® PCM1732 49% FPO ® ® For most current data sheet and other product information, visit www.burr-brown.com 24-Bit, 96kHz, Stereo Audio DIGITAL-TO-ANALOG CONVERTER With HDCD® Decoder TM ● ● ● The PCM1732 is designed for mid- to high-grade digital audio applications which achieve 96kHz sampling rates with 24-bit audio data, such as High Definition Compatible Digital (HDCD) CD players, DVD players, mini-disc players and AV receivers. PCM1732 uses a newly-developed “enhanced, multilevel delta-sigma modulator” architecture that improves audio dynamic performance and reduces jitter sensitivity. The internal digital filter operates at 8x oversampling at a 96kHz sampling rate, with –120dB stopband attenuation. PCM1732 HDCD Amplitude Decoding HDCD Hidden Code Recovery HDCD 8x Oversampling Digital Filter ML/I2S MD/FSS CS/IWO MODE MUTE Low-Pass Filter DAC Enhanced Multi-Level ∆Σ Modulator MC/DEM NOTE: An HDCD license from Pacific Microsonics, Inc. is required to purchase the PCM1732. VCC2R AGND2R ● ● ENHANCED MULTI-LEVEL ∆Σ DAC INPUT AUDIO DATA WORD: 16-, 20-, 24-Bit SAMPLING FREQUENCY (fs): 16kHz - 96kHz SYSTEM CLOCK: 256, 384, 512, 768fS HIGH PERFORMANCE: THD+N: –96dB Dynamic Range: 104dB SNR: 104dB AUDIO OUTPUT LEVEL: 0.57 x VCC (Vp-p) 8x OVERSAMPLING DIGITAL FILTER WITH HDCD DECODER: Stopband Attenuation: –120dB Passband Ripple: ±0.00001dB HDCD Filter Optimized for 44.1kHz to 48kHz and 88.2kHz to 96kHz MULTI-FUNCTIONS: Digital De-emphasis Soft Mute BCKIN Serial Digital Attenuation Input LRCIN I/F Zero Detect DIN Digital Gain Scaling Reversible Output Phase +5V SINGLE-SUPPLY OPERATION SMALL SO-28 PACKAGE VCC2L ● ● ● ● ● DESCRIPTION AGND2L FEATURES Low-Pass Filter DAC Mode Control I/F EXTL VOUTR EXTR ZERO BPZ Control SCK Power-On Reset Open Drain RST HDCD® is a registered trademark of Pacific Microsonics, Inc. Crystal/OSC HDCD® technology is provided under license from Pacific Microsonics Inc. The PCM1732’s design is covered by the following patents: In the USA: 45,479,168, 5,638,074, 5,640,161, 5,808,574, 5,838,274 5,854,600, 5,864,311, 5,872,531. In Australia: 669,114. Other patents pending. XTI XTO Power Supply CLKO VCC1 AGND1 VDD DGND International Airport Industrial Park • Mailing Address: PO Box 11400, Tucson, AZ 85734 • Street Address: 6730 S. Tucson Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85706 • Tel: (520) 746-1111 Twx: 910-952-1111 • Internet: http://www.burr-brown.com/ • Cable: BBRCORP • Telex: 066-6491 • FAX: (520) 889-1510 • Immediate Product Info: (800) 548-6132 © 1999 Burr-Brown Corporation VOUTL PDS-1522B Printed in U.S.A. August, 1999 SPECIFICATIONS 24-Bit Data Performance All specifications at +25°C, +VCC = +VDD = +5V, fS = 44.1kHz, and SYSCLK = 384fS, unless otherwise noted. PCM1732 PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX RESOLUTION 24 DATA FORMAT Audio Data Interface Format Data Bit Length Audio Data Format Sampling Frequency (fS) System Clock Frequency(1) System Clock Duty Cycle Standard/I2S 16/20/24 Selectable MSB-First, Binary Two’s Complement 16 96 256/384/512/768fS 40 60 DIGITAL INPUT/OUTPUT LOGIC LEVEL Input Logic Level (except XTI): VIH VIL Output Logic Level (CLKO): VOH VOL CLKO PERFORMANCE(2) Output Rise Time Output Fall Time Output Duty Cycle DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE(3, 4) THD+N VO = 0dB VO = –60dB Dynamic Range Signal-to-Noise Ratio(5) Channel Separation DC ACCURACY Gain Error Gain Mismatch Channel-to-Channel Bipolar Zero Error ANALOG OUTPUT Output Voltage(6) Center Voltage Load Impedance DIGITAL FILTER PERFORMANCE Filter Characteristics 1 (fS = 44.1kHz/48kHz optimal) Passband Stopband Passband Ripple Stopband Attenuation Delay Time Filter Characteristics 2 (fS = 88.2kHz/96kHz optimal) Passband Stopband Passband Ripple Stopband Attenuation Delay Time De-Emphasis Error INTERNAL ANALOG FILTER –3dB Bandwidth Passband Response POWER SUPPLY REQUIREMENTS Voltage Range Supply Current: ICC + IDD Power Dissipation 2.0 0.8 IOH = 2mA IOL = 4mA 4.5 0.5 20 ~ 80% VDD, 10pF 80 ~ 20% VDD, 10pF 10pF Load 5.5 4 30 fS = 44.1kHz fS = 96kHz fS = 44.1kHz –96 –94 –42 fS = 44.1kHz, EIAJ A-weighted fS = 96kHz, A-weighted fS = 44.1kHz, EIAJ A-weighted fS = 96kHz, A-weighted fS = 44.1kHz fS = 96kHz 98 98 96 Full Scale (0dB) –90 ±3.0 ±3.0 ±60 V V V V dB dB dB % of FSR % of FSR mV Vp-p V kΩ 5 ±0.002dB –3dB % dB dB dB dB dB dB 0.57 VCC 0.5 VCC AC Load kHz ns ns % 104 103 104 103 104 101 ±1.0 ±1.0 ±30 VO = 0.5VCC at Bipolar Zero UNITS Bits 0.471fS 0.487fS 0.515fS < 0.453fS Stopband = 0.515fS Stopband = 0.520fS ±0.0001 –109 –123 81/fS ±0.005dB –3dB dB dB dB sec 0.395fS 0.441fS 0.538fS < 0.341fS Stopband = 0.538fS ±0.0001 –132 31/fS ±0.1 100 –0.16 f = 20kHz VDD, VCC fS = 44.1kHz fS = 96kHz fS = 44.1kHz fS = 96kHz 4.5 TEMPERATURE RANGE Operating Storage Thermal Resistance, θJA 5 85 93 425 465 –25 –55 kHz dB 5.5 105 525 +70 +100 67 dB dB sec dB VDC mA mA mW mW °C °C °C/W NOTES: (1) Refer to the System Clock section of this data sheet. (2) An external buffer is recommended. (3) Dynamic performance specifications are tested with 20kHz low-pass filter and THD+N specifications are tested with 30kHz LPF, 400Hz HPF, Average Mode. (4) Dynamic performance specifications are tested with HDCD gain scaling set to analog gain scaling. (5) SNR is tested with infinite zero detection off. (6) Output level is for sine wave. DAC outputs 0.64 VCC (peak-to-peak) due to filter response as transient. ® PCM1732 2 SPECIFICATIONS 16-Bit Data Performance All specifications at +25°C, +VDD = +VCC = +5V, fS = 44.1kHz, and SYSCLK = 384fS, unless otherwise noted. For discussion of HDCD scaling options, see the Applications Considerations section of this data sheet. PCM1732U PARAMETER DYNAMIC ANALOG PERFORMANCE, STANDARD CD, ANALOG HDCD SCALING(1) Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise VO = 0dB VO = –60dB Dynamic Range Output Voltage, Sine Wave DYNAMIC ANALOG PERFORMANCE, HDCD CD, ANALOG HDCD SCALING(3) Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise VO = 0dB VO = –60dB Dynamic Range Output Voltage, Sine Wave DYNAMIC ANALOG PERFORMANCE, Standard CD, Digital HDCD SCALING(1) Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise VO = 0dB VO = –60dB Dynamic Range Output Voltage, Sine Wave DYNAMIC ANALOG PERFORMANCE HDCD CD, Digital HDCD SCALING(2) Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise VO = 0dB VO = –60dB Dynamic Range Output Voltage, Sine Wave CONDITIONS 0dBFS EIAJ A-Weighted 0dBFS(2) 0dBFS EIAJ A-Weighted(4) 0dBFS, Without Peak Extend(2) 0dBFS, With Peak Extend(5) +6dBFS(5, 6) 0dBFS EIAJ A-Weighted 0dBFS 0dBFS EIAJ A-Weighted(4) 0dBFS +6dBFS(5) MIN TYP MAX UNITS –95 –37 99 0.57VCC dB dB dB Vp-p –94 –38 104 0.57VCC 0.285VCC 0.57VCC dB dB dB Vp-p Vp-p Vp-p –92 –33 96 0.285VCC dB dB dB Vp-p –91 –34 104 0.285VCC 0.57VCC dB dB dB Vp-p Vp-p NOTES: (1) Without dither. (2) Gain pin is LOW. (3) With the rectangular PDF dither. (4) Including Peak Extend to +6dBFS. (5) Gain pin is HIGH. (6) +6dBFS is the full Peak Extend, while dynamic range numbers are with Peak Extend. The information provided herein is believed to be reliable; however, BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies or omissions. BURR-BROWN assumes no responsibility for the use of this information, and all use of such information shall be entirely at the user’s own risk. Prices and specifications are subject to change without notice. No patent rights or licenses to any of the circuits described herein are implied or granted to any third party. BURR-BROWN does not authorize or warrant any BURR-BROWN product for use in life support devices and/or systems. ® 3 PCM1732 PIN CONFIGURATION PIN ASSIGNMENTS Top View SO-28 LRCIN 1 28 ML/I2S DIN 2 27 MC/DEM BCKIN 3 26 MD/FSS CLKO 4 25 MUTE XTI 5 24 MODE XTO 6 23 CS/IWO DGND 7 22 RST VDD 8 21 ZERO HDCD 9 20 GAIN VCC2R 10 19 VCC2L AGND2R 11 18 AGND2L EXTR 12 17 EXTL VOUTR 13 16 VOUTL AGND1 14 15 VCC1 PCM1732U PIN NAME I/O DESCRIPTION 1 LRCIN IN Left and Right Clock Input. This clock is equal to the sampling rate, fS.(1) 2 DIN IN Serial Audio Data Input(1) 3 BCKIN IN 4 CLKO OUT 5 XTI IN 6 XTO OUT 7 DGND — 8 VDD — 9 HDCD OUT Oscillator Input/External Clock Input(2) Oscillator Output Digital Ground Digital Power +5V HDCD Encoded Data Detect 10 VCC2R — Analog Power +5V, Rch 11 AGND2R — Analog Ground, Rch 12 EXTR — Common Mode Voltage for Analog Output Amp, Rch 13 VOUTR OUT 14 AGND1 — 15 VCC1 — 16 VOUTL OUT 17 EXTL — 18 AGND2L OUT 19 VCC2L — 20 GAIN OUT 21 ZERO OUT 22 RST IN Reset. When this pin is LOW, the digital filter and modulators are held in reset.(3) 23 CS/IW0 IN Chip Select/Input Format Selection. When this pin is LOW, the Mode Control interface is enabled.(4) 24 MODE IN Mode Control Select: H = Software; L = Hardware(3) 25 MUTE IN Mute Control(3) 26 MD/FSS IN Mode Data/Sampling Rate Range Select(3) 27 MC/DEM IN Mode Clock/De-Emphasis Select(3) 28 ML/I2S IN Mode Latch/Input Format Select(3) ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Power Supply Voltage ...................................................................... +6.5V +VCC to +VDD Difference ................................................................... ±0.1V Input Logic Voltage .................................................. –0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V) Input Current (except power supply) ............................................... ±10mA Power Dissipation .......................................................................... 750mW Operating Temperature Range ......................................... –25°C to +70°C Storage Temperature ...................................................... –55°C to +125°C Lead Temperature (soldering, 5s) ................................................. +260°C (reflow, 10s) .................................................... +235°C Bit Clock Input for Serial Audio Data(1) Buffered System Clock Output. Analog Voltage Output, Rch Analog Ground Analog Power +5V Analog Voltage Output, Lch Common Mode Voltage for Analog Output Amp, Lch Analog Ground, Lch Analog Power +5V, Lch External (analog) Gain Scaling Zero Data Flag NOTES: (1) Schmitt Trigger input. (2) CMOS logic level input. (3) Schmitt Trigger input with pull-up resister. (4) Schmitt Trigger input with pull-down resistor. PACKAGE/ORDERING INFORMATION PRODUCT PACKAGE PACKAGE DRAWING NUMBER(1) PCM1732U SO-28 217 –25°C to +70°C PCM1732U " " " " " SPECIFIED TEMPERATURE RANGE PACKAGE MARKING ORDERING NUMBER(2) TRANSPORT MEDIA PCM1732U PCM1732U/1K Rails Tape and Reel NOTES: (1) For detailed drawing and dimension table, please see end of data sheet, or Appendix C of Burr-Brown IC Data Book. (2) Models with a slash (/) are available only in Tape and Reel in the quantities indicated (e.g., /1K indicates 1000 devices per reel). Ordering 1000 pieces of “PCM1732U/1K” will get a single 1000-piece Tape and Reel. For detailed Tape and Reel mechanical information, refer to Appendix B of Burr-Brown IC Data Book. ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE SENSITIVITY This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Burr-Brown recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage. ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be more susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published specifications. ® PCM1732 4 TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES All specifications at +25°C, +VCC = +VDD = +5V, fS = 44.1kHz, and 24-bit input data, SYSCLK = 384fS, unless otherwise noted. –60dB AMPLITUDE vs FREQUENCY 16-Bit Data –60 –60 –70 –70 –80 –80 Amplitude (dB) Amplitude (dB) –60dB AMPLITUDE vs FREQUENCY 24-Bit Data –90 –100 –110 –100 –110 –120 –120 –130 –130 –140 –140 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0 2 4 12 14 16 –60dB AMPLITUDE vs FREQUENCY HDCD With Peak Extend –70 –70 –80 –80 –90 –100 –110 18 20 18 20 –90 –100 –110 –120 –120 –130 –130 –140 –140 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0 2 4 Frequency (kHz) 6 8 10 12 14 16 Frequency (kHz) THD+N vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE DYNAMIC RANGE vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE 108 –86 –88 fS = 44.1kHz, 24-Bit HDCD With Peak Extend THD+N at 0dB (dB) Dynamic Range (dB) 10 –60dB AMPLITUDE vs FREQUENCY HDCD Without Peak Extend –60 106 8 Frequency (kHz) –60 107 6 Frequency (kHz) Amplitude (dB) Amplitude (dB) –90 105 104 HDCD with Peak Extend 103 102 101 100 fS = 44.1kHz, 16-Bit 99 98 4.25 4.50 4.75 5.00 –90 –92 –94 fS = 44.1kHz, 16-Bit –96 98 fS = 44.1kHz, 24-Bit 100 5.25 5.50 –102 4.25 5.75 Power Supply Voltage (V) 4.50 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 Power Supply Voltage (V) ® 5 PCM1732 TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES DIGITAL FILTER DE-EMPHASIS ERROR (32kHz) 0.04 Level (dB) Level (dB) DE-EMPHASIS FREQUENCY RESPONSE (32kHz) 0 –2 –4 –6 –8 –10 0.02 0 –0.02 –0.04 0 6 4 2 8 10 12 0 14 4 2 Frequency (kHz) DE-EMPHASIS FREQUENCY RESPONSE (44.1kHz) 8 10 12 14 DE-EMPHASIS ERROR (44.1kHz) 0 –2 –4 –6 –8 –10 0.02 Level (dB) Level (dB) 6 Frequency (kHz) 0.01 0 –0.01 –0.02 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 20 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 20 22 Frequency (kHz) DE-EMPHASIS ERROR (48kHz) 0.02 Level (dB) Level (dB) DE-EMPHASIS FREQUENCY RESPONSE (48kHz) 0 –2 –4 –6 –8 –10 0.01 0 –0.01 –0.02 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 0 2 4 6 8 Frequency (kHz) 12 14 16 18 FREQUENCY RESPONSE (FSS High, 96kHz Filter) FREQUENCY RESPONSE (De-Emphasis Off, fS = 44.1kHz) 0 –20 –40 –40 –60 –60 Amplitude (dB) 0 –20 –80 –100 –120 –140 –80 –100 –120 –140 –160 –160 –180 –180 –200 –200 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 0 4.0 0.5 1.0 PASSBAND RIPPLE CHARACTERISTICS 0.003 0.002 0.001 0 –0.001 –0.002 –0.003 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 Frequency (x fS Hz) ® PCM1732 1.5 2.0 2.5 Frequency (x fS Hz) Frequency (x fS Hz) Amplitude (dB) Amplitude (dB) 10 Frequency (kHz) 6 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 SYSTEM CLOCK Typical input system clock frequencies to the PCM1732 are shown in Table I and external input clock timing requirements are shown in Figure 2. The system clock for PCM1732 must be either 256fS, 384fS, 512fS or 768fS, where fS is the audio sampling frequency (typically 32kHz, 44.1kHz, 48kHz, 88kHz, or 96kHz). A 768fS system clock is not supported for 88.2kHz and 96kHz sampling frequencies. tSCKH The system clock can be either a crystal oscillator placed between XTI (pin 5) and XTO (pin 6), or an external clock input to XTI. If an external system clock is used, XTO is open (floating). Figure 1 illustrates the typical system clock connections. H 70% of VDD L 30% of VDD XTI tSCKL System Clock Pulse Width HIGH: tSCKIH : 8ns (min) System Clock Pulse Width LOW: tSCKIL : 8ns (min) System Clock Duty: 40% to 60% PCM1732 has a system clock detection circuit which automatically senses if the system clock is operating at 256fS ~ 768fS. The system clock should be synchronized with the left/right clock (LRCIN, pin 1). LRCIN operates at the sampling frequency (fS). In the event these clocks are not synchronized, the PCM1732 can compensate for the phase difference internally. If the phase difference between leftright and system clocks is greater than 6-bit clocks (BCKIN), the synchronization is performed internally. While the synchronization is processing, the analog output is forced to a DC level at bipolar zero. The synchronization typically occurs in less than 1 cycle of LRCIN. FIGURE 2. XTI Clock Timing. DATA INTERFACE FORMATS Digital audio data is interfaced to the PCM1732 on pin 1 (LRCIN), pin 2 (DIN), and pin 3 (BCKIN). The PCM1732 can accept standard, I2S, and left-justified data formats. Figure 3 illustrates acceptable input data formats. Figure 4 shows required timing specifications for digital audio data. Reset External Clock Input System Clock (256/384/512/768fS) 4 CLKO 5 XTI 6 XTO PCM1732 has both an internal power-on reset circuit and a RST pin (pin 22), which accepts an external reset when RST = LOW. For internal power-on reset, initialization (reset) is done automatically at power-on when VDD > 2.2V (typical). During internal reset = LOW, the output of the DAC is invalid and the analog outputs are forced to VCC /2. Figure 5 illustrates the timing of the internal power-on reset. PCM1732 PCM1732 accepts an external forced reset when RST = LOW. When RST = LOW, the output of the DAC is invalid and the analog outputs are forced to VCC /2 after internal initialization (1024 system clocks count after RST = HIGH.) Figure 6 illustrates the timing of the RST pin. Crystal Resonator Oscillation System Clock Buffer Out 4 CLKO 5 XTI 6 XTO Buffer C1 C2 XTAL Zero Out (pin 21) Zero is an open drain output. If the input data is continuously zero for 65,536 cycles of BCKIN, an internal FET is switched to “ON” and the drain of the internal FET is switched to ground. The zero detect function is available in both software mode and hardware mode. PCM1732 C1 C2 : 10pF ~ 30pF FIGURE 1. System Clock Connection. SYSTEM CLOCK FREQUENCY (MHz) SAMPLING RATE FREQUENCY (fS) 256fS 384fS 512fS 768fS 32kHz 8.1920 12.2880 16.3840 24.5760 44.1kHz 11.2896 16.9340 22.5792 33.8688(1) 48kHz 12.2880 18.4320 24.5760 36.8640(1) 88.2kHz 22.5792 33.8688(1) 45.1584(1) — 96kHz 24.5760 36.8640(1) 49.1520(1) — NOTE: (1) The internal crystal oscillator frequency cannot be larger than 24.576MHz. TABLE I. Typical System Clock Frequencies. ® 7 PCM1732 1/fS L_ch R_ch LRCIN (pin 1) BCKIN (pin 3) (1) 16-Bit Right Justified DIN (pin 2) 14 15 16 1 2 MSB (2) 20-Bit Right Justified DIN (pin 2) 18 19 20 1 2 23 24 1 18 3 1 2 1 22 3 19 20 1 22 MSB 14 3 2 23 24 1 18 3 2 1 2 22 3 LSB MSB 23 24 LSB 22 3 19 20 LSB MSB 23 24 15 16 LSB MSB LSB 3 2 MSB LSB MSB (4) 24-Bit Left Justified DIN (pin 2) 2 15 16 LSB MSB (3) 24-Bit Right Justified DIN (pin 2) 14 3 23 24 LSB 1/fS L_ch LRCIN (pin 1) R_ch BCKIN (pin 3) (5) 16-Bit I2S DIN (pin 2) 1 2 14 3 MSB (6) 24-Bit I2S DIN (pin 2) 1 2 15 16 1 2 3 MSB LSB 22 3 MSB 23 24 1 LSB 2 14 15 16 3 MSB LRCIN 22 23 24 LSB 1.4V tBCL tLB BCKIN 1.4V tBL tBCY 1.4V DIN tDS tDH BCKIN Pulse Cycle Time : tBCY : 100ns (min) BCKIN Pulse Width HIGH : tBCH : 50ns (min) BCKIN Pulse Width LOW : tBCL : 50ns (min) BCKIN Rising Edge to LRCIN Edge : tBL : 30ns (min) LRCIN Edge to BCKIN Rising Edge : tLB : 30ns (min) DIN Set-up Time : tDS : 30ns (min) DIN Hold Time : tDH : 30ns (min) FIGURE 4. Audio Data Input Timing Specification. ® PCM1732 8 2 1 2 LSB FIGURE 3. Audio Data Input Formats. tBCH 1 VCC = VDD Reset Reset Removal Internal Reset 1024 system (= XTI) clocks XTI FIGURE 5. Internal Power-On Reset Timing. RST tRST(1) Reset Reset Removal Internal Reset 1024 system (XTI) clocks XTI NOTE: (1) tRST = 20ns min. FIGURE 6. External Reset Timing. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION Table III indicates which functions are selectable within the chosen mode. All of the functions shown are selectable within the Software mode, but only de-emphasis control, soft mute and input data format may be selected when using PCM1732 in the Hardware mode. The PCM1732 can be operated in two different modes: software or hardware mode. Software mode is a three-wire interface using pin 28 (ML), pin 27 (MC), and pin 26 (MD). PCM1732 can also be operated in hardware mode, where static control signals are used on pin 28 (ML), pin 27 (DEM), pin 26 (FSS) and pin 23 (IWO). SOFTWARE (Mode = H) HARDWARE (Mode = L) Input Data Format Selection O P Input Data Bit Selection O P Input LRCIN Polarity Selection O X Sampling Frequency Range O O FUNCTION The mode of operation (software or hardware) is selected by pin 24 (MODE), as shown in Table II. CONTROL MODE (Pin 24) SELECTION De-Emphasis Control O P H Software Mute O O L Hardware Attenuation O X Infinity Zero Mute Control O X TABLE II. Mode Control. DAC Operation Control O X Output Phase Selection O X CLKO Output Selection O X NOTE: O = selectable, X = not selectable, P = partially selectable. TABLE III. Mode Control, Selectable Functions. ® 9 PCM1732 SOFTWARE MODE (MODE = H) The PCM1732’s special functions in the Software mode are shown in Table VIII. These functions are controlled using a ML, MC, MD serial control signal. HARDWARE MODE (MODE = L) In Hardware mode, the following functions can be selected: De-Emphasis Control De-emphasis control can be selected by DEM (pin 26). DEM (Pin 26) FUNCTION Input Audio Data Format Selection Standard Format Left-Justified I2S Format DE-EMPHASIS L OFF H Mute OFF (Normal Operation) TABLE IV. De-Emphasis Control. DEFAULT MODE Standard Format Input Audio Data Bit Selection 16-Bit 20-Bit 24-Bit Sampling Rate Range Selection The sampling rate range must be selected by FSS (pin 26) as fS ≤ 52kHz or fS > 52kHz. 16-Bit Sampling Rate Range fS ≤ 52kHz fS > 52kHz fS ≤ 52kHz FSS (Pin 26) SAMPLE RATE L fS ≤ 52kHz Input LRCIN Polarity Selection Lch/Rch = HIGH/LOW Lch/Rch = LOW/HIGH H fS > 52kHz De-Emphasis Control OFF Soft Mute Control OFF TABLE V. Sampling Rate Range Select. Input Audio Data Format Input Data format can be selected by I2S (pin 28) and IW0 (pin 23). I2S (Pin 28) IWO (Pin 23) L L H H DATA FORMAT L H L H 16-Bit Data Word, Normal, Right-Justified 20-Bit Data Word, Normal, Right-Justified 16-Bit Data Word, I2S Format 24-Bit Data Word, I2S Format Mute ON Mute OFF (normal operation) Infinite Zero Mute Control Not Operated DAC Operation Control Operated Sampling Rate Selection for De-Emphasis Standard Frequency 44.1kHz 48kHz 32kHz 44.1kHz Bit 16 Output Phase Selection Not Inverted CLKO Output Selection Input Frequency PROGRAM REGISTER BIT MAPPING PCM1732’s special functions are controlled using four program registers which are 16 bits long. These registers are all loaded using MD. After the 16 data bits are clocked in, ML is used to latch in the data to the appropriate register. Figure 7 shows the complete mapping of the four registers and Figure 8 illustrates the serial interface timing. SOFT MUTE L 0dB, Individual TABLE VIII. Selectable Functions and Default. SOFT MUTE The Soft Mute function can be controlled by MUTE (pin 25). H Attenuation Control Lch, Rch Individually Lch, Rch Common HDCD Hidden Code Bit Location Bits 16, 20, 22, 24 TABLE VI. Data Format Control. MUTE (Pin 25) Lch/Rch = HIGH/LOW TABLE VII. Soft Mute Control. B15 B14 B13 B12 B11 B10 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 MODE0 res res res res res A1 A0 LDL AL7 AL6 AL5 AL4 AL3 AL2 AL1 AL0 MODE1 res res res res res A1 A0 LDR AR7 AR6 AR5 AR4 AR3 AR2 AR1 AR0 MODE2 res res res res res A1 A0 CB1 CB0 SCA FSS IW1 IW0 OPE DEM MUT MODE3 res res res res res A1 A0 IZD SF1 SF0 CK0 REV res ATC LRP I2S FIGURE 7. Mode Register Mapping. ML (pin 28) MC (pin 27) MD (pin 26) B15 B14 B13 B12 B11 B10 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 FIGURE 8. Three-Wire Serial Interface. ® PCM1732 10 tMLL tMHH 1.4V ML tMCH tMCL tMLS tMLH 1.4V MC tMCY LSB MD tMDS tMDH 1.4V tCSML tMLCS 1.4V CS MC Pulse Cycle Time : tMCY : 100ns (min) MC Pulse Width LOW : tMCL : 40ns (min) MC Pulse Width HIGH : tMCH : 40ns (min) MD Hold Time : tMDH : 40ns (min) MD Set-up Time : tMDS : 40ns (min) ML Low Level Time : tMLL : 40ns (min) + 1SYSCLK(1) (min) ML High Level Time : tMHH : 40ns (min) + 1SYSCLK(1) (min) ML Hold Time : tMLH : 40ns (min) ML Set-up Time : tMLS : 40ns (min) CS LOW to ML LOW Time(2) : tCSML : 10ns (min) ML HIGH to CS HIGH Time(2) : tMLCS : 10ns (min) NOTES: (1) System Clock Cycle. (2) CS should be changed during ML = HIGH. FIGURE 9. Program Register Input Timing. REGISTER 0 (A1 = 0, A0 = 0) REGISTER NAME BIT NAME Register 0 AL (7:0) LDL A (1:0) res DAC Attenuation Data for Lch Attenuation Data Load Control for Lch Register Address Reserved, set to LOW Register 1 AR (7:0) LDR A (1:0) res DAC Attenuation Data for Rch Attenuation Data Load Control for Rch Register Address Reserved, set to LOW MUT DEM OPE IW (1:0) FSS SCA C3 (1:0) A (1:0) res Left and Right DACs Soft Mute Control De-Emphasis Control Left and Right DACs Operation Control Input Audio Data Bit and Format Select Sampling Rate Range Select HDCD Grain Scaling Select HDCD Hidden Code Location Register Address Reserved, set to LOW I2S LRP ATC REV CKO SF (1:0) IZD A (1:0) res Audio Data Format Select Polarity of LRCIN Select Attenuator Control Output Phase Select CLKO Output Select Sampling Rate Select Internal Zero Detection Circuit Control Register Address Reserved, set to LOW Register 2 Register 3 DESCRIPTION B15 B14 B13 B12 B11 B10 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 res res res res res A1 A0 LDL AL7 AL6 AL5 AL4 AL3 AL2 AL1 AL0 Register 0 is used to set the attenuation data for the left output channel. When ATC = 1 (Bit B2 of Register MODE3 = 1), the left channel attenuation data AL[7:0] is used for both the left and right channel attenuators. When ATC = 0, (Bit B2 of Register MODE3 = 0), left channel attenuation data is taken from AL[7:0] of register MODE0, and right channel attenuation data is taken from AR[7:0] of register MODE1. AL[7:0] Left Channel Attenuator Data, where AL7 is the MSB and AL0 is the LSB. Attenuation Level is given by: ATTEN = 0.5 • (DATA – 255)dB For For For For TABLE IX. Register Functions. DATA DATA DATA DATA = = = = FFH, ATTEN = –0dB FEH, ATTEN = –0.5dB 01H, ATTEN = –127.5dB 00H, ATTEN = infinity = Mute ® 11 PCM1732 LDL Left Channel Attenuation Data Load Control. This bit is used to simultaneously set attenuation levels of both the Left and Right channels. MUT (B0) MUT = L MUT = H When LDL = 1, the Left channel output level is set by the data in AL[7:0]. The Right channel output level is set by the data in AL[7:0], or the most recently programmed data in bits AR[7:0] of register MODE1. Soft Mute OFF Soft Mute ON TABLE X. Soft Mute Control. DEM (B1) DEM = L DEM = H When LDL = 0, the Left channel output data remains at its previously programmed level. De-Emphasis OFF De-Emphasis ON TABLE XI. De-Emphasis Control. OPE (B2) REGISTER 1 (A1 = 0, A0 = 1) B15 B14 B13 B12 B11 B10 B9 B8 OPE = L OPE = H B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 TABLE XII. DAC Operation Control. res res res res res A1 A0 LDR AR7 AR6 AR5 AR4 AR3 AR2 AR1 AR0 Register 1 is used to set the attenuation data for the Right output channel. When OPE (B2) is HIGH, the output of the DAC will be forced to bipolar zero, irrespective of any input data. When ATC = 1 (Bit B2 of Register MODE3 = 1), the Left channel attenuation data AL[7:0] of register MODE0 is used for both the Left and Right channel attenuators. IW0(B3), IW1 (B4) and I2S (B0) of Register 3 Resisters IW0, IW1, and I2S determine the input data word and input data format as shown in Table XIII. When ATC = 0, (Bit B2 of Register MODE3 = 0), Left channel attenuation data is taken from AL[7:0] of register MODE0, and Right channel attenuation data is taken from AR[7:0] of register MODE1. AR[7:0] Right Channel Attenuator Data, where AR7 is the MSB and AR0 is the LSB. Attenuation Level is given by: ATTEN = 0.5 • (DATA – 255) dB For For For For LDR DATA DATA DATA DATA = = = = FFH, ATTEN = –0dB FEH, ATTEN = –0.5dB 01H, ATTEN = –127.5dB 00H, ATTEN = infinity = Mute IW0 I2S AUDIO INTERFACE L L H H L L H H L H L H L H L H L L L L H H H H 16-Bit Standard (Right-Justified) 20-Bit Standard (Right-Justified) 24-Bit Standard (Right-Justified) 24-Bit Left-Justified (MSB First) 16-Bit I2S 24-Bit I2S Reserved Reserved Sampling Rate Range is selected by the FSS (B5) register. When LDR = 1, the Right channel output level is set by the data in AR[7:0], or by the data in bits AL[7:0] of register MODE0. The Left channel output level is set to the most recently programmed data in bits AL[7:0] of register MODE0. FSS (B5) SAMPLING RATE RANGE FSS = L FSS = H Sampling Rate, fS ≤52kHz Sampling Rate, fS >52kHz TABLE XIV. Sampling Rate Range Select. HDCD gain scaling can be implemented internally with digital gain scaling (for normal CD and HDCD without peak extend), or externally with analog gain scaling (for HDCD with and without peak extend). When LDR = 0, the Right channel output data remains at its previously programmed level. Digital gain scaling is implemented by 6dB attenuation for normal CD and HDCD without peak extend, and also operated as 0dB attenuation for HDCD with peak extend. Detection for normal CD, HDCD without peak extend, and HDCD with peak extend is done automatically. REGISTER 2 (A1 = 1, A0 = 0) B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 IW1 TABLE XIII. Data Format Control. Right Channel Attenuation Data Load Control. This bit is used to simultaneously set attenuation levels of both the Left and Right channels. B15 B14 B13 B12 B11 B10 B9 B8 Normal Operation DAC Operation OFF B0 res res res res res A1 A0 CB1 CB0 SCA FSS IW1 IWO OPE DEM MUTE Register 2 is used to control soft mute, de-emphasis, operation enable, input resolution, and input audio data bit and format. SCA (B6) GAIN SCALING SCA = L SCA = H Digital Gain Scaling Analog Gain Scaling TABLE XV. Gain Scaling Select. ® PCM1732 12 These bits define the location of the bit in which the PCM1732 looks for HDCD hidden code, which is inserted into the Least Significant Bit (LSB) of the audio data. Bits 6 (SF0) and 7 (SF1) are used to select the sampling frequency for de-emphasis. In the case of HDCD encoded data, the HDCD hidden code is located in the Least Significant Bit (LSB) of 16-bit audio data. It is not necessary to change the location of this hidden code as default. In the case of 20-bit or 24-bit data word with HDCD encoded input signal, this HDCD hidden code bit location must be changed to LSB of the 20- or 24-bit word to detect HDCD encoded signal. The word length is selected by the CB0 and CB1 bits. CB1 (B8) CB0 (B7) HDCD HIDDEN CODE BIT LOCATION L L H H L H L H 16th Data (default for CD) 20th Data Reserved 24th Data SF1 SF0 DE-EMPHASIS SAMPLING RATE L L H H L H L H Reserved 48kHz 44.1kHz 32kHz TABLE XVIII. De-Emphasis Sampling Rate Selection. CKO (B5) is output frequency control at CLKO pin, can be selected as buffer (1/1) or half rate of input frequency (1/2). CKO (B5) CLOCK OUTPUT RATE CKO = L Buffer Out of XTI Clock CKO = H Half (1/2) Frequency Out of XTI Clock TABLE XIX. Clock Output Rate Selection. REV (B4) is output analog signal phase control. TABLE XVI. Word Length Selection for Hidden Code Bit. REV (B4) REGISTER 3 (A1 = 1, A0 = 1) B15 B14 B13 B12 B11 B10 B9 B8 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 res res res res res A1 A0 IZD SF1 SF0 CKO REV res ATC LRP I2S When IZD is LOW, the zero detect circuit is off. Under this condition, no automatic muting will occur if the input is continuously zero. When IZD is HIGH, the zero detect feature is enabled. If the input data is continuously zero for 65,536 cycles of BCKIN, the output will be immediately forced to a bipolar zero state (VCC / 2). The zero detection feature is used to avoid noise which may occur when the input is DC. When the output is forced to bipolar zero, there may be an audible click. PCM1732 allows the zero detect feature to be disabled so the user can implement an external muting circuit. IZD = L IZD = H Zero Detect Mute OFF Zero Detect Mute ON Inverted Output ATC (B2) is used as an attenuation control. When bit 3 is set HIGH, the attenuation data on Register 0 is used for both channels, and the data in Register 1 is ignored. When bit 3 is LOW, each channel has separate attenuation data. Bit 8 is used to control the Infinite Zero Detection (IZD) function. ZERO MUTE Normal Output REV = H TABLE XX. Output Phase Inversion Control. B0 Register 3 is used to control input data format and polarity, attenuation channel control, system clock frequency, sampling frequency, infinite zero detection, output phase, CLKO output, and slow roll-off. IZD (B8) DAC OUTPUT PHASE REV = L ATC (B2) ATTENUATION CONTROL ATC = L Individual Channel ATT Control ATC = H Common ATT Control TABLE XXI. Attenuation Control Bit. Bit 0 (I2S)is used to control the input data format. A LOW on bit 0 sets the format to MSB-first, right-justified standard format) and a HIGH sets the format to I 2S (Philips serial data protocol). Bit 1 (LRP) is used to select the polarity of LRCIN (left/right clock). When bit 1 is LOW, left channel data is assumed when LRCIN is in a HIGH phase, and right channel data is assumed when LRCIN is in a LOW phase. When bit 1 is HIGH, the polarity assumption is reversed. LRP applies only to standard and left-justified data formats. LRP (B1) TABLE XVII. Zero Mute Control. LRCIN POLARITY LRP = L L R H/Lch LRP = H L R L/Lch TABLE XXII. LRCIN Polarity. ® 13 PCM1732 THEORY OF OPERATION The delta-sigma DAC portion of the PCM1732 is based on an 8-level amplitude quantizer and a 4th-order noise shaper, which converts the oversampled input data to an 8-level delta-sigma format. several advantages over the typical one-bit (2 level) deltasigma modulator. These advantages include improved quantization noise performance, low out-of-band noise, low idle channel tones, and improved jitter performance. This newly developed “enhanced multi-level delta-sigma” architecture achieves high-grade audio dynamic performance and sound quality. The theoretical quantization noise performance of an 8-level delta-sigma modulator is shown in Figure 11 and a simulated clock jitter sensitivity plot is shown in Figure 12. A block diagram of the 8-level delta-sigma modulator is shown in Figure 10. This 8-level delta-sigma modulator has – + + Z–1 Z–1 + Z–1 + + Z–1 + 8-Level Quantizer 0 125 –20 120 –40 115 Dynamic Range (dB) Amplitude (dB) FIGURE 10. 8-Level Delta-Sigma Modulator. –60 –80 –100 –120 110 105 100 95 –140 90 –160 85 80 –180 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 8 200 FIGURE 12. Jitter Sensitivity. FIGURE 11. Quantization Noise Spectrum. ® PCM1732 100 300 400 Input Clock Jitter (ps) Frequency (fS) 14 500 600 APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS OUTPUT FILTERING For testing purposes, all dynamic tests are performed on the PCM1732 using a 20kHz low-pass filter. This filter limits the measured bandwidth for THD+N, etc. to 20kHz. Failure to use such a filter will result in higher THD+N and lower SNR and dynamic range readings than listed in the Specifications Table. The low-pass filter removes out-of-band noise. Although it is not audible, it may affect dynamic performance specifications. TYPES OF CD SOURCE MATERIAL There are two types of HDCD recordings: HDCD encoded data “with peak extend” and “without peak extend.” Most HDCD recordings are encoded using peak extension which gives them more “headroom” than standard CD and HDCD disks without peak extend. The performance of the internal low pass filter from DC to 40kHz is shown in Figure 13. The higher frequency roll-off of the filter is shown in Figure 14. If the user’s application has the PCM1732 driving a wideband amplifier, it is recommended to use an external low-pass filter. PCM1732 automatically detects these various types of source materials, indicates HDCD encoded source material by the HDCD encoded data detect (pin 9), and indicates a peak extended source by the GAIN (pin 20). Table XXII shows the relationship between various types of CD source material and their corresponding reference levels. CD SOURCE MATERIAL HDCD PIN GAIN PIN REFERENCE LEVEL L H H L L H 0dB 0dB –6dB Standard CD HDCD Without Peak Extend HDCD With Peak Extend 1 0.5 Level (dB) TABLE XXIII. CD Source Material and Reference Levels. In order to ensure that the average system output level of HDCD recordings (with peak extend) match that of standard CD and HDCD (without peak extend), analog or digital gain scaling is implemented. 0 –0.5 –1 DIGITAL GAIN SCALING 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k Frequency (Hz) Digital gain scaling is automatically performed in the digital attenuation section by detecting HDCD material encoded with peak extend and reducing the gain of standard CD and HDCD encoded without peak extend by 6dB. FIGURE 13. Low-Pass Filter Response. Digital gain scaling produces a 6dB reduciton in dynamic range, but does not require additional analog gain scaling circutry. 20 Gain scaling is controlled by the SCA bit in Register 2. Setting SCA = 0 enables digital gain scaling. Setting SCA = 1 enables analog gain scaling. The reset default is SCA = 0, digital gain scaling. Level (dB) 0 ANALOG GAIN SCALING –20 –40 –60 Analog gain scaling (SCA = 1) is implemented by an external switched analog gain circuit which is controlled by the GAIN pin (pin 20). This switched analog gain circuit provides +6dB of gain for HDCD disks with peak extend 0dB of gain for standard CD and HDCD disks without peak extend. Since HDCD recording with peak extend may have peaks similiar to standard CD recordings, the analog gain circuits must provide enough headroom for these higher signal levels when operating with +6dB of gain. –80 –100 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M Frequency (Hz) FIGURE 14. Low-Pass Filter Response. ® 15 PCM1732 POWER SUPPLY CONNECTIONS POWER SUPPLY BYPASSING The power supplies should be bypassed as close as possible to the device. Refer to Figure 15 for optimal values of bypass capacitors. PCM1732 has four power supply pins for digital (VDD), and analog (VCC). Each connection also has a separate ground. If the power supplies turn on at different times, there is a possibility of a latch-up condition. To avoid this condition, it is recommended to have a common connection between the digital and analog power supplies. If separate supplies are used without a common connection, the delta between the two supplies during ramp-up time must be less than 0.1V. PCM1732U PCM Audio Interface C1 15pF XTAL +VDD DGND C2 15pF C2 + HDCD Indicator C4 Rch Audio Out Post LPF + + C7 10µF 1 LRCIN ML/I2S 28 2 DIN MC/DEM 27 3 BCKIN MD/FSS 26 4 CLKO MUTE 25 5 XTI 6 XTO 7 DGND 8 VDD 9 MODE 24 CS/IWO 23 RST 22 ZERO 21 HDCD GAIN 20 10 VCC2R VCC2L 19 11 AGND2R AGND2L 18 12 EXTR EXTL 17 13 VOUTR VOUTL 16 VCC1 15 14 AGND1 Mode Control Gain Control (Analog Scaling) + + C6 C8 10µF Post LPF + C5 +5V C4, C5, C6 : 10µF Alum Elec or Tant || 0.1µF ceramic capacitors. FIGURE 15. Typical Circuit Connection Diagram. ® PCM1732 16 Lch Audio Out 17 PCM1732 ® + C302 10µF/16V Q301 DTC143ESA + R302 5.6kΩ VCC R301 5.6kΩ C304 2700pF R306 3.9kΩ C303 2700pF R305 3.9kΩ FIGURE 16. Low-Pass Filter and Amplifier (relay switched). VOUTRRY GAIN VOUTLRY C301 10µF/16V 3 2 3 2 1 4 1/2 OPA2134 C306 330pF R304 12kΩ U302 1 (optional) D301 1SS133 U301 1/2 OPA2134 8 C305 330pF R303 12kΩ 2 9 (optional) + + 1 10 – 3 8 4 7 R310 2kΩ R309 2kΩ 5 6 RY301 G6H-2 R308 2kΩ R307 2kΩ 5 6 R312 2kΩ C308 100pF 7 7 U301 U302 4 1/2 OPA2134 1/2 OPA2134 5 6 R311 2kΩ C307 100pF C312 + 10µF/16V C311 + 10µF/16V C310 + 10µF/16V C309 + 10µF/16V CN302 RCA pj –AVCC (optional) (optional) +AVCC CN301 RCA pj AVCC– (optional) (optional) AVCC+ ® PCM1732 18 Q205 DTC144ESA AVCC+ Q202 2SC2878 Q204 DTA144ESA Q203 DTA144ESA Q201 2SC2878 FIGURE 17. Low-Pass Filter and Amplifier (transistor swtiched). VOUTR-TR GAIN VOUTL-TR R210 10kΩ R203 6.8kΩ R210 10kΩ R212 10kΩ R211 10kΩ R209 10kΩ R202 6.8kΩ R201 6.8kΩ + C202 47µF/6.3V + C201 47µF/6.3V C204 3900pF R208 1kΩ C203 3900pF R207 1kΩ 5 6 3 2 7 U201 1/2 OPA2134 8 1 U201 C206 330pF R206 13kΩ 4 1/2 OPA2134 C205 330pF R205 13kΩ R214 100Ω AVCC– C208 + 10µF/16V C207 + 10µF/16V AVCC+ R213100Ω CN202 RCA pj CN201 RCA pj This datasheet has been downloaded from: www.DatasheetCatalog.com Datasheets for electronic components.
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