Switching Thyristors Qxx12xHx Series Datasheet
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Qxx12xHx Series
RoHS ®
Description
12 Amp bi-directional solid state switch series is designed
for AC switching and phase control applications such as
motor speed and temperature modulation controls, lighting
controls, and static switching relays.
Alternistor type devices only operate in quadrants I, II, & III
and are used in circuits requiring high dv/dt capability.
Features & Benefits
• RoHS Compliant
contact bounce that
create voltage transients
• Glass – passivated
junctions
• Voltage capability up to
1000 V
Agency Approval
Agency
Agency File Number
• Surge capability up to
120 A
L Package: E71639
®
• Electrically isolated
“L-Package” is UL
recognized for 2500Vrms
Main Features
Symbol
IT(RMS)
VDRM /VRRM
IGT (Q1)
Value
Unit
12
A
400 to 1000
V
10 to 50
mA
• Solid-state switching
eliminates arcing or
• No contacts to wear
out from reaction of
switching events
• Restricted (or limited) RFI
generation, depending
on activation point sine
wave
• Requires only a small
gate activation pulse in
each half-cycle
Applications
Excellent for AC switching and phase control applications
such as heating, lighting, and motor speed controls.
Typical applications are AC solid-state switches, light
dimmers, power tools, lawn care equipment, home/brown
goods and white goods appliances.
Schematic Symbol
MT2
MT1
G
Alternistor Triacs (no snubber required) are used in
applications with extremely inductive loads requiring
highest commutation performance.
Internally constructed isolated packages are offered for
ease of heat sinking with highest isolation voltage.
Additional Information
Datasheet
Resources
Samples
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Absolute Maximum Ratings — Alternistor (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
Parameter
Value
Unit
12
A
Qxx12LHy
RMS on-state current (full sine wave)
TC = 90°C
Qxx12RHy
Qxx12NHy
TC = 105°C
ITSM
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
f = 50 Hz
t = 20 ms
110
f = 60 Hz
t = 16.7 ms
120
I2t
I2t Value for fusing
tp = 8.3 ms
60
A2s
IT(RMS)
A
Critical rate of rise of on-state current
f = 120 Hz
TJ = 125°C
70
A/μs
IGTM
Peak gate trigger current
tp ≤ 10 μs;
IGT ≤ IGTM
TJ = 125°C
2.0
A
PG(AV)
Average gate power dissipation
di/dt
0.5
W
Tstg
Storage temperature range
-40 to 150
°C
TJ
Operating junction temperature range
-40 to 125
°C
TJ = 125°C
Note: xx = voltage, y = sensitivity
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) — Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
IGT
Test Conditions
Quadrant
VD = 12V RL = 60 Ω
VGT
VGD
VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 125°C
IH
IT = 100mA
Qxx12xH5
Unit
MAX.
10
50
mA
I – II – III
MAX.
1.3
1.3
V
MIN.
0.2
0.2
V
MAX.
15
50
mA
400V
300
750
600V
200
650
150
500
I – II – III
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 125°C
dv/dt
Qxx12xH2
I – II – III
800V
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 100°C
MIN.
1000V
V/μs
150
300
(dv/dt)c
(di/dt)c = 6.5 A/ms TJ = 125°C
MIN.
2
30
V/μs
tgt
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15μs IT = 17.0 A(pk)
TYP.
4
4
μs
Value
Unit
1.60
V
10
μA
Static Characteristics
Symbol
Test Conditions
ITM = 17.0A tp = 380 µs
VTM
IDRM
IRRM
VD = VDRM / VRRM
MAX.
TJ = 25°C
400-1000V
TJ = 125°C
400-800V
TJ = 100°C
1000V
MAX.
2
mA
3
Thermal Resistances
Symbol
Parameter
Rθ(J-C)
Junction to case (AC)
Rθ(J-A)
Junction to ambient (AC)
ote: xx = voltage, y = sensitivity
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Value
Qxx12RHy
Qxx12NHy
Qxx12LHy
Qxx12RHy
Qxx12LHy
1.2
2.3
45
90
Unit
°C/W
°C/W
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Figure 2: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Current for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 1: Definition of Quadrants
ALL POLARITIES ARE REFERENCED TO MT1
MT2
(-)
+
IGT
GATE
(+)
MT2
IGT
GATE
MT1
MT1
REF
-
IGT
REF
QII QI
QIII QIV
MT2
(-)
IGT
GATE
(+)
MT1
REF
4.0
Ratio of IGT / IGT (TJ = 25 ºC)
MT2 POSITIVE
(Positive Half Cycle)
+
IGT
MT2
3.0
2.0
1.0
IGT
GATE
0.0
MT1
-
MT2 NEGATIVE
(Negative Half Cycle)
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
110
Junction Temperature (TJ) - C
REF
Note: Alternistors will not operate in QIV
Figure 3: Normalized DC Holding Current vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 4: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Voltage for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
2.0
Ratio of VGT / VGT(TJ = 25ºC)
Ratio of IH / IH (TJ = 25ºC)
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
110
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
-65
-40
-15
Junction Temperature (TJ) - ºC
Figure 5: Power Dissipation (Typical)
vs. RMS On-State Current
35
60
85
110
Figure 6: Maximum
Allowable Case Temperature
vs. On-State Current
130
14
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360°
12
Maximum Allowable Case Temperature
(TC) - °C
Average On-State Power Dissipation
[PD(AV)] -- Watts
10
Junction Temperature (TJ) - ºC
Qxx12RH5
Qxx12NH5
120
10
110
8
100
6
4
2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] -- Amps
12
14
Qxx12LH5
90
80
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360°
70
60
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - Amps
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Figure 7: Maximum Allowable Ambient Temperature
vs. On-State Current
Figure 8: On-State
Current vs. On-State Voltage
(Typical)
20
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360
FREE AIR RATING - No HEAT SINK
110
100
Positive or Negative Instantaneous
On-State Current (IT) - AMPS
Max Allowable Ambient Temperature
(TA) - ºC
120
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
18
TC = 25ºC
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0.7
0.
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
Positive or Negative Instantaneous On-State Voltage
(VT) - Volts
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
Figure 9: Surge Peak On-State Current vs. Number of Cycles
Peak Surge (Non-Repetitive On-State Current
(ITSM) - AMPS
1000
Supply Frequency: 60Hz Sinusoidal
Load: Resistive
RMS On-State Current [I T(RMS) : Maximum]
Rated Value at Specific Case Temperature
100
Notes:
1. G
ate control may be lost during and immediately
following surge current interval.
2. Overload may not be repeated until junction
temperature has returned to steady-state
rated value.
10
1
1
10
100
Surge Current Duration - Full Cycles
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
1000
1.4
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Soldering Parameters
Pb – Free assembly
Pre Heat
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))
150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))
200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 180 secs
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus Temp)
(TL) to peak
5°C/second max
TS(max) to TL - Ramp-up Rate
5°C/second max
Reflow
- Temperature (TL) (Liquidus)
217°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 150 seconds
Peak Temperature (TP)
260+0/-5 °C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)
20 – 40 seconds
Ramp-down Rate
5°C/second max
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)
8 minutes Max.
Do not exceed
280°C
Physical Specifications
Terminal Finish
100% Matte Tin-plated
Body Material
UL recognized epoxy meeting flammability
classification 94V-0
Terminal Material
Copper Alloy
tP
TP
Temperature
Reflow Condition
Ramp-up
TL
tL
TS(max)
Preheat
TS(min)
25
Ramp-do
Ramp-down
tS
time to peak temperature
Time
Environmental Specifications
Test
AC Blocking
Temperature Cycling
Temperature/
Humidity
Design Considerations
High Temp Storage
Careful selection of the correct device for the application’s
operating parameters and environment will go a long way
toward extending the operating life of the Thyristor. Good
design practice should limit the maximum continuous
current through the main terminals to 75% of the device
rating. Other ways to ensure long life for a power discrete
semiconductor are proper heat sinking and selection of
voltage ratings for worst case conditions. Overheating,
overvoltage (including dv/dt), and surge currents are
the main killers of semiconductors. Correct mounting,
soldering, and forming of the leads also help protect
against component damage.
Low-Temp Storage
Thermal Shock
Autoclave
Specifications and Conditions
MIL-STD-750, M-1040, Cond A Applied
Peak AC voltage @ 125°C for 1008 hours
MIL-STD-750, M-1051,
100 cycles; -40°C to +150°C; 15-min
dwell time
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A101
1008 hours; 320V - DC: 85°C; 85%
rel humidity
MIL-STD-750, M-1031,
1008 hours; 150°C
1008 hours; -40°C
MIL-STD-750, M-1056
10 cycles; 0°C to 100°C; 5-min dwell
time at each temperature; 10 sec (max)
transfer time between temperature
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A102
168 hours (121°C at 2 ATMs) and
100% R/H
Resistance to
Solder Heat
MIL-STD-750 Method 2031
Solderability
ANSI/J-STD-002, category 3, Test A
Lead Bend
MIL-STD-750, M-2036 Cond E
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Dimensions — TO-220AB (R-Package) — Non-Isolated Mounting Tab Common with Center Lead
AREA (REF.) 0.17 IN2
TC MEASURING POINT
O
A
Ø E
Dimension
8.13
.320
P
MT2
B
C
13.36
.526
D
7.01
.276
NOTCH IN
GATE LEAD
TO ID.
NON-ISOLATED
TAB
F
R
G
L
H
N
K
J
M
MT1 MT2 GATE
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
Inches
Millimeters
Min
Max
Min
Max
A
0.380
B
0.105
0.420
9.65
10.67
0.115
2.67
2.92
C
0.230
0.250
5.84
6.35
D
0.590
0.620
14.99
15.75
E
0.142
0.147
3.61
3.73
F
0.110
0.130
2.79
3.30
G
0.540
0.575
13.72
14.61
H
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
J
0.195
0.205
4.95
5.21
K
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
L
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
M
0.085
0.095
2.16
2.41
N
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
O
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
P
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
R
0.038
0.048
0.97
1.22
Dimensions — TO-220AB (L-Package) — Isolated Mounting Tab
TC MEASURING POINT
O
A
Ø E
P
AREA (REF.) 0.17 IN2
8.13
.320
Dimension
A
B
C
13.36
.526
D
7.01
.276
F
R
G
L
H
K
N
J
M
MT1 MT2 GATE
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
Inches
Millimeters
Min
Max
Min
Max
0.380
0.420
9.65
10.67
B
0.105
0.115
2.67
2.92
C
0.230
0.250
5.84
6.35
D
0.590
0.620
14.99
15.75
E
0.142
0.147
3.61
3.73
F
0.110
0.130
2.79
3.30
G
0.540
0.575
13.72
14.61
H
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
J
0.195
0.205
4.95
5.21
K
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
L
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
M
0.085
0.095
2.16
2.41
N
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
O
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
P
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
R
0.038
0.048
0.97
1.22
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
Dimensions — TO-263AB (N-Package) — D2Pak Surface Mount
TC MEASURING POINT
C
V
B
AREA: 0.11 IN2
7.01
.276
A
S
W
U
G
J
K
GATE
MT1
8.13
.320
H
D
F
1168
.460
2.16
.085
7.01
.276
7.01
.276
16.89
.665
8.89
.350
Inches
Dimension
E
MT2
1.40
.055
3.81
.150
2.03
.080
8.41
.331
Min
Millimeters
Max
Min
Max
A
0.360
0.370
9.14
9.40
B
0.380
0.420
9.65
10.67
C
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
D
0.025
0.035
0.64
0.89
E
0.045
0.060
1.14
1.52
F
0.060
0.075
1.52
1.91
G
0.095
0.105
2.41
2.67
H
0.092
0.102
2.34
2.59
J
0.018
0.024
0.46
0.61
K
0.090
0.110
2.29
2.79
S
0.590
0.625
14.99
15.88
V
0.035
0.045
0.89
1.14
U
0.002
0.010
0.05
0.25
W
0.040
0.070
1.02
1.78
6.60
.260
Product Selector
Part Number
Voltage
Gate Sensitivity Quadrants
1000V
Type
I – II – III
Package
400V
600V
800V
Qxx12LH2
X
X
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
Qxx12RH2
X
X
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
Qxx12NH2
X
X
X
10 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
Qxx12LH5
X
X
X
X
50 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220L
Qxx12RH5
X
X
X
X
50 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-220R
Qxx12NH5
X
X
X
X
50 mA
Alternistor Triac
TO-263 D²-PAK
Packing Options
Part Number
Marking
Weight
Packing Mode
Base Quantity
Qxx12L/RHy
Qxx12L/RHy
2.2 g
Bulk
500
Qxx12L/RHyTP
Qxx12L/RHy
2.2 g
Tube Pack
500 (50 per tube)
Qxx12NHyTP
Qxx12NHy
1.6 g
Tube
500 (50 per tube)
Qxx12NHyRP
Qxx12NHy
1.6 g
Embossed Carrier
500
Note: xx = Voltage; y = Sensitivity
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
12 Amp Alternistor (High Communitation) Triacs
TO-263 Embossed Carrier Reel Pack (RP)
Meets all EIA-481-2 Standards
0.63
(16.0)
0.157
(4.0)
0.059
DIA
(1.5)
0.945
(24.0)
0.827
(21.0)
Gate
MT1
*
* Cover tape
MT2
0.512 (13.0) Arbor
Hole Dia.
12.99
(330.0)
Dimensions
are in inches
(and millimeters).
1.01
(25.7)
Direction of Feed
Part Numbering System
Part Marking System
Q 60 12 L H5 56
DEVICE TYPE
Q: Alternistor
VOLTAGE RATING
40: 400V
60: 600V
80: 800V
K0: 1000V
CURRENT RATING
12: 12A
TO-220 AB - (L and R Package)
TO-263 AB - (N Package)
LEAD FORM DIMENSIONS
xx: Lead Form Option
SENSITIVITY & TYPE
H2: 10mA (QI, II, III)
H5: 50mA (QI, II, III)
Q6012RH5
YM
®
PACKAGE TYPE
L : TO-220 Isolated
R : TO-220 Non-Isolated
N : TO-263 (D2Pak)
Date Code Marking
Y:Year Code
M: Month Code
XXX: Lot Trace Code
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
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