IMPORTANT MANUAL Do Not Throw Away OPERATOR'S MANUAL MODEL: PRRT900 WARNING: Read this Manual and follow all Warnings and Safety Instructions. Failure to do so can result in serious injury. REAR TINE TILLER ALWAYS WEAR EYE PROTECTION DURING OPERATION Visit our website: www.poulan-pro.com 433107 12.21.09 SR Printed in the U.S.A. SAFETY RULES Safe Operation Practices for Walk-Behind Powered Rotary Tillers TRAINING • • • • • Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. Be thoroughly familiar with the controls and the proper use of the equipment. Know how to stop the unit and disengage the controls quickly. Never allow children to operate the equipment. Never allow adults to operate the equipment without proper instruction. Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly small children, and pets. • • • • • PREPARATION • • • • • • • • • • Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to be used and remove all foreign objects. Disengage all clutches and shift into neutral before starting the engine (motor). Do not operate the equipment without wearing adequate outer garments. Wear footwear that will improve footing on slippery surfaces. Handle fuel with care; it is highly flammable. Use an approved fuel container. Never add fuel to a running engine or hot engine. Fill fuel tank outdoors with extreme care. Never fill fuel tank indoors. Replace gasoline cap securely and clean up spilled fuel before restarting. Use extension cords and receptacles as specified by the manufacturer for all units with electric drive motors or electric starting motors. Never attempt to make any adjustments while the engine (motor) is running (except where specifically recommended by manufacturer). MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE • • • • • • • • • • • • Keep machine, attachments, and accessories in safe working condition. Check shear pins, engine mounting bolts, and other bolts at frequent intervals for proper tightness to be sure the equipment is in safe working condition. Never store the machine with fuel in the fuel tank inside a building where ignition sources are present, such as hot water and space heaters, clothes dryers, and the like. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any enclosure. Always refer to the operator’s guide instructions for important details if the tiller is to be stored for an extended period. - IMPORTANT CAUTIONS, IMPORTANTS, AND NOTES ARE A MEANS OF ATTRACTING ATTENTION TO IMPORTANT OR CRITICAL INFORMATION IN THIS MANUAL. IMPORTANT: USED TO ALERT YOU THAT THERE IS A POSSIBILITY OF DAMAGING THIS EQUIPMENT. OPERATION • • Keep children and pets away. Do not overload the machine capacity by attempting to till too deep at too fast a rate. Never operate the machine at high speeds on slippery surfaces. Look behind and use care when backing. Never allow bystanders near the unit. Use only attachments and accessories approved by the manufacturer of the tiller. Never operate the tiller without good visibility or light. Be careful when tilling in hard ground. The tines may catch in the ground and propel the tiller forward. If this occurs, let go of the handlebars and do not restrain the machine. Do not put hands or feet near or under rotating parts. Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel drives, walks, or roads. Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic. Do not carry passengers. After striking a foreign object, stop the engine (motor), remove the wire from the spark plug, thoroughly inspect the tiller for any damage, and repair the damage before restarting and operating the tiller. Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling. If the unit should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the engine (motor) and check immediately for the cause. Vibration is generally a warning of trouble. Stop the engine (motor) when leaving the operating position. Take all possible precautions when leaving the machine unattended. Disengage the tines, shift into neutral, and stop the engine. Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, shut off the engine and make certain all moving parts have stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire, and keep the wire away from the plug to prevent accidental starting. Disconnect the cord on electric motors. Do not run the engine indoors; exhaust fumes are dangerous. Never operate the tiller without proper guards, plates, or other safety protective devices in place. NOTE: Gives essential information that will aid you to better understand, incorporate, or execute a particular set of instructions. Look for this symbol to point out important safety precautions. It means CAUTION!!! BECOME ALERT!!! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED. CAUTION: Always disconnect spark plug wire and place wire where it cannot contact spark plug in order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs. WARNING The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. 2 PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS Gasoline Capacity: Unleaded Regular 3 Quarts (2,8L) OIL (API-SG-SL): (Capacity 20 oz/0,6L) Spark Plug: SAE 30 Above 32°F/0°C SAE 5w30 Below 32°F/0°C Champion RC12YC (Gap: .030"/0.76mm) CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES • • • Read and observe the safety rules. Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tiller. Follow instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this Owner’s Manual. IMPORTANT: THIS UNIT IS EQUIPPED WITH AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND SHOULD NOT BE USED ON OR NEAR ANY UNIMPROVED FOREST-COVERED, BRUSHCOVERED OR GRASS COVERED LAND UNLESS THE ENGINE'S EXHAUST SYSTEM IS EQUIPPED WITH A SPARK ARRESTER MEETING APPLICABLE LOCAL LAWS (IF ANY). IF A SPARK ARRESTER IS USED, IT SHOULD BE MAINTAINED IN EFFECTIVE WORKING ORDER BY THE OPERATOR. IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, A SPARK ARRESTER IS REQUIRED BY LAW (SECTION 4442 OF THE CALIFORNIA PUBLIC RESOURCES CODE). OTHER STATES MAY HAVE SIMILAR LAWS. FEDERAL LAWS APPLY ON FEDERAL LANDS. SEE YOUR AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/DEPARTMENT FOR SPARK ARRESTER. CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tiller. It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give you the best possible dependability and performance. Should you experience any problems you cannot easily remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service center. We have competent, well-trained technicians and the proper tools to service or repair this unit. Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will enable you to assemble and maintain your tiller properly. Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”. TABLE OF CONTENTS SAFETY RULES ..........................................................2 CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES...............................3 PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS .....................................3 ASSEMBLY ...............................................................4-6 OPERATION ...........................................................7-10 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ....................................11 MAINTENANCE ...................................................11-13 SERVICE & ADJUSTMENTS ...............................14-17 STORAGE ..................................................................18 TROUBLESHOOTING ...............................................19 WARRANTY...............................................................20 3 ASSEMBLY Your new tiller has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tiller all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness. TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY FRONT A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard wrench sizes are listed. (1) Utility knife (1) Tire pressure gauge (1) Pair of pliers (1) 9/16" wrench LEFT RIGHT OPERATOR’S POSITION (See Fig. 1) When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it means when you are in the operating position (standing behind tiller handles). OPERATOR’S POSITION Fig. 1 CONTENTS OF HARDWARE PACK (1) Carriage Bolt 3/8-16 UNC x 1 Grade 5 (2) Handle Locks (1) Flat Washer 13/32 x 1 x 11 Gauge (1) Center Locknut 3/8-16 UNC (1) Handle Lock Lever (1) Pivot Bolt 3/8-16 UNC Grade 5 Extra Shear Pins & Clips 4 (1) Hairpin Clip ASSEMBLY UNPACKING CARTON (See Fig. 2) • CAUTION: Be careful of exposed staples when handling or disposing of cartoning material. Grasp handle assembly. Hold in “up” position. Be sure handle lock remains in gearcase notch. Slide handle assembly into position. HANDLE ASSEMBLY "UP" POSITION IMPORTANT: WHEN UNPACKING AND ASSEMBLING TILLER, BE CAREFUL NOT TO STRETCH OR KINK CABLES. • • • • • TIGHTEN HANDLE LOCK LEVER TO HOLD While holding handle assembly, cut cable ties securing handle assembly to top frame and depth stake. Let handle assembly rest on tiller. Remove top frame of carton. Slowly ease handle assembly up and place on top of carton. Cut down right hand front and right hand rear corners of carton, lay side carton wall down. Remove packing material from handle assembly. LOOSEN HANDLE LOCK LEVER TO MOVE Fig. 4 HANDLE ASSEMBLY • • • c ar • _3 ton SHIFT ROD • • Fig. 2 • INSTALL HANDLE (See Figs. 3, 4, and 5) • Insert one handle lock (with teeth facing outward) in gearcase notch. (Apply grease on smooth side of handle lock to aid in keeping lock in place until handle assembly is lowered into position.) • Rotate handle assembly down. Insert rear carriage bolt first, with bolt head on L.H. side of tiller and loosely assemble locknut (See Fig. 5). Insert pivot bolt in front part of plate and tighten. Cut down remaining corners of carton and lay panels flat. Lower the handle assembly. Tighten nut on carriage bolt so handle moves with some resistance. This will allow for easier adjustment. Place flat washer on threaded end of handle lock lever. Insert handle lock lever through handle base and gearcase. Screw in handle lock lever just enough to hold lever in place. Insert second handle lock (with teeth inward) in the slot of the handle base (just inside of washer). With handle assembly in lowest position, securely tighten handle lock lever by rotating clockwise. Leaving handle assembly in lowest position will make it easier to remove tiller from carton. VIEWED FROM R.H. SIDE OF TILLER HANDLE LOCK HANDLE ASSEMBLY FLAT WASHER GEARCASE GEARCASE NOTCH SLOT HANDLE LOCK LEVER HANDLE LOCK CARRIAGE BOLT hand les_ 34 PIVOT BOLT HANDLE BASE handles_10 Fig. 3 LOCKNUT Fig. 5 5 ASSEMBLY CONNECT SHIFT ROD (See Fig. 7) ATTACH CLUTCH CABLE (See Fig. 6) • • • Hook end of clutch cable through hole in control bar bracket. CONTROL BAR BRACKET Insert end of shift rod into hole of shift lever indicator. Insert hairpin clip through hole of shift rod to secure. SHIFT ROD SHIFT LEVER INDICATOR HAIRPIN CLIP CONTROL BAR CLUTCH CABLE CONTROL BAR BRACKET Fig. 7 REMOVE TILLER FROM CRATE • END OF CLUTCH CABLE • Fig. 6 • Make sure shift lever indicator is in “N” position (See Fig. 7) Tilt tiller forward by lifting handle. Separate cardboard cover from leveling shield. Rotate tiller handle to the right and pull tiller out of carton. CHECK TIRE PRESSURE The tires on your unit were overinflated at the factory for shipping purposes. Correct and equal tire pressure is important for best tilling performance. • Reduce tire pressure to 20 PSI (1.4 kg/cm2). HANDLE HEIGHT • 6 Handle height may be adjusted to better suit operator. (See “TO ADJUST HANDLE HEIGHT” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual). OPERATION KNOW YOUR TILLER READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TILLER. Compare the illustrations with your tiller to familiarize yourself with the location of various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference. These symbols may appear on your Tiller or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning. THROTTLE CONTROL SHIFT LEVER CHOKE CONTROL SHIFT LEVER INDICATOR DRIVE CONTROL BAR DEPTH STAKE LEVELING SHIELD RECOIL STARTER HANDLE Fig. 8 MEETS ANSI SAFETY REQUIREMENTS Our tillers conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute. SHIFT LEVER - Used to shift transmission gears. SHIFT LEVER INDICATOR - Shows which gear the transmission is in. THROTTLE CONTROL - Controls engine speed. CHOKE CONTROL - Used when starting a cold engine. DEPTH STAKE - Controls depth at which tiller will dig. DRIVE CONTROL BAR - Used to engage tines. LEVELING SHIELD - Levels tilled soil. RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Used to start the engine. 7 OPERATION 00155 The operation of any tiller can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields before starting your tiller and while tilling. We recommend a wide vision safety mask for over spectacles or standard safety glasses. HOW TO USE YOUR TILLER Know how to operate all controls before adding fuel and oil or attempting to start engine. SHALLOWEST TILLING (CULTIVATING) STOPPING (See Fig. 9) TINES AND DRIVE • Release drive control bar to stop movement. • Move shift lever to “N” (neutral) position. ENGINE • Move throttle control to “STOP” position. • Never use choke to stop engine. TRANSPORT POSITION DEEPEST TILLING DEPTH STAKE sta th_ dep SHIFT LEVER 2 ke_ Fig. 10 TILLING (See Fig. 11) • DRIVE CONTROL BAR “ENGAGED” POSITION • • DRIVE CONTROL BAR “DISENGAGED” POSITION • Fig. 9 TINE OPERATION - WITH WHEEL DRIVE • • Always release drive control bar before moving shift lever into another position. Tine movement is achieved by moving shift lever to ( ) till position and engaging drive control bar. Release depth stake pin. Pull the depth stake up for increased tilling depth. Place depth stake pin in hole of depth stake to lock in position. Place shift lever indicator in tilling position. Hold the drive control bar against the handle to start tilling movement. Tines and wheels will both turn. Move throttle control to “FAST” position for deep tilling. To cultivate, throttle control can be set at any desired speed, depending on how fast or slow you wish to cultivate. IMPORTANT: ALWAYS RELEASE DRIVE CONTROL BAR BEFORE MOVING SHIFT LEVER INTO ANOTHER POSITION. DEPTH STAKE PIN “RELEASED” POSITION FORWARD - WHEELS ONLY/TINES STOPPED • Release drive control bar and move shift lever indicator to “F” (forward) position. Engage drive control bar and tiller will move forward. REVERSE - WHEELS ONLY/TINES STOPPED • • • • • DO NOT STAND DIRECTLY BEHIND TILLER. Release the drive control bar. Move throttle control to “SLOW” position. Move shift lever indicator to “R” (reverse) position. Hold drive control bar against the handle to start tiller movement. NUT “B” SIDE SHIELD NUT “A” de s h_ pt 6 _1 ke ta Fig. 11 HARD TO SHIFT GEARS • “LOCKED” POSITION TURNING Briefly engage drive control bar and release or rock tiller forward and backward until are able to shift gears. • • • DEPTH STAKE (See Fig. 10) The depth stake can be raised or lowered to allow you more versatile tilling and cultivating, or to more easily transport your tiller. • • 8 Release the drive control bar. Move throttle control to “SLOW” position. Place shift lever indicator in “F” (forward) position. Tines will not turn. Lift handle to raise tines out of ground. Swing the handle in the opposite direction you wish to turn, being careful to keep feet and legs away from tines. OPERATION • When you have completed your turn-around, release the drive control bar and lower handle. Place shift lever in till position and move throttle control to desired speed. To begin tilling, hold drive control bar against the handle. ADD GASOLINE • TO TRANSPORT CAUTION: Before lifting or transporting, allow tiller engine and muffler to cool. Disconnect spark plug wire. Drain gasoline from fuel tank. CAUTION: Fill to within 1/2 inch of top of fuel tank to prevent spills and to allow for fuel expansion. If gasoline is accidentally spilled, move machine away from area of spill. Avoid creating any source of ignition until gasoline vapors have disappeared. Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline near an open flame. AROUND THE YARD • Release the depth stake pin. Move the depth stake down to the top hole for transporting the tiller. Place depth stake pin in hole of depth stake to lock in position. This prevents tines from scuffing the ground. • Place shift lever indicator in “F” (forward) position for transporting. • Hold the drive control bar against the handle to start tiller movement. Tines will not turn. • Move throttle control to desired speed. IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES BELOW32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE GASOLINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER STARTING. CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine problems, the fuel system should be emptied before storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next season. See Storage Instructions for additional information. Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur. AROUND TOWN • Disconnect spark plug wire. • Drain fuel tank. • Transport in upright position to prevent oil leakage. BEFORE STARTING ENGINE IMPORTANT: BE VERY CAREFUL NOT TO ALLOW DIRT TO ENTER THE ENGINE WHEN CHECKING OR ADDING OIL OR FUEL. USE CLEAN OIL AND FUEL AND STORE IN APPROVED, CLEAN, COVERED CONTAINERS. USE CLEAN FILL FUNNELS. CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL (See Fig.12) • • • • • The engine in your unit has been shipped, from the factory, already filled with SAE 30 summer weight oil. With engine level, clean area around oil filler plug and remove plug. Engine oil should be to point of overflowing when engine is level. For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” on page 3 of this manual. All oil must meet A.P.I. Service Classification SG-SL. For cold weather operation you should change oil for easier starting (See oil viscosity chart in the Maintenance section of this manual). To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in this manual. TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 13) CAUTION: Keep drive control bar in “DISENGAGED” position when starting engine. When starting engine for the first time or if engine has run out of fuel, it will take extra pulls of the recoil starter to move fuel from the tank to the engine. • Make sure spark plug wire is properly connected. • Move shift lever indicator to “N” (neutral) position. • Place throttle control in “FAST” position. • Turn fuel shut-off valve 1/4 turn to open position. • Move choke control to choke position. • Grasp recoil starter handle with one hand and grasp tiller handle with other hand. Pull rope out slowly until engine reaches start of compression cycle (rope will pull slightly harder at this point). • Pull recoil starter handle quickly. Do not let starter handle snap back against starter. • If engine fires but does not start, move choke control to half choke position. Pull recoil starter handle until engine starts. OIL LEVEL eng t_4 _ar ine Fig. 12 OIL DRAIN PLUG Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30 days to assure fuel freshness. OIL FILLER PLUG 9 OPERATION • When engine starts, slowly move choke control to "RUN" position as engine warms up. NOTE: A warm engine requires less choking to start. • Move throttle control to desired running position. • Allow engine to warm up for a few minutes before engaging tines. NOTE: If at a high altitude (3000 feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32°F), the carburetor fuel mixture may need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See "TO ADJUST CARBURETOR" in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. NOTE: If engine does not start, see troubleshooting points. • • Soil conditions are important for proper tilling. Tines will not readily penetrate dry, hard soil which may contribute to excessive bounce and difficult handling of your tiller. Hard soil should be moistened before tilling; however, extremely wet soil will “ball-up” or clump during tilling. Wait until the soil is less wet in order to achieve the best results. When tilling in the fall, remove vines and long grass to prevent them from wrapping around the tine shaft and slowing your tilling operation. Do not lean on handle. This takes weight off the wheels and reduces traction. To get through a really tough section of sod or hard ground, apply upward pressure on handle or lower the depth stake. CULTIVATING Cultivating is destroying the weeds between rows to prevent them from robbing nourishment and moisture from the plants. At the same time, breaking up the upper layer of soil crust will help retain moisture in the soil. Best digging depth is 1" to 3" (2.5-7.5 cm). Lower the outer side shields to protect small plants from being buried. • Cultivate up and down the rows at a speed which will allow tines to uproot weeds and leave the ground in rough condition, promoting no further growth of weeds and grass (See Fig. 15). SPARK PLUG THROTTLE CONTROL CHOKE CONTROL RECOIL STARTER Fig. 13 TILLING HINTS CAUTION: Until you are accustomed to handling your tiller, start actual field use with throttle in slow position (mid-way between “FAST” and “IDLE”). • • Tilling is digging into, turning over, and breaking up packed soil before planting. Loose, unpacked soil helps root growth. Best tilling depth is 4" to 6" (10-15 cm). A tiller will also clear the soil of unwanted vegetation. The decomposition of this vegetable matter enriches the soil. Depending on the climate (rainfall and wind), it may be advisable to till the soil at the end of the growing season to further condition the soil. You will find tilling much easier if you leave a row untilled between passes. Then go back between tilled rows. (See Fig. 14) There are two reasons for doing this. First, wide turns are much easier to negotiate than about-faces. Second, the tiller won’t be pulling itself, and you, toward the row next to it. 3 4 5 2 6 Fig. 15 TINE SHEAR PINS The tine assemblies on your tiller are secured to the tine shaft with shear pins (See “TINE REPLACEMENT” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual). If the tiller is unusually overloaded or jammed, the shear pins are designed to break before internal damage occurs to the transmission. • If shear pin(s) break, replace only with those shown in the Repair Parts section of this manual. 1 7 Fig. 14 10 MAINTENANCE YS EA SO OU N RS RS ER SERVICE DATES EV Y5 ER EV EV ER Y2 0H 5H OU UR HO CH Y5 EA ER RE EV FO BE FILL IN DATES AS YOU COMPLETE REGULAR SERVICE S US E MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Check Engine Oil Level Change Engine Oil 1,2 Oil Pivot Points Inspect Spark Arrester / Muffler Inspect Air Screen Clean or Replace Air Cleaner Cartridge 2 Clean Engine Cylinder Fins Replace Spark Plug RH Gear Case Grease Fitting (1oz.) 1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures. 2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions. LUBRICATION CHART GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS The warranty on this tiller does not cover items that have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive full value from the warranty, the operator must maintain tiller as instructed in this manual. Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to properly maintain your tiller. All adjustments in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual should be checked at least once each season. • Once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean or replace air filter, and check tines and belts for wear. A new spark plug and clean air filter assure proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better and last longer. d ENGINE e RH GEAR CASE GREASE FITTIG c DEPTH STAKE PIN c LEVELING SHIELD HINGES BEFORE EACH USE • • • c IDLER BRACKET Check engine oil level. Check tine operation. Check for loose fasteners. c WHEEL HUB c SAE 30 OR 10W-30 MOTOR OIL d REFER TO MAINTENANCE “ENGINE” SECTION e EP #1 GREASE LUBRICATION Keep unit well lubricated (See “LUBRICATION CHART”). 11 MAINTENANCE Disconnect spark plug wire before performing any maintenance (except carburetor adjustment) to prevent accidental starting of engine. Prevent fires! Keep the engine free of grass, leaves, spilled oil, or fuel. Remove fuel from tank before tipping unit for maintenance. Clean muffler area of all grass, dirt, and debris. Do not touch hot muffler or cylinder fins as contact may cause burns. ENGINE LUBRICATION Use only high quality detergent oil rated with API service classification SG-SL. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade according to your expected temperature. OIL DRAIN PLUG SAE VISCOSITY GRADES SAE 30 10W-30 / 5W-30 -20 F C -30 0 -20 30 -10 40 4 60 10 20 OIL LEVEL OIL FILLER PLUG 100 80 30 40 TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE Fig. 16 oil_visc_chart5_e(drt) Fig. 17 AIR CLEANER (See Fig. 18) NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) improve starting in cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils will result in increased oil consumption when used above 40°F (4°C). Check your engine oil level more frequently to avoid possible engine damage from running low on oil. Change the oil after every 25 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tiller is not used for 25 hours in one year. Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine and after each five (5) hours of continuous use. Add SAE 30 motor oil or equivalent. Tighten oil filler plug securely each time you check the oil level. TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Figs. 16 and 17) Determine temperature range expected before oil change. All oil must meet API service classification SG-SL. • Be sure tiller is on level surface. • Oil will drain more freely when warm. • Use a funnel to prevent oil spill on tiller, and catch oil in a suitable container. • Remove drain plug. For easier removal of plug use 7/16 12 Pt. socket with extension.) • Tip tiller forward to drain oil. • After oil has drained completely, replace oil drain plug and tighten securely. • Remove oil filler plug. Be careful not to allow dirt to enter the engine. • Refill engine with oil. See “CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL” in the Operation section of this manual. Service air cleaner cartridge every twenty-five hours, more often if engine is used in very dusty conditions. • Loosen air cleaner screws, one on each side of cover. • Remove air cleaner cover. • Carefully remove air cleaner cartridge. Be careful. Do not allow dirt or debris to fall into carburetor. • Clean by tapping gently on a flat surface. • If very dirty or damaged, replace cartridge. • Clean and replace cover. Tighten screws securely. IMPORTANT: PETROLEUM SOLVENTS, SUCH AS KEROSENE, ARE NOT TO BE USED TO CLEAN THE CARTRIDGE. THEY MAY CAUSE DETERIORATION OF THE CARTRIDGE. DO NOT OIL CARTRIDGE. DO NOT USE PRESSURIZED AIR TO CLEAN OR DRY CARTRIDGE. COVER AIR CLEANER CARTRIDGE AIR CLEANER SCREW Fig. 18 12 MAINTENANCE COOLING SYSTEM (See Fig. 19) Your engine is air cooled. For proper engine performance and long life keep your engine clean. • Clean air screen frequently using a stiff-bristled brush. • Keep cylinder fins, levers, and linkage free of dirt and chaff. CYLINDER FINS BLOWER HOUSING AIR SCREEN MUFFLER Fig. 19 MUFFLER Do not operate tiller without muffler. Do not tamper with exhaust system. Damaged mufflers or spark arresters could create a fire hazard. Inspect periodically and replace if necessary. If your engine is equipped with a spark arrester screen assembly, remove every 50 hours for cleaning and inspection. Replace if damaged. SPARK PLUG Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each tilling season or after every 50 hours of use, whichever comes first. Spark plug type and gap setting is shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” on page 3 of this manual. TRANSMISSION Once a season, lubricate the right hand side gear case grease fitting with 1 oz. of EP #1 Grease. CLEANING Do not clean your tiller when the engine and transmission are hot. We do not recommend using pressurized water (garden hose, etc.) to clean your unit unless the gasket area around the transmission and the engine muffler, air filter and carburetor are covered to keep water out. Water in engine will shorten the useful life of your tiller. • Clean engine, wheels, finish, etc. of all foreign matter. • Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline, oil, etc. • Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax. 13 SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS CAUTION: Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come into contact with plug. TILLER TO ADJUST HANDLE HEIGHT (See Fig. 20) Select handle height best suited for your tilling conditions. Handle height will be different when tiller digs into soil. • First loosen handle lock lever. • Handle can be positioned at different settings between “HIGH” and “LOW” positions. • Retighten handle lock lever securely after adjusting. CLEVIS PIN HANDLE (HIGH POSITION) HAIRPIN CLIP HANDLE LOCK LEVER Fig. 21 TO REMOVE BELT GUARD (See Fig. 22) HANDLE (LOW POSITION) NOTE: For ease of removal, remove hairpin clip and clevis pin from left wheel. Pull wheel out from tiller about 1 inch. • Remove two (2) screws from side of belt guard. • Remove hex nut and washer from bottom of belt guard (located behind wheel). • Pull belt guard out and away from unit. • Replace belt guard by reversing above procedure. Fig. 20 TIRE CARE BELT GUARD CAUTION: When mounting tires, unless beads are seated, overinflation can cause an explosion. • • Maintain 20 pounds of tire pressure. If tire pressures are not equal, tiller will pull to one side. Keep tires free of gasoline or oil which can damage rubber. TO REMOVE WHEEL (See Fig. 21) • • • • SCREW AND WASHER SCREW AND WASHER Place blocks under transmission to keep tiller from tipping. Remove hairpin clip and clevis pin from wheel. Remove wheel and tire. Repair tire and reassemble. HAIRPIN CLIP AND CLEVIS PIN Fig. 22 14 HEX NUT AND WASHER (LOCATED BEHIND TIRE) SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS TO REPLACE GROUND DRIVE BELT (See Fig. 23) • • • • • • GROUND DRIVE BELT ADJUSTMENT (See Fig. 23) Remove belt guard (See “TO REMOVE BELT GUARD” in this section of this manual). Remove old belt by slipping off engine pulley first then remove from transmission pulley. Place new belt in groove of transmission pulley and into engine pulley. BELT MUST BE IN GROOVE ON TOP OF IDLER PULLEY. NOTE POSITION OF BELT TO GUIDES. Check belt adjustment as described below. Replace belt guard. Reposition wheel and replace clevis pin and hairpin clip. For proper belt tension, the extension spring should have about 5/8 inch stretch when drive control bar is in “ENGAGED” position. This tension can be attained as follows: • Loosen cable clip screw securing the drive control cable. • Slide cable forward for less tension and rearward for more tension until about 5/8 inch stretch is obtained while the drive control bar is engaged. • Tighten cable clip screw securely. CABLE CLIP SCREW ENGINE PULLEY DRIVE CONTROL CABLE LESS TENSION 5/8" IDLER PULLEY TRANSMISSION PULLEY Fig. 23 15 EXTENSION SPRING MORE TENSION SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS TINE REPLACEMENT (See Figs. 24, 25 and 26) • CAUTION: Tines are sharp. Wear gloves or other protection when handling tines. • A badly worn tine causes your tiller to work harder and dig more shallow. Most important, worn tines cannot chop and shred organic matter as effectively nor bury it as deeply as good tines. A tine this worn needs to be replaced. NEW TINE To maintain the superb tilling performance of this machine the tines should be checked for sharpness, wear, and bending, particularly the tines which are next to the transmission. If the gap between the tines exceeds 3-1/2 inches they should be replaced or straightened as necessary. New tines should be assembled as shown in Fig. 26. Sharpened tine edges will rotate rearward from above. TRANSMISSION tine_3 WORN TINE TINE Fig.24 TINE 3-1/2" MAX (9 CM) Fig. 25 HAIRPIN CLIP SHARP EDGE COUNTER TINE ROTATION HAIRPIN CLIP SHARP EDGE 02 05 0 SHARP EDGES SHEAR PIN SHARP EDGES SHARP EDGE SHEAR PIN tine_13 Fig. 26 16 SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ENGINE TO ADJUST CARBURETOR The carburetor has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. However, engine performance can be affected by differences in fuel, temperature, altitude or load. If the carburetor does need adjustment, contact your nearest authorized service center/department IMPORTANT: NEVER TAMPER WITH THE ENGINE GOVERNOR, WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER ENGINE SPEED. OVERSPEEDING THE ENGINE ABOVE THE FACTORY HIGH SPEED SETTING CAN BE DANGEROUS. IF YOU THINK THE ENGINE-GOVERNED HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING, CONTACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/ DEPARTMENT, WHICH HAS THE PROPER EQUIPMENT AND EXPERIENCE TO MAKE ANY NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS. 17 STORAGE Immediately prepare your tiller for storage at the end of the season or if the unit will not be used for 30 days or more. ENGINE OIL Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this manual). WARNING: Never store the tiller with gasoline in the tank inside a building where fumes may reach an open flame or spark. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any enclosure. CYLINDER(S) • • • TILLER • • • • • • Clean entire tiller (See “CLEANING” in the Maintenance section of this manual). Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual). Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this manual. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage and wear. Replace if necessary. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand lightly before painting. Remove spark plug. Pour 1 ounce (29 ml) of oil through spark plug hole into cylinder. Pull starter handle slowly several times to distribute oil. Replace with new spark plug. OTHER • • • • ENGINE Do not store gasoline from one season to another. Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems. If possible, store your unit indoors and cover it to give protection from dust and dirt. Cover your unit with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and will cause your unit to rust. IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TILLER WHILE ENGINE AND EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM. FUEL SYSTEM IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH AS THE CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE. • Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. • Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent. • Use fresh fuel next season. NOTE: Fuel stablizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow the mix ratio found on stablizer container. Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stablizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer. 18 TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Out of fuel. Engine not “CHOKED” properly. Engine flooded. Dirty air cleaner. Water in fuel. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Clogged fuel tank. Loose spark plug wire. Bad spark plug or improper gap. Carburetor out of adjustment. Oil soaked air filter. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Fill fuel tank. See “TO START ENGINE” in Operation section. Wait several minutes before attempting to start. Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline. Remove fuel tank and clean. Make sure spark plug wire is seated properly on plug. Replace spark plug or adjust gap. Make necessary adjustments. Replace air filter. Hard to start 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Throttle control not set properly. Dirty air cleaner. Bad spark plug or improper gap. Stale or dirty fuel. Loose spark plug wire. Carburetor out of adjustment. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Place throttle control in “FAST” position. Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge. Replace spark plug or adjust gap. Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline. Make sure spark plug wire is seated properly on plug. Make necessary adjustments. Loss of power 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Engine is overloaded. Dirty air cleaner. Low oil level/dirty oil. Faulty spark plug. Oil in fuel. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Set depth stake for shallower tilling. Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge. Check oil level/change oil. Clean and regap or change spark plug. Empty and clean fuel tank and refill tank, and clean carburetor. Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline. Remove fuel tank and clean. Connect and tighten spark plug wire. Clean engine air screen. Clean/replace muffler. Make necessary adjustments. Contact an authorized service center/department. Will not start 6. Stale or dirty fuel. 7. Water in fuel. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 6. 7. Clogged fuel tank. Spark plug wire loose. Dirty engine air screen. Dirty/clogged muffler. Carburetor out of adjustment. Poor compression. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Engine overheats 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Low oil level/dirty oil. Dirty engine air screen. Dirty engine. Partially plugged muffler. Improper carburetor adjustment. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Excessive bounce/ difficult handling 1. Ground too dry and hard. 1. Moisten ground or wait for more favorable soil conditions. Soil balls up or clumps 1. Ground too wet. 1. Wait for more favorable soil conditions. Engine runs but tiller won’t move 1. Drive control bar is not engaged. 2. V-belt not correctly adjusted. 3. V-belt is off pulley(s). 1. Engage drive control. 2. Inspect/adjust V-belt. 3. Inspect V-belt. Engine runs but labors when tilling 1. Tilling too deep. 2. Throttle control not properly adjusted. 3. Carburetor out of adjustment. 1. Set depth stake for shallower tilling. 2. Check throttle control setting. 3. Make necessary adjustments. Tines will not rotate 1. Shear pin(s) broken. 1. Replace shear pin(s). 19 Check oil level/change oil. Clean engine air screen. Clean cylinder fins, air screen, and muffler area. Remove and clean muffler. Adjust carburetor to richer position. LIMITED WARRANTY The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as manufactured is free from defects in materials and workmanship. For a period of two (2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer purchaser, we will repair or replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any part which we find to be defective due to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is subject to the following limitations and exclusions. 1. This warranty does not apply to the engine or components parts thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items. 2. Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment are the responsibility of the purchaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless such return is requested by the manufacturer. 3. The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is limited to 90 days from the date of original purchase. 4. This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished. This Warranty does not apply to any product which has been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal wear of the product. 5. Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, tines, tine adapters, normal wear, normal adjustments, standard hardware and normal maintenance. 6. In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an authorized service dealer. Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact: In Canada contact: HOP Customer Service Dept. 1030 Stevens Creek Road Augusta, GA 30907 USA HOP 7075 Ordan Drive Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1K6 giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the name and address of the authorized dealer from whom it was purchased. THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas do not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from locale to locale. This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defined in the Magnuson-Moss Act of 1975. 20 SERVICE NOTES 21 PARTS AND SERVICE This product has been expertly engineered and carefully manufactured to rigid quality standards. As with all mechanical products, some adjustments or part replacement may be necessary during the life of your unit. For Parts and service, contact our authorized distributor: call 1-800-849-1297 • For replacement parts, have available the following information: a. Model Number/Manufacturer's I.D. Number b. Description of part. For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886 For a Parts Manual, go to our website: www.poulan-pro.com/support.asp NOTE: Poulan Pro provides parts and service through its authorized distributors and dealers; therefore, all requests for parts and service should be directed to your local dealer(s). The philosophy of Electrolux Home Products is to continually improve all of its products. If the operating characteristics or the appearance of your product differs from those described in this Manual, please contact your local dealer for updated information and assistance.
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