301 et seq.), the Commission
may authorize a natural gas company (or any person that will
be a natural gas company on completion of any proposed construction) to provide storage and storage-related services at marketbased rates for new storage capacity related to a specific facility
placed in service after the date of enactment of the Energy Policy
Act of 2005, notwithstanding the fact that the company is unable
to demonstrate that the company lacks market power, if the
Commission determines that—
‘‘(A) market-based rates are in the public interest and
necessary to encourage the construction of the storage capacity
in the area needing storage services; and
‘‘(B) customers are adequately protected.
‘‘(2) The Commission shall ensure that reasonable terms and
conditions are in place to protect consumers.
‘‘(3) If the Commission authorizes a natural gas company to
charge market-based rates under this subsection, the Commission
shall review periodically whether the market-based rate is just,
reasonable, and not unduly discriminatory or preferential.’’.
SEC. 313. PROCESS COORDINATION; HEARINGS; RULES OF PROCEDURE.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 15 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C.
717n) is amended—
(1) by striking the section heading and inserting ‘‘PROCESS
COORDINATION; HEARINGS; RULES OF PROCEDURE’’;
(2) by redesignating subsections (a) and (b) as subsections
(e) and (f), respectively; and
(3) by striking ‘‘SEC. 15.’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 15.(a) In this section, the term ‘Federal authorization’—
‘‘(1) means any authorization required under Federal law
with respect to an application for authorization under section
H. R. 6—96
3 or a certificate of public convenience and necessity under
section 7; and
‘‘(2) includes any permits, special use authorizations, certifications, opinions, or other approvals as may be required under
Federal law with respect to an application for authorization
under section 3 or a certificate of public convenience and necessity under section 7.
‘‘(b) DESIGNATION AS LEAD AGENCY.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Commission shall act as the lead
agency for the purposes of coordinating all applicable Federal
authorizations and for the purposes of complying with the
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321
et seq.).
‘‘(2) OTHER AGENCIES.—Each Federal and State agency considering an aspect of an application for Federal authorization
shall cooperate with the Commission and comply with the deadlines established by the Commission.
‘‘(c) SCHEDULE.—
‘‘(1) COMMISSION AUTHORITY TO SET SCHEDULE.—The
Commission shall establish a schedule for all Federal authorizations. In establishing the schedule, the Commission shall—
‘‘(A) ensure expeditious completion of all such proceedings; and
‘‘(B) comply with applicable schedules established by
Federal law.
‘‘(2) FAILURE TO MEET SCHEDULE.—If a Federal or State
administrative agency does not complete a proceeding for an
approval that is required for a Federal authorization in accordance with the schedule established by the Commission, the
applicant may pursue remedies under section 19(d).
‘‘(d) CONSOLIDATED RECORD.—The Commission shall, with the
cooperation of Federal and State administrative agencies and officials, maintain a complete consolidated record of all decisions made
or actions taken by the Commission or by a Federal administrative
agency or officer (or State administrative agency or officer acting
under delegated Federal authority) with respect to any Federal
authorization. Such record shall be the record for—
‘‘(1) appeals or reviews under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq.), provided that the
record may be supplemented as expressly provided pursuant
to section 319 of that Act; or
‘‘(2) judicial review under section 19(d) of decisions made
or actions taken of Federal and State administrative agencies
and officials, provided that, if the Court determines that the
record does not contain sufficient information, the Court may
remand the proceeding to the Commission for further development of the consolidated record.’’.
(b) JUDICIAL REVIEW.—Section 19 of the Natural Gas Act (15
U.S.C. 717r) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(d) JUDICIAL REVIEW.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The United States Court of Appeals
for the circuit in which a facility subject to section 3 or section
7 is proposed to be constructed, expanded, or operated shall
have original and exclusive jurisdiction over any civil action
for the review of an order or action of a Federal agency (other
than the Commission) or State administrative agency acting
pursuant to Federal law to issue, condition, or deny any permit,
H. R. 6—97
license, concurrence, or approval (hereinafter collectively
referred to as ‘permit’) required under Federal law, other than
the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1451
et seq.).
‘‘(2) AGENCY DELAY.—The United States Court of Appeals
for the District of Columbia shall have original and exclusive
jurisdiction over any civil action for the review of an alleged
failure to act by a Federal agency (other than the Commission)
or State administrative agency acting pursuant to Federal law
to issue, condition, or deny any permit required under Federal
law, other than the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972
(16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq.), for a facility subject to section 3
or section 7. The failure of an agency to take action on a
permit required under Federal law, other than the Coastal
Zone Management Act of 1972, in accordance with the Commission schedule established pursuant to section 15(c) shall be
considered inconsistent with Federal law for the purposes of
paragraph (3).
‘‘(3) COURT ACTION.—If the Court finds that such order
or action is inconsistent with the Federal law governing such
permit and would prevent the construction, expansion, or operation of the facility subject to section 3 or section 7, the Court
shall remand the proceeding to the agency to take appropriate
action consistent with the order of the Court. If the Court
remands the order or action to the Federal or State agency,
the Court shall set a reasonable schedule and deadline for
the agency to act on remand.
‘‘(4) COMMISSION ACTION.—For any action described in this
subsection, the Commission shall file with the Court the consolidated record of such order or action to which the appeal hereunder relates.
‘‘(5) EXPEDITED REVIEW.—The Court shall set any action
brought under this subsection for expedited consideration.’’.
SEC. 314. PENALTIES.
(a) CRIMINAL PENALTIES.—
(1) NATURAL GAS ACT.—Section 21 of the Natural Gas Act
(15 U.S.C. 717t) is amended—
(A) in subsection (a)—
(i) by striking ‘‘$5,000’’ and inserting ‘‘$1,000,000’’;
and
(ii) by striking ‘‘two years’’ and inserting ‘‘5 years’’;
and
(B) in subsection (b), by striking ‘‘$500’’ and inserting
‘‘$50,000’’.
(2) NATURAL GAS POLICY ACT OF 1978.—Section 504(c) of
the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 (15 U.S.C. 3414(c)) is
amended—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘$5,000’’ and
inserting ‘‘$1,000,000’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘two years’’
and inserting ‘‘5 years’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘$500 for each violation’’ and inserting ‘‘$50,000 for each day on which the
offense occurs’’.
(b) CIVIL PENALTIES.—
H. R. 6—98
(1) NATURAL GAS ACT.—The Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C.
717 et seq.) is amended—
(A) by redesignating sections 22 through 24 as sections
24 through 26, respectively; and
(B) by inserting after section 21 (15 U.S.C. 717t) the
following:
‘‘CIVIL
PENALTY AUTHORITY
‘‘SEC. 22. (a) Any person that violates this Act, or any rule,
regulation, restriction, condition, or order made or imposed by the
Commission under authority of this Act, shall be subject to a
civil penalty of not more than $1,000,000 per day per violation
for as long as the violation continues.
‘‘(b) The penalty shall be assessed by the Commission after
notice and opportunity for public hearing.
‘‘(c) In determining the amount of a proposed penalty, the
Commission shall take into consideration the nature and seriousness of the violation and the efforts to remedy the violation.’’.
(2) NATURAL GAS POLICY ACT OF 1978.—Section 504(b)(6)(A)
of the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 (15 U.S.C. 3414(b)(6)(A))
is amended—
(A) in clause (i), by striking ‘‘$5,000’’ and inserting
‘‘$1,000,000’’; and
(B) in clause (ii), by striking ‘‘$25,000’’ and inserting
‘‘$1,000,000’’.
SEC. 315. MARKET MANIPULATION.
The Natural Gas Act is amended by inserting after section
4 (15 U.S.C. 717c) the following:
‘‘PROHIBITION
ON MARKET MANIPULATION
‘‘SEC. 4A. It shall be unlawful for any entity, directly or
indirectly, to use or employ, in connection with the purchase or
sale of natural gas or the purchase or sale of transportation services
subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission, any manipulative
or deceptive device or contrivance (as those terms are used in
section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C.
78j(b))) in contravention of such rules and regulations as the
Commission may prescribe as necessary in the public interest or
for the protection of natural gas ratepayers. Nothing in this section
shall be construed to create a private right of action.’’.
SEC. 316. NATURAL GAS MARKET TRANSPARENCY RULES.
The Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.) is amended by
inserting after section 22 the following:
‘‘NATURAL
GAS MARKET TRANSPARENCY RULES
‘‘SEC. 23. (a)(1) The Commission is directed to facilitate price
transparency in markets for the sale or transportation of physical
natural gas in interstate commerce, having due regard for the
public interest, the integrity of those markets, fair competition,
and the protection of consumers.
‘‘(2) The Commission may prescribe such rules as the Commission determines necessary and appropriate to carry out the purposes
of this section. The rules shall provide for the dissemination, on
a timely basis, of information about the availability and prices
H. R. 6—99
of natural gas sold at wholesale and in interstate commerce to
the Commission, State commissions, buyers and sellers of wholesale
natural gas, and the public.
‘‘(3) The Commission may—
‘‘(A) obtain the information described in paragraph (2) from
any market participant; and
‘‘(B) rely on entities other than the Commission to receive
and make public the information, subject to the disclosure
rules in subsection (b).
‘‘(4) In carrying out this section, the Commission shall consider
the degree of price transparency provided by existing price publishers and providers of trade processing services, and shall rely
on such publishers and services to the maximum extent possible.
The Commission may establish an electronic information system
if it determines that existing price publications are not adequately
providing price discovery or market transparency.
‘‘(b)(1) Rules described in subsection (a)(2), if adopted, shall
exempt from disclosure information the Commission determines
would, if disclosed, be detrimental to the operation of an effective
market or jeopardize system security.
‘‘(2) In determining the information to be made available under
this section and the time to make the information available, the
Commission shall seek to ensure that consumers and competitive
markets are protected from the adverse effects of potential collusion
or other anticompetitive behaviors that can be facilitated by
untimely public disclosure of transaction-specific information.
‘‘(c)(1) Within 180 days of enactment of this section, the
Commission shall conclude a memorandum of understanding with
the Commodity Futures Trading Commission relating to information sharing, which shall include, among other things, provisions
ensuring that information requests to markets within the respective
jurisdiction of each agency are properly coordinated to minimize
duplicative information requests, and provisions regarding the
treatment of proprietary trading information.
‘‘(2) Nothing in this section may be construed to limit or affect
the exclusive jurisdiction of the Commodity Futures Trading
Commission under the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et
seq.).
‘‘(d)(1) The Commission shall not condition access to interstate
pipeline transportation on the reporting requirements of this section.
‘‘(2) The Commission shall not require natural gas producers,
processors, or users who have a de minimis market presence to
comply with the reporting requirements of this section.
‘‘(e)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no person shall
be subject to any civil penalty under this section with respect
to any violation occurring more than 3 years before the date on
which the person is provided notice of the proposed penalty under
section 22(b).
‘‘(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply in any case in which the
Commission finds that a seller that has entered into a contract
for the transportation or sale of natural gas subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission has engaged in fraudulent market manipulation activities materially affecting the contract in violation of section
4A.’’.
H. R. 6—100
SEC. 317. FEDERAL-STATE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FORUMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation and consultation
with the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Homeland
Security, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and the Governors of the Coastal States, shall convene not less than 3 forums
on liquefied natural gas.
(b) REQUIREMENTS.—The forums shall—
(1) be located in areas where liquefied natural gas facilities
are under consideration;
(2) be designed to foster dialogue among Federal officials,
State and local officials, the general public, independent
experts, and industry representatives; and
(3) at a minimum, provide an opportunity for public education and dialogue on—
(A) the role of liquefied natural gas in meeting current
and future United States energy supply requirements and
demand, in the context of the full range of energy supply
options;
(B) the Federal and State siting and permitting processes;
(C) the potential risks and rewards associated with
importing liquefied natural gas;
(D) the Federal safety and environmental requirements
(including regulations) applicable to liquefied natural gas;
(E) prevention, mitigation, and response strategies for
liquefied natural gas hazards; and
(F) additional issues as appropriate.
(c) PURPOSE.—The purpose of the forums shall be to identify
and develop best practices for addressing the issues and challenges
associated with liquefied natural gas imports, building on existing
cooperative efforts.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section.
SEC. 318. PROHIBITION OF TRADING AND SERVING BY CERTAIN
INDIVIDUALS.
Section 20 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717s) is amended
by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(d) In any proceedings under subsection (a), the court may
prohibit, conditionally or unconditionally, and permanently or for
such period of time as the court determines, any individual who
is engaged or has engaged in practices constituting a violation
of section 4A (including related rules and regulations) from—
‘‘(1) acting as an officer or director of a natural gas company; or
‘‘(2) engaging in the business of—
‘‘(A) the purchasing or selling of natural gas; or
‘‘(B) the purchasing or selling of transmission services
subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission.’’.
H. R. 6—101
Subtitle C—Production
SEC. 321. OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF PROVISIONS.
(a) STORAGE ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF.—Section
5(a)(5) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C.
1334(a)(5)) is amended by inserting ‘‘from any source’’ after ‘‘oil
and gas’’.
(b) NATURAL GAS DEFINED.—Section 3(13) of the Deepwater
Port Act of 1974 (33 U.S.C. 1502(13)) is amended by adding at
the end before the semicolon the following: ‘‘, natural gas liquids,
liquefied petroleum gas, and condensate recovered from natural
gas’’.
SEC. 322. HYDRAULIC FRACTURING.
Paragraph (1) of section 1421(d) of the Safe Drinking Water
Act (42 U.S.C. 300h(d)) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘(1) UNDERGROUND INJECTION.—The term ‘underground
injection’—
‘‘(A) means the subsurface emplacement of fluids by
well injection; and
‘‘(B) excludes—
‘‘(i) the underground injection of natural gas for
purposes of storage; and
‘‘(ii) the underground injection of fluids or propping
agents (other than diesel fuels) pursuant to hydraulic
fracturing operations related to oil, gas, or geothermal
production activities.’’.
SEC. 323. OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION DEFINED.
Section 502 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33
U.S.C. 1362) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(24) OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION.—The
term ‘oil and gas exploration, production, processing, or treatment operations or transmission facilities’ means all field activities or operations associated with exploration, production, processing, or treatment operations, or transmission facilities,
including activities necessary to prepare a site for drilling and
for the movement and placement of drilling equipment, whether
or not such field activities or operations may be considered
to be construction activities.’’.
Subtitle D—Naval Petroleum Reserve
SEC.
331.
TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE JURISDICTION AND
ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION, NAVAL PETROLEUM
RESERVE NUMBERED 2, KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA.
(a) ADMINISTRATION JURISDICTION TRANSFER TO SECRETARY OF
INTERIOR.—Effective on the date of the enactment of this
Act, administrative jurisdiction and control over all public domain
lands included within Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 located
in Kern County, California (other than the lands specified in subsection (b)), are transferred from the Secretary to the Secretary
of the Interior for management, subject to subsection (c), in accordance with the laws governing management of the public lands,
and the regulations promulgated under such laws, including the
THE
H. R. 6—102
Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.) and the Federal Land
Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
(b) EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN RESERVE LANDS.—The transfer of
administrative jurisdiction made by subsection (a) does not include
the following lands:
(1) That portion of Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered
2 authorized for disposal under section 3403(a) of the Strom
Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year
1999 (Public Law 105–261; 10 U.S.C. 7420 note).
(2) That portion of the surface estate of Naval Petroleum
Reserve Numbered 2 conveyed to the City of Taft, California,
by section 333.
(c) PURPOSE OF TRANSFER.—
(1) PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCES.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the principal purpose
of the lands subject to transfer under subsection (a) is the
production of hydrocarbon resources, and the Secretary of the
Interior shall manage the lands in a fashion consistent with
this purpose. In managing the lands, the Secretary of the
Interior shall regulate operations to prevent unnecessary degradation and to provide for ultimate economic recovery of the
resources.
(2) DISPOSAL AUTHORITY AND SURFACE USE.—The Secretary
of the Interior may make disposals of lands subject to transfer
under subsection (a), or allow commercial or non-profit surface
use of such lands, not to exceed 10 acres each, so long as
the disposals or surface uses do not materially interfere with
the ultimate economic recovery of the hydrocarbon resources
of such lands. All revenues received from the disposal of lands
under this paragraph or from allowing the surface use of such
lands shall be deposited in the Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 Lease Revenue Account established by section 332.
(d) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 3403 of the Strom
Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999
(Public Law 105–261; 10 U.S.C. 7420 note) is amended by striking
subsection (b).
SEC. 332. NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVE NUMBERED 2 LEASE REVENUE
ACCOUNT.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is established in the Treasury a
special deposit account to be known as the ‘‘Naval Petroleum
Reserve Numbered 2 Lease Revenue Account’’ (in this section
referred to as the ‘‘lease revenue account’’). The lease revenue
account is a revolving account, and amounts in the lease revenue
account shall be available to the Secretary of the Interior, without
further appropriation, for the purposes specified in subsection (b).
(b) PURPOSES OF ACCOUNT.—
(1) ENVIRONMENTAL-RELATED COSTS.—The lease revenue
account shall be the sole and exclusive source of funds to
pay for any and all costs and expenses incurred by the United
States for—
(A) environmental investigations (other than any
environmental investigations that were conducted by the
Secretary before the transfer of the Naval Petroleum
Reserve Numbered 2 lands under section 331), remediation,
compliance actions, response, waste management, impediments, fines or penalties, or any other costs or expenses
H. R. 6—103
of any kind arising from, or relating to, conditions existing
on or below the Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2
lands, or activities occurring or having occurred on such
lands, on or before the date of the transfer of such lands;
and
(B) any future remediation necessitated as a result
of pre-transfer and leasing activities on such lands.
(2) TRANSITION COSTS.—The lease revenue account shall
also be available for use by the Secretary of the Interior to
pay for transition costs incurred by the Department of the
Interior associated with the transfer and leasing of the Naval
Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 lands.
(c) FUNDING.—The lease revenue account shall consist of the
following:
(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for a period
of three years after the date of the transfer of the Naval
Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 lands under section 331, the
sum of $500,000 per year of revenue from leases entered into
before that date, including bonuses, rents, royalties, and
interest charges collected pursuant to the Federal Oil and Gas
Royalty Management Act of 1982 (30 U.S.C. 1701 et. seq.),
derived from the Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 lands,
shall be deposited into the lease revenue account.
(2) Subject to subsection (d), all revenues derived from
leases on Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 lands issued
on or after the date of the transfer of such lands, including
bonuses, rents, royalties, and interest charges collected pursuant to the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management Act of
1982 (30 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), shall be deposited into the
lease revenue account.
(d) LIMITATION.—Funds in the lease revenue account shall not
exceed $3,000,000 at any one time. Whenever funds in the lease
revenue account are obligated or expended so that the balance
in the account falls below that amount, lease revenues referred
to in subsection (c)(2) shall be deposited in the account to maintain
a balance of $3,000,000.
(e) TERMINATION OF ACCOUNT.—At such time as the Secretary
of the Interior certifies that remediation of all environmental
contamination of Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 2 lands in
existence as of the date of the transfer of such lands under section
331 has been successfully completed, that all costs and expenses
of investigation, remediation, compliance actions, response, waste
management, impediments, fines, or penalties associated with
environmental contamination of such lands in existence as of the
date of the transfer have been paid in full, and that the transition
costs of the Department of the Interior referred to in subsection
(b)(2) have been paid in full, the lease revenue account shall be
terminated and any remaining funds shall be distributed in accordance with subsection (f).
(f) DISTRIBUTION OF REMAINING FUNDS.—Section 35 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191) shall apply to the payment and
distribution of all funds remaining in the lease revenue account
upon its termination under subsection (e).
H. R. 6—104
SEC. 333. LAND CONVEYANCE, PORTION OF NAVAL PETROLEUM
RESERVE NUMBERED 2, TO CITY OF TAFT, CALIFORNIA.
(a) CONVEYANCE.—Effective on the date of the enactment of
this Act, there is conveyed to the City of Taft, California (in this
section referred to as the ‘‘City’’), all surface right, title, and interest
of the United States in and to a parcel of real property consisting
of approximately 220 acres located in the NE1⁄4, the NE1⁄4 of the
NW1⁄4, and the N1⁄2 of the SE1⁄4 of the NW1⁄4 of section 18, township
32 south, range 24 east, Mount Diablo meridian, Kern County,
California.
(b) CONSIDERATION.—The conveyance under subsection (a) is
made without the payment of consideration by the City.
(c) TREATMENT OF EXISTING RIGHTS.—The conveyance under
subsection (a) is subject to valid existing rights, including Federal
oil and gas lease SAC–019577.
(d) TREATMENT OF MINERALS.—All coal, oil, gas, and other
minerals within the lands conveyed under subsection (a) are
reserved to the United States, except that the United States and
its lessees, licensees, permittees, or assignees shall have no right
of surface use or occupancy of the lands. Nothing in this subsection
shall be construed to require the United States or its lessees,
licensees, permittees, or assignees to support the surface of the
conveyed lands.
(e) INDEMNIFY AND HOLD HARMLESS.—The City shall indemnify,
defend, and hold harmless the United States for, from, and against,
and the City shall assume all responsibility for, any and all liability
of any kind or nature, including all loss, cost, expense, or damage,
arising from the City’s use or occupancy of, or operations on, the
land conveyed under subsection (a), whether such use or occupancy
of, or operations on, occurred before or occur after the date of
the enactment of this Act.
(f) INSTRUMENT OF CONVEYANCE.—Not later than 1 year after
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall execute,
file, and cause to be recorded in the appropriate office a deed
or other appropriate instrument documenting the conveyance made
by this section.
SEC. 334. REVOCATION OF LAND WITHDRAWAL.
Effective on the date of the enactment of this Act, the Executive
Order of December 13, 1912, which created Naval Petroleum
Reserve Numbered 2, is revoked in its entirety.
Subtitle E—Production Incentives
SEC. 341. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY.
In this subtitle, the term ‘‘Secretary’’ means the Secretary
of the Interior.
SEC. 342. PROGRAM ON OIL AND GAS ROYALTIES IN-KIND.
(a) APPLICABILITY OF SECTION.—Notwithstanding any other
provision of law, this section applies to all royalty in-kind accepted
by the Secretary on or after the date of enactment of this Act
under any Federal oil or gas lease or permit under—
(1) section 36 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 192);
(2) section 27 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
(43 U.S.C. 1353); or
H. R. 6—105
(3) any other Federal law governing leasing of Federal
land for oil and gas development.
(b) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.—All royalty accruing to the United
States shall, on the demand of the Secretary, be paid in-kind.
If the Secretary makes such a demand, the following provisions
apply to the payment:
(1) SATISFACTION OF ROYALTY OBLIGATION.—Delivery by,
or on behalf of, the lessee of the royalty amount and quality
due under the lease satisfies royalty obligation of the lessee
for the amount delivered, except that transportation and processing reimbursements paid to, or deductions claimed by, the
lessee shall be subject to review and audit.
(2) MARKETABLE CONDITION.—
(A) DEFINITION OF MARKETABLE CONDITION.—In this
paragraph, the term ‘‘in marketable condition’’ means sufficiently free from impurities and otherwise in a condition
that the royalty production will be accepted by a purchaser
under a sales contract typical of the field or area in which
the royalty production was produced.
(B) REQUIREMENT.—Royalty production shall be placed
in marketable condition by the lessee at no cost to the
United States.
(3) DISPOSITION BY THE SECRETARY.—The Secretary may—
(A) sell or otherwise dispose of any royalty production
taken in-kind (other than oil or gas transferred under
section 27(a)(3) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
(43 U.S.C. 1353(a)(3)) for not less than the market price;
and
(B) transport or process (or both) any royalty production taken in-kind.
(4) RETENTION BY THE SECRETARY.—The Secretary may,
notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, United States Code,
retain and use a portion of the revenues from the sale of
oil and gas taken in-kind that otherwise would be deposited
to miscellaneous receipts, without regard to fiscal year limitation, or may use oil or gas received as royalty taken in-kind
(referred to in this paragraph as ‘‘royalty production’’) to pay
the cost of—
(A) transporting the royalty production;
(B) processing the royalty production;
(C) disposing of the royalty production; or
(D) any combination of transporting, processing, and
disposing of the royalty production.
(5) LIMITATION.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph
(B), the Secretary may not use revenues from the sale
of oil and gas taken in-kind to pay for personnel, travel,
or other administrative costs of the Federal Government.
(B) EXCEPTION.—Notwithstanding subparagraph (A),
the Secretary may use a portion of the revenues from
royalty in-kind sales, without fiscal year limitation, to pay
salaries and other administrative costs directly related to
the royalty in-kind program.
(c) REIMBURSEMENT OF COST.—If the lessee, pursuant to an
agreement with the United States or as provided in the lease,
processes the royalty gas or delivers the royalty oil or gas at
a point not on or adjacent to the lease area, the Secretary shall—
H. R. 6—106
(1) reimburse the lessee for the reasonable costs of
transportation (not including gathering) from the lease to the
point of delivery or for processing costs; or
(2) allow the lessee to deduct the transportation or processing costs in reporting and paying royalties in-value for other
Federal oil and gas leases.
(d) BENEFIT TO THE UNITED STATES REQUIRED.—The Secretary
may receive oil or gas royalties in-kind only if the Secretary determines that receiving royalties in-kind provides benefits to the
United States that are greater than or equal to the benefits that
are likely to have been received had royalties been taken in-value.
(e) REPORTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than September 30, 2006, the
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that addresses—
(A) actions taken to develop business processes and
automated systems to fully support the royalty-in-kind
capability to be used in tandem with the royalty-in-value
approach in managing Federal oil and gas revenue; and
(B) future royalty-in-kind businesses operation plans
and objectives.
(2) REPORTS ON OIL OR GAS ROYALTIES TAKEN IN-KIND.—
For each of fiscal years 2006 through 2015 in which the United
States takes oil or gas royalties in-kind from production in
any State or from the outer Continental Shelf, excluding royalties taken in-kind and sold to refineries under subsection (h),
the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that describes—
(A) the 1 or more methodologies used by the Secretary
to determine compliance with subsection (d), including the
performance standard for comparing amounts received by
the United States derived from royalties in-kind to amounts
likely to have been received had royalties been taken invalue;
(B) an explanation of the evaluation that led the Secretary to take royalties in-kind from a lease or group of
leases, including the expected revenue effect of taking
royalties in-kind;
(C) actual amounts received by the United States
derived from taking royalties in-kind and costs and savings
incurred by the United States associated with taking royalties in-kind, including administrative savings and any new
or increased administrative costs; and
(D) an evaluation of other relevant public benefits or
detriments associated with taking royalties in-kind.
(f) DEDUCTION OF EXPENSES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Before making payments under section
35 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191) or section 8(g)
of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1337(g))
of revenues derived from the sale of royalty production taken
in-kind from a lease, the Secretary shall deduct amounts paid
or deducted under subsections (b)(4) and (c) and deposit the
amount of the deductions in the miscellaneous receipts of the
Treasury.
(2) ACCOUNTING FOR DEDUCTIONS.—When the Secretary
allows the lessee to deduct transportation or processing costs
under subsection (c), the Secretary may not reduce any payments to recipients of revenues derived from any other Federal
oil and gas lease as a consequence of that deduction.
H. R. 6—107
(g) CONSULTATION WITH STATES.—The Secretary—
(1) shall consult with a State before conducting a royalty
in-kind program under this subtitle within the State;
(2) may delegate management of any portion of the Federal
royalty in-kind program to the State except as otherwise prohibited by Federal law; and
(3) shall consult annually with any State from which Federal oil or gas royalty is being taken in-kind to ensure, to
the maximum extent practicable, that the royalty in-kind program provides revenues to the State greater than or equal
to the revenues likely to have been received had royalties
been taken in-value.
(h) SMALL REFINERIES.—
(1) PREFERENCE.—If the Secretary finds that sufficient supplies of crude oil are not available in the open market to
refineries that do not have their own source of supply for
crude oil, the Secretary may grant preference to those refineries
in the sale of any royalty oil accruing or reserved to the United
States under Federal oil and gas leases issued under any mineral leasing law, for processing or use in those refineries at
private sale at not less than the market price.
(2) PRORATION AMONG REFINERIES IN PRODUCTION AREA.—
In disposing of oil under this subsection, the Secretary may,
at the discretion of the Secretary, prorate the oil among refineries described in paragraph (1) in the area in which the
oil is produced.
(i) DISPOSITION TO FEDERAL AGENCIES.—
(1) ONSHORE ROYALTY.—Any royalty oil or gas taken by
the Secretary in-kind from onshore oil and gas leases may
be sold at not less than the market price to any Federal
agency.
(2) OFFSHORE ROYALTY.—Any royalty oil or gas taken inkind from a Federal oil or gas lease on the outer Continental
Shelf may be disposed of only under section 27 of the Outer
Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1353).
(j) FEDERAL LOW-INCOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.—
(1) PREFERENCE.—In disposing of royalty oil or gas taken
in-kind under this section, the Secretary may grant a preference
to any person, including any Federal or State agency, for the
purpose of providing additional resources to any Federal lowincome energy assistance program.
(2) REPORT.—Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress—
(A) assessing the effectiveness of granting preferences
specified in paragraph (1); and
(B) providing a specific recommendation on the
continuation of authority to grant preferences.
SEC. 343. MARGINAL PROPERTY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES.
(a) DEFINITION OF MARGINAL PROPERTY.—Until such time as
the Secretary issues regulations under subsection (e) that prescribe
a different definition, in this section, the term ‘‘marginal property’’
means an onshore unit, communitization agreement, or lease not
within a unit or communitization agreement, that produces on
average the combined equivalent of less than 15 barrels of oil
per well per day or 90,000,000 British thermal units of gas per
H. R. 6—108
well per day calculated based on the average over the 3 most
recent production months, including only wells that produce on
more than half of the days during those 3 production months.
(b) CONDITIONS FOR REDUCTION OF ROYALTY RATE.—Until such
time as the Secretary issues regulations under subsection (e) that
prescribe different standards or requirements, the Secretary shall
reduce the royalty rate on—
(1) oil production from marginal properties as prescribed
in subsection (c) if the spot price of West Texas Intermediate
crude oil at Cushing, Oklahoma, is, on average, less than $15
per barrel (adjusted in accordance with the Consumer Price
Index for all-urban consumers, United States city average, as
published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics) for 90 consecutive
trading days; and
(2) gas production from marginal properties as prescribed
in subsection (c) if the spot price of natural gas delivered
at Henry Hub, Louisiana, is, on average, less than $2.00 per
million British thermal units (adjusted in accordance with the
Consumer Price Index for all-urban consumers, United States
city average, as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics)
for 90 consecutive trading days.
(c) REDUCED ROYALTY RATE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—When a marginal property meets the
conditions specified in subsection (b), the royalty rate shall
be the lesser of—
(A) 5 percent; or
(B) the applicable rate under any other statutory or
regulatory royalty relief provision that applies to the
affected production.
(2) PERIOD OF EFFECTIVENESS.—The reduced royalty rate
under this subsection shall be effective beginning on the first
day of the production month following the date on which the
applicable condition specified in subsection (b) is met.
(d) TERMINATION OF REDUCED ROYALTY RATE.—A royalty rate
prescribed in subsection (c)(1) shall terminate—
(1) with respect to oil production from a marginal property,
on the first day of the production month following the date
on which—
(A) the spot price of West Texas Intermediate crude
oil at Cushing, Oklahoma, on average, exceeds $15 per
barrel (adjusted in accordance with the Consumer Price
Index for all-urban consumers, United States city average,
as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics) for 90
consecutive trading days; or
(B) the property no longer qualifies as a marginal
property; and
(2) with respect to gas production from a marginal property,
on the first day of the production month following the date
on which—
(A) the spot price of natural gas delivered at Henry
Hub, Louisiana, on average, exceeds $2.00 per million
British thermal units (adjusted in accordance with the
Consumer Price Index for all-urban consumers, United
States city average, as published by the Bureau of Labor
Statistics) for 90 consecutive trading days; or
(B) the property no longer qualifies as a marginal
property.
H. R. 6—109
(e) REGULATIONS PRESCRIBING DIFFERENT RELIEF.—
(1) DISCRETIONARY REGULATIONS.—The Secretary may by
regulation prescribe different parameters, standards, and
requirements for, and a different degree or extent of, royalty
relief for marginal properties in lieu of those prescribed in
subsections (a) through (d).
(2) MANDATORY REGULATIONS.—Unless a determination is
made under paragraph (3), not later than 18 months after
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall by regulation—
(A) prescribe standards and requirements for, and the
extent of royalty relief for, marginal properties for oil and
gas leases on the outer Continental Shelf; and
(B) define what constitutes a marginal property on
the outer Continental Shelf for purposes of this section.
(3) REPORT.—To the extent the Secretary determines that
it is not practicable to issue the regulations referred to in
paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide a report to Congress
explaining such determination by not later than 18 months
after the date of enactment of this Act.
(4) CONSIDERATIONS.—In issuing regulations under this
subsection, the Secretary may consider—
(A) oil and gas prices and market trends;
(B) production costs;
(C) abandonment costs;
(D) Federal and State tax provisions and the effects
of those provisions on production economics;
(E) other royalty relief programs;
(F) regional differences in average wellhead prices;
(G) national energy security issues; and
(H) other relevant matters, as determined by the Secretary.
(f) SAVINGS PROVISION.—Nothing in this section prevents a
lessee from receiving royalty relief or a royalty reduction pursuant
to any other law (including a regulation) that provides more relief
than the amounts provided by this section.
SEC. 344. INCENTIVES FOR NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION FROM DEEP
WELLS IN THE SHALLOW WATERS OF THE GULF OF
MEXICO.
(a) ROYALTY INCENTIVE REGULATIONS FOR ULTRA DEEP GAS
WELLS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, in addition to any other regulations
that may provide royalty incentives for natural gas produced
from deep wells on oil and gas leases issued pursuant to the
Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.),
the Secretary shall issue regulations granting royalty relief
suspension volumes of not less than 35 billion cubic feet with
respect to the production of natural gas from ultra deep wells
on leases issued in shallow waters less than 400 meters deep
located in the Gulf of Mexico wholly west of 87 degrees, 30
minutes west longitude. Regulations issued under this subsection shall be retroactive to the date that the notice of proposed rulemaking is published in the Federal Register.
H. R. 6—110
(2) SUSPENSION VOLUMES.—The Secretary may grant
suspension volumes of not less than 35 billion cubic feet in
any case in which—
(A) the ultra deep well is a sidetrack; or
(B) the lease has previously produced from wells with
a perforated interval the top of which is at least 15,000
feet true vertical depth below the datum at mean sea
level.
(3) DEFINITIONS.—In this subsection:
(A) ULTRA DEEP WELL.—The term ‘‘ultra deep well’’
means a well drilled with a perforated interval, the top
of which is at least 20,000 true vertical depth below the
datum at mean sea level.
(B) SIDETRACK.—
(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘‘sidetrack’’ means a
well resulting from drilling an additional hole to a
new objective bottom-hole location by leaving a previously drilled hole.
(ii) INCLUSION.—The term ‘‘sidetrack’’ includes—
(I) drilling a well from a platform slot
reclaimed from a previously drilled well;
(II) re-entering and deepening a previously
drilled well; and
(III) a bypass from a sidetrack, including
drilling around material blocking a hole or drilling
to straighten a crooked hole.
(b) ROYALTY INCENTIVE REGULATIONS FOR DEEP GAS WELLS.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act,
in addition to any other regulations that may provide royalty incentives for natural gas produced from deep wells on oil and gas
leases issued pursuant to the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
(43 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.), the Secretary shall issue regulations
granting royalty relief suspension volumes with respect to production of natural gas from deep wells on leases issued in waters
more than 200 meters but less than 400 meters deep located in
the Gulf of Mexico wholly west of 87 degrees, 30 minutes west
longitude. The suspension volumes for deep wells within 200 to
400 meters of water depth shall be calculated using the same
methodology used to calculate the suspension volumes for deep
wells in the shallower waters of the Gulf of Mexico, and in no
case shall the suspension volumes for deep wells within 200 to
400 meters of water depth be lower than those for deep wells
in shallower waters. Regulations issued under this subsection shall
be retroactive to the date that the notice of proposed rulemaking
is published in the Federal Register.
(c) LIMITATIONS.—The Secretary may place limitations on the
royalty relief granted under this section based on market price.
The royalty relief granted under this section shall not apply to
a lease for which deep water royalty relief is available.
SEC. 345. ROYALTY RELIEF FOR DEEP WATER PRODUCTION.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subsections (b) and (c), for each
tract located in water depths of greater than 400 meters in the
Western and Central Planning Area of the Gulf of Mexico (including
the portion of the Eastern Planning Area of the Gulf of Mexico
encompassing whole lease blocks lying west of 87 degrees, 30 minutes West longitude), any oil or gas lease sale under the Outer
H. R. 6—111
Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.) occurring
during the 5-year period beginning on the date of enactment of
this Act shall use the bidding system authorized under section
8(a)(1)(H) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C.
1337(a)(1)(H)).
(b) SUSPENSION OF ROYALTIES.—The suspension of royalties
under subsection (a) shall be established at a volume of not less
than—
(1) 5,000,000 barrels of oil equivalent for each lease in
water depths of 400 to 800 meters;
(2) 9,000,000 barrels of oil equivalent for each lease in
water depths of 800 to 1,600 meters;
(3) 12,000,000 barrels of oil equivalent for each lease in
water depths of 1,600 to 2,000 meters; and
(4) 16,000,000 barrels of oil equivalent for each lease in
water depths greater than 2,000 meters.
(c) LIMITATION.—The Secretary may place limitations on royalty
relief granted under this section based on market price.
SEC. 346. ALASKA OFFSHORE ROYALTY SUSPENSION.
Section 8(a)(3)(B) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
(43 U.S.C. 1337(a)(3)(B)) is amended by inserting ‘‘and in the Planning Areas offshore Alaska’’ after ‘‘West longitude’’.
SEC. 347. OIL AND GAS LEASING IN THE NATIONAL PETROLEUM
RESERVE IN ALASKA.
(a) TRANSFER OF AUTHORITY.—
(1) REDESIGNATION.—The Naval Petroleum Reserves
Production Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.) is amended
by redesignating section 107 (42 U.S.C. 6507) as section 108.
(2) TRANSFER.—The matter under the heading ‘‘EXPLORATION OF NATIONAL PETROLEUM RESERVE IN ALASKA’’ under
the heading ‘‘ENERGY AND MINERALS’’ of title I of Public Law
96–514 (42 U.S.C. 6508) is—
(A) transferred to the Naval Petroleum Reserves
Production Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.);
(B) redesignated as section 107 of that Act; and
(C) moved so as to appear after section 106 of that
Act (42 U.S.C. 6506).
(b) COMPETITIVE LEASING.—Section 107 of the Naval Petroleum
Reserves Production Act of 1976 (as amended by subsection (a)(2))
is amended—
(1) by striking the heading and all that follows through
‘‘Provided, That (1) activities’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 107. COMPETITIVE LEASING OF OIL AND GAS.
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct an expeditious
program of competitive leasing of oil and gas in the Reserve in
accordance with this Act.
‘‘(b) MITIGATION OF ADVERSE EFFECTS.—Activities’’;
(2) by striking ‘‘Alaska (the Reserve); (2) the’’ and inserting
‘‘Alaska’’.
‘‘(c) LAND USE PLANNING; BLM WILDERNESS STUDY.—The’’;
(3) by striking ‘‘Reserve; (3) the’’ and inserting ‘‘Reserve’’.
‘‘(d) FIRST LEASE SALE.—The;’’;
(4) by striking ‘‘4332); (4) the’’ and inserting ‘‘4321 et seq.)’’.
‘‘(e) WITHDRAWALS.—The’’;
H. R. 6—112
(5) by striking ‘‘herein; (5) bidding’’ and inserting ‘‘under
this section’’.
‘‘(f) BIDDING SYSTEMS.—Bidding’’;
(6) by striking ‘‘629); (6) lease’’ and inserting ‘‘629)’’.
‘‘(g) GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES.—Lease’’;
(7) by striking ‘‘structures; (7) the’’ and inserting ‘‘structures’’.
‘‘(h) SIZE OF LEASE TRACTS.—The’’;
(8) by striking ‘‘Secretary; (8)’’ and all that follows through
‘‘Drilling, production,’’ and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’.
‘‘(i) TERMS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Each lease shall be issued for an initial
period of not more than 10 years, and shall be extended for
so long thereafter as oil or gas is produced from the lease
in paying quantities, oil or gas is capable of being produced
in paying quantities, or drilling or reworking operations, as
approved by the Secretary, are conducted on the leased land.
‘‘(2) RENEWAL OF LEASES WITH DISCOVERIES.—At the end
of the primary term of a lease the Secretary shall renew for
an additional 10-year term a lease that does not meet the
requirements of paragraph (1) if the lessee submits to the
Secretary an application for renewal not later than 60 days
before the expiration of the primary lease and the lessee certifies, and the Secretary agrees, that hydrocarbon resources
were discovered on one or more wells drilled on the leased
land in such quantities that a prudent operator would hold
the lease for potential future development.
‘‘(3) RENEWAL OF LEASES WITHOUT DISCOVERIES.—At the
end of the primary term of a lease the Secretary shall renew
for an additional 10-year term a lease that does not meet
the requirements of paragraph (1) if the lessee submits to
the Secretary an application for renewal not later than 60
days before the expiration of the primary lease and pays the
Secretary a renewal fee of $100 per acre of leased land, and—
‘‘(A) the lessee provides evidence, and the Secretary
agrees that, the lessee has diligently pursued exploration
that warrants continuation with the intent of continued
exploration or future potential development of the leased
land; or
‘‘(B) all or part of the lease—
‘‘(i) is part of a unit agreement covering a lease
described in subparagraph (A); and
‘‘(ii) has not been previously contracted out of the
unit.
‘‘(4) APPLICABILITY.—This subsection applies to a lease that
is in effect on or after the date of enactment of the Energy
Policy Act of 2005.
‘‘(5) EXPIRATION FOR FAILURE TO PRODUCE.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, if no oil or gas is
produced from a lease within 30 years after the date of the
issuance of the lease the lease shall expire.
‘‘(6) TERMINATION.—No lease issued under this section covering lands capable of producing oil or gas in paying quantities
shall expire because the lessee fails to produce the same due
to circumstances beyond the control of the lessee.
‘‘(j) UNIT AGREEMENTS.—
H. R. 6—113
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—For the purpose of conservation of the
natural resources of all or part of any oil or gas pool, field,
reservoir, or like area, lessees (including representatives) of
the pool, field, reservoir, or like area may unite with each
other, or jointly or separately with others, in collectively
adopting and operating under a unit agreement for all or part
of the pool, field, reservoir, or like area (whether or not any
other part of the oil or gas pool, field, reservoir, or like area
is already subject to any cooperative or unit plan of development
or operation), if the Secretary determines the action to be
necessary or advisable in the public interest. In determining
the public interest, the Secretary should consider, among other
things, the extent to which the unit agreement will minimize
the impact to surface resources of the leases and will facilitate
consolidation of facilities.
‘‘(2) CONSULTATION.—In making a determination under
paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with and provide
opportunities for participation by the State of Alaska or a
Regional Corporation (as defined in section 3 of the Alaska
Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)) with respect
to the creation or expansion of units that include acreage in
which the State of Alaska or the Regional Corporation has
an interest in the mineral estate.
‘‘(3) PRODUCTION ALLOCATION METHODOLOGY.—(A) The Secretary may use a production allocation methodology for each
participating area within a unit that includes solely Federal
land in the Reserve.
‘‘(B) The Secretary shall use a production allocation methodology for each participating area within a unit that includes
Federal land in the Reserve and non-Federal land based on
the characteristics of each specific oil or gas pool, field, reservoir, or like area to take into account reservoir heterogeneity
and area variation in reservoir producibility across diverse
leasehold interests. The implementation of the foregoing
production allocation methodology shall be controlled by agreement among the affected lessors and lessees.
‘‘(4) BENEFIT OF OPERATIONS.—Drilling, production,’’;
(9) by striking ‘‘When separate’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(5) POOLING.—If separate’’;
(10) by inserting ‘‘(in consultation with the owners of the
other land)’’ after ‘‘determined by the Secretary of the Interior’’;
(11) by striking ‘‘thereto; (10) to’’ and all that follows
through ‘‘the terms provided therein’’ and inserting ‘‘to the
agreement.
‘‘(k) EXPLORATION INCENTIVES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(A) WAIVER, SUSPENSION, OR REDUCTION.—To encourage the greatest ultimate recovery of oil or gas or in the
interest of conservation, the Secretary may waive, suspend,
or reduce the rental fees or minimum royalty, or reduce
the royalty on an entire leasehold (including on any lease
operated pursuant to a unit agreement), whenever (after
consultation with the State of Alaska and the North Slope
Borough of Alaska and the concurrence of any Regional
Corporation for leases that include land that was made
available for acquisition by the Regional Corporation under
the provisions of section 1431(o) of the Alaska National
H. R. 6—114
Interest Lands Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.))
in the judgment of the Secretary it is necessary to do
so to promote development, or whenever in the judgment
of the Secretary the leases cannot be successfully operated
under the terms provided therein.
‘‘(B) APPLICABILITY.—This paragraph applies to a lease
that is in effect on or after the date of enactment of the
Energy Policy Act of 2005.’’;
(12) by striking ‘‘The Secretary is authorized to’’ and
inserting the following:
‘‘(2) SUSPENSION OF OPERATIONS AND PRODUCTION.—The
Secretary may’’;
(13) by striking ‘‘In the event’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) SUSPENSION OF PAYMENTS.—If’’;
(14) by striking ‘‘thereto; and (11) all’’ and inserting ‘‘to
the lease.
‘‘(l) RECEIPTS.—All’’;
(15) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as
paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively;
(16) by striking ‘‘Any agency’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(m) EXPLORATIONS.—Any agency’’;
(17) by striking ‘‘Any action’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(n) ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS.—
‘‘(1) JUDICIAL REVIEW.—Any action’’;
(18) by striking ‘‘The detailed’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) INITIAL LEASE SALES.—The detailed’’;
(19) by striking ‘‘section 104(b) of the Naval Petroleum
Reserves Production Act of 1976 (90 Stat. 304; 42 U.S.C. 6504)’’
and inserting ‘‘section 104(a)’’; and
(20) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(o) REGULATIONS.—As soon as practicable after the date of
enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary shall
issue regulations to implement this section.
‘‘(p) WAIVER OF ADMINISTRATION FOR CONVEYED LANDS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding section 14(g) of the
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1613(g))—
‘‘(A) the Secretary of the Interior shall waive administration of any oil and gas lease to the extent that the
lease covers any land in the Reserve in which all of the
subsurface estate is conveyed to the Arctic Slope Regional
Corporation (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Corporation’);
‘‘(B)(i) in a case in which a conveyance of a subsurface
estate described in subparagraph (A) does not include all
of the land covered by the oil and gas lease, the person
that owns the subsurface estate in any particular portion
of the land covered by the lease shall be entitled to all
of the revenues reserved under the lease as to that portion,
including, without limitation, all the royalty payable with
respect to oil or gas produced from or allocated to that
portion;
‘‘(ii) in a case described in clause (i), the Secretary
of the Interior shall—
‘‘(I) segregate the lease into 2 leases, 1 of
which shall cover only the subsurface estate conveyed to the Corporation; and
H. R. 6—115
‘‘(II) waive administration of the lease that
covers the subsurface estate conveyed to the Corporation; and
‘‘(iii) the segregation of the lease described in
clause (ii)(I) has no effect on the obligations of the
lessee under either of the resulting leases, including
obligations relating to operations, production, or other
circumstances (other than payment of rentals or royalties); and
‘‘(C) nothing in this subsection limits the authority
of the Secretary of the Interior to manage the federallyowned surface estate within the Reserve.’’.
(c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—Section 104 of the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6504) is
amended—
(1) by striking subsection (a); and
(2) by redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as subsections (a) through (c), respectively.
SEC. 348. NORTH SLOPE SCIENCE INITIATIVE.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Interior shall establish a long-term initiative to be known as the ‘‘North Slope
Science Initiative’’ (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Initiative’’).
(2) PURPOSE.—The purpose of the Initiative shall be to
implement efforts to coordinate collection of scientific data that
will provide a better understanding of the terrestrial, aquatic,
and marine ecosystems of the North Slope of Alaska.
(b) OBJECTIVES.—To ensure that the Initiative is conducted
through a comprehensive science strategy and implementation plan,
the Initiative shall, at a minimum—
(1) identify and prioritize information needs for inventory,
monitoring, and research activities to address the individual
and cumulative effects of past, ongoing, and anticipated
development activities and environmental change on the North
Slope;
(2) develop an understanding of information needs for regulatory and land management agencies, local governments, and
the public;
(3) focus on prioritization of pressing natural resource
management and ecosystem information needs, coordination,
and cooperation among agencies and organizations;
(4) coordinate ongoing and future inventory, monitoring,
and research activities to minimize duplication of effort, share
financial resources and expertise, and assure the collection
of quality information;
(5) identify priority needs not addressed by agency science
programs in effect on the date of enactment of this Act and
develop a funding strategy to meet those needs;
(6) provide a consistent approach to high caliber science,
including inventory, monitoring, and research;
(7) maintain and improve public and agency access to—
(A) accumulated and ongoing research; and
(B) contemporary and traditional local knowledge; and
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(8) ensure through appropriate peer review that the science
conducted by participating agencies and organizations is of
the highest technical quality.
(c) MEMBERSHIP.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—To ensure comprehensive collection of
scientific data, in carrying out the Initiative, the Secretary
shall consult and coordinate with Federal, State, and local
agencies that have responsibilities for land and resource
management across the North Slope.
(2) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.—The Secretary shall enter
into cooperative agreements with the State of Alaska, the North
Slope Borough, the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, and other
Federal agencies as appropriate to coordinate efforts, share
resources, and fund projects under this section.
(d) SCIENCE TECHNICAL ADVISORY PANEL.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Initiative shall include a panel to
provide advice on proposed inventory, monitoring, and research
functions.
(2) MEMBERSHIP.—The panel described in paragraph (1)
shall consist of a representative group of not more than 15
scientists and technical experts from diverse professions and
interests, including the oil and gas industry, subsistence users,
Native Alaskan entities, conservation organizations, wildlife
management organizations, and academia, as determined by
the Secretary.
(e) REPORTS.—Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this section and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall
publish a report that describes the studies and findings of the
Initiative.
(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section.
SEC. 349. ORPHANED, ABANDONED, OR IDLED WELLS ON FEDERAL
LAND.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall establish a program not later than
1 year after the date of enactment of this Act to remediate, reclaim,
and close orphaned, abandoned, or idled oil and gas wells located
on land administered by the land management agencies within
the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture.
(b) ACTIVITIES.—The program under subsection (a) shall—
(1) include a means of ranking orphaned, abandoned, or
idled wells sites for priority in remediation, reclamation, and
closure, based on public health and safety, potential environmental harm, and other land use priorities;
(2) provide for identification and recovery of the costs of
remediation, reclamation, and closure from persons or other
entities currently providing a bond or other financial assurance
required under State or Federal law for an oil or gas well
that is orphaned, abandoned, or idled; and
(3) provide for recovery from the persons or entities identified under paragraph (2), or their sureties or guarantors, of
the costs of remediation, reclamation, and closure of such wells.
(c) COOPERATION AND CONSULTATIONS.—In carrying out the
program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall—
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(1) work cooperatively with the Secretary of Agriculture
and the States within which Federal land is located; and
(2) consult with the Secretary of Energy and the Interstate
Oil and Gas Compact Commission.
(d) PLAN.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of
Agriculture, shall submit to Congress a plan for carrying out the
program under subsection (a).
(e) IDLED WELL.—For the purposes of this section, a well is
idled if—
(1) the well has been nonoperational for at least 7 years;
and
(2) there is no anticipated beneficial use for the well.
(f) FEDERAL REIMBURSEMENT FOR ORPHANED WELL RECLAMATION PILOT PROGRAM.—
(1) REIMBURSEMENT FOR REMEDIATING, RECLAIMING, AND
CLOSING WELLS ON LAND SUBJECT TO A NEW LEASE.—The Secretary shall carry out a pilot program under which, in issuing
a new oil and gas lease on federally owned land on which
1 or more orphaned wells are located, the Secretary—
(A) may require, other than as a condition of the lease,
that the lessee remediate, reclaim, and close in accordance
with standards established by the Secretary, all orphaned
wells on the land leased; and
(B) shall develop a program to reimburse a lessee,
through a royalty credit against the Federal share of royalties owed or other means, for the reasonable actual costs
of remediating, reclaiming, and closing the orphaned wells
pursuant to that requirement.
(2) REIMBURSEMENT FOR RECLAIMING ORPHANED WELLS ON
OTHER LAND.—In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary—
(A) may authorize any lessee under an oil and gas
lease on federally owned land to reclaim in accordance
with the Secretary’s standards—
(i) an orphaned well on unleased federally owned
land; or
(ii) an orphaned well located on an existing lease
on federally owned land for the reclamation of which
the lessee is not legally responsible; and
(B) shall develop a program to provide reimbursement
of 100 percent of the reasonable actual costs of remediating,
reclaiming, and closing the orphaned well, through credits
against the Federal share of royalties or other means.
(3) REGULATIONS.—The Secretary may issue such regulations as are appropriate to carry out this subsection.
(g) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM FOR NON-FEDERAL
LAND.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Energy shall establish
a program to provide technical and financial assistance to oil
and gas producing States to facilitate State efforts over a 10year period to ensure a practical and economical remedy for
environmental problems caused by orphaned or abandoned oil
and gas exploration or production well sites on State or private
land.
(2) ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary of Energy shall work with
the States, through the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact
Commission, to assist the States in quantifying and mitigating
H. R. 6—118
environmental risks of onshore orphaned or abandoned oil or
gas wells on State and private land.
(3) ACTIVITIES.—The program under paragraph (1) shall
include—
(A) mechanisms to facilitate identification, if feasible,
of the persons currently providing a bond or other form
of financial assurance required under State or Federal
law for an oil or gas well that is orphaned or abandoned;
(B) criteria for ranking orphaned or abandoned well
sites based on factors such as public health and safety,
potential environmental harm, and other land use priorities;
(C) information and training programs on best practices for remediation of different types of sites; and
(D) funding of State mitigation efforts on a cost-shared
basis.
(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—There are authorized to be appropriated
to carry out this section $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years
2006 through 2010.
(2) USE.—Of the amounts authorized under paragraph (1),
$5,000,000 are authorized for each fiscal year for activities
under subsection (f).
SEC. 350. COMBINED HYDROCARBON LEASING.
(a) SPECIAL PROVISIONS REGARDING LEASING.—Section 17(b)(2)
of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 226(b)(2)) is amended—
(1) by inserting ‘‘(A)’’ after ‘‘(2)’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(B) For any area that contains any combination of tar sand
and oil or gas (or both), the Secretary may issue under this Act,
separately—
‘‘(i) a lease for exploration for and extraction of tar sand;
and
‘‘(ii) a lease for exploration for and development of oil
and gas.
‘‘(C) A lease issued for tar sand shall be issued using the
same bidding process, annual rental, and posting period as a lease
issued for oil and gas, except that the minimum acceptable bid
required for a lease issued for tar sand shall be $2 per acre.
‘‘(D) The Secretary may waive, suspend, or alter any requirement under section 26 that a permittee under a permit authorizing
prospecting for tar sand must exercise due diligence, to promote
any resource covered by a combined hydrocarbon lease.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 17(b)(1)(B) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 226(b)(1)(B)) is amended in the second
sentence by inserting ‘‘, subject to paragraph (2)(B),’’ after ‘‘Secretary’’.
(c) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 45 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue final regulations
to implement this section.
SEC. 351. PRESERVATION OF GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL DATA.
(a) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the ‘‘National
Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program Act of
2005’’.
H. R. 6—119
(b) PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall carry out a National
Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program in accordance with this section—
(1) to archive geologic, geophysical, and engineering data,
maps, well logs, and samples;
(2) to provide a national catalog of such archival material;
and
(3) to provide technical and financial assistance related
to the archival material.
(c) PLAN.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a plan for
the implementation of the Program.
(d) DATA ARCHIVE SYSTEM.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish, as a
component of the Program, a data archive system to provide
for the storage, preservation, and archiving of subsurface, surface, geological, geophysical, and engineering data and samples.
The Secretary, in consultation with the Advisory Committee,
shall develop guidelines relating to the data archive system,
including the types of data and samples to be preserved.
(2) SYSTEM COMPONENTS.—The system shall be comprised
of State agencies that elect to be part of the system and agencies
within the Department of the Interior that maintain geological
and geophysical data and samples that are designated by the
Secretary in accordance with this subsection. The Program
shall provide for the storage of data and samples through
data repositories operated by such agencies.
(3) LIMITATION OF DESIGNATION.—The Secretary may not
designate a State agency as a component of the data archive
system unless that agency is the agency that acts as the
geological survey in the State.
(4) DATA FROM FEDERAL LAND.—The data archive system
shall provide for the archiving of relevant subsurface data
and samples obtained from Federal land—
(A) in the most appropriate repository designated
under paragraph (2), with preference being given to
archiving data in the State in which the data were collected; and
(B) consistent with all applicable law and requirements
relating to confidentiality and proprietary data.
(e) NATIONAL CATALOG.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—As soon as practicable after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop and maintain, as a component of the Program, a national catalog that
identifies—
(A) data and samples available in the data archive
system established under subsection (d);
(B) the repository for particular material in the system;
and
(C) the means of accessing the material.
(2) AVAILABILITY.—The Secretary shall make the national
catalog accessible to the public on the site of the Survey on
the Internet, consistent with all applicable requirements related
to confidentiality and proprietary data.
(f) ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Advisory Committee shall advise
the Secretary on planning and implementation of the Program.
H. R. 6—120
(2) NEW DUTIES.—In addition to its duties under the
National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 (43 U.S.C. 31a et seq.),
the Advisory Committee shall perform the following duties:
(A) Advise the Secretary on developing guidelines and
procedures for providing assistance for facilities under subsection (g)(1).
(B) Review and critique the draft implementation plan
prepared by the Secretary under subsection (c).
(C) Identify useful studies of data archived under the
Program that will advance understanding of the Nation’s
energy and mineral resources, geologic hazards, and
engineering geology.
(D) Review the progress of the Program in archiving
significant data and preventing the loss of such data, and
the scientific progress of the studies funded under the
Program.
(E) Include in the annual report to the Secretary
required under section 5(b)(3) of the National Geologic
Mapping Act of 1992 (43 U.S.C. 31d(b)(3)) an evaluation
of the progress of the Program toward fulfilling the purposes of the Program under subsection (b).
(g) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE.—
(1) ARCHIVE FACILITIES.—Subject to the availability of
appropriations, the Secretary shall provide financial assistance
to a State agency that is designated under subsection (d)(2)
for providing facilities to archive energy material.
(2) STUDIES.—Subject to the availability of appropriations,
the Secretary shall provide financial assistance to any State
agency designated under subsection (d)(2) for studies and technical assistance activities that enhance understanding,
interpretation, and use of materials archived in the data archive
system established under subsection (d).
(3) FEDERAL SHARE.—The Federal share of the cost of an
activity carried out with assistance under this subsection shall
be not more than 50 percent of the total cost of the activity.
(4) PRIVATE CONTRIBUTIONS.—The Secretary shall apply
to the non-Federal share of the cost of an activity carried
out with assistance under this subsection the value of private
contributions of property and services used for that activity.
(h) REPORT.—The Secretary shall include in each report under
section 8 of the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 (43 U.S.C.
31g)—
(1) a description of the status of the Program;
(2) an evaluation of the progress achieved in developing
the Program during the period covered by the report; and
(3) any recommendations for legislative or other action
the Secretary considers necessary and appropriate to fulfill
the purposes of the Program under subsection (b).
(i) MAINTENANCE OF STATE EFFORT.—It is the intent of Congress that the States not use this section as an opportunity to
reduce State resources applied to the activities that are the subject
of the Program.
(j) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—The term ‘‘Advisory Committee’’
means the advisory committee established under section 5 of
the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 (43 U.S.C. 31d).
H. R. 6—121
(2) PROGRAM.—The term ‘‘Program’’ means the National
Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program carried
out under this section.
(3) SECRETARY.—The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means the Secretary
of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States
Geological Survey.
(4) SURVEY.—The term ‘‘Survey’’ means the United States
Geological Survey.
(k) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 352. OIL AND GAS LEASE ACREAGE LIMITATIONS.
Section 27(d)(1) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 184(d)(1))
is amended by inserting after ‘‘acreage held in special tar sand
areas’’ the following: ‘‘, and acreage under any lease any portion
of which has been committed to a federally approved unit or cooperative plan or communitization agreement or for which royalty
(including compensatory royalty or royalty in-kind) was paid in
the preceding calendar year,’’.
SEC. 353. GAS HYDRATE PRODUCTION INCENTIVE.
(a) PURPOSE.—The purpose of this section is to promote natural
gas production from the natural gas hydrate resources on the outer
Continental Shelf and Federal lands in Alaska by providing royalty
incentives.
(b) SUSPENSION OF ROYALTIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may grant royalty relief
in accordance with this section for natural gas produced from
gas hydrate resources under an eligible lease.
(2) ELIGIBLE LEASES.—A lease shall be an eligible lease
for purposes of this section if—
(A) it is issued under the Outer Continental Shelf
Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331 et seq.), or is an oil and gas
lease issued for onshore Federal lands in Alaska;
(B) it is issued prior to January 1, 2016; and
(C) production under the lease of natural gas from
gas hydrate resources commences prior to January 1, 2018.
(3) AMOUNT OF RELIEF.—The Secretary shall conduct a
rulemaking and grant royalty relief under this section as a
suspension volume if the Secretary determines that such royalty
relief would encourage production of natural gas from gas
hydrate resources from an eligible lease. The maximum suspension volume shall be 30 billion cubic feet of natural gas per
lease. Such relief shall be in addition to any other royalty
relief under any other provision applicable to the lease that
does not specifically grant a gas hydrate production incentive.
Such royalty suspension volume shall be applied to any eligible
production occurring on or after the date of publication of
the advanced notice of proposed rulemaking.
(4) LIMITATION.—The Secretary may place limitations on
royalty relief granted under this section based on market price.
(c) APPLICATION.—This section shall apply to any eligible lease
issued before, on, or after the date of enactment of this Act.
(d) RULEMAKINGS.—
(1) REQUIREMENT.—The Secretary shall publish the
advanced notice of proposed rulemaking within 180 days after
the date of enactment of this Act and complete the rulemaking
H. R. 6—122
implementing this section within 365 days after the date of
enactment of this Act.
(2) GAS HYDRATE RESOURCES DEFINED.—Such regulations
shall define the term ‘‘gas hydrate resources’’ to include both
the natural gas content of gas hydrates within the hydrate
stability zone and free natural gas trapped by and beneath
the hydrate stability zone.
(e) REVIEW.—Not later than 365 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary
of Energy, shall carry out a review of, and submit to Congress
a report on, further opportunities to enhance production of natural
gas from gas hydrate resources on the outer Continental Shelf
and on Federal lands in Alaska through the provision of other
production incentives or through technical or financial assistance.
SEC. 354. ENHANCED OIL AND NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION THROUGH
CARBON DIOXIDE INJECTION.
(a) PRODUCTION INCENTIVE.—
(1) FINDINGS.—Congress finds the following:
(A) Approximately two-thirds of the original oil in place
in the United States remains unproduced.
(B) Enhanced oil and natural gas production from the
sequestering of carbon dioxide and other appropriate gases
has the potential to increase oil and natural gas production.
(C) Capturing and productively using carbon dioxide
would help reduce the carbon intensity of the economy.
(2) PURPOSE.—The purpose of this section is—
(A) to promote the capturing, transportation, and injection of produced carbon dioxide, natural carbon dioxide,
and other appropriate gases or other matter for sequestration into oil and gas fields; and
(B) to promote oil and natural gas production from
the outer Continental Shelf and onshore Federal lands
under lease by providing royalty incentives to use enhanced
recovery techniques using injection of the substances
referred to in subparagraph (A).
(b) SUSPENSION OF ROYALTIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—If the Secretary determines that reduction
of the royalty under a Federal oil and gas lease that is an
eligible lease is in the public interest and promotes the purposes
of this section, the Secretary shall undertake a rulemaking
to provide for such reduction for an eligible lease.
(2) RULEMAKINGS.—The Secretary shall publish the
advanced notice of proposed rulemaking within 180 days after
the date of enactment of this Act and complete the rulemaking
implementing this section within 365 days after the date of
enactment of this Act.
(3) ELIGIBLE LEASES.—A lease shall be an eligible lease
for purposes of this section if—
(A) it is a lease for production of oil and gas from
the outer Continental Shelf or Federal onshore lands;
(B) the injection of the substances referred to in subsection (a)(2)(A) will be used as an enhanced recovery technique on such lease; and
(C) the Secretary determines that the lease contains
oil or gas that would not likely be produced without the
royalty reduction provided under this section.
H. R. 6—123
(4) AMOUNT OF RELIEF.—The rulemaking shall provide for
a suspension volume, which shall not exceed 5,000,000 barrels
of oil equivalent for each eligible lease. Such suspension volume
shall be applied to any production from an eligible lease occurring on or after the date of publication of any advanced notice
of proposed rulemaking under this subsection.
(5) LIMITATION.—The Secretary may place limitations on
the royalty reduction granted under this section based on
market price.
(6) APPLICATION.—This section shall apply to any eligible
lease issued before, on, or after the date of enactment of this
Act.
(c) DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Energy shall establish a competitive grant program to provide grants to producers of oil and gas to carry out projects to inject carbon
dioxide for the purpose of enhancing recovery of oil or
natural gas while increasing the sequestration of carbon
dioxide.
(B) PROJECTS.—The demonstration program shall provide for—
(i) not more than 10 projects in the Willistin Basin
in North Dakota and Montana; and
(ii) 1 project in the Cook Inlet Basin in Alaska.
(2) REQUIREMENTS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Energy shall issue
requirements relating to applications for grants under paragraph (1).
(B) RULEMAKING.—The issuance of requirements under
subparagraph (A) shall not require a rulemaking.
(C) MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS.—At a minimum, the Secretary shall require under subparagraph (A) that an
application for a grant include—
(i) a description of the project proposed in the
application;
(ii) an estimate of the production increase and
the duration of the production increase from the
project, as compared to conventional recovery techniques, including water flooding;
(iii) an estimate of the carbon dioxide sequestered
by project, over the life of the project;
(iv) a plan to collect and disseminate data relating
to each project to be funded by the grant;
(v) a description of the means by which the project
will be sustainable without Federal assistance after
the completion of the term of the grant;
(vi) a complete description of the costs of the
project, including acquisition, construction, operation,
and maintenance costs over the expected life of the
project;
(vii) a description of which costs of the project
will be supported by Federal assistance under this
section; and
(viii) a description of any secondary or tertiary
recovery efforts in the field and the efficacy of water
flood recovery techniques used.
H. R. 6—124
(3) PARTNERS.—An applicant for a grant under paragraph
(1) may carry out a project under a pilot program in partnership
with 1 or more other public or private entities.
(4) SELECTION CRITERIA.—In evaluating applications under
this subsection, the Secretary of Energy shall—
(A) consider the previous experience with similar
projects of each applicant; and
(B) give priority consideration to applications that—
(i) are most likely to maximize production of oil
and gas in a cost-effective manner;
(ii) sequester significant quantities of carbon
dioxide from anthropogenic sources;
(iii) demonstrate the greatest commitment on the
part of the applicant to ensure funding for the proposed
project and the greatest likelihood that the project
will be maintained or expanded after Federal assistance under this section is completed; and
(iv) minimize any adverse environmental effects
from the project.
(5) DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—
(A) MAXIMUM AMOUNT.—The Secretary of Energy shall
not provide more than $3,000,000 in Federal assistance
under this subsection to any applicant.
(B) COST SHARING.—The Secretary of Energy shall
require cost-sharing under this subsection in accordance
with section 988.
(C) PERIOD OF GRANTS.—
(i) IN GENERAL.—A project funded by a grant under
this subsection shall begin construction not later than
2 years after the date of provision of the grant, but
in any case not later than December 31, 2010.
(ii) TERM.—The Secretary shall not provide grant
funds to any applicant under this subsection for a
period of more than 5 years.
(6) TRANSFER OF INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE.—The Secretary of Energy shall establish mechanisms to ensure that
the information and knowledge gained by participants in the
program under this subsection are transferred among other
participants and interested persons, including other applicants
that submitted applications for a grant under this subsection.
(7) SCHEDULE.—
(A) PUBLICATION.—Not later than 180 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy
shall publish in the Federal Register, and elsewhere, as
appropriate, a request for applications to carry out projects
under this subsection.
(B) DATE FOR APPLICATIONS.—An application for a
grant under this subsection shall be submitted not later
than 180 days after the date of publication of the request
under subparagraph (A).
(C) SELECTION.—After the date by which applications
for grants are required to be submitted under subparagraph
(B), the Secretary of Energy, in a timely manner, shall
select, after peer review and based on the criteria under
paragraph (4), those projects to be awarded a grant under
this subsection.
H. R. 6—125
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section.
SEC. 355. ASSESSMENT OF DEPENDENCE OF STATE OF HAWAII ON
OIL.
(a) ASSESSMENT.—The Secretary of Energy shall assess the
economic implications of the dependence of the State of Hawaii
on oil as the principal source of energy for the State, including—
(1) the short- and long-term prospects for crude oil supply
disruption and price volatility and potential impacts on the
economy of Hawaii;
(2) the economic relationship between oil-fired generation
of electricity from residual fuel and refined petroleum products
consumed for ground, marine, and air transportation;
(3) the technical and economic feasibility of increasing the
contribution of renewable energy resources for generation of
electricity, on an island-by-island basis, including—
(A) siting and facility configuration;
(B) environmental, operational, and safety considerations;
(C) the availability of technology;
(D) the effects on the utility system, including reliability;
(E) infrastructure and transport requirements;
(F) community support; and
(G) other factors affecting the economic impact of such
an increase and any effect on the economic relationship
described in paragraph (2);
(4) the technical and economic feasibility of using liquefied
natural gas to displace residual fuel oil for electric generation,
including neighbor island opportunities, and the effect of the
displacement on the economic relationship described in paragraph (2), including—
(A) the availability of supply;
(B) siting and facility configuration for onshore and
offshore liquefied natural gas receiving terminals;
(C) the factors described in subparagraphs (B) through
(F) of paragraph (3); and
(D) other economic factors;
(5) the technical and economic feasibility of using renewable
energy sources (including hydrogen) for ground, marine, and
air transportation energy applications to displace the use of
refined petroleum products, on an island-by-island basis, and
the economic impact of the displacement on the relationship
described in paragraph (2); and
(6) an island-by-island approach to—
(A) the development of hydrogen from renewable
resources; and
(B) the application of hydrogen to the energy needs
of Hawaii.
(b) CONTRACTING AUTHORITY.—The Secretary of Energy may
carry out the assessment under subsection (a) directly or, in whole
or in part, through 1 or more contracts with qualified public or
private entities.
H. R. 6—126
(c) REPORT.—Not later than 300 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy shall prepare (in consultation with agencies of the State of Hawaii and other stakeholders,
as appropriate), and submit to Congress, a report describing the
findings, conclusions, and recommendations resulting from the
assessment.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section.
SEC. 356. DENALI COMMISSION.
(a) DEFINITION OF COMMISSION.—In this section, the term
‘‘Commission’’ means the Denali Commission established by the
Denali Commission Act of 1998 (42 U.S.C. 3121 note; Public Law
105–277).
(b) ENERGY PROGRAMS.—The Commission shall use amounts
made available under subsection (d) to carry out energy programs,
including—
(1) energy generation and development, including—
(A) fuel cells, hydroelectric, solar, wind, wave, and
tidal energy; and
(B) alternative energy sources;
(2) the construction of energy transmission, including
interties;
(3) the replacement and cleanup of fuel tanks;
(4) the construction of fuel transportation networks and
related facilities;
(5) power cost equalization programs; and
(6) projects using coal as a fuel, including coal gasification
projects.
(c) OPEN MEETINGS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), a
meeting of the Commission shall be open to the public if—
(A) the Commission members take action on behalf
of the Commission; or
(B) the deliberations of the Commission determine,
or result in the joint conduct or disposition of, official
Commission business.
(2) EXCEPTIONS.—Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any
portion of a Commission meeting for which the Commission,
in public session, votes to close the meeting for the reasons
described in paragraph (2), (4), (5), or (6) of subsection (c)
of section 552b of title 5, United States Code.
(3) PUBLIC NOTICE.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—At least 1 week before a meeting
of the Commission, the Commission shall make a public
announcement of the meeting that describes—
(i) the time, place, and subject matter of the
meeting;
(ii) whether the meeting is to be open or closed
to the public; and
(iii) the name and telephone number of an appropriate person to respond to requests for information
about the meeting.
(B) ADDITIONAL NOTICE.—The Commission shall make
a public announcement of any change to the information
H. R. 6—127
made available under subparagraph (A) at the earliest
practicable time.
(4) MINUTES.—The Commission shall keep, and make available to the public, a transcript, electronic recording, or minutes
from each Commission meeting, except for portions of the
meeting closed under paragraph (2).
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to the Commission not more than $55,000,000
for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2015 to carry out subsection
(b).
SEC. 357. COMPREHENSIVE INVENTORY OF OCS OIL AND NATURAL
GAS RESOURCES.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct an inventory
and analysis of oil and natural gas resources beneath all of the
waters of the United States Outer Continental Shelf (‘‘OCS’’). The
inventory and analysis shall—
(1) use available data on oil and gas resources in areas
offshore of Mexico and Canada that will provide information
on trends of oil and gas accumulation in areas of the OCS;
(2) use any available technology, except drilling, but
including 3–D seismic technology to obtain accurate resource
estimates;
(3) analyze how resource estimates in OCS areas have
changed over time in regards to gathering geological and geophysical data, initial exploration, or full field development,
including areas such as the deepwater and subsalt areas in
the Gulf of Mexico;
(4) estimate the effect that understated oil and gas resource
inventories have on domestic energy investments; and
(5) identify and explain how legislative, regulatory, and
administrative programs or processes restrict or impede the
development of identified resources and the extent that they
affect domestic supply, such as moratoria, lease terms and
conditions, operational stipulations and requirements, approval
delays by the Federal Government and coastal States, and
local zoning restrictions for onshore processing facilities and
pipeline landings.
(b) REPORTS.—The Secretary shall submit a report to Congress
on the inventory of estimates and the analysis of restrictions or
impediments, together with any recommendations, within 6 months
of the date of enactment of the section. The report shall be publicly
available and updated at least every 5 years.
Subtitle F—Access to Federal Lands
SEC. 361. FEDERAL ONSHORE OIL AND GAS LEASING AND PERMITTING
PRACTICES.
(a) REVIEW OF ONSHORE OIL AND GAS LEASING PRACTICES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture with respect to National
Forest System lands under the jurisdiction of the Department
of Agriculture, shall perform an internal review of current
Federal onshore oil and gas leasing and permitting practices.
(2) INCLUSIONS.—The review shall include the process for—
(A) accepting or rejecting offers to lease;
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(B) administrative appeals of decisions or orders of
officers or employees of the Bureau of Land Management
with respect to a Federal oil or gas lease;
(C) considering surface use plans of operation,
including the timeframes in which the plans are considered,
and any recommendations for improving and expediting
the process; and
(D) identifying stipulations to address site-specific concerns and conditions, including those stipulations relating
to the environment and resource use conflicts.
(b) REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary
of Agriculture shall transmit a report to Congress that describes—
(1) actions taken under section 3 of Executive Order No.
13212 (42 U.S.C. 13201 note); and
(2) actions taken or any plans to improve the Federal
onshore oil and gas leasing program.
SEC. 362. MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL OIL AND GAS LEASING PROGRAMS.
(a) TIMELY ACTION ON LEASES AND PERMITS.—
(1) SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.—To ensure timely action
on oil and gas leases and applications for permits to drill
on land otherwise available for leasing, the Secretary of the
Interior (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall—
(A) ensure expeditious compliance with section
102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
(42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)) and any other applicable environmental and cultural resources laws;
(B) improve consultation and coordination with the
States and the public; and
(C) improve the collection, storage, and retrieval of
information relating to the oil and gas leasing activities.
(2) SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE.—To ensure timely action
on oil and gas lease applications for permits to drill on land
otherwise available for leasing, the Secretary of Agriculture
shall—
(A) ensure expeditious compliance with all applicable
environmental and cultural resources laws; and
(B) improve the collection, storage, and retrieval of
information relating to the oil and gas leasing activities.
(b) BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 18 months after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop and implement best management practices to—
(A) improve the administration of the onshore oil and
gas leasing program under the Mineral Leasing Act (30
U.S.C. 181 et seq.); and
(B) ensure timely action on oil and gas leases and
applications for permits to drill on land otherwise available
for leasing.
(2) CONSIDERATIONS.—In developing the best management
practices under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider
any recommendations from the review under section 361.
(3) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 180 days after the
development of the best management practices under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish, for public comment,
H. R. 6—129
proposed regulations that set forth specific timeframes for processing leases and applications in accordance with the best
management practices, including deadlines for—
(A) approving or disapproving—
(i) resource management plans and related documents;
(ii) lease applications;
(iii) applications for permits to drill; and
(iv) surface use plans; and
(B) related administrative appeals.
(c) IMPROVED ENFORCEMENT.—The Secretary and the Secretary
of Agriculture shall improve inspection and enforcement of oil and
gas activities, including enforcement of terms and conditions in
permits to drill on land under the jurisdiction of the Secretary
and the Secretary of Agriculture, respectively.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—In addition to
amounts made available to carry out activities relating to oil and
gas leasing on public land administered by the Secretary and
National Forest System land administered by the Secretary of Agriculture, there are authorized to be appropriated for each of fiscal
years 2006 through 2010—
(1) to the Secretary, acting through the Director of the
Bureau of Land Management—
(A) $40,000,000 to carry out subsections (a)(1) and
(b); and
(B) $20,000,000 to carry out subsection (c);
(2) to the Secretary, acting through the Director of the
United States Fish and Wildlife Service, $5,000,000 to carry
out subsection (a)(1); and
(3) to the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the
Chief of the Forest Service, $5,000,000 to carry out subsections
(a)(2) and (c).
SEC. 363. CONSULTATION REGARDING OIL AND GAS LEASING ON
PUBLIC LAND.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture shall enter into a memorandum of understanding regarding oil and gas leasing on—
(1) public land under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of
the Interior; and
(2) National Forest System land under the jurisdiction
of the Secretary of Agriculture.
(b) CONTENTS.—The memorandum of understanding shall
include provisions that—
(1) establish administrative procedures and lines of
authority that ensure timely processing of—
(A) oil and gas lease applications;
(B) surface use plans of operation, including steps for
processing surface use plans; and
(C) applications for permits to drill consistent with
applicable timelines;
(2) eliminate duplication of effort by providing for coordination of planning and environmental compliance efforts;
(3) ensure that lease stipulations are—
(A) applied consistently;
(B) coordinated between agencies; and
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(C) only as restrictive as necessary to protect the
resource for which the stipulations are applied;
(4) establish a joint data retrieval system that is capable
of—
(A) tracking applications and formal requests made
in accordance with procedures of the Federal onshore oil
and gas leasing program; and
(B) providing information regarding the status of the
applications and requests within the Department of the
Interior and the Department of Agriculture; and
(5) establish a joint geographic information system mapping
system for use in—
(A) tracking surface resource values to aid in resource
management; and
(B) processing surface use plans of operation and
applications for permits to drill.
SEC. 364. ESTIMATES OF OIL AND GAS RESOURCES UNDERLYING
ONSHORE FEDERAL LAND.
(a) ASSESSMENT.—Section 604 of the Energy Act of 2000 (42
U.S.C. 6217) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by striking ‘‘reserve’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘and’’ after the semicolon; and
(B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) the extent and nature of any restrictions or impediments to the development of the resources, including—
‘‘(A) impediments to the timely granting of leases;
‘‘(B) post-lease restrictions, impediments, or delays on
development for conditions of approval, applications for
permits to drill, or processing of environmental permits;
and
‘‘(C) permits or restrictions associated with transporting the resources for entry into commerce; and
‘‘(3) the quantity of resources not produced or introduced
into commerce because of the restrictions.’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) by striking ‘‘reserve’’ and inserting ‘‘resource’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘publically’’ and inserting ‘‘publicly’’;
and
(3) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
‘‘(d) ASSESSMENTS.—Using the inventory, the Secretary of
Energy shall make periodic assessments of economically recoverable
resources accounting for a range of parameters such as current
costs, commodity prices, technology, and regulations.’’.
(b) METHODOLOGY.—The Secretary of the Interior shall use
the same assessment methodology across all geological provinces,
areas, and regions in preparing and issuing national geological
assessments to ensure accurate comparisons of geological resources.
SEC. 365. PILOT PROJECT TO IMPROVE FEDERAL PERMIT COORDINATION.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary of the Interior (referred
to in this section as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall establish a Federal
Permit Streamlining Pilot Project (referred to in this section as
the ‘‘Pilot Project’’).
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(b) MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into a memorandum of understanding for purposes of this section with—
(A) the Secretary of Agriculture;
(B) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection
Agency; and
(C) the Chief of Engineers.
(2) STATE PARTICIPATION.—The Secretary may request that
the Governors of Wyoming, Montana, Colorado, Utah, and New
Mexico be signatories to the memorandum of understanding.
(c) DESIGNATION OF QUALIFIED STAFF.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 30 days after the date
of the signing of the memorandum of understanding under
subsection (b), all Federal signatory parties shall, if appropriate,
assign to each of the field offices identified in subsection (d)
an employee who has expertise in the regulatory issues relating
to the office in which the employee is employed, including,
as applicable, particular expertise in—
(A) the consultations and the preparation of biological
opinions under section 7 of the Endangered Species Act
of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536);
(B) permits under section 404 of Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1344);
(C) regulatory matters under the Clean Air Act (42
U.S.C. 7401 et seq.);
(D) planning under the National Forest Management
Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 472a et seq.); and
(E) the preparation of analyses under the National
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
(2) DUTIES.—Each employee assigned under paragraph (1)
shall—
(A) not later than 90 days after the date of assignment,
report to the Bureau of Land Management Field Managers
in the office to which the employee is assigned;
(B) be responsible for all issues relating to the jurisdiction of the home office or agency of the employee; and
(C) participate as part of the team of personnel working
on proposed energy projects, planning, and environmental
analyses.
(d) FIELD OFFICES.—The following Bureau of Land Management
Field Offices shall serve as the Pilot Project offices:
(1) Rawlins, Wyoming.
(2) Buffalo, Wyoming.
(3) Miles City, Montana.
(4) Farmington, New Mexico.
(5) Carlsbad, New Mexico.
(6) Grand Junction/Glenwood Springs, Colorado.
(7) Vernal, Utah.
(e) REPORTS.—Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report
that—
(1) outlines the results of the Pilot Project to date; and
(2) makes a recommendation to the President regarding
whether the Pilot Project should be implemented throughout
the United States.
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(f) ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL.—The Secretary shall assign to each
field office identified in subsection (d) any additional personnel
that are necessary to ensure the effective implementation of—
(1) the Pilot Project; and
(2) other programs administered by the field offices,
including inspection and enforcement relating to energy
development on Federal land, in accordance with the multiple
use mandate of the Federal Land Policy and Management
Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
(g) PERMIT PROCESSING IMPROVEMENT FUND.—Section 35 of
the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191) is amended by adding
at the end the following:
‘‘(c)(1) Notwithstanding the first sentence of subsection (a),
any rentals received from leases in any State (other than the
State of Alaska) on or after the date of enactment of this subsection
shall be deposited in the Treasury, to be allocated in accordance
with paragraph (2).
‘‘(2) Of the amounts deposited in the Treasury under paragraph
(1)—
‘‘(A) 50 percent shall be paid by the Secretary of the
Treasury to the State within the boundaries of which the leased
land is located or the deposits were derived; and
‘‘(B) 50 percent shall be deposited in a special fund in
the Treasury, to be known as the ‘BLM Permit Processing
Improvement Fund’ (referred to in this subsection as the
‘Fund’).
‘‘(3) For each of fiscal years 2006 through 2015, the Fund
shall be available to the Secretary of the Interior for expenditure,
without further appropriation and without fiscal year limitation,
for the coordination and processing of oil and gas use authorizations
on onshore Federal land under the jurisdiction of the Pilot Project
offices identified in section 365(d) of the Energy Policy Act of
2005.’’.
(h) TRANSFER OF FUNDS.—For the purposes of coordination
and processing of oil and gas use authorizations on Federal land
under the administration of the Pilot Project offices identified in
subsection (d), the Secretary may authorize the expenditure or
transfer of such funds as are necessary to—
(1) the United States Fish and Wildlife Service;
(2) the Bureau of Indian Affairs;
(3) the Forest Service;
(4) the Environmental Protection Agency;
(5) the Corps of Engineers; and
(6) the States of Wyoming, Montana, Colorado, Utah, and
New Mexico.
(i) FEES.—During the period in which the Pilot Project is
authorized, the Secretary shall not implement a rulemaking that
would enable an increase in fees to recover additional costs related
to processing drilling-related permit applications and use authorizations.
(j) SAVINGS PROVISION.—Nothing in this section affects—
(1) the operation of any Federal or State law; or
(2) any delegation of authority made by the head of a
Federal agency whose employees are participating in the Pilot
Project.
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SEC. 366. DEADLINE FOR CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATIONS FOR PERMITS.
Section 17 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 226) is
amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(p) DEADLINES FOR CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATIONS FOR PERMITS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 10 days after the date
on which the Secretary receives an application for any permit
to drill, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) notify the applicant that the application is complete; or
‘‘(B) notify the applicant that information is missing
and specify any information that is required to be submitted for the application to be complete.
‘‘(2) ISSUANCE OR DEFERRAL.—Not later than 30 days after
the applicant for a permit has submitted a complete application,
the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) issue the permit, if the requirements under the
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and other
applicable law have been completed within such timeframe;
or
‘‘(B) defer the decision on the permit and provide to
the applicant a notice—
‘‘(i) that specifies any steps that the applicant could
take for the permit to be issued; and
‘‘(ii) a list of actions that need to be taken by
the agency to complete compliance with applicable law
together with timelines and deadlines for completing
such actions.
‘‘(3) REQUIREMENTS FOR DEFERRED APPLICATIONS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—If the Secretary provides notice
under paragraph (2)(B), the applicant shall have a period
of 2 years from the date of receipt of the notice in which
to complete all requirements specified by the Secretary,
including providing information needed for compliance with
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.
‘‘(B) ISSUANCE OF DECISION ON PERMIT.—If the
applicant completes the requirements within the period
specified in subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall issue
a decision on the permit not later than 10 days after
the date of completion of the requirements described in
subparagraph (A), unless compliance with the National
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and other applicable
law has not been completed within such timeframe.
‘‘(C) DENIAL OF PERMIT.—If the applicant does not complete the requirements within the period specified in
subparagraph (A) or if the applicant does not comply with
applicable law, the Secretary shall deny the permit.’’.
SEC. 367. FAIR MARKET VALUE DETERMINATIONS FOR LINEAR
RIGHTS-OF-WAY ACROSS PUBLIC LANDS AND NATIONAL
FORESTS.
(a) UPDATE OF FEE SCHEDULE.—Not later than 1 year after
the date of enactment of this section—
(1) the Secretary of the Interior shall update section
2806.20 of title 43, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect
on the date of enactment of this section, to revise the per
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acre rental fee zone value schedule by State, county, and type
of linear right-of-way use to reflect current values of land
in each zone; and
(2) the Secretary of Agriculture shall make the same revision for linear rights-of-way granted, issued, or renewed under
title V of the Federal Lands Policy and Management Act of
1976 (43 U.S.C. 1761 et seq.) on National Forest System land.
(b) FAIR MARKET VALUE RENTAL DETERMINATION FOR LINEAR
RIGHTS-OF-WAY.—The fair market value rent of a linear right-ofway across public lands or National Forest System lands issued
under section 504 of the Federal Land Policy and Management
Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1764) or section 28 of the Mineral Leasing
Act (30 U.S.C. 185) shall be determined in accordance with subpart
2806 of title 43, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the
date of enactment of this section (including the annual or periodic
updates specified in the regulations) and as updated in accordance
with subsection (a).
SEC. 368. ENERGY RIGHT-OF-WAY CORRIDORS ON FEDERAL LAND.
(a) WESTERN STATES.—Not later than 2 years after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary
of Commerce, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy,
and the Secretary of the Interior (in this section referred to collectively as ‘‘the Secretaries’’), in consultation with the Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission, States, tribal or local units of governments
as appropriate, affected utility industries, and other interested persons, shall consult with each other and shall—
(1) designate, under their respective authorities, corridors
for oil, gas, and hydrogen pipelines and electricity transmission
and distribution facilities on Federal land in the eleven contiguous Western States (as defined in section 103(o) of the Federal
Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1702(o));
(2) perform any environmental reviews that may be
required to complete the designation of such corridors; and
(3) incorporate the designated corridors into the relevant
agency land use and resource management plans or equivalent
plans.
(b) OTHER STATES.—Not later than 4 years after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretaries, in consultation with the
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, affected utility industries,
and other interested persons, shall jointly—
(1) identify corridors for oil, gas, and hydrogen pipelines
and electricity transmission and distribution facilities on Federal land in States other than those described in subsection
(a); and
(2) schedule prompt action to identify, designate, and incorporate the corridors into the applicable land use plans.
(c) ONGOING RESPONSIBILITIES.—The Secretaries, in consultation with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, affected
utility industries, and other interested parties, shall establish procedures under their respective authorities that—
(1) ensure that additional corridors for oil, gas, and
hydrogen pipelines and electricity transmission and distribution
facilities on Federal land are promptly identified and designated
as necessary; and
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(2) expedite applications to construct or modify oil, gas,
and hydrogen pipelines and electricity transmission and distribution facilities within such corridors, taking into account
prior analyses and environmental reviews undertaken during
the designation of such corridors.
(d) CONSIDERATIONS.—In carrying out this section, the Secretaries shall take into account the need for upgraded and new
electricity transmission and distribution facilities to—
(1) improve reliability;
(2) relieve congestion; and
(3) enhance the capability of the national grid to deliver
electricity.
(e) SPECIFICATIONS OF CORRIDOR.—A corridor designated under
this section shall, at a minimum, specify the centerline, width,
and compatible uses of the corridor.
SEC. 369. OIL SHALE, TAR SANDS, AND OTHER STRATEGIC UNCONVENTIONAL FUELS.
(a) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the ‘‘Oil Shale,
Tar Sands, and Other Strategic Unconventional Fuels Act of 2005’’.
(b) DECLARATION OF POLICY.—Congress declares that it is the
policy of the United States that—
(1) United States oil shale, tar sands, and other unconventional fuels are strategically important domestic resources that
should be developed to reduce the growing dependence of the
United States on politically and economically unstable sources
of foreign oil imports;
(2) the development of oil shale, tar sands, and other strategic unconventional fuels, for research and commercial
development, should be conducted in an environmentally sound
manner, using practices that minimize impacts; and
(3) development of those strategic unconventional fuels
should occur, with an emphasis on sustainability, to benefit
the United States while taking into account affected States
and communities.
(c) LEASING PROGRAM FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF
OIL SHALE AND TAR SANDS.—In accordance with section 21 of
the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 241) and any other applicable
law, except as provided in this section, not later than 180 days
after the date of enactment of this Act, from land otherwise available for leasing, the Secretary of the Interior (referred to in this
section as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall make available for leasing such
land as the Secretary considers to be necessary to conduct research
and development activities with respect to technologies for the
recovery of liquid fuels from oil shale and tar sands resources
on public lands. Prospective public lands within each of the States
of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming shall be made available for such
research and development leasing.
(d) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT AND
COMMERCIAL LEASING PROGRAM FOR OIL SHALE AND TAR SANDS.—
(1) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT.—
Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this
Act, in accordance with section 102(2)(C) of the National
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)), the
Secretary shall complete a programmatic environmental impact
statement for a commercial leasing program for oil shale and
tar sands resources on public lands, with an emphasis on
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the most geologically prospective lands within each of the States
of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming.
(2) FINAL REGULATION.—Not later than 6 months after
the completion of the programmatic environmental impact
statement under this subsection, the Secretary shall publish
a final regulation establishing such program.
(e) COMMENCEMENT OF COMMERCIAL LEASING OF OIL SHALE
AND TAR SANDS.—Not later than 180 days after publication of
the final regulation required by subsection (d), the Secretary shall
consult with the Governors of States with significant oil shale
and tar sands resources on public lands, representatives of local
governments in such States, interested Indian tribes, and other
interested persons, to determine the level of support and interest
in the States in the development of tar sands and oil shale resources.
If the Secretary finds sufficient support and interest exists in a
State, the Secretary may conduct a lease sale in that State under
the commercial leasing program regulations. Evidence of interest
in a lease sale under this subsection shall include, but not be
limited to, appropriate areas nominated for leasing by potential
lessees and other interested parties.
(f) DILIGENT DEVELOPMENT REQUIREMENTS.—The Secretary
shall, by regulation, designate work requirements and milestones
to ensure the diligent development of the lease.
(g) INITIAL REPORT BY THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.—
Within 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary
of the Interior shall report to the Committee on Resources of the
House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate on—
(1) the interim actions necessary to—
(A) develop the program, complete the programmatic
environmental impact statement, and promulgate the final
regulation as required by subsection (d); and
(B) conduct the first lease sales under the program
as required by subsection (e); and
(2) a schedule to complete such actions within the time
limits mandated by this section.
(h) TASK FORCE.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary of Energy, in cooperation with the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of
Defense, shall establish a task force to develop a program
to coordinate and accelerate the commercial development of
strategic unconventional fuels, including but not limited to
oil shale and tar sands resources within the United States,
in an integrated manner.
(2) COMPOSITION.—The Task Force shall be composed of—
(A) the Secretary of Energy (or the designee of the
Secretary);
(B) the Secretary of the Interior (or the designee of
the Secretary of the Interior);
(C) the Secretary of Defense (or the designee of the
Secretary of Defense);
(D) the Governors of affected States; and
(E) representatives of local governments in affected
areas.
(3) RECOMMENDATIONS.—The Task Force shall make such
recommendations regarding promoting the development of the
H. R. 6—137
strategic unconventional fuels resources within the United
States as it may deem appropriate.
(4) PARTNERSHIPS.—The Task Force shall make recommendations with respect to initiating a partnership with
the Province of Alberta, Canada, for purposes of sharing
information relating to the development and production of oil
from tar sands, and similar partnerships with other nations
that contain significant oil shale resources.
(5) REPORTS.—
(A) INITIAL REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after
the date of enactment of this Act, the Task Force shall
submit to the President and Congress a report that
describes the analysis and recommendations of the Task
Force.
(B) SUBSEQUENT REPORTS.—The Secretary shall provide an annual report describing the progress in developing
the strategic unconventional fuels resources within the
United States for each of the 5 years following submission
of the report provided for in subparagraph (A).
(i) OFFICE OF PETROLEUM RESERVES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Office of Petroleum Reserves of the
Department of Energy shall—
(A) coordinate the creation and implementation of a
commercial strategic fuel development program for the
United States;
(B) evaluate the strategic importance of unconventional
sources of strategic fuels to the security of the United
States;
(C) promote and coordinate Federal Government
actions that facilitate the development of strategic fuels
in order to effectively address the energy supply needs
of the United States;
(D) identify, assess, and recommend appropriate
actions of the Federal Government required to assist in
the development and manufacturing of strategic fuels; and
(E) coordinate and facilitate appropriate relationships
between private industry and the Federal Government to
promote sufficient and timely private investment to
commercialize strategic fuels for domestic and military use.
(2) CONSULTATION AND COORDINATION.—The Office of Petroleum Reserves shall work closely with the Task Force and
coordinate its staff support.
(3) ANNUAL REPORTS.—Not later than 180 days after the
date of enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that describes
the activities of the Office of Petroleum Reserves carried out
under this subsection.
(j) MINERAL LEASING ACT AMENDMENTS.—
(1) SECTION 17.—Section 17(b)(2) of the Mineral Leasing
Act (30 U.S.C. 226(b)(2)), as amended by section 350, is further
amended—
(A) in subparagraph (A) (as designated by the amendment made by subsection (a)(1) of that section) by designating the first, second, and third sentences as clauses
(i), (ii), and (iii), respectively;
(B) by moving clause (ii), as so designated, so as to
begin immediately after and below clause (i);
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(C) by moving clause (iii), as so designated, so as
to begin immediately after and below clause (ii);
(D) in clause (i) of subparagraph (A) (as designated
by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph) by striking ‘‘five
thousand one hundred and twenty’’ and inserting ‘‘5,760’’;
and
(E) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(iv) No lease issued under this paragraph shall be included
in any chargeability limitation associated with oil and gas
leases.’’.
(2) SECTION 21.—Section 21(a) of the Mineral Leasing Act
(30 U.S.C. 241(a)) is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘(a) That the Secretary’’ and inserting
the following:
‘‘(a)(1) The Secretary’’;
(B) by striking ‘‘; that no lease’’ and inserting a period,
followed by the following:
‘‘(2) No lease’’;
(C) by striking ‘‘Leases may be for’’ and inserting the
following:
‘‘(3) Leases may be for’’;
(D) by striking ‘‘For the privilege’’ and inserting the
following:
‘‘(4) For the privilege’’;
(E) in paragraph (2) (as designated by subparagraph
(B) of this paragraph) by striking ‘‘five thousand one hundred and twenty’’ and inserting ‘‘5,760’’;
(F) in paragraph (4) (as designated by subparagraph
(D) of this paragraph) by striking ‘‘rate of 50 cents per
acre’’ and inserting ‘‘rate of $2.00 per acre’’;
(G)(i) by striking ‘‘: Provided further, That not more
than one lease shall be granted under this section to any’’
and inserting ‘‘: Provided further, That no’’; and
(ii) by striking ‘‘except that with respect to leases for’’
and inserting ‘‘shall acquire or hold more than 50,000 acres
of oil shale leases in any one State. For’’; and
(H) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(5) No lease issued under this section shall be included
in any chargeability limitation associated with oil and gas
leases.’’.
(k) INTERAGENCY COORDINATION AND EXPEDITIOUS REVIEW OF
PERMITTING PROCESS.—
(1) DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AS LEAD AGENCY.—Upon
written request of a prospective applicant for Federal authorization to develop a proposed oil shale or tar sands project, the
Department of the Interior shall act as the lead Federal agency
for the purposes of coordinating all applicable Federal
authorizations and environmental reviews. To the maximum
extent practicable under applicable Federal law, the Secretary
shall coordinate this Federal authorization and review process
with any Indian tribes and State and local agencies responsible
for conducting any separate permitting and environmental
reviews.
(2) IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS.—Not later than 6 months
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall
issue any regulations necessary to implement this subsection.
(l) COST-SHARED DEMONSTRATION TECHNOLOGIES.—
H. R. 6—139
(1) IDENTIFICATION.—The Secretary of Energy shall identify
technologies for the development of oil shale and tar sands
that—
(A) are ready for demonstration at a commerciallyrepresentative scale; and
(B) have a high probability of leading to commercial
production.
(2) ASSISTANCE.—For each technology identified under
paragraph (1), the Secretary of Energy may provide—
(A) technical assistance;
(B) assistance in meeting environmental and regulatory requirements; and
(C) cost-sharing assistance.
(m) NATIONAL OIL SHALE AND TAR SANDS ASSESSMENT.—
(1) ASSESSMENT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a
national assessment of oil shale and tar sands resources
for the purposes of evaluating and mapping oil shale and
tar sands deposits, in the geographic areas described in
subparagraph (B). In conducting such an assessment, the
Secretary shall make use of the extensive geological assessment work for oil shale and tar sands already conducted
by the United States Geological Survey.
(B) GEOGRAPHIC AREAS.—The geographic areas referred
to in subparagraph (A), listed in the order in which the
Secretary shall assign priority, are—
(i) the Green River Region of the States of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming;
(ii) the Devonian oil shales and other hydrocarbonbearing rocks having the nomenclature of ‘‘shale’’
located east of the Mississippi River; and
(iii) any remaining area in the central and western
United States (including the State of Alaska) that contains oil shale and tar sands, as determined by the
Secretary.
(2) USE OF STATE SURVEYS AND UNIVERSITIES.—In carrying
out the assessment under paragraph (1), the Secretary may
request assistance from any State-administered geological
survey or university.
(n) LAND EXCHANGES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—To facilitate the recovery of oil shale
and tar sands, especially in areas where Federal, State, and
private lands are intermingled, the Secretary shall consider
the use of land exchanges where appropriate and feasible to
consolidate land ownership and mineral interests into manageable areas.
(2) IDENTIFICATION AND PRIORITY OF PUBLIC LANDS.—The
Secretary shall identify public lands containing deposits of oil
shale or tar sands within the Green River, Piceance Creek,
Uintah, and Washakie geologic basins, and shall give priority
to implementing land exchanges within those basins. The Secretary shall consider the geology of the respective basin in
determining the optimum size of the lands to be consolidated.
(3) COMPLIANCE WITH SECTION 206 OF FLPMA.—A land
exchange undertaken in furtherance of this subsection shall
be implemented in accordance with section 206 of the Federal
Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1716).
H. R. 6—140
(o) ROYALTY RATES FOR LEASES.—The Secretary shall establish
royalties, fees, rentals, bonus, or other payments for leases under
this section that shall—
(1) encourage development of the oil shale and tar sands
resource; and
(2) ensure a fair return to the United States.
(p) HEAVY OIL TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT.—The
Secretary of Energy shall update the 1987 technical and economic
assessment of domestic heavy oil resources that was prepared by
the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission. Such an update
should include all of North America and cover all unconventional
oil, including heavy oil, tar sands (oil sands), and oil shale.
(q) PROCUREMENT OF UNCONVENTIONAL FUELS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 141 of title 10, United States
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2398 the following:
‘‘§ 2398a. Procurement of fuel derived from coal, oil shale,
and tar sands
‘‘(a) USE OF FUEL TO MEET DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NEEDS.—
The Secretary of Defense shall develop a strategy to use fuel produced, in whole or in part, from coal, oil shale, and tar sands
(referred to in this section as a ‘covered fuel’) that are extracted
by either mining or in-situ methods and refined or otherwise processed in the United States in order to assist in meeting the fuel
requirements of the Department of Defense when the Secretary
determines that it is in the national interest.
‘‘(b) AUTHORITY TO PROCURE.—The Secretary of Defense may
enter into 1 or more contracts or other agreements (that meet
the requirements of this section) to procure a covered fuel to meet
1 or more fuel requirements of the Department of Defense.
‘‘(c) CLEAN FUEL REQUIREMENTS.—A covered fuel may be procured under subsection (b) only if the covered fuel meets such
standards for clean fuel produced from domestic sources as the
Secretary of Defense shall establish for purposes of this section
in consultation with the Department of Energy.
‘‘(d) MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY.—Subject to applicable
provisions of law, any contract or other agreement for the procurement of covered fuel under subsection (b) may be for 1 or more
years at the election of the Secretary of Defense.
‘‘(e) FUEL SOURCE ANALYSIS.—In order to facilitate the procurement by the Department of Defense of covered fuel under subsection
(b), the Secretary of Defense may carry out a comprehensive assessment of current and potential locations in the United States for
the supply of covered fuel to the Department.’’.
(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for
chapter 141 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by
inserting after the item relating to section 2398 the following:
‘‘2398a. Procurement of fuel derived from coal, oil shale, and tar sands.’’.
(r) STATE WATER RIGHTS.—Nothing in this section preempts
or affects any State water law or interstate compact relating to
water.
(s) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section.
H. R. 6—141
SEC. 370. FINGER LAKES WITHDRAWAL.
All Federal land within the boundary of Finger Lakes National
Forest in the State of New York is withdrawn from—
(1) all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal under
the public land laws; and
(2) disposition under all laws relating to oil and gas leasing.
SEC. 371. REINSTATEMENT OF LEASES.
(a) LEASES TERMINATED FOR CERTAIN FAILURE TO PAY
RENTAL.—Notwithstanding section 31(d)(2)(B) of the Mineral
Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 188(d)(2)(B)) as in effect before the effective
date of this section, and notwithstanding the amendment made
by subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary of the Interior may
reinstate any oil and gas lease issued under that Act that was
terminated for failure of a lessee to pay the full amount of rental
on or before the anniversary date of the lease, during the period
beginning on September 1, 2001, and ending on June 30, 2004,
if—
(1) not later than 120 days after the date of enactment
of this Act, the lessee—
(A) files a petition for reinstatement of the lease;
(B) complies with the conditions of section 31(e) of
the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 188(e)); and
(C) certifies that the lessee did not receive a notice
of termination by the date that was 13 months before
the date of termination; and
(2) the land is available for leasing.
(b) DEADLINE FOR PETITIONS, GENERALLY.—Section 31(d)(2) of
the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 188(d)(2)) is amended by striking
subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) with respect to any lease that terminated under
subsection (b) on or before the date of the enactment of
the Energy Policy Act of 2005, a petition for reinstatement
(together with the required back rental and royalty
accruing after the date of termination) is filed on or before
the earlier of—
‘‘(i) 60 days after the lessee receives from the Secretary notice of termination, whether by return of check
or by any other form of actual notice; or
‘‘(ii) 15 months after the termination of the lease;
or
‘‘(B) with respect to any lease that terminates under
subsection (b) after the date of the enactment of the Energy
Policy Act of 2005, a petition for reinstatement (together
with the required back rental and royalty accruing after
the date of termination) is filed on or before the earlier
of—
‘‘(i) 60 days after receipt of the notice of termination sent by the Secretary by certified mail to all
lessees of record; or
‘‘(ii) 24 months after the termination of the lease.’’.
SEC. 372. CONSULTATION REGARDING ENERGY RIGHTS-OF-WAY ON
PUBLIC LAND.
(a) MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING.—
H. R. 6—142
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 6 months after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Defense with respect to lands
under their respective jurisdictions, shall enter into a memorandum of understanding to coordinate all applicable Federal
authorizations and environmental reviews relating to a proposed or existing utility facility. To the maximum extent practicable under applicable law, the Secretary of Energy shall,
to ensure timely review and permit decisions, coordinate such
authorizations and reviews with any Indian tribes, multi-State
entities, and State agencies that are responsible for conducting
any separate permitting and environmental reviews of the
affected utility facility.
(2) CONTENTS.—The memorandum of understanding shall
include provisions that—
(A) establish—
(i) a unified right-of-way application form; and
(ii) an administrative procedure for processing
right-of-way applications, including lines of authority,
steps in application processing, and timeframes for
application processing;
(B) provide for coordination of planning relating to
the granting of the rights-of-way;
(C) provide for an agreement among the affected Federal agencies to prepare a single environmental review
document to be used as the basis for all Federal authorization decisions; and
(D) provide for coordination of use of right-of-way stipulations to achieve consistency.
(b) NATURAL GAS PIPELINES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—With respect to permitting activities for
interstate natural gas pipelines, the May 2002 document entitled ‘‘Interagency Agreement On Early Coordination Of
Required Environmental And Historic Preservation Reviews
Conducted In Conjunction With The Issuance Of Authorizations
To Construct And Operate Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines
Certificated By The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’’
shall constitute compliance with subsection (a).
(2) REPORT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date
of enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter,
agencies that are signatories to the document referred to
in paragraph (1) shall transmit to Congress a report on
how the agencies under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries
are incorporating and implementing the provisions of the
document referred to in paragraph (1).
(B) CONTENTS.—The report shall address—
(i) efforts to implement the provisions of the document referred to in paragraph (1);
(ii) whether the efforts have had a streamlining
effect;
(iii) further improvements to the permitting
process of the agency; and
(iv) recommendations for inclusion of State and
tribal governments in a coordinated permitting process.
H. R. 6—143
(c) DEFINITION OF UTILITY FACILITY.—In this section, the term
‘‘utility facility’’ means any privately, publicly, or cooperatively
owned line, facility, or system—
(1) for the transportation of—
(A) oil, natural gas, synthetic liquid fuel, or gaseous
fuel;
(B) any refined product produced from oil, natural
gas, synthetic liquid fuel, or gaseous fuel; or
(C) products in support of the production of material
referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B);
(2) for storage and terminal facilities in connection with
the production of material referred to in paragraph (1); or
(3) for the generation, transmission, and distribution of
electric energy.
SEC. 373. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING DEVELOPMENT OF MINERALS UNDER PADRE ISLAND NATIONAL SEASHORE.
(a) FINDINGS.—Congress finds the following:
(1) Pursuant to Public Law 87–712 (16 U.S.C. 459d et
seq.; popularly known as the ‘‘Federal Enabling Act’’) and various deeds and actions under that Act, the United States is
the owner of only the surface estate of certain lands constituting
the Padre Island National Seashore.
(2) Ownership of the oil, gas, and other minerals in the
subsurface estate of the lands constituting the Padre Island
National Seashore was never acquired by the United States,
and ownership of those interests is held by the State of Texas
and private parties.
(3) Public Law 87–712 (16 U.S.C. 459d et seq.)—
(A) expressly contemplated that the United States
would recognize the ownership and future development
of the oil, gas, and other minerals in the subsurface estate
of the lands constituting the Padre Island National Seashore by the owners and their mineral lessees; and
(B) recognized that approval of the State of Texas
was required to create Padre Island National Seashore.
(4) Approval was given for the creation of Padre Island
National Seashore by the State of Texas through Tex. Rev.
Civ. Stat. Ann. Art. 6077(t) (Vernon 1970), which expressly
recognized that development of the oil, gas, and other minerals
in the subsurface of the lands constituting Padre Island
National Seashore would be conducted with full rights of ingress
and egress under the laws of the State of Texas.
(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that
with regard to Federal law, any regulation of the development
of oil, gas, or other minerals in the subsurface of the lands constituting Padre Island National Seashore should be made as if those
lands retained the status that the lands had on September 27,
1962.
SEC. 374. LIVINGSTON PARISH MINERAL RIGHTS TRANSFER.
Section 102 of Public Law 102–562 (106 Stat. 4234) is amended
by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) RESERVATION OF OIL AND GAS RIGHTS AND CONVEYANCE
OF REMAINING MINERAL RIGHTS.—Subject to the limitations set
forth in subsection (c), the United States hereby excepts and
reserves from the provisions of subsection (a), all rights to oil
and gas underlying such lands, along with the right to explore
H. R. 6—144
for, and produce the oil and gas under applicable law and such
regulations as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe. Not
later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Energy
Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary of the Interior shall convey the
remaining mineral rights to the parties who as of the date of
enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 would be recognized
as holders of a right, title, or interest to any portion of such
minerals under the laws of the State of Louisiana, but for the
interest of the United States in such minerals.
‘‘(c) OIL AND GAS RESOURCE ASSESSMENT AND REPORT.—The
United States Geological Survey shall conduct a resource assessment and publish a report of the findings of such resource assessment (‘USGS Assessment and Report’) within 1 year of the date
of enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The USGS Assessment and Report shall provide an assessment of all oil and gas
resources underlying the certain lands in Livingston Parish, Louisiana, as described in section 103 (the ‘Livingston Parish lands’).
Upon a finding by the Secretary of the Interior based upon the
USGS Assessment and Report that it is unlikely that economically
recoverable oil and gas resources are present, the Secretary shall
convey all rights to oil and gas underlying such lands to the recipients, or their successors, heirs, or assigns, of the conveyances under
subsection (b). Such further conveyances shall be made within
180 days after a finding by the Secretary that it is unlikely that
economically recoverable oil and gas resources are present.’’.
Subtitle G—Miscellaneous
SEC. 381. DEADLINE FOR DECISION ON APPEALS OF CONSISTENCY
DETERMINATION UNDER THE COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1972.
Section 319 of the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16
U.S.C. 1465) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘APPEALS
TO THE SECRETARY
‘‘SEC. 319. (a) NOTICE.—Not later than 30 days after the date
of the filing of an appeal to the Secretary of a consistency determination under section 307, the Secretary shall publish an initial notice
in the Federal Register.
‘‘(b) CLOSURE OF RECORD.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than the end of the 160-day
period beginning on the date of publication of an initial notice
under subsection (a), except as provided in paragraph (3), the
Secretary shall immediately close the decision record and
receive no more filings on the appeal.
‘‘(2) NOTICE.—After closing the administrative record, the
Secretary shall immediately publish a notice in the Federal
Register that the administrative record has been closed.
‘‘(3) EXCEPTION.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraph (B), during
the 160-day period described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may stay the closing of the decision record—
‘‘(i) for a specific period mutually agreed to in
writing by the appellant and the State agency; or
‘‘(ii) as the Secretary determines necessary to
receive, on an expedited basis—
H. R. 6—145
‘‘(I) any supplemental information specifically
requested by the Secretary to complete a consistency review under this Act; or
‘‘(II) any clarifying information submitted by
a party to the proceeding related to information
in the consolidated record compiled by the lead
Federal permitting agency.
‘‘(B) APPLICABILITY.—The Secretary may only stay the
160-day period described in paragraph (1) for a period
not to exceed 60 days.
‘‘(c) DEADLINE FOR DECISION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 60 days after the date
of publication of a Federal Register notice stating when the
decision record for an appeal has been closed, the Secretary
shall issue a decision or publish a notice in the Federal Register
explaining why a decision cannot be issued at that time.
‘‘(2) SUBSEQUENT DECISION.—Not later than 15 days after
the date of publication of a Federal Register notice explaining
why a decision cannot be issued within the 60-day period,
the Secretary shall issue a decision.’’.
SEC. 382. APPEALS RELATING TO OFFSHORE MINERAL DEVELOPMENT.
For any Federal administrative agency proceeding that is an
appeal or review under section 319 of the Coastal Zone Management
Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1465), as amended by this Act, related
to any Federal authorization for the permitting, approval, or other
authorization of an energy project, the lead Federal permitting
agency for the project shall, with the cooperation of Federal and
State administrative agencies, maintain a consolidated record of
all decisions made or actions taken by the lead agency or by another
Federal or State administrative agency or officer. Such record shall
be the initial record for appeals or reviews under that Act, provided
that the record may be supplemented as expressly provided pursuant to section 319 of that Act.
SEC. 383. ROYALTY PAYMENTS UNDER LEASES UNDER THE OUTER
CONTINENTAL SHELF LANDS ACT.
(a) ROYALTY RELIEF.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—For purposes of providing compensation
for lessees and a State for which amounts are authorized by
section 6004(c) of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (Public Law
101–380), a lessee may withhold from payment any royalty
due and owing to the United States under any leases under
the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1301 et
seq.) for offshore oil or gas production from a covered lease
tract if, on or before the date that the payment is due and
payable to the United States, the lessee makes a payment
to the State of 44 cents for every $1 of royalty withheld.
(2) TREATMENT OF AMOUNTS.—Any royalty withheld by a
lessee in accordance with this section (including any portion
thereof that is paid to the State under paragraph (1)) shall
be treated as paid for purposes of satisfaction of the royalty
obligations of the lessee to the United States.
(3) CERTIFICATION OF WITHHELD AMOUNTS.—The Secretary
of the Treasury shall—
(A) determine the amount of royalty withheld by a
lessee under this section; and
H. R. 6—146
(B) promptly publish a certification when the total
amount of royalty withheld by the lessee under this section
is equal to—
(i) the dollar amount stated at page 47 of Senate
Report number 101–534, which is designated therein
as the total drainage claim for the West Delta field;
plus
(ii) interest as described at page 47 of that Report.
(b) PERIOD OF ROYALTY RELIEF.—Subsection (a) shall apply
to royalty amounts that are due and payable in the period beginning
on October 1, 2006, and ending on the date on which the Secretary
of the Treasury publishes a certification under subsection (a)(3)(B).
(c) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section:
(1) COVERED LEASE TRACT.—The term ‘‘covered lease tract’’
means a leased tract (or portion of a leased tract)—
(A) lying seaward of the zone defined and governed
by section 8(g) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
(43 U.S.C. 1337(g)); or
(B) lying within such zone but to which such section
does not apply.
(2) LESSEE.—The term ‘‘lessee’’—
(A) means a person or entity that, on the date of
the enactment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, was a
lessee referred to in section 6004(c) of that Act (as in
effect on that date of the enactment), but did not hold
lease rights in Federal offshore lease OCS–G–5669; and
(B) includes successors and affiliates of a person or
entity described in subparagraph (A).
SEC. 384. COASTAL IMPACT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
Section 31 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C.
1356a) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 31. COASTAL IMPACT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
‘‘(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) COASTAL POLITICAL SUBDIVISION.—The term ‘coastal
political subdivision’ means a political subdivision of a coastal
State any part of which political subdivision is—
‘‘(A) within the coastal zone (as defined in section
304 of the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16
U.S.C. 1453)) of the coastal State as of the date of enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005; and
‘‘(B) not more than 200 nautical miles from the
geographic center of any leased tract.
‘‘(2) COASTAL POPULATION.—The term ‘coastal population’
means the population, as determined by the most recent official
data of the Census Bureau, of each political subdivision any
part of which lies within the designated coastal boundary of
a State (as defined in a State’s coastal zone management program under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16
U.S.C. 1451 et seq.)).
‘‘(3) COASTAL STATE.—The term ‘coastal State’ has the
meaning given the term in section 304 of the Coastal Zone
Management Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1453).
‘‘(4) COASTLINE.—The term ‘coastline’ has the meaning
given the term ‘coast line’ in section 2 of the Submerged Lands
Act (43 U.S.C. 1301).
H. R. 6—147
‘‘(5) DISTANCE.—The term ‘distance’ means the minimum
great circle distance, measured in statute miles.
‘‘(6) LEASED TRACT.—The term ‘leased tract’ means a tract
that is subject to a lease under section 6 or 8 for the purpose
of drilling for, developing, and producing oil or natural gas
resources.
‘‘(7) LEASING MORATORIA.—The term ‘leasing moratoria’
means the prohibitions on preleasing, leasing, and related
activities on any geographic area of the outer Continental Shelf
as contained in sections 107 through 109 of division E of the
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108–447;
118 Stat. 3063).
‘‘(8) POLITICAL SUBDIVISION.—The term ‘political subdivision’ means the local political jurisdiction immediately below
the level of State government, including counties, parishes,
and boroughs.
‘‘(9) PRODUCING STATE.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘producing State’ means
a coastal State that has a coastal seaward boundary within
200 nautical miles of the geographic center of a leased
tract within any area of the outer Continental Shelf.
‘‘(B) EXCLUSION.—The term ‘producing State’ does not
include a producing State, a majority of the coastline of
which is subject to leasing moratoria, unless production
was occurring on January 1, 2005, from a lease within
10 nautical miles of the coastline of that State.
‘‘(10) QUALIFIED OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF REVENUES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘qualified Outer Continental Shelf revenues’ means all amounts received by the
United States from each leased tract or portion of a leased
tract—
‘‘(i) lying—
‘‘(I) seaward of the zone covered by section
8(g); or
‘‘(II) within that zone, but to which section
8(g) does not apply; and
‘‘(ii) the geographic center of which lies within
a distance of 200 nautical miles from any part of the
coastline of any coastal State.
‘‘(B) INCLUSIONS.—The term ‘qualified Outer Continental Shelf revenues’ includes bonus bids, rents, royalties
(including payments for royalty taken in kind and sold),
net profit share payments, and related late-payment
interest from natural gas and oil leases issued under this
Act.
‘‘(C) EXCLUSION.—The term ‘qualified Outer Continental Shelf revenues’ does not include any revenues from
a leased tract or portion of a leased tract that is located
in a geographic area subject to a leasing moratorium on
January 1, 2005, unless the lease was in production on
January 1, 2005.
‘‘(b) PAYMENTS TO PRODUCING STATES AND COASTAL POLITICAL
SUBDIVISIONS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall, without further
appropriation, disburse to producing States and coastal political
subdivisions in accordance with this section $250,000,000 for
each of fiscal years 2007 through 2010.
H. R. 6—148
‘‘(2) DISBURSEMENT.—In each fiscal year, the Secretary
shall disburse to each producing State for which the Secretary
has approved a plan under subsection (c), and to coastal political
subdivisions under paragraph (4), such funds as are allocated
to the producing State or coastal political subdivision, respectively, under this section for the fiscal year.
‘‘(3) ALLOCATION AMONG PRODUCING STATES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph
(C) and subject to subparagraph (D), the amounts available
under paragraph (1) shall be allocated to each producing
State based on the ratio that—
‘‘(i) the amount of qualified outer Continental Shelf
revenues generated off the coastline of the producing
State; bears to
‘‘(ii) the amount of qualified outer Continental
Shelf revenues generated off the coastline of all producing States.
‘‘(B) AMOUNT OF OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF REVENUES.—For purposes of subparagraph (A)—
‘‘(i) the amount of qualified outer Continental Shelf
revenues for each of fiscal years 2007 and 2008 shall
be determined using qualified outer Continental Shelf
revenues received for fiscal year 2006; and
‘‘(ii) the amount of qualified outer Continental
Shelf revenues for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010
shall be determined using qualified outer Continental
Shelf revenues received for fiscal year 2008.
‘‘(C) MULTIPLE PRODUCING STATES.—In a case in which
more than one producing State is located within 200 nautical miles of any portion of a leased tract, the amount
allocated to each producing State for the leased tract shall
be inversely proportional to the distance between—
‘‘(i) the nearest point on the coastline of the producing State; and
‘‘(ii) the geographic center of the leased tract.
‘‘(D) MINIMUM ALLOCATION.—The amount allocated to
a producing State under subparagraph (A) shall be at least
1 percent of the amounts available under paragraph (1).
‘‘(4) PAYMENTS TO COASTAL POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall pay 35 percent
of the allocable share of each producing State, as determined under paragraph (3) to the coastal political subdivisions in the producing State.
‘‘(B) FORMULA.—Of the amount paid by the Secretary
to coastal political subdivisions under subparagraph (A)—
‘‘(i) 25 percent shall be allocated to each coastal
political subdivision in the proportion that—
‘‘(I) the coastal population of the coastal political subdivision; bears to
‘‘(II) the coastal population of all coastal political subdivisions in the producing State;
‘‘(ii) 25 percent shall be allocated to each coastal
political subdivision in the proportion that—
‘‘(I) the number of miles of coastline of the
coastal political subdivision; bears to
H. R. 6—149
‘‘(II) the number of miles of coastline of all
coastal political subdivisions in the producing
State; and
‘‘(iii) 50 percent shall be allocated in amounts that
are inversely proportional to the respective distances
between the points in each coastal political subdivision
that are closest to the geographic center of each leased
tract, as determined by the Secretary.
‘‘(C) EXCEPTION FOR THE STATE OF LOUISIANA.—For
the purposes of subparagraph (B)(ii), the coastline for
coastal political subdivisions in the State of Louisiana without a coastline shall be considered to be 1⁄3 the average
length of the coastline of all coastal political subdivisions
with a coastline in the State of Louisiana.
‘‘(D) EXCEPTION FOR THE STATE OF ALASKA.—For the
purposes of carrying out subparagraph (B)(iii) in the State
of Alaska, the amounts allocated shall be divided equally
among the two coastal political subdivisions that are closest
to the geographic center of a leased tract.
‘‘(E) EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN LEASED TRACTS.—For purposes of subparagraph (B)(iii), a leased tract or portion
of a leased tract shall be excluded if the tract or portion
of a leased tract is located in a geographic area subject
to a leasing moratorium on January 1, 2005, unless the
lease was in production on that date.
‘‘(5) NO APPROVED PLAN.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraph (B) and
except as provided in subparagraph (C), in a case in which
any amount allocated to a producing State or coastal political subdivision under paragraph (4) or (5) is not disbursed
because the producing State does not have in effect a
plan that has been approved by the Secretary under subsection (c), the Secretary shall allocate the undisbursed
amount equally among all other producing States.
‘‘(B) RETENTION OF ALLOCATION.—The Secretary shall
hold in escrow an undisbursed amount described in
subparagraph (A) until such date as the final appeal
regarding the disapproval of a plan submitted under subsection (c) is decided.
‘‘(C) WAIVER.—The Secretary may waive subparagraph
(A) with respect to an allocated share of a producing State
and hold the allocable share in escrow if the Secretary
determines that the producing State is making a good
faith effort to develop and submit, or update, a plan in
accordance with subsection (c).
‘‘(c) COASTAL IMPACT ASSISTANCE PLAN.—
‘‘(1) SUBMISSION OF STATE PLANS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than July 1, 2008, the
Governor of a producing State shall submit to the Secretary
a coastal impact assistance plan.
‘‘(B) PUBLIC PARTICIPATION.—In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Governor shall solicit local input and provide
for public participation in the development of the plan.
‘‘(2) APPROVAL.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall approve a plan
of a producing State submitted under paragraph (1) before
disbursing any amount to the producing State, or to a
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coastal political subdivision located in the producing State,
under this section.
‘‘(B) COMPONENTS.—The Secretary shall approve a plan
submitted under paragraph (1) if—
‘‘(i) the Secretary determines that the plan is consistent with the uses described in subsection (d); and
‘‘(ii) the plan contains—
‘‘(I) the name of the State agency that will
have the authority to represent and act on behalf
of the producing State in dealing with the Secretary for purposes of this section;
‘‘(II) a program for the implementation of the
plan that describes how the amounts provided
under this section to the producing State will be
used;
‘‘(III) for each coastal political subdivision that
receives an amount under this section—
‘‘(aa) the name of a contact person; and
‘‘(bb) a description of how the coastal political subdivision will use amounts provided
under this section;
‘‘(IV) a certification by the Governor that
ample opportunity has been provided for public
participation in the development and revision of
the plan; and
‘‘(V) a description of measures that will be
taken to determine the availability of assistance
from other relevant Federal resources and programs.
‘‘(3) AMENDMENT.—Any amendment to a plan submitted
under paragraph (1) shall be—
‘‘(A) developed in accordance with this subsection; and
‘‘(B) submitted to the Secretary for approval or disapproval under paragraph (4).
‘‘(4) PROCEDURE.—Not later than 90 days after the date
on which a plan or amendment to a plan is submitted under
paragraph (1) or (3), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove
the plan or amendment.
‘‘(d) AUTHORIZED USES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A producing State or coastal political
subdivision shall use all amounts received under this section,
including any amount deposited in a trust fund that is administered by the State or coastal political subdivision and dedicated
to uses consistent with this section, in accordance with all
applicable Federal and State laws, only for one or more of
the following purposes:
‘‘(A) Projects and activities for the conservation, protection, or restoration of coastal areas, including wetland.
‘‘(B) Mitigation of damage to fish, wildlife, or natural
resources.
‘‘(C) Planning assistance and the administrative costs
of complying with this section.
‘‘(D) Implementation of a federally-approved marine,
coastal, or comprehensive conservation management plan.
‘‘(E) Mitigation of the impact of outer Continental Shelf
activities through funding of onshore infrastructure projects
and public service needs.
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‘‘(2) COMPLIANCE WITH AUTHORIZED USES.—If the Secretary
determines that any expenditure made by a producing State
or coastal political subdivision is not consistent with this subsection, the Secretary shall not disburse any additional amount
under this section to the producing State or the coastal political
subdivision until such time as all amounts obligated for
unauthorized uses have been repaid or reobligated for authorized uses.
‘‘(3) LIMITATION.—Not more than 23 percent of amounts
received by a producing State or coastal political subdivision
for any 1 fiscal year shall be used for the purposes described
in subparagraphs (C) and (E) of paragraph (1).’’.
SEC. 385. STUDY OF AVAILABILITY OF SKILLED WORKERS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall enter into an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences under which the
National Academy of Sciences shall conduct a study of the shortterm and long-term availability of skilled workers to meet the
energy and mineral security requirements of the United States.
(b) INCLUSIONS.—The study shall include an analysis of—
(1) the need for and availability of workers for the oil,
gas, and mineral industries;
(2) the availability of skilled labor at both entry level
and more senior levels; and
(3) recommendations for future actions needed to meet
future labor requirements.
(c) REPORT.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that
describes the results of the study.
SEC. 386. GREAT LAKES OIL AND GAS DRILLING BAN.
No Federal or State permit or lease shall be issued for new
oil and gas slant, directional, or offshore drilling in or under one
or more of the Great Lakes.
SEC. 387. FEDERAL COALBED METHANE REGULATION.
Any State currently on the list of Affected States established
under section 1339(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C.
13368(b)) shall be removed from the list if, not later than 3 years
after the date of enactment of this Act, the State takes, or prior
to the date of enactment has taken, any of the actions required
for removal from the list under such section 1339(b).
SEC. 388. ALTERNATE ENERGY-RELATED USES ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF.
(a) AMENDMENT TO OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF LANDS ACT.—
Section 8 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C.
1337) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(p) LEASES, EASEMENTS, OR RIGHTS-OF-WAY FOR ENERGY AND
RELATED PURPOSES.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in consultation with the
Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is
operating and other relevant departments and agencies of the
Federal Government, may grant a lease, easement, or rightof-way on the outer Continental Shelf for activities not otherwise authorized in this Act, the Deepwater Port Act of 1974
(33 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
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Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9101 et seq.), or other applicable law,
if those activities—
‘‘(A) support exploration, development, production, or
storage of oil or natural gas, except that a lease, easement,
or right-of-way shall not be granted in an area in which
oil and gas preleasing, leasing, and related activities are
prohibited by a moratorium;
‘‘(B) support transportation of oil or natural gas,
excluding shipping activities;
‘‘(C) produce or support production, transportation, or
transmission of energy from sources other than oil and
gas; or
‘‘(D) use, for energy-related purposes or for other
authorized marine-related purposes, facilities currently or
previously used for activities authorized under this Act,
except that any oil and gas energy-related uses shall not
be authorized in areas in which oil and gas preleasing,
leasing, and related activities are prohibited by a moratorium.
‘‘(2) PAYMENTS AND REVENUES.—(A) The Secretary shall
establish royalties, fees, rentals, bonuses, or other payments
to ensure a fair return to the United States for any lease,
easement, or right-of-way granted under this subsection.
‘‘(B) The Secretary shall provide for the payment of 27
percent of the revenues received by the Federal Government
as a result of payments under this section from projects that
are located wholly or partially within the area extending three
nautical miles seaward of State submerged lands. Payments
shall be made based on a formula established by the Secretary
by rulemaking no later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section that provides for equitable distribution,
based on proximity to the project, among coastal states that
have a coastline that is located within 15 miles of the
geographic center of the project.
‘‘(3) COMPETITIVE OR NONCOMPETITIVE BASIS.—Except with
respect to projects that meet the criteria established under
section 388(d) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary
shall issue a lease, easement, or right-of-way under paragraph
(1) on a competitive basis unless the Secretary determines
after public notice of a proposed lease, easement, or rightof-way that there is no competitive interest.
‘‘(4) REQUIREMENTS.—The Secretary shall ensure that any
activity under this subsection is carried out in a manner that
provides for—
‘‘(A) safety;
‘‘(B) protection of the environment;
‘‘(C) prevention of waste;
‘‘(D) conservation of the natural resources of the outer
Continental Shelf;
‘‘(E) coordination with relevant Federal agencies;
‘‘(F) protection of national security interests of the
United States;
‘‘(G) protection of correlative rights in the outer Continental Shelf;
‘‘(H) a fair return to the United States for any lease,
easement, or right-of-way under this subsection;
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‘‘(I) prevention of interference with reasonable uses
(as determined by the Secretary) of the exclusive economic
zone, the high seas, and the territorial seas;
‘‘(J) consideration of—
‘‘(i) the location of, and any schedule relating to,
a lease, easement, or right-of-way for an area of the
outer Continental Shelf; and
‘‘(ii) any other use of the sea or seabed, including
use for a fishery, a sealane, a potential site of a deepwater port, or navigation;
‘‘(K) public notice and comment on any proposal submitted for a lease, easement, or right-of-way under this
subsection; and
‘‘(L) oversight, inspection, research, monitoring, and
enforcement relating to a lease, easement, or right-of-way
under this subsection.
‘‘(5) LEASE DURATION, SUSPENSION, AND CANCELLATION.—
The Secretary shall provide for the duration, issuance, transfer,
renewal, suspension, and cancellation of a lease, easement,
or right-of-way under this subsection.
‘‘(6) SECURITY.—The Secretary shall require the holder of
a lease, easement, or right-of-way granted under this subsection
to—
‘‘(A) furnish a surety bond or other form of security,
as prescribed by the Secretary;
‘‘(B) comply with such other requirements as the Secretary considers necessary to protect the interests of the
public and the United States; and
‘‘(C) provide for the restoration of the lease, easement,
or right-of-way.
‘‘(7) COORDINATION AND CONSULTATION WITH AFFECTED
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.—The Secretary shall provide
for coordination and consultation with the Governor of any
State or the executive of any local government that may be
affected by a lease, easement, or right-of-way under this subsection.
‘‘(8) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 270 days after the date
of enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary,
in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary
of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating,
the Secretary of Commerce, heads of other relevant departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and the Governor of any affected State, shall issue any necessary regulations to carry out this subsection.
‘‘(9) EFFECT OF SUBSECTION.—Nothing in this subsection
displaces, supersedes, limits, or modifies the jurisdiction,
responsibility, or authority of any Federal or State agency
under any other Federal law.
‘‘(10) APPLICABILITY.—This subsection does not apply to
any area on the outer Continental Shelf within the exterior
boundaries of any unit of the National Park System, National
Wildlife Refuge System, or National Marine Sanctuary System,
or any National Monument.’’.
(b) COORDINATED OCS MAPPING INITIATIVE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Interior, in cooperation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Commandant of the
Coast Guard, and the Secretary of Defense, shall establish
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an interagency comprehensive digital mapping initiative for
the outer Continental Shelf to assist in decisionmaking relating
to the siting of activities under subsection (p) of section 8
of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1337)
(as added by subsection (a)).
(2) USE OF DATA.—The mapping initiative shall use, and
develop procedures for accessing, data collected before the date
on which the mapping initiative is established, to the maximum
extent practicable.
(3) INCLUSIONS.—Mapping carried out under the mapping
initiative shall include an indication of the locations on the
outer Continental Shelf of—
(A) Federally-permitted activities;
(B) obstructions to navigation;
(C) submerged cultural resources;
(D) undersea cables;
(E) offshore aquaculture projects; and
(F) any area designated for the purpose of safety,
national security, environmental protection, or conservation
and management of living marine resources.
(c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 8 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1337) is amended by striking
the section heading and inserting the following: ‘‘LEASES, EASEMENTS,
AND
RIGHTS-OF-WAY ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL
SHELF.—’’.
(d) SAVINGS PROVISION.—Nothing in the amendment made by
subsection (a) requires the resubmittal of any document that was
previously submitted or the reauthorization of any action that was
previously authorized with respect to a project for which, before
the date of enactment of this Act—
(1) an offshore test facility has been constructed; or
(2) a request for a proposal has been issued by a public
authority.
(e) STATE CLAIMS TO JURISDICTION OVER SUBMERGED LANDS.—
Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter, limit, or modify
any claim of any State to any jurisdiction over, or any right,
title, or interest in, any submerged lands.
SEC. 389. OIL SPILL RECOVERY INSTITUTE.
Title V of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2731 et
seq.) is amended—
(1) in section 5001(i), by striking ‘‘September 30, 2012’’
and inserting ‘‘1 year after the date on which the Secretary,
in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, determines
that oil and gas exploration, development, and production in
the State of Alaska have ceased’’; and
(2) in section 5006(c), by striking ‘‘October 1, 2012’’ and
inserting ‘‘1 year after the date on which the Secretary, in
consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, determines that
oil and gas exploration, development, and production in the
State of Alaska have ceased,’’.
SEC. 390. NEPA REVIEW.
(a) NEPA REVIEW.—Action by the Secretary of the Interior
in managing the public lands, or the Secretary of Agriculture in
managing National Forest System Lands, with respect to any of
the activities described in subsection (b) shall be subject to a rebuttable presumption that the use of a categorical exclusion under
H. R. 6—155
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) would apply
if the activity is conducted pursuant to the Mineral Leasing Act
for the purpose of exploration or development of oil or gas.
(b) ACTIVITIES DESCRIBED.—The activities referred to in subsection (a) are the following:
(1) Individual surface disturbances of less than 5 acres
so long as the total surface disturbance on the lease is not
greater than 150 acres and site-specific analysis in a document
prepared pursuant to NEPA has been previously completed.
(2) Drilling an oil or gas well at a location or well pad
site at which drilling has occurred previously within 5 years
prior to the date of spudding the well.
(3) Drilling an oil or gas well within a developed field
for which an approved land use plan or any environmental
document prepared pursuant to NEPA analyzed such drilling
as a reasonably foreseeable activity, so long as such plan or
document was approved within 5 years prior to the date of
spudding the well.
(4) Placement of a pipeline in an approved right-of-way
corridor, so long as the corridor was approved within 5 years
prior to the date of placement of the pipeline.
(5) Maintenance of a minor activity, other than any
construction or major renovation or a building or facility.
Subtitle H—Refinery Revitalization
SEC. 391. FINDINGS AND DEFINITIONS.
(a) FINDINGS.—Congress finds that—
(1) it serves the national interest to increase petroleum
refining capacity for gasoline, heating oil, diesel fuel, jet fuel,
kerosene, and petrochemical feedstocks wherever located within
the United States, to bring more supply to the markets for
the use of the American people;
(2) United States demand for refined petroleum products
currently exceeds the country’s petroleum refining capacity to
produce such products;
(3) this excess demand has been met with increased
imports;
(4) due to lack of capacity, refined petroleum product
imports are expected to grow from 7.9 percent to 10.7 percent
of total refined product by 2025;
(5) refiners are still subject to significant environmental
and other regulations and face several new requirements under
the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) over the next decade;
and
(6) better coordination of Federal and State regulatory
reviews may help facilitate siting and construction of new refineries to meet the demand in the United States for refined
products.
(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this subtitle:
(1) ADMINISTRATOR.—The term ‘‘Administrator’’ means the
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
(2) STATE.—The term ‘‘State’’ means—
(A) a State;
(B) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
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(C) any other territory or possession of the United
States.
SEC. 392. FEDERAL-STATE REGULATORY COORDINATION AND ASSISTANCE.
(a) IN GENERAL.—At the request of the Governor of a State,
the Administrator may enter into a refinery permitting cooperative
agreement with the State, under which each party to the agreement
identifies steps, including timelines, that it will take to streamline
the consideration of Federal and State environmental permits for
a new refinery.
(b) AUTHORITY UNDER AGREEMENT.—The Administrator shall
be authorized to—
(1) accept from a refiner a consolidated application for
all permits required from the Environmental Protection Agency,
to the extent consistent with other applicable law;
(2) enter into memoranda of agreement with other Federal
agencies to coordinate consideration of refinery applications
and permits among Federal agencies; and
(3) enter into memoranda of agreement with a State, under
which Federal and State review of refinery permit applications
will be coordinated and concurrently considered, to the extent
practicable.
(c) STATE ASSISTANCE.—The Administrator is authorized to provide financial assistance to State governments to facilitate the
hiring of additional personnel with expertise in fields relevant to
consideration of refinery permits.
(d) OTHER ASSISTANCE.—The Administrator is authorized to
provide technical, legal, or other assistance to State governments
to facilitate their review of applications to build new refineries.
TITLE IV—COAL
Subtitle A—Clean Coal Power Initiative
SEC. 401. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
(a) CLEAN COAL POWER INITIATIVE.—There are authorized to
be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out the activities authorized by this subtitle $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006
through 2014, to remain available until expended.
(b) REPORT.—The Secretary shall submit to Congress the report
required by this subsection not later than March 31, 2007. The
report shall include, with respect to subsection (a), a plan containing—
(1) a detailed assessment of whether the aggregate funding
levels provided under subsection (a) are the appropriate funding
levels for that program;
(2) a detailed description of how proposals will be solicited
and evaluated, including a list of all activities expected to
be undertaken;
(3) a detailed list of technical milestones for each coal
and related technology that will be pursued; and
(4) a detailed description of how the program will avoid
problems enumerated in Government Accountability Office
H. R. 6—157
reports on the Clean Coal Technology Program, including problems that have resulted in unspent funds and projects that
failed either financially or scientifically.
SEC. 402. PROJECT CRITERIA.
(a) IN GENERAL.—To be eligible to receive assistance under
this subtitle, a project shall advance efficiency, environmental
performance, and cost competitiveness well beyond the level of
technologies that are in commercial service or have been demonstrated on a scale that the Secretary determines is sufficient
to demonstrate that commercial service is viable as of the date
of enactment of this Act.
(b) TECHNICAL CRITERIA FOR CLEAN COAL POWER INITIATIVE.—
(1) GASIFICATION PROJECTS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—In allocating the funds made available under section 401(a), the Secretary shall ensure that
at least 70 percent of the funds are used only to fund
projects on coal-based gasification technologies, including—
(i) gasification combined cycle;
(ii) gasification fuel cells and turbine combined
cycle;
(iii) gasification coproduction;
(iv) hybrid gasification and combustion; and
(v) other advanced coal based technologies capable
of producing a concentrated stream of carbon dioxide.
(B) TECHNICAL MILESTONES.—
(i) PERIODIC DETERMINATION.—
(I) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall periodically set technical milestones specifying the emission and thermal efficiency levels that coal gasification projects under this subtitle shall be
designed, and reasonably expected, to achieve.
(II) PRESCRIPTIVE MILESTONES.—The technical
milestones shall become more prescriptive during
the period of the clean coal power initiative.
(ii) 2020 GOALS.—The Secretary shall establish the
periodic milestones so as to achieve by the year 2020
coal gasification projects able—
(I) to remove at least 99 percent of sulfur
dioxide;
(II) to emit not more than .05 lbs of NOx
per million Btu;
(III) to achieve at least 95 percent reductions
in mercury emissions; and
(IV) to achieve a thermal efficiency of at
least—
(aa) 50 percent for coal of more than 9,000
Btu;
(bb) 48 percent for coal of 7,000 to 9,000
Btu; and
(cc) 46 percent for coal of less than 7,000
Btu.
(2) OTHER PROJECTS.—
(A) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.—The Secretary shall ensure
that up to 30 percent of the funds made available under
section 401(a) are used to fund projects other than those
described in paragraph (1).
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(B) TECHNICAL MILESTONES.—
(i) PERIODIC DETERMINATION.—
(I) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall periodically establish technical milestones specifying the
emission and thermal efficiency levels that projects
funded under this paragraph shall be designed,
and reasonably expected, to achieve.
(II) PRESCRIPTIVE MILESTONES.—The technical
milestones shall become more prescriptive during
the period of the clean coal power initiative.
(ii) 2020 GOALS.—The Secretary shall set the periodic milestones so as to achieve by the year 2020
projects able—
(I) to remove at least 97 percent of sulfur
dioxide;
(II) to emit no more than .08 lbs of NOx per
million Btu;
(III) to achieve at least 90 percent reductions
in mercury emissions; and
(IV) to achieve a thermal efficiency of at
least—
(aa) 43 percent for coal of more than 9,000
Btu;
(bb) 41 percent for coal of 7,000 to 9,000
Btu; and
(cc) 39 percent for coal of less than 7,000
Btu.
(3) CONSULTATION.—Before setting the technical milestones
under paragraphs (1)(B) and (2)(B), the Secretary shall consult
with—
(A) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection
Agency; and
(B) interested entities, including—
(i) coal producers;
(ii) industries using coal;
(iii) organizations that promote coal or advanced
coal technologies;
(iv) environmental organizations;
(v) organizations representing workers; and
(vi) organizations representing consumers.
(4) EXISTING UNITS.—In the case of projects at units in
existence on the date of enactment of this Act, in lieu of
the thermal efficiency requirements described in paragraphs
(1)(B)(ii)(IV) and (2)(B)(ii)(IV), the milestones shall be designed
to achieve an overall thermal design efficiency improvement,
compared to the efficiency of the unit as operated, of not less
than—
(A) 7 percent for coal of more than 9,000 Btu;
(B) 6 percent for coal of 7,000 to 9,000 Btu; or
(C) 4 percent for coal of less than 7,000 Btu.
(5) ADMINISTRATION.—
(A) ELEVATION OF SITE.—In evaluating project proposals to achieve thermal efficiency levels established under
paragraphs (1)(B)(i) and (2)(B)(i) and in determining
progress towards thermal efficiency milestones under paragraphs (1)(B)(ii)(IV), (2)(B)(ii)(IV), and (4), the Secretary
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shall take into account and make adjustments for the elevation of the site at which a project is proposed to be
constructed.
(B) APPLICABILITY OF MILESTONES.—In applying the
thermal
efficiency
milestones
under
paragraphs
(1)(B)(ii)(IV), (2)(B)(ii)(IV), and (4) to projects that separate
and capture at least 50 percent of the potential emissions
of carbon dioxide by a facility, the energy used for separation and capture of carbon dioxide shall not be counted
in calculating the thermal efficiency.
(C) PERMITTED USES.—In carrying out this section, the
Secretary may give priority to projects that include, as
part of the project—
(i) the separation or capture of carbon dioxide;
or
(ii) the reduction of the demand for natural gas
if deployed.
(c) FINANCIAL CRITERIA.—The Secretary shall not provide financial assistance under this subtitle for a project unless the recipient
documents to the satisfaction of the Secretary that—
(1) the recipient is financially responsible;
(2) the recipient will provide sufficient information to the
Secretary to enable the Secretary to ensure that the funds
are spent efficiently and effectively; and
(3) a market exists for the technology being demonstrated
or applied, as evidenced by statements of interest in writing
from potential purchasers of the technology.
(d) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary shall provide financial assistance to projects that, as determined by the Secretary—
(1) meet the requirements of subsections (a), (b), and (c);
and
(2) are likely—
(A) to achieve overall cost reductions in the use of
coal to generate useful forms of energy or chemical feedstocks;
(B) to improve the competitiveness of coal among various forms of energy in order to maintain a diversity of
fuel choices in the United States to meet electricity generation requirements; and
(C) to demonstrate methods and equipment that are
applicable to 25 percent of the electricity generating facilities, using various types of coal, that use coal as the primary feedstock as of the date of enactment of this Act.
(e) COST-SHARING.—In carrying out this subtitle, the Secretary
shall require cost sharing in accordance with section 988.
(f) SCHEDULED COMPLETION OF SELECTED PROJECTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—In selecting a project for financial assistance under this section, the Secretary shall establish a reasonable period of time during which the owner or operator of
the project shall complete the construction or demonstration
phase of the project, as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(2) CONDITION OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary
shall require as a condition of receipt of any financial assistance
under this subtitle that the recipient of the assistance enter
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into an agreement with the Secretary not to request an extension of the time period established for the project by the Secretary under paragraph (1).
(3) EXTENSION OF TIME PERIOD.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary may extend the time period established under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines, in the sole discretion
of the Secretary, that the owner or operator of the project
cannot complete the construction or demonstration phase
of the project within the time period due to circumstances
beyond the control of the owner or operator.
(B) LIMITATION.—The Secretary shall not extend a time
period under subparagraph (A) by more than 4 years.
(g) FEE TITLE.—The Secretary may vest fee title or other property interests acquired under cost-share clean coal power initiative
agreements under this subtitle in any entity, including the United
States.
(h) DATA PROTECTION.—For a period not exceeding 5 years
after completion of the operations phase of a cooperative agreement,
the Secretary may provide appropriate protections (including
exemptions from subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, United States
Code) against the dissemination of information that—
(1) results from demonstration activities carried out under
the clean coal power initiative program; and
(2) would be a trade secret or commercial or financial
information that is privileged or confidential if the information
had been obtained from and first produced by a non-Federal
party participating in a clean coal power initiative project.
(i) APPLICABILITY.—No technology, or level of emission reduction, solely by reason of the use of the technology, or the achievement of the emission reduction, by 1 or more facilities receiving
assistance under this Act, shall be considered to be—
(1) adequately demonstrated for purposes of section 111
of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7411);
(2) achievable for purposes of section 169 of that Act (42
U.S.C. 7479); or
(3) achievable in practice for purposes of section 171 of
that Act (42 U.S.C. 7501).
SEC. 403. REPORT.
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this
Act, and once every 2 years thereafter through 2014, the Secretary,
in consultation with other appropriate Federal agencies, shall
submit to Congress a report describing—
(1) the technical milestones set forth in section 402 and
how those milestones ensure progress toward meeting the
requirements of subsections (b)(1)(B) and (b)(2) of section 402;
and
(2) the status of projects funded under this subtitle.
SEC. 404. CLEAN COAL CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.
(a) IN GENERAL.—As part of the clean coal power initiative,
the Secretary shall award competitive, merit-based grants to institutions of higher education for the establishment of centers of excellence for energy systems of the future.
(b) BASIS FOR GRANTS.—The Secretary shall award grants
under this section to institutions of higher education that show
the greatest potential for advancing new clean coal technologies.
H. R. 6—161
Subtitle B—Clean Power Projects
SEC. 411. INTEGRATED COAL/RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Subject to the availability of appropriations,
the Secretary may provide loan guarantees for a project to produce
energy from coal of less than 7,000 Btu/lb. using appropriate
advanced integrated gasification combined cycle technology,
including repowering of existing facilities, that—
(1) is combined with wind and other renewable sources;
(2) minimizes and offers the potential to sequester carbon
dioxide emissions; and
(3) provides a ready source of hydrogen for near-site fuel
cell demonstrations.
(b) REQUIREMENTS.—The facility—
(1) may be built in stages;
(2) shall have a combined output of at least 200 megawatts
at successively more competitive rates; and
(3) shall be located in the Upper Great Plains.
(c) TECHNICAL CRITERIA.—Technical criteria described in section
402(b) shall apply to the facility.
(d) INVESTMENT TAX CREDITS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The loan guarantees provided under this
section do not preclude the facility from receiving an allocation
for investment tax credits under section 48A of the Internal
Revenue Code of 1986.
(2) OTHER FUNDING.—Use of the investment tax credit
described in paragraph (1) does not prohibit the use of other
clean coal program funding.
SEC. 412. LOAN TO PLACE ALASKA CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY
FACILITY IN SERVICE.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) BORROWER.—The term ‘‘borrower’’ means the owner
of the clean coal technology plant.
(2) CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY PLANT.—The term ‘‘clean coal
technology plant’’ means the plant located near Healy, Alaska,
constructed under Department cooperative agreement number
DE–FC–22–91PC90544.
(3) COST OF A DIRECT LOAN.—The term ‘‘cost of a direct
loan’’ has the meaning given the term in section 502(5)(B)
of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a(5)(B)).
(b) AUTHORIZATION.—Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary
shall use amounts made available under subsection (e) to provide
the cost of a direct loan to the borrower for purposes of placing
the clean coal technology plant into reliable operation for the
generation of electricity.
(c) REQUIREMENTS.—
(1) MAXIMUM LOAN AMOUNT.—The amount of the direct
loan provided under subsection (b) shall not exceed $80,000,000.
(2) DETERMINATIONS BY SECRETARY.—Before providing the
direct loan to the borrower under subsection (b), the Secretary
shall determine that—
(A) the plan of the borrower for placing the clean
coal technology plant in reliable operation has a reasonable
prospect of success;
H. R. 6—162
(B) the amount of the loan (when combined with
amounts available to the borrower from other sources) will
be sufficient to carry out the project; and
(C) there is a reasonable prospect that the borrower
will repay the principal and interest on the loan.
(3) INTEREST; TERM.—The direct loan provided under subsection (b) shall bear interest at a rate and for a term that
the Secretary determines appropriate, after consultation with
the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into account the needs
and capacities of the borrower and the prevailing rate of
interest for similar loans made by public and private lenders.
(4) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS.—The Secretary
may require any other terms and conditions that the Secretary
determines to be appropriate.
(d) USE OF PAYMENTS.—The Secretary shall retain any payments of principal and interest on the direct loan provided under
subsection (b) to support energy research and development activities, to remain available until expended, subject to any other conditions in an applicable appropriations Act.
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to provide the
cost of a direct loan under subsection (b).
SEC. 413. WESTERN INTEGRATED COAL GASIFICATION DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Subject to the availability of appropriations,
the Secretary shall carry out a project to demonstrate production
of energy from coal mined in the western United States using
integrated gasification combined cycle technology (referred to in
this section as the ‘‘demonstration project’’).
(b) COMPONENTS.—The demonstration project—
(1) may include repowering of existing facilities;
(2) shall be designed to demonstrate the ability to use
coal with an energy content of not more than 9,000 Btu/lb.;
and
(3) shall be capable of removing and sequestering carbon
dioxide emissions.
(c) ALL TYPES OF WESTERN COALS.—Notwithstanding the foregoing, and to the extent economically feasible, the demonstration
project shall also be designed to demonstrate the ability to use
a variety of types of coal (including subbituminous and bituminous
coal with an energy content of up to 13,000 Btu/lb.) mined in
the western United States.
(d) LOCATION.—The demonstration project shall be located in
a western State at an altitude of greater than 4,000 feet above
sea level.
(e) COST SHARING.—The Federal share of the cost of the demonstration project shall be determined in accordance with section
988.
(f) LOAN GUARANTEES.—Notwithstanding title XIV, the demonstration project shall not be eligible for Federal loan guarantees.
SEC. 414. COAL GASIFICATION.
The Secretary is authorized to provide loan guarantees for
a project to produce energy from a plant using integrated gasification combined cycle technology of at least 400 megawatts in
capacity that produces power at competitive rates in deregulated
H. R. 6—163
energy generation markets and that does not receive any subsidy
(direct or indirect) from ratepayers.
SEC. 415. PETROLEUM COKE GASIFICATION.
The Secretary is authorized to provide loan guarantees for
at least 5 petroleum coke gasification projects.
SEC. 416. ELECTRON SCRUBBING DEMONSTRATION.
The Secretary shall use $5,000,000 from amounts appropriated
to initiate, through the Chicago Operations Office, a project to
demonstrate the viability of high-energy electron scrubbing technology on commercial-scale electrical generation using high-sulfur
coal.
SEC. 417. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TRANSPORTATION FUELS FROM
ILLINOIS BASIN COAL.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a program
to evaluate the commercial and technical viability of advanced
technologies for the production of Fischer-Tropsch transportation
fuels, and other transportation fuels, manufactured from Illinois
basin coal, including the capital modification of existing facilities
and the construction of testing facilities under subsection (b).
(b) FACILITIES.—For the purpose of evaluating the commercial
and technical viability of different processes for producing FischerTropsch transportation fuels, and other transportation fuels, from
Illinois basin coal, the Secretary shall support the use and capital
modification of existing facilities and the construction of new facilities at—
(1) Southern Illinois University Coal Research Center;
(2) University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy
Research; and
(3) Energy Center at Purdue University.
(c) GASIFICATION PRODUCTS TEST CENTER.—In conjunction with
the activities described in subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary
shall construct a test center to evaluate and confirm liquid and
gas products from syngas catalysis in order that the system has
an output of at least 500 gallons of Fischer-Tropsch transportation
fuel per day in a 24-hour operation.
(d) MILESTONES.—
(1) SELECTION OF PROCESSES.—Not later than 180 days
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall
select processes for evaluating the commercial and technical
viability of different processes of producing Fischer-Tropsch
transportation fuels, and other transportation fuels, from
Illinois basin coal.
(2) AGREEMENTS.—Not later than 1 year after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall offer to enter
into agreements—
(A) to carry out the activities described in this section,
at the facilities described in subsection (b); and
(B) for the capital modifications or construction of the
facilities at the locations described in subsection (b).
(3) EVALUATIONS.—Not later than 3 years after the date
of enactment of the Act, the Secretary shall begin, at the
facilities described in subsection (b), evaluation of the technical
and commercial viability of different processes of producing
Fischer-Tropsch transportation fuels, and other transportation
fuels, from Illinois basin coal.
H. R. 6—164
(4) CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall construct the
facilities described in subsection (b) at the lowest cost practicable.
(B) GRANTS OR AGREEMENTS.—The Secretary may
make grants or enter into agreements or contracts with
the institutions of higher education described in subsection
(b).
(e) COST SHARING.—The cost of making grants under this section shall be shared in accordance with section 988.
(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $85,000,000 for the
period of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
Subtitle C—Coal and Related Programs
SEC. 421. AMENDMENT OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 1992.
(a) AMENDMENT.—The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C.
13201 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘TITLE XXXI—CLEAN AIR COAL
PROGRAM
‘‘SEC. 3101. PURPOSES.
‘‘The purposes of this title are to—
‘‘(1) promote national energy policy and energy security,
diversity, and economic competitiveness benefits that result
from the increased use of coal;
‘‘(2) mitigate financial risks, reduce the cost of clean coal
generation, and increase the marketplace acceptance of clean
coal generation and pollution control equipment and processes;
and
‘‘(3) facilitate the environmental performance of clean coal
generation.
‘‘SEC. 3102. AUTHORIZATION OF PROGRAM.
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a program
of financial assistance to—
‘‘(1) facilitate the production and generation of coal-based
power, through the deployment of clean coal electric generating
equipment and processes that, compared to equipment or processes that are in operation on a full scale—
‘‘(A) improve—
‘‘(i) energy efficiency; or
‘‘(ii) environmental performance consistent with
relevant Federal and State clean air requirements,
including those promulgated under the Clean Air Act
(42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.); and
‘‘(B) are not yet cost competitive; and
‘‘(2) facilitate the utilization of existing coal-based electricity generation plants through projects that—
‘‘(A) deploy advanced air pollution control equipment
and processes; and
‘‘(B) are designed to voluntarily enhance environmental
performance above current applicable obligations under the
H. R. 6—165
Clean Air Act and State implementation efforts pursuant
to such Act.
‘‘(b) FINANCIAL CRITERIA.—As determined by the Secretary for
a particular project, financial assistance under this title shall be
in the form of—
‘‘(1) cost-sharing of an appropriate percentage of the total
project cost, not to exceed 50 percent as calculated under section
988 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005; or
‘‘(2) financial assistance, including grants, cooperative
agreements, or loans as authorized under this Act or other
statutory authority of the Secretary.
‘‘SEC. 3103. GENERATION PROJECTS.
‘‘(a) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS.—Projects supported under section
3102(a)(1) may include—
‘‘(1) equipment or processes previously supported by a
Department of Energy program;
‘‘(2) advanced combustion equipment and processes that
the Secretary determines will be cost-effective and could
substantially contribute to meeting environmental or energy
needs, including gasification, gasification fuel cells, gasification
coproduction, oxidation combustion techniques, ultra-supercritical boilers, and chemical looping; and
‘‘(3) hybrid gasification/combustion systems, including systems integrating fuel cells with gasification or combustion units.
‘‘(b) CRITERIA.—The Secretary shall establish criteria for the
selection of generation projects under section 3102(a)(1). The Secretary may modify the criteria as appropriate to reflect improvements in equipment, except that the criteria shall not be modified
to be less stringent. The selection criteria shall include—
‘‘(1) prioritization of projects whose installation is likely
to result in significant air quality improvements in nonattainment air quality areas;
‘‘(2) prioritization of projects whose installation is likely
to result in lower emission rates of pollution;
‘‘(3) prioritization of projects that result in the repowering
or replacement of older, less efficient units;
‘‘(4) documented broad interest in the procurement of the
equipment and utilization of the processes used in the projects
by owners or operators of facilities for electricity generation;
‘‘(5) equipment and processes beginning in 2006 through
2011 that are projected to achieve a thermal efficiency of—
‘‘(A) 40 percent for coal of more than 9,000 Btu per
pound based on higher heating values;
‘‘(B) 38 percent for coal of 7,000 to 9,000 Btu per
pound passed on higher heating values; and
‘‘(C) 36 percent for coal of less than 7,000 Btu per
pound based on higher heating values;
except that energy used for coproduction or cogeneration shall
not be counted in calculating the thermal efficiency under this
paragraph; and
‘‘(6) equipment and processes beginning in 2012 and 2013
that are projected to achieve a thermal efficiency of—
‘‘(A) 45 percent for coal of more than 9,000 Btu per
pound based on higher heating values;
‘‘(B) 44 percent for coal of 7,000 to 9,000 Btu per
pound passed on higher heating values; and
H. R. 6—166
‘‘(C) 40 percent for coal of less than 7,000 Btu per
pound based on higher heating values;
except that energy used for coproduction or cogeneration shall
not be counted in calculating the thermal efficiency under this
paragraph.
‘‘(c) PROGRAM BALANCE AND PRIORITY.—In carrying out the
program under section 3102(a)(1), the Secretary shall ensure, to
the extent practicable, that—
‘‘(1) between 25 percent and 75 percent of the projects
supported are for the sole purpose of electrical generation;
and
‘‘(2) priority is given to projects that use electrical generation equipment and processes that have been developed and
demonstrated and applied in actual production of electricity,
but are not yet cost-competitive, and that achieve greater efficiency and environmental performance.
‘‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out section 3102(a)(1)—
‘‘(1) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
‘‘(2) $350,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
‘‘(3) $400,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through
2012; and
‘‘(4) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2013.
‘‘(e) APPLICABILITY.—No technology, or level of emission reduction, shall be treated as adequately demonstrated for purpose of
section 111 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7411), achievable for
purposes of section 169 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 7479), or achievable
in practice for purposes of section 171 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 7501)
solely by reason of the use of such technology, or the achievement
of such emission reduction, by one or more facilities receiving assistance under section 3102(a)(1).
‘‘SEC. 3104. AIR QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
‘‘(a) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS.—Projects supported under section
3102(a)(2) shall—
‘‘(1) utilize technologies that meet relevant Federal and
State clean air requirements applicable to the unit or facility,
including being adequately demonstrated for purposes of section
111 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7411), achievable for purposes of section 169 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 7479), or achievable
in practice for purposes of section 171 of that Act (42 U.S.C.
7501); or
‘‘(2) utilize equipment or processes that exceed relevant
Federal or State clean air requirements applicable to the unit
or facilities included in the projects by achieving greater efficiency or environmental performance.
‘‘(b) PRIORITY IN PROJECT SELECTION.—In making an award
under section 3102(a)(2), the Secretary shall give priority to—
‘‘(1) projects whose installation is likely to result in significant air quality improvements in nonattainment air quality
areas or substantially reduce the emission level of criteria
pollutants and mercury air emissions;
‘‘(2) projects for pollution control that result in the mitigation or collection of more than 1 pollutant; and
‘‘(3) projects designed to allow the use of the waste
byproducts or other byproducts of the equipment.
H. R. 6—167
‘‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out section 3102(a)(2)—
‘‘(1) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
‘‘(2) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
‘‘(3) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
‘‘(4) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2010; and
‘‘(5) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2011.
‘‘(d) APPLICABILITY.—No technology, or level of emission reduction under subsection (a)(2) shall be treated as adequately demonstrated for purpose of Section 111 of the Clean Air Act (42
U.S.C. 7411), achievable for purposes of section 169 of that Act
(42 U.S.C. 7479), or achievable in practice for purposes of section
171 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 7501) solely by reason of the use of
such technology, or the achievement of such emission reduction,
by one or more facilities receiving assistance under section
3102(a)(2).’’.
(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS AMENDMENT.—The table of contents
of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. prec. 13201) is amended
by adding at the end the following:
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
3101.
3102.
3103.
3104.
‘‘TITLE XXXI—CLEAN AIR COAL PROGRAM
Purposes.
Authorization of program.
Generation projects.
Air quality enhancement program.’’.
Subtitle D—Federal Coal Leases
SEC. 431. SHORT TITLE.
This subtitle may be cited as the ‘‘Coal Leasing Amendments
Act of 2005’’.
SEC. 432. REPEAL OF THE 160-ACRE LIMITATION FOR COAL LEASES.
Section 3 of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 203) is
amended—
(1) in the first sentence, by striking ‘‘Any person’’ and
inserting the following: ‘‘(a)(1) Except as provided in paragraph
(3), on a finding by the Secretary under paragraph (2), any
person’’;
(2) in the second sentence, by striking ‘‘The Secretary’’
and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) The Secretary’’;
(3) in the third sentence, by striking ‘‘The minimum’’ and
inserting the following:
‘‘(c) The minimum’’;
(4) in subsection (a) (as designated by paragraph (1))—
(A) by striking ‘‘upon’’ and all that follows and inserting
the following: ‘‘secure modifications of the original coal
lease by including additional coal lands or coal deposits
contiguous or cornering to those embraced in the lease.’’;
and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(2) A finding referred to in paragraph (1) is a finding by
the Secretary that the modifications—
‘‘(A) would be in the interest of the United States;
‘‘(B) would not displace a competitive interest in the lands;
and
H. R. 6—168
‘‘(C) would not include lands or deposits that can be developed as part of another potential or existing operation.
‘‘(3) In no case shall the total area added by modifications
to an existing coal lease under paragraph (1)—
‘‘(A) exceed 960 acres; or
‘‘(B) add acreage larger than that in the original lease.’’.
SEC. 433. APPROVAL OF LOGICAL MINING UNITS.
Section 2(d)(2) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 202a(2))
is amended—
(1) by inserting ‘‘(A)’’ after ‘‘(2)’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(B) The Secretary may establish a period of more than 40
years if the Secretary determines that the longer period—
‘‘(i) will ensure the maximum economic recovery of a coal
deposit; or
‘‘(ii) the longer period is in the interest of the orderly,
efficient, or economic development of a coal resource.’’.
SEC. 434. PAYMENT OF ADVANCE ROYALTIES UNDER COAL LEASES.
Section 7(b) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 207(b))
is amended—
(1) in the first sentence, by striking ‘‘Each lease’’ and
inserting the following: ‘‘(1) Each lease’’;
(2) in the second sentence, by striking ‘‘The Secretary’’
and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) The Secretary’’;
(3) in the third sentence, by striking ‘‘Such advance royalties’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(3) Advance royalties described in paragraph (2)’’;
(4) in the seventh sentence, by striking ‘‘The Secretary’’
and inserting the following:
‘‘(6) The Secretary’’;
(5) in the last sentence, by striking ‘‘Nothing’’ and inserting
the following:
‘‘(7) Nothing’’;
(6) by striking the fourth, fifth, and sixth sentences; and
(7) by inserting after paragraph (3) (as designated by paragraph (3)) the following:
‘‘(4) Advance royalties described in paragraph (2) shall be computed—
‘‘(A) based on—
‘‘(i) the average price in the spot market for sales
of comparable coal from the same region during the last
month of each applicable continued operation year; or
‘‘(ii) in the absence of a spot market for comparable
coal from the same region, by using a comparable method
established by the Secretary of the Interior to capture
the commercial value of coal; and
‘‘(B) based on commercial quantities, as defined by regulation by the Secretary of the Interior.
‘‘(5) The aggregate number of years during the period of any
lease for which advance royalties may be accepted in lieu of the
condition of continued operation shall not exceed 20 years.
‘‘(6) The amount of any production royalty paid for any year
shall be reduced (but not below 0) by the amount of any advance
royalties paid under a lease described in paragraph (5) to the
H. R. 6—169
extent that the advance royalties have not been used to reduce
production royalties for a prior year.’’.
SEC. 435. ELIMINATION OF DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION OF COAL
LEASE OPERATION AND RECLAMATION PLAN.
Section 7(c) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 207(c)) is
amended by striking ‘‘and not later than three years after a lease
is issued,’’.
SEC. 436. AMENDMENT RELATING TO FINANCIAL ASSURANCES WITH
RESPECT TO BONUS BIDS.
Section 2(a) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 201(a))
is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(4)(A) The Secretary shall not require a surety bond or any
other financial assurance to guarantee payment of deferred bonus
bid installments with respect to any coal lease issued on a cash
bonus bid to a lessee or successor in interest having a history
of a timely payment of noncontested coal royalties and advanced
coal royalties in lieu of production (where applicable) and bonus
bid installment payments.
‘‘(B) The Secretary may waive any requirement that a lessee
provide a surety bond or other financial assurance to guarantee
payment of deferred bonus bid installment with respect to any
coal lease issued before the date of the enactment of the Energy
Policy Act of 2005 only if the Secretary determines that the lessee
has a history of making timely payments referred to in subparagraph (A).
‘‘(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the lessee
under a coal lease fails to pay any installment of a deferred cash
bonus bid within 10 days after the Secretary provides written
notice that payment of the installment is past due—
‘‘(A) the lease shall automatically terminate; and
‘‘(B) any bonus payments already made to the United States
with respect to the lease shall not be returned to the lessee
or credited in any future lease sale.’’.
SEC. 437. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT.
(a) REVIEW OF ASSESSMENTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary, shall
review coal assessments and other available data to identify—
(A) Federal lands with coal resources that are available
for development;
(B) the extent and nature of any restrictions on the
development of coal resources on Federal lands identified
under paragraph (1); and
(C) with respect to areas of such lands for which sufficient data exists, resources of compliant coal and supercompliant coal.
(2) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this subsection—
(A) the term ‘‘compliant coal’’ means coal that contains
not less than 1.0 and not more than 1.2 pounds of sulfur
dioxide per million Btu; and
(B) the term ‘‘supercompliant coal’’ means coal that
contains less than 1.0 pounds of sulfur dioxide per million
Btu.
(b) COMPLETION AND UPDATING OF THE INVENTORY.—The Secretary—
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(1) shall complete the inventory under subsection (a) by
not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this
Act; and
(2) shall update the inventory as the availability of data
and developments in technology warrant.
(c) REPORT.—The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on
Resources of the House of Representatives and to the Committee
on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and make publicly
available—
(1) a report containing the inventory under this section,
by not later than 2 years after the effective date of this section;
and
(2) each update of such inventory.
SEC. 438. APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.
The amendments made by this subtitle apply with respect
to any coal lease issued before, on, or after the date of the enactment
of this Act.
TITLE V—INDIAN ENERGY
SEC. 501. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the ‘‘Indian Tribal Energy Development and Self-Determination Act of 2005’’.
SEC. 502. OFFICE OF INDIAN ENERGY POLICY AND PROGRAMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Title II of the Department of Energy
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7131 et seq.) is amended by adding
at the end the following:
‘‘OFFICE
OF INDIAN ENERGY POLICY AND PROGRAMS
‘‘SEC. 217. (a) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is established within
the Department an Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs
(referred to in this section as the ‘Office’). The Office shall be
headed by a Director, who shall be appointed by the Secretary
and compensated at a rate equal to that of level IV of the Executive
Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.
‘‘(b) DUTIES OF DIRECTOR.—The Director, in accordance with
Federal policies promoting Indian self-determination and the purposes of this Act, shall provide, direct, foster, coordinate, and implement energy planning, education, management, conservation, and
delivery programs of the Department that—
‘‘(1) promote Indian tribal energy development, efficiency,
and use;
‘‘(2) reduce or stabilize energy costs;
‘‘(3) enhance and strengthen Indian tribal energy and economic infrastructure relating to natural resource development
and electrification; and
‘‘(4) bring electrical power and service to Indian land and
the homes of tribal members located on Indian lands or
acquired, constructed, or improved (in whole or in part) with
Federal funds.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—
(1) The table of contents of the Department of Energy
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. prec. 7101) is amended—
H. R. 6—171
(A) in the item relating to section 209, by striking
‘‘Section’’ and inserting ‘‘Sec.’’; and
(B) by striking the items relating to sections 213
through 216 and inserting the following:
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
213.
214.
215.
216.
217.
Establishment of policy for National Nuclear Security Administration.
Establishment of security, counterintelligence, and intelligence policies.
Office of Counterintelligence.
Office of Intelligence.
Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs.’’.
(2) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended
by inserting after the item related to the Inspector General,
Department of Energy the following new item:
‘‘Director, Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs,
Department of Energy.’’.
SEC. 503. INDIAN ENERGY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Title XXVI of the Energy Policy Act of 1992
(25 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘TITLE XXVI—INDIAN ENERGY
‘‘SEC. 2601. DEFINITIONS.
‘‘In this title:
‘‘(1) The term ‘Director’ means the Director of the Office
of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Department of Energy.
‘‘(2) The term ‘Indian land’ means—
‘‘(A) any land located within the boundaries of an
Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria;
‘‘(B) any land not located within the boundaries of
an Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria, the title to
which is held—
‘‘(i) in trust by the United States for the benefit
of an Indian tribe or an individual Indian;
‘‘(ii) by an Indian tribe or an individual Indian,
subject to restriction against alienation under laws
of the United States; or
‘‘(iii) by a dependent Indian community; and
‘‘(C) land that is owned by an Indian tribe and was
conveyed by the United States to a Native Corporation
pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43
U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), or that was conveyed by the United
States to a Native Corporation in exchange for such land.
‘‘(3) The term ‘Indian reservation’ includes—
‘‘(A) an Indian reservation in existence in any State
or States as of the date of enactment of this paragraph;
‘‘(B) a public domain Indian allotment; and
‘‘(C) a dependent Indian community located within the
borders of the United States, regardless of whether the
community is located—
‘‘(i) on original or acquired territory of the community; or
‘‘(ii) within or outside the boundaries of any State
or States.
‘‘(4)(A) The term ‘Indian tribe’ has the meaning given the
term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
H. R. 6—172
‘‘(B) For the purpose of paragraph (12) and sections
2603(b)(1)(C) and 2604, the term ‘Indian tribe’ does not include
any Native Corporation.
‘‘(5) The term ‘integration of energy resources’ means any
project or activity that promotes the location and operation
of a facility (including any pipeline, gathering system, transportation system or facility, or electric transmission or distribution
facility) on or near Indian land to process, refine, generate
electricity from, or otherwise develop energy resources on,
Indian land.
‘‘(6) The term ‘Native Corporation’ has the meaning given
the term in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement
Act (43 U.S.C. 1602).
‘‘(7) The term ‘organization’ means a partnership, joint
venture, limited liability company, or other unincorporated
association or entity that is established to develop Indian
energy resources.
‘‘(8) The term ‘Program’ means the Indian energy resource
development program established under section 2602(a).
‘‘(9) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the
Interior.
‘‘(10) The term ‘sequestration’ means the long-term separation, isolation, or removal of greenhouse gases from the
atmosphere, including through a biological or geologic method
such as reforestation or an underground reservoir.
‘‘(11) The term ‘tribal energy resource development
organization’ means an organization of two or more entities,
at least one of which is an Indian tribe, that has the written
consent of the governing bodies of all Indian tribes participating
in the organization to apply for a grant, loan, or other assistance
under section 2602.
‘‘(12) The term ‘tribal land’ means any land or interests
in land owned by any Indian tribe, title to which is held
in trust by the United States, or is subject to a restriction
against alienation under laws of the United States.
‘‘SEC. 2602. INDIAN TRIBAL ENERGY RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT.
‘‘(a) DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAM.—
‘‘(1) To assist Indian tribes in the development of energy
resources and further the goal of Indian self-determination,
the Secretary shall establish and implement an Indian energy
resource development program to assist consenting Indian
tribes and tribal energy resource development organizations
in achieving the purposes of this title.
‘‘(2) In carrying out the Program, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(A) provide development grants to Indian tribes and
tribal energy resource development organizations for use
in developing or obtaining the managerial and technical
capacity needed to develop energy resources on Indian land,
and to properly account for resulting energy production
and revenues;
‘‘(B) provide grants to Indian tribes and tribal energy
resource development organizations for use in carrying out
projects to promote the integration of energy resources,
and to process, use, or develop those energy resources,
on Indian land;
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‘‘(C) provide low-interest loans to Indian tribes and
tribal energy resource development organizations for use
in the promotion of energy resource development on Indian
land and integration of energy resources; and
‘‘(D) provide grants and technical assistance to an
appropriate tribal environmental organization, as determined by the Secretary, that represents multiple Indian
tribes to establish a national resource center to develop
tribal capacity to establish and carry out tribal environmental programs in support of energy-related programs
and activities under this title, including—
‘‘(i) training programs for tribal environmental officials, program managers, and other governmental representatives;
‘‘(ii) the development of model environmental policies and tribal laws, including tribal environmental
review codes, and the creation and maintenance of
a clearinghouse of best environmental management
practices; and
‘‘(iii) recommended standards for reviewing the
implementation of tribal environmental laws and policies within tribal judicial or other tribal appeals systems.
‘‘(3) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out
this subsection such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal
years 2006 through 2016.
‘‘(b) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY INDIAN ENERGY EDUCATION PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.—
‘‘(1) The Director shall establish programs to assist consenting Indian tribes in meeting energy education, research
and development, planning, and management needs.
‘‘(2) In carrying out this subsection, the Director may provide grants, on a competitive basis, to an Indian tribe or tribal
energy resource development organization for use in carrying
out—
‘‘(A) energy, energy efficiency, and energy conservation
programs;
‘‘(B) studies and other activities supporting tribal
acquisitions of energy supplies, services, and facilities,
including the creation of tribal utilities to assist in securing
electricity to promote electrification of homes and
businesses on Indian land;
‘‘(C) planning, construction, development, operation,
maintenance, and improvement of tribal electrical generation, transmission, and distribution facilities located on
Indian land; and
‘‘(D) development, construction, and interconnection of
electric power transmission facilities located on Indian land
with other electric transmission facilities.
‘‘(3)(A) The Director shall develop a program to support
and implement research projects that provide Indian tribes
with opportunities to participate in carbon sequestration practices on Indian land, including—
‘‘(i) geologic sequestration;
‘‘(ii) forest sequestration;
‘‘(iii) agricultural sequestration; and
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‘‘(iv) any other sequestration opportunities the Director
considers to be appropriate.
‘‘(B) The activities carried out under subparagraph (A)
shall be—
‘‘(i) coordinated with other carbon sequestration
research and development programs conducted by the Secretary of Energy;
‘‘(ii) conducted to determine methods consistent with
existing standardized measurement protocols to account
and report the quantity of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases sequestered in projects that may be implemented on Indian land; and
‘‘(iii) reviewed periodically to collect and distribute to
Indian tribes information on carbon sequestration practices
that will increase the sequestration of carbon without
threatening the social and economic well-being of Indian
tribes.
‘‘(4)(A) The Director, in consultation with Indian tribes,
may develop a formula for providing grants under this subsection.
‘‘(B) In providing a grant under this subsection, the Director
shall give priority to any application received from an Indian
tribe with inadequate electric service (as determined by the
Director).
‘‘(C) In providing a grant under this subsection for an
activity to provide, or expand the provision of, electricity on
Indian land, the Director shall encourage cooperative arrangements between Indian tribes and utilities that provide service
to Indian tribes, as the Director determines to be appropriate.
‘‘(5) The Secretary of Energy may issue such regulations
as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out this
subsection.
‘‘(6) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out
this subsection $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through
2016.
‘‘(c) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.—
‘‘(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (4), the Secretary of
Energy may provide loan guarantees (as defined in section
502 of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a))
for an amount equal to not more than 90 percent of the unpaid
principal and interest due on any loan made to an Indian
tribe for energy development.
‘‘(2) In providing a loan guarantee under this subsection
for an activity to provide, or expand the provision of, electricity
on Indian land, the Secretary of Energy shall encourage
cooperative arrangements between Indian tribes and utilities
that provide service to Indian tribes, as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
‘‘(3) A loan guarantee under this subsection shall be made
by—
‘‘(A) a financial institution subject to examination by
the Secretary of Energy; or
‘‘(B) an Indian tribe, from funds of the Indian tribe.
‘‘(4) The aggregate outstanding amount guaranteed by the
Secretary of Energy at any time under this subsection shall
not exceed $2,000,000,000.
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‘‘(5) The Secretary of Energy may issue such regulations
as the Secretary of Energy determines are necessary to carry
out this subsection.
‘‘(6) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums
as are necessary to carry out this subsection, to remain available until expended.
‘‘(7) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment
of this section, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress
a report on the financing requirements of Indian tribes for
energy development on Indian land.
‘‘(d) PREFERENCE.—
‘‘(1) In purchasing electricity or any other energy product
or byproduct, a Federal agency or department may give preference to an energy and resource production enterprise, partnership, consortium, corporation, or other type of business
organization the majority of the interest in which is owned
and controlled by 1 or more Indian tribes.
‘‘(2) In carrying out this subsection, a Federal agency or
department shall not—
‘‘(A) pay more than the prevailing market price for
an energy product or byproduct; or
‘‘(B) obtain less than prevailing market terms and
conditions.
‘‘SEC. 2603. INDIAN TRIBAL ENERGY RESOURCE REGULATION.
‘‘(a) GRANTS.—The Secretary may provide to Indian tribes, on
an annual basis, grants for use in accordance with subsection (b).
‘‘(b) USE OF FUNDS.—Funds from a grant provided under this
section may be used—
‘‘(1)(A) by an Indian tribe for the development of a tribal
energy resource inventory or tribal energy resource on Indian
land;
‘‘(B) by an Indian tribe for the development of a feasibility
study or other report necessary to the development of energy
resources on Indian land;
‘‘(C) by an Indian tribe (other than an Indian Tribe in
the State of Alaska, except the Metlakatla Indian Community)
for—
‘‘(i) the development and enforcement of tribal laws
(including regulations) relating to tribal energy resource
development; and
‘‘(ii) the development of technical infrastructure to protect the environment under applicable law; or
‘‘(D) by a Native Corporation for the development and
implementation of corporate policies and the development of
technical infrastructure to protect the environment under
applicable law; and
‘‘(2) by an Indian tribe for the training of employees that—
‘‘(A) are engaged in the development of energy
resources on Indian land; or
‘‘(B) are responsible for protecting the environment.
‘‘(c) OTHER ASSISTANCE.—
‘‘(1) In carrying out the obligations of the United States
under this title, the Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum
extent practicable and to the extent of available resources,
that on the request of an Indian tribe, the Indian tribe shall
H. R. 6—176
have available scientific and technical information and expertise, for use in the regulation, development, and management
of energy resources of the Indian tribe on Indian land.
‘‘(2) The Secretary may carry out paragraph (1)—
‘‘(A) directly, through the use of Federal officials; or
‘‘(B) indirectly, by providing financial assistance to an
Indian tribe to secure independent assistance.
‘‘SEC. 2604. LEASES, BUSINESS AGREEMENTS, AND RIGHTS-OF-WAY
INVOLVING ENERGY DEVELOPMENT OR TRANSMISSION.
‘‘(a) LEASES AND BUSINESS AGREEMENTS.—In accordance with
this section—
‘‘(1) an Indian tribe may, at the discretion of the Indian
tribe, enter into a lease or business agreement for the purpose
of energy resource development on tribal land, including a
lease or business agreement for—
‘‘(A) exploration for, extraction of, processing of, or
other development of the energy mineral resources of the
Indian tribe located on tribal land; or
‘‘(B) construction or operation of—
‘‘(i) an electric generation, transmission, or distribution facility located on tribal land; or
‘‘(ii) a facility to process or refine energy resources
developed on tribal land; and
‘‘(2) a lease or business agreement described in paragraph
(1) shall not require review by or the approval of the Secretary
under section 2103 of the Revised Statutes (25 U.S.C. 81),
or any other provision of law, if—
‘‘(A) the lease or business agreement is executed pursuant to a tribal energy resource agreement approved by
the Secretary under subsection (e);
‘‘(B) the term of the lease or business agreement does
not exceed—
‘‘(i) 30 years; or
‘‘(ii) in the case of a lease for the production of
oil resources, gas resources, or both, 10 years and
as long thereafter as oil or gas is produced in paying
quantities; and
‘‘(C) the Indian tribe has entered into a tribal energy
resource agreement with the Secretary, as described in
subsection (e), relating to the development of energy
resources on tribal land (including the periodic review and
evaluation of the activities of the Indian tribe under the
agreement, to be conducted pursuant to subsection
(e)(2)(D)(i)).
‘‘(b) RIGHTS-OF-WAY FOR PIPELINES OR ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION
OR DISTRIBUTION LINES.—An Indian tribe may grant a right-ofway over tribal land for a pipeline or an electric transmission
or distribution line without review or approval by the Secretary
if—
‘‘(1) the right-of-way is executed in accordance with a tribal
energy resource agreement approved by the Secretary under
subsection (e);
‘‘(2) the term of the right-of-way does not exceed 30 years;
‘‘(3) the pipeline or electric transmission or distribution
line serves—
H. R. 6—177
‘‘(A) an electric generation, transmission, or distribution facility located on tribal land; or
‘‘(B) a facility located on tribal land that processes
or refines energy resources developed on tribal land; and
‘‘(4) the Indian tribe has entered into a tribal energy
resource agreement with the Secretary, as described in subsection (e), relating to the development of energy resources
on tribal land (including the periodic review and evaluation
of the activities of the Indian tribe under an agreement
described in subparagraphs (D) and (E) of subsection (e)(2)).
‘‘(c) RENEWALS.—A lease or business agreement entered into,
or a right-of-way granted, by an Indian tribe under this section
may be renewed at the discretion of the Indian tribe in accordance
with this section.
‘‘(d) VALIDITY.—No lease, business agreement, or right-of-way
relating to the development of tribal energy resources under this
section shall be valid unless the lease, business agreement, or
right-of-way is authorized by a tribal energy resource agreement
approved by the Secretary under subsection (e)(2).
‘‘(e) TRIBAL ENERGY RESOURCE AGREEMENTS.—
‘‘(1) On the date on which regulations are promulgated
under paragraph (8), an Indian tribe may submit to the Secretary for approval a tribal energy resource agreement governing leases, business agreements, and rights-of-way under
this section.
‘‘(2)(A) Not later than 270 days after the date on which
the Secretary receives a tribal energy resource agreement from
an Indian tribe under paragraph (1), or not later than 60
days after the Secretary receives a revised tribal energy
resource agreement from an Indian tribe under paragraph
(4)(C) (or a later date, as agreed to by the Secretary and
the Indian tribe), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove
the tribal energy resource agreement.
‘‘(B) The Secretary shall approve a tribal energy resource
agreement submitted under paragraph (1) if—
‘‘(i) the Secretary determines that the Indian tribe
has demonstrated that the Indian tribe has sufficient
capacity to regulate the development of energy resources
of the Indian tribe;
‘‘(ii) the tribal energy resource agreement includes
provisions required under subparagraph (D); and
‘‘(iii) the tribal energy resource agreement includes
provisions that, with respect to a lease, business agreement,
or right-of-way under this section—
‘‘(I) ensure the acquisition of necessary information
from the applicant for the lease, business agreement,
or right-of-way;
‘‘(II) address the term of the lease or business
agreement or the term of conveyance of the rightof-way;
‘‘(III) address amendments and renewals;
‘‘(IV) address the economic return to the Indian
tribe under leases, business agreements, and rightsof-way;
‘‘(V) address technical or other relevant requirements;
H. R. 6—178
‘‘(VI) establish requirements for environmental
review in accordance with subparagraph (C);
‘‘(VII) ensure compliance with all applicable
environmental laws, including a requirement that each
lease, business agreement, and right-of-way state that
the lessee, operator, or right-of-way grantee shall
comply with all such laws;
‘‘(VIII) identify final approval authority;
‘‘(IX) provide for public notification of final
approvals;
‘‘(X) establish a process for consultation with any
affected States regarding off-reservation impacts, if
any, identified under subparagraph (C)(i);
‘‘(XI) describe the remedies for breach of the lease,
business agreement, or right-of-way;
‘‘(XII) require each lease, business agreement, and
right-of-way to include a statement that, if any of
its provisions violates an express term or requirement
of the tribal energy resource agreement pursuant to
which the lease, business agreement, or right-of-way
was executed—
‘‘(aa) the provision shall be null and void; and
‘‘(bb) if the Secretary determines the provision
to be material, the Secretary may suspend or
rescind the lease, business agreement, or rightof-way or take other appropriate action that the
Secretary determines to be in the best interest
of the Indian tribe;
‘‘(XIII) require each lease, business agreement, and
right-of-way to provide that it will become effective
on the date on which a copy of the executed lease,
business agreement, or right-of-way is delivered to the
Secretary in accordance with regulations promulgated
under paragraph (8);
‘‘(XIV) include citations to tribal laws, regulations,
or procedures, if any, that set out tribal remedies that
must be exhausted before a petition may be submitted
to the Secretary under paragraph (7)(B);
‘‘(XV) specify the financial assistance, if any, to
be provided by the Secretary to the Indian tribe to
assist in implementation of the tribal energy resource
agreement, including environmental review of individual projects; and
‘‘(XVI) in accordance with the regulations promulgated by the Secretary under paragraph (8), require
that the Indian tribe, as soon as practicable after
receipt of a notice by the Indian tribe, give written
notice to the Secretary of—
‘‘(aa) any breach or other violation by another
party of any provision in a lease, business agreement, or right-of-way entered into under the tribal
energy resource agreement; and
‘‘(bb) any activity or occurrence under a lease,
business agreement, or right-of-way that constitutes a violation of Federal or tribal environmental laws.
H. R. 6—179
‘‘(C) Tribal energy resource agreements submitted
under paragraph (1) shall establish, and include provisions
to ensure compliance with, an environmental review
process that, with respect to a lease, business agreement,
or right-of-way under this section, provides for, at a minimum—
‘‘(i) the identification and evaluation of all significant environmental effects (as compared to a no-action
alternative), including effects on cultural resources;
‘‘(ii) the identification of proposed mitigation measures, if any, and incorporation of appropriate mitigation measures into the lease, business agreement, or
right-of-way;
‘‘(iii) a process for ensuring that—
‘‘(I) the public is informed of, and has an opportunity to comment on, the environmental impacts
of the proposed action; and
‘‘(II) responses to relevant and substantive
comments are provided, before tribal approval of
the lease, business agreement, or right-of-way;
‘‘(iv) sufficient administrative support and technical capability to carry out the environmental review
process; and
‘‘(v) oversight by the Indian tribe of energy development activities by any other party under any lease,
business agreement, or right-of-way entered into
pursuant to the tribal energy resource agreement, to
determine whether the activities are in compliance
with the tribal energy resource agreement and
applicable Federal environmental laws.
‘‘(D) A tribal energy resource agreement between the
Secretary and an Indian tribe under this subsection shall
include—
‘‘(i) provisions requiring the Secretary to conduct
a periodic review and evaluation to monitor the
performance of the activities of the Indian tribe associated with the development of energy resources under
the tribal energy resource agreement; and
‘‘(ii) if a periodic review and evaluation, or an
investigation, by the Secretary of any breach or violation described in a notice provided by the Indian tribe
to the Secretary in accordance with subparagraph
(B)(iii)(XVI), results in a finding by the Secretary of
imminent jeopardy to a physical trust asset arising
from a violation of the tribal energy resource agreement or applicable Federal laws, provisions authorizing
the Secretary to take actions determined by the Secretary to be necessary to protect the asset, including
reassumption of responsibility for activities associated
with the development of energy resources on tribal
land until the violation and any condition that caused
the jeopardy are corrected.
‘‘(E) Periodic review and evaluation under subparagraph (D) shall be conducted on an annual basis, except
that, after the third annual review and evaluation, the
Secretary and the Indian tribe may mutually agree to
amend the tribal energy resource agreement to authorize
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the review and evaluation under subparagraph (D) to be
conducted once every 2 years.
‘‘(3) The Secretary shall provide notice and opportunity
for public comment on tribal energy resource agreements submitted for approval under paragraph (1). The Secretary’s review
of a tribal energy resource agreement shall be limited to activities specified by the provisions of the tribal energy resource
agreement.
‘‘(4) If the Secretary disapproves a tribal energy resource
agreement submitted by an Indian tribe under paragraph (1),
the Secretary shall, not later than 10 days after the date
of disapproval—
‘‘(A) notify the Indian tribe in writing of the basis
for the disapproval;
‘‘(B) identify what changes or other actions are required
to address the concerns of the Secretary; and
‘‘(C) provide the Indian tribe with an opportunity to
revise and resubmit the tribal energy resource agreement.
‘‘(5) If an Indian tribe executes a lease or business agreement, or grants a right-of-way, in accordance with a tribal
energy resource agreement approved under this subsection,
the Indian tribe shall, in accordance with the process and
requirements under regulations promulgated under paragraph
(8), provide to the Secretary—
‘‘(A) a copy of the lease, business agreement, or rightof-way document (including all amendments to and
renewals of the document); and
‘‘(B) in the case of a tribal energy resource agreement
or a lease, business agreement, or right-of-way that permits
payments to be made directly to the Indian tribe, information and documentation of those payments sufficient to
enable the Secretary to discharge the trust responsibility
of the United States to enforce the terms of, and protect
the rights of the Indian tribe under, the lease, business
agreement, or right-of-way.
‘‘(6)(A) In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall—
‘‘(i) act in accordance with the trust responsibility of
the United States relating to mineral and other trust
resources; and
‘‘(ii) act in good faith and in the best interests of
the Indian tribes.
‘‘(B) Subject to the provisions of subsections (a)(2), (b),
and (c) waiving the requirement of Secretarial approval of
leases, business agreements, and rights-of-way executed pursuant to tribal energy resource agreements approved under this
section, and the provisions of subparagraph (D), nothing in
this section shall absolve the United States from any responsibility to Indians or Indian tribes, including, but not limited
to, those which derive from the trust relationship or from
any treaties, statutes, and other laws of the United States,
Executive orders, or agreements between the United States
and any Indian tribe.
‘‘(C) The Secretary shall continue to fulfill the trust obligation of the United States to ensure that the rights and interests
of an Indian tribe are protected if—
‘‘(i) any other party to a lease, business agreement,
or right-of-way violates any applicable Federal law or the
H. R. 6—181
terms of any lease, business agreement, or right-of-way
under this section; or
‘‘(ii) any provision in a lease, business agreement, or
right-of-way violates the tribal energy resource agreement
pursuant to which the lease, business agreement, or rightof-way was executed.
‘‘(D)(i) In this subparagraph, the term ‘negotiated term’
means any term or provision that is negotiated by an Indian
tribe and any other party to a lease, business agreement, or
right-of-way entered into pursuant to an approved tribal energy
resource agreement.
‘‘(ii) Notwithstanding subparagraph (B), the United States
shall not be liable to any party (including any Indian tribe)
for any negotiated term of, or any loss resulting from the
negotiated terms of, a lease, business agreement, or rightof-way executed pursuant to and in accordance with a tribal
energy resource agreement approved by the Secretary under
paragraph (2).
‘‘(7)(A) In this paragraph, the term ‘interested party’ means
any person (including an entity) that has demonstrated that
an interest of the person has sustained, or will sustain, an
adverse environmental impact as a result of the failure of
an Indian tribe to comply with a tribal energy resource agreement of the Indian tribe approved by the Secretary under
paragraph (2).
‘‘(B) After exhaustion of any tribal remedy, and in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary under paragraph (8), an interested party may submit to the Secretary
a petition to review the compliance by an Indian tribe with
a tribal energy resource agreement of the Indian tribe approved
by the Secretary under paragraph (2).
‘‘(C)(i) Not later than 20 days after the date on which
the Secretary receives a petition under subparagraph (B), the
Secretary shall—
‘‘(I) provide to the Indian tribe a copy of the petition;
and
‘‘(II) consult with the Indian tribe regarding any noncompliance alleged in the petition.
‘‘(ii) Not later than 45 days after the date on which a
consultation under clause (i)(II) takes place, the Indian tribe
shall respond to any claim made in a petition under subparagraph (B).
‘‘(iii) The Secretary shall act in accordance with subparagraphs (D) and (E) only if the Indian tribe—
‘‘(I) denies, or fails to respond to, each claim made
in the petition within the period described in clause (ii);
or
‘‘(II) fails, refuses, or is unable to cure or otherwise
resolve each claim made in the petition within a reasonable
period, as determined by the Secretary, after the expiration
of the period described in clause (ii).
‘‘(D)(i) Not later than 120 days after the date on which
the Secretary receives a petition under subparagraph (B), the
Secretary shall determine whether the Indian tribe is not in
compliance with the tribal energy resource agreement.
‘‘(ii) The Secretary may adopt procedures under paragraph
(8) authorizing an extension of time, not to exceed 120 days,
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for making the determination under clause (i) in any case
in which the Secretary determines that additional time is necessary to evaluate the allegations of the petition.
‘‘(iii) Subject to subparagraph (E), if the Secretary determines that the Indian tribe is not in compliance with the
tribal energy resource agreement, the Secretary shall take such
action as the Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure
compliance with the tribal energy resource agreement,
including—
‘‘(I) temporarily suspending any activity under a lease,
business agreement, or right-of-way under this section until
the Indian tribe is in compliance with the approved tribal
energy resource agreement; or
‘‘(II) rescinding approval of all or part of the tribal
energy resource agreement, and if all of the agreement
is rescinded, reassuming the responsibility for approval
of any future leases, business agreements, or rights-ofway described in subsection (a) or (b).
‘‘(E) Before taking an action described in subparagraph
(D)(iii), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(i) make a written determination that describes the
manner in which the tribal energy resource agreement
has been violated;
‘‘(ii) provide the Indian tribe with a written notice
of the violations together with the written determination;
and
‘‘(iii) before taking any action described in subparagraph (D)(iii) or seeking any other remedy, provide the
Indian tribe with a hearing and a reasonable opportunity
to attain compliance with the tribal energy resource agreement.
‘‘(F) An Indian tribe described in subparagraph (E) shall
retain all rights to appeal under any regulation promulgated
by the Secretary.
‘‘(8) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment
of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary shall promulgate
regulations that implement this subsection, including—
‘‘(A) criteria to be used in determining the capacity
of an Indian tribe under paragraph (2)(B)(i), including the
experience of the Indian tribe in managing natural
resources and financial and administrative resources available for use by the Indian tribe in implementing the
approved tribal energy resource agreement of the Indian
tribe;
‘‘(B) a process and requirements in accordance with
which an Indian tribe may—
‘‘(i) voluntarily rescind a tribal energy resource
agreement approved by the Secretary under this subsection; and
‘‘(ii) return to the Secretary the responsibility to
approve any future lease, business agreement, or rightof-way under this subsection;
‘‘(C) provisions establishing the scope of, and procedures for, the periodic review and evaluation described
in subparagraphs (D) and (E) of paragraph (2), including
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provisions for review of transactions, reports, site inspections, and any other review activities the Secretary determines to be appropriate; and
‘‘(D) provisions describing final agency actions after
exhaustion of administrative appeals from determinations
of the Secretary under paragraph (7).
‘‘(f) NO EFFECT ON OTHER LAW.—Nothing in this section affects
the application of—
‘‘(1) any Federal environmental law;
‘‘(2) the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of
1977 (30 U.S.C. 1201 et seq.); or
‘‘(3) except as otherwise provided in this title, the Indian
Mineral Development Act of 1982 (25 U.S.C. 2101 et seq.).
‘‘(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums as are necessary
for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2016 to carry out this section
and to make grants or provide other appropriate assistance to
Indian tribes to assist the Indian tribes in developing and implementing tribal energy resource agreements in accordance with this
section.
‘‘SEC. 2605. FEDERAL POWER MARKETING ADMINISTRATIONS.
‘‘(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) The term ‘Administrator’ means the Administrator of
the Bonneville Power Administration and the Administrator
of the Western Area Power Administration.
‘‘(2) The term ‘power marketing administration’ means—
‘‘(A) the Bonneville Power Administration;
‘‘(B) the Western Area Power Administration; and
‘‘(C) any other power administration the power allocation of which is used by or for the benefit of an Indian
tribe located in the service area of the administration.
‘‘(b) ENCOURAGEMENT OF INDIAN TRIBAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT.—Each Administrator shall encourage Indian tribal energy
development by taking such actions as the Administrators determine to be appropriate, including administration of programs of
the power marketing administration, in accordance with this section.
‘‘(c) ACTION BY ADMINISTRATORS.—In carrying out this section,
in accordance with laws in existence on the date of enactment
of the Energy Policy Act of 2005—
‘‘(1) each Administrator shall consider the unique relationship that exists between the United States and Indian tribes;
‘‘(2) power allocations from the Western Area Power
Administration to Indian tribes may be used to meet firming
and reserve needs of Indian-owned energy projects on Indian
land;
‘‘(3) the Administrator of the Western Area Power Administration may purchase non-federally generated power from
Indian tribes to meet the firming and reserve requirements
of the Western Area Power Administration; and
‘‘(4) each Administrator shall not—
‘‘(A) pay more than the prevailing market price for
an energy product; or
‘‘(B) obtain less than prevailing market terms and
conditions.
‘‘(d) ASSISTANCE FOR TRANSMISSION SYSTEM USE.—
H. R. 6—184
‘‘(1) An Administrator may provide technical assistance
to Indian tribes seeking to use the high-voltage transmission
system for delivery of electric power.
‘‘(2) The costs of technical assistance provided under paragraph (1) shall be funded—
‘‘(A) by the Secretary of Energy using nonreimbursable
funds appropriated for that purpose; or
‘‘(B) by any appropriate Indian tribe.
‘‘(e) POWER ALLOCATION STUDY.—Not later than 2 years after
the date of enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress a report that—
‘‘(1) describes the use by Indian tribes of Federal power
allocations of the power marketing administration (or power
sold by the Southwestern Power Administration) to or for the
benefit of Indian tribes in a service area of the power marketing
administration; and
‘‘(2) identifies—
‘‘(A) the quantity of power allocated to, or used for
the benefit of, Indian tribes by the Western Area Power
Administration;
‘‘(B) the quantity of power sold to Indian tribes by
any other power marketing administration; and
‘‘(C) barriers that impede tribal access to and use of
Federal power, including an assessment of opportunities
to remove those barriers and improve the ability of power
marketing administrations to deliver Federal power.
‘‘(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $750,000, non-reimbursable, to remain available until expended.
‘‘SEC. 2606. WIND AND HYDROPOWER FEASIBILITY STUDY.
‘‘(a) STUDY.—The Secretary of Energy, in coordination with
the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary, shall conduct a
study of the cost and feasibility of developing a demonstration
project that uses wind energy generated by Indian tribes and hydropower generated by the Army Corps of Engineers on the Missouri
River to supply firming power to the Western Area Power Administration.
‘‘(b) SCOPE OF STUDY.—The study shall—
‘‘(1) determine the economic and engineering feasibility
of blending wind energy and hydropower generated from the
Missouri River dams operated by the Army Corps of Engineers,
including an assessment of the costs and benefits of blending
wind energy and hydropower compared to current sources used
for firming power to the Western Area Power Administration;
‘‘(2) review historical and projected requirements for, patterns of availability and use of, and reasons for historical patterns concerning the availability of firming power;
‘‘(3) assess the wind energy resource potential on tribal
land and projected cost savings through a blend of wind and
hydropower over a 30-year period;
‘‘(4) determine seasonal capacity needs and associated
transmission upgrades for integration of tribal wind generation
and identify costs associated with these activities;
‘‘(5) include an independent tribal engineer and a Western
Area Power Administration customer representative as study
team members; and
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‘‘(6) incorporate, to the extent appropriate, the results of
the Dakotas Wind Transmission study prepared by the Western
Area Power Administration.
‘‘(c) REPORT.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment
of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary of Energy, the
Secretary, and the Secretary of the Army shall submit to Congress
a report that describes the results of the study, including—
‘‘(1) an analysis and comparison of the potential energy
cost or benefits to the customers of the Western Area Power
Administration through the use of combined wind and hydropower;
‘‘(2) an economic and engineering evaluation of whether
a combined wind and hydropower system can reduce reservoir
fluctuation, enhance efficient and reliable energy production,
and provide Missouri River management flexibility;
‘‘(3) if found feasible, recommendations for a demonstration
project to be carried out by the Western Area Power Administration, in partnership with an Indian tribal government or
tribal energy resource development organization, and Western
Area Power Administration customers to demonstrate the feasibility and potential of using wind energy produced on Indian
land to supply firming energy to the Western Area Power
Administration; and
‘‘(4) an identification of—
‘‘(A) the economic and environmental costs of, or benefits to be realized through, a Federal-tribal-customer partnership; and
‘‘(B) the manner in which a Federal-tribal-customer
partnership could contribute to the energy security of the
United States.
‘‘(d) FUNDING.—
‘‘(1) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000,
to remain available until expended.
‘‘(2) NONREIMBURSABILITY.—Costs incurred by the Secretary in carrying out this section shall be nonreimbursable.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—The table of contents for the
Energy Policy Act of 1992 is amended by striking the items relating
to title XXVI and inserting the following:
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
‘‘Sec.
2601.
2602.
2603.
2604.
Definitions.
Indian tribal energy resource development.
Indian tribal energy resource regulation.
Leases, business agreements, and rights-of-way involving energy development or transmission.
‘‘Sec. 2605. Federal Power Marketing Administrations.
‘‘Sec. 2606. Wind and hydropower feasibility study.’’.
SEC. 504. CONSULTATION WITH INDIAN TRIBES.
In carrying out this title and the amendments made by this
title, the Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior shall, as
appropriate and to the maximum extent practicable, involve and
consult with Indian tribes.
SEC. 505. FOUR CORNERS TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECT AND ELECTRIFICATION.
(a) TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECT.—The Dine Power Authority,
an enterprise of the Navajo Nation, shall be eligible to receive
grants and other assistance under section 217 of the Department
of Energy Organization Act, as added by section 502, and section
H. R. 6—186
2602 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, as amended by this Act,
for activities associated with the development of a transmission
line from the Four Corners Area to southern Nevada, including
related power generation opportunities.
(b) NAVAJO ELECTRIFICATION.—Section 602 of Public Law 106–
511 (114 Stat. 2376) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in the first sentence, by striking ‘‘5-year’’ and
inserting ‘‘10-year’’; and
(B) in the third sentence, by striking ‘‘2006’’ and
inserting ‘‘2011’’; and
(2) in the first sentence of subsection (e) by striking ‘‘2006’’
and inserting ‘‘2011’’.
SEC. 506. ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED HOUSING.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall promote energy conservation in housing that is located
on Indian land and assisted with Federal resources through—
(1) the use of energy-efficient technologies and innovations
(including the procurement of energy-efficient refrigerators and
other appliances);
(2) the promotion of shared savings contracts; and
(3) the use and implementation of such other similar technologies and innovations as the Secretary of Housing and Urban
Development considers to be appropriate.
(b) AMENDMENT.—Section 202(2) of the Native American
Housing and Self-Determination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4132(2))
is amended by inserting ‘‘improvement to achieve greater energy
efficiency,’’ after ‘‘planning,’’.
TITLE VI—NUCLEAR MATTERS
Subtitle A—Price-Anderson Act
Amendments
SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.
This subtitle may be cited as the ‘‘Price-Anderson Amendments
Act of 2005’’.
SEC. 602. EXTENSION OF INDEMNIFICATION AUTHORITY.
(a) INDEMNIFICATION OF NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION
LICENSEES.—Section 170 c. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42
U.S.C. 2210(c)) is amended—
(1) in the subsection heading, by striking ‘‘LICENSES’’ and
inserting ‘‘LICENSEES’’; and
(2) by striking ‘‘December 31, 2003’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘December 31, 2025’’.
(b) INDEMNIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT CONTRACTORS.—Section
170 d.(1)(A) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2210(d)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ‘‘December 31, 2006’’ and
inserting ‘‘December 31, 2025’’.
(c) INDEMNIFICATION OF NONPROFIT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.—Section 170 k. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2210(k)) is amended by striking ‘‘August 1, 2002’’ each place it
appears and inserting ‘‘December 31, 2025’’.
H. R. 6—187
SEC. 603. MAXIMUM ASSESSMENT.
Section 170 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2210)
is amended—
(1) in the second proviso of the third sentence of subsection
b.(1)—
(A) by striking ‘‘$63,000,000’’ and inserting
‘‘$95,800,000’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘$10,000,000 in any 1 year’’ and
inserting ‘‘$15,000,000 in any 1 year (subject to adjustment
for inflation under subsection t.)’’; and
(2) in subsection t.(1)—
(A) by inserting ‘‘total and annual’’ after ‘‘amount of
the maximum’’;
(B) by striking ‘‘the date of the enactment of the PriceAnderson Amendments Act of 1988’’ and inserting ‘‘August
20, 2003’’; and
(C) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘such date of
enactment’’ and inserting ‘‘August 20, 2003’’.
SEC. 604. DEPARTMENT LIABILITY LIMIT.
(a) INDEMNIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT CONTRACTORS.—Section
170 d. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2210(d)) is
amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
‘‘(2) In an agreement of indemnification entered into under
paragraph (1), the Secretary—
‘‘(A) may require the contractor to provide and maintain
financial protection of such a type and in such amounts as
the Secretary shall determine to be appropriate to cover public
liability arising out of or in connection with the contractual
activity; and
‘‘(B) shall indemnify the persons indemnified against such
liability above the amount of the financial protection required,
in the amount of $10,000,000,000 (subject to adjustment for
inflation under subsection t.), in the aggregate, for all persons
indemnified in connection with the contract and for each
nuclear incident, including such legal costs of the contractor
as are approved by the Secretary.’’.
(b) CONTRACT AMENDMENTS.—Section 170 d. of the Atomic
Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2210(d)) is further amended by
striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following—
‘‘(3) All agreements of indemnification under which the Department of Energy (or its predecessor agencies) may be required to
indemnify any person under this section shall be deemed to be
amended, on the date of enactment of the Price-Anderson Amendments Act of 2005, to reflect the amount of indemnity for public
liability and any applicable financial protection required of the
contractor under this subsection.’’.
(c) LIABILITY LIMIT.—Section 170 e.(1)(B) of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2210(e)(1)(B)) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘the maximum amount of financial protection required under subsection b. or’’; and
(2) by striking ‘‘paragraph (3) of subsection d., whichever
amount is more’’ and inserting ‘‘paragraph (2) of subsection
d.’’.
H. R. 6—188
SEC. 605. INCIDENTS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
(a) AMOUNT OF INDEMNIFICATION.—Section 170 d.(5) of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2210(d)(5)) is amended by
striking ‘‘$100,000,000’’ and inserting ‘‘$500,000,000’’.
(b) LIABILITY LIMIT.—Section 170 e.(4) of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2210(e)(4)) is amended by striking
‘‘$100,000,000’’ and inserting ‘‘$500,000,000’’.
SEC. 606. REPORTS.
Section 170 p. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2210(p)) is amended by striking ‘‘August 1, 1998’’ and inserting
‘‘December 31, 2021’’.
SEC. 607. INFLATION ADJUSTMENT.
Section 170 t. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2210(t)) is amended—
(1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
(2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
‘‘(2) The Secretary shall adjust the amount of indemnification
provided under an agreement of indemnification under subsection
d. not less than once during each 5-year period following July
1, 2003, in accordance with the aggregate percentage change in
the Consumer Price Index since—
‘‘(A) that date, in the case of the first adjustment under
this paragraph; or
‘‘(B) the previous adjustment under this paragraph.’’.
SEC. 608. TREATMENT OF MODULAR REACTORS.
Section 170 b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2210(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(5)(A) For purposes of this section only, the Commission shall
consider a combination of facilities described in subparagraph (B)
to be a single facility having a rated capacity of 100,000 electrical
kilowatts or more.
‘‘(B) A combination of facilities referred to in subparagraph
(A) is two or more facilities located at a single site, each of which
has a rated capacity of 100,000 electrical kilowatts or more but
not more than 300,000 electrical kilowatts, with a combined rated
capacity of not more than 1,300,000 electrical kilowatts.’’.
SEC. 609. APPLICABILITY.
The amendments made by sections 603, 604, and 605 do not
apply to a nuclear incident that occurs before the date of the
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 610. CIVIL PENALTIES.
(a) REPEAL OF AUTOMATIC REMISSION.—Section 234A b.(2) of
the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2282a(b)(2)) is amended
by striking the last sentence.
(b) LIMITATION FOR NOT-FOR-PROFIT INSTITUTIONS.—Subsection
d. of section 234A of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2282a(d)) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘d.(1) Notwithstanding subsection a., in the case of any notfor-profit contractor, subcontractor, or supplier, the total amount
of civil penalties paid under subsection a. may not exceed the
total amount of fees paid within any 1-year period (as determined
by the Secretary) under the contract under which the violation
occurs.
H. R. 6—189
‘‘(2) For purposes of this section, the term ‘not-for-profit’ means
that no part of the net earnings of the contractor, subcontractor,
or supplier inures to the benefit of any natural person or forprofit artificial person.’’.
(c) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendments made by this section
shall not apply to any violation of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954
(42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) occurring under a contract entered into
before the date of enactment of this section.
Subtitle B—General Nuclear Matters
SEC. 621. LICENSES.
Section 103 c. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2133(c)) is amended by inserting ‘‘from the authorization to commence operations’’ after ‘‘forty years’’.
SEC. 622. NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION SCHOLARSHIP AND
FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 19 of the Atomic Energy Act of
1954 is amended by inserting after section 242 (42 U.S.C. 2015a)
the following:
‘‘SEC. 243. SCHOLARSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.
‘‘a. SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.—To enable students to study, for
at least 1 academic semester or equivalent term, science,
engineering, or another field of study that the Commission determines is in a critical skill area related to the regulatory mission
of the Commission, the Commission may carry out a program to—
‘‘(1) award scholarships to undergraduate students who—
‘‘(A) are United States citizens; and
‘‘(B) enter into an agreement under subsection c. to
be employed by the Commission in the area of study for
which the scholarship is awarded.
‘‘b. FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.—To enable students to pursue education in science, engineering, or another field of study that the
Commission determines is in a critical skill area related to its
regulatory mission, in a graduate or professional degree program
offered by an institution of higher education in the United States,
the Commission may carry out a program to—
‘‘(1) award fellowships to graduate students who—
‘‘(A) are United States citizens; and
‘‘(B) enter into an agreement under subsection c. to
be employed by the Commission in the area of study for
which the fellowship is awarded.
‘‘c. REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—As a condition of receiving a scholarship
or fellowship under subsection a. or b., a recipient of the scholarship or fellowship shall enter into an agreement with the
Commission under which, in return for the assistance, the
recipient shall—
‘‘(A) maintain satisfactory academic progress in the
studies of the recipient, as determined by criteria established by the Commission;
‘‘(B) agree that failure to maintain satisfactory academic progress shall constitute grounds on which the
Commission may terminate the assistance;
H. R. 6—190
‘‘(C) on completion of the academic course of study
in connection with which the assistance was provided, and
in accordance with criteria established by the Commission,
engage in employment by the Commission for a period
specified by the Commission, that shall be not less than
1 time and not more than 3 times the period for which
the assistance was provided; and
‘‘(D) if the recipient fails to meet the requirements
of subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), reimburse the United
States Government for—
‘‘(i) the entire amount of the assistance provided
the recipient under the scholarship or fellowship; and
‘‘(ii) interest at a rate determined by the Commission.
‘‘(2) WAIVER OR SUSPENSION.—The Commission may establish criteria for the partial or total waiver or suspension of
any obligation of service or payment incurred by a recipient
of a scholarship or fellowship under this section.
‘‘d. COMPETITIVE PROCESS.—Recipients of scholarships or fellowships under this section shall be selected through a competitive
process primarily on the basis of academic merit and such other
criteria as the Commission may establish, with consideration given
to financial need and the goal of promoting the participation of
individuals identified in section 33 or 34 of the Science and
Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a, 1885b).
‘‘e. DIRECT APPOINTMENT.—The Commission may appoint
directly, with no further competition, public notice, or consideration
of any other potential candidate, an individual who has—
‘‘(1) received a scholarship or fellowship awarded by the
Commission under this section; and
‘‘(2) completed the academic program for which the scholarship or fellowship was awarded.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of sections of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. prec. 2011) is amended
by adding after the item relating to section 242 the following:
‘‘Sec. 243. Scholarship and fellowship program.’’.
SEC. 623. COST RECOVERY FROM GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.
Section 161 w. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2201(w)) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘for or is issued’’ and all that follows through
‘‘1702’’ and inserting ‘‘to the Commission for, or is issued by
the Commission, a license or certificate’’;
(2) by striking ‘‘483a’’ and inserting ‘‘9701’’; and
(3) by striking ‘‘, of applicants for, or holders of, such
licenses or certificates’’.
SEC. 624. ELIMINATION OF PENSION OFFSET FOR CERTAIN REHIRED
FEDERAL RETIREES.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 14 of the Atomic Energy Act of
1954 (42 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end
the following:
H. R. 6—191
‘‘SEC. 170C. ELIMINATION OF PENSION OFFSET FOR CERTAIN REHIRED
FEDERAL RETIREES.
‘‘a. IN GENERAL.—The Commission may waive the application
of section 8344 or 8468 of title 5, United States Code, on a caseby-case basis for employment of an annuitant—
‘‘(1) in a position of the Commission for which there is
exceptional difficulty in recruiting or retaining a qualified
employee; or
‘‘(2) when a temporary emergency hiring need exists.
‘‘b. PROCEDURES.—The Commission shall prescribe procedures
for the exercise of authority under this section, including—
‘‘(1) criteria for any exercise of authority; and
‘‘(2) procedures for a delegation of authority.
‘‘c. EFFECT OF WAIVER.—An employee as to whom a waiver
under this section is in effect shall not be considered an employee
for purposes of subchapter II of chapter 83, or chapter 84, of
title 5, United States Code.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of sections of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. prec. 2011) is amended
by adding at the end of the items relating to chapter 14 the
following:
‘‘Sec. 170C. Elimination of pension offset for certain rehired Federal retirees.’’.
SEC. 625. ANTITRUST REVIEW.
Section 105 c. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2135(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(9) APPLICABILITY.—This subsection does not apply to an
application for a license to construct or operate a utilization facility
or production facility under section 103 or 104 b. that is filed
on or after the date of enactment of this paragraph.’’.
SEC. 626. DECOMMISSIONING.
Section 161 i. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2201(i)) is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘and (3)’’ and inserting ‘‘(3)’’; and
(2) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: ‘‘, and (4) to ensure that sufficient funds will be available for the decommissioning of any production or utilization
facility licensed under section 103 or 104 b., including standards
and restrictions governing the control, maintenance, use, and
disbursement by any former licensee under this Act that has
control over any fund for the decommissioning of the facility’’.
SEC. 627. LIMITATION ON LEGAL FEE REIMBURSEMENT.
Title II of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C.
5841 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new
section:
‘‘LIMITATION
ON LEGAL FEE REIMBURSEMENT
‘‘SEC. 212. The Department of Energy shall not, except as
required under a contract entered into before the date of enactment
of this section, reimburse any contractor or subcontractor of the
Department for any legal fees or expenses incurred with respect
to a complaint subsequent to—
‘‘(1) an adverse determination on the merits with respect
to such complaint against the contractor or subcontractor by
the Director of the Department of Energy’s Office of Hearings
H. R. 6—192
and Appeals pursuant to part 708 of title 10, Code of Federal
Regulations, or by a Department of Labor Administrative Law
Judge pursuant to section 211 of this Act; or
‘‘(2) an adverse final judgment by any State or Federal
court with respect to such complaint against the contractor
or subcontractor for wrongful termination or retaliation due
to the making of disclosures protected under chapter 12 of
title 5, United States Code, section 211 of this Act, or any
comparable State law,
unless the adverse determination or final judgment is reversed
upon further administrative or judicial review.’’.
SEC. 628. DECOMMISSIONING PILOT PROGRAM.
(a) PILOT PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall establish a decommissioning pilot program under which the Secretary shall decommission
and decontaminate the sodium-cooled fast breeder experimental
test-site reactor located in northwest Arkansas, in accordance with
the decommissioning activities contained in the report of the Department relating to the reactor, dated August 31, 1998.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
$16,000,000.
SEC. 629. WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTION.
(a) DEFINITION OF EMPLOYER.—Section 211(a)(2) of the Energy
Reorganization Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5851(a)(2)) is amended—
(1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end;
(2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the
end and inserting a semicolon; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(E) a contractor or subcontractor of the Commission;
‘‘(F) the Commission; and
‘‘(G) the Department of Energy.’’.
(b) DE NOVO REVIEW.—Subsection (b) of such section 211 is
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
‘‘(4) If the Secretary has not issued a final decision within
1 year after the filing of a complaint under paragraph (1),
and there is no showing that such delay is due to the bad
faith of the person seeking relief under this paragraph, such
person may bring an action at law or equity for de novo review
in the appropriate district court of the United States, which
shall have jurisdiction over such an action without regard to
the amount in controversy.’’.
SEC. 630. MEDICAL ISOTOPE PRODUCTION.
Section 134 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2160d)
is amended—
(1) in subsection a., by striking ‘‘a. The Commission’’ and
inserting ‘‘a. IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subsection
b., the Commission’’;
(2) by redesignating subsection b. as subsection c.; and
(3) by inserting after subsection a. the following:
‘‘b. MEDICAL ISOTOPE PRODUCTION.—
‘‘(1) DEFINITIONS.—In this subsection:
‘‘(A) HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM.—The term ‘highly
enriched uranium’ means uranium enriched to include concentration of U–235 above 20 percent.
H. R. 6—193
‘‘(B) MEDICAL ISOTOPE.—The term ‘medical isotope’
includes Molybdenum 99, Iodine 131, Xenon 133, and other
radioactive materials used to produce a radiopharmaceutical for diagnostic, therapeutic procedures or for
research and development.
‘‘(C) RADIOPHARMACEUTICAL.—The term ‘radiopharmaceutical’ means a radioactive isotope that—
‘‘(i) contains byproduct material combined with
chemical or biological material; and
‘‘(ii) is designed to accumulate temporarily in a
part of the body for therapeutic purposes or for
enabling the production of a useful image for use in
a diagnosis of a medical condition.
‘‘(D) RECIPIENT COUNTRY.—The term ‘recipient country’
means Canada, Belgium, France, Germany, and the
Netherlands.
‘‘(2) LICENSES.—The Commission may issue a license
authorizing the export (including shipment to and use at intermediate and ultimate consignees specified in the license) to
a recipient country of highly enriched uranium for medical
isotope production if, in addition to any other requirements
of this Act (except subsection a.), the Commission determines
that—
‘‘(A) a recipient country that supplies an assurance
letter to the United States Government in connection with
the consideration by the Commission of the export license
application has informed the United States Government
that any intermediate consignees and the ultimate consignee specified in the application are required to use the
highly enriched uranium solely to produce medical isotopes;
and
‘‘(B) the highly enriched uranium for medical isotope
production will be irradiated only in a reactor in a recipient
country that—
‘‘(i) uses an alternative nuclear reactor fuel; or
‘‘(ii) is the subject of an agreement with the United
States Government to convert to an alternative nuclear
reactor fuel when alternative nuclear reactor fuel can
be used in the reactor.
‘‘(3) REVIEW OF PHYSICAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Commission shall review the
adequacy of physical protection requirements that, as of
the date of an application under paragraph (2), are
applicable to the transportation and storage of highly
enriched uranium for medical isotope production or control
of residual material after irradiation and extraction of medical isotopes.
‘‘(B) IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.—If the
Commission determines that additional physical protection
requirements are necessary (including a limit on the
quantity of highly enriched uranium that may be contained
in a single shipment), the Commission shall impose such
requirements as license conditions or through other appropriate means.
‘‘(4) FIRST REPORT TO CONGRESS.—
H. R. 6—194
‘‘(A) NAS STUDY.—The Secretary shall enter into an
arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences to
conduct a study to determine—
‘‘(i) the feasibility of procuring supplies of medical
isotopes from commercial sources that do not use highly
enriched uranium;
‘‘(ii) the current and projected demand and availability of medical isotopes in regular current domestic
use;
‘‘(iii) the progress that is being made by the
Department of Energy and others to eliminate all use
of highly enriched uranium in reactor fuel, reactor
targets, and medical isotope production facilities; and
‘‘(iv) the potential cost differential in medical isotope production in the reactors and target processing
facilities if the products were derived from production
systems that do not involve fuels and targets with
highly enriched uranium.
‘‘(B) FEASIBILITY.—For the purpose of this subsection,
the use of low enriched uranium to produce medical isotopes shall be determined to be feasible if—
‘‘(i) low enriched uranium targets have been developed and demonstrated for use in the reactors and
target processing facilities that produce significant
quantities of medical isotopes to serve United States
needs for such isotopes;
‘‘(ii) sufficient quantities of medical isotopes are
available from low enriched uranium targets and fuel
to meet United States domestic needs; and
‘‘(iii) the average anticipated total cost increase
from production of medical isotopes in such facilities
without use of highly enriched uranium is less than
10 percent.
‘‘(C) REPORT BY THE SECRETARY.—Not later than 5
years after the date of enactment of the Energy Policy
Act of 2005, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a
report that—
‘‘(i) contains the findings of the National Academy
of Sciences made in the study under subparagraph
(A); and
‘‘(ii) discloses the existence of any commitments
from commercial producers to provide domestic requirements for medical isotopes without use of highly
enriched uranium consistent with the feasibility criteria described in subparagraph (B) not later than
the date that is 4 years after the date of submission
of the report.
‘‘(5) SECOND REPORT TO CONGRESS.—If the study of the
National Academy of Sciences determines under paragraph
(4)(A)(i) that the procurement of supplies of medical isotopes
from commercial sources that do not use highly enriched uranium is feasible, but the Secretary is unable to report the
existence of commitments under paragraph (4)(C)(ii), not later
than the date that is 6 years after the date of enactment
of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Secretary shall submit
to Congress a report that describes options for developing
domestic supplies of medical isotopes in quantities that are
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adequate to meet domestic demand without the use of highly
enriched uranium consistent with the cost increase described
in paragraph (4)(B)(iii).
‘‘(6) CERTIFICATION.—At such time as commercial facilities
that do not use highly enriched uranium are capable of meeting
domestic requirements for medical isotopes, within the cost
increase described in paragraph (4)(B)(iii) and without
impairing the reliable supply of medical isotopes for domestic
utilization, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a certification to that effect.
‘‘(7) SUNSET PROVISION.—After the Secretary submits a certification under paragraph (6), the Commission shall, by rule,
terminate its review of export license applications under this
subsection.’’.
SEC. 631. SAFE DISPOSAL OF GREATER-THAN-CLASS C RADIOACTIVE
WASTE.
(a) RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACTIVITIES TO PROVIDE STORAGE
FACILITY.—The Secretary shall provide to Congress official notification of the final designation of an entity within the Department
to have the responsibility of completing activities needed to provide
a facility for safely disposing of all greater-than-Class C low-level
radioactive waste.
(b) REPORTS AND PLANS.—
(1) REPORT ON PERMANENT DISPOSAL FACILITY.—
(A) PLAN REGARDING COST AND SCHEDULE FOR COMPLETION OF EIS AND ROD.—Not later than 1 year after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation
with Congress, shall submit to Congress a report containing
an estimate of the cost and a proposed schedule to complete
an environmental impact statement and record of decision
for a permanent disposal facility for greater-than-Class
C radioactive waste.
(B) ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES.—Before the Secretary
makes a final decision on the disposal alternative or alternatives to be implemented, the Secretary shall—
(i) submit to Congress a report that describes all
alternatives under consideration, including all information required in the comprehensive report making recommendations for ensuring the safe disposal of all
greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste that
was submitted by the Secretary to Congress in February 1987; and
(ii) await action by Congress.
(2) SHORT-TERM PLAN FOR RECOVERY AND STORAGE.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit
to Congress a plan to ensure the continued recovery and
storage of greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive sealed
sources that pose a security threat until a permanent disposal facility is available.
(B) CONTENTS.—The plan shall address estimated cost,
resource, and facility needs.
SEC. 632. PROHIBITION ON NUCLEAR EXPORTS TO COUNTRIES THAT
SPONSOR TERRORISM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 129 of the Atomic Energy Act of
1954 (42 U.S.C. 2158) is amended—
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(1) by inserting ‘‘a.’’ before ‘‘No nuclear materials and equipment’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
‘‘b.(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, including
specifically section 121 of this Act, and except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), no nuclear materials and equipment or sensitive
nuclear technology, including items and assistance authorized by
section 57 b. of this Act and regulated under part 810 of title
10, Code of Federal Regulations, and nuclear-related items on the
Commerce Control List maintained under part 774 of title 15 of
the Code of Federal Regulations, shall be exported or reexported,
or transferred or retransferred whether directly or indirectly, and
no Federal agency shall issue any license, approval, or authorization
for the export or reexport, or transfer, or retransfer, whether directly
or indirectly, of these items or assistance (as defined in this paragraph) to any country whose government has been identified by
the Secretary of State as engaged in state sponsorship of terrorist
activities (specifically including any country the government of
which has been determined by the Secretary of State under section
620A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371(a)),
section 6(j)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C.
App. 2405(j)(1)), or section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act
(22 U.S.C. 2780(d)) to have repeatedly provided support for acts
of international terrorism).
‘‘(2) This subsection shall not apply to exports, reexports, transfers, or retransfers of radiation monitoring technologies, surveillance
equipment, seals, cameras, tamper-indication devices, nuclear detectors, monitoring systems, or equipment necessary to safely store,
transport, or remove hazardous materials, whether such items,
services, or information are regulated by the Department of Energy,
the Department of Commerce, or the Commission, except to the
extent that such technologies, equipment, seals, cameras, devices,
detectors, or systems are available for use in the design or construction of nuclear reactors or nuclear weapons.
‘‘(3) The President may waive the application of paragraph
(1) to a country if the President determines and certifies to Congress
that the waiver will not result in any increased risk that the
country receiving the waiver will acquire nuclear weapons, nuclear
reactors, or any materials or components of nuclear weapons and—
‘‘(A) the government of such country has not within the
preceding 12-month period willfully aided or abetted the international proliferation of nuclear explosive devices to individuals
or groups or willfully aided and abetted an individual or groups
in acquiring unsafeguarded nuclear materials;
‘‘(B) in the judgment of the President, the government
of such country has provided adequate, verifiable assurances
that it will cease its support for acts of international terrorism;
‘‘(C) the waiver of that paragraph is in the vital national
security interest of the United States; or
‘‘(D) such a waiver is essential to prevent or respond to
a serious radiological hazard in the country receiving the waiver
that may or does threaten public health and safety.’’.
(b) APPLICABILITY TO EXPORTS APPROVED FOR TRANSFER BUT
NOT TRANSFERRED.—Subsection b. of section 129 of Atomic Energy
Act of 1954, as added by subsection (a) of this section, shall apply
with respect to exports that have been approved for transfer as
H. R. 6—197
of the date of the enactment of this Act but have not yet been
transferred as of that date.
SEC. 633. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS.
Section 3110(a) of the USEC Privatization Act (42 U.S.C.
2297h–8(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new
paragraph:
‘‘(8) CONTINUITY OF BENEFITS.—To the extent appropriations
are provided in advance for this purpose or are otherwise available,
not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this paragraph,
the Secretary shall implement such actions as are necessary to
ensure that any employee who—
‘‘(A) is involved in providing infrastructure or environmental remediation services at the Portsmouth, Ohio, or the
Paducah, Kentucky, Gaseous Diffusion Plant;
‘‘(B) has been an employee of the Department of Energy’s
predecessor management and integrating contractor (or its first
or second tier subcontractors), or of the Corporation, at the
Portsmouth, Ohio, or the Paducah, Kentucky, facility; and
‘‘(C) was eligible as of April 1, 2005, to participate in
or transfer into the Multiple Employer Pension Plan or the
associated multiple employer retiree health care benefit plans,
as defined in those plans,
shall continue to be eligible to participate in or transfer into such
pension or health care benefit plans.’’.
SEC. 634. DEMONSTRATION HYDROGEN PRODUCTION AT EXISTING
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS.
(a) DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.—The Secretary shall provide
for the establishment of 2 projects in geographic areas that are
regionally and climatically diverse to demonstrate the commercial
production of hydrogen at existing nuclear power plants.
(b) ECONOMIC ANALYSIS.—Prior to making an award under
subsection (a), the Secretary shall determine whether the use of
existing nuclear power plants is a cost-effective means of producing
hydrogen.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary for the purposes of carrying
out this section not more than $100,000,000.
SEC. 635. PROHIBITION ON ASSUMPTION BY UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT OF LIABILITY FOR CERTAIN FOREIGN INCIDENTS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
no officer of the United States or of any department, agency, or
instrumentality of the United States Government may enter into
any contract or other arrangement, or into any amendment or
modification of a contract or other arrangement, the purpose or
effect of which would be to directly or indirectly impose liability
on the United States Government, or any department, agency,
or instrumentality of the United States Government, or to otherwise
directly or indirectly require an indemnity by the United States
Government, for nuclear incidents occurring in connection with
the design, construction, or operation of a production facility or
utilization facility in any country whose government has been
identified by the Secretary of State as engaged in state sponsorship
of terrorist activities (specifically including any country the government of which, as of September 11, 2001, had been determined
by the Secretary of State under section 620A(a) of the Foreign
H. R. 6—198
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371(a)), section 6(j)(1) of the
Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)), or
section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2780(d))
to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism). This section shall not apply to nuclear incidents occurring
as a result of missions, carried out under the direction of the
Secretary, the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of State,
that are necessary to safely secure, store, transport, or remove
nuclear materials for nuclear safety or nonproliferation purposes.
(b) DEFINITIONS.—The terms used in this section shall have
the same meaning as those terms have under section 11 of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014), unless otherwise
expressly provided in this section.
SEC. 636. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are
necessary to carry out this subtitle and the amendments made
by this subtitle.
SEC. 637. NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION USER FEES AND
ANNUAL CHARGES.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 6101 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 2214) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking ‘‘Except as provided in paragraph (3),
the’’ and inserting ‘‘The’’ in paragraph (1); and
(B) by striking paragraph (3); and
(2) in subsection (c)—
(A) by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end of paragraph (2)(A)(i);
(B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph
(2)(A)(ii) and inserting a semicolon;
(C) by adding at the end of paragraph (2)(A) the following new clauses:
‘‘(iii) amounts appropriated to the Commission for
the fiscal year for implementation of section 3116 of
the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization
Act for Fiscal Year 2005; and
‘‘(iv) amounts appropriated to the Commission for
homeland security activities of the Commission for the
fiscal year, except for the costs of fingerprinting and
background checks required by section 149 of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2169) and the
costs of conducting security inspections.’’; and
(D) by amending paragraph (2)(B)(v) to read as follows:
‘‘(v) 90 percent for fiscal year 2005 and each fiscal
year thereafter.’’.
(b) REPEAL.—Section 7601 of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget
Reconciliation Act of 1985 (42 U.S.C. 2213) is repealed.
(c) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendments made by this section
take effect on October 1, 2006.
SEC. 638. STANDBY SUPPORT FOR CERTAIN NUCLEAR PLANT DELAYS.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ADVANCED NUCLEAR FACILITY.—The term ‘‘advanced
nuclear facility’’ means any nuclear facility the reactor design
for which is approved after December 31, 1993, by the Commission (and such design or a substantially similar design of comparable capacity was not approved on or before that date).
H. R. 6—199
(2) COMBINED LICENSE.—The term ‘‘combined license’’
means a combined construction and operating license for an
advanced nuclear facility issued by the Commission.
(3) COMMISSION.—The term ‘‘Commission’’ means the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
(4) SPONSOR.—The term ‘‘sponsor’’ means a person who
has applied for or been granted a combined license.
(b) CONTRACT AUTHORITY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may enter into contracts
under this section with sponsors of an advanced nuclear facility
that cover a total of 6 reactors, with the 6 reactors consisting
of not more than 3 different reactor designs, in accordance
with paragraph (2).
(2) REQUIREMENT FOR CONTRACTS.—
(A) DEFINITION OF LOAN COST.—In this paragraph, the
term ‘‘loan cost’’ has the meaning given the term ‘‘cost
of a loan guarantee’’ under section 502(5)(C) of the Federal
Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a(5)(C)).
(B) ESTABLISHMENT OF ACCOUNTS.—There is established in the Department 2 separate accounts, which shall
be known as the—
(i) ‘‘Standby Support Program Account’’; and
(ii) ‘‘Standby Support Grant Account’’.
(C) REQUIREMENT.—The Secretary shall not enter into
a contract under this section unless the Secretary
deposits—
(i) in the Standby Support Program Account established under subparagraph (B), funds appropriated to
the Secretary in advance of the contract or a combination of appropriated funds and loan guarantee fees
that are in an amount sufficient to cover the loan
costs described in subsection (d)(5)(A); and
(ii) in the Standby Support Grant Account established under subparagraph (B), funds appropriated to
the Secretary in advance of the contract, paid to the
Secretary by the sponsor of the advanced nuclear
facility, or a combination of appropriations and payments that are in an amount sufficient cover the costs
described in subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) of subsection (d)(5).
(c) COVERED DELAYS.—
(1) INCLUSIONS.—Under each contract authorized by this
section, the Secretary shall pay the costs specified in subsection
(d), using funds appropriated or collected for the covered costs,
if full power operation of the advanced nuclear facility is
delayed by—
(A) the failure of the Commission to comply with schedules for review and approval of inspections, tests, analyses,
and acceptance criteria established under the combined
license or the conduct of preoperational hearings by the
Commission for the advanced nuclear facility; or
(B) litigation that delays the commencement of fullpower operations of the advanced nuclear facility.
(2) EXCLUSIONS.—The Secretary may not enter into any
contract under this section that would obligate the Secretary
to pay any costs resulting from—
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(A) the failure of the sponsor to take any action
required by law or regulation;
(B) events within the control of the sponsor; or
(C) normal business risks.
(d) COVERED COSTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraphs (2), (3), and (4),
the costs that shall be paid by the Secretary pursuant to
a contract entered into under this section are the costs that
result from a delay covered by the contract.
(2) INITIAL 2 REACTORS.—In the case of the first 2 reactors
that receive combined licenses and on which construction is
commenced, the Secretary shall pay—
(A) 100 percent of the covered costs of delay; but
(B) not more than $500,000,000 per contract.
(3) SUBSEQUENT 4 REACTORS.—In the case of the next 4
reactors that receive a combined license and on which construction is commenced, the Secretary shall pay—
(A) 50 percent of the covered costs of delay that occur
after the initial 180-day period of covered delay; but
(B) not more than $250,000,000 per contract.
(4) CONDITIONS ON PAYMENT OF CERTAIN COVERED COSTS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The obligation of the Secretary to
pay the covered costs described in subparagraph (B) of
paragraph (5) is subject to the Secretary receiving from
appropriations or payments from other non-Federal sources
amounts sufficient to pay the covered costs.
(B) NON-FEDERAL SOURCES.—The Secretary may
receive and accept payments from any non-Federal source,
which shall be made available without further appropriation for the payment of the covered costs.
(5) TYPES OF COVERED COSTS.—Subject to paragraphs (2),
(3), and (4), the contract entered into under this section for
an advanced nuclear facility shall include as covered costs
those costs that result from a delay during construction and
in gaining approval for fuel loading and full-power operation,
including—
(A) principal or interest on any debt obligation of an
advanced nuclear facility owned by a non-Federal entity;
and
(B) the incremental difference between—
(i) the fair market price of power purchased to
meet the contractual supply agreements that would
have been met by the advanced nuclear facility but
for the delay; and
(ii) the contractual price of power from the
advanced nuclear facility subject to the delay.
(e) REQUIREMENTS.—Any contract between a sponsor and the
Secretary covering an advanced nuclear facility under this section
shall require the sponsor to use due diligence to shorten, and
to end, the delay covered by the contract.
(f) REPORTS.—For each advanced nuclear facility that is covered
by a contract under this section, the Commission shall submit
to Congress and the Secretary quarterly reports summarizing the
status of licensing actions associated with the advanced nuclear
facility.
(g) REGULATIONS.—
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(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the
Secretary shall issue such regulations as are necessary to carry
out this section.
(2) INTERIM FINAL RULEMAKING.—Not later than 270 days
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall
issue for public comment an interim final rule regulating contracts authorized by this section.
(3) NOTICE OF FINAL RULEMAKING.—Not later than 1 year
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall
issue a notice of final rulemaking regulating the contracts.
(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this
section.
SEC. 639. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST RELATING TO CONTRACTS AND
OTHER ARRANGEMENTS.
Section 170A b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2210a(b)) is amended—
(1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
(2) by striking ‘‘b. The Commission’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘b. EVALUATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2),
the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’’; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(2) NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION.—Notwithstanding
any conflict of interest, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
may enter into a contract, agreement, or arrangement with
the Department of Energy or the operator of a Department
of Energy facility, if the Nuclear Regulatory Commission determines that—
‘‘(A) the conflict of interest cannot be mitigated; and
‘‘(B) adequate justification exists to proceed without
mitigation of the conflict of interest.’’.
Subtitle C—Next Generation Nuclear Plant
Project
SEC. 641. PROJECT ESTABLISHMENT.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish a project
to be known as the ‘‘Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project’’
(referred to in this subtitle as the ‘‘Project’’).
(b) CONTENT.—The Project shall consist of the research,
development, design, construction, and operation of a prototype
plant, including a nuclear reactor that—
(1) is based on research and development activities supported by the Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Initiative
under section 942(d); and
(2) shall be used—
(A) to generate electricity;
(B) to produce hydrogen; or
(C) both to generate electricity and to produce
hydrogen.
H. R. 6—202
SEC. 642. PROJECT MANAGEMENT.
(a) DEPARTMENTAL MANAGEMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Project shall be managed in the
Department by the Office of Nuclear Energy, Science, and
Technology.
(2) GENERATION IV NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS PROGRAM.—
The Secretary may combine the Project with the Generation
IV Nuclear Energy Systems Initiative.
(3) EXISTING DOE PROJECT MANAGEMENT EXPERTISE.—The
Secretary may utilize capabilities for review of construction
projects for advanced scientific facilities within the Office of
Science to track the progress of the Project.
(b) LABORATORY MANAGEMENT.—
(1) LEAD LABORATORY.—The Idaho National Laboratory
shall be the lead National Laboratory for the Project and shall
collaborate with other National Laboratories, institutions of
higher education, other research institutes, industrial
researchers, and international researchers to carry out the
Project.
(2) INDUSTRIAL PARTNERSHIPS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Idaho National Laboratory shall
organize a consortium of appropriate industrial partners
that will carry out cost-shared research, development,
design, and construction activities, and operate research
facilities, on behalf of the Project.
(B) COST-SHARING.—Activities of industrial partners
funded by the Project shall be cost-shared in accordance
with section 988.
(C) PREFERENCE.—Preference in determining the final
structure of the consortium or any partnerships under this
subtitle shall be given to a structure (including designating
as a lead industrial partner an entity incorporated in the
United States) that retains United States technological
leadership in the Project while maximizing cost sharing
opportunities and minimizing Federal funding responsibilities.
(3) PROTOTYPE PLANT SITING.—The prototype nuclear
reactor and associated plant shall be sited at the Idaho National
Laboratory in Idaho.
(4) REACTOR TEST CAPABILITIES.—The Project shall use,
if appropriate, reactor test capabilities at the Idaho National
Laboratory.
(5) OTHER LABORATORY CAPABILITIES.—The Project may
use, if appropriate, facilities at other National Laboratories.
SEC. 643. PROJECT ORGANIZATION.
(a) MAJOR PROJECT ELEMENTS.—The Project shall consist of
the following major program elements:
(1) High-temperature hydrogen production technology
development and validation.
(2) Energy conversion technology development and validation.
(3) Nuclear fuel development, characterization, and qualification.
(4) Materials selection, development, testing, and qualification.
H. R. 6—203
(5) Reactor and balance-of-plant design, engineering, safety
analysis, and qualification.
(b) PROJECT PHASES.—The Project shall be conducted in the
following phases:
(1) FIRST PROJECT PHASE.—A first project phase shall be
conducted to—
(A) select and validate the appropriate technology
under subsection (a)(1);
(B) carry out enabling research, development, and demonstration activities on technologies and components under
paragraphs (2) through (4) of subsection (a);
(C) determine whether it is appropriate to combine
electricity generation and hydrogen production in a single
prototype nuclear reactor and plant; and
(D) carry out initial design activities for a prototype
nuclear reactor and plant, including development of design
methods and safety analytical methods and studies under
subsection (a)(5).
(2) SECOND PROJECT PHASE.—A second project phase shall
be conducted to—
(A) continue appropriate activities under paragraphs
(1) through (5) of subsection (a);
(B) develop, through a competitive process, a final
design for the prototype nuclear reactor and plant;
(C) apply for licenses to construct and operate the
prototype nuclear reactor from the Nuclear Regulatory
Commission; and
(D) construct and start up operations of the prototype
nuclear reactor and its associated hydrogen or electricity
production facilities.
(c) PROJECT REQUIREMENTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall ensure that the
Project is structured so as to maximize the technical interchange and transfer of technologies and ideas into the Project
from other sources of relevant expertise, including—
(A) the nuclear power industry, including nuclear
powerplant construction firms, particularly with respect
to issues associated with plant design, construction, and
operational and safety issues;
(B) the chemical processing industry, particularly with
respect to issues relating to—
(i) the use of process energy for production of
hydrogen; and
(ii) the integration of technologies developed by
the Project into chemical processing environments; and
(C) international efforts in areas related to the Project,
particularly with respect to hydrogen production technologies.
(2) INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall seek international cooperation, participation, and financial contributions for the Project.
(B) ASSISTANCE FROM INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS.—The
Secretary, through the Idaho National Laboratory, may
contract for assistance from specialists or facilities from
member countries of the Generation IV International
H. R. 6—204
Forum, the Russian Federation, or other international partners if the specialists or facilities provide access to costeffective and relevant skills or test capabilities.
(C) PARTNER NATIONS.—The Project may involve demonstration of selected project objectives in a partner
country.
(D) GENERATION IV INTERNATIONAL FORUM.—The Secretary shall ensure that international activities of the
Project are coordinated with the Generation IV International Forum.
(3) REVIEW BY NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Nuclear Energy Research
Advisory Committee of the Department (referred to in this
paragraph as the ‘‘NERAC’’) shall—
(i) review all program plans for the Project and
all progress under the Project on an ongoing basis;
and
(ii) ensure that important scientific, technical,
safety, and program management issues receive attention in the Project and by the Secretary.
(B) ADDITIONAL EXPERTISE.—The NERAC shall supplement the expertise of the NERAC or appoint subpanels
to incorporate into the review by the NERAC the relevant
sources of expertise described under paragraph (1).
(C) INITIAL REVIEW.—Not later than 180 days after
the date of enactment of this Act, the NERAC shall—
(i) review existing program plans for the Project
in light of the recommendations of the document entitled ‘‘Design Features and Technology Uncertainties
for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant,’’ dated June
30, 2004; and
(ii) address any recommendations of the document
not incorporated in program plans for the Project.
(D) FIRST PROJECT PHASE REVIEW.—On a determination
by the Secretary that the appropriate activities under the
first project phase under subsection (b)(1) are nearly complete, the Secretary shall request the NERAC to conduct
a comprehensive review of the Project and to report to
the Secretary the recommendation of the NERAC concerning whether the Project is ready to proceed to the
second project phase under subsection (b)(2).
(E) TRANSMITTAL OF REPORTS TO CONGRESS.—Not later
than 60 days after receiving any report from the NERAC
related to the Project, the Secretary shall submit to the
appropriate committees of the Senate and the House of
Representatives a copy of the report, along with any additional views of the Secretary that the Secretary may consider appropriate.
SEC. 644. NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION.
(a) IN GENERAL.—In accordance with section 202 of the Energy
Reorganization Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5842), the Nuclear Regulatory
Commission shall have licensing and regulatory authority for any
reactor authorized under this subtitle.
(b) LICENSING STRATEGY.—Not later than 3 years after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Chairman
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of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission shall jointly submit to the
appropriate committees of the Senate and the House of Representatives a licensing strategy for the prototype nuclear reactor,
including—
(1) a description of ways in which current licensing requirements relating to light-water reactors need to be adapted for
the types of prototype nuclear reactor being considered by the
Project;
(2) a description of analytical tools that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission will have to develop to independently verify
designs and performance characteristics of components, equipment, systems, or structures associated with the prototype
nuclear reactor;
(3) other research or development activities that may be
required on the part of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
in order to review a license application for the prototype nuclear
reactor; and
(4) an estimate of the budgetary requirements associated
with the licensing strategy.
(c) ONGOING INTERACTION.—The Secretary shall seek the active
participation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission throughout
the duration of the Project to—
(1) avoid design decisions that will compromise adequate
safety margins in the design of the reactor or impair the accessibility of nuclear safety-related components of the prototype
reactor for inspection and maintenance;
(2) develop tools to facilitate inspection and maintenance
needed for safety purposes; and
(3) develop risk-based criteria for any future commercial
development of a similar reactor architectures.
SEC. 645. PROJECT TIMELINES AND AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
(a) TARGET DATE TO COMPLETE THE FIRST PROJECT PHASE.—
Not later than September 30, 2011, the Secretary shall—
(1) select the technology to be used by the Project for
high-temperature hydrogen production and the initial design
parameters for the prototype nuclear plant; or
(2) submit to Congress a report establishing an alternative
date for making the selection.
(b) DESIGN COMPETITION FOR SECOND PROJECT PHASE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, acting through the Idaho
National Laboratory, shall fund not more than 4 teams for
not more than 2 years to develop detailed proposals for competitive evaluation and selection of a single proposal for a final
design of the prototype nuclear reactor.
(2) SYSTEMS INTEGRATION.—The Secretary may structure
Project activities in the second project phase to use the lead
industrial partner of the competitively selected design under
paragraph (1) in a systems integration role for final design
and construction of the Project.
(c) TARGET DATE TO COMPLETE PROJECT CONSTRUCTION.—Not
later than September 30, 2021, the Secretary shall—
(1) complete construction and begin operations of the prototype nuclear reactor and associated energy or hydrogen facilities; or
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(2) submit to Congress a report establishing an alternative
date for completion.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary for research and construction
activities under this subtitle (including for transfer to the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission for activities under section 644 as appropriate)—
(1) $1,250,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2006
through 2015; and
(2) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2016 through 2021.
Subtitle D—Nuclear Security
SEC. 651. NUCLEAR FACILITY AND MATERIALS SECURITY.
(a) SECURITY EVALUATIONS; DESIGN BASIS THREAT RULEMAKING.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 14 of the Atomic Energy Act
of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) (as amended by section 624(a))
is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 170D. SECURITY EVALUATIONS.
‘‘a. SECURITY RESPONSE EVALUATIONS.—Not less often than
once every 3 years, the Commission shall conduct security evaluations at each licensed facility that is part of a class of licensed
facilities, as the Commission considers to be appropriate, to assess
the ability of a private security force of a licensed facility to defend
against any applicable design basis threat.
‘‘b. FORCE-ON-FORCE EXERCISES.—(1) The security evaluations
shall include force-on-force exercises.
‘‘(2) The force-on-force exercises shall, to the maximum extent
practicable, simulate security threats in accordance with any design
basis threat applicable to a facility.
‘‘(3) In conducting a security evaluation, the Commission shall
mitigate any potential conflict of interest that could influence the
results of a force-on-force exercise, as the Commission determines
to be necessary and appropriate.
‘‘c. ACTION BY LICENSEES.—The Commission shall ensure that
an affected licensee corrects those material defects in performance
that adversely affect the ability of a private security force at that
facility to defend against any applicable design basis threat.
‘‘d. FACILITIES UNDER HEIGHTENED THREAT LEVELS.—The
Commission may suspend a security evaluation under this section
if the Commission determines that the evaluation would compromise security at a nuclear facility under a heightened threat
level.
‘‘e. REPORT.—Not less often than once each year, the Commission shall submit to the Committee on Environment and Public
Works of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce
of the House of Representatives a report, in classified form and
unclassified form, that describes the results of each security
response evaluation conducted and any relevant corrective action
taken by a licensee during the previous year.
‘‘SEC. 170E. DESIGN BASIS THREAT RULEMAKING.
‘‘a. RULEMAKING.—The Commission shall—
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‘‘(1) not later than 90 days after the date of enactment
of this section, initiate a rulemaking proceeding, including
notice and opportunity for public comment, to be completed
not later than 18 months after that date, to revise the design
basis threats of the Commission; or
‘‘(2) not later than 18 months after the date of enactment
of this section, complete any ongoing rulemaking to revise
the design basis threats.
‘‘b. FACTORS.—When conducting its rulemaking, the Commission shall consider the following, but not be limited to—
‘‘(1) the events of September 11, 2001;
‘‘(2) an assessment of physical, cyber, biochemical, and
other terrorist threats;
‘‘(3) the potential for attack on facilities by multiple coordinated teams of a large number of individuals;
‘‘(4) the potential for assistance in an attack from several
persons employed at the facility;
‘‘(5) the potential for suicide attacks;
‘‘(6) the potential for water-based and air-based threats;
‘‘(7) the potential use of explosive devices of considerable
size and other modern weaponry;
‘‘(8) the potential for attacks by persons with a sophisticated
knowledge of facility operations;
‘‘(9) the potential for fires, especially fires of long duration;
‘‘(10) the potential for attacks on spent fuel shipments
by multiple coordinated teams of a large number of individuals;
‘‘(11) the adequacy of planning to protect the public health
and safety at and around nuclear facilities, as appropriate,
in the event of a terrorist attack against a nuclear facility;
and
‘‘(12) the potential for theft and diversion of nuclear materials from such facilities.’’.
(2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of sections of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. prec. 2011) (as amended
by section 624(b)) is amended by adding at the end of the
items relating to chapter 14 the following:
‘‘Sec. 170D. Security evaluations.
‘‘Sec. 170E. Design basis threat rulemaking.’’.
(3) FEDERAL SECURITY COORDINATORS.—
(A) REGIONAL OFFICES.—Not later than 18 months after
the date of enactment of this Act, the Nuclear Regulatory
Commission (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Commission’’) shall assign a Federal security coordinator, under
the employment of the Commission, to each region of the
Commission.
(B) RESPONSIBILITIES.—The Federal security coordinator shall be responsible for—
(i) communicating with the Commission and other
Federal, State, and local authorities concerning
threats, including threats against such classes of facilities as the Commission determines to be appropriate;
(ii) monitoring such classes of facilities as the
Commission determines to be appropriate to ensure
that they maintain security consistent with the security plan in accordance with the appropriate threat
level; and
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(iii) assisting in the coordination of security measures among the private security forces at such classes
of facilities as the Commission determines to be appropriate and Federal, State, and local authorities, as
appropriate.
(b) BACKUP POWER FOR CERTAIN EMERGENCY NOTIFICATION
SYSTEMS.—For any licensed nuclear power plants located where
there is a permanent population, as determined by the 2000 decennial census, in excess of 15,000,000 within a 50-mile radius of
the power plant, not later than 18 months after enactment of
this Act, the Commission shall require that backup power to be
available for the emergency notification system of the power plant,
including the emergency siren warning system, if the alternating
current supply within the 10-mile emergency planning zone of the
power plant is lost.
(c) ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS.—
(1) PROVISION OF SUPPORT TO UNIVERSITY NUCLEAR SAFETY,
SECURITY, AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROGRAMS.—Section 31 b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2051(b))
is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘b. The Commission is further authorized to make’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘b. GRANTS AND CONTRIBUTIONS.—The Commission is authorized—
‘‘(1) to make’’;
(B) in paragraph (1) (as designated by subparagraph
(A)) by striking the period at the end and inserting ‘‘;
and’’; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(2) to provide grants, loans, cooperative agreements, contracts, and equipment to institutions of higher education (as
defined in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965
(20 U.S.C. 1002)) to support courses, studies, training, curricula,
and disciplines pertaining to nuclear safety, security, or
environmental protection, or any other field that the Commission determines to be critical to the regulatory mission of the
Commission.’’.
(2) RECRUITMENT TOOLS.—Chapter 14 of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) (as amended by subsection
(a)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 170F. RECRUITMENT TOOLS.
‘‘The Commission may purchase promotional items of nominal
value for use in the recruitment of individuals for employment.’’.
(3) EXPENSES AUTHORIZED TO BE PAID BY THE COMMISSION.—Chapter 14 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2201 et seq.) (as amended by paragraph (2)) is amended by
adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 170G. EXPENSES AUTHORIZED TO BE PAID BY THE COMMISSION.
‘‘The Commission may—
‘‘(1) pay transportation, lodging, and subsistence expenses
of employees who—
‘‘(A) assist scientific, professional, administrative, or
technical employees of the Commission; and
‘‘(B) are students in good standing at an institution
of higher education (as defined in section 102 of the Higher
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002)) pursuing courses
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related to the field in which the students are employed
by the Commission; and
‘‘(2) pay the costs of health and medical services furnished,
pursuant to an agreement between the Commission and the
Department of State, to employees of the Commission and
dependents of the employees serving in foreign countries.’’.
(4) PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER
EDUCATION.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 19 of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2015 et seq.) (as amended by section
622(a)) is amended by inserting after section 243 the following:
‘‘SEC. 244. PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER
EDUCATION.
‘‘a. DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTION.—The term ‘Hispanicserving institution’ has the meaning given the term in section
502(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1101a(a)).
‘‘(2) HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY.—The
term ‘historically Black college or university’ has the meaning
given the term ‘part B institution’ in section 322 of the Higher
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061).
‘‘(3) TRIBAL COLLEGE.—The term ‘Tribal college’ has the
meaning given the term ‘tribally controlled college or university’
in section 2(a) of the Tribally Controlled College or University
Assistance Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1801(a)).
‘‘b. PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.—The Commission may establish
and participate in activities relating to research, mentoring, instruction, and training with institutions of higher education, including
Hispanic-serving institutions, historically Black colleges or universities, and Tribal colleges, to strengthen the capacity of the institutions—
‘‘(1) to educate and train students (including present or
potential employees of the Commission); and
‘‘(2) to conduct research in the field of science, engineering,
or law, or any other field that the Commission determines
is important to the work of the Commission.’’.
(5) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—The table of sections of
the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. prec. 2011) (as
amended by subsection (a)(2)) is amended—
(A) by adding at the end of the items relating to
chapter 14 the following:
‘‘Sec. 170F. Recruitment tools.
‘‘Sec. 170G. Expenses authorized to be paid by the Commission.’’;
and
(B) by inserting after the item relating to section 243
the following:
‘‘Sec. 244. Partnership program with institutions of higher education.’’.
(d) RADIATION SOURCE PROTECTION.—
(1) AMENDMENT.—Chapter 14 of the Atomic Energy Act
of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) (as amended by subsection
(c)(3)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 170H. RADIATION SOURCE PROTECTION.
‘‘a. DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
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‘‘(1) CODE OF CONDUCT.—The term ‘Code of Conduct’ means
the code entitled the ‘Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources’, approved by the Board of Governors
of the International Atomic Energy Agency and dated September 8, 2003.
‘‘(2) RADIATION SOURCE.—The term ‘radiation source’
means—
‘‘(A) a Category 1 Source or a Category 2 Source,
as defined in the Code of Conduct; and
‘‘(B) any other material that poses a threat such that
the material is subject to this section, as determined by
the Commission, by regulation, other than spent nuclear
fuel and special nuclear materials.
‘‘b. COMMISSION APPROVAL.—Not later than 180 days after the
date of enactment of this section, the Commission shall issue regulations prohibiting a person from—
‘‘(1) exporting a radiation source, unless the Commission
has specifically determined under section 57 or 82, consistent
with the Code of Conduct, with respect to the exportation,
that—
‘‘(A) the recipient of the radiation source may receive
and possess the radiation source under the laws and regulations of the country of the recipient;
‘‘(B) the recipient country has the appropriate technical
and administrative capability, resources, and regulatory
structure to ensure that the radiation source will be managed in a safe and secure manner; and
‘‘(C) before the date on which the radiation source
is shipped—
‘‘(i) a notification has been provided to the recipient
country; and
‘‘(ii) a notification has been received from the
recipient country;
as the Commission determines to be appropriate;
‘‘(2) importing a radiation source, unless the Commission
has determined, with respect to the importation, that—
‘‘(A) the proposed recipient is authorized by law to
receive the radiation source; and
‘‘(B) the shipment will be made in accordance with
any applicable Federal or State law or regulation; and
‘‘(3) selling or otherwise transferring ownership of a radiation source, unless the Commission—
‘‘(A) has determined that the licensee has verified that
the proposed recipient is authorized under law to receive
the radiation source; and
‘‘(B) has required that the transfer shall be made in
accordance with any applicable Federal or State law or
regulation.
‘‘c. TRACKING SYSTEM.—(1)(A) Not later than 1 year after the
date of enactment of this section, the Commission shall issue regulations establishing a mandatory tracking system for radiation sources
in the United States.
‘‘(B) In establishing the tracking system under subparagraph
(A), the Commission shall coordinate with the Secretary of
Transportation to ensure compatibility, to the maximum extent
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practicable, between the tracking system and any system established by the Secretary of Transportation to track the shipment
of radiation sources.
‘‘(2) The tracking system under paragraph (1) shall—
‘‘(A) enable the identification of each radiation source by
serial number or other unique identifier;
‘‘(B) require reporting within 7 days of any change of
possession of a radiation source;
‘‘(C) require reporting within 24 hours of any loss of control
of, or accountability for, a radiation source; and
‘‘(D) provide for reporting under subparagraphs (B) and
(C) through a secure Internet connection.
‘‘d. PENALTY.—A violation of a regulation issued under subsection a. or b. shall be punishable by a civil penalty not to exceed
$1,000,000.
‘‘e. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES STUDY.—(1) Not later
than 60 days after the date of enactment of this section, the
Commission shall enter into an arrangement with the National
Academy of Sciences under which the National Academy of Sciences
shall conduct a study of industrial, research, and commercial uses
for radiation sources.
‘‘(2) The study under paragraph (1) shall include a review
of uses of radiation sources in existence on the date on which
the study is conducted, including an identification of any industrial
or other process that—
‘‘(A) uses a radiation source that could be replaced with
an economically and technically equivalent (or improved)
process that does not require the use of a radiation source;
or
‘‘(B) may be used with a radiation source that would pose
a lower risk to public health and safety in the event of an
accident or attack involving the radiation source.
‘‘(3) Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of
this section, the Commission shall submit to Congress the results
of the study under paragraph (1).
‘‘f. TASK FORCE ON RADIATION SOURCE PROTECTION AND SECURITY.—(1) There is established a task force on radiation source
protection and security (referred to in this section as the ‘task
force’).
‘‘(2)(A) The chairperson of the task force shall be the Chairperson of the Commission (or a designee).
‘‘(B) The membership of the task force shall consist of the
following:
‘‘(i) The Secretary of Homeland Security (or a designee).
‘‘(ii) The Secretary of Defense (or a designee).
‘‘(iii) The Secretary of Energy (or a designee).
‘‘(iv) The Secretary of Transportation (or a designee).
‘‘(v) The Attorney General (or a designee).
‘‘(vi) The Secretary of State (or a designee).
‘‘(vii) The Director of National Intelligence (or a designee).
‘‘(viii) The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (or
a designee).
‘‘(ix) The Director of the Federal Emergency Management
Agency (or a designee).
‘‘(x) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
(or a designee).
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‘‘(xi) The Administrator of the Environmental Protection
Agency (or a designee).
‘‘(3)(A) The task force, in consultation with Federal, State,
and local agencies, the Conference of Radiation Control Program
Directors, and the Organization of Agreement States, and after
public notice and an opportunity for comment, shall evaluate, and
provide recommendations relating to, the security of radiation
sources in the United States from potential terrorist threats,
including acts of sabotage, theft, or use of a radiation source in
a radiological dispersal device.
‘‘(B) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of
this section, and not less than once every 4 years thereafter, the
task force shall submit to Congress and the President a report,
in unclassified form with a classified annex if necessary, providing
recommendations, including recommendations for appropriate regulatory and legislative changes, for—
‘‘(i) a list of additional radiation sources that should be
required to be secured under this Act, based on the potential
attractiveness of the sources to terrorists and the extent of
the threat to public health and safety of the sources, taking
into consideration—
‘‘(I) radiation source radioactivity levels;
‘‘(II) radioactive half-life of a radiation source;
‘‘(III) dispersability;
‘‘(IV) chemical and material form;
‘‘(V) for radioactive materials with a medical use, the
availability of the sources to physicians and patients for
medical treatment; and
‘‘(VI) any other factor that the Chairperson of the
Commission determines to be appropriate;
‘‘(ii) the establishment of, or modifications to, a national
system for recovery of lost or stolen radiation sources;
‘‘(iii) the storage of radiation sources that are not used
in a safe and secure manner as of the date on which the
report is submitted;
‘‘(iv) modifications to the national tracking system for radiation sources;
‘‘(v) the establishment of, or modifications to, a national
system (including user fees and other methods) to provide for
the proper disposal of radiation sources secured under this
Act;
‘‘(vi) modifications to export controls on radiation sources
to ensure that foreign recipients of radiation sources are able
and willing to adequately control radiation sources from the
United States;
‘‘(vii)(I) any alternative technologies available as of the
date on which the report is submitted that may perform some
or all of the functions performed by devices or processes that
employ radiation sources; and
‘‘(II) the establishment of appropriate regulations and
incentives for the replacement of the devices and processes
described in subclause (I)—
‘‘(aa) with alternative technologies in order to reduce
the number of radiation sources in the United States; or
‘‘(bb) with radiation sources that would pose a lower
risk to public health and safety in the event of an accident
or attack involving the radiation source; and
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‘‘(viii) the creation of, or modifications to, procedures for
improving the security of use, transportation, and storage of
radiation sources, including—
‘‘(I) periodic audits or inspections by the Commission
to ensure that radiation sources are properly secured and
can be fully accounted for;
‘‘(II) evaluation of the security measures by the
Commission;
‘‘(III) increased fines for violations of Commission regulations relating to security and safety measures applicable
to licensees that possess radiation sources;
‘‘(IV) criminal and security background checks for certain individuals with access to radiation sources (including
individuals involved with transporting radiation sources);
‘‘(V) requirements for effective and timely exchanges
of information relating to the results of criminal and security background checks between the Commission and any
State with which the Commission has entered into an
agreement under section 274 b.;
‘‘(VI) assurances of the physical security of facilities
that contain radiation sources (including facilities used to
temporarily store radiation sources being transported); and
‘‘(VII) the screening of shipments to facilities that the
Commission determines to be particularly at risk for sabotage of radiation sources to ensure that the shipments
do not contain explosives.
‘‘g. ACTION BY COMMISSION.—Not later than 60 days after the
date of receipt by Congress and the President of a report under
subsection f.(3)(B), the Commission, in accordance with the recommendations of the task force, shall—
‘‘(1) take any action the Commission determines to be
appropriate, including revising the system of the Commission
for licensing radiation sources; and
‘‘(2) ensure that States that have entered into agreements
with the Commission under section 274 b. take similar action
in a timely manner.’’.
(2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of sections of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. prec. 2011) (as amended
by subsection (c)(5)(A)) is amended by adding at the end of
the items relating to chapter 14 the following:
‘‘Sec. 170H. Radiation source protection.’’.
(e) TREATMENT OF ACCELERATOR-PRODUCED AND OTHER RADIOMATERIAL AS BYPRODUCT MATERIAL.—
(1) DEFINITION OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL.—Section 11 e.
of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014(e)) is
amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘means (1) any radioactive’’ and
inserting the following: ‘‘means—
‘‘(1) any radioactive’’.
(B) by striking ‘‘material, and (2) the tailings’’ and
inserting the following: ‘‘material;
‘‘(2) the tailings’’.
(C) by striking ‘‘content.’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘content;
‘‘(3)(A) any discrete source of radium-226 that is produced,
extracted, or converted after extraction, before, on, or after
ACTIVE
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the date of enactment of this paragraph for use for a commercial, medical, or research activity; or
‘‘(B) any material that—
‘‘(i) has been made radioactive by use of a particle
accelerator; and
‘‘(ii) is produced, extracted, or converted after extraction, before, on, or after the date of enactment of this
paragraph for use for a commercial, medical, or research
activity; and
‘‘(4) any discrete source of naturally occurring radioactive
material, other than source material, that—
‘‘(A) the Commission, in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and
the head of any other appropriate Federal agency, determines would pose a threat similar to the threat posed
by a discrete source of radium-226 to the public health
and safety or the common defense and security; and
‘‘(B) before, on, or after the date of enactment of this
paragraph is extracted or converted after extraction for
use in a commercial, medical, or research activity.’’.
(2) AGREEMENTS WITH GOVERNORS.—Section 274 b. of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2021(b)) is amended
by striking ‘‘State—’’ and all that follows through paragraph
(4) and inserting the following: ‘‘State:
‘‘(1) Byproduct materials (as defined in section 11 e.).
‘‘(2) Source materials.
‘‘(3) Special nuclear materials in quantities not sufficient
to form a critical mass.’’.
(3) WASTE DISPOSAL.—
(A) DOMESTIC DISTRIBUTION.—Section 81 of the Atomic
Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2111) is amended—
(i) by striking ‘‘No person may’’ and inserting the
following:
‘‘a. IN GENERAL.—No person may’’.
(ii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘b. REQUIREMENTS.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2),
byproduct material, as defined in paragraphs (3) and (4) of
section 11 e., may only be transferred to and disposed of in
a disposal facility that—
‘‘(A) is adequate to protect public health and safety;
and
‘‘(B)(i) is licensed by the Commission; or
‘‘(ii) is licensed by a State that has entered into an
agreement with the Commission under section 274 b., if
the licensing requirements of the State are compatible with
the licensing requirements of the Commission.
‘‘(2) EFFECT OF SUBSECTION.—Nothing in this subsection
affects the authority of any entity to dispose of byproduct
material, as defined in paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 11
e., at a disposal facility in accordance with any Federal or
State solid or hazardous waste law, including the Solid Waste
Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.).
‘‘c. TREATMENT AS LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE.—Byproduct
material, as defined in paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 11 e.,
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disposed of under this section shall not be considered to be lowlevel radioactive waste for the purposes of—
‘‘(1) section 2 of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy
Act (42 U.S.C. 2021b); or
‘‘(2) carrying out a compact that is—
‘‘(A) entered into in accordance with that Act (42 U.S.C.
2021b et seq.); and
‘‘(B) approved by Congress.’’.
(B) DEFINITION OF LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE.—
Section 2(9) of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy
Act (42 U.S.C. 2021b(9)) is amended—
(i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B)
as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting the
clauses appropriately;
(ii) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as redesignated by subparagraph (A)) by striking ‘‘The term’’
and inserting the following:
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The term’’; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(B) EXCLUSION.—The term ‘low-level radioactive
waste’ does not include byproduct material (as defined in
paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 11 e. of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014(e)).’’.
(4) FINAL REGULATIONS.—
(A) REGULATIONS.—
(i) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 18 months after
the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission,
after consultation with States and other stakeholders,
shall issue final regulations establishing such requirements as the Commission determines to be necessary
to carry out this section and the amendments made
by this section.
(ii) INCLUSIONS.—The regulations shall include a
definition of the term ‘‘discrete source’’ for purposes
of paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 11 e. of the Atomic
Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014(e)) (as amended
by paragraph (1)).
(B) COOPERATION.—In promulgating regulations under
paragraph (1), the Commission shall, to the maximum
extent practicable—
(i) cooperate with States; and
(ii) use model State standards in existence on the
date of enactment of this Act.
(C) TRANSITION PLAN.—
(i) DEFINITION OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL.—In this
paragraph, the term ‘‘byproduct material’’ has the
meaning given the term in paragraphs (3) and (4)
of section 11 e. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954
(42 U.S.C. 2014(e)) (as amended by paragraph (1)).
(ii) PREPARATION AND PUBLICATION.—To facilitate
an orderly transition of regulatory authority with
respect to byproduct material, the Commission, in
issuing regulations under subparagraph (A), shall prepare and publish a transition plan for—
(I) States that have not, before the date on
which the plan is published, entered into an agreement with the Commission under section 274 b.
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of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C.
2021(b)); and
(II) States that have entered into an agreement with the Commission under that section
before the date on which the plan is published.
(iii) INCLUSIONS.—The transition plan under clause
(ii) shall include—
(I) a description of the conditions under which
a State may exercise authority over byproduct
material; and
(II) a statement of the Commission that any
agreement covering byproduct material, as defined
in paragraph (1) or (2) of section 11e. of the Atomic
Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014(e)), entered
into between the Commission and a State under
section 274 b. of that Act (42 U.S.C. 2021(b)) before
the date of publication of the transition plan shall
be considered to include byproduct material, as
defined in paragraph (3) or (4) of section 11e. of
that Act (42 U.S.C. 2014(e)) (as amended by paragraph (1)), if the Governor of the State certifies
to the Commission on the date of publication of
the transition plan that—
(aa) the State has a program for licensing
byproduct material, as defined in paragraph
(3) or (4) of section 11e. of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954, that is adequate to protect the
public health and safety, as determined by
the Commission; and
(bb) the State intends to continue to
implement the regulatory responsibility of the
State with respect to the byproduct material.
(D) AVAILABILITY OF RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS.—In
promulgating regulations under subparagraph (A), the
Commission shall consider the impact on the availability
of radiopharmaceuticals to—
(i) physicians; and
(ii) patients the medical treatment of which relies
on radiopharmaceuticals.
(5) WAIVERS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph
(B), the Commission may grant a waiver to any entity
of any requirement under this section or an amendment
made by this section with respect to a matter relating
to byproduct material (as defined in paragraphs (3) and
(4) of section 11 e. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954
(42 U.S.C. 2014(e)) (as amended by paragraph (1))) if the
Commission determines that the waiver is in accordance
with the protection of the public health and safety and
the promotion of the common defense and security.
(B) EXCEPTIONS.—
(i) IN GENERAL.—The Commission may not grant
a waiver under subparagraph (A) with respect to—
(I) any requirement under the amendments
made by subsection (c)(1);
(II) a matter relating to an importation into,
or exportation from, the United States for a period
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ending after the date that is 1 year after the
date of enactment of this Act; or
(III) any other matter for a period ending after
the date that is 4 years after the date of enactment
of this Act.
(ii) WAIVERS TO STATES.—The Commission shall
terminate any waiver granted to a State under
subparagraph (A) if the Commission determines that—
(I) the State has entered into an agreement
with the Commission under section 274 b. of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2021(b));
(II) the agreement described in subclause (I)
covers byproduct material (as described in paragraph (3) or (4) of section 11 e. of the Atomic
Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014(e)) (as
amended by paragraph (1))); and
(III) the program of the State for licensing
such byproduct material is adequate to protect
the public health and safety.
(C) PUBLICATION.—The Commission shall publish in
the Federal Register a notice of any waiver granted under
this subsection.
SEC. 652. FINGERPRINTING AND CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD CHECKS.
Section 149 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2169)
is amended—
(1) in subsection a.—
(A) by striking ‘‘a. The Nuclear’’ and all that follows
through ‘‘section 147.’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘a.(1)(A)(i) The Commission shall require each individual or
entity described in clause (ii) to fingerprint each individual
described in subparagraph (B) before the individual described in
subparagraph (B) is permitted access under subparagraph (B).
‘‘(ii) The individuals and entities referred to in clause (i) are
individuals and entities that, on or before the date on which an
individual is permitted access under subparagraph (B)—
‘‘(I) are licensed or certified to engage in an activity subject
to regulation by the Commission;
‘‘(II) have filed an application for a license or certificate
to engage in an activity subject to regulation by the Commission; or
‘‘(III) have notified the Commission in writing of an intent
to file an application for licensing, certification, permitting,
or approval of a product or activity subject to regulation by
the Commission.
‘‘(B) The Commission shall require to be fingerprinted any
individual who—
‘‘(i) is permitted unescorted access to—
‘‘(I) a utilization facility; or
‘‘(II) radioactive material or other property subject to
regulation by the Commission that the Commission determines to be of such significance to the public health and
safety or the common defense and security as to warrant
fingerprinting and background checks; or
‘‘(ii) is permitted access to safeguards information under
section 147.’’;
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(B) by striking ‘‘All fingerprints obtained by a licensee
or applicant as required in the preceding sentence’’ and
inserting the following:
‘‘(2) All fingerprints obtained by an individual or entity as
required in paragraph (1)’’;
(C) by striking ‘‘The costs of any identification and
records check conducted pursuant to the preceding sentence
shall be paid by the licensee or applicant.’’ and inserting
the following:
‘‘(3) The costs of an identification or records check under paragraph (2) shall be paid by the individual or entity required to
conduct the fingerprinting under paragraph (1)(A).’’; and
(D) by striking ‘‘Notwithstanding any other provision
of law, the Attorney General may provide all the results
of the search to the Commission, and, in accordance with
regulations prescribed under this section, the Commission
may provide such results to licensee or applicant submitting such fingerprints.’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of law—
‘‘(A) the Attorney General may provide any result of an
identification or records check under paragraph (2) to the
Commission; and
‘‘(B) the Commission, in accordance with regulations prescribed under this section, may provide the results to the individual or entity required to conduct the fingerprinting under
paragraph (1)(A).’’;
(2) in subsection c.—
(A) by striking ‘‘, subject to public notice and comment,
regulations—’’ and inserting ‘‘requirements—’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ‘‘unescorted access
to the facility of a licensee or applicant’’ and inserting
‘‘unescorted access to a utilization facility, radioactive material, or other property described in subsection a.(1)(B)’’;
(3) by redesignating subsection d. as subsection e.; and
(4) by inserting after subsection c. the following:
‘‘d. The Commission may require a person or individual to
conduct fingerprinting under subsection a.(1) by authorizing or
requiring the use of any alternative biometric method for identification that has been approved by—
‘‘(1) the Attorney General; and
‘‘(2) the Commission, by regulation.’’.
SEC. 653. USE OF FIREARMS BY SECURITY PERSONNEL.
The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 is amended by inserting after
section 161 (42 U.S.C. 2201) the following:
‘‘SEC. 161A. USE OF FIREARMS BY SECURITY PERSONNEL.
‘‘a. DEFINITIONS.—In this section, the terms ‘handgun’, ‘rifle’,
‘shotgun’, ‘firearm’, ‘ammunition’, ‘machinegun’, ‘short-barreled
shotgun’, and ‘short-barreled rifle’ have the meanings given the
terms in section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code.
‘‘b. AUTHORIZATION.—Notwithstanding subsections (a)(4), (a)(5),
(b)(2), (b)(4), and (o) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code,
section 925(d)(3) of title 18, United States Code, section 5844 of
the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and any law (including regulations) of a State or a political subdivision of a State that prohibits
the transfer, receipt, possession, transportation, importation, or use
of a handgun, a rifle, a shotgun, a short-barreled shotgun, a short-
H. R. 6—219
barreled rifle, a machinegun, a semiautomatic assault weapon,
ammunition for any such gun or weapon, or a large capacity
ammunition feeding device, in carrying out the duties of the
Commission, the Commission may authorize the security personnel
of any licensee or certificate holder of the Commission (including
an employee of a contractor of such a licensee or certificate holder)
to transfer, receive, possess, transport, import, and use 1 or more
such guns, weapons, ammunition, or devices, if the Commission
determines that—
‘‘(1) the authorization is necessary to the discharge of the
official duties of the security personnel; and
‘‘(2) the security personnel—
‘‘(A) are not otherwise prohibited from possessing or
receiving a firearm under Federal or State laws relating
to possession of firearms by a certain category of persons;
‘‘(B) have successfully completed any requirement
under this section for training in the use of firearms and
tactical maneuvers;
‘‘(C) are engaged in the protection of—
‘‘(i) a facility owned or operated by a licensee or
certificate holder of the Commission that is designated
by the Commission; or
‘‘(ii) radioactive material or other property owned
or possessed by a licensee or certificate holder of the
Commission, or that is being transported to or from
a facility owned or operated by such a licensee or
certificate holder, and that has been determined by
the Commission to be of significance to the common
defense and security or public health and safety; and
‘‘(D) are discharging the official duties of the security
personnel in transferring, receiving, possessing, transporting, or importing the weapons, ammunition, or devices.
‘‘c. BACKGROUND CHECKS.—A person that receives, possesses,
transports, imports, or uses a weapon, ammunition, or a device
under subsection (b) shall be subject to a background check by
the Attorney General, based on fingerprints and including a background check under section 103(b) of the Brady Handgun Violence
Prevention Act (Public Law 103–159; 18 U.S.C. 922 note) to determine whether the person is prohibited from possessing or receiving
a firearm under Federal or State law.
‘‘d. EFFECTIVE DATE.—This section takes effect on the date
on which guidelines are issued by the Commission, with the
approval of the Attorney General, to carry out this section.’’.
SEC. 654. UNAUTHORIZED INTRODUCTION OF DANGEROUS WEAPONS.
Section 229 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2278a)
is amended—
(1) by striking ‘‘SEC. 229, TRESPASS UPON COMMISSION
INSTALLATIONS.—’’ and inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 229. TRESPASS ON COMMISSION INSTALLATIONS.’’;
(2) by adjusting the indentations of subsections a., b., and
c. so as to reflect proper subsection indentations; and
(3) in subsection a.—
(A) in the first sentence, by striking ‘‘a. The’’ and
inserting the following:
‘‘a.(1) The’’;
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(B) in the second sentence, by striking ‘‘Every’’ and
inserting the following:
‘‘(2) Every’’; and
(C) in paragraph (1) (as designated by subparagraph
(A))—
(i) by striking ‘‘or in the custody’’ and inserting
‘‘in the custody’’; and
(ii) by inserting ‘‘, or subject to the licensing
authority of the Commission or certification by the
Commission under this Act or any other Act’’ before
the period.
SEC. 655. SABOTAGE OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES, FUEL, OR DESIGNATED
MATERIAL.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 236a. of the Atomic Energy Act of
1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284(a)) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘storage facility’’ and
inserting ‘‘treatment, storage, or disposal facility’’;
(2) in paragraph (3)—
(A) by striking ‘‘such a utilization facility’’ and inserting
‘‘a utilization facility licensed under this Act’’; and
(B) by striking ‘‘or’’ at the end;
(3) in paragraph (4)—
(A) by striking ‘‘facility licensed’’ and inserting ‘‘, uranium conversion, or nuclear fuel fabrication facility licensed
or certified’’; and
(B) by striking the comma at the end and inserting
a semicolon; and
(4) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
‘‘(5) any production, utilization, waste storage, waste treatment, waste disposal, uranium enrichment, uranium conversion, or nuclear fuel fabrication facility subject to licensing
or certification under this Act during construction of the facility,
if the destruction or damage caused or attempted to be caused
could adversely affect public health and safety during the operation of the facility;
‘‘(6) any primary facility or backup facility from which
a radiological emergency preparedness alert and warning
system is activated; or
‘‘(7) any radioactive material or other property subject to
regulation by the Commission that, before the date of the
offense, the Commission determines, by order or regulation
published in the Federal Register, is of significance to the
public health and safety or to common defense and security;’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 236 of the Atomic
Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2284) is amended by striking ‘‘intentionally and willfully’’ each place it appears and inserting ‘‘knowingly’’.
SEC. 656. SECURE TRANSFER OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS.
(a) AMENDMENT.—Chapter 14 of the Atomic Energy Act of
1954 (42 U.S.C. 2201–2210b) (as amended by section 651(d)(1))
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
‘‘SEC. 170I. SECURE TRANSFER OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS.
‘‘a. The Commission shall establish a system to ensure that
materials described in subsection b., when transferred or received
in the United States by any party pursuant to an import or export
H. R. 6—221
license issued pursuant to this Act, are accompanied by a manifest
describing the type and amount of materials being transferred
or received. Each individual receiving or accompanying the transfer
of such materials shall be subject to a security background check
conducted by appropriate Federal entities.
‘‘b. Except as otherwise provided by the Commission by regulation, the materials referred to in subsection a. are byproduct materials, source materials, special nuclear materials, high-level radioactive waste, spent nuclear fuel, transuranic waste, and low-level
radioactive waste (as defined in section 2(16) of the Nuclear Waste
Policy Act of 1982 (42 U.S.C. 10101(16))).’’.
(b) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 1 year after the date of
the enactment of this Act, and from time to time thereafter as
it considers necessary, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission shall
issue regulations identifying radioactive materials or classes of
individuals that, consistent with the protection of public health
and safety and the common defense and security, are appropriate
exceptions to the requirements of section 170D of the Atomic Energy
Act of 1954, as added by subsection (a) of this section.
(c) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendment made by subsection (a)
shall take effect upon the issuance of regulations under subsection
(b), except that the background check requirement shall become
effective on a date established by the Commission.
(d) EFFECT ON OTHER LAW.—Nothing in this section or the
amendment made by this section shall waive, modify, or affect
the application of chapter 51 of title 49, United States Code, part
A of subtitle V of title 49, United States Code, part B of subtitle
VI of title 49, United States Code, and title 23, United States
Code.
(e) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—The table of sections of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. prec. 2011) (as amended
by subsection (a)) is amended by adding at the end of the items
relating to chapter 14 the following:
‘‘Sec. 170I. Secure transfer of nuclear materials.’’.
SEC. 657. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CONSULTATION.
Before issuing a license for a utilization facility, the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission shall consult with the Department of Homeland Security concerning the potential vulnerabilities of the location
of the proposed facility to terrorist attack.
TITLE VII—VEHICLES AND FUELS
Subtitle A—Existing Programs
SEC. 701. USE OF ALTERNATIVE FUELS BY DUAL FUELED VEHICLES.
Section 400AA(a)(3)(E) of the Energy Policy and Conservation
Act (42 U.S.C. 6374(a)(3)(E)) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘(E)(i) Dual fueled vehicles acquired pursuant to this section
shall be operated on alternative fuels unless the Secretary determines that an agency qualifies for a waiver of such requirement
for vehicles operated by the agency in a particular geographic
area in which—
‘‘(I) the alternative fuel otherwise required to be used in
the vehicle is not reasonably available to retail purchasers
H. R. 6—222
of the fuel, as certified to the Secretary by the head of the
agency; or
‘‘(II) the cost of the alternative fuel otherwise required
to be used in the vehicle is unreasonably more expensive compared to gasoline, as certified to the Secretary by the head
of the agency.
‘‘(ii) The Secretary shall monitor compliance with this subparagraph by all such fleets and shall report annually to Congress
on the extent to which the requirements of this subparagraph
are being achieved. The report shall include information on annual
reductions achieved from the use of petroleum-based fuels and
the problems, if any, encountered in acquiring alternative fuels.’’.
SEC. 702. INCREMENTAL COST ALLOCATION.
Section 303(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C.
13212(c)) is amended by striking ‘‘may’’ and inserting ‘‘shall’’.
SEC. 703. ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE AND FLEXIBILITY.
(a) ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE.—Title V of the Energy Policy
Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13251 et seq.) is amended—
(1) by redesignating section 514 (42 U.S.C. 13264) as section 515; and
(2) by inserting after section 513 (42 U.S.C. 13263) the
following:
‘‘SEC. 514. ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE.
‘‘(a) APPLICATION FOR WAIVER.—Any covered person subject
to section 501 and any State subject to section 507(o) may petition
the Secretary for a waiver of the applicable requirements of section
501 or 507(o).
‘‘(b) GRANT OF WAIVER.—The Secretary shall grant a waiver
of the requirements of section 501 or 507(o) on a showing that
the fleet owned, operated, leased, or otherwise controlled by the
State or covered person—
‘‘(1) will achieve a reduction in the annual consumption
of petroleum fuels by the fleet equal to—
‘‘(A) the reduction in consumption of petroleum that
would result from 100 percent cumulative compliance with
the fuel use requirements of section 501; or
‘‘(B) in the case of an entity covered under section
507(o), a reduction equal to the annual consumption by
the State entity of alternative fuels if all of the cumulative
alternative fuel vehicles of the State entity given credit
under section 508 were to use alternative fuel 100 percent
of the time; and
‘‘(2) is in compliance with all applicable vehicle emission
standards established by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C.
7401 et seq.).
‘‘(c) REPORTING REQUIREMENT.—Not later than December 31
of a model year, any State or covered person granted a waiver
under this section for the preceding model year shall submit to
the Secretary an annual report that—
‘‘(1) certifies the quantity of the petroleum motor fuel reduction of the State or covered person during the preceding model
year; and
H. R. 6—223
‘‘(2) projects the baseline quantity of the petroleum motor
fuel reduction of the State or covered person during the following model year.
‘‘(d) REVOCATION OF WAIVER.—If a State or covered person
that receives a waiver under this section fails to comply with
this section, the Secretary—
‘‘(1) shall revoke the waiver; and
‘‘(2) may impose on the State or covered person a penalty
under section 512.’’.
(b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 511 of the Energy
Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13261) is amended by striking ‘‘or
507’’ and inserting ‘‘507, or 514’’.
(c) TABLE OF CONTENTS AMENDMENT.—The table of contents
of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. prec. 13201) is amended
by striking the item relating to section 514 and inserting the
following:
‘‘Sec. 514. Alternative compliance.
‘‘Sec. 515. Authorization of appropriations.’’.
SEC. 704. REVIEW OF ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 1992 PROGRAMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall complete a study
to determine the effect that titles III, IV, and V of the Energy
Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13211 et seq.) have had on—
(1) the development of alternative fueled vehicle technology;
(2) the availability of that technology in the market; and
(3) the cost of alternative fueled vehicles.
(b) TOPICS.—As part of the study under subsection (a), the
Secretary shall specifically identify—
(1) the number of alternative fueled vehicles acquired by
fleets or covered persons required to acquire alternative fueled
vehicles;
(2) the quantity, by type, of alternative fuel actually used
in alternative fueled vehicles acquired by fleets or covered
persons;
(3) the quantity of petroleum displaced by the use of alternative fuels in alternative fueled vehicles acquired by fleets
or covered persons;
(4) the direct and indirect costs of compliance with requirements under titles III, IV, and V of the Energy Policy Act
of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13211 et seq.), including—
(A) vehicle acquisition requirements imposed on fleets
or covered persons;
(B) administrative and recordkeeping expenses;
(C) fuel and fuel infrastructure costs;
(D) associated training and employee expenses; and
(E) any other factors or expenses the Secretary determines to be necessary to compile reliable estimates of the
overall costs and benefits of complying with programs
under those titles for fleets, covered persons, and the
national economy;
(5) the existence of obstacles preventing compliance with
vehicle acquisition requirements and increased use of alternative fuel in alternative fueled vehicles acquired by fleets
or covered persons; and
(6) the projected impact of amendments to the Energy
Policy Act of 1992 made by this title.
H. R. 6—224
(c) REPORT.—Upon completion of the study under this section,
the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that describes
the results of the study and includes any recommendations of
the Secretary for legislative or administrative changes concerning
the alternative fueled vehicle requirements under titles III, IV,
and V of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13211 et seq.).
SEC. 705. REPORT CONCERNING COMPLIANCE WITH ALTERNATIVE
FUELED VEHICLE PURCHASING REQUIREMENTS.
Section 310(b)(1) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C.
13218(b)(1)) is amended by striking ‘‘1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection’’ and inserting ‘‘February 15, 2006’’.
SEC. 706. JOINT FLEXIBLE FUEL/HYBRID VEHICLE COMMERCIALIZATION INITIATIVE.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘‘eligible entity’’ means—
(A) a for-profit corporation;
(B) a nonprofit corporation; or
(C) an institution of higher education.
(2) PROGRAM.—The term ‘‘program’’ means a program
established under subsection (b).
(b) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish a program
to improve technologies for the commercialization of—
(1) a combination hybrid/flexible fuel vehicle; or
(2) a plug-in hybrid/flexible fuel vehicle.
(c) GRANTS.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary shall
provide grants that give preference to proposals that—
(1) achieve the greatest reduction in miles per gallon of
petroleum fuel consumption;
(2) achieve not less than 250 miles per gallon of petroleum
fuel consumption; and
(3) have the greatest potential of commercialization to the
general public within 5 years.
(d) VERIFICATION.—Not later than 90 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal
Register procedures to verify—
(1) the hybrid/flexible fuel vehicle technologies to be demonstrated; and
(2) that grants are administered in accordance with this
section.
(e) REPORT.—Not later than 260 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit
to Congress a report that—
(1) identifies the grant recipients;
(2) describes the technologies to be funded under the program;
(3) assesses the feasibility of the technologies described
in paragraph (2) in meeting the goals described in subsection
(c);
(4) identifies applications submitted for the program that
were not funded; and
(5) makes recommendations for Federal legislation to
achieve commercialization of the technology demonstrated.
(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section, to remain available
until expended—
(1) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
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(2) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(3) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(4) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
SEC. 707. EMERGENCY EXEMPTION.
Section 301 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13211)
is amended in paragraph (9)(E) by inserting before the semicolon
at the end ‘‘, including vehicles directly used in the emergency
repair of transmission lines and in the restoration of electricity
service following power outages, as determined by the Secretary’’.
Subtitle B—Hybrid Vehicles, Advanced
Vehicles, and Fuel Cell Buses
PART 1—HYBRID VEHICLES
SEC. 711. HYBRID VEHICLES.
The Secretary shall accelerate efforts directed toward the
improvement of batteries and other rechargeable energy storage
systems, power electronics, hybrid systems integration, and other
technologies for use in hybrid vehicles.
SEC. 712. EFFICIENT HYBRID AND ADVANCED DIESEL VEHICLES.
(a) PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall establish a program to
encourage domestic production and sales of efficient hybrid and
advanced diesel vehicles. The program shall include grants to automobile manufacturers to encourage domestic production of efficient
hybrid and advanced diesel vehicles.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this section
such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2006
through 2015.
PART 2—ADVANCED VEHICLES
SEC. 721. PILOT PROGRAM.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary, in consultation with the
Secretary of Transportation, shall establish a competitive grant
pilot program (referred to in this part as the ‘‘pilot program’’),
to be administered through the Clean Cities Program of the Department, to provide not more than 30 geographically dispersed project
grants to State governments, local governments, or metropolitan
transportation authorities to carry out a project or projects for
the purposes described in subsection (b).
(b) GRANT PURPOSES.—A grant under this section may be used
for the following purposes:
(1) The acquisition of alternative fueled vehicles or fuel
cell vehicles, including—
(A) passenger vehicles (including neighborhood electric
vehicles); and
(B) motorized 2-wheel bicycles or other vehicles for
use by law enforcement personnel or other State or local
government or metropolitan transportation authority
employees.
(2) The acquisition of alternative fueled vehicles, hybrid
vehicles, or fuel cell vehicles, including—
H. R. 6—226
(A) buses used for public transportation or transportation to and from schools;
(B) delivery vehicles for goods or services; and
(C) ground support vehicles at public airports
(including vehicles to carry baggage or push or pull airplanes toward or away from terminal gates).
(3) The acquisition of ultra-low sulfur diesel vehicles.
(4) Installation or acquisition of infrastructure necessary
to directly support an alternative fueled vehicle, fuel cell
vehicle, or hybrid vehicle project funded by the grant, including
fueling and other support equipment.
(5) Operation and maintenance of vehicles, infrastructure,
and equipment acquired as part of a project funded by the
grant.
(c) APPLICATIONS.—
(1) REQUIREMENTS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall issue requirements for applying for grants under the pilot program.
(B) MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS.—At a minimum, the Secretary shall require that an application for a grant—
(i) be submitted by the head of a State or local
government or a metropolitan transportation authority,
or any combination thereof, and a registered participant in the Clean Cities Program of the Department;
and
(ii) include—
(I) a description of the project proposed in
the application, including how the project meets
the requirements of this part;
(II) an estimate of the ridership or degree
of use of the project;
(III) an estimate of the air pollution emissions
reduced and fossil fuel displaced as a result of
the project, and a plan to collect and disseminate
environmental data, related to the project to be
funded under the grant, over the life of the project;
(IV) a description of how the project will be
sustainable without Federal assistance after the
completion of the term of the grant;
(V) a complete description of the costs of the
project, including acquisition, construction, operation, and maintenance costs over the expected
life of the project;
(VI) a description of which costs of the project
will be supported by Federal assistance under this
part; and
(VII) documentation to the satisfaction of the
Secretary that diesel fuel containing sulfur at not
more than 15 parts per million is available for
carrying out the project, and a commitment by
the applicant to use such fuel in carrying out the
project.
(2) PARTNERS.—An applicant under paragraph (1) may
carry out a project under the pilot program in partnership
with public and private entities.
(d) SELECTION CRITERIA.—In evaluating applications under the
pilot program, the Secretary shall—
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(1) consider each applicant’s previous experience with
similar projects; and
(2) give priority consideration to applications that—
(A) are most likely to maximize protection of the
environment;
(B) demonstrate the greatest commitment on the part
of the applicant to ensure funding for the proposed project
and the greatest likelihood that the project will be maintained or expanded after Federal assistance under this
part is completed; and
(C) exceed the minimum requirements of subsection
(c)(1)(B)(ii).
(e) PILOT PROJECT REQUIREMENTS.—
(1) MAXIMUM AMOUNT.—The Secretary shall not provide
more than $15,000,000 in Federal assistance under the pilot
program to any applicant.
(2) COST SHARING.—The Secretary shall not provide more
than 50 percent of the cost, incurred during the period of
the grant, of any project under the pilot program.
(3) MAXIMUM PERIOD OF GRANTS.—The Secretary shall not
fund any applicant under the pilot program for more than
5 years.
(4) DEPLOYMENT AND DISTRIBUTION.—The Secretary shall
seek to the maximum extent practicable to ensure a broad
geographic distribution of project sites.
(5) TRANSFER OF INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE.—The Secretary shall establish mechanisms to ensure that the information and knowledge gained by participants in the pilot program
are transferred among the pilot program participants and to
other interested parties, including other applicants that submitted applications.
(f) SCHEDULE.—
(1) PUBLICATION.—Not later than 90 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the
Federal Register, Commerce Business Daily, and elsewhere
as appropriate, a request for applications to undertake projects
under the pilot program. Applications shall be due not later
than 180 days after the date of publication of the notice.
(2) SELECTION.—Not later than 180 days after the date
by which applications for grants are due, the Secretary shall
select by competitive, peer reviewed proposal, all applications
for projects to be awarded a grant under the pilot program.
(g) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of carrying out the pilot program, the Secretary shall issue regulations defining any term, as
the Secretary determines to be necessary.
SEC. 722. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.
(a) INITIAL REPORT.—Not later than 60 days after the date
on which grants are awarded under this part, the Secretary shall
submit to Congress a report containing—
(1) an identification of the grant recipients and a description of the projects to be funded;
(2) an identification of other applicants that submitted
applications for the pilot program; and
(3) a description of the mechanisms used by the Secretary
to ensure that the information and knowledge gained by participants in the pilot program are transferred among the pilot
H. R. 6—228
program participants and to other interested parties, including
other applicants that submitted applications.
(b) EVALUATION.—Not later than 3 years after the date of
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until the pilot program ends, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report containing an evaluation of the effectiveness of the pilot program,
including—
(1) an assessment of the benefits to the environment
derived from the projects included in the pilot program; and
(2) an estimate of the potential benefits to the environment
to be derived from widespread application of alternative fueled
vehicles and ultra-low sulfur diesel vehicles.
SEC. 723. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to
carry out this part $200,000,000, to remain available until
expended.
PART 3—FUEL CELL BUSES
SEC. 731. FUEL CELL TRANSIT BUS DEMONSTRATION.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, shall establish a transit bus demonstration
program to make competitive, merit-based awards for 5-year
projects to demonstrate not more than 25 fuel cell transit buses
(and necessary infrastructure) in 5 geographically dispersed localities.
(b) PREFERENCE.—In selecting projects under this section, the
Secretary shall give preference to projects that are most likely
to mitigate congestion and improve air quality.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
Subtitle C—Clean School Buses
SEC. 741. CLEAN SCHOOL BUS PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ADMINISTRATOR.—The term ‘‘Administrator’’ means the
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
(2) ALTERNATIVE FUEL.—The term ‘‘alternative fuel’’
means—
(A) liquefied natural gas, compressed natural gas,
liquefied petroleum gas, hydrogen, or propane;
(B) methanol or ethanol at no less than 85 percent
by volume; or
(C) biodiesel conforming with standards published by
the American Society for Testing and Materials as of the
date of enactment of this Act.
(3) CLEAN SCHOOL BUS.—The term ‘‘clean school bus’’ means
a school bus with a gross vehicle weight of greater than 14,000
pounds that—
(A) is powered by a heavy duty engine; and
(B) is operated solely on an alternative fuel or ultralow sulfur diesel fuel.
(4) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENT.—
H. R. 6—229
(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraph (B), the
term ‘‘eligible recipient’’ means—
(i) 1 or more local or State governmental entities
responsible for—
(I) providing school bus service to 1 or more
public school systems; or
(II) the purchase of school buses;
(ii) 1 or more contracting entities that provide
school bus service to 1 or more public school systems;
or
(iii) a nonprofit school transportation association.
(B) SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS.—In the case of eligible
recipients identified under clauses (ii) and (iii), the
Administrator shall establish timely and appropriate
requirements for notice and may establish timely and
appropriate requirements for approval by the public school
systems that would be served by buses purchased or retrofit
using grant funds made available under this section.
(5) RETROFIT TECHNOLOGY.—The term ‘‘retrofit technology’’
means a particulate filter or other emissions control equipment
that is verified or certified by the Administrator or the California Air Resources Board as an effective emission reduction
technology when installed on an existing school bus.
(6) ULTRA-LOW SULFUR DIESEL FUEL.—The term ‘‘ultra-low
sulfur diesel fuel’’ means diesel fuel that contains sulfur at
not more than 15 parts per million.
(b) PROGRAM FOR RETROFIT OR REPLACEMENT OF CERTAIN
EXISTING SCHOOL BUSES WITH CLEAN SCHOOL BUSES.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator, in consultation
with the Secretary and other appropriate Federal departments and agencies, shall establish a program for awarding
grants on a competitive basis to eligible recipients for the
replacement,
or
retrofit
(including
repowering,
aftertreatment, and remanufactured engines) of, certain
existing school buses.
(B) BALANCING.—In awarding grants under this section, the Administrator shall, to the maximum extent practicable, achieve an appropriate balance between awarding
grants—
(i) to replace school buses; and
(ii) to install retrofit technologies.
(2) PRIORITY OF GRANT APPLICATIONS.—
(A) REPLACEMENT.—In the case of grant applications
to replace school buses, the Administrator shall give priority to applicants that propose to replace school buses
manufactured before model year 1977.
(B) RETROFITTING.—In the case of grant applications
to retrofit school buses, the Administrator shall give priority to applicants that propose to retrofit school buses
manufactured in or after model year 1991.
(3) USE OF SCHOOL BUS FLEET.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—All school buses acquired or retrofitted with funds provided under this section shall be operated as part of the school bus fleet for which the grant
was made for not less than 5 years.
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(B) MAINTENANCE, OPERATION, AND FUELING.—New
school buses and retrofit technology shall be maintained,
operated, and fueled according to manufacturer recommendations or State requirements.
(4) RETROFIT GRANTS.—The Administrator may award
grants for up to 100 percent of the retrofit technologies and
installation costs.
(5) REPLACEMENT GRANTS.—
(A) ELIGIBILITY FOR 50 PERCENT GRANTS.—The
Administrator may award grants for replacement of school
buses in the amount of up to one-half of the acquisition
costs (including fueling infrastructure) for—
(i) clean school buses with engines manufactured
in model year 2005 or 2006 that emit not more than—
(I) 1.8 grams per brake horsepower-hour of
non-methane hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen;
and
(II) .01 grams per brake horsepower-hour of
particulate matter; or
(ii) clean school buses with engines manufactured
in model year 2007, 2008, or 2009 that satisfy regulatory requirements established by the Administrator
for emissions of oxides of nitrogen and particulate
matter to be applicable for school buses manufactured
in model year 2010.
(B) ELIGIBILITY FOR 25 PERCENT GRANTS.—The
Administrator may award grants for replacement of school
buses in the amount of up to one-fourth of the acquisition
costs (including fueling infrastructure) for—
(i) clean school buses with engines manufactured
in model year 2005 or 2006 that emit not more than—
(I) 2.5 grams per brake horsepower-hour of
non-methane hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen;
and
(II) .01 grams per brake horsepower-hour of
particulate matter; or
(ii) clean school buses with engines manufactured
in model year 2007 or thereafter that satisfy regulatory
requirements established by the Administrator for
emissions of oxides of nitrogen and particulate matter
from school buses manufactured in that model year.
(6) ULTRA-LOW SULFUR DIESEL FUEL.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—In the case of a grant recipient
receiving a grant for the acquisition of ultra-low sulfur
diesel fuel school buses with engines manufactured in
model year 2005 or 2006, the grant recipient shall provide,
to the satisfaction of the Administrator—
(i) documentation that diesel fuel containing sulfur
at not more than 15 parts per million is available
for carrying out the purposes of the grant; and
(ii) a commitment by the applicant to use that
fuel in carrying out the purposes of the grant.
(7) DEPLOYMENT AND DISTRIBUTION.—The Administrator
shall, to the maximum extent practicable—
(A) achieve nationwide deployment of clean school
buses through the program under this section; and
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(B) ensure a broad geographic distribution of grant
awards, with no State receiving more than 10 percent
of the grant funding made available under this section
during a fiscal year.
(8) ANNUAL REPORT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than January 31 of each
year, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report
that—
(i) evaluates the implementation of this section;
and
(ii) describes—
(I) the total number of grant applications
received;
(II) the number and types of alternative fuel
school buses, ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel school
buses, and retrofitted buses requested in grant
applications;
(III) grants awarded and the criteria used to
select the grant recipients;
(IV) certified engine emission levels of all
buses purchased or retrofitted under this section;
(V) an evaluation of the in-use emission level
of buses purchased or retrofitted under this section; and
(VI) any other information the Administrator
considers appropriate.
(c) EDUCATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall develop an
education outreach program to promote and explain the grant
program.
(2) COORDINATION WITH STAKEHOLDERS.—The outreach program shall be designed and conducted in conjunction with
national school bus transportation associations and other stakeholders.
(3) COMPONENTS.—The outreach program shall—
(A) inform potential grant recipients on the process
of applying for grants;
(B) describe the available technologies and the benefits
of the technologies;
(C) explain the benefits of participating in the grant
program; and
(D) include, as appropriate, information from the
annual report required under subsection (b)(8).
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this section,
to remain available until expended—
(1) $55,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 and 2007;
and
(2) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2008, 2009, and 2010.
SEC. 742. DIESEL TRUCK RETROFIT AND FLEET MODERNIZATION PROGRAM.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Administrator, in consultation with
the Secretary, shall establish a program for awarding grants on
H. R. 6—232
a competitive basis to public agencies and entities for fleet modernization programs including installation of retrofit technologies
for diesel trucks.
(b) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS.—A grant shall be awarded under
this section only to a State or local government or an agency
or instrumentality of a State or local government or of two or
more State or local governments who will allocate funds, with
preference to ports and other major hauling operations.
(c) AWARDS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator shall seek, to the maximum extent practicable, to ensure a broad geographic distribution of grants under this section.
(2) PREFERENCES.—In making awards of grants under this
section, the Administrator shall give preference to proposals
that—
(A) will achieve the greatest reductions in emissions
of nonmethane hydrocarbons, oxides of nitrogen, and/or
particulate matter per proposal or per truck; or
(B) involve the use of Environmental Protection Agency
or California Air Resources Board verified emissions control
retrofit technology on diesel trucks that operate solely on
ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel after September 2006.
(d) CONDITIONS OF GRANT.—A grant shall be provided under
this section on the conditions that—
(1) trucks which are replacing scrapped trucks and on
which retrofit emissions-control technology are to be demonstrated—
(A) will operate on ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel where
such fuel is reasonably available or required for sale by
State or local law or regulation;
(B) were manufactured in model year 1998 and before;
and
(C) will be used for the transportation of cargo goods
especially in port areas or used in goods movement and
major hauling operations;
(2) grant funds will be used for the purchase of emission
control retrofit technology, including State taxes and contract
fees; and
(3) grant recipients will provide at least 50 percent of
the total cost of the retrofit, including the purchase of emission
control retrofit technology and all necessary labor for installation of the retrofit, from any source other than this section.
(e) VERIFICATION.—Not later than 90 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall publish in the Federal Register procedures to—
(1) make grants pursuant to this section;
(2) verify that trucks powered by ultra-low sulfur diesel
fuel on which retrofit emissions-control technology are to be
demonstrated will operate on diesel fuel containing not more
than 15 parts per million of sulfur after September 2006; and
(3) verify that grants are administered in accordance with
this section.
(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this section,
to remain available until expended the following sums:
(1) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2006.
(2) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.
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(3) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.
(4) Such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2009 and 2010.
SEC. 743. FUEL CELL SCHOOL BUSES.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish a program
for entering into cooperative agreements—
(1) with private sector fuel cell bus developers for the
development of fuel cell-powered school buses; and
(2) subsequently, with not less than 2 units of local government using natural gas-powered school buses and such private
sector fuel cell bus developers to demonstrate the use of fuel
cell-powered school buses.
(b) COST SHARING.—The non-Federal contribution for activities
funded under this section shall be not less than—
(1) 20 percent for fuel infrastructure development activities;
and
(2) 50 percent for demonstration activities and for development activities not described in paragraph (1).
(c) REPORTS TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 3 years after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to
Congress a report that—
(1) evaluates the process of converting natural gas infrastructure to accommodate fuel cell-powered school buses; and
(2) assesses the results of the development and demonstration program under this section.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
$25,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2006 through 2009.
Subtitle D—Miscellaneous
SEC. 751. RAILROAD EFFICIENCY.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall (in cooperation with
the Secretary of Transportation and the Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency) establish a cost-shared, publicprivate research partnership involving the Federal Government,
railroad carriers, locomotive manufacturers and equipment suppliers, and the Association of American Railroads, to develop and
demonstrate railroad locomotive technologies that increase fuel
economy, reduce emissions, and lower costs of operation.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section—
(1) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(2) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007; and
(3) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.
SEC. 752. MOBILE EMISSION REDUCTIONS TRADING AND CREDITING.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Environmental
Protection Agency shall submit to Congress a report on the experience of the Administrator with the trading of mobile source emission
reduction credits for use by owners and operators of stationary
source emission sources to meet emission offset requirements within
a nonattainment area.
(b) CONTENTS.—The report shall describe—
H. R. 6—234
(1) projects approved by the Administrator that include
the trading of mobile source emission reduction credits for
use by stationary sources in complying with offset requirements,
including a description of—
(A) project and stationary sources location;
(B) volumes of emissions offset and traded;
(C) the sources of mobile emission reduction credits;
and
(D) if available, the cost of the credits;
(2) the significant issues identified by the Administrator
in consideration and approval of trading in the projects;
(3) the requirements for monitoring and assessing the air
quality benefits of any approved project;
(4) the statutory authority on which the Administrator
has based approval of the projects;
(5) an evaluation of how the resolution of issues in approved
projects could be used in other projects and whether the emission reduction credits may be considered to be additional in
relation to other requirements;
(6) the potential, for attainment purposes, of emission
reduction credits relating to transit and land use policies; and
(7) any other issues that the Administrator considers relevant to the trading and generation of mobile source emission
reduction credits for use by stationary sources or for other
purposes.
SEC. 753. AVIATION FUEL CONSERVATION AND EMISSIONS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 60 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation
Administration and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall jointly initiate a study to identify—
(1) the impact of aircraft emissions on air quality in nonattainment areas;
(2) ways to promote fuel conservation measures for aviation
to enhance fuel efficiency and reduce emissions; and
(3) opportunities to reduce air traffic inefficiencies that
increase fuel burn and emissions.
(b) FOCUS.—The study under subsection (a) shall focus on how
air traffic management inefficiencies, such as aircraft idling at
airports, result in unnecessary fuel burn and air emissions.
(c) REPORT.—Not later than 1 year after the date of the initiation of the study under subsection (a), the Administrator of the
Federal Aviation Administration and the Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency shall jointly submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the
Committee on Environment and Public Works and the Committee
on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report
that—
(1) describes the results of the study; and
(2) includes any recommendations on ways in which
unnecessary fuel use and emissions affecting air quality may
be reduced—
(A) without adversely affecting safety and security and
increasing individual aircraft noise; and
(B) while taking into account all aircraft emissions
and the impact of those emissions on the human health.
H. R. 6—235
(d) RISK ASSESSMENTS.—Any assessment of risk to human
health and the environment prepared by the Administrator of the
Federal Aviation Administration or the Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency to support the report in this
section shall be based on sound and objective scientific practices,
shall consider the best available science, and shall present the
weight of the scientific evidence concerning such risks.
SEC. 754. DIESEL FUELED VEHICLES.
(a) DEFINITION OF TIER 2 EMISSION STANDARDS.—In this section, the term ‘‘tier 2 emission standards’’ means the motor vehicle
emission standards that apply to passenger cars, light trucks, and
larger passenger vehicles manufactured after the 2003 model year,
as issued on February 10, 2000, by the Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency under sections 202 and 211 of
the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7521, 7545).
(b) DIESEL COMBUSTION AND AFTER-TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES.—The Secretary shall accelerate efforts to improve diesel
combustion and after-treatment technologies for use in diesel fueled
motor vehicles.
(c) GOALS.—The Secretary shall carry out subsection (b) with
a view toward achieving the following goals:
(1) Developing and demonstrating diesel technologies that,
not later than 2010, meet the following standards:
(A) Tier 2 emission standards.
(B) The heavy-duty emissions standards of 2007 that
are applicable to heavy-duty vehicles under regulations
issued by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency as of the date of enactment of this Act.
(2) Developing the next generation of low-emission, high
efficiency diesel engine technologies, including homogeneous
charge compression ignition technology.
SEC. 755. CONSERVE BY BICYCLING PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) PROGRAM.—The term ‘‘program’’ means the Conserve
by Bicycling Program established by subsection (b).
(2) SECRETARY.—The term ‘‘Secretary’’ means the Secretary
of Transportation.
(b) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is established within the Department of Transportation a program to be known as the ‘‘Conserve
by Bicycling Program’’.
(c) PROJECTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary shall establish not more than 10 pilot projects that
are—
(A) dispersed geographically throughout the United
States; and
(B) designed to conserve energy resources by encouraging the use of bicycles in place of motor vehicles.
(2) REQUIREMENTS.—A pilot project described in paragraph
(1) shall—
(A) use education and marketing to convert motor
vehicle trips to bicycle trips;
(B) document project results and energy savings (in
estimated units of energy conserved);
(C) facilitate partnerships among interested parties in
at least 2 of the fields of—
H. R. 6—236
(i) transportation;
(ii) law enforcement;
(iii) education;
(iv) public health;
(v) environment; and
(vi) energy;
(D) maximize bicycle facility investments;
(E) demonstrate methods that may be used in other
regions of the United States; and
(F) facilitate the continuation of ongoing programs that
are sustained by local resources.
(3) COST SHARING.—At least 20 percent of the cost of each
pilot project described in paragraph (1) shall be provided from
non-Federal sources.
(d) ENERGY AND BICYCLING RESEARCH STUDY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 2 years after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into a contract with the National Academy of Sciences for, and the
National Academy of Sciences shall conduct and submit to
Congress a report on, a study on the feasibility of converting
motor vehicle trips to bicycle trips.
(2) COMPONENTS.—The study shall—
(A) document the results or progress of the pilot
projects under subsection (c);
(B) determine the type and duration of motor vehicle
trips that people in the United States may feasibly make
by bicycle, taking into consideration factors such as—
(i) weather;
(ii) land use and traffic patterns;
(iii) the carrying capacity of bicycles; and
(iv) bicycle infrastructure;
(C) determine any energy savings that would result
from the conversion of motor vehicle trips to bicycle trips;
(D) include a cost-benefit analysis of bicycle infrastructure investments; and
(E) include a description of any factors that would
encourage more motor vehicle trips to be replaced with
bicycle trips.
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
$6,200,000, to remain available until expended, of which—
(1) $5,150,000 shall be used to carry out pilot projects
described in subsection (c);
(2) $300,000 shall be used by the Secretary to coordinate,
publicize, and disseminate the results of the program; and
(3) $750,000 shall be used to carry out subsection (d).
SEC. 756. REDUCTION OF ENGINE IDLING.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ADMINISTRATOR.—The term ‘‘Administrator’’ means the
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
(2) ADVANCED TRUCK STOP ELECTRIFICATION SYSTEM.—The
term ‘‘advanced truck stop electrification system’’ means a stationary system that delivers heat, air conditioning, electricity,
or communications, and is capable of providing verifiable and
auditable evidence of use of those services, to a heavy-duty
vehicle and any occupants of the heavy-duty vehicle with or
H. R. 6—237
without relying on components mounted onboard the heavyduty vehicle for delivery of those services.
(3) AUXILIARY POWER UNIT.—The term ‘‘auxiliary power
unit’’ means an integrated system that—
(A) provides heat, air conditioning, engine warming,
or electricity to components on a heavy-duty vehicle; and
(B) is certified by the Administrator under part 89
of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor
regulation), as meeting applicable emission standards.
(4) HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE.—The term ‘‘heavy-duty vehicle’’
means a vehicle that—
(A) has a gross vehicle weight rating greater than
8,500 pounds; and
(B) is powered by a diesel engine.
(5) IDLE REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY.—The term ‘‘idle reduction technology’’ means an advanced truck stop electrification
system, auxiliary power unit, or other technology that—
(A) is used to reduce long-duration idling; and
(B) allows for the main drive engine or auxiliary refrigeration engine to be shut down.
(6) ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY.—the term ‘‘energy
conservation technology’’ means any device, system of devices,
or equipment that improves the fuel economy.
(7) LONG-DURATION IDLING.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘‘long-duration idling’’
means the operation of a main drive engine or auxiliary
refrigeration engine, for a period greater than 15 consecutive minutes, at a time at which the main drive engine
is not engaged in gear.
(B) EXCLUSIONS.—The term ‘‘long-duration idling’’ does
not include the operation of a main drive engine or auxiliary refrigeration engine during a routine stoppage associated with traffic movement or congestion.
(b) IDLE REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY BENEFITS, PROGRAMS, AND
STUDIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall—
(A)(i) commence a review of the mobile source air emission models of the Environmental Protection Agency used
under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) to determine whether the models accurately reflect the emissions
resulting from long-duration idling of heavy-duty vehicles
and other vehicles and engines; and
(ii) update those models as the Administrator determines to be appropriate; and
(B)(i) commence a review of the emission reductions
achieved by the use of idle reduction technology; and
(ii) complete such revisions of the regulations and guidance of the Environmental Protection Agency as the
Administrator determines to be appropriate.
(2) DEADLINE FOR COMPLETION.—Not later than 180 days
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator
shall—
(A) complete the reviews under subparagraphs (A)(i)
and (B)(i) of paragraph (1); and
(B) prepare and make publicly available one or more
reports on the results of the reviews.
H. R. 6—238
(3) DISCRETIONARY INCLUSIONS.—The reviews under subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B)(i) of paragraph (1) and the reports
under paragraph (2)(B) may address the potential fuel savings
resulting from use of idle reduction technology.
(4) IDLE REDUCTION AND ENERGY CONSERVATION DEPLOYMENT PROGRAM.—
(A) ESTABLISHMENT.—
(i) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in
consultation with the Secretary of Transportation shall,
through the Environmental Protection Agency’s
SmartWay Transport Partnership, establish a program
to support deployment of idle reduction and energy
conservation technologies.
(ii) PRIORITY.—The Administrator shall give priority to the deployment of idle reduction and energy
conservation technologies based on the costs and beneficial effects on air quality and ability to lessen the
emission of criteria air pollutants.
(B) FUNDING.—
(i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are
authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator
to carry out subparagraph (A) for the purpose of
reducing extended idling from heavy-duty vehicles
$19,500,000 for fiscal year 2006, $30,000,000 for fiscal
year 2007, and $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.
(ii) LOCOMOTIVES.—There are authorized to be
appropriated to the administrator to carry out subparagraph (A) for the purpose of reducing extended idling
from locomotives $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2006,
$15,000,000 for fiscal year 2007, and $20,000,000 for
fiscal year 2008.
(iii) COST SHARING.—Subject to clause (iv), the
Administrator shall require at least 50 percent of the
costs directly and specifically related to any project
under this section to be provided from non-Federal
sources.
(iv) NECESSARY AND APPROPRIATE REDUCTIONS.—
The Administrator may reduce the non-Federal
requirement under clause (iii) if the Administrator
determines that the reduction is necessary and appropriate to meet the objectives of this section.
(5) IDLING LOCATION STUDY.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, shall commence a study to analyze all locations at which heavyduty vehicles stop for long-duration idling, including—
(i) truck stops;
(ii) rest areas;
(iii) border crossings;
(iv) ports;
(v) transfer facilities; and
(vi) private terminals.
(B) DEADLINE FOR COMPLETION.—Not later than 180
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall—
H. R. 6—239
(i) complete the study under subparagraph (A);
and
(ii) prepare and make publicly available one or
more reports of the results of the study.
(c) VEHICLE WEIGHT EXEMPTION.—Section 127(a) of title 23,
United States Code, is amended—
(1) by designating the first through eleventh sentences
as paragraphs (1) through (11), respectively; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(12) HEAVY DUTY VEHICLES.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraphs (B) and
(C), in order to promote reduction of fuel use and emissions
because of engine idling, the maximum gross vehicle weight
limit and the axle weight limit for any heavy-duty vehicle
equipped with an idle reduction technology shall be
increased by a quantity necessary to compensate for the
additional weight of the idle reduction system.
‘‘(B) MAXIMUM WEIGHT INCREASE.—The weight increase
under subparagraph (A) shall be not greater than 400
pounds.
‘‘(C) PROOF.—On request by a regulatory agency or
law enforcement agency, the vehicle operator shall provide
proof (through demonstration or certification) that—
‘‘(i) the idle reduction technology is fully functional
at all times; and
‘‘(ii) the 400-pound gross weight increase is not
used for any purpose other than the use of idle reduction technology described in subparagraph (A).’’.
(d) REPORT.—Not later than 60 days after the date on which
funds are initially awarded under this section, and on an annual
basis thereafter, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a
report containing—
(1) an identification of the grant recipients, a description
of the projects to be funded and the amount of funding provided;
and
(2) an identification of all other applicants that submitted
applications under the program.
SEC. 757. BIODIESEL ENGINE TESTING PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later that 180 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall initiate a partnership
with diesel engine, diesel fuel injection system, and diesel vehicle
manufacturers and diesel and biodiesel fuel providers, to include
biodiesel testing in advanced diesel engine and fuel system technology.
(b) SCOPE.—The program shall provide for testing to determine
the impact of biodiesel from different sources on current and future
emission control technologies, with emphasis on—
(1) the impact of biodiesel on emissions warranty, in-use
liability, and antitampering provisions;
(2) the impact of long-term use of biodiesel on engine
operations;
(3) the options for optimizing these technologies for both
emissions and performance when switching between biodiesel
and diesel fuel; and
(4) the impact of using biodiesel in these fueling systems
and engines when used as a blend with 2006 Environmental
H. R. 6—240
Protection Agency-mandated diesel fuel containing a maximum
of 15-parts-per-million sulfur content.
(c) REPORT.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall provide an interim report to Congress
on the findings of the program, including a comprehensive analysis
of impacts from biodiesel on engine operation for both existing
and expected future diesel technologies, and recommendations for
ensuring optimal emissions reductions and engine performance with
biodiesel.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through
2010 to carry out this section.
(e) DEFINITION.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘‘biodiesel’’ means a diesel fuel substitute produced from nonpetroleum
renewable resources that meets the registration requirements for
fuels and fuel additives established by the Environmental Protection
Agency under section 211 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7545)
and that meets the American Society for Testing and Materials
D6751–02a Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel (B100) Blend
Stock for Distillate Fuels.
SEC. 758. ULTRA-EFFICIENT ENGINE TECHNOLOGY FOR AIRCRAFT.
(a) ULTRA-EFFICIENT ENGINE TECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP.—The
Secretary shall enter into a cooperative agreement with the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration for the development
of ultra-efficient engine technology for aircraft.
(b) PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE.—The Secretary shall establish
the following performance objectives for the program set forth in
subsection (a):
(1) A fuel efficiency increase of at least 10 percent.
(2) A reduction in the impact of landing and takeoff
nitrogen oxides emissions on local air quality of 70 percent.
(3) Exploring advanced concepts, alternate propulsion, and
power configurations, including hybrid fuel cell powered systems.
(4) Exploring the use of alternate fuel in conventional or
nonconventional turbine-based systems.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this section
$50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009,
and 2010.
SEC. 759. FUEL ECONOMY INCENTIVE REQUIREMENTS.
Section 32905 of title 49, United States Code, is amended
by adding the following new subsection at the end thereof:
‘‘(h) FUEL ECONOMY INCENTIVE REQUIREMENTS.—In order for
any model of dual fueled automobile to be eligible to receive the
fuel economy incentives included in section 32906(a) and (b), a
label shall be attached to the fuel compartment of each dual fueled
automobile of that model, notifying that the vehicle can be operated
on an alternative fuel and on gasoline or diesel, with the form
of alternative fuel stated on the notice. This requirement applies
to dual fueled automobiles manufactured on or after September
1, 2006.’’.
H. R. 6—241
Subtitle E—Automobile Efficiency
SEC. 771. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS.
In addition to any other funds authorized by law, there are
authorized to be appropriated to the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration to carry out its obligations with respect to
average fuel economy standards $3,500,000 for each of the fiscal
years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 772. EXTENSION OF MAXIMUM FUEL ECONOMY INCREASE FOR
ALTERNATIVE FUELED VEHICLES.
(a) MANUFACTURING INCENTIVES.—Section 32905 of title 49,
United States Code, is amended—
(1) in each of subsections (b) and (d), by striking ‘‘1993–
2004’’ and inserting ‘‘1993–2010’’;
(2) in subsection (f), by striking ‘‘2001’’ and inserting ‘‘2007’’;
and
(3) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ‘‘2004’’ and inserting
‘‘2010’’.
(b) MAXIMUM FUEL ECONOMY INCREASE.—Subsection (a)(1) of
section 32906 of title 49, United States Code, is amended—
(1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘the model years 1993–
2004’’ and inserting ‘‘model years 1993–2010’’; and
(2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘the model years 2005–
2008’’ and inserting ‘‘model years 2011–2014’’.
SEC. 773. STUDY OF FEASIBILITY AND EFFECTS OF REDUCING USE
OF FUEL FOR AUTOMOBILES.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 30 days after the date of
the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration shall initiate a study of the
feasibility and effects of reducing by model year 2014, by a significant percentage, the amount of fuel consumed by automobiles.
(b) SUBJECTS OF STUDY.—The study under this section shall
include—
(1) examination of, and recommendation of alternatives
to, the policy under current Federal law of establishing average
fuel economy standards for automobiles and requiring each
automobile manufacturer to comply with average fuel economy
standards that apply to the automobiles it manufactures;
(2) examination of how automobile manufacturers could
contribute toward achieving the reduction referred to in subsection (a);
(3) examination of the potential of fuel cell technology
in motor vehicles in order to determine the extent to which
such technology may contribute to achieving the reduction
referred to in subsection (a); and
(4) examination of the effects of the reduction referred
to in subsection (a) on—
(A) gasoline supplies;
(B) the automobile industry, including sales of automobiles manufactured in the United States;
(C) motor vehicle safety; and
(D) air quality.
H. R. 6—242
(c) REPORT.—The Administrator shall submit to Congress a
report on the findings, conclusion, and recommendations of the
study under this section by not later than 1 year after the date
of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 774. UPDATE TESTING PROCEDURES.
The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
shall update or revise the adjustment factors in sections 600.209–
85 and 600.209–95, of the Code of Federal Regulations, CFR Part
600 (1995) Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model
Year Automobiles to take into consideration higher speed limits,
faster acceleration rates, variations in temperature, use of air conditioning, shorter city test cycle lengths, current reference fuels, and
the use of other fuel depleting features.
Subtitle F—Federal and State
Procurement
SEC. 781. DEFINITIONS.
In this subtitle:
(1) FUEL CELL.—The term ‘‘fuel cell’’ means a device that
directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidant
into electricity by electrochemical processes occurring at separate electrodes in the device.
(2) LIGHT-DUTY OR HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE FLEET.—The term
‘‘light-duty or heavy-duty vehicle fleet’’ does not include any
vehicle designed or procured for combat or combat-related missions.
(3) STATIONARY; PORTABLE.—The terms ‘‘stationary’’ and
‘‘portable’’, when used in reference to a fuel cell, include—
(A) continuous electric power; and
(B) backup electric power.
(4) TASK FORCE.—The term ‘‘Task Force’’ means the
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Task Force established under
section 806 of this Act.
(5) TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—The term ‘‘Technical
Advisory Committee’’ means the independent Technical
Advisory Committee selected under section 807 of this Act.
SEC. 782. FEDERAL AND STATE PROCUREMENT OF FUEL CELL
VEHICLES AND HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS.
(a) PURPOSES.—The purposes of this section are—
(1) to stimulate acceptance by the market of fuel cell
vehicles and hydrogen energy systems;
(2) to support development of technologies relating to fuel
cell vehicles, public refueling stations, and hydrogen energy
systems; and
(3) to require the Federal government, which is the largest
single user of energy in the United States, to adopt those
technologies as soon as practicable after the technologies are
developed, in conjunction with private industry partners.
(b) FEDERAL LEASES AND PURCHASES.—
(1) REQUIREMENT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than January 1, 2010, the
head of any Federal agency that uses a light-duty or heavyduty vehicle fleet shall lease or purchase fuel cell vehicles
H. R. 6—243
and hydrogen energy systems to meet any applicable energy
savings goal described in subsection (c).
(B) LEARNING DEMONSTRATION VEHICLES.—The Secretary may lease or purchase appropriate vehicles developed under subsections (a)(10) and (b)(1)(A) of section 808
to meet the requirement in subparagraph (A).
(2) COSTS OF LEASES AND PURCHASES.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in cooperation with
the Task Force and the Technical Advisory Committee,
shall pay to Federal agencies (or share the cost under
interagency agreements) the difference in cost between—
(i) the cost to the agencies of leasing or purchasing
fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen energy systems under
paragraph (1); and
(ii) the cost to the agencies of a feasible alternative
to leasing or purchasing fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen
energy systems, as determined by the Secretary.
(B) COMPETITIVE COSTS AND MANAGEMENT STRUCTURES.—In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Secretary,
in consultation with the agency, may use the General Services Administration or any commercial vendor to ensure—
(i) a cost-effective purchase of a fuel cell vehicle
or hydrogen energy system; or
(ii) a cost-effective management structure of the
lease of a fuel cell vehicle or hydrogen energy system.
(3) EXCEPTION.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—If the Secretary determines that the
head of an agency described in paragraph (1) cannot find
an appropriately efficient and reliable fuel cell vehicle or
hydrogen energy system in accordance with paragraph (1),
that agency shall be excepted from compliance with paragraph (1).
(B) CONSIDERATION.—In making a determination under
subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider—
(i) the needs of the agency; and
(ii) an evaluation performed by—
(I) the Task Force; or
(II) the Technical Advisory Committee.
(c) ENERGY SAVINGS GOALS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
(A) REGULATIONS.—Not later than December 31, 2006,
the Secretary shall—
(i) in cooperation with the Task Force, promulgate
regulations for the period of 2008 through 2010 that
extend and augment energy savings goals for each
Federal agency, in accordance with any Executive order
issued after March 2000; and
(ii) promulgate regulations to expand the minimum
Federal fleet requirement and credit allowances for
fuel cell vehicle systems under section 303 of the
Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13212).
(B) REVIEW, EVALUATION, AND NEW REGULATIONS.—Not
later than December 31, 2010, the Secretary shall—
(i) review the regulations promulgated under
subparagraph (A);
(ii) evaluate any progress made toward achieving
energy savings by Federal agencies; and
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(iii) promulgate new regulations for the period of
2011 through 2015 to achieve additional energy savings
by Federal agencies relating to technical and costperformance standards.
(2) OFFSETTING ENERGY SAVINGS GOALS.—An agency that
leases or purchases a fuel cell vehicle or hydrogen energy
system in accordance with subsection (b)(1) may use that lease
or purchase to count toward an energy savings goal of the
agency.
(d) COOPERATIVE PROGRAM WITH STATE AGENCIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may establish a cooperative
program with State agencies managing motor vehicle fleets
to encourage purchase of fuel cell vehicles by the agencies.
(2) INCENTIVES.—In carrying out the cooperative program,
the Secretary may offer incentive payments to a State agency
to assist with the cost of planning, differential purchases, and
administration.
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section—
(1) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(2) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(3) $65,000,000 for fiscal year 2010; and
(4) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2011 through 2015.
SEC. 783. FEDERAL PROCUREMENT OF STATIONARY, PORTABLE, AND
MICRO FUEL CELLS.
(a) PURPOSES.—The purposes of this section are—
(1) to stimulate acceptance by the market of stationary,
portable, and micro fuel cells; and
(2) to support development of technologies relating to stationary, portable, and micro fuel cells.
(b) FEDERAL LEASES AND PURCHASES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than January 1, 2006, the head
of any Federal agency that uses electrical power from stationary, portable, or microportable devices shall lease or purchase a stationary, portable, or micro fuel cell to meet any
applicable energy savings goal described in subsection (c).
(2) COSTS OF LEASES AND PURCHASES.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in cooperation with
the Task Force and the Technical Advisory Committee,
shall pay the cost to Federal agencies (or share the cost
under interagency agreements) of leasing or purchasing
stationary, portable, and micro fuel cells under paragraph
(1).
(B) COMPETITIVE COSTS AND MANAGEMENT STRUCTURES.—In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Secretary,
in consultation with the agency, may use the General Services Administration or any commercial vendor to ensure—
(i) a cost-effective purchase of a stationary, portable, or micro fuel cell; or
(ii) a cost-effective management structure of the
lease of a stationary, portable, or micro fuel cell.
(3) EXCEPTION.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—If the Secretary determines that the
head of an agency described in paragraph (1) cannot find
an appropriately efficient and reliable stationary, portable,
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or micro fuel cell in accordance with paragraph (1), that
agency shall be excepted from compliance with paragraph
(1).
(B) CONSIDERATION.—In making a determination under
subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider—
(i) the needs of the agency; and
(ii) an evaluation performed by—
(I) the Task Force; or
(II) the Technical Advisory Committee of the
Task Force.
(c) ENERGY SAVINGS GOALS.—An agency that leases or purchases a stationary, portable, or micro fuel cell in accordance with
subsection (b)(1) may use that lease or purchase to count toward
an energy savings goal described in section 808 of this Act that
is applicable to the agency.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section—
(1) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(2) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(3) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(4) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(5) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2010; and
(6) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2011 through 2015.
Subtitle G—Diesel Emissions Reduction
SEC. 791. DEFINITIONS.
In this subtitle:
(1) ADMINISTRATOR.—The term ‘‘Administrator’’ means the
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
(2) CERTIFIED ENGINE CONFIGURATION.—The term ‘‘certified
engine configuration’’ means a new, rebuilt, or remanufactured
engine configuration—
(A) that has been certified or verified by—
(i) the Administrator; or
(ii) the California Air Resources Board;
(B) that meets or is rebuilt or remanufactured to a
more stringent set of engine emission standards, as determined by the Administrator; and
(C) in the case of a certified engine configuration
involving the replacement of an existing engine or vehicle,
an engine configuration that replaced an engine that was—
(i) removed from the vehicle; and
(ii) returned to the supplier for remanufacturing
to a more stringent set of engine emissions standards
or for scrappage.
(3) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘‘eligible entity’’ means—
(A) a regional, State, local, or tribal agency or port
authority with jurisdiction over transportation or air
quality; and
(B) a nonprofit organization or institution that—
(i) represents or provides pollution reduction or
educational services to persons or organizations that
own or operate diesel fleets; or
H. R. 6—246
(ii) has, as its principal purpose, the promotion
of transportation or air quality.
(4) EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.—The term ‘‘emerging technology’’ means a technology that is not certified or verified
by the Administrator or the California Air Resources Board
but for which an approvable application and test plan has
been submitted for verification to the Administrator or the
California Air Resources Board.
(5) FLEET.—The term ‘‘fleet’’ means one or more diesel
vehicles or mobile or stationary diesel engines.
(6) HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK.—The term ‘‘heavy-duty truck’’ has
the meaning given the term ‘‘heavy duty vehicle’’ in section
202 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7521).
(7) MEDIUM-DUTY TRUCK.—The term ‘‘medium-duty truck’’
has such meaning as shall be determined by the Administrator,
by regulation.
(8) VERIFIED TECHNOLOGY.—The term ‘‘verified technology’’
means a pollution control technology, including a retrofit technology, advanced truckstop electrification system, or auxiliary
power unit, that has been verified by—
(A) the Administrator; or
(B) the California Air Resources Board.
SEC. 792. NATIONAL GRANT AND LOAN PROGRAMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator shall use 70 percent of
the funds made available to carry out this subtitle for each fiscal
year to provide grants and low-cost revolving loans, as determined
by the Administrator, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities
to achieve significant reductions in diesel emissions in terms of—
(1) tons of pollution produced; and
(2) diesel emissions exposure, particularly from fleets operating in areas designated by the Administrator as poor air
quality areas.
(b) DISTRIBUTION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator shall distribute funds
made available for a fiscal year under this subtitle in accordance with this section.
(2) FLEETS.—The Administrator shall provide not less than
50 percent of funds available for a fiscal year under this section
to eligible entities for the benefit of public fleets.
(3) ENGINE CONFIGURATIONS AND TECHNOLOGIES.—
(A) CERTIFIED ENGINE CONFIGURATIONS AND VERIFIED
TECHNOLOGIES.—The Administrator shall provide not less
than 90 percent of funds available for a fiscal year under
this section to eligible entities for projects using—
(i) a certified engine configuration; or
(ii) a verified technology.
(B) EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES.—
(i) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator shall provide
not more than 10 percent of funds available for a
fiscal year under this section to eligible entities for
the development and commercialization of emerging
technologies.
(ii) APPLICATION AND TEST PLAN.—To receive funds
under clause (i), a manufacturer, in consultation with
an eligible entity, shall submit for verification to the
Administrator or the California Air Resources Board
H. R. 6—247
a test plan for the emerging technology, together with
the application under subsection (c).
(c) APPLICATIONS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—To receive a grant or loan under this
section, an eligible entity shall submit to the Administrator
an application at a time, in a manner, and including such
information as the Administrator may require.
(2) INCLUSIONS.—An application under this subsection shall
include—
(A) a description of the air quality of the area served
by the eligible entity;
(B) the quantity of air pollution produced by the diesel
fleets in the area served by the eligible entity;
(C) a description of the project proposed by the eligible
entity, including—
(i) any certified engine configuration, verified technology, or emerging technology to be used or funded
by the eligible entity; and
(ii) the means by which the project will achieve
a significant reduction in diesel emissions;
(D) an evaluation (using methodology approved by the
Administrator or the National Academy of Sciences) of
the quantifiable and unquantifiable benefits of the emissions reductions of the proposed project;
(E) an estimate of the cost of the proposed project;
(F) a description of the age and expected lifetime control of the equipment used or funded by the eligible entity;
(G) a description of the diesel fuel available in the
areas to be served by the eligible entity, including the
sulfur content of the fuel; and
(H) provisions for the monitoring and verification of
the project.
(3) PRIORITY.—In providing a grant or loan under this
section, the Administrator shall give priority to proposed
projects that, as determined by the Administrator—
(A) maximize public health benefits;
(B) are the most cost-effective;
(C) serve areas—
(i) with the highest population density;
(ii) that are poor air quality areas, including areas
identified by the Administrator as—
(I) in nonattainment or maintenance of
national ambient air quality standards for a criteria pollutant;
(II) Federal Class I areas; or
(III) areas with toxic air pollutant concerns;
(iii) that receive a disproportionate quantity of air
pollution from a diesel fleets, including truckstops,
ports, rail yards, terminals, and distribution centers;
or
(iv) that use a community-based multistakeholder
collaborative process to reduce toxic emissions;
(D) include a certified engine configuration, verified
technology, or emerging technology that has a long expected
useful life;
H. R. 6—248
(E) will maximize the useful life of any certified engine
configuration, verified technology, or emerging technology
used or funded by the eligible entity;
(F) conserve diesel fuel; and
(G) use diesel fuel with a sulfur content of less than
or equal to 15 parts per million, as the Administrator
determines to be appropriate.
(d) USE OF FUNDS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity may use a grant or
loan provided under this section to fund the costs of—
(A) a retrofit technology (including any incremental
costs of a repowered or new diesel engine) that significantly
reduces emissions through development and implementation of a certified engine configuration, verified technology,
or emerging technology for—
(i) a bus;
(ii) a medium-duty truck or a heavy-duty truck;
(iii) a marine engine;
(iv) a locomotive; or
(v) a nonroad engine or vehicle used in—
(I) construction;
(II) handling of cargo (including at a port or
airport);
(III) agriculture;
(IV) mining; or
(V) energy production; or
(B) programs or projects to reduce long-duration idling
using verified technology involving a vehicle or equipment
described in subparagraph (A).
(2) REGULATORY PROGRAMS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding paragraph (1), no
grant or loan provided under this section shall be used
to fund the costs of emissions reductions that are mandated
under Federal, State or local law.
(B) MANDATED.—For purposes of subparagraph (A),
voluntary or elective emission reduction measures shall
not be considered ‘‘mandated’’, regardless of whether the
reductions are included in the State implementation plan
of a State.
SEC. 793. STATE GRANT AND LOAN PROGRAMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Subject to the availability of adequate appropriations, the Administrator shall use 30 percent of the funds
made available for a fiscal year under this subtitle to support
grant and loan programs administered by States that are designed
to achieve significant reductions in diesel emissions.
(b) APPLICATIONS.—The Administrator shall—
(1) provide to States guidance for use in applying for grant
or loan funds under this section, including information
regarding—
(A) the process and forms for applications;
(B) permissible uses of funds received; and
(C) the cost-effectiveness of various emission reduction
technologies eligible to be carried out using funds provided
under this section; and
(2) establish, for applications described in paragraph (1)—
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(A) an annual deadline for submission of the applications;
(B) a process by which the Administrator shall approve
or disapprove each application; and
(C) a streamlined process by which a State may renew
an application described in paragraph (1) for subsequent
fiscal years.
(c) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—For each fiscal year, the Administrator
shall allocate among States for which applications are approved
by the Administrator under subsection (b)(2)(B) funds made
available to carry out this section for the fiscal year.
(2) ALLOCATION.—Using not more than 20 percent of the
funds made available to carry out this subtitle for a fiscal
year, the Administrator shall provide to each State described
in paragraph (1) for the fiscal year an allocation of funds
that is equal to—
(A) if each of the 50 States qualifies for an allocation,
an amount equal to 2 percent of the funds made available
to carry out this section; or
(B) if fewer than 50 States qualifies for an allocation,
an amount equal to the amount described in subparagraph
(A), plus an additional amount equal to the product
obtained by multiplying—
(i) the proportion that—
(I) the population of the State; bears to
(II) the population of all States described in
paragraph (1); by
(ii) the amount of funds remaining after each State
described in paragraph (1) receives the 2-percent
allocation under this paragraph.
(3) STATE MATCHING INCENTIVE.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—If a State agrees to match the allocation provided to the State under paragraph (2) for a fiscal
year, the Administrator shall provide to the State for the
fiscal year an additional amount equal to 50 percent of
the allocation of the State under paragraph (2).
(B) REQUIREMENTS.—A State—
(i) may not use funds received under this subtitle
to pay a matching share required under this subsection; and
(ii) shall not be required to provide a matching
share for any additional amount received under
subparagraph (A).
(4) UNCLAIMED FUNDS.—Any funds that are not claimed
by a State for a fiscal year under this subsection shall be
used to carry out section 792.
(d) ADMINISTRATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) and,
to the extent practicable, the priority areas listed in section
792(c)(3), a State shall use any funds provided under this
section to develop and implement such grant and low-cost
revolving loan programs in the State as are appropriate to
meet State needs and goals relating to the reduction of diesel
emissions.
H. R. 6—250
(2) APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS.—The Governor of a State
that receives funding under this section may determine the
portion of funds to be provided as grants or loans.
(3) USE OF FUNDS.—A grant or loan provided under this
section may be used for a project relating to—
(A) a certified engine configuration; or
(B) a verified technology.
SEC. 794. EVALUATION AND REPORT.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date on
which funds are made available under this subtitle, and biennially
thereafter, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report
evaluating the implementation of the programs under this subtitle.
(b) INCLUSIONS.—The report shall include a description of—
(1) the total number of grant applications received;
(2) each grant or loan made under this subtitle, including
the amount of the grant or loan;
(3) each project for which a grant or loan is provided
under this subtitle, including the criteria used to select the
grant or loan recipients;
(4) the actual and estimated air quality and diesel fuel
conservation benefits, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefits of the
grant and loan programs under this subtitle;
(5) the problems encountered by projects for which a grant
or loan is provided under this subtitle; and
(6) any other information the Administrator considers to
be appropriate.
SEC. 795. OUTREACH AND INCENTIVES.
(a) DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE TECHNOLOGY.—In this section, the
term ‘‘eligible technology’’ means—
(1) a verified technology; or
(2) an emerging technology.
(b) TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator shall establish a program under which the Administrator—
(A) informs stakeholders of the benefits of eligible technologies; and
(B) develops nonfinancial incentives to promote the
use of eligible technologies.
(2) ELIGIBLE STAKEHOLDERS.—Eligible stakeholders under
this section include—
(A) equipment owners and operators;
(B) emission and pollution control technology manufacturers;
(C) engine and equipment manufacturers;
(D) State and local officials responsible for air quality
management;
(E) community organizations; and
(F) public health, educational, and environmental
organizations.
(c) STATE IMPLEMENTATION PLANS.—The Administrator shall
develop appropriate guidance to provide credit to a State for emission reductions in the State created by the use of eligible technologies through a State implementation plan under section 110
of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7410).
(d) INTERNATIONAL MARKETS.—The Administrator, in coordination with the Department of Commerce and industry stakeholders,
H. R. 6—251
shall inform foreign countries with air quality problems of the
potential of technology developed or used in the United States
to provide emission reductions in those countries.
SEC. 796. EFFECT OF SUBTITLE.
Nothing in this subtitle affects any authority under the Clean
Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) in existence on the day before
the date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 797. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle
$200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2007 through 2011, to remain
available until expended.
TITLE VIII—HYDROGEN
SEC. 801. HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL PROGRAM.
This title may be cited as the ‘‘Spark M. Matsunaga Hydrogen
Act of 2005’’.
SEC. 802. PURPOSES.
The purposes of this title are—
(1) to enable and promote comprehensive development,
demonstration, and commercialization of hydrogen and fuel
cell technology in partnership with industry;
(2) to make critical public investments in building strong
links to private industry, institutions of higher education,
National Laboratories, and research institutions to expand
innovation and industrial growth;
(3) to build a mature hydrogen economy that creates fuel
diversity in the massive transportation sector of the United
States;
(4) to sharply decrease the dependency of the United States
on imported oil, eliminate most emissions from the transportation sector, and greatly enhance our energy security; and
(5) to create, strengthen, and protect a sustainable national
energy economy.
SEC. 803. DEFINITIONS.
In this title:
(1) FUEL CELL.—The term ‘‘fuel cell’’ means a device that
directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel, which is supplied
from an external source, and an oxidant into electricity by
electrochemical processes occurring at separate electrodes in
the device.
(2) HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE.—The term ‘‘heavy-duty vehicle’’
means a motor vehicle that—
(A) is rated at more than 8,500 pounds gross vehicle
weight;
(B) has a curb weight of more than 6,000 pounds;
or
(C) has a basic vehicle frontal area in excess of 45
square feet.
(3) INFRASTRUCTURE.—The term ‘‘infrastructure’’ means the
equipment, systems, or facilities used to produce, distribute,
deliver, or store hydrogen (except for onboard storage).
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(4) LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLE.—The term ‘‘light-duty vehicle’’
means a motor vehicle that is rated at 8,500 or less pounds
gross vehicle weight.
(5) STATIONARY; PORTABLE.—The terms ‘‘stationary’’ and
‘‘portable’’, when used in reference to a fuel cell, include—
(A) continuous electric power; and
(B) backup electric power.
(6) TASK FORCE.—The term ‘‘Task Force’’ means the
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Task Force established under
section 806.
(7) TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—The term ‘‘Technical
Advisory Committee’’ means the independent Technical
Advisory Committee established under section 807.
SEC. 804. PLAN.
Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this
Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a coordinated plan
for the programs described in this title and any other programs
of the Department that are directly related to fuel cells or hydrogen.
The plan shall describe, at a minimum—
(1) the agenda for the next 5 years for the programs authorized under this title, including the agenda for each activity
enumerated in section 805(e);
(2) the types of entities that will carry out the activities
under this title and what role each entity is expected to play;
(3) the milestones that will be used to evaluate the programs for the next 5 years;
(4) the most significant technical and nontechnical hurdles
that stand in the way of achieving the goals described in
section 805, and how the programs will address those hurdles;
and
(5) the policy assumptions that are implicit in the plan,
including any assumptions that would affect the sources of
hydrogen or the marketability of hydrogen-related products.
SEC. 805. PROGRAMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in consultation with other
Federal agencies and the private sector, shall conduct a research
and development program on technologies relating to the production, purification, distribution, storage, and use of hydrogen energy,
fuel cells, and related infrastructure.
(b) GOAL.—The goal of the program shall be to demonstrate
and commercialize the use of hydrogen for transportation (in lightduty vehicles and heavy-duty vehicles), utility, industrial, commercial, and residential applications.
(c) FOCUS.—In carrying out activities under this section, the
Secretary shall focus on factors that are common to the development
of hydrogen infrastructure and the supply of vehicle and electric
power for critical consumer and commercial applications, and that
achieve continuous technical evolution and cost reduction, particularly for hydrogen production, the supply of hydrogen, storage of
hydrogen, and end uses of hydrogen that—
(1) steadily increase production, distribution, and end use
efficiency and reduce life-cycle emissions;
(2) resolve critical problems relating to catalysts, membranes, storage, lightweight materials, electronic controls,
manufacturability, and other problems that emerge from the
program;
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(3) enhance sources of renewable fuels and biofuels for
hydrogen production; and
(4) enable widespread use of distributed electricity generation and storage.
(d) PUBLIC EDUCATION AND RESEARCH.—In carrying out this
section, the Secretary shall support enhanced public education and
research conducted at institutions of higher education in fundamental sciences, application design, and systems concepts (including
education and research relating to materials, subsystems,
manufacturability, maintenance, and safety) relating to hydrogen
and fuel cells.
(e) ACTIVITIES.—The Secretary, in partnership with the private
sector, shall conduct programs to address—
(1) production of hydrogen from diverse energy sources,
including—
(A) fossil fuels, which may include carbon capture and
sequestration;
(B) hydrogen-carrier fuels (including ethanol and methanol);
(C) renewable energy resources, including biomass; and
(D) nuclear energy;
(2) use of hydrogen for commercial, industrial, and residential electric power generation;
(3) safe delivery of hydrogen or hydrogen-carrier fuels,
including—
(A) transmission by pipeline and other distribution
methods; and
(B) convenient and economic refueling of vehicles either
at central refueling stations or through distributed onsite
generation;
(4) advanced vehicle technologies, including—
(A) engine and emission control systems;
(B) energy storage, electric propulsion, and hybrid systems;
(C) automotive materials; and
(D) other advanced vehicle technologies;
(5) storage of hydrogen or hydrogen-carrier fuels, including
development of materials for safe and economic storage in
gaseous, liquid, or solid form at refueling facilities and onboard
vehicles;
(6) development of safe, durable, affordable, and efficient
fuel cells, including fuel-flexible fuel cell power systems,
improved manufacturing processes, high-temperature membranes, cost-effective fuel processing for natural gas, fuel cell
stack and system reliability, low temperature operation, and
cold start capability; and
(7) the ability of domestic automobile manufacturers to
manufacture commercially available competitive hybrid vehicle
technologies in the United States.
(f) PROGRAM GOALS.—
(1) VEHICLES.—For vehicles, the goals of the program are—
(A) to enable a commitment by automakers no later
than year 2015 to offer safe, affordable, and technically
viable hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the mass consumer
market; and
(B) to enable production, delivery, and acceptance by
consumers of model year 2020 hydrogen fuel cell and other
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hydrogen-powered vehicles that will have, when compared
to light duty vehicles in model year 2005—
(i) fuel economy that is substantially higher;
(ii) substantially lower emissions of air pollutants;
and
(iii) equivalent or improved vehicle fuel system
crash integrity and occupant protection.
(2) HYDROGEN ENERGY AND ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE.—For
hydrogen energy and energy infrastructure, the goals of the
program are to enable a commitment not later than 2015 that
will lead to infrastructure by 2020 that will provide—
(A) safe and convenient refueling;
(B) improved overall efficiency;
(C) widespread availability of hydrogen from domestic
energy sources through—
(i) production, with consideration of emissions
levels;
(ii) delivery, including transmission by pipeline
and other distribution methods for hydrogen; and
(iii) storage, including storage in surface transportation vehicles;
(D) hydrogen for fuel cells, internal combustion
engines, and other energy conversion devices for portable,
stationary, micro, critical needs facilities, and transportation applications; and
(E) other technologies consistent with the Department’s
plan.
(3) FUEL CELLS.—The goals for fuel cells and their portable,
stationary, and transportation applications are to enable—
(A) safe, economical, and environmentally sound
hydrogen fuel cells;
(B) fuel cells for light duty and other vehicles; and
(C) other technologies consistent with the Department’s
plan.
(g) FUNDING.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out the programs under this section using a competitive, merit-based
review process and consistent with the generally applicable
Federal laws and regulations governing awards of financial
assistance, contracts, or other agreements.
(2) RESEARCH CENTERS.—Activities under this section may
be carried out by funding nationally recognized universitybased or Federal laboratory research centers.
(h) HYDROGEN SUPPLY.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out projects and activities relating to hydrogen
production, storage, distribution and dispensing, transport, education and coordination, and technology transfer under this section—
(1) $160,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(2) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(3) $220,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(4) $230,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(5) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2010; and
(6) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2011 through 2020.
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(i) FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES.—There are authorized to be
appropriated to carry out projects and activities relating to fuel
cell technologies under this section—
(1) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(2) $160,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(3) $170,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(4) $180,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(5) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2010; and
(6) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2011 through 2020.
SEC. 806. HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL TECHNICAL TASK FORCE.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 120 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the President shall establish an interagency task force chaired by the Secretary with representatives
from each of the following:
(1) The Office of Science and Technology Policy within
the Executive Office of the President.
(2) The Department of Transportation.
(3) The Department of Defense.
(4) The Department of Commerce (including the National
Institute of Standards and Technology).
(5) The Department of State.
(6) The Environmental Protection Agency.
(7) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
(8) Other Federal agencies as the Secretary determines
appropriate.
(b) DUTIES.—
(1) PLANNING.—The Task Force shall work toward—
(A) a safe, economical, and environmentally sound fuel
infrastructure for hydrogen and hydrogen-carrier fuels,
including an infrastructure that supports buses and other
fleet transportation;
(B) fuel cells in government and other applications,
including portable, stationary, and transportation applications;
(C) distributed power generation, including the generation of combined heat, power, and clean fuels including
hydrogen;
(D) uniform hydrogen codes, standards, and safety
protocols; and
(E) vehicle hydrogen fuel system integrity safety
performance.
(2) ACTIVITIES.—The Task Force may organize workshops
and conferences, may issue publications, and may create databases to carry out its duties. The Task Force shall—
(A) foster the exchange of generic, nonproprietary
information and technology among industry, academia, and
government;
(B) develop and maintain an inventory and assessment
of hydrogen, fuel cells, and other advanced technologies,
including the commercial capability of each technology for
the economic and environmentally safe production, distribution, delivery, storage, and use of hydrogen;
(C) integrate technical and other information made
available as a result of the programs and activities under
this title;
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(D) promote the marketplace introduction of infrastructure for hydrogen fuel vehicles; and
(E) conduct an education program to provide hydrogen
and fuel cell information to potential end-users.
(c) AGENCY COOPERATION.—The heads of all agencies, including
those whose agencies are not represented on the Task Force, shall
cooperate with and furnish information to the Task Force, the
Technical Advisory Committee, and the Department.
SEC. 807. TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Hydrogen Technical and Fuel Cell
Advisory Committee is established to advise the Secretary on the
programs and activities under this title.
(b) MEMBERSHIP.—
(1) MEMBERS.—The Technical Advisory Committee shall
be comprised of not fewer than 12 nor more than 25 members.
The members shall be appointed by the Secretary to represent
domestic industry, academia, professional societies, government
agencies, Federal laboratories, previous advisory panels, and
financial, environmental, and other appropriate organizations
based on the Department’s assessment of the technical and
other qualifications of Technical Advisory Committee members
and the needs of the Technical Advisory Committee.
(2) TERMS.—The term of a member of the Technical
Advisory Committee shall not be more than 3 years. The Secretary may appoint members of the Technical Advisory Committee in a manner that allows the terms of the members
serving at any time to expire at spaced intervals so as to
ensure continuity in the functioning of the Technical Advisory
Committee. A member of the Technical Advisory Committee
whose term is expiring may be reappointed.
(3) CHAIRPERSON.—The Technical Advisory Committee
shall have a chairperson, who shall be elected by the members
from among their number.
(c) REVIEW.—The Technical Advisory Committee shall review
and make recommendations to the Secretary on—
(1) the implementation of programs and activities under
this title;
(2) the safety, economical, and environmental consequences
of technologies for the production, distribution, delivery, storage, or use of hydrogen energy and fuel cells; and
(3) the plan under section 804.
(d) RESPONSE.—
(1) CONSIDERATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS.—The Secretary
shall consider, but need not adopt, any recommendations of
the Technical Advisory Committee under subsection (c).
(2) BIENNIAL REPORT.—The Secretary shall transmit a
biennial report to Congress describing any recommendations
made by the Technical Advisory Committee since the previous
report. The report shall include a description of how the Secretary has implemented or plans to implement the recommendations, or an explanation of the reasons that a recommendation will not be implemented. The report shall be
transmitted along with the President’s budget proposal.
(e) SUPPORT.—The Secretary shall provide resources necessary
in the judgment of the Secretary for the Technical Advisory Committee to carry out its responsibilities under this title.
H. R. 6—257
SEC. 808. DEMONSTRATION.
(a) IN GENERAL.—In carrying out the programs under this
section, the Secretary shall fund a limited number of demonstration
projects, consistent with this title and a determination of the maturity, cost-effectiveness, and environmental impacts of technologies
supporting each project. In selecting projects under this subsection,
the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable and in the public
interest, select projects that—
(1) involve using hydrogen and related products at existing
facilities or installations, such as existing office buildings, military bases, vehicle fleet centers, transit bus authorities, or
units of the National Park System;
(2) depend on reliable power from hydrogen to carry out
essential activities;
(3) lead to the replication of hydrogen technologies and
draw such technologies into the marketplace;
(4) include vehicle, portable, and stationary demonstrations
of fuel cell and hydrogen-based energy technologies;
(5) address the interdependency of demand for hydrogen
fuel cell applications and hydrogen fuel infrastructure;
(6) raise awareness of hydrogen technology among the
public;
(7) facilitate identification of an optimum technology among
competing alternatives;
(8) address distributed generation using renewable sources;
(9) carry out demonstrations of evolving hydrogen and fuel
cell technologies in national parks, remote island areas, and
on Indian tribal land, as selected by the Secretary;
(10) carry out a program to demonstrate developmental
hydrogen and fuel cell systems for mobile, portable, and stationary uses, using improved versions of the learning demonstrations program concept of the Department including demonstrations involving—
(A) light-duty vehicles;
(B) heavy-duty vehicles;
(C) fleet vehicles;
(D) specialty industrial and farm vehicles; and
(E) commercial and residential portable, continuous,
and backup electric power generation;
(11) in accordance with any code or standards developed
in a region, fund prototype, pilot fleet, and infrastructure
regional hydrogen supply corridors along the interstate highway
system in varied climates across the United States; and
(12) fund demonstration programs that explore the use
of hydrogen blends, hybrid hydrogen, and hydrogen reformed
from renewable agricultural fuels, including the use of hydrogen
in hybrid electric, heavier duty, and advanced internal combustion-powered vehicles.
The Secretary shall give preference to projects which address multiple elements contained in paragraphs (1) through (12).
(b) SYSTEM DEMONSTRATIONS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—As a component of the demonstration
program under this section, the Secretary shall provide grants,
on a cost share basis as appropriate, to eligible entities (as
determined by the Secretary) for use in—
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(A) devising system design concepts that provide for
the use of advanced composite vehicles in programs under
section 782 that—
(i) have as a primary goal the reduction of drive
energy requirements;
(ii) after 2010, add another research and development phase, as defined in subsection (c), including
the vehicle and infrastructure partnerships developed
under the learning demonstrations program concept
of the Department; and
(iii) are managed through an enhanced
FreedomCAR program within the Department that
encourages involvement in cost-shared projects by
manufacturers and governments; and
(B) designing a local distributed energy system that—
(i) incorporates renewable hydrogen production,
off-grid electricity production, and fleet applications
in industrial or commercial service;
(ii) integrates energy or applications described in
clause (i), such as stationary, portable, micro, and
mobile fuel cells, into a high-density commercial or
residential building complex or agricultural community; and
(iii) is managed in cooperation with industry,
State, tribal, and local governments, agricultural
organizations, and nonprofit generators and distributors of electricity.
(c) IDENTIFICATION OF NEW PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—In carrying out the demonstrations under subsection (a), the Secretary,
in consultation with the Task Force and the Technical Advisory
Committee, shall—
(1) after 2008 for stationary and portable applications, and
after 2010 for vehicles, identify new requirements that refine
technological concepts, planning, and applications; and
(2) during the second phase of the learning demonstrations
under subsection (b)(1)(A)(ii), redesign subsequent program
work to incorporate those requirements.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section—
(1) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(2) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(3) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(4) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(5) $375,000,000 for fiscal year 2010; and
(6) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2011 through 2020.
SEC. 809. CODES AND STANDARDS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in cooperation with the Task
Force, shall provide grants to, or offer to enter into contracts with,
such professional organizations, public service organizations, and
government agencies as the Secretary determines appropriate to
support timely and extensive development of safety codes and standards relating to fuel cell vehicles, hydrogen energy systems, and
stationary, portable, and micro fuel cells.
H. R. 6—259
(b) EDUCATIONAL EFFORTS.—The Secretary shall support educational efforts by organizations and agencies described in subsection (a) to share information, including information relating to
best practices, among those organizations and agencies.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section—
(1) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(2) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(3) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(4) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(5) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2010; and
(6) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2011 through 2020.
SEC. 810. DISCLOSURE.
Section 623 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13293)
shall apply to any project carried out through a grant, cooperative
agreement, or contract under this title.
SEC. 811. REPORTS.
(a) SECRETARY.—Subject to subsection (c), not later than 2
years after the date of enactment of this Act, and triennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing—
(1) activities carried out by the Department under this
title, for hydrogen and fuel cell technology;
(2) measures the Secretary has taken during the preceding
3 years to support the transition of primary industry (or a
related industry) to a fully commercialized hydrogen economy;
(3) any change made to the strategy relating to hydrogen
and fuel cell technology to reflect the results of a learning
demonstrations;
(4) progress, including progress in infrastructure, made
toward achieving the goal of producing and deploying not less
than—
(A) 100,000 hydrogen-fueled vehicles in the United
States by 2010; and
(B) 2,500,000 hydrogen-fueled vehicles in the United
States by 2020;
(5) progress made toward achieving the goal of supplying
hydrogen at a sufficient number of fueling stations in the
United States by 2010 including by integrating—
(A) hydrogen activities; and
(B) associated targets and timetables for the development of hydrogen technologies;
(6) any problem relating to the design, execution, or funding
of a program under this title;
(7) progress made toward and goals achieved in carrying
out this title and updates to the developmental roadmap,
including the results of the reviews conducted by the National
Academy of Sciences under subsection (b) for the fiscal years
covered by the report; and
(8) any updates to strategic plans that are necessary to
meet the goals described in paragraph (4).
(b) EXTERNAL REVIEW.—The Secretary shall enter into an
arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences under which
the Academy will review the programs under sections 805 and
808 every fourth year following the date of enactment of this Act.
The Academy’s review shall include the program priorities and
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technical milestones, and evaluate the progress toward achieving
them. The first review shall be completed not later than 5 years
after the date of enactment of this Act. Not later than 45 days
after receiving the review, the Secretary shall transmit the review
to Congress along with a plan to implement the review’s recommendations or an explanation for the reasons that a recommendation will not be implemented.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,500,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2020.
SEC. 812. SOLAR AND WIND TECHNOLOGIES.
(a) SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES.—The Secretary shall—
(1) prepare a detailed roadmap for carrying out the provisions in this title related to solar energy technologies and
for implementing the recommendations related to solar energy
technologies that are included in the report transmitted under
subsection (e);
(2) provide for the establishment of 5 projects in geographic
areas that are regionally and climatically diverse to demonstrate the production of hydrogen at solar energy facilities,
including one demonstration project at a National Laboratory
or institution of higher education;
(3) establish a program—
(A) to develop optimized concentrating solar power
devices that may be used for the production of both electricity and hydrogen; and
(B) to evaluate the use of thermochemical cycles for
hydrogen production at the temperatures attainable with
concentrating solar power devices;
(4) coordinate with activities sponsored by the Department’s Office of Nuclear Energy, Science, and Technology on
high-temperature materials, thermochemical cycles, and economic issues related to solar energy;
(5) provide for the construction and operation of new concentrating solar power devices or solar power cogeneration
facilities that produce hydrogen either concurrently with, or
independently of, the production of electricity;
(6) support existing facilities and programs of study related
to concentrating solar power devices; and
(7) establish a program—
(A) to develop methods that use electricity from photovoltaic devices for the onsite production of hydrogen, such
that no intermediate transmission or distribution infrastructure is required or used and future demand growth
may be accommodated;
(B) to evaluate the economics of small-scale electrolysis
for hydrogen production; and
(C) to study the potential of modular photovoltaic
devices for the development of a hydrogen infrastructure,
the security implications of a hydrogen infrastructure, and
the benefits potentially derived from a hydrogen infrastructure.
(b) WIND ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES.—The Secretary shall—
(1) prepare a detailed roadmap for carrying out the provisions in this title related to wind energy technologies and
for implementing the recommendations related to wind energy
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technologies that are included in the report transmitted under
subsection (e); and
(2) provide for the establishment of 5 projects in geographic
areas that are regionally and climatically diverse to demonstrate the production of hydrogen at existing wind energy
facilities, including one demonstration project at a National
Laboratory or institution of higher education.
(c) PROGRAM SUPPORT.—The Secretary shall support programs
at institutions of higher education for the development of solar
energy technologies and wind energy technologies for the production
of hydrogen. The programs supported under this subsection shall—
(1) enhance fellowship and faculty assistance programs;
(2) provide support for fundamental research;
(3) encourage collaborative research among industry,
National Laboratories, and institutions of higher education;
(4) support communication and outreach; and
(5) to the greatest extent possible—
(A) be located in geographic areas that are regionally
and climatically diverse; and
(B) be located at part B institutions, minority institutions, and institutions of higher education located in States
participating in the Experimental Program to Stimulate
Competitive Research of the Department.
(d) INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND NATIONAL LABORATORY INTERACTIONS.—In conjunction with the programs supported under this section, the Secretary shall develop sabbatical,
fellowship, and visiting scientist programs to encourage National
Laboratories and institutions of higher education to share and
exchange personnel.
(e) REPORT.—The Secretary shall transmit to the Congress not
later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act a
report containing detailed summaries of the roadmaps prepared
under subsections (a)(1) and (b)(1), descriptions of the Secretary’s
progress in establishing the projects and other programs required
under this section, and recommendations for promoting the availability of advanced solar and wind energy technologies for the
production of hydrogen.
(f) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section—
(1) the term ‘‘concentrating solar power devices’’ means
devices that concentrate the power of the sun by reflection
or refraction to improve the efficiency of a photovoltaic or
thermal generation process;
(2) the term ‘‘minority institution’’ has the meaning given
to that term in section 365 of the Higher Education Act of
1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067k);
(3) the term ‘‘part B institution’’ has the meaning given
to that term in section 322 of the Higher Education Act of
1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061); and
(4) the term ‘‘photovoltaic devices’’ means devices that convert light directly into electricity through a solid-state, semiconductor process.
(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary for carrying out
the activities under this section for each of fiscal years 2006 through
2020.
H. R. 6—262
SEC. 813. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER.
In carrying out this title, the Secretary shall carry out programs
that—
(1) provide for the transfer of critical hydrogen and fuel
cell technologies to the private sector;
(2) accelerate wider application of those technologies in
the global market;
(3) foster the exchange of generic, nonproprietary information; and
(4) assess technical and commercial viability of technologies
relating to the production, distribution, storage, and use of
hydrogen energy and fuel cells.
SEC. 814. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.
(a) REPRESENTATION.—The Secretary may represent the United
States interests with respect to activities and programs under this
title, in coordination with the Department of Transportation, the
National Institute of Standards and Technology, and other relevant
Federal agencies, before governments and nongovernmental
organizations including—
(1) other Federal, State, regional, and local governments
and their representatives;
(2) industry and its representatives, including members
of the energy and transportation industries; and
(3) in consultation with the Department of State, foreign
governments and their representatives including international
organizations.
(b) REGULATORY AUTHORITY.—Nothing in this title shall be
construed to alter the regulatory authority of the Department.
SEC. 815. COST SHARING.
The costs of carrying out projects and activities under this
title shall be shared in accordance with section 988.
SEC. 816. SAVINGS CLAUSE.
Nothing in this title shall be construed to affect the authority
of the Secretary of Transportation that may exist prior to the
date of enactment of this Act with respect to—
(1) research into, and regulation of, hydrogen-powered
vehicles fuel systems integrity, standards, and safety under
subtitle VI of title 49, United States Code;
(2) regulation of hazardous materials transportation under
chapter 51 of title 49, United States Code;
(3) regulation of pipeline safety under chapter 601 of title
49, United States Code;
(4) encouragement and promotion of research, development,
and deployment activities relating to advanced vehicle technologies under section 5506 of title 49, United States Code;
(5) regulation of motor vehicle safety under chapter 301
of title 49, United States Code;
(6) automobile fuel economy under chapter 329 of title
49, United States Code; or
(7) representation of the interests of the United States
with respect to the activities and programs under the authority
of title 49, United States Code.
H. R. 6—263
TITLE IX—RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT
SEC. 901. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the ‘‘Energy Research, Development,
Demonstration, and Commercial Application Act of 2005’’.
SEC. 902. GOALS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—In order to achieve the purposes of this
title, the Secretary shall conduct a balanced set of programs of
energy research, development, demonstration, and commercial
application with the general goals of—
(1) increasing the efficiency of all energy intensive sectors
through conservation and improved technologies;
(2) promoting diversity of energy supply;
(3) decreasing the dependence of the United States on
foreign energy supplies;
(4) improving the energy security of the United States;
and
(5) decreasing the environmental impact of energy-related
activities.
(b) GOALS.—The Secretary shall publish measurable cost and
performance-based goals, comparable over time, with each annual
budget submission in at least the following areas:
(1) Energy efficiency for buildings, energy-consuming industries, and vehicles.
(2) Electric energy generation (including distributed
generation), transmission, and storage.
(3) Renewable energy technologies, including wind power,
photovoltaics, solar thermal systems, geothermal energy,
hydrogen-fueled systems, biomass-based systems, biofuels, and
hydropower.
(4) Fossil energy, including power generation, onshore and
offshore oil and gas resource recovery, and transportation fuels.
(5) Nuclear energy, including programs for existing and
advanced reactors, and education of future specialists.
(c) PUBLIC COMMENT.—The Secretary shall provide mechanisms
for input on the annually published goals from industry, institutions
of higher education, and other public sources.
(d) EFFECT OF GOALS.—Nothing in subsection (a) or the
annually published goals creates any new authority for any Federal
agency, or may be used by any Federal agency, to support the
establishment of regulatory standards or regulatory requirements.
SEC. 903. DEFINITIONS.
In this title:
(1) DEPARTMENTAL MISSION.—The term ‘‘departmental mission’’ means any of the functions vested in the Secretary by
the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101
et seq.) or other law.
(2) HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTION.—The term ‘‘Hispanicserving institution’’ has the meaning given the term in section
502(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1101a(a)).
(3) NONMILITARY ENERGY LABORATORY.—The term ‘‘nonmilitary energy laboratory’’ means a National Laboratory other
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than a National Laboratory listed in subparagraph (G), (H),
or (N) of section 2(3).
(4) PART B INSTITUTION.—The term ‘‘part B institution’’
has the meaning given the term in section 322 of the Higher
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061).
(5) SINGLE-PURPOSE RESEARCH FACILITY.—The term ‘‘singlepurpose research facility’’ means—
(A) any of the primarily single-purpose entities owned
by the Department; or
(B) any other organization of the Department designated by the Secretary.
(6) UNIVERSITY.—The term ‘‘university’’ has the meaning
given the term ‘‘institution of higher education’’ in section 101
of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
Subtitle A—Energy Efficiency
SEC. 911. ENERGY EFFICIENCY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—
(1) OBJECTIVES.—The Secretary shall conduct programs of
energy efficiency research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application, including activities described in this
subtitle. Such programs shall take into consideration the following objectives:
(A) Increasing the energy efficiency of vehicles,
buildings, and industrial processes.
(B) Reducing the demand of the United States for
energy, especially energy from foreign sources.
(C) Reducing the cost of energy and making the
economy more efficient and competitive.
(D) Improving the energy security of the United States.
(E) Reducing the environmental impact of energyrelated activities.
(2) PROGRAMS.—Programs under this subtitle shall include
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of—
(A) advanced, cost-effective technologies to improve the
energy efficiency and environmental performance of
vehicles, including—
(i) hybrid and electric propulsion systems;
(ii) plug-in hybrid systems;
(iii) advanced combustion engines;
(iv) weight and drag reduction technologies;
(v) whole-vehicle design optimization; and
(vi) advanced drive trains;
(B) cost-effective technologies, for new construction and
retrofit, to improve the energy efficiency and environmental
performance of buildings, using a whole-buildings
approach, including onsite renewable energy generation;
(C) advanced technologies to improve the energy efficiency, environmental performance, and process efficiency
of energy-intensive and waste-intensive industries; and
(D) advanced control devices to improve the energy
efficiency of electric motors, including those used in industrial processes, heating, ventilation, and cooling.
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(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out energy efficiency
and conservation research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application activities, including activities authorized
under this subtitle—
(1) $783,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(2) $865,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(3) $952,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(c) ALLOCATIONS.—From amounts authorized under subsection
(b), the following sums are authorized:
(1) For activities under section 912, $50,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2007 through 2009.
(2) For activities under section 915, $7,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2007 through 2009.
(3) For activities under subsection (a)(2)(A)—
(A) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) $310,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(4) For activities under subsection (a)(2)(D), $2,000,000 for
each of fiscal years 2007 and 2008.
(d) EXTENDED AUTHORIZATION.—There are authorized to be
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out section 912 $50,000,000
for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2013.
(e) LIMITATIONS.—None of the funds authorized to be appropriated under this section may be used for—
(1) the issuance or implementation of energy efficiency
regulations;
(2) the weatherization program established under part A
of title IV of the Energy Conservation and Production Act
(42 U.S.C. 6861 et seq.);
(3) a State energy conservation plan established under
part D of title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act
(42 U.S.C. 6321 et seq.); or
(4) a Federal energy management measure carried out
under part 3 of title V of the National Energy Conservation
Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8251 et seq.).
SEC. 912. NEXT GENERATION LIGHTING INITIATIVE.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ADVANCED SOLID-STATE LIGHTING.—The term ‘‘advanced
solid-state lighting’’ means a semiconducting device package
and delivery system that produces white light using externally
applied voltage.
(2) INDUSTRY ALLIANCE.—The term ‘‘Industry Alliance’’
means an entity selected by the Secretary under subsection
(d).
(3) INITIATIVE.—The term ‘‘Initiative’’ means the Next
Generation Lighting Initiative carried out under this section.
(4) RESEARCH.—The term ‘‘research’’ includes research on
the technologies, materials, and manufacturing processes
required for white light emitting diodes.
(5) WHITE LIGHT EMITTING DIODE.—The term ‘‘white light
emitting diode’’ means a semiconducting package, using either
organic or inorganic materials, that produces white light using
externally applied voltage.
(b) INITIATIVE.—The Secretary shall carry out a Next Generation Lighting Initiative in accordance with this section to support
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research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
activities related to advanced solid-state lighting technologies based
on white light emitting diodes.
(c) OBJECTIVES.—The objectives of the Initiative shall be to
develop advanced solid-state organic and inorganic lighting technologies based on white light emitting diodes that, compared to
incandescent and fluorescent lighting technologies, are longer
lasting, are more energy-efficient and cost-competitive, and have
less environmental impact.
(d) INDUSTRY ALLIANCE.—Not later than 90 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall competitively
select an Industry Alliance to represent participants who are private, for-profit firms, open to large and small businesses, that,
as a group, are broadly representative of United States solid-state
lighting research, development, infrastructure, and manufacturing
expertise as a whole.
(e) RESEARCH.—
(1) GRANTS.—The Secretary shall carry out the research
activities of the Initiative through competitively awarded grants
to—
(A) researchers, including Industry Alliance participants;
(B) small businesses;
(C) National Laboratories; and
(D) institutions of higher education.
(2) INDUSTRY ALLIANCE.—The Secretary shall annually
solicit from the Industry Alliance—
(A) comments to identify solid-state lighting technology
needs;
(B) an assessment of the progress of the research activities of the Initiative; and
(C) assistance in annually updating solid-state lighting
technology roadmaps.
(3) AVAILABILITY TO PUBLIC.—The information and roadmaps under paragraph (2) shall be available to the public.
(f) DEVELOPMENT, DEMONSTRATION, AND COMMERCIAL APPLICATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a development, demonstration, and commercial application program for
the Initiative through competitively selected awards.
(2) PREFERENCE.—In making the awards, the Secretary
may give preference to participants in the Industry Alliance.
(g) COST SHARING.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary
shall require cost sharing in accordance with section 988.
(h) INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.—The Secretary may require (in
accordance with section 202(a)(ii) of title 35, United States Code,
section 152 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2182),
and section 9 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and
Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5908)) that for any new invention developed under subsection (e)—
(1) that the Industry Alliance participants who are active
participants in research, development, and demonstration
activities related to the advanced solid-state lighting technologies that are covered by this section shall be granted the
first option to negotiate with the invention owner, at least
in the field of solid-state lighting, nonexclusive licenses and
royalties on terms that are reasonable under the circumstances;
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(2)(A) that, for 1 year after a United States patent is
issued for the invention, the patent holder shall not negotiate
any license or royalty with any entity that is not a participant
in the Industry Alliance described in paragraph (1); and
(B) that, during the year described in subparagraph (A),
the patent holder shall negotiate nonexclusive licenses and
royalties in good faith with any interested participant in the
Industry Alliance described in paragraph (1); and
(3) such other terms as the Secretary determines are
required to promote accelerated commercialization of inventions
made under the Initiative.
(i) NATIONAL ACADEMY REVIEW.—The Secretary shall enter into
an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences to conduct
periodic reviews of the Initiative.
SEC. 913. NATIONAL BUILDING PERFORMANCE INITIATIVE.
(a) INTERAGENCY GROUP.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of Science
and Technology Policy shall establish an interagency group
to develop, in coordination with the advisory committee established under subsection (e), a National Building Performance
Initiative (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Initiative’’).
(2) COCHAIRS.—The interagency group shall be co-chaired
by appropriate officials of the Department and the Department
of Commerce, who shall jointly arrange for the provision of
necessary administrative support to the group.
(b) INTEGRATION OF EFFORTS.—The Initiative shall integrate
Federal, State, and voluntary private sector efforts to reduce the
costs of construction, operation, maintenance, and renovation of
commercial, industrial, institutional, and residential buildings.
(c) PLAN.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date
of enactment of this Act, the interagency group shall submit
to Congress a plan for carrying out the appropriate Federal
role in the Initiative.
(2) INCLUSIONS.—The plan shall include—
(A) research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application of energy technology systems and
materials for new construction and retrofit relating to the
building envelope and building system components;
(B) research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application of energy technology and infrastructure enabling the energy efficient, automated operation
of buildings and building equipment; and
(C) the collection, analysis, and dissemination of
research results and other pertinent information on
enhancing building performance to industry, government
entities, and the public.
(d) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ROLE.—Within the Federal portion
of the Initiative, the Department shall be the lead agency for
all aspects of building performance related to use and conservation
of energy.
(e) ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—The Director of the Office of Science
and Technology Policy shall establish an advisory committee to—
(1) analyze and provide recommendations on potential private sector roles and participation in the Initiative; and
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(2) review and provide recommendations on the plan
described in subsection (c).
(f) ADMINISTRATION.—Nothing in this section provides any Federal agency with new authority to regulate building performance.
SEC. 914. BUILDING STANDARDS.
(a) DEFINITION OF HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING.—In this section, the term ‘‘high performance building’’ means a building that
integrates and optimizes all major high-performance building
attributes, including energy efficiency, durability, life-cycle performance, and occupant productivity.
(b) ASSESSMENT.—Not later than 120 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement
with the National Institute of Building Sciences to—
(1) conduct an assessment (in cooperation with industry,
standards development organizations, and other entities, as
appropriate) of whether the current voluntary consensus standards and rating systems for high performance buildings are
consistent with the current technological state of the art,
including relevant results from the research, development and
demonstration activities of the Department;
(2) determine if additional research is required, based on
the findings of the assessment; and
(3) recommend steps for the Secretary to accelerate the
development of voluntary consensus-based standards for high
performance buildings that are based on the findings of the
assessment.
(c) GRANT AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.—Consistent
with subsection (b) and section 12(d) of the National Technology
Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note), the
Secretary shall establish a grant and technical assistance program
to support the development of voluntary consensus-based standards
for high performance buildings.
SEC. 915. SECONDARY ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY USE PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) BATTERY.—The term ‘‘battery’’ means an energy storage
device that previously has been used to provide motive power
in a vehicle powered in whole or in part by electricity.
(2) ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT.—The term ‘‘associated equipment’’ means equipment located where the batteries will be
used that is necessary to enable the use of the energy stored
in the batteries.
(b) PROGRAM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish and conduct
a program of research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application of energy technology for the secondary
use of batteries, if the Secretary finds that there are sufficient
numbers of batteries to support the program.
(2) ADMINISTRATION.—The program shall be—
(A) designed to demonstrate the use of batteries in
secondary applications, including utility and commercial
power storage and power quality;
(B) structured to evaluate the performance, including
useful service life and costs, of such batteries in field operations, and the necessary supporting infrastructure,
including reuse and disposal of batteries; and
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(C) coordinated with ongoing secondary battery use
programs at the National Laboratories and in industry.
(c) SOLICITATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall solicit proposals
to demonstrate the secondary use of batteries and associated
equipment and supporting infrastructure in geographic locations throughout the United States.
(2) ADDITIONAL SOLICITATIONS.—The Secretary may make
additional solicitations for proposals if the Secretary determines
that the solicitations are necessary to carry out this section.
(d) SELECTION OF PROPOSALS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the closing
date established by the Secretary for receipt of proposals under
subsection (c), the Secretary shall select up to five proposals
that may receive financial assistance under this section once
the Department receives appropriated funds to carry out this
section.
(2) FACTORS.—In selecting proposals, the Secretary shall
consider—
(A) the diversity of battery type;
(B) geographic and climatic diversity; and
(C) life-cycle environmental effects of the approaches.
(3) LIMITATION.—No one project selected under this section
shall receive more than 25 percent of the funds made available
to carry out the program under this section.
(4) NON-FEDERAL INVOLVEMENT.—In selecting proposals,
the Secretary shall consider the extent of involvement of State
or local government and other persons in each demonstration
project to optimize use of Federal resources.
(5) OTHER CRITERIA.—In selecting proposals, the Secretary
may consider such other criteria as the Secretary considers
appropriate.
(e) CONDITIONS.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary
shall require that—
(1) relevant information be provided to—
(A) the Department;
(B) the users of the batteries;
(C) the proposers of a project under this section; and
(D) the battery manufacturers; and
(2) the costs of carrying out projects and activities under
this section are shared in accordance with section 988.
SEC. 916. ENERGY EFFICIENCY SCIENCE INITIATIVE.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish an Energy
Efficiency Science Initiative to be managed by the Assistant Secretary in the Department with responsibility for energy conservation
under section 203(a)(9) of the Department of Energy Organization
Act (42 U.S.C. 7133(a)(9)), in consultation with the Director of
the Office of Science, for grants to be competitively awarded and
subject to peer review for research relating to energy efficiency.
(b) REPORT.—The Secretary shall submit to Congress, along
with the annual budget request of the President submitted to Congress, a report on the activities of the Energy Efficiency Science
Initiative, including a description of the process used to award
the funds and an explanation of how the research relates to energy
efficiency.
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SEC. 917. ADVANCED ENERGY EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
CENTERS.
(a) GRANTS.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall make grants to nonprofit
institutions, State and local governments, or universities (or consortia thereof), to establish a geographically dispersed network of
Advanced Energy Efficiency Technology Transfer Centers, to be
located in areas the Secretary determines have the greatest need
of the services of such Centers. In establishing the network, the
Secretary shall consider the special needs and opportunities for
increased energy efficiency for manufactured and site-built housing.
(b) ACTIVITIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Each Center shall operate a program
to encourage demonstration and commercial application of
advanced energy methods and technologies through education
and outreach to building and industrial professionals, and to
other individuals and organizations with an interest in efficient
energy use.
(2) ADVISORY PANEL.—Each Center shall establish an
advisory panel to advise the Center on how best to accomplish
the activities under paragraph (1).
(c) APPLICATION.—A person seeking a grant under this section
shall submit to the Secretary an application in such form and
containing such information as the Secretary may require. The
Secretary may award a grant under this section to an entity already
in existence if the entity is otherwise eligible under this section.
(d) SELECTION CRITERIA.—The Secretary shall award grants
under this section on the basis of the following criteria, at a minimum:
(1) The ability of the applicant to carry out the activities
described in subsection (b)(1).
(2) The extent to which the applicant will coordinate the
activities of the Center with other entities, such as State and
local governments, utilities, and educational and research
institutions.
(e) COST-SHARING.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary
shall require cost-sharing in accordance with the requirements of
section 988 for commercial application activities.
(f) ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—The Secretary shall establish an
advisory committee to advise the Secretary on the establishment
of Centers under this section. The advisory committee shall be
composed of individuals with expertise in the area of advanced
energy methods and technologies, including at least one representative from—
(1) State or local energy offices;
(2) energy professionals;
(3) trade or professional associations;
(4) architects, engineers, or construction professionals;
(5) manufacturers;
(6) the research community; and
(7) nonprofit energy or environmental organizations.
(g) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section:
(1) ADVANCED ENERGY METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES.—The
term ‘‘advanced energy methods and technologies’’ means all
methods and technologies that promote energy efficiency and
conservation, including distributed generation technologies, and
life-cycle analysis of energy use.
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(2) CENTER.—The term ‘‘Center’’ means an Advanced
Energy Technology Transfer Center established pursuant to
this section.
(3) DISTRIBUTED GENERATION.—The term ‘‘distributed
generation’’ means an electric power generation facility that
is designed to serve retail electric consumers at or near the
facility site.
(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—In addition to
amounts otherwise authorized to be appropriated in section 911,
there are authorized to be appropriated for the program under
this section such sums as may be appropriated.
Subtitle B—Distributed Energy and
Electric Energy Systems
SEC. 921. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY AND ELECTRIC ENERGY SYSTEMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out programs of
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
on distributed energy resources and systems reliability and efficiency, to improve the reliability and efficiency of distributed energy
resources and systems, integrating advanced energy technologies
with grid connectivity, including activities described in this subtitle.
The programs shall address advanced energy technologies and systems and advanced grid reliability technologies.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(1) DISTRIBUTED ENERGY AND ELECTRIC ENERGY SYSTEMS
ACTIVITIES.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the
Secretary to carry out distributed energy and electric energy
systems activities, including activities authorized under this
subtitle—
(A) $240,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $255,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) $273,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(2) POWER DELIVERY RESEARCH INITIATIVE.—There are
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out
the Power Delivery Research Initiative under subsection 925(e)
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2007
through 2009.
(c)
MICRO-COGENERATION
ENERGY
TECHNOLOGY.—From
amounts authorized under subsection (b), $20,000,000 for each of
fiscal years 2007 and 2008 shall be available to carry out activities
under section 923.
(d) HIGH-VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION LINES.—From amounts
authorized under subsection (b), $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2007
shall be available to carry out activities under section 925(g).
SEC. 922. HIGH POWER DENSITY INDUSTRY PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish a comprehensive research, development, demonstration, and commercial application to improve the energy efficiency of high power density facilities,
including data centers, server farms, and telecommunications facilities.
(b) TECHNOLOGIES.—The program shall consider technologies
that provide significant improvement in thermal controls, metering,
load management, peak load reduction, or the efficient cooling of
electronics.
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SEC. 923. MICRO-COGENERATION ENERGY TECHNOLOGY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall make competitive, meritbased grants to consortia for the development of micro-cogeneration
energy technology.
(b) USES.—The consortia shall explore—
(1) the use of small-scale combined heat and power in
residential heating appliances;
(2) the use of excess power to operate other appliances
within the residence; and
(3) the supply of excess generated power to the power
grid.
SEC. 924. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS.
(a) COORDINATING CONSORTIA PROGRAM.—The Secretary may
provide financial assistance to coordinating consortia of interdisciplinary participants for demonstrations designed to accelerate
the use of distributed energy technologies (such as fuel cells, microturbines, reciprocating engines, thermally activated technologies,
and combined heat and power systems) in high-energy intensive
commercial applications.
(b) SMALL-SCALE PORTABLE POWER PROGRAM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall—
(A) establish a research, development, and demonstration program to develop working models of small scale
portable power devices; and
(B) to the fullest extent practicable, identify and utilize
the resources of universities that have shown expertise
with respect to advanced portable power devices for either
civilian or military use.
(2) ORGANIZATION.—The universities identified and utilized
under paragraph (1)(B) are authorized to establish an organization to promote small scale portable power devices.
(3) DEFINITION.—For purposes of this subsection, the term
‘‘small scale portable power device’’ means a field-deployable
portable mechanical or electromechanical device that can be
used for applications such as communications, computation,
mobility enhancement, weapons systems, optical devices,
cooling, sensors, medical devices, and active biological agent
detection systems.
SEC. 925. ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMS.
(a) PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall establish a comprehensive
research, development, and demonstration program to ensure the
reliability, efficiency, and environmental integrity of electrical transmission and distribution systems, which shall include—
(1) advanced energy delivery technologies, energy storage
technologies, materials, and systems, giving priority to new
transmission technologies, including composite conductor materials and other technologies that enhance reliability, operational
flexibility, or power-carrying capability;
(2) advanced grid reliability and efficiency technology
development;
(3) technologies contributing to significant load reductions;
(4) advanced metering, load management, and control technologies;
(5) technologies to enhance existing grid components;
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(6) the development and use of high-temperature superconductors to—
(A) enhance the reliability, operational flexibility, or
power-carrying capability of electric transmission or distribution systems; or
(B) increase the efficiency of electric energy generation,
transmission, distribution, or storage systems;
(7) integration of power systems, including systems to
deliver high-quality electric power, electric power reliability,
and combined heat and power;
(8) supply of electricity to the power grid by small scale,
distributed and residential-based power generators;
(9) the development and use of advanced grid design, operation, and planning tools;
(10) any other infrastructure technologies, as appropriate;
and
(11) technology transfer and education.
(b) PROGRAM PLAN.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with
other appropriate Federal agencies, shall prepare and submit
to Congress a 5-year program plan to guide activities under
this section.
(2) CONSULTATION.—In preparing the program plan, the
Secretary shall consult with—
(A) utilities;
(B) energy service providers;
(C) manufacturers;
(D) institutions of higher education;
(E) other appropriate State and local agencies;
(F) environmental organizations;
(G) professional and technical societies; and
(H) any other persons the Secretary considers appropriate.
(c) IMPLEMENTATION.—The Secretary shall consider implementing the program under this section using a consortium of
participants from industry, institutions of higher education, and
National Laboratories.
(d) REPORT.—Not later than 2 years after the submission of
the plan under subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report—
(1) describing the progress made under this section; and
(2) identifying any additional resources needed to continue
the development and commercial application of transmission
and distribution of infrastructure technologies.
(e) POWER DELIVERY RESEARCH INITIATIVE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish a research,
development, and demonstration initiative specifically focused
on power delivery using components incorporating high
temperature superconductivity.
(2) GOALS.—The goals of the Initiative shall be—
(A) to establish world-class facilities to develop high
temperature superconductivity power applications in partnership with manufacturers and utilities;
(B) to provide technical leadership for establishing reliability for high temperature superconductivity power
applications, including suitable modeling and analysis;
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(C) to facilitate the commercial transition toward direct
current power transmission, storage, and use for high
power systems using high temperature superconductivity;
and
(D) to facilitate the integration of very low impedance
high temperature superconducting wires and cables in
existing electric networks to improve system performance,
power flow control, and reliability.
(3) INCLUSIONS.—The Initiative shall include—
(A) feasibility analysis, planning, research, and design
to construct demonstrations of superconducting links in
high power, direct current, and controllable alternating
current transmission systems;
(B) public-private partnerships to demonstrate deployment of high temperature superconducting cable into
testbeds simulating a realistic transmission grid and under
varying transmission conditions, including actual grid
insertions; and
(C) testbeds developed in cooperation with National
Laboratories, industries, and institutions of higher education to—
(i) demonstrate those technologies;
(ii) prepare the technologies for commercial
introduction; and
(iii) address cost or performance roadblocks to
successful commercial use.
(f) TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION GRID PLANNING AND OPERATIONS INITIATIVE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish a research,
development, and demonstration initiative specifically focused
on tools needed to plan, operate, and expand the transmission
and distribution grids in the presence of competitive market
mechanisms for energy, load demand, customer response, and
ancillary services.
(2) GOALS.—The goals of the Initiative shall be—
(A)(i) to develop and use a geographically distributed
center, consisting of institutions of higher education, and
National Laboratories, with expertise and facilities to
develop the underlying theory and software for power
system application; and
(ii) to ensure commercial development in partnership
with software vendors and utilities;
(B) to provide technical leadership in engineering and
economic analysis for the reliability and efficiency of power
systems planning and operations in the presence of
competitive markets for electricity;
(C) to model, simulate, and experiment with new
market mechanisms and operating practices to understand
and optimize those new methods before actual use; and
(D) to provide technical support and technology
transfer to electric utilities and other participants in the
domestic electric industry and marketplace.
(g) HIGH-VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION LINES.—As part of the program described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall award a grant
to a university research program to design and test, in consultation
with the Tennessee Valley Authority, state-of-the-art optimization
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techniques for power flow through existing high voltage transmission lines.
Subtitle C—Renewable Energy
SEC. 931. RENEWABLE ENERGY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—
(1) OBJECTIVES.—The Secretary shall conduct programs of
renewable energy research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application, including activities described in this
subtitle. Such programs shall take into consideration the following objectives:
(A) Increasing the conversion efficiency of all forms
of renewable energy through improved technologies.
(B) Decreasing the cost of renewable energy generation
and delivery.
(C) Promoting the diversity of the energy supply.
(D) Decreasing the dependence of the United States
on foreign energy supplies.
(E) Improving United States energy security.
(F) Decreasing the environmental impact of energyrelated activities.
(G) Increasing the export of renewable generation
equipment from the United States.
(2) PROGRAMS.—
(A) SOLAR ENERGY.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application for solar energy, including—
(i) photovoltaics;
(ii) solar hot water and solar space heating;
(iii) concentrating solar power;
(iv) lighting systems that integrate sunlight and
electrical lighting in complement to each other in
common lighting fixtures for the purpose of improving
energy efficiency;
(v) manufacturability of low cost, high quality solar
systems; and
(vi) development of products that can be easily
integrated into new and existing buildings.
(B) WIND ENERGY.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application for wind energy, including—
(i) low speed wind energy;
(ii) offshore wind energy;
(iii) testing and verification (including construction
and operation of a research and testing facility capable
of testing wind turbines); and
(iv) distributed wind energy generation.
(C) GEOTHERMAL.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application for geothermal energy. The program
shall focus on developing improved technologies for
reducing the costs of geothermal energy installations,
including technologies for—
(i) improving detection of geothermal resources;
(ii) decreasing drilling costs;
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(iii) decreasing maintenance costs through
improved materials;
(iv) increasing the potential for other revenue
sources, such as mineral production; and
(v) increasing the understanding of reservoir life
cycle and management.
(D) HYDROPOWER.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application for cost competitive technologies
that enable the development of new and incremental hydropower capacity, adding to the diversity of the energy supply
of the United States, including:
(i) Fish-friendly large turbines.
(ii) Advanced technologies to enhance environmental performance and yield greater energy efficiencies.
(E) MISCELLANEOUS PROJECTS.—The Secretary shall
conduct research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application programs for—
(i) ocean energy, including wave energy;
(ii) the combined use of renewable energy technologies with one another and with other energy technologies, including the combined use of wind power
and coal gasification technologies;
(iii) renewable energy technologies for cogeneration
of hydrogen and electricity; and
(iv) kinetic hydro turbines.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out renewable energy
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
activities, including activities authorized under this subtitle—
(1) $632,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(2) $743,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(3) $852,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(c) BIOENERGY.—From the amounts authorized under subsection (b), there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out
section 932—
(1) $213,000,000 for fiscal year 2007, of which $100,000,000
shall be for section 932(d);
(2) $251,000,000 for fiscal year 2008, of which $125,000,000
shall be for section 932(d); and
(3) $274,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, of which $150,000,000
shall be for section 932(d).
(d) SOLAR POWER.—From amounts authorized under subsection
(b), there is authorized to be appropriated to carry out activities
under subsection (a)(2)(A)—
(1) $140,000,000 for fiscal year 2007, of which $40,000,000
shall be for activities under section 935;
(2) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2008, of which $50,000,000
shall be for activities under section 935; and
(3) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, of which $50,000,000
shall be for activities under section 935.
(e) ADMINISTRATION.—Of the funds authorized under subsection
(c), not less than $5,000,000 for each fiscal year shall be made
available for grants to—
(1) part B institutions;
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(2) Tribal Colleges or Universities (as defined in section
316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C.
1059c(b))); and
(3) Hispanic-serving institutions.
(f) RURAL DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall demonstrate the use of renewable energy technologies
to assist in delivering electricity to rural and remote locations
including —
(1) advanced wind power technology, including combined
use with coal gasification;
(2) biomass; and
(3) geothermal energy systems.
(g) ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct analysis and
evaluation in support of the renewable energy programs under
this subtitle. These activities shall be used to guide budget
and program decisions, and shall include—
(A) economic and technical analysis of renewable
energy potential, including resource assessment;
(B) analysis of past program performance, both in
terms of technical advances and in market introduction
of renewable energy; and
(C) any other analysis or evaluation that the Secretary
considers appropriate.
(2) FUNDING.—The Secretary may designate up to 1 percent
of the funds appropriated for carrying out this subtitle for
analysis and evaluation activities under this subsection.
SEC. 932. BIOENERGY PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) BIOMASS.—The term ‘‘biomass’’ means—
(A) any organic material grown for the purpose of
being converted to energy;
(B) any organic byproduct of agriculture (including
wastes from food production and processing) that can be
converted into energy; or
(C) any waste material that can be converted to energy,
is segregated from other waste materials, and is derived
from—
(i) any of the following forest-related resources:
mill residues, precommercial thinnings, slash, brush,
or otherwise nonmerchantable material; or
(ii) wood waste materials, including waste pallets,
crates, dunnage, manufacturing and construction wood
wastes (other than pressure-treated, chemicallytreated, or painted wood wastes), and landscape or
right-of-way tree trimmings, but not including municipal solid waste, gas derived from the biodegradation
of municipal solid waste, or paper that is commonly
recycled.
(2)
LIGNOCELLULOSIC
FEEDSTOCK.—The
term
‘‘lignocellulosic feedstock’’ means any portion of a plant or coproduct from conversion, including crops, trees, forest residues,
and agricultural residues not specifically grown for food,
including from barley grain, grapeseed, rice bran, rice hulls,
rice straw, soybean matter, and sugarcane bagasse.
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(b) PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
for bioenergy, including—
(1) biopower energy systems;
(2) biofuels;
(3) bioproducts;
(4) integrated biorefineries that may produce biopower,
biofuels, and bioproducts;
(5) cross-cutting research and development in feedstocks;
and
(6) economic analysis.
(c) BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS.—The goals of the biofuels and
bioproducts programs shall be to develop, in partnership with
industry and institutions of higher education—
(1) advanced biochemical and thermochemical conversion
technologies capable of making fuels from lignocellulosic feedstocks that are price-competitive with gasoline or diesel in
either internal combustion engines or fuel cell-powered vehicles;
(2) advanced biotechnology processes capable of making
biofuels and bioproducts with emphasis on development of biorefinery technologies using enzyme-based processing systems;
(3) advanced biotechnology processes capable of increasing
energy production from lignocellulosic feedstocks, with
emphasis on reducing the dependence of industry on fossil
fuels in manufacturing facilities; and
(4) other advanced processes that will enable the development of cost-effective bioproducts, including biofuels.
(d) INTEGRATED BIOREFINERY DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a program
to demonstrate the commercial application of integrated biorefineries. The Secretary shall ensure geographical distribution
of biorefinery demonstrations under this subsection. The Secretary shall not provide more than $100,000,000 under this
subsection for any single biorefinery demonstration. In making
awards under this subsection, the Secretary shall encourage—
(A) the demonstration of a wide variety of
lignocellulosic feedstocks;
(B) the commercial application of biomass technologies
for a variety of uses, including—
(i) liquid transportation fuels;
(ii) high-value biobased chemicals;
(iii) substitutes for petroleum-based feedstocks and
products; and
(iv) energy in the form of electricity or useful heat;
and
(C) the demonstration of the collection and treatment
of a variety of biomass feedstocks.
(2) PROPOSALS.—Not later than 6 months after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall solicit proposals
for demonstration of advanced biorefineries. The Secretary shall
select only proposals that—
(A) demonstrate that the project will be able to operate
profitably without direct Federal subsidy after initial
construction costs are paid; and
(B) enable the biorefinery to be easily replicated.
(e) UNIVERSITY BIODIESEL PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall
establish a demonstration program to determine the feasibility of
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the operation of diesel electric power generators, using biodiesel
fuels with ratings as high as B100, at electric generation facilities
owned by institutions of higher education. The program shall
examine—
(1) heat rates of diesel fuels with large quantities of cellulosic content;
(2) the reliability of operation of various fuel blends;
(3) performance in cold or freezing weather;
(4) stability of fuel after extended storage; and
(5) other criteria, as determined by the Secretary.
SEC. 933. LOW-COST RENEWABLE HYDROGEN AND INFRASTRUCTURE
FOR VEHICLE PROPULSION.
The Secretary shall—
(1) establish a research, development, and demonstration
program to determine the feasibility of using hydrogen propulsion in light-weight vehicles and the integration of the associated hydrogen production infrastructure using off-the-shelf
components; and
(2) identify universities and institutions that—
(A) have expertise in researching and testing vehicles
fueled by hydrogen, methane, and other fuels;
(B) have expertise in integrating off-the-shelf components to minimize cost; and
(C) within 2 years can test a vehicle based on an
existing commercially available platform with a curb weight
of not less than 2,000 pounds before modifications, that—
(i) operates solely on hydrogen;
(ii) qualifies as a light-duty passenger vehicle; and
(iii) uses hydrogen produced from water using only
solar energy.
SEC. 934. CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER RESEARCH PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of
research and development to evaluate the potential for concentrating solar power for hydrogen production, including cogeneration
approaches for both hydrogen and electricity.
(b) ADMINISTRATION.—The program shall take advantage of
existing facilities to the extent practicable and shall include—
(1) development of optimized technologies that are common
to both electricity and hydrogen production;
(2) evaluation of thermochemical cycles for hydrogen
production at the temperatures attainable with concentrating
solar power;
(3) evaluation of materials issues for the thermochemical
cycles described in paragraph (2);
(4) cogeneration of solar thermal electric power and photosynthetic-based hydrogen production;
(5) system architectures and economics studies; and
(6) coordination with activities under the Next Generation
Nuclear Plant Project established under subtitle C of title VI
on high temperature materials, thermochemical cycles, and economic issues.
(c) ASSESSMENT.—In carrying out the program under this section, the Secretary shall—
(1) assess conflicting guidance on the economic potential
of concentrating solar power for electricity production received
from the National Research Council in the report entitled
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‘‘Renewable Power Pathways: A Review of the U.S. Department
of Energy’s Renewable Energy Programs’’ and dated 2000 and
subsequent reviews of that report funded by the Department;
and
(2) provide an assessment of the potential impact of technology used to concentrate solar power for electricity before,
or concurrent with, submission of the budget for fiscal year
2008.
(d) REPORT.—Not later than 5 years after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to Congress a report on
the economic and technical potential for electricity or hydrogen
production, with or without cogeneration, with concentrating solar
power, including the economic and technical feasibility of potential
construction of a pilot demonstration facility suitable for commercial
production of electricity or hydrogen from concentrating solar power.
SEC. 935. RENEWABLE ENERGY IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS.
(a) DEMONSTRATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM.—
The Secretary shall establish a program for the demonstration
of innovative technologies for solar and other renewable energy
sources in buildings owned or operated by a State or local government, and for the dissemination of information resulting from such
demonstration to interested parties.
(b) LIMIT ON FEDERAL FUNDING.—Notwithstanding section 988,
the Secretary shall provide under this section no more than 40
percent of the incremental costs of the solar or other renewable
energy source project funded.
(c) REQUIREMENTS.—As part of the application for awards under
this section, the Secretary shall require all applicants—(1) to demonstrate a continuing commitment to the use
of solar and other renewable energy sources in buildings they
own or operate; and
(2) to state how they expect any award to further their
transition to the significant use of renewable energy.
Subtitle D—Agricultural Biomass Research
and Development Programs
SEC. 941. AMENDMENTS TO THE BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 2000.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—Section 303 of the Biomass Research and
Development Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–224; 7 U.S.C. 8101
note) is amended—
(1) by striking paragraphs (2), (9), and (10);
(2) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), and
(8) as paragraphs (4), (5), (7), (8), (9), and (10), respectively;
(3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
‘‘(2) BIOBASED FUEL.—The term ‘biobased fuel’ means any
transportation fuel produced from biomass.
‘‘(3) BIOBASED PRODUCT.—The term ‘biobased product’
means an industrial product (including chemicals, materials,
and polymers) produced from biomass, or a commercial or
industrial product (including animal feed and electric power)
derived in connection with the conversion of biomass to fuel.’’;
(4) by inserting after paragraph (5) (as redesignated by
paragraph (2)) the following:
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‘‘(6) DEMONSTRATION.—The term ‘demonstration’ means
demonstration of technology in a pilot plant or semi-works
scale facility.’’; and
(5) by striking paragraph (9) (as redesignated by paragraph
(2)) and inserting the following:
‘‘(9) NATIONAL LABORATORY.—The term ‘National Laboratory’ has the meaning given that term in section 2 of the
Energy Policy Act of 2005.’’
(b) COOPERATION AND COORDINATION IN BIOMASS RESEARCH
AND DEVELOPMENT.—Section 304 of the Biomass Research and
Development Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–224; 7 U.S.C. 8101
note) is amended—
(1) in subsections (a) and (d), by striking ‘‘industrial products’’ each place it appears and inserting ‘‘fuels and biobased
products’’;
(2) by striking subsections (b) and (c); and
(3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (b).
(c) BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD.—Section 305
of the Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000 (Public
Law 106–224; 7 U.S.C. 8101 note) is amended—
(1) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking ‘‘industrial products’’ each place it appears and inserting ‘‘fuels and biobased
products’’;
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘304(d)(1)(B)’’ and
inserting ‘‘304(b)(1)(B)’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘304(d)(1)(A)’’ and
inserting ‘‘304(b)(1)(A)’’; and
(3) in subsection (c)—
(A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the
end and inserting a semicolon; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(3) ensure that—
‘‘(A) solicitations are open and competitive with awards
made annually; and
‘‘(B) objectives and evaluation criteria of the solicitations are clearly stated and minimally prescriptive, with
no areas of special interest; and
‘‘(4) ensure that the panel of scientific and technical peers
assembled under section 307(g)(1)(C) to review proposals is
composed predominantly of independent experts selected from
outside the Departments of Agriculture and Energy.’’.
(d) BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TECHNICAL
ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—Section 306 of the Biomass Research and
Development Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–224; 7 U.S.C. 8101
note) is amended—
(1) in subsection (b)(1)—
(A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘biobased industrial products’’ and inserting ‘‘biofuels’’;
(B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (J)
as subparagraphs (C) through (K), respectively;
(C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
‘‘(B) an individual affiliated with the biobased industrial and commercial products industry;’’;
H. R. 6—282
(D) in subparagraph (F) (as redesignated by subparagraph (B)) by striking ‘‘an individual has’’ and inserting
‘‘2 individuals have’’;
(E) in subparagraphs (C), (D), (G), and (I) (as redesignated by subparagraph (B)) by striking ‘‘industrial products’’ each place it appears and inserting ‘‘fuels and
biobased products’’; and
(F) in subparagraph (H) (as redesignated by subparagraph (B)), by inserting ‘‘and environmental’’ before ‘‘analysis’’;
(2) in subsection (c)(2)—
(A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘goals’’ and
inserting ‘‘objectives, purposes, and considerations’’;
(B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as
subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively;
(C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
‘‘(B) solicitations are open and competitive with awards
made annually and that objectives and evaluation criteria
of the solicitations are clearly stated and minimally
prescriptive, with no areas of special interest;’’; and
(D) in subparagraph (C) (as redesignated by subparagraph (B)) by inserting ‘‘predominantly from outside the
Departments of Agriculture and Energy’’ after ‘‘technical
peers’’.
(e) BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE.—Section
307 of the Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000 (Public
Law 106–224; 7 U.S.C. 8101 note) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a), by striking ‘‘research on biobased
industrial products’’ and inserting ‘‘research on, and development and demonstration of, biobased fuels and biobased products, and the methods, practices and technologies, for their
production’’; and
(2) by striking subsections (b) through (e) and inserting
the following:
‘‘(b) OBJECTIVES.—The objectives of the Initiative are to
develop—
‘‘(1) technologies and processes necessary for abundant
commercial production of biobased fuels at prices competitive
with fossil fuels;
‘‘(2) high-value biobased products—
‘‘(A) to enhance the economic viability of biobased fuels
and power; and
‘‘(B) as substitutes for petroleum-based feedstocks and
products; and
‘‘(3) a diversity of sustainable domestic sources of biomass
for conversion to biobased fuels and biobased products.
‘‘(c) PURPOSES.—The purposes of the Initiative are—
‘‘(1) to increase the energy security of the United States;
‘‘(2) to create jobs and enhance the economic development
of the rural economy;
‘‘(3) to enhance the environment and public health; and
‘‘(4) to diversify markets for raw agricultural and forestry
products.
‘‘(d) TECHNICAL AREAS.—To advance the objectives and purposes
of the Initiative, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary
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of Energy, in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and heads of other appropriate departments and agencies (referred to in this section as the ‘Secretaries’),
shall direct research and development toward—
‘‘(1) feedstock production through the development of crops
and cropping systems relevant to production of raw materials
for conversion to biobased fuels and biobased products,
including—
‘‘(A) development of advanced and dedicated crops with
desired features, including enhanced productivity, broader
site range, low requirements for chemical inputs, and
enhanced processing;
‘‘(B) advanced crop production methods to achieve the
features described in subparagraph (A);
‘‘(C) feedstock harvest, handling, transport, and storage; and
‘‘(D) strategies for integrating feedstock production into
existing managed land;
‘‘(2) overcoming recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass through
developing technologies for converting cellulosic biomass into
intermediates that can subsequently be converted into biobased
fuels and biobased products, including—
‘‘(A) pretreatment in combination with enzymatic or
microbial hydrolysis; and
‘‘(B) thermochemical approaches, including gasification
and pyrolysis;
‘‘(3) product diversification through technologies relevant
to production of a range of biobased products (including chemicals, animal feeds, and cogenerated power) that eventually
can increase the feasibility of fuel production in a biorefinery,
including—
‘‘(A) catalytic processing, including thermochemical fuel
production;
‘‘(B) metabolic engineering, enzyme engineering, and
fermentation systems for biological production of desired
products or cogeneration of power;
‘‘(C) product recovery;
‘‘(D) power production technologies; and
‘‘(E) integration into existing biomass processing facilities, including starch ethanol plants, paper mills, and power
plants; and
‘‘(4) analysis that provides strategic guidance for the
application of biomass technologies in accordance with realization of improved sustainability and environmental quality, cost
effectiveness, security, and rural economic development, usually
featuring system-wide approaches.
‘‘(e) ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS.—Within the technical areas
described in subsection (d), and in addition to advancing the purposes described in subsection (c) and the objectives described in
subsection (b), the Secretaries shall support research and development—
‘‘(1) to create continuously expanding opportunities for
participants in existing biofuels production by seeking synergies
and continuity with current technologies and practices, such
as the use of dried distillers grains as a bridge feedstock;
‘‘(2) to maximize the environmental, economic, and social
benefits of production of biobased fuels and biobased products
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on a large scale through life-cycle economic and environmental
analysis and other means; and
‘‘(3) to assess the potential of Federal land and land
management programs as feedstock resources for biobased fuels
and biobased products, consistent with the integrity of soil
and water resources and with other environmental considerations.
‘‘(f) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—To be eligible for a grant, contract,
or assistance under this section, an applicant shall be—
‘‘(1) an institution of higher education;
‘‘(2) a National Laboratory;
‘‘(3) a Federal research agency;
‘‘(4) a State research agency;
‘‘(5) a private sector entity;
‘‘(6) a nonprofit organization; or
‘‘(7) a consortium of two or more entities described in
paragraphs (1) through (6).
‘‘(g) ADMINISTRATION.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—After consultation with the Board, the
points of contact shall—
‘‘(A) publish annually one or more joint requests for
proposals for grants, contracts, and assistance under this
section;
‘‘(B) require that grants, contracts, and assistance
under this section be awarded competitively, on the basis
of merit, after the establishment of procedures that provide
for scientific peer review by an independent panel of scientific and technical peers; and
‘‘(C) give some preference to applications that—
‘‘(i) involve a consortia of experts from multiple
institutions;
‘‘(ii) encourage the integration of disciplines and
application of the best technical resources; and
‘‘(iii) increase the geographic diversity of demonstration projects.
‘‘(2) DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDING BY TECHNICAL AREA.—Of
the funds authorized to be appropriated for activities described
in this section, funds shall be distributed for each of fiscal
years 2007 through 2010 so as to achieve an approximate
distribution of—
‘‘(A) 20 percent of the funds to carry out activities
for feedstock production under subsection (d)(1);
‘‘(B) 45 percent of the funds to carry out activities
for overcoming recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass under
subsection (d)(2);
‘‘(C) 30 percent of the funds to carry out activities
for product diversification under subsection (d)(3); and
‘‘(D) 5 percent of the funds to carry out activities for
strategic guidance under subsection (d)(4).
‘‘(3) DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDING WITHIN EACH TECHNICAL
AREA.—Within each technical area described in paragraphs (1)
through (3) of subsection (d), funds shall be distributed for
each of fiscal years 2007 through 2010 so as to achieve an
approximate distribution of—
‘‘(A) 15 percent of the funds for applied fundamentals;
‘‘(B) 35 percent of the funds for innovation; and
‘‘(C) 50 percent of the funds for demonstration.
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‘‘(4) MATCHING FUNDS.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—A minimum 20 percent funding
match shall be required for demonstration projects under
this title.
‘‘(B) COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS.—A minimum of 50
percent funding match shall be required for commercial
application projects under this title.
‘‘(5) TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION TRANSFER TO AGRICULTURAL USERS.—The Administrator of the Cooperative State
Research, Education, and Extension Service and the Chief of
the Natural Resources Conservation Service shall ensure that
applicable research results and technologies from the Initiative
are adapted, made available, and disseminated through those
services, as appropriate.’’.
(f) ANNUAL REPORTS.—Section 309 of the Biomass Research
and Development Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–224; 7 U.S.C. 8101
note) is amended—
(1) in subsection (b)—
(A) in paragraph (1)—
(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘‘purposes
described in section 307(b)’’ and inserting ‘‘objectives,
purposes, and additional considerations described in
subsections (b) through (e) of section 307’’;
(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the
end;
(iii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D); and
(iv) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
‘‘(C) achieves the distribution of funds described in
paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 307(g); and’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘industrial products’’
and inserting ‘‘fuels and biobased products’’; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(c) UPDATES.—The Secretary and the Secretary of Energy shall
update the Vision and Roadmap documents prepared for Federal
biomass research and development activities.’’.
(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 310(b) of the
Biomass Research and Development Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–
224; 7 U.S.C. 8101 note) is amended by striking ‘‘title $54,000,000
for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2007’’ and inserting ‘‘title
$200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2015’’.
(h) REPEAL OF SUNSET PROVISION.—Section 311 of the Biomass
Research and Development Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–224; 7
U.S.C. 8101 note) is repealed.
SEC. 942. PRODUCTION INCENTIVES FOR CELLULOSIC BIOFUELS.
(a) PURPOSE.—The purpose of this section is to—
(1) accelerate deployment and commercialization of
biofuels;
(2) deliver the first 1,000,000,000 gallons in annual cellulosic biofuels production by 2015;
(3) ensure biofuels produced after 2015 are cost competitive
with gasoline and diesel; and
(4) ensure that small feedstock producers and rural small
businesses are full participants in the development of the cellulosic biofuels industry.
H. R. 6—286
(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) CELLULOSIC BIOFUELS.—The term ‘‘cellulosic biofuels’’
means any fuel that is produced from cellulosic feedstocks.
(2) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term ‘‘eligible entity’’ means a
producer of fuel from cellulosic biofuels the production facility
of which—
(A) is located in the United States;
(B) meets all applicable Federal and State permitting
requirements; and
(C) meets any financial criteria established by the Secretary.
(c) PROGRAM.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary, in consultation with
the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Defense, and
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency,
shall establish an incentive program for the production of cellulosic biofuels.
(2) BASIS OF INCENTIVES.—Under the program, the Secretary shall award production incentives on a per gallon basis
of cellulosic biofuels from eligible entities, through—
(A) set payments per gallon of cellulosic biofuels produced in an amount determined by the Secretary, until
initiation of the first reverse auction; and
(B) reverse auction thereafter.
(3) FIRST REVERSE AUCTION.—The first reverse auction shall
be held on the earlier of—
(A) not later than 1 year after the first year of annual
production in the United States of 100,000,000 gallons
of cellulosic biofuels, as determined by the Secretary; or
(B) not later than 3 years after the date of enactment
of this Act.
(4) REVERSE AUCTION PROCEDURE.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—On initiation of the first reverse
auction, and each year thereafter until the earlier of the
first year of annual production in the United States of
1,000,000,000 gallons of cellulosic biofuels, as determined
by the Secretary, or 10 years after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct a reverse auction
at which—
(i) the Secretary shall solicit bids from eligible
entities;
(ii) eligible entities shall submit—
(I) a desired level of production incentive on
a per gallon basis; and
(II) an estimated annual production amount
in gallons; and
(iii) the Secretary shall issue awards for the
production amount submitted, beginning with the
eligible entity submitting the bid for the lowest level
of production incentive on a per gallon basis and
meeting such other criteria as are established by the
Secretary, until the amount of funds available for the
reverse auction is committed.
(B) AMOUNT OF INCENTIVE RECEIVED.—An eligible
entity selected by the Secretary through a reverse auction
shall receive the amount of performance incentive
H. R. 6—287
requested in the auction for each gallon produced and
sold by the entity during the first 6 years of operation.
(C) COMMENCEMENT OF PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSIC
BIOFUELS.—As a condition of the receipt of an award under
this section, an eligible entity shall enter into an agreement
with the Secretary under which the eligible entity agrees
to begin production of cellulosic biofuels not later than
3 years after the date of the reverse auction in which
the eligible entity participates.
(d) LIMITATIONS.—Awards under this section shall be limited
to—
(1) a per gallon amount determined by the Secretary during
the first 4 years of the program;
(2) a declining per gallon cap over the remaining lifetime
of the program, to be established by the Secretary so that
cellulosic biofuels produced after the first year of annual cellulosic biofuels production in the United States in excess of
1,000,000,000 gallons are cost competitive with gasoline and
diesel;
(3) not more than 25 percent of the funds committed within
each reverse auction to any 1 project;
(4) not more than $100,000,000 in any 1 year; and
(5) not more than $1,000,000,000 over the lifetime of the
program.
(e) PRIORITY.—In selecting a project under the program, the
Secretary shall give priority to projects that—
(1) demonstrate outstanding potential for local and regional
economic development;
(2) include agricultural producers or cooperatives of agricultural producers as equity partners in the ventures; and
(3) have a strategic agreement in place to fairly reward
feedstock suppliers.
(f) AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $250,000,000.
SEC. 943. PROCUREMENT OF BIOBASED PRODUCTS.
(a) FEDERAL PROCUREMENT.—
(1) DEFINITION OF PROCURING AGENCY.—Section 9001 of
the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C.
8101) is amended—
(A) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as
paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), respectively; and
(B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
‘‘(4) PROCURING AGENCY.—The term ‘procuring agency’
means—
‘‘(A) any Federal agency that is using Federal funds
for procurement; or
‘‘(B) any person contracting with any Federal agency
with respect to work performed under the contract.’’.
(2) PROCUREMENT.—Section 9002 of the Farm Security and
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8102) is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘Federal agency’’ each place it appears
(other than in subsections (f) and (g)) and inserting ‘‘procuring agency’’;
(B) in subsection (c)(2)—
(i) by striking ‘‘(2)’’ and all that follows through
‘‘Notwithstanding’’ and inserting the following:
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‘‘(2) FLEXIBILITY.—Notwithstanding’’;
(ii) by striking ‘‘an agency’’ and inserting ‘‘a procuring agency’’; and
(iii) by striking ‘‘the agency’’ and inserting ‘‘the
procuring agency’’;
(C) in subsection (d), by striking ‘‘procured by Federal
agencies’’ and inserting ‘‘procured by procuring agencies’’;
and
(D) in subsection (f), by striking ‘‘Federal agencies’’
and inserting ‘‘procuring agencies’’.
(b) CAPITOL COMPLEX PROCUREMENT.—Section 9002 of the
Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8102)
(as amended by subsection (a)(2)) is amended—
(1) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (k); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:
‘‘(j) INCLUSION.—Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Architect of the Capitol,
the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and the Chief Administrative
Officer of the House of Representatives shall establish procedures
that apply the requirements of this section to procurement for
the Capitol Complex.’’.
(c) EDUCATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Architect of the Capitol shall establish in the Capitol Complex a program of public education
regarding use by the Architect of the Capitol of biobased products.
(2) PURPOSES.—The purposes of the program shall be—
(A) to establish the Capitol Complex as a showcase
for the existence and benefits of biobased products; and
(B) to provide access to further information on biobased
products to occupants and visitors.
(d) PROCEDURE.—Requirements issued under the amendments
made by subsection (b) shall be made in accordance with directives
issued by the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate
and the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 944. SMALL BUSINESS BIOPRODUCT MARKETING AND CERTIFICATION GRANTS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Using amounts made available under subsection (g), the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section
as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall make available on a competitive basis
grants to eligible entities described in subsection (b) for the biobased
product marketing and certification purposes described in subsection (c).
(b) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—An entity eligible for a grant under this
section is any manufacturer of biobased products that—
(A) proposes to use the grant for the biobased product
marketing and certification purposes described in subsection (c); and
(B) has not previously received a grant under this
section.
(2) PREFERENCE.—In making grants under this section,
the Secretary shall provide a preference to an eligible entity
that has fewer than 50 employees.
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(c) BIOBASED PRODUCT MARKETING AND CERTIFICATION GRANT
PURPOSES.—A grant made under this section shall be used—
(1) to provide working capital for marketing of biobased
products; and
(2) to provide for the certification of biobased products
to—
(A) qualify for the label described in section 9002(h)(1)
of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002
(7 U.S.C. 8102(h)(1)); or
(B) meet other biobased standards determined appropriate by the Secretary.
(d) MATCHING FUNDS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Grant recipients shall provide matching
non-Federal funds equal to the amount of the grant received.
(2) EXPENDITURE.—Matching funds shall be expended in
advance of grant funding, so that for every dollar of grant
that is advanced, an equal amount of matching funds shall
have been funded prior to submitting the request for reimbursement.
(e) AMOUNT.—A grant made under this section shall not exceed
$100,000.
(f) ADMINISTRATION.—The Secretary shall establish such
administrative requirements for grants under this section, including
requirements for applications for the grants, as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(g) AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to make grants under this section—
(1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2006; and
(2) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2007 through 2015.
SEC. 945. REGIONAL BIOECONOMY DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Using amounts made available under subsection (g), the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section
as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall make available on a competitive basis
grants to eligible entities described in subsection (b) for the purposes
described in subsection (c).
(b) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—An entity eligible for a grant under
this section is any regional bioeconomy development association,
agricultural or energy trade association, or Land Grant institution
that—
(1) proposes to use the grant for the purposes described
in subsection (c); and
(2) has not previously received a grant under this section.
(c) REGIONAL BIOECONOMY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION GRANT
PURPOSES.—A grant made under this section shall be used to support and promote the growth and development of the bioeconomy
within the region served by the eligible entity, through coordination,
education, outreach, and other endeavors by the eligible entity.
(d) MATCHING FUNDS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Grant recipients shall provide matching
non-Federal funds equal to the amount of the grant received.
(2) EXPENDITURE.—Matching funds shall be expended in
advance of grant funding, so that for every dollar of grant
that is advanced, an equal amount of matching funds shall
have been funded prior to submitting the request for reimbursement.
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(e) ADMINISTRATION.—The Secretary shall establish such
administrative requirements for grants under this section, including
requirements for applications for the grants, as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(f) AMOUNT.—A grant made under this section shall not exceed
$500,000.
(g) AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to make grants under this section—
(1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2006; and
(2) such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years
2007 through 2015.
SEC.
946.
PREPROCESSING
GRANTS.
AND
HARVESTING
DEMONSTRATION
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to
in this section as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall make grants available
on a competitive basis to enterprises owned by agricultural producers, for the purposes of demonstrating cost-effective, cellulosic
biomass innovations in—
(1) preprocessing of feedstocks, including cleaning, separating and sorting, mixing or blending, and chemical or biochemical treatments, to add value and lower the cost of feedstock processing at a biorefinery; or
(2) 1-pass or other efficient, multiple crop harvesting techniques.
(b) LIMITATIONS ON GRANTS.—
(1) NUMBER OF GRANTS.—Not more than 5 demonstration
projects per fiscal year shall be funded under this section.
(2) NON-FEDERAL COST SHARE.—The non-Federal cost share
of a project under this section shall be not less than 20 percent,
as determined by the Secretary.
(c) CONDITION OF GRANT.—To be eligible for a grant for a
project under this section, a recipient of a grant or a participating
entity shall agree to use the material harvested under the project—
(1) to produce ethanol; or
(2) for another energy purpose, such as the generation
of heat or electricity.
(d) AUTHORIZATION FOR APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 947. EDUCATION AND OUTREACH.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish,
within the Department of Agriculture or through an independent
contracting entity, a program of education and outreach on biobased
fuels and biobased products consisting of—
(1) training and technical assistance programs for feedstock
producers to promote producer ownership, investment, and
participation in the operation of processing facilities; and
(2) public education and outreach to familiarize consumers
with the biobased fuels and biobased products.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
SEC. 948. REPORTS.
(a) BIOBASED PRODUCT POTENTIAL.—Not later than 1 year after
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture
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(referred to in this section as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall submit to
the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the
Senate a report that—
(1) describes the economic potential for the United States
of the widespread production and use of commercial and industrial biobased products through calendar year 2025; and
(2) as the maximum extent practicable, identifies the economic potential by product area.
(b) ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC INDICATORS.—Not later than 2 years
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit
to Congress an analysis of economic indicators of the biobased
economy.
Subtitle E—Nuclear Energy
SEC. 951. NUCLEAR ENERGY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct programs of
civilian nuclear energy research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application, including activities described in this subtitle. Programs under this subtitle shall take into consideration
the following objectives:
(1) Enhancing nuclear power’s viability as part of the
United States energy portfolio.
(2) Providing the technical means to reduce the likelihood
of nuclear proliferation.
(3) Maintaining a cadre of nuclear scientists and engineers.
(4) Maintaining National Laboratory and university nuclear
programs, including their infrastructure.
(5) Supporting both individual researchers and multidisciplinary teams of researchers to pioneer new approaches in
nuclear energy, science, and technology.
(6) Developing, planning, constructing, acquiring, and operating special equipment and facilities for the use of researchers.
(7) Supporting technology transfer and other appropriate
activities to assist the nuclear energy industry, and other users
of nuclear science and engineering, including activities
addressing reliability, availability, productivity, component
aging, safety, and security of nuclear power plants.
(8) Reducing the environmental impact of nuclear energyrelated activities.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR CORE PROGRAMS.—
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry
out nuclear energy research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application activities, including activities authorized
under this subtitle, other than those described in subsection (c)—
(1) $330,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(2) $355,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(3) $495,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(c) NUCLEAR INFRASTRUCTURE AND FACILITIES.—There are
authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out activities
under section 955—
(1) $135,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(2) $140,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(3) $145,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
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(d) ALLOCATIONS.—From amounts authorized under subsection
(a), the following sums are authorized:
(1) For activities under section 953—
(A) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $155,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(2) For activities under section 954—
(A) $43,600,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $50,100,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) $56,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(3) For activities under section 957, $6,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2007 through 2009.
(e) LIMITATION.—None of the funds authorized under this section may be used to decommission the Fast Flux Test Facility.
SEC. 952. NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH PROGRAMS.
(a) NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH INITIATIVE.—The Secretary
shall carry out a Nuclear Energy Research Initiative for research
and development related to nuclear energy.
(b) NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS SUPPORT PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall carry out a Nuclear Energy Systems Support Program
to support research and development activities addressing reliability, availability, productivity, component aging, safety, and security of existing nuclear power plants.
(c) NUCLEAR POWER 2010 PROGRAM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a Nuclear
Power 2010 Program, consistent with recommendations of the
Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee of the Department in the report entitled ‘‘A Roadmap to Deploy New Nuclear
Power Plants in the United States by 2010’’ and dated October
2001.
(2) ADMINISTRATION.—The Program shall include—
(A) use of the expertise and capabilities of industry,
institutions of higher education, and National Laboratories
in evaluation of advanced nuclear fuel cycles and fuels
testing;
(B) consideration of a variety of reactor designs suitable
for both developed and developing nations;
(C) participation of international collaborators in
research, development, and design efforts, as appropriate;
and
(D) encouragement for participation by institutions of
higher education and industry.
(d) GENERATION IV NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS INITIATIVE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Initiative to develop an overall
technology plan for and to support research and development
necessary to make an informed technical decision about the
most promising candidates for eventual commercial application.
(2) ADMINISTRATION.—In conducting the Initiative, the Secretary shall examine advanced proliferation-resistant and passively safe reactor designs, including designs that—
(A) are economically competitive with other electric
power generation plants;
(B) have higher efficiency, lower cost, and improved
safety compared to reactors in operation on the date of
enactment of this Act;
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(C) use fuels that are proliferation resistant and have
substantially reduced production of high-level waste per
unit of output; and
(D) use improved instrumentation.
(e) REACTOR PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN.—The Secretary shall
carry out research to examine designs for high-temperature reactors
capable of producing large-scale quantities of hydrogen.
SEC. 953. ADVANCED FUEL CYCLE INITIATIVE.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, acting through the Director
of the Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology, shall
conduct an advanced fuel recycling technology research, development, and demonstration program (referred to in this section as
the ‘‘program’’) to evaluate proliferation-resistant fuel recycling and
transmutation technologies that minimize environmental and public
health and safety impacts as an alternative to aqueous reprocessing
technologies deployed as of the date of enactment of this Act in
support of evaluation of alternative national strategies for spent
nuclear fuel and the Generation IV advanced reactor concepts.
(b) ANNUAL REVIEW.—The program shall be subject to annual
review by the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee of
the Department or other independent entity, as appropriate.
(c) INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.—In carrying out the program,
the Secretary is encouraged to seek opportunities to enhance the
progress of the program through international cooperation.
(d) REPORTS.—The Secretary shall submit, as part of the annual
budget submission of the Department, a report on the activities
of the program.
SEC. 954. UNIVERSITY NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING SUPPORT.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct a program to
invest in human resources and infrastructure in the nuclear sciences
and related fields, including health physics, nuclear engineering,
and radiochemistry, consistent with missions of the Department
related to civilian nuclear research, development, demonstration,
and commercial application.
(b) REQUIREMENTS.—In carrying out the program under this
section, the Secretary shall—
(1) conduct a graduate and undergraduate fellowship program to attract new and talented students, which may include
fellowships for students to spend time at National Laboratories
in the areas of nuclear science, engineering, and health physics
with a member of the National Laboratory staff acting as
a mentor;
(2) conduct a junior faculty research initiation grant program to assist universities in recruiting and retaining new
faculty in the nuclear sciences and engineering by awarding
grants to junior faculty for research on issues related to nuclear
energy engineering and science;
(3) support fundamental nuclear sciences, engineering, and
health physics research through a nuclear engineering education and research program;
(4) encourage collaborative nuclear research among
industry, National Laboratories, and universities; and
(5) support communication and outreach related to nuclear
science, engineering, and health physics.
H. R. 6—294
(c) UNIVERSITY-NATIONAL LABORATORY INTERACTIONS.—The
Secretary shall conduct—
(1) a fellowship program for professors at universities to
spend sabbaticals at National Laboratories in the areas of
nuclear science and technology; and
(2) a visiting scientist program in which National Laboratory staff can spend time in academic nuclear science and
engineering departments.
(d) STRENGTHENING UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND TRAINING REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED INFRASTRUCTURE.—In carrying out the program under this section, the Secretary may support—
(1) converting research reactors from high-enrichment fuels
to
low-enrichment
fuels
and
upgrading
operational
instrumentation;
(2) consortia of universities to broaden access to university
research reactors;
(3) student training programs, in collaboration with the
United States nuclear industry, in relicensing and upgrading
reactors, including through the provision of technical assistance;
and
(4) reactor improvements as part of a taking into consideration effort that emphasizes research, training, and education,
including through the Innovations in Nuclear Infrastructure
and Education Program or any similar program.
(e) OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE.—Funding for a project provided under this section may be used for a portion of the operating
and maintenance costs of a research reactor at a university used
in the project.
(f) DEFINITION.—In this section, the term ‘‘junior faculty’’ means
a faculty member who was awarded a doctorate less than 10 years
before receipt of an award from the grant program described in
subsection (b)(2).
SEC. 955. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CIVILIAN NUCLEAR INFRASTRUCTURE AND FACILITIES.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall operate and maintain
infrastructure and facilities to support the nuclear energy research,
development, demonstration, and commercial application programs,
including radiological facilities management, isotope production,
and facilities management.
(b) DUTIES.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall—
(1) develop an inventory of nuclear science and engineering
facilities, equipment, expertise, and other assets at all of the
National Laboratories;
(2) develop a prioritized list of nuclear science and
engineering plant and equipment improvements needed at each
of the National Laboratories;
(3) consider the available facilities and expertise at all
National Laboratories and emphasize investments which complement rather than duplicate capabilities; and
(4) develop a timeline and a proposed budget for the completion of deferred maintenance on plant and equipment, with
the goal of ensuring that Department programs under this
subtitle will be generally recognized to be among the best
in the world.
(c) PLAN.—The Secretary shall develop a comprehensive plan
for the facilities at the Idaho National Laboratory, especially taking
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into account the resources available at other National Laboratories.
In developing the plan, the Secretary shall—
(1) evaluate the facilities planning processes utilized by
other physical science and engineering research and development institutions, both in the United States and abroad, that
are generally recognized as being among the best in the world,
and consider how those processes might be adapted toward
developing such facilities plan;
(2) avoid duplicating, moving, or transferring nuclear
science and engineering facilities, equipment, expertise, and
other assets that currently exist at other National Laboratories;
(3) consider the establishment of a national transuranic
analytic chemistry laboratory as a user facility at the Idaho
National Laboratory;
(4) include a plan to develop, if feasible, the Advanced
Test Reactor and Test Reactor Area into a user facility that
is more readily accessible to academic and industrial
researchers;
(5) consider the establishment of a fast neutron source
as a user facility;
(6) consider the establishment of new hot cells and the
configuration of hot cells most likely to advance research,
development, demonstration, and commercial application in
nuclear science and engineering, especially in the context of
the condition and availability of these facilities elsewhere in
the National Laboratories; and
(7) include a timeline and a proposed budget for the completion of deferred maintenance on plant and equipment.
(d) TRANSMITTAL TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 1 year after
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit
the plan under subsection (c) to Congress.
SEC. 956. SECURITY OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES.
The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Office of
Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology, shall conduct a research
and development program on cost-effective technologies for
increasing—
(1) the safety of nuclear facilities from natural phenomena;
and
(2) the security of nuclear facilities from deliberate attacks.
SEC. 957. ALTERNATIVES TO INDUSTRIAL RADIOACTIVE SOURCES.
(a) SURVEY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than August 1, 2006, the Secretary shall submit to Congress the results of a survey of
industrial applications of large radioactive sources.
(2) ADMINISTRATION.—The survey shall—
(A) consider well-logging sources as one class of industrial sources;
(B) include information on current domestic and international Department, Department of Defense, State
Department, and commercial programs to manage and dispose of radioactive sources; and
(C) analyze available disposal options for currently
deployed or future sources and, if deficiencies are noted
for either deployed or future sources, recommend legislative
options that Congress may consider to remedy identified
deficiencies.
H. R. 6—296
(b) PLAN.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—In conjunction with the survey conducted
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall establish a research
and development program to develop alternatives to sources
described in subsection (a) that reduce safety, environmental,
or proliferation risks to either workers using the sources or
the public.
(2) ACCELERATORS.—Miniaturized particle accelerators for
well-logging or other industrial applications and portable accelerators for production of short-lived radioactive materials at
an industrial site shall be considered as part of the research
and development efforts.
(3) REPORT.—Not later than August 1, 2006, the Secretary
shall submit to Congress a report describing the details of
the program plan.
Subtitle F—Fossil Energy
SEC. 961. FOSSIL ENERGY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out research,
development, demonstration, and commercial application programs
in fossil energy, including activities under this subtitle, with the
goal of improving the efficiency, effectiveness, and environmental
performance of fossil energy production, upgrading, conversion, and
consumption. Such programs take into consideration the following
objectives:
(1) Increasing the energy conversion efficiency of all forms
of fossil energy through improved technologies.
(2) Decreasing the cost of all fossil energy production,
generation, and delivery.
(3) Promoting diversity of energy supply.
(4) Decreasing the dependence of the United States on
foreign energy supplies.
(5) Improving United States energy security.
(6) Decreasing the environmental impact of energy-related
activities.
(7) Increasing the export of fossil energy-related equipment,
technology, and services from the United States.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out fossil energy
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
activities, including activities authorized under this subtitle—
(1) $611,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(2) $626,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(3) $641,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(c) ALLOCATIONS.—From amounts authorized under subsection
(a), the following sums are authorized:
(1) For activities under section 962—
(A) $367,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $376,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) $394,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(2) For activities under section 964—
(A) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(3) For activities under section 966—
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(A) $1,500,000 for fiscal year 2007; and
(B) $450,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 and 2009.
(4) For the Office of Arctic Energy under section 3197
of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act
for Fiscal Year 2001 (42 U.S.C. 7144d) $25,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2007 through 2009.
(d) EXTENDED AUTHORIZATION.—There are authorized to be
appropriated to the Secretary for the Office of Arctic Energy established under section 3197 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (42 U.S.C. 7144d)
$25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2012.
(e) LIMITATIONS.—
(1) USES.—None of the funds authorized under this section
may be used for Fossil Energy Environmental Restoration or
Import/Export Authorization.
(2) INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—Of the funds
authorized under subsection (c)(2), not less than 20 percent
of the funds appropriated for each fiscal year shall be dedicated
to research and development carried out at institutions of
higher education.
SEC. 962. COAL AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—In addition to the programs authorized under
title IV, the Secretary shall conduct a program of technology
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
for coal and power systems, including programs to facilitate production and generation of coal-based power through—
(1) innovations for existing plants (including mercury
removal);
(2) gasification systems;
(3) advanced combustion systems;
(4) turbines for synthesis gas derived from coal;
(5) carbon capture and sequestration research and development;
(6) coal-derived chemicals and transportation fuels;
(7) liquid fuels derived from low rank coal water slurry;
(8) solid fuels and feedstocks;
(9) advanced coal-related research;
(10) advanced separation technologies; and
(11) fuel cells for the operation of synthesis gas derived
from coal.
(b) COST AND PERFORMANCE GOALS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—In carrying out programs authorized by
this section, during each of calendar years 2008, 2010, 2012,
and 2016, and during each fiscal year beginning after September 30, 2021, the Secretary shall identify cost and performance goals for coal-based technologies that would permit the
continued cost-competitive use of coal for the production of
electricity, chemical feedstocks, and transportation fuels.
(2) ADMINISTRATION.—In establishing the cost and performance goals, the Secretary shall—
(A) consider activities and studies undertaken as of
the date of enactment of this Act by industry in cooperation
with the Department in support of the identification of
the goals;
(B) consult with interested entities, including—
(i) coal producers;
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(ii) industries using coal;
(iii) organizations that promote coal and advanced
coal technologies;
(iv) environmental organizations;
(v) organizations representing workers; and
(vi) organizations representing consumers;
(C) not later than 120 days after the date of enactment
of this Act, publish in the Federal Register proposed draft
cost and performance goals for public comments; and
(D) not later than 180 days after the date of enactment
of this Act and every 4 years thereafter, submit to Congress
a report describing the final cost and performance goals
for the technologies that includes—
(i) a list of technical milestones; and
(ii) an explanation of how programs authorized
in this section will not duplicate the activities authorized under the Clean Coal Power Initiative authorized
under title IV.
(c) POWDER RIVER BASIN AND FORT UNION LIGNITE COAL MERCURY REMOVAL.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—In addition to the programs authorized
by subsection (a), the Secretary shall establish a program to
test and develop technologies to control and remove mercury
emissions from subbituminous coal mined in the Powder River
Basin, and Fort Union lignite coals, that are used for the
generation of electricity.
(2) EFFICACY OF MERCURY REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY.—In carrying out the program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall
examine the efficacy of mercury removal technologies on coals
described in that paragraph that are blended with other types
of coal.
(d) FUEL CELLS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct a program
of research, development, demonstration, and commercial
application on fuel cells for low-cost, high-efficiency, fuelflexible, modular power systems.
(2) DEMONSTRATIONS.—The demonstrations referred to in
paragraph (1) shall include solid oxide fuel cell technology
for commercial, residential, and transportation applications,
and distributed generation systems, using improved manufacturing production and processes.
SEC. 963. CARBON CAPTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a 10-year
carbon capture research and development program to develop
carbon dioxide capture technologies on combustion-based systems
for use—
(1) in new coal utilization facilities; and
(2) on the fleet of coal-based units in existence on the
date of enactment of this Act.
(b) OBJECTIVES.—The objectives of the program under subsection (a) shall be—
(1) to develop carbon dioxide capture technologies, including
adsorption and absorption techniques and chemical processes,
to remove the carbon dioxide from gas streams containing
carbon dioxide potentially amenable to sequestration;
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(2) to develop technologies that would directly produce
concentrated streams of carbon dioxide potentially amenable
to sequestration;
(3) to increase the efficiency of the overall system to reduce
the quantity of carbon dioxide emissions released from the
system per megawatt generated; and
(4) in accordance with the carbon dioxide capture program,
to promote a robust carbon sequestration program and continue
the work of the Department, in conjunction with the private
sector, through regional carbon sequestration partnerships.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—From amounts
authorized under section 961(b), the following sums are authorized
for activities described in subsection (a)(2):
(1) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
(2) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2007; and
(3) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.
SEC. 964. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR COAL MINING TECHNOLOGIES.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall carry out a program
for research and development on coal mining technologies.
(b) COOPERATION.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary
shall cooperate with appropriate Federal agencies, coal producers,
trade associations, equipment manufacturers, institutions of higher
education with mining engineering departments, and other relevant
entities.
(c) PROGRAM.—The research and development activities carried
out under this section shall—
(1) be guided by the mining research and development
priorities identified by the Mining Industry of the Future Program and in the recommendations from relevant reports of
the National Academy of Sciences on mining technologies;
(2) include activities exploring minimization of contaminants in mined coal that contribute to environmental concerns
including development and demonstration of electromagnetic
wave imaging ahead of mining operations;
(3) develop and demonstrate coal bed electromagnetic wave
imaging, spectroscopic reservoir analysis technology, and techniques for horizontal drilling in order to—
(A) identify areas of high coal gas content;
(B) increase methane recovery efficiency;
(C) prevent spoilage of domestic coal reserves; and
(D) minimize water disposal associated with methane
extraction; and
(4) expand mining research capabilities at institutions of
higher education.
SEC. 965. OIL AND GAS RESEARCH PROGRAMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
of oil and gas, including—
(1) exploration and production;
(2) gas hydrates;
(3) reservoir life and extension;
(4) transportation and distribution infrastructure;
(5) ultraclean fuels;
(6) heavy oil, oil shale, and tar sands; and
(7) related environmental research.
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(b) OBJECTIVES.—The objectives of this program shall include
advancing the science and technology available to domestic petroleum producers, particularly independent operators, to minimize
the economic dislocation caused by the decline of domestic supplies
of oil and natural gas resources.
(c) NATURAL GAS AND OIL DEPOSITS REPORT.—Not later than
2 years after the date of enactment of this Act and every 2 years
thereafter, the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with other
appropriate Federal agencies, shall submit to Congress a report
on the latest estimates of natural gas and oil reserves, reserves
growth, and undiscovered resources in Federal and State waters
off the coast of Louisiana, Texas, Alabama, and Mississippi.
(d) INTEGRATED CLEAN POWER AND ENERGY RESEARCH.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTER.—The Secretary shall establish a national center or consortium of excellence in clean
energy and power generation, using the resources of the Clean
Power and Energy Research Consortium in existence on the
date of enactment of this Act, to address the critical dependence
of the United States on energy and the need to reduce emissions.
(2) FOCUS AREAS.—The center or consortium shall conduct
a program of research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application on integrating the following 6 focus
areas:
(A) Efficiency and reliability of gas turbines for power
generation.
(B) Reduction in emissions from power generation.
(C) Promotion of energy conservation issues.
(D) Effectively using alternative fuels and renewable
energy.
(E) Development of advanced materials technology for
oil and gas exploration and use in harsh environments.
(F) Education on energy and power generation issues.
SEC. 966. LOW-VOLUME OIL AND GAS RESERVOIR RESEARCH PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITION OF GIS.—In this section, the term ‘‘GIS’’ means
geographic information systems technology that facilitates the
organization and management of data with a geographic component.
(b) PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall establish a program of
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
to maximize the productive capacity of marginal wells and reservoirs.
(c) DATA COLLECTION.—Under the program, the Secretary shall
collect data on—
(1) the status and location of marginal wells and oil and
gas reservoirs;
(2) the production capacity of marginal wells and oil and
gas reservoirs;
(3) the location of low-pressure gathering facilities and
pipelines; and
(4) the quantity of natural gas vented or flared in association with crude oil production.
(d) ANALYSIS.—Under the program, the Secretary shall—
(1) estimate the remaining producible reserves based on
variable pipeline pressures; and
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(2) recommend measures that will enable the continued
production of those resources.
(e) STUDY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may award a grant to
an organization of States that contain significant numbers of
marginal oil and natural gas wells to conduct an annual study
of low-volume natural gas reservoirs.
(2) ORGANIZATION WITH NO GIS CAPABILITIES.—If an
organization receiving a grant under paragraph (1) does not
have GIS capabilities, the organization shall contract with an
institution of higher education with GIS capabilities.
(3) STATE GEOLOGISTS.—The organization receiving a grant
under paragraph (1) shall collaborate with the State geologist
of each State being studied.
(f) PUBLIC INFORMATION.—The Secretary may use the data
collected and analyzed under this section to produce maps and
literature to disseminate to States to promote conservation of natural gas reserves.
SEC. 967. COMPLEX WELL TECHNOLOGY TESTING FACILITY.
The Secretary, in coordination with industry leaders in
extended research drilling technology, shall establish a Complex
Well Technology Testing Facility at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield
Testing Center to increase the range of extended drilling technologies.
SEC. 968. METHANE HYDRATE RESEARCH.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 (30 U.S.C. 1902 note; Public Law 106–193) is
amended to read as follows:
‘‘SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‘‘This Act may be cited as the ‘Methane Hydrate Research
and Development Act of 2000’.
‘‘SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
‘‘Congress finds that—
‘‘(1) in order to promote energy independence and meet
the increasing demand for energy, the United States will
require a diversified portfolio of substantially increased quantities of electricity, natural gas, and transportation fuels;
‘‘(2) according to the report submitted to Congress by the
National Research Council entitled ‘Charting the Future of
Methane Hydrate Research in the United States’, the total
United States resources of gas hydrates have been estimated
to be on the order of 200,000 trillion cubic feet;
‘‘(3) according to the report of the National Commission
on Energy Policy entitled ‘Ending the Energy Stalemate—A
Bipartisan Strategy to Meet America’s Energy Challenge’, and
dated December 2004, the United States may be endowed with
over one-fourth of the methane hydrate deposits in the world;
‘‘(4) according to the Energy Information Administration,
a shortfall in natural gas supply from conventional and
unconventional sources is expected to occur in or about 2020;
and
‘‘(5) the National Academy of Sciences states that methane
hydrate may have the potential to alleviate the projected shortfall in the natural gas supply.
H. R. 6—302
‘‘SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
‘‘In this Act:
‘‘(1) CONTRACT.—The term ‘contract’ means a procurement
contract within the meaning of section 6303 of title 31, United
States Code.
‘‘(2) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT.—The term ‘cooperative
agreement’ means a cooperative agreement within the meaning
of section 6305 of title 31, United States Code.
‘‘(3) DIRECTOR.—The term ‘Director’ means the Director
of the National Science Foundation.
‘‘(4) GRANT.—The term ‘grant’ means a grant awarded
under a grant agreement (within the meaning of section 6304
of title 31, United States Code).
‘‘(5) INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE.—The term ‘industrial enterprise’ means a private, nongovernmental enterprise that has
an expertise or capability that relates to methane hydrate
research and development.
‘‘(6) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The term ‘institution of higher education’ means an institution of higher education (as defined in section 102 of the Higher Education Act
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002)).
‘‘(7) SECRETARY.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary
of Energy, acting through the Assistant Secretary for Fossil
Energy.
‘‘(8) SECRETARY OF COMMERCE.—The term ‘Secretary of
Commerce’ means the Secretary of Commerce, acting through
the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration.
‘‘(9) SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.—The term ‘Secretary of
Defense’ means the Secretary of Defense, acting through the
Secretary of the Navy.
‘‘(10) SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.—The term ‘Secretary
of the Interior’ means the Secretary of the Interior, acting
through the Director of the United States Geological Survey,
the Director of the Bureau of Land Management, and the
Director of the Minerals Management Service.
‘‘SEC. 4. METHANE HYDRATE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—
‘‘(1) COMMENCEMENT OF PROGRAM.—Not later than 90 days
after the date of enactment of the Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Commercial Application Act of 2005,
the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce,
the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, and
the Director, shall commence a program of methane hydrate
research and development in accordance with this section.
‘‘(2) DESIGNATIONS.—The Secretary, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior,
and the Director shall designate individuals to carry out this
section.
‘‘(3) COORDINATION.—The individual designated by the Secretary shall coordinate all activities within the Department
of Energy relating to methane hydrate research and development.
‘‘(4) MEETINGS.—The individuals designated under paragraph (2) shall meet not later than 180 days after the date
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of enactment of the Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Commercial Application Act of 2005 and not less
frequently than every 180 days thereafter to—
‘‘(A) review the progress of the program under paragraph (1); and
‘‘(B) coordinate interagency research and partnership
efforts in carrying out the program.
‘‘(b) GRANTS, CONTRACTS, COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS, INTERAGENCY FUNDS TRANSFER AGREEMENTS, AND FIELD WORK PROPOSALS.—
‘‘(1) ASSISTANCE AND COORDINATION.—In carrying out the
program of methane hydrate research and development authorized by this section, the Secretary may award grants to, or
enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with, institutions
of higher education, oceanographic institutions, and industrial
enterprises to—
‘‘(A) conduct basic and applied research to identify,
explore, assess, and develop methane hydrate as a commercially viable source of energy;
‘‘(B) identify methane hydrate resources through
remote sensing;
‘‘(C) acquire and reprocess seismic data suitable for
characterizing methane hydrate accumulations;
‘‘(D) assist in developing technologies required for efficient and environmentally sound development of methane
hydrate resources;
‘‘(E) promote education and training in methane
hydrate resource research and resource development
through fellowships or other means for graduate education
and training;
‘‘(F) conduct basic and applied research to assess and
mitigate the environmental impact of hydrate degassing
(including both natural degassing and degassing associated
with commercial development);
‘‘(G) develop technologies to reduce the risks of drilling
through methane hydrates; and
‘‘(H) conduct exploratory drilling, well testing, and
production testing operations on permafrost and nonpermafrost gas hydrates in support of the activities authorized by this paragraph, including drilling of one or more
full-scale production test wells.
‘‘(2) COMPETITIVE PEER REVIEW.—Funds made available
under paragraph (1) shall be made available based on a
competitive process using external scientific peer review of
proposed research.
‘‘(c) METHANE HYDRATES ADVISORY PANEL.—
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish an advisory
panel (including the hiring of appropriate staff) consisting of
representatives of industrial enterprises, institutions of higher
education, oceanographic institutions, State agencies, and
environmental organizations with knowledge and expertise in
the natural gas hydrates field, to—
‘‘(A) assist in developing recommendations and broad
programmatic priorities for the methane hydrate research
and development program carried out under subsection
(a)(1);
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‘‘(B) provide scientific oversight for the methane
hydrates program, including assessing progress toward program goals, evaluating program balance, and providing
recommendations to enhance the quality of the program
over time; and
‘‘(C) not later than 2 years after the date of enactment
of the Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and
Commercial Application Act of 2005, and at such later
dates as the panel considers advisable, submit to Congress—
‘‘(i) an assessment of the methane hydrate research
program; and
‘‘(ii) an assessment of the 5-year research plan
of the Department of Energy.
‘‘(2) CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.—In appointing each member
of the advisory panel established under paragraph (1), the
Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable,
that the appointment of the member does not pose a conflict
of interest with respect to the duties of the member under
this Act.
‘‘(3) MEETINGS.—The advisory panel shall—
‘‘(A) hold the initial meeting of the advisory panel
not later than 180 days after the date of establishment
of the advisory panel; and
‘‘(B) meet biennially thereafter.
‘‘(4) COORDINATION.—The advisory panel shall coordinate
activities of the advisory panel with program managers of the
Department of Energy at appropriate National Laboratories.
‘‘(d) CONSTRUCTION COSTS.—None of the funds made available
to carry out this section may be used for the construction of a
new building or the acquisition, expansion, remodeling, or alteration
of an existing building (including site grading and improvement
and architect fees).
‘‘(e) RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY.—In carrying out subsection (b)(1), the Secretary shall—
‘‘(1) facilitate and develop partnerships among government,
industrial enterprises, and institutions of higher education to
research, identify, assess, and explore methane hydrate
resources;
‘‘(2) undertake programs to develop basic information necessary for promoting long-term interest in methane hydrate
resources as an energy source;
‘‘(3) ensure that the data and information developed
through the program are accessible and widely disseminated
as needed and appropriate;
‘‘(4) promote cooperation among agencies that are developing technologies that may hold promise for methane hydrate
resource development;
‘‘(5) report annually to Congress on the results of actions
taken to carry out this Act; and
‘‘(6) ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, greater
participation by the Department of Energy in international
cooperative efforts.
H. R. 6—305
‘‘SEC. 5. NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL STUDY.
‘‘(a) AGREEMENT FOR STUDY.—The Secretary shall offer to enter
into an agreement with the National Research Council under which
the National Research Council shall—
‘‘(1) conduct a study of the progress made under the
methane hydrate research and development program implemented under this Act; and
‘‘(2) make recommendations for future methane hydrate
research and development needs.
‘‘(b) REPORT.—Not later than September 30, 2009, the Secretary
shall submit to Congress a report containing the findings and
recommendations of the National Research Council under this section.
‘‘SEC. 6. REPORTS AND STUDIES FOR CONGRESS.
‘‘The Secretary shall provide to the Committee on Science of
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and
Natural Resources of the Senate copies of any report or study
that the Department of Energy prepares at the direction of any
committee of Congress relating to the methane hydrate research
and development program implemented under this Act.
‘‘SEC. 7. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
‘‘There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to
carry out this Act, to remain available until expended—
‘‘(1) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
‘‘(2) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
‘‘(3) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
‘‘(4) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2009; and
‘‘(5) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2010.’’.
(b) RECLASSIFICATION.—The Law Revision Counsel shall
reclassify the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act
of 2000 (30 U.S.C. 1902 note; Public Law 106–193) to a new chapter
at the end of title 30, United States Code.
Subtitle G—Science
SEC. 971. SCIENCE.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct, through the
Office of Science, programs of research, development, demonstration, and commercial application in high energy physics, nuclear
physics, biological and environmental research, basic energy
sciences, advanced scientific computing research, and fusion energy
sciences, including activities described in this subtitle. The programs shall include support for facilities and infrastructure, education, outreach, information, analysis, and coordination activities.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities of the
Office of Science, including activities authorized under this subtitle
(including the amounts authorized under the amendment made
by section 976(b) and including basic energy sciences, advanced
scientific and computing research, biological and environmental
research, fusion energy sciences, high energy physics, nuclear
physics, research analysis, and infrastructure support)—
(1) $4,153,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(2) $4,586,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
H. R. 6—306
(3) $5,200,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(c) ALLOCATIONS.—From amounts authorized under subsection
(b), the following sums are authorized:
(1) For activities under the Fusion Energy Sciences program (including activities under section 972)—
(A) $355,500,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $369,500,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(C) $384,800,000 for fiscal year 2009; and
(D) in addition to the amounts authorized under subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), such sums as may be necessary for ITER construction, consistent with the limitations of section 972(c)(5).
(2) For activities under the catalysis research program
under section 973—
(A) $36,500,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $38,200,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year
2009.
(3) For activities under the Systems Biology Program under
section 977 such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal
years 2007 through 2009.
(4) For activities under the Energy and Water Supplies
program under section 979, $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years
2007 through 2009.
(5) For the energy research fellowships programs under
section 984, $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2007 through
2009.
(6) For the advanced scientific computing activities under
section 976—
(A) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(B) $350,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(C) $375,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(7) For the science and engineering education pilot program
under section 983—
(A) $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2007 and 2008;
and
(B) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
(d) INTEGRATED BIOENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.—
In addition to amounts otherwise authorized by this section, there
are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for integrated
bioenergy research and development programs, projects, and activities, $49,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2005 through 2009.
Activities funded under this subsection shall be coordinated with
ongoing related programs of other Federal agencies, including the
Plant Genome Program of the National Science Foundation. Of
the funds authorized under this subsection, at least $5,000,000
for each fiscal year shall be for training and education targeted
to minority and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
SEC. 972. FUSION ENERGY SCIENCES PROGRAM.
(a) DECLARATION OF POLICY.—It shall be the policy of the
United States to conduct research, development, demonstration,
and commercial applications to provide for the scientific,
engineering, and commercial infrastructure necessary to ensure
that the United States is competitive with other countries in providing fusion energy for its own needs and the needs of other
countries, including by demonstrating electric power or hydrogen
H. R. 6—307
production for the United States energy grid using fusion energy
at the earliest date.
(b) PLANNING.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress
a plan (with proposed cost estimates, budgets, and lists of
potential international partners) for the implementation of the
policy described in subsection (a) in a manner that ensures
that—
(A) existing fusion research facilities are more fully
used;
(B) fusion science, technology, theory, advanced computation, modeling, and simulation are strengthened;
(C) new magnetic and inertial fusion research and
development facilities are selected based on scientific
innovation and cost effectiveness, and the potential of the
facilities to advance the goal of practical fusion energy
at the earliest date practicable;
(D) facilities that are selected are funded at a costeffective rate;
(E) communication of scientific results and methods
between the fusion energy science community and the
broader scientific and technology communities is improved;
(F) inertial confinement fusion facilities are used to
the extent practicable for the purpose of inertial fusion
energy research and development;
(G) attractive alternative inertial and magnetic fusion
energy approaches are more fully explored; and
(H) to the extent practicable, the recommendations
of the Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee in the
report on workforce planning, dated March 2004, are carried out, including periodic reassessment of program needs.
(2) COSTS AND SCHEDULES.—The plan shall also address
the status of and, to the extent practicable, costs and schedules
for—
(A) the design and implementation of international
or national facilities for the testing of fusion materials;
and
(B) the design and implementation of international
or national facilities for the testing and development of
key fusion technologies.
(c) UNITED STATES PARTICIPATION IN ITER.—
(1) DEFINITIONS.—In this subsection:
(A) CONSTRUCTION.—
(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘‘construction’’ means—
(I) the physical construction of the ITER
facility; and
(II) the physical construction, purchase, or
manufacture of equipment or components that are
specifically designed for the ITER facility.
(ii) EXCLUSIONS.—The term ‘‘construction’’ does not
include the design of the facility, equipment, or components.
(B) ITER.—The term ‘‘ITER’’ means the international
burning plasma fusion research project in which the President announced United States participation on January
30, 2003, or any similar international project.
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(2) PARTICIPATION.—The United States may participate in
the ITER only in accordance with this subsection.
(3) AGREEMENT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may negotiate an
agreement for United States participation in the ITER.
(B) CONTENTS.—Any agreement for United States
participation in the ITER shall, at a minimum—
(i) clearly define the United States financial contribution to construction and operating costs, as well
as any other costs associated with a project;
(ii) ensure that the share of high-technology components of the ITER manufactured in the United States
is at least proportionate to the United States financial
contribution to the ITER;
(iii) ensure that the United States will not be
financially responsible for cost overruns in components
manufactured in other ITER participating countries;
(iv) guarantee the United States full access to
all data generated by the ITER;
(v) enable United States researchers to propose
and carry out an equitable share of the experiments
at the ITER;
(vi) provide the United States with a role in all
collective decisionmaking related to the ITER; and
(vii) describe the process for discontinuing or
decommissioning the ITER and any United States role
in that process.
(4) PLAN.—
(A) DEVELOPMENT.—The Secretary, in consultation
with the Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, shall
develop a plan for the participation of United States scientists in the ITER that shall include—
(i) the United States research agenda for the ITER;
(ii) methods to evaluate whether the ITER is promoting progress toward making fusion a reliable and
affordable source of power; and
(iii) a description of how work at the ITER will
relate to other elements of the United States fusion
program.
(B) REVIEW.—The Secretary shall request a review of
the plan by the National Academy of Sciences.
(5) LIMITATION.—No Federal funds shall be expended for
the construction of the ITER until the Secretary has submitted
to Congress—
(A) the agreement negotiated in accordance with paragraph (3) and 120 days have elapsed since that submission;
(B) a report describing the management structure of
the ITER and providing a fixed dollar estimate of the
cost of United States participation in the construction of
the ITER, and 120 days have elapsed since that submission;
(C) a report describing how United States participation
in the ITER will be funded without reducing funding for
other programs in the Office of Science (including other
fusion programs), and 60 days have elapsed since that
submission; and
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(D) the plan required by paragraph (4) (but not the
National Academy of Sciences review of that plan), and
60 days have elapsed since that submission.
(6) ALTERNATIVE TO ITER.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—If at any time during the negotiations
on the ITER, the Secretary determines that construction
and operation of the ITER is unlikely or infeasible, the
Secretary shall submit to Congress, along with the budget
request of the President submitted to Congress for the
following fiscal year, a plan for implementing a domestic
burning plasma experiment such as the Fusion Ignition
Research Experiment, including costs and schedules for
the plan.
(B) ADMINISTRATION.—The Secretary shall—
(i) refine the plan in full consultation with the
Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee; and
(ii) transmit the plan to the National Academy
of Sciences for review.
SEC. 973. CATALYSIS RESEARCH PROGRAM.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary, acting through the Office
of Science, shall support a program of research and development
in catalysis science consistent with the statutory authorities of
the Department related to research and development.
(b) COMPONENTS.—The program shall include efforts to—
(1) enable catalyst design using combinations of experimental and mechanistic methodologies coupled with computational modeling of catalytic reactions at the molecular level;
(2) develop techniques for high throughput synthesis, assay,
and characterization at nanometer and subnanometer scales
in-situ under actual operating conditions;
(3) synthesize catalysts with specific site architectures;
(4) conduct research on the use of precious metals for
catalysis; and
(5) translate molecular understanding to the design of catalytic compounds.
(c) DUTIES OF THE OFFICE OF SCIENCE.—In carrying out the
program, the Director of the Office of Science shall—
(1) support both individual investigators and multidisciplinary teams of investigators to pioneer new approaches in
catalytic design;
(2) develop, plan, construct, acquire, share, or operate special equipment or facilities for the use of investigators in
collaboration with national user facilities, such as nanoscience
and engineering centers;
(3) support technology transfer activities to benefit industry
and other users of catalysis science and engineering; and
(4) coordinate research and development activities with
industry and other Federal agencies.
(d) ASSESSMENT.—Not later than 3 years after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into an arrangement
with the National Academy of Sciences to—
(1) review the catalysis program to measure—
(A) gains made in the fundamental science of catalysis;
and
(B) progress towards developing new fuels for energy
production and material fabrication processes; and
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(2) submit to Congress a report describing the results of
the review.
SEC. 974. HYDROGEN.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct a program of
fundamental research and development in support of programs
authorized under title VIII.
(b) METHODS.—The program shall include support for methods
of generating hydrogen without the use of natural gas.
SEC. 975. SOLID STATE LIGHTING.
The Secretary shall conduct a program of fundamental research
on solid state lighting in support of the Next Generation Lighting
Initiative carried out under section 912.
SEC. 976. ADVANCED SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING FOR ENERGY MISSIONS.
(a) PROGRAM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall conduct an advanced
scientific computing research and development program that
includes activities related to applied mathematics and activities
authorized by the Department of Energy High-End Computing
Revitalization Act of 2004 (15 U.S.C. 5541 et seq.).
(2) GOAL.—The Secretary shall carry out the program with
the goal of supporting departmental missions, and providing
the high-performance computational, networking, advanced visualization technologies, and workforce resources, that are
required for world leadership in science.
(b) HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING.—Section 203 of the HighPerformance Computing Act of 1991 (15 U.S.C. 5523) is amended
to read as follows:
‘‘SEC. 203. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ACTIVITIES.
‘‘(a) GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES.—As part of the Program
described in title I, the Secretary of Energy shall—
‘‘(1) conduct and support basic and applied research in
high-performance computing and networking to support fundamental research in science and engineering disciplines related
to energy applications; and
‘‘(2) provide computing and networking infrastructure support, including—
‘‘(A) the provision of high-performance computing systems that are among the most advanced in the world
in terms of performance in solving scientific and
engineering problems; and
‘‘(B) support for advanced software and applications
development for science and engineering disciplines related
to energy applications.
‘‘(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary of Energy such sums as are
necessary to carry out this section.’’.
SEC. 977. SYSTEMS BIOLOGY PROGRAM.
(a) PROGRAM.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish a
research, development, and demonstration program in microbial
and plant systems biology, protein science, and computational
biology to support the energy, national security, and environmental missions of the Department.
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(2) GRANTS.—The program shall support individual
researchers and multidisciplinary teams of researchers through
competitive, merit-reviewed grants.
(3) CONSULTATION.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary shall consult with other Federal agencies that conduct
genetic and protein research.
(b) GOALS.—The program shall have the goal of developing
technologies and methods based on the biological functions of
genomes, microbes, and plants that—
(1) can facilitate the production of fuels, including
hydrogen;
(2) convert carbon dioxide to organic carbon;
(3) detoxify soils and water, including at facilities of the
Department, contaminated with heavy metals and radiological
materials; and
(4) address other Department missions as identified by
the Secretary.
(c) PLAN.—
(1) DEVELOPMENT OF PLAN.—Not later than 1 year after
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare
and transmit to Congress a research plan describing how the
program authorized pursuant to this section will be undertaken
to accomplish the program goals established in subsection (b).
(2) REVIEW OF PLAN.—The Secretary shall contract with
the National Academy of Sciences to review the research plan
developed under this subsection. The Secretary shall transmit
the review to Congress not later than 18 months after transmittal of the research plan under paragraph (1), along with
the Secretary’s response to the recommendations contained in
the review.
(d) USER FACILITIES AND ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT.—Within the
funds authorized to be appropriated pursuant to this subtitle,
amounts shall be available for projects to develop, plan, construct,
acquire, or operate special equipment, instrumentation, or facilities,
including user facilities at National Laboratories, for researchers
conducting research, development, demonstration, and commercial
application in systems biology and proteomics and associated
biological disciplines.
(e) PROHIBITION ON BIOMEDICAL AND HUMAN CELL AND HUMAN
SUBJECT RESEARCH.—
(1) NO BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH.—In carrying out the program under this section, the Secretary shall not conduct biomedical research.
(2) LIMITATIONS.—Nothing in this section shall authorize
the Secretary to conduct any research or demonstrations—
(A) on human cells or human subjects; or
(B) designed to have direct application with respect
to human cells or human subjects.
SEC. 978. FISSION AND FUSION ENERGY MATERIALS RESEARCH PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Along with the budget request of the President submitted to Congress for fiscal year 2007, the Secretary
shall establish a research and development program on material
science issues presented by advanced fission reactors and the fusion
energy program of the Department.
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(b) ADMINISTRATION.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary shall develop—
(1) a catalog of material properties required for applications
described in subsection (a);
(2) theoretical models for materials possessing the required
properties;
(3) benchmark models against existing data; and
(4) a roadmap to guide further research and development
in the area covered by the program.
SEC. 979. ENERGY AND WATER SUPPLIES.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a program
of research, development, demonstration, and commercial application to—
(1) address energy-related issues associated with provision
of adequate water supplies, optimal management, and efficient
use of water;
(2) address water-related issues associated with the provision of adequate supplies, optimal management, and efficient
use of energy; and
(3) assess the effectiveness of existing programs within
the Department and other Federal agencies to address these
energy and water related issues.
(b) PROGRAM ELEMENTS.—The program under this section shall
include—
(1) arsenic treatment;
(2) desalination; and
(3) planning, analysis, and modeling of energy and water
supply and demand.
(c) COLLABORATION.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary
shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of the Interior, the Chief Engineer of
the Army Corps of Engineers, the Secretary of Commerce, the
Secretary of Defense, and other Federal agencies as appropriate.
(d) FACILITIES.—The Secretary may utilize all existing facilities
within the Department and may design and construct additional
facilities as needed to carry out the purposes of this program.
(e) ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—The Secretary shall establish or
utilize an advisory committee to provide independent advice and
review of the program.
(f) REPORTS.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on
the assessment described in subsection (b) and recommendations
for future actions.
SEC. 980. SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) SING.—The term ‘‘SING’’ means the Spallation Neutron
Source Instruments Next Generation major item of equipment.
(2) SNS POWER UPGRADE.—The term ‘‘SNS power upgrade’’
means the Spallation Neutron Source power upgrade described
in the 20-year facilities plan of the Office of Science of the
Department.
(3) SNS SECOND TARGET STATION.—The term ‘‘SNS second
target station’’ means the Spallation Neutron Source second
target station described in the 20-year facilities plan of the
Office of Science of the Department.
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(4) SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE FACILITY.—The terms
‘‘Spallation Neutron Source Facility’’ and ‘‘Facility’’ mean the
completed Spallation Neutron Source scientific user facility
located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
(5) SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE PROJECT.—The terms
‘‘Spallation Neutron Source Project’’ and ‘‘Project’’ means
Department Project 99–E–334, Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
(b) SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE PROJECT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall submit to Congress,
as part of the annual budget request of the President submitted
to Congress, a report on progress on the Spallation Neutron
Source Project.
(2) CONTENTS.—The report shall include for the Project—
(A) a description of the achievement of milestones;
(B) a comparison of actual costs to estimated costs;
and
(C) any changes in estimated Project costs or schedule.
(c) SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE FACILITY PLAN.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall develop an operational plan for the Spallation Neutron Source Facility that
ensures that the Facility is employed to the full capability
of the Facility in support of the study of advanced materials,
nanoscience, and other missions of the Office of Science of
the Department.
(2) PLAN.—The operational plan shall—
(A) include a plan for the operation of an effective
scientific user program that—
(i) is based on peer review of proposals submitted
for use of the Facility;
(ii) includes scientific and technical support to
ensure that external users, including researchers based
at institutions of higher education, are able to make
full use of a variety of high quality scientific
instruments; and
(iii) phases in systems upgrades to ensure that
the Facility remains at the forefront of international
scientific endeavors in the field of the Facility throughout the operating life of the Facility;
(B) include an ongoing program to develop new
instruments that builds on the high performance neutron
source and that allows neutron scattering techniques to
be applied to a growing range of scientific problems and
disciplines; and
(C) address the status of and, to the maximum extent
practicable, costs and schedules for—
(i) full user mode operations of the Facility;
(ii) instrumentation built at the Facility during
the operating phase through full use of the experimental hall, including the SING;
(iii) the SNS power upgrade; and
(iv) the SNS second target station.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
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(1) SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE PROJECT.—There is
authorized to be appropriated to carry out the Spallation Neutron Source Project for the lifetime of the Project $1,411,700,000
for total project costs, of which—
(A) $1,192,700,000 shall be used for the costs of
construction; and
(B) $219,000,000 shall be used for other Project costs.
(2) SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE FACILITY.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph
(B), there is authorized to be appropriated for the Spallation Neutron Source Facility for—
(i) the SING, $75,000,000 for each of fiscal year
2007 through 2009; and
(ii) the SNS power upgrade, $160,000,000, to
remain available until expended.
(B) INSUFFICIENT STOCKPILES OF HEAVY WATER.—If
stockpiles of heavy water of the Department are insufficient
to meet the needs of the Facility, there is authorized to
be appropriated for the Facility $12,000,000 for fiscal year
2007.
SEC. 981. RARE ISOTOPE ACCELERATOR.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall construct and operate
a Rare Isotope Accelerator. The Secretary shall commence construction no later than September 30, 2008.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums as may be necessary
to carry out this section. The Secretary shall not spend more than
$1,100,000,000 in Federal funds for all activities associated with
the Rare Isotope Accelerator, prior to operation of the Accelerator.
SEC. 982. OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION.
The Secretary, through the Office of Scientific and Technical
Information, shall maintain within the Department publicly available collections of scientific and technical information resulting
from research, development, demonstration, and commercial
applications activities supported by the Department.
SEC. 983. SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING EDUCATION PILOT PROGRAM.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PILOT PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall
award a grant to a Southeastern United States consortium of major
research universities that currently advances science and education
by partnering with National Laboratories, to establish a regional
pilot program of its SEEK–16 program for enhancing scientific,
technological, engineering, and mathematical literacy, creativity,
and decision-making. The consortium shall include leading research
universities, one or more universities that train substantial numbers of elementary and secondary school teachers, and (where appropriate) National Laboratories.
(b) PROGRAM ELEMENTS.—The regional pilot program shall
include—
(1) expanding strategic, formal partnerships among universities with strength in research, universities that train substantial numbers of elementary and secondary school teachers, and
the private sector;
(2) combining Department expertise with one or more
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Educator
Resource Centers;
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(3) developing programs to permit current and future
teachers to participate in ongoing research projects at National
Laboratories and research universities and to adapt lessons
learned to the classroom;
(4) designing and implementing course work;
(5) designing and implementing a strategy for measuring
and assessing progress under the program; and
(6) developing models for transferring knowledge gained
under the pilot program to other institutions and areas of
the United States.
(c) CATEGORIZATION.—A grant under this section shall be
considered an authorized activity under section 3165 of the Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act (42 U.S.C.
7381b).
(d) REPORT.—No later than 2 years after the award of the
grant, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report outlining
lessons learned and, if determined appropriate by the Secretary,
containing a plan for expanding the program throughout the United
States.
SEC. 984. ENERGY RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS.
(a) POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall
establish a program under which the Secretary provides fellowships
to encourage outstanding young scientists and engineers to pursue
postdoctoral research appointments in energy research and development at institutions of higher education of their choice.
(b) SENIOR RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish a program
under which the Secretary provides fellowships to allow outstanding senior researchers and their research groups in energy
research and development to explore research and development
topics of their choosing for a period of not less than 3 years,
to be determined by the Secretary.
(2) CONSIDERATION.—In providing a fellowship under the
program described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider—
(A) the past scientific or technical accomplishment of
a senior researcher; and
(B) the potential for continued accomplishment by the
researcher during the period of the fellowship.
SEC. 984A. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary is authorized to establish a
Science and Technology Scholarship Program to award scholarships
to individuals that is designed to recruit and prepare students
for careers in the Department and National Laboratories.
(b) SERVICE REQUIREMENT.—The Secretary may require that
an individual receiving a scholarship under this section serve as
a full-time employee of the Department or a National Laboratory
for a fixed period in return for receiving the scholarship.
Subtitle H—International Cooperation
SEC. 985. WESTERN HEMISPHERE ENERGY COOPERATION.
(a) PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall carry out a program to
promote cooperation on energy issues with countries of the Western
Hemisphere.
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(b) ACTIVITIES.—Under the program, the Secretary shall fund
activities to work with countries of the Western Hemisphere to—
(1) increase the production of energy supplies;
(2) improve energy efficiency; and
(3) assist in the development and transfer of energy supply
and efficiency technologies that would have a beneficial impact
on world energy markets.
(c) PARTICIPATION BY INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—
To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall carry out the program
under this section with the participation of institutions of higher
education so as to take advantage of the acceptance of institutions
of higher education by countries of the Western Hemisphere as
sources of unbiased technical and policy expertise when assisting
the Secretary in—
(1) evaluating new technologies;
(2) resolving technical issues;
(3) working with those countries in the development of
new policies; and
(4) training policymakers, particularly in the case of institutions of higher education that involve the participation of
minority students, such as—
(A) Hispanic-serving institutions; and
(B) part B institutions.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section—
(1) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2007;
(2) $13,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(3) $16,000,000 for fiscal year 2009.
SEC. 986. COOPERATION BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND ISRAEL.
(a) FINDINGS.—Congress finds that—
(1) on February 1, 1996, the United States and Israel
signed the agreement entitled ‘‘Agreement between the Department of Energy of the United States of America and the Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure of Israel Concerning Energy
Cooperation’’ (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Agreement’’),
to establish a framework for collaboration between the United
States and Israel in energy research and development activities;
(2) the Agreement entered into force in February 2000;
(3) in February 2005, the Agreement was automatically
renewed for 1 additional 5-year period pursuant to Article
X of the Agreement; and
(4) under the Agreement, the United States and Israel
may cooperate in energy research and development in a variety
of alternative and advanced energy sectors.
(b) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 90 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee
on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Energy
and Commerce and the Committee on International Relations of
the House of Representatives a report that describes—
(1) the ways in which the United States and Israel have
cooperated on energy research and development activities under
the Agreement;
(2) projects initiated pursuant to the Agreement; and
(3) plans for future cooperation and joint projects under
the Agreement.
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(c) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that
energy cooperation between the Governments of the United States
and Israel is mutually beneficial in the development of energy
technology.
SEC. 986A. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY TRAINING.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of the Interior, and Secretary
of State, and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, shall
coordinate training and outreach efforts for international commercial energy markets in countries with developing and restructuring
economies.
(b) COMPONENTS.—The training and outreach efforts referred
to in subsection (a) may include—
(1) production-related fiscal regimes;
(2) grid and network issues;
(3) energy user and demand side response;
(4) international trade of energy; and
(5) international transportation of energy.
(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,500,000 for each
of fiscal years 2007 through 2010.
Subtitle I—Research Administration and
Operations
SEC. 987. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.
Funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department under
this Act or an amendment made by this Act shall remain available
until expended.
SEC. 988. COST SHARING.
(a) APPLICABILITY.—Notwithstanding any other provision of
law, in carrying out a research, development, demonstration, or
commercial application program or activity that is initiated after
the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall require
cost-sharing in accordance with this section.
(b) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraphs (2)
and (3) and subsection (f), the Secretary shall require not
less than 20 percent of the cost of a research or development
activity described in subsection (a) to be provided by a nonFederal source.
(2) EXCLUSION.—Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a research
or development activity described in subsection (a) that is of
a basic or fundamental nature, as determined by the appropriate officer of the Department.
(3) REDUCTION.—The Secretary may reduce or eliminate
the requirement of paragraph (1) for a research and development activity of an applied nature if the Secretary determines
that the reduction is necessary and appropriate.
(c) DEMONSTRATION AND COMMERCIAL APPLICATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2) and
subsection (f), the Secretary shall require that not less than
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50 percent of the cost of a demonstration or commercial application activity described in subsection (a) to be provided by a
non-Federal source.
(2) REDUCTION OF NON-FEDERAL SHARE.—The Secretary
may reduce the non-Federal share required under paragraph
(1) if the Secretary determines the reduction to be necessary
and appropriate, taking into consideration any technological
risk relating to the activity.
(d) CALCULATION OF AMOUNT.—In calculating the amount of
a non-Federal contribution under this section, the Secretary—
(1) may include allowable costs in accordance with the
applicable cost principles, including—
(A) cash;
(B) personnel costs;
(C) the value of a service, other resource, or third
party in-kind contribution determined in accordance with
the applicable circular of the Office of Management and
Budget;
(D) indirect costs or facilities and administrative costs;
or
(E) any funds received under the power program of
the Tennessee Valley Authority (except to the extent that
such funds are made available under an annual appropriation Act); and
(2) shall not include—
(A) revenues or royalties from the prospective operation
of an activity beyond the time considered in the award;
(B) proceeds from the prospective sale of an asset of
an activity; or
(C) other appropriated Federal funds.
(e) REPAYMENT OF FEDERAL SHARE.—The Secretary shall not
require repayment of the Federal share of a cost-shared activity
under this section as a condition of making an award.
(f) EXCLUSIONS.—This section shall not apply to—
(1) a cooperative research and development agreement
under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980
(15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.);
(2) a fee charged for the use of a Department facility;
or
(3) an award under—
(A) the small business innovation research program
under section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638);
or
(B) the small business technology transfer program
under that section.
SEC. 989. MERIT REVIEW OF PROPOSALS.
(a) AWARDS.—Awards of funds authorized under this Act or
an amendment made by this Act shall be made only after an
impartial review of the scientific and technical merit of the proposals for the awards has been carried out by or for the Department.
(b) COMPETITION.—Competitive awards under this Act shall
involve competitions open to all qualified entities within one or
more of the following categories:
(1) Institutions of higher education.
(2) National Laboratories.
(3) Nonprofit and for-profit private entities.
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(4) State and local governments.
(5) Consortia of entities described in paragraphs (1) through
(4).
(c) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that
research, development, demonstration, and commercial application
activities carried out by the Department should be awarded using
competitive procedures, to the maximum extent practicable.
SEC. 990. EXTERNAL TECHNICAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENTAL PROGRAMS.
(a) NATIONAL ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ADVISORY
BOARDS.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish one or
more advisory boards to review research, development, demonstration, and commercial application programs of the Department in energy efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy,
and fossil energy.
(2) ALTERNATIVES.—The Secretary may—
(A) designate an existing advisory board within the
Department to fulfill the responsibilities of an advisory
board under this section; and
(B) enter into appropriate arrangements with the
National Academy of Sciences to establish such an advisory
board.
(b) USE OF EXISTING COMMITTEES.—The Secretary shall continue to use the scientific program advisory committees chartered
under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) by
the Office of Science to oversee research and development programs
under that Office.
(c) MEMBERSHIP.—Each advisory board under this section shall
consist of persons with appropriate expertise representing a diverse
range of interests.
(d) MEETINGS AND GOALS.—
(1) MEETINGS.—Each advisory board under this section
shall meet at least semiannually to review and advise on the
progress made by the respective one or more research, development, demonstration, and commercial application programs.
(2) GOALS.—The advisory board shall review the measurable cost and performance-based goals for the programs as
established under section 902, and the progress on meeting
the goals.
(e) PERIODIC REVIEWS AND ASSESSMENTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall enter into appropriate
arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to conduct
periodic reviews and assessments of—
(A) the research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application programs authorized by this Act
and amendments made by this Act;
(B) the measurable cost and performance-based goals
for the programs as established under section 902, if any;
and
(C) the progress on meeting the goals.
(2) TIMING.—The reviews and assessments shall be conducted every 5 years or more often as the Secretary considers
necessary.
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(3) REPORTS.—The Secretary shall submit to Congress
reports describing the results of all the reviews and assessments.
SEC. 991. NATIONAL LABORATORY DESIGNATION.
After the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall
not designate a facility that is not listed in section 2(3) as a
National Laboratory.
SEC. 992. REPORT ON EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY PRACTICES.
Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this
Act, and biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the equal employment opportunity practices at
National Laboratories. Such report shall include—
(1) a thorough review of each National Laboratory contractor’s equal employment opportunity policies, including promotion to management and professional positions and pay
raises;
(2) a statistical report on complaints and their disposition
in the National Laboratories;
(3) a description of how equal employment opportunity
practices at the National Laboratories are treated in the contract and in calculating award fees for each contractor;
(4) a summary of disciplinary actions and their disposition
by either the Department or the relevant contractors for each
National Laboratory;
(5) a summary of outreach efforts to attract women and
minorities to the National Laboratories;
(6) a summary of efforts to retain women and minorities
in the National Laboratories; and
(7) a summary of collaboration efforts with the Office of
Federal Contract Compliance Programs to improve equal
employment opportunity practices at the National Laboratories.
SEC. 993. STRATEGY AND PLAN FOR SCIENCE AND ENERGY FACILITIES
AND INFRASTRUCTURE.
(a) FACILITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE POLICY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall develop and implement a strategy for facilities and infrastructure supported primarily from the Office of Science, the Office of Energy Efficiency
and Renewable Energy, the Office of Fossil Energy, or the
Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology Programs
at all National Laboratories and single-purpose research facilities.
(2) STRATEGY.—The strategy shall provide cost-effective
means for—
(A) maintaining existing facilities and infrastructure;
(B) closing unneeded facilities;
(C) making facility modifications; and
(D) building new facilities.
(b) REPORT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall prepare and submit,
along with the budget request of the President submitted to
Congress for fiscal year 2008, a report describing the strategy
developed under subsection (a).
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(2) CONTENTS.—For each National Laboratory and singlepurpose research facility that is primarily used for science
and energy research, the report shall contain—
(A) the current priority list of proposed facilities and
infrastructure projects, including cost and schedule requirements;
(B) a current 10-year plan that demonstrates the
reconfiguration of its facilities and infrastructure to meet
its missions and to address its long-term operational costs
and return on investment;
(C) the total current budget for all facilities and infrastructure funding; and
(D) the current status of each facility and infrastructure project compared to the original baseline cost,
schedule, and scope.
SEC.
994.
STRATEGIC RESEARCH
COORDINATION PLAN.
PORTFOLIO
ANALYSIS
AND
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall periodically review all
of the science and technology activities of the Department in a
strategic framework that takes into account both the frontiers of
science to which the Department can contribute and the national
needs relevant to the Department’s statutory missions.
(b) COORDINATION ANALYSIS AND PLAN.—As part of the review
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall develop a coordination
plan to improve coordination and collaboration in research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities across
Department organizational boundaries.
(c) PLAN CONTENTS.—The plan shall describe—
(1) cross-cutting scientific and technical issues and research
questions that span more than one program or major office
of the Department;
(2) how the applied technology programs of the Department
are coordinating their activities, and addressing those questions;
(3) ways in which the technical interchange within the
Department, particularly between the Office of Science and
the applied technology programs, can be enhanced, including
ways in which the research agendas of the Office of Science
and the applied programs can interact and assist each other;
(4) a description of how the Secretary will ensure that
the Department’s overall research agenda include, in addition
to fundamental, curiosity-driven research, fundamental
research related to topics of concern to the applied programs,
and applications in Departmental technology programs of
research results generated by fundamental, curiosity-driven
research.
(d) PLAN TRANSMITTAL.—Not later than 12 months after the
date of enactment of this Act, and every 4 years thereafter, the
Secretary shall transmit to Congress the results of the review
under subsection (a) and the coordination plan under subsection
(b).
SEC. 995. COMPETITIVE AWARD OF MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS.
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary by this title may be used to award a management and
operating contract for a National Laboratory (excluding those named
in subparagraphs (G), (H), (N), and (O) of section 2 (3)), unless
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such contract is competitively awarded, or the Secretary grants,
on a case-by-case basis, a waiver. The Secretary may not delegate
the authority to grant such a waiver and shall submit to Congress
a report notifying it of the waiver, and setting forth the reasons
for the waiver, at least 60 days prior to the date of the award
of such contract.
SEC. 996. WESTERN MICHIGAN DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.
The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency,
in consultation with the State of Michigan and affected local officials, shall conduct a demonstration project to address the effect
of transported ozone and ozone precursors in Southwestern
Michigan. The demonstration program shall address projected nonattainment areas in Southwestern Michigan that include counties
with design values for ozone of less than .095 based on years
2000 to 2002 or the most current 3-year period of air quality
data. The Administrator shall assess any difficulties such areas
may experience in meeting the 8-hour national ambient air quality
standard for ozone due to the effect of transported ozone or ozone
precursors into the areas. The Administrator shall work with State
and local officials to determine the extent of ozone and ozone
precursor transport, to assess alternatives to achieve compliance
with the 8-hour standard apart from local controls, and to determine
the timeframe in which such compliance could take place. The
Administrator shall complete this demonstration project no later
than 2 years after the date of enactment of this section and shall
not impose any requirement or sanction under the Clean Air Act
(42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) that might otherwise apply during the
pendency of the demonstration project.
SEC. 997. ARCTIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary and the United States Arctic Research
Commission, shall provide annual grants to a university located
adjacent to the Arctic Energy Office of the Department of Energy,
to establish and operate a university research center to be
headquartered in Fairbanks and to be known as the ‘‘Arctic
Engineering Research Center’’ (referred to in this section as the
‘‘Center’’).
(b) PURPOSE.—The purpose of the Center shall be to conduct
research on, and develop improved methods of, construction and
use of materials to improve the overall performance of roads,
bridges, residential, commercial, and industrial structures, and
other infrastructure in the Arctic region, with an emphasis on
developing—
(1) new construction techniques for roads, bridges, rail,
and related transportation infrastructure and residential,
commercial, and industrial infrastructure that are capable of
withstanding the Arctic environment and using limited energy
resources as efficiently as practicable;
(2) technologies and procedures for increasing road, bridge,
rail, and related transportation infrastructure and residential,
commercial, and industrial infrastructure safety, reliability, and
integrity in the Arctic region;
(3) new materials and improving the performance and
energy efficiency of existing materials for the construction of
roads, bridges, rail, and related transportation infrastructure
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and residential, commercial, and industrial infrastructure in
the Arctic region; and
(4) recommendations for new local, regional, and State
permitting and building codes to ensure transportation and
building safety and efficient energy use when constructing,
using, and occupying such infrastructure in the Arctic region.
(c) OBJECTIVES.—The Center shall carry out—
(1) basic and applied research in the subjects described
in subsection (b), the products of which shall be judged by
peers or other experts in the field to advance the body of
knowledge in road, bridge, rail, and infrastructure engineering
in the Arctic region; and
(2) an ongoing program of technology transfer that makes
research results available to potential users in a form that
can be implemented.
(d) AMOUNT OF GRANT.—For each of fiscal years 2006 through
2011, the Secretary shall provide a grant in the amount of
$3,000,000 to the institution specified in subsection (a) to carry
out this section.
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $3,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2011.
SEC. 998. BARROW GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH FACILITY.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary of Commerce, in consultation with the Secretaries of Energy and the Interior, the Director
of the National Science Foundation, and the Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency, shall establish a joint research
facility in Barrow, Alaska, to be known as the ‘‘Barrow Geophysical
Research Facility’’, to support scientific research activities in the
Arctic.
(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretaries of Commerce, Energy, and
the Interior, the Director of the National Science Foundation, and
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency for the
planning, design, construction, and support of the Barrow Geophysical Research Facility, $61,000,000.
Subtitle J—Ultra-Deepwater and Unconventional Natural Gas and Other Petroleum Resources
SEC. 999A. PROGRAM AUTHORITY.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a program
under this subtitle of research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application of technologies for ultra-deepwater and
unconventional natural gas and other petroleum resource exploration and production, including addressing the technology challenges for small producers, safe operations, and environmental mitigation (including reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and sequestration of carbon).
(b) PROGRAM ELEMENTS.—The program under this subtitle shall
address the following areas, including improving safety and minimizing environmental impacts of activities within each area:
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(1) Ultra-deepwater architecture and technology, including
drilling to formations in the Outer Continental Shelf to depths
greater than 15,000 feet.
(2) Unconventional natural gas and other petroleum
resource exploration and production technology.
(3) The technology challenges of small producers.
(4) Complementary research performed by the National
Energy Technology Laboratory for the Department.
(c) LIMITATION ON LOCATION OF FIELD ACTIVITIES.—Field activities under the program under this subtitle shall be carried out
only—
(1) in—
(A) areas in the territorial waters of the United States
not under any Outer Continental Shelf moratorium as of
September 30, 2002;
(B) areas onshore in the United States on public land
administered by the Secretary of the Interior available
for oil and gas leasing, where consistent with applicable
law and land use plans; and
(C) areas onshore in the United States on State or
private land, subject to applicable law; and
(2) with the approval of the appropriate Federal or State
land management agency or private land owner.
(d) ACTIVITIES AT THE NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY.—The Secretary, through the National Energy Technology
Laboratory, shall carry out a program of research and other activities complementary to and supportive of the research programs
under subsection (b).
(e) CONSULTATION WITH SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.—In carrying out this subtitle, the Secretary shall consult regularly with
the Secretary of the Interior.
SEC. 999B. ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND UNCONVENTIONAL ONSHORE NATURAL GAS AND OTHER PETROLEUM RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out the activities
under section 999A, to maximize the value of natural gas and
other petroleum resources of the United States, by increasing the
supply of such resources, through reducing the cost and increasing
the efficiency of exploration for and production of such resources,
while improving safety and minimizing environmental impacts.
(b) ROLE OF THE SECRETARY.—The Secretary shall have ultimate responsibility for, and oversight of, all aspects of the program
under this section.
(c) ROLE OF THE PROGRAM CONSORTIUM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall contract with a corporation that is structured as a consortium to administer the
programmatic activities outlined in this chapter. The program
consortium shall—
(A) administer the program pursuant to subsection
(f)(3), utilizing program administration funds only;
(B) issue research project solicitations upon approval
of the Secretary or the Secretary’s designee;
(C) make project awards to research performers upon
approval of the Secretary or the Secretary’s designee;
(D) disburse research funds to research performers
awarded under subsection (f) as directed by the Secretary
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in accordance with the annual plan under subsection (e);
and
(E) carry out other activities assigned to the program
consortium by this section.
(2) LIMITATION.—The Secretary may not assign any activities to the program consortium except as specifically authorized
under this section.
(3) CONFLICT OF INTEREST.—
(A) PROCEDURES.—The Secretary shall establish procedures—
(i) to ensure that each board member, officer, or
employee of the program consortium who is in a
decisionmaking capacity under subsection (f)(3) shall
disclose to the Secretary any financial interests in,
or financial relationships with, applicants for or recipients of awards under this section, including those of
his or her spouse or minor child, unless such relationships or interests would be considered to be remote
or inconsequential; and
(ii) to require any board member, officer, or
employee with a financial relationship or interest disclosed under clause (i) to recuse himself or herself
from any oversight under subsection (f)(4) with respect
to such applicant or recipient.
(B) FAILURE TO COMPLY.—The Secretary may disqualify
an application or revoke an award under this section if
a board member, officer, or employee has failed to comply
with procedures required under subparagraph (A)(ii).
(d) SELECTION OF THE PROGRAM CONSORTIUM.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall select the program
consortium through an open, competitive process.
(2) MEMBERS.—The program consortium may include corporations, trade associations, institutions of higher education,
National Laboratories, or other research institutions. After
submitting a proposal under paragraph (4), the program consortium may not add members without the consent of the Secretary.
(3) REQUIREMENT OF SECTION 501(c)(3) STATUS.—The Secretary shall not select a consortium under this section unless
such consortium is an organization described in section 501(c)(3)
of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax
under such section 501(a) of such Code.
(4) SCHEDULE.—Not later than 90 days after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall solicit proposals
from eligible consortia to perform the duties in subsection (c)(1),
which shall be submitted not later than 180 days after the
date of enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall select the
program consortium not later than 270 days after such date
of enactment.
(5) APPLICATION.—Applicants shall submit a proposal
including such information as the Secretary may require. At
a minimum, each proposal shall—
(A) list all members of the consortium;
(B) fully describe the structure of the consortium,
including any provisions relating to intellectual property;
and
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(C) describe how the applicant would carry out the
activities of the program consortium under this section.
(6) ELIGIBILITY.—To be eligible to be selected as the program consortium, an applicant must be an entity whose members have collectively demonstrated capabilities and experience
in planning and managing research, development, demonstration, and commercial application programs for ultra-deepwater
and unconventional natural gas or other petroleum exploration
or production.
(7) FOCUS AREAS FOR AWARDS.—
(A) ULTRA-DEEPWATER RESOURCES.—Awards from
allocations under section 999H(d)(1) shall focus on the
development and demonstration of individual exploration
and production technologies as well as integrated systems
technologies including new architectures for production in
ultra-deepwater.
(B) UNCONVENTIONAL RESOURCES.—Awards from
allocations under section 999H(d)(2) shall focus on areas
including advanced coalbed methane, deep drilling, natural
gas production from tight sands, natural gas production
from gas shales, stranded gas, innovative exploration and
production techniques, enhanced recovery techniques, and
environmental mitigation of unconventional natural gas
and other petroleum resources exploration and production.
(C) SMALL PRODUCERS.—Awards from allocations under
section 999H(d)(3) shall be made to consortia consisting
of small producers or organized primarily for the benefit
of small producers, and shall focus on areas including complex geology involving rapid changes in the type and quality
of the oil and gas reservoirs across the reservoir; low reservoir pressure; unconventional natural gas reservoirs in
coalbeds, deep reservoirs, tight sands, or shales; and
unconventional oil reservoirs in tar sands and oil shales.
(e) ANNUAL PLAN.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The program under this section shall
be carried out pursuant to an annual plan prepared by the
Secretary in accordance with paragraph (2).
(2) DEVELOPMENT.—
(A) SOLICITATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS.—Before
drafting an annual plan under this subsection, the Secretary shall solicit specific written recommendations from
the program consortium for each element to be addressed
in the plan, including those described in paragraph (4).
The program consortium shall submit its recommendations
in the form of a draft annual plan.
(B) SUBMISSION OF RECOMMENDATIONS; OTHER COMMENT.—The Secretary shall submit the recommendations
of the program consortium under subparagraph (A) to the
Ultra-Deepwater Advisory Committee established under
section 999D(a) and to the Unconventional Resources Technology Advisory Committee established under section
999D(b), and such Advisory Committees shall provide to
the Secretary written comments by a date determined by
the Secretary. The Secretary may also solicit comments
from any other experts.
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(C) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary shall consult regularly with the program consortium throughout the preparation of the annual plan.
(3) PUBLICATION.—The Secretary shall transmit to Congress and publish in the Federal Register the annual plan,
along with any written comments received under paragraph
(2)(A) and (B).
(4) CONTENTS.—The annual plan shall describe the ongoing
and prospective activities of the program under this section
and shall include—
(A) a list of any solicitations for awards to carry out
research, development, demonstration, or commercial
application activities, including the topics for such work,
who would be eligible to apply, selection criteria, and the
duration of awards; and
(B) a description of the activities expected of the program consortium to carry out subsection (f)(3).
(5) ESTIMATES OF INCREASED ROYALTY RECEIPTS.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, shall
provide an annual report to Congress with the President’s
budget on the estimated cumulative increase in Federal royalty
receipts (if any) resulting from the implementation of this subtitle. The initial report under this paragraph shall be submitted
in the first President’s budget following the completion of the
first annual plan required under this subsection.
(f) AWARDS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Upon approval of the Secretary the program consortium shall make awards to research performers
to carry out research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application activities under the program under this
section. The program consortium shall not be eligible to receive
such awards, but provided that conflict of interest procedures
in section 999B(c)(3) are followed, entities who are members
of the program consortium are not precluded from receiving
research awards as either individual research performers or
as research performers who are members of a research
collaboration.
(2) PROPOSALS.—Upon approval of the Secretary the program consortium shall solicit proposals for awards under this
subsection in such manner and at such time as the Secretary
may prescribe, in consultation with the program consortium.
(3) OVERSIGHT.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The program consortium shall oversee the implementation of awards under this subsection,
consistent with the annual plan under subsection (e),
including disbursing funds and monitoring activities carried out under such awards for compliance with the terms
and conditions of the awards.
(B) EFFECT.—Nothing in subparagraph (A) shall limit
the authority or responsibility of the Secretary to oversee
awards, or limit the authority of the Secretary to review
or revoke awards.
(g) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—To compensate the program consortium
for carrying out its activities under this section, the Secretary
shall provide to the program consortium funds sufficient to
administer the program. This compensation may include a
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management fee consistent with Department of Energy contracting practices and procedures.
(2) ADVANCE.—The Secretary shall advance funds to the
program consortium upon selection of the consortium, which
shall be deducted from amounts to be provided under paragraph
(1).
(h) AUDIT.—The Secretary shall retain an independent auditor,
which shall include a review by the General Accountability Office,
to determine the extent to which funds provided to the program
consortium, and funds provided under awards made under subsection (f), have been expended in a manner consistent with the
purposes and requirements of this subtitle. The auditor shall
transmit a report (including any review by the General Accountability Office) annually to the Secretary, who shall transmit the
report to Congress, along with a plan to remedy any deficiencies
cited in the report.
(i) ACTIVITIES BY THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.—
The Secretary of the Interior, through the United States Geological
Survey, shall, where appropriate, carry out programs of long-term
research to complement the programs under this section.
(j) PROGRAM REVIEW AND OVERSIGHT.—The National Energy
Technology Laboratory, on behalf of the Secretary, shall (1) issue
a competitive solicitation for the program consortium, (2) evaluate,
select, and award a contract or other agreement to a qualified
program consortium, and (3) have primary review and oversight
responsibility for the program consortium, including review and
approval of research awards proposed to be made by the program
consortium, to ensure that its activities are consistent with the
purposes and requirements described in this subtitle. Up to 5 percent of program funds allocated under paragraphs (1) through (3)
of section 999H(d) may be used for this purpose, including program
direction and the establishment of a site office if determined to
be necessary to carry out the purposes of this subsection.
SEC. 999C. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR AWARDS.
(a) DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.—An application for an award
under this subtitle for a demonstration project shall describe with
specificity the intended commercial use of the technology to be
demonstrated.
(b) FLEXIBILITY IN LOCATING DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.—Subject to the limitation in section 999A(c), a demonstration project
under this subtitle relating to an ultra-deepwater technology or
an ultra-deepwater architecture may be conducted in deepwater
depths.
(c) INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AGREEMENTS.—If an award under
this subtitle is made to a consortium (other than the program
consortium), the consortium shall provide to the Secretary a signed
contract agreed to by all members of the consortium describing
the rights of each member to intellectual property used or developed
under the award.
(d) TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER.—Two and one-half percent of the
amount of each award made under this subtitle shall be designated
for technology transfer and outreach activities under this subtitle.
(e) COST SHARING REDUCTION FOR INDEPENDENT PRODUCERS.—
In applying the cost sharing requirements under section 988 to
an award under this subtitle the Secretary may reduce or eliminate
the non-Federal requirement if the Secretary determines that the
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reduction is necessary and appropriate considering the technological
risks involved in the project.
(f) INFORMATION SHARING.—All results of the research administered by the program consortium shall be made available to the
public consistent with Department policy and practice on information sharing and intellectual property agreements.
SEC. 999D. ADVISORY COMMITTEES.
(a) ULTRA-DEEPWATER ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 270 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish
an advisory committee to be known as the Ultra-Deepwater
Advisory Committee.
(2) MEMBERSHIP.—The Advisory Committee under this subsection shall be composed of members appointed by the Secretary, including—
(A) individuals with extensive research experience or
operational knowledge of offshore natural gas and other
petroleum exploration and production;
(B) individuals broadly representative of the affected
interests in ultra-deepwater natural gas and other petroleum production, including interests in environmental
protection and safe operations;
(C) no individuals who are Federal employees; and
(D) no individuals who are board members, officers,
or employees of the program consortium.
(3) DUTIES.—The Advisory Committee under this subsection shall—
(A) advise the Secretary on the development and
implementation of programs under this subtitle related
to ultra-deepwater natural gas and other petroleum
resources; and
(B) carry out section 999B(e)(2)(B).
(4) COMPENSATION.—A member of the Advisory Committee
under this subsection shall serve without compensation but
shall receive travel expenses in accordance with applicable
provisions under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United
States Code.
(b) UNCONVENTIONAL RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE.—
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 270 days after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish
an advisory committee to be known as the Unconventional
Resources Technology Advisory Committee.
(2) MEMBERSHIP.—The Secretary shall endeavor to have
a balanced representation of members on the Advisory Committee to reflect the breadth of geographic areas of potential
gas supply. The Advisory Committee under this subsection
shall be composed of members appointed by the Secretary,
including—
(A) a majority of members who are employees or representatives of independent producers of natural gas and
other petroleum, including small producers;
(B) individuals with extensive research experience or
operational knowledge of unconventional natural gas and
other petroleum resource exploration and production;
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(C) individuals broadly representative of the affected
interests in unconventional natural gas and other petroleum resource exploration and production, including
interests in environmental protection and safe operations;
(D) individuals with expertise in the various geographic
areas of potential supply of unconventional onshore natural
gas and other petroleum in the United States;
(E) no individuals who are Federal employees; and
(F) no individuals who are board members, officers,
or employees of the program consortium.
(3) DUTIES.—The Advisory Committee under this subsection shall—
(A) advise the Secretary on the development and
implementation of activities under this subtitle related to
unconventional natural gas and other petroleum resources;
and
(B) carry out section 999B(e)(2)(B).
(4) COMPENSATION.—A member of the Advisory Committee
under this subsection shall serve without compensation but
shall receive travel expenses in accordance with applicable
provisions under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United
States Code.
(c) PROHIBITION.—No advisory committee established under this
section shall make recommendations on funding awards to particular consortia or other entities, or for specific projects.
SEC. 999E. LIMITS ON PARTICIPATION.
An entity shall be eligible to receive an award under this
subtitle only if the Secretary finds—
(1) that the entity’s participation in the program under
this subtitle would be in the economic interest of the United
States; and
(2) that either—
(A) the entity is a United States-owned entity organized under the laws of the United States; or
(B) the entity is organized under the laws of the United
States and has a parent entity organized under the laws
of a country that affords—
(i) to United States-owned entities opportunities,
comparable to those afforded to any other entity, to
participate in any cooperative research venture similar
to those authorized under this subtitle;
(ii) to United States-owned entities local investment opportunities comparable to those afforded to
any other entity; and
(iii) adequate and effective protection for the
intellectual property rights of United States-owned
entities.
SEC. 999F. SUNSET.
The authority provided by this subtitle shall terminate on September 30, 2014.
SEC. 999G. DEFINITIONS.
In this subtitle:
(1) DEEPWATER.—The term ‘‘deepwater’’ means a water
depth that is greater than 200 but less than 1,500 meters.
(2) INDEPENDENT PRODUCER OF OIL OR GAS.—
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(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘‘independent producer of
oil or gas’’ means any person that produces oil or gas
other than a person to whom subsection (c) of section
613A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 does not apply
by reason of paragraph (2) (relating to certain retailers)
or paragraph (4) (relating to certain refiners) of section
613A(d) of such Code.
(B) RULES FOR APPLYING PARAGRAPHS (2) AND (4) OF
SECTION 613A(d).—For purposes of subparagraph (A), paragraphs (2) and (4) of section 613A(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be applied by substituting ‘‘calendar year’’ for ‘‘taxable year’’ each place it appears in
such paragraphs.
(3) PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION FUNDS.—The term ‘‘program
administration funds’’ means funds used by the program consortium to administer the program under this subtitle, but not
to exceed 10 percent of the total funds allocated under paragraphs (1) through (3) of section 999H(d).
(4) PROGRAM CONSORTIUM.—The term ‘‘program consortium’’ means the consortium selected under section 999B(d).
(5) PROGRAM RESEARCH FUNDS.—The term ‘‘program
research funds’’ means funds awarded to research performers
by the program consortium consistent with the annual plan.
(6) REMOTE OR INCONSEQUENTIAL.—The term ‘‘remote or
inconsequential’’ has the meaning given that term in regulations issued by the Office of Government Ethics under section
208(b)(2) of title 18, United States Code.
(7) SMALL PRODUCER.—The term ‘‘small producer’’ means
an entity organized under the laws of the United States with
production levels of less than 1,000 barrels per day of oil
equivalent.
(8) ULTRA-DEEPWATER.—The term ‘‘ultra-deepwater’’ means
a water depth that is equal to or greater than 1,500 meters.
(9) ULTRA-DEEPWATER ARCHITECTURE.—The term ‘‘ultradeepwater architecture’’ means the integration of technologies
for the exploration for, or production of, natural gas or other
petroleum resources located at ultra-deepwater depths.
(10) ULTRA-DEEPWATER TECHNOLOGY.—The term ‘‘ultradeepwater technology’’ means a discrete technology that is specially suited to address one or more challenges associated with
the exploration for, or production of, natural gas or other petroleum resources located at ultra-deepwater depths.
(11) UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS AND OTHER PETROLEUM
RESOURCE.—The term ‘‘unconventional natural gas and other
petroleum resource’’ means natural gas and other petroleum
resource located onshore in an economically inaccessible
geological formation, including resources of small producers.
SEC. 999H. FUNDING.
(a) OIL AND GAS LEASE INCOME.—For each of fiscal years 2007
through 2017, from any Federal royalties, rents, and bonuses
derived from Federal onshore and offshore oil and gas leases issued
under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331
et seq.) and the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.) which
are deposited in the Treasury, and after distribution of any such
funds as described in subsection (c), $50,000,000 shall be deposited
into the Ultra-Deepwater and Unconventional Natural Gas and
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Other Petroleum Research Fund (in this section referred to as
the ‘‘Fund’’). For purposes of this section, the term ‘‘royalties’’
excludes proceeds from the sale of royalty production taken in
kind and royalty production that is transferred under section
27(a)(3) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C.
1353(a)(3)).
(b) OBLIGATIONAL AUTHORITY.—Monies in the Fund shall be
available to the Secretary for obligation under this part without
fiscal year limitation, to remain available until expended.
(c) PRIOR DISTRIBUTIONS.—The distributions described in subsection (a) are those required by law—
(1) to States and to the Reclamation Fund under the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191(a)); and
(2) to other funds receiving monies from Federal oil and
gas leasing programs, including—
(A) any recipients pursuant to section 8(g) of the Outer
Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1337(g));
(B) the Land and Water Conservation Fund, pursuant
to section 2(c) of the Land and Water Conservation Fund
Act of 1965 (16 U.S.C. 4601–5(c));
(C) the Historic Preservation Fund, pursuant to section
108 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C.
470h); and
(D) the coastal impact assistance program established
under section 31 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands
Act (as amended by section 384).
(d) ALLOCATION.—Amounts obligated from the Fund under subsection (a)(1) in each fiscal year shall be allocated as follows:
(1) 35 percent shall be for activities under section
999A(b)(1).
(2) 32.5 percent shall be for activities under section
999A(b)(2).
(3) 7.5 percent shall be for activities under section
999A(b)(3).
(4) 25 percent shall be for complementary research under
section 999A(b)(4) and other activities under section 999A(b)
to include program direction funds, overall program oversight,
contract management, and the establishment and operation
of a technical committee to ensure that in-house research activities funded under section 999A(b)(4) are technically complementary to, and not duplicative of, research conducted under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 999A(b).
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—In addition to other
amounts that are made available to carry out this section, there
is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section
$100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2007 through 2016.
(f) FUND.—There is hereby established in the Treasury of the
United States a separate fund to be known as the ‘‘Ultra-Deepwater
and Unconventional Natural Gas and Other Petroleum Research
Fund’’.
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TITLE X—DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
MANAGEMENT
SEC. 1001. IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES.
(a) TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER COORDINATOR.—The Secretary shall
appoint a Technology Transfer Coordinator to be the principal
advisor to the Secretary on all matters relating to technology
transfer and commercialization.
(b) QUALIFICATIONS.—The Coordinator shall be an individual
who, by reason of professional background and experience, is specially qualified to advise the Secretary on matters pertaining to
technology transfer at the Department.
(c) DUTIES OF THE COORDINATOR.—The Coordinator shall oversee—
(1) the activities of the Technology Transfer Working Group
established under subsection (d);
(2) the expenditure of funds allocated for technology
transfer within the Department;
(3) the activities of each technology partnership ombudsman appointed under section 11 of the Technology Transfer
Commercialization Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 7261c); and
(4) efforts to engage private sector entities, including venture capital companies.
(d) TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER WORKING GROUP.—The Secretary
shall establish a Technology Transfer Working Group, which shall
consist of representatives of the National Laboratories and singlepurpose research facilities, to—
(1) coordinate technology transfer activities occurring at
National Laboratories and single-purpose research facilities;
(2) exchange information about technology transfer practices, including alternative approaches to resolution of disputes
involving intellectual property rights and other technology
transfer matters; and
(3) develop and disseminate to the public and prospective
technology partners information about opportunities and procedures for technology transfer with the Department, including
opportunities and procedures related to alternative approaches
to resolution of disputes involving intellectual property rights
and other technology transfer matters.
(e) TECHNOLOGY COMMERCIALIZATION FUND.—The Secretary
shall establish an Energy Technology Commercialization Fund,
using 0.9 percent of the amount made available to the Department
for applied energy research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application for each fiscal year, to be used to provide
matching funds with private partners to promote promising energy
technologies for commercial purposes.
(f) TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER RESPONSIBILITY.—Nothing in this
section affects the technology transfer responsibilities of Federal
employees under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act
of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).
(g) PLANNING AND REPORTING.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress
a technology transfer execution plan.
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(2) UPDATES.—Each year after the submission of the plan
under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to Congress
an updated execution plan and reports that describe progress
toward meeting goals set forth in the execution plan and the
funds expended under subsection (e).
SEC. 1002. TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) PROGRAM.—The term ‘‘Program’’ means the Technology
Infrastructure Program established under subsection (b).
(2) TECHNOLOGY CLUSTER.—The term ‘‘technology cluster’’
means a concentration of technology-related business concerns,
institutions of higher education, or nonprofit institutions, that
reinforce each other’s performance in the areas of technology
development through formal or informal relationships.
(3) TECHNOLOGY-RELATED BUSINESS CONCERN.—The term
‘‘technology-related business concern’’ means a for-profit corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, or small business concern that—
(A) conducts scientific or engineering research;
(B) develops new technologies;
(C) manufactures products based on new technologies;
or
(D) performs technological services.
(b) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall establish a Technology Infrastructure Program in accordance with this section.
(c) PURPOSE.—The purpose of the Program shall be to improve
the ability of National Laboratories and single-purpose research
facilities to support departmental missions by—
(1) stimulating the development of technology clusters that
can support departmental missions at the National Laboratories
or single-purpose research facilities;
(2) improving the ability of National Laboratories and
single-purpose research facilities to leverage and benefit from
commercial research, technology, products, processes, and services; and
(3) encouraging the exchange of scientific and technological
expertise between—
(A) National Laboratories or single-purpose research
facilities; and
(B) entities that can support departmental missions
at the National Laboratories or single-purpose research
facilities, such as—
(i) institutions of higher education;
(ii) technology-related business concerns;
(iii) nonprofit institutions; and
(iv) agencies of State, tribal, or local governments.
(d) PROJECTS.—The Secretary shall authorize the director of
each National Laboratory or single-purpose research facility to
implement the Program at the National Laboratory or facility
through one or more projects that meet the requirements of subsections (e) and (f).
(e) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Each project funded under this section
shall meet the requirements of this subsection.
(2) ENTITIES.—Each project shall include at least one of
each of the following entities:
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(A) A business.
(B) An institution of higher education.
(C) A nonprofit institution.
(D) An agency of a State, local, or tribal government.
(3) COST-SHARING.—
(A) IN GENERAL.—The costs of carrying out projects
under this section shall be shared in accordance with section 988.
(B) SOURCES.—The calculation of costs paid by the
non-Federal sources for a project shall include cash, personnel, services, equipment, and other resources expended
on the project after the commencement of the project.
(C) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENSES.—Independent research and development expenses of Government
contractors that qualify for reimbursement under section
31.205–18(e) of title 48, Code of Federal Regulations, issued
pursuant to section 25(c)(1) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421(c)(1)), may be credited
towards costs paid by non-Federal sources to a project,
if the expenses meet the other requirements of this section.
(4) COMPETITIVE SELECTION.—A project under this section
shall be competitively selected using procedures determined
by the Secretary.
(5) ACCOUNTING.—Any participant that receives funds
under this section may use generally accepted accounting principles for maintaining accounts, books, and records relating
to the project.
(6) DURATION.—No Federal funds shall be made available
under this section for a construction project or for any project
with a duration of more than 5 years.
(f) SELECTION CRITERIA.—
(1) DEPARTMENTAL MISSIONS.—The Secretary shall allocate
funds under this section only if the Director of the National
Laboratory or single-purpose research facility managing the
project determines that the project is likely to improve the
ability of the National Laboratory or single-purpose research
facility to achieve technical success in meeting departmental
missions.
(2) OTHER CRITERIA.—In selecting a project to receive Federal funds, the Secretary shall consider—
(A) the potential of the project to promote the development of a commercially sustainable technology cluster following the period of investment by the Department, which
will derive most of the demand for its products or services
from the private sector, and which will support departmental missions at the participating National Laboratory
or single-purpose research facility;
(B) the potential of the project to promote the use
of commercial research, technology, products, processes,
and services by the participating National Laboratory or
single-purpose research facility to achieve its mission or
the commercial development of technological innovations
made at the participating National Laboratory or singlepurpose research facility;
(C) the extent to which the project involves a wide
variety and number of institutions of higher education,
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nonprofit institutions, and technology-related business concerns that can support the missions of the participating
National Laboratory or single-purpose research facility and
that will make substantive contributions to achieving the
goals of the project;
(D) the extent to which the project focuses on promoting the development of technology-related business concerns that are small businesses or involves such small
businesses substantively in the project; and
(E) such other criteria as the Secretary determines
to be appropriate.
(g) ALLOCATION.—In allocating funds for projects approved
under this section, the Secretary shall provide—
(1) the Federal share of the project costs; and
(2) additional funds to the National Laboratory or singlepurpose research facility managing the project to permit the
National Laboratory or single-purpose research facility to carry
out activities relating to the project, and to coordinate the
activities with the project.
(h) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than July 1, 2008, the
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on whether the Program
should be continued and, if so, how the program should be managed.
(i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary for activities under this section
$10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2008.
SEC. 1003. SMALL BUSINESS ADVOCACY AND ASSISTANCE.
(a) SMALL BUSINESS ADVOCATE.—The Secretary shall require
the Director of each National Laboratory, and may require the
Director of a single-purpose research facility, to designate a small
business advocate to—
(1) increase the participation of small business concerns,
including socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns (as defined in section 8(a)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(4))), in procurement, collaborative
research, technology licensing, and technology transfer activities conducted by the National Laboratory or single-purpose
research facility;
(2) report to the Director of the National Laboratory or
single-purpose research facility on the actual participation of
small business concerns in procurement and collaborative
research along with recommendations, if appropriate, on how
to improve participation;
(3) make available to small business concerns training,
mentoring, and information on how to participate in procurement and collaborative research activities;
(4) increase the awareness inside the National Laboratory
or single-purpose research facility of the capabilities and
opportunities presented by small business concerns; and
(5) establish guidelines for the program under subsection
(b) and report on the effectiveness of the program to the
Director of the National Laboratory or single-purpose research
facility.
(b) ESTABLISHMENT OF SMALL BUSINESS ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall require the Director of each National
Laboratory, and may require the Director of a single-purpose
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research facility, to establish a program to provide small business
concerns with—
(1) assistance directed at making the small business concerns more effective and efficient subcontractors or suppliers
to the National Laboratory or single-purpose research facilities;
or
(2) general technical assistance, the cost of which shall
not exceed $10,000 per instance of assistance, to improve the
products or services of the small business concern.
(c) USE OF FUNDS.—None of the funds expended under subsection (b) may be used for direct grants to small business concerns.
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to the Secretary for activities under this section
$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2008.
SEC. 1004. OUTREACH.
The Secretary shall ensure that each program authorized by
this Act or an amendment made by this Act includes an outreach
component to provide information, as appropriate, to manufacturers,
consumers, engineers, architects, builders, energy service companies, institutions of higher education, facility planners and managers, State and local governments, and other entities.
SEC. 1005. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAWS.
Except as otherwise provided in this Act or an amendment
made by this Act, the Secretary shall carry out the research,
development, demonstration, and commercial application programs,
projects, and activities authorized by this Act or an amendment
made by this Act in accordance with the applicable provisions
of—
(1) the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et
seq.);
(2) the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5901 et seq.);
(3) the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13201 et
seq.);
(4) the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of
1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.);
(5) chapter 18 of title 35, United States Code (commonly
known as the ‘‘Bayh-Dole Act’’); and
(6) any other Act under which the Secretary is authorized
to carry out the programs, projects, and activities.
SEC. 1006. IMPROVED COORDINATION AND MANAGEMENT OF CIVILIAN
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS.
(a) EFFECTIVE TOP-LEVEL COORDINATION OF RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.—Section 202 of the Department of
Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7132) is amended by striking
subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b)(1) There shall be in the Department an Under Secretary
for Science, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with
the advice and consent of the Senate.
‘‘(2) The Under Secretary shall be compensated at the rate
provided for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314
of title 5, United States Code.
‘‘(3) The Under Secretary for Science shall be appointed from
among persons who—
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‘‘(A) have extensive background in scientific or engineering
fields; and
‘‘(B) are well qualified to manage the civilian research
and development programs of the Department.
‘‘(4) The Under Secretary for Science shall—
‘‘(A) serve as the Science and Technology Advisor to the
Secretary;
‘‘(B) monitor the research and development programs of
the Department in order to advise the Secretary with respect
to any undesirable duplication or gaps in the programs;
‘‘(C) advise the Secretary with respect to the well-being
and management of the multipurpose laboratories under the
jurisdiction of the Department;
‘‘(D) advise the Secretary with respect to education and
training activities required for effective short- and long-term
basic and applied research activities of the Department;
‘‘(E) advise the Secretary with respect to grants and other
forms of financial assistance required for effective short- and
long-term basic and applied research activities of the Department;
‘‘(F) advise the Secretary with respect to long-term planning, coordination, and development of a strategic framework
for Department research and development activities; and
‘‘(G) carry out such additional duties assigned to the Under
Secretary by the Secretary relating to basic and applied
research, including supervision or support of research activities
carried out by any of the Assistant Secretaries designated by
section 203 of this Act, as the Secretary considers advantageous.’’.
(b) ADDITIONAL ASSISTANT SECRETARY POSITION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 203(a) of the Department of
Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7133(a)) is amended in
the first sentence by striking ‘‘six Assistant Secretaries’’ and
inserting ‘‘7 Assistant Secretaries’’.
(2) ASSISTANT SECRETARY LEVEL.—It is the sense of Congress that the leadership for departmental missions in nuclear
energy should be at the Assistant Secretary level.
(c) TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—
(1) Section 202 of the Department of Energy Organization
Act (42 U.S.C. 7132) is amended by adding at the end the
following:
‘‘(d)(1) There shall be in the Department an Under Secretary,
who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, and who shall perform such functions
and duties as the Secretary shall prescribe, consistent with this
section.
‘‘(2) The Under Secretary shall be compensated at the rate
provided for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314
of title 5, United States Code.
‘‘(e)(1) There shall be in the Department a General Counsel,
who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, and who shall perform such functions
and duties as the Secretary shall prescribe.
‘‘(2) The General Counsel shall be compensated at the rate
provided for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315
of title 5, United States Code.’’.
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(2) Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended
by striking ‘‘Under Secretaries of Energy (2)’’ and inserting
‘‘Under Secretaries of Energy (3)’’.
(3) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended
by striking ‘‘Assistant Secretaries of Energy (6)’’ and inserting
‘‘Assistant Secretaries of Energy (7)’’.
(4) Section 209(b) of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7139(b)) is amended by striking paragraph
(6) and inserting the following:
‘‘(6) to carry out such additional duties assigned to the
Office by the Secretary.’’.
SEC. 1007. OTHER TRANSACTIONS AUTHORITY.
Section 646 of the Department of Energy Organization Act
(42 U.S.C. 7256) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(g)(1) In addition to authority granted to the Secretary under
any other provision of law, the Secretary may exercise the same
authority to enter into transactions (other than contracts, cooperative agreements, and grants), subject to the same terms and conditions as the Secretary of Defense under section 2371 of title 10,
United States Code (other than subsections (b) and (f) of that
section).
‘‘(2) In applying section 2371 of title 10, United States Code,
to the Secretary under paragraph (1)—
‘‘(A) the term ‘basic’ shall be replaced by the term ‘research’;
‘‘(B) the term ‘applied’ shall be replaced by the term
‘development’; and
‘‘(C) the terms ‘advanced research projects’ and ‘advanced
research’ shall be replaced by the term ‘demonstration projects’.
‘‘(3) The authority of the Secretary under paragraph (1) shall
not be subject to—
‘‘(A) section 9 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research
and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5908); or
‘‘(B) section 152 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42
U.S.C. 2182).
‘‘(4)(A) The Secretary shall use such competitive, merit-based
selection procedures in entering into transactions under paragraph
(1), as the Secretary determines in writing to be practicable.
‘‘(B) A transaction under paragraph (1) shall relate to a
research, development, or demonstration project only if the Secretary determines in writing that the use of a standard contract,
grant, or cooperative agreement for the project is not feasible or
appropriate.
‘‘(5) The Secretary may protect from disclosure, for up to 5
years after the date on which the information is developed, any
information developed pursuant to a transaction under paragraph
(1) that would be protected from disclosure under section 552(b)(4)
of title 5, United States Code, if obtained from a person other
than a Federal agency.
‘‘(6)(A) Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment
of this subsection, the Secretary shall issue guidelines for transactions under paragraph (1).
‘‘(B) The guidelines shall be published in the Federal Register
for public comment in accordance with rulemaking procedures of
the Department.
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‘‘(C) The Secretary shall not have authority to carry out transactions under paragraph (1) until the guidelines for transactions
required under subparagraph (A) are final.
‘‘(7) The annual report of the head of an executive agency
under section 2371(h) of title 10, United States Code, shall be
submitted to Congress.
‘‘(8)(A) In this paragraph, the term ‘nontraditional Government
contractor’ has the meaning given the term ‘nontraditional defense
contractor’ in section 845(f) of the National Defense Authorization
Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103–160; 10 U.S.C. 2371
note).
‘‘(B) Not later than 1 year after the date on which the final
guidelines are published under paragraph (6), the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report
describing—
‘‘(i) the use by the Department of authorities under this
section, including the ability to attract nontraditional Government contractors; and
‘‘(ii) whether additional safeguards are necessary to carry
out the authorities.
‘‘(9) The authority of the Secretary under this subsection may
be delegated only to an officer of the Department who is appointed
by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
‘‘(10) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the authority
to enter into transactions under paragraph (1) shall terminate
on September 30, 2010.’’.
SEC. 1008. PRIZES FOR ACHIEVEMENT IN GRAND CHALLENGES OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
(a) AUTHORITY.—The Secretary may carry out a program to
award cash prizes in recognition of breakthrough achievements
in research, development, demonstration, and commercial application that have the potential for application to the performance
of the mission of the Department.
(b) COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS.—The program under subsection (a) may include prizes for the achievement of goals articulated by the Secretary in a specific area through a widely advertised
solicitation of submission of results for research, development, demonstration, or commercial application projects.
(c) PRIZES FOR PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE
DEPENDENCE ON IMPORTED OIL.—The Secretary, in cooperation with
the Freedom Prize Foundation, shall support a program of awarding
prizes, to be known as Freedom Prizes, to encourage and recognize
the development and deployment of processes and technologies that
serve to reduce the dependence of the United States on imported
oil.
(d) RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER AUTHORITY.—The program under
subsection (a) may be carried out in conjunction with or in addition
to the exercise of any other authority of the Secretary to acquire,
support, or stimulate research, development, demonstration, or
commercial application projects.
(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized
to be appropriated—
(1) $10,000,000 to carry out the program under subsection
(a); and
(2) $5,000,000 to carry out the program under subsection
(c).
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SEC. 1009. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
(a) COAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—Public Law 86–599 (30 U.S.C. 661 et
seq.) is amended—
(A) by striking the first section (30 U.S.C. 661) and
inserting the following:
‘‘SEC. 1. (a) This Act may be cited as the ‘Coal Research and
Development Act of 1960’.
‘‘(b) In this Act:
‘‘(1) The term ‘research’ means scientific, technical, and
economic research and the practical application of that research.
‘‘(2) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Energy.’’;
(B) in section 2 (30 U.S.C. 662), by striking ‘‘shall
establish within’’ and all that follows through ‘‘such Office’’;
(C) by striking sections 3, 4, and 7 (30 U.S.C. 663,
664, 667); and
(D) by redesignating sections 5, 6, and 8 (30 U.S.C.
665, 666, 668) as sections 3, 4, and 5, respectively.
(2) PATENTS.—Section 210(a)(8) of title 35, United States
Code, is amended by striking ‘‘Coal Research Development Act
of 1960’’ and inserting ‘‘Coal Research and Development Act
of 1960’’.
(b) NONNUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.—
(1) SHORT TITLE; DEFINITIONS.—Section 1 of the Federal
Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974
(42 U.S.C. 5902) is amended to read as follows:
‘‘SHORT
TITLE AND DEFINITIONS
‘‘SEC. 1. (a) This Act may be cited as the ‘Federal Nonnuclear
Energy Research and Development Act of 1974’.
‘‘(b) In this Act:
‘‘(1) The term ‘Department’ means the Department of
Energy.
‘‘(2) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Energy.’’.
(2) STATEMENT OF POLICY.—Section 3(b) of the Federal
Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974
(42 U.S.C. 5902(b)) is amended—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘Energy Research
and Development Administration’’ and inserting ‘‘Department’’;
(B) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘‘Administrator of
the Energy Research and Development Administration
(hereinafter in this Act referred to as the ‘Administrator’)’’
and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’; and
(C) in paragraph (3)—
(i) by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’; and
(ii) by inserting ‘‘Demonstration’’ after ‘‘Cooling’’.
(3) DUTIES AND AUTHORITIES.—Section 4 of the Federal
Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974
(42 U.S.C. 5903) is amended—
(A) by striking the section heading and inserting the
following: ‘‘DUTIES AND AUTHORITIES OF THE SECRETARY’’;
and
(B) in the matter preceding subsection (a), by striking
‘‘Administrator’’ and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’.
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(4) COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING.—Section
6 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development
Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5905) is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’; and
(B) in subsection (b)(3)—
(i) in subparagraph (I), by inserting ‘‘Demonstration’’ after ‘‘Cooling’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (L), by inserting ‘‘Energy’’
after ‘‘Solar’’.
(5) FORMS OF FEDERAL ASSISTANCE.—Section 7 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974
(42 U.S.C. 5906) is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’; and
(B) in subsection (a)(4), by striking ‘‘of the section’’.
(6) DEMONSTRATIONS.—Section 8 of the Federal Nonnuclear
Energy Research and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5907)
is amended—
(A) in subsections (a) through (c), by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ each place it appears and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’;
(B) in subsection (d)—
(i) in the first sentence of paragraph (1), by
inserting ‘‘of the Energy Research and Development
Administration’’ after ‘‘Administrator’’; and
(ii) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘Administrator’’
and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’; and
(C) in subsection (f)—
(i) by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ each place it
appears and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’; and
(ii) in the proviso of the first sentence, by striking
‘‘Administrator’s’’ and inserting ‘‘Secretary’s’’.
(7) PATENT POLICY.—Section 9 of the Federal Nonnuclear
Energy Research and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5908)
is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘Administration’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘Department’’;
(B) by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’; and
(C) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ‘‘Administration’s’’
and inserting ‘‘Department’s’’.
(8) ACQUISITION OF ESSENTIAL MATERIALS.—Section 12 of
the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development
Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5911) is amended by striking subsection
(b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) A rule or order under subsection (a) shall be considered
to be a major rule subject to chapter 8 of title 5, United States
Code.’’.
(9) WATER RESOURCE EVALUATION.—Section 13 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974
(42 U.S.C. 5912) is amended by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ each
place it appears and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’.
(10) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—Section 16 of the
Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act
of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5915) is amended—
(A) by striking the section heading and inserting the
following: ‘‘AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS’’;
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(B) by striking ‘‘(a) There may be appropriated to the
Administrator’’ and inserting ‘‘There may be appropriated
to the Secretary’’; and
(C) by striking subsections (b) and (c).
(11) CENTRAL SOURCE OF NONNUCLEAR ENERGY INFORMATION.—Section 17 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research
and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5916) is amended—
(A) by striking ‘‘Administrator’’ each place it appears
and inserting ‘‘Secretary’’;
(B) in the first sentence, by striking ‘‘Administrator’s’’;
(C) in the second sentence, by striking ‘‘he’’ and
inserting ‘‘the Secretary’’;
(D) in the third sentence—
(i) in paragraph (2) of the first proviso, by striking
‘‘section 1905 or title 18’’ and inserting ‘‘section 1905
of title 18’’; and
(ii) in subparagraph (B) of the second proviso—
(I) by striking ‘‘the Federal Energy Administration,’’;
(II) by striking ‘‘the Federal Power Commission,’’ and inserting ‘‘the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’’; and
(III) by striking ‘‘General Accounting Office’’
and inserting ‘‘Government Accountability Office’’;
and
(E) in the last sentence, by inserting ‘‘or ranking
minority member’’ after ‘‘chairman’’.
(12) ENERGY INFORMATION, LOAN GUARANTEES, AND FINANCIAL SUPPORT.—Sections 18 through 20 of the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974 (42
U.S.C. 5917 through 5920) are repealed.
(c) STEVENSON-WYDLER TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ACT OF
1980.—Section 20 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation
Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3712) is amended by striking ‘‘and the
National Science Foundation’’ and inserting ‘‘, the Secretary of
Energy, and the Director of the National Science Foundation’’.
SEC. 1010. UNIVERSITY COLLABORATION.
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this
Act, the Secretary shall transmit to the Congress a report that
examines the feasibility of promoting collaborations between major
universities and other colleges and universities in grants, contracts,
and cooperative agreements made by the Secretary for energy
projects. For purposes of this section, major universities are schools
listed by the Carnegie Foundation as Doctoral Research Extensive
Universities. The Secretary shall also consider providing incentives
to increase the inclusion of small institutions of higher education,
including minority-serving institutions, in energy grants, contracts,
and cooperative agreements.
SEC. 1011. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
It is the sense of Congress that—
(1) the Secretary should develop and implement more stringent procurement and inventory controls, including controls
on the purchase card program, to prevent waste, fraud, and
abuse of taxpayer funds by employees and contractors of the
Department; and
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(2) the Department’s Inspector General should continue
to closely review purchase card purchases and other procurement and inventory practices at the Department.
TITLE XI—PERSONNEL AND TRAINING
SEC. 1101. WORKFORCE TRENDS AND TRAINEESHIP GRANTS.
(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
(1) ENERGY TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY.—The term ‘‘energy
technology industry’’ includes—
(A) a renewable energy industry;
(B) a company that develops or commercializes a device
to increase energy efficiency;
(C) the oil and gas industry;
(D) the nuclear power industry;
(E) the coal industry;
(F) the electric utility industry; and
(G) any other industrial sector, as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(2) SKILLED TECHNICAL PERSONNEL.—The term ‘‘skilled
technical personnel’’ means—
(A) journey- and apprentice-level workers who are
enrolled in, or have completed, a federally-recognized or
State-recognized apprenticeship program; and
(B) other skilled workers in energy technology industries, as determined by the Secretary.
(b) WORKFORCE TRENDS.—
(1) MONITORING.—The Secretary, in consultation with, and
using data collected by, the Secretary of Labor, shall monitor
trends in the workforce of—
(A) skilled technical personnel that support energy
technology industries; and
(B) electric power and transmission engineers.
(2) REPORT ON TRENDS.—Not later than 1 year after the
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to
Congress a report on current trends under paragraph (1), with
recommendations (as appropriate) to meet the future labor
requirements for the energy technology industries.
(3) REPORT ON SHORTAGE.—As soon as practicable after
the date on which the Secretary identifies or predicts a significant national shortage of skilled technical personnel in one
or more energy technology industries, the Secretary shall
submit to Congress a report describing the shortage.
(c) TRAINEESHIP GRANTS FOR SKILLED TECHNICAL PERSONNEL.—
The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, may
establish programs in the appropriate offices of the Department
under which the Secretary provides grants to enhance training
(including distance learning) for any workforce category for which
a shortage is identified or predicted under subsection (b)(2).
(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized
to be appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for each
of fiscal years 2006 through 2008.
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SEC. 1102. EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS IN SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS.
(a) SCIENCE EDUCATION ENHANCEMENT FUND.—Section 3164
of the Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act
(42 U.S.C. 7381a) is amended by adding at the end:
‘‘(c) SCIENCE EDUCATION ENHANCEMENT FUND.—The Secretary
shall use not less than 0.3 percent of the amount made available
to the Department for research, development, demonstration, and
commercial application for fiscal year 2006 and each fiscal year
thereafter to carry out activities authorized by this part.’’.
(b) AUTHORIZED EDUCATION ACTIVITIES.—Section 3165 of the
Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act (42
U.S.C. 7381b) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(14) Support competitive events for students under the
supervision of teachers, designed to encourage student interest
and knowledge in science and mathematics.
‘‘(15) Support competitively-awarded, peer-reviewed programs to promote professional development for mathematics
teachers and science teachers who teach in grades from kindergarten through grade 12 at Department research and development facilities.
‘‘(16) Support summer internships at Department research
and development facilities, for mathematics teachers and
science teachers who teach in grades from kindergarten through
grade 12.
‘‘(17) Sponsor and assist in educational and training activities identified as critical skills needs for future workforce
development at Department research and development facilities.’’.
(c) EDUCATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS.—Section 3166(b) of the
Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act (42
U.S.C. 7381c(b)) is amended—
(1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
‘‘(1) loaning or transferring equipment to the institution;’’;
(2) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end;
(3) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end
and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and
(4) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(7) providing funds to educational institutions to hire personnel to facilitate interactions between local school systems,
Department research and development facilities, and corporate
and governmental entities.’’.
(d) DEFINITION OF DEPARTMENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
FACILITIES.—Section 3167(3) of the Department of Energy Science
Education Enhancement Act (42 U.S.C. 7381d(3)) is amended by
striking ‘‘from the Office of Science of the Department of Energy’’
and inserting ‘‘by the Department of Energy’’.
(e) STUDY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in consultation with the
Secretary of Education, shall enter into an arrangement with
the National Academy of Public Administration to conduct a
study of the priorities, quality, local and regional flexibility,
and plans for educational programs at Department research
and development facilities.
(2) INCLUSION.—The study shall recommend measures that
the Secretary may take to improve Department-wide coordination of educational, workforce development, and critical skills
development activities.
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(3) REPORT.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a
report on the results of the study conducted under this subsection.
SEC. 1103. TRAINING GUIDELINES FOR NONNUCLEAR ELECTRIC
ENERGY INDUSTRY PERSONNEL.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with
the Secretary and in conjunction with the electric industry and
recognized employee representatives, shall develop model personnel
training guidelines to support the reliability and safety of the
nonnuclear electric system.
(b) REQUIREMENTS.—The training guidelines under subsection
(a) shall, at a minimum—
(1) include training requirements for workers engaged in
the construction, operation, inspection, or maintenance of nonnuclear electric generation, transmission, or distribution systems, including requirements relating to—
(A) competency;
(B) certification; and
(C) assessment, including—
(i) initial and continuous evaluation of workers;
(ii) recertification procedures; and
(iii) methods for examining or testing the qualification of an individual who performs a covered task;
and
(2) consolidate training guidelines in existence on the date
on which the guidelines under subsection (a) are developed
relating to the construction, operation, maintenance, and
inspection of nonnuclear electric generation, transmission, and
distribution facilities, such as guidelines established by the
National Electric Safety Code and other industry consensus
standards.
SEC. 1104. NATIONAL CENTER FOR ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND
BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES.
The Secretary shall support the ongoing activities of and explore
opportunities for expansion of the National Center for Energy
Management and Building Technologies to carry out research, education, and training activities to facilitate the improvement of
energy efficiency, indoor environmental quality, and security of
industrial, commercial, residential, and public buildings.
SEC. 1105. IMPROVED ACCESS TO ENERGY-RELATED SCIENTIFIC AND
TECHNICAL CAREERS.
(a) SCIENCE EDUCATION PROGRAMS.—Section 3164 of the
Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act (42
U.S.C. 7381a) (as amended by section 1102(a)) is amended by adding
at the end the following:
‘‘(d) PROGRAMS FOR STUDENTS FROM UNDER-REPRESENTED
GROUPS.—In carrying out a program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall give priority to activities that are designed to encourage
students from under-represented groups to pursue scientific and
technical careers.’’.
(b) PARTNERSHIPS WITH HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND
UNIVERSITIES, HISPANIC-SERVICING INSTITUTIONS, AND TRIBAL COLLEGES.—The Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act (42 U.S.C. 7381 et seq.) is amended—
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(1) by redesignating sections 3167 and 3168 as sections
3168 and 3169, respectively; and
(2) by inserting after section 3166 the following:
‘‘SEC. 3167. PARTNERSHIPS WITH HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES
AND UNIVERSITIES, HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS,
AND TRIBAL COLLEGES.
‘‘(a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
‘‘(1) HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTION.—The term ‘Hispanicserving institution’ has the meaning given the term in section
502(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1101a(a)).
‘‘(2) HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY.—The
term ‘historically Black college or university’ has the meaning
given the term ‘part B institution’ in section 322 of the Higher
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061).
‘‘(3) NATIONAL LABORATORY.—The term ‘National Laboratory’ has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Energy
Policy Act of 2005.
‘‘(4) SCIENCE FACILITY.—The term ‘science facility’ has the
meaning given the term ‘single-purpose research facility’ in
section 903 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.
‘‘(5) TRIBAL COLLEGE.—The term ‘tribal college’ has the
meaning given the term ‘tribally controlled college or university’
in section 2(a) of the Tribally Controlled College Assistance
Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1801(a)).
‘‘(b) EDUCATION PARTNERSHIP.—The Secretary shall require the
director of each National Laboratory, and may require the head
of any science facility, to increase the participation of historically
Black colleges or universities, Hispanic-serving institutions, or
tribal colleges in any activity that increases the capacity of the
historically Black colleges or universities, Hispanic-serving institutions, or tribal colleges to train personnel in science or engineering.
‘‘(c) ACTIVITIES.—An activity described in subsection (b)
includes—
‘‘(1) collaborative research;
‘‘(2) equipment transfer;
‘‘(3) training activities carried out at a National Laboratory
or science facility; and
‘‘(4) mentoring activities carried out at a National Laboratory or science facility.
‘‘(d) REPORT.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to Congress
a report describing the activities carried out under this section.’’.
SEC. 1106. NATIONAL POWER PLANT OPERATIONS TECHNOLOGY AND
EDUCATIONAL CENTER.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary shall support the establishment of a National Power Plant Operations Technology and Education Center (referred to in this section as the ‘‘Center’’), to address
the need for training and educating certified operators and technicians for the electric power industry.
(b) LOCATION OF CENTER.—The Secretary shall support the
establishment of the Center at an institution of higher education
that has—
(1) expertise in providing degree programs in electric power
generation, transmission, and distribution technologies;
(2) expertise in providing onsite and Internet-based
training; and
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(3) demonstrated responsiveness to workforce and training
requirements in the electric power industry.
(c) TRAINING AND CONTINUING EDUCATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Center shall provide training and
continuing education in electric power generation, transmission,
and distribution technologies and operations.
(2) LOCATION.—The Center shall carry out training and
education activities under paragraph (1)—
(A) at the Center; and
(B) through Internet-based information technologies
that allow for learning at remote sites.
TITLE XII—ELECTRICITY
SEC. 1201. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the ‘‘Electricity Modernization Act
of 2005’’.
Subtitle A—Reliability Standards
SEC. 1211. ELECTRIC RELIABILITY STANDARDS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Part II of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C.
824 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 215. ELECTRIC RELIABILITY.
‘‘(a) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section:
‘‘(1) The term ‘bulk-power system’ means—
‘‘(A) facilities and control systems necessary for operating an interconnected electric energy transmission network (or any portion thereof); and
‘‘(B) electric energy from generation facilities needed
to maintain transmission system reliability.
The term does not include facilities used in the local distribution
of electric energy.
‘‘(2) The terms ‘Electric Reliability Organization’ and ‘ERO’
mean the organization certified by the Commission under subsection (c) the purpose of which is to establish and enforce
reliability standards for the bulk-power system, subject to
Commission review.
‘‘(3) The term ‘reliability standard’ means a requirement,
approved by the Commission under this section, to provide
for reliable operation of the bulk-power system. The term
includes requirements for the operation of existing bulk-power
system facilities, including cybersecurity protection, and the
design of planned additions or modifications to such facilities
to the extent necessary to provide for reliable operation of
the bulk-power system, but the term does not include any
requirement to enlarge such facilities or to construct new transmission capacity or generation capacity.
‘‘(4) The term ‘reliable operation’ means operating the elements of the bulk-power system within equipment and electric
system thermal, voltage, and stability limits so that instability,
uncontrolled separation, or cascading failures of such system
will not occur as a result of a sudden disturbance, including
a cybersecurity incident, or unanticipated failure of system
elements.
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‘‘(5) The term ‘Interconnection’ means a geographic area
in which the operation of bulk-power system components is
synchronized such that the failure of one or more of such
components may adversely affect the ability of the operators
of other components within the system to maintain reliable
operation of the facilities within their control.
‘‘(6) The term ‘transmission organization’ means a Regional
Transmission Organization, Independent System Operator,
independent transmission provider, or other transmission
organization finally approved by the Commission for the operation of transmission facilities.
‘‘(7) The term ‘regional entity’ means an entity having
enforcement authority pursuant to subsection (e)(4).
‘‘(8) The term ‘cybersecurity incident’ means a malicious
act or suspicious event that disrupts, or was an attempt to
disrupt, the operation of those programmable electronic devices
and communication networks including hardware, software and
data that are essential to the reliable operation of the bulk
power system.
‘‘(b) JURISDICTION AND APPLICABILITY.—(1) The Commission
shall have jurisdiction, within the United States, over the ERO
certified by the Commission under subsection (c), any regional
entities, and all users, owners and operators of the bulk-power
system, including but not limited to the entities described in section
201(f), for purposes of approving reliability standards established
under this section and enforcing compliance with this section. All
users, owners and operators of the bulk-power system shall comply
with reliability standards that take effect under this section.
‘‘(2) The Commission shall issue a final rule to implement
the requirements of this section not later than 180 days after
the date of enactment of this section.
‘‘(c) CERTIFICATION.—Following the issuance of a Commission
rule under subsection (b)(2), any person may submit an application
to the Commission for certification as the Electric Reliability
Organization. The Commission may certify one such ERO if the
Commission determines that such ERO—
‘‘(1) has the ability to develop and enforce, subject to subsection (e)(2), reliability standards that provide for an adequate
level of reliability of the bulk-power system; and
‘‘(2) has established rules that—
‘‘(A) assure its independence of the users and owners
and operators of the bulk-power system, while assuring
fair stakeholder representation in the selection of its directors and balanced decisionmaking in any ERO committee
or subordinate organizational structure;
‘‘(B) allocate equitably reasonable dues, fees, and other
charges among end users for all activities under this section;
‘‘(C) provide fair and impartial procedures for enforcement of reliability standards through the imposition of
penalties in accordance with subsection (e) (including
limitations on activities, functions, or operations, or other
appropriate sanctions);
‘‘(D) provide for reasonable notice and opportunity for
public comment, due process, openness, and balance of
interests in developing reliability standards and otherwise
exercising its duties; and
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‘‘(E) provide for taking, after certification, appropriate
steps to gain recognition in Canada and Mexico.
‘‘(d) RELIABILITY STANDARDS.—(1) The Electric Reliability
Organization shall file each reliability standard or modification
to a reliability standard that it proposes to be made effective under
this section with the Commission.
‘‘(2) The Commission may approve, by rule or order, a proposed
reliability standard or modification to a reliability standard if it
determines that the standard is just, reasonable, not unduly
discriminatory or preferential, and in the public interest. The
Commission shall give due weight to the technical expertise of
the Electric Reliability Organization with respect to the content
of a proposed standard or modification to a reliability standard
and to the technical expertise of a regional entity organized on
an Interconnection-wide basis with respect to a reliability standard
to be applicable within that Interconnection, but shall not defer
with respect to the effect of a standard on competition. A proposed
standard or modification shall take effect upon approval by the
Commission.
‘‘(3) The Electric Reliability Organization shall rebuttably presume that a proposal from a regional entity organized on an Interconnection-wide basis for a reliability standard or modification to
a reliability standard to be applicable on an Interconnection-wide
basis is just, reasonable, and not unduly discriminatory or preferential, and in the public interest.
‘‘(4) The Commission shall remand to the Electric Reliability
Organization for further consideration a proposed reliability
standard or a modification to a reliability standard that the
Commission disapproves in whole or in part.
‘‘(5) The Commission, upon its own motion or upon complaint,
may order the Electric Reliability Organization to submit to the
Commission a proposed reliability standard or a modification to
a reliability standard that addresses a specific matter if the
Commission considers such a new or modified reliability standard
appropriate to carry out this section.
‘‘(6) The final rule adopted under subsection (b)(2) shall include
fair processes for the identification and timely resolution of any
conflict between a reliability standard and any function, rule, order,
tariff, rate schedule, or agreement accepted, approved, or ordered
by the Commission applicable to a transmission organization. Such
transmission organization shall continue to comply with such function, rule, order, tariff, rate schedule or agreement accepted,
approved, or ordered by the Commission until—
‘‘(A) the Commission finds a conflict exists between a reliability standard and any such provision;
‘‘(B) the Commission orders a change to such provision
pursuant to section 206 of this part; and
‘‘(C) the ordered change becomes effective under this part.
If the Commission determines that a reliability standard needs
to be changed as a result of such a conflict, it shall order the
ERO to develop and file with the Commission a modified reliability
standard under paragraph (4) or (5) of this subsection.
‘‘(e) ENFORCEMENT.—(1) The ERO may impose, subject to paragraph (2), a penalty on a user or owner or operator of the bulkpower system for a violation of a reliability standard approved
by the Commission under subsection (d) if the ERO, after notice
and an opportunity for a hearing—
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‘‘(A) finds that the user or owner or operator has violated
a reliability standard approved by the Commission under subsection (d); and
‘‘(B) files notice and the record of the proceeding with
the Commission.
‘‘(2) A penalty imposed under paragraph (1) may take effect
not earlier than the 31st day after the ERO files with the Commission notice of the penalty and the record of proceedings. Such
penalty shall be subject to review by the Commission, on its own
motion or upon application by the user, owner or operator that
is the subject of the penalty filed within 30 days after the date
such notice is filed with the Commission. Application to the Commission for review, or the initiation of review by the Commission
on its own motion, shall not operate as a stay of such penalty
unless the Commission otherwise orders upon its own motion or
upon application by the user, owner or operator that is the subject
of such penalty. In any proceeding to review a penalty imposed
under paragraph (1), the Commission, after notice and opportunity
for hearing (which hearing may consist solely of the record before
the ERO and opportunity for the presentation of supporting reasons
to affirm, modify, or set aside the penalty), shall by order affirm,
set aside, reinstate, or modify the penalty, and, if appropriate,
remand to the ERO for further proceedings. The Commission shall
implement expedited procedures for such hearings.
‘‘(3) On its own motion or upon complaint, the Commission
may order compliance with a reliability standard and may impose
a penalty against a user or owner or operator of the bulk-power
system if the Commission finds, after notice and opportunity for
a hearing, that the user or owner or operator of the bulk-power
system has engaged or is about to engage in any acts or practices
that constitute or will constitute a violation of a reliability standard.
‘‘(4) The Commission shall issue regulations authorizing the
ERO to enter into an agreement to delegate authority to a regional
entity for the purpose of proposing reliability standards to the
ERO and enforcing reliability standards under paragraph (1) if—
‘‘(A) the regional entity is governed by—
‘‘(i) an independent board;
‘‘(ii) a balanced stakeholder board; or
‘‘(iii) a combination independent and balanced stakeholder board.
‘‘(B) the regional entity otherwise satisfies the provisions
of subsection (c)(1) and (2); and
‘‘(C) the agreement promotes effective and efficient administration of bulk-power system reliability.
The Commission may modify such delegation. The ERO and the
Commission shall rebuttably presume that a proposal for delegation
to a regional entity organized on an Interconnection-wide basis
promotes effective and efficient administration of bulk-power system
reliability and should be approved. Such regulation may provide
that the Commission may assign the ERO’s authority to enforce
reliability standards under paragraph (1) directly to a regional
entity consistent with the requirements of this paragraph.
‘‘(5) The Commission may take such action as is necessary
or appropriate against the ERO or a regional entity to ensure
compliance with a reliability standard or any Commission order
affecting the ERO or a regional entity.
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‘‘(6) Any penalty imposed under this section shall bear a reasonable relation to the seriousness of the violation and shall take
into consideration the efforts of such user, owner, or operator to
remedy the violation in a timely manner.
‘‘(f) CHANGES IN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY ORGANIZATION RULES.—
The Electric Reliability Organization shall file with the Commission
for approval any proposed rule or proposed rule change, accompanied by an explanation of its basis and purpose. The Commission,
upon its own motion or complaint, may propose a change to the
rules of the ERO. A proposed rule or proposed rule change shall
take effect upon a finding by the Commission, after notice and
opportunity for comment, that the change is just, reasonable, not
unduly discriminatory or preferential, is in the public interest,
and satisfies the requirements of subsection (c).
‘‘(g) RELIABILITY REPORTS.—The ERO shall conduct periodic
assessments of the reliability and adequacy of the bulk-power
system in North America.
‘‘(h) COORDINATION WITH CANADA AND MEXICO.—The President
is urged to negotiate international agreements with the governments of Canada and Mexico to provide for effective compliance
with reliability standards and the effectiveness of the ERO in
the United States and Canada or Mexico.
‘‘(i) SAVINGS PROVISIONS.—(1) The ERO shall have authority
to develop and enforce compliance with reliability standards for
only the bulk-power system.
‘‘(2) This section does not authorize the ERO or the Commission
to order the construction of additional generation or transmission
capacity or to set and enforce compliance with standards for adequacy or safety of electric facilities or services.
‘‘(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preempt
any authority of any State to take action to ensure the safety,
adequacy, and reliability of electric service within that State, as
long as such action is not inconsistent with any reliability standard,
except that the State of New York may establish rules that result
in greater reliability within that State, as long as such action
does not result in lesser reliability outside the State than that
provided by the reliability standards.
‘‘(4) Within 90 days of the application of the Electric Reliability
Organization or other affected party, and after notice and opportunity for comment, the Commission shall issue a final order determining whether a State action is inconsistent with a reliability
standard, taking into consideration any recommendation of the
ERO.
‘‘(5) The Commission, after consultation with the ERO and
the State taking action, may stay the effectiveness of any State
action, pending the Commission’s issuance of a final order.
‘‘(j) REGIONAL ADVISORY BODIES.—The Commission shall establish a regional advisory body on the petition of at least two-thirds
of the States within a region that have more than one-half of
their electric load served within the region. A regional advisory
body shall be composed of one member from each participating
State in the region, appointed by the Governor of each State,
and may include representatives of agencies, States, and provinces
outside the United States. A regional advisory body may provide
advice to the Electric Reliability Organization, a regional entity,
or the Commission regarding the governance of an existing or
proposed regional entity within the same region, whether a standard
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proposed to apply within the region is just, reasonable, not unduly
discriminatory or preferential, and in the public interest, whether
fees proposed to be assessed within the region are just, reasonable,
not unduly discriminatory or preferential, and in the public interest
and any other responsibilities requested by the Commission. The
Commission may give deference to the advice of any such regional
advisory body if that body is organized on an Interconnectionwide basis.
‘‘(k) ALASKA AND HAWAII.—The provisions of this section do
not apply to Alaska or Hawaii.’’.
(b) STATUS OF ERO.—The Electric Reliability Organization certified by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission under section
215(c) of the Federal Power Act and any regional entity delegated
enforcement authority pursuant to section 215(e)(4) of that Act
are not departments, agencies, or instrumentalities of the United
States Government.
(c) ACCESS APPROVALS BY FEDERAL AGENCIES.—Federal agencies responsible for approving access to electric transmission or
distribution facilities located on lands within the United States
shall, in accordance with applicable law, expedite any Federal
agency approvals that are necessary to allow the owners or operators of such facilities to comply with any reliability standard,
approved by the Commission under section 215 of the Federal
Power Act, that pertains to vegetation management, electric service
restoration, or resolution of situations that imminently endanger
the reliability or safety of the facilities.
Subtitle B—Transmission Infrastructure
Modernization
SEC. 1221. SITING OF INTERSTATE ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION FACILITIES.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Part II of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C.
824 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘SEC. 216. SITING OF INTERSTATE ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION FACILITIES.
‘‘(a) DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL INTEREST ELECTRIC TRANSCORRIDORS.—(1) Not later than 1 year after the date of
enactment of this section and every 3 years thereafter, the Secretary
of Energy (referred to in this section as the ‘Secretary’), in consultation with affected States, shall conduct a study of electric transmission congestion.
‘‘(2) After considering alternatives and recommendations from
interested parties (including an opportunity for comment from
affected States), the Secretary shall issue a report, based on the
study, which may designate any geographic area experiencing electric energy transmission capacity constraints or congestion that
adversely affects consumers as a national interest electric transmission corridor.
‘‘(3) The Secretary shall conduct the study and issue the report
in consultation with any appropriate regional entity referred to
in section 215.
‘‘(4) In determining whether to designate a national interest
electric transmission corridor under paragraph (2), the Secretary
may consider whether—
MISSION
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‘‘(A) the economic vitality and development of the corridor,
or the end markets served by the corridor, may be constrained
by lack of adequate or reasonably priced electricity;
‘‘(B)(i) economic growth in the corridor, or the end markets
served by the corridor, may be jeopardized by reliance on limited sources of energy; and
‘‘(ii) a diversification of supply is warranted;
‘‘(C) the energy independence of the United States would
be served by the designation;
‘‘(D) the designation would be in the interest of national
energy policy; and
‘‘(E) the designation would enhance national defense and
homeland security.
‘‘(b) CONSTRUCTION PERMIT.—Except as provided in subsection
(i), the Commission may, after notice and an opportunity for
hearing, issue one or more permits for the construction or modification of electric transmission facilities in a national interest electric
transmission corridor designated by the Secretary under subsection
(a) if the Commission finds that—
‘‘(1)(A) a State in which the transmission facilities are
to be constructed or modified does not have authority to—
‘‘(i) approve the siting of the facilities; or
‘‘(ii) consider the interstate benefits expected to be
achieved by the proposed construction or modification of
transmission facilities in the State;
‘‘(B) the applicant for a permit is a transmitting utility
under this Act but does not qualify to apply for a permit
or siting approval for the proposed project in a State because
the applicant does not serve end-use customers in the State;
or
‘‘(C) a State commission or other entity that has authority
to approve the siting of the facilities has—
‘‘(i) withheld approval for more than 1 year after the
filing of an application seeking approval pursuant to
applicable law or 1 year after the designation of the relevant national interest electric transmission corridor,
whichever is later; or
‘‘(ii) conditioned its approval in such a manner that
the proposed construction or modification will not significantly reduce transmission congestion in interstate commerce or is not economically feasible;
‘‘(2) the facilities to be authorized by the permit will be
used for the transmission of electric energy in interstate commerce;
‘‘(3) the proposed construction or modification is consistent
with the public interest;
‘‘(4) the proposed construction or modification will significantly reduce transmission congestion in interstate commerce
and protects or benefits consumers;
‘‘(5) the proposed construction or modification is consistent
with sound national energy policy and will enhance energy
independence; and
‘‘(6) the proposed modification will maximize, to the extent
reasonable and economical, the transmission capabilities of
existing towers or structures.
‘‘(c) PERMIT APPLICATIONS.—(1) Permit applications under subsection (b) shall be made in writing to the Commission.
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‘‘(2) The Commission shall issue rules specifying—
‘‘(A) the form of the application;
‘‘(B) the information to be contained in the application;
and
‘‘(C) the manner of service of notice of the permit application on interested persons.
‘‘(d) COMMENTS.—In any proceeding before the Commission
under subsection (b), the Commission shall afford each State in
which a transmission facility covered by the permit is or will be
located, each affected Federal agency and Indian tribe, private
property owners, and other interested persons, a reasonable opportunity to present their views and recommendations with respect
to the need for and impact of a facility covered by the permit.
‘‘(e) RIGHTS-OF-WAY.—(1) In the case of a permit under subsection (b) for electric transmission facilities to be located on property other than property owned by the United States or a State,
if the permit holder cannot acquire by contract, or is unable to
agree with the owner of the property to the compensation to be
paid for, the necessary right-of-way to construct or modify the
transmission facilities, the permit holder may acquire the rightof-way by the exercise of the right of eminent domain in the district
court of the United States for the district in which the property
concerned is located, or in the appropriate court of the State in
which the property is located.
‘‘(2) Any right-of-way acquired under paragraph (1) shall be
used exclusively for the construction or modification of electric
transmission facilities within a reasonable period of time after
the acquisition.
‘‘(3) The practice and procedure in any action or proceeding
under this subsection in the district court of the United States
shall conform as nearly as practicable to the practice and procedure
in a similar action or proceeding in the courts of the State in
which the property is located.
‘‘(4) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize
the use of eminent domain to acquire a right-of-way for any purpose
other than the construction, modification, operation, or maintenance
of electric transmission facilities and related facilities. The rightof-way cannot be used for any other purpose, and the right-ofway shall terminate upon the termination of the use for which
the right-of-way was acquired.
‘‘(f) COMPENSATION.—(1) Any right-of-way acquired pursuant
to subsection (e) shall be considered a taking of private property
for which just compensation is due.
‘‘(2) Just compensation shall be an amount equal to the fair
market value (including applicable severance damages) of the property taken on the date of the exercise of eminent domain authority.
‘‘(g) STATE LAW.—Nothing in this section precludes any person
from constructing or modifying any transmission facility in accordance with State law.
‘‘(h) COORDINATION OF FEDERAL AUTHORIZATIONS FOR TRANSMISSION FACILITIES.—(1) In this subsection:
‘‘(A) The term ‘Federal authorization’ means any authorization required under Federal law in order to site a transmission
facility.
‘‘(B) The term ‘Federal authorization’ includes such permits,
special use authorizations, certifications, opinions, or other
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approvals as may be required under Federal law in order to
site a transmission facility.
‘‘(2) The Department of Energy shall act as the lead agency
for purposes of coordinating all applicable Federal authorizations
and related environmental reviews of the facility.
‘‘(3) To the maximum extent practicable under applicable Federal law, the Secretary shall coordinate the Federal authorization
and review process under this subsection with any Indian tribes,
multistate entities, and State agencies that are responsible for
conducting any separate permitting and environmental reviews of
the facility, to ensure timely and efficient review and permit
decisions.
‘‘(4)(A) As head of the lead agency, the Secretary, in consultation
with agencies responsible for Federal authorizations and, as appropriate, with Indian tribes, multistate entities, and State agencies
that are willing to coordinate their own separate permitting and
environmental reviews with the Federal authorization and environmental reviews, shall establish prompt and binding intermediate
milestones and ultimate deadlines for the review of, and Federal
authorization decisions relating to, the proposed facility.
‘‘(B) The Secretary shall ensure that, once an application has
been submitted with such data as the Secretary considers necessary,
all permit decisions and related environmental reviews under all
applicable Federal laws shall be completed—
‘‘(i) within 1 year; or
‘‘(ii) if a requirement of another provision of Federal law
does not permit compliance with clause (i), as soon thereafter
as is practicable.
‘‘(C) The Secretary shall provide an expeditious pre-application
mechanism for prospective applicants to confer with the agencies
involved to have each such agency determine and communicate
to the prospective applicant not later than 60 days after the prospective applicant submits a request for such information concerning—
‘‘(i) the likelihood of approval for a potential facility; and
‘‘(ii) key issues of concern to the agencies and public.
‘‘(5)(A) As lead agency head, the Secretary, in consultation
with the affected agencies, shall prepare a single environmental
review document, which shall be used as the basis for all decisions
on the proposed project under Federal law.
‘‘(B) The Secretary and the heads of other agencies shall streamline the review and permitting of transmission within corridors
designated under section 503 of the Federal Land Policy and
Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1763) by fully taking into account
prior analyses and decisions relating to the corridors.
‘‘(C) The document shall include consideration by the relevant
agencies of any applicable criteria or other matters as required
under applicable law.
‘‘(6)(A) If any agency has denied a Federal authorization
required for a transmission facility, or has failed to act by the
deadline established by the Secretary pursuant to this section for
deciding whether to issue the authorization, the applicant or any
State in which the facility would be located may file an appeal
with the President, who shall, in consultation with the affected
agency, review the denial or failure to take action on the pending
application.
‘‘(B) Based on the overall record and in consultation with the
affected agency, the President may—
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‘‘(i) issue the necessary authorization with any appropriate
conditions; or
‘‘(ii) deny the application.
‘‘(C) The President shall issue a decision not later than 90
days after the date of the filing of the appeal.
‘‘(D) In making a decision under this paragraph, the President
shall comply with applicable requirements of Federal law, including
any requirements of—
‘‘(i) the National Forest Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C.
472a et seq.);
‘‘(ii) the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531
et seq.);
‘‘(iii) the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C.
1251 et seq.);
‘‘(iv) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); and
‘‘(v) the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976
(43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
‘‘(7)(A) Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment
of this section, the Secretary shall issue any regulations necessary
to implement this subsection.
‘‘(B)(i) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of
this section, the Secretary and the heads of all Federal agencies
with authority to issue Federal authorizations shall enter into a
memorandum of understanding to ensure the timely and coordinated review and permitting of electricity transmission facilities.
‘‘(ii) Interested Indian tribes, multistate entities, and State
agencies may enter the memorandum of understanding.
‘‘(C) The head of each Federal agency with authority to issue
a Federal authorization shall designate a senior official responsible
for, and dedicate sufficient other staff and resources to ensure,
full implementation of the regulations and memorandum required
under this paragraph.
‘‘(8)(A) Each Federal land use authorization for an electricity
transmission facility shall be issued—
‘‘(i) for a duration, as determined by the Secretary, commensurate with the anticipated use of the facility; and
‘‘(ii) with appropriate authority to manage the right-ofway for reliability and environmental protection.
‘‘(B) On the expiration of the authorization (including an
authorization issued before the date of enactment of this section),
the authorization shall be reviewed for renewal taking fully into
account reliance on such electricity infrastructure, recognizing the
importance of the authorization for public health, safety, and economic welfare and as a legitimate use of Federal land.
‘‘(9) In exercising the responsibilities under this section, the
Secretary shall consult regularly with—
‘‘(A) the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission;
‘‘(B) electric reliability organizations (including related
regional entities) approved by the Commission; and
‘‘(C) Transmission Organizations approved by the Commission.
‘‘(i) INTERSTATE COMPACTS.—(1) The consent of Congress is
given for three or more contiguous States to enter into an interstate
compact, subject to approval by Congress, establishing regional
transmission siting agencies to—
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‘‘(A) facilitate siting of future electric energy transmission
facilities within those States; and
‘‘(B) carry out the electric energy transmission siting
responsibilities of those States.
‘‘(2) The Secretary may provide technical assistance to regional
transmission siting agencies established under this subsection.
‘‘(3) The regional transmission siting agencies shall have the
authority to review, certify, and permit siting of transmission facilities, including facilities in national interest electric transmission
corridors (other than facilities on property owned by the United
States).
‘‘(4) The Commission sh