477 KB
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-23 52 33.01 20 (November 2008)
Change 1 - 08/15
----------------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-23 52 33.01 20 (July 2007)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 23 - HEATING, VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING (HVAC)
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
STEAM HEATING PLANT WATERTUBE (SHOP ASSEMBLED) COAL/OIL OR COAL
11/08
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
1.2
RELATED REQUIREMENTS
1.3
DEFINITIONS
1.4
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
1.4.1
Design Requirements
1.4.1.1
Boiler
1.4.1.2
Economizer
1.4.1.3
Forced Draft Fan (Coal Firing)
1.4.1.4
Induced Draft Fan Design
1.4.1.5
Expansion Joints
1.4.1.6
Fuel Oil Pump
1.4.1.7
[Fuel Oil Pump and Heater Set
1.4.1.8
Electric Startup Heater
1.4.1.9
Ash Handling System (Pneumatic)
1.4.1.10
Ash Handling System (Mechanical)
1.4.1.11
Deaerating Heater
1.4.1.12
Water Softening System
1.4.2
Detail Drawings
1.4.2.1
Steam Generating Unit
1.4.2.2
Boiler Room Auxiliary Equipment
1.4.2.3
Stokers
1.4.2.4
Ash Handling System
1.4.2.5
Burners
1.4.2.6
Stacks, Dampers, and Breechings
1.4.2.7
Coal Handling Equipment Drawings
1.4.2.8
Fuel Oil Equipment
1.4.2.9
Piping and Specialty Items
1.4.2.10
Furnishing Approved Drawings
1.4.3
Posted Operating Instructions
1.4.4
Performance Requirements
1.4.4.1
Boiler
1.4.4.2
Economizer
1.4.4.3
Oil Burner/Windbox Package
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 1
1.5
SUBMITTALS
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.6.1
Standard Commercial Product
1.6.2
Equipment Furnished
1.6.3
Responsibility
1.6.4
Certification of Backflow Preventer
1.6.5
Modification of References
1.6.6
Certificates
1.6.6.1
List of Equipment Manufacturers
1.6.6.2
Proof of Experience
1.6.6.3
Manufacturer's Installation Approval
1.6.6.4
Boiler Inspector's Report
1.6.6.5
System and Equipment Installation
1.6.6.6
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank Calibration
1.6.6.7
Backflow Preventer
1.7
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
1.7.1
Air Permits
1.7.2
Burner Emission Requirements
1.7.2.1
NOx Emission Regulations
1.8
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.9
EXTRA MATERIALS
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.1
PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
2.1.1
Energy Efficient Equipment for Boilers
2.2
MATERIALS
2.2.1
Identical Items
2.3
BOILER
2.3.1
Packaged Watertube Boiler
2.3.2
Operational Requirements
2.3.3
Tubes
2.3.4
Boiler Trim
2.3.4.1
Boiler Blowoff Valves
2.3.4.2
Steel Gate, Globe and Angle Valves
2.3.4.3
Safety, Relief, and Safety Relief Valves
2.3.4.4
Steam Gage
2.3.4.5
Water Column
2.3.4.6
Safety Valves
2.3.4.7
Non-Return Valve
2.3.4.8
Blowoff Connections
2.3.4.9
Miscellaneous Stop Valves
2.3.4.10
Tube Cleaner
2.3.4.11
Wrenches
2.3.5
Boiler Limit Interlocks
2.3.6
Sootblowers
2.3.6.1
Fixed Position Soot Blowers (Steam)
2.3.6.2
Fixed Position Sootblowers (Air Puff)
2.3.6.3
Retractable Sootblowers
2.3.6.4
Sootblower Elements
2.3.6.5
Pushbutton
2.3.6.6
Control for Sootblowing System
2.3.7
Combustion Controls
2.4
ECONOMIZER
2.4.1
Construction
2.4.2
Equipment
2.4.3
Insulation
2.5
COAL STOKERS
2.5.1
Stoker Grate Area and Heat Release Rate
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 2
2.5.2
Construction
2.5.2.1
Coal Fuel Feed Control
2.5.2.2
Coal Hopper
2.5.2.3
Stoker Front Enclosure
2.5.2.4
Stoker Grates
2.5.2.5
Stoker Drive
2.5.2.6
Stoker Drive Electric Motor
2.5.2.7
Air Distribution Control
2.5.2.8
Overfire Air System
2.5.2.9
Ash Discharge System
2.5.2.10
Doors
2.5.2.11
Lubrication
2.6
OIL BURNER/WINDBOX PACKAGE
2.6.1
Burner
2.6.1.1
Burner Characteristics
2.6.1.2
Atomization
2.6.1.3
Electric Ignition System
2.6.1.4
Natural Gas Pilot Ignition System
2.6.1.5
Windbox
2.6.1.6
Purge Connection
2.6.1.7
Aspirating System
2.6.1.8
Piping
2.6.1.9
Metal Parts
2.6.1.10
Fuel Oil Control Valve
2.6.1.11
Fuel
2.6.1.12
Burner Blower Fan For Oil Fired Burner
2.6.1.13
Electric Motor
2.6.2
Flame Safeguard Controls
2.6.2.1
Fuel Oil Train
2.6.2.2
Control Sequencing
2.6.2.3
Light Off
2.6.2.4
Circuit Analyzer
2.6.2.5
Control Panel
2.7
FANS
2.7.1
Forced Draft Fan (Coal Firing)
2.7.1.1
Fan Size
2.7.1.2
Fan Construction
2.7.1.3
Electric Motor
2.7.1.4
Noise Level for Forced Draft Fan
2.7.2
Induced Draft Fan
2.7.2.1
Fan Size
2.7.2.2
Fan Construction
2.7.2.3
Dampers
2.7.2.4
Painting
2.7.2.5
Electric Motor
2.7.2.6
Noise Level for Induced Draft Fan
2.8
COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM
2.8.1
Plant Compressed Air System
2.8.1.1
Air Filter
2.8.1.2
Oil Filter
2.8.1.3
Air Receiver
2.8.1.4
Electric Motor
2.8.1.5
Controls
2.8.2
Instrument Compressed Air System
2.8.2.1
Air Compressor
2.8.2.2
Air Receiver
2.8.2.3
Aftercooler
2.8.2.4
Electric Motor
2.8.2.5
Controls
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 3
2.8.2.6
Accessories
2.8.2.7
Desiccant Air Dryer
2.8.2.8
Refrigerated Air Dryer
2.8.3
Pressure Reducing Regulator
2.9
BREECHING, EXPANSION JOINTS, STACKS, DAMPERS, AND ACCESSORIES
2.9.1
Breeching
2.9.1.1
Breeching Connections and Joints
2.9.1.2
Uninsulated Breeching
2.9.1.3
Breeching Access Doors
2.9.1.4
Breeching Cleanout Doors
2.9.1.5
Breeching Structural Materials
2.9.2
Expansion Joints
2.9.2.1
Metallic Breeching Expansion Joints
2.9.2.2
Non-Metallic Expansion Joints
2.9.3
Stacks (For Installation Without Flue Gas Scrubbers)
2.9.3.1
Manufacturer's Calculations Required
2.9.3.2
Construction
2.9.3.3
Finish
2.9.3.4
Obstruction Lighting
2.9.3.5
Stack Sampling Platform
2.9.4
Dampers
2.9.4.1
Multilouver Dampers
2.9.4.2
Guillotine Dampers
2.10
COAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
2.10.1
Railroad Hopper Car Thawing System
2.10.1.1
Pit-Type Railroad Hopper Car Thawing System
2.10.1.2
Surface Mounted Enclosed Railroad Hopper Car Thawing System
2.10.1.3
Shed
2.10.2
Top-Mounted Railroad Hopper Car Shaker (Unloader)
2.10.2.1
Shaker
2.10.2.2
Shaker Hoist
2.10.2.3
Controls
2.10.2.4
Frame [and Enclosure]
2.10.3
Capstan Car Puller
2.10.3.1
Accessories
2.10.3.2
Rope
2.10.3.3
Rope Storage Reel
2.10.3.4
Electric Motor
2.10.4
Reversible Drum Type Car Puller
2.10.4.1
Puller
2.10.4.2
Accessories
2.10.5
Track Hopper
2.10.5.1
Track Girders
2.10.5.2
Grating
2.10.5.3
Cover
2.10.5.4
Hopper Outlet
2.10.6
Truck Hopper
2.10.6.1
Grating
2.10.6.2
Hopper Outlet
2.10.6.3
Cover
2.10.7
Reclaim Hoppers
2.10.7.1
Grating
2.10.7.2
Hopper Outlet
2.10.7.3
Cover
2.10.8
Belt Feeder
2.10.8.1
Head and Foot Shafts
2.10.8.2
Pulleys
2.10.8.3
Belt
2.10.8.4
Electric Motor
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 4
2.10.8.5
Reduction Gear
2.10.8.6
Backstop
2.10.8.7
Idlers
2.10.8.8
Load Skirts
2.10.8.9
Frame, Supports, and Enclosure
2.10.8.10
Loading Hopper
2.10.8.11
Vibrating Feeder
2.10.9
Shallow-In-Built Bar Flight Feeder and Receiving Hopper
2.10.9.1
Head and Foot Shafts
2.10.9.2
Terminal Sprockets
2.10.9.3
Chains and Flights
2.10.9.4
Frame and Enclosure
2.10.9.5
Trough
2.10.9.6
Hopper
2.10.9.7
Grating
2.10.9.8
Flight Feeder Drive
2.10.9.9
Electric Motor
2.10.10
Bucket Elevator
2.10.10.1
Head and Foot Shafts
2.10.10.2
Terminal Sprockets
2.10.10.3
Buckets and Chain
2.10.10.4
Backstop
2.10.10.5
Elevator Casing
2.10.10.6
Head Section
2.10.10.7
Boot Section
2.10.10.8
Electric Motor
2.10.10.9
Reduction Gear
2.10.10.10
Anchoring Brackets
2.10.11
Flight Conveyor
2.10.11.1
Head and Foot Shafts
2.10.11.2
Terminal Sprockets
2.10.11.3
Flights and Chain
2.10.11.4
Frame and Enclosure
2.10.11.5
Trough
2.10.11.6
Loading Hopper
2.10.11.7
Outlets
2.10.11.8
Electric Motor
2.10.11.9
Gates
2.10.11.10
Reduction Gear
2.10.12
Belt Conveyor
2.10.12.1
Head and Foot Shafts
2.10.12.2
Takeups
2.10.12.3
Pulleys
2.10.12.4
Magnetic Pulley
2.10.12.5
Belt
2.10.12.6
Electric Motor
2.10.12.7
Reduction Gear
2.10.12.8
Backstop
2.10.12.9
Emergency Stop Cord and Switch
2.10.12.10
Belt Alignment Switch
2.10.12.11
Idlers
2.10.12.12
Load Skirts
2.10.12.13
Frame, Supports, and Walkway
2.10.12.14
Discharge Hopper
2.10.13
Coal Scales
2.10.13.1
Body
2.10.13.2
Feeder
2.10.13.3
Feed Belt
2.10.13.4
Electric Motor And Drive
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 5
2.12.9
Ash Conveyor Pipe and Fittings
2.12.9.1
Conveyor Piping
2.12.9.2
Elbows and Fittings
2.12.9.3
Hangers and Supports
2.12.9.4
Contractor's Option
2.12.9.5
Expansion Joints
2.12.10
Vacuum Air Piping
2.12.11
Compressed Air Piping and Accessories
2.12.12
Primary Ash Receiver-Separator and Secondary Ash Separator
2.12.12.1
Primary Receiver-Separator
2.12.12.2
Secondary Separator
2.12.12.3
Dusttight Enclosure
2.12.13
Mechanical Exhausters
2.12.13.1
Isolation Gates
2.12.13.2
Accessories
2.12.13.3
Electric Motor
2.12.13.4
Noise Level
2.12.14
Pulse Jet Self-Cleaning Bag Filter Assembly
2.12.14.1
Cloth Area
2.12.14.2
Filter Construction
2.12.14.3
Discharge Gate
2.12.14.4
Bag Cleaning Mechanism
2.12.14.5
Filter Bag Assemblies
2.12.14.6
Control Panel
2.12.14.7
Vacuum Breakers
2.12.15
Steam Exhauster
2.12.15.1
Steam Condenser, Air Washer and Silencer
2.12.16
Ash Storage Silo
2.12.16.1
Construction
2.12.16.2
Concrete Stave Silo
2.12.17
Bag Filter Vent
2.12.18
Rotary Ash Conditioner (Unloader)
2.12.19
Fluidizing System
2.12.20
Control Panel and Controls
2.12.20.1
General
2.12.20.2
Control Panel
2.12.20.3
Operation
2.13
ASH HANDLING SYSTEM (MECHANICAL)
2.13.1
Ash Silo
2.13.2
Ash
2.13.3
Maximum Noise Level
2.13.4
System Valving
2.13.4.1
Rotary Valves
2.13.4.2
Manual Valve Intakes for Bottom Ash
2.13.4.3
Silo Discharge Valve
2.13.5
Conveyors
2.13.5.1
Chain Drag Conveyor
2.13.5.2
Screw Conveyors
2.13.6
Bucket Elevator
2.13.6.1
Head and Foot Shafts
2.13.6.2
Terminal Sprockets
2.13.6.3
Buckets ands Chain
2.13.6.4
Backstop
2.13.6.5
Elevator Casing
2.13.6.6
Head Section
2.13.6.7
Boot Section
2.13.6.8
Electric Motor
2.13.6.9
Anchoring Brackets
2.13.6.10
Discharge Chute
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 7
2.12.9
Ash Conveyor Pipe and Fittings
2.12.9.1
Conveyor Piping
2.12.9.2
Elbows and Fittings
2.12.9.3
Hangers and Supports
2.12.9.4
Contractor's Option
2.12.9.5
Expansion Joints
2.12.10
Vacuum Air Piping
2.12.11
Compressed Air Piping and Accessories
2.12.12
Primary Ash Receiver-Separator and Secondary Ash Separator
2.12.12.1
Primary Receiver-Separator
2.12.12.2
Secondary Separator
2.12.12.3
Dusttight Enclosure
2.12.13
Mechanical Exhausters
2.12.13.1
Isolation Gates
2.12.13.2
Accessories
2.12.13.3
Electric Motor
2.12.13.4
Noise Level
2.12.14
Pulse Jet Self-Cleaning Bag Filter Assembly
2.12.14.1
Cloth Area
2.12.14.2
Filter Construction
2.12.14.3
Discharge Gate
2.12.14.4
Bag Cleaning Mechanism
2.12.14.5
Filter Bag Assemblies
2.12.14.6
Control Panel
2.12.14.7
Vacuum Breakers
2.12.15
Steam Exhauster
2.12.15.1
Steam Condenser, Air Washer and Silencer
2.12.16
Ash Storage Silo
2.12.16.1
Construction
2.12.16.2
Concrete Stave Silo
2.12.17
Bag Filter Vent
2.12.18
Rotary Ash Conditioner (Unloader)
2.12.19
Fluidizing System
2.12.20
Control Panel and Controls
2.12.20.1
General
2.12.20.2
Control Panel
2.12.20.3
Operation
2.13
ASH HANDLING SYSTEM (MECHANICAL)
2.13.1
Ash Silo
2.13.2
Ash
2.13.3
Maximum Noise Level
2.13.4
System Valving
2.13.4.1
Rotary Valves
2.13.4.2
Manual Valve Intakes for Bottom Ash
2.13.4.3
Silo Discharge Valve
2.13.5
Conveyors
2.13.5.1
Chain Drag Conveyor
2.13.5.2
Screw Conveyors
2.13.6
Bucket Elevator
2.13.6.1
Head and Foot Shafts
2.13.6.2
Terminal Sprockets
2.13.6.3
Buckets ands Chain
2.13.6.4
Backstop
2.13.6.5
Elevator Casing
2.13.6.6
Head Section
2.13.6.7
Boot Section
2.13.6.8
Electric Motor
2.13.6.9
Anchoring Brackets
2.13.6.10
Discharge Chute
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 7
2.13.7
Ash Storage Silo
2.13.7.1
Construction
2.13.7.2
Concrete Stave Silo
2.13.8
Pulse Jet Bag Filter Vent
2.13.9
Rotary Ash Conditioner (Unloader)
2.13.10
Fluidizing System
2.13.11
Control Panel and Controls
2.13.11.1
Control Panel
2.14
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT
2.14.1
Mechanical Cyclone Collectors
2.14.2
Fabric Filter Baghouse
2.14.3
Electrostatic Precipitator Filters
2.14.4
Scrubbers
2.15
MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT
2.15.1
Condensate Receiver
2.15.1.1
Coating
2.15.1.2
Accessories
2.15.2
Deaerating Heater
2.15.2.1
Heater Capacity
2.15.2.2
Inlet Water Characteristics
2.15.2.3
Storage Tank
2.15.2.4
Vent Condensing Arrangement
2.15.2.5
Materials
2.15.2.6
Accessories
2.15.2.7
Connections
2.15.2.8
Level Control
2.15.2.9
Low Pressure Steam Control
2.15.2.10
Gage Glasses
2.15.2.11
Alarms
2.15.2.12
Multiport Back Pressure Relief Valve
2.15.2.13
Exhaust Head
2.15.3
Boiler Feed Pumps
2.15.3.1
Pump Service Requirements
2.15.3.2
Construction
2.15.3.3
Drives
2.15.3.4
Minimum Flow Protection for Boiler Feed Water Pumps
2.15.3.5
Feedwater Stop and Check Valves
2.15.4
Condensate Pumps
2.15.4.1
Pump Service Requirements
2.15.4.2
Construction
2.15.4.3
Drives
2.15.5
Variable Speed Motor Control
2.15.5.1
Housing
2.15.5.2
Controller Environmental Protection
2.15.5.3
Method of Control
2.15.5.4
Variable Speed Motor Controller
2.15.6
Valve Actuators
2.15.7
Sump Pumps
2.15.8
Water Softening System
2.15.8.1
Softener Equipment
2.15.8.2
Brine Storage System
2.15.9
Chemical Feed Systems
2.15.9.1
Storage Tank
2.15.9.2
Exterior Gage Glass
2.15.9.3
Low Level Alarm
2.15.9.4
Dissolving Baskets
2.15.9.5
Tank Strainer
2.15.9.6
Supporting Steelwork
2.15.9.7
Agitator
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 8
2.15.9.8
Proportioning Pumps
2.15.9.9
Safety Relief Valve
2.15.10
All Welded Blowdown Tank
2.15.10.1
Construction
2.15.10.2
Accessories
2.15.10.3
Controls
2.15.11
Continuous Blowdown System
2.15.11.1
Automatic Blowdown Controller
2.15.11.2
Flash Tank
2.15.11.3
Sample Cooler
2.15.11.4
Heat Exchanger
2.16
PIPING
2.16.1
Expansion
2.16.2
Steam Heating and Distribution and Hot Water
2.16.3
Materials
2.16.3.1
Pipe Materials
2.16.3.2
Fittings
2.16.3.3
Flanges
2.16.3.4
Valves
2.16.3.5
Bolts and Nuts
2.16.3.6
Gaskets
2.16.3.7
Expansion Joints
2.16.3.8
Pipe Hangers and Supports
2.16.3.9
Instrumentation
2.16.3.10
Miscellaneous Pipeline Components
2.16.3.11
Backflow Preventers
2.16.3.12
Insulation
2.16.3.13
Pipe Sleeves
2.16.3.14
Piping Identification
2.17
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
2.18
MARKING
2.19
TOOLS AND TESTING EQUIPMENT
2.20
WELDING MATERIALS
2.21
MOTORS AND DRIVES
2.21.1
Motors
2.21.2
SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL
2.21.3
Instrument Air Compressor Package
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
INSTALLATION
3.1.1
Boiler and Equipment Installation
3.1.1.1
Boiler and Equipment Foundations
3.1.1.2
Installing Stoker Ash Pit Firebrick
3.1.1.3
Forced and Induced Draft Fans
3.1.1.4
Stack
3.1.1.5
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Below Ground)
3.1.1.6
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Above Ground)
3.1.1.7
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank
3.1.2
Piping
3.1.2.1
Fittings
3.1.2.2
Grading of Pipe Lines
3.1.2.3
Anchoring, Guiding, and Supporting Piping
3.1.2.4
Copper Tubing
3.1.2.5
Sleeves
3.1.2.6
Flashing for Buildings
3.1.2.7
Outlets for Future Connections
3.1.2.8
Screwed Joints in Piping
3.1.2.9
Welded Joints
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 9
3.1.2.10
Cleaning of Piping
3.1.2.11
Reduction in Pipe Size
3.1.2.12
Expansion Control
3.1.2.13
Connection to Equipment
3.1.2.14
Valve Installation
3.1.2.15
Traps and Connections
3.1.2.16
Pressure Gage Installation
3.1.2.17
Thermometers and Thermal Sensing Element of Control Valves
3.1.2.18
Strainer Locations
3.1.2.19
Dissimilar Piping Materials
3.1.2.20
Surface Treating, and Pipe Wrapping
3.1.3
PAINTING
3.1.3.1
Piping, Fittings, and Mechanical and Electrical Equipment
3.1.3.2
Painting
3.1.3.3
Boilers
3.1.3.4
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank
3.1.3.5
Surfaces Not to be Painted
3.1.4
INSULATION
3.2
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
3.2.1
Tests and Inspections (Piping)
3.2.1.1
Hydrostatic and Leak Tightness Tests
3.2.2
Preliminary Operation
3.2.3
General Start-Up Requirements
3.2.4
Plant Equipment Tests
3.2.4.1
Plant Air Compressors
3.2.4.2
Instrument Air Compressors
3.2.4.3
Coal Handling System
3.2.4.4
Ash Handling System
3.2.4.5
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Below Ground)
3.2.4.6
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank
3.2.4.7
Blowdown Valves and Try Cocks
3.2.4.8
Draft Fans, Fuel Oil Heaters, Fuel Pumps, and Electric
Motors
3.2.5
Boilers and Auxiliaries Tests and Inspections
3.2.5.1
Strength and Leak Tightness Tests
3.2.5.2
Boiler Inspection
3.2.5.3
Boiler Cleaning and Startup
3.2.5.4
Boiler Preliminary Operational Tests
3.2.5.5
General Operational Tests
3.2.5.6
Auxiliary Equipment and Accessory Tests
3.2.5.7
Feedwater Equipment Tests
3.2.5.8
Capacity and Efficiency Tests
3.2.5.9
Temporary Waste Steam Connection
3.2.5.10
Fire Safety for Oil-Fired Boilers
3.2.5.11
Plant Acceptance Operation
3.2.5.12
NAVFACENGCOM Acceptance
3.2.6
Manufacturers Field Services
3.2.6.1
Erection/Installation Supervisors and Service Engineers
3.2.6.2
Boiler and System Representatives
3.2.7
Instruction to Government Personnel
3.2.8
SCHEDULE
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 10
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-23 52 33.01 20 (November 2008)
Change 1 - 08/15
----------------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-23 52 33.01 20 (July 2007)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
STEAM HEATING PLANT WATERTUBE (SHOP ASSEMBLED) COAL/OIL OR COAL
11/08
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers the
requirements for equipment for a steam heating plant
which will generate from 2 1/2 to 9 1/2 kg per second
20,000 to 75,000 pounds per hour of steam.
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable items(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This specification is intended to be used in
the procurement and installation of heating plant
equipment. Requirements for materials and
procedures for special or unusual design shall be
added to and modifications made to this
specification as necessary to fit specific
projects. This guide specification shall be used in
conjunction with the following NAVFAC definitive
drawings and UFC 3-410-06N, "Central Heating Plants
Operation and Maintenance".
NAVFAC NO./DRAWING TITLE
1429327 - STEAM HEATING PLANT NO. 4 2 1/2 to 9 1/2
KG PER SECOND 20,000 to 75,000 POUNDS PER HOUR
WATERTUBE (SHOP ASSEMBLED) COAL/OIL OR COAL SITE
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 11
Formability and Ultra-High Strength
ASTM A106/A106M
(2014) Standard Specification for Seamless
Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature
Service
ASTM A193/A193M
(2015a) Standard Specification for
Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting
Materials for High-Temperature Service and
Other Special Purpose Applications
ASTM A194/A194M
(2015a) Standard Specification for Carbon
and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for
High-Pressure or High-Temperature Service,
or Both
ASTM A211
(1975; R 1985) Specification for
Spiral-Welded Steel or Iron Pipe
ASTM A242/A242M
(2013) Standard Specification for
High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel
ASTM A312/A312M
(2015) Standard Specification for
Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked
Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes
ASTM A36/A36M
(2014) Standard Specification for Carbon
Structural Steel
ASTM A48/A48M
(2003; R 2012) Standard Specification for
Gray Iron Castings
ASTM A53/A53M
(2012) Standard Specification for Pipe,
Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated,
Welded and Seamless
ASTM B111/B111M
(2011) Standard Specification for Copper
and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes
and Ferrule Stock
ASTM B88
(2014) Standard Specification for Seamless
Copper Water Tube
ASTM B88M
(2013) Standard Specification for Seamless
Copper Water Tube (Metric)
ASTM D1047
(2011) Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Jacket for
Wire and Cable
ASTM D396
(2015b) Standard Specification for Fuel
Oils
ASTM F1007
(1986; R 2014) Pipeline Expansion Joints
of the Packed Slip Type for Marine
Application
ASTM F1120
(1987; R 2015) Standard Specification for
Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion
Joints for Piping Applications
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 16
FM GLOBAL (FM)
FM DS 12-17
(2001) Watertube Boilers
INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL (ICC)
ICC UBC
(1997; Erratas Vol 1, 2 & 3 01/2001; Vol 1
& 2 03/2001; Vol 2 10/2001) Uniform
Building Code
MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE AND FITTINGS
INDUSTRY (MSS)
MSS SP-58
(1993; Reaffirmed 2010) Pipe Hangers and
Supports - Materials, Design and
Manufacture, Selection, Application, and
Installation
MSS SP-69
(2003; Notice 2012) Pipe Hangers and
Supports - Selection and Application (ANSI
Approved American National Standard)
MSS SP-70
(2011) Gray Iron Gate Valves, Flanged and
Threaded Ends
MSS SP-80
(2013) Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle and Check
Valves
MSS SP-85
(2011) Gray Iron Globe & Angle Valves
Flanged and Threaded Ends
NATIONAL BOARD OF BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL INSPECTORS (NBBI)
NBBI NB-27
(1991) National Board Rules and
Recommendations for the Design and
Construction of Boiler Blowoff Systems
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)
NEMA MG 1
(2014) Motors and Generators
NEMA SM 23
(1991; R 2002) Steam Turbines for
Mechanical Drive Service
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)
NFPA 54
(2015) National Fuel Gas Code
NFPA 70
(2014; AMD 1 2013; Errata 1 2013; AMD 2
2013; Errata 2 2013; AMD 3 2014; Errata
3-4 2014; AMD 4-6 2014) National
Electrical Code
NFPA 85
(2015; Errata 1 2015) Boiler and
Combustion Systems Hazards Code
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 17
23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS
40 17 26.00 20 WELDED PRESSURE PIPING
22 00 00 PLUMBING SYSTEMS
23 51 43.01 20 MECHANICAL CYCLONE DUST COLLECTOR OF FLUE GAS
PARTICULATES
23 51 43.03 20 FABRIC FILTER DUST COLLECTOR OF FLYASH PARTICULATES IN
FLUE GAS
VAMS 23 09 53.00 20 CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTATION BOILER PLANT
1.3
DEFINITIONS
a.
Standard Commercial Product: A product which has been sold or is being
currently offered for sale on the commercial market through
advertisements or manufacturer's catalogs, or brochures, and represents
the latest production model.
b.
System Supplier: A manufacturer, fabricator, erector, corporation or
firm that regularly is employed in the design, fabrication, erection,
or erection supervision, testing and startup of systems comparable in
size and type to those specified and indicated. The system supplier
shall arrange the equipment selected, design the equipment
interconnections, produce related shop drawings, supervise the
erection, and start up and test the equipment.
1.4
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
1.4.1
Design Requirements
1.4.1.1
Boiler
Boiler design and service conditions:
a.
Design pressure:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
b.
Operating pressure:
c.
Steam temperature:
d.
Feedwater temperature:
e.
Site elevation:
f.
Ambient air temperatures:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] degrees C F
[_____] degrees C F
[_____] meters feet
(1) Minimum:
[_____] degrees C F
(2) Maximum:
[_____] degrees C F
g.
Maximum continuous output (steam):
[_____] kg/sec lb/hr
h.
Minimum continuous output (steam):
smoking)
[_____] kg/sec lb/hr (without
i.
Continuous blowdown:
[_____] percent
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 20
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Regarding the text below, the specified
efficiency for the boiler at maximum continuous load
shall be not less than 80 percent for coal and 82
percent for oil. If an economizer is used, use 82
and 84 percent respectively for coal and oil
firing. Depending on the particular application and
fuel used, these efficiencies could be higher.
**************************************************************************
j.
Efficiency at maximum continuous rating [includes economizer]
(1) Coal:
(2) [Oil]:
1.4.1.2
[_____] percent
[_____] percent
Economizer
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Economizers shall be specified for all
boilers with operating pressure greater than 345 kPa
(gage) 50 psig and a capacity of 2 1/4 kg/sec 18,000
pounds per hour and larger. For boilers from 1/2 to
2/14 kg/sec 4,000 to 18,000 pounds per hour the
designer shall make the decision based upon a
specific economic analysis. This paragraph shall be
included as applicable.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Unless a coal or a fuel oil to be burned has
an uncommon tendency to foul tubes, finned tube
economizers should be suitable for both fuels.
Feedwater temperatures should be 110 degrees C 230
degrees F when sulphur (S) content of oil is 0.5
percent; 116 degrees C 240 degrees F, S=1.5 percent
- 2 percent; 121 degrees C 250 degrees F, S=2.0
percent - 2.7 percent. Where fuels having more than
1.5 percent sulfur content are to be fired, finned
tubes shall not be used unless they are steel tubes
covered with cast iron finned casing.
**************************************************************************
a.
Design pressure:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
b.
Operating pressure:
c.
Fuel:
d.
Specific heat of the flue gas:
degrees F
e.
Feedwater flow:
f.
Flue gas temperature entering economizer:
g.
Flue gas temperature leaving economizer:
Coal [and No.:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] fuel oil]
[_____] kJ/kg - degrees C Btu/lb -
[_____] L/s gpm
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
[_____] degrees C F
[_____] degrees C F
Page 21
Formability and Ultra-High Strength
ASTM A106/A106M
(2014) Standard Specification for Seamless
Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature
Service
ASTM A193/A193M
(2015a) Standard Specification for
Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting
Materials for High-Temperature Service and
Other Special Purpose Applications
ASTM A194/A194M
(2015a) Standard Specification for Carbon
and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for
High-Pressure or High-Temperature Service,
or Both
ASTM A211
(1975; R 1985) Specification for
Spiral-Welded Steel or Iron Pipe
ASTM A242/A242M
(2013) Standard Specification for
High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel
ASTM A312/A312M
(2015) Standard Specification for
Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked
Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes
ASTM A36/A36M
(2014) Standard Specification for Carbon
Structural Steel
ASTM A48/A48M
(2003; R 2012) Standard Specification for
Gray Iron Castings
ASTM A53/A53M
(2012) Standard Specification for Pipe,
Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated,
Welded and Seamless
ASTM B111/B111M
(2011) Standard Specification for Copper
and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes
and Ferrule Stock
ASTM B88
(2014) Standard Specification for Seamless
Copper Water Tube
ASTM B88M
(2013) Standard Specification for Seamless
Copper Water Tube (Metric)
ASTM D1047
(2011) Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Jacket for
Wire and Cable
ASTM D396
(2015b) Standard Specification for Fuel
Oils
ASTM F1007
(1986; R 2014) Pipeline Expansion Joints
of the Packed Slip Type for Marine
Application
ASTM F1120
(1987; R 2015) Standard Specification for
Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion
Joints for Piping Applications
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 16
FM GLOBAL (FM)
FM DS 12-17
(2001) Watertube Boilers
INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL (ICC)
ICC UBC
(1997; Erratas Vol 1, 2 & 3 01/2001; Vol 1
& 2 03/2001; Vol 2 10/2001) Uniform
Building Code
MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE AND FITTINGS
INDUSTRY (MSS)
MSS SP-58
(1993; Reaffirmed 2010) Pipe Hangers and
Supports - Materials, Design and
Manufacture, Selection, Application, and
Installation
MSS SP-69
(2003; Notice 2012) Pipe Hangers and
Supports - Selection and Application (ANSI
Approved American National Standard)
MSS SP-70
(2011) Gray Iron Gate Valves, Flanged and
Threaded Ends
MSS SP-80
(2013) Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle and Check
Valves
MSS SP-85
(2011) Gray Iron Globe & Angle Valves
Flanged and Threaded Ends
NATIONAL BOARD OF BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL INSPECTORS (NBBI)
NBBI NB-27
(1991) National Board Rules and
Recommendations for the Design and
Construction of Boiler Blowoff Systems
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)
NEMA MG 1
(2014) Motors and Generators
NEMA SM 23
(1991; R 2002) Steam Turbines for
Mechanical Drive Service
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)
NFPA 54
(2015) National Fuel Gas Code
NFPA 70
(2014; AMD 1 2013; Errata 1 2013; AMD 2
2013; Errata 2 2013; AMD 3 2014; Errata
3-4 2014; AMD 4-6 2014) National
Electrical Code
NFPA 85
(2015; Errata 1 2015) Boiler and
Combustion Systems Hazards Code
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 17
SOCIETY FOR PROTECTIVE COATINGS (SSPC)
SSPC PS 11.01
(1982; E 2004) Black (or Dark Red) Coal
Tar Epoxy Polyamide Painting System
SSPC SP 10/NACE No. 2
(2007) Near-White Blast Cleaning
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD)
MIL-STD-101
(2014; Rev C) Color Code for Pipelines and
for Compressed Gas Cylinders
MIL-T-19646
(1990; Rev A) Thermometer, Gas Actuated,
Remote Reading
U.S. FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION (FAA)
FAA AC 150/5345-43
(2006; Rev F) Specification for
Obstruction Lighting Equipment
U.S. GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION (GSA)
CID A-A-50555
(Basic) Pumping Units, Sewage, Duplex,
Centrifugal, Automatic Wet-Pit Type
CID A-A-50558
(Basic; Notice 1) Valves, Pressure
Regulating, Steam
CID A-A-50562
(Basic) Pump Units, Centrifugal, Water,
Horizontal; General Service and
Boiler-Feed: Electric-Motor or
Steam-Turbine-Driven
CID A-A-59222
(Basic; Notice 1) Fans, Centrifugal,
Draft, Forced and Induced
CID A-A-59224
(Basic; Notice 2) Meters, Fluid Quantity
Volumetric
CID A-A-60001
(Rev A) Traps, Steam
FS F-B-2902
(Basic; Notice 1) Boilers, Steam Watertube
(Bent Tube, Multi-Drum and Cross Drum)
Packaged Type (10,000,000 to 125,000,000
BTU/HR Thermal Output Capacity)
FS F-B-2910
(Basic) Burners, Single Oil, Gas, and
Gas-Oil Combination for Packaged Boilers
(320,001 to 125,000,000 BTU/HR Thermal
Output Capacity)
FS F-F-351
(Rev F; Notice 1) Filters and Filter
Elements, Fluid Pressure: Lubricating
Oil, Bypass and Full Flow
FS W-H-2904
(Basic; Notice 1) Heaters, Fluid,
Deaerating (For Water Only) 1,000 to
1,600,000 Pounds Per Hour Capacity
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 18
FS WW-S-2739
(Basic; Notice 1) Strainers, Sediment:
Pipeline, Water, Air, Gas, Oil, or Steam
FS XX-C-2816
(Basic; Notice 1) Compressor, Air,
Reciprocating or Rotary, Electric Motor
Driven, Stationary, 10 HP and Larger
U.S. NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION (NARA)
29 CFR 1910-SUBPART D
Walking - Working Surfaces
29 CFR 1910-SUBPART Q
Welding, Cutting, and Brazing
U.S. NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND (NAVFAC)
NAVFAC MO 324
(1992) Inspection and Certification of
Boilers and Unfired Pressure Vessels
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)
UL 296
(2003; Reprint Jun 2015) Oil Burners
UL 726
(1995; Reprint Oct 2013) Oil-Fired Boiler
Assemblies
UL 795
(2011; Reprint Nov 2013) Standard for
Commercial-Industrial Gas Heating Equipment
WATER QUALITY ASSOCIATION (WQA)
WQA S-100
1.2
(2000) Standard for Household, Commercial
and Portable Exchange Water Softeners
RELATED REQUIREMENTS
The following guide specification sections apply to this section with the
additions and modifications as stated in the paragraph cited:
01 78 23 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE DATA
03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE
05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL
09 97 13.15 LOW VOC POLYSULFIDE INTERIOR COATINGS FOR WELDED STEEL
PETROLEUM FUEL TANKS
09 97 13.28 PROTECTION OF BURIED STEEL PIPING AND BULKHEAD TIE RODS
09 90 00 PAINTS AND COATINGS
21 13 13.00 20 WET PIPE SPRINKLER SYSTEM, FIRE PROTECTION
41 22 13.13 BRIDGE CRANES
23 03 00.00 20 BASIC MECHANICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS
22 05 48.00 20 MECHANICAL SOUND VIBRATION AND SEISMIC CONTROL
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 19
(d) Sulfur:
[_____] percent
(e) Moisture:
[_____] percent
(f) Nitrogen:
[_____] percent
(g) Oxygen:
[_____] percent
(8) Ash Analysis
(a) Carbon:
(b) Calcium:
1.4.1.11
[_____] percent
[_____] percent
Deaerating Heater
a.
Design pressure:
207 kPa (gage) 30 psig
b.
Normal steam operating pressure:
c.
Maximum steam operating pressure:
d.
Capacity (minimum):
e.
Inlet Conditions at Heater:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] kg/sec lb/hr of feedwater
Maximum
Pressure
kPa(gage)
Temperature Range
Degrees C
Flow Rate
kg/sec
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(2) High pressure trap
returns
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(3)
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
Maximum
Pressure
psig
Temperature Range
Degrees F
Flow Rate
lb/hr
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(2) High pressure trap
returns
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(3)
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(1)
(1)
Condensate return
Makeup water (softened)
Condensate return
Makeup water (softened)
f.
Outlet temperature of feedwater from heater at design capacity: [_____]
degrees C F
g.
Heating steam pressure:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 28
TABLE 1: MAKEUP WATER ANALYSIS
Anions
Bicarbonate (HCO3 -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Carbonate (CO3 --)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Hydroxide (OH -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Sulfate (SO4 --)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Chloride (Cl -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Phosphate PO4 ---)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Nitrate (NO3 -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
as CaCO3
[_____]
Total hardness
as CaCO3
[_____]
Methyl orange alkalinity
as CaCO3
[_____]
Phenolphthalein
alkalinity
as CaCO3
[_____]
Iron, total
as Fe
[_____]
Carbon dioxide
as Free CO2
[_____]
Silica
as SiO2
[_____]
TOTAL
ANIONS
b.
Suspended solids
(Turbidity)
[_____]
Total dissolved solids
(TDS)
[_____]
Free acids
[_____]
Color
[_____]
pH
[_____]
Specific Conductance
Microhms/cm
[_____]
Softener Effluent Analysis:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Total solids of 175 ppm in the feedwater
concentrated 20 times give 3,500 ppm in the boiler
water.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 30
(1) Hardness: Maintain hardness of softened feedwater near zero and
in no case allow it to exceed 1.0 part per million (ppm) as CaCO3.
(2) Total Solids: Maintain total solids in softened feedwater at a
level to ensure a total solids concentration in the boiler water
of less than 3,500 ppm without excessive blowdown.
1.4.2
Detail Drawings
1.4.2.1
Steam Generating Unit
Submit steam generating unit (boiler) manufacturer's drawing for the
following:
a.
Refractory details, expansion joints;
b.
Certified outline, general arrangement (setting plan), and anchor bolt
detail drawings including foundation loading diagrams;
c.
Plans and elevations detailing piping connections;
d.
Detailed dimensional drawings of auxiliaries furnished with unit;
e.
Piping schematics for auxiliaries, such as sootblowers or hydraulic
stoker drives (when used);
f.
Shop fabrication details of boiler/furnace: Including details showing
tubing, spacing, radii, dimensions, and gage; sections through walls
and expansion joints showing refractory construction and replacement
details; internal and external dimensions of boiler;
g.
Wiring diagrams for subsystems;
h.
Economizer and economizer inlet breeching;
i.
Sootblowers;
j.
Auxiliaries furnished with boilers;
k.
Forced draft fan, drives and ductwork;
l.
Induced draft fan, drives and ductwork;
m.
Structural steel and loading diagrams; and
n.
Overfire air fan system.
1.4.2.2
Boiler Room Auxiliary Equipment
Include equipment arrangements, wiring diagrams, piping diagrams and
details of valves and piping. Submit descriptive information for each item
on the drawings.
a.
Water softening equipment;
b.
Brine storage tank;
c.
Condensate receiver;
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 31
Fuel oil:
(6)
[_____] degrees C F
Test pressures
Shop test:
[_____] Pa inches water
(7)
Thermal efficiency of stack:
(8)
Stack friction, max. at design condition:
(9)
Stack height
Ground elevation:
Roof elevation:
Stack height:
96 to 98 percent
[_____] Pa inches water
[_____] m ft
[_____] m ft
[_____] m ft
Foundation or footing elevation:
(10) Wind pressure:
[_____] m ft
[_____] kg/m2 psf
(11) Wind velocity, gusting:
[_____] km/hr mph
(12) Stack Diameter, min. (below exit cone):
[_____] mm inches
(13) Max. stack deflection (from vertical center line):
inches
(14) Soil bearing stress, maximum:
(15) Seismic zone:
1.4.1.6
[_____] mm
[_____] kg/m2 psf
[_____]
Fuel Oil Pump
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The values enclosed in brackets are for No. 6
low sulfur fuel oil. Adjust values to suit fuel oil
used if other than No. 6.
Tabulated pump data is included in the
specifications but it is preferred that such
information to be shown on the drawings instead.
**************************************************************************
a.
Transfer pumps (for fuel oil tank truck or railroad tank car unloading
and transfer to tanks):
(1)
Number of assemblies:
[_____]
(2)
Tag numbers:
(3)
Capacity each:
(4)
Suction lift required:
(5)
Discharge pressure:
As indicated
[_____] L/s gpm at 450 ssu
[_____] kPa ft of water
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 23
(6)
Operating temperature: [27 to 54] [_____] to [_____] degrees C
[80 to 130] [_____] to [_____] degrees F
(7)
Viscosity range:
[450 to 5000] [_____ to ____] ssu
(8)
Specific gravity:
(9)
Viscosity at brake power selection point:
[.92 to .99] [_____ to ____]
(10) Maximum pump speed:
(11) Motor kW hp:
(12) Fuel oil:
b.
1750 rpm
[_____]
No. [6, low sulfur] [_____]
Transfer pumps (for fuel oil transfer from tanks to heating plant):
(1)
Number of assemblies:
(2)
Tag numbers:
(3)
Capacity:
(4)
Suction lift required:
(5)
Discharge pressure:
(6)
[_____]
As indicated
[_____] L/s gpm at 450 ssu
[_____] kPa ft of water
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
Operating temperature:
degrees F
[49] [_____] degrees C [120] [_____]
(7)
Viscosity range:
[450 to 3000] [_____] to [_____] ssu
(8)
Specific gravity:
(9)
Viscosity at brake power selection point:
[.92 to .99] [_____] to [_____]
(10) Maximum pump speed:
(11) Motor kW hp:
(12) Fuel oil:
c.
[9000] [_____] ssu
[5000] [_____] ssu
1750 rpm
[_____]
No. [6, low sulfur] [_____]
Fuel oil recirculation pump sets (at remote storage):
(1)
Number of assemblies:
(2)
Tag numbers:
(3)
Capacity:
(4)
Suction lift required:
(5)
Discharge pressure:
(6)
(7)
[_____]
As Indicated
1.60 L/s 25 gpm at 450 ssu
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
Operating temperature:
degrees F
Viscosity range:
[_____] kPa ft of water
[49] [_____] degrees C [120] [_____]
[450 to 3000] [_____] to [_____] ssu
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 24
(8)
Specific gravity:
[.92 to .99] [_____] to [_____]
(9)
Viscosity at brake power selection point:
(10) Maximum pump speed:
(11) Motor kW hp:
(12) Fuel oil:
1.4.1.7
1750 rpm
[_____]
No. [6, low sulfur] [_____]
[Fuel Oil Pump and Heater Set
a.
Capacity each pump and each steam heater:
b.
Suction lift:
c.
Discharge pressure at outlet of heater:
d.
Maximum pump speed:
e.
Specific gravity range:
f.
Viscosity at brake power selection point:
g.
Viscosity range:
h.
Oil temperature at inlet of heater:
i.
Oil temperature at outlet of heater:
j.
Maximum oil pressure drop through heater:
k.
Heating medium:
l.
Steam pressure available:
m.
Steam temperature:
n.
Heater type:
1.4.1.8
[5000] [_____] ssu
[_____] L/s gpm
[_____] kPa ft of water
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
1750 rpm
[.92 to .99] [_____] to [_____]
5000
ssu
[500 to 5000] [_____] to [_____] ssu
[_____] degrees C F
[_____] degrees C F
[_____] kPa psi
Steam
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] degrees C F
[Bare Tube] [Extended Surface]]
Electric Startup Heater
a.
Oil temperature at inlet of heater:
b.
Oil temperature at outlet of heater:
c.
Maximum oil pressure drop through heater:
d.
Capacity of heater:
e.
Heating power supply at three phase, 60 Hz:
f.
Control power supply 120 volts, single phase, 60 Hz
1.4.1.9
a.
[_____] degrees C F
[_____] degrees C F
[_____] kPa psi
[_____] L/s gpm
[_____] volts
Ash Handling System (Pneumatic)
Capacity:
(1) Ash Handling System:
Estimated capacities at maximum plant output
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 25
are listed below; ash handling system capacity shall be sized for
twice the amounts listed.
[_____] Mg tons per hour for fly ash
[_____] Mg tons per hour for bottom ash at the farthest ash intake
from the exhauster
[_____] Mg tons per hour in main ash line leaving the boiler house
(minimum).
(2) Ash silo: Storage capacity of ash silo is specified in the
paragraph ASH STORAGE SILO.
(3) Rotary unloader:
b.
[_____] Mg tons per hour
General Data
(1) Available water pressure:
(2) Available air pressure:
(3) Seismic Zone:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____]
(4) Wind Velocity (Gusts):
(5) Altitude of plant:
[_____] km/hr mph
[_____] m ft
(6) Steam rating of plant:
[_____] kg/sec lb/hr
(a) Maximum continuous rating of boiler No. 1 [_____] kg/sec lb/hr
(b) Maximum continuous rating of boiler No. 2 [_____] kg/sec lb/hr
[
(c) Maximum continuous rating of boiler No. 3 [_____] kg/sec lb/hr
][
(d) Maximum continuous rating of boiler No. 4 [_____] kg/sec lb/hr
]
(7) Coal Analysis
(a) Ash:
[_____] percent
(b) Carbon:
(c) Hydrogen:
[_____] percent
(d) Sulfur:
[_____] percent
[_____] percent
(e) Moisture:
[_____] percent
(f) Nitrogen:
[_____] percent
(g) Oxygen:
[_____] percent
(8) Ash Analysis
(a) Carbon:
(b) Calcium:
[_____] percent
[_____] percent
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 26
Grade of Fuel Oil:
Ultimate Analysis (percent by weight)
Carbon
[_____]
Hydrogen
[_____]
Oxygen
[_____]
Nitrogen
[_____]
Sulfur
[_____]
Ash
[_____]
Moisture
[_____]
TOTAL
[_____]
Heating Valve: [_____] kJ/kg Btu per pound
Specific Gravity: [_____] degrees API
Viscosity at burner
[_____] (SSF at 50 degrees C 122 degrees F
[_____] Water and Sediment (percent by volume)
[_____] Flash Point degrees C F
] Submit predicted economizer performance along with and as a part of the
boiler predicted performance.
1.4.4.2
Economizer
Increase in efficiency due to the economizer shall be not less than [_____]
percent at full load. Fully coordinate economizer with the boiler to which
it is to be applied.
1.4.4.3
Oil Burner/Windbox Package
Burner turndown ratio on specified fuel oil shall be not less than eight to
one, with excess air not over 15 percent at full steam load, and excess air
not over 22 percent at 20 percent steam load. [Air flow shall be modulated
through a single set of register louvers.]
1.5
SUBMITTALS
**************************************************************************
The Guide Specification technical editors have
designated those items that require Government
approval, due to their complexity or criticality,
with a "G." Generally, other submittal items can be
reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control
System. Only add a "G" to an item, if the submittal
is sufficiently important or complex in context of
the project.
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 37
(d) Sulfur:
[_____] percent
(e) Moisture:
[_____] percent
(f) Nitrogen:
[_____] percent
(g) Oxygen:
[_____] percent
(8) Ash Analysis
(a) Carbon:
(b) Calcium:
1.4.1.11
[_____] percent
[_____] percent
Deaerating Heater
a.
Design pressure:
207 kPa (gage) 30 psig
b.
Normal steam operating pressure:
c.
Maximum steam operating pressure:
d.
Capacity (minimum):
e.
Inlet Conditions at Heater:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
[_____] kg/sec lb/hr of feedwater
Maximum
Pressure
kPa(gage)
Temperature Range
Degrees C
Flow Rate
kg/sec
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(2) High pressure trap
returns
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(3)
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
Maximum
Pressure
psig
Temperature Range
Degrees F
Flow Rate
lb/hr
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(2) High pressure trap
returns
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(3)
[_____]
[_____] to [_____]
[_____]
(1)
(1)
Condensate return
Makeup water (softened)
Condensate return
Makeup water (softened)
f.
Outlet temperature of feedwater from heater at design capacity: [_____]
degrees C F
g.
Heating steam pressure:
[_____] kPa (gage) psig
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 28
h.
Heating steam enthalpy:
i.
Storage capacity to overflow of storage tank:
1.4.1.12
[_____] kJ/kg Btu/lb
[_____] liters gallons
Water Softening System
Base the water softening system on the following:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Analysis of the water available for makeup
shall govern the softener system selected. A
competent water treating consultant shall be
obtained to formulate specific system
recommendations if the makeup water analysis
indicates any of the following:
1.
Iron in excess of 0.1 ppm as Fe.
2.
Mg Alkalinity in excess of 50 ppm as CaCO3.
3. Silica in excess of 6 ppm as Si02.
**************************************************************************
a.
Raw Water Analysis: Source of raw water is [_____]. Raw water is
available at pressures of [_____] to [_____] kPa (gage) psig. Analysis
of water available for makeup is approximately as follows:
TABLE 1: MAKEUP WATER ANALYSIS
Cations
TOTAL
CATIONS
Constituent
Analysis
Parts Per
Million (PPM)
Calcium (Ca++)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Magnesium (Mg++)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Sodium (Na+)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Hydrogen (H+)
as CaCO3
[_____]
as CaCO3
[_____]
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 29
TABLE 1: MAKEUP WATER ANALYSIS
Anions
Bicarbonate (HCO3 -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Carbonate (CO3 --)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Hydroxide (OH -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Sulfate (SO4 --)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Chloride (Cl -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Phosphate PO4 ---)
as CaCO3
[_____]
Nitrate (NO3 -)
as CaCO3
[_____]
as CaCO3
[_____]
Total hardness
as CaCO3
[_____]
Methyl orange alkalinity
as CaCO3
[_____]
Phenolphthalein
alkalinity
as CaCO3
[_____]
Iron, total
as Fe
[_____]
Carbon dioxide
as Free CO2
[_____]
Silica
as SiO2
[_____]
TOTAL
ANIONS
b.
Suspended solids
(Turbidity)
[_____]
Total dissolved solids
(TDS)
[_____]
Free acids
[_____]
Color
[_____]
pH
[_____]
Specific Conductance
Microhms/cm
[_____]
Softener Effluent Analysis:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Total solids of 175 ppm in the feedwater
concentrated 20 times give 3,500 ppm in the boiler
water.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 30
1.7.2.1
NOx Emission Regulations
Compliance shall be met using [one] [a combination] of the following:
a.
Low NOx burners
b.
Flue gas recirculation equipment which conforms to UL 795
c.
Other NOx reduction techniques. See Nitrogen oxide control for
stationary combustion sources.
1.8
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
Each assembly of components packaged as a unit shall be of a size that can
be transported by common carrier without disassembly insofar as shipping
clearances are concerned.
1.9
EXTRA MATERIALS
Furnish a spare set of refractory bricks for each railroad hopper car
thawing system.
PART 2
2.1
PRODUCTS
PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
For products in this section, where applicable and to extent allowed by
performance criteria, provide and document the following:
2.1.1
Energy Efficient Equipment for Boilers
Provide boiler(s) meeting the efficiency requirements as stated within this
section and provide documentation in conformance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph ENERGY EFFICIENT EQUIPMENT.
2.2
MATERIALS
Provide materials free of defects which would adversely affect the
performance or maintainability of individual components or of the overall
assembly. Materials not specified shall be of the same quality used for
the intended purpose in commercial practice. Unless otherwise specified,
equipment, material, and articles incorporated in the work covered by this
specification shall be new.
2.2.1
Identical Items
Provide physically and mechanically identical boilers and equipment of the
same classification, size or capacity to permit the interchangeability of
replacement parts. This requirement includes parts, assemblies,
components, and accessories. Parts provided on the same type unit
regardless of size and identifiable by identical part numbers shall be
functionally and dimensionally interchangeable. No deviation is acceptable
without prior written approval of the Contracting Officer.
2.3
BOILER
[Coal/Oil] [Coal] Fired.
the following:
Submit steam generating unit (boiler) data for
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 44
a.
Safety valve calculation sheets;
b.
Boiler predicated performance data, and
c.
Economizer predicted efficiency calculations.
2.3.1
Packaged Watertube Boiler
Provide Type I boiler conforming to FS F-B-2902 except as modified below.
Provide lifting attachments.
2.3.2
Operational Requirements
Boiler shall be capable of operating continuously at the maximum specified
conditions without damage or deterioration to the boiler, settings, firing
equipment or auxiliaries. Boiler shall be capable of automatically
controlled operation while burning the specified fuel[s].
2.3.3
Tubes
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use this paragraph if tube diameters larger
than specified in FS F-B-2902 are desired and insert
minimum acceptable diameter.
**************************************************************************
Boiler and furnace tubes shall be not less than [_____] mm inches in
outside diameter. Furnace tubes and first two rows of main boiler bank
shall be one gage heavier than other tubes.
2.3.4
Boiler Trim
Fitting, drain valves, drain piping, feed piping, pressure gages, feed
valves, stop valves, check valves, safety valves, and remaining
appurtenances shall comply with applicable requirements of the ASME Boiler
and Pressure Vessel Code. Components shall conform to the following:
2.3.4.1
Boiler Blowoff Valves
Provide flanged [Class 250 cast iron] [Class 300 cast steel] body,
seatless, sliding plunger type valves mounted in tandem at each boiler
blowoff connection.
2.3.4.2
Steel Gate, Globe and Angle Valves
ASME B16.34.
2.3.4.3
Safety, Relief, and Safety Relief Valves
ASME BPVC SEC I.
2.3.4.4
Steam Gage
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select gage scale to operate within the
middle third of range.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 45
Provide a 300 mm 12 inch diameter indicating steam gage with chromium
plated trim and zero to [_____] kPa (gage) psig scale. Gage shall be
complete with syphon, valve, piping, and fittings to properly connect
same. Gage shall be flush mounted on a 368 mm square by 5 mm 14 1/2 inch
square by 3/16 inch thick steel plate. Provide plugged tee connection for
connection to remote steam gage.
2.3.4.5
Water Column
Provide a safety water column with high and low water alarm suitable for
the design pressure of the boiler. Column shall be complete with
three-chain-operated gage cocks, heavy duty inclined gage glass, and
quick-closing water gage valves having cross leavers and chains operated
from floor. Gage glass shall be readable from any point directly below
unit. Make connections to water column from boiler with extra strong steel
pipe and forged steel fittings. Provide crosses instead of tees or elbows,
with screwed plugs in open ends. Terminate bottom of water column and
water column gage glass with plug-type valves accessible from operating
floor. Provide screwed plugged connections in water column piping for
remote level indicator. Provide gate valves immediately below water column
and gage glass. Provide a suitable lamp fixture to illuminate water column.
2.3.4.6
Safety Valves
Provide not less than [_____] cast steel or cast iron body high capacity
safety valves to give a total steam relieving capacity in accordance with
the ASME BPVC SEC I requirements as to total boiler and water wall heating
surface. Valves shall be set with a set pressure of [_____] kPa (gage) psig,
[[_____] kPa (gage) psig] [, [_____] kPa (gage) psig] [and [_____] kPa
(gage) psig] respectively.
Valves shall have flanged inlet and outlet
connections.
2.3.4.7
Non-Return Valve
Provide a non-return valve on each boiler steam outlet. Valve shall be a
stop check angle body valve, flanged, [Class 250 cast iron] [Class 300
steel] body with handwheel shutoff, pressure operated disc and external
equalizer. Assembly for manual operation shall be outside screw and yoke
type.
2.3.4.8
Blowoff Connections
Bottom drum blowoff connection on boiler shall be [_____] mm inch diameter
and extended to outside of setting terminating with tandem flanged blowoff
valves as specified above. Boiler water wall blowoff connections and
economizer inlet pipe blowoff shall be 40 mm 1 1/2 inch diameter and
extended to outside of setting and equipped with same type valves. Provide
stop valves for water column blowoff connections. Boiler blowoff
connections shall conform to the applicable requirements of ASME BPVC SEC I,
Part PG-59.
2.3.4.9
Miscellaneous Stop Valves
Provide stop valves near boiler for each connection to boiler; include
valves for soot blowers, chemical feed, vent, continuous blowoff, and
required drains.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 46
handling system;
b.
Dimensional equipment and fabrication drawings, including equipment
weights, equipment locations, support details, and anchor bolt
arrangements for items and equipment specified under the paragraph COAL
HANDLING EQUIPMENT;
c.
Control panel, coal presence indicators, and equipment response switch
details; and
d.
Control schematic diagrams and complete wiring diagrams.
1.4.2.8
Fuel Oil Equipment
Manufacturer's standard size for pumps, pump curves, valves, strainers and
pump wiring and include the following:
a.
Certified outline and general arrangement drawings;
b.
Certified pump curves;
c.
Equipment detail sheets including viscosity controller, heater and
valves;
d.
Electrical wiring diagrams; and
e.
Oil tanks, foundations, tank heaters, appurtenances, water drawoff and
level indication.
1.4.2.9
Piping and Specialty Items
Manufacturer's standard size and include the following:
a.
Details of valves and fittings;
b.
Feedwater regulator details and schematics;
c.
Details and schematics of feedwater automatic recirculation; and
d.
Installation details for ball expansion joints for saturated steam
piping including allowable angular flex and minimum offset dimensions.
1.4.2.10
Furnishing Approved Drawings
Furnish one reproducible mylar shop drawing of each approved drawing sheet
to the Contracting Officer for the following items:
a.
Boiler layout, foundations, construction and details including
economizers, and auxiliaries;
b.
Breeching layout, construction and details;
c.
Burner control and flame safety schematics;
d.
Burner details;
e.
Wiring diagrams;
f.
Fuel tanks, foundations and appurtenances;
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 34
g.
Feedwater automatic recirculation system;
h.
Piping schematics;
i.
Control diagram schematics including control panel construction and
layouts;
j.
Coal handling system;
k.
Stoker details; and
l.
Ash handling system.
1.4.3
Posted Operating Instructions
Provide posted operating instructions for each piece of equipment installed.
1.4.4
Performance Requirements
1.4.4.1
Boiler
Efficiency listed for coal burning shall be based on stoker firing with
[_____] percent excess air. [Efficiency for fuel oil firing shall be based
on [_____] percent excess air.] Efficiency shall allow for [_____] percent
continuous blowdown and 1.5 percent unaccounted losses and manufacturer's
margin. Base boiler performance on burning fuels in accordance with the
Coal Analysis [and Fuel Oil Analysis] listed below.
a.
Coal Analysis
(1) Ultimate Analysis (percent by weight)
Carbon
[_____]
Hydrogen
[_____]
Oxygen
[_____]
Nitrogen
[_____]
Sulfur
[_____]
Ash
[_____]
Moisture
[_____]
TOTAL
[_____]
(2) Proximate Analysis (percent by weight)
Moisture
[_____]
Volatile Matter
[_____]
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 35
Fixed Carbon
[_____]
Ash
[_____]
TOTAL
[_____]
(3) Coal Characteristics:
Heating Value:
[_____] kJ/kg Btu per pound
Ash Softening Temperature Reducing:
Oxidizing: [_____] Degrees C F
[_____] degrees C F,
Free Swelling Index (Coke Button):
Size: 32 by 19 mm (percent): [_____]; 19 by 6.35 mm (percent):
[_____]; 6.35 by zero mm (percent): [_____]Size: 1 1/4 by 3/4
inch (percent): [_____]; 3/4 by 1/4 inch (percent): [_____]; 1/4
by zero inch (percent): [_____]
(4) Coal Variations: Due to periodic changes in coal suppliers,
boiler and stoker combination shall be designed to burn coal
within the following limits (percent by weight unless indicated
otherwise):
Minimum
Maximum
Ash
[_____]
[_____]
Sulfur
[_____]
[_____]
Hydrogen
[_____]
[_____]
Carbon
[_____]
[_____]
Moisture
[_____]
[_____]
Nitrogen
[_____]
[_____]
Oxygen
[_____]
[_____]
kJ per kg Btu per pound
[_____]
[_____]
Ash softening temperature
[_____]
[_____]
Volatile matter
[_____]
[_____]
Fixed carbon
[_____]
[_____]
[ b.
Fuel Oil Analysis
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use Fuel Oil Analysis Schedule only if fuel
oil burners are used.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 36
Grade of Fuel Oil:
Ultimate Analysis (percent by weight)
Carbon
[_____]
Hydrogen
[_____]
Oxygen
[_____]
Nitrogen
[_____]
Sulfur
[_____]
Ash
[_____]
Moisture
[_____]
TOTAL
[_____]
Heating Valve: [_____] kJ/kg Btu per pound
Specific Gravity: [_____] degrees API
Viscosity at burner
[_____] (SSF at 50 degrees C 122 degrees F
[_____] Water and Sediment (percent by volume)
[_____] Flash Point degrees C F
] Submit predicted economizer performance along with and as a part of the
boiler predicted performance.
1.4.4.2
Economizer
Increase in efficiency due to the economizer shall be not less than [_____]
percent at full load. Fully coordinate economizer with the boiler to which
it is to be applied.
1.4.4.3
Oil Burner/Windbox Package
Burner turndown ratio on specified fuel oil shall be not less than eight to
one, with excess air not over 15 percent at full steam load, and excess air
not over 22 percent at 20 percent steam load. [Air flow shall be modulated
through a single set of register louvers.]
1.5
SUBMITTALS
**************************************************************************
The Guide Specification technical editors have
designated those items that require Government
approval, due to their complexity or criticality,
with a "G." Generally, other submittal items can be
reviewed by the Contractor's Quality Control
System. Only add a "G" to an item, if the submittal
is sufficiently important or complex in context of
the project.
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 37
reducing valve and controls as required.
2.6.1.3
Electric Ignition System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Natural gas pilot ignition system may be
considered only when natural gas is available at the
site.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
below, NATURAL GAS PILOT IGNITION SYSTEM.
**************************************************************************
Burner shall be equipped with an electric ignition system. System shall be
either high energy ignition or glow rod type. Gas ignition system is not
acceptable. High energy ignition system shall use stored energy to develop
2000 Vdc pulses. Glow rod system shall use a low voltage, carbon rod
electrode which develops a tip temperature of 1427 degrees C 2600 degrees F.
Provide ignition system complete.
2.6.1.4
Natural Gas Pilot Ignition System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Natural gas pilot ignition system may be
considered only when natural gas is available at the
site.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
above, ELECTRIC IGNITION SYSTEM.
**************************************************************************
Provide a complete interrupted type natural gas-fired, spark ignited pilot
system for the burner assembly. Combustion air supply shall be from the
burner windbox. Lighting system shall have capacity to stabilize firing
during startup periods. Lighter shall be arranged for easy removal and
servicing while boiler is in operation. Furnish igniter complete with
spark rod and power pack. Power pack shall operate on 120 volt, 60 cycle,
single phase power. Provide gas piping, to one point of supply, including
necessary gas pressure regulators. Igniter system shall include controls,
gages, flame safety systems, interlocks and accessories to comply with
Industrial Risk Insurers' (I.R.I.) (formerly F.I.A.) requirements and
applicable codes and regulations.
2.6.1.5
Windbox
Construct of carbon steel plate not less than 10 gage thickness with 6 mm
1/4 inch thick front plate. Design windbox to provide even and uniform air
entrance into the burner register and seal weld to the boiler front wall.
Provide windbox with support legs.
2.6.1.6
Purge Connection
Provide [steam] [air] purge connection, properly valved, for purging oil
from gun prior to removal from burner.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 54
2.6.1.7
Aspirating System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Provide aspirating system only for boilers in
which the expected furnace pressure exceeds 1245 Pa
5 inches water.
**************************************************************************
Provide an air aspirating system for fuel oil atomizer guide pipes to
prevent blowback of hot furnace gases. Aspirating system shall use
approximately [_____] L/s scfm of [_____] kPa (gage) psig compressed air.
2.6.1.8
Piping
Provide piping and flexible hoses for guide pipe purge [and aspirating]
system[s]. Air from forced draft fan shall be used for guide pipe purging
during normal operation.
2.6.1.9
Metal Parts
Metal parts exposed to radiant heat, including atomizer shield, shall be of
stainless steel or other approved alloy.
2.6.1.10
Fuel Oil Control Valve
Fuel oil will be supplied at [_____] kPa (gage) psig and [_____] degrees C F
at the inlet of the fuel piping train. Size fuel oil automatic control
valve for 103 kPa 15 psi differential pressure.
2.6.1.11
Fuel
ASTM D396, Grade No. [_____].
2.6.1.12
Burner Blower Fan For Oil Fired Burner
Provide fan fully integrated with and mounted on windbox. Provide an inlet
silencer, when required, to ensure operation at noise level below 85 dBA as
specified in Section 22 05 48.00 20 MECHANICAL SOUND, VIBRATION AND SEISMIC
CONTROL.
2.6.1.13
Electric Motor
Motor shall be [two speed,] [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz, [totally
enclosed, non-ventilated] [totally enclosed, fan cooled], not less than
[_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES.
2.6.2
Flame Safeguard Controls
Provide a complete system of valves, interlocks and controls in accordance
with NFPA 85 and as approved by Factory Mutual Engineering and Research.
2.6.2.1
Fuel Oil Train
Provide fuel oil train consisting of [steam] [air] atomizing oil gun,
auxiliary [steam] [air] atomizing oil gun for changing guns without a
shutdown, fuel oil control valve, two safety shutoff valves, recirculation
valve, strainer, and flexible hose connections to oil burner. Provide low
oil pressure and low atomizing air pressure switches, and all other safety
interlocks and devices as required. Provide in panel mounted on burner
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 55
package the following gages. Gages shall be 150 mm 6 inch with white
coated dials and black figures:
a.
Fuel oil supply pressure (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig)
b.
Fuel oil pressure at burner (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig)
[ c.
Atomizing air pressure at burner (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig)
][d.
Atomizing steam pressure at burner (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig).
]2.6.2.2
Control Sequencing
Flame safeguard system shall be designed to ensure safe purge, light-off
and shutdown procedures, and to monitor light-off, main flame and boiler
operating conditions.
[ a.
Flame safeguard system shall be automatically sequenced type with
programming timed and sequenced by a heavy duty, industrial type
timer. Timer shall be tamper-proof and shall be designed so that
advancement of timer to shorten purge will shut down unit.
] b.
Provide system with [ultraviolet] [infrared] scanner and electronic
relay located in the front wall which will shut down the fuel within 2
to 4 seconds of loss of flame.
c.
Provide scanner output meter in panel for indication of scanner signal
strength.
d.
Safety system shall include the following limit devices incorporated
into a limit circuit:
(1) Flame failure
(2) High boiler outlet pressure
(3) Low fuel oil pressure
(4) Low water level cutout
(5) Low combustion air flow
(6) Low atomizing [air] [steam] pressure
(7) Any additional as required by FM or NFPA
[
(8) Low fuel oil temperature
] e.
Safety System Limits: Safety system limits specified above shall be
displayed on a first out annunciator mounted in the burner panel.
[Provide a common alarm contact to be wired to the operator control
console.]
2.6.2.3
Light Off
Failure shall require a manual restart of the programmer. Safety system
shall provide a mandatory purge with forced draft fan vanes proven open,
and a return to proven low fire position before light off. Main fuel valve
shall open for a timed period of 10 seconds during trial for ignition.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 56
2.6.2.4
Circuit Analyzer
Provide a circuit analyzer system, which, by means of 12 or more lights,
will indicate which circuits are energized at any specific time, and will
thereby indicate improperly operating circuits.
2.6.2.5
Control Panel
Programmer, limit control, relays, annunciator, shall be mounted in a [
NEMA MG 1 control panel, modified with fully gasketed doors and panels
mounted on burner package] [control panel as specified under VAMS Section
23 09 53.00 20 SPACE TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEMS].
2.7
FANS
Submit fans and blowers characteristic curves.
2.7.1
Forced Draft Fan (Coal Firing)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall make a technical
evaluation to determine if the coal forced draft fan
should be integrated with the stoker front or
mounted separately on the floor.
**************************************************************************
CID A-A-59222, Type [_____], Class 1, except as specified otherwise.
2.7.1.1
Fan Size
Size fans for complete combustion of fuel at maximum firing rate taking
into account design allowances, corrections for burner pressure drop,
furnace pressure, combustion air temperature, plant elevation, and other
design factors [including allowance for economizer]. After fans have been
sized in accordance with the above, add the following allowances for
momentary overloads and normal deterioration of fans, firing equipment and
boilers to obtain the required test block rating:
a.
Excess volume:
b.
Excess pressure:
2.7.1.2
20 percent
32 percent
Fan Construction
Construct fan wheel of steel. Direction of fan discharge shall be easily
changed at angles of 45 degrees. Provide fan with roller bearings mounted
in pillow blocks. Provide one coat manufacturer's shop prime paint over
interior and exterior of fan and wheel.
2.7.1.3
Electric Motor
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall perform an economic
analysis and make a technical evaluation to
determine if the fan drive motor shall be provided
with variable speed control. Generally variable
speed drives for fans over 7 1/2 kW 10 hp will be
cost effective.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 57
a.
Experience, Responsibility and Certification: Submit to the
Contracting Officer, the required information and experience
certificates within 30 days after award and prior to commencing work on
the site.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Regarding the text below, verify number of
manufacturers' installations operating and years of
operation for boiler, coal handling systems, ash
handling systems, forced draft fan, burner/windbox
package and control systems to avoid an
unnecessarily restrictive experience requirement.
**************************************************************************
b.
Experience Requirements: Boilers and equipment installed within or as
a part of the heating plant shall be of proven designs. Each
manufacturer or system supplier shall be regularly engaged in
designing, fabricating, erecting or erection supervision, testing and
starting up of the equipment or system. Within 30 days after contract
award, or at any time during performance of the contract, if the
Contractor is required to use a different manufacturer or system
supplier from one that was designated previously, through no fault of
the Contractor, the Contractor shall submit certification and other
evidence of acceptable experience from each replacement manufacturer or
system supplier. Such certification shall show that equipment and
systems made or furnished by the manufacturers or system suppliers have
operating characteristics which are substantially similar to the
equipment or systems specified. The certification shall also state
that essentially equivalent equipment or systems supplied by the
manufacturer or system supplier have been successfully installed and
reliably operated in at least [one] [two] [three] installation[s] under
comparable operating conditions for a period of not less than two years.
c.
Information Required: Submit to the Contracting Officer, evidence or
proof of experience required from the equipment manufacturer or system
supplier containing the following information:
(1) List of installations meeting requirements of the paragraph
EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS including detailed description of
equipment furnished for each one;
(2) Owner and location of each installation;
(3) Name and phone number of supervisory person at each installation;
and
(4) Date of Owner acceptance of such installation.
[d. Vertical Fuel Oil Tank Calibration Experience: Submit to the
Contracting Officer evidence or proof that the tank calibration
organization has at least 2 years of prior successful and accurate
experience in calibrating tanks of comparable type and size.]
1.6.6.3
Manufacturer's Installation Approval
Submit manufacturer's installation approval for the following systems and
equipment as specified under the paragraph SYSTEM AND EQUIPMENT
INSTALLATION:
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 42
a.
Steam generating units (boilers) and auxiliary equipment;
b.
Coal handling system;
c.
Ash handling system;
d.
Plant air compressors;
e.
Steam turbines;
f.
Variable speed motor controller; and
g.
[_____].
1.6.6.4
Boiler Inspector's Report
Submit as specified under the paragraph BOILER INSPECTION.
1.6.6.5
System and Equipment Installation
Submit from each system supplier and each manufacturer of the equipment,
written certification that the system and equipment installation is in
accordance with the system supplier's and equipment manufacturer's
instructions and recommendations, that the unit or system has been run,
rotating parts have been dynamically balanced, fluid (including air) flows
have been balanced, instrumentation and controls are properly functioning,
adjusted and have been calibrated, and the equipment or system is ready for
final testing. Certificates shall be submitted before the entire boiler
plant may be given an acceptance test.
[1.6.6.6
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank Calibration
Submit four copies of the certified record.
]1.6.6.7
Backflow Preventer
Submit a Certificate of Full Approval or a current Certificate of Approval
for each design, size, and make of backflow preventer being provided for
the project.
1.7
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
Boiler plant shall comply with all applicable Federal, State, and local
environmental regulations.
1.7.1
Air Permits
Permits for construction and operation of the boiler plant must be obtained
from and/or submitted to the local environmental regulatory agency prior to
the start of construction.
1.7.2
Burner Emission Requirements
The emission requirements shall be met at the maximum required continuous
output. The burner shall meet all applicable environmental rules and
regulations. Emission requirements to be considered are oxides of nitrogen
(NOx), opacity, particulate, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide. Other
emission requirements may be imposed.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 43
1.7.2.1
NOx Emission Regulations
Compliance shall be met using [one] [a combination] of the following:
a.
Low NOx burners
b.
Flue gas recirculation equipment which conforms to UL 795
c.
Other NOx reduction techniques. See Nitrogen oxide control for
stationary combustion sources.
1.8
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
Each assembly of components packaged as a unit shall be of a size that can
be transported by common carrier without disassembly insofar as shipping
clearances are concerned.
1.9
EXTRA MATERIALS
Furnish a spare set of refractory bricks for each railroad hopper car
thawing system.
PART 2
2.1
PRODUCTS
PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
For products in this section, where applicable and to extent allowed by
performance criteria, provide and document the following:
2.1.1
Energy Efficient Equipment for Boilers
Provide boiler(s) meeting the efficiency requirements as stated within this
section and provide documentation in conformance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph ENERGY EFFICIENT EQUIPMENT.
2.2
MATERIALS
Provide materials free of defects which would adversely affect the
performance or maintainability of individual components or of the overall
assembly. Materials not specified shall be of the same quality used for
the intended purpose in commercial practice. Unless otherwise specified,
equipment, material, and articles incorporated in the work covered by this
specification shall be new.
2.2.1
Identical Items
Provide physically and mechanically identical boilers and equipment of the
same classification, size or capacity to permit the interchangeability of
replacement parts. This requirement includes parts, assemblies,
components, and accessories. Parts provided on the same type unit
regardless of size and identifiable by identical part numbers shall be
functionally and dimensionally interchangeable. No deviation is acceptable
without prior written approval of the Contracting Officer.
2.3
BOILER
[Coal/Oil] [Coal] Fired.
the following:
Submit steam generating unit (boiler) data for
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 44
a.
Safety valve calculation sheets;
b.
Boiler predicated performance data, and
c.
Economizer predicted efficiency calculations.
2.3.1
Packaged Watertube Boiler
Provide Type I boiler conforming to FS F-B-2902 except as modified below.
Provide lifting attachments.
2.3.2
Operational Requirements
Boiler shall be capable of operating continuously at the maximum specified
conditions without damage or deterioration to the boiler, settings, firing
equipment or auxiliaries. Boiler shall be capable of automatically
controlled operation while burning the specified fuel[s].
2.3.3
Tubes
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use this paragraph if tube diameters larger
than specified in FS F-B-2902 are desired and insert
minimum acceptable diameter.
**************************************************************************
Boiler and furnace tubes shall be not less than [_____] mm inches in
outside diameter. Furnace tubes and first two rows of main boiler bank
shall be one gage heavier than other tubes.
2.3.4
Boiler Trim
Fitting, drain valves, drain piping, feed piping, pressure gages, feed
valves, stop valves, check valves, safety valves, and remaining
appurtenances shall comply with applicable requirements of the ASME Boiler
and Pressure Vessel Code. Components shall conform to the following:
2.3.4.1
Boiler Blowoff Valves
Provide flanged [Class 250 cast iron] [Class 300 cast steel] body,
seatless, sliding plunger type valves mounted in tandem at each boiler
blowoff connection.
2.3.4.2
Steel Gate, Globe and Angle Valves
ASME B16.34.
2.3.4.3
Safety, Relief, and Safety Relief Valves
ASME BPVC SEC I.
2.3.4.4
Steam Gage
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select gage scale to operate within the
middle third of range.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 45
Provide a 300 mm 12 inch diameter indicating steam gage with chromium
plated trim and zero to [_____] kPa (gage) psig scale. Gage shall be
complete with syphon, valve, piping, and fittings to properly connect
same. Gage shall be flush mounted on a 368 mm square by 5 mm 14 1/2 inch
square by 3/16 inch thick steel plate. Provide plugged tee connection for
connection to remote steam gage.
2.3.4.5
Water Column
Provide a safety water column with high and low water alarm suitable for
the design pressure of the boiler. Column shall be complete with
three-chain-operated gage cocks, heavy duty inclined gage glass, and
quick-closing water gage valves having cross leavers and chains operated
from floor. Gage glass shall be readable from any point directly below
unit. Make connections to water column from boiler with extra strong steel
pipe and forged steel fittings. Provide crosses instead of tees or elbows,
with screwed plugs in open ends. Terminate bottom of water column and
water column gage glass with plug-type valves accessible from operating
floor. Provide screwed plugged connections in water column piping for
remote level indicator. Provide gate valves immediately below water column
and gage glass. Provide a suitable lamp fixture to illuminate water column.
2.3.4.6
Safety Valves
Provide not less than [_____] cast steel or cast iron body high capacity
safety valves to give a total steam relieving capacity in accordance with
the ASME BPVC SEC I requirements as to total boiler and water wall heating
surface. Valves shall be set with a set pressure of [_____] kPa (gage) psig,
[[_____] kPa (gage) psig] [, [_____] kPa (gage) psig] [and [_____] kPa
(gage) psig] respectively.
Valves shall have flanged inlet and outlet
connections.
2.3.4.7
Non-Return Valve
Provide a non-return valve on each boiler steam outlet. Valve shall be a
stop check angle body valve, flanged, [Class 250 cast iron] [Class 300
steel] body with handwheel shutoff, pressure operated disc and external
equalizer. Assembly for manual operation shall be outside screw and yoke
type.
2.3.4.8
Blowoff Connections
Bottom drum blowoff connection on boiler shall be [_____] mm inch diameter
and extended to outside of setting terminating with tandem flanged blowoff
valves as specified above. Boiler water wall blowoff connections and
economizer inlet pipe blowoff shall be 40 mm 1 1/2 inch diameter and
extended to outside of setting and equipped with same type valves. Provide
stop valves for water column blowoff connections. Boiler blowoff
connections shall conform to the applicable requirements of ASME BPVC SEC I,
Part PG-59.
2.3.4.9
Miscellaneous Stop Valves
Provide stop valves near boiler for each connection to boiler; include
valves for soot blowers, chemical feed, vent, continuous blowoff, and
required drains.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 46
2.3.4.10
Tube Cleaner
Provide one tube cleaner suitable for cleaning boiler tubes. Tube cleaner
shall operate on water at 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig pressure. Tube cleaner
shall be complete with one motor, one wrench, one cutter head assembled,
one universal coupling for cutter head, two sets of cutters, two sets of
cutter pins, one set of arm pins, one set of keeper pins, one brush with a
set of refills, one tool box, and two 15 meters 50 foot lengths of heavy
duty hose with 20 mm 3/4 inch diameter pipe connections.
2.3.4.11
Wrenches
Provide special wrenches required for proper maintenance of equipment.
2.3.5
Boiler Limit Interlocks
Provide applicable boiler limit interlocks required by FS F-B-2910 and
connect to effect safety shutdown of the stoker [and oil burners].
Interlocks shall be compatible with and integrated into the control and
instrumentation system.
2.3.6
Sootblowers
Provide boiler [and economizer] with a sootblowing system using [steam]
[compressed air] for removing deposits of soot and fly ash from heat
transfer surfaces. Sootblower elements shall be of a sufficient number and
in a proper location to clean every heat transfer surface susceptible to
soot or fly ash deposition. Fixed position, multi-nozzle rotating elements
may be used in applications where flue gas temperatures do not exceed 982
degrees C 1800 degrees F. Retractable soot blowers shall be provided where
flue gas temperatures exceed 982 degrees C 1800 degrees F.
[2.3.6.1
Fixed Position Soot Blowers (Steam)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this paragraph or the paragraph below,
FIXED POSITION SOOTBLOWERS (AIR PUFF).
**************************************************************************
Steam, fixed position, multi-nozzled, rotating, valve-in-head type with
electric motor operation to permit proper cleaning of heat transfer
surfaces with cam operated valves arranged to automatically open steam
valve through proper arc of rotation. Cams shall be adjustable to give
proper operating arc or shall be specially designed for each location.
Furnish and install soot blowers complete, including valve-in-head blower
heads, wall sleeve bushings, high temperature elements, low temperature
elements, [_____] volt, [_____] Hz, [_____] kW hp motor operators, hand
operated drain valve, with drilled orifice and disc to prevent tight
shutoff, element supports, clamps, bolts, and other required hardware.
Furnish necessary piping and valves including drain lines, shutoff valves,
piping supports and insulation. Weld sootblower piping and fittings. No
screwed piping or fittings will be permitted. Install sootblower elements
with care so that they do not rub on tubes and cause eventual tube
failure. Provide scavenging air connections from forced draft fan where
required to protect blower in non-blowing position. Provide a single
control station containing start and stop pushbuttons and necessary relays
to control motor operators.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 47
][2.3.6.2
Fixed Position Sootblowers (Air Puff)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
above FIXED POSITION SOOTBLOWERS (STEAM).
**************************************************************************
Air puff type, fixed position, multi-nozzled rotating element type complete
with air master controller for each boiler, entirely air-operated and
designed for controlled automatic sequential operation. Units shall be
operated in such a manner that air issues from the element in a series of
sustained high pressure puffs of approximately one second duration each.
During each puff, element shall be rotated through a predetermined and
measured short arc (17 degrees) by means of a ratchet mechanism in the
sootblower head. Between each puff, no air shall flow through blowers and
there shall be sufficient time for system to be restored to full pressure.
When each blowing cycle is complete, the controller shall automatically
stop its operating sequence. Provide sootblowers complete, with wall
sleeve bushings, element supports, clamps, bolts, and other required
hardware. Provide necessary piping and valves, including shutoff valves,
piping, and supports. Sootblower piping and fittings shall have welded
connections. No threaded piping or fittings will be permitted. Install
sootblower elements with care so that they do not rub on tubes and cause
eventual tube failure.
]2.3.6.3
Retractable Sootblowers
Provide in lieu of fixed position type and use where flue gas temperatures
exceed 982 degrees C 1800 degrees F. Sootblowers shall be [air] [electric]
motor operated. Rotation of sootblower shall be continuous from the moment
the lance or element begins to extend. Rotational and translational speeds
shall be independently adjustable by changing sprockets. Sootblowers shall
be complete with heavy steel housing, outside adjustment of nozzle
pressure, alloy element or lance, wall sleeve, supports, and necessary
hardware required for a completely workable system.
2.3.6.4
Sootblower Elements
Provide sootblowers with elements specially designed for use with [steam]
[air]. Elements subjected to temperatures of 482 to 816 degrees C 900 to
1500 degrees F shall be chromium covered extra heavy carbon steel tubing or
a chrome alloy as specified for high temperatures; between 817 to 927
degrees C 1501 to 1700 degrees F, elements shall contain not less than 20
to 23 percent chrome; from 928 to 982 degrees C 1701 to 1800 degrees F, not
less than 24 to 27 percent chrome. Provide a flexible connection between
each head and element.
2.3.6.5
Pushbutton
On the operating floor provide a pushbutton for each boiler for starting
and stopping sootblower system.
2.3.6.6
Control for Sootblowing System
Provide sootblowing system with an automatic programmable control system
which will automatically start and stop each soot blower in programmable
sequence and monitor and display operation of soot blowers. Provide an
override control which will permit manual start-stop operation of
sootblowers.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 48
2.3.7
Combustion Controls
As specified in VAMS Section 23 09 53.00 20 SPACE TEMPERATURE CONTROL
SYSTEMS.
2.4
ECONOMIZER
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Economizers shall be specified for all
boilers with operating pressures greater than 345
kPa (gage) 50 psig and a capacity of 2 1/4 kg/sec
18,000 pounds per hour and larger. For boilers from
1/2 to 2 1/4 kg/sec 4,000 to 18,000 pounds per hour
the designer shall make the decision based upon a
specific economic analysis. This paragraph shall be
included as applicable.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Unless a coal or a fuel oil to be burned has
an uncommon tendency to foul tubes, finned tube
economizers should be suitable for both fuels.
Feedwater temperatures should be 110 degrees C 230
degrees F when sulphur (S) content of oil is 0.5
percent; 116 degrees C 240 degrees F, S=1.5 percent
- 2 percent; 121 degrees C 250 degrees F, S=2.0
percent - 2.7 percent. Where fuels having more than
1.5 percent sulfur content are to be fired, finned
tubes shall not be used unless they are steel tubes
covered with cast iron finned casing.
**************************************************************************
Provide a modular [bare tube] [cast iron finned, steel tube] unit
constructed in accordance with the ASME BPVC SEC I. Water flow shall be
parallel to flue gas flow (incoming water shall enter at the same end that
the flue gasses enter the economizer).
2.4.1
Construction
Provide manufacturer's standard economizer design for the operating
conditions and the fuel(s) specified. Coordinate the amount of heating
surface with the flue gas conditions exiting the boiler or boilers on which
the economizer is to be applied to preclude reaching the "acid dew point"
for specified fuels. When necessary (sulfur is present in the specified
fuel and the designed inlet temperature could fall below the "acid dew
point"), provide a feedwater temperature control system. Provide casing of
not less than 12 gage steel plate reinforced with steel support lugs and
breeching flanges. Provide building framing steel to properly support the
economizer. [Provide built-in rotary chain operated soot blowers for each
economizer to thoroughly clean surfaces exposed to flue gas.] Economizer
shall be designed so that internal construction can be easily cleaned and
inspected.
2.4.2
Equipment
Provide the following equipment for each unit:
a.
Relief valve
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 49
b.
Shutoff gate valve on feedwater outlet and shutoff globe valve on inlet
with globe valve bypass. Size valves as shown in economizer piping
detail
c.
Temperature indicator on feedwater outlet
d.
Temperature indicator on feedwater inlet
e.
Temperature indicator on flue gas outlet
f.
Temperature indicator on flue gas inlet
g.
Temperature alarm switches for high and low flue gas temperatures
h.
Alarm with trouble light and silencing switch
i.
Panel with annunciator and temperature indicators for feedwater inlet,
feedwater outlet, flue gas inlet, flue gas outlet of each economizer
j.
A drain valve downstream of the economizer before the shutoff valve
k.
A stack flue gas temperature control system to control and limit flue
gas temperature to not less than 149 degrees C 300 degrees F by
modulating a motorized feedwater control valve in a bypass around the
economizer. Provide a shutoff valve on each side of the control valve
with a strainer upstream of each valve. Provide this system parallel
to the manual shutoff and bypass described above
l.
Differential pressure indicator on water side
m.
Differential pressure indicator on gas side
n.
Pressure gages on feedwater inlet and outlet
2.4.3
Insulation
Submit manufacturer's literature of each insulation type and installation,
adhesives, coating mastic and accessories. Make reference to specification
paragraph numbers where they apply. Insulate economizer with not less than
the equivalent of 50 mm 2 inches of mineral wool insulation and lag with
not less than 27 gage galvanized, weatherproof lagging.
2.5
COAL STOKERS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The single retort underfeed stoker can be
used for up to a maximum continuous rating of
approximately 3 kilogram per second (kg/s) 25,000
pounds per hour steam flowrate and a two hour peak
rating of 3.75 kg/s 30,000 pounds per hour depending
upon the manufacturer.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If the boiler is not part of this project
insert Coal Analysis at end of this paragraph and
delete the last sentence.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 50
critical adjustment.
d.
Control Panel: Provide centrally located control panel with panel
front having a graphic display of the thawing system. Display shall be
approximately to scale and coordinated with control and light
indication for combustion air blowers and on-off control of individual
heaters. Provide a modulating control for each heater to regulate heat
output to suit the operating requirements. Panel shall be NEMA [12]
[3R-8], dust-tight enclosure with internal equipment and wiring
accessible from the panel front. Provide nameplates on panel front to
designate function of switches and indicating lights. Controls shall
be suitable for [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz operation. Provide
and mark terminals for connections, with the exception of the neutral.
Terminal blocks shall be 600 volt rated. Control relays shall have
convertible contacts and shall have rating suitable for intended
service but not less than 10 amp, 600 volt rating. Components shall be
an industrial design of the oiltight type. Connections to the panel
shall be watertight. Motor starters for combustion air blowers shall
be installed in each respective blower cabinet.
]2.10.1.3
Shed
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Shed should be used in the severe climate
areas.
**************************************************************************
Provide shed of pre-engineered metal space frame construction with
corrugated siding as indicated. Provide ventilation with roof vents and
openings along bottom of sides.
2.10.2
Top-Mounted Railroad Hopper Car Shaker (Unloader)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If noise is a major factor of concern, design
a shaker enclosure with acoustical treatment which
will be capable of reducing the noise to a tolerable
level.
**************************************************************************
Provide top-mounted rail car shaker complete with shaker, frame, vibrator,
motors, hoists, hoist frame, [enclosure], and controls. Design unit for
operation under all weather conditions.
2.10.2.1
Shaker
Shaker shall operate with a nominal 4 mm 5/32 inch stroke at 1200 rpm.
Stroke shall be generated by large eccentric SAE 1045 steel shaft mounted
in high capacity, self-aligning, spherical roller bearings. Seal bearings
with a double piston ring labyrinth seal and dust and water slinger to
retain lubricant and prevent entry of contaminants. Shaker frame shall be
stress-relieved, all welded steel construction. Fabricate frame of heavy
steel plate, with bearing housing seats machined after stress relieving.
Provide four lifting eyebolts of heat-treated forged alloy steel for
connecting to hoist chains.
Shaker Electric Motor and Drive:
Motor shall be totally enclosed, fan cooled, 1800 rpm, [_____] volt, three
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 72
phase, 60 Hz, not less than 15 kW 20 hp, as specified in the paragraph
MOTORS AND DRIVES. Motor shall be mounted on heavy spring isolated
supporting frame with adjustable motor base. Shaker shall be belt driven
with special deep groove sheaves, taper locking type hubs, and constant
belt tensioning spring.
2.10.2.2
Shaker Hoist
Twin hook type having a rated capacity exceeding the weight of the shaker
unit. Hoist shall have a lift of not less than 7.50 meters 25 feet with a
hoist speed of not less than 0.08 m/sec 16 fpm. Hoist shall have not less
than 460 mm 18 inch long sling chains for connecting hoist to shaker
lifting eyes, and hooks shall have U-bolt safety latches. Hoist shall be
mounted on an electrified trolley as specified in Section 41 22 13.13
BRIDGE CRANES.
Shaker Hoist Electric Motor:
Totally enclosed, [fan cooled], [non ventilated], 1800 rpm, [_____] volt,
three phase, 60 Hz, not less than 5 1/2 kW 7 1/2 hp as specified in the
paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES. Motors shall be high slip type with thermal
overload protection embedded in the windings.
2.10.2.3
Controls
Provide [remote] [pendant] pushbutton station for both shaker and hoist
operation. Provide automatic controls with upper and lower screw type
limit switches to limit hook travel, slack cable limit switch to stop
lowering of hooks when car shaker has been lowered on top of car,
electrical interlock to prevent operation of car shaker motor until shaker
is lowered on car, and electrical interlock to prevent operation of hoist
motor while car shaker is running. Mount electrical equipment in NEMA 4
enclosures.
2.10.2.4
Frame [and Enclosure]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If noise is a major factor of concern, design
a shaker enclosure with acoustical treatment which
will be capable of reducing the noise to a tolerable
level.
**************************************************************************
Provide frame [and enclosure] as indicated for support of hoist and shaker
unit [and for attenuation of noise].
[2.10.3
Capstan Car Puller
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Designer shall select either a capstan type
or drum type car puller. A capstan type puller is
satisfactory for handling rail cars on level grade
provided the pulling capacity is not exceeded. For
high pulling capacities and locations where rails
are not on level grade, the drum type puller should
be used. Designer shall detail required footings
and foundations based on the selected puller and
soil conditions at each plant site.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 73
high 14 inches wide by 12 inches high, and two air plenum cleanout doors.
2.5.2.11
Lubrication
Provide stoker drive mechanism with grease cups, oil cups, or splash pans
to provide proper lubrication.
2.6
OIL BURNER/WINDBOX PACKAGE
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall fill in the appropriate
information as defined in FS F-B-2910.
**************************************************************************
Provide a fully modulating, oil burner conforming to FS F-B-2910, Class
[_____], except as modified below. Provide burner with windbox, burner
blower fan, dampers, fuel train and associated controls to comprise a
complete factory assembled package. Total heat input to the boiler furnace
shall be provided by [_____] burners. Burner package shall be considered
an integral part of the steam generator and shall be subject to applicable
provisions of the boiler design and service together with the requirements
of tests, performance guarantees and other warranties specified for the
boiler.
2.6.1
2.6.1.1
Burner
Burner Characteristics
Burner shall be quiet in operation and shall operate with a balanced flame
so as not to localize heat in any part of the combustion chamber. Burner
shall be capable of completely atomizing and effectively mixing oil with
air so as to ensure complete combustion. Air admitted shall be of
sufficient quantity for complete combustion, but not of such quantity as to
produce an undue percentage of excess air with attendant high stack loss.
Oil burner shall operate without clogging or failure, and shall have
sufficient capacity to develop not less than the specified capacity.
Burner unit shall be easily removed from firing position and readily
accessible for inspection, cleaning, and other purposes. Provide adequate
observation ports on burner. Burner manufacturer shall guarantee that
there will be no flame impingement on sidewalls, top, bottom, or rear walls
of furnace. Install burner manufacturer furnished refractory throat tiles
or other items required for proper installation of burner.
2.6.1.2
Atomization
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For boilers below 7100 kW 25,000 pounds per
hour the designer shall select either compressed air
or steam atomization after performing an economic
analysis. For 7100 kW 25,000 pounds per hour and
above, atomization shall be by compressed air unless
steam pressure is required for greater turndown.
**************************************************************************
Burner shall be [steam atomizing; steam pressure at header is [_____] kPa
(gage) psig; steam temperature at header is [_____] degree C F] [air
atomizing; filtered compressed air shall be available for burner
atomization and the maximum requirement for each burner shall not exceed
[_____] L/s scfm of air at [_____] kPa (gage) psig]. Provide pressure
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 53
reducing valve and controls as required.
2.6.1.3
Electric Ignition System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Natural gas pilot ignition system may be
considered only when natural gas is available at the
site.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
below, NATURAL GAS PILOT IGNITION SYSTEM.
**************************************************************************
Burner shall be equipped with an electric ignition system. System shall be
either high energy ignition or glow rod type. Gas ignition system is not
acceptable. High energy ignition system shall use stored energy to develop
2000 Vdc pulses. Glow rod system shall use a low voltage, carbon rod
electrode which develops a tip temperature of 1427 degrees C 2600 degrees F.
Provide ignition system complete.
2.6.1.4
Natural Gas Pilot Ignition System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Natural gas pilot ignition system may be
considered only when natural gas is available at the
site.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
above, ELECTRIC IGNITION SYSTEM.
**************************************************************************
Provide a complete interrupted type natural gas-fired, spark ignited pilot
system for the burner assembly. Combustion air supply shall be from the
burner windbox. Lighting system shall have capacity to stabilize firing
during startup periods. Lighter shall be arranged for easy removal and
servicing while boiler is in operation. Furnish igniter complete with
spark rod and power pack. Power pack shall operate on 120 volt, 60 cycle,
single phase power. Provide gas piping, to one point of supply, including
necessary gas pressure regulators. Igniter system shall include controls,
gages, flame safety systems, interlocks and accessories to comply with
Industrial Risk Insurers' (I.R.I.) (formerly F.I.A.) requirements and
applicable codes and regulations.
2.6.1.5
Windbox
Construct of carbon steel plate not less than 10 gage thickness with 6 mm
1/4 inch thick front plate. Design windbox to provide even and uniform air
entrance into the burner register and seal weld to the boiler front wall.
Provide windbox with support legs.
2.6.1.6
Purge Connection
Provide [steam] [air] purge connection, properly valved, for purging oil
from gun prior to removal from burner.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 54
2.6.1.7
Aspirating System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Provide aspirating system only for boilers in
which the expected furnace pressure exceeds 1245 Pa
5 inches water.
**************************************************************************
Provide an air aspirating system for fuel oil atomizer guide pipes to
prevent blowback of hot furnace gases. Aspirating system shall use
approximately [_____] L/s scfm of [_____] kPa (gage) psig compressed air.
2.6.1.8
Piping
Provide piping and flexible hoses for guide pipe purge [and aspirating]
system[s]. Air from forced draft fan shall be used for guide pipe purging
during normal operation.
2.6.1.9
Metal Parts
Metal parts exposed to radiant heat, including atomizer shield, shall be of
stainless steel or other approved alloy.
2.6.1.10
Fuel Oil Control Valve
Fuel oil will be supplied at [_____] kPa (gage) psig and [_____] degrees C F
at the inlet of the fuel piping train. Size fuel oil automatic control
valve for 103 kPa 15 psi differential pressure.
2.6.1.11
Fuel
ASTM D396, Grade No. [_____].
2.6.1.12
Burner Blower Fan For Oil Fired Burner
Provide fan fully integrated with and mounted on windbox. Provide an inlet
silencer, when required, to ensure operation at noise level below 85 dBA as
specified in Section 22 05 48.00 20 MECHANICAL SOUND, VIBRATION AND SEISMIC
CONTROL.
2.6.1.13
Electric Motor
Motor shall be [two speed,] [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz, [totally
enclosed, non-ventilated] [totally enclosed, fan cooled], not less than
[_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES.
2.6.2
Flame Safeguard Controls
Provide a complete system of valves, interlocks and controls in accordance
with NFPA 85 and as approved by Factory Mutual Engineering and Research.
2.6.2.1
Fuel Oil Train
Provide fuel oil train consisting of [steam] [air] atomizing oil gun,
auxiliary [steam] [air] atomizing oil gun for changing guns without a
shutdown, fuel oil control valve, two safety shutoff valves, recirculation
valve, strainer, and flexible hose connections to oil burner. Provide low
oil pressure and low atomizing air pressure switches, and all other safety
interlocks and devices as required. Provide in panel mounted on burner
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 55
package the following gages. Gages shall be 150 mm 6 inch with white
coated dials and black figures:
a.
Fuel oil supply pressure (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig)
b.
Fuel oil pressure at burner (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig)
[ c.
Atomizing air pressure at burner (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig)
][d.
Atomizing steam pressure at burner (0 to 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig).
]2.6.2.2
Control Sequencing
Flame safeguard system shall be designed to ensure safe purge, light-off
and shutdown procedures, and to monitor light-off, main flame and boiler
operating conditions.
[ a.
Flame safeguard system shall be automatically sequenced type with
programming timed and sequenced by a heavy duty, industrial type
timer. Timer shall be tamper-proof and shall be designed so that
advancement of timer to shorten purge will shut down unit.
] b.
Provide system with [ultraviolet] [infrared] scanner and electronic
relay located in the front wall which will shut down the fuel within 2
to 4 seconds of loss of flame.
c.
Provide scanner output meter in panel for indication of scanner signal
strength.
d.
Safety system shall include the following limit devices incorporated
into a limit circuit:
(1) Flame failure
(2) High boiler outlet pressure
(3) Low fuel oil pressure
(4) Low water level cutout
(5) Low combustion air flow
(6) Low atomizing [air] [steam] pressure
(7) Any additional as required by FM or NFPA
[
(8) Low fuel oil temperature
] e.
Safety System Limits: Safety system limits specified above shall be
displayed on a first out annunciator mounted in the burner panel.
[Provide a common alarm contact to be wired to the operator control
console.]
2.6.2.3
Light Off
Failure shall require a manual restart of the programmer. Safety system
shall provide a mandatory purge with forced draft fan vanes proven open,
and a return to proven low fire position before light off. Main fuel valve
shall open for a timed period of 10 seconds during trial for ignition.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 56
2.6.2.4
Circuit Analyzer
Provide a circuit analyzer system, which, by means of 12 or more lights,
will indicate which circuits are energized at any specific time, and will
thereby indicate improperly operating circuits.
2.6.2.5
Control Panel
Programmer, limit control, relays, annunciator, shall be mounted in a [
NEMA MG 1 control panel, modified with fully gasketed doors and panels
mounted on burner package] [control panel as specified under VAMS Section
23 09 53.00 20 SPACE TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEMS].
2.7
FANS
Submit fans and blowers characteristic curves.
2.7.1
Forced Draft Fan (Coal Firing)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall make a technical
evaluation to determine if the coal forced draft fan
should be integrated with the stoker front or
mounted separately on the floor.
**************************************************************************
CID A-A-59222, Type [_____], Class 1, except as specified otherwise.
2.7.1.1
Fan Size
Size fans for complete combustion of fuel at maximum firing rate taking
into account design allowances, corrections for burner pressure drop,
furnace pressure, combustion air temperature, plant elevation, and other
design factors [including allowance for economizer]. After fans have been
sized in accordance with the above, add the following allowances for
momentary overloads and normal deterioration of fans, firing equipment and
boilers to obtain the required test block rating:
a.
Excess volume:
b.
Excess pressure:
2.7.1.2
20 percent
32 percent
Fan Construction
Construct fan wheel of steel. Direction of fan discharge shall be easily
changed at angles of 45 degrees. Provide fan with roller bearings mounted
in pillow blocks. Provide one coat manufacturer's shop prime paint over
interior and exterior of fan and wheel.
2.7.1.3
Electric Motor
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall perform an economic
analysis and make a technical evaluation to
determine if the fan drive motor shall be provided
with variable speed control. Generally variable
speed drives for fans over 7 1/2 kW 10 hp will be
cost effective.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 57
**************************************************************************
Motor for driving forced draft fan shall be [variable speed] [two speed],
[_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz, [open drip-proof] [totally enclosed, fan
cooled] not less than [_____] kW hp, as specified in the paragraph MOTORS
AND DRIVES, and shall not overload at the specified capacity with unheated
cold air. Provide [_____] mm inch thick steel soleplate for motor.
Soleplate shall be common for all four motor mounting bolts. Separate
parallel soleplate bars are not acceptable.
2.7.1.4
Noise Level for Forced Draft Fan
Not to exceed 85 dBA sound pressure level at 1 1/2 meters 5 feet above
floor and 1 1/2 meters 5 feet from fan in any direction. Provide heavy
duty sound attenuator with screen on fan inlet when required to meet sound
pressure level requirements.
2.7.2
Induced Draft Fan
CID A-A-59222, Type [_____], Class 2 except as specified otherwise.
2.7.2.1
Fan Size
Size fans to handle combustion gases at maximum firing rate. Maximum fan
speed shall not exceed [_____] rpm at test block rating. Design allowances
and corrections for furnace, economizer, [scrubber,] [baghouse,] [dust
collector,] breeching pressure drop when operating at [10] [20] [40]
percent excess air, flue gas temperature, plant elevation and other design
factors shall be made. Add the following allowances for momentary
overloads and normal deterioration of fans, firing equipment and boilers
after sizing in accordance with the above, to obtain the required test
block rating:
Excess Volume
Excess Pressure
20 percent
32 percent
10 percent
20 percent
Coal Fired
Induced draft
Oil Fired
Induced draft
2.7.2.2
Fan Construction
Fan wheel shall be radial
wheel both statically and
discharge shall be easily
with [air] [water] cooled
blocks.
2.7.2.3
tip design constructed of steel. Balance fan
dynamically at factory. Direction of fan
changed at angles of 45 degrees. Provide fan
sleeve type or roller bearings mounted in pillow
Dampers
Provide inlet dampers with multi-parallel-stream flow blades with
anti-friction bearings with 80 mm 3 inch minimum spacers and stuffing boxes
to keep bearings cool. Dampers shall be mounted in 200 mm 8 inch channel
frames and interconnected with one extended, ball bearing mounted control
level for connection to control actuator.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 58
2.7.2.4
Painting
Interior of fan, including wheel, shall be coated with protective coatings
suitable for flue gas conditions expected to be encountered by this fan.
Exterior surface of fan shall have coatings of quality weather and heat
resistant paint. Fan shall be shop assembled and match-marked by
manufacturer before dismantling for shipment. Surface cleaning and
painting shall be in accordance with manufacturer's standards for service
expected.
2.7.2.5
Electric Motor
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall perform an economic
analysis and make a technical evaluation to
determine if the fan drive motor shall be provided
with variable speed control. Generally variable
speed drives for fans over 7 1/2 kW 10 hp will be
cost effective.
**************************************************************************
Motor for driving induced draft fan shall be [variable speed] [two speed],
[_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz, [open drip-proof,] [totally enclosed fan
cooled,] not less than [_____] kW hp, as specified in the paragraph MOTORS
AND DRIVES, and shall not overload over the range of the fan with unheated
air. Provide [_____] mm inch thick steel soleplate for motor. Soleplate
shall be common for all four motor mounting bolts. Separate parallel
soleplate bars are not acceptable.
2.7.2.6
Noise Level for Induced Draft Fan
Noise level shall not exceed 85 dBA sound pressure level at 1 1/2 meters 5
feet above floor and 1 1/2 meters 5 feet from the fan in any direction.
Provide sound attenuation to meet sound pressure level requirements.
2.8
COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Refer to utilities schedule on definitive
drawings for suggested plant air requirements.
**************************************************************************
2.8.1
Plant Compressed Air System
Provide two packaged units conforming to FS XX-C-2816, Type [_____], except
as modified below. Each compressor capacity shall be not less than [_____]
standard L/s scfm of air, at 20 degrees C 68 degrees F and [_____] kPa
(gage) psig (equivalent to pressure at an elevation of [_____] meters feet
), compressed to 1379 kPa (gage) 200 psig at the discharge. Compressor
speed shall not exceed [_____] rpm. Number of stages shall be [_____].
[Compressor shall have water cooled cylinders and heads.] [Oil free
delivery is required.] Provide a safety valve between each compressor
discharge and its shutoff valve. Provide a shutoff valve on the discharge
piping of each compressor. Provide an electric thermostatically controlled
immersion heater. Provide compressor with [[air] [water] cooled
intercooler and] aftercooler. [Compressor and motor shall be tank
mounted.] Provide lifting lugs and tie down attachments.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 59
2.8.1.1
Air Filter
Air Filter on inlet shall act as a muffler. Provide filter of the [oil
wetted type] [dry type] readily removable for cleaning.
2.8.1.2
Oil Filter
Provide full flow type filter for positive forced feed lubrication
conforming to FS F-F-351.
2.8.1.3
Air Receiver
Receiver shall be [_____] liter cubic feet minimum volume designed in
conformance with FS XX-C-2816 except that working pressure shall be 1724
kPa (gage) 250 psig. Provide the receiver, with a safety valve set for
1792 kPa (gage) 260 psig, a drain valve and an air trap with shutoff
valve. [Provide a stand for mounting the receiver.] Provide a dial gage,
not less than 114 mm 4 1/2 inches diameter, range zero to 2068 kPa (gage)
300 psig, on the receiver.
2.8.1.4
Electric Motor
Motor shall be [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz, totally enclosed, fan
cooled not less than [_____] kW hp, as specified in the paragraph MOTORS
AND DRIVES. Control circuits for motors shall be nominal 120 volts.
2.8.1.5
Controls
Provide [constant speed] [dual control] regulation and the "optional safety
controls" as specified in Table I of FS XX-C-2816 for the compressor
system. In addition, provide a lead-lag control system with alternating
lead-lag cycles.
2.8.2
Instrument Compressed Air System
Provide air compressor package with two compressors, two electric motors,
one horizontal receiver, and control panel, [mounted on one supporting
steel base with skids] [mounted separately].
2.8.2.1
Air Compressor
Each shall be a single stage, cross head type, vertical, double acting,
water cooled, nonlubricated head type. Compressor shall be specially
designed for non-lubricated service, with a honed cylinder, piston rod
packing, piston rings and piston wear rings. Valve guide inserts and wear
rings shall be TFE. Valves shall be reversible and hardened, with
stainless steel seat plates for nonlubricated service. Provide necessary
sleeves, baffles, and collars to prevent oil carryover. Provide air
operated, piston type, free air unloaders for capacity reduction and
starting. Mount filter-silencer directly on air inlet to cylinder.
Design and Performance: Each compressor shall deliver not less than [_____]
standard L/s scfm of free air at a discharge pressure of 690 kPa (gage)
100 psig.
2.8.2.2
Air Receiver
Horizontal tank with a volume not less than [_____] liters cubic feet.
Design unit for 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig working pressure in accordance
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 60
with the ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1. A receiver bearing the ASME Code Symbol
stamp will be accepted as meeting these requirements. Provide an automatic
condensate trap, safety valve, and outlet connection.
2.8.2.3
Aftercooler
Aftercoolers shall be water cooled, with counter current flow, and shall be
installed directly between each compressor cylinder and the air receiver.
Design cooler to cool total output air flow of compressor to within 9
degrees C 15 degrees F of inlet cooling water temperature. Tube bundle
shall be removable for cleaning and inspection.
2.8.2.4
Electric Motor
Each compressor shall be V-belt driven by a [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60
Hz motor not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS
AND DRIVES. Provide a removable, totally enclosed belt guard.
2.8.2.5
Controls
Provide controls and shutdowns necessary for automatic operation of
compressor package. House controls in NEMA 12 control cabinet. Controls
shall include two, full voltage, automatic across-the-line starters;
alternator to switch compressors from lead to lag and to run both
compressors when needed; 120 volt control transformer; air discharge
pressure gage; selector switches for constant speed or automatic dual
control, along with necessary time delay and control relays. Provide
automatic solenoid operated cooling water valve in the cooling water line
to the compressors and aftercoolers. Factory wire control cabinet and
mount as part of package.
2.8.2.6
Accessories
Factory assemble compressors, electric motors, controls, air receiver,
aftercoolers, and miscellaneous hardware and mount on steel supporting
base. Provide lifting lugs and tiedown attachments. Provide air, water,
and condensate piping and terminate them at the edge of the supporting base.
[2.8.2.7
Desiccant Air Dryer
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraphs or the subparagraph
below, REFRIGERATED AIR DRYER.
**************************************************************************
Provide for systems exposed to freezing temperatures a compressed air
desiccant dryer with noncorrosive desiccant housed in twin pressure
vessels, capable of drying [_____] standard L/s scfm of air to [_____]
degrees C F pressure dewpoint. Unit shall be field adjustable to maintain
pressure dewpoint of dried air at any preselected value below operating
temperature, to minus 40 degrees C F. As an integral part of the unit,
provide an indicator showing the water content of the dry air and a
calibrated adjustment control to change water content to any preselected
level.
a.
Design: Design unit for maximum temperature of not less than 49
degrees C 120 degrees F and maximum operating pressure of not less than
1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig. Pressure drop through unit operating at full
rated flow shall not exceed 27 kPa 4 psi.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 61
b.
Controls: Provide continuous supply of dry air by automatically
cycling operation of desiccant beds. Dryer shall be complete with
panel mounted gages showing pressure in each drying tower and spark
suppressor to protect microswitch in timer circuit. Total electrical
power requirements shall not exceed 75 watts at 110 Vac.
c.
Filters: Provide prefilter upstream of dryer to remove oil vapor,
liquid water, and solid particles. It shall have greater than 99
percent efficiency in removing both 0.5 micron diameter solid particles
and 0.5 micron diameter oil aerosol. Filter shall have replaceable oil
absorbing filter element which turns red to indicate saturation with
oil and which shall be mounted in a transparent cast methyl
methacrylate tube for visibility and inspection while on stream.
Protect transparent acrylic tube by a safety shield. Provide
afterfilter for removal of solid particles down to 5 microns size.
][2.8.2.8
Refrigerated Air Dryer
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
above, DESICCANT AIR DRYER.
**************************************************************************
Provide for systems not exposed to freezing temperatures a compressed air
dryer of the self contained refrigerated type complete with heat exchanger,
a commercial quality refrigeration system, a moisture separator and
condensate trap, and internal wiring and piping. Install dryer between
receiver and distribution line.
a.
Heat Exchanger: Provide air and refrigerant coils surrounded by
aluminum granules of sufficient mass to ensure adequate cooling
capacity for varying air flow loads without causing excessive
refrigeration cycling. Provide an automatic control system, for heat
exchanger with a sensing element located in the aluminum granules, to
shut down refrigeration system on low or no-load conditions. Provide
means to determine exchanger temperature.
b.
Moisture Separator: Provide a centrifuge type located within the heat
exchanger to provide for moisture separation at point of minimum air
temperature.
c.
Refrigeration Unit: Provide hermetically sealed type which operates
intermittently at all but maximum load conditions. Unit shall be
capable of drying [_____] standard L/s scfm of air to an atmospheric
dew point of not less than minus 23 degrees C 10 degrees F with
entering air at 38 degrees C 100 degrees F, saturated. Maximum
operating pressure of dryer shall be [_____] kPa (gage) psig. House
entire unit in a steel cabinet. Provide cabinet with access door and
panel for easy access to parts for maintenance and inspection.
]2.8.3
Pressure Reducing Regulator
Provide self-operating type designed for not less than a 1724 kPa (gage)
250 psig operating pressure, and a normal operating temperature range of
minus 29 degrees C 20 degrees F to plus 65 degrees C 150 degrees F.
Regulator shall have an adjustable outlet pressure range not less than 34
to 690 kPa (gage) 5 to 100 psig with not less than four ranges. Provide
external adjusting screw for adjustment throughout each spring range.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 62
Provide internal pressure tap for outlet pressure regulation.
2.9
BREECHING, EXPANSION JOINTS, STACKS, DAMPERS, AND ACCESSORIES
2.9.1
Breeching
Provide with rectangular cross section stiffened on sides, top and bottom
and fabricated of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch thick black steel plate
unless otherwise noted. Stiffeners shall be not less than 65 by 50 by 6 mm
2 1/2 by 2 by 1/4 inch steel angles welded to exterior with 50 mm 2 inch
leg outstanding. Stiffeners shall not exceed one meter 3 feet on center.
Breeching shall connect to [each boiler flue gas outlet,] [intermediate
heat recovery equipment,] [air pollution control equipment,] [and to stack
as required].
2.9.1.1
Breeching Connections and Joints
Weld or bolt breeching joints unless indicated otherwise. Welding shall
conform to AWS D1.1/D1.1M and AWS D1.3/D1.3M. Bolts for bolted connections
shall be not less than 15 mm 1/2 inch diameter and spaced not more than 80
mm 3 inches apart, with bolts, lockwashers and nuts being hot-dipped
galvanized. Provide bolted joints with a minimum of 3 mm 1/8 inch thick
non-asbestos gaskets, suitable for the intended use. Bolt breeching
connections to all boilers, equipment items, dampers, expansion joints, and
breeching accessories. Flanged breeching connections to equipment shall be
drilled to match flanges on equipment. Seal weld flanged joints to make
connection gas-tight.
2.9.1.2
Uninsulated Breeching
Thoroughly wire brush breeching which is not to be insulated and clean by
degreasing with nonflammable solvent such as trichloroethylene prior to
painting.
2.9.1.3
Breeching Access Doors
Provide where indicated. Construct access doors with frame and hinged door
of cast iron or reinforced steel plate. Frame shall be not less than 635
by 940 mm 25 by 37 inches with access opening of 457 by 762 mm 18 by 30
inches. Connection to breeching shall be gasketed and made with minimum 15
mm 1/2 inch diameter hot-dipped galvanized bolts, lockwashers, and nuts
spaced not more than 125 mm 5 inches on center. Each side of access door
shall have not less than two quick-clamp positive closing latches, with
long side opposite hinges containing three clamps to give a gastight seal.
Side of access door opposite hinges shall contain a minimum 80 by 125 mm 3
by 5 inch size handle. Provide a gasket consisting of 10 mm 3/8 inch
diameter fire resistant resilient rope seal and mastic compound between
access door and access door frame.
2.9.1.4
Breeching Cleanout Doors
Provide where indicated. Construct cleanout doors of not less than 5 mm
3/16 inch thick steel plate. Secure cleanout doors to a 32 by 32 by 5 mm 1
1/4 by 1 1/4 by 3/16 inch thick angle frame with 10 mm 3/8 inch hot-dipped
galvanized mounting bolts welded to the angle frame and spaced not more than
150 mm 6 inches on center. Weld frame to breeching and provide a 1.60 mm
1/16 inch non-asbestos gasket suitable for the intended service between
frame and cleanout door. Cleanout doors shall be not less than 610 mm 24
inches square except where breeching dimensions are smaller, in which case
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 63
cleanout door shall be full height of the breeching and not less than 305 mm
12 inches in length.
2.9.1.5
Breeching Structural Materials
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall detail breeching supports
and breeching stiffening. Breeching hangers shall
be designed to carry not less than 5 times the
breeching weight, or the breeching weight plus 136 kg
300 pounds whichever is greater. Hangers for
rectangular breeching shall be of the trapeze type
with angle or channel support members and hanger
rods. Breeching shall be stiffened with angle or
channel members as required to withstand internal
breeching static pressure.
**************************************************************************
Structural and support materials shall be steel and shall comply with
applicable sections of the AISC 360. [Support and stiffen breeching as
indicated.]
2.9.2
2.9.2.1
Expansion Joints
Metallic Breeching Expansion Joints
Provide factory fabricated metallic breeching expansion joints [where
indicated]. Expansion joints shall be guided metal bellows type capable of
a minimum of [_____] mm inches of axial travel. Form metal bellows from
not less than 1.60 mm 1/16 inch thick type 321 stainless steel plate.
Cover plates shall be not less than 3 mm 1/8 inch thick steel plate.
2.9.2.2
Non-Metallic Expansion Joints
Provide factory fabricated non-metallic breeching expansion joints 3 mm 1/8
inch minimum thickness [where indicated]. Expansion joints shall be
constructed of a fluoroelastomer vulcanized to two plies of knitted wire
mesh capable of a minimum of [_____] mm inches of axial compression, [_____]
mm inches of axial extension and [_____] mm inches of lateral offset
[unless indicated otherwise]. Joints shall have a continuous operating
temperature rating of 204 degrees C 400 degrees F, with excursion design
standards up to 400 degrees C 750 degrees F. Operating pressure range
shall be minus 34 kPa (gage) 5 psig to plus 34 kPa (gage) 5 psig.
Expansion joints shall be preformed with integrally molded corners,
suitable for mounting against a 150 mm 6 inch flange. Provide carbon steel
backup bars with slotted holes, bolts, and nuts.
2.9.3
Stacks (For Installation Without Flue Gas Scrubbers)
Free standing, dual wall with insulated annular space, self supporting,
steel construction. Provide stack manufacturer's calculations for
supporting steel and concrete foundations, that suit specified design
conditions. Provide each stack complete with accessories and
appurtenances, including test ports, sampling platforms, caged safety
ladders, anchors, sleeves, insulation, base and chair rings, and cleanout
door.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 64
2.9.3.1
Manufacturer's Calculations Required
a.
Foundation (including bearing and moment forces) and anchor bolts
b.
Stack (Static and Dynamic Analysis)
(1) Stresses due to various loading conditions including wind and
seismic loads
(2) Damping of vortex shedding and seismic response
(3) Vibration and damping
(4) Heat transfer at various design and ambient conditions
(5) Expansion profiles
(6) Shipping and erection stress analysis
2.9.3.2
Construction
a.
Provide in annular air space between the two steel shells insulation
with sealing means to accommodate thermal expansion differentials and
lateral deflections or sway of inner and outer shells.
b.
Provide openings with adequate reinforcement to minimize stress
concentrations.
c.
Design wall thickness of inner shell to be 1.60 mm 1/16 inch thicker
than that required by dynamic and static structural design but not less
than 5 mm 3/16 inch.
d.
Construct outer shell of ASTM A242/A242M steel with a plate thickness
not less than [_____] mm inch.
e.
Construct expansion devices of corrosion resistant stainless steel
suitable for the temperatures and flue gas combinations to be
experienced by stacks.
f.
Base construction of stack shall transmit forces and moments in the
shell to the [foundation] [supporting steel] without local stresses of
appreciable magnitude being induced in the shell or exceeding allowable
stresses of the supporting [concrete] [steel].
g.
Provide openings in breeching and stack for test equipment for sampling
flue gas and for monitoring devices. Openings shall be properly
reinforced and designed for differential expansion. Breeching opening
shall be of double wall construction. Penetrations through inside
shell of stack shall be completely welded to provide proper sealing
between the stack and the opening.
h.
Provide top 1.22 meters 4 feet cone section of stack of corrosion
resistant steel.
i.
Provide suitable anchor bolts furnished by the stack manufacturer.
j.
Accessories to be provided.
(1) Provide double wall insulated steel plate door cleanout complete
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 65
with 25 mm one inch round hinge pin, gasket and not less than 18
swing bolts.
(2) Provide a ring of Type 304 Corrosion Resistant Steel (CRES) to
support an inspection or painter's trolley. Weld ring and support
from stack plates with not less than three brackets 10 by 65 by
381 mm 3/8 by 2 1/2 by 15 inches. Space brackets at not more than
610 mm 2 feet on center around circumference of stack.
(3) Provide a three wheel CRES flat rail trolley of 227 kg 500 lbs
capacity. Trolley shall have guides to prevent it from leaving
the track [_____] meters of 8 mm feet of 1/4 inch CRES plow steel
cable.
(4) Provide each stack with an external ladder with cage for full
height of stack. Construct ladder and cage of corrosion resistant
steel.
(5) Provide a flue gas sensing thermocouple well with thermocouple one
meter 3 feet above breeching opening and 1 1/2 meters 5 feet below
top of stack. Wells shall be CRES and shall extend about halfway
into stack.
2.9.3.3
Finish
Stacks shall be shop coated prior to shipping from factory.
2.9.3.4
Obstruction Lighting
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Stack obstruction lighting requirements are
dependent on a number of factors including the
location and height of the stack. The designer
shall refer to NAVFAC DM-23.1, NAVFAC DM-23.2, and
FAA AC 150/5345 to determine if obstruction lighting
is required.
**************************************************************************
Provide an obstruction lighting system for each heating plant stack,
consisting of one red, flashing, 300 millimeter hazard beacon atop each
stack, two steady burning, red obstruction marker lights halfway up each
stack, photoelectric and flasher controls, weather-tight terminal boxes,
cable, and conduit.
a.
Hazard Beacons:
b.
Obstruction Lights:
[2.9.3.5
FAA AC 150/5345-43 Type L-866.
FAA AC 150/5345-43 Type L-810.
Stack Sampling Platform
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Designer shall detail a stack sampling
platform if required. If not required delete this
paragraph. If required the platform will have to be
located at a point as approved by air pollution
control agency having jurisdiction. Many local and
state codes incorporate Title 40 Code of Federal
Regulations, Part 60. Depending upon final air
pollution control equipment arrangement this
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 66
cubic foot.
2.10.21.1
Construction
All welded construction, not less than [_____] meters feet in diameter with
a vertical cylindrical section [_____] meters feet [_____] mm inches high.
Construct vertical cylindrical section of not less than 7.90 mm 5/16 inch
thick steel plate. Slope bottom cone shaped hopper section at not less
than 55 degrees and fabricate from not less than 10 mm 3/8 inch thick 410
stainless steel plate. Top of bunker shall be conical 35 degree sloped
structurally reinforced 6 mm 1/4 inch thick steel plate. Provide ladder
inside bunker. Provide dusttight, weather tight access hatch of not less
than 610 by 610 mm 24 by 24 inches in bunker top immediately above ladder.
Shell and bottom plates shall be beveled for full penetration butt weld on
inside of bunker and a finish weld on outside of bunker. Provide bunker
with flanged outlet drilled to match inlet of gate.
a.
Responsibility: Ensure that full responsibility for final design and
details of construction of steel coal bunker is assumed by the
manufacturer.
b.
Supports: Bunker shall be self supporting from four stub columns which
shall be supported from on top horizontal structural steel framing.
Structural steel framing for supporting the stub columns is specified
in Section 05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL.
c.
Liner: Surface blast vertical inside surfaces of the bunker to a near
white metal, and then coat with 6 mm 1/4 inch thick troweled-on heavy
duty three compound corrosion resistant liner consisting of a resin, a
hardener and graphite aggregate. Liner shall have an operating
temperature limitation of not less than 66 degrees C 150 degrees F.
2.10.21.2
Accessories:
a.
Alarm Switches: Provide bunker with two automatic bin level indicators
with neoprene rubber diaphragm and a single pole, double throw switch
mounted in explosion proof aluminum housing to signal high and low
level alarms. Provide mounting plates on bunker shell and holes for
installation of indicator housing on outside of bunker. Wiring shall
be as specified in Division 26.
b.
Vibrators: Provide on cone bottom of coal bunker a heavy duty
pulsating magnet electric vibrator, semi-noiseless type, complete with
mounting plate. Provide one vibrator controller panel arranged for
mounting in wall mounted control panel. Panel shall contain an
"ON-OFF" switch, power control dial, fuses and rectifier. Power supply
to panel shall be 460 volt, single phase, 60 Hz current.
2.10.22
Stackout Tube
Provide a stackout type discharge tube not less than 10 mm 3/8 inch thick,
reinforced, stainless steel plate for discharging coal from stackout
conveyor to coal storage yard. Tube shall be 1220 mm 4 feet in diameter,
and designed as the structural support for a portion of the stackout
conveyor and support steel as indicated. Tube shall be a window chute
designed to discharge coal at not more than 1829 meters 6 feet above coal
pile.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 95
2.11
FUEL OIL SYSTEM
**************************************************************************
NOTE: In reference to the following text, choose
either Section 33 56 10 FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL
STORAGE TANKS, for below ground tanks, or Section
33 52 10 SERVICE PIPING, FUEL SYSTEMS, for above
ground tanks. The rest of the fuel oil system is
covered in Section 33 52 10 SERVICE PIPING, FUEL
SYSTEMS.
**************************************************************************
The fuel oil system shall be designed and built in accordance with Section
33 52 10 SERVICE PIPING, FUEL SYSTEMS[.][, except for below grade level
fuel tanks, which shall be constructed to Section 33 56 10
FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE TANKS.]
2.12
ASH HANDLING SYSTEM (PNEUMATIC)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Designer shall select type of ash handling
system most suited for each project. For plants over
4 kg per second 31,500 pounds per hour steam
ultimate capacity use a pneumatic ash handling
system. For plants under 4 kg per second 31,500
pounds per hour steam ultimate capacity use a
mechanical system. Refer to NAVFAC DM-3.6, Section
5, paragraph 4d for design criteria.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this article (and the paragraphs and
subparagraphs following) or the article, (paragraphs
and subparagraphs) below, ASH HANDLING SYSTEM
(MECHANICAL).
**************************************************************************
2.12.1
System Requirements
Provide a complete integrated, pneumatic, semi-automatic sequencing, ash
handling system with air intakes, material intakes, [ash doors and
enclosures,] iron alloy conveyor line, fittings, rotary slide gates,
primary and secondary material separators, tertiary bag filter, [steam
exhauster,] [electric motor driven positive displacement blower (mechanical
exhauster),] [air washer,] silo vent filter, ash silo, rotary ash
conditioner, and equipment that may be necessary for a complete pneumatic
ash handling system. Provide related electrical work required to operate
the ash handling system. Design system so that the ash silo is never
placed under a partial vacuum.
2.12.2
Type
System shall be the intermittent vacuum type, whereby the vacuum is
interrupted permitting periodic discharge of collected materials into the
silo on a programmed time cycle. System shall have sufficient air velocity
to pick up ash that may be deposited in the pipe.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 96
2.12.3
Ash Silo
System shall receive, and on a sequenced basis convey to the ash silo, ash
from the stoker fired boiler [ash storage hoppers,] [ash storage pits,]
[siftings hoppers,] [soot hoppers,] [economizer hoppers,] [baghouse
hoppers,] and other pollution control equipment hoppers. Convey ash from
only one pickup point at a time.
2.12.4
Ash
Discharge ash into the ash storage silo in a dry condition. Arrange silo
equipment for disposal of conditioned ash to trucks. The operation shall
be as nearly dustless as possible.
2.12.5
Maximum Noise Level
The noise level of the operation shall not exceed 85 decibels sound
pressure level 1.50 meters 5 feet from the equipment in any direction.
2.12.6
Dry Ash Storage Hopper
Provide for each boiler to receive and store bottom ash as it is discharged
from the traveling grate. Hopper shall be compatible with the grate ash
discharge enclosure and shall have a net volume to receive and to store
material for an 8 hour period at maximum boiler output. Size hopper for
mean ash level for one meters 3 feet below the stoker floor with ash
density of 640 kg per cubic meter 40 pounds per cubic foot for volumetric
sizing.
2.12.6.1
Construction
Not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick, ASTM A36/A36M, steel plate, dusttight,
floor supported steel structure with refractory lining. Provide required
steel columns, beams stiffeners and cross bracing. Bolt top section of
hopper to stoker support steel. Base design load of hopper on 1120 kg per
cubic meter 70 pounds per cubic foot. Slope sides at not less than 45
degrees from horizontal to maintain positive feed to outlet.
2.12.6.2
Refractory Materials
As recommended by the manufacturer; minimum total thickness of refractory
and insulating block lining shall not be less than 178 mm 7 inches.
Refractory shall be minimum of 114 mm 4 1/2 inches thick.
2.12.6.3
Discharge Doors or Gates
Provide each hopper with refractory lined, dusttight, water cooled,
vertical lift doors, of an opening size not less than 560 by 560 mm 22 by
22 inches. Each door shall be [air-cylinder operated] [chain wheel
operated]. [Provide intermediate positioning capability with air cylinder
operators.] Provide each door with guide rollers and support arms to ensure
smooth operation without binding. When doors are vertical, minimum number
of guide rollers shall be 4; for a sloping surface, minimum number of guide
rollers shall be 6.
2.12.6.4
Hopper Lift Door Enclosure
Provide not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick steel, dusttight, enclosure, for
each vertical lift door. Match enclosure to housing of clinker crusher and
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 97
make enclosure large enough to enclose the outlet and the vertical lift
door. Provide hinged inspection and cleanout door on enclosure front.
2.12.6.5
Hinged Hopper Access Door
Provide on one side wall of each hopper. Door shall be cast iron, air
tight swingaway locking type with refractory lining. Install door so that
it is conveniently accessible and easy to use.
2.12.7
Clinker Crusher
Provide mounted below each hopper discharge outlet, under vertical lift
door enclosure, capable of reducing clinkers from bottom ash to a maximum
size of 50 mm 2 inches at a rate not less than conveyor system capacity.
2.12.7.1
Construction
Single roller crusher unit with extra heavy housing, outboard bearings
sealed against grit infiltration, motor and drive. Housing shall be 15 mm
1/2 inch thick. Crusher rollers shall have replaceable cam segments
(teeth) with a minimum Brinell hardness of 450. Each cam tooth shall be
designed to permit resurfacing with hard material. Stationary heavy cast
iron or manganese steel abrasion resistant wear plates, of a Brinell
hardness not less than 350, shall be mounted about the crusher rollers.
Cam shaft rotational speed shall not exceed 20 rpm.
2.12.7.2
Fluid Gear Drive
Crushers shall be driven by a fluid gear drive including a totally
enclosed, fan cooled, [_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz electric motor not
less than 3.75 kW 5 hp, as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES,
fluid coupling and reduction gear, integrally mounted in dust and oil tight
enclosures. Fluid drive shall protect unit from excessive shock. Drive
shall automatically reverse when stalled; crusher shall reverse and move
forward three times and, after third time, shut down and alarm when still
stalled.
2.12.8
2.12.8.1
System Valving
Side Intake Valves for Fly Ash Collection
Provide at each hopper, including dust collection hoppers and rear pass
hoppers, and other collection points. Side intake valve shall be
pneumatically opened, spring closed, totally enclosed disc valve of cast
iron construction with wearing surfaces of Brinell hardness not less than
350. Provide valve complete with flanged inlet hopper, handhole with
gasketed cover and clamp and couplings. Side intake valve shall feed ash
to conveyor line on an angle, thus permitting air to mingle with ash in the
proper proportion to eliminate clogging. Valves shall provide positive and
automatic air tight shutoff and dust tight pickup. Valve shall close on
failure of operating air and before discharge cycle of intermittent
conveyor operation. A full load regulating switch shall control each valve
to prevent overloading of conveyor system.
[2.12.8.2
Manual Valve Intakes for Bottom Ash
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
ROTARY VALVE INTAKE FOR BOTTOM ASH.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 98
connections with the exception of the neutral. Terminal blocks shall
be 600 volt rated. Control relays shall have convertible contacts and
shall have rating suitable for intended services but not less than 10
amp, 600 volt rating. Components shall be oiltight type. Connections
to panel shall be watertight. Motor starters for combustion air
blowers shall be installed in each respective blower cabinet.
][2.10.1.2
Surface Mounted Enclosed Railroad Hopper Car Thawing System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
above PIT-TYPE RAILROAD HOPPER CAR THAWING SYSTEM.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose item a. or item b. that follows.
**************************************************************************
[ a.
Surface Mounted Enclosed Thawing Unit (Gas): Burner shall be of
multiport cast iron construction and provide for even heating of
radiant elements. Heater design shall be essentially the same for
undercar and sidecar heaters, with heat transmitted to hopper car by
both radiation and convection. Design burner and radiant element for
radiation being the primary mode of heat transfer. Radiant element
over burner shall be of a heavy corrosion-resistant metal material.
Design burner to operate on [natural gas] [liquified petroleum gas],
and such that open flame from combustion will not extend beyond emitter
surface either during normal operation or in the event of emitter
deterioration or burnout. Provide shields where necessary to direct
radiation and hot exhaust gases to hopper car surface. Provide means
for shielding car air hoses, air brake equipment, and bearings from
excessive heat. Provide each heater with individual heater control
boxes constructed as to provide positive air pressure inside control
box. Control boxes shall contain mixing valve for maintaining proper
gas-air ratio for satisfactory combustion. Locate gas and air piping
connections for easy removal of individual burners. Deliver combustion
air to heaters by means of pressure blowers which take fresh air from
outside thawing area to ensure continued satisfactory combustion of
gaseous fuels. Factory wire and assemble thawing units, control
panels, blowers, and zone controls.
]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose item b. or item a. above.
**************************************************************************
[ b.
Surface Mounted Enclosed Thawing Unit (Electric): Thawing unit may be
an electric radiant heat thawing unit which includes self-contained
heater banks such as under-car heater sections, outside the rail heater
sections, lower side car heater sections and vertical side car heater
sections, with reflectors, hinged cover, waterproof and weatherproof
wired terminal blocks and zone controls for flexibility of operation.
] c.
Burner Controls (for Gas Fired Units): Burners shall be electrically
ignited with controls meeting Industrial Risk Insurers' requirements.
Provide a gas pressure regulator for serving not more than eight
individual burners. Regulator shall reduce gas pressure in supply line
to pressure required for burners. Provide each burner with an air
regulating valve for fuel-air ratio adjustment. Regulating valve shall
contain positive vibration-proof locking device for maintaining
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 71
critical adjustment.
d.
Control Panel: Provide centrally located control panel with panel
front having a graphic display of the thawing system. Display shall be
approximately to scale and coordinated with control and light
indication for combustion air blowers and on-off control of individual
heaters. Provide a modulating control for each heater to regulate heat
output to suit the operating requirements. Panel shall be NEMA [12]
[3R-8], dust-tight enclosure with internal equipment and wiring
accessible from the panel front. Provide nameplates on panel front to
designate function of switches and indicating lights. Controls shall
be suitable for [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz operation. Provide
and mark terminals for connections, with the exception of the neutral.
Terminal blocks shall be 600 volt rated. Control relays shall have
convertible contacts and shall have rating suitable for intended
service but not less than 10 amp, 600 volt rating. Components shall be
an industrial design of the oiltight type. Connections to the panel
shall be watertight. Motor starters for combustion air blowers shall
be installed in each respective blower cabinet.
]2.10.1.3
Shed
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Shed should be used in the severe climate
areas.
**************************************************************************
Provide shed of pre-engineered metal space frame construction with
corrugated siding as indicated. Provide ventilation with roof vents and
openings along bottom of sides.
2.10.2
Top-Mounted Railroad Hopper Car Shaker (Unloader)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If noise is a major factor of concern, design
a shaker enclosure with acoustical treatment which
will be capable of reducing the noise to a tolerable
level.
**************************************************************************
Provide top-mounted rail car shaker complete with shaker, frame, vibrator,
motors, hoists, hoist frame, [enclosure], and controls. Design unit for
operation under all weather conditions.
2.10.2.1
Shaker
Shaker shall operate with a nominal 4 mm 5/32 inch stroke at 1200 rpm.
Stroke shall be generated by large eccentric SAE 1045 steel shaft mounted
in high capacity, self-aligning, spherical roller bearings. Seal bearings
with a double piston ring labyrinth seal and dust and water slinger to
retain lubricant and prevent entry of contaminants. Shaker frame shall be
stress-relieved, all welded steel construction. Fabricate frame of heavy
steel plate, with bearing housing seats machined after stress relieving.
Provide four lifting eyebolts of heat-treated forged alloy steel for
connecting to hoist chains.
Shaker Electric Motor and Drive:
Motor shall be totally enclosed, fan cooled, 1800 rpm, [_____] volt, three
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 72
phase, 60 Hz, not less than 15 kW 20 hp, as specified in the paragraph
MOTORS AND DRIVES. Motor shall be mounted on heavy spring isolated
supporting frame with adjustable motor base. Shaker shall be belt driven
with special deep groove sheaves, taper locking type hubs, and constant
belt tensioning spring.
2.10.2.2
Shaker Hoist
Twin hook type having a rated capacity exceeding the weight of the shaker
unit. Hoist shall have a lift of not less than 7.50 meters 25 feet with a
hoist speed of not less than 0.08 m/sec 16 fpm. Hoist shall have not less
than 460 mm 18 inch long sling chains for connecting hoist to shaker
lifting eyes, and hooks shall have U-bolt safety latches. Hoist shall be
mounted on an electrified trolley as specified in Section 41 22 13.13
BRIDGE CRANES.
Shaker Hoist Electric Motor:
Totally enclosed, [fan cooled], [non ventilated], 1800 rpm, [_____] volt,
three phase, 60 Hz, not less than 5 1/2 kW 7 1/2 hp as specified in the
paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES. Motors shall be high slip type with thermal
overload protection embedded in the windings.
2.10.2.3
Controls
Provide [remote] [pendant] pushbutton station for both shaker and hoist
operation. Provide automatic controls with upper and lower screw type
limit switches to limit hook travel, slack cable limit switch to stop
lowering of hooks when car shaker has been lowered on top of car,
electrical interlock to prevent operation of car shaker motor until shaker
is lowered on car, and electrical interlock to prevent operation of hoist
motor while car shaker is running. Mount electrical equipment in NEMA 4
enclosures.
2.10.2.4
Frame [and Enclosure]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If noise is a major factor of concern, design
a shaker enclosure with acoustical treatment which
will be capable of reducing the noise to a tolerable
level.
**************************************************************************
Provide frame [and enclosure] as indicated for support of hoist and shaker
unit [and for attenuation of noise].
[2.10.3
Capstan Car Puller
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Designer shall select either a capstan type
or drum type car puller. A capstan type puller is
satisfactory for handling rail cars on level grade
provided the pulling capacity is not exceeded. For
high pulling capacities and locations where rails
are not on level grade, the drum type puller should
be used. Designer shall detail required footings
and foundations based on the selected puller and
soil conditions at each plant site.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 73
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this paragraph and subparagraphs or
the paragraph REVERSIBLE DRUM TYPE CAR PULLER, and
its subparagraphs below.
**************************************************************************
Capstan-type designed with capacity of not less than 4540 kg 10,000 pounds
of starting pull and an average rope speed of approximately 0.23 m/sec 45
fpm. Assembly shall be totally enclosed, weatherproof, and suitable for
exterior installation with vertical capstan. Capstan shall be semisteel
alloy construction designed for use with marlin-covered wire rope.
2.10.3.1
Accessories
Provide capstan complete with accessories, including controls, rope, rope
storage reel, car hooks, sheaves, snatch blocks, anchors, and ratchet
holdback.
2.10.3.2
Rope
Capstan rope shall be not less than 25 mm one inch o.d. marlin clad wire
rope with a breaking strength of not less than 13,620 kg 30,000 pounds.
2.10.3.3
Rope Storage Reel
Construct of metal, hand operated with the drum not
inches in diameter and the reel faces not less than
diameter. Drum shall have not less than [_____] mm
store not less than [_____] meters of 25 mm feet of
marlin clad wire rope.
2.10.3.4
less than 300 mm 12
one meter 3 feet in
inches face width and
one inch diameter
Electric Motor
Totally enclosed, [fan cooled], high starting torque, reversing type,
[_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz, not less than 7 1/2 kW 10 hp as specified
in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES.
][2.10.4
Reversible Drum Type Car Puller
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Designer shall select either a capstan type
or drum type car puller. A capstan type puller is
satisfactory for handling rail cars on level grade
provided the pulling capacity is not exceeded. For
high pulling capacities and locations where rails
are not on level grade, the drum type puller should
be used. Designer shall detail required footings
and foundations based on the selected puller and
soil conditions at each plant site.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this paragraph and subparagraphs or
the paragraph CAPSTAN CAR PULLER, and its
subparagraphs above.
**************************************************************************
[Single drum reversing] [Double drum] type designed with a capacity of not
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 74
less than [_____] kg pounds of running rope pull. Starting pull capacity
shall be not less than twice the running pull capacity. Provide assembly
on one-piece heavy steel base with weatherproof motor and gear reducers
suitable for exterior location.
2.10.4.1
Puller
Unit shall consist of a [_____] mm inch pitch diameter by [_____] mm inch
face, spirally grooved for [_____] mm inch diameter wire rope with sealed
anti-friction bearings, alloy steel ring mounted spur gear and SAE 1045
steel shaft. Provide an SAE 1045 steel countershaft with anti-friction
pillow blocks and heat-treated alloy steel spur pinion roller chain drive
with steel sprockets and enclosed guard. Speed shall be a minimum of
[_____] m/sec fpm.
a.
Electric Motor: [Totally enclosed], [fan cooled], high starting
torque, reversing type, [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz, not less
than [_____] kW hp, as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES.
Provide clutch for engaging and disengaging power to drum.
b.
Reduction Gears: AGMA Class I sized for the motor power with motor
base and coupling. Motor shall include motor mounted disc brake in
dust and watertight enclosure. Provide rope overwind switch assembly
and rotary type limit assembly.
2.10.4.2
Accessories
a.
Rope Sheaves: Provide four stationary type, 762 mm 30 inch pitch
diameter single sheaves and one 762 mm 30 inch takeup sheave assembly.
Sheave shall be cast steel, grooved for [_____] mm inch diameter rope
and shall be oriented horizontally and mounted in a welded steel frame
with self-lubricating bronze bushings. Provide removable steel rope
guards over sheaves.
b.
Wire Rope: Not less than [_____] mm inch in diameter with a breaking
strength of not less than [_____] kg pounds. Rope shall consist of six
19 wire strands of improved plow steel rope with hemp center.
c.
Safety Warning System: Provide a safety warning system, including an
audible horn and three flashing lights to indicate cars in motion.
System shall activate 30 seconds before puller motor is energized and
shall not deactivate until puller motor is de-energized. Provide a
permanent warning sign at each light indicating "Railcar in Motion."
d.
Miscellaneous:
and anchors.
]2.10.5
Provide reversing controls, car hooks, snatch blocks,
Track Hopper
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Determine if a track hopper will be required.
**************************************************************************
Welded construction of not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick [410 stainless
steel] [structurally reinforced steel plate lined with 8 gage ( 4.18 mm
0.1644 inch) 410 stainless steel] plate not less than 4.50 meters wide and
8.50 meters long 14 feet wide and 28 feet long. Side slopes not less than
60 degrees from horizontal. Interior bolts shall have flat heads. Support
hopper from concrete pit walls as indicated.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 75
2.10.5.1
Track Girders
Two wide flanged beams designed for Cooper's E-[_____] loading with 50
percent impact allowance and sized at W [_____] by [_____]. Provide beams
with cross struts for rigidity and bearing plates for mounting on pit wall
as indicated.
2.10.5.2
Grating
Hopper grating between the rails of [_____] by 10 mm 3/8 inch steel bars
and [_____] by 10 mm 3/8 inch steel cross bars with openings [100] [150] by
[100] [150] mm [4] [6] by [4] [6] inches. Grating outside rails shall have
openings 100 by 100 mm 4 by 4 inches and be constructed of same size steel
bars as specified above. Construct grating in removable panels and support
from concrete pit walls and by steel angle supports resting on track
girders.
2.10.5.3
Cover
Structurally reinforced 5 mm 3/16 inch thick raised pattern floor plate.
Cover for portions of hopper outside rails shall be hinged with edges
turned down. Construct cover between rails in easily removable sections
with handles.
2.10.5.4
Hopper Outlet
Flanged not less than [_____] by [_____] mm inches. Outlet shall contain a
water-collecting reclaim hopper type coal gate not less than [_____] by
[_____] mm inches in size along with a dusttight all metal slip joint,
constructed of not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick [410 stainless steel]
[structurally reinforced steel plate lined with 8 gage ( 4.18 mm 0.1644 inch
) 410 stainless steel] plate. Slip joint shall be of split construction to
allow for disassembly and replacement. Design slip joint to allow for
necessary flexibility to take care of deflection of the hopper outlet due
to varying coal loads and temperature variations without imposing load on
the feeder enclosure. Provide rope packing or other resilient gasket
material to make the slip joint completely dusttight.
2.10.6
Truck Hopper
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Determine if a track hopper will be required.
**************************************************************************
Welded construction of not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick [410 stainless
steel] [structurally reinforced steel plate lined with 8 gage ( 4.18 mm
0.1644 inch) 410 stainless steel] plate not less than 3 meters wide and 3
meters long 10 feet wide and 10 feet long. Side slopes not less than 60
degrees from horizontal. Interior bolts shall have flat heads. Support
hopper from concrete pit walls as indicated.
2.10.6.1
Grating
Hopper grating shall have openings 90 by 90 mm 3 1/2 by 3 1/2 inches.
Construct grating of 125 by 13 mm 5 by 1/2 inch steel bars and 25 by 10 mm
one by 3/8 inch steel cross bars. Weld grating and make in sections for
ease of removal. Provide two intermediate support beams sized not less
than W8 by 31 arranged for a maximum grating span of 1016 mm 3 feet 4 inches.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 76
2.10.6.2
Hopper Outlet
Flanged not less than [_____] by [_____] mm inches. Outlet shall contain a
water-collecting reclaim hopper type coal gate not less than [_____] by
[_____] mm inches size.
[2.10.6.3
Cover
Structurally reinforced 5 mm 3/16 inch thick raised pattern floor plate.
Construct cover in sections with handles for ease of removal.
]2.10.7
Reclaim Hoppers
Welded construction of not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick structurally
reinforced steel plate lined with 8 gage ( 4.18 mm 0.1644 inch) 410
stainless steel plate not less than 3 meters wide and 3 meters long 10 feet
wide and 10 feet long. Side slopes not less than 60 degrees from
horizontal. Interior bolts shall have flat heads. Support hopper from
concrete pit walls as indicated.
2.10.7.1
Grating
Hopper grating shall have openings 90 by 90 mm 3 1/2 by 3 1/2 inches.
Construct grating of 125 by 13 mm 5 by 1/2 inch steel bars and 25 by 10 mm
one by 3/8 inch steel cross bars. Weld grating and make in sections for
ease of removal. Provide two intermediate support beams sized not less
than W8 by 31 arranged for a maximum grating span of 1016 mm 3 feet 4 inches.
2.10.7.2
Hopper Outlet
Flanged not less than [_____] by [_____] mm inches. Outlet shall contain a
special reclaim hopper gate not less than [_____] by [_____] mm inches.
2.10.7.3
Cover
Structurally reinforced 5 mm 3/16 inch thick raised pattern floor plate.
Construct cover in sections with handles for ease of removal.
2.10.8
Belt Feeder
Totally enclosed, dusttight, approximately [_____] meters feet between
pulley centers, designed to operate at a speed not to exceed [_____] m/sec
fpm, and having a capacity of not less than [_____] Mg tons per hour of
[_____] size coal. Provide belt feeder complete with continuous belt,
shafts, pulleys, idlers, belt cleaner, frame, enclosure, reduction gear,
and drive motor.
2.10.8.1
Head and Foot Shafts
Cold rolled steel, not less than [_____] and [_____] mm [_____] and [_____]
inches in diameter respectively. Mount shafts in antifriction roller
bearings with forced lubricating type fittings. Mount head shaft in fixed
pillow blocks. Foot shaft shall have screw-type takeups with not less than
a [_____] mm inch adjustment. Shafts shall fit tight in pulley hubs.
2.10.8.2
Pulleys
Welded steel type with detachable compression grip-type hubs, steel plate
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 77
ends, and crown faces 50 mm 2 inches wider than the belt width. [Provide
an adjustable spring loaded or counter weighted type rubber bladed belt
wiper beneath the head pulleys.]
2.10.8.3
Belt
Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) approved fire resistant
construction, belt not less than [_____] mm inches wide, [_____] ply,
[_____] kg per square meter ounces per square foot, with 3 mm 1/8 inch
thick oil and chemical resistant cover on carrying side, 0.79 mm 1/32 inch
thick oil and chemical resistant rubber cover on under side. Cover shall
be fire resistant. Belt shall have a cover tensile strength of not less
than [_____] kPa pounds per square inch (psi) and friction between plies of
not less than [_____] kPa pounds per inch. Belt shall have vulcanized
splice.
2.10.8.4
Electric Motor
Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque, [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60
Hz, not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND
DRIVES. Motor shall be direct connected by means of flexible coupling with
guard to a reduction gear.
2.10.8.5
Reduction Gear
Alloy steel helical gear type enclosed in oiltight housing. Provide an
adjustable base for motor and reducer unit. Drive from the output shaft of
the speed reducer to the conveyor head shaft shall be by means of finished
steel roller chain conforming to ASME B16.39 running over cut tooth
sprockets conforming to ASME B29.100 and complete with steel plate chain
guard. Roller chain attachments shall also conform to ASME B29.100.
Properly tension drive chain.
2.10.8.6
Backstop
Differential band brake type, cam type, or internal type to prevent
reversal of belt.
2.10.8.7
Idlers
Flat type with 125 mm 5 inch diameter steel shells, malleable iron end
brackets, grease sealed roller-type antifriction bearings, and
self-cleaning angle bases. Idler spacing shall be not greater than 1372 mm
4 feet 6 inches. Return idler shall be of the flat single-pulley type
having 125 mm 5 inch diameter steel shells, grease sealed roller-type
antifriction bearings spaced on not more than [_____] meters feet on
center. Provide self-aligning training type idlers, as required, to ensure
proper training of the belt. Provide additional idlers, as required,
beneath track or truck hopper for support of belt and coal and to properly
protect belt from impact caused by coal. Extend grease pipes to one side
for four point lubrication from tunnel walkway.
2.10.8.8
Load Skirts
Steel plate 6.35 mm 1/4 inch thick supported by structural brackets from
conveyor frame. Skirts shall have rubber strips along bottom edge to seal
the belt. Strips shall be easily adjustable by means of a clamp bar
arrangement not requiring slotted bolt holes.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 78
2.10.8.9
Frame, Supports, and Enclosure
Construct frame of either structural steel channel side stringers properly
tied and braced for support of head and foot shafts with 12 gage ( 2.66 mm
0.1046 inch) steel deck plate full length of feeder, or integrally formed
plate conveyor and deck frame. Support idlers from conveyor frame.
Support frame from floor of tunnel [by steel channel legs] [as indicated].
Completely enclose feeder in a dust-tight enclosure constructed of not less
than 10 gage ( 3.42 mm 0.1345 inch) steel plate with easily removable
gasketed side panels containing handles at each panel end.
2.10.8.10
Loading Hopper
Constructed of not less than 10 mm 3/8 inch thick steel plate connected to
bottom flange of the track or truck hopper. Provide an adjustable
regulating gate adjacent to loading hopper for regulating height of coal on
the belt.
2.10.8.11
Vibrating Feeder
Flat pan type vibrating feeder to convey coal from day hopper to belt
conveyor. Pan shall be [_____] mm inches wide by [_____] mm inches long,
with 150 mm 6 inch sides, constructed of 6 mm 1/4 inch thick stainless
steel. Provide feeder with integral electromechanical drive and a remote
controller. Controller shall contain operating switches and rate of flow
adjustment and the power source for the feeder drive. Controller shall be
designed for 460 volt, 60 Hz. supply voltage. Support feeder from hopper.
2.10.9
[Shallow-In-Built Bar Flight Feeder and Receiving Hopper
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Determine by an economic analysis and a
technical evaluation if shallow-in-built bar flight
feeders and receiving hoppers might be used instead
of track or truck hoppers with belt feeders.
**************************************************************************
Bar flight feeder shall be totally enclosed, dusttight type with
shallow-in-built [track] [truck] hopper. Bar flight feeder shall have a
horizontal length of [_____] meters feet [_____] mm inchesbetween sprocket
centers, operate at not greater than [_____] m/s fpm, and have a capacity
of not less than [_____] Mg tons per hour of [_____] size coal. Provide
feeder complete with continuous chains and attached bars, terminal
sprockets, gears, shafts, bearings, troughs, enclosure, frames, [truck]
[track] hopper, grating, regulating gate, hinged inspection doors,
discharge chute, electric motor, reduction gear, and supports.
2.10.9.1
Head and Foot Shafts
Head and foot shafts shall be not less than [_____] and [_____] mm [_____]
and [_____] inches in diameter, respectively. Construct shafts of cold
rolled steel and mount in antifriction roller bearings. Mount head shaft
in fixed pillow blocks and foot shaft shall have screw-type takeups with
not less than [_____] mm inches adjustment.
2.10.9.2
Terminal Sprockets
Cast iron with chilled rims not less than 380 mm 15 inches in diameter.
Foot shaft sprockets shall be split type in two 180 degree sections to
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 79
c.
Bearings and Hangers: Provide thrust bearings and trough end dust
seals for both drive and tail bearings. Thrust bearings shall be
bronze in antifriction pillow blocks. Screw hanger bearings shall be
babitted-type, with cast iron hangers having removable bearing caps
held in place by a U-bolt. Design hangers to fit inside the conveyor
trough and equip bearings for grease lubrication with grease fittings
penetrating dust cover to allow bearings to be greased without removing
dust cover. Hangers shall not be located at trough joints, feed, or
discharge openings. Locate hangers at not less than [ 3.66 meter 12
foot intervals for screw diameters larger than 250 mm 10 inches] [and] [
3 meter 10 foot intervals for screw diameters 250 mm 10 inchesin
diameter and smaller].
d.
Conveyor Screws and Couplings: Construct conveyor screws of
helocoid-type flights and connect with cold rolled steel couplings.
Assemble conveyor screws so that at the hangers there is 180 degrees
rotation between flight ends of each adjacent screw section. Screw
flight shall end over last discharge spout so bare pipe extends across
this area to prevent material carry-over.
e.
Electric Motor: Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque, [_____]
volt, three phase, 60 Hz, not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in
the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES. Install motor at discharge end of
conveyor. Motor shall be supported by a unit bracket attached to the
screw conveyor trough end plate and connected to reduction gear through
a V-belt drive. Reduction gear shall be shaft mounted, double
reduction type mounted directly on the conveyor shaft. Provide tie
rods, when required, to prevent reduction gear rotation and for
adjusting belt tension.
f.
Service Platforms: Conform to OSHA regulations as indicated to
properly maintain and service conveyor drive unit.
2.13.6
Bucket Elevator
Provide a dusttight bucket elevator centrifugal discharge type, having
approximately [_____] meters feet [_____] mm inch sprocket centers,
vertical chain and bucket, operating at a speed not to exceed [_____] m/s
fpm, and having a capacity of not less than [_____] Mg tons per hour of 640
kg per cubic meter 40 pounds per cubic foot ash. Provide bucket elevator
complete with continuous chain and attached buckets, sprockets, gears,
shafts, bearings, casing, top hood, discharge spout, bottom boot, access
doors, electric motor, reduction gear, service platform, and accessories.
2.13.6.1
Head and Foot Shafts
Not less than [_____] and [_____] mm [_____] and [_____] inches in
diameter, respectively. Construct shafts of cold rolled steel and mount in
antifriction roller bearings with forced lubricating type fittings. Mount
foot shaft in fixed pillow blocks. Head shaft shall have screw-type
takeups with not less than [_____] mm inches adjustment.
2.13.6.2
Terminal Sprockets
Cast iron with chilled rims. Head sprocket shall be not less than [_____]
mm inches in diameter and foot sprocket not less than [_____] mm inches in
diameter.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 114
2.13.6.3
Buckets ands Chain
Construct buckets of malleable iron not less than 200 mm long, 127 mm wide,
and 140 mm deep 8 inches long, 5 inches wide, and 5 1/2 inches deep.
Buckets shall be mounted by not less than four bolt attachments to a single
strand of steel bushed chain having an ultimate strength of not less than
178 kN 40,000 pounds and pitch of 100 mm 4 inches. Bucket spacing shall
not be greater than 406 mm 16 inches.
2.13.6.4
Backstop
Differential band brake type to prevent reversal of chain and buckets in
case of power failure.
2.13.6.5
Elevator Casing
Not less than 298 by 991 mm 11 3/4 by 39 inch internal dimension and
constructed of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild
steel plate with 50 by 50 by 6 mm 2 by 2 by 1/4 inch corner angles for full
height of elevator casing. Fabricate casing in standard sections from 3 to
3.66 meters 10 to 12 feet high with 50 by 50 by 6 mm 2 by 2 by 1/4 inch
angle flanges at the end of each section. Provide a hinged inspection door
not less than 610 by 762 mm 24 by 30 inches in the section immediately
above the boot section and where indicated. Casing and inspection doors
shall be of dusttight construction with flange angles continuously welded
and gasketed. No makeshift repairs or field patching to overcome leakage
shall be permitted. Coat casing interior with not less than 1.60 mm 1/16
inch thick coal tar primer and enamel conforming to SSPC PS 11.01.
2.13.6.6
Head Section
Construct of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild steel
plate in heavy angle frame with split, hinged, and removable top cover hood
built of not less than 10 gage ( 3.42 mm 0.1345 inch) commercial hot rolled
mild steel plate and flanged discharge throat built of not less than 5 mm
3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild steel plate. Design head section to
support the drive machinery and head bearings. Provide access ladder and
service platform conforming to applicable OSHA regulations as indicated for
providing proper service and maintenance of elevator.
2.13.6.7
Boot Section
Construct of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild steel
plate in heavy angle frame with curved and renewable bottom plate and
renewable internal loading leg, both built of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch
commercial hot rolled mild steel plate, and flanged inlet. Mount take-up
and foot terminal bearing on one side of boot in a bolted removable side
panel so foot shaft and sprocket may be removed through side of the door.
Bolt end panels so they are removable for cleanout and inspection.
2.13.6.8
Electric Motor
Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque, [_____] volt, three phase, 60
Hz, not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND
DRIVES, direct connected by means of flexible coupling to a reduction gear
unit having alloy steel herringbone or helical gears and antifriction
bearings enclosed in oiltight housing. Provide an adjustable base for
motor and reduction gear unit. Drive, from the output speed shaft of the
reduction gear to the elevator head shaft, shall be by means of finished
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 115
steel roller chain running over cut tooth sprockets, complete with steel
plate chain guard. Roller chain, sprockets, and roller chain attachments
shall conform to ASME B29.100.
2.13.6.9
Anchoring Brackets
Provide steel brackets as indicated at intervals for anchoring elevator to
increase rigidity.
2.13.6.10
Discharge Chute
Construct of not less than 10 mm 3/8 inch thick steel plate and attach to
ash silo.
2.13.7
Ash Storage Silo
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use enclosures for silo roof and unloader
level in climates where protection of equipment and
personnel from the weather is desired.
**************************************************************************
[_____] meters feet in diameter with [_____] meters feet high walls with a
live bottom and flyash storage capacity of not less than [_____] Mg tons,
based on ash bulk density of 640 kg per cubic meter 40 pounds per cubic foot
for volumetric sizing. Structural joints shall be dusttight and
watertight. Provide columns, beams, bracing, and other structural members
as required for complete erection of silo and accessories. Live storage
capacity shall allow for 20 degree angle of repose from silo outlet.
Height of silo storage shall not be more than twice the diameter. Provide
a minimum of one meter 3 feet of freeboard above the ash level. Provide
support steel design approved by the ash system supplier. Design silo in
accordance with ICC UBC. Design shall take into account seismic load, wind
load, snow load, equipment loads and an ash bulk density of 1120 kg per
cubic meter 70 pounds per cubic foot. Ash silo support shall be free
standing and of sufficient height to allow gravity discharge of ash through
the rotary ash conditioner to a [truck] [railroad car]. Provide access
stair tower with intermediate platforms at 3.66 meters 12 feet intervals
for access to ash conditioner level, silo floor level and silo roof level.
Platforms from adjacent structures with stair access may be provided in
lieu of the stair tower, but ladders with safety cages and access platforms
shall then be also provided. Provide ladder with stainless steel fall
prevention device on inside of silo from manhole in top of silo to bottom
of silo. [Provide silo roof enclosure and unloader room enclosure each
with single one by 2 meters 3 by 7 feet access door, [_____] by [_____]
meter [_____] by [_____] feet double door, two windows, ventilator,
[heater], insulated metal panel siding to match boiler plant walls and
electrical lighting and convenience receptacles. Unloader room enclosure
shall have reinforced concrete floor.]
2.13.7.1
Construction
Construct silo of steel with refractory lining or of concrete staves with
steel hoops and concrete roof. Roof accessories shall include manhole,
relief valve and vent filter. Bottom of silo shall be [conical, sloped a
minimum of 45 degrees] [flat with a steel plate feeding hopper in bottom of
silo to funnel the ash into the inlet of the rotary vane feeder]. Provide
hopper with expansion joints and sufficient poke holes with cover or cap.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 116
pillow blocks. Foot shaft shall have screw-type takeups with not less than
[_____] mm inches adjustment.
2.10.11.2
Terminal Sprockets
Cast iron with chilled rims and not less than 8 teeth.
be keyed on shaft and the other shall be free to turn.
2.10.11.3
One sprocket shall
Flights and Chain
Construct flights not less than [457] [508] [610] [762] mm [18] [20] [24]
[30] inches long and [200] [250] mm [8] [10] inches high of not less than 6
mm 1/4 inch thick abrasion resistant steel. Mount flights at not greater
than [457] [508] [610] [914] mm [18] [20] [24] [36] inch intervals between
two matched strands of steel bushed roller chain having [_____] mm inch
pitch and an ultimate strength of not less than [_____] kg pounds per each
strand. Chain shall have [_____] by [_____] mm inch high carbon steel side
bars, high carbon steel, heat-treated pins, carbon steel case-hardened
bushings, and [_____] mm inch diameter single flange chilled gray iron or
chrome iron rollers. Support chain so that chain does not lie or run in
coal.
2.10.11.4
Frame and Enclosure
Construct conveyor frame of structural steel properly tied and braced,
complete with track for both the carrying and return run of chain of not
less than 80 by 80 by 10 mm 3 by 3 by 3/8 inch steel angles with not less
than 6 mm 1/4 inch high renewable molybdenum steel wear bars. Enclosure
shall be dust-tight of not less than 10 gage ( 3.42 mm 0.1345 inch) hot
rolled steel plate with easily removable side panels containing handles at
each panel end. Enclosure shall have hinged inspection doors 600 mm 24
inches wide and full height of the enclosure opposite loading hopper and at
each discharge chute. End panels shall be hinged and removable for access
to the chain sprockets.
2.10.11.5
Trough
Not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick corrosion resistant steel plate made in
boxlike U-shape. Trough shall be removable in not more than 2.44 meters 8
foot long sections and constructed with flanged discharge openings where
indicated.
2.10.11.6
Loading Hopper
Steel plate not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick sloped at not less than 60
degrees.
2.10.11.7
Outlets
Bottom of trough shall have [_____] outlets not less than [457] [508] [610]
[762] mm [18] [20] [24] [30] inches long with gates to discharge coal into
cylindrical bunkers. Provide outlets with deflection plate type baffle
designed to make coal drop straight down into bunker.
2.10.11.8
Electric Motor
Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque, [_____] volt, three phase, 60
Hz, not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND
DRIVES. Motor shall be directly connected by means of flexible coupling to
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 83
a reduction gear.
2.10.11.9
Gates
Provide coal gates on bottom trough of flight conveyor, immediately under
outlets. Opening shall be [_____] mm inch square with motor operated slide
gates for controlling discharge to each bunker. Provide double rack and
pinion type gates driven by not less than 0.56 kW 3/4 hp motor. Provide
limit switches for signal lights, control and interlocking. Provide
outlets from gates with a 6 mm 1/4 inch abrasion resistant steel plate
discharge chute.
2.10.11.10
Reduction Gear
Alloy steel helical or herringbone gear type with antifriction bearings
enclosed in oiltight housing. Provide an adjustable base for motor and
reduction gear. Drive from output shaft of motor reducer to conveyor head
shaft shall be by means of standard finished steel roller chain conforming
to ASME B29.100 running over cut tooth sprockets conforming to
ASME B29.100 and complete with steel plate chain guard. Roller chain
attachments shall conform to ASME B29.100. Provide means to properly
tension drive chain.
2.10.12
Belt Conveyor
Inclined and approximately [_____] meters feet between pulley centers,
operated at a speed not to exceed [_____] m/s fpm, and have a capacity of
not less than [_____] Mg tons per hour of [_____] size coal. Provide belt
conveyor complete with continuous belt, shafts, pulleys, idlers, takeups,
belt cleaner, frame with conveyor cover and walkway, transfer chute,
hopper, emergency stop cord and switch, alignment switch, reduction gear,
electric motor, bin high level limit switch and alarm.
2.10.12.1
Head and Foot Shafts
Construct shafts of turned and polished cold rolled steel not less than
[_____] and [_____] mm [_____] and [_____] inches in diameter,
respectively. Mount shafts in antifriction roller bearings with forced
lubricating type fittings. Mount head shaft in fixed pillow blocks. Foot
shaft shall have screw-type takeups with not less than [_____] mm inches
adjustment.
2.10.12.2
Takeups
[Three pulley guided vertical counter weighted type] [Screw type] to
maintain proper belt tension. Shafts shall be as specified above and not
less than [_____] mm inches in diameter. Provide a safety device to
prevent free fall of takeup pulley. Takeups shall provide a minimum
adjustment of 1.5 percent of total belt length.
2.10.12.3
Pulleys
Welded steel type with detachable compression grip-type hubs, steel plate
ends, and crown faces 50 mm 2 inches wider than the belt width.
Provide a multiple belt scraper at each head pulley.
2.10.12.4
Magnetic Pulley
Drive pulley of [_____] conveyor shall be a nonelectric permanent magnet
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 84
type designed to remove tramp iron.
tramp iron.
2.10.12.5
Provide a removable pan to collect
Belt
Synthetic fabric, not less than [_____] mm inches wide, a minimum of
[_____] ply, with 3 mm 1/8 inch thick oil and chemical resistant cover on
carrying side, [1.59] [0.79] mm [1/16] [1/32] inch thick oil and chemical
resistant rubber cover on under side. Cover shall be fire resistant. Belt
shall have a tension pull strength of not less than [_____] N per mm pounds
per inch of belt width. Belt shall have vulcanized splice.
2.10.12.6
Electric Motor
Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque, [_____] volt, three phase, 60
Hz, not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND
DRIVES. Motor shall be direct connected by means of flexible coupling with
guard to a reduction gear.
2.10.12.7
Reduction Gear
Alloy steel helical gear type enclosed in an oiltight housing. Provide an
adjustable base for mounting motor and reducing unit. Drive from output
shaft of speed reducer to conveyor head shaft shall be by means of finished
steel roller chain conforming to ASME B29.100 running over cut tooth
sprockets conforming to ASME B29.100 and complete with steel plate chain
guard. Roller chain attachments shall conform to ASME B29.100. Provide
means to properly tension drive chain.
2.10.12.8
Backstop
Differential band brake type, cam type, or internal type to prevent
reversal of belt.
2.10.12.9
Emergency Stop Cord and Switch
Provide emergency stop cord the length of the conveyor to actuate a switch
for stopping the conveyor. Switch shall have flag to indicate actuated
switch and shall have positive safety lock that cannot be accidentally
reset. Cord shall be not less than 2.38 mm 3/32 inch galvanized aircraft
cable with a minimum 1.19 mm 3/64 inch vinyl or nylon protective coating.
Provide sufficient number of switches to prevent cable weight from
actuating switch.
2.10.12.10
Belt Alignment Switch
Provide belt alignment switches on each side of the belt mounted off
conveyor frame or discharge chute to stop conveyor under belt misalignment
or runoff conditions. Mount switches on breakaway mounts to prevent damage
from runaway belt.
2.10.12.11
Idlers
Troughing idlers shall be [20] [35] degree three-pulley type with 125 mm 5
inch diameter steel shells, malleable iron end brackets, grease sealed
roller type antifriction bearings, and self-cleaning angle bases.
Troughing idler spacing shall be not greater than 1.37 meters 4 feet 6
inches, with additional idlers at the loading point. Return idler shall be
flat single-pulley type having 125 mm 5 inch diameter steel shells, grease
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 85
sealed roller type antifriction bearings and spaced not more than 3 meters
10 feet on center. Provide self-aligning training type trough and return
idlers at not greater than 15.24 meters 50 foot intervals to ensure proper
training of belt. Extend grease pipes to one side for four point
lubrication from walkway.
2.10.12.12
Load Skirts
Not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick steel plate and supported by structural
brackets from conveyor frame. Skirts shall have rubber strips along bottom
edge to seal belt. Strips shall be easily adjustable by means of a clamp
bar arrangement not requiring slotted bolt holes.
2.10.12.13
Frame, Supports, and Walkway
Frame shall be structural steel truss type with head and foot terminals
framed of structural steel. Support frame from grade on structural
A-frames set on concrete footings as indicated. Support idlers on not less
than 150 mm 6 inch channel stringers braced and tied to structural steel
truss frame. Provide a 12 gage ( 2.66 mm 0.1046 inch) steel deck plate for
full length of conveyor. Provide a curved belt cover constructed of not
less than 16 gage ( 1.52 mm 0.0598 inch) corrugated galvanized metal having
removable panels on walkway side for access to idlers. Provide walkway not
less than 914 mm 36 incheswide, supported from structural steel framing for
entire length of conveyor. Walkway shall be complete with handrails and
metal nonslip grating meeting requirements of 29 CFR 1910-SUBPART D,
Walking and Working Surfaces.
2.10.12.14
Discharge Hopper
Construct of not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick steel plate to discharge on
a discharge chute. Provide a discharge hood built of 10 gage ( 3.42 mm
0.1345 inch) steel plate enclosing top, front, and sides above discharge
hopper.
2.10.13
Coal Scales
Stationary, automatic, dust-proof, belt-fed, batch type with rated capacity
of not less than [_____] Mg tons per hour and a hopper capacity of 91 kg
200 pounds. Coal scales shall be complete units, including body, belt
feeder, feeder drive, bypass, weighing mechanism, weigh hopper, controls,
counters, and remaining items required to make a completely automatic coal
scale.
2.10.13.1
Body
Dusttight, of welded heavy steel plate construction with base angles not
less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick. Top plate, bypass plate, and reducer
mounting plate shall be not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick, with other
plates of not less than 11 gage ( 3.04 mm 0.1196 inch) steel plate.
Provide large, gasketed, dusttight doors with adjustable pre-set
compression type latches and forged steel hinges for inspection and
maintenance purposes. Door openings shall be sufficient to allow removal
of feeder and hopper without removal of screws or bolts.
2.10.13.2
Feeder
A self-contained unit with an endless belt which is capable of being
removed from one end or side. Construct feeder of heavy rigid steel frame
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 86
with an 11 gage ( 3.04 mm 0.1196 inch) stainless steel plate to support the
belt on the carrying run. Head and takeup shafts shall be cold rolled
steel carried on self-aligning ball bearings equipped with dust seals and
fitted for pressure lubrications. Bearings shall be capable of being
lubricated during scale operation. Takeup shaft shall have screw-type
takeup bearings and pulleys shall be crown faced steel for proper belt
tracking.
2.10.13.3
Feed Belt
Channel type and of endless construction without splice. Belt shall be not
less than 7.94 mm 5/16 inch thick of three ply heavy fabric core
construction with chemical and abrasion resistant rubber coating. Feeder
skirts and leveling plate shall be stainless steel and shall be arranged to
provide a continuous stream of constant width and depth coal on the feed
belt.
2.10.13.4
Electric Motor And Drive
Totally enclosed [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz, with heavy duty
reduction gear not less than 0.56 kW 3/4 hp as specified in the paragraph
MOTORS AND DRIVES. Scale shall be capable of bypassing coal without
disconnection of drive. Drive disconnection shall not be required for
feeder removal unless special provisions are made for a quick and simple
drive disconnection.
2.10.13.5
Coal Bypass
Provide a quick-operating coal bypass with an easily operable lever located
on the outside of scale body. Operating lever operation shall instantly
bypass coal around the feeder section and weighing mechanism without
release of belt tension to prevent entry of coal between belt and pulley or
support plates. Bypass construction shall not restrict inlet opening size
for normal scale operation.
2.10.13.6
Weighing Mechanism
Enclose in a dusttight compartment. Construct of cold rolled steel for
minimum deflection, warp, and twist. Pivot points shall be self-aligning
with hardened double bearing surfaces. Weighing mechanism shall be
complete with weight lever, tare adjustment, and compensator, [with design
subject to approval by the Contracting Officer], and scale shall be
guaranteed to weigh coal accurately within 0.25 percent.
2.10.13.7
Scale Weigh Hopper
Construct scale weigh hopper and discharge gate of not less than 14 gage
stainless steel plate, continuously welded and stiffened with angle irons.
Weigh hopper shall be of such design and construction to ensure clean
discharge.
2.10.13.8
Controls
Provide controls, except those required for weigh hopper discharge,
prewired and located in a NEMA [12] [3] dusttight enclosure. Provide
circuit breaker interlocked with electrical panel door. Control circuits
shall be two wire nominal 120 volt systems obtained by using an isolation
transformer with one side grounded and wired to a single terminal block
which shall be included in the electrical panel. Segregate circuits of
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 87
inches below level of overflow level of storage tank.
m.
[ n.
Furnish pipe, fittings, controls, specialties, bolts, gaskets, drains,
and valves, necessary for proper attachment of accessories and
trimmings and install.
Oil separator
]2.15.2.7
Connections
Provide necessary connections for condensate, steam, makeup water, removal
of vented gases, vacuum breakers, discharge of deaerated water, and
instruments and controls.
a.
Provide heater connections as follows:
(1)
[_____] mm inch steam inlet
(2)
[_____] mm inch makeup water inlet
(3)
[_____] mm inch condensate
(4)
[_____] mm inch high pressure trap return
(5)
[_____] relief valves sized as required
(6)
[_____] mm inch vent
(7)
[_____] mm inch for thermometer well
(8)
[_____] mm inch for pressure gage
(9)
Vacuum Breakers:
As required
(10) [_____] mm inch heater drain
(11) [_____] mm inch spare [capped] [flanged]
(12) [_____] mm inch spare [capped] [flanged]
(13) Handholes And Manhole:
b.
With covers
Tank connections shall include:
(1)
[_____] mm inch drain
(2)
[_____] mm inch boiler feed recirculation ([_____] required)
(3)
25 mm One inch sampling
(4)
25 mm One inch chemical feed
(5)
[_____] mm inch for sight glass ([_____] sets required)
(6)
[_____] mm inch for high and low level alarm switches
(7)
[_____] mm inch thermometer well
(8)
Vacuum Breakers:
As required
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 124
(9)
[_____] mm inch spare (capped)
(10) [_____] mm inch spare (flanged)
(11) [_____] mm inch level transmitter and controller ([_____] sets
required)
(12) Downcomer And Equalizer:
As required
(13) [_____] mm inch feedwater outlet
(14) [_____] mm inch overflow outlet with internal water seal
2.15.2.8
Level Control
Provide an automatic control system to control the water level in the
storage tank, by modulating valves in the makeup water lines. Output of
condensate pump shall be controlled by level in condensate storage tank.
a.
Controllers: Provide external cage type air operated level controllers
for both the condensate and makeup water lines complete with 40 mm 1
1/2 inch screwed connections, external cage, and controller. Cage body
shall be Class 125 cast iron construction. Internal components
including displacer, torque tube, displacer rod, displacer rod driver
and bearings shall be 316 stainless steel. Displacer shall be 356 mm
14 inches long. Controller shall be direct acting with 20 to 103 kPa
(gage) 3 to 15 psig range with proportional band adjustment. Locate
controller to maintain an operating level at 2/3 full point of storage
tank. Provide level controller with air pressure reducing valve,
filter, gages and isolating valves for float cage. Provide unions on
each side of float cage.
b.
Air Operated Regulating Valves: Provide air operated control valves
for both the condensate and makeup water lines. Valves shall have
Class 125 or Class 150 rating with iron or semi-steel bodies and 316
stainless steel internals. Provide condensate valve which fails open
on loss of air and makeup water valve with an air lock mounted on valve
diaphragm to hold valve in last position on loss of air. Design valves
for the following conditions:
Condensate
Makeup Water
Valve size
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Capacity
[_____] L/s
[_____] L/s
Maximum pressure drop at above
capacity
[_____] kPa (gage)
[_____] kPa (gage)
Available pressure
[_____] kPa (gage)
[_____] kPa (gage)
Minimum Cv at 100 percent open
[_____]
[_____]
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 125
bearing rollers with 16 gage ( 1.52 mm 0.0598 inch) stainless steel shells
equipped with felt grease seals and stainless steel grease retainers.
Provide rollers with grease fittings extended through valve body for
pressure lubrication. Gate shall be U-shaped with ladder racks on both
sides and shall be constructed of not less than 15.90 mm 5/8 inch thick
mild steel lined with 11 gage ( 3.04 mm 0.1196 inch) 410 stainless steel
plate. Gate design shall be such that supporting rollers, racks, and
pinions are located completely out of coal stream. Racks shall be cold
formed and self-cleaning, with stainless steel, self cleaning pinions over
racks.
2.10.16.3
Operating Shaft
Mount operating shaft in ball bearings with felt seals, stainless steel
shells, stainless steel grease retainers, and grease fittings. Mount a
reduction gear on the gate shaft and provide an ample gate clearance pocket
in the body to ensure ease of operation through a standing column of coal.
Handwheel for operating valve shall be not less than 457 mm 18 inches in
diameter.
2.10.17
Chutes
Construct coal chutes dusttight as indicated of not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch
thick 410 stainless steel plate. Weld chutes with flanges located as
indicated to facilitate equipment and chute section removal. Flanges shall
be not less than 10 mm 3/8 inch thick steel and gasketed to maintain
dust-tight seal. Provide poke holes and access panels where indicated.
2.10.18
Coal Presence Indicators and Equipment Response Switches
May be of the following types and shall be interlocked with coal handling
controls to indicate equipment failures, coal stoppages, and provide for a
semi-automatic system. Enclosures for components shall meet requirements
of NEMA Type 7, Class I, Division I, Groups C and D, and NEMA Type 9, Class
II, Division I, Groups E, F, and G.
2.10.18.1
Type A - Diaphragm Type Presence Indicator
Pressure-sensitive to presence of coal consisting of housing, diaphragm,
limit switches, wiring, and mounting bracket flanges. Housing shall be
either cast iron, stainless steel, or protected cast aluminum, with
synthetic diaphragm as recommended for coarse slightly abrasive materials.
Diaphragm deflection shall actuate a limit switch to indicate coal
presence. Design unit so that maintenance, diaphragm replacement and
sensitivity adjustment can be made from outside the bin. Type and number
of contacts and voltages shall be as indicated on control diagrams.
2.10.18.2
Type B - Paddle Type Presence Indicator
Paddle mounted on a counterweighted horizontal shaft so that deflection of
paddle rotates a cam which actuates a limit switch in a control box mounted
on the shaft. Unit shall consist of paddle, shaft, enclosure, limit
switches, wiring, and mounting brackets. Shaft shall be cold rolled steel
and paddle shall be stainless steel with control enclosure of cast iron,
stainless steel, or suitably protected cast aluminum. Type and number of
contacts and voltages shall be as indicated on control diagram. Mount
shaft in ball bearings equipped with suitable dust seals and fittings for
pressure grease lubrication.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 90
2.10.18.3
Type C - Tilt Type Presence Indicator
Conical steel float that shall be tilted by presence of coal. Unit shall
consist of housing, conical float, universal pivot-collar, pendant
mechanism, dust seal, limit switches, wiring, and mounting brackets. Unit
shall operate so that tilting of float actuates a limit switch in enclosed
housing above. Provide a hood constructed according to manufacturer's
recommendations for the indicator's location of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch
thick steel plate. Provide access panel for servicing the unit. Tilt
type indicator may be a totally enclosed type in which tilting causes a
ball to roll off the center actuating a limit switch. Design unit to be
cable hung and to tilt on presence of coal. Type and number of contacts
and voltages shall be as indicated on control diagram.
2.10.18.4
Type D - Rotating Type Presence Indicator
Rotating paddle where presence of coal stalls motor and actuates a limit
switch. Unit shall have either cast iron or cast aluminum housing,
stainless steel paddle, couplings, and flexible shaft. Shaft seal shall be
spring loaded and shall prevent buildup of fines between shaft and hub.
Operation shall be such that when paddle stalls motor continues to operate
until limit switch is actuated, which in turn shuts off current to motor.
Vane and baffle arrangements shall be according to manufacturer's
recommendations for each indicator location. Type and number of contacts
and voltages shall be as indicated on control diagrams.
2.10.18.5
Type E - Vibrating Type Presence Indicator
Vibrating sensing rod so that presence of coal dampens vibrations actuating
a control signal. Sensing rod shall be stainless steel not less than 10 mm
3/8 inch in diameter. Control unit shall be solid state, with type and
number of contacts and voltages as indicated on control diagrams.
2.10.18.6
Equipment Speed Response Switch
Actuates a control signal when preset abnormal equipment operating
conditions are encountered. Switch shall be adjustable so that it may be
used as an underspeed switch, overspeed switch, or zero speed switch.
Switch shall consist of input shaft from which the equipment speed is
measured and compared to a preset point. Enclosure shall be cast iron or
suitably protected cast aluminum. Mount speed response switches as
indicated. Type of switch adjustment, type and number of contacts, and
voltages shall be as indicated on control diagrams.
2.10.18.7
Presence Indicators and Response Switches
Provide at hoppers and conveyor discharges located and protected according
to manufacturer's recommendations to ensure safe and reliable operation.
Mount presence indicators in such a manner that they will not be damaged by
occasional large lumps or falsely operated by stray lumps or collected
amounts of coal.
2.10.19
Control Panel and Controls
Provide a semi-automatic control system for coal handling system as
indicated.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 91
2.10.19.1
Control Panel
NEMA 12 construction, centrally located in main plant control room. Panel
front shall include a system graphic display as indicated. Display shall
be approximately to scale and painted with an industrial acrylic enamel.
Outline each item with 3 mm 1/8 inch wide black lines. Lettering shall be
on engraved plastic screwed to front of panel, with white letters on a
black background. Provide controls for operation on [_____] volt, [_____]
phase, 60 Hz ac. Panel shall be complete with an annunciator and
interlocks, relays, switches, running and safety lights, and auxiliary
parts necessary to safely control and operate the system. Items located in
door shall be dust-tight and oil tight with push-to-test transformer type
indicating lights. Control relays shall be 10 amp, 600 volt class with
convertible contacts. Provide and mark terminals for connections with the
exception of the neutral. Panel shall contain [_____] percent spare
terminals. Wiring shall be No. 14 AWG type THHN stranded. Neutral wire
shall be white. Color code and label wiring of 120 volts or less. Provide
plastic wire duct of sufficient size to provide [_____] percent cross
sectional spare. Wiring shall be in accordance with requirements of NFPA 70.
a.
Panel Devices: Control panel shall include the following indicating
lights and color:
(1)
Power - ON
red
(2)
System Run (3 required)
Rail unloading hopper to boiler plant
green
Rail unloading hopper to storage yard
green
Reclaim hopper to boiler plant
green
(3)
Rail unloading hopper surfactant sprays - ON
green
(4)
Reclaim hopper surfactant sprays - ON
green
(5)
Belt feeders - ON (one required for each feeder)
green
(6)
Reversible belt conveyor to stackout conveyor - ON
green
(7)
Reversible belt conveyor to transfer belt conveyor - ON
green
(8)
Transfer belt conveyor - ON
green
(9)
Stackout tube belt conveyor -
ON
green
(10) Reclaim belt conveyor - ON
green
(11) Bucket elevator belt conveyor - ON
green
(12) Bucket elevator - ON
green
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 92
in Section 23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.
]2.15.5
Variable Speed Motor Control
Remotely installed cabinet housed units with solid state rectification and
inverter equipment to vary frequency of electrical power to drive motors.
2.15.5.1
Housing
House controller in a [wall] [floor] mounted, NEMA [_____] enclosure
finished with manufacturers standard painted finish. Provide control panel
complete with fused disconnect switches, magnetic [across the line] [part
winding] starters with thermal overload protection, transformer,
hand-off-automatic selector switches, hand potentiometer for manual speed
control, fuses and running lights.
a.
Provide the manual switch within the control panel so that in the event
failure of a component, motor can be put across the line at full
voltage to maintain air or pump pressure. Provide a mechanical door
interlock that allows panel to open only when fused disconnect is in
the off position.
b.
Variable Frequency Controllers: Variable frequency controllers shall
use solid-state semiconductor power conversion equipment. Provide
controllers as integrated and assembled products. Controllers shall be
furnished by the same manufacturer.
(1) Each controller shall be rated for a supply of [_____] volts,
three phase, 60 Hz. Output shall be [_____] volts, three phase
with frequency variable between zero and 60 Hz. Controllers shall
be rated to operate motors continuously at their rated horsepower
and frequency. Speed regulation shall be three percent or better
without tachometer feedback. Electrical supply system has an
available short circuit rating of [_____] amperes symmetrical.
(2) Each controller shall be capable of driving motor continuously at
a lower speed no greater than 20 percent of full rated motor speed
with stable operation and without overheating the motor under
rated ambient conditions. Provide estimate of minimum speed at
which motor can be operated continuously without overheating or
problems of instability due to overhauling of load.
c.
Provide controller fault protection so that a single or three phase
short circuit at the controller terminals or inverter commutation
failure will not result in damage to power circuit components. Provide
overload protection so that motor and controller are protected against
operating overloads.
d.
Provide adjustable time delay undervoltage protection so that motors
will continue to operate during momentary voltage fluctuation or loss
of voltage. Time adjustment shall be zero to 5 seconds. Provide for
orderly shutdown on undervoltage conditions exceeding the time delay
interval.
e.
Provide adjustable timed linear acceleration and deceleration.
f.
Provide volts/Hz control to prevent motor overheating throughout the
speed range.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 132
g.
Provide door interlocks to prevent opening of enclosure doors unless
power is disconnected.
h.
Controllers shall be self protecting and shall provide orderly shutdown
for, but not limited to, the following conditions:
(1) Loss of input power
(2) Undervoltage
(3) Sustained gradual overload
(4) Fault or large instantaneous overload
(5) Overtemperature
(6) Failure of ventilating system
(7) Overvoltage
(8) Control circuit failure
Provide contacts for remote annunciation of shutdown or abnormal condition.
i.
Electrical Bypass: Provide each controller with manual isolation and
bypass switching. Switch shall be manually operated with controller
deenergized. Switch shall be two position with provisions for locking
switch in either position.
(1) Normal Position: Bypass shall be open and controller shall be
connected to supply circuit and load.
(2) Bypass Position: Bypass shall be closed and controller shall be
electronically isolated from supply and load. Isolating contacts
shall be located so that it is possible to verify by visual
inspection that contacts are open and controller is electrically
isolated. In the bypass position the motor shall be operated at
constant speed and controlled from the air circuit breaker.
Provide auxiliary contacts that close in the bypass position.
Auxiliary contacts shall be used to activate the damper control to
provide fan load control in the bypass position.
2.15.5.2
Controller Environmental Protection
a.
Ventilation: Design controllers enclosed and ventilated for
installation in a moderately dusty area. Provide forced filtered
ventilation including fans, filters, controls and accessories required
for operation. Enclosures shall be operated under positive pressure at
all times. Provide filtered ventilating openings and gasketed doors to
prevent infiltration of dust.
b.
Heating: Provide electric heaters to prevent condensation in the
enclosure and to prevent low ingoing air temperatures that exceed the
equipment rating. Provide a low temperature alarm to sound when
enclosure temperature falls below required minimum temperature.
Provide contacts for remote annunciation of alarm condition.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 133
2.15.5.3
Method of Control
Supply each controller from an electrically operated air circuit breaker or
motor starter. Controller ventilation and heating shall be from another
circuit.
a.
Start Signal: Closes the electrically operated air circuit breaker or
motor starter to energize the controller. Controller shall accelerate
fan to operating speed. Fan speed shall be controlled from the load
control signal.
b.
Stop Signal: Opens electrically operated air circuit breaker or motor
starter to deenergize the controller. Upon deenergization, controller
control system shall revert to stop condition.
c.
Boiler Feedwater Pump Speed Control System: Matches pump discharge to
system demand and maintains a system header pressure controlled to the
set point values. Provide Manual/Automatic control stations for master
pressure and for each boiler feed pump. Provide indicators for
feedwater header pressure and individual boiler feedwater pump flow.
2.15.5.4
Variable Speed Motor Controller
Conduct burn-in tests for at least 50 hours at rated conditions. If a
component fails during burn-in test, replace it, and run test again on
entire assembly for another 50 hours. Burn-in test shall not be complete
until entire assembly has operated for 50 hours without failure.
2.15.6
Valve Actuators
[Electrically] [or] [pneumatically] operated and designed so that valve may
be manually operated by removing drive pins. Actuators shall be operated
by push button control. Locate one push button at a position adjacent to
the valve. Locate a second push button within the boiler control room.
Provide a valve position indicator utilizing indicating lights. A green
light shall indicate valve is fully open and an amber light shall indicate
valve is fully closed. Both lights on shall indicate when valve is
partially open. [Provide torque limit controls to protect valve during
opening and closing for electrically operated valves.] Actuator electric
motor shall be totally enclosed, [_____] volts, [_____] phase, 60 Hz as
specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES. Provide NEMA 4 control
enclosures.
2.15.7
Sump Pumps
CID A-A-50555 with automatic float switch and disconnect switch in NEMA 6
enclosure.
2.15.8
Water Softening System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: One hundred percent makeup shall be assumed
in calculating the sustained softening rate.
**************************************************************************
Ion exchange resin type conforming to WQA S-100 except as modified below.
[Manual] [Push button automatic] [Fully automatic] in operation with
operating controls housed in a NEMA 12 enclosure having a minimum total
capacity between regenerations of [_____] liters gallons of water of [_____]
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 134
2.11
FUEL OIL SYSTEM
**************************************************************************
NOTE: In reference to the following text, choose
either Section 33 56 10 FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL
STORAGE TANKS, for below ground tanks, or Section
33 52 10 SERVICE PIPING, FUEL SYSTEMS, for above
ground tanks. The rest of the fuel oil system is
covered in Section 33 52 10 SERVICE PIPING, FUEL
SYSTEMS.
**************************************************************************
The fuel oil system shall be designed and built in accordance with Section
33 52 10 SERVICE PIPING, FUEL SYSTEMS[.][, except for below grade level
fuel tanks, which shall be constructed to Section 33 56 10
FACTORY-FABRICATED FUEL STORAGE TANKS.]
2.12
ASH HANDLING SYSTEM (PNEUMATIC)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Designer shall select type of ash handling
system most suited for each project. For plants over
4 kg per second 31,500 pounds per hour steam
ultimate capacity use a pneumatic ash handling
system. For plants under 4 kg per second 31,500
pounds per hour steam ultimate capacity use a
mechanical system. Refer to NAVFAC DM-3.6, Section
5, paragraph 4d for design criteria.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this article (and the paragraphs and
subparagraphs following) or the article, (paragraphs
and subparagraphs) below, ASH HANDLING SYSTEM
(MECHANICAL).
**************************************************************************
2.12.1
System Requirements
Provide a complete integrated, pneumatic, semi-automatic sequencing, ash
handling system with air intakes, material intakes, [ash doors and
enclosures,] iron alloy conveyor line, fittings, rotary slide gates,
primary and secondary material separators, tertiary bag filter, [steam
exhauster,] [electric motor driven positive displacement blower (mechanical
exhauster),] [air washer,] silo vent filter, ash silo, rotary ash
conditioner, and equipment that may be necessary for a complete pneumatic
ash handling system. Provide related electrical work required to operate
the ash handling system. Design system so that the ash silo is never
placed under a partial vacuum.
2.12.2
Type
System shall be the intermittent vacuum type, whereby the vacuum is
interrupted permitting periodic discharge of collected materials into the
silo on a programmed time cycle. System shall have sufficient air velocity
to pick up ash that may be deposited in the pipe.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 96
2.12.3
Ash Silo
System shall receive, and on a sequenced basis convey to the ash silo, ash
from the stoker fired boiler [ash storage hoppers,] [ash storage pits,]
[siftings hoppers,] [soot hoppers,] [economizer hoppers,] [baghouse
hoppers,] and other pollution control equipment hoppers. Convey ash from
only one pickup point at a time.
2.12.4
Ash
Discharge ash into the ash storage silo in a dry condition. Arrange silo
equipment for disposal of conditioned ash to trucks. The operation shall
be as nearly dustless as possible.
2.12.5
Maximum Noise Level
The noise level of the operation shall not exceed 85 decibels sound
pressure level 1.50 meters 5 feet from the equipment in any direction.
2.12.6
Dry Ash Storage Hopper
Provide for each boiler to receive and store bottom ash as it is discharged
from the traveling grate. Hopper shall be compatible with the grate ash
discharge enclosure and shall have a net volume to receive and to store
material for an 8 hour period at maximum boiler output. Size hopper for
mean ash level for one meters 3 feet below the stoker floor with ash
density of 640 kg per cubic meter 40 pounds per cubic foot for volumetric
sizing.
2.12.6.1
Construction
Not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick, ASTM A36/A36M, steel plate, dusttight,
floor supported steel structure with refractory lining. Provide required
steel columns, beams stiffeners and cross bracing. Bolt top section of
hopper to stoker support steel. Base design load of hopper on 1120 kg per
cubic meter 70 pounds per cubic foot. Slope sides at not less than 45
degrees from horizontal to maintain positive feed to outlet.
2.12.6.2
Refractory Materials
As recommended by the manufacturer; minimum total thickness of refractory
and insulating block lining shall not be less than 178 mm 7 inches.
Refractory shall be minimum of 114 mm 4 1/2 inches thick.
2.12.6.3
Discharge Doors or Gates
Provide each hopper with refractory lined, dusttight, water cooled,
vertical lift doors, of an opening size not less than 560 by 560 mm 22 by
22 inches. Each door shall be [air-cylinder operated] [chain wheel
operated]. [Provide intermediate positioning capability with air cylinder
operators.] Provide each door with guide rollers and support arms to ensure
smooth operation without binding. When doors are vertical, minimum number
of guide rollers shall be 4; for a sloping surface, minimum number of guide
rollers shall be 6.
2.12.6.4
Hopper Lift Door Enclosure
Provide not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick steel, dusttight, enclosure, for
each vertical lift door. Match enclosure to housing of clinker crusher and
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 97
make enclosure large enough to enclose the outlet and the vertical lift
door. Provide hinged inspection and cleanout door on enclosure front.
2.12.6.5
Hinged Hopper Access Door
Provide on one side wall of each hopper. Door shall be cast iron, air
tight swingaway locking type with refractory lining. Install door so that
it is conveniently accessible and easy to use.
2.12.7
Clinker Crusher
Provide mounted below each hopper discharge outlet, under vertical lift
door enclosure, capable of reducing clinkers from bottom ash to a maximum
size of 50 mm 2 inches at a rate not less than conveyor system capacity.
2.12.7.1
Construction
Single roller crusher unit with extra heavy housing, outboard bearings
sealed against grit infiltration, motor and drive. Housing shall be 15 mm
1/2 inch thick. Crusher rollers shall have replaceable cam segments
(teeth) with a minimum Brinell hardness of 450. Each cam tooth shall be
designed to permit resurfacing with hard material. Stationary heavy cast
iron or manganese steel abrasion resistant wear plates, of a Brinell
hardness not less than 350, shall be mounted about the crusher rollers.
Cam shaft rotational speed shall not exceed 20 rpm.
2.12.7.2
Fluid Gear Drive
Crushers shall be driven by a fluid gear drive including a totally
enclosed, fan cooled, [_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz electric motor not
less than 3.75 kW 5 hp, as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES,
fluid coupling and reduction gear, integrally mounted in dust and oil tight
enclosures. Fluid drive shall protect unit from excessive shock. Drive
shall automatically reverse when stalled; crusher shall reverse and move
forward three times and, after third time, shut down and alarm when still
stalled.
2.12.8
2.12.8.1
System Valving
Side Intake Valves for Fly Ash Collection
Provide at each hopper, including dust collection hoppers and rear pass
hoppers, and other collection points. Side intake valve shall be
pneumatically opened, spring closed, totally enclosed disc valve of cast
iron construction with wearing surfaces of Brinell hardness not less than
350. Provide valve complete with flanged inlet hopper, handhole with
gasketed cover and clamp and couplings. Side intake valve shall feed ash
to conveyor line on an angle, thus permitting air to mingle with ash in the
proper proportion to eliminate clogging. Valves shall provide positive and
automatic air tight shutoff and dust tight pickup. Valve shall close on
failure of operating air and before discharge cycle of intermittent
conveyor operation. A full load regulating switch shall control each valve
to prevent overloading of conveyor system.
[2.12.8.2
Manual Valve Intakes for Bottom Ash
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
ROTARY VALVE INTAKE FOR BOTTOM ASH.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 98
**************************************************************************
Provide in front of stoker ash pit doors, a 610 by 610 mm 24 by 24 inch
cast iron grid and hopper complete with a self-feeding bottom ash intake,
seal plug and pull-out rod that may be lifted to permit ash to enter system.
][2.12.8.3
Rotary Valve Intakes for Bottom Ash
Provide a rotary valve, designed for regulating bottom ash to the a
conveyor pipeline, under each crusher. Valve shall provide intake
isolation and prevent overfilling or plugging of the conveyor line.
Construction of valve shall be of cast iron with wearing surfaces of
Brinell hardness not less than 350. Valve shall be pneumatically operated.
]2.12.8.4
Air Intake
Provide spring loaded, swing disc, check valve type air intake, designed
for air induction, at the end of each conveyor branch. When intake is
located exposed to weather, provide a rain hood.
2.12.8.5
Isolating Valves (Line Valves)
Provide an air operated, totally enclosed rotary slide gate isolating valve
at each branch pipe line connection to prevent air flow through an unused
branch line. Construct valve of abrasion resistant metal, machined and
fitted to ensure a vacuum tight fit and guard against leakage and excessive
maintenance. Provide purge air connection and a solenoid valve in the
valve housing or cavity for purging the gate cavity of ash.
2.12.8.6
Silo Discharge Valve
Provide a rotary feeder for discharging bottom ash and fly ash from the ash
silo. Feeders shall be of ductile iron or cast steel and shall be complete
with motor, motor support, chain drive, and necessary guards. Chain shall
be driven through a torque limiting clutch on the driven sprocket equipped
with electric cutout switch and alarm. [Feeder shall have spring-loaded
hinged bypass plate to permit passage of clinkers.] Inlet and outlet
flanges shall be standard drilled pipe flange. Rotor blades and sealing
arrangement shall be the manufacturer's standard for the intended service.
When rotors are equipped with adjustable tips, provide a service door in
the valve body for tip adjustment. Provide packing gland type shaft seals
with suitable packing materials. Shaft bearings shall be outboard sealed
ball bearings. Periphery seals shall be such that a complete seal is
accomplished at a differential of [_____] Pa inches of water static
pressure.
2.12.9
Ash Conveyor Pipe and Fittings
Abrasion resistant cast iron alloy free of blowholes and other defects and
suitable for use in ash conveying systems.
2.12.9.1
Conveyor Piping
Centrifugally cast, abrasion resistant cast iron alloy pipe with a Brinell
hardness of not less than 280.
2.12.9.2
Elbows and Fittings
Cast iron alloy with a Brinell hardness of not less than 350 and shall have
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 99
renewable wearbacks not less than 25 mm one inch thick.
2.12.9.3
Hangers and Supports
Provide adjustable roller supports and pipe hangers to properly support the
pipe. System supplier shall design support system and furnish supports.
2.12.9.4
Contractor's Option
At the Contractor's option, conveyor pipe handling only fly ash may be
Schedule 80 black steel pipe in lieu of the iron alloy pipe; however outlet
fitting, elbows, tees and laterals shall be iron alloy with wearbacks.
Pipe for a distance of one meter 3 feet after the cast iron alloy fittings
shall be cast iron alloy pipe. Provide pipe with couplings or split
flanges, bolts and gaskets all rated not less than 538 degrees C 1000
degrees F.
2.12.9.5
Expansion Joints
Stainless steel bellows type with abrasion resistant liners of a Brinell
hardness not less than 350 or slip tube expansion joints fabricated of cast
iron alloy, of Brinell hardness not less than 280, machined for smooth
sliding fit with its mating part to absorb system thermal movement and
shock loads.
2.12.10
Vacuum Air Piping
Provide from the secondary separator to the tertiary bag filter and from
the tertiary bag filter to the [steam exhauster] [mechanical exhauster] not
less than 10 gage, ASTM A211, spiral welded, vacuum air piping with
ASTM A1011/A1011M, standard radius, mitered 10 gage elbows.
2.12.11
Compressed Air Piping and Accessories
Provide pressure reducing valves, safety valves, pressure gages, manual
plug or ball valves, compressed air piping, as specified under the
paragraph PIPING and other items required for a complete, operable,
pneumatic system.
2.12.12
Primary Ash Receiver-Separator and Secondary Ash Separator
Provide on top of ash silo two stages of receiving and separating, with
each stage a complete self-contained unit with efficient dust and air
separation and gravity dump bottom gates to open with interruption of
vacuum and discharge into a silo. Design system so that suction is
positively shut off from receiver during its dumping period, so that no
dust can be sucked out through exhaust while discharge of the receiver is
open or opening. Air from the primary receiver shall enter the external
secondary separator which shall remove approximately 85 percent of the dust
not collected by the primary receiver. Combined efficiency of primary and
external secondary separators shall be not less than 95 percent. Provide
completely contained gate assemblies in a dust-tight enclosure fitted with
access doors large enough to remove the entire gate assembly. Provide
receivers of hard abrasion-resistant cast alloy iron with a Brinell
hardness of not less than 500 constructed as specified below:
2.12.12.1
Primary Receiver-Separator
Not less than [914] [1219] mm [36] [48] inches inside diameter with cast
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 100
sections 19 mm 3/4 inch thick and 50 mm 2 inch thick impingement section.
Cylinder, along with discharge hopper shall be of segmental bolted
construction. Construct receiver to ensure dropping of maximum quantity of
solids from transporting air. Provide carbon steel outlet pipe and
discharge gate. Receiver-separator shall have an internal baffle assembly
to prevent reentrainment of ash.
2.12.12.2
Secondary Separator
Not less than [406] [508] [610] mm [16] [20] [24] inches inside diameter of
not less than 8 mm 5/16 inch thick one piece construction with at least 13
mm 1/2 inch thick inlet wear section. Design receiver to minimize
carryover of fly ash into the [air washer] [tertiary bag filter].
Separator shall have an internal baffle assembly to prevent reentrainment
of ash once it has fallen into the collection hopper of the separator.
2.12.12.3
Dusttight Enclosure
Support primary and secondary receivers on not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch
thick, dust tight, carbon steel support boxes with hinged access doors or
removable panels on each side for servicing the receiver swing gates.
Provide support box with airtight roller bearings, hinged, counterweighted
swing gates with removable neoprene seals. Gates may as an option, be air
cylinder operated gates in lieu of the counterweighted gates.
2.12.13
Mechanical Exhausters
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When environmental restraints, availability
of steam or water or economics preclude the use of
steam exhausters, use a mechanical (electrical
driven) exhauster with a pulse jet bag filter to
produce the required system air flow.
**************************************************************************
Provide two, V-belt drive, positive displacement, blowers with electric
motors and accessories with each capable of producing a vacuum of at least
41 kPa 12 inches of mercury and with air flow necessary for handling ashes
through the system. One blower (exhauster) shall be used as a prime mover
and the other as a standby unit.
2.12.13.1
Isolation Gates
Each exhauster shall include a manual bolt-up type gate for isolation and
crossover. Gates shall include limit switches for status indication.
2.12.13.2
Accessories
Exhauster shall be complete with belt guard, air inlet silencer, air
discharge snubber, support stand, expansion joint on inlet and outlet, belt
and shaft guards, high temperature safety switch and vacuum relief valve.
2.12.13.3
Electric Motor
Totally enclosed, fan cooled, [_____] volts, three phase, 60 Hz as
specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 101
2.12.13.4
Noise Level
Not to exceed 85 dBA sound pressure level at 1.50 meters 5 feet above the
floor and 1.50 meters 5 feet from blower in any direction.
2.12.14
Pulse Jet Self-Cleaning Bag Filter Assembly
Provide as a tertiary means of removing fine ash particles from the
conveying air system. Installation of the assembly shall be on the silo
roof, downstream of the two-stage cyclone type mechanical separator so as
to permit a combined minimum separating efficiency of 99.5 percent (by
weight), with a guaranteed outlet emission less than 0.005 grains
particulate per dry standard cubic foot of exhaust air. Filter assembly
shall include a main housing, bag assemblies, bag cleaning mechanism,
discharge gate and control panel. Equipment shall be integrated with
cyclone type separators, vacuum breakers, vacuum switches and conveying
system controls as specified elsewhere. Bag filter shall be capable of
operating at 25 percent above the system design vacuum. Filter housing
shall be capable of withstanding a vacuum of 96 kPa 28.5 inches of mercury.
2.12.14.1
Cloth Area
Size filter on the basis of not greater than 25.40 L/s 5 acfm of air per
square meter foot of cloth area. The acfm shall be calculated on the
maximum system air flow.
2.12.14.2
Filter Construction
All welded construction housing or body of, ASTM A36/A36M plate with an
upper clean gas plenum, bag compartment, hopper bottom, internal access
platform and support structure. Plate thickness shall be a minimum of 6 mm
1/4 inch with exception of plenum tube sheet, which shall be a minimum of
13 mm 1/2 inch thick. Housing shall be cylindrical, having a minimum
diameter of [_____] meters feet [_____] mm inches.
a.
Upper Gas Plenum: Dished head, with flanged inlet and discharge
connections, tube sheet, venturis and blow tubes. These appurtenances
shall be welded airtight. Venturis shall be fabricated from carbon
steel having a minimum thickness of 16 gage. Minimum centerline
spacing between venturis shall be 191 mm 7 1/2 inches. A series of
blow tubes shall be employed over the venturis. Each tube shall extend
through dished housing wall and be manifolded externally. Include
support of external manifold.
b.
Bag Compartment: Of sufficient height to allow internal access by
maintenance personnel. Base of compartment shall include metal
platform supported by steel angle cross bracing. Platform shall extend
over entire base area of compartment. Sidewall of compartment shall
include a hinged access door with locking handle. Door shall be
gasketed and opening shall be a minimum of 762 mm high by 406 mm wide
30 inches high by 16 inches wide.
c.
Hopper Bottom: Conical having a slope angle of not greater than 45
degrees with a flanged outlet.
d.
Access Platform: With [stairs] [ladder] and safety handrail for
external mounting to filter housing. Mount platform at a height to
allow convenient access through hinged door located on bag compartment
sidewall. Platform floor area shall be not less than 1.40 square meter
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 102
15 square feet.
e.
Provide filter housing with required columns and cross bracing to
support structure from silo roof to discharge directly into silo. This
support shall be of sufficient height to allow convenient installation
of filter discharge gate.
2.12.14.3
Discharge Gate
Air cylinder operated swing disc type. A rotary feeder type gate
acceptable. When in the open position, gate disc shall swing out
path of material being discharged. Both gate disc and seal shall
replaceable. Include handhole on gate housing for easy access to
and seat.
2.12.14.4
is not
of the
be
both disc
Bag Cleaning Mechanism
Provide venturis, blow tubes, manifold, solenoid air valves, diaphragm
valves and differential pressure switch conveniently located at the filter
unit. Operation of these devices shall be on a sequential basis
(adjustable setting) to allow periodic surges of compressed air through the
filter venturi sections. Compressed air requirement for bag cleaning shall
not be greater than 7.08 standard L/s at 690 kPa (gage) 15 scfm at 100 psig.
2.12.14.5
Filter Bag Assemblies
Each shall include the filtering media, wire retainer and stainless steel
clamping device. Filter bag shall slide over retainer and both shall be
clamped to the venturi by a stainless steel common band clamp. Top portion
of retainer shall have the inside dimension equal to the mating venturi to
ensure a tight fit.
a.
Retainers: Cage type construction, fabricated from No. 1018 rounds or
equal, using minimum of 3 mm 1/8 inch diameter rounds on vertical
strands and 5 mm 3/16 inch diameter rounds on horizontal strands. Coat
retainer with nickel and zinc after completion of fabrication.
b.
Filter Bags: Not less than 474 g per square meter 14 ounces per square
yard felted material. Provide felted polyester or dacron bags when
operating temperatures are below 135 degrees C 275 degrees F. Provide
Nomex bags or bags of similar abrasion and temperature resistant
qualities when temperatures are above 135 degrees C 275 degrees F but
not greater than 218 degrees C 425 degrees F. Bags shall have an
exterior finish to aid in dust release.
2.12.14.6
Control Panel
NEMA 4, wall mounted control panel to sequentially control bag cleaning and
dump operations of the filter unit. Locate panel near filter unit to
permit easy field adjustment of sequence timers. Panel overall dimensions
shall be not less than 610 mm wide by 762 mm high by 200 mm deep 24 inches
wide by 30 inches high by 8 inches deep. As a minimum, panel
instrumentation shall include a dump cycle timer, pulse valve sequence
timer, two high differential pressure delay relays, alarm relay, time delay
relay, manual/auto selector switch, pulse valve "ON" indicating light, high
differential indicating light, terminal blocks and internal wiring. Welds
and scratches of panel enclosure shall be polished smooth and thoroughly
cleaned before painting. Surface finish shall be free from blemishes.
Paint panel exterior with manufacturer's standard enamel. Interior of
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 103
panel shall be white enamel.
2.12.14.7
Shop inspect panel and test prior to shipment.
Vacuum Breakers
Provide two air cylinder operated vacuum breakers. One shall be a pop-up
or single ported type for installation in the air line between the
secondary separator and tertiary bag filter. Second breaker shall be a
three-ported type for locations in the air line between the tertiary bag
filter and the exhauster. Each breaker shall use a disc type gate or
equivalent to ensure full closure of the gate against its mating seat.
2.12.15
Steam Exhauster
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The steam exhauster system requires 0.32 kg
os stream per second 2500 pounds of steam per hour
for a 150 mm 6 inch system ( 8 to 23 Mg 9 to 25 tons
per hour) and 0.44 kg of steam per second 3500
pounds of steam per hour for an 200 mm 8 inch system
( 13.60 to 31.75 Mg 15 to 35 tons per hour) and
approximately 1.89 L/s 30 gpm of water to the air
washer. A steam condenser, air washer and silencer
should be used when the steam exhauster is used and
should not be used when a mechanical exhauster is
specified.
**************************************************************************
Provide a steam jet exhauster of cast iron construction with venturi throat
of the high efficiency type for producing the vacuum necessary for handling
ashes through the system. Make inlet air connection on the steam jet
exhauster through a special spiral fitting so that air enters the exhauster
unit tangentially, avoiding direct impingement on the nozzle. Provide a
unit capable of producing a vacuum of at least 40.56 kPa 12 inches of
mercury column at shutoff and not requiring more than [0.32] [0.44] kg of
steam per second at 690 kPa (gage) [2,500] [3,500] pounds of steam per hour
at 100 psig.
2.12.15.1
Steam Condenser, Air Washer and Silencer
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The steam exhauster system requires 0.32 kg
of steam per second 2500 pounds of steam per hour
for a 150 mm 6 inch system ( 8 to 23 Mg 9 to 25 tons
per hour) and 0.44 kg of steam per second 3500
pounds of steam per hourfor an 200 mm 8 inch system (
13.60 to 31.75 Mg 15 to 35 tons per hour) and
approximately 1.89 L/s 30 gpm of water to the air
washer. A steam condenser, air washer and silencer
should be used when the steam exhauster is used and
should not be used when a mechanical exhauster is
specified.
**************************************************************************
Provide a double stage cyclone type steam condenser, which also extracts
the remaining solids from the steam-air system. Construct steam condenser
body of hard metal castings not less than 16 mm 5/8 inch thick suitable for
this special service except that inlet connector shall be not less than 19
mm 3/4 inch thick. Castings shall have a Brinell hardness of not less than
250. Remaining metal used in the condenser shall be at least 6 mm 1/4 inch
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 104
2.16.3.14
Piping Identification
Conform to MIL-STD-101 and place in clearly visible locations; except paint
piping in the boiler room the primary color of the color code. Provide
labels and tapes conforming to ASME A13.1 in lieu of band painting or
stenciling. Labels shall be outdoor grade acrylic plastic. Markings on
labels shall indicate direction of flow, flowing media, and media design
pressure and temperature. Spacing of identification marking shall not
exceed 3 meters 10 feet. Provide two copies of complete color and stencil
codes used. Frame codes under glass and install where directed.
2.17
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
Provide fuel oil room with a wet sprinkler system as specified in Section
21 13 13.00 20 WET PIPE SPRINKLER SYSTEM, FIRE PROTECTION.
2.18
MARKING
Identify equipment, valves, switches, motor controllers, and controls or
indicating elements by printed, stamped or manufactured identification
plates or tags of rigid plastic or non-ferrous material. Lettering for
identification plates or tags shall be not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch high.
Nomenclature and identification symbols used on the identification plates
or tags shall correspond to those used in maintenance manuals, operating
instructions, and schematic diagrams. Rigidly affix identification plates
or tags to the equipment or devices without impairing functions or, when
this is not possible, attach using a non-ferrous wire or chain. In
addition to identification plate or tag, each major component of equipment
shall have a nameplate listing manufacturer's name, model number, and when
applicable, electrical rating and other information required by pertinent
standards or codes.
2.19
TOOLS AND TESTING EQUIPMENT
Provide special tools and wrenches required for installation, maintenance,
and operation of equipment. Testing equipment to be provided shall include
necessary equipment to perform routine tests:
a.
On lubricating oil for acidity (pH-potentiometer), viscosity (saybolt
test), and dirt (gravimetric).
b.
On softened water for hardness (soap test or colorimetric test), and
boiler blowdown water for pH (colorimetric) and conductivity
(potentiometer).
c.
For water (distillation) and sediment (gravimetric) in fuel oil.
2.20
WELDING MATERIALS
Comply with ASME BPVC SEC II-C. Welding equipment, electrodes, welding
wire, and fluxes shall be capable of producing satisfactory welds when used
by a qualified welder or welding operator using qualified welding
procedures.
2.21
MOTORS AND DRIVES
Alternating current electric motors shall meet requirements of NEMA MG 1.
Motors shall be designed for continuous operation at rated load under usual
service conditions as defined by NEMA. Unless specifically noted
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 147
otherwise, motors less than 3/8 kW 1/2 hp shall be 115 volt, 60 Hz, single
phase, capacitor-start, or permanent split capacitor, with Class B
insulation for 40 degrees C 104 degrees F ambient. Unless specifically
noted otherwise, motors 3/8 kW 1/2 hp and larger shall be 460 volt, 60 Hz,
three phase, Design B, squirrel cage induction with a minimum insulation of
Class F for 40 degrees C 104 degrees F ambient. Size motors to meet power
requirements of driven unit at design conditions, including drive and
coupling losses which are incurred, without loading motor beyond its
nameplate horsepower rating. Minimum service factor for open drip-proof
motors shall be 1.15 and for totally enclosed, fan cooled motors 1.0.
Motor shall be quiet operating. Bearings shall be heavy duty, grease
lubricated, anti-friction, single shielded, regreasable type and shall have
approved lubricating fittings extended to an easily accessible location for
field servicing. Provide sole plates for motors installed on concrete
pads. Motor shall have copper windings.
2.21.1
Motors
Motors used to drive equipment specified under "Coal Handling Equipment"
shall be designed to operate in Class II, Division II, Group F atmosphere.
2.21.2
SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL
2.21.3
Instrument Air Compressor Package
Factory test air compressor package at full load for not less than 2
hours. Check capacity, smoothness of operation, alternation of units, and
proper operation of air unloaders during test.
PART 3
3.1
EXECUTION
INSTALLATION
Install materials and equipment as indicated and in accordance with
manufacturer's recommendations.
3.1.1
Boiler and Equipment Installation
Boiler and equipment installation shall be strictly in accordance with this
specification, and installation instructions of the manufacturers. Grout
equipment mounted on concrete foundations before installing piping.
Install piping in such a manner as not to place a strain on equipment. Do
not bolt flanged joints tight unless they match adequately. Expansion
bends shall be adequately extended before installation. Grade, anchor,
guide and support piping, without low pockets.
3.1.1.1
Boiler and Equipment Foundations
Of sufficient size and weight, and proper design to preclude shifting of
equipment under operating conditions, and under abnormal conditions which
could be imposed upon equipment. Design boiler foundation to accommodate
and support stoker and incorporate stoker ash pits. Limit equipment
vibration to within acceptable limits, and isolate. Foundations shall be
adequate for soil conditions of the site and shall meet requirements of the
equipment manufacturer. Trowel exposed foundation surfaces smooth except
properly roughen surfaces to receive grout.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 148
3.1.1.2
Installing Stoker Ash Pit Firebrick
Lay up in air-setting mortar. Dip each brick in mortar, rub, place into
its final position, and then tap with a wooden mallet until it touches
adjacent bricks. Mortar thick enough to lay with a trowel will not be
permitted. Maximum mortar joint thickness shall not exceed 3 mm 1/8 inch
and average joint thickness shall not exceed 1.60 mm 1/16 inch.
3.1.1.3
Forced and Induced Draft Fans
Set, shim level, anchor and grout each fan assembly into place prior to
setting driver. Properly shim driver on base plate using steel shim
stock. Shims shall be full size of feet and shall have slotted hole for
installation. After drive has been properly aligned and shimmed, by an
approved millwright, millwright shall drill and ream foot and base plate
and install taper pins with nut on top for pullout removal. One front foot
and diagonally opposite rear foot shall be pinned to base plate. Equipment
shall be adequately bolted in place in an approved manner. Level and grout
fan and bearing pedestal sole plates in place.
3.1.1.4
Stack
Install level and plumb. Erected stack shall be no more than 25 mm one inch
out of plumb per 15 meters 50 feet. Remove roughness, marks, and lifting
lugs, from stack and grind surfaces smooth and flush with surrounding
surfaces.
[3.1.1.5
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Below Ground)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
below, HORIZONTAL FUEL OIL TANKS (ABOVE GROUND), or
the following subparagraph VERTICAL FUEL OIL TANK.
**************************************************************************
Provide concrete ballast slabs for tanks and concrete protective ground
level slabs for FPR tanks. Ballast slabs shall be full length and width of
tanks and protective slabs shall extend 610 mm 2 feet beyond tanks.
Concrete work shall be as specified in Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE
CONCRETE.
a.
Install and backfill fiberglass reinforced tanks as recommended by the
manufacturer; backfill adjacent to tanks shall be pea gravel unless
otherwise recommended by the manufacturer. Backfill for steel tanks
shall be sand.
b.
Set steel tanks on a bed of sand not less than 152 mm 6 inches deep
over the concrete slab and strap in place with stainless steel
hold-down straps with stainless steel turnbuckles. Set FRP tanks on a
bed of pea gravel not less than 305 mm 12 inches thick and pre-shape
for tank contours for FRP tanks. Fabricate straps for FRP tanks from
FRP resins reinforced with stainless steel to prevent breaking of
straps and floating of empty tanks.
c.
Slope tank toward sump not less than 25 mm one inch in each 1 1/2 meters
5 feet.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 149
][3.1.1.6
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Above Ground)
Continuously support steel tank saddles along the full length of the base
and level and grout to ensure full bearing.
][3.1.1.7
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank
Provide [sand, crushed stone or fine gravel cushion] [concrete base].
a.
Sand, Crushed Stone or Fine Gravel Cushion: Cover area beneath tank
with a fuel resistant plastic membrane with a thickness of not less than
0.51 mm 20 mils. Carefully fuse or cement plastic membrane seams.
Lay plastic over a thoroughly compacted select subgrade free from rocks
that could puncture the plastic. Over plastic, provide a bed of sand,
crushed stone or fine gravel not less than 152 mm 6 inches thick.
Stabilize bed with an approved material and shape to tank bottom.
Slope bed down to center sump approximately 152 mm 6 inches for each 3
meters 10 feet of tank radius. When in place, tank shell shall be
plumb.
b.
Concrete base shall be as indicated and in accordance with Section
03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE.
c.
Mastic Seal: Place mastic seal between tank and concrete ring to the
cross section indicated. Compact mastic thoroughly. Immediately
before placing mastic, coat tank surfaces to be in contact with
concrete ring with a coat of AASHTO M 118bituminous material.
]3.1.2
Piping
Unless specified otherwise, erection, welding, brazing, testing and
inspection of piping shall be in accordance with ASME B31.1 and Section
40 17 26.00 20 WELDING PRESSURE PIPING. Piping shall follow the general
arrangement shown. Cut piping accurately to measurements established for
the work. Work piping into place without springing or forcing, except
where cold-springing is specified. Piping and equipment within buildings
shall be entirely out of the way of lighting fixtures and doors, windows,
and other openings. Locate overhead piping in buildings in the most
inconspicuous positions. Do not bury or conceal piping until piping has
been inspected, tested, and approved. Where pipe passes through building
structure, conceal pipe joints but locate where they may be readily
inspected and building structure not be weakened. Avoid interference with
other piping, conduit, or equipment. Except where specifically shown
otherwise, run vertical piping plumb and straight and parallel to walls.
Install piping connected to equipment to provide flexibility for
vibration. Support and anchor piping so that strain from weight of piping
is not imposed on equipment.
3.1.2.1
Fittings
Provide long radius ells on welded piping to reduce pressure drops.
Mitering of pipe to form elbows, notching straight runs to form full sized
tees, or similar construction shall not be used. Make branch connections
with welding tees, except factory made forged welding branch outlets or
nozzles having integral reinforcements conforming to ASME B31.1 may be
provided.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 150
[
(8)
]
(9)
Clinker Crusher Abnormal Shutdown
(1 required for each boiler)
Low Conveying Air
(10) High Conveying Vacuum
d.
Vacuum Transmitter: To measure conveying system vacuum. Range shall
be zero to 101 kPa 30 inches mercury with 4 to 20 mA dc linear
transmitter output. Display vacuum on the ash handling system control
panel [operator interface console].
2.12.20.3
Operation
a.
Normally operated in the automatic mode. Automatically sequence
through the automatic intakes except [clinker crusher] [bottom ash
intake] for each boiler after system is started. When a unit is not in
operation, selecting the "bypass mode" shall cause intakes on that unit
to be skipped. For manual operation, "index" is used to select the
desired intake. As conveying system shuts down automatically, main
conveyor line shall be purged for approximately one minute to remove
ash remaining in it.
b.
Sequence system under control of vacuum switches and timers. Maximum
vacuum will be when system is conveying material. When a hopper is
empty, vacuum will drop and a "no load" vacuum switch shall cause
system to shift to the next intake. Prevent premature sequencing due
to momentary low vacuum with a timer. When a plugged hopper occurs,
vacuum will be between "no load" and normal value. Provide a timer to
allow packed or arched material to break loose before alarming the
condition.
c.
Provide solenoid air valves for each air operated device, timers,
contactors, relays and devices and equipment required for system
control, measuring and operation. Identify each device with an
engraved plastic identification plate [in accordance with a system
graphic display] to be provided by the ash handling system supplier.
d.
Bottom Ash Hopper Local Control Stations: Provide a wall mounted, NEMA
[_____], control station at each bottom ash hopper with front access
door, lock, circuit breakers, selector switches, lights and pushbuttons.
(1) Selector Switches:
(a) Crusher: three position switch, "Reverse
(momentary)-Off-Forward"
(b) Rotary Valve Intake:
(c) Vertical Lift Door:
two position switch "Open-Close"
position switch "Open-Intermediate-Close"
(2) Emergency "Stop" Pushbutton, for clinker crusher, with manual
reset.
(3) Indicating Lights:
(a) "On-Manual"
(b) "Crusher Stalled"
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 109
brushing prior to inspection or deposition of additional weld metal.
3.1.2.10
Cleaning of Piping
Before installing pipe, thoroughly clean pipe of sand, mill scale and other
foreign material. After erection but before making final connections to
apparatus, thoroughly clean interior of piping. Flush piping with water
except air and fuel lines. In addition, blow out steam lines with
intermittent high pressure steam blows to promote shedding of internal
scale. Blow compressed air and fuel oil lines clean with 552 to 690 kPa
(gage) 80 to 100 psig air dried to a 2 degrees C 35 degree Fdew point at
552 kPa (gage) 80 psig. Sterilize potable water piping by means of liquid
chlorine or hypochlorite in accordance with AWWA C651 before placing water
system in service. Take care during fabrication and installation, to keep
piping, valves, fittings and specialties free of loose welding metal chips
of metal or slag, welding rods and foreign matter. Blowing or flushing
shall in no case be channeled through equipment, pump, control valve,
regulating valve, instrument gage or specialty in the system. Provide
temporary screens, strainers, connections, spool pieces and bypasses
consisting of piping or hoses, pumps and other required equipment
temporarily installed for the purpose of cleaning and flushing piping.
Drain flushing water and test water to the sanitary sewer system.
3.1.2.11
Reduction in Pipe Size
Provide reducing fittings for changes in pipe size; bushings will not be
permitted. In horizontal steam lines, reducing fittings shall be the
eccentric type to maintain bottom of lines in the same plane. In
horizontal water mains, reducers shall be set to maintain top of lines in
the same plane.
3.1.2.12
Expansion Control
Provide bends, loops, and offsets wherever practical to relieve
overstressed piping systems due to thermal expansion and to provide
adequate flexibility. Cold spring piping system as indicated but not more
than 50 percent of the total linear expansion.
3.1.2.13
Connection to Equipment
Provide unions or flanges where necessary to permit easy disconnection of
piping and apparatus. Provide unions and gate valves at each connection to
threaded end control valves, strainers and equipment.
3.1.2.14
Valve Installation
Install valves in positions accessible for operation and repair. Install
stems in a vertical position with handwheels or operators on top or in a
horizontal position. Do not install handwheels on stop valves below the
valve. When centerline of valve is more than 2 meters 7 feet above floor
or platform, provide valve with a chain-operated handwheel. When valve is
motorized, provide hand operation for emergency use.
a.
Gate Valves: Arrange back outlet gate valves for turbine exhaust for
hand operation and provide with a floor stand.
b.
Globe Valves: Pressure shall be below the disc. Install globe valves
with stems horizontal on steam and exhaust lines, when better drainage
is required or desired.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 153
2.13.3
Maximum Noise Level
Noise level of operation shall not exceed 85 decibels sound pressure level
1.50 meters 5 feet from the equipment in any direction.
2.13.4
System Valving
2.13.4.1
Rotary Valves
Provide rotary valve feeders of carbon steel construction complete with
drive, guard, motor mount and gaskets, carbon steel adjustable blade tips,
adjustable shoe type air seal and right angle gearhead drive motor. Rotor
blade tips and shoes shall have a minimum Brinell hardness of 500. Valves
requiring part of the housing to form an airlock seal are not acceptable.
The electric motor for the rotary valve feeders shall be totally enclosed,
fan cooled, [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz., and not less than [_____]
kW hp, as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES.
2.13.4.2
Manual Valve Intakes for Bottom Ash
Provide in front of stoker ash pit doors, a 610 by 610 mm 24 by 24 inch
cast iron grid and hopper with opening approximately sized for the
conveyor. Provide intake with dusttight, removable 6 mm 1/4 inch thick
checkered steel plate cover.
2.13.4.3
Silo Discharge Valve
Provide a rotary feeder for discharging bottom ash and fly ash from the ash
silo. Feeders shall be of ductile iron or cast steel and shall be complete
with motor, motor support, chain drive, and necessary guards. Chain shall
be driven through a torque limiting clutch on the driven sprocket equipped
with electric cutout switch and alarm. [Feeder shall have spring-loaded
hinged bypass plate to permit passage of clinkers.] Inlet and outlet
flanges shall be standard drilled pipe flange. Rotor blades and sealing
arrangement shall be manufacturer's standard for the intended service. When
rotors are equipped with adjustable tips, provide a service door in body of
valve for tip adjustment. Provide packing gland type shaft seals with
suitable packing materials. Shaft bearings shall be outboard sealed ball
bearings. Periphery seals shall be such that a complete seal is
accomplished at a differential of [_____] Pa inches of water
static/pressure.
2.13.5
Conveyors
2.13.5.1
Chain Drag Conveyor
Provide with endless chain for dragging coal ashes from front of boilers
along a recessed trough to the inlet chute of a bucket elevator. Conveyor
shall have [_____] meter feet sprocket centers, operate at speed not
greater than 35 mm/sec 7 fpm, and have a capacity of not less than [_____]
Mg tons per hour of 640 kg per cubic meter 40 pounds per cubic foot ash.
Provide conveyor complete with continuous chain, drive, and take up
terminals, gears, shafts, bearings, return rolls, hard white iron trough,
ash intake gratings, floor plates, discharge chute, electric motor,
reduction gear, and supports. [Chain drag conveyor shall be designed for
future length of [_____] meters feet.]
a.
Head and Foot Shafts: Provide SAE-1045, steel head and foot shafts not
less than [_____] and [_____] mm [_____] and [_____] inches in
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 111
diameter, respectively, mounted in anti-friction roller bearings in
pillow blocks. Foot shaft shall have screw-type takeups with not less
than [_____] mm inches adjustment.
b.
Terminal Sprockets: Gray iron chilled rim not less than [_____] mm
inches in diameter with solid web and not less than eight teeth each.
c.
Chain: Combination drag type of riveted construction. Design chain
symmetrically so that it can be turned over after one side is worn.
Chain shall be [_____] mm inches wide with a pitch not greater than 200
mm 8 inches and an ultimate strength of not less than [187] [249] kN
[42,000] [56,000] pounds. Construct chain of promal, a pearlitic
malleable iron, center links not less than [_____] mm inches high, and
heavy [_____] mm inch thick heat treated carbon steel side bars. Steel
pins shall be cold rolled steel not less than [_____] mm inch in
diameter, press-fitted into sidebars, and machined flat on one side to
prevent rotation. Center section shall be rugged block type forming a
rigid rectangle for maximum resistance to distortion with broad wearing
shoes contoured to prevent snagging and damage to chain or trough.
Barrels of center section shall be chambered to provide lubricant
reservoir and still provide maximum bearing area for pins. Shape
barrel with pushing surface on one side and for contact with sprocket
on the other side.
d.
Trough: Concrete lined with not less than [_____] mm inch thick hard
white iron approximately as indicated. Trough shall be [_____] mm
inches wide with hinged 6 mm 1/4 inch thick checkered steel plate
covers. Covers shall be installed to be dusttight. Coordinate
concrete work with conveyor manufacturer's requirements.
e.
Return Rollers: Chilled rim, single flange, enclosed-oiling type on
[_____] mm inch diameter carbon steel shafts spaced at not more than 3
meters 10 feet apart.
f.
Discharge Chute: Construct of not less than 10 mm 3/8 inch steel plate
and slope at not less than 60 degrees.
g.
Electric Motor and Drive: Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque,
[_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz not less than [_____] kW hp as
specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES, in this section, direct
connected by means of flexible coupling to a reduction gear unit having
alloy steel helical or herringbone gears and antifriction bearings
enclosed in oiltight housing. Provide an adjustable base for motor and
reduction gear. Drive, from output shaft of reduction gear to conveyor
head shaft, shall be by means of finished steel roller chain running
over cut tooth sprockets complete with steel plate chain guard. Roller
chain, sprockets and roller chain attachments shall conform to
ASME B29.100.
2.13.5.2
Screw Conveyors
Provide each screw conveyor dusttight and furnished complete, with trough,
screw, inlet and discharge spouts, discharge gates, bearings, bearing
hangers, dust cover, electric motor, reduction gear, [service platform,]
and supports. Each screw conveyor shall meet the following minimum design
and performance specifications when handling dry flyash of density not
greater than [_____] kg per cubic meter pounds per cubic foot:
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 112
CONVEYOR NO. 1
CONVEYOR NO. 2
Capacity
[_____] Mg/hr
[_____] Mg/hr
Screw diameter
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Length
[_____] meters
[_____] meters
Coupling diameter
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Motor horsepower
[_____] kW
[_____] kW
Screw flight thickness
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Trough thickness
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Trough cover thickness
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Trough end plate thickness
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Maximum speed
[_____] rpm
[_____] rpm
CONVEYOR NO. 1
CONVEYOR NO. 2
Capacity
[_____] tons/hr
[_____] tons/hr
Screw diameter
[_____] inches
[_____] inches
Length
[_____] feet
[_____] feet
Coupling diameter
[_____] inches
[_____] inches
Motor horsepower
[_____] hp
[_____] hp
Screw flight thickness
[_____] inches
[_____] inches
Trough thickness
[_____] inches
[_____] inches
Trough cover thickness
[_____] inches
[_____] inches
Trough end plate thickness
[_____] inches
[_____] inches
Maximum speed
[_____] rpm
[_____] rpm
a.
Inlet and Discharge Spouts: Arrange as indicated. Spouts shall be
flanged and square with opening dimensions equal to inside diameter of
trough.
b.
Screw Trough: Provide dusttight screw trough with trough covers.
Support trough by 6 mm 1/4 inch thick steel plate feet at not less than
3 meter 10 foot intervals. Individual trough sections shall not be
greater than 3 meters 10 feet long with steel angle end flanged
connections.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 113
c.
Bearings and Hangers: Provide thrust bearings and trough end dust
seals for both drive and tail bearings. Thrust bearings shall be
bronze in antifriction pillow blocks. Screw hanger bearings shall be
babitted-type, with cast iron hangers having removable bearing caps
held in place by a U-bolt. Design hangers to fit inside the conveyor
trough and equip bearings for grease lubrication with grease fittings
penetrating dust cover to allow bearings to be greased without removing
dust cover. Hangers shall not be located at trough joints, feed, or
discharge openings. Locate hangers at not less than [ 3.66 meter 12
foot intervals for screw diameters larger than 250 mm 10 inches] [and] [
3 meter 10 foot intervals for screw diameters 250 mm 10 inchesin
diameter and smaller].
d.
Conveyor Screws and Couplings: Construct conveyor screws of
helocoid-type flights and connect with cold rolled steel couplings.
Assemble conveyor screws so that at the hangers there is 180 degrees
rotation between flight ends of each adjacent screw section. Screw
flight shall end over last discharge spout so bare pipe extends across
this area to prevent material carry-over.
e.
Electric Motor: Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque, [_____]
volt, three phase, 60 Hz, not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in
the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES. Install motor at discharge end of
conveyor. Motor shall be supported by a unit bracket attached to the
screw conveyor trough end plate and connected to reduction gear through
a V-belt drive. Reduction gear shall be shaft mounted, double
reduction type mounted directly on the conveyor shaft. Provide tie
rods, when required, to prevent reduction gear rotation and for
adjusting belt tension.
f.
Service Platforms: Conform to OSHA regulations as indicated to
properly maintain and service conveyor drive unit.
2.13.6
Bucket Elevator
Provide a dusttight bucket elevator centrifugal discharge type, having
approximately [_____] meters feet [_____] mm inch sprocket centers,
vertical chain and bucket, operating at a speed not to exceed [_____] m/s
fpm, and having a capacity of not less than [_____] Mg tons per hour of 640
kg per cubic meter 40 pounds per cubic foot ash. Provide bucket elevator
complete with continuous chain and attached buckets, sprockets, gears,
shafts, bearings, casing, top hood, discharge spout, bottom boot, access
doors, electric motor, reduction gear, service platform, and accessories.
2.13.6.1
Head and Foot Shafts
Not less than [_____] and [_____] mm [_____] and [_____] inches in
diameter, respectively. Construct shafts of cold rolled steel and mount in
antifriction roller bearings with forced lubricating type fittings. Mount
foot shaft in fixed pillow blocks. Head shaft shall have screw-type
takeups with not less than [_____] mm inches adjustment.
2.13.6.2
Terminal Sprockets
Cast iron with chilled rims. Head sprocket shall be not less than [_____]
mm inches in diameter and foot sprocket not less than [_____] mm inches in
diameter.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 114
2.13.6.3
Buckets ands Chain
Construct buckets of malleable iron not less than 200 mm long, 127 mm wide,
and 140 mm deep 8 inches long, 5 inches wide, and 5 1/2 inches deep.
Buckets shall be mounted by not less than four bolt attachments to a single
strand of steel bushed chain having an ultimate strength of not less than
178 kN 40,000 pounds and pitch of 100 mm 4 inches. Bucket spacing shall
not be greater than 406 mm 16 inches.
2.13.6.4
Backstop
Differential band brake type to prevent reversal of chain and buckets in
case of power failure.
2.13.6.5
Elevator Casing
Not less than 298 by 991 mm 11 3/4 by 39 inch internal dimension and
constructed of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild
steel plate with 50 by 50 by 6 mm 2 by 2 by 1/4 inch corner angles for full
height of elevator casing. Fabricate casing in standard sections from 3 to
3.66 meters 10 to 12 feet high with 50 by 50 by 6 mm 2 by 2 by 1/4 inch
angle flanges at the end of each section. Provide a hinged inspection door
not less than 610 by 762 mm 24 by 30 inches in the section immediately
above the boot section and where indicated. Casing and inspection doors
shall be of dusttight construction with flange angles continuously welded
and gasketed. No makeshift repairs or field patching to overcome leakage
shall be permitted. Coat casing interior with not less than 1.60 mm 1/16
inch thick coal tar primer and enamel conforming to SSPC PS 11.01.
2.13.6.6
Head Section
Construct of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild steel
plate in heavy angle frame with split, hinged, and removable top cover hood
built of not less than 10 gage ( 3.42 mm 0.1345 inch) commercial hot rolled
mild steel plate and flanged discharge throat built of not less than 5 mm
3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild steel plate. Design head section to
support the drive machinery and head bearings. Provide access ladder and
service platform conforming to applicable OSHA regulations as indicated for
providing proper service and maintenance of elevator.
2.13.6.7
Boot Section
Construct of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch commercial hot rolled mild steel
plate in heavy angle frame with curved and renewable bottom plate and
renewable internal loading leg, both built of not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch
commercial hot rolled mild steel plate, and flanged inlet. Mount take-up
and foot terminal bearing on one side of boot in a bolted removable side
panel so foot shaft and sprocket may be removed through side of the door.
Bolt end panels so they are removable for cleanout and inspection.
2.13.6.8
Electric Motor
Totally enclosed, fan cooled, high torque, [_____] volt, three phase, 60
Hz, not less than [_____] kW hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND
DRIVES, direct connected by means of flexible coupling to a reduction gear
unit having alloy steel herringbone or helical gears and antifriction
bearings enclosed in oiltight housing. Provide an adjustable base for
motor and reduction gear unit. Drive, from the output speed shaft of the
reduction gear to the elevator head shaft, shall be by means of finished
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 115
(3) Immunity to Hot Refractory: Operate burner at high fire until
combustion chamber refractory reaches maximum temperature. Main
fuel valve shall then be closed manually. Combustion safeguard
shall drop out immediately causing the safety shutoff valves to
close within the specified control reaction and valve closing
times.
[
(4) Pilot Intensity Required: Gradually reduce the fuel supply to the
pilot flame to the point where the combustion safeguard begins to
drop out (sense "no flame") but holds in until the main fuel valve
opens. At this point of reduced pilot fuel supply, the pilot
flame shall be capable of safely igniting the main burner. When
the main fuel valve can be opened on a pilot flame of insufficient
intensity to safely light the main flame, the boiler shall be
rejected.
]
(5) Boiler Limit and Fuel Safety Interlocks: Safety shutdown shall be
caused by simulating interlock actuating conditions for each
boiler limit and fuel safety interlock. Safety shutdowns shall
occur in the specified manner.
(6) Combustion Controls: Demonstrate accuracy, range and smoothness
of operation of the combustion controls by varying steam demand
through the entire firing range required by the turndown ratio
specified for the burner. The control accuracy shall be as
specified.
(7) Safety Valves: High pressure limit switch shall be locked out or
otherwise made inoperative and boiler safety valves shall be
lifted by steam. Determine relieving capacity, popping pressure,
blowdown and reseating pressure by observation and measurement in
accordance with ASME BPVC SEC I. The ASME standard symbol will be
accepted only as indicating compliance with design and material
requirements of the code.
3.2.5.6
Auxiliary Equipment and Accessory Tests
Observe and test blowdown valves, stop valves, try cocks, draft fans, fuel
oil heaters, pumps, electric motors, and other accessories and appurtenant
equipment during operational and capacity tests for leakage, malfunctions,
defects, and for compliance with referenced standards.
3.2.5.7
Feedwater Equipment Tests
Perform test of the feedwater treatment equipment in two steps. Conduct one
test concurrently with the combustion tests. The Government will perform a
second test during the first period of heavy loading after the plant has
been accepted and put in service. Correct deficiencies revealed during the
Government tests under the guarantee provisions of the contract. Both the
first and second series of tests shall determine compliance with the limits
for chemical concentrations of this specification. Supply equipment for
taking samples and test kit for analyzing the samples. Sampling equipment
and test kit shall become the property of the Government when tests are
completed.
3.2.5.8
Capacity and Efficiency Tests
Perform capacity and efficiency tests after operating tests have been
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 162
satisfactorily completed and boiler has been operated continuously for at
least 14 days with no nuisance shutdowns and without the necessity for
frequent or difficult adjustments. Perform capacity and efficiency tests
on each boiler. Conduct tests using specified fuel[s]. Test procedures
shall be in accordance with the heat loss method [and the input-output
method] of ASME PTC 4. Before performing tests, the Contracting Officer
and the Contractor shall reach agreement on those items identified in
ASME PTC 4, Section 3, paragraph 3.0l "Items on Which Agreement Shall be
Reached." A test run shall not start until boiler and accessories have
reached an equilibrium and stabilization condition for at least one hour in
duration. Duration of tests shall be sufficient to record necessary data
but in no case shall each run be less than [4] [10] [24] hours.
a.
Accomplish maximum output testing by means of a single 2 hour run at
110 percent load on the boiler under test. Calculate boiler
efficiency, both input-output and heat loss, from the consistent
readings taken during the runs. Runs shall be made at four different
loads 30, 50, 70, and 100 percent of boiler rating during which both
heat loss and input-output data shall be taken. Predict unmeasured
losses used in conjunction with heat loss calculations and include with
equipment data when submitted for approval. Subsequent tests required
because of failure of the equipment to perform adequately during
specified capacity and efficiency tests shall be the financial
responsibility of the Contractor, including the cost of fuel.
b.
Should analysis of the fuel being burned during performance tests vary
from that specified as the performance fuel, adjust guarantees in
accordance with accepted engineering practice to determine compliance.
Carbon loss shall be determined in accordance with ABMA Boiler 103.
3.2.5.9
Temporary Waste Steam Connection
When necessary to obtain sufficient load for these tests, provide a
temporary steam line at a point outside the building. Provide necessary
pipe, fittings, supports, anchors and appurtenances including a field
fabricated silencer as directed by the Contracting Officer. Remove
temporary piping and silencer after satisfactorily completing tests.
[3.2.5.10
Fire Safety for Oil-Fired Boilers
Conduct tests as necessary to determine compliance with the applicable UL
Safety Standards. The presence of the applicable Underwriters' label may
be accepted as evidence of compliance in this respect.
a.
Oil-fired Boilers:
b.
Oil Burners:
]3.2.5.11
Meet test requirements of UL 726.
Meet test requirements of UL 296.
Plant Acceptance Operation
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include bracketed portion if project is for
coal fired installation with flue gas
desulfurization system.
**************************************************************************
After satisfactory completion of tests specified, operate the complete
plant including each boiler [, its related flue gas cleaning equipment] and
subsystems for a period of 30 continuous 24 hour operational days prior to
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 163
hood. Bag material shall be sateen cotton capable of withstanding not less
than 91 degrees C 195 degrees F, weighing 0.33 kg per square meter 9.75
ounces per square yard, having thread count of 4 by 2 per square mm 96 by
60 per square inch and permeability of 76 to 102 L/s 15 to 20 cfm per square
meter foot at 249 Pa one inch water column. Vent shall have not less than
[_____] square meter feet effective cloth filtering area, with each bag
having a maximum effective cloth filtering area of 0.56 square meter 6
square feet.
2.13.9
Rotary Ash Conditioner (Unloader)
Provide a complete dustless horizontal, floor mounted unloading device to
discharge ashes from silo to a [truck] [railroad car]. Unloader (ash
conditioner) shall include a 762 mm 30 inch diameter revolving drum which
rotates about fixed spray nozzles, and be complete with conditioner and
discharge compartments, scrapers, and other accessories as required.
Unloader drum shall be constructed of steel plate not less than 10 mm 3/8
inch thick and shall be roller chain driven by a totally enclosed, fan
cooled, [_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz electric motor not less than 3.75
kW 5 hp as specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES. Unloader shall
discharge conditioned ashes to a truck through a 6 mm 1/4 inch thick steel
plate chute. Unloader shall be designed to eliminate most dust when in
operation. Unloader may utilize screws as a means of mixing. Dustless
unloader shall add water to ash, but not to the extent that free or surplus
water is running or dripping from ash after discharge. Discharge ash shall
be in a semi-fluid, loose, free flowing condition.
2.13.10
Fluidizing System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete fluidizing system if not necessary.
**************************************************************************
Provide a fluidizing system on silo floor to ensure a constant and uniform
feed of ash through the silo discharge outlet. System shall consist of a
series of diffuser modules, a conical diffuser hood, designed to support
the total weight of ash when silo is full, and compressed air piping. Each
diffuser module shall be mounted on the silo floor using sloped concrete
pads. System shall operate from the plant air system. Provide pressure
reducing valves, safety valves, and controls for a complete system.
2.13.11
Control Panel and Controls
Provide a semi-automatic control system for the ash handling system [as
indicated]. Provide a centrally controlled operation, with auxiliary local
operation, and a monitoring control system with graphic display for the ash
conveying system. Provide local control stop-start pushbuttons and
indication stations for chain drag conveyor, screw conveyors, bucket
elevator, and rotary ash conditioner. Ash handling system manufacturer
shall provide measuring devices, status switches, solenoid valves, and
auxiliary parts necessary to safely control and operate the system.
Provide related electrical work required to operate the ash handling
system. [Provide detailed control logic diagrams from ash handling system
manufacturer to manufacturer of the digital process control and data
acquisition system.]
2.13.11.1
Control Panel
Provide a [separate control panel] [subpanel mounted in the main plant
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 118
control panel] of NEMA 12 construction, centrally located in the main plant
control room. Panel front shall include a system graphic display as
indicated. Display shall be approximately to scale and painted with an
industrial acrylic enamel. Outline items with 3 mm 1/8 inch wide black
lines. Lettering shall be on engraved plastic screwed to front of panel,
with white letters on a black background. Provide controls for operation
on [_____] volt, [_____] phase, 60 Hz ac. Panel shall be complete with an
annunciator and interlocks, relays, switches, running and safety lights,
and auxiliary parts necessary to safely control and operate the system.
Items located in the door shall be dusttight and oil tight with
push-to-test transformer type indicating lights. Control relays shall be
10 amp, 600 volt class with convertible contacts. Provide and mark
terminals for connections with the exception of the neutral. Panel shall
contain [_____] percent spare terminals. Wiring shall be No. 14 AWG type
THHN stranded. Neutral wire shall be white and remaining wiring of 120
volts or less shall be color coded and labeled. Provide a plastic wire
duct of sufficient size to provide [_____] percent cross sectional spare.
Wiring shall be in accordance with requirements of NFPA 70.
a.
Panel Devices: Control panel shall include the following indicating
lights and color:
(1)
Power - ON
red
(2)
System Run (3 required)
Chain drag conveyor to elevator
green
Screw conveyors to drag conveyor
green
Bucket elevator to silo
green
(3)
Ash Silo - HI LEVEL
red
(4)
Ash Silo - LOW LEVEL
red
(5)
Silo Vent Filter - ON
green
b.
Provide momentary contact pushbuttons or selector switches for the
following:
(1) System - START (3 required)
Bucket elevator
Chain drag conveyor
Screw conveyors
(2) System - STOP (red head)
c.
Provide sensors such that the following items can be alarmed on an ash
handling system control panel annunciator.
(1) Ash silo - HIGH LEVEL
(2) Bucket elevator - EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN
(3) Screw conveyor - EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 119
(4) Chain drag conveyor - EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN
(5) Silo vent filter - OFF
(6) Plugged Hopper
d.
Provide auxiliary devices required for the control functions above and
laminated plastic name plates for devices on the panel front.
e.
Provide local control panel for operating and indication of the rotary
ash conditioner with the following functions:
(1) Power - ON (red)
(2) Water - ON/OFF
(3) Ash feeder - ON/OFF
(4) Rotary ash conditioner - START/STOP/JOG
(5) Normal Stop
(6) Wash out - START/STOP
(7) Emergency Stop: Provide control panel mounted at grade level for
remote operation of the rotary ash conditioner with the following
functions:
(a) Rotary ash conditioner - START/STOP
(b) Normal stop
(c) Emergency stop
]2.14
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Mechanical cyclone collectors should be used
for soot blowing and as a prefilter on baghouse
fabric filters or electrostatic precipitators. The
fabric filter should be used where necessary to meet
local, state or federal regulations or statutes for
particulate emissions, when sulfur emissions are
within regional limits through the burning of low
sulfur "compliance coal." When coal containing more
than 2 percent sulfur is burned, an electrostatic
precipitator is generally more economical for
control of particulates than the fabric filters, if
sulfur emissions will meet regional limitations.
When sulfur emissions are not within the regional
limits, a scrubber with a prefilter mechanical
cyclone and possibly a baghouse filter may be
required to meet the emission limitations.
**************************************************************************
2.14.1
Mechanical Cyclone Collectors
As specified in Section 23 51 43.01 20 MECHANICAL CYCLONE DUST COLLECTOR OF
FLUE GAS PARTICULATES.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 120
2.14.2
Fabric Filter Baghouse
As specified in Section 23 51 43.03 20 FABRIC FILTER DUST COLLECTOR OF
FLYASH PARTICULATES IN FLUE GAS.
2.14.3
Electrostatic Precipitator Filters
As specified in Section 23 51 43.01 20 MECHANICAL CYCLONE DUST COLLECTOR OF
FLUE GAS PARTICULATES.
2.14.4
Scrubbers
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title
in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.
**************************************************************************
As specified in [_____].
2.15
MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT
2.15.1
Condensate Receiver
Provide a [horizontal] [vertical] type tank not less than [_____] meters
feet [_____] mm inches in diameter by [_____] meters feet [_____] mm inches
[long] [high] overall with a storage capacity of not less than [_____]
liters gallons. Tank shall be constructed of welded steel plate not less
than 10 mm 3/8 inch thick. Provide condensate tank with a 610 mm 24 inch
diameter manway, dual gage glasses with protective guards, saddles, and
other connections as indicated.
2.15.1.1
Coating
Surface blast interior of tank to bare metal and coat with a bake-on
phenolic lining or corrosion resistant liner consisting of a resin and
hardener suitable for immersion in water at not less than 121 degrees C 250
degrees F. Coat exterior of tank with one shop coat of manufacturer's
standard primer rated for service of not less than 121 degrees C 250
degrees F.
2.15.1.2
Accessories
Provide condensate receiver with the following:
a.
Connections for condensate pumped return, vent, water outlet, drain,
sampling outlet, level transmitter and controls.
b.
[_____] mm inch vent.
c.
Reflex type water gage glasses with shutoff valves and guards.
d.
One, 125 mm 5 inch dial, thermometer, 10 to 149 degrees C 50 to 300
degree F range, with lagging extension type wells, for steam and water
space.
e.
[_____] mm inch overflow trap.
f.
One high water alarm switch with stainless steel float and trim.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 121
Circuit shall close as liquid level rises. Locate switch to close
circuit when water level rises to 25 mm one inch below overflow level
of receiver.
g.
One low water alarm switch with stainless steel float and trim. Circuit
shall close as liquid level falls. Locate switch to close circuit when
water level drops to 25 percent of the storage capacity of the storage
tank.
h.
Install switches on a single column with valved connections to tank.
Provide unions in pipe on each side of each float switch.
i.
Furnish pipe, fittings, controls, specialties, bolts, gaskets, drains,
valves, necessary for a complete unit and install at jobsite.
j.
Provide automatic control system to control level in condensate tank by
modulating discharge from condensate pumps.
2.15.2
Deaerating Heater
Provide a deaerating feedwater heater with storage tank conforming to
FS W-H-2904, except as modified below and to ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1. Tank
shall be ASME Code stamped. Provide stainless steel trays. No test model
will be required.
a.
Model A - Pressurized operation.
b.
Type I
c.
Class 3 - 10 minute water storage capacity (minimum).
d.
Grade A - Guaranteed removal from water of all dissolved oxygen in
excess of 0.005 cubic centimeters (cc) per liter 0.0012 cubic inches
per gallon, over a ten to one load swing.
2.15.2.1
- Tray-type heating and deaerating element.
Heater Capacity
Provide deaerating heater capable of heating and deaerating makeup water
consisting of [_____] kg per second pounds per hour of softened makeup
water from [_____] to [_____] degrees C F (outlet temperature).
2.15.2.2
Inlet Water Characteristics
Softened makeup water:
a.
Ph: [_____]
b.
Total hardness (as CaC03): [_____]
2.15.2.3
Storage Tank
Horizontal design with steel supports [drilled for bolting] of approved
design.
Provide storage tank with not less than a 410 by 510 mm 16 by 20
inch minimum size manhole and cover and provide heater section with not
less than a 300 by 460 mm 12 by 18 inch minimum size tray access handhole
and door.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 122
2.15.2.4
Vent Condensing Arrangement
Provide deaerating heater with a vent condenser which shall condense vented
steam when heater is operating at full capacity with inlet water mixture at
a temperature not exceeding 82 degrees C 180 degrees F. Construct vent
condenser, when of the direct contact type, with stainless steel baffling.
2.15.2.5
Materials
Construct trays, tray supports, water distributors, and all other parts
coming in contact with underaerated water or air laden steam of 430
stainless steel.
2.15.2.6
Accessories
Provide the deaerating heater with the following accessories:
a.
Pressure Relief Valve:
Sized in accordance with FS W-H-2904.
b.
Thermometers: Two, 125 mm 5 inch dial thermometers, 10
50 to 300 degrees F, with lagging extension type wells
tank and heater section. Provide a thermometer similar
with range of minus [_____] degrees C F to plus [_____]
the makeup water connection.
c.
Lifting attachments for tray section and storage tank.
d.
Water Gage Glasses:
e.
Pressure Gages: One 150 mm 6 inch dial compound pressure gage for the
heater section with range from [_____] kPa inches of mercury (vacuum)
to [_____] kPa (gage) psig.
f.
Float Controllers:
to 149 degrees C
for the storage
to above but
degrees C F for
Reflex type with shutoff valve and guards.
(1) Inlet condensate controller
(2) Makeup water controller
(3) Overflow controller
g.
Overflow Control Valve:
automatic operation.
With pneumatic controller arranged for local
h.
Storage Tank Gage Glass: Full height, shielded, for storage tank
including shutoff valve and drain cocks.
i.
Makeup Water Inlet Control Valve:
j.
Switches: For low water level alarm in the storage tank, high water
level alarm, condensate pump shutdown in the storage tank, and low
steam pressure alarm. Install switches on a single column with
connections valved and unions provided in pipe on each side of each
float switch.
k.
Special Tools:
l.
Condensate Pump Reset: With stainless steel float and trim to reset
pump shutdown switch on fall of liquid level in tank to [_____] mm
With pneumatic controller.
One set for maintenance.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 123
inches below level of overflow level of storage tank.
m.
[ n.
Furnish pipe, fittings, controls, specialties, bolts, gaskets, drains,
and valves, necessary for proper attachment of accessories and
trimmings and install.
Oil separator
]2.15.2.7
Connections
Provide necessary connections for condensate, steam, makeup water, removal
of vented gases, vacuum breakers, discharge of deaerated water, and
instruments and controls.
a.
Provide heater connections as follows:
(1)
[_____] mm inch steam inlet
(2)
[_____] mm inch makeup water inlet
(3)
[_____] mm inch condensate
(4)
[_____] mm inch high pressure trap return
(5)
[_____] relief valves sized as required
(6)
[_____] mm inch vent
(7)
[_____] mm inch for thermometer well
(8)
[_____] mm inch for pressure gage
(9)
Vacuum Breakers:
As required
(10) [_____] mm inch heater drain
(11) [_____] mm inch spare [capped] [flanged]
(12) [_____] mm inch spare [capped] [flanged]
(13) Handholes And Manhole:
b.
With covers
Tank connections shall include:
(1)
[_____] mm inch drain
(2)
[_____] mm inch boiler feed recirculation ([_____] required)
(3)
25 mm One inch sampling
(4)
25 mm One inch chemical feed
(5)
[_____] mm inch for sight glass ([_____] sets required)
(6)
[_____] mm inch for high and low level alarm switches
(7)
[_____] mm inch thermometer well
(8)
Vacuum Breakers:
As required
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 124
(9)
[_____] mm inch spare (capped)
(10) [_____] mm inch spare (flanged)
(11) [_____] mm inch level transmitter and controller ([_____] sets
required)
(12) Downcomer And Equalizer:
As required
(13) [_____] mm inch feedwater outlet
(14) [_____] mm inch overflow outlet with internal water seal
2.15.2.8
Level Control
Provide an automatic control system to control the water level in the
storage tank, by modulating valves in the makeup water lines. Output of
condensate pump shall be controlled by level in condensate storage tank.
a.
Controllers: Provide external cage type air operated level controllers
for both the condensate and makeup water lines complete with 40 mm 1
1/2 inch screwed connections, external cage, and controller. Cage body
shall be Class 125 cast iron construction. Internal components
including displacer, torque tube, displacer rod, displacer rod driver
and bearings shall be 316 stainless steel. Displacer shall be 356 mm
14 inches long. Controller shall be direct acting with 20 to 103 kPa
(gage) 3 to 15 psig range with proportional band adjustment. Locate
controller to maintain an operating level at 2/3 full point of storage
tank. Provide level controller with air pressure reducing valve,
filter, gages and isolating valves for float cage. Provide unions on
each side of float cage.
b.
Air Operated Regulating Valves: Provide air operated control valves
for both the condensate and makeup water lines. Valves shall have
Class 125 or Class 150 rating with iron or semi-steel bodies and 316
stainless steel internals. Provide condensate valve which fails open
on loss of air and makeup water valve with an air lock mounted on valve
diaphragm to hold valve in last position on loss of air. Design valves
for the following conditions:
Condensate
Makeup Water
Valve size
[_____] mm
[_____] mm
Capacity
[_____] L/s
[_____] L/s
Maximum pressure drop at above
capacity
[_____] kPa (gage)
[_____] kPa (gage)
Available pressure
[_____] kPa (gage)
[_____] kPa (gage)
Minimum Cv at 100 percent open
[_____]
[_____]
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 125
Condensate
Makeup Water
Valve size
[_____] inch
[_____] inch
Capacity
[_____] gpm
[_____] gpm
Maximum pressure drop at above
capacity
[_____] psig
[_____] psig
Available pressure
[_____] psig
[_____] psig
Minimum Cv at 100 percent open
[_____]
[_____]
2.15.2.9
Low Pressure Steam Control
Provide an automatic control system to control steam to the deaerating
heater. Maintain steam pressure in the heater by modulating a pressure
reducing valve in the steam supply line. Control shall be local and remote
from the control panel.
a.
Controller: Adjustable proportional band, 0 to 103 kPa (gage) 15 psig
brass bellows for input signal, and 20 to 103 kPa (gage) 3 to 15 psig
output air pressure range, pilot controller complete with air set
(valve, filter, drier and pressure regulator) mounted on control valve
yoke.
b.
Pressure Reducing Station Control Valve: Provide a [_____] mm inch air
operated pressure reducing valve with proper internals to pass a flow
of [_____] kg per second pounds per hour of steam. Steam at the valve
inlet shall be [_____] kPa (gage) psig saturated, and outlet shall be
controlled at [_____] kPa (gage) psig. Minimum steam flow shall be
approximately [_____] kg per second pounds per hour. Minimum valve Cv
shall be [_____] at 100 percent open. Valve shall be Class 250 or
Class 300 flanged, iron or semi-steel body with stainless steel
internals equal percentage flow characteristics and a full size port.
Provide valve actuator including travel indicator, hand jack, valve
positioner, and air supply filter-reducer set. Valve shall move to
open position in case of failure.
2.15.2.10
Gage Glasses
Provide to cover the entire range of water level in the storage section.
Gage glasses shall not be greater than 610 mm 24 inches center-to-center.
Provide gage glasses complete with [chain operated] ball check shutoff and
drain cock valves and safety shield.
2.15.2.11
Alarms
Provide high and low water level alarms for storage tank as follows:
a.
High Water Level Alarm: Switch with stainless steel float and trim.
Locate switch to close circuit when water level rises to 25 mm one inch
below overflow level of storage tank.
b.
Low Water Level Alarm: Switch with stainless steel float and trim.
Locate switch to close circuit when water level falls to [_____] meters
feet [_____] mm inches above bottom of storage tank.
c.
Coordinate alarms with annunciator panel as indicated.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 126
2.15.2.12
Multiport Back Pressure Relief Valve
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use multiport valve on systems where
deaerating heater will be subject to occasional
overpressuring.
**************************************************************************
Provide valve capable of relieving not less than [_____] kg per second
pounds per hour of steam with not more than a [_____] kPa (gage) psig
pressure rise when set at [_____] kPa (gage) psig initial operating
pressure. Set pressure shall be fully adjustable by means of an external
handwheel or chain operator for a range of zero to 172 kPa (gage) 25 psig.
Locate on low pressure steam header manifold for the deaerating heater.
Valve shall be multiport vapor cushion type rated for operating
temperatures up to but not greater than 149 degrees C 300 degrees F with
Class 125 cast iron body, bronze trim and carbon steel springs.
2.15.2.13
Exhaust Head
Type [I (cast iron)] [II (fabricated steel plate)] of [_____] mm inch size
with [_____] mm inch diameter drain, and a capacity of [_____] kg per second
pounds per hour of steam at [_____] kPa (gage) psig.
2.15.3
Boiler Feed Pumps
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use this paragraph for centrifugal boiler
feed pumps. If regenerative type turbine pumps are
required for the smaller capacities, they must be
specified. Use Style 1, horizontal split case pumps
in all sizes where available. Pump service
requirements shall include pump capacity of a
minimum of 135 percent of boiler requirements at
maximum load for modulating service and 200 percent
for on-off service. Discharge head must include all
change in elevation, friction losses through pipe,
valves and fittings and be sufficient to deliver
water to the boiler at a pressure 6 percent higher
than the setting of the lowest set boiler safety
valve.
**************************************************************************
CID A-A-50562, Type II (boiler feed), Style 1 (horizontal split case),
Class [1 single] [2 multi-] stage except as modified below.Submit pump
characteristic curves superimposed on system curves at various pumping
rates, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 percent capacity.
2.15.3.1
Pump Service Requirements
a.
Capacity: [_____] L/s gpm
b.
Pumping temperature: [_____] degrees C F
c.
Liquid pH: [_____]
d.
Discharge head: [_____] meters feet
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 127
e.
Available NPSH: [_____] meters feet
f.
In addition to the operating point established above, pump curve shall
run through the following points:
Capacity
Discharge Head
[_____] L/s
[_____] meters
[_____] L/s
[_____] meters
Capacity
Discharge Head
[_____] gpm
[_____] feet
[_____] gpm
[_____] feet
2.15.3.2
Construction
Bronze fitted including bronze impeller and impeller wear rings, and
ASTM A48/A48M, Class 30, cast iron casing. Provide casing with suction and
discharge gages in tapped openings. Mount each pump and prime mover on a
fabricated steel bed plate having a drip collection chamber with tapped
drain openings. Provide lifting attachments to enable equipment to be set
into its normal position and to enable pumps to be easily dismantled in
place.
2.15.3.3
Drives
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall perform an economic
analysis and make a technical evaluation to
determine if the boiler feed or condensate pump
motors shall be provided with variable speed
control. Generally variable speed drives for pumps
over 5 1/2 kW 7 1/2 hp will be cost effective.
**************************************************************************
[Variable speed] electric motors [or turbines] direct connected to
respective pumps with a gear type, forged steel, flexible coupling.
Provide a shaft and coupling guard.
a.
Electric Motors: [Variable speed], [open dripproof], [totally
enclosed], [fan cooled], [_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz of not less
than [_____] kW hp, as specified in paragraph[s] MOTORS AND DRIVES [and
VARIABLE SPEED CONTROL FOR MOTORS].
[ b. Steam Turbines: Single stage, rated at not less than [_____] kW hp,
with inlet steam pressure of [_____] kPa (gage) psig and [_____] degrees
C F and normal exhaust back pressure of 34 kPa (gage) 5 psig or a
maximum back pressure of 103 kPa (gage) 15 psig. Water rate at full
load and normal steam conditions shall not exceed [_____] kg per BkW
per second pounds per BHP per hour. Provide a stainless steel steam
strainer, sentinel relief valve, sight oil level indicator and one hand
valve.
(1) Turbine Construction:
Turbine casing split on the horizontal
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 128
centerline constructed ofASTM A48/A48Mcast iron, with a design
pressure rating of 1724 kPa (gage) at 232 degrees C 250 psig at
450 degrees F at inlet, and 379 kPa (gage) at 232 degrees C 55
psig at 450 degrees F at the outlet.
(2) Turbine Bearings and Shaft: Horizontal split, ring oiled, sleeve
type, water cooled. Shaft shall be stainless steel or chrome
plated under the packing glands. Shaft seals shall be segmented
carbon rings with springs and stops.
(3) Speed Governor: Variable speed oil relay, NEMA SM 23, Class D
governor for speed control and pneumatic operator to maintain an
adjustable, preset pump discharge header pressure by variation of
turbine speed. Input to the operator shall be a 20 to 103 kPa
(gage) 3 to 15 psig pneumatic signal. Provide an
electro-pneumatic transducer to accept the 4 to 20 mA signal from
the control acquisition system.
(4) Emergency Overspeed Governor: Completely independent of the speed
governor and shall operate a separate trip valve.
(5) Insulation: Turbine shall be insulated and lagged by the
manufacturer as specified in Section 23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION
FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.
]2.15.3.4
Minimum Flow Protection for Boiler Feed Water Pumps
a.
Automatic Flow Control Valve: Provide with each pump an automatic
bypass valve. Valve shall automatically program recirculation flow,
detection of low flow, cycling of control valve and pressure letdown
for high pressure boiler feedwater return to the feedwater heater.
Bypass valve shall be cast steel with stainless steel internals, and
shall have a rating of not less than 2068 kPa (gage) at 204 degrees C
300 psig at 400 degrees F. Valve shall have a line size body with a 25
mm one inch recirculation connection.
b.
Boiler Feedwater Automatic Recirculation System: (Option to Automatic
Valve). Provide to protect feedwater pumps at low flow conditions.
System shall be capable of recirculating the minimum flow recommended
by the pump manufacturer. System shall be an engineered system
consisting of various functional components specified or shall be a
self-contained and self-powered mechanical system. Components of the
engineered system shall include a flow transmitter with orifice in
feedwater line, bypass flow controller with bypass flow control valve,
and a bypass pressure reducing orifice.
(1) System Bypass Flow Controller: Include detection of low flow and
modulation of a control valve in a bypass line returning to a low
pressure sink. Incorporate a pressure let-down feature or device
to reduce pressure from boiler feedwater pump discharge pressure
to that of the low pressure sink.
(2) System Bypass Control Valve: Modulate to provide minimum flow
recommended by the pump manufacturer and to provide shutoff or
recirculation flow when feedwater flow to boilers exceeds minimum
flow required for pump protection.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 129
2.15.3.5
Feedwater Stop and Check Valves
Provide a Class 300, flanged, cast steel feedwater stop gate valve and
check valve on the feedwater outlet of each pump. Provide piping from
valves to economizer inlet, and from economizer to flanged connection on
boiler drum. Provide connection on pipe at economizer outlet for remote
recording thermometer.
2.15.4
Condensate Pumps
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use this paragraph for centrifugal condensate
pumps. If regenerative type turbines are required
for the smaller capacities, they must be specified.
Use Style 1, horizontal split case pumps in all
sizes where available. Pump service requirements
shall include pump capacity of a minimum of 135
percent of boiler requirements at maximum load for
modulating service to the deaerator and 200 percent
for on-off service. Discharge head must include all
change in elevation and friction loses through pipe,
valves and fittings.
**************************************************************************
CID A-A-50562, Type I (general service), Style [1 (horizontally split
case)] [2 (end suction)], Class 1 (single stage) unless modified below.
2.15.4.1
Pump Service Requirements
a.
Capacity:
[_____] L/s gpm
b.
Pumping temperature range:
c.
Liquid pH:
d.
Discharge head:
[_____] meters feet
e.
Available NPSH:
[_____] meters feet
f.
In addition to the operating point established above, pump curve shall
also run through the following points:
[_____]
Capacity
Discharge Head
[_____] L/s
[_____] meters
[_____] L/s
[_____] meters
Capacity
Discharge Head
[_____] gpm
[_____] feet
[_____] gpm
[_____] feet
2.15.4.2
[_____] to [_____] degrees C F
Construction
Bronze impellers and impeller wear rings.
[Cast iron] [ductile iron] pump
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 130
casing designed for the specified conditions. Bearings shall be oil
lubricated. Equip casing with tapped openings for suction and discharge
gages. Provide gages in openings. Mount pump and driver on a fabricated
steel bed plate having a drip collection chamber with tapped drain
openings. Provide lifting attachments for installation and maintenance.
2.15.4.3
Drives
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The designer shall perform an economic
analysis and make a technical evaluation to
determine if the boiler feed or condensate pump
motors shall be provided with variable speed
control. Generally variable speed drives for pumps
over 5 1/2 kW 7 1/2 hp will be cost effective.
**************************************************************************
[Variable speed] electric motors or [turbines] direct connected to
respective pumps with a gear type flexible coupling. Provide shaft and
coupling guards.
a.
[ b.
Electric Motors: [Variable speed], [open dripproof], [totally
enclosed], [fan cooled], [_____] volt, three phase, 60 Hz of not less
than [_____] kW hp, as specified in paragraph[s] MOTORS AND DRIVES [and
VARIABLE SPEED CONTROL FOR MOTORS].
Steam Turbines: Single stage, rated at not less than [_____] kW hp,
with inlet steam pressure of [_____] kPa (gage) psig and [_____] degrees
C F, normal exhaust back pressure of 34 kPa (gage) 5 psig and a
maximum back pressure of 103 kPa (gage) 15 psig. Water rate at full
load and normal steam conditions shall not exceed [_____] kg per BkW
per second pounds per BHP per hour. Provide a stainless steel steam
strainer, sentinel relief valve, sight oil level indicator and one hand
valve.
(1) Turbine Construction: Turbine casing split on the horizontal or
vertical centerline constructed ofASTM A48/A48M cast iron, with a
design pressure rating of 1724 kPa (gage) at 232 degrees C 250
psig at 450 degrees F at inlet, and 379 kPa (gage) at 232 degrees C
55 psig at 450 degrees F at the outlet.
(2) Turbine Bearings Shaft: Ring oiled, anti-friction type. Shaft
shall be stainless steel or chrome plated under the packing
glands. Shaft seals shall be segmented carbon rings with springs
and stops.
(3) Speed Governor: Variable speed governor for speed limiting and
pneumatic operator to maintain an adjustable preset level in
[deaerator tank] [condensate receiver] by variation of turbine
speed. Input to the operator shall be a 20 to 103 kPa (gage) 3 to
15 psig pneumatic signal and vary the turbine speed from minimum
to full speed in a linear response. Maximum and minimum speed
shall be adjustable. Provide an electro-pneumatic transducer to
accept the 4 to 20 mA signal from the controller.
(4) Emergency Overspeed Governor: Completely independent of the speed
governor and shall operate a separate trip valve.
(5) Insulation:
Turbine shall be insulated
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
and lagged as specified
Page 131
in Section 23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.
]2.15.5
Variable Speed Motor Control
Remotely installed cabinet housed units with solid state rectification and
inverter equipment to vary frequency of electrical power to drive motors.
2.15.5.1
Housing
House controller in a [wall] [floor] mounted, NEMA [_____] enclosure
finished with manufacturers standard painted finish. Provide control panel
complete with fused disconnect switches, magnetic [across the line] [part
winding] starters with thermal overload protection, transformer,
hand-off-automatic selector switches, hand potentiometer for manual speed
control, fuses and running lights.
a.
Provide the manual switch within the control panel so that in the event
failure of a component, motor can be put across the line at full
voltage to maintain air or pump pressure. Provide a mechanical door
interlock that allows panel to open only when fused disconnect is in
the off position.
b.
Variable Frequency Controllers: Variable frequency controllers shall
use solid-state semiconductor power conversion equipment. Provide
controllers as integrated and assembled products. Controllers shall be
furnished by the same manufacturer.
(1) Each controller shall be rated for a supply of [_____] volts,
three phase, 60 Hz. Output shall be [_____] volts, three phase
with frequency variable between zero and 60 Hz. Controllers shall
be rated to operate motors continuously at their rated horsepower
and frequency. Speed regulation shall be three percent or better
without tachometer feedback. Electrical supply system has an
available short circuit rating of [_____] amperes symmetrical.
(2) Each controller shall be capable of driving motor continuously at
a lower speed no greater than 20 percent of full rated motor speed
with stable operation and without overheating the motor under
rated ambient conditions. Provide estimate of minimum speed at
which motor can be operated continuously without overheating or
problems of instability due to overhauling of load.
c.
Provide controller fault protection so that a single or three phase
short circuit at the controller terminals or inverter commutation
failure will not result in damage to power circuit components. Provide
overload protection so that motor and controller are protected against
operating overloads.
d.
Provide adjustable time delay undervoltage protection so that motors
will continue to operate during momentary voltage fluctuation or loss
of voltage. Time adjustment shall be zero to 5 seconds. Provide for
orderly shutdown on undervoltage conditions exceeding the time delay
interval.
e.
Provide adjustable timed linear acceleration and deceleration.
f.
Provide volts/Hz control to prevent motor overheating throughout the
speed range.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 132
g.
Provide door interlocks to prevent opening of enclosure doors unless
power is disconnected.
h.
Controllers shall be self protecting and shall provide orderly shutdown
for, but not limited to, the following conditions:
(1) Loss of input power
(2) Undervoltage
(3) Sustained gradual overload
(4) Fault or large instantaneous overload
(5) Overtemperature
(6) Failure of ventilating system
(7) Overvoltage
(8) Control circuit failure
Provide contacts for remote annunciation of shutdown or abnormal condition.
i.
Electrical Bypass: Provide each controller with manual isolation and
bypass switching. Switch shall be manually operated with controller
deenergized. Switch shall be two position with provisions for locking
switch in either position.
(1) Normal Position: Bypass shall be open and controller shall be
connected to supply circuit and load.
(2) Bypass Position: Bypass shall be closed and controller shall be
electronically isolated from supply and load. Isolating contacts
shall be located so that it is possible to verify by visual
inspection that contacts are open and controller is electrically
isolated. In the bypass position the motor shall be operated at
constant speed and controlled from the air circuit breaker.
Provide auxiliary contacts that close in the bypass position.
Auxiliary contacts shall be used to activate the damper control to
provide fan load control in the bypass position.
2.15.5.2
Controller Environmental Protection
a.
Ventilation: Design controllers enclosed and ventilated for
installation in a moderately dusty area. Provide forced filtered
ventilation including fans, filters, controls and accessories required
for operation. Enclosures shall be operated under positive pressure at
all times. Provide filtered ventilating openings and gasketed doors to
prevent infiltration of dust.
b.
Heating: Provide electric heaters to prevent condensation in the
enclosure and to prevent low ingoing air temperatures that exceed the
equipment rating. Provide a low temperature alarm to sound when
enclosure temperature falls below required minimum temperature.
Provide contacts for remote annunciation of alarm condition.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 133
2.15.5.3
Method of Control
Supply each controller from an electrically operated air circuit breaker or
motor starter. Controller ventilation and heating shall be from another
circuit.
a.
Start Signal: Closes the electrically operated air circuit breaker or
motor starter to energize the controller. Controller shall accelerate
fan to operating speed. Fan speed shall be controlled from the load
control signal.
b.
Stop Signal: Opens electrically operated air circuit breaker or motor
starter to deenergize the controller. Upon deenergization, controller
control system shall revert to stop condition.
c.
Boiler Feedwater Pump Speed Control System: Matches pump discharge to
system demand and maintains a system header pressure controlled to the
set point values. Provide Manual/Automatic control stations for master
pressure and for each boiler feed pump. Provide indicators for
feedwater header pressure and individual boiler feedwater pump flow.
2.15.5.4
Variable Speed Motor Controller
Conduct burn-in tests for at least 50 hours at rated conditions. If a
component fails during burn-in test, replace it, and run test again on
entire assembly for another 50 hours. Burn-in test shall not be complete
until entire assembly has operated for 50 hours without failure.
2.15.6
Valve Actuators
[Electrically] [or] [pneumatically] operated and designed so that valve may
be manually operated by removing drive pins. Actuators shall be operated
by push button control. Locate one push button at a position adjacent to
the valve. Locate a second push button within the boiler control room.
Provide a valve position indicator utilizing indicating lights. A green
light shall indicate valve is fully open and an amber light shall indicate
valve is fully closed. Both lights on shall indicate when valve is
partially open. [Provide torque limit controls to protect valve during
opening and closing for electrically operated valves.] Actuator electric
motor shall be totally enclosed, [_____] volts, [_____] phase, 60 Hz as
specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES. Provide NEMA 4 control
enclosures.
2.15.7
Sump Pumps
CID A-A-50555 with automatic float switch and disconnect switch in NEMA 6
enclosure.
2.15.8
Water Softening System
**************************************************************************
NOTE: One hundred percent makeup shall be assumed
in calculating the sustained softening rate.
**************************************************************************
Ion exchange resin type conforming to WQA S-100 except as modified below.
[Manual] [Push button automatic] [Fully automatic] in operation with
operating controls housed in a NEMA 12 enclosure having a minimum total
capacity between regenerations of [_____] liters gallons of water of [_____]
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 134
grams grains hardness when operated at a sustained softening rate of
[_____] L/s gpm. Maximum effluent water temperature shall be [_____]
degrees C F.
2.15.8.1
Softener Equipment
Including but not limited to the following:
a.
Water Hardness Monitor: Provide with an alarm point at 1.0 ppm to
ensure compliance for boilers rated above 3150 grams/sec 25,000 lb/hr.
b.
Total Solids Monitor and Controller: Provide a continuous monitor and
controller (when required) to control concentration of dissolved solids
and treatment chemicals in water for boilers rated above 3150 grams/sec
25,000 lb/hr.
c.
Water Meter: Provide a [_____] mm inch cold water meter on each
softener unit.
d.
Ion Exchange Resin: High capacity, polystyrene base, sulfonated
synthetic type except that exchange capacity shall be not less than
68.70 kg per cubic meter 30 kilograins per cubic foot at a salt dosage
of 240 kg per cubic meter 15 pounds per cubic foot.
e.
Tank Sizing: Minimum acceptable bed depth of 762 mm 30 inches; maximum
acceptable bed depth of 1829 mm 72 inches. Base reactor tank sizes on
allowing a freeboard above the resin bed of not less than 75 percent of
resin bed depth, and flow rate between 1.11 and 7.13 L/s per cubic meter
0.5 and 3.2 gpm per cubic foot of resin.
2.15.8.2
Brine Storage System
Provide complete, including fiberglass storage tank, sight level gage, bulk
salt delivery tube, internal distribution system, level control system,
tank vent with dust collection system, top and side manholes, access
ladder, and other required appurtenances.
a.
Storage Tank: Filament wound fiberglass with flat bottom and domed top
as recommended by the manufacturer for brine storage. Tank shall be
[_____] meters feet [_____] mm inch in diameter by [_____] meters feet
[_____] mm inch wall height with a nominal capacity of [_____] liters
gallons and a dry salt storage capacity of [_____] Mg tons. Design
water distribution system, internal piping distributors, and brine
collection system so that system shall be capable of dissolving [_____]
kg pounds of rock salt per second minute to produce [_____] L/s gpm of
brine. System shall be able to dissolve [_____] Mg tons of salt before
cleanout.
b.
Accessories:
Provide the following accessories:
(1) Steel holddown lugs securely bonded to tank in adequate number to
properly anchor tank to concrete base;
(2) Side bottom flanged drain not less than 100 mm 4 inches in
diameter;
(3) Side and top manholes not less than 559 mm 22 inches in diameter;
(4) Flanged top connections for delivery pipe and vent;
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 135
(5) Ladder for access to top manhole;
(6) Water inlet connection;
(7) Brine outlet connection;
(8) Level control system; and
(9) Sight level gage
c.
Pneumatic Delivery Pipe:
d.
Dust Collection Vent System and Safety Relief Valve: Provide storage
tank with dust collection vent system and safety relief valve.
e.
Access Ladder: Of steel construction to be bolted to tank by means of
FRP (fiberglass reinforced plastic) mounting lugs complete with safety
cage. Platform shall connect ladder to tank for safe access to the
manhole.
f.
Tank Internals: Construct tank internals including water distribution
piping and brine collectors of FRP or polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
g.
Tank Nozzles:
h.
Level Control System: Electrode holder and electrodes mounted in a
standpipe exterior to the tank. Position electrodes so that a solenoid
operated water makeup valve will be opened or closed to maintain liquid
level to within plus or minus 25 mm one inch of the set level. Provide
tank with a high water alarm. Electrodes shall be easily removable for
cleaning and constructed of materials, that will allow continual
immersion in brine.
2.15.9
Not less than 100 mm 4 inches in diameter.
ASME B16.5, Class 150, FRP or PVC flanges.
Chemical Feed Systems
Provide systems complete with storage tank, supporting framework, hinged
cover, mixer, strainers, level indicators, proportioning pumps, relief
valves and interconnecting piping for a complete chemical feed packaged
unit.
2.15.9.1
Storage Tank
Capacity of 190 liters 50 gallons constructed of FRP.
hinged cover.
2.15.9.2
Provide removable,
Exterior Gage Glass
Protected, full height of tank complete with gage cocks.
2.15.9.3
Low Level Alarm
Provide tank with a low level switch to sound alarm and shut down pumps
should level drop to preset minimum.
2.15.9.4
Dissolving Baskets
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The chemical feed solution to be used shall
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 136
be inserted here.
**************************************************************************
Construct baskets of a corrosion resistant material suitable for continuous
immersion in a [_____] solution.
2.15.9.5
Tank Strainer
In suction line to pump.
2.15.9.6
Supporting Steelwork
Provide to adequately support tank, mixer, and the number of proportioning
pumps specified.
2.15.9.7
Agitator
Provide with mounting bracket to mount to storage tank. Agitator shaft and
propeller shall be of stainless steel.
2.15.9.8
Proportioning Pumps
Provide [two] [three] [_____] [simplex] [duplex] proportioning pump[s].
Each pump shall have a minimum capacity of [_____] L/s gallons per hour at
a [_____] kPa (gage) psig discharge pressure. Capacity shall be adjustable
from zero to 100 percent by a convenient screw adjustment of stroke
length. Provide pump with integral check valves. Electric motors shall be
[totally enclosed], [fan cooled], [_____] volts, [_____] phase, 60 Hz as
specified in the paragraph MOTORS AND DRIVES.
2.15.9.9
Safety Relief Valve
Provide for each pump to discharge back into the tank in event of excessive
line pressure.
2.15.10
All Welded Blowdown Tank
Provide in accordance with the NBBI NB-27 (supplemental to the National
Board Inspection Code) latest edition published by the National Board of
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors, Columbus, Ohio.
2.15.10.1
Construction
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The volume of the blowdown tank shall be
calculated to be twice the volume of water removed
from one boiler when the normal water level is
reduced not less than 100 mm 4 inches.
**************************************************************************
Construct equipment and accessories in accordance with requirements of
ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1 for a working pressure of at least the maximum
allowable working pressure of the boiler but in no case shall plate
thickness be less than 10 mm 3/8 inch. Provide corrosion allowance of
[2.54] [_____] mm [0.1] [_____] inch. Tank dimensions shall be [_____]
meters feet [_____] mm inches o.d. by [_____] meters feet [_____] mm inches
long over the heads (overall). Provide tank with wear plate not less than
10 mm 3/8 inch thick and [279 by 381 mm] [457 by 508 mm] [11 by 15 inch]
[18 by 20 inch] manhole.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 137
a.
Provide the following tank connections:
(1) Blowdown inlet for bottom blowdown:
(2) Tangential blowdown inlet:
(3) Steam vent, flanged:
[20] [25] mm [3/4] [one] inch;
[_____] mm inch;
[_____] mm inch;
(4) Discharge water outlet, flanged: [_____] mm inch with internal
water seal and 20 mm 3/4 inch siphon breaker;
(5) Drain:
50 mm 2 inch;
(6) Thermometer connection:
20 mm 3/4 inch;
(7) Pressure gage connection:
6 mm 1/4 inch;
(8) Cold water inlet: [_____] mm inch with temperature regulating
valve and backflow preventer; and
(9) Two gage glass connections:
b.
15 mm 1/2 inch.
Angle Supports and Coating: Provide tank with steel angle support legs
extending [_____] meters feet below bottom of tank. Coat tank with one
coat of manufacturer's standard high temperature primer.
2.15.10.2
Accessories
a.
Gage Glass:
b.
Thermometer: Bi-metal dial type with separable socket, 125 mm 5 inch
dial, 10 to 149 degrees C 50 to 300 degrees F range.
c.
Pressure Gage:
d.
Internal Baffles and Pipes:
2.15.10.3
300 mm 12 inch reflex type with shutoff valves and guard.
Zero to 172 kPa (gage) 25 psig range.
As detailed.
Controls
Provide a self operating regulator to control the flow of cooling water to
the tank. Regulator shall include a 20 mm 3/4 inch screwed bronze body
with stainless steel trim, reverse acting actuator (for cooling), capillary
tubing and a union connection bulb with a stainless steel well. Control
setting shall be 60 degrees C 140 degrees F with a minimum Cv of [_____].
2.15.11
Continuous Blowdown System
Provide a complete automatic continuous boiler blowdown system which shall
include a controller/programmer unit and flow assembly for each boiler,
plus a continuous blowoff heat exchanger, flash tank and boiler water
sample cooler.
2.15.11.1
Automatic Blowdown Controller
Intermittent type boiler blowdown system rated for not less than 1724 kPa
(gage) 250 psig steam pressure.
a.
Flow Assembly:
Include a 25 mm one inch ball valve with 316 stainless
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 138
steel ball and stem and stainless steel electrode assembly.
b.
Controller/Programmer: Include a conductivity meter with zero to 6000
microhms range, valve open/closed indicators and manual/auto control
switch. Cycle interval and sample duration shall both be adjustable
over a wide range. Mount units at the operating floor near the boiler
front.
c.
Accessories and Connections:
(1) Continuous Blowdown Connection: At each boiler, provide a gate
valve and extend piping to header at flash tank.
(2) Header Connections: Provide with a tee with valved sampling
connection. Provide a 20 mm 3/4 inch, three globe valve bypass
around each flow assembly.
(3) Common Header: Provide from valved outlet connections on flow
assembly units to connection on flash tank.
2.15.11.2
Flash Tank
Designed for [_____] kPa (gage) psig and constructed in accordance with
ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1. Tank shall be [_____] mm inches in diameter by
[_____] mm inches long including heads and shall be ASME Code stamped.
a.
Provide tank with blowdown inlet, steam outlet, gage glass, float
operated outlet valve, relief valve, and inspection openings. Tank
shall have steel angle legs with plate feet for bolting to floor. Legs
shall be of sufficient length so that bottom of lower head of tank will
be not less than 457 mm 18 inches above floor.
b.
Automatic Control System: Control level in the flash tank, by
modulating a valve in the water outlet line.
(1) Level Controller: External cage type air operated level
controller, complete with 40 mm 1 1/2 inch screwed connection, 350
mm 14 inch stainless steel float and Class 125 cast iron body.
Controller shall be direct acting with 20 to 103 kPa (gage) 3 to
15 psig range with proportional band. Locate controller to
maintain an operating level at center line of storage tank.
Provide level controller with air pressure reducing valve, filter,
gages and isolating valves for float cage. Provide unions on each
side of float cage.
(2) Outlet Water Valve: [_____] mm inch air operated control valve
with a capacity to pass [_____] L/s gpm at a pressure drop of
[_____] kPa (gage) psig. Cv shall not be less than [_____] at 100
percent open. Valve shall be Class [_____], flanged, iron or
semi-steel body with stainless steel internals. Valve shall have
equal percentage flow characteristics with a full size port.
Provide an air lock mounted on valve diaphragm and piped to hold
valve in last position on air failure.
2.15.11.3
Sample Cooler
Water cooled shell and tube type with valves and accessories required to
safely withdraw a water sample from the boiler drum. Provide drain under
sampling valve terminating with a 20 mm 3/4 inch splash proof funnel, 229 mm
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 139
9 inches below outlet of valve.
2.15.11.4
Heat Exchanger
Provide an ASME code stamped continuous blowoff heat exchanger designed and
constructed in accordance with ASME BPVC SEC VIII D1, to transfer heat from
the continuous blowoff water leaving continuous blowoff flash tank to
treated makeup water entering the feedwater heater. Heat exchanger shall
be a bare tube, helical coiled bundle, installed in a one piece casing with
removable front plate. Bundle shall be removable. Tube diameter shall be
not less than 20 mm 3/4 inch. Tubes shall be ASTM B111/B111M copper alloy
with cast iron shell. Design tube side for not less than [_____] kPa (gage)
psig pressure at [_____] degrees C F. Design shell side for not less than
[_____] kPa (gage) psig pressure at [_____] degrees C F.
2.16
PIPING
Piping work shall include the provision of piping systems, including
valving and specialty items, for steam plant and related external auxiliary
equipment. Piping shall be in accordance with ASME B31.1 except as
modified below or indicated otherwise.
2.16.1
Expansion
Compute expansion of pipe with operating temperatures above minus 19
degrees C zero degrees F with minus 19 degrees C zero degrees F in lieu of
21 degrees C 70 degrees F specified in ASME B31.1.
2.16.2
Steam Heating and Distribution and Hot Water
Requirements of ASME B31.1 apply to building steam heating and steam
distribution piping designed for 103 kPa (gage) 15 psig or lower and hot
water heating systems 207 kPa (gage) 30 psig or lower.
2.16.3
Materials
Suitable for the maximum pressure at the maximum temperature at which
equipment must operate.
2.16.3.1
a.
Pipe Materials
Steel Pipe:
(1) Steam Pipe, Boiler Feedwater Pipe, Relief Pipe and Steam Tracer
Pipe: Black, ASTM A53/A53M or ASTM A106/A106M seamless steel pipe,
Grade A or B. Wall thickness not less than Schedule 40. Steam
tracer pipe, with steam up to 103 kPa (gage) 15 psig, may be
ASTM B88M ASTM B88, Type K copper tubing.
(2) Condensate Pipe and Boiler Blowdown Pipe: Black, welded or
seamless ASTM A53/A53M or ASTM A106/A106M, steel pipe, Grade A or
B. Wall thickness not less than extra strong (XS or Schedule 80).
(3) Chemical Feed Pipe:
ASTM A312/A312M austenitic stainless steel.
(4) Fuel Oil Pipe: ASTM A53/A53M or ASTM A106/A106M, seamless black
steel pipe, Grade A or B.
(5) Treated Water, Hot Water Heating, High Temperature Water, Drains
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 140
(Other Than Sanitary), and Overflow Pipe:
ASTM A106/A106M, Grade A or B.
(6) Gas Pipe and Compressed Air Pipe:
Grade A or B.
b.
ASTM A53/A53M or
ASTM A53/A53M or ASTM A106/A106M,
Copper Tubing:
(1) Instrument Air Pipe: ASTM B88M ASTM B88hard copper tubing, Type K
or L; except in a corrosive atmosphere or outside pipe shall be
copper tubing, Type K or L, with ASTM D1047 PVC jacketing.
(2) Steam Tracer Pipe: Contractor may provide ASTM B88M ASTM B88,
Type K, copper tubing for steam up 103 kPa (gage) 15 psig.
(3) Potable Water, Sanitary Drains and Storm Drains: As specified in
Section 22 00 00 PLUMBING, GENERAL PURPOSE unless otherwise
specified. Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) and other
plastic tubing and fittings shall not be used in the steam heating
plant.
2.16.3.2
a.
Fittings
Fittings for Steel Pipe:
(1) Sizes 6 to 50 mm 1/8 to 2 inches: ASME B16.3 malleable iron,
screwed end fittings, for working pressures not greater than 2068
kPa (gage) 300 psig at temperatures not greater than 232 degrees C
450 degrees F or ASME B16.11 forged steel.
(2) Sizes 6 to 50 mm 1/8 to 2 inches:
welded end fittings.
ASME B16.11 steel, socket
(3) Sizes 6 to 65 mm 1/8 to 2 1/2 inches:
welding fittings.
(4) Sizes 65 to 600 mm 2 1/2 to 24 inches:
flanged fittings.
ASME B16.9 steel, butt
ASME B16.5 forged steel,
b.
Welded Outlets and Welding Saddles: Make branch connections of 45 and
90 degrees either with ASME B16.9 forged steel welded outlet fittings
or welding saddles. Welding outlets and saddles shall not be smaller
than two pipe sizes less than main pipe sizes.
c.
Fittings For Copper Tubing: ASME B16.18 cast bronze solder joint or
ASME B16.22 wrought copper solder joint. For instrument air, fittings
may be ASME B16.26 compression joint type.
d.
Unions:
(1) Unions For Steel Pipe: ASME B16.11, ASME B16.39 threaded.
for zinc coated pipe shall be zinc coated.
(2) Unions For Copper Tubing: ASME B16.22.
unions may be compression joint type.
2.16.3.3
Unions
For instrument air,
Flanges
ASME B16.5, forged steel, welding type.
Remove raised faces on flanges
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 141
when used with flanges having a flat face. Unless specified otherwise,
pressure and temperature limitations shall be as specified in ASME B16.5
for the proper class and service, and type face specified.
2.16.3.4
a.
Valves
Valves for maximum working pressure of 1034 kPa (gage) 150 psig
saturated steam or 1550 kPa (gage) 225 psig W.O.G. (Water, Oil, Gas) at
93 degrees C 200 degrees F (non-shock service). For working pressures
not exceeding 862 kPa (gage) 125 psig saturated steam or 1379 kPa (gage)
200 psig water at 93 degrees C 200 degrees F non shock service, Class
125 may be used in lieu of Class 150 or Class 250.
(1) Valve Sizes 50 mm 2 Inches and Smaller:
(a) Non Throttling Valves: Gate valves, bronze, wedge disc,
rising stem, Class 150, MSS SP-80 or ball valves, bronze, double
stem seals, stainless steel ball and shaft, tight shutoff.
(b) Globe Valves and Angle Valves:
Bronze, Class 150, MSS SP-80.
(c) Check Valves: Bronze, Type [IV, swing check] [III, lift
check], Class 150, MSS SP-80.
(2) Valve sizes 65 mm 2 1/2 inches and larger.
(a) Gate Valves: Flanged, cast iron, Class 250, MSS SP-70 or
steel, Class 150, ASME B16.34. Valves shall have wedge disc,
outside screw and yoke (OS&Y), rising stem; valves 200 mm 8 inches
and larger shall have globe valved bypass.
(b) Globe Valves and Angle Valves: Flanged, cast iron, Class 250,
MSS SP-85 or steel, Class 150, ASME B16.34.
(c) Check Valves: Flanged, cast iron, Class 250 or steel, Class
150, Type [_____], [lift] [swing] check, style [_____], ASME B16.34.
b.
Valves for maximum working pressure of 1724 kPa (gage) 250 psig steam
at a maximum temperature of 232 degrees C 450 degrees F or 3447 kPa
(gage) 500 psig W.O.G. at 93 degrees C 200 degrees F (non-shock).
(1) Valve sizes 65 mm 2 1/2 inches and larger.
(a) Gate Valves: Flanged or butt welded, cast iron, Class 250,
MSS SP-70 (Maximum size 300 mm 12 inches) or steel, Class 300,
ASME B16.34. Valves shall have wedge disc, OS&Y, rising stem;
each valve 200 mm 8 inches and larger shall have globe valved
bypass.
(b) Gate Valves, Globe Valves and Angle Valves: Flanged or butt
welded, cast iron, Class 250, MSS SP-85 or steel, Class 300,
ASME B16.34.
(c) Check Valves: Flanged or butt welded, iron body, Class 250 or
steel, Class 300, Type [_____] [lift] [swing] check, style
[_____], ASME B16.34.
c.
Valves for maximum working pressure of 2068 kPa (gage) 300 psig steam
at a maximum temperature of 454 degrees C 850 degrees F or a maximum
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 142
W.O.G. pressure of 4653 kPa (gage) at 149 degrees C 675 psig at 300
degrees F (non shock).
(1) Valve sizes 65 mm 2 1/2 inches and larger:
(a) Gate Valves, Globe Valves, and Angle Valves: Flanged or butt
welded, ASME B16.34, steel, Class 300, rising stem, OS&Y. Gate
valves 200 mm 8 inches and larger shall have globe valved bypass.
(b) Check Valves: Flanged or butt welded, steel, Class 300, Type
[_____], [lift] [swing] check, style [_____], ASME B16.34.
d.
Ball Valves: ASME B16.5 and API
bubble tight shutoff. Seats and
shaft shall be stainless steel.
cycling valve in wrong direction
Std 607 double stem seal type for
seals shall be TFE material. Ball and
Provide mechanical stops to prevent
and self-aligning stem seal.
e.
Valve Accessories: Valve operating mechanisms include chain wheels,
gear operators, floor stands, electric motors, air motors and
cylinder-type actuating devices. Provide accessories as follows and as
indicated.
(1) Power Operators: [Electric] [Pneumatic]. Power operated valves
shall open and close at rates no slower than 254 mm 10 inches per
minute for gate valves and 100 mm 4 inches per minute for globe
and angle valves. Valves shall open fully or close tightly
without requiring further attention when actuating control is
moved to the open or closed position. A predetermined thrust
exerted on the stem during operation resulting from an obstruction
in the valve shall cause motor to automatically stop. Power
operators shall be complete with gearing and controls necessary
for size of valve being provided. Power operators shall be
designed to operate on the [electric] [compressed air] power
supply indicated. Provide power operators with remote position
indicators on the following valves: soot blowers, [_____], [_____].
(2) Floor Stands and Extension Stems: Floor stands shall be cast iron
or steel, constructed for bolting to floor and shall include an
extension stem, an operating handwheel and a position indicator
for non-rising stems. Floor stand shall be not less than 762 mm
30 inches high. Handwheel shall identify rotation direction for
closing valve and shall be of such diameter as to permit operation
of valve with a force of not more than 18 kg 40 pounds. Extension
stems shall be corrosion resisting steel designed for rising and
non-rising stems, as applicable, and for connection to valve stem
by a sleeve coupling or universal joint. Provide in length
required to connect valve stem and [handwheel] [operating
mechanism] and of sufficient cross section to transfer torque
required to operate valve. Provide floor stands and valve
extensions on floors and platforms for the following valves:
deaerator drain valves, [_____] [_____].
(3) Provide motorized actuators or chain wheels with chain and guides
on valves with handwheel centerline higher than 2 meters 7 feet
above floor or platform except where specified otherwise.
Chainwheel operator shall be fabricated of cast iron or steel and
shall include a wheel, endless chain and a guide to keep the chain
on the wheel. Provide galvanized steel endless chain extending
from valve to within one meter 3 feet of floor or platform.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 143
Provide impact chain wheels on steam headers and other locations
where the valve has a tendency to stick. When a valve is
motorized, provide hand operation for emergency.
(4) Provide gear operators on ball valves larger than 80 mm 3 inches
and on gate valves 200 mm 8 inches and larger.
f.
Steam Pressure Regulating Valves: CID A-A-50558, minimum of Class
[125] [150] [250] [300], except as specified otherwise. [Cast iron],
[cast steel] valve body with valve seats and disc of replaceable heat
treated stainless steel. Valves shall be single seated, shall seat
tight under dead end conditions, and shall go to the closed position in
the event of pressure failure of the operating medium. Valves shall be
spring loaded diaphragm operated type, except valves exposed to ambient
temperature of less than 2 degrees C 35 degrees F or exposed to the
weather shall be piston operated type. Capacity of valves shall be not
less than that indicated. Pilot valves shall have strainer at inlet
from external feeder piping:
(1) Spring Loaded Diaphragm Operated Valves: Fabricate main spring of
stainless steel, and it shall not be in the path of steam flow
through the valve. Control valve by pilot valve through external
feeder piping.
(2) Piston Operated Valves: Control valve by integral pilot valve
through external feeder piping.
g. Safety Relief Valves: ASME BPVC SEC I, with Class [150] [300] inlet
flange, with test lever, designed for the intended service.
2.16.3.5
Bolts and Nuts
a.
Bolts: ASTM A193/A193M, Grade B8. Lengths of bolts shall be such that
not less than two full threads will extend beyond nut with bolts
tightened to the required tensions and washers seated.
b.
Nuts:
2.16.3.6
ASTM A194/A194M, Grade 8.
Gaskets
ASME B31.1 and as specified below, except provide spiral wound metal
covered non-asbestos gaskets in lieu of compressed sheet non-asbestos.
Gaskets shall be as thin as the finish of surfaces will permit. Do not use
paper, vegetable fiber, rubber, or rubber inserted gaskets for temperatures
greater than 121 degrees C 250 degrees F. Provide metal or metal jacketed
non-asbestos gaskets with small male and female and small tongue-and-groove
flanges and flanged fittings; they may be used with steel flanges with
lapped, large male and female, large tongue-and-groove, and raised
facings. Provide fullface gaskets with flat-faced flanges. Raised face
cast iron flanges, lapped steel flanges, and raised faced steel flanges
shall have ring gaskets with an outside diameter extending to inside of
bolt holes. Widths of gaskets for small male and female and for
tongue-and-groove joints shall be equal to widths of male face and tongue.
Gaskets shall have an inside diameter equal to or larger than port opening.
Dimensions for nonmetallic gaskets shall be in accordance with ASME B16.21.
Materials for flanged gaskets shall be as listed below for service
specified:
a.
Steam, Boiler Blowdown, Exhaust Steam:
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Spiral wound metal composition
Page 144
or copper
b.
Boiler Feed Water:
c.
Hot Water, (above 38 degrees C 100 degrees F):
non-asbestos
d.
Cold Water:
e.
Heavy Fuel Oil (No. 6):
or monel
f.
Diesel Fuel (No. 2):
g.
Compressed Air:
2.16.3.7
Metal jacketed non-asbestos, copper or monel
Spiral wound metal
Red rubber or neoprene rubber
Spiral wound metal non-asbestos, soft steel,
ASME B16.21 metallic
Spiral wound metal non-asbestos
Expansion Joints
a.
Slip Tube Expansion Joints: ASTM F1007, single or double slip tube as
indicated, designed for [1034] [2068] kPa (gage) [150] [300] psig
saturated steam working pressure. Expansion joints shall be of the
type which permits injection of semi plastic type packing while joint
is in service under full line pressure. Slip tube shall be of chromium
plated, wrought steel construction, guided by internal and external
guides integral with joint body. Fit slip tube ends with forged steel
pipe flanges or bevel for welding into pipe line where indicated.
Deliver joints complete with packing and ready for installation.
b.
Ball Expansion Joints: Capable of 360 degrees rotation plus 15 degrees
angular flex movement. Ball joints shall have steel bodies and
polished steel balls. Provide end connections to suit class of piping
hereinbefore specified. Seals shall be of pressure molded composition
designed for the working pressure. Design joints for [1034] [2068] kPa
(gage) [150] [300] psig saturated steam working pressure. Cold set
joints as necessary to compensate for temperature at time of
installation. Do not use ball joints on superheated steam or on joints
subject to frequent flexure. Ball joints shall be installed in strict
accordance with recommendations of the manufacturer.
c.
Bellows Expansion Joints: ASTM F1120 flexible guided type with
stainless steel expansion element, internal sleeves and external
covers. Joints shall be designed for a working pressure of [_____] kPa
(gage) psig and a temperature of [_____] degrees C F.
2.16.3.8
Pipe Hangers and Supports
MSS SP-58 and MSS SP-69, Type [_____] or Type [_____] of the adjustable
type, except as specified or indicated otherwise. Suspended steam and
condensate piping shall have pipe hangers Type [_____] with insulation
protection saddles Type [_____]. Provide insulated piping, except steam
and condensate piping, with insulation protection shields Type 40. Provide
bronze or copper plated collars on uninsulated copper piping. Support rods
shall be steel. Rods, hangers and supports shall be zinc plated, except
for uninsulated copper piping which shall be copper plated; cast iron
rollers, bases and saddles may be painted with two coats of heat resisting
aluminum paint in lieu of zinc plating. Axles for cast iron rollers shall
be stainless steel. Size hanger rods with a 150 percent safety factor for
a seismic design.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 145
2.16.3.9
Instrumentation
a.
Pressure and Vacuum Gages:
ASME B40.100.
b.
Indicating Thermometers: Liquid-in-glass or MIL-T-19646 dial type.
Thermometer shall include a separable immersion well.
2.16.3.10
Conform to applicable requirements of
Miscellaneous Pipeline Components
a.
Cold and Hot Water Meters: CID A-A-59224 for maximum flow of [_____]
L/s at 38 degrees C gpm at 100 degrees F and reduced flow of up to
[_____] L/s at 121 degrees C gpm at 250 degrees F.
b.
Air Traps: Float controlled valves arranged to close properly when
water enters traps. Air traps shall conform to requirements for float
operated steam traps (non-thermostatic), CID A-A-60001, except that
valve mechanism shall be inverted so as to be closed, not opened, by
rising water.
c.
Steam Traps: CID A-A-60001. Inverted bucket high pressure steam traps
designed for use at [_____] kPa (gage) psig at [_____] degrees C F.
Low pressure steam traps shall be float and thermostatic type for
pressures up to 103 kPa (gage) 15 psig. Provide traps with separate
strainers unless specified otherwise.
d.
Strainers: FS WW-S-2739, Style Y for Class [125] [250] with blow off
outlet. Construct strainers for Class 300 of cast carbon steel in
accordance with ASME B16.5 for minimum of 2068 kPa (gage) 300 psig
saturated steam pressure. Provide blow off outlet with pipe nipple and
gate valve.
2.16.3.11
Backflow Preventers
Reduced pressure principle type conforming to applicable requirements of [
AWWA C510 and AWWA C511] [Section 22 00 00 PLUMBING, GENERAL PURPOSE].
2.16.3.12
Insulation
Materials and application shall be as specified in Section 23 07 00 THERMAL
INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.
2.16.3.13
Pipe Sleeves
a.
Floor Slabs, Roof Slabs, and Outside Walls Above and Below Grade:
Galvanized steel pipe having an inside diameter at least 15 mm 1/2 inch
larger than outside diameter of pipe passing through it. Provide
sufficient sleeve length to extend completely through floors, roofs,
and walls, so that sleeve ends are flush with finished surfaces except
that ends of sleeves for floor slabs shall extend 13 mm 1/2 inch above
finished floor surface. Sleeves located in waterproofed construction
shall include flange and clamping ring.
b.
Partitions: Galvanized sheet steel, 26 gage or heavier, of sufficient
length to completely extend through partition thickness with sleeve
ends flush with partition finished surface.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 146
2.16.3.14
Piping Identification
Conform to MIL-STD-101 and place in clearly visible locations; except paint
piping in the boiler room the primary color of the color code. Provide
labels and tapes conforming to ASME A13.1 in lieu of band painting or
stenciling. Labels shall be outdoor grade acrylic plastic. Markings on
labels shall indicate direction of flow, flowing media, and media design
pressure and temperature. Spacing of identification marking shall not
exceed 3 meters 10 feet. Provide two copies of complete color and stencil
codes used. Frame codes under glass and install where directed.
2.17
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
Provide fuel oil room with a wet sprinkler system as specified in Section
21 13 13.00 20 WET PIPE SPRINKLER SYSTEM, FIRE PROTECTION.
2.18
MARKING
Identify equipment, valves, switches, motor controllers, and controls or
indicating elements by printed, stamped or manufactured identification
plates or tags of rigid plastic or non-ferrous material. Lettering for
identification plates or tags shall be not less than 5 mm 3/16 inch high.
Nomenclature and identification symbols used on the identification plates
or tags shall correspond to those used in maintenance manuals, operating
instructions, and schematic diagrams. Rigidly affix identification plates
or tags to the equipment or devices without impairing functions or, when
this is not possible, attach using a non-ferrous wire or chain. In
addition to identification plate or tag, each major component of equipment
shall have a nameplate listing manufacturer's name, model number, and when
applicable, electrical rating and other information required by pertinent
standards or codes.
2.19
TOOLS AND TESTING EQUIPMENT
Provide special tools and wrenches required for installation, maintenance,
and operation of equipment. Testing equipment to be provided shall include
necessary equipment to perform routine tests:
a.
On lubricating oil for acidity (pH-potentiometer), viscosity (saybolt
test), and dirt (gravimetric).
b.
On softened water for hardness (soap test or colorimetric test), and
boiler blowdown water for pH (colorimetric) and conductivity
(potentiometer).
c.
For water (distillation) and sediment (gravimetric) in fuel oil.
2.20
WELDING MATERIALS
Comply with ASME BPVC SEC II-C. Welding equipment, electrodes, welding
wire, and fluxes shall be capable of producing satisfactory welds when used
by a qualified welder or welding operator using qualified welding
procedures.
2.21
MOTORS AND DRIVES
Alternating current electric motors shall meet requirements of NEMA MG 1.
Motors shall be designed for continuous operation at rated load under usual
service conditions as defined by NEMA. Unless specifically noted
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 147
otherwise, motors less than 3/8 kW 1/2 hp shall be 115 volt, 60 Hz, single
phase, capacitor-start, or permanent split capacitor, with Class B
insulation for 40 degrees C 104 degrees F ambient. Unless specifically
noted otherwise, motors 3/8 kW 1/2 hp and larger shall be 460 volt, 60 Hz,
three phase, Design B, squirrel cage induction with a minimum insulation of
Class F for 40 degrees C 104 degrees F ambient. Size motors to meet power
requirements of driven unit at design conditions, including drive and
coupling losses which are incurred, without loading motor beyond its
nameplate horsepower rating. Minimum service factor for open drip-proof
motors shall be 1.15 and for totally enclosed, fan cooled motors 1.0.
Motor shall be quiet operating. Bearings shall be heavy duty, grease
lubricated, anti-friction, single shielded, regreasable type and shall have
approved lubricating fittings extended to an easily accessible location for
field servicing. Provide sole plates for motors installed on concrete
pads. Motor shall have copper windings.
2.21.1
Motors
Motors used to drive equipment specified under "Coal Handling Equipment"
shall be designed to operate in Class II, Division II, Group F atmosphere.
2.21.2
SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL
2.21.3
Instrument Air Compressor Package
Factory test air compressor package at full load for not less than 2
hours. Check capacity, smoothness of operation, alternation of units, and
proper operation of air unloaders during test.
PART 3
3.1
EXECUTION
INSTALLATION
Install materials and equipment as indicated and in accordance with
manufacturer's recommendations.
3.1.1
Boiler and Equipment Installation
Boiler and equipment installation shall be strictly in accordance with this
specification, and installation instructions of the manufacturers. Grout
equipment mounted on concrete foundations before installing piping.
Install piping in such a manner as not to place a strain on equipment. Do
not bolt flanged joints tight unless they match adequately. Expansion
bends shall be adequately extended before installation. Grade, anchor,
guide and support piping, without low pockets.
3.1.1.1
Boiler and Equipment Foundations
Of sufficient size and weight, and proper design to preclude shifting of
equipment under operating conditions, and under abnormal conditions which
could be imposed upon equipment. Design boiler foundation to accommodate
and support stoker and incorporate stoker ash pits. Limit equipment
vibration to within acceptable limits, and isolate. Foundations shall be
adequate for soil conditions of the site and shall meet requirements of the
equipment manufacturer. Trowel exposed foundation surfaces smooth except
properly roughen surfaces to receive grout.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 148
3.1.1.2
Installing Stoker Ash Pit Firebrick
Lay up in air-setting mortar. Dip each brick in mortar, rub, place into
its final position, and then tap with a wooden mallet until it touches
adjacent bricks. Mortar thick enough to lay with a trowel will not be
permitted. Maximum mortar joint thickness shall not exceed 3 mm 1/8 inch
and average joint thickness shall not exceed 1.60 mm 1/16 inch.
3.1.1.3
Forced and Induced Draft Fans
Set, shim level, anchor and grout each fan assembly into place prior to
setting driver. Properly shim driver on base plate using steel shim
stock. Shims shall be full size of feet and shall have slotted hole for
installation. After drive has been properly aligned and shimmed, by an
approved millwright, millwright shall drill and ream foot and base plate
and install taper pins with nut on top for pullout removal. One front foot
and diagonally opposite rear foot shall be pinned to base plate. Equipment
shall be adequately bolted in place in an approved manner. Level and grout
fan and bearing pedestal sole plates in place.
3.1.1.4
Stack
Install level and plumb. Erected stack shall be no more than 25 mm one inch
out of plumb per 15 meters 50 feet. Remove roughness, marks, and lifting
lugs, from stack and grind surfaces smooth and flush with surrounding
surfaces.
[3.1.1.5
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Below Ground)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
below, HORIZONTAL FUEL OIL TANKS (ABOVE GROUND), or
the following subparagraph VERTICAL FUEL OIL TANK.
**************************************************************************
Provide concrete ballast slabs for tanks and concrete protective ground
level slabs for FPR tanks. Ballast slabs shall be full length and width of
tanks and protective slabs shall extend 610 mm 2 feet beyond tanks.
Concrete work shall be as specified in Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE
CONCRETE.
a.
Install and backfill fiberglass reinforced tanks as recommended by the
manufacturer; backfill adjacent to tanks shall be pea gravel unless
otherwise recommended by the manufacturer. Backfill for steel tanks
shall be sand.
b.
Set steel tanks on a bed of sand not less than 152 mm 6 inches deep
over the concrete slab and strap in place with stainless steel
hold-down straps with stainless steel turnbuckles. Set FRP tanks on a
bed of pea gravel not less than 305 mm 12 inches thick and pre-shape
for tank contours for FRP tanks. Fabricate straps for FRP tanks from
FRP resins reinforced with stainless steel to prevent breaking of
straps and floating of empty tanks.
c.
Slope tank toward sump not less than 25 mm one inch in each 1 1/2 meters
5 feet.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 149
][3.1.1.6
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Above Ground)
Continuously support steel tank saddles along the full length of the base
and level and grout to ensure full bearing.
][3.1.1.7
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank
Provide [sand, crushed stone or fine gravel cushion] [concrete base].
a.
Sand, Crushed Stone or Fine Gravel Cushion: Cover area beneath tank
with a fuel resistant plastic membrane with a thickness of not less than
0.51 mm 20 mils. Carefully fuse or cement plastic membrane seams.
Lay plastic over a thoroughly compacted select subgrade free from rocks
that could puncture the plastic. Over plastic, provide a bed of sand,
crushed stone or fine gravel not less than 152 mm 6 inches thick.
Stabilize bed with an approved material and shape to tank bottom.
Slope bed down to center sump approximately 152 mm 6 inches for each 3
meters 10 feet of tank radius. When in place, tank shell shall be
plumb.
b.
Concrete base shall be as indicated and in accordance with Section
03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE.
c.
Mastic Seal: Place mastic seal between tank and concrete ring to the
cross section indicated. Compact mastic thoroughly. Immediately
before placing mastic, coat tank surfaces to be in contact with
concrete ring with a coat of AASHTO M 118bituminous material.
]3.1.2
Piping
Unless specified otherwise, erection, welding, brazing, testing and
inspection of piping shall be in accordance with ASME B31.1 and Section
40 17 26.00 20 WELDING PRESSURE PIPING. Piping shall follow the general
arrangement shown. Cut piping accurately to measurements established for
the work. Work piping into place without springing or forcing, except
where cold-springing is specified. Piping and equipment within buildings
shall be entirely out of the way of lighting fixtures and doors, windows,
and other openings. Locate overhead piping in buildings in the most
inconspicuous positions. Do not bury or conceal piping until piping has
been inspected, tested, and approved. Where pipe passes through building
structure, conceal pipe joints but locate where they may be readily
inspected and building structure not be weakened. Avoid interference with
other piping, conduit, or equipment. Except where specifically shown
otherwise, run vertical piping plumb and straight and parallel to walls.
Install piping connected to equipment to provide flexibility for
vibration. Support and anchor piping so that strain from weight of piping
is not imposed on equipment.
3.1.2.1
Fittings
Provide long radius ells on welded piping to reduce pressure drops.
Mitering of pipe to form elbows, notching straight runs to form full sized
tees, or similar construction shall not be used. Make branch connections
with welding tees, except factory made forged welding branch outlets or
nozzles having integral reinforcements conforming to ASME B31.1 may be
provided.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 150
3.1.2.2
Grading of Pipe Lines
Unless indicated otherwise, install horizontal lines of steam and return
piping to grade down in the direction of flow with a pitch of not less than
25 mm in 9 meters one inch in 30 feet, except in loop mains and main
headers where flow may be either direction. Pitch air lines to source of
supply, and make provisions for draining off condensate. Install water
lines to drain to a shutoff valve.
3.1.2.3
Anchoring, Guiding, and Supporting Piping
Anchor and support piping in a manner such that expansion and contraction
will take place in the direction desired, prevent vibration by use of
vibration dampeners, and prevent undue strains on boilers and equipment
served. Fabricate hangers used for the support of piping of 50 mm 2 inch
nominal pipe size and larger to permit adequate adjustment after erection
while still supporting the load. Provide wall brackets where pipes are
adjacent to walls or other vertical surfaces which may be used for
supports. Provide supports to adequately carry weight of the lines and
maintain proper alignment. Provide inserts and sleeves for supports in
concrete where necessary and place in new construction before pouring
concrete. Provide insulated piping with a pipe covering protection saddle
at each support. Provide pipe guides and anchors of approved type at
points where necessary to keep pipes in accurate alignment, to direct
expansion movement, and to prevent buckling and swaying and undue strain.
Provide pipe guides for alignment of pipe connected to free unanchored end
of each expansion joint. Support pipe rollers in concrete conduits and
trenches by extra strong steel pipe with ends inserted in slots provided in
concrete walls. Set pipe supports for rollers at correct elevations either
by metal shims or by cutting away of concrete and after pipe lines have
been placed in alignment, grout ends of pipe supports and fix in place.
Space pipe supports to provide adequate support for pipes. Pipe shall not
have pockets formed in the span due to sagging of pipe between supports,
caused by weight of pipe, medium in the pipe, insulation, valves, and
fittings. Maximum spacing for pipe supports for steel pipe shall be in
accordance with ASME B31.1; maximum spacing for supports for copper tubing
shall be in accordance with MSS SP-69.
3.1.2.4
Copper Tubing
Copper tubing shall have solder joints with solder suitable for
pressure-temperature ratings of piping system. Tubing 20 mm 3/4 inch and
smaller for instrument air may be compression joint in lieu of soldered
joint. Tin-antimony (95/5) solder is suitable for saturated steam up to
103 kPa (gage) 15 psig but tin lead (50/50) solder is not acceptable for
steam service. Flux shall be non corrosive. Wipe excess solder from the
joints.
3.1.2.5
Sleeves
Provide pipe sleeves where pipes and tubing pass through masonry and
concrete walls, floors, and partitions. Space between pipe, tubing, or
insulation and the sleeve shall be not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch. Hold
sleeves securely in proper position and location before and during
construction. Sleeves shall be of sufficient length to pass through entire
thickness of walls, partitions, and slabs. Sleeves in floor slabs shall
extend 13 mm 1/2 inch above the finished floor. Firmly pack space between
pipe or tubing and the sleeve with oakum and caulk on both ends of sleeve
with elastic cement.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 151
3.1.2.6
Flashing for Buildings
Where pipes pass through building roofs and outside walls, provide proper
flashing and counter flashing and make tight and waterproof.
3.1.2.7
Outlets for Future Connections
Locate as directed capped or plugged outlets for connections to future
equipment, when not located exactly by project drawings.
3.1.2.8
Screwed Joints in Piping
Use teflon tape or suitable pipe joint compound applied to male threads
only for making up screwed joints. Piping shall be free from fins and
burrs. Ream or file out pipe ends to size of bore, and remove chips.
3.1.2.9
Welded Joints
Weld joints in piping by the metal-arc or gas welding processes in
accordance with ASME B31.1 and as specified in Section 40 17 26.00 20
WELDING PRESSURE PIPING. Number or mark each weld to identify the work of
each welder on welds on which stress relieving or radiographic inspection
is required.
a.
Contracting Officer reserves the right to require the Contractor to
provide re-examination and recertification of welders.
b.
Radiographic testing of circumferential butt welded joints of pipe with
operating temperature of 177 degrees C 350 degrees F and above shall be
required on ten percent of the joints, the location of which will be
determined by the Contracting Officer; when more than ten percent of
the radiographically tested joints show unacceptable defects
radiographically test every joint of this type piping.
c.
Equipment and Protection: Items of equipment for welding shall be so
designed and manufactured, and shall be in such condition as to enable
qualified operators to follow procedures and to attain results
specified. Protect welders and gas cutters from the light of the arc
and flame by approved goggles, shields, helmets, and gloves. Replace
cover glasses in helmets and shields when they become sufficiently
marred to impair the operator's vision. Take care to avoid risk of
explosion and fire when welding and gas cutting near explosive or
flammable materials. Ventilate welding and gas cutting operations in
accordance with paragraph 1910.252 (f) of 29 CFR 1910-SUBPART Q.
d.
Surface Conditions: Do not weld when atmospheric temperature is less
than minus 18 degrees C zero degrees F, when surfaces are wet, when
rain or snow is falling or moisture is condensing on surfaces to be
welded, nor during periods of high wind, unless welder and work are
protected properly. At temperatures between 0 degrees C and minus 18
degrees C 32 degrees F and zero degrees F, heat with a torch the
surface for an area within 80 mm 3 inches of the joint to be welded to
a temperature warm to the hand before welding. Free surfaces to be
welded from loose scale, slag, rust, paint, oil, and other foreign
material. Joint surfaces shall be smooth, uniform and free from fins,
tears, and other defects which might affect proper welding. Remove
slag from flame-cut edges to be welded by grinding, but temper color
need not be removed. Thoroughly clean each layer of weld metal by wire
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 152
brushing prior to inspection or deposition of additional weld metal.
3.1.2.10
Cleaning of Piping
Before installing pipe, thoroughly clean pipe of sand, mill scale and other
foreign material. After erection but before making final connections to
apparatus, thoroughly clean interior of piping. Flush piping with water
except air and fuel lines. In addition, blow out steam lines with
intermittent high pressure steam blows to promote shedding of internal
scale. Blow compressed air and fuel oil lines clean with 552 to 690 kPa
(gage) 80 to 100 psig air dried to a 2 degrees C 35 degree Fdew point at
552 kPa (gage) 80 psig. Sterilize potable water piping by means of liquid
chlorine or hypochlorite in accordance with AWWA C651 before placing water
system in service. Take care during fabrication and installation, to keep
piping, valves, fittings and specialties free of loose welding metal chips
of metal or slag, welding rods and foreign matter. Blowing or flushing
shall in no case be channeled through equipment, pump, control valve,
regulating valve, instrument gage or specialty in the system. Provide
temporary screens, strainers, connections, spool pieces and bypasses
consisting of piping or hoses, pumps and other required equipment
temporarily installed for the purpose of cleaning and flushing piping.
Drain flushing water and test water to the sanitary sewer system.
3.1.2.11
Reduction in Pipe Size
Provide reducing fittings for changes in pipe size; bushings will not be
permitted. In horizontal steam lines, reducing fittings shall be the
eccentric type to maintain bottom of lines in the same plane. In
horizontal water mains, reducers shall be set to maintain top of lines in
the same plane.
3.1.2.12
Expansion Control
Provide bends, loops, and offsets wherever practical to relieve
overstressed piping systems due to thermal expansion and to provide
adequate flexibility. Cold spring piping system as indicated but not more
than 50 percent of the total linear expansion.
3.1.2.13
Connection to Equipment
Provide unions or flanges where necessary to permit easy disconnection of
piping and apparatus. Provide unions and gate valves at each connection to
threaded end control valves, strainers and equipment.
3.1.2.14
Valve Installation
Install valves in positions accessible for operation and repair. Install
stems in a vertical position with handwheels or operators on top or in a
horizontal position. Do not install handwheels on stop valves below the
valve. When centerline of valve is more than 2 meters 7 feet above floor
or platform, provide valve with a chain-operated handwheel. When valve is
motorized, provide hand operation for emergency use.
a.
Gate Valves: Arrange back outlet gate valves for turbine exhaust for
hand operation and provide with a floor stand.
b.
Globe Valves: Pressure shall be below the disc. Install globe valves
with stems horizontal on steam and exhaust lines, when better drainage
is required or desired.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 153
c.
Steam Pressure-Reducing Valves: Provide steam line entering each
pressure-reducing valve with a strainer. Provide each
pressure-reducing valve unit with two shutoff valves and with a globe
or angle bypass valve and bypass pipe. A bypass around a reducing
valve shall be of reduced size to restrict its capacity to
approximately that of the reducing valve. Provide each
pressure-reducing valve unit with indicating steam gages to show
reduced pressure and upstream pressure and an adequately sized safety
valve on low pressure side.
d.
Valve Tags and Charts: Permanently tag each valve with a black and
white engraved laminated plastic tag showing valve number, valve
function and piping system and whether another valve must be opened or
closed in conjunction with this valve. Furnish a typed chart which
will show required valve tagging plus the location of each valve.
Frame valve charts under glass and install as directed.
3.1.2.15
Traps and Connections
Traps shall be of the type and capacity for the service required, and shall
be properly supported and connected. Except for thermostatic traps in pipe
coils, radiators, and convectors, install traps with a dirt pocket and
strainer between trap and piping or apparatus it drains. When it is
necessary to maintain in continuous service, apparatus or piping which is
to be drained, provide a three valve bypass so that trap may be removed and
repaired and condensate drained through the throttled bypass valve.
Provide a check valve on the discharge side of the trap when trap is
installed for lift or operating against a back pressure, or trap discharges
into a common return line. Provide test connections on the discharge side
of the high and medium pressure traps when specifically required. Test
connection shall include a 1/2-inch globe valve with open blow.
3.1.2.16
Pressure Gage Installation
Provide with a shutoff valve or petcock between the gage and the line, and
provide gage on steam lines with a siphon installed ahead of the gage.
3.1.2.17
Thermometers and Thermal Sensing Element of Control Valves
Provide with a separable socket. Install separable sockets in pipe lines
in such a manner to sense the temperature of the flowing fluid and minimize
obstruction to flow.
3.1.2.18
Strainer Locations
Provide strainers with meshes suitable for the services upstream of each
control valve and where dirt might interfere with the proper operation of
valve parts, orifices, or moving parts of equipment.
3.1.2.19
Dissimilar Piping Materials
Provide dielectric unions or flanges between ferrous and nonferrous piping,
equipment, and fittings, except that bronze valves and fittings may be used
without dielectric couplings for ferrous-to-ferrous or
nonferrous-to-nonferrous connections. Dielectric fittings shall utilize a
nonmetallic filler which will prevent current flow from exceeding one
percent of the short circuit current. Spacer shall be suitable for
pressure and temperature of the service. Fittings shall otherwise be as
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 154
specified in this section.
3.1.2.20
Surface Treating, and Pipe Wrapping
Uninsulated steel piping buried in the ground shall have exterior surfaces
protected with a tape wrapping system or a continuously extruded
polyethylene coating system as specified in Section 09 97 13.28 PROTECTION
OF BURIED STEEL PIPING AND STEEL BULKHEAD TIE RODS.
3.1.3
3.1.3.1
PAINTING
Piping, Fittings, and Mechanical and Electrical Equipment
Equipment shall be factory finished to withstand the intended end use
environment in accordance with the specifications for particular end item.
Retouch damaged areas on factory finished equipment on which finish has
been damaged and then give a complete finish coat to restore finish to
original condition. Finish coat shall be suitable for exposure in the
intended end use environment.
3.1.3.2
Painting
Unless specified otherwise, paint pipe hangers, structural supports, pipe
and pipe fittings, conduit and conduit fittings, air grilles, pipe
coverings, insulation, and metal surfaces associated with mechanical and
electrical equipment including zinc-coated steel ducts as specified in
Section 09 90 00 PAINTS AND COATINGS. Zinc-coated steel duct in unpainted
areas shall not be painted. Apply a protective coating to piping to be
insulated, except zinc-coated and copper pipe, prior to installing
insulation.
3.1.3.3
Boilers
After erecting and testing boilers, clean as necessary exposed surfaces of
the boiler normally painted in commercial practice to remove grease, coal
dust, flyash and other foreign matter and finish with one coat of aluminum
heat resisting paint applied to minimum dry film thickness of 0.025 mm one
mil.
3.1.3.4
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank
Clean interior surfaces to bare metal in accordance with
SSPC SP 10/NACE No. 2. Clean to bare metal by powered wire brushing or
other mechanical means surfaces that cannot be cleaned satisfactorily by
blasting. Wash members which become contaminated with rust, dirt, oil,
grease, or other contaminants with solvents until thoroughly clean. Remove
weld backing plates prior to blast cleaning; when left in place, round off
corners prior to blast cleaning and coating. Tanks shall be internally
coated in accordance with Section 09 97 13.15 LOW VOC POLYSULFIDE INTERIOR
COATING OF WELDED STEEL PETROLEUM FUEL TANKS.
3.1.3.5
Surfaces Not to be Painted
Unless specified otherwise, do not paint equipment having factory applied
permanent finish, switchplates and nameplates, motor starters, and concrete
foundations.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 155
3.1.4
INSULATION
Insulate mechanical equipment, systems and piping as specified in Section
23 07 00 THERMAL INSULATION FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.
3.2
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
Provide labor, equipment, test apparatus and materials required for
preparation and performance of tests and inspections specified to
demonstrate that boilers and auxiliary equipment as installed are in
compliance with contract requirements. During start up and during tests,
ensure that factory trained engineers or technicians employed by the boiler
manufacturer and system suppliers or manufacturers of such components as
the boiler, burner, forced draft fan, feedwater treatment equipment, and
other auxiliary equipment be present, to ensure the proper functioning,
adjustment, and testing of the individual components and systems. Furnish
a detailed written record of test conditions, test procedures, field data,
and start up and operational performance of the entire heating plant to the
Contracting Officer before the Contractor's operational and test personnel
leave the site. The Government will furnish, if available, water,
electricity and fuel for the tests, except fuel required for retesting.
The Contractor shall rectify defects disclosed by tests and retest
equipment. The Contractor's boiler plant personnel shall be experienced in
starting up and operating boiler plants.
3.2.1
Tests and Inspections (Piping)
Examine, inspect, and test piping in accordance with ASME B31.1except as
modified below. Rectify defects disclosed by tests. Necessary subsequent
tests required to prove system tight after additional work by the
Contractor shall be provided by the Contractor. Make tests under the
direction of and subject to the prior approval of the Contracting Officer.
3.2.1.1
Hydrostatic and Leak Tightness Tests
a.
Perform hydrostatic and leak tightness test on piping systems attached
to the boilers and included under jurisdiction of ASME BPVC SEC I in
accordance with requirements of that Code. Piping bearing ASME Code
symbol stamp will be accepted only as indicating compliance with the
design and material requirements of the code.
b.
Test piping which is a part of the steam generation or auxiliary
systems, including piping within the boiler room and external to the
boiler room, by the following methods:
(1) Perform hydrostatic test at 150 percent of design pressure for
welded and screwed steel piping systems except those for air, oil,
and gas. Hold hydrostatic tests for a period of one hour with no
pressure loss. Temperature of testing fluid shall not exceed 38
degrees C 100 degrees F.
(2) Test air and oil lines in accordance with requirements of
ASME B31.1 for pneumatic tests with exception that the test
pressure shall be held for one hour. Examination for leaks shall
be by a soap or other foaming agent test.
(3) Inspection and test of gas piping shall conform to the
requirements of NFPA 54.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 156
c.
3.2.2
For tests install a calibrated test pressure gage in the system to
observe loss in pressure.
Preliminary Operation
The Contractor under the direction of the respective manufacturer's
representative shall place in operation equipment provided by the
Contractor except as specifically noted otherwise. Make adjustments to
equipment that are necessary to ensure proper operation as instructed by
the equipment manufacturer.
a.
Lubricate equipment prior to operation in accordance with
manufacturer's instructions. Provide lubricants. Furnish lubrication
gun with spare cartridges of lubricant to operating personnel.
b.
Dry out motors before operation as required to develop and maintain
proper and constant insulation resistance.
c.
Check drive equipment couplings for proper alignment at both ambient
and operating temperature conditions.
3.2.3
General Start-Up Requirements
Prior to initial operation of complete system, check each component as
follows:
a.
Inspect bearings for cleanliness and alignment and remove foreign
materials found. Lubricate as necessary and in accordance with
manufacturer's recommendations. Replace bearings that run roughly or
noisily.
b.
Adjust direct drives for proper alignment of flexible couplings.
Provide lubrication when a particular coupling so requires. Check
security of couplings to driver shafts. Set drive components to ensure
free rotation with no undesirable stresses present on the coupling of
attached equipment.
c.
Check motors for amperage comparison to nameplate value. Correct
conditions that produce excessive current flow and that exist due to
equipment malfunction.
d.
Check speeds of each motor and driven apparatus to ensure that motors
are operating at the desired point.
e.
Check actual suction and discharge pressure of each pump against
desired performance curves.
f.
Check pump packing glands or seals for cleanliness and adjustment
before running each pump. Inspect shaft sleeves for scoring and proper
placement of packing; replace when necessary. Ensure piping system is
free of dirt and scale before circulating liquid through pumps.
g.
Inspect both hand and automatic control valves. Clean bonnets and
stems, tighten glands to ensure no leakage, but permit valve stems to
operate without galling. Replace packing in valves that require same
to retain maximum adjustment after system is judged complete. Replace
entire packing in valves that continue to leak after adjustment.
Remove and repair bonnets that leak. Coat packing gland threads and
valve stems with a suitable surface preparation after cleaning.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 157
h.
Inspect and make certain that control valve seats are free from foreign
matter and are properly positioned for intended service.
i.
Check flanges and packing glands after system has been placed in
operation. Replace gaskets in flanges that show signs of leakage after
tightening.
j.
Inspect screwed joints for leakage and remake each joint that appears
to be faulty. Do not wait for rust to form. Clean threads on both
parts, apply compound and remake joint.
k.
Thoroughly blow out strainers through individual valved blow-off
connection on each strainer prior to placing in operation.
l.
Thoroughly blow out or dismantle and clean strainers after systems have
been in operation one week. Thoroughly clean, repair, and place back
in service traps or other specialties in which foreign matter has
accumulated, causing malfunction or damage.
m.
Adjust pipe hangers and supports for correct pitch and alignment.
n.
Remove rust, scale and foreign materials from equipment and renew
defaced surfaces. When equipment is badly marred, the Contracting
Officer shall have authority to request new materials be provided.
o.
Adjust and calibrate temperature, pressure and other automatic control
systems.
p.
Inspect each pressure gage and thermometer for calibration, and replace
those that are defaced, broken or read incorrectly.
[q. Vertical Fuel Oil Tank Calibration: After completing installation of
tank, prepare a calibration table for the tank showing fuel volume in
liters gallons in the tank to any height of liquid in meters and mm
feet, inches, and eighths of an inch when measured by a steel tape
lowered through the roof. Calibrate tank in accordance with[
API MPMS 2.2A][ API MPMS 2.2B] for "critical measurement" "operating
control." Perform calibration of tank by a qualified organization that
can certify to at least 2 years of prior successful and accurate
experience in calibrating tanks of comparable type and size. Correct
data obtained for use with product to be stored.]
3.2.4
3.2.4.1
Plant Equipment Tests
Plant Air Compressors
Test plant air compressors in service to determine compliance with contract
requirements and warranty. During tests, test equipment under every
condition of operation. Test safety controls to demonstrate performance of
their required function. Completely test system for compliance with
specifications.
3.2.4.2
Instrument Air Compressors
Test air compressor package at full load for not less than 2 hours. Check
capacity, smoothness of operation, alternation of units, and proper
operation of the air unloaders during the test.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 158
3.2.4.3
Coal Handling System
Test coal handling system under operating conditions and demonstrate that
work is in conformance with the specified requirements. Conduct this test
in the presence of the Contracting Officer.
3.2.4.4
Ash Handling System
Test ash handling system under operating conditions and demonstrate that
work is in conformance with specified requirements. Conduct test in the
presence of the Contracting Officer.
[3.2.4.5
Horizontal Fuel Oil Tanks (Below Ground)
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
below, VERTICAL FUEL OIL TANK.
**************************************************************************
a.
Test tanks before placing in service, in accordance with applicable
paragraphs of the code under which tanks were built.An UL label, ASME
Code Stamp, or API monogram on a tank shall be evidence of compliance
with code requirements.
b.
Holiday Detection Test: Inspect coal tar epoxy coating system for film
imperfections using a low voltage (75 volt) holiday tester. Inspect
FRP coated tanks with a 10,000 volt spark test for imperfections or
holidays. Repair holidays or pinholes in the coatings.
][3.2.4.6
Vertical Fuel Oil Tank
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose this subparagraph or the subparagraph
above, HORIZONTAL FUEL OIL TANKS (BELOW GROUND).
**************************************************************************
Inspect and test vertical fuel oil tank as specified in API Std 650. Use
the radiographic method of inspection of butt welds as required by
API Std 650; sectioning method will not be acceptable as an alternative to
radiographic inspection.
]3.2.4.7
Blowdown Valves and Try Cocks
Test blowdown valves and try cocks for proper operation.
3.2.4.8
Draft Fans, Fuel Oil Heaters, Fuel Pumps, and Electric Motors
Test draft fans, fuel oil heaters, fuel pumps, and electric motors to
determine compliance with the referenced standards. Standard symbols and
certifications from the referenced organization may be accepted at the
discretion of the Contracting Officer. Closely observe the operation of
fans, fuel oil heaters, fuel pumps, and electric motors [including variable
speed motor controllers] and correct defects.
3.2.5
Boilers and Auxiliaries Tests and Inspections
The Contractor, with qualified personnel provided by the Contractor, shall
make tests and inspections at the site under the direction of and subject
to the approval of the Contracting Officer. The Contractor's boiler plant
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 159
personnel under the direction of the respective manufacturer's
representatives and consultants, shall operate each boiler and
appurtenances through the entire testing period and shall ensure that
necessary adjustments have been made. Notify the Contracting Officer in
writing at least 7 days in advance that equipment is ready for testing.
The Contractor shall provide testing equipment, including gages,
thermometers, calorimeter, Orsat apparatus, thermocouple pyrometers, fuel
flow meters, water meters and other test apparatus and calibrate
instruments prior to testing. Draft, fuel pressure and steam flow may be
measured by permanent gages and meters installed under the contract. The
Contractor is responsible for providing an analysis of the fuel being used
for the tests. Control of noise levels developed by exhaust steam shall be
as directed by the Contracting Officer to satisfy environmental conditions
of the surrounding area. Perform the following tests and, when feasible,
in the sequence listed:
a.
Strength and tightness tests
b.
Standards compliance tests
c.
Preliminary operational tests (steady state combustion test and
variable load combustion test)
d.
Tests of auxiliary equipment
e.
Feedwater equipment test
f.
Capacity and efficiency tests
3.2.5.1
Strength and Leak Tightness Tests
Subject the boiler[s] to the following strength and tightness tests:
a.
Watersides Including Fittings and Accessories: Hydrostatically test
watersides in accordance with requirements of ASME BPVC SEC I. The
ASME label will be accepted as evidence of this test.
b.
Boiler Casing, Breeching and Ductwork: Prior to installing breeching
and ductwork, boiler[s] [on the furnace side] shall be pneumatically
tested, at the maximum possible draft pressure of the boiler furnace;
the soap bubble method [and] [or] a smoke test shall be used to verify
tightness of the casing. Boiler casing, breeching and ductwork shall
be pressurized with the forced draft fan to the maximum draft pressure;
the smoke test shall be used to verify tightness of the casing,
breeching and ductwork. Leaks observed or detected shall be sealed.
3.2.5.2
Boiler Inspection
Ensure that the Boiler Inspector is present to witness the appropriate
tests which need to be observed in order to certify the safety of the
boiler. The inspection shall include requirements of NAVFAC MO 324. The
Boiler Inspector shall complete NAVFAC form 9-11014/40, Data Record Sheet;
NAVFAC form 9-11014/41, Inspection Report; NAVFAC form 9-11014/32
Inspection Certificate for each boiler after boiler has been inspected and
found to be safe. No boiler may be fired until it has passed the
inspection of the Boiler Inspector. The boiler inspection forms shall be
submitted through the Contractor to the Contracting Officer. Place the
Inspection Certificate under framed glass, and mounted on or near the
boiler in a conspicuous location.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 160
3.2.5.3
Boiler Cleaning and Startup
Dry out, boil out, and operate the firing rate of the new boiler[s] under
direct responsibility and supervision of the manufacturer, [and in the
presence of the boiler room operating personnel]. Provide chemicals that
are required. Allow sufficient time for the boiling out process to ensure
interior surfaces are clean. This time shall be at least 24 continuous
hours and generally not more than 36 hours; boil out shall continue until
water is clear. Boil out, cleaning and starting procedures shall be in
accordance with requirements of ASME BPVC SEC VII and FM DS 12-17.
3.2.5.4
Boiler Preliminary Operational Tests
Conduct a boiler operational test on each unit continuously for two weeks.
Operate one boiler at a time to demonstrate control and operational
conformance to requirements of the specifications including ability to
respond to load swings from the specified capacity to minimum turndown.
Operational test shall be under the supervision of a registered
professional engineer or a licensed power plant operator and shall serve to
prove safeties, controls, maintenance of stable combustion at low loads,
[proper coal distribution and combustion, and ability to operate without
furnace slagging,] [proper flame lengths and patterns to avoid flame
impingement on the tubes for oil firing,] and proper mechanical and
electrical functioning of each system. Test shall include items specified
in this section as well as items mentioned in the specification of the
particular pieces of equipment. Conduct tests with factory trained
combustion equipment engineers as previously specified. Test and record
steam quality, steam flowrates, flue gas temperature, percentages of carbon
dioxide, carbon monoxide, oxygen and nitrogen in flue gas and percent
excess air for each boiler at tested load and graphically present the test
data.
3.2.5.5
General Operational Tests
a.
Steady State Combustion Tests: Test fuel burning and combustion
control equipment with each of the specific fuels at the minimum limit
of the turndown range and at increments of 50, 75 and 100 percent of
full rated load. Each test run shall be at least two hours on each
fuel and until stack temperatures are constant and capacity and
efficiency requirements of this specification have been verified and
recorded. Verify proper operation of instrumentation and gages during
the tests.
b.
Varying Load Combustion Tests: Test boiler continuously under varying
load conditions to demonstrate proper operability of the combustion
control, flame safeguard control, programming control and safety
interlocks. Conduct these tests after adjustment of combustion
controls has been completed under the steady state combustion tests.
Continue variable load operational tests for a period of at least 8
hours.
(1) Sequencing: Boiler shall start, operate and stop in strict
accordance with the specified operating sequence.
(2) Flame Safeguard: Verify operation of the flame safeguard controls
by simulated flame and ignition failures. Verify trial-for-main
flame ignition, combustion control reaction and valve closing
times by stop watch.
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 161
(3) Immunity to Hot Refractory: Operate burner at high fire until
combustion chamber refractory reaches maximum temperature. Main
fuel valve shall then be closed manually. Combustion safeguard
shall drop out immediately causing the safety shutoff valves to
close within the specified control reaction and valve closing
times.
[
(4) Pilot Intensity Required: Gradually reduce the fuel supply to the
pilot flame to the point where the combustion safeguard begins to
drop out (sense "no flame") but holds in until the main fuel valve
opens. At this point of reduced pilot fuel supply, the pilot
flame shall be capable of safely igniting the main burner. When
the main fuel valve can be opened on a pilot flame of insufficient
intensity to safely light the main flame, the boiler shall be
rejected.
]
(5) Boiler Limit and Fuel Safety Interlocks: Safety shutdown shall be
caused by simulating interlock actuating conditions for each
boiler limit and fuel safety interlock. Safety shutdowns shall
occur in the specified manner.
(6) Combustion Controls: Demonstrate accuracy, range and smoothness
of operation of the combustion controls by varying steam demand
through the entire firing range required by the turndown ratio
specified for the burner. The control accuracy shall be as
specified.
(7) Safety Valves: High pressure limit switch shall be locked out or
otherwise made inoperative and boiler safety valves shall be
lifted by steam. Determine relieving capacity, popping pressure,
blowdown and reseating pressure by observation and measurement in
accordance with ASME BPVC SEC I. The ASME standard symbol will be
accepted only as indicating compliance with design and material
requirements of the code.
3.2.5.6
Auxiliary Equipment and Accessory Tests
Observe and test blowdown valves, stop valves, try cocks, draft fans, fuel
oil heaters, pumps, electric motors, and other accessories and appurtenant
equipment during operational and capacity tests for leakage, malfunctions,
defects, and for compliance with referenced standards.
3.2.5.7
Feedwater Equipment Tests
Perform test of the feedwater treatment equipment in two steps. Conduct one
test concurrently with the combustion tests. The Government will perform a
second test during the first period of heavy loading after the plant has
been accepted and put in service. Correct deficiencies revealed during the
Government tests under the guarantee provisions of the contract. Both the
first and second series of tests shall determine compliance with the limits
for chemical concentrations of this specification. Supply equipment for
taking samples and test kit for analyzing the samples. Sampling equipment
and test kit shall become the property of the Government when tests are
completed.
3.2.5.8
Capacity and Efficiency Tests
Perform capacity and efficiency tests after operating tests have been
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 162
satisfactorily completed and boiler has been operated continuously for at
least 14 days with no nuisance shutdowns and without the necessity for
frequent or difficult adjustments. Perform capacity and efficiency tests
on each boiler. Conduct tests using specified fuel[s]. Test procedures
shall be in accordance with the heat loss method [and the input-output
method] of ASME PTC 4. Before performing tests, the Contracting Officer
and the Contractor shall reach agreement on those items identified in
ASME PTC 4, Section 3, paragraph 3.0l "Items on Which Agreement Shall be
Reached." A test run shall not start until boiler and accessories have
reached an equilibrium and stabilization condition for at least one hour in
duration. Duration of tests shall be sufficient to record necessary data
but in no case shall each run be less than [4] [10] [24] hours.
a.
Accomplish maximum output testing by means of a single 2 hour run at
110 percent load on the boiler under test. Calculate boiler
efficiency, both input-output and heat loss, from the consistent
readings taken during the runs. Runs shall be made at four different
loads 30, 50, 70, and 100 percent of boiler rating during which both
heat loss and input-output data shall be taken. Predict unmeasured
losses used in conjunction with heat loss calculations and include with
equipment data when submitted for approval. Subsequent tests required
because of failure of the equipment to perform adequately during
specified capacity and efficiency tests shall be the financial
responsibility of the Contractor, including the cost of fuel.
b.
Should analysis of the fuel being burned during performance tests vary
from that specified as the performance fuel, adjust guarantees in
accordance with accepted engineering practice to determine compliance.
Carbon loss shall be determined in accordance with ABMA Boiler 103.
3.2.5.9
Temporary Waste Steam Connection
When necessary to obtain sufficient load for these tests, provide a
temporary steam line at a point outside the building. Provide necessary
pipe, fittings, supports, anchors and appurtenances including a field
fabricated silencer as directed by the Contracting Officer. Remove
temporary piping and silencer after satisfactorily completing tests.
[3.2.5.10
Fire Safety for Oil-Fired Boilers
Conduct tests as necessary to determine compliance with the applicable UL
Safety Standards. The presence of the applicable Underwriters' label may
be accepted as evidence of compliance in this respect.
a.
Oil-fired Boilers:
b.
Oil Burners:
]3.2.5.11
Meet test requirements of UL 726.
Meet test requirements of UL 296.
Plant Acceptance Operation
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include bracketed portion if project is for
coal fired installation with flue gas
desulfurization system.
**************************************************************************
After satisfactory completion of tests specified, operate the complete
plant including each boiler [, its related flue gas cleaning equipment] and
subsystems for a period of 30 continuous 24 hour operational days prior to
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 163
final acceptance by the Government. Furnish labor, chemicals, test
equipment and apparatus; the Government will furnish fuel, electricity and
water. During this 30 day period, provide readily available, the services
of qualified representatives from manufacturers of plant components and
systems for the purpose of additional operational assistance, component and
system adjustment and repairs. Government personnel will observe
Contractor's operational procedures and will be asking pertinent questions,
which the Contractor's representatives shall answer, about plant operation.
3.2.5.12
NAVFACENGCOM Acceptance
Operational, piping systems, auxiliary equipment and accessory tests shall
be conducted prior to requesting an acceptance inspection by a Naval
Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFACENGCOM) Boiler Inspector. The
Contracting Officer, upon receipt of 14 calendar days advance notice from
the Contractor, shall request the boiler be inspected by a NAVFACENGCOM
Boiler Inspector. The Contractor shall perform final operational
performance testing of all plant systems in the presence of the
NAVFACENGCOM Boiler Inspector, at the discretion of the NAVFACENGCOM Boiler
Inspector. The NAVFACENGCOM Boiler Inspector shall receive copies, and
review the results, of all pertinent operational test reports before
approving acceptance of the boiler plant by the Government.
3.2.6
Manufacturers Field Services
3.2.6.1
Erection/Installation Supervisors and Service Engineers
a.
Boiler: Furnish the services of a competent supervisor who is in the
direct employ of the boiler manufacturer. Supervisor shall remain on
the construction site the full 8 hours per day, 5 days per week, or the
same hours, that the boiler installation takes place. Supervisor shall
be responsible for the complete steam generating unit, including steam
generator, stoker, [burner,] fans and related work, such as refractory,
or insulation regardless of whether stoker, [burner,] fans or other
related items of work are furnished by manufacturers other than the
boiler manufacturer.
b.
Stoker: Furnish a competent erection supervisor for the equipment
furnished by the stoker manufacturer.
c.
Fans: Furnish a company service engineer to advise on the erection or
installation of fans and related equipment.
d.
Service Engineers: Services of the manufacturing companies' service
engineers and the system suppliers' service engineers shall be provided
by the Contractor to advise during erection and installation of other
systems and equipment such as control system, coal handlings system,
ash handling system, air compressors, air dryers, boiler feedwater
pumps, fuel oil pumps, condensate pumps, water treatment equipment,
chemical feed pumps, deaerating feedwater heater and stacks.
3.2.6.2
Boiler and System Representatives
a.
Furnish factory trained engineers or technicians who are
representatives of the boiler manufacturer and system suppliers to
supervise testing of the boilers and auxiliary equipment.
b.
Furnish the services of a Boiler Inspector who is qualified and
certified as such by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 164
Inspectors and who is presently employed full time by an independent
firm, such as Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company,
which has a business of inspecting boilers.
3.2.7
Instruction to Government Personnel
In accordance with the provisions of Section 23 03 00.00 20 BASIC
MECHANICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS, supervisors and service engineers shall
provide instruction for the Government's operators in the operation and
maintenance of the equipment furnished under this section. The minimum
number of hours provided shall be as follows:
Equipment
Operation
Instruction
Maintenance
Instruction
Boiler and auxiliaries
40 hours
16 hours
Stoker
40 hours
16 hours
FD and ID fans
16 hours
16 hours
Coal handling system
16 hours
32 hours
Ash handling system
24 hours
8 hours
Air compressors and dryers
8 hours
16 hours
Boiler feedwater pumps
8 hours
8 hours
Miscellaneous equipment
16 hours
16 hours
3.2.8
SCHEDULE
Some metric measurements in this section are based on mathematical
conversion of inch-pound measurement, and not on metric measurement
commonly agreed to by the manufacturers or other parties. The inch-pound
and metric measurements shown are as follows:
Products
Inch-Pound
Metric
Steam Gage
12 inch diameter
300 mm diameter
Boiler
4,000-18,000 #/hr capacity
1/2-2 1/4 kg/sec capacity
Electric Motor
10 hp
7 1/2 kW
Thermometer
5 inch Dial
125 mm Dial
Pressure Gage
6 inch Dial
180 mm Dial
-- End of Section --
SECTION 23 52 33.01 20
Page 165
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement