Abit AX5 Specifications

Abit AX5 Specifications
Foreword
Foreword
Thank you for purchasing the AB-PX5/AX5/TX5 as the heart of your computer’s system.
We hope this instruction booklet will enable you to install PX5/AX5/TX5 in your system
safely and without any errors. Although you may be familiar with some of the concepts we
will explain, please read over them again to avoid any problems.
1.
The motherboard in most PCs use many connecting cables to connect peripherals to
the main unit. The important thing to remember is that these cables all have a
‘direction’. Later in the chapter, we will talk more about the definition of connecting
cables and the method of installation. Please pay special attention to our prompts.
Because we are using the exclusive ABIT SOFTMENU technology to modify the
motherboard , the jumper is not required anymore. We also use simple and easy to
understand software design to complete this task. Because of this, you can install
the motherboard directly into the system. However, we still suggest you first carry
out a simple test before you install the motherboard inside the computer.
2.
In this booklet, we will write out in full any new technical words we encounter for
the first time and use their contractions thereafter.
3.
If, when you are installing the CPU problems occur and there is no way to solve
them, we suggest you first clear the CMOS information (refer to Chapter 2). If you
still have problems, contact us.
4.
How to perform a simple basic test? It’s simple. Place the mother board on a flat
insulated surface (like the packaging the motherboard came in). Plug the CPU into
Part No:MN-096-2C1-41
Rev:1.21
the ZIF socket (if you are installing a fan, install it on top). Plug DRAM module in
and then plug the keyboard in. Plug in the electrical cord (ensure electrical supply is
turned off when doing this) and pay attention to polarity (refer to Chapter 2). Plug
in the display card and plug the 15 Pin D-Sub monitor signal connector into the
display card. Make sure the connections are correct and secure and then turn on the
power source for the monitor and then the main power supply. If a picture appears
on the monitor, congratulations, the basic test has been successful. Finally, good
luck with the complete installation.
Computers – Things to Know!
CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor)
Maybe you’ve heard of CMOS DATA quite a bit but have never seen it. What exactly is
CMOS? Is it important? Well, if it wasn’t important, you would never had heard of it.
CMOS basically stores or saves the parameters you assign the BIOS (Basic Input
Output System) with in memory. This memory or SRAM can be both read from and
written to but it needs battery power to avoid losing this information when the computer
is turned off. When the batteries go flat or you need to swap batteries, you may not
remember the parameters you set. To avoid this, we recommend you record these
parameters or stick them to your hard drive for easy reference.
Table of Contents
Foreword
Chapter 1
Introduction of AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
¬ AX5 ............................................................................................ 1-2
l Specifications......................................................................... 1-2
l Layout diagram...................................................................... 1-4
- PX5............................................................................................. 1-5
l Specifications......................................................................... 1-5
l Layout diagram...................................................................... 1-7
® TX5............................................................................................. 1-8
l Specifications......................................................................... 1-8
l Layout diagram.................................................................... 1-11
¯ System block diagram................................................................ 1-12
Chapter 2
Installing the Mainboard
¬ Installing the Mainboard to the Casing ......................................... 2-3
- Standard External Connectors...................................................... 2-4
® Jumpers and Switches................................................................ 2-12
¯ Presentation and Installation of the CPU .................................... 2-13
° Installing System Memory ¡i DRAM Memory ¡j ......... 2-16
Chapter 3
Introduction of BIOS
¬ CPU Setup ¡i CPU SOFT MENU™¡j ............................. 3-3
- Standard CMOS Setup Menu ...................................................... 3-9
® BIOS Features Setup Menu ....................................................... 3-11
¯ Chipset Features Setup Menu .................................................... 3-17
° Power Management Setup Menu ............................................... 3-19
± PCI & Onboard I/O Setup ......................................................... 3-23
² Load BIOS Defaults .................................................................. 3-28
Part No:MN-096-2C1-41
Rev:1.21
³ Load Setup Defaults .................................................................. 3-28
´ Password Setting ....................................................................... 3-29
µ IDE HDD Auto Detection ......................................................... 3-30
Appendix A Quick Installation
Appendix B Intel Pentium CPUs
Appendix C AMD-K5 CPUs
Appendix D Cyrix/IBM 6x86 CPUs
Appendix E General Discussion about HDD Installation
Appendix F
Technical Support
Appendix G Flash BIOS User Instructions
Appendix H How to install Ultra DMA/33 drive
Appendix I
How to install the PCI bridge driver for 430TX chipset
Introduction of AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
Chapter 1
1-1
Introduction of
AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
The AX5/PX5/TX5 have been especially designed for File server,
Workstation and Professional users.
It can support a wide range of
processors, including all Intel CPUs (P54C) and Intel CPUs with MMX (P55C),
as well as all AMD-K5/K6 and Cyrix 6x86/6x86L/6x86MX CPUs. It also takes
into account, as much as possible, all future CPUs.
The AX5/PX5/TX5 uses SOFT MENU™ technology, which means that
all the parameters can be configured without using DIP switches or jumpers.
The configuration is entirely achieved through a “Soft Switch” that allows the
user to set CPU speed and operating voltage with ease.
The AX5/PX5/TX5 uses Intel 430TX series chipsets, and has 512K Level2 Pipeline Burst SRAM on board.
168-pin DIMM ( Dual In-Line Memory Module ) slots and 72-pin SIMM
(Single In-Line Memory Module )slots meet the requirements for all memory
configurations required by high level computing.
The 168-pin DIMM slots
support traditional Fast Page and EDO ( Extended Data Out ) DRAM as a
memory standard for next generation 64-bit systems. The 168-pin DIMM slots
have been reserved to meet requirements for both present and future upgrades.
The AX5/PX5/TX5 also provides two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
and meets the Concurrent PCI ( Peripheral Component Interconnect ) Rev. 2.1
standard.
It also supports IDE interface for Fast HDD (Mode 0~4) and
Ultra DMA/33 ( Direct Memory Access ), as well as IDE Bus Master.
These features also meet present and future interface standards and needs.
System BIOS features include Plug-and-Play (PnP), Advanced
Configuration Power Interface (ACPI), the newest Desktop Management
Interface (DMI), as well as AX5/PX5/TX5’s unique CPU operating frequency
and voltage setup feature in order to meet modern computing demands.
1-2
Chapter 1
¬ AX5
nSpecifications
1. Support ATX power supply.
2. CPU frequency and voltage setup with CPU “SOFT MENU™”
l Setup of the mainboard’s frequency and voltage without DIP
Switches or Jumpers.
l Modification of CPU operating voltage and frequency by the BIOS
Setup .
3. Uses ZIF CPU Socket 7 for easy CPU installation
l Support switching power for CPU to get more stable environment
l Supports Intel CPUs:
1) Pentium 100MHz to 200MHz
2) Pentium processor with MMXTM technology 166MHz to
233MHz
l Supports AMD CPUs:
1)AMD-K5™ PR100 ~ PR166.
2) AMD-K6TM 166MHz ~ 233MHz.
l Supports Cyrix/IBM CPUs:
1) Cyrix 6x86TM P120+ ~ P200+.
2) Cyrix 6x86LTM P150+ ~ P200+.
3) Cyrix 6x86MXTM PR150 ~ PR233 .
4. Chipset
l Intel 430TX chipset
l Supports standard version PCI 2.1
5. L2 Cache Memory
l 512K of cache memory (Pipeline Burst SRAM)
6. System DRAM
l Four 72-pin SIMM sockets: support FP and EDO DRAM
l Three 168-pin DIMM sockets: support FP, EDO and Synchronous
DRAM (SDRAM)
l DIMM sockets use PC modules (3.3V Unbuffered DRAM)
l Up to 256MB memory configuration possible
Introduction of AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
1-3
7. System BIOS
l AWARD BIOS
l Supports Plug-and-Play (PnP)
l Supports Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI)
l Supports Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
8. Multi I/O features
l Two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
l Four fast IDE channels (PIO mode 0~4, Ultra “DMA/33” and Bus
Master)
l One standard EPP/ECP parallel port and two 16550A serial ports
l Two floppy disk drive connectors (FDD) (360K, 720K, 1.2M,
1.44M and 2.88M)
l Support PS/2 type mouse
9. Other features
l Standard ATX architecture dimensions
l Four ISA bus slots and four PCI bus slots
l Supports 3-MODE for a special Japanese floppy disk drive
l Supports two bootable hard disks--able to run two different
operating systems
l Supports IDE interface CD-ROM and LS-120 type floppy disk drive
(Boot only)
Note: All brand names and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
*Specifications and information contained in this catalogue are subject to change without
notice.
1-4
Chapter 1
n Layout diagram
Fig 1-1
Layout diagram
Introduction of AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
1-5
- PX5
nSpecifications
1. Supports AT
power supply
2. CPU frequency and voltage setup with CPU “SOFT MENU™”
l Setup of the mainboard’s frequency and voltage without DIP
Switches or Jumpers.
l Modification of CPU operating voltage and frequency by the BIOS
Setup.
3. Uses ZIF CPU Socket 7 for easy CPU installation
l Support switching power for CPU to get more stable environment
l Supports Intel CPUs:
1)
Pentium 100MHz to 200MHz .
2 )
Pentium processor with MMXTM technology 166MHz
to
233MHz
l Supports AMD CPUs:
1 )
AMD-K5™ PR100 ~ PR166.
2)
AMD-K6TM 166MHz ~ 233MHz.
l Supports Cyrix/IBM CPUs:
1)
Cyrix 6x86TM P120+ ~ P200+.
2)
Cyrix 6x86LTM P150+ ~ P200+.
3)
Cyrix 6x86MXTM PR150 ~ PR233 .
4. Chipset
l Intel 430TX chipset
l Supports standard version PCI 2.1
5. L2 Cache Memory
l 512K of cache memory (Pipeline Burst SRAM)
6. System DRAM
l Two 72-pin SIMM sockets: support FP and EDO DRAM
l Two 168-pin DIMM sockets: support FP, EDO and Synchronous
DRAM (SDRAM)
l DIMM sockets use PC modules (3.3V Unbuffered DRAM)
l Up to 256MB memory configuration possible
1-6
Chapter 1
7. System BIOS
l AWARD BIOS
l Supports Plug-and-Play (PnP)
l Supports Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI)
l Supports Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
8. Multi I/O features
l Two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
l Four fast IDE channels (PIO mode 0~4, Ultra “DMA/33” and Bus
Master)
l One standard EPP/ECP parallel port and two 16550 serial ports
l Two floppy disk drive connectors (FDD) (360K, 720K, 1.2M,
1.44M and 2.88M)
l Support PS/2 type mouse
9. Other features
l Standard AT architecture dimensions
l Four ISA bus slots and four PCI bus slots
l Supports 3-MODE for a special Japanese floppy disk drive
l Supports two bootable hard disks--able to run two different
operating systems
l Supports IDE interface CD-ROM and LS-120 type floppy disk drive
(Boot only)
No e: Al b a d am s nd tr de ar s re th p op rt o t ei r sp ct ve ow er .
* pe if ca io s nd in or at on co ta ne i t is ca al gu a e ub ec t c an e
no ic .
it ou
Introduction of AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
n
Layout diagram
Fig 1-2
Layout diagram
1-7
1-8
Chapter 1
® TX5
nSpecifications
1. Supports AT and ATX power supply
2. CPU frequency and voltage setup with CPU “SOFT MENU™”
l Setup of the mainboard’s frequency and voltage without DIP
Switches or Jumpers.
l Modification of CPU operating voltage and frequency by the BIOS
Setup.
3. Uses ZIF CPU Socket 7 for easy CPU installation
l Support switching power for CPU to get more stable environment
l Supports Intel CPUs:
1)
Pentium 120MHz to 200MHz
2 )
Pentium processor with MMXTM technology 166MHz
to
233MHz
l
Supports AMD CPUs:
1 )
AMD-K5™ PR120 to PR166.
2)
AMD-K6TM 166MHz ~ *266MHz .
l
Supports Cyrix/IBM CPUs:
1)
Cyrix 6x86TM P150+ ~ P200+.
2)
Cyrix 6x86LTM P150+ ~ P200+.
3)
Cyrix 6x86MXTM PR150 ~ PR233 .
* Supports 2.2 Volts Vcore voltage.( Starting form Rev 1.2), Can
support AMD-K6TM 266 MHz processor.
4. Chipset
l Intel 430TX chipset
l Supports standard version PCI 2.1
5. L2 Cache Memory
l 512K of cache memory (Pipeline Burst SRAM)
6. System DRAM
l Four 72-pin SIMM sockets: support FP and EDO DRAM
l Two 168-pin DIMM sockets: support FP, EDO and Synchronous
DRAM (SDRAM)
l DIMM sockets use PC modules (3.3V Unbuffered DRAM)
Introduction of AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
1-9
l Up to 256MB memory configuration possible
7. System BIOS
l AWARD BIOS
l Supports Plug-and-Play (PnP)
l Supports Advanced Configuration Power Interface (ACPI)
l Supports Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
8. Multi I/O features
l Two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports
l Four fast IDE channels (PIO mode 0~4, Ultra “DMA/33” and Bus
Master)
l One standard EPP/ECP parallel port and two 16550 serial ports
l Two floppy disk drive connectors (FDD) (360K, 720K, 1.2M,
1.44M and 2.88M)
l Support PS/2 type mouse
9. Other features
l Standard AT architecture dimensions
l Three ISA bus slots and four PCI bus slots
l Supports 3-MODE for a special Japanese floppy disk drive
l Supports two bootable hard disks--able to run two different
operating systems
l Support monitor for system temperature, Fan running and voltage,
also support
l Support special interface EISCA to monitor system environment
l Supports IDE interface CD-ROM and LS-120 type floppy disk drive
(Boot only)
1-10
Computer
Knowledge
Chapter 1
The EISCA(Enhanced Intelligent System Cooler Architecture)
is a specially designed 12-pin interface which integrates the
Mainboard and the CPU cooling system. This system is a total
solution for PC system heat sink problems.
Due to increasing CPU speed, which causes higher
temperatures, finding ways to effectively deal with CPU
temperatures is becoming a more and more crucial problem.
Effectively and precisely determining CPU temperature was a
very important requirement. The area directly under the CPU
socket is the location on the mainboard. closest to the CPU,
and heat is conducted away from this area through air
circulation. Determining temperature change under
these circumstances is very imprecise, as it only allows us to
detect large changes in temperature. In addition, because the
air under the CPU socket is confined to this area, the sensor
cannot detect temperature in real time. Tests have proven that
under such circumstances, even after 5 minutes the sensor
located under the CPU socket is unable to detect real
temperature change, so it can not meet the requirements for
thermal problems.
In EISCA architecture, the thermal sensor is located at the
heat-sink. In this way, the sensor is able to detect CPU
temperature in real time and more precisely. The EISCA
monitors voltage, fan speed and fan on/off control to meet the
important specifications.
Note: All brand names and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
*Specifications and information contained in this catalogue are subject to change without
notice.
Introduction of AX5/PX5/TX5 Features
n
Layout diagram
Fig 1-3
Layout diagram
1-11
1-12
Chapter 1
¯ System block diagram
Pentium Processor
3.3V
Host BUS
Control
Address
Data
Second
Level Cache
Ctrl
CACHE
(SRAM)
Tag Ctrl
Addr
MTXC
Ctrl
Main
Memory
(DRAM)
TIO[0..7]
TAG
PCI BUS
Control
Address/Data
CD ROM &
Hard Disk
Fast
IDE
USB
USB
1
2
PIIX4
Universal Serial Bus
ISA BUS
Serial
Winbond
W83977
Fig. 1-4
LPT
FDC
System block diagram
PCI Device(s)
ISA Device(s)
Installing the Mainboard
2-1
Chapter 2 Installing the
Mainboard
This AX5/PX5/TX5 mainboard not only provides all standard equipment for
classic personal computers, but also provides great flexibility for meeting future
upgrade demands.
This chapter will introduce step by step all the standard
equipment and will also present, as completely as possible future upgrade
capabilities.
This mainboard is able to support all Intel Pentium including
P55C with MMX, Cyrix 6x86, 6x86L, 6x86MX and AMD-K5/K6 processors
now on the market.
(For details, see specifications in Chapter 1.)
However, we cannot guarantee that the description given in this manual on the
circuitry of your mainboard will work for processors not listed in Chapter 1.
For example, the operating voltage of Cyrix’s next generation CPUs is unknown
at the present time.
Thus we were not able to include these specifications in
your motherboard.
We will supply further information about CPU support
when new CPUs arrive on the market.
This chapter is organized according the following features:
ΠInstalling the Mainboard to the Casing
• Standard external connectors
Ž Jumpers and switches
• Presentation and Installing of the CPU.
º Installing the system memory.
NNNN
Before proceeding with the installation
Before installing the mainboard please be sure to turn off or disconnect the
power supply unit.
Before making any modifications to the hardware
configuration of the mainboard, the power supply to any areas of the mainboard
you plan to modify should be turned off to avoid unnecessary damage to the
hardware.
2-2
Chapter 2
&
Us r ri nd y ns ru ti ns
Our objective is to enable the novice computer user to perform the installation
by themselves.
We have attempted to write this document in a very clear,
concise and descriptive manner to help overcome any obstacles you may face
during installation.
Please read our instructions carefully and follow them
carefully step-by-step.
Installing the Mainboard
2-3
¬ Installing the Mainboard to the Casing
Most computer cases will have a base on which there will be many mounting
holes that allows the mainboard to be securely attached and at the same time,
prevents short circuits.
There are two ways to attach the mainboard to the base.
lwith spacers
lor with bolts
In principle, the best way to attach the motherboard is with bolts, and only if
you are unable to do this should you attach the board with spacers. Take a
careful look at the mainboard and you will see many mounting holes on it. Line
these holes up with the mounting holes on the base. If the holes line up, and
there are screw holes this means you can attach the mainboard with bolts. If the
holes line up and there are only slots, this means you can only attach the
mainboard with spacers. Take the tip of the spacers and insert it into the slots.
After doing this to all the slots, you can slide the mainboard into position aligned
with the slots. After the mainboard has been positioned, check to make sure
everything is OK before putting the casing back on.
Note: If the mainboard has mounting holes, but don’t line up with the holes
on the base and their are no slots to attach the spacers, don’t panic, you can still
attach the spacers to the mounting holes. Just cut the spacers (along the dotted
line) (the spacer may be a little hard so be careful of our hands). In this way you
can still attach the mainboard to the base without worrying about short circuits.
Computer
Knowledge
Why is it that Cyrix is always raised in relation to IBM in books? In
fact, these two 6*86 CPUs (limited to the 6*86 series) are basically
the same thing. Because Cyrix does not have its own production line,
it has contracted IBM to manufacture their 6*86 CPUs for them.
However, IBM has stipulated that the Cyrix CPUs they produce
have both the Cyrix and IBM mark printed on it.
2-4
Chapter 2
- Standard External Connectors
Inside the case of any computer several cables and plugs have to be
connected.
These cables and plugs are usually connected one-by-one to
connectors located on the mainboard.
You need to carefully pay attention to
any connection orientation the cables may have and, if any, notice the position of
the first pin of the connector.
In the explanations that follow, we will
describe the significance of the first pin.
PN1 - Keylock connector Please pay attention to pin position and orientation
This connector has a specific orientation.
Connect the five-thread keylock
connector cable to the PN1 connector pins on the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
Computer
Knowledge
Name or significance of signal
+5VDC
No connection
Ground
Keyboard inhibit Signal
Ground
power LED
power LED
power LED
key lock
key lock
The “keylock switch” is used to lock the computer’s keyboard.
This disables the keyboard so that unauthorized persons cannot
use it.
When this function is in use, you will need to use
the unlock key to activate the keyboard.
Installing the Mainboard
2-5
PN1 - Power ON/OFF connectors
There is no specific orientation. Since most cases do not support this feature,
most of you ignore this instruction. If the case support this kind of power switch
connector, please connect this connector into Mainboard. In this case, you have
to use ATX type power supply to get this function.
Pin number
10
11
Name or significance of the signal
Power on/off
Ground
PN1 - SMI Switch
There is no specific orientation.
Connect the two-thread cable to the PN1
connector pins on the mainboard.
Since most cases do not support this
feature, most of you ignore this instruction.
Furthermore, this feature is not
necessary as it is already a part of the mainboard.
Pin number
13
14
Name or significance of signal
+5VDC
suspend
PN1 - HDD LED connector
This connector has a specific orientation.
Connect the two-thread IDE LED
connector cable attached to the case to the IDE LED connector on the
mainboard.
Pin number
7
8
Name or significance of signal
LED’s Cathode
LED’s Anode
2-6
Chapter 2
PN2 - Speaker connector
There is no specific orientation.
Connect the four-thread speaker cable to
the PN2 connector pins on the mainboard.
Pin number
4
5
6
7
Name or significance of signal
+5VDC
Ground
Ground
Sound Signal
PN2 - Hardware Reset connectors
There is no specific orientation.
Connect the two-thread hardware reset
cable to the PN2 connector pins on the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
Name or significance of signal
Hardware reset signal
Ground
PN2 - Sleep LED connector
This connector has a specific orientation.
Connect the two-thread Sleep
LED connector cable attached to the case to the Sleep LED connector on the
mainboard.
Pin number
9
10
Name or significance of signal
LED’s Cathode
LED’s Anode
FAN1 - CPU Fan power connector (AX5/PX5)
This has a specific orientation. Connect the three-threads CPU fan cable to the
FAN1 connector.
Pin number
1
2
3
Name of the signal or signification
Ground
+12V
Ground
Installing the Mainboard
2-7
FAN1 - CPU Fan power connector (TX5)
This has a specific orientation. Connect the three-threads CPU fan cable to the
FAN1 connector.
If, at the bottom of the fan, there are only two threads, just connect them to
PIN2 and PIN3.
Pin number
1
2
3
Name of the signal or signification
Sensor signal
+12V
Control on/off
IR - Infrared remote Connectors Watch the pin number and the orientation
This has a specific orientation. Your mainboard supports this feature, but you
must buy the infrared remote device as an option.
(AX5) :
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
Name of the signal or signification
+5VDC
No connection
Transmit data
Ground
Receive data
(PX5 TX5) :
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
Name of the signal or signification
+5VDC
No connection
Receive data
Ground
Transmit data
2-8
Chapter 2
ATXPWR - ATX Power input Connectors
These have a specific orientation. The three warning marks indicate that if you
make a mistake in pin number or connection orientation, you could destroy your
equipment. During installation, you just need to connect to the correct pins and
in the correct orientation, and to connect connector of the power supply unit to
the connector on the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Name of the signal or
signification
+3.3VDC
+3.3VDC
Ground
+5VDC
Ground
+5VDC
Ground
POWERGOOD
+5VDC
+12VDC
Pin number
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Name of the signal or
signification
+3.3VDC
-12VDC
Ground
PS_ON
Ground
Ground
Ground
-5VDC
+5VDC
+5VDC
P8/P9 - AT Power input Connectors (the AX5 do not support this
connector)
These have a specific orientation. The three warning marks indicate that if you
make a mistake in pin number or connection orientation, you could destroy your
equipment. During installation, you just need to connect to the correct pins and
in the correct orientation, and to connect connectors P8 and P9 of the power
supply unit to the connectors on the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
6
Name of the signal or
signification
POWERGOOD
+5VDC
+12VDC
-12VDC
Ground
Ground
Pin number
7
8
9
10
11
12
Name of the signal or
signification
Ground
Ground
-5VDC
+5VDC
+5VDC
+5VDC
Installing the Mainboard
2-9
Mechanics of Mouse/Keyboard/USB/COM1/COM2/LPT
(AX5)
Mouse - PS/2 Mouse connector Watch the pin number and the orientation
This has a specific orientation. Connect the six-threads PS/2 Mouse cable
provided to the connector on the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
6
Computer
knowledge
Name of the signal or signification
Mouse data
No connection
Ground
+5VDC
Ground
Mouse clock
The “PS/2 Mouse Port” is different from COM1 or COM2 serial
ports to which you can also connect a Mouse. This mainboard
features an extra PS/2 Mouse port, so when you buy a mouse,
be sure that it is a PS/2 Mouse before connecting it to this port.
But if you cannot find any PS/2 Mouse, you can still use COM1
or COM2 to connect a serial mouse to your computer.
Keyboard - PS/2 Keyboard Connector
(AX5)
2-10
Chapter 2
This has an orientation pin. Connect your keyboard connector to the connector
on the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
6
Name of the signal or signification
Keyboard data
No connection
Ground
+5VDC
Ground
Keyboard clock
KB1 - Keyboard Connector
(PX5/TX5)
This has an orientation pin. Connect your keyboard connector to the connector
on the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
Name of the signal or signification
Keyboard clock
Keyboard data
No connection
Ground
+5VDC
I/O Port connectors Watch the pin number and the orientation
Connector name
IDE 1
IDE 2
FDC
LPT
COM1
COM2
USB
Pin number
40
40
34
26
10
10
16
Name of the peripheral connected
IDE Channel 1
IDE Channel 2
Floppy Disk connector
Parallel port connector
Serial port COM1 connector
Serial port COM2 connector
Universal Serial Bus connector
Installing the Mainboard
2-11
LM1 - Enhanced Intelligent System Coller Architecture Connectors
(TX5)
This has an orientation pin. Connect your EISCA connector to the connector on
the mainboard.
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Name of the signal or signification
I2C Serial Bus Clock
I2C Serial Bus Data
Set for active low for wire interrupt line
Key
+5VDC
Alarm speaker output
Ground
Vcore detect
fanl sensor input
Vio detect
fan2 sensor input
+12VDC
2-12
Chapter 2
® Jumpers and Switches
CCMOS : Delete the contents of the CMOS
This jumper is set on pins 1 and 2 at the factory, in order for the
computer to function normally, so please do not change this setting.
The main feature of this jumper is to solve situations where the
computer crashes due to improper usage. For instance:
l You have forgotten the password you set.
l You have changed inappropriately the settings in the BIOS
menu.
l You want to change the version of flash BIOS.
All these errors are very serious, you must avoid them. But if you
have made one of these errors, this jumper can save your life. First
turn off the power supply and open the computer case, than place the
jumper on pins 2 and 3 in order to save your computer. But if you use
your computer normally, you should not need to use this feature.
After you have deleted the CMOS information, the computer is saved, but
you still have to go back to the BIOS Setup menu, and reset one by one all
the specifications: CPU, date, hour, FDD and HDD parameters. etc., before
your computer will get back into normal operation.
Installing the Mainboard
2-13
¯ Presentation and Installation of the CPU
Jumperless Mainboard (Mainboard with no DIP Switch or Jumper)
The AX5/PX5/TX5 mainboard can be installed with CPU without the
hardware setting of the CPU.
On other boards, when you want to install the CPU, you have, more or less,
to setup some jumpers or DIP switches. With the AX5/PX5/TX5 mainboard,
you will not need to adjust any jumper or switch. The CPU speed and model is
set up by software, in order to allow the user to complete setup and installation
procedures easily. After you have inserted the CPU on the CPU socket, you can
close the computer case and turn the computer on. You just need to enter the
CPU SOFT MENU™ located in the BIOS Setup, and to setup the speed and
the voltage of the CPU to compete the installation. Even if you don’t need to
setup any switch, we recommend you to read our presentation of the CPUs, it
will be useful information for you.
Since 1996, every two or three months, Intel adds new models to the
Pentium CPU series. That is why the CPU market is filled with a lot of different
models and brands. All CPUs have different electrical specifications. That’s why
installing a CPU is becoming more and more complex. You can’t help that,
because everybody wants to be able to upgrade its hardware. So, you have to
take a bit of time to read this section, in order to be able to install a cheaper and
better processor.
The AX5/PX5/TX5 mainboard does not only support all the CPUs listed in
the specifications, but also has reserved several circuits in order to be able to
support future processors. But before we go further in our presentation, we
must clarify that “we have only tested the CPUs listed in Chapter 1”, we cannot
guarantee that this board will be able to support future products, because we
cannot forecast future developments. But we will do our best to support any
possible CPU.
2-14
Chapter 2
Related terminology :
External clock
Also referred to as the external CPU clock, or “Bus clock”, it is the input
clock of the CPU. For instance, Intel Pentium P90, P120 and P150 all have
a 60MHz external CPU clock, but have different internal clock multiplier
factors.
Clock multiplier factor
The real operation clock within the CPU is the multiple of the external
clock. We refer to this factor as the clock multiplier factor. The four
factors possible are 1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3. The factor differs from one CPU to
another. For instance, the Intel Pentium 166 CPU has a 66MHz external
clock, with a multiplier factor of 2.5, so that the speed of the internal clock
is 66MHz x 2.5.
Internal clock
Also referred to as the real internal CPU clock, it is the actual internal
operating clock of the CPU. The Internal Clock is a multiple of the external
clock and of the clock multiplier factor. For instance, the Intel Pentium 90
CPU has a 60MHz external clock and its clock multiplier factor is 1.5; the
Intel Pentium P133 CPU has a 66MHz external clock and its clock
multiplier factor is 2.
Internal CPU clock = clock multiplier factor * external CPU clock
AT Bus clock
Also referred to as ISA SPEED, or AT CLOCK, or even ISA Bus clock.
Ten years ago, the original specification of AT Bus clock installed in the
first generation PC/AT computers was 8MHz, this means that there are
some interface cards which can only work at 8MHz. In order to guarantee
compatibility with older hardware, we still support 8MHz AT Bus clock,
but if your interface card is newer or faster, you can choose a higher speed
for the AT Bus clock, in order to increase the transmission rate of the
interface cards. But we recommend you not to be too ambitious. An 8MHz
setup ensures maximum compatibility.
Installing the Mainboard
2-15
CPU Voltage - Vcore and Vio
From the voltage point of view, 586 series CPU can be divided into two
categories: single voltage CPU and dual voltage CPUs. Single voltage
CPUs include: Intel Pentium P54C series, AMD-K5 and Cyrix 6x86, etc.
Dual voltage CPUs include: Intel P55C with MMX, future AMD-K6 CPUs,
Cyrix 6x86L and 6x86MX.
The voltage of dual voltage CPUs has two components: Vcore and Vio.
Vcore provides all the power for internal processing, and its power
consumption is quite important. Vio provides the power necessary for the
external interface of the CPU.
P-Rating
The P-Rating was defined by some manufacturers other than Intel to rate
the performance of their CPU in comparison with Intel Pentium CPUs. For
instance, Cyrix 6x86 P166+ has a higher actual speed compared with Intel
Pentium P166, its internal clock needs only 133MHz versus 166MHz for
Intel’s product. The main reason is that Cyrix has improved the internal
architecture of the 6x86 CPU, which means that with the same internal
clock speed, the actual clock speed will be different.
Having read the related terminology above, please refer to the information in
appendices B, C or D for the type and specifications of your own CPU. We
suggest that you note down these specifications, which will help you when you
install the CPU.
CPU Settings:
¡I ¡I CPU SOFT
MENU ¡I ¡I
To configure the speed and the voltage of the CPU, you must enter to the CPU
SOFT MENU in BIOS Setup.
2-16
Chapter 2
° Installing System Memory
Memory ¡j
¡i
DRAM
When this mainboard was designed, we not only have taken into account
the present needs, but we have also tried to care about demands for future
upgrades:
1.
168-pin DIMM sockets:
¶ AX5 support three 168 pin DIMM sockets
· PX5/TX5 support two168 pin DIMM sockets
If you want to extend your memory capacity, you will have no solution
other than to use 168-pin 3.3V unbuffered DIMM sockets.
2. 72-pin SIMM sockets:
¶ AX5/TX5 support four 72 pin SIMM sockets
· PX5 support two 72 pin SIMM sockets
3. Easy installation
You just need to insert the modules, without the help of God. Isn’t it
great?
Besides the features mentioned above, you can use simultaneously 72-pin
SIMM modules and 168-pin DIMM modules, but you will rarely encounter this
kind of configuration. Before you proceed with installation, be patient, first read
what follows:
1. Factory default setting of the mainboard is for 60ns FP or EDO
modules.
If your memory modules are faster than 60ns, say 45ns, you can modify
the BIOS settings in order to speed up the operating speed of the
system. But if you don’t want to modify these settings, or if you don’t
know how to modify them, it’s no big deal.
But if you set the external CPU clock at 66MHz or more, we
recommend you use 60ns or even faster DRAM modules.
2. Memory error check and correction do not support this feature on
this mainboard.
Since the Intel 430TX chipset does not support this feature, since the
memory error check and correction feature may not be effective, and
since you cannot easily find memory modules with memory check and
Installing the Mainboard
correction feature, this mainboard does not support it.
2-17
2-18
Chapter 2
3. Maximum memory capacity 256M bytes supported by this
mainboard.
Computer
knowledge
¡i Relationships between memory modules and Pentium
CPUs ¡j
Pentium P54C . P55C, Cyrix 6x86 and AMD-K5/K6 are all 64
bit CPUs, but 72-pin SIMM modules are only 32-bit. That’s why
they have to be used in pairs, because the CPU will always be
only able to see 64 bits. This means that 72-pin SIMM modules
have to be installed in pairs. For instance, SIMM1 and SIMM2
must form a pair, and
SIMM3 and SIMM4 must form
another pair. Of course, the two members of a pair must be of
the same kind ¡i EDO or FP DRAM ¡j, and you cannot use
pairs from different “species”.
But the AX5/TX5 support different “pairs” and use different type
of memory modules, notice:
l ¡i SIMM1 and SIMM2 ¡j must use the same
memory type, as well as ¡i
SIMM3 and
SIMM4 ¡j .
l ¡i SIMM1 and SIMM2 ¡j use the same memory
type, and ¡i SIMM3 and
SIMM4 ¡j can use
the same type, or a different type, in order to permit you
to obtain the best speed configuration for each “single”
pair, and to make the system work at its maximum
capacity. If one memory pair is slower, it will have no
influence on the pair whose speed is higher.
168-pin DIMM modules are 64 bit, so you can use single
modules. On the AX5/PX5/TX5 mainboard, these modules can
support not only EDO and FP DRAM, but also Synchronous
DRAM memory configurations.
When you install DIMM modules on the mainboard, you don’t have to
setup anything, just be sure that you use 3.3V unbuffered 168-pin DIMM
modules, and insert them in the memory socket.
Installing the Mainboard
2-19
Computer ¡i 168-pin DIMM modules specifications ¡j
Knowledge According to the standards defined by JEDEC, there are a lot of
different types of specifications for 168-pin DIMM sockets. Here
are the possible types:
l 3.3V UNBUFFERED DIMM
l 3.3V BUFFERED DIMM
l 5V UNBUFFERED DIMM
l 5V BUFFERED DIMM
These types of DIMM modules differ not only by the electrical
design, but also by their architecture. So, if you buy different
types of DIMM modules, you will not be able to insert them in
the DIMM sockets. Currently, the standard for PC is 3.3V
UNBUFFERED DIMM, which is the standard supported by this
series.
After installing the DRAM, the BIOS of the mainboard will automatically
detect the size of the memory installed on the mainboard. Below is a list of all
the possible situations:
Scenario 1: You use only 72-pin SIMM modules:
l The maximum memory size is 256M bytes.
l Support possible for single density or double density memory
modules.
l Memory modules supported: 1Mx32 ¡i 4M ¡j , 2Mx32
¡i 8M ¡j, 4Mx32 ¡i 16M ¡j, 8Mx32 ¡i 32M ¡j
or 16Mx32 ¡i 64M ¡j .
l You can also directly refer to table 2-1.
Scenario 2: You use only 168-pin DIMM modules:
l The maximum memory size is 256M bytes.
l Support possible for single density or double density memory
modules.
l Memory modules supported: 1Mx64 ¡i 8M ¡j , 2Mx64
¡i 16M ¡j, 4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j, 8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
or 16Mx64 ¡i 128M ¡j .
l DIMM1 is the first pair, DIMM2 is the second pair. Usually,
you first insert modules in DIMM1 socket, than in DIMM2
socket, but it is possible to do the reverse.
l You can also directly refer to table 2-2.
2-20
Chapter 2
Scenario 3: You use 72-pin SIMM modules and 168-pin DIMM modules:
l The maximum memory size is: 256M bytes.
l Support possible for single density or double density memory
modules.
l Memory modules supported: Refer to case 1 and case 2 above.
l Support possible for mixed use of single density and double
density modules.
l Since there is a lot of possible configurations, no table is given.
System DRAM
AX5
PX5
TX5
72- pin SIMM socket
4 SIMM
2 SIMM
4 SIMM
Support FP DRAM
Yes
Yes
Yes
Support EDO DRAM
Yes
Yes
Yes
168-pin DIMM specifications
3.3V Unbuffered 3.3V Unbuffered 3.3V Unbuffered
168-pin DIMM socket
3 DIMMs
2 DIMMs
2 DIMMs
Support FP DRAM
Yes
Yes
Yes
Support EDO DRAM
Yes
Yes
Yes
Support synchronous DRAM (SDRAM)
Yes
Yes
Yes
DRAM Error Check
No
No
No
Maximum memory size
256MB
256MB
256MB
Installing the Mainboard
2-21
Table 2-1 72-pin SIMM Module Installation
¡i
SIMM1, SIMM2 ¡j
1st ¡i 2nd pair ¡j
¡i
SIMM3, SIMM4 ¡j *
2nd ¡i 1st pair ¡j
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
Total memory size
8MB
16MB
NO MODULE INSERTED
32MB
64MB
128MB
8MB
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
16MB
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
NO MODULE INSERTED
32MB
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
64MB
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
128MB
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
Since the installation described above is valid for the first pair as well as for the second pair, it will not be repeated.
16MB
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
24MB
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
40MB
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
72MB
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
136MB
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
24MB
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
32MB
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
48MB
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
80MB
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
144MB
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
40MB
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
48MB
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
64MB
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
96MB
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
160MB
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
72MB
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
80MB
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
96MB
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
128MB
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
192MB
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
136MB
1Mx32 ¡i 4Mx2 ¡j
144MB
2Mx32 ¡i 8Mx2 ¡j
160MB
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
4Mx32 ¡i 16Mx2 ¡j
192MB
8Mx32 ¡i 32Mx2 ¡j
256MB
16Mx32 ¡i 64Mx2 ¡j
*: indicates that only AX5 . TX5 supports this configuration
Perhaps you have already found out the rules from the table above. This table,
we belive, contains all possible configurations. In fact, you just need to insert
two or four 72-pin SIMM modules in the socket to complete the installation.
2-22
Chapter 2
Table 2-2 168-pin DIMM Module Installation
¡i
DIMM1 ¡j
st
nd
rd
¡i
DIMM2 ¡j
nd
st
rd
1 ¡i 2 or 3 ¡j
2 ¡i 1 or 3 ¡j
pair
pair
¡i
DIMM3 ¡j
rd
3 ¡i 1st or 2nd ¡j
8MB
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
16MB
32MB
NO
NO
MODULE
MODULE
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
INSERTED
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
INSERTED
¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
Total memory size
pair
1Mx64 ¡i 8M ¡j
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
8M ¡j
64MB
128MB*1
8MB
NO
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
NO
16MB
MODULE
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
MODULE
32MB
INSERTED
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
INSERTED
¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
16Mx64
128M ¡j
64MB
128MB
8M ¡j
8MB
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
NO
NO
16MB
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
MODULE
MODULE
32MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
INSERTED
INSERTED
64MB
16Mx64
128MB
¡i 128M ¡j
Since the installation described above is valid for the first pair as well as for the second pair, it will not be
repeated.
1Mx64 ¡i 8M ¡j
16MB
1Mx64 ¡i
8M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
NO
24MB
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
MODULE
40MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
INSERTED
¡i
16Mx64
128M ¡j
1Mx64 ¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
8M ¡j
16MB
NO
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
24MB
MODULE
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
40MB
INSERTED
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
8M ¡j
¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
8M ¡j
8M ¡j
24MB
40MB
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
72MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
136MB
16Mx64
128M ¡j
1Mx64 ¡i
72MB
136MB*1
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
¡i
8M ¡j
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
1Mx64 ¡i
¡i
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
8M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i
72MB
136MB
16M ¡j 4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
256MB*1*2
24MB
NO
32MB
MODULE
48MB
Installing the Mainboard
2-23
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
¡i
¡i
DIMM1 ¡j
st
nd
rd
¡i
DIMM2 ¡j
nd
st
rd
1 ¡i 2 or 3 ¡j
2 ¡i 1 or 3 ¡j
pair
pair
2Mx64 ¡i
INSERTED
16Mx64
128M ¡j
¡i
DIMM3 ¡j
rd
pair
1Mx64 ¡i 8M ¡j
32MB
MODULE
4Mx64 ¡i
32M ¡j
48MB
INSERTED
8Mx64 ¡i
64M ¡j
80MB
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
144MB*1
16M ¡j
8M ¡j
8M ¡j
32MB
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i
16M ¡j
48MB
16M ¡j 4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
4Mx64 ¡i
32M ¡j
80MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
8Mx64 ¡i
64M ¡j
144MB
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
256MB*1*2
16Mx64
128M ¡j
1Mx64 ¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
¡i
8M ¡j
40MB
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
NO
48MB
32M ¡j 4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
MODULE
64MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
INSERTED
96MB
16Mx64
128M ¡j
¡i
160MB
1Mx64 ¡i
32M ¡j
40MB
2Mx64 ¡i
16M ¡j
48MB
MODULE
4Mx64 ¡i
32M ¡j
64MB
INSERTED
8Mx64 ¡i
64M ¡j
96MB
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
160MB*1
¡i
8M ¡j
1Mx64 ¡i
8M ¡j
48MB
64MB
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i
16M ¡j
32M ¡j 4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
4Mx64 ¡i
32M ¡j
96MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
8Mx64 ¡i
64M ¡j
160MB
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
256MB*1*2
¡i
16Mx64
128M ¡j
1Mx64 ¡i
¡i
8M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
8Mx64 ¡i
8M ¡j
NO
1Mx64 ¡i
4Mx64 ¡i
24MB
16M ¡j
¡i
4Mx64 ¡i
Total memory size
2Mx64 ¡i
¡i
4Mx64 ¡i
1st or 2nd ¡j
3 ¡i
NO
1Mx64 ¡i
2Mx64 ¡i
80MB
144MB
72MB
NO
80MB
64M ¡j 4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
MODULE
96MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
INSERTED
128MB
2-24
Chapter 2
16Mx64
128M ¡j
¡i
192MB
1Mx64 ¡i
8Mx64 ¡i
8M ¡j
72MB
NO
2Mx64 ¡i
16M ¡j
80MB
MODULE
4Mx64 ¡i
32M ¡j
96MB
INSERTED
8Mx64 ¡i
64M ¡j
128MB
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
192MB*1
64M ¡j
¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
8Mx64 ¡i
96MB
64M ¡j 4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
4Mx64 ¡i
32M ¡j
128MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
8Mx64 ¡i
64M ¡j
192MB
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
256MB*1*2
¡i
rd
pair
16Mx64
128M ¡j
DIMM2 ¡j
nd
1 ¡i 2 or 3 ¡j
st
rd
2 ¡i 1 or 3 ¡j
¡i
¡i
DIMM3 ¡j
rd
3 ¡i 1st or 2nd ¡j
pair
1Mx64 ¡i 8M ¡j
136MB
NO
144MB
128M ¡j4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
MODULE
160MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
INSERTED
192MB
16Mx64
128M ¡j
¡i
256MB
1Mx64 ¡i
128M ¡j
8M ¡j
136MB
NO
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
144MB
MODULE
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
160MB
INSERTED
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
¡i
1Mx64 ¡i
16Mx64 ¡i
Total memory size
pair
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
16Mx64 ¡i
80MB
16M ¡j
nd
16Mx64 ¡i
8M ¡j
2Mx64 ¡i
DIMM1 ¡j
st
1Mx64 ¡i
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
¡i
¡i
8M ¡j
8M ¡j
144MB
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
160MB
128M ¡j4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
4Mx64 ¡i 32M ¡j
192MB
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
8Mx64 ¡i 64M ¡j
16Mx64
128M ¡j
1Mx64 ¡i
256MB*1
2Mx64 ¡i 16M ¡j
¡i
8M ¡j
192MB
16Mx64 *1
128M ¡j
256MB
1
¡i
16Mx64 *
128M ¡j
256MB*1*2
*: indicates that only AX5 supports this configuration
*1: Support FP or EDO DRAM only
*2: The maximum capacity of memory
In fact, the table above shows that you just need to insert the DIMM module in
any of the two sockets to complete the installation of the memory.
Installing the Mainboard
2-25
The voltage for the 72pin SIMM is +5V, and the 168pin DIMM
is +3V, according the specification, it strongly recommend that
should not mix both kinds of memory module, it may cause the
total amount of memory size is different with the memory that
plug-in when install mix both kinds of memory module.
It
may be the following reasons :
1.The DRAM’s specification is different, can be mixed.
2.The DIMM and SIMM using the same RAS signal, and
sharing and it limit by the chipset design.
Computer
Knowledge
Introduction of BIOS
Chapter 3
3-1
Introduction of BIOS
The BIOS is a program located on a Read-Only Memory chip on the
mainboard. This program will not be lost when you turn the computer off. This
program is also referred to as the boot program. It is the only channel for the
hardware circuit to communicate with the operating system. Its main function is
to manage the setup of the mainboard and interface cards parameters, including
simple parameters such as time, date, hard disk drive, as well as more complex
parameters such as hardware synchronization, device operating mode, CPU
SOFT MENU™ techniques, setup of CPU voltage and speed. The computer
will operate normally, or will operate at its best, only if all these parameters are
correctly configured through the BIOS.
M Don’t change the parameters inside the BIOS unless you know what
you are doing
The parameters inside the BIOS are used to setup the hardware
synchronization or the device operating mode. If the parameters are not
correct, they will produce errors, the computer will crash, and sometimes you
will even not be able to boot the computer after it has crashed. We recommend
that you do not change the parameters inside the BIOS unless you are familiar
with them. If you are not able to boot your computer anymore, please refer to
the section “Erase CMOS data” in Chapter 2.
When you start the computer, it is controlled by the BIOS program. The
BIOS first operates an auto-diagnostic for all the necessary hardware,
configurates the parameters of the hardware synchronization, and detects all the
hardware. Only when these tasks are completed does it give up control of the
computer to the program of the next level, which is the operating system. Since
the BIOS is the only channel for hardware and software to communicate, it will
be the key factor to system stability, and to ensure that your system performs at
its best. After the BIOS has achieved the auto-diagnostic and auto-detection
operations, it will display the following message:
PRESS DEL TO ENTER SETUP
3-2
Chapter 3
Three to five seconds after the message is displayed, if you press the Del
key, or if you press simultaneously the Ctrl Alt Esc keys, you will access the
BIOS Setup menu. At that moment, the BIOS will display the following
message:
Fig 3
BIOS Setup main menu
In the BIOS Setup main menu of Figure 3, you can see several options. We
will explain these options step by step in the following pages of this chapter, but
let us first see a short description of the function keys you may use here:
l Press Esc to quit the BIOS Setup.
l Press ¡ô¡õ¡÷¡ö (up, down, left, right) to choose, in the
main menu, the option you want to confirm or to modify.
l Press F10 when you have completed the setup of BIOS parameters to
save these parameters and to exit the BIOS Setup menu.
l Press Page Up/Page Down or +/- keys when you want to modify the
BIOS parameters for the active option.
Computer
knowledge
CMOS DATA
Maybe you have heard somebody saying that their
CMOS
DATA was lost. What is the CMOS? Is it important? The
CMOS is the memory used to store the BIOS parameters that
you have configured. This memory is passive. You can read its
data, and you can also store data in it. But this memory has to
be powered by a battery, in order to avoid any loss of its data
when the computer is turned off. Since you may have to
change the CMOS battery when it is out of power and indoing
so, you will loose all CMOS data, therefore, we recommend
that you write down all the parameters of your hardware, or to
put a label with these parameters on your hard disk.
Introduction of BIOS
3-3
¬ CPU Setup ¡i
CPU SOFT MENU™ ¡j
The CPU can be setup through a programmable switch (CPU SOFT
MENU™ ), that replaces traditional manual hardware configuration. This feature
allows the user to complete more easily the installation procedures. You can
install the CPU without configuring any jumpers or switches. The CPU must be
setup according its specifications.
In the first option, you can press <F1> at any time to display all the items
that can be chosen for that option.
Fig 3-1
CPU SOFT MENU™
CPU Name Is:
ä Intel Pentium
ä Intel Pentium MMX
ä AMD K5
ä AMD K6
ä Cyrix /IBM 6x86
ä Cyrix /IBM 6x86L
ä Cyrix /IBM 6x86MX
ä IDT C6
But when you boot the computer, the mainboard will automatically detect
the CPU brand and type.
3-4
Chapter 3
CPU Operating Speed:
This option sets the CPU speed. Different CPU brands use different
techniques to indicate the CPU speed. For example, AMD and Cyrix use PRating.
In this field, the CPU speed is indicated like this: CPU speed
(external
clock x multiplier factor)
Select the CPU speed according the type and the speed of your CPU.
¡i
¡i
¡i
¡i
¡i
Note 1 ¡j For Intel Pentium CPUs, you can choose the following
settings:
ä 100 (66x1.5)
ä 120 (60x2)
ä 133 (66x2)
ä 150 (60x2.5)
ä 166 (66x2.5)
ä 200 (66x3)
ä 233 (66x3.5)
Note 2 ¡j For AMD-K5 CPUs from AMD, you can choose the
following P-Ratings:
ä PR100 (66x1.5)
ä PR133 (66x1.5)
ä PR166 (66x2.5)
ä PR200 (66x3)
Note 2 ¡j For AMD-K6 CPUs from AMD, you can choose the
following P-Ratings:
ä 166 (66x2.5)
ä 200 (66x3)
ä 233 (66x3.5)
Note 3 ¡j For Cyrix /IBM 6x86 and 6x86L CPUs, you can choose
the following P-Ratings:
ä PR120+ (50x2)
äPR133+ (55x2)
ä PR150+ (60x2)
äPR166+ (66x2)
ä PR200 (75x2)
Note 4 ¡j User define external clock and multiplier factor:
ä User Define
/ External Clock:
ä 50MHz
ä 55MHz
ä 60MHz
ä 66MHz
ä 75MHz
ä 83MHz
/ Multiplier Factor:
You can choose the following multiplier factors:
ä 1.5
ä 1.75
ä 2.0
ä 2.5
ä 3.0
ä 3.5
However, differences will exist because of the
Introduction of BIOS
3-5
various brands and types available.
Normally, we do not recommend that you use the “User Define” option to setup
CPU speed and multiplier factor. This option is for setup of future CPUs whose
specifications are still unknown. The specifications of all present CPUs are
included in the default settings. Unless you are very familiar with all CPU
parameters, it is very easy to make mistakes when you define by yourself the
external clock and the multiplier factor.
/ Turbo Frequency:
This item will only be displayed if your CPU external clock supports
Turbo mode.
The Turbo mode allows you to speed up the external clock by
approximately 2.5%. This feature is used to verify the design flexibility.
It is a very important tool for test units to verify CPU stability. Do not
use this feature.
ä Disable: CPU external clock is operating within the
normal limits.
ä Enable: CPU external clock is operating within the limits
of the Turbo mode.
Solution in case of booting problem due to invalid clock setup:
Normally, if the CPU external clock setup is wrong, you will not be able to
boot. In this case, turn the system off than on again. The CPU will automatically
use its standard parameters to boot. You can then enter BIOS Setup again and
set up the external clock.
When you change your CPU:
The AX5/PX5/TX5 mainboard have been designed in such a way that you
can turn the system on after having inserted the CPU in the socket without
having to configure any jumpers or DIP switches. But if you change your CPU,
normally, you just have to turn off the power supply, change the CPU and then,
set up the CPU parameters through CPU SOFT MENU™ . However, if the
CPU brand and type is the same, and if the new CPU is slower than the old one,
we offer you three methods to successfully complete the CPU change operation.
Method 1: Setup up the CPU for the lowest speed for its brand. Turn the
power supply off and change the CPU. Then turn the system on
again, and set up the CPU parameters through CPU SOFT
MENU.
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Chapter 3
Method 2: Try turning the system on a few times (3~4 times) and the
system will automatically use its standard parameters to boot.
You can then enter BIOS SETUP again and set up the new
parameters.
Method 3: Since you have to open the computer case when you change the
CPU, it could be a good idea to use the CCMOS jumper to
erase the parameters of the original CPU and to enter BIOS
Setup to set up CPU parameters again.
Note :
The increase by 2.5% of the CPU speed is not a standard
feature of this product. It is only for use by our development
department to verify that the CPU is able to work normally
when CPU speed, operating temperature and power supply are
2.5% higher or lower than the standard values. This is to
guarantee product stability. We require the manufacturer of the
Clock Generator to meet the demands of our development
department and to add a TURBO Frequency feature used for
testing purposes by our R&D department. Of course, you can
use this feature to test the stability of your own system, but after
you have tested the product, we recommend that you set it back
to its normal value in order to guarantee system stability.
CPU Power Plane:
In the previous chapter we explained that the 586 CPUs can be divided into
two types: single voltage and dual voltage. This option will normally auto-detect
the type of your CPU, so you don’t need to make any changes.
ä Single Voltage: Single voltage CPU
ä Dual Voltage: Dual voltage CPU
¤ When the CPU is single voltage, the following options will be displayed
to set up the voltage:
/ Plane voltage:
ä 3.52v ¡G For Intel VRE standard CPUs and AMK-K5 or Cyrix
8x86 CPUs
ä 3.38v ¡G For Intel STD and VR standards CPUs
Introduction of BIOS
3-7
¤ When the CPU is dual voltage, two options will be displayed to set up
Vcore and Vio plane voltage
/ Core Plane Voltage:
ä 2.20v ¡G For AMD K6/PR266 and future CPUs
( TX5 Rev.1.2 or above revision
only )
:
ä 2.90v ¡G For AMD K6/PR-200 CPU and Cyrix 6x86MX CPU.
ä
2.80v
¡G
For
Intel Pentium MMX
and
C
yrix 6x86L CPU.
ä 2.70v ¡G For future CPUs.
ä 2.50v ¡G For future CPUs. (Depend on hardware
revision.)
ä 3.20v ¡G For AMD K6/PR-233 and future CPUs. (Depend on
hardware revision.)
ä 3.30v ¡G For Intel MMX CPU.
/ I/O Plane Voltage:
ä 3.52v ¡G Reserved
ä 3.38v ¡G For some of the dual voltage CPUs (default) currently
available.
ä 3.30v ¡G For some of the dual voltage CPUs (default) currently
available.
The CPU voltage must be set according to voltage indications via CPU
Marking given by the manufacturer. Since the CPU voltage will decrease as
technology improves, we have reserved some options according to what we can
forecast from present documentation. We cannot give you detailed information
about the voltage required by each kind of CPU in this chapter. For the correct
values, refer to appendices B, C and D.
¤ Set up the voltage via CPU Marking:
If you consider using the Appendices to set up as too complicated, you
can use the CPU Marking:
within the options under “CPU Marking
Is,” set up via CPU Marking on the CPU.
Notes:
1. If your CPU is a dual voltage one and that the voltage set up is 3.52V,
our mainboard features a hardware protection circuit that will lower
the voltage between 2.8V and 2.9V, which is within the CPU
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Chapter 3
operating voltage limits.
2. The voltage value given is the central value. For example, the voltage
range of 3.52V is 3.45V to 3.6V. The central voltage value between
3.45V and 3.6V is 3.52V.
Introduction of BIOS
3-9
Attention: After setting up the parameters and you leave the BIOS SETUP, and
you have verified that the system can be booted, do not press the
Reset button or turn off the power supply.
Otherwise the BIOS
will not read correctly, the parameters will fail and you must enter
CPU SOFT MENU™ again to set up the parameters all over again.
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Chapter 3
- Standard CMOS Setup Menu
It is the basic configuration parameters of the BIOS. These parameters
include the settings of date, hour, VGA card, FDD and HDD.
Fig 3-2
l
Standard CMOS Setup Menu
Set up of HDD operating mode ¡i NORMAL, LBA,
LARGE ¡j
Since old operating systems were only able to support HDD whose capacity
was not bigger than 528MB, any hard disk with more than 528MB was
unusable. AWARD BIOS features a solution to this problem: you can,
according to your operating system, choose three operating modes:
NORMAL, LBA or LARGE.
ä Normal mode:
Standard normal mode supports hard disks of 528MB or less.
This mode directly uses positions indicated by Cylinders
(CYLS), Heads, and Sectors to access data.
Introduction of BIOS
3-11
ä LBA (Logical Block Addressing) mode:
LBA mode supports hard disk drives up to 8.4Giga. This mode
uses a different method to calculate the position of disk data to
be accessed. It translates Cylinders (CYLS), Heads and Sectors
into a logical address where data are located. The Cylinders,
Heads, and Sectors displayed in this menu do not reflect the
actual structure of the hard disk, they are just reference values
used to calculate actual positions. Currently, all high capacity
hard disks support this mode, that’s why we recommend you
use this mode. The HDD AUTODETECTION option in the
Main Menu will automatically detect the parameters of your
hard disk and the mode supported.
ä LARGE Mode:
When the number of cylinders (CYLs) of the hard disk exceeds
1024 and DOS is not able to support it, or if your operating
system does not support LBA mode, you should select this
mode.
l
FDD supporting 3 Mode:
3 Mode floppy disk drives (FDD) are 3 1/2” drives used in Japanese
computer systems. If you need to access data stored in this kind of floppy,
you must select this mode, and of course you must have a 3 Mode floppy
drive.
2 For further information about HDD installation, refer to Appendix E.
3-12
Chapter 3
® BIOS Features Setup Menu
BIOS Features Setup Menu has already been set for maximum operation. If
you do not really understand each of the options in this menu, we recommend
you use default values.
In each item, you can press <F1> at any time to display all the options for
this item.
Fig 3-3
BIOS Features Setup
Virus Warning:
This item can be set as Enable or Disable.
When this feature is enabled, if there is any attempt from a software or an
application to access the boot sector or the partition table, the BIOS will
warn you that a boot virus is attempting to access to the hard disk.
CPU Internal Cache:
This item is used to Enable or to Disable the CPU internal cache. When the
cache is set at Disable, it is much slower, so the default setting for this item
is Enable. Some old and very bad programs will make the computer
malfunction or crash if the system speed is to high. In that case, you should
Disable this feature.
Introduction of BIOS
3-13
CPU External Cache:
This item is used to enable or to disable the CPU external cache. When the
external cache is enabled, the system works faster. The default is Enable.
Quick power on self test:
After the computer has been powered on, the BIOS of the mainboard will
run a series of tests in order to check the system and its peripherals. If the
Quick power on self test feature is Enable, the BIOS will simplify the test
procedures in order to speed up the boot process. The default is Enable.
Boot Sequence:
When the computer boots up, it can load the operating system from floppy
drive A:, hard disk drive C:, SCSI disk drive or CD-ROM. There are many
options for the boot sequence:
ä A, C, SCSI
ä C, A, SCSI
ä C, CD-ROM, A
ä CD-ROM, C, A
ä D, A, SCSI (at least 2 IDE HDD can be used)
ä E, A, SCSI (at least 3 IDE HDD can be used)
ä F, A, SCSI (at least 4 IDE HDD can be used)
ä SCSI, A, C
ä SCSI, C, A
ä A, SCSI, C
ä LS120, C
Swap Floppy Drive:
This item can be set as Enable or Disable.
When this feature is enabled, you don’t need to open the computer case to
swap the position of floppy disk drive connectors. Drive A: can be set as
drive B:, and drive B: can be set as drive A:.
Boot Up Floppy Seek:
When computer boots up, the BIOS detects if the system has FDD or not.
When this item is enabled, if the BIOS detects no floppy drive, it will
display a floppy disk drive error message. If this item is disabled, the BIOS
will skip this test.
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Chapter 3
Boot Up NumLock Status:
ä On: At boot up, the Numeric Keypad is in numeric mode.
ä Off: At boot up, the Numeric Keypad is in cursor control mode.
IDE HDD Block Mode:
This item can be set as Enable or Disable.
Most of new hard disk drives (IDE drives) support multi-sector transfers.
This feature speeds up hard disk drive access performance and reduces the
time necessary to access data. When this item is enabled, the BIOS will
automatically detect if your hard disk drive supports this feature or not, and
will choose the right settings for you.
2 For further details about hard disk drive installation, refer to appendix E.
Typematic Rate Setting:
This item allows you to adjust the keystroke repeat rate. When enabled,
you can set the two keyboard typematic control that follow (Typematic
Rate and Typematic Rate Delay). If this item is disabled, the BIOS will use
the default setting.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec):
When you press a key continuously, the keyboard will repeat the keystroke
according to the rate you have set. (Unit: characters/second ¡^
Typematic Rate Delay (Msec):
When you press a key continuously, if you exceed the delay you have set
here, the keyboard will automatically repeat the keystroke according a
certain rate. (Unit: milliseconds)
Introduction of BIOS
3-15
Security Option:
This option can be set to System or to Setup.
After you have created a password through PASSWORD SETTING, this
option will deny access to your system (System) or modification of
computer setup (BIOS Setup) by unauthorized users.
ä SYSTEM: When you choose System, a password is required each time
the computer boots up. If the correct password is not given, the system
will not start.
ä SETUP: When you choose Setup, a password is required only when
accessing the BIOS Setup. If you have not set a password in the
PASSWORD SETTING option, this option is not available.
Notice: Don’t forget your password. If you forget the password, you will
have to open the computer case and clear all information in the
CMOS before you can start up the system. But doing this, you
have to reset all the options you had set up before.
PCI /VGA Palette Snoop:
This option allows the BIOS to preview VGA Status, and to modify the
information delivered from the Feature Connector of the VGA card to the
MPEG Card. This option can solve the display inversion to black after you
have used the MPEG card.
Delay IDE Initial:
This item is using for support some old model or special type of hard disks
or CDROMs .
Because the BIOS may not detect those kinds of
devices during system booting .
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB:
When the system memory is bigger than 64MB, the communication method
between the BIOS and the operating system will differ from one operating
system to another. If you use OS/2, select OS2; if you choose another
operating system, select Non-OS2.
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Chapter 3
Video BIOS Shadow:
This option is used to define whether the BIOS on the video card uses
shadow feature or not. You should set this option to Enable, otherwise the
display performance of the system will greatly decrease.
Shadowing address ranges (C8000-CBFFF Shadow):
This option allows you to decide if the memory block (BIOS) of an
interface card at the address C8000-CBFFF uses the shadow feature or not.
If you have no interface card using this memory block, don’t enable this
option.
Shadowing address ranges (CC000-CFFFF Shadow):
This option allows you to decide if the memory block (BIOS) of an
interface card at the address CC000-CFFFF uses the shadow feature or not.
If you have no interface card using this memory block, don’t enable this
option.
Shadowing address ranges (D0000-D3FFF Shadow):
This option allows you to decide if the memory block (BIOS) of an
interface card at the address D0000-D3FFF uses the shadow feature or not.
If you have no interface card using this memory block, don’t enable this
option.
Shadowing address ranges (D4000-D7FFF Shadow):
This option allows you to decide if the memory block (BIOS) of an
interface card at the address D4000-D7FFF uses the shadow feature or not.
If you have no interface card using this memory block, don’t enable this
option.
Shadowing address ranges (D8000-DBFFF Shadow):
This option allows you to decide if the memory block (BIOS) of an
interface card at the address D8000-DBFFF uses the shadow feature or not.
If you have no interface card using this memory block, don’t enable this
option.
Introduction of BIOS
3-17
Shadowing address ranges (DC000-DFFFF Shadow):
This option allows you to decide if the memory block (BIOS) of an
interface card at the address DC000-DFFFF uses the shadow feature or not.
If you have no interface card using this memory block, don’t enable this
option.
Computer
knowledge
SHADOW
What is the SHADOW? The BIOS of standard video or
interface cards is stored in ROM, and it is often very slow.
With the Shadow feature, the CPU reads the BIOS on the
VGA card and copies it into RAM. When the CPU runs this
BIOS, the operation is speeded up.
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Chapter 3
¯ Chipset Features Setup Menu
The Chipset Features Setup Menu is used to modify the contents of the
buffers in the chipset on the mainboard. Since the parameters of the buffers are
closely related to hardware, if the setup is not correct or false, the mainboard
will become unstable or you will not be able to boot up. If you don’t know the
hardware very well, use default values (use the LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
option).
Fig 3-4
Chipset Features Setup
You can use the arrow keys to move between the items. Use "PgUP",
"PgDn", "+" and "-" to change the values. When you have finished setting up the
chipset, press "ESC" to go back to the main menu.
Auto Configuration:
This option allows (Enable) or prevents (Disable) the BIOS from using
default values for Auto Configuration. The BIOS default is Enable.
ä When you select Enable, the BIOS will automatically use the values
related to DRAM. You will not be able to set up the following options.
ä When you select Disable, you can manually set up DRAM options.
Introduction of BIOS
3-19
Attention:Unless you are very familiar with your computer and with the
DRAM configuration and speed, we recommend you not
change the DRAM options but enable this option.
DRAM settings:
The other DRAM settings are all closely related to hardware. If you do not
understand this very well, don’t make any changes. Our BIOS is able to
autodetect the characteristics of your DRAM and to choose the best
settings.
Memory Hole At 15M-16M:
This option is used to free up the 15M-16M memory block. Some special
peripherals need to use a memory bloc located between 15M and 16M, and
this memory block has a size of 1M. We recommend that you disable this
option.
There are small differences in the chipset feature setup according to
different mainboard models, but this has no influence upon performance. Our
default setup should be the best one. That is the reason why we do not describe
all the features of this menu.
3-20
Chapter 3
° Power Management Setup Menu
The difference between Green PCs and traditional computers is that Green PCs
have a power management feature. With this feature, when the computer is powered on
but inactive, the power consumption is reduced in order to save energy. When the
computer operates normally, it is in Normal mode. In this mode, the Power Management
Program will control the access to video, parallel ports, serial ports and drives, and the
operating status of the keyboard, mouse and other device. These are referred to as
Power Management Events. In cases where none of these events occur, the system
enters the power saving mode. When one of the controlled events occurs, the system
immediately returns to normal mode and operates at its maximum speed. Power saving
modes can be divided into three modes according to their power consumption: Doze
Mode, Standby Mode , and Suspend Mode. The four modes proceed in the following
sequence:
Normal Mode===> Doze Mode===> Standby Mode===> Suspend Mode
The system consumption is reduced according the following sequence:
Normal
>
Doze >
Standby
>
Suspend
1. In the Main Menu, select "Power Management Setup" and press "Enter". The
following screen is displayed:
Fig 3-5
Power Management Setup Menu
Introduction of BIOS
3-21
2. Use arrow keys to go to the item you want to configure. To change the
settings, use "PgUP", "PgDn", "+" and "-".
3. After you have configured the Power Management feature, press “Esc” to go
back to the Main Menu.
We are now going to briefly explain the options in this menu:
Power Management:
Four options:
ä
User Define
User Define defines the delay for accessing the power modes.
ä
Disable
Disable Power Management features.
ä
Min Saving
When the three saving modes are enabled, the system is set up for
minimum power savings.
Doze = 1 hour
Standby = 1 hour
Suspend = 1 hour
ä
Max Saving
When the three saving modes are enabled, the system is set up for
maximum power savings.
Doze = 1 minute
Standby = 1 minute
Suspend = 1 minute
PM Control by APM:
Power Management is completely controlled by the APM.
APM stands for Advanced Power Mangement, it is a power management
standard set by Microsoft, Intel and other major manufacturers.
Video Off Method:
Three video off methods are available: "Blank", "V/H SYNC+Blank" and
"DPMS". The default is "V/H SYNC+Blank".
If this setting does not shut off the screen, select “Blank”. If your monitor
and video card support DMPS standard, select “DPMS”.
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Chapter 3
Video Off After:
Select the saving mode in which the video is switched off.
ä
Always On
The video will never be switched off in no saving mode.
ä
All Modes Off
The video will be switched off in all saving modes.
ä
Standby
The video will only be switched off in Standby or Suspend mode.
ä
Suspend
The video will only be switched off in Suspend mode.
IDE HDD Power Down:
If the system has not accessed data on the hard disk drive during the
specified time period, the engine of the HDD will stop in order to save
electricity.
You can set 1 to 15 minutes or select Disable according to your use of the
HDD.
Doze Mode:
When the setting selected for "Power Management" is "User Define", you
can define for this mode any delay from 1 minute to 1 hour. If no power
management event occurs during this time period, meaning that computer is
inactive during this period, the system will enter the Doze power saving
mode.
If this mode is disabled, the system will enter the next mode in the sequence
(Standby or Suspend mode).
Standby Mode:
When the setting selected for "Power Management" is "User Define", you
can define for this mode any delay from 1 minute to 1 hour. If no power
management event occurs during this time period, meaning the computer is
inactive during this period, the system will enter the Standby power saving
mode.
If this mode is disabled, the system will enter the next mode in the sequence
(Suspend mode).
Introduction of BIOS
3-23
Suspend Mode:
When the setting selected for "Power Management" is "User Define", you
can define for this mode any delay from 1 minute to 1 hour. If no power
management event occurs during this time period, meaning the computer is
inactive during this period, the system will enter the Suspend power saving
mode. The CPU stops working completely.
If this mode is disabled, the system will not enter the Suspend mode.
Throttle Duty Cycle:
This is used to specify the CPU speed in saving mode. Seven options are
available: 12.5%, 25.0%, 37.5%, 50.0%, 62.5%, 75.0% or 87.5%.
CPU Fan Off In Suspend:
CPU fan can be turn off in suspend mode.
Power Button Override:
Support ACPI Power Button Over-ride. The user presses the power button
for more then four seconds while the system is in the working state, then
the system will transition to the soft-off(Power off by software). This is
called the power button over-ride.
Break Event From Suspend:
Support ACPI RTC Alarm Function (via IRQ8).
Reload Global Timer Events
When one of the speficied occurs, the count down made for entry in power
saving mode goes back to zero.
Since the computer will enter a power saving mode only after an inactivity
delay specified (time speficied for Doze, Standby and Suspend modes) and
after it has no activity, during this time period, any event will cause the
computer to re-count the time elapsed. Resume events are operations or
signals that cause the computer to resume time counting.
Resume by Ring:
Special function supports by ATX power supply.
To connect a external
EODEM with the build-in serial port, the system will be turned on when
telephone ring-up.
3-24
Chapter 3
± PCI & Onboard I/O Setup
In this menu, you can change the INT# and IRQ of the PCI bus and the
onboard I/O device, I/O port address and other hardware settings.
Fig 3-6
PCI & Onboard I/O Setup
Reset PnP Config Data:
If you want to clear ESCD data next time you boot up, and ask the BIOS to
reset the settings for the Plug & Play ISA Card and the PCI Card, select
Enabled. But the next time you boot up, this option will automatically be set
as Disabled.
Computer
Knowledge
ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data)
The ESCD contains the IRQ, DMA, I/O Port, Memory
information of the system. This is a specification and a feature
specific to Plug & Play BIOS.
Introduction of BIOS
3-25
BIOS Auto-Config PCI IRQ:
This option enables or disables the BIOS capability to automatically assign
IRQs. The BIOS default is Disable.
When you select Enable, the BIOS will automatically assign the correct IRQ
to the interrupt number (INT#) of the PCI slots. When this option is disabled,
you have to assign IRQs used by the interrupt number (INT#) of the PCI
slots.
Xth Available IRQ:
You can select four IRQs out of the 10 listed (IRQ3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12,
14, 15) to be assigned for use by the interrupt number (INT#) of the PCI
slot.
1st Available IRQ:
This means that the first interrupt number (INT#) found on the PCI bus will
use this IRQ. That is, this IRQ will be assigned to the first interrupt number
(INT#) found on the PCI bus.
2nd Available IRQ:
This means that the second interrupt number (INT#) found on the PCI bus
will use this IRQ. That is, this IRQ will be assigned to the second interrupt
number (INT#) found on the PCI bus.
The third and the fourth available IRQ will be assigned in sequence to
the third and the fourth interrupt numbers (INT#) found on the PCI
bus.
PCI IDE Card 2nd Channel:
This option can be enabled or disabled. BIOS default is Enable.
Since this channel uses IRQ15, if you want to use this channel, you have to
enable this option to make the BIOS assign IRQ15 to this channel.
PCI IDE Card IRQ Map to:
Three options are available for this item: PCI Auto, PCI-slotX and ISA.
ä PCI-Auto: The onboard BIOS auto-detects which PCI slot has an IDE
card inserted in.
3-26
Chapter 3
ä PCI-slotX: Some old PCI IDE cards cannot be detected by the BIOS. If
the onboard BIOS cannot detect a PCE IDE card, you have to specify
on which PCI slot the IDE card is inserted, to make the BIOS assign
IRQ14 for use by the interrupt number (INT#) of this PCI slot.
ä ISA: If you select ISA, it means that your PCI IDE card features a
“paddleboard” and a cable that can be connected to IRQ on the ISA slot,
because the BIOS will not assign any IRQ to this PCI slot.
Attention:Primary Channel and Secondary Channel : The BIOS needs two
independent interrupt number (INT#) lines to be allocated to the
PCI IDE card. Be careful not to choose twice the same interrupt
number (INT#).
Note:
The interrupt signals of PCI slots were design in the following
connect rules, if the drivers or BIOS which bundle by the PCI
cards that you using (specially for some old model of PCI cards)
limitations to avoid some confict with other IRQ signals you
should watch out this kind of situation.
+ The INT#A signal of the first PCI slot, the INT#B signal of the
second PCI slot, the INT#C signal of the third PCI slot and the
INT#D signal of the fourth PCI slot, are the same, so be
careful not to use them simultaneously.
+ The INT#B signal of the first PCI slot, the INT#C signal of the
second PCI slot, the INT#D signal of the third PCI slot and the
INT#A signal of the fourth PCI slot, are the same, so be
careful not to use them simultaneously.
+ The INT#C signal of the first PCI slot, the INT#D signal of the
second PCI slot, the INT#A signal of the third PCI slot and the
INT#B signal of the fourth PCI slot, are the same, so be
careful not to use them simultaneously.
+ The INT#D signal of the first PCI slot, the INT#A signal of the
second PCI slot, the INT#B signal of the third PCI slot and the
INT#C signal of the fourth PCI slot, are the same, so be
careful not to use them simultaneously.
On Board FDD Controller:
This is to Enable or Disable the Onboard FDD Controller.
Introduction of BIOS
3-27
On board Serial Port 1:
This is used to specify the I/O address and IRQ of Serial Port 1. Ten
options are available: Disable, 3F8h/IRQ4, 2F8h/IRQ3, 3E8h/IRQ4 or
2E8h/IRQ3.3F8/IRO10, 2F8/IRQ11, 3E8/IRQ10, 2E8/IRQ11, and AUTO.
On board Serial Port 2:
This is used to specify the I/O address and IRQ of Serial Port 2. Ten
options are available: Disable, 3F8h/IRQ4, 2F8h/IRQ3, 3E8h/IRQ4 or
2E8h/IRQ3. 3F8/IRO10, 2F8/IRQ11, 3E8/IRQ10, 2E8/IRQ11, and
AUTO.
On board IR Controller:
This is to Enable or Disable the Onboard IR Controller.
/ IR Address Select:
This is used to specify the I/O address. Four options are available:
2F8H, 2E8H, 3F8H , 3E8H, 3E0H ,and 2E0H .
/ IR IRQ Select:
This is used to specify the IRQ of IR. Four options are available:
IRQ3,IRQ4,IRQ10 or IRQ11.
/ IR Transmission Delay:
Set IR transmission delays 4 character-time(40 bit-time) when SIR is
changed form RX mode to TX mode.
/ IR Mode Select:
Four options are available:
ä IrDA (HPSIR)mode.
ä ASK IR (Amplitude Shift Keyed IR)mode.
On board parallel Port:
Set the I/O address and IRQ of the onboard parallel port. Four options are
available: Disable, 3BCh/IRQ7, 278h/IRQ5 and 378h/IRQ7. Default is
378h/IRQ7.
/ Parallel Port Mode:
Can be set as ECP, EPP , ECP+EPP, or Normal (SPP) mode. Default
is Normal (SPP) mode.
/ ECP Mode Use DMA:
When the mode selected for the onboard parallel port is ECP, the
DMA channel selected can be Channel 1 or Channel 3.
3-28
Chapter 3
/ EPP Mode Select:
When the mode selected for the onboard parallel port is EPP, two
EPP version options are available: EPP1.7 or EPP1.9 .
On board IDE-1 Controller:
Onboard PCI IDE 1 controller can be set as Enable or Disable.
/ Master drive PIO Mode:
ä Auto: the BIOS can auto-detect the PIO mode of the HDD in
order to set its data transfer rate. (Default)
ä Mode 0~Mode 4: User can specify the PIO mode of the HDD in
order to set its data transfer rate.
/ Slave drive PIO Mode:
ä Auto: the BIOS can auto-detect the PIO mode of the HDD in
order to set its data transfer rate. (Default)
ä Mode 0~Mode 4: User can specify the PIO mode of the HDD in
order to set its data transfer rate.
On board IDE-2 Controller:
The onboard IDE-2 controller can be set at Enable of Disable.
/ Master drive PIO Mode:
ä Auto: the BIOS can auto-detect the PIO mode of the HDD
installed in order to set its data transfer rate. (Default)
ä Mode 0~Mode 4: User can specify the PIO mode of the HDD in
order to set its data transfer rate.
/ Slave drive PIO Mode:
ä Auto: the BIOS can auto-detect the PIO mode of the HDD
installed in order to set its data transfer rate. (Default)
ä Mode 0~Mode 4: User can specify the PIO mode of the HDD in
order to set its data transfer rate.
Computer
knowledge
MODE 0~4 reflects the HDD data transfer rate. The higher the
MODE value is, the better is the HDD data transfer rate. But it
does not mean that you can select the highest MODE value
just as you like, you first have to be sure that your HDD
supports this MODE, otherwise the hard disk will not be able
to operate normally.
2 For further information about HDD installation, refer to Appendix E.
Introduction of BIOS
3-29
² Load BIOS Defaults
BIOS defaults are the reference settings that allow your system to work at
a comparatively low performance. When you choose the option, the following
message is displayed:
“Load BIOS Defaults (Y/N)? N”
If you want to use BIOS default values, press “Y”, than <Enter>.
³ Load Setup Defaults
Setup defaults are the settings that allow your system to operate at its
highest performance. When you choose this option, the following message is
displayed:
“Load Setup Defaults (Y/N)? N”
If you want to use BIOS Setup default values, press “Y”, than <Enter> to
complete the loading of the settings for best performance.
You should first load the best settings, than enter the CPU Soft Menu to
set up CPU parameters, otherwise the BIOS will replace set parameters by
default parameters.
3-30
Chapter 3
´ Password Setting
This option allows you to set a password required to start the system
(System) or to access to the BIOS (Setup).
After you have set a password through the PASSWORD SETTING option,
you can enter the Security Option in the “BIOS Features Setup Menu” to select
the security level in order to prevent any unauthorized access.
Password setting procedure:
When you choose the Password setting option, the following message
is displayed:
“Enter Password:“
Type your password. When complete, press <Enter>. The following
message is displayed:
“Confirm Password:“
Type your password again. When complete, press <Enter>. The password
setting is completed.
Password clearing procedure:
When you select the Password setting option, the following message is
displayed:
“Enter Password:“
Press <Enter>, the message “Password Disable” is displayed. Press a key.
The password clearing procedure is completed.
Notice:
Do not forget your password. If you forget it, you will have to
open the computer case, clear the contents of the CMOS, and
boot the system up again. But doing this, you must reset all your
settings.
Introduction of BIOS
3-31
µ IDE HDD Auto Detection
After you have installed the hard disk, in old systems, you had to know the
hard disk specifications, such as the number of cylinders, heads and sectors, and
to enter the relevant information into the hard disk information section. If the
CMOS data were erased, and you had forgotten the hard disk specifications, it
was a great problem. But now, you can use this option to autodetect the hard
disk type and specifications, and the BIOS will automatically detect all the
relevant information and place them in the Hard Disk data section of the
Standard CMOS Setup Menu, in order to allow you to use your hard disk.
Quick Installation
Appendix A
A-1
Quick Installation
Appendix A will give you a simplified installation procedure, in order to
allow you to install tour mainboard quickly and correctly.
If you need further information or if you need to change some other settings,
read from Chapters 1.
Installing the CPU:
Lift up the lever of the CPU socket, insert your
CPU on the socket, and lower the lever back in position. Don’t worry, if you
don’t respect the correct orientation, you will not be able to insert the CPU.
Adjusting CPU voltage and speed:
According to your CPU voltage
and speed, set up the CPU in the CPU SOFT MENU™ of the BIOS SETUP.
For information about your CPU, refer to appendices B, C or D, and to
information labeled on the CPU itself.
Installing DRAM:
SIMM1 ~ SIMM4, DIMM1 ~ DIMM3 (AX5)
SIMM1 ~ SIMM2, DIMM1 ~ DIMM2 (PX5)
SIMM1 ~ SIMM4, DIMM1 ~ DIMM2 (TX5)
Since Pentium are 64-bit CPUs, you have to use two 72-pin DRAM modules, or
one 168-pin DRAM module.
Installing FDD:
FDC- Connect one end of the 34-pin cable that comes
with the drive to the FDD connector, and the other end of the cable to the FDC
pin connector on the mainboard.
Note: Be sure that the red line on the cable connects to the first pin of the
connectors.
A-2
Appendix A
Installing HDD:
IDE1- Connect one end of the 40-pin cable that comes
with the drive to the HDD connector, and the other end to IDE1 pin connector
on the mainboard.
Note: Be sure that the red line on the cable connects to the first pin of the
connectors.
Installing CD-ROM Drive:
IDE2- Connect one end of the 40-pin
cable that comes with the drive to the CD-ROM connector, and the other end to
the IDE2 pin connector on the mainboard.
Note: Be sure that the red line on the cable connects to the first pin of the
connectors.
Installing parallel port:
LPT- Connect the 26-pin cable that comes
with the hardware to the LPT connector on the mainboard.
Installing serial port:
COM1- Connect the 10-pin cable that comes
with the hardware to connector COM1 on the mainboard.
COM2- Connect the other 10-pin cable to connector COM2 on the mainboard.
Attach the bracket of Parallel Port, Serial Port and PS2 Mouse on the
computer case.
Watch the pin position and the
orientation
PN1 - There is a specific orientation for pin 1 to pin 5. Insert the five-threads
keylock cable into correct pins of connector on the mainboard.
Installing Keylock connector:
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
Name of the signal or signification
+5VDC
No connection
Ground
Keyboard inhibit Signal
Ground
Quick Installation
A-3
Watch the pin position and the
orientation
PN1 - There is a specific orientation for pin 7 and pin 8. Connect the twothreads IDE LED connector to the connector on mainboard.
Installing HDD LED connector:
Pin number
7
8
Name of the signal or signification
HDD LED signal ¡i LED Cathode ¡j
HDD LED signal ¡i LED Anode ¡j
Installing Suspend and Power ON/OFF switch connector:
Watch the pin position and the orientation
PN1 - There is a specific orientation for pin 10 and pin 11. Connect the twothreads suspend switch connector of the computer case to correct pins of
connector on the mainboard. You can ignore this connector since most of
computer cases do not support this feature (the mainboard itself supports it).
Pin number
10
11
Name of the signal or signification
Power on/off
Ground
Sleep LED connector:
PN2 - This connector has a specific orientation.
Connect the two-threads Green LED connector on the mainboard.
Pin number
9
10
Name of the signal or signification
LED’s Cathode
LED’s Anode
Installing speaker connector:
PN2 - There is no specific orientation
for pin 4 to pin 7. Connect the four-threads speaker cable to the PN2 connector
pins on the mainboard.
Pin number
4
5
6
7
Name of the signal or signification
+5VDC
Ground
Ground
Sound Signal
A-4
Appendix A
Watch the pin position and
the orientation
ATXPWR - Connect the power supply unit to the correct connectors on the
mainboard.
Installing ATX Power input connector:
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Name of the signal or
signification
+3.3VDC
+3.3VDC
Ground
+5VDC
Ground
+5VDC
Ground
POWERGOOD
+5VDC
+12VDC
Pin number
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Name of the signal or
signification
+3.3VDC
-12VDC
Ground
PS_ON
Ground
Ground
Ground
-5VDC
+5VDC
+5VDC
Watch the pin position and the
orientation
Connect connectors P8 and P9 (PX5,TX5) or the power supply unit to the
correct connectors on the mainboard.
Installing Power input connector:
Pin number
1
2
3
4
5
6
Name of the signal or
signification
POWERGOOD
+5VDC
+12VDC
-12VDC
Ground
Ground
Installing Keyboard connector:
Pin number
7
8
9
10
11
12
Name of the signal or
signification
Ground
Ground
-5VDC
+5VDC
+5VDC
+5VDC
KB1 - There is an orientation pin.
Connect your keyboard connector to connector on the mainboard.
Quick Installation
A-5
Installing PS2 Mouse:
Mouse - Connect the six-threads PS/2 Mouse
cable that comes with the hardware to the connector on the mainboard. Install
the bracket located on the other end of the computer case. When you buy a
Mouse, it has to be a PS/2 Mouse for it to be connected to this port.
Attach the bracket of Parallel Port, Serial Port and PS2 Mouse on the
computer case.
Installing CPU Fan Power connector:
FAN1 - There is a specific
orientation. Connect the three-threads CPU Fan power cable to the Fan
connector on the mainboard.
AX5/PX5
Pin number
1
2
3
FAN1
Name of the signal or signification
Ground
+12V
Ground
TX5
FAN1/FAN2/FAN3
Pin number Name of the signal or signification
1
Sensor
2
+12V
3
Control on/off
Adjusting other jumpers:
Some jumpers are reserved for future
functions or are not to be adjusted in normal operation. Adjust them according
to the following recommendations.
CCMOS ¡G
Put jumper on pin 1 and pin 2.
BIOS Setup:
Parameters and CPU settings After you have followed the
steps described above and completed the installation, when you power the
computer on, you will see the following message displayed:
PRESS DEL TO ENTER SETUP
Press immediately Del key to enter BIOS Setup. Select Load Setup Defaults,
than enter CPU Soft Menu to set CPU parameters.
A-6
Appendix A
Intel Pentium CPUs
B-1
Appendix B
Intel Pentium CPUs
Pentium 75MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Speed
Spec.
Clock
Factor
Clock
P54CS
Q0649
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx753
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SX961
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
75 MHz
Power
Vcore
VIO
CPU
Timing
DP
Supp. Note
SX969
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0700/S
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0749/S
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0837
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SY005
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0540
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0541
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0666
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SX961
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SZ977
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0700
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0749
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
SX998
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
SZ994
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
SU070
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0689
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
2.9V
3.3V
Yes
P54C
SK091
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
2.9V
3.3V
Yes
P54C
Q0851
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
2.9V
3.3V
Yes
P54C
SK122
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
2.9V
3.3V
P54C
SU097
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SU098
75MHz
1.5
50MHz
STD
STD
Yes
Yes
B-2
Appendix B
Pentium 90MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Speed
Spec
Clock
Factor
Clock
P54C
Sx653
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx957
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0654
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx958
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
90 MHz
Power
Vcore
VIO
CPU
Timing
DP
Supp. Note
Q0655
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
Sx959
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0699/S
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx968
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx969
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0783
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sy006
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0542
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0613
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0543
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
DP
Yes
P54C
Sx879
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx885
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
Sx909
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0628
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0611
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0612
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx923
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx922
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx921
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
Sz951
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0653
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0654
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Sz978
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0699
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sz995
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SU031
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0695
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
2.9V
3.3V
Yes
P54C
SK092
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
2.9V
3.3V
Yes
P54C
Q0852
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
2.9V
3.3V
Yes
P54C
SK123
90MHz
1.5
60MHz
2.9V
3.3V
Yes
Intel Pentium CPUs
B-3
Pentium 100MHz
CPU
Speed
P54C
P54C
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Spec
Clock
Factor
Clock
Sx886
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
Power
Vcore
VIO
STD
CPU
Timing
DP
Supp. Note
MD
No
Sx910
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VR
MD
No
Sx956
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
No
P54C
Sx960
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VRE
MD
No
P54C
Q0657
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VR
MD
No
P54C
Q0658
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54C
Sx962
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0698/S
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0697/S
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx963
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Sx970
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0784
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SY007
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0563
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0587
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0614
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VR
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0677
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0656
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0698
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54C
Q0697
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SZ996
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SU032
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0853
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
2.9V
3.3V
MD
Yes
P54C
SK124
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
2.9V
3.3V
MD
Yes
P54C
SY046
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
P54C
Q0784
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SU110
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
SU099
100MHz
1.5
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54C
100 MHz
Yes
B-4
Appendix B
Pentium120MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Speed
Spec.
Clock
Factor
Clock
P54CQS
Q0708
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54CQS 120 MHz
Q0711
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54CQS
Q0730
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54CQS
Sk084
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54CQS
Sk086
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54C
Sx994
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
MD
No
Q0732/S 120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
MD
No
P54C
Power
Vcore
VIO
CPU
Timing
DP
Supp. Note
P54C
Q0785
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
STD
No
P54C
SY008
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
STD
No
P54C
SY033
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
STD
No
P54C
Q0707
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
STD
No
P54C
Q0732
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
MD
No
P54C
SU033
120MHz
2
60MHz
VRE
MD
No
P54C
Q0776
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
Yes
P54C
SK110
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
Yes
P54C
Q0808
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
Yes
P54C
SX999
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
Yes
P54C
SY030
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
Yes
P54C
SU100
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
STD
No
P54CS
Q031
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
KIT
Yes
P54CS
SY062
120MHz
2
60MHz
STD
KIT
Yes
Convert to P54C
Convert to P54C
Intel Pentium CPUs
B-5
Pentium 133MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Speed
Spec
Clock
Factor
Clock
P54CS
Q0772
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54CS
Q0773
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Kit
Yes
P54CS
Q0774
133MHz
2
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
P54CS
Q0877
133MHz
2
66MHz
VRE
STD
Yes
P54CS
Sk106
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54CS
S106J
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Yes
P54CS
Sk107
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Yes
P54CS
Q0843
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Yes
P54CS
SY022
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Yes
P54CS
Q0844
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Yes
P54CS
SY023
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Yes
SU038
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
Yes
STD
P54CS
133 MHz
Power
Vcore
VIO
CPU
Timing
DP
Supp. Note
P54CS
SU073
133MHz
2
66MHz
P54CS
Q0882
133MHz
2
66MHz
Yes
Yes
P54CS
SY082
133MHz
2
66MHz
Yes
P54CQS
Q0733
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
MD
Yes
Convert to P54CS
P54CQS
Sk098
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
MD
Yes
Convert to P54CS
P54CQS
Q0751
133MHz
2
66MHz
STD
MD
Yes
P54CQS
Q0775
133MHz
2
66MHz
VRE
MD
Yes
Convert to P54CS
B-6
Appendix B
Pentium 150MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Speed
Spec
Clock
Factor
Clock
P54CS
Q0835
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54CS
SY015
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54CS
Q0878
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
P54CS
SU071
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
STD
STD
Yes
Q0939
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
2.9V
3.3V
P55C
Q0941
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
2.9V
3.3V
PPGA
P55C
Q974
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
2.8V
3.3V
CPGA
P55C
Q977
150MHz
2.5
60MHz
2.8V
3.3V
PPGA
P55C
150 MHz
Power
Vcore
VIO
CPU
Timing
DP
Supp. Note
PPGA
CPGA
Pentium 166MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Speed
Spec
Clock
Factor
Clock
SY016
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Yes
P54CS
Power
Vcore
VIO
CPU
Timing
DP
Supp. Note
P54CS
Q0841
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Yes
P54CS
SY017
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Yes
P54CS
Q0949
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
P54CS
SY037
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
P54CS
166MHz
Kit
No
PPGA up
No
PPGA up
Q0951F
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Kit
Yes
PPGA
P54CS
SY044
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Kit
Yes
PPGA
P54CS
Q0836
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Yes
P54CS
Q0886
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Yes
PPGA
P54CS
Q0890
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Yes
PPGA
P54CS
SY072
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
VRE
Yes
P55C
Q0940
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
2.9V
3.3V
CPGA
P55C
Q0942
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
2.9V
3.3V
PPGA
P55C
Q975
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
2.8V
3.3V
CPGA
P55C
Q978
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
2.8V
3.3V
PPGA
P55C
Q019
166MHz
2.5
66MHz
2.8V
3.3V
PPGA
Intel Pentium CPUs
B-7
Pentium 200MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
Speed
Spec
Clock
Factor
Clock
P54CS
Q0951
200MHz
3
66MHz
VRE
No
PPGA up
P54CS
SY045
200MHz
3
66MHz
VRE
Kit
No
PPGA up
Q0951F
200MHz
3
66MHz
VRE
Kit
Yes
PPGA
P54CS
SY044
200MHz
3
66MHz
VRE
Yes
PPGA
P55C
Q018
200MHz
3
66MHz
P54CS
200 MHz
Power
Vcore
2.8V
VIO
CPU
DP
Timing
Supp. Note
3.3V
PPGA
Pentium 233MHz
CPU
CPU
Internal
Bus
External
CPU
Speed
Speed
Clock
Factor
Cclock
Vcore
VIO
DIP
Timing Supp
Note
P55C
200MHz
SY060 200MHz
3
66MHz
2.8V
3.3V
PPGA
P55C
233MHz SL2BM 233MHz
3
66MHz
2.8V
3.3V
PPGA
B-8
Appendix B
Y Bus Factor
Power STD
VR
3.15V~3.465V (Recommended voltage is 3.38V)
3.300V~3.465V (Recommended voltage is 3.38V)
VRE 3.450V~3.6V (Recommended voltage is 3.52V)
MD
Standard Timing
Min. Delay (denoting shorter minimum valid delay AC
timing for some signal)
Kit
Supports timing for C55/C88 cache chipsets & design
Timing STD
P54C
1. Beginning with the P54C E-Step, standard timings have been replaced by
existing Min Delay timing.
P54CS
1. P54CS PPGA UP:No DP,No APIC,No FRC
2. Beginning with the P54C E-Step, standard timings have been replaced by
existing Min Delay timing.
P55C
1. P55C A-Step is NOT production stepping
2. A-1 step:
Vcc and timing on initial samples is 2.9V +/- 0.1V
3. A-2 Step and B step: Vcc and timing on production stepping is 2.8V +/- 0.1V
AMD-K5 CPUs
C-1
Appendix C
AMD-K5 CPUs
Recognizing AMD CPU speed, voltage and package:
AMD-K5-PR100 A B Q xx
Reserved
Case Temperature
Q= 60 ¢J
R= 70 ¢J
W=55 ¢J
X= 65 ¢J
Y= 75 ¢J
Processor name
K5
K6
Z= 85 ¢J
P-Rating
PR75 ,PR90 ,PR100,
PR120 ,PR133 ,PR150 ,
PR166 ,166 ,200 ,233
Package Type
A=SPGA (296 pin)
Operating Voltage
B= 3.45V-3.60V
C= 3.30V-3.465V
F= 3.135V-3.465V
G= x/y
H=2.86V-3.00V / 3.30V3.465V
J= 2.57V-2.84V / 3.30V3.465V
K= 2.38V-2.63V / 3.30V3.465V
x = Vcore
; y= Vio
C-2
Appendix C
D-1
Cyrix 6x86 CPUs
Appendix D
Cyrix 6x86 CPUs
Recognizing Cyrix CPU speed and voltage:
Name of the
processor
P-Rating
6x86, 6x86L
90+,120+,133+,
6x86MX
150+,166+,200+
6x86-P166+ GP
133 MHz
CPU Core Frequency
100,110,120,
133,150
3.52V (028)
Center of Core
Voltage
3.3V
3.52V
2.9V
VCC Specification
Full spec.:
3.15V-3.70V
C-spec. (016): 3.15V-3.45V
C-spec. (028): 3.40V-3.70V
D-2
Appendix D
General Discussion about HDD Installation
Appendix E
E-1
General Discussion
about HDD Installation
Most of the present HDDs use IDE interface. Installing an IDE hard disk
does not require a huge amount of intelligence like installing the driver for a
SCSI hard disk, but this means that the user often must install the hard disk by
himself and cope with all the problems he may encounter. Here, we will try to
help you solve these possible problems.
The data stored in the hard disk are accessed through a chipset located on
the mainboard. You probably often hear about the PIO mode, Master mode or
DMA mode of HDD. These modes reflect the way data is transferred from and
to the IDE drive and the mainboard.
What is the PIO mode? When the system needs to access hard disk data,
the CPU delivers input/output (I/O) orders through the chipset on the mainboard
to the hard disk drive, and than puts these data into the system memory. This is
the PIO mode.
What is the Master mode? When the system needs to access hard disk data,
these data are directly accessed from the hard disk by the chipset on the
mainboard (using a DMA or a PIO mode), and then the data is put into the
memory. In this case, the CPU does not participate in the data transfer.
What is the DMA mode? Usually, DMA mode refers to accessing the hard
disk data by the chipset, it does not refers to data transfer mode.
Here are some examples of data transfer rates for IDE HDD with PIO
interface:
PIO Mode 0 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 3.3Mbyte/sec
PIO Mode 1 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 5.2Mbyte/sec
PIO Mode 2 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 8.3Mbyte/sec
PIO Mode 3 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 11.1Mbyte/sec
PIO Mode 4 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 16.6Mbyte/sec
E-2
Appendix E
The higher the MODE value is, the best is the hard disk data transfer rate.
But this does not mean that you can select the highest mode value as you like.
You must be sure that your hard disk supports that type of fast data transfer,
otherwise your hard disk will not be able to operate correctly.
Here are some examples of data transfer rates for IDE HDD with DMA
mode:
DMA Mode 0 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 4.16Mbyte/sec
DMA Mode 1 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 13.3Mbyte/sec
DMA Mode 2 The fastest data transfer rate reaches 16.6Mbyte/sec
Usually, PIO mode means that the hard disk data are accessed by the CPU
through the chipset and placed into memory, and the chipset is using PIO mode
to access hard disk data.
MASTER mode means that hard disk data are accessed by the chipset, and
that the chipset places the data into memory. The chipset is using DMA or PIO
mode to access data stored in the hard disk drive. The Master mode can reduce
the CPU load, especially in a Multi-task environment. This can help system
performance.
General Discussion about HDD Installation
E-3
Installing a hard disk:
In the Standard CMOS Setup Menu,
♦ Primary means the first connector on the mainboard, that is,
connector IDE1 on our mainboard.
♦ Secondary means the second connector on the mainboard, that is,
connector IDE2 on our mainboard.
♦ Two HDDs can be connected to the each connector:
The first HDD is referred to as Master,
The second HDD is referred to as Slave.
The Master or Slave status of the hard disk drive is set on the hard
disk itself. Refer to the hard disk drive manual.
Installing one HDD : The red line on the connection cable must be lined up with pin 1 on the connector.
Be sure that your hard disk drive is set at Master. Actually, most hard
disk drives are set at Master as a default, so you don’t need to adjust
any setting. Just connect one end of the 40 pin cable on the drive
connector, and the other end to connector IDE1 on the mainboard.
Installing one HDD + one CD-ROM drive:
The red line on the connection cable must be lined up
with pin 1 on the connector.
Method 1: Set the HDD at Master, and the CD-ROM drive at Slave.
Connect one connector of the 40-pin cable to the hard disk,
another one to the CD-ROM drive, and the other end to
connector IDE1 on the mainboard.
Method 2: Set the HDD as Master and connect one end of the 40-pin
cable to the HDD, and the other end to connector IDE1 on
the mainboard.
You can ignore the setting of the CD-ROM drive, just
connect one end of the 40-pin cable to the CD-ROM drive,
and the other end to connector IDE2 on the mainboard.
We recommend you use this kind of connection, which has
no influence on HDD speed.
E-4
Appendix E
Installing two HDDs: The red line on the connection cable must be lined up with pin 1 on the connector.
Method 1: Set the hard disk drive used for boot up at Master, and the
other drive at Slave. Connect one of the connectors of the
40-pin cable to the first drive, another connector to the
second drive, and the other end of the cable to connector
IDE1 on the mainboard.
Method 2: Set the hard disk drive used for boot up at Master, connect
one end of the 40-pin cable to the drive, and the other end
to connector IDE1 on the mainboard.
Set the other hard disk drive at Master, connect one end of
the 40-pin cable to the drive, and the other end to
connector IDE2 on the mainboard.
Installing two HDDs + one CD-ROM drive:
The red line on the connection cable must be lined up
with pin 1 on the connector.
Method 1: Set the hard disk drive used for boot up as Master, set the
other HDD at Slave, connect one connector of the 40-pin
cable to the first drive, another connector to the second
drive, and the other end of the cable to connector IDE1 on
the mainboard.
You can ignore the setting of the CD-ROM drive. Connect
one end of the 40-pin cable to the drive, and the other end
to connector IDE2 on the mainboard.
We recommend you use this method, which has no
influence on HDD speed.
Method 2: Set the hard disk drive used for boot up at Master, connect
one end of the 40-pin cable to the drive, and the other end
to connector IDE1 on the mainboard.
Set the other hard disk drive at Master, and be sure that the
CD-ROM drive is set at Slave. Most of CD-ROM drives
are set at Slave as a default, so you will normally not have
to set the CD-ROM drive. After you have verified the
settings, connect one connector of the 40-pin cable to the
HDD, another connector to the CD-ROM drive, and the
other end of the cable to connector IDE2 on the
mainboard.
General Discussion about HDD Installation
E-5
Installing three HDDs: The red line on the connection cable must be lined up with pin 1 on the connector.
Method 1: Set the hard disk drive used for boot up at Master, set the
second drive at Slave. Connect one connector of the 40-pin
cable to the first drive, another connector to the second
drive, and the other end of the cable to connector IDE1 on
the mainboard.
Set the other (the third) drive at Master, and connect one
end of the 40-pin cable to the drive, and the other end to
connector IDE2 on the mainboard.
Method 2: Set the hard disk drive used for boot up at Master, and
connect one end of the 40-pin cable to the drive and the
other end to connector IDE1 on the mainboard. Set
another drive (the second drive) at Master and the third
drive at Slave, connect one connector of the 40-pin cable
to the second drive, another connector to the third drive,
and the other end of the cable to connector IDE2 on the
mainboard.
Installing three HDDs + one CD-ROM drive: The red line on the connection cable must be lined
up with pin 1 on the connector.
Set the hard disk drive used for boot up at Master, set another HDD
(the second) at Slave, connect one connector of the 40-pin cable to the
first drive, another connector to the second drive, and the other end of
the cable to connector IDE1 on the mainboard.
Set the third hard disk drive at Master, set the CD-ROM drive at
Slave, connect one connector of the 40-pin cable to the third HDD,
another connector to the CD-ROM drive, and the other end of the
cable to connector IDE2 on the mainboard.
BIOS Setup:
♦ If all your HDDs are new, you can use the IDE HDD Auto Detection
option in the CMOS to autodetect the parameters of all your drives.
You don’t need to set any hard disk parameter.
♦ If one or several of your HDDs are old, and if you don’t know their
parameters, and you want to reconfigure your drives, you can also use
the IDE HDD Auto Detection option in the CMOS to autodetect the
drives parameters.
E-6
Appendix E
♦ If one or several of your HDD are old, and if you don’t want to erase
the data stored in your drives, you will have to remember the
parameters (Type, Cylinders, Heads, Sectors, Mode) of the drive(s)
you don’t want to erase. After you have used the IDE HDD Auto
Detection option in the CMOS, enter the Standard CMOS Setup
Menu to change the settings of the related hard disk drive.
Software use:
The basic step in using a hard disk drive is to make a HDD Low Level
Format, than run FDISK, and than FORMAT the drive. Most of present
HDD have already been subjected to low level format at the factory, so
you probably can skip this operation.
Boot with a bootable floppy disk, then enter FDISK.
Using FDISK: (DOS command)
This command is found in the DOS disks.
FDISK is a tool used to organize and to partition the hard disk. The
hard disk must have been partitioned before use. You can create one
unique partition on the hard disk, or create several partition and use a
different Operating System on each partition. Just don’t forget that
you have to specify an Active partition, otherwise your hard disk will
not be bootable. For further information about FDISK, refer to the
FDISK section in the DOS user’s manual.
After you have partitioned the hard disk with FDISK, the system will
reboot automatically. Boot from a system floppy disk, and type
FORMAT C:/S
Using FORMAT: (DOS command)
This command is found in the DOS disks.
FORMAT is used to format the hard disk. The HDD have to be
formatted before use. Don’t forget to add /S after C:, otherwise the
hard disk will not be bootable after formatting.
Technical Support
Appendix F
F-1
Technical Support
L When you have a problem during operation...
In order to help our technical support personnel to quickly find out what is the
problem of your mainboard and to give you the answers you need, before filling
in the technical support form, eliminate any peripheral that is not related to the
problem, and indicate on the form the key peripherals. Fax this form to your
dealer or to the company where you bought the hardware in order to benefit
from our technical support. (You can refer to the examples given below.)
2
Example 1: With a system including: mainboard (with CPU, DRAM, COAST...)
HDD, CD-ROM, FDD, VGA CARD, MPEG CARD, SCSI CARD,
SOUND CARD..., after the system is assembled, if you cannot boot
up, check the key components of the system using the procedure
described below.
First remove all interface cards except the VGA card and try to
reboot.
F If you still cannot boot up:
Try installing another brand/model VGA card and see if the
system will start. If it still does not start, note the VGA card
model, mainboard model, Bios identification number, CPU on
the technical support form (refer to main instructions), and
describe the problem in the problem description space provided.
F If you can boot up:
Insert back the interface cards you have removed one by one
and try to start the system each time you insert a card, until the
system doesn’t start anymore. Keep the VGA card and the
interface card that causes the problem inserted on the mainboard,
remove any other card or peripheral, and start again. If you still
cannot start, note down the information related to both cards in
the Add-On Card space provided, and don’t forget to indicate
the mainboard model, version, BIOS identification number,
CPU (refer to main instructions), and give a description of the
problem.
F-2
Appendix F
2
Example 2: With a system including the mainboard (with CPU, DRAM,
COAST...) HDD, CD-ROM, FDD, VGA CARD, LAN CARD,
MPEG CARD, SCSI CARD, SOUND CARD, after assembly and
after having installed the Sound Card Driver, when you restart the
system, when it runs the Sound Card Driver, it resets automatically.
This problem may be due to the Sound Card Driver. During the
Starting DOS… procedure, press SHIFT (BY-PASS) key, to skip
CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT; edit CONFIG.SYS with a
text editor, and in front on the line that loads the Sound Card Driver,
add a remark REM, in order to disable the Sound Card Driver. See
the example below.
CONFIG.SYS:
DEVICE=C:\DOS\HIMEM.SYS
DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE HIGHSCAN
DOS=HIGH,UMB
FILES=40
BUFFERS=36
REM DEVICEHIGH=C:\PLUGPLAY\DWCFGMG.SYS
LASTDRIVE=Z
Restart the system. If the system starts and does not reset, you can
be sure that the problem is due to the Sound Card Driver. Note
down the Sound Card model, mainboard model, BIOS identification
number on the technical support file (refer to main instructions), and
describe the problem in the space provided.
JJJ
Technical Support
F-3
$$ Main instructions...
To fill in this “Technical Support Form”, refer to the step-by-step
instructions given below:
*1. MODEL: Note the model number given in your user’s manual.
Example: PT5R2, PR5R2...
*2. Mainboard model number (REV): Note the mainboard model number
labeled on the mainboard as “REV:*.**”.
Exemple: REV:2.11
*3.BIOS ID# : See below:
Example:
“3R” is the “BIOS” ID number
“2A59GA1EC” is the “BIOS” part number
F-4
Appendix F
4. DRIVER REV: Note the driver version number indicated on the
DEVICE DRIVER disk as “Release *.**”.
Example:
<
IDE Device Driver
Drivers Diskette Release 1.09A
Release 1.09A
*5. OS/APPLICATION: Indicate what are the operating system and
the applications your are running on the system.
Example: MS-DOS 6.22, Windows 3.1....
*6. CPU: Indicate the brand and the speed (MHz) of your CPU.
Example: (A) In the “Brand” space, write “Intel”, in the “Specifications”
space, write “150MHz”¡C
(B) In the “Brand” space, write “Cyrix”, in the
“Specifications” space, write “P166+”¡C
(C) In the “Brand” space, write “AMD”, in the
“Specifications” space, write “P75”.
7. HDD: Indicate the brand and specifications of your HDD(s), specify if
the HDD is using ¨IDE1 or ¨IDE2. If you know the disk capacity,
indicate it and check (“ü”) “ ”; in case you give no indication, we will
consider that your HDD is “þIDE1” Master.
Example: In the “HDD” space, check the box, in the Brand space, write
“Seagate”, in the Specifications space, write “ST31621A
(1.6GB)”.
8. CD-ROM Drive: Indicate the brand and specifications of your CDROM drive, specify if it uses ¨ IDE1 or ¨IDE2 ¡A and check (“ü”)
“ ”; in case you give no indication, we will consider that your CDROM is “þIDE2” Master.
Example: In the “CD-ROM drive” space, check the box, in the Brand
space, write “Mitsumi”, in the Specifications space, write “FX400D”.
Technical Support
9. System Memory (DRAM):
F-5
Indicate the brand and specifications (SIMM/DIMM)
of your system memory.
Examples:
In the Brand space, write “Panasonic”, in the Specifications space, write
“SIMM-FP DRAM 4MB-06”.
Or, in the Brand, write “NPNX”, in the Specifications space, write “SIMMEDO DRAM 8MB-06”.
Or, in the Brand space, write “SEC”, in the Specifications space, write “DIMMS DRAM 8MB-G12”.
10. COAST: Indicate the brand and specifications of your COAST.
Example: In the Brand space, write “Winbond”, in the Specifications space, write
“256KB” or “W25P010AF-8”¡C
11. ADD-ON CARD: Indicate which add-on cards you are “absolutely sure” are related
to the problem.
If you cannot identify the problem origin, indicate all the add-on cards inserted into
your system.
Note: Items between the “*” are absolutely necessary.
F-6
Appendix F
Technical Support
F-7
&
Technical Support Form
( Phone #:
Company name:
J Contact:
Model
*
Mainboard model no.
OS/Application
*
Hardware name
C.P.U
HDD
IDE1
IDE2
System Memory
(DRAM)
COAST
ADD-ON CARD
?
Problem Description:
Brand
*
IDE1
IDE2
CD-ROM Drive
/Fax #:
BIOS
ID #
*
DRIVER REV
Specifications
F-8
Appendix F
Appendix G
Example 1
Flash BIOS User
Instructions
To update BIOS and create a backup of the current system BIOS
execute this command:
AWDFLASH
NEWBIOS
/Py
SAVEBIOS
/Sy
Example 2
To update BIOS, create a backup of current system BIOS, and
clear the CMOS, execute this command:
AWDFLASH
NEWBIOS
SAVEBIOS
/CC
Example 3
To update BIOS and clear PnP settings execute this command:
AWDFLASH
NEWBIOS
/Sn
/CP
Example 4
To make a backup of the current system BIOS execute the
following command:
AWDFLASH
NEWBIOS
/Pn
SAVEBIOS
Notes:
“NEWBIOS” indicates file name for the new BIOS which can be
downloaded from our website at http://www.abit.com.tw (user can
choose a different file name in place of NEWBIOS).
“SAVEBIOS” indicates the filename of the old system BIOS (user
can choose a different file name in place of SAVEBIOS).
G-2
Appendix G
Explanation of parameter names:
/CC: Clears CMOS data
/CP: Clears PnP data
Remarks:
¬ When executing AWDFLASH.EXE, do not run HIMEM.SYS and
EMM386.EXE in the CONFIG.SYS.
- Please take the following actions to solve problems caused by
power shortage or other other unpreventable malfunctions during
BIOS update that lead to update failure.
First, it is strongly
suggested that you format a disk that can boot your computer
before you update your BIOS.
If the above mentioned
problem occurs during BIOS update you will be able to use this disk
to automatically execute a BIOS update.
The content of the disk
should be the following:
a. Startup system files (COMMAND.COM, MSDOS.SYS,
IO.SYS...)
b. AWDFLSH.EXE
c. The NEWBIOS file which can be downloaded from ABIT’s
website.
d. AUTOEXEC.BAT, which has the following content:
A:\AWDFLASH
NEWBIOS
/Py
/Sn
/CC .
® When a version of BIOS that is for the incorrect mainboard
model the following message will appear:
“The program file’s part number does not match with your
system!”
How to install the Ultra DMA/33 drive.
H-1
Appendix H
How to install the Ultra DMA/33 drive.
For best results from your Ultra DMA/33, your PC must meet the following
requirements:
1. Your motherboard must support the Ultra DMA/33 interface.
2. It must support the Ultra DMA hard drive.
3. It must support the operating system’s Ultra DMA driver software. All packages
sold by ABIT contain this driver software. Complete the installation process
exactly as below;
In Windows 95, place the Ultra DMA/33 diver disk into the floppy drive. The file
‘Bmide_95’ (compressed) will appear. Run this file. The file will automatically
decompress the following files; README.TXT, _INST32I.EX_, _SETUT.DLL,
_SETUP.LIB, PIIXDRV.Z, SETUP.EXE, SETUP.INS
Run SETUP.EXE and the following seven windows will appear
1. Welcome:
Click ‘NEXT’
H-2
Appendix H
2.
License:
3. Question:
Notebook - close the view
Click ‘Yes’
How to install the Ultra DMA/33 drive.
H-3
4.
Select Components: Click ‘INSTALL
5.Question:
Click ‘Yes’
6. Question:
Click ‘Yes’
H-4
Appendix H
7. Information:
Click ‘OK’
After previous instructions have been followed, the driver will automatically install.
It will automatically restart the computer after it has finished installing.
How to install the PCI bridge driver for 430TX chipset
I-1
Appendix I
How to install the PCI bridge driver for 430TX chipset
This product CD-Title has attached Intel’s 82371xB INF update drive version 3.0.
It can be
used to update both 430TX and 440LX chipset, if your motherboard uses one of these Intel
chipsets.
The following procedure will be describe how to install and update the PCI bridge.
Step1. Check your Windows 95 Device Manager, and find the question mark showing the
PCI Bridge.
I-2
Appendix I
Step2.
Execute the Product CD-Title ABIT95.EXE and choice Driver è PCI Bridge Driver
for Windows 95, then you will see the screen below:
How to install the PCI bridge driver for 430TX chipset
I-3
Step3. Click NEXT
Step 4. You will see the license agreement dialog screen, click Yes.
I-4
Appendix I
Step 5. Click Next, then wait a while, until you see the installation complete screen.
How to install the PCI bridge driver for 430TX chipset
I-5
Step 6. Restart your computer, then check the Device Manager again.
First, you can
check Hard Disk Controller, then take a look to see if the Bus Master driver is
already recognized.
I-6
Appendix I
How to install the PCI bridge driver for 430TX chipset
I-7
Step 7. Also check System Device, to find out if three devices are identified as well.
( Please see the arrows below. ) You have completed all things now.
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