samba_user_manual_ver_1.07

samba_user_manual_ver_1.07
This document is available at HTTP://WWW.FALCOM.DE/ .
SAMBA 55/56
GSM/GPRS
User’s guide
Version 1.07, 23/01/2007
SAMBA 55/56
VERSION 1.07
Contents
0
INTRODUCTION ..............................................................4
0.1
0.2
0.3
SCOPE OF DELIVERY ................................................................................................5
USED ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................................6
RELATED DOCUMENTS ............................................................................................7
1
SECURITY .........................................................................8
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
1.1.5
1.1.6
1.1.7
1.1.8
1.1.9
1.1.10
1.1.11
1.1.12
1.1.13
GENERAL...................................................................................................................................... 8
EXPOSURE TO RF ENERGY ...................................................................................................... 8
EFFICIENT MODEM OPERATION............................................................................................. 8
ANTENNA CARE AND REPLACEMENT.................................................................................. 8
DRIVING ....................................................................................................................................... 9
ELECTRONIC DEVICES.............................................................................................................. 9
VEHICLE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ..................................................................................... 9
MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT .................................................................................... 9
AIRCRAFT .................................................................................................................................... 9
CHILDREN .................................................................................................................................... 9
BLASTING AREAS .................................................................................................................... 10
POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES....................................................................... 10
NON-IONISING RADIATION ................................................................................................... 10
1.2
SAFETY STANDARDS .............................................................................................11
2
SAMBA MODEM ............................................................12
2.1
2.2
TECHNICAL DATA .................................................................................................12
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................................12
2.2.1
Power consumption ...................................................................................................................... 14
2.3
2.4
2.5
OPERATING TEMPERATURES .................................................................................15
AIR INTERFACE OF THE SAMBA GSM/GPRS PART .............................................15
RELIABILITY CHARACTERISTICS ............................................................................16
3
INTERFACES IN OVERVIEW .....................................17
3.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION....................................................................................20
4
GSM/GPRS APPLICATION INTERFACE..................21
4.1
DESCRIPTION OF OPERATING MODES .....................................................................21
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
Normal mode operation ................................................................................................................ 21
Power down .................................................................................................................................. 22
Alarm mode .................................................................................................................................. 22
5
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS..........................................23
5.1
HARDWARE & SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS............................................................23
6
GETTING STARTED......................................................24
6.1
INSTALLING YOUR SAMBA IN A LAPTOP COMPUTER RUNNING WINDOWS®
2000 AND XP, ONLY .............................................................................................24
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.1.3
6.1.4
6.1.5
6.1.6
How to use SAMBA phone with a terminal software, only ......................................................... 26
Communications software ............................................................................................................ 30
PIN & PUK................................................................................................................................... 30
Text messages............................................................................................................................... 31
Voice calls .................................................................................................................................... 31
Data and fax communication ........................................................................................................ 31
7
APPENDIX .......................................................................32
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7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
VERSION 1.07
ACCESSORY HEADSET FOR SAMBA .....................................................................32
RF EXPOSURES .....................................................................................................33
INSTRUCTIONS TO OEM........................................................................................34
TROUBLESHOOTING ..............................................................................................35
Version history:
Version number
1.00
1.01
Author
F. Beqiri
F. Beqiri
1.02
F. Beqiri
1.03
F. Beqiri
1.04
F. Beqiri
1.05
F. Beqiri
1.06
F. Beqiri
1.07
F. Beqiri
Changes
Initial version
The modem driver and WellPhone “GPRS Controller” software
as a test version added.
Added three different housing colours, see below.
LED colour description removed due to the different colour
provided on the different devices.
Chapters 2.4 and 2.5 added.
Chapter 3.1.1.1 updated.
Chapter 4 added.
Chapter 7.2 updated.
Chapter “Dial-up networking” removed and attached to the new
issued manual “GPRS user guide”
Chapter 6 updated. The installation guide of both WellPhone
and PhoneTools software is separately issued.
Chapter 6.1.6 updated (SAMBA phone could not be used under
Windows 98 and NT).
Figure in chapter 7.1 updated (incoming calls could not be
accepted using the Headset switch button)
Chapter 2.2 updated (SAMBA phone does not support MNP 2
data compression)
Changing the baud rate of the modem with AT+IPR disables the
USB-Serial link – see added hint in chapter 6.
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SAMBA 55/56
VERSION 1.07
Cautions
Information furnished herein by FALCOM is accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use.
Please read carefully the safety precautions.
If you have any technical questions regarding this document or the
product described in it, please contact your vendor.
General information about FALCOM and its range of products are
available at the following Internet address: http://www.falcom.de/
Trademarks
Some mentioned products are registered trademarks of their respective
companies.
Copyright
SAMBA user’s guide is copyrighted by FALCOM WIRELESS
COMMUNICATIONS GmbH with all rights reserved. No part of this
user’s guide may be produced in any form without the prior written
permission of FALCOM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS GmbH.
FALCOM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS GmbH.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information
contained herein.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
Page 3
SAMBA 55/56
0
VERSION 1.07
Introduction
This manual is focussed on the GSM/GPRS data solutions of the SAMBA
USB modem from FALCOM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS GmbH.
The SAMBA is a Plug-and-Play device in extremely small size (88 x 37 x
12 mm), which provides a powerful state-of the art technologies (GSM,
GPRS) and makes them available for a quick and easy way to plug in GSM
and GPRS functionality to systems and modems. The SAMBA provides an
integrated SIM card reader, an internal GSM antenna, an audio channel and
a standard USB interface. The physical interface to the modem application is
made through an embedded USB connector. It consists of 4 pins, required
for controlling the unit, transferring data and audio signals and providing
power supply lines. The embedded USB interface allows it direct connection
to a USB serial port of desktop or notebook computers. The SAMBA is
designed for use on any GSM network in the world, it is a Tri-Band
GSM/GPRS engine that works in the three frequencies GSM 900, DCS 1800
MHz and PCS 1900 MHz or GSM 850, DCS 1800 MHz and PCS 1900
MHz. This full type approved integrated modem constitutes a self contained,
fully integrated implementation of the GSM/GPRS standard. The SAMBA
features GPRS multi-slot class 10 and supports the GPRS coding schemes
CS-1, CS-2, CS-3 and CS-4. The SAMBA equipment supports GPRS ClassB. This means, that the Mobile Station can set up a GSM call (voice, CSD or
fax) while GPRS attached.
A standard SIM card has to be inserted into the integrated card reader. The
SAMBA modem can send and receive data by GSM and GPRS network. It
supports voice, SMS, fax as well and offers a choice of seven different
ringing tones/melodies, which are easily selectable using AT command. The
SAMBA modem can be easily controlled by using AT command for all
kinds of operations.
About GPRS:
GPRS is a high-speed, data-only service that is an add-on to the GSM
(Global System for Mobile Communications) cellular network - a type of
network used to provide cellular phone service.
The SAMBA Modem provides reliable data connections to GPRS 900
MHz (GSM), 1800 MHz (DCS) networks. When in regions where GPRS
is not available, user can still access their important information with
GSM 14.4 kbps data connections.
Users are advised to quickly proceed to the “Security” chapter and read
the hints carefully.
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VERSION 1.07
0.1 Scope of delivery
Check the contents of the package. The following listed items should be
included. In case of damaged or missing any item, please contact your dealer
immediately.
Concerning the SAMBA, there are two different SAMBA modems, which
operate, in the different frequencies:
1. The SAMBA 55 Tri-band device which operates in the three
frequencies GSM 900 MHz, DCS 1800 MHz and PCS 1900 MHz, and
is available to use in the European and Asia Networks.
2. The SAMBA 56 Tri-band device which operates in the three
frequencies GSM 850 MHz, DCS 1800 MHz and PCS 1900 MHz, and
is available to use in the American Networks.
Please note that, according to your requirement you can choose the desired
SAMBA device.
SAMBA-55-SET (included)
Name
SAMBA-55-SET
SAMBA-56-SET
SAMBA-USB-KIT*
SAMBA-USB-KIT (accessories)
Part
Quantity
SAMBA 55
1
Headset
1
Software and driver CD-ROM
1
SAMBA 56
1
Headset
1
Software and driver CD-ROM
1
USB-Docking station with cable
extension
1
USB-Tilt connector, around 180°
turnable
1
* This is not part of SAMBA 55/56-SET’s delivery package. Available upon request.
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VERSION 1.07
Up to three different housing colours of SAMBA are available upon request
(see figures below). However, there is no difference in the hardware and
software specification except their LED colors, which are not the same in all
designed devices.
red colour
blue colour
orange colour
0.2 Used abbreviations
Abbreviation
Description
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
GSM
Global System for Mobile communications
IMEI
International Mobile station Equipment Identity
ME
Mobile Equipment
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
PLMN
Public Land Mobile Network
PIN
Personal Identification Number
PUK
Personal Unblocking Key
RP
Receive Protocol
RXQUAL
Received Signal Quality
SIM
Subscriber Identity Module
SMS
Short Message Service
SMS/PP
Short Message Service/Point-to-Point
TA
Terminal Adapter
TE
Terminal Equipment
TP
Transmit Protocol
MS
Mobile Station
USB
Universal Serial Bus
PTM
Point To Multipoint
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VERSION 1.07
Abbreviation
Description
NOM
Network Operation Mode
PPP
Point to Point Protocol
CSD
Circuit Switched Data
URC
Unsolicited Result Code
DNS
Domain Name Server
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
APN
Access Point Naming
IP
Internet Protocol
PDP
Packet Data Protocol
RF
Radio Frequency
ASIC
Application Specific Integrated Circuit
RTC
Real Time Clock
0.3 Related documents
1. ETSI GSM 07.05: “Use of Data Terminal Equipment - Data Circuit
terminating Equipment interface for Short Message Service and Cell
Broadcast Service“
2. ETSI GSM 07.07: “AT command set for GSM Mobile Equipment”
3. AT-Command SET
4. WellPhone installation guide
5. PhoneTools installation guide
6. GPRS Startup User's Guide
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1 Security
IMPORTANT FOR THE EFFICIENT AND SAFE OPERATION OF
YOUR GSM MODEM READ THIS INFORMATION BEFORE USE !
Your GSM modem is one of the most exciting and innovative electronic
products ever developed. With it you can stay in contact with your office,
your home, emergency services, and others, wherever service is provided.
1.1.1 GENERAL
Your modem utilises the GSM standard for cellular technology. GSM is a
newer radio frequency (« RF ») technology than the current FM
technology that has been used for radio communications for decades. The
GSM standard has been established for use in the European community
and elsewhere.
Your modem is actually a low power radio transmitter and receiver. It
sends out and receives radio frequency energy. When you use your
modem, the cellular system handling your calls controls both the radio
frequency and the power level of your cellular modem.
1.1.2 EXPOSURE TO RF ENERGY
There has been some public concern about possible health effects of
using GSM modem. Although research on health effects from RF energy
has focused for many years on the current RF technology, scientists have
begun research regarding newer radio technologies, such as GSM. After
existing research had been reviewed, and after compliance to all
applicable safety standards had been tested, it has been concluded that the
product is fit for use.
If you are concerned about exposure to RF energy there are things you
can do to minimise exposure. Obviously, limiting the duration of your
calls will reduce your exposure to RF energy. In addition, you can reduce
RF exposure by operating your cellular modem efficiently by following
the below guidelines.
1.1.3 EFFICIENT MODEM OPERATION
For your modem to operate at the lowest power level, consistent with
satisfactory call quality:
If your modem has an extendible antenna, extend it fully. Some models
allow you to place a call with the antenna retracted. However your
modem operates more efficiently with the antenna fully extended.
Do not hold the antenna when the modem is « IN USE ». Holding the
antenna affects call quality and may cause the modem to operate at a
higher power level than needed.
1.1.4 ANTENNA CARE AND REPLACEMENT
Do not use the modem with a damaged antenna. If a damaged antenna
comes into contact with the skin, a minor burn may result. Replace a
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SAMBA 55/56
VERSION 1.07
damaged antenna immediately. Consult your manual to see if you may
change the antenna yourself. If so, use only a manufacturer-approved
antenna. Otherwise, have your antenna repaired by a qualified technician.
Use only the supplied or approved antenna. Unauthorised antennas,
modifications or attachments could damage the modem and may
contravene local RF emission regulations or invalidate type approval.
1.1.5 DRIVING
Check the laws and regulations on the use of cellular devices in the area
where you drive. Always obey them. Also, when using your modem
while driving, please: give full attention to driving, pull off the road and
park before making or answering a call if driving conditions so require.
When applications are prepared for mobile use they should fulfil roadsafety instructions of the current law!
1.1.6 ELECTRONIC DEVICES
Most electronic equipment, for example in hospitals and motor vehicles
is shielded from RF energy. However RF energy may affect some
malfunctioning or improperly shielded electronic equipment.
1.1.7 VEHICLE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Check your vehicle manufacturer’s representative to determine if any on
board electronic equipment is adequately shielded from RF energy.
1.1.8 MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Consult the manufacturer of any personal medical devices (such as
pacemakers, hearing aids, etc...) to determine if they are adequately
shielded from external RF energy.
Turn your modem OFF in health care facilities when any regulations
posted in the area instruct you to do so. Hospitals or health care facilities
may be using RF monitoring equipment.
1.1.9 AIRCRAFT
Turn your modem OFF before boarding any aircraft.
Use it on the ground only with crew permission.
Do not use in the air.
To prevent possible interference with aircraft systems, Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA) regulations require you to have permission from a
crew member to use your modem while the plane is on the ground. To
prevent interference with cellular systems, local RF regulations prohibit
using your modem whilst airborne.
1.1.10 CHILDREN
Do not allow children to play with your modem. It is not a toy. Children
could hurt themselves or others (by poking themselves or others in the
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VERSION 1.07
eye with the antenna, for example). Children could damage the modem,
or make calls that increase your modem bills.
1.1.11 BLASTING AREAS
To avoid interfering with blasting operations, turn your unit OFF when in
a « blasting area » or in areas posted : « turn off two-way radio ».
Construction crew often use remote control RF devices to set off
explosives.
1.1.12 POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES
Turn your modem OFF when in any area with a potentially explosive
atmosphere. It is rare, but your modem or its accessories could generate
sparks. Sparks in such areas could cause an explosion or fire resulting in
bodily injury or even death.
Areas with a potentially explosive atmosphere are often, but not always,
clearly marked. They include fuelling areas such as petrol stations; below
decks on boats; fuel or chemical transfer or storage facilities; and areas
where the air contains chemicals or particles, such as grain, dust, or metal
powders.
Do not transport or store flammable gas, liquid, or explosives, in the
compartment of your vehicle, which contains your modem or accessories.
Before using your modem in a vehicle powered by liquefied petroleum
gas (such as propane or butane) ensure that the vehicle complies with the
relevant fire and safety regulations of the country in which the vehicle is
to be used.
1.1.13 NON-IONISING RADIATION
As with other mobile radio transmitting equipment, users are advised that
for satisfactory operation and for the safety of personnel, it is
recommended that no part of the human body be allowed to come too
close to the antenna during operation of the equipment.
The radio equipment shall be connected to the antenna via a non-radiating
50Ohm coaxial cable.
The antenna shall be mounted in such a position that no part of the human
body will normally rest close to any part of the antenna. It is also
recommended to use the equipment not close to medical devices as for
example hearing aids and pacemakers.
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VERSION 1.07
1.2 Safety standards
THIS CELLULAR MODEM COMPLIES WITH ALL APPLICABLE
RF SAFETY STANDARDS.
This cellular modem meets the standards and recommendations for the
protection of public exposure to RF electromagnetic energy established
by governmental bodies and other qualified organisations, such as the
following:
-
Directives of the European Community, Directorate General V in
Matters of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Energy.
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VERSION 1.07
2 SAMBA Modem
2.1 Technical Data
2.2 General characteristics
Power supply:
Supply voltage +5 VDC (through USB interface)
Temperature range:
Normal operation: - 20 °C to + 55 °C (see
chapter 2.3 for further details)
Physical characteristics:
Size: 88.7mm x 37.6mm x 12,6mm (L x B x H)
Weight: approx. 79 g
Frequency bands:
Tri-band (SAMBA55): EGSM 900, GSM 1800,
GSM 1900
Tri-band (SAMBA56): GSM 850, GSM 1800,
GSM 1900
Compliant to GSM Phase 2/2+
GSM class:
Small MS
Transmit power:
Class 4 (2 W) at EGSM900 and GSM 850
Class 1 (1 W) at GSM 1800 and GSM 1900
GPRS connectivity:
GPRS multi-slot class 10
GPRS mobile station class B
DATA:
GPRS ⇒
GPRS data downlink transfer: max. 85.6 kbps
(see table 2).
GPRS data uplink transfer: max. 42.8 kbps (see
table 2).
Coding scheme: CS-1, CS-2, CS-3 and CS-4.
SAMBA55/56 supports two protocols PAP
(Password Authentication Protocol) and CHAP
(Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol)
commonly used for PPP connections.
Support of Packet Switched Broadcast Control
Channel (PBCCH) allows you to benefit from
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VERSION 1.07
enhanced GPRS performance when offered by
the network operators.
CSD ⇒
CSD transmission rates: 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 14.4 kbps,
non-transparent, V.110.
Unstructured Supplementary Services Data
(USSD) support.
WAP ⇒
WAP compliant.
SMS:
MT, MO, CB, Text and PDU mode
SMS storage: SIM card plus 25 SMS locations in
the mobile equipment
Transmission of SMS alternatively over CSD or
GPRS. Preferred mode can be user-defined.
MMS:
MMS compliant
FAX:
Group 3: class 1, class 2
SIM interface:
Supported SIM card: 3 V
Integrated SIM card slot (for small SIM card,
only)
Casing:
Fully shield
Temperature control and auto switch-off:
Constant temperature control prevents damage to
SAMBA55/56 when the specified temperature is
exceeded. When an emergency call is in progress
the
automatic
temperature
shutdown
functionality is deactivated. (see chapter 2.3 for
further details)
GSM antenna:
Internally.
Audio interfaces:
An analogue audio interface. 4-pin audio
connector (microphone and speaker)
Audio features:
Speech code modes:
Half Rate (ETS 06.20)
Full Rate (ETS 06.10)
Enhanced Full Rate (ETS 06.50/06.60/06.80)
Adaptive Multi Rate (AMR)
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Handsfree operation:
Echo cancellation
Noise reduction
Serial interface (USB):
Remote control by AT commands (GSM
07.07 and 07.05)
Baud rate: 300 bps ... 115,200 bits/s
Full USB and USB 2 compatibility
Firmware upgrade: Over USB interface and SIM
interface
Phonebook management:
Supported phonebook types: SM, FD, LD, MC,
RC, ON, ME
Ringing tones:
Offers a choice of 7 different ringing
tones/melodies, easily selectable with AT
command
Real time clock:
Implemented
Timer function:
Programmable via AT command
2.2.1
Power consumption
Average current (in mA at 5 V ± 5%):
GSM
900
1800
MHz
GSM band
57
57
mA
in idle mode (base station sends at -85 dBm)
195
143
mA
in transmit mode at power level 7/3
232
166
mA
in transmit mode at power level 5/0 (maximum)
GPRS
423
mA
in receive/transmit mode at maximum power
level 5 (3 x downstream +2 x upstream using
Coding Scheme: CS-4)
Table 1: The average power consumption at 5V ± 5%
Coding scheme
1 Timeslot
2 Timeslots
4 Timeslots
CS-1:
9.05 kbps
18.1 kbps
36.2 kbps
CS-2:
13.4 kbps
26.8 kbps
53.6 kbps
CS-3:
15.6 kbps
31.2 kbps
62.4 kbps
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CS-4:
21.4 kbps
Table 2:
42.8 kbps
85.6 kbps
Coding schemes and maximum net data rates over air interface
Please note that the values listed above are the maximum ratings which, in
practice, are influenced by a great variety of factors, primarily, for example,
traffic variations and network coverage.
2.3 Operating temperatures
Parameter
Min
Ambient temperature (according to GSM -20
11.10)
Restricted operation *)
-25 to -20
Automatic shutdown: board temperature
-29 °C
Typ.
25
Max
50
Unit
°C
55 to 70 °C
>70 °C °C
*) SAMBA55/56 work, but deviations from the GSM specification may occur.
2.4 Air interface of the SAMBA GSM/GPRS part
Test conditions:
All measurements have been performed at Tamb= 25 °C, VInput power = 5 V.
The reference points used on SAMBA are internal contacts.
Parameter
Frequency range
Uplink (MS → BTS)
Frequency range
Downlink (BTS →
MS)
RF power @ ARP with
50 Ω load
Duplex spacing
E-GSM 900
GSM 900
GSM 1800
E-GSM 1900
GSM 1800
GSM 1900
E-GSM 900
GSM 1800
GSM 1900
E-GSM 900
GSM 1800
GSM 1900
E-GSM 900
GSM 1800
GSM 1900
Carrier spacing
Multiplex, Duplex
Time slots per TDMA frame
Frame duration
Time slot duration
Modulation
Receiver input
E-GSM 900
sensitivity @ ARP
GSM 1800
BER Class II < 2.4 %
GSM 1900
Min
880
1710
1850
925
1805
1930
31
28
28
Typ
Max
915
1785
1910
960
1880
1990
35
32
32
33
30
30
174
374
299
45
95
80
200
TDMA/FTDMA, FDD
8
4.615
577
GMSK
-102
-107
-102
-106
-102
-106
Unit
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
MHz
MHz
MHz
kHz
ms
µs
dBm
dBm
dBm
Table 3: Air Interface
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2.5 Reliability characteristics
The test conditions stated below are an extract of the complete test
specifications.
Type of test
Vibration
Conditions
Frequency range: 10-20 Hz; acceleration:
3.1 mm amplitude
Frequency range: 20-500 Hz;
acceleration: 5 g
Duration: 2h per axis = 10 cycles; 3 axes
Shock half-sinus Acceleration: 500 g
Shock duration: 1 msec
1 shock per axis
6 positions (± x, y and z)
Dry heat
Temperature: +70 ±2 °C
Test duration: 16 h
Humidity in the test chamber: < 50 %
Temperature
Low temperature: -40 °C ±2 °C
change (shock)
High temperature: +85 °C ±2 °C
Changeover time: < 30 s (dual chamber
system)
Test duration: 1 h
Number of repetitions: 100
Damp heat cyclic High temperature: +55 °C ±2 °C
Low temperature: +25 °C ±2 °C
Humidity: 93 % ±3 %
Number of repetitions: 6
Test duration: 12 h + 12 h
Cold (constant
Temperature: -40 ±2°C
exposure)
Test duration: 16 h
Standard
DIN IEC 68-2-6
DIN IEC 68-2-27
EN 60068-2-2 Bb
ETS 300019-2-7
DIN IEC 68-2-14
Na
ETS 300019-2-7
DIN IEC 68-2-30
Db
ETS 300019-2-5
DIN IEC 68-2-1
Table 4: Summary of reliability test conditions
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3 Interfaces in overview
The integrated modem has a sole USB connector, which gathers all the
interface signals in order to facilitate its integration.
It has an integrated SIM card reader as well as a internal GSM antenna.
The concept of the integrated modem has been defined to integrate on a sole
device with follow interfaces:
Interface specifications
Interface A
Standard USB plug serial interface
Interface B
Audio interface 2,5 mm (4-pin) connector (for included
headset)
Interface C
SIM card reader for small SIM cards (3V)
Interface D
3 optical indicators LED’s
Table 5: Interface specifications of the Modem
Figure 2: view of SAMBA interfaces.
3.1.1.1 Interface A (4-pin USB Type A connector)
The power supply for the GSM/GPRS part of the SAMBA modem has to be
a single voltage source of +5 V. It must be able to provide sufficient current
in a transmit burst which typically rises according to the USB 1.1 and 2.0
statements.
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Figure 3: Mini-USB pin-out (interface A)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Description
+ 5V
- DATA
+ DATA
GND
Table 6: Pin assignment of the standard USB connector
3.1.1.2 Interface B (4-pin audio connector)
The SAMBA modem provides this interface for a headset connection.
For more details about headset see chapter 7.1 “Accessory”.
Figure 4: Audio interface pin-out (interface B)
3.1.1.3 Interface C (SIM-Card interface)
The SIM interface controls a 3V SIM card. This interface is fully
compliant with GSM 11.11 recommendations concerning SIM functions.
Figure 6: SIM Card interface
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3.1.1.4 Interface D (Optical interface)
The actual state of the SAMBA is displayed by three LED’s (their
functionality is described in the next chapter) on this interface, see figure
below.
Figure 7: Status indicator of modem
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3.2 Functional description
The GSM/GPRS modem SAMBA is a mobile station for transmission of
voice, data and fax calls as well as SMS in GSM networks.
The GSM/GPRS modem SAMBA consists of the following components:
• GSM/GPRS transceiver
• USB 1.1 for power supply, data transmission and control.
• GPRS Class B, class 10.
The GSM/GPRS modem SAMBA allows control of the GSM/GPRS modem
over the interface A.
If the GSM/GPRS modem SAMBA is registered in the network, it acts just
like a regular fax/data modem. To control the GSM or GSM/GPRS Modem
there is an advanced set of AT-commands according to GSM ETSI 07.07
and 07.05 implemented.
Three LED’s on the interface D of the Modem display the actual state of the
SAMBA. The table below shows the function of these LED’s.
LED’s
Name
Function
Modem is off or run in SLEEP mode
No SIM card inserted or no PIN entered, or
600 ms On / 600 ms Off network search in progress, or ongoing user
authentication, or network login in progress.
Logged to network (monitoring control
75 ms On / 3 s Off
channels and user interactions).
No call in progress.
75 ms On / 75 ms Off/
One or more GPRS contexts activated.
75 ms On / 3 ms Off
GSM (LED)
Flashing Indicates GPRS data transfer:
When a GPRS transfer is in progress, the
Flashing
LED goes on within 1 second after data
packets were exchanged.
Flash duration is approximately 0.5 s.
On Depending on type of call:
Voice call: Connected to remote party.
On
Data call: Connected to remote party or
exchange of parameters while setting up or
disconnecting a call.
200 ms On / 200 ms Off
USB
100 ms On / 3.2 s Off No SIM card inserted, Modem On, USB On.
ERR (LED)
Off
Modem and USB are OK
USB device initialization or USB device
Continually On
error.
Indicates incoming/outgoing Modem Data
DATA (LED)
flashes
Traffic
Table 7:
LED mode
Off
Modes of the LED’s and associated functions
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4 GSM/GPRS application interface
4.1 Description of operating modes
The chapter below briefly summarizes the various operating modes referred to
in the following chapters.
Definition of the GPRS class B mode of operation:
The definition of GPRS class B mode is, that the MS can be attached to both
GPRS and other GSM services, but the MS can only operate one set of
services at a time. Class B enables making or receiving a voice call, or
sending/receiving an SMS during a GPRS connection. During voice calls or
SMS, GPRS services are suspended and then resumed automatically after the
call or SMS session has ended.
4.1.1
Normal mode operation
4.1.1.1 GSM/GPRS SLEEP
Various power save modes set with AT+CFUN command, see related
documents [3]. Software is active to minimum extent. If the module was
registered to the GSM network in IDLE mode, it is registered and paging with
the BTS in SLEEP mode, too. Power saving can be chosen at different levels:
The NON-CYCLIC SLEEP mode (AT+CFUN=0) disables the AT interface.
The CYCLIC SLEEP modes AT+CFUN=5,6,7,8 and 9 alternatively activate
and deactivate the AT interfaces to allow permanent access to all AT
commands.
4.1.1.2 GSM IDLE
Software is active. Once registered to the GSM network, paging with BTS is
carried out. The module is ready to send and receive.
4.1.1.3 GSM TALK
Connection between two subscribers is in progress. Power consumption
depends on network coverage individual settings, such as DTX off/on,
FR/EFR/HR, hopping sequences, antenna.
4.1.1.4 GPRS IDLE
Module is ready for GPRS data transfer, but no data is currently sent or
received. Power consumption depends on network settings and GPRS
configuration (e.g. multislot settings).
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4.1.1.5 GPRS DATA
GPRS data transfer in progress. Power consumption depends on network
settings (e.g. power control level), uplink/downlink data rates and GPRS
configuration (e.g. used multislot settings).
4.1.2
Power down
Normal shutdown after sending the AT^SMSO command. The Power Supply
ASIC (PSU-ASIC) disconnects the supply voltage from the base band part of
the circuit. Only a voltage regulator in the PSU-ASIC is active for powering the
RTC. Software is not active. The serial interfaces are not accessible. Operating
voltage remains applied.
4.1.3
Alarm mode
Alarm mode restricted operation launched by RTC alert function while the
module is in POWER DOWN mode. Module will not be registered to GSM
network. Limited number of AT commands is accessible.
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5 System Requirements
Check your hardware and software and see if they satisfy the requirements
below. If you are not sure, please consult your dealer or operator.
5.1 Hardware & software requirements
Hardware & software requirements
A valid SIM card.
Free compatible USB port
Approximately 6 Mb of free hard disk space.
Pentium 90 or higher.
Operating system: Windows® 2000/XP
CD-ROM drive.
For data applications.
Browser and email client.
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6 Getting started
WARNING: Changing the baud rate of the GSM modem with AT+IPR disables
the USB-Serial link. If you change the baud rate of the GSM
modem inside the SAMBA55/56 (with AT+IPR=xxx) you can not
access the modem over our windows drivers anymore at all. The
driver internally always connects with 115200 baud - this setting
can not be changed by the user!!!
You only need to change the baud rate of the terminal or the
external used application which communicates with the
SAMBA55/56.
6.1 Installing your SAMBA in a Laptop computer running
Windows® 2000 and XP, only
This chapter explains how to install the SAMBA in a laptop computer.
It is recommended that all-important files are backed up prior the
installation.
1. Inserting the SIM card:
SAMBA requires a small SIM card, which is provided by your mobile
phone service provider. This contains the telephone number of SAMBA
will use, as well as other customer information.
If your SIM is larger credit-card size, it may have a snap-out area that
allows the small SIM to be removed by gentle twisting. Otherwise apply
to your service provider for a small SIM.
The SIM card must be enabled for all the service that you want to use –
VOICE, DATA, and/or FAX; if in doubt contact your service provider.
a) To insert the SIM card:
Insert the SIM card into the corresponding SIM card reader of
modem and slide it forward until it stops. The bevelled corner of
SIM card has to be on the left side of SIM card reader and the
golden contact area is facing downwards. Make sure that the
SIM card is sit firmly into the SIM card reader slot. See also
figures below.
Figure 9: Place the SIM Card.
Figure 10: Push it forward into the SIMCard reader.
b) To remove the SIM card:
To remove the SIM card please just push it forward, it jumps
out, so you can take it out.
Important: Do not insert or remove the SIM card when the
device is under power.
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Keep all miniature SIM cards out small children’s reach. The SIM
card and its contacts can be damaged by scratches or bending, so be
careful when handling, inserting or removing the SIM card.
2. Plug the headset to the modem:
If you are using the included headset (refer to the chapter Appendix),
then plug the 2.5 mm connector of the headset to the 2.5 mm connector
of the modem.
Figure 11: Connect the headset to the modem
3. Install the configuration software:
Here below (chapter 6.1.1) is an example based on the Windows™
HyperTerminal application (terminal emulator program).
The instructions below describe how to use the SAMBA with a
laptop computer running Windows XP.
SAMBA phone supports two different configuration software
(named BVRP mobile PhoneTools and WellPhone) which offer an
easy and quickly way to start up following operations: place and
receive calls; send and receive e-mails and SMS; synchronize your
phonebooks and calendars; load, create and modify ring tones for
your mobile phone; launch a GPRS session, etc.
For the customers that prefer to use the Mobile PhoneTools
software, please read the installation instructions on separated
manual (phonetools_install_guide.pdf). The manual is included
in the delivery CD.
For the customers that prefer to use the WellPhone software,
please read the installation guide on the separated manual
(wellphone_install_guide.pdf). The manual is included in the
delivery CD.
HINT: In the delivery pack the user can find a setup
program (named “samba_install.exe”), which is built, for
customers who have difficulties during the driver
installation. If you already have installed the SAMBA driver
and by using PhoneTools or WellPhone software problems
are met, you have to use this program to deinstall the current
driver and to reinstall the included driver in the CD. All
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steps are implemented in the “samba_install.exe” file.
Please, note that during the installation you have to follow
carefully the on-screen instructions. The installation
description is issued in chapter 6.1.1. The program is to be
found
in
the
following
directory
(X:\software\win32.SambaModemDriver’ X means CDROM drive).
WARNING ! For customers who use BVRP mobile PhoneTools
software, the instructions described in section 6.1.1 are not
to be applied.
If desired to use Microsoft Windows tools, please, follow step-bystep instructions included in section 6.1.1.
6.1.1
How to use SAMBA phone with a terminal software, only
1. Install the driver:
During the installation of the SAMBA driver, please follow the onscreen instructions.
Insert the CD-ROM into your computer’s CD drive
The program is to be found in the following directory
(X:\software\win32.SambaModemDriver’ X means CDROM drive). Unpack the “samba_install_105.zip” file. Start
the “samba_install.exe” by double clicking on its icon. On the
appeared dialog box click on Next button. Please, do not plug
the SAMBA phone into the USB interface of your PC, now.
On the next appeared screen, click on Next button or use
Browse button to change the destination folder.
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Click on Next button. Please read carefully the on-screen
marked instruction.
Now insert the SAMBA phone into one of your computer’s PC
USB slots. Plug fully in the USB slot of your computer as
shown below but do not use force. The SAMBA is
automatically switched on when you insert it in the USB slot of
your computer. The SAMBA is then active and the middle LED
labelled “ERR” lights. The insertion of the SAMBA phone
should trigger a feature of Windows called "Plug and Play"
which launches the Found New Hardware wizard. The wizard
displays a message indicating that it will search for a driver for
the Falcom SAMBA. Click Next.
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CAUTION - Use caution when inserting the SAMBA into
the USB slot. Forcing the SAMBA may damage the
connector pins. If you feel resistance while inserting the
SAMBA into the USB slot of your computer, remove it
immediately and check for any damage of its connector or
bend pins.
Additionally, the Status LED labelled “ERR” will flash during
the internal initialization. This effect will happen after the user
has installed the corresponding driver. See next item (install the
driver). After internal initialization is implemented (approx. 3-5
sec.) the Status LED labelled “ERR” will be turned off. After a
few seconds and after the user has entered the PIN number (if
needed) the GSM LED will start flashing slowly (which means,
the registration into the network is successfully), refer also to
the Table 7 for more details.
Figure 12: Connect USB connector of SAMBA to the USB serial port of PC.
Click on EXIT button to complete the driver installation.
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The SAMBA status LED labelled “ERR” will be turned off.
Close all opened windows.
Click on Start button, point to Settings, and then click Control
Panel.
Double-click the System icon.
Select the Hardware register and click on Device Manager
button, open the item Modems and select the SAMBA USB
Modem Driver, click to the properties button by using the
right-mouse click. The SAMBA allocated COM port and
settings can also be found. The baud rate can be changed upto
115200 bps.
On the next opened window screen select the Diagnosis tab, to
test if the modem works properly, then just click the Query
modem button. If the modem responds then the modem is ready
for use. Click OK buttons to close the opened windows. Now
you can start HyperTerminal program (see figure below) or
another terminal program, to communicate with the SAMBA
phone by using the AT-Commands. The AT-Command Set is
also included in the delivery CD. See related documents [3].
Setup HyperTerminal program:
START
–
PROGRAMS
–
ACCESSORIES
–
COMMUNICATION – HYPERTERMINAL, then start the
software HYPERTRM, assign the name of your choice, click on
the icon of your choice, then click on OK, then choose:
Connect using: e.g. COM1 (allocated COM port, readed from
SAMBA modem properties)
Properties:
choose up to 115200 bps – 8 bits data – no
parity – 1 stop bit – hardware flow control
Click on OK.
Once HyperTerminal is opened and configured, it can be used
to send AT commands to the SAMBA phone.
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To test the SAMBA phone type on the terminal screen:
AT<enter>
Modem responds:
OK
6.1.1.1 Making a dial-up networking
This brief guide aims to explain the basic steps for getting started with
GPRS to the Internet. It is supposed that you are a bit familiar with GPRS
concepts, like network attachment, session or PDP context.
This guide is not intended to give full details about how GPRS works, all
GPRS-specific AT commands (check out the GPRS AT command manual).
The “GPRS startup guide” manual provides all you need for making a dialup GPRS networking. This manual is also included in the delivery CD.
6.1.2
Communications software
To connect to the Internet, or to send and receive e-mail or faxes transmit
data from your computer, you need the appropriate data and fax
communications software. You can use the SAMBA phone with most
commercially available communications applications, such as Microsoft
Exchange, Microsoft Outlook, Netscape Navigator.
6.1.3
PIN & PUK
You may have to enter the PIN (Personal Identity Number) if the PIN code
request is activated in the SIM card. The PIN code is usually supplied with
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the SIM card. If you enter an incorrect PIN code three times in a row, you
will need a PUK (Personal Unblocking Key) code to unblock the SIM card.
The PUK code may be supplied with the SIM card. If not, contact your
service provider. For more details about using the SAMBA please read
carefully the chapters below.
6.1.4
Text messages
The Short Message Service (SMS) is a network service that enables you to
send and receive short text messages over the digital cellular network.
Messages can be read on any mobile phone that has SMS capability.
The sending and receiving of text messages requires that the Short Message
Service (SMS) be available in the network you are using and activated for
your SIM card. Contact your service provider for details. Before you can
send text messages, you must store the SMS message centre number in the
Settings window, Messages tab. The included software support also a
comprehensive overview, and an easy and quickly way to start up this
application when the SAMBA is already registered into the GSM network.
6.1.5
Voice calls
It is possible to make voice calls from your PC with the headset, which is
available as an included accessory (see chapter "Package contents"). The
included software supports also an easy and quick way to start up this
application when the SAMBA is already registered into the GSM network.
6.1.6
Data and fax communication
The SAMBA phone provides the functionality of a cellular modem. To send
and receive e-mail and faxes, connect to remote computers and access the
Internet, you also need the appropriate data and fax communications
software. You can use the SAMBA phone with a variety of commercially
available Windows 2000 and XP (only) compatible data and fax
communications applications. These applications must be correctly
configured for use with the SAMBA phone, according to the instructions
given in the documentation of these applications and your computer.
Remember to select the SAMBA phone as the modem in each application.
The data transfer and fax functions depend on the applications you have
chosen, not on the computer or the SAMBA phone. For information on how
to use an application, please refer to that application's documentation. The
SAMBA phone supports three PC Fax standards. EIA/TIA Class 1, Class 2.
If you have problems with using the SAMBA phone for fax transmissions,
make sure that the remote end fax machine is Group 3 compatible. The
SAMBA phone can also be controlled with AT Commands. For more
information, refer to the AT-Command manual, which is free available on
the Falcom’s homepage.
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7 Appendix
7.1 Accessory headset for SAMBA
A different microphone inputs and a different speaker outputs are supported
by the SAMBA modem. The retractable Headset included in the package
(see also figure below) fully compatible with SAMBA phone which
supports a 2.5mm headset jack connector is designed to do two things at
once, if those two things are driving and talking on the cell phone. The
retractable Headset is lightweight, super-easy to use, comfortable, and has
great incoming and outgoing sound quality. Retractable quality earpiece and
microphone pulling out to desired length independently. The retractable cord
length is 78 mm. The headset length is 1 m. You have just to connect it to
the corresponded connector of SAMBA. To wear the earpiece, simply pull it
out of its casing slowly until you reach the sufficient length and sit it inside
the ear. Should the length of the cable too long/short, pull the cable slowly
out or retract while holding the both sides onto the cable until the length is
suitable.
If the user is using other external headset please follow the characteristics
for different microphone inputs and different speaker outputs:
Items to be inspected
Sensitivity
Frequency response
Acceptance criterion
-41 ±3dB (0dB=1 V/Pa @ 1kHz)
Limits
Freq. (Hz)
Lower limit
100
200
300
-50
1000
-44
2000
-44
3000
-44
Upper limit
-38
-38
-38
-38
-34
-34
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3400
-44
-34
4000
-47
-34
Current consumption
1 mA (max.)
Operating voltage
DC 1 to 3 V (min.)
S/N ratio
55 dB minimum (A-Curve at 1 kHz, 1 Pa)
Directivity
Omni-directional
Max. input sound pressure level 100 dB SPL (1 kHz) Maximum distortion 1 %
Over 800-1200 MHz and 1700-2000MHz, S/N ratio
Radio frequency protection
500 dB minimum (signal 1 kHz, 1 Pa)
7.2 RF Exposures
This device contains 1800 MHz GSM functions that are not operational in
U.S. Territories. This filing is only applicable for 850MHz GSM/1900 MHz
PCS operations.
This device and its antenna must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
Statement according to FCC part 15.19:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Statement according to FCC part 15.105:
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help
RF exposure FCC:
Tests for SAR are conducted using standard operating positions specified
by the FCC with the phone transmitting at its highest certified power level
in all tested frequency bands.
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Although the SAR is determined at the highest certified power level, the
actual SAR level of the phone while operation can be well below the
maximum value. This is because the phone is designed to operate at
multiple power levels so as to use only the power required to reach the
network. In general, the closer you are to a wireless base station antenna,
the lower the power output. Before a phone model is available for sale to
the public, it must be tested and certified to the FCC that it does not exceed
the limit established by the government-adopted requirement for safe
exposure. The tests are performed in positions and locations (e.g., at the ear
and worn on the body) as required by the FCC for each model. (Body-worn
measurements may differ among phone models, depending upon available
accessories and FCC requirements). While there may be differences
between the SAR levels of various phones and at various positions, they all
meet the government requirement for safe exposure. For body worn
operation, to maintain compliance with FCC RF exposure guidelines, use
only accessories that contain no metallic components and provide a
separation distance of 5mm (0.2 inches) to the body. Use of other
accessories may violate FCC RF exposure guidelines and should be
voided.
Health and Safety Information FCC:
Exposure to Radio Frequency (RF) Signals Your GSM/GPRS-Stick-Phone
is a radio transmitter and receiver. It is designed and manufactured not to
exceed the emission limits for exposure to radio frequency (RF) energy set
by the Federal Communications Commission of the U.S. Government.
These limits are part of comprehensive guidelines and establish permitted
levels of RF energy for the general population. The guidelines are based on
the safety standards previously set by both U.S. and international standards
bodies:
This EUT has been shown to be capable of compliance for localized
specific absorption rate (SAR) for uncontrolled environment/general
population exposure limits specified in ANSI/IEEE Std. C95.1-1992 and
had been tested in accordance with the measurement procedures specified
in FCC/OET Bulletin 65 Supplement C (2001) and IEEE Std. 1528-2003
December 2003).
The standards include a substantial safety margin designed to assure the
safety of all persons, regardless of age and health. The exposure standard
for wireless mobile phones employs a unit of measurement known as the
Specific Absorption Rate, or SAR. The SAR limit set by the FCC is
*
1.6W/kg .
7.3 Instructions to OEM
This manual includes specific warnings and cautions in order to ensure that
OEMs are aware of their responsibilities, with regards to RF exposure
compliance, for products into which the modem is integrated. With this
*
In the U.S. and Canada, the SAR limit for mobile phones used by the public is
1.6 watts/kg (W/kg) averaged over one gram of tissue. The standard
incorporates a substantial margin of safety to give additional protection for the
public and to account for any variations in
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guidance, the OEM will be able to incorporate into their documentation the
necessary operating conditions and warnings.
OEMs need to provide a manual with the “final” product that clearly states
the operating requirements and conditions and that these must be observed
to ensure compliance with current FCC RF exposure requirements / MPE
limits. This will enable the OEM to generate (and provide the end-user with)
the appropriate operating instructions, warnings and cautions, and/or
markings for their product.
7.4 Troubleshooting
In the unlikely event that you have problems using your SAMBA phone, the
following may solve or help to identify the problem; if not, if you have
access to the Internet for more technical support the Falcom Web pages at
“http://www.falcom.de/service/” have additional information about the
SAMBA phone.
1. General Checks
If SAMBA phone does not appear to be working correctly:
Check there is a SIM installed and a headset for voice calls is also
connected.
The delivered driver must be installed before begin to work.
Check if the USB connector is properly plugged.
If the modem status indicators (labelled ERR) continually light:
Maybe, the included USB driver which allocate a USB serial port is
not installed to the control host device yet, if that is true, disconnect
the SAMBA from host device and plug it again, and then install the
included driver.
If the modem does not response to the terminal program:
Check if the USB connector is properly plugged.
Disconnect it and connect it again.
2. It does not work when I travel.
To use a GSM network outside your own country your account
needs to be enabled for International Roaming. If this has not been
down, contact your GSM provider.
When in regions where GPRS is not available, a user can still access
their important information with GSM 14.4 kbps data connections.
3. I can not make data or fax calls
Some GSM networks require your SAMBA phone account to be
enabled for data and/or fax. If you do not know whether this applies to
you, please check with your GSM provider.
4. I can not receive data or faxes
Check your application is running. To receive faxes you will need
special software, for example, WinFax™ software.
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Most GSM networks supply different phone numbers for voice, fax
and data. Contact your GSM provider for the numbers and ensure
that the fax and data calls being made to these, not to the voice call
number.
5. GPRS connection is slow and unstable
Disconnect and connect again. You may be switched to a better
network trunk line with better communication quality.
If the problem persists, avoid using GPRS connection during the
time when network traffic is heavy, or move to a location where
signal reception is better.
6. Can not use certain call functions
To use some advanced call functions (such as call divert, call barring or
call waiting), you need to subscribe them to your operator.
7. There is noise during a call
Avoid using the SAMBA phone near a TV, microwave oven,
speaker or other devices that emits strong electromagnetic energy.
Is the reception of signal in good condition? If not, move to a
location where signal reception is better.
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