O M 50/144/430 MHz PERATING
50/144/430 MHz
TRIPLE-BAND HEAVY DUTY
SUBMERSIBLE TRANSCEIVER
OPERATING MANUAL
Downloaded by
RadioAmateur.EU
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
VERTEX STANDARD
US Headquarters
17210 Edwards Rd., Cerritos, CA 90703, U.S.A.
International Division
8350 N.W. 52nd Terrace, Suite 201, Miami, FL 33166, U.S.A.
YAESU EUROPE B.V.
P.O. Box 75525, 1118 ZN Schiphol, The Netherlands
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
Unit 5, 20/F., Seaview Centre, 139-141 Hoi Bun Road,
Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Contents
Introduction ..................................................................... 1
Controls & Connections ................................................. 2
Display Icons & Indicators ............................................ 3
Keypad Function ............................................................ 4
Accessories & Options ................................................... 6
Installation of Accessories ............................................. 7
Antenna Installation ..................................................... 7
How to Install the Quick Draw Belt Clip ................... 8
Installation of FNB-80LI Battery Pack ....................... 8
Installation of FBA-23 (option)
Alkaline Battery Case ............................................. 9
Battery Life Information ............................................ 10
AC Operation Using NC-72 ..................................... 10
Interface of Packet TNCs ............................................ 11
Operation ....................................................................... 12
Switching Power On and Off .................................... 12
Adjusting the Volume Level ..................................... 12
Squelch Adjustment ................................................... 13
Selecting the Operating Band .................................... 14
Selecting the Frequency Band ................................... 15
Frequency Navigation ................................................ 16
Audio Muting ............................................................. 17
BAND Link ................................................................ 17
Transmission .............................................................. 17
Changing the Transmitter Power Level ............... 18
VOX Operation ......................................................... 19
AM Broadcast Reception .......................................... 20
AM Aircraft Reception .............................................. 20
FM Broadcast/TV Audio Reception ......................... 21
Weather Broadcast Reception .................................. 22
Keyboard Locking ..................................................... 23
Keypad/LCD Illumination ......................................... 24
Disabling the Keypad Beeper ................................... 24
Advanced Operation .................................................... 25
Setting the Frequency Display Image Size ............... 25
Changing the Channel Steps ..................................... 25
Changing the Operating Mode .................................. 26
Repeater Operation .................................................... 27
CTCSS Operation ...................................................... 30
DCS Operation .......................................................... 31
Tone Search Scanning ............................................... 32
CTCSS/DCS Bell Operation ..................................... 33
Split Tone Operation ................................................. 33
Tone Calling (1750 Hz) ............................................ 34
ARTS (Automatic Range Transponder System) ...... 35
DTMF Operation ....................................................... 38
Emergency Channel Operation ................................. 39
ATT (Front End Attenuator) ..................................... 40
Receive Battery Saver Setup ..................................... 40
TX Battery Saver ....................................................... 41
Disabling the “STROBE” ......................................... 41
Automatic Power-Off (APO) Feature ....................... 42
Transmitter Time-Out Timer (TOT) ......................... 42
Busy Channel Lock-Out (BCLO) ............................. 43
MIC Monitor ............................................................. 43
Changing the TX Deviation Level ............................ 44
Memory Mode .............................................................. 45
Regular Memory Operation ...................................... 46
Memory Storage ................................................... 46
Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies
(“Odd Split”) ........................................................ 46
Memory Recall ..................................................... 47
HOME Channel Memory ..................................... 47
Labeling Memories ............................................... 48
Memory Offset Tuning ......................................... 49
Masking Memories ............................................... 50
Memory Group Operation ................................... 51
Moving Memory Data to the VFO ...................... 52
Memory Only Mode ............................................. 52
Hyper Memory Operation ......................................... 53
One-Touch Memory Operation ................................ 54
Sort-wave Broadcast Station Memory Channels ..... 55
VHF Marine Memory Channels ............................... 56
Scanning ......................................................................... 57
VFO Scanning ........................................................... 58
Memory Scanning ...................................................... 58
Temporary Memory Skip ..................................... 59
How to Skip (Omit) a Channel
During Memory Scan Operation .......................... 59
Preferential Memory Scan .................................... 60
Programmable (Band Limit) Memory Scan (PMS) . 61
“Priority Channel” Scanning (Dual Watch) ............. 61
Automatic Lamp Illumination on Scan Stop ............ 62
Band Edge Beeper ..................................................... 62
Spectrum Analyzer Operation ................................... 63
Smart Search Operation ............................................ 64
Channel Counter Operation ...................................... 66
Internet Connection Feature ...................................... 67
Sensor Mode .................................................................. 68
Sensor Mode Option ................................................. 69
Clock Set .............................................................. 69
Selecting the Wave Form Display ....................... 70
Selecting the Unit of Temperature Display ......... 70
Selecting the Unit of
Atmospheric Pressure Meter (Barometer) ........... 70
Correcting the Atmospheric Pressure Meter
(Barometer Offset) ............................................... 70
Selecting the Unit of Altimeter ............................ 71
Correcting the Altimeter Setting
(Altimeter Offset) ................................................. 71
Timer Operation ........................................................... 72
Display Customization ................................................. 73
Icon Mode .................................................................. 73
Icon Selection ............................................................ 73
Icon Editor ................................................................. 74
Power-Off Display Mode .......................................... 75
S-and TX Power Meter Symbols .............................. 76
Font Editor ................................................................. 77
Display Contrast ........................................................ 78
Display Dimmer ......................................................... 78
STROBE Customization ........................................... 79
Reset Procedures .......................................................... 80
Cloning ........................................................................... 81
Set Mode ........................................................................ 82
Installation of the SU-1 ................................................ 97
Specifications ................................................................. 98
Appendix ...................................................................... 100
INTRODUCTION
The VX-7R is a miniature 3-band FM transceiver
with extensive receive frequency coverage, providing leading-edge features for VHF and UHF twoway amateur communications, along with unmatched
monitoring capability.
The VX-7R’s small size allows you to take it anywhere – hiking, skiing, or while walking around town
– and its operating flexibility brings the user many
avenues of operating enjoyment. Besides 50, 144,
and 430 MHz transceive operation, the VX-7R provides 222 MHz QRP (0.3 Watts) transceive operation, receive coverage of the AM (MF) and FM
broadcast bands, HF Shortwave Bands up to 16 MHz,
VHF and UHF TV bands, the VHF AM aircraft band,
and a wide range of commercial and public safety
frequencies! Dual In-band Receive (V/V and U/U)
lets you keep track of two active frequencies. And
the optional Barometer pressure Sensor Unit provides
readout of barometric pressure and altitude while
mountain climbing or hiking, and it also generates a
Weather Forecast based on measured data.
The transmitter section provides 5 Watts of clean
power output on the FM operation on the 50 MHz,
144 MHz, and 430 MHz bands with the supplied
FNB-80LI Battery Pack, and 0.3 Watts output on
222 MHz, and 1 Watt of carrier output for AM operation on 50 MHz. Both CTCSS and DCS tone signaling formats are built into the VX-7R, in addition
to Yaesu’s exclusive ARTSTM-(Auto-Range Transponder System), which “beeps” the user when you
move out of communications range with another
ARTSTM-equipped station.
We appreciate your purchase of the VX-7R, and encourage you to read this manual thoroughly, so as to
learn about the many exciting features of your exciting new Yaesu hand-held transceiver!
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
1
CONTROLS & CONNECTIONS
ANTENNA
Connect the supplied rubber flex antenna (or another
antenna presenting
a 50-Ohm impedance) here.
MIC/SP
This four-conductor
miniature jack provides connection
points for microphone audio, earphone audio, PTT,
and ground.
DIAL
The main tuning
Dial is used for setting the operating
frequency, and also
is used for Menu
selections and
other adjustments.
VOLUME
This control adjusts
the audio volume
level. Clockwise rotation increases the
volume level.
PTT
(“Push To Talk”)
Press this switch
inward to transmit,
and release it (to
receive) after your
transmission is
completed.
EXT DC
This coaxial DC
jack allows connection to an external
DC power source
(10-16V DC). The
center pin of this
jack is the Positive
(+) line.
MONI
Pressing this key
disables the noise
squelching action,
allowing you to
hear very weak signals near the background noise level.
MIC
The internal microphone is located at
the bottom righthand corner of the
display.
SPEAKER
The internal
speaker is located
directly below the
display.
(PWR) Switch
Press and hold this
switch for 2 seconds to toggle the
transceiver’s power
on and off.
KEYBOARD
These 17 keys select many of the
most important operating features
on the VX-7R.
This function of the keys are described in details on pages 4 and 5.
2
STROBE
The STROBE is
the unique indicator which indicates
the transceiver’s
status.
You may customize
the STROBE color
setup via the Menu
mode.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
DISPLAY ICONS & INDICATORS
“Main” Band
Frequency Control
“Main” Band S- & PO Meter
“Sub” Band
Frequency Control
“Main” Band Frequency
“Main” Band Operating Mode
“Sub” Band Frequency
“Sub” Band Operating Mode
“Sub” Band S- & PO Meter
FREQUENCY CONTROL
OPERATING MODE
VFO: VFO Mode (page 15)
MR: Memory Mode (page 45)
MT: Memory Tume Mode (page 49)
PMS: Programable Memory Scan Mode (page 61)
WX: Weather Channel (page 22)
Sea: Marine Channel (page 56)
HYP: Hyper Memoy Mode (page 53)
OTM: One Touch Memory Mode (page 54)
LST: Short-wave Broadcast StationMemory (page 55)
NFM: FM
WFM: Wide FM
AM: AM
ICON
: Dual Watch Active (page 61)
: Key Lock Active (page 23)
: Repeater Shift Direction (page 27)
: Minus (–) Shift
: Plus (+) Shifh
: Odd Splits
: CTCSS/DCS Operation (page 30)
: Tone Encoder
: Tone Squelch
: Digital Code Squelch (DCS)
: TX: Tone Encoder, RX: DCS Decoder
: TX: DCS Encoder, RX: Tone Decoder
: DCS Encoder
: Automatic Power-Off Active (page 42)
: Low TX Power Selected (page 18)
No Icon: High Power
: Low Power 3
: Low Power 2
: Low Power 1
: Bell Alarm Active (page 33)
: DTMF Autodialer Active (page 39)
: Audio Mute Active (page 17)
: VOX Active (page 18)
: RF Front-end Attenuator Active (page 40)
: Battery Saver Active (page 40)
: Low Battery! (page 10)
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
3
KEYPAD FUNCTIONS
Press Key
Press +
Activates the
“Alternate” key Function
Frequency entry
digit “1”
Frequency entry
digit “2”
No Action
Activates the Scanner
Activates the
Dual Watch Feature
Press and Hold
Key
Activates the
“Memory Write” mode
(for memory channel
storage)
Press Key
Reverses the transmit
and receive frequencies
while working through a
repeater
Frequency entry
digit “4”
Frequency entry
digit “5”
Switches operation
to the “Home”
(favorite frequency)
Channel
Activates the
ARTS Feature
Activates the
Smart SearchTM
Feature
Press +
Store the current setting Store the current setting
into the
into the
Hyper Memory “2”
Hyper Memory “1”
Store the current setting Store the current setting
into the
into the
Hyper Memory “4”
Hyper Memory “5”
Press and Hold
Key
Activates the
EMERGENCY Function
Press Key
Activates the
Internet Connection
Feature
Frequency entry
digit “7”
Frequency entry
digit “8”
Select the desired
transmit power output
Activates the
Channel Counter
Feature
Activates the
CTCSS or DCS
Operation
Press +
Press and Hold
Key
4
Activates the
Key Lock Feature
Store the current setting Store the current setting
into the
into the
Hyper Memory “7”
Hyper Memory “8”
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
KEYPAD FUNCTIONS
Frequency entry
digit “3”
Moves operation to the
next-highest
frequency band
Recall the
“Weather” broadcast
channel bank
Moves operation to the
next-lowest
frequency band
Store the current setting Moves operation to the
next-highest
into the
frequency band
Hyper Memory “3”
Frequency entry
digit “6”
Activates the
Spectrum Analyzer
(Spectra-ScopeTM)
Feature
Frequency entry
digit “0”
Enter the “Set”
(Menu) Mode
Store the current setting Store the current setting
into the
into the
Hyper Memory “6”
Hyper Memory “0”
Press Key
Press +
Switches the “Upper”
frequency to be the
“Operating” (TX) Band
Switches the “Upper”
frequency display
between the
“Large Character” and
“Small Character” mode
Press and Hold
Key
Activates the
Dual Receive Feature
Press Key
Switches the “Lower”
frequency to be the
“Operating” (TX) Band
Press +
Press and Hold
Key
Switches the “Lower”
frequency display
between the
“Large Character” and
“Small Character” mode
Activates the
Dual Receive Feature
MONI Key
Frequency entry
digit “9”
Switches
frequency control
between the VFO and
Memory System
Enters the
“Special Memory”
mode
No Action
Store the current setting
into the
Hyper Memory “9”
Activates the
“Memory Tune” mode
while in the
Memory Recall mode
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
Press Key
Press +
Press and Hold
Key
USA Version:
Disables the Noise and
Tone Squelch System
EXP Version:
Activates T.CALL (1750 Hz)
for repeater access
USA Version:
Enters the Squelch level
setting mode
EXP Version:
Activates T.CALL (1750 Hz)
for repeater access
No Action
5
ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
ACCESSORIES SUPPLIED WITH THE VX-7R
FNB-80LI Battery Pack (7.4V/1,300mAh)
NC-72B/C Battery Charger
Quick Draw Belt Clip
Hand Strap
Antenna
Operating Manual
Warranty Card
AVAILABLE OPTIONS FOR
CSC-88
CD-15A
FBA-23
FNB-80LI
E-DC-5B
NC-72B/C
E-DC-6
CT-91
VC-27
MH-57A4B
CMP460A
CN-3
SU-1
YOUR
VX-7R
Soft Case
Rapid Charger (requires NC-72B/C)
2 x “AA” Cell Battery Case (batteries not supplied)
Battery Pack (7.4V/1,300 mAh)
DC Cable w/Noise Filter
Battery Charger
DC Cable; plug and wire only
Microphone Adapter
Earpiece/Microphone
Speaker/Microphone
Waterproof Speaker/Microphone
BNC-to-SMA Adapter
Barometric Pressure Sensor Unit
Availability of accessories may vary. Some accessories are supplied as standard per local
requirements, while others may be unavailable in some regions. Consult your Yaesu Dealer
for details regarding these and any newly-available options. Connection of any non-Yaesuapproved accessory, should it cause damage, may
void the Limited Warranty on this apparatus.
6
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION OF ACCESSORIES
ANTENNA INSTALLATION
The supplied antenna provides good results over the entire frequency range of the transceiver. However, for enhanced base station medium-wave and shortwave reception, you
may wish to connect an external (outside) antenna.
The supplied antenna consists of two sections: the “Base Antenna” (used for operation
above 50 MHz), and the “Extender Element” (used for monitoring of frequencies below 50
MHz).
To install the supplied antenna
Hold the bottom end of the antenna, then screw it onto the mating connector on the transceiver until it is snug. Do not overtighten by use of extreme force.
When operating the VX-7R on the 50 MHz band and lower
frequencies, disconnect the antenna cap from the base antenna,
then screw the Extender Element onto the Antenna Base. Of
course, the VX-7R may be operated on frequencies higher than
the 50 MHz band while the Extender Element is still attached
onto the Antenna Base.
Notes:
¦ Never transmit without having an antenna connected.
¦ When installing the supplied antenna, never hold the upper
part of the antenna while screwing it onto the mating connector on the transceiver.
¦ If using an external antenna for transmission, ensure that
the SWR presented to the transceiver is 1.5:1 or lower.
¦ Take care not lose the antenna cap when removing it from
the Base Antenna.
HAND STRAP INSTALLATION
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
7
INSTALLATION OF ACCESSORIES
HOW TO INSTALL THE QUICK DRAW BELT CLIP
1. Connect the hanger to the rear of the VX-7R, with the notch pointing directly up, using
the supplied screw (Figure 1). Use only the screw included with the clip to mount
the clip to the back of the VX-7R!
2. Clip the Quick-Draw Belt Clip onto your belt (Figure 2).
3. To install the VX-7R into the Quick-Draw Belt Clip, align the hanger with the QuickDraw Belt Clip, and slide the VX-7R into its slot until a click is heard (Figure 3).
4. To remove the VX-7R from the Quick-Draw Belt Clip, rotate the VX-7R 180 degrees,
then slide the VX-7R out from the Quick-Draw Belt Clip (Figure 4).
Figure 1
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 2
INSTALLATION OF FNB-80LI BATTERY PACK
The FNB-80LI is a high-performance Lithium-Ion battery providing high capacity in a
very compact package. Under normal use, the FNB-80LI may be used for approximately
300 charge cycles, after which operating time may be expected to decrease. If you have an
old battery pack which is displaying capacity which has become diminished, you should
replace the pack with a new one.
1. Install the FNB-80LI as shown in the illustration.
2. Close the Battery Pack Latch on the bottom of the radio.
8
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION OF ACCESSORIES
INSTALLATION OF FNB-80LI BATTERY PACK
If the battery has never been used, or its charge is depleted, it may be charged by connecting the NC-72B/C Battery Charger, as shown in the illustration, to the EXT DC jack. If
only 12 ~ 16 Volt DC power is available, the optional
E-DC-5B or E-DC-6 DC Adapter (with its cigarette lighter
plug) may also be used for charging the battery, as shown
NC-72B/C
E-DC-5B
in the illustration.
E-DC-6
The display will indicate “now charging” while the battery is being charged. When charging is finished, the display will change to indicate “complete” and the STROBE
indicator will glow blue.
INSTALLATION OF FBA-23 ALKALINE BATTERY CASE (OPTION)
The optional FBA-23 Battery Case allows receive monitoring using two “AA” size Alkaline batteries. Alkaline batteries can also be used for transmission in an emergency, but
power output will only be selectable 300 mW and 50 mW, and battery life will be shortened dramatically.
To Install Alkaline Batteries into the FBA-23
1. Slide the batteries into the FBA-23 as shown in the illustration,
with the Negative [–] side of the batteries touching the spring
connections inside the FBA-23.
2. Open the Battery Pack Latch on the bottom of the radio.
3. Install the FBA-23 as shown in the illustration, with the [+]
side facing the bottom of the transceiver.
4. Close the Battery Pack Latch on the bottom of the radio.
The FBA-23 does not provide connections for charging, since Alkaline cells cannot be recharged. Therefore, the NC-72B/C, E-DC-5B, or E-DC-6 may safely be connected to the
EXT DC jack when the FBA-23 is installed.
Notes:
¦ The FBA-23 is designed for use only with AA-type Alkaline cells.
¦ If you do not use the VX-7R for a long time, remove the Alkaline batteries from the
FBA-23, as battery leakage could cause damage to the FBA-23 and/or the transceiver.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
9
INSTALLATION OF ACCESSORIES
BATTERY LIFE INFORMATION
When the battery charge is almost depleted, a “Low Voltage” indicator will appear on the
display. When this icon appears, it is recommended that you charge the battery soon.
Operating Band
(1)
50 MHz
144 MHz (1)
430 MHz (1)
Other Band (2)
Battery Life (Approx.)
FNB-80LI
FBA-23
6.5 hours
7.0 hours
6.0 hours
6.5 hours
5.5 hours
6.0 hours
15 hours
15 hours
Low Voltage Indicator
FNB-80LI:
No Icon: Fully battery power
: Enough battery power
: Lower battery power
: Poor battery power
: Nearing depletion
( w/Blink ): Prepare to charge the battery
FBA-23:
: Enough battery power
(w/Blink): Prepare to replace the battery
(1) TX 6 sec., RX 6 sec. and Squelched 48 sec.
(2) Continuous signal reception
The current battery voltage can be displayed manually on the LCD, by following the instructions on page 68.
Battery capacity may be reduced during extremely cold weather operation. Keeping the
radio inside your parka may help preserve the full charge capacity.
AC OPERATION USING NC-72B/C (RECEIVING
ONLY)
The VX-7R may be operated from your house current by use of the supplied NC-72B/C
Battery Charger. The NC-72B/C should only be used for reception, because it is not capable of supplying sufficient current to support transmission.
To use the NC-72B/C, turn the transceiver off, then plug the miniature connector of the
Battery Charger into the EXT DC jack on the side of the radio. Now plug the Battery
Charger into the wall outlet. You may now turn on the transceiver.
10
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
INTERFACE OF PACKET TNCS
The VX-7R may be used for Packet operation, using the optional CT-91 microphone adapter
(available from your Yaesu dealer) for easy interconnection to commonly-available connectors wired to your TNC. You may also build your own cable using a four-conductor
miniature phone plug, per the diagram below.
The audio level from the receiver to the TNC may be adjusted by using the VOLUME
knob, as with voice operation. The input level to the VX-7R from the TNC should be
adjusted at the TNC side; the optimum input voltage is approximately 5 mV at 2000 Ohms.
Be sure to turn the transceiver and TNC off before connecting the cables, so as to prevent
voltage spikes from possibly damaging your transceiver.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
11
OPERATION
Hi! I’m R. F. Radio, and I’ll be helping you along as you learn the many
features of the VX-7R. I know you’re anxious to get on the air, but I encourage you to read the “Operation” section of this manual as thoroughly as
possible, so you’ll get the most out of this fantastic new transceiver. Now. . .let’s get
operating!
SWITCHING POWER ON AND OFF
1. Be sure the battery pack is installed, and that the battery
is fully charged. Connect the antenna to the top panel
ANTENNA jack.
(PWR) switch (on the left side
2. Press and hold in the
of the front panel) for 2 seconds. Two beeps will be heard
when the switch has been held long enough, and the opening message will appear on the display, then frequency
display will appear. After another two seconds, the receive-mode Battery Saver function will become active, unless you have disabled it (see page 40).
(PWR) switch again for 2 seconds.
3. To turn the VX-7R off, press and hold in the
If you don’t hear the two “Beep” tones when the radio comes on, the Beeper
may have been disabled via the Menu system. See page 24, which tells you
how to reactivate the Beeper.
ADJUSTING THE VOLUME LEVEL
Rotate the VOLUME control (inner knob) to set the desired
audio level. Clockwise rotation increases the volume level.
24-hour Clock
The VX-7R has a 24-hour clock with a calendar which covers all dates from January
1, 2000 through December 31, 2099. Set the clock according to the “Clock Set”
column on page 69.
12
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
SQUELCH ADJUSTMENT
The VX-7R’s Squelch system allows you to mute the background noise when no signal is
being received. Not only does the Squelch system make “standby” operation more pleasant, it also significantly reduces battery current consumption.
The Squelch system may be adjusted independently for the FM and Wide-FM (FM Broadcast) modes.
1. Press the
key, then press the MONI switch on the left
side of the radio. This provides a “Short-cut” to Menu
Item (Basic Setup #1: SQL NFM) or Menu Item (Basic
Setup #2: SQL WFM).
2. Now, press the
or
key to set the background noise is just silenced (typically at
a setting of about “3” or “4” on the scale); this is point of maximum sensitivity to weak
signals.
3. When you are satisfied with the Squelch threshold setting, press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
4. You may also adjust the Squelch setting by using the “Set” (Menu) mode. See page 82
for details.
1) The Squelch level may be set on the “Main” and “Sub” bands separately.
2) If you’re operating in an area of high RF pollution, you may need to
consider “Tone Squelch” operation using the built-in CTCSS Decoder. This
feature will keep your radio quiet until a call is received from a station sending a carrier
which contains a matching (subaudible) CTCSS tone. Or if your friends have radios
equipped with DCS (Digital Coded Squelch) like your VX-7R has, try using that mode
for silent monitoring of busy channels.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
13
OPERATION
SELECTING THE OPERATING BAND
In the factory default configuration, the VX-7R operates in the “Dual Receive” mode.
During Dual Receive operation, the “Main” band frequency will be displayed on the upper
side of the LCD, and the “Sub” band frequency will be displayed on the lower side, with
the “Operating” band (the band on which transmission and band/frequency change are
possible) being indicated in large characters, and “Receive only” band being indicated in
small characters.
To switch the “Operating” band, press the
key momentarily to engage the “Main”
band frequency as the “Operating” band. Alternatively, press the
key momentarily to
engage the “Sub” band frequency as the “Operating” band, described previously.
Press and hold in the
or
with a double-size display.
key for 1/2 seconds to switch to Mono Band Operation
During Mono band operation, you may press the
change the display to show only large characters.
key, then press the
/
key, to
The “Sub” band frequency may only be used on the amateur bands, even if it
is designated as the “Operating” band. Extended receiver coverage is only
possible on the “Main” band.
Press
Press
key
key
Press and hold
key
Press and hold
Press and hold
key
key
Press and hold
Press and hold
key
Press
14
Æ
/
key
Press and hold
key
Press
key
Press
key
key
Press
Press
key
Press
key
Æ
/
key
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
SELECTING THE FREQUENCY BAND
The VX-7R covers an incredibly wide
frequency range, over which a number
of different operating modes are used.
Therefore, the VX-7R’s frequency coverage has been divided into different
operating bands, each of which has its
own pre-set channel steps and operating modes. You can change the channel steps and operating modes later, if
you like (see page 25).
BAND
BC Band
SW Band
FM BC Band
AIR Band
VHF-TV Band
Action Band 1
UHF TV Band
Action Band 2
50 MHz Ham Band
144 MHz Ham Band
222 MHz Ham Band
430 MHz Ham Band
“Main” Band
0.5-1.8 MHz
1.8-30 MHz
59-108 MHz
(88-108 MHz)
108-137 MHz
174-222 MHz
225-420 MHz
470-729 MHz
(470-800 MHz)
800-999 MHz
30-59 MHz
(30-88 MHz)
137-174 MHz
222-225 MHz
(—)
420-470 MHz
(
“Sub” Band
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
50-54 MHz
140-174 MHz
—
420-470 MHz
): EXP Version
To Change Operating Bands
1. Press the
key repetitively. You will see the LCD indication move toward a higher
frequency band each time you press the
key..
2. If you wish to move the operating band selection downward (toward lower frequencies), press the
key first, then press the
key..
3. The VX-7R uses a dual VFO system (described previously). To switch TX/RX operation from the “Main” VFO to the “Sub” VFO instantly, press the
key momentarily..
Pressing the
key will return the VX-7R to the “Main” VFO. The frequency band
bearing the “Large” characters is the band on which transmission is possible; the band
designated by “Small” characters may only be used for reception.
4. Once you have selected the desired band, you may initiate manual tuning (or scanning)
per the discussions on the next page.
Dual Receive Notice
The VX-7R may receive very strong signals on the Image frequency, and/or the
receiver sensitivity may be somewhat reduced by the combination of the “Main”
and “Sub” band frequencies while Dual Receive operation is engaged.
If you experience interference that you suspect may be coming in via an “Image”
path, you may calculate the possible frequencies using the formulas below. This information may be used in the design of effective countermeasures such as traps, etc.
¦ 3.579545 MHz x n
¦ 11.7 MHz x n
(n is an integer: 1, 2, 3, …)
¦ “Main” band freq. = (“Sub” band freq. ± 46.35 MHz) x n
¦ “Sub” band freq. = (“Main” band freq. ± 47.25 MHz) x n (@ “Main band = NFM)
¦ “Sub” band freq. = (“Main” band freq. ± 45.8 MHz) x
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
n (@ “Main band = WFM)
15
OPERATION
FREQUENCY NAVIGATION
The VX-7R will initially be operating in the “VFO” mode, as just described. This is a channelized
system which allows free tuning throughout the currently-selected operating band.
Three basic frequency navigation methods are available on the VX-7R:
1) Tuning Dial (Outer ring of dual control on Top Panel)
Rotation of the DIAL allows tuning in the pre-programmed steps established for the current operating band. Clockwise rotation of the DIAL causes the VX-7R to be tuned toward
a higher frequency, while counter-clockwise rotation will lower the operating frequency.
If you press the
key momentarily, then rotate the DIAL, frequency steps of 1 MHz will
be selected. This feature is extremely useful for making rapid frequency excursions over
the wide tuning range of the VX-7R.
2) Direct Keypad Frequency Entry
The desired operating frequency may be entered directly from the keypad.
The operating mode will automatically be set once the new frequency is entered via the
keypad.
To enter a frequency from the keypad, just press the numbered digits on the keypad in the
proper sequence. There is no “Decimal point” key on the VX-7R, so if the frequency is below
100 MHz (e.g. 15.150 MHz), any required leading zeroes must be entered. However, there is
a short-cut for frequencies ending in zero - press the
key after the last non-zero digit.
Examples:
To enter 146.520 MHz, press
à
à
à
à
à
To enter 15.255 MHz, press
à
à
à
à
à
To enter 1.250 MHz (1250 kHz), press
à
à
à
à
To enter 0.950 MHz (950 kHz), press
à
à
à
à
To enter 430.000MHz, press
à
à
à
à
3) Scanning
key, then press the
key. The VX-7R will begin scanFrom the VFO mode, press the
ning toward a higher frequency, and will stop when it receives a signal strong enough to break
through the Squelch threshold. The VX-7R will then hold on that frequency according to the
setting of the “RESUME” mode (Menu Item: Scan Modes #3). See page 57 for details.
If you wish to reverse the direction of the scan (i.e. toward a lower frequency, instead of a
higher frequency), just rotate the DIAL one click in the counter-clockwise direction while
the VX-7R is scanning. The scanning direction will be reversed. To revert to scanning
toward a higher frequency once more, rotate the DIAL one click clockwise.
Press the PTT switch momentarily to cancel the scanning.
16
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
AUDIO MUTING
The Audio Mute feature is useful in situations where it would be helpful to reduce the
audio level of the “Receive Only” band (Small character display) whenever you receive a
signal on the “Main” band (Large character display) during Dual Receive operation.
To activate the Audio Mute feature:
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
1. Press the
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic
Operation #8: MUTE SET).
3. Press the
or
key to select “ON” (to enable Audio
Mute feature).
4. Press the PTT switch to save the new setting and exit to
normal operation.
5. To disable the Audio Mute feature, select “OFF” in step 3
above.
When the Audio Mute feature is activated, the “ ” icon will appear on the display..
BAND LINKING
For split operation on Amateur bands, the BAND Link feature may be useful.
1. Set up dual receive operation, as just described.
2. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
3. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc
Setup #9: BAND LINK).
4. Press the
or
key to set this Menu Item to ON.
5. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to
Linked/Dual receive operation.
As you rotate the DIAL, you will observe that both bands’ frequencies are changing together. When you are done with this operating mode, re-enter the Set mode, and set (Misc
Setup #9: BAND LINK) to OFF.
The BAND Link feature requires that (1) “Main” band and “Sub” band be
set to same band (Dual In-band receive), (2) Menu Item ( Misc Setup #10:
VFO MODE ) must be set to “BAND.” In other words, the BAND Link feature
cannot activated if “Main” band and “Sub” band are not set to the same band, or if
Menu Item ( Misc Setup #10: VFO MODE ) is set to “ALL.”
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
17
OPERATION
TRANSMISSION
Once you have set up an appropriate frequency inside one of the three (or four) Amateur
bands on which the VX-7R can transmit (50 MHz, 144 MHz, or 430 MHz, plus 222 MHz
on the USA version), you’re ready to transmit. These are the most basic steps; more advanced aspects of transmitter operation will be discussed later.
1. To transmit, press the PTT switch, and speak into the front panel microphone (located
in the upper right-hand corner of the speaker grille) in a normal voice level. The
“STROBE” will glow red during transmission.
2. To return to the receive mode, release the PTT switch.
3. During transmission, the relative power level will be indicated on the LCD. Full power
(5 Watts) is indicated by eight arrows below the frequency display. The three “Low
Power” levels (L1, L2, and L3) are indicated by two, four, or six arrows, respectively.
Additionally, the “L1,” “L2,” or “L3” icon will appear at the bottom of the display,
corresponding with the “Low Power” Level setting.
If you’re just talking to friends in the immediate area, you’ll get much longer
battery life by switching to Low Power operation. To do this, press the
key, then press the
key so that the “L” icon appears at the bottom of the
display. And don’t forget: always have an antenna connected when you transmit.
Transmission is not possible on any operating bands other than the 50 MHz, 144 MHz, 222
MHz, and 430 MHz bands.
Changing the Transmitter Power Level
You can select between a total of four transmitter power levels on your VX-7R. The exact
power output will vary somewhat, depending on the voltage supplied to the transceiver.
With the standard FNB-80LI Battery
ICONS
NONE
L3
L2
L1
Pack and external DC source, the power
50/144/430 MHz 5.0 W 2.5 W 1.0 W 0.05 W
output levels available are:
222 MHz FM
–
–
0.3 W 0.05 W
50 MHz AM
1.0 W (Fixed )
To change the power level:
1. The default setting for the power output is “High;” in this configuration, the LCD
shows no indication of the power output level. Pressing the
key, followed by the
key, causes the power level “L1,” “L2,” or “L3” to appear..
2. Press the
key, followed by the
key (repeatedly, if necessary) to make the
“Low Power” icon disappear and restore High Power operation.
1) The VX-7R is smart! You can set up Low power on one band (like UHF),
while leaving VHF on High power, and the radio will remember the different
settings on each band. And when you store memories, you can store High
and Low power settings separately in each memory, so you don’t waste battery power
when using very close-in repeaters!
18
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
TRANSMISSION
key,,
2) When you are operating on one of the Low power settings, you can press the
then press the PTT switch, to cause the VX-7R to transmit (temporarily) on High power.
After one transmission, the power level will revert to the previously-selected Low power
setting.
VOX OPERATION
The VOX system provides automatic transmit/receive switching based on voice input to
the microphone. With the VOX system enabled, you do not need to press the PTT switch
in order to transmit, and it is not necessary to use a VOX headset in order to utilize VOX
operation.
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc
Setup #7: VOX SENS).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired VOX Gain
level (“HIGH” or “LOW”).
4. When you have made your choice, press the PTT key to save the new setting and
return to normal operation.
5. Without pressing the PTT switch, speak into the microphone in a normal voice level.
When you start speaking, the transmitter should be activated automatically. When you
finish speaking, the transceiver should return to the receive mode (after a short delay).
6. To cancel VOX and return to PTT operation, just repeat
the above procedures, selecting “OFF” in step 3 above.
When the VOX system is activated, the “ ” icon will appear
on the display.
The VX-7R provides for adjustment of the “Hang-Time” of the VOX system (the transmitreceive delay after the cessation of speech) via the Menu. The default delay is 1/2 second.
To set a different delay time:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc
Setup #8: VOX DELAY).
3. Press the
or
key to select the delay time among
“0.5sec,” “1sec,” and “2sec.”
4. When you have made your choice, press the PTT key to save the new setting and
return to normal operation.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
19
OPERATION
AM BROADCAST RECEPTION
The VX-7R includes provision for reception of AM broadcasts, either on the standard
medium-wave (MW) broadcast band, or on the shortwave bands up to 16 MHz.
1. Set the VX-7R to the VFO mode on the “Main” band.
2. Press the
key (or press
à
) repetitively until
you see a frequency in the frequency range desired. The
MW coverage is 0.5 MHz to 1.8 MHz, while the shortwave broadcast coverage is 1.8 MHz to 16 MHz. In either
case, the operating mode (displayed on the right edge of the LCD) should be shown as
being “AM.”
3. Rotate the DIAL to tune across the broadcast band.
4. You may also use the keypad to enter frequencies directly. This method will be quicker
for changing from the 49-meter broadcast band to the 31-meter band, for example.
1) If the operating mode is not correct, you may need to adjust the setting of
the Menu Item labeled ( Basic Setup #4: RX MODE ). See page 26 for details.
2) The VX-7R includes a special memory bank into which the factory has
stored 89 frequencies representing popular Short-wave Broadcast stations. See page 55
for details.
AM AIRCRAFT RECEPTION
Reception of AM signals in the aeronautical band (108-137 MHz) is similar to that described in the previous section.
1. Be sure that the VX-7R is set to the VFO mode on the “Main” band.
2. Press the
key (or press
à
) repetitively until
you see a frequency in the aeronautical band.
3. Rotate the DIAL to tune across the aeronautical band.
4. You may also use the keypad to enter frequencies directly.
Remember that frequencies quoted by aircraft operators may be abbreviated, and that
the “5” at the end of a frequency may be dropped. Since aeronautical channels are
assigned in 25-kHz steps, therefore, a frequency announced as “thirty-two, forty-two”
corresponds to an operating frequency of 132.425 MHz.
20
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
FM BROADCAST/TV AUDIO RECEPTION
The VX-7R also includes provision for reception in the FM broadcast band, utilizing a
wide-bandwidth filter which provides excellent fidelity.
To Activate FM Broadcast Reception
1. Be sure that the VX-7R is set to the VFO mode on the “Main” band.
2. Press the
key (or press
à
) repetitively until
a frequency in the FM broadcast band appears on the display. The total frequency range included in the “FM” band
is 59-108 MHz.
3. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired station. The default synthesizer steps for the WFM mode are 100 kHz/step.
To Activate VHF or UHF TV Audio Reception
1. Be sure that the VX-7R is set to the VFO mode on the “Main” band.
2. Press the
key (or press
à
) repetitively until
a frequency in the VHF or UHF TV bands appears on the
LCD.
3. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired station.
Remember that the Wide-FM Squelch setting may be made independently
from the Narrow-FM setting, using the Menu Item labeled (Basic Setup #2:
SQL WFM ). See page 84.
Downloaded by
RadioAmateur.EU
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
21
OPERATION
WEATHER BROADCAST RECEPTION
The VX-7R includes a unique feature which allows reception of weather broadcasts in the
160-MHz frequency range. Ten standard Weather Broadcast channels are pre-loaded into
a special memory bank.
To listen to a Weather Broadcast Channel or VHF Marine Channel:
key, then press the
key to recall the
1. Press the
Weather Broadcast channels.
2. Turn the DIAL knob to select the desired Weather Broadcast channel.
3. If you wish to check the other channels for activity by scanning, just press the PTT
switch.
4. To exit to normal operation, again the
key, then press the
key. Operation will
return to the VFO or Memory channel you were operating on before you began Weather
Broadcast operation.
In the event of extreme weather disturbances, such as storms and hurricanes,
the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) sends a
weather alert accompanied by a 1050 Hz tone and subsequent weather report
on one of the NOAA weather channels. You may disable the Weather Alert tone via
Menu Item (Misc Setup #20 WX ALERT), if desired.
22
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
KEYBOARD LOCKING
In order to prevent accidental frequency change or inadvertent transmission, various aspects of the VX-7R’s keys and switches may be locked out. The possible lockout combinations are:
KEY:
Just the front panel keys are locked out
DIAL:
Just the top panel DIAL is locked out
KEY+DIAL: Both the DIAL and Keys are locked out
PTT:
The PTT switch is locked (TX not possible)
KEY+PTT: Both the keys and PTT switch are locked out
DIAL + PTT:Both the DIAL and PTT switch are locked out
ALL:
All of the above are locked out
To lock out some or all of the keys:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic
Setup #10: LOCK MODE).
3. Press the
or
key to choose between one of the
locking schemes as outlined above.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT switch to save the new setting and
resume normal operation.
5. To activate the locking feature, press and hold in the
key for 2 seconds. The “ ” icon will appear on the LCD.
key for
To cancel locking, again press and hold the
2 seconds.
Even when “ALL” keys have been locked out, one key actually is not locked
out: the
key remains available so you can unlock your keypad when you
want to!
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
23
OPERATION
KEYPAD/LCD ILLUMINATION
Your VX-7R includes a reddish illumination lamp which aids in nighttime operation. The
red illumination yields clear viewing of the display in a dark environment, with minimal
degradation of your night vision. Three options for activating the lamp are provided:
KEY Mode:
Illuminates the Keypad/LCD for 5 seconds when any key pressed.
CONTINUE Mode: Illuminates the Keypad/LCD continuously.
OFF Mode:
Disables the Keypad/LCD lamp.
Here is the procedure for setting up the Lamp mode:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display
Setup #5: LAMP MODE).
3. Press the
or
key to select one of the three modes
described above.
4. When you have made your choice, press the PTT key to save the new setting and
return to normal operation.
DISABLING THE KEYPAD BEEPER
If the keypad’s Beeper creates an inconvenience (particularly when operating in a quiet
room), it may easily be disabled.
1. Press
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic Setup #9: KEY BEEP).
or
key to change the setting from ON
3. Press the
to OFF.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key
to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
5. If you wish to re-enable the Beeper, just repeat the above procedure, pressing the
or
key to select ON in step “3” above.
24
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
Now that you’re mastered the basics of VX-7R operation, let’s learn more about some of
the really neat features.
SETTING THE FREQUENCY DISPLAY IMAGE SIZE
VFO Mode
When operating in the VFO mode during the “Mono” band
operation, pressing the
key, then pressing the
or
key, causes the LCD to “toggle” between display of doublesize characters and large characters. However, this feature does
not work during Dual Receive operation, as two frequencies
are displayed in that instance.
Memory Mode
When operating in the Memory mode (see page 45), pressing
the
key, followed by the
or
key, causes the LCD
to “toggle” between display of the current memory’s frequency
(in double-size characters) and the current memory’s frequency
(in large characters) with its alpha-numeric Tag (small characters). This feature likewise does not activate during Dual
Receive operation.
CHANGING THE CHANNEL STEPS
The VX-7R’s synthesizer provides the option of utilizing channel steps of 5/9/10/12.5/15/
20/25/50/100 kHz per step, any number of which may be important to your operating
requirements. The VX-7R is set up at the factory with different default steps on each operating band which probably are satisfactory for most operation. However, if you need to
change the channel step increments, the procedure to do so is very easy.
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
1. Press the
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic Setup #3: VFO STEP).
or
key to select the new channel step
3. Press the
size.
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
9 kHz step is available on the BC band only.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
25
ADVANCED OPERATION
CHANGING THE OPERATING MODE
The VX-7R provides for automatic mode changing when the radio is tuned to different
operating frequencies. However, should an unusual operating situation arise in which you
need to change between the available operating modes (FM-Narrow, FM-Wide, and AM),
here is the procedure for doing so:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic
Setup #4: RX MODE).
3. Press the
or
key to select the new channel step
size. The available selections are:
AUTO: Automatic mode setting per default values for the selected frequency range..
N-FM: Narrow-bandwidth FM (used for voice communication)
W-FM: Wide-bandwidth FM (used for high-fidelity broadcasting)
AM:
Amplitude Modulation
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Unless you have a compelling reason to do so, leave the Automatic Mode
Selection feature on so as to save time and trouble when changing bands. If
you make a mode change for a particular channel or station, you can always
store that one channel into memory, as the mode setting will be memorized along with
the frequency information.
26
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
REPEATER OPERATION
Repeater stations, usually located on mountaintops or other high locations, provide a dramatic extension of the communication range for low-powered hand-held or mobile transceivers. The VX-7R includes a number of features which make repeater operation simple
and enjoyable.
Repeater Shifts
Your VX-7R has been configured, at the factory, for the repeater shifts customary in your
country. For the 50 MHz band, this usually will be 1 MHz, while the 144 MHz shift will be
600 kHz; on 70 cm, the shift may be 1.6 MHz, 7.6 MHz, or 5 MHz (USA version).
Depending on the part of the band in which you are operating, the repeater shift may be
either downward (–) or upward (+), and one of these icons will appear at the bottom of the
LCD when repeater shifts have been enabled.
Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS)
The VX-7R provides a convenient Automatic Repeater Shift feature, which causes the
appropriate repeater shift to be automatically applied whenever you tune into the designated repeater sub-bands in your country. These sub-bands are shown below.
If the ARS feature does not appear to be working, you may have accidentally disabled it.
To re-enable ARS:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic Setup #5: ARS).
3. Press the
or
key to select “ON” (to enable Automatic Repeater Shift).
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
ARS-Repeater Subbands
2-m
Version A
145.1
145.5
146.0
146.4
147.0
146.6
147.6
148.0
147.4
145.6 145.8
European Version
70-cm
440.0
Version A
438.20
433.00
433.40
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
439.45
445.0
450.0
Euro Version 1
Euro Version 2
27
ADVANCED OPERATION
REPEATER OPERATION
Manual Repeater Shift Activation
If the ARS feature has been disabled, or if you need to set a repeater shift direction other
than that established by the ARS, you may set the direction of the repeater shift manually.
To do this:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic
Setup #7: RPT SHIFT).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired shift among
“–RPT,” “+RPT,” and “SIMP.”
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Changing the Default Repeater Shifts
If you travel to a different region, you may need to change the default repeater shift so as to
ensure compatibility with local operating requirements.
To do this, follow the procedure below:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic
Setup #6: SHIFT).
3. Press the
or
key to select the new repeater shift
magnitude.
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
If you just have one “odd” split that you need to program, don’t change the
“default” repeated shifts using this Menu Item! Enter the transmit and receive frequencies separately, as shown on page 46.
28
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
REPEATER OPERATION
Checking the Repeater Uplink (Input) Frequency
It often is helpful to be able to check the uplink (input) frequency of a repeater, to see if the
calling station is within direct (“Simplex”) range.
key. You’ll notice that the display has shifted to the repeater
To do this, just press the
uplink frequency. Press the
key again to cause operation to revert to normal monitor-ing of the repeater downlink (output) frequency.
The configuration of this key may be set either to “RV” (for checking the inut
frequency of a repeater, or “HM” (for instant switching to the “Home” channel for the band you are operating on). To change the configuration of this
key, use Menu Item (Misc. Setup #2 HOM/REV ). See page 49.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
29
ADVANCED OPERATION
CTCSS OPERATION
Many repeater systems require that a very-low-frequency audio tone be superimposed on
your FM carrier in order to activate the repeater. This helps prevent false activation of the
repeater by radar or spurious signals from other transmitters. This tone system, called
“CTCSS” (Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System), is included in your VX-7R, and is
very easy to activate.
CTCSS setup involves two actions: setting the Tone Frequency and then setting of the Tone Mode. These actions are set up by using the
key, or Menu
Items (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #1: SQL TYPE ) and (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #2: TONE SET ).
1. Press the
key, then press the
key. This provides a “Short-cut” to Menu Item
(TSQ/DCS/DTMF #1: SQL TYPE).
2. Press the
or
key so that “TONE” appears on the
display; this activates the CTCSS Encoder, which allows
repeater access.
You may notice an additional “DCS” icon appearing while you press the
or
key in this step. We’ll discuss the Digital Code Squelch system shortly.
3. Pressing the
key in step “2” above will occasionally cause “SQL” to appear adjacent to the “TONE.” When “TONE SQL” appears, this means that the Tone SQueLch
system is active, which mutes your VX-7R’s receiver until it receives a call from another radio sending out a matching CTCSS tone. This can help keep your radio quiet
until a specific call is received, which may be helpful while operating in congested
areas.
4. When you have made your selection of the CTCSS tone
mode, rotate the DIAL one click clockwise to select Menu
Item labeled (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #2: TONE SET). This Menu
selection allows setting of the CTCSS tone frequency to
be used.
5. Press the
key to enable the adjustment of the CTCSS frequency..
6. Press the
or
key until the display indicates the Tone Frequency you need to be
using (ask the repeater owner/operator if you don’t know the tone frequency).
key, then press the PTT switch to
7. When you have made your selection, press the
save the new settings and exit to normal operation.
Your repeater may or may not re-transmit a CTCSS tone - some systems just
use CTCSS to control access to the repeater, but don’t pass it along when
transmitting. If the S-Meter deflects, but the VX-7R is not passing audio,
repeat steps “1” through “3” above, but rotate the DIAL so that “SQL” disappears - this
will allow you to hear all traffic on the channel being received.
30
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
DCS OPERATION
Another form of tone access control is Digital Code Squelch, or DCS. It is a newer, more
advanced tone system which generally provides more immunity from false paging than
does CTCSS. The DCS Encoder/Decoder is built into your VX-7R, and operation is very
similar to that just described for CTCSS. Your repeater system may be configured for
DCS; if not, it is frequently quite useful in Simplex operation if your friend(s) use transceivers equipped with this advanced feature.
Just as in CTCSS operation, DCS requires that you set the Tone Mode to DCS
and that you select a tone code.
key, then press the
key. This provides a “Short-cut” to Menu Item
1. Press the
(TSQ/DCS/DTMF #1: SQL TYPE).
2. Press the
or
key until “DCS” appears on the display; this activates the DCS Encoder/Decoder.
3. Now rotate the DIAL to select Menu Item (TSQ/DCS/
DTMF #3: DCS SET).
4. Press the
key to enable the adjustment of the DCS
code.
5. Press the
or
key to select the desired DCS Code
(a three-digit number). Ask the repeater owner/operator if you don’t know DCS Code;
if you are working simplex, just set up the DCS Code to be the same as that used by
your friend(s).
6. When you have made your selection, press the
key, then press the PTT switch to
save the new settings and exit to normal operation.
Remember that the DCS is an Encode/Decode system, so your receiver will
remain muted until a matching DCS code is received on an incoming transmission. Switch the DCS off when you’re just tuning around the band!
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz )
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
DCS CODE
79.7
023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
97.4
054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244
151.4
156.7
159.8
162.2
165.5
167.9
245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
171.3
173.8
177.3
179.9
183.5
186.2
274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
189.9
192.8
196.6
199.5
203.5
206.5
356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
210.7
218.1
225.7
229.1
233.6
241.8
445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
250.3
254.1
–
–
–
–
506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
732 734 743 754
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
–
–
–
–
–
–
31
ADVANCED OPERATION
TONE SEARCH SCANNING
In operating situations where you don’t know the CTCSS or DCS tone being used by
another station or stations, you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and
scan in search of the tone being used. Two things must be remembered in this regard:
¦ You must be sure that your repeater uses the same tone type (CTCSS vs. DCS).
¦ Some repeaters do not pass the CTCSS tone; you may have to listen to the station(s)
transmitting on the repeater uplink (input) frequency in order to allow Tone Search
Scanning to work.
To scan for the tone in use:
1. Set the radio up for either CTCSS or DCS Decoder operation (see the previous discussion). In the case of CTCSS, “TSQ” will appear on the display; in the case of DCS,
“DCS” will appear on the display.
2. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
3. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (TSQ/
DCS/DTMF #2: TONE SET) when TONE SQL is selected,
or Menu Item labeled (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #3: DCS SET)
during DCS operation.
4. Press the
key to enable adjustment of the selected
Menu Item.
5. Press the
key, then press the
key to start scanning
for the incoming CTCSS or DCS tone/code.
6. When the radio detects the correct tone or code, it will halt on that tone/code, and
audio will be allowed to pass. Press the
key to lock in that tone/code, then press
PTT to exit to normal operation.
If the Tone Scan feature does not detect a tone or code, it will continue to
scan indefinitely. When this happens, it may be that the other station is not
sending any tone. You can press the PTT switch to halt the scan at any time.
You also can press the MONI key during Tone Scanning to listen to the (muted) signal
from the other station. When you release the MONI key, Tone Scanning will resume after
about a second.
Tone Scanning works either in the VFO or Memory modes.
32
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
CTCSS/DCS BELL OPERATION
During CTCSS Decode or DCS operation, you may set up the VX-7R such that a ringing
“bell” sound alerts you to the fact that a call is coming in. Here is the procedure for activating the CTCSS/DCS Bell:
1. Set the transceiver up for CTCSS Decode (“Tone Squelch”) or DCS operation, as
described previously.
2. Adjust the operating frequency to the desired channel.
3. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
4. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #5: BELL).
5. Press the
or
key to set the desired number of
rings of the Bell. The available choices are 1, 3, 5, or 8
rings, CONTINUE (continuous ringing), or OFF.
6. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting
and exit to normal operation.
When you are called by a station whose transceiver is sending a CTCSS tone or DCS code
which matches that set into your Decoder, the Bell will ring in accordance to this programming.
SPLIT TONE OPERATION
The VX-7R can be operated in a Split Tone configuration via the Set mode.
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #6: SPLIT TONE).
3. Press the
or
key to select ON (to enable the Split
Tone feature).
4. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting
and exit to normal operation.
When the Split Tone feature is activated, you can see the following additional parameters
after the “DCS” parameter while selecting the Menu Item (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #1: SQL TYPE),:
D CODE: DCS Encode only (“ ” icon will appear while operating)
TONE DC: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a DCS code
” icon will appear during operation)
(the “
DC TONE: Encodes a DCS code and Decodes a CTCSS Tone
(the “
” icon will appear during operation)
Select the desired operating mode from the selections shown above.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
33
ADVANCED OPERATION
TONE CALLING (1750 HZ)
If the repeaters in your country require a 1750-Hz burst tone for access (typically in Europe), you can set the MONI key to serve as a “Tone Call” switch instead. To change the
configuration of this switch, we again use the Menu to help us.
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #3 MON/T-CAL).
3. Press the
or
key to select “T-CALL” on the display.
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
5. To access a repeater, press and hold in the MONI key for the amount of time specified
by the repeater owner/operator. The transmitter will automatically be activated, and a
1750-Hz audio tone will be superimposed on the carrier. Once access to the repeater
has been gained, you may release the MONI key, and use the PTT key for activating
the transmitter.
34
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
ARTS (AUTOMATIC RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM)
The ARTS feature uses DCS signaling to inform both parties when you and another ARTSequipped station are within communications range. This may be particularly useful during
Search-and Rescue situations, where is important to stay in contact with other members of
your group.
Both stations must set up their DCS codes to the same code number, then activate their
ARTS feature using the command appropriate for their radio. Alert ringers may be activated, if desired.
Whenever you push the PTT, or every 25 (or 15) seconds after ARTS is activated, your
radio will transmit a signal which includes a (subaudible) DCS
signal for about 1 second. If the other radio is in range, the
beeper will sound (if enabled) and the display will show “IN
RANGE” as opposed to the out of range display “OUT RANGE”
in which ARTS operation begins.
Whether you talk or not, the polling every 15 or 25 seconds
will continue until you de-activate ARTS. Every 10 minutes,
moreover, you can have your radio transmit your callsign via
CW, so as to comply with identification requirements. When ARTS is de-activated, DCS
will also be deactivated (if you were not using it previously in non-ARTS operation).
If you move out of range for more than one minute (four pollings), your radio will sense
that no signal has been received, three beeps will sound, and the display will revert to
“OUT RANGE.” If you move back into range, your radio will again beep, and the display
will change back to the “IN RANGE” indication.
During ARTS operation, your operating frequency will continue to be displayed, but no
changes may be made to it or other settings; you must terminate ARTS in order to resume
normal operation. This is a safety feature designed to prevent accidental loss of contact
due to channel change, etc.
Here is how to activate ARTS:
Basic ARTS Setup and Operation
1. Set your radio and the other radio(s) to the same DCS code number, per the discussion
on page 31.
2. Press the
key, then press the
key. You will observe the “OUT RANGE” display
on the LCD below the operating frequency. ARTS operation has now commenced.
3. Every 25 seconds, your radio will transmit a “polling” call to the other station. When
that station responds with its own ARTS polling signal, the display will change to “IN
RANGE” to confirm that the other station’s polling code was received in response to
yours.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
35
ADVANCED OPERATION
ARTS (AUTOMATIC RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM)
4. Press the
key, then press the
functioning of the transceiver.
key to exit ARTS operation and resume normal
ARTS won’t work if you have used the Lock feature to disable the PTT!
ARTS Polling Time Options
The ARTS feature may be programmed to poll every 25 seconds (default value) or 15
seconds. The default value provides maximum battery conservation, because the polling
signal is sent out less frequently. To change the polling interval:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (ARTS #2: ARTS ITERVAL).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired polling interval (15 or 25 seconds).
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key
to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
ARTS Alert Beep Options
The ARTS feature allows two kinds of alert beeps (with the additional option of turning
them off), so as to alert you to the current status of ARTS operation. Depending on your
location and the potential annoyance associated with frequent beeps, you may choose the
Beep mode which best suits your needs. The choices are:
IN RANGE: The beeps are issued only when the radio first confirms that you are within
range, but does not re-confirm with beeps thereafter.
ALWAYS: Every time a polling transmission is received from the other station, the
alert beeps will be heard.
OFF:
No alert beeps will be heard; you must look at the display to confirm
current ARTS status.
To set the ARTS Beep mode, use the following procedure:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (ARTS #1: ARTS BEEP).
or
key to select the desired ARTS Beep
3. Press the
mode (see above).
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key
to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
36
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
ARTS (AUTOMATIC RANGE TRANSPONDER SYSTEM)
CW Identifier Setup
The ARTS feature includes a CW identifier, as discussed previously. Every ten minutes
during ARTS operation, the radio can be instructed to send “DE (your callsign) K” if this
feature is enabled. The callsign field may contain up to 16 characters.
Here’s how to program the CW Identifier:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (ARTS
#3: CW ID).
3. Press the
key to enable changing of this Menu item.
The “ ” indicator will blink on the LCD.
4. Press the
or
key to set the CW ID function to ON.
5. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise to begin entry of the letters and numbers in your
callsign.
6. Press the
key or keyboard to set the first letter or number in your callsign.
Example 1: Press the
key to select any of the 7 available characters (including
the “slant bar” for portable stations); or
Example 2: Press the
key repeatedly to toggle among the seven available characters associated with that key: A à B à C à a à b à c à 2
7. When the correct character has been selected, rotate the DIAL one click clockwise to
move on to the next character.
8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 as many times as necessary to complete your callsign. Note that
the “slant bar” (– • • – •) is among the available characters, should you be a “portable”
station.
9. Press the
key to delete all data after the cursor that may have been previously
stored erroneously.
10. When you have entered your entire callsign, press the
key to confirm the callsign,
then press the PTT key to save the settings and exit to normal operation.
You may check your work by monitoring the entere callsign. To do this, repeat
steps 1 - 3 above, then press the
key..
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
37
ADVANCED OPERATION
DTMF OPERATION
The VX-7R’s 16-button keypad allows easy DTMF dialing for Autopatch, repeater control, or Internet-link access purposes. Besides numerical digits [0] through [9], the keypad
includes the [*] and [#] digits, plus the [A], [B], [C], and [D] tones often used for repeater
control.
Manual DTMF Tone Generation
You can generate DTMF tones during transmission manually.
1. Press the PTT switch to begin transmission.
2. While transmitting, press the desired numbers on the keypad.
3. When you have sent all the digits desired, release the PTT key.
DTMF Autodialer
Nine DTMF Autodial memories are provided, allowing you to store telephone numbers for
autopatch use. You can also store short autopatch or Internet-link access code streams so as
to avoid having to send them manually.
Here is the DTMF Autodial storage procedure:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item labeled
(TSQ/DCS/DTMF #8: DTMF SET).
3. Press the
key to enable adjustment of this Menu Item.
4. Press the
or
key to select the DTMF Memory
register into which you wish to store this DTMF string.
5. Rotate the DIAL knob one click to begin DTMF Memory entry into the selected register.
6. Key in the DTMF digits you wish to store into this register. If needed, you may press
key to store a “Pause” (rotate the DIAL one click clockwise to continue) or
the
press the
key again to delete the previously-stored data after the cursor..
7. If you make a mistake, rotate the DIAL konb counterclockwise to back-space the cursor, re-enter the correct number.
8. Press the PTT switch to save the setting. To store other numbers, repeat this process,
using a different DTMF memory register.
38
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
DTMF OPERATION
To send the telephone number:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #7: DTMF DIALER).
3. Press the
or
key to set the DTMF Autodialer
function to the “ON” position.
4. Press the PTT switch to exit to normal operation and activate the DTMF Autodialer function (the “ ” icon will
appear).
5. In the Autodialer function mode, first press the PTT key,
then press the numerical key (
through ) corresponding to the DTMF memory string you wish to send. Once the string begins, you may
release the PTT key, as the transmitter will be held “on the air” until the DTMF string
is completed.
EMERGENCY CHANNEL OPERATION
The VX-7R includes an “Emergency” feature which may be useful if you have someone
monitoring on the same frequency as your transceiver’s UHF “Home” channel. See page
47 for details on setting the Home channel.
The “Emergency” feature is activated by pressing the
key for 1/2 seconds.
When this is done, (A) the radio is placed on the UHF amateur band Home channel, (B) it
emits a loud “Alarm” sound (the volume is controlled by the VOLUME knob), (C) it
flashes the STROBE in sequential colors, (D) if you press the PTT key, you will disable
the Emergency feature temporarily; you can then transmit on the UHF Home channel, and
(E) two seconds after the PTT release, the Emergency feature will resume.
To disable the “Emergency” feature, press the
key for 1/2 seconds or turn the radio Offf
(PWR) switch for 2 seconds.
by pressing and holding in the
Use this feature if you are out for a walk and want a quick way of alerting a family member
as to a dangerous situation. The alarm sound may discourage an attacker and allow you to
escape.
1) Be sure to arrange with a friend or family member to be monitoring on the
same frequency, as there will be no identification sent via the Emergency
alarm sound. And do not transmit the alarm tone except in a true emergency!
2) The STROBE may be changed to another function via Menu Item (Misc Setup #5:
EMG SET ); see page 94.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
39
ADVANCED OPERATION
ATT (FRONT END ATTENUATOR)
The attenuator will reduce all signals (and noise) by 20 dB, and it may be used to make
reception more pleasant under extremely noisy conditions.
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #18: ATT).
3. Press the
or
key to change the setting from OFF
to ON.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key
to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
5. If you wish to disable the attenuator, just repeat the above
procedure, pressing the
or
key to select OFF in
step “3” above.
When the attenuator is activated, the “
appear on the display.
” icon will
RECEIVE BATTERY SAVER SETUP
An important feature of the VX-7R is its Receive Battery Saver, which “puts the radio to
sleep” for a time interval, periodically “waking it up” to check for activity. If somebody is
talking on the channel, the VX-7R will remain in the “active” mode, then resume its “sleep”
cycles. This feature significantly reduces quiescent battery drain, and you may change the
amount of “sleep” time between activity checks using the Menu System:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Save Modes #2: RX SAVE).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired “sleep”
duration. The selections available are 200 ms, 300 ms,
500 ms, 1 second, and 2 seconds, or OFF. The default
value is 200 ms.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key to save the new setting and
exit to normal operation.
When you are operating on Packet, switch the Receive Battery Saver OFF, as
the sleep cycle may “collide” with the beginning of an incoming Packet transmission, causing your TNC not to receive the full data burst.
40
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
TX BATTERY SAVER
The VX-7R also includes a useful Transmit Battery Saver, which will automatically lower
the power output level when the last signal received was very strong. For example, when
you are in the immediate vicinity of a repeater station, there generally is no reason to use
the full 5 Watts of power output in order to achieve full-quieting access to the repeater.
With the Transmit Battery Saver, the automatic selection of Low Power operation conserves battery drain significantly.
To activate the Transmit Battery Saver:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Save Modes #3: TX SAVE).
3. Press the
or
key to set this Menu Item to “ON”
(thus activating the Transmit Battery Saver).
4. When you have completed your selection, press the PTT
key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
DISABLING THE “STROBE”
Further battery conservation may be accomplished by disabling the “STROBE” while
receiving a signal (when the “STROBE” functions as a “BUSY” LED). Use the following
procedure:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display Setup #1: BUSY LED).
3. Press the
or
key to set this Menu Item to “OFF”
(thus disabling the BUSY lamp).
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
41
ADVANCED OPERATION
AUTOMATIC POWER-OFF (APO) FEATURE
The APO feature helps conserve battery life by automatically turning the radio off after a
user-defined period of time within which there has been no dial or key activity.
The available selections for the time before power-off are 0.5/1/3/5/8 hours, as well as
APO Off. The default condition for the APO is OFF, and here is the procedure for activating it:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Save Modes #1: APO).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired time period
after which the radio will automatically shut down.
4. Once you have made your selection, press the PTT key to
save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
When the APO is activated, the “ ” icon will appear at the
center bottom on the LCD. If there is no action by you within
the time interval programmed, the microprocessor will shut
down the radio automatically.
(PWR) switch for 2 seconds to turn the transceiver back on
Just press and hold in the
after an APO shutdown, as usual.
TRANSMITTER TIME-OUT TIMER (TOT)
The TOT feature provides a safety switch which limits transmission to a pre-programmed
value. This will promote battery conservation by not allowing you to make excessivelylong transmissions, and in the event of a stuck PTT switch (perhaps if the radio or a Speaker/
Mic is wedged between car seats) it can prevent interference to other users as well as
battery depletion. As configured at the factory the TOT feature is set to OFF, and here is the
procedure for activating it:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Save Modes #4: TOT).
3. Press the
or
key to set the Time-Out Timer to the
desired “Maximum TX” time (1 minute, 2.5 minutes, 5
minutes, or 10 minutes).
4. Once you’re made the selection you wish to use, press the
PTT key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Since brief transmissions are the mark of a good operator, try setting up your
radio’s TOT feature for a maximum transmission time of 1 minute. This will
significantly improve battery life, too!
42
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
ADVANCED OPERATION
BUSY CHANNEL LOCK-OUT (BCLO)
The BCLO feature prevents the radio’s transmitter from being activated if a signal strong
enough to break through the “noise” squelch is present. On a frequency where stations
using different CTCSS or DCS codes may be active, BCLO prevents you from disrupting
their communications accidentally (because your radio may be muted by its own Tone
Decoder). The default setting for the BCLO is OFF, and here is how to change that setting:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #1: BCLO).
3. Press the
or
key to set this Menu Item to “ON”
(thus activating the BCLO feature).
4. Press the PTT key to save the new setting and resume
normal operation.
MIC MONITOR
The MIC Monitor feature allows you to monitor your voice signal when using the optional
VC-27 Earpiece/Microphone.
Connect the VC-27 Earpiece/Microphone to the MIC/SP jack.
Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #19: MIC MONITOR).
Press the
or
key to set this Menu Item to “ON”
(thus activating the MIC Monitor feature). The VX-7R
exit from the Set mode.
5. The VX-7R’s internal microphone will now pick up the
sound around the transceiver, then output its to the VC-27 Earpiece/Microphone.
or
key to
6. To disable the MIC Monitor feature, repeat steps 2 - 4, pressing the
select “OFF,” then press the PTT key.
1.
2.
3.
4.
When this feature is activated without the VC-27 Earpiece/Microphone connected, the VX-7R will develop a howling “feedback” condition.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
43
ADVANCED OPERATION
CHANGING THE TX DEVIATION LEVEL
In many areas of the world, channel congestion has required that operating channels be
closely spaced. In such operating environments, it often is required that operators use
reduced deviation levels, so as to reduce the potential for interference to users on adjacent
channels. The VX-7R includes a simple method of accomplishing this:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #6: HALF DEVIATION).
3. Press the
or
key to change this setting to ON. In
this configuration (HALF DEVIATION active), the
transmitter’s deviation will be approximately ±2.5 kHz.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key
to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
The “normal” setting for the deviation (when this Menu Item is set to OFF) is
±5 kHz.
44
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY MODE
The VX-7R provides a wide variety of memory system resources. These include:
r Regular Memory Channels, which made up of:
¦ 450 “Standard” memory channels, numbered “1” through “450.”
¦ 12 (USA version) or 11 (EXP version) Home channels, providing storage and
quick recall of one prime frequency on each operating band.
¦ 20 sets of band-edge memories also known as “Programmable Memory Scan”
channels, labeled “L1/U1” through “L20/U20.”
¦ Nine Memory Groups, labeled “MG1” through “MG9.” Each Memory Group can
be assigned 48 channels from the “standard” memory channel bank.
r Ten One-Touch Memory Channels
r Ten “Hyper-Memory” Channels
r Ten “Weather Broadcast” Channles
r 89 popular Short-wave Broadcast Station Memory Channels.
r 280 VHF Marine Channels.
L19/U19
L20/U20
L1/U1
L2/U2
HYP9
HYP8
HYP1
HYP2
HYP3
HYP0
WX9
Hyper Memory Channels
(10 channels)
WX10
WX1
WX2
WX3
WX4
Action Band-2
50 MHz Band
144 MHz Band
222 MHz Band
430 MHz Band
Action Band-1
UHF-TV Band
SW Band
FM BC Band
AIR Band
VHF-TV Band
BC Band
HOME Channels
(USA: 12 channels, EXP: 11 channels) Weather Broadcast Channels
(10 channels)
L3/U3
L4/U4
PMS Memory Channels
(20 Sets)
OTM8
OTM9
OTM3
OTM0
OTM1
OTM2
One-Touch Memory Channels
(10 channels)
MR450
MR449
MR1
MR2
MR3
MR4
Standard Memory Channels
(450 channels)
222 MHz Band:
USA version only
Short-wave Broadcast Station Memory Channels
(89 channels)
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
Marine Channels
(280 channels)
45
MEMORY MODE
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Storage
1. Select the desired frequency, while operating in the VFO mode. Be sure to set up any
desired CTCSS or DCS tones, as well as any desired repeater offset. The power level
may also be set at this time, if you wish to store it.
2. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second.
3. Within five seconds of releasing the
key, rotate the DIAL to select the desired
memory channel. The microprocessor will automatically select the next-available “free”
channel (a memory register on which no data has been
stored). If you see an Asterisk (Û) by any channel number, it means that the channel currently has no data written
on it (i.e. the channel is “free”.)
4. Press the
key once more to store the frequency into memory..
5. You still will be operating in the “VFO” mode, so you may now enter other frequencies, and store them into additional memory locations, by repeating the above process.
You may change the automatic memory channel selection feature to select
the “next-highest memory channel above the last-stored memory channel”
by instead of the “next-available ‘free’ channel” via the Menu Item labeled
(Basic Setup #12 MW MODE ); see page 85.
Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies (“Odd Splits”)
All memories can store an independent transmit frequency, for operation on repeaters with
non-standard shift. To do this:
1. Store the receive frequency using the method already described under MEMORY
STORAGE (it doesn’t matter if a repeater offset is active).
2. Turn to the desired transmit frequency, then press and hold in the
key for 1/2
second.
3. Within five seconds of releasing the
key, rotate the DIAL to select the same memory
channel number as used in step “1” above.
4. Press and hold in the PTT switch, then press the
key once more momentarily
while holding the PTT switch in (this does not key the transmitter).
Whenever you recall a memory which contains independently-stored transmit
and receive frequencies, the “ ” indication will appear in the display..
46
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY MODE
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Recall
1. While operating in the VFO mode, press the
enter the Memory mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired channel.
3. To return to the VFO mode, press the
key..
key to
1) When the radio is already set to the Memory mode, an easy way to recall
memories is to key in the memory channel number, then press the
key..
For example, to recall memory channel #14, press
à
à
.
2) Memory channels on which you may have stored frequencies outside the amateur
bands cannot be recalled on the SUB band.
HOME Channel Memory
A special one-touch “HOME” channel is available (one for
each of the 12 (USA version) or 11 (EXP version) operating
bands: see page 15), to allow quick recall of a favorite operating frequency on each band. Memory storage is simple to accomplish:
1. Select the desired frequency, while operating in the VFO mode. Be sure to set up any
desired CTCSS or DCS tones, as well as any desired repeater offset. The power level
may also be set at this time, if you wish to store it.
2. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second.
3. While the memory channel number is blinking, just press the
key. The frequency
and other data (if any) will now be stored in the special HOME channel register.
4. You may repeat this process on the other operating bands.
5. To recall the HOME channel, press the
key, then press the
key while operating either in the VFO or MR mode.
Note that the UHF HOME channel is the one used during “Emergency” operation. See page 39 for details regarding this feature.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
47
MEMORY MODE
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Labeling Memories
You may wish to append an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label) to a memory or memories, to aid
in recollection of the channel’s use (such as a club name, etc.). This is easily accomplished
using the Set mode.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Recall the memory channel on which you wish to append a label.
Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic Setup #11: NAME SET).
Press the
key momentarily to enable programming of
the name tag.
Press the
/
key, or one of the keyboard keys, to
select the first digit of the desired label.
Example 1: Press the
key, then press the
or
key to select any of the 61
available characters.
Example 2: Press the
key repeatedly to toggle among the seven available characters associated with that key: A à B à C à a à b à c à 2
Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise to move to the next character.
Repeat steps 4 and 5 to program the remaining letters,
numbers, or symbols of the desired label. A total of eight
characters may be used in the creation of a label.
When you have completed the creation of the label, press
the PTT key to save the label and exit.
During “MR” (Memory Recall) operation, the alphanumeric Tag will appear below the frequency
display. The alphanumeric Tag does not appear if
you activate the Dual Receive Operation.
48
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY MODE
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Offset Tuning
Once you have recalled a particular memory channel, you may easily tune off that channel,
as though you were in the “VFO” mode.
1. With the VX-7R in the “MR” (Memory Recall) mode, select the desired memory channel.
2. Now press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second. The “MR” indicator will be replaced by one which says “MT” (“Memory Tuning”).
3. Rotate the DIAL, as desired, to tune to a new frequency.
The synthesizer steps selected for VFO operation on the
current band will be the steps used during Memory Tuning.
4. If you wish to return to the original memory frequency, press and hold in the
key
for 1/2 second. The “MT” indicator will be replaced by “MR.”
5. If you wish to store a new frequency set during Memory Tuning, just press and hold in
the
key for 1/2 second, per normal memory storage procedure. The microprocessor will automatically set itself to the next-available clear memory location, and you
then press
again to lock in the new frequency..
If you want to replace the original memory contents with those of the new
frequency, be sure to rotate the DIAL to the original memory channel number!
Any required CTCSS/DCS changes, or repeater offset modifications, must be done before
storing the data into the new (or original) memory channel location.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
49
MEMORY MODE
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Masking Memories
There may be situations where you want to “Mask” memories so they are not visible during
memory selection or scanning. For example, several memories used only in a city you visit
infrequently may be stored, then “Masked” until you visit that city, at which time you can
“Unmask” them for normal use.
1. Press the
key, if needed, to enter the MR mode.
2. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second, then rotate the DIAL to select the memory
channel to be “Masked” from view.
3. Press the
key. The display will revert to memory channel #1. If you rotate the
DIAL to the location you just “Masked,” you will observe that it is now invisible.
4. To Unmask the hidden memory, repeat the above procedure: press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second, rotate the DIAL to select the masked memory’s umber, then press
to restore the memory channel’s data.
Watch out! You can manually store data over a “Masked” memory, deleting
previous data, if you’re not careful. Use the “next available memory” technique (look for the [Û] icon) storage technique to avoid over-writing a masked
memory.
50
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY MODE
REGULAR MEMORY CHANNEL OPERATION
Memory Group Operation
Memory Group Assignment
1. Recall the memory channel to be assigned to a Memory Group.
2. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 seconds, then press the numbered key (
you want as the Memory Group for this channel.
3. Now memory channel data is copied into the Memory Group.
~)
Memory Group Recall
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode on the “Main” Band by pressing the
key, if
necessary.
2. Press the
key, then press the
key to recall the
Special Memory Menu.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the “2 MR Group” mode.
4. Press the PTT switch to activate the “Memory Group” mode.
5. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired Memory Group
(“MG1” ~ “MG9”).
6. Press the
key momentarily to lock in the selected
Memory Group.
7. In the Memory Group mode of operation, you can only select memory channels in the
current memory group (up to 48 channels).
8. To change the Memory Group to another Group, press the
key momentarily, then
rotate the DIAL knob.
9. To exit from Memory Group operation, recall the Special Memory Menu (press
+
) then change its setting to “1 OFF.”
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
51
MEMORY MODE
Moving Memory Data to the VFO
Data stored on memory channels can easily be moved to VFO, if you like.
1. Select the memory channel containing the frequency data to be moved to VFO.
2. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second, then press the
key. The data will
now have been copied to VFO, although the original memory contents will remain
intact on the previously-stored channel.
If a Split Frequency Memory channel was transferred, the Tx frequency will be
ignored (you will be set up for Simplex operation on the Receive frequency).
Memory Only Mode
Once memory channel programming has been completed, you may place the radio in a
“Memory Only” mode, whereby VFO operation is impossible. This may be particularly
useful during public-service events where a number of operators may be using the radio for
first time, and ultimate simplicity of channel selection is desired.
To place the radio into the Memory Only mode, turn the radio off. Now press and hold in
the
key while turning the radio on.
To return to normal operation, repeat the above power-on procedure.
52
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY MODE
HYPER MEMORY MODE
The VX-7R usually stores, into memory, the operating frequency and some aspects of
operating status (such as CTCSS/DCS data, repeater shift, power level etc.). However, the
“Hyper Memory” Mode allows you to store the total current configuration of the radio into
a special “Hyper” memory bank.
For example, a Hyper Memory location may store the frequencies of both the “Main” and
“Sub” bands, plus Spectrum Scope operational status, Scanning features, etc.
Hyper Memory Storage
1. Set up the transceiver according to the desired configuration, including parameters
such as Spectrum Scope operation, PMS scanning, etc.
2. Press and hold in the numeric key (
through
), corresponding to the Hyper
Memory channel into which you wish to store this configuration, for 2 seconds.
In order to prevent accidental storage, the Hyper Memory Storage feature may
be locked out via Menu Item (Basic Setup #14 HYPER WRITE ).
Hyper Memory Recall
1. Press the
key, then press the
key, to recall the Special Memory Menu.
2. Rotate the DIAL konb to select the “4 HYP” mode.
3. Press the PTT switch to activate the “Hyper Memory”
mode.
4. Press the appropriate numeric key (
through
) to
recall the desired Hyper Memory channel.
5. To exit the Hyper Memory mode, recall the Special
Memory Menu (press
+
), then change its setting
to “1 OFF.”
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
53
MEMORY MODE
ONE-TOUCH MEMORY MODE
The One-Touch feature allows you to recall up to ten favorite frequencies directly via the
numeric (
through
) keys.
One-Touch Memory Storage
1. Select the desired frequency, while operating in the VFO mode. Be sure to set up any
desired CTCSS or DCS tones, as well as any desired repeater offset. The power level
may also be set at this time, if you wish to store it.
2. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second.
3. Within five seconds of releasing the
key, rotate the
DIAL to select the desired One-Touch Memory channel,
which will be labeled “OTM0” through “OTM9.”
4. Press the
key once more to store the frequency into
the selected One-Touch Memory.
5. You still will be operating in the “VFO” mode, so you may now enter other frequencies, and store them into additional One-Touch Memory locations, by repeating the
above process.
One-Touch Memory Recall
Set the VX-7R to Mono band operation on the “Main” band.
Press the
key, then press the
key to recall the Special Memory Menu.
Rotate the DIAL knob to select the “3 OTM” mode.
Press the PTT switch to activate the “One-Touch Memory”
mode.
5. Press the numeric key (
through
) corresponding to
the One-Touch memory you wish to recall.
6. To exit the One-Touch Memory mode, recall the Special
Memory Menu (press
+
), then change its setting
to “1 OFF.”
1.
2.
3.
4.
54
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY MODE
SHORT-WAVE BROADCAST STATION MEMORY CHANNELS
The Short-wave Broadcast Station Memory Channel Bank has been pre-programmed at
the factory, for quick selection of broadcast stations.
1. Set the VX-7R to Mono band operation on the “Main” band.
2. Press the
key, then press the
key, to recall the
Special Memory Menu.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the “5 BC Station” mode.
4. Press the PTT switch to activate the “BC Station” mode.
5. Rotate the DIAL to select any of the 89 available Broadcast Stations.
6. To exit the BC Station mode, recall the Special Memory
Menu (press
+
), then change its setting to “1
OFF.”
BROADCAST STATION FREQUENCY LIST
LST
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
Freq. MODE
Tag
(MHz)
6.030
AM
VOA
6.160
AM
VOA
9.760
AM
VOA
11.930
AM
VOA
5.995
AM
Canada
7.235
AM
Canada
9.735
AM
Canada
11.705
AM
Canada
6.195
AM
BBC
9.410
AM
BBC
12.095
AM
BBC
15.310
AM
BBC
6.045
AM
France
9.790
AM
France
11.670
AM
France
15.525
AM
France
3.955
AM
DW
6.075
AM
DW
9.545
AM
DW
9.735
AM
DW
6.060
AM
Italy
7.175
AM
Italy
9.515
AM
Italy
17.710
AM
Italy
3.985
AM
Swiss
6.165
AM
Swiss
9.885
AM
Swiss
15.220
AM
Swiss
5.985
AM
Belgium
9.925
AM
Belgium
11.780
AM
Belgium
13.740
AM
Belgium
5.955
AM
Holland
6.020
AM
Holland
9.895
AM
Holland
11.655
AM
Holland
9.590
AM Denmark
9.985
AM Denmark
13.800
AM Denmark
15.735
AM Denmark
9.780
AM
Portugal
11.960
AM
Portugal
15.555
AM
Portugal
21.655
AM
Portugal
Station Name
Voice of America
Voice of America
Voice of America
Voice of America
Radio Canada International
Radio Canada International
Radio Canada International
Radio Canada International
British Broadcasting Corporation
British Broadcasting Corporation
British Broadcasting Corporation
British Broadcasting Corporation
Radio France International
Radio France International
Radio France International
Radio France International
Deutsche Welle
Deutsche Welle
Deutsche Welle
Deutsche Welle
Italian Radio International
Italian Radio International
Italian Radio International
Italian Radio International
Swiss Radio International
Swiss Radio International
Swiss Radio International
Swiss Radio International
Radio Vlaanderen International
Radio Vlaanderen International
Radio Vlaanderen International
Radio Vlaanderen International
Radio Nederland
Radio Nederland
Radio Nederland
Radio Nederland
Radio Denmark
Radio Denmark
Radio Denmark
Radio Denmark
Radio Portugal
Radio Portugal
Radio Portugal
Radio Portugal
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
LST
No.
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
Freq. MODE
Tag
Station Name
(MHz)
7.270
AM
Spain
Radio Exterior de Espana
9.520
AM
Spain
Radio Exterior de Espana
11.920
AM
Spain
Radio Exterior de Espana
15.585
AM
Spain
Radio Exterior de Espana
6.090
AM
Luxembrg Radio Luxembourg
7.485
AM
Norway Radio Norway International
9.590
AM
Norway Radio Norway International
9.985
AM
Norway Radio Norway International
13.800
AM
Norway Radio Norway International
6.065
AM
Sweden Radio Sweden
9.490
AM
Sweden Radio Sweden
13.625
AM
Sweden Radio Sweden
17.505
AM
Sweden Radio Sweden
6.120
AM
Finland Radio Finland
9.630
AM
Finland Radio Finland
11.755
AM
Finland Radio Finland
9.795
AM
Finland Radio Finland
5.940
AM
Russia Voice of Russia
5.920
AM
Russia Voice of Russia
7.205
AM
Russia Voice of Russia
12.030
AM
Russia Voice of Russia
9.435
AM
Israel
Israel Broadcasting Authority
11.585
AM
Israel
Israel Broadcasting Authority
15.615
AM
Israel
Israel Broadcasting Authority
17.545
AM
Israel
Israel Broadcasting Authority
6.045
AM
India
All India Radio (AIR)
9.595
AM
India
All India Radio (AIR)
11.620
AM
India
All India Radio (AIR)
15.020
AM
India
All India Radio (AIR)
7.190
AM
China China Radio International (CRI)
5.250
AM
China China Radio International (CRI)
9.855
AM
China China Radio International (CRI)
11.685
AM
China China Radio International (CRI)
5.975
AM
Korea Radio Korea
7.275
AM
Korea Radio Korea
9.570
AM
Korea Radio Korea
13.670
AM
Korea Radio Korea
6.155
AM
Japan Radio Japan
7.200
AM
Japan Radio Japan
9.750
AM
Japan Radio Japan
11.850
AM
Japan Radio Japan
5.995
AM
Australi Radio Australia
9.580
AM
Australi Radio Australia
9.660
AM
Australi Radio Australia
12080
AM
Australi Radio Australia
55
MEMORY MODE
VHF MARINE MEMORY CHANNELS
The VHF Marine Channel Bank has been pre-programmed at the factory, for quick selection.
1. Set the VX-7R to Mono band operation on the “Main” band.
2. Press the
key, then press the
key, to recall the
Special Memory Menu.
3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the “6 Marine” mode.
4. Press the PTT switch to activate the “VHF Marine Channel” mode.
5. Rotate the DIAL to select any of the 280 available VHF
Marine Channels.
6. To exit the VHF Marine Channel mode, recall the Special
Memory Menu (press
+
), then change its setting to “1OFF.”
VHF MARINE CHANNEL FREQUENCY LIST
CH Frequency CH Frequency CH Frequency CH Frequency CH Frequency CH Frequency CH Frequency
(MHz)
(MHz)
(MHz)
(MHz)
(MHz)
(MHz)
(MHz)
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
0
156.000
41
158.050
82
157.125 123
159.075 164
160.100 205
161.125 246
155.875
1
156.050
42
158.100
83
157.175 124
159.100 165
160.125 206
161.150 247
155.850
2
156.100
43
158.150
84
157.225 125
159.125 166
160.150 207
161.175 248
155.825
3
156.150
44
158.200
85
157.275 126
159.150 167
160.175 208
161.200 249
155.800
4
156.200
45
158.250
86
157.325 127
159.175 168
160.200 209
161.225 250
155.775
5
156.250
46
158.300
87
157.375 128
159.200 169
160.225 210
161.250 251
155.750
6
156.300
47
158.350
88
157.425 129
159.225 170
160.250
211
161.275 252
155.725
7
156.350
48
158.400
89
157.475 130
159.250 171
160.275 212
161.300 253
155.700
8
156.400
49
158.450
90
157.525 131
159.275 172
160.300 213
161.325 254
155.675
9
156.450
50
158.500
91
157.575 132
159.300 173
160.325 214
161.350 255
155.650
10
156.500
51
158.550
92
157.625 133
159.325 174
160.350 215
161.375 256
155.625
11
156.550
52
158.600
93
157.675 134
159.350 175
160.375 216
161.400 257
155.600
12
156.600
53
158.650
94
157.725 135
159.375 176
160.400 217
161.425 258
155.575
13
156.650
54
158.700
95
157.775 136
159.400 177
160.425 218
161.450 259
155.550
14
156.700
55
158.750
96
157.825 137
159.425 178
160.450 219
161.475 260
155.525
15
156.750
56
158.800
97
157.875 138
159.450 179
160.475 220
161.500 261
155.500
16
156.800
57
158.850
98
157.925 139
159.475 180
160.500 221
161.525 262
155.475
17
156.850
58
158.900
99
157.975 140
159.500 181
160.525 222
161.550 263
155.450
18
156.900
59
158.950 100
158.025 141
159.525 182
160.550 223
161.575 264
155.425
19
156.950
60
156.025 101
158.075 142
159.550 183
160.575 224
161.600 265
155.400
20
157.000
61
156.075 102
158.125 143
159.575 184
160.600 225
161.625 266
155.375
21
157.050
62
156.125 103
158.175 144
159.600 185
160.625 226
161.650 267
155.350
22
157.100
63
156.175 104
158.225 145
159.625 186
160.650 227
161.675 268
155.325
23
157.150
64
156.225 105
158.275 146
159.650 187
160.675 228
161.700 269
155.300
24
157.200
65
156.275 106
158.325 147
159.675 188
160.700 229
161.725 270
155.275
25
157.250
66
156.325 107
158.375 148
159.700 189
160.725 230
161.750 271
155.250
26
157.300
67
156.375 108
158.425 149
159.725 190
160.750 231
161.775 272
155.225
27
157.350
68
156.425 109
158.475 150
159.750 191
160.775 232
161.800 273
155.200
28
157.400
69
156.475
110
158.525 151
159.775 192
160.800 233
161.825 274
155.175
29
157.450
70
156.525
111
158.575 152
159.800 193
160.825 234
161.850 275
155.150
30
157.500
71
156.575
112
158.625 153
159.825 194
160.850 235
161.875 276
155.125
31
157.550
72
156.625
113
158.675 154
159.850 195
160.875 236
161.900 277
155.100
32
157.600
73
156.675
114
158.725 155
159.875 196
160.900 237
161.925 278
155.075
33
157.650
74
156.725
115
158.775 156
159.900 197
160.925 238
161.950 279
155.050
34
157.700
75
–
116
158.825 157
159.925 198
160.950 239
161.975 280
155.025
35
157.750
76
–
117
158.875 158
159.950 199
160.975 240
162.000 281
155.000
36
157.800
77
156.875
118
158.925 159
159.975 200
161.000 241
162.025
37
157.850
78
156.925
119
158.975 160
160.000 201
161.025 212
155.975
38
157.900
79
156.975 120
159.000 161
160.025 202
161.050 243
155.950
39
157.950
80
157.025 121
159.025 162
160.050 203
161.075 244
155.925
40
158.000
81
157.075 122
159.050 163
160.075 204
161.100 245
155.900
56
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
The VX-7R allows you to scan just the memory channels, the entire operating band, or a
portion of that band. It will halt on signals encountered, so you can talk to the station(s) on
that frequency, if you like.
Scanning operation is basically the same in each of the above modes. Before you begin,
take a moment to select the way in which you would like the scanner to resume scanning
after it halts on a signal.
Setting the Scan-Resume Technique
Three options for the Scan-Resume mode are available:
3 SEC/5 SEC/10 SEC: In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters, and
will hold there for the selected resume time. If you do not take
action to disable the scanner within that time period, the scanner
will resume even if the stations are still active.
BUSY:
In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. Two
seconds after the carrier has dropped because the other station(s)
ceased transmission, the scanner will resume. In the case of constant-carrier signals like Weather Station broadcasts, the scanner
will likely remain on this frequency indefinitely.
HOLD:
In this mode, the scanner will halt on a signal it encounters. It will
not restart automatically; you must manually re-initiate scanning
if you wish to resume.
To set the Scan-Resume mode:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Scan Modes #3: RESUME).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired scan-resume mode.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key
to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
The default condition for this Menu Item is “5 SEC.”
Setting the Squelch Level during active Scanning operation
The VX-7R allows adjustment of the Squelch level “on the fly” while you are scanning.
1. While the scanner is engaged, press the
key, then press the
squelch level will appear below the frequency display).
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired Squelch level.
3. Press the PTT switch momentarily to save the new setting
and exit to normal operation. In this case, pressing the
PTT switch this one time will not causing scanning to stop.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
key (the current
57
SCANNING
VFO SCANNING
This mode allows you to scan the entire current operating band.
1. Select the VFO mode by pressing the
key, if necessary..
2. Press the
key, then press the
key to start scanning.
3. If and when the scanner encounters a signal strong enough to open the squelch, the
scanner will halt temporarily; the decimal point of the frequency display will blink
during this “Pause” condition.
4. The scanner will then resume according to the Scan-Resume mode selected in the
previous section.
5. To cancel scanning, press the PTT or
key..
When you start scanning, the VX-7R will be changing frequency in the upward direction. If you want to change direction of the scan while it is underway, rotate the DIAL one click in the opposite direction (in this case, one click
counter-clockwise). You’ll see the scanner turn around and change frequency downward!
You may change the scanning operation so that the VFO frequency will jump to the low
band edge of the next band when the VFO frequency reaches the high edge of the current
band (or vice versa). See page 95 regarding Menu Item (Misc Setup #10 VFO MODE).
MEMORY SCANNING
Memory scanning is similarly easy to initiate:
1. Set the radio to the Memory mode by pressing the
key, if necessary..
2. Press the
key, then press the
key to initiate scanning.
3. As with VFO scanning, the scanner will halt on any signal encountered that is strong
enough to open the squelch; it will then resume scanning according to the Scan-Resume mode set previously.
4. To cancel scanning, press the PTT or
key..
On the “Sub” band, Memory Channel scan will search through only the memory
channels which are stored inside the amateur bands.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
MEMORY SCANNING
Temporary Memory Skip
If the scanner repeatedly stops on a channel due to temporary noise or interference, you
can temporarily mark it to be skipped (except for Memory Channel “1”). The channel will
be skipped until you manually stop the scan (by pressing the PTT switch, for example).
To skip a channel temporarily, press the
key, then press the
key while the scanner
has stopped on the channel to be skipped. The scanner will instantaneously resume, and
that channel will not be scanned during this scanning session.
How to Skip (Omit) a Channel During Memory Scan Operation
As mentioned previously, some continuous-carrier stations like a Weather Broadcast station will seriously impede scanner operation if you are using the “Carrier Drop” ScanResume mode, as the incoming signal will not pause long enough for the transceiver to
resume scanning. Such channels may be “Skipped” during scanning, if you like:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Set the radio to the Memory Mode by pressing the
key, if necessary..
Rotate the DIAL to select the Memory Channel to be skipped during scanning.
Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic
Setup #13: MEMO SCAN MODE).
5. Press the
or
key so as to select “SKIP.” The cur-rent Memory Channel will now be ignored during scanning. The “PREFERENTIAL” selection is used for “Preferential Memory Scan,” described in the next column.
6. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key to save the settings and exit to
normal operation.
A small “t” icon will appear when you recall the “skipped”
memory channel manually.
To re-institute a channel into the scanning loop, select “OFF”
in step 5 above (the “Skipped” channel will, of course, still be
accessible via manual channel selection methods using the DIAL in the MR mode, whether
or not it is locked out of the scanning loop).
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
59
SCANNING
MEMORY SCANNING
Preferential Memory Scan
The VX-7R also allows you to set up a “Preferential Scan List” of channels which you can
“flag” within the memory system. These channels are designated by a “ ” icon when you
have selected them, one by one, for the Preferential Scan List. When you initiate memory
scanning on a channel with the “ ” icon appended, only those channels bearing the “ ”
icon will be scanned. If you initiate scanning on a channel which does not have the “ ”
icon appended, you will scan all channels including those with the “ ” icon appended.
1) Here is the procedure for setting up and using the Preferential Scan List:
1. Press the
key momentarily to enter the Memory Recall mode, if you are not using
memories already.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the channel which you wish to add to the Preferential Scan
List.
3. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
4. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Basic Setup #13: MEMO SCAN
MODE).
5. Press the
or
key so as to select “PREFERENTIAL.”
6. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key to
save the settings and exit to normal operation.
2) To initiate Preferential Memory Scan:
1. Press the
key momentarily to enter the Memory Recall mode, if you are not using
memories already.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select any channel which has an “ ”
icon appended to the channel number.
3. Press the
key, then press the
key to initiate Preferential Memory Scanning. Only the channels which have
an “ ” icon appended to the channel number will be scanned.
60
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SCANNING
PROGRAMMABLE (BAND LIMIT) MEMORY SCAN (PMS)
This feature allows you to set sub-band limits for either scanning or manual VFO operation. For example, you might with to set up a limit (in North America) of 144.300 MHz to
148.000 MHz so as to prevent encroachment into the SSB/CW “Weak Signal” portion of
the band below 144.300 MHz. Here’s how to do this:
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode by pressing the
key, if necessary..
2. Using the techniques learned earlier, store (per the above
concept) 144.300 MHz into Memory Channel #L1 (the
“L” designates the Lower sub-band limit).
3. Likewise, store 148.000 MHz into Memory Channel #U1
(the “U” designates the Upper sub-band limit).
4. Switch to the Memory mode by pressing the
key once, then rotate the DIAL to
select Memory Channel # L1.
5. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second to start PMS
operation; the “MR” label will be replaced by “PMS” in
the upper left-hand corner of the display. Tuning and canning will now be limited within the just-programmed range.
6. 20 pairs of Band Limit memories, labeled L1/U1 through L20/U20 are available. You
therefore can set upper and lower operation limits on a number of bands, if you like.
“PRIORITY CHANNEL” SCANNING (DUAL WATCH)
The VX-7R’s scanning features include a two-channel scanning capability which allows
you to operate on a VFO or Memory channel, while periodically checking a user-defined
Memory Channel for activity. If a station is received on the Memory Channel which is
strong enough to open the Squelch, the scanner will pause on that station in accordance
with the Scan-Resume mode set via Menu Item (Scan Modes #3: RESUME). See page 56.
Here is the procedure for activating Priority Channel Dual Watch operation:
key momentarily to enter the Memory Recall mode, if you are not using
1. Press the
memories already.
key for 1/2 second, then select the memory channel you
2. Press and hold in the
wish to be the “Priority” channel.
3. Press the
key. When rotate the DIAL to select the “Priority” channel, a “P” icon
(for the “Main” band priority channel) or “p” icon (for the “Sub” band priority channel) will appear to the right of the “MR” icon, indicating it is the Priority channel.
3. Now set the VX-7R for operation on another memory channel, or on a VFO frequency.
4. Press the
key, then press the
key. The display will
remain on the VFO or memory channel selected, but every five seconds the VX-7R will check the Priority Channel for activity.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
61
SCANNING
AUTOMATIC LAMP ILLUMINATION ON SCAN STOP
The VX-7R will automatically illuminate the LCD Lamp whenever the scanner stops on a
signal; this allows you to see the frequency of the incoming signal better at night. Note that
this will, of course, increase the battery consumption, so be sure to switch it off during the
day (the default condition for this feature is “ON”).
The procedure for disabling the Scan Lamp is:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Scan
Modes #4: SCAN LAMP).
3. Press the
or
key to set this Menu Item to OFF.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT to
save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
BAND EDGE BEEPER
The VX-7R will automatically “beep” when a band edge is encountered during scanning
(either in standard VFO scanning or during PMS operation). You may enable this feater
(band edge beeper) when the frequency reaches the band edge while selecting the VFO
frequency by the DIAL.
The procedure for disabling the Band-Edge Beeper is:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Scan
Modes #2: EDGE BEEP).
or
key to set this Menu Item to ON.
3. Press the
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT to
save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SPECTRUM ANALYZER OPERATION
The Spectrum Analyzer allows viewing operating activity on channels above or below the
current operating channel in the VFO mode.
The display indicates the relative signal strength on channels immediately adjacent to the
current operating frequency.
The Spectrum Analyzer feature can only be activated while the VX-7R is operating in the Mono band mode.
Two basic operating modes for Spectrum Analyzer are available:
1:
In this mode, the transceiver sweeps the current band once.
CONTINUOUS: In this mode, the transceiver sweeps the current band repeatedly until
pressing the
key, or the Spectrum Analyzer is turned off.
Setting up the Spectrum Analyzer mode:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Scan Modes 6: SPEC-ANALYZER1).
3. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired Spectrum Analyzer
mode (see above).
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT to
save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
To activate the Spectrum Analyzer:
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode in the “Mono” band mode.
2. Press the
key, then press the
key to activate the
Spectrum Analyzer.
3. When the Spectrum Analyzer is activated, press the
or
key to change the visible bandwidth. Available selections are ±5, ±8, ±14, ±29, and ±60 channels (default: ±5 channels). The visible
bandwidth, however, depends on the selected channel step size, so match the default
channel steps with the amateur band you are using.
4. To turn the Spectrum Analyzer off and operate on the centered (and displayed) channel, press the
key to stop the sweep, if needed, then press the
key followed by
key..
Audio output normally is interrupted during Spectrum Analyzer operation.
You may enable the audio output of the signal on the center frequency (q)
when the Spectrum Analyzer is activated in the Amateur band via Menu Item
(Scan Modes #7 SPEC-ANALYZER 2 ). See page 90 for details.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
63
SMART SEARCH OPERATION
The Smart Search feature allows you to load frequencies automatically according to where
activity is encountered by your radio. When Smart Search is engaged, the transceiver will
search above and below your current frequency, storing active frequencies as it goes (without stopping on them even momentarily); these frequencies are stored into a special Smart
Search memory band, consisting of 31 memories (15 above the current frequency, 15 below the current frequency, plus the current frequency itself).
Two basic operating modes for Smart Search are available:
1:
In this mode, the transceiver will sweep the current band once in each
direction starting on the current frequency. All channels where activity is
present will be loaded into the Smart Search memories; whether or not all
31 memories are filled, the search will stop after one sweep in each direction.
CONTINUOUS: In this mode, the transceiver will make one pass in each direction as with
One-Shot searching; if all 31 channels are not filled after the first sweep,
however, the radio will continue sweeping until they are all filled.
The Smart Search feature can only be activated while the VX-7R is operating in
the Mono band mode.
Setting the Smart Search Mode
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Scan Mode #5: SMART SEARCH).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired Smart Search
mode (see above).
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT to
save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SMART SEARCH OPERATION
Storing Smart Search Memories
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode in the “Mono” band mode. Be sure that you have the
Squelch adjusted properly (so that band noise is quieted).
2. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Smart Search mode.
3. Press the
key to begin Smart Search scanning.
4. As active channels are detected, you will observe the number of “loaded” channels increasing in the regular memory
channel window.
5. Depending on the mode you set for Smart Search operation (“1” or “CONTINUOUS”),
the Smart Search scan will eventually terminate, and the LCD will revert to Smart
Search Memory Channel “C.”
6. To recall the Smart Search memories, rotate the DIAL to choose from among the Smart
Search memories.
7. To return to normal operation, press the
key, then press the
key..
Smart Search is a great tool when visiting a city for the first time. You don’t
need to spend hours looking up repeater frequencies from a reference
guidebook…just ask your VX-7R where the action is!
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
65
CHANNEL COUNTER OPERATION
The Channel Counter allows measuring of the frequency of a nearby transmitter, without
knowing that frequency in advance. The frequency can be measured by bringing the VX7R close to the transceiver which is transmitting.
The VX-7R performs a high-speed search within a ±5 MHz range from the frequency
displayed on the LCD. When the strongest signal in that range is identified, the VX-7R
displays the frequency of that (strongest) signal, and writes it into the special “Channel
Counter” memory.
Note: This Channel Counter is designed to provide an indication of the operating frequency of the incoming signal, one that is close enough to allow the user to tune precisely
to the other station’s frequency. This feature is not, however, designed to provide a precise
determination of the other station’s frequency.
The Channel Counter feature can only be activated while the VX-7R is operating in the Mono band mode.
1. Set the radio to the VFO mode in the predicted frequency range for the transmitter to
be measured with the “Mono” band mode engaged.
2. Bring the VX-7R into close proximity to the transmitter to be measured.
3. Press the
key, then press the
key to activate the
Channel Counter; the frequency of the nearby station will
be displayed. When the channel counter is active, a 50 dB
receiver front-end attenuator will be engaged. Therefore,
only stations in close proximity may have their frequencies measured using this feature.
4. If it isn’t possible to determine the signal’s frequency, the
transceiver will return to the frequency on which you were
operating when you started Channel Counter operation.
5. When you are finished, press the
key, then press the
key. The radio will exit
from Channel Counter operation.
Setting the Channel Counter Sweep Width
You may change the bandwidth of the Channel Counter. Available selections are ±5, ±10,
±50, and ±100 MHz (default: ±5 MHz).
Here is the procedure for setting the Channel Counter Bandwidth:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Scan
Modes #1: CH COUNTER).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired bandwidth.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT to
save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
INTERNET CONNECTION FEATURE
The VX-7R can be used to access the repeater which provide the Vertex Standard WIRESTM
(Wide-Coverage Internet Repeater Enhancement System).
key to activate the Internet Connection feature. The “
” icon will
1. Press the
appear in the upper left corner of the display.
2. Rotate the DIAL, while pressing and holding in the
key, to select the access
TM
number corresponding to the WIRES repeater to which
you wish to establish an Internet link (ask your repeater
owner/operator if you don’t know the access numbers in
the network). Now press the PTT switch to exit from the
selection mode.
3. With the Internet Connection feature activated (as in step 1 above), the VX-7R will
generate a brief (0.1 second) DTMF tone according to your selection in step 2. This
DTMF tone is sent at the beginning of every transmission to establish or maintain the
link to the remote WIRESTM repeater.
4. To disable the Internet Connection feature, press the
key again.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
67
SENSOR MODE
The VX-7R can display various information provided by internal sensors. Available selections are “Current Time,” “Battery Voltage,” “Temperature,” and “Audio Wave-form.”
Also, when the optional Barometric Pressure unit (SU-1) is installed, you get the unique
capability of providing readout of the current barometric pressure. This information is then
used for calculation of your current altitude and weather forecast.
The Barometric Pressure unit requires calibration of the “offset” parameters, so that differences in pressure can be used to calculate altitude. This procedure requires that you have a
calculated barometer, and that you know your current altitude. If you are at sea level, of
course, the latter parameter requires no research.
The Sensor mode can only display while the VX-7R is operating in the Mono
band mode (except the Weather Forecast mode). The internal sensor measures continuously unless the Sensor mode is disabled.
To display the sensor information:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Measurements #1: SENSOR DISPLAY).
3. Press the
or
key to select the sensor mode you
wish to display.
TIME: Indicates the current time.
DC:
Indicates the battery voltage and battery
type.
TEMP: Indicates the current temperature inside “TIME” select
the transceiver’s case.
WAVE: Depicts the (RX and TX) audio waveform.
BARO: Indicates the Barometric Pressure and
“TEMP” select
relative changes in the pressure (two bars
per hours) (requires SU-1).
ALTI: Indicates the Altitude (requires SU-1)
WX: Indicates the Weather Forecast (requires
“BARO” select
SU-1).
OFF: Disables the sensor information.
4. Press the PTT key momentarily to exit to normal
operation and display the sensor information on
the display.
“WX” select
“DC” select
“WAVE” select
“ALTI” select
To disable the display of sensor information, repeat the above procedure, pressing the
or
key to select OFF in step 3 above.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SENSOR MODE
1) The VX-7R’s Weather Forecast feature will only work properly if the altitude remains constant.
2) The VX-7R’s Weather Forecast feature will not be accurate when in the
immediate vicinity of an approaching hurricane/typhoon, on the boundary of a stationary front, etc.
3) The VX-7R’s Weather Forecast feature is designed to be a supplemental aid for the
information of the user. It must not be relied upon as a primary weather forecasting
tool, and Vertex Standard is not responsible for any damage or other liability arising
from its use.
SENSOR MODE OPTIONS
Clock Set
The VX-7R has a 24-hour clock with a calendar which covers all dates from January 1,
2000 through December 31, 2099 (accuracy: ±30 sec/month).
To set the clock:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #16: TIME SET).
3. Press the
key to enable setting of this Menu Item.
4. Press the
or
key to select the “year” setting.
5. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to select the “month” setting.
6. Repeat the above step to set the “day,” “day of the week,” “hour,” and “minute”
selections.
or
key to select “Timer
7. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
Signal” On (SIG) or Off (–).
8. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise, press the
key to start the clock from “00”
seconds.
9. When you have finished the time setup, press the PTT key to save the new setting and
return to normal operation.
The VX-7R’s has a rechargeable Li-Ion battery cell used just for the clock.
Therefore, the VX-7R can maintain its clock data for approximately two
months without using the main battery pack or external DC power.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
69
SENSOR MODE
SENSOR MODE OPTIONS
Selecting the Wave-Form Display
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Measurements #2: WAVE MONITOR).
3. Press the
or
key to select the desired wave form
(RX SIGNAL, TX MODULATION, or All).
4. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Selecting the Units of Temperature Display
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Measurements #3: TEMP UNIT).
3. Press the
or
key to select the preferred unit (°C
or °F).
4. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Selecting the Unit of Atmospheric Pressure Meter (Barometer)
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Measurements #4: BARO UNIT).
3. Press the
or
key to select the preferred unit (hpa/
mbar/mmHg/inch).
4. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Correcting the Atmospheric Pressure Meter (Barometer Offset)
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Measurements #5: BARO OFFSET).
3. Press the
key to enable setting of this Menu Item.
4. Press the
key to indicate the barometer data in “hpa”
units.
5. Press the
or
key to adjust the VX-7R display to the calibrated barometer
value in the “hpa” units.
6. Press the
key to save the new setting.
7. Press the PTT key momentarily to exit to normal operation.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SENSOR MODE
SENSOR MODE OPTIONS
Selecting the Units of Altitude
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Measurements #6: ALTITUDE UNIT).
3. Press the
or
key to select the preferred unit (m or
ft).
4. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
Correcting the Altimeter Setting (Altimeter Offset)
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Measurements #7: ALTITUDE
OFFSET).
3. Press the
key to enable setting of this Menu Item.
4. Press the
key to indicate the altimeter data in “m”
units.
5. Press the
or
key to adjust the VX-7R display to the true altitude at your
current location in “m” units.
6. Press the
key to save the new setting.
7. Press the PTT key momentarily to exit to normal operation.
Downloaded by
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
71
TIMER OPERATION
The VX-7R includes the capability to turn itself on/off at preset time. If you use these
features, you must first set the VX-7R’s clock, as described previously.
ON TIMER
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
Press the
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Save Modes #5: ON TIMER).
Press the
key to enable setting of this Menu Item.
Press the
or
key to set the “hour” at which you
want the radio to switch on.
5. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to set the “minute” at which you want the radio to switch on.
6. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise again, then press the
or
key to set this
Menu Item to “ON.”
7. Once you have made your selections, press the PTT key to save the new settings and
exit to normal operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
OFF TIMER
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
Press the
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Save Modes #6: OFF TIMER).
Press the
key to enable setting of this Menu Item.
Press the
or
key to set the “hour” at which you
want the radio to switch off.
5. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to set the “minute” at which you want the radio to switch off.
6. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise again, then press the
or
key to set this
Menu Item to “ON.”
7. Once you have made your selections, press the PTT key to save the new settings and
exit to normal operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
The VX-7R’s display includes several unique customization options which can expand
your enjoyment of your transceiver.
ICON MODE
The display’s alphanumeric labels can be replaced by pictorial icons, which may be easier
to remember during operation.
To activate the Icon mode:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #12: ICON SET).
3. Press the
or
key to set this Menu Item to ON.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT to
save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
5. The display will change to incorporate the default icons,
as stored in the microprocessor’s firmware.
The icon will be replaced by an alphanumeric label during dual band operation. You can, of
course, individually select the display items which
you wish to be represented by icons.
ICON SELECTION
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #14: ICON SELECT).
key to enable modification of this Menu
3. Press the
Item.
4. Press the
or
key to select the desired band or
mode on which you wish to utilize an Icon.
5. Turn the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to select the desired
Icon to be displayed in place of the regular indicator.
6. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
ICON List
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
73
DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
ICON EDITOR
The VX-7R has three Icon memory channels which may be customized by the user. Using
this feature, you may draw new Icons to be used in identifying features in a way easily
recognizable by you.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
74
Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #13: ICON EDITOR).
Press the
key to enable this Menu Item.
Press the
or
key to select the desired Icon memory
channel (I1 - I3).
A blinking dot will appear in the upper left corner of the
icon field.
Press the
,
,
, and
key to move the dot to
“upward,” “downward,” “leftward,” and “rightward” respectively. Bring the dot to desired point on the icon field,
then press the
key to set a dot at this point. Continue
moving the dot around the field, pressing
at each point where you wish a dot to
appear (adjacent dots will have the effect of creating a line).
Turn the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to select the desired
Icon to be displayed in place of the regular indicator.
Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
POWER-OFF DISPLAY MODE
When the VX-7R is turned off, the LCD may be set up to display one or more environmental measurements. These include temperature, barometric pressure, altitude, or combinations of these.
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display Setup #4: DISPLAY MODE).
3. Press the
or
key to select the new setting. The
options include
NONE:
No display when the transceiver is off.
TEMP:
Display of the current time plus temperature when the transceiver is off.
BARO:
Display of the current time plus barometric pressure when the transceiver is off (requires optional SU-1).
ALTI:
Display of the current time plus the current altitude when the transceiver is off (requires optional SU-1).
TEMP+BARO: Display of the current time, Temperature, and barometric pressure (requires optional SU-1).
TEMP+ALTI: Display of the current time, Temperature, and altitude (requires optional SU-1).
ALL:
Display of the current time, temperature, barometric pressure, and altitude (requires optional SU-1).
Note: the current time will always be displayed when the transceiver is off, except
when “NONE” is selected.
4. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key to save the new setting and
exit to normal operation.
If any of the above settings (except “NONE”) is enabled, the current drain
with the VX-7R turned off will be about 20 mA. We recommend that the
Power-Off Display Mode be set to “NONE” if you plan to be away from the
radio for an extended period of time.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
75
DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
S-AND TX POWER METER SYMBOLS
The VX-7R has six types of S- (Signal Strength) and TX Power Meter symbol formats
available. You may change the default setting to any of the available symbols.
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display
Setup #8: METER SYMBOL).
3. Press the
key to enable modification of this Menu
Item.
4. Press the
or
key to select the desired meter symbol type.
S1:
S2:
S3:
S4:
S5:
CHR:
5. When you have made your selection, press the PTT key to save the new setting and
exit to normal operation.
The S- and PO Meter Symbol may be changed to appear in the “Main” band
and “Sub” band locations separately.
Modification of the Default the S-and TX Power Meter Symbol
The default “
” symbol which is used for last meter type may be replaced by
several other symbols, if desired.
Here’s how to replace the default meter symbol:
1. Recall the last meter type, described previously.
2. Press the
key to enable modification of this Menu Item.
3. Rotate the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
/
key or keypad to select
the character in the first digit.
Example 1: Press the
or
key to select any of 61available characters (including letters, numbers, and special symbols).
Example 2: Press the
key repeatedly to toggle among the seven available characters: A à B à C à a à b à c à 2
4. Rotate the DIAL to move to the next digit.
5. Repeat previous steps 3 and 4 as necessary to complete (up to 8 characters).
6. When you have made your choice, press the
key, then press the PTT key to save
your selection and exit to normal operation.
You can create an original font, as described in the next column.
76
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
FONT EDITOR
The VX-7R has five Font memory channels which may be created the user.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Misc Setup #11: FONT EDITOR).
Press the
key to enable this Menu Item.
Press the
or
key to select the desired Font memory
channel (C1 - C5).
A blinking dot will appear in the upper left corner of the
font field.
Press the
,
,
, and
key to move the dot “upward,” “downward,” “lefttward,” and “rightward” respectively. Bring the dot to the desired point on the font
field, then press the
key to set a dot at this point. Continue moving the dot around
the field, pressing
at each point where you wish a dot to appear (adjacent dots will
have the effect of creating a line).
Turn the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to select the font to
be displayed in place of the regular indicator.
Press the PTT key momentarily to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
The original fonts also can be used for the alpha-numeric tag.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
77
DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
DISPLAY CONTRAST
The LCD’s contrast may be adjusted using the Menu, as well.
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
1. Press the
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display Setup #2: CONTRAST).
3. Press the
or
key to adjust the contrast. As you
make the adjustment, you will be able to see the effects of
your changes.
4. When you have completed the adjustment, press the PTT
key to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
DISPLAY DIMMER
The LCD and keypad illumination may be adjusted using the Menu, as well.
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display Setup #3: DIMMER).
3. Press the
or
key to adjust the display illumination for a comfortable brightness level. As you make the
adjustment, you will be able to see the effects of your
changes.
4. When you have completed the adjustment, press the PTT key to save the new setting
and exit to normal operation.
78
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
STROBE CUSTOMIZATION
The VX-7R’s STROBE also includes customization options.
COLOR Selection
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display Setup #7: LED COLOR 2).
Press the
key to enable modification of this Menu Item.
Press the
or
key to select the desired band or
status which you wish to utilize. Available selections are:
Main BUSY:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while
the squelch is open on the “Main” band.
Sub BUSY:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while the squelch is open on the
“Sub” band.
DUAL BUSY: Sets the STROBE color displayed during Dual Receive operation.
Main TX:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while transmitting on the “Main”
band.
Sub TX:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while transmitting on the “Sub”
band.
CHG Complete: Set the STROBE color when battery charging is finished.
5. Turn the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to select the desired
color to be illuminated in place of the regular color.
6. Press the PTT key momentarily to save the your new setting and exit to normal operation.
COLOR Editor
The exact color mix of the “STROBE’s” color selections may be adjusted, providing you
with a custom-designed color hue. The Red, Green, and Blue elements of each color’s
composition may be adjusted individually.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set Mode.
Rotate the DIAL to select the Menu Item labeled (Display Setup #6: LED COLOR 1).
key to enable modification of this Menu Item.
Press the
Press the
or
key to select the desired color which
you wish to edit.
Turn the DIAL one click clockwise, then press the
or
key to adjust the “R” (red) element of the color; you will be able to see the effects
of your changes; the degree of color hue is designated in a numerical scale of 0 through
255. If you press the
key, then press the
or
key, you can now change the
“R” element in 10-step increments, allowing very quick selection.
5. Repeat above step to adjust the “G” (Green) and “B” (Blue) elements of the color.
6. Press the
key to save the new setting, then press the PTT key to exit to normal
operation.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
79
RESET PROCEDURES
In some instances of erratic or unpredictable operation, the cause may be corruption of
data in the microprocessor (due to static electricity, etc.). If this happens, resetting of the
microprocessor may restore normal operation. Note that all memories will be erased if you
do a complete microprocessor reset, as described below.
MICROPROCESSOR RESETTING
To clear all memories and other settings to factory defaults:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the
,
, and
keys while turning the radio on.
3. Press the
key momentarily to reset all settings to their factory defaults (press any
other key to cancel the Reset procedure).
SET MODE RESETTING
To reset the Set (Menu) mode settings to their factory defaults:
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold in the
, and
keys while turning the radio on.
3. Press the
key momentarily to reset the Set (Menu) mode settings to their factory
defaults (press any other key to cancel the Reset procedure).
80
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
CLONING
The VX-7R includes a convenient “Clone” feature, which allows the memory and configuration data from one transceiver to be transferred to another VX-7R. This can be particularly useful when configuring a number of transceivers for a public service operation. Here
is the procedure for Cloning one radio’s data to another:
1. Turn both radios off.
2. Connect the user-constructed cloning cable and two optional CT-91 Microphone Adapters (one on each end) between the MIC/SP jacks of the two radios.
3. Press and hold in the
key while turning the radios on.
Do this for both radios (the order of switch-on does not
matter). “CLONE” will appear on the displays of both radios when the Clone mode is successfully activated in this
step.
4. On the Destination radio, press the
key (“CLONE
WAIT” will appear on the LCD).
5. Press the
key on the Source radio; “CLONE TX” will
appear on the Source radio, and the data from this radio
(Source radio )
will be transferred to the other radio.
6. If there is a problem during the cloning process, “CLONE
ERROR” will be displayed. Check your cable connections
and battery voltage, and try again.
7. If the data transfer is successful, “CLONE” will reappear
(Destination radio)
on both displays. Turn both radios off and disconnect the
cloning cable and CT-91s. You can then turn the radios back on, and begin normal
operation.
Connect
Connect
Cloning Cable
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
81
SET MODE
The VX-7R Set (Menu) mode, already described in parts of many previous chapters, is
easy to activate and set. It may be used for configuration of a wide variety of transceiver
parameters, some of which have not been detailed previously. Use the following procedure
to activate the Set (Menu) mode:
1. Press the
key, then press the
key to enter the Set mode.
2. Turn the DIAL to select the Menu Item to be adjusted.
3. Press the
/
key to adjust or select the parameter to be changed on the Menu
item selected in above step.
4. After completing your selection and adjustment, press the PTT switch momentarily to
exit the Set mode and exit to normal operation.
Some Menu Items must be enabled for adjustment by pressing the
fore selecting the parameter to be adjusted.
key be-
“MY MENU” Short-cut Key Setup
The MY MENU key function allows you to create a short-cut path for recall of one of
Menu Items. The
key then serves as the “Short-Cut” key..
Display Setup
Basic Setup
key while turning the radio on. This procedure switches the
1. Press and hold in the
key between the “Internet Connection” function and the “MY MENU” key function.
2. Recall the Menu Item which you wish to assign to the
key as a Menu short-cut.
3. Press and hold in the
key for 1/2 second to assign the Menu Item to the
key..
82
Set Mode Item
Function
Available Values
(Default: Bold Italic)
#1 [SQL NFM]
Set the Squelch threshold lebel for the AM and FMNarrow mode.
Set the Squelch threshold lebel for the FM-Wide mode.
Setting of the synthesizer steps.
Selects the Operating mode.
Enables/disables the Automatic Repeater Shift function.
Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
Sets the Repeater Shift Direction.
Enables/disables the Audio Mute feature while using Dual
Band reception.
Enables/disables the Keypad beeper.
Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
LEVEL 0 ~ LEVEL 15 (LEVEL 1)
#2 [SQL WFM]
#3 [VFO STEP]
#4 [RX MODE]
#5 [ARS]
#6 [SHIFT]
#7 [RPT SHIFT]
#8 [MUTE SET]
#9 [KEY BEEP]
#10 [LOCK MODE]
#11 [NAME SET]
Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the Memory channels.
#12 [MEMORY WRITE MODE] Selects the method of selection of channels for Memory
Storage.
#13 [MEMORY SCAN MODE] Selects what action will happen on a “flagged” Memory
Channel.
#14 [HYPER WRITE]
Enables/disables the Hyper Memory Write feature.
#1 [BUSY LED]
Enables/disables the BUSY LED (“STROBE”) while the
Squelch is open.
#2 [CONTRAST]
Setting of the Display contrast level.
#3 [DIMMER]
Setting of the Display brightness level.
#4 [DISPLAY MODE]
Selects the display while the transceiver’s power is off.
#5 [LAMP MODE]
#6 [LED COLOR 1]
#7 [LED COLOR 2]
#8 [METER SYMBOL]
Selects the LCD/Keypad Lamp mode.
Edits the “STROBE” color.
Selects the “STROBE” color for each operating status.
Selects the S- & TX PO meter Symbol.
LEVEL 0 ~ LEVEL 8 (LEVEL 2)
5/9/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100 kHzø1
AUTO/N-FM/AM/W-FM
ON/OFFø1
0.00 ~ 99.95 MHzø1
–RPT/+RPT/SIMPø1
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
KEY/DIAL/KEY+DIAL/PTT/
KEY+PTT/DIAL+PTT/ALL
–
LOWER CH/NEXT CH
OFF/SKIP/PREFERENTIAL
ENABLE/DISABLE
ON/OFF
LEVEL 1 ~ LEVEL 10 (LEVEL 7)
LEVEL 0 ~ LEVEL 12 (LEVEL 10)
NONE/TEMP/BARO/ALTI/
TEMP+BARO/TEMP+ALTI/ALL
KEY/CONTINUE/OFF
–
–
S1/S2/S3/S4/S5/CHR
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
Scan Modes
TSQ/DCS/DTMF
SET MODE
Set Mode Item
Function
Available Values
(Default: Bold Italic)
#1 [SQL TYPE]
#2 [TONE SET]
Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
#3 [DCS SET]
#4 [DCS COMPLEMENT]
#5 [BELL]
#6 [SPLIT TONE]
#7 [DTMF DIALER]
#8 [DTMF SET]
#1 [CH COUNTER]
Setting of the DCS code.
Enables/Disables “Inverted” DCS code decoding.
Selects the CTCSS Bell ringer repetitions.
Enables/disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
Enables/disables the DTMF Autodial feature.
Programming of the DTMF Autodialer.
Selects the Channel Counter Search Width.
#2 [EDGE BEEP]
#3 [RESUME]
Enables/disables the Band-edge beeper while scanning.
Selects the Scan Resume mode.
#4 [SCAN LAMP]
#5 [SMART SEARCH]
#6 [SPEC-ANALYZER 1]
#7 [SPEC-ANALYZER 2]
Enables/disables the Scan lamp while paused.
Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
Selects the Spectrum Analyzer Sweep mode.
Enables/disables the audio output of the center frequency
(q) when the Spectrum Analyzer is activated in the
Amateur band.
Selects the display of the sensor units’s information.
OFF/TONE/TONE SQL/DCS
50 standard CTCSS tones
(88.5 Hz)
104 standard DCS codes (023)
ENABLE/DISABLE
OFF/1/3/5/8/CONTINUE
OFF/ON
ON/OFF
–
±5 MHz/±10 MHz/± 50 MHz/
±100 MHz
ON/OFF
3SEC/5SEC/7SEC/10SEC/BUSY/
HOLD
ON/OFF
1/CONTINUOUS
1/CONTINUOUS
ON/OFF
ARTS
Save Modes
Measurement
#1 [SENSOR DISPLAY]
#2 [WAVE MONITOR]
#3 [TEMP UNIT]
#4 [BARO UNIT]
#5 [BARO OFFSET]
#6 [ALTITUDE UNIT]
#7 [ALTITUDE OFFSET]
#1 [APO]
#2 [RX SAVE]
#3 [TX SAVE]
#4 [TOT]
#5 [ON TIMER]
#6 [OFF TIMER]
#1 [ARTS BEEP]
#2 [ARTS INTERVAL]
#3 [CW ID]
#1 [BCLO]
#2 [HOME/REV]
#3 [MON/T-CAL]
#4 [MON-F CHANGE]
Misc Setup
#5 [EMG SET]
#6 [HALF DEVIATION]
#7 [VOX SENS]
#8 [VOX DELAY]
#9 [BAND LINK]
#10 [VFO MODE]
#11 [FONT EDITOR]
#12 [ICON SET]
#13 [ICON EDITOR]
#14 [ICON SELECT]
#15 [CLOCK SHIFT]
#16 [TIME SET]
#17 [LANGUAGE]
#18 [ATT]
#19 [MIC MONITOR]
#20 [WX ALERT]
Select the Wave Form to be monitored.
Selects the measurement units for the Temperature sensor.
Selects the measurement units for the Barometric
Pressure sensorø2.
Correcting the Barometric Pressureø2.
Select the measurement units for the Altimeterø2.
Correcting the Altimeterø2.
Setting of the Automatic Power-Off time.
Selects the Receive-mode Battery Saver interval (“sleep”
ratio).
Enables/disables the Transmit Battery Saver.
Setting of the TOT time.
Set the ON Timer time.
Set the OFF Timer time.
Select the Beep option during ARTS operation.
Select the Polling Interval during ARTS operation.
Program and activate the CW Identifier (used during
ARTS operation).
Enables/disables the Busy Channel Lock-Out feature.
Selects the function of the [HM/RV(EMG)] key.
Selects the MONI key (just below the PTT switch)
function.
Exchange the functions between the [MON/F] key and the
MONI keys on the left side of the radio.
Select the alarms utilized when the Emergency function is
engaged.
Reducing the Deviation level by 50%.
Enables/disables VOX operation; sets VOX sensitivity.
Selects the VOX delay (“hang”) time.
Enables/disables the BAND Link feature.
Selects or disables the VFO Band edge for the current
band.
Editing of the User font.
Enables/disables the Icon display.
Editing of the User Icon.
ICON selection.
Shifting of CPU clock frequency.
Sets the Clock time.
Selects the language for the Set (Menu) mode selections.
Enables/disables the Front-end Attenuator
Enables/disables the Microphone Monitor feature.
Enables/disables the Weather Alert Feature
ø1: Depends on the Frequency Band.
ø2: Requires optional SU-1
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
TIME/DC/TEMP/WAVE/BAROø2/
ALTIø2/WXø2/OFF
ALL/RX SIGNAL/TX MODULATION
°C/°F ø3
hpa/mbar/mmHg/inch ø3
–
m/ft ø3
–
OFF/30 min/1 hour/3 hours/
5 hours/8 hours
OFF/200mS(1:1)/300mS(1:1.5)/
500mS(1:2.5)/1s(1:5)/2s(1:10)
ON/OFF
OFF/1 min/2.5 min/5 min/10 min
OFF/00:00 ~ 23:59
OFF/00:00 ~ 23:59
IN RANGE/ALWAYS/OFF
15 SEC/25 SEC
–
ON/OFF
HOME/REV
MONI/T-CALø3
FUNC/MONI
BEEP+STROBE/BEEP/
STROBE1/STROBE2/STROBE3/
STROBE4/ STROBE5/BEAM
ON/OFF
OFF/HIGH/LOW
0.5S/1S/2S
ON/OFF
ALL/BAND
–
ON/OFF
–
–
ON/OFF
–
ENGLISH/JAPANESE
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
ø3: Depends on the Transceiver Version.
83
SET MODE
Basic Setup #1 [SQL NFM]
Function: Sets the Squelch threshold level for the AM and FM-Narrow modes.
Available Values: 0 ~ 15
Default: 1
Basic Setup #2 [SQL WFM]
Function: Sets the Squelch threshold level for the FM-Wide mode.
Available Values: 0 ~ 8
Default: 2
Basic Setup #3 [VFO STEP]
Function: Setting of the synthesizer steps.
Available Values: 5/9/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100 kHz
Default: Depends on the transceiver version.
Basic Setup #4 [RX MODE]
Function: Selects the Operating mode.
Available Values: AUTO/N-FM/AM/W-FM
Default: AUTO (Mode automatically changes according to operating frequency)
Basic Setup #5 [ARS]
Function: Enables/disables the Automatic Repeater Shift function.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: ON
Basic Setup #6 [SHIFT ]
Function: Sets the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
Available Values: 0.00 ~ 99.95 MHz
Default: Depends on the transceiver version.
Basic Setup #7 [RPT SHIFT ]
Function: Sets the Repeater Shift Direction
Available Values: +RPT/+RPT/SIMP
Default: Depends on the transceiver version.
Basic Setup #8 [MUTE SET]
Function: Enables/disables the Audio Mute feature while using Dual Band reception.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
Basic Setup #9 [KEY BEEP]
Function: Enables/disables the Keypad beeper.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: ON
84
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SET MODE
Basic Setup #10 [LOCK MODE]
Function: Selects the Control Locking lockout combination.
Available Values: KEY/DIAL/KEY+DIAL/PTT/KEY+PTT/DIAL+PTT/ALL
Default: KEY
Basic Setup #11 [NAME SET]
Function: Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the Memory channels. See page 48 for details.
Basic Setup #12 [MEMORY WRITE MODE]
Function: Selects the method of selection of channels for Memory Storage.
Available Values: LOWER CH/NEXT CH
Default: LOWER CH
LOWER CH: Stores in the next-available “free” channel
NEXT CH: Store in the memory channel which is next-highest from the last-stored
memory channel.
Basic Setup #13 [MEMORY SCAN MODE]
Function: Selects what action will happen on a “flagged” Memory Channel.
Available Values: OFF/SKIP/PREFERENTIAL
Default: OFF
SKIP:
The scanner will “skip” the flagged channels during scanning.
PREFERENTIAL: The scanner will only scan channels that are flagged (Preferential Scan
List).
Basic Setup #14 [HYPER WRITE]
Function: Enables/disables the Hyper Memory Write feature
Available Values: ENABLE/DISABLE
Default: ENABLE
Display Setup #1 [BUSY LED]
Function: Enables/disables the BUSY LED (“STROBE”) while the Squelch is open.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: ON (“STROBE” lights up when the Squelch is open)
Display Setup #2 [CONTRAST]
Function: Setting of the Display contrast level.
Available Values: 1 ~ 10
Default: 7
Display Setup #3 [DIMMER]
Function: Setting of the Display brightness level.
Available Values: 1 ~ 12
Default: 10
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
85
SET MODE
Display Setup #4 [DISPLAY MODE]
Function: Selects the display while the transceiver’s power is off
Available Values: NONE/TEMP/BARO/ALTI/TEMP+BARO/TEMP+ALTI/ALL
Default: NONE
NONE:
No display when the transceiver is off.
TEMP:
Display of the current time plus temperature when the transceiver is off.
BARO:
Display of the current time plus barometric pressure when the transceiver
is off (requires optional SU-1).
ALTI:
Display of the current time plus the current altitude when the transceiver
is off (requires optional SU-1).
TEMP+BARO: Display of the current time, Temperature, and barometric pressure.
TEMP+ALTI: Display of the current time, Temperature, and altitude.
ALL:
Display of the current time, temperature, barometric pressure, and altitude.
1) The current time will always be displayed when the transceiver is off, except when “NONE” is selected.
2) The barometric pressure and altitude information require the optional
SU-1.
Display Setup #5 [LAMP MODE]
Function: Selects the LCD/Keypad Lamp mode.
Available Values: KEY /CONTINUE/OFF
Default: KEY
KEY:
Illuminates the LCD/Keypad for 5 seconds when any key is pressed.
CONTINUE: Pressing the LAMP key toggles LCD/Keypad lamp On/Off.
OFF:
Disables the LCD/Keypad Lamp.
Display Setup #6 [LED COLOR 1]
Function: Edits the “STROBE” color.
Individual adjustments of the Red, Green, and
Blue color hue may be performed, on a numerical scale of 0 to 255. See page 79 for details.
86
LED No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
Default
COLOR
R
Green
0
Blue
0
Orange
57
Red
51
Purple
50
Sky Blue
0
Yellow Green 47
Millky White
50
Violet
50
White
255
G
45
0
46
0
0
42
44
43
0
255
B
0
48
0
0
44
44
0
44
49
255
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SET MODE
Display Setup #7 [LED COLOR 2]
Function: Selects the “STROBE” color for each operating status.
Main BUSY:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while the squelch is open on the “Main”
band (Default: 1).
Sub BUSY:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while the squelch is open on the “Sub”
band (Default: 2).
DUAL BUSY: Sets the STROBE color displayed during Dual Receive operation (Default: 3).
Main TX:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while transmitting on the “Main” band
(Default: 4).
Sub TX:
Sets the STROBE color displayed while transmitting on the “Sub” band
(Default: 5).
CHG Complete: Set the STROBE color displayed when battery charging is finished (Default: 2).
In this mode, press the
key to enable the setting of the “STROBE” color,,
and press the
key again to exit from this item. See page 79 for details.
Display Setup #8 [METER SYMBOL]
Function: Selects the S- & TX PO meter Symbol.
Available Values: Six patterns
S1:
S2:
S3:
S4:
S5:
CHR:
Default: S1:
The default “
” symbol which is used for last meter type may be replaced by
several other symbols. See page 76 for details.
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #1 [SQL TYPE]
Function: Selects the Tone Encoder and/or Decoder mode.
Available Values: OFF/TONE/TONE SQL/DCS
Default: OFF
TONE:
CTCSS Encoder
TONE SQL:CTCSS Encoder/Decoder
DCS:
Digital Coded Squelch Encoder/Decoder
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
87
SET MODE
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #2 [TONE SET ]
Function: Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency
Available Values: 50 standard CTCSS tones
Default: 100.0 Hz
In this mode, press the
key to
enable the setting of the tone, and
press the
key again to exit
from this item.
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #3 [DCS SET ]
Function: Setting of the DCS code.
Available Values: 104 standard DCS codes.
Default: 023
In this mode, press the
key to
enable the setting of the DCS code,
and press the
key again to exit
from this item.
CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz )
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
79.7
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
151.4
156.7
159.8
162.2
165.5
167.9
171.3
173.8
177.3
179.9
183.5
186.2
189.9
192.8
196.6
199.5
203.5
206.5
210.7
218.1
225.7
229.1
233.6
241.8
250.3
254.1
–
–
–
–
DCS CODE
023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244
245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
732 734 743 754
–
–
–
–
–
–
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #4 [DCS COMPLEMENT ]
Function: Enables/Disables “Inverted” DCS code decoding.
Available Values: ENABLE/DISABLE
Default: DISABLE
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #5 [BELL]
Function: Selects the CTCSS Bell ringer repetitions.
Available Values: OFF/1/3/5/8/CONTINUE
Default: OFF
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SET MODE
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #6 [SPLIT TONE]
Function: Enables/disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
Available Values: OFF/ON
Default: OFF
When this Menu Item is set to ON, you can see the following additional parameters after
the “DCS” parameter while selecting the Menu Item (TSQ/DCS/DTMF #1: SQL TYPE),:
D CODE: DCS Encode only (“ ” icon will appear while operating)
TONE DC: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a DCS code
(the “
” icon will appear during operation)
DC TONE: Encodes a DCS code and Decodes a CTCSS Tone
(the “
” icon will appear during operation)
Select the desired operating mode from the selections shown above.
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #7 [DTMF DIALER]
Function: Enables/disables the DTMF Autodial feature.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
TSQ/DCS/DTMF #8 [DTMF SET]
Function: Programming of the DTMF Autodialer. See page 38 for details.
Scan Modes #1 [CH COUNTER]
Function: Selects the Channel Counter Search Width.
Available Values: ±5 MHz/±10 MHz/± 50 MHz/±100 MHz
Default: ± 5 MHz
Scan Modes #2 [EDGE BEEP]
Function: Enables/disables the Band-edge beeper while selecting the frequency by the
DIAL.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
When this Menu Item is set to “ON,” a beep will sound when the frequency reaches the
band edge while selecting the VFO frequency by the DIAL.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
89
SET MODE
Scan Modes #3 [RESUME]
Function: Selects the Scan Resume mode.
Available Values: 3SEC/5SEC/7SEC/10SEC/BUSY/HOLD
Default: 5 SEC
3SEC/5SEC/7SEC/10SEC: The scanner will hold for the selected period (seconds), then
resume whether or not the other station is still transmitting.
BUSY:
The scanner will hold until the signal disappears, then will
resume when the carrier drops.
HOLD:
The scanner will stop when a signal is received, and will not
restart.
Scan Modes #4 [SCAN LAMP]
Function: Enables/disables the Scan lamp while paused.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: ON
Scan Modes #5 [SMART SEARCH]
Function: Selects the Smart Search Sweep mode.
Available Values: 1/CONTINUOUS
Default: 1
The transceiver sweeps the current band once in each direction starting
1:
on the current frequency. All channels where activity is present (up to 15
in each direction) are loaded into the Smart Search memories. Whether
or not all 31 memories are filled, the search stops after one sweep in each
direction.
CONTINUOUS:The transceiver makes a sweep in each direction as with the “1(SINGLE)”
mode, but if all 31 channels are not filled after the first sweep, the radio
continues sweeping until they are all filled.
Scan Modes #6 [SPEC-ANALYZER 1]
Function: Selects the Spectrum Analyzer Sweep mode.
Available Values: 1/CONTINUOUS
Default: 1
1:
The transceiver sweeps the current band once.
CONTINUOUS:The transceiver sweeps the current band repeatedly until the Spectrum
Analyzer is turned off
Scan Modes #7 [SPEC-ANALYZER 2]
Function: Enables/disables the audio output of the center frequency (q) when the Spectrum Analyzer is activated in the Amateur band.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SET MODE
Measurement #1 [SENSOR DISPLAY]
Function: Selects the display of the sensor units’ information.
Available Values: TIME/DC/TEMP/WAVE/BARO/ALTI/WX/OFF
Default: TIME
The barometric pressure (BARO), altitude (ALTI), and Weather (WX) information require the optional SU-1.
Measurement #2 [WAVE MONITOR]
Function: Select the Wave Form to be monitored.
Available Values: ALL/RX SIGNAL/TX MODULATION
Default: ALL
ALL:
Indicates the RX Audio wave form and TX Audio modulation wave
form.
RX SIGNAL:
Indicates the RX Audio modulation wave form.
TX MODULATION: Indicates the TX Audio modulation wave form.
Measurement #3 [TEMP UNIT]
Function: Selects the measurement units for the Temperature sensor.
Available Values: °C/°F
Default: Depends on the transceiver version
Measurement #4 [BARO UNIT]
Function: Selects the measurement units for the Barometric Pressure sensor (requires optional SU-1).
Available Values: hpa/mbar/mmHg/inch
Default: Depends on the transceiver version
Measurement #5 [BARO OFFSET ]
Function: Correcting the Barometric Pressure (requires optional SU-1). See page 70 for
details.
Measurement #6 [ALTITUDE UNIT]
Function: Select the measurement units for the Altimeter (requires optional SU-1).
Available Values: m/ft
Default: Depends on the transceiver version
Measurement #7 [ALTITUDE OFFSET ]
Function: Correcting the Altimeter (requires optional SU-1). See page 71 for details.
Save Modes #1 [APO]
Function: Setting of the Automatic Power-Off time.
Available Values: OFF/30 min/1 hour/3 hours/5 hours/8 hours
Default: OFF
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
91
SET MODE
Save Modes #2 [RX SAVE]
Function: Selects the Receive-mode Battery Saver interval (“sleep” ratio).
Available Values: OFF/200mS(1:1)/300mS(1:1.5)/500mS(1:2.5)/1s(1:5)/2s(1:10)
Default: 200mS(1:1)
Save Modes #3 [TX SAVE]
Function: Enables/disables the Transmit Battery Saver.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
Save Modes #4 [TOT ]
Function: Setting of the TOT time.
Available Values: OFF/1 min/2.5 min/5 min/10 min
Default: OFF
The time-out timer shuts off the transmitter after continuous transmission of the programmed
time.
Save Modes #5 [ON TIMER]
Function: Set the ON Timer time.
Available Values: OFF/00:00 ~ 23:59
Default: OFF
The ON Timer turns on the radio at the programmed time.
Save Modes #6 [OFF TIMER]
Function: Set the OFF Timer time.
Available Values: OFF/00:00 ~ 23:59
Default: OFF
The OFF Timer turns off the radio at the programmed time.
ARTS #1 [ARTS BEEP]
Function: Select the Beep option during ARTS operation.
Available Values: IN RANGE/ALWAYS/OFF
Default: IN RANGE
RANGE: Beeps sound only when the radio first detects that you are within range.
ALWAYS: Beeps sound every time a polling transmission is received from the other station (every 15 or 25 seconds when in range).
OFF:
No alert beeps sound.
ARTS #2 [ARTS INTERVAL ]
Function: Select the Polling Interval during ARTS operation.
Available Values: 15 SEC/25 SEC
Default: 25 SEC
This setting determines how often the other station will be polled during ARTS operation.
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VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SET MODE
ARTS #3 [CW ID]
Function: Program and activate the CW Identifier (used during ARTS operation). See
page 37 for details.
Misc Setup #1 [BCLO]
Function: Enables/disables the Busy Channel Lock-Out feature.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
Misc Setup #2 [HOME/REV]
Function: Selects the function of the
key..
Available Values: HOME/REV
Default: Depends on the transceiver version.
HOME: Pressing this key instantly recalls a favorite “Home” channel.
REV: Pressing this key reverses the transmit and receive frequencies during repeater
operation.
Misc Setup #3 [MON/T-CAL ]
Function: Selects the MONI key (just below the PTT switch) function.
Available Values: MONI/T-CAL
Default: Depends on the transceiver version.
MONI: Pressing the MONI key causes the Noise/Tone Squelch to be over-ridden, allowing you to listen for weak (or non-encoded) signals.
T-CAL: Pressing the MONI key activates a 1750-Hz burst tone, used for repeater access in
many countries.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
93
SET MODE
Misc Setup #4 [MON-F CHANGE]
Function: Exchange the functions between the
key and the MONI keys on the left
side of the radio.
Available Values: FUNC/MONI
Default: FUNC
FUNC: The
key is defined as the “Alternate” function key. Press the
key to
activate the “Secondary” key mode. Meanwhile, the MONI key is defined as the
“Monitor” function, which overrides the Noise and Tone Squelch quieting systems.
MONI: The
key is defined as the “Monitor” function, which overrides the Noise and
Tone Squelch quieting systems. Meanwhile, the MONI key is defined as the “Alternate” function key. The “Secondary” key mode is activated while pressing and
holding in the MONI key.
Important Note: When you define the left side of the MONI key to be the “Alternate”
function (“MONI” selected), the “Alternate” function is activated while pressing and holding in the MONI key, NOT by pressing and holding in the MONI key for 2 second.
Example:
(1) To enter the Set mode, press the
key while pressing and holding in the MONI key..
(2) To store a frequency into a memory channel.
1. Select the desired frequency.
2. Press the
key while pressing and holding in the MONI key.
3. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired memory channel, as desired.
4. Press the
key to store the frequency into the selected memory..
Misc Setup #5 [EMG SET ]
Function: Select the alarms utilized when the Emergency function is engaged.
Available Values: BEEP+STROBE/BEEP/STROBE1/STROBE2/STROBE3/STROBE4/
STROBE5/BEAM
Default: BEEP+STROBE
BEEP+STROBE:
Loud “Alarm” sounds along with flashing of the
STROBE in sequential colors.
Loud “Alarm” sounds.
BEEP:
STROBE1:
Flashes the STROBE in sequential colors.
STROBE2:
Continuation changes the STROBE in sequential
colors.
STROBE3, STROBE4, & STROBE5: Flashes the STROBE in white (3: Slow flashing,
4: Medium flashing, 5: Rapid flashing)
BEAM:
The STROBE glows continuously in white.
94
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SET MODE
Misc Setup #6 [HALF DEVIATION]
Function: Reducing the Deviation level by 50%.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
Misc Setup #7 [VOX SENS]
Function: Enables/disables VOX operation; sets VOX sensitivity.
Available Values: OFF/HIGH/LOW
Default: OFF
Misc Setup #8 [VOX DELAY]
Function: Selects the VOX delay (“hang”) time.
Available Values: 0.5S/1S/2S
Default: 0.5S
Misc Setup #9 [BAND LINK]
Function: Enables/disables the BAND Link feature.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
When this feature is set to “ON,” the “Main” and “Sus” bands are “slaved” so that they
change frequency together.
Misc Setup #10 [VFO MODE]
Function: Selects or disables the VFO Band edge for the current band.
Available Values: ALL/BAND
Default: BAND
ALL: When the VFO frequency reaches the high edge of the current band, the VFO
frequency will jump to the low band edge of the next band (or vice versa).
BAND: When the VFO frequency reaches the high band edge of the current band, the
VFO frequency will jump to the low band edge of the current band (or vice versa).
Misc Setup #11 [FONT EDITOR]
Function: Editing of the User font. See page 77 for details.
Misc Setup #12 [ICON SET]
Function: Enables/disables the Icon display.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
Misc Setup #13 [ICON EDITOR]
Function: Editing of the User Icon. See page 74 for details.
Misc Setup #14 [ICON SELECT ]
Function: ICON selection. See page 73 for details.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
95
SET MODE
Misc Setup #15 [CLOCK SHIFT ]
Function: Shifting of CPU clock frequency.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
This function is only used to move a spurious response “birdie,” should it fall on a desired
frequency.
Misc Setup #16 [TIME SET]
Function: Sets the Clock time. See page 69 for details.
Misc Setup #17 [LANGUAGE]
Function: Selects the language for the Set (Menu) mode selections.
Available Values: ENGLISH/JAPANESE
Default: ENGLISH
Misc Setup #18 [ATT]
Function: Enables/disables the Front-end Attenuator.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
Misc Setup #19 [MIC MONITOR]
Function: Enables/disables the Microphone Monitor feature.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
Misc Setup #20 [WX ALERT ]
Function: Enables/disables the Weather Alert Feature
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default: OFF
96
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
INSTALLATION
OF THE
SU-1 (OPTION)
1. Make sure that the transceiver is off. Remove the hard or soft case, if used.
2. Remove the battery pack.
3. Locate the connector for the SU-1 under the caution seal in the battery compartment
on the back of the radio, just peel off the caution seal.
4. Align the connector on the SU-1 with the transceiver’s connector and gently press the
unit into place.
5. Affix the new (supplied) caution seal, and replace the battery.
6. Installation is now complete.
Important note
The Barometric Pressure/Altitude features of the optional SU-1 are designed to be
supplemental aids for the information of the user, and are not intended to be a
substitute for accurate, calibrated Barometer or Altimeter devices used for navigation critical to personal safety.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
97
SPECIFICATIONS
General
Frequency Ranges: MAIN Rx: 05-1.8 MHz (BC Band)
1.8-30 MHz (SW Band)
30-59 MHz (50 MHz HAM: USA version)
30-76 MHz (50 MHz HAM: EXP version)
59-108 MHz (FM: USA version)
76-108 MHz (FM: EXP version)
108-137 MHz (Air Band)
137-174 MHz (144 MHz HAM)
174-222 MHz (VHF-TV)
222-225 MHz (220 MHz HAM: USA version)
225-420 MHz (ACT1: Action Band 1:USA version)
222-420 MHz (ACT1: Action Band 1: EXP version)
420-470 MHz (430 MHz HAM)
470-729 MHz (UHF-TV: USA version)
470-800 MHz (UHF-TV: EXP version)
800-999 MHz (ACT2: Action Band 2, cellular Blocked)
SUB Rx: 50-54 MHz
137-174 MHz
Downloaded by
420-470 MHz
RadioAmateur.EU
Tx:
50-54 MHz (MAIN & SUB)
144-146 MHz or 144-148 MHz (MAIN & SUB)
222-225 MHz ((MAIN, USA version)
430-440 MHz or 430-450 MHz (MAIN & SUB)
Channel Steps: 5/9/10/12.5/15/20/25/50/100 kHz
Emission Type: F2, F3, A3
Frequency Stability: ±5 ppm (–10 °C to +50 °C [+14 °F to +122 °F])
Repeater Shift: ±600 kHz (144 MHz), ±1.6 MHz (222 MHz), ±1.6/5.0/7.6 MHz (430 MHz)
Emission Type: A3/F2/F3
Antenna Impedance: 50 Ohms
Supply Voltage: Nominal: 7.4 V DC, Negative Ground
Operating:10-16 V DC, Negative Ground (EXT DC jack)
Current Consumption: 200 mA (Mono Band Receive)
(Approx.) 240 mA (Dual Band Receive)
67 mA (Mono Band Receive, Standby, Saver Off)
100 mA (Dual Band Receive, Standby, Saver Off)
28 mA (Mono Band Receive, Standby, Saver On “Save Ratio 1:5”)
34 mA (Dual Band Receive, Standby, Saver On “Save Ratio 1:5”)
200 µA (Auto Power Off)
1.6 A (50 MHz, 5 W Tx)
1.7A (144 MHz, 5W Tx)
1.0 A (220 MHz, 0.3 W Tx)
1.9 A (430 MHz, 5W Tx)
Operating Temperature: –20 °C to +60 °C (–4 °F to +140 °F)
Case Size (W x H x D): 60 x 90 x 28.5 mm (2.4 x 3.5 x 1.1 inch) w/o knob & antenna
Weight (Approx.): 260 g (9.2 oz) with FNB-80LI & antenna
98
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
SPECIFICATIONS
Transmitter
RF Power Output: 5.0 W (@7.4 V & 13.8 V EXT DC IN)
0.3W (@7.4 V & 13.8 V EXT DC IN, 222 MHz
1.0W (@7.4 V & 13.8 V EXT DC IN, 50 MHz AM)
Modulation Type: F2, F3: Variable Reactance (MAIN & SUB)
A3: Low Level Amplitude Modulation (MAIN, 50 MHz)
Maximum Deviation: ±5 kHz F2/F3
Spurious Emission: At least 60 dB down (@ Tx HI/L3)
At least 50 dB down (@ Tx L2/L1)
Microphone Impedance: 2K Ohms
Receiver
Circuit Type: N-FM, AM: Double-Conversion Superheterodyne
W-FM: Triple-Conversion Superheterodyne
IF: MAIN Rx
1st:
47.25 MHz (N-FM, AM), 45.8 MHz (W-FM)
2nd: 450 kHz (N-FM, AM), 10.7 MHz (W-FM)
3rd: 1 MHz (W-FM)
SUB Rx
1st:
46.35 MHz
2nd: 450 kHz
Sensitivity: MAIN Rx:
3.0 µV for 10 dB S/N (0.5-30 MHz, AM)
0.5 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (30-50, N-FM)
0.16 µV for 12 dB SINAD (50-54, N-FM)
Downloaded by
1.0 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (57-76, N-FM)
1.0 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (76-108, W-FM)
RadioAmateur.EU
1.5 µV (TYP) for 10 dB SN (108-137, AM)
0.2 µV for 12 dB SINAD (137-140, N-FM)
0.16 µV for 12 dB SINAD (140-150, N-FM)
0.2 µV for 12 dB SINAD (150-174, N-FM)
0.3 µV for 12 dB SINAD (174-225, N-FM)
0.5 µV for 12 dB SINAD (300-350, N-FM)
0.2 µV for 12 dB SINAD (350-400, N-FM)
0.18 µV for 12 dB SINAD (400-470, N-FM)
0.35 µV for 12 dB SINAD (470-540, W-FM)
3.0 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (540-800, W-FM)
1.0 µV (TYP) for 12 dB SINAD (800-999, N-FM) (Cellular Blocked)
SUB Rx:
0.18 µV for 12 dB SINAD (50-54, N-FM)
0.18 µV for 12 dB SINAD (137-174, N-FM)
0.2 µV for 12 dB SINAD (420-470, N-FM)
Selectivity: 12 kHz/25 kHz (–6dB/–60dB: N-FM, AM)
200 kHz/300 kHz (–6dB/–20dB: W-FM)
AF Output: 200 mW @ 8 Ohms for 10 % THD (@ 7.4 V DC)
400 mW @ 8 Ohms for 10 % THD (@ 13.8 V DC)
Specifications are subject to change without notice, and are guaranteed within the 50/144/222/
430 MHz amateur bands only.
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
99
APPENDIX
USING YOUR VX-7R FOR LOW-EARTH-ORBIT FM SATELLITE COMMUNICATION
Several Low-Earth-Orbit satellites, such as UO-14 and AO-27, utilize a single-channel FM
“repeater in the sky” transponder, affording low-power stations the opportunity to make
contacts with other stations thousands of miles away. Communication generally is most
easily possible when using a hand-held transceiver (like the VX-7R) in conjunction with a
small beam antenna, so as to improve your uplink signal.
Because the satellites are moving rapidly, you must compensate for Doppler Shift on the
satellite signal. This is best accomplished by utilizing five “split” memory channels, covering sufficient frequency combinations, on the 144 and 430 MHz bands, to allow complete
frequency coverage with quick selection.
Example: Set up for operation on UO-14’s transponder:
Set up your VX-7R with five “odd split” CH #
memories as shown at the right, to com1
pensate for Doppler Shift:
2
RX F REQ
TX F REQ
NOTES
435.080 MHz 145.9700 MHz
AOS
435.075 MHz 145.9725 MHz
3
435.070 MHz 145.9750 MHz Mid Pass
4
435.065 MHz 145.9775 MHz
5
435.060 MHz 145.9800 MHz
LOS
AOS = Acquisition of Signal (Beginning of Pass)
LOS = Loss of Signal (End of Pass)
At the start of the pass, set to Channel 1.
As the pass progresses, rotate the channel
selector to choose the channel with the best
downlink signal. The satellite moves fast
(the optimum channel will change every three minutes!) so be alert. Keep calls short, as
much of your continent will be calling on a single FM channel!
More information on UO-14 and other satellites may be found on the Web site of the
Amateur Satellite Corporation: www.amsat.org (or on other satellite-based Web sites).
100
VX-7R OPERATING MANUAL
1. Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by VERTEX
STANDARD could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
2. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
3. The scanning receiver in this equipment is incapable of tuning, or readily
being altered, by the User to operate within the frequency bands allocated
to the Domestic public Cellular Telecommunications Service in Part 22.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may
cause undesirable operation of the device.
WARNING: MODIFICATION OF THIS DEVICE TO RECEIVE CELLULAR
RADIOTELEPHONE SERVICE SIGNALS IS PROHIBITED UNDER FCC RULES
AND FEDERAL LAW.
Downloaded by
RadioAmateur.EU
Copyright 2002
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
All rights reserved.
No portion of this manual
may be reproduced
without the permission of
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
Printed in Japan
E H 0 0 9 M 1 0 1
0204L-AY
Downloaded by
RadioAmateur.EU
FCC ID: K66VX-7R
Circuit Description
VX-7R Circuit Description
The VX-7R consists of a RF-UNIT, a CNTL-UNIT and an AF-UNIT. The RF-UNIT
contains the receiver front end, PLL IC, power and switching circuits, and the VCO-UNIT
for transmit and receive local signal oscillation. The CNTL-UNIT contains the CPU, and
audio ICs, and the power circuitry for the LCD. The AF-UNIT contains the IF, and audio
ICs.
Receiver Signal Flow
The VX-7R includes five receiver front ends, each optimized for a particular frequency
range and mode combination.
(1) Triplexer
Signals between 0.5 and 540 MHz received at the antenna terminal pass through a
low-pass filter composed of L3059, L3060, C3176 and C3175.
Received 430-MHz signals, after passing through a low-pass filter to the UHF
switch circuit composed of diode switch D1048 (RLS135), D1051 (1SV307).
Received 145-MHz signals, after passing through a low-pass filter to the VHF
switch circuit composed of diode switch D1053 (RLS135), D1054 (1SV307).
Received 50-MHz signals, after passing through a low-pass filter to the 50MHz
switch circuit composed of diode switch D1058 (RLS135), D1059 (1SV307).
first
T/R
T/R
T/R
(2) 145-MHz Band and 76-300MHz Reception
Received signals between 140 and 150 MHz pass through the Triplexer circuit, low-pass
filter/high-pass filter circuit, VHF T/R switch circuit and protector diode D1002 (1SS362)
before additional filtering by a band-pass filter prior to application to RF amplifier Q1004
(2SC5555). The amplified RF signal is pass through the band-pass filter to first mixer
Q1012 (2SC5555). Meanwhile, VHF output from the VCO-UNIT is amplified by Q1017
(2SC5374) and applied through diode T/R switch D1041 (DAN222) to mixer Q1012 as
the first local signal.
The 47.25-MHz intermediate frequency product of the mixer is delivered to the AFUNIT.
Vertex Standard Co., Ltd.
1
FCC ID: K66VX-7R
Circuit Description
The TUNE voltage from the CPU on the CNTL-UNIT is amplified by DC amplifier
Q3017 (NJU7007F2) and applied to varactors D1020 and D1022 (HVC369B), D1019,
D1021, D1023, D1024, D1033 and D1036 (1SV325) in the variable frequency band-pass
filters. By changing the electrostatic capacitance of the varactors, optimum filter
characteristics are provided for each specific operating frequency.
(3) 435-MHz Band and 222-540MHz Reception
Received signals between 430 and 450 MHz pass through the Triplexer circuit, low-pass
filter/high-pass filter circuit, UHF T/R switch circuit and protector diode D1001 (1SS362)
before additional filtering by a band-pass filter prior to application to RF amplifier Q1003
(2SC5555). The amplified RF signal is pass through the band-pass filter, RF amplifier
Q1006 (2SC5555) and band-pass filter to first mixer Q1011 (2SC5555). Meanwhile,
UHF output from the VCO-UNIT is amplified by Q1016 (2SC5374) and applied through
diode T/R switch D1045 (HN2D01FU) to mixer Q1011 as the first local signal.
The 47.25-MHz intermediate frequency product of the mixer is delivered to the AFUNIT.
The TUNE voltage from the CPU on the CNTL-UNIT is amplified by DC amplifier
Q3017 and applied to varactors D1005, D1018, D1030 and D1031 (HVC358B) in the
variable frequency band-pass filters. By changing the electrostatic capacitance of the
varactors, optimum filter characteristics are provided for each specific operating frequency.
(4) 50-MHz-Band and 30-76 MHz Reception
Received signals between 50 and 54 MHz pass through the Triplexer circuit, low-pass
filter circuit, 50MHz T/R switch circuit and protector diode D1003 (1SS362) before
additional filtering by a band-pass filter prior to application to RF amplifier Q1005
(2SC5555). The amplified RF signal is pass through the band-pass filter to first mixer
Q1008 (2SC5555). Meanwhile, 50MHz output from the VCO-UNIT is amplified by
Q1018 (2SC5374) and applied through diode T/R switch D1046 (HN2D01FU) to mixer
Q1008 as the first local signal.
The 47.25-MHz intermediate frequency product of the mixer is delivered to the AFUNIT.
The TUNE voltage from the CPU on the CNTL-UNIT is amplified by DC amplifier
Q3017 and applied to varactors D1025 and D1026 (1SV325) in the variable frequency
band-pass filters. By changing the electrostatic capacitance of the varactors, optimum filter
Vertex Standard Co., Ltd.
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FCC ID: K66VX-7R
Circuit Description
characteristics are provided for each specific operating frequency.
(5) 0.5 - 30 MHz Reception
Received signals between BC and SW MHz pass through the Triplexer circuit, low-pass
filter circuit, 50MHz T/R switch circuit and protector diode D1003 before additional
filtering by a band-pass filter prior to application to RF amplifier Q1009 (2SC4915-0).
The amplified RF signal is pass through the band-pass filter to first mixer Q1013
(2SC4915-0). Meanwhile, 50MHz output from the VCO-UNIT is amplified by Q1018 and
applied through diode T/R switch D1046 to mixer Q1013 as the first local signal.
The 47.25-MHz intermediate frequency product of the mixer is delivered to the AFUNIT.
The TUNE voltage from the CPU on the CNTL-UNIT is amplified by DC amplifier
Q3017 and applied to varactors D1013 (HVR100) in the variable frequency band-pass
filters. By changing the electrostatic capacitance of the varactors, optimum filter
characteristics are provided for each specific operating frequency.
(6) 540 - 999 MHz Reception
Received signals between 540 and 999 MHz pass through the high-pass filter circuit,
T/R switch D1004 (1SV271) to application to RF amplifier Q1002 (2SC5227). The
amplified RF signal is pass through the band-pass filter to first mixer Q1010 (2SC5227).
Meanwhile, UHF output from the VCO-UNIT is amplified by Q1016 and applied through
diode T/R switch D1045 to mixer Q1010 as the first local signal.
The 47.25-MHz intermediate frequency product of the mixer is delivered to the AFUNIT.
The TUNE voltage from the CPU on the CNTL-UNIT is amplified by DC amplifier
Q3017 and applied to varactors D1015 and D1017 (HVC355B) in the variable frequency
band-pass filters. By changing the electrostatic capacitance of the varactors, optimum filter
characteristics are provided for each specific operating frequency.
(7) 47.25-MHz First Intermediate Frequency
The 47.25-MHz first intermediate frequency from first mixers is delivered from the RFUNIT to the AF-UNIT through jacks J1004 and J2001. On the AF-UNIT, the IF for AM
and FM-narrow signals is passed through NAR/WIDE switch D2001 (DAP222) and
47.25-MHz monolithic crystal filter (MCF) XF2001 to narrow IF amplifier Q2002
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FCC ID: K66VX-7R
Circuit Description
(2SC4915-0) for input to pin 16 of Narrow IF IC Q2016 (TA31136FN) after amplitude
limiting by D2003 (DA221).
Meanwhile, a portion of the output of 11.7-MHz crystal X1001 on RF-UNIT is
multiplied fourfold by Q2004 (2SC4915-0) and Q2012 (2SC4154E) to provide the 46.8MHz second local signal, applied to the Narrow IF IC. Within the IC, this signal is mixed
with the 47.25-MHz first intermediate frequency signal to produce the 450KHz second
intermediate frequency.
This second IF is filtered by ceramic filter CF2002 (ALFYM450F=k) and amplified by
the limiting amplifier within the Narrow IF IC before quadrate detection by ceramic
discriminator CD2001 (CDBM450C7).
Demodulated audio is output from pin 9 of the Narrow IF IC through narrow mute
analog switch Q2029 (2SJ364) and squelch gate Q2036 (2SJ364) before de-emphasis at
Q2028 (DTC144EE).
The resulting audio is amplified by AF amplifier Q2040 (TDA7233D) and output
through MIC/EAR jack J2002 to internal speaker SP1001 or an external earphone.
(8) Squelch Control
Signal components in the neighborhood of 15 KHz contained in the discriminator output
pass through an active band-pass filter composed of R2059, R2060, R2062, C2076, C2078
and the operational amplifier between pins 7 and 8 within Narrow IF IC Q2016. They are
then rectified by D2012 and D2013 (MC2850) to obtain a DC voltage corresponding to the
level of noise. This voltage is input to pin 49 of CPU Q3035 (HD6472237TF10), which
compares the input voltage with a previously set threshold. When the input voltage drops
below the threshold, normally due to the presence of a carrier, turning on squelch gate
Q2036 and allowing any demodulated audio to pass. At the same time, Q3001 and/or
Q3003 and/or Q3004 goes on, causing the BUSY/TX lamp D3033 (FRGB1312CE-10TF) to light.
Transmitter Signal Flow
(1) 145-MHz-Band Transmit/Receive Switching
Closing PTT switch S2002 on the AF-UNIT pulls the base of Q3008 (DTA144EE) low,
causing the collector to go high. This signal is input to pin 33 (PTT) of CPU Q3035,
allowing the CPU to recognize that the PTT switch has been pushed. When the CPU detects
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FCC ID: K66VX-7R
Circuit Description
closure of the PTT switch, pin 10 (TX/RX) goes high. This control signal is delivered to the
RF-UNIT, where it switches Q1044 (UMW1) and Q1043 (CPH6102) to produce the TX
control signal that activates Q1046 (2SA1774). At the same time, PLL division data is
input to PLL IC Q1019 (MB15A01PFV1) from the CPU, to disable the receiver power
saver. Also, switching Q1048 (DKRC654U) to disable the receiver circuits. Then causing
the red side of BUSY/TX lamp D3033 to light.
(2) Modulation
Voice signal input from either built-in microphone MC1001 (EM-140) on CNTL-UNIT
or external jack J2002 on the AF-UNIT is pre-emphasized by C3012 and R3031, and
processed by microphone amplifier Q3018 (NJM3403AV), IDC (instantaneous deviation
control) circuit Q1014 to prevent overmodulation, and active low-pass filter Q1014.
During CTCSS operation, the voice signal is mixed with the TONE ENC subaudible
tone signal from pin 43 of the CPU and delivered to the RF-UNIT through jacks J3001 and
J1008. During DTMF operation, the DTMF tones from pin 44 of the CPU are input to the
IDC stage.
(3) 145-MHz-Band Transmission
Modulating audio from the CNTL-UNIT passes through deviation setting D/A converter
Q3012 to VHF MOD of the VCO-UNIT mounted on the RF-UNIT. This signal is applied
to varactor D4005 (HSC277) in the tank circuit of VHF VCO Q4004 (EC3H07B), which
oscillates at the desired VHF transmitting frequency. The modulated VCO signal is
buffered by amplifier Q4006 (EC3H07B) and Q1017 and delivered through VHF T/R
diode switch D1041 to the RF-UNIT. The modulated low-level VHF transmit signal from
the VCO is passed through diode switch D1043 (DAN222) to amplifier Q1014 (2SC52265). The modulated VHF transmit signal from the VCO is amplified by Q1023 (2SK3475)
and RF power amplifier Q1027 (2SK3476) up to 0.1, 0.5 or 5 W (depending on the power
source). The RF output passes through TX diode switch D1053. RF output is passed by T/R
switch and low-pass filter to suppress harmonics and spurious products before output to the
antenna at the antenna terminal.
(4) 435-MHz-Band Transmission
Modulating audio from the CNTL-UNIT passes through deviation setting D/A converter
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FCC ID: K66VX-7R
Circuit Description
Q3012 to UHF MOD of the VCO-UNIT mounted on the RF-UNIT. This signal is applied
to varactor D4002 (HSC277) in the tank circuit of UHF VCO Q4002 (EC3H07B), which
oscillates at the desired UHF transmitting frequency. The modulated VCO signal is
buffered by amplifier Q4006 and Q1016 and delivered through UHF T/R diode switch
D1045 to the RF-UNIT. The modulated low-level UHF transmit signal from the VCO is
passed through diode switch D1045 (HN2D01FU) to amplifier Q1014. The modulated
UHF transmit signal from the VCO is amplified by Q1023 and RF power amplifier Q1027
up to 0.1, 0.5 or 5 W (depending on the power source). The RF output passes through TX
diode switch D1048. RF output is passed by T/R switch and low-pass filter to suppress
harmonics and spurious products before output to the antenna at the antenna terminal.
(5) 50-MHz-Band Transmission
Modulating audio from the CNTL-UNIT passes through deviation setting D/A converter
Q3012 to 50MHz MOD of the VCO-UNIT mounted on the RF-UNIT. This signal is
applied to varactor D4009 (HSC277) in the tank circuit of 50MHz VCO Q4005
(EC3H07B), which oscillates at the desired 50MHz transmitting frequency. The modulated
VCO signal is buffered by amplifier Q4006 and Q1018 and delivered through 50MHz T/R
diode switch D1046 to the RF-UNIT. The modulated low-level 50MHz transmit signal
from the VCO is passed through diode switch D1046 (HN2D01FU) to amplifier Q1014.
The modulated 50MHz transmit signal from the VCO is amplified by Q1023 and RF power
amplifier Q1027 up to 0.1, 0.5 or 5 W (depending on the power source). The RF output
passes through TX diode switch D1058. RF output is passed by T/R switch and low-pass
filter to suppress harmonics and spurious products before output to the antenna at the
antenna terminal.
PLL Frequency Synthesizer
PLL IC Q1019 on the RF-UNIT consists of a data shift register, reference frequency
divider, phase comparator, charge pump, intermittent operation circuit, and band selector
switch. Serial PLL data from the CPU is converted into parallel data by the shift register in
the PLL IC and is latched into the comparative frequency divider and reference frequency
divider to set a frequency dividing ratio for each. An 11.7-MHz reference signal produced
by X1001 is input to REF pin 1 of the PLL IC. The internal reference frequency divider
divides the 11.7-MHz reference by 2,050 (or 1,640) to obtain a reference frequency of 5
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FCC ID: K66VX-7R
Circuit Description
KHz (or 6.25 KHz), which is applied to the phase comparator. Meanwhile, a sample of the
output of VHF VCO Q4004 or UHF VCO Q4002 or 50MHz VCO Q4005 on the VCOUNIT, buffered by Q4006, is input to the PLL IC, where it is frequency-divided by the
internal comparative frequency divider to produce a comparative frequency also applied to
the phase comparator. The phase comparator compares the phase between the reference
frequency and comparative frequency to output a pulse corresponding to the phase
difference between them. This pulse is input to the charge pump, and the output from the
charge pump passes through a loop filter composed of L1044, R1089, C1175, and either
R1090, C1192, R1103 and C1195 for VHF, or R1086, C1189, R1102 and C1194 for UHF,
or R1091, C1193, R1104 and C1196 for 50MHz, which convert the pulse into a
corresponding smoothed varactor control voltage (VCV). The VCV is applied to varactor
D4004 and D4013 (1SV325) in the VHF VCO tank circuit, or to varactor D4001
(HVC355B) in the UHF VCO tank circuit, or to varactor D4007 and D4008 (1SV325) in
the 50MHz VCO to eliminate phase difference between the reference frequency and
comparative frequency, and so locking the VCO oscillation frequency to the reference
crystal. The VCO frequency is determined by the frequency-dividing ratio sent from the
CPU to the PLL IC. During receiver power save operation, the PLL circuit operates
intermittently to reduce current consumption, for which the intermittent operation control
circuit reduces the lock-up time.
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