Catálogo Hidrófonos Teledyne Reson: Descargar

Catálogo Hidrófonos Teledyne Reson: Descargar
CATALOGUE
STANDARD TRANSDUCERS
AND HYDROPHONES
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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1
Table of contents
Introduction
Contents and Scope of this Catalogue..........................................3
Calibration method.........................................................................4
Interpretation of calibration plots....................................................5
Company background....................................................................5
Warrenty.........................................................................................6
Technical service...........................................................................6
Transducers & Hydrophones Overviews
Application Reference List (Table I)...............................................7
Short Form Specifications (Table II)...............................................8
Transducers & Hydrophone Specifications,
Typical Beam Patterns and Curves
Serie 1000 - Low Frequency Transducers.....................................11
Serie 2000 - Echosounder Transducers........................................15
Serie 3000 - High Frequency Transducers....................................25
Serie 4000 - Hydrophones.............................................................29
Accessories Specifications
Hydrophone Accessories...............................................................
Diagram on Accessories................................................................
Cable Guide...................................................................................
Cables and Accessories.................................................................
57
73
74
75
Basic Acoustics
Electro-Acoustic Properties............................................................ 78
Electro-Acoustic Equations............................................................ 79
Definitions, References and Decibels............................................ 80
Underwater Sound......................................................................... 81
Beam Patterns and Directivity....................................................... 82
Underwater Sound Transmission.................................................. 83
Sound pressure Levels.................................................................. 85
This catalogue is for informational purposes only. RESON assumes no liability whatsoever for designs and applications or other
uses based solely upon information, specifications and formulae shown in this catalogue.
Version CAT13999-1
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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Introduction
CONTENTS AND SCOPE OF THIS CATALOGUE
Thank you for your interest in RESON transducers and
hydrophones. This catalogue presents our line of standard transducers and hydrophones for use in underwater acoustics. The transducers fall within the following
main categories:
1000 series
Hemispherical, broad band. Typical applications are for
Transponders, Pingers and Acoustic Telemetry.
2000 series
Directional low/mid frequencies. Typical applications are
for Echosounders and Side Scan Systems.
3000 series
Directional, high frequency. Typical applications are for
Sound Velocity Probes, NDT.
4000 series
Omnidirectional. Typical applications are for Reference
Hydrophones, Reference Projectors, Sonar Arrays and
Positioning Systems.
Our catalogue has been designed to facilitate your
choice of relevant transducers for your application
needs in a quick and straight-forward manner. Detailed
specifications will be found in Section 3 and 4 of this
catalogue, while a quick guide is presented in the
following overviews and entries:
Table I
Applications reference list, page 7.
Table II
Short form specifications for transducers and hydrophones, page 9.
In the Short Form Specifications, the following terms
and abbreviations are used for general categorisation of
RESON transducers:
Type:
The transducers are categorised according to their general function as hydrophones and/or projectors.
Hydro:
The transducer may be used as a passive hydrophone,
(i.e. sound receiver in liquid).
Proj:
The transducer may be used as a projector, (i.e. sound
source in liquid).
Frequency:
Catagorisation according to the serial resonant frequency of the transducers or, for the 4000 series, the
maximum usable frequency.
Depth:
While RESON transducers are survival tested to greater
depths, the figures quoted are maximum operating
depths in meters.
Beam pattern:
The beam patterns or directional response of the
transducers are shown according to the categories
below. Where applicable, opening angles are quoted
as -3dB angles in degrees at the resonant frequency of
the transducers (or at the stated frequency of the 4000
series).
Conical:
Transducers with conical beam patterns possess opening angles as shown in the vertical directional response
column.
RESON main office in Denmark
Omni/Hemi:
Transducers in this category have omnidirectional or
hemispherical beam patterns.
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3
Introduction
CALIBRATION METHOD
Narrow:
Transducers in this category have an opening angle
of less than 10° in either the horizontal or the vertical
plane.
Horiz.:
Figures in this column are horizontal opening angles for
transducers which do not have a conical beam pattern.
Vert.:
Figures in this column are vertical opening angles for all
transducers including those with conical beam patterns.
Power:
In general, values quoted are maximum electrical power
loads in Watts with a duty cycle of max. 1% at the resonant frequency. However, for hydrophones which can
be used as calibrated projectors, the values quoted are
the maximum voltage that may be used over the whole
frequency band.
Weight:
Values shown are dry weight in kilograms. This weight
includes the cable, where this is supplied as standard.
RESON’s acoustic test facility is a completely
integrated package to document all acoustic products
in the frequency range 3kHz to 5MHz. It includes an advanced report generator for: Directional response plots,
Transmitting/Receiving response plots, Impe-dance/
Admittance plots plus Reciprocity Calibration. The test
facility further encompasses high pressure tanks with
pressure ranges up to 700 bar.
The standard calibration method using a reference is
performed on virtually all of the transducers and hydrophones in this catalogue. The reference hydrophones
used in the standard calibration method have all been
reciprocity calibrated. In this method three hydrophones
are set up equidistant from each other and are measured. This method is available on all our of standard
reference hydrophones as an option.
In order to avoid reflections in the tank, pulsegated
measurements are made. Voltage, current and impedance are all measured within the same gated pulse.
The pulse length is only limited by its wavelength and
the size of the tank. At RESON A/S, the calibration tank
is 4.5 x 2.5 x 3 m.
Housing:
Materials and standard cable lengths are shown. Cables
may be supplied in lengths to suit individual requirements.
Documentation:
Possible documentation includes plots of Impedance
(Z), Receiving response (RR), Transmitting response
(TR),
Horizontal directional response (DR-H) and Vertical
directional response (DR-V). These columns indicate
standard and optional test documentation available for
each transducer. Documentation shown in brackets is
optional. For all transducers a Certificate of Conformity
may be supplied upon request.
We also welcome enquiries on purpose-designed
transducers in larger quantities to meet customer-specific needs. For presentation and quantification of your
specific requirements, please refer to our Transducer
and Hydrophone Questionnaire, which you will find on
our home page at www.reson.com.
Complete calibration test facility at RESON in Denmark
For the most exacting applications, RESON also
provides calibrations traceable to national standards
established at the National Physical Laboratory, UK.
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Introduction
INTERPRETATION OF CALIBRATION PLOTS
COMPANY BACKGROUND
Directional Response Plot
The directional response plot shows the ratio
between the acoustic power in a selected direction
and the acoustic power of a simple source
emitting the same power as the directive source.
(Dimensionless).
RESON was founded in 1976 and has since
grown to become one of the global leaders in
design and manufacture of underwater acoustic
sensors and multidisciplinary measuring systems.
The corporate headquarters are located in Denmark,
and wholly owned subsidiaries have been established
in California; United Kingdom; Germany; South Africa;
Singapore; The Netherlands; and in Italy.
Quality is a key word for all RESON activities, and all
standard products are produced, documented
and tested according to our ISO 9001: 2000 quality
system.
Response Plot
The response plot utilises the “comparison method”
to measure the response (transmitting and
receiving) of the transducer or hydrophone.
This is performed against a reference hydrophone,
and a plot of the response against frequency
over the selected frequency range is produced.
The receiving response is determined in
dB re V/µPa, and the transmitting response in
dB re 1 µPa/V at 1 metre.
Impedance Plot
The impedance plot shows the input impedance
of a transducer used as a projector.
A plot of the impedance (showing real and
imaginary parts separately) against frequency
over the selected frequency range is produced.
The impedance is measured using a burst signal.
This avoids the creation of standing waves
in the test tank which distort the measurement.
High pressure test tank. Pressure range up to 700 bar.
CAPABILITIES
Certified assemblers are trained in a wide variety of flexible
manufacturing processes for both high and low volume productions.
RESONs line of advanced, high quality products, from
transducers to real-time, multi-beam profiling and imaging sonar systems, is based upon a continuing research
and development effort.
RESON spends some 30% of its annual turnover on
R&D covering technologies such as acoustic and finite
element transducer modelling, signal processing, software and electronics hardware.
These activities are carried out, in many cases, in
collaboration with universities and other research
establishments both nationally and worldwide.
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Introduction
Over the last years, RESON has been the industrial
partner in a considerable number of R&D projects
sponsored by the European Community.
This collaboration has resulted in the development of
new reference hydrophones and has included studies
on European acoustic calibration facilities.
If a product upon inspection by RESON or its authorised
representatives is found to be defective, excepting
damage or fair wear and tear, RESON, at the company’s discretion, will repair or replace the product free of
charge. Transportation costs shall be to the account of
the Customer.
The RESON R&D and quality assurance groups are
staffed by engineers and technicians highly qualified in
all the pertinent engineering disciplines, from acoustics
to mechanical and electronic engineering. The certified
production assemblers are trained in a wide variety of
flexible manufacturing processes to cover both high and
low volume productions.
RESON shall not be liable for any loss or damage
arising out of or in connection with the use of its
products.
TECHNICAL SERVICE
RESOURCES AND FACILITIES
RESON operates a full technical service function for
inspection, adjustment and repair of all its standard
products.
All RESON transducers and other products are manufactured and tested to meet the most stringent demands
for quality, reliability and durability.
Service contracts are available, ensuring RESONs
customers optimum utilization, maintenance and performance of their RESON products.
In order to meet these standards, RESON has invested
in the latest technology and resources to support
design, development, production and quality management.
Also, RESONs service function undertakes assistance
pertaining to on-site trouble shooting, installation and
training.
These include:
•
Computer aided design workstations.
•
Automatic acoustic test tank (RESONs own design for on-site high precision acoustic
calibration, including advanced facilities for data acquisition, storage and presentation.
•
High-pressure tanks with pressure ranges up to 700 bars.
•
Full testing facilities and laboratories for testing, quality assurance and production, in accordance to our ISO 9001: 2000 quality system.
Technical service function for inspection, adjustment and repair
of all standard products.
WARRANTY
All RESON products are sold with a twelve month
warranty covering any defects in materials and workmanship or failure to meet the given tolerances and
specifications.
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Table I
Applications Reference List
Product No.
TC
1026
TC
1037
TC
2003
TC
2024
TC
2111
TC
2122
TC
2178
•
•
•
•
•
TC
3021
TC
3027
TC
4013
TC
4014
TC
4032
TC
4033
TC
4034
TC
4035
TC
4037
TC
4038
TC
4040
•
•
•
•
•
•
TC
4042
Underwater
positioning and
navigation, long
base line
Acoustictelemetry
Underwater
telephonesystems
•
Distress pingers
Pinger/Transponder
systems
Pinger location
Echo sounding
systems
•
Pulse echo
measurement
•
Side scan systems
•
Submarine/bottom/
mine equipment
•
Subbottomprofiling
•
•
Sound velocity
meters
High resolution
distance
measurements
•
•
•
•
Calibration
•
•
Reference
measurements
(Conformance)
•
Reference
projectors
•
•
•
Ship, flow and
turbolent noise
measurements
•
Low noise
measurements
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Laboratory
application
•
•
Dolphins and
whales
•
•
High frequency
measurements
•
•
•
•
•
•
Marine biology
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Offshore structure
monitoring
•
•
Acoustic near field
measurements
Audio recording
•
•
•
•
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Table II
Short Form Specifications
Type
Model
Hydro
Resonance Frequency / Usable Band
Proj
TC1026
•
•
TC1037
•
•
•
•
High
High
TC2122
Medium
Beam (°)
Low
Omni/Hemi
Conical
Narrow
6000
6kHz
TC2111
TC2178
Low
36kHz
TC2003
TC2024
Medium
Depth (m)
600
Horizontal
Vertical
Omni
±35°fromhori.plan
•
80
2.6
200kHz
30
•
200kHz
30
•
200kHz
30
•
33/200kHz
30
•
•
20/9
33/200kHz
30
•
•
20/9
•
9.5
18
•
•
TC3021
•
•
2000kHz
700
•
•
2.2
TC3027
•
•
1000kHz
500
•
•
5.8
TC4013
•
•
TC4014
•
700
•
Omni
270 at 200kHz
900
•
Omni
270 at 200kHz
5Hz-120kHz
600
•
Omnito100kHz
270 at 15kHz
1Hz-160kHz
900
•
Omni
270 at 100kHz
900
•
Omni
270 at 300kHz
•
Omni
120 at 250kHz
•
Omni
270 at 40kHz
20
•
Omni
400
•
Omni
•
Omni
1Hz-170kHz
15Hz-470kHz
TC4032
•
TC4033
•
•
TC4034
•
•
1Hz-470kHz
TC4035
•
•
10kHz-800kHz
TC4037
•
TC4038
•
•
TC4040
•
•
TC4042
•
1Hz-100kHz
1500
10Hz-800kHz
1Hz-120lHz
5Hz-85kHz
1000
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270 at 40kHz
Table II
Short Form Specifications
Power
Model
High
Dimensions (mm)
Low
Max
Length
TC1026
100W
TC1037
400W
TC2003
1500W
TC2024
450W
TC2111
50W
TC2122
1000/450W
TC2178
1000/450W
Weight
(kg)
Housing
Documentation
Page
Max Width
Dry
Type
Active Surface
Cable Length
(m)
Z
RR
TR
DR-V
100
107
0.5
Stainless
Chloroprene
Optional
•
•
•
•
198
115.5
5.8
Stainless
Chloroprene
Optional
•
•
•
•
13
66
260
7.1
PVC
PVC
18
•
•
•
•
15
61
110
2.3
PVC
PVC
20
•
•
•
•
17
•
11
50
31.8
0.4
PVC
PVC
10
•
•
•
•
130
180
5.0
PVC
PVC
33
•
•
•
•
•
19
21
•
23
320
151
9.7
PVC
PVC
18
•
•
•
•
TC3021
10W
32
30
0.075
PVC
EP
1.5
•
•
•
•
25
TC3027
5W
32
30
0.045
PVC
EP
1.5
•
•
•
•
27
•
•
•
•
TC4013
100Vrms
50
9.5
0.075
Stainless
NBR
6
TC4014
12-24VDC
273
38
0.650
Alu-bronzo
NBR
Optional
TC4032
12-24VDC
284.5
38
0.720
Alu-bronzo
NBR
Optional
TC4033
100Vrms
138
25
1.5
Alu-bronzo
NBR
10
•
•
•
TC4034
100Vrms
138
16
1.6
Alu-bronzo
NBR
10
•
•
168
10
0.410
Stainless
NBR
Optional
•
•
TC4035
TC4037
10-24VDC
75
36
0.086
Titanium
NBR
TC4038
100Vrms
58
4
0.020
Stainless
PU
2
TC4040
100Vrms
120
21
1.600
Titanium
NBR
10
220
36
0.45
Alu-bronze
NBR
TC4042
•
•
31
•
•
35
•
•
37
•
•
•
39
•
•
•
41
•
•
•
43
•
•
•
45
•
•
29
•
•
•
•
•
•
47
•
49
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Transducer TC1026
High Power Communications Transducer
TC1026
• 36 kHz compact • High efficiency ceramic • Easy to install • Long life time The TC1026 is a high power communication transducer for long/short base
line measurement, pinger/transponder systems, acoustic telemetry systems
and telephone systems.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant frequency: 36kHz ±2kHz (34-38kHz) Transmitting sensitivity: 137dB ±3dB at 36kHz (re µPa/V at 1m)
Receiving sensitivity: -193dB ±3dB at 36kHz (re 1V/µPa)
Impedance: 630ohm ±10% 81° phase ± 10% at 36kHz Vertical directivity pattern: Typically ±35° from horizontal plane Horizontal directivity pattern: Omnidirectional Max input power: (1% duty cycle) 100W Operating depth: 6000m Survival depth: 6000m Operating temperature range: -2° to +30°C Storage temperature range: -30° to +70°C Cable (Optional) Two single wires
Housing: Special formulated NBR Weight (air) incl. cable: 0.5kg RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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Transducer TC1026
High Power Communications Transducer
Vertical Directivity Pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
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Transducer TC1037
Directional Telephone Transducer
TC1037
• High performance low
frequency transducer • Ideal for installation due to
steel housing and threaded guide • Optional cabletermination TL8038 The TC1037 is a rugged directional transducer with low frequency. It is specifically designed for underwater telephone systems. Can be used
as a building block in special long range sonars or in sub bottom penetration
single or multibeam systems. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable frequency band: Transmitting sensitivity: Receiving sensitivity: Impedance: Beam shape: Beam width: Max input power: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Cable (Optional) Housing:
Weight (air) incl. cable: Please note that this product requires
a minimum quantity per order
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6kHz to 15kHz 145dB ±3dB at 7,3kHz (re µPa/V at 1m)
-169dB ±3dB at 7,3kHz (re 1V/µPa)
860ohm ±250ohm at 7,3kHz Conical 80°at 8kHz 400W (1% duty cycle)
600m 800m -2°C to +35°C -40°C to +70°C Connector and 9m cable, pigtail Special formulated NBR
5,8kg Transducer TC1037
Directional Telephone Transducer
Horizontal Directivity Pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
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Transducer TC2003
Narrow Beam Hydrographic Transducer
TC2003
• Narrow conical beam • High power input • Low weight Narrow beam transducer for precise bottom recognition Ideal for all echo
sounders working in the frequency band from 190–210kHz. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant Frequency: Transmitting Sensitivity: Receiving Sensitivity: Impedance: Beam width: Max input power: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Weight with cable: Cable: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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200kHz ±10kHz 180dB ±3dB at 200kHz (dB re µPa/V @ 1m) -180 dB ±3dB at 200kHz (dB re V/µPa) 100ohm ±30ohm 3.0° ± 0.2, Conical 1500W at 1% duty power 30m 50m -2°C to +30°C -30°C to +50°C 7.1kg 18m FALMAT Type FM091003-1602A, 2x1 (Twisted pair) PUR Jacket, WATER BLOCK 2*1 (O.D. 9.3mm) - pigtail
Transducer TC2003
Narrow Beam Hydrographic Transducer
Horizontal Directivity Pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
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Transducer TC2024
Survey Transducer for Echosounder
TC2024
• 200kHz transducer
• Compact design
• Excellent performance
• Robust piezo ceramic
• Electrical compatible with most echosounder systems
General purpose 200kHz echosounder transducer for shallow water
applications: 0-100m The TC2024 is ideal for navigation, hydrographic echosounding in shallow
waters, and high resolution distance measurements. For outboard mounting, RESON steel housing mounts are available. The standard housing of the TC2024 is also compatible with ATLAS SW 6014 mounts. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant Frequency: 200kHz ± 10kHz Transmitting Sensitivity: 173dB ±3dB re 1µPa/V at 1m Receiving Sensitivity: -187dB ±3dB re 1V/µPa Impedance : 100ohm ± 30ohm at 200kHz Beam width: 9.5° ± 1°, Conical Max input power: 450W at 1% duty cycle Operating depth: 30m Survival depth: 50m Operating temperature range: -2°C to +30°C Storage Temperature: -30°C to +50°C Housing: PVC Weight (air) incl. Cable: 2.3kg
Cable (length and type): 20m FALMAT Type FM091003-1602A, 2x1 (Twisted pair) PUR Jacket, WATER BLOCK 2*1 (O.D. 9.3mm) - pigtail RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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Transducer TC2024
Survey Transducer for Echosounder
Horizontal Directivity Pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
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Transducer TC2111
Compact Echosounder Transducer
TC2111
• Small compact design Compact echo sounder transducer • Good piezo ceramics TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant Frequency: Transmitting sensitivity: Receiving Sensitivity: Impedance: Beam width: Beam shape: Max input power: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Cable (length and type): Weight in air, with cable: Housing: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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200kHz ± 3kHz 163dB ± 3dB (re 1µPa/V at 1m)
-190dB ± 3dB (re 1V/µPa)
200ohm ±60ohm at 200kHz 18° ± 3°
Conical 50W (at 1% duty cycle)
30m 50m +2°C to +35°C -30°C to +50°C 10m Coax 2*1 (O.D. 5mm) - pigtail 0,4kg PVC with union nut Transducer TC2111
Compact Echosounder Transducer
Horizontal Directivity Pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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Transducer TC2122
Dual-Frequency Survey Echosounder Transducer
TC2122
• Narrow beams
• High acoustical performance
• Compact design
Model TC2122 is a 33kHz and 200kHz dual frequency transducer ideal for navigation and hydrographic echosounder systems. The transducer has
excellent piezoceramic elements which will ensure the highest reliability and
quality in echosounding. The transducer will fit ATLAS SW 60/28/6029
housing and RESON steel housings. • Compatible with ATLAS SW60/28/6029 housing. • Electrical compatible with most 33kHz and 200kHz echosounders. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant Frequency: Transmitting sensitivity: Receiving Sensitivity: Impedance: Beam width: Beam shape: Max input power: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Weight in air,with cable: Housing: Cable (length and type): 33kHz ±2kHz 200kHz ±5kHz 168dB ±3dB at 33KHz 174dB ±3dB at 200KHz (re 1µPa/V at 1m)
-177dB ±3dB at 33KHz -187dB ±3dB at 200KHz (re 1µPa/V)
80ohm ±24ohm at 33kHz and 200kHz 22°±2° at 33KHz 9,5°±1° at 200kHz
Conical 1000W at 33kHz 450W at 200kHz (at 1% duty cycle)
30m 50m -2°C to +35°C -30°C to +50°C 5kg PVC
33m FALMAT Type FM088095-7, 4x1 (2 x twisted pair) PUR Jacket,
WATER BLOCK, Kevlar Braid 800lbs breaking strength (O.D. 11mm) - pigtail
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Transducer TC2122
Dual-Frequency Survey Echosounder Transducer
Horizontal Directivity Pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
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Transducer TC2178
Dual Frequency Transducer
TC2178
Model TC2178 is an optimized and hydrodynamic 33 kHz and 200 kHz
dual frequency transducer ideal for navigation and hydrographic echo
sounder systems.
The transducer has excellent piezoceramic elements which will ensure
the highest reliability and quality in echosounding.
• Hydrodynamic shape
• Narrow beams
• High acoustical performance
• Compact design
• Electrical compatible with most 33 kHz and 200 kHz
echosounders.
• Can be mounted directly on
outboard rig.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant Frequency:
33 kHz ±2kHz
200kHz ±5kHz
Transmitting sensitivity:
168dB ±3dB at 33kHz (re 1µPa/V at 1m)
174dB ±3dB at 200kHz (re 1µPa/V at 1m)
Receiving Sensitivity:
-177dB ±3dB at 33kHz (re 1V/µPa)
-187dB ±3dB at 200kHz (re 1V/µPa)
Impedance:
80 ohm ±24ohm at 33kHz and 200kHz
Beam width:
22°±2° at 33kHz
9.5°±1° at 200kHz
Beam shape:
Conical
Max input power:
1000 W at 33kHz (at 1% duty cycle)
450 W at 200kHz (at 1% duty cycle)
Operating depth:
30 m
Survival depth:
50 m
Operating temperature range:
-2°C to +35°C
Storage temperature range:
-30°C to +50°C
Weight in air, with cable:
9.7kg
Housing:PVC
Cable (length and type): 18m FALMAT Type FM088095-7, 4x1 (2 x twisted pair) PUR Jacket,
WATER BLOCK, Kevlar Braid 800lbs breaking strength (O.D. 11mm)
- pigtail
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
22
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Transducer TC2178
Dual Frequency Transducer
Vertical directivity pattern
Receiving Sensivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
23
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23
Transducer TC3021
Low Cost Universal 2MHz Transducer
TC3021
• Depth rating 700m operating • Extreme narrow beam width Universal 2MHz transducer ideal for short range high precision sound velocity measurements. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant Frequency: Transmitting Sensitivity: Receiving Sensitivity: Impedance: Phase: Beam shape Beam width: Side lobe Suppression Max input power: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Cable: (Length and type) Housing: Weight (air) incl. cable: Please note that this product requires
a minimum quantity per order
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
24
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2MHz 184dB ±3dB at 2MHz (re µPa/V at 1m)
-207dB ±3dB at 2MHz (re V/µPa)
23ohm ±11ohm at 2MHz 0° ±30°at 2MHz Conical 2,2° Better than -12dB 5W (1% duty cycle)
700m 1000m +2°C to +35°C -30°C to +50°C 1.5m, Coax cable RG 174/u PVC – black 35g Transducer TC3021
Low Cost Universal 2MHz Transducer
Horizontal directivity pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
25
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25
Transducer TC3027
Universal 1MHz Transducer
TC3027
• Side lobe suppression better than -23dB • Small compact housing • Ideal for watertight installation, due two double o-ring seal. The TC3027 is a Universal 1MHz transducer ideal for sound velocity
measurements and short range applications.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Resonant Frequency: 1MHz Transmitting Sensitivity: 170dB ±3dB at 1MHz (re 1µPa/V at 1m)
Receiving Sensitivity: -201B ±3dB at 1MHz (re 1V/µPa)
Impedance: 140ohm ±30 % at 1MHz Directivity Pattern: 5.8° Beam shape: Conical Side lobe Suppression: Better than -23dB Max input power: (1% duty cycle) 10W Operating depth: 500m Survival depth: 800m Operating temperature range: -2°C to +50°C Storage temperature range: -30°C to +50°C Cable: (Length and type) 1.5m coax cable RG174/u, pigtail Housing: PVC - black Weight (air) incl. cable: 40g Please note that this product requires
a minimum quantity per order
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
26
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Transducer TC3027
Universal 1MHz Transducer
Horizontal directivity pattern
Receiving sensitivity
Transmitting sensitivity
Impedance
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
27
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27
Hydrophone TC4013
Miniature Reference Hydrophone
TC4013
• High sensitivity • Omnidirectional to high
frequencies • Broad banded • O-ring sealed mounting The TC4013 offers a usable frequency range of 1Hz to 170kHz and a high
sensitivity relative to its size. It further-more provides uniform omnidirectional
sensitivities in both horizontal and vertical planes up to high frequencies. The TC4013 is an excellent transducer for making absolute sound measurements and calibrations within a broad frequency range. It can also be applied
as an omnidirectional reference projector. The overall characteristics makes TC4013 extremely applicable for laboratory
as well as industrial uses. • Individually calibrated TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable Frequency range: Receiving Sensitivity: Transmitting Sensitivity: Horizontal Directivity Pattern: Vertical Directivity Pattern: Nominal capacitance: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Weight (in air): Cable length: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
28
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1Hz to 170kHz -211dB ±3dB re 1V/µPa 130dB ±3dB re 1µPa/V at 1m at 100kHz Omnidirectional ±2dB at 100kHz 270° ±3dB at 100kHz 3.4nF 700m 1000m -2°C to +80°C -40°C to +80°C 75g Standard length 6m Optional cable lengths available on request Hydrophone TC4013
Miniature Reference Hydrophone
Horizontal directivity pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
29
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29
Hydrophone TC4014
Broad Band Spherical Hydrophone
TC4014-5
• Wide usable frequency range • Omnidirectional in all planes • Built-in low noise preamplifier • Long term stability • Individually calibrated • Available with differential
output
he TC4014-5 broad band spherical hydrophone offers a very wide usable frequency
range with excellent omnidirectional characteristics in all planes. The overall receiving characteristics makes the TC4014-5 an ideal transducer for making absolute underwater sound measurements up to 480kHz. The wide frequency range also makes
the TC4014-5 perfect for calibration purposes, particularly in higher frequencies.
The TC4014-5 incorporates a low-noise 26dB preamplifier providing signal conditioning for transmission through long underwater cables. The TC4014-5 features an insert calibration facility, which allows for a reliable test of
the hydrophone. The sensor element is permanently encapsulated in Special formulated NBR to
ensure long term reliability. The rubber has been specially compounded to ensure
acoustic impedance close to that of water. The hydrophone and connector housing
are made of corrosion resistant aluminum-bronze.
TC4014-5 has differential output. The differential output is an advantage where long
cables are used in an electrically noisy environment.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable Frequency range: Linear Frequency range: Receiving Sensitivity: Horizontal directivity: Vertical directivity: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Weight in (air): Max. output voltage: Preamplifier gain: Supply voltage: High pass filter: Calibration path attenuation: Current consumption: Max. output effect: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
30
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15Hz to 480kHz 30Hz to 100kHz ±2dB 25Hz to 250kHz ±3dB Single ended: -186dB ±3dB re 1V/µPa Diff. out: -180dB ±3dB re 1V/µPa)
Omnidirectional ±2dB at 100kHz 270° ±2dB at 100kHz 900m 1200m -2°C to +55°C -40°C to +80°C 650g without cable ≥2.8Vrms (at 12VDC) 26dB 12 to 24VDC 15Hz -3dB at 10kHz 14dB <28mA at 12VDC <34 mA at 24VDC 50mW Hydrophone TC4014
Broad Band Spherical Hydrophone
NBR means Nitrile Rubber
The NBR rubber is first of all resistant to sea and fresh water but also resistant to oil. It is limited resistant to petrol, limited resistant
to most acids and will be destroyed by base, strong acids, halogenated hydrocarbons (carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene), nitro
hydrocarbons (nitrobenzene, aniline), phosphate ester hydraulic fluids, Ketones (MEK, acetone), Ozone and automotive brake fluid.
Documentation: Receiving sensitivity: At 5 kHz to 500 kHz Sensitivity at ref.: frequencies: 250 Hz
Horizontal directivity: At 100, 200, 300 kHz Vertical directivity: At 100, 200, 300 kHz
Horizontal directivity pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Receiving Response [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
-170
-175
-180
-185
-190
-195
-200
-205
-210
TC4014-5
TC4014-1
6
Vertical directivity pattern
8 10
20
40
60
80 100
Frequency [kHz]
200
400
Typical equivalent noise pressure curve Valid for all versions of TC4014
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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31
Hydrophone TC4014
Broad Band Spherical Hydrophone
Accessories for TC4014-5
TL8140
TL8142
Electrical Diagram for TC4014-5
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
32
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Hydrophone TC4014
Broad Band Spherical Hydrophone
Insert voltage calibration
The TC4014 preamplifier contains an insert calibration circuit. This allows for electrical calibration of the hydrophone. The calibration method is not an absolute calibration but, it provides a reliable method for testing of the hydrophone, especially for hydrophones in fixed remote installations. The insert sine signal simulates the output signal from the sensor element.
To perform an insert calibration, use an appropriate function generator. The applied calibration signal must not exceed 10 Vrms. A
higher voltage may damage the calibration resistor. 2 Vrms will be appropriate for insert calibration. The attenuation of the calibration signal is [email protected] for short cables.
Apply the signal to the calibrate input, connector contact 4. = green wire of cable. Connect generator ground to sine generator
ground, and measure the signal on hydrophone output.
Outline Dimensions
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
33
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33
Hydrophone TC4032
Low Noise Sea-State Zero Hydrophone
TC4032
• Low noise performance • High sensitivity • Wide frequency range • Flat frequency response • Long term stability • Individually calibrated The TC4032 general purpose hydrophone offers a high sensitivity, low noise and a flat
frequency response over a wide frequency range. The high sensitivity and acoustic characteristics makes TC4032 capable of producing
absolute sound measurements and detecting even very weak
signals at levels below “Sea State 0”. The TC4032 incorporates an electrostatically shielded highly sensitive piezoelectric
element connected to an integral low-noise 10dB preamplifier. The TC4032 preamplifier is capable of driving long cables of more than 1.000 meters, and the preamplifier
features an insert calibration facility.
Per default the amplifier is provided with differential output. The differential output is an
advantage where long cables are used in an electrically noisy environment. For use in
single ended mode: Use positive output pin together with GND.
Versions with different filter characteristics are available: 4032-1 5Hz to 120 kHz, 40322 1Hz to 120 kHz and 4032-5 100Hz to 120 kHz.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable Frequency range: Linear Frequency range: Receiving Sensitivity: Horizontal directivity: Vertical directivity: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Weight in Air: Preamplifi er gain: Max. output voltage: Supply voltage: High pass fi lter: Quiescent supply current: Encapsulating material: Housing material: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
34
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5Hz to120kHz 15Hz to 40kHz ±2dB
10Hz to 80kHz ±2.5dB -164dB re 1V/mPa with differential output
Omnidirectional ±2dB at 100kHz 270° ±2dB at 15kHz 600m 700m -2°C to +55°C -30°C to +70°C 720g without cable 10dB 3.5Vrms at 12VDC 12 to 24VDC 7Hz -3dB ≤19mA at 12VDC
≤22mA at 24VDC Special formulated NBR
Alu Bronze
AlCu10Ni5Fe4 Hydrophone TC4032
Low Noise Sea-State Zero Hydrophone
NBR means Nitrile Rubber
The NBR rubber is first of all resistant to sea and fresh water but also resistant to oil. It is limited resistant to petrol, limited resistant
to most acids and will be destroyed by base, strong acids, halogenated hydrocarbons (carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene), nitro
hydrocarbons (nitrobenzene, aniline), phosphate ester hydraulic fluids, Ketones (MEK, acetone), Ozone and automotive brake fluid.
Documentation: Individually calibration curves: 250 kHz
Sensitivity at ref.: frequencies: 250 kHz
Receiving sensitivity: At 5 kHz to 100 kHz
Horizontal directivity: At 100 kHz
Horizontal directivity pattern
Vertical directivity: At 15 kHz
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Receiving Response [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
-150
-155
-160
-165
-170
-175
-180
-185
-190
TC4032 Single ended output
TC4032 Differential output
-195
-200
6
8
10
20
Frequency [kHz]
40
60
100
80
The OCR curve shown above is for single ended output
Vertical directivity pattern
Typical equivalent noise pressure curve Valid for all versions of TC4032
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
35
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35
Hydrophone TC4033
Robust Spherical Reference Hydrophone
TC4033
• Omnidirectional in the full frequency range
The TC4033 provides uniform omnidirectional characteristics within the full frequency range of 1Hz to 140kHz. • Wide frequency range
The Typical sensitivity of -203dB re 1V/µPa and the capacitance of 7nF, ensure an excellent signal to noise ratio, thereby allowing TC4033 to be used
with extension cables with only a limited reduction in sensitivity. • Durable construction • Long term stability
• Individually calibrated The TC4033 offers excellent acoustic characteristics and durability, which makes it ideal for a wide range of applications and for calibration purposes. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable Frequency range: 1Hz to 140kHz Linear Frequency range: 1Hz to 80kHz Receiving Sensitivity: -203dB ±2dB re 1V/µPa at 250Hz Transmitting Sensitivity: 144dB ±2dB re 1µPa/V at 1m at 100kHz Directivity, Horizontal: Omnidirectional ±2dB at 100kHz Vertical Directivity: 270°±2dB at 100kHz Nominal Capacitance: 7,8nF (incl.10m cable)
Operating depth: 900m Operating Temperature range: -2°C to +80°C Storage Temperature range: -40°C to +80°C Weight incl. 10m cable, (in air): 1.5kg Cable (length and type):
Standard 10m shielded pair DSS-2/MIL-C-915.
Optional cable length available on request
Connector type:
BNC Encapsulating material: Special formulated NBR Metal body: Alu bronze AlCu10Ni5Fe4
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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Hydrophone TC4033
Robust Spherical Reference Hydrophone
Documentation: Individually calibration curves: Sensitivity at ref.: frequencies: 250 kHz Receiving sensitivity: At 5 kHz to 200 kHz Impedance: 5 kHz to 200kHz
Horizontal directivity: At 100 kHz Vertical directivity: At 100 kHz Transmitting sensitivity: 5 kHz to 200 kHz Horizontal directivity pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Impedance
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
37
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37
Hydrophone TC4034
Ultra Broad-band Spherical
TC4034
• Omnidirectional in the full frequency range The TC4034 broad band spherical hydrophone provides uniform omnidirectional characteristics over a wide frequency range of 1Hz to 480kHz. • Long term stability The overall receiving characteristics makes the TC4034 an ideal transducer for making absolute underwater sound measurements up to 480kHz. The
wide frequency range also makes the TC4034 perfect for calibration purposes, particularly in higher frequencies. • Extreme Wide frequency range • Durable construction • Individually calibrated TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable Frequency range: 1Hz to 470kHz (+3, -10dB) Linear Frequency range: 1Hz to 250kHz (+2, -4dB) Receiving Sensitivity: (re 1V/µPa) -218dB ±3dB (at 250Hz) Horizontal directivity: Omnidirectional ±2dB (at 100kHz ) Transmitting sensitivity: 122dB ±3dB re 1µPa/V at 1m at 100kHz Vertical directivity: >270° ±3dB (at 300kHz) Nominal Capacitance: 3nF Operating Depth: 900m Survival Depth: 1000m Operating Temperature range: -2°C to +80°C Storage Temperature range: -40°C to +80°C Weight incl. cable,(in air): 1.6 kg Cable (length and type): Standard 10m shielded pair DSS-2MIL-C915.
Optional cable length available on request
Encapsulating Material: Special formulated NBR Metal body: Alu-bronze
AlCu10Ni5Fe4 Connector type: BNC
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
38
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Hydrophone TC4034
Ultra Broad-band Spherical
Documentation: Vertical directivity: At 250 kHz 100,200,300 kHz
Receiving sensitivity: 5 kHz to 500 kHz Horizontal directivity: At 100, 200, 300 kHz
Impedance: 5 kHz to 500 kHz
Horizontal directivity pattern
Transmitting sensitivity: 5 kHz to 500 kHz
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Impedance
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
39
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39
Hydrophone TC4035
Broad Band Miniature Probe Hydrophone
TC4035
• Reference hydrophone for high frequencies
• Linear receiving response from 100kHz to 500kHz • Long term stable sensitivity
• Individually calibrated •
Calibration as standard
reference hydrophone
traceable to national standards established at NPL The TC4035 is a miniature probe hydrophone specifically designed as a stan-
dard reference hydrophone for sound measurements in the frequency range 100 to 500kHz.
The hydrophone incorporates a 10dB low-noise pre-amplifier, which includes
an insert calibration circuit for convenient electrical testing of the hydrophone
condition. The pre-amp has a drive capability for cable length up to 25 meters. The hydrophone offers a useable frequency range from 10 to 800kHz with good omnidirectional characteristics in the horizontal and the vertical plane.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Receiving Sensitivity Typical: Linear Frequency Range: Usable Frequency Range: Horizontal Directivity: Vertical Directivity: Operating Pressure: Survival Pressure Max. Sound Pressure: Equivalent noise: Weight (in air): Max. Output Voltage : Operating Temperature Range: Storage Temperature Range: Supply Voltage: Preamplifier Gain: Output Drive Capability: Insert cal. attenuation: Quiescent Current: Housing Material: Cable: Connector: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
40
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-214dB ±2dB re 1V/µ Pa (at 100kHz) 100kHz to 500kHz ±3dB 10kHz to 800kHz Omnidirectional ±2dB (at 250kHz) 60°to 120° ±3dB (at 250kHz) 300m
400m -4dB destortion level 210dB re 1µPa at 12V supply
80dB re 1µPa (√H at 1kHz)
410 grams (LEMO receptacle incl.)
1Vrms at 12VDC
2Vrms at 24VDC -2°C to +40°C -30°C to +50°C 10VDC to 24VDC 10dB 25m cable at 1M Ohm input -30dB 15mA at 12VDC 20.5mA at 18VDC Stainless Steel AISI 316 Standard 10m 4 cond.+ shielded Optional cable lengths available on request
LEMO Series E four-pole watertight Hydrophone TC4035
Broad Band Miniature Probe Hydrophone
Documentation: Horizontal directivity: At 250 kHz Receiving sensitivity: 50 kHz to 800 kHz Horizontal directivity pattern
Vertical directivity: At 250 kHz
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Accessories included: LEMO fixed socket no. ERA.1E.304.CNL Vertical directivity pattern
The TC4035 is a high quality hydrophone designed for use as a transfer standard hydrophone. The sensor element has excellent stability
over time, - which ensure reliable sensitivity over long periods. Connecting the TC4035: The TC4035 is supplied with a 4-pole LEMO
plug and a receptacle for individual panel mounting. The EC6073 input module is a universal junction unit for connections
of hydrophones. The TC6073 is equipped with the connectors required
for: input output, voltage supply and insert calibration signal. Insert voltage calibration: The insert calibration is an electrical simulation of a signal received from the acoustic sensor element. Injecting a signal to the calibration line input performs insert calibration.
The responding signal received on the hydrophone output terminal is
attenuated -30 dB typical. The recommended max. insert voltage signal for TC4035 is 2 Vpp. WARNING! Exceeding the recommended calibration voltage may
cause damage to the calibration resistor. RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
41
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41
Hydrophone TC4037
Spherical Reference Hydrophone
TC4037
• High receiving voltage
sensitivity • Differential signal output • Wide useable frequency • Long term stability • Omnidirectional in all planes • Resistant to high static
pressure • Individually calibrated The TC4037 hydrophone sensor module provides a differential balanced
output signal. It has been designed especially for operation with a differential
preamplifier. The use of differential sensor signals offers advantages such as, limitation of
DC offset and fluctuation. It further adds 6dB more sensor sensitivity, -reduces
noise distortion and makes the sensor less sensitive to vibration, temperature. The mounting support is equipped with sealing o-rings that allows for convenient waterproof mounting. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable Frequency range: Linear Frequency range: Receiving Sensitivity nominal:
Directivity, Horizontal plane: Vertical plane: Capacitance nominal: Leakage resistance: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Operating depth: Survival depth: Terminating wires: Weight in air: Encapsulating mat.: Metal body: 1Hz to 100kHz 1Hz to 50kHz ±3dB -193dB re 1V/µPa at 250Hz (with differential pre-amp 0dB)
Omnidirectional ±2dB at 40kHz 270° ±3dB at 40kHz 2 x 4,5 nF ≥1G ohm -2°C to +55°C (with preamplifier) -40°C to +80°C 1500m 2000m (4037-3 3500m)
3 x AWG 22, length 0.5m 86g. Special formulated NBR
TC4037-2: Aluminum alloy Al Mg1Si
TC4037-3: Promet 12 CuSn 12 Tin bronze
NBR means Nitrile Rubber
The NBR rubber is first of all resistant to sea and fresh water but also resistant to oil.
It is limited resistant to petrol, limited resistant to most acids and will be destroyed
by base, strong acids, halogenated hydrocarbons (carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene), nitro hydrocarbons (nitrobenzene, aniline), phosphate ester hydraulic fluids,
Ketones (MEK, acetone), Ozone and automotive brake fluid.
Metal body: TC4037-2 Aluminium alloy Al Mg1Si – If installed on a metal housing it is
important that the housing is made of a similar material.
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
42
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Hydrophone TC4037
Spherical Reference Hydrophone
Documentation: Receiving sensitivity: 5 kHz to 100 kHz Horizontal directivity: 20 kHz Vertical directivity:
20 kHz Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Horizontal directivity pattern
Vertical directivity pattern
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
43
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43
Hydrophone TC4038
Broad Band Miniature Probe Hydrophone
TC4038
• Reference hydrophone for
high frequencies
• Linear receiving response from 100kHz to 500kHz • Individually calibrated •
Calibration as standard reference hydrophone
traceable to national standards established at NPL, UK The TC4038 is a miniature probe hydrophone, specifically designed as a standard reference hydrophone for high frequencies in the range: 100kHz to
500kHz. The TC4038 provides a flat frequency response and omnidirectional characteristics in the specified frequency range. The sensor element has excellent
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
stability, which ensures reliable sensitivity over long periods of time.
Because of its small size, the TC4038 is an ideal hydrophone for acoustic
measurements in near fields.
Usable Frequency range: Linear Frequency range: Receiving Sensitivity nominal: Horizontal Directivity Pattern: Vertical Directivity Pattern: Max. Operating Pressure: Max. Operating Depth: Max. Survival Depth: Equivalent noise: Max. Sound Pressure: Operating Temperature range: Storage Temperature range: Leakage Resistance: Impedance: Weight in Air: Cable (length and type): 10kHz - 800kHz 100 to 500kHz ±3dB -228dB ±3dB re 1V/µPa (at 100kHz) Omnidirectional ±2dB (at 100kHz) 60°to 120° ±3dB (at 100kHz) 0,2MPa = 2atm 20m 30m 80dB re 1µPa (with VP1000 Pre-amp √Hz at 1 kHz)
0,3M Pa -2°C to +40°C -30°C to +50°C >2Gohm 100Mohm
(Min. input for min. noise down to 10 kHz lower frequency limit)
20grams 2m double shielded low noise FEP. Insulated OD 1,65mm The sensor element is permanently encapsulated in high density polyurethane to ensure
long term reliability. The strain relief and outer jacket of the cable is also made of high density polyurethane.
4038 can be used in sea or fresh water.
4038 can be used as a projector but is not designed for it – do not exceed 25Vrms. Duty cycle
need to be low around 1%.
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
44
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Hydrophone TC4038
Broad Band Miniature Probe Hydrophone
Documentation: Receiving sensitivity: 50 kHz to 800 kHz Horizontal directivity: 250 kHz Vertical directivity:
250 kHz Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Response [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Receiving Response [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
-210
140
TC4038 Transmitting Response [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
-215
130
-220
120
-225
-230
110
-235
100
-240
90
-245
-250
80
40
60
80
100
200
400
600
800
0206030\Sensitivity/TVRMerge\Merge\Try 1
60
80
100
200
Frequency [kHz]
400
600
800
1000
Frequency [kHz]
Horizontal directivity pattern
Vertical directivity pattern
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
45
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45
Hydrophone TC4040
Reference Hydrophone
TC4040
• Wide operating frequency range The TC4040 is an ideal standard reference hydrophone for calibration of transducers, hydrophones and underwater acoustic measurement systems. • Flat response over a wide frequency range The TC4040 offers flat frequency receiving response over a wide frequency
range and the relatively high transmitting sensitivity makes it very useful within
many areas of underwater acoustic research, tests and measure-
ments. • Titanium mounting support • Individually calibrated • Water blocked cable to Mil: C-915 The TC4040 utilises sensor element technology that ensures a high stability
with time and excellent performance. The ceramic sensor element is encapsulated in Special formulated NBR. The
metallic support made of titanium, allows for precise mounting in suspension
hangers. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Usable Frequency range: Linear Frequency range: Receiving voltage Sensitivity: Charge Sensitivity: Transmitting sensitivity: Horizontal directivity: Vertical directivity: Capacitance: Leakage resistance: Operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range: Weight incl. Cable, (in air): Cable (length and type): Encapsulating material: Metal body: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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1Hz to 120kHz +2 -10dB 1Hz to 80kHz ±2dB -206dB re 1V/µPa (±3dB) 56µV/Pa (nominal)
0.42pC/Pa (nominal) 132dB re 1µPa/V at 1m (at 100kHz) Omnidirectional ±2dB at 100kHz (Typical) 270° ±2dB at 50kHz (Typical) 8.3nF (nominal) >2Gohm 400m 500m -2°C to +80°C -40°C to +80°C 1.6kg 10m shielded twisted pair, DSS-2 MIL-C-915
Optional cable lengths available on request Special formulated NBR Titanium Hydrophone TC4040
Reference Hydrophone
Horizontal Directivity Pattern
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
Transmitting Sensitivity [dB re 1µPa/V @ 1m]
Impedance
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
47
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47
Hydrophone TC4042
Low-Noise Spherical Hydrophone
TC4042
• Wide frequency range • Spherical differential sensor • Differential in/output amplifier • Single or differential output • Self supporting cables to 1000m The TC4042 is a spherical, low-noise hydrophone with 20dB differential pre-
amplifier. The hydrophone provides a single output mode. The single-end output mode is established with a four conductor cable. The built-in preamplifier has the capability of driving cables of more than 1km. The TC4042 features an insert voltage calibration facility (IVC), which enables remote testing of the hydrophone condition. • IVC calibration TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Receiving Sensitivity, typical: Useable frequency range: Linear frequency range: Horizontal directivity: Vertical directivity: Max. operating depth: Survival depth: Operating temperature range: Storage temperature range:
Preamplifier gain: Max. voltage output: Current consumption: Output impedance: High pass filter: Low-pass filter: Hydrophone weight: Housing material: Encapsulating polymer: RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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-173dB re 1V/uPa (2.2 mV/Pa) 5Hz to 85kHz 15Hz to 45kHz +1/-5dB ±2dB at 40kHz ±3dB at 40kHz over 270 deg. 1000m 1200m -2°to +55°C
-30°to +70°C +20dB 3Vrms (at 12V supply) 7Vrms (at 24V supply) ≤9mA (at 12V supply) ≤22mA (at 24V supply) 10ohms + 100µF 15Hz (-3dB) 150kHz (-3dB) 450g
Alu Bronze AICu1ONi5Fe4
Special formulated NBR
Hydrophone TC4042
Low-Noise Spherical Hydrophone
Documentation: Individually calibration curves:
Receiving sensitivity: Horizontal directivity: At 5kHz to 90kHz At 40kHz
Sensitivity at ref.: frequency: Vertical directivity: 250Hz At 40kHz
Horizontal
Directivity
Pattern
TC4042
Receiving
Directional
-30
0
o
Response
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
o
0 dB
-3 dB
30
o
-155
-160
-10 dB
-60
o
60
-20 dB
-165
o
-170
-175
-30 dB
-90
o
Receiving Sensitivity [dB re 1V/µPa @ 1m]
-150
-180
90
-40 dB
o
-185
-190
-195
-120
o
120
-150
o
-180
o
150
3605061\Sensitivity/OCV\1\Try 1
-200
o
o
6
0
80
0 dB
-3 dB
30
o
o
60
-20 dB
o
o
40
80
60
Seastate zero
70
TC4042 (re output)
60
Wenz's minimum
Thermal water noise
50
40
30
20
-30 dB
-90
Frequency [kHz]
Hydrophone type TC4042
-10 dB
-60
20
Typical equivalent
noise
pressure curve
Typical Equivalent
Noise
Pressure
Curve
o
dB re 1 µPa / √ Hz
o
10
40kHz
TC4042
Receiving Directional Response
Vertical Directivity Pattern
-30
8
90
-40 dB
10
o
0
10
100
1000
10000
100000
Frequency [Hz]
-120
o
120
-150
o
-180
o
150
o
o
40kHz
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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49
EC6061
VP1000 Voltage preamplifier
EC6061
• 1Hz to 1MHz bandwidth
Hi-pass filter options • 6 level gain selection • 100Mohm inputimpedance • Excellent low-noise
characteristic The VP1000 is a 1MHz bandwidth single ended voltage preamplifier, designed for use with piezoelectric hydrophone and a variety of transducers.
VP1000 offers excellent low-noise performance, gain selection in 6 levels and
options of 12 Hi-Pass filters. The high input impedance of 100Mohm allow for low frequency
measurements with even very small sensor element capacities. Encapsulated in aluminum box The VP1000 is water stain resistant.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Input:
Impedance: 100MΩ//2.5pF
Max. level: 2.8Vrms at 12V supply Output:
Impedance: 10ohm/100µF
Max. level: 2.8Vrms at 0dB gain
Max. load: 10nF ≈100m cable DC offset Phase @: OmVdc (capacitive coupling) -180° Gain: Gain settings: 0, 6, 12, 20, 26, 32 dB
Tolerance: ±0.5dB Bandwidth Operating frequency range -3dB at 20dB gain: 0.5Hz to 1MHz Noise:
Power spectrumdensity noise: 20nV/√Hz (at 1kHz)
Hi-Pass Filters: 1,5,10,20,100,1k,2k,
-3dB @ Hz: 5k, 10k, 20k, 50k
-12dB @ Hz: 0.1 Power supply: 12Vdc
Voltage nominal: min 9Vdc, max 18Vdc
Current quiescent: 12mA @ 12Vdc Weight: 305g. (with supply cable and LEMO adaptor)
Accessories included: Supply cable TL 8088 RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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EC6061
VP1000 Voltage preamplifier
VP1000 outline dimensions and layout
Functional Block Diagram
TL 8088 Supply cable
Noise power density spectrum re input
Input load 1nF, gain 20dB, 0.1Hz filter
Voltage preamplifier VP1000
Phase shift with 0.1Hz filter at 0dB and 20dB gain
VP1000 filter characteristics
VP1000 Frequency roll-off versus gain
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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51
EC6067
CCA 1000 Conditioning Charge Amplifier
EC6067
• 1Hz to 1MHz bandwidth Input capacitance, selectable • Lower frequency limit,
selectable • 6 levels voltage gain 0 to 32dB • Water stain resistant The CCA 1000 is a compact low-noise conditioning charge amplifier designed for use with piezoelectric hydrophones and other piezoelectric detectors. The CCA 1000 enables the uses of long cables between hydrophone and amplifier without affecting the hydrophone sensitivity. The input capacitance can be selected to match the hydrophone capacitance for close unity gain or to achieve input gain up to 20dB. The input resistance, control the lower frequency limit -3dB break frequency. The output gain can be selected from 0 to 32dB. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Input:
Impedance max.: 1Gohm Max input at (unity gain): 2Vp Estimating Input gain: (dB) = 20 log Ctr/Cin
Input capacitance selector: 12 steps: 22pF to 10nF Input resistance selector:
12 steps: 3.3kohm to 1Gohm Output:
Output gain settings 6 steps: 0, 6, 12, 20, 26, 32dB Signal output, max: 2Vp
Output impedance: 20ohm DC off-set: 0
Bandwidth: Operating -3dB Frequency range at 20dB gain: 1Hz to 1MHz Noise: Input termination: 1nF to GND Output noise with selector settings 1nF/1GOhm/0dB: 2-4µVrms/A 10nF/1GOhm/20dB: 8-10µVrms/A 1nF/1GOhm/20dB: 14-20µVrms/A 100pF/1GOhm/20dB: 80-110µVrms/A Power supply:
Voltage: min.: 12VDC max.: 24VDC Current consumption: 40mA ±10mA at 12Vdc RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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EC6067
CCA 1000 Conditioning Charge Amplifier
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Lower frequency limit: Frequency limits (-3dB) versus input resistance at 1nF input load: 1GOhm 0.3Hz
330Mohm 0.5Hz 100Mohm 1.5Hz 33Mohm 4.5Hz 10Mohm 15Hz 3.3Mohm 45Hz 1ohm 150Hz 330kOhm 450Hz 100kOhm 1.5kHz 33kOhm 4.5kHz 10kOhm 15kHz 3.3kOhm 45kHz Weight:
Including supply cable: 530g Accessories included: Supply cable TL 8088 at one end. Input capacitance settings:
To obtain close unity input gain from a hydrophone, - set the input capacitance selector to a
capacitance value close as possible to the hydrophone (end of cable capacitance).
The input gain is then calculated from: transducer capacitance Ctr. divided by the input capacitance
Cin x 20 log = dB gain
Example:
a. 20 log (1nF/1nF) = 0dB b. 20 log (8nF/4.7nF) = +4.62 dB gain USER INSTRUCTIONS
Voltage supply: Connect the supply cable to a battery or AC powered DC supply. The required voltage is 12 to
24VDC. DC supply common/ground should be connected to water for min. noise. CCA 1000 outline dimensions and layout Simplified block diagram TL 8088 Supply cable
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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53
EC6068
Battery Module Rechargeable EC6068
• Sealed EMI/RFI shielded
aluminum box • Battery charge condition
indicator • ON/OFF switch exposing red for ON • Internal automatic 0.5A fuse Underwater sound measurements at sea or in the field often require hydrophones with built-in preamplifiers with a portable DC voltage supply. The TC6068 Battery Module provides an ideal portable and compact DC
source for the hydrophones and the conditioning amplifiers VP1000 and CCA 1000. The EC6068 consists of a 12 Volt/1.2Ah Ni-Ca high quality battery enclosed in
a sealed EMI/RFI shielded aluminum case. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Battery voltage: 12Volt
Battery capacity: 1.2Ah Typical recharge time: 10 hours (avoid over charging)
Operating time w. Hydrophone type:
TC4032: >12 hours
TC4035: > 20 hours
Temperature range:
Operating: -10 to +50°C
Storage: -30 to +50°C
Battery type: Ni Ca
Accessories included: TL8084 DC Supply cable
Dimensions: L.w.h.125 x 80 x 60mm Weight including cable: 1.4kg The battery condition is displayed on the indicator with a red and green field. The battery is fully
charged when the pointer centered in the green field.
The ON/OFF switch is exposing a red mark in ON position to remind the user to shut off the module
when not in use. The EC 6068 battery can be recharged by use of EC 6072 battery charger connected with, a TL 8084 cable.
The EC6068 output is short circuit protected at 0.5 A. The reset time is approximately 2 sec. RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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EC6068
Battery Module Rechargeable EC 6068 Outline dimensions and layout Circuit Diagram DC supply cable TL 8084 RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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55
EC6069
Battery Module Dry Cell 2 x 9 V
EC6069
• Sealed EMI/RFI shielded
aluminum box • Battery charge condition
indicator Underwater sound measurements in the field often require hydrophones with
built-in preamplifiers or they are connected to conditioning amplifiers that
requires portable DC voltage supply. • ON/OFF switch exposing red for ON The EC6069 Battery Module supplies 18VDC from two exchangeable dry cell
batteries. EC6069 is an ideal DC voltage source for hydrophones and for the
preamplifiers VP1000 and CCA1000.
• Easy replaceable 9V 6F22/PP3 batteries The EC6069 consists of a sealed EMI/RFI shielded aluminum case that
encloses 2 x 9 Volt Alkaline batteries type IEC 6 LR 61 9Volt 0.55ah. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Battery voltage: 18Volt (2 x 9Volt) Dry Cell
Operating time for long life batteries supplying Hydrophone type: TC4032: >10 hours
TC4035: >16 hours Temperature range:
Operating: -10 to +50°C
Storage: -30 to +50°C Battery type: IEC 9V 6LR 61 0.55 ah Dimensions (L.w.h.): 125 x 80 x 60mm Weight including cable: 0.56kg. Accessories included: DC supply cable TL 8084 The battery condition is displayed on the indicator with a red and green field. The battery is fully charged when the pointer is in center of the green field. The battery condition indicator measures the actual voltage on the battery cells. The indicator should be read with load applied. The ON switch is exposing a red mark in ON position to remind the user to shut the battery supply off when not in use. RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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EC6069
Battery Module Dry Cell 2 x 9 V
Outline dimensions and layout Circuit Diagram DC supply cable TL 8084 RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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57
EC6070
Hydrophone Audio Amplifier EC6070
• Bandwidth up to 700kHz • Total signal amplification up to 90 dB • Input selector for two types of Hydrophones • Individual input and output gain settings • Input low frequency sea wave cut-off filter • Build-in envelope sonar detector • Build-in Loudspeaker amplifiers • Build-in Headphone amplifier • Individual volume controls • Recording and Playback switch • Input and Output’s both on BCN’s and mini jack’s
• Supplied with Loudspeakers and Headphones
• Supplied with Cables • Battery powered 24 Volt
(Battery not supplied)
RESON’s EC 6070 is a sophisticated preamplifier and audio amplifier system
with loudspeakers designed for monitoring underwater acoustic signals from 10Hz to 700kHz. This system is ideal for listening and recording both low frequency whale
vocalization and high-frequency echo-location sonar signals of dolphins and porpoises. A selectable envelope modulation detector converts high
frequency signals to human-audible range. The versatility and user-friendly
operation of the EC 6070 make it a beneficial addition to many acoustic
research laboratories, aquariums, and bioacoustic programs. It operates on
24VDC, with several stages of adjustable input and output gain, built-in highpass filter options, convenient output lines for ocsilloscopes, analyzing equipment, or recorders (tape, minidisc, etc), and input lines for playback. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Frequency range ±3dB: 10Hz to 700kHz Ultrasound detector range: 20kHz to 200kHz Input gain: -20 to +30dB Output gain: -20 to +30dB Envelope detector gain: -20 to +30dB Output power: 2x10Watt/8ohm Line output level: 100mV to 1Vrms Line input level: 100mV to 1Vrms Voltage supply: 24Volt (2x12 Volt Batteries) Current consumption/standby: 0.14Amp Current consumption/maximum: 4Amp Rack case 19”: Dimensions:
Weight: 4.3kg Loudspeaker : Impedance: 8ohm Effect: 60Watt SPL/W: 86dB Dimensions w.d.h.: 160x160x230 Weight: 3.5kg each Accessories delivered with EC6070: Loudspeakers: Monacor type LSP-60-2 pcs
Headphones: 1 set Loudspeaker Cables: 1x5 meter Battery Cable: 1x2 meter RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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19”x12”x3.5” (w.d.h.)
EC6070
Hydrophone Audio Amplifier Description
The EC6070 Audio Amplifier is designed for detection of
underwater acoustic sounds. It contains a low noise broadband
Hydrophone preamplifier combined with a loudspeaker power
amplifier in the same case. The amplifier has been designed
especially for optimum operation with the RESON TC4032 and
TC4033 Hydrophones. The TC4032 has a built in low-noise preamplifier and should be
used generally where long cables and/or extremely low-noise
are required. The TC4033 without pre-amplifier is a spherical
type and provides a broad frequency range up to very highfrequencies. The Hydrophones are connected directly to the input connectors located at the rear panel. The BNC input connector for the
TC4033 incorporates an extra 30dB amplifier in order to match
the level of the TC4032. The EC6070 provides high quality real-time reproduction of
sound from marine mammals such as whales dolphins and
porpoises.
With the sonar detector engaged are frequencies above 20kHz
envelope detected and reproduced in the audible frequency
range of the human ear. The wide frequency range of this amplifiers from 10Hz to
700kHz enables detection of sound from low audible
frequencies to high ultrasound frequencies. The EC6070 is supplied with two loudspeakers and a set of
headphone for monitoring. The loudspeakers supplied with the system are for usage in
sheltered/indoor areas only.
The sound level of the speakers should be sufficient for most
indoor applications. For outdoor applications under ambient (often humid and noisy)
conditions the use of water-resistant horn loudspeakers is
recommended. Common horn speakers may deliver up to 10
times the sound pressure level of that of the indoor speakers.
The EC6070 is contained in a 19 inch. rack case which enables
permanent mounting in laboratories / research stations or other
facilities where fixed installations are required. The input and output BNC connectors on the front panel
enables direct connection to oscilloscopes, spectrum analyzers
or other storage equipment. The output signal covers the full frequency range of the Hydrophone at line level for recording and analyzing. Line input and outputs are available on mini jack connectors
enabling recording and Playback from common Tape recorders
or Mini Disk recorders. The insert Cal. BNC connector on the front panel, enables
connection of an insert voltage signal for calibration of the
TC4032 with the EC6070. The EC6070 is to be powered from external 24Volt batteries. Schematic drawing of the EC6070 front and rear panel, showing the
function title and location of the selector knobs, indicator diodes
and connectors. RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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59
EC6072
Battery Charger EC6072
• Sealed durable aluminum box • EMI/RFI shielding Charging of two batteries simultaneously • Useable as DC Voltage supply The EC6072 Battery Charger has been designed for recharging of the EC6068 Battery Module. Two EC6068 Battery Modules can be connected to EC6072 and recharged simultaneously.
Furthermore, the EC6072 can be used as DC voltage supply for hydrophones with built-in preamplifiers and for the VP1000 Voltage Amplifier or the
CCA1000 Charge Conditioning Amplifier. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Mains supply: DC output: Temperature range:
Operating: Storage: Dimensions: Weight: Accessory included: 110/220 VAC (Auto-setting) 15 Volt/0.12 A -10 to +50°C
-30 to +50°C 125 x 80 x 60mm (L.w.h.)
0.6kg IEC Mains cable 2 pcs DC supply cable TL 8084 The EC6072 is equipped with an ON/OFF switch displaying a red mark in ON position. A red light is shown when 110/220V mains is on. A green light is shown when the charger is active.
EC6072 accepts both 110 and 220V mains. The voltage level is internally detected and automatically
switched to the right setting. The DC charge voltage is supplied to the batteries or the preamplifiers through the DC charger cable
TL8084 when connected to the 3 pole connector. EC6072 is current limited @ 0,12A mains fuse 0.1A inside box. RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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EC6072
Battery Charger Outline dimensions and layout Circuit Diagram DC supply cable TL 8084 (2 pcs.) RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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61
EC6073
Input Module EC6073
• Sealed EMI/RFI shielded
aluminum box • Dual input • DC supply from battery
modules • Insert calibration • BNC OutputConnector The EC6073 Input Module is equipped with two input connectors that provides
connection for RESON hydrophones terminated with either Jupiter or LEMO
connectors. A four-pole connector required for TC4014 connectors can be optionally supplied on request. The EC6073 distributes and terminates the hydrophone cable connections to
DC supply, signal output and insert calibration. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
EC6073 Connections: TL4032 connection JUPITER M 10 7 polereceptacle TC4014 connection. Not standard, 4 poleinsert is available on request. TC4035 connection LEMO 4 polereceptacle. Signal output on BNC connector. Insert Voltage Calibration on BNC connector DC-supply to hydrophones on 3 pole connector Weight: 0.55kg Dimensions:
L.w.h. 125 x 80 x 60mm Accessories included: Supply cable TL8088 Insert voltage calibration of hydrophones can be performed by connecting CAL. (BNC connector) to a
Sine-generator and the hydro- phone output from OUT connector to scope or voltmeter measures the
response. DC voltage supply to the hydrophone preamplifiers can be supplied either from the portable Battery
Modules EC6068 or EC6069 or from the EC6072 battery charger if mains are available. The TL8084
cable is used for DC supply connections. RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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EC6073
Input Module Outline dimensions and layout Circuit Diagram TL 8088 Supply Cable RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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63
EC6081
VP2000 Voltage preamplifier EC6081
• 1Hz to 1MHz bandwidth • Gain selection From 0 to 50dB • Options of 12 high-pass filters and 12 low-pass filters • Excellent low-noise characteristic The VP2000 is a 1MHz bandwidth voltage preamplifier designed for uses in conjunction with piezoelectric hydrophones. VP2000 offers excellent low-noise performance over the entire frequency
range; gain selections in 6 levels from 0 to 50dB. A range of 12 high-pass and 12 low-pass filters are available, - these allow
ideal band pass filter settings. The VP2000 has a high input impedance which allow the measurements at frequencies below 1Hz with even very small hydrophones sensor capacities. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Input:
Impedance: >100M-ohm´s Max. level: 2.4Vrms at 12V supply Output:
Impedance: 10ohm//100µF Max. level: 2.4Vrms at 12Vdc 5.4Vrms at 24V supply Max. load: 10nF (100m cable) Gain: Gain settings, 6 steps dB: 0–10–20–30–40-50 Bandwidth
Frequency range -3dB 0.5Hz to 0.5MHz with 20dB gain: -6dB 1MHz) Noise: Power spectrumdensity noise 20nV/√Hz (at 1kHz)
Hi-Pass Filters: 1-10-50-100-500-1k-5k -3dB @ Hz (6dB/oct): 10k-25k-50k-100k-250k Lo-Pass Filters: 1k-5k-10k-20k-25k-50k -3dB @ Hz (6dB/oct): 100k-250-500k-750-1M Power supply: 12Vdc (min. 10Vdc, max. 30Vdc)
Voltage nominal: 15mA @ 12Vdc
Current quiescent: 20mA @ 24Vdc Enclosure case, dimensions: 125, 80, 60mm. (l w, h) (Splash proof aluminum box)
Accessory included: Supply cable TL8088 for laboratory. Vdc supply. Accessory available: See page 2 RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
64
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EC6081
VP2000 Voltage preamplifier Functional Block Diagram Outline dimensions and layout TL 8088 Supply Cable Noise power density spectrum re input
Input load 1nF, gain 0dB, 1Hz filter Phase shift With 1 Hz filter at 0dB and 0dB gain High Pass filter characteristics Low Pass filter characteristics RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
65
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65
Accessories
Diagram on Accessories
HYDROPHONES
PREAMPLIFIERS
DC-SUPPLY
CHARGER
TC4013
TC4033
VP1000
EC6068
TC4034
EC6072
VP2000
TC4038
EC6069
TC4040
CCA1000
Hydrophones with integrated preamplifiers, -connections of, for portable use:
HYDROPHONES
INPUT MODULE
DC-SUPPLY
CHARGER
TC4014
TC4032
TC4035
EC6068
EC6073
EC6069
TC4042
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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EC6072
Cables and Accessories
Model
TL
8038
TL
8043
TC1026
•
•
TC1037
•
TL
8069
TL
8070
TL
8084
TL
8088
TL
8116
TL
8140
TL
8142
TL
8144
TC4014-5
•
•
•
TC4032
•
•
•
TC4042
•
•
•
TC2024
TC2122
•
•
EC6061
•
EC6067
•
EC6068
•
EC6069
•
EC6081
•
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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67
Cables and Accessories
TL8038/8044
TL8069
Transduser Housing, small
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
68
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Cables and Accessories
TL8070
Transduser Housing, large
TL8084
TL8085
Protectiv Cage for TC4032
TL8088
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
69
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69
Cables and Accessories
TL8140
TL8142
TL8144
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 201©RESON
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Basic Acoustics
Electro-Acoustic Properties
Name
Symbol
Unit
Quick Formula
Frequency
fkHz
kHz
-
Frequency is cycles per time unit
Input Voltage
Vin
Volt-rms
-
Input voltage at the transducer terminals in rms-value while
transmitting
OCV
Volt-rms
-
OpenCircuitVoltage.Outputvoltageatthetransducerterminalsin
rms-value while receiving when no current passes its terminals
Electric Impedance
Z
Ohm
Z=V/I=|Z|<j
|Z|2=R2+X2
Electric Phase
ϕ
deg
tan(ϕ)=X/R
Thetransducer’sphase.Thephaseanglebetweenthecurrentand
the voltage
Electric Resistance
R
Ohm
R=|Z|cos(ϕ)
Equivalent series resistance. Real part of Z,
Electric Reactance
X
Ohm
X=|Z|sin(√°)
Equivalent series reactance. Imaginary part of Z,
Conductance
GP
Ohm-1
R/(R2+X2)
Electric Power
Pe
Watt
Pe,in=V2 in⋅GP
Speed of Sound
c
m/s
-
About ~1500m/s for water
Density
ρ
kg/m3
-
About ~1000kg/m3 for water
Pressure
P
Pa
-
Therms-amplitudeofasoundwave.Forplanewavesincompressible medias p= ρ⋅c ⋅u where u is the particle velocity.
Acoustic Intensity
Ia
Watt/m3
Ia=p2/(ρc)
Acoustic power per area. Loudness of sound.
Acoustic Power
Pa
Watt
Pa=Ia⋅Aa
Acoustic power
Square: L
Circle: πr2
Sphere: 4πr2
Cylinder: 2πrh
Any area, through which acoustic energy is transferred. Often
used to describe the size of the active sound-emitting parts of a
transducer
Electric to acoustic efficiency
Output Voltage
2
Explanation
The transducer’s impedance, which is the ratio between
voltage V and current I. Z is a complex number Z=R+jX
with modulus |Z| and phase ϕ
Equivalent parallel conductance. GP=R/|Z|2 = cos(ϕ)/|Z|
Electrical power at the transducer terminals
Acoustic Area
Aa
m
Efficiency
ηea
-
ηea = Pa,out / Pe,in
Directivity Index
DI
dB
-
Thedirectivityindexistheratio(indB)ofthemaximumintensity
producedbythetransducercomparedtoapointsource,whichis
putting out the same acoustic power.
Source Level
SL
dB re
1µ[email protected]
SL=TRV+20log(Vin)
Thesourcelevelistheratio(indB)ofthemaximumintensityproducedbythetransducerat1mdistancecomparedtotheintensity
of a plane wave with rms-amplitude 1µPa (0.667⋅10-18w/m2).
TransmittingResponsetoVoltage
TRV
dB re
1µPa/[email protected]
-
Transmitresponsewithrespecttovoltagetakenatthereference
distance 1m
TransmittingResponsetoCurrent
TRC
dB re
1µPa/[email protected]
-
Transmitresponsewithrespecttocurrenttakenatthereference
distance 1m
Receiving Response
RR
dB re 1V/µPa
RR=20log(OCV)-IL
Open circuit voltage response with respect to 1µPa. Also called
receiving sensitivity.
Intensity Level
IL
dB re 1µPa
IL=20log(p/1µPa)
The intensity level is the ratio (in dB) of an intensity compared to
thereferenceintensityofaplanewavewithrms-amplitude1µPa
(0.667⋅10-18w/m2).
Transmitting Loss
TL
dB
TL=20log(r)+α(r-1)
Thedropinacousticintensitycausedbysphericalspreadingand
attenuation
2
RESON reserves the right to change specifications without notice. 2011©RESON
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Basic Acoustics
Electro-Acoustic Equations
Name
Equation (reciprocal transducers)
Unit
Source Level
SL = 10log(Pe) + 10log(ηea) + DI + 170.8
[dB re 1µPa @1m]
Transmit Response to Voltage
TRV = 10log(GP) + 10log(ηea) + DI + 170.8
[dB re 1µPa/V @1m]
Transmit Response to Current
TRC = 20log(|Z|) + TRV
[dB re 1µ Pa/Amp @1m]
RR = TRC - 354 - 20log(fkHz)
[dB re 1V/µPa]
Receiving Response
Unit Conversion
Property
Conversions
Pressure
1Pa = 106µPa = 10-5 bar = 0.145⋅10-3psi ≈ 10-5 atm
Length
1m = 1.094yd = 39.4inch
Weight
1kg = 2.205lb
Unit to convert from
Unit to convert to
Conversion formula
Y [°F]
Y = 1.8 ⋅ X + 32
Y [W/m2]
Y = 0.667 ⋅ 10-18 W/m2 ⋅ 10(X/10)
X [W/m2]
Y [Pa] rms
Y = (X⋅ 1000kg/m3 ⋅ 1500m/s)1/2
X [Decibel]
Y [Nepers]
X = 8.686 ⋅ Y
X [°C]
X [dB re 1 µPa]
Word
Symbol
Factor
dB
SI/unit
Symbols
Comment
tera
T
1012
+120
Length
Meter
1m
-
giga
G
109
+90
Area
mega
M
10
6
Square meter
1m2
-
Volume
Cubic meter
1m
3
+60
kilo
k
10
3
-
hekto
h
10
2
+30
Weight
Kilograms
1kg
-
deca
da
10
1
+20
Time
Seconds
1s
-
-
-
10
0
+10
Temperature
Celsius
1°C
or Kelvin
0
deci
d
10
-1
Energy
Joule
1J
-
centi
c
10
-2
-10
Charge
Coulomb
1C
-
milli
m
10-3
-20
Voltage
Volts
1V
-
-30
Impedance
Ohm
1Ω
Electrical
mikro
µ
10-6
-60
Impedance
Rayl
1Rayl
Acoustical
nano
n
10-9
-90
Current
Ampere
1A
1C/s
pico
p
10
-120
Conductance
Siemens
1S
Ω-1
Power
Watt
1W
1J/s
Force
Newton
1N
1kg ⋅ m/s2
Pressure
Pascal
1Pa
1N/m2
-12
Property
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Basic Acoustics
Definitions, References and Decibels
The Decibel:
A decibel is, regardless of the sort of application, always ten times the logarithmic (base ten denoted log10 or simply
log) function of a number. That is:
xdB ≡ 10log10 (x)
The decibel is often used when the range of x is very broad – say from 0.0001 to 10000 – and the advantage is that
the decibel “compresses” x. The table below shows some examples.
x
xdB
0.0001 0.001
-40
-30
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
10000
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
The logarithmic function, and therefore also the decibel, is only defined for dimensionless x, which means that x cannot have a unit like e.g. meters or Watt. Because of this, x is very often a fraction of two numbers with units; the nominator being the quantity of interest and the denominator being the reference.
xdB = 10log
a
aref
The reference concept is very important for the proper understanding of decibels because it uniquely determines what the decibel
number is referring to. An example should clarify this point. If for example “a” is the length of a stick, say a=1.3m, we cannot give
the length of a in decibels before we choose a reference distance simply because log(a) doesn’t make sense when “a” has a unit.
However, if we choose 1m as the reference we can express “a” in dB relative to 1m. That is:
adB = 10log
1.3m
1m
= 10log
1.3m
1m
= 10log(1.3) = 1.14dB re 1m
Notice that the result “1.14dB re 1m” specifically points out that the chosen reference is 1m, which enable the reverse
calculation back to a=1.3m from the dB. Therefore, even when the reference is left out in formulas to save time and
writing, all dB numbers refer to references and any dB number only makes sense if it is clear what the reference is.
The decibel and other logarithmic functions have some nice properties whereof the most important is that multiplication becomes summation. The laws of logarithmic functions are:
logk (a ⋅ b) = logk (a) + logk (b)
logk (a ⁄ b) = logk (a) - logk (b)
logk (an) = logk (a)
The last rule is often applied when the property “a” can be expressed as e.g. the square of some pressure, voltage
or distance. A missing subscript k usually refers to the logarithm with base ten k=10, but it can also mean the natural
logarithm ln(x) with base k=e=2.7183.
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Basic Acoustics
Underwater sound:
Sound is disturbances of the medium – here water – travelling in a 3 dimensional manner as the disturbance propagate with the speed of sound. The sound is defined as a plane wave when the sound propagates in a single direction
i.e. the lines for uniform phase are straight.
Plane wave propagation f=frequency
p=sound pressure
c=speed of sound
ρ=density
u=particle velocity
Za=acoustic impedance
p<0 p>0
Acoustic impedance is perhaps the most basic concepts of underwater sound because its definition is a constitutive
equation (one from which others are derived) for underwater sound propagation. The relation is:
p ≡ Za ⋅ u ,and for a plane wave Za = ρ ⋅ c
This definition is analogous to Ohm’s law for electrical circuits i.e. V=R⋅I and you can often think of particle velocity,
acoustic impedance and sound pressure in the same way. Mechanical engineers may think of Newton’s law F=m⋅a as
analogy. It shows that particle velocity and pressure are in phase in a plane sound wave.
Acoustic intensity – power (Pa) per unit area (Aa) or energy flux - is used to describe levels of underwater sound like
e.g. an echo, a whale’s call or a signal from a remote transducer. The intensity of a plane harmonic wave is:
P2rms
=
ρ ⋅ c
Ia =
Pa
Aa
The daily term “a high sound” refers to a sound with a high intensity. A reference intensity Iref has been defined in order
to enable direct comparison of the loudness of sounds and the reference intensity used in underwater acoustics is that
of a plane harmonic wave with an rms-pressure of 1µPa, which for ordinary seawater with c≈1500m/s and ρ≈1000kg/
m3 gives
-12
(1 µPa)2
W
⁄m2 =0.667 ⋅ 10-18W⁄m2
Iref =
= 10
kg 3
6
1000 ⁄m ⋅ 1500m⁄
1.5 ⋅ 10
s
The intensity level (IL=how high a sound is) is the intensity of the sound wave taken in decibels relative to the reference intensity of 1µPa plane wave rms-pressure (which is shortened to “re 1µPa”):
IL = 10log
I
0.667 ⋅ 10-18 W⁄m2
dB re 1µPa
The intensity level is thus the loudness of a sound at a field point, which is different from the loudness of a source of
sound because the intensity level decreases as the distance to the source increases. The intensity level of a sound is
for example 200dB re 1µPa, which is the same as I=Iref ⋅10(200dB/10) = 66.7W/m2.
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Basic Acoustics
Beam patterns and Directivity:
The beam pattern of a transducer contain information about the transducer’s spatial response i.e. how it transmits or receives in different directions. Transducers that are very small compared to the wavelength have omni directional beams,
which means that the energy is not concentrated in any particular direction. Transducers that are large compared to the
wavelength have a very directive beam pattern, which means that their energy is concentrated in a specific direction.
The beam width, which is the angle subtended by the points where the intensity has dropped 3dB below the maximum
on-axis response, is often used as indicators of how concentrated the energy is for a specific transducer in a given cross
section.
The directivity index of a transmitter describes how concentrated the transmitted energy is at the maximum response point
and for receivers the directivity index indicates the ability to discriminate a signal from an ambient background noise, both
cases relative to an omni directional transducer.
Source Type
-3dB Beam Width
Point
Directivity Index
360°
≈0dB
Point (baffled)
180°
≈3dB
Line (baffled)
ß≈
76200
fkHz ⋅ Lmm
ß≈
91440
fkHz ⋅ Dmm
Disc (baffled)
ßH ≈
Rectangular
(baffled)
Arbitrary (baffled)
ßV ≈
76200
fkHz ⋅ LH
76200
fkHz ⋅ LV
ßH , ßV
Beam Shape
D
D
100
DI ≈ 10log
DI ≈ 10log
Sketch
ß
L
36000
ß2
Spherical
Half spherical
DI ≈ 10log
31600
ßH ⋅ ßV
2.455
sin( ) ⋅ sin(B2V )
BH
2
LH
LV
D<<λ
Toroidal
L>λ
L in [mm]
f in [kHz]
β in [deg]
DI in [dB]
Conical
D>λ
D in [mm]
f in [kHz]
β in [deg]
DI in [dB]
D
DI ≈ 10log
Validity Conditions
D<<λ
Shell-like
or
conical
Shell-like
or
conical
LH, LV > λ
LH, LH in [mm]
f in [kHz]
βH, βV in [deg]
DI in [dB]
βH <180°
βV <180°
βH, βV in [deg]
DI in [dB]
Table 1: Approximations to far-field beam width and directivity index for various sources. Formulas for finding beam widths
assume that the speed of sound is c≈1500m/s (c=λ⋅f). Notice that the beam width of a transducer is the same whether it is
transmitting or receiving.
The nearfield (or Fresnel field) of a transducer is characterized by irregularity and changes due to refraction effects leading
the fact that the interference pattern (the beam) has not yet been fully formed. The Rayleigh distance r0 can approximate the
nearfield extension:
r0 ≈ Aactive ⁄ λ
Aactive is the active area of the transducer’s face. For line arrays, cylindrical arrays and the like it is often better to use
Aactive=(Lmax)2 where Lmax is the longest dimension found on the active face of the transducer. The farfield (Fraunhofer field)
precedes the nearfield after a transition region and is characterized by spherical spreading and regular beam patterns.
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Basic Acoustics
Underwater Sound Transmission:
Sounds originating from acoustic sources are measured in intensity level, which decreases as the distance to the
source is increased due to transmission loss (TL) i.e. spreading and absorption:
IL = SL - TL = SL - 20log(r) - a ⋅ (r-1m)
Spreading
Attenuation
The formula assumes spherical spreading for the transmission loss i.e. the sound is unbounded and spreads out like it
was originating from a point – the acoustic center of the source.
Spherical Spreading
TL=20log(r)+α(r-1)
Unbounded
Cylindrical Spreading
TL=10log(r)+α(r-1)
Semi bounded
No Spreading
TL=α(r-1)
Bounded
r, IL
SL
Attenuation
r=1
Spreading
Source
Figure 1: Schematics of sound transmission with different kind of spreading
Spherical spreading is most common and is valid in the far field required that the source is placed far enough from any
large structure. Cylindrical spreading occurs for example in shallow waters when the bottom and the surface reflects
the sound and forces it to spread like a cylinder. When the sound is completely bounded (e.g. inside a pipe) it cannot
spread and only absorption remains in the formula for transmission loss.
The last term of the transmission loss is the attenuation, which increases very significantly with the frequency and furthermore varies with pressure, temperature, salinity and acidity. Accurate approximations are hard to come by, but the
following approximation may be used:
Description
Absorption coefficient
of sound in seawater
at the sea surface
Correction for
Temperature
Correction for depth
Equation
Remarks
a0 ≈A·S ·
fT · f 2
+B·
f 2T + f 2
6-
FT = 21.9 ⋅ 10
f2
fT
1520
T+273
ad = a0 (1-6.33 ·10-5 · D)
α=attenuation [dB/m]
A=2.34⋅10-6 Np/m (Empirical constant)
B=3.38⋅10-6 Np/m (Empirical constant)
f=frequency [kHz]
fT=relaxation frequency [kHz]
S=salinity [ppt]
fT=relaxation frequency [kHz]
T=temperature [°C]
T=20°C: fT=142kHz
αd=attenuation at depth d>0m [dB/m]
α0=attenuation at d=0m [dB/m]
D=depth [m]
Table 2: Approximate formula by Schulkin & Marsh for the sound attenuation in seawater1
Reference: Schulkin, M., and H. W. Marsh: “Absorption of sound in seawater”, J. Brit. IRE, 25:493 (1963). Also, “Sound Absorption in Sea Water”,
J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 34:864 (1962).
1
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Basic Acoustics
Following Schulkin & Marsh’s approximate expressions, the special case of freshwater (S ≈ 0ppt) at room temperature
(T=20°C) and surface pressure (D=0m) gives the very simple formula for α[dB/m] as a function of the frequency f[kHz]:
dB
· f 2kHz
m ⋅ kHz2
It should be noted that the effect of having saltwater (North Atlantic S ≈ 35ppt) instead of freshwater (S ≈ 0ppt) is
significant.
a≈2.06 · 10-7
The speed of sound is a very important parameter in any echo-sounding system where a range is determined based
upon the elapsed time and the speed of sound. The speed of sound can be approximated with a simple formula:
Description
Equation
Speed of
sound in
seawater
c ≈1449.2 +4.6T
-5.5 · 10-2T2 + 2.9 · 10-4T3
+ (1.34 - 10-2T) (S - 35)
+ 1.6 · 10-2 D
Remarks
Limits
c=speed of sound [m/s]
T=temperature [°C]
S=salinity [ppt]
D=depth [m]
0 ≤ T ≤ 35°C
0 ≤ S ≤ 45ppt
0 ≤ d ≤ 1000m
Table 3: Approximate formula by Medwin for the speed of sound in seawater2
If we take the special case of freshwater (S ≈ 0ppt) at room temperature (T=20°C) and surface pressure (D=0m) again
Medvin’s formula yields:
c ≈1482 m⁄s
The corresponding result for North Atlantic seawater (S ≈ 35ptt, T=20°C, D=0m) would leave a higher speed of sound
c ≈ 1522m/s. The speed of sound is by definition the frequency multiplied with the wavelength:
c ≈f · λ
The frequency cannot change, which implies that when the speed of sound changes the wavelength changes accordingly and this forces the sound to refract (“bend”) in order to enable the change in wavelength – see Figure 2.
c1
Snell’s Law of Refraction
λ1
θ1
λ2
θ2
cos(θ1)
cos(θ2)
=
= ... = constant for a single beam
c1
c2
where θ is the grazing angle and c is the speed
of sound.
c2
Figure 2: Sketch of refraction (ray bending).
Snell’s Law of refraction gives the bending angle of the sound “ray” i.e. that particular grazing angle indicating the
chance in the ray propagation direction. Ray bending is only significant when the speed of sound changes and then
usually only at large ranges. For more information on sound refraction and ray bending see Urick3.
2
Reference: Medwin, H.: “Speed of Sound in Water For Realistic Parameters”, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 58:1318 (1975)
3
Urick, Robert J.: “Principles of underwater sound, 3rd edition”. McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1983
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Basic Acoustics
Sound pressure levels:
The source level of an acoustic source compares the intensity emitted by the acoustic source to a reference source.
This of course, also enables direct comparison of acoustic sources with each other i.e. which one is the most powerful? The reference source is an omni directional source (DI=0dB) with an acoustic output power of 1W taken at the
reference distance r=1m from the acoustic center. In terms of acoustic intensity the reference source has an acoustic
intensity I0:
Pa,0
1W
=
= 0.0796W⁄m2 @1m
I0 =
Asphere
4π(1m)2
In dB relative to the reference intensity Iref this is
I0,dB = 10log
I0 = 10log
0.0796W⁄m2
= 170.8 dB re 1µPa @1m
Iref
0.667 · 10-18W⁄m2
This is where the (to some well-known) reference level 170.8dB re 1µPa @ 1m derives from and it should be noted
that the “dB re 1µPa @1m” should be understood as “the intensity level relative to the intensity of a plane wave with
an rms-pressure of 1µPa taken at the reference distance 1m from the source”. Most acoustic sources have an acoustic power output different from 1W and they are not always omni-directional. To find the source level of such a more
generic source we simply add (in dB) the directivity and the ratio of power output relative to 1W:
SL = 10log(Pa) + DI +170.8dB re 1µPa @1m
In this formula, and in many similar, it is always understood that Pa is relative to unity with the proper unit assigned
i.e. 1W. So “Pa” is really an abbreviation for “Acoustic output power relative to 1W” just like “DI” is short for directivity
relative to an omni-directional source. The transmit response to voltage, TRV, is defined in such a way that the source
level can be calculated from:
SL = TRV +20log(Vin)
The TRV value is, however, often measured at low power and since the electric-to-acoustic efficiency can drop significantly with increased power levels it is often best to use the TRV relation with caution. It should be emphasized that
the number and term source level refers to an acoustic source, not to the level of a particular sound, and that a source
level is merely a practical definition.
The source level of a transmitter can be estimated (ignoring attenuation) by measuring the output voltage of a hydrophone submerged in the vicinity of the transmitting transducer, see the sketch below.
OCV
r
Transmitter
RR
Hydrophone
SL = 20log(OCV) - RR + 20log ( 1m
)r
For an example, the hydrophone has a receive response RR=-190dB re 1V/µPa with an open circuit (output) voltage
OCV=2.4Vrms on its terminals. This means that the intensity level at the hydrophone is IL=20log(2.4Vrms) - (-190dB
re 1V/µPa) = 197.6dB re 1µPa and if the distance between the hydrophone and the transmitter is r=4m the source
level is calculated from SL=IL+ 20log(4m/1m)=209.6dB re 1µPa @ 1m.
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