86038B Data Sheet
Agilent 86038B
Dispersion and Loss Analyzer
Fast and Accurate Spectral Analysis
Technical Specifications
January 2007
Simultaneous measurements of:
Group Delay (GD), Optical Phase,
Chromatic Dispersion (CD) and Length;
Differential Group Delay (DGD) and
Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD),
including 2 -Order PMD;
Insertion Loss (IL), and
Polarization Dependent Loss (PDL)
of fiber, components, amplifiers and links.
• Very high accuracy and resolution
• Extremely fast swept measurements
• Up to 4 port device testing
• No CD error due to PMD
• Flexible wavelength range choices from
1260 to 1640 nm (O to L band).
Agilent 86038B Photonic Dispersion and Loss
Analyzer accelerates development of the next
generation networks
If you are involved in optical communications design or
manufacturing, whether at component, subsystem or
system level, you know the challenges you face are
complex. These challenges are driven by the use of
higher data transmission rates (10 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s),
dense and coarse wavelength division multiplexing
(DWDM or CWDM), and wide wavelength range.
Overcoming dispersion is a major complication in
deploying and upgrading 10 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s
networks. Chromatic dispersion can limit the
performance of optical components and signals. This is
a problem at 10 Gb/s and a bigger one at 40 Gb/s. Like
chromatic dispersion, polarization mode dispersion also
degrades fiber optic transmission performance. It is
caused by birefringence in the optical transmission
medium, and causes polarization modes of a signal to
travel at different group velocities. The precise
characterization of dispersion and loss properties for
fibers, components and systems becomes mandatory at
data rates above 10 Gb/s.
The 86038B Photonic Dispersion and Loss Analyzer
provides the required accuracy and repeatability for
10 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s system reliability.
The value that the Agilent 86038B Photonic Dispersion
and Loss Analyzer offers is its ability to perform highly
accurate measurements of group delay (GD) and
chromatic dispersion (CD), differential group delay
(DGD) and 1 and 2 order polarization mode dispersion
(PMD), insertion loss (IL) and polarization dependent
loss (PDL) with a single set-up and connection for
minimum test uncertainty and time to increase
throughput and reduce cost of test. The 86038B is the
ideal solution for R&D and manufacturing requirements
for measurement of optical fiber, dispersion
compensating gratings, DWDM and CWDM
components, amplifiers and links.
Agilent has always been relentless in helping you meet
your design challenges. Using an innovative technique
developed by Agilent, enhancing the industry-standard
modulation phase-shift (MPS) technique, the 86038B
achieves best-in-class accuracy and repeatability with
fast swept-wavelength measurements. The instrument
allows optimizing the wavelength resolution to your
needs and provides both high resolution and low trace
noise at high speed. The 86038B also offers a real-time
data update mode (continuous sweep) for fine-tuning
Simultaneous GD, CD, DGD, PMD, IL, and PDL spectra
with a single connection and a single setup reduce test
time, instrument footprint and measurement
CD uncertainty: ± 0.07 ps/nm; ± 0.3% CD
Zero dispersion wavelength uncertainty: ± 0.015nm
Group delay repeatability: < ±0.03 ps (< ±30 fs)
PMD uncertainty: ±0.07 ps
Differential group delay uncertainty: ± 100 fs
Enhanced PDL and insertion loss accuracy: PDL < 0.05
dB, Loss < 0.02dB
Extremely high speed swept measurements:
DGD measurements over 100nm can be obtained in less
than 30 seconds.
GD/CD measurements automatically corrected for PMD
Allows very accurate CD measurements
6 polarization-state measurements
This selectable method adds additional accuracy to
polarization measurements, especially over wide
wavelength ranges
Up to 4-port component testing:
Agilent’s 81595B Modular Optical Switch allows testing
of up 4 ports of a multichannel DUT.
Wide dynamic range: > 40 dB
Flexible choice of wavelength range:
from 1260 nm to 1640 nm
Supports multiple wavelength band operation
by controlling up to 4 tunable lasers. Automatic laser
switching is available on request.
Drift correction:
Provides excellent stability and accuracy when the
environmental conditions of the room or the test device
are gradually changing.
Selectable and high wavelength resolution:
Resolution to <0.2pm for challenges like GD ripple
characterization and up to 2.5 GHz MPS modulation
frequency for lowest noise fiber characterization.
Powerful remote control:
Write your own applications for enhanced measurement
control and analysis
Removable spare hard drive:
Allows protection of your sensitive data.
1 year warranty:
Industry leading 1 year warranty is offered standard on all
86038B Photonic Dispersion and Loss Analyzers.
Key Capabilities
Page 2 of 10
Agilent 86038B
An innovative solution for
simultaneous dispersion and
loss measurements
Highly accurate and repeatable
Group Delay (GD) and
Differential Group Delay (DGD)
The 86038B was designed for a wide
range of test needs including optical
fiber, dispersion compensators,
wavelength-dependent components,
amplifiers and systems.
The 86038B uses the industrystandard Modulation Phase Shift
(MPS) method for both GD/CD and
DGD measurements. This
implementation of the MPS method
delivers both high GD and wavelength
resolution. The basic method is
standardized in IEC 60793-1-42. The
method is documented for DGD and
PMD in other standards such as
IEC 61280-4-4. This is the one method
that can determine a DGD value from
measurements only at that
wavelength, allowing high resolution
with low noise.
The 86038B Photonic Dispersion and
Loss Analyzer is based on the Agilent
N5230A Performance Network
Analyzer (PNA-L) and Agilent 81600B
tunable laser source. The PNA-L
provides low-noise phase and
amplitude measurements and flexible
choice of modulation frequency from
5 MHz to 2.5 GHz for optimizing to any
dispersion level and wavelength
resolution. The Agilent 81600B
provides specified wavelength
accuracy and stability, even during
high-speed sweeps.
Polarization-dependent measurements
are achieved with optics that minimize
the wavelength dependence and
maximize the reproducibility. An
optimized choice of polarization states
and selectable use of six input
polarization states provide optimum
accuracy of the results obtained by
matrix analysis, even over very wide
wavelength ranges. A new analysis
algorithm is used to decouple the
influence of DGD and PDL.
The Enhanced PDL and Loss Option
adds Agilent’s highest performance
power sensors to the instrument for
sensitive optical power detection with
minimum polarization dependence.
This delivers the PDL accuracy familiar
from Agilent’s industry standard
spectral loss and PDL measurement
solutions based on a tunable laser and
optical power meters using the
Mueller Matrix method.
The 86038B uses fast swept
measurements that are ideal for
manufacturing. On the manufacturing
floor, success depends on high volume
throughput, fast ramp-up and reduced
cost of test. Trust in your results is
vital. The MPS method used on the
86038B avoids sensitivity to thermal
drifts and mechanical vibrations. And
the Drift Correction feature assists in
obtaining repeatable and stable
measurements even in an unstable
Advanced polarization analysis
The 86038B Photonic Dispersion and
Loss Analyzer uses swept or stepped
wavelength measurements with 4 or 6
input polarization states in
combination with matrix analysis.
Besides DGD, PMD and PDL, this
provides complete PMD vector and 2 order PMD and the top row of the
Mueller Matrix. The exported matrix
data can be used to extract TE and TM
spectra, polarization-dependent
wavelength (PDW) of filters and
determine the contribution of GD
ripple to DGD.
Page 3 of 10
CD measurements
automatically corrected for
CD measurements can vary with the
polarization of the light due to DGD,
which limits the accuracy of the
measurement. The inherent
uncertainty can be up to half of the
differential group delay. The 86038B
takes advantage of multiple sweeps at
distinct states of polarization to
evaluate the impact of DGD on the
group delay and remove it, allowing
the system to produce group delay and
CD traces that are free of the effects
of DGD.
Fast and accurate length
In a few seconds, the fiber or device
length can be determined, short or
long. The measurement, according to
the standard IEC 60793-1-22 and using
the modulation frequency range of the
86038B supports determination of CD
and PMD coefficients of fiber, the
dependence of dispersion on length.
Excellent optical resolution for
narrow band devices
The 86038B Photonic Dispersion and
Loss Analyzer can perform
measurements with modulation
frequencies as low as 5 MHz with
wavelength steps of 0.1 pm. The
extremely low noise floor on the
PNA-L combined with phase dynamic
accuracy corrections enables
measurements with high accuracy and
repeatability at low modulation
frequencies. The very high-resolution
capability of the 86038B enables
measurements of group delay ripple.
Optical phase
Optical phase traces are also
calculated as the integral of GD.
Deviation from linear or quadratic
phase are easily displayed, similar to
GD ripple.
High speed dependable
The 86038B allows fast group delay,
chromatic dispersion and insertion
loss measurements in sweptwavelength mode. The high-speed
measurements minimize
environmental influences that affect
accuracy. A continuous sweep mode
that provides real-time data update is
also provided for fine-tuning of devices
in R&D and manufacturing.
Extremely high wavelength
The high absolute and relative
wavelength accuracy derive from the
Agilent 81600B tunable laser with
internal wavelength monitoring and
control. Especially important for swept
measurements of devices with high
CD, the 81600B wavelength accuracy
is also specified during swept
wavelength measurements, using
triggers for synchronization with the
If needed, further enhanced absolute
wavelength accuracy is available
using the Agilent 86122A
Multiwavelength Meter to
automatically measure and offset the
tunable laser source’s output
wavelength. The 86122A can be
ordered as an option on the 86038B.
The 86122A can also be used for other
measurement purposes when not
being used for 86038B measurements.
Wide dynamic range
The 86038B has a dynamic range that
can easily measure optical
transmission amplitude characteristics
of optical filters and other devices.
Furthermore, the 86038B can also
measure group delay and chromatic
dispersion characteristic over a wide
dynamic range. If required, the lowSSE output port of the tunable laser
can be used to measure filter to high
levels of wavelength isolation.
Easy to use solution for R&D
and high volume
This instrument is a stand-alone,
compact bench-top solution, ideal for
either a space-constrained R&D lab or
manufacturing floor. The 86038B has
an easy-to-operate user interface
designed to meet the individual needs
of R&D and manufacturing
environments. Measurements can be
acquired with the touch of a button.
The 86038B is designed for high
throughput measurements over an
entire wavelength band. The option for
up to 4 ports enables automated
measurement of multiport
components in transmission or using a
coupler also in reflection. The 86038B
displays a maximum of eight traces
Since manufacturing test equipment is
primarily used remotely, instrument
control must be easy, reliable and
robust. The 86038B offers complete
instrument control using .NET via LAN
interface. The LAN interface provides
for easy data storage via the network.
Extensive curve fitting and
smoothing algorithms for
group delay ripple analysis
The 86038B offers an extensive set of
data processing and smoothing
algorithms for post-processing of data.
Custom curve fitting or smoothing
algorithms can be easily imported into
the 86038B as well. Ripple analysis is
realized from the residual difference
between original and fit data. The data
can also be easily exported for data
processing and smoothing.
Drift Correction feature
provides excellent stability
The 86038B Photonic Dispersion and
Loss Analyzer has a unique and
powerful feature that can improve the
accuracy of the system when the
temperature of the room or the test
device is gradually changing. If
temperature is changing, the test
paths and DUT length change with it,
Page 4 of 10
and the phase from which relative
group delay is calculated also drifts.
To reduce the drift, select the drift
correction feature.
Real-time Port Monitor for
connection, alignment and
stability check.
The real-time port monitor allows
observation of the loss and group
delay in real time at fixed wavelength.
It is a practical tool for coupling and
alignment processes. Also with the
real-time port monitor function the
device stability and connection can be
verified prior to the measurement
Continuous trigger sweep
mode provides real time update
of data
This mode simplifies fine-tuning,
calibration and configuration of
Measurement capabilities
Group Delay (GD),
Chromatic Dispersion (CD),
Optical Phase,
Differential Group Delay (DGD),
Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD),
2 -order PMD including Polarization
Chromatic Dispersion (PCD) and
depolarization rate,
Insertion Loss (IL)
Polarization Dependent Loss (PDL)
Zero-dispersion wavelength
Zero-dispersion slope
Device Length
Ordering Information
The 86038B Photonic Dispersion and Loss Analyzer is configurable to specific measurement requirements. Options for
customer-provided TLS are also available for customers who have their own Agilent tunable laser source.
All options are available at the time of purchase. Contact your local Agilent field representative or Test and Measurement
Services and Consulting Operations for details and quotes.
Agilent 86038B ordering options
At least one TLS option must be ordered with the instrument
TLS Options
86038B – 120
CD/PMD/PDL/IL solution for S,C and L bands
(1440 nm to 1640 nm using the Agilent 81600B-200 TLS)
86038B – 116
CD/PMD/PDL/IL solution for C and L bands
(1495 nm to 1640 nm using the Agilent 81600B-160 TLS)
86038B – 115
CD/PMD/PDL/IL solution for S and C bands
(1450 nm to 1590 nm using the Agilent 81600B-150 TLS)
86038B – 114
CD/PMD/PDL/IL solution for E and S band
(1370 nm to 1495 nm using the Agilent 81600B-140 TLS)
86038B – 113
CD/PMD/PDL/IL solution for O band
(1260 nm to 1375 nm using the Agilent 81600B-130 TLS)
86038B – 320
Integration of customer-supplied Agilent 81600B-200 and 8164B*
86038B – 316
Integration of customer-supplied Agilent 81600B-160 or 81640B TLS and 8164B*
86038B – 315
Integration of customer-supplied Agilent 81600B-150 or 81680B TLS and 8164B*
86038B – 314
Integration of customer-supplied Agilent 81600B-140 or 81480B TLS and 8164B*
86038B – 313
Integration of customer-supplied Agilent 81600B-130 and 8164B*
86038B – 400
Enhanced PDL and Loss Accuracy
86038B – 410
Add 86122A multi-wavelength meter for ± 1.0 pm accuracy
86038B – 501
81591B 1x2 Modular Optical Switch for 2 Port Operation
86038B – 505
81595B 1x4 Modular Optical Switch for 4 Port Operation
86038B – 510
Verification Fiber
86038B – 520
Spare Hard Drive
* Customer-supplied tunable laser sources must be returned to Agilent for qualification test, calibration and integration in
the 86038B. The tunable laser must be equipped or retrofitted with the polarization maintaining (PM) fiber option. Tunable
lasers found to be in need of repair or retrofit will incur additional cost to the customer. Contact the Agilent field sales staff
for more information about performing retrofits.
Page 5 of 10
Specifications [a]
Specifications apply to swept mode (if not stated otherwise)
Group Delay and Differential Group Delay [b]
loss ≤ 4 dB
loss ≤ 10 dB
Relative Group Delay (rGD) Uncertainty
± 50 fs
± 100 fs
Relative Group Delay (rGD) Repeatability
± 30 fs
loss ≤ 30 dB, typ.
± 350 fs
± 4 ps
± 300 fs
± 3.5 ps
± 500 fs ± 2% of DGD
± 5 ps ± 12% of DGD
± 350 fs ± 1.5% of DGD
± 3.5 ps ± 12% of DGD
± 300 fs ± 2% of PMD
± 3 ps ± 4% of PMD
± 50 fs
Differential Group Delay (DGD) Uncertainty
± 100 fs ± 2.5% of DGD
loss ≤ 20 dB, typ.
± 150 fs ± 3% of DGD
Differential Group Delay (DGD) Repeatability [e],[f]
± 50 fs ± 1% of DGD
± 100 fs ± 2% of DGD
PMD Uncertainty (typical) [e],[f],[h]
± 70 fs ± 2% of PMD
± 100 fs ± 2% of PMD
Modulation Frequency Range
5 MHz to 2.5 GHz
[a] Ambient temperature change max. ± 0.5°C since normalization. TLS maximum power set to 0 dBm. Sweep over
specified wavelength range. Specification does not include instability in test device. Specified loss ranges include
loss of test device and any additional switches or connections in the optical path. Specification valid on day of
[b] Modulation frequency fmod = 2 GHz. IFBW = 70 Hz, wavelength increment = 1 nm, PDA correction ON.
Note: for modulation frequencies, fmod, different from 2 GHz, uncertainties typically scale by the factor “2 GHz/fmod“.
[c] GD/CD Swept Mode.
[d] Based on phase measurement uncertainties and modulation frequency uncertainty.
For rGD >> 1000 ps add ± 10-6 of rGD (contribution from modulation frequency uncertainty).
[e] DGD/PDL Swept Mode using 6 polarization states.
[f] Tested with a set of fibers (SMF and PMF) covering a range of DGD values. Specification is typical for DGD >50ps.
[h] Averaged over 50 nm wavelength span with wavelength increment ≤ 1 nm.
± (0.02 mm + 1x10-6 of length) typ.[i]
Length Uncertainty
[i] Not including uncertainty of entered value for group refractive index. Specification valid for length ≤ 50 km, based on
a refractive index of 1.4.
Page 6 of 10
Polarization Dependent Loss (PDL)
Without Opt. 400: ± (0.15 dB + 3% of PDL) typ.
Gain/Loss Uncertainty
Without Opt. 400: ± (0.1 dB + 5% of loss)[l] typ.
With Opt. 400:
With Opt. 400:
± (0.05 dB + 3% of PDL)
± 0.02 dB (loss < 10dB)
± 0.04 dB (loss < 30dB)
[j] DGD/PDL Swept Mode using 6 polarization states, excluding connectors.
[k] Loss from 0 dB to 4 dB; Opt.400 specified over the specified range of the tunable laser option, but limited to within
1450-1625 nm.
[l] Loss from 0 dB to 40 dB.
Dynamic range
> 40 dB typ.[m]
System dynamic range
[m] For TLS power level 0 dBm. For higher power levels, the dynamic range increases correspondingly.
Wavelength Range
Opt. #120 or #320: With Agilent 81600B-200 Tunable Laser Source
1440 nm to 1640 nm
Opt. #116 or #316: With Agilent 81600B-160 or 81640B
1495 nm to 1640 nm
Opt. #115 or #315: With Agilent 81600B-150 or 81680B
1450 nm to 1590 nm
Opt. #114 or #314: With Agilent 81600B-140
1370 nm to 1495 nm
Opt. #113 or #313: With Agilent 81600B-130
1260 nm to 1375 nm
Minimum Wavelength Increment
0.1 pm
[n] PDLA specifications apply for sweeps within the following wavelength ranges. Excluding mode-hops. For the
conditions for mode-hop free continuous sweeps, please see the tunable laser specifications in the tunable laser User’s
Opt. #120 or #320: 1475 nm to 1625 nm,
Opt. #116 or #316: 1510 nm to 1620 nm,
Opt. #115 or #315: 1480 nm to 1580 nm,
Opt. #114 or #314: 1420 nm to 1490 (typical specifications),
Opt. #113 or #313: 1270 nm to 1350 (typical specifications).
Absolute Wavelength Uncertainty
Stepped mode
Swept mode
with Agilent 86122A
± 2 pm typ.
without Agilent 86122A
± 10 pm, ± 3.6 pm typ.
with Agilent 86122A
± 4 pm typ.
Page 7 of 10
≤ ± 6.1 pm typ.
without Agilent 86122A
Relative Wavelength Uncertainty
± 5 pm, ± 2 pm typ.
Stepped mode
≤ ± 4 pm typ.
Swept mode
[o] Valid for one month and within a ± 4.4 K temperature range after automatic wavelength zeroing.
For details, refer to tunable laser's wavelength uncertainty specification.
Chromatic Dispersion
Specifications for selected wavelength resolution [u] ∆λ
loss ≤ 4 dB
loss ≤ 10 dB
loss ≤ 20 dB, typ.
loss ≤ 30 dB, typ.
Chromatic Dispersion (CD) Uncertainty
70 fs 0.003 nm
× CD
140 fs 0.003 nm
× CD
0.5 ps 0.003 nm
× CD
6 ps 0.003 nm
× CD
Example: ± (0.07 + 0.3% CD) ps/nm for 1 nm wavelength resolution, with a fiber of CD dispersion and loss ≤ 4 dB.
Zero Dispersion Wavelength Uncertainty[w],[x]
± 0.008 nm
0.007 ps / nm
± 0.008 nm ± 0.014 ps / nm
± 0.008 nm ± 0.05 ps/ nm
± 0.008 nm ± 0 .6 ps / nm
Example: ± 0.015 nm typ. for a fiber with zero dispersion slope ZDS = 1 ps/nm and loss ≤ 4 dB.
Zero Dispersion Slope (ZDS) Uncertainty [w],[x]
± 0.002 ps / nm 2 ± 0.1% ⋅ ZDS
± 0.004 ps / nm 2 ± 0.1% ⋅ ZDS
± 0.016 ps / nm 2 ± 0.1% ⋅ ZDS
± 0.16 ps / nm2 ± 0.1% ⋅ ZDS
Example: ± 0.003 ps/nm2 for a fiber with zero dispersion slope ZDS = 1 ps/nm2 and loss ≤ 4 dB.
Repeatability of Chromatic Dispersion, Zero Dispersion Wavelength and Zero Dispersion Slope
typ. < 60%
typ. < 60%
of the respective
of the respective
[t] Uncertainties derived from rGD uncertainty and from ± 2 pm relative wavelength uncertainty for ∆λ between 0.1 nm
and 10 nm. Parameters and conditions as for rGD.
[u] Wavelength resolution ∆λ equals (wavelength increment ∗ selected smoothing width) (see manual). Valid for ∆λ
between 0.1 nm and 10 nm.
[v] Typical without wavelength meter option. (± 0.006 nm with wavelength meter option.)
[w] For fibers. Determined by a curve fit over a wavelength range of 10 nm including the zero-dispersion wavelength,
with wavelength increment ≤ 1 nm, assuming that the selected curve fit sufficiently represents the fiber dispersion
curve (the fit does not contribute to the error).
[x] Method confirmed on NIST Standard Reference Material 2524.
Page 8 of 10
Measurement time
General Characteristics
30 s
(DGD/PDL swept mode with 4 polarization states, IFBW
70 Hz, 2 nm wavelength range and 10 pm wavelength
increment, or 100 nm wavelength range and 1 nm
wavelength increment)
(Minimum configuration including one tunable laser)
100 – 240 V~ 50 – 60 Hz
3 power cables
N5230A: max. 350 W
8164B (incl modules): max. 270 VA
83427C: max. 250 VA
Maximum Safe Optical Input Power:
+4 dBm
Warm-up time:
90 minutes
Storage temperature:
-40°C to +70°C
Operating temperature:
+10°C to +35°C
Specified temperature:
+20°C to +30°C
< 80% r.h., non-condensing
Recommended re-calibration period:
1 year
Assembled dimensions: (H x W x D)
55.5 cm x 43.5 cm x 55.5 cm
(21.9 in x 17.2 in x 21.9 in)
Power Requirements
Net weight
Standard system: 54 kg (120 lbs)
The main system documentation is the operating manual that describes how to operate the Agilent 86038B. Individual
instrument manuals will also be supplied with supplemental documentation of any special modifications. All documentation
is shipped with the product but is also available on the Agilent web site at www.agilent.com/comms/lightwave
All system warranties and support agreements are dependent upon the integrity of the Agilent 86038B. Any modification of
the system software or hardware will terminate any obligation that Agilent Technologies may have to the purchaser. Please
contact your local Agilent field engineer before embarking in any changes to the system.
Included in the sales price is an industry leading one-year warranty. In addition to the one-year warranty, extended warranty
periods, on-site troubleshooting, reduced response times and increased coverage hours can be negotiated under a separate
support agreement and will be charged at an extra cost.
Instruments and computers
The instrument standard support life period is five years. Application software is supported only on computer and
instrument configurations specified at the time of installation.
Page 9 of 10
Agilent Technologies’ Test and Measurement Support, Services, and Assistance
Agilent Technologies aims to maximize the value you receive, while minimizing your risk and problems. We strive to ensure that you get the test and
measurement capabilities you paid for and obtain the support you need. Our extensive support resources and services can help you choose the right
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Our Promise
Our Promise means your Agilent test and measurement equipment will meet its advertised performance and functionality. When you are choosing new
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By Internet, phone, or fax, get assistance with all your test & measurement needs
Online assistance:
For related literature, please visit:
Phone or Fax
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(fax) 1 800 829 4433
(tel) 1 877 894 4414
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Product specifications and descriptions in this document subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 2007 Agilent Technologies
February 2, 2007
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