High Accuracy, Dual-Axis Digital Inclinometer and Accelerometer ADIS16209 Data Sheet

High Accuracy, Dual-Axis Digital Inclinometer and Accelerometer ADIS16209 Data Sheet
High Accuracy, Dual-Axis
Digital Inclinometer and Accelerometer
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
FEATURES
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
AUX
ADC
AUX
DAC VREF
ADIS16209
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
DUAL-AXIS
ACCELEROMETER
SIGNAL
CONDITIONING
AND
CONVERSION
CALIBRATION
AND
DIGITAL
PROCESSING
CS
SCLK
SPI
PORT
DIN
DIGITAL
CONTROL
SELF-TEST
DOUT
VDD
POWER
MANAGEMENT
ALARMS
AUXILIARY
I/O
GND
RST
DIO1 DIO2
07096-001
Dual-mode inclinometer system
Dual-axis, horizontal operation, ±90°
Single-axis, vertical operation, ±180°
High accuracy, 0.1°
Digital inclination data, 0.025° resolution
Digital acceleration data, 0.244 mg resolution
±1.7 g accelerometer measurement range
Digital temperature sensor output
Digitally controlled bias calibration
Digitally controlled sample rate
Digitally controlled frequency response
Dual alarm settings with rate/threshold limits
Auxiliary digital I/O
Digitally activated self-test
Digitally activated low power mode
SPI-compatible serial interface
Auxiliary 12-bit ADC input and DAC output
Single-supply operation: 3.0 V to 3.6 V
3500 g powered shock survivability
Figure 1.
APPLICATIONS
Platform control, stabilization, and alignment
Tilt sensing, inclinometers, leveling
Motion/position measurement
Monitor/alarm devices (security, medical, safety)
Navigation
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The ADIS16209 is a high accuracy, digital inclinometer that
accommodates both single-axis (±180°) and dual-axis (±90°)
operation. The standard supply voltage (3.3 V) and serial
peripheral interface (SPI) enable simple integration into most
industrial system designs. A simple internal register structure
handles all output data and configuration features. This
includes access to the following output data: calibrated
acceleration, accurate incline angles, power supply, internal
temperature, auxiliary analog and digital input signals,
diagnostic error flags, and programmable alarm conditions.
Rev. E
Configurable operating parameters include sample rate,
power management, digital filtering, auxiliary analog and
digital output, offset/null adjustment, and self-test for sensor
mechanical structure.
The ADIS16209 is available in a 9.2 mm × 9.2 mm × 3.9 mm
LGA package that operates over a temperature range of −40°C
to +125°C. It can be attached using standard RoHS-compliant
solder reflow processes.
Document Feedback
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other
rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700 ©2008–2015 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
Technical Support
www.analog.com
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
Typical Performance Characteristics ..............................................8
Applications ....................................................................................... 1
Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 10
Functional Block Diagram .............................................................. 1
Basic Operation .............................................................................. 11
General Description ......................................................................... 1
Output Data Registers................................................................ 12
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Operation Control Registers ..................................................... 14
Specifications..................................................................................... 3
Calibration Registers .................................................................. 17
Timing Specifications .................................................................. 5
Alarm Registers .......................................................................... 17
Timing Diagrams.......................................................................... 5
Applications Information .............................................................. 19
Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................ 6
Power Supply Considerations ................................................... 19
Thermal Resistance ...................................................................... 6
Assembly...................................................................................... 19
ESD Caution .................................................................................. 6
Interface Board ........................................................................... 20
Pin Configuration and Function Descriptions ............................. 7
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 21
Recommended Pad Geometry.................................................... 7
Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 21
REVISION HISTORY
1/15—Rev. D to Rev. E
Changes to Power Supply Considerations Section and
Assembly Section ............................................................................ 19
Deleted VDD Ramp Rate Requirements Section and Transient
Current Demand from ADIS16209 Section ............................... 19
Added Power-On Reset Function Section .................................. 19
Changes to Figure 23 ...................................................................... 20
8/09—Rev. A to Rev. B
Changes to Features Section ............................................................1
Changes to Input Low Voltage, VINL, Parameter, Table 1 ..........4
Changes to Figure 18 and Figure 19 ............................................ 10
Changes to Table 7, Table 8, and Table 10 ................................... 12
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 16
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 16
6/14—Rev. C to Rev. D
Changes to Table 2 ............................................................................ 5
Changes to Table 26 and Self-Test Section .................................. 15
Changes to Status Section .............................................................. 18
Added Power Supply Considerations Section ............................ 19
7/08—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Changes to Figure 19...................................................................... 10
Changes to Table 21 ....................................................................... 15
3/08—Revision 0: Initial Version
7/12—Rev. B to Rev. C
Changes to Endnote 5 in Table 1 .................................................... 4
Changed Digital Input/Output Voltage to GND Maximum
Rating from 5.5 V to 5.3 V .............................................................. 6
Added 0x40 to 0x49 and 0x4A Addresses to Table 6 ................. 11
Changes to Output Data Registers Section ................................ 12
Changes to Digital Filtering Section ............................................ 14
Changes to Self-Test Section ......................................................... 15
Added Applications Information Section ................................... 18
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 19
Rev. E | Page 2 of 21
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
SPECIFICATIONS
TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, tilt = 0°, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter
HORIZONTAL INCLINE
Input Range
Relative Accuracy
Sensitivity
VERTICAL ROTATION
Input Range
Relative Accuracy
Sensitivity
ACCELEROMETER
Input Range 1
Nonlinearity1
Alignment Error
Cross Axis Sensitivity
Sensitivity
ACCELEROMETER NOISE PERFORMANCE
Output Noise
Noise Density
ACCELEROMETER FREQUENCY RESPONSE
Sensor Bandwidth
Sensor Resonant Frequency
ACCELEROMETER SELF-TEST STATE 2
Output Change When Active
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Output at 25°C
Scale Factor
ADC INPUT
Resolution
Integral Nonlinearity (INL)
Differential Nonlinearity (DNL)
Offset Error
Gain Error
Input Range
Input Capacitance
ON-CHIP VOLTAGE REFERENCE
Accuracy
Reference Temperature Coefficient
Output Impedance
DAC OUTPUT
Resolution
Relative Accuracy
Differential Nonlinearity
Offset Error
Gain Error
Output Range
Output Impedance
Output Settling Time
Conditions
Each axis
Min
Typ
±90
±0.1
0.025
±30° from horizon, AVG_CNT = 0x08
±30° from horizon
Rotational plane within ±30° of vertical
−180
360° of rotation
−40°C to +85°C
Each axis
25°C
Percentage of full scale
X sensor to Y sensor
−40°C to +85°C, VDD = 3.0 V to 3.6 V
+180
±1.7
0.243
706
±0.1
±0.1
±2
0.244
±0.2
0.245
g
%
Degrees
%
mg/LSB
mg rms
mg/√Hz rms
50
5.5
Hz
kHz
1343
1973
LSB
1278
−0.47
LSB
°C/LSB
12
±2
±1
±4
±2
±40
70
Bits
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSB
V
pF
V
mV
ppm/°C
Ω
12
4
1
±5
±0.5
0 to 2.5
2
10
Bits
LSB
LSB
mV
%
V
Ω
µs
2.5
20
2.5
At 25°C
Degrees
Degrees
°/LSB
1.7
0.19
0
During acquisition
Unit
Degrees
Degrees
°/LSB
±0.25
0.025
AVG_CNT = 0x00
AVG_CNT = 0x00
At 25°C
Max
−10
+10
5 kΩ/100 pF to GND
For Code 101 to Code 4095
Rev. E | Page 3 of 21
ADIS16209
Parameter
LOGIC INPUTS
Input High Voltage, VINH
Input Low Voltage, VINL
Logic 1 Input High Current, IINH
Logic 0 Input Low Current, IINL
All Except RST
RST 3
Input Capacitance, CIN
DIGITAL OUTPUTS
Output High Voltage, VOH
Output Low Voltage, VOL
SLEEP TIMER
Timeout Period 4
START-UP TIME 5
Power-On
Reset Recovery
Sleep Mode Recovery
FLASH MEMORY
Endurance 6
Data Retention 7
CONVERSION RATE SETTING
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Voltage Range
Power Supply Current
Data Sheet
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
±0.2
0.8
±10
V
V
µA
2.0
VIH = 3.3 V
VIL = 0 V
−40
−1
10
ISOURCE = 1.6 mA
ISINK = 1.6 mA
−60
2.4
0.5
Time until data is available
Fast mode, SMPL_PRD ≤ 0x07
Normal mode, SMPL_PRD ≥ 0x08
Fast mode, SMPL_PRD ≤ 0x07
Normal mode, SMPL_PRD ≥ 0x08
3.0
Normal mode, SMPL_PRD ≥ 0x08
Fast mode, SMPL_PRD ≤ 0x07
Sleep mode, −40°C to +85°C
0.4
V
V
128
Seconds
150
190
30
70
2.5
20,000
20
1.04
TJ = 85°C
3.3
11
36
140
μA
mA
pF
ms
ms
ms
ms
ms
2731
Cycles
Years
SPS
3.6
14
42
350
V
mA
mA
µA
Guaranteed by iMEMS® packaged part testing, design, and/or characterization.
Self-test response changes as the square of VDD.
3
The RST pin has an internal pull-up.
4
Guaranteed by design.
5
The times presented in this section represent the time it takes to start producing data in the output registers, after the minimum VDD reaches 3.0 V. They do not
represent the settling time of the internal filters.
Note that for the default SENS_AVG and AVG_CNT settings, the typical settling time will be ~1.46 seconds. For faster settling times, reduce the AVG_CNT and
SMPL_PRD settings. Note that the trade-off associated with faster settling times will be noise and power.
6
Endurance is qualified as per JEDEC Standard 22 Method A117 and measured at −40°C, +25°C, +85°C, and +125°C.
7
Retention lifetime equivalent at junction temperature (TJ) 55°C as per JEDEC Standard 22 Method A117. Retention lifetime decreases with junction temperature.
1
2
Rev. E | Page 4 of 21
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, tilt = 0°, unless otherwise noted.
Table 2.
Parameter
fSCLK
tDATARATE
tSTALL
tCS
tDAV
tDSU
tDHD
tDF
tDR
tSFS
1
2
Min1
0.01
0.01
32
42
10
12
48.8
Description
Fast mode, SMPL_PRD ≤ 0x07 (fS ≥ 546 Hz)2
Normal mode, SMPL_PRD ≥ 0x08 (fS ≤ 482 Hz)2
Chip select period, fast mode, SMPL_PRD ≤ 0x07 (fS ≥ 546 Hz)2
Chip select period, normal mode, SMPL_PRD ≥ 0x08 (fS ≤ 482 Hz)2
Chip select period, fast mode, SMPL_PRD ≤ 0x07 (fS ≥ 546 Hz)2
Chip select period, normal mode, SMPL_PRD ≥ 0x08 (fS ≤ 482 Hz)2
Chip select to clock edge
Data output valid after SCLK edge
Data input setup time before SCLK rising edge
Data input hold time after SCLK rising edge
Data output fall time
Data output rise time
CS high after SCLK edge
Typ
Max
2.5
1.0
100
24.4
48.8
5
5
12.5
12.5
5
Guaranteed by design, not tested.
Note that fS means internal sample rate.
TIMING DIAGRAMS
tDATARATE
tSTALL
CS
07096-002
SCLK
tSTALL = tDATARATE – 16/fSCLK
Figure 2. SPI Chip Select Timing
CS
tCS
tSFS
1
SCLK
2
3
4
5
6
15
16
tDAV
MSB
DB14
DB13
tDSU
DIN
W/R
DB12
DB11
A4
A3
DB10
DB2
DB1
LSB
tDHD
A5
A2
D2
D1
07096-003
DOUT
LSB
Figure 3. SPI Timing
(Utilizing SPI Settings Typically Identified as Phase = 1, Polarity = 1)
DATA FRAME
CS
SCLK
W/R
WRITE = 1
READ = 0
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
REGISTER ADDRESS
A0
DC7
DC6
DC5 DC4
DC3
DC2
DC1
DATA FOR WRITE COMMANDS
DON’T CARE FOR READ COMMANDS
Figure 4. DIN Bit Sequence
Rev. E | Page 5 of 21
DC0
07096-004
DIN
Unit
MHz
MHz
μs
μs
μs
μs
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
THERMAL RESISTANCE
Table 3.
Parameter
Acceleration (Any Axis, Unpowered)
Acceleration (Any Axis, Powered)
VDD to GND
Digital Input/Output Voltage to GND
Analog Inputs to GND
Analog Inputs to GND
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Table 4. Package Characteristics
Rating
3500 g
3500 g
−0.3 V to +7.0 V
−0.3 V to +5.3 V
−0.3 to VDD + 0.3 V
−0.3 to VDD + 0.3 V
−40°C to +125°C
−65°C to +150°C
Package Type
16-Terminal LGA
ESD CAUTION
Stresses at or above those listed under Absolute Maximum
Ratings may cause permanent damage to the product. This is a
stress rating only; functional operation of the product at these
or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Operation beyond
the maximum operating conditions for extended periods may
affect product reliability.
Rev. E | Page 6 of 21
θJA
250°C/W
θJC
25°C/W
Device Weight
0.6 g
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
AUX ADC
VDD
16
VREF
GND
PIN CONFIGURATION AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
15
14
13
12
11
5
6
7
8
DIO2
DNC
DNC
TOP
LOOK THROUGH
VIEW
(Not to Scale)
DNC
RST
NOTES
1. DNC = DO NOT CONNECT TO THIS PIN.
2. THIS IS NOT AN ACTUAL TOP VIEW, BECAUSE THE PINS ARE NOT VISIBLE FROM THE TOP. THIS IS
A LAYOUT VIEW THAT REPRESENTS THE PIN CONFIGURATION IF THE PACKAGE IS LOOKED
THROUGH FROM THE TOP. THIS CONFIGURATION IS PROVIDED FOR PCB LAYOUT PURPOSES.
07096-005
ADIS16209
DIO1
3
CS
DNC
PIN 1
INDICATOR
2
DIN
4
DOUT
AUX DAC
10
AX
9
SCLK
1
AY
Figure 5. Pin Configuration
Table 5. Pin Function Descriptions
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5, 6
7, 8, 10, 11
9
12
13
14
15
16
1
Mnemonic
SCLK
DOUT
DIN
CS
DIO1, DIO2
DNC
RST
AUX DAC
VDD
AUX ADC
VREF
GND
Type 1
I
O
I
I
I/O
N/A
I
O
S
I
O
S
Description
SPI, Serial Clock.
SPI, Data Output.
SPI, Data Input.
SPI, Chip Select.
Digital Input/Output Pins.
Do not connect to this pin.
Reset, Active Low.
Auxiliary DAC Output.
Power Supply, 3.3 V.
Auxiliary ADC Input.
Precision Reference.
Ground.
S = supply; O = output; I = input.
RECOMMENDED PAD GEOMETRY
2.6955
8×
4.1865
8×
0.670
12×
8.373
2×
5.391
4×
9.2mm × 9.2mm STACKED LGA PACKAGE
Figure 6. Example of a Pad Layout
Rev. E | Page 7 of 21
07096-006
0.500
16×
1.127
16×
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
0.20
0.25
0.20
MAXIMUM
INCLINE
ERROR
0.15
0.15
0.10
ERROR (Degrees)
ERROR (Degrees)
0.10
0.05
0
–0.05
0.05
0
–0.05
–0.10
–0.10
–0.15
–0.15
–20
–10
0
10
20
30
40
INCLINATION ANGLE (Degrees)
–0.25
0
100
200
400
300
ROTATIONAL ANGLE (Degrees)
07096-021
–30
07096-018
–0.20
–40
–0.20
Figure 10. Vertical Mode Rotational Error (Eight Parts), 25°C, 3.3 V
Figure 7. Horizontal Inclination Error (Eight Parts), Autonull at Horizontal
Position, Stable Temperature, 3.3 V
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
ERROR (Degrees)
ERROR (Degrees)
0.1
0.1
0
–0.1
0
–0.1
–0.2
–0.3
–0.2
–20
0
20
40
60
80
TEMPERATURE (°C)
100
–0.5
–60
–40
–20
0
20
40
60
80
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 8. Maximum Incline Error Over a ±30° Incline Range (Eight Parts) Over
Temperature, Autonull at Horizontal Position, 25°C, 3.3 V
100
07096-022
–40
07096-019
–0.3
–60
–0.4
Figure 11. Vertical Mode Error (Eight Parts) vs. Temperature, 0° to 360°, 3.3 V
0.3
0.15
0.2
0.10
0.1
ERROR (Degrees)
0
–0.05
–0.10
0
–0.1
–0.2
–0.3
–0.15
–0.4
3.0
3.3
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
3.6
–0.5
07096-020
–0.20
3.0
3.3
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 9. Maximum Incline Error Over a ±30° Incline Range (Eight Parts) Over
Supply Voltage, Autonull Horizontal Position, 25°C, 3.3 V
3.6
07096-023
ERROR (Degrees)
0.05
Figure 12. Vertical Mode Error (Eight Parts) vs. Supply Voltage, 0° to 360°, 25°C
Rev. E | Page 8 of 21
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
3.5
VDD = 3.0V, 3.3V, 3.6V
TEMP = –40°C, +25°C, +85°C
3.0
25
2.5
ERROR (Degrees)
20
15
10
5
1.5
–0.38
–0.26
–0.14
–0.02
0.10
0.22
0.34
0.46
SENSITIVITY ERROR (%)
0
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
–6.0
–4.4
–2.8
–1.2
0.4
2.0
3.6
5.2
BIAS ERROR (mg)
07096-014
2
0
20
30
40
50
60
70
Figure 15. Error vs. Off-Vertical Tilt, 25°C, 3.3 V
VDD = 3.0V, 3.3V, 3.6V
TEMP = –40°C, +25°C, +85°C
18
10
OFF-VERTICAL TILT (Degrees)
Figure 13. Accelerometer Output Sensitivity Error Distribution
20
0
Figure 14. Accelerometer Output Bias Error Distribution
Rev. E | Page 9 of 21
80
90
07096-015
0.5
0
–0.50
PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION (%)
2.0
1.0
07096-013
PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION (%)
30
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
THEORY OF OPERATION
The ADIS16209 tilt sensing system uses gravity as its only
stimulus, and a MEMS accelerometer as its sensing element.
MEMS accelerometers typically employ a tiny, spring-loaded
structure that is interlaced with a fixed pick-off finger structure.
The spring constant of the floating structure determines how
far it moves when subjected to a force. This structure responds
to dynamic forces associated with acceleration and to static
forces, such as gravity.
θx
GRAVITY = 1g
HORIZON
Figure 16. Single-Axis Tilt Theory Diagram
ay
θx
θx
HORIZON
Figure 17. Dual-Axis Tilt Theory Diagram
1
5
4
8
1 16
13
12
9 12
13
8
8 9
5
16
4
5
0° ≤ XINCL_OUT ≤ 90°
YINCL_OUT = 0°
XINCL_OUT = 0°
YINCL_OUT = 0°
9
07096-011
4
07096-008
ax
0° TILT
LEVEL PLANE
13
12
07096-007
θx
Figure 16 and Figure 17 illustrate how the accelerometer
responds to gravity, according to its orientation, with respect
to gravity. Figure 16 displays the configuration for the incline
angle outputs, and Figure 17 displays the configuration used
for the rotational angle position. This configuration provides
greater measurement range than a single axis. The ADIS16209
incorporates the signal processing circuit that converts acceleration into an incline angle, and it corrects for several known
error sources that would otherwise degrade the accuracy level.
1 16
ax
XINCL_OUT = 0°
0° ≤ YINCL_OUT ≤ 90°
0°
+30°
+90°
+120°
+180°
–150°
–90°
–60°
XACCL_OUT
–1g
–0.866g
0g
0.5g
+1g
+0.866g
0g
–0.5g
YACCL_OUT
0g
+0.5g
+1g
+0.866g
0g
–0.5g
–1g
–0.866g
NOTES
1. ROT_OUT = 180° IS 1 LSB DIFFERENT THAN ROT_OUT = –179.975°.
Figure 19. Vertical Angle Orientation
Rev. E | Page 10 of 21
07096-012
16209
ROT_OUT
16209
1g
16209
GRAVITY
9
20
16
9
20
16
9
20
16
16209
9
20
16
Figure 18. Horizontal Incline Angle Orientation
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
BASIC OPERATION
ADIS16209
CS
SCLK
EMBEDDED
PROCESSOR/
DSP/FPGA
PF
SCK
DIN
MOSI
DOUT
MISO
07096-009
The ADIS16209 requires only power/ground and SPI connections. The SPI is simple to hook up and is supported by many
common digital hardware platforms. Figure 20 provides a
simple hook-up diagram, while Table 2, Figure 2, and Figure 3
provide timing and bit assignments. Figure 4 provides the bit
sequence for accessing the register memory structure. Each
function within the ADIS16209 has its own 16-bit, 2-byte register. Each byte has its own unique 6-bit address. Note that
all 16 SCLK cycles are required for the DIN bit sequence to
configure the output for the next data frame. The ADIS16209
supports full duplex mode operation. Table 6 provides the
entire user register map for the ADIS16209. For each register,
the lower bytes address is given. For those registers that have
two bytes, the upper bytes address is simply the lower bytes
address, incremented by 0x01.
Figure 20. Typical SPI Hook-Up
Many of the configuration registers have also been assigned
mirror locations in the flash memory, which effectively provide
them with a backup storage function. To ensure the backup of
these registers, the COMMAND register provides an initiation
bit for manual flash updates. The ENDURANCE register
provides a running count of these events.
Table 6. User Register Map
Name
ENDURANCE
SUPPLY_OUT
XACCL_OUT
YACCL_OUT
AUX_ADC
TEMP_OUT
XINCL_OUT
YINCL_OUT
ROT_OUT
XACCL_NULL
YACCL_NULL
XINCL_NULL
YINCL_NULL
ROT_NULL
R/W
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Flash Backup
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ALM_MAG1
ALM_MAG2
ALM_SMPL1
ALM_SMPL2
ALM_CTRL
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
AUX_DAC
GPIO_CTRL
MSC_CTRL
SMPL_PRD
AVG_CNT
SLP_CNT
STATUS
COMMAND
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
W
R
W
PROD_ID
R
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Address
0x00
0x02
0x04
0x06
0x08
0x0A
0x0C
0x0E
0x10
0x12
0x14
0x16
0x18
0x1A
0x1C to 0x1F
0x20
0x22
0x24
0x26
0x28
0x2A to 0x2F
0x30
0x32
0x34
0x36
0x38
0x3A
0x3C
0x3E
0x40 to 0x49
0x4A
Size (Bytes)
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
2
2
2
2
2
6
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
10
2
Function
Diagnostics, flash write counter (16-bit binary)
Output, power supply
Output, x-axis acceleration
Output, y-axis acceleration
Output, auxiliary ADC
Output, temperature
Output, ±90° x-axis inclination
Output, ±90° y-axis inclination
Output, ±180° vertical rotational position
Calibration, x-axis acceleration offset null
Calibration, y-axis acceleration offset null
Calibration, x-axis inclination offset null
Calibration, y-axis inclination offset null
Calibration, vertical rotation offset null
Reserved, do not write to these locations
Alarm 1, amplitude threshold
Alarm 2, amplitude threshold
Alarm 1, sample period
Alarm 2, sample period
Alarm, source control register
Reserved
Auxiliary DAC data
Operation, digital I/O configuration and data
Operation, data-ready and self-test control
Operation, sample rate configuration
Operation, filter configuration
Operation, sleep mode control
Diagnostics, system status register
Operation, system command register
Reserved
Product identification = 0x3F51
Rev. E | Page 11 of 21
Reference
Table 18
Table 8
Table 9
Table 20
Table 16
Table 11
Table 12
Table 14
Table 30
Table 30
Table 31
Table 31
Table 31
Table 32
Table 32
Table 33
Table 33
Table 34
Table 28
Table 27
Table 26
Table 22
Table 24
Table 23
Table 35
Table 29
N/A
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
OUTPUT DATA REGISTERS
Table 7 provides the data configuration for each output data
register in the ADIS16209. Starting with the MSB of the upper
byte, each output data register has the following bit sequence:
new data (ND) flag, error/alarm (EA) flag, followed by 14 data
bits. The data bits are LSB justified, and in the case of the 12-bit
data formats, the remaining two bits are not used. The ND flag
indicates that unread data resides in the output data registers.
This flag clears and returns to 0 during an output register read
sequence. It returns to 1 after the next internal sample update
cycle completes. The EA flag indicates an error condition. The
STATUS register contains all of the error flags and provides the
ability to investigate the root cause.
Table 7. Output Data Register Formats
Register
SUPPLY_OUT
XACCL_OUT
YACCL_OUT
AUX_ADC
TEMP_OUT
XINCL_OUT2
YINCL_OUT2
ROT_OUT3
Bits
14
14
14
12
12
14
14
14
Format
Binary, 3.3 V = 0x2A3D
Twos complement
Twos complement
Binary, 2 V = 0x0CCC
Binary, 25°C = 0x04FE
Twos complement
Twos complement
Twos complement
Scale1
0.30518 mV
0.24414 mg
0.24414 mg
0.6105 mV
−0.47°C
0.025°
0.025°
0.025°
1
Scale denotes quantity per LSB.
2
Range is −90° to +90°.
3
Range is −179.975° to +180°.
Accelerometers
The accelerometers respond to both static (gravity) and
dynamic acceleration using the polarity shown in Figure 21.
AY
0° TILT
LEVEL PLANE
1 16
AX
13
12
5
Table 8. XACCL_OUT (Base Address = 0x04), Read Only
Bits
15
14
[13:0]
Bits
15
14
[13:0]
Description
New data bit = 1, when register contains un-read data
Error/alarm = 1, when STATUS ≠ 0x0000
y-axis accelerometer output data, twos complement,
1 LSB = 0.24414 mg, 0 g = 0x0000
Table 10. Accelerometer Data Format Examples
Acceleration (g)
+1.7
+1.0
+0.00048828
+0.00024414
0
−0.00024414
−0.00048828
−1.0
−1.7
8 9
XINCL_OUT = 0°
YINCL_OUT = 0°
Description
New data bit = 1, when register contains un-read data
Error/alarm = 1, when STATUS ≠ 0x0000
x-axis accelerometer output data, twos complement,
1 LSB = 0.24414 mg, 0 g = 0x0000
Table 9. YACCL_OUT (Base Address = 0x06), Read Only
07096-024
4
The XACCL_OUT (see Table 8) and YACCL_OUT (see
Table 9) registers provide access to acceleration data for each
axis. For example, set DIN = 0x0400 to request data from the
x-axis register on the next 16-bit SPI sequence. After reading
the contents of one of these registers, mask off the upper two
bits, convert the remaining 14-bit, twos complement number
into a decimal equivalent, and then multiply that number by
0.025 to convert the measurement into units of angle (mg).
Table 10 provides several examples of this data format.
Figure 21. Accelerometer Polarity
Rev. E | Page 12 of 21
Decimal
+6,963
+4,096
+2
+1
0
−1
−2
−4096
−27,853
Hex
0x1B33
0x1000
0x0002
0x0001
0x0000
0x3FFF
0xFFFE
0x3000
0xE4CD
Binary
xx01 1011 0011 0011
xx01 0000 0000 0000
xx00 0000 0000 0010
xx00 0000 0000 0001
xx00 0000 0000 0000
xx11 1111 1111 1111
xx11 1111 1111 1110
xx11 0000 0000 0000
xx10 0100 1100 1101
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
Horizontal Incline Angle
Table 15. Vertical Incline Angle Data Format Examples
The XINCL_OUT (see Table 11) and YINCL_OUT (see
Table 12) registers provide access to acceleration data for each
axis. For example, set DIN = 0x0400 to request data from the
x-axis register on the next 16-bit SPI sequence. After reading
the contents of one of these registers, mask off the upper two
bits, convert the remaining 14-bit, twos complement number
into a decimal equivalent, and then multiply that number by
0.025 to convert the measurement into units of angle (°).
Table 13 provides several examples of this data format.
Internal Temperature
Table 11. XINCL_OUT (Base Address = 0x0C), Read Only
Bits
15
14
[13:0]
Description
New data bit = 1, when register contains un-read data
Error/alarm = 1, when STATUS ≠ 0x0000
x-axis inclinometer output data, twos complement,
0° = 0x0000, 1 LSB = 0.025°/LSB, ±90° range
Table 12. YINCL_OUT (Base Address = 0x0E), Read Only
Bits
15
14
[13:0]
Description
New data bit = 1, when register contains un-read data
Error/alarm = 1, when STATUS ≠ 0x0000
y-axis inclinometer output data, twos complement,
0° = 0x0000, 1 LSB = 0.025°/LSB, ±90° range
Table 13. Horizontal Incline Angle Data Format Examples
Orientation
+90° − 0.025°
+0.05°
+0.025°
0°
−0.025°
−0.05°
−90°
Decimal
+3,599
+2
+1
0
−1
−2
−3,600
Hex
0x0E0F
0x0002
0x0001
0x0000
0x3FFF
0x3FFE
0x31F1
Binary
0000 1110 0000 1111
xx00 0000 0000 0010
xx00 0000 0000 0001
xx00 0000 0000 0000
xx11 1111 1111 1111
xx11 1111 1111 1110
xx11 0001 1111 0001
Orientation
+180° − 0.025°
+0.05°
+0.025°
0°
−0.025°
−0.05°
−180°
Decimal
+7,199
+2
+1
0
−1
−2
−7,200
Hex
0x1C1F
0x0002
0x0001
0x0000
0x3FFF
0x3FFE
0x23E0
Binary
xx01 1100 0001 1111
xx00 0000 0000 0010
xx00 0000 0000 0001
xx00 0000 0000 0000
xx11 1111 1111 1111
xx11 1111 1111 1110
xx10 0011 1110 0000
The TEMP_OUT register (see Table 16) provides access to an
internal temperature measurement. Set DIN = 0x0A00 to
request the contents of this register. Mask off the upper four
bits, then convert the remaining 12-bit binary number into a
decimal equivalent, subtract 1278, multiply it by −0.47 and add
25 to convert this number into °C. See Table 17 for examples of
this format. Note that this internal temperature measurement
provides an indicator of condition changes, not an absolute
measurement of conditions outside of the package.
Table 16. TEMP_OUT (Base Address = 0x0A), Read Only
Bits
[15:0]
Description
Internal temperature data, binary format,
sensitivity = −0.47°/LSB, 25°C = 1278 LSB = 0x04FE
Table 17. Internal Temperature Data Format Examples
Temperature (°C)
+125
25 + 0.47
+25
25 − 0.047
0
−40
LSB
1065
1277
1278
1279
1331
1416
Hex
0x0429
0x04FD
0x04FE
0x04FF
0x0533
0x0588
Binary
xxxx 0100 0010 1001
xxxx 0100 1111 1101
xxxx 0100 1111 1110
xxxx 0100 1111 1111
xxxx 0101 0011 0011
xxxx 0101 1000 1000
Vertical Incline Angle
Power Supply
The ROT_OUT register (see Table 14) provides access to incline
angle data for each axis. For example, set DIN = 0x1000 to
request data from this register on the next 16-bit SPI sequence.
After reading the contents of one of these registers, mask off the
upper two bits, convert the remaining 14-bit, twos complement
number into a decimal equivalent, and then multiply that
number by 0.025 to convert the measurement into units of
angle (°). Table 15 provides several examples of this data format.
The SUPPLY_OUT register (see Table 18) provides a digital
measurement for the supply voltage on the VDD pins (see
Figure 5). Set DIN = 0x0200 to request the contents of this
register. See Table 19 for examples of this data format.
Table 14. ROT_OUT (Base Address = 0x10), Read Only
Bits
15
14
[13:0]
Description
New data bit = 1, when register contains un-read data
Error/alarm = 1, when STATUS ≠ 0x0000
Vertical inclinometer output data, twos complement,
0° = 0x0000, 1 LSB = 0.025°/LSB, ±180° range
Table 18. SUPPLY_OUT (Base Address = 0x02), Read Only
Bits
15
14
[15:0]
Description
New data bit = 1, when register contains un-read data
Error/alarm = 1, when STATUS ≠ 0x0000
Power supply measurement data, binary format,
1 LSB = 0.00030518 V, 0 V = 0x0000
Table 19. Power Supply Data Format Examples
Supply Level (V)
3.6
3.3 + 0.00030518
3.3
3.3 − 0.00030518
3.0
Rev. E | Page 13 of 21
LSB
11,796
10,814
10,813
10,812
9,830
Hex
0x2E14
0x2A3E
0x2A3D
0x2A3C
0x2666
Binary
xx10 1110 0001 0100
xx10 1010 0011 1110
xx10 1010 0011 1101
xx10 1010 0011 1100
xx10 0110 0110 0110
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
Auxiliary ADC
Table 23. SLP_CNT Bit Descriptions
The AUX_ADC register (see Table 20) provides a digital
measurement for the AUX_ADC input pin (see Figure 5).
Set DIN = 0x0800 to request the contents of this register.
See Table 21 for examples of this data format.
Bit
15:8
7:0
Table 20. AUX_ADC (Base Address = 0x08), Read Only
Bits
15
14
[13:12]
[15:0]
Description
New data bit = 1, when register contains un-read data
Error/alarm = 1, when STATUS ≠ 0x0000
Not used
Auxiliary ADC data, binary format,
1 LSB = 0.0006105 V, 0 V = 0x0000
Table 21. Auxiliary ADC Data Format Examples
Supply Level (V)
2.5
0.001221
0.0006105
0
LSB
4095
2
1
0
Hex
0xFFF
0x002
0x001
0x000
Binary
xxxx 1111 1111 1111
xxxx 0000 0000 0010
xxxx 0000 0000 0001
xxxx 0000 0000 0000
OPERATION CONTROL REGISTERS
Internal Sample Rate
The SMPL_PRD register controls the ADIS16209 internal sample
rate and has two parts: a selectable time base and a multiplier. The
following relationship produces the sample rate:
Description
Not used
Data bits, 0.5 seconds/LSB
For example, writing 0x08 to the SLP_CNT register places the
ADIS16209 into sleep mode for 4 sec. The only way to stop this
process is to remove power or reset the device.
Digital Filtering
The AVG_CNT register controls the moving average digital filter,
which determines the size of the moving average filter in eight
power-of-two step sizes (that is, 2M = 1, 2, 4, 16, 32, 64, 128, and
256). Filter setup requires one simple step: write the appropriate
M factor to the assigned bits in the AVG_CNT register. Note
that the default settings for AVG_CNT and SMPL_PRD provide
the best accuracy but require approximately 1.46 seconds to
settle.
Table 24. AVG_CNT Bit Descriptions
Bit
15:4
3:0
Description
(Default = 0x0008)
Not used
Power-of-two step size, maximum binary value = 1000
The following equation offers a frequency response relationship
for this filter:
HA( f ) =
tS = tB × NS + 122.07 µs
sin(π × N × f × t S )
N × sin(π × f × t S )
20
Table 22. SMPL_PRD Bit Descriptions
Description
(Default = 0x0014)
Not used
Time base (tB): 0 = 244.14 µs, 1 = 7.568 ms
Increment setting (NS)
An example calculation of the default sample period follows:
SMPL_PRD = 0x01, B7 − B0 = 00000001
N=4
0
N = 16
N = 128
MAGNITUDE (dB)
Bit
15:8
7
6:0
(Default = 0x0000)
B7 = 0 → tB = 244.14 µs, B6 … B0 = 000000001 → NS = 1
–20
–40
–60
–80
–100
0.001
fS = 1∕tS = 2731 SPS
The sample rate setting has a direct impact on the SPI data
rate capability. For sample rates ≥546 SPS, the SPI SCLK can
run at a rate up to 2.5 MHz. For sample rates <546 SPS, the SPI
SCLK can run at a rate up to 1 MHz. The sample rate setting
also affects power dissipation. When the sample rate is set to
<546 SPS, power dissipation typically reduces by a factor
of 68%. The two different modes of operation offer a systemlevel trade-off between performance (sample rate, serial transfer
rate) and power dissipation.
Power Management
In addition to offering two different performance modes for
power optimization, the ADIS16209 offers a programmable
shutdown period that the SLP_CNT register controls.
0.01
07096-010
tS = tB × NS + 122.07 µs = 244.14 × 1 + 122.07 = 366.21 µs
0.1
f/fS
Figure 22. Frequency Response—Moving Average Filter
Digital I/O Lines
The ADIS16209 provides two general-purpose, digital
input/output lines that have several configuration options.
Table 25. Digital I/O Line Configuration Registers
Function
Data-Ready I/O Indicator
Alarm Indicator
General-Purpose I/O Configuration
General-Purpose I/O Line Communication
Rev. E | Page 14 of 21
Priority
1
2
3
Register
MSC_CTRL
ALM_CTRL
GPIO_CTRL
GPIO_CTRL
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
Data-Ready I/O Indicator
1.
The MSC_CTRL register provides controls for a data-ready
function. For example, writing 0x05 to this register enables this
function and establishes DIO2 as an active-low, data-ready line.
The duty cycle is 25% (±10% tolerance).
Table 26. MSC_CTRL Bit Descriptions
Bit
15:11
10
9
8
7:3
2
1
0
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Not used
Self-test at power-on: 1 = disabled, 0 = enabled
Not used
Self-test enable: 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled
Not used
Data-ready enable: 1 = enabled, 0 = disabled
Data-ready polarity: 1 = active high, 0 = active low
Data-ready line select: 1 = DIO2, 0 = DIO1
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Self-Test
The self-test function applies an electrostatic force to the MEMS
structure, inside of the core sensor, which causes the structure
to move in a manner that simulates its response to gravity or
linear acceleration. This provides an observable response in
the accelerometer outputs that can serve as a validation of
functional operation throughout the entire signal chain. The
MSC_CTRL register (Table 29) provides two different options
for using this function: manual (user-command) and automatic
(during start-up/reset recovery).
The manual self-test control is an on/off control for the
electrostatic force. Set MSC_CTRL[8] = 1 to turn it on and set
MSC_CTRL[8] = 0 to turn it off. For normal operation, this will
be in the off state but this control bit provides an opportunity to
activate it at any time, so that system processors can apply
application-relevant pass/fail criteria to the responses. When
MSC_CTRL[10] = 1, the automatic self-test process runs during
the power-on process. This runs the ADIS16209 through on/off
states for the self-test, while observing the difference in
accelerometer response. This process concludes with a
comparison of the differential response in each accelerometer,
with internal pass/fail limits and a report of the result to
STATUS[5]. Once the ADIS16209 completes is its start-up
process, STATUS is available for a SPI-driven read, using DIN =
0x3C00 as the SPI input command (STATUS at Address 0x3C).
9.
Set AVG_CNT = 0x0000 and SMPL_PRD = 0x0008, to
optimize the response times during the self-test transitions,
while keeping the ADIS16209 in low power mode. In this
configuration, the self-test response will be similar to a step
response of a single-pole, low-pass filter that has a cutoff
frequency of 50 Hz.
Read XACCL_OUT and YACCL_OUT.
Set MSC_CTRL[8] = 1.
Delay > 20 ms, which provides the 50 Hz filter (internal to
ADIS16209) with at least six time constants to settle.
Read XACCL_OUT and YACCL_OUT.
Calculate difference in measurements:
• D-XACCL_OUT = XACCL_OUT (Step 6) −
XACCL_OUT (Step 3)
• D-YACCL_OUT = YACCL_OUT (Step 6) −
YACCL_OUT (Step 3)
Set MSC_CTRL[8] = 0.
Restore the SMPL_PRD and AVG_CNT registers to their
operational values.
Determine normal operation by making sure that the
D-XACCL_OUT and D-YACCL_OUT produced a change
of at least 350 LSB.
The 350 LSB pass/fail limit is approximately one-half of the data
sheet specification for the minimum response time and is well
above the noise floor. Because the purpose of this function is
to identify gross functional issues, such as a zero response, this
is a safe approach, given a stable platform and supply. When
experiencing modest motion, some of the parameters may
need further consideration to account for application-specific
conditions.
Linear motion during the start-up process, VDD ramp
rates/waveform and the tilt of the device can introduce
uncertainty into the on/off levels and in some cases, cause a
false failure report to STATUS[5] (result = 0x0020). While the
selection of the pass/fail limits incorporates most conditions,
false failures are still possible
When presented with a self-test failure indication, where
STATUS > 0x0020, use the following process to test for basic
function. This process assumes a stable power supply voltage
and zero motion.
Rev. E | Page 15 of 21
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
General-Purpose I/O
Global Commands
The GPIO_CTRL register controls the direction and data of the
general-purpose digital lines, DIO1 and DIO2. For example,
writing a 0x02 to the GPIO_CTRL register sets DIO2 as an
output line and DIO1 as an input line. Reading the data bits in
GPIO_CTRL reveals the line logic level.
The COMMAND register provides initiation bits for several
commands that simplify many common operations. Writing a 1
to the assigned COMMAND bit exercises its function.
Table 27. GPIO_CTRL Bit Descriptions
Bit
15:10
9
8
7:2
1
0
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Not used
General-Purpose I/O Line 2 data
General-Purpose I/O Line 1 data
Not used
General-Purpose I/O Line 2, data direction control:
1 = output, 0 = input
General-Purpose I/O Line 1, data direction control:
1 = output, 0 = input
Auxiliary DAC
The auxiliary DAC provides a 12-bit level adjustment function.
The AUX_DAC register controls the operation of the auxiliary
DAC function, which is useful for systems that require analog
level controls. It offers a rail-to-rail buffered output that has a
range of 0 V to 2.5 V. The DAC can drive its output to within
5 mV of the ground reference when it is not sinking current.
As the output approaches ground, the linearity begins to degrade
(100 LSB beginning point). As the sink current increases, the
nonlinear range increases. The DAC output latch function,
contained in the COMMAND register, provides continuous
operation while writing to each byte of this register. The
contents of this register are volatile, which means that the
desired output level must be set after every reset and power
cycle event.
Table 29. COMMAND Bit Descriptions
Bit
15:8
7
6:5
4
3
2
1
0
The software reset command restarts the internal processor,
which loads all registers with the contents in their flash memory
locations.
Table 28. AUX_DAC Bit Descriptions
Bit
15:12
11:0
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Not used
Software reset
Not used
Clear status register (reset all bits to 0)
Flash update; backs up all registers, see Table 6
DAC data latch
Factory calibration restore
Autonull
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Not used
Data bits, scale factor = 0.6105 mV/code
Offset binary format, 0 V = 0 codes
Rev. E | Page 16 of 21
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
The flash update copies the contents of all the flash backup
registers into their assigned, nonvolatile flash memory locations. This process takes approximately 50 ms and requires a
power supply that is within the specified operating range. After
waiting the appropriate time for the flash update to complete,
verify successful completion by reading the STATUS register (if
successful, the flash update error is 0). If the flash update was
not successful, reading this error bit accomplishes two things: it
alerts the system processor to try again, and it clears the error
flag, which is required for flash memory access.
The DAC data latch command loads the contents of AUX_DAC
into the DAC latches. Because the AUX_DAC contents must be
updated one byte at a time, this command ensures a stable DAC
output voltage during updates.
The autonull command provides a simple method for removing
offset from the sensor outputs. This command takes the
contents of the output data registers and loads the equal but
opposite number into the offset calibration registers. The
accuracy of this operation depends on zero force, zero motion,
and optimal noise management during the measurement (see
the Digital Filtering section). The factory calibration restore sets
the offset null registers (XACCL_NULL, for example) back to
their default values.
ALARM REGISTERS
The alarm function provides monitoring for two independent
conditions. The ALM_CTRL register provides control inputs
for data source, data filtering (prior to comparison), static/
dynamic, and output indicator configurations. The ALM_MAGx
registers establish the trigger threshold and polarity configurations. The ALM_SMPLx registers provide the numbers of
samples to use in the dynamic rate-of-change configuration.
The rate-of-change calculation is
YC =
1
N DS
N DS
∑ y(n + 1) − y(n) ⇒ Alarm ⇒ is YC
n =1
> or < M C ?
where:
NDS is the number of samples in ALM_SMPLx.
y(n) is the sampled output data.
MC is the magnitude for comparison in ALM_MAGx.
> or < is determined by the MSB in ALM_MAGx.
Table 32. ALM_MAG1/ALM_MAG2 Bit Designations
Bit
15
14
13:0
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Comparison polarity: 1 = greater than, 0 = less than
Not used
Data bits, matches format of trigger source selection
CALIBRATION REGISTERS
Table 33. ALM_SMPL1/ALM_SMPL2 Bit Designations
The ADIS16209 incorporates an extensive factory calibration
and provides precision acceleration, incline, and rotational
position data. For systems that require on-site calibration,
user-programmable offset adjustment registers are available.
Bit
15:8
7:0
Table 30 provides the bit assignments for the following userprogrammable calibration registers: XACCL_NULL and
YACCL_NULL. Table 31 provides the bit assignments for
the following user-programmable calibration registers:
XINCL_NULL, YINCL_NULL, and ROT_NULL.
Table 34. ALM_CTRL Bit Descriptions
Bit
15:12
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Not used
Data bits, twos complement, sensitivity = 0.24414 mg/LSB
Table 31. Incline/Rotation Offset Register Bit Designations
Bit
15:14
13:0
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Not used
Data bits, twos complement, sensitivity = 0.025°/LSB
Value
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
Table 30. Acceleration Offset Register Bit Designations
Bit
15:14
13:0
Description
(Default = 0x0001)
Not used
Data bits: number of samples (both 0x00 and 0x01 = 1)
11:8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Trigger source, Alarm 2
Disabled
Power supply
X-acceleration
Y-acceleration
Auxiliary ADC
Temperature sensor
X-axis incline angle
Y-axis incline angle
Rotational position
Trigger source, Alarm 1, same as Bits[15:12]
Not used
Alarm 2 rate-of-change control: 1 = enabled
Alarm 1 rate-of-change control: 1 = enabled
Alarm 2 filter: 1 = filtered data, 0 = no filter1
Alarm 1 filter: 1 = filtered data, 0 = no filter1
Alarm indicator, using DIO1/DIO2: 1 = enabled
Alarm indicator polarity: 1 = active high
Alarm indicator line select: 1 = DIO2, 0 = DIO1
Incline and vertical angles always use filtered data in this comparison.
Rev. E | Page 17 of 21
ADIS16209
Data Sheet
Status
Table 35. STATUS Bit Descriptions
The STATUS register provides a series of error flags that
provide indicator functions for common system-level issues.
After reading the contents of this register, set COMMAND[4] =
1 (DIN = 0xBE10) to reset all of its flags to zero.
Bit
15:10
9
8
7:6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Rev. E | Page 18 of 21
Description
(Default = 0x0000)
Not used
Alarm 2 status:
1 = active, 0 = inactive
Alarm 1 status:
1 = active, 0 = inactive
Not used
Self-test diagnostic error flag:
1 = error condition, 0 = normal operation
Not used
SPI communications failure:
1 = error condition, 0 = normal operation
Flash update failed:
1 = error condition, 0 = normal operation
Power supply greater than 3.625 V:
1 > 3.625 V, 0 ≤ 3.625 V (normal)
Power supply less than 2.975 V:
1 < 2.975 V, 0 ≥ 2.975 V (normal)
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
POWER SUPPLY CONSIDERATIONS
Filter Settling
The ADIS16209 is a precision sensing system that uses an
embedded processor for critical interface and signal processing
functions. Supporting this processor requires a low impedance
power supply, which can manage transient current demands that
happen during normal operation, as well as during the start-up
process. Transient current demands start when the voltage on
the VDD pin reaches ~2.1 V; therefore, it is important for the
voltage on the VDD pin to reach 3 V as quickly as possible.
Linear VDD ramp profiles that reach 3 V in 100 µs provide
reliable results when used in conjunction with design practices
that support low dynamic source impedance. The ADP1712 is
a linear regulator that can support the recommended ramp profile.
See the ADIS1620x/21x/22x Power Regulator Suggestion page
for a reference design for using this regulator with the ADIS16209.
The SMPL_PRD and AVG_CNT settings have a direct impact
on the filter settling during turn-on. For example, when using
the default settings for these filters, the SUPPLY_OUT register
takes approximately 1.28 seconds to settle. During this time, the
SUPPLY_OUT register experiences a linear rise (assuming that
VDD is stable and greater than 3.0 V) and the low-voltage flag
(STATUS[0]) is low. When the SUPPLY_OUT register reaches a
value that exceeds 2.975 V, the STATUS[0] flag automatically
lowers.
Power-On-Reset Function
The ADIS16209 has a power-on-reset (POR) function that
triggers a reset if the voltage on the VDD pin fails to transition
between 2.35 V and 2.7 V within 128 ms.
ASSEMBLY
When developing a process flow for installing ADIS16209
devices on PCBs, see the JEDEC standard document J-STD020C for reflow temperature profile and processing information.
The ADIS16209 can use the Sn-Pb eutectic process and the Pbfree eutectic process from this standard, with one exception: the
peak temperature exposure is 240°C. For a more complete list of
assembly process suggestion, see the ADIS162xx LGA Assembly
Guidelines page at the Engineer Zone/MEMS Community website.
Transient Current from VDD Ramp Rate
Because the ADIS16209 contains 2 μF of decoupling capacitance
on VDD and some systems may use additional filtering
capacitance, the VDD ramp rate will have a direct impact on
initial transient current requirements. Use this formula to
estimate the transient current, associated with a particular
capacitance (C) and VDD ramp rate (dV/dt).
i (t ) = C dV
dt
For example, if VDD transitions from 0 V to +3.3 V in 33 µs,
dV/dt is equal to 100000V/S (3.3 V/33 µs). When charging the
internal 2 µF capacitor (no external capacitance), the charging
current for this ramps rate is 200 mA, during the 33 µs ramp time.
This relationship provides a tool for evaluating the initial charging
currents against the current limit thresholds of system power
supplies, which can cause power supply interruptions and the
appearance of failed start-ups. This may also be important for
maintaining surge current ratings of any series elements as well
Rev. E | Page 19 of 21
Data Sheet
1.100
ADIS16209
INTERFACE BOARD
The ADIS16209/PCBZ provides the ADIS16209 function
on a 1.2 inch × 1.3 inch printed circuit board (PCB), which
simplifies the connection to an existing processor system.
The four mounting holes accommodate either M2 (2 mm) or
Type 2-56 machine screws. These boards are made of IS410
material and are 0.063 inches thick. The second level assembly
uses a SAC305-compatible solder composition (Pb-free), which
has a presolder reflow thickness of approximately 0.005 inches.
The pad pattern on the ADIS16209/PCBZ matches that shown in
Figure 24. J1 and J2 are dual-row, 2 mm (pitch) connectors that
work with a number of ribbon cable systems, including 3M Part
Number 152212-0100-GB (ribbon-crimp connector) and 3M Part
Number 3625/12 (ribbon cable).
1.050
2 × 0.925
J2
J1
U1
2 × 0.673
iSensor
C1
4 × Ø0.087
M2×0.4
2 × 0.000
0.150
5
6
2
7
8
3
9
10
4
12
6
10
1
4
2
3
13
11
12
RST
ADC
SCLK
DAC
CS
DIO2
DOUT
DIO1
DIN
DNC
DNC
VDD
DNC
DNC
16
GND
VREF
C1
1µF
J2
14
12
6
5
7
10
8
1
3
Figure 24. PCB Assembly View and Dimensions
11
12
10
7
9
11
15
8
10
4
7
8
5
9
2
5
07096-025
11
ADIS16209
9
Figure 23. Electrical Schematic
Rev. E | Page 20 of 21
07096-026
1
0.865
J1
4
2 × 0.900
2
3
0.035
2 × 0.000
1
0.200
J1/J2 PIN NUMBERS
Data Sheet
ADIS16209
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
5.391
BSC
(4×)
2.6955
BSC
(8×)
9.35
9.20 SQ
9.05
13
PIN 1
INDICATOR
1.000 BSC
(16×)
16
12
1
8.373
BSC
(2×)
0.797 BSC
(12×)
9
4
8
0.200
MIN
(ALL SIDES)
TOP VIEW
5
BOTTOM VIEW
0.373 BSC
(16×)
5.00
TYP
121409-C
3.90
MAX
SIDE VIEW
Figure 25. 16-Terminal Stacked Land Grid Array [LGA]
(CC-16-2)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
ORDERING GUIDE
Model 1
ADIS16209CCCZ
ADIS16209/PCBZ
1
Temperature Range
−40°C to +125°C
Package Description
16-Terminal Stacked Land Grid Array [LGA]
Evaluation Board
Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
©2008–2015 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D07096-0-1/15(E)
Rev. E | Page 21 of 21
Package Option
CC-16-2
Mouser Electronics
Authorized Distributor
Click to View Pricing, Inventory, Delivery & Lifecycle Information:
Analog Devices Inc.:
ADIS16209CCCZ ADIS16209/PCBZ
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising