What is a PLC?

What is a PLC?
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
What is a Programmable Controller?
What are programmable
controllers and how do
they work?
Programmable controllers are often
defined as miniature industrial computers
that contain hardware and software used
to perform control functions. A controller
consists of two basic sections: the central
processing unit (CPU) and the input/
output interface system. The CPU, which
controls all system activity, can further
be broken down into the processor and
memory system. The input/output system is
physically connected to field devices (e.g.,
switches, sensors, etc.) and provides the
interface between the CPU and the information providers (inputs) and controllable
devices (outputs).
To operate, the CPU “reads” input data
from connected field devices through
the use of its input interfaces, and then
“executes” or performs the control program
that has been stored in its memory system.
Programs are typically created in ladder
logic, a language that closely resembles
a relay-based wiring schematic, and are
entered into the CPU’s memory prior to
operation. Finally, based on the program,
the PLC “writes” or updates output devices
via the output interfaces. This process, also
known as scanning, typically continues in
the same sequence without interruption,
and changes only when a change is made
to the control program.
Discrete applications
Today’s controllers
Programmable controllers are often used
to control machines or processes that are
sequential in nature, using “discrete” inputs
and outputs that have defined states. For
example, if a limit switch detects the presence of an object, it provides an “ON”
signal to the PLC; if no object is detected,
it provides an “OFF” signal. The machine
or device typically performs actions based
on time or events in a pre-defined order.
The expected sequence is typically interrupted only when an abnormal condition
occurs.
Initially, devices that exhibited the attributes discussed here were known as
Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs).
This tended to emphasize that the main
functionality of these systems was LOGIC
operations. As technology has advanced,
so have programming languages and
communications capabilities, along with
many other important features. These
developments seemed to demand the
definition of a new class of controller, the
Programmable Automation Controller
(PAC), which combines features of
traditional PLCs with those of personal
computers.
Process control applications
Programmable controllers can also
control continuous processes that use
analog I/O. For example, a temperature
sensor may provide a variable signal, such
as 0-10 volts, based on the measurement
of an actual temperature. The controller
program monitors the sensed values
continuously and operates devices that
may also be analog in nature. This could
include setting the position of a valve
between 0-100% open, or controlling the
speed of a motor. Continuous applications are so called because they typically
have no defined start or end once they
are initiated; they maintain a process in a
“steady” operating state.
In the past, size was typically used to
categorize controllers, and was often
an indication of the features and types
of applications it would accommodate.
Small, non-modular PLCs (also known
as fixed I/O PLCs) generally have less
memory and accommodate a small
number of inputs and outputs in fixed
configurations. Modular PLCs have bases
or racks that allow installation of multiple
I/O modules, and will accommodate more
complex applications. With the emergence
of PACs, functionality is the determining
factor in categorizing controllers.
Which programmable
controller is right for you?
Choosing the most effective controller for
your application depends on a number of
factors. To begin the selection process,
a drawing of the machine or process is
a good start. This can help identify field
devices and physical requirements for
hardware locations. From the drawing,
you can determine how many analog and/
or discrete devices you will have.
Once the field device requirements and
hardware locations are defined, you can
review controllers that will meet your
requirements. See the Controller Selection
Worksheet in this section that will help you
work through the considerations for determining the type of controller you will need,
regardless of which manufacturers you are
evaluating.
Book 1 (14.3)
eCS-2
Control Systems Overview
1-800-633-0405
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
PLC vs. PAC vs. PC-based Control
The most common control systems today
are the Programmable Logic Controller
(PLC), PC-based control, and the most
recent addition, the Programmable
Automation Controller (PAC). While they
each share a few attributes with the others, their differences lie mainly in form
factor and functionality.
•Data exchange with business
applications (spreadsheets,
ERP systems)
•One or more third-party PC cards, such
as those for motion control or vision
systems
•Communication with serial or
networked field devices
•Storage or access to large amounts of
data
•Large number of PID loops (64 or more)
•Open architecture for C/C++ or
VisualBasic systems
•Online productivity tools to analyze
and improve performance of the
process
Programmable Logic Controller
The Farlex Dictionary defines a PLC
as follows: “A programmable microprocessor-based device that is used in discrete manufacturing to control assembly
lines and machinery on the shop floor
as well as many other types of mechanical, electrical and electronic equipment
in a plant. Typically RISC based and
programmed in a specific-purpose
programming language, a PLC is
designed for realtime use in rugged,
industrial environments. Connected
to sensors and actuators, PLCs are
categorized by the number and type of
I/O ports they provide and by their I/O
scan rate.”
PLCs excel at sequential logic and basic
analog control. Their modularity and
ruggedness make them suitable for a
wide variety of automation applications.
PC-based Control
With Personal Computer technology
booming in the 1980s and 1990s, there
was a natural progression to consider
using the processing power in these units
to solve more complicated applications
that extended well beyond the realm
of digital and analog I/O manipulation. These more advanced capabilites
could be performed far more efficiently
by hardware and software native to
the commercial personal computer.
Examples of these requirements include:
Company
Information
This hybrid arose not only to solve
complex applications with the speed and
processing power of a PC-based system,
but to do it on a platform capable of
withstanding the environmental pounding that PLCs have been subjected to for
many years.
Ideally, a PAC encompasses the following
features:
PLC Feel
• Modular footprint
• Industrial reliability
•W
ide array of I/O modules
and system configurations
PC Power
• L arge memory and
fast processing
•H
igh-level data handling
and enterprise connectivity
• E xtensive communications
capability, multiple protocols and
field networks
PACs are most often used for
advanced machine control, process
control, data acquisition and equipment
monitoring.
In a PC-based control system, a standard operating system such as Windows
NT supports HMI and control software
running on a PC platform, either a
readily available commerical model or
an industrially hardened unit. PC architecture allows the system to seamlessly
support a variety of third-party I/O,
specialty motion and vision systems, and
field networks.
Programmable Automation Controller A programmable automation controller
is a compact controller that combines the
features and capabilities of a PC-based
control system with that of a typical programmable logic controller (PLC).
Although each PAC vendor uses their
own development environment (IDE) and
programming language, PAC networking
is typically based on IP and Ethernet.
This class of controller provides more
memory capacity and processing power
which allows for better data processing
capabilities, and connectivity to enterprise
business systems from the plant floor.
Additionally, PACs offer the benefit
of easy integration for multi-domain
systems comprising Human Machine
Interface (HMI), discrete control and
process control.
•The need for a Human Machine
Interface (HMI) as well as control
•Advanced data manipulation and
advanced math functions
Book 1 (14.3)
www.automationdirect.com
Control Systems Overview
eCS-3
Control Systems
Overview
CLICK PLC
Do-More
PLCs Overview
Do-More H2
PLC
Do-More T1H
PLC
DirectLOGIC
PLCs Overview
DirectLOGIC
DL05/06
DirectLOGIC
DL105
DirectLOGIC
DL205
DirectLOGIC
DL305
DirectLOGIC
DL405
Productivity
Controller
Overview
Productivity
3000
Universal
Field I/O
Software
C-More
HMI
C-More Micro
HMI
ViewMarq
Industrial
Marquees
Other HMI
Communications
Appendix
Book 1
Terms and
Conditions
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Considerations for Choosing a Controller
Use the worksheet on the following pages as a checklist of the things to consider when determining
programmable controller requirements. It lists the most important areas to consider when choosing a
system, and provides space for recording determinations of your system needs.
Consideration
Information to Record
1.
____ New system
Proposed System
_____ Existing
system
Why this is important
Determine whether your system is new or existing: Will your system
be installed from scratch or are there existing products already
installed? The rest of your system will need to be compatible with
new components.
Why this is important: Certain controller products may not be
compatible with others. Making sure your existing products are
compatible with any new products you are researching will save
you time and money. Check appropriate entry.
Consider any environmental issues that will affect your application
(temperature, dust, vibration, codes specific to your facility, etc.).
2.
Environmental
Issues
____ No codes or
____
environmental
Codes/environmental
issues to conissues to consider
sider
Why this is important: Certain environments may affect the operation of a controller. For example, typical controllers have an operating temperature of 0-55 degrees Celsius (32-130 degrees F).
If your application will include any extreme environmental conditions, or you have specific codes at your facility that must be met,
you will need to either research products that meet those specifications or design the installation to meet requirements. Check
appropriate entry.
Determine how many discrete devices your system will have. Which
types (AC, DC, etc.) are needed?
_____ Total inputs:
3.
Discrete Devices
_____ AC
_____ DC
_____ Total inputs:
____ Voltage
4.
Analog Devices
____ Current
____ Thermo
____ RTD
_____ Total outputs: Why this is important: The number and type of devices your system
will include is directly linked to the amount of I/O that will be
_____ AC
necessary for your system. You will need to choose a controller
_____ DC
that supports your I/O count requirements and has modules that
support your signal types. Enter quantities and type based on corresponding field devices.
Determine how many analog devices your system will have.
_____ Total outputs: Which types (voltage, current, temperature, etc.) are needed?
____ Voltage Why this is important: The number and type of devices your system
will include is directly linked to the amount of I/O that will be
____ Current necessary for your system. You will need to choose a controller
that supports your I/O count requirements and has modules that
support your signal types. Enter quantities and type based on corresponding field devices.
_____ High speed counter
5.
Specialty
Modules or
Features
(applicationspecific)
_____ Positioning
_____ Servo/stepper
_____ BASIC programming
_____ Real-time clock
_____ Others (list)
Determine whether your system will require any specialty features:
Will your application require high-speed counting or positioning?
What about a real-time clock or other specialty feature?
Why this is important: Specialty functions are not necessarily
available in a controller CPU or in standard I/O modules.
Understanding the special functions your system may perform will
help you determine whether or not you will need to purchase additional specialty modules. Check all features required.
Table continued on the following page
Book 1 (14.3)
eCS-4
Control Systems Overview
1-800-633-0405
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Considerations for Choosing a Controller
Company
Information
Control Systems
Overview
Consideration
Information to Record
Hardware requirements:
________ K program memory
required
(estimated)
________ K data memory required
(estimated)
______ Fast scan time required?
6.
CPU Required
______ Battery backup required?
Software/special function
requirements:
Why this is important
CLICK PLC
Determine the type of CPU you will need: How much memory will your
system require? How many devices will your system have (determines data
memory)? How large is your program, and what types of instructions will
your program include (determines program memory)? How fast a scan time
do you need?
Why this is important: Data memory refers to the amount of memory
needed for dynamic data manipulation and storage in the system. For
example, counter and timer instructions typically use data memory to store
setpoints, current values, and other internal flags. If the application requires
historical data retention, such as measured device values over a long period
of time, the size of the data tables required may determine the CPU model
you choose. Program memory is the amount of memory needed to store the
sequence of program instructions that have been selected to perform the
application. Each type of instruction requires a specific amount of program
memory, typically defined in a programming manual. Applications that
are basically sequential in nature can rely on the I/O device rule of thumb
to estimate program memory (five words of memory for each I/O device);
complex applications will be more difficult to judge.
If scan time is important in your application, consider the CPU processor
speed as well as instruction execution speed. Some CPUs are faster at
boolean logic but slower with data handling instructions.
____ PID
____ Floating Point Math
Others (see Programming section
below)
If special functions such as PID are required, the CPU you select may make
those functions easier to perform.
For program memory required, follow this rule of thumb: 5 words of
program memory for each discrete device and 25 words for each analog
device. Check or calculate all requirements that apply.
Determine where your I/O will be located: Will your system require only
local I/O, or both local and remote I/O locations?
7.
I/O Locations
_______
Local …
only
_______ Remote Locations Why this is important: If subsystems will be needed at long distances from
the CPU, you will need a controller that supports remote I/O. You will
also have to determine if the remote distances and speeds supported will
Specific remote I/O protobe adequate for your application. Serial and Ethernet-based I/O hardcol required? Which one?
ware are two typical choices available for most systems. This I/O may also
be referred to as distributed I/O, and may require a particular protocol,
____________________
such as Modbus.
Enter number of physical locations needed, and if/what specific protocol
may be required.
_____ Ethernet
_____ PLC to PLC
8.
Communications
_____ Modbus RTU
_____ ASCII (interface to serial devices)
_____ Other
_____ PID loops
9.
Programming
_____
_____ number of loops
Floating
needed
point math
_____
Drum
sequencer
_____ Subroutines
_____ Direct interrupts
_____ Others (list)
Determine your communication requirements: Will your system
be communicating to other networks, systems or field devices?
Why this is important: Communication ports (other than the programming port) are not always included with a controller. Knowing your system
communication requirements will help you choose a CPU that supports
your communication requirements, or additional communication modules
if necessary. Check any/all communications functions required.
Determine your programming requirements: Does your application require
only traditional programming instructions, or are special instructions necessary?
Why this is important: Certain controllers may not support every type of
instruction. You will need to choose a model that supports all instructions that
you may need for a specific application. For example, built-in PID functions
are much easier to use than writing your own code to perform closed-loop
process control. Typical instructions such as timers, counters, etc. are available in most controllers; note any other special instructions required here.
Check any/all programming functions required.
Book 1 (14.3)
www.automationdirect.com
Control Systems Overview
eCS-5
Do-More
PLCs Overview
Do-More H2
PLC
Do-More T1H
PLC
DirectLOGIC
PLCs Overview
DirectLOGIC
DL05/06
DirectLOGIC
DL105
DirectLOGIC
DL205
DirectLOGIC
DL305
DirectLOGIC
DL405
Productivity
Controller
Overview
Productivity
3000
Universal
Field I/O
Software
C-More
HMI
C-More Micro
HMI
ViewMarq
Industrial
Marquees
Other HMI
Communications
Appendix
Book 1
Terms and
Conditions
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Programmable Controller Summary
Those making the buying decisions for Programmable Controller
applications can have very different needs. We offer a selection of controller families that can fit a variety of applications.
Regardless if you are a newcomer to programmable controllers or if you
are a seasoned veteran; whether you need simple discrete control or if
you need to calculate complex algorithms lightning fast, we have a controller family that is perfect for you.
CLICK: Our best value PLC
Easy for new user
The CLICK PLC is becoming one of
the industry’s favorite control systems in the
142 I/O or less category.
Basic
machine control
Lowest cost
Simple analog
Basic PLCs:
•
•
•
•
8 DC In / 6 DC Out (sinking)
8 DC In / 6 DC Out (sourcing)
8 DC In / 6 Relay Out
8 AC In / 6 Relay Out
• 4 DC In / 4 DC Out (sinking),
2 Analog In, 2 Analog Out
(current/voltage selectable)
• 4 DC In / 4 DC Out (sourcing),
2 Analog In, 2 Analog Out
(current/voltage selectable)
CPU
w/ built-in Ethernet
• Cost effective hardware
• Documentation can be stored on
board
• Built-in communications include
USB programming, serial, and
(optional) Ethernet
• Practical counting/pulse
• Ethernet-connected expansion I/O
• High-performance processors
Advanced discrete
Process control
Expandability
FREE Software
• FREE programming software
(with built-in simulator)
• Powerful control over program
execution
• Enhanced troubleshooting tools
• FREE online training with coupon
• Starter kits available
Productivity Series: Premium features at a value price
Advanced discrete
and process
The Productivity controllers shatter the price per feature paradigm in every category,
with prices that can’t be beat and a two-year warranty on all modules.
Data collection
Extensive
communication
Built-in data
displays
Web Server
FREE Software
Ethernet
FREE Software*
• 4 DC In / 4 Relay Out,
2 Analog In, 2 Analog Out
(current/voltage selectable)
Do-more is a micro-modular PLC that leverages our most
flexible I/O systems to create an incredibly powerful PLC
at a fraction of the cost of comparable controllers.
H2 works with most
DL205 I/O modules.
T1H works with most
Terminator I/O.
Expandability
8 DC In / 6 DC Out (sinking)
8 DC In / 6 DC Out (sourcing)
8 DC In / 6 Relay Out
8 AC In / 6 Relay Out
Do-more H2 and T1H Series CPUs: Spend Less, Do More!
Fast CPU
Basic
process control
•
•
•
•
Analog PLCs:
FREE Software
Advanced discrete
Standard PLCs:
• Built-in communication ports (two in Basic
PLC units, three in Standard and Analog PLC units)
• Optional battery backup
(Standard and Analog PLCs units only)
• Real time clock/calendar
(Standard and Analog PLCs units only)
• Removable terminal blocks for easy wiring
• Stackable discrete and analog I/O option
modules (DIN-rail or panel mountable)
• Program AND documentation stored in PLC unit
• Decimal memory addressing
• 21 easy-to-use instructions
• 8,000 steps of program memory
DirectLOGIC: Long-running PLCs
• Auto discovery of hardware, including remote
I/O bases (P3000 only) and GS drives when
connected to the Ethernet remote I/O network
• Tag name database programming
• Task management
• Advanced “fill-in-the-blank” instructions
• Seamless corporate database connectivity
• Run-time editing and project transfer
• Project file, tag database and ladder
documentation stored in the CPU
• FREE Productivity Suite software
Six PLC platforms to choose from in the DirectLOGIC family:
• DL05 stand-alone brick with one option slot (30 I/O max)
• DL06 stand-alone brick with 4 option slots (100 I/O max)
• DL105 stand-alone brick with high amp relays (18 I/O max)
All platforms use the same DirectSOFT programming software, so
• DL205 powerful modular PLC with the most available option modules
your investment is protected.
(up to 16,384 I/O max)
• DL305 time tested, legacy control platform (up to 368 I/O max)
• DL405 time tested, legacy control platform (up to 16,384 I/O max)
DirectLOGIC PLCs (nano fixed I/O to modular units) are industry
workhorses, time-tested in some of the toughest industrial settings.
*100-word program limitation,
$395 for unlimited program sizes
Book 1 (14.3)
eCS-6
Control Systems Overview
1-800-633-0405
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Application Briefs
Company
Information
DL06 PLC puts heaters to
the test
Semi cab sheeting
production improved
Pyromatics Automation Systems of Crystal
Lake, Il. was contracted by a customer to
develop a Life Cycle Test Station for its
electric heating elements.
ITS, a design build firm in Columbus, Ohio
specializes in industrial automation. The
company was contacted by a division of
International Harvester responsible for the
manufacturing of semi cabs. International
Harvester uses automated machines to
place aluminum rivets on sheeting that is
attached to the frame of the semi cabs. The
original CNC machines were becoming
antiquated and needed to be upgraded.
This test station needed a user-friendly
graphical interface to give operators the
ability to select multiple ramp/soak parameters, output voltages, temperature sensor
types, amperage ratings and total cycle
counts on tests for the cast-in electric heater platens. The system also needed to
record temperature, volts, and current draw
throughout the test for use in quality reports.
Also, a failure of the heater required a safe
shutdown of the test while alerting the quality department of the alarm condition.
The completed system allows users to quickly connect the heater to be tested, enter test
parameters, and run the test. Trend charts
on the C-more panel track test parameters
and quickly identify potential issues such as
sudden drops in current or temperature.
Alarm reporting and history are also automatically recorded, allowing the operator to
determine causes of failure. Data from the
test can be easily uploaded to a USB thumb
drive from the C-more panel. The data can
then be imported into the user’s choice of
word processor or spreadsheet.
Lockhart Power Company owns and
operates a hydroelectric plant located on
the Broad River in upstate South Carolina.
CLICK PLC
Do-More
PLCs Overview
Do-More H2
PLC
Do-More T1H
PLC
DirectLOGIC
PLCs Overview
DirectLOGIC
DL05/06
DirectLOGIC
DL105
DirectLOGIC
DL205
The plant includes an 8-gate dam feeding
a canal that channels the water flow to the
powerhouse. The powerhouse contains
five turbine generators with a combined
power capacity of over 17 MW. The
dam and turbine control system receives
data from power, flow, and level sensing
devices to perform monitoring and control of the dam, generators, and associated equipment.
Pyromatics selected the cost-effective
DirectLOGIC® DL06 PLC as the heart of
the system because of its ability to control
up to eight PID loops and the multiple
expansion slots available for thermocouple
cards and analog input modules. It also
controls two heaters, two chillers and an
array of panel indicators, buttons, switches
and relays.
A C-more 10-inch TFT touch-screen operator interface was used to provide operators
with the necessary interface to operate and
monitor the tests.
Cost-effective I/O
simplifies hydroelectric
plant controls upgrade
Control Systems
Overview
ITS chose a DL205 PLC as the new controller for the machines, along with discrete
I/O and an H2-CTRIO high-speed counter
module that drives a dual axis servo. An
H2-ECOM Ethernet Communications card
links the machines back to an office for data
acquisition. ITS also added a 15-inch touch
screen for diagnostics.
In the new system, an operator stamps
sheets of aluminum to welded framework
with a handful of hand rivets and then
places the product onto a dual axis servo
table. After the operator selects one of five
different parts programs, the machine will
navigate the panel under the head assembly, which is responsible for the drilling
and riveting, with a tolerance of 1/10 of a
millimeter. The panel is drilled and a rivet
is installed and squeezed to approximately
1200 PSI, producing a rivet consistency
within .003 in. After completion of the panel
(between 64 and 138 rivet locations), the
machine will return to its home position and
await the next product.
The solution increased productivity by
approximately 30% and provides an easy
way to run and maintain the machines.
Lockhart Power contracted North Fork
Electric in Crumpler, NC, to lend their
expertise to a renovation of the conrtol
system.
The system consists of seven DirectLOGIC
DL205 micro-modular PLCs with built in
PID functionality. Each of the five systems
for generator control includes discrete
and analog I/O, and an Ethernet communications module. The remaining two
PLCs are configured in a master/slave
arrangement and control the dam gates,
located upriver from the powerhouse,
via radio modems. Operator interfaces
include two 6-inch color touch screen
panels and a Windows NT-based PC
running the LookoutDirect SCADA/HMI
software package.
In the automatic mode, the PLC can start,
stop, and operate the generator, and
control startup and synchronization of
the turbine. Changing the generator gate
position varies the flow of water to the
turbine.
The dam control system controls the eight
canal gates located at the dam, which
regulate the flow of water downstream to
the turbines.
Book 1 (14.3)
www.automationdirect.com
Control Systems Overview
eCS-7
DirectLOGIC
DL305
DirectLOGIC
DL405
Productivity
Controller
Overview
Productivity
3000
Universal
Field I/O
Software
C-More
HMI
C-More Micro
HMI
ViewMarq
Industrial
Marquees
Other HMI
Communications
Appendix
Book 1
Terms and
Conditions
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Programmable Controller Selection Guide
4
4
Standard CPU 8 In/6 Out
142
142
4
4
4
4
140
140
4
4
4
4
H2-DM1
256
65,536
4
4
4
4
4
H2-DM1E
256
65,536
4
4
4
4
4
T1H-DM1
256
65,536
4
4
4
4
4
T1H-DM1E
256
65,536
4
4
4
4
4
4
4 4
P2-550 CPU
240
240
4
4
4
4
4
4p 4
4
4
4
P3-550 CPU
3520 59,840
4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4
4
4
4
P3-530 CPU
3520
4
4
4
4
4 4
4
4
Analog CPU
4 In/4 Out 2 In/2 Out
3520
Built-In Remote I/O
4
Analog
In & Out
142
AC, DC,
Relay I/O
142
Series / CPU
8 In/6 Out
Basic CPU
4
4
4 4
4
4
4
4
l DeviceNet & ProfiBus Slave modules for the DL205 series are installed in place of
the CPU in the CPU slot
j Scan time is based on type and amount of ladder logic instructions and
total system I/O
k Scan times may vary during Run-Time Transfers
m High Speed inputs available on DC input models / Pulse output available on
DC output models
n RS-485 for Modbus protocol only
 The Ethernet ports on the H2-DM1E and T1H-DM1E allow expansion beyond the
local base.
p GS Drives only
Book 1 (14.3)
eCS-8
Modbus TCP Ethernet Protocol
Built-In RS-485 Multi-drop port
Built-In RS-422 Multi-drop port
Built-In RS-232 Serial port
Built-In Local I/O Expansion Ports
Built-In Ethernet & USB
High-speed I/O modules with
Motion Control
16 PID loops, Complex Math formulas &/or Array Manipulation
Analog I/O, Simple Math
and data manipulation
CPU Communications
Digital I/O & Simple
Logic Requirements
Stage Programming
(State Machine Control)
Process High-Speed
Control and Motion
Total Possible I/O
Built-In I/O
I/O Capacity
Local I/O
(with Expansion)
Productivity
Do-more
CLICK PLC
Controller Family
Selection Criteria
Basic
Machine
Control
Control Systems Overview
1-800-633-0405
4
Programmable Controller Selection Guide
Company
Information
Control Systems
Overview
CLICK PLC
Communications and
Specialty Modues
Ports & Protocols
Programmability
Do-More
PLCs Overview
4
4
4 4
8k steps
Sub-Divided Program Tasks
Email Instruction
Drum Sequencer
Freeform Expressions in Math
Floating point Math
Built-in High Speed Counter
& Pulse Output
Run-Time Transfer
(Scan updates during transfer)
Run Mode Edits
(Outputs pause during transfer)
Stage Programming
Battery Backed Memory
Clock / Calendar
Total Memory
DeviceNet/Profibus Slaves
Ethernet or Serial Remote I/O
Basic Coprocessor
Serial RS-232 & RS-485
Ethernet (10/100 Mb)
ASCII IN
ASCII Out
DirectNet Master
DirectNet Slave
K-Sequence Slave
Modbus RTU Master
Do-More H2
PLC
Modbus RTU Slave
EtherNet/IP
4
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
4 4 4
4
4
4 4 4
4
4
4 4 4
4
4
4 4
4
4
4 4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4
4
262kb
4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4 4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4
4
262kb
4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4 4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4
4
262kb
4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4 4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4
4
262kb
4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4 4
4
4
50Mb
4
4k
4 4 4 4 4
4
DirectLOGIC
PLCs Overview
DirectLOGIC
DL05/06
DirectLOGIC
DL105
DirectLOGIC
DL205
4
4 4
Do-More T1H
PLC
DirectLOGIC
DL305
DirectLOGIC
DL405
Productivity
Controller
Overview
Productivity
3000
Universal
Field I/O
Software
C-More
HMI
C-More Micro
HMI
ViewMarq
Industrial
Marquees
4
4
4 4
4
4
50Mb
4
4k
4 4 4 4 4
Other HMI
Communications
4
4
4 4
4
25Mb
4
4k
4 4 4 4 4
Appendix
Book 1
Terms and
Conditions
Book 1 (14.3)
www.automationdirect.com
Control Systems Overview
eCS-9
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Programmable Controller Selection Guide
4
4
4
4
4
All CPUs
20 In/
16 Out
100
100
4
4
4
4
4 4 4
All CPUs
10 In/
8 Out
n/a
18
4
4
D2-230
256
256
D2-240
256
896
D2-250-1
768
16,384*
D2-260
1280
16,384*
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
D3-330
176
176
4
4
D3-340
184
184
4
4
D3-350
368
368
4
4
640
1664
4
4
4
D4-440
640
2688
D4-450
2048
16,384*
4
4
4
4
4
4 4
4 4 4 4
Analog
In & Out
AC, DC,
Relay I/O
Series / CPU
DL205
DL305
DL405
D4-430
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4
4
4
4
4
4 4 4
4 4 4 4n
4
4
* 16384 (fully expanded H4-EBC slave bases, using V-memory & bit of word
instructions)
l DeviceNet & ProfiBus Slave modules for the DL205 series are installed in place of
j Scan time is based on type and amount of ladder logic instructions and
m High Speed inputs available on DC input models / Pulse output available on
total system I/O
k Scan times may vary during Run-Time Transfers
Modbus TCP Ethernet Protocol
Built-In RS-485 Multi-drop port
Built-In RS-422 Multi-drop port
Analog I/O, Simple Math
and data manipulation
Built-In RS-232 Serial port
Stage Programming
(State Machine Control)
30
Built-In Remote I/O
Digital I/O & Simple
Logic Requirements
Built-In Local I/O Expansion Ports
Total Possible I/O
30
Built-In Ethernet & USB
Local I/O
(with Expansion)
8 In/6 Out
Built-In I/O
DL05
High-speed I/O modules with
Motion Control
CPU Communications
DL06
>16 PID loops, Complex Math formulas &/or Array Manipulation
Process High-Speed
Control and Motion
All CPUs
Controller Family
DirectLOGIC
I/O Capacity
DL105
Selection Criteria
Basic
Machine
Control
the CPU in the CPU slot
DC output models
n RS-485 for Modbus protocol only
 The Ethernet ports on the H2-DM1E and T1H-DM1E allow expansion beyond the
local base.
Book 1 (14.3)
eCS-10
Control Systems Overview
1-800-633-0405
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Programmable Controller Selection Guide
Company
Information
Control Systems
Overview
CLICK PLC
Sub-Divided Program Tasks
Email Instruction
Drum Sequencer
Do-More
PLCs Overview
Freeform Expressions in Math
Floating point Math
Built-in High Speed Counter
& Pulse Output
Run-Time Transfer
(Scan updates during transfer)
Run Mode Edits
(Outputs pause during transfer)
Stage Programming
Battery Backed Memory
Clock / Calendar
Programmability
Total Memory
DeviceNet/Profibus Slaves
Ethernet or Serial Remote I/O
Basic Coprocessor
Serial RS-232 & RS-485
ASCII IN
ASCII Out
DirectNet Master
DirectNet Slave
K-Sequence Slave
Modbus RTU Master
Modbus RTU Slave
Ethernet (10/100 Mb)
Communications and
Specialty Modues
Ports & Protocols
Do-More H2
PLC
Do-More T1H
PLC
DirectLOGIC
PLCs Overview
DirectLOGIC
DL05/06
DirectLOGIC
DL105
DirectLOGIC
DL205
4
4
4 4 4 4
4 4 4
4
6.0k
4
4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4
14.8k
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4l
4
4
4
4
4
4m
4
4
4m 4 4 4 4
2.4k
4
4
4m
2.4k
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4l 3.8k
4l 14.8k
4l 30.4k
4
4
4
4
4 4 4
4
DirectLOGIC
DL305
DirectLOGIC
DL405
Productivity
Controller
Overview
Productivity
3000
4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4
Universal
Field I/O
Software
4 4
3.8k
C-More
HMI
4
3.9k
C-More Micro
HMI
4 4 4 4
4
14.8k
4
4
4
4 4
4 4 4
4
6.5k
4
4
4
4 4
4 4 4 4
4 4 4
4
4
22.5k
4
4
4
30.8k
4
4
4
4 4 4
4
4
4
4 4 4 4
ViewMarq
Industrial
Marquees
Other HMI
Communications
Appendix
Book 1
Terms and
Conditions
Book 1 (14.3)
www.automationdirect.com
Control Systems Overview
eCS-11
Prices as of April 15, 2015. Check Web site for most current prices.
Get The Training You Need,
When And Where You Need It
Doug Bell and
InterConnecting
Automation, Inc.
Interested in a PLC training course focused entirely
on AUTOMATIONDIRECT’s products, taught by
someone who has used most of our products in
real-world applications? Would it be extra convenient if the training was held in a city near you?
We thought so! Doug’s offering includes:
• Basic PLC training course (three days)
covering basic PLC theory of operation
including CPU, bases, discrete I/O,
analog I/O, and communications
• Advanced PLC training course (three days)
covering advanced programming and
debugging, with remote I/O, networking,
modems and more
• PID training course (two days) covering
PID loop setup, tuning and troubleshooting,
as well as shortcuts and tools the experts use
Go online to:
www.interconnectingautomation.com
for a complete schedule.
Training sets
Available on DVD and in Spanish
Want to learn how to program our PLCs in
the comfort of your own office? Doug Bell
has created two hands-on training kits, one
based on his world-famous basic PLC training
class, the other focusing on PLC analog principles. The basic PLC training kit includes two
videotapes or one DVD, a pre-wired trainer
containing a DL05 PLC, and the DL05 User
Manual.
The analog training kit includes two videotapes or one DVD, a pre-wired trainer with
potentiometers and meters, a DL05 analog
input/output module, I/O cable and 24 VDC
power supply. Each kit can be ordered directly
from ICA.
“Introduction to PLC Logic and
Principles” video or DVD and
training kit
Get the most important lessons from the
three-day basic PLC seminar in a step-bystep two-video or DVD set.
“PLC analog I/O” training video
or DVD and hardware
Learn the ins and outs of using analog I/O
with PLCs in this step-by-step training set.
Check the Appendix for complete descriptions of the training kits and course contents.
Online training at www.interconnectingautomation.com
View the complete list of videos in each “library” as well as watch sample videos;
when ready to purchase, register and pay for your selected libraries on a monthly
basis. Get unlimited access anytime during the 30 days; videos can be viewed as
many times as needed. Most libraries range from $29.95 - $39.95 per month.
Typical libraries include:
• Introduction to PLC Principles (for the novice non-user with limited
controls knowledge)
• Do-More series PLC Training (includes Introduction to PLCs library)
(DirectSOFT programming software must be
purchased separately.)
• Productivity2000 series PLC Training (includes Introduction to PLCs library)
Online training
• Productivity3000 series Controller Training
If you can’t travel and can’t justify a training kit,
how about inexpensive online training? Check out
Doug’s online training videos for PLCs and HMI.
• CLICK series PLC Training (includes Introduction to PLCs library)
Libraries will be added on a continuing basis.
Interconnecting Automation
1-414-425-8348
www.interconnectingautomation.com
Book 1 (14.3)
eCS-12
Control Systems Overview
1-800-633-0405
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