EpifanesCD

EpifanesCD
TECHNICAL MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter One: Varnishes and Clear Finishes
Chapter Two: Paints
Chapter Three: Primers
Chapter Four: Brushes and Accessories
Chapter Five: Technical Advice
Chapter Six: Q&A
Chapter Seven: Price Lists
CHAPTER ONE
VARNISH & CLEAR FINISHES
20 Pages
EPIFANES CLEAR GLOSS VARNISH
Faster build-up, longest lasting!
Type
Traditional marine varnish, based on tung oil, phenolic-modified alkyd resins and
maximum U.V. absorbers.
Color
Clear Amber
Gloss
Ultra high gloss
Recommended use
For long lasting protection of all marine or household woods. Interior and
exterior wood above the waterline. Maintenance of existing, intact, one and twocomponent varnish systems. Anywhere a deep high gloss finish is desired.
Film characteristics
Superior flow, gloss and durability. Excellent flexibility and water resistance in
all climatic conditions. High build capability. Renowned for its high gloss
retention and weather durability. This varnish lasts! Even in tropical climates!
Container Size
250 ml., 500 ml., 1000 ml., 5000 ml.,
Density
0.92 kg./liter
Solids Content
55 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 50 micron
Per coat dry - 30 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 3 hours
Dry - 12 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 20% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 18 - 22 seconds Din Cup 4, 14 - 18 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm. - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Additives
Epifanes Accelerator, Epifanes Retarder
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid varnishing in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents. Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish is compatible with most other types of
one-component alkyd or urethane based varnishes and over two-component
varnishes. Any existing finish must be intact, degreased and sanded prior to
recoating.
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
One-component clear varnish system
on wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Bare wood must be clean, dry and free of grease etc. Degrease with Epifanes Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol. Wiping down with mineral or white
spirits, may leave an oily residue. Do not use water. Sand the bare wood to a fresh surface with 60 - 80 grit dry abrasive paper with the grain of the wood. A block may be used
to assist in fairing the surface. Finish sand with 100 - 120 grit dry abrasive paper. If desired, stain the wood at this time with a good quality oil or water based stain. Do not
color the varnish itself as this will create a muddy appearance. Brush application with a good quality, clean, natural bristle brush will give good results. Try an Epifanes brush
for the ultimate varnishing experience. Foam brushes are convenient on smaller projects however, are not suitable for larger jobs. "Roll and tip" is a great method for large flat
areas. 3" foam roller followed by a bristle brush is the best combination.
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
in hours
Abrasive
paper grit
Abrasive
paper type
First
Epifanes
Clear Gloss
Brush Thinner
For P&V
50
24 at 65F.
220
Dry
Second
Epifanes
Clear Gloss
Brush Thinner
For P&V
25
24 at 65F.
280
Dry
Third
Epifanes
Clear Gloss
Brush Thinner
For P&V
15
24 at 65F.
320
Dry
At least
4 more
Epifanes
Clear Gloss
Brush Thinner
For P&V
0-5
24 at 65F.
320-400
Wet or Dry
Approx.
coverage /
Remarks
150 - 300 sq. Do not sand
feet
through the
stain
150 - 250 sq.
feet
Sand by
hand.
150 - 200 sq.
Machines
feet
can be too
aggressive.
150 sq.
feet
Maintenance:
If existing coats of varnish are intact, one or more coats may be applied on a well cleaned, degreased and lightly sanded surface. For annual maintenance, apply a minimum of
one or two coats of Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish, following surface preparation instruction. The number of maintenance coats needed depends on the condition of the varnish
system. Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish may also be applied on any well cleaned, degreased and sanded two-component varnish. The weather and atmospheric conditions to
which the finish is subjected will determine the amount of time between coats. An existing varnish system in poor condition must be removed. Weathered spots may be treated
with a cleaning or bleaching product. If either are used, wash down the surface thoroughly with fresh water in order to remove any residue. Allow the surface to dry. Smaller
spots needing repair may be filled with several coats of varnish. When an equal level has been achieved, sand to a smooth surface and apply one or more coats of varnish on
the entire surface.
EPIFANES RAPIDCLEAR
Quick and Easy Wood Protection!
Type
Color
Gloss
Recommended use
Traditional
One-component
marine
clear
varnish,
wood finish
based based
on tung
on oil,
modified
phenolic-modified
alkyd/urethanealkyd
resinresins
.
and
U.V.maximum
protecting.
U.V.
Epifanes
absorbers.
Rapidclear, providing excellent protection in all
climates, is the answer for a quick and easy alternative to conventional varnish.
Interior and exterior wood above the waterline. Maintenance of existing, well
adhering
Clear
one and two part varnish systems.
Excellent
Semi glossdurability and U.V. protection in all climatic conditions. High film
build capacity and unique flow characteristics.
For long term protection and enhancement of all marine and household woods.
Interior and exterior wood above the waterline. Epifanes Rapidclear can be used
250
for renewing
ml., 500 ml.,
weathered
1000 ml.,
areas
5000
prior
ml.,
to a varnish system or as a full system for
those requiring a quick and easy semi-gloss finish with maximum durability, UV
Ultra
protection
high gloss
and longevity.
Characteristics
0.92
Epifanes Rapidclear provides an enhancing, U.V. protecting film. It bonds
extremely well to teak and other oily woods, preventing discoloration and
55
emphasizes
+/- 2 vol.the
% natural grain of the wood. NO SANDING BETWEEN COATS,
excellent water resistance and flexibility. Rapidclear can be applied every 5-6
Per
hours.
coatFour
wet to
50five
micron
coats are sufficient under most conditions. Easy touch up and
Per
maintenance.
coat dry 30 micron
Container Size
Can
also be applied by conventional air spray. Thin up to 20% with Epifanes
750 ml.
Spray Thinner for Paint & Varnish.
.889 kg/liter (mixed)
Tack free 3 hours
Tape free 24 hours
Hard
12(mixed)
hours
Recoatable 24 hours
40 +/-dry
2 vol.%
Density
Solids Content
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Temperature
Per coat wet - between
70 micron10C and 30C during application and drying. Air
humidity
below
Avoid varnishing in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss
Per coat dry
- 2585%.
micron
of solvents will occur under these conditions and decrease the flowing ability.
Add
thinner
to the specified
percentage
to compensate
for the faster release
Brush,
roller,up
conventional
air spray,
H.V.L.P.,
airless.
of solvents. Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish can be used over most types of other
one-component
alkyd or urethaneTape
basedfree
varnish
and over properly sanded twoTack free - 3 hours
– 5 hours
component
varnishes.
Dry - 4 hours
Recoatable - 5-6 hours
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid application in too much wind or sun.
Recommended film
thickness
Application
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
One-component Rapidclear system
on wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Bare wood must be clean, dry and free of grease etc. Degrease with Epifanes Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol. Wiping down with mineral or white
spirits, may leave an oily residue. Do not use water. Sand the bare wood to a fresh surface with 60 - 80 grit dry abrasive paper with the grain of the wood. A block may be used
to assist in fairing the surface. Finish sand with 100 - 120 grit dry abrasive paper. Brush application with a good quality, clean, natural bristle brush will give good results. Try
an Epifanes brush for the ultimate varnishing experience. Foam brushes are convenient on smaller projects however, are not suitable for larger jobs. "Roll and tip" is a great
method for large flat areas. 3" foam roller followed by a bristle brush is the best combination.
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
in hours
Abrasive
paper grit
Abrasive
paper type
Approx.
coverage /
First
Epifanes
Rapidclear
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
Second
Epifanes
Rapidclear
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
Third
Epifanes
Rapidclear
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
Fourth
& Fifth
Epifanes
Rapidclear
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
Remarks
Maintenance:
If existing coats of Rapidclear are intact, one or more coats may be applied on a well cleaned, and degreased surface. For annual maintenance, apply a minimum of one or two
coats of Epifanes Rapidclear. The number of maintenance coats needed depends on the condition of the Rapidclear system. The weather and atmospheric conditions to which
the finish is subjected will determine the amount of time between maintenance coats. Bare or weathered areas may be treated with a cleaning or bleaching product. If either are
used, wash down the surface thoroughly with fresh water in order to remove any residue. Allow the surface to dry. Sand and apply three coats of Rapidclear as per instructions.
EPIFANES RAPIDCOAT
Quick and Easy Wood Protection!
Type
Traditional
One-component
marine
wood
varnish,
finishbased
basedonontung
modified
oil, phenolic-modified
alkyd/urethane resin
alkydcombined
resins
and
withmaximum
colorfast pigments.
U.V. absorbers.
UV protecting.
Color
Interior
Lightly tinted.
and exterior
Retainswood
traditional
above color
the waterline.
of wood. Maintenance of existing, well
adhering one and two part varnish systems.
Semi gloss
Excellent durability and U.V. protection in all climatic conditions. High film
build
For long
capacity
term and
protection
unique and
flowenhancement
characteristics.
of all marine and household woods.
Interior and exterior wood above the waterline. Rapidcoat can be used for
renewing weathered areas, as a stain prior to a varnish system or as a full system
250
for ml.,
those500
requiring
ml., 1000the
ml.,absolute
5000 ml.,
best in a quick and easy satin finish with
maximum durability, U.V. protection and longevity
Ultra high gloss
Epifanes Rapidcoat provides a lightly tinted, U.V. protecting finish. Great
0.92
breathing properties, good flexibility. It bonds extremely well to teak and any
other oily wood, preventing discoloration and emphasizing the natural grain of
55
2 vol.
%
the+/wood.
Rapidcoat
can be applied every 5-6 hours. Three coats is sufficient for
most conditions. No sanding required. Easy touch up and maintenance.
Per coat wet 50 micron
Per
750coat
ml. dry 30 micron
Gloss
Recommended use
Characteristics
Container Size
Density
Solids Content
Recommended film
thickness
Application
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Application
conditions
Can
be applied
.889 also
kg/liter
(mixed) by conventional air spray. Thin up to 20% with Epifanes
Spray Thinner for Paint & Varnish.
40 +/- 2 vol.% (mixed)
Tack free 3 hours
Tape free 24 hours
Hard
drywet -1270hours
Recoatable 24 hours
Per coat
micron
Per coat dry - 25 micron
Temperature between 10C and 30C during application and drying. Air
humidity
below
85%. Avoid
in too much
Brush, roller,
conventional
airvarnishing
spray, H.V.L.P.,
airless.wind or sun. A rapid loss
of solvents will occur under these conditions and decrease the flowing ability.
Add
to the specified percentage
for the faster release
Tackthinner
free - 3up
hours
Tape free to
– 5compensate
hours
of
solvents.
Epifanes Clear Gloss Recoatable
Varnish can- be
Dry
- 4 hours
5-6used
hoursover most types of other
one-component alkyd or urethane based varnish and over properly sanded twocomponent
Temperaturevarnishes.
should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid application in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
One-component Rapidcoat system
on wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Bare wood must be clean, dry and free of grease etc. Degrease with Epifanes Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol. Wiping down with mineral or white
spirits, may leave an oily residue. Do not use water. Sand the bare wood to a fresh surface with 60 - 80 grit dry abrasive paper with the grain of the wood. A block may be used
to assist in fairing the surface. Finish sand with 100 - 120 grit dry abrasive paper. Brush application with a good quality, clean, natural bristle brush will give good results. Try
an Epifanes brush for the ultimate varnishing experience. Foam brushes are convenient on smaller projects however, are not suitable for larger jobs. "Roll and tip" is a great
method for large flat areas. 3" foam roller followed by a bristle brush is the best combination.
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
in hours
Abrasive
paper grit
Abrasive
paper type
Approx.
coverage /
Remarks
First
Epifanes
Rapidcoat
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
Second
Epifanes
Rapidcoat
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
Third
Epifanes
Rapidcoat
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
Fourth
(optional)
Epifanes
Rapidcoat
N/A
N/A
5-6 at 65F.
N/A
N/A
150 sq.
feet
If using as a
stain prior
to varnish,
apply, leave
for a few
minutes and
rub out with
a clean rag.
Maintenance:
If existing coats of Rapidcoat are intact, one or more coats may be applied on a well cleaned, and degreased surface. For annual maintenance, apply a minimum of one or two
coats of Epifanes Rapidcoat. The number of maintenance coats needed depends on the condition of the Rapidcoat system. The weather and atmospheric conditions to which
the finish is subjected will determine the amount of time between maintenance coats. Bare or weathered areas may be treated with a cleaning or bleaching product. If either are
used, wash down the surface thoroughly with fresh water in order to remove any residue. Allow the surface to dry. Sand and apply three coats of Rapidcoat as per instructions.
EPIFANES WOOD FINISH GLOSS
The ultimate in a varnish alternative without the sanding!
Type
One-component varnish alternative based on phenolic-modified alkyd resins and
tung oil with microscopic porosity properties.
Color
Opaque in the can. Dries clear amber.
Gloss
Ultra high gloss
Recommended use
Specifically formulated for oily woods like teak and iroco. For long lasting
protection of all marine or household woods. Interior and exterior wood above
the waterline.
Film characteristics
Superior flow, gloss and durability. Excellent flexibility and water resistance in
all climatic conditions. High build capability. Offers excellent adhesion to oily
woods, especially teak. If recoated within 72 hours, does not require sanding.
Container Size
500 ml., 1000 ml.
Density
0.92 kg./liter
Solids Content
50 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 50 micron
Per coat dry - 30 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 2 hours
Dry - 24 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 18 - 22 seconds Din Cup 4, 14 - 18 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm. - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Additives
Epifanes Accelerator, Epifanes Retarder
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid varnishing in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents. Epifanes Wood Finish Gloss is compatible with most other types of
one-component alkyd or urethane based varnishes and over two-component
varnishes. Any existing finish must be intact, degreased and sanded prior to
recoating.
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
One-component varnish alternative on teak
and oily or non-oily wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Oily resinous tropical wood like teak, contains substances that may cause problems during and after finishing. i.e. slow drying or poor adhesion. These problems may be
overcome by thorough and correct preparation and by the correct use of this product. Ensure that the wood is dry. Degrease the wood thoroughly with Epifanes Spray Thinner
For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol. Do not use water. Sand the bare wood to a fresh surface with 60 - 80 grit dry abrasive paper with the grain of the wood. A block may
be used to assist in fairing the surface. Finish sand with 100 - 120 grit dry abrasive paper. For oily woods, finish sand to 220 grit dry abrasive paper. Brush application with a
good quality, clean, natural bristle brush will give good results. Try an Epifanes brush for the ultimate varnishing experience.
System on oily and resinous woods (i.e. teak)
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
Abrasive
if desired
Abrasive
Cvge./liter
Remarks
First
Epifanes WFG
Thinner P&V
25
24 at 65F.
320
Dry
130 sq. feet
4 more
Epifanes WFG
Thinner P&V
0-5
24 at 65F.
400
Wet or dry
130 sq. feet
Next coat
within 72
hours does not
need sanding.
System on non-oily and non-resinous woods
First
Epifanes WFG
Thinner P&V
50
24 at 65F.
220
Dry
200-250 sq. ft.
Second
Epifanes WFG
Thinner P&V
25
24 at 65F.
280
Dry
160-200 sq. ft.
Third
Epifanes WFG
Thinner P&V
15
24 at 65F.
280
Wet or Dry
130-160 sq. ft.
At least 4 more
Epifanes WFG
Thinner P&V
0-5
24 at 65F.
400
Wet or Dry
130 sq. ft.
Next coat
within 72
hours does not
need sanding.
Maintenance:
If the existing coats of Wood Finish gloss are intact and only a degrease of gloss is noticed, one or more coats may be applied on a well cleaned, degreased and sanded surface.
Prepare the surface with 320 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. For the annual maintenance of Wood Finish Gloss over non-oily woods, apply a minimum of one or two coats, on a
well cleaned, degreased and sanded surface.
EPIFANES WOOD FINISH MATTE
Exterior protection in a matte finish!
Type
One-component varnish alternative based on urethane alkyd resins and tung oil.
Color
Opaque in the can. Dries clear amber.
Gloss
Matte (Some sheen)
Recommended use
Specifically formulated for oily woods like teak and iroco. For long lasting
protection of all marine or household woods. Interior and exterior wood above
the waterline. Best used over a build-up of Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish,
Epifanes Woodfinish Gloss or well cured Epifanes Polyurethane Clear Gloss.
Film characteristics
Rich matte finish. Hand rubbed appearance. Superior flow and durability. Good
scratch and exterior weather resistance. Contains U.V. absorber. If recoated
within 72 hours, does not require sanding.
Container Size
500 ml., 1000 ml.
Density
0.95 kg./liter
Solids Content
40 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 60 micron
Per coat dry - 25 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hour
Dry - 12 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 20 - 24 seconds Din Cup 4, 16 - 20 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm. - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Additives
Epifanes Accelerator, Epifanes Retarder
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid varnishing in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents. Epifanes Wood Finish Matte is compatible with most other types of
one-component alkyd or urethane based varnishes and over two-component
varnishes. Any existing finish must be intact, degreased and sanded prior to
recoating. Always stir Woodfinish Matte prior to use.
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 12 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights
which vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
One-component matte varnish alternative on teak
and oily or non-oily wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Fill the bare wood to a smooth surface with Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish, Epifanes Wood Finish Gloss or Epifanes Polyurethane Clear Gloss. Approx. 3 - 4 coats. These
sealer coats provide maximum durability and U.V. protection (see leaflet on Clear Gloss Varnish, Wood Finish Gloss or Polyurethane Clear Gloss for application instructions).
A build up of gloss also produces a finish with more depth and clarity. After build up, degrease with Epifanes Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol and
sand coat with 320 or 400 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. Brush application with a good quality, clean, natural bristle brush will give good results. Try an Epifanes brush for the
ultimate varnishing experience. Foam brushes are convenient on smaller projects however, are not suitable for larger jobs. "Roll and tip" is a great method for large flat areas.
3" foam roller followed by a bristle brush is the best combination.
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
in hours
Abrasive
paper grit
Abrasive
paper type
Approx.
coverage /
Remarks
First
Epifanes
Woodfinish
Matte
Brush
Thinner
For P & V
0-5
12 at 65F.
320 - 400
Wet or Dry
140 sq.
feet
Always stir
Epifanes
Woodfinish
Matte
Brush
Thinner
For P & V
0-5
Second
12 at 65F.
400
Wet or Dry
140 sq.
feet
If recoated
within 72
hours
sanding is
not
required.
Maintenance:
If existing coats of varnish are intact, one or more coats of Epifanes Woodfinish Matte may be applied on a well cleaned, degreased and lightly sanded surface. An existing
varnish system in poor condition must be removed. Weathered spots may be treated with a cleaning or bleaching product. If either are used, wash down the surface thoroughly
with fresh water in order to remove any residue. Allow the surface to dry. Smaller spots needing repair may be filled with several coats of Woodfinish Gloss or Clear Gloss
Varnish. When an equal level has been achieved, sand to a smooth surface and apply one or more coats of Woodfinish Matte on the entire surface.
EPIFANES RUBBED EFFECT
INTERIOR VARNISH
Rich, satin luster!
Type
One-component interior varnish based on urethane alkyd resins.
Color
Clear Amber, slightly opaque. Dries clear.
Gloss
Rich satin sheen.
Recommended use
Satin finishing coat for interior woodwork. Applied over several build up coats
of Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish, Epifanes Wood Finish Gloss or Epifanes
Polyurethane Clear Gloss, provides maximum durability, clarity and depth.
Household or marine. Softwood or hardwood. Cabin interior, cabin sole. Doors
and trim.
Film characteristics
Container Size
Hard satin finish. Good scratch and scuff
onboard chemicals. Easy to apply.
resistance. Impervious to most
500 ml., 1000 ml.
Density
0.95 kg./liter
Solids Content
40 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 60 micron
Per coat dry - 25 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Spray Application
Additives
Application
conditions
Tack free -1 hour
Dry - 12 hours
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 12 hours
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 20 - 24 seconds Din Cup 4. 16 - 20 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Epifanes Accelerator, Epifanes Retarder
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid varnishing in too much wind or sun. Any existing finish must
be intact, degreased and sanded prior to recoating. Before applying each coat,
degrease the surface with Epifanes Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or
denatured alcohol. Use a tack cloth to remove dust particles prior to application.
Always stir Epifanes Rubbed Effect Interior Varnish before using. Failure to
do so may result in an uneven or blotchy finish. Some settling of the formulation
may occur upon long standing.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
One-component interior satin varnish system
on wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Fill the bare wood to a smooth surface with Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish, Epifanes Wood Finish Gloss or Epifanes Polyurethane Clear Gloss. Approx. 3 - 4 coats. These
sealer coats provide maximum durability and U.V. protection (see leaflet on Clear Gloss Varnish, Wood Finish Gloss or Polyurethane Clear Gloss for application instructions).
A build up of gloss also produces a finish with more depth and clarity. After build up, degrease with Epifanes Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol and
sand coat with 320 or 400 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. Brush application with a good quality, clean, natural bristle brush will give good results. Try an Epifanes brush for the
ultimate varnishing experience. Foam brushes are convenient on smaller projects however, are not suitable for larger jobs. "Roll and tip" is a great method for large flat areas.
3" foam roller followed by a bristle brush is the best combination.
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
in hours
Abrasive
paper grit
Abrasive
paper type
Approx.
coverage /
Remarks
First
Rubbed
Effect Interior
Varnish
Brush
Thinner
For P & V
0-5
12 at 65F.
320 - 400
Wet or Dry
140 sq.
feet
Always stir
Second
Rubbed
Effect Interior
Varnish
Brush
Thinner
For P & V
0-5
12 at 65F.
320 - 400
Wet or Dry
140 sq.
feet
Always stir
Maintenance:
If existing coats of varnish are intact, one or more coats of Epifanes Rubbed Effect Interior Varnish may be applied on a well cleaned, degreased and lightly sanded surface.
An existing varnish system in poor condition must be removed. Weathered spots may be treated with a cleaning or bleaching product. If either are used, wash down the surface
thoroughly with fresh water in order to remove any residue. Allow the surface to dry. Smaller spots needing repair may be filled with several coats of varnish. When an equal
level has been achieved, sand to a smooth surface and apply one or more coats of Rubbed Effect Varnish on the entire surface.
EPIFANES POLYURETHANE CLEAR GLOSS
The ultimate in hardness!
Type
Two-component clear finish based on unsaturated polyesters.
Color
Water clear
Gloss
Ultra high gloss
Recommended use
For long lasting protection of all marine or household woods. Interior and
exterior wood above the waterline. Due to the hard nature of this finish, Epifanes
Polyurethane Clear Gloss is ideally suited for plywoods and coating epoxy resins.
Perfect for saloon tables and cabin soles.
Film characteristics
Superior flow, gloss and durability. High U.V. protection and resistance to
abrasion, weathering, chemicals and loss of gloss. The outstanding flow
characteristics make this two-component varnish highly suitable for both brush
and spray application.
Container Size
750 gr. (500 gr. base + 250 gr. reactor = 750 gr. mixed) 2:1 mix by weight.
Density
1.08 kg./liter mixed
Solids Content
45 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 80 micron
Per coat dry - 35 micron
Application
Brush, roller (phenolic core), conventional air spray, H.V.L.P.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hour
Dry - 24 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 10% with Epifanes Polyurethane Thinner
For Spray. Spray viscosity 20 - 22 seconds Din Cup 4, 16 - 18 seconds Ford
Cup 4. Nozzle 1.6 mm. - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2-3 Bar. Apply light tack coat to fully
wet the surface. Allow 15-20 minutes to dry, then coat the entire surface. Airless
spray not recommended.
Additives
Epifanes Polyurethane Retarder
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 60F. and 80F. during application. Air humidity
below 70%. Avoid varnishing in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents. Any existing finish must be intact, degreased and sanded.
Tape free - 18 hours
Recoatable - approx. 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
Two-component clear varnish system
on wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Bare wood must be clean, dry and free of grease etc. Degrease with Epifanes Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol. Wiping down with mineral or white
spirits, may leave an oily residue. Do not use water. Sand the bare wood to a fresh surface with 60 - 80 grit dry abrasive paper with the grain of the wood. A block may be used
to assist in fairing the surface. Finish sand with 100 - 120 grit dry abrasive paper. If desired, stain the wood at this time with a good quality water based stain. Do not color the
varnish itself as this will create a muddy appearance. Brush application with a good quality, clean, natural bristle brush will give good results.
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
in hours
Abrasive
paper grit
Abrasive
paper type
Approx.
coverage /
Remarks
First
Epifanes
PUCG
Brush
Thinner For
10-15
24 at 65F.
220
Dry
130 sq.
feet
Second
Epifanes
PUCG
Brush
Thinner For
10-15
24 at 65F.
280
Dry
130 sq.
feet
Third
Epifanes
PUCG
Brush
Thinner For
0-10
24 at 65F.
320
Dry
130 sq.
feet
If recoated
within 48
hours,
sanding is
not
required.
At least
3 more
Epifanes
PUCG
Brush
Thinner For
0-5
24 at 65F.
320-400
Wet or Dry
130 sq.
feet
Maintenance:
If existing coats of varnish are intact, one or more coats may be applied on a well cleaned, degreased and lightly sanded surface. Alternatively, the last two coats of Epifanes
Polyurethane Clear Gloss Varnish may be replaced with two coats of Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish. Allow 24 hours between coats and sand with 320-400 grit wet or dry
abrasive paper. The one-component finish may be preferred if a more elastic topcoat is desired or required. The one-component finish also provides easier maintenance.
EPIFANES POLYURETHANE CLEAR SATIN
Hard, rich satin sheen!
Type
Two-component clear satin finish based on unsaturated polyesters.
Color
Water clear
Gloss
Rich satin sheen
Recommended use
For interior use above the waterline. Finishing coat over Epifanes Polyurethane
Clear Gloss Varnish.
Film characteristics
Superior flow, gloss and durability. Excellent resistance to abrasion, weathering,
chemicals and loss of gloss. The outstanding flow characteristics make this twocomponent varnish highly suitable for both brush and spray application.
Container Size
750 gr. (500 gr. base + 250 gr. reactor = 750 gr. mixed) 2:1 mix by weight.
Density
1.08 kg./liter mixed
Solids Content
45 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 80 micron
Per coat dry - 35 micron
Application
Brush, roller (phenolic core), conventional air spray, H.V.L.P.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hour
Dry - 24 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 10% with Epifanes Polyurethane Thinner
For Spray. Spray viscosity 20 - 22 seconds Din Cup 4, 16 - 18 seconds Ford Cup
4. Nozzle 1.6 mm. - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar. Apply light tack coat to fully
wet the surface. Allow 15 - 20 minutes to dry, then coat the entire surface. Airless
spray not recommended.
Additives
Epifanes Polyurethane Retarder
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 60F. and 80F. during application. Air humidity
below 70%. Avoid varnishing in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
Tape free - 18 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
Two-component interior satin varnish system
on wood above the waterline
Surface Preparation:
Fill the bare wood to a smooth surface with Epifanes Polyurethane Clear Gloss. Approx. 3 - 4 coats. These sealer coats provide maximum durability and U.V. protection (see
leaflet on Polyurethane Clear Gloss for application instructions). A build up of gloss also produces a finish with more depth and clarity. After build up, degrease with Epifanes
Spray Thinner For Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol and sand coat with 320 or 400 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. Brush application with a good quality, clean, natural
bristle brush will give good results. Try an Epifanes brush for the ultimate varnishing experience.
Coats
Product
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying Time
in hours
Abrasive
paper grit
Abrasive
paper type
Approx.
coverage /
Remarks
First
Epifanes
Polyurethane
Clear Satin
Brush
Thinner For
Polyurethane
0-5
24 at 65F.
320 - 400
Wet or Dry
130 sq.
feet
Second
Epifanes
Polyurethane
Clear Satin
Brush
Thinner For
Polyurethane
0-5
24 at 65F.
320 - 400
Wet or Dry
130 sq.
feet
If recoated
within 48
hours,
sanding is
not
required.
Maintenance:
If existing coats of varnish are intact, one or more coats may be applied on a well cleaned, degreased and lightly sanded surface. Alternatively, the last two coats of Epifanes
Polyurethane Clear Satin Varnish may be replaced with two coats of Epifanes Rubbed Effect Interior Varnish. Allow 24 hours between coats and sand with 320 - 400 grit wet
or dry abrasive paper. The one-component finish may be preferred if a more elastic topcoat is desired or required. The one-component finish also provides easier maintenance.
EPIFANES PP VARNISH EXTRA
High build! Fast build!
Type
Two-component varnish based on alkyd resin/isocyanate
Color
Clear
Gloss
High Gloss
Recommended use
High build, fast build, interior or exterior varnish for all types of wood.
Insulation coat, sealer or filling coat in one and two-component synthetic or
polyester based varnish systems. Insulating sealer for oily, greasy and vaporous
woods such as teak and iroco. Fast drying. For exterior use, it is recommended to
topcoat with two or more coats of Epifanes Clear Varnish, Epifanes Woodfinish
Gloss or Epifanes Polyurethane Clear Gloss Varnish.
Properties
Seals off vaporous substances found in some exotic woods. Resistant to most
onboard chemicals. Excellent interior gloss retention. Excellent impact and
abrasion resistance.
Container Size
2000 ml. (1000 ml. base + 1000 ml. cure)
Density
1.05 kg./liter (mixed product)
Solids Content
45 +/- 2 vol. % (mixed product)
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet 70 - 80 micron
Per coat dry 30 - 35 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P.
Application
-brush or roller
-air spray
Thin 0 - 10 % with Epifanes Thinner For PP Varnish Extra only as needed.
Thin 10-15% with Epifanes Thinner For PP Varnish Extra. Spray viscosity 16-20
sec. DIN cup 4 - Nozzle 1.8 mm., pressure 2 - 3 Bar. Apply light tack coat to
fully wet the surface. Allow 15 - 20 min. to dry, then fully spray the entire
surface. Airless spray not advised.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Dustdry - 1 hour
Tack free -3 hours
Recoatable - spray - 2.5 hours
- brush - 5 hours
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 80F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
Two-component PP Varnish Extra system
Surface Preparation: Bare wood must be dry and free of grease, etc. Degrease with Epifanes Spraythinner for Paint & Varnish or denatured alcohol. Do not use water. Sand
bare wood with 60-80 grit abrasive paper with the grain of the wood. Subsequently sand with grits from 100 to 220. Brush application with a clean, longhaired bristle brush of
good quality.
INTERIOR:
EXTERIOR:
Number
of Coats
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
(brush/
roller)
Abrasive
Grit
Sanding
Recoat
Time 65F.
Notes
Number of
Coats
Thinner
Thinning
Ratio %
(brush/
roller)
Abrasive
Grit
Sanding
Recoat
Time 65F.
Notes
First
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
5 - 10
n/a
n/a
Within 24
hours, no
sanding
required
Can be
recoated
after 5
hours
First
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
5 - 10
n/a
n/a
Within 24
hours, no
sanding
required
Can be
recoated
after 5
hours
Second
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
5
280
Dry
After 24
hours
Within 24
hours, no
sanding
required
Can be
recoated
after 5
hours
Second
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
5
280
Dry
After 24
hours
Within 24
hours, no
sanding
required
Can be
recoated
after 5
hours
Third
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
0-5
360
Wet or
Dry
After 24
hours
Within 24
hours, no
sanding
required
Can be
recoated
after 5
hours
Third
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
0-5
n/a
n/a
Within 24
hours, no
sanding
required
Can be
recoated
after 5
hours
More as
needed
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
0-5
360
Wet or
Dry
After 24
hours
Within 24
hours, no
sanding
required
Can be
recoated
after 5
hours
Fourth
Thinner
for PP
Varnish
0-5
(see
below)
After 24
hours
n/a
Must be
topcoated
When a satin finish is desired: Sand last coat to 220 grit, apply one or more coats of
Epifanes Rubbed Effect Interior Varnish. Sand between coats with 320 grit wet or
dry abrasive paper. If desired, replace Rubbed Effect with Epifanes Polyurethane
After the fourth coat, sand with 220 grit wet or dry abrasive paper (if topcoating with a
one-component product) or 320 wet or dry (if topcoating with a two-component
product). Topcoat with three or more coats of Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish,
EPIFANES TEAK OIL
Type
One-component wood oil based on linseed oil and alkyd resins.
Color
Amber
Gloss
n/a
Characteristics
An impregnating oil for the maintenance and protection of teak and other oily
and/or resinous types of wood. Accentuates the natural grain color. Ideal for use
on teak decks. Protects the wood from discoloration caused by weather or
pollutants. Easy to apply with wide brush or lint-free cloth.
Recommended use
All clear wood areas where a less slippery surface is desired (decks, boarding
ladders etc.). May also be applied on hand holds, railings etc.
Container Size
1000 ml.
Density
0.91 kg/liter
Solids Content
50 +/- 2 vol. %
Theoretical Coverage
Approx. 100 sq. ft./liter
Practical Coverage
Dependent on absorption characteristics of substrate, method of application, loss
of material due to the shape of surface and other possible circumstances during
application.
Thinner
Epifanes Brush Thinner For Paint & Varnish
Application
Apply wet-on-wet until saturation of the wood has been achieved. Saturation
point depends on the dryness and/or density of the wood. Normally, two coats
are sufficient. Excessive film build-up must be avoided. Remove surplus material
with a lint-free cloth. Apply with a wide brush or lint-free cloth.
Maintenance interval
Dependent on climate conditions and exposure to weather.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
CHAPTER TWO
PAINTS
10 Pages
EPIFANES YACHT ENAMEL
Flexibility and durability!
Type
Color
Gloss
One-component
Traditional
marine
yacht
varnish,
coating
based
based
on on
tung
oiloil,
modified
phenolic-modified
alkyd resins.alkyd resins and
maximum U.V. absorbers.
42 Colors. See Epifanes Color chart.
Interior and exterior wood above the waterline. Maintenance of existing, well
Ultra
adhering
highone
gloss.
and two part varnish systems.
Recommended use
Finishing
Excellent coat
durability
for wood,
and steel,
U.V. aluminum
protection and
in all
fiberglass
climaticinconditions.
conjunctionHigh
withfilm
the
appropriate
build capacity
primers.
and unique
For interiors
flow characteristics.
and exteriors above the waterline. Absolutely
the best for traditional wood construction.
Film characteristics
Superior
250 ml., 500
flow,
ml.,
gloss
1000and
ml.,durability.
5000 ml.,Excellent flexibility and water resistance in
all climatic conditions. Fresh and salt water resistant. Vivid color brilliance.
Outstanding
Ultra high gloss
wet edge and covering properties.
Container Size
All
0.92colors 750 ml. White also available in 2000 ml. and 4000 ml.
Density
0.95
55 +/-- 1.30
2 vol.kg./liter
%
(dependent on color)
Solids Content
50
Per-coat
55 +/wet2 50
vol.micron
% (dependent on color)
Per coat dry 30 micron
Per coat wet 60 - 70 micron
Per
Cancoat
alsodry
be 30
applied
- 35 micron
by conventional air spray. Thin up to 20% with Epifanes
Spray Thinner for Paint & Varnish.
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Tack free 3 hours
Tape free 24 hours
Hard free
dry - 3 12
hours
Recoatable
hours
Tack
hours
Tape
free - 2424
hours
Dry - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
Temperature between 10C and 30C during application and drying. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid
varnishing
in too
windwith
or sun.
A rapid
lossThinner
of solvents
Conventional
air: Thin
as needed
upmuch
to 20%
Epifanes
Spray
for
will occur
under these
and- decrease
theDin
flowing
thinner
Paint
& Varnish.
Sprayconditions
viscosity 18
22 seconds
Cup ability.
4, 14 -Add
18 seconds
up toCup
the 4.
specified
to compensate
for the faster release of solvents.
Ford
1.5 mm.percentage
- 1.8 mm. Pressure
2 - 3 Bar.
Epifanes Clear Gloss Varnish can be used over most types of other onecomponent
alkyd or Epifanes
urethane Retarder
based varnish and over properly sanded twoEpifanes
Accelerator,
component varnishes.
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents will
occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add thinner
up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of solvents.
Epifanes Yacht Enamel is compatible with most other types of one-component
alkyd or urethane based paints and over two-component paints. Any existing
finish must be intact, degreased and sanded prior to recoating.
Recommended film
thickness
Application
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Spray Application
Additives
Application
conditions
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
Finishing Epifanes Yacht Enamel
Surface Preparation: See leaflet “Surface Preparation”.
Primer System: Further details on various Epifanes Primers Sheets
Wood / Plywood
Fiberglass
Steel
Aluminum
Primer
Werdol Woodprimer
Epifanes Fiberglass Primer
Werdol Metalprimer
Epifanes Washprimer AQ
+Epifanes Epigrond
Thinner
Epifanes Thinner P & V
Epifanes Thinner P & V
Epifanes Thinner P & V
n/a
Thinning Ratio
0-5%
0-5%
0-5%
n/a
Number of Coats
one or two
one or two
at least three
one
Drying Time
24 hours
24 hours
24 hours
24-48 hours
Sanding Grit
180-220 dry
320 dry
220 dry
n/a
Topcoat
Product
Thinner
(brush/roller)
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying time in
hours at 65 F.
Abrasive Paper
Grit
Type
Coverage
per ltr.
First
Epifanes Yacht
Enamel
Epifanes Brushthinner P & V
5
24
360
Wet
160 sq. ft.
15 sq. m.
At least
two
Epifanes Yacht
Enamel
Epifanes Brushthinner P & V
0-5
24
400
Wet
160 sq. ft.
15 sq. m.
Maintenance: If existing paint system is intact and only loss of gloss is noticed, one or more fresh coats Epifanes Yacht
Enamel may be applied on a well cleaned degreased surface that is sanded with 320 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. A paint
system in poor condition must be removed.
Airspray
Airless
Thinner
Sprayth. P.V
Sprayth. P.V
Ratio
15-20%
5-10%
Viscosity
20-24 sec.
35-50 sec.
DIN
Cup 4
Cup 4
Nozzle
1.6-1.8 mm
0.011-0.013”
Pressure
2-3 bar
80-100 bar
EPIFANES MONOURETHANE
Hardest finish available in a one-part paint!
Type
One component, air dry, ultra high gloss finish based on urethane alkyd resins.
Color
19 colors. See Epifanes color chart.
Gloss
Ultra high gloss
Recommended use
Finishing coat for wood, steel, aluminum and fiberglass in conjunction with the
appropriate primers. For exterior use above the waterline, topsides and interiors .
Can be applied directly on thoroughly degreased and sanded fiberglass, onecomponent primers and top coats as well as on thoroughly sanded twocomponent polyurethane. This finish is not compatible with epoxy.
Film characteristics
This one-component urethane formulation was developed to provide the
application ease of a traditional enamel with the hard durability of a urethane
resin base. Fresh and salt water resistant, long lasting weather durability and
gloss retention, rapid wet film drying.
Container Size
750 ml.
Density
0.95 - 1.30 kg./liter (dependent on color)
Solids Content
50 - 55 +/- 2 vol. %.
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 60 micron
Per coat dry - 35 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hour
Dry - 24 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 18 - 22 seconds Din Cup 4, 14 - 18 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm. - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Additives
None
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents will
occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add thinner
up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of solvents.
Epifanes Monourethane is compatible with most other types of one-component
alkyd or urethane based paints and over two-component paints.
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
Finishing Epifanes Monourethane
Surface Preparation: See leaflet Surface Preparation
Primer System: Further details on various Epifanes Primers Sheets
Marine Plywood
Fiberglass
Steel
Aluminum
Primer
Werdol Woodprimer
Epifanes Fiberglass
Primer
Werdol Metalprimer
Epifanes Washprimer AQ
+Epifanes Epigrond
Thinner
Epifanes Thinner P & V
Epifanes Thinner P & V
Epifanes Thinner P & V
n/a
Thinning Ratio
0-5%
0-5%
0-5%
n/a
Number of Coats
one or two
one or two
at least three
one
Drying Time
24 hours
24 hours
24 hours
24-48 hours
Sanding Grit
180-220 dry
320 dry
220 dry
n/a
Thinner
(brush/roller)
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying time
at 65 F.
Epifanes
Monourethane
Epifanes Brushthinner P & V
5
Epifanes
Monourethane
Epifanes Brushthinner P & V
0-5
TopCoat
Product
First
At least
two
Abrasive Paper
Coverage
per ltr.
Grit
Type
24 hours
320
Wet
160 sq. ft.
15 sq. m.
24 hours
400
Wet
160 sq. ft.
15 sq. m.
Maintenance: If existing paint system is intact and only loss of gloss is noticed, one or more fresh coats of Epifanes
Monourethane may be applied on a well cleaned degreased surface that is sanded with 320 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. A paint
system in poor condition must be removed.
Airspray
Airless
Thinner
Sprayth. P.V
Sprayth. P.V
Ratio
10-15%
5-10%
Viscosity
18-22 sec.
35-50 sec.
DIN
Cup 4
Cup 4
Nozzle
1.5-1.8 mm
0.0110.013”
Pressure
2-3 bar
80-100 bar
EPIFANES POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT
Hardest, toughest, longest lasting!
Type
Two-component polyester saturated aliphatic urethane finish.
Color
19 Colors (see colorchart). Custom colors on request.
Gloss
Ultra High Gloss
Recommended use
Exterior topsides and interior use. Finishing coat for fiberglass, steel, aluminum
and wood. For use on all epoxy primed substrates or direct application on
unpainted wood or thoroughly cleaned and degreased fiberglass surfaces above
the waterline.
Properties
Excellent resistance to abrasion, weathering, chemicals and loss of gloss. The
outstanding flow characteristics make this two-component topcoat highly
suitable for both brush, roller and spray application.
Container Size
750 gr. (500 gr. base + 250 gr. reactor = 750 gr. mixed) 2:1 mix by weight.
Density
1.00 - 1.40 kg./liter (mixed product) (depending on color)
Solids Content
50 - 55 +/- 2 vol. % (mixed product) (depending on color)
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet 80 micron
Per coat dry 40 - 45 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P.
Application
-brush or roller
-air spray
Thin 0 - 10 % with Epifanes P.U. Brushthinner
Thin up to 10 % with Epifanes P.U. Spraythinner. Spray viscosity 20-22 sec.
DIN cup 4 - Nozzle 1.8 mm., pressure 2 - 3 Bar. Apply light tack coat to fully
wet the surface. Allow 15 - 20 min. to dry, then fully spray the entire surface.
Airless spray not advised.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free -3 hours
Hard dry - 8 hours
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
Tape free - 7 hours
Recoatable -24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
Epifanes Polyurethane Topcoat
Surface Preparation: See leaflet “Surface Preparation”.
Primer System: Further details on applicable Epifanes Primer Sheets.
Marine Plywood
Fiberglass
Steel
Aluminum
Primer
Epifanes Epoxy Primer
Epifanes Epoxy Primer
Epifanes Epoxy Primer
Epifanes Washprimer AQ
Thinner
Epifanes Thinner D-601
Epifanes Thinner D-601
Epifanes Thinner D-601
n/a
Thinning Ratio
0-5%
0-5%
0-5%
n/a
Number of Coats
one or two
one
at least three
one
Drying Time
24 hours
24 hours
12 hours
2-48 hours
Sanding Grit
220 dry
220 dry
220 dry
n/a
Coats
Product
Thinner
(brush/roller)
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying time in
hours at 65F.
At Least
Three
Epifanes Polyurethane
Topcoat
Epifanes P.U.
Brusthinner
0-5
24
Abrasive Paper
Grit
Type
320
Wet
Coverage
per kg.
Airspray
Thinner
Epifanes Polyurethane
Ratio
10%
Viscosity
20-22 sec. DIN cup 4
Nozzle
1.6-1.8 mm
Pressure
2-3 bar
130 sq. ft.
If existing paint system is intact and only loss of gloss is noticed, one or more fresh coats of Epifanes Polyurethane Topcoat may
be applied on a well cleaned, degreased surface that is sanded with 320 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. If required use Epifanes
Epoxy Primer first. A paint system in poor condition must be removed. If subsequent coat is applied within 48 hours, sanding
between coats is not necessary. The application by airless spray is not advised.
EPIFANES NAUTIFORTE
Highest gloss, non-yellowing, minimal dirt retention!
Type
One-component finish paint based on silicon reinforced modified alkyd resins.
Color
White, #24 Oyster, #25 Off white.
Gloss
Ultra high gloss. A degree of gloss is activated by exposure to Ultra Violet.
Recommended use
Finishing coat for wood, steel, aluminum and fiberglass in conjunction with the
appropriate primers. For exterior use above the waterline, topsides and interiors.
Can be applied directly on thoroughly degreased and sanded fiberglass, onecomponent primers and top coats as well as on thoroughly sanded polyurethane.
Film characteristics
Superior flow, gloss and durability. Excellent flexibility and water resistance in
all climatic conditions. Non-yellowing, minimal dirt retention. Easy application
and rapid wet film drying. Optimum covering and filling capacity.
Container Size
750 ml., White also available in 2000 ml.
Density
1.18 kg./liter
Solids Content
50 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 70 micron
Per coat dry - 35 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 2 hours
Dry - 24 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 20% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 18 - 22 seconds Din Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm. 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Additives
None (may effect gloss, flow or non-yellowing characteristics).
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents will
occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add thinner
up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of solvents.
Epifanes Nautiforte is compatible with most other types of one-component alkyd
or urethane based paints and over two-component paints. Any existing finish
must be intact, degreased and sanded prior to recoating.
Tape free - 18 hours
Recoatable - 18 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
Finishing Epifanes Nautiforte
Surface Preparation: See leaflet “Surface Preparation”.
Primer System: Further details on various Epifanes Primers Sheets
Wood / Plywood
Fiberglass
Steel
Aluminum
Primer
Werdol Woodprimer
Epifanes Fiberglass Primer
Werdol Metalprimer
Epifanes Washprimer AQ
+Epifanes Epigrond
Thinner
Epifanes Thinner P & V
Epifanes Thinner P & V
Epifanes Thinner P & V
n/a
Thinning Ratio
0-5%
0-5%
0-5%
n/a
Number of Coats
one or two
one or two
at least three
one
Drying Time
24 hours
24 hours
24 hours
24-48 hours
Sanding Grit
180-220 dry
320 dry
220 dry
n/a
Topcoat
Product
Thinner
(brush/roller)
Thinning
Ratio %
Drying time in
hours at 65 F.
Abrasive Paper
Grit
Type
Coverage
per ltr.
First
Epifanes
Nautiforte
Epifanes Brushthinner P & V
5
24
360
Wet
150 sq. ft.
14 sq. m.
At least
two
Epifanes
Nautiforte
Epifanes Brushthinner P & V
0-5
24
400
Wet
150 sq. ft.
14 sq. m.
Maintenance: If existing paint system is intact and only loss of gloss is noticed, one or more fresh coats Epifanes Nautiforte
may be applied on a well cleaned degreased surface that is sanded with 320 grit wet or dry abrasive paper. A paint system in
poor condition must be removed.
Airspray
Airless
Thinner
Sprayth. P.V
Sprayth. P.V
Ratio
20%
5%
Viscosity
20-22 sec.
35-50 sec.
DIN
Cup 4
Cup 4
Nozzle
0.12-0.16 mm
0.011-0.013”
Pressure
2-3 bar
80-100 bar
EPIFANES EGGSHELL ENAMEL
Type
One-component enamel based on alkyd / urethane resins
Color
White
Gloss
Eggshell
Recommended use
Eggshell finish for interior use on wood, steel, fiberglass and aluminum in
conjunction with the appropriate primer systems. For maintenance of existing,
intact interior finishes.
Properties
Quick drying, smooth hard satin finish with beautiful, long-lasting protection.
Resistant to water, alcohol, most onboard chemicals and abrasion.
Container Size
750 ml.
Density
1.22 kg./liter
Solids Content
60 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 60 micron
Per coat dry - 35 micron
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 3 hours
Dry - 12 hours
Application - brush
- spray
Thin as needed with Epifanes Brush Thinner For Paint & Varnish up to 5%.
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for Paint
& Varnish. Spray viscosity 20 - 24 seconds Din Cup 4. 16 - 20 seconds Ford Cup 4.
Nozzle 1.5 mm - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Additives
Epifanes Accelerator, Epifanes Retarder
Application notes
Epifanes Eggshell Enamel is best used as a finish coat over a build-up of Epifanes
Yacht Enamel, Monourethane, Two-part Polyurethane or, Nautiforte. Eggshell
Enamel can be used over most other types of one-component alkyd or urethane
based paint and over properly sanded two-component paints. See appropriate
application and preparation instructions. Coverage approx. 140 sq. ft./liter.
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents will
occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add thinner up
to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of solvents.
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
EPIFANES NONSKID DECKCOATING
Superior hardness, and ease of application!
Type
One-component semi-gloss urethane-alkyd resin based deckpaint containing polypropylene beads as a nonkid agent.
Color
White, Cream #1, Gray # 212 (see color chart).
Gloss
Eggshell
Recommended use
Nonskid finishing coat for wood, steel, aluminum and fiberglass in conjunction
with the appropriate primers. For exterior and interior use above the waterline.
Properties
Excellent color retention, cleans easily and stands up to rough wear. Polypropylene beads are considered superior as a non-skid agent because the beads
absorb a portion of the finish maintaining color retention and structural integrity.
Provides even coverage when rolled.
Container Size
750 ml.
Density
1.10 - 1.30 kg./liter
Solids Content
60 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet 100 micron
Per coat dry 60 micron
Application
Best by roller, or brush.
Thinner
Epifanes Brushthinner for Paint and Varnish
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hour
Tape free - 24 hours
Hard dry - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
Note: Allow 72 hours before walking on last coat.
ApplicationnNotes
See instructions “Finishing Yacht Enamel”. Replace topcoats with Nonskid.
Coverage approx. 80 sq. ft. per liter.
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents will
occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add thinner up
to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of solvents.
Epifanes Nonskid Deckcoating can be used over most types of one-component
alkyd or urethane-based paint systems and over properly sanded two-component
paint systems.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
CHAPTER THREE
PRIMERS
6 Pages
WERDOL WOODPRIMER
Faster build-up, easy sanding
Type
One-component airdrying primer for wood, based on alkyd resin
Color
White, Gray
Gloss
Eggshell
Recommended use
Undercoat for bare wood surfaces in one-component paint systems above the
waterline. For exterior and interior use. Excellent build and sandability.
Container Size
750 ml., 2000 ml., 4000 ml.,
Density
1.10 - 1.50 kg./liter (depending on color)
Solids Content
55 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 80 micron
Per coat dry - 45 micron
Werdol Woodprimer is an airdrying product. Avoid applying too thick
a wet film in order to prevent drying problems.
Coverage
Approx. 110 sq. ft./liter
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 2 hours
Dry - 15 hours
SprayaApplication
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 20% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 18 - 22 seconds Din Cup 4, 23 - 28 seconds
Zahn Cup 2, 20-24 seconds Ford Cup 4.
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
EPIFANES FIBERGLASS PRIMER
Maximize adhesion over fiberglass
Type
One-component primer for fiberglass, based on modified alkyd resins.
Color
White. May be tinted with the appropriate finish, if desired.
Gloss
Eggshell
Recommended use
Primer for fiberglass or gelcoat above the waterline prior to the application of
one-component topcoats. Maximizes adhesion.
Properties
Excellent direct adhesion to fiberglass or intercoat adhesion to one-component
yacht paints. Fills very small surface irregularities to a smooth film. High-build
and excellent covering capability, creating an even primer coat. This is especially
important when topcoating with a different color .
Container Size
750 ml., 2000 ml., 4000 ml.,
Density
1.50 kg./liter
Solids Content
50 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 70 micron
Per coat dry - 35 micron
Coverage
Approx. 110 sq. ft./liter
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hours
Dry - 12 hours
Spray application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 20 - 24 seconds Din Cup 4. 16 - 20 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
Recoatable with
Epifanes Yacht Enamel, Monourethane or Nautiforte.
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
EPIGROND PRIMER
Faster build-up, easy sanding
Type
One-component, airdrying undercoat, based on modified alkyd urethane resins.
Color
White
Gloss
Eggshell
Recommended use
Intermediate coat for use over all types of one-component anti-corrosive systems
above the waterline. Primer over Epifanes Washprimer AQ.
Properties
High build, good sandability, provides excellent adhesion for all one-component
alkyd and/or urethane-based topcoats.
Container Size
750 ml., 2000 ml., 4000 ml.,
Density
1.50 kg./liter
Solids Content
60 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 70 micron
Per coat dry - 45 micron
Coverage
Approx. 110 sq. ft./liter
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hours
Dry - 12 hours
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 20 - 24 seconds Din Cup 4. 16 - 20 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
Recoatable with
Epifanes Yacht Enamel, Monourethane or Nautiforte
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 24 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
WERDOL METALPRIMER
Type
One-component air-dry anti-corrosive primer, based on alkyd/urethane resin and
zinc phosphate.
Color
White, Gray
Gloss
Eggshell
Recommended use
Prime coat in a one-component paint system for steel above the waterline.
Maintenance primer on existing one-component paint systems.
Properties
Excellent rust prevention. High-build, excellent covering capability. Good
sandability.
Container Size
750 ml., 2000 ml., 4000 ml.
Density
1.35 kg./liter
Solids Content
60 +/- 2 vol. %
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet 70 micron
Per coat dry 45 micron
Coverage
Approx. 110 sq. ft./liter
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free -3 hours
Hard dry - 8 hours
Application - brush
- spray
Thin as needed up to 5% with Epifanes Brush Thinner For Paint & Varnish.
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Spray Thinner for
Paint & Varnish. Spray viscosity 20 - 24 seconds Din Cup 4. 16 - 20 seconds
Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5 mm - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar.
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
Tape free - 7 hours
Recoatable -12 hours
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
EPIFANES INTERIMCOAT
Best adhesion below the waterline!
Type
Two-component adhesion primer, based on epoxy-vinyl resins.
Color
White. May be tinted with the appropriate finish, if desired.
Gloss
Matte
Recommended use
Adhesion primer on fiberglass and two-component substrates (e.g. epoxy based)
to ensure optimum adhesion of subsequent one-component product. For use
above and below the waterline.
Properties
Excellent adhesion on fiberglass and epoxy-based coatings.
Container Size
750 ml.
Density
1.30 kg./liter
Solids Content
40 +/- 2 vol. %
Coverage
Approx. 85 sq. ft./liter
Mixing Ratio
Component A.
Component B. (cure)
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P., airless.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Tack free - 1 hour
Hard dry - 12 hours
SprayaApplication
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 15% with Epifanes Thinner D-601. Spray
viscosity 20 - 24 seconds Din Cup 4. 16 - 20 seconds Ford Cup 4. Nozzle 1.5
mm - 1.8 mm. Pressure 2 - 3 Bar
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents. Do not sand Interim Coat.
Recoatable with
Any type of one or two-component paint or coating, including anti-fouling.
6 vol. parts - 90 weight parts
1 vol. part - 10 weight parts
Tape free - 24 hours
Recoatable - 18 hours (one-com)
- 4 hours (two-comp)
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
EPIFANES EPOXY PRIMER
Type
Two-component anti-corrosive primer based on epoxy resin with zinc phosphate
as the anti-rust agent.
Color
White.
Gloss
Semi-gloss
Recommended use
Filling primer in a two-component paint system on wood (ply) and fiberglass,
and as an anti-rust primer in a two-component paint system on steel and
aluminum. For interior and exterior use above or below the waterline. Recoatable
with all Epifanes two-component products.
Container Size
750 ml., 2000 ml. (100 parts comp. A to 14 parts comp. B by weight).
Density
1.82 kg/liter (mixed)
Solids Content
50 +/- 2 vol.% (mixed)
Recommended film
thickness
Per coat wet - 80 micron
Per coat dry - 40 micron
Coverage
Approx. 100 sq. ft./liter
Application
Brush, roller, conventional air spray, H.V.L.P.
Drying times at
65F / 65% RH
Dust free - 45 minutes
Tack free - 1 hour
Spray Application
Conventional air: Thin as needed up to 10% with Epifanes D-601 Thinner
Nozzle 1.5 - 1.8 mm. Pressure 3 - 4 bar.
Application
conditions
Temperature should be between 50F. and 85F. during application. Air humidity
below 85%. Avoid painting in too much wind or sun. A rapid loss of solvents
will occur under these conditions and will decrease the flowing ability. Add
thinner up to the specified percentage to compensate for the faster release of
solvents.
Recoatable - 12 hours
Full cure - 7 days
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
CHAPTER FOUR
BRUSHES & ACCESSORIES
1 Pages
ACCESSORIES
Brushes, Brushkeeper, Roller Covers, Handle & Tray
BRUSHES
Type
Natural Chinese bristle, set in epoxy with a nickel plated ferrule. Bristle ends are
individually split and hand chiseled. Varnished hardwood handle
Use
One or two-component paints or varnishes.
Characteristics
Round Style - A European style. The volume of bristle gives great holding
capacity. Originally designed for rails etc. this style ensures even flow of product
on rounded edges. Excellent for trim.
Oval Style - This oval shaped brush has the same qualities as the round style but,
provides a slower release of product. Falling somewhere in between the “Round”
and “Full”, this brush is ideal for varnish.
Full - Elliptical in shape, this brush most resembles the American flat brush but,
has a much greater holding capacity. The bristles are short enough to offer good
control when using high solids content paints or varnishes yet still offers
exceptional softness at the bristle ends. This is a great all purpose brush.
Size
Round - 3/8”, 1/2”, 3/4”. Oval - 1 3/8”, 1 3/4”, 2”. Full - 1 1/2”, 2”, 2 1/4”, 2
1/2”, 3”.
Care
We recommend storing Epifanes brushes suspended in a bath of diesel fuel. This
kind of wet storage combined with a mineral spirit rinse and spin several times,
before and after use will give you 10 - 20 years of good service. Due to its
oiliness and low evaporation rate, diesel keeps the brushes clean and the bristles
soft. Refresh the diesel twice a year.
Notes
These brushes will give you the ultimate varnishing experience. As with any
tool, quality can add immensely to the overall success of your project.
BRUSHKEEPER
Description
Keep your good brushes soft and clean by storing them in the Epifanes
Brushkeeper. Translucent polyethylene container measures 5” X 5” X 14” tall
and holds one to eight brushes suspended in kerosene or diesel by a cleverly
designed removable rack. A tightfitting lid prevents spills and evaporation.
ROLLERS
Description
We have looked long and hard for these items! Imported from Germany, this
roller cover, tray and handle combination is absolutely perfect for applying any
of our paints and varnishes. Covers are low profile, high density foam, 4” in
length with a 3/8” nap. Handles are available in 10” or 16” lengths. Trays (very
tough to find in this width) measure 5 1/2” by 11” in length. Sold in combination
or separately.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES:
Seller makes no express warranties. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED. In the event a warranty is created by law,
buyer’s EXCLUSIVE REMEDY shall be the replacement of any defective product. No other remedy (including,
but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost sales, injury to person or property, or
any other incidental or consequential loss) shall be available to buyer.
Some States do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties or do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from State to State.
Epifanes North America Inc.
70 Water Street
Thomaston, Maine 04861
U.S.A.
tel. 800-269-0961
fax. 207-354-0387
http://www.epifanes.com
CHAPTER FIVE
TECHNICAL ADVICE
3 Pages
Degreasing:
Before sanding, be sure the surface is clean and well degreased. Most dirt can be removed with
water and ammonia.
Surfaces to be degreased:
Existing paint layers - Epifanes Spraythinner for P & V
Bare wood - Epifanes Spraythinner for P & V
Tropical bare wood - Epifanes Spraythinner for P & V
Bare steel - Epifanes Epoxythinner
Aluminum - Epifanes Spraythinner for P & V
Fiberglass - Epifanes Fiberglass Prep.Cleaner
Sanding & Adhesion:
Thorough sanding is required to ensure optimum adhesion between coats and to create a smooth
undercoat. Unless instructed differently, sand every coat of finish before applying a new coat.
Each surface requires a particular type and grit of sandpaper. Bare surfaces, primers, undercoats
and fillers need to be dry sanded in order to avoid the intake of moisture. Sanding between
topcoats can best be executed with a fine grit wet sandpaper and water. One should avoid visible
sanding scratches in the topcoat. When (dry) sanding, we recommend wearing an appropriate
dust mask to avoid breathing fine dust particles. When sanding products containing lead or
chromate, it is imperative that one wears an appropriate breathing apparatus. The recommended
type of sandpaper and grit are determined in each system.
Recoating:
An important consideration when (re) painting existing, unknown surfaces, is the choice of the
correct product. In general, when a surface has been previously painted there are two
possibilities. Either a one-component paint system or a two-component paint system has been
applied.
By placing a cloth saturated with EPIFANES Fiberglass Prep Cleaner on the surface to be
painted for 15 minutes, the difference will become evident. If the Fiberglass Prep Cleaner reacts
as a paint remover and begins to wrinkle the paint, it is a one-component paint. If the paint
remains intact, you are most definitely dealing with a two-component paint product. In principle, a
one-component paint may be applied onto a well cleaned and sanded (320 grit wet or dry
abrasive paper) two-component paint coat. The bond is acquired mechanically by roughing the
surface. A two- component product however, may not be applied over a one-component paint
coat, as the solvents of the two-component product will react as a paint remover on the onecomponent coat.
Surface Preparation and Painting:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Make sure that the application and the drying of paint surfaces is performed in well-ventilated
areas and obey all safety precautions.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
When ventilation is limited, wear an appropriate breathing apparatus in order to avoid
breathing solvent fumes.
Make sure that the surface is dry and free of all dirt, wax, oil, rust, dust and other
contaminates.
Use only appropriate, clean and dry tools.
Use clean, longhaired, soft bristle brushes of good quality. Preferably EPIFANES brushes.
When applying two-component products, use only paint rollers that are resistant to the
(aggressive) solvents in these paints, like nylon or sheepskin.
For the application of one-component paints use foam rollers.
For the application of varnish, we recommend very fine (1/8" nap) foam rollers or lint free
mohair rollers.
Only work in dry, draft free and dust free surroundings.
Do not paint in direct sunlight or under humid conditions.
Be aware of condensation following the application of paint. Moisture can settle into the wet
film causing the paint to lose its gloss. In particular, two-component paints are susceptible to
this problem.
When applying one-component products, the minimum application and surface temperature
should be no less than 40 F. (5 C). Two- component products should not be applied in
temperatures under 50- 55 F. (10-12 C).
During application, the relative humidity should not exceed 85%. When applying twocomponent products, a maximum humidity level of 70% should be observed. Application of
paint in conditions above or below these levels may have repercussions on the drying and
hardening qualities of the product.
The minimum temperature of the object to be painted should be 5 F. (3 C.) above the point of
condensation.
Before painting, ensure that the surface is dry.
When painting overhead on cold (er) days, be aware of condensation from your breath on the
cold surface.
Avoid applying too heavy a film thickness, causing drying problems and wrinkling. It is often
better to apply two thin coats than one thick coat.
Distribute the paint evenly.
Do not thin more than necessary. Too much thinning causes sags and insufficient film
thickness. A thin coating provides only limited protection that can lead to rapid loss of gloss.
Too little thinning may influence the flow. Only use the recommended thinners.
Avoid the use of other additives. The thinning percentage depends on the temperature of the
paint and the surrounding conditions. The recommended percentages are only guidelines.
In order to avoid possible color differences, always use paints with the identical batch
number, found on the bottom of each container.
Before painting, make sure the paint is mixed well. There may be deposits and/or pigments
lying beneath the lip or on the sides and bottom of the container.
Try to avoid the intake of air into the paint by stirring too aggressively.
Maintenance:
An important consideration when (re) painting existing, unknown surfaces is the choice of the
correct product. In general, when a surface has been previously painted there are two
possibilities. Either a one-component paint system or a two-component paint system has been
applied.
By placing a cloth saturated with EPIFANES Fiberglass Prep Cleaner on the surface to be
painted for 15 minutes, the difference will become evident. If the Fiberglass Prep Cleaner reacts
as a paint remover and begins to wrinkle the paint, it is a one-component paint. If the paint
remains intact, you are most definitely dealing with a two-component paint product. In principle, a
one-component paint may be applied onto a well-cleaned and sanded (320 grit wet or dry
abrasive paper) two-component paint coat. The bond is acquired mechanically by roughing the
surface. A two- component product however, may not be applied over a one-component paint
coat, as the solvents of the two-component product will react as a paint remover on the onecomponent coat.
COMMON PROBLEMS:
The paint does not dry thoroughly:
The temperature is too cool for good flow, there is not enough air circulation, or too thick a layer
has been applied. Applying too thick a coat may entrap solvents in the paint. Drying problems can
also occur by applying a one-component product directly onto a "too fresh" epoxy or fiberglass
coat. The required amount of time for thorough drying depends on the amount of solvents
remaining in the original coat. In some cases thorough drying may not occur at all. These coats
must be removed.
The coat has developed wrinkles:
Wrinkling of paint coats can be caused by the application of too thick a layer (often on horizontal
surfaces), applying a fresh coat on a surface not yet thoroughly dry or application in direct
sunlight. The entrapped solvents may, in time, evaporate through the original layer of paint. If
necessary, this can be encouraged by lightly sanding the wrinkled surface, letting air into the
paint layer allowing it to dry. When the paint has dried, sand to a fresh surface and recoat.
Blisters form during application:
This is caused by application onto a hot surface or by moving the finished piece into direct
sunlight right after application.
Blisters form after application:
This is generally caused by the expansion of moisture or entrapped solvent under the finish.
"Fish eyes":
The paint refuses to flow in a continuous uniform coating. This is caused by the presence of
water, grease, wax, silicones or other contamination on the surface, low temperature, or
application of paint on a surface that has not been sanded or sanded insufficiently. In all cases
remove the paint while still wet. Clean the surface with an appropriate cleaner and degreaser.
Sand thoroughly. Recoat.
Pulling during application: There is sometimes a pull as the paint is being applied when
insufficient material is being carried in the brush or when the paint is too thick for ambient
conditions. This is usually overcome by carrying more material in the brush or by further thinning
of the paint.
CHAPTER SIX
Q&A
15 Pages
Question:
What is the best way to remove old finish?
Answer:
There is no right way or wrong way to strip varnish. Whatever works for you, is the best
way. Our recommendations are based on our own experiences and preferences.
First, begin with a good (6 or more. You can't have too many) selection of scrapers. Go
nuts, experiment with a variety of styles, brands, and shapes. These should be treated
as tools. That is what they are. Learn how to sharpen them. We cannot emphasize
enough the value of a sharp scraper. Books should be written on this subject. If you want
to know more, ask us.
Next, experiment with stripping methods. There are a vast number of chemicals out
there to choose from. We do not use chemicals. We have tried most of them and have
always returned to a heat (hot air) gun and sharp scrapers. This method is by far the
least messy and most effective for us. However, having said this, try different methods.
You may discover a combination that works better for you. That is o.k. On the subject of
heat guns, we have tried them all from the most expensive at $140.00 to a $25.00 Black
& Decker. We use the Black & Decker exclusively. Why? It is a fraction of the weight and
produces the same thing. Hot air!
Once you have determined the method that works best for you and your boat, get
organized. Establish a sharpening area, lay out your tools, clean your space, put on your
favorite music and begin. Start at one end and work your way to the other. This sounds
basic but avoid the tendency to jump form here to there. You will have better success if
you approach the job logically and orderly.
You may find that stripping is a two-stage process. Strip off the bulk of the varnish first
time around then, hit it a second time removing the residue and bringing the wood back
to fresh. This is o.k. too. Scrapers remove more material easier and faster than
sandpaper. Stay with them until the job is done. If you find that your scrapers do not
work on a particularly tight spot, make one that does. With an old file and a grinder, one
can make an excellent specialized scraper.
Deck seams. The old caulk, and it may be very old, very hard putty, needs to be
removed. Do not try to save this. You will not be able to and still retain the integrity
between the caulking and the seam edges. Again, a heat gun works best. Make a
gouging tool that fits your seam width. Take your time and be careful! Do not lie awake
at night devising a "router/circular saw seam removal machine". We have not seen one
that works yet.
Take your time and enjoy yourself! This is fun remember?
Question:
What is the best way to care for a good Varnish brush?
Answer:
Although the tendency to use a foam brush for the ultimate in convenience may be
great, there is absolutely nothing as satisfying as a good quality, natural bristle varnish
brush. When selecting a brush watch for the following:
•
A true varnish brush will have slightly shorter bristles in order to "bite" into a heavier
product like marine varnish. This makes for a slightly stiffer bristle.
•
Check the bristle ends. A good brush will have split ends (just like a split hair).
•
Watch for the way the bristles have been cut or chiseled. This will determine how
well the brush will smooth the varnish as well as how well it will draw the air from the
finish.
•
It is difficult to determine how the bristles have been set. Epoxy is normal, vulcanized
rubber is great.
•
Ensure that the ferule (metal part) is well put together. Hopefully, the material used is
stainless.
•
If the brush has passed the test so far, chances are the handle is hardwood. At the
very least, the quality of the handle will be a good indicator as to the standard used
in constructing the rest of the brush.
New brushes are very dirty! Take some time to break in a new brush. Use it and clean it
out several times with mineral spirits. Keep in mind it may take many sessions to really
get it clean. We have brushes that are reserved for final coat only. We still spend up to
an hour cleaning a brush prior to a final coat. Sit in front of the TV and flick the bristles
back and forth. In front of a bright light, you will be amazed at what will come out of it.
The best way to store a good brush is to keep it wet, suspended in diesel fuel or
kerosene. Yes, diesel. Nothing works better as far as we are concerned. Diesel is oily
enough to keep the bristles nice and soft while still having enough cutting capability to
keep the brush clean. We have a brush that is easily sixteen years old. Prior to
varnishing, clean the diesel from the brush with mineral spirits, rinsing and spinning
several times. Once done repeat the process. Your brush will be as happy as can be in a
diesel or kerosene bath. Change the diesel once or twice a year.
Question:
Why do varnish manufacturers recommend thinning?
Answer:
Proper thinning of the varnish is very important. If you apply the first coat of varnish full
strength, the entire varnish system will adhere to a coat that is sitting on top of the wood.
Not good. Therefore, significant thinning (50% or 1/2 & 1/2) of the first coat is very
important. A very thin "sealer" coat will give maximum penetration and good grip for the
subsequent system. It is quite normal for a manufacturer to recommend a thinning of the
first few coats progressively building to full strength.
Applying varnish over stained wood can cause particular adhesion problems. If filler
stain has been used, the aggregate in the stain can block the penetration of even very
thin varnish. In some cases, it is advisable to rub in the first coat of thinned varnish as
you would stain to ensure that the material penetrates properly.
Once the sealer coats have been applied, varnish should be used full strength. If the
varnish is not flowing well or it feels "brushy" possibly due to weather conditions, small
amounts (usually 5% or so) of thinner can be added to make it a bit more user friendly.
Check with the manufacturer of whatever varnish you happen to be using. There are
great additives available to help you through tougher conditions. Make sure that you
follow the manufacturers instructions carefully. Concocting your own blend can lead to
greater problems down the road. As an example, adding too much accelerator or "Jap
dryer" can create a harder, less flexible finish. This can greatly reduce the overall life of
your finish.
Question:
I am experiencing air bubbles drying in my varnish.
Answer:
We will bet that what you are experiencing is dust. Dust and/or lint particles that dry in
the varnish can form tiny craters that can certainly look like air bubbles. It is very rare for
air to dry in a coat of varnish. Let's try to figure out where this dust might be coming
from. If the coat looks great upon completion but several hours’ later looks as if someone
has taken a saltshaker to your boat, then the dust problem is most likely airborne. If the
dust occurs right away, brushes and the initial cleanliness of the surface are more likely
to be the culprits.
Here are a few, sometimes overlooked, sources of dust;
•
Although your brush may appear clean, try flicking the bristles in front of a bright
lamp. You will be amazed at what comes out of it. Turn on the TV and be patient. It
can take an hour. Do not assume that a new brush is clean, new brushes are
particularly dusty.
•
•
•
•
Be aware of what is happening overhead, it may be that your basement ceiling is
shedding dust each time someone crosses the room upstairs.
Fluorescent lights will act as a dust magnet until the moment you turn them off.
Check your clothing. Wear dampened Tyvek coveralls.
Mask or temporarily seal all screw holes. Your brush will certainly pull out whatever
is hiding in those holes.
We know a painter that varnishes in the nude listening to Vivaldi. Hey, whatever works.
Question:
I recently purchased a 15' pre-war Century Utility that has been out of
the water for at least two years. After stripping and sanding the hull,
the stain and two sealer coats have been applied. What danger, if any,
is there of the varnish cracking once the boat is re-hydrated? How many
coats of varnish would you suggest that I apply? Also, is the quality of
varnish I use a factor?
Answer:
It sounds like you are doing everything right so far. Assuming that you are using better
quality varnish (more flexibility) there really is no danger of the finish “cracking” once
back in the water. However, what will happen if you apply the entire system now is that
the varnish will be squeezed from between the planks as they swell forming a hard ridge.
There is nothing wrong with this from an integrity point of view, however it is unsightly.
Resolve the problem using the following procedure: In order to protect the boat from
shop wear, insure that several sealer coats have been applied. Slowly increase the
moisture content of the wood back to normal. This can be accomplished by draping the
boat in plastic and running a couple of vaporizers or, lay down a bed of wet sawdust.
Here is something else to keep in mind, if the decks are caulked, the seams will become
proud if they are laid now rather than after the boat has adjusted to “normal”. This can
pose a greater problem. Any major change in the expansion or contraction of the decks
may result in the seams parting company with the planks causing them to leak. Once the
wood has normalized, continue with the varnish system. Seven to ten coats in total
should bring the boat to show quality finish.
As mentioned above, the quality of the varnish certainly plays an important factor in any
job. Very basically, varnish is oil, resin, solvent and a few additives that help the product
dry, and repel U.V. etc. The lesser quality the varnish, the more solvent (cheapest
ingredient) there will likely be. The quality and quantity of oils and resins will determine
the weather resistance and longevity of the finish. Generally, better quality oils and
resins provide a more flexible finish that has the ability to expand and contract with a
piece of wood that is constantly on the move. In conclusion, look for varnishes that
contain better quality oils like Tung Oil and a higher solids content.
Question:
To what extent if any, does climate play a role in the life expectancy of a boat's finish
and/or the life of the boat itself? i.e. the cold northern climate vs. the hot, humid south vs.
the dryness of the west. Should boats in different regions have different numbers of
varnish coats for additional protection?
Answer:
Climate certainly plays an important role in the life expectancy of a boat's finish. Let's
take a fictitious boat and move it around. We'll say an 18 foot mahogany planked
runabout, with painted topsides and varnished decks and interior. First scenario will be in
the mixed climate of the northeast or northwest. This can sometimes be the hardest
climate to deal with, hot in the summer, cold in the winter and everything else in
between. Heat and cold, naturally, causes expansion and contraction. Alone, this is not a
terrible thing; a good quality varnish or alkyd enamel finish will have the ability to take up
that movement. However, introduce moisture and UV and you have more to contend
with. If the boat sees consistent exposure over the summer months, even if that means a
season of 4 months, expect to apply one to two coats of varnish annually. The painted
surfaces will last years before requiring a maintenance coat unless, they are showing
signs of normal wear and tear like fender scratches etc. Then it simply becomes an
appearance issue. If however, that same boat is kept in a covered boathouse or,
trailered and kept in a garage when not being used, expect a coat of varnish every 3-5
years! Exposure to the sun makes all of the difference in most cases. Now, during the
winter, if the boat is stored outdoors and covered with a tarp, expect to see damage to
either the painted or varnished surfaces. Damage as in lifting or pealing at the joints.
This will be caused primarily by moisture, not necessarily the cold. If the same boat is
stored in unheated indoor space, there will be little or no deterioration. If we take the
same boat and move it south, take the moisture out of the scenario and add mega doses
of UV. Once again, if exposed to the sun all summer long; expect 2-4 coats of varnish
annually. Covered, maybe 1-2 coats every couple of years. Winter is not as big an issue
because it is a moderate extension of the summer. Imagine the varnish is hand cream,
every once in a while, depending on the sun and exposure, your surfaces need to be
replenished and moisturized. Fresh coats of varnish accomplish the same thing.
Generally, a varnish system should be 7-8 coats. If in the south, or exposed to lots of
UV, step that up by two coats. In conclusion, protection from direct exposure to ultra
violet and excessive moisture will ensure best success.
Question:
Could you explain the differences between varnishes that require sanding between coats
and those that don't require sanding? Is there a difference in life expectancy between the
two? Also, what is the effective shelf life of varnish? Does storage temperature play a
roll?
Answer:
There are many, many varnishes; clear finishes and hybrid clear coatings on the market
today. Most manufacturers have made some attempt in various directions in order to
create an easier, faster, longer lasting finish. Unfortunately, we can only comment in any
detail on our own products. For obvious reasons, it would be unfair to do otherwise.
Twelve years ago, Epifanes produced a finish very similar to our Clear High Gloss
Varnish, called Wood Finish Gloss. It is a tung oil, alkyd resin based finish just like our
varnish however, it does contain ingredients not normally found in traditional varnishes
producing one significant difference. Wood Finish does not require sanding between
coats provided the next coat is applied within a 72-hour period. This feature has an
obvious effect on the amount of labor and time required to build a finish from bare wood.
Sanding is optional. Wood Finish changes the focus of sanding completely. You are no
longer sanding for adhesion but appearance only. Are you sacrificing any integrity by
using this product? At this point in time no. However, having said that, we are
recommending top coating this product with our varnish for the ultimate in performance.
We have 97 years experience with our Clear High Gloss Varnish and only twelve years
with the Woodfinish. Time will tell.
Unopened varnish has virtually no shelf life. We have opened five-year-old varnish that
has been perfectly good. The oils and resins may change color and consistency slightly
but essentially the product should be fine. Once opened however, the life of the varnish
will be greatly reduced. Each time it is opened, a portion of the solvent evaporates
leaving a thicker mixture more prone to solidifying. Store the container upside down,
reduce the air space, and keep the varnish cool. I have more problems keeping varnish
in Florida than Maine. The temperature plays a major roll. Store in a cool area of the
basement.
Question:
I am having trouble getting successive coats of varnish to smooth out on my boat. What
level or grit of sandpaper should I use in between each coat and how hard or how much
should I sand the previous coat in order for the next coat to lay up smoothly?
Answer:
The purpose of sanding is to create a mechanical bond, or “tooth”, between two layers of
finish. In addition, sanding also flattens the surface creating a smoother surface and
improving the appearance of the subsequent coat. Please keep in mind that the purpose
of varnish or any other coating is to protect a piece of wood. Don’t lose sight of this. Over
sanding for the sake of appearance may result in a thin finish with little or no protection.
Mil thickness is everything in a varnish system. Let’s start at the beginning. Bare wood
should normally be prepared to approximately 100 or 120 grit. Anything much finer than
this will not create adequate adhesion for that ever so important first coat. Dry paper of
about 220 grit should come next to help knock off the raised grain after the first few
coats. Once the grain fills and closes, switch to 320 wet or dry. 320 will offer enough
adhesion without taking off too much varnish. Stick with 320 right through until the end. If
you are using a heavy body varnish, 320 sanding scratches should not show through.
Switching to 400 somewhere prior to your final coat is a good idea but, not essential.
Anything finer than 400 grit will not offer enough adhesion. Thorough sanding is
important.
In answer to your question, if you are looking for a “show quality” finish, it is essential
that the finish is “dead flat”. This can only be accomplished with serious block sanding.
In most cases, this style of sanding will remove more varnish than is necessary but does
produce the “mirror finish that goes on forever” look. Just be aware of this. Chances are
that your edges and possibly, the whole system will be thin. It takes extra care and
usually extra coats to produce this type of finish.
Our best suggestion is to work towards something in between a “show quality” and a
“utility finish”. This will produce a better than acceptable finish that will have lots of
staying power. We would rather see a not so smooth finish with occasional sags than a
too thin finish that has been sanded to death.
Question:
My 1956 17’ Chris-Craft Sportsman rubbed up against the dock during some rough
weather and the varnish has been badly scratched in a couple of isolated places. The
scratches didn’t damage the stain or gouge the wood. Is there a way to patch or
“feather” the damaged sections or do I need to revarnish the whole side?
Answer:
To answer your question, we will assume that a single-part varnish or something similar
was used on the boat. Two-part finishes due to their nature, are quite difficult to repair.
Most boats similar to yours are finished with one-part so, hopefully we are making a safe
assumption.
It is good that the stain has not been affected. Touching up stain is possible but it is
more difficult to match the color. Any varnish exposed to UV will change color. Therefore
expect a little color difference when touching up the varnish. Once the new repaired area
is exposed to the sun, it will eventually blend in on its own. Essentially, the damaged
area needs to be lightly roughed up and built back up again with varnish. Be careful at
this stage, as you are likely very close to the stain. Sanding through the stain will only
create more problems. Start with a thin coat and slowly build back up again to a level
consistent with the rest of the finish. Once achieved and if realistic, sand the whole area
and apply a fresh coat to all.
If the edges of the damaged area are nice and clean, it is best to fill the affected area
with varnish using a very small brush and being very careful with the paper. If however,
the damaged area is uneven and jagged, consider the following: Free handing the area
with a brush will only produce a “repaired” looking patch. We mask an area larger than
the damaged spot with a pattern that suits the patch i.e. a diamond, triangular or
rectangular shape. This will give you a nice section to work within and will produce a
patch with clean, crisp lines. This is much more professional looking. As well, there is no
chance of any loss of integrity where the damage meets the existing area.
It is good practice to keep a small bottle, similar to a nail polish bottle with the brush built
into the cap, on board and filled with varnish for emergency repairs where bare wood
may be exposed.
Question:
Can you explain the differences in terms of durability, longevity & appearance between
one-part and two-part varnishes?
Answer:
It all depends on the application. One should always match the product and its
characteristics to the job.
First off, let’s compare the basic make-up between the two. Single-part products are
generally more traditional in their formulation. They contain natural oils like Tung or
Linseed balanced with alkyd and/or Phenolic resins as an example. These products rely
on exposure to the air to dry. Two-parts however, are more synthetic (polyesters for
example) and rely on the second part or, the “catalyst” to chemically cure the product.
Each produces a very different type of coating.
Let’s take appearance. If they are quality products, there will be little or no difference
between a high gloss one-part and a high gloss two-part clear finish. The degree of
gloss will be comparable. However, having said that, generally a two-part synthetic finish
will be water clear where as a more traditional one-part will have more of an amber tone
to it due to the natural oils. This difference may give you a slight edge when varnishing
very light woods like ash or oak if retaining the lightness is an issue. Beyond that, there
will be no discernable difference.
One-parts are generally softer and more flexible compared with a harder, more scratch
resistant two-part. On an exterior piece of wood that is constantly expanding and
contracting with the weather, a softer more flexible finish is desirable whereas, on an
interior cabin sole or saloon table where scratch resistance would be a real plus, the
harder two-part would be a better choice. The flexibility in an exterior finish is extremely
important for longevity. Once a finish loses its flexibility and becomes brittle, that is when
the film begins to break down. Two-parts are certainly used on exterior applications as
well however. They certainly give relief over short-term maintenance (hard finish etc.)
but we do believe that single-part finishes will outlast them over the long haul, as in 10
plus years. That is when you really see the difference. In addition, two-parts are more
difficult to repair and remove than one-parts.
There are also single part finishes that are formulated to be to harder than normal.
These contain urethane (harder) resins but still rely on air dry. They can be a great
compromise and suitable for many applications where a two-part is too difficult or
unrealistic to use.
In conclusion, there is very little difference in the appearance between the two. Twoparts being a harder finish, will hold up better and longer on high wear areas but, may
not last as long as a one-part in other areas like exterior wood. Single-parts have the
ability to offer a compromise in a finish that is harder than some single-parts, but not as
hard as a two-part.
People are experimenting all of the time. We regularly hear of two-parts being applied
over a build-up of single-part or vice versa. These combinations may or may not work
any better (or worse) than a specified system. As we have often said in the past;
“whatever works”.
Question:
Is there any advantage to warming or heating varnish prior to its application or does it
depend on how it is applied i.e. brushing, spraying, rolling etc. Also, if using a brush, how
much varnish should be put on it before applying it to the surface.?
Answer:
We have about the same number of calls from finishers that chill their varnish prior to
use and those that warm the varnish prior to use. Both claim that the varnish works
better. Go figure. When varnish is heated, it thins out. Generally, a warmer, thinner
varnish will flow out better, particularly in a colder temperature. However, keep in mind
that the solvent evaporates as the varnish is heated, therefore it may accelerate the
drying time to the point of working against you. There is a danger in applying too thick a
coat. This could result in wrinkling. This is less likely in a spray application where the
coats are normally thinner. Solvent is added so that you can brush it comfortably. Take
that away and it may be harder to brush. On the other hand, cooling the varnish may
stiffen it to the point of not flowing out well enough but it may give you an edge in hotter
climates. We are firm believers in “whatever works”.
Everyone has heard how varnish should be “laid on” and not brushed. There is much
truth to this. The more that you wave a brush full of varnish around, the more solvent is
evaporated and the stiffer the product will become. Varnish is most successful if applied
then ignored. Just let the varnish do its thing. As for quantity, on horizontal surfaces,
don’t be shy. You can be quite generous without applying too much. Keep the brush wet
and reload when it starts to drag. On vertical surfaces there is a fine line between just
right and too much. Practice until you get it right.
One last point to ponder. Each manufacturer creates a formulation that is just right for
whatever they are trying to achieve. Varnishing is 95% technique. Changing the
formulation beyond the manufacturers specs. will only weaken the finish ultimately.
Spend more time on technique and less on additives, heating or chilling.
Question:
Could you explain under what conditions a varnish accelerator additive should be used
and, alternately, when a retarder additive is appropriate?
Answer:
Firstly, care should be taken when adding any kind of solvent or additive to any product.
Varnishes are made to strict formulations, and for a reason. Doctoring up a product to
suit ones self-may in fact be “weakening” or producing a lesser quality finish. Stick to the
guidelines and use products that are manufactured specifically for that product.
At Epifanes, we only make four additives for our single-part products. We make a high
quality, very pure mineral spirit for brush thinning, and a “hotter” solvent more suitable
for spray applications. In addition, we make a varnish accelerator and a varnish flow
enhancer. Both of these products are used very sparingly. Generally, 2% is all that is
necessary. Going beyond these percentages, may alter the formulation enough that they
will reduce the overall strength (which translates to longevity) of the product. As an
example, “accelerators” used in excess, will produce a harder, less flexible finish. This
reduces the overall length that the finish will last as exterior finishes rely on flexibility to
survive.
Having said all this, accelerators or retarders can give you an edge, which could make
life a little easier in your particular situation. An accelerator is generally used in colder
climates where a slightly faster dry time and a little more flow are desirable. The problem
when varnishing in cool conditions is that it takes such a long time for the varnish to dry
there is a greater danger of moisture entering the finish before it has a chance to dry. In
addition, varnish stiffens in cooler temperature. Accelerators will help.
On the other hand, varnishing in hotter climates can be a problem. The solvents in paint
or varnish evaporate so quickly, the product sets up before it has a chance to flow out.
Our Easy-flow gives the varnish a “silkier” more “creamier” feel. It can make varnishing a
real pleasure in conditions less than best.
Question:
I am restoring a 1950’s vintage Wavemaker Wolverine with mahogany decks. Should I
thin the first few coats of varnish before I apply them? If yes, what percentage of thinner
should I use for each coat?
Answer:
The first few coats of any varnish system are extremely important. The adhesion
between subsequent coats will only be as good as the bond between the wood and the
first coats. Epifanes Varnishes are loaded with solids. This means that thinning the first
few coats is that much more important. Extreme thinning at the beginning maximizes the
penetration into the wood and obviously, encourages good adhesion.. We generally
recommend thinning the first coat 50% (half & half), the second coat 25% and the third
coat 15%. This scenario becomes even more important if the wood has been stained.
The aggregate used in a filler stain can sometimes prevent the first coat of varnish from
penetrating the wood surface. The first thinned coat or, sealer coat, should be forced or
worked into the surface with a good brush or clean cloth.
Question:
I've heard about a varnish that doesn't need to be sanded
in between coats if successive coats are applied within a certain time.
The question is, how would you correct 'mistakes' i.e. drools, sags,
etc. before applying the next coat or is it a product primarily for pros
only?
Answer:
You may be referring to one of our own vanishes, Woodfinish Gloss. It is the only one
that we are aware of with these characteristics. Basically, the Woodfinish Gloss can be
recoated without sanding provided the next coat is applied within a 72 hour period. Once
you go beyond that 3-day window, you must sand as you would conventional varnish.
Now firstly, the real advantage is the savings in time and labor. Secondly, because you
are not sanding between coats, the build-up is much greater and much quicker.
Woodfinish changes the focus from sanding for adhesion to sanding for appearance.
This leads us to your concern regarding sags and runs etc. Runs make us happy. At
least we know the varnisher is getting good mil thickness. We would rather see runs
than holidays. Unless the sags are excessive, most imperfections can be dealt with prior
to the last couple of coats. If extreme, deal with them individually at the time. Either way,
remember you are only sanding for appearance therefore, you only have to sand the
areas that really count.
Woodfinish Gloss is designed for anyone to use. It is an easier, quicker product for the
individual boat owner to use without sacrificing any integrity. The quality of the finish is
exceptional. For the professional, the savings in labor, and what that translates too is
exceptional.
Question:
I would like to know still more about your WoodFinish product.
It is fascinating that the majority of the sanding process can be
eliminated. Please explain the differences in properties between the
WoodFinish and regular Epifanes varnish in terms of flowing
capabilities, setup times, etc. Also, please explain what a 'holiday' is
as it applies to varnishing.
Answer:
Our Epifanes Woodfinish Gloss is indeed a great product. Although the make-up of the
Woodfinish is essentially the same as our High Gloss Varnish, we hesitate to call it a
varnish. The Woodfinish contains ingredients not normally found in a true varnish. The
film remains microscopically porous for a period of time enabling good adhesion during
that 72 hour “window”. Varnishing beyond the window necessitates sanding as usual.
Sanding is optional at any time of course and at some point during the process you may
choose to sand anyway. Keep in mind that the focus of sanding has been changed from
sanding for adhesion, to sanding for appearance. This makes for a huge difference in
labor savings. Woodfinish is particularly good during build-ups over stained mahogany.
It enables you to build up without the danger of sanding through the stain.
The differences between the two really stop there. we can barely notice any difference in
the application characteristics. The gloss, flowing characteristics, dry time etc. is so very
close as to be indiscernible. Sometimes, I feel that the varnish has a little more sparkle
than the Woodfinish but, again, they are too close to be certain.
Holidays are simply “missed” or “dry” spots.
Question :
For sanding purposes, what is the effective drying or “cure” time in between coats of
varnish or does it vary depending on the relative temperature?
Answer:
Manufacturers publish a theoretical “dry time” based on a predetermined temperature
and humidity level. Certainly, if the conditions are beyond these levels in either direction,
the dry time will be effective. Generally speaking, a single-part paint or varnish is safe to
sand after 24 hours. This will ensure that the finish is hard enough to withstand the
abuse of a good sanding. This does not necessarily mean that the material will be easy
to sand or, that the sandpaper will not clog. Better quality varnishes will contain more oil
and therefore, will simply take longer to really cure.
Question:
For the last two or three coats of varnish, how 'fine'
should the sandpaper be and would you suggest that the last coat be
thinned or not?
Answer:
400 grit wet or dry is the absolute finest grit that we would ever recommend. In fact, I
usually lean towards 320 grit. Anything finer than 400 grit does not create enough “tooth”
or mechanical bond to ensure adhesion.
Thinning the final coat is the applicators decision entirely. If you have been building with
full strength (my preference) and the varnish has been laying down o.k. then by all
means continue with full strength. If however, you are having problems keeping a wet
edge or, it is just not behaving, then consider a splash or two of brushing thinner. Only a
large dose of thinner (15% or more) will affect the ultimate strength and quality of the
finish.
Question:
I have read in a number of places over the years about a varnished
finish that is either hand-rubbed or has a hand-rubbed effect or look to
it. Could you explain what that means? Is it a special procedure and, if
so, how is it accomplished?
Answer:
In the old days, the only way to obtain anything except a high gloss finish in a varnish
was to “rub it by hand”. Obviously, it was a labor intensive, time-consuming procedure.
These days, we can reproduce that look in a single (or two-part) part finish right out of
the can. “Rubbed Effect” varnish describes the degree of gloss. Somewhere between a
semi gloss, satin or eggshell finish. This degree of gloss is perfect for an interior
although it is sometimes used in exterior applications. Rubbed Effect Finishes are
generally quick to dry, and easier to maintain. Our Rubbed Effect Varnish contains
urethane resins which produce a harder , more scratch resistant finish.
We recommend building up from bare wood with a gloss finish and topcoating with the
Rubbed Effect, simply for the effect. This accomplishes two things. Gloss finishes are
more weather resistant and offer better protection against UV and weather. Building up
with 3-4 coats of this before the Rubbed Effect will maximize protection. Secondly, the
build-up of gloss gives the overall appearance of the finish more depth and clarity.
Epifanes does manufacture a version of Rubbed Effect called Woodfinish Matte. This is
one of the only “Rubbed Effect” finishes containing U.V. filters. This addition makes it
very suitable for exterior use. It is often used on the inside of Canoes and Kayaks where
a non-glare finish is desired.
Question:
Earlier, you made a comment that you personally prefer to
build successive coats on a boat using unthinned or full strength
varnish. This seems to "fly in the face" of what we have heard for years
about the necessity of 'ramping up' coats using decreasing percentages
of thinned varnish. I like the sound of using unthinned builder coats
but, what accounts for the difference in methods?
Answer:
As you know, mil thickness is everything in a Clear Finish. However, in order to ensure
adhesion, it is very important to apply the first several coats thinned. In most cases, we
recommend thinning the first coat ½ and ½ or 50%. This results in maximum adhesion
giving subsequent coats something to really “hang” on to. The second coat should be
thinned 25% and the third, 15%. Once these sealer coats have been applied, it is time to
really pour on the varnish and concentrate on building some mil thickness. This can be
accomplished full strength or, thinned up to 5% if you are having a tough time due to
weather or conditions.
Question:
For those of us who are not professionals and only varnish occasionally, can you
elaborate on the various acceptable methods of cleaning and storing brushes in between
uses? Also, what is the qualitative difference between Badger hairbrushes and Chinese
Bristle brushes?
Answer:
When it comes to cleaning and storing brushes, we are stuck on one method that works
very well for us. We have tried many methods, none with any degree of success,
especially over the long term. Most methods of course, work great over the short period
but, it’ months or years later that really tells the tale in our opinion. This is how we
recommend cleaning and storing a natural bristle brush: First, find yourself a container
that is impervious to solvents (polyethylene works good). Epifanes manufactures a
Brushkeeper specifically for this purpose. The container should be tall enough for your
biggest brush and wide enough for your collection. Devise a rack system (ie. coat
hanger) that will hang your brushes suspended just clear of the bottom. Fill the container
with Diesel (yes, Diesel) or Kerosene until the ferule (the metal part) is halfway
submerged. This will ensure that the bristles are “underwater”. This is where they will
live. When it comes time to use the brush, simply rinse out the diesel two or three times
with common mineral spirit, spin and use. After use, repeat with two or three rinsings, a
spin and back in the diesel. This method will keep your brushes clean and supple for
years. we have 15-year-old brushes that are in great shape. The diesel has enough
cutting capability to keep the varnish from clogging up the bristles but, is oily enough to
keep the bristles soft.
Most brushes these days are Natural or Chinese bristle. Occasionally you will come
across a Badger Bristle brush. Have a close look however, as some of the “Badger”
bristle brushes are Chinese bristle that have been bleached with the “stripe” to look like
Badger. These are called “Badger Style”. Read the fine print. Chinese bristle is a stiffer
and longer lasting bristle and our choice for high solid paints and varnishes. They will
outlast a Badger bristle by years. Beyond this, it comes down to personal preference.
Question:
I just purchased a 1956, 16' Century Resorter. How can I tell if it needs to be refinished
or, just have fresh coats of varnish applied?
Answer:
There are several things to consider when analyzing the condition of an existing finish. If
you have just purchased a boat, hopefully at a great price, chances are that it is due for
a complete refinish. However, having said that, you might be lucky and have found a
boat that has intact varnish and only needs freshening up.
First, visually examine all of the varnish. Look for discoloration, lifting, peeling or
cracking. If this is the case in any area, strip it! If the problem is isolated, at the very
least, strip that section. Any deterioration like this means that the varnish has "parted
company" with the wood. When this occurs, it doesn't matter how much fresh varnish is
applied, the finish is not and will not adhere to the wood. Pay attention to the decks
where the seams may be caulked. If these seams show any cracking, this can lead to
water damage below decks and will need to be stripped and recaulked.
If the finish appears intact but "tired", it may be worth hanging on to the varnish for a few
more years or more. There is certainly value in an older finish especially, if it is original.
Wood and varnish changes color with age. The patina that develops with time is
impossible to duplicate. If the finish appears good but you are still having doubts,
generously dampen a rag with mineral spirits and wipe the surface. This will simulate (for
a few seconds) what the finish will look like with a fresh coat. If you like what you see,
then you can likely get away with a few fresh maintenance coats.
Whether the finish needs to be replaced or not, now is the time to remove hardware.
Carefully identify each piece as it's removed using tape Select a type that will not be
difficult to remove at a later date, and label using a system that you will understand.
Keep in mind that you may not be replacing hardware until the following season so mark
it well. You might be amazed at how foreign a piece of hardware may look come Spring.
Also, tape the screws to the piece of hardware.
Now you can really stand back and have a good look. This is an exciting stage. Enjoy
every aspect of it.
CHAPTER SEVEN
U.S. A. PRICELIST
4 Pages
CHAPTER EIGHT
CANADA PRICELIST
3 Pages
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Related manuals

Download PDF

advertisement