TechTopics No. 73 - Generator circuit breaker applications

TechTopics No. 73 - Generator circuit breaker applications
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TechTopics No. 73
Generator circuit breaker applications - transient recovery voltage
TechTopics No. 71 discussed the major issues that make a
circuit breaker application for a large generator quite different
from a normal circuit breaker application. For convenience, a
normal circuit breaker application will be referred to as a
“distribution application,” but this can include transformer
applications, motor feeders, bus tie applications, capacitor
switching and others. This issue of TechTopics explores one
aspect of generator circuit breaker applications, very high
transient recovery voltages (TRV), in more detail.
ANSI/IEEE C37.06-2009 is the standard for distribution circuit
breakers. It replaced ANSI C37.06-2000. C37.06 shows
transient recovery voltage values that distribution circuit
breakers must withstand during the short-circuit switching
tests required by IEEE C37.09. C37.06 includes transient
recovery voltage values harmonized with the values in IEC
62271-100 and also uses the method of definition of the TRV
waveshape that is used in the IEC standards.
IEEE C37.013 gives the TRV values for generator circuit breaker
applications, but uses different variables to describe the TRV
waveshape. The revision of C37.013 began in early 2009, and
the TRV representation will be harmonized with that in the
new C37.06 document, as well as with the IEC representation.
The revision of C37.013 is anticipated in 2013, and will be
redesigned as ANSI/IEEE 62271-37-013, a dual-logo IEEE and
IEC document.
The values in the tables are not strictly comparable, but are
nonetheless enlightening. The following table lists TRV values
for distribution and for generator circuit breakers.
As mentioned, the TRV values have somewhat different
meanings, but this is a matter of the details. A glance at the
rate of rise of recovery voltage (RRRV) values in the tables will
readily show that the rate of rise of TRV requirements for
generator circuit breakers are much more severe than for
distribution circuit breaker applications.
Answers for infrastructure.
Circuit breaker type
Distribution1
Generator2
Standard
IEEE C37.06
IEEE C37.013a-2007
Source or type
T100, Class S2
System source
Generator source
Rated maximum voltage, kV
15
15
15
TRV peak value, kV
uc = 29.2 kV
E2 = 1.84 V = 27.6 kV
E2 = 1.84 V = 27.6 kV
Time to peak, µs
t3 = 32 µs
T2 = 0.62 V = 9.3 µs
T2 = 1.35 V = 20.3 µs
RRRV, kV/µs
0.92 kV/µs
3.5 kV/µs
1.6 kV/µs
3
Footnotes:
1. TRV peak value (uc) interpolated for rated maximum voltage V = 15.0 kV.
2. Values selected from tables in IEEE C37.013a-2007 for transformer (system) up to 100 MVA and generator up to 100 MVA.
3. New t3 value is approximately 1.138 x historic T2 value.
Circuit breaker type
Distribution1
Generator2
Standard
IEEE C37.06
IEEE C37.013a-2007
Source or type
Out-of-phase, Class S2
Out-of-phase
Rated maximum voltage, kV
15
15
TRV peak value, kV
uc = 28.2 kV1
E2 = 2.6 V = 39.0 kV
Time to peak, µs
t3 = 63 µs
T2 = 0.892 V = 13.4 µs
RRRV, kV/µs
0.62 kV/µs
3
3.3 kV/µs
Footnotes:
1. TRV peak value (uc) interpolated for rated maximum voltage V = 15.0 kV.
2. Values selected from tables in IEEE C37.013a-2007 for transformer (system) up to 100 MVA and generator up to 100 MVA.
3. New t3 value is approximately 1.138 x historic T2 value.
The information provided in this document contains merely general
descriptions or characteristics of performance which in case of actual
use do not always apply as described or which may change as a result of
further development of the products. An obligation to provide the
respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed in the terms
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