Verpackungsmaterialien, Umweltanforderungen, 41A0612

Verpackungsmaterialien, Umweltanforderungen, 41A0612
Engineering Specification
Lenovo Packaging Specification 41A0613
Recyclable Packaging Materials
Selection and Identification
Written by:
Oliver Peng
Reviewed by: Royal Bai
Approved by: Karen Lee
PN 41A0613
Page 1 of 29
20JAN2013
21JAN2013
21JAN2013
World Wide Package Engineering
Manager, Global Procurement Engineering
Sr. Manager, Global Procurement Engineering
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
REVISION HISTORY
Rev
R0
R1
R2
R3
Revision Description
Creation
Add EU waste bin symbol regulation
Update Korean Discharge Marks for Packaging
New Marks are mandatory from 1JUNLY2012
Add 2.4 Marking of Patents on page 14
PN 41A0613
Page 2 of 29
Date
24MAY2006
15MAY2010
Approved by
Mo Shayesteh
Sarah Yu
28APR2012
Karen Lee
21JAN2013
Royal Bai/Karen Lee
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Abstract
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Compliance
1.4 Scope
1.5 Application
1.6 Referenced Documents
2.0 Requirements
2.1 Cellulosic Materials
2.2 Polymeric Material
2.3 Miscellaneous Recycling Symbols
2.4 Marking of Patents
2.5 Summarized Mandatory Requirements for Packaging Material Coding System
2.6 Responsibilities of Lenovo’s Suppliers
2.7 Local Lenovo Responsibilities
3.0 Japanese Symbols for Paper and Plastic Packaging Materials
4.0 Korean Discharge Marks for Packaging
5.0 Chinese Markings for Packaging
6.0 Definitions and Key Words
PN 41A0613
Page 3 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
6
6
11
14
14
14
17
18
18
23
26
27
Engineering Specification
1.0 Introduction
1.1
Abstract
Lenovo uses a comprehensive waste management system to reduce the impact of our waste
materials on the solid waste stream. This integrated system emphasizes source reduction and
recycling programs prior to investigating alternatives for disposal.
Material recycling strategies will focus upon the use of:
1. Recycled material(s) in our packaging.
2. Other materials which provide a resource for secondary applications (e.g., recyclable
materials).
1.2
Purpose
To establish parameters for the recycled content to be included in corrugated and plastic
packaging.
To reduce and/or eliminate the use of non-recyclable materials or materials compositions
that prevents or hinders the recycling of Lenovo packaging after use.
To promote recycling by providing information (in the form of markings), which will increase
the likelihood that our packaging materials will be recycled.
1.3
Compliance
Compliance with the requirements herein will be enforced as a condition of purchase per
Lenovo purchase contracts. When the requirements of this specification conflict with applicable
governmental regulations, the more stringent shall take precedence.
Related international standards include ISO 11469, DIN 6120 (Germany), ISO 1043, the
Japanese “Law for Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources" (4/2001) and the Korean
“Extended Producer Responsibility” law (1/2003) and the Chinese “Packaging Recycling Marks
Standard (GB 18455-2001). This specification aims to comply with all of these; routinely
applied to all subject materials.
1.4
Scope
This specification considers two ways recycling may be used to reduce our contribution to
municipal solid waste.
1.5
It redirects material which would otherwise be sent to a landfill.
It may conserve natural resources or reduce the amount of waste material generated from
processes which utilize raw or virgin materials.
Application
1. This specification applies to all primary, secondary, and tertiary packaging for products,
devices, parts, subassemblies, materials, and supplies purchased by Lenovo for use in its
manufacturing and distribution operations.
2. This specification applies to all packaging used in protecting, handling, or marketing of
Lenovo products, parts and supplies including those manufactured by an OEM.
PN 41A0613
Page 4 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
3. This specification is to include, but is not limited to, the following packaging materials and
packaging components:
1.6
Thermoplastic cushion (RLDPE/RHDPE)
Molded cushions (of any resin)
Fabricated cushions (of any resin)
Corrugated fiberboard
Paperboard
Rigid and flexible plastics
Referenced Documents
The following represent the regulatory force behind these requirements in the various countries
that are affected or an internationally recognized standard (ISO, DIN, etc.).
Table 1: External Documents and Standards
Country
Japan
Korea
ISO 11469
ISO 1043
FTC
Germany
China
EU
Document Title / Description
"Law for Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources"
Japanese Ordinance No.1 of the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of
Trade and Industry"
Extended Producer Responsibility (http://www.epr.or.kr)
Korea Environment and Resources Corporation (http://www.envico.or.kr)
“Plastics -- Generic identification and marking of plastics products”
Plastics -- Symbol and abbreviated terms (4 parts):
Economy,
Date
4/26/1991
3/28/2001
1/2003
1/2003
5/11/2000
Part 1: Basic polymers and their special characteristics
/2000
Part 2: Fillers and reinforcing materials
Part 3: Plasticizers
Part 4: Flame Retardants
Part 260 - “Guides for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims”
DIN 6120-1: Marking of Packaging and Packing Material for the Purpose of Recovery Plastics Packaging and Packing Material - Part 1: Artwork / Graphics
DIN 6120-2: Marking of Packaging and Packing Material for the Purpose of Recovery Plastics Packaging and Packing Material - Part 2: Additional Marking
GB 18455-2001: Packaging Recycling Marks
Restrictions of Hazardous Substances, MII Order Number 39
EU only directive
/2000
/1996
/1998
/1998
12/1996
12/1996
12/2001
3/2006
/2006
Table 2: Lenovo Internal Documents
Part No.
41A0681
41A0682
41A0683
PN 41A0613
Page 5 of 29
Document Title / Description
Artwork for Japanese Symbols for PLASTIC materials
Artwork for Japanese Symbols for PAPER materials
Artwork for Korean Recycle Symbols
Date
5/19/2006
5/19/2006
5/22/2006
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
2.0 Requirements
Japanese, Korean, & Chinese marking requirements are now a part of this specification. In
short, this means that packaging materials subject to identification marking requirements will
bear the traditional symbols included herein and in addition will bear the Japanese, Korean, &
Chinese symbol(s) if required. Not all marks in this document are mandatory. A lot of the
information in this document is meant to provide you with background and guidelines for usage
of any markings or marketing claims you choose to use on packaging. This specification also
includes general performance requirements and recycled material content guidelines. If only
looking for marking requirements, refer to sections 2.4, 3.0, 4.0, & 5.0 of this document for
convenient summary tables of these mandatory symbols.
The European waste bin symbol intended to prevent discarding batteries into the trash is now
part of this specification. Reference: European Union Battery Directive: 2006/66/EC
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2006/l_266/l_26620060926en00010014.pdf
General rule for recycling: Packaging parts should be separable for the purpose of recycling
without requiring special tools or treatment .
2.1
Cellulosic Materials
2.1.1 Performance of Recycled Paper Products
The following principles should be adopted to achieve maximum performance from recycled
paper products:
•
Use a recycled fiber source of premium grade (long fiber length).
•
Use a recycled fiber source that is free of contaminants.
•
Use of recycled fiber should not result in poor performance.
High-performance corrugated packaging is best achieved through the specification of
performance properties (e.g., compression strength) and not necessarily the material burst
strength.
2.1.1.1
Guidelines for Recycled Fiber Content
Corrugated fiberboard packaging should be manufactured using a minimum of 50% recycled
fiber content using the maximum available post consumer material where adequate supplies
exist without compromising needed performance.
2.1.1.2 Calculating Recycled Fiber Content
Because corrugated mediums travel in the vertical as well as horizontal direction, take-up
factors must be used when calculating a material’s combined basis weight to compensate for
the additional material. Industry approximations for the take-up factors are shown below:
Flute
A
B
PN 41A0613
Page 6 of 29
Take-up Factor
1.55
1.35
Typical Example:
Board Type:
Flute:
Double wall
B/C
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
C
1.43
Test:
Liner Combination:
Combined Basis Weight:
350 psi
/26/44/26/42
200 lbs/msf
Sample Calculation: The combination of 100% recycled mediums and interior liners with nearvirgin outside liners produces a high-performance, corrugated product with a proportionately
large amount of recycled fiber. An example of a high-performance board with a similarly high
contribution from reclaimed material is illustrated in Table 3.
Table 3:
Recycled Content Calculation
Basis
Weight
(lbs/msf)
Component
Liner board
Liner board
Medium
Medium
42
44
26
26
Total
200
(times)
Recycled
Content
(%)
25%
100%
100%
100%
(equals)
Recycled
Content
(lbs/msf)
10.5
44.0
26.0
26.0
(times)
Take-up
Factor
--1.43
1.35
(times)
Quantity
2
1
1
1
(equals) Total
Recycled
Content
(lbs/msf)
21.0
44.0
37.2
35.1
137
Recycled
137 lbs/msf
Content (%) = --------------- = 68.5%
200 lbs/msf
2.1.2 Recycling Aids for Second-Generation Cellulosic Materials
Lenovo wishes to reduce or eliminate the use of non-recyclable packaging materials and
packaging materials compositions that hinder recycling. The performance of any recycled
paper products may be enhanced by incorporating any or all of these Lenovo required practices
that apply:
Eliminate the use of free-rise foam-in-place where feasible.
Eliminate the use of adhesives to commingle materials (e.g., foam cushions glued to a
corrugated pad).
Minimize the use of bleached white corrugated board or oyster white board.
Use water/soy-based inks when printing packaging materials. Ink components that have
been FDA/USDA approved are the only acceptable alternatives.
Use only functional coatings or impregnating that does not adversely affect material recycling.
Some coatings that aid resistance to water, grease, or scuffing may be used with no adverse
effect on material recycling. Avoid wax based coatings.
Avoid the use of film laminations and/or cross-linked resins such as urea formaldehyde or
polyethylene coated paperboard or solid bleached sulfate (SBS). Exceptions may apply for
packaging designed for reuse.
PN 41A0613
Page 7 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Unless specifically instructed otherwise, use paper or plastic tape or starch glues in place of
staples and hot-melt adhesives on the container's manufacturer joint and/or closures.
2.1.3
Recycling Symbols and General Usage Guidelines for Paper Packaging
The symbols shown below are consistent with the original recycling symbol promulgated by the
American Forest and Paper Association (AFPA) and its predecessors, including the American
Paper Institute and the Container Corporation of America. These symbols are typically used on
paper & paperboard products. On these products you will usually see the recycled symbol
with an explanation denoting the percentage of recycled content. However, even paper and
paperboard products already made from recycled materials can be considered recyclable. It’s
important for consumers to keep in mind, that recovered paper fibers can not be recycled
indefinitely. Paper fiber eventually breaks down into short, weak fibers that are not strong
enough to be recycled into new paper products. For this reason, it’s necessary for the paper
industry to harvest new fiber that can be infused into the recycled paper manufacturing process.
The following guidelines are intended to encourage consistent usage of the recycling symbol
throughout the paper industry and by its customers. The guidelines were developed by the
association's membership and conform with the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) Guides for
the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims. "To the maximum extent feasible, the AF&PA and
its member companies will urge proper use of the paper recycling symbols by its customers."
The following excerpts are from the AFPAs Paper Recycling Symbol Guidelines
Brochure:
“Used alone, the recycling symbol communicates that a paper product or package is both
recyclable and made entirely from recycled material. As few products or packages can make
both claims, use of the symbol alone is limited. In most cases, the recycling symbol must be
accompanied by qualifying statements to clarify the intended claims.”
“Using the recycling symbol to make a claim that a product or package is “recyclable” requires
recycling collection programs to be available in a substantial majority of communities for that
product or package. Making a “recyclable” claim is generally not recommended, as it is difficult
to meet these criteria. If a “recyclable” claim is made, a qualifying statement should accompany
the recycling symbol. Consider the following:
ACCEPTABLE:
“This package may not be recyclable in your area.”
UNACCEPTABLE:
“Recyclable where facilities exist.” This statement is not acceptable because it may lead
consumers to believe that recycling facilities exist in their area.”
PN 41A0613
Page 8 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
For more information about the use of the recycling symbol or to view a copy of the FTC's
Guides for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims, you can visit the AFPA’s website. The
AFPA's Paper Recycling Symbol Guidelines brochure can also be found there.
Additional Background
The original Mobius loop design with the three chasing arrows twisting & turning among
themselves has transformed over the years. The symbols are often used interchangeably
as their use is not regulated, nor required (when first developed the symbols lost the
case for a trademark and fell into the public domain). With this in mind, the new China
RoHS requirements have adopted the use of this symbol as a way of identifying the material
(Paper based). Its use is not required, but rather an acceptable alternative to the China paper
based markings. Its usage is defined in Table 4 and Section 5 of this document.
Print Location Guidelines
If part-specific artwork has not been included with the purchase order, the symbol used should
be printed near the box maker's certificate in approximately the same size or in accordance with
the Chinese requirements in Section 5 of this document. Markings should appear on bottom
major flaps of RSC or HSC type containers and the width panels of tubes/sleeves (Example:
double-cover containers).
Recyclable Content Symbols
These symbols represent two variations of the original recycling symbol. The upper
symbol in outline form is accepted as the universal recycling symbol, while the lower one
was a modification. Paper products typically display the outline form, often with lettering
such as - Recyclable. When identified with one of the symbols, packaging materials are
referred to as recyclable or able to be recycled. Although the symbols are used on
packaging distributed nationwide, the laws governing collection of these products for the
purpose of recycling are determined locally and can vary widely.
Recycled Content Symbols
100% Recycled Content
Packaging marked with this symbol was manufactured with 100% recycled materials.
Typically, additional information is included with the symbol such as - 'Printed on
recycled paper' or ‘100% recycled material’ or simply ‘Recycled’. The text is usually
located to the right of or below the symbol. See example below.
PN 41A0613
Page 9 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
The AFPA promotes the use of the 100% recycled symbol on all
paper products that are manufactured with 100% recovered
paper fiber. Containers that are free of contaminants (e.g.,
corrugated coatings) should be marked with a symbol.
When a percentage is indicated within this symbol, that percentage of the product has
been made from recycled post consumer materials.
Partial Recycled Content
This symbol differs from the others by having solid black arrows within an outer black
circle. The circle denotes that at least some content came from recycled material. As
with the 100% Recycled Content symbol, additional information is typically included, such
as – 50% Total Recovered Fiber/25% Post Consumer Content or 50% Recycled Content.
The text is usually located to the right of or below the symbol. See example below.
The AFPA recycled content symbol may be used to identify any
paper based packaging that’s manufactured from less than 100%
recycled paper fibers. The term "total recycled fiber" or "total
recycled paper" may be used in place of "total recovered fiber".
This symbol must state recycled content within 5% (by weight).
Subsidiary Content Claim
A statement of subsidiary content information may be included directly below the primary claim
as shown in the above tables. The subsidiary claim should be used to clarify the percentage of
recovered paper fibers obtained from post consumer sources. Example: Substitute 40% POST
CONSUMER for YY% SUBSIDIARY CLAIM.
Additional Symbols for Paper Products (May Require License Agreement)
This symbol is specific to the use of recycled paperboard. The graphical
CARTON MADE WITH portion is a registered trademark and is controlled by the 100% Recycled
Paperboard Alliance, an association of paperboard manufacturers. This
symbol may be used provided a licensing agreement is in place. The
registered trademark is in green for illustration purposes. The symbol and
explanation can be interpreted as follows: The paperboard material of the
MINIMUM 25% POST carton has been made from 100% recycled content. Of that recycled
CONSUMER CONTENT content, at least 25% came from post consumer content. In other words, at
least 25% of the paperboard used to make the carton came from recycled
PN 41A0613
Page 10 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
products that passed through the hands of consumers.
The Corrugated Packaging Council (CPC) has developed a recyclable
symbol for use on corrugated packaging. The symbol may be used without
specific permission on all corrugated products that are readily recyclable. If a
corrugated product is coated with a material that is not convertible to pulp,
then it is not readily recyclable. A wax or asphalt coating, for example,
prevents a corrugated product from being readily recyclable. The symbol is
merely a general statement that the corrugated product on which it appears
can be recycled. It is not meant to imply that any content was already
recycled or a product of recycling. The CPC is a non-profit organization that
develops and coordinates industry-wide programs to address corrugated
packaging issues. It is sponsored by the Association of Independent
Corrugated Converters (AICC), and the Fibre Box Association (FBA). This
mark is only applicable in the United States.
This symbol shown in the table below is only used in Europe, specifically for
the German market. It is a symbol that indicates compliance to requirements
which guarantee that the material bearing this symbol is recyclable. It
obligates German recycling companies to collect and recycle the material.
Use of the symbol must be applied for and a fee assessed. Application can
be made through local European paper or corrugated manufacturers or
directly through RESY GmbH, PO Box 101541, 64295 Darmstadt, Germany
(Email: [email protected]). For detailed information see the RESY GmbH
website http://www.resy.de. In this figure, 10330 represents a unique
identifier assigned to a specific corrugated manufacturer or user.
2.2
Polymeric Material
2.2.1 Guidelines for Recycled Resin Content
In addition to specifying the use of easily recyclable materials, Lenovo Corporation promotes
recycling through its purchase of products that contain recycled materials. To assist in
achieving this objective, Lenovo requires that plastic packaging must be manufactured using the
maximum possible post consumer recycled resin. This requirement is contingent upon several
factors, including the existence of processes that produce equivalent performing materials.
The percentage of post consumer content technically achievable depends on the chemistry of
the material utilized, the performance requirements of its end use application, and the
availability of usable post consumer recycled feed stocks. Due to these variables, this
requirement will be measured on an individual application basis. For example, polyurethane
foams are currently produced using a process that does not permit recycled resin to supplement
prime material while some high density polyethylene (HDPE) materials can achieve up to 100%
recycled content. It is Lenovo’s intention for suppliers to assess the use of post consumer
recycled resin for Lenovo applications, and utilize the maximum percentage content practicable.
PN 41A0613
Page 11 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
SPI Resin Identification Code - Guide to Correct Usage:
http://www.plasticsindustry.org/outreach/recycling/2124.htm
Note: Rigid plastic packaging containers (RPPCs) with a minimum capacity of 0.236 liters
(eight ounces) or its equivalent volume and a maximum capacity of 19 liters (five gallons) or its
equivalent volume must be manufactured with at least 25% post consumer recycled content
material or be reused a minimum of five times, in order to be sold in the states of California or
Oregon. Certification for the above two options is required within 60 days of receiving
notification via certified mail. For the 25% post consumer recycled content option, certification
should be obtained from the container manufacturer. The five time reuse option must be
certified by the product manufacturer.
http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Publications/Plastics/43205002.pdf
2.2.2 Plastic Coding System (applicable to Rigid Plastic Packaging Containers)
The Society of Plastics Industry (SPI) has developed a coding system that identifies the
commonly used plastic resins for the purpose of recycling. Although originally designed to assist
plastic bottle manufacturers, some industrial plastic manufacturers and users of plastic
packaging have adopted use of the system to assist them with resin sortation for recycling.
In Figure 1, "A" and "B" indicate the percent of recycled content of the material in the form: post
consumer/total recycled material. This presents a straightforward means of identifying the
recycled content of the material, yet eliminates the potential for misleading marketing claims.
The recycled composition of a packaging part may be described as follows:
(A)
25% Post consumer waste recycled content
15% Industrial waste recycled content
---------------------------------------------------------(B)
40% Total recycled content
60% Material
----------------------------------------------------------100% Total
(C) = the figure outline; an isosceles triangle comprised of chasing arrows.
(D) = the numerical identification for the material and has been taken from the SPI standard.
Refer to Table 4 for a list of selectable SPI resin numbers. Use of the SPI resin number "07" is
in conjunction with the ISO 1043 acronym. If the plastic is not a pure resin, it should bear the
mark "Other" in place of the ISO 1043 acronym.
(E) = the acronym identifying the material. The ISO 1043 acronyms are identified in Table 4. It is
essential that the SPI resin number "07" be accompanied by the ISO 1043 acronym, if
appropriate.
Figure 1. The Resin Identifier
PN 41A0613
Page 12 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Note: “A” & “B” are not required, but this guideline eliminates the potential for misleading
marketing claims.
Application of the resin identifier requires that resins be 99% pure to avoid contamination during
subsequent recycling.
If the plastic part is not manufactured from 100% post consumer recycled materials, a
qualification must be made which clearly identifies the minimum percentage of recycled plastic
in the package. This qualifier must state recycled content within 5% (by weight). Suppliers of
plastic packaging having knowledge that their materials contain or have been in contact with
contaminants, including hazardous materials must consider the effects of these elements and
may best serve the recycling effort by intentionally omitting the resin identifier.
2.2.3 Marking of the Resin Identifier
Molded Parts
When marking a molded plastic piece with the resin identifier, it is recommended that the
identifier be embossed on the part ejection pins. Because the pins are not an integral part of the
mold, the molder selects the appropriately marked pin whenever new parts are molded. This
method of imprinting is preferred as this process allows flexibility in resin recycled content
identification. It also adds little expense to tool development or the piece price of molded
cushion parts. Each time a cushion is molded, the resin identifier (e.g., six for EPS) and
recycled content will be permanently displayed on the molded part.
Fabricated Parts
It is recommended that fabricated parts including those made of polyurethane or polyethylene
similarly apply the resin identifier using either hot wire imprinting or a stamp which prints the
appropriate mark using permanent ink. Caution must be used when selecting the ink and
location to ensure it does not smear or transfer to the machine covers. Each individual
component must be marked. The marking may be applied with a small permanent label if that
is the only way to achieve compliance.
PN 41A0613
Page 13 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
2.3
Miscellaneous Symbols (May Require License Agreement)
A generic form of the plastic resin identification code is also being utilized to
designate recyclability of other packaging materials. Usually there’s descriptive text
designating the particular content. This is apparent with the new China RoHS
requirements.
The ‘green dot’ was originally developed by a privately owned non-profit German
company, in 1991. It has since been adopted by other countries of the European
Union. The presence of this symbol on packaging denotes that the manufacturer of
the package has purchased a license for the right to use the 'green dot' trademark.
The cumulative license fees fund a system of not only recovering & recycling
packaging materials, but also of minimizing the use of packaging material, and of
creating packaging that is easier to recycle (It is NOT a recycling mark). This mark
is mandatory in some European countries and should be applied to all Lenovo primary packs, most
likely a corrugated carton, but could also be placed on a paperboard insert used in a retail blister pack.
2.4
Marking of Patents
All Thermoplastic cushions (RLDPE/RHDPE) must be marked with the following phrase: “Pat.
www.lenovo.com/legal/patents.html”. No patent numbers should be listed on the thermoplastic
cushions (RLDPE/RHDPE).
2.5
Summarized Mandatory Requirements for Packaging Material Coding
System
Note: This summary section does not include usage of Japanese & Korean Markings.
Nor does it include some additional specifics for the Chinese Markings. Please see
Sections 3.0, 4.0, &
5.0 for additional requirements.
Guidance:
For items highlighted in GREEN, mark these routinely even if not specifically
mandated by China. For those items highlighted in GRAY, marking is optional, but encouraged.
Specifically, if the item is already being printed or labeled with other information (i.e.: Part
Numbers) add the material code markings. When marking, apply them regardless of origin or
destination. Priority for markings is on external primary and secondary packaging.
Markings listed as optional and highlighted in gray are based on the example given and Lenovo
usage. If the primary exterior packaging was made of these materials then the marking would
be mandatory. Marks may be applied by printing, labeling, embossing or molding in. Colors
may match existing package printing colors. Pay special attention to the leading zero now
included in the summary table for plastics. This is the specified format in Chinese Standard
GB 18455 and should be followed. However, do not scrap materials that are marked with the
single digit number as shown in the table below. Interpretations and guidance for China RoHS
requirements are subject to change at any time based on practical experience.
PN 41A0613
Page 14 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Although codes have been assigned for various materials in the EU, aside from plastics, they
are not commonly used. Therefore, if there is a conflict between the EU code and the China
code, apply the China code. Also, if there is no code for China for a given material, then
existing markings may be used. For instance, the code “OTHER” for plastic group #07 may be
used. The Chinese standard GB 18455-2001 aims to harmonize with global industry practice,
so changes are possible that would improve commonality.
Table 4: Summary of Packaging Material Categories and their respective Identification Codes
Yellow Highlighting indicates apparent conflict between EU codes and Chinese codes
Material
Packaging Material
ISO 1043-1 EU/ SPI
EU
China China
Specific Examples used in EIP
Category
Description
Code
Code Initials Code Initials
Packaging for Clarity (not all are
SPI #
necessarily used by Lenovo)
Plastics
Polyethylene Terepthalate (1)
PETE
01
PET
01
Retail molded blisters and trays
PET
High Density Polyethylene
PE-HD
HDPE
02
HDPE
02
Blow Molded Conts., Cushions, bottles
Flexible Packaging made from HDPE
Polyvinyl Chloride (2)
PVC
V
03
PVC
03
Retail molded blisters and trays
Skin wrap, shrink wrap, stretch wrap
Low Density Polyethylene
PE-LD
LDPE
04
LDPE
04
Molded & Fabricated Cushions
Stretch Wrap, Poly Bags, Bubble wrap
Polypropylene
PP
PP
05
PP
05
Molded containers, Cushions, Bottles
Carton Sealing Tape
Polystyrene (includes Arcel™)
PS
PS
06
PS
06
Molded Cushions, trays
Polyurethane (Ester Type)
PURS
Other
07
Fabricated Polyurethane Cushions
Polyurethane (Ether Type)
PEUR
Other
07
Commingled/Mixed Resin
Other
07
Carton Sealing Tape, Polyester or
Nylon banding
Composites (3) Plastic / Aluminum (4)
Plastic / Tin
Plastic / Mixed Metals
Plastic / Glass
Glass / Aluminum
Glass / Tin
Glass / Mixed Metals
Paper or Fibreboard / Plastic
Paper
Metals
Paper or Fibreboard / Aluminum
Paper or Fibreboard / Tin
Paper or Fibreboard / Mixed Metals
Paper or Fibreboard / Plastics / Metals
Note (5)
Note (6)
Corrugated
Cardboard (7)
Non-Corrugated
Solid Fibreboard
Paper
Paperboard
Corrugated
Fibreboard (7)
Steel
PN 41A0613
Page 15 of 29
-
-
-
11
12
13
14
21
22
23
31
PAP
20
CB
32
33
34
41
-
PAP
21
NCFB
-
ESD shielded bags & ESD barrier bags
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
Bubble lined Jiffy bags - External pkg’g
Bubble lined Jiffy bags - Internal pkg’g
Aluminum Foil Lined insulated cartons
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
Armacel Conts. w/ metal attachments
Primary & secondary shipping cartons
Layer pads, dividers, & Inserts
Stiffeners, corner boards, Edge Guards
PAP
PAP
PAP
22
-
WPP
PB
CFB (8)
-
Pad-Pak, newsprint, tissue, pulp
Chipboard/SBS cartons & dividers
Corrupad™
FE
40
FE
-
Pallet/Ramp reinforcements, hardware
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Wood (9)
Fabrics
Glass (10)
(nuts, bolts, screws, nails). Steel
Banding
No known application in EIP packaging
Aluminum
ALU
41
ALU
-
Wood
FOR
50
NW
-
Cork
FOR
51
-
-
Plywood, solid wood, oriented
strandboard (OSB), particle board.
No known application in EIP packaging
Cotton
Jute
Colorless/Clear Glass
Green Glass
Brown Glass
TEX
TEX
GL
GL
GL
60
61
70
71
72
GL1
GL3
GL2
-
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
No known application in EIP packaging
(1) In the scientific community they call polyethylene terephthalate, "PET", but the recycling code is PETE. Although the acronym PETE was
adopted by manufacturers to identify packaging made from PET, primarily in response to a potential trademark dispute, a recycling symbol
that includes the designation PET rather than PETE has been identified on packages of products imported from outside of the US.
(2) Reminder: Lenovo prohibits the use of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) for packaging applications.
(3) Identifying the major components under the symbol of the composite material, as shown in the chart, is highly encouraged.
(4) ESD Shielding bags and moisture barrier bags could be considered code “11”. However, industry convention has used “07” for these in
the past. Lenovo’s opinion is that these should be marked as “11”; however, we will defer to industry convention to avoid trouble if
consensus settles on “07” for these materials.
(5) The normal chasing arrows symbol commonly used for corrugated board may be used without any initials (example: PAP or CB). Do Not
rework items that contain the twisting arrows symbol. Use both symbols in future packaging development.
(6) The “Green Dot” is mandatory in multiple European countries. In today’s supply chain product can ship from anywhere, to anywhere,
therefore the mark should be placed on all Lenovo packaging, regardless of origin or destination. The symbol is to be placed on the
packaging itself or on the label and is compulsory to display it on primary packaging, with the exception of specific, duly justified cases in
which there is a degree of flexibility, as provided by law. Placing it on the secondary or tertiary packaging is optional. It is listed in the chart
under Paper, but it could also be placed on other materials based on the product’s primary package or on the label itself.
(7) The layman term “corrugated cardboard” is widely used as meaning for the typical corrugated fiberboard box. In the packaging industry
this is not a technical term (cardboard) to describe material; however, Lenovo must use the markings how they are intended for China RoHS.
The term “corrugated fiberboard” is the standard technical term used by the packaging field to describe a standard corrugated box, but in the
GB 18455 specification it is meant to describe corrugated combined board like Corrupad™.
(8) The code FB, which is in the translated version of GB 18455 is a mistake and was never a code in the original Chinese version. The
code CFB is the original term and should be used for Lenovo packaging if applicable.
(9) It is not necessary to add the “FOR” or an “NW” marking for wood since it is easily identified. Despite the provision for a wood marking
(NW), it is not necessary for us to include this on pallets, crates, & so on even if it is the primary packaging.
(10) Since glass isn’t used in EIP packaging there should be no applicability; however, if by some chance glass was included, it must be
marked.
European Battery Recycling, Waste Bin Symbol
PN 41A0613
Page 16 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
A modified European waste bin symbol , intended to prevent discarding batteries into the trash,
is now also part of this specification. It is included in this specification as an alternative for
shipping locations to have this symbol preprinted on the packaging in lieu of printing on the
product package labels in case that capability does not exist at any given location.
a.
b.
a. Symbol showing minimum dimensional size (ref.) for packaging applications
b. Updated symbol as it would appear on packaging or labels applied to packaging.
Note: The appearance of the waste bin symbol on the packaging is not intended to suggest that
the packaging itself can not be discarded. The regulation requires that the waste bin symbol
appear on packaging if the battery is too small to have the symbol on the battery itself, such as
in the case of button cell batteries. The additional of the words “Batteries – Europe Only” is
intended to qualify this scope and prevent misinterpretation outside of Europe.
The waste bin symbol must appear on all systems packagings, since virtually all systems
include parts which contain batteries.
2.6
•
Method 1 (preferred): The waste bin symbol may be printed on demand as part of the
product packaging label, or
•
Method 2 (acceptable): alternatively, the waste bin symbol may be prepeinted on the
packaging as artwork, or
•
Method 3 (last resort): The waste bin symbol may be printed as a separate marking or
sticker placed on the outside packaging.
Responsibilities of Lenovo’s Suppliers
1. These requirements apply to all packaging materials used to make shipments
to Lenovo or to customers on Lenovo’s behalf. They also apply to all packaging materials
purchased by Lenovo, and subsequently used by Lenovo for its products, parts and supplies
shipments.
2. Suppliers of packaging material products have the sole responsibility to accurately identify
and mark the post consumer recycled content in their products so as to comply with any
international, federal, state and local laws. These laws may require specific levels of recycled
content and/or labeling in accordance with environmental labeling and truth in advertising
regulations.
PN 41A0613
Page 17 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
3. Suppliers who design packages for shipment of parts, options, supplies or products must
ensure that they utilize materials and methods which are conducive to recycling. Examples that
introduce contaminants which would preclude the subsequent recycling of packaging materials
are:
•
The use of free-rise foam-in-place where foam is dispensed directly into the corrugated
container, or
•
The use of adhesives to commingle materials (e.g., polyethylene foam glued to a
corrugated pad).
•
In addition, avoid the specification of colors which may inhibit recycling.
4. Suppliers who use packaging materials for shipments to Lenovo or sell packaging materials
to Lenovo, but do not manufacture and monitor all phases of the material production, shall verify
that their supplier of cellulosic material conforms to the requirements identified above.
5. Suppliers should contact Lenovo Purchasing at a manufacturing or distribution location if
they are in need of assistance in understanding these responsibilities.
2.7
Local Lenovo Responsibilities
It is recommended that local Purchasing and Packaging Engineering groups establish site audit
programs to assure packaging materials entering the manufacturing or distribution process are
recyclable (Example: not permanently commingled) and properly identified with the correct resin
identifier (in the case of plastics) or properly marked using the chasing arrow symbols and
codes (refer to Table 4). These programs may vary depending upon number of suppliers,
number of parts received, etc.
3.0 Japanese Symbols- Paper & Plastic Package
Materials
All containers and packaging made of plastic or paper such as carton box, molded cushion,
bag/envelope and film/sheet are applicable, but corrugated fibreboard material and fabricated plastic
cushion are not applicable. Material initials are derived from ISO 11469.
In summary, the preference is for the markings to appear on each article so that they can be easily
identified. However, there are many exceptions including situations where markings of any type are
not normally done. In this case, a combination marking on the shipping container to identify all
materials contained within the package assembly must be applied whether the materials are marked
individually or not. The purpose of the combination marking is to communicate to consumers in
Japan prior to purchase and to identify materials that are not or cannot be marked individually. All
subject items should be marked regardless of origin or destination since redeployment of inventory to
Japan is possible. The regulation that requires this is applicable only to Japan but the markings may
appear on goods sold outside of Japan. Unless specifically exempted herein, all packaging materials
are within scope of this rule.
PN 41A0613
Page 18 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
The package engineer shall obtain (written) acceptance from the responsible Japanese Brand Planner
for the application artwork.
Step by Step Instructions:
1. Find the corresponding “part name” from the first column of the following table.
2. Then determine which material type accurately describes the item.
3. Specify that the marking(s) indicated be printed or embossed on the article itself where feasible
and/or within the combination marking on the outer shipping container.
4. In case the direct marking is omitted (on the article), the combined indication on the carton or other
readable location is required.
5. Plastic cases and paper cases such as plastic-CD-case and paper-CD-case are not applicable for
the indication, because these cases will be stored together with CDs and will not be disposed.
6. Containers and Packaging being otherwise free from printing, stamping or embossing are
exempted from the marking but the combined indication on the external container is required in this
case.
7. All containers and packaging with insufficient marking space (less than 50 square centimeters) are
exempted from marking but the combined indication on the external container is required.
8. The size of the identifying mark shall be more than 6 mm high for printing, and more than 8 mm
high for stamping and embossing. No maximum size is given.
9. Lenovo Reference: The artwork files are available on ERE or EGI-Net for P/N 41A0681 (for
plastics) and P/N 41A0682 (for paper).
Table 5: Japanese Symbols Summary
Part Name
Carton Box
Material/Process
Corrugated Fiberboard
Paper/Paperboard
Japanese Mark
N/A
Plastic
(Example: made of Polyethylene (PE))
Cushion
Corrugated Fiberboard
N/A
Paper/Paperboard (including molded paper pulp)
PN 41A0613
Page 19 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Molded Plastic Cushion
(Example: made of PE)
Fabricated Plastic Cushion
Bag/Envelope
N/A
Plastic
(Example: made of PE)
(Example: made of paper)
Film/Sheet
Plastic
(Example: made of PE)
Paper
General
Identification
Marks
Plastics
Paper
Composites
Mixed Material Types:
Use the appropriate general
identification mark of the most predominant item and then
underline the most predominant item. In this example, a
composite of predominantly polyethylene plastic (PE)
combined with some metal (M).
Mixed Plastics:
Use the appropriate general
identification mark and then underline the most
predominant item. In this example, a composite of
predominantly polypropylene plastic (PP) combined with
polyethylene terepthalate (PET).
PN 41A0613
Page 20 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Notes:
1.
Lenovo Reference:
The artwork files are available on ERE or EGI-Net for P/N
41A0681
(for plastics) and P/N 41A0682 (for paper).
2.
Plastic cases and paper cases such as plastic-CD-case and paper-CD-case are not
applicable for the indication, because these cases will be stored together with CDs
and
will not be disposed.
3.
Containers and Packaging being otherwise free from printing, stamping or embossing
are exempted from the marking but the combined indication on the external
container is
required in this case.
4.
All containers and packaging with insufficient marking space (less than 50 square
centimeters) are exempted from marking but the combined indication on the external
container is required.
5.
The size of the identifying mark shall be more than 6 mm high for printing, and more
than 8 mm high for stamping and embossing.
Examples of Markings for Exterior Containers and Individual Items
PN 41A0613
Page 21 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Example 1:
English translation (ref) of
illustration shown in example 2. Provided
for understanding.
Important: Print the Japanese version,
not the English version where applicable.
Example 2: Japanese marking showing
how multiple materials would be identified
on the outer container.
Same meaning
as that shown in example 1.
Important: Where applicable, this would
be what is printed (not the English version
shown in example 1).
Example 3: English translation (ref) of
message shown in example 4.
Important: Print the Japanese version,
not the English version if applicable.
PN 41A0613
Page 22 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Example 4: Japanese marking showing
how multiple materials would be identified
on the outer container if applicable.
Important: Japanese version shall be
used; English translation (ex. 3) is for
reference only.
4.0 Korean Discharge Marks for Packaging
The scope of this law that affects Lenovo products is all packaging materials of plastic resin, in
particular that used for expanded foam cushions (“buffers”) are applicable. Material initials are
derived from ISO 11469. These marks are mandatory as of 1/1/2003 for almost all electronic and
electrical products sold in Korea that are handled directly by end consumers. Markings must be as
large as practical but must be at least 8mm x 8mm or larger. Direct printing or embossing (molded in) is
preferred, but an attached label may also be used if necessary. Additional details can be found by
navigating through these web sites - http://www.epr.or.kr & http://envico.or.kr.
Direct link: http://www.envico.or.kr/language/Eng/epr/separate/Eng_Separate_Design_View.htm.
Artwork files can be downloaded. Many sizes are available. If the direct link is broken, you can
navigate through main websites listed above. The updated (new version) Korean Discharge Marks are
mandatory effective since July 1st, 2012.
PN 41A0613
Page 23 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Executive Summary for all Electronic / Electrical Items:
DO Mark:
Molded and Fabricated Foam Cushions, Padded Envelopes and other cushioned plastic
wraps or bags, ESD Bags, including micro foam and Bubble Wrap used for Finished Goods (Systems)
and Options. Options are believed to be in scope because they are SOLD to end consumers.
Exceptions:
- Blank Vinyl and it's film or sheet (no any label or printing)
- If Plastic or Vinyl area is less than 50 cm2
- Stuff inside the packing is less than 30ml or 30g.
- Under structure situation or under material situaition, it's impossible to print label or impossible to
attach label
- If it's a wrap film and the thick is less than 20 micrometer
Optional: Corrugated boxes or inserts, tape, banding, Vacuum formed materials, Molded Pulp, paper
cushions (i.e. Pad Pak & similar). Any packaging for FRU’s (field replacement units), Spare Parts or
components are out of scope because they are not SOLD.
Table 6: Korean Packaging Material Symbols Summary
Material Description:
Shown only are
those that are likely to exist in Lenovo.
PN 41A0613
Page 24 of 29
Korean Discharge Marks:
The color is
NOT mandatory for the marking and just
recommended for clearly classified. But if
you choose blue or purple color for printing,
you should comply with the below rule
strictly.
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
- the symbol in blue is Solid plastic
(expanded foam)
-the symbol in purple is sheet plastic
(Vinyl, PE Bag, film)
Expanded Polystyrene (EPS or PS)
Ref:
#6 on the SPI scale
Notes:
ARCEL should qualify for this symbol
since it is also marked as #6 on the SPI
scale.
Expanded HIGH Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
Ref:
#2 on the SPI system.
PN 41A0613
Page 25 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Expanded
Ref:
LOW Density Polyethylene (LDPE)
#4 on the SPI system.
Expanded Polypropylene (EPP or PP)
Ref:
#5 on the SPI scale
OTHER:
May include the following:
Polyurethane (PU)
Composite or Commingled Materials
Ref:
#7 on the SPI scale
Note: Korean markings also exist for PET, PVC, Paper, Aluminum, Steel, Glass and other
specialty items which should not apply to Lenovo packaging subject to this regulation.
Refer to: http://www.epr.or.kr or http://envico.or.kr for all available symbols.
5.0 Chinese Markings for Packaging
PN 41A0613
Page 26 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
National Standard of the People’s Republic of China (GB 18455-2001) is hereby a part of this
specification. It applies to all types of packaging except inner packaging utilized for hazardous
materials. See also Table 4. Key elements of the standard are copied here for convenience.
1. Marking Sizes: Selection and use of mark sizes must be in proportion to the size of the packaging
piece. 20x20mm, 40x40mm, 60x60mm and 80x80mm are offered as standard sizes. Smaller sizes may
be used as necessary for smaller items.
2. Colors: Markings should be printed monochromatically; generally, bright green printing is used. If
the color used for the packaging piece makes the green graphic mark appear unclear, other suitable
contrasting colors may be used also (Note: The shade of green is bright green, GSB G51001-94 G 03).
Guidance Note: If all other markings are black or approved Lenovo color scheme, use that color.
3. Positioning of Marks: Marks should be positioned in places easily visible to consumers; they must
not conceal the packaged products.
4. Number of Marks: Each packaging piece is generally to have only one mark (ref. Table 7), the
most commonly used being the recyclable/renewable mark. Guidance Note: If a package assembly has
four individual pieces of foam, all four should be marked since they would become separated in the
waste stream.
5. Method of Using Marks: Recycling marks should be selected and used correctly in accordance
with the packaging material. Labeling of marks may be accomplished by printing, affixing of adhesive
labels or spray application. Marks should be clear, and it must be ensured that they do not come off
within the recyclable life.
Table 7: Chinese Packaging Usage Markings (refer to Table 4 for identification marks)
1. Reusable:
Guidance Note: Use only for defined closed loop systems. Not for standard pallets, and
so on.
2. Recyclable, Renewable:
Guidance Note: Use for all packaging materials even if not actually recyclable. The
purpose is to identify ALL packaging materials so that suitability for recycling can be
determined locally when the material enters the waste stream.
3. Contains Renewable Materials:
Guidance Note: Do not use now, it is lacking legal definition of what is technically
considered “renewable”. However, it is listed here since it is shown in the referenced GB
18455-2001 document.
4. Green Dot Mark:
Guidance Note: This symbol should be applied globally if license is purchased, but it is
only meaningful in countries with 3rd party waste recovery programs (such as Europe).
PN 41A0613
Page 27 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
6.0 Definitions and Key Words
Buffer
Cellulosic
Another word for “foam cushion” in South Korea. Specifically, packing
materials that are made from foam-like single synthetic resins, which are made
of beads containing hydrocarbons such as butane, hexane, pentane, etc.,
puffed by applying heat, or by other means.
Examples of "buffer" materials:
expanded polystyrene (EPS), expanded polyethylene (EPE) and expanded
polypropylene (EPP).
A substance made of plant parts including wood, paper
Commingle
Discharge Mark (Korea)
To intermix dissimilar materials.
A marking placed on the packaging materials to support recycling efforts.
Expanded Foam
Expanded resinous material with a cellular structure, manufactured by the
dispersion of a gas in the liquid resin, and the subsequent setting of the
expanded mass.
Fabricated Foam
Foam, usually expanded and extruded in plank form, that is cut and/or bonded
into its final useful form.
Flexible Container
A plastic container that can be flexed and twisted, without the aid of tools,
without damaging the container.
Foam-In-Place
Two liquid components combined under heat to produce polyurethane foam
which is cast and formed around a particular shape. This process may be
performed in either of two ways:
A. Using a mold, as with pre molding where finished cushions will be sent to
the packager.
B. Using only the item to be packaged and the shipping carton, as with freerise foam-in-place.
Industrial Waste
Material discarded from industrial operations or manufacturing processes.
Such material can only be counted as recycled content if it would otherwise
have not been recovered.
Molded Foam
Foam that has been cast into a particular form and allowed to expand and
form its cellular, bubble-like structure.
Note: all molded foams are
expanded but not all expanded foams are molded, some are extruded.
Items that are purchased by consumers for the purpose of upgrading their
computer systems.
Examples:
Monitors, hard disk drives, mice,
keyboards, speakers, etc. These are “in scope” for Korean markings.
Options
Polymeric
A substance made of plastic.
Post consumer Waste
Materials which have been diverted, sorted for recycling after they have
performed their designed purpose.
Primary Package
The first layer of packaging in contact with the part.
Recyclable
Waste material which is capable of being processed for subsequent use.
Materials are only recyclable if there is a widely available economically viable
collection, processing, and marketing system for the material.
PN 41A0613
Page 28 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Engineering Specification
Recycled
Material which has already been reclaimed from a waste product and
processed in order to regain material.
Recycling
The conversion of an item or material from its existing state for reuse as a
similar or different item or material.
Reusable
When applied to packaging, reusable means a container, package, or
component of the container or package (e.g., a foam cushion, plastic bag, etc.)
is capable of being used more than one time, without being significantly
changed (i.e., used in its same physical form, requiring only minor repair or
cleaning). Reusable is not to be confused with recycling (which reprocesses
the material).
Rigid Plastic Packaging
Container (RPPC)
According to California legislation: “A plastic container which is not a flexible
container, holds between 0.236 liters (eight ounces) and 19 liters (five gallons),
and has essentially the same shape empty as full.” Such packages are
subject to mandatory minimum recycled content levels.
Secondary Material
Resultant material of a processed recyclable material.
Secondary Package
The second layer contains primary package(s).
Source Reduction
The design and manufacture of products and packaging with minimum volume
of material and/or a longer useful life.
Suppliers
Organizations that provide parts, products, and components to an Lenovo site.
This can include other Lenovo sites as well as independent vendors.
Tertiary Package
This includes the shipping container and all additional internal dunnage
materials, if any.
---End of Document---
PN 41A0613
Page 29 of 29
Rev: R3
20JAN2013
This document is property of Lenovo. Its use is authorized only for responding to a request for quotation or for the
performance of work for Lenovo. All questions must be referred to Lenovo purchasing department.
© Copyright Lenovo Corp. 2012
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement