datasheet for PIC10F220 by Microchip Technology Inc.

datasheet for PIC10F220 by Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
Data Sheet
High-Performance Microcontrollers
with 8-bit A/D
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E
Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
•
Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
•
Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
•
There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
•
Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
•
Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
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Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, Accuron,
dsPIC, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, microID, MPLAB, PIC,
PICmicro, PICSTART, PRO MATE, rfPIC and SmartShunt are
registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A. and other countries.
AmpLab, FilterLab, Linear Active Thermistor, Migratable
Memory, MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL, SmartSensor and The
Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered
trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the
U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard,
dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB,
In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, Mindi, MiWi,
MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, PICkit,
PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICLAB, PICtail, PowerCal,
PowerInfo, PowerMate, PowerTool, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select
Mode, Smart Serial, SmartTel, Total Endurance, UNI/O,
WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2007, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California
and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures
are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping
devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and
analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design
and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
DS41270E-page ii
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
6-Pin, 8-Bit Flash Microcontrollers
Device Included In This Data Sheet:
Low-Power Features/CMOS Technology:
• PIC10F220
• PIC10F222
• Operating Current:
- < 175 μA @ 2V, 4 MHz
• Standby Current:
- 100 nA @ 2V, typical
• Low-Power, High-Speed Flash Technology:
- 100,000 Flash endurance
- > 40-year retention
• Fully Static Design
• Wide Operating Voltage Range: 2.0V to 5.5V
• Wide Temperature Range:
- Industrial: -40°C to +85°C
- Extended: -40°C to +125°C
High-Performance RISC CPU:
• Only 33 Single-Word Instructions to Learn
• All Single-Cycle Instructions Except for Program
Branches which are Two-Cycle
• 12-bit Wide Instructions
• 2-Level Deep Hardware Stack
• Direct, Indirect and Relative Addressing modes
for Data and Instructions
• 8-bit Wide Data Path
• 8 Special Function Hardware Registers
• Operating Speed:
- 500 ns instruction cycle with 8 MHz internal
clock
- 1 μs instruction cycle with 4 MHz internal
clock
Peripheral Features:
• 4 I/O Pins:
- 3 I/O pins with individual direction control
- 1 input only pin
- High current sink/source for direct LED drive
- Wake-on-change
- Weak pull-ups
• 8-bit Real-Time Clock/Counter (TMR0) with 8-bit
Programmable Prescaler
• Analog-to-Digital (A/D) Converter:
- 8-bit resolution
- 2 external input channels
- 1 internal input channel dedicated
Special Microcontroller Features:
• 4 or 8 MHz Precision Internal Oscillator:
- Factory calibrated to ±1%
• In-Circuit Serial Programming™ (ICSP™)
• In-Circuit Debugging (ICD) Support
• Power-On Reset (POR)
• Short Device Reset Timer, DRT (1.125 ms typical)
• Watchdog Timer (WDT) with Dedicated On-Chip
RC Oscillator for Reliable Operation
• Programmable Code Protection
• Multiplexed MCLR Input Pin
• Internal Weak Pull-Ups on I/O Pins
• Power-Saving Sleep mode
• Wake-up from Sleep on Pin Change
Program Memory
Data Memory
Flash (words)
SRAM (bytes)
PIC10F220
256
PIC10F222
512
I/O
Timers
8-bit
8-Bit A/D (ch)
16
4
1
2
23
4
1
2
Device
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 1
PIC10F220/222
1
VSS
2
GP1/AN1/ICSPCLK
3
PIC10F220/222
GP0/AN0/ICSPDAT
6
GP3/MCLR/VPP
5
VDD
4
GP2/T0CKI/FOSC4
PIC10F220/222
6-Lead SOT-23 Pin Diagram
8
GP3/MCLR/VPP
7
VSS
6
N/C
5
GP0/AN0/ICSPDAT
8
GP3/MCLR/VPP
7
VSS
6
N/C
5
GP0/AN0/ICSPDAT
8-Lead DIP Pin Diagram
N/C
1
VDD
2
GP2/T0CKI/FOSC4
3
GP1/AN1/ICSPCLK
4
DS41270E-page 2
N/C
1
VDD
2
GP2/T0CKI/FOSC4
3
GP1/AN1/ICSPCLK
4
PIC10F220/222
8-Lead DFN Pin Diagram
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
Table of Contents
1.0 General Description...................................................................................................................................................................... 5
2.0 Device Varieties .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
3.0 Architectural Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 9
4.0 Memory Organization ................................................................................................................................................................. 13
5.0 I/O Port ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
6.0 TMR0 Module and TMR0 Register............................................................................................................................................. 25
7.0 Analog-to-Digital (A/D) converter ............................................................................................................................................... 29
8.0 Special Features Of The CPU.................................................................................................................................................... 33
9.0 Instruction Set Summary ............................................................................................................................................................ 43
10.0 Electrical Characteristics ............................................................................................................................................................ 51
11.0 Development Support................................................................................................................................................................. 61
12.0 DC and AC Characteristics Graphs and Charts ......................................................................................................................... 69
13.0 Packaging Information................................................................................................................................................................ 73
Index .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 79
The Microchip Web Site ....................................................................................................................................................................... 81
Customer Change Notification Service ................................................................................................................................................ 81
Customer Support ................................................................................................................................................................................ 81
Reader Response ................................................................................................................................................................................ 82
Product Identification System .............................................................................................................................................................. 83
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© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 3
PIC10F220/222
NOTES:
DS41270E-page 4
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
1.0
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The PIC10F220/222 devices from Microchip
Technology are low-cost, high-performance, 8-bit, fullystatic Flash-based CMOS microcontrollers. They
employ a RISC architecture with only 33 single-word/
single-cycle instructions. All instructions are singlecycle (1 μs) except for program branches, which take
two cycles. The PIC10F220/222 devices deliver performance in an order of magnitude higher than their competitors in the same price category. The 12-bit wide
instructions are highly symmetrical, resulting in a
typical 2:1 code compression over other 8-bit
microcontrollers in its class. The easy-to-use and easy
to remember instruction set reduces development time
significantly.
1.1
Applications
The PIC10F220/222 devices fit in applications ranging
from personal care appliances and security systems to
low-power remote transmitters/receivers. The Flash
technology makes customizing application programs
(transmitter codes, appliance settings, receiver frequencies, etc.) extremely fast and convenient. The
small footprint packages, for through hole or surface
mounting, make these microcontrollers well suited for
applications with space limitations. Low-cost, lowpower, high-performance, ease-of-use and I/O flexibility make the PIC10F220/222 devices very versatile,
even in areas where no microcontroller use has been
considered before (e.g., timer functions, logic and
PLDs in larger systems and coprocessor applications).
The PIC10F220/222 products are equipped with special features that reduce system cost and power
requirements. The Power-on Reset (POR) and Device
Reset Timer (DRT) eliminates the need for the external
Reset circuitry. INTOSC Internal Oscillator mode is provided, thereby, preserving the limited number of I/O
available. Power-Saving Sleep mode, Watchdog Timer
and code protection features improve system cost,
power and reliability.
The PIC10F220/222 devices are available in costeffective Flash, which is suitable for production in any
volume. The customer can take full advantage of
Microchip’s price leadership in Flash programmable
microcontrollers while benefiting from the Flash
programmable flexibility.
The PIC10F220/222 products are supported by a fullfeatured macro assembler, a software simulator, an incircuit debugger, a ‘C’ compiler, a low-cost
development programmer and a full featured programmer. All the tools are supported on IBM® PC and
compatible machines.
TABLE 1-1:
PIC10F220/222 DEVICES(1), (2)
PIC10F220
PIC10F222
Clock
Maximum Frequency of Operation (MHz)
8
8
Memory
Flash Program Memory
256
512
Data Memory (bytes)
16
23
TMR0
TMR0
Yes
Yes
Analog inputs
2
2
I/O Pins
3
3
Peripherals
Timer Module(s)
Wake-up from Sleep on pin change
Features
Input Only Pins
1
1
Internal Pull-ups
Yes
Yes
In-Circuit Serial Programming™
Yes
Yes
Number of instructions
33
33
6-pin SOT-23,
8-pin DIP, DFN
6-pin SOT-23,
8-pin DIP, DFN
Packages
Note 1:
2:
The PIC10F220/222 devices have Power-on Reset, selectable Watchdog Timer, selectable code-protect, high I/O
current capability and precision internal oscillator.
The PIC10F220/222 devices use serial programming with data pin GP0 and clock pin GP1.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 5
PIC10F220/222
NOTES:
DS41270E-page 6
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
2.0
DEVICE VARIETIES
A variety of packaging options are available. Depending on application and production requirements, the
proper device option can be selected using the
information in this section. When placing orders, please
use the PIC10F220/222 Product Identification System
at the back of this data sheet to specify the correct part
number.
2.1
Quick Turn Programming (QTP)
Devices
Microchip offers a QTP programming service for
factory production orders. This service is made
available for users who choose not to program
medium-to-high quantity units and whose code
patterns have stabilized. The devices are identical to
the Flash devices but with all Flash locations and fuse
options already programmed by the factory. Certain
code and prototype verification procedures do apply
before production shipments are available. Please
contact your local Microchip Technology sales office for
more details.
2.2
Serialized Quick Turn
ProgrammingSM (SQTPSM) Devices
Microchip offers a unique programming service, where
a few user-defined locations in each device are
programmed with different serial numbers. The serial
numbers may be random, pseudo-random or
sequential.
Serial programming allows each device to have a
unique number, which can serve as an entry-code,
password or ID number.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 7
PIC10F220/222
NOTES:
DS41270E-page 8
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
3.0
ARCHITECTURAL OVERVIEW
The high performance of the PIC10F220/222 devices
can be attributed to a number of architectural features
commonly found in RISC microprocessors. To begin
with, the PIC10F220/222 devices use a Harvard architecture in which program and data are accessed on
separate buses. This improves bandwidth over traditional von Neumann architectures where program and
data are fetched on the same bus. Separating program
and data memory further allows instructions to be sized
differently than the 8-bit wide data word. Instruction
opcodes are 12 bits wide, making it possible to have all
single-word instructions. A 12-bit wide program memory access bus fetches a 12-bit instruction in a single
cycle. A two-stage pipeline overlaps fetch and execution of instructions. Consequently, all instructions (33)
execute in a single cycle (1 μs @ 4 MHz or 500 ns @
8 MHz) except for program branches.
The table below lists program memory (Flash) and data
memory (RAM) for the PIC10F220/222 devices.
Device
PIC10F220
PIC10F222
Memory
Program
Data
256 x 12
512 x 12
16 x 8
23 x 8
The PIC10F220/222 devices contain an 8-bit ALU and
working register. The ALU is a general purpose arithmetic unit. It performs arithmetic and Boolean functions
between data in the working register and any register
file.
The ALU is 8-bits wide and capable of addition, subtraction, shift and logical operations. Unless otherwise
mentioned, arithmetic operations are two’s complement in nature. In two-operand instructions, one operand is typically the W (working) register. The other
operand is either a file register or an immediate
constant. In single operand instructions, the operand is
either the W register or a file register.
The W register is an 8-bit working register used for ALU
operations. It is not an addressable register.
Depending on the instruction executed, the ALU may
affect the values of the Carry (C), Digit Carry (DC) and
Zero (Z) bits in the STATUS register. The C and DC bits
operate as a borrow and digit borrow out bit, respectively, in subtraction. See the SUBWF and ADDWF
instructions for examples.
A simplified block diagram is shown in Figure 3-1 with
the corresponding device pins described in Table 3-1.
The PIC10F220/222 devices can directly or indirectly
address its register files and data memory. All Special
Function Registers (SFR), including the PC, are
mapped in the data memory. The PIC10F220/222
devices have a highly orthogonal (symmetrical) instruction set that makes it possible to carry out any operation, on any register, using any addressing mode. This
symmetrical nature and lack of “special optimal situations” make programming with the PIC10F220/222
devices simple, yet efficient. In addition, the learning
curve is reduced significantly.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 9
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 3-1:
BLOCK DIAGRAM
9-10
512 x 12 or
256 x 12
GPIO
GP0/AN0/ICSPDAT
GP1/AN1/ICSPCLK
GP2/T0CKI/FOSC4
GP3/MCLR/VPP
RAM
Program
Memory
23 or 16
bytes
STACK1
STACK2
Program
Bus
8
Data Bus
Program Counter
Flash
File
Registers
12
RAM Addr
9
Addr MUX
Instruction Reg
Direct Addr
5
5-7
Indirect
Addr
FSR Reg
STATUS Reg
8
3
MUX
Device Reset
Timer
Instruction
Decode &
Control
Power-on
Reset
Timing
Generation
Watchdog
Timer
Internal RC
Clock
ALU
AN0
8
ADC
W Reg
Timer0
MCLR
VDD, VSS
TABLE 3-1:
AN1
Absolute
Voltage
Reference
PINOUT DESCRIPTION
Name
GP0/AN0/ICSPDAT
GP1/AN1/ICSPCLK
Function
Input
Type
Output
Type
GP0
TTL
CMOS
AN0
AN
—
Description
Bidirectional I/O pin. Can be software programmed for internal weak
pull-up and wake-up from Sleep on pin change.
Analog Input
ICSPDAT
ST
CMOS
In-Circuit programming data
GP1
TTL
CMOS
Bidirectional I/O pin. Can be software programmed for internal weak
pull-up and wake-up from Sleep on pin change.
AN1
AN
—
Analog Input
ICSPCLK
ST
—
In-Circuit programming clock
GP2
TTL
CMOS
Bidirectional I/O pin
T0CKI
ST
—
Clock input to TMR0
FOSC4
—
CMOS
GP3
TTL
—
Input pin. Can be software programmed for internal weak pull-up and
wake-up from Sleep on pin change.
MCLR
ST
—
Master Clear (Reset). When configured as MCLR, this pin is an
active-low Reset to the device. Voltage on MCLR/VPP must not
exceed VDD during normal device operation or the device will enter
Programming mode.
VPP
HV
—
Programming voltage input
VDD
VDD
P
—
Positive supply for logic and I/O pins
VSS
VSS
P
—
Ground reference for logic and I/O pins
GP2/T0CKI/FOSC4
GP3/MCLR/VPP
Legend:
Oscillator/4 output
I = Input, O = Output, I/O = Input/Output, P = Power, — = Not used, TTL = TTL input,
ST = Schmitt Trigger input, AN = Analog Input
DS41270E-page 10
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
3.1
3.2
Clocking Scheme/Instruction
Cycle
Instruction Flow/Pipelining
An instruction cycle consists of four Q cycles (Q1, Q2,
Q3 and Q4). The instruction fetch and execute are
pipelined such that fetch takes one instruction cycle,
while decode and execute takes another instruction
cycle. However, due to the pipelining, each instruction
effectively executes in one cycle. If an instruction
causes the PC to change (e.g., GOTO) then two cycles
are required to complete the instruction (Example 3-1).
The clock is internally divided by four to generate four
non-overlapping quadrature clocks, namely Q1, Q2,
Q3 and Q4. Internally, the PC is incremented every Q1,
and the instruction is fetched from program memory
and latched into the Instruction Register (IR) in Q4. It is
decoded and executed during Q1 through Q4. The
clocks and instruction execution flow is shown in
Figure 3-2 and Example 3-1.
A fetch cycle begins with the PC incrementing in Q1.
In the execution cycle, the fetched instruction is latched
into the Instruction Register in cycle Q1. This instruction is then decoded and executed during the Q2, Q3
and Q4 cycles. Data memory is read during Q2
(operand read) and written during Q4 (destination
write).
FIGURE 3-2:
CLOCK/INSTRUCTION CYCLE
Q2
Q1
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
OSC1
Q1
Q2
Internal
phase
clock
Q3
Q4
PC
PC
PC + 1
Fetch INST (PC)
Execute INST (PC - 1)
EXAMPLE 3-1:
PC + 2
Fetch INST (PC + 1)
Execute INST (PC)
Fetch INST (PC + 2)
Execute INST (PC + 1)
INSTRUCTION PIPELINE FLOW
1. MOVLW 03H
2. MOVWF GPIO
3. CALL
SUB_1
4. BSF
GPIO, BIT1
Fetch 1
Execute 1
Fetch 2
Execute 2
Fetch 3
Execute 3
Fetch 4
Flush
Fetch SUB_1 Execute SUB_1
All instructions are single cycle, except for any program branches. These take two cycles, since the fetch instruction
is “flushed” from the pipeline, while the new instruction is being fetched and then executed.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 11
PIC10F220/222
NOTES:
DS41270E-page 12
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
MEMORY ORGANIZATION
The PIC10F220/222 memories are organized into program memory and data memory. Data memory banks
are accessed using the File Select Register (FSR).
4.1
Program Memory Organization for
the PIC10F220
The PIC10F220 devices have a 9-bit Program Counter
(PC) capable of addressing a 512 x 12 program
memory space.
Only the first 256 x 12 (0000h-00FFh) for the
PIC10F220 are physically implemented (see
Figure 4-1). Accessing a location above these
boundaries will cause a wrap-around within the first
256 x 12 space (PIC10F220). The effective Reset
vector is at 0000h, (see Figure 4-1). Location 00FFh
(PIC10F220) contains the internal clock oscillator
calibration value. This value should never be
overwritten.
FIGURE 4-1:
4.2
Program Memory Organization for
the PIC10F222
The PIC10F222 devices have a 10-bit Program
Counter (PC) capable of addressing a 1024 x 12
program memory space.
Only the first 512 x 12 (0000h-01FFh) for the MemHigh are physically implemented (see Figure 4-2).
Accessing a location above these boundaries will
cause a wrap-around within the first 512 x 12 space
(PIC10F222). The effective Reset vector is at 0000h,
(see Figure 4-2). Location 01FFh (PIC10F222) contains the internal clock oscillator calibration value.
This value should never be overwritten.
FIGURE 4-2:
<9:0>
PC<8:0>
10
CALL, RETLW
Stack Level 1
Stack Level 2
PROGRAM MEMORY MAP
AND STACK FOR THE
PIC10F220
Reset Vector(1)
<8:0>
PC<7:0>
PROGRAM MEMORY MAP
AND STACK FOR THE
PIC10F222
0000h
9
CALL, RETLW
On-chip Program
Memory
Stack Level 1
Stack Level 2
Reset Vector(1)
0000h
User Memory
Space
4.0
User Memory
Space
On-chip Program
Memory
512 Words
01FFh
0200h
02FFh
256 Word
00FFh
0100h
Note 1:
Address 0000h becomes the effective
Reset vector. Location 01FFh contains the
MOVLW XX internal oscillator calibration
value.
01FFh
Note 1:
Address 0000h becomes the
effective Reset vector. Location 00FFh
contains the MOVLW XX internal oscillator
calibration value.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 13
PIC10F220/222
4.3
Data Memory Organization
FIGURE 4-4:
Data memory is composed of registers or bytes of
RAM. Therefore, data memory for a device is specified
by its register file. The register file is divided into two
functional groups: Special Function Registers (SFR)
and General Purpose Registers (GPR).
PIC10F222 REGISTER
FILE MAP
File Address
00h
INDF(1)
01h
TMR0
02h
PCL
03h
STATUS
04h
FSR
05h
OSCCAL
06h
GPIO
The General Purpose Registers are used for data and
control information under command of the instructions.
07h
ADCON0
08h
ADRES
For the PIC10F220, the register file is composed of 9
Special Function Registers and 16 General Purpose
Registers (Figure 4-3, Figure 4-4).
09h
The Special Function Registers include the TMR0 register, the Program Counter (PCL), the STATUS register,
the I/O register (GPIO) and the File Select Register
(FSR). In addition, Special Function Registers are used
to control the I/O port configuration and prescaler
options.
General
Purpose
Registers
For the PIC10F222, the register file is composed of 9
Special Function Registers and 23 General Purpose
Registers (Figure 4-4).
1Fh
4.3.1
GENERAL PURPOSE REGISTER
FILE
The General Purpose Register file is accessed, either
directly or indirectly, through the File Select Register
(FSR). See Section 4.9 “Indirect Data Addressing;
INDF and FSR Registers”.
FIGURE 4-3:
PIC10F220 REGISTER
FILE MAP
File Address
00h
INDF
(1)
01h
TMR0
02h
PCL
03h
STATUS
04h
FSR
05h
OSCCAL
06h
GPIO
07h
ADCON0
08h
09h
ADRES
Note 1:
4.3.2
Not a physical register. See Section 4.9
“Indirect Data Addressing; INDF and
FSR Registers”.
SPECIAL FUNCTION REGISTERS
The Special Function Registers (SFRs) are registers
used by the CPU and peripheral functions to control the
operation of the device (Table 4-1).
The Special Function Registers can be classified into
two sets. The Special Function Registers associated
with the “core” functions are described in this section.
Those related to the operation of the peripheral
features are described in the section for each
peripheral feature.
Unimplemented(2)
0Fh
10h
General
Purpose
Registers
1Fh
Note 1:
2:
Not a physical register. See Section 4.9
“Indirect Data Addressing; INDF and
FSR Registers”.
Unimplemented, read as 00h.
DS41270E-page 14
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
TABLE 4-1:
Address
SPECIAL FUNCTION REGISTER (SFR) SUMMARY
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value on
Power-On
Reset(2)
Page #
20
00h
INDF
Uses contents of FSR to address data memory (not a physical register)
xxxx xxxx
01h
TMR0
8-Bit Real-Time Clock/Counter
xxxx xxxx
25
02h
PCL(1)
Low Order 8 Bits of PC
1111 1111
19
03h
STATUS
GPWUF
0--1 1xxx(3)
15
04h
FSR
Indirect Data Memory Address Pointer
111x xxxx
20
05h
OSCCAL
FOSC4
1111 1110
18
06h
GPIO
07h
ADCON0
08h
ADRES
N/A
TRISGPIO
N/A
OPTION
Legend:
Note 1:
2:
3:
4.4
—
CAL6
—
TO
PD
CAL2
Z
DC
CAL1
CAL0
C
CAL5
CAL4
CAL3
—
—
—
—
GP3
GP2
GP1
GP0
---- xxxx
21
ANS1
ANS0
—
—
CHS1
CHS0
GO/DONE
ADON
11-- 1100
30
Result of Analog-to-Digital Conversion
—
—
—
—
GPWU
GPPU
T0CS
T0SE
I/O Control Register
PSA
PS2
PS1
PS0
xxxx xxxx
31
---- 1111
23
1111 1111
17
– = unimplemented, read as ‘0’, x = unknown, u = unchanged, q = value depends on condition.
The upper byte of the Program Counter is not directly accessible. See Section 4.7 “Program Counter” for an
explanation of how to access these bits.
Other (non Power-up) Resets include external Reset through MCLR, Watchdog Timer and wake-up on pin change
Reset.
See Table 8-1 for other Reset specific values.
STATUS Register
This register contains the arithmetic status of the ALU,
the Reset status and the page preselect bit.
The STATUS register can be the destination for any
instruction, as with any other register. If the STATUS
register is the destination for an instruction that affects
the Z, DC or C bits, then the write to these three bits is
disabled. These bits are set or cleared according to the
device logic. Furthermore, the TO and PD bits are not
writable. Therefore, the result of an instruction with the
STATUS register as destination may be different than
intended.
For example, CLRF STATUS will clear the upper three
bits and set the Z bit. This leaves the STATUS register
as 000u u1uu (where u = unchanged).
Therefore, it is recommended that only BCF, BSF and
MOVWF instructions be used to alter the STATUS register. These instructions do not affect the Z, DC or C bits
from the STATUS register. For other instructions, which
do affect Status bits, see Instruction Set Summary.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 15
PIC10F220/222
REGISTER 4-1:
STATUS REGISTER (ADDRESS: 03h)
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-1
R-1
R/W-x
R/W-x
R/W-x
GPWUF
—
—
TO
PD
Z
DC
C
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
GPWUF: GPIO Reset bit
1 = Reset due to wake-up from Sleep on pin change
0 = After power-up or other Reset
bit 6
Reserved: Do not use. Use of this bit may affect upward compatibility with future products.
bit 5
Reserved: Do not use. Use of this bit may affect upward compatibility with future products.
bit 4
TO: Time-out bit
1 = After power-up, CLRWDT instruction or SLEEP instruction
0 = A WDT time-out occurred
bit 3
PD: Power-down bit
1 = After power-up or by the CLRWDT instruction
0 = By execution of the SLEEP instruction
bit 2
Z: Zero bit
1 = The result of an arithmetic or logic operation is zero
0 = The result of an arithmetic or logic operation is not zero
bit 1
DC: Digit carry/borrow bit (for ADDWF and SUBWF instructions)
ADDWF:
1 = A carry to the 4th low-order bit of the result occurred
0 = A carry to the 4th low-order bit of the result did not occur
SUBWF:
1 = A borrow from the 4th low-order bit of the result did not occur
0 = A borrow from the 4th low-order bit of the result occurred
bit 0
C: Carry/borrow bit (for ADDWF, SUBWF and RRF, RLF instructions)
ADDWF:
SUBWF:
RRF or RLF:
1 = A carry occurred
1 = A borrow did not occur Load bit with LSb or MSb, respectively
0 = A carry did not occur 0 = A borrow occurred
DS41270E-page 16
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
4.5
OPTION Register
The OPTION register is a 8-bit wide, write-only register,
which contains various control bits to configure the
Timer0/WDT prescaler and Timer0.
The OPTION register is not memory mapped and is
therefore only addressable by executing the OPTION
instruction, the contents of the W register will be transferred to the OPTION register. A Reset sets the
OPTION<7:0> bits.
REGISTER 4-2:
Note:
If TRIS bit is set to ‘0’, the wake-up on
change and pull-up functions are disabled
for that pin (i.e., note that TRIS overrides
Option control of GPPU and GPWU).
Note:
If the T0CS bit is set to ‘1’, it will override
the TRIS function on the T0CKI pin.
OPTION REGISTER
W-1
W-1
W-1
W-1
W-1
W-1
W-1
W-1
GPWU
GPPU
T0CS
T0SE
PSA
PS2
PS1
PS0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 7
GPWU: Enable Wake-up On Pin Change bit (GP0, GP1, GP3)
1 = Disabled
0 = Enabled
bit 6
GPPU: Enable Weak Pull-ups bit (GP0, GP1, GP3)
1 = Disabled
0 = Enabled
bit 5
T0CS: Timer0 Clock Source Select bit
1 = Transition on T0CKI pin (overrides TRIS on the T0CKI pin)
0 = Transition on internal instruction cycle clock, FOSC/4
bit 4
T0SE: Timer0 Source Edge Select bit
1 = Increment on high-to-low transition on the T0CKI pin
0 = Increment on low-to-high transition on the T0CKI pin
bit 3
PSA: Prescaler Assignment bit
1 = Prescaler assigned to the WDT
0 = Prescaler assigned to Timer0
bit 2-0
PS<2:0>: Prescaler Rate Select bits
Bit Value
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
x = Bit is unknown
Timer0 Rate WDT Rate
1:2
1:4
1:8
1 : 16
1 : 32
1 : 64
1 : 128
1 : 256
1:1
1:2
1:4
1:8
1 : 16
1 : 32
1 : 64
1 : 128
DS41270E-page 17
PIC10F220/222
4.6
OSCCAL Register
The Oscillator Calibration (OSCCAL) register is used to
calibrate the internal precision 4/8 MHz oscillator. It
contains seven bits for calibration.
Note:
Erasing the device will also erase the preprogrammed internal calibration value for
the internal oscillator. The calibration
value must be read prior to erasing the
part so it can be reprogrammed correctly
later.
After you move in the calibration constant, do not
change the value. See Section 8.2.2 “Internal 4/8 MHz
Oscillator”.
REGISTER 4-3:
OSCCAL – OSCILLATOR CALIBRATION REGISTER (ADDRESS: 05h)
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-0
CAL6
CAL5
CAL4
CAL3
CAL2
CAL1
CAL0
FOSC4
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 7-1
CAL<6:0>: Oscillator Calibration bits
0111111 = Maximum frequency
•
•
•
0000001
0000000 = Center frequency
1111111
•
•
•
1000000 = Minimum frequency
bit 0
FOSC4: INTOSC/4 Output Enable bit(1)
1 = INTOSC/4 output onto GP2
0 = GP2/T0CKI applied to GP2
Note 1:
x = Bit is unknown
Overrides GP2/T0CKI control registers when enabled.
DS41270E-page 18
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
4.7
Program Counter
4.7.1
As a program instruction is executed, the Program
Counter (PC) will contain the address of the next
program instruction to be executed. The PC value is
increased by one every instruction cycle, unless an
instruction changes the PC.
For a GOTO instruction, bits 8:0 of the PC are provided
by the GOTO instruction word. The PC Latch (PCL) is
mapped to PC<7:0>.
For a CALL instruction or any instruction where the PCL
is the destination, bits 7:0 of the PC again are provided
by the instruction word. However, PC<8> does not
come from the instruction word, but is always cleared
(Figure 4-5).
Instructions where the PCL is the destination or Modify
PCL instructions, include MOVWF PC, ADDWF PC and
BSF PC, 5.
Note:
Because PC<8> is cleared in the CALL
instruction or any Modify PCL instruction,
all subroutine calls or computed jumps are
limited to the first 256 locations of any
program memory page (512 words long).
FIGURE 4-5:
LOADING OF PC
BRANCH INSTRUCTIONS
GOTO Instruction
8 7
PC
0
PCL
EFFECTS OF RESET
The PC is set upon a Reset, which means that the PC
addresses the last location in program memory (i.e.,
the oscillator calibration instruction). After executing
MOVLW XX, the PC will roll over to location 0000h and
begin executing user code.
4.8
Stack
The PIC10F220 device has a 2-deep, 8-bit wide
hardware PUSH/POP stack.
The PIC10F222 device has a 2-deep, 9-bit wide
hardware PUSH/POP stack.
A CALL instruction will PUSH the current value of stack
1 into stack 2 and then PUSH the current PC value,
incremented by one, into stack level 1. If more than two
sequential CALL’s are executed, only the most recent
two return addresses are stored.
A RETLW instruction will POP the contents of stack level
1 into the PC and then copy stack level 2 contents into
level 1. If more than two sequential RETLW’s are executed, the stack will be filled with the address
previously stored in level 2.
Note 1: The W register will be loaded with the literal value specified in the instruction. This
is particularly useful for the implementation of data look-up tables within the
program memory.
2: There are no Status bits to indicate stack
overflows or stack underflow conditions.
3: There are no instructions mnemonics
called PUSH or POP. These are actions
that occur from the execution of the CALL
and RETLW instructions.
Instruction Word
CALL or Modify PCL Instruction
8 7
PC
0
PCL
Instruction Word
Reset to ‘0’
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 19
PIC10F220/222
4.9
EXAMPLE 4-1:
Indirect Data Addressing; INDF
and FSR Registers
The INDF register is not a physical register. Addressing
INDF actually addresses the register whose address is
contained in the FSR register (FSR is a pointer). This is
indirect addressing.
4.9.1
NEXT
MOVLW
MOVWF
CLRF
0x10
FSR
INDF
INCF
BTFSC
GOTO
CONTINUE
:
:
INDIRECT ADDRESSING
•
•
•
•
Register file 09 contains the value 10h
Register file 0A contains the value 0Ah
Load the value 09 into the FSR register
A read of the INDF register will return the value
of 10h
• Increment the value of the FSR register by one
(FSR = 0A)
• A read of the INDR register now will return the
value of 0Ah.
HOW TO CLEAR RAM
USING INDIRECT
ADDRESSING
FSR,F
FSR,4
NEXT
;initialize pointer
;to RAM
;clear INDF
;register
;inc pointer
;all done?
;NO, clear next
;YES, continue
The FSR is a 5-bit wide register. It is used in conjunction with the INDF register to indirectly address the data
memory area.
Reading INDF itself indirectly (FSR = 0) will produce
00h. Writing to the INDF register indirectly results in a
no-operation (although Status bits may be affected).
The FSR<4:0> bits are used to select data memory
addresses 00h to 1Fh.
Note:
Do not use banking. FSR <7:5> are
unimplemented and read as ‘1’s.
A simple program to clear RAM locations 10h-1Fh
using Indirect addressing is shown in Example 4-1.
FIGURE 4-6:
DIRECT/INDIRECT ADDRESSING
Direct Addressing
4
(opcode)
Indirect Addressing
0
4
Location Select
(FSR)
0
Location Select
00h
Data
Memory(1)
0Fh
10h
1Fh
Bank 0
Note 1:
For register map detail, see Section 4.3 “Data Memory Organization”.
DS41270E-page 20
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
5.0
I/O PORT
The TRIS registers are “write-only” and are set (output
drivers disabled) upon Reset.
As with any other register, the I/O register(s) can be
written and read under program control. However, read
instructions (e.g., MOVF GPIO, W) always read the I/O
pins independent of the pin’s Input/Output modes. On
Reset, all I/O ports are defined as input (inputs are at
high-impedance) since the I/O control registers are all
set.
5.1
5.3
The equivalent circuit for an I/O port pin is shown in
Figure 5-1. All port pins, except GP3, which is input
only, may be used for both input and output operations.
For input operations, these ports are non-latching. Any
input must be present until read by an input instruction
(e.g., MOVF GPIO, W). The outputs are latched and
remain unchanged until the output latch is rewritten. To
use a port pin as output, the corresponding direction
control bit in TRIS must be cleared (= 0). For use as an
input, the corresponding TRIS bit must be set. Any I/O
pin (except GP3) can be programmed individually as
input or output.
GPIO
GPIO is an 8-bit I/O register. Only the low-order 4 bits
are used (GP<3:0>). Bits 7 through 4 are unimplemented and read as ‘0’s. Please note that GP3 is an
input only pin. Pins GP0, GP1 and GP3 can be configured with weak pull-ups and also for wake-up on
change. The wake-up on change and weak pull-up
functions are not individually pin selectable. If GP3/
MCLR is configured as MCLR, a weak pull-up can be
enabled via the Configuration Word. Configuring GP3
as MCLR disables the wake-up on change function for
this pin.
5.2
FIGURE 5-1:
Data
Bus
The Output Driver Control register is loaded with the
contents of the W register by executing the TRIS f
instruction. A ‘1’ from a TRIS register bit puts the corresponding output driver in a High-Impedance mode. A
‘0’ puts the contents of the output data latch on the
selected pins, enabling the output buffer. The exceptions are GP3, which is input only, and the GP2/T0CKI/
FOSC4 pin, which may be controlled by various
registers. See Table 5-1.
EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT
FOR A SINGLE I/O PIN
Q
Data
Latch
CK
Q
VDD VDD
P
(1)
N
W
Reg
D
TRIS ‘f’
Q
TRIS
Latch
CK Q
Reset
A read of the ports reads the pins, not the
output data latches. That is, if an output
driver on a pin is enabled and driven high,
but the external system is holding it low, a
read of the port will indicate that the pin is
low.
TABLE 5-1:
D
WR
Port
TRIS Registers
Note:
I/O Interfacing
I/O
pin
VSS VSS
(2)
RD Port
Note 1:
2:
I/O pins have protection diodes to VDD and
VSS.
See Table 3-1 for buffer type.
ORDER OF PRECEDENCE FOR PIN FUNCTIONS
Priority
GP0
GP1
GP2
GP3
1
2
3
AN0
TRIS GPIO
—
AN1
TRIS GPIO
—
FOSC4
T0CKI
TRIS GPIO
MCLR
—
—
TABLE 5-2:
REQUIREMENTS TO MAKE PINS AVAILABLE IN DIGITAL MODE
GP0
GP1
GP2
GP3
FOSC4
Bit
—
—
0
—
T0CS
—
—
0
—
ANS1
—
0
—
—
ANS0
0
—
—
—
MCLRE
—
—
—
0
Legend:
— = Condition of bit will have no effect on the setting of the pin to Digital mode.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 21
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 5-2:
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF GP0
AND GP1
FIGURE 5-3:
I/O Pin(1)
Data
Bus
D
GPPU
D
Q
WR
Port
CK
W
Reg
I/O Pin
FOSC4
OSCCAL<0>
D
Q
TRIS
Latch
(1)
TRIS ‘f’
Q
Q
CK
W
Reg
Data
Latch
Q
Data
Latch
WR
Port
Data
Bus
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF GP2
Q
CK
Reset
D
Q
T0CS
TRIS
Latch
TRIS ‘f’
CK
Q
RD Port
Reset
T0CKI
Analog Enable
Note 1:
I/O pins have protection diodes to VDD and
VSS.
RD Port
FIGURE 5-4:
Q
D
CK
Mis-Match
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF GP3
GPPU
MCLRE
Reset
I/O Pin(1)
ADC
Note 1:
I/O pins have protection diodes to VDD and
VSS.
Data Bus
RD Port
Q
D
CK
Mis-match
Note 1:
DS41270E-page 22
GP3/MCLR pin has a protection diode to VSS
only.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
TABLE 5-3:
Address
N/A
SUMMARY OF PORT REGISTERS
Name
TRISGPIO
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
—
—
—
—
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
I/O Control Registers
Value on
Power-On
Reset
Value on
All Other Resets
---- 1111
---- 1111
N/A
OPTION
GPWU
GPPU
T0CS
T0SE
PSA
PS2
PS1
PS0
1111 1111
1111 1111
03h
STATUS
GPWUF
—
—
TO
PD
Z
DC
C
0001 1xxx
q00q quuu(1)
—
—
—
—
GP3
GP2
GP1
GP0
---- xxxx
---- uuuu
06h
GPIO
Legend:
Shaded cells not used by PORT registers, read as ‘0’, – = unimplemented, read as ‘0’, x = unknown, u = unchanged,
q = depends on condition.
If Reset was due to wake-up on pin change, then bit 7 = 1. All other Resets will cause bit 7 = 0.
Note 1:
5.4
EXAMPLE 5-1:
I/O Programming Considerations
5.4.1
BIDIRECTIONAL I/O PORTS
;Initial GPIO Settings
;GPIO<3:2> Inputs
;GPIO<1:0> Outputs
;
;
GPIO latch
GPIO pins
;
------------------BCF
GPIO, 1 ;---- pp01
---- pp11
BCF
GPIO, 0 ;---- pp10
---- pp11
MOVLW 007h;
TRIS
GPIO
;---- pp10
---- pp11
;
Note:
The user may have expected the pin values to
be ---- pp00. The second BCF caused GP1
to be latched as the pin value (High).
Some instructions operate internally as read followed
by write operations. The BCF and BSF instructions, for
example, read the entire port into the CPU, execute the
bit operation and re-write the result. Caution must be
used when these instructions are applied to a port
where one or more pins are used as input/outputs. For
example, a BSF operation on bit 2 of GPIO will cause
all eight bits of GPIO to be read into the CPU, bit 2 to
be set and the GPIO value to be written to the output
latches. If another bit of GPIO is used as a bidirectional
I/O pin (say bit 0) and it is defined as an input at this
time, the input signal present on the pin itself would be
read into the CPU and rewritten to the data latch of this
particular pin, overwriting the previous content. As long
as the pin stays in the Input mode, no problem occurs.
However, if bit 0 is switched into Output mode later on,
the content of the data latch may now be unknown.
5.4.2
A pin actively outputting a high or a low should not be
driven from external devices at the same time in order
to change the level on this pin (“wired-or”, “wired-and”).
The resulting high output currents may damage the
chip.
SUCCESSIVE I/O OPERATION
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
PC
Instruction
Fetched
SUCCESSIVE OPERATIONS ON I/O
PORTS
The actual write to an I/O port happens at the end of an
instruction cycle, whereas for reading, the data must be
valid at the beginning of the instruction cycle (Figure 5-5).
Therefore, care must be exercised if a write followed by
a read operation is carried out on the same I/O port. The
sequence of instructions should allow the pin voltage to
stabilize (load dependent) before the next instruction
causes that file to be read into the CPU. Otherwise, the
previous state of that pin may be read into the CPU rather
than the new state. When in doubt, it is better to separate
these instructions with a NOP or another instruction not
accessing this I/O port.
Example 5-1 shows the effect of two sequential
Read-Modify-Write instructions (e.g., BCF, BSF, etc.)
on an I/O port.
FIGURE 5-5:
I/O PORT READ-MODIFYWRITE INSTRUCTIONS
MOVWF GPIO
PC + 1
MOVF GPIO, W
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
PC + 2
PC + 3
This example shows a write to GPIO followed
by a read from GPIO.
NOP
NOP
Data setup time = (0.25 TCY – TPD)
where: TCY = instruction cycle
GP<2:0>
TPD = propagation delay
Port pin
written here
Instruction
Executed
MOVWF GPIO
(Write to GPIO)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Port pin
sampled here
MOVF GPIO,W
(Read GPIO)
Therefore, at higher clock frequencies, a
write followed by a read may be problematic.
NOP
DS41270E-page 23
PIC10F220/222
NOTES:
DS41270E-page 24
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
6.0
TMR0 MODULE AND TMR0
REGISTER
Counter mode is selected by setting the T0CS bit
(OPTION<5>). In this mode, Timer0 will increment
either on every rising or falling edge of pin T0CKI. The
T0SE bit (OPTION<4>) determines the source edge.
Clearing the T0SE bit selects the rising edge. Restrictions on the external clock input are discussed in detail
in Section 6.1 “Using Timer0 With An External
Clock”.
The Timer0 module has the following features:
•
•
•
•
8-bit timer/counter register, TMR0
Readable and writable
8-bit software programmable prescaler
Internal or external clock select:
- Edge select for external clock
Figure 6-1 is a simplified block diagram of the Timer0
module.
Timer mode is selected by clearing the T0CS bit
(OPTION<5>). In Timer mode, the Timer0 module will
increment every instruction cycle (without prescaler). If
TMR0 register is written, the increment is inhibited for
the following two cycles (Figure 6-2 and Figure 6-3).
The user can work around this by writing an adjusted
value to the TMR0 register.
FIGURE 6-1:
The prescaler may be used by either the Timer0
module or the Watchdog Timer, but not both. The
prescaler assignment is controlled in software by the
control bit PSA (OPTION<3>). Clearing the PSA bit will
assign the prescaler to Timer0. The prescaler is not
readable or writable. When the prescaler is assigned to
the Timer0 module, prescale values of 1:2, 1:4, 1:256
are selectable. Section 6.2 “Prescaler” details the
operation of the prescaler.
A summary of registers associated with the Timer0
module is found in Table 6-1.
TIMER0 BLOCK DIAGRAM
Data Bus
GP2/T0CKI
Pin
FOSC/4
0
PSOUT
1
1
Programmable
Prescaler(2)
0
T0SE
8
Sync with
Internal
Clocks
TMR0 Reg
PSOUT
(2 TCY delay) Sync
3
T0CS(1)
Note 1:
2:
The prescaler is shared with the Watchdog Timer (Figure 6-5).
TIMER0 TIMING: INTERNAL CLOCK/NO PRESCALE
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
PC-1
Instruction
Fetch
Timer0
PSA(1)
Bits T0CS, T0SE, PSA, PS2, PS1 and PS0 are located in the OPTION register.
FIGURE 6-2:
PC
(Program
Counter)
PS2, PS1, PS0(1)
PC
MOVWF TMR0
T0
T0 + 1
Instruction
Executed
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PC + 1
PC + 2
PC + 3
PC + 4
PC + 5
PC + 6
MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W
T0 + 2
Write TMR0
executed
NT0 + 1
NT0
Read TMR0
reads NT0
Read TMR0
reads NT0
Read TMR0
reads NT0
NT0 + 2
Read TMR0
Read TMR0
reads NT0 + 1 reads NT0 + 2
DS41270E-page 25
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 6-3:
PC
(Program
Counter)
TIMER0 TIMING: INTERNAL CLOCK/PRESCALE 1:2
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
PC-1
Instruction
Fetch
PC
MOVWF TMR0
T0
Timer0
PC + 2
PC + 4
PC + 5
NT0
Write TMR0
executed
TABLE 6-1:
PC + 3
T0 + 1
Instruction
Executed
Address
PC + 1
Read TMR0
reads NT0
NT0 + 1
Read TMR0
reads NT0
Read TMR0
Read TMR0
reads NT0 + 1 reads NT0 + 2
Read TMR0
reads NT0
REGISTERS ASSOCIATED WITH TIMER0
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value on
Power-On
Reset
Value on
All Other
Resets
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
PS2
PS1
PS0
1111 1111
1111 1111
---- 1111
01h
TMR0
Timer0 – 8-Bit Real-Time Clock/Counter
N/A
OPTION
GPWU
GPPU
T0CS
T0SE
N/A
TRISGPIO(1)
—
—
—
—
Legend:
Shaded cells not used by Timer0, – = unimplemented, x = unknown, u = unchanged.
Note 1:
6.1
PC + 6
MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W MOVF TMR0,W
PSA
I/O Control Register
---- 1111
The TRIS of the T0CKI pin is overridden when T0CS = 1
Using Timer0 With An External
Clock
When an external clock input is used for Timer0, it must
meet certain requirements. The external clock requirement is due to internal phase clock (TOSC) synchronization. Also, there is a delay in the actual incrementing of
Timer0 after synchronization.
6.1.1
EXTERNAL CLOCK
SYNCHRONIZATION
When no prescaler is used, the external clock input is
the same as the prescaler output. The synchronization
of T0CKI with the internal phase clocks is accomplished by sampling the prescaler output on the Q2 and
Q4 cycles of the internal phase clocks (Figure 6-4).
Therefore, it is necessary for T0CKI to be high for at
least 2TOSC (and a small RC delay of 2Tt0H) and low
for at least 2TOSC (and a small RC delay of 2Tt0H).
Refer to the electrical specification of the desired
device.
When a prescaler is used, the external clock input is
divided by the asynchronous ripple counter-type
prescaler, so that the prescaler output is symmetrical.
For the external clock to meet the sampling requirement, the ripple counter must be taken into account.
Therefore, it is necessary for T0CKI to have a period of
at least 4TOSC (and a small RC delay of 4Tt0H) divided
by the prescaler value. The only requirement on T0CKI
high and low time is that they do not violate the
minimum pulse width requirement of Tt0H. Refer to
parameters 40, 41 and 42 in the electrical specification
of the desired device.
DS41270E-page 26
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
6.1.2
TIMER0 INCREMENT DELAY
Since the prescaler output is synchronized with the
internal clocks, there is a small delay from the time the
external clock edge occurs to the time the Timer0 module is actually incremented. Figure 6-4 shows the delay
from the external clock edge to the timer incrementing.
FIGURE 6-4:
TIMER0 TIMING WITH EXTERNAL CLOCK
External Clock Input or
Prescaler Output(2)
External Clock/Prescaler
Output After Sampling
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Small pulse
misses sampling
(1)
(3)
Increment Timer0 (Q4)
Timer0
T0
T0 + 1
T0 + 2
Note 1: Delay from clock input change to Timer0 increment is 3TOSC to 7TOSC. (Duration of Q = TOSC).
Therefore, the error in measuring the interval between two edges on Timer0 input = ±4TOSC max.
2: External clock if no prescaler selected; prescaler output otherwise.
3: The arrows indicate the points in time where sampling occurs.
6.2
Prescaler
An 8-bit counter is available as a prescaler for the
Timer0 module or as a postscaler for the Watchdog
Timer (WDT), respectively (see Section 8.6 “Watchdog Timer (WDT)”). For simplicity, this counter is
being referred to as “prescaler” throughout this data
sheet.
Note:
The prescaler may be used by either the
Timer0 module or the WDT, but not both.
Thus, a prescaler assignment for the
Timer0 module means that there is no
prescaler for the WDT and vice-versa.
The PSA and PS<2:0> bits (OPTION<3:0>) determine
prescaler assignment and prescale ratio.
When assigned to the Timer0 module, all instructions
writing to the TMR0 register (e.g., CLRF 1,
MOVWF 1, BSF 1,x, etc.) will clear the prescaler.
When assigned to WDT, a CLRWDT instruction will clear
the prescaler along with the WDT. The prescaler is
neither readable nor writable. On a Reset, the
prescaler contains all ‘0’s.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 27
PIC10F220/222
6.2.1
SWITCHING PRESCALER
ASSIGNMENT
To change prescaler from the WDT to the Timer0
module, use the sequence shown in Example 6-2. This
sequence must be used even if the WDT is disabled. A
CLRWDT instruction should be executed before
switching the prescaler.
The prescaler assignment is fully under software
control (i.e., it can be changed “on-the-fly” during program execution). To avoid an unintended device Reset,
the following instruction sequence (Example 6-1) must
be executed when changing the prescaler assignment
from Timer0 to the WDT.
EXAMPLE 6-2:
CHANGING PRESCALER
(WDT→TIMER0)
CLRWDT
EXAMPLE 6-1:
CHANGING PRESCALER
(TIMER0 → WDT)
MOVLW
CLRWDT
;Clear WDT
CLRF
TMR0
;Clear TMR0 & Prescaler
MOVLW ‘00xx1111’b ;These 3 lines (5, 6, 7)
OPTION
;are required only if
;desired
CLRWDT
;PS<2:0> are 000 or 001
MOVLW ‘00xx1xxx’b ;Set Postscaler to
OPTION
;desired WDT rate
FIGURE 6-5:
‘xxxx0xxx’
;Clear WDT and
;prescaler
;Select TMR0, new
;prescale value and
;clock source
OPTION
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE TIMER0/WDT PRESCALER
TCY (= FOSC/4)
Data Bus
0
GP2/T0CKI(2)
Pin
1
8
M
U
X
1
M
U
X
0
T0SE(1)
T0CS(1)
0
Watchdog
Timer
1
M
U
X
Sync
2
Cycles
TMR0 Reg
PSA(1)
8-bit Prescaler
8
8-to-1 MUX
PS<2:0>(1)
PSA(1)
WDT Enable bit
1
0
MUX
PSA(1)
WDT
Time-Out
Note 1:
2:
T0CS, T0SE, PSA, PS<2:0> are bits in the OPTION register.
T0CKI is shared with pin GP2 on the PIC10F220/222.
DS41270E-page 28
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
7.0
ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL (A/D)
CONVERTER
Note:
The A/D Converter module consumes
power when the ADON bit is set even
when no channels are selected as analog
inputs. For low-power applications, it is
recommended that the ADON bit be
cleared when the A/D Converter is not in
use.
The A/D converter allows conversion of an analog
signal into an 8-bit digital signal.
7.1
Clock Divisors
The A/D Converter has a single clock source setting,
INTOSC/4. The A/D Converter requires 13 TAD periods
to complete a conversion. The divisor values do not
affect the number of TAD periods required to perform a
conversion. The divisor values determine the length of
the TAD period.
Note:
7.2
7.5
The GO/DONE bit is used to determine the status of a
conversion, to start a conversion and to manually halt a
conversion in process. Setting the GO/DONE bit starts
a conversion. When the conversion is complete, the A/
D Converter module clears the GO/DONE bit. A conversion can be terminated by manually clearing the
GO/DONE bit while a conversion is in process. Manual
termination of a conversion may result in a partially
converted result in ADRES.
Due to the fixed clock divisor, a conversion
will complete in 13 CPU instruction cycles.
Voltage Reference
Due to the nature of the design, there is no external
voltage reference allowed for the A/D Converter.
The A/D Converter reference voltage will always be
VDD.
7.3
The GO/DONE bit is cleared when the device enters
Sleep, stopping the current conversion. The A/D Converter does not have a dedicated oscillator, it runs off of
the system clock.
Analog Mode Selection
The GO/DONE bit cannot be set when ADON is clear.
The ANS<1:0> bits are used to configure pins for analog input. Upon any Reset ANS<1:0> defaults to 11.
This configures pins AN0 and AN1 as analog inputs.
Pins configured as analog inputs are not available for
digital output. Users should not change the ANS bits
while a conversion is in process. ANS bits are active
regardless of the condition of ADON.
7.4
7.6
The CHS bits are used to select the analog channel to
be sampled by the A/D Converter. The CHS bits
should not be changed during a conversion. To
acquire an analog signal, the CHS selection must
match one of the pin(s) selected by the ANS bits. The
Internal Absolute Voltage Reference can be selected
regardless of the condition of the ANS bits. All channel
selection information will be lost when the device
enters Sleep.
Prior to Sleep
Sleep
This A/D Converter does not have a dedicated A/D
Converter clock and therefore no conversion in Sleep
is possible. If a conversion is underway and a Sleep
command is executed, the GO/DONE and ADON bit
will be cleared. This will stop any conversion in process
and power-down the A/D Converter module to conserve power. Due to the nature of the conversion process, the ADRES may contain a partial conversion. At
least 1 bit must have been converted prior to Sleep to
have partial conversion data in ADRES. The CHS bits
are reset to their default condition and CHS<1:0> = 11.
A/D Converter Channel Selection
TABLE 7-1:
The GO/DONE bit
For accurate conversions, TAD must meet the following:
• 500 ns < TAD < 50 μs
• TAD = 1/(FOSC/divisor)
EFFECTS OF SLEEP AND WAKE ON ADCON0
ANS1
ANS0
CHS1
CHS0
GO/DONE
ADON
x
x
x
x
0
0
Prior to Sleep
x
x
x
x
1
1
Entering Sleep
Unchanged
Unchanged
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
Wake
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 29
PIC10F220/222
7.7
Analog Conversion Result
Register
7.8
The ADRES register contains the results of the last
conversion. These results are present during the sampling period of the next analog conversion process.
After the sampling period is over, ADRES is cleared (=
0). A ‘leading one’ is then right shifted into the ADRES
to serve as an internal conversion complete bit. As
each bit weight, starting with the MSb, is converted, the
leading one is shifted right and the converted bit is
stuffed into ADRES. After a total of 9 right shifts of the
‘leading one’ have taken place, the conversion is complete; the ‘leading one’ has been shifted out and the
GO/DONE bit is cleared.
The function of the Internal Absolute Voltage Reference is to provide a constant voltage for conversion
across the devices VDD supply range. The A/D Converter is ratiometric with the conversion reference
voltage being VDD. Converting a constant voltage of
0.6V (typical) will result in a result based on the voltage
applied to VDD of the device. The result of conversion
of this reference across the VDD range can be
approximated by: Conversion Result = 0.6V/(VDD/256)
Note:
If the GO/DONE bit is cleared in software during a conversion, the conversion stops. The data in ADRES is
the partial conversion result. This data is valid for the bit
weights that have been converted. The position of the
‘leading one’ determines the number of bits that have
been converted. The bits that were not converted
before the GO/DONE was cleared are unrecoverable.
REGISTER 7-1:
Internal Absolute Voltage
Reference
The actual value of the Absolute Voltage
Reference varies with temperature and
part-to-part variation. The conversion is
also susceptible to analog noise on the
VDD pin and noise generated by the sinking or sourcing of current on the I/O pins.
ADCON0: A/D CONVERTER 0 REGISTER
R/W-1
R/W-1
U-0
U-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
ANS1
ANS0
—
—
CHS1
CHS0
GO/DONE
ADON
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 7
ANS1: ADC Analog Input Pin Select bit
1 = GP1/AN1 configured for analog input
0 = GP1/AN1 configured as digital I/O
bit 6
ANS0: ADC Analog Input Pin Select bit(1), (2)
1 = GP0/AN0 configured as an analog input
0 = GP0/AN0 configured as digital I/O
bit 5-4
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 3-2
CHS<1:0>: ADC Channel Select bits(3)
00 = Channel 00 (GP0/AN0)
01 = Channel 01 (GP1/AN1)
1X = 0.6V absolute Voltage reference
bit 1
GO/DONE: ADC Conversion Status bit(4)
1 = ADC conversion in progress. Setting this bit starts an ADC conversion cycle. This bit is automatically cleared
by hardware when the ADC is done converting.
0 = ADC conversion completed/not in progress. Manually clearing this bit while a conversion is in process
terminates the current conversion.
bit 0
ADON: ADC Enable bit
1 = ADC module is operating
0 = ADC module is shut-off and consumes no power
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
When the ANS bits are set, the channel(s) selected are automatically forced into analog mode regardless of the pin
function previously defined.
The ANS<1:0> bits are active regardless of the condition of ADON
CHS<1:0> bits default to 11 after any Reset.
If the ADON bit is clear, the GO/DONE bit cannot be set.
DS41270E-page 30
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
REGISTER 7-2:
ADRES: ANALOG CONVERSION RESULT REGISTER
R-X
R-X
R-X
R-X
R-X
R-X
R-X
R-X
ADRES7
ADRES6
ADRES5
ADRES4
ADRES3
ADRES2
ADRES1
ADRES0
bit 7
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
bit 7-0
x = Bit is unknown
ADRES<7:0>
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 31
PIC10F220/222
7.9
A/D Acquisition Requirements
After the analog input channel is selected (or changed),
an A/D acquisition must be done before the conversion
can be started. To calculate the minimum acquisition
time, Equation 7-1 may be used. This equation
assumes that 1/2 LSb error is used (256 steps for the
ADC). The 1/2 LSb error is the maximum error allowed
for the ADC to meet its specified resolution.
For the ADC to meet its specified accuracy, the charge
holding capacitor (CHOLD) must be allowed to fully
charge to the input channel voltage level. The Analog
Input model is shown in Figure 7-1. The source
impedance (RS) and the internal sampling switch (RSS)
impedance directly affect the time required to charge the
capacitor CHOLD. The sampling switch (RSS) impedance
varies over the device voltage (VDD), see Figure 7-1.
The maximum recommended impedance for analog
sources is 10 kΩ. As the source impedance is
decreased, the acquisition time may be decreased.
EQUATION 7-1:
ACQUISITION TIME EXAMPLE
Assumptions:
Temperature = 50°C and external impedance of 10 kΩ 5.0V VDD
Tacq
= Amplifier Settling Time + Hold Capacitor Charging Time + Temperature Coefficient
= TAMP + TC + TCOFF
= 2 μs + TC + [(Temperature - 25°C)(0.05 μs/°C)]
Solving for Tc:
Tc
= CHOLD (RIC + RSS + RS) In(1/512)
= -25pF (l kΩ + 7 kΩ + 10 kΩ ) In(0.00196)
= 2.81 μs
Therefore:
= 2 μs + 2.81 μs + [(50°C-25°C)(0.0 5μs/°C)]
Tacq
= 6.06 μs
Note 1: The charge holding capacitor (CHOLD) is not discharged after each conversion.
2: The maximum recommended impedance for analog sources is 10 kΩ. This is required to meet the pin
leakage specification.
FIGURE 7-1:
ANALOG INPUT MODULE
VDD
Rs
VA
ANx
CPIN
5 pF
VT = 0.6V
VT = 0.6V
RIC ≤ 1k
Sampling
Switch
SS Rss
I LEAKAGE
± 500 nA
CHOLD = 25 pF
VSS/VREF-
Legend:
CPIN
VT
ILEAKAGE
RIC
SS
CHOLD
DS41270E-page 32
= Input Capacitance
= Threshold Voltage
= Leakage current at the pin due
to various junctions
= Interconnect Resistance
= Sampling Switch
= Sample/Hold Capacitance
6V
5V
VDD 4V
3V
2V
RSS
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Sampling Switch
(kΩ)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
8.0
SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE
CPU
What sets a microcontroller apart from other processors are special circuits that deal with the needs of realtime applications. The PIC10F220/222 microcontrollers have a host of such features intended to maximize
system reliability, minimize cost through elimination of
external components, provide power-saving operating
modes and offer code protection. These features are:
• Reset:
- Power-on Reset (POR)
- Device Reset Timer (DRT)
- Watchdog Timer (WDT)
- Wake-up from Sleep on pin change
• Sleep
• Code Protection
• ID Locations
• In-Circuit Serial Programming™
• Clock Out
REGISTER 8-1:
—
—
The PIC10F220/222 devices have a Watchdog Timer,
which can be shut off only through Configuration bit
WDTE. It runs off of its own RC oscillator for added reliability. When using DRT, there is an 1.125 ms (typical)
delay only on VDD power-up. With this timer on-chip,
most applications need no external Reset circuitry.
The Sleep mode is designed to offer a very low current
Power-Down mode. The user can wake-up from Sleep
through a change on input pins or through a Watchdog
Timer time-out.
8.1
Configuration Bits
The PIC10F220/222 Configuration Words consist of 12
bits. Configuration bits can be programmed to select
various device configurations. One bit is the Watchdog
Timer enable bit, one bit is the MCLR enable bit and
one bit is for code protection (see Register 8-1).
CONFIG: CONFIGURATION WORD(1)
—
—
—
—
—
MCLRE
CP
WDTE
MCPU
bit 11
IOSCFS
bit 0
Legend:
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
‘1’ = Bit is set
‘0’ = Bit is cleared
x = Bit is unknown
bit 11-5
Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’
bit 4
MCLRE: GP3/MCLR Pin Function Select bit
1 = GP3/MCLR pin function is MCLR
0 = GP3/MCLR pin function is digital I/O, MCLR internally tied to VDD
bit 3
CP: Code Protection bit
1 = Code protection off
0 = Code protection on
bit 2
WDTE: Watchdog Timer Enable bit
1 = WDT enabled
0 = WDT disabled
bit 1
MCPU: Master Clear Pull-up Enable bit(2)
1 = Pull-up disabled
0 = Pull-up enabled
bit 0
IOSCFS: Internal Oscillator Frequency Select bit
1 = 8 MHz
0 = 4 MHz
Note 1:
Refer to the “PIC10F220/222 Memory Programming Specification” (DS41266), to determine how to
access the Configuration Word. The Configuration Word is not user addressable during device operation.
MCLRE must be a ‘1’ to enable this selection.
2:
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 33
PIC10F220/222
8.2
Oscillator Configurations
8.2.1
OSCILLATOR TYPES
The PIC10F220/222 devices are offered with internal
oscillator mode only.
• INTOSC: Internal 4/8 MHz Oscillator
8.2.2
INTERNAL 4/8 MHz OSCILLATOR
The internal oscillator provides a 4/8 MHz (nominal)
system clock (see Section 10.0 “Electrical Characteristics” for information on variation over voltage and
temperature).
In addition, a calibration instruction is programmed into
the last address of memory, which contains the calibration value for the internal oscillator. This location is
always uncode protected, regardless of the code-protect settings. This value is programmed as a MOVLW XX
instruction where XX is the calibration value and is
placed at the Reset vector. This will load the W register
with the calibration value upon Reset and the PC will
then roll over to the users program at address 0x000.
The user then has the option of writing the value to the
OSCCAL Register (05h) or ignoring it.
8.3
Reset
The device differentiates between various kinds of
Reset:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Power-on Reset (POR)
MCLR Reset during normal operation
MCLR Reset during Sleep
WDT Time-out Reset during normal operation
WDT Time-out Reset during Sleep
Wake-up from Sleep on pin change
Some registers are not reset in any way, they are
unknown on POR and unchanged in any other Reset.
Most other registers are reset to “Reset state” on
Power-on Reset (POR), MCLR, WDT or Wake-up on
pin change Reset during normal operation. They are
not affected by a WDT Reset during Sleep or MCLR
Reset during Sleep, since these Resets are viewed as
resumption of normal operation. The exceptions to this
are TO, PD and GPWUF bits. They are set or cleared
differently in different Reset situations. These bits are
used in software to determine the nature of Reset. See
Table 8-1 for a full description of Reset states of all
registers.
OSCCAL, when written to with the calibration value, will
“trim” the internal oscillator to remove process variation
from the oscillator frequency.
Note:
Erasing the device will also erase the preprogrammed internal calibration value for
the internal oscillator. The calibration
value must be read prior to erasing the
part so it can be reprogrammed correctly
later.
TABLE 8-1:
Register
RESET CONDITIONS FOR REGISTERS – PIC10F220/222
Address
Power-on Reset
MCLR Reset, WDT Time-out, Wake-up On Pin Change,
—
qqqq qqqu(1)
qqqq qqqu(1)
INDF
00h
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
TMR0
01h
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
PC
02h
1111 1111
1111 1111
STATUS
03h
0--1 1xxx
q00q quuu
FSR
04h
111x xxxx
111u uuuu
OSCCAL
05h
1111 1110
uuuu uuuu
GPIO
06h
---- xxxx
---- uuuu
ADCON0
07h
11-- 1100
11-- 1100
ADRES
08h
xxxx xxxx
uuuu uuuu
OPTION
—
1111 1111
1111 1111
TRIS
—
---- 1111
---- 1111
W
Legend:
Note 1:
u = unchanged, x = unknown, – = unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’, q = value depends on condition.
Bits <7:2> of W register contain oscillator calibration values due to MOVLW XX instruction at top of memory.
DS41270E-page 34
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
TABLE 8-2:
RESET CONDITION FOR SPECIAL REGISTERS
STATUS Addr: 03h
PCL Addr: 02h
Power-on Reset
0--1 1xxx
1111 1111
MCLR Reset during normal operation
0--u uuuu
1111 1111
MCLR Reset during Sleep
0--1 0uuu
1111 1111
WDT Reset during Sleep
0--0 0uuu
1111 1111
WDT Reset normal operation
0--0 uuuu
1111 1111
Wake-up from Sleep on pin change
1--1 0uuu
1111 1111
Legend: u = unchanged, x = unknown, – = unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’.
8.3.1
MCLR ENABLE
This Configuration bit, when unprogrammed (left in the
‘1’ state), enables the external MCLR function. When
programmed, the MCLR function is tied to the internal
VDD and the pin is assigned to be a I/O. See Figure 8-1.
FIGURE 8-1:
MCLR SELECT
GPWU
Weak Pull-up
GP3/MCLR/VPP
Internal MCLR
MCLRE
8.4
Power-on Reset (POR)
The PIC10F220/222 devices incorporate an on-chip
Power-on Reset (POR) circuitry, which provides an
internal chip Reset for most power-up situations.
The on-chip POR circuit holds the chip in Reset until
VDD has reached a high enough level for proper operation. To take advantage of the internal POR, program
the GP3/MCLR/VPP pin as MCLR and tie through a
resistor to VDD, or program the pin as GP3. An internal
weak pull-up resistor is implemented using a transistor
(refer to Table 10-1 for the pull-up resistor ranges). This
will eliminate external RC components usually needed
to create a Power-on Reset.
When the devices start normal operation (exit the
Reset condition), device operating parameters (voltage, frequency, temperature,...) must be met to ensure
operation. If these conditions are not met, the devices
must be held in Reset until the operating parameters
are met.
The Power-on Reset circuit and the Device Reset
Timer (see Section 8.5 “Device Reset Timer (DRT)”)
circuit are closely related. On power-up, the Reset latch
is set and the DRT is reset. The DRT timer begins
counting once it detects MCLR to be high. After the
time-out period, which is typically 1.125 ms, it will reset
the Reset latch and thus end the on-chip Reset signal.
A power-up example where MCLR is held low is shown
in Figure 8-3. VDD is allowed to rise and stabilize before
bringing MCLR high. The chip will actually come out of
Reset TDRT msec after MCLR goes high.
In Figure 8-4, the on-chip Power-on Reset feature is
being used (MCLR and VDD are tied together or the pin
is programmed to be GP3). The VDD is stable before
the Start-up timer times out and there is no problem in
getting a proper Reset. However, Figure 8-5 depicts a
problem situation where VDD rises too slowly. The time
between when the DRT senses that MCLR is high and
when MCLR and VDD actually reach their full value, is
too long. In this situation, when the start-up timer times
out, VDD has not reached the VDD (min) value and the
chip may not function correctly. For such situations, we
recommend that external RC circuits be used to
achieve longer POR delay times (Figure 8-4).
Note:
When the devices start normal operation
(exit the Reset condition), device operating parameters (voltage, frequency, temperature, etc.) must be met to ensure
proper operation. If these conditions are
not met, the device must be held in Reset
until the operating conditions are met.
For additional information on design considerations
related to the use of PIC10F220/222 devices with their
short device Reset timer, refer to Application Notes
AN522, “Power-Up Considerations” (DS00522) and
AN607, “Power-up Trouble Shooting” (DS00607).
A simplified block diagram of the on-chip Power-on
Reset circuit is shown in Figure 8-2.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 35
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 8-2:
SIMPLIFIED BLOCK DIAGRAM OF ON-CHIP RESET CIRCUIT
VDD
Power-up
Detect
POR (Power-on
Reset)
GP3/MCLR/VPP
MCLR Reset
MCLRE
WDT Reset
WDT Time-out
Pin Change
Sleep
S
Q
R
Q
Start-up Timer
1.125 ms
CHIP Reset
Wake-up on pin Change Reset
FIGURE 8-3:
TIME-OUT SEQUENCE ON POWER-UP (MCLR PULLED LOW)
VDD
MCLR
Internal POR
TDRT
DRT Time-out
Internal Reset
FIGURE 8-4:
TIME-OUT SEQUENCE ON POWER-UP (MCLR TIED TO VDD): FAST VDD RISE
TIME
VDD
MCLR
Internal POR
TDRT
DRT Time-out
Internal Reset
DS41270E-page 36
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
TIME-OUT SEQUENCE ON POWER-UP (MCLR TIED TO VDD): SLOW VDD RISE
TIME
FIGURE 8-5:
V1
VDD
MCLR
Internal POR
TDRT
DRT Time-out
Internal Reset
Note:
When VDD rises slowly, the TDRT time-out expires long before VDD has reached its final
value. In this example, the chip will reset properly if, and only if, V1 ≥ VDD min.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 37
PIC10F220/222
8.5
Device Reset Timer (DRT)
On the PIC10F220/222 devices, the DRT runs any time
the device is powered up.
The DRT operates on an internal oscillator. The processor is kept in Reset as long as the DRT is active.
The DRT delay allows VDD to rise above VDD min. and
for the oscillator to stabilize.
The on-chip DRT keeps the devices in a Reset condition for approximately 1.125 ms after MCLR has
reached a logic high (VIH MCLR) level. Programming
GP3/MCLR/VPP as MCLR and using an external RC
network connected to the MCLR input is not required in
most cases. This allows savings in cost-sensitive and/
or space restricted applications, as well as allowing the
use of the GP3/MCLR/VPP pin as a general purpose
input.
The Device Reset Time delays will vary from chip-tochip due to VDD, temperature and process variation.
See AC parameters for details.
Reset sources are POR, MCLR, WDT time-out and
wake-up on pin change. See Section 8.9.2 “Wake-up
from Sleep”, Notes 1, 2 and 3.
TABLE 8-3:
WDT PERIOD
The WDT has a nominal time-out period of 18 ms, (with
no prescaler). If a longer time-out period is desired, a
prescaler with a division ratio of up to 1:128 can be
assigned to the WDT (under software control) by writing to the OPTION register. Thus, a time-out period of
a nominal 2.3 seconds can be realized. These periods
vary with temperature, VDD and part-to-part process
variations (see DC specs).
Under worst-case conditions (VDD = Min., Temperature
= Max., max. WDT prescaler), it may take several
seconds before a WDT time-out occurs.
8.6.2
WDT PROGRAMMING
CONSIDERATIONS
The CLRWDT instruction clears the WDT and the
postscaler, if assigned to the WDT, and prevents it from
timing out and generating a device Reset.
The SLEEP instruction resets the WDT and the
postscaler, if assigned to the WDT. This gives the
maximum Sleep time before a WDT wake-up Reset.
DRT (DEVICE RESET TIMER
PERIOD)
POR Reset
Subsequent Resets
1.125 ms (typical)
10 μs (typical)
8.6
8.6.1
Watchdog Timer (WDT)
The Watchdog Timer (WDT) is a free running on-chip
RC oscillator, which does not require any external
components. This RC oscillator is separate from the
internal 4/8 MHz oscillator. This means that the WDT
will run even if the main processor clock has been
stopped, for example, by execution of a SLEEP instruction. During normal operation or Sleep, a WDT Reset or
wake-up Reset, generates a device Reset.
The TO bit (STATUS<4>) will be cleared upon a
Watchdog Timer Reset.
The WDT can be permanently disabled by programming the configuration WDTE as a ‘0’ (see Section 8.1
“Configuration Bits”). Refer to the PIC10F220/222
Programming Specification to determine how to access
the Configuration Word.
DS41270E-page 38
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 8-6:
WATCHDOG TIMER BLOCK DIAGRAM
From Timer0 Clock Source
(Figure 6-5)
0
M
U
X
1
Watchdog
Timer
Postscaler
3
8-to-1 MUX
PS<2:0>
PSA
WDT Enable
Configuration
Bit
To Timer0 (Figure 6-4)
0
1
MUX
PSA
WDT Time-out
Note 1:
TABLE 8-4:
Address
N/A
T0CS, T0SE, PSA, PS<2:0> are bits in the OPTION register.
SUMMARY OF REGISTERS ASSOCIATED WITH THE WATCHDOG TIMER
Name
OPTION
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1 Bit 0
GPWU
GPPU
T0CS
T0SE
PSA
PS2
PS1
PS0
Value on
Power-On
Reset
Value on
All Other
Resets
1111 1111
1111 1111
Legend: Shaded boxes = Not used by Watchdog Timer, – = unimplemented, read as ‘0’, u = unchanged.
8.7
Time-out Sequence, Power-down
and Wake-up from Sleep Status
Bits (TO/PD/GPWUF/CWUF)
The TO, PD and GPWUF bits in the STATUS register
can be tested to determine if a Reset condition has
been caused by a Power-up condition, a MCLR,
Watchdog Timer (WDT) Reset or wake-up on pin
change.
TABLE 8-5:
TO/PD/GPWUF STATUS AFTER RESET
GPWUF
TO
PD
Reset Caused By
0
0
0
WDT wake-up from Sleep
0
0
u
WDT time-out (not from Sleep)
0
1
0
MCLR wake-up from Sleep
0
1
1
Power-up
0
u
u
MCLR not during Sleep
1
1
0
Wake-up from Sleep on pin change
Legend: u = unchanged, x = unknown, – = unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’, q = value depends on condition.
Note 1: The TO, PD and GPWUF bits maintain their status (u) until a Reset occurs. A low-pulse on the MCLR
input does not change the TO, PD or GPWUF Status bits.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 39
PIC10F220/222
8.8
FIGURE 8-9:
Reset on Brown-out
A Brown-out is a condition where device power (VDD)
dips below its minimum value, but not to zero, and then
recovers. The device should be reset in the event of a
Brown-out.
BROWN-OUT
PROTECTION CIRCUIT 3
VDD
MCP809
VSS
To reset PIC10F220/222 devices when a Brown-out
occurs, external Brown-out protection circuits may be
built, as shown in Figure 8-7 and Figure 8-8.
Bypass
Capacitor
VDD
VDD
RST
MCLR(2)
PIC10F22X
FIGURE 8-7:
BROWN-OUT
PROTECTION CIRCUIT 1
Note 1:
VDD
VDD
33k
10k
Q1
MCLR(2)
2:
PIC10F22X
8.9
40k(1)
This Brown-out Protection circuit employs
Microchip Technology’s MCP809 microcontroller supervisor. There are 7 different
trip point selections to accommodate 5V to
3V systems.
Pin must be configured as MCLR.
Power-down Mode (Sleep)
A device may be powered down (Sleep) and later
powered up (wake-up from Sleep).
Note 1:
2:
This circuit will activate Reset when VDD goes
below Vz + 0.7V (where Vz = Zener voltage).
Pin must be configured as MCLR.
FIGURE 8-8:
BROWN-OUT
PROTECTION CIRCUIT 2
VDD
VDD
R1
Q1
R2
Note 1:
PIC10F22X
40k(1)
SLEEP
The Power-Down mode is entered by executing a
SLEEP instruction.
If enabled, the Watchdog Timer will be cleared but
keeps running, the TO bit (STATUS<4>) is set, the PD
bit (STATUS<3>) is cleared and the oscillator driver is
turned off. The I/O ports maintain the status they had
before the SLEEP instruction was executed (driving
high, driving low or high-impedance).
Note:
A Reset generated by a WDT time-out
does not drive the MCLR pin low.
For lowest current consumption while powered down,
the T0CKI input should be at VDD or VSS and the GP3/
MCLR/VPP pin must be at a logic high level if MCLR is
enabled.
This brown-out circuit is less expensive,
although less accurate. Transistor Q1 turns
off when VDD is below a certain level such
that:
R1
VDD •
2:
MCLR(2)
8.9.1
R1 + R2
= 0.7V
Pin must be configured as MCLR.
DS41270E-page 40
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
8.9.2
WAKE-UP FROM SLEEP
The device can wake-up from Sleep through one of the
following events:
1.
2.
3.
An external Reset input on GP3/MCLR/VPP pin,
when configured as MCLR.
A Watchdog Timer Time-out Reset (if WDT was
enabled).
A change on input pin GP0, GP1 or GP3 when
wake-up on change is enabled.
These events cause a device Reset. The TO, PD
GPWUF bits can be used to determine the cause of a
device Reset. The TO bit is cleared if a WDT time-out
occurred (and caused wake-up). The PD bit, which is
set on power-up, is cleared when SLEEP is invoked.
The GPWUF bit indicates a change in state while in
Sleep at pins GP0, GP1 or GP3 (since the last file or bit
operation on GP port).
Caution: Right before entering Sleep, read the
input pins. When in Sleep, wake up
occurs when the values at the pins
change from the state they were in at the
last reading. If a wake-up on change
occurs and the pins are not read before
re-entering Sleep, a wake-up will occur
immediately even if no pins change
while in Sleep mode.
Note:
8.10
In-Circuit Serial Programming™
The PIC10F220/222 microcontrollers can be serially
programmed while in the end application circuit. This is
simply done with two lines for clock and data, and three
other lines for power, ground and the programming
voltage. This allows customers to manufacture boards
with unprogrammed devices and then program the
microcontroller just before shipping the product. This
also allows the most recent firmware, or a custom
firmware, to be programmed.
The devices are placed into a Program/Verify mode by
holding the GP1 and GP0 pins low while raising the
MCLR (VPP) pin from VIL to VIHH (see programming
specification). GP1 becomes the programming clock
and GP0 becomes the programming data. Both GP1
and GP0 are Schmitt Trigger inputs in this mode.
After Reset, a 6-bit command is then supplied to the
device. Depending on the command, 16 bits of program
data are then supplied to or from the device, depending
if the command was a Load or a Read. For complete
details of serial programming, please refer to the
PIC10F220/222 Programming Specifications.
A typical In-Circuit Serial Programming connection is
shown in Figure 8-10.
FIGURE 8-10:
The WDT is cleared when the device
wakes from Sleep, regardless of the wakeup source.
Program Verification/Code
Protection
If the Code Protection bit has not been programmed,
the on-chip program memory can be read out for
verification purposes.
The first 64 locations and the last location (Reset
Vector) can be read, regardless of the code protection
bit setting.
8.11
8.12
External
Connector
Signals
TYPICAL IN-CIRCUIT
SERIAL
PROGRAMMING™
CONNECTION
To Normal
Connections
PIC10F22X
+5V
VDD
0V
VSS
VPP
MCLR/VPP
CLK
GP1
Data I/O
GP0
ID Locations
Four memory locations are designated as ID locations
where the user can store checksum or other code
identification numbers. These locations are not
accessible during normal execution, but are readable
and writable during program/verify.
VDD
To Normal
Connections
Use only the lower 4 bits of the ID locations and always
program the upper 8 bits as ‘1’s.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 41
PIC10F220/222
NOTES:
DS41270E-page 42
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
9.0
INSTRUCTION SET SUMMARY
The PIC16 instruction set is highly orthogonal and is
comprised of three basic categories.
• Byte-oriented operations
• Bit-oriented operations
• Literal and control operations
Each PIC16 instruction is a 12-bit word divided into an
opcode, which specifies the instruction type, and one
or more operands which further specify the operation
of the instruction. The formats for each of the categories is presented in Figure 9-1, while the various
opcode fields are summarized in Table 9-1.
For byte-oriented instructions, ‘f’ represents a file register designator and ‘d’ represents a destination designator. The file register designator specifies which file
register is to be used by the instruction.
The destination designator specifies where the result of
the operation is to be placed. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the result is
placed in the W register. If ‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is placed
in the file register specified in the instruction.
For bit-oriented instructions, ‘b’ represents a bit field
designator which selects the number of the bit affected
by the operation, while ‘f’ represents the number of the
file in which the bit is located.
For literal and control operations, ‘k’ represents an
8 or 9-bit constant or literal value.
TABLE 9-1:
Description
Register file address (0x00 to 0x7F)
W
Working register (accumulator)
b
Bit address within an 8-bit file register
k
Literal field, constant data or label
x
Don’t care location (= 0 or 1)
The assembler will generate code with x = 0. It is the
recommended form of use for compatibility with all
Microchip software tools.
d
Destination select;
d = 0 (store result in W)
d = 1 (store result in file register ‘f’)
Default is d = 1
label
TOS
PC
WDT
TO
Byte-oriented file register operations
11
6
OPCODE
5
d
4
0
f (FILE #)
d = 0 for destination W
d = 1 for destination f
f = 5-bit file register address
Bit-oriented file register operations
11
OPCODE
8 7
5 4
b (BIT #)
0
f (FILE #)
b = 3-bit address
f = 5-bit file register address
Literal and control operations (except GOTO)
11
8
7
OPCODE
0
k (literal)
k = 8-bit immediate value
Literal and control operations – GOTO instruction
11
9
8
OPCODE
0
k (literal)
k = 9-bit immediate value
Watchdog Timer counter
Time-out bit
Power-down bit
[
]
Options
(
)
Contents
italics
GENERAL FORMAT FOR
INSTRUCTIONS
Top-of-Stack
Destination, either the W register or the specified
register file location
∈
FIGURE 9-1:
Program Counter
dest
< >
‘0xhhh’
where ‘h’ signifies a hexadecimal digit.
Label name
PD
→
Figure 9-1 shows the three general formats that the
instructions can have. All examples in the figure use
the following format to represent a hexadecimal
number:
OPCODE FIELD
DESCRIPTIONS
Field
f
All instructions are executed within a single instruction
cycle, unless a conditional test is true or the program
counter is changed as a result of an instruction. In this
case, the execution takes two instruction cycles. One
instruction cycle consists of four oscillator periods.
Thus, for an oscillator frequency of 4 MHz, the normal
instruction execution time is 1 μs. If a conditional test is
true or the program counter is changed as a result of an
instruction, the instruction execution time is 2 μs.
Assigned to
Register bit field
In the set of
User defined term (font is courier)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 43
PIC10F220/222
TABLE 9-2:
INSTRUCTION SET SUMMARY
Mnemonic,
Operands
ADDWF
ANDWF
CLRF
CLRW
COMF
DECF
DECFSZ
INCF
INCFSZ
IORWF
MOVF
MOVWF
NOP
RLF
RRF
SUBWF
SWAPF
XORWF
BCF
BSF
BTFSC
BTFSS
ANDLW
CALL
CLRWDT
GOTO
IORLW
MOVLW
OPTION
RETLW
SLEEP
TRIS
XORLW
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
Description
Cycles
12-Bit Opcode
MSb
LSb
Status
Notes
Affected
0001 11df ffff C,DC,Z
1,2,4
Add W and f
1
0001 01df ffff
Z
2,4
AND W with f
1
0000 011f ffff
Z
4
Clear f
1
0000 0100 0000
Z
Clear W
1
0010 01df ffff
Z
Complement f
1
0000 11df ffff
Z
2,4
Decrement f
1
0010 11df ffff
None
2,4
Decrement f, Skip if 0
1(2)
1
0010 10df ffff
Z
2,4
Increment f
1(2)
0011 11df ffff
None
2,4
Increment f, Skip if 0
1
0001 00df ffff
Z
2,4
Inclusive OR W with f
1
0010 00df ffff
Z
2,4
Move f
1
0000 001f ffff
None
1,4
Move W to f
1
0000 0000 0000
None
No Operation
1
0011 01df ffff
C
Rotate left f through Carry
2,4
1
0011 00df ffff
C
Rotate right f through Carry
2,4
1
0000 10df ffff C,DC,Z
Subtract W from f
1,2,4
1
0011 10df ffff
None
Swap f
2,4
1
0001 10df ffff
Z
Exclusive OR W with f
2,4
BIT-ORIENTED FILE REGISTER OPERATIONS
0100 bbbf ffff
None
2,4
f, b
Bit Clear f
1
0101 bbbf ffff
None
2,4
f, b
Bit Set f
1
0110 bbbf ffff
None
f, b
Bit Test f, Skip if Clear
1(2)
0111 bbbf ffff
1(2)
None
f, b
Bit Test f, Skip if Set
LITERAL AND CONTROL OPERATIONS
k
AND literal with W
1
1110 kkkk kkkk
Z
k
Call subroutine
2
1001 kkkk kkkk
1
None
k
Clear Watchdog Timer
1
0000 0000 0100 TO, PD
k
Unconditional branch
2
101k kkkk kkkk
None
k
Inclusive OR Literal with W
1101 kkkk kkkk
1
Z
k
Move Literal to W
1100 kkkk kkkk
1
None
–
Load OPTION register
0000 0000 0010
None
1
k
Return, place Literal in W
1000 kkkk kkkk
None
2
–
Go into standby mode
0000 0000 0011 TO, PD
1
f
Load TRIS register
0000 0000 0fff
None
3
1
k
Exclusive OR Literal to W
1111 kkkk kkkk
Z
1
The 9th bit of the program counter will be forced to a ‘0’ by any instruction that writes to the PC except for
GOTO. See Section 4.7 “Program Counter”.
When an I/O register is modified as a function of itself (e.g., MOVF PORTB, 1), the value used will be that
value present on the pins themselves. For example, if the data latch is ‘1’ for a pin configured as input and
is driven low by an external device, the data will be written back with a ‘0’.
The instruction TRIS f, where f = 6 causes the contents of the W register to be written to the tri-state
latches of PORTB. A ‘1’ forces the pin to a high-impedance state and disables the output buffers.
If this instruction is executed on the TMR0 register (and, where applicable, d = 1), the prescaler will be
cleared (if assigned to TMR0).
f, d
f, d
f
–
f, d
f, d
f, d
f, d
f, d
f, d
f, d
f
–
f, d
f, d
f, d
f, d
f, d
DS41270E-page 44
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
9.1
Instruction Description
ADDWF
Add W and f
BCF
Syntax:
[ label ] ADDWF
Syntax:
[ label ] BCF
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
0≤b≤7
Operation:
(W) + (f) → (destination)
Operation:
0 → (f<b>)
Status Affected: C, DC, Z
Status Affected:
None
Description:
Description:
Bit ‘b’ in register ‘f’ is cleared.
BSF
Bit Set f
Syntax:
[ label ] BSF
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
0≤b≤7
Status Affected: Z
Operation:
1 → (f<b>)
Description:
The contents of the W register are
AND’ed with the eight-bit literal ‘k’.
The result is placed in the W
register.
Status Affected:
None
ANDWF
AND W with f
BTFSC
Syntax:
[ label ] ANDWF
Operands:
Operation:
ANDLW
Syntax:
f,d
Bit Clear f
Add the contents of the W register
and register ‘f’. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the result
is stored in the W register. If ‘d’ is
‘1’, the result is stored back in
register ‘f’.
AND literal with W
[ label ] ANDLW
k
Operands:
0 ≤ k ≤ 255
Operation:
(W).AND. (k) → (W)
f,b
f,b
Description: Bit ‘b’ in register ‘f’ is set.
Bit Test f, Skip if Clear
Syntax:
[ label ] BTFSC f,b
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
0≤b≤7
(W) AND (f) → (destination)
Operation:
skip if (f<b>) = 0
Status Affected: Z
Status Affected:
None
Description:
Description:
If bit ‘b’ in register ‘f’ is ‘0’, then the
next instruction is skipped.
If bit ‘b’ is ‘0’, then the next instruction fetched during the current
instruction execution is discarded,
and a NOP is executed instead,
making this a two-cycle instruction.
f,d
The contents of the W register are
AND’ed with register ‘f’. If ‘d’ is ‘0’,
the result is stored in the W register.
If ‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is stored back
in register ‘f’.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 45
PIC10F220/222
BTFSS
Bit Test f, Skip if Set
CLRW
Syntax:
[ label ] BTFSS f,b
Syntax:
[ label ] CLRW
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
0≤b<7
Operands:
None
Operation:
00h → (W);
1→Z
Operands:
Clear W
Operation:
skip if (f<b>) = 1
Status Affected:
None
Status Affected:
Z
Description:
If bit ‘b’ in register ‘f’ is ‘1’, then the
next instruction is skipped.
If bit ‘b’ is ‘1’, then the next instruction fetched during the current
instruction execution, is discarded
and a NOP is executed instead,
making this a two-cycle instruction.
Description:
The W register is cleared. Zero bit
(Z) is set.
CALL
Subroutine Call
CLRWDT
Clear Watchdog Timer
Syntax:
[ label ] CALL k
Syntax:
[ label ] CLRWDT k
None
Operands:
0 ≤ k ≤ 255
Operands:
Operation:
(PC) + 1→ Top of Stack;
k → PC<7:0>;
(Status<6:5>) → PC<10:9>;
0 → PC<8>
Operation:
00h → WDT;
0 → WDT prescaler (if assigned);
1 → TO;
1 → PD
Status Affected:
None
Status Affected:
TO, PD
Description:
Subroutine call. First, return
address (PC + 1) is pushed onto
the stack. The eight-bit immediate
address is loaded into PC bits
<7:0>. The upper bits PC<10:9>
are loaded from STATUS<6:5>,
PC<8> is cleared. CALL is a twocycle instruction.
Description:
The CLRWDT instruction resets the
WDT. It also resets the prescaler, if
the prescaler is assigned to the
WDT and not Timer0. Status bits
TO and PD are set.
CLRF
Clear f
COMF
Complement f
Syntax:
[ label ] CLRF
Syntax:
[ label ] COMF
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
Operands:
Operation:
00h → (f);
1→Z
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operation:
(f) → (dest)
Status Affected:
Z
Status Affected:
Z
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are
cleared and the Z bit is set.
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are
complemented. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the
result is stored in the W register. If
‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is stored back in
register ‘f’.
DS41270E-page 46
f
f,d
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
DECF
Decrement f
INCF
Syntax:
[ label ] DECF f,d
Syntax:
[ label ]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operation:
(f) – 1 → (dest)
Operation:
(f) + 1 → (dest)
Status Affected:
Z
Status Affected:
Z
Description:
Decrement register ‘f’. If ‘d’ is ‘0’,
the result is stored in the W
register. If ‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is
stored back in register ‘f’.
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are
incremented. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the result
is placed in the W register. If ‘d’ is
‘1’, the result is placed back in
register ‘f’.
DECFSZ
Decrement f, Skip if 0
INCFSZ
Increment f, Skip if 0
Syntax:
[ label ] DECFSZ f,d
Syntax:
[ label ]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operation:
(f) – 1 → d;
Operation:
(f) + 1 → (dest), skip if result = 0
Status Affected:
None
Status Affected:
None
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are decremented. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the result is
placed in the W register. If ‘d’ is ‘1’,
the result is placed back in register
‘f’.
If the result is ‘0’, the next instruction, which is already fetched, is
discarded and a NOP is executed
instead making it a two-cycle
instruction.
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are
incremented. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the result
is placed in the W register. If ‘d’ is
‘1’, the result is placed back in
register ‘f’.
If the result is ‘0’, then the next
instruction, which is already
fetched, is discarded and a NOP is
executed instead making it a twocycle instruction.
GOTO
Unconditional Branch
IORLW
Inclusive OR literal with W
Syntax:
[ label ]
Syntax:
[ label ]
Operands:
0 ≤ k ≤ 511
Operands:
0 ≤ k ≤ 255
Operation:
k → PC<8:0>;
STATUS<6:5> → PC<10:9>
Operation:
(W) .OR. (k) → (W)
Status Affected:
Z
Status Affected:
None
Description:
Description:
GOTO is an unconditional branch.
The 9-bit immediate value is
loaded into PC bits <8:0>. The
upper bits of PC are loaded from
STATUS<6:5>. GOTO is a twocycle instruction.
The contents of the W register are
OR’ed with the eight-bit literal ‘k’.
The result is placed in the W
register.
skip if result = 0
GOTO k
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Increment f
INCF f,d
INCFSZ f,d
IORLW k
DS41270E-page 47
PIC10F220/222
IORWF
Inclusive OR W with f
MOVWF
Syntax:
[ label ]
Syntax:
[ label ]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
(W).OR. (f) → (dest)
Operation:
(W) → (f)
Operation:
Status Affected:
None
Status Affected:
Z
Description:
Description:
Inclusive OR the W register with
register ‘f’. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the result is
placed in the W register. If ‘d’ is ‘1’,
the result is placed back in register
‘f’.
Move data from the W register to
register ‘f’.
MOVF
Move f
NOP
No Operation
Syntax:
[ label ]
Syntax:
[ label ]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
None
Operation:
No operation
Status Affected:
None
Description:
No operation.
IORWF
f,d
MOVF f,d
Move W to f
MOVWF
f
NOP
Operation:
(f) → (dest)
Status Affected:
Z
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are
moved to destination ‘d’. If ‘d’ is ‘0’,
destination is the W register. If ‘d’
is ‘1’, the destination is file register
‘f’. ‘d’ = 1 is useful as a test of a file
register, since status flag Z is
affected.
MOVLW
Move Literal to W
OPTION
Load OPTION Register
Syntax:
[ label ]
Syntax:
[ label ]
Operands:
0 ≤ k ≤ 255
Operands:
None
Operation:
k → (W)
Operation:
(W) → OPTION
Status Affected:
None
Status Affected:
None
Description:
The content of the W register is
loaded into the OPTION register.
Description:
DS41270E-page 48
MOVLW k
The eight-bit literal ‘k’ is loaded
into the W register. The “don’t
cares” will assembled as ‘0’s.
OPTION
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
RETLW
Return with Literal in W
SLEEP
Enter SLEEP Mode
Syntax:
[ label ]
Syntax:
[label]
Operands:
0 ≤ k ≤ 255
Operands:
None
Operation:
k → (W);
TOS → PC
Operation:
Status Affected:
None
Description:
The W register is loaded with the
eight-bit literal ‘k’. The program
counter is loaded from the top of
the stack (the return address). This
is a two-cycle instruction.
00h → WDT;
0 → WDT prescaler;
1 → TO;
0 → PD
Status Affected:
TO, PD, RBWUF
Description:
Time-out Status bit (TO) is set. The
Power-down Status bit (PD) is
cleared.
RBWUF is unaffected.
The WDT and its prescaler are
cleared.
The processor is put into Sleep
mode with the oscillator stopped.
See section on Sleep for more
details.
RETLW k
SLEEP
RLF
Rotate Left f through Carry
SUBWF
Subtract W from f
Syntax:
[ label ]
Syntax:
[label]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operation:
See description below
Operation:
(f) – (W) → (dest)
Status Affected:
C
Status Affected:
C, DC, Z
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are
rotated one bit to the left through
the Carry Flag. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the
result is placed in the W register. If
‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is stored back in
register ‘f’.
Description:
Subtract (2’s complement method)
the W register from register ‘f’. If ‘d’
is ‘0’, the result is stored in the W
register. If ‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is
stored back in register ‘f’.
RLF
f,d
SUBWF f,d
register ‘f’
C
RRF
Rotate Right f through Carry
SWAPF
Swap Nibbles in f
Syntax:
[ label ]
Syntax:
[label]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operation:
See description below
Operation:
Status Affected:
C
(f<3:0>) → (dest<7:4>);
(f<7:4>) → (dest<3:0>)
Description:
The contents of register ‘f’ are
rotated one bit to the right through
the Carry Flag. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the
result is placed in the W register. If
‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is placed back
in register ‘f’.
Status Affected:
None
Description:
The upper and lower nibbles of
register ‘f’ are exchanged. If ‘d’ is
‘0’, the result is placed in W
register. If ‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is
placed in register ‘f’.
RRF f,d
C
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
SWAPF f,d
register ‘f’
DS41270E-page 49
PIC10F220/222
TRIS
Load TRIS Register
Syntax:
[ label ] TRIS
f
Operands:
f=6
Operation:
(W) → TRIS register f
Status Affected:
None
Description:
TRIS register ‘f’ (f = 6 or 7) is
loaded with the contents of the W
register
XORLW
Exclusive OR literal with W
Syntax:
[label]
Operands:
0 ≤ k ≤ 255
Operation:
(W) .XOR. k → (W)
Status Affected:
Z
Description:
The contents of the W register are
XOR’ed with the eight-bit literal ‘k’.
The result is placed in the W
register.
XORLW k
XORWF
Exclusive OR W with f
Syntax:
[ label ] XORWF
Operands:
0 ≤ f ≤ 31
d ∈ [0,1]
Operation:
(W) .XOR. (f) → (dest)
Status Affected:
Z
Description:
Exclusive OR the contents of the
W register with register ‘f’. If ‘d’ is
‘0’, the result is stored in the W
register. If ‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is
stored back in register ‘f’.
DS41270E-page 50
f,d
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
10.0
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Absolute Maximum Ratings(†)
Ambient temperature under bias.............................................................................................................-40°C to +125°C
Storage temperature ...............................................................................................................................-65°C to +150°C
Voltage on VDD with respect to VSS ..................................................................................................................0 to +6.5V
Voltage on MCLR with respect to VSS.............................................................................................................0 to +13.5V
Voltage on all other pins with respect to VSS .................................................................................. -0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V)
Total power dissipation(1) .....................................................................................................................................800 mW
Max. current out of VSS pin .....................................................................................................................................80 mA
Max. current into VDD pin ........................................................................................................................................80 mA
Input clamp current, IIK (VI < 0 or VI > VDD)...................................................................................................................... ±20 mA
Output clamp current, IOK (VO < 0 or VO > VDD) .............................................................................................................. ±20 mA
Max. output current sunk by any I/O pin .................................................................................................................25 mA
Max. output current sourced by any I/O pin ............................................................................................................25 mA
Max. output current sourced by I/O port .................................................................................................................75 mA
Max. output current sunk by I/O port ......................................................................................................................75 mA
Note 1: Power dissipation is calculated as follows: PDIS = VDD x {IDD – ∑ IOH} + ∑ {(VDD – VOH) x IOH} .. + ∑(VOL x
IOL)
†NOTICE:
Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the
device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at those or any other conditions above
those indicated in the operation listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions
for extended periods may affect device reliability.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 51
PIC10F220/222
VOLTAGE-FREQUENCY GRAPH, -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C
FIGURE 10-1:
6.0
5.5
5.0
VDD
(Volts)
4.5
4.0
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
0
4
8
10
20
25
Frequency (MHz)
DS41270E-page 52
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
10.1
DC Characteristics: PIC10F220/222 (Industrial)
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified)
Operating Temperature -40×C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C (industrial)
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Sym
Characteristic
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
D001
VDD
Supply Voltage
2.0
5.5
V
See Figure 10-1
D002
VDR
RAM Data Retention Voltage(2)
1.5*
—
—
V
Device in Sleep mode
D003
VPOR
VDD Start Voltage
to ensure Power-on Reset
—
Vss
—
V
D004
SVDD
VDD Rise Rate
to ensure Power-on Reset
0.05*
—
—
V/ms
—
—
—
—
175
0.625
250
0.800
275
1.1
400
1.5
—
—
0.1
1
—
—
1.0
7
IDD
Supply Current(3)
D010
IPD
2:
3:
4:
1.2
2.4
μA
μA
VDD = 2.0V
VDD = 5.0V
3
16
μA
μA
VDD = 2.0V
VDD = 5.0V
μA
WDT Current(4)
D022
*
Note 1:
mA
VDD = 2.0V, Fosc = 4 MHz
VDD = 5.0V, Fosc = 4 MHz
VDD = 2.0V, Fosc = 8 MHz
VDD = 5.0V, Fosc = 8 MHz
Power-down Current(4)
D020
IWDT
μA
mA
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
Data in the Typical (“Typ”) column is based on characterization results at 25°C. This data is for design guidance only
and is not tested.
This is the limit to which VDD can be lowered in Sleep mode without losing RAM data.
The supply current is mainly a function of the operating voltage and frequency. Other factors such as bus loading, bus
rate, internal code execution pattern and temperature also have an impact on the current consumption.
a) The test conditions for all IDD measurements in active operation mode are:
All I/O pins tri-stated, pulled to VSS, T0CKI = VDD, MCLR = VDD; WDT enabled/disabled as specified.
b) For standby current measurements, the conditions are the same, except that the device is in Sleep mode.
Power-down current is measured with the part in Sleep mode, with all I/O pins in high-impedance state and tied to VDD
or VSS. The peripheral current is the sum of the base IPD and the additional current consumed when the peripheral is
enabled.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 53
PIC10F220/222
10.2
DC Characteristics: PIC10F220/222 (Extended)
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified)
Operating Temperature -40×C £ TA £ +125×C (extended)
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Sym
Characteristic
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
D001
VDD
Supply Voltage
2.0
5.5
V
See Figure 10-1
D002
VDR
RAM Data Retention Voltage(2)
1.5*
—
V
Device in Sleep mode
D003
VPOR
VDD Start Voltage
to ensure Power-on Reset
V
IDD
D022
*
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
—
—
—
—
—
175
0.625
250
0.800
275
1.1
400
1.5
—
—
0.1
1
—
—
1.0
7
μA
mA
VDD = 2.0V, Fosc = 4 MHz
VDD = 5.0V, Fosc = 4 MHz
VDD = 2.0V, Fosc = 8 MHz
VDD = 5.0V, Fosc = 8 MHz
9
15
μA
μA
VDD = 2.0V
VDD = 5.0V
18
22
μA
μA
VDD = 2.0V
VDD = 5.0V
mA
μA
Power-down Current(4)
D020
IWDT
Vss
Supply Current(3)
D010
IPD
—
WDT Current(4)
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
Data in the Typical (“Typ”) column is based on characterization results at 25°C. This data is for design guidance only
and is not tested.
This is the limit to which VDD can be lowered in Sleep mode without losing RAM data.
The supply current is mainly a function of the operating voltage and frequency. Other factors such as bus loading, bus
rate, internal code execution pattern and temperature also have an impact on the current consumption.
a) The test conditions for all IDD measurements in active operation mode are:
All I/O pins tri-stated, pulled to VSS, T0CKI = VDD, MCLR = VDD; WDT enabled/disabled as specified.
b) For standby current measurements, the conditions are the same, except that the device is in Sleep mode.
Power-down current is measured with the part in Sleep mode, with all I/O pins in high-impedance state and tied to VDD
or VSS. The peripheral current is the sum of the base IPD and the additional current consumed when the peripheral is
enabled.
DS41270E-page 54
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
10.3
DC Characteristics: PIC10F220/222 (Industrial, Extended)
DC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Sym
VIL
Characteristic
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified)
Operating temperature
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C (industrial)
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C (extended)
Operating voltage VDD range as described in DC specification
Min
Typ†
Max
Units
Conditions
Input Low Voltage
I/O ports:
D030
with TTL buffer
D030A
D031
with Schmitt Trigger
buffer
D032
MCLR, T0CKI
VIH
Vss
—
0.8
V
For all 4.5 ≤ VDD ≤ 5.5V
Vss
—
0.15 VDD
V
Otherwise
Vss
—
0.2 VDD
V
Vss
—
0.2 VDD
V
2.0
—
VDD
V
4.5 ≤ VDD ≤ 5.5V
0.25 VDD + 0.8
—
VDD
V
Otherwise
0.8VDD
—
VDD
V
For entire VDD range
0.8VDD
—
VDD
V
50
250
400
μA
VDD = 5V, VPIN = VSS
Input High Voltage
I/O ports:
D040
with TTL buffer
D040A
D041
with Schmitt Trigger
buffer
MCLR, T0CKI
D042
D070
IPUR
IIL
GPIO weak pull-up current
—
Input Leakage Current(1)
D060
I/O ports
—
±0.1
±1
μA
Vss ≤ VPIN ≤ VDD, Pin at high-impedance
D061
GP3/MCLR(2)
—
±0.7
±5
μA
Vss ≤ VPIN ≤ VDD
—
—
0.6
V
IOL = 8.5 mA, VDD = 4.5V, -40°C to
+85°C
—
—
0.6
V
IOL = 7.0 mA, VDD = 4.5V, -40°C to
+125°C
VDD – 0.7
—
—
V
IOH = -3.0 mA, VDD = 4.5V, -40°C to
+85°C
VDD – 0.7
—
—
V
IOH = -2.5 mA, VDD = 4.5V, -40°C to
+125°C
—
50*
pF
Output Low Voltage
D080
I/O ports
D080A
Output High Voltage
I/O ports(2)
D090
D090A
Capacitive Loading Specs on Output Pins
D101
All I/O pins
†
*
Note 1:
2:
—
Data in “Typ” column is at 5V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design guidance only and are not
tested.
These parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested.
Negative current is defined as coming out of the pin.
This specification applies when GP3/MCLR is configured as an input with pull-up disabled. The leakage current of the
MCLR circuit is higher than the standard I/O logic.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 55
PIC10F220/222
TABLE 10-1:
VDD (Volts)
GP0/GP1
2.0
5.5
GP3
2.0
5.5
DS41270E-page 56
PULL-UP RESISTOR RANGES
Temperature (°C)
Min
Typ
Max
Units
-40
25
85
125
-40
25
85
125
73K
73K
82K
86K
15K
15K
19K
23K
105K
113K
123K
132k
21K
22K
26k
29K
186K
187K
190K
190K
33K
34K
35K
35K
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
-40
25
85
125
-40
25
85
125
63K
77K
82K
86K
16K
16K
24K
26K
81K
93K
96k
100K
20k
21K
25k
27K
96K
116K
116K
119K
22K
23K
28K
29K
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
Ω
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
10.4
Timing Parameter Symbology and Load Conditions
The timing parameter symbols have been created following one of the following formats:
1. TppS2ppS
2. TppS
T
F Frequency
T Time
Lowercase subscripts (pp) and their meanings:
pp
2
to
mc
MCLR
ck
CLKOUT
osc
Oscillator
cy
Cycle time
os
OSC1
drt
Device Reset Timer
t0
T0CKI
io
I/O port
wdt
Watchdog Timer
Uppercase letters and their meanings:
S
F
Fall
P
Period
H
High
R
Rise
I
Invalid (high-impedance)
V
Valid
L
Low
Z
High-impedance
FIGURE 10-2:
LOAD CONDITIONS
Legend:
CL
pin
CL = 50 pF for all pins
VSS
TABLE 10-2:
CALIBRATED INTERNAL RC FREQUENCIES – PIC10F220/222
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified)
Operating Temperature
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C (industrial),
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C (extended)
Operating Voltage VDD range is described in
Section 10.1 “DC Characteristics: PIC10F220/222 (Industrial)”.
Param
No.
Freq.
Min
Tolerance
F10
Sym
FOSC
Characteristic
Internal Calibrated
INTOSC
Frequency(1, 2, 3)
Typ†
Max
Units
Conditions
± 1%
3.96
4.00
4.04
MHz VDD=3.5V @ 25°C
± 2%
3.92
4.00
4.08
MHz 2.5V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.5V
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C (industrial)
± 5%
3.80
4.00
4.20
MHz 2.0V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.5V
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C (industrial)
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C (extended)
† Data in the Typical (“Typ”) column is at 5V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design
guidance only and are not tested.
Note 1: To ensure these oscillator frequency tolerances, VDD and VSS must be capacitively decoupled as close to
the device as possible. 0.1 μF and 0.01 μF values in parallel are recommended.
2: Under stable VDD conditions.
3: Frequency values in this table are doubled when the 8 MHz INTOSC option is selected.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 57
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 10-3:
RESET, WATCHDOG TIMER AND DEVICE RESET TIMER TIMING
VDD
MCLR
30
Internal
POR
32
32
32
DRT
Timeout(2)
Internal
Reset
Watchdog
Timer
Reset
31
34
34
I/O pin(1)
Note 1:
2:
I/O pins must be taken out of High-impedance mode by enabling the output drivers in software.
Runs on POR Reset only.
TABLE 10-3:
RESET, WATCHDOG TIMER AND DEVICE RESET TIMER – PIC10F220/222
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified)
Operating Temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C (industrial)
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C (extended)
Operating Voltage VDD range is described in Section 10.1 “DC
Characteristics: PIC10F220/222 (Industrial)”
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
No.
Sym
Characteristic
Min
Typ(1)
Max
Units
Conditions
30
TMCL
MCLR Pulse Width (low)
2*
5*
—
—
—
—
μs
μs
VDD = 5V, -40°C to +85°C
VDD = 5.0V
31
TWDT
Watchdog Timer Time-out Period
(no prescaler)
10
10
18
18
29
31
ms
ms
VDD = 5.0V (Industrial)
VDD = 5.0V (Extended)
32
TDRT*
Device Reset Timer Period
(standard)
0.600
0.600
1.125
1.125
1.85
1.95
ms
ms
VDD = 5.0V (Industrial)
VDD = 5.0V (Extended)
34
TIOZ
I/O High-impedance from MCLR
low
—
—
2*
μs
*
Note 1:
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
Data in the Typical (“Typ”) column is at 5V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design
guidance only and are not tested.
DS41270E-page 58
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 10-4:
TIMER0 CLOCK TIMINGS
T0CKI
40
41
42
TABLE 10-4:
TIMER0 CLOCK REQUIREMENTS
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified)
Operating Temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C (industrial)
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C (extended)
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Param
Sym
No.
Characteristic
40
Tt0H
T0CKI High Pulse
Width
41
Tt0L
T0CKI Low Pulse
Width
42
Tt0P
T0CKI Period
*
Note 1:
No Prescaler
With Prescaler
No Prescaler
With Prescaler
Min
0.5 TCY + 20*
10*
0.5 TCY + 20*
10*
20 or TCY + 40* N
Typ(1) Max Units
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
Conditions
Whichever is greater.
N = Prescale Value
(1, 2, 4,..., 256)
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
Data in the Typical (“Typ”) column is at 5V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design
guidance only and are not tested.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 59
PIC10F220/222
TABLE 10-5:
A/D CONVERTER CHARACTERISTICS
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C
Param
Sym
No.
Characteristic
Min
Typ†
Max
Units
8 bits
bit
A01
NR
Resolution
—
—
A03
EIL
Integral Error
—
—
±1.5
LSb
A04
EDL
Differential Error
—
—
-1 < EDL ≤ + 1.5
LSb
A05
EFS
Full-scale Range
2.0*
—
5.5*
V
A06
EOFF
Offset Error
—
—
±1.5
LSb
Conditions
A07
EGN
Gain Error
—
—
±1.5
LSb
A10
—
Monotonicity
—
guaranteed(1)
—
—
A25
VAIN
Analog Input Voltage
VSS
—
VDD
V
A30
ZAIN
Recommended
Impedence of Analog
Voltage Source
—
—
10
kΩ
A31*
ΔIAD
A/D Conversion Current(2)
—
120
150
μA
2.0V
—
200
250
μA
5.0V
VSS ≤ VAIN ≤ VDD
* These parameters are characterized but not tested.
† Data in the “Typ” column is at 5.0V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design
guidance only are not tested.
Note 1: The A/D conversion result never decreases with an increase in the input voltage and has no missing
codes.
2: This is the additional current consumed by the A/D module when it is enabled; this current adds to base
IDD.
TABLE 10-6:
A/D CONVERSION REQUIREMENTS
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C
Param
No.
Sym
AD131 TCNV
Characteristic
Conversion Time
(not including
Acquisition Time)
AD132* TACQ Acquisition Time(1)
Min
Typ†
Max Units
Conditions
—
13
—
TCY
Set GO/DONE bit to new data in A/D
Result register
—
3.5
5
—
μs
μs
VDD = 5V
VDD = 2.5V
* These parameters are characterized but not tested.
† Data in ‘Typ’ column is at 5.0V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design guidance
only and are not tested.
Note 1: The Section 7.9 “A/D Acquisition Requirements” for information on how to compute minimum
acquisition times based on operating conditions.
DS41270E-page 60
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
11.0
DC AND AC CHARACTERISTICS GRAPHS AND TABLES.
Note:
The graphs and tables provided following this note are a statistical summary based on a limited number of
samples and are provided for informational purposes only. The performance characteristics listed herein are
not tested or guaranteed. In some graphs or tables, the data presented may be outside the specified
operating range (e.g., outside specified power supply range) and therefore, outside the warranted range.
“Typical” represents the mean of the distribution at 25°C. “Maximum” or “minimum” represents (mean + 3σ) or (mean 3σ) respectively, where s is a standard deviation, over each temperature range.
FIGURE 11-1:
IDD vs. VDD OVER FOSC (4 MHZ)
XT Mode
1,400
1,200
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
Maximum
1,000
IDD (μA)
4 MHz
800
Typical
600
4 MHz
400
200
0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 61
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 11-2:
IDD vs. VDD OVER FOSC (8 MHZ)
Typical
(Sleep Mode all Peripherals Disabled)
1,800
1,600
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
Maximum
1,400
8 MHz
IDD (μA)
1,200
1,000
Typical
800
8 MHz
600
400
200
0.0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
FIGURE 11-3:
TYPICAL IPD vs. VDD (SLEEP MODE, ALL PERIPHERALS DISABLED)
Typical
(Sleep Mode all Peripherals Disabled)
1.10
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
1.00
0.90
IPD (μA)
0.80
0.70
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
DS41270E-page 62
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 11-4:
MAXIMUM IPD vs. VDD (SLEEP MODE, ALL PERIPHERALS DISABLED)
Maximum
(Sleep Mode all Peripherals Disabled)
18.0
16.0
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
14.0
Max. 125°C
IPD (μA)
12.0
10.0
8.0
6.0
4.0
Max. 85°C
2.0
0.0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
FIGURE 11-5:
TYPICAL WDT IPD vs. VDD
9
8
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
7
IPD (μA)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 63
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 11-6:
MAXIMUM WDT IPD vs. VDD OVER TEMPERATURE
Maximum
25.0
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
20.0
IPD (μA)
Max. 125°C
15.0
10.0
Max. 85°C
5.0
0.0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
FIGURE 11-7:
WDT TIME-OUT vs. VDD OVER TEMPERATURE (NO PRESCALER)
50
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
Max. 125°C
45
40
Max. 85°C
35
Time (ms)
30
Typical. 25°C
25
20
Min. -40°C
15
10
5
0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
DS41270E-page 64
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 11-8:
VOL vs. IOL OVER TEMPERATURE (VDD = 3.0V)
(VDD = 3V, -40×C TO 125×C)
0.8
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
0.7
Max. 125°C
0.6
VOL (V)
0.5
Max. 85°C
0.4
Typical 25°C
0.3
0.2
Min. -40°C
0.1
0.0
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
IOL (mA)
FIGURE 11-9:
VOL vs. IOL OVER TEMPERATURE (VDD = 5.0V)
0.45
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Typical:
Statistical
@25×C+ 3σ
Maximum:
Mean
(Worst Mean
Case Temp)
Maximum: Meas(-40×C
+ 3 to 125×C)
(-40°C to 125°C)
0.40
Max. 125°C
0.35
Max. 85°C
VOL (V)
0.30
0.25
Typ. 25°C
0.20
0.15
Min. -40°C
0.10
0.05
0.00
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
IOL (mA)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 65
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 11-10:
VOH vs. IOH OVER TEMPERATURE (VDD = 3.0V)
3.5
3.0
Max. -40°C
Typ. 25°C
2.5
Min. 125°C
VOH (V)
2.0
1.5
1.0
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
0.5
0.0
0.0
-0.5
-1.0
-1.5
-2.0
-2.5
-3.0
-3.5
-4.0
IOH (mA)
FIGURE 11-11:
VOH vs. IOH OVER TEMPERATURE
(VDD = 5.0V)
(
,
)
5.5
5.0
Max. -40°C
Typ. 25°C
VOH (V)
4.5
Min. 125°C
4.0
3.5
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
3.0
0.0
-0.5
-1.0
-1.5
-2.0
-2.5
-3.0
-3.5
-4.0
-4.5
-5.0
IOH (mA)
DS41270E-page 66
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
FIGURE 11-12:
TTL INPUT THRESHOLD VIN vs. VDD
(TTL Input, -40×C TO 125×C)
1.7
1.5
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
Max. -40°C
VIN (V)
1.3
Typ. 25°C
1.1
Min. 125°C
0.9
0.7
0.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
FIGURE 11-13:
SCHMITT TRIGGER INPUT THRESHOLD VIN vs. VDD
(ST Input, -40×C TO 125×C)
4.0
VIH Max. 125°C
3.5
Typical: Statistical Mean @25°C
Maximum: Mean (Worst Case Temp) + 3σ
(-40°C to 125°C)
VIH Min. -40°C
VIN (V)
3.0
2.5
2.0
VIL Max. -40°C
1.5
VIL Min. 125°C
1.0
0.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
VDD (V)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 67
PIC10F220/222
NOTES:
DS41270E-page 68
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
12.0
DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT
The PIC® microcontrollers are supported with a full
range of hardware and software development tools:
• Integrated Development Environment
- MPLAB® IDE Software
• Assemblers/Compilers/Linkers
- MPASMTM Assembler
- MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 C Compilers
- MPLINKTM Object Linker/
MPLIBTM Object Librarian
- MPLAB ASM30 Assembler/Linker/Library
• Simulators
- MPLAB SIM Software Simulator
• Emulators
- MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator
- MPLAB REAL ICE™ In-Circuit Emulator
• In-Circuit Debugger
- MPLAB ICD 2
• Device Programmers
- PICSTART® Plus Development Programmer
- MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer
- PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer
• Low-Cost Demonstration and Development
Boards and Evaluation Kits
12.1
MPLAB Integrated Development
Environment Software
The MPLAB IDE software brings an ease of software
development previously unseen in the 8/16-bit microcontroller market. The MPLAB IDE is a Windows®
operating system-based application that contains:
• A single graphical interface to all debugging tools
- Simulator
- Programmer (sold separately)
- Emulator (sold separately)
- In-Circuit Debugger (sold separately)
• A full-featured editor with color-coded context
• A multiple project manager
• Customizable data windows with direct edit of
contents
• High-level source code debugging
• Visual device initializer for easy register
initialization
• Mouse over variable inspection
• Drag and drop variables from source to watch
windows
• Extensive on-line help
• Integration of select third party tools, such as
HI-TECH Software C Compilers and IAR
C Compilers
The MPLAB IDE allows you to:
• Edit your source files (either assembly or C)
• One touch assemble (or compile) and download
to PIC MCU emulator and simulator tools
(automatically updates all project information)
• Debug using:
- Source files (assembly or C)
- Mixed assembly and C
- Machine code
MPLAB IDE supports multiple debugging tools in a
single development paradigm, from the cost-effective
simulators, through low-cost in-circuit debuggers, to
full-featured emulators. This eliminates the learning
curve when upgrading to tools with increased flexibility
and power.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 69
PIC10F220/222
12.2
MPASM Assembler
The MPASM Assembler is a full-featured, universal
macro assembler for all PIC MCUs.
The MPASM Assembler generates relocatable object
files for the MPLINK Object Linker, Intel® standard HEX
files, MAP files to detail memory usage and symbol
reference, absolute LST files that contain source lines
and generated machine code and COFF files for
debugging.
The MPASM Assembler features include:
• Integration into MPLAB IDE projects
• User-defined macros to streamline
assembly code
• Conditional assembly for multi-purpose
source files
• Directives that allow complete control over the
assembly process
12.5
MPLAB ASM30 Assembler produces relocatable
machine code from symbolic assembly language for
dsPIC30F devices. MPLAB C30 C Compiler uses the
assembler to produce its object file. The assembler
generates relocatable object files that can then be
archived or linked with other relocatable object files and
archives to create an executable file. Notable features
of the assembler include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Support for the entire dsPIC30F instruction set
Support for fixed-point and floating-point data
Command line interface
Rich directive set
Flexible macro language
MPLAB IDE compatibility
12.6
12.3
MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30
C Compilers
The MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 Code Development
Systems are complete ANSI C compilers for
Microchip’s PIC18 and PIC24 families of microcontrollers and the dsPIC30 and dsPIC33 family of digital signal controllers. These compilers provide powerful
integration capabilities, superior code optimization and
ease of use not found with other compilers.
For easy source level debugging, the compilers provide
symbol information that is optimized to the MPLAB IDE
debugger.
12.4
MPLINK Object Linker/
MPLIB Object Librarian
The MPLINK Object Linker combines relocatable
objects created by the MPASM Assembler and the
MPLAB C18 C Compiler. It can link relocatable objects
from precompiled libraries, using directives from a
linker script.
MPLAB ASM30 Assembler, Linker
and Librarian
MPLAB SIM Software Simulator
The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator allows code
development in a PC-hosted environment by simulating the PIC MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs on an instruction
level. On any given instruction, the data areas can be
examined or modified and stimuli can be applied from
a comprehensive stimulus controller. Registers can be
logged to files for further run-time analysis. The trace
buffer and logic analyzer display extend the power of
the simulator to record and track program execution,
actions on I/O, most peripherals and internal registers.
The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator fully supports
symbolic debugging using the MPLAB C18 and
MPLAB C30 C Compilers, and the MPASM and
MPLAB ASM30 Assemblers. The software simulator
offers the flexibility to develop and debug code outside
of the hardware laboratory environment, making it an
excellent, economical software development tool.
The MPLIB Object Librarian manages the creation and
modification of library files of precompiled code. When
a routine from a library is called from a source file, only
the modules that contain that routine will be linked in
with the application. This allows large libraries to be
used efficiently in many different applications.
The object linker/library features include:
• Efficient linking of single libraries instead of many
smaller files
• Enhanced code maintainability by grouping
related modules together
• Flexible creation of libraries with easy module
listing, replacement, deletion and extraction
DS41270E-page 70
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
12.7
MPLAB ICE 2000
High-Performance
In-Circuit Emulator
The MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator is intended
to provide the product development engineer with a
complete microcontroller design tool set for PIC
microcontrollers. Software control of the MPLAB ICE
2000 In-Circuit Emulator is advanced by the MPLAB
Integrated Development Environment, which allows
editing, building, downloading and source debugging
from a single environment.
The MPLAB ICE 2000 is a full-featured emulator
system with enhanced trace, trigger and data monitoring features. Interchangeable processor modules allow
the system to be easily reconfigured for emulation of
different processors. The architecture of the MPLAB
ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator allows expansion to
support new PIC microcontrollers.
The MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator system has
been designed as a real-time emulation system with
advanced features that are typically found on more
expensive development tools. The PC platform and
Microsoft® Windows® 32-bit operating system were
chosen to best make these features available in a
simple, unified application.
12.8
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit
Emulator System
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System is
Microchip’s next generation high-speed emulator for
Microchip Flash DSC and MCU devices. It debugs and
programs PIC® Flash MCUs and dsPIC® Flash DSCs
with the easy-to-use, powerful graphical user interface of
the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE),
included with each kit.
The MPLAB REAL ICE probe is connected to the design
engineer’s PC using a high-speed USB 2.0 interface and
is connected to the target with either a connector
compatible with the popular MPLAB ICD 2 system
(RJ11) or with the new high-speed, noise tolerant, LowVoltage Differential Signal (LVDS) interconnection
(CAT5).
12.9
MPLAB ICD 2 In-Circuit Debugger
Microchip’s In-Circuit Debugger, MPLAB ICD 2, is a
powerful, low-cost, run-time development tool,
connecting to the host PC via an RS-232 or high-speed
USB interface. This tool is based on the Flash PIC
MCUs and can be used to develop for these and other
PIC MCUs and dsPIC DSCs. The MPLAB ICD 2 utilizes
the in-circuit debugging capability built into the Flash
devices. This feature, along with Microchip’s In-Circuit
Serial ProgrammingTM (ICSPTM) protocol, offers costeffective, in-circuit Flash debugging from the graphical
user interface of the MPLAB Integrated Development
Environment. This enables a designer to develop and
debug source code by setting breakpoints, single stepping and watching variables, and CPU status and
peripheral registers. Running at full speed enables
testing hardware and applications in real time. MPLAB
ICD 2 also serves as a development programmer for
selected PIC devices.
12.10 MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer
The MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer is a universal,
CE compliant device programmer with programmable
voltage verification at VDDMIN and VDDMAX for
maximum reliability. It features a large LCD display
(128 x 64) for menus and error messages and a modular, detachable socket assembly to support various
package types. The ICSP™ cable assembly is included
as a standard item. In Stand-Alone mode, the MPLAB
PM3 Device Programmer can read, verify and program
PIC devices without a PC connection. It can also set
code protection in this mode. The MPLAB PM3
connects to the host PC via an RS-232 or USB cable.
The MPLAB PM3 has high-speed communications and
optimized algorithms for quick programming of large
memory devices and incorporates an SD/MMC card for
file storage and secure data applications.
MPLAB REAL ICE is field upgradeable through future
firmware downloads in MPLAB IDE. In upcoming
releases of MPLAB IDE, new devices will be supported,
and new features will be added, such as software breakpoints and assembly code trace. MPLAB REAL ICE
offers significant advantages over competitive emulators
including low-cost, full-speed emulation, real-time
variable watches, trace analysis, complex breakpoints, a
ruggedized probe interface and long (up to three meters)
interconnection cables.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 71
PIC10F220/222
12.11 PICSTART Plus Development
Programmer
12.13 Demonstration, Development and
Evaluation Boards
The PICSTART Plus Development Programmer is an
easy-to-use, low-cost, prototype programmer. It
connects to the PC via a COM (RS-232) port. MPLAB
Integrated Development Environment software makes
using the programmer simple and efficient. The
PICSTART Plus Development Programmer supports
most PIC devices in DIP packages up to 40 pins.
Larger pin count devices, such as the PIC16C92X and
PIC17C76X, may be supported with an adapter socket.
The PICSTART Plus Development Programmer is CE
compliant.
A wide variety of demonstration, development and
evaluation boards for various PIC MCUs and dsPIC
DSCs allows quick application development on fully functional systems. Most boards include prototyping areas for
adding custom circuitry and provide application firmware
and source code for examination and modification.
12.12 PICkit 2 Development Programmer
The PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer is a low-cost
programmer and selected Flash device debugger with
an easy-to-use interface for programming many of
Microchip’s baseline, mid-range and PIC18F families of
Flash memory microcontrollers. The PICkit 2 Starter Kit
includes a prototyping development board, twelve
sequential lessons, software and HI-TECH’s PICC™
Lite C compiler, and is designed to help get up to speed
quickly using PIC® microcontrollers. The kit provides
everything needed to program, evaluate and develop
applications using Microchip’s powerful, mid-range
Flash memory family of microcontrollers.
DS41270E-page 72
The boards support a variety of features, including LEDs,
temperature sensors, switches, speakers, RS-232
interfaces, LCD displays, potentiometers and additional
EEPROM memory.
The demonstration and development boards can be
used in teaching environments, for prototyping custom
circuits and for learning about various microcontroller
applications.
In addition to the PICDEM™ and dsPICDEM™ demonstration/development board series of circuits, Microchip
has a line of evaluation kits and demonstration software
for analog filter design, KEELOQ® security ICs, CAN,
IrDA®, PowerSmart battery management, SEEVAL®
evaluation system, Sigma-Delta ADC, flow rate
sensing, plus many more.
Check the Microchip web page (www.microchip.com)
for the complete list of demonstration, development
and evaluation kits.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
13.0
PACKAGING INFORMATION
13.1
Package Marking Information
6-Lead SOT-23*
XXNN
8-Lead PDIP
XXXXXXXX
XXXXXNNN
YYWW
8-Lead DFN*
XXX
YWW
NN
Legend: XX...X
Y
YY
WW
NNN
e3
*
Note:
Example
20JR
Example
PIC10F220
I/P e3 07Q
0520
Example
BJ0
625
3Q
Customer-specific information
Year code (last digit of calendar year)
Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year)
Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’)
Alphanumeric traceability code
Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn)
This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3 )
can be found on the outer packaging for this package.
In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will
be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available
characters for customer-specific information.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 73
PIC10F220/222
TABLE 13-1:
8-LEAD 2x3 DFN (MC) TOP
MARKING
Part Number
Marking
TABLE 13-2:
6-LEAD SOT-23 (OT)
PACKAGE TOP MARKING
Part Number
Marking
PIC10F220-I/MC
BJ0
PIC10F220-I/OT
20NN
PIC10F220-E/MC
BK0
PIC10F220-E/OT
A0NN
PIC10F222-I/MC
BL0
PIC10F222-I/OT
22NN
PIC10F222-E/MC
BM0
PIC10F222-E/OT
Note:
DS41270E-page 74
A2NN
NN
represents
traceability code.
the
alphanumeric
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
6-Lead Plastic Small Outline Transistor (OT) [SOT-23]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
b
4
N
E
E1
PIN 1 ID BY
LASER MARK
1
2
3
e
e1
D
A
A2
c
φ
L
A1
L1
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
MILLIMETERS
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
6
Pitch
e
0.95 BSC
Outside Lead Pitch
e1
1.90 BSC
Overall Height
A
0.90
–
Molded Package Thickness
A2
0.89
–
1.45
1.30
Standoff
A1
0.00
–
0.15
Overall Width
E
2.20
–
3.20
Molded Package Width
E1
1.30
–
1.80
Overall Length
D
2.70
–
3.10
Foot Length
L
0.10
–
0.60
Footprint
L1
0.35
–
0.80
Foot Angle
φ
0°
–
30°
Lead Thickness
c
0.08
–
0.26
Lead Width
b
0.20
–
0.51
Notes:
1. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.127 mm per side.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-028B
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 75
PIC10F220/222
8-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line (P) – 300 mil Body [PDIP]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
N
NOTE 1
E1
1
3
2
D
E
A2
A
L
A1
c
e
eB
b1
b
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
INCHES
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
8
Pitch
e
Top to Seating Plane
A
–
–
.210
Molded Package Thickness
A2
.115
.130
.195
Base to Seating Plane
A1
.015
–
–
Shoulder to Shoulder Width
E
.290
.310
.325
Molded Package Width
E1
.240
.250
.280
Overall Length
D
.348
.365
.400
Tip to Seating Plane
L
.115
.130
.150
Lead Thickness
c
.008
.010
.015
b1
.040
.060
.070
b
.014
.018
.022
eB
–
–
Upper Lead Width
Lower Lead Width
Overall Row Spacing §
.100 BSC
.430
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located with the hatched area.
2. § Significant Characteristic.
3. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed .010" per side.
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-018B
DS41270E-page 76
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
8-Lead Plastic Dual Flat, No Lead Package (MC) – 2x3x0.9 mm Body [DFN]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
e
D
b
N
N
L
K
E2
E
EXPOSED PAD
NOTE 1
NOTE 1
2
1
2
1
D2
BOTTOM VIEW
TOP VIEW
A
A3
A1
NOTE 2
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
MILLIMETERS
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
8
Pitch
e
Overall Height
A
0.80
0.90
1.00
Standoff
A1
0.00
0.02
0.05
Contact Thickness
A3
0.20 REF
Overall Length
D
2.00 BSC
Overall Width
E
Exposed Pad Length
D2
1.30
–
Exposed Pad Width
E2
1.50
–
1.90
b
0.18
0.25
0.30
Contact Length
L
0.30
0.40
0.50
Contact-to-Exposed Pad
K
0.20
–
–
Contact Width
0.50 BSC
3.00 BSC
1.75
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located within the hatched area.
2. Package may have one or more exposed tie bars at ends.
3. Package is saw singulated.
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
REF: Reference Dimension, usually without tolerance, for information purposes only.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-123B
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 77
PIC10F220/222
APPENDIX A:
REVISION HISTORY
Revision A
Original release of document.
Revision B (03/2006)
Table 3-1, GP1; Section 4.7, Program Counter; Table 52; Figure 8-5; Section 9.1, ANDWF, SLEEP, SUBWF,
SWAPF, XORLW.
Revision C (08/2006)
Added 8-Lead DFN pinout diagram, updated Table 1-1
with DFN package, updated Table 10-3 in Section 10.0,
added 8-Lead DFN package marking information to
section 13.0, updated the Product Identification
System section to include DFN package identification.
Added note to package drawings.
Revision D (02/2007)
Replaced Dev. Tool Section; Replaced Package
Drawings.
Revision E (06/2007)
Updated and added Characterization Data; Revised
Operating Current; Revised Section 8.4 and Note;
Revised Section 10.0, Total Power Dissipation, 10.1,
10.2, 10.3 DC Characteristics; Revised Tables 10-2,
10-3, 10-5, 10-6; Section 11.0; Revised Product ID
System.
DS41270E-page 78
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
INDEX
A
M
A/D
Specifications.............................................................. 60
ADC
Internal Sampling Switch (RSS) IMPEDANCE ................ 32
Source Impedance...................................................... 32
ALU ....................................................................................... 9
Assembler
MPASM Assembler..................................................... 62
B
Block Diagram
On-Chip Reset Circuit ................................................. 36
Timer0......................................................................... 25
TMR0/WDT Prescaler................................................. 28
Watchdog Timer.......................................................... 39
Block Diagrams
Analog Input Model ..................................................... 32
Brown-Out Protection Circuit .............................................. 40
C
C Compilers
MPLAB C18 ................................................................ 62
MPLAB C30 ................................................................ 62
Carry ..................................................................................... 9
Clocking Scheme ................................................................ 11
Code Protection ............................................................ 33, 41
Configuration Bits................................................................ 33
Customer Change Notification Service ............................... 75
Customer Notification Service............................................. 75
Customer Support ............................................................... 75
D
DC and AC Characteristics ................................................. 65
Development Support ......................................................... 61
Digit Carry ............................................................................. 9
E
Errata .................................................................................... 3
F
Family of Devices
PIC10F22X ................................................................... 5
FSR ..................................................................................... 20
G
GPIO ................................................................................... 21
I
I/O Interfacing ..................................................................... 21
I/O Ports .............................................................................. 21
I/O Programming Considerations........................................ 23
ID Locations .................................................................. 33, 41
INDF.................................................................................... 20
Indirect Data Addressing..................................................... 20
Instruction Cycle ................................................................. 11
Instruction Flow/Pipelining .................................................. 11
Instruction Set Summary..................................................... 44
Internal Sampling Switch (RSS) IMPEDANCE ........................ 32
Internet Address.................................................................. 75
L
Loading of PC ..................................................................... 19
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Memory Organization ......................................................... 13
Data Memory .............................................................. 14
Program Memory (PIC10F220) .................................. 13
Program Memory (PIC10F222) .................................. 13
Microchip Internet Web Site................................................ 75
MPLAB ASM30 Assembler, Linker, Librarian ..................... 62
MPLAB ICD 2 In-Circuit Debugger ..................................... 63
MPLAB ICE 2000 High-Performance Universal
In-Circuit Emulator...................................................... 63
MPLAB Integrated Development Environment Software.... 61
MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer ...................................... 63
MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System .................. 63
MPLINK Object Linker/MPLIB Object Librarian .................. 62
O
OPTION Register................................................................ 17
OSCCAL Register............................................................... 18
Oscillator Configurations..................................................... 34
Oscillator Types
HS............................................................................... 34
LP ............................................................................... 34
P
PIC10F220/222 Device Varieties.......................................... 7
PICSTART Plus Development Programmer....................... 64
POR
Device Reset Timer (DRT) ................................... 33, 38
PD............................................................................... 39
Power-on Reset (POR)............................................... 33
TO............................................................................... 39
Power-down Mode.............................................................. 40
Prescaler ............................................................................ 27
Program Counter ................................................................ 19
Q
Q cycles .............................................................................. 11
R
Reader Response............................................................... 76
Read-Modify-Write.............................................................. 23
Register File Map
PIC10F220 ................................................................. 14
PIC10F222 ................................................................. 14
Registers
Special Function ......................................................... 14
Reset .................................................................................. 33
Reset on Brown-Out ........................................................... 40
S
Sleep ............................................................................ 33, 40
Software Simulator (MPLAB SIM) ...................................... 62
Special Features of the CPU .............................................. 33
Special Function Registers ................................................. 14
Stack................................................................................... 19
STATUS Register ..................................................... 9, 15, 29
T
Timer0
Timer0 ........................................................................ 25
Timer0 (TMR0) Module .............................................. 25
TMR0 with External Clock .......................................... 26
Timing Parameter Symbology and Load Conditions .......... 57
TRIS Registers ................................................................... 21
DS41270E-page 79
PIC10F220/222
W
Wake-up from Sleep ........................................................... 41
Watchdog Timer (WDT) ................................................ 33, 38
Period.......................................................................... 38
Programming Considerations ..................................... 38
WWW Address.................................................................... 75
WWW, On-Line Support........................................................ 3
Z
Zero bit .................................................................................. 9
DS41270E-page 80
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
THE MICROCHIP WEB SITE
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
Microchip provides online support via our WWW site at
www.microchip.com. This web site is used as a means
to make files and information easily available to
customers. Accessible by using your favorite Internet
browser, the web site contains the following
information:
Users of Microchip products can receive assistance
through several channels:
• Product Support – Data sheets and errata,
application notes and sample programs, design
resources, user’s guides and hardware support
documents, latest software releases and archived
software
• General Technical Support – Frequently Asked
Questions (FAQ), technical support requests,
online discussion groups, Microchip consultant
program member listing
• Business of Microchip – Product selector and
ordering guides, latest Microchip press releases,
listing of seminars and events, listings of
Microchip sales offices, distributors and factory
representatives
•
•
•
•
•
Distributor or Representative
Local Sales Office
Field Application Engineer (FAE)
Technical Support
Development Systems Information Line
Customers
should
contact
their
distributor,
representative or field application engineer (FAE) for
support. Local sales offices are also available to help
customers. A listing of sales offices and locations is
included in the back of this document.
Technical support is available through the web site
at: http://support.microchip.com
CUSTOMER CHANGE NOTIFICATION
SERVICE
Microchip’s customer notification service helps keep
customers current on Microchip products. Subscribers
will receive e-mail notification whenever there are
changes, updates, revisions or errata related to a
specified product family or development tool of interest.
To register, access the Microchip web site at
www.microchip.com, click on Customer Change
Notification and follow the registration instructions.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 81
PIC10F220/222
READER RESPONSE
It is our intention to provide you with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip product. If you wish to provide your comments on organization, clarity, subject matter, and ways in which our documentation
can better serve you, please FAX your comments to the Technical Publications Manager at (480) 792-4150.
Please list the following information, and use this outline to provide us with your comments about this document.
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Literature Number: DS41270E
Questions:
1. What are the best features of this document?
2. How does this document meet your hardware and software development needs?
3. Do you find the organization of this document easy to follow? If not, why?
4. What additions to the document do you think would enhance the structure and subject?
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6. Is there any incorrect or misleading information (what and where)?
7. How would you improve this document?
DS41270E-page 82
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
PIC10F220/222
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office.
PART NO.
X
/XX
XXX
Device
Temperature
Range
Package
Pattern
Examples:
a)
b)
Device:
PIC10F220
PIC10F222
PIC10F220T (Tape & Reel)
PIC10F222T (Tape & Reel)
Temperature
Range:
I
E
= -40°C to +85°C
= -40°C to +125°C
Package:
P
OT
MC
=
=
=
Pattern:
Special Requirements
c)
PIC10F220-I/P = Industrial temp., PDIP
package (Pb-free)
PIC10F222T-E/OT = Extended temp., SOT-23
package (Pb-free), Tape and Reel
PIC10F222-E/MC = Extended temp., DFN
package (Pb-free)
(Industrial)
(Extended)
300 mil PDIP (Pb-free)
SOT-23, 6-LD (Pb-free)
DFN, 8-LD 2x3 (Pb-free)
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41270E-page 83
WORLDWIDE SALES AND SERVICE
AMERICAS
ASIA/PACIFIC
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Corporate Office
2355 West Chandler Blvd.
Chandler, AZ 85224-6199
Tel: 480-792-7200
Fax: 480-792-7277
Technical Support:
http://support.microchip.com
Web Address:
www.microchip.com
Asia Pacific Office
Suites 3707-14, 37th Floor
Tower 6, The Gateway
Harbour City, Kowloon
Hong Kong
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
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Tel: 91-80-4182-8400
Fax: 91-80-4182-8422
India - New Delhi
Tel: 91-11-4160-8631
Fax: 91-11-4160-8632
Austria - Wels
Tel: 43-7242-2244-39
Fax: 43-7242-2244-393
Denmark - Copenhagen
Tel: 45-4450-2828
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Tel: 86-28-8665-5511
Fax: 86-28-8665-7889
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Tel: 82-53-744-4301
Fax: 82-53-744-4302
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Tel: 86-591-8750-3506
Fax: 86-591-8750-3521
Korea - Seoul
Tel: 82-2-554-7200
Fax: 82-2-558-5932 or
82-2-558-5934
China - Hong Kong SAR
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Fax: 852-2401-3431
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Tel: 60-4-646-8870
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Tel: 86-755-8203-2660
Fax: 86-755-8203-1760
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Tel: 886-7-536-4818
Fax: 886-7-536-4803
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Tel: 86-757-2839-5507
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Taiwan - Taipei
Tel: 886-2-2500-6610
Fax: 886-2-2508-0102
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Thailand - Bangkok
Tel: 66-2-694-1351
Fax: 66-2-694-1350
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Fax: 44-118-921-5820
China - Xian
Tel: 86-29-8833-7252
Fax: 86-29-8833-7256
06/25/07
DS41270E-page 84
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
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