Agilent Technologies Series N6700 User`s guide

Agilent Technologies Series N6700 User`s guide
Agilent Technologies
Low-Profile
Modular Power System
Series N6700
User’s Guide

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Manual Part Number: 5969-2937
Seventh Edition, June, 2012
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2
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Series N6700 User’s Guide
Safety Notices
The following general safety precautions
must be observed during all phases of
operation of this instrument. Failure to
comply with these precautions or with
specific warnings or instructions
elsewhere in this manual violates safety
standards of design, manufacture, and
intended use of the instrument. Agilent
Technologies assumes no liability for the
customer's failure to comply with these
requirements.
General
Do not use this product in any manner
not specified by the manufacturer. The
protective features of this product may be
impaired if it is used in a manner not
specified in the operation instructions.
Before Applying Power
Verify that all safety precautions are
taken. Make all connections to the unit
before applying power. Note the
instrument's external markings described
under "Safety Symbols"
Ground the Instrument
This product is a Safety Class 1
instrument (provided with a protective
earth terminal). To minimize shock
hazard, the instrument chassis and cover
must be connected to an electrical
ground. The instrument must be
connected to the AC power mains
through a grounded power cable, with the
ground wire firmly connected to an
electrical ground (safety ground) at the
power outlet. Any interruption of the
protective (grounding) conductor or
disconnection of the protective earth
terminal will cause a potential shock
hazard that could result in personal injury.
Fuses
The instrument contains an internal fuse,
which is not customer accessible.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Do Not Operate in an Explosive
Atmosphere
Safety Symbols
Direct current
Do not operate the instrument in the
presence of flammable gases or fumes.
Alternating current
Do Not Remove the Instrument
Cover
Both direct and alternating
current
Only qualified, service-trained personnel
who are aware of the hazards involved
should remove instrument covers. Always
disconnect the power cable and any
external circuits before removing the
instrument cover.
Do Not Modify the Instrument
Do not install substitute parts or perform
any unauthorized modification to the
product. Return the product to an Agilent
Sales and Service Office for service and
repair to ensure that safety features are
maintained.
In Case of Damage
Instruments that appear damaged or
defective should be made inoperative and
secured against unintended operation
until they can be repaired by qualified
service personnel.
CAUTION
A CAUTION notice denotes a hazard.
It calls attention to an operating
procedure, practice, or the like that, if
not correctly performed or adhered to,
could result in damage to the product
or loss of important data. Do not
proceed beyond a CAUTION notice
until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
WARNING
A WARNING notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice, or the
like that, if not correctly performed
or adhered to, could result in
personal injury or death. Do not
proceed beyond a WARNING notice
until the indicated conditions are
fully understood and met.
Three phase alternating
current
Earth (ground) terminal
Protective earth ground
terminal.
Frame or chassis terminal
Terminal is at earth
potential.
Neutral conductor on
permanently installed
equipment
Line conductor on
permanently installed
equipment.
On supply
Off supply
Standby supply. Unit is not
completely disconnected
from AC mains when
switch is off
In position of a bi-stable
push switch
Out position of a bi-stable
push switch
Caution, risk of electric
shock
Caution, hot surface
Caution, refer to
accompanying description
3
In this Book
Specific chapters in this manual contain the following information:

Quick Reference – Chapter 1 is a quick reference section that
helps you quickly become familiar with your Agilent N6700
Modular Power System. It describes the differences between the
various modules in the power system.

Installation – Chapter 2 describes how to install your power
system. It describes how to connect various loads to the output. It
discusses remote sensing as well as parallel and series operation.

Getting Started – Chapter 3 describes how to set the voltage,
current, over-voltage protection, and turn on the output. It also
describes how to configure the remote interface.

Operating the Power System – Chapter 4 describes how to use
the advanced features of the power system using the front panel
menus and the corresponding SCPI commands.

Specifications – Appendix A describes the mainframe
characteristics.

Using the Digital Port – Appendix B describes how to configure
and use the digital port on the back of the instrument.

Power Allocation – Appendix C describes the power allocation
function, which applies to power system in which the combined
ratings of the power modules exceed the power rating of the
mainframe.

Output On/Off Synchronization – Appendix D discusses output
on/off synchronization, which lets you accurately synchronize
output turn-on sequences across multiple mainframes.

Source Operating Modes – Appendix E discusses operating mode
information for all power modules.
For complete details on the SCPI (Standard Commands for
Programmable Instruments) commands, refer to the N6700
Programmer’s Reference Help file included on the Agilent N6700
Product Reference CD. This CD-ROM is shipped along with your
instrument.
NOTE
4
You can contact Agilent Technologies at one of the following telephone
numbers for warranty, service, or technical support information.
In the United States: (800) 829-4444
In Europe: 31 20 547 2111
In Japan: 0120-421-345
Or use our Web link for information on contacting Agilent in your country or
specific location: www.agilent.com/find/assist
Or contact your Agilent Technologies Representative.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Contents
1 – Quick Reference .............................................................................................................................. 7
The Agilent N6700 Modular Power System – At a Glance.......................... 8
The Front Panel – At a Glance ........................................................................ 11
The Rear Panel – At a Glance ......................................................................... 11
Front Panel Display – At a Glance ................................................................. 12
Front Panel Keys – At a Glance ...................................................................... 13
Front Panel Menu Reference .......................................................................... 14
SCPI Command Summary ................................................................................ 16
2 – Installation ..................................................................................................................................... 23
General Information .......................................................................................... 24
Inspecting the Unit ........................................................................................... 25
Installing the Unit.............................................................................................. 26
Connecting the Line Cord ................................................................................ 30
Connecting the Outputs ................................................................................... 31
Remote Sense Connections ............................................................................ 36
Parallel Connections ......................................................................................... 38
Series Connections ........................................................................................... 40
Additional Load Considerations...................................................................... 42
Connecting the Auxiliary Voltage Measurement Input .............................. 44
3 – Getting Started .............................................................................................................................. 45
Turning the Unit On .......................................................................................... 46
Selecting an Output Channel .......................................................................... 46
Entering an Output Voltage Setting ............................................................... 46
Entering a Current Limit Setting ..................................................................... 47
Enabling the Output .......................................................................................... 47
Using the Front Panel Menu ........................................................................... 48
Connecting to the Interfaces .......................................................................... 50
Communicating Over the LAN ........................................................................ 57
Securing the Interfaces .................................................................................... 59
4 – Operating the Power System ....................................................................................................... 61
Programming the Output ................................................................................. 62
Synchronizing Output Steps ............................................................................ 68
Programming Output Lists............................................................................... 72
Making Measurements .................................................................................... 77
Using the Digitizer............................................................................................. 79
Using the Protection Functions ...................................................................... 87
Series N6700 User’s Guide
5
External Data Logging ...................................................................................... 91
System-Related Operations ............................................................................. 95
A – Specifications................................................................................................................................ 99
Agilent N6700B, N6701A, N6702A MPS Mainframes .............................. 100
B – Using the Digital Port.................................................................................................................103
Digital Control Port ......................................................................................... 104
Configuring the Digital Control Port............................................................. 105
C – Power Allocation ........................................................................................................................109
Power Limit Operation ................................................................................... 110
Module Power Allocation .............................................................................. 111
D – Output On/Off Synchronization ................................................................................................113
Synchronizing Output Turn-on Delays ......................................................... 114
Synchronizing Multiple Mainframes ............................................................ 117
Operation .......................................................................................................... 118
E – Source Operating Modes ...........................................................................................................119
Single Quadrant Operation ............................................................................ 120
Agilent N678xA Multi-Quadrant Operation ................................................ 122
Updates
This manual describes firmware revision D.01.09 and up. Go to
http://www.agilent.com/find/N6700firmware if you need to
download this or any later versions of the firmware. Information on
how to install the firmware is available on the web site.
Refer to “Instrument Identification” in chapter 4 to view the
firmware version that is currently installed in your mainframe.
Updated versions of this manual are also posted on the web. Go to
http://www.agilent.com/find/N6700 to get the latest version of the
manual.
6
Series N6700 User’s Guide
1
Quick Reference
The Agilent N6700 Modular Power System – At a Glance.......................... 8
The Front Panel – At a Glance ........................................................................ 11
The Rear Panel – At a Glance ......................................................................... 11
Front Panel Display – At a Glance ................................................................. 12
Front Panel Keys – At a Glance ...................................................................... 13
Front Panel Menu Reference .......................................................................... 14
SCPI Command Summary ................................................................................ 16
This chapter concisely describes the operation of the Agilent N6700
Modular Power System (MPS).
This chapter does not describe every operating feature in detail. It is
simply a quick reference guide to quickly become familiar with the
essential operating features of the power system.
For complete details on the SCPI (Standard Commands for
Programmable Instruments) commands, refer to the Programmer’s
Reference Help file included on the Agilent N6700 Product Reference
CD. This CD-ROM is shipped along with your instrument.
NOTE
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Unless otherwise noted, the Agilent N6700 Modular Power System will also be
referred to as “MPS” and “power system” throughout this manual.
7
1
Quick Reference
The Agilent N6700 Modular Power System – At a Glance
The Agilent N6700 Modular Power System is a configurable, one rackunit (1U) platform that lets you mix and match power modules to
create a power system optimized for your test system requirements.
Agilent N6700–N6702 MPS mainframes are available in power levels
of 400 W, 600 W, and 1,200 W. Up to four power modules can be
installed in each mainframe. Power modules come in power levels of
20 W through 500 W, have various voltage and current combinations,
and provide the following performance features:

The N673xB, N674xB, and N677xA DC Power Modules provide
programmable voltage and current, measurement, and protection
features, making these economical models suitable for powering
the device-under-test or system resources such as fixture controls.

The N675xA High-Performance, Autoranging DC Power Modules
provide low noise, high accuracy, fast programming times, and
advanced programming and measurement capabilities to speed
test throughput.

The N676xA Precision DC Power Modules provide precise control
and measurements in the milli- and micro-ampere region with
the ability to simultaneously digitize voltage and current and
capture those measurements into an oscilloscope-like data buffer.

The N678xA Source/Measure Units (SMU) have a multiplequadrant power mesh with separate voltage and current priority
source modes. These models are optimized for applications such
as battery drain analysis and functional testing.

The N6783A Application-Specific DC Power Modules are twoquadrant low-wattage models specifically designed for battery
charging/discharging and mobile communications applications.
The output and system features are described in the following
sections. Not all output features are available on every power
module. The “Model Differences” section describes the features that
apply only to specific power modules.
Output Features
8
Programmable voltage
and current
Full programming capability is provided for the entire range of output
voltage and current. Outputs can operate as either constant voltage (CV) or
constant current (CC) sources.
Low output noise
Available on Agilent N676xA and N675xA power modules. Output noise is
<4.5 mV peak-to-peak, which is comparable to linear supplies.
Fast up/down
programming
Available on Agilent N675xA, N676xA, and N678xA SMU power modules.
≤1.5 millisecond response time from 10% to 90% of the output rating.
Fast transient response
Available on Agilent N675xA, N676xA, and N678xA SMU power modules.
Transient response is less than 100 μs.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Quick Reference
Output autoranging
capability
1
Available on Agilent N676xA and N675xA power modules.
Autoranging supplies the maximum rated power over a continuous range of
voltage and current settings.
Output On/Off sequencing A turn-on/turn-off delay capability for each output allows output on/off
sequencing.
Remote voltage sensing
Two remote sensing terminals are provided for each output. When shipped,
the remote sense jumpers are included in a separate bag. See Chapter 2.
Output protection
Each output has over-voltage, over-current, and over-temperature
protection. Over-voltage and over-current protection are programmable.
Multiple-Quadrant
operation
Available on Agilent N678xA SMU and N6783A power modules.
2- and 4-quadrant operation provides source and sink output capability.
Measurement Features
Multiple-output/Singleoutput meter display
Switch between a 4-output summary view and a 1-output detailed view of
power supply information. All power modules display real-time output
voltage and current measurements as well as status information.
Seamless measurement
autoranging
Available on Agilent N6781A and N6782A SMU power modules.
Output measurements seamlessly autorange between ranges – however,
the 10 μA current range must be selected manually.
Microampere current
measurements
Available on Agilent N6761A, N6762A, and N678xA SMU power modules.
Current measurement can be made as low as 1 μA in the 10 μA range.
Fast digitizing
Available on Agilent N678xA SMU power modules.
5.12 μs/sample for one parameter; 10.24 μs/sample for two parameters.
System Features
Choice of three interfaces GPIB (IEEE-488), LAN, and USB remote programming interfaces are built in.
Built-in Web server
A built-in Web server lets you control the instrument directly from an
internet browser on your computer.
SCPI language
The instrument is compatible with the Standard Commands for
Programmable Instruments (SCPI).
Front panel I/O setup
Menus let you set up GPIB and LAN parameters from the front panel.
Real-time status
information
The front panel indicates the status of each output. It also indicates when a
protection shut-down has occurred.
Module identification
Each module has identifying data stored in non-volatile memory.
Information includes model number, serial number, and options.
Universal AC input
Mainframes have universal input voltage capability with active power factor
correction.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
9
1
Quick Reference
Model Differences
Feature
DC Power
High-Performance
Precision
N673xB, N674xB, N677xA
N675xA
N676xA
50 W output rating
N6731B – N6736B
N6751A
N6761A
100 W output rating
N6741B – N6746B
N6752A
N6762A
300 W output rating
N6773A – N6777A
N6753A, N6754A
N6763A, N6764A
N6755A, N6756A
N6765A, N6766A
Option 761
Option 761
Option 761
Option 760
Option 760
Option 760
●
●
(● = available)
500 W output rating
Output disconnect relays
Output disconnect/polarity reversal relays
NOTE 1
Autoranging output capability
Voltage or current turn-on priority
N6761A, N6762A
Precision voltage and current measurements
●
Low voltage and current output ranges
N6761A, N6762A
Low voltage and current measurement ranges
●
200 microampere measurement range NOTE 2
Option 2UA
Simultaneous voltage and current measurements
Output list capability (Test Extensions) NOTE 3
Array readback capability (Test
Extensions) NOTE 3
Programmable sample rate (Test Extensions) NOTE 3
●
Option 054
Option 054
●
Option 054
Option 054
●
Option 054
Option 054
●
N6753A – N6756A
N6763A – N6766A
Double-wide (occupies 2 channel locations)
Feature
Source/Measure Units (SMU)
Application-Specific
(● = available)
N6781A
N6782A
N6784A
N6783A-BAT
N6783A-MFG
Output rating
20 W
20 W
20 W
24 W
18 W
●
●
●
●
2-quadrant operation
4-quadrant operation
●
Auxiliary voltage measurement input
●
Output disconnect relays
●
●
●
Option 761
Option 761
Negative voltage protection
●
●
●
●
●
Voltage or current priority mode
●
●
●
Programmable output resistance
●
600 mV output range
●
●
●
300 mA output range
●
●
1 V, 100 mV measurement ranges
●
●
●
100 mA, 1 mA, 10 μA measurement ranges
●
●
●
●
●
Simultaneous voltage and current measurements
●
●
●
Seamless measurement autoranging
●
●
Output list capability NOTE 3, 4
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
100 mA, 10 mA output ranges
●
150 mA measurement range
Array readback
capability NOTE 3
Programmable sample
rate NOTE 3
1
Output current is limited to 10A max. on Models N6742B and N6773A with Option 760.
Option 760 is not available on Models N6741B, N6751A, N6752A, N6761A, and N6762A.
2
Option 2UA.is only available on Models N6761A and N6762A. It includes Option 761.
3
Only available when using the remote interfaces; not from the front panel.
4
List capability is not available on the negative current output on Model N6783A
10
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Quick Reference
1
The Front Panel – At a Glance
Display
Turns off after 1 hour of
inactivity. Press any key to
restore the display.
Navigation keys
Move the cursor to a menu item.
Select the highlighted menu item.
Output keys
Turn the outputs on or off.
Enter voltage or current.
N6700A Modular Power System
20.007V
o
-
1
CV
4.004A
Set: 20.000V
5.500A
Meter
Menu
On/Off
Channel
Back
Voltage
Help
Error
Sel
Current
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
3
0
.
+/-
System keys
Toggle between single-channel and
multiple-channel view.
Access front panel command menu.
Select an output channel to control.
On/Off switch and LED
LED indicates power is on.
Green = normal operation.
Amber = display is screensaver mode.
E
Enter
Numeric entry keys
Enter values.
Arrow keys increment or
decrement voltage and
current settings.
The Rear Panel – At a Glance
Chassis ground
binding post
GPIB connector
3-pin IEC 320 AC
input connector
Power cord requires
ground conductor.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+s +
-s
+s +
-s
+s +
Output connector.
Includes +/−output and
+/− sense terminals.
WARNING
Series N6700 User’s Guide
-s
+s +
8-pin digital control
connector
Connector function is
user-configurable.
-s
USB connector
LAN connector
10/100 Base-T
Left LED indicates
activity. Right LED
indicates link integrity.
SHOCK HAZARD The power cord provides a chassis ground through a third
conductor. Be certain that your power outlet is of the three-conductor type
with the correct pin connected to earth ground.
11
1
Quick Reference
Front Panel Display – At a Glance
Single-channel view
Voltage
measurement
Bar indicates output
polarity is reversed
Current
measurement
Press the Meter key
to toggle between
views
Operating status
(CV = constant voltage)
Multiple-channel view
Voltage and
current settings
Interface status
(IO = activity on interface)
Voltage and Current measurements
Press the Meter key
to toggle between
views
The highlighted channel is the active channel
Grouped-channel view
Channels 2 through 4 are connected in parallel and have been
configured or grouped to act as a single, higher-power channel
Refer to Chapter 4,
under “System-Related
Operations” for more
information
Grouped channels are addressed using the channel number of the
lowest channel in the group
Double-wide view
Interface status
indicators
12
Channel 2 is a double-wide power module that occupies two channel
locations in the mainframe
Err = an error has occurred (press Error key to display error message)
Lan = the LAN is connected and has been configured
IO = there is activity on one of the remote interfaces
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Quick Reference
Operating status
indicators
1
OFF = the output is off
CV = the output is in constant voltage mode
CC = the output is in constant current mode
CP+ = the output is limited (or disabled) by the positive power limit
CP– = the output is limited (or disabled) by the negative power limit
VL+/– = the output is in positive or negative voltage limit mode
CL+/– = the output is in positive or negative current limit mode
OV = the output is disabled by the over-voltage protection
OV– = the output is disabled by the negative over-voltage protection
OC = the output is disabled by the over-current protection
OT = the over-temperature protection has tripped
PF = the output is disabled by a power-fail condition
OSC = the output is disabled by the oscillation protection
INH = the output is disabled by an external inhibit signal
UNR = the output is unregulated
PROT = the output is disabled by a condition from a coupled channel
Front Panel Keys – At a Glance
System keys
Meter
Menu
Channel
Back
Help
Error
Meter returns the display to metering mode.
Menu accesses the command menu.
Channel selects or highlights a channel to control.
Back backs out of a menu without activating any changes.
Help accesses information about the displayed menu control.
Error displays any error messages in the error queue.
Navigation keys
The Arrow keys let you move around in the command menus.
The Select key lets you make a selection in the command menus.
It also lets you enter edit mode for numeric parameters.
Sel
Output keys
On/Off
Voltage
Current
On/Off controls the selected output (or all outputs when All is lit).
This key is only active in Single- channel or Multiple-channel view.
Voltage lets you change the voltage setting of the selected channel.
Current lets you change the current setting of the selected channel.
Number keys
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
3
0
.
+/-
Series N6700 User’s Guide
E
Enter
The 0 through 9 keys enter numbers. The (.) key is the decimal point.
The +/− key is only used to enter a minus sign.
The E key enters an exponent. Add the value to the right of the E.
The  backspace key deletes digits as it backspaces over them.
The   arrow keys increment or decrement the voltage or current
settings. They are also used to select letters in alphabetic entry fields.
The Enter key enters a value. If you exit a field without pressing the
Enter key, the value is ignored.
13
1
Quick Reference
Front Panel Menu Reference
NOTE
Menu commands that appear grayed-out on the front panel are either not
available for the power module, or are password protected.
Menu Command
Control Description
Output
Voltage
Programs voltage setting, limits, and ranges.
Current
Programs current setting, limits, and ranges.
Mode
Programs output priority mode on Models N678xA SMU.
Sequence
Advanced
Measure
Transient
Delay
Programs Turn-on /Turn off delay.
Couple
Couples output channels for output on/off synchronization.
Slew
14
Current
Programs current slew rate on Models N678xA SMU.
Programs the power allocation function.
Pol
Lets you reverse the polarity of the output and sense terminals.
Resistance
Programs output resistance on Model N6781A.
Bandwidth
Programs output voltage bandwidth on Models N678xA SMU.
Tmode
Programs turn-on/turn-off impedance on Models N678xA SMU.
Range
Selects voltage and current measurement range.
Sweep
Specifies measurement points, time interval, and trigger offset.
Window
Selects measurement window: Rectangular, Hanning.
Input
Selects Auxiliary voltage measurements on Model N6781A.
Control
Lets you abort a measurement in progress.
Mode
Selects voltage or current transient mode: Fixed, Step, List.
List
States
Programs voltage slew rate.
Power
Step
Protect
Voltage
Programs voltage and current step value. Enables step triggers.
Pace
Specifies Dwell or Trigger paced list.
Repeat
Specifies number of list repetitions, or specifies continuous list.
Terminate
Specifies list settings when the list terminates.
Config
Configures list step voltage, current, dwell, and trigger signals.
Reset
Aborts the list and resets all list parameters.
TrigSource
Specify the trigger source: Bus, Tran 1-4, Pin 1-7, Ext.
Control
Initiates, Triggers, or Aborts output triggers. Displays trigger state.
OVP
Configures over-voltage protection function.
OCP
Configures over-current protection function.
Inhibit
Configures the external inhibit signal: Off, Latching, Live
Coupling
Disables ALL output channels when a protection fault occurs.
Wdog
Configures the output watchdog timer.
Osc
Enables/disables oscillation protection on Models N678xA SMU.
Clear
Clears output protection. Displays output state.
Reset
Resets the instrument to its reset (*RST) state.
SaveRecall
Saves or recalls an instrument state.
PowerOn
Selects the power-on state: *RST, RCL0.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Quick Reference
Menu Command
System
IO
Control Description
LAN
USB
ActiveSettings
Displays the LAN interface settings that are presently active.
Config
IP
Configures the IP addressing of the instrument.
Name
Configures the Dynamic DNS and NetBIOS naming service.
Domain
Configures the Domain Name.
DNS
Configures the DNS server.
TCP
Configures the TCP keepalive function.
Reset
Resets the LAN interface settings to the factory-shipped state.
Status
Displays status, speed, packets received, and packets sent.
Identification
USB connect string - the instrument’s unique USB identifier.
GPIB
DigPort
Selects the GPIB address.
Pins<1>
Function
Specifies the pin function: DigIn, DigIO, TrigIn, TrigOut, FaultOut.
Pins<2>
Function
Specifies the pin function: DigIn, DigIO, TrigIn, TrigOut.
Pins<3>
Function
Specifies the pin function: DigIn, DigIO, TrigIn, TrigOut, InhibitIn.
Pins<4-7> Function
Specifies the pin function: DigIn, DigIO, TrigIn, TrigOut, OnC, OffC.
Pins<1-7> Polarity
Specifies the pin polarity: Positive, Negative
Data
Sends/reads data from the digital I/O port
Groups
Preferences
Admin
1
Defines groups of output channels that are connected in parallel.
Display
Contrast
Configures the display contrast.
Saver
Configures the screen saver and wake-on I/O timer.
View
Selects 1-channel or 4-channel view at turn-on
Keys
Enables/disables key clicks and configures the On/Off key.
Lock
Locks front panel keys. Enter a password to unlock the front panel.
Login/Logout
Cal
Volt
Curr
Misc
Enter a password to access the admin functions.
Vprog
Calibrates High and Low voltage ranges.
Vlim
Calibrates voltage limit High and Low ranges
Vmeas
Calibrates High, Low, and Aux voltage measurement ranges.
Iprog
Calibrates High and Low current ranges.
Ilim
Calibrates current limit.
Imeas
Calibrates High and Low current measurement ranges.
CMRR
Calibrates common mode rejection ratio.
Dprog
Calibrates the downprogrammer.
Ipeak
Calibrates I peak.
Resistance Calibrates output resistance High and Low ranges.
About
Date
Saves the calibration date for each channel.
Save
Saves the calibration data.
LAN
Enables/disables the LAN interface and the built-in Web server.
USB
Enables/disables the USB interface.
Nvram
Resets all non-volatile RAM settings to their factory defaults.
Password
Changes the password for the admin functions.
Frame
Displays model, serial number, and firmware revisions.
Module
Displays model, serial number, options, voltage, current, power.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
15
1
Quick Reference
SCPI Command Summary
Subsystem Commands
NOTE
Some [optional] commands have been included for clarity. All settings commands
have a corresponding query. Not all commands apply to all models.
SCPI Command
Description
ABORt
:ACQuire (@chanlist)
:ELOG (@chanlist)
:TRANsient (@chanlist)
Resets the measurement trigger system to the Idle state
Stops the external data log
Resets the transient trigger system to the Idle state
CALibrate
:CURRent
[:LEVel] <NRf>, (@channel)
:LIMit
:NEGative <NRf>, (@channel)
:POSitive <NRf>, (@channel)
:MEASure <NRf>, (@channel)
:PEAK (@channel)
:DATA <NRf>
:DATE <”date”>, (@channel)
:DPRog (@channel)
:LEVel P1 | P2 | P3
:PASSword <NRf>
:RESistance 20| 6, (@channel)
:SAVE
:STATE <Bool> [,<NRf>]
:VOLTage
[:LEVel] <NRf>, (@channel)
:CMRR (@channel)
:LIMit
:POSitive <NRf>, (@channel)
:MEASure <NRf>, (@channel)
:AUXiliary (@channel)
DISPlay
[:WINDow]
:CHANnel <channel>
:VIEW METER1 | METER4
FETCh
[:SCALar]
:CURRent
[:DC]? (@chanlist)
:ACDC? (@chanlist)
:HIGH? (@chanlist)
:LOW? (@chanlist)
:MAXimum? (@chanlist)
:MINimum? (@chanlist)
16
Calibrates the output current programming
Calibrates the negative current limit (only on N6783A)
Calibrates the positive current limit (only on N678xA SMU)
Calibrates the current measurement
Calibrates the peak current limit (only on N675xA, N676xA)
Enters the calibration value
Sets the calibration date
Calibrates the current downprogrammer
Advances to the next calibration step
Sets the numeric calibration password
Calibrates the output resistance (only on N6781A)
Saves the new cal constants in non-volatile memory
Enables/disables calibration mode
Calibrates the output voltage programming
Calibrates common mode rejection ratio (only N675xA, N676xA)
Calibrates the positive voltage limit (only on N678xA SMU)
Calibrates the voltage measurement
Calibrates the auxiliary voltage measurement (only on N6781A)
Selects the channel in 1-channel meter view
Selects 1-channel or 4-channel meter view
(Fetch commands only on N676xA, N678xA SMU and Option 054)
Returns the average current
Returns the total rms current (AC + DC)
Returns the high level of a current pulse
Returns the low level of a current pulse
Returns the maximum current
Returns the minimum current
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Quick Reference
SCPI Command
Description
FETCh[:SCALar] (continued)
:POWer
[:DC]? (@chanlist)
:VOLTage
[:DC]? (@chanlist)
:ACDC? (@chanlist)
:HIGH? (@chanlist)
:LOW? (@chanlist)
:MAXimum? (@chanlist)
:MINimum? (@chanlist)
:ARRay
:CURRent [:DC]? (@chanlist)
:POWer [:DC]? (@chanlist)
:VOLTage [:DC]? (@chanlist)
:ELOG <NR1>, (@chanlist)
Returns the instantaneous output current
Returns the instantaneous output power
Returns the instantaneous output voltage
Returns the most recent external data log records
FORMat
[:DATA] ASCII | REAL
:BORDer NORMal | SWAPped
Returns data as ASCII or binary
Sets the byte order of the external data log data
INITiate
[:IMMediate]
:ACQuire (@chanlist)
:ELOG (@chanlist)
:TRANsient (@chanlist)
:CONTinuous
:TRANsient <Bool>, (@chanlist)
MEASure
[:SCALar]
:CURRent
[:DC]? (@chanlist)
:ACDC? (@chanlist)
:HIGH? (@chanlist)
:LOW? (@chanlist)
:MAXimum? (@chanlist)
:MINimum? (@chanlist)
:POWer
[:DC]? (@chanlist)
:VOLTage
[:DC]? (@chanlist)
:ACDC? (@chanlist)
:HIGH? (@chanlist)
:LOW? (@chanlist)
:MAXimum? (@chanlist)
:MINimum? (@chanlist)
:ARRay
:CURRent [:DC]? (@chanlist)
:POWer [:DC]? (@chanlist)
:VOLTage [:DC]? (@chanlist)
Series N6700 User’s Guide
1
Returns the average output power
Returns the average voltage
Returns the total rms voltage (AC + DC)
Returns the high level of a voltage pulse
Returns the low level of a voltage pulse
Returns the maximum voltage
Returns the minimum voltage
(Acquire command only on N676xA, N678xA SMU and Option 054)
Enables the measurement system to receive triggers
Enables external data log measurements
Enables the output transient system to receive triggers
Enables/disables continuous transient triggers
Takes a measurement; returns the average current
Takes a measurement; returns the total rms current (AC + DC)
Takes a measurement; returns the high level of a current pulse
Takes a measurement; returns the low level of a current pulse
Takes a measurement, returns the maximum current
Takes a measurement, returns the minimum current
Takes a measurement, returns the average output power
Takes a measurement; returns the average voltage
Takes a measurement; returns the total rms voltage (AC + DC)
Takes a measurement; returns the high level of a voltage pulse
Takes a measurement; returns the low level of a voltage pulse
Takes a measurement, returns the maximum voltage
Takes a measurement, returns the minimum voltage
(Array commands only on N676xA, N678xA SMU and Option 054)
Takes a measurement; returns the instantaneous output current
Takes a measurement; returns the instantaneous output power
Takes a measurement; returns the instantaneous output voltage
17
1
Quick Reference
SCPI Command
OUTPut
[:STATe] <Bool> [,NORelay], (@chanlist)
:COUPle
[:STATe] <Bool>
:CHANNel [<NR1> {,<NR1>}]
:DOFFset <NRf>
:MAX
:DOFFset?
:DELay
:FALL <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:RISE <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:PMODe VOLTage | CURRent, (@chanlist)
:TMODe HIGHZ | LOWZ, (@chanlist)
:INHibit
:MODE LATChing | LIVE | OFF
:PON
:STATe RST | RCL0
:PROTection
:CLEar (@chanlist)
:COUPle <Bool>
:DELay <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:OSCillation <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:WDOG
[:STATe] <Bool>
:DELay <NRf+>
:RELay
:POLarity NORMal | REVerse, (@chanlist)
SENSe
:CURRent
:CCOMpensate <Bool>, (@chanlist)
[:DC]:RANGe
[:UPPer] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:AUTO <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:ELOG
:CURRent
[:DC]:RANGe
[:UPPer] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:AUTO <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:FUNCtion
:CURRent <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:MINMax <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:VOLTage <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:MINMax <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:PERiod <NR1>, (@chanlist)
:VOLTage
[:DC]:RANGe
[:UPPer] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:AUTO <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:FUNCtion “VOLTage” | ”CURRent” | “NONE”, (@chanlist)
:CURRent <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:VOLTage <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:INPut MAIN | AUXiliary, (@chanlist)
18
Description
Enables/disables the specified output channel(s)
Enables/disables channel coupling for output synchronization
Selects which channels are coupled
Specifies a maximum delay offset to synchronize output changes
Returns the maximum delay offset required for a mainframe
Sets the output turn-off sequence delay
Sets the output turn-on sequence delay
Sets the mode for turn on/off transitions (N6761A, N6762A)
Specifies the turn-on/turn-off impedance (only on N678xA SMU)
Sets the remote inhibit input
Programs the power-on state
Resets latched protection
Enables/disables channel coupling for protection faults
Sets over-current protection programming delay
Enables/disables output oscillation protection (N678xA SMU)
Enables/disables the I/O watchdog timer
Sets the watchdog timer delay
Sets the output relay polarity (Option 760)
Enables/disables the capacitive current compensation
Selects the current measurement range
Enables/disables measurement autoranging (N6781A, N6782A)
Sets the external data log current range
Enables/disables measurement autoranging (N6781A, N6782A)
Enables/disables external current data logging
Enables/disables external min/max current data logging
Enables/disables external voltage data logging
Enables/disables external min/max voltage data logging
Sets the integration time of the external data logging
Sets the external data log voltage range
Enables/disables measurement autoranging (N6781A, N6782A)
Selects the measurement function (for backward compatibility)
Enables/disables current measurements (replaces FUNCtion)
Enables/disables voltage measurements (replaces FUNCtion)
Selects the voltage measurement input (only on N6781A)
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Quick Reference
SCPI Command
SENSe (continued)
:SWEep
:OFFSet
:POINts <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:POINts <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:TINTerval <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:RESolution RES20 | RES40, (@chanlist)
:VOLTage
[:DC]:RANGe
[:UPPer] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:AUTO <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:WINDow
[:TYPE] HANNing | RECTangular, (@chanlist)
[SOURce:]
CURRent
[:LEVel]
[:IMMediate][:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:TRIGgered [:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:LIMit
[:POSitive]
[:IMMediate][:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:COUPle <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:NEGative
[:IMMediate][:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:MODE FIXed | STEP | LIST, (@chanlist)
:PROTection
:DELay
[:TIME] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:STARt SCHange | CCTRans, (@chanlist)
:STATe <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:RANGe <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:SLEW
[:IMMediate] <NRf+> | INFinity, (@chanlist)
:MAXimum <Bool>, (@chanlist)
DIGital
:INPut:DATA?
:OUTPut:DATA <NRf>
:PIN<1-7>
:FUNCtion DIO | DINPut | TOUTput | TINPut | FAULt
| INHibit | ONCouple | OFFCouple
:POLarity POSitive | NEGative
:TOUTput
:BUS[:ENABle] <Bool>
1
Description
(Sweep commands only on N676xA, N678xA SMU and Option 054)
Defines the trigger offset in the measurement sweep
Defines the number of data points in the measurement
Sets the measurement sample interval
Sets the measurement resolution
Selects the voltage measurement range
Enables/disables measurement autoranging (N6781A, N6782A)
Selects measurement window (N676xA, N678xA SMU, Option 054)
Sets the output current
Sets the triggered output current
Sets the positive current limit (only on N678xA SMU, N6783A)
Sets the current limit tracking state (only on N678xA SMU)
Sets the negative current limit (only on N678xA SMU, N6783A-BAT)
Sets the current trigger mode
Sets the over-current protection programming delay
Sets the over-current protection programming mode
Enables/disables over-current protection on the selected output
Sets the output current range
Sets the output current slew rate (only N678xA SMU)
Enables/disables the maximum slew rate override (N678xA SMU)
Reads the state of the digital port pins
Sets the digital port
Sets the selected pin’s function
Sets the selected pin’s polarity
Enables/disables BUS-generated triggers on digital pins
FUNCtion CURRent | VOLTage, (@chanlist)
Specifies current priority or voltage priority mode (N678xA SMU)
LIST
:COUNt <NRf+> | INFinity, (@chanlist)
:CURRent
[:LEVel] <NRf> {,<NRf>}, (@chanlist)
:POINts? (@chanlist)
(List commands only on N676xA, N678xA SMU and Option 054)
Sets the list repeat count
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Sets the current list
Returns the number of current list points
19
1
Quick Reference
SCPI Command
[SOURce:]LIST:TOUTput (continued)
:DWELl <NRf> {,<NRf>}, (@chanlist)
:POINts? (@chanlist)
:STEP ONCE | AUTO, (@chanlist)
:TERMinate
:LAST <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:TOUTput
:BOSTep
[:DATA] <Bool> {,<Bool>}, (@chanlist)
:POINts? (@chanlist)
:EOSTep
[:DATA] <Bool> {,<Bool>}, (@chanlist)
:POINts? (@chanlist)
:VOLTage
[:LEVel] <NRf> {,<NRf>}, (@chanlist)
:POINts? (@chanlist)
Sets the list of dwell times
Returns the number of dwell list points
Specifies how the list responds to triggers
Sets the list termination mode
Generate triggers at the Beginning Of Step
Returns the number of beginning of step list points
Generate triggers at the End Of Step
Returns the number of end of step list points
Sets the voltage list
Returns the number of voltage level points
POWer
:LIMit <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
Sets the power limit on output channels
RESistance
[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:STATe <Bool>, (@chanlist)
Sets the output resistance (only on N6781A)
Enables/disables output resistance programming (only N6781A)
STEP
:TOUTput <Bool>, (@chanlist)
Generate a trigger output on the voltage or current step transient
VOLTage
[:LEVel]
[:IMMediate][:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:TRIGgered [:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:BWIDth LOW | HIGH1 | HIGH2 | HIGH3, (@chanlist)
:LIMit
[:POSitive]
[:IMMediate][:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:COUPle <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:NEGative
[:IMMediate][:AMPLitude] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:MODE FIXed | STEP | LIST, (@chanlist)
:PROTection
[:LEVel] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:DELay[:TIME] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:REMote
[:POSitive][:LEVel] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:NEGative[:LEVel] <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:TRACking
[:STATe] <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:OFFSet <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:RANGe <NRf+>, (@chanlist)
:SLEW
[:IMMediate] <NRf+> | INFinity, (@chanlist)
:MAXimum <Bool>, (@chanlist)
20
Description
Sets the output voltage
Sets the triggered output voltage
Sets the voltage bandwidth (only on N678xA SMU)
Sets the positive voltage limit (only on N678xA SMU)
Sets the voltage limit tracking state (only on N6784A)
Sets the negative voltage limit (only on N6784A)
Sets the voltage trigger mode
Sets the over-voltage protection level
Sets the over-voltage protection delay (only on N6783A)
Sets the positive remote OV protection level (only on N678xA SMU)
Sets the negative remote OV protection level (only on N6784A)
(Tracking commands only on Option J01)
Enables/disables tracking OVP
Sets the tracking OVP offset
Sets the output voltage range
Sets the output voltage slew rate
Enables/disables the maximum slew rate override
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Quick Reference
SCPI Command
STATus
:OPERation
[:EVENt]? (@chanlist)
:CONDition? (@chanlist)
:ENABle <NRf>, (@chanlist)
:NTRansition <NRf>, (@chanlist)
:PTRansition <NRf>, (@chanlist)
:PRESet
:QUEStionable
[:EVENt]? (@chanlist)
:CONDition? (@chanlist)
:ENABle <NRf>, (@chanlist)
:NTRansition <NRf>, (@chanlist)
:PTRansition <NRf>, (@chanlist)
SYSTem
:CHANnel
[:COUNt]?
:MODel? (@chanlist)
:OPTion? (@chanlist)
:SERial? (@chanlist)
:COMMunicate
:RLSTate LOCal | REMote | RWLock
:TCPip:CONTrol?
:ERRor?
:GROup
:CATalog?
:DEFine (@chanlist)
:DELete <channel>
:ALL
:PASSword:FPANel:RESet
:REBoot
:VERSion?
TRIGger
:ACQuire
[:IMMediate] (@chanlist)
:CURRent
[:LEVel] <NRf>, (@chanlist)
:SLOPe POSitive | NEGative, (@chanlist)
:SOURce BUS | CURRent<1-4> | EXTernal | PIN<1-7>
| TRANsient<1-4> | VOLTage<1-4>, (@chanlist)
:TOUTput[:ENABle] <Bool>, (@chanlist)
:VOLTage
[:LEVel] <NRf>, (@chanlist)
:SLOPe POSitive | NEGative, (@chanlist)
:ELOG
[:IMMediate] (@chanlist)
:SOURce BUS|EXTernal|IMMediate|PIN<1-7>, (@chanlist)
:TRANsient
[:IMMediate] (@chanlist)
:SOURce BUS | EXTernal | IMMediate | PIN<1-7>
| TRANsient<1-4>, (@chanlist)
Series N6700 User’s Guide
1
Description
Returns the value of the operation event register
Returns the value of the operation condition register
Enables specific bits in the Event register
Sets the Negative transition filter
Sets the Positive transition filter
Presets all enable and transition registers to power-on
Returns the value of the questionable event register
Returns the value of the questionable condition register
Enables specific bits in the Event register
Sets the Negative transition filter
Sets the Positive transition filter
Returns the number of output channels in a mainframe
Returns the model number of the selected channel
Returns the option installed in the selected channel
Returns the serial number of the selected channel
Specifies the Remote/Local state of the instrument
Returns the control connection port number
Returns the error number and error string
(Group commands do NOT apply to N678xA SMU)
Returns the groups that have been defined
Group multiple channels to create a single output
Removes the specified channel from a group
Ungroups all channels
Resets the front panel lock password to zero
Returns the unit to its power-on state
Returns the SCPI version number
(Acquire commands only on N676xA, N678xA SMU and Option 054)
Triggers the measurement immediately
Sets the current trigger level
Sets the current trigger slope
Sets the measurement trigger source
Enables measurement triggers to be sent to a digital port pin
Sets the voltage trigger level
Sets the voltage trigger slope
Triggers the external data log immediately
Sets the external data log trigger source
Triggers the output immediately
Sets the output trigger source
21
1
Quick Reference
Common Commands
Command
Description
Command
Description
*CLS
*ESE <NRf>
*ESR?
*IDN?
*LRN
*OPC
*OPT?
*RCL <NRf>
Clear status
Standard event status enable
Return event status register
Return instrument identification
Returns a sequence of SCPI commands
Enable "operation complete" bit in ESR
Return option number
Recalls a saved instrument state
*RDT?
*RST
*SAV <NRf>
*SRE <NRf>
*STB?
*TRG
*TST?
*WAI
Return output channel descriptions
Reset
Saves an instrument state
Set service request enable register
Return status byte
Trigger
Performs self-test, then returns result
Waits until all device commands are done
*RST Settings
CAL:STAT
CURR
CURR:LIM
CURR:LIM:COUP
CURR:LIM:NEG
CURR:MODE
CURR:PROT:DEL
CURR:PROT:DEL:STAR
CURR:PROT:STAT
CURR:RANG
CURR:SLEW
CURR:SLEW:MAX
CURR:TRIG
DIG:OUTP:DATA
DISP:VIEW
INIT:CONT:TRAN
LIST:COUN
LIST:CURR
LIST:DWEL
LIST:STEP
LIST:TERM:LAST
LIST:TOUT:BOST
LIST:TOUT:EOST
LIST:VOLT
OUTP
OUTP:COUP
OUTP:DEL:FALL
OUTP:DEL:RISE
OUTP:PMOD
OUTP:TMOD
OUTP:PROT:COUP
OUTP:PROT:DEL
OUTP:PROT:OSC
OUTP:PROT:WDOG
OUTP:REL:POL
POW:LIM
RES
RES:STAT
SENS:CURR:CCOM
SENS:CURR:RANG
SENS:CURR:RANG:AUTO
22
OFF
0.08 or MIN
MAX
ON
MIN
FIX
0.02
SCH
OFF
MAX
9.9E+37
ON
MIN
0
METER1
OFF
1
MIN
0.001
AUTO
OFF
OFF
OFF
MIN
OFF
OFF
0
0
VOLT
LOWZ
OFF
0.02
ON
OFF
NORM
MAX
0
OFF
ON
MAX
OFF
SENS:ELOG:CURR:RANG:AUTO
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:CURR
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:CURR:MINM
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:VOLT
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:VOLT:MINM
SENS:ELOG:PER
SENS:ELOG:VOLT:RANG:AUTO
SENS:FUNC
SENS:FUNC:CURR
SENS:FUNC:VOLT
SENS:FUNC:VOLT:INP
SENS:SWE:POIN
SENS:SWE:OFFS:POIN
SENS:SWE:TINT
SENS:SWE:TINT:RES
SENS:VOLT:RANG
SENS:VOLT:RANG:AUTO
SENS:WIND
STEP:TOUT
TRIG:ACQ:CURR
TRIG:ACQ:CURR:SLOP
TRIG:ACQ:SOUR
TRIG:ACQ:TOUT
TRIG:ACQ:VOLT
TRIG:ACQ:VOLT:SLOP
TRIG:ELOG:SOUR
TRIG:TRAN:SOUR
VOLT
VOLT:BWID
VOLT:LIM
VOLT:LIM:COUP
VOLT:LIM:NEG
VOLT:MODE
VOLT:PROT:DEL
VOLT:PROT:REM
VOLT:PROT:REM:NEG
VOLT:RANG
VOLT:SLEW
VOLT:SLEW:MAX
[SOUR:]VOLT:TRIG
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
0.1
OFF
“VOLT”
OFF
ON
MAIN
1024 or 4883
0
20.48E−6
RES20
MAX
OFF
RECT
FALSE
MIN
POS
BUS
OFF
MIN
POS
BUS
BUS
MIN
LOW
MAX
ON
MIN
FIX
0
MAX
MIN
MAX
9.9E+37
ON
MIN
Series N6700 User’s Guide
2
Installation
General Information .......................................................................................... 24
Inspecting the Unit ........................................................................................... 25
Installing the Unit.............................................................................................. 26
Connecting the Line Cord ................................................................................ 30
Connecting the Outputs ................................................................................... 31
Remote Sense Connections ............................................................................ 36
Parallel Connections ......................................................................................... 38
Series Connections ........................................................................................... 40
Additional Load Considerations...................................................................... 42
Connecting the Auxiliary Voltage Measurement Input .............................. 44
This chapter describes how to install your power system. It discusses
rack mounting and line cord connections.
This chapter also discusses how to connect your load to the output
terminals. It discusses what you need to know about wire sizes and
how to compensate for voltage drops in the load leads. It describes
various loads configurations and how to connect the output terminals
in series and parallel.
Before installing the instrument, check the list under “Items
Supplied” and verify that you have received these items with your
instrument. If anything is missing, please contact your nearest
Agilent Sales and Support Office.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
23
2
Installation
General Information
Models
Agilent Model
Description
N6700B / N6701A / N6702A
400 W / 600 W / 1200W MPS Mainframe - without power modules
N6710B / N6711A / N6712A
Build-to-order Modular Power System – mainframe with installed power modules
N6731B / N6741B
50 W / 100 W 5 V DC Power Module
N6732B / N6742B
50 W / 100 W 8 V DC Power Module
N6733B / N6743B / N6773A
50 W / 100 W / 300 W 20 V DC Power Module
N6734B / N6744B / N6774A
50 W / 100 W / 300 W 35 V DC Power Module
N6735B / N6745B / N6775A
50 W / 100 W / 300 W 60 V DC Power Module
N6736B / N6746B / N6776A, N6777A
50 W / 100 W / 300 W 100 V DC Power Module
N6751A / N6752A
50 W / 100 W High-Performance Autoranging DC Power Module
N6753A, N6754A / N6755A , N6756A
300 W / 500 W High-Performance Autoranging DC Power Module
N6761A / N6762A
50 W / 100 W Precision DC Power Module
N6763A, N6764A / N6765A, N6766A
300 W / 500 W Precision DC Power Module
N6781A, N6782A, N6784A
20 W Source/Measure Unit (SMU)
N6783A-MFG / N6783A-BAT
18 W / 24 W Application-Specific DC Power Module
Options
Mainframe Options
Description
0L1
English Manual Set. Contains User’s Guide and Service Guide. Also available as part number 5969-2939.
908
Rack Mount Kit. For mounting in a 19-inch EIA rack cabinet. Also available as Model N6709A.
FLR
Filler module. For mainframes with less than four power modules. Also available as Model N6708A.
Power Module Options
054
High-Speed Test Extensions. Includes digitized output measurements and output list capability.
Available for Models N673xB,- 4xB,-5xA, -7xA. Included with Models N676xA, N678xA SMU, and N6783A.
760 NOTE 1
Output disconnect/polarity reversal. Disconnects the + and – output and sense terminals. Switches the
+ and – output and sense polarities. Not available on N6741B, N6751A, N6752A, N676xA, or N678xA.SMU.
761 NOTE 1
Output disconnect. Disconnects + and – output and sense terminals. Available for all power modules.
UK6
Commercial calibration with test results data
1A7
ISO 17025 calibration certificate
2UA
200 microampere measurement range with output disconnect relays. Only on Models N6761A, N6762A.
J01
Tracking overvoltage protection function. Only available on Models N6752A, N6754A, and N6762A when
installed in an N6700B, N6701A, or N6702A mainframe.
1
24
A small AC network is always present across the output terminals.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Items Supplied
Mainframe Items
Description
Part Number
Power Cord
A power cord suitable for your location.
Call Agilent Sales & Support Office
Ferrite Core
Installs on power cord to reduce common mode currents.
Agilent 9170-2131
Digital Connector plug
8-pin connector for connecting signal lines to the digital port.
Agilent 1253-6408
Phoenix Contact MC 1,5/8-ST-3,5
Product Reference CD-ROM
Includes drivers and documentation.
Agilent 5969-2914
Automation-Ready CD-ROM
Contains Agilent IO Libraries Suite.
Agilent E2094N
Quick Reference Guide
Contains quick reference information.
Agilent 5969-2950
T-10 Torx tool
Torx tool for installing or removing power modules.
Agilent 8710-2416
8 A Output Connector plug
One 8 A, 8-pin connector plug for connecting power and sense
leads. Only used in N678xA SMU.
Agilent 1253-6408
Phoenix Contact MC 1,5/8-ST-3,5
12 A Output Connector plug
One 12 A, 4-pin connector plug for connecting power and
sense leads. Used in all except N6731B, N6741B, N6753AN6756A, N6763A-N6766A, N6773A, N678xA SMU.
Agilent 1253-5826
Phoenix Contact MSTB 2,5/4-STF
20 A Output Connector plug
One 20 A, 4-pin connector plug for connecting power and
sense leads. Only used in N6731B, N6741B, N6754A, N6756A,
N6764A, N6766A, N6773A.
Agilent 1253-6211
Phoenix Contact PC 4/4-ST-7,62
50 A Output Connector plug
One 50 A, 2-pin connector plug for connecting power leads.
Only used in N6753A, N6755A, N6763A, N6765A.
Agilent 1253-7187
Molex 39422-0002
AUX Measurement
connector plug
A 2-pin connector plug for connecting the auxiliary
measurement inputs. Only used in N6781A.
Agilent 1253-8485
Phoenix Contact FMC 1,5/2-ST-3,5
Small Sense Jumpers
Two small jumpers for local sensing at the output connector.
Used in all except N6731B, N6741B, N6753A-N6756A,
N6763A-N6766A, N6773A, N678xA SMU.
Agilent 8120-8821
Phoenix Contact EPB 2-5(1733169)
Large Sense Jumpers
Two large jumpers for local sensing at the output connector.
Only used in N6731B, N6741B, N6754A, N6756A, N6764A,
N6766A, N6773A.
Agilent 0360-2935
Phoenix Contact 3118151
Sense Connector
A 4-pin connector for connecting sense leads. Wires (p/n
5185-8847) are used for local sensing. Only used in N6753A,
N6755A, N6763A, N6765A.
Agilent 1253-5830
Phoenix Contact MC 1,5/4-ST-3,5
Module Cal. Certificate
A certificate of calibration referenced to the serial number.
N/A
Power Module Items
Inspecting the Unit
When you receive your power system, inspect it for any obvious
damage that may have occurred during shipment. If there is damage,
notify the shipping carrier and nearest Agilent Sales and Support
Office immediately. Refer to www.agilent.com/find/assist.
Until you have checked out the power system, save the shipping
carton and packing materials in case the unit has to be returned.
Check the list under “Items Supplied” and verify that you have
received these items with your instrument. If anything is missing,
please contact your nearest Agilent Sales and Support Office.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
25
2
Installation
Installing the Unit
Safety Considerations
This power system is a Safety Class 1 instrument, which means it has
a protective earth terminal. That terminal must be connected to earth
ground through a power source equipped with a ground receptacle.
Refer to the Safety Summary page at the beginning of this guide for
general safety information. Before installation or operation, check
the power system and review this guide for safety warnings and
instructions. Safety warnings for specific procedures are located at
appropriate places throughout this Guide.
Environment
WARNING
Do not operate the instrument in the presence of flammable gasses or fumes
The environmental conditions of the instrument are documented in
Appendix A. Basically, the instrument should only be operated
indoors in a controlled environment.
The dimensions of your instrument as well as an outline diagram are
given in Appendix A. A fan cools the power system by drawing air
through the sides and exhausting it out the side and back. The
instrument must be installed in a location that allows sufficient space
at the sides and back of the unit for adequate air circulation.
Cleaning
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD To prevent electric shock, unplug the unit before cleaning.
Use a dry cloth or one slightly dampened with water to clean the
external case parts. Do not use detergent or chemical solvents. Do
not attempt to clean internally.
Power Module Channel Assignment
The slot location of a power module in the mainframe determines the
channel assignment of the module. When viewed from the rear, the
module next to the GPIB connector is always output channel one.
Numbering continues sequentially to the left, from one up to four.
Double-wide power modules are assigned the number of the lowest
numbered slot in which is installed. For example, if a double-wide
module is installed in slots 3 and 4, it is assigned channel number 3.
Grouped power modules, those that are connected in parallel and
have been configured or grouped to act as a single higher-power
channel, are assigned the channel number of the lowest numbered
slot of the group.
26
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Power Module Installation
NOTE
CAUTION
The information in this section applies if you have purchased an N6700
mainframe without the power modules installed, or if you are adding a power
module to the mainframe.
Turn the mainframe off and disconnect the power cord before installing or
removing power modules. Observe all standard electrostatic discharge
precautions before handling electronic components.
Modules must be installed next to one another, starting with slot 1. Do not
leave any empty slots between modules, otherwise the power system will not
operate. Any remaining unused slots must have a filler module installed to
ensure proper cooling. Do not install filler modules between power modules.
Tools required: T10 Torx driver;
Small flat-blade screwdriver
Firmware Note: Newer power modules can only be installed in
N6700 mainframes with the latest firmware. Refer to the “Updates”
section in the front of this manual for more information. If your
mainframe has the latest firmware version, install the power module.
If not, download and install the latest version firmware from the web.
Step 1. Remove the blower cover. Remove the screws from the top and sides
of the blower cover. Tilt the cover up and slide it out.
Step 2. To install a power module, align the module over the pins and push it
down onto the mainframe connector.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
27
2
Installation
Step 3. Use a T10 Torx driver and install the screws at each end of the power
module. Because the RFI strips apply upward pressure, continue
pushing down on the module until the screws are tight.
Step 4. Replace the blower cover when finished. Carefully fit the spring clips
under the lip of the power modules.
Rack Installation
CAUTION
You cannot use support rails for rack mounting your instrument.
Support rails would block the airflow needed for cooling.
Use Rack Mount kit (Option 908) to rack mount your instrument.
The Rack Mount Kit is also available by ordering part number N6709A.
Agilent N6700 MPS mainframes can be mounted in a 19-inch EIA
rack cabinet. They are designed to fit in one rack-unit (1U) of space.
Do not block the air intake and exhaust at the sides of the unit, or the
exhaust at the rear of the unit.
Tools required: Phillips driver, T22 Torx driver, T10 Torx driver
Step 1. Install eight clip-nuts on the rack frame (2 in each corner) where
your instrument will be located.
4
3
1
6
2b
2d
2c
5
28
2a
1
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Step 2. Install the two front ears and the two rear extender supports on the
instrument as shown in the figure. Use six M3 x 8mm screws (a) for
the front ears and four M3 x 6mm screws (b) for the extender
supports. If the standard extender supports are either too short or
too long, use the longer supports (c). Cut the supports if required (d).
Step 3. Install the two rear ears on the back of the instrument rack as shown
in the figure. Use four plain 10-32 screws to install the rear ears.
Step 4. Slide the instrument into the rack. making sure that the rear
extender supports are aligned inside the rear ears.
Step 5. Attach the front ears to the front of the instrument rack using the
four dress 10-32 screws provided.
Step 6. This is optional. Insert a plain 10-32 screw through the slot of the
rear ear and extender support. Attach it with a clip-nut. Note that
this will prevent the unit from being slid out of the front of the rack.
Bench Installation
CAUTION
Do not block the air intake and exhaust at the sides, or the exhaust at the
rear of the unit. Refer to the outline diagram in Appendix A.
Minimum clearances for bench operation are 2 inches (51 mm) along
the sides and back.
400 Hz Operation
Redundant Ground Requirement
At 400 Hz AC input operation, the leakage current of the unit exceeds
3.5 mA. This requires the installation of a permanent, redundant
ground from the instrument chassis to earth ground. This ensures
that ground will always be connected and that any leakage current
will be diverted to ground. Refer to the Service Guide for installation
instructions.
Power Factor
Refer to Appendix A for power factor statistics at 400 Hz operation.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
29
2
Installation
Connecting the Line Cord
WARNING
FIRE HAZARD Use only the power cord that was supplied with your
instrument. Using other types of power cords may cause overheating of the
power cord, resulting in fire.
SHOCK HAZARD The power cord provides a chassis ground through a third
conductor. Be certain that your power outlet is of the three-conductor type
with the correct pin connected to earth ground.
Connect the power cord to the IEC 320 connector on the rear of the
unit. If the wrong power cord was shipped with your unit, contact
your nearest Agilent Sales and Support Office.
The AC input on the back of your unit is a universal AC input. It
accepts nominal line voltages in the range of 100 VAC to 240 VAC.
The frequency can be 50 Hz, 60 Hz, or 400 Hz.
Agilent N6702A Mainframe Note: Standard AC mains circuits rated
at nominal 100-120 VAC cannot supply enough current to power the
N6702A mainframe when it is operated at its full rated power.
Nevertheless, the N6702A can be connected to an AC mains circuit
rated at nominal 100-120 VAC. In this case, internal circuits will limit
the power available to modules to 600 W. As a result of this power
limiting, the current drawn from the AC mains will be < 15 A, so that
standard 100-120 VAC mains circuits will not be overloaded.
NOTE
The detachable power cord may be used as an emergency disconnecting
device. Removing the power cord will disconnect AC input power to the unit.
Snap-On Ferrite Core
Installing the ferrite core is only necessary if you are connecting
highly sensitive loads to the output of the power system. The purpose
of the ferrite core is to reduce the possibility of common mode
current spikes appearing at the output of the power system when AC
power is switched on or off.
Additional measures to protect sensitive loads from common mode
currents are discussed under “Protecting Sensitive Loads from AC
Power Switching Transients” later in this chapter.
Installation
30

Locate the core anywhere along the length of the cord.

Pass the power cord through the core twice.

Close the core.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Connecting the Outputs
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD Turn off AC power before making rear panel connections.
All wires and straps must be properly connected with the terminal block
screws securely tightened.
Disconnect the connector plug to make your wire connections. The
8A connector plug accepts wires sizes from AWG 14 to AWG 30. The
12A connector plug accepts wires sizes from AWG 12 to AWG 30. The
20A connector plug accepts wires sizes from AWG 10 to AWG 24. The
50A connector plug accepts wires sizes from AWG 6 to AWG 20. Wire
sizes smaller than AWG 20 are not recommended. Connect the load
wires to the + and - terminals. Connect the sense wires to the +s and
-s terminals. Sense jumpers are provided for local sensing.
Securely fasten all wires by tightening the screw terminals. Insert the
connector plug into the back of the unit. Secure the 12 A and 50 A
connector by tightening the locking screws. A chassis ground binding
post is located next to the AC input connector for ground
connections.
Part number information for all connector plugs is provided under
“Items Supplied” at the beginning of this chapter.
CAUTION
On power modules with the 50A sense connector, the +LS and –LS terminals
are ONLY used for local sense connections as illustrated. Do not connect these
terminals in any other way.
TIGHTEN
SCREWS
8A CONNECTOR
-
-
G
+
+ +S G -S
12A & 20 A
CONNECTOR
LOCKING
SCREW
+S
+
50 A
CONNECTOR
+
LOCKING
SCREW
50A
SENSE
-S
+S +LS -LS -S
INSERT
WIRES
SENSE JUMPERS
INSTALLED FOR
LOCAL SENSING
INSERT WIRES
TWIST
LEADS
-
+
LOAD
Series N6700 User’s Guide
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
FOR LOCAL
SENSING
TWIST LEADS
+
+
LOAD
LOAD
31
2
Installation
Wire Size
WARNING
FIRE HAZARD Select a wire size large enough to carry short-circuit current
without overheating (refer to the table below). To satisfy safety requirements,
load wires must be heavy enough not to overheat while carrying the shortcircuit output current of the unit. Agilent Model N678xA SMU wiring
requirements are described on the following page.
Along with conductor temperature, you must also consider voltage
drop when selecting wire sizes. The following table lists the
resistance for various wire sizes and the maximum lengths to limit
the voltage drop to 1.0 V per lead for various currents.
Note that the minimum wire size required to prevent overheating
may not be large enough to prevent over-voltage tripping or maintain
good regulation. Under most conditions, the load wires should also be
heavy enough to limit the voltage drop to no more than l.0 V per lead.
To help prevent nuisance tripping of the over-voltage circuit, select a
wire size sufficient to handle the FULL output current of the unit no
matter what the intended load current or current limit setting
Load lead resistance is also an important factor relating to the CV
stability of the instrument when remote sensing capacitive loads. If
high capacitance loads are expected, you should not use wire gauges
heavier than 12 to 14 AWG for long runs of load lead.
Wire size
Current-carrying capacity in Amps
for stranded copper wire
Resistance
Max. Length to Limit Voltage to 1 V/Lead
for 5 A
for 10 A
for 20A
for 50 A
AWG
2 wires bundled
4 wires bundled
Ω/foot
Wire length in feet
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
7.8
14.5
18.2
29.3
37.6
51.7
70.5
94
6.9
12.8
16.1
25.9
33.2
45.7
62.3
83
0.0102
0.0064
0.0040
0.0025
0.0016
0.0010
0.0006
0.0004
20
30
50
80
125
200
320
504
Area in mm2
2 wires bundled
4 wires bundled
Ω/meter
Wire length in meters
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2.5
4
6
10
7.8
9.4
12.7
15.0
23.5
30.1
37.6
59.2
6.9
8.3
11.2
13.3
20.8
26.6
33.2
52.3
0.0401
0.0267
0.0200
0.0137
0.0082
0.0051
0.0034
0.0020
5
7.4
10
14.6
24.4
39.2
58
102
x
15
25
40
63
100
160
252
x
x
5
7.2
12.2
19.6
29
51
x
x
x
20
30
50
80
126
x
x
x
x
x
20
32
50
x
x
x
x
6.1
9.8
14.7
25
x
x
x
x
x
3.9
5.9
10.3
Notes: 1. Capacity for AWG wires derived from MIL-W-5088B. Max. ambient temp: 55°C. Max. wire temp: 105°C.
2. Capacity for metric wires are derived from IE Publication 335-1.
3. Capacity of aluminum wire is approximately 84% of that listed for copper wire.
4. “x” indicates wire is not rated for the maximum output current of the power module.
5. Because of wire inductance considerations, it is also recommended that you keep your load leads twisted, tie wrapped,
or bundled together and less than 50 feet (14.7 meters) in length per lead.
32
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Agilent N678xA SMU Wiring Requirements
Because of the effect of wire inductance, the wire length information given in
the previous table does not apply to Agilent Models N678xA SMU.
NOTE
To minimize the effect of wire inductance, the following table
describes the allowable load lead and wire length for several common
output wire types. Using longer (or shorter) wire lengths than those
indicated in the table may cause output oscillation.
To module connector
Cable Type
Length in feet
Length in meters
Twisted pair (AWG 14 or smaller)
1 to 4.25 ft
0.3 to 1.3 m
50 ohm coaxial (RG-58)
2 to 10 ft
0.6 to 3 m
10 ohm coaxial (inductance per
cable foot ≤ 32 nH)
8.5 to 33 ft
2 to 10 m
High Bandwidth Modes with Remote Sensing
The following wiring requirements apply when using Agilent Models
N678xA SMU in the High bandwidth modes with remote sensing.
Refer to chapter 4 under “Output Bandwidth” for more information
about the bandwidth settings.
L
4
< 15 cm
+
-
1
3
CL
N678xA
2
+s
- s
5
1) Load wires must be twisted-pair or coax and must not be twisted
with the sense wires. Refer to the above table for length (L).
2) Sense wires must be twisted-pair or coax and must not be twisted
with the load wires.
3) No capacitors are allowed within the sense-compensated load
path.
4) If the load capacitor (CL) is not located at the sense point, the
distance from the sense point to the load capacitor cannot exceed
15 cm and must be twisted-pair, coax, or pc traces.
5) If the test fixture consists of pc traces, the positive and negative
traces should be directly facing on adjacent layers.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
33
2
Installation
To minimize inductance, the width (w) of the traces should be at
least as great as the thickness of the dielectric (h). It is better to
make the traces much wider than this minimum requirement in
order to minimize the DC resistance.
w
h
Low Bandwidth Mode with Remote or Local Sensing
All previously stated wiring requirements still apply in Low
bandwidth mode except for the following.
The 15 cm maximum limit between the sense point and the load
capacitor (see #4) does not apply when using Low bandwidth mode.
Guard Connection
The purpose of a cable guard is to eliminate the effects of leakage
current that can exist in the current path of the external test circuit.
The cable guard can be used when the test fixture requires guarding
and the power system is sourcing or measuring DC currents under
1 μA. Without a guard, leakage currents in the test circuit could affect
the accuracy of the micro-amp measurements. Guarding is generally
not required when measuring currents 1 μA and greater.
As shown below, cable guards are available at the output connector
of Agilent Models N678xA SMU. The guard is typically used to drive
the shields of cables and test fixtures. It provides a buffered voltage
that is at the same potential as the + output terminals of the module
connector. The guard current is limited to about 300 μA.
1. N678xA SMU
connector
- - G + +
+S G -S
GUARD
2. Guard shield
(can be the
shield of a
coaxial cable)
1
2
-
34
+
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Multiple Loads
If you are using local sensing and are connecting multiple loads to
one output, connect each load to the output terminals using separate
connecting wires as shown in the following figure.
8A CONNECTOR
-
-
G
+
+S
+
-S
+ +S G -S
12A & 20 A
CONNECTOR
50 A
CONNECTOR
+
50A SENSE
+S +LS -LS -S
TWIST
LEADS
SENSE JUMPERS
INSTALLED FOR
LOCAL SENSING
TWIST
LEADS
-
+
LOAD
-
+
LOAD
+
+
LOAD
LOAD
+
LOAD
-
+
LOAD
-
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
FOR LOCAL
SENSING
This minimizes mutual coupling effects and takes full advantage of
the power system's low output impedance. Keep each pair of wires as
short as possible and twist or bundle them to reduce lead inductance
and noise pickup.
Note that Agilent Models N678xA SMU have additional wiring
restrictions as discussed under “Agilent N678xA SMU Wiring
Requirements”.
If load considerations require the use of distribution terminals that
are located away from the instrument, connect the output terminals
to the remote distribution terminals by a pair of twisted or bundled
wires. Connect each load to the distribution terminals separately.
Remote voltage sensing is recommended under these circumstances.
Sense either at the remote distribution terminals or, if one load is
more sensitive than the others, directly at the critical load.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
35
2
Installation
Remote Sense Connections
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD Turn off AC power before making or changing rear panel
connections.
Remote sensing improves the voltage regulation at the load by
monitoring the voltage there instead of at the output terminals. This
allows the power system to automatically compensate for the voltage
drop in the load leads. Remote sensing is especially useful for CV
operation with load impedances that vary or have significant lead
resistance. It has no effect during CC operation. Because sensing is
independent of other power system functions, remote sensing can be
used regardless of how the power system is programmed.
Connect the unit for remote sensing by first disconnecting the straps
between sense and load terminals. Make your connections as shown
in the following figure. Connect the load to the output terminals
using separate connecting wires. Keep the wire-pair as short as
possible and twist or bundle it to reduce lead inductance and noise
pickup. Keep load leads under 14.7 meters (50 feet) per lead because
of inductance effects.
8A CONNECTOR
-
-
G +
+S
+ +S G -S
+
-S
12A & 20 A
CONNECTOR
50 A
CONNECTOR
+
50A SENSE
+S +LS -LS -S
TWIST
LEADS
TWIST
PAIR
+
TWIST
PAIR
TWIST
LEADS
+
LOAD
LOAD
+
LOAD
Connect the sense leads as close to the load as possible. Do NOT
bundle the sense wire-pair together with the load leads; keep the load
wires and sense wires separate. Note that the sense leads carry only
a few milliamperes of current and can be a lighter gauge than the
load leads. However, note that any voltage drop in the sense leads
can degrade the voltage regulation of the instrument. Try to keep the
sense lead resistance less than about 0.5Ω per lead (this requires 20
AWG or heavier for a 50 foot length).
Note that Agilent Models N678xA SMU require remote sensing when
using any of the High output bandwidth modes discussed in Chapter
4. Also, these models have additional wiring restrictions as discussed
under “Agilent N678xA SMU Wiring Requirements”.
CAUTION
36
When remote sensing on power modules with the 50A sense connector, do not
connect the +LS and –LS terminals. These are dedicated for local sensing only.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Open Sense Leads
The sense leads are part of the output's feedback path. Connect them
in such a way so that they do not inadvertently become open
circuited. The power system includes protection resistors that reduce
the effect of open sense leads during remote-sensing operation. If the
sense leads open during operation, the power system returns to the
local sensing mode, with the voltage at the output terminals
approximately 1% higher than the programmed value.
Over-voltage Protection Considerations
You must take into account any voltage drop in the load leads when
setting the over-voltage trip point. This is because the OVP circuit
senses at the output terminals and not at the sense terminals. Due to
the voltage drop in the load leads, the voltage sensed by the OVP
circuit could be higher than the voltage being regulated at the load.
Note that for Agilent Models N678xA SMU only, the OVP circuit
senses at the 4-wire sense terminals rather than at the output
terminals. This allows for more precise overvoltage monitoring
directly at the load. Since incorrect sense terminal wiring could
defeat this feature, there is also a backup local OVP function.
The local OVP function tracks the programmed OVP setting and trips
if the voltage at the + and - output terminals rises more than 1.5 V
above the programmed OVP setting. The local OVP also trips if the
voltage at the + and - output terminals exceeds 7.5 V on the 6 V range
and 21.5 V on the 20 V range.
Output Noise Considerations
Any noise picked up on the sense leads will appear at the output
terminals and may adversely affect CV load regulation. Twist the
sense leads or use a ribbon cable to minimize the pickup of external
noise. In extremely noisy environments it may be necessary to shield
the sense leads. Ground the shield at the power system end only; do
not use the shield as one of the sensing conductors.
The noise specifications documented in the Agilent N6700 Modular
Power System Family Specifications Guide apply at the output
terminals when using local sensing. However, voltage transients may
be produced at the load by noise induced in the leads or by load
current transients acting on the inductance and resistance of the load
lead. If it is desirable to keep voltage transient levels to a minimum,
place an aluminum or tantalum capacitor, with an approximate value
of 10 µF per foot (30.5 cm) of load lead, right across the load.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
37
2
Installation
Parallel Connections
Only connect outputs that have identical voltage and current ratings in parallel.
Agilent Models N678xA SMU cannot be connected in parallel.
CAUTION
Connecting outputs in parallel provides a greater current capability
than can be obtained from a single output.
The following figures show how to connect two outputs in parallel.
The figure on the left illustrates local sensing. If voltage drop in the
load leads is a concern, the figure on the right shows how to connect
the sense leads directly at the load. Note that in both cases, the
remote sense terminals must be connected together.
OUTPUT 2
+S
+
OUTPUT 2
OUTPUT 1
+S
-S
+
TWIST LEADS
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
-S
+S
+
OUTPUT 1
+S
-S
+
-S
TWIST
LEADS
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
+
+
LOAD
LOAD
WITH LOCAL SENSING
WITH REMOTE SENSING
The following figure shows the connections for 50A power modules.
OUTPUT 3
OUTPUT 1
+
OUTPUT 3
+
+S +LS -LS -S
OUTPUT 1
+
+S +LS -LS -S
+
+S +LS -LS -S
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
+S +LS -LS -S
TWIST
LEADS
TWIST LEADS
+
+
LOAD
WITH LOCAL SENSING
38
LOAD
WITH REMOTE SENSING
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
Grouping the Outputs
Once outputs have been connected in parallel, they can be configured
or “grouped” to act as a single, higher-power channel. This applies
when programming via the front panel or using SCPI commands.
How to group output channels that have been connected in parallel is
discussed in Chapter 4 under “System-Related Operations”.
If you are not grouping output channels, first program both outputs
to the desired output voltage. Then program the current limit point of
each output. The current limit of the paralleled outputs will be the
sum of both individual current limit points.
Effect on Specifications
Specifications for outputs operating in parallel can be obtained from
the specifications for single outputs. Most specifications are
expressed as a constant or as a percentage (or ppm) plus a constant.
For parallel operation, the percentage portion remains unchanged
while constant portions or any constants are changed as indicated
below. For current readback accuracy and temperature coefficient of
current readback, use the minus current specifications:
Current All parallel specifications referring to current are twice the single output
specification except for programming resolution, which is the same for both
single output and parallel output operation.
Voltage All parallel specifications referring to voltage are the same as for a single
output except for CV load effect, CV load cross regulation, CV source effect,
and CV short term drift. These are all twice the voltage programming accuracy
(including the percentage portion) at all operating points.
Load Transient Load transient specifications are typically twice the single output.
Recovery Time
Series N6700 User’s Guide
39
2
Installation
Series Connections
WARNING
SHOCK HAZARD Floating voltages must not exceed 240 VDC. No output
terminal may be more than 240 VDC from chassis ground.
CAUTION
Only connect outputs that have identical voltage and current ratings in series.
Agilent Models N678xA SMU and N6783A–x cannot be connected in series.
To prevent currents from damaging the power system when the load is
connected, always turn series-connected outputs on and off together.
Do not leave one output on while the other is off.
Connecting outputs in series provides a greater voltage capability
than can be obtained from a single output. Because the current is the
same through each element in a series circuit, outputs connected in
series must have equivalent current ratings.
The following figures show how to connect two outputs in series to a
single load. If voltage drop in the load leads is a concern, connect the
sense leads of output 1 and output 2 for remote sensing as shown in
the figure on the right. Note that the +sense lead of output 1 must
remain connected to the -sense terminal of output 2.
OUTPUT 1
OUTPUT 2
+S
+
+S
-S
+
-S
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
OUTPUT 1
OUTPUT 2
+S
+
+S
-S
+
-S
SENSE
JUMPER
INSTALLED
TWIST LEADS
TWIST LEADS
+
+
LOAD
LOAD
WITH LOCAL SENSING
WITH REMOTE SENSING
The following figure shows the connections for 50A power modules.
40
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
OUTPUT 3
OUTPUT 1
OUTPUT 3
+
+
OUTPUT 1
+
+
+S +LS -LS -S
+S +LS -LS -S
SENSE
JUMPERS
INSTALLED
2
+S +LS -LS -S
+S +LS -LS -S
SENSE
JUMPER
INSTALLED
TWIST LEADS
+
TWIST LEADS
+
LOAD
LOAD
WITH LOCAL SENSING
WITH REMOTE SENSING
Setting the Outputs
Outputs connected together in series cannot be grouped.
To program outputs connected in series, first program the current
limit of each output to the total desired current limit point. Then
program the voltage of each output so that the sum of both voltages
equals the total desired operating voltage. The simplest way to
accomplish this is to program each output to one half of the total
desired operating voltage.
NOTE
The operating mode of each output is determined by the output’s programmed
settings, operating point, and load condition. Because these conditions may
change during series operation, the front panel status indicator will reflect
these changes. This is normal. Momentary status changes are also normal.
Effect on Specifications
Specifications for outputs operating in series can be obtained from
the specifications for single outputs. Most specifications are
expressed as a constant or a percentage (or ppm) plus a constant.
For series operation, the percentage portion remains unchanged
while constant portions or any constants are changed as indicated.
Voltage
All series specifications referring to voltage are twice the single output
specification except for programming resolution, which is the same as for a
single output.
Current
All series specifications referring to current are the same as for a single
output except for CC load effect, CC load cross regulation, CC source effect,
and CC short term drift. These are twice the current programming accuracy
(including the percentage portion) at all operating points.
Load Transient
Recovery Time
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Load transient specifications are typically twice the single output.
41
2
Installation
Additional Load Considerations
Response Time with an External Capacitor
When programming with an external capacitor, voltage response time
may be longer than that for purely resistive loads. Use the following
formula to estimate the additional up-programming response time:
Response Time = (Added Output Capacitor)X(Change in Vout)
(Current Limit Setting)−(Load Current)
Note that programming into an external output capacitor may cause
the power system to briefly enter constant current or constant power
operating mode, which adds additional time to the estimation.
Positive and Negative Voltages
Either positive or negative voltages with respect to ground can be
obtained from the output by grounding (or "commoning") one of the
output terminals. Always use two wires to connect the load to the
output regardless of where or how the system is grounded. The
instrument can be operated with any output terminal ± 240 VDC
including output voltage from ground.
NOTE
Agilent Models N678xA SMU are optimized for grounding the negative output
terminal. Grounding the positive terminal may result in increased current
measurement noise and a reduction in current measurement accuracy.
Protecting Sensitive Loads from AC Power Switching Transients
NOTE
This only applies if you are connecting loads that are highly sensitive to voltage
or current transients to the output of the power system. If your load is
connected directly to the output of the power system and is not connected to
chassis ground in any way, you do not need to worry about AC power switching
transients appearing at the output of the power system.
Operating the AC line switch can inject common mode current spikes
into the DC output leads, resulting in voltage spikes that may damage
loads that are highly sensitive to voltage or current transients. Note
that any electronic device meeting international standards for EMI
compliance is likely to generate similar current spikes. This situation
arises from the presence of EMI filters at both the AC input and the
DC output. These filters typically include common mode capacitors
connected to the chassis of the power system. Since the AC input has
an earth ground, any load that is also earth-grounded provides a
possible return path for common mode currents.
The following figure illustrates a typical situation where a load that
might otherwise be floating becomes grounded, thereby providing a
return path for any injected currents. In this case, the return path is
42
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Installation
2
created by the low side of the scope probe, which is connected to the
load circuit common and also to the scope’s chassis. For this and
similar cases, the following steps by order of preference, will help
mitigate common mode current spikes appearing at the output when
the power system is turned on or off by the AC line switch:
1
Install the ferrite core on the power cord as described under
"Snap-On Core". This inserts impedance in the current path.
2
Install a separate “bonding” wire from the load’s common point,
to the ground terminal of the power system. This provides a
lower impedance path that helps direct injected currents away
from the DC output leads (and the sensitive load).
3
Break the return path through the external equipment. For
example, instead of the single-ended scope shown in the figure,
you can use a differential scope with a floating input or you can
connect an isolated measuring instrument to the load.
2
Scope
probe
N6700 Modular
Power System
3
-S
+
1
NOTE
Series N6700 User’s Guide
+S
+
Disconnecting the load from the output before switching the power system on
or off will always protect the load from common mode currents.
43
2
Installation
Agilent N6781A Auxiliary Voltage Measurement Input
The auxiliary voltage measurement input is located on the rear panel
of the Agilent N6781A. It is primarily used for battery voltage
rundown measurements, but it is also suitable for general purpose
DC measurements between ± 20 VDC. As shown in the following
figure, auxiliary voltage measurements cannot be made on test points
that are at a greater potential than ± 20 VDC from Common.
Refer to chapter 4 under “Making Measurements” for more
information.
CAUTION
A. AUX Voltage
Measurement
inputs
B. Test Fixture
1. 36 V
2. 24 V
3. 12 V
4. Com.
5. –12 V
6. –24 V
7. –36 V
When using the auxiliary voltage measurement input on Model N6781A, no
output terminal or measurement input terminal may be more than ± 60 VDC
from any other terminal and chassis ground.
+
A
–
–
– G
+
+ –S G +S
1
B
R1
12V
DVM
2
+
R2
12V
DVM
36V
DC
3
LOAD
R3
12V
DVM
–
4
R4
12V
DVM
5
R5
12V
DVM
36V
DC
6
R6
12V
DVM
7
44
Series N6700 User’s Guide
3
Getting Started
Turning the Unit On .......................................................................................... 46
Selecting an Output Channel .......................................................................... 46
Entering an Output Voltage Setting ............................................................... 46
Entering a Current Limit Setting ..................................................................... 47
Enabling the Output .......................................................................................... 47
Using the Front Panel Menu ........................................................................... 48
Connecting to the Interfaces .......................................................................... 50
Communicating Over the LAN ........................................................................ 57
Securing the Interfaces .................................................................................... 59
This chapter describes how to get started using your power system. It
discusses turning the unit on, using the front panel controls, and
navigating the front panel command menu. A map of the front panel
menu structure is found in Chapter 1.
This chapter also contains information on how to configure the three
remote interfaces that are provided on the back of the instrument.
NOTE
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Detailed information on configuring the remote interfaces is included in the
Agilent Technologies USB/LAN/GPIB Interfaces Connectivity Guide, which is
available on the Automation-Ready CD included with this product.
45
3
Getting Started
Turning the Unit On
After you have connected the line cord, turn the unit on with the
front panel power switch. The front panel display will light up after a
few seconds.
A power-on self-test occurs automatically when you turn the unit on.
This test assures you that the instrument is operational. If the selftest fails, the front panel Err indicator comes on. Press the Error key
to display the list of errors on the front panel. Refer to the Service
Guide for further information.
When the front panel display appears, you can use the front panel
controls to enter voltage and current values.
Selecting an Output Channel
Channel
Press the Channel key to select the output channel that you wish to program.
Entering an Output Voltage Setting
Method 1 – Use the Navigation and Arrow Keys
Navigation Keys
Use the left and right navigation keys to navigate to the setting that you wish
to change. In the display below, channel 1’s voltage setting is selected. Enter
a value using the numeric keypad. Then press Enter.
Sel
Arrow Keys
 
You can also use the arrow keys to adjust the value up or down, and switch
between + and − limits on Model N6784A. When the output is on and the
unit is operating in CV mode, the output voltage changes immediately.
Otherwise, the value will become effective when the output is turned on.
Method 2 - Use the Voltage key to enter a value
Voltage
NOTE
46
Use the Voltage key to select the voltage entry field. In the display below,
channel 1’s voltage setting is selected. Enter the desired setting using the
numeric keypad. Then press Enter.
If you make a mistake, either use the  backspace key to delete the number,
press Back to back out of the menu, or press Meter to return to meter mode.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Getting Started
3
Entering a Current Limit Setting
Method 1 – Use the Navigation and Arrow Keys
Navigation Keys
Use the left and right navigation keys to navigate to the setting that you wish
to change. In the display below, channel 1’s current setting is selected. Enter
a value using the numeric keypad. Then press Enter.
Sel
Arrow Keys
 
You can also use the arrow keys to adjust the value up or down and switch
between + and − limits on Models N678xA SMU. When the output is on and
the unit is operating in CC mode, the output current changes immediately.
Otherwise, the value will become effective when the output is turned on.
Method 2 - Use the Current key to enter a value
Current
NOTE
Use the Current key to select the current entry field. In the display below,
channel 1’s current setting is selected. Enter the desired setting using the
numeric keypad. Then press Enter.
If you make a mistake, either use the  backspace key to delete the number,
press Back to back out of the menu, or press Meter to return to meter mode.
Enabling the Output
Use the On/Off key to enable the output
On/Off
NOTE
Series N6700 User’s Guide
If a load is connected to the output, the front panel display will indicate that
it is drawing current. Otherwise, the current reading will be zero. The status
indicator next to the channel number indicates the output’s status. In this
case, the output channel is in constant voltage mode.
For a description of the status indicators, refer to Chapter 1, under “Front Panel
Display – At a Glance”.
47
3
Getting Started
Using the Front Panel Menu
The front panel command menu lets you access most of the power
system’s functions. The actual function controls are located at the
lowest menu level. Briefly:

Press the Menu key to access the command menu.

Press the navigation keys to move across the menu commands.

Press the center (Sel) key to select a command and move down to
the next level in the menu.

Press the Help key at the lowest menu level to display help
information about the function controls.
A map of the front panel command structure is found in Chapter 1.
The following example shows you how to navigate the front panel
command menu to program the over-voltage protection function.
Set the Over-Voltage Protection
The over-voltage protection function turns off the affected output if
the output voltage reaches the programmed over-voltage limit.
Press the Menu key to access the front panel command menu.
Menu
The first line identifies the output channel that is being controlled followed
by the menu path. Since the top level is displayed, the path is empty.
The second line indicates the commands that are available at the present
menu level. In this case, the top-level menu commands are shown, with the
Output command highlighted.
The third line indicates which commands are available under the Output
command. Selecting the highlighted command accesses this lower level.
Sel
Sel
48
Press the right arrow  navigation key to traverse the menu until the Protect
command is highlighted. Press the Sel key to select the Protect command.
The menu path now shows that the commands shown on the second line are
located under the Protect command. The OVP command is highlighted. The
third line indicates which functions are located under the OVP command.
Press the Sel key to select the OVP command.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Getting Started
Sel
4
3
The command menu is now at the function control level. This is the lowest
level in this path.
Use the navigation keys to highlight the OVP Level control as shown below.
Enter the desired over-voltage level using the numeric keypad. Then press
Enter.
4 Enter
Channel
NOTE
Press the Channel key at any time to select a different output channel. This
can save time because you can directly access the OVP control of each
channel without having to navigate through the menu levels.
If you program an over-voltage protection level that is lower than the present
output voltage, the over-voltage protection circuit will trip and turn the output
channel off. The front panel status indicator will show OV.
Exiting the Command Menu
There are two ways to exit the command menu.
Meter
Press the Meter key to immediately return to the metering screen. This is the
quickest way to return to metering mode.
Back
Press the Back key to back up one level at a time in the command menu.
This method may be more convenient if there are other menu commands to
be given.
Detailed instructions on how to use the power system’s functions and
capabilities are found in the next chapter. Detailed information about
the SCPI programming commands are found in the Programmer’s
Reference Help file on your Agilent N6700 Product Reference CD.
In Case of Trouble
Press the Help key to obtain additional help about any function
control menu level. Press the Back key to exit the Help menu.
The front panel Err indicator comes on if self-test fails or if other
operating problems occur with your instrument. Press the Error key
to display the list of errors. Refer to the N6700 Service Guide for
further information.
The N6700 Service Guide is included as part of the optional Manual
Set (Option 0L1). An electronic copy of the N6700 Service Guide is
also included on the N6700 Product Reference CD-ROM.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
49
3
Getting Started
Connecting to the Interfaces
The Agilent N6700 MPS supports GPIB, LAN, and USB interfaces. All
three interfaces are live at power-on. Connect your interface cable to
the appropriate interface connector. Information on configuring the
interfaces is found later in this chapter.
The front panel IO indicator comes on whenever there is activity on
the remote interfaces. The front panel Lan indicator comes on when
the LAN port is connected and configured.
Power system mainframes provide Ethernet connection monitoring.
With Ethernet connection monitoring, the instrument’s LAN port is
continually monitored, and automatically reconfigured when the
instrument is unplugged for a minimum of 20 seconds and then
reconnected to a network.
GPIB Interface
NOTE
For detailed information about GPIB interface connections, refer to the Agilent
Technologies USB/LAN/GPIB Interfaces Connectivity Guide, located on the
Automation-Ready CD that is shipped with your product.
The following steps will help you quickly get started connecting your
instrument to the General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB). The
following figure illustrates a typical GPIB interface system.
50
1
If you have not already done so, install the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite from the Automation-Ready CD that is shipped with your
product.
2
If you do not have a GPIB interface card installed on your
computer, turn off your computer and install the GPIB card.
3
Connect your instrument to the GPIB interface card using a GPIB
interface cable.
4
Use the Connection Expert utility of the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite to configure the installed GPIB interface card’s parameters.
5
The power system is shipped with its GPIB address set to 5. Use
the front panel menu if you need to change the GPIB address.
a
Press the Menu key, then use the navigation keys to select
System\IO\GPIB.
b
Use the numeric keys to enter a new value. Valid addresses
are from 0 to 30. Press the Enter key to enter the value. Press
the Meter key to exit the menu.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Getting Started
6
3
You can now use Interactive IO within the Connection Expert to
communicate with your instrument, or you can program your
instrument using the various programming environments.
USB Interface
NOTE
For detailed information about USB interface connections, refer to the Agilent
Technologies USB/LAN/GPIB Interfaces Connectivity Guide, located on the
Automation-Ready CD that is shipped with your product.
The following steps will help you quickly get started connecting your
USB-enabled instrument to the Universal Serial Bus (USB). The
following figure illustrates a typical USB interface system.
1
If you have not already done so, install the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite from the Automation-Ready CD that is shipped with your
product.
2
Connect your instrument to the USB port on your computer.
3
With the Connection Expert utility of the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite running, the computer will automatically recognize the
instrument. This may take several seconds. When the instrument
is recognized, your computer will display the VISA alias, IDN
string, and VISA address. This information is located in the USB
folder.
4
Note that you can also view the instrument’s VISA address from
the front panel. Press the Menu key, then use the navigation keys
to select System\IO\USB\Identification.
5
You can now use Interactive IO within the Connection Expert to
communicate with your instrument, or you can program your
instrument using the various programming environments.
LAN Interface
NOTE
For detailed information about LAN interface connections, refer to the Agilent
Technologies USB/LAN/GPIB Interfaces Connectivity Guide, located on the
Automation-Ready CD that is shipped with your product.
The following steps will help you quickly get started connecting and
configuring your instrument on a local area network. The two types
of local area networks connections that are discussed in this section
are site networks and private networks.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
51
3
Getting Started
Connecting to a Site LAN
A site LAN is a local area network in which LAN-enabled instruments
and computers are connected to the network through routers, hubs,
and/or switches. They are typically large, centrally-managed
networks with services such as DHCP and DNS servers.
NOTE
1
If you have not already done so, install the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite from the Automation-Ready CD that is shipped with your
product.
2
Connect the instrument to the site LAN. The factory-shipped
instrument LAN settings are configured to automatically obtain
an IP address from the network using a DHCP server (DHCP is
set On). Note that this may take up to one minute. The DHCP
server will register the instrument’s hostname with the dynamic
DNS server. The hostname as well as the IP address can then be
used to communicate with the instrument. The front panel Lan
indicator will come on when the LAN port has been configured.
If you need to manually configure any instrument LAN settings, refer to
“Configuring the LAN Parameters” later in this chapter for information about
configuring the LAN settings from the front panel of the instrument.
3
NOTE
Use the Connection Expert utility of the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite to add the N6700 power system and verify a connection. To
add the instrument, you can request the Connection Expert to
discover the instrument. If the instrument cannot be found, add
the instrument using the instrument’s hostname or IP address.
If this does not work, refer to the chapter on “Troubleshooting Guidelines” in
the Agilent Technologies USB/LAN/GPIB Interfaces Connectivity Guide.
4
You can now use Interactive IO within the Connection Expert to
communicate with your instrument, or you can program your
instrument using the various programming environments. You
can also use the Web browser on your computer to communicate
with the instrument as described under “Using the Web Server”
later in this chapter.
Connecting to a Private LAN
A private LAN is a network in which LAN-enabled instruments and
computers are directly connected, and not connected to a site LAN.
They are typically small, with no centrally-managed resources.
52
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Getting Started
NOTE
1
If you have not already done so, install the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite from the Automation-Ready CD that is shipped with your
product.
2
Connect the instrument to the computer using a LAN crossover
cable. Alternatively, connect the computer and the instrument to
a standalone hub or switch using regular LAN cables.
Make sure your computer is configured to obtain its address from DHCP and that
NetBIOS over TCP/IP is enabled. Note that if the computer had been connected to a
site LAN, it may still retain previous network settings from the site LAN. Wait one
minute after disconnecting it from the site LAN before connecting it to the private
LAN. This allows Windows to sense that it is on a different network and restart the
network configuration. If you are running Windows 98, you may need to manually
release the previous settings.
3
NOTE
Use the Connection Expert utility of the Agilent IO Libraries
Suite to add the N6700 power system and verify a connection. To
add the instrument, you can request the Connection Expert to
discover the instrument. If the instrument cannot be found, add
the instrument using the instrument’s hostname or IP address.
If this does not work, refer to the chapter on “Troubleshooting Guidelines” in the
Agilent Technologies USB/LAN/GPIB Interfaces Connectivity Guide.
5
Series N6700 User’s Guide
The factory-shipped instrument LAN settings are configured to
automatically obtain an IP address from a site network using a
DHCP server. You can leave these settings as they are. Most
Agilent products and most computers will automatically choose
an IP address using auto-IP if a DHCP server is not present. Each
assigns itself an IP address from the block 169.254.nnn. Note that
this may take up to one minute. The front panel Lan indicator
will come on when the LAN port has been configured.
Turning off DHCP reduces the time required to fully configure a network connection
when the power system is turned on. To manually configure the instrument LAN
settings, refer to “Configuring the LAN Parameters” later in this chapter.
4
NOTE
3
You can now use Interactive IO within the Connection Expert to
communicate with your instrument, or you can program your
instrument using the various programming environments. You
can also use the Web browser on your computer to communicate
with the instrument as described under “Using the Web Server”
later in this chapter.
53
3
Getting Started
Viewing the Active LAN Settings
To view the currently active LAN settings, press the Menu key, then
use the navigation keys to select: System\IO\LAN\ActiveSettings.
The currently active settings for the IP Address, Subnet Mask, and
Default Gateway may be different from the front panel configuration
menu settings - depending on the configuration of the network. If the
settings are different, it is because the network has automatically
assigned its own settings.
Modifying the LAN Settings
NOTE
The power system must be rebooted for any LAN setting modifications to take
effect.
As shipped from the factory, the power system’s pre-configured
settings should work in most LAN environments. If you need to
manually configure these settings, press the Menu key, then use the
navigation keys to select: System\IO\LAN\Config.
In the Config menu you can then select from the following items: IP,
Name, Domain, DNS, TCP, and Reset. Note that the Reset command
resets the LAN settings to the factory-shipped state.
IP
Select IP to configure the addressing of the instrument. The
configurable parameters include:
Automatic
Manual
IP Address
Subnet Mask
54
This parameter automatically configures the addressing of the instrument.
When selected, the instrument will first try to obtain an IP address from a
DHCP server. If a DHCP server is found, the DHCP server will assign an IP
address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway to the instrument. If a DHCP
server is unavailable, the instrument will try to obtain an IP address using
AutoIP. AutoIP automatically assigns an IP address, Subnet Mask, and
Default Gateway addresses on networks that do not have a DHCP server.
This parameter allows you to manually configure the addressing of the
instrument by entering values in the following three fields. These fields only
appear when Manual is selected.
This value is the Internet Protocol (IP) address of the instrument. An IP
address is required for all IP and TCP/IP communications with the
instrument. An IP Address consists of 4 decimal numbers separated by
periods. Each decimal number ranges from 0 through 255.
This value is used to enable the instrument to determine if a client IP
address is on the same local subnet. When a client IP address is on a
different subnet, all packets must be sent to the Default Gateway.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Getting Started
Default
Gateway
3
This value is the IP Address of the default gateway that allows the
instrument to communicate with systems that are not on the local subnet,
as determined by the subnet mask setting. A value of 0.0.0.0 indicates that
no default gateway is defined.
Name
Select Name to configure the hostname of the instrument. If you want
to change the hostname, you should do so before you connect the
instrument to the network. Otherwise, the original hostname may be
cached in the network for up to several hours.
Host name
This field registers the supplied name with the selected naming service. If
the field is left blank, no name is registered. A hostname may contain upper
and lower case letters, numbers and dashes(-). The maximum length is 15
characters. Use the navigation keys to enter an alpha character. Use the
up/down navigation or arrow keys to select a letter from the alphabetic
choices as you scroll through the selections. Use the number keys to enter
a number.
Each power system is shipped with a default hostname with the format: Amodelnumber-serialnumber, where modelnumber is the mainframe’s 6character model number (e.g. N6700B), and serialnumber is the last five
characters of the 10-character mainframe serial number located on the label
on the top of the unit (e.g. 45678 if the serial number is MY12345678).
A-N6700B-45678 is an example of a hostname.
Use Dynamic DNS
naming service
Registers the hostname using the Dynamic DNS naming system.
Use NetBIOS
naming service
Registers the hostname using the RFC NetBIOS naming protocol.
Domain
Select Domain if your DNS server requires an instrument to register
not only the hostname, but also the domain name.
Domain name
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Registers the Internet domain for the instrument. The Domain must start
with a letter and may contain upper and lower case letters, numbers,
dashes(-) and dots(.). Use the navigation keys to enter an alpha character.
Use the up/down navigation or arrow keys to select a letter from the
alphabetic choices as you scroll through the selections. Use the number
keys to enter a number.
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3
Getting Started
DNS
Select DNS to configure the Domain Name System (DNS) setup of the
instrument. DNS is an internet service that translates domain names
into IP addresses. It is also needed for the instrument to find and
display its hostname assigned by the network.
Obtain DNS server
from DHCP
Select this item to obtain the DNS server address from DHCP. You must
have enabled DHCP in the IP menu.
Use the following
DNS server
Select this item if you are not using DHCP or need to connect to a specific
DNS server.
DNS Server
This value is the address of the DNS server. It is used if you are not using
DHCP or if you need to connect to a specific DNS server.
NOTE
For improved performance when connected to an isolated subnet, select Use
the following DNS server. However, leave the DNS server address field blank.
TCP
Select TCP to configure the TCP keepalive settings of the instrument.
Enable TCP
Keepalive
TCP keepalive
timeout
Check the Enable box to enable the TCP keepalive function. The instrument
uses the TCP keepalive timer to determine if a client is still reachable. If
there has been no activity on the connection after the specified time, the
instrument will send keepalive probes to the client to determine if it is still
alive. If not, the connection will be marked as down or "dropped." The
instrument will release any resources that were allocated to that client.
This is the delay in seconds before TCP keepalive probes will be sent to the
client. It is recommended that the largest value be used that still meets the
application's need for unreachable client detection. Smaller keepalive timeout values will generate more keepalive probes (network traffic), using more
of the available network bandwidth. Allowed values: 720 - 99999 seconds.
Reset
Resets the LAN settings to the factory-shipped state. These settings
are listed at the end of this chapter.
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Getting Started
3
Communicating Over the LAN
The Agilent IO Libraries Suite along with instrument drivers for
specific programming environments can be used to communicate
with your power system. You can also communicate with your power
system using its built-in Web server, the Telnet utility, or sockets.
These latter methods are a convenient way to communicate with the
power system without using I/O libraries or drivers. In all cases, you
must first establish a LAN connection from your computer to the
power system as previously discussed.
Using the Web Server
Your power system has a built-in Web server that lets you control it
directly from an internet browser on your computer. With the Web
server, you can access the front panel control functions including the
LAN configuration parameters. Up to two simultaneous connections
are allowed. With additional connections, performance will be
reduced.
NOTE
The built-in Web server only operates over the LAN interface. It requires Internet
Explorer 7+ or Firefox2+. You also need the Java (Sun) Plug-in. This is included in
the Java Runtime Environment. Refer to Sun Microsystem’s website. If you are
using Internet Explorer 7 open a separate browser window for each connection.
The Web server is enabled when shipped. To launch the Web server:
Series N6700 User’s Guide
1
Open the internet browser on your computer.
2
Enter the instrument’s hostname or IP address into the browser’s
Address field to launch the Web server. The following home page
will appear:
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3
Getting Started
3
Click on the Browser Web Control button in the navigation bar
on the left to begin controlling your instrument.
4
For additional help about any of the pages, click on the Help with
this Page button.
If desired, you can control access to the Web server using password
protection. As shipped from the factory, no password is set. To set a
password, click on the View & Modify Configuration button. Refer to
the on-line help for additional information about setting a password.
Using Telnet
In an MS-DOS Command Prompt box type: telnet hostname 5024
where hostname is the N6700 hostname or IP address, and 5024 is
the instrument’s telnet port.
You should get a Telnet session box with a title indicating that you
are connected to the power system. Type the SCPI commands at the
prompt.
Using Sockets
NOTE
Power system mainframes allow any combination of up to four simultaneous
data socket, control socket, and telnet connections to be made.
Agilent instruments have standardized on using port 5025 for SCPI
socket services. A data socket on this port can be used to send and
receive ASCII/SCPI commands, queries, and query responses. All
commands must be terminated with a newline for the message to be
parsed. All query responses will also be terminated with a newline.
The socket programming interface also allows a control socket
connection. The control socket can be used by a client to send device
clear and to receive service requests. Unlike the data socket, which
uses a fixed port number, the port number for a control socket varies
and must be obtained by sending the following SCPI query to the data
socket: SYSTem:COMMunicate:TCPip:CONTrol?
After the port number is obtained, a control socket connection can be
opened. As with the data socket, all commands to the control socket
must be terminated with a newline, and all query responses returned
on the control socket will be terminated with a newline.
To send a device clear, send the string “DCL” to the control socket.
When the power system has finished performing the device clear it
echoes the string “DCL” back to the control socket.
Service requests are enabled for control sockets using the Service
Request Enable register. Once service requests have been enabled,
the client program listens on the control connection. When SRQ goes
true the instrument will send the string “SRQ +nn” to the client. The
“nn” is the status byte value, which the client can use to determine
the source of the service request.
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Getting Started
3
Securing the Interfaces
Enable/Disable the USB, LAN, and Web Server
The USB interface, LAN interface, and the Web server are enabled
when shipped.
To enable or disable the USB interface from the front panel, press the
Menu key and select System\Admin\USB.
Enable USB
Check this box to enable the USB.
Uncheck this box to disable the USB.
To enable or disable the LAN interface or Web server, press the Menu
key and select the following menu commands: System\Admin\LAN.
Enable LAN
Check this box to enable the LAN. Uncheck this box to disable the LAN.
Enable Web
Server
Check this box to enable the Web server. Uncheck this box to disable the
Web server. The LAN must be enabled in order to enable the Web server.
If you cannot access the Admin menu, it may be password protected.
Password-Protecting the Interfaces, Factory Settings, and Calibration
You can password-protect access to the LAN and USB interfaces as
well as the non-volatile RAM reset and the calibration functions. This
capability is available in the System\Admin menu.
As shipped from the factory, the Admin menu password is 0 (zero).
This means that you do not have to enter a password to access the
Admin menu. Simply select System\Admin\Login and press Enter.
To password-protect the Admin menu, select System\Admin\
Password. The password must be numeric, and up to 15 digits long.
When done, log out of the Admin menu to activate the password. You
can now only enter the Admin menu by providing the right password.
If the password is lost, access can be restored by setting an internal
switch to reset the password to 0. If the message “Locked out by
internal switch setting” or “Calibration is inhibited by switch setting”
appears, the internal switch is set to prevent the password from
being changed (Refer to the Service Guide).
Restoring the Non-volatile Factory Settings
Remote interface settings are stored in non-volatile memory. The
factory-shipped interface settings documented in the following table
are optimized for connecting your power system to a site network.
They should also work well for other network configurations.
These factory-shipped LAN settings can be restored by selecting the
Reset control in the System\IO\LAN\Config\Reset menu.
All non-volatile settings including LAN, can be restored by selecting
the Reset control located in the System\Admin\Nvram menu.
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3
Getting Started
Factory-shipped non-volatile LAN settings
Get IP Address
Automatic
Dynamic DNS naming service
Enabled
IP Address
169.254.67.0
NetBIOS naming service
Enabled
Subnet Mask
255.255.0.0
Domain name
Blank
Default Gateway
0.0.0.0
TCP keepalive
Enabled
Obtain DNS server from DHCP
Enabled
TCP keepalive seconds
1800
DNS server
Blank
Ethernet Auto-negotiation
Enabled
Host name
A-N67xxx-xxxxx
Ping server
Enabled
Web password
Blank
Other factory-shipped non-volatile settings
60
Admin/Calibration password
0 (zero)
On/Off key affects all channels
Disabled
Calibration date
March 5, 2003
Output Inhibit mode
Off
Channel grouping
No groups
Saved states
*RST command
Digital port function (all pins)
Digital In
Screen contrast
50%
Digital port polarity (all pins)
Positive
Screen saver
Enabled
Front panel lockout
Disabled
Screen saver delay
60 minutes
Front panel meter view
1-channel
USB interface
Enabled
GPIB Address
5
Wake on I/O
Enabled
Key clicks
Enabled
Web server
Enabled
LAN interface
Enabled
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Operating the Power System
Programming the Output ................................................................................. 62
Synchronizing Output Steps ............................................................................ 68
Programming Output Lists............................................................................... 72
Making Measurements .................................................................................... 77
Using the Digitizer............................................................................................. 79
Using the Protection Functions ...................................................................... 87
External Data Logging ...................................................................................... 91
System-Related Operations ............................................................................. 95
This chapter contains examples on how to operate your power
system from the front panel and over the remote interface using SCPI
commands.
For complete details on the SCPI (Standard Commands for
Programmable Instruments) commands, refer to the Programmer’s
Reference Help file included on the Agilent N6700 Product Reference
CD. This CD-ROM is shipped along with your instrument.
The simple examples discussed in this chapter show you how to
program:

Output voltage and current functions

Output triggers

Measurement functions

Measurement triggers

Protection functions

System functions
Refer to Appendix B for information about using the Digital Port on
the back of your instrument.
Refer to Appendix C for information about using the power
allocation function.
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4
Operating the Power System
Programming the Output
Select a Channel View
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Meter key to toggle
between single-channel and
multiple-channel view.
To select single-channel view:
DISP:VIEW METER1
To set multiple-channel view:
DISP:VIEW METER4
Select an Output Channel
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Channel key to select an
output channel.
Enter the selected channel(s) in the
command’s parameter list.
OUTP;STAT? (@1,2)
Set the Output Voltage
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Voltage key.
To set output 1 to 5 V:
VOLT 5,(@1)
To set all outputs to 10 V:
VOLT 10,(@1:4)
Enter a value and press Select.
For models with multiple ranges, you can select a lower range if you
need better output resolution.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Voltage key.
To select the lower range, program a
value that falls within the range:
VOLT:RANG 5,(@1)
Select a lower range and press
Select.
For Agilent Models N678xA SMU operating in current priority mode,
you can specify a Voltage limit., which limits the output voltage at the
specified value. In current priority mode, the output current remains
at its programmed setting as long as the output voltage is within the
positive or negative limit. Check Tracking to let the negative voltage
limit track the positive voltage limit setting.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Voltage key.
To select the voltage limit:
VOLT:LIM 5,(@1)
To select the negative voltage limit:
VOLT:LIM:NEG 3,(@1)
To enable voltage limit tracking:
VOLT:LIM:COUP ON,(@1)
Specify a + Voltage limit and or a
− Voltage limit and press Select.
Check the Tracking box if you want
the − limit to track the + limit.
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Set the Output Current
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Current key.
To set output 1 to 1 A:
CURR 1,(@1)
To set all outputs to 2 A:
CURR 2,(@1:4)
Enter a value and press Select.
For models with multiple ranges, you can select a lower range if you
need better output resolution.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Current key.
To select the lower range, program a
value that falls within the range:
CURR:RANG 1,(@1)
Select a lower range and press
Select.
For Agilent Models N678xA SMU operating in voltage priority mode,
you can specify a Current limit., which limits the output current at
the specified value. In voltage priority mode, the output voltage
remains at its programmed setting as long as the load current is
within the positive or negative limit. Check Tracking to let the
negative current limit track the positive current limit setting.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Current key.
To select the current limit:
CURR:LIM 5,(@1)
To select the negative current limit:
CURR:LIM:NEG 3,(@1)
To enable current limit tracking:
CURR:LIM:COUP ON,(@1)
Specify a + Current limit and or a
− Current limit and press Select.
Check the Tracking box if you want
the − limit to track the + limit.
Set the Output Mode
NOTE
This information applies to Agilent Models N678xA SMU only.
For Agilent Models N678xA SMU, you can select either Voltage
priority or Current priority mode.
In voltage priority mode the output is controlled by a bi-polar
constant voltage feedback loop, which maintains the output voltage
at its positive or negative programmed setting. The output voltage
will remain at its programmed setting as long as the load current
remains within the positive or negative current limit.
In current priority mode the output is controlled by a bi-polar
constant current feedback loop, which maintains the output sourcing
or sinking current at its programmed setting. The output current will
remain at its programmed setting as long as the load voltage remains
within the positive or negative voltage limit.
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4
Operating the Power System
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Output\Mode.
To set output 1 to current priority:
FUNC CURR,(@1)
Select either Voltage priority or
Current priority and press Select.
NOTE
When switching between Voltage priority and Current priority, the output is
turned off and the output settings revert to their Power-on or RST values. Refer
to Appendix E for information about voltage and current priority mode operation.
Set the Slew Rate
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Output\Advanced\Slew
Then select Voltage or Current
To set the voltage slew rate to 5 V/s
VOLT:SLEW 5,(@1)
Enter the voltage or current slew
rate in the Slew Rate field.
Check Max slew rate to program
the fastest slew rate.
To set the fastest slew rate:
VOLT:SLEW MAX,(@1)
To set the current slew rate to 1 A/s
CURR:SLEW 1,(@1)
The voltage slew rate determines the rate at which the voltage changes
to a new programmed setting. When set to MAXimum, INFinity, or to a
very large value, the slew rate will be limited by the analog
performance of the output circuit. The slowest or minimum slew rate
is model-dependent and is a function of the full scale range. For other
ranges the minimum slew rate is proportional to the full scale range.
The current slew rate control is only available on Agilent Models
N678xA SMU. It determines the rate at which the current changes to a
new programmed setting. When set to MAXimum, INFinity, or to a very
large value, the slew rate will be limited by the analog performance of
the output circuit. The slowest or minimum slew rate is modeldependent and is a function of the full scale range. For other ranges
the minimum slew rate is proportional to the full scale range.
Enable the Output
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the On/Off key.
To enable only output 1:
OUTP ON,(@1)
To enable/disable ALL outputs
using the On/Off key, select
System\Preferences\Keys.
Check On/Off affects all channels.
To enable outputs 1-4:
OUTP ON,(@1:4)
Because of internal circuit start-up procedures and any installed
relay options, output on may take between 35 and 50 milliseconds to
complete its function. Conversely, output off may take between 20
and 25 milliseconds to complete its function.
To mitigate these built-in delays, you can program the output to zero
volts rather than using the output on/off function.
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Operating the Power System 4
Sequence Multiple Outputs
Turn-on and turn-off delays control the power-up and power-down
sequencing of the output channels in relation to each other.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Press the Channel key to select an
output. Then select
Output\Sequence\Delay.
To program a 50 millisecond turn-on
delay for output 1 and a 100
millisecond turn-on delay for output 2:
OUTP:DEL:RISE .05,(@1)
OUTP:DEL:RISE .1,(@2)
Select either Turn-on or Turn-off.
Enter a delay in seconds, then
press Select.
Select System\Preferences\Keys.
Check On/Off affects all channels.
To program a 200 millisecond turn-off
delay for outputs 3 and 4:
OUTP:DEL:FALL .2,(@3,4)
Output turn-on characteristics vary across the power module types DC Power, Autoranging, Precision, and Source/Measure. When
output channels of the same module type are programmed off-to-on,
output sequencing is determined by the programmed turn-on delays.
When outputs of different module types are sequenced, there may be
additional offsets of a few milliseconds from one output to another
that must be accounted for. Specifying a common delay offset assures
that the programmed turn-on delays will be synchronized to start at
the completion of the common delay offset. Select the delay offset of
the slowest power module in the mainframe and use that as the
common delay offset. (See Appendix D for more information.)
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
In the front panel menu, select
To query the delay offset of the
slowest power module in the
mainframe (the maximum delay
offset) in seconds:
OUTP:COUP:MAX:DOFF?
Output\Sequence\Couple.
The Max delay offset for this frame
field displays the delay offset of the
slowest power module in the frame.
Enter this value into the Delay offset
field in milliseconds; then press
Select.
To specify the common delay offset
for the mainframe in seconds:
OUTP:COUP:DOFF .051
Program the Output Relays
Output relay availability and options are described in Chapter 1
under “Model Differences”. Option 761 provides double-pole, doublethrow relays that disconnect both the output and sense terminals.
Option 760 is the same as option 761 but adds output reversal relays.
Note that a small AC network is always present across the output
terminals.
If you have Option 761 installed, the normal operating mode of the
relay is to open and close as the output is turned on or off. The relays
are only opened or closed when the output is at a safe state (zero
voltage; zero current). Note however, that you can program the
output state on or off while leaving the relay state unchanged.
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Operating the Power System
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To leave the relays closed when output 1 is turned off:
OUTP OFF,NOR,(@1)
To leave the relays open when output 1 is turned on:
OUTP ON,NOR,(@1)
If you have Option 760 installed, you can also reverse the polarity of
the output and sense terminals. Note that this command briefly turns
the output off while the output and sense terminal polarities are
switched. Also note that if this option is installed in Model N6742B,
the maximum output current will be limited to 10A.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Output\Advanced\Pol.
Then check the Reverse box.
To switch the output and sense terminal
polarities of output 1:
OUTP:REL:POL REV,(@1)
Uncheck the Reverse box to
return the polarity to normal.
NOTE
To return the polarities back to normal:
OUTP:REL:POL NORM,(@1)
When the output polarity has been reversed, the voltage meter on the front
panel display will show a bar over the voltage reading: 10.001V
Set the Agilent N6781A Output Resistance
NOTE
This information applies to Agilent Model N6781A only.
Output resistance programming is primarily used in battery testing
applications, and only applies in Voltage priority mode. Values are
programmed in Ohms, from – 40 mΩ to + 1 Ω.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select
Output\Advanced\Resistance.
Enter a value and press Select.
To set the output resistance to 0.5 Ω:
OUTP:RES 0.5,(@1)
Set the Output Bandwidth
NOTE
This information applies to Agilent Models N678xA SMU only.
Agilent Models N678xA SMU have several voltage bandwidth modes
to allow you to optimize output response time with capacitive loads.
The Low bandwidth setting provides stability with a wide range of
output capacitors. Additional bandwidth modes provide faster output
response when the output capacitance is restricted to smaller values.
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Operating the Power System 4
If capacitive loads cause the output to oscillate on the default (Low
bandwidth) or any of the other bandwidth settings, a protection
function will detect the oscillation and latch the output off. The
condition is annunciated by the OSC status bit. At power-on the
oscillation protection function is enabled.
Select a bandwidth according to the following output capacitances
and lead lengths:
Setting
Output
Capacitance
Sensing
Maximum distance from
sense point to capacitor
ESR
@100 kHz
Low
0–150 μF
Local or remote
Full lead length (see chapter 2)
50 to 200 mΩ
High1
0–1 μF
Remote only
6 inches (155 mm)
50 to 200 mΩ
High2
1–7 μF
Remote only
6 inches (155 mm)
50 to 200 mΩ
High3
7–150 μF
Remote only
6 inches (155 mm)
50 to 200 mΩ
See Chapter 2 under “Agilent N678xA SMU Wiring Requirements” for
additional information on allowable load lead lengths.
NOTE
Connecting capacitive loads that fall outside the indicated ranges may result in
output instability or oscillation, and may cause the output to turn off, setting the
OSC status bit.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select
Output\Advanced\Bandwidth.
To select the bandwidth:
VOLT:BWID HIGH1,(@1)
Select a bandwidth from the
selections listed and press Select.
Set the Output Turn-Off Mode
NOTE
This information applies to Agilent Models N678xA SMU only.
This lets you specify high impedance or low impedance mode at
output turn-on and turn-off.
Low impedance - At turn-on the output relays are closed after which
the output is programmed to the set value. At turn-off the output is
first programmed to zero, after which the output relays are opened.
High impedance – At turn-on the output is programmed to the set
value after which the output relays are closed. At turn-off the output
relays are opened while the output remains at its set value. This
reduces current pulses that may be undesirable in some applications.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Output\Advanced\Tmode.
To set output 1 to a high impedance
mode:
OUTP:TMOD HIGHZ,(@1)
Select either High Impedance or
Low impedance and press Select.
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Operating the Power System
Synchronizing Output Steps
The transient system lets you step the output voltage and current up
or down in response to triggered events. To generate a triggered
output step you must:
1. Enable the output to respond to trigger commands.
2. Set the voltage or current trigger levels.
3. Select the transient trigger source.
4. Initiate the trigger system and provide a trigger signal.
Enable the Output to Respond to Trigger Commands
First, you must enable the output to respond to trigger commands.
Unless an output is enabled to respond to triggers, nothing will
happen even if you have programmed a trigger level and generated a
trigger for the output.
Use the following commands to enable an output to respond to
triggers:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\Mode.
To enable the voltage function on
output 1 to respond to triggers, use:
VOLT:MODE STEP,(@1)
To enable the current function on
output 1 to respond to triggers, use:
CURR:MODE STEP,(@1)
For voltage step triggering, set the
Voltage mode to Step. For current
step triggering, set the Current mode
to Step. Then press Select.
NOTE
In Step mode, the triggered value becomes the immediate value when the
trigger is received. In Fixed mode, trigger signals are ignored; the immediate
values remain in effect when a trigger is received.
Set the Voltage or Current Trigger Levels
Next, use the following commands to program an output trigger level.
The output will go to this level when the trigger is received.
If you have a model that has multiple ranges, the selected triggered
voltage and current settings must be within the same range that the
output channel is presently operating in.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\Step.
To set a voltage and current trigger
level for output 1 use:
VOLT:TRIG 15,(@1)
CURR:TRIG 1,(@1)
Select the Trig Voltage box to set
the voltage. Select the Trig Current
box to set the current. Enter a value
and press Select.
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Select the Transient Trigger Source
NOTE
An immediate trigger command either from the front panel or over the bus will
generate an immediate trigger regardless of the trigger source.
Unless you are using the front panel menu or a TRIGger:TRANsient
command to trigger the output, select a trigger source from the
following:
Bus
Selects GPIB device trigger, *TRG, or <GET> (Group Execute Trigger).
Pin<n>
Selects a pin on the external port connector as the trigger source.
<n> specifies the pin number. The selected pin must be configured as a
Trigger Input in order to be used as a trigger source (see Appendix B).
Transient<n>
Selects the output channel’s transient system as the trigger source.
<n> specifies the channel. When you select a channel, you must also set up
that channel’s transient system to generate a trigger out signal. Refer to
“Generate Trigger Out Signals”.
Ext
Selects any pin configured as a trigger input as the trigger source.
Use the following commands to select a trigger source:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
To select Bus triggers, select
Transient\TrigSource. Select Bus.
To select Bus triggers for output 1:
TRIG:TRAN:SOUR BUS,(@1)
To select Digital pin triggers, select
Transient\TrigSource. Then select
one of the digital port pins.
TRIG:TRAN:SOUR PIN<n>,(@1)
To select Transient output triggers,
select Transient\TrigSource. Then
select one of the output channels.
TRIG:TRAN:SOUR TRAN<n>,(@1)
To select Digital pin triggers:
where n is the pin number.
To select Transient output triggers:
where n is the output channel that
will generate the trigger signal.
Initiate the Transient Trigger System
Next, you must initiate or enable the transient trigger system.
When the power system is turned on, the trigger system is in the idle
state. In this state, the trigger system is disabled, ignoring all triggers.
Initiating the trigger system moves it from the idle state to the
initiated state, which enables the power system to receive triggers. To
initiate the trigger system, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select the Transient\Control.
To initiate the transient trigger
system:
INIT:TRAN (@1)
Scroll to Initiate and press Select.
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Operating the Power System
It takes a few milliseconds for the instrument to be ready to receive a
trigger signal after receiving the INITiate:TRANsient command.
If a trigger occurs before the trigger system is ready for it, the trigger
will be ignored. You can test the WTG_tran bit in the operation status
register to know when the instrument is ready to receive a trigger
after being initiated.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To query the WTG_tran bit (bit 4):
STAT:OPER:COND?(@1)
If a bit value of 16 is returned in the query, the WTG_tran bit is true,
and the instrument is ready to receive the trigger signal. Refer to the
N6700 Programmer’s Reference Help file for more information.
NOTE
Unless INITiate:TRANsient;CONTinuous is programmed, it will be necessary to
initiate the transient trigger system each time a triggered action is desired.
Trigger the Output
The trigger system is waiting for a trigger signal in the initiated state.
You can immediately trigger the output as follows:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\Control.
To generate an immediate trigger on
channel 1:
TRIG:TRAN (@1)
Select Trigger to generate an
immediate trigger signal regardless
of the trigger source setting.
Alternatively, if the trigger source is
BUS, you can also program a *TRG or
an IEEE-488 <get> command
As previously discussed, a trigger can also be generated by another
output channel or by a trigger signal applied to an input pin on the
digital port connector. If any of these systems are configured as the
trigger source, the instrument will wait indefinitely for the trigger
signal. If the trigger does not occur, you must manually return the
trigger system to the idle state.
The following commands return the trigger system to the idle state:
Front Panel:
Select Transient\Control.
Scroll to and select Abort.
SCPI Command:
ABOR:TRAN (@1)
When a trigger is received, the triggered functions are set to their
programmed trigger levels. When the triggered actions are completed,
the trigger system returns to the idle state.
70
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
You can test the TRAN_active bit in the operation status register to
know when the transient trigger system has returned to the idle
state.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To query the TRAN_active bit (bit 6):
STAT:OPER:COND?(@1)
If a bit value of 64 is returned in the query, the TRAN_active bit is
true, and the transient action is NOT complete. When the
TRAN_active bit is false, the transient action is complete. Refer to the
N6700 Programmer’s Reference Help file for more information.
Generate Trigger Out Signals
Each output channel can generate trigger signals that can be used by
other output channels, or routed to a pin on the digital port that has
been configured as a trigger output (TOUT). Use the following
commands to program transient trigger signals that are generated
when an output Step occurs:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Use the Channel key to select the
channel that is the trigger source.
Select Transient\Step.
To program channel 3’s step function
to generate a trigger signal, use
STEP:TOUT ON,(@3)
Check Enable Trigger Output. Then
press Select.
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4
Operating the Power System
Programming Output Lists
NOTE
The Output List function described in this section is not available on all models.
Refer to the Test Extensions feature under “Model Differences” in chapter 1,
The List Function
Either output voltage or output current or both, may be listcontrolled. For Agilent Models N678xA SMU, only the parameters
associated with one of the priority modes (either voltage priority or
current priority) may be list controlled. List mode lets you generate
complex sequences of output changes with rapid, precise timing,
which may be synchronized with internal or external signals. Lists
can contain up to 512 individually programmed steps, and can be
programmed to repeat themselves.
The voltage and current lists are paced by a separate list that defines
the duration or dwell of each step. Each of the up to 512 steps can
have an individual dwell time associated with it, which specifies the
time in seconds that the list will remain at that step before moving on
to the next step. Dwell times can be programmed from 0 to 262.144
seconds. The default dwell time is 0.001 seconds.
If you need an output list to closely follow external events, then a
trigger-paced list is more appropriate. In a trigger-paced list, the list
advances one step for each trigger received. As previously discussed,
a number of trigger sources can be selected to generate triggers. With
a trigger-paced list, you do not need to program a dwell time for each
step. If you do program a dwell time, triggers that are received during
the dwell period are ignored.
Voltage and current lists can also be configured to generate trigger
signals at specified steps. This is accomplished by two additional
lists: a beginning-of-step (BOST) and an end-of-step (EOST) list.
These lists define which steps will generate a trigger signal and if the
trigger occurs at the beginning or end of the step. These trigger
signals can be used to synchronize other events with the list.
When either a voltage or current list is programmed, the associated
dwell, BOST, and EOST lists must all be set to the same number of
steps, otherwise an error will occur when the list is run. For
convenience, a list may be programmed with only one step or value.
In this case, a single-step list is treated as if it had the same number
of steps as the other lists, with all values being equal to the one value.
NOTE
72
List data is not stored in non-volatile memory. This means that list data that is
sent to the instrument either from the front panel or over the bus will be lost
when the power system is turned off. However, list data can be saved as part of
a saved instrument state. Refer to “Instrument State Storage” later in this
chapter.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Program an Output Pulse or Pulse Train
The following procedure shows how to generate an output pulse train
using the List function.
Trigger
0
Pulse width
1
Off
time
List Count = 1+additional pulses
Step 1. Set the voltage or current function for which you want to generate a
pulse to List mode. This example programs a voltage pulse.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\Mode. Set the
voltage mode to List. Press Select.
To program output 1, use
VOLT:MODE LIST, (@1)
Step 2. Set the amplitude and width of the pulse. For example, to generate a
pulse with an amplitude of 15 V and a pulse width of 1 second, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Config.
To program output 1, use
LIST:VOLT 15, (@1)
LIST:DWEL 1, (@1)
Select List Step 0 and enter a
voltage value of 15. Press Select.
Enter a dwell value of 1 for List
Step 0 and Press Select.
Step 3. Set the list pacing to Auto, so that as each dwell time elapses, the
next step is immediately output.
Front Panel:
Select Transient\List\Pace.
SCPI Command:
LIST:STEP AUTO, (@1)
Select Dwell and press Select.
If you only wish to program a single pulse, skip steps 4 and 5 and
go to step 6.
Step 4. If you want to generate a pulse train, you must specify the off time
between pulses. To do this you must program another step. For a
voltage list, you must specify an amplitude and an off time. For
example, to program an off time of 2 seconds with an amplitude of 0
V between pulses, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Config.
To program output 1, use
LIST:VOLT 15,0, (@1)
LIST:DWEL 1,2, (@1)
Select List Step 1 and enter a
voltage value of 0. Press Select.
Enter a dwell value of 2 for List
Step 1 and Press Select.
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4
Operating the Power System
Step 5. To generate a pulse train, you can simply repeat the pulse as needed.
For example, to program a pulse train of 50 pulses, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Repeat.
To program output 1, use
LIST:COUN 50, (@1)
Enter the number of list repetitions
(50) and Press Select.
Step 6. Specify if you want the output pulse to generate a trigger signal that
can be used to trigger actions on other output channels or on any
external equipment connected to the digital port. For example, to
generate a trigger signal at the end of the pulse, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Config.
To program a trigger at the End of the
pulse for output 1, use
LIST:TOUT:EOST 1,0, (@1)
Select List Step 0 and check the
Tout Step box. Press Select.
You must program a value of 0 (no
trigger) for step 1 as a placeholder.
Step 7. Specify the output state after the pulse has completed. For example,
to return the output to the state it was in before the pulse, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Terminate.
To program output 1, use
LIST:TERM:LAST 0, (@1)
Select Return to Start. Press Select.
Step 8. Select the trigger source that will generate the pulse or pulse train.
For example, to select Bus triggers as the trigger source, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\TrigSource.
To program output 1, use:
TRIG:TRAN:SOUR BUS, (@1)
Select Bus and press Select.
Step 9. Initiate the transient trigger system. To enable the trigger system for
one transient event or trigger use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select the Transient\Control.
Select Initiate and Press Select.
To program output 1, use
INIT:TRAN (@1)
Step 10. Trigger the output pulse or pulse train.
Front Panel:
Select Transient\Control.
Select Trigger and Press Select.
74
SCPI Command:
*TRG
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Program an Arbitrary List
The following procedure shows how to generate the list of voltage
changes as illustrated in the following figure.
Trigger
0
1
2
3
4
5
List Count = 1
List Count = 2
Step 1. Set the function, voltage or current, for which you want to generate a
list to List mode. This example programs a voltage list.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\Mode. Set the
Voltage mode to List. Press Select.
To program output 1, use
VOLT:MODE LIST, (@1)
Step 2. Program the list of values for the List function. The order in which
the values are entered determines the order in which the values will
be output. To generate the voltage list shown in the figure, a list may
include the following values: 9, 0, 6, 0, 3, 0
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Config.
To program output 1, use
Select the List Step number and
enter a voltage value. Press Select.
LIST:VOLT 9,0,6,0,3,0, (@1)
Repeat this for each step. Use the
  keys to select the next step.
Step 3. Determine the time interval, in seconds, that the output remains at
each step in the list before it advances to the next step. To specify the
six dwell intervals in the figure, a list may include the following
values: 2, 3, 5, 3, 7, 3
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Config.
To program output 1, use
Select the List Step number and
enter a dwell value. Press Select.
LIST:DWEL 2,3,5,3,7,3, (@1)
Repeat this for each step. Use the
  keys to select the next step.
NOTE
The number of dwell steps must equal the number of voltage steps. If a dwell
list has only one value, that value will be applied to all steps in the list.
Step 4. Determine how the list is paced. To pace the list by dwell time, set
the list pacing to Dwell-paced on the front panel menu. (Set the
LIST:STEP command to AUTO.) As each dwell time elapses, the next
step is immediately output.
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4
Operating the Power System
Front Panel:
Select Transient\List\Pace.
SCPI Command:
LIST:STEP AUTO, (@1)
Select Dwell-paced. Press Select.
In a trigger-paced list, the list advances one step for each trigger
received. To enable trigger-paced lists, select Trigger-paced on the
front panel menu. (Set the LIST:STEP command to ONCE.)
The dwell time associated with each step determines the minimum
time that the output remains at the step. If a trigger is received before
the dwell time completes, the trigger is ignored. To ensure that no
triggers are lost in a trigger-paced list, set the dwell time to zero.
Step 5. Specify if you want the list to generate trigger signals that can be
used to trigger actions on other output channels or on external
equipment connected to the digital port.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Config.
To program a trigger at the beginning
of step 4 for output 1, use
Select the List Step number.
To generate a trigger, enter a 1 in
the Tout Begin Step or Tout End
Step field. If a zero is entered, no
trigger is generated for the step.
Repeat this for each step. Use the
  keys to select the next step.
0
1
2
3
4
5
Trigger at BOST
LIST:TOUT:BOST 0,0,0,0,1,0,
@(1)
To program a trigger at the end of
step 0, 2, and 4 for output 1, use
LIST:TOUT:EOST 1,0,1,0,1,0,
(@1)
0
1
2
3
4
5
Trigger at EOST
Step 6. Specify how you want the list to terminate. For example, if you want
the list to remain at the values of the last list step when finished, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Transient\List\Terminate.
To program output 1, use
LIST:TERM:LAST 1, (@1)
Select Stop Last Step. Press Select.
Step 7. If applicable, specify how many times you want the list to repeat.
Sending the INFinity parameter in the SCPI command makes the list
repeat indefinitely. At reset, the list count is set to 1.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select the Transient\List\Repeat.
To program the output 1 list to repeat
2 times, use
LIST:COUN 2, (@1)
Enter the number of list repetitions
(2) and Press Select.
Step 8. Select a trigger source, initiate, and trigger the list. This is described
in detail under "Synchronizing Output Steps".
76
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Making Measurements
Each output channel has its own measurement capability. The output
voltage and current is measured by acquiring a number of samples at
the selected time interval, applying a window function to the
samples, and averaging the samples.
The power-on time interval is 20.48 microseconds. The output
window function is Rectangular.
Use the following commands to make a simple measurement:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select the Meter key.
To measure average voltage or current:
MEAS:VOLT?(@1)
MEAS:CURR?(@1)
Measurement Ranges
Some models have multiple voltage and current measurement ranges.
(Refer to Chapter 1, “Model Differences”). Selecting a lower
measurement range provides greater measurement accuracy,
provided the measurement does not exceed the range.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Measure\Range.
To set the 5 V measurement range:
SENS:VOLT:RANG 5, (@1)
To set the 1 A measurement range:
SENS:CURR:RANG 1, (@1)
Select the lower measurement
range from the voltage or current
dropdown menu. Then press Select.
The maximum measurable current is the maximum rating of the
range. If the measurement exceeds the range, an “Overload” error
will occur. Examples of programming measurement ranges are:
3.06 A range
To select, program values > 0.1 A and ≤ 3.06 A.
0.10 A range
To select, program values > 200 µA and ≤ 0.1 A.
200 μA range (option 2UA)
To select, program values ≤ 200 µA.
Seamless Measurements
Seamless voltage and current measurement autoranging is available
on Agilent Models N6781A and N6782A. This enables a wide dynamic
measurement range with no data lost across ranges. Autoranging
does not include the 10 μA range, which must be selected manually.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To enable seamless voltage or current
autoranging on channel 1:
SENS:VOLT:RANG:AUTO ON, (@1)
SENS:CURR:RANG:AUTO ON, (@1)
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4
Operating the Power System
Simultaneous Voltage and Current Measurements
Some models have simultaneous voltage and current measurement
capability (Refer to Chapter 1, “Model Differences”). In this case
BOTH voltage and current can be acquired on any measurement.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not available.
Select the measurement function:
SENS:FUNC:VOLT ON,(@1)
SENS:FUNC:CURR ON,(@1)
Initiate and trigger the measurement system:
INIT:ACQ (@1)
TRIG:ACQ (@1)
Fetch the voltage and current measurement:
FETC:VOLT? (@1)
FETC:CURR? (@1)
Agilent N6781A Auxiliary Voltage Measurements
The Agilent N6781A has an auxiliary voltage measurement input,
whose primary use is for battery voltage rundown measurements. It
may also be suitable for other applications including general purpose
DC voltage measurements between +/-20 VDC. The auxiliary voltage
measurement input is isolated from other commons. It has a
bandwidth of about 2 kHz. It has one input range: −20 to +20 VDC.
Auxiliary voltage measurements cannot be made along with output
voltage measurements. When the auxiliary voltage measurement
input is selected, the voltage measurement input will be switched to
the Aux Voltage inputs on the Agilent N6781A instead of the normal
+ and − sense terminals.
To enable auxiliary voltage measurements:
NOTE
78
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Measure\Input.
Select Auxiliary and press Select.
Select Main to reconnect the
voltage measurement input to
the output terminals.
To enable auxiliary measurements:
SENS:FUNC:VOLT:INP AUX,(@1)
Take the auxiliary voltage measurement:
MEAS:VOLT? (@1)
When the auxiliary voltage measurement terminals are left unconnected, the
front panel meter will indicate a voltage reading of approximately 1.6V. This is a
normal indication which does not affect the voltage measurement once the
auxiliary measurement terminals are connected.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Using the Digitizer
NOTE
The Digitizer functions described in this section are not available on all models.
Refer to the Test Extensions feature under “Model Differences” in chapter 1.
The digitizer function lets you access the enhanced voltage and
current measurement capabilities of the power system. You can:
NOTE

Specify a measurement function and range.

Adjust the measurement sample rate.

Select a measurement window that can attenuate AC noise.

Retrieve arrays of the digitized current or voltage measurement.

Synchronize measurements using trigger signals.
When a remote interface measurement is in progress, the front panel display
may indicate “-- -- -- -- --“. Front panel measurements resume when the remote
measurement completes.
Programming the Digitizer
Select the Measurement Function and Range
The following commands select a measurement function. To enable
the measurement function, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To enable voltage measurements:
SENS:FUNC:VOLT ON, (@1)
To enable current measurements:
SENS:FUNC:CURR ON, (@2)
If a power module has simultaneous measurements (see chapter 1,
“Model Differences”), you can enable BOTH voltage and current
measurements on the same output channel.
Some power modules also have multiple measurement ranges.
Selecting a lower measurement range provides greater measurement
accuracy, provided that the measurement does not exceed the range.
To select lower measurement ranges, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Measure\Range.
To set the 5 V measurement range:
SENS:VOLT:RANG 5, (@1)
To set the 1 A measurement range:
SENS:CURR:RANG 1, (@1)
Select the lower measurement
range from the voltage or current
dropdown menu. Then press Select.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
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4
Operating the Power System
Seamless Measurements
Seamless voltage and current measurement autoranging is available
on Agilent Models N6781A and N6782A. This enables a wide dynamic
measurement range with no data lost across ranges. Autoranging
does not include the 10 μA range, which must be selected manually.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To enable seamless voltage or current
autoranging on channel 1:
SENS:VOLT:RANG:AUTO ON, (@1)
SENS:CURR:RANG:AUTO ON, (@1)
Adjust the Measurement Sample Rate
The following figure illustrates the relationship between
measurement samples (or points), and the time interval between
samples in a typical measurement.
MEASUREMENT
SAMPLE (POINT)
TRIGGER
OCCURS
TIME INTERVAL BETWEEN SAMPLES
ACQUISITION TIME
(TIME INTERVAL X #SAMPLES - 1)
You can vary the measurement data sampling rate as follows:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Measure\Sweep.
To set the time interval to 60µs* with
4096 samples, use:
SENS:SWE:TINT 60E-6, (@1)
SENS:SWE:POIN 4096, (@1)
Enter the number of points and
press Select. Scroll to Time Interval,
enter a value and press Select.
The maximum number of sample points that are available for all
measurements is 512 K points (K = 1024). If you specify a voltage
measurement with 500 K points on channel 1 for example, you will
only have 12 K points available for all other measurements.
Time interval values can range from 5.12 microseconds (for one
parameter on Models N678xA SMU) to 40,000 seconds. Note that the
shortest time interval (fastest speed) that can be specified depends
on the number of parameters that are being measured, the model that
is doing the measuring, and the time interval resolution.
5.12 microseconds:
10.24 microseconds:
20.48 microseconds:
20.48 microseconds:
80
1 parameter (models N678xA SMU only)
1 or 2 parameters (all models)
3 or 4 parameters (all models, with 20 µs resolution)
Up to 8 parameters (all models, with 40 µs resolution)
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Time interval values from 10.24 up to 20.48 microseconds are
rounded to the nearest 10.24-microsecond increment. Values above
20.48 microseconds are rounded to the nearest 20.48-microsecond
increment when the resolution is set to RES20. Values above 20.48
microseconds are rounded to the nearest 40.96-microsecond
increment when the resolution is set to RES40.
You can change the time interval resolution as follows:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To set the resolution to 20 microseconds:
SENS:SWE:TINT:RES RES20, (@1)
To set the resolution to 40 microseconds:
SENS:SWE:TINT:RES RES40, (@1)
Specify a Window Function
Windowing is a signal conditioning process that reduces the error in
average measurements made in the presence of periodic signals and
noise. Two window functions are available: Rectangular and
Hanning. At power-on, the measurement window is Rectangular.
The Rectangular window calculates average measurements without
any signal conditioning. However, in the presence of periodic signals
such AC line ripple, a Rectangular window can introduce errors
when calculating average measurements. This can occur when a nonintegral number of cycles of data has been acquired due to the last
partial cycle of acquired data.
One way of dealing with AC line ripple is to use a Hanning window.
The Hanning window applies a cos4 weighting function to the data
when calculating average measurements. This attenuates the AC
noise in the measurement window. The best attenuation is achieved
when at least three or more waveform cycles are in the measurement.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Measure\Window.
To set the sense window to Hanning
for output 1 use:
SENS:WIND HANN, (@1)
Then select either Rectangular or
Hanning and press Select.
Send the Measurement Command
The following commands trigger and return measurement data.:
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select the Meter key. Front panel
meters can only measure average
voltage and current.
To measure average voltage & current:
MEAS:VOLT?(@1)
MEAS:CURR?(@1)
To measure RMS voltage & current:
MEAS:VOLT:ACDC?(@1)
MEAS:CURR:ACDC?(@1)
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4
Operating the Power System
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To measure the high level of a pulse:
MEAS:VOLT:HIGH?(@1)
MEAS:CURR:HIGH?(@1)
To measure the low level of a pulse:
MEAS:VOLT:LOW?(@1)
MEAS:CURR:LOW?(@1)
To measure the maximum value:
MEAS:VOLT:MAX?(@1
MEAS:CURR:MAX?(@1)
To measure the minimum value:
MEAS:VOLT:MIN?(@1)
MEAS:CURR:MIN?(@1)
To measure power:
MEAS:POW?(@1)
Power can only be measured on power modules with simultaneous
measurement capability (see chapter 1, “Model Differences”)
Array queries return all values in the voltage and current
measurement buffer. No averaging is applied, only raw data is
returned from the buffer.
Front Panel:
Not Available
SCPI Command:
MEAS:ARR:VOLT?(@1)
MEAS:ARR:POW?(@1)
MEAS:ARR:CURR?(@1)
Retrieve array data
Once a measurement finishes, you may wish to retrieve the array
data without initiating a new measurement. Use FETCh queries to
return the array data from the last measurement. Fetch queries do
not alter the data in the measurement buffer. The commands are:
Front Panel:
Not Available
SCPI Command:
FETC:ARR:VOLT?(@1)
FETC:ARR:POW?(@1)
FETC:ARR:CURR?(@1)
Power can only be measured on power modules with simultaneous
measurement capability (see chapter 1, “Model Differences”)
If a FETCh query is sent before the measurement is started or before
it is finished, the response will be delayed until the measurement
trigger occurs and the acquisition completes. This may tie up the
computer if the measurement trigger does not occur immediately.
You can test the MEAS_active bit in the operation status register to
know when the measurement has completed as explained in the
following section.
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Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Synchronizing Digitizer Measurements
Use the measurement trigger system to synchronize the acquisition of
measurements with a Bus, Transient, or an external trigger. Then
use FETCh commands to return voltage or current information from
the acquired data. Briefly, to make a triggered measurement:

Select the measurement function to trigger.

Adjust the measurement to capture pre-trigger data.

Select the trigger source.

Initiate the trigger system and generate a trigger.

Fetch the triggered measurements.
Select the Measurement Function to Trigger
The following commands select a measurement function.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To select the voltage measurement function:
SENS:FUNC:VOLT ON,(@1)
To select the current measurement function:
SENS:FUNC:CURR ON,(@1)
Some power modules have two measurement converters, which allow
simultaneous voltage and current measurements (Refer to Chapter 1,
“Model Differences”). In that case, BOTH voltage and current
measurements can be enabled. If a power module has only one
converter, the parameter that it measures (either voltage or current)
must be specified.
Capture Pre-trigger Data
The measurement system lets you capture data before, after, or at the
trigger signal. As shown in the following figure, you can move the
block of data being read into the acquisition buffer with reference to
the trigger. This allows pre- or post-trigger data sampling.
524,288 DATA POINTS
OFFSET = -524,287
524,288 DATA POINTS
OFFSET = -262,144
524,288 DATA POINTS
OFFSET = 0
OFFSET = 0 to 2E9
524,288 DATA POINTS
TIME
TRIGGER
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Operating the Power System
To offset the beginning of the acquisition buffer relative to the
acquisition trigger, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Measure\Sweep.
To offset the measurement on
channel 1 by 100 points use:
Enter an offset value and press
Select.
SENS:SWE:OFFS:POIN 100,(@1)
When the value is 0, all values are taken after the trigger. Values
greater than 0 can be used to program a delay time from the receipt
of the trigger until the values entered into the buffer are valid. (Delay
time = offset x sample period). Negative values let you acquire
samples prior to the trigger.
NOTE
If, during a pre-trigger data acquisition, a trigger occurs before the pre-trigger
data count is completed, the measurement system ignores this trigger. This will
prevent the completion of the measurement if another trigger is not generated.
Select the Measurement Trigger Source
NOTE
An immediate trigger command over the bus will generate an immediate trigger
regardless of the trigger source.
Unless you are using a TRIGger:ACQuire command to trigger the
measurement, select a trigger source from the following:
Bus
Selects GPIB device trigger, *TRG, or <GET> (Group Execute Trigger).
External
Selects any pin configured as a trigger input as the trigger source.
Pin<n>
Selects a pin on the external port connector as the trigger source.
<n> specifies the pin number. The selected pin must be configured as a Trigger
Input in order to be used as a trigger source (see Appendix B).
Transient<n>
Selects the output channel’s transient system as the trigger source.
<n> specifies the channel. When you select a channel, you must also set up
that channel’s transient system to generate a trigger out signal. See “Generate
Trigger Out Signals” and “Program an Arbitrary List” earlier in this chapter.
Use the following commands to select a trigger source:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To select Bus triggers for output 1:
TRIG:ACQ:SOUR BUS,(@1)
To select a Digital pin as the trigger:
TRIG:ACQ:SOUR PIN<n>,(@1)
To select a Transient output as trigger:
TRIG:ACQ:SOUR TRAN<n>,(@1)
where n is the output channel that will
generate the trigger signal.
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Operating the Power System 4
Initiate the Measurement Trigger System
Next, you must initiate or enable the measurement trigger system.
When the power system is turned on, the trigger system is in the idle
state. In this state, the trigger system is disabled, ignoring all triggers.
The INITiate commands enable the trigger system to receive triggers.
To initiate the trigger system, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To initiate the measurement trigger system:
INIT:ACQ (@1)
It takes a few milliseconds for the instrument to be ready to receive a
trigger signal after receiving the INITiate:ACQuire command, and it
can take longer for Agilent Models N678xA SMU.
If a trigger occurs before the trigger system is ready for it, the trigger
will be ignored. You can test the WTG_meas bit in the operation
status register to know when the instrument is ready to receive a
trigger after being initiated.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To query the WTG_meas bit (bit 3):
STAT:OPER:COND?(@1)
If a bit value of 8 is returned in the query, the WTG_meas bit is true,
and the instrument is ready to receive the trigger signal. Refer to the
N6700 Programmer’s Reference Help file for more information.
NOTE
It will be necessary to initiate the measurement trigger system each time a
triggered measurement is desired.
Trigger the Measurement
The trigger system is waiting for a trigger signal in the initiated state.
You can immediately trigger the measurement as follows:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To generate a measurement trigger:
TRIG:ACQ (@1)
Alternatively, if the trigger source is BUS,
you can also program a *TRG or an IEEE-488
<get> command.
As previously discussed, a trigger can also be generated by another
output channel or an input pin on the digital port connector. If any of
these systems are configured as the trigger source, the instrument
will wait indefinitely for the trigger signal. If the trigger does not
occur, you must manually return the trigger system to the idle state.
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Operating the Power System
The following commands return the trigger system to the idle state:
Front Panel:
Select Measure\Control.
SCPI Command:
ABOR:ACQ (@1)
Then select the Abort control.
Fetch the Measurement
After a trigger is received and the data acquisition completes, the
trigger system will return to the idle state. When this occurs, you can
use FETCh queries to return the measurement data.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To return average voltage & current:
FETC:VOLT?(@1)
FETC:CURR?(@1)
To return RMS voltage & current:
FETC:VOLT:ACDC?(@1)
FETC:CURR:ACDC?(@1)
To return the high level of a pulse:
FETC:VOLT:HIGH?(@1)
FETC:CURR:HIGH?(@1)
To return the low level of a pulse:
FETC:VOLT:LOW?(@1)
FETC:CURR:LOW?(@1)
To return the maximum value:
FETC:VOLT:MAX?(@1
FETC:CURR:MAX?(@1)
To return the minimum value:
FETC:VOLT:MIN?(@1)
FETC:CURR:MIN?(@1)
To return power:
FETC:POW?(@1)
Power can only be measured on power modules with simultaneous
measurement capability (see chapter 1, “Model Differences”)
If a FETCh query is sent before the measurement is finished, the
response will be delayed until the measurement trigger occurs and
the acquisition completes. You can test the MEAS_active bit in the
operation status register to know when the measurement trigger
system has returned to the idle state.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To query the MEAS_active bit (bit 5):
STAT:OPER:COND?(@1)
If a bit value of 32 is returned in the query, the MEAS_active bit is
true, and the measurement is NOT complete. When the MEAS_active
bit is false, you can retrieve the measurement. Refer to the N6700
Programmer’s Reference Help file for more information.
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Operating the Power System 4
Using the Protection Functions
Each output has independent protection functions. A front panel
status indicator will turn on when a protection function has been set.
Protection functions are latching, which means that they must be
cleared once they have been set. As explained under “Couple Output
Protection” you can configure the instrument so that when a
protection fault occurs on one output, ALL outputs will be turned off.
Of the following protection functions, only OV, OV-, OC, OSC, PROT,
and INH are user- programmable.
OV
Over-voltage protection is a hardware OVP whose trip level is a programmable value.
The OVP is always enabled.
OV−
Negative voltage protection is a hardware OVP. Only applies to Agilent N678xA SMU
and N6783A.
OC
Over-current protection is a programmable function that can be enabled or disabled.
When enabled, the output will be disabled when the output current teaches the current
limit setting.
OT
Over-temperature protection monitors the temperature of each output and shuts down
the output if any temperature exceeds the maximum factory-defined limits.
OSC
Oscillation protection shuts down the output if an oscillation is detected on the output.
Only applies to Agilent N678xA SMU.
PF
PF indicates that a power fail condition on the AC mains has disabled the output.
CP+
CP+ indicates that a positive power limit condition has disabled the output. This
protection function does not apply to all power modules. Refer to Appendix C for
further information.
CP−
CP− indicates that a negative power limit condition has disabled the output. This
protection function does not apply to all power modules. Refer to Appendix C for
further information.
PROT
Prot indicates that the output is disabled, either because of a coupled protection signal
from another output, or because the programmed output watchdog time has expired.
INH
The Inhibit input (pin 3) on the rear panel digital connector can be programmed to act
as an external shutdown signal. Refer to Appendix B for further information.
Set the Over-Voltage Protection
The over-voltage protection function turns off the affected output if
the output voltage reaches the programmed over-voltage limit. The
OVP circuit monitors the voltage at the + and – output terminals.
However, on Agilent Models N678xA SMU and units with Option J01,
the voltage is monitored at the + and – sense terminals. This allows
for more precise over-voltage monitoring directly at the load.
Units with Option J01 have tracking OVP in addition to the standard
overvoltage protection. It lets you set an overvoltage protection limit
that is offset from the programmed voltage. The tracking OVP
threshold automatically tracks the real time programmed settings.
Option J01 is only available on models N6752A, N6754A and N6762A.
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Operating the Power System
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Protect\OVP.
To set an OVP of 10 V for output 1:
VOLT:PROT 10,(@1,2)
For Models N678xA SMU:
VOLT:PROT:REM 10,(@1,2)
Enter a value in the OVP level box
and press Select.
For J01 units, enter a value in the
Tracking OVP Offset box and check
the Enable box. Then press Select.
To enable tracking OVP for output 1:
VOLT:PROT:TRAC ON,(@1)
To set the tracking offset for output 1:
VOLT:PROT:TRAC:OFFS 2,(@1)
Agilent Models N678xA SMU also have a back-up local OVP function.
Refer to “Over-voltage Protection” in chapter 2 for a description of
the feature. Additionally, for Agilent Model N6784A, you can program
a negative over-voltage value. Enter the value in the -OVP field.
Set the Over-Current Protection
When over-current protection is enabled, the power system turns off
the output if the output current reaches the current limit setting and
transitions from CV to CC mode.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Protect\OCP.
To enable OCP for outputs 1 and 2:
CURR:PROT:STAT 1,(@1,2)
Check Enable OCP and press Select.
You can also specify an OCP delay to prevent momentary CV-to-CC
status changes from tripping the over-current protection. The power
system may momentarily transition into CC mode when it is turned
on, when an output value is programmed, or when the output load is
connected. In most cases these temporary conditions would not be
considered an over-current protection fault, and having an OCP
condition disable the output when the CC status bit is set would be a
nuisance. Specifying an OCP delay lets the OCP circuit ignore the CC
status bit during the specified delay period. Once the OCP delay time
has expired and if the CC mode persists, the output will shut down.
The delay can be programmed from 0 to 0.255 seconds. You can
specify if the OCP delay timer is started by any transition of the
output into CC mode, or only at the end of a settings change in
voltage, current, or output state.
88
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Protect\OCP.
Enter a delay value and press Select.
To specify a 10 millisecond delay:
OUTP:PROT:DEL 0.01,(@1)
Check "Start delay on CC" to start the
delay timer by ANY output transition
into CC mode. Otherwise, the delay
timer will only be started by a settings
change in voltage, current, or output
state.
To start the delay timer by ANY output
transition into CC mode:
CURR:PROT:DEL:STAR CCTR, (@1)
To start the delay timer by a settings
change in voltage current or output:
CURR:PROT:DEL:STAR SCH, (@1)
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Factors that influence how long the settings change or output load
change may last include: difference between old output value and
new output value, the current limit setting, and the load capacitance
in CV mode or load inductance in CC mode. The delay required must
be determined empirically; the power module programming-response
time characteristics may be used as guidelines.
Note that the time it takes the output to go into CC mode varies depending on the magnitude of the over-current condition compared
to the current limit setting. For example, if the over-current is only
slightly greater than the current limit setting, it may take several tens
of milliseconds, depending on the power module type, for the output
to set the CC status bit. If the over-current is significantly greater
than the current limit setting, it may only take a few milliseconds or
less, depending on power module type, for the output to set the CC
status bit. To determine when the output will shut down, you must
add the time it takes for the CC status bit to the over-current
protection delay time. If the over-current persists beyond the sum of
these two time intervals, the output will shut down.
Couple Output Protection
Protection coupling lets you disable all output channels when a
protection condition occurs on a single output channel. To couple
output protection:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Protect\Couple.
To enable output protection coupling:
OUTP:PROT:COUP ON
Check the Enable Coupling box and
press Select.
Output Watchdog Timer
The output watchdog timer causes all outputs to go into protection
mode if there is no SCPI I/O activity on the remote interfaces (USB,
LAN, GPIB) within the user-specified time period. Note that the
watchdog timer function is NOT reset by activity on the front panel
or when using the Web server – the outputs will still shut down after
the time period has elapsed..
After the time period has expired, the outputs will be disabled, but
the programmed output state is not changed. The PROT bit in the
status questionable register as well as the PROT indicator on the
front panel will be set.
The watchdog delay can be programmed from 1 to 3600 seconds in 1
second increments. As shipped from the factory, the watchdog timer
is set to disable the outputs 60 seconds after all IO activity has
ceased.
The watchdog state and delay settings are volatile, but can be saved
and recalled as part of the instrument state. A watchdog protect can
be cleared as described under “Clear Output Protection Functions”.
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Operating the Power System
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Protect\Wdog
To enable the output watchdog timer:
OUTP:PROT:WDOG ON
Check Enable Watchdog to enable
the watchdog timer.
Enter a value in the Watchdog
Delay box and press Select.
To set the output watchdog timer to 600
seconds:
OUTP:PROT:WDOG:DEL 600
Set the Oscillation Protection
NOTE
This information applies to Agilent Models N678xA SMU only.
If open sense leads or capacitive loads outside the allowable range
cause the output to oscillate, the oscillation protection function
detects the oscillation and latches the output off. The condition is
annunciated on the front panel by the OSC status annunciator.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Protect\OSC.
To enable oscillation protection for
output 1:
VOLT:PROT:OSC ON,(@1,2)
Check the OSC box and press
Select.
Clear Output Protection Functions
If an over-voltage, over-current, over-temperature, power-fail
condition, power-limit condition, protection condition, or inhibit
signal occurs, the power system turns off the affected output channel.
The appropriate operating status indicator on the front panel will be
on. To clear the protection function and restore normal operation,
first remove that condition that caused the protection fault. Then,
clear the protection function as follows:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Protect\Clear.
To clear a protection fault on output 1:
OUTP:PROT:CLE(@1)
Select the Clear button.
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Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
External Data Logging
NOTE
The external data log function is only available on mainframes with firmware
revision D.01.09 and up. It cannot be programmed from the front panel.
The power system has an external data logger (ELOG) function that
lets you log voltage and current measurements from all four outputs
directly to an internal FIFO (first-in, first-out) buffer. Note that this
buffer is only large enough to hold about 20 seconds of accumulated
measurements. The following table lists this, along with some other
restrictions that apply to the external data logger.
Function
External Data Logger
Data viewing
No front panel view or front panel control. Data must be exported to a
spreadsheet.
Data storage
Buffers measurements for about 20 seconds and requires that the computer
periodically reads measurements to prevent the internal buffer from
overflowing. The computer needs to provide the data storage function.
Measurement
resources
Run independently on each output. Some outputs can be running an external
data log, while the remaining outputs can be used in front panel control or
used for other SCPI functions.
Measurement
functions
If a power module has only one measurement converter, then either voltage
or current, but not both, can be logged.
Logging rate
Up to 102.4 microseconds for one parameter with data format set to real.
Briefly, to make external data log measurements:

Select the measurement functions and ranges.

Specify the measurement integration period.

Select the trigger source.

Trigger the data logger.

Retrieve the data log measurement.
The external data logger function cannot be programmed from the
front panel.
Select the Measurement Functions and Ranges
The following commands select a measurement function:
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To enable voltage or current measurements:
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:VOLT ON,(@1)
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:CURR ON,(@1)
To enable min/max measurements:
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:VOLT:MINM ON,(@1)
SENS:ELOG:FUNC:CURR:MINM ON,(@1)
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Operating the Power System
If a power module has simultaneous measurements (see chapter 1,
“Model Differences”), you can enable BOTH voltage and current
measurements on the same output channel. Power modules that do
not have simultaneous measurement capability cannot externally log
both voltage and current.
Some power modules also have multiple measurement ranges.
Selecting a lower measurement range provides greater measurement
accuracy, provided that the measurement does not exceed the range.
To select lower measurement ranges, use:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available.
To set the 5 V measurement range:
SENS:ELOG:VOLT:RANG 5,(@1)
To set the 1 A measurement range:
SENS:ELOG:CURR:RANG 1,(@1)
Seamless Measurements
Seamless voltage and current measurement autoranging is available
on Agilent Models N6781A and N6782A. This enables a wide dynamic
measurement range with no data lost across ranges. Autoranging
does not include the 10 μA range, which must be selected manually.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To enable seamless elog autoranging:
SENS:ELOG:VOLT:RANG:AUTO ON,(@1)
SENS:ELOG:CURR:RANG:AUTO ON,(@1)
Specify the Integration Period
The integration period can be set from a minimum of 102.4
microseconds to a maximum of 60 seconds.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To set an integration period of 600 microseconds:
SENS:ELOG:PER 600E-6,(@1)
During the integration period, data log samples are averaged, and the
minimum and maximum values are tracked. At the end of each
integration period the average, minimum, and maximum values are
added to the internal FIFO buffer.
Although the absolute minimum integration period is 102.4
microseconds, the actual minimum varies as a function of the
number of parameters that are being logged. The actual minimum is
102.4 microseconds times the number of parameters being logged at
each interval. Note that you can measure up to 4 parameters with the
time interval resolution set to 20 microseconds, and up t o 8
parameters with the resolution set to 40 microseconds.
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Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
102.4 microseconds:
204.8 microseconds:
409.6 microseconds:
409.6 microseconds:
1 parameter (voltage or current)
2 parameters (voltage+current)
4 parameters (voltage+min+max+current)
with 20 µs time interval resolution)
Up to 8 parameters with 40 µs time interval resolution
You can change the time interval resolution as follows:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To set the resolution to 20 microseconds:
SENS:SWE:TINT:RES RES20,(@1)
To set the resolution to 40 microseconds:
SENS:SWE:TINT:RES RES40,(@1)
If the specified integration period is at or near the minimum logging
intervals, the data format must be specified as binary. If binary
format is not specified, the data will be in ASCII format and the
minimum logging intervals will typically be up to five times longer
than what can be achieved with binary format.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To set the data format to binary:
FORM[:DATA] REAL
Select the Data Logger Trigger Source
The TRIGger:ELOG command generates an immediate trigger
regardless of the trigger source. Unless you are using this command,
select a trigger source from the following:
BUS
Selects GPIB device trigger, *TRG, or <GET> (Group Execute Trigger).
EXTernal
Selects any pin configured as a trigger input as the trigger source.
IMMediate
Selects the immediate trigger source. This triggers the data logger immediately
PIN<n>
Selects a pin on the digital port. <n> specifies the pin number. The pin must be
configured as a Trigger Input to be used as a trigger source (see Appendix C).
when initiated.
Use the following commands to select one of the available trigger
sources:
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
TRIG:ELOG:SOUR
or
TRIG:ELOG:SOUR
or
TRIG:ELOG:SOUR
or
TRIG:ELOG:SOUR
BUS,(@1)
IMM,(@1)
EXT,(@1)
PIN<n>,(@1)
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Operating the Power System
Initiate and Trigger the Data Logger
When the power system is turned on, the trigger system is in the Idle
state. In this state, the trigger system is disabled, ignoring all triggers.
The INITiate command enables the measurement system to receive
triggers. To initiate and trigger the external data log:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To initiate data log measurements:
INIT:ELOG (@1)
To trigger the data logger:
TRIG:ELOG (@1)
If the trigger source is BUS, you can also program *TRG or <GET> to
trigger the data logger.
When triggered, the data logger starts placing data in the internal
measurement buffer. Because the buffer is only large enough to hold
20 seconds of accumulated measurement your PC application must
periodically retrieve (or fetch) the data from this buffer.
Periodically Retrieve the Data log Measurement
Each FETCh command returns number of requested records of the
data in the buffer and removes them, making room available for more
data. The measurement continues until it is aborted.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To retrieve a maximum of 1000 records:
FETC:ELOG? 1000, (@1)
ASCII data (the default format) is returned as comma-separated ASCII
numeric data sets of average/min/max values terminated by a
newline. ASCII queries can only fetch data from one channel at a time.
Binary data is returned as a comma-separated list of data for each
channel requested. The data for each channel is a definite length
binary block, with the byte order specified by the FORMat:BORDer
command.
Terminate the Measurement
94
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Not Available
To abort the external data logger:
ABOR:ELOG (@1)
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
System-Related Operations
Self-Test
A power-on self-test occurs automatically when you turn on the power
system. This test assures you that the instrument is operational. If
the self-test is successful, the power system will continue to operate
normally. If the self-test fails, the front panel Err indicator comes on.
Press the Error key to display the list of errors on the front panel.
Refer to the Service Guide for further information.
Front Panel:
Cycle AC power.
SCPI Command:
*TST?
Instrument Identification
For Agilent N6700 mainframes, you can return the model number,
serial number, firmware revision, backup and active firmware. For
power modules, you can return the model number, serial number,
installed options, voltage, current and power rating.
Front Panel:
Select System\About\Frame.
or
Select System\About\Module.
SCPI Command:
*IDN?
SYST:CHAN:MOD? (@1)
SYST:CHAN:OPT? (@1)
SYST:CHAN:SER? (@1)
Instrument State Storage
The power system has two storage locations in non-volatile memory
to store instrument states. The locations are numbered 0 and 1. Any
state previously stored in the same location will be overwritten.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select States\SaveRecall.
To save a state:
In the SaveRecall field, enter a
location from 0 to 1, and press
Select. Select Save to save the
state or Recall to recall a state.
*SAV <n>
To recall a state:
*RCL <n>
When shipped from the factory, the power system is configured to
automatically recall the reset (*RST) settings at power-on. However,
you can configure the power system to use the settings stored in
memory location 0 at power-on.
Front Panel:
Select States\PowerOn.
SCPI Command:
OUTP:PON:STAT RCL0
Select Recall State 0, then press
Select.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
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Operating the Power System
Output Groups
Output grouping does not apply to Agilent Models N678xA SMU.
NOTE
Output channels can be configured or “grouped” to create a single
output with higher current and power capability. Almost all
instrument functionality is supported by grouped channels, including
voltage and current programming, measurements, status, step and
list transients. The following conditions apply for grouped channels:

Up to four output channels can be grouped per mainframe.

Output channels that are grouped must also be connected in
parallel as described in Chapter 2.

Grouped channels do not have to be adjacent, but they must have
identical model numbers and options installed.

The maximum output current is the sum of the maximum of each
channel in the group.

Low current measurement ranges should not be used with
grouped channels, otherwise a measurement overload error will
occur. Low current output ranges, however, can be used.

Over-current protection delay has a slightly slower response time
(~10 ms) and slightly less resolution than an ungrouped channel.

When output channels have been grouped, they are addressed
using the channel number of the lowest channel in the group.

Power limiting should not be used when Agilent N673xB, N674xB,
and N677xA power modules are grouped. Refer to Appendix C.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Groups.
To configure a group of channels:
In the matrix that appears, select
the channels you want to group.
Each row defines a separate group.
This groups channels 2 through 4. To
address the group, use channel 2.
SYST:GRO:DEF (@2,3,4)
To return grouped channels back to an ungrouped state, first remove
the parallel connections between channels and proceed as follows:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Groups.
To ungroup all channels:
In the matrix, place each output
channel in its own separate group.
SYST:GRO:DEL:ALL
Reboot the unit for the grouping or ungrouping changes to take effect.
Front Panel:
Cycle AC power.
96
SCPI Command:
SYST:REB
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Operating the Power System 4
Front Panel Keys
Lockout
You can lock the front panel keys to prevent unwanted control of the
instrument from the front panel. This is the most secure way of
locking the front panel keys because you need a password to unlock
the front panel. The lockout setting is saved in non-volatile memory
so that the front panel remains locked even after AC power is cycled.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Preferences\Lock
In the dialog box, enter the password to
unlock the front panel. Then select Lock.
Not Available
The menu to unlock the front panel
appears every time a key is pressed. Enter
the password to unlock the front panel.
NOTE
If the password is lost, the SYSTem:PASSword:FPANel:RESet command can
reset the front panel lockout password. Refer to the Programmer’s Reference
Help file on your Agilent N6700 Product Reference CD for more information.
The SYSTem:COMMunicate:RLSTate RWLock command can also lock and
unlock the front panel. This command is completely independent of the front
panel lockout function. If you use this command to lock the front panel, the
front panel will be unlocked when AC power is cycled.
Keys
You can enable or disable the front panel key clicks.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Preferences\Keys
Not Available
Check Enable key clicks to enable key
clicks. Uncheck to disable key clicks.
You can configure the On/Off key to enable or disable ALL outputs.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Preferences\Keys.
Check On/Off key affects all channels.
Not Available
The ON/Off key will now be active on ALL
channels.
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Operating the Power System
Front Panel Display
Screen Saver
The power system has a front panel screen saver that significantly
increases the life of the LCD display by turning it off during periods
of inactivity. The delay can be set from 30 to 999 minutes in 1 minute
increments. As shipped from the factory, the screen saver comes on
one hour after activity on the front panel or interface has ceased.
When the screen saver is active, the front panel display turns off, and
the LED next to the Line switch changes from green to amber. To
restore the front panel display, simply press one of the front panel
keys. The first action of the key turns the display on. Subsequently,
the key will revert to its normal function.
If the Wake on I/O function is selected, the display is restored
whenever there is activity on the remote interface. This also resets
the timer on the screen saver. As shipped, Wake on I/O is active.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Preferences\Display\Saver
Not Available.
Enable or disable the screen saver by checking
or unchecking the Screen Saver checkbox.
Then Press Select.
Enter a value in minutes in the Saver Delay
field to specify the time when the screen saver
will activate.
Check Wake on I/O to activate the display with
I/O bus activity.
Contrast
You can set the contrast of the front panel display to compensate for
ambient lighting conditions. The contrast can be set from 0% to 100%
in increments of 1%. As-shipped, the contrast is set to 50%.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Preferences\Display\Contrast
Not Available.
Enter a contrast value in the Contrast box.
Then Press Select.
View
You can specify how the output channels are displayed at turn on.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\Preferences\Display\View
To display all channels:
Check 1-channel to display channel one.
Check 4-channel to display all channels.
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Series N6700 User’s Guide
Appendix A
Specifications
Agilent N6700B, N6701A, N6702A MPS Mainframes .............................. 100
This appendix lists the supplemental characteristics of the Agilent
N6700 Modular Power System. A dimensional line drawing of the
mainframe is included at the end of the chapter.
Supplemental characteristics are not warranted but are descriptions
of performance determined either by design or type testing. All
supplemental characteristics are typical unless otherwise noted.
NOTE
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Complete specifications and supplemental characteristics information for all
power modules are included in the Agilent N6700 Modular Power System
Family Specifications Guide. This document is available on the Agilent N6700
Product Reference CD that is shipped along with your instrument as well as on
the web at www.agilent.com/find/N6700.
99
Appendix A
Specifications
Agilent N6700B, N6701A, N6702A MPS Mainframes
Supplemental Characteristics
N6700B, N6701A, N6702A
Maximum Power Available for Modules: (sum of total module output power)
400 W (for N6700B mainframes)
600 W (for N6701A mainframes)
1200 W (for N6702A mainframes)
Internal Flash Memory:
8 Mbyte
Protection Response Characteristics:
INH input
5 µs from receipt of inhibit to start of shutdown
Fault on coupled outputs
< 10 µs from receipt of fault to start of shutdown
Command Processing Time: ≤ 1 ms from receipt of command to start of output change
Digital Control Characteristics:
Maximum voltage ratings
+16.5 VDC/− 5 VDC between pins
(pin 8 is internally connected to chassis ground).
Pins 1 and 2 as FLT output
Maximum low-level output voltage = 0.5 V @ 4 mA
Maximum low-level sink current = 4 mA
Typical high-level leakage current = 1 mA @ 16.5 VDC
Pins 1 - 7 as digital/trigger
outputs (pin 8 = common)
Maximum low-level output voltage = 0.5 V @ 4 mA;
1 V @ 50 mA; 1.75 V @ 100 mA
Maximum low-level sink current = 100 mA
Typical high-level leakage current = 0.8 mA @ 16.5 VDC
Pins 1 - 7 as digital/trigger
inputs and pin 3 as INH input
(pin 8 = common)
Maximum low-level input voltage = 0.8 V
Minimum high-level input voltage = 2 V
Typical low-level current = 2 mA @ 0 V (internal 2.2k pull-up)
Typical high-level leakage current = 0.12 mA @ 16.5 VDC
Interface Capabilities:
GPIB
SCPI - 1993, IEEE 488.2 compliant interface
LXI Compliance
Class C (only applies to units with LXI label on front panel)
USB 2.0
Requires Agilent IO Library version M.01.01 or 14.0 and up
10/100 LAN
Requires Agilent IO Library version L.01.01 or 14.0 and up
Built-in Web server
Requires Internet Explorer 7+ or Firefox 2+
Regulatory Compliance:
EMC
Complies with European EMC Directive for test and
measurement products.
● IEC/EN 61326-1
● CISPR 11, Group 1, class A
● AS/NZS CISPR 11
● ICES/NMB-001
Complies with Australian standard and carries C-Tick mark.
This ISM device complies with Canadian ICES-001.
Cet appareil ISM est conforme à la norme NMB-001 du Canada.
Safety
100
Complies with European Low Voltage Directive and carries
the CE-marking.
Conforms to UL 61010-1 and CSA C22.2 61010-1.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Specifications
Appendix A
Supplemental Characteristics (continued)
N6700B, N6701A, N6702A
Environmental Conditions
Operating environment
Indoor use, installation category II (for AC input),
pollution degree 2
Temperature range
0°C to 55°C (output current is derated 1% per °C above
40°C ambient temperature)
Relative humidity
Up to 95%
Altitude
Up to 2000 meters
Storage temperature
-30°C to 70°C
Acoustic Noise Declaration:
This statement is provided to
comply with the requirements of
the German Sound Emission
Directive, from 18 January 1991.
Sound Pressure Lp <70 dB(A), At Operator Position,
Normal Operation, According to EN 27779 (Type Test).
Schalldruckpegel Lp <70 dB(A), Am Arbeitsplatz,
Normaler Betrieb, Nach EN 27779 (Typprüfung).
Output Terminal Isolation:
Maximum Rating
No output terminal may be more than 240 VDC from any
other terminal or chassis ground.
N6781A Note:
When using the AUX measurement input terminals on
Model N6781A, no output or input terminal may be more
than ±60 VDC from any other terminal or chassis ground.
AC Input:
Input Ratings
~ 100 VAC – 240 VAC; 50/60/400Hz
Power Consumption
1000 VA
1440 VA
1440 VA
2200 VA
Power Factor NOTE 1
0.99 @ nominal input and rated power
Fuse
Internal fuse - not customer accessible.
N6702A Note:
(N6700B)
(N6701A)
(N6702A @ < 180 VAC input)
(N6702A @ > 180 VAC input)
AC mains circuits rated at 100-180 VAC cannot supply
enough current to power the N6702A mainframe when
operated at its full rated power. When connected to a
100-180 VAC mains, internal circuits will limit the power
available to modules to 600 W maximum.
Net Weight:
N6700B with 4 power modules
12.73 kg / 28 lbs.
N6701A with 4 power modules
11.82 kg / 26 lbs.
N6702A with 4 power modules
14.09 kg / 31 lbs.
Single power module (typical)
1.23 kg / 2.71 lbs
Dimensions:
Refer to the outline diagrams on the following page.
1
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Under full load at 400 Hz, power factor drops from 0.99 @ 120 VAC to as low as
0.76 @ 265 VAC. Power factor degrades further under no load conditions.
101
Appendix A
Specifications
Outline Diagram
549.7 mm
21.64"
N6700B/
N6701A
560.2 mm
22.06"
N6700B/
N6701A
598.0 mm
23.54"
N6702A
608.5 mm
23.96"
N6702A
25.4 mm
1.00"
432.5 mm
17.03"
482.6 mm
19.00"
44.45 mm
1.75"
= AIRFLOW
.
425.45 mm
16.75"
102
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Appendix B
Using the Digital Port
Digital Control Port ......................................................................................... 104
Configuring the Digital Control Port............................................................. 105
A Digital Control Port consisting of seven I/O pins is provided to
access various control functions. Each pin is user-configurable. The
following control functions are available for the I/O pins:
NOTE
Series N6700 User’s Guide

Bi-directional Digital I/O

Digital Input only

External Trigger

Fault Output

Inhibit Input

Output State (see Appendix D)
Earlier Agilent N6700A mainframes use a 4-pin connector instead of the 8-pin
connector available on the N6700B, N6701A, and N6702A mainframes. Refer to
the Service Guide for information on pin functionality of the 4-pin connector.
103
Appendix B
Using the Digital Port
Digital Control Port
An 8-pin connector and a quick-disconnect connector plug are
provided on each instrument for accessing the five digital control
port functions.
TIGHTEN SCREWS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
I
+ INSERT WIRES
Output trigger
signal, or
Input trigger
signal
Signal Common
The digital control connector accepts wires sizes from AWG 14 to
AWG 30. Note that wire sizes smaller than AWG 24 are not
recommended. Disconnect the connector plug to make your wire
connections.
NOTE
It is good engineering practice to twist and shield all signal wires to and from
the digital connectors. If shielded wire is used, connect only one end of the
shield to chassis ground to prevent ground loops.
The following chart describes the possible pin configuration for the
digital port functions. For a complete description of the electrical
characteristics of the digital I/O port, refer to Appendix A.
Pin Function
Available configurable pins
Digital I/O and Digital In
Pins 1 through 7
External Trigger In/Out
Pins 1 through 7
Fault Out
Pins 1 and 2
Inhibit In
Pin 3
Output State
Pins 4 through 7
Common (⊥)
Pin 8
In addition to the configurable pin functions, the active signal
polarity for each pin is also configurable. When Positive polarity is
selected, a logical true signal is a voltage high at the pin. When
Negative polarity is selected, a logical true signal is a voltage low at
the pin.
For a complete description of the electrical characteristics of the
digital port, see Appendix A.
104
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Using the Digital Port
Appendix B
Configuring the Digital Control Port
Bi-directional Digital I/O
Each of the seven pins can be configured as general purpose bidirectional digital inputs and outputs. The polarity of the pins can
also be configured. Pin 8 is the signal common for the digital I/O pins.
Data is programmed according to the following bit assignments:
Pin
Bit weight
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
6 (msb)
5
4
3
2
1
0 (lsb)
To configure the pins for digital I/O:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\IO\DigPort\Pins.
Select a pin in the Pin field.
To configure the pin function:
DIG:PIN<1-7>:FUNC DIO
To configure pin polarity:
DIG:PIN<1-7>:POL <pol>
In the Function field, select Dig I/O.
In the Polarity field, select either
Positive or Negative.
To send data to the pins:
DIG:OUTP:DATA <data>
To send data to the pins, select
System\IO\DigPort\Data.
Select the Data Out field and enter
the binary word.
The digital I/O pin can be used to control both relay circuits as well
as digital interface circuits. The following figure illustrates typical
relay circuits as well as digital interface circuit connections using the
digital I/O functions.
16.5 V Max.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
I
I
Coil
Current
0.1 A
Max.
Digital Output
Pins 1 - 7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
I
TTL, AS, CMOS, HC
Relay driver
Pins 1 - 7
(contain internal
clamp diodes for
inductive flyback)
Digital Input
Pins 1 - 7
A) Relay Circuits
Series N6700 User’s Guide
B) Digital Interface Circuits
105
Appendix B
Using the Digital Port
Digital Input
Each of the seven pins can be configured as digital input only. The
polarity of the pins can also be configured. Pin 8 is the signal
common for the digital input pins. The pin status reflects the true
condition of the external signal that is applied to the pin. The pin
state is not affected by the value of the binary output word.
To configure the pins for digital input only:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\IO\DigPort\Pins.
Select a pin in the Pin field.
To configure the pin function:
DIG:PIN<1-7>:FUNC DINP
In the Function field, select Dig In.
In the Polarity field, select either
Positive or Negative.
To read the data from the pins, select
System\IO\DigPort\Data.
To configure pin polarity:
DIG:PIN<1-7>:POL <pol>
To read the pin data:
DIG:INP:DATA?
The input data is displayed as a binary
number in the Data In field.
External Trigger
Each of the seven pins can be configured as either trigger inputs or
trigger outputs. The polarity of the pins can also be configured. When
you program trigger polarity, POSitive means a rising edge and
NEGative means a falling edge. Pin 8 is the signal common for the
trigger pins.
When configured as a trigger input, you can apply either a negativegoing or a positive-going pulse to the designated trigger input pin.
The trigger latency is 5 microseconds. The minimum pulse width is 4
microseconds for positive-going signals, and 10 microseconds for
negative-going signals. The pin’s polarity setting determines which
edge generates a trigger-in event.
When configured as a trigger output, the designated trigger pin will
generate a 10 microsecond-wide trigger pulse in response to a trigger
event. Depending on the polarity setting, it can be either positivegoing or negative-going when referenced to common.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\IO\DigPort\Pins,
Select a pin in the Pin field.
To select the trigger output
function for pin 1:
DIG:PIN1:FUNC TOUT
In the Function field, select either
Trig In or Trig Out.
In the Polarity field, select either
Positive or Negative.
106
To select the trigger input function
for pin 2:
DIG:PIN2:FUNC TINP
To select the trigger polarity:
DIG:PIN<1-7>:POL <pol>
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Using the Digital Port
Appendix B
Fault Output
Pins 1 and 2 can be configured as a fault-output pair. The polarity of
pin 1 can also be configured. Pin 1 is the Fault output; pin 2 is the
common for pin 1. Note that pin 2 must also be connected to pin 8.
The Fault Output function enables a fault condition on any channel
to generate a fault signal on the Digital Control port. The following
conditions will generate a fault event: over-voltage, over-current,
over-temperature, inhibit signal, power-fail condition, or on some
models, a power-limit condition.
Both pins 1 and 2 are dedicated to this function. This provides for an
optically-isolated output. Pin 2’s function is ignored. Note that the
Fault output signal remains latched until the fault condition is
cleared. You must also clear the protection circuit.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\IO\DigPort\Pins.
To configure the Fault function:
DIG:PIN1:FUNC FAUL
To select the fault output polarity:
DIG:PIN1:POL <pol>
Select pin 1, then Function, then
Fault Out. In the Polarity field,
select either Positive or Negative.
Inhibit Input
Pin 3 can be configured as a remote inhibit input. The polarity of pin
3 can also be configured. Pin 8 is the common for pin 3.
The Inhibit Input function lets an external input signal control the
output state of all of the output channels in the mainframe. The
signal latency is 5 microseconds. Pin 3 can be programmed for the
following Inhibit modes, which are stored in non-volatile memory:
LATChing Causes a logic-true transition on the Inhibit input to disable all outputs. The
outputs will remain disabled after the inhibit signal is received.
LIVE Allows the enabled outputs to follow the state of the Inhibit input. When the
Inhibit input is true, the outputs are disabled. When the Inhibit input is false,
the outputs are re-enabled.
OFF The Inhibit input is ignored.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select System\IO\DigPort\Pins.
To configure the Inhibit function:
DIG:PIN3:FUNC INH
To select the inhibit input polarity:
DIG:PIN3:POL <pol>
To latch the Inhibit signal:
OUTP:INH:MODE LATC
To set the Inhibit signal live:
OUTP:INH:MODE LIVE
To disable the Inhibit signal:
OUTP:INH:MODE OFF
Select pin 3, then Function, then
Inhibit In. In the Polarity field,
select either Positive or Negative.
Select Protect\Inhibit.
Select either Latching or Live.
To disable the Inhibit signal, select
Off
Series N6700 User’s Guide
107
Appendix B
Using the Digital Port
Fault/Inhibit System Protection
The following figure illustrates some ways that you can connect the
Fault/Inhibit pins of the connector.
FLT INH
1
+
2
3
FLT INH
4
5
6
7
I
-
1
2
+
-
3
FLT INH
4
5
6
7
I
1
2
+
-
3
4
5
6
7
I
INH
Input
Panic
switch
INH
Common
As shown in the figure, when the Fault outputs and Inhibit inputs of
several mainframes are daisy-chained, an internal fault condition in
one of the mainframes will disable all of them without intervention
by either the controller or external circuitry.
You can also connect the Inhibit input to a manual switch or external
control signal that will short the Inhibit pin to common whenever it
is necessary to disable all output channels in the mainframe.
Negative polarity must be programmed for all pins in this case. You
can also use the Fault output to drive an external relay circuit or
signal other devices whenever a user-definable fault occurs.
Clearing a System Protection Fault
To restore all instruments to a normal operating condition when a
fault condition occurs in a daisy-chained system protection
configuration, two fault conditions must be removed:
NOTE
1.
The initial protection fault or external Inhibit signal.
2.
The subsequent daisy-chained fault signal (which is sourced
by the Inhibit signal).
Even when the initial fault condition or external signal is removed, the Inhibit
fault signal is still active and will continue to shut down the outputs of all the
mainframes.
To clear the daisy-chained fault signal if the operating mode of the
Inhibit input is Live, simply clear the output protection on any ONE
mainframe as explained in chapter 4. If the operating mode of the
Inhibit input is Latched, turn off the Inhibit input on ALL mainframes
individually. To re-enable the chain, re-program the Inhibit input on
each mainframe to Latched mode.
Output State
Only pins 4 through 7 can be configured to control the output state.
This function lets you connect multiple Agilent N6700 mainframes
together and synchronize the output on/off sequence across
mainframes. Refer to Appendix D for detailed information.
108
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Appendix C
Power Allocation
Power Limit Operation ................................................................................... 110
Module Power Allocation .............................................................................. 111
This appendix discusses the power allocation function.
For the majority of Agilent N6700 Modular Power System
configurations, full power is available from all installed power
modules. However, it is possible to configure a power system in
which the combined ratings of the power modules exceed the power
rating of the mainframe.
The power rating of Agilent N6700 mainframes is as follows:

Agilent N6700A/B = 400 W

Agilent N6701A = 600 W

Agilent N6702A @ nominal 100 - 120 VAC = 600 W
@ nominal 200 - 240 VAC = 1,200 W
Note that the power system will continue to operate normally as long
as the combined module output power is within the power rating of
the mainframe.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
109
Appendix C
Power Allocation
Power Limit Operation
Mainframe Power Limit
If the combined power drawn from all of the power modules exceeds
the mainframe’s power rating, a power fault protection event will
occur. This causes ALL outputs to turn off and remain off until a
protection clear command is given. This is explained in chapter 4
under “Clear Output Protection Functions”. A status bit (PF) will
indicate that a power fault protection event has occurred.
The power allocation function lets you programmatically limit the
power that can be sourced from individual power modules, thereby
preventing the combined power from exceeding the mainframe’s
rated output power and causing all the outputs to turn off.
NOTE
For N6702A mainframes operating at 100-120 VAC nominal, the sum of the
channel power limit settings cannot exceed 600W due to a restriction on the AC
line current. There is no restriction when operating at 200-240 VAC nominal.
Module Power Limit
When the power limit has been set to a value less than the maximum
rating on a power module, and either the output voltage or the output
current increases to a point where the module exceeds the power
limit setting, the module’s power limit function will activate. If the
power limit is left at the maximum rating, then the power module
will not enable its power limit function.
On Agilent N673xB, N674xB, and N677xA power modules, the
power limit function will turn the output off after a power limit
condition persists for about 1 millisecond. A status bit (CP+) will
indicate that the output has been turned off because of a power limit
condition. To restore the output, you must first adjust the load so
that it draws less power. Then you must clear the protection function
as explained in chapter 4 under “Clear Output Protection Functions”.
Note that on these models, it may be preferable for some applications
to use the current or voltage setting to limit the output power so as to
avoid turning the output off.
On Agilent N675xA, and N676xA power modules, the power limit
function will limit the output power at its programmed setting. A
status bit (CP+) will indicate that the output is in power limit mode.
When the power drawn by the load is reduced below the power limit
setting, the output automatically returns to normal operation - either
constant voltage or constant current mode.
NOTE
110
Power limiting should not be used when Agilent N673xB, N674xB, and N677xA
power modules are grouped. When these power modules are grouped, you must
reset the power limit to its maximum rated value.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Power Allocation
Appendix C
For Agilent Models N678xA SMU, the power limit function does not
apply.
Module Power Allocation
The following commands program the module power limit function:
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
Select Output\Advanced\Power.
To set a power limit on output 1:
POW:LIM 100,(@1)
Enter a power limit for each output.
To query the power limits that are set, send:
Front Panel:
Select Output\Advanced\Power.
SCPI Command:
POW:LIM? (@1:4)
The power allocation for all output
channels is displayed in the dialog boxes.
To return all output channels to their default settings, you can either
cycle AC power or send the following commands:
Front Panel:
Select States\Reset
SCPI Command:
*RST
or
POW:LIM MAX,(@1:4)
NOTE
Series N6700 User’s Guide
When an output channel is set to MAX, it returns to its maximum rated value,
and the power limit function will not activate.
111
Appendix D
Output On/Off Synchronization
Synchronizing Output Turn-on Delays ......................................................... 114
Synchronizing Multiple Mainframes ............................................................ 117
Operation .......................................................................................................... 118
This appendix discusses output on/off synchronization. This function
lets you accurately synchronize output turn-on sequences by letting
you specify a common delay offset, which serves as a reference point
for the user-programmed turn-on delays.
This same reference point also makes it possible to connect multiple
Agilent N6700-series mainframes together and program accurate
turn-on sequences across multiple mainframes.
There is no need to specify a delay offset when outputs turn off.
Outputs start executing their turn-off delays as soon as an output Off
command is received.
For complete details on the SCPI commands discussed in this
appendix, refer to the N6700 Programmer’s Reference Help file
included on the Agilent N6700 Product Reference CD. This CD-ROM
is shipped along with your instrument.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
113
Appendix D
Output On/Off Synchronization
Synchronizing Output Turn-on Delays
All N6700 Power Modules that are installed in an Agilent N6700
mainframe exhibit a minimum delay offset that applies from the time
that a command to turn on the output is received until the output
actually turns on. If you specify a user-programmed turn-on delay,
this delay will be added to the minimum delay offset, resulting in a
turn-on delay that is actually longer than the one you programmed.
The minimum delay offset is shown in the following table.
Minimum
Delay Offset
Power Modules
Options and Mode
N673xB, N674xB, N677xA
Without relays
32 ms
With relay option 760
58 ms
Without relays
25 ms
With relay option 760
51 ms
Without relays
18 ms
With relay option 760
44 ms
Without relays
32 ms
With relay option 760
58 ms
Without relays; Current priority
23 ms
With relay option 760; Current priority
45 ms
N6751A, N6752A
N6753A, N6754A
N6761A, N6762A
N6781A, N6782A
With turn-off mode set to Low Z
23.6 ms
With turn-off mode set to High Z
22.8 ms
To determine which power modules are installed in your mainframe,
select System\About\Module from the front panel. This identifies
the power module and the installed options. If N676xA power
modules are installed, send the OUTP:PMODE? query to determine if
Current priority mode has been set.
To determine the actual turn-on delay between the “on” event (such
as pressing the Output On key or sending an Output On command),
you must add the programmed turn-on delay to the minimum delay
offset as shown in the following example. In this example, if you
program delay values of 10 ms, 20 ms, 30 ms, and 40 ms for output
channels 1 through 4 respectively, the actual output delays will be 68
ms, 45 ms, 81 ms, and 72 ms for output channels 1 through 4.
N6731B w/relays (1)
N6751A (2)
58
10
20
25
N6751A w/relays (3)
30
51
N6761A (4)
40
32
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
milliseconds
ON
= internal delay offset
= programmed turn-on delay
To synchronize power modules with different minimum delay offsets
as shown above, you can specify a common delay offset parameter.
114
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Output On/Off Synchronization
Appendix D
By setting the common delay offset to be greater than or equal to the
largest minimum delay offset, you can synchronize the programmed
turn-on delays as shown in the following example.
N6731B w/relays (1)
60
N6751A (2)
60
N6751A w/relays (3)
60
N6761A (4)
60
10
20
30
10
20
30
40
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
milliseconds
ON
60 ms = common delay offset
Since there will be an additional delay due to the common delay
offset, you will need to account for the additional delay time. As
shown in the previous example, if you program a common delay of 60
ms and user-programmed delays of 10 ms, 20 ms, 30 ms, and 40 ms
for output channels 1 through 4, the actual output delays from the
“on” event will be 70 ms, 80 ms, 90 ms, and 100 ms respectively.
Even though this 60 ms delay offset will be seen on all outputs, the
additional delay time will not affect most applications because the
relative delay times between output module turn-on will still be 10
ms, 20, ms, 30 ms, and 40 ms – the exact values originally specified.
NOTE
If you have previously characterized the minimum turn-on delays of the power
modules that you are synchronizing and have incorporated this delay in your
application program, you do not need to rewrite your test program. Your
application will continue to work as before.
Procedure
To configure the output turn-on delays:
1. Enable the turn-on synchronization function on the mainframe.
2. Specify the output channels that will be synchronized or coupled.
3. Specify the user-programmed turn-on delay for each output
channel that will be synchronized.
4. This step is required if you have power modules with different
minimum delay offsets. Specify a common delay offset for all of
the synchronized output channels. When the common delay
offset completes, the user-programmed turn-on delays will start.
1. Enable the Synchronization Function
Output turn-on synchronization must be enabled on the mainframe.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
In the front panel menu, select
To enable, send:
OUTP:COUP ON
Check the box labeled “Enable”.
To disable, uncheck the box.
To disable, send:
OUTP:COUP OFF
Output\Sequence\Couple.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
115
Appendix D
Output On/Off Synchronization
2. Specify which Output Channels will be Synchronized
Select the output channels that will be synchronized.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
In the front panel menu, select
To specify a channel or channels:
OUTP:COUP:CHAN 1,2,3,4
Output\Sequence\Couple.
Check which channels will be coupled.
To remove a channel, uncheck the box.
3. Specify the Turn-On Delays for each Output Channel
Turn-on delays can be specified for all coupled output channels. Any
delay sequence can be implemented. There are no restrictions on
what the sequence is or what channel comes up first.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
For channels 1, 2, 3, and 4, select
Program a turn-on delays for channels
1 through 4:
OUTP:DEL:RISE .01,(@1)
OUTP:DEL:RISe .02,(@2)
OUTP:DEL:RISE .03,(@3)
OUTP:DEL:RISE .04,(@4)
Output\Sequence\Delay.
Specify the Turn-on delay for each
channel in seconds; then press
Select.
4. Specify the Common Delay Offset
Specifying a common delay offset assures that the user-programmed
turn-on delays will be synchronized to start at the completion of the
common delay offset. Select the delay offset of the slowest power
module in the mainframe and use that as the common delay offset.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
In the front panel menu, select
To query the delay offset of the
slowest power module in the
mainframe (the maximum delay
offset) in seconds:
OUTP:COUP:MAX:DOFF?
Output\Sequence\Couple.
The Max delay offset for this frame
field displays the delay offset of the
slowest power module in the frame.
Enter the delay offset value of the
slowest power module in the Delay
offset field in milliseconds; then press
Select.
To specify the common delay offset
for the mainframe in seconds:
OUTP:COUP:DOFF .051
Note that you can program a common delay that is longer than the
maximum delay offset of the mainframe. You may choose a longer
value to make your program flexible for future configurations that
may have power modules with longer delay offsets. However, if you
program a value that is shorter than the maximum delay offset, you
may experience improper synchronization across all outputs.
NOTE
116
There is no need to specify a delay offset when outputs turn off. Outputs start
executing their turn-off delays as soon as an output Off command is received.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Output On/Off Synchronization
Appendix D
Synchronizing Multiple Mainframes
The output turn-on synchronization function can be used across
multiple mainframes that have coupled output channels. Each
mainframe that will be synchronized must have at least one coupled
channel. Note that cross-frame synchronization must be enabled for
any mainframe that contains synchronized output channels.
Procedure
1. Configure the output channels on each mainframe as described
in steps 1 through 3 of the previous procedure.
2. This step is required if you have power modules with different
minimum delay offsets. Specify a common delay offset for all of
the synchronized output channels. This value must be the largest
delay offset of all synchronized output channels regardless of the
mainframe in which they are installed. This same value must be
specified as the common delay offset for each mainframe.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
In the front panel menu of each
mainframe, select
To specify the common delay offset
for each mainframe in seconds:
OUTP:COUP:DOFF .051
In the Delay offset field, enter the
delay offset value of the slowest
power module of all the mainframes
in milliseconds; then press Select.
The Max delay offset for this frame
field displays the delay offset of the
slowest power module in this frame.
To return the delay offset of the
slowest power module in each
mainframe (the maximum delay
offset) in seconds:
OUTP:COUP:MAX:DOFF?
Output\Sequence\Couple.
3. Connect and configure the digital connector pins of the
synchronized mainframes as described in the following section.
Digital Connections and Configuration
NOTE
Only pins 4 through 7 can be configured as synchronization pins. You cannot
configure more than one ON couple and one OFF couple pin per mainframe.
The polarity of the pins is not programmable.
The digital connector pins of the synchronized mainframes that
contain coupled channels must be connected together as shown in
the following figure. In this example, pin 6 will be configured as the
output On control. Pin 7 will be configured as the output Off control.
The ground or Common pins also need to be connected together.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
117
Appendix D
Output On/Off Synchronization
Mainframe #1
1
2
3
4
5
6
Mainframe #2
7
I
1
2
3
4
5
6
Mainframe #3
7
I
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
I
ON Couple
OFF Couple
Common
Only two of the digital connector pins on each mainframe can be
configured as “ONCouple” and “OFFCouple” on each synchronized
mainframe. The designated pins will function as both an input and an
output, with a negative transition on one pin providing the
synchronization signal to the other pins.
Front Panel:
SCPI Command:
For mainframe #1, select
System\IO\DigPort\Pin6
To configure pin 6 of mainframe #1
as the ON control:
DIG:PIN6:FUNC ONC
To configure pin 7 of mainframe #1
as the OFF control:
DIG:PIN7:FUNC OFFC
Select Function, then ONCouple.
Select Pins, select pin 7, then select
Function, then OFFCouple.
Repeat these steps for mainframes
#2 and #3.
Repeat these commands for
mainframes #2 and #3.
Operation
Once configured and enabled, turning the output on or off on any
coupled channel will cause all coupled channels on all configured
mainframes to turn on or off according to their user-programmed
delays. This applies to the front panel On/Off key, the Web server,
and to SCPI commands.
If a mainframe has its ON/OFF key coupled (located in the
System\Preferences\Keys menu), turning the output on or off on
any coupled channel will cause all coupled channels as well as noncoupled channels on that mainframe to turn on or off.
118
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Appendix E
Source Operating Modes
Single Quadrant Operation ............................................................................ 120
Agilent N678xA Multi-Quadrant Operation ................................................ 122
This appendix discusses the difference between constant voltage and
constant current operating modes, multiple output quadrant
operation, and other advanced source functions.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
119
Appendix E
Source Operating Modes
Single Quadrant Operation
The Agilent N6700 Modular Power System can operate in either
constant voltage (CV) or constant current (CC) over the rated output
voltage and current. Constant voltage mode is defined as an
operating mode in which the dc source maintains its output voltage
at the programmed voltage setting in spite of changes in load, line, or
temperature. Thus, when the load resistance changes, the output
voltage remains constant while the output current changes to
accommodate the change in load.
Constant current mode is defined as an operating mode in which the
dc source maintains its output current at the programmed current
limit in spite of changes in load, line, or temperature. Thus, when the
load resistance changes, the output current remains constant while
the output voltage changes to accommodate the change in load.
All DC power modules, except for Agilent Models N678xA SMU,
are designed as constant voltage sources. This means that the
specifications and operating characteristics are optimized for
constant voltage mode operation. Note that these power modules
cannot be programmed to operate in a specific mode. At turn-on, the
operating mode will be determined by the voltage setting, current
setting, and the load resistance. In the following figure, operating
point 1 is defined by a fixed load line traversing the positive
operating quadrant in the constant voltage region. Operating point 2
is defined by a fixed load line traversing the positive operating
quadrant in the constant current region.
Voltage
Vmax
1
More load
resistance
CV
Downprogrammer
characteristic
re
sis
tiv
e
loa
dl
ine
Vset
e
od
M
CC
r
ve
so
s
o
cr
v
isti
res
ad
lo
ad
e lo
e
li n
line
2
Less load resistance
Current
0
120
Iset Imax
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Source Operating Modes
Appendix E
Autoranging
NOTE
Autoranging only applies to Agilent N675xA and N676xA power modules.
The following figure illustrates the autoranging output characteristic
of the Agilent N675xA and N676xA power modules. Point 3 shows a
situation in which the voltage and current settings are such that the
operating locus is limited by the maximum output power boundary of
the output. Depending on the power module, this may be greater than
the output power rating of the module. In this situation, the output is
not guaranteed to meet its operating specifications because it is
operating in an area that is outside its specified power rating.
Voltage
Vmax
1
loa
dl
ine
Vset
CV
More load
resistance
re
sis
tiv
e
Downprogrammer
characteristic
+
CP
d
lo a
e
li n
d li
loa
e
v
isti
res
CC
3
ne
2
Less load resistance
Current
0
Iset Imax
Downprogramming
As shown by the dashed line on the left in the figures, the power
system is capable of sinking current over the output voltage range
from zero volts to the rated voltage. This negative current sinking
capability provides fast downprogramming of the output. The
negative current is not programmable.
Series N6700 User’s Guide
121
Appendix E
Source Operating Modes
Agilent N678xA Multi-Quadrant Operation
Agilent Models N678xA SMU can be operated in either voltage or
current priority mode. They can source as well as sink output power.
Note that Agilent Models N6781A and N6782A operate only in the
+ Voltage quadrants.
Voltage Priority Mode
In voltage priority mode, the output voltage should be programmed to
the desired positive or negative value. A positive current limit value
should also be set. The current limit should always be set higher than
the actual output current requirement of the external load. With
tracking enabled, the negative current limit tracks the positive
current limit setting. With tracking disabled, you can set different
values for the positive and negative current limits.
The following figure shows the voltage priority operating locus of the
power modules. The area in the white quadrants shows the output as
a source (sourcing power). The area in the shaded quadrants shows
the output as a load (sinking power).
+ Voltage
+20 V /
+6 V
+OV
V setting
-1 A /
-3 A
+ Current
+1 A /
+3 A
-I limit
+I limit
− Voltage
operation
applies to
N6784A
only
-20 V /
-6 V
Key
−OV
Sourcing power
Sinking power
Programmable
The heavy solid line illustrates the locus of possible operating points
as a function of the output load. As shown by the horizontal portion
of the line, the output voltage remains regulated at its programmed
setting as long as the load current remains within the positive or
negative current limit setting. A CV (constant voltage) status flag
indicates that the output current is within the limit settings.
122
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Source Operating Modes
Appendix E
When the output current reaches either the positive or negative
current limit, the unit no longer operates in constant voltage mode
and the output voltage is no longer held constant. Instead, the power
supply will now regulate the output current at its current limit
setting. Either a LIM+ (positive current limit), or LIM− (negative
current limit) status flag is set to indicate that a current limit has
been reached.
As shown by the vertical portions of the load line, when the unit is
sinking power, the output voltage may continue to increase in the
positive or negative direction as more current is forced into the unit.
When the output voltage exceeds either the positive or negative overvoltage setting, the output will shut down, the output relays will
open, and either the OV or OV- and the PROT status bits will be set.
Either the user-defined over-voltage setting or the local over-voltage
function can trip the over-voltage protection.
Current Priority Mode
In current priority mode, the output current should be programmed
to the desired positive or negative value. A positive voltage limit
value should also be set. The voltage limit should always be set higher
than the actual output voltage requirement of the external load. With
tracking enabled, the negative voltage limit tracks the positive voltage
limit setting. With tracking disabled, you can set different values for
the positive and negative voltage limits.
The following figure shows the current priority operating locus of the
power modules. The area in the white quadrants shows the output as
a source (sourcing power). The area in the shaded quadrants shows
the output as a load (sinking power).
+ Voltage
+20 V /
+6 V
OC
+V limit
I setting
-1 A /
-3 A
+ Current
+1 A /
+3 A
− Voltage
operation
applies to
N6784A
only
OC
-V limit
-20 V /
-6 V
Key
Sourcing power
Sinking power
Programmable
Series N6700 User’s Guide
123
Appendix E
Source Operating Modes
The heavy solid line illustrates the locus of possible operating points
as a function of the output load. As shown by the vertical portion of
the line, the output current remains regulated at its programmed
setting as long as the output voltage remains within the positive or
negative voltage limit setting. A CC (constant current) status flag
indicates when the output voltage is within the limit settings.
If the output voltage reaches either the positive or negative voltage
limit, the unit no longer operates in constant current mode and the
output current is no longer held constant. Instead, the power supply
will now regulate the output voltage at its voltage limit setting. Either
a LIM+ (positive voltage limit) or LIM− (negative voltage limit) status
flag is set to indicate that either the positive or negative voltage limit
has been reached.
As shown by the horizontal portions of the load line, when the unit is
sinking power, the output current may continue to increase in the
positive or negative direction as more current is forced into the unit.
Once the current is exceeds 12% of the rated current of the range
(1.12 A on the 1 A range; 3.36 A on the 3 A range), the output will
shut down, the output relays will open, and the OC and PROT status
bits will be set.
124
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Index
A
D
Admin menu, password ................................................... 59
airflow ................................................................... 26, 29, 102
All ......................................................................................... 64
allocation, power ............................................................. 110
autoranging....................................................................... 121
auxiliary voltage measurement ....................................... 44
auxiliary voltage measurements ..................................... 78
damage ................................................................................ 25
data socket.......................................................................... 58
DCL ....................................................................................... 58
Declaration of conformity................................................... 2
default gateway.................................................................. 55
digital I/O
configuring.................................................................... 105
connections .................................................................. 105
digital input
configuring.................................................................... 106
connections .................................................................. 106
digitizer, programming ...................................................... 79
dimensions ........................................................................ 102
downprogramming........................................................... 121
B
bandwidth ........................................................................... 66
bench location.................................................................... 29
C
capacitor, external ............................................................. 42
Caution .................................................................................. 3
CC ......................................................................................... 13
channel
groups ....................................................................... 39, 95
location ........................................................................... 26
numbering ...................................................................... 26
select ......................................................................... 46, 62
cleaning ............................................................................... 26
connections
guard ............................................................................... 34
multiple load .................................................................. 35
negative voltage ............................................................ 42
parallel ............................................................................ 38
positive voltage ............................................................. 42
remote sensing.............................................................. 36
series ............................................................................... 40
contrast, front panel ......................................................... 97
control port, connector ................................................... 104
control socket .................................................................... 58
CP– ....................................................................................... 13
CP+............................................................................... 13, 110
current
measurement range ..................................................... 77
priority mode .................................................................. 63
returning current data .................................................. 82
setting ....................................................................... 47, 63
current priority ................................................................. 123
current sinking ................................................................. 121
CV ......................................................................................... 13
E
environmental conditions ................................................. 26
Err ...................................................................................12, 49
external data logging ........................................................ 90
initiate ............................................................................. 92
returning arrays ............................................................. 93
sample interval .............................................................. 91
terminate......................................................................... 93
trigger source ................................................................. 92
external trigger
configuring.................................................................... 106
connections .................................................................. 106
F
fault output
configuring.................................................................... 107
connections .................................................................. 107
ferrite core........................................................................... 30
fetch commands ................................................................ 77
frequency, 400 Hz .............................................................. 29
front panel
contrast ........................................................................... 97
display ............................................................................. 12
keys .................................................................................. 13
lockout............................................................................. 96
menus .............................................................................. 14
screen saver ................................................................... 97
view ................................................................................. 97
Appendix E
Source Operating Modes
front panel menu
exiting ............................................................................. 49
using ................................................................................ 48
G
GPIB interface .................................................................... 50
address ........................................................................... 50
ground
earth ................................................................................ 26
redundant ....................................................................... 29
groups
channel ........................................................................... 95
view ................................................................................. 12
guard connections ............................................................. 34
H
Hanning ............................................................................... 81
Help ................................................................................ 48, 49
history .................................................................................... 2
I
INH ....................................................................................... 13
inhibit input
configuring ................................................................... 107
connections ................................................................. 107
inspection ........................................................................... 25
installation .......................................................................... 26
instrument
identification .................................................................. 94
storing states ................................................................. 94
IO .................................................................................... 12, 50
IP address ........................................................................... 54
items supplied .................................................................... 25
L
LAN interface .................................................. 12, 51, 52, 53
parameters ..................................................................... 54
private ............................................................................. 52
site ................................................................................... 52
sockets ............................................................................ 58
Telnet .............................................................................. 58
list
arbitrary........................................................................... 75
programming.................................................................. 72
load connections ............................................................... 31
lockout, front panel ........................................................... 96
126
M
measure commands .......................................................... 77
measurement
seamless autoranging ............................................80, 91
measurement features........................................................ 9
measurement trigger
generate .......................................................................... 85
initiate ............................................................................. 84
source .............................................................................. 83
measurements
arrays ............................................................................... 82
converter ......................................................................... 83
Hanning window ........................................................... 81
Rectangular window ..................................................... 81
sample interval .............................................................. 80
simultaneous V and I.................................................... 78
Menu .................................................................................... 48
model differences .............................................................. 10
model numbers .................................................................. 24
multiple load connections ................................................ 35
N
N6781A
auxiliary measurements ............................................... 78
resistance programming .............................................. 66
N678xA
digitizing speed .............................................................. 80
wire length requirements ............................................ 33
non-volatile RAM settings ............................................... 59
O
OC ......................................................................................... 13
OFF........................................................................................ 13
options ................................................................................. 24
oscillation protection ........................................................ 89
OT ......................................................................................... 13
outline diagram ......................................................... 26, 102
output
bandwidth ....................................................................... 66
enable ................................................................. 47, 64, 65
features ............................................................................. 8
groups........................................................................39, 95
noise ................................................................................ 37
polarity reversal ............................................................. 65
pulse ................................................................................ 73
quadrant ........................................................................ 122
resistance ....................................................................... 66
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Source Operating Modes
state .............................................................................. 108
step .................................................................................. 68
turn-off ............................................................................ 67
turn-on delay.................................................................. 65
output trigger
enable.............................................................................. 68
generate.......................................................................... 70
initiate ............................................................................. 69
level ................................................................................. 68
source ............................................................................. 69
outputs in parallel ............................................................. 39
outputs in series ................................................................ 41
OV ......................................................................................... 13
over-current protection .................................................... 87
over-voltage protection .............................................. 37, 86
local ................................................................................. 37
setting ............................................................................. 48
tracking ........................................................................... 86
P
parallel outputs .................................................................. 95
password ............................................................................. 59
front panel ...................................................................... 96
PF.......................................................................................... 13
power allocation .............................................................. 110
power cord, connecting.................................................... 30
power factor 400 Hz .......................................................... 29
power receptacle ............................................................... 26
pre-trigger data .................................................................. 81
print date ............................................................................... 2
priority mode .................................................................... 122
PROT .................................................................................... 13
protection
clearing ........................................................................... 89
coupling .......................................................................... 88
functions ......................................................................... 86
watchdog timer ............................................................. 88
pulse .................................................................................... 73
R
rack mounting .................................................................... 28
tools required................................................................. 28
Rectangular ........................................................................ 81
relay, output ....................................................................... 65
remote interface
factory settings ............................................................. 59
securing .......................................................................... 59
remote sensing .................................................................. 36
Series N6700 User’s Guide
Appendix E
reset states ......................................................................... 22
resistance ............................................................................ 66
S
safety...................................................................................... 3
class................................................................................. 26
warning ........................................................................... 26
sample interval .............................................................80, 91
SCPI
common commands ..................................................... 21
subsystem commands ................................................. 16
screen saver ....................................................................... 97
self-test ................................................................................ 94
sense leads, open .............................................................. 37
sensitive loads.................................................................... 42
sockets................................................................................. 58
specifications
characteristics ............................................................... 99
SRQ ....................................................................................... 58
step programming.............................................................. 68
storing states ...................................................................... 94
subnet mask .................................................................54, 55
support rails ........................................................................ 28
switching transients.......................................................... 42
synchronizing measurements ......................................... 83
system features.................................................................... 9
system protection
clearing.......................................................................... 108
connections .................................................................. 108
T
Telnet ................................................................................... 58
test extensions .............................................................72, 79
transient trigger ................................................................. 71
turn-off state ....................................................................... 67
turn-on delay....................................................................... 65
U
ungroup................................................................................ 95
UNR ...................................................................................... 13
updates .................................................................................. 6
USB interface ..................................................................... 51
V
voltage
measurement range ...................................................... 77
priority mode .................................................................. 63
127
Appendix E
Source Operating Modes
returning voltage data.................................................. 82
setting ....................................................................... 46, 62
slew rate ......................................................................... 64
voltage priority ................................................................. 122
128
W
Warning ................................................................................. 3
watchdog timer .................................................................. 88
Web server .......................................................................... 57
Web URL’s ............................................................................ 4
wire sizes ............................................................................ 32
Series N6700 User’s Guide
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