OM, PRRT900, 2009-12, CULTIVATORS/TILLERS, 96092002200

OM, PRRT900, 2009-12, CULTIVATORS/TILLERS, 96092002200
IMPORTANT MANUAL
Do Not Throw Away
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
MODEL:
PRRT900
WARNING:
Read this Manual and follow all Warnings
and Safety Instructions. Failure to do so
can result in serious injury.
REAR TINE TILLER
ALWAYS WEAR EYE PROTECTION DURING OPERATION
Visit our website: www.poulan-pro.com
433107
12.21.09 SR
Printed in the U.S.A.
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Walk-Behind Powered Rotary Tillers
TRAINING
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•
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. Be thoroughly
familiar with the controls and the proper use of the
equipment. Know how to stop the unit and disengage
the controls quickly.
Never allow children to operate the equipment. Never
allow adults to operate the equipment without proper
instruction.
Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly small children, and pets.
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PREPARATION
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Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is
to be used and remove all foreign objects.
Disengage all clutches and shift into neutral before
starting the engine (motor).
Do not operate the equipment without wearing adequate outer garments. Wear footwear that will improve
footing on slippery surfaces.
Handle fuel with care; it is highly flammable.
Use an approved fuel container.
Never add fuel to a running engine or hot engine.
Fill fuel tank outdoors with extreme care. Never fill fuel
tank indoors.
Replace gasoline cap securely and clean up spilled
fuel before restarting.
Use extension cords and receptacles as specified by
the manufacturer for all units with electric drive motors
or electric starting motors.
Never attempt to make any adjustments while the
engine (motor) is running (except where specifically
recommended by manufacturer).
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
•
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Keep machine, attachments, and accessories in safe
working condition.
Check shear pins, engine mounting bolts, and other
bolts at frequent intervals for proper tightness to be
sure the equipment is in safe working condition.
Never store the machine with fuel in the fuel tank inside
a building where ignition sources are present, such
as hot water and space heaters, clothes dryers, and
the like. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any
enclosure.
Always refer to the operator’s guide instructions for
important details if the tiller is to be stored for an extended period.
- IMPORTANT CAUTIONS, IMPORTANTS, AND NOTES ARE A MEANS OF
ATTRACTING ATTENTION TO IMPORTANT OR CRITICAL
INFORMATION IN THIS MANUAL.
IMPORTANT: USED TO ALERT YOU THAT THERE IS A
POSSIBILITY OF DAMAGING THIS EQUIPMENT.
OPERATION
•
•
Keep children and pets away.
Do not overload the machine capacity by attempting
to till too deep at too fast a rate.
Never operate the machine at high speeds on slippery
surfaces. Look behind and use care when backing.
Never allow bystanders near the unit.
Use only attachments and accessories approved by
the manufacturer of the tiller.
Never operate the tiller without good visibility or light.
Be careful when tilling in hard ground. The tines may
catch in the ground and propel the tiller forward. If this
occurs, let go of the handlebars and do not restrain the
machine.
Do not put hands or feet near or under rotating parts.
Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel drives, walks, or roads. Stay alert for hidden
hazards or traffic. Do not carry passengers.
After striking a foreign object, stop the engine (motor),
remove the wire from the spark plug, thoroughly inspect
the tiller for any damage, and repair the damage before
restarting and operating the tiller.
Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling.
If the unit should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the
engine (motor) and check immediately for the cause.
Vibration is generally a warning of trouble.
Stop the engine (motor) when leaving the operating
position.
Take all possible precautions when leaving the machine
unattended. Disengage the tines, shift into neutral, and
stop the engine.
Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, shut off the
engine and make certain all moving parts have stopped.
Disconnect the spark plug wire, and keep the wire away
from the plug to prevent accidental starting. Disconnect
the cord on electric motors.
Do not run the engine indoors; exhaust fumes are
dangerous.
Never operate the tiller without proper guards, plates,
or other safety protective devices in place.
NOTE: Gives essential information that will aid you to better understand, incorporate, or execute a particular set of
instructions.
Look for this symbol to point out important safety precautions. It means
CAUTION!!! BECOME ALERT!!! YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED.
CAUTION: Always disconnect spark
plug wire and place wire where it cannot contact spark plug in order to prevent accidental starting when setting
up, transporting, adjusting or making
repairs.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
2
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline Capacity:
Unleaded Regular
3 Quarts
(2,8L)
OIL (API-SG-SL):
(Capacity 20 oz/0,6L)
Spark Plug:
SAE 30 Above 32°F/0°C
SAE 5w30 Below 32°F/0°C
Champion
RC12YC
(Gap: .030"/0.76mm)
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
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Read and observe the safety rules.
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for
and using your tiller.
Follow instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage”
sections of this Owner’s Manual.
IMPORTANT: THIS UNIT IS EQUIPPED WITH AN INTERNAL
COMBUSTION ENGINE AND SHOULD NOT BE USED ON
OR NEAR ANY UNIMPROVED FOREST-COVERED, BRUSHCOVERED OR GRASS COVERED LAND UNLESS THE
ENGINE'S EXHAUST SYSTEM IS EQUIPPED WITH A SPARK
ARRESTER MEETING APPLICABLE LOCAL LAWS (IF ANY).
IF A SPARK ARRESTER IS USED, IT SHOULD BE MAINTAINED
IN EFFECTIVE WORKING ORDER BY THE OPERATOR.
IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, A SPARK ARRESTER IS
REQUIRED BY LAW (SECTION 4442 OF THE CALIFORNIA
PUBLIC RESOURCES CODE). OTHER STATES MAY HAVE
SIMILAR LAWS. FEDERAL LAWS APPLY ON FEDERAL LANDS.
SEE YOUR AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/DEPARTMENT
FOR SPARK ARRESTER.
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tiller. It
has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and performance.
Should you experience any problems you cannot easily
remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service
center. We have competent, well-trained technicians and
the proper tools to service or repair this unit.
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will
enable you to assemble and maintain your tiller properly.
Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY RULES ..........................................................2
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES...............................3
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS .....................................3
ASSEMBLY ...............................................................4-6
OPERATION ...........................................................7-10
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ....................................11
MAINTENANCE ...................................................11-13
SERVICE & ADJUSTMENTS ...............................14-17
STORAGE ..................................................................18
TROUBLESHOOTING ...............................................19
WARRANTY...............................................................20
3
ASSEMBLY
Your new tiller has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes.
To ensure safe and proper operation of your tiller all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use
the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
FRONT
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard
wrench sizes are listed.
(1) Utility knife
(1) Tire pressure gauge
(1) Pair of pliers
(1) 9/16" wrench
LEFT
RIGHT
OPERATOR’S POSITION (See Fig. 1)
When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it
means when you are in the operating position (standing
behind tiller handles).
OPERATOR’S
POSITION
Fig. 1
CONTENTS OF HARDWARE PACK
(1) Carriage Bolt
3/8-16 UNC x 1 Grade 5
(2) Handle Locks
(1) Flat Washer 13/32 x 1 x 11 Gauge
(1) Center Locknut
3/8-16 UNC
(1) Handle Lock Lever
(1) Pivot Bolt
3/8-16 UNC Grade 5
Extra Shear Pins & Clips
4
(1) Hairpin Clip
ASSEMBLY
UNPACKING CARTON (See Fig. 2)
•
CAUTION: Be careful of exposed
staples when handling or disposing
of cartoning material.
Grasp handle assembly. Hold in “up” position. Be sure
handle lock remains in gearcase notch. Slide handle
assembly into position.
HANDLE ASSEMBLY
"UP" POSITION
IMPORTANT: WHEN UNPACKING AND ASSEMBLING TILLER,
BE CAREFUL NOT TO STRETCH OR KINK CABLES.
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TIGHTEN HANDLE LOCK
LEVER TO HOLD
While holding handle assembly, cut cable ties securing
handle assembly to top frame and depth stake. Let
handle assembly rest on tiller.
Remove top frame of carton.
Slowly ease handle assembly up and place on top of
carton.
Cut down right hand front and right hand rear corners
of carton, lay side carton wall down.
Remove packing material from handle assembly.
LOOSEN HANDLE
LOCK LEVER TO MOVE
Fig. 4
HANDLE
ASSEMBLY
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c ar
•
_3
ton
SHIFT ROD
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Fig. 2
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INSTALL HANDLE (See Figs. 3, 4, and 5)
•
Insert one handle lock (with teeth facing outward) in
gearcase notch. (Apply grease on smooth side of
handle lock to aid in keeping lock in place until handle
assembly is lowered into position.)
•
Rotate handle assembly down. Insert rear carriage bolt
first, with bolt head on L.H. side of tiller and loosely
assemble locknut (See Fig. 5).
Insert pivot bolt in front part of plate and tighten.
Cut down remaining corners of carton and lay panels
flat.
Lower the handle assembly. Tighten nut on carriage
bolt so handle moves with some resistance. This will
allow for easier adjustment.
Place flat washer on threaded end of handle lock lever.
Insert handle lock lever through handle base and
gearcase. Screw in handle lock lever just enough to
hold lever in place.
Insert second handle lock (with teeth inward) in the
slot of the handle base (just inside of washer).
With handle assembly in lowest position, securely
tighten handle lock lever by rotating clockwise. Leaving handle assembly in lowest position will make it
easier to remove tiller from carton.
VIEWED FROM R.H. SIDE OF TILLER
HANDLE
LOCK
HANDLE ASSEMBLY
FLAT
WASHER
GEARCASE
GEARCASE
NOTCH
SLOT
HANDLE LOCK
LEVER
HANDLE
LOCK
CARRIAGE
BOLT
hand
les_
34
PIVOT BOLT
HANDLE
BASE
handles_10
Fig. 3
LOCKNUT
Fig. 5
5
ASSEMBLY
CONNECT SHIFT ROD (See Fig. 7)
ATTACH CLUTCH CABLE (See Fig. 6)
•
•
•
Hook end of clutch cable through hole in control bar
bracket.
CONTROL BAR
BRACKET
Insert end of shift rod into hole of shift lever indicator.
Insert hairpin clip through hole of shift rod to secure.
SHIFT
ROD
SHIFT
LEVER
INDICATOR
HAIRPIN
CLIP
CONTROL
BAR
CLUTCH
CABLE
CONTROL BAR
BRACKET
Fig. 7
REMOVE TILLER FROM CRATE
•
END OF CLUTCH
CABLE
•
Fig. 6
•
Make sure shift lever indicator is in “N” position (See
Fig. 7)
Tilt tiller forward by lifting handle. Separate cardboard
cover from leveling shield.
Rotate tiller handle to the right and pull tiller out of
carton.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
The tires on your unit were overinflated at the factory for
shipping purposes. Correct and equal tire pressure is
important for best tilling performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to 20 PSI (1.4 kg/cm2).
HANDLE HEIGHT
•
6
Handle height may be adjusted to better suit operator.
(See “TO ADJUST HANDLE HEIGHT” in the Service
and Adjustments section of this manual).
OPERATION
KNOW YOUR TILLER
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TILLER.
Compare the illustrations with your tiller to familiarize yourself with the location of various controls and adjustments. Save
this manual for future reference.
These symbols may appear on your Tiller or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their
meaning.
THROTTLE
CONTROL
SHIFT LEVER
CHOKE CONTROL
SHIFT LEVER INDICATOR
DRIVE
CONTROL
BAR
DEPTH STAKE
LEVELING
SHIELD
RECOIL
STARTER
HANDLE
Fig. 8
MEETS ANSI SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
Our tillers conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.
SHIFT LEVER - Used to shift transmission gears.
SHIFT LEVER INDICATOR - Shows which gear the transmission is in.
THROTTLE CONTROL - Controls engine speed.
CHOKE CONTROL - Used when starting a cold engine.
DEPTH STAKE - Controls depth at which tiller will dig.
DRIVE CONTROL BAR - Used to engage tines.
LEVELING SHIELD - Levels tilled soil.
RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Used to start the engine.
7
OPERATION
00155
The operation of any tiller can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can
result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields before starting
your tiller and while tilling. We recommend a wide vision safety mask for over spectacles
or standard safety glasses.
HOW TO USE YOUR TILLER
Know how to operate all controls before adding fuel and
oil or attempting to start engine.
SHALLOWEST
TILLING
(CULTIVATING)
STOPPING (See Fig. 9)
TINES AND DRIVE
• Release drive control bar to stop movement.
• Move shift lever to “N” (neutral) position.
ENGINE
• Move throttle control to “STOP” position.
• Never use choke to stop engine.
TRANSPORT
POSITION
DEEPEST
TILLING
DEPTH
STAKE
sta
th_
dep
SHIFT LEVER
2
ke_
Fig. 10
TILLING (See Fig. 11)
•
DRIVE CONTROL BAR
“ENGAGED” POSITION
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DRIVE CONTROL BAR
“DISENGAGED” POSITION
•
Fig. 9
TINE OPERATION - WITH WHEEL DRIVE
•
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Always release drive control bar before moving shift
lever into another position.
Tine movement is achieved by moving shift lever to
( ) till position and engaging drive control bar.
Release depth stake pin. Pull the depth stake up for
increased tilling depth. Place depth stake pin in hole
of depth stake to lock in position.
Place shift lever indicator in tilling position.
Hold the drive control bar against the handle to start
tilling movement. Tines and wheels will both turn.
Move throttle control to “FAST” position for deep tilling.
To cultivate, throttle control can be set at any desired
speed, depending on how fast or slow you wish to
cultivate.
IMPORTANT: ALWAYS RELEASE DRIVE CONTROL
BAR BEFORE MOVING SHIFT LEVER INTO ANOTHER
POSITION.
DEPTH STAKE PIN
“RELEASED” POSITION
FORWARD - WHEELS ONLY/TINES
STOPPED
•
Release drive control bar and move shift lever indicator
to “F” (forward) position. Engage drive control bar and
tiller will move forward.
REVERSE - WHEELS ONLY/TINES STOPPED
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DO NOT STAND DIRECTLY BEHIND TILLER.
Release the drive control bar.
Move throttle control to “SLOW” position.
Move shift lever indicator to “R” (reverse) position.
Hold drive control bar against the handle to start tiller
movement.
NUT
“B”
SIDE SHIELD
NUT
“A”
de
s
h_
pt
6
_1
ke
ta
Fig. 11
HARD TO SHIFT GEARS
•
“LOCKED”
POSITION
TURNING
Briefly engage drive control bar and release or rock tiller
forward and backward until are able to shift gears.
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•
DEPTH STAKE (See Fig. 10)
The depth stake can be raised or lowered to allow you more
versatile tilling and cultivating, or to more easily transport
your tiller.
•
•
8
Release the drive control bar.
Move throttle control to “SLOW” position.
Place shift lever indicator in “F” (forward) position. Tines
will not turn.
Lift handle to raise tines out of ground.
Swing the handle in the opposite direction you wish
to turn, being careful to keep feet and legs away from
tines.
OPERATION
•
When you have completed your turn-around, release
the drive control bar and lower handle. Place shift
lever in till position and move throttle control to desired
speed. To begin tilling, hold drive control bar against
the handle.
ADD GASOLINE
•
TO TRANSPORT
CAUTION: Before lifting or transporting,
allow tiller engine and muffler to cool.
Disconnect spark plug wire. Drain
gasoline from fuel tank.
CAUTION: Fill to within 1/2 inch of top
of fuel tank to prevent spills and to allow
for fuel expansion. If gasoline is accidentally spilled, move machine away
from area of spill. Avoid creating any
source of ignition until gasoline vapors
have disappeared.
Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not
store, spill or use gasoline near an
open flame.
AROUND THE YARD
• Release the depth stake pin. Move the depth stake
down to the top hole for transporting the tiller. Place
depth stake pin in hole of depth stake to lock in position. This prevents tines from scuffing the ground.
• Place shift lever indicator in “F” (forward) position for
transporting.
• Hold the drive control bar against the handle to start
tiller movement. Tines will not turn.
• Move throttle control to desired speed.
IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES
BELOW32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE
GASOLINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER
STARTING.
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas
can damage the fuel system of an engine while
in storage. To avoid engine problems, the fuel
system should be emptied before storage of
30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start
the engine and let it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next
season. See Storage Instructions for additional
information. Never use engine or carburetor
cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
AROUND TOWN
• Disconnect spark plug wire.
• Drain fuel tank.
• Transport in upright position to prevent oil leakage.
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE
IMPORTANT: BE VERY CAREFUL NOT TO ALLOW DIRT
TO ENTER THE ENGINE WHEN CHECKING OR ADDING
OIL OR FUEL. USE CLEAN OIL AND FUEL AND STORE IN
APPROVED, CLEAN, COVERED CONTAINERS. USE CLEAN
FILL FUNNELS.
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL (See Fig.12)
•
•
•
•
•
The engine in your unit has been shipped, from the
factory, already filled with SAE 30 summer weight oil.
With engine level, clean area around oil filler plug and
remove plug.
Engine oil should be to point of overflowing when engine
is level. For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS” on page 3 of this manual. All oil
must meet A.P.I. Service Classification SG-SL.
For cold weather operation you should change oil for
easier starting (See oil viscosity chart in the Maintenance section of this manual).
To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in
this manual.
TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 13)
CAUTION: Keep drive control bar in
“DISENGAGED” position when starting engine.
When starting engine for the first time or if engine has run
out of fuel, it will take extra pulls of the recoil starter to
move fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Make sure spark plug wire is properly connected.
• Move shift lever indicator to “N” (neutral) position.
• Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
• Turn fuel shut-off valve 1/4 turn to open position.
• Move choke control to choke position.
• Grasp recoil starter handle with one hand and grasp
tiller handle with other hand. Pull rope out slowly until
engine reaches start of compression cycle (rope will
pull slightly harder at this point).
• Pull recoil starter handle quickly. Do not let starter
handle snap back against starter.
• If engine fires but does not start, move choke control
to half choke position. Pull recoil starter handle until
engine starts.
OIL
LEVEL
eng
t_4
_ar
ine
Fig. 12
OIL DRAIN
PLUG
Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not overfill.
Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline with a
minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce
valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel
in quantities that can be used within 30 days to assure
fuel freshness.
OIL
FILLER
PLUG
9
OPERATION
•
When engine starts, slowly move choke control to
"RUN" position as engine warms up.
NOTE: A warm engine requires less choking to start.
• Move throttle control to desired running position.
• Allow engine to warm up for a few minutes before
engaging tines.
NOTE: If at a high altitude (3000 feet) or in cold temperatures
(below 32°F), the carburetor fuel mixture may need to be
adjusted for best engine performance. See "TO ADJUST
CARBURETOR" in the Service and Adjustments section
of this manual.
NOTE: If engine does not start, see troubleshooting
points.
•
•
Soil conditions are important for proper tilling. Tines will
not readily penetrate dry, hard soil which may contribute
to excessive bounce and difficult handling of your tiller.
Hard soil should be moistened before tilling; however,
extremely wet soil will “ball-up” or clump during tilling.
Wait until the soil is less wet in order to achieve the
best results. When tilling in the fall, remove vines and
long grass to prevent them from wrapping around the
tine shaft and slowing your tilling operation.
Do not lean on handle. This takes weight off the wheels
and reduces traction. To get through a really tough
section of sod or hard ground, apply upward pressure
on handle or lower the depth stake.
CULTIVATING
Cultivating is destroying the weeds between rows to prevent them from robbing nourishment and moisture from the
plants. At the same time, breaking up the upper layer of
soil crust will help retain moisture in the soil. Best digging
depth is 1" to 3" (2.5-7.5 cm). Lower the outer side shields
to protect small plants from being buried.
• Cultivate up and down the rows at a speed which will
allow tines to uproot weeds and leave the ground in
rough condition, promoting no further growth of weeds
and grass (See Fig. 15).
SPARK PLUG
THROTTLE
CONTROL
CHOKE
CONTROL RECOIL
STARTER
Fig. 13
TILLING HINTS
CAUTION: Until you are accustomed to
handling your tiller, start actual field use
with throttle in slow position (mid-way
between “FAST” and “IDLE”).
•
•
Tilling is digging into, turning over, and breaking up
packed soil before planting. Loose, unpacked soil helps
root growth. Best tilling depth is 4" to 6" (10-15 cm).
A tiller will also clear the soil of unwanted vegetation.
The decomposition of this vegetable matter enriches
the soil. Depending on the climate (rainfall and wind),
it may be advisable to till the soil at the end of the
growing season to further condition the soil.
You will find tilling much easier if you leave a row
untilled between passes. Then go back between tilled
rows. (See Fig. 14) There are two reasons for doing
this. First, wide turns are much easier to negotiate than
about-faces. Second, the tiller won’t be pulling itself,
and you, toward the row next to it.
3
4
5
2
6
Fig. 15
TINE SHEAR PINS
The tine assemblies on your tiller are secured to the tine
shaft with shear pins (See “TINE REPLACEMENT” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this manual).
If the tiller is unusually overloaded or jammed, the shear
pins are designed to break before internal damage occurs
to the transmission.
• If shear pin(s) break, replace only with those shown in
the Repair Parts section of this manual.
1
7
Fig. 14
10
MAINTENANCE
YS
EA
SO
OU
N
RS
RS
ER
SERVICE DATES
EV
Y5
ER
EV
EV
ER
Y2
0H
5H
OU
UR
HO
CH
Y5
EA
ER
RE
EV
FO
BE
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
S
US
E
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil
1,2
Oil Pivot Points
Inspect Spark Arrester / Muffler
Inspect Air Screen
Clean or Replace Air Cleaner Cartridge
2
Clean Engine Cylinder Fins
Replace Spark Plug
RH Gear Case Grease Fitting (1oz.)
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
LUBRICATION CHART
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
The warranty on this tiller does not cover items that have
been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive
full value from the warranty, the operator must maintain tiller
as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to
properly maintain your tiller.
All adjustments in the Service and Adjustments section
of this manual should be checked at least once each
season.
• Once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean
or replace air filter, and check tines and belts for wear.
A new spark plug and clean air filter assure proper
air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better and
last longer.
d ENGINE
e RH GEAR CASE
GREASE FITTIG
c DEPTH
STAKE PIN
c LEVELING
SHIELD
HINGES
BEFORE EACH USE
•
•
•
c IDLER
BRACKET
Check engine oil level.
Check tine operation.
Check for loose fasteners.
c WHEEL
HUB
c SAE 30 OR 10W-30 MOTOR OIL
d REFER TO MAINTENANCE “ENGINE” SECTION
e EP #1 GREASE
LUBRICATION
Keep unit well lubricated (See “LUBRICATION CHART”).
11
MAINTENANCE
Disconnect spark plug wire before performing any maintenance (except carburetor adjustment) to
prevent accidental starting of engine.
Prevent fires! Keep the engine free of grass, leaves, spilled oil, or fuel. Remove fuel from tank
before tipping unit for maintenance. Clean muffler area of all grass, dirt, and debris.
Do not touch hot muffler or cylinder fins as contact may cause burns.
ENGINE
LUBRICATION
Use only high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification SG-SL. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected temperature.
OIL
DRAIN
PLUG
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
SAE 30
10W-30 / 5W-30
-20
F
C
-30
0
-20
30
-10
40
4
60
10
20
OIL LEVEL
OIL FILLER
PLUG
100
80
30
40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
Fig. 16
oil_visc_chart5_e(drt)
Fig. 17
AIR CLEANER (See Fig. 18)
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.)
improve starting in cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption when used above
40°F (4°C). Check your engine oil level more frequently to
avoid possible engine damage from running low on oil.
Change the oil after every 25 hours of operation or at
least once a year if the tiller is not used for 25 hours in
one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine
and after each five (5) hours of continuous use. Add SAE
30 motor oil or equivalent. Tighten oil filler plug securely
each time you check the oil level.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Figs. 16 and 17)
Determine temperature range expected before oil change.
All oil must meet API service classification SG-SL.
• Be sure tiller is on level surface.
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
• Use a funnel to prevent oil spill on tiller, and catch oil
in a suitable container.
• Remove drain plug. For easier removal of plug use
7/16 12 Pt. socket with extension.)
• Tip tiller forward to drain oil.
• After oil has drained completely, replace oil drain plug
and tighten securely.
• Remove oil filler plug. Be careful not to allow dirt to
enter the engine.
• Refill engine with oil. See “CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL”
in the Operation section of this manual.
Service air cleaner cartridge every twenty-five hours, more
often if engine is used in very dusty conditions.
• Loosen air cleaner screws, one on each side of
cover.
• Remove air cleaner cover.
• Carefully remove air cleaner cartridge. Be careful. Do
not allow dirt or debris to fall into carburetor.
• Clean by tapping gently on a flat surface.
• If very dirty or damaged, replace cartridge.
• Clean and replace cover. Tighten screws securely.
IMPORTANT: PETROLEUM SOLVENTS, SUCH AS KEROSENE,
ARE NOT TO BE USED TO CLEAN THE CARTRIDGE. THEY
MAY CAUSE DETERIORATION OF THE CARTRIDGE. DO
NOT OIL CARTRIDGE. DO NOT USE PRESSURIZED AIR TO
CLEAN OR DRY CARTRIDGE.
COVER
AIR CLEANER
CARTRIDGE
AIR CLEANER
SCREW
Fig. 18
12
MAINTENANCE
COOLING SYSTEM (See Fig. 19)
Your engine is air cooled. For proper engine performance
and long life keep your engine clean.
• Clean air screen frequently using a stiff-bristled
brush.
• Keep cylinder fins, levers, and linkage free of dirt and
chaff.
CYLINDER FINS
BLOWER
HOUSING
AIR SCREEN
MUFFLER
Fig. 19
MUFFLER
Do not operate tiller without muffler. Do not tamper with
exhaust system. Damaged mufflers or spark arresters could
create a fire hazard. Inspect periodically and replace if
necessary. If your engine is equipped with a spark arrester
screen assembly, remove every 50 hours for cleaning and
inspection. Replace if damaged.
SPARK PLUG
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each tilling season or after every 50 hours of use, whichever comes first.
Spark plug type and gap setting is shown in “PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS” on page 3 of this manual.
TRANSMISSION
Once a season, lubricate the right hand side gear case
grease fitting with 1 oz. of EP #1 Grease.
CLEANING
Do not clean your tiller when the engine and transmission
are hot. We do not recommend using pressurized water
(garden hose, etc.) to clean your unit unless the gasket
area around the transmission and the engine muffler, air
filter and carburetor are covered to keep water out. Water
in engine will shorten the useful life of your tiller.
• Clean engine, wheels, finish, etc. of all foreign matter.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline,
oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
13
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
CAUTION: Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come
into contact with plug.
TILLER
TO ADJUST HANDLE HEIGHT (See Fig. 20)
Select handle height best suited for your tilling conditions.
Handle height will be different when tiller digs into soil.
• First loosen handle lock lever.
• Handle can be positioned at different settings between
“HIGH” and “LOW” positions.
• Retighten handle lock lever securely after adjusting.
CLEVIS PIN
HANDLE
(HIGH POSITION)
HAIRPIN CLIP
HANDLE LOCK
LEVER
Fig. 21
TO REMOVE BELT GUARD (See Fig. 22)
HANDLE
(LOW POSITION)
NOTE: For ease of removal, remove hairpin clip and
clevis pin from left wheel. Pull wheel out from tiller about
1 inch.
• Remove two (2) screws from side of belt guard.
• Remove hex nut and washer from bottom of belt guard
(located behind wheel).
• Pull belt guard out and away from unit.
• Replace belt guard by reversing above procedure.
Fig. 20
TIRE CARE
BELT GUARD
CAUTION: When mounting tires, unless beads are seated, overinflation
can cause an explosion.
•
•
Maintain 20 pounds of tire pressure. If tire pressures
are not equal, tiller will pull to one side.
Keep tires free of gasoline or oil which can damage
rubber.
TO REMOVE WHEEL (See Fig. 21)
•
•
•
•
SCREW
AND WASHER
SCREW
AND
WASHER
Place blocks under transmission to keep tiller from
tipping.
Remove hairpin clip and clevis pin from wheel.
Remove wheel and tire.
Repair tire and reassemble.
HAIRPIN CLIP AND
CLEVIS PIN
Fig. 22
14
HEX NUT
AND WASHER
(LOCATED
BEHIND
TIRE)
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REPLACE GROUND DRIVE BELT
(See Fig. 23)
•
•
•
•
•
•
GROUND DRIVE BELT ADJUSTMENT
(See Fig. 23)
Remove belt guard (See “TO REMOVE BELT GUARD”
in this section of this manual).
Remove old belt by slipping off engine pulley first then
remove from transmission pulley.
Place new belt in groove of transmission pulley and
into engine pulley. BELT MUST BE IN GROOVE ON
TOP OF IDLER PULLEY. NOTE POSITION OF BELT
TO GUIDES.
Check belt adjustment as described below.
Replace belt guard.
Reposition wheel and replace clevis pin and hairpin
clip.
For proper belt tension, the extension spring should
have about 5/8 inch stretch when drive control bar is in
“ENGAGED” position. This tension can be attained as
follows:
• Loosen cable clip screw securing the drive control
cable.
• Slide cable forward for less tension and rearward for
more tension until about 5/8 inch stretch is obtained
while the drive control bar is engaged.
• Tighten cable clip screw securely.
CABLE CLIP
SCREW
ENGINE
PULLEY
DRIVE
CONTROL
CABLE
LESS
TENSION
5/8"
IDLER
PULLEY
TRANSMISSION PULLEY
Fig. 23
15
EXTENSION
SPRING
MORE
TENSION
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TINE REPLACEMENT (See Figs. 24, 25 and
26)
•
CAUTION: Tines are sharp. Wear
gloves or other protection when handling tines.
•
A badly worn tine causes your tiller to work harder and dig
more shallow. Most important, worn tines cannot chop and
shred organic matter as effectively nor bury it as deeply as
good tines. A tine this worn needs to be replaced.
NEW TINE
To maintain the superb tilling performance of this machine the tines should be checked for sharpness, wear,
and bending, particularly the tines which are next to
the transmission. If the gap between the tines exceeds
3-1/2 inches they should be replaced or straightened
as necessary.
New tines should be assembled as shown in Fig.
26. Sharpened tine edges will rotate rearward from
above.
TRANSMISSION
tine_3
WORN TINE
TINE
Fig.24
TINE
3-1/2" MAX
(9 CM)
Fig. 25
HAIRPIN CLIP
SHARP EDGE
COUNTER
TINE
ROTATION
HAIRPIN CLIP
SHARP EDGE
02
05
0
SHARP EDGES
SHEAR PIN
SHARP
EDGES
SHARP
EDGE
SHEAR PIN
tine_13
Fig. 26
16
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
ENGINE
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
The carburetor has been preset at the factory and adjustment
should not be necessary. However, engine performance
can be affected by differences in fuel, temperature, altitude
or load. If the carburetor does need adjustment, contact
your nearest authorized service center/department
IMPORTANT: NEVER TAMPER WITH THE ENGINE
GOVERNOR, WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER ENGINE
SPEED. OVERSPEEDING THE ENGINE ABOVE THE FACTORY
HIGH SPEED SETTING CAN BE DANGEROUS. IF YOU THINK
THE ENGINE-GOVERNED HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING,
CONTACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/
DEPARTMENT, WHICH HAS THE PROPER EQUIPMENT AND
EXPERIENCE TO MAKE ANY NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS.
17
STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tiller for storage at the end of the
season or if the unit will not be used for 30 days or more.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean oil. (See
“ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
WARNING: Never store the tiller with
gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
CYLINDER(S)
•
•
•
TILLER
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean entire tiller (See “CLEANING” in the Maintenance
section of this manual).
Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this
manual.
Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely
fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage
and wear. Replace if necessary.
Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand
lightly before painting.
Remove spark plug.
Pour 1 ounce (29 ml) of oil through spark plug hole into
cylinder.
Pull starter handle slowly several times to distribute
oil.
Replace with new spark plug.
OTHER
•
•
•
•
ENGINE
Do not store gasoline from one season to another.
Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust.
Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.
If possible, store your unit indoors and cover it to give
protection from dust and dirt.
Cover your unit with a suitable protective cover that
does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic
cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and
will cause your unit to rust.
IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TILLER WHILE ENGINE AND
EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM.
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS
FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH
AS THE CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK
DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT
ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING
ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH
LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING
STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM
OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE.
•
Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run
until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the
fuel tank or permanent.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stablizer is an acceptable alternative in
minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during
storage. Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage
container. Always follow the mix ratio found on stablizer
container. Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding
stablizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor.
Do not empty the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel
stabilizer.
18
TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Out of fuel.
Engine not “CHOKED” properly.
Engine flooded.
Dirty air cleaner.
Water in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Clogged fuel tank.
Loose spark plug wire.
Bad spark plug or improper gap.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
Oil soaked air filter.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Fill fuel tank.
See “TO START ENGINE” in Operation section.
Wait several minutes before attempting to start.
Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh,
clean gasoline.
Remove fuel tank and clean.
Make sure spark plug wire is seated properly on plug.
Replace spark plug or adjust gap.
Make necessary adjustments.
Replace air filter.
Hard to start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Throttle control not set properly.
Dirty air cleaner.
Bad spark plug or improper gap.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Loose spark plug wire.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge.
Replace spark plug or adjust gap.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline.
Make sure spark plug wire is seated properly on plug.
Make necessary adjustments.
Loss of power
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine is overloaded.
Dirty air cleaner.
Low oil level/dirty oil.
Faulty spark plug.
Oil in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set depth stake for shallower tilling.
Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge.
Check oil level/change oil.
Clean and regap or change spark plug.
Empty and clean fuel tank and refill tank, and clean
carburetor.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh,
clean gasoline.
Remove fuel tank and clean.
Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
Clean engine air screen.
Clean/replace muffler.
Make necessary adjustments.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Will not start
6. Stale or dirty fuel.
7. Water in fuel.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
6.
7.
Clogged fuel tank.
Spark plug wire loose.
Dirty engine air screen.
Dirty/clogged muffler.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
Poor compression.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Engine overheats
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Low oil level/dirty oil.
Dirty engine air screen.
Dirty engine.
Partially plugged muffler.
Improper carburetor adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Excessive bounce/
difficult handling
1. Ground too dry and hard.
1. Moisten ground or wait for more favorable soil
conditions.
Soil balls up or clumps
1. Ground too wet.
1. Wait for more favorable soil conditions.
Engine runs but tiller
won’t move
1. Drive control bar is not engaged.
2. V-belt not correctly adjusted.
3. V-belt is off pulley(s).
1. Engage drive control.
2. Inspect/adjust V-belt.
3. Inspect V-belt.
Engine runs but labors
when tilling
1. Tilling too deep.
2. Throttle control not properly adjusted.
3. Carburetor out of adjustment.
1. Set depth stake for shallower tilling.
2. Check throttle control setting.
3. Make necessary adjustments.
Tines will not rotate
1. Shear pin(s) broken.
1. Replace shear pin(s).
19
Check oil level/change oil.
Clean engine air screen.
Clean cylinder fins, air screen, and muffler area.
Remove and clean muffler.
Adjust carburetor to richer position.
LIMITED WARRANTY
The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as manufactured is free from defects in materials and workmanship. For a period of two (2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer
purchaser, we will repair or replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any
part which we find to be defective due to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is subject to the following limitations and exclusions.
1. This warranty does not apply to the engine or components parts thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items.
2. Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment are the responsibility of
the purchaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid
by the purchaser unless such return is requested by the manufacturer.
3. The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is limited to 90 days from the date
of original purchase.
4. This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished. This Warranty does not apply to any product which has
been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal
wear of the product.
5. Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, tines, tine adapters, normal wear, normal adjustments, standard hardware and normal maintenance.
6. In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an authorized service dealer.
Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact:
In Canada contact:
HOP
Customer Service Dept.
1030 Stevens Creek Road
Augusta, GA 30907 USA
HOP
7075 Ordan Drive
Mississauga, Ontario
L5T 1K6
giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the name and address of the
authorized dealer from whom it was purchased.
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas do not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied
Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specific
legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from locale to locale.
This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defined in the Magnuson-Moss Act of 1975.
20
SERVICE NOTES
21
PARTS AND SERVICE
This product has been expertly engineered and carefully manufactured to rigid quality standards. As with all
mechanical products, some adjustments or part replacement may be necessary during the life of your unit.
For Parts and service, contact our authorized distributor: call 1-800-849-1297
•
For replacement parts, have available the following information:
a. Model Number/Manufacturer's I.D. Number
b. Description of part.
For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886
For a Parts Manual, go to our website: www.poulan-pro.com/support.asp
NOTE:
Poulan Pro provides parts and service through its authorized distributors and dealers; therefore,
all requests for parts and service should be directed to your local dealer(s). The philosophy
of Electrolux Home Products is to continually improve all of its products. If the operating
characteristics or the appearance of your product differs from those described in this Manual,
please contact your local dealer for updated information and assistance.
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