Woodstock | W1683 | Instruction manual | Woodstock W1683 Instruction manual

Woodstock W1683 Instruction manual
MODEL W1683
20" PLANER
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Phone: 1-360-734-3482 • On-Line Technical Support: tech-support@woodstockint.com
COPYRIGHT © April, 2002 BY WOODSTOCK INTERNATIONAL, INC.
WARNING: NO PORTION OF THIS MANUAL MAY BE REPRODUCED IN ANY SHAPE OR FORM WITHOUT
THE WRITTEN APPROVAL OF WOODSTOCK INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Printed in Taiwan
WARNING
Some dust created by power sanding, sawing,
grinding, drilling, and other construction activities
contains chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Some examples of these chemicals are:
• Lead from lead-based paints.
• Crystalline silica from bricks, cement, and
other masonry products.
• Arsenic and chromium from chemically
treated lumber.
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on
how often you do this type of work. To reduce your
exposure to these chemicals: work in a well
ventilated area, and work with approved safety
equipment, such as those dust masks that are
specially designed to filter out microscopic
particles.
1.
2.
3.
4.
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7.
PAGE
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................2
ABOUT YOUR NEW PLANER ....................................................................................2
WOODSTOCK SERVICE AND SUPPORT ........................................................................2
WARRANTY AND RETURNS ......................................................................................3
PLANER MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................3
SAFETY FIRST! ..........................................................................................................4
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS........................................................................................4-5
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR PLANERS........................................................6
ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS....................................................................................7
220V OPERATION ................................................................................................7
EXTENSION CORDS................................................................................................7
GROUNDING ........................................................................................................7
ASSEMBLY................................................................................................................8
BOX CONTENTS....................................................................................................8
OVERVIEW ..........................................................................................................8
SHOP PREPARATION..............................................................................................9
CLEANING MACHINE ..............................................................................................9
EXTENSION ROLLERS ..........................................................................................10
HANDWHEEL ....................................................................................................11
DUST HOOD ......................................................................................................11
SWITCH............................................................................................................12
KNIFE SETTING JIG..............................................................................................12
ADJUSTMENTS ........................................................................................................13
LOCATION OF CONTROLS......................................................................................13
MOVING BED ROLLERS..........................................................................................14
TABLE ........................................................................................................14-16
CHECKING KNIVES ..............................................................................................17
KNIFE ADJUSTMENT ........................................................................................18-19
FEED ROLLERS, CHIPBREAKER & PRESSURE BAR ....................................................20-21
CHIP DEFLECTOR ................................................................................................22
ANTI-KICKBACK PAWLS ........................................................................................22
CHAIN TENSIONER ..............................................................................................23
SPRING TENSION ................................................................................................23
TABLE ROLLERS ................................................................................................24
OPERATIONS ..........................................................................................................25
TEST RUN ........................................................................................................25
FEED RATE........................................................................................................25
OPERATIONAL TIPS ............................................................................................26
TROUBLESHOOTING PLANING RESULTS ....................................................................27
AFTERMARKET SETUP ACCESSORIES ........................................................................28
MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................29
GENERAL ..........................................................................................................29
CLEANING ........................................................................................................29
TABLE AND BASE ................................................................................................29
LUBRICATION ....................................................................................................30
BELT TENSION ..................................................................................................31
PULLEY ALIGNMENT ............................................................................................31
WIRING DIAGRAM ....................................................................................................32
TROUBLESHOOTING ..................................................................................................33
CLOSURE ..............................................................................................................34
DIAGRAMS AND PARTS LISTS..............................................................................35-42
WARRANTY AND REPLACEMENT..............................................................................43
USE THE QUICK GUIDE PAGE LABELS TO SEARCH OUT INFORMATION FAST!
INTRODUCTION
Table Of Contents
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
ABOUT YOUR NEW PLANER
This new Shop Fox® 20" Planer has been specially designed to provide many years of trouble free service.
Close attention to detail, ruggedly built parts and a rigid quality control program assure safe and reliable
operation.
Woodstock International, Inc. is committed to customer satisfaction in providing this manual. It is our
intent to make sure all the information necessary for safety, ease of assembly, practical use and
durability of this product be included.
If you should have any comments regarding this manual, please contact us at:
Woodstock International, Inc.
P.O. Box 2309
Bellingham, WA 98227
WOODSTOCK SERVICE AND SUPPORT
We stand behind our machines! In the event that a defect is found, parts are missing or questions arise
about your machine, please contact Woodstock International Service and Support at 1-360-734-3482 or
tech-support@woodstockint.com. Our knowledgeable staff will help you troubleshoot problems, send out
parts or arrange warranty repair or returns.
2
Woodstock International, Inc. warrants all SHOP FOX® machinery to be free of defects from workmanship
and materials for a period of 2 years from the date of original purchase by the original owner. This
warranty does not apply to defects due directly or indirectly to misuse, abuse, negligence or accidents,
lack of maintenance, or to repair or alterations made or specifically authorized by anyone other than
Woodstock International, Inc.
Woodstock International, Inc. will repair or replace, at its expense and at its option, the SHOP FOX®
machine or machine part which in normal use has proven to be defective, provided that the original
owner returns the product prepaid to the SHOP FOX® factory service center or authorized repair facility
designated by our Bellingham, WA office, with proof of their purchase of the product within 2 years, and
provides Woodstock International, Inc. reasonable opportunity to verify the alleged defect through
inspection. If it is determined there is no defect, or that the defect resulted from causes not within the
scope of Woodstock International Inc.'s warranty, then the original owner must bear the cost of storing
and returning the product.
This is Woodstock International, Inc.'s sole written warranty and any and all warranties that may be
implied by law, including any merchantability or fitness, for any particular purpose, are hereby limited
to the duration of this written warranty. We do not warrant that SHOP FOX® machinery complies with
the provisions of any law or acts. In no event shall Woodstock International, Inc.'s liability under this
warranty exceed the purchase price paid for the product, and any legal actions brought against
Woodstock International, Inc. shall be tried in the State of Washington, County of Whatcom. We shall in
no event be liable for death, injuries to persons or property or for incidental, contingent, special or
consequential damages arising from the use of our products.
Every effort has been made to ensure that all SHOP FOX® machinery meets high quality and durability
standards. We reserve the right to change specifications at any time because of our commitment to
continuously improve the quality of our products.
Planer Machine Specifications
Motor ..................................................................5 H.P., 220V, Single-Phase
Amps ................................................................................................28
Cutting Width ....................................................................................20"
Cutting Height ....................................................................................8"
Minimum Stock Thickness ......................................................................1⁄4"
Minimum Stock Length ............................................................................7"
Maximum Depth of Cut ..........................................................................1⁄8"
Cutterhead Diameter ..........................................................................33⁄16"
Cutterhead Speed ....................................................................5500 R.P.M.
Table Size ..............................................................................253⁄4" x 20"
Knives ........................................................................................4 H.S.S.
Feed Rates ..........................................................................18 & 23 F.P.M.
3
INTRODUCTION
WARRANTY AND RETURNS
SAFETY
SAFETY FIRST!
READ MANUAL BEFORE OPERATING MACHINE
FAILURE TO FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS BELOW WILL
RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, WILL
result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, COULD
result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, MAY
result in minor or moderate injury. It may also be used to alert against
unsafe practices.
NOTICE
This symbol is used to alert the user to useful information about proper
operation of the equipment.
1. Thoroughly read the instruction manual before operating your machine. Learn the applications,
limitations and potential hazards of this machine. Keep manual in a safe, convenient place for future
reference.
2. Keep work area clean and well lighted. Clutter and inadequate lighting invite potential hazards.
3. Ground all tools. If a machine is equipped with a three-prong plug, it must be plugged into a threehole electrical outlet or grounded extension cord. If using an adapter to aid in accommodating a twohole receptacle, ground using a screw to a known ground.
4. Wear eye protection at all times. Use safety glasses with side shields or safety goggles (that meet
the national safety standards) while operating this machine.
5. Avoid dangerous environments. Do not operate this machine in wet or open flame environments.
Airborne dust particles could cause an explosion and severe fire hazard.
6. Ensure all guards are securely in place and in working condition.
7. Make sure switch is in the “OFF” position before connecting power to machine.
8. Keep work area clean and free of clutter, grease, etc.
9. Keep children and visitors away. All visitors should be kept a safe distance away while operating
unit.
10. Childproof workshop with padlocks, master switches or by removing switch keys.
11. Disconnect machine when cleaning, adjusting or servicing.
12. Do not force tool. The machine will do a safer and better job at the rate for which it was designed.
4
13. Use correct tool. Do not force machine or attachment to do a job for which it was not designed.
14. Wear proper apparel. Do not wear loose clothing, neck ties, gloves, jewelry, etc.
15. Remove adjusting keys and wrenches before turning the machine on. Make this a habit!
17. Keep proper footing and balance at all times.
18. Do not leave machine unattended—wait until it comes to a complete stop before leaving the area.
19. Perform machine maintenance and care. Follow lubrication and accessory attachment instructions
in the manual.
20. Keep machine away from open flame. Operating machines near pilot lights and/or open flames
creates a high risk if dust is dispersed in the area. Dust particles and an ignition source may cause
an explosion. Do not operate the machine in high risk areas, including but not limited to, those
mentioned above.
21. Do not use machine under the influence of drugs or alcohol or if you are excessively tired.
22. Do not let untrained people use the machine if they are not supervised by an experienced
operator.
23. If at any time you are experiencing difficulties performing the intended operation, stop using the
machine! Then contact our service department or ask a qualified expert how the operation should
be performed.
24. Mag switches can be accidentally turned on when they are bumped. Always be aware of the mag
switch location when moving items around the shop.
Operating this equipment has the potential
for flying debris to cause eye injury. Always
wear safety glasses or goggles when
operating equipment. Everyday glasses or
reading glasses only have impact resistant
lenses, they are not safety glasses. Be
certain the safety glasses you wear meet
the appropriate standards of the American
National Standards Institute (ANSI).
5
SAFETY
16. Use proper extension cord. When using an extension cord, make sure it is in good condition. Use
extension cords 100' or less in length that are rated Hard Service (grade S) or better, and that have
a conductor size of 16 A.W.G. A drop in line voltage, loss of power and overheating can result when
using an undersized cord. The extension cord must have a ground wire and ground plug pin, as well.
SAFETY
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FOR PLANERS
1.
Always make sure the planer is on firm ground and is stable before operating. Immediately fix or
shim the planer if it rocks or wobbles.
2.
Always inspect the workpiece before running it through the planer. Stock with loose knots, nails,
staples, dirt or other foreign objects should be rejected from use or corrected by eliminating the
condition that makes it questionable.
3.
Always make sure that all components of the planer are adjusted to their proper specifications
before planing stock.
4.
Always use the help of another person or some type of support fixture when planing long stock.
5.
Never stand behind the workpiece when you are feeding it into the planer; the workpiece could
possibly kick back and be thrown in the direction from which it came.
6.
Never operate the planer if knives are dull or damaged. Sharp knives are safer and produce better
final results.
7.
Never process any material through the planer other than wood. This planer is designed for wood
only!
8.
Always take multiple light cuts rather than excessively deep cuts.
9.
Never attempt to free a stalled workpiece while the planer is powered on and plugged in.
10. Absolutely never reach inside the planer or open the top cover while the planer is powered on
and/or plugged in.
11. Never plane wood that is less than 7" long or less than 1⁄4" thick.
12. Always wear hearing protection when operating the planer.
Read
the
manual
completely
before
assembly and operation.
Become familiar with the
machine and its operation
before beginning any
work. Serious personal
injury may result if safety
or operational information
is not understood or
followed.
No list of safety guidelines can be
complete. Every shop environment is
different. Always consider safety first, as it
applies to your individual working
conditions. Use this and other machinery
with caution and respect. Failure to do so
could result in serious personal injury,
damage to equipment or poor work results.
6
ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
220V Operation
NEVER replace the circuit breaker with one
rated at a higher amperage or damage to the
circuit may occur.
The motor supplied with your new planer is
rated at 5 H.P. and will draw approximately 28
amps during 220 volt operation. When choosing
an outlet for this machine, we recommend
using a NEMA L6-30A with a 30 amp circuit
breaker or fuse. Keep in mind that a circuit
being used by other machines or tools at the
same time will add to the total load being
applied to the circuit. Add up the load ratings
of all machines on the circuit. If this number
exceeds the rating of the circuit breaker, fuse
or wires, use a different circuit.
This equipment must be
grounded. Verify that any
existing electrical outlet and
circuit you intend to plug
into is actually grounded.
Under no circumstances
should the grounding pin
from any three-pronged plug
be removed. Serious injury
may occur.
Extension Cords
We do not recommend using an extension cord
for 220V equipment. Instead, arrange the
placement of your machinery and installed
wiring to eliminate the need for extension
cords. If you must use an extension cord, make
sure it is rated Hard Service (grade S) and
capable of handling a 28 amp load. The
extension cord must always contain a ground
wire and plug pin. Be sure to ask an expert
about the correct gauge to use with your
desired cord length. Always repair or replace
extension cords when they become worn or
damaged.
Grounding
This machine must be grounded! See Figure 1.
The electrical cord supplied with the Model
W1683 does not come with a 220 volt plug. Use
a plug with a ground pin. If your outlet does not
accommodate a ground pin, have it replaced by
a qualified electrician or have an appropriate
adapter installed and grounded properly. An
adapter with a grounding wire does not
guarantee the machine will be grounded. A
ground source must be verified.
Figure 1. Typical 220V 3-prong plug and outlet.
7
SAFETY
NOTICE
ASSEMBLY
Overview
Should any parts be missing, examine the
packaging carefully to be sure parts are not
among the packing materials. If any key parts
are missing, contact Woodstock International,
Inc. at 360-734-3482 or by e-mail at:
tech-support@woodstockint.com.
We have assembled most of your new planer for
you at the factory; however, the parts shown in
Figure 2 still need to be assembled after
delivery. Please take your time and try to be as
accurate as possible when following each step.
This care will provide you with better results
when you are finished.
Box Contents
Additional Tools Required: Besides the tools
that were included with the planer, you will also
need a Phillips® screwdriver, a flat-head
screwdriver and a good straightedge. A set of
feeler gauges and a dial indicator will also be
necessary for the Adjustments section.
ASSEMBLY
The following is a description of the components
shipped with the Shop Fox® W1683 20" Planer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Planer Unit
Dust Hood
Starter Switch
Rollers (2)
Handwheel
Hardware Bag:
(6) M6-1.0 x 12 Hex Bolts
(6) 6mm Flat Washers
(8) 1⁄2" Flat Washers
(8) M10-1.5 x 25 Hex Bolts
(1) Knife Setting Rod
(2) Knife Setting Gauge
(4) 9mm E-Clip Ring
(1) Handle
(1) 3mm Allen Wrench
(1) 4mm Allen Wrench
(1) 5mm Allen Wrench
(1) 6mm Allen Wrench
(1) 8mm & 10mm Combo Wrench
(1) 12mm & 14mm Combo Wrench
(1) 17mm & 19mm Combo Wrench
Figure 2. Parts that need to be assembled.
Do not connect the
machine to power at this
time. The machine must
remain
unplugged
throughout the entire
assembly process. Failure
to do this may result in
serious personal injury.
8
Shop Preparation
Floor Load: Your Model W1683 represents a
large weight load in a small footprint. Most
commercial floors are suitable for the
planer. Some residential floors may require
additional bracing to support both machine
and operator.
•
Working Clearances: Consider existing and
anticipated needs, size of material to be
processed through each machine, and space
for auxiliary stands, work tables or other
machinery when establishing a location for
your planer.
•
The table and other unpainted parts of the
Model W1683 are coated with a waxy grease that
protects them from corrosion during shipment.
Clean this grease off with a solvent cleaner or
citrus-based degreaser. Do not use chlorinebased solvents—if you happen to splash some
onto a painted surface, you will ruin the finish.
Do not use gasoline or
other petroleum-based
solvents. They have low
flash points which make
them
extremely
flammable. A risk of
explosion and burning
exists if these products
are used. Serious personal
injury may occur if this
warning is ignored.
Lighting and Outlets: Lighting should be
bright enough to eliminate shadow and
prevent eye strain. Electrical circuits should
be dedicated or large enough to handle
amperage requirements. Outlets should be
located near each machine so power or
extension cords are clear of high-traffic
areas. Observe local electrical codes for
proper installation of new lighting, outlets,
or circuits.
Do not smoke while using
solvents.
A
risk
of
explosion or fire exists and
may result in serious
personal injury.
The Model W1683 is a
heavy machine, 840 lbs.
shipping weight. Use
power
equipment.
Serious personal injury
may occur if safe moving
methods
are
not
followed.
Many of the solvents
commonly used to clean
machinery can be toxic
when
inhaled
or
ingested. Always work in
well-ventilated areas far
from potential ignition
sources when dealing
with solvents. Use care
when disposing of waste
rags and towels to be
sure they do not create
fire or environmental
hazards.
Make your shop “child
safe.” Ensure that your
workplace is inaccessible
to youngsters by closing
and locking all entrances
when you are away. Never
allow visitors in your shop
when
assembling,
adjusting or operating
equipment.
9
ASSEMBLY
•
Cleaning Machine
Extension Rollers
The extension roller assemblies are identical for
both the infeed and the outfeed ends of the
table. To mount these assemblies:
ASSEMBLY
1. Attach an extension bar to the end of each
roller. Secure these in place with the 12mm
snap rings provided in the hardware bag.
2. Match the tapped holes on the side of the
table to the extension bars. Lightly secure in
place with the M10-1.5 x 25 hex bolts and
washers from the hardware bag.
Figure 3. Checking roller extension with a
straightedge.
3. The end (outside) roller is fixed in place.
Place a straightedge flat across the table
and across the rollers as shown in Figure 3.
Adjust the end roller so it is flush with the
table, and tighten the M10-1.5 x 25 hex
bolts to secure the extension bars in place.
4. The two inside rollers are mounted in
slotted holes so they can be adjusted flush
with the table and the end roller. Make
these adjustments and tighten the bolts to
secure the inside rollers in place.
The top of the rollers should now be completely
even with the top of the table. Double-check to
make sure that the rollers did not move during
the tightening process.
10
Handwheel
The handwheel operates the chain driven system
that raises/lowers the table to control the
cutting depth.
To mount the handwheel:
1. Secure the handwheel to the worm gear
shaft (as shown in Figure 4) with the hex
nut and washer that is already on the
threads.
Dust Hood
The dust hood included should only be installed
if you plan on hooking your planer up to a dust
collection system.
To install the dust hood:
1. Match the holes in the dust hood to the
tapped holes in the planer casting on the
outfeed end.
2. Secure the dust hood with the (6) M6-1.0 x
12 hex bolts from the hardware bag, as
shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5. Dust hood attached to planer.
3. Attach a 5" dust hose to the dust port.
11
ASSEMBLY
2. Thread the handle into the handwheel and
tighten the hex nut to keep it locked in
place.
Figure 4. Handwheel attached correctly.
Switch
The prewired magnetic switch needs to be
mounted to the planer head casting.
To mount the switch:
ASSEMBLY
1. Match the holes at the back of the switch
with the tapped holes in the front, lefthand corner of the planer.
2. Secure the switch to the head casting with
the cap screws as shown in Figure 6.
Figure 6. Attaching switch to the planer.
3. Read Section 2: Circuit Requirements in this
manual, then install an appropriate plug to
the power wire.
DO NOT connect machine
to the power at this time!
Wait until all other
assembly instructions and
adjustments have been
completed.
Knife Setting Jig
We have provided a jig to make the knife setting
process easy and quick. Please refer to Figure 7
for jig component identification while
assembling.
Figure 7. Knife setting jig.
To assemble the knife setting jig:
1. Snap one of the E-clips over the notch on
one end of the knife setting rod.
2. Slide the aluminum knife setting jig
brackets onto the rod.
3. Snap the other E-clip on the other end of
the knife setting rod.
Refer to page 17 for use.
12
ADJUSTMENTS
Location of Controls
Do not connect power to
the
machine
while
performing adjustments.
Failure to follow this
warning may result in
serious personal injury.
Take the time to familiarize yourself with the
controls of your new planer. They will be
frequently
mentioned
throughout
the
instructions in this manual, and the better you
know your machine, the better you can make it
perform. Figure 8 points out the key controls
and their locations.
Table Height
Handwheel
Table Height
Scale
ON/OFF
Switch
Feed Rate
Control
Table Height
Lock Knobs
Table Extension Rollers
Figure 8. Machine controls.
13
ADJUSTMENTS
As with all precision machinery, adjustments to
the planer require very close tolerances. The
adjustments described in this section will be
factory set. However, during the life of the
machine it will necessary to make these
adjustments
yourself.
Many
of
these
adjustments require the use of an indicating tool
such as a dial indicator or a Rotacator® to
achieve accurate results.
Planer
knives
are
dangerously sharp! Use
extreme caution when
working
near
cutting
surfaces.
Failure
to
exercise
care
while
working near knives could
result in severe injury.
Moving Bed Rollers
In order to perform table adjustments, the bed
rollers must be adjusted below the surface of
the table.
To move the bed rollers:
1. Loosen the setscrews where the bed rollers
mount to the planer body (on both ends) as
shown in Figure 9.
2. Use a wrench to lower the rollers on their
eccentric shafts.
Figure 9. Bed roller setscrews.
ADJUSTMENTS
Leave the bed rollers in this position until
instructed to adjust them at the end of this
section.
Table
The most critical adjustments made on your new
planer are dependent on the table being
parallel to the cutterhead body. Because of this
relationship, checking the table is the first step
to setting up an accurate planer.
There are two movements you should be
concerned about when checking/adjusting the
table—the table should be parallel to the head
casting from front-to-back, and the table should
be parallel with the cutterhead body from sideto-side.
Side View
Front View
Figure 10. Gauge block.
The table has been pre-set at the factory, but it
is a good idea to check any machine thoroughly
before use.
To check the table:
1. Make sure machine is unplugged!
2. Make the gauge shown in Figure 10 out of a
block of wood.
14
3. Place the block on one end of the table,
directly under the cutterhead body. Raise
the table up so the block only touches the
cutterhead body (keep knives rotated out of
the way for this step).
4. Without moving the table, slide the block of
wood to the other end of the cutterhead. If
the block of wood will not fit, or if the block
is below the cutterhead body, measure this
gap with a feeler gauge. If the difference is
more than .002", then the table needs to be
adjusted from left to right.
5. Place the block under the middle-front of
the head casting. Raise the table up so the
block barely touches the head casting as
shown in Figure 11.
Figure 11. Checking table/head casting in front.
7. There are two methods to adjust the table
on the Model W1683. The first is for
adjustments smaller than .016" and the
second is for adjustments larger than .016".
To adjust the table less than .016":
Figure 12. Table mounting screws.
1. Use the table mounting screws shown in
Figure 12. Loosen the screws and lift/lower
the table until the table and the cutterhead
body are parallel with each other and the
table is parallel with the head casting from
front to back. This may require some trial
and error.
2. Adjust each column on both sides until the
table is properly set. While adjusting the
columns, tighten each screw after each step
to ensure accurate results.
15
ADJUSTMENTS
6. Remove the block and place it between the
middle-rear of the head casting and the
table. If there is a gap or it will not fit under
the head casting, measure the difference
with a feeler gauge. If this measurement is
more than .002", then the table needs to be
adjusted from front to back.
To adjust the table more than .016":
1. Remove the front cabinet cover.
Idler Sprocket Bracket
ADJUSTMENTS
2. On the underside of the table there is a
chain drive and five sprockets as shown in
Figure 13. The four sprockets in the corners
control the movement of the table columns.
The fifth sprocket is the idler sprocket that
controls the chain tension. Loosen the two
bolts on the idler sprocket bracket (as
shown in Figure 13) to loosen the chain so
that each sprocket can be rotated on its
own. Make sure to hold the chain away from
the sprocket while you adjust it.
Figure 13. Underside of table.
3. Moving the sprockets clockwise lowers the
table and moving them counter-clockwise
raises the table. Each tooth on the corner
sprockets equals .016" of vertical movement
when the cogs are turned (see illustration in
Figure 14). Make sure, as you adjust each
sprocket, that you count the number of
teeth that pass a fixed point.
Sprocket
Knowing how far you turned one sprocket
will help you keep the other side consistent
if you are adjusting two columns together.
Figure 14. Understanding sprocket movement.
4. After you have the table adjusted to within
.016" from front-to-back and from side-toside, tighten the chain so all of the slack is
removed.
Do not connect power to
the
machine
while
performing adjustments.
Failure to follow this
warning may result in
serious personal injury.
5. Now follow the previous instructions for
adjusting the table when it is less than .016"
from its proper position.
16
Checking Knives
The Model W1683 features a 4 knife cutterhead.
These knives must be checked and adjusted
after regular use. Adjusting the knives is also an
important part of the maintenance process.
Correctly positioned knives act as a reference
point for adjusting the feed rollers, the chip
breaker and the pressure bar.
When checking/adjusting the knives, keep in
mind that the knife edge should be as precise as
possible at tolerances within .002" from one end
to the other. Improperly adjusted knives may
unbalance the cutterhead, reduce the sharpness
of knife edges prematurely, shorten bearing
life, and produce poor planing results.
Figure 15. Cover removed from planer.
To check the knives:
1. Remove the upper cover as shown in Figure
15 so you have access to the top of the
cutterhead.
2. Remove the V-belt cover from the left-hand
side of the planer (facing front).
3. Using the V-belt to rotate the cutterhead,
turn the cutterhead so one of the knives is
accessible.
4. Place the knife setting jig on the
cutterhead. Both feet should sit solidly on
the cutterhead and the knife should barely
touch the center of the jig as shown in
Figure 16.
Figure 16. Correct jig position on cutterhead.
5. If the knife does not contact the center of
the jig, or if the knife contacts the center of
the jig but both feet will not sit solidly on
the cutterhead, then the knives will need to
be adjusted.
For quick and easy knife setup, consider
purchasing a Planer Pal®. This handy tool allows
you to quickly set the knives to within .001" from
one end to the other. See “Aftermarket
Accessories” at the end of the Operations
section for more details.
17
ADJUSTMENTS
These Points Must
All Touch Evenly
Knife Adjustment
The Model W1683 is equipped with both springs
and jack screws for knife adjustment. These two
options have been provided for operator
preference. Both types have advantages and
disadvantages. Springs allow adjustments to be
made quickly, while jack screws are more
accurate. The following instructions offer
suggestions for both methods, followed by the
procedures for tightening the gib bolts.
ADJUSTMENTS
Springs under the knives exert upward pressure
while wedge-type gibs and gib bolts lock the
knives in place. See Figure 17 for cutterhead
assembly identification.
Figure 17. Understanding cutterhead assembly.
To adjust the knives using the springs:
Jack Screws support the knives from
underneath. By threading the jack screws in or
out, you can precisely control the knife height.
1. Unplug the machine from the power
source!
To adjust the knives using the jack screws:
2. Lower the jack screws completely to get
them out of the way. Loosen the gib bolts so
the knife will move upward from the
pressure of the springs.
3. Place the knife setting jig on the cutterhead
so both feet sit solidly on the cutterhead
and so that the center of the jig pushes
down on the knife (similar to Figure 16).
Make sure equal pressure is placed on both
ends of the jig and that the jig is parallel
with the cutterhead.
4. Tighten the knives by following “tightening”
instructions on the next page.
1. Unplug the machine from the power
source!
2. Loosen the gib bolts and remove the gib and
knives. Remove all of the springs and place
them in a plastic bag. Tape the bag to the
inside of the cabinet so they do not get lost.
3. Place the knives, gibs, and gib bolts back in
the cutterhead as they were before
removal. Make sure the knives are resting on
the jack screws when you install them.
4. Place the knife setting jig on the cutterhead
so both feet sit solidly on the body of the
cutterhead. If the knife does not allow the
jig to sit on the cutterhead evenly, raise or
lower the knife with the jack screws to
adjust as needed.
5. Tighten the knives by following the
“tightening” instructions on the next page.
18
To tighten the knives after adjustment:
Do not connect power to
the
machine
while
performing adjustments.
Failure to follow this
warning may result in
serious personal injury.
1
3
5
6
4
1. Snug the gib bolts on each end of the knife
but do not completely tighten them. In this
manner, work toward the center of the
knife by alternating back-and-forth from
each end of the knife. Figure 18 illustrates
order of this sequence. Make sure you only
snug the gib bolts enough to hold the knife
in place. You will tighten them more later.
2. Rotate the cutterhead and repeat knife
adjustments and step 1 tightening until you
have performed these procedures on all of
the knives.
2
Figure 18. Gib bolt tightening sequence.
Wear heavy leather gloves when tightening
gib bolts in case the wrench slips off and your
hand hits the knife. Planer knives are
dangerously sharp. If care is not taken
around them, serious injury may occur.
4. When you return to the original knife,
tighten all gibs completely in the same
fashion, repeating on all knives.
NOTICE
Uneven tightening of the gib bolts may cause
the cutterhead to become unbalanced,
which will lead to premature wear and tear
of the knives.
19
ADJUSTMENTS
3. When you come back to the knife you
started with, check the height with the jig
to make sure that it is still correct. If the
bolt height is not correct, fix as necessary
and re-snug the gib bolts; if the height is
correct, snug each bolt down a little more
in the same alternating procedure you used
before, but do not tighten the bolts
completely. Repeat again with each knife.
Feed Rollers, Chip
Breaker & Pressure
Bar
The feed rollers, the chip breaker and the
pressure bar are factory set for general planing.
If you need to alter the settings or reset them
after maintenance, these components can be
adjusted at the same time, assuming that the
knife height is set correctly. The standard
setting for the infeed roller, the chipbreaker
and the pressure bar is .004"-.008" below the
cutterhead knife at bottom dead center. The
outfeed roller should be set to .020" below the
cutterhead knife at bottom dead center.
Figure 19. Board position on table.
ADJUSTMENTS
To adjust the feed rollers, the chip breaker
and the pressure bar:
1. Unplug the machine from the power
source!
2. You will need two boards that are the same
height and are long enough to span the
entire length of the table. An easy way to
get two boards of the same height is to rip
one board down the middle.
3. Place each board across the entire length of
the table, on each side of the table, similar
to Figure 19.
Figure 20. Bottom dead center.
4. Rotate the cutterhead with the V-belt
pulley so one of the knives is at bottom
dead center. Bottom dead center is the
furthest point down that the knife reaches
in its rotation. The black line underneath
the cutterhead in Figure 20 represents
bottom dead center.
5. Raise the table up until the boards barely
touch the knife edge.
6. Lower the feed rollers onto the boards with
the adjustment controls shown in Figure
21.
Figure 21. Feed roller adjustment controls.
20
7. Lower the chipbreaker and the pressure bar
onto the boards, using the adjustment
controls shown in Figures 22 and 23.
8. Make sure that each of the adjustment
controls for the feed rollers, the
chipbreaker and the pressure bar are
backed off enough so that they will allow
the components to move below the current
position on the board.
9. To accurately perform this adjustment, you
will need a dial indicator (not included).
Place the dial indicator near the Shop Fox
name plate that is directly above the table.
Figure 22. Chipbreaker adjustment controls.
11. Lock the infeed roller, the chipbreaker and
the pressure bar in place. They should now
all be set between .004"-.008" below the
knife edge when it is at bottom dead
center.
Figure 23. Pressure bar adjustment controls.
12. The outfeed roller should still be able to
move with the table. Continue lowering the
table another .012" (.008" + .012" =.020").
The outfeed roller should now be set to
approximately .020" below the knife edge at
bottom dead center. Lock the outfeed roller
in place.
For super accurate setup, consider purchasing a
Rotacator®. This handy tool allows you to adjust
the feed rollers, chipbreaker, and pressure bar
to accuracy within .001" every time. See
“Aftermarket Accessories” at the end of the
Operations section for more details.
21
ADJUSTMENTS
10. Position the indicator plunger on the table
and lower the table .004"-.008". The feed
rollers, the chipbreaker and the pressure
bar should all move freely with the table. If
they do not, make sure that they are all
resting evenly on the boards at this current
position.
Chip Deflector
The power should not be
connected to the planer
at this time! If it is,
serious injury may occur.
A chip deflector is mounted behind the
cutterhead to keep wood chips from falling onto
the outfeed roller.
To adjust the chip deflector:
1. Loosen the chip deflector mounting bolts
shown in Figure 24.
ADJUSTMENTS
2. Make sure the deflector is angled toward
the cutterhead. Position the edge of the
deflector to approximately 1⁄16" from the
knife edge. Rotate the cutterhead with the
V-belt pulley and make sure there is enough
clearance between all the knives and the
chip deflector.
3. Re-tighten the mounting bolts and replace
the top cover.
Figure 24. Chip deflector mounting bolts.
Anti-Kickback Pawls
NOTICE
The Model W1683 features anti-kickback pawls
(shown in Figure 25) as an important safety
feature. These safety devices allow the
workpiece to enter the planer without affecting
the proper operation, but are designed to stop
the workpiece from coming back out of the
entrance in the event of a kickback.
If you use a dust collector, move the chip
deflector slightly farther away from the
knives to help remove chips better.
The anti-kickback pawls should be frequently
checked to ensure that they swing free and
easy. Do not try to lubricate the pawls.
Lubrication may cause dust to build-up, which
will restrict movement.
Proper operation of the anti-kickback pawls
is essential to the safe operation of the
planer. If they aren’t working properly,
they will not protect you if a kickback
occurs.
Figure 25. Anti-kickback pawls.
22
Chain Tensioner
The power should not be
connected to the planer
at this time! If it is,
serious injury may occur.
After setting the feed rollers, the chipbreaker
and the pressure bar, the chain tensioner
(shown in Figure 26) must be reset for the
planer to operate properly. Incorrect chain
tension may cause the feed rollers to jam or
even cause the chain to break.
To adjust the chain tensioner:
1. Remove the chain drive cover and the
backing plate.
2. Place the block of wood described on page
14 under the right side of only the outfeed
roller. Raise the table up so the block barely
touches the outfeed roller.
Figure 26. Chain tensioner.
4. Loosen tensioner bracket screw, rotate the
chain tensioner until the chain is tight, then
secure the tensioner bracket screw to keep
the tensioner in place.
A
D
B
C
5. Replace the backing plate and the chain
drive cover.
Spring Tension
Roller spring tension keeps the roller pressure
uniform as the workpiece moves through the
planer. To adjust the roller spring tension:
Figure 27. Roller spring tension adjustment
screws.
1. Figure 27 shows the four spring adjustment
screws. Adjust screws A, B & C so they
protrude 1⁄8" above the head casting.
NOTICE
More adjustments may be necessary to the
roller spring tension after the machine has
been test run and is in safe working
condition. See the Operations section for
more details.
2. Adjust screw D so it protrudes 5⁄16" above
the head casting. This extra height will
compensate for the pressure of the chain
during operation.
23
ADJUSTMENTS
3. Look at the current table height on the
scale. Raise the table up 1mm, using the
scale as a gauge. This will move the outfeed
roller up approximately .040".
Table Rollers
The table rollers should be set last so they stay
out of the way during the other adjustments.
The required height of the table rollers will vary
depending on the type of stock you intend to
plane.
As a general rule, table roller height should be
between .002" and .020" above the table (see
Figure 28). However, some stock may have
better results outside of these numbers. Often,
a small amount of trial-and-error is required to
find the best table roller height for any
particular stock. Rough stock will plane better
when the rollers are higher, and smooth stock
will have less snipe when the rollers are lower.
Figure 28. Table roller tolerances.
To adjust the table roller height:
OPERATIONS
1. Place a good straightedge across the length
of the table as shown in Figure 29.
2. Use a feeler gauge to measure the gap
between the table surface and the
straightedge, and adjust the table rollers as
described on page 14 to reach the desired
height. The gap between the straightedge
and the table should be even all the way
across the table.
Table Rollers
Figure 29. Measuring gap between straightedge
and table with a feeler gauge.
For quick and easy table roller setup, consider
purchasing a Rotacator®. This handy tool allows
you to watch the height of the table roller as
you adjust it, giving you accuracy within .001"
every time. See “Aftermarket Accessories” at
the end of the Operations section for more
details.
24
Operations
Test Run
Always
wear
safety
glasses when operating
this machine!
Before turning the machine on for the first time,
make sure you have read through the entire
manual and have performed the instructions
given in the Assembly and Adjustments sections.
Once assembly and adjustments have been
properly performed, the machine is ready to be
connected to the power. Make sure there are no
obvious safety hazards and any tools used to
assemble/adjust the machine are properly
cleared away. The table should be lowered
enough to provide plenty of room for the safe
operation of the feed rollers and the
cutterhead.
DO
NOT
investigate
problems or adjust the
planer while it is running
or plugged into power!
Press the START button. Make sure that you
remain near the switch in case you have to press
the STOP button in an emergency. Strange or
unnatural noises should be investigated and
corrected before operating the machine further.
Feed Rate
As a general rule, the faster feed rate will
dimension lumber quicker but leave a rougher
finish; the slower feed rate will have the
opposite effect and leave a smoother finish.
Often, a small amount of trial-and-error will be
the best way to determine which setting is right
for your particular application.
To change the feed roller speed, locate the feed
rate knob shown in Figure 30. The machine
must be running in order to change speeds;
however, you should NEVER be planing stock
through the machine when you switch speeds.
Start the planer and adjust the knob as
illustrated in Figure 31.
Figure 31. Feed rate knob positions.
NOTICE
DO NOT change speeds while planing or
severe damage to gearbox will result!
25
OPERATIONS
The feed rate is the speed that the rollers drive
the workpiece through the planer. The Model
W1683 features 18 and 23 F.P.M. feed rates.
Figure 30. Feed rate knob.
Operational Tips
•
OPERATIONS
•
Carefully inspect any lumber that you plan
to run through the planer. Each board must
have at least one flat surface to slide along
the planer table. To create a flat surface,
pass the stock over a jointer first. See
Figure 32. Some defects such as moderate
twisting, loose knots or severe cracks may
make the stock unusable.
Portion
Removed With
Jointer
Only use clean stock. See Figure 33. Scrape
off all glue from joined boards before
planing. Remove all dirt, nails, staples,
imbedded gravel, etc. from any lumber you
plan on using. A hidden nail in a workpiece
will instantly damage the sharp edges of the
knives. This will cause unsatisfactory results
in future operations.
•
Plane ONLY natural wood fiber. Never plane
wood composites such as particle board,
plywood or MDF. Never plane laminates,
formica or other synthetic materials.
•
Surface wood in the same direction as the
grain. Never feed end-cut or end-grained
lumber into the planer.
•
Keep your work area clear. Always make
sure that long workpieces are supported and
have enough room to exit the planer.
•
When making multiple passes with long
stock, use the top rollers to move material
back to the infeed side of the planer.
•
Avoid planing wood with a high moisture
content. Stock with more than 20%
moisture, or stock that has been exposed to
rain or snow, will plane poorly and cause
unnecessary wear on the knives and motor.
Excess moisture may also cause rust or
corrosion problems.
Figure 32. Face joint the concave side of cupped
stock before planing.
Figure 33. Only plane clean stock.
26
Troubleshooting
Planing Results
Wavy Surface — Usually caused by poor knife
height adjustment. Appears when one knife is
taking deeper cuts than the others. Can be fixed
by resetting the knives to a tolerance within
.001" from one end to the other.
Planing results are affected by the species and
condition of the wood, how the planer is setup,
and the condition of the knives. The following
characteristics
are
common
problems
woodworkers might have while planing.
Note that one knife being slightly higher than
the others will also result in that knife dulling at
a faster rate, because it is doing more work.
Chipped Grain — Frequently a result of planing
against the grain. May also be caused by wood
with knots or cross grain, dull knives or a
misaligned chipbreaker. Chipped Grain can
usually be avoided by slowing down the feed
rate and by taking more shallow cuts. Inspect
your lumber and determine if grain is causing
the problem.
Snipe — Where more material is removed from
board ends than the middle of the board. This
condition occurs with all planers to some
degree. Usually exaggerated when one or both
bed rollers are set too high, this condition can
also be caused by the chipbreaker or the
pressure bar being set too high. Adjustment of
the above components should reduce snipe
beyond notice.
Fuzzy Grain — Commonly caused by surfacing
lumber with too high of a moisture content.
Fuzzy grain can also be caused by dull knives or
an incorrect grinding bevel on the knives. Check
stock with a moisture meter. Anything over 20%
should be stickered and allowed to dry.
Chatter Marks — Usually caused by incorrect
chipbreaker and pressure bar settings. Can also
be caused by running a narrow workpiece
through the planer on the far left or right side of
the cutterhead. Shows up in the form of a
“washboard” look across the face of the freshly
planed workpiece. Likely to be inconsistent in
appearance.
Chip Marks — Occur when chips are not properly
expelled from the cutterhead. The chips get
caught between the knives and the workpiece,
hindering the ability of the knife to take an even
cut. Chip marks usually appear as random and
uneven. They can also be caused by exhaust
blockage or too large of a gap between the chip
deflector and the cutterhead. Using a dust
collector with the planer will help this situation.
Pitch & Glue Build-Up — Resin or glue build-up
on the rollers and the cutterhead will cause
over-heating by decreasing the cutting
sharpness while increasing drag in the feed
mechanism. Scorched lumber, as well as uneven
knife marks and chatter, can result.
27
OPERATIONS
Glossy Surface — Most often caused by dull
knives taking shallow cuts at a slow feed speed.
The lumber usually gets scorched and blackens
the surface of the stock; eventually damage to
the knives will occur. If knives are sharp and a
glossy surface still results, increase the feed
speed or cutting depth.
AFTERMARKET
SETUP ACCESSORIES
To make the setup process easier and more
accurate, consider some of the aftermarket
products available.
Here are some basic aftermarket items you
might want to consider:
•
Figure 34. Measuring table-to-cutterhead with
Rotacator® in upward position.
Planer Pal® — Using powerful neodymium
magnets, Planer Pal® (Figure 36) hold knives
in place while freeing both hands to tighten
the gib. Place one of these jigs on each end
of the cutterhead, and you can set the
knives in perfect alignment every time.
OPERATIONS
•
Rotacator® — A rotating dial indicator on a
magnetic base. Shown in Figures 34 and 35,
this handy device allows you to set your
table within .001" from being parallel with
the cutterhead. The Rotacator® is
indispensable for adjusting the table rollers
and is also great for precisely setting feed
rollers, the chip breaker and the pressure
bar.
Figure 35. Measuring table roller height with
Rotacator® in downward position.
Figure 36. Planer Pal® knife setting jig.
28
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning
Disconnect power to the
machine when performing
any
maintenance
or
repairs. Failure to do this
may result in serious
personal injury.
Frequently blow-off dust with compressed air.
This is especially important for the internal
working parts and motor. Dust build-up around
the motor is a sure way to decrease its life span.
Occasionally it will become necessary to clean
the internal parts with more than compressed
air. To do this, remove the covers and clean the
internal parts with a citrus cleaner or mineral
spirits and a stiff wire brush or steel wool. DO
NOT USE WATER—WATER WILL RUST CAST IRON.
Make sure the internal workings are dry before
using the planer again. If any essential
lubrication is removed during cleaning,
relubricate those areas.
Inspect your planer for
loose nuts and bolts. Make
sure that all tools are
cleared away from the
machine.
Table And Base
General
The table can be kept rust-free with regular
applications of products like Boeshield® T-9. For
long term storage, you may want to consider
products like Kleen Bore's Rust Guardit™.
Regular periodic maintenance on your Model
W1683 20" Planer will ensure its optimum
performance. Make a habit of inspecting your
planer each time you use it.
Check for the following conditions and repair
or replace when necessary:
Loose mounting bolts.
Worn switch.
Worn or damaged cords and plugs.
Damaged V-belt.
Any other condition that could hamper the
safe operation of this machine.
MAINTENANCE
•
•
•
•
•
29
Lubrication
Since all bearings are sealed and permanently
lubricated, leave them alone until they need to
be replaced. Do not lubricate them.
MAINTENANCE
The Model W1683 does need lubrication in other
places.
•
Columns and Lead Screws — Remove dust
covers for access. Lubricate columns weekly
with light oil, and lubricate the four lead
screws once a month with general purpose
grease.
•
Worm Gear — Inspect the worm gear
monthly and lubricate when needed. The
worm gear box will need to be removed to
perform the inspection. See Figure 37.
•
Chain — Inspect the table height
adjustment chain monthly and lubricate as
needed. Use high quality chain lubricant for
best results.
•
Gear Box — Drain the gear box after the
first 20 hours of operation. Figure 38 shows
the gear box drain and fill plugs. Refill with
80-90w gear oil. The oil level should reach
the top of the filler plug port. After the
initial change, inspect fluid levels
periodically and change yearly. If your
planer receives heavy use, change the gear
oil more frequently.
•
Drive Chain — Inspect and lubricate the
drive chain monthly. Check the sprockets,
the chain, and the master links during
inspection. Use a general purpose grease to
lubricate the chain.
•
Feed Rollers — Lubricate feed rollers daily
before start-up. Figure 39 shows the
lubrication points for the feed rollers. These
are screws that have holes drilled through
them to allow oiling. Make sure that dust is
not trapped in these screws and apply 2
drops of light oil in each to penetrate the
bearings. Do not lubricate more than this or
the excess will end up on the floor.
Figure 37. Worm gear.
Drain Plug
Fill Plug
Figure 38. Gear box drain and fill plugs.
Figure 39. Bearing lubrication points.
30
Belt Tension
Frequently inspect the V-belt tension during the
first twenty hours of operation. During this
period, the belts will stretch a little.
To adjust belt tension, lower the motor slightly
by loosening the lower check nuts shown in
Figure 40. When belt tension is satisfactory,
tighten the upper check nuts down onto the
motor bracket to secure it.
DO NOT over-tighten the check nuts—too much
pressure at the wrong angle may break the
motor mount casting ears.
Figure 40. V-belt adjustment check nuts.
Pulley Alignment
The V-belt pulleys should be properly aligned
with each other to prevent premature belt
wear. Check the alignment with a good quality
straightedge as shown in Figure 41.
To align the pulleys:
1. Loosen the belt tension check nuts so the
motor will freely move up and down.
2. Loosen, but do not remove, the 4 bolts that
secure the motor to the motor mounting
plate.
Figure 41. Aligning V-belt pulleys.
4. When the pulleys are aligned, tighten the 4
motor mount bolts.
5. Tension the V-belts and replace the belt
cover.
31
MAINTENANCE
3. Slide the motor as needed to align the
pulleys.
Wiring Diagram
5 HP Magnetic Switch -L.Z. Type
SINGLE-PHASE
220 VOLT POWER SOURCE
A
R/1/L1
S/3/L2
T/5/L3
Disconnect
power
from
machine before performing
any electrical service. Failure
to do this will result in a
shock hazard leading to injury
#15
#13
GROUND
ON
B
#14
U/2/T1
V/4/T2
W/6/T3
#16
OFF
RESET
1/2
3/4
5/6
MAINTENANCE
34 28
96
22
98
95
MOTOR
32
TROUBLESHOOTING
This section covers the most common processing problems encountered in planing and what to do about
them. Do not make any adjustments until planer is unplugged and moving parts have come to a complete
stop.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Motor will not start.
1.
2.
Low voltage.
Open circuit in motor or loose
connections.
1.
2.
Check power line for proper voltage.
Inspect all lead connections on motor for loose or open
connections.
Motor will not start; fuses 1.
or circuit breakers blow.
2.
Short circuit in line cord or plug.
Short circuit in motor or loose
connections.
Incorrect fuses or circuit
breakers in power line.
1.
2.
3.
Inspect cord or plug for damaged insulation and shorted wires.
Inspect all connections on motor for loose or shorted terminals
or worn insulation.
Install correct fuses or circuit breakers.
Motor overloaded.
Air circulation through
motor restricted.
1.
2.
Reduce load on motor.
Clean out motor to provide normal air circulation.
Short circuit in motor or loose
connections.
Low voltage.
Incorrect fuses or circuit
breakers in power line.
Motor overloaded.
1.
2
3.
Inspect connections on motor for loose or shorted terminals or
worn insulation.
Correct the low voltage conditions.
Install correct fuses or circuit breakers.
4.
Reduce load on motor.
Feed rate too high.
Depth of cut too great.
1.
2.
Feed workpiece slower.
Reduce depth of cut.
Loud, repetitious noise 1.
coming from machine
2.
3.
Pulley setscrews or keys are
missing or loose.
Motor fan is hitting the cover.
V-belt is defective
1.
2.
Inspect keys and setscrews. Replace or tighten if necessary.
Tighten fan or shim cover.
3.
Replace V-belt. See Maintenance.
Machine is loud when 1.
cutting. Overheats or bogs 2.
down in the cut.
Excessive depth of cut.
Knives are dull
1.
2.
Decrease depth of cut.
Sharpen knives.
Infeed roller marks are left 1.
on the workpiece.
Depth of cut too shallow.
1.
Increase depth of cut.
Outfeed roller marks are 1.
left on right side of
workpiece.
Too much spring tension on feed
roller.
1.
Refer to Adjustments, Spring Tension.
1.
Long or heavy board sags as it
enters and exits.
1.
Lift up on unsupported end of board as it enters and exits
cutterhead.
Chip buildup on outfeed 1.
roller.
Chips working their way back
under the chip deflector.
1.
Lay duct tape over the mounting bolts along the outside edge
to seal any possible gaps.
Machine howls on startup.
1.
Chip deflector too close to the
cutterhead.
1.
Move back 1/8" to 1/4" from the cutterhead.
Table moves down while
cutting.
1.
Knives dull
1.
Replace knives.
3.
Motor overheats.
1.
2.
Motor stalls (resulting in 1.
blown fuses or tripped
circuit).
2.
3.
4.
Machine
operating.
slows
when 1.
2.
Cannot control snipe.
the
33
MAINTENANCE
SYMPTOM
CLOSURE
The following pages contain general machine
data, parts diagrams/lists and warranty/return
information for your Shop Fox® Model W1683 20"
Planer.
We recommend you keep this manual for
complete information regarding Woodstock
International, Inc.’s warranty and return policy.
If you need additional technical information
relating to this machine, or if you need general
assistance or replacement parts, please contact
the Service Department at 1-360-734-3482 or
tech-support@woodstockint.com.
If you need parts or help in assembling your
machine, or if you need operational
information, we encourage you to call our
Service Department. Our trained service
technicians will be glad to help you.
Additional information sources are necessary to
realize the full potential of this machine. Trade
journals, woodworking magazines and your local
library are good places to start.
If you have comments dealing specifically with
this manual, please write to us using the
address in General Information part of this
manual. The specifications, drawings and
photographs illustrated in this manual represent
the Model W1683 as supplied when the manual
was prepared. However, due to Woodstock
International, Inc.’s policy of continuous
improvement, changes may be made at any
time with no obligation on the part of
Woodstock International, Inc. Whenever
possible, though, we send manual updates to all
owners of a particular tool or machine. Should
you receive one, add the new information to
this manual and keep it for reference.
As with all power tools, there is danger
associated with the Model W1683. Use the
tool with respect and caution to lessen the
possibility of mechanical damage or
operator injury. If normal safety
precautions are overlooked or ignored,
injury to the operator or others is likely.
The Model W1683 was specifically designed for
cutting natural wood stock. DO NOT MODIFY
AND/OR USE THIS PLANER FOR ANY OTHER
PURPOSE. Modifications or improper use of
this tool will void the warranty. If you are
confused about any aspect of this machine, DO
NOT use it until all your questions have been
answered.
We have included some important safety
measures that are essential to the operation of
this machine. While most safety measures are
generally universal, we remind you that each
workshop is different and safety rules should be
considered as they apply to your specific
situation.
34
85
85
PARTS
35
84
54
107
104
95
56
55
23
101
80
15
23
80
83
37
38
15
38
37
14
100
38
37
25
24
2
47
40
41
30
102
35
90
53
25
16
26
52
34
26
89
19
75
1
48
40
51
69
108
103
23
22
23
17
19
20
18
88
94
95
6
86
70
39
4
98
12
64
13
19
96
36
44
25
38
37
44
73
62
63
19
42
97
43
21
46
38
37
76
78 65
20
38
29
37
57
77
58
60
61
20
82
81
79
95
107
57
59
58
57
66
32
8
7
93
92
3
35
50
67
87
5
105
109
33
9
68
49
PARTS
REF
PART #
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
29
30
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
X1683001
XPSS13M
X1683003
X1683004
X1683005
X1683006
XPB17M
X1683008
X1683009
XP6206
XPK09M
X1683014
X1683015
XPSS12M
X1683017
X1683018
X1683019
X1683020
X1683021
X1683022
XPB09M
XPSS11M
XPN01M
XPK21M
XPB18M
X1683030
X1683032
XPR03M
X1683034
XPN09M
X1683036
XPW03M
XPB02M
X1683039
X1683040
X1683041
XPLW04M
X1683043
XPSS11M
X1683046
X1683047
X1683048
X1683049
X1683050
XPEC06M
X1683052
XPFH02M
X1683054
X1683055
DESCRIPTION
HEADCASTING
SETSCREW M10-1.5 X 12
CUTTERHEAD
SPRING
BLADES FOR PLANER
GIB
HEX BOLT M8-1.25 X 10
KNIFE GAUGE W/BAR
JACK SCREW
BEARING 6206
KEY 8 X 8 X 36
CUTTERHEAD PULLEY
SPECIAL WASHER 5⁄16" X 13⁄16"
SETSCREW M6-1.0 X 25
MOTOR PULLEY
INFEED ROLLER
BUSHING BLOCK
SPRING
OILER SETSCREW
PLATE
HEX BOLT M8-1.25 X 20
SETSCREW M6-1.0 X 16
HEX NUT M6-1.0
KEY 5 X 5 X 23
HEX BOLT M6-1.0 X 15
OUTFEED ROLLER
LOCKING ROD
EXT RETAINING RING 12MM
CHIP BREAKER
HEX NUT M12-1.75
CHIP BREAKER SPRING
FLAT WASHER 6MM
HEX BOLT M6-1 X 12
SHAFT
BRACKET
PRESSURE BAR
LOCK WASHER 8MM
SHAFT
SETSCREW M6-1.0 X 16
SPRING PLATE
CHIP DEFLECTOR PLATE
ANTI-KICKBACK FINGER
SPACER
SHAFT
E-CLIP 20MM
DEPTH LIMITER
FLT HD SCR M6-1.0 X 12
UPPER COVER
GASKET
36
REF
PART #
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
73
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
100
101
102
103
104
105
107
108
109
X1683056
X1683057
X1683058
XPSB01M
X1683060
XPSB37M
X1683062
XP6201
XPR29M
XPK05M
X1683066
X1683067
X1683068
X1683069
XPS08M
X1683073
X1683075
XPB04M
X1683077
XPSB11M
X1683079
X1683080
XPW07
XPN02
XPVM59
X1683084
X1683085
X1683086
X1683087
XPN06M
X1672123
X1683090
X1683092
X1683093
X1683094
XPSB04M
XPSS14M
X1683097
X1683098
X1683100
X1677219
X1672497
X1683103
X1683104
X1672498
XPLW03M
XPS09M
XPSW01-1
DESCRIPTION
DUST HOOD
ROLLER STAND
ROLLER
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 16
WORM GEAR BOX
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 50
WORM
BEARING 6201
SNAP RING 32MM
KEY 4 X 4 X 10
HANDWHEEL
SPECIAL WASHER 1⁄2" X 11⁄8"
HANDLE
SCALE
PHLP HD SCR M5-0.8 X 12
COVER
SAFETY HATCH
HEX BOLT M6-1.0X10
SAFETY HATCH
CAP SCREW M8-1.25 X 16
PULLEY GUARD
STUD
FLAT WASHER 5⁄16"
HEX NUT 5⁄16" X 18
V-BELT M59 3L590
PULLEY COVER
KNOB
SWITCH BRACKET
MAGNETIC SWITCH
HEX NUT M5-0.8
SHOP FOX PLAQUE
RIVET
STRAIN RELIEF
POWER CORD
STAR WASHER #10
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 10
SETSCREW M8-1.25 X 12
RETAINER
COLLAR
W1683 ID/WARNING LABEL
READ MANUAL LABEL
SAFETY GLASSES LABEL
EAR PROTECTION LABEL
COVER REMOVAL LABEL
ELECTRICITY LABEL
LOCK WASHER 6MM
PHLP HD SCR M5-0.8 X 10
SWITCH COVER SCREW
206
211
207
SP A C E
204
-
CO.
20
EARING
EB
1TR
AG
6
203
SP A C E
-
20
EARING
EB
1TR
AG
CO.
212
6
202
205
SP A C E
AG
CO.
SP A C E
-
1TR
6
20
EARING
EB
1TR
AG
203
CO.
20
EARING
EB
211
6
209
208
208
209
211
201
204
217
216
210
215
207
214
213
212
211
531
206
532
PARTS
37
EAR
IN G
C
320
319
301
327
IN G
C
326
EAR
Z
323
324
321
303
305
304
620 2
325
318
317
316
302
313
314
SP
305
B
E- A G E
305
Z
307
303
CE-AGE B
307
.
O
AC
307
S
PARTS
Z
38
PA
.
O
62 0 2
Z
313
314
317
318
316
332
331
333
334
327
310
328
326
315
306
307
308
309
311
329
330
312
414
415
413
419
406
406
405
407
404
412
409
411
410
409
410
409
409
408
403
404
408
401
402
403
406
418
417
39
PARTS
402
PARTS
REF
PART #
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
X1683201
X1683202
XP6201
X1683204
XPSS04M
X1683206
X1683207
X1683208
X1683209
XPSB61M
X1683211
X1683212
XPB32M
XPW04M
X1683215
XPSB04M
XPLW03M
X1683301
XPSS13M
X1683303
X1683304
X1683305
X1683306
X1683307
X1683308
XPR22M
XPK10M
X1683311
XPR03M
XP6202
XPR21M
XPK08M
X1683316
X1683317
DESCRIPTION
MIDDLE TABLE
ROLLER
BEARING 6201
ECCENTRIC SHAFT
SETSCREW M6-1.0 X 12
THREADED GIB
LOCK ROD
GIB
KNOB
CAP SCREW M10-1.25 X 20
EXT ROLLER BAR
EXTENSION ROLLER
HEX BOLT M10-1.5 X 25
FLAT WASHER 10MM
POINTER
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 10
LOCK WASHER 6MM
BASE
SETSCREW M10-1.5 X 12
COLUMN
COLUMN
LEADSCREW
LEADSCREW
LEADSCREW NUT
BUSHING
INT RETAINING RING 38MM
KEY 5 X 5 X 12
GEAR
EXT RETAINING RING 12MM
BALL BEARING 6202
INT RETAINING RING 35MM
KEY 5 X 5 X 16
SPROCKET
WASHER
40
REF
PART #
318
319
320
321
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
417
418
419
XPN08M
XPW01M
XPB07M
X1683321
X1683323
XPR05M
X1683325
X1683326
XPR08M
X1683328
PHTEK5
X1683330
XPB33M
XPW06M
XPLW05M
XPN09M
X1683401
X1683402
XPFH06M
X1683404
X1683405
XPSS20M
X1683407
X1683408
XPN09M
XPW01
XPB07M
X1683412
XPN03M
X1683414
XPK36M
X1683417
X1683418
XPW01M
DESCRIPTION
HEX NUT M10-1.25
FLAT WASHER 8MM
HEX BOLT M8-1.25 X 25
BRACKET W/ SHAFT
SPROCKET
SNAP RING 15MM
CHAIN
CRANE POST
EXT RETAINING RING 19MM
PIPE BAND
TAP SCREW 10-24 X 1⁄2"
EXPANSION BAND
HEX BOLT M12-1.75 X 50
FLAT WASHER 12MM
LOCK WASHER 12MM
HEX NUT M12-1.75
STAND
COVER
FLAT HD SCREW M6-1.0 X 20
BAR
MOTOR MOUNT
SETSCREW M8-1.25 X 8
COLLAR
ADJUSTABLE BOLT
HEX NUT M12-1.75
FLAT WASHER 1⁄2''
HEX BOLT M8-1.25 X 25
SPECIAL WASHER 5⁄16'' X 7⁄8''
HEX NUT
5HP MOTOR
KEY 5 X 5 X 50
POWER CORD
STRAIN RELIEF
FLAT WASHER 8MM
538
537
G
CO.
511
6201ZZ
509
IN
ENDU
A
RING BEAR
508
508
510
RING BEAR
IN
G
CO.
508
202ZZ
507
513
6201ZZ
C
534
RING BEAR
IN
G
ENDU
535
CO.
503
A
B
G
504
B
RING BEAR
IN
506
505
ENDU
ENDU
540
CO.
CO.
C
RING BEAR
IN
G
ENDU
G
ENDU
IN
514
508 520
6201ZZ
501
D
512
403
6204ZZ
RING BEAR
CO.
6204ZZ
536
523
517
524
502
522
521
Y ROTAC
A
T
O
R
OVE
I L
M
508
6
20 1 Z Z
539
539
D
533
605
530
618
529
531
532
601
608
612
602
609
611
603
610
605
614
604
607
602
613
602
603
606
617
603
616
615
PARTS
41
PARTS
REF
PART #
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
517
520
521
522
523
524
529
530
531
532
533
X1683501
X1683502
XP6204
X1683503
XPSB02M
X1683506
XPSB28M
XP6201
X1683509
X1683510
XPK10M
X1683512
XPK06M
X1683514
X1683517
XPK11M
X1683521
X1683522
X1683523
X1683524
X1683529
X1683530
XPW03M
XPB02M
X1683533
DESCRIPTION
GEAR BOX
OIL SEAL 28-40-8
BALL BEARING 6204
GEAR
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 20
SPECIAL WASHER 1⁄4" X 7⁄8"
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 15
BALL BEARING 6201
GEAR
GEAR AND SHAFT
KEY 5 X 5 X 12
GEAR
KEY 5 X 5 X 10
GEAR, 2-SPEED
DOUBLE GEAR
KEY 6 X 6 X 40
BALL 6MM
SPRING
SHAFT
OIL SEAL 25 X 47 X 7
SHIFTER
SHIFTING SHAFT HANDLE
FLAT WASHER 6MM
HEX BOLT M6-1.0 X 12
O-RING 12MM
42
REF
PART #
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
X1683534
X1683535
X1683536
X1683537
XPSB06M
X1683539
XPSB05M
X1683601
X1683602
XPSB18M
X1683604
XPRP07M
X1683606
XPSB04M
X1683608
X1683609
X1683610
X1683611
X1683612
X1683613
X1683614
X1683615
XPSB48M
XPW03M
DESCRIPTION
KNOB
PIN
GASKET
GEAR CASE
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 25
OIL PLUG
CAP SCREW M8-1.25 X 50
SPROCKET
SPECIAL WASHER 1⁄4" X 7⁄8"
CAP SCREW M4-0.7 X 8
SPROCKET
ROLL PIN 6X20
CHAIN 33 LINKS
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 10
CHAIN TENSIONER
SHAFT
HANGER
SPRING
SPACER
OUTER CHAIN TENSIONER
SPROCKET
CHAIN 25 LINKS
CAP SCREW M6-1.0 X 35
FLAT WASHER 6MM
WARRANTY CARD
Name___________________________________________________________________________________________
Street___________________________________________________________________________________________
City ______________________________________________________________State________Zip______________
Phone Number_______________________E-Mail_______________________FAX_____________________________
MODEL # W1683 20" Planer
SERIAL#
The following information is given on a voluntary basis and is strictly confidential.
1.
Where did you purchase your Shop Fox® machine?
__________________________________________________________
2.
How did you first learn about us?
___Advertisement
___Mail order Catalog
___World Wide Web Site
10.
___Air Compressor
___Panel Saw
___Band Saw
___Planer
___Drill Press
___Power Feeder
___Drum Sander
___Radial Arm Saw
___Dust Collector
___Shaper
___Horizontal Boring Machine
___Spindle Sander
___Jointer
___Table Saw
___Lathe
___Vacuum Veneer Press
___Mortiser
___Wide Belt Sander
___Other__________________________________________________
___Friend
___Local Store
___Other__________________________________________________
CUT ALONG DOTTED LINE
3.
Which of the following magazines do you subscribe to.
___American Woodworker
___Today’s Homeowner
___Cabinetmaker
___WOOD
___Family Handyman
___Wooden Boat
___Fine Homebuilding
___Woodshop News
___Fine Woodworking
___Woodsmith
___Home Handyman
___Woodwork
___Journal of Light Construction
___Woodworker
___Old House Journal
___Woodworker’s Journal
___Popular Mechanics
___Workbench
___Popular Science
___American How-To
___Popular Woodworking
___Other__________________________________________________
4.
11.
12.
6.
14.
What new accessories would you like Woodstock International to carry?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
15.
Do you think your purchase represents good value?
___Yes
16.
___Advanced
___Master Craftsman
How many Shop Fox® machines do you own? ___________________
17.
___No
Would you recommend Shop Fox® products to a friend?
___Yes
___8 - 20 Years
___20+ Years
How would you rank your woodworking skills?
___Simple
___Intermediate
9.
___50-59
___60-69
___70 +
How long have you been a woodworker?
___0 - 2 Years
___2 - 8 Years
8.
What machines/supplies would you like to see?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
What is your age group?
___20-29
___30-39
___40-49
7.
13.
What is your annual household income?
___$60,000-$69,999
___$70,000-$79,999
___$80,000-$89,999
___$90,000 +
Which portable/hand held power tools do you own? Check all that apply.
___Belt Sander
___Orbital Sander
___Biscuit Joiner
___Palm Sander
___Circular Saw
___Portable Planer
___Detail Sander
___Saber Saw
___Drill/Driver
___Reciprocating Saw
___Miter Saw
___Router
___Other__________________________________________________
Which of the following woodworking/remodeling shows do you watch?
___$20,000-$29,999
___$30,000-$39,999
___$40,000-$49,999
___$50,000-$59,999
Which benchtop tools do you own? Check all that apply.
___1" x 42" Belt Sander
___6" - 8" Grinder
___5" - 8" Drill Press
___Mini Lathe
___8" Table Saw
___10" - 12" Thickness Planer
___8" - 10" Bandsaw
___Scroll Saw
___Disc/Belt Sander
___Spindle/Belt Sander
___Mini Jointer
___Other__________________________________________________
___Backyard America
___The New Yankee Workshop
___Home Time
___This Old House
___The American Woodworker
___Woodwright’s Shop
___Other__________________________________________________
5.
What stationary woodworking tools do you own? Check all that apply.
___No
Comments:________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
FOLD ALONG DOTTED LINE
Place
Stamp
Here
WOODSTOCK INTERNATIONAL, INC.
P.O. BOX 2309
BELLINGHAM, WA 98227-2309
FOLD ALONG DOTTED LINE
TAPE ALONG EDGES--PLEASE DO NOT STAPLE
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