menual46
WAFER-4826EV Series
User Manual
Version 1.0
STPC-DX2 133 with LCD/CRT & Ethernet
PCB Version 1.0
March 11, 2004
©Copyright 2004 by ICP Electronics Inc. All Rights Reserved
Copyright Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without prior notice in
order to improve reliability, design and function and does not represent a
commitment on the part of the manufacturer.
In no event will the manufacturer be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental,
or consequential damages arising from the use of the product or the inability to
use the product or documentation, even if advised of the possibility of such
damages.
This document contains proprietary information protected by copyright. All rights
reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced in mechanical, electronic or
any other form in any means without prior written permission of the
manufacturer.
Trademarks
WAFER-4826EV is a registered trademark of ICP Electronics Inc., IBM PC is a
registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. Intel is a
registered trademark of Intel Corporation. AMI is a registered trademark of
American Megatrends Inc., AWARD is a registered trademark of AWARD
SOFTWARE INTERNATIONAL, Inc., Other product names mentioned in this
manual are used for identification purposes only and may be trademarks and/or
registered trademarks of their respective owners.
1
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................... 4
1.1 SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................. 5
1.2 PACKAGE CONTENTS .............................................................................. 6
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION...................................................................... 7
2.1 BOARD LAYOUT & DIMENSIONS ................................................................. 7
2.2 UNPACKING PRECAUTIONS ....................................................................... 8
2.3 COMPACT FLASH SETTINGS (JP1) .............................................................. 8
2.4 COM2 MODE SETTINGS (JP2, JP3, JP4, JP6).............................................. 9
2.5 COM2 PIN 8 RI SETTINGS (JP7).............................................................. 9
2.6 EXTERNAL SWITCHES AND INDICATORS (JP5) ................................................ 9
2.7 CLEAR CMOS SETUP (JP8) ................................................................... 10
2.8 TFT LCD SETTINGS (JP9) .................................................................... 10
CHAPTER 3 CONNECTORS ...................................................................... 11
3.1 VGA CONNECTOR (P4) ........................................................................ 11
3.2 SO-DIMM SOCKET CONNECTOR (CN3) .................................................... 12
3.3 LCD PANEL CONNECTOR 2.0MM 50 PIN (CN15).......................................... 13
3.4 I2C CONNECTION (CN4)...................................................................... 13
3.5 PC/104 CONNECTION BUS (CN5, CN6) ................................................... 14
3.6 PARALLEL PORT CONNECTOR (CN10) ........................................................ 15
3.7 SERIAL PORT CONNECTORS (CN7, 11, 14) ................................................ 15
3.8 USB PORT CONNECTOR (CN12) ............................................................. 16
3.9 DIO PORT CONNECTOR (CN16) ............................................................. 16
3.10 LAN LED CONNECTOR (CN19) ............................................................ 17
3.11 EXTERNAL KEYBOARD CONNECTOR (CN13) ............................................... 17
3.12 FLOPPY DISK DRIVE CONNECTOR (CN8) .................................................. 18
3.13 EXTERNAL POWER CONNECTOR (CN1) ..................................................... 18
3.14 12V
OR
5V CONNECTOR (CN2) ............................................................ 19
3.15 EXTERNAL BATTERY CONNECTOR (CN9) ................................................... 19
3.16 IDE DISK DRIVE CONNECTOR (IDE1)..................................................... 19
3.17 COMPACT FLASH CARD CONNECTOR (CF1)................................................ 20
CHAPTER 4 AWARD BIOS SETUP ........................................................... 21
4.1 GETTING STARTED .............................................................................. 21
4.2 MAIN MENU ...................................................................................... 22
2
4.3 STANDARD CMOS FEATURES ................................................................. 24
4.4 ADVANCED BIOS FEATURES ................................................................... 27
4.5 ADVANCED CHIPSET FEATURES ................................................................ 30
4.6 INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS ..................................................................... 30
4.7 POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP .................................................................. 32
4.8 PNP/PCI CONFIGURATIONS ................................................................... 34
4.9 LOAD FAIL-SAFE DEFAULTS.................................................................... 36
4.10 LOAD OPTIMIZED DEFAULTS ................................................................. 37
4.11 SET PASSWORD ............................................................................... 37
4.12 SAVE & EXIT SETUP .......................................................................... 39
4.13 EXIT WITHOUT SAVING ....................................................................... 40
APPENDIX A. WATCHDOG TIMER........................................................... 41
APPENDIX B: THE E2 KEY™ FUNCTION .................................................. 43
APPENDIX C I/O INFORMATION ........................................................... 44
3
Chapter 1 Introduction
Thank you for choosing the WAFER-4826EV SERIES STPC-DX2 133 CPU Board.
The WAFER-4826EV SERIES Board (denoted as WAFER-4826EV in other parts of
the manual) is an all-in-one CPU board with PC/104 for space-limited applications.
It provides all the functionalities of a full-fledged computer.
In addition, the WAFER-4826EV provides a VGA & LCD display controller on board,
which can support CRT/LCD resolutions up to [email protected] colors.
This board has a built-in Compact Flash Interface for embedded applications. The
CF is a 100% software compatible hard disk. Users can use any DOS command
without any additional software utilities.
4
1.1 Specifications
CPU
System bus connector
System memory
Enhanced IDE
Floppy disk drive
interface
Serial ports
Bi-directional parallel
port
Embedded SGS Thomson STPC-DX2 133
PC/104 connector
Onboard SDRAM or one SO-DIMM socket, supports up to
128MB SDRAM
Supports one EIDE devices with BIOS auto-detection
capabilities
Supports up to two floppy disk drives
Four RS-232 ports with 16C550 UART (or compatible) with
16-byte FIFO buffer. Support up to 115.2Kbps. Ports can
be independently configured as COM1 or COM2.
Configurable to LPT1, LPT2, LPT3 or disabled. Supports
EPP/ECP/SPP.
IrDA port
Supports Infrared (IrDA) interface (Reserved/optional)
Watch-dog timer
Can be set by 1-255 seconds intervals. Reset is triggered
when CPU does not periodically trigger the timer.
VGA display interface
Complete backward compatibility to VGA and SVGA,
supports resolution up to 1024 x 768 @ 64K colors.
CF Interface
One CF card with BIOS auto-detection capabilities.
Keyboard / Mouse
connector
Supports standard PC/AT keyboards and PS/2 mice
Power consumption
Operating temperature
+5V @ 2.6A
0° - 60° C (CPU requires a fan to use in environments
above 60°C)
5
1.2 Package Contents
The WAFER-4826EV package includes the following items:
WAFER-4826EV CPU board
1 Driver/Software CD
3 RS-2323 cables
1 Printer Cable
1 FDD cable
1 HDD cable
One 6-pin head which converts to two 6-pin DIN cable for keyboard and
mouse connection (Y Cable) x 1
User Manual
If any of these items is missing or damaged, please contact the dealer where the
product was purchased. Keep the shipping materials and carton in case you want
to ship or store the product in the future.
6
Chapter 2 Installation
This chapter describes how to install the WAFER-4826EV. Read the unpacking
information carefully and refer to the layout diagram of WAFER-4826EV below
whenever necessary.
2.1 Board Layout & Dimensions
7
2.2 Unpacking Precautions
Some components on WAFER-4826EV SBC are very sensitive to static and can be
damaged by a sudden power surge. To protect it from unintentional damage,
please be sure to follow these precautions:
Ground yourself to remove any static charge before touching WAFER-4826EV
SBC. You can do it by using an anti-static wrist strap connected to the
ground or by frequently touching any grounded conducting materials.
Handle your WAFER-4826EV SBC by its edges. Do not touch IC chips, leads
or circuitry as far as possible.
Do not plug in any connectors or set any jumpers when the power is on.
2.3 Compact Flash Mode Setting (JP1)
The Compact Flash on the WAFER-4826EV is Type II, and it uses IDE2.
JP1: Master/Slave Mode Settings
JP1 (1-2)
SHORT
OPEN
2
4
6
1
3
5
DESCRIPTION
MASTER
SLAVE
8
2.4 COM2 Mode setting (JP2, JP3, JP4, JP6)
JP2, JP3, JP4, JP6: COM2 RS-232 or RS-422/485 Mode Selections
2
1
JP3
4 6
3
5
JP4
2 4 6
1
3
5
JP2
1
2
3
JP6
2 4
1
JP2
1-2 short
2-3 short *
3
JP3 & JP4
1-3 & 2-4 short
3-5 & 4-6 short
JP6
OPEN
1-3 & 2-4 short *
DESCRIPTION
RS-422/485
RS-232
DESCRIPTION
RS-422
RS-485
Note: If using RS422/485, the COM2 on the main board will be disabled.
2.5 COM2 Pin 8 RI Settings (JP7)
JP7: Pin 8 RI Settings
2
1
JP7
4 6
3
5
JP7
3-5, 4-6 Short *
3-5, 2-4 Short
1-3, 2-4 Short
CN7 PIN 8
RI
+5V
+12V
2.6 External Switches and Indicators (JP5)
There are several external switches and indicators for monitoring and controlling
your CPU board. All functions are contained in the JP5 connector.
9
JP5: Pin Assignment and Functions
FUNCTION
Ext. Battery
RESET
HDD LED
SPEAKER
Reserved
(IrDA port)
Reserved
(KEYLOCK)
15
.. .. 5 3 1
16
.. .. 6 4 2
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
DESCRIPTION
Battery +
GND
GND
RESET
+5V
IDE_LED Buzzer Jump
for
SPK SIGNAL
Buzzer
+5V
Rev. (FIR-RX)
IR-RX
GND
IR-TX
CIR-RX
Rev. (KEYLOCK)
GND
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
2.7 Clear CMOS Setup (JP8)
If you want to clear the CMOS, for example, you forgot the your password, you
should clear the CMOS and reset the password, you should short JP8 (1-2) for
about 3 seconds. The password will be cleared from the CMOS.
JP8: Clear CMOS Setup (Reserved Function)
1
JP8
2-3
1-2
2
3
DESCRIPTION
NORMAL
CLEAR CMOS
2.8 TFT LCD Settings (JP9)
JP9: TFT LCD type (5V / 3V & FPCLK / #FPCLK) Settings
JP9
2–4
4–6
1–3
3–5
2
4
6
1
3
5
DESCRIPTION
5V TFT LCD
3V TFT LCD
#FPCLK
FPCLK
10
Chapter 3 Connectors
This chapter describes how to connect peripherals, switches and indicators to the
WAFER-4826EV board.
Table of Connectors
LABEL
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
CN1
CN2
CN3
CN4
CN5
CN6
CN7
CN8
CN9
CN10
CN11
CN12
CN13
CN14
CN15
CN16
CN17
CN18
CN19
IDE1
CF1
FUNCTION
COM1 Connector
External USB Connector (rev)
PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Connector
VGA Connector
Ethernet Connector
External Power Connector
12V or 5V(rev) Connector (for FAN etc.)
SO-DIMM Socket Connector
I2C Connector (rev)
PC/104-64 CON A
PC/104-40 CON B
COM2 Connector (RS-232/422/485)
Floppy Disk Drive Connector
External Battery Connector
Parallel Port Connector
COM3 Connector
USB Connector
External Keyboard Connector
COM4 Connector
LCD Panel Connector
DIO Connector
COM5 Connector
COM6 Connector
LAN LED Connector
IDE Disk Drive Connector
Compact Flash Card Connector
3.1 VGA Connector (P4)
The built-in DB15 VGA connector of WAFER-4826EV can be directly connected to
your CRT monitor via the attached VGA cable.
P4: DB15 VGA Connector
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
DESCRIPTION
RED
BLUE
GROUND
GROUND
5V
NC
HSYNC
SCL
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
11
DESCRIPTION
GREEN
NC
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
SDA
VSYNC
3.2 SO-DIMM Socket Connector (CN3)
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
DES.
GND
GND
MD0
MD32
MD1
MD33
MD2
MD34
MD3
MD35
3.3V
3.3V
MD4
MD36
MD5
MD37
MD6
MD38
PIN
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
DES.
MD7
MD39
GND
GND
DQ0
DQ4
DQ1
DQ5
3.3V
3.3V
MA0
MA3
MA1
MA4
MA2
MA5
GND
GND
PIN
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
DES.
MD8
MD40
MD9
MD41
MD10
MD42
MD11
MD43
3.3V
3.3V
MD12
MD44
MD13
MD45
MD14
MD46
MD15
MD47
PIN
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
DES.
GND
GND
NC
NC
NC
NC
CLK0
CKE0
3.3V
3.3V
RAS#
CAS#
WE#
CKE1
CSA#
NC
CSB#
NC
PIN
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
DES.
GND
CLK1
GND
GND
NC
NC
NC
NC
3.3V
3.3V
MD16
MD48
MD17
MD49
MD18
MD50
MD19
MD51
PIN
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
DES.
GND
GND
MD20
MD52
MD21
MD53
MD22
MD54
MD23
MD55
3.3V
3.3V
MA6
MA7
MA8
BA0
GND
GND
PIN
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
DES.
MA9
BA1
MA10
MA11
3.3V
3.3V
DQ2
DQ6
DQ3
DQ7
GND
GND
MD24
MD56
MD25
MD57
MD26
MD58
PIN
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
DES.
MD27
MD59
3.3V
3.3V
MD28
MD60
MD29
MD61
MD30
MD62
MD31
MD63
GND
GND
SDA
SCL
3.3V
3.3V
12
3.3 LCD Panel Connector 2.0mm 50Pin (CN15)
2
50
..
..
.
.. ..
1
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45
47
49
49
DESCRIPTION
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
FPD_R5
NC
NC
FPD_R1
FPD_G3
FPD_G5
FPD_B5
+LCD
NC
FPD_B2
FPD_B1
FPD_B0
FPD_EN
FPD_CK
EN_VDD
EN_VEE
GND
+VBL
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
DESCRIPTION
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
FPD_R3
FPD_R4
FPD_R2
FPD_R0
FPD_G4
FPD_G2
FPD_G1
FPD_G0
+LCD
NC
FPD_B4
FPD_B3
NC
NC
EN_BKL
FPD_VS
FPD_HS
GND
+VBL
3.4 I2C Connection (CN4)
1
CN4
1
2
3
2
3
DESCRIPTION
DATA
CLOCK
GND
13
3.5 PC/104 Connection Bus (CN5, CN6)
The WAFER-4826EV's PC/104 expansion bus lets you attach any PC/104 module.
There are two PC/104 connectors on this board: PC/104-64 and PC/104-40.
CN5: PC/104-64 CON A
64
2
1
1
2
CN6: PC/104-64 CON B
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
CN6: PC/104-64 CON B
DES.
PIN
DES.
GND
1
GND
MCS16
3
SBHE#
IOCS16
5
LA23
IRQ10
7
LA22
IRQ11
9
LA21
IRQ12
11
LA20
IRQ15
13
LA19
IRQ14
15
LA18
DACK0#
17
LA17
DRQ0
19
MEMR#
DACK5#
21
MEMW#
DRQ5
23
SD8
DACK6#
25
SD9
DRQ6
27
SD10
DACK7#
29
SD11
DRQ7
31
SD12
+5V
33
SD13
MASTER#
35
SD14
GND
37
SD15
GND
39
NC
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45
47
49
51
53
55
57
59
61
63
40
CN5: PC/104-64 CON A
DES.
PIN
DES.
IOCHCK#
2
GND
SD7
4
RSTDRV
SD6
6
+5V
SD5
8
IRQ9
SD4
10
-5V
SD3
12
DRQ2
SD2
14
-12V
SD1
16
ZWS
SD0
18
+12V
IOCHRDY
20
GND
AEN
22
SMEMW#
LA19
24
SMEMR#
LA18
26
IOW#
LA17
28
IOR#
SA16
30
DACK3#
SA15
32
DRQ3
SA14
34
DACK1#
SA13
36
DRQ1
SA12
38
REFRESH#
SA11
40
SYSCLK
SA10
42
IRQ7
SA9
44
IRQ6
SA8
46
IRQ5
SA7
48
IRQ4
SA6
50
IRQ3
SA5
52
DACK2
SA4
54
TC
SA3
56
ALE
SA2
58
+5V
SA1
60
OSC
SA0
62
GND
GND
64
GND
14
3.6 Parallel Port Connector (CN10)
This port is usually connected to a printer. WAFER-4826EV includes an on-board
parallel port to be accessed through a 26-pin mini-pitched flat-cable connector
CN10.
CN10: 26-PIN Female Connector
1
STB#
DATA 0
DATA 1
DATA 2
DATA 3
DATA 4
DATA 5
DATA 6
DATA 7
ACK#
BUSY
PE
SLCT#
25
2
AFD#
ERROR#
INIT#
SLIN#
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
NC
26
3.7 Serial Port Connectors (CN7, CN11, CN14)
The WAFER-4826EV offers two high-speed NS16C550 compatible 16-byte serial
Read/Receive UART FIFO ports.
CN11, CN14: (COM3, COM4) 10-PIN Female Connector
1
DCD#
RXD
TXD
DTR#
GND
2
DSR#
RTS#
CTS#
RI#
NC
9
10
CN7: (COM2) 10-PIN Female Connector
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
2
10
1
9
DESCRIPTION
TX- / DCD#
TX+ / RXD
RX+ / TXD
RX- / DTR#
GND
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
15
DESCRIPTION
DSR#
RTS#
CTS#
RI#/5V/12V
NC
3.8 USB Port Connector (CN12)
2
1
CN12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
7
DESCRIPTION
+5V
GND
P0DP1D+
P0D+
P1DGND
+5V
3.9 DIO Port Connector (CN16)
This port is connected to DIO 0 to 7; all pins can be set as input or output.
IO port
320 (hex)
326 (hex)
DESCRIPTION
Direction Register
DIO 0 (bit0) ~ DIO 7 (bit7)
1=input; 0=Output
DIO Port
DIO 0 (bit0) ~ DIO 7 (bit7)
2
1
CN16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
10
9
DESCRIPTION
GND
+5V
DIO 7
DIO 6
DIO 5
DIO 4
DIO 3
DIO 2
DIO 1
DIO 0
16
3.10 LAN LED Connector (CN19)
CN19
1
2
3
4
2
4
1
3
DESCRIPTION
LINKLINK+
ACTACT+
3.11 External Keyboard Connector (CN13)
The included 5 or 6-pin plug will convert to two 6-pin DIN cables for keyboard
(mouse) connection enables users to connect PS/2 keyboard (and mouse).
Simply connect your keyboards and mice to the attached cable to use them as
you normally would.
CN13 : PS/2 Keyboard (mouse/rev) Connector
6
CN13
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
DESCRIPTION
KEYBOARD CLOCK
KEYBOARD DATA
NC. (Rev. MOUSE CLOCK)
GND
SV
NC. (Rev. MOUSE DATA)
17
3.12 Floppy Disk Drive Connector (CN8)
The WAFER-4826EV board is equipped with a 34-pin daisy-chain drive connector
cable which supports up to two floppy drives. The detailed pin assignments of the
connector is described as below:
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
2
34
1
33
DESCRIPTION
GND
GND
GND
NC
GND
GND
NC
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
NC
GND
NC
PIN
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
DESCRIPTION
REDUCE WRITE
NC
NC
INDEX#
MOTOR ENABLE A#
DRIVE SELECT B#
DRIVE SELECT A#
MOTOR ENABLE B#
DIRECTION#
STEP#
WRITE DATA#
WRITE GATE#
TRACK 0#
WRITE PROTECT#
READ DATA#
SIDE 1 SELECT#
DISK CHANGE#
3.13 External Power Connector (CN1)
The WAFER-4826EV has an on-board external power connector CN1. The
WAFER-4826EV is only powered by VCC (5V), which is conducted through pin 4 of
the external power connector CN1, and power GND from pin 2 and pin 3. The
extra power supply +12V provided by CN1 will be passed to CN5 and CN6 for
PC104 slot use only.
CN1: External Power Connector
1 2 3
PIN
1
2
3
4
4
DESCRIPTION
+12V
GND
GND
+5V
18
3.14 12V or 5V Connector (CN2)
The WAFER-4826EV provides an optional fan power connector, which works only
when +12V power is supplied to CN1. Please note that a heat sink has already
been installed in STPC chip of the WAFER-4826EV. However, when running
WAFER-4826EV under a temperature of above 60℃, users will have to add an
additional CPU cooling fan.
CN2: 12V or 5V for FAN etc. connector
1
2
3
GND
+12V
NC(+5V)
3.15 External Battery Connector (CN9)
The WAFER-4826EV provides an (Molex 1.25mm 2pin) optional battery connector.
Note: If external battery is to be used, please remove the on board battery.
1
2
Battery +
GND
3.16 IDE Disk Drive Connector (IDE 1)
You can attach four IDE (Integrated Device Electronics) hard disk drives to the
WAFER-4826EV IDE controller.
IDE1: HDD Connector
1
RESET#
DATA 7
DATA 6
DATA 5
DATA 4
DATA 3
DATA 2
DATA 1
DATA 0
GND
DREQ
IOW#
IOR#
IORDY
IDACK#
IDE
INTERRUPT
SA1
SA0
CS0#
IDE ACTIVE#
+5V
GND
43
2
GND
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
NC
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
NC
NC
SA2
CS1#
GND
+5V
NC
44
19
3.17 Compact Flash Card Connector (CF1)
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
DESCRIPTION
GND
DATA 3
DATA 4
DATA 5
DATA 6
DATA 7
CS0#
NC
GND
NC
NC
NC
+5V
NC
NC
NC
NC
SA2
SA1
SA0
DATA 0
DATA 1
DATA 2
NC
NC
PIN
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
20
DESCRIPTION
NC
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
CS1#
NC
IOR#
IOW#
+5V
CF INTERRUPT
+5V
SEL
NC
RESET#
IORDY
NC
+5V
CF ACTIVE#
NC
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
GND
Chapter 4 AWARD BIOS Setup
This appendix discusses the Setup program built into the BIOS. The Setup
program enables users to configure the system. This configuration is then stored
in battery-backed CMOS RAM so that it retains the Setup information while the
power is off.
4.1 Getting Started
The BIOS is immediately active when you turn on the computer. While the BIOS
is in control, the CMOS Setup program can be activated in one of two ways:
1. By pressing <Del> immediately after switching the system on, or
2. By pressing the <Del> key when the following message appears briefly at the
bottom of the screen during the POST (Power On Self-Test).
Press DEL to enter SETUP
If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to enter Setup,
restart the system to try again by turning it OFF then ON or pressing the "RESET"
button on the system case.
You may also restart by simultaneously pressing
<Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete> keys. If you do not press the keys at the correct
time and the system does not boot, an error message will be displayed and you
will again be asked to...
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE, DEL TO ENTER SETUP
In general, you can use the arrow keys to highlight items, press <Enter> to
select, use the Page Up and Page Down keys to change entries, press <F1> for
help and press <Esc> to quit. The table on the next page provides more details
about how to navigate in the Setup program using the keyboard.
21
KEY
Up Arrow
Down Arrow
Left Arrow
Right Arrow
Esc
FUNCTION
Move to the previous item
Move to the next item
Move to the item on the left (menu bar)
Move to the item on the right (menu bar)
Main Menu: Quit without saving changes
Submenus: Exit Current page to the next
higher level menu
Move Enter
Move to the item you desired
Page Up key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
Page Down key Decrease the numeric value or make changes
+ key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
- key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
Esc Key
Main Menu- Quit and not save changes into
CMOS
Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup
Menu- Exit current page and return to Main
Menu
F1 key
General help on Setup navigation keys
F5 key
Load previous values from CMOS
F6 key
Load the fail-safe defaults from BIOS default
table
F7 key
Load the optimized defaults
F10 key
Save all the CMOS changes and exit
4.2 Main Menu
Once you enter the AwardBIOS™ CMOS Setup Utility, the Main Menu will appear
on the screen. The Main Menu allows you to select from several setup functions
and two exit choices. Use the arrow keys to select among the items and press
<Enter> to accept and enter the sub-menu.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
► Standard CMOS Features
► Load Fail-Safe Defaults
► Advanced BIOS Features
► Load Optimized Defaults
► Advanced Chipset Features
► Set Password
► Integrated Peripherals
► Save & Exit Setup
► Power Management Setup
► Exit Without Saving
► PnP/PCI Configurations
Esc : Quit
F9 : Menu in BIOS
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑ ↓ ← →
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
22
: Select Item
Note that a brief description of each highlighted selection appears at the bottom
of the screen.
The main menu includes the following main setup categories. Please note that
some systems may not include all entries.
Standard CMOS Features
Select this item for basic system configuration. See Section 4.3 for the
details.
Advanced BIOS Features
Select this item menu to set the Advanced Features available on your system.
See Section 4.4 for the details.
Advanced Chipset Features
Select this item to change the values in the chipset registers and optimize
your system's performance. See section 4.5 for the details.
Integrated Peripherals
Select this item to specify your settings for integrated peripherals. See
section 4.6 for the details.
Power Management Setup
Select this item to specify your settings for power management. See section
4.7 for the details
PnP / PCI Configurations
This entry appears if your system supports PnP / PCI. See section 4.8 for
the details.
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Select this item to load the BIOS default values for the minimal/stable
performance for your system to operate. See section 4.9 for the details.
Load Optimized Defaults
Select this item to load the BIOS default values that are factory settings for
optimal performance system operations. While Award has designed the
custom BIOS to maximize performance, the factory has the right to change
these defaults to meet their needs. See section 4.10 for the details.
Set Password
Select this item to set Passwords. See section 4.11 for the detail.
Save & Exit Setup
Saves CMOS value changes to CMOS and exit setup. See section 4.12 for
the details.
Exit Without Save
Abandons all CMOS changes and exit setup. See section 4.13 for the details.
23
4.3 Standard CMOS Features
The items in Standard CMOS Setup Menu are divided into 10 categories.
Each
category includes zero, one or more setup items. Use the arrow keys to highlight
the item and then use the <Page Up> or <Page Down> keys to select the value
for each item.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Standard CMOS Features
Item Help
Date (mm:dd:yy)
Tue, Feb 25 2003
Time (hh:mm:ss)
17 : 20 : 10
Menu Level ►
► IDE Primary Master
► IDE Primary Slave
Change the day, month,
► IDE Primary Master
year and century
► IDE Primary Slave
Drive A
Drive B
LCD&CRT
Panel Type
Halt On
[1.44M, 3.5 in.]
[None]
[Both]
[640x480 18-TFT]
[All , But Keyboard]
Base Memory
640K
Extended Memory
64512K
Total Memory
65536K
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
24
Main Menu Selections
ITEM
Date
Time
IDE Primary
Base Memory
OPTIONS
MM DD YYYY
HH : MM : SS
Options are in its sub
menu
(described in Table 3)
Options are in its sub
menu
(described in Table 3)
Options are in its sub
menu
(described in Table 3)
Options are in its sub
menu
(described in Table 3)
None
360K, 5.25 in
1.2M, 5.25 in
720K, 3.5 in
1.44M, 3.5 in
2.88M, 3.5 in
BOTH
LCD
CRT
All Errors
No Errors
All, but Keyboard
All, but Diskette
All, but Disk/Key
N/A
Extended Memory
N/A
Total Memory
N/A
IDE Primary Slave
IDE Secondary
IDE
Secondary Slave
Drive A
Drive B
CRT&LCD
Halt On
25
DESCRIPTION
Set the system date.
Set the system time
Press <Enter> to enter the
sub menu of detailed options
Press <Enter> to enter the
sub menu of detailed options
Press <Enter> to enter the
sub menu of detailed options
Press <Enter> to enter the
sub menu of detailed options
Select the type of floppy disk
drive installed in your system
Select the default video device
Select the situation in which
you want the BIOS to stop the
POST process and notify you
Displays the amount of
conventional memory
detected during boot up
Displays the amount of
extended memory detected
during boot up
Displays the total memory
available in the system
IDE Adapters
The IDE adapters control the hard disk drive. A separate sub menu is used to
configure each hard disk drive.
The IDE primary master sub menu is displayed like the following:
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
IDE Primary Slave
Item Help
IDE HDD Auto-Detection [Press Enter]
Menu Level ►
IDE Primary Slave
[Auto]
Access Mode
[Auto]
Change the day, month,
year and century
Capacity
Cylinder
Head
Precomp
Landing Zone
Sector
0 MB
0
0
0
0
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit
F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
Use the keys shown at the bottom of the screen to navigate the options and to
exit to the main menu. Refer to the table below to configure the hard disks.
ITEM
IDE HDD Auto-detection
OPTIONS
Press Enter
IDE
Primary Master
None
Auto
Manual
Capacity
Auto Display
your disk
drive size
Access Mode
CHS
LBA
Large
Auto
The following are available only if the ‘IDE
Cylinder
Min = 0
Max = 65535
Head
Min = 0
Max = 255
Precomp
Min = 0
Max = 65535
Landing zone
Min = 0
Max = 65535
Sector
Min = 0
Max = 255
DESCRIPTION
Press Enter to auto-detect the HDD on
this channel. If detection is successful,
it fills the remaining fields on this menu.
Selecting ‘manual’ lets you set the
remaining fields on this screen. Selects
the type of fixed disk. "User Type" will
let you select the number of cylinders,
heads, etc. Note: PRECOMP=65535
means no hard disk!
Disk drive capacity (Approximated).
Note that this size is usually slightly
greater than the size of a formatted disk
given by a disk-checking program.
Choose the access mode for this hard
disk
Primary Master’ item is set to ‘Manual’
Set the number of cylinders for this
hard disk.
Set the number of read/write heads
**** Warning: Setting a value of
65535 means no hard disk
****
Number of sectors per track
26
4.4 Advanced BIOS Features
Advanced BIOS features enable the configuration of the basic system operation
with the options to select system’s default speed, boot sequence, keyboard
options, shadowing and security.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Advanced BIOS Features
Item Help
Virus Warning
[Disabled]
CPU Internal Cache
[Enabled]
Menu Level ►
Quick Power On Self Test
[Enabled]
First Boot Device
[Floppy]
Allows you to choose
Second Boot Device
[SCSI]
the VIRUS warning
Third Boot Device
[HDD-0]
feature for IDE Hard
Boot Other Device
[Enabled]
Disk boot sector
Swap Floppy Drive
[Disabled]
protection. If this
Boot Up Floppy Seek
[Enabled]
function is enabled
Boot Up NumLock Status
[On]
and someone attempts to
Boot Up System Speed
[High]
write data into this
Gate A20 Option
[Fast]
area, BIOS will show
Typematic Rate Setting
[Disabled]
a warning message on
Typemtaic Rate (Chars/Sec) 6
screen and the alarm will
Typematic Delay (Msec)
250
beep.
Security Option
[Steup]
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB [Non-OS2]
Video BIOS Shadow
[Enabled]
C8000-CBFFF Shadow
[Disabled]
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit
F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Advanced BIOS Features
Item Help
CC000-CFFFF Shadow
[Disabled]
D0000-D3FFF Shadow
[Disabled]
Menu Level ►
D4C00-D7FFF Shadow
[Disabled]
D8000-DBFFF Shadow
[Disabled]
DC000-DFFFF Shadow
[Disabled]
Small Logo(EPA) Show
[Disabled]
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit
F1:General Help F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
27
Virus Warning
Enables the selection of VIRUS Warning feature for the IDE Hard Disk boot
sector protection. When this function is enabled and when a write is
attempted in the hard disk boot sector, BIOS will show a warning message
on the screen and the alarm will beep. The options are listed below:
OPTION
Enabled
Disabled
DESCRIPTION
Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a
warning message to appear when anything attempts to
access the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
No warning message will appear when anything attempts to
access the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
CPU Internal Cache
This attempts to speed up memory access. The amount of speedup is
dependant on the CPU/chipset design.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Quick Power On Self-Test
This category speeds up the Power On Self Test (POST) after you turn on the
computer. If it is enabled, the BIOS will shorten or skip some tests during
POST.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
First/Second/Third/Other Boot Device
The BIOS will attempt to load the operating system from the devices in the
sequence selected in these items.
Options: Floppy, LS120, HDD0-3, SCSI, CDROM, ZIP100, LAN, and Disabled.
Swap Floppy Drive
If the system has two floppy drives, you can swap the logical drive name
assignments.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Checks the floppy disk drives for an operating system during boot up.
Disabling this option speeds the startup of the computer.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Choose whether to engage NumLock upon turning the computer on.
Options: On, Off.
28
Gate A20 Option
Choose whether the chipset or the keyboard controller should control
GateA20.
OPTION
Normal
Fast
DESCRIPTION
A pin in the keyboard controller controls GateA20
Allows the chipset to take over control of the GateA20
Typematic Rate Setting
Keystrokes repeat (typematic) at a rate determined by the keyboard
controller. When enabled, the typematic rate and typematic delay can be
selected.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
Sets the number of times a second to repeat a keystroke when you hold the
key down.
Options: 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, and 30.
Typematic Delay (Msec)
Sets the delay time after the key is held down before it begins to repeat the
keystroke.
Options: 250, 500, 750, and 1000.
Security Option
Select whether the password is required every time the system boots or only
when you enter setup.
OPTION
System
Setup
DESCRIPTION
The system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied
if the correct password is not entered at the prompt.
The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied if
the correct password is not entered at the prompt.
Note: To disable security, select PASSWORD SETTING at Main Menu and
you will be asked to enter a password. Do not type anything and
Press <Enter> to disable security. Once the security is disabled, you
can start up the system and enter BIOS setup without using a
password.
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB
If the system has more than 64MB of RAM, select OS2 if OS/2 is used on the
computer. Otherwise, select Non-OS2.
Options: Non-OS2, OS2.
29
Video BIOS Cacheable
Enabling this option will enable caching of the video BIOS, which results in
better system performance. However, if any program writes to this memory
area, a system error may result.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
4.5 Advanced Chipset Features
Use this menu to specify your settings for ISA/SDRAM frequency controls.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Advanced Chipset Features
Item Help
Memory Hole (15M –16M) [Disabled]
ISA Clcck
[14.3MHz/2]
Menu Level ►
SDRAM Clock
[ 66MHz]
DRAM_Write_Posting
[Disabled]
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit
F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
4.6 Integrated Peripherals
Use this menu to specify your settings for integrated peripherals.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Integrated Peripherals
Item Help
On-Chip Local Bus IDE
[Enabled]
IDE Buffer for DOS & Win [Enabled]
Menu Level ►
The 2nd channel IDE
[Enabled]
IDE Primary Master PIO
[Auto]
IDE Primary Slave PIO
[Auto]
IDE Secondary Master PIO [Auto]
IDE Secondary Slave PIO [Auto]
IDE HDD Block Mode
[Enabled]
KBC input clock
[8 MHz]
Onboard FDC Controller
[Enabled]
Onboard Serial Port 1
[3F8/IRQ4]
Onboard Serial Port 2
[2F8/IRQ3]
Onboard IR Controller
IR Address Select
[3E0H]
IR Mode
IR Transmission delay
[Enabled]
IR IRQ Select
[IRQ10]
IR Mode Use DMA
[Disabled]
Onboard Parallel Port
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit
F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
30
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Integrated Peripherals
Item Help
ECP Mode Use DMA
[3]
EPP Mode Select
[EPP1.9]
Menu Level ►
Watch Dog Timer Select
[Disabled]
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit
F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
On-Chip Local Bus IDE
The chipset contains a Local Bus IDE interface with support for two IDE
channels. Select “Enabled” to enable the primary IDE interface. Select
“Disabled” to disable this interface
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you set a PIO mode
(0-4) for each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface
supports.
Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance.
In Auto mode, the system automatically determines the optimal mode for
each device.
Options: Auto, Mode 0, Mode 1, Mode 2, Mode 3, and Mode 4.
IDE HDD Block Mode
Block mode is also called block transfer, multiple commands, or multiple
sector read/write.
If your IDE hard drive supports block mode (most new
drives do), select “Enabled’ for automatic detection of the optimal number of
block read/writes per sector the drive can support.
Options: Enabled, Disabled
Onboard FDC Controller
Select “Enabled” if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDC) installed
on the system board and you wish to use it. If you install and-in FDC or the
system has no floppy drive, select Disabled in this field.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
31
Onboard Serial Port 1/Port 2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and second serial
ports.
Options: 3F8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, Disabled, Auto.
Onboard Parallel Port
This item allows you to determine onboard parallel port controller I/O
address setting.
Options: 378/IRQ7, 278/IRQ5, 3BC/IRQ7, and Disabled.
Parallel Port Mode
Select an operating mode for the onboard parallel (printer) port. Select
Normal, Compatible, or SPP unless you are certain your hardware and
software both support one of the other available modes.
Options: Normal, EPP, ECP, and ECP/EPP
ECP Mode Use DMA
Select a DMA channel for the parallel port for use during ECP mode.
Options: 3, 1.
Parallel Port EPP Type
Select EPP port type 1.7 or 1.9.
Options: EPP1.7, EPP1.9
4.7
Power Management Setup
This allows you to configure your system in a way such that you can use the
computer as you normally would, while making the most efficient use of energy
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
Power Management Setup
Item Help
Power Management
[User Define]
PM Control by APM
[Yes]
Menu Level ►
Video Off Option
[Susp,Stby -> Off]
Video Off Method
[V/H SYNC+Blank]
** PM Timers **
HDD Power Down
[Disable]
Doze Time-Out
[Disable]
Standby Time-Out
[Disable]
Suspend Time-Out
[Disable]
** PM Events **
DMA Request (DRQ)
[Disable]
PCI master device (PCIM) [Disable]
Parallel I/O (PIO)
[Disable]
Serial I/O (SIO)
[Disable]
Keyboard (KBD)
[Enable]
Floppy Disk Controller
[Disable]
Hard Disk Controller
[Disable]
IRQ 15 - 1 Detection
[Enable]
IRQ 0 Detection
[Disable]
NMI Detection
[Disable]
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit
F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
32
Power Management
This category allows you to select the type (or amount) of power saving and
is directly related to the following modes:
HDD Power Down
When enabled, the hard disk drive will power down after a specified
time of system inactivity.
Doze Mode
When enabled, the CPU clock will run at a lower frequency after a
specified time of system inactivity.
Suspend Mode
When enabled, every component on the computer, except the CPU, will
be powered down after a specified time of system inactivity.
There are four selections for Power Management, three of which have pre-defined
settings for Doze, Standby, Suspend Modes and HDD Power Down.
OPTION
Disable (default)
Min. Power Saving
Max. Power
Saving
User Defined
DESCRIPTION
No power management. Disables all power
saving modes.
Minimum power management. Doze Mode =
1 hr. Standby Mode = 1 hr., Suspend Mode =
1 hr., and HDD Power Down = 15 min.
Maximum power management -- ONLY
AVAILABLE FOR SL CPU’s. Doze Mode = 1
min., Standby Mode = 1 min., Suspend Mode
= 1 min., and HDD Power Down = 1 min.
Allow the individual settings of Doze, Standby,
Suspend Modes (between 1 min. and 1 hr. of
inactivity) and the HDD Power Down (between
1 min. to 15 min). Each setting may also be
individually disabled.
PM Control by APM
When enabled, an Advanced Power Management device will be used to
enhance the Max. Power Saving mode and stop the CPU internal clock. If
Advance Power Management (APM) is installed on your system, selecting Yes
gives better power savings.
If the Max. Power Saving is not enabled, this will be preset to No.
Options: Yes, No.
Video Off Option
When enabled, this feature allows the VGA adapter to operate in a power
saving mode.
OPTION
DESCRIPTION
Always On
Monitor will remain on during power saving modes.
Suspend --> Off
Monitor blanked when the systems enters the Suspend mode.
All Modes --> Off
Monitor blanked when the system enters any power saving mode.
33
Video Off Method
This determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked. Please see the
table below for details on each option.
OPTION
V/H
SYNC+Blank
Blank Screen
DPMS Support
4.8
DESCRIPTION
This selection will cause the system to turn off
the vertical and horizontal synchronization ports
and write blanks to the video buffer.
This option only writes blanks to the video
buffer.
Select this option if your monitor supports the
Display Power Management Signaling (DPMS)
standard of the Video Electronics Standards to
select video power management settings.
PnP/PCI Configurations
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system.
PCI, or Personal
Computer Interconnect, is a system which allows I/O devices to operate at
speeds nearing the speed the CPU itself, uses when communicating with its own
special components.
This section covers some very technical items and it is
strongly recommended that only experienced users make any changes to the
default settings.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
PnP/PCI Configurations
Item Help
Reset Configuration Data
[Disabled]
Menu Level ►
Resources Controlled By
[Auto (ESCD)]
IRQ Resources
Press Enter
Default is Disabled.
DMA Resources
Press Enter
Select Enabled to
reset Extended System
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
[Disabled]
Configuration Data
ESCD) when you exit
Setup if you have
installed a new add-on
and the system
reconfiguration has
caused such a serious
conflict that the OS
cannot boot
↑↓→←:Move Enter:Select +/-/PU/PD:Value F10:Save ESE:Exit F1:General Help
F5: Previous Values F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
F7:Optimized Defaults
Reset Configuration Data
Normally, you leave this field Disabled.
Select Enabled to reset Extended
System Configuration Data (ESCD) when you exit Setup if you have installed
a new add-on and the system reconfiguration has caused such a serious
conflict that the operating system cannot boot.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
34
Resource controlled by
The Award Plug and Play BIOS has the capacity to automatically configure all
of the boot and Plug and Play compatible devices. However, this capability
means absolutely nothing unless you are using a Plug and Play operating
system such as Windows®95.
If you set this field to “manual” choose
specific resources by going into each of the sub menu that follows this field
(a sub menu is preceded by a “ ”).
Options: Auto(ESCD), Manual.
IRQ Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt a type,
depending on the type of device using the interrupt.
IRQ3/4/5/7/9/10/11/12/14/15 assigned to
The user may assign the each of the listed interrupts to a specific type of device
here, namely Legacy ISA devices and PCI/ISA PnP devices.
The Legacy ISA
Devices are those that are compliant with the original PC AT bus specification
and requires a specific interrupt (such as IRQ4 for serial port 1). PCI and ISA
PnP Devices are compliant with the Plug and Play standard.
Options: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
DMA Resource
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system DMA channel a
type, depending on the type of device using the DMA channel.
DMA 0/1/3/5/6/7 assigned to
The user may assign each of the listed DMA channels to a specific type
of device here, namely the Legacy ISA devices and the PnP PCI/ISA
devices.
The Legacy ISA Devices are those that are compliant with the original PC AT
bus specification and requires a specific interrupt (such as IRQ4 for serial port
1). PCI and ISA PnP Devices are compliant with the Plug and Play standard.
Options: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
Please leave this set as Disabled and please do not modify this setting.
Options: Enabled, Disabled.
35
4.9 Load Fail-Safe Defaults
There are two options labeled with the word “Defaults” here, namely “Load FailSafe Defaults” and “Load Optimized Defaults”, the “Load Fail-Safe Defaults” are
described in this section while the “Load Optimized Defaults are described in D.9.
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with
a message similar to:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimalperformance system operations.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
► Standard CMOS Features
► Load Fail-Safe Defaults
► Advanced BIOS Features
► Load Optimized Defaults
► Advanced Chipset Features
► Set Password
► Integrated Peripherals
► Save & Exit Setup
► Power Management
► PnP/PCI Configuration
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
(Y/N)? N
Esc : Quit
F9 : Menu in BIOS
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑ ↓ ← →
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
36
: Select Item
4.10 Load Optimized Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with a
message similar to:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal
performance system operations.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
► Standard CMOS Features
► Load Fail-Safe Defaults
► Advanced BIOS Features
► Load Optimized Defaults
► Advanced Chipset Features
► Set Password
► Integrated Peripherals
► Save & Exit Setup
► Power management
► PnP/PCI Configuration
Load
Optimized
Defaults (Y/N)? N
Esc : Quit
F9 : Menu in BIOS
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑ ↓ ← →
: Select Item
Load Optimized Defaults
4.11 Set Password
You can set either the setup or the system password. Upon selecting this option,
you will see:
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>.
The
password typed now will replace any password from CMOS memory. You will be
asked to confirm the password.
Type the password again and press <Enter>.
You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a password.
To disable the password protection, just press <Enter> when you are prompted
to enter the password. A message, like the one shown below, will confirm the
disabling of the password.
PASSWORD DISABLED.
Once the password is disabled, the system will reboot and you can enter Setup
freely.
37
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to enter it every time
you try to enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any
part of your system configuration.
In addition, you can set the BIOS to prompt for a password every time the
system is started or restarted.
computer.
Menu.
This prevents the unauthorized use of your
This can be set in the Security option in the BIOS Features Setup
In the Security option, if it is set to “System”, the password will be
required for both startup and CMOS Setup. If it is set to “Setup”, the password is
only required when entering the CMOS Setup.
Please see below for an illustration of the Password protection in use for the
CMOS Setup screen.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
► Standard CMOS Features
► Load Fail-Safe Defaults
► Advanced BIOS Features
► Load Optimized Defaults
► Advanced Chipset Features
► Set Password
► Integrated Peripherals
► Save & Exit Setup
► Power Management Setup
► Exit Without Saving
► PnP/PCI Configuration
Enter Password:
Esc : Quit
F9 : Menu in BIOS
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑ ↓ ← →
Change/Set/Disable Password
38
: Select Item
4.12 Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” saves the changes made in the menus in CMOS – a special section of
memory that stays on after you turn your system off. The next time you boot
your computer, the BIOS configures your system according to the Setup
selections stored in CMOS. After saving the values the system is restarted again.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
► Standard CMOS Features
► Load Fail-Safe Defaults
► Advanced BIOS Features
► Load Optimized Defaults
► Advanced Chipset Features
► Set Password
► Integrated Peripherals
► Save & Exit Setup
► Power Management
SAVE to CMOS and
EXIT (Y/N)? Y
► PnP/PCI Configuration
Esc : Quit
F9 : Menu in BIOS
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑ ↓ ← →
Save Data to CMOS
39
: Select Item
4.13 Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit without saving (Y/N)? Y
This allows you to exit Setup without saving any changes in the CMOS.
The
previous selections remain in effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your
computer.
Phoenix - AwardBIOS CMOS Setup Utility
► Standard CMOS Features
► Load Fail-Safe Defaults
► Advanced BIOS Features
► Load Optimized Defaults
► Advanced Chipset Features
► Set Password
► Integrated Peripherals
► Save & Exit Setup
► Power Management
Quit Without Saving
(Y/N)? N
► PnP/PCI Configuration
Esc : Quit
F9 : Menu in BIOS
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑ ↓ ← →
Abandon all Data changes
40
: Select Item
Appendix A. Watchdog Timer
The Watchdog Timer is a device to ensure that standalone systems can always
recover from abnormal conditions that cause the system to crash. These
conditions may have resulted from an external EMI or a software bug. When the
system stops working, hardware on the board will perform a hardware reset (cold
boot) to bring the system back to a known state.
Three I/O ports control the operation of Watchdog Timer, which is described in
the following table.
I/O PORT
443 (hex)
443 (hex)
043/843 (hex)
ACTION
Write
Read
Read
DESCRIPTION
Set time-out period
Enable the refreshing of the Watchdog Timer.
Disable the Watchdog Timer.
Prior to enabling the Watchdog Timer, set the time-out period. The range of the
timer is 1 to 255 sec, set in increments of 1 second. Send the time-out value to
the I/O port 443H, and then enable it by reading data from the same I/O port.
This will activate the timer, which will eventually time out and check and monitor
the CPU board. This must be done within the time-out period that is set by the
software. For additional help, please refer to the example program. Finally,
disable the Watchdog timer by reading the I/O port 843H or 043H, otherwise the
system will reset unconditionally. Please refer to the sample assembly program
on the next page for more details.
Note: A margin of error of at least 5% must be maintained to avoid unknown
routines in the operating system (DOS), such as disk I/O, which can be
very time-consuming.
Therefore if the time-out period is set to 10
seconds, the I/O port 443H must be completely read within 7 seconds.
41
Sample assembly program:
TIMER_PORT
= 443H
TIMER_START = 443H
TIMER_STOP
= 843H
;; Initialize Timer
MOV DX, TIMER_PORT
MOV AL, 8
;;8 seconds
OUT DX, AL
MOV DX, TIMER_START
IN AL, DX
;;Start counter
W_LOOP:
MOV DX, TIMER_STOP
IN AL, DX
MOV DX, TIMER_START
IN AL, DX
;;Restart counter
;;Add Your Application/Implementation Here
CMP EXIT_AP, 0
JNE W_LOOP
MOV DX, TIMER_STOP
IN AL, DX
;;Exit the application
42
Appendix B. The E2 Key™ Function
The WAFER-4826EV provides an outstanding E2KEY™ function for system
integrators. Based on the E2KEY™, ID Code, Passwords or Critical Data can be
stored in the 1Kbit EEPROM (memory module). The loss of these important data
is prevented, as EEPROM is non-volatile.
The E2KEY™ is based on a 1Kbit EEPROM, which is configured to 64 words (from
0 to 63). The user can access (read or write) each word at any time.
When you start to use WAFER-4826, the E2KEY™ utility is already in the package.
The software utility will contain the following four files:
README.DOC
E2KEY.OBJ
EKEYDEMO.C
EKEYDEMO.EXE.
The E2KEY.OBJ provides two library functions (read_e2key and write_e2key)
for users to integrate their applications with E2KEY™. These compiled library
functions are written in the C programming language. Please check the following
statements to for using and implementing the library functions:
unsigned int read_e2key(unsigned int address)
/* This function will return the data of E2KEY™ at the specified address. The
address ranges from 0 to 63. Return data is one word, 16 bits in length. */
void write_e2key(unsigned int address, unsigned int data)
/* This function will write the given data to the E2KEY™ at a certain address. The
address ranges from 0 to 63. The data value is from 0 to 0xffff. */
To use these functions, please refer to the included EKEYDEMO.C sample program
for further information.
43
Appendix C. I/O Information
IO Address Mappings
I/O ADDRESS RANGE
000-01F
020-021
040-05F
060-06F
070-07F
080-09F
0A0-0BF
0C0-0DF
0F0
0F1
0F2
0F8-0FF
1F0-1F8
200-207
278-27F
2E8-2EF
2F8-2FF
300-31F
360-36F
378-37F
3B0-3BF
3C0-3CF
3D0-3DF
3E8-3EF
3F0-3F7
3F8-3FF
443
843 or 043
DESCRIPTION
DMA Controller #1
Interrupt Controller #1, Master
8254 timer
8042 (Keyboard Controller)
Real time Clock, NMI (non-maskable interrupt) Mask
DMA Page Register
Interrupt Controller #2
DMA Controller #2
Clear Math Coprocessor Busy
Reset Math Coprocessor
Core logic programming configuration
Math Coprocessor
Fixed Disk
Game I/O
Parallel Printer Port 2 (LPT3)
Serial Port 4
Serial Port 2
Prototype Card
Reserved
Parallel Printer Port 1 (LPT2)
Monochrome Display and Printer Adapter (LPT1)
Reserved
Color/Graphics Monitor Adapter
Serial Port 3
Diskette Controller
Serial Port 1
Watch-dog timer enable
Watch-dog timer disable
1st MB Memory Address Map
MEMORY ADDRESS
00000-9FFFF
A0000-BFFFF
C0000-C7FFF
*D6000-DDFFF
F0000-FFFFF
1000000-
DESCRPTION
System memory
VGA buffer
VGA BIOS
DOC 2000
System BIOS
Extend BIOS
44
IRQ Mapping Chart
IRQ
IRQ0
IRQ1
IRQ2
IRQ3
IRQ4
IRQ5
IRQ6
IRQ7
FUNCTION
System Timer
Keyboard
Cascade to IRQ Controller
COM2
COM1
Unused
FDC
Printer
IRQ
IRQ8
IRQ9
IRQ10
IRQ11
IRQ12
IRQ13
IRQ14
IRQ15
FUNCTION
RTC Clock
Unused
Unused
Unused
PS/2 mouse
FPU
Primary IDE
Compact Flash
DMA Channel Assignments
CHANNEL
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
FUNCTION
Available
Available
Floppy Disk (8-bit transfer)
Available
Cascade for DMA controller 1
Available
Available
Available
45
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