Government Products Catalog
コーンズ ドッドウェル株式会社
第二営業本部 デバイス営業部
東京:03-5774-9978
大阪:06-6532-1012
E-mail:[email protected]
URL:http://www.cornes-dodwell.co.jp/
Table of Contents
Product Type
Comb Generators
Comb Generators
Comb Generators
Control Devices
Control Devices
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multipliers
Multipliers
Multipliers
Multipliers
Multipliers
Multipliers
Multipliers
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Description
Company Preamble
Comb Generators Preamble
Catalog, Passive & Active, 100,250,500,1000 MHz
S-Level Comb Generators, 0.1-4.75 GHz
Comb Generator, 0.7-18 GHz
Control Devices Preamble
Switch Filter, 10-20 GHz
Five Channel Switched Filter Assembly
Multi-Function Assemblies Preamble
Multi-Mode Dual Channel Converter Assembly, 6-6.5 GHz
X-Band Down Converter Assembly, 10 GHz
SHF Band Up and Down Converter Assembly, 7.9-8.4 GHz
Upconverter-Modulator, 16.5 GHz
Downconverter-Demodulator, 16.5 GHz
Multi-Output PLCO Assembly, 5-160 MHz
Multi-Output Reference Oscillator Assembly, .125-2 GHz
S-Level Beacon Source Assembly, 4 GHz
Comb Source Assembly, 1.8-5.4 GHz
Tunable Up-Converter Assembly, 300-2900 MHz
Multi-Output COHO Assembly, 7.9-8.4 GHz
Seven Output Local Oscillator Assembly, 1.65-2.9 GHz
Dual Crystal Based Source Assembly, 1020 & 5100 MHz
Multi-Output COHO Assembly, 0.1, 0.15, 1.4, 14.75-15.25 GHz
ATR Package, .65-.95 GHz
S-Level Multiplied OCXO Assembly, 375 & 3000 MHz
Microwave Altimeter Assembly, C-Band
Multipliers Preamble
S-Level SMT Multipliers, 250,300,312.5 MHz
SMT X5 Multiplier, 5.1 GHz
X 11 Frequency Multiplier, 10.56 GHz
X7 Multiplier, 10 GHz
X7 Multiplier, 12.18 GHz
X80 Multiplier, 16 GHz
X2 Multiplier, 100 to 500 MHz
Oscillators Preamble
Catalog, AT-Cut Crystal Oscillators
Catalog, Miniature AT-Cut Crystal Oscillators
Catalog, SC-Cut Ovenized Crystal Oscillators
Catalog, CRO’s and DRO’s
Catalog, Phase Locked CRO’s and DRO’s
High Stability OCXO, 100 MHz
Vibration Isolated XO, 125 MHz
Miniature VCXO, 150 MHz
S-Level Beacon Transmitter, 4 GHz
S-Level OCXO, 10.3 GHz
Crystal Oscillator, 16 GHz
Model
COM 20-000 Series
COM072
COM073
SWF001
SWF002
MFC114
MFC115
MFC119
MFC131
MFC132
MFS023
MFS025
MFS027
MFS074
MFS075
MFS098
MFS116
MFS127
MFS129
MFS130
MFS133
MFX128
MUL056
MUL057
MUL058
MUL059
MUL061
MUL062
MUL063
OSC 10-000 & 10-100 Series
OSC 10-001 & 10-101 Series
OSC 10-400 & 10-450 Series
OSC 10-500 & 10-600 Series
OSC 10-700 & 10-750 Series
OSC020
OSC021
OSC022
OSC027
OSC029
OSC030
Page #
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22
23
24
25
26
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33-34
35
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42-45
46-47
48-49
50-51
52-53
54-55
56
57
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61
Table of Contents
Product Type
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Oscillators
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
Synthesizers
0904
Description
Space Qualified PLO Family, 2,10,12,14 GHz
Low Noise Phase Locked DRO, 6.6 GHz
Hybrid PLO, 12 GHz
Miniature PLDRO, 5.2 GHz
Voltage Tuned DRO, 26.5 GHz
Ultra Low Noise Crystal Oscillators, 100 MHz
Miniature Oscillator, 1 GHz
Synthesizers Preamble
Application Note: Ping-Pong
Application Note: Specifying Synthesizers
Catalog, Indirect Synthesizers 0.4-4.95 GHz
Fast Indirect Frequency Synthesizer, 0.55-1.85 GHz
Fast Indirect Synthesizer, 0.6-1 GHz
Minature Indirect Synthesizer, 0.725-1.275 GHz
Indirect Synthesizer, 1-2.5 GHz
Dual Indirect Synthesizer "Ping-Pong", 1.5-1.8 GHz
Small Step Indirect Synthesizer, 1.6-2.7 GHz
Modulated Synthesizer, 2.9-3.1 GHz
Direct Synthesizer, 3.25-4.75 GHz
Direct Synthesizer, 7-9 GHz
X to Ku Band Synthesizer "In-Bands", 8-15 GHz
Wideband Frequency Synthesizer, 10-20 GHz
Multi-Output STALO Synthesizer, X-Band
Ultra Wideband Synthesizers 2-18 GHz
Wideband YIG Synthesizers, 5-10 GHz
Dual Module Synthesizers, 9.5-10.9 GHz
High Speed Direct Synthesizer, 9.25-19 GHz
Dual Output Synthesizer, 9-10 GHz
Quad Frequency Synthesizer, .65-.95 GHz
Model
OSC036
OSC037
OSC038
OSC039
OSC040
OSC044
OSC045
APN102
APN104
SYN 60-000 Series
SYN085
SYN086
SYN087
SYN089
SYN090
SYN091
SYN093
SYN094
SYN096
SYN099
SYN101
SYN110
SYN111
SYN112
SYN145
SYN146
SYN147
SYN148
Page #
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69-72
73-75
76-81
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101
TRAK MICROWAVE
Catalog Preface
This catalog has been prepared to make it easy for the
professional user to find information about our various products.
Wherever possible, we have included test data, performance
curves, mechanical drawings, color photographs and comprehensive specifications for each product. More detailed technical
data is available upon request. The catalog is organized by
product type, featuring both standard and custom models.
Our engineering experts combine the most advanced design
tools and manufacturing techniques to ensure high quality
products with on-time deliveries. TRAK Microwave's philosophy
supports consistent control of the product development process,
which guarantees excellent performance specifications, cost
efficiencies, and timely deliveries to meet the critical demands of
our customers.
TRAK is specifically structured to provide customers with close
technical support, fast product development and prototyping.
Our operations capacity enables the efficient manufacture and
delivery of medium to high volume products and our philosophy
provides a consistent and
controlled
evolution
of
applied RF technology from
which all of our customers
benefit.
Standard Products are specific models that are offered for sale
exactly as specified in the catalog. Many of our "standard"
models have been designed for specific customer applications
and may perform outside the
specified limits. Custom products are models that are
designed to meet a specific
system requirement. They are
included to demonstrate general capability and product
heritage, recognizing that
some users may have the
need for similar components.
TRAK is a financially strong
company whose philosophy
is to fully understand the customer's requirements with
total commitment to meet or
exceed them. We accomplish
your goals by drawing on our extensive in-house capabilities and
experience. As each product line has access to all in-house
resources, TRAK is uniquely positioned to offer an extraordinary
variety of engineering services and field support.
TRAK Microwave offers a
variety of product literature to meet your specific needs. Custom
catalogs and brochures targeted to your specific market
applications may be ordered from TRAK Microwave by calling
813-901-7200 or 888-283-8444, fax 813-901-7491, or email us at
[email protected]
Product Applications
TRAK Microwave defense products are found in airborne
electronic warfare equipment, radar, communications equipment,
and missile applications. Our commercial products are used in
point-to-point radio, wireless base stations, private radio systems,
collision avoidance systems, distance measuring equipment, and
airborne weather radar. Space applications include for communication, television broadcast, satellite payloads, meteorological,
earth resources, and intelligence gathering satellites. These are
the primary applications of our products, however our standard
and custom product portfolio is very broad and may be used in a
myriad of high-tech electronic applications.
All of the product information included in this catalog may also be
viewed on our web site at www.trak.com. Our web site offers the
most current product data, product type search options, data
sheets (in pdf format), product news, application notes, a
technical terms dictionary, and contact information for the TRAK
representative in your area.
Company Overview
TRAK Microwave, a Smiths Group Company, is a world class
supplier of high reliability microwave and RF components,
subsystems, and precise time and frequency systems. For more
than forty years, TRAK has been a major supplier of standard and
custom designed products for the world's most demanding
applications and environments. TRAK supplies worldwide
manufacturers of defense electronic products, satellites, navigation systems and commercial communication systems. We have a
strong and broad product base, customer base, and program
heritage, as a result, we are able to build and maintain product
quality and excellence.
Subsystems and
Integrated Assemblies
Another of TRAK's longstanding areas of expertise centers
on microwave sources and
related products that provide
cost effective solutions for
defense, space and commercial applications. Major subsystems currently produced
include oscillators, multipliers, comb generators, synthesizers, and multi-function assemblies, such as frequency converters. We produce various types of microwave subsystems as
well as many of the components for such assemblies.
The company is headquartered in Tampa, Florida, USA, on ten
acres of land adjacent to Tampa International Airport, and
operates within a newly renovated 125,000 square foot
manufacturing facility. In addition, TRAK has a design and manufacturing facility located in Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom.
TRAK has partnerships with manufacturers in Asia and the
Philippians, which provide high volume quality products while
insuring cost efficiencies.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
1
TRAK MICROWAVE
Catalog Preface
This vertical integration benefits
our customers in size, cost and
delivery.
TRAK
also
offers
microwave "build to print and test"
capability. Our "technical forte"
centers on microwave sources and
related products that provide cost
effective product solutions to
military, space, and commercial
applications worldwide.
Electrical Design
All RF parameters, such as phase noise, isolation, and intermodulation are routinely tested on automated test stations within our
facility, allowing quick analysis of large amounts of data. We
place a heavy emphasis on packaging our components in
industry standard outlines but maintain the capability to provide
custom packaging. Many of our products are simulated using
commercially available or TRAK developed state-of-the-art test
equipment hardware and software.
Filters and Delay Lines
TRAK offers full capabilities of design, development and manufacture of quality custom super linear filters, cavity coupled resonator
diplexers, isolated signal combiners, directional couplers and
transmit redundancy systems. Delay Line products are primarily
for multi-carrier power amplifier applications. TRAK’s integrated
passive assemblies integrate the following functions into a single
package:
Electrical Testing
It is TRAK's objective to provide products that meet or exceed the
customer specifications for electrical performance over the full
range of environmental conditions. Electrical performance and
repeatability are demonstrated through design qualifications testing, LRIP (low rate initial production), and 100% electrical test of
critical parameters in production. TRAK uses automated or
manual testing in accordance with standardized or custom written test procedures and software. Most equipment is calibrated
in accordance with MIL-STD-45662A, ANSI/NCSL, Z540-1-1994,
traceable to NIST, using our in-house calibration lab and qualified
outside calibration laboratories traceable to NIST.
All equipment is calibrated in accordance with MIL
and ISO standards.
♦ High Isolation Circulators
♦ VSWR Monitors
♦ High Directivity Couplers
♦ Alarm Circuits
♦ High Power Loads
Ferrites
TRAK is renowned for its expertise in ferrite isolator
design and is the world's largest supplier of ferrite
products. Our ferrite product line includes isolators
and circulators ranging from 130 MHz to >60 GHz.
Each year we provide an increasing number of
designs for major commercial and defense systems
manufacturers throughout the world. Our
comprehensive line of high performance ferrite
products may be packaged in coaxial, drop-in,
surface mount, miniature, waveguide or microstrip
configurations, or integrated with other components.
Mechanical Design
TRAK uses the latest CAD design and mechanical
finite element analysis to ensure that structures are
robust. All package designs undergo rigorous testing to guarantee they are able to meet the environmental standards required of the industry, as
well as the processing environment the device will
see in the customer's assembly process. We also
specialize in custom configurations where size,
weight, thermal, and vibration considerations are
crucial. All of our products are designed using the
latest CAD software available.
Manufacturing
Our assembly techniques have been developed and perfected
over many years and are continually monitored, revised, and
upgraded to remain current with application demands. Some of
our components are built by hand, utilizing experienced assemblers. While some of our products are assembled by experienced
assemblers, others products are produced using automatic pickand-place assembly. TRAK uses the most current testing methods
and equipment available in the industry.
RF and Signal Processing Components
TRAK designs and manufactures RF signal processing components
for medium to high volume applications that are used in wireless
infrastructure, space and defense systems. Our signal processing
components include mixers, power splitters, couplers, hybrids, IQ
modulators and demodulators, attenuators, phase shifters, and
waveguide switches. Our supercomponent technology includes
the combination of components into one device, providing efficiencies in cost, testing, and mechanical footprint. TRAK offers
higher levels of component integration to reduce your overall
product costs. Most products are available fully qualified to MIL
or S-level specifications.
We design and fabricate our own
manufacturing fixtures for use in
assembly and test. Each product
is tested and visually inspected to
ensure it was manufactured in
accordance with TRAK standards.
The manufacturing process has
an employee involved SPC program where records are collected
Time and Frequency Systems
TRAK timing systems are used by government and commercial
organizations throughout the world. Some of the timing products provide signals to time or initiate events by extracting time
information from the GPS (Global Positioning Systems) satellites.
Our timing products are also used to synchronize communication
carrier's signals between wireless base station sites.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
2
TRAK MICROWAVE
Catalog Preface
and analyzed on a regular basis to look for trends or variations in
processes. This provides valuable feedback to the manufacturing
staff for improving process improvement plans. Our versatile
design software allows custom units to be produced efficiently
and rapidly with a high confidence factor.
Automated Test
♦ Multi-parameter Test
Stations for VCO's
♦ Phase noise Test Sets
♦ Noise Figure & 1 dB
Compression
♦ Custom Test-Sets
♦ Automated IP3 Test-Sets
♦ High Power Test Sets
TRAK's internal design process and robotic manufacturing capabilities insure the most robust, flexible, cost-efficient, and high performance products are manufactured for optimum solutions.
Mechanical Design
♦ Thermal Finite Element
Analysis
♦ Vibration and Modal Finite
Element Analysis
♦ Static and Dynamic Stress
Finite Element Analysis
♦ Modular Packaging
♦ Weight Reduction
♦ AutoCAD ®
♦ ORCAD® Layout for PCB's
♦ ORCAD® Schematic
Capture
Electrical Design
♦ ANSOFT Serenade ® & HFSS
♦ Libra ® Touchstone
♦ HSS
♦ Is-spice
♦ In-house Software
Supporting
♦ Machine shop with NC and
CNC mills, machining centers,
wire EDM
♦ Sheet metal shop
Automated Assembly
♦ Pick & Place Component
♦ In-Line Solder Reflow
♦ Automated Cleaners
♦ Solder Deposition via
screenprinting
♦ Component Placement
(Chips/Fine Pitch AFP/CGA)
Special Process
♦ Laser & Seam Welding
♦ Fine & Gross Leak Tests
♦ Housing Pinning
♦ Laser Labeling
♦ X-Ray Photography
♦ Soldering Processes to J-STD-001
♦ Die Attachment & Wire Bonding
Staff
TRAK is committed to continuous training for all levels as
assembly, technical, material planning and management staff.
With a high percentage of employees with 10, 20, or more years
of continuous service, TRAK offers recognizable stability to its
customers - an added confidence factor on programs that span
over several years. We provide onsite continuous training for all
levels as assembly, technical, material planning, and management
staff.
Development Plans
TRAK constantly surveys the
industry
for
innovative
research and enhanced
component performance. As
a result, we continue to
provide products based on
the latest technology and
meet the evolving demands
of the system design. A
formal Research and Development budgeting process allocates
funds for new technologies and product development. Customer
inputs and market forecasts drive the technology development
plan. Our annual budgets include funds for new technologies
and improved products.
Hybrid Microelectronics
Facility
♦ Support labs: etching,
marking, and substrate
cutting and calibration labs
♦ Class 10,000 Clean Rooms
♦ Class 100,000 Test Areas
♦ Die Attach
♦ Ball and Wedge Bonding:
.7 to 25 mil dia. wire
1.5 to 80 mil ribbon
♦ Parallel gap welding
Environmental Testing
and Screening
♦ Two vibration machines
with slip table-complete
sine and random testing
♦ Shock testers
♦ Thermal shock chambers
♦ Temperature test
chambers
♦ Humidity chamber
♦ Salt Fog
♦ Burn-in racks
♦ Cold plate testing
♦ Acceleration
♦ X-Ray inspection
equipment
♦ Thermal Vacuum chamber
Configuration Management
TRAK maintains documentation controls consistent with industry
standards, or as required on individual contract basis. TRAK
standards include procedures for Engineering Change Notices,
change to customer-controlled drawings, and general
configuration management. Customer review and approval of
modifications can be supported, but may extend deliveries.
Reliability Program
TRAK is ISO9001:2000 and AS9100 registered and general
reliability programs meet the requirements of MIL-STD-785. TRAK
engineers review design approaches during initial development
of products to provide early detection and corrections of issues
affecting product reliability. If required, TRAK has complete inhouse capability to rigorously test designs for, among many
others, resistance to vibration, thermal cycling, aging, and
hermeticity. Additional engineering services are available to
provide analytical reliability predictions when required.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
3
TRAK MICROWAVE
Catalog Preface
Quality Assurance
TRAK's Quality Assurance System is based on ISO-9001 and meets
the requirements of MIL-Q-9858A and MIL-I-45208A. TRAK
facilities are registered to ISO
9001:2000 and AS9100 and
continue to successfully pass
semiannual audits. Quality
Assurance operations address
incoming inspection, inprocess and final inspections,
including data analysis and
corrective action programs.
In-process inspectors are
stationed with each product
line to monitor the manufacturing processes and ensure high
quality products. Quality control is actively involved with manufacturing operation to monitor SPC trends and determine effective
corrective actions, facilitate material review boards, engineering
change boards, and new product release boards. Quality
Assurance provides the Failure Analysis and trends tracking for
customer returns.
Quality Philosophy
TRAK Microwave Corporation
manufactures products that
conform to customer requirements and expectations.
Conformance to a requirement is a direct responsibility
of all TRAK employees. TRAK
employees shall take immediate and appropriate corrective action if any non-conformance condition is observed.
Ordering and Questions
TRAK Microwave Ltd.
TRAK Microwave Corporation
Dunsinane Avenue
4726 Eisenhower Blvd.
Dundee, Scotland UK DD2 3QF
Tampa, FL USA 33634-6931
Phone: +44-1382-427200
Phone: +1 813-901-7200
Fax: +44-1382-833599
Fax: +1 813-901-7491
Email: [email protected]
Email: [email protected]
Cage Code Number: 12855
Taxes
The prices applicable to products ordered do not include any
allowance for US federal, state, or local or any other sales tax,
which may apply. The amounts of such taxes shall be paid by the
buyer.
Inspection
Buyer has the right and shall be given the opportunity to inspect
the goods at TRAK's facilities prior to shipping for a nominal fee.
The inspection shall be conducted as to not interfere with TRAK'S
normal operations. Such inspection must be stated in the
Purchase Order and have been previously quoted by TRAK.
Warranty/Returned Material
TRAK Microwave Corporation warrants each product delivered to
be free of defects in materials and workmanship at the time of
delivery, and to meet all published or agreed specifications.
TRAK'S obligations under this warranty shall be limited to repair or
replacement, at TRAK's option, of any material found to be defective. The warranty is in effect for a period of one year (unless otherwise noted) from the date of shipment. TRAK shall have no liability for incidental or consequential damages resulting from
improper use, negligence, or accident. Any complete or partial
disassembly of the device will void this warranty. Returned material must be accompanied with an RMA (Return Material
Authorization) number issued by TRAK Microwave. A fee to cover
the analysis costs on the returned components under this warranty may be changed to the buyer if, when after examination by
TRAK, the returned products are found to be specification compliant or have failed for reasons not covered under this Warranty.
Buyer shall not in any event be entitled to, and TRAK shall not be
liable for indirect, special incidental, or consequential damages of
any nature, including and not limited to loss of profit, promotional or manufacturing expenses, overhead, injury to reputation or
loss of customers. Buyer's recovery from TRAK for any claim shall
not exceed buyer's purchase price for the products, irrespective of
the nature of the claim, whether in contract, tort, warranty, or
otherwise. This warranty is exclusive and in lieu of other warranties expressed or implied.
Cancellation
Buyer may cancel orders by written notification, provided that the
agreed price of all products which are completed and allocated to
this order at the time of cancellation are paid to TRAK. Buyer will
also pay TRAK for all costs direct or indirect, which have been
incurred by TRAK for products that have not been completely
manufactured the time of cancellation. Whenever possible, TRAK
will make all efforts to divert completed parts or work in progress
from cancelled orders to other orders. Orders for custom parts
are non-cancelable.
Shipping Instructions
Shipments may be made by either air or surface carriers. If specific shipping instructions do not accompany the order, TRAK will
specify the carrier to be used. Shipment terms will normally be
agreed at the time of quotation or order. The default is F.O.B.
Tampa, Florida, USA or Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom,
unless otherwise quoted prior to shipment.
Terms and Conditions
Net 30 days from date of invoice unless by prior agreement. If
credit has not been established with TRAK Microwave, terms will
be negotiated at the time of order. TRAK accepts VISA and
MasterCard credit cards. Specifications published in this catalog
are subject to change with notice.
© 2004 TRAK Microwave Corporation
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
4
Comb Generators
Product Overview
TRAK offers standard comb generators and customdesigned comb source products to 20 GHz. These
models convert the power of a single tone to a harmonic
frequency spectrum (n x fin), where the output tones are
coherent and evenly spaced through 20 GHz with
decreasing amplitude. (See Figure 1.) The driving source
can be external or internal.
Our comb product designs are used as stand-alone
devices and as “building blocks” for more complex
assemblies. In fact, many comb products have been field
tested and qualified for operation in high reliability
commercial, military or space environments.
Consequently, if you need to extend your temperature
range, or are moving from prototype to production units,
it’s possible we can meet your request simply by using
different parts selection criteria or including additional
end-item screening. All product grades are manufactured
in the same TRAK facility under one Quality Assurance
Program.
Internal view of Comb Generators
Typical Applications
Several of the comb products TRAK has manufactured
are detailed featured as custom specifications. More
complex versions are shown under the Synthesizers
Section.
Use our Comb Product Specifier when you are ready
to define a specific frequency plan, and be sure to
include your unique requirements. Our goal is to
provide you with an integrated product that demonstrates
superior performance and improved reliability while
minimizing size, interfaces, power consumption and cost.
Broadband Signal Calibration, B.I.T.
Tone Generation for Phase Locking
Frequency Translation
Product Features
0.005 - 18 GHz Standard & Custom Products
Stand-Alone Comb Generator Functions
Comb Generators w/ Integrated Oscillators
Low Residual Noise Designs
Self-Biasing
Surface Mount or Small Custom Packages
Low Power Consumption
Wide Operating Temperatures
Integrated Functions Oscillators
Filters
Switches
Amplifiers
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
5
Comb Generators
Product Overview
Technical Considerations
Input Frequency: Any drive frequencies from
approximately 5 MHz to 2 GHz can be accommodated;
bandwidths up to 3% are acceptable.
Theory of Operation: The fundamental module consists
of a step recovery diode (SRD) with associated
matching elements and a DC self-biasing network. The
SRD functions as a charge controlled switch where a
forward bias stores the charge and a reverse bias
depletes this charge. When fully depleted, the SRD
ceases to conduct current.
Amplification: In broadband (full spectrum) applications,
the output tones cannot be easily or practically amplified
because of the high peak output voltage. (The time
domain voltage spike is equivalent to the sum of RF
power of all the present combs. See Figure 2.) In cases
where the comb generator is combined with an output
resonant network, however, much of the spectrum energy
is recombined into a single tone at a higher frequency;
here, the filtered tones may be amplified to desired levels.
It is this rapid depletion of charge that results in the
characteristic voltage impulse with a pulsewidth much
less than the input tone period. When driven at 250 to
500 milliwatts, the impulse generated has a pulsewidth
of approximately 120 picoseconds with an amplitude
of 5 to 10 volts peak.
TRAK has units designed with and without driver
amplifiers. Units with driver amplifiers are typically
designed using low flicker noise BJT power devices for
optimum phase noise performance. Furthermore, all
TRAK standard units incorporate self-biasing networks to
provide predictable stable performance.
500 MHz Comb Generator
Level (dBm)
+10
0
-10
Spurious Enhancement: It is important to keep the input
signal as clean as possible because spurious signals
located in the input passband are increased by 20 log n,
where n is the desired multiplication factor. Input filtering
can be provided to reduce spurious signals located outside the passband, if required.
-20
-30
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Frequency (GHz)
14
16
18
Phase Noise Degradation: Phase noise is increased by
the frequency multiplication process. Theoretically, this
enhancement is 20 log n, where n is the multiplication
factor, although the circuitry within the comb generator
generally adds 3 dB more noise. Rather than specify the
output phase noise of a comb generator, TRAK usually
specifies the maximum enhancement to the input phase
noise, which is typically 20 log n + 3 dB.
Figure 1. Spectrum Graph
Residual Noise: Comb generators have residual phase
noise, which usually is much lower than the phase noise
of the driving signal source. At offsets very close to the
carrier, this is generally the case; however, at frequencies
farther from the carrier, the residual noise can affect the
overall noise performance.
Figure 2. Time Domain Response Graph
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
6
Comb Generators
Catalog, Passive & Active, 100, 250, 500, 1000 MHz
Model: COM 20-000 Series
Features:
Electrical Specifications
Small SMT and Connectorized Packages
Input Drive Power (max):
1 watt (passive)
0.2 watt (active)
2:1, max
See Figures /Tables
Input VSWR:
Output Power:
Standard Models Accept Input Frequencies
Between 100 and 1000 MHz
Environmental Specifications
Internal SRD Bias Circuits
Standard Operating
Temperature (Baseplate):
- 54 to + 85 °C guaranteed
+ 105 °C, max
Custom Designs Available
Mechanical Specifications
Drop-In or Coaxial:
100 MHz Comb Generator
250 MHz Comb Generator
100 MHz spec.
250 MHz typ.
0
-10
-20
-30
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Frequency (GHz)
14
16
18
0
2
4
6
Figure 1
500 MHz typ.
8
10
12
Frequency (GHz)
14
16
18
16
18
Figure 2
500 MHz Comb Generator
1000 MHz Comb Generator
500 MHz spec.
1000 MHz typ.
+10
+ 10
0
0
Level (dBm)
Level (dBm)
250 MHz spec.
+10
+5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
-40
Level (dBm)
Level (dBm)
100 MHz typ.
See Packages
-10
-20
-30
1000 MHz spec.
-10
-20
-30
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Frequency (GHz)
14
16
18
0
Figure 3
2
4
6
8
10
12
Frequency (GHz)
14
Figure 4
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
7
Comb Generators
Catalog, Passive & Active, 100, 250, 500, 1000 MHz
Model: COM 20-000 Series
TABLE I – PASSIVE MODELS
Model Number for Drop-In Models (Package A)
20-000-9000-000
20-000-9001-000
20-000-9002-000
20-000-9003-000
Model Number for Coaxial Models (Package B)
20-000-9010-000
20-000-9011-000
20-000-9012-000
20-000-9013-000
100
250
500
1000
Input Frequency (MHz)
Input Power at + 25 °C (dBm, minimum)
Output Power (dBm, minimum)
+ 27
+ 27
+ 27
+ 27
See Figure 1
See Figure 2
See Figure 3
See Figure 4
Up to 4 GHz
- 20
- 10
-5
0
4 to 8 GHz
- 20
- 10
-5
0
8 - 12 GHz
- 30
- 20
- 15
- 10
12 - 18 GHz
- 40
- 30
- 25
- 20
±2
±2
±2
±2
Power Variation / Temperature (dB, typical)
Thermal θJ-C ( °C / watt )
70
70
70
Note: Minimum drive level required to obtain output is + 24 dBm. However, specifications are not guaranteed at this level.
70
TABLE II – LOW PHASE NOISE, LOW POWER ACTIVE MODELS (WITH DRIVER AMPLIFIERS)
Model Number for Drop-In Models (Package C)
20-000-9100-000
20-000-9101-000
20-000-9102-000
20-000-9103-000
Model Number for Coaxial Models (Package D)
20-000-9110-000
20-000-9111-000
20-000-9112-000
20-000-9113-000
Input Frequency (MHz)
100
250
500
1000
Input Power at 25 °C (dBm, minimum)
+7
+7
+ 12
+ 17
Output Power (dBm, minimum)
See Figure 1
See Figure 2
See Figure 3
See Figure 4
Up to 4 GHz
- 20
- 10
-5
0
4 - 8 GHz
- 20
- 10
-5
0
8 - 12 GHz
- 30
- 20
- 15
- 10
12 - 18 GHz
- 40
- 30
- 25
- 20
± 2.5
± 2.5
± 2.5
± 2.5
DC Current, Typical (mA) for V = + 9 V ± 3 %
120
120
120
120
Thermal θ J-C (°C / watt)
90
90
90
90
Power Variation / Temperature (dB, typical)
Note: The input power level may be 2 dB lower than indicated above; however the output power level is not guaranteed at the reduced drive level.
Ordering Information: Specify the required model number.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
8
Comb Generators
Catalog, Passive & Active, 100, 250, 500, 1000 MHz
Model: COM 20-000 Series
.300 ±.005
.06
.144 max
DOT ON INPUT
.123
.144 MAX
3x .063
.063
2X
.015±.003
.25
OUT
+9V
.015 ±.002
PIN DIA.
DOT ON INPUT
2x .125
IN
* RF Pin Length = .060"
.375 ±.005
.53
* RF Pin Length = .060"
.750 ±.005
Package C
Package A
.180 ±0.01
.180 ±.01
.110 ±.01
2PLC
.480
.110 ±.01
2 PLC
.480 ±.20
SMA STD
GPO OPT
SMA STD
GPO OPT
OUT
IN
OUT
.650 ±.01
IN
.650 ±.01
+9V
.530 ±.02
.750 ±.02
.400 ±.20
.400 ±.20
.570 ±.01
.350 ±.01
Package B
Package D
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
9
Comb Generators
S - Level, 0.1 - 4.75 GHz
Model: COM072
Features:
Small SMT or Drop-In Packages
Optimized for Maximum RF Power
Active and Passive Designs
Tape and Reel Compatible
Good Phase Noise
Withstand + 230 °C for Reflow
Low DC Power Consumption
Input Amplifier on Active Designs
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Input
Unit A
Unit B
Unit C
Operating Freq.(MHz):31.25 ±1% 100 ±1% 250 ±1%
Power Level:(typical) CMOS
+23 dBm +12 dBm
Operating Temp.:
*Extended Operating Temp.:
Maximum Reflow Temp.:
Environment:
Output
Operating Frequency:
Lower Limit (MHz) 875
100
Upper Limit (MHz) 1187.5
3000
Power Level:(dBm, typical)
-17 to -27 -20 to -25
Power Variation: (Adjacent Combs)
3 dB,max. 3 dB,max.
DC Power: (V)
+12 ± 1.5% none
Current: (nominal)
80 mA
none
Power Consumption: (nominal)
0.96 W
none
.400±.008
- 10 to + 71 °C, baseplate
- 34 to + 95 °C, baseplate
+ 230 °C for 20 seconds
Space
Mechanical Specifications
1500
4750
Package Drawing:
Weight: (nominal)
-20 to -30
Connectors:
3 dB,max.
+12±1.5%
80 mA
Unit A
A
0.15 oz
4.3 g
Pins
Unit B
B
0.25 oz
7.1 g
Pins
Unit C
A
0.15 oz
4.3 g
Pins
* Performance may vary over the extended operating
temperatures.
0.96 W
.140
4X.100
IN
4X.025R MAX
INDEX MARK
.005
+.002
-.001
20X.050±.008 REF
.375
1
.040
INDEX TAB
.800±.010
2X.050
12X.100
.200
OUT
900±.010 REF
.375
V
.500±.010 REF
2X.078
2XO .012±.002
10X.015
9X.030
2X.188
.004
EXCLUDING LEADS
Package A
Package B
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
10
Comb Generators
Comb Generator, 0.70 - 18 GHz
Model: COM073
Features:
Small Size: < 0.23 cubic inches
Removable Connectors
Low Current: 120 mA, nominal
Wide Operating Temperature: - 55 to + 85 °C
Low Residual Noise
Minimum DC (<2W)
Bipolar Silicon Power Transistor
Kovar Housing
Custom Designs Available
Environmental Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Input (J1)
Operating Frequency: 100 MHz
Power Level: (typical) + 12 dBm ± 1.5 dB
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
Output (J2)
0.70 - 18 GHz
+ 5 to - 35 dBm
(See Plot)
- 55 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Ground and Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
VSWR:(input & output) 1.5:1, typical
SSB Phase Noise: (dBc/Hz, typical) Note 1
Offset
100 Hz
- 130
- 110
1 kHz
- 150
- 130
10 kHz
- 165
- 145
100 kHz
- 165
- 145
Output Spurious:
Input Spurious Level + 20 log N
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 0.4 V @ 120 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
1.8 W, nominal
1.09 x 0.9 x 0.23 inches
28 x 23 x 6 mm
3 oz (85 g), maximum
SMA (F) (removable)
Pins
Weight:
RF Connectors:
DC Connectors:
.230 MAX
Note 1: The output SSB phase noise is referenced to the provided input
levels and an output frequency of 700 MHz.
Sideband noise levels for other frequencies can be calculated
as the sum of input levels, residual noise, and 20 log n
enhancement where n is the ratio of output to input frequencies.
1.09
.22 MAX
4X O.093 THRU
GND
+15V
SMA
CONNECTOR
.90
+10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17 18
Typical Output
Power (dBm) vs. Frequency (GHz)
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
11
Control Devices
Product Overview
TRAK Microwave offers a wide range of
solid state microwave control devices
including switches, limiters, phase shifters
and attenuators.
Product Types
Š Switches- Standard Offerings Include
SPST, SP2T, SP3T and SP4T. Higher
Order Designs Available.
Š Limiters- PIN and Schottky Based
Š Phase Shifters- Single and Multi-Bit Digital
Technical Considerations
Š Attenuators- Linear and Digitally Controlled
The key factors in determining the best design
approach for solid state control devices are
operating frequency, switching speed and RF
power. Together these requirements determine
the optimum circuit topology and
semiconductor type(s). With these parameters
identified, control devices can be configured to
meet a wide range of insertion loss and
isolation requirements.
Š Integrated Assemblies
Š Switched Filters
Typical Applications
Š EW and ECM Systems
Š Radar Systems
Š Missile Systems
Š Operating Frequency- Specify either band
limits or maximum operating frequency and
bandwidth. For certain band limited
applications; better loss to isolation ratios
can be attained.
Š Communications Systems
Product Features
Š Solid State Based Using Silicon PINs,
GaAs PINs or GaAs FET Devices.
Š RF Power- Specify expected operating
power levels and absolute maximum
requirements. Separately specify CW
conditions and pulsed conditions. For
pulsed conditions specify maximum pulse
width and pulse repetition parameters.
Š Broad Bandwidth, to 20 GHz
Š Low Insertion Loss
Š High Isolation
Š Reflective and Non-Reflective Designs
Š Fast Switching Speed
Š Broad Range of Options for DC Operating
Voltages and Control Logic.
Š Switching Speed- Specify maximum
allowable switching time. Better switching
ratios and power handling are available
with slower switching
Š Hermetically Sealed Packages
Š High Reliability
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 01/04
12
Control Devices
Switch Filters, 10 - 20 GHz
Model: SWF001
Features:
Single Pole, Triple Throw
Good Sideband Rejection: > 60 dBc
Excellent Switching Speed: Fast as 20 nsec
Low Profile
Electrical Specifications
Band 1
Freq. Passband:
10 - 12.6 GHz
60 dB Rejection:
DC - 7 GHz
15 - 26 GHz
Insertion Loss:
VSWR:
DC Power:
Band 2
12.6 - 16 GHz
Environmental Specifications
Band 3
Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
Environment:
Airborne
16 - 20 GHz
Mechanical Specifications
DC - 8 GHz
DC - 10 GHz
19 - 26 GHz
24 - 26 GHz
6 dB, typical
2:1, typical
+ 5 VDC @ 60 mA
-15 VDC @ 20 mA
-5V +15V
-5V +15V
S
S
P
P
3
3
T
T
Size (excluding connectors):
3.5 x 1.6 x 0.48 inches
89 x 41 x 12 mm
Weight:
3 oz (85 g), nominal
Connectors:
Field Removable SMA
CONTROL
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 1/04
13
Control Devices
Five Channel Switched Filter Assembly, C-Band
Model: SWF002
Features:
Š Ultra Miniature, Low Profile Design
Š Less Than 10 dB Pass Band Insertion Loss
Š 60 dB Typical Stop Band Rejection at ±500 MHz
Š Fast Switching Speed - Less Than 100 nSec.
Š Hermetically Sealed, Laser Welded
Š Full Military Temperature Range
Š MTBF Better Than 350,000 Hours
Electrical Specifications
C-Band
Every 500 MHz
6-10 dB
1.8:1, max
60 dBr at ±500 MHz
50 dBr to 10.5 GHz
10 nSec, max
100 nSec, max
TTL Compatible
+15 dBm, max
±5 VDC @ +80/-30 mA
2X 1.970
.075
2X .095
.075
2X .160
.410
J1
.980
2X 1.210
J2
4X .255
8X .065 - .095
Ø.023±.004 DC/CONTROL PIN
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
RF Connectors:
DC Connectors:
4X .125
-5
C5
C4
C3
+5
C2
C1
GND
Frequency:
Pass Band Frequencies:
Pass Band Insertion Loss:
Pass Band VSWR:
Stop Band Rejection:
Broad Band Rejection:
Group Delay:
Switching Speed:
Control:
RF Power (operating):
DC Power:
2.29” x 1.40” x 0.265”
0.8 oz. max.
Hermetic SMP (full detent)
EMI Filtered Solder Pins
.637
.265 MAX.
7X .145
4X .080
2X .040 - .045
8X .125
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
-54 to +85 °C
Airborne
Measured Filter Characteristics for Five Channel Switch Filter
Quality Assurance Provisions
Class H Hybrid equivalent
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 05/04
14
Multi-Function Assemblies
Product Overview
TRAK specializes in the design and manufacture of
Multi-Function Assemblies (MFAs) for use in defense, space
and commercial applications. MFAs offer distinct advantages
over multiple, interconnected, discrete components, including
improved overall performance and reductions in size and cost.
They are well-suited for applications where the most
demanding electrical performance and mechanical constraints
are required. They can also be implemented as form, fit and
function replacements to older discrete products.
To meet your precise requirements, TRAK’s products can be
integrated into a multitude of custom designs from DC to 40
GHz, or even higher. While TRAK’s MFA expertise is heavily
rooted in our diverse line of oscillators, comb generators,
multipliers, control and synthesizer products, it extends to
complex frequency converters and recievers.
Radar Altimeter
Typical Applications
To meet your unique frequency plan, mechanical constraints,
reliability considerations and environmental requirements, our
dedicated team of electrical, mechanical, production and
quality engineers place heavy emphasis on computer analysis
and optimization, special process control, environmental
screening and automated testing. In addition, TRAK has many
years of experience in handling special design requirements;
such as low residual noise, thermal management, weight
reduction and integrity under vibration, which can be
incorporated into your design.
Communications Subsystems
EW Subsystems
Missile Subsystems
Radar Subsystems
ELINT Subsystems
Product Features
Product Types
Oscillator/Multiplier Assemblies
Control Based Assemblies
Synthesizer Based Assemblies
Frequency Converters
Specialized Frequency Generators
Receivers
DC to 40 GHz Operating Frequencies
Excellent Spectral Performance
Small Custom Packages
Low Power Consumption
Wide Operating Temperatures
Vibration Isolation
S-Level Product Capabilities
Integrated Functions can include:
Oscillators
Multipliers
Switches
Synthesizers
Mixers
Filters
Isolators/Circulators
Amplifiers
Limiters
Attenuators
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
15
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Mode Dual Channel Converter Assembly, 6 - 6.5 GHz
Model: MFC114
Features:
Combines: MMIC Amplifiers and Transistor
Multipliers
Dual IF Outputs: 70 MHz and 970 MHz
L.O. Frequency Generation: Five Tones
Over 40 dB AGC Control
Built-In-Test Functions
Field Programmable
VME Bus Interface
Low Noise Design
General
Impedance:
Load VSWR:
Tuning Control:
BITE Scheme:
DC Power (nominal):
Electrical Specifications
Reference Input
Frequency:
Power Level:
Diplexed Inputs
Frequency:
RF
LO
Power Level:
(RF)
Calibration Mode Input
Frequency:
Power Level:
First IF Output
Frequency:
Power Level: Note 1
IF Gain:
Harmonics:
Spurious:
Second IF Output
Frequency:Note 2 (WB)
(NB)
Power Level: Note 1
IF Gain: Note 3
IF Gain Control:
Harmonics:
Spurious:
Fixed LO Outputs
Frequencies:
Power Level:
Harmonics:
Spurious:
ECL Outputs Freq.:
5 MHz
+ 2.5 dBm ± 2 dB
6.1 - 6.5 GHz
5.1 GHz
- 40 dBm ± 25 dB
Power Consumption:
Environmental Specifications
6.4 - 7.4 GHz
+ 8.5 dBm ± 2.5 dB
Operating Temperature: 0 to + 65 °C, baseplate
70 ± 2 MHz
+ 20 dBm, minimum
22 dB ± 1.5 dB
- 20 dBc, maximum
- 50 dBc (in-band)
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
970 ± 200 MHz
970 ± 3.5 MHz
+ 20 dBm, minimum
42 ± 2 dB
0 to - 62 dB
(2 dB steps)
- 20 dBc, maximum
- 50 dBc (in-band)
5 MHz
900 MHz
+ 10 dBm ± 2 dB
- 35 dBc
- 60 dBc
- 80 dBc
- 60 dBc
40 MHz
100 MHz
50 ohms
1.5:1
VME Bus Interface
Fault Status (“1” = Fault)
+ 12 V ± 5 % @ 1550 A
+ 5 V ± 5 % @ 250 mA
- 12 V ± 5 % @ 235 mA
22.7 W, nominal
5 MHz
Single 9U x 160 mm VME card
5 lbs (2.3 kg), nominal
LOCAL
OSCILLATOR
ASSEMBLY
5 MHz
40 MHz
100 MHz
900 MHz
720 MHz
1080 MHz
RF + LO
(DUPLEXED)
6282 ± 200 MHz
and 5312 MHz
971 MHz ± 200 MHz (WB)
± 3.5 MHz (NB)
IF
70 MHz ± 2 MHz
CALIBRATION
MODE SIGNAL
6400-7420 MHz
VME
INTERFACE
DUAL CHANNEL
IF
FREQUENCY IF
CONVERTER
D.C. FILTER
REGULATION
AND
F.P.G.A. LOGIC
ASSEMBLY
DC
SWITCH CONTROLS
ATTENUATION CONTROLS
B.I.T.
Note 1: Minimum output power @ 1 dB compression
Note 2: The 970 MHz IF signal has two selectable bandwidths:
wideband (WB) and narrowband (NB).
Note 3: Referenced to 0 dB attenuation Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
16
Multi-Function Assemblies
X - Band Down Converter Assembly, 10 GHz
Model: MFC115
Features:
Combines: Diode Doublers, Comb Multipliers,
MMIC Switches, Mixer, Amplifiers and Filters
Low Residual Noise: - 120 dBc/Hz @ 10 kHz
Miniature Size: < 3.5 cubic inches
Low Power Dissipation: 6.75 W
Low Spurious: - 80 dBc typical
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
RF Input
Frequency:
Power Level:
Input VSWR:
10.1 to 10.3 GHz
0 dBm ± 2 dB
2.0:1, maximum
Reference Input
Frequency:
Power Level:
Input VSWR:
Multiplication Factor:
35 MHz
+ 6 dBm ± 1.5 dB
1.7:1, maximum
X288 or X296
IF Output
Frequency: Note 1
Power Level:
Output VSWR:
Harmonics:
Spurious:
Residual Noise: Note 2
20 - 280 MHz
+ 1.5 dBm ± 3.5 dB
2.5:1, nominal
- 25 dBc, typical
- 80 dBc, typical
- 120 dBc/Hz
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 20 to + 70 °C, baseplate
Missile
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (see outline)
Weight:
Connectors:
Ref. Input:
RF In, IF Out:
< 3.5 cubic inches
10 oz (284 g), nominal
SMA (F)
Feedthru Terminals
TTL
REF IN
(35 MHz)
HARMONIC
CONVERTER
ASSY
(X288 OR X296)
IF OUTPUT
(20-280 MHz)
RF IN
(10.1-10.3 GHz)
General
Control Interface:
DC Power:
(nominal)
Power Consumption:
1 bit TTL (X288 or X296)
+ 15 ± 0.4 V @ 450 mA
- 5 ± 0.5 V @ 0.10 mA
6.75 W, nominal
Note 1: The IF output has two overlapping, selectable bands providing
a multiplication factor of either 288 or 296.
Note 2: Referenced to an offset of 10 kHz
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
17
Multi-Function Assemblies
SHF Band Up and Down Converter Assembly, 7.9 - 8.4 GHz
Model: MFC119
Features:
Combines: Oscillator, Synthesizer, Multipliers,
BIT Detectors and AGC Loop
Integrated Half-Duplex Subsystem (Agile)
Rugged Contruction
Low Phase Noise: - 97 dBc/Hz @ 50 kHz
offset
Low DC Consumption: 10 watts
Reference Oscillator
Frequency Output:
10 MHz
Power Level:
+ 2 dBm, nominal
General Specifications
SHF Resolution:
1 MHz
Tuning Speed:
60 ms to within 1 Hz and 15°
of final value
Converter Control:
CMOS plus strobe
Operational Modes: TX, RX, Stand-by, Idle or Off
DC Power: (typical) + 12 V @ 760 mA
+ 5 V @ 170 mA
- 5 V @ 15 mA
Power Consumption: 10 watts , typical
Electrical Specifications
UPCONVERTER
IF Input:
Frequency
Power Level
VSWR
SHF Output:
Frequency
Power Level
70 ± 20 MHz
- 25 dBm ± 2 dB
1.5:1, maximum
7.9 - 8.4 GHz
+ 17.5 dBm ± 2 dB
(AGC internal)
VSWR
1.5:1, typical
3rd Order Int. + 25 dBm, minimum
Spurious
- 55 dBc, maximum
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
100 Hz
- 55
1 kHz
- 67
10 kHz
- 83
10 MHz
- 127
DOWNCONVERTER
SHF Input:
Frequency
7.25 - 7.75 GHz
Power Level
- 100 dBm ± 20 dB,
dynamic range
VSWR
1.5:1, maximum
Phase Noise
- 132 dBm/Hz nominal
IF Output:
Frequency
70 ± 20 MHz
Power Level
- 60 dBm ± 15 dB, adjustable
Spurious
- 110 dBm, in-band
- 90 dBm, out-of-band
Noise Figure:
10 dB, maximum
Gain:
40 ± 10 dB, minimum, adjustable
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
+ 20 to + 100 °F
Ship and Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal)
7.34 x 5 x 1.8 inches
186 x 127 x 46 mm
10.2 lbs (4.6 kg), nominal
MIL-C-83513, MMC D, 51 Pin
OSSP and SMA
Weight:
DC Connector:
RF Connectors:
70 MHz
IF
UPCONVERTER
ASSEMBLY
CMOS CONTROL
BIT OUTPUT
∆ = 1 MHz
DC POWER
± 5 VDC
+12 VDC
7.25-7.75 GHz
SHF
7.9-8.4 GHz
SHF
BIT
BIT
INDIRECT
SYNTHESIZER
BIT
10 MHz
REFERENCE
∆ = 1 MHz
10 MHz
REF
OSC
MANUAL
BIT
GAIN ADJUST
DOWNCONVERTER
ASSEMBLY
70 MHz
IF
20 dB
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
18
Multi-Function Assemblies
Upconverter/Modulator, 16.5 GHz
Model: MFC131
Features:
Internal Pulse Modulation
Internal BIT Detection
Dual Mode Modulation
Small Package
Electrical Specifications
Frequency Input:
Input Power:
VSWR:
Pulse Control:
Pulse On/Off Ratio:
Pulse Rise/Fall Time:
Pulse Duration:
Spurious:
Harmonic:
Frequency Output:
Output Power:
DC Power:
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temp.:
Environment:
100 MHz ± 11 MHz
+ 3 dBm
1.5:1
TTL
40 dB @ 16.5 GHz
30 nsec
-30 to 85 °C
Missile
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight: (nominal)
Connectors:
RF
DC
Long - .5 µsec
Short - .03 µsec
- 50 dBc
- 40 dBc
± 16.25 - 16.75 GHz
- 5 dBm
15 W
8.5 x 6 x .96 inches
2.90lbs. (1.3 Kg.)
SMA (F)
Sub-D 25 pin
VVA1
.96
VVA2
J4
J1
J3
J5
J2
J6
J7
8.47
7X .38
5.12
.29
J8
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
19
Multi-Function Assemblies
Downconverter/Demodulator, 16.5 GHz
Model: MFC132
Features:
Dual Microwave Input
Amplitude and Phase Matched
Built-In RF Level Detection
Two Gain Settings
Electrical Specifications
Frequency Input:
Noise Figure:
Gain:
Phase Match:
Amplitude Match:
VSWR:
Frequency Output:
VSWR:
Phase Adjustment:
Spurious:
Harmonic:
DC Power:
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temp.:
Environment:
16.25 - 16.75 GHz (Dual)
< 20 dB
- 25 dB or - 3 dB
± 10°
± 1.5 dB
1.5:1
100 MHz ± 11 MHz (Dual)
1.5:1
± 180°
- 50 dBc
- 40 dBc
20 W
-30 to 85 °C
Missile
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight: (nominal)
Connectors:
RF
DC
8 x 5.8 x .96 inches
2.9 lbs. (1.3 kg.)
SMA (F)
Sub-D 25 pin
SHIFT 2
.96
J1
J2
J3
J4
J5
J6
J7
8.03
7X .38
5.12
.29
J8
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
20
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Output PLCO Assembly, 5 - 160 MHz
Model: MFS023
Features:
Five Frequency-Coherent Outputs
Two Phase Locked, AT-Cut Crystal Oscillators
Voltage Regulation
Mix and Divide Techniques
RF Power Level and Phase Lock Detection
Low Phase Noise: - 132 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz offset
Low Spurious: ≤ - 80 dBc
Fast Switching: 300 nsec
Multiple Built-In-Test Points
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Input Output Output Output Output
P2
P4
P5
P7
P8
Operating Freq. (MHz):
5
64
70
100
125 or 160
Power Level (dBm):
+ 13 + 8
+ 0.5 + 12
+4
Power Level Tolerance (dB):
± 3 ± 1.5 ± 1.5 ± 1.5 ± 1
Switching Speed (nanosec, typ.):
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
300
VSWR (maximum):
1.3:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1 1.5:1
Spurious (dBc, typical):
DC to 500 MHz - 65 - 70
- 70
- 75
- 70
Fc ± 20 MHz - 65 - 90
- 80
- 85
- 90
Harmonics (dBc, typical):
- 40 - 45
- 45
- 45
- 45
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, maximum, all ports):
Offset
100 Hz - 106
1 kHz - 120
10 kHz - 126
100 kHz - 132
≥ 1 MHz - 156
BITE Scheme: Voltage, RF and Phase Lock Detection
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 0.8 V @ 550 mA, nominal
- 15 ± 0.8 V @ 10 mA, nominal
Power Consumption: 8.4 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
0 to + 70 °C; baseplate
Ground and Shipboard
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
Weight:
RF Connectors:
DC Connector:
5.82 x 3.75 x 1.43 inches
148 x 95 x 36 mm
1.9 lbs (862 g), nominal
Blind Mate
M28754/35-02
÷5
70 MHz
÷2
100 MHz
PLXO
100 MHz
5 MHz
REFERENCE
INPUT
X5
÷4
X4
PLXO
160 MHz
X2
÷5
S
P
D
T
125 OR
160 MHz
64 MHz
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
21
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Output Reference Oscillator Assembly, .125 - 2 GHz
Model: MFS025
Features:
10 Output Channels: 0.125 - 2000 MHz
Small Package: < 8.5 cubic inches
Excellent Short Term Stability: < 0.1 ppm
Wide Operating Temperature: - 55 to + 95 °C
Excellant Vibration Performance
Multiple Built-in-Test Points
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Ports 2-5 Ports 6-7 Ports 8-11
Operating Frequency:
2 GHz
1 GHz
125 MHz
Accuracy:
± 0.5 ppm, typical
Short Term Stability:
< 0.1 ppm / 10 sec
Allan Variance,
Under Vibration: Note 1
5 x 10 -11, typical
Static Condition:
2 x 10 -11, typical
Long Term Stability:
10 ppm over 10 years
Output Power (dBm, nominal):
+16Note 2
-26
-4
Output Power Tolerance:±1.5 dB
±3 dB
±2 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical): Note 3
Offset
100 Hz
- 95
- 101
- 119
1 kHz
- 115
- 121
- 139
10 kHz
- 146
- 152
- 165
100 kHz
- 146
- 152
- 165
1 MHz
- 146
- 152
- 165
Spurious (dBc, typical): - 80
- 40
- 70
Harmonics (all ports):
- 30 dBc, maximum
Output VSWR (all ports):
2.0:1, typical
Frequency Pushing:
< 0.1 ppm per volt
BITE Scheme: RF Power at each frequency (1 = Failure)
DC Power:
+ 15 V ± 5 % @ 300 mA, nominal
+ 5 V ± 5 % @ 20 mA, nominal
- 5 V ± 5 % @ 10 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
4.65 W, nominal
Operating Temperature: - 55 to + 95 °C, baseplate
Environment:
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
4.5 x 2.5 x 0.75 inches
114 x 64 x 11.6 mm
Weight:
9.6 oz (300 g), nominal
Connectors:
GPO (RF); MIL-C-83513/2 (DC)
Note 1: The value of σ2 (τ) is relative to operating vibration per
MIL-STD-202, Method 214,
Test Condition Ib @ Level = 0.04 g 2 / Hz and τ = 10 msec.
Note 2: Output power for Ports 4 and 5 is + 3 dBm and - 30 dBm,
respectively.
Note 3: Static conditions only. See plot for typical values at 2 GHz.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
22
Multi-Function Assemblies
S-Level Beacon Source Assembly, 4 GHz
Model: MFS027
Features:
Excellent Long Term Stability:
± 8 ppm over 18 years
Good Temperature Stability:
± 0.8 ppm per any + 25 °C Variation
IF & RF Outputs: UHF & S-Band
Fully Redundant OCXO Function
Low Power Consumption: < 2 watts
S - Level Design
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
RF Output
4 GHz
± 8 ppm/18 yr life
< ± 0.8 ppm over any 25 °C
variation
Power Level:
+ 4 dBm, nominal
Power Variation:
± 0.8 dB, maximum
Output VSWR:
1.68:1, maximum
Spurious:
- 65 dBc, nominal
Harmonics:
- 65 dBc, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 Hz
- 50
1 kHz
- 110
10 kHz
- 120
1 MHz
- 124
DC Power:
Surge
+ 9 ± 0.75 V @ 330 mA, nominal
Steady State (Vacuum)
+ 9 ± 0.75 V @ 220 mA, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
Operating Frequency:
Long Term Stability:
Temp. Stability:
- 20 to + 75 °C, baseplate
Space
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors): 4 x 3.6 x .88 inches
102 x 91 x 22 mm
Weight:
12.5 oz (354 g), nominal
RF Connectors:
SMA-Female, Removable
DC Connector:
DC Feedthroughs
UHF UHF
OSC
SELECT
CONTROL
{
OCXO "1"
XM
XN
4 GHz
OCXO "2"
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
23
Multi-Function Assemblies
Comb Source Assembly, 1.8 - 5.4 GHz
Model: MFS074
Features:
Combines: Oscillator, Multiplier, and Comb
Generator
Low Noise: - 120 dBc/Hz @ 100 Hz
(Fout @ 100 MHz)
Low Vibration Sensitivity: 5 x 10 -10 /g
Small Integrated Package: 1.76 cubic inches
Excellent Stability: ± 0.2 ppm
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Reference Oscillator Output, E 2
Frequency:
100 MHz
Power Level: (typical)
+ 13 dBm ± 2 dB
Harmonics:
- 35 dBc, maximum
Spurious:
- 65 dBc, maximum
Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
100 Hz
- 120
1 kHz
- 145
10 kHz
- 155
100 kHz
- 160
RF Output, J1
Frequency:
1.8 - 5.4 GHz
Comb Spacing:
600 MHz
Power Level:
- 3 dBm, minimum
Spurious:
> 60 dBc, typical
Phase Noise (@ 5.4 GHz; dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
100 Hz
- 85
1 kHz
- 110
10 kHz
- 120
100 kHz
- 125
General
Temperature Stability:
± 0.2 ppm, typical
Vibration Sensitivity:
5 x 10-10 /g
Port to Port Isolation:
50 dB, minimum
DC Power (nominal):
(+ 25 °C) + 15 V @ 150 mA (2.25 W)
(- 54 °C) + 15 V @ 210 mA (3.15 W)
Operating Temperature:
Vibration:
Shock:
Altitude:
Environment:
- 54 to + 85 °C, baseplate
20 grms (20 to 2000 Hz)
100 g, 11 msec
70,000 ft
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (nominal)
Weight:
Connectors:
2.2 x 1.6 x 0.5 inches
56 x 41 x 13 mm
2.1 oz (60 g), nominal
SMA Female (J1, RF)
Solder terminals (E 2 and DC)
HEATER
1.8-5.4 GHz
X6
BPF
100 MHz
XO
SRD
100 MHz
LPF
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
24
Multi-Function Assemblies
Tunable Up-Converter Assembly, 300 - 2900 MHz
Model: MFS075
Features:
Coherent Output: RF and Dual LOs
Low Spurious: - 85 dBc typical
Small Package: 14.4 cubic inches
Fast Switching: 2 µs, maximum
General
Tuning Control:
DC Power:(nominal)
Electrical Specifications
Reference Input
Frequency:
200 MHz
Power Level:
+ 10 dBm ± 1.5 dB
Harmonics:
- 25 dBc, maximum
Spurious: Note 1
- 106 dBc, maximum
Phase Noise:
5 kHz offset
- 115 dBc/Hz
50 kHz offset
- 165 dBc/Hz
UHF Input
Frequency:
300 - 500 MHz
Power Level:
+ 5 dBm ±1 dB
Harmonics:
- 25 dBc, maximum
Spurious:
- 85 dBc, maximum
Phase Noise: Note 2
- 165 dBc/Hz
RF Output
Frequency (selectable): Note 3
1710 - 2900 MHz
Switching Speed: Note 4
2 µs, maximum
Power Level:
+ 19 dBm ± 1.5 dB
Harmonics:
- 20 dBc, maximum
Spurious:
In-band
- 80 dBc, typical
Out-of-band
- 85 dBc, typical
Phase Noise: Note 2
- 137 dBc/Hz
Stability:
Same as inputs
Output VSWR:
2.0:1, typical
BITE Scheme:
RF Output
Fixed LO Outputs
Frequencies:
600 MHz
1600 MHz
Power Level:
+ 11 dBm
+ 10 dBm
Note
Note
Note
Note
1:
2:
3:
4:
3 bit TTL (Band selection)
+ 15 V ± 2.5 % @ 460 mA
+ 5 V ± 2.5 % @ 300 mA
- 5.2 V ± 2.5 % @ 70 mA
8.8 W, typical
Power Consumption:
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
0 to + 60 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
5.8 x 5 x 0.5 inches
147 x 127 x 13 mm
20 oz (567 g)
Miniature Blindmate
Weight:
Connectors:
1600 MHz
X8
X3
600 MHz
LOGIC
INPUT
DECODER
S
P
D
T
S
P
D
T
200 MHz
(REF. IN)
SWITCH
FILTER
ASSY
1710-2900 MHz
(RF OUT)
BIT
300-500 MHz
(UHF IN)
.50
5.00
2X .063
DOWEL PIN
CONN PANEL
JACK
J1
5.80
P/N
S/N
CUST P/N
REV
P1P2P3
Spurious over the range of 100-300 MHz
Phase noise at offsets ≥ 50 kHz
RF output has six contiguous, selectable bands.
Band-to-band switching speed.
J2
COOLING
SURFACE
3X .36
.22
3X CONN. BLIND MATE
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
25
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Output COHO Assembly, 7.9 - 8.4 GHz
Model: MFS098
Features:
Four Coherent Outputs
Low Phase Noise
Fast Switching Speed: ≤ 30 µs
Low DC Power Consumption: < 20 W
Rugged, Modular Construction
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
J6 Output J5 Output J3 Output J4 Output
Frequency Range:
7.9-8.4 GHz 1080 MHz 60 MHz
20 MHz
Step Size:
10 MHz
Switching Speed: Note 1
30 µs, maximum18 µs, typical
Output Power (dBm):
+ 16
+ 16
+ 20
+ 10
Power Flatness (dB):
± 1.5
± 1.5
± 1.5
± 1.5
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical)
Offset
100 Hz
- 84
- 105
- 125
- 134
1 kHz
- 98
- 120
- 140
- 150
10 kHz
- 105
- 125
- 155
- 160
100 kHz
- 105
- 125
- 160
- 160
1 MHz
- 120
- 140
- 160
- 160
Spurious: (dBc, max.)
- 60
- 70
- 90
- 40
Harmonics: (dBc, max.)
- 70
- 40
- 40
- 40
Accuracy:
± 1 ppm (all outputs)
Tuning Control:
7 bit TTL, Differential plus Strobe (RS-422A compatible)
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock bit (Logic “0” indicates loss of lock.)
DC Power:
+ 15 V @ 1200 mA, typical
- 15 V @ 10 mA, typical
+ 5 V @ 100 mA, typical
Power Consumption:
19 W, typical
Operating Temp.:
Environment:
- 35 to + 60 °C, baseplate
Ground and Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
Connectors:
7 x 5.4 x 3 inches
178 x 137 x 76 mm
5 lbs 2 oz, nominal (2.3 kg)
Sub-D 44 Pin, 25 Pin and SMA (F)
900-1400 MHz
IF
J6
7.9-8.4 GHz OUT
RF
LO
TUNE
WORD
D.C.
POWER
PLL
ASSEMBLY
LOGIC
ASSEMBLY
PLDRO
6.96 GHz
STROBE
60 MHz XO
60 MHz
DISTRIBUTION
J5
1080 MHz OUT
PLO
1080 GHz
J3
60 MHz OUT
J4
20 MHz OUT
60 MHz OUTPUT
÷3
20 MHz OUTPUT
Note 1: Switching speed is 30 microseconds to within 10 kHz of the
final frequency.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
26
Multi-Function Assemblies
Seven Output Local Oscillator Assembly, 1.65 - 2.9 GHz
Model: MFS116
Features:
Combines: Synthesizers, LO’s, Reference
Signal Distribution Network
Agile & STALO Outputs
7 Coherent Outputs
Low Spurious: - 80 dBc, maximum
Low Phase Noise: - 104 dBc/Hz @ 100 Hz
1 Hz Step Size Optional
Rugged, Modular Construction
19” Rack Mount
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
1.65 - 2.9 GHz, Primary
70 - 100 MHz, Secondary
Step Size:
100 Hz, Primary
10 Hz, Secondary
Switching Speed:
< 500 µs, typical
Output Power:
- 12 dBm ± 1 dB
(Calibration Ports)
+ 13 dBm ± 1 dB
Local Oscillators:
3, 5, 15, 70, 175 & 3000 MHz
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical @ 100 MHz):
Offset
100 Hz
- 104
1 kHz
- 110
100 kHz
- 123
1 MHz
- 145
Reference Input:
5 MHz at 0 dBm
Spurious:
- 80 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
- 30 dBc, typical
Tuning Control:
IEEE-488 Bus plus Strobe
BITE Scheme:
AC Applied, Phase Lock,
Reference Failure bits
AC Power:
+ 120 V, 60 Hz (120 W)
0 to + 50 °C
Shipboard
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
21.6 x 19 x 5.22 inches
549 x 483 x 133 mm
50 lbs (22.7 kg)
See Package Drawing
Weight (maximum):
Connectors:
5 MHz
1.7-2.9 GHz
100 Hz STEPS
SYNTHESIZER
CALIBRATION
SYNTHESIZER
20-1200 MHz
100 Hz STEPS
70-100 MHz
10 Hz STEPS
5 MHz
REFERENCE
SIGNAL
DISTRIBUTION
SYNTHESIZER
XO
XO
XO
XO
XO
CALIBRATION
SYNTHESIZER
.01-30 MHz
10 Hz STEPS
3 MHz
15 MHz
70 MHz
175 MHz
3 GHz
21.62
LED, A/C POWER
FAN
SWITCH
MOMENTARY
CIRCUIT BREAKER
A/C CONN
MS3452W16S-1P
19.00
20X TNC CONN
LED, BIT
RECEPTACLE, CN2
IEEE 488 CONNECTOR
5.22
MAX
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
27
Multi-Function Assemblies
Dual Crystal Based Source Assembly, 1020 & 5100 MHz
Model: MFS127
Features:
Dual Frequency Output
RF & DC Enabled Outputs
Rugged Construction
Low Phase Noise
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency:
1020 & 5100 MHz
Frequency Stability, Long Term:
± 25 ppm
Output Power:
1020 MHz
5100 MHz
+ 5 dBm ± 2 dB
+ 13 dBm ± 2 dB
RF Enabled (1020 MHz):
Speed:
1 µs
Isolation
90 dB, typical
DC Power Enabled
Logic “0” = ON (Normal Operation)
Logic “1” = OFF (No DC Current)
VSWR:
1.5: 1 nominal
SSB Phase Noise:
Offset
1020
5100
MHz
1 kHz
- 108
- 95
dBc/Hz, typical
10 kHz
- 118
- 105
dBc/Hz, typical
100 kHz
- 133
- 120
dBc/Hz, typical
1 MHz
- 135
- 125
dBc/Hz, typical
Spurious:
- 70 dBc, max
Harmonics:
- 35 dBc, max
DC Power:
+ 14 V
350 mA
+5V
350 mA
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
-45 to + 85 °C baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
RF Connectors:
4” x 2” x 1”
165 x 41 x 32 mm
16 oz. nominal
450 gms.
SMA (F)
RF ENABLE
1020 MHz
X8
X5
5100 MHz
+14V
+5V
REG
DC ENABLE
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
28
Multi-Function Assemblies
Multi-Output COHO Assembly, 0.1, 0.15, 1.4, 14.75 - 15.25 GHz
Model: MFS129
Features:
Fast Switching Speed (50 µs)
Low Phase Noise
Complete Coherent Local Oscillator System
Small Package
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
CH1
CH2
CH3
CH4
Frequency Range:
100 MHz 1400 MHz 14.75 - 15.25 GHz 150 MHz
Step Size:
10 MHz
Switching Speed:
50 µs
Output Power (dBm):
+ 14
+ 13
+ 16
+3
Power Flatness (dB):
± 1.5
± 2.0
± 3.0
± 1.5
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical)
Offset
100 Hz - 116
- 93
- 69
- 116
1 kHz - 136
- 111
- 90
- 136
10 kHz - 145
- 114
- 98
- 145
Spurious: (dBc)
< - 70
< - 65
< - 55
< - 65
Harmonics: (dBc, max.)
< - 40
< - 35
< - 40
< - 40
Accuracy:
± 1 ppm ± 1 ppm
± 1 ppm
± 1 ppm
Tuning Control:
6 bit TTL, Differential plus Strobe
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock
DC Power:
+ 15 VDC ± 10%, 2.0 mA
+ 15 VDC ± 5%, 1.0 mA
- 5 VDC ± 10%, 0.2 mA
Operating Temp.:
Environment:
- 30 to + 85 °C
Missile
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
Connectors:
RF
DC
.99
8.7 x 5.8 x .99 inches
2.9 lbs, nominal (1.3 kg)
SMA (F)
MDM 25 Pin (F)
J7
J6
J5
J4
J3
J2
J1
8.65
5X .38
5.12
.29
J8
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 1/04
29
Multi-Function Assemblies
ATR Package, .65 - .95 GHz
Model: MFS130
Features:
Packaged in Standard ATR Chassis
PC Based Controller for Man/Machine Interface
4 Local Oscillators and Four Channel Techniques
Generator Outputs
Electrical Specifications(continued)
Electrical Specifications
Local Oscillator:
Frequency Range:
Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Output Power:
SSB Phase Noise:
Offset
100 Hz
1 kHz
50 kHz
1 MHz
Spurious:
Harmonics:
S - Band Output
Frequency Range:
Output Power:
SSB Phase Noise:
Offset
100 Hz
1 kHz
50 kHz
1 MHz
Spurious:
Harmonics:
Reference Outputs:
Frequency:
Output Power:
SSB Phase Noise:
Offset
10 Hz
100 Hz
1 kHz
50 kHz
Stability:
4 Independent Outputs
.65 -.95 GHz
< 1 kHz
65 µs, typical
12 dBm ± 2 dB
SSB Level
- 95 dBc/Hz typical
-110 dBc/Hz typical
-112 dBc/Hz typical
-125 dBc/Hz typical
- 60 dBc, typical
- 50 dBc, typical
10 MHz
+ 13 dBm ± 2 dB
SSB Level
-115 dBc/Hz typical
-140 dBc/Hz typical
-145 dBc/Hz typical
-150 dBc/Hz typical
± 0.7 ppm
Tuning Control: Ethernet & Standard PC Computer
Computer:
Pentium Class
Output Power:
28 VDC @ 11 A
S - Band
+ 30 dBm ± 2 dB
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
SSB Level
- 80 dBc/Hz typical
- 94 dBc/Hz typical
- 98 dBc/Hz typical
-118 dBc/Hz typical
- 65 dBc, typical
- 50 dBc, typical
- 5 to 55 °C
Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
Weight:
Techniques Generator (4 Independent Outputs)
Frequency Range:
C - Band
Step Size:
< 1 kHz
Modulation:
Various
Output Power:
+ 8 dBm, nominal
Connectors:
19.5 x 10.5 x 7.7 inches
495 x 267 x 195 mm
97 lbs.
44 kg.
Various
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 01/04
30
Multi-Function Assemblies
S-Level Multiplied OCXO Assembly, 375 & 3000 MHz
Model: MFS133
Features:
Š Quadruple Coherent Outputs at 375 MHz & 3 GHz
Š Fully Redundant RF Signal Generation
Š Low Residual Noise: < 0.03° rms
Š Good Stability: ± 0.5 ppm
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
S-Band
VHF
Operating Frequency:
3 GHz
375 MHz
(4 outputs)
(4 outputs)
Temperature Stability:
± 0.5 ppm, typical
Aging Rate:
1 ppm/yr
Power Level:
+ 4 dBm
+ 12 dBm
nominal
nominal
Power Variation:
± 0.5 dB
± 0.5 dB
typical
typical
VSWR (maximum):
1.5:1
1.5:1
Spurious (nominal):
- 60 dBc
- 60 dBc
Harmonics (maximum):
- 25 dBc
- 25 dBc
Residual Noise:
< 0.03° rms, typical
(500 kHz to 750 MHz)
0.06° rms, maximum
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
offset
100 Hz
- 99
- 120
1 kHz
- 108
- 129
10 kHz
- 124
- 145
100 kHz
- 127
- 148
30 MHz
- 139
- 164
Logic Control:
TTL
DC Power:
Electronics:
+ 15 ± 0.75 V @ 220 mA,
nominal (3.3 W)
Heater (surge):
+ 15 ± 0.75 V @ 160 mA,
nominal (2.4 W)
Heater Steady State (air): + 15 ± 0.75 V @ 100 mA,
nominal (1.5 W) cold
+ 15 ± 0.75 V @ 33 mA,
nominal (0.5 W) hot
Operating Temp.:
Environment:
-10 to 55 °C, baseplate
Space and Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight: (nominal)
Connectors:
185 cubic inches
7.7 lbs. (3.49 kg.), nominal
RF
SMA (F)
DC
Sub-D 15 pin
PRIMARY
DUAL
OCXO
DUAL
OCXO
X24 MULTIPLIER
HYBRID
3 GHz
OUTPUTS
HYBRID
375 MHz
OUTPUTS
X24 MULTIPLIER
REDUNDANT
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 2004
31
Multi-Function Assemblies
Microwave Altimeter Assembly, C-Band
Model: MFX128
Features:
Š Low Noise Figure
Š Wide Dynamic Range
Š RF & Video Agc
Š Compact Design
Š Fast Frequency Control for Phase Shifting in
a Zero IF System
Š Selectable Video Bandwidths for S/N
Optimization
Environmental Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Frequency:
C-Band ± 50 MHz
Operating Temperature:
Transmitter:
Power Output:
Power Control Range:
Pulse On - Off Ratio:
+ 30 dBm
60 dB min
70 dB min
Mechanical Specifications
Receiver:
Noise Figure:
Input VSWR:
Blanking Ratio (stc):
Agc Range:
Video Agc Range:
Video Bandwidths:
-40 to + 85 °C
Size:
Weight:
5 dB max, 3 dB typical
14 dB return loss
60 dB min
40 dB min
40 dB min
5.9” x 4.33” x 1.11”
<1000 gms.
VCC
PULSE
25 MHz ± 5 MHz
5 MHz ± 1 MHz
2 MHz ± 400 kHz
1 MHz ± 200 kHz
500 kHz ± 100 kHz
Noise Balance Between Bandwidths: 1 dB
Power Consumption:
12 W
6.5 W, typical
POWER
AMP
Tx OUT
FILTER
GATE
POWER
CONTROL
ON/OFF
CONTROL
POWER
CONTROL
FREQ
CONTROL
SPLITTER
VCO
CAL
Rx IN
AMP
BLANKING
AGC
STC
AGC
MIXER
VIDEO
AGC
SWITCHED
FILTER/AMP
VIDEO
AGC
BW
SELECT
VIDEO
OUTPUT
VIDEO OUT
4
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
32
Multipliers
Product Overview
TRAK offers custom-designed frequency multiplier
products to 28 GHz. We utilize both active and passive
multiplication techniques, combined with a wide range of
filter technologies and, where needed, amplifier stages.
Our multiplier product designs are used in a variety
of microwave products. So whether you are specifying a
stand-alone multiplier or multi-function assembly, many
“building blocks” have been field tested and qualified for
operation in high reliability commercial, military or
space environments.
If you need to extend your temperature range, or are
moving from prototype to production units, it’s possible
we can meet your request simply by using different parts
selection criteria or including additional end-item
screening. All product grades are manufactured in the
same TRAK facility under one Quality Assurance
Program.
Custom Multiplier
Typical Applications
Several of the multiplier products TRAK has
manufactured are featured in this catalog as detailed,
custom specification sheets. More complex versions
are shown as integrated functions in the Oscillator and
Integrated Microwave Assembly Sections of this catalog.
Radar
Telecommunications
EW, ECM
Product Features
Use our Multiplier Specifier when you are ready to define
a specific frequency plan, and be sure to include your
unique requirements. Our goal is to provide you with an
integrated product that demonstrates superior performance and improved reliability while minimizing size, interfaces, power consumption and cost.
Product Types
Passive Multipliers - These are diode-based multipliers.
They have operating bandwidths up to 15% and excellent
noise floors. Typically, a drive level of +27 dBm is
necessary for each high order multiplication stage. Wider
bandwidth (octave) and better phase noise performance
can be achieved using balanced doubler configurations if
the frequency plan allows.
Active & Passive Multipliers (0.5 to 28 GHz)
Multiplication Factors from 2 to over 100
Low Residual Noise Designs
Surface Mount or Small Custom Packages
Low Power Consumption
Wide Operating Temperatures
Integrated Functions
Multiple Outputs
Amplifiers, Filters, Oscillators, Switches
Built-In Test Circuitry
Active Multipliers - These transistor or mixer
diode-based multipliers have operating bandwidths up to
10% and good noise floors. Drive level is not critical
since amplifiers are usually included.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
33
Multipliers
Product Overview
Technical Considerations
Residual Noise: Multipliers themselves have residual
phase noise that is a result of 1/f device noise or
upconverted voltage noise, which in most cases is much
lower than the phase noise of the driving signal source
at offsets very close to the carrier. However, at
frequencies farther from the carrier, the residual noise
can affect the overall noise performance. TRAK’s
multipliers are designed for low residual noise as
depicted by Figure 1.
Operating Bandwidth: Most TRAK multipliers operate
at 3 to 15% bandwidth; however, bandwidths can vary
from single tone to as high as 40%. The bandwidth is
dependent upon the multiplication factor, the type of
multiplier used and the type of filtering required at the
operating frequency. As a general rule, the lowest input
frequency (Hz) divided by the input bandwidth (Hz)
should be greater than the required multiplication
factor; otherwise, the output will contain high levels of
unwanted harmonics in the band of interest, making
for difficult filtering.
Where,
Fl = the lowest input frequency
Fh = the highest input frequency
n = the multiplication factor
Harmonic Content: Frequency multipliers not only
provide the desired multiple of the input signal, but also
emit unwanted multiples (harmonics) of the input signal.
These undesirable harmonics, which can be as high
as -10 dBc, can be filtered using low pass or bandpass
filters at the output of the multiplier. TRAK incorporates a
variety of filtering techniques including lumped element,
combline and interdigital.
Amplification: Passive multipliers require no power
supply, but do require adequate input drive levels and
have an insertion loss typically a little greater than the
reciprocal of the multiplication factor. Active multipliers
generally include amplifier stages to minimize the
insertion loss or to provide overall power gain through
the multiplier.
General Rules For Specifying Multipliers
• Prime numbers above 11 should be avoided.
• Spurious products and noise at the input are degraded
by 20 log n, where n is the multiplication factor.
• The larger the output bandwidth the greater the cost.
• Noise floor can be limited by the choice of multiplier
type.
Fl
>n
Fh - Fl
Spurious Enhancement: It is important to keep the
input signal as clean as possible because spurious
signals in the input passband are enhanced (increased)
by 20 log n, where n is the desired multiplication factor.
Input filtering can be provided to reduce spurious signals
located outside the passband, if required.
Phase Noise Degradation: Phase noise is increased by
the frequency multiplication process. Theoretically, this
degradation is the power summation of the input phase
noise of the source plus the residual noise of the multiplier itself. Input noise is ideally increased by the function
P out(dBm)=P in(dBm) + 20 log n, where n is the
multiplication factor. Multiplier internal residual noise
must be accounted for to determine the output noise in a
particular application. Multiplier noise can be properly
specified in two ways-1) the required output noise power
specified for a given input noise allowing margin for
residual noise and test tolerance (2 dB); or 2) the
maximum output residual noise level specified assuming
an ideal input source. Both methods are acceptable.
Figure 1. Typical Phase Noise Performance of a X11 Multiplier
@ 10.56 GHz
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
34
Multipliers
S - Level SMT Multiplier, 250, 300, 312.5 MHz
Model: MUL056
Features:
Small SMT Package: < 0.05 cubic inches
Low DC Power: 0.67 W
Tape & Reel Compatible
Withstands + 230 °C for Reflow
Custom Designs Available
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Input
Operating Freq.: (MHz)
31.25 ± 1 %
Power Level: (typical)
CMOS
Operating Temperature:
Extended Operating Temp.:
50 ± 1 %
100 ± 1 %
CMOS
+ 12 dBm
- 10 to + 71 °C, baseplate
Note 1
- 34 to + 95 °C, baseplate
Maximum Reflow Temperature:
+ 230 °C for 20 seconds
Environment:
Space
Output
Multiplication Factor:
X 10
X5
X3
Operating Frequency: (MHz)
312.5
250
300
Power Level: (dBm, typical)
+6
+ 10
+9
Adjacent Line Spurious: (typ)
- 24 dBc
- 25 dBc
- 30 dBc
DC Power: (all units)
+ 12 V ± 1.5 %
Current Consumption:
56 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
0.67 W, nominal
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding pins):
0.8 x 0.4 x 0.14 inches
20 x 10 x 4 mm
0.15 oz (4.3 g), nominal
Pins
Weight:
Connectors:
.90
..14 MAX
.800
Note 1: Performance may vary over the extended operating
temperatures.
+Vcc
RF
IN
.100
TYP
.400
.50
RF
OUT
GND
.005 TYP
12X .100 TYP
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
35
Multipliers
SMT X5 Multiplier, 5.1 GHz
Model: MUL057
Features:
Small SMT Package: < .05 cubic inches
Wide Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
Good Power Flatness vs Temperature:
± 1.2 dB, typical
6 % Operating Bandwidth
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
RF Input
RF Output
Operating Freq.: 1020 ± 70 MHz
5.1 GHz, nominal
Power Level (typical):
+ 13 dBm
+ 10 dBm
Power Variation vs Temperature:
± 3 dB
± 1.2 dB
VSWR: (max)
2.0:1
2.0:1
Spurious:
> 40 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
> 40 dBc, typical
SSB Phase Noise:
17 dB maximum enhancement to input noise levels
DC Power:
+ 15 V ± 1% @ 120 mA, nominal
Power Consumption: 1.8 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 54 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
(nominal)
Weight:
0.8 x 0.4 x 0.14 inches
20 x 10 x 4 mm
0.09 oz (2.6 g), maximum
.90
..14 MAX
.800
+Vcc
RF
IN
.100
TYP
.400
.50
RF
OUT
GND
.005 TYP
12X .100 TYP
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
36
Multipliers
X 11 Frequency Multiplier, 10.56 GHz
Model: MUL058
Features:
Small Size: < 0.6 cubic inches
Low Residual Noise Floor: - 140 dBc/Hz
Low Spurious: > 90 dBc
Wide Operating Temperature: - 40 to + 85 °C
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
RF Input
Output
Operating Freq.: 960 MHz
10.56 GHz
Power Level:
+ 10 dBm ± 1 dB + 7 dBm ± 3 dB
VSWR:
1.5:1, typical
1.5:1, maximum
Spurious:
- 90 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
- 70 dBc, maximum
SSB Phase Noise:
21 dB, typical, enhancement to input levels;
20 log (11) + 3 dB
Residual Noise Floor: - 140 dBc/Hz, typ. @ 10.56 GHz
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 0.5 V @ 70 mA, nominal
Power Consumption: 1.1 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Operating Vibration:
Environment:
- 40 to + 85 °C, baseplate
7.8 grms (5 to 2000 Hz)
Airborne and Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
RF/DC Connectors:
2.1 x 0.7 x 0.4 inches
53 x 18 x 10 mm
0.9 oz (26 g), maximum
Feedthrough pins
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
37
Multipliers
X 7 Multiplier, 10 GHz
Model: MUL059
Features:
Combines Multiplier, Amplifier, BITE
Comparators, and Voltage Regulators
High Power Output: 1/2 watt
Built-In-Test: RF Power
Internal Voltage Regulation
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Input (J1)
Output (J2)
L-Band
X-Band
- 1 dBm
+ 26.5 dBm
+ 5 dBm
+ 28.5 dBm
1.3:1
1.5:1
To within 5° of final phase in
less than 1 µsec, maximum
Output Power Settling:
To within 90% of final output
power in 100 nsec, typical
SSB Phase Noise Enhancement: 19 dB, nominal
Spurious:
> - 65 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
> - 40 dBc, typical
BITE Scheme:
Input and Output Power
Monitors (TTL “1” = Failure)
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 1 V @ 700 mA, nominal
- 15 ± 1 V @ 20 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
10.8 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
Operating Freq.: Note 1
Minimum Power Level:
Maximum Power Level:
VSWR: (typical)
Phase Settling: Note 1
- 20 to + 65 °C, baseplate
Shipboard
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors): 6 x 1.5 x 1.5 inches
153 x 38 x 38 mm
Weight:
1.4 lbs, (635 g), nominal
RF Connectors:
SMA Female
DC Connector:
9 pin D-Type
Note 1: Actual input signal is switched between two tones covering a
3% bandwidth in L Band; the switch rate is 20 kHz.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
38
Multipliers
X 7 Multiplier, 12.18 GHz
Model: MUL061
Features:
Dual Channel Frequency Multiplication
Low Profile Package: < 0.4” Height
Low Power Consumption: < 3 W
50 dB Port to Port Isolation
Wide Operating Temperature -54 to +100 °C
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
RF Input
Dual Outputs Note 1
Operating Freq.: 1740 MHz
12.18 GHz
Power Level:
+ 1 dBm ± 1 dB + 8 dBm ± 2 dB
VSWR (maximum):1.5:1
1.5 :1
Spurious:
- 70 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
- 70 dBc, typical
Phase Noise Enhancement: 20 dB, maximum
Port to Port Isolation:
50 dB, minimum
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 1.5 V @ 190 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
2.85 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Operating Vibration:
Environment:
- 54 to + 100 °C, baseplate
7.9 grms (10 to 1000 Hz)
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors): 5 x 1.8 x 0.38 inches
127 x 46 x 10 mm
Weight:
11.8 oz (335 g), maximum
RF Connectors:
SMA (F)
DC Connector:
Feedthrough pin
Note 1: The unit has two identical outputs.
1.80 MAX
RF IN
.150
+15V
.120
4.50
RF OUT 2
RF OUT 1
MOUNTING
SURFACE
5.00 MAX
3X .380
.500
2X .190
.380
1.200
3X CONN., SMA FEMALE
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
39
Multipliers
X 80 Multiplier, 16 GHz
Model: MUL062
Features:
Low DC Power: < 3 watts
Dual Outputs @ + 12 dBm
Wide Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
Rugged Construction
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
RF Input
Dual Outputs
Operating Freq.: 200 MHz
16 GHz
Note 1
Power Level:
+ 2 dBm ± 2 dB + 12 dBm ± 2 dB
VSWR (max):
1.5:1
1.5:1
Spurious:
-> 60 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
-- 10 dBc, maximum
SSB Phase Noise:
41 dB maximum enhancement of
input noise levels;
20 log (80) + 3 dB
Noise Floor:
- 148 dBc/Hz @ offsets ≥ 70 MHz
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 0.5 V @ 200 mA, nominal
Power Consumption: 3 watts, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Moisture Resistance:
- 55 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Meets MIL-STD-202,
Method 112 and
MIL-STD-202, Method 104
Meets MIL-STD-202,
Method 204
Airborne and Ground
Operating Vibration:
Environment:
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
Note 1: The dual outputs have a signal amplitude balance of ± 0.5 dB.
4.75 x 1.55 x 0.51 inches
121 x 39 x 13 mm
4.5 oz (128 g), nominal
SMA (F)
Weight:
RF Connectors:
.51
3X SMA
FEMALE
.29
3X .38
2X .43 TYP
J1
1.55
RF OUT J2
RF IN
1.13
2X 1.3
GND
RF OUT J3
+15V
4.75
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
40
Multipliers
X2 Mulitiplier, 100-250, 200-500 MHz
Model: MUL063
Features:
Š Input Drive Level: +22 dBm (nominal)
Š Hermetically-Sealed Package
Š Low Residual Phase Noise
Š Designed For High Vibration Environments
Electrical Specifications
.51 [13.0]
.17 [4.3]
Input Frequency: 100 to 250 MHz
Output Frequency: 200 to 500 MHz
Conversion Loss:
Fin = 100 to 250 MHz
9.3 dB (typical)
-54° C to +85° C
10.8 dB (maximum)
Fundamental Suppression:
Fin = 100 to 250 MHz
38 dB (typical)
-54° C to +85° C
25 dB (minimum)
Third Harmonic Suppression:
Fin = 100 to 250 MHz
45 dB (typical)
-54° C to +85° C
30 dB (minimum)
Input VSWR:
Fin = 100 to 250 MHz
1.5:1
.016
[0.41]
OUT
.48
[12.3]
.38
[9.8]
.15
[3.8]
IN
.08 [2.0]
.10 [2.5]
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 2004
41
Oscillators
Product Overview
TRAK offers an extensive line of standard models as
well as custom oscillators to 28 GHz. Because of our
“building block” design approach, we have integrated
and qualified many fundamental oscillator circuits in a
wide variety of active microwave products. From stand
alone sources to multi-function assemblies, our
oscillators are used in commercial-industrial, military and
space environments.
Standard Products
TRAK’s standard products are designed to satisfy a
variety of applications—quickly and cost effectively.
Custom Products
If your system requires a totally custom subassembly or
a modified version of a standard TRAK model, one
offering better phase noise, multiple outputs or a unique
package shape, for example, just ask! TRAK’s electrical
and mechanical engineering staff is prepared, equipped
and experienced to meet your precise requirements.
Consequently, if you need to extend your temperature
range, or are moving from prototype to production units,
it is possible we can meet your requirements by simply
using different parts selection criteria or including
additional end-item screening. All product grades are
manufactured in the same TRAK facility under one
Quality Assurance Program.
Use our Oscillator Specifier when you are ready to
define a specific frequency plan, and be sure to include
your unique requirements. Our goal is to provide you
with an integrated product which demonstrates superior
performance and improved reliability while minimizing
size, interfaces, power consumption and cost.
Abbreviations
Throughout this section, we refer to oscillators by a
combination of the abbreviations noted below:
Crystal Oscillators
60 MHz - 28 GHz Product Capabilities
High Stability, ± 0.2 to 30 ppm
Excellent Phase Noise
XO, TCXO, OCXO, VCXO, PLXO
CR - Coaxial Resonator
DR - Dielectric Resonator
Coaxial Resonator Oscillators
500 MHz - 3 GHz Product Capabilities
Typical Stability 20 ppm/°C
Very Good Phase Noise
CRO, VTCRO
O - Oscillator
OC - Oven Controlled
PL - Phase Locked
TC - Temperature Controlled
Dielectric Resonator Oscillators
3 - 28 GHz Product Capabilities
Typical Stability 5 ppm/°C
Very Good Phase Noise
DRO, VTDRO
VT - Voltage Tuned
X - Crystal
Phase Locked CRO/DROs
500 MHz to 28 GHz Product Capabilities
Excellent Phase Noise
Stability As Good As ± 0.5 ppm (internal reference)
PLCRO, PLDRO
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
42
Oscillators
Product Overview
Performance Comparison Matrix
Performance
Characteristic
Frequency
Range
Output
Power
Note 1
Power
Flatness
Frequency Set
Accuracy
Note 2
Frequency
Stability
Value
XO
(AT-Cut)
Mini-XO
(AT-Cut)
OCXO
(SC-Cut)
CRO
PLCRO
60 MHz
1 GHz
2 GHz
4 GHz
8 GHz
12 GHz
28 GHz
✔
✔
✔
$
$
$$
$$
✔
✔
✔
$
$
$$
$$
✔
✔
✔
$
$
$$
$$
+ 10 dBm
+ 20 dBm
+ 30 dBm
✔
✔
$
✔
$
± 1 dB
± 1.5 dB
± 2 dB
$$
$
✔
± 0.5 ppm
± 1 ppm
± 10 ppm
±1 MHz
$
✔
✔
DRO
PLDRO
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
$
✔
✔
✔
✔
$
✔
✔
✔
$
✔
$
✔
$
4
$
$$
$
✔
$$
$
✔
$$
$
✔
$$
$
✔
$$
$
✔
$$
$
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
± 0.1 ppm
± 0.5 ppm
± 5 ppm
± 30 ppm
± 375 ppm
± 5 MHz
± 20 MHz
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
5 x 10E-10/g
2 x 10E-9/g
✔
✔
Electrical
Mechanical
$
✔
$
$
✔
✔
✔
$
1 kHz offset
10 kHz offset
100 kHz offset
1 kHz offset
10 kHz offset
100 kHz offset
-112
-130
-135
-88
-105
-110
-112
-130
-135
-128
-142
-142
-105
-118
-118
-70
-101
-121
Spurious
(Non-Harmonic)
-80 dBc
-70 dBc
-50 dBc
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
Harmonics/
Subharmonics
-70
-40
-35
-30
-25
-15
$$
$
$
✔
✔
✔
$$
$
$
✔
✔
✔
$$
$
$
✔
✔
✔
$$$
$$
$
$
✔
50 mA
100 mA
150 mA
200 mA +
✔
✔
✔
✔
Operating
Temperature (°C)
Standard
Extended
0/+70
-54/+85
0/+70
-54/+85
0/+70
-54/+85
0/+70
-54/+85
0/+70
-54/+85
0/+70
-54/+85
0/+70
-54/+85
Size @ 1(12) GHz
cubic inches
0.88
0.39
1.68
3.19
3.19
(3.19)
(3.19)
14
16
18
32
34
32
34
Vibration
Sensitivity
Tuning
SSB Phase
Noise (dBc/Hz)
Fc = 1 GHz
Fc = 12 GHz
Power Supply
Current
Catalog Page
dBc
dBc
dBc
dBc
dBc
dBc
$
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
-40
-70
-100
-95*
-102*
-102
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
$
✔
✔
$$$
$$
$
$
✔
$$$
$$
$
$
✔
$$$
$$
$
$
✔
-110*
-115*
-120
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
Notes:
1) 2.3 GHz is the maximum frequency for an XO with
+30 dBm output.
✔
Indicates standard unit performance with options.
2) Set accuracy applies at +25 degrees Celsius.
$ $$ $$$ Indicates performance offered with increasing cost factors for
General: Performance variations beyond the limits shown are offered
custom devices.
as custom products, including improved phase noise and
*
Indicates performance depends on reference signal parameters.
stability, or reduced package size.
Legend:
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
43
Oscillators
Product Overview
The electrically induced mechanical motion of a quartz
crystal serves as the resonating element in the basic XO
design. At frequencies up to about 30 MHz, the
fundamental frequency of the crystal is used; at
frequencies up to 200 MHz, operation occurs at odd
harmonics (overtones) of the fundamental frequency;
above 200 MHz, frequency multipliers are incorporated.
TRAK XO products utilize mostly AT and SC-cut crystals.
Typical Applications
LO for Frequency Translation
Radar
Telecommunications
General Purpose Signal Sources
16 GHz Oscillator
Product Types
Product Features
XO (10-100 Series) and Miniature XO (10-001
& 10-101 Series) - These families of fundamental or
multiplied crystal oscillators do not include temperature
compensation. They are useful in applications
requiring moderate frequency precision or stability.
60 - 1440 MHz
Standard XO & OCXO Products
60 MHz-28 GHz
Custom Products (XO, TCXO, OCXO, VCXO, PLXO)
Excellent Stability
Excellent Close-In Phase Noise
Wide Operating Temperatures
Small Packages
Low Vibration Sensitivities
Custom CapabilitiesSpace Qualified Designs
Electrical Or Mechanical Tuning
High Order Frequency Multiplication
Multiple & High Power Outputs
Built-In-Test Circuitry
TCXO - Available as custom products, they include
circuitry which offsets the changes in frequency of the
crystal over temperature. Useful where the need for
small size, low cost and lower power dissipation
outweigh the need for the highest stability offered
by the OCXO.
OCXO (10-400 & 10-450 Series) - These fundamental
and multiplied XOs incorporate an oven to maintain a
constant operating temperature for the crystal
resonator and pertinent oscillator circuitry for the best
stability performance. Warm-up is typically less than
five minutes.
VCXO - This custom product includes circuitry for
electrical tuning over bandwidths of typically + 100
ppm.
PLXO - This type oscillator can be phase locked to a
system clock, such as a rubidium oscillator, providing
the super stability of clock and the improved phase
noise of the crystal. Available as a custom product.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
44
Oscillators
Product Overview
Technical Considerations
Stability: If stability of + 30 ppm will satisfy your
requirements, usually no oven control is needed and
AT-cut XOs can be used. For low phase noise
applications where an SC-cut crystal is necessary,
unheated stability would be closer to + 60 ppm and
heated stability to + 0.2 ppm.
Temperature compensating designs are available for
AT-cut crystals to + 2 ppm.
Warm-Up Time: The warm-up period is driven by the
heater assembly mass and turn-on time requirements.
It should be carefully specified as stability can be
affected.
Phase Noise: The oscillator circuit, buffer design and
crystal selection are the primary determinants in a
source’s noise performance.
Vibration Sensitivity: Typical values are listed.
AT-cut crystal: 1 x 10-9 to 3 x 10-9/g
SC-cut crystal: 1 x 10-10 to 1 x 10-9/g
Voltage Regulation: When using unregulated DC power
supplies and low spurious and phase noise are
essetial, voltage regulation should be incorporated. All
TRAK standard oscillators include voltage regulation.
Packaging: TRAK offers a variety of packaging styles,
including custom configurations. In applications where
both size and stability are important, some technical
trade-offs may be necessary.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
45
Oscillators
Catalog, AT-Cut Crystal Oscillators
Model: OSC 10-000 & 10-100 Series
Features:
Fundamental and Multiplied Crystal Oscillators
Wide Frequency Range Available
Extended Temperature Range Option
Frequency Trim Option
RF Gating Option
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
60 to 1440 MHz
Frequency Set Accuracy (+ 25 °C): ± 10 ppm
Frequency Stability vs Temp.:
± 30 ppm
Aging Rate:
5 ppm first year
Power Output:
See Tables
Phase Noise:
See Figure 1
Spurious:
- 80 dBc, typical
Harmonics & Sub-harmonics: Note 1
+ 8 to + 10 dBm Output: Note 2
- 30 dBc, maximum
+ 16 to + 19 dBm Output: Note 2 - 25 dBc, maximum
Output VSWR:
1.5:1, typical
Supply Voltage:
+ 12 to 18 volts
DC Current:
80 mA, typical
Standard Operating Temperature:
Mechanical Specifications
See Outlines
Options
- 002 Extended Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
- 010 Frequency Trim:
Adds a mechanical adjustment for trimming the
frequency to within ± 1 ppm at room temperature.
- 100 Fast Gating: Note 3
Oscillator remains on at all times.
All other active stages are gated on and off.
Typical Phase Noise
100 MHz
1000 MHz
-50
SSB Level (dBc/Hz)
0 to + 70 °C
On/Off Ratio:
40 dB, typical
Turn On/Off Time: 100 ns, maximum
Gate:
TTL (“1” ON, “0” OFF)
-70
-90
-110
- 200 High Isolation Gating: Note 3
All active stages are gated on and off.
-130
-150
-170
0.01
0.1
1
10
Offset Frequency (kHz)
100
On/Off Ratio:
Infinite
Turn On/Off Time: 5 ms, maximum
Gate:
TTL (“1” ON, “0” OFF)
1000
Note 1: “Sub-harmonics” refers to the unwanted multiples of the fundamental crystal used.
Note 2: See Tables III and IV for models with - 60 dBc harmonics and
sub-harmonics.
Note 3: Options -100 and -200 cannot be combined.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
46
Oscillators
Catalog, AT-Cut Crystal Oscillators
Model: OSC 10-000 & 10-100 Series
Table I Connector Versions (Package A)
.13
1.85
Model Number
10-000-9101-000
10-100-9201-000
10-100-9301-000
10-100-9401-000
10-000-9501-000
10-100-9601-000
10-100-9701-000
10-100-9801-000
1.58
D/C
P/N
1.33
.26
.81
.05
1.33
FEEDTHRU IS REMOVED
IF GATING IS NOT PURCHASED
Output Power
(dBm, min.)
+ 10
+ 10
+ 10
+ 10
+ 19
+ 19
+ 19
+ 18
.350
RF
S/N
FREQ
GATE
D/C
Model Number
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
10-000-9111-000
10-100-9211-000
10-100-9311-000
10-100-9411-000
10-000-9511-000
10-100-9611-000
10-100-9711-000
10-100-9811-000
.570
1.15
GATE
.665
.160
1.015
Package B
.66
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
2.11
2.38
D/C
P/N
1.85
GATE FREQ
Output Power
(dBm, min.)
+8
+8
+8
+8
+ 17
+ 17
+ 17
+ 16
S/N
.13
.26
1.33
.05
.26
.81
.50
FEEDTHRU IS REMOVED
IF GATING IS NOT PURCHASED
.106 DIA THRU
4 PLACES
Package C
.50
1.85
Table IV PCB Versions (Package D)
Frequency Range
(MHz)
RF
OUT
4X 2-56 UNC-2B
.13 MIN. DEPTH
NOTE: FOR PROPER RF GROUNDING,
A GROUND PLANE SHOULD BE PROVIDED
UNDER THE COMPONENT AND SECURED
USING THE 2 MOUNTING HOLES PROVIDED.
GND
10-000-9110-000
10-100-9210-000
10-100-9310-000
10-100-9410-000
10-000-9510-000
10-100-9610-000
10-100-9710-000
10-100-9810-000
DC
.175
O.03
TYP.
V=
Model Number
.09 .09
1.15
.380
DC
P/N
1.33
2X 0-80 UNF-2B
.09 MIN. DEPTH
SEE NOTE
.16
.50
1.33
Models with Improved Harmonics & Sub-Harmonics
(- 60 dBc from DC to three times the output frequency)
Table III Connector Versions (Package C)
Frequency Range
(MHz)
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
.26
.106 DIA THRU
4 PLACES
.50
Package A
Table II PCB Versions (Package B)
Frequency Range
(MHz)
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
S/N
GATE FREQ
10-000-9100-000
10-100-9200-000
10-100-9300-000
10-100-9400-000
10-000-9500-000
10-100-9600-000
10-100-9700-000
10-100-9800-000
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
.66
Output Power
(dBm, min.)
+ 10
+ 10
+ 10
+ 10
+ 19
+ 19
+ 19
+ 18
GND
Model Number
V+
Frequency Range
(MHz)
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
.16
2X 0-80 UNF-2B
.09 MIN. DEPTH
SEE NOTE
.380
DC
P/N
Output Power
(dBm, min.)
1.33
+8
+8
+8
+8
+ 17
+ 17
+ 17
+ 16
S/N
FREQ
GATE
D/C
.09 .09
1.67
.350
.175
RF
O.03
TYP.
DC
RF
OUT
.570
4X 2-56 UNC-2B
1.15
GATE
.665
1.530
.160
.13 MIN. DEPTH
NOTE: FOR PROPER RF GROUNDING,
A GROUND PLANE SHOULD BE PROVIDED
UNDER THE COMPONENT AND SECURED
USING THE 2 MOUNTING HOLES PROVIDED.
Package D
Options:
Options are designated by the last three digits of the model number,
with - 000 indicating no options.
Ordering Information:
Specify the model number, options (if any), and the exact operating
frequency in MHz to the fourth decimal place.
Example:
Model Number 10-000-9100-112, 100.0000 MHz is a 100 MHz
connector-type oscillator with fast gating, frequency trim, and extended
operating temperature. If the only option required is frequency trim,
the Model Number is 10-000-9100-010, 100.0000 MHz.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
47
Oscillators
Catalog, Miniature AT - Cut Crystal Oscillators
Model: OSC 10-001 & 10-101 Series
Features:
Fundamental and Multiplied Crystal Oscillators
Wide Frequency Coverage
Extended Frequency Range Option
RF Gating Option
Environmental Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Frequency Range:
Frequency Set Accuracy (+ 25 °C):
Frequency Stability vs Temperature:
Aging Rate:
Power Output:
Phase Noise:
Spurious:
Harmonics & Sub-harmonics: Note 1
Output VSWR:
Supply Voltage:
DC Current:
Standard Operating Temperature:
60 to 1440 MHz
± 10 ppm
± 30 ppm
5 ppm first year
+ 10 dBm, min
See Figure 1
- 80 dBc, typical
- 30 dBc, max
1.5:1, typical
+ 12 to 18 volts
80 mA, typical
Options
- 002 Extended Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
- 100 Fast Gating:
Oscillator remains on at all times.
All other active stages are gated on and off.
On/Off Ratio:
40 dB, typical
Turn On/Off Time: 100 ns, maximum
Gate:
TTL ( “1” ON, “0” OFF )
Typical Phase Noise
100 MHz
1000 MHz
SSB Level (dBc/Hz)
-50
- 200 High Isolation Gating:
All active stages are gated on and off.
-70
-90
On/Off Ratio:
Infinite
Turn On/Off Time: 5 ms, maximum
-110
-130
Note 1: “Sub-harmonics” refers to the unwanted multiples of the
fundamental crystal used.
Note 2: For non-gated units the gate terminal must be left open
(no connection).
Note 3: Options -100 and -200 cannot be combined.
-150
-170
0.01
0 to + 70 °C
0.1
1
10
Offset Frequency (kHz)
100
1000
Figure 1
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
48
Oscillators
Catalog, Miniature AT - Cut Crystal Oscillators
Model: OSC 10-001 & 10-101 Series
PCB Versions ( Package A)
Frequency Range
(MHz)
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
Surface Mount Versions ( Package B)
Model Number
Frequency Range
(MHz)
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
10-001-9100-000
10-101-9200-000
10-101-9300-000
10-101-9400-000
Model Number
10-001-9500-000
10-101-9600-000
10-101-9700-000
10-101-9800-000
Options:
Options are designated by the last three digits of the
model number, with - 000 indicating no options.
Ordering Information:
Specify the model number, options (if any), and the
exact operating frequency in MHz to the fourth decimal
place.
1.17
3X.880
GATE GND
RF
GND
OUT
B+
GND
3X O.03
3X O.04
3X .145
Example:
Model Number 10-001-9100-102, 100.0000 MHz is a
100 MHz PCB mount oscillator with fast gating and
extended operating temperature.
.16
2X .190
2X .190
.50
2X .335
.67
Package A
Layout for Printed Circuit Design
.060 TYP
.060 TYP
.120 TYP
.100 TYP
B+
1.300
.100
TYP
RF OUT
P/N
S/N
D/C
.650
TTL GATE
2X
.650
.065 MAX
1.300
.310 MAX
.700
TYP
.120 TYP
.060 TYP
+12V
.120
TYP
.060
TYP
RF OUT
TTL GATE
Package B
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
49
Oscillators
Catalog, SC-Cut Ovenized Crystal Oscillators
Model: OSC 10-400 & 10-450 Series
Features:
Fundamental and Multiplied
Wide Frequency Range
Good Temperature Stability
Excellant Vibration Performance
Frequency Trim Available
Electronic Tuning Available
High Performance Applications
Rugged Construction
Improved Spurious & Harmonic Performance
Environmental Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Frequency Range:
Frequency Set Accuracy (+ 25 °C):
Frequency Stability vs Temperature:
Aging Rate:
Power Output:
Phase Noise:
Spurious:
Harmonics & Sub-harmonics: Note 1
+ 8 to +10 dBm output:Note 2
+ 16 to 19 dBm output:Note 2
Output VSWR:
Supply Voltage:
DC Current:
60 to 120 MHz (less heater):
120 to 1440 MHz (less heater):
Heater turn-on current:
Heater current, steady state:
60 to 1440 MHz
± .05 ppm
± .25 ppm
2 ppm first year
See Tables
See Figure 1
- 80 dBc, typical
Standard Operating Temp.:
Vibrational Sensitivity:
0 to + 70 °C
See Options
5 x 10-10 /g, typical
Mechanical Specifications
See Packages
- 30 dBc, max
- 25 dBc, max
1.5:1, typical
+ 12 to 18 volts
- 002 Extended Operating Temperature:
- 54 to + 85 °C (± 1 ppm frequency stability)
Options
- 010 Frequency Trim:
A mechanical adjustment for trimming the
frequency to within ± .05 ppm at room temperature.
60 mA, typical
90 mA, typical
350 mA, typical
150 mA, typical
- 020 Electronic Tuning:
± 2 ppm, minimum
- 090 Combines Options - 010 and - 020
SSB Level (dBc/Hz)
Typical Phase Noise
100 MHz
1000 MHz
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
- 300 Phase Noise Test with Guaranteed Phase
Noise Performance Note 3
Note 1: “Sub-harmonics” refers to the unwanted multiples of the
fundamental crystal used.
Note 2: See Tables III and IV for models with - 60 dBc harmonics and
sub-harmonics.
Note 3: Option - 300 is only available on orders for two or more
identical oscillators that incorporate option - 090.
0.01
0.1
1
10
Offset Frequency (kHz)
100
1000
Figure 1
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
50
Oscillators
Catalog, SC-Cut Ovenized Crystal Oscillators
Model: OSC 10-400 & 10-450 Series
Table I Connector Versions
Frequency Range Model Number Output Power Package
(MHz)
(dBm, min.)
60-120
10-400-9100-000
+ 10
A
121 - 360
10-450-9200-000
+ 10
B-1
361 - 720
10-450-9300-000
+ 10
B-1
721 - 1440
10-450-9400-000
+ 10
B-1
60 - 120
10-400-9500-000
+ 19
A
121 - 360
10-450-9600-000
+ 19
B-1
361 - 720
10-450-9700-000
+ 19
B-1
721 - 1440
10-450-9800-000
+ 18
B-1
1.50
1.32
.09
.75
DC
P/N
RF
1.50
DC
1.32
GND
S/N
GND
FREQ
RF OUT
VT
D/C
.102 DIA THRU
4 PLACES
VT
FREQUENCY TRIM
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
.75
Package A
A
B
Table II PCB Versions
Frequency Range Model Number Output Power Package
(MHz)
(dBm, min.)
60-120
10-400-9101-000
+ 10
C
121 - 360
10-450-9201-000
+ 10
D-1
361 - 720
10-450-9301-000
+ 10
D-1
721 - 1440
10-450-9401-000
+ 10
D-1
60 - 120
10-400-9501-000
+ 19
C
121 - 360
10-450-9601-000
+ 19
D-1
361 - 720
10-450-9701-000
+ 19
D-1
721 - 1440
10-450-9801-000
+ 18
D-1
DC
P/N
DC
RF S/N
1.50
GND
.102 DIA THRU
4 PLACES
1.32
GND
FREQ
RF OUT
.09
.09
.75
VT FREQ
ADJ
D/C
VT
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
.75
- 2 A = 2.75, B = 2.57
-1 A = 2. 25, B = 2.07
Package B
1.50
.16
.75
1.50
Models with Improved Harmonics & Sub-Harmonics
(- 60 dBc from DC to three times the output frequency)
Table III Connector Versions
Frequency Range Model Number Output Power Package
(MHz)
(dBm, min.)
60-120
10-400-9110-000
+8
B-1
121 - 360
10-450-9210-000
+8
B-2
361 - 720
10-450-9310-000
+8
B-2
721 - 1440
10-450-9410-000
+8
B-2
60 - 120
10-400-9510-000
+ 17
B-1
121 - 360
10-450-9610-000
+ 17
B-2
361 - 720
10-450-9710-000
+ 17
B-2
721 - 1440
10-450-9810-000
+ 16
B-2
.09 .09
DC
P/N
RF
S/N
FREQ
.480
RF
OUT
.570
VT
O.04
TYP.
VT
2X 0-80 UNF-2B
.09 MIN. DEPTH
SEE NOTE
1.32
DC
1.32
D/C
.240
.750
.470
.160
FREQUENCY TRIM
1.190
4X 2-56 UNC-2B
.13 MIN. DEPTH
NOTE: FOR PROPER RF GROUNDING,
A GROUND PLANE SHOULD BE PROVIDED
UNDER THE COMPONENT AND SECURED
USING THE 2 MOUNTING HOLES PROVIDED.
Package C
1.50
P/N
RF
S/N
D/C
Table IV PCB Versions
Model Number Output Power Package
(dBm, min.)
10-400-9111-000
+8
D-1
10-450-9211-000
+8
D-2
10-450-9311-000
+8
D-2
10-450-9411-000
+8
D-2
10-400-9511-000
+ 17
D-1
10-450-9611-000
+ 17
D-2
10-450-9711-000
+ 17
D-2
10-450-9811-000
+ 16
D-2
DC
B
.09
.16
.75
A
FREQ
Frequency Range
(MHz)
60-120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
60 - 120
121 - 360
361 - 720
721 - 1440
.09
2 X 0-80 UNF-2B
.09 MIN. DEPTH
SEE NOTE
.480
DC
1.32
RF
OUT
.570
FREQ
VT ADJ
.470
VT
.09
O .04 TYP
-1 A = 2.25, B = 2.07, C = 1.94
.160
.240
.750
C
- 2 A = 2.75, B = 2.57, C = 2.44
Package D
Example:
Model Number 10-400-9100-012, 100.000000 MHz is a standard 100
MHz oscillator with connector, frequency trim, and extended operating
temperature options.
Model Number 10-400-9110-012, 100.000000 MHz is the same as the
above example except that it also has improved harmonics and
sub-harmonics.
Options:
Options are designated by the last three digits of the model number, with - 000 indicating no options.
Ordering Information:
Specify the model number, options (if any), and the exact operating frequency in MHz to the sixth decimal place.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
51
Oscillators
Catalog, CROs and DROs
Model: OSC 10-500 & 10-600 Series
Features:
GaAs FET and Bipolar CROs and DROs
Voltage Tuned Option Included
Extended Temperature Range Option
Rugged Construction
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
CRO and VTCRO:
0.5 to 3 GHz
DRO and VTDRO:
3 to 12 GHz
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm, minimum
Frequency Drift vs. Temp:
CRO and VTCRO:
20 ppm / °C, typical
DRO and VTDRO:
5 ppm / °C, typical
Frequency Pushing:
5 kHz / volt, typical (± .5 volts)
Frequency Pulling
1 MHz p/p, typical (2:1 load)
Phase Noise:
See Figure 1
Spurious:
- 80 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
- 15 dBc, maximum
Output VSWR:
1.5:1, typical
Supply Voltage:
+ 12 to 18 volts
DC Current:
80 mA, typical
Standard Operating Temperature:
0 to + 70 °C
Mechanical Specifications
See Packages
Options
- 002 Extended Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
Typical Phase Noise
SSB Level (dBc/Hz)
1 GHz
0
-20
-40
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-160
-180
0.1
1
12 GHz
10
100
Offset Frequency (kHz)
1000
10000
Figure 1
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
52
Oscillators
Catalog, CROs and DROs
Model: OSC 10-500 & 10-600 Series
Standard Unit
Model Number
Type
Package
10-500-9000-000
10-500-9100-000
10-550-9000-000
10-550-9100-000
10-550-9200-000
CRO
CRO
DRO
DRO
DRO
A
A
B
B
B
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
4 PLACES
.09
2.25
2X 2.07
.09
GND
+15V
2X .09
1.10
2.25
RF OUT
Frequency Range
(GHz)
0.5 to 1.5
1.5 to 3.0
3.0 to 5.0
5.0 to 8.0
8.0 to 12.0
2.07
2X .09
2X .09
2X .37
.53
2X .21
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
.63
MAX
Package A
Note 1
Type
Package
CRO
CRO
DRO
DRO
DRO
C
C
D
D
D
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
4 PLACES
.09
2.25
2X 2.07
.09
GND
+15V
2X .09
1.10
2.25
2.07
FREQ
ADJ
2X .09
2X .09
2X .37
Note 1: Voltage tuning will be sufficient to overcome any temperature
drift with an input voltage between + 1 and 9 volts applied to the
votage tune port.
.53
2X .21
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
.63
MAX
RF OUT
Voltage Tuned Unit
Frequency Range Model Number
(GHz)
0.5 to 1.5
10-600-9000-000
1.5 to 3.0
10-600-9100-000
3.0 to 5.0
10-650-9000-000
5.0 to 8.0
10-650-9100-000
8.0 to 12.0
10-650-9200-000
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
.25 NOM
Package B
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
4 PLACES
.09
2.25
2X 2.07
.09
+15V
GND
2X .09
VT
1.10
RF OUT
2.25
2.07
2X .09
2X .09
2X .37
.53
2X .21
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
.63
MAX
Package C
Option:
For extended operating temperature range, change the
last digit in the model number to “2”.
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
4 PLACES
.09
Ordering Information:
Specify the model number, option (if required), and the
exact operating frequency in GHz to the fourth decimal
place.
2.25
2X 2.07
.09
+15V
GND
2X .09
1.10
VT
2.07
Example:
Model Number 10-650-9000-002, 3.1521 GHz is a voltage
tuned unit with extended operating temperature, operating
at 3.1521 GHz.
FREQ
ADJ
2X .09
2X .09
2X .37
.53
2X .21
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
.63
MAX
RF OUT
2.25
SMA FEMALE CONNECTOR
.25 NOM
Package D
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
53
Oscillators
Catalog, Phased Locked CROs and DROs
Model: OSC 10-700 & 10-750 Series
Features:
GaAs FET and Bipolar PLOs
Wide Range of Frequency Source Applications
Low Phase Noise Internal Reference Option
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
PLCRO:
PLDRO:
Output Power:
External Reference Freq.: Note 1, 2
External Reference Input Power:
Phase Noise:
Output VSWR:
Load VSWR:
Harmonics:
Spurious:
Power Supply:
DC Current:
Lock BIT:
Standard Operating Temperature:
0.5 to 3 GHz
3 to 12 GHz
+ 10 dBm, minimum
5 to 150 MHz
0 dBm ± 3 dB
See Figure 1
1.5:1, typical
3.0:1, maximum
- 15 dBc, maximum
- 70 dBc, maximum
+ 12 to 18 volts
See Tables
TTL (“1” for Lock)
0 to + 70 °C
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
See Packages
Options
- 002 Extended Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
- 030 5 MHz Phase Locked External Reference
- 040 10 MHz Phase Locked External Reference
- 300 Phase Noise Test with Guaranteed Phase
Noise Performance Note 3
Typical Phase Noise
3 GHz
10 GHz
Note 1: Reference frequencies below 25 MHz are only available on
PLCROs.
Note 2: If the output frequency cannot be evenly divided by the
reference, please contact the factory.
Note 3: Option - 300 is only available on orders for two or more
identical oscillators.
SSB Level (dBc/Hz)
-50
-70
-90
-110
-130
-150
-170
0.1
1
10
100
Offset Frequency (kHz)
1000
10000
Figure 1
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
54
Oscillators
Catalog, Phased Locked CROs and DROs
Model: OSC 10-700 & 10-750 Series
1.10
2.25
S/N
FREQ
P/N
2.07
2X .09
2X .09
2X.37
.63
MAX
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
4 PLACES
.09
.09
1.10
2.25
2.07
S/N
FREQ
P/N
FREQ
ADJ
Internal Reference ± 0.5 ppm Stability
(+ 15 V @ 500 mA, Typical)
C
C
D
D
D
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
8 PLACES
2.25
2X 2.07
.09
.09
2X .09
1.10
Note 1: See Options - 030 and - 040 for phase locking the internal
reference to an external 5 or 10 MHz signal. These options are
useful when the stability of an external source, such as a rubidium
oscillator, and the close-in phase noise of a crystal oscillator are
required.
2.25
S/N
FREQ
P/N
2.07
1.19
.53
4X .09
2X .25
2X .53
2X .76
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
SEE
NOTE
1.72
+15V 0V
10
10
10
10
10
1.07
SMA FEMALE CONNECTORS
4 PLACES
2X 1.04
1.30
NOTE: FOR PHASE LOCKED INTERNAL REFERENCE ONLY.
Options:
Options are designated by the last three digits of the model
number, with - 000 indicating no options.
Package C
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
8 PLACES
Example:
Model Number 10-700-9000-002, 1.055 GHz is a standard unit
operating at 1.055 GHz, with the - 002 extended operating
temperature option.
2.25
2X 2.07
.09
.09
2X .09
1.10
2.25
2.07
4X .09
2X .25
2X .53
2X .76
Model Number 10-700-9600-040, 1.450 GHz is a 1.45 GHz
PLCRO with a ± 0.5 ppm stability internal reference that is phase
locked to an externally supplied 10 MHz signal. The Model
Number for the same unit with the extended operating temperature
option - 002 included would be 10-700-9600-042, 1.450 GHz.
S/N
FREQ
P/N
FREQ
ADJ
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
.25 NOM
2X 1.04
1.30
1.19
.53
SEE
NOTE
1.72
+15V 0V
Ordering Information:
Specify the model number, options (if any), and the exact
operating frequency in GHz to the most significant digit.
REF IN RF OUT
or
or
or
or
or
Package B
GND
5
5
5
5
5
LA
.25 NOM
External Reference Package
Frequency (MHz)
(Option) Note 1
REF IN RF OUT
10-700-9600-000
10-700-9700-000
10-750-9600-000
10-750-9700-000
10-750-9800-000
2X .21
SMA FEMALE CONNECTORS
2 PLACES
LA
1.5
3.0
5.0
8.0
12.0
.63
MAX
1.19
.53
GND
to
to
to
to
to
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
OV +15V
0.5
1.5
3.0
5.0
8.0
Model Number
2X .09
2X .37
GND
2X .09
2X .09
Frequency Range
(GHz)
øV +15V
2.25
2X 2.07
RF OUT REF IN
C
C
D
D
D
GND
LA
10
10
10
10
10
LA
or
or
or
or
or
LA
Package A
Phase Lock
Package
Frequency (MHz)
Note 1
(Option)
5
5
5
5
5
SMA FEMALE CONNECTORS
2 PLACES
GND
LA
10-700-9300-000
10-700-9400-000
10-750-9300-000
10-750-9400-000
10-750-9500-000
1.19
.53
2X .21
.109 DIA THRU
3 PLACES
RF OUT REFIN
0.5 to 1.5
1.5 to 3.0
3.0 to 5.0
5.0 to 8.0
8.0 to 12.0
Model Number
GND
2X .09
A
A
B
B
B
Internal Reference ± 30 ppm Stability
(+ 15 V @ 330 mA, Typical)
Frequency Range
(GHz)
ØV +15V
5 to 100
10 to 100
25 to 150
50 to 150
50 to 150
2.25
2X 2.07
OV +15V
10-700-9000-000
10-700-9100-000
10-750-9000-000
10-750-9100-000
10-750-9200-000
2-56UNC-2B
X .20 DEEP
4 PLACES .09 .09
External Reference Package
Frequency (MHz)
RF OUT REFIN
0.5 to 1.5
1.5 to 3.0
3.0 to 5.0
5.0 to 8.0
8.0 to 12.0
Model Number
RF OUTREF IN
Standard Unit (+ 15 V @ 180 mA, Typical)
Frequency Range
(GHz)
1.07
SMA FEMALE CONNECTORS
4 PLACES
NOTE: FOR PHASE LOCKED INTERNAL REFERENCE ONLY.
Package D
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
55
Oscillators
High Stability OCXO 100 MHz
Model: OSC020
Features:
SC - Cut Crystal
Excellent Stability: ± 0.2 ppm, typical
Low Vibration Sensitivity: 5 x 10 -10/g
Wide Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 85 °C
Excellant Ripple Voltage Rejection for EMI
Suppression
DC Regulated & Filtered
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency: 100 MHz
± 1 ppm / year, maximum
Stability:
Temperature Stability: ± 0.2 ppm, typical
Warm-Up Time:
6 minutes, typical
Set Accuracy:
± 0.1 ppm
Output Power:
+ 6 dBm ± 1.5 dB, typical
Output VSWR:
2.0:1, typical
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical): Note 1
Offset
10 Hz
- 90
100 Hz
- 120
1 kHz
- 147
10 kHz
- 160
Spurious: Note 1
> - 80 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
- 50 dBc, typical
Vibration Sensitivity:
5 x 10 -10/g , typical
DC Power:
+ 15 V ± 2%
Ripple
200 mVpp (10 Hz to 100 kHz);
all spurious within specified levels
Steady-State
180 mA, nominal (- 54 °C);
45 mA, nominal (+ 85 °C)
Warm-Up
300 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
2.7 W, nominal (- 54 °C)
Operating Temperature:
Operating Vibration:
Environment:
- 54 to + 85 °C, baseplate
6 grms
Airborne and Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
Weight:
RF Connectors:
2 x 2 x 0.75 inches
51 x 51 x 19 mm
3 oz (85 g), nominal
SMA (Female)
.140
MAX
2.00
.75
MAX
2X O .030
SMA RF
CONNECTOR
2.00
FREQ
ADJ
4X .45
Note 1: Static conditions only.
4X 6-32 UNC-2A
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
56
Oscillators
Vibration Isolated XO, 125 MHz
Model: OSC021
Features:
Very Low Vibration Sensitivity
Low Phase Noise: - 170 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz
Includes Vibration Damping System
Wide Operating Temperature: - 54 to + 80 °C
DC Regulated for Excellant Ripple Rejection
Blindmate Connections
Rugged Construction
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Freq.:
Accuracy:
Warm-Up Time:
Frequency Drift:
Output Power:
Operating Temperature:
Operating Vibration:
Environment:
60 - 125 MHz, customer specified
± 25 ppm, typical
2 milliseconds to within ± 50 ppm
0.25 ppm/sec, maximum
+ 15 dBm ± 3 dB (Port 1)
+ 2 dBm, nominal (Port 2, test port)
VSWR:
1.6:1, typical
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical): Note 1
Offset
10 Hz - 70
100 Hz - 105
1 kHz - 140
10 kHz - 165
0.1 to 1 MHz - 170
Spurious:
- 85 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 30 dBc, typical; - 20 dBc, max
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 0.2 V @ 50 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:0.75 W, nominal
- 54 to + 80 °C, baseplate
up to 15 grms
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
Weight:
RF and DC Connectors:
3.12 x 1.3 x 0.93 inches
79 x 33 x 24 mm
5.29 oz (150 g), nominal
Blindmate GPO® series.
Note 1: Static conditions only. See plot.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
57
Oscillators
Miniature VCXO, 150 MHz
Model: OSC022
Features:
Pin Mount Package: < 0.7 cubic inches
Low Spurious: > - 80 dBc
Low Vibration Sensitivity: < 2.5 x 10 -9/g, typical
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency:
150 MHz Note 1
Electrical Tuning Range:
± 30 kHz (200 ppm)
Tuning Voltage Range:
±5V
Frequency Settling Time:
300 µsec to within 10 Hz of the final
value for a 5 V change
Temperature Stability:
less than 0.625 Hz/sec after warm-up
Warm Up Time: less than 3 minutes from - 32 °C
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm ± 1 dB, typical
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 Hz
- 60
100 Hz
- 92
1 kHz
- 120
10 kHz
- 142
Spurious:
- 80 dBc, maximum @ offsets < 10 MHz
- 60 dBc, maximum @ offsets ≥ 10 MHz
Harmonics:
- 50 dBc, typical
Output VSWR:
2.0:1 maximum
Frequency Pulling:
0.3 kHz, typical; 2 kHz, maximum Note 2
Frequency Pushing:
< 0.1 kHz/V, typical; 2 kHz/V, maximum Note 2
Vibration Sensitivity:
2.5 x 10 -9/g, typical; 5 x 10 -9/g, maximum
DC Power: + 15 V ± 10% @ 100 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
1.5 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 54 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding pins):
1.5 x 0.8 x 0.56 inches
38 x 20 x 14 mm
0.73 oz (20.7 g), nominal
Pins
Weight:
DC & RF Connectors:
.56
.80
GND
CONT
CONTROL
B+
GND
GND
GND
B+
1.50
D/C
S/N
P/N
RF OUT
GND
GND
RF
.25
Note 1: Other operating frequencies are available.
Note 2: Pushing and pulling requirements are referenced to 10 dB
return loss at all phases.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
58
Oscillators
S-Level Beacon Transmitter Source, 4 GHz
Model: OSC027
Features:
Excellent Long Term Stability:
± 8 ppm over 18 years
Good Temperature Stability:
± 0.8 ppm per any + 25 °C
IF & RF Outputs: UHF & S-Band
Fully Redundant OCXO Function
Low Power Consumption: < 2 watts
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
RF Output
Operating Frequency:
4 GHz
Long Term Stability:
± 8 ppm/18 yr life
Temperature Stability:
< ± 0.8 ppm over any 25 °C variation
Power Level:
+ 4 dBm, nominal
Power Variation:
± 0.8 dB, maximum
Output VSWR:
1.68:1, maximum
Spurious:
- 65 dBc, nominal
Harmonics:
- 65 dBc, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 Hz
- 50
1 kHz
- 110
10 kHz
- 120
1 MHz
- 124
DC Power:
Surge
+ 9 ± 0.75 V @ 330 mA, nominal
Steady State (Vacuum)
+ 9 ± 0.75 V @ 220 mA, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 20 to + 75 °C, baseplate
Space
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
Weight:
RF Connectors:
DC Connector:
4 x 3.6 x .88 inches
102 x 91 x 22 mm
12.5 oz (354 g), nominal
SMA-Female, Removable
DC Feedthroughs
UHF UHF
OSC
SELECT
CONTROL
{
OCXO "1"
XM
XN
4 GHz
OCXO "2"
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
59
Oscillators
S-Level OCXO, 10.3 GHz
Model: OSC029
Features:
Excellent Long Term Stability: ± 1.2 ppm over 10
years
Low Spurious: - 95 dBc typical
Low Phase Noise: - 95 dBc/Hz @ 2 kHz offset
Space Qualified: 10 Years In-Orbit Life
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency:10.3 GHz
Freq. Stability, Long Term:
± 1.2 ppm over 10 year life
Short Term Frequency Drift:
± 0.2 ppm (- 15 to + 65 °C)
Output Power:
+ 9 dBm ± 1 dB (Port 1)
Output Power, Test Port:
- 5 dBm, nominal (Port 2)
VSWR:
1.5: 1, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 Hz
- 40
100 Hz
- 82
1 kHz
- 90
2 - 10 kHz
- 95
0.1 - 1 MHz
- 117
Spurious (typical):
- 95 dBc @ offsets ≤ 500 MHz
- 70 dBc @ offsets ≥ 500 MHz
Harmonics:
- 30 dBc, maximum
DC Power: Note 1
Oscillator
+ 15 ± 0.2 V @ 80 mA, nominal (1.2 W)
Heater, Steady State
+ 16 ± 0.6 V @ 120 mA, nominal (1.92 W)
Heater, Turn-on
+ 16 ± 0.6 V @ 300 mA, maximum
Power Consumption: Note 1
3.12 W, nominal
In-Orbit Life:
10 years
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 15 to + 65 °C, baseplate
Space
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
Weight:
RF Connectors:
6.5 x 1.6 x 1.25 inches
165 x 41 x 32 mm
16 oz (450 g), nominal
SMA Female
HEATER
10.3 GHz
+9 dBm
X900
11.44 MHz
OCXO
TEST PORT
-5 dBm
Note 1: These measurements are based on + 25 °C baseplate and
vacuum conditions. Standard pressure measurements vary.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
60
Oscillators
Crystal Oscillator, 16 GHz
Model: OSC030
Features:
Low Vibration Sensitivity: 5 x 10 -10/g , max.
Custom Low Profile Package
DC Regulation & Filtering
Blindmate Connections
Custom Designs Available
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency: 16 GHz
Stability:
± 50 ppm over temperature Note 1
Output Power:
+ 13 dBm ± 1.5 dB, maximum
VSWR:
1.3:1, typical; 2.0:1, maximum
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical)
Offset
100 Hz
- 70
1 kHz
- 100
10 kHz
- 115
100 kHz
- 120
Spurious (.01-22 GHz):- 70 dBc, typical; - 60 dBc, max
Harmonics:
- 30 dBc, typical; - 20 dBc, max
DC Power:
+ 15 ± 0.6 V @ 170 mA, nominal
Power Consumption: 2.55 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Vibration Sensitivity:
Environment:
- 54 to + 90 °C, baseplate
≤ 2 x 10 -10 / g, typical
Missile
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
DC & RF Connectors:
See Outline
3 oz (85 g), nominal
GPO Interconnect
3.35
.5
2X .18
2X .67
Note 1: Unit does not have temperature compensation or heater circuitry.
2X .60
1.45
RF
D/C
S/N
4.35
RF CONN
J1
.50
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
61
Oscillators
Space Qualified PLO Family, 2, 10, 12, 14 GHz
Model: OSC036
Features:
Internal Voltage Regulation
Low Noise
Small Size: 3.2 cubic inches
Withstands 80 grms Vibration
Phase Locked to External 100 MHz Oscillator
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency:
2, 10, 12 or 14 GHz
Reference Input:
100 MHz @ - 1 dBm ± 2 dB
Frequency Stability:
Same as input reference signal
Output Power:
+ 16 dBm ± 1 dB, nominal
Load VSWR:
1.6:1, maximum
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical): Note 1
Offset
2 GHz Output
10 Hz
- 40
100 Hz
- 90
1 kHz
- 115
100 kHz
- 120
1 MHz
- 145
2 MHz
- 148
Output Integrated Noise:
DSB -10 Hz to 10 MHz 2.7 degrees rms, maximum
0.8 degrees rms, typical
Spurious:
> - 80 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
> - 40 dBc, typical
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock (Analog Output,Varactor Tuning Voltage)
DC Power:
+ 16.5 ± 1 V @ 95 mA, nominal
+ 9 ± 0.75 V @ 200 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
3.41 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
+ 10 to + 60°C, baseplate
Extended Operating Temp.: Note 2 - 31 to + 85°C, baseplate
Environment:
Space
Random Vibration:
80 grms, without damage
Mechanical Shock:
1500 g, without damage
Life:
12+ years
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (excluding projections) 2.25 x 2.25 x 0.625 inches
57 x 57 x 16 mm
Connectors:
Feedthrough Pins
Weight:
4 oz (113 g), maximum
4X
.250 MAX
.150 MIN
2.25
REF IN
Vt
+16.5V
2.25
+9V
P/N
S/N
Note 1: Close-in phase noise is relative to the input noise levels of the
reference oscillator.
Note 2: Performance may vary over the extended operating
temperatures.
RF OUT
GND
.625 MAX
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
62
Oscillators
Low Noise Phase Locked DRO, 6.6 GHz
Model: OSC037
Features:
Š Low Noise: - 138 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz offset
Š Dual Loop Design
Š Suitable for Low Cost, High Volume Applications
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency:
6.6 GHz
Input Reference Signal:
5 MHz @ + 2 dBm ± 3 dB
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm ± 2 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
Free-Running
Phase Locked
10 Hz
- 27
- 43
100 Hz
- 60
- 55
1 kHz
- 95
- 84
10 kHz
- 118
- 114
100 kHz
- 138
- 122
Spurious:
- 75 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 25 dBc, maximum
VSWR:
1.25:1
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock Indication, TTL “1” = locked condition
DC Power:
+ 12 V ± 1.5 % @ 160 mA, nominal
+ 5 V ± 1.5 % @ 15 mA, nominal
- 12 V ± 1.5 % @ 85 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
3.1 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
0 to + 70 °C, baseplate
Defense and Commercial
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (excluding connectors)
Weight:
0.91 x 0.91 x 0.27 inches
23 x 23 x 7 mm
0.17 oz (4.7 g), approx.
Note 1: Unit does not have temperature compensation or heater circuitry.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
63
Oscillators
Hybrid PLO, 12 GHz
Model: OSC038
Features:
Š Small Size: 0.8 cubic inches and 2.3 ounces
Š Low Power Dissipation: 1.4 W
Š Low Phase Noise: - 105 dBc/Hz @ 10 kHz
Š Wide Operating Temperature: - 30 to + 85 °C
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Freq.:
11.95 GHz
Reference Input:
50 MHz @ + 7 dBm, minimum
Frequency Stability: Same as input reference signal
Warm-Up Time:
1 second, maximum
Output Power:
+ 10 to + 13 dBm, typical
VSWR:
1.5:1, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 Hz
- 40
100 Hz
- 70
1 kHz
- 95
10 kHz
- 105
100 kHz
- 105
10 MHz
- 145
Spurious:
> - 60 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
> - 30 dBc, typical
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock (TTL “1” = Lock)
DC Power:
+ 12 V ± 5 % @ 130 mA, nominal
- 5 V ± 5 % @ 10 mA, nominal
Power Consumption: 1.6 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 30 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (excluding connectors)
Weight:
2 x 1 x 0.4 inches
51 x 25 x 10 mm
2.3 oz (65.2 g), nominal
RF IN
E3: LOCK ALARM
E4: GND
E1: + 12V
RF OUT
1.00
E2: - 5V
SERNO
XXX
2.00
.100
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
64
Oscillators
Miniature PLDRO, 5.2 GHz
Model: OSC039
Features:
Small Size: 3 cubic inches
+ 16 dBm Output Power
Low Spurious and Harmonics
Rugged Construction: Airborne Environment
Phase Locked to External 100 MHz Source
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Freq.:
5.2 GHz
Reference Input:
100 MHz @ 0 dBm ± 3 dB
Frequency Stability: Same as input reference signal
Output Power:
+ 16 dBm ± 1 dB
VSWR:
2:1, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
20 Hz
- 40
100 Hz
- 80
1 kHz
- 95
20 kHz
- 113
100 kHz
- 117
1 MHz
- 142
10 MHz
- 149
AM Noise:
0.12 % rms, max (20 to 3000 Hz)
FM Noise:
2.7 Hz rms, max (20 to 3000 Hz)
Spurious:
> - 80 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
> - 40 dBc, typical
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock (CMOS “1” = Lock)
DC Power:
+ 15.5 V ± 4 % @ 237 mA, nominal
- 15.5 V ± 4 % @ 80 mA, nominal
Power Consumption:
5 W, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 54 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (excluding projections)
2.125 x 1.5 x 0.95 inches
54 x 38 x 24 mm
Connectors:
GPO type
Weight:
4.5 oz (128 g), maximum
.625
MIN
+ 15V
-15V
1.50
1.200
L/I
1.27
.850
GND
.350
.23
.95
2.125 MAX
.26
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
65
Oscillators
Voltage Tuned DRO, 26.55 GHz
Model: OSC040
Features:
Low Phase Noise: - 85 dBc/Hz @ 10 kHz
offset
Good Power Flatness: Less than ± 0.5 dB, typical
Wide Operating Temperature: - 35 to + 75 °C
Phase Locking Capability
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency: 26.55 GHz
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm, typical
Tuning Voltage:
+ 1 to 7 V
Tuning Sensitivity:
2 MHz / V, minimum
Tuning Sensitivity Variation:
1.5:1, nominal
Temperature Stability: ± 2 MHz, typical
Harmonics:
- 15 dBc, typical
Sub-Harmonics:
- 30 dBc, minimum
Spurious:
- 70 dBc, typical
SSB Phase Noise:
Offset
10 kHz
- 85, typical
100 kHz
- 110, typical
1 MHz
- 125, maximum
Pushing:
< 0.25 MHz / V, typical
Pulling:
< ± 25 kHz, typical (4:1 VSWR)
DC Power:
+ 12.5 ± 2.5 V @ 122 mA, nominal
Ripple:
1.2 V peak to peak
Power Consumption: 183 mW, nominal
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 35 to + 75 °C, baseplate
Commercial (Ground)
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (excluding pins)
Connectors:
Weight:
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.75 inches
41 x 41 x 19 mm
Gilbert (Male)
2.35 oz (67 g)
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
66
Oscillators
Ultra Low Noise Crystal Oscillators, 100 MHz
Model: OSC044
Features:
Low Noise -179dB/Hz @100 kHz
Excellant Performance Under Vibration
Wide Temperature Range
DC Regulation and Filtering Included
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Frequency:
Accuracy:
Warm-Up Time:
Frequency Drift:
Output Power:
VSWR:
Operating Temperature:
Operating Vibration:
Environment:
60 - 125 MHz customer specified
± 25 ppm, typical
2 milliseconds to within ± 50 ppm
0.25 ppm/sec, maximum
+ 23 dBm ± 3 dB
1.6:1 typical
- 54 to + 80 °C baseplate
up to 15 grms
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size
SSB Phase Noise : Note 1
offset
10 Hz
- 95 dBc/Hz, typical
100 Hz
- 125 dBc/Hz, typical
1 kHz
- 155 dBc/Hz, typical
10 kHz
- 177 dBc/Hz, typical
0.1 to 1 MHz
<- 179 dBc/Hz, typical
(excluding connectors):
3.0 x 1.13 x 0.93 inches
76.2 x 28.7 x 24 mm
<3.6 oz nominal
100 gms
Blindmate GPO® series.
Weight:
RF and DC Connectors:
Carrier = 100 MHz
-70
Spurious:
Harmonics:
DC Power:
Power Consumption:
- 85 dBc, maximum
- 30 dBc, typical
- 20 dBc, maximum
+16 V @ 100 mA, nominal
1.6 W, nominal
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
Note 1: Static conditions only. See plot.
-140
-150
-160
-170
-180
-190
10
100
1K
£[f]
10K
100K
1M
10M
[ dBc/Hz ] vs f [Hz]
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
67
Oscillators
Miniature Oscillator, 1 GHz
Model: OSC045
Features:
Very Small Package
Switched Transmit Output
Rugged Construction
Dual RF Outputs
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Freq.:
≈ 1 GHz
Accuracy:
± 50 MHz
Rx Output Power:
0 dBm ± 2 dB
Tx Output Power:
+ 17 dBm ± 2.5 dB
VSWR (Tx & Rx):
1.5:1
Tx & Rx Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
50 kHz
- 77
100 kHz
- 86
500 kHz
- 107
25 MHz
- 135
Spurious:
< - 60 dBc
Harmonics:
- 10 dBc, max
Tx On/Off Isolation:
> - 25 dB
Tx Switch Rise/Fall Time: <10 nsec
DC Power:
+ 15 V @ 350 mA, max
- 15 V @ 40 mA, max
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 40 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Missile
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (excluding projections)
2.125 x 1.5 x 0.95 inches
54 x 38 x 24 mm
Connectors:
RF
Blindmate GPO® Series
DC
Pins (.03”)
1.840±.010
.180
1.660±.002
SEE VIEW A
.090
1.480
2X .056
2X .090
2X .180
J1
J2
2X .255
.700
2X GILBERT GPPO
RF CONNECTORS
P/N 0118-915-1
OR EQUIVALENT.
2X .700±.002
2X .880
E6
E5
E4
E3
E2
E1
.090
6X
6X ROUNDED OR
CHAMFERED
4X
.105
.099
.110
.094
.150
6X
.023
2X .180
1.300±.002
.496
5X .100
=.500
.150
.002
4X .030
THIS PIN IS GROUND AND
IS TIED TO THE CASE.
6X .066±.002
.023
FIDUCIAL HOLE
VIEW A
.175±.010
SCALE: 10/1
2 PL
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 1/04
68
Frequency Synthesizers
Product Overview
TRAK manufactures high reliability standard and custom
designed synthesizers over the frequency range of 0.1 to
20 GHz. Our products typically settle in frequency in
much less than 250 µs and are ideal for military and
commercial applications needing both high
performance and small size.
Because our synthesizers have a long heritage in
defense applications, our electrical and mechanical
designs offer superior performance over the toughest
environments, including both shipboard and high
vibration airborne.
In addition, our engineering staff is specially trained and
experienced in handling requirements for super fast
settling, low phase noise, integrity under vibration,
thermal management, and size and weight reduction.
Low Phase Noise Synthesizers Used For Data Links
Typical Applications
By drawing upon a library of established designs, all of
TRAK’s synthesizer products demonstrate repeatable
performance and good producibility.
TRAK’s synthesizers are used in data links,
communication systems, radar decoys, fire control radar,
direction finding equipment, ground penetrating radar,
reconnaissance systems and EW receiver processors.
Evidence of TRAK’s international reputation is indicated
by our numerous positions as sole-source-supplier on
high profile and technically challenging programs for
commercial and defense applications. Common to all of
our customers is a paramount demand for performance,
quality and long term program commitment.
Radar Subsystems
Communications Subsystems
Receiver Subsystems
EW Subsystems
Product Features
Product Types
Standard (60-000 Series) - Designed for quick delivery,
these 1.7 in3 indirect VCO-based synthesizers offer up to
650 MHz bandwidth from 400 MHz to almost 5 GHz.
Custom - TRAK specializes in custom designed
synthesizers; we offer a variety of synthesis techniques
in unique electrical and mechanical configurations. Our
general capabilities are indicated by the product listing
and custom specification sheets included in this section.
Use our Synthesizer Specifier to help define your
product.
0.1 to 20 GHz Operating Frequencies
Standard and Custom Products
5% to Multi-Octave Bandwidths
Fast Switching
< 1 µs for Direct Synthesis
< 250 µs for Indirect Synthesis
Low Phase Noise Designs
Excellent Environmental Performance,
High Vibration
Wide Operating Temperatures
High Reliability
Military Qualified Products & Space Capabilities
Small, Modular Packaging
Integrated Functions
Coherent LO Outputs
Multiple & High Power Outputs
Tracking Offsets
Built-In-Test Circuitry
Modulation
RF Distribution
Complete Radar Systems
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
69
Frequency Synthesizers
Product Overview
Technical Considerations
TRAK considers synthesizers to be major subsystems rather than “off-the-shelf” components. With over 35 years of
digital and analog subsystem design and manufacturing experience, our technical staff understands and correlates the
relationships among the end-item, system usage, performance limitations and cost-driving factors of various synthesis
techniques. From the program onset, we encourage engineering dialogue between users and our engineers; in this
way, we can jointly analyze the technical parameters that drive subsystem complexity and cost to produce a cost-effective, high performance product. Whether your application requires a retrofit, state-of-the-art performance for a current
job, or flexibility for an IR & D project, TRAK’s architectures, by design, complement system-level performance, quality,
and reliability standards without compromise.
Please see our Application Notes, “Specifying Synthesizers: The Performance/Cost Relationship” and “Ping Pong Systems”.
Use our Synthesizer Specifier to help define your product.
Design Evolution
800 - 1300 MHz
Single Loop Synthesis
800-1300 MHz
1 MHz STEPS
1 MHz Steps
3 ms Speed
Agile Source for COMMSYS
Moderate Switching
VCO
-117 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz
3.65˝x 2.2˝x 0.67˝
10 MHz
REFERENCE
SIGNAL
÷10
Low Phase Noise
÷N
SERIAL
INTERFACE
Small Size
7.9 - 8.4 GHz
900-1400 MHz
IF
10 MHz Steps
30 µs Speed
-105 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz
J6
7.9-8.4 GHz OUT
RF
LO
TUNE
WORD
D.C.
POWER
PLL
ASSEMBLY
PLDRO
6.96 GHz
J5
1080 MHz OUT
PLO
1080 GHz
7˝ x 5.4˝ x 3˝
60 MHz XO
LO for Radar
Fast Switching
LOGIC
ASSEMBLY
STROBE
Single Loop w/Offset
J3
60 MHz OUT
J4
20 MHz OUT
60 MHz OUTPUT
60 MHz
DISTRIBUTION
÷3
Low Phase Noise
STALO Outputs
20 MHz OUTPUT
7.9 - 8.4 GHz
1 MHz Steps
60 msec
-97 dBc/Hz @ 50 kHz
7.34˝ x 5˝ x 1.8˝
Single Loop w/ Offset
70 MHz
IF
UPCONVERTER
ASSEMBLY
CMOS CONTROL
BIT OUTPUT
∆ = 1 MHz
DC POWER
± 5 VDC
+12 VDC
Half-Duplex Subsystem
for SATCOMM
BIT
INDIRECT
SYNTHESIZER
BIT
10 MHz
REFERENCE
∆ = 1 MHz
10 MHz
REF
OSC
BIT
7.25-7.75 GHz
SHF
7.9-8.4 GHz
SHF
BIT
DOWNCONVERTER
ASSEMBLY
Integrated SHF Converter
Low Phase Noise
MANUAL
GAIN ADJUST
70 MHz
IF
20 dB
Can you Really Design Evolution?
At TRAK, we do. TRAK offers a variety of products that are spin-offs of established, fundamental synthesis techniques.
In the above example, by adding an offset oscillator for upconversion and optimizing loop parameters, we provide X-Band
operation and switching speeds under 30 microseconds. Then we combine up and down converters, BIT & AGC into one
package, providing for a fully-integrated, agile half-duplex subsystem.
At TRAK, performance does evolve by design.
TRAK Microwave
Specifications subject to change without notice.
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
70
Frequency Synthesizers
Product Overview
SYNTHESIS TECHNIQUES
Each synthesis technique has inherent performance
characteristics dictated by the types of devices
implemented in the architecture. TRAK’s broad expertise
includes single loop indirect synthesizers to combination
synthesizers which, for optimum performance, require
the integration of several synthesis techniques.
There are four basic methods of frequency synthesis:
Indirect Synthesis
Direct Analog Synthesis
Direct Digital Synthesis
Combination Synthesis
INDIRECT SYNTHESIS
Indirect synthesizers utilize tunable oscillators,
digital dividers and phase lock loop circuitry. With
this architecture, performance is limited by a tunable source (VCO or YIG) or the digital divider. In
general, the indirect approach offers switching
speeds less than one millisecond and moderate
to good phase noise.
VCO
REFERENCE
SIGNAL
÷N
DIGITAL
CONTROL
DIRECT ANALOG SYNTHESIS
Direct analog synthesizers are based on the
arithmetic combination of multiple oscillators;
crystal, dielectric resonator, or SAW type
oscillators are traditionally used. These
oscillators are fixed frequency so agility is
achieved by mixing, dividing, or switching from
one oscillator to another. The direct approach
offers fast switching speeds – typically less than
500 nanoseconds – and very low phase noise
close to the carrier.
DIGITAL CONTROL
F0
SWITCH
MATRIX
F1
F2
F3
CLOCK
DIRECT DIGITAL SYNTHESIS
Using a phase accumulator, ROM look-up table,
and digital-to-analog converter, a Direct Digital
Synthesizer (DDS) literally constructs a sinusoidal (analog) waveform from the input (digital)
tune word and clock. While direct digital synthesizers have operating frequency and spurious
limitations, they do have very fast switching
speeds and excellent phase noise.
X4
DIGITAL
TUNE
WORD
PHASE
ACCUMULATOR
SINE
LOOK-UP
TABLE
D TO A
CONVERTER
Fo = Ck * TW
2N
WHERE
COMBINATION SYNTHESIS
Ck = CLOCK FREQUENCY
TW = TUNE WORD
N = NUMBER OF BITS INTO PHASE ACCUMULATOR
PLL
Combination synthesis integrates the best
features of the indirect and direct architectures.
For example, while TRAK is not a DDS chip
manufacturer, we do utilize DDS technology in
higher level synthesizer assemblies in order to
achieve fine resolution or complex modulation
capabilities.
DIGITAL
CONTROL
X4
SPDT
DDS
plo's
REF
SIGNAL
DIGITAL
CONTROL
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
71
Frequency Synthesizers
Product Overview
Subset of TRAK Synthesizer Experience
Frequency
Step
Switching
Spurious
Harmonics
Output
DC
Size
Synthesis
Range (GHz)
Size
Speed
1 kHz
Phase Noise (dBc/Hz)
10 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
(dBc)
(dBc)
Power
Power
(Inches)
Technique
Indirect, Direct & Fixed Sources
0.1 to 2.9 1
100 Hz
1 msec
- 110
- 113
- 123
- 145
- 80
- 30
- 12 dBm
120 W
23 x 19 x 5.25
0.325 - 0.425
0.55 - 1.85 2,3
10 kHz
750 nsec
- 125
- 135
- 140
- 140
- 50
- 30
7 dBm
15 W
8 x 8 x 1.5
Direct Analog & Digital
1 MHz
80 (35) µsec
- 90
- 90
- 95
- 126
- 65
- 15
15 dBm
6.2 W
4.5 x 2.5 x 0.8
Indirect, Dual Mode Operation
0.5 - 2
2 MHz
100 µsec
- 75
- 80
- 90
- 123
- 40
- 10
15 dBm
12 W
6.6 x 5.4 x 1.75
Indirect
0.5 - 2
2 MHz
200 µsec
- 70
- 75
- 85
- 120
- 40
- 10
10 dBm
11 W
5.4 x 5.1 x 1.6
Indirect
0.58 -0.59 4
0.58 - 1.08 4
160 kHz
25 µsec
- 85
- 90
- 90
- 112
(- 84) - 40
- 30
17 dBm
19 W
7 x 6 x 1.2
Indirect
25 MHz
95 nsec
- 110
- 130
- 130
-132
(-65) - 50
-60
10 dBm
7.6 W
6.5 x 4.6 x .95
Direct Analog
0.6 - 1.05 4
50 MHz
200 nsec
- 125
–
- 125
- 125
(- 60) - 55
- 20
20 dBm
5.6 W
5 x 5 x 1.5
Direct Analog
0.7 - 1.28
5 MHz
25 µsec
-103
- 103
- 100
- 118
- 60
- 25
10 dBm
4.6 W
2.4 x 1.5 x 0.46
Indirect
0.8 - 1.3
1 MHz
3 msec
- 60
- 84
- 117
- 141
- 70
- 20
10 dBm
.82 W
3.7 x 2.2 x 0.6
Indirect
1 - 2.5
2 MHz
175 µsec
- 85
- 95
- 100
- 130
- 60
- 15
10 dBm
9W
5.4 x 5 x 1.6
Indirect
1-3
5 MHz
200 µsec
- 85
- 90
- 98
- 115
- 50
- 12
10 dBm
13 W
6.6 x 5.4 x 1.75
Indirect
1.5 - 1.8
2 MHz
500 nsec
- 112
- 115
- 125
- 140
- 60
- 40
12 dBm
23 W
9 x 6 x 1.5
PING PONG
1.5 - 2.5
1 MHz
250 nsec
- 100
- 110
- 110
- 120
- 45
- 30
17 dBm
39 W
8 x 6 x 3.4
Direct Analog
1.5 - 2.5
1 MHz
250 nsec
- 100
- 110
- 110
- 120
- 45
- 30
17 dBm
130 W
8 x 6 x 11
Direct Analog with Quad Output
1.6 - 2.7
100 Hz
350 µsec
- 93
- 100
–
- 130
- 80
- 45
5 dBm
28 W
7.5 x 7.3 x 5.3
Indirect
2 - 4.5
5 MHz
150 µsec
- 72
- 72
- 92
- 121
- 60
- 15
12 dBm
20 W
7.75 x 6.2 x 1.5
Indirect
2 - 18.2
1 MHz
250 µsec
- 60
- 65
- 80
- 110
- 50
- 15
11 dBm
40 W
8.5 x 7.9 x 5.0
Indirect
2 -18
1 MHz
6 msec
-
-
-65
-95
-60
-30
24dBm
45 W
6x5x2
Indirect
2.8 - 3.2
10 MHz
25 µsec
- 64
- 75
- 92
- 116
- 45
- 20
12 dBm
25 W
6.95 x 4.2 x 1.8
Indirect
2.9 - 3.1
250 kHz
500 µsec
- 80
- 85
- 100
- 120
- 50
- 45
30 dBm
23 W
9 x 6.1 x 1.8
Indirect w/ Complex Modulation
3 - 3.5
3.25 - 4.75 5
10 MHz
100 µsec
- 80
- 80
- 90
- 115
- 65
- 45
18.5 dBm
15 W
9 x 5.4 x 1.6
Indirect
500 MHz
1 µsec
- 105
- 108
- 113
- 122
- 70
- 15
15 dBm
4.35 W
4.5 x 2.5 x 0.8
Direct Analog
3.5 - 16.5
5 MHz
750 µsec
- 60
- 75
- 85
- 115
- 60
- 20
3 dBm
38 W
9 x 5.5 x 4.5
Indirect
4.0 - 4.64
1 MHz
1 µsec
- 90
- 110
- 125
- 130
- 60
- 40
24 dBm
60 W
8 x 8 x 7.5
Direct Analog
4 - 86
4.44 - 5.46 4
1 MHz
10 msec
-
-60
-75
-110
-60
-30
17 dBm
30 W
6x6x2
Indirect
1 MHz
60 µsec
- 80
- 90
- 100
- 108
(- 60) - 50
- 60
4 dBm
9W
10 x 5.4 x 1.6
Indirect
4.5 - 4.7
16 MHz
50 µsec
- 100
- 100
- 100
- 110
- 70
- 40
14 dBm
22 W
10 x 5.4 x 1.6
Indirect with Fixed Sources
4.9 - 5.4
7-96
125 kHz
200 nsec
- 80
- 85
- 100
- 120
- 60
- 60
10 dBm
20 W
10 x 5.4 x 2.6
PING PONG
1 MHz
500 nsec
- 100
- 110
- 115
- 120
- 60
- 60
19 dBm
85 W
15 x 8.5 x 5
Direct with AC Power Input
7.25 - 11.75
5 MHz
1 msec
- 50
- 60
- 75
- 110
- 60
- 30
13 dBm
23 W
5.4 x 5 x 3.1
Indirect
7.9 - 8.4
10 MHz
30 µsec
- 98
- 105
- 105
- 120
- 60
- 70
16 dBm
19 W
7 x 5.4 x 3
Indirect with Fixed Sources
8 - 18
5 MHz
100 µsec
- 65
- 75
- 86
- 106
- 40
- 20
0 dBm
38 W
7 x 6.2 x 6.2
Indirect with Pulse Modulation
8 - 18
625 kHz
250 µsec
- 78
- 80
- 88
- 115
- 55
- 40
10 dBm
40 W
7 x 6.2 x 3.6
Indirect
8.1 - 8.4
36 MHz
10 µsec
-100
-110
-110
-112
-60
-60
16 dBm
30 W
4.6 x 4.0 x 1.5
Indirect with 3 Fixed Sources
8.45 - 8.79
5 MHz
250 µsec
–
- 90
- 105
- 125
- 60
- 30
10 dBm
14 W
6 x 3.6 x 1.4
Indirect
8.47 - 9.13
10 MHz
15 µsec
- 90
- 92
- 100
- 124
- 60
- 20
10 dBm
13 W
9 x 5.4 x 1.6
Indirect
9.45 - 9.65
5 MHz
250 µsec
–
- 90
- 105
- 125
- 60
- 30
10 dBm
14 W
6 x 3.6 x 1.4
Indirect
10 - 20
5 MHz
150 µsec
- 70
- 70
- 75
- 115
- 60
- 15
5 dBm
35 W
8x5x2
Indirect
12.7 - 13.13
5 MHz
250 µsec
–
- 90
- 105
- 125
- 60
- 30
10 dBm
14 W
6 x 3.6 x 1.4
Indirect
13.13 - 14.3
10 MHz
40 µsec
- 80
- 100
- 100
- 130
- 60
- 60
17 dBm
42 W
10 x 5.4 x 3.1
Indirect, Dual Output w/ L.O.s
14.85 - 15.05
5 MHz
250 µsec
–
- 90
- 105
- 125
- 60
- 30
10 dBm
14 W
6 x 3.6 x 1.4
Indirect
GENERAL:
• PING PONG synthesis utilizes two indirect synthesizers operating in parallel.
• All specification values are to be considered typical.
Note 1: Performance is referenced to an output of 100 MHz.
Note 2: This unit has two modes of operation. Mode 1: 80 µsec speed, 1 MHz steps.
Mode 2: 35 µsec speed, 4 MHz steps.
Note 3: Phase noise listed is relative to input reference oscillator, and is based on Mode 1 operation.
Note 4: In-band spurious are denoted separately, in parentheses.
Note 5: Phase noise listed is relative to the input reference oscillator.
Note 6: 1 GHz bandwidth, maximum.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
72
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Ping Pong
Model: APN102
Improve System Size, Weight and Efficiency with
PING PONG Synthesizers
Pulse doppler frequency agile radars require
synthesizers with fast switching and low phase noise.
When the radar bandwidth covers tens or hundreds of
channels, direct analog synthesizers are commonly used
as the frequency generating source because traditional
indirect synthesis techniques have proven to be too slow.
Switching speeds less than one microsecond allow for
significantly reduced radar processing time lines when
high range resolution doppler data collection is needed.
When using a traditional single loop, indirect synthesizer,
the speed requirement is in direct conflict with the
simultaneous need for low gated phase noise which
dictates a wider loop bandwidth. In many cases,
however, where the radar’s Pulse Repetition Rate (PRR)
is 50 kHz or lower, TRAK Microwave’s indirect, dual
channel, or “PING PONG” architecture, can satisfy the
critical switching requirements while offering smaller
volume, improved efficiency, better reliability and lower
cost compared to direct analog types.
TRAK PING PONG Synthesizer
Using the PING PONG approach, the switching time is
equivalent to that of the RF switch, which is on the order
of 20 to 500 nanoseconds, depending on the type of
switch used. The settling time of the VCO-based,
indirect synthesizer is more complicated; it is driven by
several interrelated factors including the loop bandwidth
of the phase lock loop, the switching speed specification
and phase noise requirements. TRAK, a leading
manufacturer of high speed indirect synthesizers, offers
typical switching speeds as fast as 20 microseconds,
corresponding to the suggested PRR threshold of 50
kHz. The model shown in Table 1 and Figures 2 and 3
exemplifies the effective use of the PING PONG
technique in a radar application.
The term, “PING PONG,” refers to toggling between
two complete and separate indirect frequency
synthesizers operating in a parallel configuration. As
shown in Figure 1, the Hop Command activates the
switch to select one of the units as the final output of the
subsystem. For example, with Synthesizer No. 1 tuned to
the desired output frequency, the Hop Command is set
to select Synthesizer No. 1 while the next frequency tune
word is simultaneously applied to Synthesizer No. 2. At
the appropriate time (equivalent to the next pulse
interval), the Hop Command is changed to select
Synthesizer No. 2, which has already settled to within
the acceptable frequency tolerance (or phase
coherency). Consequently, from the perspective of the
subsystem final output, the time between the change in
frequencies or channels is much less than one
microsecond while the actual tuning speed of the
individual synthesizers is some 20 to 30 times slower.
This allows the individual phase lock loops to be
optimized for the best phase noise performance while
only requiring phase settling during the Pulse Repetition
Interval.
TUNE
WORD 1
SYNTHESIZER
#1
S
P
2
T
TUNE
WORD 2
FINAL
OUTPUT
SYNTHESIZER
#2
HOP
COMMAND
Figure 1. PING PONG Synthesizer Block Diagram
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
73
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Ping Pong
Model: APN102
In this particular case the system gated phase noise (a
summation of noise from multiple PRF spectral lines in
the (sin x)/x pulsed waveform) is dramatically improved
by optimizing the control loop bandwidth, thereby
increasing the sub-clutter visibility of the radar. Only by
using the more costly direct analog approach can one
achieve further reduction of the synthesizer phase noise
close to the carrier. Smaller noise improvements can be
made by slowing the synthesizer speed which
corresponds to a lower PRR. Thus, the noise
performance of the synthesizer is a determining factor in
the selection of a synthesizer architecture.
Specifications
Frequency Range:
Frequency Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Between Channels:
Single Channel:
Output Power:
Spurious:
Harmonics:
Reference:
Size:
1500-1800 MHz
2 MHz
500 nanoseconds
25 microseconds
+12 dBm
-60 dBc
-40 dBc
L Band
6” x 9” x 1.5”
Table 1. Synthesizer Specifications
Given that the system switching speed and noise
requirements can be met with a PING PONG
synthesizer, let us now consider the advantages of this
approach over the direct analog approach. First, we will
briefly review the differences in architecture and
methods of implementation between the two types.
236 MHz
Direct analog synthesizers (See Figure 4) are based on
a combination of fixed frequency sources, using
arithmetic operations to achieve resolution and
conversion to the final output frequency. Typically, the
parts count is high, consisting of multiple crystal
oscillators; complex switch matrices; and multiple mixing,
dividing, multiplying, amplifying and filtering stages.
5 µsec. to within 500 kHz
18 µsec to Phase setting
232 MHz
228 MHz
0 µsec.
PING PONG synthesizers use one or more VCOs per
channel, followed by a common frequency conversion
scheme. Unlike single-tone crystal oscillators, VCOs
have frequencies and bandwidths from 10 MHz to 10
GHz. Consequently, indirect synthesis requires a less
complex frequency conversion scheme. In general, it
requires fewer components, most of which operate at
lower frequencies and, therefore, costs less.
20 µsec.
Figure 2. Synthesizer Switching Time Curve
Figure 3. PING PONG Synthesizer Typical SSB Noise
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
74
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Ping Pong
Model: APN102
Now, let us consider how this affects the issues of size,
power consumption, reliability and cost.
X4
÷2
Size - The size of the final assembly is directly related
to the parts count, the size of the frequency generating
source(s), and the number of upconversion stages. Most
significantly, the size of a single multiplied crystal
oscillator may be equivalent to that of a single,
multi-octave VCO. This means a direct analog
synthesizer can have ten crystal oscillators versus a
PING PONG synthesizer with two VCOs (one per
channel). Consequently, the size of the PING PONG
version may be one-third to one-tenth that of the
equivalent direct version.
BIT
BIT
“No RF”
10 X 3
SWITCH
MATRIX
X5
÷ 10
BIT
BIT
X N
BIT
Figure 4. Direct Analog Synthesizer Block Diagram
DC Power - Consider again that a direct analog
synthesizer may require ten crystal oscillators, rather
than two VCOs, and that the number of upconversion
stages in the direct analog synthesizer may be two or
three times that of the indirect version. As a result, the
power dissipation of the direct analog type will be three
to ten times greater than the PING PONG synthesizer.
SYNTHESIZER #1
REF.
Signal
VOC
S
P
D
T
÷N
REF.
Signal
Reliability - The MTBF is a function of parts count,
power dissipation, architecture complexity, and platform.
Because the PING PONG design is less complex than
the direct analog design, it is a more reliable unit. The
MTBF of the PING PONG type may be up to ten times
better than the direct analog version.
X2
S
P
D
T
S
P
D
T
VOC
÷N
SYNTHESIZER #2
Figure 5. PING PONG Synthesizer Block Diagram
Cost - The cost is driven mostly by the complexity of the
architecture, component operating frequency and the
total parts count. Since the direct analog type uses more
oscillators and upconverting stages, its cost may be as
much as five times that of the PING PONG approach.
In summary, the PING PONG synthesizer provides
distinct volume, weight, efficiency, reliability and cost
advantages over direct analog versions when the system
PRR and phase noise requirements permit the use of
this approach. TRAK Microwave has designed and
manufactured this architecture for commercial and
military radar applications. We invite system designers to
consider this architecture.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
75
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Specifying Synthesizers
Model: APN104
direct digital (DDS); and a combination of two or more of
these types. As shown in the chart below, stand-alone
direct and indirect techniques have unique, intrinsic
performance advantages as well as limitations.
I. Introduction
Major subsystems such as frequency synthesizers
should be defined in terms of both the system level
requirements and the limitations of the available and/or
selected synthesis techniques. System level
requirements, including performance, maintainability and
cost, can be directly and significantly driven by a
synthesizer’s architecture and its inherent performance
or size limitations. Consequently, defining exactly how
much performance is necessary (or even possible)
becomes a multi-faceted task, requiring an understanding of interrelated parameters. In support of the system
engineer, TRAK addresses the advantages and
disadvantages of different synthesizer architectures and
identifies major cost-drivers. Then we discuss the
synthesizer performance in terms of the system
interface, covering issues such as multi-mode operation
and built-in test.
These general concepts are presented here as a guide
to writing a synthesizer specification that details the best
overall performance while remaining cost-effective.
III. COST DRIVERS
When judging which architecture is best suited for a
specific application, a system designer should first
carefully address the four most critical performance
characteristics that determine a synthesizer’s
architecture: operating bandwidth, phase noise,
switching speed, and step size. These characteristics not
only dictate the type of synthesis technique utilized but
also affect the cost of the overall unit.
Operating Bandwidth - Bandwidth is the most
significant cost driver for any synthesizer design. Based
on current technology, the typical DDS bandwidth is
severely limited because of its inverse relationship to the
spurious content. Commonly, a 15 MHz bandwidth DDS
can have -70 dBc spurious while a typical 300 MHz
bandwidth DDS has a poor -40 dBc spurious level. Using
various conversion techniques, direct digital designs can
be configured to cover wide operating bandwidths;
however, the complexity of the subsystem increases
II. Architectural Critique
As discussed on page 80, there are essentially four
types of synthesis techniques: indirect; direct analog;
Indirect
Advantages
Broad Band Operation
Low Spurious
Low Phase Noise Versions:
• Multi-Loop
• Frational N
SYNTHESIZER ARCHITECTURE
Direct Analog
Direct Digital
Advantages
Speeds < 1 µsec easily achieved
Very Low Phase Noise
Advantages
Speeds < 1 µsec easily achieved
Very Low Phase Noise
Switching is phase coherent &
phase continuous.
Resolution is Sub-Hertz
Superb Modulation Capabilities
Disadvantages
Narrow Band Operation typical
Wideband versions are complex:
• Size becomes large
• Spurious hard to reject
Disadvantages
Narrow Band Operation typical
Wideband versions use
combination synthesis:
• Size becomes large
• Spurious hard to reject
Minimum number of
microwave components
Low DC Dissipation
MIL Grade Parts Available
Disadvantages
Speeds < 1 µsec not possible Note 1
Phase Noise close-in is limited
Limited Modulation Capabilities
No Phase Continuous Switching
High DC Dissipation
Low MTBF
Limited Modulation Capabilities
Note 1: Speeds < 1 µsec are achievable using PING PONG configuration which can be construed as a
combination synthesis technique. See the PING PONG application note.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
76
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Specifying Synthesizers
Model: APN104
dramatically. Direct analog designs are also limited in
operating bandwidths; as the number of channels
increases, the number of sources or the complexity of
conversion schemes can become so great they become
impractical. Indirect synthesizers, based on tunable,
broadband oscillators such as VCOs, are best-suited for
multi-octave applications. In any case, the wider the
bandwidth, the more complex, larger and costly the
synthesizer becomes.
+20 kHz
< 50 msec to within 10 kHz
+10 kHz
10 GHz
CH2
CH1
STROBE
-10 kHz
Phase Noise - The phase noise performance of a
frequency synthesizer is primarily a function of the type
of fundamental oscillator utilized in each architecture.
Direct digital and direct analog synthesizers have
excellent noise, while VCO-based indirect types have
comparatively moderate-to-good phase noise
performance.
-20 kHz
0
50 µsec
200 µsec
400 µsec
Figure 1. Switch Speed Management
output frequency (phase) at 10 GHz. See Figure 1.
For the sake of general comparison, the bar graph below
(Figure 2) shows how the switching speed can vary
depending on the particular synthesis architecture. The
reference point is defined as settling time to within 1 MHz
of the final frequency. The wide range of performance
represents synthesizers designed for specific
applications.
DDS noise is essentially that of the input clock, but not
lower than the logic family noise floor. The noise of a
direct analog synthesizer is that of the fundamental
oscillator degraded by 20 log n, where n is the
multiplication factor used to reach the highest
synthesizer output frequency. The phase noise performance of the indirect synthesizer is a function of several
factors: the noise of the reference oscillator and VCO(s);
the 20 log n degradation, where n represents the maximum division ratio in the PLL; the effects of the phase
detector and loop bandwidth; and, indirectly, the switching speed and step size requirements. Fast switching
speeds imply wider loop bandwidths which can degrade
noise
performance at offsets far from the carrier; small steps
imply higher division ratios which also degrade noise.
Alternative multi-loop or fractional-n type designs do
improve the noise performance, within the loop
bandwidth of the indirect synthesizer, but at the cost of
increased complexity and spurious, respectively.
10 nsec
500 nsec
1 µsec 10 µsec
1 msec
10 msec
Ping-Pong
DDS
Direct Analog
Indirect
Figure 2. Switch Speed vs. Synthesis Technique
The speed of the DDS is typically limited by logic and
pipeline delays multiplied by the clock period.
Direct analog synthesizer speeds are a function of RF
switch speeds. Because these fundamental switching
mechanisms are so fast, post filtering – subsequent filter
bandwidths – may degrade the speed of either the DDS
or the direct analog synthesizer. The slower, indirect
synthesizer speeds are a function of the phase lock loop
characteristics and depend on step size and phase noise
requirements as previously mentioned. Indirect
synthesizer settling can be on the order of several
milliseconds, as fast as tens of microseconds, or using a
PING PONG configuration under 1 microsecond. (See
the PING PONG Application Note on APN102.)
Assuming a moderate bandwidth of 5% or greater, the
lower the phase noise, the more complex, larger and
costly the frequency synthesizer becomes.
Switching Speed - Switching speed is defined as the
time it takes the synthesizer to reach the final frequency
within a specified frequency or phase tolerance,
measured from 50% of the “switch” command. For
example, a synthesizer may settle in 50 microseconds to
within 10 kilohertz (or even a few degrees) of the final
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
77
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Specifying Synthesizers
Model: APN104
Overall, as the frequency bandwidth and the switching
speed increase the more complex, larger and costly the
frequency synthesizer becomes.
IV. SYSTEM CONSIDERATIONS
While Table 2 clearly shows the performance/cost
relationship, it also calls attention to the significance of
prioritizing performance parameters in terms of the
system application. Consider that as synthesizer
architecture grows in complexity, it also increases in
parts count. This implies larger size and increased
power consumption, which are counter to requirements
for low weight and high reliability. In other words, an
overspecified unit may force a design which does not
meet all the system objectives. Consequently, prioritizing
performance parameters becomes extremely important.
What is most critical to the system? Is it speed, single
sideband phase noise, MTBF, form-fit replaceability, or a
combination of these factors?
Step Size - Direct analog synthesizers achieve
resolution through a combination of source selection and
complex arithmetic manipulation. Indirect synthesizers
step in frequency simply by changing the frequency
division ratios in the PLL, although small steps – in
conjunction with fast switching – can limit the
synthesizer’s phase noise performance. For example,
assuming a coarse stepping indirect synthesizer and
60 dBc reference signal suppression, the step
size/speed relationship can be summarized as follows:
For phase settling to within 5°:
Switching Speed (seconds, max.) = 200/Step Size (Hz)
For frequency settling to within approximately one
step size:
Switching Speed (seconds, max.) = 50/Step Size (Hz)
Prioritizing synthesizer performance and understanding
design trade-offs can aid the system designer to identify
and weigh design alternatives so that the best possible
performance is achieved with minimum hardware.
For instance, a customer required a synthesizer for a
system where size, noise and speed—in decreasing
order of importance—were the most critical performance
parameters.
This relationship is driven by the value of the loop
bandwidth, which is no more than 1/20 of the step size
for 60 dBc suppression.
The small size dictated a single loop indirect synthesizer
design so, in order to achieve the noise and speed
requirements simultaneously, a compromise was
required.
With direct digital synthesizers, the step size is a function
of the clock frequency and number of phase
accumulator bits. Sub-hertz resolution is achievable over
small bandwidths and DDS integration into a more
complex direct analog or indirect subsystem is always an
option for achieving fine resolution at higher frequencies
or over broad bandwidths, but with probably higher
spurs.
During discussions with the customer, it was determined
that the system could operate in two modes. One mode
offered optimized switching speed at the sacrifice of
phase noise levels far from the carrier while in the
second mode, the converse was true: phase noise
performance had to be optimized at the cost of speed.
TRAK was able to provide a solution by using
mode-selectable fractional synthesis techniques as well
as variable loop parameters.
In general, as the operating bandwidth increases and the
step size decreases, the more complex, larger and costly
the synthesizer becomes.
To illustrate the magnitude of performance (and cost)
variations for synthesis techniques, the performance of a
hypothetical 500 MHz bandwidth X-Band synthesizer
using various synthesis techniques, is compared in Table
2. Figures 3 - 7 represent possible designs for each of
the five techniques presented.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
78
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Specifying Synthesizers
Model: APN104
Accordingly, when defining the synthesizer performance,
a system designer should ask questions such as:
Is it a radar application, and is the PRR 50 kHz or
lower?
(This allows for use of PING PONG synthesis.)
Operating Bandwidth:
Is the operating band necessarily continuous?
Are there default operating frequencies for particular
modes of operation?
Phase Noise:
Is noise important only at specific offsets, such as
close-in vs. far-out?
Can switching speed be reduced in order to provide
better noise?
Is the actual requirement an integrated noise
specification?
Switching Speed:
Can the noise be relaxed in order to achieve faster
switching?
Can the unit settle in different speeds during different
modes of operation?
Step Size:
Is the step size continuous across the entire band?
Is the next output frequency a “known” frequency?
(Necessary for PING PONG.)
Coherency:
Is it necessary to have phase coherency with an
external reference?
Is phase repeatability necessary?
Must frequency steps be phase continuous?
Architecture
Parameter
Indirect
(VCO-Based)
Combination
(Indirect & Direct)
PING PONG
(Dual Indirect)
Direct
(XO-Based)
Direct
(Comb-Based)
Frequency
Range
.1 - 28 GHz
.1 - 28 GHz
.1 - 28 GHz
.1 - 28 GHz
.1 - 28 GHz
Typical
Bandwidth
500 MHz thru
Multi-Octave
500 MHz thru
Multi-Octave
0.1 - 1 GHz
0.1 - 1 GHz
1 GHz
Switching
Speed
< 5 msec, max.
< 500 µsec, typ.
< 500 µsec, max.
< 100 µsec, typ.
< 10 µsec, max.
< 500 nsec, typ.
< 10 µsec, max.
< 500 nsec, typ.
< 10 µsec, max.
< 500 nsec, typ.
1 MHz, typ.
1 MHz, typ.
5 MHz, typ.
10 MHz, typ.
100 MHz, typ.
-
-
-
-
-
Step Size
Note 3
SSB Phase Noise
1 kHz offset
10 kHz offset
100 kHz offset
1 MHz offset
DC Power
Note 1
Note 1
40 dBc/Hz
40 dBc/Hz
60 dBc/Hz
100 dBc/Hz
95 dBc/Hz
100 dBc/Hz
95 dBc/Hz
125 dBc/Hz
106
108
108
130
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
112
122
125
130
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
110
118
120
120
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
10 W
25 W
25 W
70 W
15 W
Size
Notes 1, 2
5.4˝ x 5˝ x 1.6˝
8˝ x 5.4˝ x 3.1˝
9˝ x 8˝ x 1.3˝
7˝ x 6˝ x 4˝
5˝ x 5˝ x 1˝
Cost
Notes 1, 2
*
**
***
****
**
Applications
Satcom, Comm,
Data Link, Converters
EW, ECM,
Converters, Receivers
Radar, EW, ECM,
Simulators, Receivers,
Converters
Radar, EW,
EW, Simulators,
Simulators, Receivers, Receivers, Converters
Converters
Special Notes
Lower cost with good
performance;
fractional synthesis
can be used.
Moderate cost & very
good performance;
fractional synth. can
be used.
Alternative to Direct
Analog Synthesis.
PRR ≤ 50 kHz.
Fast, although,
large and costly.
Moderate cost with
fast speed and good
noise. Coarse steps.
See Figure 3
See Figure 4
See Figure 5
See Figure 6
See Figure 7
Table 2. Comparative Analysis of Synthesizer Techniques
Notes:
1. Based on X-Band unit with ≤ 500 MHz BW. All other parameters held at typical values listed in chart. Also, assume internal reference @ 100 MHz with following SSB
phase noise:
- 155 dBc/Hz @ 1 kHz offset
- 165 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz offset
160 dBc/Hz @ 10 kHz offset
- 165 dBc/Hz @ 1 MHz offset
2. Quantity indicates increasing cost factor. Estimates based on Note 1 above, and - 60 dBc spurious.
3. TRAK offers resolution as small as 1 Hz. Typical values for comparison only.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
79
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Specifying Synthesizers
Model: APN104
General Specifications for Comparitive X-Band
Architectures
V. PERIPHERAL CONSIDERATIONS
Beyond the major performance specifications, there are
many “minor” factors that, when properly defined, can
enhance the overall performance, integration and
maintainability of a synthesizer subsystem, without
significant cost impact.
10 - 10.5 GHz
60 dBc Spurious
All Other Parameters Per Typical Values Listed In
Table 2.
Consider the Interface:
Is tight output flatness necessary, or is there
subsequent system-level compression?
Is decoded logic available?
Is BITE beneficial for maintainability reasons?
÷8
Consider the Environment:
Does wide temperature performance necessarily mean
military-grade parts are needed?
Is the unit in a shielded or shock mounted
environment?
What performance variations are tolerable under
vibration, if any?
10-10.5 GHz
1 MHz STEPS
SPEED ≤ 1msec
VCO
1 MHz
÷N
÷8
TUNING
CONTROL
Figure 3. Indirect: VCO-Based Synthesis
Consider Other Cost Factors:
Parts Selection - MIL screened piece parts vs. ceramic
and/or plastic parts screened at the system level. (In
light of the recent industry trends in reducing the
manufacturing and availability of MIL grade parts,
end-item screening can significantly reduce cost.)
÷10
÷N
X115
100 MHz
Test Data - Is extensive electrical testing required? Is
extensive environmental testing necessary? (Using
TRAK standard test procedures may be less costly.)
FRACTIONAL
DIVISION
1/10
TUNING
CONTROL
VI. SUMMARY
The key to providing the best-suited custom synthesizer
design is to fully understand the system application and
establish a hierarchy of performance requirements. This
requires open dialogue between the customer and
manufacturer in which both parties are challenged to
achieve state-of-the-art performance without
compromising the overall system technical or cost
requirements.
10-10.5 GHz
1 MHz STEPS
SPEED = 200 µsec
Figure 4. Combination Synthesis
TUNING
CONTROL
REF.
L-BAND
INDIRECT
SYTH.
SP2T
REF.
SP2T
10-10.5 GHz
1 MHz STEPS
SPEED = 200 nsec
(100 µsec, SINGLE
CHANNEL)
L-BAND
INDIRECT
SYTH.
By understanding the limitations of various synthesis
techniques, recognizing the key cost-driving parameters,
and addressing alternative modes of operation, the
system engineer can better define the fundamental and
peripheral performance parameters so technical and
budgeting concerns can be met.
SP2T
X95
X98
REF.
100 MHz
Please use our Synthesizer Specifier and give us a call
so we may assist you in your system design.
REF.
Figure 5. PING PONG Synthesis
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
80
Frequency Synthesizers
Application Note: Specifying Synthesizers
Model: APN104
TUNING
CONTROL
64 MHz STEPS
1 MHz STEPS
8
CHANNEL
SOURCE
BANK
D=64 MHz
8X4
SWITCH
MATRIX
ASSY.
÷8
8 MHz STEPS
÷8
SWITCH
FILTER
BANK
10-10.5 GHz
1 MHz STEPS
SPEED = 200 nsec
COMB
Figure 6. Direct Analog Synthesis: XO-Based
100 MHz
M
U
L
T
I
P
L
E
X
E
R
S
P
D
T
10-10.5 GHz
100 MHz STEPS
SPEED = 200 nsec
Figure 7. Direct Analog Synthesis: Comb Generator-Based
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
81
Synthesizers
Catalog, Indirect Synthesizers 0.4 - 4.95 GHz
Model: SYN 60-000 Series
Features:
Small Size
Versitile Design
Wide Range of Options
Environmental Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Phase Noise:
Output VSWR:
Harmonics:
Spurious:
Power Supply:
DC Current:
BITE Scheme:
Digital Control:
0.4 to 4.95 GHz
See Table 1
+ 8 dBm, minimum
Same as Ref. input
Standard Operating Temperature:
10 to 100 MHz
+ 3 to + 9 dBm
(Sine or TTL, 50 ohm)
200 kHz to 50 MHz
See Table II
See Figure 1
2.0:1, typical
- 15 dBc, maximum
See Table II
+ 14 to 18 volts
See Table I
Phase Lock (“0” = lock)
Parallel, TTL
Size:
RF Connectors:
0 to + 70 °C
(See Options)
Mechanical Specifications
See Packages
SMA or GPO
Options
- 002 Extended Operating Temp.:
- 54 to + 85 °C
Typical Phase Noise @ 1.0 GHz
10 MHz Step
200 kHz Step
-50
SSB Level (dBc/Hz)
Frequency Range:
Operating Bandwidth:
Output Power:
Frequency Stability:
Input Reference: Note 1
Frequency –
Power –
Note 1: K is a ratio of the input reference signal divided by the
selected step size as defined below:
Group A: K = Ref. Signal
Step Size
Group B: K = 1/2 [Ref. Signal/Step Size)
Group C: K = 1/4 [Ref. Signal/Step Size)
K must be an even divisible and be a number over the
range of 1 to 1023.
The output noise will degrade if K < 10.
-70
-90
-110
-130
-150
-170
1
5
10
100
1000
Offset Frequency (kHz)
10000
Figure 1
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
82
Synthesizers
Catalog, Indirect Synthesizers 0.4 - 4.95 GHz
Model: SYN 60-000 Series
TABLE I – MODEL NUMBER SELECTION GUIDE
TABLE III - PIN Descriptions
Frequency Range
(GHz)
Model Number
Current
(mA, maximum)
Group
0.4 to .6
.6 to .9
.9 to 1.25
1.25 to 1.6
1.6 to 2.1
2.1 to 2.5
2.2 to 2.8
2.7 to 3.25
3.1 to 3.75
3.75 to 4.35
4.35 to 4.95
60-000-9X00-000
60-000-9X01-000
60-000-9X02-000
60-000-9X03-000
60-000-9X04-000
60-000-9X06-000
60-000-9X07-000
60-000-9X08-000
60-000-9X09-000
60-000-9X10-000
60-000-9X11-000
320
320
320
320
340
340
380
380
380
380
380
A
A
A
A
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
TABLE II – STEP SIZE DESIGNATOR
Step Size
(MHz)
.2
.5
1
2
5
10
20
50
Switching Speed
(µs, maximum)
Spurious
Designator
(dBc, maximum) Number
Group A
Group B
Group C
1200
600
300
150
100
50
25
25
2400
1200
600
300
200
100
50
50
4800
2400
1200
600
400
200
100
100
2X.125
+.005
4XO .104 -.002 THRU
-
55
55
55
60
60
60
65
65
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
BIT 1
BIT 2
BIT 3
BIT 4
BIT 8
No Connection
BIT 10
No Connection
No Connection
No Connection
BIT 12
+ 15 Vdc
Ground
BIT 0
LOCK (Logic 0 = Lock)
BIT 5
BIT 6
BIT 7
BIT 9
BIT 11
BIT 13
2X 1.250
4X.15
RF OUT
2.400±.005
SYNTHESIZER
P/N
S/N
MFG DATE
J2
2X 2.150
.82
MDM 21 SOCKET
MATES WITH
MDM 21P
J1
4X.25
4X.25
2X.74
0
2X .125
REF IN
.460 MAX
8X.32
.25
1.500±.005
Ordering Information:
Specify the Model Number from Table I by replacing the “X” with the desired step size designation number from Table II. Designate extended operating temperature option by
changing the last three digits of the model number from -000 to -002. Example: Model 60-000-9100-002 is a .4 to .6 GHz synthesizer with 0.2 MHz step size and extended
operating temperature option.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
83
Synthesizers
Fast Indirect Frequency Synthesizer, 0.55 - 1.85 GHz
Model: SYN085
Features:
Fast Switching: < 35 µs
Small Size: 9 cubic inches
Low Spurious: ≤ 65 dBc
Wide Temperature Range: - 55 to + 95 °C
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
Step Size: Note 1
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
0.55 - 1.85 GHz, approximate
1 MHz (Mode 1)
4 MHz (Mode 2)
Switching Speed:
80 µs, max to within 1 MHz
(Mode 1)
35 µs, max to within 1 MHz
(Mode 2)
Output Power:
+ 15 dBm ± 1 dB, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical): Note 2
Offset
1 kHz
- 90
10 kHz
- 90
100 kHz
- 95
1 MHz
- 126
10 MHz
- 142
Reference Input:
100 MHz @ - 5 dBm, nominal
Spurious:
- 65 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 15 dBc, maximum
Tuning Control:
Custom parallel TTL, Latched
BITE Scheme:
RF Power & Lock bits
DC Power:
+ 15 V @ 325 mA, typical
- 15 V @ 55 mA, typical
+ 5 V @ 410 mA, typical
Power Consumption:
6.2 W, typical; 7.75 W, max
- 55 to + 95 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (nominal)
4.5 x 2.5 x 0.8 inches
114 x 64 x 20 mm
10 oz (284 g) nominal
GPO
Weight:
RF Connectors:
Note 1: Resolution as fine as 500 kHz is available, although other
performance parameters may vary.
Note 2: Phase noise listed is relative to the phase noise of the input
reference oscillator and is based on Mode 1 operation.
100 MHz
TUNE
WORD
PLL
ASSY
FPGA
LOGIC
ASSY
S
P
D
T
VAR
ATT
AMP
AMP
10dB
550-1850 MHz
STEP SIZE
1 OR 4 MHz
DET
RF BIT
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
84
Synthesizers
Fast Indirect Synthesizer, 0.6 - 1 GHz
Model: SYN086
Features:
Fast Switching: < 100 ns, typical
Low Power Consumption: < 8 W
Low Phase Noise: - 130 dBc @ 10 kHz offset
Small Size: < 30 cubic inches
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Synthesizer Output, J1
Frequency Range:
575 - 1075 MHz
Step Size:
25 MHz
Switching Speed: Note 1 95 ns, typical
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm ± 2 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical): Note 2
Offset
Fout @ 1075 MHz
100 Hz
- 80
1 kHz
- 110
10 kHz
- 130
100 kHz
- 130
1 MHz
- 132
10 MHz
- 140
≥ 100 MHz
- 143
Reference Input:
100 MHz @ + 9.5 dBm, nominal
Accuracy:
Same as reference input
Spurious (maximum)
:- 65 dBc (in-band)
- 50 dBc (out-of-band)
Harmonics:
- 60 dBc, typical
VSWR (maximum):
2.0:1
Tuning Control:
6 bit TTL, Parallel
DC Power (typical):
+ 15.5 V @ 385 mA
+ 5 V @ 325 mA
Power Dissipation:
7.6 W, typical
Operating Temp.:
Environment:
- 20 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Airborne and Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size (no connectors):
6.5 x 4.6 x 0.95 inches
165 x 117 x 24 mm
2 lbs (907 g), maximum
26 Pin “Sub-D”, SSMA - Female
Weight:
Connectors:
Note 1: Switching speed is measured to within 100 kHz of the final
frequency.
Note 2: Output noise performance is relative to the noise level of the
input reference signal.
RF
RF
SW
SW
∆ = 100 MHz
RF
RF
SW
SW
100 MHz
575-1075 MHz
RF
RF
SW
SW
•
4
∆ = 25 MHz
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
85
Synthesizers
Miniature Indirect Synthesizer, 0.725 - 1.275 GHz
Model: SYN087
Features:
Low Phase Noise Under Vibration
Fast Switching: ≤ 25 µs
Small Size: < 1.7 cubic inches & < 3 ounces
Low Power Consumption: < 5 W
BIT for Phase Lock
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Operating Temp.:
Environment:
725-1275 MHz
5 MHz
25 µs maximum to within 100 kHz
of the final frequency
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm ± 1 dB, typical
SSB Phase Noise @ 725 MHz (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
100 Hz
- 80
1 kHz
- 103
10 kHz
- 103
100 kHz
- 100
1 MHz
- 118
10 MHz
- 142
100 MHz
- 150
Reference Signal:
100 MHz input @ 0 dBm, nominal
Accuracy:
Same as Reference Input
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 25 dBc, max; - 30 dBc,typical
Tuning Control:
7 bit Parallel (not decoded)
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock BIT
(TTL “0” = lock indicated)
DC Power:
+ 15 V @ 310 mA, nominal
Power Consumption: 4.65 W, nominal
- 20 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (no connectors): 2.4 x 1.5 x 0.46 inches
61 x 38 x 12 mm
Weight:
2.4 oz (68 g), maximum
RF Connectors:
GPO (or Field Replaceable SMA)
DC Connector:
Feedthru Pins
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
86
Synthesizers
Indirect Synthesizer, 1 - 2.5 GHz
Model: SYN089
Features:
Wide Bandwidth
Fast Switching: 175 µs, typical
Small, Modular Package
Second Tray Option up to 18 GHz
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
1 - 2.5 GHz
Step Size:
2 MHz, typical
Switching Speed:
175 µs, typical
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm ± 2 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 kHz
- 95
100 kHz
- 100
1 MHz
- 130
Reference Signal:
External @ 10 MHz
Stability:
Follows Input Reference
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 15 dBc, maximum
Output VSWR:
2.0:1, typical
Tuning Control:
16 BIT, TTL, plus strobe
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock & RF bits
DC Power:
± 15 V, + 5 V (< 9 W)
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 30 to + 70 °C
Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors):
Connectors:
5.4 x 5 x 1.6 inches
137 x 127 x 41 mm
SMA
VCO
S
P
D
T
1.0-2.5 GHz
2 MHz STEPS
VCO
PLL
Note 1: Step sizes as low as 1 MHz are available.
10 MHz REF
SIGNAL INPUT
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
87
Synthesizers
Dual Indirect Synthesizer “Ping-Pong”, 1.5 - 1.8 GHz
Model: SYN090
Features:
Ultra Fast Switching: ≤ 500 ns
Low Phase Noise
High Vibration Operation: 20 grms
Ping-Pong for Radar Applications
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Output,
Ref. Input, LO Input,
Port 1
Port 2
Port 3
Frequency Range: 1.5 - 1.8 GHz 64 MHz
1920 MHz
Step Size:
2 MHz, typical
Switching Speed: Note 2
Channel to Channel
500 ns, maximum
Single Channel
25 µs, typical
Output Power:
+ 12 dBm, typ ECL
+ 10 dBm
Power Flatness: ± 2 dB
± 2 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
1 kHz
- 110
- 150
- 117
10 kHz
- 112
- 155
- 127
100 kHz
- 123
- 155
- 127
1 MHz
- 140
- 155
- 137
Accuracy:
Same as Reference Input
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 40 dBc, maximum
VSWR:
1.5 :1, typical
Tuning Control:
9 bit TTL, Parallel plus Strobe
BITE Scheme:
Amplitude & Phase Lock bits
RF Monitor Outputs:
Port 5 & Port 6; 0 dBm ± 3dB
DC Power:
+ 15 V @ 800 mA, typical
- 15 V @ 100 mA, typical
+ 5 V @ 1500 mA, typical
- 5 V @ 300 mA, typical
Power Consumption:
23 W, typical
Operating Temperature:
Operating Vibration:
Vibration Sensitivity:
Environment:
- 54 to + 55 °C, baseplate
20 g rms
5 x 10-10/g
Various
Mechanical Specifications
Size (no connectors):
Connectors:
Weight:
9 x 6 x 1.5 inches
229 x 153 x 38 mm
44 Pin “D”, Blind Mate RF
4 lbs (1814 g), approximate
Note 1: Performance variations offered in the same volume may affect
other specifications.
Note 2: Switching speed is specified to within ± 5° of the final
frequency. See application note on Page 104.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
88
Synthesizers
Small Step Indirect Synthesizer, 1.6 - 2.7 GHz
Model: SYN091
Features:
Small Step Size: 100 Hz
Low Phase Noise: - 112 dBc/Hz @ 150 kHz offset
Low Spurious: - 80 dBc
Iterative Design
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
1.6 - 2.7 GHz
Step Size:
100 Hz
Switching Speed:
350 µs to phase stability
Output Power:
+ 5 dBm ± 1.5 dB, typical
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz,typical):
Offset
10 kHz
- 100
50 kHz
- 102
150 kHz
- 112
Reference Input:
5 MHz @ 0 dBm
Stability:
Follows Input Reference Signal
Spurious:
- 80 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 45 dBc, maximum
Tuning Control:
40 bit Differential
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock bits & LEDs
DC Power:
± 15 V, + 5 V ( 28 W)
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
0 to + 70 °C
Shipboard
Mechanical Specifications
Size (excluding connectors): 7.5 x 7.25 x 5.25 inches
191 x 184 x 133 mm
Weight:
14 lbs (6.35 kg), max
5.00-5.09 MHz
∆=10 KHz
5 MHz
5 MHz
TUNE
WORD
(÷N)
PLL2
÷10
TUNE
WORD
(÷N)
5 MHz
PLL3 ÷10
TUNE
WORD
(÷N)
PLL4
SPDT
÷10
5 MHz
SPDT
PLL1
5.0000-5.0999 MHz
∆=100 Hz
50-54.9999 MHz
∆=100 Hz
5.000-5.099 MHz
∆=1 KHz
SWITCHED
FILTER BANK
TUNE
WORD
(÷N)
5 MHz
5 MHz
PHASE
LOCKED
VCXO
200 MHz
S
P
6
T
S
P
6
T
SWITCHED
FILTER BANK
PLL6
PLL5
1.6-2.7 GHz
100 Hz STEPS
TUNE
WORD
(÷N)
∆=200 MHz
∆=5 MHz
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
89
Synthesizers
Modulated Synthesizer, 2.9 - 3.1 GHz
Model: SYN093
Features:
Variable Modulation Schemes
High Power Output: 1 W minimum
Bit Detection
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
Frequency Range:
2.9 - 3.1 GHz
Step Size:
250 kHz
Switching Speed:
500 µs, typical
Output Power:
+ 32.0 dBm ± 1 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
1 kHz
- 80
10 kHz
- 85
100 kHz
- 100
1 MHz
- 120
10 MHz
- 145
Modulation Clock:
10 MHz, Differential TTL
Test Output:
480 MHz
Spurious:
- 50 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 45 dBc, maximum
Output VSWR:
1.3:1, maximum
Tuning Control:
10 bit Parallel, Differential TTL
BITE Scheme:
Failure Alarm & Parity bits
Pulse On/Off Ratio:
60 dB, minimum
Modulation:
Continuous Shift Quadraphase,
13 bit Barker Code
DC Power:
± 15 V, + 5 V
Power Consumption:
23 W (Pulsed)
- 54 to + 75 °C, baseplate
Various
Mechanical Specifications
Size (no connectors):
Note 1
9 x 6.1 x 1.8 inches
229 x 155 x 46 mm
3 lbs (1.36 kg)
SMA Female
50 pin Type D
Weight: Note 1
RF Connectors:
DC Connector:
+33 dBm
+25 ˚C
-51 ˚C
+75 ˚C
+32 dBm
< 1 dB VARIATION
+31 dBm
2.6 GHz
3.0 GHz
3.1 GHz
Power Output vs. Frequency and Temperature
RF BIT
2.9 GHz - 3.1 GHz
250 KHz STEPS
PLL
Note 1: Measurements without heat sink
BITS
10 MHz
REF IN
DDS
TUNE
WORD
LOGIC
DECODE
CONTROL
480 MHz
TCXO
480 MHz
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
90
Synthesizers
Direct Synthesizer, 3.25 - 4.75 GHz
Model: SYN094
Features:
Fast Switching: < 1 µs
Low Spurious: - 70 dBc
Small Size: 9 cubic inches
Low DC Power: 4.35 watts
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Output Power:
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
3.25 - 4.75 GHz
500 MHz
1 µs, max
+ 15 dBm ± 2 dB
(dual output), nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical): Note 1
Offset
1 kHz
- 105
10 kHz
- 108
100 kHz
- 113
1 MHz
- 122
Reference Input:
125 MHz @ - 5 dBm,
nominal
Spurious:
- 70 dBc, max
Harmonics:
- 15 dBc, max
Tuning Control:
Custom parallel TTL
BITE Scheme:
RF Power bit
DC Power:
+ 15 V @ 240 mA, max
+ 5 V @ 115 mA, max
- 5 V @ 35 mA, max.
Power Consumption:
4.35 W, max
- 55 to + 95 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
4.5 x 2.5 x 0.8 inches
114 x 64 x 20 mm
10 oz (283.5 g), max
GPO
MDM 15 pin
Weight:
RF Connectors:
DC Connector:
Note 1: Phase noise listed is relative to the phase noise of the input
reference oscillator. See plot of typical SSB levels.
125 MHz
REFERENCE
INPUT
X2
SRD
S
P
4
T
S
P
4
T
3.25-4.75 GHz
500 MHz STEPS
BIT
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
91
Synthesizers
Direct Synthesizer, 7 - 9 GHz
Model: SYN096
Features:
Fast Switching: 500 ns, maximum
Good Close-In Phase Noise
Modular Construction
Built-in Power Supply
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
7 - 9 GHz, 1 GHz Bandwidth
Step Size:
1 MHz
Switching Speed:
500 ns, maximum
Output Power:
+ 19 dBm ± 2 dB
Output Attenuation:
- 60 dB for “No RF” state
VSWR:
1.5:1, maximum
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 kHz
- 110
100 kHz
- 115
1 MHz
- 120
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 60 dBc, maximum
Tuning Control:
8 bit TTL plus Strobe
BITE Scheme:
AC Applied, RF Power,
Failure & Parity bits
AC Power:
+ 115 V, 400 Hz (85 W)
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
0 to + 70 °C
Shipboard
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (nominal)
15 x 8.5 x 5 inches
381 x 216 x 127 mm
M28840 & M24308 types
Connectors:
CONNECTOR PER
M24308/4-5
3X 10-32 UMF-2A
CAPTIVE MTG SCREW
SYNTH
DS2
BIT
S1
DS4
DS1
FREQ MHZ
SYNTH
NORF
J3
A.C. POWER
CAUTION HIGH VOLTAGE
DS3
CAPTIVE MOUNTING
SCREW-8PL
8.50 TYP
CONN SMA
FEMALE
15.00
X4
÷2
BIT
BIT
“No RF”
10 X 3
SWITCH
MATRIX
÷ 10
X5
CONN PER
MIL-C-28840
BIT
5.00
MAX
BIT
3X .00 - .30
X N
BIT
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
92
Synthesizers
X to Ku Band Synthesizer “In Bands”, 8 - 15 GHz
Model: SYN099
Features:
Low Phase Noise
Fast Switching: < 250 µs
Low DC Power Consumption: < 14 watts
BIT for Phase Lock
Small Size: < 31 cubic inches
Low Weight: < 2 lbs
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
Bandwidth:
Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
8 - 15 GHz
500 MHz, maximum
5 MHz Note 1
250 µs to within 10 kHz
of the final frequency
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm ± 2 dB, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 kHz
- 90
100 kHz
- 105
1 MHz
- 125
Reference Signal:
100 MHz input @ 0 dBm, min
Accuracy:
Same as Reference Input
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, maximum
Harmonics:
- 30 dBc, maximum
Tuning Control:
8 bit Parallel plus Strobe
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock bit
(TTL “1” = lock indicated)
DC Power:
+ 28 V @ 180 mA, typical
+ 15 V @ 500 mA, typical
+ 5 V @ 100 mA, typical
Power Consumption:
14 W, typical
MTBF:
25,000 hrs (+ 85 °C )
- 40 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Airborne and Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size (no connectors):
Weight:
Connectors:
100 MHz
REFERENCE
INPUT
6 x 3.6 x 1.4 inches
152 x 91 x 36 mm
2 lbs (0.9 kg), maximum
Sub-D, 25 pin and SMA (F)
8-15 GHz
500 MHz BW
5 MHz STEPS
PLL
PLDRO
LOGIC BIT
Note 1: Step sizes as low as 1 MHz are available.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
93
Synthesizers
Wideband Frequency Synthesizer, 10 - 20 GHZ
Model: SYN101
Features:
Octave Frequency Coverage
Small Package: 80 cubic inches
Fast Switching Speed
Suitable for High Vibration
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
10 - 20 GHz, approximate
Step Size:
5 MHz, typical
Switching Speed:
150 µs, typical
Output Power:
+ 5 dBm ± 2 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
10 kHz
- 70
100 kHz
- 75
1 MHz
- 115
10 MHz
- 140
Stability:
± 2 ppm, maxi; 0.2 ppm, typ.
Reference Output:
100 MHz @ + 2 dBm ± 2 dB
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, max; - 65 dBc, typ.
Harmonics:
- 15 dBc, max; - 25 dBc, typ.
Tuning Control:
11 bit Parallel TTL & Strobe
BITE Scheme:
RF Power & Phase Lock bits
Output VSWR:
1.5:1
DC Power:
± 15 V, + 5 V (35 W)
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 40 to + 70 °C, baseplate
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size: (nominal)
Weight:
RF Connectors:
DC Connector:
8 x 5 x 2 inches
203 x 127 x 51 mm
4.8 lbs (2.2 kg), maximum
SMA Female
37 Pin MDM
CONN, FEMALE, 37 PIN
PER M83513/04-FOIC
4.89
5.67
2X SMA CONN
FEMALE
2.00
7.94
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
94
Synthesizers
Multi Output STALO Synthesizers, X-Band
Model: SYN110
Features:
Š Low Phase Noise
Š Fast Switching Speed
Š Small Package Design
Š Multiple RF Outputs
Š 250 MHz Bandwidth on X-Band Output
Electrical Specifications
Freq. Range:
Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Output Power:
Power Flatness:
SSB Phase Noise
Offset
100 Hz
1 kHz
10 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
Spurious:
Harmonics:
LO 1
X-Band
36
10
+16
±3
LO 2
L-Band
28
10
+16
±3
dBc/Hz, typical
- 63
- 112
- 120
- 120
- 120
- 60
- 60
- 44
- 100
- 110
- 110
- 112
- 60
- 60
LO 3
60
+3
± 1.5
Accuracy:
Tuning Control:
BITE Scheme:
DC Power:
± 50 ppm (all outputs)
4 bit TTL
Phase Lock Bit (Logic “0” indicates loss of lock.)
+ 15 V @ 1600 mA, max
- 15 V @ 350 mA, max
+ 5 V @ 500 mA, max
Power Consumption: 30 W, typical
MHz
MHz
µs, max
dBm
dB
Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 100
- 125
- 140
- 140
- 140
- 60 dBc, max
- 50 dBc, max
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
4.31” x 7.125” x 1.5”
109 x 181 x 39 mm
5 lbs, nominal
2.3 kg
9 Pin Sub-D, SMA
Weight:
Connectors:
CONN, 9 PIN D-SUB, PLUG
PER MIL-C-24308.
RETAINER, SLIDE LOCK
(CANNON PN DE51224-1)
1.500±.020
[38.1±.5]
.810±.050
[20.5±1.3]
J3
GND
3.64±.050
[92.45±1.30]
J4
COHO
2X
4.000±.020
[101.5±.5]
3.520±.020
[89.5±.5]
4.310±.020
[109.5±.5]
J1
LO1
J2
LO2
3.81±.050
[96.75±1.30]
+.020
4X .177 -.005THRU
+.5
[ 4.5 -.1 THRU]
.395±.020
[10±.5]
2X R .235±.020
[6±.5]
+5V +15V
.250±.050
[6.35±1.30]
2.51±.050
[63.75±1.30]
2X .430±.020
[11±.5]
2X 6.730±.020
[171±.5]
2X
1.100±.050
[27.9±1.3]
-15V
.250±.050
[6.35±1.30]
7.125±.020
[181±.5]
.430±.020
[11±.5]
2X .195±.020
[5±.5]
2X .155±.020
[4±.5]
1.100±.050
[28.0±1.3]
4X .650±.050
[16.5±1.3]
.120±.020
[3±.5]
- 54 to + 85 °C, baseplate
Ground and Airborne
3X CONN, SMA, JACK
PER MIL-C-39012
.420±.050
[10.7±1.3]
1.220±.050
[31.0±1.3]
1.140±.050
[29.0±1.3]
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
95
Synthesizers
Ultra Wideband Synthesizers 2 - 18 GHz
Model: SYN111
Features:
2.0 - 18 GHz Frequency Range
1 MHz Step Size
Rugged Construction
Military Environments
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
Switching Speed:
Tuning Resolution:
Harmonics:
Spurious:
Phase Noise (max):
Offset
100 kHz
700 kHz
2.0 -18.0 GHz
6 ms
1 MHz
- 25 dBc, max
- 60 dBc, max
Output Power:
Output Power Variation:
Internal Reference:
Power Supply:
Option 1:
26 [email protected]
25 dBm, min
± 3 dBm
16 MHz, ±50 ppm
Digital Inputs:
Warm-up Time:
Temperature Range:
Operating:
Non-Operating
Environment:
-40 to 90 °C
-54 to 100 °C
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
SSB Level
- 65 dBc/Hz
- 90 dBc/Hz
Option 2:
+5 [email protected]
+15 [email protected]
-15 [email protected]
+26 [email protected]
Size:
Option 1:
Option 2:
6” x 5” x 2.7”
6” x 5” x 2.0”
Weight:
Option 1:
Option 2:
4 lbs.
3 lbs.
RF Connectors:
SMA(F)
DC & Control:
Option 1:
Option 2:
Cannon D, 21 pins
MDM, 37 pins
TTL, 3 wire 19 bit
1 minute
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
96
Synthesizers
Wideband YIG Synthesizers, 5 - 10 GHz
Model: SYN112
Features:
Octave Bandwidth
Fine Frequency Resolution
Built-In Test Function
Environmental Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Frequency Range:
Step Size:
Switching Speed:
Output Power:
SSB Phase Noise:
Offset
10 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
5 -10 GHz, approximate
500 kHz
350 µs, steps up to 10MHz
17 dBm ±3 dB typical
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
Weight:
SSB Level
- 48 dBc/Hz typical @10 GHz
-85 dBc/Hz typical @10 GHz
-125 dBc/Hz typical @10 GHz
Stability:
Spurious:
Harmonics:
Tuning Control:
BITE Scheme:
DC Power:
Temperature Sensors:
- 40 to 85 °C
Airborne
RF Connectors:
DC Connector:
5.45” x 5.45” x .95”
3 lbs.
1.36 kg.
GPO
37 pin, MDM
± 50 ppm
- 60 dBc, maximum
- 30 dBc, maximum
14 bit TTL & Strobe
Phase Lock Bit
± 14 V, ± 5 V (40W)
10 µA/°C
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
97
Synthesizers
Dual Module Synthesizers, 9.5 - 10.9 GHz
Model: SYN145
Features:
Š Two Independent X-Band Source Outputs for
TX/RX
Š Adaptable Serial Interface
Š 125 kHz Frequency Stepsize
Š Integrated Phase Noise (DSB) <0.2 deg ms
Š Low Cost and High Performance
Š Configurable in any 700 MHz Band
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
Step Size:
Output Power:
Switching Speed:
Stability:
Internal Reference
Output VSWR
Harmonics:
Spurious:
SSB Phase Noise:
Offset
10 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
9.5 -10.9 GHz
0.125 MHz
10 to 15 dBm
4 ms
± 3 ppm
Yes
2.0:1
- 25 dBc
- 65 dBc
DC Power Voltage:
Current:
± 5, + 8.5, +20 V
620, 1300, 15 mA
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
0 to 70 °C
Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size:
RF Connectors:
DC Interface:
10” x 5” x 1.2”
SMA (F)
40 pin Santec
SSB Level
- 95 dBc/Hz
-115 dBc/Hz
-138 dBc/Hz
3X R.260
10.0
Dimensions: Inches
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] Š www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Š Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Š Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 10/03
98
Synthesizers
High Speed Direct Synthesizer, 9.25 - 19 GHz
Model: SYN146
Features:
High Speed Switching <500 nsec
Wide Bandwidth
Small Size: <2400 cc
Step Size As Small As: < 1 Hz
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
9.25 - 19 GHz
Step Size:
≈ 33 kHz
Switching Speed:
< 500 nsec
Output Power:
+ 11 dBm, nominal
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz @ 19 GHz):
Offset
100 Hz
- 60
1 kHz
- 90
10 kHz
- 112
Accuracy:
± 60 ppm
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
- 50 dBc, max
Tuning Control:
18 BIT parallel binary, TTL
DC Power:
+ 15 VDC @ 1 A
+ 8 VDC @ 3 A
- 8 VDC @ 0.6 A
Power Consumption:
43 W, max
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 54 to + 95 °C
Airborne
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
Weight:
RF Connectors:
DC Connector:
6.69 x 5.24 x 4.18 inches
170 x 133 x 106.2 mm
12 lbs (5.44 kg)
SMA (F)
MDM 37
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 1/04
99
Synthesizers
Dual Output Synthesizer, 9 - 10 GHz
Model: SYN147
Features:
Dual Output
Pulse Modulation Input
Designed For Rugged Environment
Low Phase Noise Under Vibration
Electrical Specifications
CH1
Environmental Specifications
CH2
Frequency Range: 8.995 - 9.995 GHz 9.0 - 10.0 GHz
Step Size:
5 MHz
20 MHz
Switching Speed: 1 msec
1 msec
Pulse Modulation:
1 µs
Output Power:
+ 10 dBm
+ 8 dBm
Power Flatness:
± 2 dB
± 2 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typical):
Offset
0.1 kHz
- 65
-70
1 kHz
- 72
-72
10 kHz
- 72
-72
1 MHz
-120
-120
Temp. Stability:
± 60 ppm
± 60 ppm
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, max
- 60 dBc, max
Harmonics:
- 55 dBc, max
- 55 dBc, max
VSWR:
1.5:1
1.5:1
Tuning Control:
3 Wire Serial
3 Wire Serial
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock
Phase Lock
DC Power:
+ 15 V @ 350mA, typical
- 15 V @ 50mA, typical
+ 5 V @ 350mA, typical
Power Consumption:
8 W, typical
Operating Temperature:
Vibration Sensitivity:
Environment:
- 40 to + 75 °, baseplate
1x10-9/g, typical
Missile
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
Weight:
Connectors:
5.9 x 4.1 x 1.6 inches
170 x 105 x 40 mm
2.2 lbs (1 kg) approx.
MDM - 25F, SMA RF
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 1/04
100
Synthesizers
Quad Frequency Synthesizer, .65 - .95 GHz
Model: SYN148
Features:
4 Independent Channels
Fast Switching Speed: 65 µs
Fine Step Size: < 1 kHz
Small Package
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Frequency Range:
.65 - .95 GHz
Step Size:
< 1 kHz
Switching Speed:
65 µs, typical
Output Power:
+ 13 dBm, ± 2.0 dB
SSB Phase Noise (dBc/Hz, typica):
Offset
100 Hz
- 96
1 kHz
- 102
50 kHz
- 112
1 MHz
- 125
Reference Signal:
External @ 300 MHz
Stability:
Follows Input Reference
Spurious:
- 60 dBc, typical
Harmonics:
- 50 dBc, max
Output VSWR:
2.0:1, typical
Tuning Control:
Parallel w/ Select & Strobe
BITE Scheme:
Phase Lock, RF Power
DC Power:
+ 15, -12, +5 V (36 Watts)
Operating Temperature:
Environment:
- 30 to + 70 °C
Ground
Mechanical Specifications
Size (nominal):
Weight:
Connectors:
9.1 x 5.96 x 1.6 inches
231 x 151 x 41 mm
4.7 lbs (21.32 kg)
SMA, Sub-D
Specifications subject to change without notice.
TRAK Microwave
E-mail: [email protected] www.trak.com
4726 Eisenhower Blvd
Dunsinane Avenue
Tampa, Florida 33634-6391 USA
Dundee, DD2 3QF Scotland
Ph: 813-901-7200 Fx: 813-901-7491
Ph: 44-1382-427200 Fx: 44-1382-833599
©TRAK Microwave Corp. 1/04
101
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