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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
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UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
DESIGN:
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FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING
FOR FACILITIES
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
DESIGN: FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING FOR FACILITIES
ED
Any copyrighted material included in this UFC is identified at its point of use.
Use of the copyrighted material apart from this UFC must have the permission of the
copyright holder.
U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS
NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND (Preparing Activity)
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AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER SUPPORT AGENCY
Record of Changes (changes are indicated by \1\ ... /1/)
Date
Location
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Change No.
This UFC supersedes MIL-HDBK 1008C, Fire Protection for Facilities Engineering,
Design, and Construction, dated 10 June 1997; Naval Facilities Engineering
Command, Planning and Design Policy Statement 96-02, Sprinkler and Smoke
Detector Requirements for Housing and BQs, dated 19 December 1996; and Air
Force ETL 93-4: Fire Protection Engineering Criteria – automatic Sprinkler
Systems in Military Family Housing (MFH) dated 18 august 1993.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
FOREWORD
The Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) system as prescribed by MIL-STD 3007, provides planning,
design, construction, sustainment, restoration, and modernization criteria, and applies to the
Military Departments, the Defense Agencies, and the DoD Field Activities in accordance with
USD(AT&L) Memorandum dated 29 May 2002. UFC will be used for all service projects and
work for other customers where appropriate.
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UFC are living documents and will be periodically reviewed, updated, and made available to
users as part of the Services’ responsibility for providing technical criteria for military
construction. Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE), Naval Facilities
Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency (AFCESA) are
responsible for administration of the UFC system. Defense agencies should contact the
preparing service for document interpretation and improvements. Technical content of UFC is
the responsibility of the cognizant DoD working group. Recommended changes with supporting
rationale should be sent to the respective service proponent office by the following electronic
form: Criteria Change Request (CCR). The form is also accessible from the Internet sites listed
below.
UFC are effective upon issuance. UFC are distributed only in electronic media from the
following sources:
Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) Index http://65.204.17.188//report/doc_ufc.html.
USACE TECHINFO Internet site http://www.hnd.usace.army.mil/techinfo.
NAVFAC Engineering Innovation and Criteria Office Internet site http://criteria.navfac.navy.mil.
Construction Criteria Base (CCB) system maintained by the National Institute of Building
Sciences at Internet site http://www.ccb.org.
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Hard copies of UFC printed from electronic media should be checked against the current
electronic version prior to use to ensure that they are current.
AUTHORIZED BY:
______________________________________
Dr. James W Wright, P.E.
Chief Engineer
Naval Facilities Engineering Command
______________________________________
Kathleen I. Ferguson, P.E.
The Deputy Civil Engineer
DCS/Installations & Logistics
Department of the Air Force
______________________________________
Frank Lane
Director of Analysis & Investment
Deputy Under Secretary of Defense
for Installations
Department of Defense
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Donald Basham, P.E.
Chief, Engineering and Construction Division
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
CONTENTS
Page
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
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SCOPE .............................................................................................. 1
1-2 PURPOSE
......................................................................................... 1
1-2.1 Document
Development .................................................................... 1
1-3 CANCELLATION
............................................................................... 1
1-4 CRITERI
A .......................................................................................... 1
1-4.1
Application/Types of Work Efforts ..................................................... 2
1-4.2 Existing
Facilities ............................................................................... 4
1-4.3 Absence
of Criteria ............................................................................ 4
1-4.4
Performance-Based Fire Safety Design ............................................ 4
1-4.5 Conflicts
in Criteria............................................................................. 5
1-4.6
Authority Having Jurisdiction ............................................................. 5
1-4.7 Equivalencies
..................................................................................... 5
1-4.8 Waivers
.............................................................................................. 5
1-4.9 Antiterrorism/Force
Protection ........................................................... 5
1-5 DESIGN
ANALYSIS .......................................................................... 6
1-5.1
100% Design Submission.................................................................. 7
1-6
SERVICES AND QUALIFICATIONS OF FIRE PROTECTION
ENGINEERS .................................................................................................... 7
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FIRE PROTECTION DURING CONSTRUCTION............................. 7
CHAPTER 2 REQUIREMENTS
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BASIC CRITERIA ..............................................................................
2-1.1
Egress and Safety of Life...................................................................
2-1.2 Partitions
............................................................................................
2-1.3
Type of Construction..........................................................................
2-1.4
Separation Between Buildings...........................................................
2-2 FIRE
AREAS .....................................................................................
2-3 BUILDING
HEIGHT LIMITATIONS....................................................
2-4
LIMITING INTERIOR FIRE SPREAD ................................................
2-4.1 Door
Openings...................................................................................
2-4.2 Penetrations
.......................................................................................
2-5 MEANS
OF EGRESS ........................................................................
2-5.1 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
2-5.2
Means of Egress Marking ..................................................................
2-6 INTERI
OR FINISH.............................................................................
2-6.1
Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish ..........................................................
2-6.2
Interior Floor Finish............................................................................
2-7 INSULATI
ON .....................................................................................
2-7.1 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
2-7.2
Exceptions to Insulation Criteria ........................................................
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ROOF COVERINGS AND ROOF DECK ASSEMBLIES ...................
2-8.1 Roof
Coverings ..................................................................................
2-8.2
Roof Deck Assemblies.......................................................................
2-9 ROOF
ACCESS.................................................................................
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FIRE DEPARTMENT VEHICLE ACCESS.........................................
2-10.1 Vehicle Access ..................................................................................
2-10.2 All-Weather Ground Access ..............................................................
2-10.3 Access for Emergency Vehicle Response.........................................
2-10.4 Fire Department Connection..............................................................
2-11 AIR
HANDLING .................................................................................
2-11.1 Design Requirements ........................................................................
2-11.2 Corridors ............................................................................................
2-11.3 Plenums .............................................................................................
2-11.4 Smoke and Heat Vents......................................................................
2-12
PLASTIC PIPE AND CONDUIT.........................................................
2-12.1 Penetrations .......................................................................................
2-12.2 Prohibited Locations ..........................................................................
2-13
FIRE RETARDANT TREATED (FRT) PLYWOOD ............................
2-13.1 New Construction ..............................................................................
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CHAPTER 3 WATER SUPPLY FOR FIRE PROTECTION
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WATER DEMANDS FOR SPRINKLERED FACILITIES....................
3-1.1
Factors Influencing the Water Demand for Sprinklers .......................
3-1.2
Water Demand for Sprinklers ............................................................
3-1.3
Water Demand for Hose Streams......................................................
3-1.4
Total Water Demand for Sprinklered Occupancies ...........................
3-1.5
Water Demand for Sprinklers (Special Facilities) ..............................
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WATER DEMANDS FOR UNSPRINKLERED FACILITIES ..............
3-2.1
Hose Stream Demands for Unsprinklered Facilities ..........................
3-2.2
Hose Stream Demand for Unsprinklered Special Facilities ...............
3-2.3
Aircraft Parking and Refueling Facilities ............................................
3-2.4
Yard and Outdoor Storage ................................................................
3-2.5
Vehicle Parking Areas .......................................................................
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WATER SUPPLY PRESSURE REQUIREMENTS............................
3-3.1 Pressure
Required.............................................................................
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QUANTITIES OF WATER REQUIRED .............................................
3-4.1
Total Storage Capacity ......................................................................
3-4.2
Reduction in Storage Capacity ..........................................................
3-4.3
Replenishment of Storage .................................................................
3-5
SOURCES OF WATER SUPPLY......................................................
3-5.1
Primary Water Supplies .....................................................................
3-5.2
Secondary Water Supplies ................................................................
3-5.3 On-Site
Storage .................................................................................
3-6 FIRE
PUMPS.....................................................................................
3-6.1 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
3-6.2 Pump
Type ........................................................................................
3-6.3
Pump Starting Arrangements ............................................................
3-6.4 Pump
Drive ........................................................................................
3-6.5
Water Level Controls .........................................................................
3-6.6 Meters
................................................................................................
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WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS .................................................
3-7.1 Distribution
Mains ..............................................................................
3-7.2 Valves
................................................................................................
3-7.3 Hydrants
............................................................................................
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3-7.5
Pressure-Regulating Valves (PRVs).................................................. 23
Backflow Prevention and Cross Connection Control ......................... 23
CHAPTER 4 FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
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GENERAL..........................................................................................
4-1.1
Connections to Fire Reporting Systems ............................................
4-1.2
Plans and Calculations ......................................................................
4-1.3
Water Flow Testing............................................................................
4-1.4
Bracing of Piping................................................................................
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AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS ..............................................
4-2.1 Characterist
ics ...................................................................................
4-2.2 Application
Requirements..................................................................
4-2.3 Design
Requirements ........................................................................
4-3
WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS...............................................................
4-3.1 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
4-4 FOAM
SYSTEMS ..............................................................................
4-4.1 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
4-4.2 AFFF
..................................................................................................
4-5 STANDPIPE
SYSTEMS ....................................................................
4-5.1
Class I Standpipe Systems................................................................
4-5.2
Class II and Class II Standpipe Systems...........................................
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DRY CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS ................................
4-6.1 Application
.........................................................................................
4-6.2 Design
Requirements ........................................................................
4-6.3 Limitations
..........................................................................................
4-7
CARBON DIOXIDE SYSTEMS .........................................................
4-7.1 Application
.........................................................................................
4-7.2 Design
Requirements ........................................................................
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HALON 1301 SYSTEMS ...................................................................
4-8.1 Application
.........................................................................................
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PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ................................................
4-9.1 Extinguisher
Cabinets........................................................................
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WET CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS................................
4-10.1 Application .........................................................................................
4-10.2 Design Requirements ........................................................................
4-11
CLEAN AGENT FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS.........................
4-11.1 Application .........................................................................................
4-11.2 Design Requirements ........................................................................
4-12
WATER MIST FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS ................................
4-12.1 Application .........................................................................................
4-12.2 Design Requirements ........................................................................
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CHAPTER 5 FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS
Paragraph
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PLANS AND CALCULATIONS..........................................................
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FIRE ALARM REPORTING SYSTEMS.............................................
5-2.1 Applications
.......................................................................................
5-2.2
Exterior Fire Alarm Reporting Systems .............................................
5-2.3 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
5-3
FIRE ALARM EVACUATION SYSTEMS...........................................
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5-3.1 Applications
.......................................................................................
5-3.2 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
5-4
AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTION SYSTEMS ....................................
5-4.1 Applications
.......................................................................................
5-4.2 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
5-4.3 Detection
Systems.............................................................................
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CHAPTER 6 SPECIAL OCCUPANCIES AND HAZARDS
6-1
PERSONNEL HOUSING AND SIMILAR LODGING FACILITIES .....
6-1.1
Automatic Sprinkler Protection ..........................................................
6-1.2 Smoke
Detection ...............................................................................
6-1.3
Open Bay Personnel Housing ...........................................................
6-1.4
Apartment-Style Personnel Housing Quarters...................................
6-1.5 Common
Areas..................................................................................
6-1.6
Storage Areas, Shops, and Laundry Areas .......................................
6-2 FAMILY
HOUSING ............................................................................
6-2.1 Definitions
..........................................................................................
6-2.2 New
Family Housing..........................................................................
6-2.3
Existing Multi-Family Housing............................................................
6-2.4
Kitchen Range Hood Extinguishing Systems ....................................
6-2.5 Continuity
...........................................................................................
6-2.6
Off-Base Housing Requirements .......................................................
6-2.7
Overseas Housing Requirements......................................................
6-3
DINING AND FOOD PREPARATION FACILITIES ...........................
6-3.1
Industrial Cooking Facilities ...............................................................
6-3.2
Cooking Equipment in Facilities.........................................................
6-4 MEDI
CAL FACILITIES.......................................................................
6-5
DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES............................
6-5.1 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
6-5.2 Locking
Devices.................................................................................
6-5.3 Interior
Finish .....................................................................................
6-6 LIBRARIES
........................................................................................
6-6.1
Facilities with Sprinkler Protection .....................................................
6-6.2
Facilities without Sprinkler Protection ................................................
6-7
CHILD DEVELOPMENT FACILITIES................................................
6-7.1
Other Child Development Facilities ...................................................
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ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT INSTALLATIONS ................................
6-8.1 Requiremen
ts ....................................................................................
6-9 ORDNANCE
......................................................................................
6-9.1
Ordnance Production Facilities..........................................................
6-9.2
Ultra High-Speed Deluge Systems ....................................................
6-9.3 Magazines
and Bunkers ....................................................................
6-9.4
Stored Missile Assemblies.................................................................
6-9.5
Other Ordnance Facilities ..................................................................
6-10
WAREHOUSES AND STORAGE FACILITIES .................................
6-10.1 Sprinkler Protection ...........................................................................
6-10.2 Bin Storage ........................................................................................
6-10.3 Column Protection .............................................................................
6-10.4 Fire Area Limitation and Separation ..................................................
6-10.5 Fire Walls...........................................................................................
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6-10.6 Rubber Tire Storage .......................................................................... 50
6-11
STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND
HAZARDOUS WASTE ..................................................................................... 51
6-11.1 Flammable/Hazardous (Flam/Haz) Storage ...................................... 51
6-11.2 Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage Areas .......................... 51
6-11.3 Hazardous Materials Storage Areas.................................................. 52
6-11.4 Hazardous Waste Storage Facilities.................................................. 52
6-11.5 Spill Containment............................................................................... 53
6-11.6 Prefabricate d Structures .................................................................... 53
6-11.7 Outdoor Storage Limitations and Separations................................... 53
6-11.8 Electric Wiring and Equipment........................................................... 53
6-11.9 Ventilation .......................................................................................... 53
6-12 WATERFRONT
STRUCTURES........................................................ 54
6-13
PETROLEUM FUEL FACILITIES ...................................................... 54
6-13.1 Aboveground Vertical Tanks.............................................................. 54
6-13.2 Aboveground Vertical Tanks for Flammable Liquids ......................... 54
6-13.3 Aboveground Vertical Tanks for Combustible Liquids ....................... 54
6-13.4 Fuel Transfer Facilities ...................................................................... 55
6-13.5 Aircraft Direct Fueling ........................................................................ 55
6-14 HYDRAULI
C SYSTEMS.................................................................... 55
6-14.1 Petroleum-Based Hydraulic Fluids .................................................... 55
6-14.2 Hydraulic Test Systems ..................................................................... 55
6-15 AIRCRAFT
HANGARS ...................................................................... 56
6-15.1 Tension Fabric Hangars .................................................................... 56
6-16 AIRCRAFT
ACOUSTICAL ENCLOSURES ....................................... 56
6-16.1 Complete Enclosures (Hush-House) ................................................. 56
6-16.2 Out of Airframe Acoustical Enclosures (Test Cells)........................... 57
6-17 HYPERBARIC
AND HYPOBARIC CHAMBERS .............................. 57
6-17.1 Hyperbaric Chambers........................................................................ 57
6-17.2 Hypobaric Chambers ......................................................................... 57
6-18 ANECHOI
C CHAMBERS .................................................................. 57
6-19 LIQUID
OXYGEN (LOX).................................................................... 57
6-19.1 Fixed Liquid Oxygen Tanks ............................................................... 57
6-19.2 Oxygen Bulk Tanks............................................................................ 58
6-19.3 Separation Distances for Liquid Oxygen (LOX) Tanks and Carts ..... 58
6-19.4 Bulk Tank Vehicle Parking................................................................. 58
6-19.5 Liquid Oxygen Storage for Propellant Applications ........................... 58
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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENT SCHOOLS ................ 58
6-21.1 Vehicle Parking.................................................................................. 58
6-21.2 Overhaul or Repair Shops ................................................................. 58
6-21.3 Refueler Vehicle Facilities ................................................................. 59
6-22
PESTICIDE STORAGE AND HANDLING FACILITIES ..................... 59
6-23
WINDOWLESS (LIMITED ACCESS) STRUCTURES....................... 59
6-23.1 Sprinkler Protection ........................................................................... 60
6-24 UNDE
RGROUND STRUCTURES .................................................... 60
6-24.1 Sprinkler Protection ........................................................................... 60
6-25 GAS
SERVICE .................................................................................. 60
6-26 COAL
................................................................................................. 60
6-26.1 Storage .............................................................................................. 60
6-26.2 Handling ............................................................................................. 61
6-26.3 Pulverizing Equipment ....................................................................... 61
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POWER GENERATING AND UTILIZATION EQUIPMENT .............. 61
6-27.1 Stationary Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines, and Generators...... 62
6-27.2 Transformers ..................................................................................... 62
6-28
TRASH COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES ....................... 66
6-28.1 Central Trash Collection and Dumpsters........................................... 66
6-28.2 Collection, Baling, and Storage Rooms ............................................. 66
6-28.3 Trash Chutes ..................................................................................... 66
6-29
PROTECTION OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOMS AND HOISTWAYS
........................................................................................................... 66
6-29.1 Fire Resistant Construction ............................................................... 66
6-29.2 Detection System............................................................................... 67
6-29.3 Electric Traction Elevators ................................................................. 70
6-29.4 Hydraulic Elevators............................................................................ 71
6-29.5 Test Valves ........................................................................................ 71
6-29.6 Italy .................................................................................................... 71
6-30 TENSION
FABRIC STRUCTURES................................................. 74
6-30.1 Separation of, and Basic Allowable Area........................................... 74
6-30.2 Definitions .......................................................................................... 76
6-30.3 Other Features................................................................................... 76
6-30.4 Tension Fabric Hangars .................................................................... 76
6-31 COMMI
SSARIES AND EXCHANGES............................................... 76
6-32
MORALE WELFARE AND RECREATION FACILITIES .................... 76
6-33 MULTI-ST
ORY BUILDINGS .............................................................. 76
6-33.1 Building Four Stories or Greater ........................................................ 76
6-34 COMBUSTI
BLE CONSTRUCTION ................................................... 77
6-34.1 Renovation ......................................................................................... 77
6-35
MISSILE ALERT FACILITIES (MAF)................................................. 77
6-35.1 Sprinkler Protection ........................................................................... 77
6-35.2 Heat Detectors................................................................................... 77
6-35.3 Fire Hydrants ..................................................................................... 77
APPENDIX A
REFERENCES ....................................................................... A-78
APPENDIX B
OCCUPANCY HAZARD CLASSIFICATION FOR DETERMINING
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER DENSITIES AND HOSE STREAM DEMANDS....................... B-86
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PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING FIRE FLOW DEMAND FOR
UNSPRINKLERED FACILITIES ......................................................................................... C-89
APPENDIX D
PROCEDURE FOR PERFORMANCE BASED FOR SAFETY DESIGN
......................................................................................................
D-95
APPENDIX E
INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE, UNIFORM BUILDING CODE, AND
NFPA 220 EQUIVALENTS ................................................................................................. E-101
ACRONYMNS ................................................................................................
INDEX .............................................................................................
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
FIGURES
Figure
Title
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4-1
Floor Control Valve Assembly ................................................................... 28
6-1
Garden Style Apartments .......................................................................... 35
6-2
Townhouse Style Apartment Units (Alternative 1)..................................... 36
6-3
Townhouse Style Apartment Units (Alternative 2)..................................... 36
6-4 Attached
Duplexes .................................................................................... 37
6-5
Townhouse (Attached Single-Family Dwellings) ....................................... 37
6-6 Duplex
....................................................................................................... 38
6-7 Electric
Traction Elevator .......................................................................... 69
6-8
Direct Plunger Hydraulic Elevator ............................................................. 72
6-9
Direct Plunger Hydraulic Elevator – Hydraulic Supply Piping Extending above
the Second Finished Floor Elevation......................................................................... 73
6-10 Holeless
Hydraulic Elevator ...................................................................... 74
TABLES
Table
Title
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3-1
Atmospheric POL Tank Cooling Water ....................................................... 16
3-2
Pressurized POL Tank Cooling Water ........................................................ 16
4-1
Sprinkler System and Water Supply Design Requirements for Sprinklered
Facilities .................................................................................................................... 26
6-1 and 6-2 Separation Distance Between Outdoor Insulated Transformers and
Buildings .................................................................................................................... 63
6-3 and 6-4 Separation Distance Between Outdoor Fluid Insulated Transformers and
Equipment (Including Other Transformers) ................................................................. 64
6-5 Electric
Traction Elevator ............................................................................ 67
6-6
Direct Plunger Hydraulic Elevator ............................................................... 68
6-7 Holeless
Hydraulic Elevator ........................................................................ 69
6-8
Basic Allowable Area for Tension Membrane/Fabric Structures ................. 72
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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
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SCOPE. This UFC, 3-600-01, establishes fire protection
engineering policy and criteria for Department of Defense (DOD) components.
The provisions of this UFC are applicable to all new and existing DOD facilities
located on or outside of DOD installations, whether acquired or leased, by
appropriated or non-appropriated funds, or third party financed and constructed.
Facilities covered by this document include all types of buildings and their
contents, structures, whether considered temporary or permanent, mobile and
stationary equipment, waterfront facilities, outside storage, and shore protection
for ships and aircraft. Matters relating to fire department operations, staffing, and
equipment are not covered by this UFC.
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PURPOSE. The purpose of this UFC is to establish minimum
protection requirements for DOD facilities. These criteria are based on
commercial requirements set forth by national insurance underwriters and may
exceed minimum national code requirements. The requirements in this UFC
reflect the need for the protection of life, mission, and property (building or
contents) while taking into account the costs of implementing the criterion and
risks associated with the facility. These criteria have been established in the best
interest of DOD.
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Document Development. This document is intended to be used
as a basis for the development of detailed design documents (including scope,
basis of design, technical requirements, plans, drawings, specifications, cost
estimates, request for proposals, and invitations for bids) used for the
procurement of facilities, facility similar equipment, and other shore/land based
infrastructure systems. It must be used as a reference document and
requirement in the procurement of architectural and engineering services (A&E)
and other consulting services to prepare detailed design documents including
those for design/build projects. It is not intended to be used in lieu of detailed
design documents in the procurement of facility construction.
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CANCELLATION. UFC 3-600-01, dated 17 April 2003, cancels
and supersedes MIL-HDBK-1008C, Fire Protection for Facilities Engineering,
Design, and Construction, dated 10 June 1997; Naval Facilities Engineering
Command, Planning and Design Policy Statement 96-02, Sprinkler and Smoke
Detector Requirements for Housing and BQs, dated 19 December 1996 and Air
Force Engineering Technical Letter ETL 93-4: Fire Protection Engineering
Criteria – Automatic Sprinkler Systems in Military Family Housing (MFH) of 18
August 1993.
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CRITERIA. This UFC implements the following public laws:
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
UNITED STATES CODE
www.access.gpo.gov/congress/cong013.html
• USC Title 10, Section 1794
Military Child Care
• USC Title 15, Section 272 Utilization of Consensus Technical
Standards by Federal Agencies
• USC Title 15, Section 2227
Fire Administration Authorization
Act (also referred to as the Fire Safety Act)
Hotel-Motel Fire Safety
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• USC Title 15, Section 2225
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USC, Title 15, Section 272, identifies the necessary consensus
technical standards required to implement policy objectives and activities within
the area of fire protection engineering for the DOD. Compliance with criteria
issued in accordance with this UFC does not constitute an exception to the public
laws. Fire protection criteria must conform to the requirements of this UFC, the
National Fire Codes, published by the National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA), except as modified by this UFC, and portions of the International
Building Code (IBC), published by the International Code Council, as specifically
referenced by this UFC. Additional criteria include portions of the Factory Mutual
Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets (FM Global Data Sheets), as
specifically referenced by this UFC. Buildings accessible to the disabled or
impaired must meet the provisions of Federal Standard FED-STD-795, Uniform
Federal Accessibility Standard (UFAS) at http://www.access-board.gov/ufas/ufashtml/ufas.htm, and the Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines
(ADAAG) at http://www.access-board.gov/adaag/html/adaag.htm.
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1-4.1
Application/Types of Work Efforts. This UFC applies to all work
necessary to build, maintain, or change DoD facilities/structures/systems. The
services and agencies within DoD use various terms to classify these work
efforts.
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1-4.1.1
Construction. Construction projects provide new
facilities/structures/systems and must comply with the criteria in this UFC.
Additions to existing buildings must comply with the criteria for new buildings. If
the addition is 50% or more of the existing building's gross floor area, the existing
building must comply with the criteria for new buildings, to the maximum extent
possible.
1-4.1.2
Modernization/Major Investments.
1-4.1.2.1
Buildings that have alteration, modernization, modification,
rehabilitation, and renovation costs equal to or exceeding 50% of the
replacement cost of the building, must bring the entire building into compliance
with new construction requirements. The 50% cost is exclusive of the costs to
bring the building into full compliance.
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1-4.1.2.2
Facilities in which alteration, modernization, rehabilitation, and
renovation work is less than 50% of the replacement value of the building, the
building must comply with the criteria in this UFC for new construction, to the
maximum extent practical. All new work accomplished as part of alteration,
modernization, modification, rehabilitation, and renovation actions/projects must
meet the requirements for new construction.
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1-4.1.3
Sustainment and Restoration. New work accomplished in
facilities as part of repair, restoration, and sustainment actions/projects must
meet the requirements for new construction in this UFC.
1-4.1.4
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Note: Sustainment and restoration efforts should look beyond the scope
of work to ensure that the fire protection (including life safety) features are not
being compromised or designed only for the portion of the building that is being
repaired. The repair project, if possible, should include a basis to support the
entire building, i.e., if considering providing a fire alarm extender panel to the
existing antiquated fire alarm control panel, ensure the panel being provided has
the capability to support the entire building so any additional projects can utilize
the new panel without having to remove what was just installed.
Conversion of Use/Change of Occupancy.
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1-4.1.4.1
When any portion of a building is modified from its current use to
that of an inhabited building, billeting, or a primary gathering building for one year
or more, the building must meet the requirements for new construction.
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Note: Examples would include a warehouse (uninhabited) being
converted to administrative (inhabited) use; an inhabited administrative
building being converted to a primary gathering building or billeting; or an
non-compliant primary gathering building/billeting being altered,
modernized, modified, rehabilitated, or renovated and converted to
billeting/primary gathering building. Definitions of inhabited, uninhabited,
primary gather building and billeting are found in UFC 4-010-01 DoD
MINIMUM ANTITERRORISM STANDARDS FOR BUILDINGS.
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1-4.1.4.2
When any portion of a building is modified from its current use to
that of a mission essential building for one year or more, the building must meet
the requirements for new construction.
Note: Examples would include a warehouse being converted to an aircraft
hangar.
1-4.1.4.3
When any portion of a building is modified from its current use to
any other occupancy use for two years or more, the building must meet the
requirements for new construction. Changing groups of occupants within the
occupancy classification does not constitute an occupancy change.
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Note: An example of modifying from one occupancy to another would
include an office building converted to mercantile. An example of
changing groups of occupants would include an installation personnel
function occupying the office space formally used by an installation
contracting function.
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1-4.2
Existing Facilities. Existing facilities that meet the requirements of
NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for existing occupancies do not have to be modified
to comply with the provisions of this UFC. Facilities that do not meet the
requirements of NPFA 101 for existing facilities must be brought up to, at least
the minimum requirements for existing facilities. If the facility cannot be brought
up to the minimum requirements for existing facilities and a renovation,
modernization, or rehabilitation project is required, that project must meet the
requirements for new construction as specified in this UFC. Any changes in
occupancy must require the facility to meet the requirements for new construction
for the new occupancy as specified in this UFC.
1-4.3
Absence of Criteria. When a specific application is not covered by
the criteria cited in this UFC, follow national building codes, recognized industry
standards, and standard engineering practices. In the absence of such technical
information, contact the DOD component authority having jurisdiction (refer to
paragraph 1-4.6).
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1-4.4
Performance-Based Fire Safety Design. It is permissible that
performance-based fire safety design methods be applied to the renovation,
restoration, remodeling or modernization of existing facilities to address the
evaluation of a subsystem, system, or complete building when it is not possible to
meet the provided prescriptive requirements for new construction. New facilities
for which established prescriptive criteria exist, must not be permitted to use
performance-based fire and life safety design methods. The use of performancebased fire safety design methods must only be permitted upon authorization by
the DOD component authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) for new mission critical or
unique facilities, where the user mandates requirements and objectives that are
not addressed by established prescriptive requirements of national codes or this
UFC. Performance-based fire safety design methods must not be used to
eliminate required exiting requirements of NFPA 101, nor must it be used to
eliminate automatic sprinkler systems required by DOD criteria.
1-4.4.1
Application and Use of Performance-Based Fire Safety Design
Methods. If performance-based fire safety design is used or permitted by the
DOD component AHJ, Appendix D describes the provisions and applicable
requirements associated with the fire safety design of DOD facilities. Appendix D
is in accordance with the performance-based option of NFPA 101, Life Safety
Code, and the performance-based fire safety design approach of the Society of
Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE), Introduction to Performance-Base Fire Safety.
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A fire protection engineer that meets the requirements of paragraph 1-6 below
must perform the performance-based fire safety design.
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1-4.5
Conflicts in Criteria. If a conflict exists between this UFC and any
other DOD document, referenced code, standard, or publication, this UFC must
take precedence. The individual DOD components may issue technical guidance
that takes precedence. The Army and Air Force issue engineering technical
letters (ETLs); the Navy issues interim technical guidance (ITG); and the DLA
issues technical policies. For Army, see
http://www.hnd.usace.army.mil/techinfo/engpubs.htm. For Air Force, see
www.afcesa.af.mil/Directorate/CES/Mechanical/FireEngr/default.htm. For Navy,
see http://www.efdlant.navfac.navy.mil/criteria/publications.htm.
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1-4.6
Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ). The term "AHJ" as used in
the codes and standards referenced in this UFC must mean the component
office of responsibility, i.e., U.S. Army, HQ USACE/CECW-E; U.S. Navy,
NAVFACENGCOM HQ Code CHENG; U.S. Marine Corps, HQMC Code LFF-1;
U.S. Air Force, HQ AFCESA/CES; Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), DSS-IP;
National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), Security and Installations; and all
other DOD components, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations via
the DOD Committee on Fire Protection Engineering.
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1-4.7
Equivalencies. Equivalencies to established criteria may be
approved by the AHJ, if the alternate fire protection engineering design provides
an equivalent level of fire protection and life safety. Requests for approval must
include written justification, hazard analysis, cost comparisons, criteria used, and
other pertinent data. Lack of funds is not considered sufficient justification for
deviation from established criteria. Approved equivalencies and alternatives
must only apply to the specific facility involved and do not constitute blanket
approval for similar cases.
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1.4.8
Waivers. Waivers to established criteria must be submitted to the
AHJ for determination. The waiver must demonstrate that the criteria cannot be
technically executed, or execution of the criteria will increase a hazard or create
a new hazard and no technical alternatives exist. Written request for waivers
must include justification, hazards analysis, cost comparison, alternatives
considered, and other pertinent data. Lack of funds or cost savings are not
considered sufficient justification for deviation from established criteria. Waivers
must only apply to the specific facility or project involved and do not constitute
blanket approval for similar cases.
1-4.9
Antiterrorism/Force Protection. Pursuant to the Fiscal Year 2004
military construction program, UFC 4-010-01, DOD minimum Antiterrorism
Standards for Buildings replaces the requirements of Interim DOD AT/FP
Construction Standards for Buildings. Antiterrorism/Force Protection (AT/FP)
requirements must not preclude any fire protection requirements.
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1-5
DESIGN ANALYSIS. A fire protection design analysis is required
for all designs and must address the fire protection requirements of the project as
required by this UFC. Summarize the fire protection design analysis and submit
with the first design submission separate from other disciplines. Where
applicable, discuss the following minimum fire protection provisions (include
required vs. provided):
Building code analysis (i.e., type of construction, height and area
limitations, and building separation or exposure protection)
• Classification of occupancy,
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• Specific compliance with UCF 3-600-01 and National Fire Codes,
Requirements for fire-rated walls, fire-rated doors, fire dampers
with their fire-resistive ratings, smoke compartmentation, smoke
barriers
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• NFPA 101, Life Safety Code
• Analysis of automatic suppression systems and protected areas,
• Water supplies,
• Smoke control systems,
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• Fire alarm system (the type of alarm system and location of the fire
alarm equipment and fire zones),
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• Fire detection system (the type of detection system and location of
detectors and fire zones),
• Standpipe systems and fire extinguishers,
• Interior finish ratings,
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• Connection to and description of base fire alarm reporting system.
• Identify the various occupancies and hazardous areas associated
with the facility.
• Coordination with security and AT/FP requirements.
• Fire Department access.
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Note: When directed by the cognizant fire protection engineer
(FPE), projects with little or no fire protection considerations must not require a
fire protection design analysis.
1-5.1
100% Design Submission. The project FPE must review the 100%
design submission of plans and specifications and certify in writing that the design is
in compliance with this UFC and all applicable criteria. This certification letter may
be submitted with the 100% submission.
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1-6
SERVICES AND QUALIFICATIONS OF FIRE PROTECTION
ENGINEERS. Major projects require the services and review of a qualified fire
protection engineer. Projects involving design or modification of, fire rated
construction, fire detection, fire suppression, or life safety systems require the
services and review of a qualified fire protection engineer. A qualified fire
protection engineer is an integral part of the design team, and must be involved
in every aspect of the design as it relates to fire protection. This includes, but is
not limited to, building code analysis, life safety code analysis, design of
automatic detection and suppression systems, water supply analysis, and a
multi-discipline review of the entire project. For the purposes of meeting this
requirement, a qualified fire protection engineer is defined as an individual
meeting one of the following conditions:
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• An engineer having a Bachelor of Science or Master of Science
Degree in Fire Protection Engineering from an accredited university
engineering program, plus a minimum of 5 years work experience
in fire protection engineering.
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• A registered professional engineer (P.E.) who has passed the fire
protection engineering written examination administered by the
National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveys
(NCEES).
• A registered P.E. in a related engineering discipline with a minimum
of 5 years experience, dedicated to fire protection engineering that
can be verified with documentation.
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1-7
FIRE PROTECTION DURING CONSTRUCTION. Contract
specifications must reference the Army Corps of Engineering Manual (EM), EM
385-1-1, Safety and Health Requirements Manual, and NFPA 241, Safeguarding
Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations, and must contain the
requirement that the activity's fire regulations be followed.
Note: For Navy projects, Unified Facilities Guide Specification
(UFGS) 01525, Safety and Occupational Health Requirements, must be used.
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CHAPTER 2
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
2-1
BASIC CRITERIA. Conform building construction to fire resistance
requirements, allowable floor area, building height limitations, and building
separation distance requirements of the IBC, except as modified by this UFC.
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2-1.1
Egress and Safety to Life. Comply with NFPA 101 for building
construction related to egress and safety to life. For conflicts between the IBC
and NFPA 101 related to fire resistance rating, conform to NFPA 101 and
applicable criteria contained in this UFC. Appendix E provides a cross reference
between the construction types referenced in NFPA 220, Types of Building
Construction and the IBC.
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2-1.2
Partitions. The IBC fire resistance requirements for permanent
partitions do not apply to non-bearing partitions in Type I and Type II
construction. For fire resistance ratings of non-bearing partitions in Type I and
Type II construction, comply with NFPA 101. Occupancy separation walls must
comply with the IBC.
2-1.3
Type of Construction. Follow the requirements of the IBC to
determine the permitted types of construction.
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Exception: Type V (wood) roofs may be constructed on buildings
of Type I or II construction, provided that they are separated from all other areas
of the building by horizontal 2-hour concrete or masonry fire resistive
construction. These roofs will not require sprinkler protection but will require draft
stops to divide the spaces into areas not exceeding 280 M2 (3,000 ft2). Provide
self-closing and latching access doors of similar construction in the draft stop
where there is no other means of access to the area.
2-1.4
Separation Between Buildings. Use the IBC to determine
required separation distances between buildings.
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2-1.4.1
Special Requirements. Meet the following special requirements
for the following building types:
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Separate house trailers in accordance with NFPA 501A, Fire
Safety Criteria for Manufactured Home Installations, Sites, and
Communities.
• Separate relocatable or prefabricated structures used for other than
family dwellings in accordance with the IBC requirements for
permanent buildings.
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• Do not group relocatable facilities such as electronic equipment
vans to form areas greater than 557 m2 (6,000 ft2) for unsprinklered
facilities and 1115 m2 (12,000 ft2) for sprinklered facilities. Do not
group relocatable facilities having extra hazard occupancies as
defined by NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, to form
areas greater than 372 m2 (4,000 ft2) for unsprinklered facilities and
743 m2 (8,000 ft2) for sprinklered facilities. Provide a minimum
separation of 15.3 m (50 ft) between groups of extra hazard
occupancy, and 4.6 m (15 ft) for all other groups.
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2-2
FIRE AREAS. Conform to the IBC, except as modified by this
UFC. Exceptions for specific occupancies are listed in Chapter 6 of this UFC.
Note: The Air Force permits the allowable area to triple in any
building when an approved automatic sprinkler system is installed, regardless of
building height, atria, or substitution for one-hour fire resistive construction.
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BUILDING HEIGHT LIMITATIONS. Conform to the IBC, except as
modified by this UFC.
LIMITING INTERIOR FIRE SPREAD.
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2-4.1
Door Openings. Door openings, in fire resistive construction, must
be protected in accordance with NFPA 80, Fire Doors and Fire Windows. Fire
door assemblies are required on each side of the door opening in 4-hour fire
walls when openings are fitted with 3-hour rolling or sliding fire doors. Use fire
doors listed by Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL), FM, or a nationally
recognized testing laboratory (NRTL). Do not modify approved fire doors in the
field. Local fabrication of fire doors is not permitted.
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2-4.2
Penetrations. The protection of ducts at point of passage through
firewalls must be in accordance with NFPA 90A, Installation of Air-Conditioning
and Ventilating Systems, and/or NFPA 90B, Installation of Warm Air Heating and
Air-Conditioning Systems. All other penetrations, such as piping, conduit, and
wiring, through firewalls must be protected with a material or system of the same
hourly rating that is listed by UL, FM, or a NRTL.
2-5
MEANS OF EGRESS.
2-5.1
Requirements. Comply with the requirements of NFPA 101,
except as modified by this UFC.
2-5.2
Means of Egress Marking. Mark means of egress in accordance
with NFPA 101. Signs must have lettering on an opaque background. Internally
illuminated signs must be light emitting diode (LED) type or cold cathode type.
Incandescent fixtures are not permitted except existing fixtures, which may
remain in use.
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Exception: In overseas locations; additional markings may be
required to remain consistent with local national standards; colors may be
consistent with local national standards, and bilingual signs are permitted.
2-5.2.1
Radioluminous Exit Signs. Radioluminous exit signs in DOD
facilities are not permitted.
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2-5.2.2
Photoluminescent Exit Signs. Photoluminescent exit signs and
egress path marking is permitted only where provided with a reliable external
illumination (charging) source providing a minimum illumination of 54 lux (5 footcandles) of unfiltered fluorescent light. External illumination source must be
energized at all times during building occupancy. Such lighting must not be
controlled by automatic timers, automatic sensors including area occupancy
sensors, or accessible manual switches. Controls for such lighting must be
accessible only to authorized personnel. Photoluminescent signs must only be
installed indoors and must not be exposed to direct sunlight, liquid spray, or
temperatures outside of the range of +10 to 40°C (50 to 104°F). The legible
viewing distance must be limited to 15.3 m (50 ft).
INTERIOR FINISH.
2-6.1
Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish. Wall and ceiling finishes, and
movable partitions must conform to the requirements of NFPA 101 for interior
finishes.
Do not use drop-out ceilings (foam-grid panels).
2-6.2
Interior Floor Finish. Conform to the requirements of NFPA 101.
2-7
INSULATION.
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2-6.1.1
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2-7.1
Requirements. Use thermal and acoustical insulation with a flame
spread (FS) rating not higher than 75, and a smoke developed (SD) rating not
higher than 150 when tested in accordance with ASTM E84 (NFPA 255),
Standard Method of Test of Surface Burning Characteristics of Building
Materials. Test cellular plastic insulation in the same densities and thicknesses
as the material that will be used in construction applications.
2-7.2
Exceptions to Insulation Criteria. For certain types of insulation
installation, the exceptions described in paragraphs 2-7.2.1 and 2-7.2.2 apply.
2-7.2.1
Flame Spread - No Smoke Developed Rating Limitation.
Compliance with the SD rating limitation is not required, and a FS rating up to
100 is permitted for insulation, including insulating sheathing installed within wall
assemblies. In such installations, conform the interior finish materials to
paragraph 2-6 with a minimum fire-resistance rating of 15 minutes when tested in
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accordance with ASTM E119, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building
Construction and Materials.
2-7.2.2
No Flame Spread or Smoke Limitation. Compliance with FS and
SD limitations are not required for the following applications:
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• Insulation installed above poured concrete or poured gypsum roof
decks, nominal 50.8 mm (2-inch) thick tongue-and-groove wood
plank roof decks, or precast roof deck panels or planks that are
approved by a NRTL, as noncombustible roof deck construction.
• Insulation installed above roof decks where the entire roof
construction assembly, including the insulation, is UL listed as Fire
Classified, or FM approved for Class I roof deck construction or
equal listing or classification by a NRTL.
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• Insulation contained entirely within panels where the entire panel
assembly used in the construction application meets the cited FS
and SD limitations.
• Insulation isolated from the interior of the building by masonry
walls, masonry cavity walls, insulation encased in masonry cores,
or concrete floors.
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• Insulation installed over concrete floor slabs and completely
covered by wood tongue-and-groove flooring without creating air
spaces within the flooring system.
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• Insulation completely enclosed in hollow metal doors.
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Insulation installed between new exterior siding materials and
existing exterior siding or wood board, plywood, fiberboard, or
gypsum exterior wall sheathing.
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Note: The exception to SD limitations described in this paragraph is
not applicable to hospitals and correctional facilities.
2-8
ROOF COVERINGS AND ROOF DECK ASSEMBLIES.
2-8.1
Roof Coverings. Use roof coverings approved and listed by a
NRTL. The UL Roofing Materials and Systems Directory lists three Classes (A,
B, and C) of acceptable roof coverings based on compliance with UL 790, Safety
Tests for Fire Resistance of Roof Covering Materials and NFPA 256, Fire Tests
of Roof Coverings. Restrict Class C roof coverings to housing and buildings
under 744 m2 (8,000 ft2) and that are not mission essential.
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2-8.2
Roof Deck Assemblies. Roof deck assemblies must be FM Class
I approved, or UL listed as Fire Classified or equal listing or classification by an
NRTL.
Exception 1: Fully sprinklered buildings.
Exception 2: Buildings less than 744 m2 (8,000 ft2).
FIRE DEPARTMENT VEHICLE ACCESS.
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2-9
ROOF ACCESS. Required enclosed exit stairs that extend to the
top floor in any building three or more stories in height must have, at the highest
point of the stair tower, an approved hatch opening to the roof with an
appropriate ladder that conforms to 29 CFR 1910.27, Fixed Ladders. The hatch
must be not less than 1.5 m2 (16 ft2) in area, with a minimum dimension of 610
mm (2 ft). At least one stairway must terminate at a standard door opening
leading onto the roof surface, unless the roof has a slope greater than 4 in 12.
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2-10.1
Vehicle Access. Fire department vehicles must have unimpeded
access to the building for emergency response. The access from the road to the
building must be paved and terminate no farther than 10 m (33 ft) from the
building. Such access may require fire apparatus to drive over a curb, or the
opening of a gate, removal of a bollard provided no more than one person is
required to open the gate or remove the bollard. Any locking device controlling
vehicle access must be under control of the Fire Department or 24-hour security
personnel located at the specific facility.
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2-10.2
All-Weather Ground Access. Provide new facilities four stories or
more in height and all-new warehouses with suitable all-weather ground access
surface for aerial apparatus on a minimum of two sides of the perimeter of the
structure.
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2-10.3
Access for Emergency Vehicle Response. All substantial
buildings must have at least one means of all-weather ground access surface to
the building for emergency vehicle response. Comply with NFPA 1, Fire
Prevention Code, dimensions for fire lanes and turnarounds.
2-10.4
Fire Department Connection. Facilities with fire department
connections for sprinkler or standpipe systems must be provided with suitable allweather ground access surface for pumper apparatus within 45 m (150 ft) of
such fire department connections.
2-11
AIR HANDLING.
2-11.1
Design Requirements. Air handling, heating, ventilation, and
exhaust systems must comply with the requirements of NFPA 90A, except as
modified by this UFC.
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2-11.2
Corridors. Egress corridors must not be used as a portion of a
supply, return, or exhaust air system serving adjoining areas. Air transfer
opening(s) must not be permitted in walls or in doors separating egress corridors
from adjoining areas.
Exception: Toilet rooms, bathrooms, shower rooms, sink closets,
and similar auxiliary spaces opening directly onto the egress corridor.
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2-11.3
Plenums. Plenums may be used as an integral part of an air
handling system only if they conform to the requirements of NFPA 90A. Under
no circumstances may combustible materials be located within the plenum
space. Electrical wiring passing through the space, including telephone and
communication wiring, must be approved for that type of environment or must be
in metal conduit. Rooms or areas which form a plenum space or which are used
as a plenum must not be occupied for any purpose except during repairs or
maintenance operations to the air handling equipment.
PLASTIC PIPE AND CONDUIT.
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2-11.4
Smoke and Heat Vents. Smoke and heat vents may be
considered in buildings where a high rate of heat release is anticipated during a
fire. In buildings without automatic sprinklers, smoke and heat vents must be
arranged to operate automatically in accordance with NFPA 204, Smoke and
Heat Venting. In buildings with automatic sprinkler protection, smoke and heat
vents must be arranged to operate in the manual mode only. Skylights are the
preferred method of providing manual smoke and heat vents.
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2-12.1
Penetrations. Penetrations by plastic pipe or conduit through firerated walls, partitions, shafts, and floors must be fire-stopped by an approved or
listed method in accordance with ASTM E814, Standard Test Method for Fire
Tests of Through-Penetration Fire Stops or UL 1479, Fire Tests of ThroughPenetration Firestops.
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2-12.2
Prohibited Locations. Plastic pipe and conduit must not be
installed in exit stair enclosures, or in air plenum spaces unless specifically listed
for that application.
2-13
FIRE RETARDANT TREATED (FRT) PLYWOOD.
2-13.1
New Construction. Use of FRT plywood is prohibited, except as
permitted by the IBC. FRT plywood must not be used in any part of the roof or
roofing system.
2-13.2
Existing Construction. FRT plywood installations should be
regularly inspected for structural integrity. Replacement of damaged FRT
plywood may require additional fire protection measures if FRT plywood is
replaced with more combustible materials.
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CHAPTER 3
WATER SUPPLY FOR FIRE PROTECTION
3-1
WATER DEMANDS FOR SPRINKLERED FACILITIES.
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3-1.1
Factors Influencing the Water Demand for Sprinklers. The
water demand required for sprinkler protection depends upon occupancy,
discharge density, design area, and type of sprinkler system (wet or dry), type of
construction, and other building features.
3-1.2
Water Demand for Sprinklers. The water demand required for
sprinklers must be determined from Table 4-1.
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3-1.2.1
Design Densities. Design densities indicated in Table 4-1 are
minimum densities, and each sprinkler in the design area must discharge at least
the flow rate required to produce the stipulated density.
3-1.2.2
Design Area. Design areas shown in Table 4-1 are the
hydraulically most remote areas.
3-1.3
Water Demand for Hose Streams. Hose streams are needed
concurrently with sprinkler discharge in order to effect final extinguishment or to
wet down adjacent structures. The hose stream demand for sprinklered
occupancies must be determined from Table 4-1.
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3-1.4
Total Water Demand for Sprinklered Occupancies. The total
water demand for sprinklered occupancies is equal to the sum of the
domestic/industrial demand plus the sprinkler system(s) water demand and the
hose stream(s) demand. The total demand must be available at the sprinkler
system connection to the underground main, and at the pressure necessary to
produce the required sprinkler density over the required hydraulically most
remote area of sprinkler operation.
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3-1.5
Water Demand for Sprinklers (Special Facilities). Special
requirements apply to some facilities, as indicated in paragraphs 3-1.5.1 through
3-1.5.7.
3-1.5.1
Family Housing. Water demand for family housing must be the
sprinkler water demand plus domestic demand and 950 L/m (250 gpm) for hose
streams.
3-1.5.2
Warehouses (Piled or Rack Storage). Water demands for
warehouses containing rack storage or piled storage must comply with paragraph
6-10.
14
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17 April 2003
3-1.5.3
Rubber Tire Storage. Water demands for rubber tire storage must
comply with paragraph 6-10.
3-1.5.4
Aircraft Hangars. Water demands for aircraft hangars must
comply with paragraph 6-15.
3-1.5.5
Aircraft Acoustical Enclosures. Water demands for these
facilities must comply with paragraph 6-16.
ED
3-1.5.6
Ordnance Facilities. Water demands for ordnance facilities must
comply with paragraph 6-9.
3-1.5.7
Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage. Water demands
for flammable and combustible liquid storage facilities must conform to paragraph
6-11.
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3-2
WATER DEMANDS FOR UNSPRINKLERED FACILITIES. Water
demands for buildings and facilities that are not fully sprinklered are based on fire
department hose stream requirements.
3-2.1
Hose Stream Demands for Unsprinklered Facilities. Hose
stream demands and duration requirements for facilities that are not fully
sprinklered are outlined in Appendix C. The following factors affect the water
demand and duration and must be considered to determine the specific demand
and duration within a given range in accordance with Appendix C:
Occupancy classification,
•
Response time by fire department,
AN
C
•
Type of construction,
•
Number of stories,
•
Separation distances,
•
Building floor area, and
•
Firefighting access.
C
•
3-2.1.1
Procedure. The procedure for determining specific fire flow
demands and duration within a range is provided in Appendix C. This procedure
must be followed to determine the minimum requirements for facilities that are
not fully sprinklered.
3-2.1.2
High Demands. When the required fire flow demand exceeds
7,570 L/m (2,000 gpm), a cost and benefit analysis must be conducted to
determine if additional fire protection systems, features, or design changes that
15
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
provide more favorable factors, such as type of construction or sprinkler
protection, are more cost effective than providing the required fire flow.
3-2.2
Hose Stream Demand for Unsprinklered Special Facilities.
Special requirements may apply to certain facilities. Such facilities include ship
berthing and drydock facilities, family housing, petroleum oil lubricant (POL)
areas, aircraft parking and refueling areas, and vehicle and yard storage. See
below.
ED
3-2.2.1
Ship Berthing and Drydock Facilities. Refer to paragraph 6-12
for water demand requirements for ship berthing and drydock facilities.
3-2.2.2
Family Housing. The water demand for unsprinklered family
housing must be as follows:
• One-story - 1,900 L/min (500 gpm) for 90 minutes.
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• Two-story - 2,840 L/min (750 gpm) for 90 minutes.
• Three-story and above - 3,785 L/min (1,000 gpm) for 90 minutes.
3-2.2.3
Petroleum Oil Lubricant (POL) Areas. POL areas must conform
to the following:
C
• Aboveground Atmospheric POL Tanks. Table 3-1 provides fire flow
rates for non-pressurized POL tanks.
C
AN
• Aboveground Pressurized POL Tanks. Table 3-2 provides fire flow
rates for pressurized POL tanks.
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17 April 2003
Table 3-1
Atmospheric POL Tank Cooling Water
TANK DIAMETER
FIRE FLOW RATE
METERS
GPM
L/MIN
0 - 64
0-19
500
1900
65 - 119
20 - 35
750
2840
120 - 154
36 - 46
1,000
3,785
155 - 199
47 - 61
1,250
4,740
200 or greater
61 or greater
1,500
5,680
Minimum duration: 240 minutes.
ED
FEET
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Note: Provide an additional 1,900 L/min (500 gpm) for each exposed tank,
pressure vessel or handling facility within 15.3 m (50 ft) or one tank diameter,
whichever is greater, of the largest tank under consideration. The maximum
water supply for storage tanks must not exceed 9,465 L/m (2,500 gpm).
Table 3-2
Pressurized POL Tank Cooling Water
C
TANK GROUP SIZE
FIRE FLOW RATE
L/MIN (GPM)
950 (250)
Single tank more than 113,550 L (30,000
gallon) capacity.
1900 (500)
2 to 6 tanks, one or more tanks greater than
113,550 L (30,000 gallon) capacity.
1900 (500)
AN
Single tank less than 113,550 L (30,000
gallon) capacity.
3795 (1,000)
7 or more tanks, each tank less than
113,550 L (30,000 gallon) capacity.
3785 (1,000)
7 or more tanks, one or more tanks greater
than 113,550 L (30,000 gallon) capacity.
5680 (1,500)
C
2 to 6 tanks, each greater than 113,550 L
(30,000 gallon) capacity.
Minimum duration: 240 minutes
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17 April 2003
3-2.3
Aircraft Parking and Refueling Facilities. A minimum fire flow
rate of 3,785 L/min (1,000 gpm) for a 2-hour duration is to be provided for all
such facilities.
ED
3-2.4
Yard and Outdoor Storage. Yard and outdoor storage must be
protected in accordance with NFPA 80A, Protection of Buildings From Exterior
Fire Exposures, NFPA 13, and FM Global Data Sheet 1-20, Protection Against
Exterior Fire Exposure. Aisle widths and separation distances must be
maintained to limit the exposure to nearby buildings and to facilitate manual fire
fighting operations.
3-2.5
Vehicle Parking Areas. A minimum fire flow rate of 1900 L/m (500
gpm) for a 2-hour duration must be provided for all such facilities.
3-3
WATER SUPPLY PRESSURE REQUIREMENTS.
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3-3.1
Pressure Required. Pressure required for sprinklered facilities
must be the most demanding pressure of the domestic/industrial demand,
sprinkler demand, or hose stream demand and must be determined by hydraulic
calculations.
AN
C
3-4
QUANTITIES OF WATER REQUIRED. Requirements for fire
protection water storage are based on the assumption that there will be only one
fire at a time. The quantity of water required is equal to the product of the fire
protection water demand and the required duration. This quantity represents fire
protection requirements only, and must be available at all times. Water supply
for domestic, industrial, and other demands must be added to these
requirements to determine the total amount of water that is necessary at a
facility. If the public water system supplying a facility is reliable, provides a
minimum of two connections (each providing at least 50 percent of the required
capacity), has adequate capacity and pressure to meet water requirements, and
continuous reserve storage capacity at least equal to the required fire protection
water storage, then no separate water storage facility is required.
C
3-4.1
Total Storage Capacity. The total supply stored for fire protection
purposes must be sufficient to meet the maximum required fire flow demand for
the durations specified in this UFC.
3-4.2
Reduction in Storage Capacity. In computing the fire protection
storage requirement, a reduction in storage capacity is acceptable if an adequate
replenishment source is available. Factors that must be evaluated include the
reliability of the makeup facility, its sustained flow capacity, its method of
operation (automatic or manual), and flow limitations imposed by the capacity of
treatment operations. These factors and calculations must be reviewed and
approved by the cognizant Fire Protection Engineer.
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3-4.3
Replenishment of Storage. The water storage must be selfreplenishing. It must reach required volume during normal consumption within
48 hours, and within 24 hours curtailing normal consumption.
3-5
SOURCES OF WATER SUPPLY.
3-5.1
Primary Water Supplies. Primary water supplies must consist of
one or a combination of the following:
• Elevated tanks or reservoirs.
ED
• Two separate connections to a public water system (one
connection is ample for a small activity, such as a Reserve Training
Facility) that when one connection isolated, water can still be
supplied to the activity.
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• Multiple pumps with adequate suction supply.
3-5.2
Secondary Water Supplies. Where public water supply is
inadequate or unreliable, a secondary supply is required. Secondary supply
must be by gravity tank, pressure tank, booster pumps taking suction from
adequate capacity main(s), or fire pumps taking suction from adequate source(s).
AN
C
3-5.3
On-Site Storage. Where the on-site storage is the sole source for
the water supply, the storage must be divided into two approximately equal
capacity tanks or reservoir sections, arranged so that at least one-half of the
water supply will always be available during tank/reservoir maintenance. The
discharge or suction line from each tank or reservoir section must be sized to
deliver the maximum required fire flow.
Exception: Existing warehouses where the existing water storage
facilities are deemed reliable by the AHJ.
3-6
FIRE PUMPS.
C
3-6.1
Requirements. Pumps for fire protection must have adequate
capacity with reliable power and water supply. This equipment must conform to
requirements of NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for
Fire Protection. Fire pumps, drivers, and other equipment including automatic
accessories must be listed by UL, approved by FM, or listed or classified by an
NRTL.
3-6.1.1
Fire pumps must be located in a detached, noncombustible pump
house or located in a 2-hour fire rated room with direct access from the exterior.
19
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
3-6.1.2
A secondary fire pump must be provided when the water supply
cannot support 25% of the sprinklers in the hydraulically most remote design
area with the primary fire pump out-of-service.
Note: For DLA, a secondary fire pump must be provided whenever
a fire pump is required.
Exception: For Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, this only applies to
critical facilities.
ED
3-6.2
Pump Type. A fire pump may be either a horizontal or vertical
shaft centrifugal pump or a vertical shaft turbine pump; whichever is most
economical and appropriate for the intended use. A centrifugal pump in either
the horizontal or vertical position must not be used where suction lift is required.
A vertical shaft turbine pump must be used for suction lift.
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3-6.3
Pump Starting Arrangement. Fire pumps must be arranged to
start automatically. Fire pumps may be arranged for manual starting when other
available water supply sources are capable of providing demands for automatic
sprinkler systems simultaneously with domestic and industrial demands.
3-6.3.1
Pump Shut Down. Once started, fire pumps must be arranged to
run until shut down manually.
C
Exc
eption 1: Operation by automatic periodic exercise timers used
for the required preventive maintenance run times.
AN
Exception 2: Automatic shut down upon total exhaustion of suction
reservoir water may be permitted.
C
3-6.4
Pump Drive. When electric power is economically available, from
a reliable single power source or from two independent sources in accordance
with NFPA 20, pumps must be electric driven only. A reliable single power
source is defined as a power source having an average forced down time,
excluding scheduled repairs, which does not exceed 8 consecutive hours for any
one incident nor more than 24 hours cumulatively over the last 3 years. When
such electrical power supplies are not available, fire pumps must be diesel
driven. Spark ignited internal combustion engines must not be used to drive fire
pumps.
Exception: A diesel driven fire pump does not have to be provided
when the fire pump is equipped with an automatic transfer switch and connected
to an emergency generator.
3-6.5
Water Level Controls. Manual controls, double-acting altitude
valves, or other automatic devices must be used to maintain the water level in
elevated storage tanks. Altitude valves must be arranged with bypasses.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
3-6.6
Meters. Where meters are installed on fire sprinkler and hose
stream water distribution systems, they must be listed by an NRTL as fire flow
meters.
3-7
WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS.
ED
3-7.1
Distribution Mains. The distribution system must be sized to
accommodate fire flows plus domestic and industrial or flushing demands that
cannot be restricted during fires. Distribution must be looped to provide at least
50 percent of the required fire flow in case of a single break. Dead-end mains
must be avoided. Distribution systems must be designed in accordance with
American Water Works Association Manual M31 Distribution System
Requirements for Fire Protection and NFPA 24, Installation of Private Fire
Service Mains and Their Appurtenances. For Army projects, also refer to TM 5813-5, Water Supply, Water Distribution, Volume 5. For Navy and Air Force
projects, also refer to MIL-HDBK-1005/7, Water Supply Systems.
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3-7.2
Valves. Control valves must be provided in each source of water
supply, such as tanks and pumps. Control valves must be either post-indicating
or outside-stem-and-yoke types. A sufficient number of sectional valves must be
provided so that not more than a combined total of five hydrants and sprinkler
systems, or not more than three sprinkler systems must be out of service due to
a single break. Sectional valves may be key-operated type. New valves must be
right-hand valves.
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3-7.2.1
Drawings. Drawings must be provided showing control and
sectional valve locations and valve sizes. Existing left-hand valves must be
clearly indicated on drawings.
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AN
3-7.3
Hydrants. Fire hydrants must be UL listed, FM approved, or listed
or classified by an NRTL and must have two 65 mm (2-1/2-inch) hose outlets and
one 115m (4-1/2-inch) suction connection with national standard fire hose
threads in accordance with NFPA 24 and NFPA 1963, Fire Hose Connections.
Wet-barrel or California-type hydrants are preferable in areas where there is no
danger of freezing. Dry barrel or traffic-type hydrants must be used in areas
where there is a danger of freezing. Hydrants must be aboveground type. If
local municipal departments use nonstandard connections, adapters must be
made and supplied to engine companies that respond to DOD installation fires.
In DOD installations serviced by only local fire departments, hydrant hose
threads must meet local requirements.
Note 1: Overseas bases with current below grade hydrants in
accordance with local national policy are acceptable.
Note 2: For Navy projects, a 100 mm (4-inch) suction connection
must be provided for facilities that have existing fire hydrants with 100 mm (4inch) suction connection.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
ED
3-7.3.1
Installation Requirements. Hydrants must be installed adjacent
to paved areas, accessible to fire department apparatus. Hydrants must not be
closer than 1 m (3 ft) nor farther than 2.1 m (7 ft) from the roadway shoulder or
curb line. Hydrants must be installed with not less than 150 mm (6-inch)
connection to the supply main, and valved at the connection. Barrels must be
long enough to permit at least 450 mm (18-inch) clearance between the center of
the 115 mm (4-1/2-inch) pumper connection and grade. The ground must be
graded so that any surface drainage is away from the hydrant. Installation must
be in accordance with NFPA 24, except as modified by this UFC. Pumper
connection should be perpendicular to the street to allow straight lined
connection to the pumper. At airfields, the tops of the hydrants should not be
installed more than 610 mm (24 inches) above the level of the adjacent airfield
pavement but in no case must the tops of the hydrants be installed higher than
760 mm (30 inches) above the airfield pavement.
•
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3-7.3.2
Spacing Requirements. A sufficient number of hydrants must be
provided so that hose stream demand can be met without taking more than 4,740
L/min (1,250 gpm) from any single hydrant. Hydrants must also be spaced in
accordance with the following requirements:
All parts of the building exterior must be within 106 m (350 ft) of a
hydrant with consideration given to accessibility and obstructions.
Hydrants must be located with consideration given to emergency
vehicle access.
C
• At least one hydrant must be located within 45 m (150 ft) of the fire
department connection.
AN
• Hydrants protecting warehouses must be spaced a maximum of 91
m (300 ft) apart.
• Hydrants protecting aircraft hangars must be located at 91 m (300
ft) maximum intervals, and there must be at least one hydrant at
each corner of the hangar.
C
• Hydrants protecting POL storage and distribution facilities must be
spaced at 91 m (300 ft) maximum intervals. Provide a minimum of
two hydrants. Locate hydrants so that protected exposures can be
reached by hose lays not exceeding 91 m (300 ft) in length.
• Hydrants protecting aircraft parking and servicing aprons must be
spaced at 91 m (300 ft) maximum intervals along one side.
• Hydrants protecting exterior storage must be spaced at 91 m (300
ft) maximum intervals around the perimeter.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
• Hydrant spacing must not exceed 182 m (600 ft) for housing
developments without sprinkler protection. Hydrant spacing must
not exceed 305 m (1,000 ft) for housing developments with
sprinkler protection.
3-7.3.3
Hydrant Protection. Hydrants located adjacent to parking areas
or other vehicle traffic areas must be protected by bollards. The bollards must be
located so they are not directly in front of an outlet.
ED
3-7.4
Pressure-Regulating Valves (PRVs). PRVs are restricted in use
on fire protection water systems by NFPA 24. Where essential, PRVs must be
installed on individual services rather than on the main piping. Where PRVs are
provided in distribution mains supplying systems or portions of systems with fire
hydrants, automatic sprinkler systems, or other installed fire protection, the
following features must be provided to safeguard against failures and to facilitate
maintenance:
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• Control valves on each side of the PRVs.
• Bypasses around PRVs.
3-7.5
Backflow Prevention and Cross Connection Control. The
installation of backflow prevention and cross connection control must comply with
the American Water Works Association Manual M14, Recommended Practice for
Backflow Prevention and Cross Connection Control.
AN
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3-7.5.1
Fire Suppression Systems. When backflow preventers are
provided on a fire suppression system, NFPA 13 requires backflow preventers
that are approved or listed for fire protection use by acceptable testing agencies
such as Underwriters Laboratories or Factory Mutual. Because pressure loss
through a valve can degrade the effectiveness of a fire suppression system,
design and submittal acceptance must ensure the rated working flow rate of the
valve selected or installed meets the flow requirements of the system. Perform
backflow prevention retrofit work when systems are down for major renovation
unless the threat dictates otherwise.
For systems connected to a potable water supply:
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3-7.5.1.2
• Where required by other criteria, install a double check valve
backflow preventer on new fire suppression system using water
only as a fire suppressant
• Install a reduced pressure type backflow device where antifreeze or
other chemicals are added into the system.
3-7.5.2
Retrofit on Fire Suppression Systems. When backflow
preventers are installed in an existing sprinkler system, a thorough hydraulic
23
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
analysis, including hydraulic calculations and flow test, must be performed on the
sprinkler system to ensure that the water supply is still adequate for the system
with the backflow preventer. If the backflow preventer causes the demand to
exceed the water supply, the backflow preventer must not be installed until the
water supply is corrected to support the new demand.
C
AN
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ED
3-7.5.3
Test Connection. When backflow preventers are installed in fixed
fire protection systems, test connection must be provided downstream of all
backflow prevention valves for flow tests at system demand.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
CHAPTER 4
FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
4-1
GENERAL.
ED
4-1.1
Connections to Fire Reporting Systems. Where fire suppression
systems are installed in or at facilities on installations with station or base fire
reporting systems, the fire suppression systems must be connected to the fire
reporting system for transmission of fire alarms, trouble signals and supervisory
signals.
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4-1.2
Plans and Calculations. For new systems or modified systems,
working plans and calculations must be prepared and submitted for approval by a
registered professional fire protection engineer or an individual that has obtained
National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies, Automatic
Sprinkler Systems, Level III certification or Special Hazards Suppression
Systems, Level IV certification, in accordance with the applicable NFPA code.
Submit the fire extinguishing system construction (shop) drawings to the
appropriate components designated Fire Protection Engineer.
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4-1.3
Water Flow Testing. Conduct water flow tests to determine
available water supply for the water based fire extinguishing systems. The
designer (a fire protection engineer or an engineer experienced in water flow
testing) will perform or witness the required flow testing, and verify that the test
results are accurate. Accepting historical water supply information or similar data
without verification is not permitted. Conduct water flow tests prior to the concept
design submission. For design-build projects, the preparer of the RFP must
perform water flow testing.
4-2
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS.
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4-2.1
Characteristics. Properly engineered and installed automatic
sprinkler systems are designed to detect the presence of fire, activate both local
and remote (fire department) alarms, and distribute water in sufficient quantity to
either control or extinguish the fire. Sprinkler specifications must include
provisions regarding sprinkler contractor qualifications.
4-2.2
Application Requirements. Complete automatic sprinkler
protection must be provided in all new or renovated DOD facilities.
Note: Normally buildings without sprinklers are considered of no
importance to the Department of Defense and the loss of the building and
contents would not cause mission impairment. Such unsprinklered buildings and
contents would normally not be replaced if destroyed by fire.
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UFC 3-600-01
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Exception: Non-mission essential buildings of Type I or II
construction less than 1,394 m2 (15,000 ft2) gross floor area or Type III, Type IV
and Type V construction less than 465 m2 (5,000 ft2). Such buildings must not
include:
• Any facility whose operational impairment would reduce the
operational readiness and responsiveness of strategic or tactical
defensive and offensive capability.
ED
• Any facility containing direct war-fighting assets including combat
aircraft, naval vessels, and tactical vehicles.
• Technical, industrial, and commercial type buildings, including
hangars, shops, and laboratories used for production, repair,
experimental testing, inspection, electronics overhaul facilities, or
processes, services, or equipment involved with mission support.
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• Facilities containing significant amounts of critical equipment or
equipment which requires a long lead time to replace. Such
equipment or material includes training devices such as simulators
for flight, navigation, weapons, radar, or gunnery training.
• Facilities and contents of high monetary value (e.g., a combined
facility and content replacement value exceeding 5 million dollars.)
C
• Facilities specifically required by mission or occupancy in Chapter 6
to be sprinkler protected.
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4-2.2.1
For additions or partial renovations of existing buildings, the entire
gross floor area of the building must determine if sprinkler protection needs to be
included in the project. The addition or portion of the building being renovated
must include sprinkler protection and be designed to support sprinklers for the
remainder of the building when it is renovated.
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4-2.3
Design Requirements. Sprinkler systems must use equipment
and devices listed by a NRTL.
4-2.3.1
Sprinkler Density and Hose Stream Requirements. Building and
structures requiring sprinkler protection must be provided with sprinkler systems
that are designed using the Area/Density Method of NFPA 13, except that the
design density, design area, hose stream allowance and duration of supply
requirements must be in accordance with Table 4-1.
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ED
TABLE 4-1
Sprinkler System and Water Supply Design Requirements for Sprinklered
Facilities
SPRINKLER SYSTEM
HOSE
DURATION
DESIGN
DESIGN AREA
OCCUPANCY
STREAM
OF
a
DENSITY
m²
(ft²)
ALLOWANCE
SUPPLY
CLASSIFICATION
L/min/m²
L/Min (GPM)
Minutes
(GPM/ft²)
Light Hazard
4.1 (0.10)
280b (3000)b
950 (250)
60
Ordinary Hazard
6.1 (0.15)
280b (3000)b
1900 (500)
60
Group 1
Ordinary Hazard
1900 (500)
90
8.2 (0.20)
280b (3000)b
Group 2
Extra Hazard
12.2 (0.30)
280 (3000)
2840 (750)
120
Group 1
Extra Hazard
16.3 (0.40)
280 (3000)
2840 (750)
120
Group 2
a
Refer to Appendix B for occupancy hazard classification.
Where listed quick-response sprinklers are used throughout the system, the design area in
Table 4-1 may be permitted to be reduced without revising the density as permitted in NFPA 13
except for facilities that are required to comply with UFC 4-010-01, DoD Minimum Antiterrorism
Standards for Buildings.
b
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Note: The protection requirements identified in Table 4-1 are based on standard commercial
practices followed throughout civilian industry for highly protected risk (HPR) properties. Table
4-1 represents the minimum requirements necessary to establish minimum comprehensive life,
mission, and property loss prevention. Table 4-1 was adapted as a result from detailed studies
by Factory Mutual of loss experience from 1956 to 1965, loss experience in selected
occupancies from 1966 to 1977 and from 1981-1990, and fire test data.
4-2.3.2
Sprinkler Design Area Adjustments.
4-2.3.2.1
For dry pipe systems, the design area of sprinkler operation in
Table 4-1 must be increased by 30 percent per NFPA 13.
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4-2.3.2.2
The design areas in Table 4-1 must be increased by 30% for
sloped ceilings that exceed a pitch of one in six.
4-2.3.3
The use of quick response automatic sprinklers (QRAS) is limited to
wet systems.
4-2.3.4
Hydraulic Calculations. New sprinkler systems protecting areas
of 139 m² (1,500 ft²) and greater must be designed using hydraulic calculations.
Use of pipe schedule designs is strongly discouraged for any sprinkler system.
Required discharge densities and areas of discharge operation are given in
Table 4-1. Calculations must follow the format of NFPA 13. Pipe friction losses
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
and equivalent lengths of pipe for fittings and valves must be in accordance with
NFPA 13.
Note: Additions to existing pipe schedule systems may be
designed using the pipe schedule method.
ED
4-2.3.4.1
The designer (a fire protection engineer) will provide hydraulic
calculations demonstrating that the design will provide an adequate water supply
for the fire extinguishing systems. Hydraulic calculations will be submitted no
later than the 35 percent design submission. Calculations must be based on
recent water flow test data.
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4-2.3.5
Sprinkler Coverage. In buildings protected by automatic
sprinklers, sprinklers must provide coverage throughout 100 percent of the
building except as permitted by NFPA 13. This includes, but is not limited to,
telephone rooms, electrical equipment rooms, boiler rooms, switchgear rooms,
transformer rooms, and other electrical and mechanical spaces. Coverage per
sprinkler must be in accordance with NFPA 13, except that it must not exceed
225 square feet for light hazard occupancies or 130 square feet for ordinary
hazard.
Exception 1: Facilities that are designed in accordance with NFPA
13R and NFPA 13D, Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family
Dwellings and Manufactured Homes.
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Exception 2: Sprinklers may be omitted from small rooms in
specific occupancies in accordance with NFPA 101.
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4-2.3.6
Strainers. Strainers must be installed where water conditions
warrant, or systems with underground distribution piping flow velocities greater
than 2.4 m/s (8 ft/sec).
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4-2.3.7
Interconnection of Risers. For facilities four (4) stories and taller,
there must be a combination sprinkler/standpipe riser in at least two stairwells
that are interconnected on each floor. Each floor control valve assembly for the
sprinkler connection must include a check valve. See Figure 4-1. The sprinkler
system must be hydraulically calculated using the most hydraulically demanding
riser. The calculations must not assume the use of both risers simultaneously.
Exception: For Army projects, sprinkler systems are not required to
be interconnected.
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Figure 4-1 Floor Control Valve
AssemblyError! Bookmark not
Indicating-type floor
control valve with
supervisory switch
Pressure gauge
Check valve
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Section
drain
valve
WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS.
AN
4-3
Test valve
C
To drain
Feed main
Sight glass
Union with
corrosionresistant orifice
giving flow
equivalent to the
smallest
sprinkler orifice
in the system
Riser
Waterflow switch
ED
60 90120
30
150
0
4-3.1
Requirements. Design requirements for water spray systems
must conform to NFPA 15.
4-4
FOAM SYSTEMS.
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4-4.1
Requirements. Foam installations must be in accordance with
NFPA 11, Low-Expansion Foam, NFPA 11A, Medium- and High-Expansion
Foam Systems, and NFPA 16, Installation of Foam-Water Sprinkler and FoamWater Spray Systems. For additional information, the NFPA Fire Protection
Handbook and FM Global Data Sheets contain data and information concerning
installation and arrangement of foam systems for various types of flammable and
combustible liquids hazards.
4-4.2
AFFF. Foam Systems that utilize AFFF must only use AFFF
concentrate meeting Military Specification MIL-F-24385F, Fire Extinguishing
Agent, Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF) Liquid Concentrate, for Fresh and
Seawater.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
4-5
STANDPIPE SYSTEMS. When required, standpipe systems must
be installed in accordance with NFPA 14, Installation of Standpipe, Private
Hydrant, and Hose Systems.
Exception: Residual pressure requirements specified in NFPA 14
may be omitted for buildings under 45 m (150 ft) in height where fire department
apparatus are expected to boost pressure in standpipe systems.
4-5.1
Class I Standpipe Systems
ED
• Class I standpipe systems must be provided in the stair towers of
buildings four stories or more in height. These systems must not
include hoses.
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• Class I standpipe systems must also be provided in facilities where
it is not practical to reach major portions of the building with fire
fighting hose lines extended from the exterior of the building,
regardless of building height.
4-5.2
Class II and Class III Standpipes. Class II and Class III
standpipes are not permitted.
4-6
DRY CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS.
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4-6.1
Application. Fixed dry chemical extinguishing systems are
appropriate for the protection of certain types of special occupancies, hazards,
and facilities such as dip tanks, and other operations involving flammable liquids.
AN
4-6.2
Design Requirements. Dry chemical extinguishing systems must
conform to NFPA 17, Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems.
4-6.3
Limitations. Dry chemical agents should not be used to protect
sensitive electronics. Dry chemical extinguishing systems are no longer UL listed
or FM approved for the protection of cooking equipment.
CARBON DIOXIDE SYSTEMS.
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4-7
4-7.1
Application. Carbon dioxide systems are normally effective
against flammable liquid (Class B) and electrical (Class C) fires. New systems
are not authorized in occupiable areas.
4-7.2
Design Requirements. Carbon dioxide systems must conform to
NFPA 12, Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems.
4-8
HALON 1301 SYSTEMS.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
4-8.1
Application. Installation of new Halon 1301 systems is prohibited
except by special approval of the AHJ in the component office listed in paragraph
1-4.6.
4-9
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS. Portable fire extinguishers
must be provided where required by NFPA 101, Life Safety Code. Portable fire
extinguishers must be located and installed in accordance with NFPA 10,
Portable Fire Extinguishers.
ED
Exception: For Industrial and Storage occupancies, provide and
install extinguishers in accordance with NFPA 10.
4-9.1
Extinguisher Cabinets. Recessed or semi-recessed enclosed
cabinets must be provided in new or renovated facilities, except storage and
industrial occupancies.
WET CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS.
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4-10
4-10.1
Application. Fixed wet chemical systems are suitable for
protection of certain types of special occupancies, hazards, and facilities, such as
cooking surfaces, cooking exhaust systems, and dip tanks.
4-10.2
Design Requirements. Wet chemical systems must conform to
NFPA 17A, Wet Chemical Extinguishing Systems.
CLEAN AGENT FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS.
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4-11
AN
4-11.1
Application. Clean agent fire extinguishing systems are suitable
for protection of certain types of special occupancies, hazards, and facilities.
Clean agent fire extinguishing systems are not a substitute for required automatic
sprinkler systems.
4-11.2
Design Requirements. Clean agent fire extinguishing systems
must conform to NFPA 2001, Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems.
WATER MIST FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS.
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4-12
4-12.1
Application. Water mist fire protection systems are suitable for
protection of certain types of special occupancies, hazards, and facilities. Water
mist fire protection systems are not a substitute for required automatic sprinkler
systems.
4-12.2
Design Requirements. Water mist fire protection systems must
conform to NFPA 750, Standard on Water Mist Fire Protection Systems.
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UFC 3-600-01
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CHAPTER 5
FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS
5-2
ED
5-1
PLANS AND CALCULATIONS. System working plans and
calculations must be prepared and submitted for approval by a registered
professional fire protection engineer or an individual that has obtained National
Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies, Fire Alarm Systems, Level
III certification (minimum) in accordance with NFPA 72. Submit the fire alarm
reporting system, fire alarm evacuation system, and automatic fire detection
system construction (shop) drawings to the appropriate components designated
Fire Protection Engineer.
FIRE ALARM REPORTING SYSTEMS.
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5-2.1
Applications. Fire alarm reporting systems are the base-wide
reporting systems that connect the building fire alarm control panel(s) to the base
fire department. Required systems are to be digital, telephonic, radio, or
supervised conductor types. Consider compatibility of extensions of fire reporting
systems with existing equipment.
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5-2.1.1
The building fire alarm systems must be connected to the fire alarm
reporting system as a means for automatically and manually reporting fires to
station or base fire departments or to other central alarm locations as required to
implement firefighting operations and emergency action.
5-2.1.2
Do not provide fire reporting systems at isolated small areas,
ammunition and ordnance storage, and similar restricted areas.
AN
5-2.1.3 Reporting
systems are not required in family housing areas, i.e.,
street boxes are not required.
5-2.2
Exterior Fire Alarm Reporting Systems. New exterior fire alarm
reporting systems are not required at DOD installations.
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5-2.3
Requirements. Alarm reporting systems must conform to NFPA
72, National Fire Alarm Code, NFPA 70, National Electric Code and must provide
the following where applicable:
• Transmission of coded signals to fire department headquarters
and/or other central locations;
• Permanent record of alarm signal, time, and date;
• Automatic supervision of alarm initiating circuits;
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
• Automatic conditioning for transmission of signals under line fault
conditions or signal ground, single open, or both;
• Automatic testing of radio signaling devices;
• A dedicated transmitter that will transmit alarm and trouble signals
for each essential building; and
5-3
ED
• Transmitters must be listed or approved for use with the existing
base reporting system.
FIRE ALARM EVACUATION SYSTEMS.
5-3.1
Applications. Fire alarm evacuation systems must be provided in
the following locations:
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• Buildings required by NFPA 101.
• Buildings requiring automatic detection or suppression systems.
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5-3.2
Requirements. These systems consist primarily of initiating
devices (manual pull stations) and notification appliances (fire alarm indicating
devices). Automatic alarm initiating devices such as detectors and water flow
alarms must be connected to these systems when provided. Fire alarm systems
must be connected to a central alarm location, fire department, or alarm
monitoring location. Building fire alarm evacuation systems must be installed in
accordance with NFPA 72. Fire alarm systems must be independent, standalone systems that are not an integral part of a security, an energy monitoring
and control system (EMCS), or other systems. Fire alarm systems may be
connected to security systems or an EMCS for monitoring purposes only, but
must in no way rely on any components of those other systems for operation.
Wireless interior fire alarms are not permitted.
Exception: Existing fire alarm systems controlled by an EMCS.
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5-3.2.1
Requirements of the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standard
(UFAS) and Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA). Placement and
installation of audiovisual warning devices must be in accordance with the UFAS
and the ADA.
5-4
AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTION SYSTEMS.
5-4.1
Applications. Fire detection systems must be provided in areas
required by this UFC and should be limited to these applications. Detection
systems must be provided in areas requiring fire detection by NFPA standards
and specific criteria contained in this UFC.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Note 1: For Air Force projects, unless automatic suppression
systems are required by this UFC or by other guidance, complete automatic fire
detection systems constitute the minimum level of active fire protection for new
construction. Smoke detectors alone in return air plenums do not meet this
minimum level.
Note 2: For Air Force projects, when a system is divided into four
or more zones, a graphic annunciator or a textural annunciator must be installed
at a location determined by the host fire department.
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ED
5-4.2
Requirements. Fire detection systems must conform to the
applicable provisions of NFPA 72, the UFAS and the ADA. Detection systems
must be arranged to alert building occupants and to transmit a signal to a
constantly attended location. Fire detection systems must be independent,
stand-alone systems that are not an integral part of a security system, or other
building management, energy/utility management systems. Fire detection
systems may be connected to security systems or building management,
energy/utility management systems for monitoring purposes only, but must in no
way rely on any components of those other systems for operation.
Exception: Existing fire detection systems which are controlled by
building management, energy/utility management systems.
AN
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5-4.3
Detection Systems. Detection systems, especially smoke
detection systems, require significant maintenance. It is critical that the required
detectors are properly installed and maintained. Providing detectors in locations
that are not required increases the already high maintenance costs of alarm
systems and strains the maintenance program for critical detection systems. If a
facility warrants protection and criteria does not require detection, protection
should be accomplished by sprinkler protection, preferably wet pipe sprinklers
that provide superior protection with little maintenance.
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5-4.3.1
Smoke Detection and Destratification Fans (Ceiling Fans). The
area of protection for smoke detection devices permitted by NFPA 72 must be
reduced by 50 percent where destratification (ceiling) fans are used (i.e., this
may require additional smoke detectors for that area being protected).
Exception: This restriction does not apply to thermal or flame
detection devices or to residential occupancies.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
CHAPTER 6
SPECIAL OCCUPANCIES AND HAZARDS
6-1
PERSONNEL HOUSING AND SIMILAR LODGING FACILITIES.
These facilities include barracks, dormitories, lodges, temporary or transient
living facilities, and sleeping quarters for over 10 persons.
ED
6-1.1
Automatic Sprinkler Protection. Complete automatic sprinkler
protection must be provided for buildings that include personnel housing and
lodging. NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R, Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies
up to and Including Four Stories in Height, sprinkler systems are permitted when
listed for the specific use.
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Exception: For Army projects, barracks without individual cooking
facilities which are less than four stories in height and where sleeping rooms and
suites have a door that opens directly to the outside at street or ground level or to
exterior exit access arranged in accordance with NFPA 101, do not require
sprinkler protection.
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6-1.2
Smoke Detection. Provide hard-wired smoke detectors in
accordance with NFPA 101, Life Safety Code. A hard-wired smoke detector
must be provided for each sleeping room regardless of occupancy or the
presence of other detection or protection systems in the building. When
activated, the affected detector must generate an audible signal in the room.
Detectors with a battery as the primary power source are not permitted.
AN
Exception: Air Force designs must not have individual secondary
power supplies for each hard wired smoke detector.
Note: For existing Air Force unsprinklered facilities, a heat detector
is provided in each sleeping room that sounds a general building alarm and
transmits a signal to the fire department or to a constantly monitored central
location.
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6-1.3
Open Bay Personnel Housing. Provide a supervised smoke
detection system in accordance with NFPA 72. Locate smoke detectors in open
bay sleeping areas and exit access corridors. Install units that sound a general
building alarm and transmit a signal to the fire department or to a constantly
monitored central location. Corridor detectors are not required if the building is
protected with complete automatic sprinkler protection.
6-1.4
Apartment-Style Personnel Housing Quarters. Provide hardwired smoke detectors in accordance with NFPA 101.
6-1.5
Common Areas. Common areas that are provided with residential
type range top cooking surfaces (i.e., not in individual living units) must be
35
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
equipped with an approved residential range top extinguishing system. The
range top extinguishing system must be connected to the building fire alarm
system to sound a general building fire alarm.
ED
6-1.6
Storage Areas, Shops, and Laundry Areas. Protect storage
areas, shops, laundry areas, and other hazardous areas as required by NFPA
101. In many cases, this will require both automatic sprinklers and fire rated
construction. Where these areas are required to be sprinklered in buildings
without complete automatic sprinkler protection, connect to domestic plumbing
(with a maximum of 6 sprinklers) in accordance with NFPA 13. Provide
automatic heat detectors connected to the building fire alarm system where these
areas are not protected by automatic sprinklers.
6-2
FAMILY HOUSING. This section includes one-family, two-family,
and multi-family dwellings. All family housing must conform to NFPA 101.
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6-2.1
Definitions. For the purpose of this document, the following
definitions apply to new family housing.
6-2.1.1
Multi-Family Housing. Multi-family housing is defined as more
than two dwelling units under one roof. Each unit is separated from other units
by a minimum of 1-hour fire resistive construction. Paragraphs 6-2.1.1.1 through
6-2.1.1.4 and Figures 6-1 through 6-4 define multi-family housing.
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6-2.1.1.1
Garden Style Apartments. Garden style apartments are multistory structures having separate dwelling entrances at various elevations and
having minimum one-hour fire resistive partitions between adjacent units. In
addition, the floor/ceiling assemblies between units have a minimum fire
resistance rating of one-hour. See Figure 6-1.
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Figure 6-1
Garden Style Apartments
1 - hour fire resistive wall
and floor partitions (typical)
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-2.1.1.2
Townhouse Style Apartment Units (Alternative 1). Townhouse
style apartment units consist of three or more attached dwelling units having
separate dwelling entrances with the dwelling units separated by 1-hour fire
resistive partitions. See Figure 6-2.
ED
Figure 6-2
Townhouse Style Apartment Units (Alternative 1)
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1 - hour fire
resistive
partition
(typical)
6-2.1.1.3
Townhouse Style Apartment Units (Alternative 2). Townhouse
style apartment units consist of three or more attached dwelling units having
separate dwelling entrances with the dwelling units alternating 1-hour and 2-hour
fire resistive partitions between dwelling units in the building. See Figure 6-3.
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Figure 6-3
Townhouse Style Apartment Units (Alternative 2)
2 - hour fire
resistive
partition
1 - hour fire
resistive
partition
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1 - hour fire
resistive
partition
6-2.1.1.4
Attached Duplexes. Attached duplexes are multi-family housing
units, having separate dwelling entrances, with the dwelling units alternating 1hour fire resistive partition and 2-hour fire wall (such walls are designed and
constructed to maintain its structural integrity independent of the unit on the
opposite side of the wall) between dwelling units in the building. See Figure 6-4.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Figure 6-4
Attached Duplexes
2-hour fire
wall
(structurally
independent)
1 - hour fire
resistive
partition
ED
1 - hour fire
resistive
partition
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6-2.1.2
Townhouse (Attached Single-Family Dwellings). Townhouses
consist of three or more attached dwelling units having separate dwelling
entrances, with the dwelling units separated by 2-hour fire walls. The fire walls
are designed and constructed to maintain its structural integrity independent of
the unit on the opposite side of the wall. See Figure 6-5.
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Figure 6-5
Townhouse (Attached Single-Family Dwellings)
2-hour fire wall
(structurally
independent)
(typical)
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6-2.1.3
Duplex. A duplex is a stand-alone structure that contains only two
(2) dwelling units that are separated by 1-hour fire resistive construction. See
Figure 6-6.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Figure 6-6
Duplex
1 - hour fire
resistive
partition
ED
1 - hour fire resistive
floor
"Side-By-Side"
"Over/Under"
6-2.2
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6-2.1.4
Single-Family Detached House. A single-family detached house
is a stand-alone structure that contains one dwelling unit for a single family.
New Family Housing.
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6-2.2.1
Smoke Alarms. Install hard-wired smoke alarms for all single
family and multi-family housing projects. Smoke alarms must be located in the
hallway between the bedroom areas and the rest of the dwelling unit, and on
each additional story of the family living unit, including the basement. For
housing projects that are not provided with sprinkler protection, provide smoke
alarms in each bedroom. The smoke alarms must comply with the requirements
of NFPA 72 and NFPA 101.
Exception: Air Force designs must not have a secondary power
supply (neither internal battery nor connection to the alarm system battery backup power) for the hard wired smoke detectors.
6-2.2.2
Sprinkler Protection.
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6-2.2.2.1
New Multi-Family Housing. In accordance with the Fire Safety
Act and NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, provide sprinkler protection in accordance
with NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R in all garden style apartments, townhouse style
apartment units (Alternatives 1 and 2), and attached duplex multi-family dwellings
(refer to paragraphs 6-2.1.1.1 through 6-2.1.1.4). For multi-family dwellings
greater than 4 stories in height, provide sprinkler protection in accordance with
NFPA 13.
Exception: For Attached duplex multi-family dwellings, sprinkler
protection can be provide in accordance with NFPA 13D.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-2.2.2.2
New Townhouse, Duplex and Single Family Housing. Sprinkler
protection is not required for townhouse (attached single-family dwellings),
duplex, and single family detached family housing. See paragraphs 6-2.1.2
through 6-2.1.4.
ED
6-2.3
Existing Multi-Family Housing. Existing housing must be
considered multi-family housing unless it meets one of the definitions in
paragraphs 6-2.1.2, 6-2.1.3, or 6-2.1.4. In accordance with Office of Under
Secretary of Defense memorandum dated 14 January 2002, all windows in
existing housing must comply with NFPA 101 as a secondary means of escape
by 2007, unless a waiver is obtained from the component’s AHJ.
6-2.3.1
Whole House Improvement Projects. These requirements must
be effective beginning with Fiscal Year 2005 projects.
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6-2.3.1.1
Projects That Exceed 50% of the Replacement Cost. Ensure
that a minimum of 1-hour fire resistive construction is provided between dwelling
units, and between the dwelling unit and attached parking. Provide sprinkler
protection in accordance with requirements specified in paragraph 6-2.2.2.
Provide smoke alarms in accordance with paragraph 6-2.2.1.
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6-2.3.1.2
Projects That are Less Than 50% of the Replacement Cost.
Provide hard-wired smoke alarms in the hallway between the bedroom areas and
the rest of the dwelling unit, and on each additional story of the family living unit,
including the basement. The smoke alarms should be interconnected so that
when one goes into alarm, they all will go into alarm. The smoke alarms must
comply with the requirements of NFPA 72 and NFPA 101.
AN
6-2.3.2
Minor Improvement and Repair Projects. For minor
improvement and repair projects, depending on the scope of the project, sprinkler
protection should be considered for installation. At a minimum, smoke alarms
must obtain power that uses the commercial light and power source, and must be
located on every level of the dwelling unit.
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Note: For projects that are cutting into a third of the walls, sprinkler
protection can be provided with minimal cost impact to the project.
6-2.3.3
Kitchen Improvements. For all improvement or repair projects
involving kitchen work, it is recommended to provide sprinkler protection in the
kitchen if sprinkler protection is not included in the project. The installation of
sprinklers must comply with the requirements of NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R.
6-2.4
Kitchen Range Hood Extinguishing Systems. Kitchen range
hood extinguishing systems are not required and are not recommended in new,
revitalized or existing housing. However, if they are installed, the installation
must be in compliance with NFPA 96 and must shut down the heat source of the
cooking equipment (gas or electric) upon discharge.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Note: One brand of retrofit range hood extinguisher currently on
the market consists of small self-contained devices, the size of a tuna can, that
mount magnetically to the underside of the range hood. The Air Force has
conducted extensive testing of these devices and found numerous problems with
them. The most severe problem with this type of device is the lack of a
connection to the heat supply (gas or electric). This allows the heat source to
continue, and re-ignition of fuel to occur. Accordingly, the installation of this type
of device is prohibited for safety reasons.
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ED
6-2.5
Continuity. The common fire wall or fire resistive partition for
townhouses, duplexes, attached duplexes, or townhouse style apartments must
be continuous from the foundation to the underside of the roof deck and must
extend the full length of the common wall. The roof sheathing, for not less than a
1220 mm (4-ft) width on each side of the wall, must be of noncombustible
material, fire retardant treated wood, or one layer of 16 mm (5/8-inch) Type X
gypsum wallboard attached to the underside of the roof decking. Parapets are
prohibited.
6-2.6
Off-Base Housing Requirements. Family housing located outside
military installations or bases must comply with provisions of paragraphs 6-2.2
through 6-2.5 above, and must comply with applicable local fire and building
codes when the local fire department has "first due" responsibility.
DINING AND FOOD PREPARATION FACILITIES.
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6-3
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6-2.7
Overseas Housing Requirements. Overseas family housing,
constructed or leased- constructed, must comply with provisions of paragraphs 62.2 through 6-2.5 and the host nation fire protection requirements or NFPA 101
whichever is more stringent. These requirements must be effective beginning
with Fiscal Year 2005 projects.
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6-3.1
Industrial Cooking Facilities. Hood and duct systems for
commercial cooking equipment that produces smoke or grease-laden vapors
must comply with NFPA 96, Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of
Commercial Cooking Operations. Limit kitchen-extinguishing systems to wet
chemical or automatic sprinklers installed in accordance with NFPA 96. Install
fire suppression systems that sound a general building fire alarm and transmit a
signal to the fire department or to a constantly monitored location.
6-3.2
Cooking Equipment in Facilities. Areas, other than dwelling
units, that are provided with residential type range top cooking surfaces must be
equipped with an approved residential range top extinguishing system. The
range top extinguishing system must be connected to the building fire alarm
system to sound a general building fire alarm and must disconnect power to the
cooking equipment.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-4
MEDICAL FACILITIES. This section includes hospitals, composite
medical facilities, ambulatory health care centers, occupational health clinics,
outpatient clinics, dental clinics, flight medicine clinics, and similar facilities.
These facilities must conform to MIL-HDBK-1191, Medical and Dental Treatment
Facilities Design and Construction Criteria.
6-5
DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.
6-5.1
Requirements. Comply with NFPA 101 and the following:
ED
• Individual fire areas must not exceed 4647 m2 (50,000 ft2).
• Construction type must not be less that Type I - A, as defined in the
IBC.
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• Provide a minimum separation from other structures and public
ways of 6.1 m (20 ft).
• Provide complete automatic sprinkler protection. Design must
utilize institutional (breakaway) type sprinklers. Sprinkler piping in
inmate areas must be concealed.
• Provide smoke detection in all areas as required by NFPA 101 and
American Correctional Association’s (ACA) Planning and Design
Guide for Secure Adult and Juvenile Facilities.
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• Provide an automatic smoke removal system in cell areas. In
addition, provide manual system activation controls at a
continuously manned position outside of the cell area.
• Provide for constant visual supervision of cell areas. If this
supervision is by direct line of sight, it must be separated by not
less than one-hour fire rated construction.
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Note: Navy facilities must also comply with the ACA’s Planning and
Design Guide for Secure Adult and Juvenile Facilities.
6-5.2
Locking Devices. Provide mechanical or closed circuit electrical
gang release devices whenever 10 or more locks must be operated to release
prisoners confined in cells. Require gang release devices to open doors
necessary to evacuate prisoners to an area of refuge. Require heavy, identically
keyed, prison-type locks for exit and corridor doors not requiring gang release
devices that must be opened for evacuation in the event of fire.
Exception: Dormitory-style confinement facilities.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-5.3
Interior Finish. Interior finish including padded cells must be Class
A flame spread (i.e., 25 or less) and must have a SD rating not exceeding 50
when tested in accordance with ASTM E 84.
6-6
LIBRARIES. Eliminate combustible shelving, stacks, cases,
cabinets, fixtures, furniture, and furnishings to the maximum practical extent.
Use noncombustible wall and ceiling finish materials.
6-6.1
Facilities with Sprinkler Protection. In buildings equipped with
automatic sprinklers, protect libraries with automatic sprinklers.
ED
6-6.2
Facilities without Sprinkler Protection. In buildings not equipped
with sprinkler protection, provide the following protection features for those
libraries containing materials that are rare, irreplaceable, or important to the
activity mission:
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• For buildings of fire resistive or noncombustible construction, install
smoke detection systems throughout the library area and provide a
fire cutoff having a fire resistance rating of at least 1 hour to
separate the library from other occupancies.
• Provide complete automatic sprinkler protection for libraries in
buildings of combustible construction. Separate the library from the
remainder of the building by firewalls having a fire resistance rating
of at least 2 hours.
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6-7
CHILD DEVELOPMENT FACILITIES (CDC). CDCs must conform
to the requirements of NFPA 101 for day care centers and UFC 4-740-14, Child
Development Centers.
Exception: Army & DLA child development centers must comply
with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Technical Instruction, TI 800-01, Design
Criteria, Appendix G.
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6-7.1
Other Child Development Facilities. Other child development
facilities include part-day, preschool, kindergarten, before and after school
programs, school-age facilities, etc. Comply with the provisions of educational
occupancies in NFPA 101.
Exception: For Army and DLA school-age facilities, meet the
requirements of NFPA 101 for day care centers plus the following additional
requirements that are necessary to compensate for staffing levels less than those
provided by NFPA 101:
• Locate the facility only on the level of exit discharge.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
• Provide at least one exit that discharges directly to the outside for
each activity room or locate in a building that has sprinkler
protection throughout.
ED
6-8
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT INSTALLATIONS. These areas
include major automatic data processing (ADP) areas, communication centers,
command and control systems, and other mission critical systems. Incidental
electronic equipment such as word processing stations, printers, and systems;
desk top computers; office automation systems; individual data output stations
(e.g., printers, etc.); individual computer work stations; telephones; video
conference centers; administrative telephone rooms; reproduction equipment;
and similar equipment do not require protection under this section.
6-8.1
Requirements. Construct and protect electronic equipment
installations in accordance with NFPA 75, Protection of Electronic
Computer/Data Processing Equipment except as modified by this UFC.
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6-8.1.1
Automatic Sprinkler Protection. Electronic equipment
installations must be located in buildings protected by wet-pipe automatic
sprinklers. Provide complete coverage throughout the building including
electronic equipment areas. Protect electrical equipment installations by
disconnecting the power upon activation of the fire protection system.
ORDNANCE.
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6-9
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6-8.1.2
Power and Communication Cabling. Power and communication
(data) cabling installed in spaces used as plenums, i.e. above ceilings or below
raised floors, must be plenum rated or installed in conduit in accordance with
NFPA 70. Nonmetallic conduit is not permitted.
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6-9.1
Ordnance Production Facilities. Ordnance facilities used for
manufacturing, maintaining, demilitarizing, handling, processing, testing,
servicing, and inspection of ammunition, explosives, propellants and oxidizers or
related devices containing these materials must have complete automatic
sprinkler protection and comply with DOD Instruction (DODI) 6055.9-STD, DOD
Ammunition and Explosive Safety Standards. Requirements for IBC Group H
occupancies must be followed in the absence of specific guidance in DODI
6055.9-STD and the individual service regulations based directly on DODI
6055.9-STD. The service regulations include:
• For Navy projects, NAVSEA OP-5, Ammunition and Explosives
Ashore Safety Regulations for Handling, Storing, Production,
Renovation, and Shipping.
• For Army projects, Army AR 385-64, U.S Army Explosives Safety
Program; Army Pamphlet 385-64, U.S. Army Ammunition and
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Explosives Safety Standards; and the Army Material Command
Regulation 385-100, Safety Manual.
• For Air Force projects, Air Force AFMAN 91-201, Explosives Safety
Standard.
ED
6-9.1.1
Sprinkler Protection. Automatic sprinkler systems in ordnance
facilities must be provided with flexible couplings and sway bracing similar to that
provided for buildings in earthquake zones. Complete automatic sprinkler
protection is required for ordnance facilities used for manufacturing, maintaining,
demilitarizing, handling, processing, testing, servicing, and inspection of
ammunition, explosives, pyrotechnics, propellants, and oxidizers or related
devices containing these materials, unless such a system will aggravate the
hazard. The following guidelines for automatic sprinkler protection must apply:
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6-9.1.1.1 Where
exposed thermally energetic materials are handled that
have a high probability of ignition, a large thermal output and a high probability of
causing personnel injury, operations must be protected using ultra high-speed
deluge systems. Ultra high-speed deluge systems have a response time of 100
milliseconds (ms) or less. Response time is measured from the time that an
energy source is presented to the detector to the time of initial water flow from
the critical nozzle, which is normally the nozzle closest to the hazard. Ultra highspeed detectors usually consist of preprimed water delivery system, optical flame
detectors, and electronic controller. Paragraph 6-9.2 provides guidance on ultra
high-speed deluge systems. NFPA 15, Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire
Protection, and the NFPA Handbook provide additional information on ultra highspeed deluge systems.
AN
6-9.1.1.2 Provide
high-speed (operation of 500 milliseconds or less),
preprimed deluge systems wherever exposed explosives, pyrotechnics, or
propellants are processed or stored in ordnance production facilities. Complete
protection of such locations is essential.
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6-9.1.1.3 Provide
ordinary deluge systems, wet-pipe systems, or preaction
systems in other areas or auxiliary sections of buildings in which processing of
explosives, pyrotechnics, or propellants takes place.
6-9.1.1.4 Provide
ordinary deluge systems, wet-pipe systems, or pre-action
systems in other areas or auxiliary sections of buildings in which storage of
explosives or propellants takes place.
6-9.1.1.6
Provide wet-pipe sprinkler systems in other areas or auxiliary
sections of buildings if separated by fire partitions.
6-9.1.1.7 Provide
wet-pipe or pre-action sprinkler systems where missile
assembly inspection or storage is carried on and where the propellant is confined
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UFC 3-600-01
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within the missile, or warheads are present. Similar protection must be provided
for torpedo and air underwater weapons shops.
6-9.1.1.8 Heat
detection equipment of any type is acceptable if equipment
meets the operating time limitations and is suitable in other respects, such as
complying with explosion-proof requirements. When pneumatic-type detection
equipment is used, not more than three detectors, and preferably only one, must
be on a single circuit. The detectors must be in the same heat influence area.
ED
6-9.1.1.9
All fire protection systems protecting ordnance operations must
have complete supervision so that any deficiency that develops that would affect
the speed or reliability of operation will give a distinct alarm separate from the
water flow alarm.
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6-9.1.2
Water Demands for Ultra High-Speed Deluge Systems. Water
supplies for ultra high-speed deluge systems must be adequate to supply the
total demand of the largest fire area at the specific residual pressure required by
the system for a period of at least 15 minutes unless a hazard analysis indicates
a longer flow time is needed. Provide a flow rate of at least 20.4 L/m/m² (0.50
gpm/ft2) over the entire area protected by the ultra high-speed deluge system
unless a hazard analysis indicates a higher flow rate is needed.
6-9.2
Ultra High-Speed Deluge Systems. Comply with the
requirements of NFPA 15, except as noted in this standard.
Response Time
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6-9.2.1
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• Response time must be the time for system operation from the
presentation of an energy source to the detector to flow of water
from the water spray nozzle being tested.
• Ultra high-speed deluge systems must be designed to have a
response time of not more than 100 milliseconds, unless a risk
assessment or other data indicates a need for a faster response
time.
Timers.
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6-9.2.2
• Timers or similar devices to stop water flow after a predetermined
time must be permitted.
• Timers or similar devices that shut off the water flow after a
predetermined time (typically 1 to 2 minutes) when the optical fire
detectors no longer detect a fire are permitted. In case of a failure,
it must fail in the on (water flowing) position.
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6-9.2.3
Design. Due to the speed of water coming from all the nozzles,
ultra high-speed deluge systems depend on the detection system, piping
network, nozzles and water supply characteristics. Only experienced designers,
engineers, and installers who understand the system’s limitations and capabilities
should provide the design, specification, and installation of the deluge system.
ED
6-9.2.4
Risk Assessment. All munitions production, maintenance,
renovation, quality assurance and demilitarization operations will receive a risk
assessment to identify potential fire and thermal threats and to assess the level
of risk. The hazard must be accurately defined. A potential fire and or thermal
hazard whose level of risk is high or extremely high is unacceptable. The risk
assessment will consider factors such as:
• Initiation sensitivity
• Heat output
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• Quantity of material
• Burning rate
• Potential ignition and initiation sources
• Protection capabilities
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• Personnel exposure
• Munitions configuration
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• Process equipment
• Process layout
• The building layout.
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6-9.2.5
Currently, two types of small self-contained deluge systems are in
use in military ordnance facilities. They may be used with the ultra high-speed
deluge systems discussed in this section, or alone if an adequate water supply is
not available for the facility. These small self-contained deluge systems are
primarily intended for personnel protection, although they provide some
building/equipment protection. When used, these systems should be connected
to the existing water supply if the water supply can be of some benefit.
6-9.2.5.1
The portable deluge system is a transportable self-contained ultra
high-speed deluge system. The system uses multiple optical fire detectors,
multiple nozzles, and a pressurized water tank (typically 380 L (100 gallons) of
water). Response time does not exceed 100 ms (detection to water at the
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UFC 3-600-01
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nozzle). The portable system is intended to protect short-term operations. When
possible, connect the portable deluge system to the building water supply for
backup water.
ED
6-9.2.5.2
The pressurized sphere ultra high-speed deluge system is a small
self-contained system. The system uses one or more optical fire detectors, at
least one pressurized (typically 3,447 kPa (500 psi)) water sphere (typically 10 to
30 liters (2.6 to 7.9 gallons)) with a rupture disc and internal squib, and an
electronic controller. Response time is less than 10 ms (detection to water at the
nozzle). The sphere discharges water when the squib fires, opening the rupture
disc. A screen breaks the water into small-atomized particles and collects the
residual squib fragments.
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6-9.3
Magazines and Bunkers. Magazines, storage facilities, and
bunkers must be constructed and located in accordance with DODI 6055.9-STD.
Storage facilities, magazines, and bunkers not located under the same roof as
facilities used for handling, processing, testing, servicing, and inspection of
ammunition, explosives, propellants, and oxidizers must be constructed and
located in accordance with DODI 6055.9-STD. Automatic sprinklers and hydrant
protection are not required for magazines, bunkers, and storage facilities similarly
constructed and located.
6-9.4
Stored Missile Assemblies.
6-9.4.1
Provide sprinkler protection for all stored missile assemblies.
AN
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6-9.4.2
Water demand for stored missile assemblies and all other ordnance
facilities requiring sprinkler protection must meet or exceed the design
requirements in Table 4-1 for ordinary hazard group 2. For Air Force projects,
refer to AFMAN 91-201, Explosives Safety Standards.
6-9.5
Other Ordnance Facilities.
6-9.5.1
All other ordnance facilities including munitions, weapons, and
missile maintenance facilities require sprinkler protection.
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6-9.5.2
Water demand for other ordnance facilities must meet or exceed
the design requirements in Table 4-1 for ordinary hazard group 2. For Air Force
projects, refer to AFMAN 91-201, Explosives Safety Standards.
6-10
WAREHOUSES AND STORAGE FACILITIES. These criteria
apply to facilities (except ordnance) used for storage, shipping, receiving,
packing, and processing of materials.
6-10.1
Sprinkler Protection. Complete automatic sprinkler protection
must be provided for warehouses and storage facilities 465 m2 (5,000 ft2) or
greater. Sprinklers must be provided for smaller facilities containing materials,
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UFC 3-600-01
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equipment and supplies that are mission essential, pose a severe fire hazard, are
of high monetary value, pose a safety or environmental health risk, or expose an
important structure. Sprinkler protection must include covered loading docks.
• Sprinkler protection must be based on Class IV commodities, as
defined by NFPA 13, unless a more severe class of storage is
anticipated, and must be based on the maximum potential height of
storage.
ED
• In-rack sprinklers must be supplied from risers which are separate
from the ceiling sprinklers, except in existing facilities.
• Racks with solid shelves over 3.7 m (12 ft) in height must be
protected with in-rack sprinklers at every tier or shelf level.
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• Sprinkler riser control valves must be readily accessible to the fire
department from the exterior.
Exception: For DLA projects, sprinkler riser control valves must be
in separate exterior riser room (s) and readily accessible to the fire department.
6-10.1.1
Duration. The minimum duration for warehouse facilities must be
120 minutes.
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6-10.1.2
Hose Stream Allowance. Provide a hose stream allowance of
1900 Lpm (500 gpm).
AN
6-10.2
Bin Storage. Bin storage consists of five-sided, open from top or
side storage containers, stacked in rack structures. They are commonly used in
automatic storage and retrieval systems. Bin storage requires unique
considerations for fire protection. Bin storage configurations do not limit oxygen
supply. Horizontal flame spread can be rapid. The narrower the aisles and the
higher the storage, the less ceiling sprinkler water penetration is delivered to
control the fire.
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6-10.2.1
Requirements. Protection of bin storage stacked in rack
configuration must be in accordance with NFPA 13. Combustible bins in racks
present a greater fire hazard and require a 10 percent increase in ceiling density
or one additional level of in-rack sprinklers. Bin storage not stacked in a rack
configuration must be protected in accordance with NFPA 13. Mini-storage and
retrieval systems and carousel storage must be protected in accordance with FM
Global Data Sheet 8-33, Carousel Storage and Retrieval Systems.
6-10.3
Column Protection. Steel columns located within rack storage
areas (actually surrounded by racks) over 929 m2 (10,000 ft2) must be protected
by 2-hour fire rated construction or applied fireproofing or by sidewall sprinklers
at 4.6 m (15-ft) elevation intervals pointing directly at the column.
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UFC 3-600-01
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6-10.4
Fire Area Limitation and Separation. Warehouse fire areas must
not exceed 5,574 m2 (60,000 ft2). Warehouse fire areas may be increased to
11,148 m2 (120,000 ft2) with the following provisions:
• Ceiling sprinkler design area must be increased by 10 percent.
ESFR sprinklers must increase the required number to be
calculated by 10 percent.
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• Looped mains with adequate sectional valves must be provided
around the facility.
• A secondary fire pump must be provided when a fire pump is
provided.
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6-10.5
Fire Walls. Fire walls separating warehouse and storage fire areas
must be of 4-hour fire rated construction. Other occupancies such as offices and
shops must be separated from the warehouse and storage area by a minimum of
one-hour fire rated construction.
6-10.5.1
Openings in 4-Hour Rated Fire Walls. Openings in 4-hour rated
fire walls must be protected by 3-hour Class A fire doors in accordance with
NFPA 80, on both sides of the wall. Personnel doors may be protected by a
single Class A fire door. Fire doors must be labeled by an NRTL, refer to
paragraph 2-4.
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6-10.5.2
Conveyor and Mechanical Handling System Penetrations.
When mechanical handling systems such as conveyors are required to penetrate
fire walls, and fire doors are not feasible, the opening must be protected on both
sides of the wall by a deluge water spray tunnel system in accordance with FM
Global Data Sheet 1-23, Protection of Openings in Fire Subdivisions. The deluge
water spray tunnel system must consist of a separate water spray system for
both sides of the opening, and a metal or masonry enclosure around the opening
extending a minimum of 1.5 m (5 ft) from both sides of the wall. The spray
system must consist of open spray nozzles that provide a minimum of 1.356 L/s
per m2 (2.0 gpm/ft2) of opening and must be activated by heat detectors. Any
detector must activate both systems simultaneously. The systems must be
supplied from a separate riser independent of the overhead sprinkler system.
Each system must be equipped with a control valve. The water supply must be
capable of supplying the deluge systems in addition to other required fire
protection demands. Operation of any deluge system or sprinkler system
protecting the area of the handling system must automatically shut down the
handling system.
6-10.6
Rubber Tire Storage. Rubber tire storage must comply with NFPA
230, Standard for the Fire Protection of Storage, and NFPA 13.
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UFC 3-600-01
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6-10.6.1
Hose Stream Allowance. Provide a hose stream allowance of
1900 Lpm (500 gpm).
6-11
STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
AND HAZARDOUS WASTE.
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6-11.1
Flammable/Hazardous (Flam/Haz) Storage. Flam/Haz storage
includes storage of flammable and combustible liquids as well as storage of
materials that are classified as hazardous materials. Provide protection for
facilities storing flammable and combustible liquids and other petroleum oil
lubricant (POL) products in accordance with NFPA 30, Flammable and
Combustible Liquids Code. Class IIIB combustible liquids must be protected in
the same manner as Class IIIA combustible liquids in accordance with NFPA 30.
A single building is often used for storage of both flammable and combustible
liquids and hazardous materials. Requirements for the storage of hazardous
waste are separate and distinct from the storage of hazardous materials.
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Note: For Navy facilities used to store hazardous materials, also
refer to MIL-HDBK-1032/2, Covered Storage. For Navy and Air Force facilities
used to store hazardous waste, also refer to MIL-HDBK-1005/13, Hazardous
Waste Storage Facilities.
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6-11.1.1
Warehouse Areas for Storage of Flammable Liquids, Solids,
and Hazardous Materials. Warehouse areas for storage of flammable liquids,
solids, and hazardous materials and chemicals must not exceed 1,858 m2
(20,000 ft2) between fire walls and travel distance must not be more than 23 m
(75 ft) (30.5 m (100 ft) if sprinklered) to the nearest fire exit. Fire walls must have
a minimum 4-hour rating. Ceiling height must not exceed 9.1 m (30 ft).
AN
6-11.2
Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage Areas. Provide
automatic sprinkler protection. Ceiling and in-rack sprinklers must be designed in
accordance with and NFPA 30 and installed in accordance with NFPA 13.
Aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) systems may be used where permitted by
NFPA 30. The following minimum criteria must apply:
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• Provide a minimum longitudinal flue space of 305 mm (12 in)
between double row racks and 230 mm (9 in) between single row
racks and the wall.
• Provide ceiling level sprinklers and in-rack sprinklers. The in-rack
sprinklers must protect the longitudinal flue space and must be
located at every level of rack storage.
Exception: Where multiple levels of rack storage are used below
the 1.83 m (96 ft) level for hand picking operations, provide one extra row of inrack sprinklers in the longitudinal flue space at the 0.914 m (3 ft) level. The first
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UFC 3-600-01
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level of storage must not be a minimum of 305 mm (1 ft) above the finished floor
level to facilitate easier cleanup of spills.
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ED
6-11.3
Hazardous Materials Storage Areas. Provide a minimum of 2hour fire rated construction between hazardous materials storage areas and
those used for storage of flammable and combustible liquids. These areas must
be labeled as "Hazardous Materials Only," and must also be labeled as to the
type of sprinkler protection present in each room. Provide automatic sprinklers at
the ceiling level as well as one mandatory level of in-rack sprinklers (i.e., in the
flue space between the rack and the wall) located at or slightly above the
midpoint with respect to overall storage height. In hazardous material storage
areas not containing flammable or combustible liquids, design ceiling sprinkler
densities based on the storage of Class IV commodities in NFPA 13. In water
reactive areas, provide automatic sprinklers with an indicating valve to be locked
in the closed position. Provide a metal sign indicating the indicating valve is to
remain locked in the closed position unless a fire is detected in the storage area.
The sign can be attached to a chain and connected to the indicating valve or
fastened permanently to the wall provided it does not interfere with the operation
of the valve. Locate the indicating valve outside the water reactive storage area.
6-11.4
Hazardous Waste Storage Facilities. For hazardous waste
storage facility requirements, refer to the following:
• NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
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• NFPA 430, Storage of Liquid and Solid Oxidizers
• NFPA 434, Storage of Pesticides
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• NFPA 490, Storage of Ammonium Nitrate
6-11.4.1
Fire Protection for Hazardous Waste Storage Facilities. The
following minimum criteria must be provided:
Exterior Fire Walls
• Exterior walls must consist of 4-hour fire resistive construction
when the facility is attached to a structure or it is located within 3 m
(10 ft) of another building or property line.
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6-11.4.1.1
• Exterior walls must consist of 2-hour fire resistive construction
when the facility is located more than 3 m (10 ft) but less than 15.3
m (50 ft) from an important building or property line.
• Exterior walls must be of noncombustible construction when the
facility is more than 15.3 m (50 ft) from another building or property
line.
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6-11.4.1.2
Interior Fire Walls.
• Interior fire walls must have a 4-hour fire rating if the facility is
located within a structure that houses other occupancies.
• Interior fire walls must have a 2-hour fire rating when the area of
the room is greater than 28 m2 (300 ft2).
• Interior fire walls must have a one-hour rating when the area of the
room is 28 m2 (300 ft2) or less.
ED
6-11.4.1.3 Sprinkler Protection. Install sprinkler systems suitable for a
corrosive environment, in accordance with NFPA 13.
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6-11.5
Spill Containment. Provide spill containment for flammable and
combustible liquids, hazardous materials, and hazardous waste in accordance
with NFPA 30.
6-11.6
Prefabricated Structures. Prefabricated structures (which may be
portable) are an acceptable means of storing flammable and hazardous materials
and hazardous waste provided they meet the requirements of NFPA 30, section
entitled "Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers" (paragraph 4.6 of the 2000
edition to provide a reference).
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6-11.7
Outdoor Storage Limitations and Separation. Flammable and
combustible liquid outdoor storage includes any storage that is covered by a roof
to provide weather protection for containers. The same area may have one or
two (but no more than two) walls. Flammable and combustible liquid outdoor
storage area must not be more than 122 m long or wide (400 ft) and each area
must be separated by 30.5 m (100 ft). No container or portable tank in a pile
must be more than 61 m (200 ft) from a 12.2 m (40-ft) wide minimum fire lane to
permit approach of fire control apparatus under all weather and ground surface
conditions. Fire hydrants must be located in accordance with the NFPA, but
must not be more than 61 m (200 ft) apart.
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6-11.8
Electric Wiring and Equipment. Where flammable liquids are
dispensed or transferred between containers, electric wiring and equipment must
be suitable for hazardous (classified) locations in accordance with NFPA 70.
Where flammable liquids are not dispensed or transferred between containers,
ordinary (not classified) locations for electrical equipment must be provided.
6-11.9
Ventilation. To maintain a continuous low level flammable vapor
concentration, design and install mechanical ventilation system with 0.03 cu
m/min/m² (1 cfm/min/ft²) airflow of floor area. The ventilation fan motors should
be classified for ordinary locations.
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UFC 3-600-01
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Note: The low-level ventilation system will prevent accumulation of
significant quantities of vapor-air mixture, in the event of a spill.
6-12
WATERFRONT FACILITIES. Naval waterfront and harbor facilities
must comply with all of the following:
• NFPA 307, Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals,
Piers, and Wharves
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• NFPA 312, Fire Protection of Vessels During Construction, Repair,
and Lay-Up
• NFPA 303, Fire Protection Standard for Marinas and Boatyards
• MIL-HDBK-1025/1, Piers and Wharves.
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• MIL-HDBK-1025/2, Dockside Utilities for Ship Service. (will be UFC
4-150-02, Dockside Utilities for Ship Service)
• UFC 4-151-10, Waterfront Construction
• MIL-HDBK-1029/1, Graving Drydocks.
• MIL-HDBK-1029/3, Drydocking Facilities Characteristics.
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6-13
PETROLEUM FUEL FACILITIES. Petroleum fuel facilities must
comply with MIL-HDBK-1022A, Petroleum Fuel Facilities.
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6-13.1
Aboveground Vertical Tanks. Construction, separation and
diking requirements for above ground vertical tanks storing flammable or
combustible liquids are contained in MIL-HDBK-1022A.
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6-13.2
Aboveground Vertical Tanks for Flammable Liquids.
Aboveground vertical tanks storing Class I flammable liquids must be equipped
with internal full contact, aluminum honeycomb floating pans. Only aluminum
pans providing closed cells and full fuel contact will be permitted in new
construction. Foam fire extinguishing systems are not required where internal
honeycomb floating pans are installed.
6-13.3
Aboveground Vertical Tanks for Combustible Liquids.
Aboveground vertical tanks storing mission critical Class II combustible liquids
(i.e., JP-5, JP-8, and diesel fuel used for shipboard fueling) must be equipped
with internal honeycomb floating pans constructed of aluminum. Only aluminum
pans providing closed cells and full fuel contact will be permitted in new
construction. Foam fire extinguishing systems are not required where internal
honeycomb floating pans are installed. Tanks containing other Class II or Class
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UFC 3-600-01
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III combustible liquids do not require internal honeycomb pans or foam
extinguishing systems.
6-13.4
Fuel Transfer Facilities. Fuel transfer facilities include truck, rail,
car and marine transport vessels. Fire protection for these facilities must be in
accordance with MIL-HDBK-1022A.
6-13.5
Aircraft Direct Fueling. Fire protection for these facilities must be
in accordance with MIL-HDBK-1022A.
ED
6-14
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS. Any combustible liquids under pressure
must be treated as a flammable liquid.
6-14.1
Petroleum-Based Hydraulic Fluids. The following requirements
must apply:
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6-14.1.1
Provide automatic sprinklers directly over, and at least 6.1 m (20 ft)
beyond the hydraulic equipment. Complete sprinkler protection is required if the
structure is of combustible construction. Sprinklers may be omitted near a single
small system or multiple adjacent small systems not exceeding 380 L (100 gal)
aggregate capacity, and if the construction is noncombustible and ignition
sources are not normally present, and provisions exist for automatic or manual
shutdown of the system(s).
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6-14.1.2
An automatic switch, activated by sprinkler water flow alarm, fusible
link, or other fire detector, must be provided to shut down the system if there is
380 L (100 gal) or more of hydraulic fluid.
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6-14.2
Hydraulic Test Systems. Hydraulic test systems must comply
with the following:
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6-14.2.1
For hydraulic systems that use pressures exceeding 1380 kPa (200
psi), SAE 1010 dead-soft, cold-drawn, seamless-steel tubing (or equivalent) must
be used. A factor of safety of eight over normal working pressure must be used.
For systems with working pressures in excess of 17,240 kPa (2,500 psi), a factor
of safety of four over normal working pressure is acceptable. Tubing is
preferable to pipe. Tubing can be bent to fit in restricted spaces with a minimum
number of fittings, reducing the number of possible leakage points. Solderless,
steel fittings of the flareless "locking-sleeve" type or flare type must be used.
6-14.2.2
Use of threaded pipe should be avoided. Where threaded
connections are used, requirements of ANSI B1.20.1 Pipe Thread must be met.
A safety factor of eight over maximum normal pressure must be used.
6-14.2.3
Tubing runs must have as few bends as possible, but should have
at least one bend to provide for thermal expansion and contraction. The
minimum radius of tube bend must be three tube diameters.
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UFC 3-600-01
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6-14.2.4
Where hose must be used for flexible connections, it must be steel
reinforced, designed for the hydraulic fluid being used, and capable of
withstanding five times the actual operating pressure. Hose couplings and
fittings and minimum bending radius must be in accordance with the hose
manufacturer's instructions. Hose must be installed so as not to rub against
objects as a result of machine movement, vibration, or pressure surges.
6-14.2.5
Piping and tubing must be anchored or secured to minimize failure
due to vibration. Pipe supports must not prevent normal thermal expansion.
ED
6-14.2.6
There must be an accessible, well-marked, emergency shutoff
switch for each pump.
6-14.2.7
Provide automatic shutoff switch to deactivate hydraulic pump upon
loss of pressure.
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6-15
AIRCRAFT HANGARS. Requirements listed in this section are
applicable to both fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft for fuel cell maintenance
facilities, corrosion control and protective coating, and general-purpose
maintenance hangars. These criteria apply to new hangars, the renovation or
modernization of existing hangars, and permanent Tension Fabric Hangars. All
aircraft hangars will be provided with an overhead water only sprinkler system at
the ceiling and a low-level fire suppression system providing coverage for the
entire aircraft storage and servicing floor area to within 1.5 m (5 ft) of the
perimeter walls and doors. The passive fire protection and life safety
requirements must comply with NFPA 101 and NFPA 409, Standard on Aircraft
Hangars.
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Note 1: For Air Force projects, refer to Air Force ETLs for
requirements.
Note 2: For Navy / Marine Corps projects, refer to NAVFAC Interim
Technical Guidance for requirements.
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Note 3: For Army helicopter hangar projects, refer to Army ETLs
for requirements.
6-15.1
Tension Fabric Hangars. The minimum separation between
tension fabric hangars and all other structures will be 30.5 m (100 ft), with a clear
zone of 15.3 m (50 ft) immediately adjacent to the tension fabric structure. The
clear zone cannot be used for storage and must be clear of vegetation
(maintained lawn is permitted). The clear zone may be used as a street or
driveway, but not for vehicle parking.
6-16
AIRCRAFT ACOUSTICAL ENCLOSURES.
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UFC 3-600-01
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6-16.1
Complete Enclosures (Hush-House). Requirements are the
same as those listed in paragraph 6-15, separate manual controls for actuation of
each foam system provided in the control room.
Exception: Air Force installations containing approved gaseous fire
extinguishing systems and high-expansion foam systems.
6-16.2
Out of Airframe Acoustical Enclosures (Test Cells). Provide the
requirements for complete acoustical enclosures listed in paragraph 6-16.1. In
lieu of an overhead AFFF system, the following may be provided:
ED
6-16.2.1
An overhead water deluge system having a density of 14.3
L/min/m² (0.35 gpm/ft2) over the entire floor area; and a water spray system for
the engine having a density of 20.4 L/min/m² (0.50 gpm/ft2) of engine surface
area; and a water spray system for the floor area beneath the engine having a
density of 20.4 L/min/m² (0.50 gpm/ft2) of floor area.
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Note 1: The overhead deluge system need not extend into the area
where the water spray systems for the engine and floor are present.
Note 2: For Air Force projects, the required density for the water
deluge system is 0.01579 L/s (0.25 gpm) per square foot over the entire floor
area, and no floor level water spray is required.
6-17
HYPERBARIC AND HYPOBARIC CHAMBERS.
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6-17.1
Hyperbaric Chambers. Conform hyperbaric chambers to NFPA
99, Chapter 19. Incorporate criteria contained in the following documents into
the design of hyperbaric chambers.
• NAVFAC DM-39, Hyperbaric Facilities
• SS 521-AA-MAN-010, U.S. Navy, Diving and Manned Hyperbaric
Systems Safety Certification Manual
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6-17.2
Hypobaric Chambers. Conform hypobaric chambers to NFPA
99B, Hypobaric Facilities.
6-18
ANECHOIC CHAMBERS. Protect anechoic chambers in
accordance with FM Global Data Sheet 1-53, Anechoic Chambers.
6-19
LIQUID OXYGEN (LOX).
6-19.1
Fixed Liquid Oxygen Tanks. Use fixed tanks having combined
capacity of 380 L (100 gal) or less and portable tanks conforming to NFPA 51,
Design and Installation of Oxygen-Fuel Gas Systems for Welding, Cutting, and
Allied Processes, and NFPA 99.
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UFC 3-600-01
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Exception: As modified in paragraph 6-19.2.
6-19.2
Oxygen Bulk Tanks. Use fixed bulk tanks having a single or
combined capacity of more than 380 L (100 gal) that conform to NFPA 50, Bulk
Oxygen Systems at Consumer Sites and NFPA 99.
Exception: As modified in paragraph 6-19.3.
6-19.3
Separation Distances for LOX Tanks and Carts. Separation
distances for LOX tanks and carts are as follows:
ED
• A minimum of 30.5 m (100 ft) from aircraft parking, fueling, or
servicing areas.
• A minimum of 30.5 m (100 ft) from any flammable or combustible
liquids handling, servicing, processing, or storage area.
•
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• A minimum of 15.3 m (50 ft) from any buildings of Type III, IV, or V
construction.
A minimum of 7.6 m (25 ft) from any buildings of Type I or Type II
construction.
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6-19.4
Bulk Tank Vehicle Parking. Design parking for bulk tank vehicles
servicing fixed tanks that meet the separation requirements of NFPA 50, for the
fixed bulk tank.
Exception: As modified in paragraph 6-19.3.
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6-19.5
LOX Storage for Propellant Applications. Use liquid oxygen
storage for propellant applications that comply with 29 CFR 1910.109, Explosives
and Blasting Agents.
Exception: As modified in paragraph 6-19.3.
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6-20
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENT SCHOOLS. These
facilities must comply with educational occupancies in NFPA 101.
6-21
VEHICLE PARKING, STORAGE, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR
FACILITIES. Design facilities utilized for the parking, storage, maintenance, and
repair of general and special purpose motor vehicles to comply with NFPA 88A,
Parking Structures and/or NFPA 88B, Repair Garages.
6-21.1
Vehicle Parking. Protect enclosed buildings used for vehicle
parking and storage of 10 or more vehicles with an automatic sprinkler system.
6-21.2
Overhaul and Repair Shops. Facilities falling within this category
are those in which major overhaul and repairs are made to various types of
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
equipment or their component parts. Disassembly and testing may also be
performed in such facilities, which include aircraft shops, automotive garages and
repair shops, and ship repair shops.
6-21.2.1
Requirements. Design automotive garages to conform to NFPA
88B. Design ship repair facilities to conform to NFPA 303, Marinas and
Boatyards, and NFPA 312. Design major aircraft overhaul and repair shops to
conform to paragraph 6-15.
ED
6-21.3
Refueler Vehicle Facilities. Facilities used for the parking,
storage, maintenance, and repair of aircraft refueler vehicles should:
• Be protected by an automatic sprinkler system or a closed-head
foam-water AFFF sprinkler system, and
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• Utilize Class I Division 2 electrical equipment and wiring as defined
by NFPA 70.
6-22
PESTICIDE STORAGE AND HANDLING FACILITIES. Locate
facilities or operations involving the storage, mixing, or handling of nonflammable pesticides a minimum of 30.5 m (100 ft) from the nearest building or
occupied structure.
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Exception 1: Facilities of Type I construction as defined by the IBC,
may be located less than 30.5 m (100 ft) from the nearest building or occupied
structure, but not less than 9.1 m (30 ft) in any case.
AN
Exception 2: Facilities protected by an automatic sprinkler system
may be located less than 30.5 m (100 ft) from the nearest building or occupied
structure, but not less than 9.1 m (30 ft) in any case.
Exception 3: Existing facilities involving the storage, mixing, or
handling of non-flammable pesticides are permitted in a building when all the
following are provided:
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• The building is completely protected, including the pesticide area,
by an automatic sprinkler system.
• The pesticide area is separated by not less than one-hour fire rated
construction from the remainder of the building.
• Duct work that penetrates fire rated partitions and wall assemblies
is provided with smoke and fire dampers.
6-23
WINDOWLESS (LIMITED ACCESS) STRUCTURES. Windowless
(limited access) structures are defined in and must conform to the requirements
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
in NFPA 101. Provide windowless (limited access) structures three stories or
more in height with a manually activated smoke exhaust system.
6-23.1
Sprinkler Protection. Provide complete automatic sprinkler
protection for all windowless (limited access) structures.
ED
6-24
UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES. Underground structures are
defined in and must conform to the requirements in NFPA 101. Provide
underground structures that consist of two occupied levels or more, or that has
an occupied level that is greater than 7.6 m (25 ft) below grade level, with a
manually activated smoke exhaust system.
6-24.1
Sprinkler Protection. Provide complete automatic sprinkler
protection for all occupiable underground structures.
COAL.
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6-26
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6-25
GAS SERVICE. Install gas service mains in accordance with
NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code, and NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Code. Gas service mains are not permitted within the perimeter of foundation
lines. Provide natural draft cross ventilation for building crawl spaces containing
gas service piping. Raise supply connections from the gas service mains above
grade outside the foundation wall and pass through a full swing joint or loop of
metallic tubing before entering the building. This will avoid pipe rupture in the
event of differential settlement or earthquake. Locate pressure regulators
outside of buildings or vent to the outside. Standards for heating system
components common to all fuel systems are provided in NFPA 211, Chimneys,
Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances. Related information is
also available in the IBC. Use heating system devices listed by an NRTL.
6-26.1
Storage. Locate coal storage to comply with the following
restrictions:
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6-26.1.1
Do not locate coal storage in an area where contact with an
external heat source is possible. Avoid locating storage near piping, flues, boiler
walls, and over steam mains, even if buried. Coal must not be stored over or
under fire service mains. Maintain a separation distance of at least 6.1 m (20 ft)
from any fire service main.
6-26.1.2
Do not pile coal over manhole covers or covered pipe trenches that
might allow air to find its way into the pile. Do not arrange piles of coal around or
in contact with timbers, columns, or large pipes, as air may pass along these
surfaces and produce a flue effect. Do not vent coal piles with pipes or flues.
6-26.1.3
Do not pile low-grade coal higher than 3 m (10 ft) and best grade
coal not higher than 4.6 m (15 ft), unless they are piled by roll-packing method.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Locate yard piles at least 15.3 m (50 ft) from other combustibles and important
structures.
ED
6-26.1.4
Construct coal bins, silos, or bunkers entirely of noncombustible
material, preferably concrete. The structure should be roofed over to keep out
rain and snow, and the space above the coal sufficiently ventilated to prevent the
accumulation of gases given off by the coal. An elevated cone-shaped bin in
which the coal is fed at the top and removed at the bottom is recommended.
This arrangement prevents fine materials from collecting and remaining in the bin
for long periods. The coal at the bottom, which is most likely to be troublesome,
is the first to be removed. Coal bins, and when possible, bunkers and silos,
should be emptied during the summer shutdowns and other prolonged idle
periods. Provide automatic sprinkler protection if the existing storage facility has
combustible construction or occupancy other than coal. Provide access
openings for manual fire fighting operations.
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6-26.1.5
Compact inactive coal piles, regardless of height to prevent
spontaneous heating.
6-26.2
Handling. Provide the following where combustible conveyor belts
are used to transport coal:
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6-26.2.1
An automatic sprinkler system. Hydraulically design the system to
operate 10 automatic sprinklers and 2 hand-held hose lines (e.g., two 35-mm (11/2-in) hose lines). Sprinkler spacing should be 9.3 m2 (100 ft2) per sprinkler.
The system must be designed using a pressure of 70 kPa (10 psi) on the end
sprinkler. Water supply should be adequate for at least one-hour duration.
Interlock systems with the belt drive to shut down on sprinkler water flow. In a
conveyor enclosure less than 4.6 m (15 ft) wide, install a single line of sprinklers.
6-26.2.2
Provide either 35-mm (1-1/2-in) hose lines or hydrants at suitable
intervals such that the entire belt is accessible for fire fighting.
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6-26.2.3
Provide each conveyor belt system with tamperproof devices
arranged to automatically shut off driving power in the event of greater than 20
percent belt slow down or misalignment of belts. Use interlocking devices to shut
off power to contributing conveyors.
6-26.3
Pulverizing Equipment. In a pulverized fuel system, use
components designed and constructed in accordance with requirements of NFPA
8503, Pulverized Fuel Systems.
6-27
POWER GENERATING AND UTILIZATION EQUIPMENT. In
general, conform electrical installations NFPA 70, National Electrical Code.
Specific details on the hazards of internal combustion engines, gas turbines,
generators, and transformers are covered in the NFPA Fire Protection Handbook
and the FM Global Data Sheets.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-27.1
Stationary Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines, and
Generators. Install internal combustion engines, gas turbines, and generators
following the requirements of NFPA 37, Installation and Use of Stationary
Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines, except as modified by this UFC.
ED
6-27.1.1
Units Under 18.65 MW (25,000 Horsepower). In buildings without
automatic sprinkler protection, enclose these units with 2-hour fire resistive
construction or protect locally with automatic sprinklers. Automatic sprinklers
connected to domestic water supplies are acceptable in accordance with NFPA
13.
6-27.1.2
Units 18.65 MW (25,000 Horsepower) and Larger). In buildings
without automatic sprinkler protection, enclose with 2-hour fire resistive
construction and protect locally with automatic sprinklers. Automatic sprinklers
connected to domestic water supplies are acceptable in accordance with NFPA
13.
Transformers.
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6-27.2
6-27.2.1
Indoor Transformers. Indoor transformers must be installed and
located in accordance with NFPA 70, National Electrical Code.
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6-27.2.2
Outdoor Transformers. Outdoor Transformers must be installed
and located in accordance with NFPA 70; ANSI/IEEE C2 National Electrical
Safety Code; ANSI/IEEE 979, Guide for Substation Fire Protection; and
ANSI/IEEE C57.12 series standards for transformers except as modified by this
UFC.
AN
• Where transformers are located on or above noncombustible roofs,
suitable curbed and drained concrete mats or welded steel plates
must be underneath units and located so as not to expose roof
structures.
• Oil Filled transformers must no be installed on combustible roofs.
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6-27.2.2.1 Outdoor Transformers Greater than 10,000KVA. For
transformers 10,000KVA and greater see FM Global Data Sheet 5-4,
Transformers; NFPA 850, Fire Protection for Electric Generating Plants and High
Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations; and ANSI/IEEE 979, for additional
guidance.
6-27.2.2.2 Outdoor Liquid-Insulated Transformers. Buildings or equipment
exposed by outdoor transformers must be protected by separation, a fire barrier,
or a water spray system on the transformers.
Note: The potential exposures from the insulating fluid pose the
greatest risk for buildings and adjacent transformers.
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17 April 2003
6-27.2.2.2.1 Building Separation Distance. The separation distance between
buildings and transformers must be as indicated in Table 6-1 (for Navy and Air
Force) or Table 6-2 (for Army). The horizontal distance is measured from the
transformer to the building.
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ED
Table 6-1 (Navy and Air Force)
SEPARATION DISTANCE BETWEEN OUTDOOR INSULATED TRANSFORMERS
and BUILDINGS
Horizontal Distancea
Fire
NonVertical
Resistant
Combustible Combustible
Liquid Volume Construction Construction Construction Distance¹
Liquid
gal (m³)
ft (m)
ft (m)
ft (m)
ft (m)
Less
<1,000 (3.8)
5 (1.5)
5 (1.5)
25 (7.6)
25 (7.6)
Flammable
>1,000 (3.8)
15 (4.6)
15 (4.6)
50 (15.2)
50 (15.2)
<500 (1.9)
5 (1.5)
15 (4.6)
25 (7.6)
25 (7.6)
Mineral Oil
500 – 5,000
15 (4.6)
25 (7.6)
50 (15.2)
50 (15.2)
(1.9 – 19)
>5,000 (19)
25 (7.6)
50 (15.2)
100 (30.5)
100 (30.5)
a
If FM Approved transformers are used, the separation distances shall follow the
requirements of FM Global Loss Prevention Data Sheet 5-4, Transformers, which
allows for reduced separation distances.
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Table 6-2 (Army)
SEPARATION DISTANCE BETWEEN OUTDOOR INSULATED TRANSFORMERS
and BUILDINGS
Horizontal Distancea
Fire
NonVertical
Transformer
Resistant
Combustible Combustible
Rating
Construction Construction Construction Distance¹
Liquid
kVA
ft (m)
ft (m)
ft (m)
ft (m)
Less
<2000
5 (1.5)
5 (1.5)
25 (7.6)
25 (7.6)
Flammable
>2000
15 (4.6)
15 (4.6)
50 (15.2)
50 (15.2)
Mineral Oil
<1000
5 (1.5)
15 (4.6)
25 (7.6)
25 (7.6)
(transformers
made after 1970
except zigzagtype)
Mineral Oil
(transformers
made before
1970 & zigzagtype)
a
>1000
15 (4.6)
25 (7.6)
50 (15.2)
50 (15.2)
<650
5 (1.5)
15 (4.6)
25 (7.6)
25 (7.6)
650 – 6500
15 (4.6)
25 (7.6)
50 (15.2)
50 (15.2)
>6500
25 (7.6)
50 (15.2)
100 (30.5)
100 (30.5)
If FM Approved transformers are used, the separation distances shall follow the
requirements of FM Global Loss Prevention Data Sheet 5-4, Transformers, which
allows for reduced separation distances.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-27.2.2.2.1.1
When the separation distance in Table 6-1 or Table 6-2
cannot be met, the following applies:
• There must be no window openings in first story walls within a
horizontal distance of 3 m (10 feet) from the transformers. Existing
window openings must be closed using brick or concrete block.
ED
• Window openings in the first story beyond 3 m (10 ft) and up to the
distance required in Table 6-1 or Table 6-2 horizontally from the
transformers must be protected, using wither wired glass in steel
sash or glass block.
• Window openings in second and third story walls directly above the
transformers must be protected using either wired glass in steel
sash or glass block.
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• Overhanging eaves, where they exist, must be noncombustible.
6-27.2.2.2.1.2
Equipment Separation Distance. The separation distance
between other equipment (including adjacent transformers) must be as indicated
in Table 6-3 (For Navy and Air Force) or Table 6-4 (for Army)
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Table 6-3 (Navy and Air Force)
SEPARATION DISTANCE BETWEEN OUTDOOR FLUID
INSULATED TRANSFORMERS and EQUIPMENT (INCLUDING
OTHER TRANSFORMERS)
Fluid Volume
Distance
Liquid
gal (m³)
ft (m)
Less Flammable
<1,000 (3.8)
5 (1.5)
>1,000 (3.8)
25 (7.6)
Mineral Oil
<500 (1.9)
5 (1.5)
500 – 5,000 (1.9 – 19)
25 (7.6)
>5,000 (19)
50 (15.2)
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17 April 2003
<650
Mineral Oil
650 – 6500
(transformers made before
1970 & zigzag-type)
>6500
ED
Table 6-4 (Army)
SEPARATION DISTANCE BETWEEN OUTDOOR FLUID
INSULATED TRANSFORMERS and EQUIPMENT (INCLUDING
OTHER TRANSFORMERS)
Transformer Rating
Distance
Liquid
kVA
ft (m)
Less Flammable
<2000
5 (1.5)
>2000
25 (7.6)
Mineral Oil
<1,000
5 (1.5)
(transformers made after
>1000
25 (7.6)
1970, except zigzag-type)
5 (1.5)
25 (7.6)
50 (15.2)
6-27.2.2.2.2.1
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6-27.2.2.2.2 Fire Barriers. Fire barriers must be of concrete block or reinforced
concrete construction adequate for 2-hour fire resistance.
Buildings.
6-27.2.2.2.2.1.1 When
building walls are used for protection, the exposed
wall must extend the horizontal and vertical distances from the transformer
specified in Table 6-1 or Table 6-2.
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6-27.2.2.2.2.1.2
Roofs exposed to mineral oil insulated transformers must be
Class A rated for the exposed area. The exposed area is considered to be the
following:
AN
• 4.6 m (15 ft) from a transformer containing 3.8 to 19 m3 (1,000 to
5,000 gallons of mineral oil where roofs are less than 7.76 m (25 ft)
high.
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• 7.6 m (25 ft) from a transformer containing more than 19 m3 (5,000
gallons) where roofs are less than 15 m (50 ft) high.
6-27.2.2.2.2.2
Equipment. For equipment, barriers must extend 0.3m (1 ft)
vertically and 0.6m (2 ft) horizontally beyond transformer components that could
be pressurized as the result of an electrical fault. This will typically include
bushings, pressure relief vents, radiators, tap changer enclosures, and other
similar devices.
6-27.2.2.2.3 Water Spray Exposure Protection.
6-27.2.2.2.3.1
Buildings.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-27.2.2.2.3.1.1
If water spray or automatic sprinkler protection is used for
building protection, a discharge density of 8.2 L/min/m² (0.20 gpm/ft²) must be
used over the exposed surface.
6-27.2.2.2.3.1.2
The water supply must be adequate for 2 hours and must
include a hose stream demand of 1900 L/min (500 gpm).
6-27.2.2.2.3.2
Equipment.
ED
6-27.2.2.2.3.2.1
For multiple transformer installations the water spray system
must be designed based on simultaneous operation of the water spray systems
for the adjacent transformers.
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6-27.2.2.2.3.2.2
Design the water spray system to provide a density of 10.2
L/min/m² (0.25 gpm/ft²) over transformer surfaces, except areas under the
transformer in accordance with FM Global Data Sheet 4-1N, Water Spray Fixed
Systems.
6-27.2.2.2.3.2.3 When
the ground around the transformer is non-absorbing,
water spray must be provided at a density of 6.1 L/min/m² (0.15 gpm/ft²) for the
diked area or for a distance of 3 m (10 ft) from the transformer in all directions.
6-27.2.2.2.3.2.4 Components
of the water spray system, such as piping,
spray nozzles, and other components must be a minimum of 45.7 cm (18 in) from
the transformer.
Do not direct water spray nozzles at bushings.
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6-27.2.2.2.3.2.6
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6-27.2.2.2.3.2.5 Piping
must not pass over the top of the transformer or be
exposed by tank relief vents.
6-28
TRASH COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES.
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6-28.1
Central Trash Collection and Dumpsters. Place central trash
collection units and dumpsters 15 feet (4.6 m) or more away from wood frame or
metal buildings or from openings in masonry-walled buildings.
6-28.2
Collection, Baling, and Storage Rooms. Use 2-hour fire resistive
construction for collection, baling, and storage rooms and protect with automatic
sprinklers.
6-28.3
Trash Chutes. Equip trash chutes in buildings with automatic
sprinklers. In non-sprinklered buildings, trash chute sprinkler systems may be
connected to the domestic water system.
6-29
PROTECTION OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOMS AND
HOISTWAYS.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-29.1
Fire Resistant Construction. For Navy projects provide 2-hour
fire resistant construction for all elevator hoistways.
Exception: Existing buildings that are being renovate , with existing
elevator shafts not being modified and that do not require 2-hour rated fire
resistant construction in accordance with the IBC.
• All elevator lobbies.
• All elevator machine rooms.
ED
6-29.2
Detection System. Provide dual-contact smoke detectors or
addressable fire alarm system smoke detectors with auxiliary contacts or control
modules at:
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• Top of the hoistway. (Only if sprinklers are provided at the top of
the hoistway.)
6-29.2.1
Activation of any elevator machine room, hoistway, or lobby smoke
detector must activate the building fire alarm system and send the affected
elevators to the designated floor.
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6-29.2.2
Activation of a lobby smoke detector must cause the Firefighter's
Service visual signal to constantly illuminate in any elevator cab that serves the
affected lobby. Activation of an elevator machine room or hoistway smoke
detector must cause the Firefighter's Service visual signal to illuminate
intermittently (flash) in any elevator cab which has equipment located in the
affected machine room or hoistway, as required by ASME A17.1.
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6-29.3
Electric Traction Elevators. For buildings protected with an
automatic sprinkler system, provide sprinkler(s) with sprinkler guard(s) in the
machine room(s). Provide a supervised shut-off valve, check valve, flow switch,
and test valve in the sprinkler line supplying the machine room(s). These items
must be located outside of and adjacent to the machine room(s). Actuation of
the flow switch must remove power to the elevator(s), served by that machine
room, by shunt trip breaker operation. The flow switch must have no time delay.
See Table 6-5 and Figure 6-7.
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UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Table 6-5
ELECTRIC TRACTION ELEVATOR
PROVIDE
SPRINKLER
(Not Applicable for
Buildings Without
Sprinkler Protection)
PROVIDE SMOKE DETECTOR
to INITIATE ELEVATOR
FIREFIGHTERS SERVICE and
BUILDING FIRE ALARM
SYSTEM
PENTHOUSE
MACHINE ROOM
YES
YES
ELEVATOR LOBBIES
YES
PIT AREA
NO
TOP of HOISTWAY
NO *
ED
ROOM / AREA
YES
NO
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NO *
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* Provide sprinklers and smoke detector where existing hoistway walls are not 2
hour rated, and existing elevator cab does not meet flame spread or smoke
development requirements of ASME A 17.1. These sprinklers must follow the
requirements of paragraphs 6-29.4.3 and 6-29.5.
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UFC 3-600-01
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Figure 6-7
Electric Traction Elevator
SD
Machine Room
To
Fire Alarm
ED
To Elevator Power
Disconnect
SD
Elevator Lobby
SD
Elevator Lobby
SD
Elevator
Cab
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Counter Weight
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Test
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6-29.4
Hydraulic Elevators. In buildings protected with an automatic
sprinkler system, provide the following (see Tables 6-2 and 6-3, and Figures 6-8,
6-9, and 6-10):
ED
6-29.4.1
Machine Room: Provide sprinkler(s) with sprinkler guard(s) in the
machine room(s). Provide a supervised shut-off valve, check valve, flow switch,
and test valve in the sprinkler line supplying the machine room(s). These items
must be located outside of and adjacent to the machine room(s). Actuation of
the flow switch must remove power to the elevator(s), served by that machine
room, by shunt trip breaker operation. The flow switch must have no time delay.
6-29.4.2
Elevator Pit: Provide a sidewall sprinkler(s) with sprinkler guards
in the pit for hydraulic elevators. Locate the sprinkler no more than 610 mm (2 ft)
above the pit floor. Provide a supervised shut-off valve in the sprinkler line
supplying the pit. Locate the valve outside of and adjacent to the pit. Actuation
of the pit sprinkler must not disconnect power to the elevator.
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6-29.4.3
Top of Elevator Hoistway: When a sprinkler is provided at the top
of the hoistway, provide a supervised shut-off valve, check valve, flow switch,
and test valve in the sprinkler line supplying the hoistway. These items must be
located outside of and adjacent to the hoistway. Actuation of the flow switch
must disconnect power to the elevator by shunt trip breaker operation. Flow
switch must have no time delay.
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Table 6-6
DIRECT PLUNGER HYDRAULIC ELEVATOR
(Not to Exceed 44' of Travel)
PROVIDE
SPRINKLER
(Not Applicable for
Buildings Without
Sprinkler Protection)
PROVIDE SMOKE
DETECTOR to INITIATE
ELEVATOR FIREFIGHTERS
SERVICE and BUILDING
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
MACHINE ROOM
YES
YES
ELEVATOR LOBBIES
YES
YES
PIT AREA
YES
NO
TOP of HOISTWAY
NO *
NO *
C
ROOM / AREA
* Provide sprinklers and smoke detector where existing hoistway walls are not
2 hour rated, and existing elevator cab does not meet flame spread or smoke
development requirements of ASME A 17.1. These sprinklers must follow the
requirements of paragraphs 6-29.4.3 and 6-29.5.
70
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Table 6-7
HOLELESS HYDRAULIC ELEVATOR
(Not to Exceed 12' of Travel)
PROVIDE
SPRINKLER
(Not Applicable for
Buildings Without
Sprinkler Protection)
PROVIDE SMOKE
DETECTOR to INITIATE
ELEVATOR FIREFIGHTERS
SERVICE and BUILDING
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
MACHINE ROOM
YES
YES
ELEVATOR LOBBIES
YES
PIT AREA
YES
TOP of HOISTWAY
YES
ED
ROOM / AREA
YES
NO
EL
L
YES
C
6-29.5
Test Valves. Provide inspector's test connection for each water
flow switch associated with the elevator machine room and/or elevator hoistway
sprinklers. Locate the test connection outside the rated enclosure. Route test
connection piping to a floor drain location that can accept full flow or where water
may be discharged without property damage. Discharge to a floor drain may be
permitted only if the drain is sized to accommodate full flow. Discharge to janitor
sinks or similar plumbing fixtures is not permitted.
C
AN
6-29.6
Italy. For Italian construction projects, sprinkler protection must not
be provided in the elevator hoistway, pit, or machine room. Italian law prohibits
sprinklers in these locations.
71
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Figure 6-8
Direct Plunger Hydraulic Elevator
SD
ED
Elevator Lobby
SD
Elevator
Cab
To
Fire Alarm
SD
Machine Room
C
AN
Hydraulic
Piping
C
Test
EL
L
To Elevator Power
Disconnect
72
Elevator Lobby
SD
Elevator Lobby
No more than 24-inches
above the pit floor.
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
ED
Figure 6-9
Direct Plunger Hydraulic Elevator – Hydraulic Supply Piping
Extending above the Second Finished Floor Elevation
SD
Elevator Lobby
To
Fire
SD
Test
Elevator
Cab
AN
C
Machine Room
EL
L
To Elevator
Power
Di
t
SD
Elevator Lobby
SD
Elevator Lobby
C
No more than 24-inches
above the pit floor.
Hydraulic
Piping
73
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Figure 6-10
Holeless Hydraulic Elevator
Elevator
Cab
To Elevator Power
Disconnect
To
Fire Alarm
Test
SD
Elevator Lobby
No more than 24-inches
above the pit floor.
TENSION FABRIC STRUCTURES.
AN
6-30
Elevator Lobby
C
Machine Room
EL
L
SD
ED
SD
C
6-30.1
Separation of, and Basic Allowable Area. To determine the
allowable area and separation requirements for all permanent tension fabric
structures, follow the requirements of Table 6-8. The separation area will be a
clear zone adjacent to the tension fabric structure. The clear zone cannot be
used for storage and must be clear of vegetation (maintained lawn is permitted).
The clear zone may be used as a street or driveway, but not for vehicle parking.
6-30.2
Definitions:
6-30.2.1
Tension Membrane Structure (from NFPA 102): A membrane
structure incorporating a membrane and a structural support system such as
arches, columns, and cables, or beams wherein the stresses developed in the
tension membrane interact with those in the structural support so that the entire
assembly acts together to resist the applied loads.
6-30.2.2 Permanent
Building (from NFPA 102): A building that is intended to
remain in place for a period of 180 days or more.
74
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-30.2.3 Temporary
Building (from NFPA 102): A building that is intended to
remain in place for less than 180 consecutive calendar days.
C
AN
C
EL
L
ED
6-30.2.4
Noncombustible Material (from NFPA 102): A material that, in the
form in which it is used and under the conditions anticipated, will not ignite, burn,
support combustion, or release flammable vapors, when subjected to fire or heat.
Materials that are reported as passing ASTM E 136, Standard Test Method for
Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°C, must be considered
noncombustible materials.
75
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Table 6-8
BASIC ALLOWABLE AREA for TENSION MEMBRANE/FABRIC STRUCTURES
in Square Feet (Square Meters)
a
SEPARATION
TYPE of CONSTRUCTION
II - N
V-N
Sprinkler
Protection
No Sprinkler
Protection
20 ft ( 6 m)
36,000 (3,344)
12,000 (1,114)
24,000 (2,229)
8,000 (743)
40 ft (12 m)
72,000 (6,689)
24,000 (2,229)
48, 000 (4,459)
16,000 (1,486)
60 ft (18 m)
UNLIMITED
UNLIMITED
UNLIMITED
UNLIMITED
As defined in paragraph 6-30.2.4
No Sprinkler
Protection
EL
L
a
Sprinkler
Protection
ED
DISTANCES
6-30.3
Other Features. Other life safety and fire protection features must
meet the technical requirements for the specific occupancy.
6-30.4
Tension Fabric Hangars. Tension Fabric Hangars must comply
with paragraph 6-15.
C
6-31
COMMISSARIES AND EXCHANGES. Commissaries and
exchanges less than 74m2 (8,000 ft2) gross floor area do not require automatic
sprinkler protection.
AN
6-32
MORALE WELFARE AND RECREATION FACILITIES. Clubs
including officer, non-commissioned officer, and enlisted; bowling centers, craft
shops including hobby shops, woodworking, auto centers, and similar facilities
must be protected with automatic sprinkler systems.
C
6-33
MULTISTORY BUILDINGS. Building two stories or greater,
measured from the lowest grade, accessible to people with severe mobility
impairment must be protected with automatic sprinklers.
6-33.1
Building Four Stories or Greater. Building four stories or greater,
measured from the lowest grade, regardless of occupancy must be protected
with automatic sprinklers.
6-34
COMBUSTIBLE CONSTRUCTION. Facilities of Type III, Type IV
and Type V construction over three or more stories in height must be protected
with automatic sprinklers systems.
76
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
6-34.1
Renovation. Renovation of existing building of Type III, Type IV
and Type V construction over 465 m2 (5,000 ft2) must include automatic sprinkler
protection.
6-35
MISSILE ALERT FACILITIES (MAF). MAFs are the aboveground
facilities that support underground ballistic missile launch control centers.
ED
6-35.1
Sprinkler Protection. Protect all missile alert facilities with a
sprinkler system designed and installed in accordance with National Fire
Protection Association 13R, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in
Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height. Systems
must be supplied from the existing domestic water storage tank. Use drypendant or dry-sidewall heads or anti-freeze runs for rooms/spaces exposed to
freezing temperatures.
EL
L
6-35.2
Heat Detectors. Thermal detection devices must be provided in
rooms, areas and spaces that are not protected by automatic sprinkler protection
in accordance with NFPA 13R.
C
AN
C
6-35.3
Fire Hydrants. Provide a dry fire hydrant installed on the domestic
water tank to allow local fire departments the ability to draft firefighting water
during emergencies.
77
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
APPENDIX A
REFERENCES
GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS:
1.
Department of the Army
ED
Standardization Documents Order Desk
700 Robbins Avenue, Bldg. 4D
Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094
EM-385-1-1
AR 385-64
Safety and Health
Requirements Manual
Design Criteria, Appendix
G
Water Supply, Water
Distribution, Volume 5
Explosives Safety Program
385-100
Safety Manual
TI 800-01
Department of the Air Force
AFMAN 91-201
Explosives Safety Standard
DODI 6055.9-STD
DOD Ammunition and
Explosive Safety Standards
MIL-HDBK-1005/7
Water Supply Systems
Department of Defense
C
3.
AN
C
2.
EL
L
TM 5-813-5
4.
Department of the Navy
Standardization Documents Order Desk
700 Robbins Avenue, Bldg. 4D
Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094
A-78
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
MIL-HDBK-1191
MIL-HDBK-1032/2
MIL-HDBK-1005/13
MIL-HDBK-1025/1
Hazardous Waste Storage
Facilities
Piers and Wharves
Dockside Utilities for Ship
Service
Graving Drydocks
ED
MIL-HDBK-1025/2
Medical and Dental
Treatment Facilities Design
and Construction Criteria
Covered Storage
MIL-HDBK-1029/1
MIL-HDBK-1029/3
EL
L
MIL-HDBK-1022A
Drydocking Facilities
Characteristics
Petroleum Fuel Facilities
UFC 4-010-01
UFC 4-151-10
DoD Minimum Antiterrorism
Standards for Buildings
Dockside Utilities for Ship
Service
Waterfront Construction
UFC 4-740-14
Child Development Centers
MIL-F-24385F
Fire Extinguishing Agent,
Aqueous Film-Forming
Foam (AFFF) Liquid
Concentrate, for Fresh and
Seawater
Ammunition and Explosives
Ashore Safety Regulations
for Handling, Storing,
Production, Renovation,
and Shipping
Hyperbaric Facilities
C
AN
C
UFC 4-150-02
5.
NAVSEA OP-5
DM-39
SS 521-AA-MAN010
Federal Laws
A-79
U.S. Navy, Diving and
Manned Hyperbaric
Systems Safety
Certification Manual
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
USC Title 10,
Section 1794
Military Child Care
USC Title 15,
Section 272
Utilization of Consensus
Technical Standards by
Federal Agencies
Hotel-Motel Fire Safety
USC Title 15,
Section 2225
Fire Administration
Authorization Act (also
referred to as the "Fire
Safety Act")
29 CFR 1910.27
Fixed Ladders
29 CFR 1910.109
Explosives and Blasting
Agents
Memorandum
dated 14 January
2002
Guidance for Family
Housing Master Plans
FED-STD-795
Uniform Federal
Accessibility Standard
ADAAG
American with Disabilities
Act Accessibility Guidelines
C
Federal Standards
C
7.
Office of Under Secretary of
Defense
AN
6.
EL
L
ED
USC Title 15,
Section 2227
NON-GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS:
1.
American National Standards
Institute (ANSI)
1819 L Street, NW, 6th Floor
Washington, DC, 20036
B1.20.1
A-80
Pipe Thread
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
2.
8.
American Correctional Association
(ACA)
Planning and Design Guide
For Secure Adult and
Juvenile Facilities, 1999
4380 Forbes Boulevard
Lanham, Maryland 20706-4322
1-800-222-5646
American Society for Testing and
Materials (ASTM)
ASTM E 84
ASTM E 119
EL
L
ASTM E 136
ASTM E 814
American Water Works Association
(AWWA)
C
9.
Manual M14
Manual M31
C
AN
AWWA, 6666 W. Quincy Avenue
Denver, CO 80235
10
International Code Council (ICC)
Recommended Practice for
Backflow Prevention and
Cross Connection Control
Distribution System
Requirements for Fire
Protection
International Building Code
(IBC)
5203 Leesburg Pike, Suite 600
Falls Church, VA 22041
11
Standard Method of Test of
Surface Burning
Characteristics of Building
Materials
Standard Test Methods for
Fire Tests of Building
Construction and Materials
Standard Test Method for
Behavior of Materials in a
Vertical Tube Furnace at
750°C
Standard Test Method for Fire
Tests of Through-Penetration
Fire Stops
ED
100 Barr Harbor Drive
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
Factory Mutual Global (FM)
A-81
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
1301 Atwood Avenue
PO Box 7500
Johnston, RI 02919
FMDS 1-20
Protection Against Exterior
Fire Exposure
FMDS 1-23
Protection of Openings in Fire
Subdivisions
Anechoic Chambers
Transformers
Carousel Storage and
Retrieval Systems
ED
FMDS 1-53
FMDS 5-4
FMDS 8-33
12. National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA)
NFPA 1
NFPA 10
NFPA 11
NFPA 11A
Fire Prevention Code
Portable Fire Extinguishers
Low-Expansion Foam
Medium- and High-Expansion
Foam Systems
Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing
Systems
Installation of Sprinkler
Systems
Sprinkler Systems in
Residential Occupancies up to
and Including Four Stories in
Height
Installation of Sprinkler
Systems in One- and TwoFamily Dwellings and
Manufactured Homes
Installation of Standpipe,
Private Hydrant, and Hose
Systems
Water Spray Fixed Systems
for Fire Protection
Installation of Foam-Water
Sprinkler and Foam-Water
Spray Systems
Dry Chemical Extinguishing
Systems
EL
L
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269-9101
NFPA 12
C
AN
C
NFPA 13
NFPA 13R
NFPA 13D
NFPA 14
NFPA 15
NFPA 16
NFPA 17
A-82
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
NFPA 17A
NFPA 20
NFPA 24
ED
NFPA 30
Wet Chemical Extinguishing
Systems
Standard for the Installation of
Stationary Pumps for Fire
Protection
Installation of Private Fire
Service Mains and Their
Appurtenances
Flammable and Combustible
Liquids Code
Installation and Use of
Stationary Combustion
Engines and Gas Turbines
Bulk Oxygen Systems at
Consumer Sites
Design and Installation of
Oxygen-Fuel Gas Systems for
Welding, Cutting, and Allied
Processes
National Fuel Gas Code
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Code
National Electric Code
National Fire Alarm Code
Protection of Electronic
Computer/Data Processing
Equipment
Fire Doors and Fire Windows
Protection of Buildings From
Exterior Fire Exposures
Parking Structures
Repair Garages
Installation of Air-Conditioning
and Ventilating Systems
Installation of Warm Air
Heating and Air-Conditioning
Systems
Ventilation Control and Fire
Protection of Commercial
Cooking Operations
Health Care Facilities
Hypobaric Facilities
NFPA 37
NFPA 50
EL
L
NFPA 51
C
AN
C
NFPA 54
NFPA 58
NFPA 70
NFPA 72
NFPA 75
NFPA 80
NFPA 80A
NFPA 88A
NFPA 88B
NFPA 90A
NFPA 90B
NFPA 96
NFPA 99
NFPA 99B
A-83
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
NFPA 101
NFPA 102
NFPA 204
NFPA 211
ED
NFPA 220
Life Safety
Grandstands, Folding and
Telescopic Seating, Tents,
and Membrane Structures
Smoke and Heat Venting
Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents,
and Solid Fuel-Burning
Appliances
Types of Building
Construction
Standard for the Fire
Protection of Storage
Safeguarding Construction,
Alteration, and Demolition
Operations
Standard Method of Test of
Surface Burning
Characteristics of Building
Materials
Fire Tests of Roof Coverings
Fire Protection Standard for
Marinas and Boatyards
Construction and Fire
Protection of Marine
Terminals, Piers, and
Wharves
Fire Protection of Vessels
During Construction, Repair,
and Lay-Up
Standard on Aircraft Hangars
Storage of Liquid and Solid
Oxidizers
Storage of Pesticides
Storage of Ammonium Nitrate
Fire Safety Criteria for
Manufactured Home
Installations, Sites, and
Communities
Standard on Water Mist Fire
Protection Systems
Fire Hose Connections
Clean Agent Fire
NFPA 230
NFPA 241
EL
L
NFPA 255
NFPA 256
NFPA 303
C
AN
C
NFPA 307
NFPA 312
NFPA 409
NFPA 430
NFPA 434
NFPA 490
NFPA 501A
NFPA 750
NFPA 1963
NFPA 2001
A-84
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
NFPA 8503
NFPA
Extinguishing Systems
Pulverized Fuel Systems
Handbook
13. Underwriters Laboratory (UL)
333 Pfingsten Road
Northbrook, IL 60062-2096
UL 1479
14
A17.1
ASME International
C
AN
C
800-843-2763
EL
L
Three Park Avenue
New York, NY 10016-5990
Safety Tests for Fire
Resistance of Roof Covering
Materials
Fire Tests of ThroughPenetration Firestops
Safety Code for Elevators and
Escalators
ED
UL 790
A-85
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
APPENDIX B
OCCUPANCY HAZARD CLASSIFICATION for DETERMINING
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER DENSITIES and HOSE STREAM
DEMANDS
EL
L
ED
B-1
Classification of Occupancies. The principal occupancy
classifications are light hazard, ordinary hazard, and extra hazard. Listed below
are the classifications with examples of common occupancies listed under each.
The basic hazard classification of an occupancy does not define the fire hazard
present in all areas of that occupancy. If more hazardous processes or areas
exist within a given occupancy, protect these areas in accordance with the fire
protection requirements pertaining to the hazard classification of that area.
Determine the classification for unlisted occupancies from the definitions or by
comparison with one of the listed occupancies.
B-1.1
Light Hazard Occupancies. Occupancies or portions of
occupancies where the quantity and combustibility of the contents are low and
fires with relatively low rates of heat release are expected. Small, scattered
amounts of flammable liquids in closed containers are allowable in quantities not
exceeding 20 L (5 gal) per fire area. This classification includes but is not limited
to the following occupancies:
C
• Churches and chapels
AN
• Gymnasiums
• Clinics (dental, outpatient, patient areas only)
• Hospitals
• Data processing areas
C
• Mess areas
• Dispensaries (patient areas only)
• Drill halls (not used for storage or exhibition)
• Disciplinary barracks
• Offices
• Child development centers
B-86
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
B-1.2
Ordinary Hazard Group 1 Occupancies. Occupancies or
portions of occupancies where combustibility is low, quantity of combustibles is
moderate, stockpiles of combustibles do not exceed 2.5 m (8 ft), and fires with
moderate rates of heat release are expected. Modest, scattered amounts of
flammable liquid, in closed containers are allowable in quantities not to exceed
75 L (20 gal) per fire area. This classification includes but is not limited to the
following occupancies:
• Armories
ED
• Sheet metal shops
• Bowling alleys
• Ship fitting shops
EL
L
• Clubs (officer, enlisted personnel, etc.)
• Kitchens and bakery
• Small stores
• Theaters and auditoriums
• Welding shops
C
• Forge shops
AN
• Laundries
• Automobile parking garage
• Electronics assembly and repair
C
B-1.3
Ordinary Hazard Group 2 Occupancies. Occupancies or portion
of occupancies where quantity and combustibility of contents is moderate,
stockpiles do not exceed 3.7 m (12 ft), and fires with moderate rate of heat
release are expected. Moderate, scattered amounts of flammable liquids in
closed containers are allowable in quantities not to exceed 200 L (50 gal) per fire
area. Small amounts of flammable liquids may be exposed as required by
normal operations. This classification includes but is not limited to the following
occupancies:
• Commissaries
• Exchanges
• Aviation Depots
B-87
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
• Boiler rooms
• Electrical maintenance shops
• Engine and generator rooms
• Laboratories
• Refrigeration and air compressor rooms
ED
• Switchgear rooms
• Machine rooms
• Printing shops (using inks having flash points above 44 oC (110 oF)
EL
L
• Libraries
• Piers and wharves
• Vehicle repair garages
• Woodworking shops
C
B-1.4
Special Occupancies. Special occupancies are facilities or areas
that cannot be assigned a specific classification because of special protection
requirements. This classification includes but is not limited to the following
occupancies:
AN
• Flammable and combustible liquids
• Aircraft hangars
• Engine test cells
C
• Missile assembly
• Ordnance plants
• Rubber tire storage
• Warehouses (piled or rack storage)
• Foam rubber or plastic storage
standards.
Note: Refer to Chapter 5 and the appropriate NFPA codes and
B-88
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
APPENDIX C
PROCEDURE for DETERMINING FIRE FLOW DEMAND for
UNSPRINKLERED FACILITIES
C-1
Use the following procedures to determine the required fire flow
demand and duration for buildings that are not fully sprinklered.
ED
C-1.1
Step One - Determine the Classification of Occupancy.
Appendix B lists the classifications of occupancy hazard as Light, Ordinary Group
1, Ordinary Group 2, and Extra.
EL
L
C-1.2
Step Two - Determine the Water Demand Weighted Factors.
The table is divided into three weighted value categories for fire flow and duration
in each occupancy classification. These categories are determined from the
values established in the six factors discussed below. The final value is
determined by adding the values obtained from all six factors. See sample
calculations in Appendix C, par. 1-d.
C-1.2.1
Weighted Factors. The six factors to be assigned weighted values
are as follows:
C
C-1.2.1.1
Response Time by Fire Department. Most installations have onsite fire departments that are familiar with hazards of buildings within the facility.
The longer the response time for manual firefighting, the greater the water
demand and duration. Traffic flow is a factor and traffic congestion is equivalent
to a longer response distance. The fire department response weighing factors
are as follows:
AN
Type Of Fire Department Response
Value
1
On-Site (over 1.6 km (1 mile) but less than 4.8 km (3 miles))
2
On-Site (4.8 km (3 miles) or greater)
3
Off-Site (less than 3.2 km (2 miles))
2
Off-Site (3.2 km (2 miles) or greater)
3
C
On-Site (within 1.6 km (1 mile))
C-1.2.1.2
Type of Construction. Paragraph 2-1.3 requires that type of
construction comply with the IBC. As structural fire integrity is reduced, water
demand and duration will become greater. In addition, the combustibility of
construction will add to the water demand for an unsprinklered building. The
types of construction weighted values are as follows:
C-89
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Value
Type I
1
Type II
2
Type III
3
Type IV
2
Type V
5
ED
Type of Construction
EL
L
C-1.2.1.3
Number of Stories. Firefighting is more difficult for multi-story
buildings. Furthermore, fire spreads faster vertically than horizontally. Fire in
multi-story buildings is more difficult to contain and has higher water demands.
Consider one-story buildings with high ceiling heights (6.1 m (20 ft) or greater)
multi-story. The weighted values for number of stories of a facility are as follows:
Number of Stories
Value
Single Story
1
Two or more stories
2
C
(plus 1 point for each additional floor greater than two floors; maximum 6 points)
C
AN
C-1.2.1.4
Separation Distances. The model building codes and NFPA 80A
provide that a separation distance of 18.3 m (60 ft) or more does not require
protection of exterior wall from exposure. The codes indicate that a separation
distance of 6.1 m (20 ft) or less requires one hour or more fire resistance
construction. Water demand for protecting exposed facilities increases as
separation distance decrease. In addition, exterior firefighting is hampered as
building separation distances are reduced. The weighted values for the building
separation distances are as follows:
Separation Distance
meter (feet)
Value
18.3 (60) or more
1
6.4 (21) to 18 (59)
2
6.1 (20) or less
4
C-90
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
C-1.2.1.5
Building Floor Area. Firefighting water demands are higher for
larger unsprinklered buildings. The weighted values for the building floor area
factor are as follows:
Area (square meter) (square feet)
Value
1
697.1 (7501) to 1394 (15,000)
2
1394.1 (15,001) to 2323 (25,000)
3
2323.1 (25,001) to 3716 (40,000)
4
Greater than 3716 (40,000)
5
ED
697 (7500) or less
C
EL
L
C-1.2.1.6
Firefighting Access. Studies conducted by fire departments have
demonstrated that a responding engine company needs to be within 55 m (180
ft) of a fire to effectively control it. This distance is based on the use of a 9.2 m
(30-ft) stream of water and 45 m (150 ft) of fire hose. The fire hose distance
must be measured, as the hose would lie over the terrain from the fire apparatus.
Ideally, this distance should be to any part of the first three stories of a building,
either by use of ground ladders through windows or by use of windows. The
efficiency of the manual approach is reduced as more hose connections are
required. The weighted values for firefighting access based on hose layout
distances are as follows:
Maximum Hose Layout (meter) (feet)
Value
AN
(first three stories)
1
55.1 (181) to 70 (230)
2
Greater than 70 (230)
4
C
55 (180)or less
C-1.3
Step Three - Determine Fire Flow and Duration. Using the
occupancy classification and summation of weighted values of the six factors;
select the required water demand for fire flow and duration from Table C-1.
C-91
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Table C-1 Water Demands for Unsprinklered Facilities
TOTAL WEIGHTED VALUE
Occupancy Hazard
Classification
Fire Flows
Duration
(L/m (gpm) at 137 kPa (20
psi) residual pressure)
(minutes)
11-15
16+
Light
2840
(750)
4260
(1125)
5680
(1500)
60
90
120
Ordinary Group 1
3785
(1000)
5680
(1500)
7570
(2000)
90
120
150
Ordinary Group 2
5680
(1500)
8520
(2250)
11,360
(3000)
90
120
150
Extra
9465
(2500)
14,195
(3750)
18,930
(5000)
150
195
240
11-15
EL
L
C-1.4
6-10
16+
ED
6-10
Examples Calculations
Factors
Fire Department response
On-site (within 1.6 km (1 mile))
Type of construction
Type II
Number of Stories
Two stories
Separation Distance
9.1 m (30 ft)
Building Floor Area
2044 m2 (22,000 ft2)
Firefighting access
51.8 m (170 ft)
Total Weighing Value
AN
1.
C
(1) Example 1 - Administration Office Building (Light Hazard)
2.
3.
C
4.
5.
6.
C-92
Values
1
2
2
2
3
2
12
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Per Table C-1: 4260 L/m (1125 gpm ) for 90 minutes
(2) Example 2 - Welding Shop (Ordinary Group 1)
3.
4.
5.
6.
2
3
ED
2.
Values
1
4
EL
L
1.
Factors
Fire Department response
Off-site (within 3.2 km (2 miles))
Type of construction
Type II
Number of Stories
Single story
Separation Distance
6.1 m (20 ft)
Building Floor Area
2044 m2 (22,000 ft2)
Firefighting access
76.2 m (250 ft)
Total Weighing Value
3
4
17
C
Per Table C-1: 7570 L/m (2000 gpm) for 150 minutes
(1) Example 3 - Barracks (Light Hazard)
AN
Factors
Fire Department response
Off-site (more than 4.8 km (3 miles))
Type of construction
Type II
Number of Stories
Three stories
Separation Distance
12.2 m (40 ft)
Building Floor Area
836 m2 (9,000 ft2)
Firefighting access
61 m (200 ft)
Total Weighing Value
1.
2.
C
3.
4.
5.
6.
C-93
Values
3
2
3
2
2
2
14
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
C
AN
C
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ED
Per Table C-1: 4260 L/m (1125 gpm) for 90 minutes
C-94
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
APPENDIX D
PROCEDURE FOR PERFORMANCE BASED FIRE SAFETY
DESIGN
D-2
ED
D-1
EQUIVALENT LEVEL OF SAFETY AND PROTECTION. Any
proposed performance-based fire safety design must demonstrate to the
satisfaction of the authority having jurisdiction, a level of safety equivalent to the
minimum applicable prescriptive requirements of this UFC.
DEFINITIONS
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L
D-2.1
Stakeholders. The stakeholders are a group of identified
individuals or representatives, typically having authoritative control or input,
having a share or interest in the successful completion of a project. A project's
identified stakeholders should include the building's design and construction
team members, security, the authority having jurisdiction, accreditation agencies,
tenants, and emergency responders. The representative of the component AHJ’s
office must be the stakeholder responsible for ultimate approval of any
performance-based fire safety design.
C
D-3
FIRE SAFETY DESIGN DOCUMENTATION. Any facility designed
using performance-based fire safety design methods must have supporting
documentation, including a Fire Protection Engineering Design Brief,
Performance-Based Design Report, Specifications, Drawings, Building Operation
& Maintenance Manuals, and Warrant of Fitness.
C
AN
D-3.1
Fire Protection Engineering Design Brief. This is a separate
document from the project Basis of Design, prepared by the design team’s
responsible fire protection engineer and containing general qualitative project
information that has been agreed upon by the stakeholders. As a minimum, the
design brief includes the project scope, facility and occupant characteristics,
project goals and objectives, performance criteria, design fire scenarios,
technical references and resources, two trial designs, documentation of project
design engineers and their qualifications, and a record of agreement on the
aforementioned components.
D-3.1.1
General Project Information. This section describes the
boundaries of the performance-based design as agreed upon by all stakeholders,
and includes realistic and sustainable design information regarding building use,
design purpose and approach, project constraints, and applicable regulations.
The project budget should be clearly defined, so that the limitations and available
budget for the proposed solutions can be known.
D-95
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17 April 2003
ED
D-3.1.2
Facility and Occupant Characteristics. The facility characteristics
include an accurate and complete description of the building construction,
operations, systems, physical contents and occupants. The occupant
characteristic description includes the number, age, facility familiarity, gender,
occupant loading, and potential for self-preservation of a facility’s occupants.
Accurately identify any necessary occupant response and interaction needed to
provide hazard mitigation or securing of specific process or operational
equipment. The occupant load is the maximum number of people realistically
expected to occupy an area, as agreed upon by the stakeholders, but not less
than the prescriptive occupant load densities of NFPA 101.
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L
D-3.1.3
Goals. Detail and document the goals of life safety, property
protection, continuity of operations, and the limitation of the environmental impact
of the fire, as defined by NFPA 101, and as additionally defined by the
stakeholders. Adequately address the allied fire safety goals of historic
preservation and environmental protection from fire protection measures.
Identify each goal - realistically, quantifiably, and remaining constant throughout
the design process. Address each goal by each proposed trial design,
regardless of the goal’s individual importance.
D-3.1.4
Objectives and Acceptable Levels of Risk. Clearly identify
stakeholder and design objectives associated with each of the required and userdefined goals.
AN
C
D-3.1.4.1 Stakeholder
objectives are the specific project objectives based
upon agreed fire safety goals and should be stated in terms of objectives,
functional statements, or performance objectives. Stakeholders’ objectives may
be defined in terms of acceptable or sustainable loss or in terms of an acceptable
level of risk. Where a design requires the determination of an acceptable level of
risk, the authority having jurisdiction must ensure that the appropriate
stakeholders make the determination. The level of risk may affect an entire
base/community/command; therefore it is essential to ensure the person
determining the level of risk is authorized to do so.
C
D-3.1.4.2
Design objectives are developed by the design engineer based on
the stakeholder objectives, and is stated in engineering terms. Use design
objectives as the basis for the development of performance criteria, against
which the predicted performance of a trial design will be evaluated.
D-3.1.5
Performance Criteria. Develop quantitative performance criteria
to represent the intent of each design objective and retained prescriptive
requirement. Completely describe and document these criteria. The
performance criteria reflect the event consequences that need to be avoided to
fulfill the design objectives, and include realistic values that are capable of being
evaluated or measured using existing engineering tools and methods.
D-96
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
D-3.1.5.1
The performance criteria must be a combination of the life safety
and property protection criterion, along with criteria developed from stakeholder
objectives.
NOTE: NFPA 101, Life Safety Code and the SFPE Engineering
Guide to Performance-Based Fire Protection Analysis and Design of Buildings
provide guidance regarding the development and evaluation of appropriate
performance criteria.
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ED
D-3.1.6
Design Fire Scenarios. Document complete descriptions of the
reasoning, intent, and details of all required and stakeholder defined fire
scenarios. Use realistic and accurate fire scenarios, with respect to all fire
elements, including initial fire location, early rate of growth in fire severity, and
smoke generation. Indicate in the description of the fire scenarios all applicable
data, characteristics and assumptions, which must remain consistent between all
fire scenarios. Ensure the omission of certain details will not reduce the reality of
the proposed design fire scenario. The design engineer must justify any design
fire scenario data that is omitted or cannot be considered by available evaluation
methods, and this justification must be noted and approved by the authority
having jurisdiction.
C
AN
C
D-3.1.7
Technical References and Resources [Methods of Evaluation].
Thoroughly document all technical references, including methodologies, data and
sources. Identify the scientific basis of each engineering calculation method or
model. Develop, review and validate these methods using a consensus, peerreview process, or obtain from resource publications. Where the chosen
methods do not permit the incorporation of all data or do not accurately address
the incorporation of the data, perform a sensitivity analysis for any design,
performance criteria, or fire scenario data that cannot be included or used in the
chosen methods. Address all degrees of conservatism and factors of safety, and
clearly identify the limitations of the calculation methods. Any method whose
outcome is significantly altered by the omission of trial design or fire scenario
details will not be approved, and the omission of critical data is prohibited. The
use of proprietary and non-peer reviewed data or source is not permitted. The
authority having jurisdiction must approve the assessment methods, data, and
sources, and confirm the validity of all technical references and resources prior to
the design evaluation. Provide the technical reviewer, upon request, any
technical references or resources.
D-3.1.7.1
The performance criteria must be capable of being proved or
measured using existing engineering tools and methods.
D-3.1.8
Trial Designs. Identify and document the general details, including
the proposed construction, systems, and protection methods. Include in the
documentation the safety factors associated with each trial design, as agreed
upon by the stakeholders. Clearly identify the impact of the safety factors so that
a reasonable decision can be made as to whether their level is appropriate and
D-97
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
sufficient. State any retained prescriptive requirements. Where the interaction of
emergency response personnel is a designed protection method, accurately
identify and confirm the impact and responsibility of the emergency personnel.
D-3.1.8.1
The performance criteria must be equally considered and
addressed by each trial design against each fire scenario
D-3.1.8.2
Evaluate each trial design in each fire scenario using the agreed
upon performance criteria.
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ED
D-3.1.9
Project Team and Qualifications. Provide the qualifications and
contact information for the entire design team, including the responsible fire
protection engineer as part of the required documentation. A performance-based,
fire-safety design must be prepared by a registered fire protection engineer with
experience in performance-based fire safety design and specific experience with
the engineering tools and methodologies that are anticipated for a particular
project.
C
D-3.2
Performance-Based Fire Safety Design Report. This
documentation must be prepared by the responsible fire protection engineer, and
used for general guidance. Indicate the building was designed using a
performance-based fire safety design approach, and should convey the expected
hazards, risks, and system performance over the entire building life-cycle.
Include the project scope, design goals and objectives, performance criteria,
design fire scenarios, critical design assumptions, critical design features, final
design, cost benefit analysis, design engineer’s qualifications and capabilities,
and data and evaluation method references.
C
AN
D-3.2.1
Cost Benefit. The performance-based fire safety design report
must indicate how the performance-based design maximizes the benefits/cost
ratio while maintaining a level of safety equivalent to the established prescriptive
requirements. A performance-based design must not be undertaken where the
prescriptive requirements provide the same level of safety for a lesser cost.
When there exists multiple acceptable proposed design scenarios, the cost
benefit analysis should aid in the identification and determination of the best
solution.
D-3.3
Building O&M Documentation. The responsible fire protection
engineer must produce Building Operation and Maintenance documentation for
the facility based on the objectives, performance criteria, limitations, and final
design. Include all associated specifications and design drawings, and a
description of the required maintenance procedures that need to be performed to
ensure continued compliance with performance-based fire safety design.
D-3.4
Warrant of Fitness. The host-tenant agreement must require that
an annual warrant of fitness be prepared for any subsystem, system, or facility
that has been designed using performance-based fire safety design methods.
D-98
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Submit this warrant to the authority having jurisdiction for review and assurance
that the current facility characteristics comply with the requirements of the
approved performance design. This warrant should reflect any existing or
proposed changes in building occupancy, operation, features, systems, or
emergency personnel response. Where emergency response is a critical element
in the accepted fire safety design, reevaluate the design when changes are made
to the operational procedures, location, or structure of the emergency response
personnel.
EL
L
ED
D-4
REVIEW OF TRIAL DESIGNS. Provide every performance-based
fire safety design with a technical review, and develop a Review Brief. Analyze
each trial design to determine the compliance with the required performance
criteria. The reviewer must be an individual capable of providing a thorough
evaluation of the proposed design, and must have the same minimum
qualifications as the design fire protection engineer. If the authority responsible
for the review of the performance-based fire safety design does not have the
required qualifications, they must direct the designer to submit the design to a
qualified third party for review.
C
D-4.1
Third Party Review. When required, an assigned third party must
provide an objective review of the project, and must not provide the actual fire
safety design. When a third party is reviewing the design, the authority having
jurisdiction remains a stakeholder and ultimately is responsible for the approval
of the final design. When a review is assigned to a third party, provide the
authority having jurisdiction with a Review Brief.
AN
D-4.2
Compliant Fire Safety Design. A compliant fire safety design
must meet the stated performance criteria when subjected to each design fire
scenario. A subsystem, system or facility design that complies with all
requirements of the applicable prescriptive criteria is deemed as satisfying the
minimum fire safety goals and objectives, and does not need to be evaluated
against the design fire scenarios. Completely evaluate a performance-based fire
safety design that incorporates only portions of applicable prescriptive criteria, as
it is not considered to provide the minimum levels of protection.
C
D-4.2.1
Where a design does not meet the performance criteria, it may be
revised and reevaluated. The revision must not reduce any agreed upon goals,
objectives, performance criteria, or level of performance to ensure a proposed
design complies with the stated requirements. Criteria may be changed based on
additional analysis and the consideration of additional data.
D-4.3
Review Brief. The Review Brief details how each proposed design
compares with the required fire safety goals, objectives and performance criteria.
The Brief provides a brief description of the details of each trial design, the
technical resources and references, any concerns about steps in the design
process and general concerns about the designer’s performance-based fire
safety design approach. The Brief indicates the acceptability of each design, the
D-99
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
C
AN
C
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ED
reasoning for each acceptance or rejection, and which design is recommended
for final acceptance. It should also discuss levels of confidence over validation.
The Brief should indicate how personnel and property protection are considered,
which objectives the design stresses, a statement of what has been checked, the
design solution, and the entire design approach and process.
D-100
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
APPENDIX E
INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE, UNIFORM BUILDING CODE,
and NFPA 220 EQUIVALENTS
IBC
UBC
Type I - FR
Type I-B
Type II-A
Type II-B
Type III-A
Type I (443)
Type I (332)
Type II (222)
Type II - 1 Hour
Type II (111)
Type II - N
Type II (000)
Type III - 1 Hour
Type III (211)
Type III - N
Type III (200)
C
Type III-B
Type II - FR
NFPA 220
EL
L
Type I-A
ED
This table provides the corresponding types of construction from the various
codes. This table is for information only.
Type IV (HT)
Type IV (2HH)
Type V-A
Type V-1 hour
Type V (111)
Type V-N
Type V (000)
AN
Type IV (HT)
C
Type V-B
E-101
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
ACRONYMS
CDC
Child Development Center
DLA
DOD
DODI
Defense Logistics Agency
Department of Defense
Department of Defense Instruction
EM
EMCS
ESFR
ETL
Engineering Manual
Energy Monitoring and Control System
Early Suppression Fast-Response Sprinklers
Engineering Technical Letters
FAAA
FM
FPE
FRT
FS
Fire Administration Authorization Act
Factory Mutual Global
Fire Protection Engineer
Fire Retardant Treated Plywood
Flame Spread Rating
IBC
ITG
International Building Code
Interim Technical Guidance
LED
LOX
Light Emitting Diode
Liquid Oxygen
ED
ADP
AFFF
AHJ
ASTM
AT/FP
A&E
AWWA
Americans With Disabilities Act
Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility
Guidelines
Automatic Data Processing
Aqueous Film-Forming Foam
Authority Having Jurisdiction
American Society for Testing and Materials
Antiterrorism/Force Protection
Architectural and Engineering Services
American Water Works Association
C
AN
C
EL
L
ADA
ADAAG
MIL-HDBK Military
Handbook
NFPA
NIMA
NRTL
National Fire Protection Association
National Imagery and Mapping Agency
Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory
P.E.
POL
PRVs
Registered Professional Engineer
Petroleum Oil Lubricant
Pressure-Regulating Valves
ACR-102
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Smoke Developed Rating
Society of Fire Protection Engineers
UFAS
UFC
UL
USC
Uniform Federal Accessibility Standard
Unified Facilities Criteria
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
United States Code
C
AN
C
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L
ED
SD
SFPE
ACR-103
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
INDEX
14
13
13
2
32
ED
14
14
14
17
61
61
59
17, 60
13
62
6
6
5
36
27
53
62
51
CARBON DIOXIDE SYSTEMS,
Change of Occupancy,
Child Development Centers,
Child Development Facilities,
CLEAN AGENT FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS,
COAL,
COMBUSTIBLE CONSTRUCTION,
Commissaries,
Communication Cables,
Conflicts in Criteria,
Construction,
Conversion of Use,
Cooking Equipment,
Cooking Facilities,
33
3
47
47
34
65
82
81
48
5
2
3
45
44
DEPENDENT SCHOOLS,
Destratification Fans,
63
37
C
C
Bin Storage,
Bulk Tank Vehicle Parking,
Bunkers,
AN
EL
L
Access
Emergency Vehicle,
Ground,
Vehicle,
ADAAG,
AFFF,
Air Handling
Corridors,
Plenums,
Smoke and Heat Vents,
Aircraft Acoustical Enclosures,
Complete Enclosures (Hush House),
Out-of-Airframe (Test Cells),
Aircraft Direct Fueling,
Aircraft Hangars,
All-Weather Ground Access,
ANECHOIC CHAMBERS,
Antiterrorism,
AT/FP,
Authority Having Jurisdiction,
AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTION SYSTEMS,
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS,
INDEX-104
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
32
Egress,
Egress Marking,
ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOMS,
Exchanges,
Existing Construction,
Existing Facilities,
9, 10, 14
10
72
81
15
4
Facilities,
17, 29, 30, 45, 47,
55, 58, 59, 61, 62,
64, 98
20
20
46
44
45
18
47
4
18
56
46
51
45
82
81
17
48
64
58
63
8
52
71
18
17
63
63
63
C
AN
C
EL
L
Aircraft Parking,
Aircraft Refueling,
Child Development,
Cooking,
Detention or Correctional,
Drydock,
Electronic Equipment Installations,
Existing Facilities,
Family Housing,
Hazardous Waste Storage,
Libraries,
Magazines and Bunkers,
Medical,
Missile Alert,
Morale, Welfare and Recreation,
Ordnance,
Ordnance Production,
Pesticide,
Petroleum Fuel,
Refueler Vehicle,
Ship Berthing,
Storage,
Trash Collection/Disposal,
Unsprinklered,
Unsprinklered,
Vehicle Maintenance/Repair,
Vehicle Parking,
Vehicle Storage,
Warehouse, 52
Waterfront,
Family Housing,
FIRE ALARM REPORTING SYSTEMS,
Fire Department Connection,
FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
ED
DRY CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS,
INDEX-105
58
16, 18, 39, 42, 43
35
14
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
ED
32
27
33
34
32
31
33
33
32
34
31
33
21
22
23
22
22
22
22
23
27
26
26
26
62
12
17
31
6
59
AN
C
EL
L
AFFF,
Automatic Sprinkler,
Carbon Dioxide,
Clean Agent,
Dry Chemical,
Foam,
Halon 1301,
Portable,
Standpipe,
Water Mist,
Water Spray,
Wet Chemical,
Fire Pumps,
Drive,
Meters,
Requirements,
Shut Down,
Starting Arrangement,
Type,
Water Level Controls,
Fire Reporting Systems,
Fire Suppression Systems,
Retrofit,
Test Connection,
Fixed Liquid Oxygen Tanks,
Flame Spread,
Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage,
FOAM SYSTEMS,
Force Protection,
Fuel Transfer Facilities,
65
Halon 1301 systems,
HALON 1301 SYSTEMS,
HOISTWAYS,
Housing
apartment-Style Personnel,
Duplex,
Duplexes,
Family,
Garden Style Apartments,
Multi-Family,
Off-Base,
Open Bay Personnel,
Overseas,
33
33
72
C
GAS SERVICE,
39
41
40
39
39
39, 42, 43
44
38
44
INDEX-106
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
42
42
40
41, 43
61
59
59
61
62
LIBRARIES,
Life Safety,
46
4, 5, 6, 33, 38, 42,
103
ED
Single-Family Detached,
Smoke Alarms,
Towbhouse Style,
Townhouse,
Hush-House,
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS,
Hydraulic Test Systems,
Hyperbaric Chambers,
Hypobaric Chambers,
New Construction,
51
82
2
81
EL
L
Magazines,
MISSILE ALERT FACILITIES,
Modernization,
MULTISTORY BUILDINGS,
15
92
92
17
62
Parking, Vehicle,
Partitions,
Performance-Based Fire Safety Design,
Petroleum Fuel Facilities,
PETROLEUM FUEL FACILITIES,
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS,
Power Cables,
Power Generating Equipment,
Power Utilization Equipment,
Prefabricated Structures,
Primary Water Supplies,
Pulverizing Equipment,
20
9
4, 5, 104
58
58
33
48
66
66
57
21
66
Restoration,
Roof Coverings,
Roof Deck Assemblies,
3
13
13
Secondary Water Supplies,
Smoke Detection,
STANDPIPE SYSTEMS,
21
37, 38
32
C
AN
C
Ordinary Hazard Group 1,
Ordinary Hazard Group 2,
Ordnance Facilities,
Oxygen Bulk Tanks,
INDEX-107
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
Storage,
33, 39, 51, 53, 55,
56, 57
53
65
17, 55
54
55
17, 55
55
56
63
21
57
20
21
17
54
20
17
20
3
EL
L
Test Cells,
Transformers,
ED
Bin,
Coal,
Combustible Liquid,
Flam/Haz,
Flam?Haz Warehouse,
Flammable Liquid,
Hazardous Materials,
Hazardous Waste,
Liquid Oxygen,
On site Storage,
Outdoor,
Reduction in Capacity,
Replenishment of Storage,
Rubber Tire,
Rubber Tire,
Total Capacity,
Warehouse,
Yard and Outdoor,
Sustainment,
61
67
2, 36, 37
64
Vehicle Access,
13
AN
C
UFAS,
UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES,
C
Waivers,
Water Demand for Hose Streams,
Water Distribution Systems,
Backflow Prevention,
Cross connection Control,
Drawings,
Hydrants,
Mains,
Pressure-Regulating Valves,
Valves,
WATER MIST FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS,
WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS,
Water Supply
Primary,
Secondary,
WATERFRONT FACILITIES,
INDEX-108
6
16
23
25
25
23
24
23
25
23
34
31
21
21
58
UFC 3-600-01
17 April 2003
33
64
C
AN
C
EL
L
ED
WET CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS,
Windowless Structures,
INDEX-109
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