Z5623A H81 Documentation
Agilent Technologies
Z5623A Option H81
User’s and Service Guide
Agilent Technologies
Z5623A Option H81
User’s and Service Guide
Manufacturing Part Number: Z5623-90064
Printed in USA February 2006
© Copyright Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2004, 2005, 2006
Warranty Statement
THE MATERIAL CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED “AS IS,” AND IS SUBJECT
TO BEING CHANGED, WITHOUT NOTICE, IN FUTURE EDITIONS. FURTHER, TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, AGILENT DISCLAIMS ALL
WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL AND
ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. AGILENT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS OR FOR INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FURNISHING, USE, OR
PERFORMANCE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN.
SHOULD AGILENT AND THE USER HAVE A SEPARATE WRITTEN AGREEMENT WITH
WARRANTY TERMS COVERING THE MATERIAL IN THIS DOCUMENT THAT CONFLICT
WITH THESE TERMS, THE WARRANTY TERMS IN THE SEPARATE AGREEMENT WILL
CONTROL.
DFARS/Restricted Rights Notice
If software is for use in the performance of a U.S. Government prime contract or
subcontract, Software is delivered and licensed as “Commercial computer software” as
defined in DFAR 252.227-7014 (June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as defined in FAR
2.101(a) or as “Restricted computer software” as defined in FAR 52.227-19 (June 1987) or
any equivalent agency regulation or contract clause. Use, duplication or disclosure of
Software is subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard commercial license terms, and
non-DOD Departments and Agencies of the U.S. Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users
will receive no greater than Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) or
DFAR 252.227-7015 (b)(2) (November 1995), as applicable in any technical data.
ii
User’s and Service Guide Supplement
Safety Notes
The following safety notes are used throughout this document. Familiarize yourself with
each of these notes and its meaning before performing any of the procedures in this
document.
WARNING
Warning denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure
which, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in
injury or loss of life. Do not proceed beyond a warning note
until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
CAUTION
Caution denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure that, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or
destruction of the instrument. Do not proceed beyond a caution sign
until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
Definitions
• Specifications describe the performance of parameters covered by the product warranty
(temperature –0 to 55 °C, unless otherwise noted.)
• Typical describes additional product performance information that is not covered by the
product warranty. It is performance beyond specification that 80% of the units exhibit
with a 95% confidence level over the temperature range 20 to 30 °C. Typical
performance does not include measurement uncertainty.
• Nominal values indicate expected performance or describe product performance that is
useful in the application of the product, but is not covered by the product warranty.
User’s and Service Guide Supplement
iii
iv
User’s and Service Guide Supplement
Contents
1. Introduction
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Electrical Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Operating Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Non-Operating Storage Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Cabinet Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Miscellaneous Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Installation
Verifying the Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Electrical Preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Environmental Preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Electrostatic Discharge Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Test Set Familiarization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3. Controlling the Test Set
System Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
System Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Front Panel Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Test Set Damage Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
PIN Switch Overshoot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Test Set Performance Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Performance Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Source To CPLR THRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Source In to RCVR R1 OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4. Service and Safety Information
Service and Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Service and Support Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Connector Care and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Before Applying Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Shipping Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Contents
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Instrument Markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Contacting Agilent Sales and Service Offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
1
Introduction
1
Introduction
Description
Description
The Agilent Z5623AH81 Pulse Test Set adds pulse measurement to the
E8362B PNA Series Network analyzer.
NOTE
This User’s and Service Guide documents the use of the test set with an
Agilent E8362B Network Analyzer.
Electrical Requirements
The alternating-current (AC) power that is supplied to the test set
must meet the following requirements:
Voltage: 90 to 250 Vac
Frequency: 50 to 60 Hz
Available power: 40 watts minimum
If the available AC line voltage is outside the 90 to 250 Vac range, an
autotransformer that provides third wire continuity to earth ground
may be used.
2
Chapter 1
Introduction
Environmental Requirements
Environmental Requirements
Operating Environment
Indoor use only
Operating temperature: 0 to 55 °C
Maximum relative humidity: 80 percent for temperatures up to 31 °C
decreasing linearly to 50 percent relative humidity at 40 °C
Altitude: up to 15,000 feet (4,572 meters)
Enclosure protection: IP 20, according to IEC 529
CAUTION
This product is designed for use in INSTALLATION CATEGORY II,
and POLLUTION DEGREE 2, per IEC 101 and 664 respectively.
Non-Operating Storage Conditions
Temperature: –40 °C to +70 °C
Humidity: 0 to 90 percent relative at +65 °C (non-condensing)
Altitude: 0 to 15,240 meters (50,000 feet)
General Characteristics
Weight
Net: Approximately 9 kg
Shipping: Approximately 20 kg
Cabinet Dimensions
These dimensions exclude front and rear panel protrusions.
89 mm H by 425 mm W by 500 mm D (3.5 in by 16.75 in by 19.7 in)
Miscellaneous Characteristics
RF connectors: APC 3.5 mm (female)
Pulse connector: BNC (female)
Switch type: Solid State
Chapter 1
3
Introduction
General Characteristics
4
Chapter 1
2
Installation
5
Installation
Verifying the Shipment
Verifying the Shipment
After the test set has been unpacked, keep the original packaging
materials so they can be used if you need to transport the instrument.
Check the items received against Table 1 to make sure you have
received everything.
Inspect the test set and all accessories for any signs of damage that may
have occurred during shipment. If your test set or any accessories
appear to be damaged or missing, refer to “Contacting Agilent Sales
and Service Offices” on page 42.
Table 1
Content List
Description
Agilent
Part Number
Qty
Power Cord
See Figure 2 on page 8
1
Cable Jumper
08720-20098
2
Attn 10 dB SMA
0955-0317
1
Adapter SMA male to SMA male
1250-1788
1
Cable Assy 5 inch SMA
5062-6680
1
Kit-Front Handle
5063-9226
1
Kit-Rack Mount
5063-9232
1
Cable RF, CPLR Thru
Z5623-20294
1
Cable RF, SRC OUT
Z5623-20295
1
Cable RF, R1 In Attn
Z5623-20296
1
Cable RF, R1 In
Z5623-20297
1
High Pass Filter 2-18 Ghz
Z5623-80027
1
BNC Short (attached to Pulse In)
1250-0774
1
User’s and Service Guide
Z5623-90064
1
6
Chapter 2
Installation
Electrical Preparations
Electrical Preparations
1. Ensure that the “Electrical Requirements” on page 2 are met.
2. Verify that the power cable is not damaged and that the power
source outlet provides a protective earth ground contact. Note that
Figure 1 depicts only one type of power source outlet. Refer to
Figure 2 to see the different types of power cord plugs that can be
used with your test set.
Cables are available in different lengths. For descriptions and part
numbers of cables other than those described in Figure 2, Refer to
“Contacting Agilent Sales and Service Offices” on page 42.
3. If this product is to be powered by autotransformer, make sure the
common terminal is connected to the neutral (grounded) side of the
ac power supply.
Figure 1
Protective Earth Ground
WARNING
This is a Safety Class I product (provided with a protective
earthing ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains
plug shall only be inserted into a socket outlet provided with a
protective earth contact. Any interruption of the protective
conductor, inside or outside the instrument, is likely to make
the instrument dangerous. Intentional interruption of the
protective conductor is prohibited.
Chapter 2
7
Installation
Electrical Preparations
Figure 2
Power Cables
a
Plug Type
250V
Cable
Plug b
Length
Part
Number Description cm (in.)
Cable
Color
8120-8705
Straight
BS 1363A
229 (90)
Mint Gray
8120-8709
90
229 (90)
Mint Gray
8120-1369
Straight
AS 3112
210 (79)
Gray
8120-0696
90
200 (78)
Gray
8120-1378
Straight
NEMA 5-15P
203 (80)
Jade Gray
8120-1521
90
203 (80)
Jade Gray
8120-4753
Straight
NEMA 5-15P
229 (90)
Gray
8120-4754
90
229 (90)
Gray
8120-1689
Straight
CEE 7/VII
200 (78)
Mint Gray
8120-1692
90
200 (78)
Mint Gray
8120-2104
Straight
SEV Type 12
200 (78)
Gray
8120-2296
90
200 (78)
Gray
8120-2956
Straight
SR 107-2-D
200 (78)
Gray
8120-2957
90
200 (78)
Gray
8120-4211
Straight
IEC 83-B1
200 (78)
Mint Gray
8120-4600
90
200 (78)
Mint Gray
8120-5182
Straight
SI 32
200 (78)
Jade Gray
8120-5181
90
200 (78)
Jade Gray
E
L
N
250V
E
L
N
125V
E
N
L
125V
For Use
in Country
Option 900
United Kingdom, Hong
Kong, Cyprus, Nigeria,
Singapore, Zimbabwe
Option 901
Argentina, Australia,
New Zealand, Mainland
China
Option 903
United States, Canada,
Brazil, Colombia,
Mexico,Philippines,
Saudi Arabia, Taiwan
Option 918
Japan
E
N
L
250V
E
N
L
230V
Option 902
Continental Europe,
Central African Republic,
United Arab Republic
Option 906
Switzerland
E
L
N
220V
N
L
Option 912
Denmark
E
250V
Option 917
South Africa, India
E
L
N
250V
Option 919
Israel
E
N
L
a. E =earth ground, L = line, and N = neutral.
b. Plug identifier numbers describe the plug only. The Agilent Technologies part number is for the complete cable assembly.
8
Chapter 2
Installation
Environmental Preparations
Environmental Preparations
1. Ensure that the “Electrical Requirements” on page 2 are met.
2. If you are installing the test set into a cabinet, ensure there are at
least two inches of clearance around the sides and back of the test
set and the system cabinet. See Figure 3. The convection into and
out of the test set must not be restricted. The ambient temperature
(outside the cabinet) must be less than the maximum operating
temperature of the test set by 4 °C for every 100 watts dissipated in
the cabinet.
Figure 3
Ventilation Clearance Requirements
CAUTION
If the total power dissipated in the cabinet is greater than 800 watts,
forced convection must be used.
Chapter 2
9
Installation
Electrostatic Discharge Protection
Electrostatic Discharge Protection
Protection against electrostatic discharge (ESD) is essential while
removing or connecting cables or assemblies within the network
analyzer.
Static electricity can build up on your body and can easily damage
sensitive internal circuit elements when discharged. Static discharges
too small to be felt can cause permanent damage. To prevent damage to
the instrument:
• always wear a grounded wrist strap having a 1 MΩ resistor in series
with it when handling components and assemblies.
• always use a grounded, conductive table mat while working on the
instrument.
• always wear a heel strap when working in an area with a conductive
floor. If you are uncertain about the conductivity of your floor, wear a
heel strap.
Figure 4 shows a typical ESD protection setup using a grounded mat
and wrist strap.
Figure 4
ESD Protection Setup
10
Chapter 2
Installation
Test Set Familiarization
Test Set Familiarization
This section familiarizes the user with various front and rear panel
features of the test set.
Front Panel
Figure 5
Front Panel Features
RCVR R1
OUT
CPLR
IN
AMP
OUT
SOURCE
IN
POWER
LED
Power
Switch
CPLR
THRU
PULSE
OUT
AMP
IN
PULSE
INPUT
BNC Short
(1250-0774)
Attached to PULSE IN
Ground
Power On Switch
The Power On switch turns the AC power to the test set on and off. The
switch is located at the bottom left corner of the front panel.
The switch disconnects the mains circuits from the mains supply after
the EMC filters and before other parts of the instrument.
Power LED
The power LED is illuminated when the power switch is in the on (1)
position.
RF Connectors
All of the RF connectors are 50 Ω APC 3.5 mm connectors.
Pulse Connector
The pulse input connector is a 50 Ω ΒΝC female connectors.
Chapter 2
11
Installation
Test Set Familiarization
Rear Panel
Figure 6
Rear Panel Features
Line Module
Line Module
The line module contains the power cable receptacle and the line fuse.
Power Cables
The line power cable is supplied in one of several configurations,
depending on the destination of the original shipment.
Each instrument is equipped with a three-wire power cable. When
connected to an appropriate ac power receptacle, this cable grounds the
instrument chassis. The type of power cable shipped with each
instrument depends on the country of destination. See Figure 2 on page
8 for the part numbers of these power cables.
WARNING
This is a Safety Class I product (provided with a protective
earthing ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains
plug shall only be inserted in a socket outlet provided with a
protective earth contact. Any interruption of the protective
conductor, inside or outside the instrument, is likely to make
the instrument dangerous. Intentional interruption is
prohibited.
12
Chapter 2
Installation
Test Set Familiarization
The Line Fuse
The line fuse (F 3 A/250 V, 2110-0780) and a spare reside within the line
module. Figure 7 illustrates where the fuses are and how to access
them.
Figure 7
Location of Line Fuses
Chapter 2
13
Installation
Test Set Familiarization
14
Chapter 2
3
Controlling the Test Set
15
Controlling the Test Set
System Performance
System Performance
The following specifications describe the systems typical performance
for the E8362B with Options H08 Pulsed-RF Measurement Capability
and H11 External IF Access and the Z5623AH81 2-20 GHz Pulse RF
Test Set. Refer to the E8362B. The internal PIN switch in the
Z5623AH81 Pulse test set can extend the lower frequency range down
to 500 MHz. Specifications are not given for the 500 MHz to 2 GHz
range. System level performance is not measured.
CAUTION
The Z5623AH81 has an internal RF Amplifier. This Amplifier will
undergo compression at power levels above −5 dBm into the Source
Input of the test set. When using the Z5623AH81 the 10 dB attenuator
supplied, must be connected to the RCVR R1 Out port of the test to
avoid compression of the PNA's R1 Mixer. Caution should be taken to
protect the PNA's B Mixer by adjusting the B channel receiver
attenuator to 20 dB to avoid compression. Power levels into the PNA
are indicated in the PNA's Help Menu and the User’s and Service
Guide.
16
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
Operation
Operation
Your PNA with Option H08 comes with a VB application/DLL for the
pulse application. Please review this application before connecting the
Z5623AH81 test set to the PNA. This application can be found in the
PNA's Help Menu under "Pulse" or Option H08. Application is shown
below.
The Option H08 provides the following:
• Enables IF gates provided with Option H11.
• Provides algorithms to optimize the following:
— IF bandwidth and shape (FIR filter taps).
— Sample rate of instrument.
— PRF
• Includes:
— Dynamic link library (.dll) for automated environments.
— Visual Basic application for stand-alone use (utilizes .dll).
Chapter 3
17
Controlling the Test Set
System Setup
System Setup
Figure 8
Typical Configuration
External pusle generator
(e.g., 81110A mainframe with
81111A output module
GPIB
Pulse 1 out
10 MHz
Ref
Microwave PNA
(20, 40, 50, or 67 GHz)
Pulse 2
out
Cplr Thru
Source Out
Rcvr R1 In
Z5623AH81
2-20 GHz Pulse Test Set
DUT
WARNING
The RF cables supplied with your test are designed for the
E8362B. Connector damage may occur if the receiver does not
have a 3.5 mm input connector.
18
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
System Setup
Figure 9
Front Panel Cable Connections
Output 1 Output 2
Z5623-20295
0955-0317 (10 dB Atten)
Z5623-20296
08720-20098
Z5623-20294
1250-1788
Z5623-80027
High Pass Filter
Chapter 3
5062-6680
Output 1
19
Controlling the Test Set
System Setup
Figure 10
Rear Panel Cable Connections
Clock
GPIB
20
GPIB (Ref Input)
10 MHz Ref Out
Output 2
(81111A to Pulse B In)
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
System Setup
Table 2
Equipment Connection
From
To
Front Panel:
PNA Source Out
Z5623AH81 Source In
PNA CPLR Thru
Z5623AH81 CPLR Thru
PNA RCVR R1 In
Z5623AH81 RCVR R1 Out
81111A Pulse 1 Out
Z5623AH81 Pulse In
Rear Panel:
PNA Pulse B In
81111A Pulse 2 Out
PNA 10 MHz Ref Out
81110A 10 MHz Ref In
PNA GPIB
81110A GPIB
Chapter 3
21
Controlling the Test Set
System Setup
Front Panel Jumpers
The Z5623AH81 test set allows the user to bypass the internal
amplifier. To bypass the amplifier reconfigure the jumper cables,
located on the front panel, so that the Pulse Out is connect to CPLR In.
Figure 12 allows the user to customize their measurement needs.
Figure 13, a 2 GHz high pass filter is recommended to reduce video feed
thru, see “PIN Switch Overshoot” on page 27.
Figure 11
Normal Operation
22
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
System Setup
Figure 12
Bypass Operation
Chapter 3
23
Controlling the Test Set
System Setup
Figure 13
External Filter
24
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
General Information
General Information
• PNA E8362B Network Analyzer: 10 MHz to 20 GHz
•
Z5623AH81 Test Set: 2 GHz to 20 GHz Pulse Test Set with
amplifier.
• Dynamic Range: 2 GHz to 20 GHz, 70 dB
• Pulsed-RF Switch Test Set:
— Transition Time, 20 nanoseconds
— Rise/Fall Time (10% to 90%), 15 nanoseconds
— Pulse Width (minimum), 100 nanoseconds
— Trigger Level (External), 10K Ω TTL, "0" ON, "1" OFF,
TTL-low-level signal turns the RF on
— Maximum Power Input, 10 dBm
— On/Off Ratio, 70 dB
• E8362B Option H08:
— Widest Bandwidth, 10 kHz
— Trigger Level (External), TTL
— Trigger Width (minimum), 20 nanoseconds (with external switch
< 20 ns)
— Pulse Profile Feature
Table 3
Typical System Performance
Typical System Performance
2-8 GHz
8-18 GHz
18-20 GHz
Maximum Power at Port 11 (measured)
18 dBm
14 dBm
12 dBm
Reference Power at Port 1 (nominal)
−8 dBm
−12 dBm
−14 dBm
Minimum Power at Port 12 (measured)
−80 dBm
−80 dBm
−80 dBm
System Dynamic Range3
70 dB
130 dB
70 dB
120 dB
70 dB
120 dB
Pulse4
Non-Pulse4
1. This maximum power measurement assumes that the E8362B source attenuator is set to
0 dB and the power level is set to −5 dbm (default power level is on for the E8362B). A & B receiver
attenuators are set at 10 dB.
2. This minimum power measurement bypasses the internal amplifier of the Z5623AH81 Test Set.
3. Forward transmission measurements. Limited by compression level and noise floor.
4. System Dynamic Range “Pulse” indicates the on/off ratio of the PIN switch. The Non Pulse
indicates if the PIN switch is on and is not used in a pulse mode application.
Chapter 3
25
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Damage Levels
Test Set Damage Levels
The maximum power levels are indicated on the Z5623AH81 front
panel.
CAUTION
Damage to internal parts of the test set will occur if max power levels
are exceeded. Consult your PNA's User’s and Service Guide for
maximum power handling capabilities.
Table 4
Maximum Power Levels
Source In
+10 dBm
Amp In
+10 dBm
CPLR In
+30 dBm
RCVR R1 Out
+15 dBm
26
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
PIN Switch Overshoot
PIN Switch Overshoot
Before connecting your device to the PNA with the Z5623AH81 please
be advised.
CAUTION
Damage to the users device can occur due to overshoot from the internal
PIN switch used in the Z5623AH81. Overshoot on the pulsed RF signal
is caused by the video feed through of the pulse TTL input. It is highly
recommended that a high pass filter be place between jumpers Pulse
Out and Amp IN on the front panel of the Z5623AH81 to eliminate this
overshoot. A high pass filter is supplied with the Z5623AH81 Pulse Test
Set. You can customize your application needs by replacing the high
pass filter. Refer to “Contacting Agilent Sales and Service Offices” on
page 42 for customized filter kits that can be supplied for use with the
Z5623AH81.
The typical performance of the PIN Switch is shown in “Pulse of PIN
Switch (RF Power On/Off).” This plot shows the overshoot of the video
feed thru.
Chapter 3
27
Controlling the Test Set
PIN Switch Overshoot
Figure 14
Pulse of PIN Switch (RF Power On/Off)
Figure 15
Typical On/Off Ratio of the PIN Switch
28
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Performance Verification
Test Set Performance Verification
Equipment Required
• E8362B Network Analyzer 10 MHz to 20 GHz or equivalent
• 85033D/E 3.5 mm Calibration Kit or equivalent
• BNC Male Short
• 3.5 mm 50 Ω Termination
• two 3.5 mm RF Cables, 36 inch or equivalent
Performance Procedure
To test the performance of the Z5623AH81 it is assumed the user is
familiar with the operation of the equipment listed above.
General S-parameters are used to characterize the connection paths of
the test set. Both reflection and transmission measurements are
required. These measurements are made using the E8362B 3.5 mm
Calibration Kit and RF cables.
Table 5
PNA Initial Setup
Start Freq
500 MHz
Stop Freq
20 GHz
Power Level
−20 dBm
IF Bandwidth
100 Hz
Number of Points
401
To display all 4 S-parameters set the network analyzer’s display
window to setup B.
Measurements can be made easier by setting up the PNA Markers
search, tracking and search domain user states for each frequency
band.
User states for markers:
Marker 1 (2 GHz - 20 GHz)
Set the marker search to Maximum in the S11, S22, and S12 windows.
In the S21 window all of the markers are set to Minimum. When
measuring the On/Off Ratio S21 response, set the marker to Maximum.
Chapter 3
29
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Performance Verification
Source To CPLR THRU
1. Perform a 2-Port Calibration on the PNA at the ends of the RF
cables. Calibration should be performed at the following settings:
Refer to Table 5 on page 29.
2. Connect the RF cables shown in Figure 16. This measures the
SOURCE IN to CPLR THRU and On/Off ratio.
3. Connect a BNC male short to the PULSE IN connector.
4. Measure all of the S-parameters for the SOURCE IN to CPLR
THRU. Refer to Figure 17 and Figure 18 on page 32.
• The S11/S22 measured response should be < 8 dB return loss.
• The S21 measured response should be > +18 dB gain.
• The S12 measured response should be < −70 dB insertion loss.
5. Set the PNA to measure S21 only and normalize the S21 response.
6. Disconnect the BNC male from the PULSE IN after the S21
response has been normalized.
7. Measure the On/Off ratio. The On/Off ratio should be < −70 dB.
30
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Performance Verification
Figure 16
Source In to CPLR
PULSE OUT
AMP IN
AMP OUT
CPLR IN
CPLR THRU
SOURCE IN
RCVR R1 OUT
Chapter 3
31
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Performance Verification
Figure 17
Source In to CPLR THUR S-Parameter Plot
Figure 18
Source In to CPLR THUR On_Off Plot
1. Change the display to S21
2. Normalize the response with
the BNC short on.
3. Remove the BNC short.
4. Measure the On/Off ratio.
32
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Performance Verification
Source In to RCVR R1 OUT
1. Connect the RF cables shown in Figure 19. This measures the
SOURCE IN to RCVR R1 OUT.
2. Reconnect a BNC male short to the PULSE IN connector.
3. Terminate the test sets CPLR THRU port using the male 3.5 mm
load from the calibration kit.
4. Measure the following S-parameters for the SOURCE IN to RCVR
R1 OUT. Refer to Figure 20 on page 35.
• The S11/S22 measured response should be < 8 dB return loss.
• The S21 measured response should be +2 dB gain.
Chapter 3
33
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Performance Verification
Figure 19
SOURCE IN to RCVR R1 OUT
E8362B
10 MHz to20 GHz
PNA Series Network Analyzer
s
Port 1
CPLR
ARM
SOURCE
OUT
RCVR
A IN
Port 1
RCVR
B IN
Port 2
CPLR
THRU
CPLR
THRU
Reference 1
SOURCE
OUT
CPLR
ARM
SOURCE
OUT
Reference 2
RCVR
R1 IN
s
Port 2
RCVR
R2 IN
SOURCE
OUT
Z5623AH81 PULSE TEST SET, 2 GHz to 20 GHz
RCVR R1 OUT
CPLR IN
AMP OUT
PULSE OUT
SOURCE IN
AMP IN
AMP OUT
CPLR IN
CPLR THRU
SOURCE IN
CPLR THRU
PULSE OUT
AMP IN
PULSE 1
IN
RCVR R1 OUT
LINE
00
1
TTL 0,5 VDC, 10K OHM
Load
PULSE OUT
BNC SHORT
AMP IN
AMP OUT
CPLR IN
CPLR THRU
SOURCE IN
RCVR R1 OUT
34
Chapter 3
Controlling the Test Set
Test Set Performance Verification
Figure 20
SOURCE IN to RCVR R1 OUT S-Parameter Plot
Chapter 3
35
Controlling the Test Set
Replaceable Parts
Replaceable Parts
The following table contains the list of replaceable parts for the test set.
If any of these parts or assemblies is replaced, you must perform all
performance tests to verify conformance to specifications.
NOTE
The following parts are unique to this special option. To order
replacement parts, please contact the Component Test / Product
Generation Unit (CT/PGU) Support Group at (707) 577-6802 with the
part number, module/model number, and option number. If ordering
parts through your local Agilent Technologies Sales and Service Office,
specify that they are ordered through the Component Test PGU
Support Group.
NOTE
Special options are built to order. Long lead times may be encountered
when ordering replacement parts.
Description
Agilent
Part Number
Qty
Jumper Cable
08720-20098
2
ATTN 10dB SMA
0955-0317
1
Adapter SMA male to SMA male
1250-1788
1
Cable Assy (5 inch SMA)
5062-6680
1
3.5 Bulkhead Connector
5062-6618
1
Kit - Front Handle
5063-9226
1
Kit - Rack Mount
5063-9232
1
Coupler, 50 GHz
5086-7658
1
Cable RF, CPLR Thru
Z5623-20294
1
Cable RF, SRC OUT
Z5623-20295
1
Cable RF, R1 IN ATTN
Z5623-20296
1
Cable RF, R1 IN
Z5623-20297
1
Pulse Bias Board Assy
Z5623-63293
1
Amplifier, 0.5 to 26.5 GHz (25 dB gain)
83017-60004
1
High Pass filter 2 to 18 GHz
Z5623-80027
1
BNC Short (attached to Pulse In)
1250-0774
1
36
Chapter 3
4
Service and Safety Information
37
Service and Safety Information
Service and Safety Information
Service and Safety Information
Introduction
Review this product and related documentation to familiarize yourself
with safety markings and instructions before you operate the
instrument. This product has been designed and tested in accordance
with international standards.
Service and Support Options
NOTE
There are many other repair and calibration options available from the
Agilent Technologies support organization. These options cover a range
of service agreements with varying response times. Contact Agilent for
additional information on available service agreements for this product.
Refer to “Contacting Agilent Sales and Service Offices” on page 42.
Connector Care and Cleaning
If alcohol is used to clean the connectors, the power cord to the
instrument must be removed. All cleaning should take place in a well
ventilated area. Allow adequate time for the fumes to disperse and
moist alcohol to evaporate prior to energizing the instrument.
WARNING
To prevent electrical shock, disconnect the Agilent
Technologies model product from mains before cleaning. Use a
dry cloth or one slightly dampened with water to clean the
external case parts. Do not attempt to clean internally.
Before Applying Power
Verify that the product is configured to match the available main power
source. If this product is to be powered by autotransformer, make sure
the common terminal is connected to the neutral (grounded) side of the
ac power supply.
Shipping Instructions
You must always call the Agilent Technologies Instrument Support
Center to initiate service before retuning your instrument to a service
office. See “Contacting Agilent Sales and Service Offices” on page 42.
Always transport or ship the instrument using the original packaging if
possible. If not, comparable packaging must be used. Attach a complete
description of the failure symptoms.
38
Chapter 4
Service and Safety Information
Warnings
Warnings
WARNING
The WARNING notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a
procedure, practice, or the like, which if not correctly
performed or adhered to, could result in personal injury. Do not
proceed beyond a WARNING notice until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and met.
Warnings applicable to this instrument are:
WARNING
No operator serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to
qualified personnel. To prevent electrical shock, do not remove
covers.
WARNING
If this instrument is not used as specified, the protection
provided by the equipment could be impaired. This instrument
must be used in a normal condition (in which all means for
protection are intact) only.
WARNING
For continued protection against fire hazard replace line fuse
only with same type and rating:
• United States—F 3A/250V, Part Number 2110-0780
• Europe—F 3.15A/250V, Part Number 2110-0655
The use of other fuses or material is prohibited.
WARNING
This is a Safety Class I product (provided with a protective
earthing ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains
plug shall be inserted only into a socket outlet provided with a
protective earth contact. Any interruption of the protective
conductor, inside or outside the instrument, is likely to make
the instrument dangerous. Intentional interruption is
prohibited.
WARNING
The power cord is connected to internal capacitors that may
retain dangerous electrical charges for 5 seconds after
disconnecting the plug from its power supply.
WARNING
These servicing instructions are for use by qualified personnel
only. To avoid electrical shock, do not perform any servicing
unless you are qualified to do so.
Chapter 4
39
Service and Safety Information
Cautions
WARNING
The opening of covers or removal of parts is likely to expose
dangerous voltages. Disconnect the instrument from all voltage
sources while it is being opened.
WARNING
This product is designed for use in Installation Category II and
Pollution Degree 2 per IEC 1010 and 664 respectively.
Cautions
CAUTION
The CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice, or the like, which if not correctly
performed or adhered to, could result in damage to the product or loss of
important data. Do not proceed beyond a CAUTION notice until the
indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
Cautions applicable to this instrument are:
CAUTION
Always use the three-prong ac power cord supplied with this
instrument. Failure to ensure adequate earth grounding (by not using
this cord) can cause instrument damage.
CAUTION
This instrument has autoranging line voltage input; be sure the supply
voltage is within the specified range.
CAUTION
Ventilation Requirements: When installing the instrument in a cabinet,
the convection into and out of the instrument must not be restricted.
The ambient temperature (outside the cabinet) must be less than the
maximum operating temperature of the instrument by 4 °C for every
100 watts dissipated in the cabinet. If the total power dissipated in the
cabinet is greater than 800 watts, forced convection must be used.
40
Chapter 4
Service and Safety Information
Instrument Markings
Instrument Markings
!
When you see this symbol on your instrument, you should refer to
the instrument’s instruction manual for important information.
This symbol indicates hazardous voltages.
The laser radiation symbol is marked on products that have a
laser output.
This symbol indicates that the instrument requires alternating
current (ac) input.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European
Community. If it is accompanied by a year, it indicates the year the
design was proven.
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the Canadian
Standards Association.
This symbol indicates the product meets the Australian
Standards.
This symbol indicates separate collection for electrical and
electronic equipment, mandated under EU law as of August 13,
2005. All electric and electronic equipment are required to be
separated from normal waste for disposal (Reference WEEE
Directive, 2002/96/EC).
This text indicates that the instrument is an Industrial Scientific
and Medical Group 1 Class A product (CISPR 11, Clause 4).
This symbol indicates that the power line switch is ON.
This symbol indicates that the power line switch is OFF or in
STANDBY position.
Safety Earth Ground. This is a Safety Class I product (provided
with a protective earthing terminal). An uninterruptible
safety earth ground must be provided from the main power
source to the product input wiring terminals, power cord, or
supplied power cord set. Whenever it is likely that the
protection has been impaired, the product must be made
inoperative and secured against any unintended operation.
Chapter 4
41
Service and Safety Information
Contacting Agilent Sales and Service Offices
Contacting Agilent Sales and Service Offices
Assistance with test and measurement needs, and information on finding a local Agilent
office are available on the Internet at:
http://www.agilent.com/find/assist
You can also purchase accessories or documentation items on the Internet at:
http://www.agilent.com/find
If you do not have access to the Internet, contact your field engineer.
NOTE
In any correspondence or telephone conversation, refer to the product
by its model number and full serial number. With this information, the
Agilent representative can determine whether your unit is still within
its warranty period.
42
Chapter 4
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