Sharp | AR-810 | Service manual | Sharp AR-810 Service manual

SERVICE MANUAL
CODE: 00ZAR810//F1E
DIGITAL COPIER
MODEL
AR-651
AR-810
CONTENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
COPY PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
GENERAL OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
CONTROL PANEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
SCANNING SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
IMAGE PROCESSING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
LASER & OPTICAL UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
PAPER FEEDING SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
PROCESS SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
DRUM/CLEANER UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
DEVELOPER UNIT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
FUSER UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1
EXIT/REVERSING UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-1
RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-1
POWER SUPPLY UNIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1
PRINTED WIRING BOARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18-1
UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19-1
Parts marked with “ ” are important for maintaining the safety of the set. Be sure to replace these parts with
specified ones for maintaining the safety and performance of the set.
SHARP CORPORATION
This document has been published to be used
for after sales service only.
The contents are subject to change without notice.
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS REGARDING THE INSTALLATION
AND SERVICE FOR THE COPIER AR-651/810
The installation and service should be done by a qualified service technician.
1.
Transportation/Installation
• When transporting/installing the copier, move it by the casters while lifting the stoppers.
The copier is quite heavy and weighs approximately 200 kg (441 lb), therefore use caution
when handling it.
• Be sure to use a dedicated line with AC 115V or 120V/20A (220V, 230V, 240V/10A) or more for its
power source.
• The copier must be properly grounded for safety.
Never ground it to a gas pipe or a water pipe.
• Select a suitable place for installation.
Avoid excessive heat, high humidity, dust, vibration, direct sunlight and areas where the temperature may change rapidly such as in direct line with a heating or cooling duct.
• Also provide proper ventilation as the copier emits a slight amount of ozone.
• To insure adequate working space for the copying operation, keep a minimum clearance of
80 cm (32”) on the left, 80 cm (32”) on the right and 10 cm (4”) in the rear.
• The power source must be installed near the copier and should be easily accessible in proper
safety.
Do not use an extension cord to provide power.
2.
Service of Machines
• Basically, be sure to turn the main switch off and unplug the power cord during service.
• Be sure not to touch high-temperature sections such as the exposure lamp, the fuser unit, the
damp heater and their periphery.
• Be sure not to touch the high-voltage sections such as the chargers, high-voltage transformer,
exposure lamp control inverter, inverter for the LCD backlight and power supply unit. These components and their PWB's should not be touched even if the power has been turned off since an
electirc charge may remain in their condensers, etc.
• Be sure not to touch rotating/operating sections such as gears, belts, pulleys, fan, etc.
• Be careful when removing the covers since there might be parts with very sharp edges underneath.
• When servicing the machines with the main switch turned on, be sure not to touch live sections
and rotating/operating sections. Avoid exposure to the laser's radiation.
• Use suitable measuring instruments and tools with the proper specifications.
• Avoid exposure to the laser's radiation during servicing.
- Avoid direct exposure to the laser beam.
- Do not insert tools, parts, etc. that are reflective into the path of the laser beam.
- Remove all watches, rings, bracelets, etc. that are reflective.
3.
Main Service Parts for Safety
• The breaker's, door switch's, fuse's, thermostat's, thermofuse's, thermistor's, etc. are particularly
important for safety. Be sure to handle/install them properly. Do not allow a short circuit to occur to
maintain the safety rating of the equipment replace these parts with only genuine Sharp parts of
the same type and makers.
4.
Cautionary Labels
• During servicing, be sure to check the rating plate and the cautionary labels such as “Unplug the
power cord during service”, “Hot area”, “Laser warning label” etc. to ensure they are legrable a
properly installed to the equipment.
5.
Disposition of Consumable Parts, Packing Materials, Used batteries and RAM-ICs
• Regarding the recovery and disposal of the copier, supplies, consumable parts, packing materials,
used batteries and RAM-ICs including litium batteries, it is recommended to follow the relevant
local regulations or rules.
6.
When parts are disassembled, reassembly is basically the reverse of disassembly unless
otherwise noted in this manual or other related documents. Be careful not to reassemble
small parts such as screws, washers, pins, E-rings, star washers in the wrong places or in the
wrong order.
7.
Basically, the machine should not be operated with any parts removed or disassembled.
8.
Precautions Against Static Electricity
• The PC board must be stored in an anti-electrostatic bag and handled carefully using a wristband,
because the ICs on it may become damaged due to static electricity.
Caution: Before using the wristband, pull out the power cord plug of the copier and make
sure that there are no uninsulated charged objects in the vicinity.
Caution :
Dispose of used batteries and RAM-ICs including lithium batteries
according with Federal, State and local regulations.
Attention :
Se débarrasser de batteries et RAM-ICs usés y compris les batteries en
lithium selon ce manuel.
Vorsicht :
Entsorgung des gebrauchten Batterien und RAM-ICs (inklusive
der Lithium-Batterie) nach diesem Handbuch.
CONTENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
SPECIFICATIONS
1. 1.
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1. 2.
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
1. 3.
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
1. 4.
Supplies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
1. 5.
System List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS
2. 1.
Sectional View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2. 2.
Electric Parts Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
2. 3.
Symbols and Functions of
Various Components. . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
2. 4.
Symbols and Functions of
RADF Various Components . . . . . . 2-24
2. 5.
System Block Layout. . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
2. 6.
Disassembly and Replacement
of Covers and PC Boards . . . . . . . . 2-27
8.
9.
COPY PROCESS
3. 1.
General Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3. 2.
Details of Copy Process . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
3. 3.
Comparison of Copy Process
to AR-650/800 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
IMAGE PROCESSING
7. 1.
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. 2.
Image Processing Circuit . . . . . . . . .
7. 3.
SLG Board (PWA-F-SLG-340) . . . . .
7. 4.
PLG Board (PWA-F-PLG-340) . . . . .
7. 5.
Scanning Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. 6.
Writing Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
7-2
7-4
7-7
7-8
7-8
LASER & OPTICAL UNIT
8. 1.
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. 2.
Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. 3.
Laser Diode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. 4.
Disassembly and Replacement . . . .
8-1
8-3
8-7
8-8
PAPER FEEDING SECTION
9. 1.
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
9. 2.
Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
9. 3.
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
9. 4.
Drive Circuit for Tray-up Motor . . . . 9-10
9. 5.
Disassembly and Replacement . . . 9-11
10. PROCESS SECTION
10. 1. Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. 2. Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. 3. Charger Wire Cleaner
Operational Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. 4. High-voltage Transformer
Output Control Circuit . . . . . . . . . . .
10. 5. Surface Potential Sensor . . . . . . . .
10. 6. Disassembly and Replacement . . .
GENERAL OPERATIONS
4. 1.
Overview of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4. 2.
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4. 3.
Abnormality Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
4. 4.
Flowchart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
CONTROL PANEL
5. 1.
Control Panel and Display Panel. . . . 5-1
5. 2.
Items Shown on Display Panel . . . . . 5-2
5. 3.
Relation between Copier State
and Operator’s Action . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
5. 4.
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
5. 5.
Disassembly and Replacement. . . . 5-11
11. DRUM/CLEANER UNIT
11. 1. Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11. 2. Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11. 3. Drum Temperature Detection
Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11. 4. Image Quality Control . . . . . . . . . . .
11. 5. Disassembly and Replacement . . .
SCANNING SECTION
6. 1.
Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6. 2.
Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6. 3.
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
6. 4.
Control for Exposure Lamp . . . . . . . . 6-7
6. 5.
CCD Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
6. 6.
Automatic Original Size
Detection Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
6. 7.
Disassembly and Replacement. . . . 6-15
10-1
10-2
10-3
10-4
10-6
10-8
11-1
11-2
11-2
11-3
11-6
12. DEVELOPER UNIT
12. 1. Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
12. 2. Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
12. 3. Developer Unit Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . 12-4
12. 4. Motor Drive Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
12. 5. Auto-toner Sensor Circuit . . . . . . . . 12-9
12. 6. Disassembly and Replacement . . 12-12
13. TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT
13. 1. General Description . . . . . . . . . . . .
13. 2. Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13. 3. Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13. 4. Disassembly and Replacement . . .
I
13-1
13-1
13-2
13-4
14. FUSER UNIT
14. 1. General Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1
14. 2. Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1
14. 3. Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-2
14. 4. Heater Control Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . 14-4
14. 5. Fuser Motor Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-11
14. 6. Disassembly and Replacement. . . 14-13
15. EXIT/REVERSING UNIT
15. 1. General Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-1
15. 2. Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-1
15. 3. Disassembly and Replacement. . . . 15-6
16. RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER)
16. 1. General Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-1
16. 2. Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-2
16. 3. Drive System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-3
16. 4. Signal Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . 16-6
16. 5. Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-7
16. 6. Jams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-32
16. 7. Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-37
16. 8. Original Size Detection . . . . . . . . . 16-38
16. 9. Flow Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-41
16. 10. Timing Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-57
16. 11. Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-62
16. 12. Input/Output Signals . . . . . . . . . . . 16-68
16. 13. Disassembly and Replacement. . . 16-73
17. POWER SUPPLY UNIT
17. 1. Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17. 2. Operation of DC Output Circuits . . .
17. 3. Output Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17. 4. Fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17. 5. Configuration of Power Supply
Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17. 6. Power Supply Sequence . . . . . . . . .
17-1
17-1
17-2
17-5
17-7
17-8
18. PRINTED WIRING BOARDS . . . . . . . . . . . 18-1
19. UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION . . . . . . 19-1
II
1. SPECIFICATIONS
1.1. Specifications
1.1.1. System
Copy system
Indirect electronic photo system (Dry type)
Body type
Console type
Original table type
Fixed type (Left rear reference)
Original cover
RADF standard provision
Frame structure
Fixed frame type
Photoconductor
OPC drum (φ100)
Original scan system
Scan sensor
CCD line sensor (7500 pixel)
Scan resolution
600 x 600 dpi
Scan light source
Xenon lamp
Scan data output system
1 scan multi copy system
Exposure system
Exposure light source
Semiconductor laser
Exposure resolution
600 dpi
Scan system
Use of Polygon mirror
Developing system
2-component magnetic brush development system
Discharging system
Photo discharge by red LED
Charging system
Negative corona system (Scorotron)
Transfer system
Transfer belt system
Separation system
Transfer belt system
Transfer belt cleaning system
Fur brush system + blade system
Drum cleaning system
Blade system + Fur brush system
Toner supply system
Front side toner cartridge supply
Note: Toner supply inhibited during printing
Toner concentration adjustment system
Magnetic auto toner system
Toner recycle
Yes
Toner empty detection system
Electric detection system (Auto toner sensor)
Note: When toner empty is detected, the toner supply symbol
flashes and the message is displayed.
Copying is inhibited until the toner concentration is
recovered.
Fusing system
Heat roller system
Induced heating
700 to 1450 W (100V)
system
6000 to 1500 W (115V)
700 to 1500 W (230V)
Roller diameter (Upper) φ60
Roller diameter (Lower) φ60
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 1
1.1.2. Basic specifications
A. Copy speed
(1) Continuous copy
AR-651
(cpm)
Paper feed system
Cassette
Paper size
LCF (Note 3)
Manual feed (Note 4)
Face up
Face down
Face up
Face down
Face up
Face down
exit
exit
exit
exit
exit
exit
65
65
48
48
A4-R, B5-R, LT-R
50
B4, FOLIO, LG, COMP
A3, LD
A4, B5, A5-R, LT, ST-R
65
65
(A4, LT)
(A4, LT)
48
—
—
42
42
43
40
—
—
37
37
37
34
—
—
33
33
AR-810
(cpm)
Paper feed means
PFP
Paper size
A4, B5, A5-R, LT, ST-R
LCF (Note 3)
Face up
exit
Face down
exit
81
81
Face up
exit
Face down
exit
81
81
(A4, LT)
(A4, LT)
Manual feed (Note 4)
Face up
exit
Face down
exit
50
50
A4-R, B5-R, LT-R
61
56
—
—
44
44
B4, FOLIO, LG, COMP
52
45
—
—
39
39
A3, LD
43
37
—
—
34
34
Note 1: Specification for manual set document, single copy, non-sort continuous copy
Note 2: State not entering the toner supply mode
Note 3: LCF is a tandem LCF (standard provision).
Note 4: Copy speed for manual feed is a speed with the size specified. If the size is not specified, the copy speed
is same as that of A3/LD.
(2) First copy
First copy time
3.2 sec or less
Note 1: The above specification is for manual set document, normal ratio, A4/LT size, 1st stage cassette paper
feed, and face-up exit.
Note 2: When APS is not used.
B. Warm-up time
Normal
About 160sec (160sec + 20% or less)
Note 1: State not entering the toner supply mode
Note 2: When there is no preceding entry
Pre-heating
About 45sec
Note 1: When the heater is at 155°C in preheating (AR-651)
When the heater is at 70°C in preheating (AR-810)
Note 2: State not entering the toner supply mode
Note 3: When there is no preceding entry
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 2
Evaluation conditions
1. Room temperature
20°C or above
2. Rated power
C. Original
Max. size
A3 or LD
Kind
Sheet, cubic material, book
Original size detection
Glass surface: Yes
Note 1: Fixed detection system with the RADF open
RADF: Yes
Note 1: Document width and length are detected in RADF paper feed.
Note 2: Only the first paper is detected except when mixed sizes of sheets are
loaded.
Allowable original size for
auto detection
Fixed size
AB series: A3, A4, A4-R, A5-R, B4, B5, B5-R
LT series: LD, LG, LT, LT-R, ST-R
D. Paper
(1) Size
Fixed size
Cassette
AB series: A3, A4, A4-R, A5-R, B4, B5, B5-R, FOLIO
LT series: LD, LG, LT, LT-R, ST-R, COM
Tandem LCF
AB series: A4
LT series: LT
Manual feed
AB series: A3, A4, A4-R, A5-R, B4, B5, B5-R, FOLIO
LT series: LD, LG, LT, LT-R, ST-R, COM
Note 1: Postcards can be used. (Reverse copy and duplex copy are inhibited.)
Note 2: Name cards cannot be used.
Note 3: Same surface copy cannot be used.
Note 4: Envelopes cannot be used.
Note 5: Fixed-size paper width is detected with the manual feed tray guide width.
Note 6: Manual feed of mixed-size sheets cannot be made.
(2) Kind
Cassette
• PPC paper
Note 1: Tracing paper, OHP films, label paper, postcards, and other special paper
cannot be used.
Note 2: Tab paper can be used only in the second stage cassette.
Manual feed
• PPC paper
• Tracing paper: Out of warranty for reliability
• OHP film: Out of warranty for reliability
• Tab paper: Out of warranty for reliability
(3) Max. weight
Cassette/Manual feed
64 to 209 g/m²
17 lbs to 110 lbs-index
Note 1: 80 to 209 g/m² or less available in the Heavy paper mode.
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 3
E. Paper feed
Paper feed means
Cassette, 2 steps
Tandem LCF
Manual feed
Capacity
Cassette: 500 sheets (Loading height: 55mm or less)
Tandem LCF: 1250 x 2 sheets (Loading height: 137mm or
less)
Manual feed: 100 sheets (Loading height: 11mm or less)
Manual feed start
START key start
Priority paper feed means
Yes
Tandem LCF
Note 1: Priority can be switched to the other paper feed
means by date input in the adjustment mode.
Manual feed size
Can be specified by pressing the paper size key after loading
specification
paper.
Note 1: Size specification allows binding margin, duplex edge
Paper size change
The paper guide in the cassette is shifted to the fixed size
erase, and continuous paper copy.
position, and the paper size is changed by the setup code or
the setup of the special menu.
F. Continuous copy
Number of copies
1 to 9999 sheets (Max. number of copies), in increment of 1
Input system
Input by 10 key
Counting system
Reduction system
Note 1: "1" is displayed in auto clear or during warm-up.
Note 2: Count-down display on the print status display for every print job
Note 3: For a cop job, the status is also displayed on the copy display.
G. Density adjustment
Automatic density
adjustment
Yes
Manual density
adjustment
11-step adjustment (Operated by keys on the control panel
LCD)
Priority mode
Automatic density adjustment
Note 1: Selection of automatic/manual is available by data
Factory setup: Auto
input in the adjustment mode.
H. Picture quality mode
Image process mode
Standard mode/Photo mode/Text mode
Priority mode
Standard mode
Note 1: Selectable by data input in the adjustment mode.
I. Magnification ratio
(1) Reduction, enlargement
Reduction, enlargement
Automatic setup by selection of the document size and the paper size
Note 1: Any fixed size (including different series) can be set to Japan A5, OTHER.
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 4
(2) Selected magnification ratio
a. AB series
Paper
Document
A3
A3
B4
FOLIO
A4
B5
A5
100
86
71
71
61
50
B4
115
100
82
82
71
57
FOLIO
127
110
100
90
78
63
A4
141
122
100
100
86
71
B5
163
141
115
115
100
82
A5
200
173
141
141
122
100
LD
COMP
LG
LT
ST
LD
100
82
78
65
50
COMP
108
100
84
78
54
LG
121
100
100
78
60
LT
129
119
100
100
65
ST
200
165
154
129
100
b. LT Series
Paper
Document
Note: Figures indicate the selected magnification ratios (%).
(3) Others
Zoom
25 to 400%, in increment of 1%
25 to 200%, in increment of 1% (when the RADF is used)
Copy range display
No
Note 1: The center position is displayed in continuous
paper copy and book copy.
Automatic paper select(APS)/
Automatic magnification ratio
Yes
Priority on APS
when shipping
select (AMS)
J. Counter display
Total counter
Mechanical, 7 digits
Displayed on the control panel.
A3/LD double count mode
Yes (Electronic counter)
Factory setup: ON
PM counter
Yes (Electronic counter)
Factory setup: 460K, 500K
Resettable counter
No
Document counter
Yes (Electronic counter)
Factory setup
Europe: Yes
Others: No
JOB counter
Copy counter
Print counter
Copy scan counter
File/network scan counter
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 5
K. Charger wire cleaning
Charger wire cleaning
Automatic cleaning system
Note: The charger wire is cleaned.
L. Special functions
Interruption
Pre-heating
Sleep
Auto off
Yes
Yes
Note 1: Automatic pre-heat function can be set in the
adjustment mode.
Note 2: Time can be set in the adjustment mode.
(Setup: 15, 20, 30, 45, 60 min)
Note 3: The fusing unit temperature in pre-heating can be
changed in the adjustment mode.
Yes (when the controller is connected)
Note: The power consumption in the sleep mode is max.
20W.
Yes (When the controller is not connected)
Note 1: Time up to off can be set in the adjustment mode or
on the adjustment menu. (Max. 240 min.)
Note 2: Use/Non-use can be selected by setup on the
adjustment mode.
Note 3: Selection of user setup allow/inhibit on time setup
can be set.
Key input can be
accepted during warm-up
or ready state.
Factory setup (Note 2):
15 min
Excluding the options and
the dump heater.
Factory setup (Note 1):
90 min
Factory setup (Note 2):
Yes
Factory setup (Note 3)
Japan, North America,
Australia: Allow
Europe: Inhibit
Auto clear
Yes
Note: Setup can be changed in the adjustment mode or on
the adjustment menu. (15 to 150sec (in increment of
All clear
Mode memory
15 sec))
Yes
Yes
Yes (The number of copies and the number of prints are
managed for each department.)
Note 1: Entry of the pass code in 5 digits is required when
supplying the power or in auto clear for copying.
Note 2: Common use with the key counter is inhibited.
Note 3: Max. 150 kinds can be set.
Yes (Option depending on the destination)
Yes
Note 1: Graphic LCD, back-light provided
Yes
Yes (4 modes)
Cover mode
Yes (following 4 modes)
Self diag
Error code history
Department
management (pass
code function)
Dew prevention
Message
(1) White cover mode
(2) Copy cover mode
(3) White cover/white back cover mode
(4) Copy cover/white back cover mode
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 6
Factory setup: 45sec
Factory setup: OFF
Entry of OOOO is
rejected. (Note 1)
Inhibited in interruption
copy
Sheet insertion mode
Yes (following 2 modes)
Weekly timer
Pre-heat start
Pre-heat copy
(1) White sheet insertion mode
(2) Copy paper insertion mode
Yes
Yes
Yes
Max. 6 jobs.
Note 1: The next copy job mode setup can be made when
document scan is completed. When the START key
is pressed, preceding entry of document is started.
Note 2: In the 6th job, the machine is in the scan reservation
state. After completion of copy 1 job, scan is
automatically started.
Automatic duplex
Yes
automatic selection
Time display
Copy riser support
Automatic sort
Automatic cassette
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
selection
Network printer
DSS
Language selection
Factory setup: OFF
Factory setup: ON
Network printer board can be connected. (Option)
No
Yes (Japanese, English, German, French, Spanish, Italian:
Factory setup)
FROM update
Note: Language data depends on the HDD.
Yes (following 2 methods)
Serviceman support
Adjustment code
(1) Downloading from PC
(2) Downloading from a jig PC board.
Yes (05, 08 code)
Serviceman support
output
Mixed-size document
Yes (when the RADF is installed)
mode
Heavy paper mode
Yes
Note 1: One of the following two modes must be selected
according to the kind of Heavy paper.
• Heavy paper mode 1: For paper of 80 g/m² to 163
g/m²
• Heavy paper mode 2: For paper of 163 g/m² - 209
g/m²
Note 2: The copy speed standard for using Heavy paper is
as shown below:
• Cassette, LCF (Tandem) paper feed, A4/LT size
AR-651
AR-810
Normal paper
65
81
Heavy paper mode 1
65
81
Heavy paper mode 2
65
65
Note 3: The duplex function is available.
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 7
Paper used for evaluation
North America: Wausau
Exact/Index
Europe: Noisydra Color
Copy
M. Edit functions
Continuous paper copy
Yes
Edge erase
Yes
Note: The edge erase priority mode
Factory setup: No priority
can be selected by the
adjustment mode.
Binding margin (Image shift)
Yes
Trimming, masking
Yes
2 in 1
Yes
4 in 1
Yes
Normal position for document set
N. Tab paper
Paper feed means
Supported only for manual paper feed and the second stage cassette.
Paper feed direction
The tab side must be on the rear side when feeding.
Kind of tab paper
A4/LT size
Tab width
• Manual paper feed: 10 to 20 mm
• Cassette 2: 12 to 17mm
Note 1: Initial value of tab width: 13mm
Print on the tab
Yes
section
Note 1: The overall input image is shifted toward the tab side (rear edge).
Note 2: The copy speed is reduced similarly to the heavy paper mode.
Duplex print
No
Note 1: Selection inhibited between Single ⇒ Duplex and Duplex ⇒ Duplex
Note 2: In duplex print with tab paper inserted, single print is made only in the tab paper.
Staple
Yes
Note: There is a limitation on the number of stapled sheets according to the heavy
paper specifications.
Punch
Yes
Note: When tab paper is inserted, tab paper is not punched. However, punching on tab
paper can be set in the setup mode.
Insert
Yes
O. Digital edit function
Independent zoom
Yes
Mirror image
Yes
Black-white reversion
Yes
Electronic sort
Yes
Magazine sort
Yes
Page numbering
Yes
Rotation copy
Yes
Image overlay
Yes
Document storage
Yes
Date/time writing
Yes
Image direction
Yes
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 8
P. Operation panel
Operation keys
Status display
Hard key
Note 1: The number of keys is 19 as follows:
ENERGY SAVER
INTERRUPT
CLEAR ALL (CA)
CLEAR
STOP
START
PRINTER/NETWORK
COPY
0 to 9 (10 keys)
JOB STATUS
HELP
Displayed with the message display and LED
Message display
Note 1: There are following 9 LEDs.
ENERGY SAVER
TIMER
INTERRUPT
CLEAR ALL
PRINTER/NETWORK
DATA
ERROR
COPY
JOB STASUS
Graphic LCD with touch panel (with back-light)
Note 1: Detail of LCD
Number of display dots: 320 x 240 (1/4 VGA)
Display area: 115.17mm x 86.37mm
Display mode: Blue mode
Print status key
Yes
The display when the print status key is pressed is composed of the job list, the print status,
and the cassette tab.
• Job list: The print jobs are listed. The job sequence can be changed and any job can be
deleted.
• Print status: Indicates which paper feed stage is used. In case of paper empty, the paper
feed stage blinks.
• Cassette: The cassette size and the attribute (cover paper, sheet, special) can be set.
Q. Environmental conditions
Normal use
10 to 30°C, 20 to 85% RH, without dew
Special use
(1) –5 to 10°C, 20 to 85% RH, without dew
(2) 30 to 35°C, 20 to 85% RH, without dew
–10 to 35°C, 85% RH or less, without dew
Recommended paper
immediately after
unpacking must be used.
Transit and storage with
consumable parts packed together
Transit and storage with
consumable parts packed together
Transit and storage of consumable
–40 to 50°C, 85% RH or less, without dew
–10 to 35°C, 85% RH or less, without dew
parts
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 9
R. Noises
When ready
45dB (A) or less
When continuous copying
65dB (A) or less
S. Complying standards
Safety standards
Interruption wave
standards
1) Electric appliances safety regulation
2) S mark
3) UL
4) CSA (C-UL)
5) CDRH
6) TUV
7) CE mark
1) VCCI
2) FCC (IC)
3) CE mark
4) C-TICK (Australia)
5) Radio wave regulations
6) Domestic harmonic wave
T. Power source
Power voltage, frequency
Power consumption
Power cord
100V-50/60Hz, 115V-50/60Hz, 220 to 240V-50/60Hz
2.0 kW or less
Note: Including options.
2m
Note: Detachable for the 200 series.
U. External view
External dimensions
(1) Machine: W698 x D777 x H1213 mm
Weight
Occupying area
Note 1: Excluding the manual paper feed tray and the paper exit tray.
(2) Machine + finisher: W1416 x D777 x H1213 mm
Note 1: Excluding the manual paper feed tray.
Machine only: 214 kg (including developer and the OPC drum)
(1) Machine only: W1401 x D777 mm
Note: Including the manual feed tray and the paper exit tray.
(2) Machine + finisher: W1742 x D777 mm
Note: Including the manual feed tray and the finisher tray.
V. Packing
External dimensions
Weight
Items packed together
W764 x D867 x H1305 mm (including the pallet)
240 kg
Operation Manual
OPC drum
Drum cover
Operation Manual pocket
Spacer for the document tray
Rear edge guide for tab paper
Maintenance management table (CCASZ0067FC02)
Delivery and installation report (TCADZ1510FCZZ) (Australia)
MSDS card (TCADZ) (North America, Europe)
Warranty paper for Australia (TGANE1001QCZB) (Australia)
cover-screws, 3 pcs.
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 10
W. Maintenance
(1) Periodic inspection
Execution interval
AR-651
AR810
460,000 sheets
500,000 sheets
X. Automatic document feeder
Automatic document feeder Standard provision
(1)Functions
Functions
Automatic separation and feed of loaded documents
a) Automatic magnification ratio/paper selection
b) Duplex documents supported
c) SADF/ADF
Allowed documents
Fixed size
AB series: A3, A4, A4-R, A5-R, B4, B5, B5-R
LT series: LD, LG, LT, LT-R, ST-R
Kind: Quality paper
Max. weight
Single copy documents: 50 g/m² to 127 g/m² (13 to 34 Lbs)
Duplex documents: 50 g/m² to 104 g/m² (13 to 28 Lbs)
Document capacity
100 sheets or loading height 16 mm or less
Note: All size 80 g/m² or 20lbs paper
Process speed
Corresponding to 65 sheets/min
Document process method
Loading: The last document at the bottom, face up
Note 1: A4/LT size, single → Single mode, normal ratio
Paper feed method: From the top, fed one by one to the copy section.
Paper exit method: From the top, face down, accumulated sequentially
Document position
Center reference
Power source
Supplied from the machine
Use frequency
Print quantity: RADF = 5 : 1 (Single document : Duplex document = 20 : 1)
Y. Automatic duplex unit
Automatic duplex unit
Standard provision
Kind
Stackless, switchback duplex unit
Allowable paper
Fixed size
AB series: A3, A4, A4-R, A5-R, B4, B5, B5-R, FOLIO
LT series: LD, LG, LT, LT-R, ST-R, COM
Kind
PPC paper
Paper weight
Weight: 64 to 209 g/m² (17 lbs to 110 lbs-index)
Curl level
5 mm or less (Paper feed section)
Transport reference
Center reference
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 11
Z. Tandem LCF
Standard provision
Kind
Single paper feed (Right), single shift (Left) type large
capacity paper feed unit
Paper supply system
Front loading type
No separation of right
and left (Overall pull-out)
Max. loading capacity
Loading height: 137mm or less x 2 stages
(1250 x 2 sheets, paper thickness 0.106mm, 80 g/m² /
20 lbs paper)
Allowable paper size
AB series: A4
Paper kind
PPC paper
LT series: LT
(OHP films, gum labels, and special paper cannot be
used.)
Paper weight
64 to 209 g/m²
17 lbs-bond to 110 lbs-index
Transport reference
Center reference
Curl level
5 mm or less
1.1.3. Image, image specifications
A. Image quality
Image density
1.0 or above
Original density: 1.0
Background copy
3.0% or less
Difference in reflection ratio with
non-transferred paper
Resolution
Normal ratio 100%: Vertical 4.0 mm or above/
Horizontal 3.6 mm or above
Enlargement 200%: Vertical 4.5mm or above/
Horizontal 4.0 mm or above
Reduction 50%: Vertical 2.0 mm or above/
Horizontal 1.7mm or above
Gradation
Standard: 5 steps or more
Text: 4 steps or more
Evaluated in the gradation
evaluation step. Measured with
Photo: 6 steps or more
the background as 1 step.
Distortion
±1.0%
Magnification ratio error
Normal ratio: ±1.0%
Lead edge position shift
Machine 0±2 mm
System 0±4.0 mm
Machine: Fixed document,
single-side, normal ratio
Horizontal shift
Machine 0±3.0 mm
System 0±4.0 mm
Machine: Fixed document,
single-side, normal ratio, sort
Slant
Machine 1.0 mm or less
Machine: Fixed document,
System 3.0 mm or less/200 mm
single-side, normal ratio
Enlargement 200% / Reduction 50%: ±1.5%
mode
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 12
1.2. Accessories
Operation manual
Drum
Drum cover
Operation Manual pocket
Spacer for original tray
Rear edge guide for tab paper
Maintenance management table (CCASZ0067FC02)
Delivery and installation report (TCADZ1510FCZZ) (Australia)
MSDS card (TCADZ) (North America, Europe)
Warranty paper for Australia (TGANE1001QCZB) (Australia)
cover-screws, 3 pcs.
1.3. Options
ITEM
MODEL
Large capacity paper feed tray
AR-LC4
Finisher
AR-F11
Punch unit
NOTE
AR-F12
Saddle stitch finisher
AR-PN3A
2 holes (φ6.5)
AR-PN3B
2 holes/3 holes automatic selection(φ8.0)
AR-PN3C
4 holes (φ6.5) (80mm pitch)
AR-PN3D
4 holes (φ6.5) (70, 21mm pitch)
Inserter
AR-CF1
Printer kit
AR-P15
AR-PK2
AR-PK3
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 13
Europe
North America
France
Sweden
1.4. Supplies
SEC/SECL/(LAG)
No.
Item
1
Toner CA (Black)
2
Developer
3
Drum
Life
Model Name
240k
(60K x 4)
460K (AR-651)
500K (AR-810)
460K (AR-651)
500K (AR-810)
AR-810MT
Packing
Unit
1
AR-810ND
4
AR-810DR
10
Content
Toner
(Toner; Net Weight 1350g)
Developer
(Developer; Net Weight 1500g)
Drum
x4
x1
x1
Remarks
* Life: A4 size at 6% AC
MT=NT x 4
Note 1) Master/individual cartons are printed in 2 languages (English/French).
Packaged for the machine: DR 460K/DV UN/Process UN
European Subsidiary
No.
Item
1
Toner CA (Black)
2
Developer
3
Drum
Life
Model Name
240k
(60K x 4)
460K (AR-651)
500K (AR-810)
460K (AR-651)
500K (AR-810)
AR-810LT
Packing
Unit
1
AR-810DV
4
AR-810DM
10
Content
Toner
(Toner; Net Weight 1350g)
Developer
(Developer; Net Weight 1500g)
Drum
x4
x1
x1
Remarks
* Life: A4 size at 6% AC
MT=NT x 4
Note 1) Master/individual cartons are printed in 4 languages (English/French/Spanish/Germany).
Packaged for the machine: DR 460K/DV UN/Process UN
No.
1
Item
Maintenance Kit 1
2
Maintenance Kit 2
3
Fusing Kit
4
5
6
7
8
DF Kit
Roller Kit
Waste toner bottle
Stapler for Finisher
5000 staples
Stapler for Saddle
Stitch 2000 staples
Content
Drum cleaning blade
Drum separation claw
Drum cleaning roller
Charger wire (Main)
Charger wire cleaning pad
Charger grid
Transfer belt
Transfer belt brush roller
Transfer belt cleaning blade
Ozone filter
Air filter (toner filter)
Heat roller upper
Hear roller lower
Upper separation claw
Cleaning web
Web press roller
Heat roller cleaning roller (Upper)
Heat roller cleaning roller (Lower)
Pick-up roller (ADF)
Feed roller (ADF)
Separation Roller (ADF)
Pick-up roller (Main)
Feed roller (Main)
Separation roller (Main)
Waste toner bottle
Staple cartridge
x1
x2
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x6
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x1
x4
x3
Staple cartridge
x3
Life
Model
Name
Packing
Unit
Remarks
460K
500K
AR-810KA
1
common between AR651 and AR810
460K
500K
AR-810LC
1
common between AR651 and AR810
460K
500K
AR-810FU
1
common between AR651 and AR810
500K
AR-810DF
1
common between AR651 and AR810
200K
350K
AR-810RT
1
AR-810HB
1
5000 x 3
SF-SC11
20
2000 x 3
AR-SC3
40
common between AR651 and AR810
200K: Tray
350K: Tandem LCC
common between AR651 and AR810
Cartridge for AR-F11/12
Common with S55,S55N,FN8/9
For AR-F12 (Saddle Stitch Finisher)
Common with FN9
Note 1: NO.1 to 3 item --- AR651 (460K), AR810 (500K)
Note 2: Maintenance parts other than above items must be ordered through the parts department using the proper part number.
Note 3: No.1 to 6 items are UNCOMPATIBLE with existing machine
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 14
1.5. System List
Finisher
AR-F11
Staple cartridge
AR-SC3
Hole punch unit
AR-PN3
Staple cartridge
SF-SC11
Inserter
AR-CF1
Finisher
AR-F12
Printer controller
AR-PK2
AR-PK3
AR-651/810 SPECIFICATIONS 1 - 15
Printer board
AR-P15
LCF
AR-LC4
2. COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS
2. 1. Sectional View
[A] Front side view
16
5 4
15
7
6
1 2 3
13
14
12
10
11
8
9
23A
23
32
33
22
40
34
35
41
24
20
17
21
36
25
52
18
43
54
55
19
53
44
37
29
26
27
30
31 28
56
51
38
57
42
39
45
58
47
46
48
49
50
60
59
61
62
63
64
65
69
70
66
67
68
71
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 1
1
Exposure lamp
39
Cleaning roller (felt)
2
Reflector
40
Upper fuser roller thermistor
3
Mirror 1
41
Thermostat
4
Mirror 2
42
Pressure roller thermistor
5
Mirror 3
43
Engine exit rollers
6
Original glass
44
Reverse/exit switching gate
7
Lens
45
Reverse path rollers 1
8
CCD driving PC board
46
Reverse path rollers 2
9
Scanner control PC board SLG
10
Drum
47
Transfer rollers 1
11
Drum thermistor
48
Transfer rollers 2
12
Charger wire cleaner
49
Transfer rollers 3
13
Main charger
50
Transfer rollers 4
14
Discharge LED
51
Registration rollers
15
Drum cleaning blade
52
Bypass transfer rollers
16
Drum cleaning brush
53
Bypass separation roller
17
Drum recovery blade
54
Bypass feed roller
18
Image quality sensor
55
Bypass pickup roller
19
Drum separation finger
56
Intermeditate transfer rollers
20
Drum voltage sensor
57
1st cassette transfer rollers
21
Upper developer sleeve (Magnetic roller)
58
1st cassette feed roller
22
Lower developer sleeve (Magnetic roller)
59
1st cassette separation roller
23
Transport sleeve
60
1st cassette pickup roller
23A
Doctor blade
61
2nd cassette transfer rollers
24
Scattered toner recovery roller
62
2nd cassette feed roller
25
Auto-toner sensor
63
2nd cassette separation roller
26
Transfer belt driven roller (idler)
64
2nd cassette pickup roller
27
Transfer belt power supply roller
65
Tandem LCF transfer rollers
28
Transfer belt
66
Tandem LCF feed roller
29
Transfer belt drive roller
67
Tandem LCF separation roller
30
Transfer belt cleaning blade
68
Tandem LCF cassette pickup roller
31
Transfer belt cleaning brush
69
1st cassette
32
Fuser roller cleaning web
70
2nd cassette
33
Cleaning web pushing roller
71
Tandem LCF tray
34
Upper fuser roller
35
Separation fingers
36
Fuser exit rollers
37
Pressure roller
38
Cleaning roller (metal)
(Switch back rollers)
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 2
[B] Rear side view (Drive system)
4
3
2
1
6
5
14
18
9
7
8
15
10
19
16
11
12
13
17
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 3
1
Scanner motor
2
Drive pulley
3
Drive belt
4
Driven pulley
5
Drum motor
6
Developer unit motor
7
Registration motor
8
Fuser motor
9
Web motor
10
Exit motor
11
Reverse motor
12
LCF tray-up motor
13
LCF end fence motor
14
Cleaner brush motor
15
TX belt lift cam motor
16
Tray 1 & 2 paper lift motor
17
Paper feed motor
18
TX belt drive motor
19
Waste toner transport motor (TX belt)
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 4
2. 2. Electric Parts Layout
[A] Unit construction
Reversing automatic document feeder unit
Scanner unit
Laser unit
DV
unit
Process
unit
Fuser unit
Transfer/Transport unit
Copier unit
Tandem tray unit
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 5
[B] Scanner unit
(B-1) Motor/Exposure lamp
EXP
M31
M1
Rear side
(B-2) Sensor/Switch
S1-2
S1-1
S1-3
S1-5
S1-4
A4 series
S2
Rear side
S1-2
S1-3
S1-5
LT series
S1-4
S2
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 6
(B-3) PC board
CCD
INV
SLG
Rear side
(B-4) Other parts
DHR
DHL
THMO4
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 7
[C] Laser unit
GLV
LDR1
M2
LDR2
SNS
PLG
Rear side
[D] Transfer/Transport unit
THMO3
DHT
FUSE
S5
S4
S3
CLT3
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 8
CLT2
CLT1
[E] Fuser unit
M30
IH
M3
IHCOIL
S6
THM1
THMO2
S7
THM2
THMO1
THM5
THM3
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 9
[F] Copier unit
(F-1) Motor/Fan
M19
M18
M17
M25
M20
M24
M16
M15
M26
M21
M22
M27
M14
M28
M13
M23
M29
M12
M11
M10
M9
M8
M7
M4
M5
M6 M32
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 10
(F-2) Clutch/Solenoid
SOL2
SOL1
SOL3
CLT4
CLT5
CLT6
SOL5
CLT8
CLT7
CLT10
CLT9
CLT11
SOL4
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 11
(F-3) Sensor/Switch
S52
S14
S17 S16
S15
S19
S49
S50
S51
S21
S26
S27
S28
S29
S32
S33
S34
S35
S25
S38
S39
S40
S41
S18
S24
S20
S31
S30
S37
S36
S10
S23
S11
S22
S42
S13
S43
S44
S47 S45
S46
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 12
S12
(F-4) PC board
SYS
HDD
MOT
LGC
HVT
MOT2
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 13
(F-5) Other parts
THM4
S8
S9
S48
ERS
NF1
BRK1
PS
Rear side
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 14
[G] Reversing automatic document feeder
SSOL
DFOPSW
TRYS
SMOT
COPSW
LMOT
DFLG
TLMOT
TRVR
RMOT
FMOT
SOES
a
b
SSBS
REGS
APS
ITFS
c
LLMTS
ESSOL
SIZE2
SIZE1
SIZE3
COPS
ULMTS
EMPS
LNGS
READS
LOES
DFOPNS
LSOL
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 15
2. 3. Symbols and Functions of Various Components
(1) Motors
Symbol
Name
Function
Remarks
M1
SCAN-MOT
Scanner motor
Driving of the carriages
(B-1)
M2
M/DC-POL
Polygonal motor
Driving of the polygonal mirror
[C]
M3
WEB-MOT
Web motor
Cleaning web take-up
[E]
M4
FEED-MOT
Feed motor
Driving of the feeding section
(F-1)
M5
CST-TRY-MOT1
Cassette tray-up motor
Driving ups of the 1st and
2nd cassettes
(F-1)
M6
CST-TRY-MOT2
Cassette tray-up motor 2
Driving ups of the tandem LCF tray
(F-1)
M7
RGST-MOT
Registration motor
Driving of the registration roller
(F-1)
M8
DEV-MOT
Developer unit motor
Driving of the developer unit
(F-1)
M9
DRUM-MOT
Driving of the drum
(F-1)
Drum motor
M10
TRB-CAM-MOT
Transfer belt cam motor
Contact/Release of the transfer belt
(F-1)
M11
REV-MOT
Reverse motor
Driving of the reverse section
(F-1)
M12
USTNR-AUG-MOT
Used toner transport motor
Recovery of the toner scraped with
the transfer belt cleaning blade
(F-1)
M13
EXIT-MOT
Exit motor
Driving of the exit roller
(F-1)
M14
FUSER-MOT
Fuser motor
Driving of the fuser unit
(F-1)
M15
TRB-MOT
Transfer belt motor
Driving of the transfer belt
(F-1)
M16
FUR-MOT
Driving of the transfer belt cleaning
(F-1)
Cleaning brush drive motor
brush
CH-CLN-MOT
Driving of the charger wire cleaner
(F-1)
Toner supply
(F-1)
Driving of the recycle toner hopper
(F-1)
Transporting of the recycle toner
(F-1)
Cooling down of the copier inside
(F-1)
M17
Charger wire cleaner drive motor
M18
TNR-MOT
New toner supply motor
M19
TNR-RCY-HOP-MOT
Toner recycle hopper motor
M20
RCY-TNR-MOT
Recycle toner transport motor
M21
HTR-FAN-MOT
Heater fan motor
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 16
Symbol
M22
Name
ADU-FAN-MOT1
Function
Remarks
Cooling down the reverse section
(F-1)
Cooling down the reverse section
(F-1)
Cooling down of the exit section
(F-1)
Sucking of ozone
(F-1)
Cooling down of the laser unit
(F-1)
Cooling down of the copier inside
(F-1)
Cooling down of the copier inside
(F-1)
DEV-FAN-MOT
Sucking of the toner in the developer
(F-1)
Developer unit fan motor
unit
M30
IH-FAN-MOT
IH fan motor
Cooling down of the IH board
M31
SLG-FAN-MOT
Cooling down of the SLG board
(B-1)
Moving of the end fence
(F-1)
Reverse section fan motor 1
M23
ADU-FAN-MOT2
Reverse section fan motor 2
M24
EXIT-FAN-MOT
Exit fan motor
M25
DUCT-OUT-FAN-MOT
Duct out fan motor
M26
LSU-FAN-MOT
Laser unit fan motor
M27
DUCT-IN-FAN-MOT
Duct in fan motor
M28
SYS-FAN-MOT
System fan motor
M29
[E]
SLG fan motor
M32
END-F-MOT
End fence motor
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 17
(2) Sensors and switches
Symbol
S1-1 –
S1-5
Name
Function
Remarks
APS 1-5
Automatic original detection sensor
Original size detection
(B-2)
S2
HOME-SNR
Carriage home position sensor
Carriage home position detection
(B-2)
S3
TR-SNR 1
Transport sensor 1
Paper detection at the duplex
paper transport path
[D]
S4
TR-SNR 2
Transport sensor 2
Paper detection at the duplex
paper transport path
[D]
S5
TR-SNR 3
Paper detection at the duplex
[D]
Transport sensor 3
paper transport path
S6
WEB-SNR
Web detection sensor
Cleaning web take-up amount
detection
[E]
S7
FUS-EXIT-SNR
Fuser unit exit sensor
Paper detection at the fuser unit
[E]
S8
MAIN-SW
Main switch
ON/OFF of the copier AC power
supply
(F-5)
S9
DOOR-SW
Front door switch
Turning OFF of the AC power supply
when opening the front cover
(F-5)
S10
EXIT-SNR
Interlock switch
Paper detection at the exit section
(F-3)
Exit sensor
S11
RVS-SNR
Reverse sensor 1
Paper detection at the reverse section
(F-3)
S12
RVS-SNR
Reverse sensor 2
Paper detection at the reverse section
(F-3)
S13
EXIT-COV-SW
Exit cover switch
Left door cover open/close detection
at the exit cover
(F-3)
S14
DEV-SW
Developer unit switch
Detection of the developer unit
presence or absence
(F-3)
S15
TNR-SW
Toner cartridge switch
Toner cartridge detection
(F-3)
S16
DRUM-SUF-SNR
Drum surface potential sensor
Detection of the drum surface
potential
(F-3)
S17
ATTNR-SNR
Auto-toner sensor
Toner density detection
(F-3)
S18
TNLVL-SNR
Image quality sensor
Toner adhesion amount detection
(F-3)
S19
CH-HOME-SW
Wire cleaner home position switch
Detection of the wire cleaner home
position
(F-3)
S20
MID-TR-SNR
Intermediate transport sensor
Paper detection at the feeding section
(F-3)
S21
RGST-SNR
Registration sensor
Paper detection at the registration
section
(F-3)
S22
TR-BELT-SW 1
Transfer belt release switch
Transfer belt release position
detection
(F-3)
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 18
Symbol
Name
Function
Remarks
S23
TR-BELT-SW 2
Transfer belt contact switch
Transfer belt contact position
detection
(F-3)
S24
TNR-FULL-SNR
Waste toner bottle full detection sensor
Used toner full detection
(F-3)
S25
COV-R-SNR
Feed cover sensor
Right door feed cover open/close
detection
(F-3)
S26
CST1-TR-SNR
1st cassette transport sensor
1st cassette paper detection
(F-3)
S27
CST1-TRY-SNR
1st cassette tray position detection
(F-3)
1st cassette paper detection
(F-3)
CST1-EMP-SNR
Detection of 1st cassette paper
(F-3)
1st cassette empty sensor
presence or absence
S30
CST1-BTM-SNR
1st cassette bottom sensor
1st cassette position lower limit
detection
(F-3)
S31
CST1-SNR
Detection of 1st cassette presence or
(F-3)
1st cassette detection sensor
absence
S32
CST2-TR-SNR
2nd cassette paper detection
(F-3)
S33
CST2-TRY-SNR
2nd cassette tray position detection
(F-3)
2nd cassette paper detection
(F-3)
CST2-EMP-SNR
Detection of 2nd cassette paper
(F-3)
2nd cassette empty sensor
presence or absence
1st cassette tray-up sensor
S28
CST1-FED-SNR
1st cassette feed sensor
S29
2nd cassette transport sensor
2nd cassette tray-up sensor
S34
CST2-FED-SNR
2nd cassette feed sensor
S35
S36
S37
S38
S39
CST2-BTM-SNR
2nd cassette position lower limit
2nd cassette bottom sensor
detection
CST2-SNR
Detection of 2nd cassette presence
(F-3)
(F-3)
2nd cassette detection sensor
or absence
LCF-TR-SNR
Paper detection at the tandem LCF
Tandem LCF transport sensor
feeder section
LCF-TRY-SNR
Tandem LCF tray position detection
(F-3)
LCF-FED-SNR
Paper detection at the tandem LCF
(F-3)
Tandem LCF feed sensor
feeder section
LCF-EMP-SNR
Detection of paper presence or
Tandem LCF empty sensor
absence at tandem LCF
LCF-SNR
Detection of the tandem LCF tray
Tandem LCF detection sensor
presence or absence
LCF-BTM-SNR
Tray home position detection
(F-3)
END-F-STP-SNR
Tandem LCF end fence stop position
(F-3)
End fence stop position sensor
detection
(F-3)
Tandem LCF tray-up sensor
S40
S41
S42
S43
(F-3)
(F-3)
Tandem LCF bottom sensor
S44
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 19
Symbol
S45
S46
S47
S48
S49
S50
Name
Function
EMP-SNR-SS
Tandem LCF paper position
Standby side empty sensor
detection at the standby side
END-F-HP-SNR
Tandem LCF end fence home
End fence home position sensor
position detection
Remarks
(F-3)
(F-3)
PR-MST-SS
Tandem LCF detection of paper
Standby side paper mis-stacking sensor
stacking error at the standby side
(F-3)
HTR-SW
Detection of the fuser unit presence
Fuser unit switch
or absence
SFB-COV-SNR
Open/close detection of the bypass
Bypass feed unit cover sensor
feed unit cover
SFB-FED-SNR
Paper detection at the bypass feeding
(F-3)
SFB-SIZE-SNR
Paper size detection at the bypass
(F-3)
Bypass paper size detection sensor
feed width detection
(F-5)
(F-3)
Bypass sensor
S51
S52
TEMP/HUMI-SNR
Detection of the temperature and
Temperature/humidity sensor
humidity of the copier inside
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 20
(F-3)
(3) Electromagnetic spring clutches
Symbol
Name
Function
Remarks
CLT1
TR-DRV-CLT
Duplex paper transport driving clutch
Driving of the reversed paper
transport section
[D]
CLT2
REV-TR1-CLT
Duplex paper transport clutch 1
Reversed paper transporting
[D]
CLT3
REV-TR2-CLT
Duplex paper transport clutch 2
Reversed paper transporting
[D]
CLT4
MDL-TR-CLT
Intermediate transport clutch
Paper transporting
(F-2)
CLT5
SFB-FEED-CLT
Bypass feed clutch
Driving of the bypass pickup roller
(F-2)
CLT6
CST1-TR-CLT
1st cassette transport clutch
1st cassette paper transporting
(F-2)
CLT7
CST1-FED-CLT
1st cassette feed clutch
Driving of 1st cassette pickup roller
(F-2)
CLT8
CST2-TR-CLT
2nd cassette paper transporting
(F-2)
Driving of 2nd cassette pickup roller
(F-2)
Tandem LCF paper transporting
(F-2)
LCF-FED-CLT
Driving of the tandem LCF pickup
(F-2)
Tandem LCF feed clutch
roller
2nd cassette transport clutch
CLT9
CST2-FED-CLT
CLT10
LCF-TR-CLT
2nd cassette feed clutch
Tandem LCF transport clutch
CLT11
(4) PC boards
Symbol
Name
Function
Remarks
SLG
PWA-F-SLG
Control of the scanning section and
Scanning section control PC board (SLG board) image processing
(B-3)
CCD
PWA-F-CCD
CCD driving PC board (CCD board)
Preprocessing control of the CCD
image data
(B-3)
SYS
PWA-F-SYS
System PC board (SYS board)
Control of the whole copier
Data processing
(F-4)
LGC
PWA-F-LGC
Logic PC board (LGC board)
Control of the whole copier
(F-4)
LDR1
PWA-F-LDR1
Laser driving PC board 1 (LDR board 1)
Driving of the laser diode #1
[C]
LDR2
PWA-F-LDR2
Laser driving PC board 2 (LDR board 2)
Driving of the laser diode #2
[C]
SNS
PWA-F-SNS
H-Sync detection PC board
Detection of the laser beam position
[C]
PS-IH
Control of the fuser unit IH coil
[E]
PWA-F-FUS
Cutting of the electric current to the
[D]
Fuse PC board
damp heater
IH
IH control board
FUSE
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 21
Symbol
MOT
MOT2
Name
Function
PWA-F-MOT
Driving of the drum motor and
Motor driving PC board
transfer belt motor
PWA-F-MOT2
Driving of the reverse motor
Remarks
(F-4)
(F-4)
Motor driving PC board 2
PLG
PWA-F-PLG
Control of the printing section and
Laser control PC board (PLG board)
image processing
[C]
(5) Heaters and lamps
Symbol
Name
Function
Remarks
EXP
LP-EXPO
Exposure lamp
Exposing of original to the light
(B-1)
DHR
DNP-HTR-R
Scanner damp heater (R)
Preventing of the condensation in the
scanning section (for mirrors)
(B-4)
DHL
DNP-HTR-L
Scanner damp heater (L)
Preventing of the condensation in the
scanning section (for lens)
(B-4)
DHT
D-HTR
Transfer belt unit damp heater
Keeping of the drum warm
[D]
IH-COIL
IH coil
Heating up of the fuser roller
[E]
IHCOIL
(6) Solenoid
Symbol
Name
Function
Remarks
SOL1
SFB-SOL
Bypass pickup solenoid
Driving of the bypass pickup roller
(F-2)
SOL2
GATE-SOL
Gate solenoid
Switching of the gate at the reverse
section
(F-2)
SOL3
SEP-FING-SOL
Drum separation finger solenoid
Driving of the drum separation finger
(F-2)
SOL4
END-F-SOL
Moving of the lever to detect the
(F-2)
End fence solenoid
paper mis-stacking at the standby
side tray
SOL5
LCF-PICK-SOL
Driving of the Tandem LCF pickup
Tandem LCF pickup solenoid
roller
(F-2)
(7) Transformer
Symbol
HVT
Name
PS-HVT
High-voltage transformer
Function
Generating of the voltages for the
followings:
•
•
•
•
main charger wire
main charger grid
developer bias
drum cleaning brush
• transfer belt
• transfer belt cleaning brush
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 22
Remarks
(F-4)
(8) Others
Symbol
Name
Function
Remarks
INV
INV-EXP
Lamp inverter
Control of the exposure lamp
(B-3)
HDD
HDD
Hard disk
Storing of the image data
(F-4)
GLV
MIR-GLV
Galvanometer mirror
Control of the laser vertical position
PS
PS-ACC
Switching power supply
DC power supply
THMO1
THERMO-C-HTR
Center thermostat
Preventing of the fuser unit
over-heating
[E]
THMO2
THERMO-S-HTR
Side thermostat
Preventing of the fuser unit
over-heating
[E]
THMO3
THERMO-DAMP-HTR
Dump heater thermostat
Preventing of the dump heater
over-heating
[D]
THMO4
THERMO-EXP
Expousre lamp thermostat
Preventing of the dump heater
over-heating in scanner section
THM1
THMS-S-HTR
Fuser roller side thermistor (front)
Detection of the surface temperature
at the hot roller edges/Abnormal
detection
[E]
THM2
THMS-HTR
Fuser roller center thermistor
Detection of the surface temperature
at the hot roller center
[E]
THM3
THMS-S-HTR
Fuser roller side thermistor (rear)
Detection of the surface temperature
at the hot roller edges
[E]
THM4
THMS-DRM
Detection of the drum surface
[C]
(F-5)
(B-4)
(F-5)
Drum thermistor
THM5
NF1
THMS-L-HTR
Detection of the surface temperature
Pressure roller thermistor
of the pressure roller
[E]
NOIZ-FILTER1
Electrical noize reduction
(F-5)
Safety switch
(F-5)
CD-ERS
Removing of the residual charge
(F-5)
Discharge lamp
from the drum surface
Noise filter 1
BRK1
BREAKER1
Breaker 1
ERS
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 23
2. 4. Symbols and Functions of RADF Various Components
(1) Motors
Symbol
RMOT
Name
RMOT
Function
·Driving of the transport roller
Remarks
Stepping motor
Read motor
SMOT
SMOT
·Driving of the small original exit roller Stepping motor
Small original exit motor
TLMOT
UDMOT
and small original reverse roller
·Driving of the tray lift motor
Stepping motor
Tray lift motor
FMOT
LMOT
FMOT
·Driving of the feed roller, pickup roller Stepping motor
Feed motor
and registration roller
LMOT
·Driving of the large original exit roller Stepping motor
Large original exit motor
and large original reverse roller
(2) Solenoids
Symbol
ESSOL
LSOL
Name
Function
ESSOL
·Disengagement of the large original
Disengagement solenoid
exit roller
LSOL
·Switching of the large original exit
Remarks
DC solenoid
DC solenoid
Large original exit solenoid flapper
SSOL
SSOL
·Switching of the small original exit
DC solenoid
Small original exit solenoid flapper and reverse flapper
(3) PC boards
Symbol
DFLG
Name
PWA-F-ADF
Function
·Control of the ADF
ADF PC control board
(ADF board)
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 24
Remarks
(4) Switches and sensors
Symbol
COPSW
Name
COV-OPN-SW
Function
Interrupts power to the DF motors
Remarks
Micro switch
Cover open/close switch when the top cover is open
DFOPSW
DF-OPN-SW
Interrupts power to the DF motors
RADF open/close switch
when the DF unit is up
DFOPNS
DF-OPN-SNS
RADF open/close sensor
Detecting if RADF is opened/closed
APS
AUTO-PS-SNS
APS operation sensor
Detecting the angle opened and
Semiconductive
switching ON/OFF of the APS sensor photosensor
COPS
COV-OPN-SNS
Cover open/close sensor
Detecting if the jam access cover is
opened/closed
EMPS
EMP-SNS
Detecting the presence or absence of Semiconductive
Empty sensor
original during feeding
ULMTS
UP-LMT-SNS
Upper limit sensor
Detecting the upper limit of the lifting tray Semiconductive
photosensor
SIZES1
SIZE-SNS1
Original width sensor 1
Detecting the original width
Semiconductive
photosensor
SIZES2
SIZE-SNS2
Original width sensor 2
Detecting the original width
Semiconductive
photosensor
SIZES3
SIZE-SNS3
Original width sensor 3
Detecting the original width
Semiconductive
photosensor
REGS
REG-SNS
Registration sensor
Detecting original at the registering
section
Semiconductive
photosensor
TRYS
TRY-SNS
Tray sensor
Detecting the original length on the tray Semiconductive
photosensor
LLMTS
LO-LMT-SNS
Lower limit sensor
Detecting the lower limit of the lifting tray Semiconductive
photosensor
ITFS
INT-F-SNS
Intermediate transport
Detecting original on the small original Semiconductive
transport path
photosensor
SOES
sensor
SO-EX-SNS
Detecting original at the small original Semiconductive
READS
Small original exit sensor exit
READ-SNS
Detecting original at the scanning
photosensor
Semiconductive
LNGS
Read sensor
LENG-SNS
section
Detecting the original length
photosensor
Semiconductive
SSBS
Original length sensor
SO-SB-SNS
photosensor
Detecting original at the small original Semiconductive
Small original reverse
sensor
reverse section
TRY-VR
Detecting the original width on the tray Rotary volume
TRVR
Micro switch
Semiconductive
photosensor
Semiconductive
photosensor
photosensor
photosensor
Tray width sensor
LOES
LO-EX-SNS
Detecting original at the large original Semiconductive
Large original exit sensor exit
photosensor
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 25
HDD
16
LCD
0
8
4
ASIC
32
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
CLR
COPY
ASY-COMPANE
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 26
LCF
IPC
TANDEM LCF
PWA-F-SYS-340
SDRAM
NVRAM
RTC
IDE-I/F
or
PFC
8
Serial-I/F
8
ASIC
32
32
PCI-Bus
Serial-I/F
Flash
ROM
SRAM
Image Data
Image Data
32
32
8
Flash
ROM
Gate
Array
8
32
32
16
32
M-CPU
SRAM
SDRAM
32
32
16
Flash
ROM
Download
JIG
Serial-I/F
NVRAM
Flash
ROM
SRAM
PWA-F-LGC-340
32
CPU
PWA-F-SCN-340
Printer
Controller
ADR/DAT-Bus
LocalBus
ADR/DAT-Bus
D/A
L-CPU
ASIC
Image Data
Serial-I/F
SRAM
Flash
ROM
ADR/DAT-Bus
PWA-F-SLG-340
ADR/DAT-Bus
Galvano
DRV
D/A
Image Data
Flash
ROM
SRAM
Image Data
PWA-F-PLG-340
ASIC
S-CPU
Serial-I/F
ADF
A/D
LD
Galvanic
Mirror
Laser
Beam
Sensor
LD
PWA-F-LDR-340
ASIC
ASIC
Laser Unit
PWA-F-LDR-340
PWA-F-SNS-340
D/A
A/D
Amp
PWA-F-CCD2-340
ASIC
ASIC
Amp
CCD
2. 5. System Block Layout
Printer Board
Finisher
2. 6. Disassembly and Replacement of
Covers and PC boards
2. 6. 1. Covers
[A] Front cover/Front side right inner cover
(1) Open the front cover.
(2) Pull out 2 L-shaped pins and take off the front
cover.
L-shaped
pin
Front cover
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off the front side
Front side right inner cover
right inner cover.
[B] Feed side rear cover/Feed side top cover/
Feed side center cover
Feed side
top cover
Feed side
rear cover
(1) Remove 1 screw and take off the feed side
rear cover.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the feed side
top cover.
(3) Open the bypass unit tray and remove 2
screws. Then remove 6 screws and take off
the feed side center cover.
Feed side
center cover
[C] Exit side top cover/Exit side rear cover/
Exit side bottom cover
(1) Remove 2 screws and take off the exit side
Exit side
rear cover
Exit side
top cover
top cover.
(2) Remove 1 screw and take off the exit side
rear cover.
(3) Remove 6 screws and take off the exit side
bottom cover.
Exit side
bottom cover
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 27
[D] Rear cover
(1) Loosen 1 screw (shown by a white arrow),
remove 6 screws, release 2 hooks and take
off the rear cover.
Hook
[E] Right top cover
Right top cover
(1) Remove 1 screw and take off the right top
cover.
[F] Left top cover
Left top cover
(1) Remove 1 screw and take off the left top
cover.
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 28
2. 6. 2. PC boards
[A] System control board (SYS board)/Hard disk/
Rear feed side
inner cover
Rear exit side
inner cover
Logic board (LGC board)
(1) Remove the rear cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector.
(3) Remove 2 screws (shown by 2 white arrows),
loosen 14 screws and take off the rear feed
side inner cover (plate cover).
(4) Remove 1 screw (shown by a white arrow),
loosen 8 screws and take off the rear exit
side inner cover (plate cover).
SYS board
Hard disk bracket
(5) Disconnect 7 connectors, remove 6 screws
and take off the SYS board.
(6) Disconnect 2 connectors, remove 4 screws
and take off the hard disk with the bracket.
(7) Remove 4 screws and release the hard disk
from the bracket.
(8) Disconnect 19 connectors, remove 6 screws
LGC board
and take off the LGC board.
[B] High-voltage transformer
SYS board
(1) Disconnect 7 connectors to the SYS board
and hard disk.
(2) Remove 9 screws and take off the bracket
with the LGC board and hard disk.
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 29
Hard disk
(3) Disconnect 19 connectors to the LGC board.
(4) Remove 6 screws and take off the bracket
LGC board
with the LGC board.
(5) Disconnect 6 connectors, remove 1 screw,
High-voltage transformer
release 3 lock supports and take off the high
voltage transformer.
Lock support
[C] Power supply unit
(1) Remove the SYS board, hard disk and LGC
board with the bracket.
(2) Remove 4 screws and take off the bracket of
the power supply unit.
(3) Disconnect 1 link connector.
(4) Remove 9 connectors and pull out the power
supply unit.
Note: Be careful not for the power supply unit to be
caught by harnesses.
Link connector (3)
AR-651/810 COMPONENT LAYOUT & FUNCTIONS 2 - 30
3. COPY PROCESS
3. 1. General Description
Image processing
Original exposure
Xenon lamp
29W
2
Scanning
CCD
600dpi, 7500pixel
3
Writing
4
Semiconductor laser
Pw=3.8nJ/mm2
1
10
Charging
-733V (grid voltage)
– –
–
5
–
Blade cleaning
–
–
–
–
–
–
8
Fur brush cleaning
–
–
+
+
+
+
–
+
+
+
+
Development
Magnetic roller
Bias -500VDC+AC
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– –
7
Discharging
Carrier
Discharging
LED array (wavelength 660nm x 16)
9
Toner
++++
Fusing
Bypass feeding
Transfer/Separation
80µA
Fuser roller
700~1450W
Cassette feeding
6
LCF feeding
Cleaning brush + Blade
5µA
(1) Charging: Negatively charges the surface of the
OPC drum.
(6) Transfer: Transfers the visible image on the
OPC drum onto the paper.
훹
(2) Original exposure: Converts images into optical
Separation: Separates the paper from the drum
together with the toner.
훹
(7) Fusing: Fuses the toner on the paper by applying
signals.
훹
(3) Scanning: Converts image optical signals into
electrical signals.
heat and pressure.
훹
훹
(4) Writing: Converts image electrical signals into
(8) Fur brush cleaning: Cleans dirt and paper dust
on the drum.
optical signals (laser emission) and exposes
them to the surface of the OPC drum.
훹
(9) Blade cleaning: Forcibly removes the residual
훹
(5) Development: Makes the negatively-charged
toner adhere to the photoconductive drum and
forms a visible image.
toner on the drum.
훹
(10) Discharging: Discharges any remaining
negative charge on the drum.
훹
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 1
Laser
beam
Surface Charge
Prsipatron
OPC
Resulting Hall
OPC Current Gen.
AL core
3. 2. Details of Copy Process
(1) OPC drum
The OPC drum has two layers, an outer and an inner
layer. The outer layer is a photovoltaic layer made of
OPC layer
Aluminum conductive base
an organic photovoltaic carrier (OPC). The inner layer
is an aluminum conductive base in a cylindrical form.
The photovoltaic carrier has the characteristic that
Structure of the OPC drum
produces an electrical current depending on the
strength of the light exposed.
Example:
Time (t)
· Strong light 촞
0
· Weak light 촞
A relatively small current is produced
[Formation of electrostatic latent image]
In the processes of charging, scanning, printing and
discharging described below, negative potential on
Surface potential (V)
A relatively large current is produced
Discharging Charging
process process
the areas of the drum corresponding to black areas
of the original is eliminated, while the areas of the
drum corresponding to white areas remains the
Black area of original
– 500
White area of original
– 1000
negative charge.
As this image on the drum formed by the negative
Electric potential on the OPC drum
potential is invisible, it is called an “electrostatic latent image.”
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 2
(2) Charging
Main charger
Charging is a process of applying a charge uniformly
to the photoconductive drum surface.
The charger wire produces a negative corona discharge, which is controlled by the grid so that the
Rotation of drum
drum surface is uniformly charged with negative potential.
The surface potential on the drum is determined by
the grid potential and controlled to a specifed value
by the grid control circuit as determined by the proc-
Discharge
ess controll system.
transformer
Grid control circuit
(3) Scanning
Scanning is a process of exposing the original to
the light and converting the reflection into electrical
signals.
CCD
The light reflected from the original is imported to
the charge coupled device (CCD) and this optical
Image processing
image information is converted into electrical sig-
section
nals (image signals), which are then sent to the
image processing section.
(Example)
CCD light
receiving
amount
Light
쩪
Value of
image signals
to be output
255
Difference between
"light " and "dark" is
divided into 256
steps.
쩪
Dark
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 3
0
(4) Writing
Writing is a process of converting the image signals
Image
processing
section
sent from the image processing section into optical
signals and exposing the drum surface to the light.
Laser Drive
board
Semiconductor laser elements convert image signals sent from the image processing section into
optical signals (laser emission) and exposes the
Polygonal mirror
drum surface to the light to form an electrostatic
Semiconduc-
latent image on it.
tor laser
Photoconductive
element
drum
(5) Development
Development is a process of making the electrostatic latent images visible to the eye (visible images).
Drum
Magnetic roller
Developer material is supplied to the photoconductive drum surface by magnetic roller. The toner in
the developer material adheres to the areas on the
drum surface where the potential is lower than the
developer bias which is applied to the magnetic roller
(reverse development method).
Magnet
Magnetic roller
Toner
Carrier (always attracted
onto the magnet)
White background
Half tone
Solid
Toner
The (–) potential
of the drum being
higher than the
developer bias
Bias voltage
–500 VDC
The (–) potential
of the drum being
lower than the
developer bias
Toner
– 700V
White background
Image not developed
– 600V
– 500V
– 400V
Image is developed by
toner
– 300V
– 200V
– 100V
OPC
drum
0
OPC layer
Aluminum conductive
base
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 4
Toner amount
applied to the
OPC drum’s
surface
Bias
potential
• Developer material
Carbon
(5~10%)
The developer material is a mixture of toner and
carrier. The toner is charged to negative polarity and
the carrier to positive polarity, due to the friction with
Ferrite
5~20µm
each other caused by mixing.
Toner : Mainly consists of resin and carbon.
Carrier : Consists of ferrite and resin coating on its
Resin (90~95%)
[Toner]
surface to provide consistent frictional elec-
30~100µm
trification. (Charge controll)
[Carrier]
Toner
Note:
Carrier
If the developer material is used for a long time (beyond its normal life span),
the toner is caked onto the carrier.
훹
The carrier’s (charging) performance is lowered.
Symptom: 1. Image density is decreased.
2. Toner scattering occurs.
3. Background fogging occurs.
Solution:
Replace with new developer material.
No frictional electrification
on the area where the toner
is caked on
• Magnetic roller
Lines of
magnetic force
- Magnetic brush development The south and north poles are arranged inside the
magnetic rollers, as shown in the right figure. This
fluff which contacts the photoconductive drum sur-
S
causes the developer material to form a brush-like
OPC drum
S
face.
N
훹
This is caused by the lines of magnetic force beMagnetic roller
tween the south and north poles.
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 5
Additional Explanation
The life of the toner cartridge (number of copies) varies depending on the following conditions.
1. Coverage of originals (printing image ratio of the original size) and density of original background
2. Size and density of originals
3. The existence of solid black when making copies (when a book is copied and the original cover is
partially open)
4. Temperature and humidity in the room when making copies
5. Copy density and image quality mode
As indicated in the figure below, the life of the toner cartridge varies depending on the copy mode and
coverage of originals
Type of originals
74,000
70,000
60,000
A.
50,000
40,000
30,000
38,000
30,000
46,000
40,000
20,000
20,000
30,000
A
20,000
27,000
A
20,000
B.
15,000
A
B
C
C.
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 6
(6) Transfer/Separation
Drum
Transfer:
Transfer is a process of transferring the toner image
(visible image) formed on the drum surface onto the
paper.
An electric charge applied by the high voltage power
Transfer
belt
supply flows to the transfer belt from the power
supply roller. Then it flows to the paper and OPC
drum. The toner, which has been developed on the
Paper
drum's surface, is transferred to the paper by electrostatic attraction.
Separation:
base
ctive
u
d
n
co
inum
Alum
yer
C la
OP
The paper is held to the belt and separated from the
drum by the electrostatic attraction acting between
the belt (plus charge) and the polarization charge
(minus charge) on the bottom surface of the paper.
Toner
Dr
E
Paper
Transfer belt
Power supply roller
Reference
• Combined use of transfer belt and
Separation finger
separation finger
To prevent the copy paper from failing to
Rotation of drum
be separated during the operation, due to
incomplete transfer belt charging or
absorption of moisture, and thus jamming
Paper movement
up the cleaner, a separation finger
mechanically separates any copy paper
which fails to be separated.
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 7
Transfer belt
um
(7) Fusing
Fusing is a process of melting and fixing the toner
Fuser roller
on the paper.
Method : The melting point of the toner (main
Paper
ingredient: resin) is 100~110°C.
훹
(Heat)
The toner is melted by the heat of the
surface of the fuser roller.
+
Pressure
(Pressure) The pressure roller is pressed against
the fuser roller by the springs to increase
adherence of the melted toner to the
paper.
IH coil
Fuser roller
Separation finger
훹
Paper movement
Heat and pressure are applied to the
Heat
paper when it passes between the fuser
roller and pressure roller.
||
(Fusing)
Pressure
The toner is fixed on the paper.
Pressure roller
(8) Cleaning
Cleaning is a process of recovering any residual toner
on the photoconductive drum.
Cleaning blade
1. The cleaning brush scrapes off any toner
and paper wastes. The flicker scrapes off any
toner on the brush.
Also, too prevent the cleaning blade from
Drum rotation
scratching the surface of the drum to make a
circumferential streak, the varistor is attached
between the brush and earth.
Cleaning brush
Flicker
2. Cleaning blade scrapes off any residual toner
from the drum.
3. The recovery blade picks up any falling toner.
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 8
Recovery blade
(9) Discharging
Discharging is a process of eliminating any (–)
charge remaining on the OPC drum before the next
Dischage LED array
charging process begins.
If discharging does not occur, the following
phenomenon could occur:
Drum
The (–) charge remains on the photoconductive
drum.
훹
Uneven charge is applied to the drum during the
next copy.
훹
The next copy has a double image. (Preceding image
appears.)
Solution :
Expose the entire surface of the OPC drum to the
light by the discharge LED array.
훹
The OPC drum becomes electrically discharged.
훹
All the (–) charges remaining on the OPC drum are
conducted to the ground.
훹
The preparation for the next copy is completed.
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 9
3. 3. Comparison of Copy Process to AR-650/800
Process
1. Photoconductive drum
AR-650/800
OD-6570 (OPC drum)
AR-651/810
OD-6510 (OPC drum)
(1) Sensitivity
Highly sensitized drum
Same as AR-650/800
(2) Surface potential
–650 V (grid voltage –720V)
–700 V (grid voltage –733V)
2. Charging
Scorotron method (constant current) Same as AR-650/800
Grid output variable
Same as AR-650/800
None
Surface potential sensor
(1) Light source
Semiconductor laser (adjustment
not required)
Same as AR-650/800
(2) Light amount
5. Image density control
4.0 nJ/mm2
Image quality sensor
3.8nJ/mm2
Same as AR-650/800
6. Development
(1) Magnetic roller
Two magnetic rollers
Same as AR-650/800
(2) Auto-toner
Magnetic bridge-circuit method
Same as AR-650/800
(3) Toner supply
Toner hopper system
Toner cartridge system
(4) Toner-empty detection
Density detection method/lever joint
Density detection system
3. Surface potential controlling
4. Writing
(There is a toner recycle system.)
use
(5) Toner
T-6570/6570E
T-6510/6510E/6510D
(6) Developer material
D-6570J
D-6510
(7) Developer bias
DC-400V + AC
DC-500V + AC
Transfer belt
Transfer belt
7. Transfer
(1) Transfer
(Electrical resistance is lower than
AR-650/800.)
(2) Power supply roller
Separation auxiliary roller
8. Separation
Power supply roller
Power supply roller
Separation auxiliary roller
Transfer belt charging
Same as AR-650/800
Separation finger applied
Same as AR-650/800
9. Discharging
(1) Discharging position
Discharge by exposure after cleaning Same as AR-650/800
(2) Discharge lamp
Discharge by red LED
Same as AR-650/800
(3) Pre-cleaning discharge
None
Same as AR-650/800
(1) System
Blade + Brush
Same as AR-650/800
(2) Recovered toner
Not acceptable
Reuse (by the toner recycle system)
11. Cleaning brush bias
Earth
Varistor 430V
10. Cleaning
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 10
Process
AR-650/800
AR-651/810
12. Fusing
(1) System
Long-life heat roller system
Same as AR-650/800
· Fuser roller:
· Fuser roller:
Fluoroplastic-coated roller (ø60)
· Pressure roller:
Fluoroplastic-coated roller (ø60)
· Pressure roller:
PFA tube roller (ø60)
(2) Cleaning
· Fuser roller cleaning roller (ø33)
PFA tube roller (ø60)
· Cleaning web (for fuser roller cleaning)
· Cleaning felt roller (ø27)
· Pressure roller cleaning felt roller (ø28) · Pressure roller cleaning felt roller
(3) Heater
· Cleaning metal roller
· Pressure roller cleaning metal roller
Halogen lamp (Lamp system)
IH coil (Induction heating system)
(Lamp rating: 800W + 300W)
ON/OFF control by thermistor
AR-651/810 COPY PROCESS 3 - 11
Same as AR-650/800
4. GENERAL OPERATIONS
4. 1. Overview of Operation
Copier operation
Operation during warming-up, pre-running and standby
Automatic feed copying by pressing [START] key
Copying operation
Bypass copying
Interrupt copying
4. 2. Operation
4. 2. 1. Warming-up
(1) Initialization
• Power turned ON
• IH coil turned ON
• Set number “1” and “WAIT WARMING UP” displayed
• Fan motors turned ON
• Scanning section initialization
~ Carriage moving to home position and stopping there
~ Carriage moving to peak detection position
~ Exposure lamp turned ON ~ Peak detection (White color is detected by the shading correction plate.)
~ Exposure lamp turned OFF
~ Carriage moving to home position
• Feed unit initialization
~ Each cassette tray going up
• Writing section initialization
~ Polygonal motor rotating
~ Beam position controlled
• Other
~ Main charger cleaner operating
(2) Pre-running operation
Pre-running operation is started when the temperature of the fuser roller reaches a certain temperature.
(Pre-running is not carried out when the fuser roller has been already hot enough.)
• Fuser roller rotating
• Drum rotating
~ Drum motor, used toner transport motor turned ON
• Image quality control
~ Patch formed on drum and its reflective ratio read out to set an optimal condition.
(3) When fuser roller temperature becomes sufficient for fusing:
• IH coil turned OFF
• Set number “1” and “READY” displayed
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 1
4. 2. 2. Standby state (ready for copying)
• Keys on control panel enabled
• When no key is pressed for a certain period of time:
~ Set number “1” and reproduction ratio “100%” displayed and copier returning to normal standby
state
4. 2. 3. Cassette feed copying with [START] key ON
(1) [START] key ON
• “READY” display changed to “COPYING”
• Main charger, developer bias and discharge lamp turned ON/Each fan rotating at a high speed
• Drum, transfer belt, fuser unit and developer unit rotating
(2) Cassette paper feeding
• Feed motor and feed clutch turned ON
~ Pickup roller, feed roller and transport roller rotating
• Paper reaching transport roller
~ Cassette transport sensor turned ON
• Feed clutch turned OFF after a certain period of time
• Paper reaching registration roller
~ Registration sensor turned ON and aligning performed
• Feed motor stopping after a certain period of time
(3) Carriage operation
• Exposure lamp turned ON → White shading compensation is carried out.
• Scanning motor turned ON → Carriages 1 and 2 start to advance.
• Copier entering toner supply operation with developer material toner density being lower than pre-set
value
(4) In a certain time after carriage operation:
• Registration motor turned ON → Paper is sent to the transfer section.
• Copies counted
(5) In a certain time after registration motor is turned ON:
• Transfer charger ON
(6) Carriage scanning termination
• Scanning motor turned OFF
• Exposure lamp turned OFF
• Registration motor turned OFF (after paper trailing edge has passed registration sensor)
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 2
(7) Paper discharging
• Exit sensor detecting passing of paper trailing edge
• Main charger, developer bias and discharge lamp turned OFF
• Each operation of drum, transfer belt, fuser unit and developer unit stopping and each fan returning
to standby mode rotation
• “READY” displayed and copier entering standby mode
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 3
Reverse rotation
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 4
Exit sensor
Discharge lamp
Developer bias
Main charger
MVDEN signal
Registration motor
Registration sensor
1st cassette feed sensor
1st cassette feed clutch
Drum motor
Exposure lamp
Scanner motor
Forward rotation
22
0
260
260
430
830
260
890
830
220
250
236
536
1270
1280
1365
1365
1423
1780
1830
1790
1906
2470
2980
3330
3240
3680
4040
(ms)
Timing chart for copying one A4 sized sheet fed from the 1st cassette
4. 2. 4. Bypass copying
(1) Paper inserted into bypass feed tray.
• SFB feed sensor turned ON
~ “READY FOR BYPASS FEEDING” displayed
(2) [START] key pressed
• “READY FOR BYPASS FEEDING” display changed to “COPYING”
• Main charger, developer bias and discharge lamp turned ON/Each fan rotating at a high speed
• Drum, developer unit, transfer belt, and fuser roller rotating
(3) Sheet-bypass feeding
• Bypass pickup solenoid turned ON and feed motor rotating in reverse
~ Bypass pickup roller lowered
• Bypass feed clutch turned ON
~ Bypass feed roller, paper feed roller, and separation roller rotating
• Aligning operation
• Paper reaching registration roller
• Bypass pickup solenoid, feed motor and bypass feed clutch turned OFF in a certain period of
time later
(4) Same operations as (3) through (6) of cassette feed copying with [START] key ON carried out
4. 2. 5. Interrupt copying
(1) [INTERRUPT] key pressed
• Interruption lamp turned ON
• Copying operation temporarily halted and carriages-1 and -2 returning to their home position
• “JOB INTERRUPTED JOB 1 SAVED” displayed
• Copying mode set to automatic density and 1-to-1 reproduction ratio and copy quantity indicator
unchanged
(2) Preferred copying modes specified
(3) After an interrupt copying is terminated:
• “PRESS INTERRUPT TO RESUME JOB 1” displayed
• Interruption lamp turned OFF/Copier returning to conditions before interruption when [INTERRUPT]
key is pressed again
• “READY TO RESUME JOB 1” displayed
(4) [START] key pressed
• Back to copying operation before interruption
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 5
4. 3. Abnormality Detection
When an abnormality occurs in the copier, a symbol corresponding to the type of the abnormality is
displayed to draw the operator’s attention.
4. 3. 1. Abnormality classification
A) Abnormalities which can be cleared without resetting the door switch
(1) Add paper
(2) Paper misfeed in bypass
(3) Set key copy counter
B) Abnormalities which cannot be cleared without resetting the door switch.
(1) Misfeed in copier
(2) Developer unit not installed properly
(3) Add toner
C) Abnormalities which cannot be cleared without turning OFF the main switch
(1) Call for service
4. 3. 2. Abnormality description
A-1) Add paper
Empty sensor detects the presence or absence of paper.
[When cassette is not installed]
No Cassette detected
훹
Tray not going up (empty sensor OFF)
훹
“Add paper” displayed
훹
[START] key disabled
[When cassette is installed]
Cassette detected
훹
Tray going up (empty sensor OFF)
훹
“Add paper” displayed
훹
[START] key disabled
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 6
• When power is turned ON or feed unit initializing is operated:
↓
Presence or absence of paper detected
Tray motor ON ~ Tray going up
When tray-up sensor is not turned ON within a certain period of time:
↓
Tray being abnormal
“Add paper” displayed regardless of paper being present
↔
or not
Turn ON and OFF the power to clear this condition.
When tray-up sensor is turned ON within a certain period of time:
~ Tray motor stopping

At this time,  if empty sensor is ON ~ Determined there is a paper

 if empty sensor is OFF ~ Determined there is no paper

↓
“Add paper” display blinked
• When the remaining sheets of paper are getting short during copying:
→ Tray-up sensor turned OFF → Tray-up motor turned ON ~ Tray going up
→ Tray-up sensor turned ON → Tray motor stopping
• When empty sensor is turned OFF despite tray-up sensor being ON during copying:
↓
Determined there is no paper
↓
“Add paper” display blinked
↓
Copying stopped
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 7
A-2)
Bypass misfeed (
)
• When doing a bypass feeding:
Bypass feed pickup solenoid turned ON
↓
Registration sensor turned ON
* When the registration sensor is not turned ON after a certain period of time (E12):
↓
Bypass misfeeding
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
) displayed
↓
Copying operation disabled
Solution: Remove paper from the bypass tray, and the bypass sensor will be turned OFF.
A-3)
Set key copy counter
• When the key copy counter (optional) is pulled out from the copier which installs it:
“Set key copy counter” displayed
↓
Copying operation disabled
• When the counter is pulled out during copying:
Copying is stopped when the key copy counter is pulled out.
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 8
B-1)
Misfeed in copier (
)
• Paper leading edge jam detected by exit sensor
Registration motor turned ON
↓
Exit sensor not turned ON within 0.975 sec.
ON
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
Exit sensor
) displayed (E01)
↓
Timer
0.975sec.
0
Copying stopped
• Paper trailing edge jam detected by exit sensor
Registration motor OFF
Misfeed in copier (E01)
Registration
motor
↓
Exit sensor not turned OFF within 0.952 sec.
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
ON
Registration
motor
OFF
Exit sensor
ON
) displayed (E02)
↓
Timer
0
Copying stopped
• Immediately after power is turned ON:
0.952sec.
Misfeed in copier (E02)
↓
Any of all sensors at transport path detecting paper (ON)
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
) displayed (E03)
• Front cover opened during copying
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
) displayed (E41)
• Paper leading edge jam detected by registration sensor
Registration sensor not turned ON within a certain period of time after paper leading edge has
passed transport roller
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
) displayed (E20, 22, 25, 30, 34, 3C)
• When a sheet of paper is fed at reverse section:
Registration sensor not turned ON within a certain period of time after reverse motor has been
turned ON
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
) displayed (E11)
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 9
• When a sheet of reversed paper is transported:
Transport sensor 1 not detecting paper in a certain timing
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
) displayed (E51, 52, 53, 54)
• When a sheet of paper is fed:
Feed sensor not turned ON after feed clutch has been turned ON
↓
“Clear paper” symbol (
) displayed (E13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19: Error codes change depending on
the cassette used.)
B-2)
Add toner (
)
Toner density lowered
↓
Toner empty detected: Auto toner sensor
Control circuit
↓
↓
“Replace toner cartridge” symbol (
) displayed: Copying cannot be started.
Solution: Open the front cover and replace the toner cartridge.
Toner supply operation: copying can be started.
B-3)
Replace toner bottle (
)
Toner bag becoming full with used toner
↓
Used toner transport auger moving to feed side: Toner bottle full detection sensor ON
↓
“Replace toner bottle” symbol (
) displayed
• Toner bottle full detection sensor turned ON during copying
↓
Copying stopped after the last sheet copied has been discharged
Solution: Replace to a new toner bottle by a service technician.
B-4)
Developer unit not installed properly
Developer unit disconnected
↓
“Developer unit not installed properly” displayed
Solution: Connect the developer unit connector and close the front cover.
C-1)
Call for service
When the [CLEAR] and “8” keys are pressed simultaneously when the “Call for service” symbol is
blinking, an error code appears on the message display.
For the contents of the error codes, refer to the “SERVICE HANDBOOK”.
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 10
4. 4. Flowchart
4. 4. 1. Power ON to ready
Main SW ON
DC power supply ON
Restart
YES
Is cover opened?
NO
IH coil ON
· Scanner motor ON
(Start initializing)
· Cassette tray-up
motor ON
Is registration
sensor ON?
YES
NO
Is exit sensor ON?
YES
NO
Is transport
sensor 1 ON?
YES
NO
A
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 11
Jam
"E03"
A
Polygonal motor rotating
Scanning section initialization
Is
toner full detection
sensor ON?
YES
NO
NO
Is toner empty?
Drum motor ON (used toner full clear operation)
for 6 sec.
NO
YES
Is
toner full detection
sensor ON?
YES
Toner bag replacement
Toner supply
Is initialization
finished?
NO
Have
20sec. passed after
initialization
started?
YES
NO
YES
Call for service
"C26"
Is
fuser roller temperature
high enough to start
pre-running?
NO
YES
Pre-running started
Is thermistor
cut down?
YES
NO
Is
fuser roller temperature
high enough to
be ready?
YES
NO
Is heater
cut down?
YES
NO
Is
polygonal motor
NG?
YES
Call for service
Call for service
Call for service
"C41"
"C44"
"CA1"
Pre-running finished
Ready
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 12
NO
4. 4. 2. Automatic feed copying
Press [START] key
Developer bias ON Fuser motor ON
Main charger ON Developer unit motor ON
Discharge lamp ON Transfer belt motor ON
Drum motor ON Used toner transport motor ON
Recycle toner transport motor ON
Process system
control
Scanning system
control
Transport system
control
Is
polygonal motor
ON?
NO
YES
Call for service
"CA1"
Laser ON
Intermediate transport
clutch ON
Exposure lamp ON
Transfer belt bias ON
Intermediate transport
clutch OFF
Carriege moving
forward
Registration motor ON
Carriage stopped
Transfer belt bias OFF
Exposure lamp OFF
Drum separation
finger solenoid ON
NO
Drum separation
finger solenoid OFF
Registration motor
OFF
Is H-sync OK?
Carriage moving
backward
YES
Call for service
NO
"CA2"
NO
Is
remaining set number
0?
YES
Laser OFF
Is
remaining set number
0?
Carriage stopped
YES
Is
fuser unit exit sensor
ON?
Scanning system
control finished
NO
YES
Process system
control finished
B
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 13
Paper jam
"E01"
B
Paper jam
"E02"
NO
Is
fuser unit exit sensor
ON?
YES
Main charger OFF
Discharge lamp OFF
Developer bias OFF
Drum motor OFF
Transfer belt motor OFF
Fuser motor OFF
Developer unit motorOFF
Recycle toner transport motorOFF
Used toner transport motor OFF
Drum reversed
Standby
AR-651/810 GENERAL OPERATIONS 4 - 14
5. CONTROL PANEL
5. 1. Control Panel and Display Panel
The display unit consists of key switches and touch-panel switches to operate the copier and select
various modes. LEDs and an LCD are used to display the state of the copier and show messages.
When the operator’s attention is required, graphic symbols appear with messages explaining the condition
of the copier in the LCD panel.
Control Panel Exterior View
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 1
5. 2. Items Shown on Display Panel
5. 2. 1. Display during normal copying
Note
No.
Message
1
WAIT WARMING UP
- The set number “1” and the reproScanner warming up
- Displayed when the power is turned ON un- duction ratio “100%” are displayed
til the copier becomes ready to start scan- when the power is turned ON.
ning.
2
READY(WARMING
UP)
Ready for scanning
3
READY
State of copier
- The set number “1” is displayed. Press
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting the digital key to change the number.
for operator to select the copying conditions. - The number is reset to “1” by pressing
- Returns to default setting if no key is the [CLEAR] key.
- Bypass feed copying is enabled.
operated within 45 seconds.
- The set number “1” is displayed. Press
Ready for copying
- The copier is ready for copying and waiting for the digital key to change the number.
the operator to select the copying conditions. - The number is reset to “1” by pressing
- Returns to default setting if no key is operated the [CLEAR] key.
- Bypass feed copying is enabled.
within 45 seconds.
4
COPYING
The original is being scanned
- Displayed by pressing the [START] key.
- After scanning is completed, the copier
becomes ready for the next scanning.
5
Saving energy
- Press [START]
The copier is in the energy saver mode.
- Can be cleared by pressing the
[START] key or function select key.
6
Place next original
Press [START] to
copy
- Displayed for SADF and manually
Ready for the next original
- Displayed by pressing the [Next original; placed originals.
—
Power is OFF
7
YES] key.
- Nothing is displayed in the display panel.
- Timer LED is lit.
- Press the [START] key or function
select key.
8
READY (PRINTING)
- Since background printing is in
Ready for scanning
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting progress, the scanned image is not
for the operator to select the copying conditions. output immediately.
Background printing is in progress.
9
READY
(ADD PAPER)
Ready for scanning
10 READY
(FINISHER FULL)
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting
for the operator to select the copying conditions.
Paper in the cassette has run out during printing.
- Printing is resumed by adding paper
to the cassette.
- Printing is resumed by removing
Ready for scanning
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting paper from the finisher.
for the operator to select the copying conditions.
The finisher is full of paper.
11 READY
(HOLE PUNCH
DUST FULL)
Ready for scanning
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting
for operator to select the copying conditions.
The punching dust box is full.
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 2
- Printing is resumed by removing
punching dust from the dust box.
No.
Message
12 READY
(SADDLE STITCH
TRAY FULL)
State of copier
Note
Ready for scanning
Printing is resumed by removing pa- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting per from the saddle stitcher unit.
for the operator to select the copying conditions.
The saddle stitcher is full of paper.
13 READY
(SET CORRECT
CASSETTE)
Ready for scanning
- Printing is resumed by changing
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting for the setting for cassette selection,
the operator to select the copying conditions.
then pressing the [START] key.
Correct size cassette not installed during printing
14 READY (ADDING
Ready for scanning
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting
TONER)
- Printing is resumed automatically
when the toner supply is completed.
for the operator to select the copying
conditions.
Copier is adding toner to the DV.
15 READY (CHECK
STAPLER)
Ready for scanning
- The copier is ready for scanning and waiting for
the operator to select the copying conditions.
- Printing is resumed automatically
when the staple cartridge is
replaced with a new one.
The finisher unit is out of staples.
16 READY (CHECK
SADDLE STITCH
STAPLER)
Ready for scanning
- The copier is ready for scanning and
waiting for the operator to select the
copying conditions.
- Printing is resumed automatically
when the staple cartridge is
replaced with a new one.
The saddle stitcher unit is out of
staples.
17 READY (USE
GENUINE SHARP
TONER)
Ready for scanning
- The copier is ready for scanning and
waiting for the operator to select the
copying conditions.
The display is made to disappear by
using the toner provided by Sharp.
Toner other than Sharp’s has been used.
18 ENTER DEPARTMENT CODE
The copier is waiting for the operator to
enter the department code.
- Displayed when the department manage-
The copier becomes ready to start
copying when the correct department code is entered.
ment function has been used
Ready for scanning
19 READY (ADD
INSERTER PAPER) - The copier is ready for scanning and
waiting for the operator to select the
copying conditions.
No inserter paper
Ready for scanning
20 READY (ADD TAB
- The copier is ready for scanning and
SHEET)
waiting for the operator to select the
copying conditions.
No tab paper
21 READY (FINISHER
IN USE)
Ready for scanning
-The copier is ready for scanning and
waiting for the operator to select the
copying conditions.
Finisher manually operating
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 3
Printing is resumed when the
[START] key is pressed under the
condition the printing UI is displayed
([JOB STATUS] key pressed) after
adding inserter paper.
Printing is resumed when the
[START] key is pressed under the
condition the printing UI is displayed
([JOB STATUS] key pressed) after
adding tab paper.
Printing is started when pressing the
[START] key.
C
A
Fig. 5.2-1
G
I
E
J
D
H
F
E
K B
Fig. 5.2-2
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 4
5. 2. 2. Display in abnormal condition
No.
1
Message
Add paper
Abnormal state and indication on display panel
Solution
Paper run out [Fig.5.2-1 A]
- Add paper to the cassette.
- The cassette with no paper flashes.
- Select a different cassette.
2
Add toner
Press [HELP]
- Replace the toner cartridge and close
Toner run out [Fig.5.2-2 B]
the front door.
- The toner cartridge is empty.
- The message is displayed and the copier is
stopped.
3
Set key copy
counter
Key copy counter not installed [Fig.5.2-1 C] - Insert the key copy counter (option).
- The key copy counter was pulled out when
copier was ready for scanning.
- The copier is stopped when the key copy
counter is pulled out after the [START] key
was pressed.
4
Paper misfeed in
bypass
Bypass paper jam [Fig.5.2-2 D]
- Paper jam at the bypass tray
- Remove the paper from the bypass
tray.
5
Misfeed in copier
Paper jam in the copier [Fig.5.2-2 E]
- Press the [HELP] key and remove the
paper following the messages
shown on the display panel.
Press [HELP]
6
Misfeed in copier
Press [HELP]
- Press the [HELP] key and remove the
Misfeeding of cassette paper [Fig.5.2-2 F]
- Paper fed from the cassette does not reach paper following the messages
shown on the display panel.
the feed sensor in a fixed time.
7
Misfeed in doc.
feeder
Press [HELP]
Original jam [Fig.5.2-2 G]
- Original jamming in RADF
- Open the jam-access cover and
RADF unit to remove the original.
8
Misfeed in finisher
Press [HELP]
Paper jam in the finisher [Fig.5.2-2 H]
- Press the [HELP] key and remove the
paper following the messages
shown on the display panel.
9
Misfeed in
INSERTER
Paper jam in the inserter [Fig.5.2-2 I]
- Press the [HELP] key and remove the
paper following the messages
shown on the display panel.
10 Call for service
Motors, sensors, switches, etc. do not work - Turn OFF the power and solve the
problem, then turn ON the power again.
properly. [Fig.5.2-2 J]
11 Time for periodic
maintenance
PM cycle
- Time for maintenance
- Copying is possible.
- Maintenance and inspection are performed by a qualified service technician.
12 Check paper in LCF
Paper misloading in the tandem LCF
- Set the paper correctly.
- Displayed when a paper is set out of alignment
13 —
Toner bottle full
- The toner bottle is full of used toner.
- Replace the toner bag with a new
one and close the front cover.
The copier stops its operation. [Fig.5.2-2 K]
14 Select the same
sized Tab sheets as
the originals
Displayed when the paper sizes for the tab
sheets and originals are different
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 5
- Select the same size for tab sheets
and originals.
No.
Message
Abnormal state and indication on display panel
Solution
15 Select the same
Displayed when the paper sizes for
sized Inserter sheets inserter paper and original are different
as the originals
- Select the same size for the inserter
sheets and originals.
16 Set Tab sheets in the Displayed when the paper directions for
same direction as
tab paper and original are different
the originals
- Set the tab sheets in the same
direction as the originals.
17 Set Inserter sheets in Displayed when the paper directions for
the same direction as inserter paper and original are different
the originals
- Set the inserter sheets in the same
direction as the originals.
18 Only one paper
source can be used
with Cover Sheet
feature.
- Release either the cover mode or
inserter cover mode.
Displayed when both the cover mode and
inserter cover mode are selected
19 Only two paper
Displayed when all the sheet insertion
sources can be used mode, tab insertion mode and inserter
with Sheet Insertion sheet insertion mode are selected
feature.
- Release any of three modes
Displayed when the inserter mode is valid
20 ADD PAPER TO
INSERTER FEEDER and the [START] key is pressed without
papers on the tray
- Release the inserter mode
- Set papers on the inserter tray
21 Set the paper source Displayed when the tab paper mode is valid - Select the 2nd cassette property to
the tab to release this state.
and the tab cassette is not selected
for Tab sheet
22 Cannot use OHP
Displayed when the paper is OHP and
duplex printing is carried out
- The display is released when
either the setting for OHP or for
duplex printing is released.
23 Wait Saving form
Displayed during inputting the form
combination original
- The display is released when the
saving has finished.
24 Fuser cleaning web
decreased
Displayed when the fuser unit cleaning
web gets decreased
- Replace the cleaning web.
* This message is set not to be displayed
at shipment, but the setting can be
changed at the setting mode (08-938).
25 Time for periodic
maintenance (Fuser
cleaning web)
Displayed when the fuser unit cleaning
web gets run out
- Replace the cleaning web.
26 Tab size: A4/LT only
Displayed when the tab paper mode is
valid and other than A4/LT is selected for
the tab paper size
- Select A4 or LT for tab paper.
27 Please divide and set Displayed when there are too many
the documents which originals set in the RADF
is loading over
28 Service
recommended for
SPC
Displayed when the surface potential
control error occurs
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 6
- Remove originals from RADF.
- The condition is released when the
surface potential control has
finished normally.
Operation
-
-
Paper jammed inside the machine
Service call indicated
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 7
: Operation enabled
- : Operation disabled
-
Power OFF
Manual operating
-
-
-
In energy saver mode
Ready for interrupt copying
-
-
Paper misfeed in bypass copying
(optional)
Key copy counter not inserted
Toner empty
Paper run out
Scanning
Printing
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
key
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
key
-
feeding
Cassette INTERRUPT ENERGYSAVER Bypass
selection
-
panel
Touch
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
key
-
-
-
-
-
-
key
Function select JOBSTATUS
-
key
STOP
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
keys
Digital
Ready for copying
-
key
CLEAR
-
-
key
START
Printer warming up
Scanner warming up
State of copier
5. 3. Relation between Copier State and Operator’s Action
5. 4. Operation
5. 4. 1. Dot matrix LCD circuit
(1) Structure
(320 x 240)
The DSP-LCD-320 is an STN blue mode transmissive type LCD with a 320 x 240-dot display capacity. It
consists of a driver LSI, frame, printed circuit board, and lateral type CFL backlight.
* STN:Super Twisted Nematic
(2) Block diagram
XSCL
UD0
UD1
UD2
UD3
WF
IC5
80
IC6
80
IC7
80
IC1
IC2
IC3
IC4
80
80
80
80
LP
LCDEN
VDD
GND
V0
VEE
Power
supply
LCD PANEL
320 x 240 DOTS
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 8
(3) LCD drive operation
The following describes the drive operation to display the message “READY”.
PWA-F-SYS-300
PWA-F-SYS-340
(a) The System CPU requests the
PROM data to display “READY”.
(a)
GA
System
CPU
(c)
(c)
LCD
controller
(d)
PROM
(b) The PROM outputs data to display
the message to the System CPU.
(b)
R
A
M
(c) The System CPU writes the data to
be displayed on the LCD into the
RAM.
(d) The LCD controller/driver reads the
LED
display data from the RAM, and outputs the data to the LCD.
(d)
LED
driver
KEY CPU
LCD
Key switches
and
touch panel
PWA-F-DSP-300PWA-F-MKEY-340, PWA-F-SKEY-340
PWA-F-DSP-340,
(4) Data transmission
1/tF
1/tF
FRAME
240
1
2
240
1
2
LOAD
FRAME
LOAD
CP
CP x(320/4) pulses
D0-D3
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 9
240
1
2
5. 4. 2. LED display circuit
(1) Method of LED display
ex) Displaying “COPY”
5VL
Current
LDON0
"L"
Q3
"L" 17
D7
G
(COPY)
LED4
R3
IC8(7932)
The transistor is turned ON when the LDON 0 signal becomes “L” level.
Also, when IC8-17pin (D7) changes to “L”, the current flows from 5VL via the transistor to LED4 (“COPY”)
to turn ON LED4 (“COPY”).
Conditions to turn ON the LED
(a) The transistor (Q3) connected to the LED anode is ON.
(b) The output from the cathode side of the LED is “L” level.
The LED is turned ON when (a) and (b) are satisfied.
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 10
5. 5. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] Control panel unit
(1) Open the front cover and take off the front side
right inner cover, toner cartridge drive unit and
toner recycle unit.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the control panel
bottom cover.
Control panel bottom cover
Clamp
(3) Disconnect 3 connectors, remove 2 screws,
release harnesses from 2 clamps and take off
the control panel unit.
Connector
(4) Remove 10 screws, disconnect 2 connectors
Connector
and release the bracket after disconnecting 1
connector at the counter.
(5) Disconnect 7 connectors, remove 6 screws and
Connector
take off the DSP board.
DSP board
Connector
Connector
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 11
(6) Remove 9 screws and take off the MKEY board.
(7) Remove 8 screws and take off the SKEY board.
(8) Remove 4 screws and take off the LCD panel.
MKEY board
AR-651/810 CONTROL PANEL 5 - 12
LCD panel
SKEY board
6. SCANNING SECTION
6. 1. Function
In the scanning section of this copier, the surface of an original is irradiated with a direct light and the
reflected light is led through mirrors and lens to the CCD where the optical-to-electrical conversion is
performed, converting the optical image data into an electrical signal. This analog signal is changed to a
digital signal, and then undertakes various corrective processes necessary for image formation. After that,
an arithmetic operation is performed on the digital signal, which is then sent to the data writing section.
Exposure lamp
Reflector
Carriage-1
Shading correction
plate
Drive pulley
Rail for carriage-1
Original glass
CCD board
Carriage-2
Lens
CCD sensor
Rail for carriage-2
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 1
SLG board
6. 2. Construction
The construction and purpose of the scanning system are described in this section.
(1) Original glass
This is the glass on which originals to be copied are placed. The light from the exposure lamp is irradiated
to the original through this glass.
(2) Carriage-1
The carriage-1 consists of the exposure lamp, lamp inverter, reflector, mirror-1, etc. It is driven by the
scanner motor and scans the original on the glass.
a. Exposure lamp
This lamp is the light source to irradiate the original on the glass (one 29W Xenon lamp).
b. Lamp inverter
This inverter controls lighting of the Xenon lamp.
c. Reflector
This is a plate to direct the light from the exposure lamp efficiently to the surface of the original on the
glass.
d. Mirror-1
This is a mirror to direct the reflected light from the original to the mirror-2 that is described later.
Original
Original glass
Exposure lamp
Reflector
Mirror-1
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 2
(3) Carriage-2
The carriage-2 consists of mirror-2, mirror-3, etc. and directs the reflected light from the mirror-1 through
mirrors-2 and -3 to the lens.
This carriage-2 is driven by the scanner motor as the carriage-1, at half the scanning speed of carriage-1
(the scanning distance is also half of carriage-1).
(4) Lens unit
The light reflected from mirror-3 is led to the CCD placed at the focal point of the lens which is fixed in
position.
(5) CCD board
Processes such as signal amplification, signal integration, A/D conversion and shading correction are
applied to the electrical signal which has been converted by the CCD.
(6) Automatic original detection sensor
The size of the original placed on the glass is instantly detected using the automatic original detection
sensors (APS sensor) fixed on the optics base frame without carriage-1 having to move.
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 3
6. 3. Operation
6. 3. 1. Scanner motor
Scanner motor
Carriage wire
Carriage-1
Pulleys for carriage-2
Ø20
Idler pulley
Motor pulley
Ø20
2GT-Z24
Carriage-2
Wire pulley
Ø30.83/2GT-Z84
(a) Scanning original on original glass
This motor drives the carriages-1 and -2 through the timing belt and carriage wire. The scanner motor
first drives carriages-1 and -2 to their respective home positions. The home positions are detected
when carriage-1 passes the home position sensor. When the [START] key is pressed, both carriages
start to move and scan the original on the glass.
(b) Scanning original on RADF
Carriage-1 starts at the shading position during the shading correction. Then moves to the fixed position for RADF exposure operations.
Exposure glass for scanning operation
Shading correction plate
Slit glass for RADF exposure operations (Scanner fixed)
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 4
9
M2
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 5
ENABLE 15
Mol 14
RESET 13
M3 12
CLOCK 11
CWB 10
8
M1
CR oscillation
Excitation
status monitor
Switching pulse
ON/OFF detection
Excitation
mode setting
Generation of
reference clock
Phase
counter
PWM control
Generation of phase
excitation signal
Generation
of pseudo
sine wave
SUB
7
6
Switching
current
fraction ratio
Vref
Vcc2
5
A
4
AB
3
B
2
BB
1 PG
6. 3. 2. Two-phase motor drive circuit (fixed-current type)
The scanner motor is driven by the unipolar transistors as shown below. The current chopper method is
employed by the driver circuit to improve motor torque STK672-080 (IC4).
PWA-F-SLG
J8
SCNREF-0A
6
SCNEN-0
2
SCNRST
Scanner CPU
SCN-MOT
1
3
SCNDIR-0
Motor
4
SCNCLK-0
driver
5
5
4
SCNMD1-0
3
2
1
6
SCNMD2-0
IC4
IC9
J9
+36V
+36V
SCNMD3-0
1
2
3
4
Circuit diagram
Input signals
SCNCLK-0
CLK input
Input
The motor is rotated by setting the number of pulses.
* The internal circuit of the motor driver works at the rising and falling
edge of the pulse.
The direction of the motor rotation is determined by the setting level
of the signal
SCNDIR-0
Sets the direction
Input
of motor rotation
“H”…Clockwise direction (as seen from the output shaft)
“L”…Counterclockwise direction (as seen from the output shaft)
Note: When SCNMD3-0 is “L”, do not change the rotation direction
within 6.25µs before and after the rising and falling edge of
the pulse of SCNCLK-0.
SCNEN-0
Cuts OFF the
Input
“H” …Normal operation (The motor has been excited.)
“L”…Excitation drive output is forcibly shut OFF (the motor has not
been excited).
Input
Motor wire current value is set in the range of 0 to 2.25 (A)/phase by
applying the analog voltage 0 to 5 (V).
drive output
SCNREF-0A
Voltage to set value
for the motor current
SCNMD1~3-0 Sets the excitation Input
mode (1)–(3)
SCNRST
Reset
Input
Sets the excitation mode.
Note: Do not change the setting within 5µs before and after the
rising and falling edge of the pulse of SCNCLK-0.
Internal circuit of the driver is initialized by setting the motor to “L”
level (pulse interval: 10µs or more).
The motor drive circuit is automatically reset when the power is
turned ON.
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 6
6. 4. Control for Exposure Lamp
6. 4. 1. General description
Control circuit of the exposure lamp consists of the following 3 blocks.
(1) Lighting device for the Xenon lamp (Inverter)
Turns the exposure lamp ON/OFF.
(2) CCD sensor circuit
This circuit works to the convert the reflected light amount from the original surface and the shading
correction plate to the electrical signals. The reflected light amount from the shading correction plate is
read to control the exposure amount.
(3) Image processing circuit
The output signals from the CCD are digitized and the image processing such as gamma correction
and shading correction is applied to them.
Shading correction plate
Original
Exposure lamp (Xenon lamp)
Lighting device
for Xenon lamp
(Inverter)
PWA-CCD
CCD sensor
PWA-CCD
PWA-SLG
A/D
Image processing
circuit
Construction of exposure lamp control circuit
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 7
Scanner
Main
CPU
CPU
IC37
6. 4. 2. Exposure lamp
External electrode type Xenon fluorescent lamp is used as an exposure lamp in this copier.
(1) Structure
The fluorescer is applied to the inside surface of the lamp pipe (except for a part which serves as an
opening) which is filled with the Xe-
PET film
Aluminum tape
electrode
Glass valve
non gas.
A pair of the external electrodes
Fluorescer
covered by film with adhesive agent
is attached around the pipe.
Xenon gas
Adhesive agent
(6)
(2) Behavior inside the lamp
(1)
The electron inside the pipe is led
to the electric field by applying volt-
(5)
age to the pair of the external electrodes, and the discharge is started.
The electrons then flow and clash
(7)
(2)
(4)
(8)
(3)
with the Xenon atoms inside the pipe
to excite them and allow them to
generate ultraviolet rays. This ultraviolet rays convert the fluorescer into
(1)Electrode (2)Electron (3)Xenon atom (4)Ultraviolet ray (5)Fluorescer
(6)Visible light (irradiated from the opening to outside the pipe)
(7)Opening (8)Harness
visible light.
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 8
6. 4. 3. Control circuit for exposure lamp
Xenon lamp
+5VSW
+5V
Q3:RN2401
P24
WDTOUT
P23
HCT00
IC16
EXPON–0
WDTOUT–0
Xenon lamp
lighting device
D1:1SS184
HCT00
IC16
WDTEN–0
EXPON–0A
HCT00
IC16
HC14
IC17
Q2:RN1401
SG
Scanner
CPU
IC9
PWA–F–SLG–340
Working conditions
WDTOUT-0
WDTEN-0
H
H
H
EXPON-0
+5VSW
Q2
Xenon lamp
H
ON
OFF
OFF
H
L
ON
ON
ON
L
X
X
OFF
OFF
OFF
Scanner CPU
overdriving
H
L
X
OFF
OFF
OFF
Call for Service
(Lamp drive signal)
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 9
State of copier
Normal operation
6. 5. CCD Control
6. 5. 1. Opto-electronic conversion
A CCD (charge-coupled device) is used to produce an electrical signal corresponding to the reflected light
amount from the original. The CCD is a one-chip opto-electronic conversion device, comprised of several
thousand light-receiving elements arranged in a line; each one of them is a few microns square.
This model is equipped with a CCD which has 7,500 light-receiving elements.
Each element of the light-receiving section consists of the semiconductive layers P and N. When the light
irradiates the element, the light energy produces a (-) charge in the P layer, the amount of the charge
produced is proportional to the energy and irradiating time. The charges produced in the light-receiving
section are then sent to the transfer section where they are shifted by the transfer clock from left to right as
shown in the figure below, and are finally output from the CCD. At this time, to increase the transfer speed
of the CCD, image signals in the even-number and odd-number elements are separated and output in
parallel via two channels.
Transfer clock
Light energy
Transfer section
Light receiving
section
layer N
1
2
3
4
7497 7498
7499 7500
layer P
Details of light receiving element
Transfer section
Shift register
Transfer clock
[Principle of the opto-electronic conversion by CCD]
6. 5. 2. Shading correction
Signal voltages read by the CCD have the following characteristics.
(1) Light source has variation in its light distribution.
(2) Since the light beam reflected from the original is converged using a lens, the light path is the
shortest at the center of the CCD and the longest at ends. This causes difference in the amount of
light reaching the CCD (i.e. the light amount is maximum at the CCD center, gradually decreases
towards the ends).
(3) Each of the 7,500 elements varies slightly in their opto-electronic conversion efficiency.
These variations need to be corrected and this correction is referred to as shading correction. Based on the
black and white data obtained in advance, a normalization process using the following formula is applied to
the raw image data to correct lighting variance and element variation of the image data.
I=k×
(S — K)
(W — K)
k : Coefficient
S : Image data before correction
K : Black data (stored in “black” memory)
W : White data (stored in “white” memory)
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 10
6. 6. Automatic Original Size Detection Circuit
This circuit detects the size of original (standard sizes only) using the reflection type photosensors arranged on the base frame of the scanner unit.
6. 6. 1. Principle of original size detection
The reflection type photosensors are placed on the base frame of the scanner unit as shown in the Fig. 6.61. Each sensor consists of an infrared light emitting diode (LED) on the light emitting side, and a phototransistor
on the light receiving side.
When there is an original on the original glass, light beams from the LEDs are reflected by the original and
led to the phototransistors. This means that the size of the original is detected by checking which
phototransistors are turned on or are not.
[A4 Series]
[LT Series]
Original glass
Original APS-4
Original glass
Original
APS-5
APS-5
APS-2
APS-2
APS-4
APS-3
APS-1 APS-3
Fig. 6.6-1
6. 6. 2. Process of original size detection
(1) When the copier is in the original size detection mode, the carriage-1 is set at its home position.
(2) When the RADF is opened, the sensors receive the light reflected from the original and if one of the
matrix conditions shown in (4) for original sizes is satisfied, the size of the original is instantly detected.
(3) The output signal from each sensor is input to the CPU on the scanner control PC board to determine
the size of the original.
[A4 Series]
APS-5
APS-4
Reflection type
photosensor
APS-3
VDD
33
32
30
VDD
[LT Series]
P81
APS-5
P80
33
P81
APS-4
30 P80
APS-3
29
Reflection type
P96
photosensor
APS-2
APS-1
29 P95
28
APS-2
P94
GND
PWA-SLG
Fig. 6.6-2 Original size detection circuit
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 11
28
P96
P95
GND
PWA-SLG
[A4 Series]
A5
B5
A4
APS-5
APS-4
A5–R
B5–R
A4–R
APS-3
APS-1
B4
APS-2
A3
[LT Series]
ST
LT
APS-5
APS-4
ST–R
APS-3
LT–R
LG
APS-2
LD
Fig.6.6-3 Sensor detection points
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 12
(4) Original size is determined by the combination of the presence/absence of signals which are output at
each detection point. The combination chart for size determination of A4 series and LT series are as
followed.
[A4 Series]
Size
APS-1
APS-2
APS-3
APS-4
APS-5
A3
0
0
0
0
0
A4
B4
B5
A4-R
A5
B5-R
A5-R
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
APS-2
APS-3
APS-4
APS-5
[LT Series]
Size
LD
0
0
0
0
LT
LG
LT-R
ST
ST-R
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
Code
1
0
Output signal
H
L
Original
Absent
Present
* When the APS operation sensor is OFF;
• The following points are determined by the output signals from APS sensors
Size (The combination of the signals satisfy the above chart)
: Size is displayed on the control panel and an appropriate paper and reproduction ratio are selected.
Size retention (The combination of the signals do not satisfy the above chart)
: Retains the latest original size recognized (or no original state) until a new paper size is recognized.
No original (output from all the sensors are “1”.)
: Reproduction ratio and paper size are not selected.
• Size change is always observed and detected.
• Carriage-1 stays at the standby position even if the reproduction ratio changes corresponding to the change of
the original size.
* When the APS operation sensor is ON;
Retains the latest original size (or no original state) recognized right before the APS operation sensor is turned
ON regardless of the state of the APS sensor output signals.
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 13
About reflection type photosensor
The reflection type photosensor is comprised of an infrared light emitting diode and a phototransistor. It
uses the pulse modulation to detect an original.
Original
8µsec
130µsec
LED
Phototransistor
The light emitting diode is driven by a pulse having a 130-µsec cycle and an 8-µsec ON time. When the
phototransistor receives the same signal as this pulse, it is determined that there is an original. The
pulse modulation is performed inside the reflection type phototransistor.
AR-651/810 SCANNING SECTION 6 - 14
7. IMAGE PROCESSING
7. 1. General Description
The following diagram shows the process from scanning of the original to data writing on the photoconductive drum surface of the digital copier.
ASIC stands for “Application Specific IC”, meaning an IC designed for a particular use.
Scanning section
Image processing section
Writing section
Original
System
control section
[SYS]
Original glass
Scanning
section
[CCD]
Image
processing
section
[SLG]
Laser drive board
[LDR]
Image processing/
writing control
section
[PLG]
Polygonal motor
Machine
control section
[LGC]
Semiconductive
laser element
Photo
conductive
drum
The followings are the boards used for the image processing.
Board
Number of image
Function
processing ASIC
SLG board
(PWA-F-SLG-340)
PLG board
(PWA-F-PLG-340)
1
High-quality image processing, image memory editing, editing
processing, gamma correction, gradation processing, external
output system interface
1
Smoothing processing, external input system interface, image area
control, laser related control
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 1
7. 2. Image Processing Circuit
7. 2. 1. General description
The image of an original placed on the original glass is scanned by the carriage. The CCD (Charge Coupled
Device) reads the optical image signals and converts them into the electrical signal. The electrical signals
then undergo the analog-to-digital conversion and are changed into digital signal. The shading correction
(correction of variance in CCD elements and the light source) is performed on the digital signal, then it is
output as an image signal from the scanning section.
The image processing section receives this image signal from the scanning section and applies various
types of image processing to it, then sends the output result to the writing section.
Images are processed by the SLG board (PWA-F-SLG-340) and PLG board (PWA-F-PLG-340).
(1) Image processing circuit on the SLG board
One image processing ASIC is mounted on the SLG board, realizing the following functions:
<Functions>
High-quality image processing, image memory editing, edit processing, gamma correction,
gradation processing and external output system interface
(2) Image processing circuit on the PLG board
One image processing ASIC is mounted on the PLG board, realizing the following functions:
<Functions>
Smoothing processing, external input system interface, image area control and laser related control
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 2
7. 2. 2. Configuration
The following diagram shows the image processing section of this copier.
CCD board
(PWA-F-CCD-340)
CCD
A/D conversion
Shading correction
Image processing
section
SLG board
(PWA-F-SLG-340)
Image processing ASIC for scanner section
High-quality image processing
Image memory editing
Editing processing
Gamma correction
Gradation processing
External output system interface
SYS board
(PWA-F-SYS-340)
Sorting, group copy, magazine
sorting, 2in1/4in1 (single-sided/
double-sided), image composition, date insertion, sheet
insertion mode, etc.
PLG board
(PWA-F-PLG-340)
Image processing ASIC for printer
section
Smoothing processing
External input system interface
Image area control
Laser related control
Laser drive board
(PWA-F-LDR-340)
Image data flow
Laser drive
Configuration of image processing section
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 3
7. 3. SLG Board (PWA-F-SLG-340)
7. 3. 1. Features
(1) The image processing ASIC on the SLG board is controlled by the CPU on the SLG board.
(2) The image processing ASIC on the SLG board realizes the following functions:
• High-quality image processing
• Image memory editing
• Editing processing
• Gamma correction
• Gradation processing
• External output system interface
7. 3. 2. Functions of image processing circuit
An image processing ASIC mounted on the SLG board realizes the following functions:
(1) High-quality image processing
(a) Range correction
This function corrects the density range of the image signals, and adjusts it so that it is suited to each
original image. It is possible to eliminate undesirable background density when an original with a certain
level of density on the background, for example a newspaper, is copied.
<Example>
Extended dynamic range
No. of pixels
Background
Large
After range
correction
Small
Text
Small
No. of pixels
Large
Dynamic range
Density
Density
Low
Low
High
Histogram
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 4
High
(b) Filtering
This function is enabled by a low-pass filter circuit and a high-pass filter circuit.
•
Low-pass filter circuit
This circuit removes image noise and electrical noise, decreases moire, and realizes high
reproducibility of original by applying an averaging operation on the image signal of the targeted
pixel and those of the pixels positioning next to it.
<Example> The density of the targeted pixel position is “x”. The density of the pixel positions at
the front and back of the targeted pixel are “a” and “b” respectively, “x” is converted to
“ x’ ” through low pass filtering.
When the matrix is (3 x 1):
a
x
b
x’ =
a+b+x
3
The above averaging operation is performed for all the pixel positions to accomplish the high
reproducibility of the original.
The following is when low pass filtering is applied on the primary scanning pixel.
Density
Density
After low-pass filtering
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Primary scanning pixel positions
Primary scanning pixel positions
•
High-pass filter circuit
The change of the density at the character outline becomes smooth when an original, such as text,
with a great difference in density between the pixels placed next to one another is optically scanned
and output from the CCD. This is caused by the characteristic of the lens and other factors. In this
copier, the process such as the edge enhancement, is applied on the targeted pixel and the pixels
around it to eliminate this phenomenon and realize high reproducibility of the original.
Solid black area
Low contrast area
Original
Image signal
After correction
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 5
(2) Image memory editing
This function performs editing such as enlargement/reduction, mirror imaging, etc. using the line memory.
Pixel data for one line in the primary scanning direction are stored in the line memory and the memory
is renewed at each line.
(a) Enlargement/reduction
The enlargment/reduction is accomplished by using the line memory control function in the process
of the image processing operation.
<Example> Enlargement
100%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
200%
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
7
8
9
10
<Example> Reduction
100%
1
2
3
4
5
50%
1
3
5
7
9
(b) Mirror imaging
This is accomplished by reading and outputting data from its end.
(3) Edit processing
This function performs trimming, masking and negative/positive reversing.
(a) Trimming
Using rectangular area signals, the image signals inside the rectangular area are left and the other
image signals outside the area are eliminated.
(b) Masking
Using rectangular area signals, the image data inside the rectangular area are erased.
(c) Negative/positive reversing
This function reverses the entire data from negative to positive or vice versa.
(4) Gamma correction
This function corrects the input/output characteristics of the scanner/printer and adjusts the image
signals so that their input/output characteristics match with the copy mode.
(5) Gradation processing
This function works for genuine reproduction of halftone image such as photographs.
(6) External output system interface
This function controls the output of the output interface between the SLG board and the SYS board
(PWA-F-SYS-340).
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 6
7. 4. PLG Board (PWA-F-PLG-340)
7. 4. 1. Features
(1) The image processing ASIC on the PLG board is controlled by the CPU on the PLG board.
(2) The image processing functions of the PLG board realizes the following functions:
• Smoothing processing
• External input system interface
• Image area control
• Laser related control
7. 4. 2. Functions of image processing circuit
An image processing ASIC mounted on the PLG board enables the following functions:
(1) Smoothing processing
This function removes jaggedness and smoothes character outline of the text images input from the
external input system interface, then outputs them.
(2) External input system interface
This function controls the input interface between the PLG board and the SYS board (PWA-F-SYS340).
(3) Image area control
This function sets the effective image area of four directions for the image to be output.
(4) Laser related control
This function controls the APC (Auto Power Control) for the laser diodes.
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 7
7. 5. Scanning Section
Light reflected from original surface is directed to the CCD which performs the opto-electronic conversion,
and the optical image data is converted into an electrical signal. This analog signal undergoes the A/D
conversion processing and is changed into a digital signal. The signal then undertakes various corrective
processes necessary for image formation.
CCD
Signal
amplification
A/D
conversion
Shading
correction
Next stage
(1) Opto-electronic conversion
The CCD elements convert the optical signal (light) into electrical signal (voltage). (
Chap.6.5.1)
(2) Signal amplification
Amplifies the electrical signals received from the CCD.
(3) A/D conversion
Converts the analog signal into a digital signal.
(4) Shading correction
Shading correction is applied to the signal received front the CCD. (
Chap.6.5.2.)
7. 6. Writing Section
The image signal is processed by the PLG board ASIC for the writing operation. The laser is controlled
based on this signal, writing the image data on the drum.
(1) Setting the effective image area........................ • Top, bottom, left and right margins
(2) Horizontal synchronization signal (H-Sync) ....... • The reference clock signal in the printer section
clock generation section
is synchronized with the H-Sync signal from the
LSU.
(3) Laser drive section ............................................ • The ON/OFF control of the semiconductive laser
and APC (Auto Power Control) control is performed
based on the processed image data.
AR-651/810 IMAGE PROCESSING 7 - 8
8. LASER & OPTICAL UNIT
8. 1. General Description
The laser optical unit radiates the laser beam onto the photoconductive drum responding to the digital
image signals, which have been sent from the scanner, printer controller, etc., to create a latent image.
The Image signal is converted into the light emission signal of the laser diode on the laser driver board,
and it is radiated on the drum through the optical elements such as cylinder lenses, polygonal mirror and fØ
lens.
Caution: This unit must not be disassembled in the field since it is finely adjusted and very sensitive to
dust.
[Laser optical unit exterior view]
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 1
Laser emission unit
1st laser diode
1st laser drive PC board
Finite focus lens
2nd laser drive PC board
fØ lens 2
2nd laser diode
Finite focus lens
Half mirror
Galvanic mirror
Cylinder lens
Polygonal motor
fØ lens 1
H-Sync detection PC board
Front side
H-Sync turnup mirror
2nd turnup mirror
Front side
1st turnup mirror
Slit glass
(Laser light exit)
Rear side
[Laser optical unit overview]
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 2
8. 2. Structure
(1) Laser emission Unit
This unit consists of the laser diode, finite focus lens and aperture.
a. Laser diode
This laser diode features low droop, small laser variation and low threshold current.
An aperture determines the shape of the laser beam at the laser emission position.
The laser diode radiates the laser beam responding to the laser emission control (ON/OFF) signals
from the laser drive board. The laser beam which passed through the finite focus lens are focused
on the drum surface.
b. Caution:
The beam of the semiconductor laser is very weak (about 5 mW), but focused parallel rays can
create enough energy to be hazardous.
Some material of the components of the laser optical unit are metal. Since the unit is in a sealed
container, there is no danger of laser leakage during normal operation.
Note: The laser beam is not visible. Pay the close attention when handling the laser unit components or
performing operations such as adjustment of the laser beam. This kind of operation, which can be
very dangerous, must be performed only by specially trained staff.
The warning label shown below is attached on the front side left inner cover.
>PS<
[CAUTION]
•
Do not place reflective tools near the path of the laser beam.
•
Take off your watches, rings, bracelets, etc. when handling the unit.
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 3
(2) Polygonal motor unit
(A)
This unit consists of the polygonal motor, polygonal
mirror and polygonal mirror cover.
a. Polygonal motor
Drum
This motor rotates the polygonal mirror at high
speed.
The DC motor controls the rotation speed of the
mirror polygon as follows:
During standby
:10,000.000 rpm (approx.)
During copying
:37,216.337 rpm (approx.)
Laser light
(B)
b. Polygonal mirror
Laser beams emitted from the laser diode are
reflected by this mirror. As the polygonal mirror
Drum
is rotated by the polygonal motor, the reflected
laser light moves in sync with the rotation. The
direction of the movement is the primary
scanning direction of the image. Two scans are
performed on one plane of the polygonal mirror.
Laser light
(C)
As the polygonal mirror has eight planes, sixteen
scans are performed in one rotation of the
Drum
polygonal mirror.
c. Polygonal mirror cover
Polygonal mirror cover reduces the wind
and noise, prevents adhesion of foreign objects
onto the mirror surface and releases heat.
Laser light
Fig. 8.2-1
2 scans are completed by completion of steps (A) to (C).
There are two lines of data are written on one plane of
the polygonal mirror. 16 lines of data can be written with
one rotation of the polygonal mirror.
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 4
(3) fØ lenses 1 and 2
These two lenses perform the following adjustment on the laser beams reflected by the polygonal mirror.
Wider
a. Uniform-velocity scanning
Since the polygonal mirror is rotating at a uniform velocity, the laser beam reflected from the
Narrower
mirror scans over the drum surface at a uniform
angular velocity; namely, the pitch between the
dots on the drum is wider at both ends than at
Drum
the center of the scanning range. The fØ lenses
help to correct this difference, making all the
dot-to-dot pitches equal on the drum surface.
Lens 1
Lens 2
Same intervals
Fig. 8.2-2
Mirror plane is tilted.
b. Face tilt connection
The reflecting face of the polygonal mirror is tilted
Deviation
slightly to one side against the perfect vertical.
Horizontal deviation of the laser light which is
caused by the tilt is corrected.
c. Sectional shape of laser beam
The shape of the laser beam spotted on the drum
is adjusted.
Fig. 8.2-3
(4) H-Sync detection PC board
The laser light which is started to be scanned from one of the reflected faces of the polygonal mirror is
reflected by the H-Sync detection mirror and goes into the PIN diode on the H-Sync detection PC
board. The primary scanning synchronizing signal is generated based on this reflected laser light timing.
The rudder sensor is attached to the H-Sync sensor to evenly space (42.3µm), by its detection value,
the intervals of the secondary scanning of the first and second beams.
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 5
(5) Laser drive board
This control board has the following functions:
a. APC control function (adjusts disparity of the laser intensity caused by temperature)
b. Laser ON/OFF function
c. Function to generate the primary scanning synchronizing signals
(6) Slit glass
Slit glass is located where the laser beams are output from the laser optical unit, and it protects the unit
from dust.
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 6
8. 3. Laser Diode
The laser used in this copier is a A1GaAs type semiconductive laser. It is generated in the single-horizontal
mode, and its wavelength is approx.780nm. This semiconductive laser outputs 15mW with standard DC
power supply. Laser intensity is controlled by using the output from the PIN diode for monitoring light output
in the semiconductive laser.
The relation between the current and optical output
of the semiconductive laser is as shown at right.
reaches or becomes greater than the threshold
current and outputs the monitor current which is proportional to the optical output. The threshold current
and monitor current differs depending on the
High temp.
Regulation
Optical Output (mW)
Light emission is started when the forward current
Low temp.
semiconductive lasers due to their individual nature.
Forward current
Monitor current
Optical output has to be adjusted to maintain a constant value.
Current (mA)
Since the optical output of the semiconductive laThreshold current
ser is decreased when the temperature of the laser
Fig. 8.3-1
rises, APC control needs to be performed to maintain
a constant optical output.
Power source
Semiconductive laser
Laser power
comparison
circuit
Laser driver
circuit
Constant
optical output
Monitor efficiency regulation circuit
Monitor output
Fig. 8.3-2 Block diagram
Fig. 8.3-2 shows a block diagram of the semiconductive laser control circuit. The semiconductive laser
monitors the efficiency of the user drode and the laser itself is adjusted to initially output approx. 2.6mW
(395µW on the drum surface). The regulated voltage of the monitor output provides feedback to the laser
power comparison circuit. This monitor output voltage is compared with the laser power voltage set by the
control circuit for every scanning line. Laser driver circuit increases the forward current if the laser power is
insufficient and decreases the current when the power is excessive to maintain a constant optical output.
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 7
8. 4. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] Laser fan motor
(1) Remove the top right cover, feed side upper
cover and feed side center cover. Remove 1
screw and loosen 10 screws and take off the
plate cover.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the optical unit
fixing stay.
(3) Disconnect 1 connector and remove 2 screws
Laser fan motor
to take off the laser fan motor.
Connector
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 8
[B] Laser optical unit
(1) Remove the original glass and lens cover.
(
Chap.6)
(2) Loosen 2 laser unit set screws.
(3) Remove the laser fan motor.
(4) Disconnect 3 connectors and pull out the laser
unit.
Laser unit
[C] Laser control PC board (PLG board)
(1) Remove the laser unit.
(2) Disconnect 5 connectors and remove 4 screws
to take off the PLG board.
Notes: 1. Do not leave fingerprints or stain on the slit
glass.
2. Pay close attention not to make an impact
or vibration on the laser optical unit since it
is a precise apparatus.
3. The laser optical unit, which has been
removed, should be placed as shown, on a
left surface.
4. Do not disassemble the laser optical unit in
the field since it is precisely adjusted and
very sensitive to dust and stains.
AR-651/810 LASER & OPTICAL UNIT 8 - 9
Connector
9. PAPER FEEDING SECTION
9. 1. General Description
The paper feeding system is for transporting paper set on the cassette, bypass tray and tandem LCF to the
transfer section.
The clutch controls to convey the motor drive to each roller, and each sensor detects the transporting state
of the paper.
9. 2. Functions
5
15
4
2
1
3
7
6
8
14
9
10
13
11
12
Paper feeding system sectional view (Front side)
No.
Name
No.
Name
1
Bypass pickup roller
9
1st cassette pickup roller
2
Bypass feed roller
10
1st cassette feed roller
3
Bypass separation roller
11
1st cassette separation roller
4
Bypass transport rollers
12
1st cassette feed sensor
5
Registration roller (metal)
13
1st cassette transport sensor
6
Registration roller (rubber)
14
Intermediate transport sensor
7
Intermediate transport rollers
15
Registration sensor
8
Transport rollers
—
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 1
(1) Pickup roller
These rollers draw paper off the stack from the bypass tray, cassette or tandem LCF and send it to the
feed roller.
(2) Feed roller
This roller is placed against the separation roller. It transports paper from the pickup roller to the
transport roller.
(3) Separation roller
This roller is placed against the feed roller. When two or more sheets of paper are sent from the pickup
roller, the load of the torque limiter of the separation roller is greater than the frictional force between the
sheets of paper. As a result, the separation roller is stopped and the lower paper is not advanced any
further. When only one sheet of paper is sent from the pickup roller, the separation roller rotates following the feed roller.
(4) Transport rollers
These rollers transports the paper sent from the feed roller to the registration roller.
(5) Registration roller
The paper sent from the transport rollers is pushed against the registration roller which aligns its
leading edge of paper. As the correct timing the registration roller rotates to transport the paper to the
transfer section so as to align the leading edge of the paper with the leading edge of the image on the
OPC drum.
(6) Bypass feed sensor
This sensor detects if paper is set in the bypass tray. If it is, bypass feeding takes priority over
cassette feeding.
(7) Cassette empty sensor
This is an emission type sensor that detects the availability of paper in the cassette by using an
actuator. When there is no paper in the cassette, the actuator blocks the light path of the sensor, and
the sensor output in a rates that there is no paper.
(8) Feed sensor, Transport sensor
The feed sensor detects if the leading edge or trailing edge of the paper passed the feed roller. The
transport sensor detects if the leading edge or trailing edge of the paper passed the transport roller.
They also detect jams like misfeeding.
(9) Registration sensor
This sensor detects that the leading edge of paper has reached the registration roller and the trailing
edge of paper has passed the registration roller at the proper time.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 2
(10) Tray-up sensor
This sensor detects the tray position when the paper lift plate of the cassette and tandem LCF is in the
up position.
(11) Bottom sensor
This sensor detects when the paper lift plate is at the lower unit position for the cassette and tandem
LCF.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 3
9. 3. Operation
9. 3. 1. Operation of bypass pickup roller
Bypass pickup solenoid
Spring
Pickup arm
Lever
Bypass pickup roller
Shaft
Bypass feed roller
When the bypass pickup solenoid is turned ON, the plunger is pulled and the lever is rotated and lowered.
The pickup arm, which is linked with the lever, is also lowered with the lever by its own weight. When the
bypass pickup solenoid is turned OFF, the pickup arm is brought up by the spring force.
The driving force transmitted through the bypass feed clutch is also transmitted to the bypass feed roller
through the shaft and then to the bypass pickup roller through the timing belt. The roller is rotated by this
driving force.
9. 3. 2. Operation of cassette pickup roller
a
A
B
When the cassette is inserted, the protrusion at the rear side of the cassette pushes the lever (a) in the A
direction. Then, the pickup roller and roller holder are lowered by the spring force of (B).
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 4
9. 3. 3. Paper separation
This model is equipped with a separation roller which
Feed roller
works to prevent multiple paper feeding. The separation roller unit consists of the feed roller, separation roller, torque limitter, etc., as shown at the right.
The feed roller is rotated by the feed clutch in the
direction of the arrow (
) at the same timing as
the pick up roller rotation.
The figure at lower right shows how duplicate feed-
Torque limitter
ing is prevented: Since the friction between two
sheets is small, the lower sheet is not transported
Separation roller
any further while the upper sheet is transported by
the feed roller in the direction of the arrow (
).
[Example]
• When only one sheet enters between the rollers:
Feed roller
Since the transporting force of the feed roller is
greater than the braking force of the separation
roller, the separation roller follows the feed roller,
making the sheet go forward to the registration
A
roller.
B
• When two sheets enter between the rollers at the
same time:
Since the transporting force of the feed roller and
the breaking force of the separation roller are
greater than the frictional force between two
sheets, the paper A is transported to the direction
of the arrow (
) and the paper B is braked by
the separation roller and is not transported any
further.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 5
Separation roller
9. 3. 4. General operation
[A] From power ON to standby status
(1) When the copier is turned ON, the tray-up motor is activated and the 1st cassette tray starts to rise.
When the tray-up sensor is turned ON (H 촞 L), the tray-up motor is turned OFF and the tray is stopped.
At this time, if the empty sensor is OFF (L), it is judged that there is no paper in the cassette. With the
empty sensor being ON (H), there is paper in the cassette. The tray stops at the raised position
regardless of availabilty of paper.
Then the tray-up motor starts to rotate in the reverse direction and 2nd cassette starts to be lifted. The
2nd cassette tray is stopped in the same manner as the 1st cassette tray and the empty sensor
detects if there is paper in the cassette.
(2) If the cassette is not completely inserted when the copier is turned ON, the tray for that cassette is not
raised. When the cassette is inserted completely, the tray is raised and checked for the availability of
paper.
(3) If either of the sensors at the transport path are ON (meaning there is paper on the transport path) when
the copier is turned ON, it is determined that a paper jam has occurred and paper lift operation is
disabled until after the jamed paper is removed.
[B] Standby status
(1) After the tray is moved up and availability of paper is checked as described above, the copier enters
the standby state. In the standby mode, the tray remains at the raised position.
(2) When a cassette is inserted or removed in the standby state, the tray is raised again to check the
availability of paper.
[C] Bypass feeding
•
The bypass sensor detects the availability of paper.
•
The bypass feed clutch is turned ON and the bypass pickup roller and bypass feed roller rotate.
•
The bypass pickup solenoid is turned ON and the bypass pickup roller is lowered to start feeding.
•
The leading edge of the paper turns ON the registration sensor and the paper is aligned with the
registration roller.
•
The bypass feed clutch is turned OFF and the bypass pickup roller and the bypass feed roller are
stopped, and then the bypass pickup roller is raised.
•
The registration motor is turned ON and paper is transported to the transfer unit.
[D] Cassette feeding
•
The feed clutch is turned ON and the pickup roller and feed roller rotate to start feeding.
•
The leading edge of paper turns ON the transport sensor, then the feed clutch is turned OFF and
the transport clutch is turned ON.
•
The leading edge of paper turns ON the registration sensor and paper is aligned with the registration
roller.
•
The transport clutch is turned OFF and the transport roller is stopped.
•
The registration motor and transport clutch are turned ON and paper is transported to the transfer unit.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 6
[E] Tandem LCF
(E-1) From power ON to standby status
(1) When the copier is turned ON, the power is supplied to start the pre-running operation. The tandem LCF
tray-up motor starts to rotate forward and raises the tray. The tandem LCF tray-up motor is turned OFF
when the tray turns ON the tandem LCF tray-up sensor, and the tray is then stopped. At this time, it is
judged whether there is paper on the feed side tray when the tandem LCF empty sensor is ON. On the
other hand, the absence of paper on the feed side tray is assumed when the sensor is OFF, and the
tandem LCF standby side empty sensor is subsequently checked. When the tandem LCF standby side
empty sensor is OFF, paper is absent on the standby side tray and it is therefore assumed that there
is no paper in the tandem LCF. When the tandem LCF standby side empty sensor is ON, paper on the
standby side tray is moved onto the feed side tray. The tandem LCF tray-up motor is rotated in reverse
and lowers the feed side tray. The lowered tray turns ON the tandem LCF tray bottom sensor, and the
tandem LCF tray-up motor is turned OFF to stop the tray. The end fence solenoid and pickup solenoid
are then turned ON. The end fence motor rotates forward and the paper on the standby side tray is
moved onto the feed side tray. The end fence motor is stopped for a second when the end fence stop
position sensor is turned ON, and the motor immediately starts to rotate in reverse to return the end
fence to the position where the end fence home position sensor is turned ON. When the returning
operation is started, the end fence solenoid and pickup solenoid are turned OFF, and the tandem LCF
tray-up motor is rotated forward to raise the tray. The tandem LCF tray-up motor is turned OFF when the
tray being raised turns ON the tandem LCF tray-up sensor and stops the tray. At this time, the presence of paper is judged when the tandem LCF empty sensor is ON.
(2) Whe the power is turned ON after the tray unit is removed, the tandem LCF tray-up motor is turned ON.
The tray is raised as soon as the tray unit detects that the tray is fully inserted.
(3) If either of the tandem LCF feed sensors is ON (there is paper at the transportation path) when turning
ON the power, a paper jam is judged and the operation is disabled until the paper is removed.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 7
(E-2) Standby status
(1) Trays detect the paper as described above, and the copier goes into the standby status.
(2) The tray goes down automatically when the tray unit is removed and is raised as soon as the tray unit
is reinstalled it then checks if there is paper in the tray.
(E-3) From the start to the end of copying
(1) The drum motor of the copier is turned ON when the [START] key is pressed. The transport motor is
also turned ON to drive the transfer belt unit.
(2) When the copier judges that the tandem LCF is ready for feeding paper, it turns ON the tandem LCF
feed clutch on the selected tray. This clutch drives the pickup roller and feed roller to feed paper from
the tray.
(3) In a specified time after the feeding has started, the appropriate transport clutch is turned ON to drive
the transport roller.
(4) The leading edge of the paper turns the feed sensor ON. These are located right next to the exit side of
the selected tray. The feed clutch is then turned OFF and feeding from the tray is complete.
(5) The paper is then transported to the copier by the transport rollers. If the trailing edge of the previous
sheet still remains at the transport sensor when the leading edge of the paper reaches the feed sensor,
the transport clutch is turned OFF to stop the transport of the paper at that time.
(6) The trailing edge of the paper turns the feed sensor OFF. These are located right next to the exit side of
the selected tray. The selected tray then becomes ready for feeding the next sheet of paper, and the
procedures (2) to (5) are repeated.
(7) When the copying operation is completed, the drum motor, the tandem LCF transport motor and transport
clutch are turned OFF and the transport roller is stopped.
(E-4) Error detection
a) Jam detection
(1) A paper jam occurs in the following cases.
a. Feed sensor is not turned ON within a specified time after the feeding has started.
b. The leading edge of the paper does not pass the feed sensor in the transport path within a fixed
time.
(2) Open the feed side lower cover and remove all the paper remaining on the transport path and close the
cover to clear the jammed paper. If either of the feed sensors is still ON when the cover is closed, it is
determined that there is still paper on the transport path and the paper jam status is not canceled.
(3) When a paper jam occurs in the paper feeder during multiple copying, the sheet that was fed before the
jam is copied normally.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 8
b) Call for service
(1) When the tandem LCF tray-up sensor is not turned ON even through a specified time has passed since
the tray started to be raised, it is assumed that the tray cannot be used (there is no paper) and the
corresponding message is displayed on the control panel.
(2) When the tandem LCF tray bottom sensor is not turned ON even through a specified time has passed
since the tray started to be lowered, it is assumed that the tray cannot be used (there is no paper) and
the corresponding message is displayed on the control panel.
(3) When the end fence stop position sensor is not turned ON even through a specified time has passed
since the end fence started to move the paper in the standby side tray, it is assumed that the tray
cannot be used (there is no paper) and the corresponding message is displayed on the control panel.
(4) When the end fence home position sensor is not turned ON even through a specified time has passed
since the end fence started to move the paper in the standby side, it is assumed that the tray cannot
be used (there is no paper) and the corresponding message is displayed on the control panel.
(5) The states (1) to (4) are cleared by removing the tray unit.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 9
9. 4. Drive Circuit for Tray-up Motor
Cassette tray-up motor (MOT)
: Driven by IC72 (tray-up motor 1) and IC36 (tray-up motor 2)
(LGC: TA8428)
Block diagram of TA8428
Thermal shutdown overcurrent protection circuit
Control logic
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IN1
IN2
M(+)
GND
M(–)
N.C.
VCC
IN1 and IN2 are input terminals to receive the signals from the microcomputer. The control logic, based on
the signals from the microcomputer, controls the rotation direction and ON/OFF of the motor.
Input
Output
Remarks
IN1
IN2
M (+)
M (–)
H
H
L
L
BRAKE
L
H
L
H
CW
H
L
H
L
CCW
L
L
OFF (high impedance) STOP
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 10
9. 5. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] Feed unit
(A-1) Pickup roller/Feed roller/Separation roller
(1) Remove the feed side rear cover.
(2) Open the feed side center cover and disconnect
1 connector.
Connector
(3) Remove 2 pins and lift the bypass feed unit with
the feed side center cover to take off.
(4) Open the feed side bottom cover and lift it to
take off.
(5) Pull out the cassette or tandem LCF completely.
Note: With failing that, sensors may be damaged.
(6) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 3 screws and
take off the feed unit.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 11
(7) Remove 1 clip and take off the pickup roller.
(8) Remove 3 screws and take off the guide.
Clip
(9) Remove 1 clip and take off the feed roller.
Feed roller
(10)Remove 1 clip and take off the separation roller.
Clip
Separation roller
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 12
(A-2) Empty sensor/Tray-up sensor/Transport sensor
Connector
(1) Disconnect 1 connector and take off the empty/
tray-up sensors.
Empty sensor
Tray-up sensor
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the transport sensor.
Note: Make sure to put on the spring properly after
replacing the sensors.
Spring
Spring
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 13
(A-3) Feed clutch/Transport clutch
(1) Release the harness from the harness clamp.
Then remove 1 screw and take off the clutch
cover.
Clutch cover
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 E-ring for
each clutch and take off the feed and transport
Transport clutch
clutches.
Harness: purple
Notes: 1. When installing the clutches, pay attention
to the color of harness and fit the stoppers
on them completely.
2. Make sure that the E-rings are tightly fit not
to be loosen and one end of E-ring does not
ride too much on the flat part of shaft.
Harness: black
Feed clutch
Bracket
(A-4) Pickup solenoid
(1) Remove the feed unit for the tandem LCF.
(2) Release the feed clutch and transport clutch.
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off 2 brackets and 2
guides.
Guide
Guide
(4) Remove 1 screw and take off the bracket.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 14
(5) Remove 4 screws (2 in the front and 2 in the
rear side) and take off the guide.
E-ring
Remove 2 E-rings (1 in the front and 1 in the
rear side) and take off the transport roller.
REAR
E-ring
FRONT
(6) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screw and
take off the solenoid.
[B] Transport unit
(1) Disconnect 1 connector and remove 2 screws
to take off the transport unit.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 15
Connector
(2) Remove 1 E-ring, disconnect 1 connector and
release the intermediate transport clutch.
Note: 1. When installing the clutch, fit the stopper on
it completely.
2. Make sure that the E-rings are tightly fit not
to be loosen and one end of E-ring does not
ride too much on the flat part of shaft.
[C] Bypass feed unit
(1) Remove the bypass feed unit.
(2) Remove 1 clip and 1 bushing and displace the
bypass transport roller.
Clip
Bushing
(3) Remove 2 clips and 1 bushing and take off the
pickup/feed roller unit.
Clip
(4) Remove 3 clips and take off the pickup roller.
(5) Remove 3 clips and take off the feed roller.
One-way clutch
Feed roller
Notes: 1. When installing the rollers, be careful not to
use the bushing of a wrong material.
2. Install the feed roller for the one-way clutch
to come to the rear side.
Plastic bushing
Pickup roller
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 16
Metal bushing
Bypass feed clutch
(6) Remove 1 clip, disconnect 1 connector, take off
1 harness band and release the bypass feed
clutch.
Clip
Harness band
(7) Remove 5 screws, disconnect 1 connector and
Connector
take off the stay.
(8) Disconnect 1 connector and remove 2 screws
to take off the solenoid.
Notes: 1. When installing the solenoid, install it for the
edge of the solenoid to get in phase with the
edges of the plate.
2. When installing the solenoid, fix it at the
Bosses
position where the bosses of two gears are
put each other.
3. Put on the spring in the place shown by the
figure.
Spring
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 17
(9) Remove 4 screws and take off the guide.
(10)Remove 1 clip, displace the shaft and take off
the separation roller.
Separation roller
Clip
(11)Remove 2 screws for each bracket and release
2 fixing brackets. Then take off the bypass tray.
Fixing bracket
(12)Remove 3 screws, release 4 latches and take
off the bypass tray upper cover.
Bypass tray upper cover
Latch
Latch
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 18
(13)Remove 1 screw and take off the plate spring.
(14)Remove 1 screw (as shown with the white arrow)
from the back side and release the bracket.
Bracket
Earth plate spring
(15)Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the paper size detection sensor board.
Paper size detection sensor board
Connector
Note: When installing the bracket, install it so that the
Pointer
pointer of the bracket comes to the position where
it has been before being removed.
Notes: Pay attention to the following things when setting
up the bypass feed roller and pickup roller.
1. Put the clip in the groove of the shaft
completely.
Feeding
direction
Feed roller
2. Make sure there is no adhesion of oil and
such on the timing belt, pulley and roller.
3. Be careful not to install the bypass pickup
roller and feed roller in a wrong direction.
Pickup roller
Separation roller
4. Install the feed roller for the one-way clutch
to come to the rear side.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 19
[D] Tray drive unit
(1) Remove the rear cover and take off the power
supply unit.
(2) Remove 4 screws and take off the tray drive
unit.
(3) Turn over the tray drive unit. Then release 6
Latch
latches and take off the cover.
Note: Since the spring inside the tray drive unit is
forcing the cover to extend, be careful when taking
off the cover.
Latch
(4) Remove the tray-up motor.
Note: Make sure the bosses of the gear fit into the
hole of the cover when installing the unit.
Boss
Tray-up motor
[E] Feed motor
(1) Remove the rear cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws and
take off the feed motor.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 20
[F] Feed drive unit
(1) Remove the power supply unit.
(2) Remove 3 screws and take off the power cable
connecting section.
(3) Remove 6 screws and take off the feed drive
unit.
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 21
[G] Tandem LCF
(G-1) Feed side front guide
(1) Remove 2 screws fixing the feed side front guide.
(2) Lift the paper guide a little and insert it in the
groove of the paper size marking. Then tighten
up the screw after confirming the screw hole
position.
Paper size marking
A4
LT
(G-2) Feed side rear guide
(1) Remove 2 screws fixing the feed side rear guide.
(2) Lift the paper guide a little and insert it in the
groove of the paper size marking. Then tighten
up the screw after confirming the screw hole
position.
Paper size marking
LT
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 22
A4
(G-3) Standby side front guide
(1) Remove 1 screw fixing the standby side front
guide and move the guide toward the
direction of the white arrow.
(2) Lift the paper guide a little and insert it in the
groove of the paper size marking. Then tighten
up the screw after confirming the screw hole
position.
LT
A4
(G-4) Standby side rear guide
(1) Remove 1 screw fixing the standby side rear
guide and move the guide toward the direction
of the white arrow.
(2) Lift the paper guide a little and insert it in the
groove of the paper size marking. Then tighten
up the screw after confirming the screw hole
position.
LT
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 23
A4
(G-5) Standby side paper mis-stacking detection
sensor
(1) Remove 2 screws and release the sensor
bracket.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector.
(3) Release the latches and take off the sensor.
Latch
(G-6) End fence home position sensor/Standby side
empty sensor
(1) Disconnect 1 connector and release the harness
from the clamp.
(2) Remove 1 screw fixing the standby side rear
guide. Then move the guide toward the direction
of the white arrow and take it off.
Connector
Clamp
(3) Remove 1 screw and release the bracket.
(4) Disconnect the connector.
(5) Release the latches from the back side of the
tandem LCF cassette, and take off the end fence
home position sensor and standby side empty
sensor.
Standby side empty sensor
End fence home position sensor
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 24
(G-7) End fence stop position sensor
(1) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
release the bracket.
(2) Release the latches and take off the sensor.
Note: Remember that the position where the end fence
stop position sensor is installed depends on a
[A4 size]
[LT size]
End fence stop position sensor
Feed side
paper size.
Bracket
(G-8) End fence motor
(1) Disconnect 1 connector.
(2) Remove 3 screws, and take off the end fence
motor.
Connector
AR-651/810 PAPER FEEDING SECTION 9 - 25
End fence motor
Standby
side
10. PROCESS SECTION
10. 1. Construction
This chapter describes the image formation process related units, parts and control circuit, etc. Mainly
included in this chapter are the followings.
• Main charger
• Charger wire cleaner
• Discharge lamp
• Ozone filter
• High-voltage transformer
• Surface potential sensor
• Exhaust duct
The drum/cleaner unit, developer unit and transfer belt unit are described in other chapters.
Main charger
Charger wire cleaner
Discharge lamp
Surface potential sensor
[Sectional view]
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 1
10. 2. Functions
(1) Drum
The drum is a cylindrical aluminum base which has thinly applied to it an organic photosensitive material. The photosensitive material produces an electrical current when exposed to light. The amount of
current produced is indirect proportion to the light intensity and exposure time.
(2) Main charger
The main charger is configured by stretching a thin wire between two insulation blocks provided at both
ends of the U-shaped metal housing.
When a high voltage is applied to the charger wire, the air around the wire is ionized (electro-statically
charged), and this ionized air is attracted onto the drum’s surface. This phenomenon is referred to as a
“corona discharge”. In the dark, the surface of the drum is negatively (–) charged by the corona discharge of the main charger.
(3) Charger wire cleaner
The charger wire cleaner removes contamination collected on the charger wire. It moves backward and
forward to clean the charger wire after the power is turned ON and more than 2000 continuous copies
have been made since the door switch was turned ON or the previous cleaning operation was performed.
(4) Discharge lamp
Discharging is the process of reducing or eliminating unwanted electrostatic charges on the drum.
The discharge lamp has two effects, a cleaning effect and pre-exposure effect. By the cleaning effect, it
neutralizes and eliminates the residual charges on the drum surface by exposing it to light. The preexposure effect ensures a fixed drum surface potential before the next charging process.
(5) Ozone filter
The ozone filter decomposes ozone by exposing it to activated charcoll the ozone has been generated
through the corona discharge of the main charger, and is forced through the filter by the exhaust fan.
(6) Surface potential sensor
The surface potential sensor detects the surface potential of the OPC drum and controls it to keep the
copy quality constant.
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 2
10. 3. Charger Wire Cleaner Operational Circuit
(1) Role of the charger wire cleaner circuit
This circuit is for cleaning the main charger wire. It reciprocates the wire cleaner regularly to avoid
a poor charging and irregularities of the drum.
(2) Configuration of the charger wire cleaning circuit
• Wire cleaner drive motor
: Driving of the wire cleaner
• Wire cleaner stop position switch : Detection of the wire cleaner reaching the limit (rear side)
• Control section
: Controlling of the cleaner drive unit and cleaning of the wire
[Front side]
[Rear side]
Control section
PWA-F-LGC-340/341/342
Wire cleaner
Wire cleaner
drive motor
MCLSW-0
stop position
Gate
Main
array
CPU
switch
Motor
CLMTA-0
CLMTB-0
driver
Wire cleaner
Main charger wire
IC58
IC56
IC9
Drive unit control signal
Signal
Status
CLMTA-0
CLMTB-0
Wire cleaner
“L” level
“L” level
OFF
drive motor
“H” level
“L” level
Reverse rotation (Home position limit)
“L” level
“H” level
Forward rotation (Limit Home position)
“H” level
“H” level
Brake
Stop position switch input signal
Signal
MCLSW-0 (Stop position switch)
Status
“H” level
“L” level
Not detected
Detected
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 3
10. 4. High-voltage Transformer Output Control Circuit
10. 4. 1. General description
The high-voltage transformer output control circuit is a circuit that generates the output control voltage
(Vc) for the main charger (Main), transfer belt power supply roller (Transfer), drum cleaning brush (Brush)
and developer bias (Developer).
It changes the output current linearity by changing the Vc.
10. 4. 2. Operation
PWA-F-LGC-340/341/342
BC-RAM
PS-HVT-340
Adjustment
mode
Main CPU
Digital
Gate data
array
IC27
Analog
data
Vc
Main
Transfer
Developer
Output
IC18
IC58
•
D/A
conerter
IC56
Each adjustment value of the Main, Transfer and Developer in the BC-RAM is output to the main
CPU.
The Vc data is output to the D/A converter from the main CPU.
•
The data is converted into the analog data at the D/A converter.
•
The Vc is output to the Main, Transfer, and Developer transformer.
•
The Main, Transfer, and Developer transformer generate an output current or voltage which is
•
proportional to the Vc.
* The adjustment of the Vc (changing of the adjusted data) is carried out at the adjustment mode.
* The output value of the drum cleaning brush bias is fixed when the high-voltage transformer is
delivered to the market.
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 4
J347-2 HVTVR
D/A
converter
J347-8 HVDVR
J347-5 HVMVR
Gate
array
IC18
IC56
Main CPU
BC-RAM
IC58
IC27
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 5
Transfer
Developer
Main
10. 5. Surface Potential Sensor
10. 5. 1. General description
The surface potential sensor detects the surface potential of the photoconductive drum and controls it to
keep constant.
10. 5. 2. Construction
The surface potential is controlled by the following construction.
• Surface potential sensor
: Detecting the surface potential of the photoconductive drum
• Control section
: Controlling to keep the surface potential constant
• High-voltage transformer
: Supplying voltage to the main charger grid
PWA-F-LGC-340/341/342
Main charger grid
Control
Surface potential sensor
voltage
High-voltage
signal
D/A converter
transformer
IC18
Gate
array
IC56
Main CPU
IC58
Photoconductive
BC-RAM
drum
IC27
10. 5. 3. Control method
(1) Surface potential correction control
The adjusted output value of the main grid voltage in the BC-RAM is output to the main CPU.
Then control voltage data is output to the D/A converter from the main CPU through the gate
array.
The data is converted into the analog data by the D/A converter and then amplified.
The control voltage of the main output is output to the high-voltage transformer.
The high-voltage transformer outputs the main grid voltage proportionate to the control voltage.
The surface potential sensor detects the potential on the photoconductive drum and gives it
feedback to the main CPU.
The potential is compared to the control allowable level specified in the BC-RAM.
If the potential is out of the control allowable level, the main grid voltage to be changed is
calculated from the difference between the targeted value and detection value.
The output value of the main grid voltage is changed.
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 6
(2) Conrol during warming-up
When the warming-up begins, the control is carried out following (1) at the previous page and the
warming-up ends within the control allowable level.
(3) Control when finishing printing job
When the printing job has finished, the control is carried out following (1) at the previous page and the
printing operation ends within the control allowable level.
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 7
10. 6. Disassembly and Replacement
Main charger
[A] Main charger
(1) Open the front cover and take off the front
side right inner cover, toner cartridge drive
Chap.12.6)
unit and toner recycle unit. (
(2) Remove 1 screw and pull out the main
charger.
(3) Push the button to release the tension of the
Main charger grid
main charger grid and take off the grid.
(4) Release 1 latch and take off the front side
Terminal cover
terminal cover.
Latch
(5) Release 2 latches and take off the rear side
terminal cover.
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 8
Latch
Terminal cover
(6) Pull up the terminal, release the spring,
Terminal
unhook the rear side hook and take off the
charger wire.
Charger wire
(7) Remove 1 screw and take off the cleaning
Spring
Cleaning pad
pad.
Note: When installing the cleaning pad, install it so
that the charger wire go through the pad side.
Pad
Wire
[B] Wire cleaner drive unit
Main charger
(1) Remove the main charger and cleaner unit.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the charger guide.
Charger guide
Cleaner unit
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 9
(3) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws and
Wire cleaner drive motor
take off the wire cleaner drive motor with the
bracket.
(4) Remove 2 screws and take off the motor.
(5) Disconnect 2 connectors, remove 1 screw and
take off the wire cleaner stop position switch.
Purple
Black
45
Connector
A
Note: When installing the switch, fix it with pushing it
toward the arrow 훽. Also, pay attention to the
color of the harness when connecting the
connectors to the terminals, and then bend the
terminals 45 degrees.
[C] Discharge lamp
(1) Remove the main charger and cleaner unit.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw
and take off the discharge lamp.
Connector
[D] Ozone filter
(1) Remove 1 screw and pull out the ozone filter
at the exit side.
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 10
[E] Surface potential sensor
(1) Take off the developer unit, main charger,
cleaner unit and control panel bottom cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the bracket.
Bracket
(3) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the surface potential sensor.
Connector
Surface potential sensor
[F] Temperature/humidity sensor
(1) Take off the control panel unit (
Chap.5.5).
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the temperature humidity sensor.
Temperature/humidity sensor
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 11
[G] Exhaust duct
Clamp
Connector
(1) Take off the exit side upper cover and open
the exit cover.
(2) Disconnect 3 connectors and release the
harnesses from 4 clamps.
(3) Unhook the exhaust duct with sliding it toward
the front side and pull it out.
Connector
(4) Disconnect 1 connector and pull out the duct
Duct out fan
out fan.
(5) Remove 2 screws and take off the exit fan
with the bracket.
(6) Remove 2 screws and release the exit fan
from the bracket.
Exit fan
AR-651/810 PROCESS SECTION 10 - 12
11. DRUM/CLEANER UNIT
11. 1. Construction
This chapter describes about the drum and cleaner unit related units, parts, control circuit, etc.
The cleaner unit consists of the drive section, cleaning section, recovered toner transport section,
image quality sensor, drum separation finger, etc.
Drum cleaning blade
Drum thermistor
Drum
Drum cleaning brush
Recovered toner
transport auger
Drum recovery blade
Image quality sensor
Drum separation finger
[Sectional view]
G16
G17/30
G25
G15
[Drive system]
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 1
11. 2. Functions
(1) Drum cleaning blade
It is pushed to the drum with a certain pressure by a weight and scrapes off the residual toner on the
drum surface. The pressure is released and the blade is separated from the drum by turning the cam
manually.
(2) Drum recovery blade
It catches the toner scraped by the drum cleaning blade.
(3) Recovered toner transport auger
It transports the scraped toner to the recycle unit.
(4) Drum separation finger
It is pushed to the drum by a solenoid only when the leading edge of the paper passes in order to
separate the paper which has not been separated by the transfer belt.
(5) Image quality sensor
It assesses the relative reflective rate for the test pattern (toner image) formed on the drum in order to
keep the image density and line width properly.
(6) Drum thermistor
Since the charging amount changes depending on the temperature of the drum surface, the drum
thermistor detects the temperature of the drum surface and controls to unify the charging amount.
(7) Drum cleaning brush
It eliminates the paper dusts and extraneous substance adhered to the drum surface after separating
the paper and also decrease the friction of the drum cleaning blade to lengthen its life span, which
improves the image reliability.
11. 3. Drum Temperature Detection Circuit
+5V
R33
R32
Main
CPU
Thermistor
C186
IC58
Drum temperature detection circuit
At this detection circuit, the voltage gained by the R33 and thermistor is input into the A/D converter of
IC 58 to detect the drum surface temperature.
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 2
11. 4. Image Quality Control
11. 4. 1. General description
This copier carries out the image quality control with the image quality sensor. The image quality control
is for changing the image formation condition to minimize the changing of the image density and line
width caused by the environment and life.
The image quality sensor detects the density of the test pattern developed on the drum, and the image
formation condition is changed depending on the result.
11. 4. 2. Principle of sensor
The image quality sensor applies the light to the drum and toner image (test pattern) developed on the
drum and outputs the voltage corresponding to its reflected light amount.
A relative reflectivity is assessed by the reflected light amount obtained by the image quality sensor.
Image quality sensor
Light source intensity signal
Reflected light intensity signal
Light emitting element
Light sensing element
Test pattern
(toner image)
Drum
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 3
11. 4. 3. Outline of control
Start controlling (e.g. during the pre-running after the power has been turned ON)
촞
[1] Setting of the reference image formation condition
촞
[2] Adjustment of the sensor light source
촞
[3] Formation of the test pattern
촞
[4] Reading of the value for the image quality sensor
촞
[5] Determination
Back to [3]
(Is the toner amount of the test pattern within the permissible amount?)
NO
[6] Changing of the image formation condition
YES
[7] Finish controlling
(Reflecting the determined image formation condition to the following printing)
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 4
11. 4. 4. Construction
•
Image quality sensor
: Emitting of the light which corresponds to the light control
voltage to output the voltage which corresponds to the
reflective light amount for the toner image on the drum
•
D/A converter
: Outputting of the light source light control voltage
•
Laser optical unit
: Carrying out the test pattern exposure to form the toner image
•
A/D converter
: Converting of the sensor output voltage into the digital value
•
Image formation process system
: Charging/Laser exposuring/Developing
•
CPU
: Carrying out of the procedure [1]~[7] described in the previous
page
Image formation process system
Laser exposure
Main charger
Developing
Drum
Image quality sensor
Test pattern
Reflected light
Light source
amount signal
amount signal
A/D
D/A
Various image
formation conditions
Main CPU
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 5
11. 5. Disassembly and Replacement
Cleaner unit
[A] Cleaner unit
Main charger
(1) Open the front cover and take off the front
side right inner cover, toner cartridge drive
unit, toner recycle unit, developer unit and
main charger.
(2) Remove 2 screws and pull out the cleaner
unit.
[B] Drum thermistor/Drum
Connector
(1) Disconnect 1 connector and remove 1 screw.
Drum thermistor
Then take off the drum thermistor with the
bracket.
(2) Turn the cam to release the pressure of the
Drum shaft
cleaning blade.
(3) Remove 1 screw and take off the drum shaft.
Cam
(4) Pull out the drum upward.
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 6
(5) Remove 3 screws and take off the front side
flange.
(6) Pull out the drum upward.
[C] Cleaning blade
Cleaner top cover
(1) Pull out the drum.
(2) Remove 4 screws and take off the cleaner top
cover.
(3) Turn over the cleaning blade with holding the
bracket.
(4) Remove 1 screw.
(5) Pull out the cleaning blade with holding each
foot of 2 screws.
Foot of screw
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 7
[D] Recovery blade
Recovery blade
(1) Remove the recovery blade.
Notes: 1. The recovery blade is attached with a
double-faced tape, so remove the tape
completely before attaching a new blade.
Recovery blade
2. Attach the recovery blade fitting its
A
bottom edge into the notch of the cleaner
frame.
Cleaner flame
Drum surface
[E] Cleaning brush
(1) Pull out the rear side holding shaft and take
off the cleaning brush.
Holding shaft
Cleaning brush
[F] Drum separation finger
(1) Remove 2 screws and take off the plate at the
rear side.
Plate
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 8
(2) Remove 1 E-ring and take off the cam.
E-ring
Cam
(3) Move the shaft of the separation finger toward
the rear side and pull it out.
(4) Remove the screws and pull out the
separation fingers from the shaft.
Separation finger
[G] Image quality sensor
(1) Remove 2 screws and take off the sensor with
the bracket.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the image
quality sensor.
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 9
Connector
[H] Drum motor
(1) Remove the rear cover and take off the SYS
Drum wheel
board and hard disk with the bracket.
(2) Remove 3 screws and take off the drum
wheel.
(3) Disconnect 1 connector and remove 3 screws
to take off the drum motor with the bracket.
Drum motor
(4) Remove 3 screws and take off the motor.
Note: When installing the drum motor, fix it keeping
the bracket in the direction of the white arrow.
AR-651/810 DRUM/CLEANER UNIT 11 - 10
Connector
12. DEVELOPER UNIT
12. 1. Construction
This chapter describes about the following units related to the development process, parts, control
circuit, etc.
• Toner cartridge drive unit
• Toner recycle unit
• Developer unit
Developer material
Mixer unit
Paddle
Transport sleeve (magnetic roller)
Upper/Lower developer sleeve
Doctor blade
Auto-toner sensor
Scattered toner recovery roller
• Developer unit drive section
Upper developer sleeve
Lower developer sleeve
Transport sleeve
Drum
Doctor blade
Mixer unit
Auto-toner sensor
Scattered toner recovery roller
Paddle
[Developer unit sectional view]
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 1
12. 2. Functions
(1) Toner cartridge drive unit
The toner cartridge is filled with toner and supplies it to the developer unit with the driving of the new
toner supply motor.
(2) Toner recycle unit
This copier takes a toner recycle method. The toner recovered from the drum surface with the
cleaner is transported to the developer unit by the toner recycle unit and then reused.
(3) Developer unit
a. Developer material
The developer material consists of the carrier and toner. The carrier is made up of the
electrically conductive ferrite which ranges in size from 30~100µm and the toner is made up of
the resin particles ranges in size from 5~20µm. Since the developer material gets deteriorated
over time with use, regular replacement is needed.
b. Mixer unit
When stirring the developer material, the carrier and toner create a static charge when mixed,
the carrier develops a positive (+) charge and the toner develops a negative (–) charge. The toner
adheres to the drum surface as a result of the electrostatic force.
c. Paddle
The paddle supplies the developer material stirred with the mixer unit to the transport sleeve
and gets the material separated from the lower developer sleeve back to the mixer.
d. Transport sleeve/Developer sleeve (magnetic roller)
These rollers are made of aluminum each having a magnet inside. With this magnet, the developer
material is absorbed to form the magnetic brush. The magnet is fixed, so only its ambient sleeve
rotates. By this rotation, the developer material is transported to the developer sleeve from the
transport sleeve. Then the magnetic brush formed at the developer sleeve moves on the drum
surface like a sweeping broom and the development is carried out.
e. Doctor blade
This is for controlling the amount of the developer material which is to be transported from the
transport sleeve so that the magnetic brush can get in touch with the drum surface properly.
f. Auto-toner sensor
To output a normal image, the proportion (toner density ratio) of the carrier and toner in the
developer material must remain constant. The auto-toner sensor detects the toner ratio in the
developer material via the magnetic bridge circuit and supplies the toner from the toner cartridge
and recycle toner hopper by driving the new toner supply motor and recycle toner hopper motor
when the toner starts to run short.
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 2
g. Scattered toner recovery roller
This is a roller for trapping and recovering the toner scattered from the developer sleeve not to
get outside of the developer unit.
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 3
12. 3. Developer Unit Drive
Upper developer sleeve gear
Idle gear
Idle gear
(G24)
Mixer gear 1
(G17)
(G20)
(G45/G24)
Drive input gear
Mixer gear 2
Rear paddle gear
(G45)
(G31)
Lower developer sleeve gear
(G27)
(G17)
[Rear side]
Transport sleeve gear
(G23)
Idle gear
(G19)
Scattered toner
Idle gear
Idle gear
recovery roller gear
(G20)
(G30/16)
(G20)
[Front side]
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 4
Front paddle gear
(G18/16)
Developer unit drive
Motor shaft
G10
Idle gear
G48
P25
Idle gear
P25
Developer unit
Paddle
G25
Drive input gear
G27
Idle gear
G24
Rear paddle gear
G31
Idle gear
G20
Lower and upper
developer sleeves
G17
Front paddle gear
G18
Idle gear
G19
Transport
sleeve
G23
Copier rear side drive
Rear side
Mixer-1
G24
Mixer-2
G45
G45
G18
Idle
gear G16
Idle G30
gear
G16
Idle gear
G20
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 5
Scattered toner
recovery roller
G20
Front side
12. 4. Motor Drive Circuit
12. 4. 1. New toner supply motor
The new toner supply motor (brush motor) is a motor for supplying toner to the developer unit from the
toner cartridge. It is driven by the motor driver IC38, and its circuit configuration is shown in the
following.
TRSM1A-0
Motor
driver
Gate array
TRSM1B-0
New toner supply motor
IC38
IC56
Signal level for motor circuit
Signal
State
TRSM1A-0 TRSM1B-0
Level
L
L
OFF
H
L
CW (when supplying toner)
L
H
CCW (detecting cartridge installation)
H
H
Brake
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 6
12. 4. 2. Developer motor
FG pulse
5.1V
Wave
shaping
DEVCK
Reference
requency
V-phase
Phase
comparator
Difference
Current
detection
circuit
Speed
comparator
Difference
Control
signal
+24VA
DEVON
Rotation
control
U-phase
Excited
phase
switching
unit
W-phase
C
A
B
Developer motor
(M13)
Roter
position
detector
A, B, C: Hall element
(1) The LGC transmits control signals for the developer motor rotation (DEVON: motor rotation command).
(2) The excitation phase switching unit excites each phase on the developer motor. Developer motor
rotates.
(3) Hall elements A to C are used to detect the rotational position of the motor (rotor).
(4) The excitation phase switching unit switches the excitation for each phase. (By repeating steps (2)
through (4) above, the motor keeps rotating.)
(5) The FG pulse is generated by the rotation of the developer motor.
(6) The phases and velocities of the FG pulse and the reference frequency from the LGC are compared,
and the differences are added. Further to this are added the fluctuations in the power supply voltage
(signal generation).
(7) Changes the switching timing for the excitation phase switching unit to match the signal amount
obtained in step (6).
That is, the FG pulse and reference frequency are controlled to be equal. The developer motor
rotates at a constant speed (locked range state).
(8) When the DEVON signal changes to “H” level, the developer motor stops.
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 7
<Control signals>
(1) DEVCK signal (LGC DEV-MOT: input)
This signal is a reference clock signal for the developer motor to rotate at a fixed speed. The frequency
of the reference clock is 821.2Hz.
When the cycle of the FG pulse deviation from the reference frequency is within +6.25%, this state is
specified as lock range (normal rotation). Also, at this time, the LED “D4” light comes ON.
(2) DEVON signal (LGC DEV-MOT: input)
This signal is the motor ON/OFF control signal. When it becomes “L” level, the motor rotates.
Signal level for motor circuit
Signal
DEVCK
DEVON
“H” level
“L” level
Reference clock (821.2Hz)
Motor OFF
Motor ON
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 8
12. 5. Auto-toner Sensor Circuit
12. 5. 1. General description
(1) Functions of auto-toner circuit
• Detection of the toner density in the developer material
~ density lowered 촞toner supplied
• Detection of the toner being empty in the toner cartridge
(2) Configuration of auto-toner circuit
• Auto-toner sensor
: Detecting the toner density
• Control section
: Controlling to keep the developer material toner density constant
• New toner supply motor
: Supplying new toner to the developer material
• Display unit
: Displaying the toner empty status
• Recycle toner hopper motor
: Supplying the recycle toner to the developer material
Operation/control section
PWA-SYS
BC-RAM
IC32
Control panel
GA
IC27
Display unit
Recycle toner hopper
Hopper
motor
Recycle
toner
CPU
IC6
Toner cartridge
New
toner
Toner
motor
Control
voltage
signal
Auto-toner sensor
D/A
converter
IC18
MB88347
PWA-LGC
GA
IC56
LCA301
Main
Toner density signal
TA8428
IC38
Developer material
Developer unit
TA8428
IC37
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 9
CPU
IC58
95C063F
12. 5. 2. Operation of auto-toner sensor
(1) Functions of the auto-toner sensor
a. Initializing function: When the copier is set up or when the developer material is replaced
The automatic adjustment is made so that the output of the auto-toner sensor (input value of the
main CPU) will be 2.45 to 2.55V for the toner density of new developer material.
b. Toner density stabilizing function: During the printing operation
Through the following phases, the toner density is kept constant.
Toner consumed
촞 Toner density decreased
촞 Output change of the auto-toner sensor depending on the humidity detected
촞 Recycle toner hopper and new toner supply motor driven
촞 Toner supplied to the developer unit from the recycle toner hopper and toner cartridge
c. Toner-empty detection, release function
Toner-empty detection in the toner cartridge.
New toner supply motor driven
촞 Output of the auto-toner sensor not changed
촞 Toner density not changed
촞 Toner-empty detected
Toner-empty release
New toner supply motor driven
촞 Toner supplied from the toner cartridge
촞 Output of the auto-toner sensor changed
촞 Toner density recovering to its normal value
촞 Toner-empty released
(2) Operation of the auto-toner sensor
The auto-toner sensor is composed of the following circuits.
Drive winding
: Magnetic head (primary side) with a high-frequency magnetic field,
which forms a magnetic circuit in the developer material
Detection winding
: Receiving the changes in the magnetic resistance of the developer
material via a magnetic circuit (secondary side)
DC conversion circuit : Converting the high-frequency output from the detection winding to a
DC signal
Magnetic resistance
Drive
Detection
winding
winding
Auto-toner output
DC
Main CPU
conversion
circuit
VATS
(LGC)
(Developer material)
Magnetic circuit
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 10
When the toner density is low:
Toner ratio to the carrier in the developer material decreased
촞 Magnetic resistance decreased
촞 Detection output increased
촞 Auto-toner output VATS increased
When the toner density is high:
Toner ratio to the carrier in the developer material increased
촞 Magnetic resistance increased
촞 Detection output decreased
촞 Auto-toner output VATS decreased
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 11
12. 6. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] Toner cartridge drive unit
(A-1) Toner cartridge drive unit
(1) Open the front cover and take off the toner
cartridge and front side inner cover.
(2) Loosen 1 screw and take off the bracket.
(3) Disconnect 1 connector.
(4) Pull down the fixing pin and turn it 90 degrees.
Fixing pin
(5) Pull out the toner cartridge drive unit about 30
degrees and take it off toward the direction of
the arrow.
(A-2) Toner cartridge switch
Top cover
(1) Disconnect 2 connectors, remove 2 screws
and take off the toner cartridge switch.
(A-3) New toner supply motor
(1) Remove 3 screws and take off the top cover.
Toner cartridge switch
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws
and take off the new toner supply motor.
New toner
supply motor
Connector
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 12
[B] Toner recycle unit
(B-1) Toner recycle unit
(1) Remove the toner cartridge drive unit.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the toner
recycle unit.
Notes: 1. Be careful when treating this unit because
the toner is liable to be spilled out from the
connecting section among the toner
recycle unit, cleaner unit and developer
unit.
2. When installing the toner recycle unit, put
the window of the toner recycle unit
shutter section and protrusion of the
developer unit together.
3. Be careful not to give vibrations as less as
possible when removing/installing the
Protrusion
toner recycle unit, for they may cause
stains on images. Especially, the images
are more likely to be stained when the
remaining toner in the toner cartridge is
decreased.
(B-2) Recycle toner transport motor/Hopper motor
Connector
(1) Disconnect 2 connectors.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the transport
motor.
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off the hopper motor.
Hopper motor
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 13
Transport motor
[D] Developer unit
Developer unit
(1) Remove the toner cartridge drive unit and
toner recycle unit.
(2) Turn the L-shaped shaft upward to release the
lock.
(3) Disconnect 1 connector and pull out the
developer unit to the front side.
L-shaped
shaft
[E] Developer material
Top cover
(1) Remove the developer unit.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the top cover.
(3) Tilt the developer unit and get out the
developer material with turning the rear side
Gear
gear.
(4) Put in a new material.
(5) Turn the rear side gear several times to
uniform the material.
Gear
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 14
Note: When installing the top cover, insert the latches
completely and be careful not to catch up
the urethane seal. Also, pay attention to the lap
of the urethane sheets.
[F] Doctor blade
(1) Remove the developer material.
Doctor blade
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the doctor
blade.
Note: When installing the doctor blade, put the both
Protrusion
edges of it against the protrusions at the front
and rear side frames, and tighten up the
screws to fix it.
This procedure makes it unnecessary to adjust
the doctor-sleeve gap.
[G] Auto-toner sensor
(1) Remove the developer material.
Auto-toner sensor
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the auto-toner
sensor.
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 15
[H] Guide roller
(1) Remove the developer unit.
(H-1) Front side
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the bracket and
3 gears.
Bracket
(3) Remove 1 E-ring and take off the spring.
(4) Remove 2 E-rings and take off 2 guide rollers.
Guide roller
Spring
E-ring
E-ring
(H-2) Rear side
Bias connector
Bushing
(5) Remove 1 E-ring and take off the gear.
(6) Remove 1 E-ring and 1 spring and take off the
bushing.
(7) Remove 4 screws, take off the rear side frame
and disconnect the bias connector.
Gear
(8) Remove the bias plate and spring.
Spring
Spring
(9) Remove 2 E-rings and take off 2 guide rollers.
Guide roller
Note: When installing the guide roller, pay attention
to its color (upside: white, downside: black).
Bias plate
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 16
E-ring
[I] Scattered toner recovery roller/Developer
sleeves (magnetic roller)
(1) Remove 3 screws and take off the front side
plate.
Front side plate
(2) Remove the scattered toner recovery roller.
Developer sleeve holder
(3) Remove 2 screws of the front side developer
sleeve holder.
Scattered toner recovery roller
(4) Remove the bearing and E-ring and take off
Developer sleeve holder
the gear and parallel pin.
(5) Remove 2 screws of the rear side developer
sleeve holder.
(6) Remove both the upper and lower developer
sleeves with the holders.
Bearing, E-ring,
Gear, Parallel pin
(7) Take off 2 pole position fixing bushings and
Pole position fixing bushing
remove 2 E-rings.
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 17
(8) Remove 4 E-rings and take off 2 gears.
Developer sleeve holder
(9) Take off the developer sleeve holders at both
the front and rear sides.
Gear
(10) Remove 2 seals, 4 shield bushings and the
scraper and take off both the upper and lower
Seal
Shielded bushing
Scraper
side developer sleeves.
(11) If necessary, replace the oil seals that are
pressed in 2 rear side shield bushings.
* Procedure for replacing an oil seal:
Page 12-20
[J] Transport sleeve
Pole position fixing bushing
(1) Remove 1 screw and take off the rear side
pole position fixing bushing.
(2) Remove the front side gear, E-ring and
bearing and pull out the transport sleeve.
(3) If necessary, replace the oil seal that is
pressed in the front side of the frame.
* Procedure for replacing an oil seal:
Page 12-20
Gear
Bearing
E-ring
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 18
[K] Mixer
Gear
(1) Remove the auto toner sensor.
(2) Remove 2 E-rings and take off 2 rear side
gears.
(3) If necessary, remove 2 bearings and replace
2 oil seals that is pressed in the frame.
Note: When installing the bearing, install it after
E-ring
spreading the grease (Albania No.2) all round
the mixer shaft.
(4) Remove 2 E-rings and 2 screws and take off
Mixer nozzle
the front side mixer nozzle.
(5) Pull out 2 mixers.
(6) If necessary, replace the oil seal that is
pressed in the mixer nozzle.
* Procedure for replacing an oil seal:
Page 12-20
E-ring
[L] Paddle
(1) Remove 1 E-ring and take off the rear side
Gear
gear and parallel pin.
E-ring
(2) Remove 1 E-ring and pull out the rear side
paddle bushing.
(3) If necessary, replace the oil seal that is
pressed in the paddle bushing.
Paddle bushing
E-ring
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 19
(4) Remove the gear and 1 E-ring and take off the
E-ring
front side paddle bushing.
(5) If necessary, replace the oil seal that is
pressed in the paddle bushing.
(6) Pull out the paddle.
* Procedure for replacing an oil seal:
Page 12-20
Paddle bushing
<<Procedure for replacing an oil seal>>
In the developer unit, the oil seals are used at the
following 9 places.
• Rear side of the upper and lower developer
sleeves (1pc. for each)
• Front side transport sleeve (1pc.)
• Rear and front sides of the mixer (2pcs. for
each)
• Rear and front sides of the paddle (1pc. for
each)
An oil seal is replaced by the following steps.
1. Take off the oil seal by hooking out its inside
Inside
with a fine driver and such.
Outside
2. Push in a new oil seal parallel to the frame,
bushing and so on with paying attention to its
direction (as shown by the right figure).
Grease
3. Spread the grease (Albania No.2; about
2-rice-grain’s amount) all round the inside
Oil seal
diameter.
Note: Wipe off the grease which has run off to the
inner side of the oil seal.
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 20
[M] Developer unit motor
Connector
(1) Remove the rear cover.
(2) Remove the SYS board and hard disk with the
bracket.
(3) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 3 screws,
and take off the developer unit motor with the
bracket.
(4) Remove 2 screws and release the motor from
the bracket.
Developer unit motor
[N] Developer unit switch
(1) Remove the developer unit, main charger,
cleaner unit and control panel bottom cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the bracket.
Bracket
(3) Disconnect 2 connectors, remove 1 screw and
Developer unit switch
take off the developer unit switch.
[O] Toner filter unit
(1) Remove the feed side rear cover.
Toner filter
(2) Pull out the toner filter.
(3) Remove 2 screws and pull out the filter duct.
(4) Disconnect 1 connector of the fan.
(5) Remove 3 screws and take off the fan.
AR-651/810 DEVELOPER UNIT 12 - 21
Filter duct
13. TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT
13. 1. General Description
Transfer/Transport unit consists of the transfer belt unit, fuser unit and transport path through which a
duplex printing is carried out.
This chapter excludes the description of the fuser unit.
4 3
2
1
No.
5 6
Name
1
Follower roller
2
Power supply roller
3
Transfer belt
4
Transfer belt drive roller
5
Cleaning blush
6
Recovery auger
7
Cleaning blade
7
Fig. 1 Belt transport unit sectional view
13. 2. Operation
쩸 While the copier is ready, the transfer belt stands by at a position separated from the photosensitive
drum.
쩹 When printing starts, the transfer belt is lifted and held in contact against the photoconductive drum.
쩺 Voltage from the high-voltage transformer unit is applied to the transfer belt via the power supply roller.
쩻 As the surface of the transfer belt is electrified by a plus voltage by dielectric polarization, the paper is
held in contact by static electricity, and the processes of transfer, separation, and paper transport can
be carried out continuously.
쩼 After printing ends, the transfer belt is lowered and separated from the photoconductive drum to stand
by again.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 1
13. 3. Functions
(1) Transfer belt unit
The transfer belt is coated with a high-precision flat rubber belt and has electrical resistance. The
transfer belt unit is divided into a belt support/power supply section and a cleaning mechanism. The
belt support/power supply section supports the belt and rotates to supply power, and the cleaning
mechanism scrapes of toner from the belt surface.
(2) Transfer belt support/power supply mechanism
As shown in Figure 1, the transfer belt is supported by 3 rollers (transfer belt drive roller, follower roller
and power supply roller). Voltage having a polarity opposite to that of the toner on the photoconductive
drum is applied to the power supply roller. The current flowing to the transfer belt is controlled to a
constant current of 80µA. (Though the applied voltage changes as current is constant, the voltage
change is normally within the range +2 to +5kV.) +510 voltage is applied to the follower roller by the
varistor. A voltage probe is required for measurement. To prevent danger, do not use a digital voltmeter.
(3) Transfer belt cleaning mechanism
The cleaning mechanism has two functions, a function for scraping off residual toner and paper dust
from the belt surface by the cleaning blade and cleaning brush and transporting the used toner with the
recovery auger, and a function for bringing the transfer belt into contact with and separating from the
drum.
(4) Cleaning blade
After the paper is separated, the cleaning blade removes paper dust and foreign matter remaining on
the belt surface.
(5) Cleaning brush
The cleaning brush is electroconductive for electro-statically cleaning the toner. A voltage opposite to
that of the toner is applied to the toner. The current flowing to the brush is controlled to a constant
current of 5µA. (Though the applied voltage changes as current is constant, the voltage change is
normally within the range +100 to +500V.) A voltage probe is required for measurement. To prevent
danger, do not use a digital voltmeter.
(6) Recovery auger
The recovery auger transports the scraped toner to the used toner transport auger section.
(7) Transport guide
The transport guide guides the paper that is held in contact by static electricity to the fuser unit. It is
made of the material that prevents electrification caused by the friction with the paper.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 2
(8) Belt transport unit lock/unlock mechanism
The belt transport unit is locked inside the copier. It is structured in such a way that it is locked when
a paper jam is cleared, and can be drawn out towards you.
The belt transport unit has a function for separating the transfer belt from the drum and a function for
preventing erroneous operation of the handle when it is drawn out.
• When the handle is rotated clockwise when viewed from the front, the belt transport unit can be
drawn out horizontally.
• When the belt transport unit is inserted into the copier and the handle is rotated in counterclockwise
as seen from the front, the unit (at the vertical position) is locked.
• If the belt transport unit is not completely inserted into the copier, the handle cannot be rotated from
the horizontal position.
(9) Damp heater (for preventing condensation)
The damp heater is located under the transfer belt, and is powered when the main power switch is
turned OFF.
Standard accessories: TWD, SAD, ASD, AUD
Options: Other than the above
(10) Transfer belt drive unit
Drive is transferred from the transfer belt motor, travels via the timing belt and the relay gears, and is
transmitted to the transfer belt drive gear to rotate the drive roller. Drive is transmitted to the belt
transport unit via a gear having a planetary joint.
(11) Transfer belt contact/release mechanism
This mechanism has two functions: separating the transfer belt from the photoconductive drum when a
jam occurs and bringing the transfer belt in touch with it when copying is started.
• The rotation of cam by a driving force, which has been transmitted by the gear from the cam motor,
makes the rear side lever in the transfer belt move up and down.
• The transfer belt is separated from/brought in touch with the photoconductive drum by handling the
lever vertically.
• The cam phases are controlled by two sensors.
(12) Duplex printing transport section
When carrying out a duplex printing, reversed paper goes through this section.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 3
13. 4. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] Transfer belt unit
(1) Open the front cover, turn the handle clockwise
and pull out the transfer/transport unit.
(2) Remove 1 screw and take off the handle.
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off the cover.
(4) Disconnect 2 connectors, remove 1 clip and take
Clip
Connector
off the front side bearing. Then remove 4 screws
and take off the transfer belt unit.
Note: When installing the transfer belt unit, install it as
the lever comes under the cam.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 4
Cam
Lever
[B] Transfer belt
(1) Remove the transfer belt unit.
(2) Turn the transfer belt keeping/feeding section
90 degrees and pull it out upward.
(3) Remove 2 screws.
Note: When tightening up the screws, tighten them so
that the link plate is securely fixed by pushing it
toward the direction of the white arrows.
(4) Turn the drive roller as the picture shows.
(5) Pull out the transfer belt.
Notes: 1. When installing the transfer belt, install it
at the center not to be moved aside.
2. Do not touch the surface of the belt with bare
hands.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 5
[C] Brush
2
(1) Remove the transfer belt keeping/feeding section.
(2) Remove 1 screw and take off the plate spring.
1
(3) Move the transport guide to the rear side and
pull it out upward.
c
(4) Remove 1 clip and take off 3 gears.
b
Notes: 1. The gears a/c has a latch, and remove the
gears in the order a, b, c.
2. When installing each gear, make sure the
a
latch fits into the groove portion of the shaft.
2
(5) Remove 1 clip and take off the bushing.
Clip
(6) Push the brush to the rear side, take off
the front side shaft and pull out the brush upward.
1
Note: Do not touch the top of the brush with bare hands.
Bushing
[D] Cleaning blade
(1) Remove the transfer belt keeping/feeding
section.
(2) Remove 3 screws and take off the cleaning
blade.
Notes: 1. When installing the cleaning blade, make
sure that both sides of the bosses are fit in
and screwed shut.
2. Do not touch the blade with bare hands
and make any scar on it.
3. Be careful not to mash the urethane seals at
Urethane seal
both sides.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 6
[E] Damp heater
(1) Remove the transfer belt unit.
(2) Remove 2 screws, disconnect 1 connector and
take off the damp heater.
Dump
heater
Note: When installing the dump heater, be careful
not to catch it in the harness.
Connector
[F] Transfer/Transport unit
(1) Open the front cover, turn the lever clockwise
and pull out the transfer/transport unit.
(2) Remove the fuser unit and transfer belt.
Note: When removing the transfer/transport unit,
remove each unit after removing the fuser and
transfer belt units.
(3) Remove 2 shoulder screws fixed at both sides
slide rails.
(4) Hold the A(shaft) or B(stay) section with the left
hand and the right slide rail with the right hand.
A
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 7
B
(5) 쩸 Lift the transfer/transport belt unit and take
off the catch-up section.
쩹 Slack off the right slide rail a little.
쩺 Push the rail to the inside of the unit.
1
3
2
(6) Change the A or B section to the right hand
and hold the C section with the left hand. Then
lift the transfer/transport unit and take it off.
Notes: 1. Since the guide is sometimes transformed
when being pressured, be careful not to
hold the D section when lifting the transfer/
transport unit.
2. Take the following steps when installing
the transfer/transport unit.
C
1) Pull out only the left slide rail.
2) Hang the transfer/transport unit on the
left slide rail firmly.
3) Extend the right slide rail fully, especially,
its leading edge.
4) Hang the transfer/transport unit on the
right slide rail firmly.
5) Fix the transfer/transport unit with 2
shoulder screws.
6) Follow the reverse procedure of
disassembling afterwards.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 8
D
[G] Transport detection sensor
(1) Remove the transfer belt and fuser unit.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off each sensor.
[H] Transport clutch
(H-1) Transport clutch 1, 2
E-ring
(1) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 E-ring and
take off each transport clutch.
Notes: 1. When installing the clutches, pay attention
to the color of harness.
2. Make sure that the E-rings are tightly fit not
to be loosen and one end of E-ring does not
ride too much on the flat part of shaft.
Transport clutch 2
Transport clutch 1
(H-2) Drive clutch
(1) Remove 1 E-ring and 3 screws and release the
bracket.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector and take off the drive
clutch.
Notes: 1. When installing the clutches, pay attention
E-ring
to the color of harness.
2. When fitting the E-rings on the clutches, make
sure that the latches of E-ring do not
protrude on the flat part of shaft.
Black
Drive clutch
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 9
Bracket
[I] Transfer belt drive motor unit
Connector
(1) Remove the rear cover and take off the flywheel.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 spring
and 2 screws and take off the drive motor unit.
Note: When installing the motor, rotate it counterclockwise to fix.
Spring
[J] Transfer belt contact/release cam drive unit
(1) Remove the rear cover and take off the flywheel.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws and
take off the cam drive unit.
(3) Disconnect the connector and take off 2 sensors.
Green board
Silver board
Note: When replacing each sensor, pay attention to
the board color (shown in the right figure) and
direction.
AR-651/810 TRANSFER/TRANSPORT UNIT 13 - 10
14. FUSER UNIT
14. 1. General Description
The toner is fused on the paper separated from the photoconductive drum by applying heat and pressure to
it. The paper is then discharged through the paper exit section. The fuser unit consists of the IH coil, fuser
roller, pressure roller, separation fingers, cleaning web, cleaning rollers, thermistors, thermostat, exit rollers,
exit sensor, etc.
Web pushing roller
Cleaning web
Web detection sensor
Web motor
Fuser roller thermistor
Thermostat
Exit roller
IH coil
Separation finger
Fuser roller
Pressure roller thermistor
Fuser unit exit sensor
Cleaning roller (metal)
Pressure roller
Cleaning roller (felt)
[Sectional view]
14. 2. Operation
At the fuser unit, the toner is fused on the paper which has been separated and transported from the
photoconductive drum by applying heat and pressure to it.
The fuser roller is rotated by the driving of the fuser motor and has an IH coil inside, which does not rotate
itself. The fuser and pressure rollers are always pressured by a spring force.
After being fused, the paper is separated smoothly from the fuser roller by the separation fingers.
The thermistor detects the fuser roller temperature to control it, and when the temperature becomes
abnormally high, which is detected by the thermostat, the power supply to the IH coil is cut off.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 1
14. 3. Functions
(1) IH coil (IH: Induction heating)
The IH coil is inside the fuser roller and applies the induction heat to the fuser roller. This IH coil is
divided into two parts, the center IH coil heating the center of the fuser roller and the side IH coil
heating both ends of the fuser roller. Those parts become ON/OFF separately to always keep the fuser
roller at a certain temperature without wasting excessive electric power.
(2) Fuser roller
The fuser roller is made of iron and induction-heated by the IH coil. It is pressed by the pressure roller,
which is mentioned below, and the toner is fused on the peper while the paper is passing through
between these two rollers with the toner image on the paper facing the fuser roller. So, the toner soaks
into the fibers of the paper by melting it with the heat of the fuser roller and improving the heat conductivity
by the pressure from the pressure roller.
The surface of the fuser roller is coated with plastic to prevent the toner adhering to the roller (the
phenomenon called “offset”) and help it separate from the fuser roller.
(3) Pressure roller
The pressure roller is made of rubber to make it easier to press the fuser roller and always pressed by
a spring force.
(4) Separation fingers
The separation fingers take off the paper that has stuck to the fuser and pressure rollers.
(5) Cleaning web
The cleaning web is attached in touch with the fuser roller by the web pushing roller to remove the toner
and paper dust that have stuck to the fuser roller during the fusing process. It is rolled up by the motor
so that its clean surface always touches the fuser roller, and also it contains silicon oil for coating the
surface of the fuser roller, which makes it easier to clean up the toner and paper dust on the fuser roller.
(6) Cleaning rollers
The cleaning rollers are attached in touch with the pressure roller to remove the toner and paper dust
that have stuck to the pressure roller during the fusing process. There are two kinds of rollers, a metal
roller and felt roller. The felt cleaning roller contains silicon oil for coating the surface of the pressure
roller, which makes it easier to clean up the toner and paper dust on the pressure roller.
(7) Exit roller
The exit roller of the fuser unit discharges the paper separated from the fuser and pressure rollers with
the separation fingers through the fuser unit.
(8) Fuser unit exit sensor
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 2
This sensor is for detecting that the trailing edge of the paper has reached the fuser unit exit sensor and
also for detecting of paper jams at the fuser unit exit section.
(9) Fuser roller center thermistor/Fuser roller side thermistor (rear)
This thermistor detects the temperature of the fuser roller to maintain it in a certain range, which is
higher than the lower limit causing the poor fusing and lower than the upper limit causing the high
temperature offset. When the temperature of the fuser roller is lower than the preset temperature, it
turns ON the power supply to the IH coil, and when it is higher than the preset temperature, it cuts OFF
the supply. It also detects the slight different of the temperatures at the center and rear end of the fuser
roller to control ON/OFF of the center and side IH coil to keep the fuser roller at a certain temperature.
(10) Fuser roller side thermistor (front)
This thermistor cannot be used for the temperature control. It detects a temperature abnormality at the
side area of the fuser roller where paper does not pass through.
(11) Thermostats (center, front)
The center and front thermostats cut off the power supply to the IH coil when the fuser roller becomes
abnormally hot as the result of a problem such as the thermistor malfunction. The thermostats of this
copier are used to prevent abnormal operations, and when they detect any abnormality, they must be
replaced altogether with the other damaged parts of the fuser unit.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 3
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 4
Temperature
control circuit
5V SW
CPU
LGC
IH ON/OFF signal
Error signal
Electric power setting
Power supply for
photocoupler
AC line
DC line
IH
Photocoupler
AC
input N
Fuse
Control circuit
including CPU
L
Fuser roller
IH power source/
drive circuit
Coil
output
Coil
Side thermistor
(rear)
[Block diagram of fuser unit and IH control circuit]
5V SW
Drum
thermistor
Center
thermistor
Thermostat
Side thermistor
(front)
Noise
filter
Breaker
Power code
14. 4. Heater Control Circuit
14. 4. 1. Configuration
14. 4. 2. Heating principle of IH coil
The magnetic field is generated by applying a high frequency current to the IH coil inside the fuser roller,
which then produces the eddy current in it. When the eddy current flows, the Joule heat is generated by the
resistance element of the fuser roller, which is then heated. In the IH coil method, the thermal efficiency is
higher than the lamp method because the fuser roller is directly heated.
IH coil is divided into two parts to decrease the temperature difference between the center and both ends
of the fuser roller.
Current flowing on the surface of the fuser roller
Center IH coil
B
High frequency
power source
A
Side IH coil
Magnetic field
Eddy current
Current flowing inside the
fuser roller
[Image of current flowing from A to B]
Control circuit for high frequency current
Fuser roller
IH coil
Smoothing circuit
Tr1
IGBT
drive
C2
C3
(IGBT)
Tr2
IGBT
drive
C1
D1
Photocoupler
T1
Current input
CPU
Monitoring input current
Voltage
input
I/F circuit on LGC board
Monitoring input current
[Block diagram of high frequency power supply (IH control board)]
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 5
14. 4. 3. IH control circuit interface
The IH control circuit uses a photocoupler as an insulator against the secondary circuit.
The interface signals are as followed.
Number
Signal
Direction
J552-1
IH2ON
J552-2
5V
J552-3
H1PWR1
J552-4
H1PWR2
J552-5
H1PWR3
J552-6
H2PWR1
J552-7
H2PWR2
J552-8
H2PWR3
J553-1
IH1ON
J553-2
SG
J553-3
IHDUTY
HOST to IH ON duty signal
J553-4
IHERR1
HOST to IH Error signal
J553-5
IHERR2
Definition
HOST to IH OFF signal when the roller ends are heated abnormally
HOST to IH Electric power setting
HOST to IH ON/OFF signal
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 6
14. 4. 4. IH control circuit abnormalities
The IH output is stopped when an abnormality occurs in the IH control circuit.
(1) When the power voltage of the copier is too high or too low
IH output is stopped to protect the IGBT when the input voltage, which is higher or lower than specified
range, is applied to the copier. This is an error [C47].
(2) When the AC is not applied to the IH control circuit
The error that the AC is not applied to the IH control circuit properly is [C47]. The same error occurs
when the thermostat is either activated or blown.
(3) When the temperature of the IGBT is too high
Normally, the IGBT is forcibly cooled down as it becomes hot while the power is supplied to the IH
control circuit. The error [C48] is occurred when this cooling operation is not sufficient and the IGBT
becomes too hot.
(4) When the temperature detection sensor of the IH control circuit is malfunctioning
The error [C49] occurs when the temperature detection sensor is malfunctioning or the IH coil is not
connected properly.
(5) When the ON/OFF of IH coil becomes out of control
When an abnormality occurs at the IH control circuit and the ON/OFF of the IH coil becomes out of
control, CPU decides the error code and counter value of the fuser roller thermistor error status after
detecting the abnormal temperature at the thermistor.
* Abnormal temperature
Center thermistor
: 230°C
Side thermistor (rear) : 240°C
Side thermistor (front) : 270°C
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 7
14. 4. 5. Temperature detecting section
To keep the fuser roller at a certain temperature, the center thermistor and side thermistor (rear) detect the
temperature of the fuser roller and control ON/OFF of the IH coil. Outputs from the thermistors are used to
detect abnormalities of the fuser roller temperature.
(1) Relation between the thermistor output voltage and surface temperature of the fuser roller:
Approx. 4.0V when the temperature is 200°C
Approx. 3.8V when the temperature is 183°C, and approx. 3.7V when the temperature is 177°C.
(2) Temperature control for the surface of the fuser roller:
Temperature
Fusing control
200°C and above
IH coil turned OFF
183~200°C
IH coil turned ON Normal copy speed
177~183°C
Copying continued but the copy speed lowered (AR-810 only)
Below 177°C
Copying interrupted and back to the ready
Warming-up
Ready (200°C) During copying
Ready
C
During
During
copying
waiting
200
Temperature
183
of fuser roller
177
Herter ON
Copy speed AR-810
(A4/LT)
OFF
ON
OFF
0
0
0
ON ON ON ON
81
65
81 65
ON ON
0
81
ON
ON
65
0
(3) Temperature control for both ends of the fuser roller
During the multiple copying, the temperature of both ends of the fuser roller (where a paper does not
pass on) generally becomes higher than that of the other areas (where a paper does pass on). The side
thermistor (front) detects the temperature of the ends, in this case, it controls the center IH coil and
side IH coil to unify the fuser roller temperature.
(4) Error detection during warming up (1)
If the output voltage of either the center thermistor or side thermistor (rear) does not go over approx.
0.5V(40°C) even in a certain period of time after the heater has turned ON, the “Call for service” [C41]
is displayed.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 8
(5) Error detection during warming up (2)
쩸 If the output voltage of either the center thermistor or side thermistor (rear) does not go over
approx. 1.9V(100°C) even in a certain period of time after it has exceeded 40°C or 쩹 if it does not
go over approx. 3.2V(150°C) even in a certain period of time after it has exceeded 100°C, the “Call for
service” [C44] is displayed
(6) Error detection during warming up (3)
If the output voltage of the thermistor does not go over approx. 4.0V(200°C) even in a certain period of
time after it has exceeded 150°C, the “Call for service” [C44] is displayed.
(7) Abnormality detection during standby/copying
If the output voltage of either the center thermistor or side thermistor (rear) becomes 0.5V or lower for
more than 0.5 sec., the “Call for service” [C43] is displayed, and if that of the side thermistor (front)
becomes 0.5V or lower for more than 0.5 sec., the “Call for service” [C45] is displayed.
(8) Fuser roller thermistor error status counter
• To enhance the safety of the fuser unit, CPU provides the following protection: When the third [C41]
error has occurred after two consecutive [C41] errors, even if an operator turns OFF the power and
back ON, the IH coil is not turned ON and error [C41] is displayed immediately.
However, if the copier becomes ready successfully with the fuser roller thermistor error status counter
“1” or below, the counter is cleared to “0”.
Note: If the heater is not turned ON and either of the error code [C41] to [C45] is still displayed even though the
thermistor, thermostat and IH coil have been repaired and the power is turned ON, check the code “400”
in the mode (08) to set the thermistor/heater status counter to “0”.
Reference
* The fuser roller thermistor error status counter does never have values other than 0 ~ 19 entered.
• If the fuser lamp does not turn ON and the “Call for service” [C41] is displayed immediately after
the power is turned ON, check the fuser roller thermistor error status counter. If it is “2” or over,
be sure to check the thermistor, thermostat and IH coil. Reset the counter to “0” (code “400” in
the (08) mode) after repairing them, then turn ON the power.
• If the fuser roller thermistor error status counter is “20” or over (e.g., 21), there is a possibility
that data in BCRAM or BCRAM itself may have been ruined due to causes such as leakage from
the chargers. Check the bias, high-voltage transformers and charge wires to see if any of them
is defective, and also look through all the data in the BCRAM.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 9
14. 4. 6. Detection of open-circuited thermistors
A thermistor is a device which resistance decreases when it detects a high temperature. If the fuser roller
thermistor is open-circuited, the control circuit finds that the fuser roller temperature is extremely low and
keeps turning ON the IH coil. As a result, the fuser roller temperature rises, possibly activating the thermostat,
which is a safety protection device. To prevent this, CPU works to detect if the thermistor is open-circuited
or not.
* The following is a circuit diagram of the thermistor open-circuit detection circuit common with the center
and side thermistors.
+5
· The input voltage is obtained by dividing the resistor
1, thermistor, resistor 2 and resistor 3.
R1
Main CPU
Thermistor
R4
· The temperature of the fuser roller surface changes.
The resistance of the thermistor changes.
R2
C
The input voltage changes.
R3
· The main CPU detects this change of the input
voltage to decide if the thermistor is abnormal or not.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 10
14. 5. Fuser Motor Drive
14. 5. 1. Outline of operation
FG pulse
+5.1V
Reference
Wave
shaping
Phase
comparator
V
Current
detecting
circuit
frequency
Speed
comparator
(HTRCK)
Control
signal
+36A
Difference
Difference
HTRML
HTRMT
Rotation
control
Excited
phase
switching
unit
U
W
A
B
C
Rotor
position
detection
Fuser motor
M/DC-HTR-340N
U, V, W : Phase
A, B, C : Hall element
(2) The excited phase switching unit excites each phase on the fuser motor.
(1) The LGC transmits control signals for the fuser motor rotation (HTRMT:Motor rotation command).
Fuser motor rotates.
(3) Hall elements A to C are used to detect the rotation position of the motor (or rotor).
(4) The excited phase switching unit switches the excitation for each phase. (By repeating steps (2)
through (4) above, the motor keeps rotating.)
(5) An FG pulse is generated by the rotation of the fuser motor.
(6) The phases and velocities of the FG pulse and the reference frequency from the LGC are compared,
and the differences are added up. In addition to this are added the fluctuations in the supply voltage
(Signal generation).
step (6). That is, control ensures that the FG pulse and reference frequency are equal.
(7) The switching timing for the excited phase switching unit is changed to match the signal obtained in
The fuser
motor rotates at a constant speed (locked range state).
(8) When the HTRML signal changes to “H” level, the fuser motor stops rotating.
(9) During standby, the HTRML level changes to “L” if the temperature of the pressure roller drops below the
reference temperature, and the fuser motor rotates at a low speed.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 11
14. 5. 2. Control signals
(1) HTRCK signal (LGC → MOT:Input)
This signal is a reference clock signal for the fuser motor to rotate at a fixed speed.
The frequency of the reference clock is 1247.6Hz.
(2) HTRML signal (LGC → MOT:Input)
This signal switches low-speed fuser motor rotation ON/OFF. When the signal is “L”, the fuser motor
rotates at a low speed.
(3) HTRMT signal (LGC → MOT:Input)
This signal is the fuser motor ON/OFF control signal. When the signal changes to “L”, the fuser motor
is turned ON.
Signal level for motor circuit
Signal
“H” level
“L” level
HTRCK
Reference clock (1247.6Hz)
HTRMT
Motor OFF
Motor low-speed ON
HTRML
Motor OFF
Motor ON
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 12
14. 6. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] IH control board
(1) Open the front cover, turn the handle clockwise
and take off the transfer/transport unit.
(2) Remove 2 screws and open the cover forward
slowly.
(3) Remove 4 screws and release the IH coil fuser
harness.
C
S
IGBT
Tighten 4 screws of the IH coil fuser harness
FLOW
C
completely (tightening torque: 1.2~2.0Nm).
Since the IH control board is a high-voltage section,
S
3.
S
G
When installing the IH coil fuser harness, be careful
not to install it to a wrong place.
2.
S
C
Cautions:
1.
C
S
make sure to pull out the power cable at mainte-
nance and checkup, especially, be careful not to
touch the IGBT in turning on electricity at which it
becomes high-voltage.
C
(4) Disconnect 4 connectors, remove 9 screws, and
S
G
take off the IH control board.
Connector
(Yellow)
Connector
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 13
Connector
(White)
[B] Fuser unit
Cover 2
C
(1) Remove 2 screws and open the cover forward
slowly.
S
C
S
G
(2) Remove 4 screws and release the IH coil fuser
harness. Disconnect 2 connectors.
(3) Remove 1 screw and open the cover 2 forward.
Connector
(4) Remove 1 screw move the fuser unit forward
and lift it off upward.
Notes: 1. Make sure that the harness (A) at the right
B
figure does not touch the bearing and shaft
A
of the transfer/transport unit when installing
the fuser unit.
2. Remove the fuser unit after fully lowering
the temperature or wear gloves and such
when removing it at a high temperature.
3. Hold B sections of the fuser unit when
installing/removing it.
[C] Cleaning web unit
(1) Remove 2 black screws and take off the cleaning
web unit.
Note: The cleaning web unit can be taken off without
removing the fuser unit.
(2) Remove 4 E-rings and take off the cleaning web.
(3) Remove 2 E-rings and take off the bushing and
E-ring
Cleaning web
gear.
Caution: Be careful not to create slack in the cleaning
web when installing it.
E-ring
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 14
E-ring
(4) Remove 2 E-rings and take off the web pushing
roller.
E-ring
Cautions:
1.
Take up the cleaning web a little (3~5 rotations with
Pin
hand) after replacing the cleaning web and web
pushing roller.
2.
When installing the cleaning web unit to the fuser
unit, make sure that the web is not slacked off.
3.
Turn the fuser unit jam access knob 10~15 times to
adapt the cleaning web to the fuser roller. At this
time make sure that there is no defect caused by an
installing inadequacy.
4.
Make sure that the cleaning web is not wrinkled
or slacked off.
5.
Set up the PM support mode “6S” and clear the
cleaning web counter. After clearing it, the web
motor automatically rotates for 65 seconds when
turning the power ON.
6.
Turn the power ON and make sure that “READY” is
displayed.
7.
8.
Finally confirm the fuser unit is in a proper condition.
Do not rotate the web motor for more than 2 min. at
the output check (03-124) since the cleaning web
may be slacked off when rolled up.
Full
Note: Approximate remaining web can be seen through
the window at the fuser unit (shown by the right
Low
figure).
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 15
[D] IH coil
(1) Remove the cleaning web unit.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the fuser cover
(front).
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off the bracket.
(4) Pull out the IH coil.
Note: Make sure that the “C” and “S” harnesses of the
power supply harness comes to the left side when
installing the IH coil.
C
S
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 16
[E] Upper separation finger unit
(1) Remove 2 screws and take off the crank plate
and upper separation finger unit.
Crank plate
Upper separation finger unit
(2) Remove each spring and take off each
separation finger.
Spring
Upper separation finger
[F] Cleaning roller (metal)/Lower separation finger
(1) Remove 2 screws and open the guide.
(2) Remove the cleaning roller (metal).
Cleaning roller (metal)
Spring
(3) Remove each spring and take off each lower
separation finger.
Lower separation finger
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 17
(4) Remove 2 E-rings and take off the exit roller.
Exit roller
E-ring
[G] Cleaning roller (felt)
(1) Remove 2 screws and open the entrance lower
guide unit.
Entrance lower guide unit
(2) Remove the cleaning roller (felt).
Cleaning roller (felt)
[H] Thermistor/Thermostat
(1) Loosen 2 pressure screws completely.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 18
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the stay.
(3) Disconnect each connector, remove each screw
and take off the thermistor and thermostat.
Notes: 1. When installing the thermistor and
thermostat, be careful not to deform them
and plate to which they are installed.
2. Adjust the gap between the thermostat (2
points) and fuser roller to the range
between 2~2.5mm.
2.0~2.5mm
[I] Fuser roller
(1) Loosen 2 pressure screws completely.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the fuser unit
cover (rear).
Fuser unit
cover (rear)
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 19
(3) Remove 2 screws, release 2 harness clamp and
Harness clamp
take off the bracket with releasing the catching
section.
(4) Remove 2 screws and disconnect 1 connector.
C-ring (rear)
(5) Remove 1 C-ring (rear).
Connector
(6) Remove 1 E-ring and take off the gear.
(7) Remove 2 screws and take off the bearing (rear).
Bearing (rear)
Gear
(8) Remove 1 C-ring (front).
C-ring (front)
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 20
(9) Take off the fuser roller covering it with paper
and such not to make scars on it.
[J] Pressure roller
(1) Remove the fuser roller and take off pressure
roller.
[K] Web detection sensor
(1) Remove the fuser unit cover (front).
(2) Remove 1 screw and take off the web detection
sensor with the bracket.
AR-651/810 FUSER UNIT 14 - 21
15. EXIT/REVERSING UNIT
15. 1. General Description
This copier conducts a paper reverse operation when printing more than 2 sheet of paper or carrying out a
duplex printing. Its reversing device once transports the paper from the fuser unit to the reverse path where
the paper is switched back and reversed, and then transports it to the exit roller or transfer section.
2
1
No.
4
5
6
7
Name
1
Exit/Reverse gate
2
Exit roller
3
Reverse path roller 2
4
Reverse path roller 1
5
Horizontal transport roller 1
6
Horizontal transport roller 2
7
Horizontal transport roller 3
8
Horizontal transport roller 4
8
3
[sectional view]
15. 2. Operation
The paper from the fuser unit is transported to the reverse path by the gate, which is usually directed
toward the reverse path and switched by the solenoid only when the reverse operation is not carried out.
When the trailing edge of the paper has passed through the fuser unit exit sensor, the paper transport
speed at the reverse path is switched to a high one and switched back in a specified time after that. The
paper is transported to the exit roller with keeping the high speed and discharged to the outside of the
copier. When carrying out a duplex printing, the paper switched back at the reverse path is transported to
the horizontal transport section, which is under the transfer/transport unit and switches the paper transport
speed to a normal one at this time, and it is again transported to the transfer section and fused there. Then,
after the duplex paper has passed through the fuser unit and the gate has been switched, it is discharged
to the outside of the copier by the exit roller without being transported to the reverse path.
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 1
(a) 3 sheets × 1 copy Single-sided printing operation (A4/LT)
[3]
[1]
[2]
Step 1
Step 6
[1]
[2]
[3]
Step 2
[2]
Step 7
[3]
[3]
[1]
Step 8
Step 3
[2]
[3]
[1]
Step 4
[3]
[2]
Step 5
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 2
(b) 5 sheets × 1 copy Duplex printing operation (A4/LT)
[2]
[1]
[4]
[3]
Step 1
Step 6
[2]
[2]
[5]
[1]
[4]
Step 2
[3]
Step 7
[3]
[3]
[5]
[2]
[4]
[1]
Step 8
Step 3
[3]
[1]
[3]
[4]
[2]
[5]
Step 9
Step 4
[4]
[1]
[5]
[4]
[3]
[2]
Step 10
Step 5
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 3
(c) 3 sheets × 1 copy Single-sided printing operation (A3/LD/B4/LG/A4-R/LT-R)
[3]
[1]
Step 1
Step 6
[2]
[3]
[2]
[2]
[1]
Step 2
Step 7
[2]
Step 8
Step 3
[3]
[1]
[2]
[3]
[1]
Step 9
Step 4
[3]
[2]
Step 5
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 4
(d) 4 sheets × 1 copy Duplex printing operation (A3/LD/B4/LG/A4-R/LT-R)
[2]
[1]
[4]
[3]
Step 1
Step 6
[3]
[2]
[1]
Step 2
Step 7
[4]
[3]
[1]
[4]
Step 8
Step 3
[2]
[1]
[4]
[3]
[2]
Step 9
Step 4
[4]
[2]
Step 10
Step 5
[3]
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 5
15. 3. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] Exit/Reverse unit
(1) Remove 6 screws and take off the exit side
cover.
(2) Remove 1 screw and take off the fixing bracket.
(3) Disconnect 1 connector and lift the exit/reverse
unit to take it off.
Connector
[B] Reverse section fan
(1) Remove the exit side cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws and
take off the fans.
Connector
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 6
[C] Reverse sensor
(1) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws (1 for
the lower sensor) and take off the sensors.
Reverse sensor 1
Reverse sensor 2
[D] Gate solenoid
(1) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws and
take off the solenoid.
Note: When installing the solenoid, position it so that it
is flush with the edge of the mounting plate.
While the solenoid is normally mounted in the A
position, can be also be mounted in the B position.
B
A
[E] Reverse motor
(1) Remove the exit/reverse unit.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 6 screws and
take off the reverse section drive unit.
Connector
(3) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws and
Connector
take off the reverse motor.
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 7
[F] O-ring
E-ring
When installing the receiving tray, add the O-rings
(service parts) to the exit roller in order to improve
the paper stacking condition.
(1) Remove 6 screws and take off the exit side
cover.
(2) Remove 2 E-rings and move the 2 bearings
toward the inside.
(3) Move the exit roller to the near side and install 2
O-rings to the grooves of the exit roller.
Note: O-ring: Refer to the parts list for the parts number
and so on.
O-ring
AR-651/810 EXIT/REVERSING UNIT 15 - 8
Bearing
16. RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER)
16. 1. General Description
The Reversing Automatic Document Feeder (RADF) is a device that automatically feeds originals one
by one to the ADF original glass and discharges them to the receiving tray after scanning is finished.
RADF consists of the following sections.
• Original feeding section
This section, consisting of the pickup belt, feed roller, separation roller, registration roller, etc.,
feeds originals one by one to the ADF original glass.
• Original transporting/scanning section
This section, consisting of the read roller, transport roller, etc., transports an original on the ADF
original glass and scans it at the same time.
• Original reverse/exit section
This section, consisting of the exit roller, reverse flapper, reverse roller, etc., discharges an
original to either the large or small receiving tray after scanning is finished. When two-sided
scanning is carried out, the original is reversed by switching the reverse flapper and fed again to
the ADF original glass.
Tray sensor
Original length sensor
Registration sensor
Original width sensor Registration roller
Separation roller
Feed roller
Pickup belt
Empty sensor
Small original exit sensor
Large original exit flapper
1st roller
Small original exit roller
Intermediate transport roller
Large original
exit roller
Small original reverse roller
Read sensor
Large original exit sensor
Small original reverse sensor
4th roller Intermediate transport sensor
Small original reverse flapper
Read roller 3rd roller
Small original exit flapper
Reverse flapper
2nd roller
Note: Large-sized original: A3, B4, LD, LG
Small-sized original: A4, A4-R, B5, B5-R, A5-R, LT, LT-R, ST-R
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 1
16. 2. Construction
Drive/control section
Original feeding tray
Jam access cover
Small original receiving section
Feeding/transporting section
Large original receiving section
Apparatus
Electric parts
Feeding/transporting
• Jam access cover
• Empty sensor
section
• Pickup belt
• Upper limit sensor
• Feed roller
• Lower limit sensor
• Separation roller
• Cover open/close sensor
• Registration roller
• Original length sensor
• Read roller
• Registration sensor
• Exit/Reverse roller
• Original width sensor
• Intermediate transport roller
• Read sensor
• Small original reverse roller
• Intermediate transport sensor
• Small original exit roller
• Large original exit sensor
• Small original reverse sensor
• Small original exit sensor
Original feeding tray
• Original feeding tray
• Tray sensor
• Tray width sensor
Drive/control section
• Feed motor
• Tray lift motor
• Read motor
• Large original exit motor
• Disengagement solenoid
• Large original exit solenoid
• Small original exit solenoid
• RADF open/close sensor
• APS operation sensor
• Cover open/close switch
• RADF open/close switch
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 2
16. 3. Drive System
(1) Feed motor rotating forward (seen in front)
One-way pulley lock
One-way pulley idling
Feed motor
Rear
Registration roller
Feed motor rotates
clockwise to feed originals.
Front
(2) Feed motor rotating in reverse (seen in front)
One-way pulley idling
One-way pulley lock
Rear
Feed motor rotates
counterclockwise to feed originals.
Front
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 3
(3) Read motor rotating in reverse (seen in front)
Large original
Large original exit motor
exit roller
Rear
Large original exit motor
switches to the backside
of an original by rotating
clockwise and registers
Read motor
that side.
Intermediate transport roller
Read motor rotates
counterclockwise to
Front
transport, scan and
Read roller
discharge originals.
(4) large original exit motor rotating in reverse (seen in front)
One-way pulley
Small original exit motor
Large original exit motor
Small original exit motor
rotates clockwise to transRear
port and discharge originals.
Small original exit roller
Large original exit roller
Small original
Intermediate
transport roller
Large original exit motor
rotates counterclockwise
to discharge and reverse
originals.
Front
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 4
reverse roller
(5) Tray lift motor rotating forward (seen in front)
Tray lift motor
Tray lift motor rotates
clockwise to lower the tray.
Lifting tray
(6) Tray lift motor rotating in reverse (seen in front)
Tray lift motor
Tray lift motor rotates
counterclockwise to lift the tray.
LIfting tray
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 5
16. 4. Signal Block Diagram
Copier
RADF (Reversing automatic document reader)
COP-SW
COPSW
DFOP-SW
DF OP SW
DFOPN-SNS
DF OP NS
AP-SNS
APS
SIZE1-SNS
SIZE1
SIZE2-SNS
SIZE2
SIZE3-SNS
SIEZ3
REGS-SNS
REGS
EMPS-SNS
EMPS
ULMTS-SNS
UL MTS
LLMTS-SNS
LLMTS
IMT-F-SNS
ITFS
SOE-SNS
SO ES
COPS-SNS
COPS
TRYS-SNS
TRYS
TRVR-SNS
TRVR
SSBS-SNS
READS-SNS
EEPROM
Sensor
input
circuit
LSO L
SSO L
CPU
SSBS
ESSOL
READS
LOE-SNS
LOES
LNGS-SNS
LN GS
TLMO T
RXD
Driver
SG ND
RMOT
TXD
ACK
Communication
circuit
REQ
SCN_STR
SMO T
DF_ACK
DF_REQ
DF_CNT
FMO T
DC +24V
DC +24V
Irruptive
current
control
circuit
LMO T
DC +5V
DC +5V
The following 8 lines are used for sending/receiving of signals between the copier and RADF.
REQ ................................ Communication request signal (copier to RADF)
DF-REQ .......................... Communication request signal (RADF to copier)
DF-ACK .......................... Response signal to communication request signal (RADF to copier)
ACK ................................ Response signal to communication request signal (copier to RADF)
TxD ................................. Data sent to RADF from copier
RxD ................................ Data sent to copier from RADF
SCN_STR ....................... Scanning start signal
DF_CNT .......................... Detection signal of connection to DF
The data communication (RxD and TxD) between the copier and RADF is adopting a serial
communication system which makes it impossible to check with a testing device whether signals are
sent/received properly.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 6
16. 5. Operations
16. 5. 1. A4 single-sided feeding
(Operational condition: A4 original/Reproduction ratio: 100%)
(1) Original setting
The empty sensor turns ON when the original has been set on the original feeding tray.
(2) Lifting of the lifting tray
The tray lift motor rotates to lift the tray after receiving the original feeding signal from the copier. With a
specified delay after the upper limit sensor has detected a top side of the original, the tray lift motor
stops rotating.
(3) Start of separation
The feed motor starts to rotate forward. When the original length sensor detects the leading edge of the
original, the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lower the tray to a specified level.
The feed motor stops rotating when the original has been transported a specified distance after the
registration sensor had detected the leading edge of the original. From 2nd original, feeding starts after
the admission signal to start feeding is received.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 7
(4) Start of feeding
The feed motor starts to rotate in reverse. After the feed motor has finished accelerating, the read motor
starts to rotate forward. With 1st original, both the feed and read motors start to slow down when the
leading edge of the original has come to a specified distance before the read sensor.
From 2nd original, the feed motor starts to slow down when the leading edge of the original has come to
a specified distance before the 1st roller. The feed motor stops rotating when the original length sensor
has detected the trailing edge of the original. At the same time, the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lift
the tray. When the tray has come to a specified level after the upper limit sensor had detected the top
side of the original, it stops rotating.
The empty sensor detects whether or not there is a next original with a specified delay after the original
length sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original. Without a next original, the tray lift motor
starts to lower the tray to turn the original set signal OFF. When the lower limit sensor has detected the
tray, it stops rotating. With a next original, the separation begins at the same time the scanning begins.
When the original has been transported a specified distance by the read motor after the read sensor had
detected the leading edge of the original, the read motor stops rotating and the original stop signal turns
ON.
(5) Start of 1st original scanning
The scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time, the
original stop signal is reset. Then the read motor starts to rotate forward and to separate the next
original.
The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section. When it
has been transported to the intermediate transport section and come to a specified distance before the
intermediate transport roller, the large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse.
Feeding of 2nd original starts when the original has been transported a specified distance by the read
motor after the original length sensor had detected the trailing edge of the original.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 8
The SCN-STR turns OFF when the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section, and
before the trailing edge of the original passes the 3rd roller, 2nd original reaches the scanning waiting
section and stops being transported.
(6) Start of 2nd original scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time,the
original stop signal is reset. Then the read motor starts to rotate forward and the large original exit motor
starts to rotate in reverse.
The SCN-SCR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section. When
the trailing edge of 1st original has proceeded a specified distance after passing the 3rd roller, the large
original exit motor starts to accelerate.
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the intermediate transport section and
come to a specified distance before the intermediate transport roller, The large original exit motor starts
to rotate in reverse.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 9
The SCN-SCR turns OFF when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section.
When the trailing edge of the original has proceeded a specified distance after passing the 3rd roller, the
large original exit motor starts to accelerate.
(7) After the original trailing edge has passed the 3rd roller
When the leading edge of the original has come to a specified distance before the small original exit
roller, the small original exit motor starts to rotate forward.
When the intermediate transport sensor detects the trailing edge of 1st original, the large original exit
motor stops rotating unless the leading edge of 2nd original has come to a given place. If it has, the
large original exit motor slows down to the speed of scanning.
When the trailing edge of the original has come to a specified distance before the small original exit
roller, the small original exit motor starts to slow down.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 10
When the original has proceeded a specified distance after the small original exit sensor had detected
the trailing edge of the original, the small original exit motor stops rotating. Then the operation ends after
2nd original has been discharged.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 11
16. 5. 2. A4 two-sided feeding
(Operational condition: A4 original/Reproduction ratio: 100%)
(1) Original setting
Same operation as 16.5.1.(1)
(2) Lifting of the lifting tray
Same operation as 16.5.1.(2)
(3) Start of separation
Same operation as 16.5.1.(3)
(4) Start of feeding
Same operation as 16.5.1.(4)
(5) Start of top side scanning
Scanning starts after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time, the
original stop signal is reset. The read motor starts to rotate forward and to separate 2nd original.
When the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section, both the SCN-STR and the
large original exit solenoid turn ON.
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the large original exit side and reached to
the 3rd roller, the large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse .
The SCN-STR turns OFF after the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section, and at
the same time, both the read and large original exit motors start to accelerate. After the trailing edge of
the original has passed the 4th roller and proceeded a specified distance, the large original exit motor
slows down.
After the large original exit sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original, the read motor stops
rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops rotating when the original has proceeded a specified
distance. Then the original is nipped by the large original exit roller.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 12
The large original exit solenoid turns OFF when the large original exit motor stops rotating.
(6) Start of 1st original back side registering
The large original exit motor starts to rotate forward. After the large original exit sensor has detected the
leading edge of the original then the original has proceeded a specified distance and been registered, the
large original exit motor stops rotating.
(7) Start of 1st original back side feeding
Both the large original exit and read motors start to rotate forward, and when the leading edge of the
original has come to a specified distance before the read sensor, they start to slow down.
They stop to rotate when the leading edge of the original has reached the read sensor then the original
has been transported a specified distance by the read motor. At the same time, the original stop signal
is set.
(8) Start of 1st original back side scanning
Scanning starts after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time, the
original stop signal is reset. When the read motor starts to rotate forward, the large original exit motor
also starts to rotate forward and the disengagement solenoid turns ON.
The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section. The
large original exit motor stops rotating when the disengagement solenoid has turned ON.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 13
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the intermediate transport section and
come to a specified distance before the intermediate transport roller, the large original exit motor starts
to rotate in reverse and the small original exit motor also starts to rotate in reverse and the small original
exit solenoid turns ON.
Feeding of the next original starts when the read motor has counted a specified time since the start of
the scanning operation.
The SCN-STR turns OFF when the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section. At the
same time, the disengagement solenoid also turns OFF.
The next original reaches the scanning waiting position and stops before the trailing edge of the original
passes the 3rd roller.
(9) Start of 2nd original back side scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time the
original stop signal is reset. The read motor starts to rotate forward and the large original exit motor
starts to rotate in reverse.
The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section, and the
large original exit solenoid turns ON, too. The large original exit motor starts to accelerate when the
trailing edge of 1st original has passed the 3rd roller and traveled a specified distance.
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the large original exit side and come to
the 3rd roller, the disengagement solenoid turns ON. The large original exit motor starts to slow down
when the trailing edge of 1st original has passed the intermediate transport roller.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 14
The SCN-STR turns OFF when the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section. At the
same time, both the read and the large original exit motors start to accelerate and the disengagement
solenoid turns OFF.
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller then proceeded a specified distance, the
large original exit motor starts to slow down. After the large original exit sensor has detected the trailing
edge of the original, the read motor stops rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops rotating
when the original has proceeded a specified distance. The large original exit solenoid turns OFF when
the large original exit motor stops rotating.
(10) Start of 2nd original back side registering
Same operation as (6)
(11) Start of 2nd original back side feeding
Same operation as (7)
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 15
(12) Start of 2nd original back side scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time, the
original transport signal turns OFF. When the read motor starts to rotate forward, the large original exit
motor also starts to rotate forward and the disengagement solenoid turns ON. The SCN-STR turns ON
when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section. The large original exit motor
stops when the disengagement solenoid has turned ON.
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the intermediate transport section and
come to a specified distance before the intermediate transport roller, both the large and small original
exit motors start to rotate in reverse. (The small original exit solenoid has been ON from 1st original.)
Both the SCN-STR and the disengagement solenoid turn OFF when the trailing edge of the original has
passed the scanning section. The large original exit motor starts to accelerate when the trailing edge of
the original has passed the 3rd roller and proceeded a specified distance.
(13) After the original trailing edge has passed the 3rd roller
The large original exit motor stops rotating when the trailing edge of the original has been detected by
the intermediate transport sensor then proceeded a specified distance.
The small original exit motor starts to slow down when the trailing edge of the original has come to a
specified distance before the small original reverse sensor. Then it stops rotating when the trailing edge
of the original has been detected by the small original reverse sensor and proceeded a specified distance.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 16
The small original exit motor starts to rotate forward. Then it starts to slow down with a specified time
delay after the small original reverse sensor has detected the leading edge of the original.
The small original exit motor stops rotating when the trailing edge of the original has been detected by
the small original exit sensor then proceeded a specified distance. The small original exit solenoid turns
OFF and the operation ends when the original has been discharged.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 17
16. 5. 3. A4 single-sided feeding
(Operational condition: A3 original/Reproduction ratio: 100%)
(1) Original setting
Same operation as 16.5.1.(1)
(2) Lifting of the lifting tray
Same operation as 16.5.1.(2)
(3) Start of separating
Same operation as 16.5.1.(3)
(4) Start of feeding
The feed motor starts to rotate in reverse. When the feed motor has completed acceleration, the read
motor starts to rotate forward. Both the feed and read motors start to slow down when the leading edge
of the original has come to a specified distance before the read sensor.
They stop rotating and the original stop signal turns ON when the leading edge of the original has been
detected by the read sensor then proceeded a specified distance.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 18
(5) Start of 1st original scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time the
original stop signal is reset. When the read motor starts to rotate forward, the feed motor also starts to
rotate in reverse and the large original exit solenoid turns ON. The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading
edge of the original has reached the scanning section.
The large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse when the leading edge of the original has been
transported to the large original exit side and come to the 3rd roller.
When the registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original, the feed motor stops rotating
and the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lift the tray. The tray lift motor stops rotating when a specified
number of counts is counted after the upper limit sensor has detected the top side of the original.
The empty sensor detects whether or not there is a next original when a specified time passes after the
registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original. With a next original, separating of the
next original begins.
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section, the SCN-STR turns OFF and
both the read and large original exit motors start to accelerate.
Feeding of 2nd original begins when the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 19
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller then proceeded a specified distance, the
large original exit motor starts to slow down. After the large original exit sensor has detected the trailing
edge of the original, the read motor stops rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops rotating
when the original has proceeded a specified distance. Then the original is discharged.
Both the read and feed motors stop when 2nd original has reached the scanning waiting section.
(6) Start of 2nd original scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time the
original stop signal is reset. When the read motor starts to rotate forward, the feed motor also starts to
rotate in reverse. (The large original exit solenoid has been ON from 1st original.)
The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section.
The large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse when the leading edge of the original has been
transported to the large original exit side and come to the 3rd roller.
When the registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original, the feed motor stops rotating
and the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lift the tray. The tray lift motor stops rotating when a specified
number of counts is counted after the upper limit sensor has detected the top side of the original.
The empty sensor detects whether or not there is a next original when a specified time passes after the
registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original. If not, the tray lift motor starts to rotate
to lower the tray and the original set signal turns OFF. The tray lift motor stops rotating when the lower
limit sensor has detected the tray.
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section, the SCN-STR turns OFF and
both the read and large original exit motors start to accelerate.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 20
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller then proceeded a specified distance, the
large original exit motor starts to slow down and the read motor stops rotating.
The large original exit motor stops rotating when the trailing edge of the original has been detected by
the large original exit sensor then proceeded a specified distance. The large original exit solenoid turns
OFF and the operation ends when the original has been discharged.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 21
16. 5. 4. A3 two-sided feeding
(Operational condition: A3 original/Reproduction ratio: 100%)
(1) Original setting
Same operation as 16.5.1.(1)
(2) Lifting of the lifting tray
Same operation as 16.5.1.(2)
(3) Start of separation
Same operation as 16.5.1.(3)
(4) Start of feeding
Same operation as 16.5.1.(4)
(5) Start of 1st original top side scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time the
original stop signal is reset. When the read motor starts to rotate forward, the feed motor also starts to
rotate in reverse and the large original exit solenoid turns ON. The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading
edge of the original has reached the scanning section.
The large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse when the leading edge of the original has been
transported to the large original exit side and come to the 3rd roller.
When the registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original, the feed motor stops rotating
and the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lift the tray. The tray lift motor stops rotating when a specified
number of counts is counted after the upper limit sensor has detected the top side of the original.
The empty sensor detects whether or not there is a next original when a specified time passes after the
registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original. With a next original, separating of the
next original begins.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 22
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section, the SCN-STR turns OFF and
both the read and large original exit motors start to accelerate.
The large original exit motor slows down when the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller
and proceeded a specified distance. After the large original exit sensor has detected the trailing edge of
the original, the read motor stops rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops rotating when the
original has proceeded a specified distance. Then the original is nipped by the large original exit roller.
(6) Start of 1st original back side registering
Same operation as 16.5.2.(6)
(7) Start of 1st original back side feeding
Same operation as 16.5.2.(7)
(8) Start of 1st original back side scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time, the
original transport signal is reset. When the read motor starts to rotate forward, the large original exit
motor also starts to rotate forward and the disengagement solenoid turns ON. (The large original exit
solenoid has been ON from 1st original.)
The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section. The
large original exit motor stops when the disengagement solenoid has turned ON.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 23
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the large original exit side and come the
3rd roller, the large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse .
The SCN-STR turns OFF when the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section. At the
same time, both the read and large original exit motors start to accelerate and the disengagement
solenoid turns OFF.
The large original exit motor slows down when the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller
and proceeded a specified distance. After the large original exit sensor has detected the trailing edge of
the original, the read motor stops rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops rotating when the
original has proceeded a specified distance. Then the original is nipped by the large original exit roller.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 24
(9) Reversing and discharging of 1st original
Both the large original exit and read motors start to rotate foward. When the leading edge of the original
has reached the read sensor then been transported a specified distance by the read motor, the
disengagement solenoid turns ON. The large original exit motor stops when the disengagement solenoid
has turned ON.
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the large original exit and reached the 3rd
roller, and the large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse.
Feeding of 2nd original begins when the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller.(Same
operation as 16.5.1(4))
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller and proceeded a specified distance, the
large original exit motor starts to slow down. When the trailing edge of the original has been detected by
the large original exit sensor and proceeded a specified distance, it stops rotating. Then the original is
discharged.
Both the read and feed motors stop rotating when 2nd original has reached the scanning waiting position.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 25
(10) Start of 2nd original top side scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier. At the same time the
original stop signal is reset. When the read motor starts to rotate forward, the feed motor also starts to
rotate in reverse. (The large original exit solenoid has been ON from 1st original.)
The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section.
The large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse when the leading edge of the original has been
transported to the large original exit side and come to the 3rd roller.
When the registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original, the feed motor stops rotating
and the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lift the tray. The tray lift motor stops rotating when a specified
number of counts is counter after the upper limit sensor has detected the top side of the original.
The empty sensor detects whether or not there is a next original when a specified time passes after the
registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original. If not, the tray lift motor starts to rotate
to lower the tray and the original set signal is reset. The tray lift motor stops rotating when the lower limit
sensor has detected the tray.
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section, the SCN-STR turns OFF and
both the read and large original exit motors start to accelerate.
The large original exit motor slows down when the trailing edge of the original has passed the 4th roller
and proceeded a specified distance. After the large original exit sensor has detected the trailing edge of
the original, the read motor stops rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops rotating when the
original has proceeded a specified distance. Then the original is nipped by the large original exit roller.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 26
(11) Start of 2nd original back side registering
Same operation as 16.5.2.(6)
(12) Start of 2nd original back side feeding
Same operation as 16.5.2.(7)
(13) Start of 2nd original back side scanning
Same operation as 16.5.2.(8)
(14) Idle reversing and discharging of 2nd original
Both the large original exit and read motors start to rotate foward. When the leading edge of the original
has reached the read sensor then been transported a specified distance by the read motor, the
disengagement solenoid turns ON. The large original exit motor stops when the disengagement solenoid
has turned ON.
When the leading edge of the original has been transported to the large original exit side and reached
the 3rd roller and, the large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse.
The large original exit motor starts to slow down when the trailing edge of the original has passed the
4th roller and proceeded a specified distance. The read motor stops rotating without a next original.
The large original exit motor stops rotating when the trailing edge of the original has been detected by
the large original exit sensor and proceeded a specified distance. The large original exit solenoid turns
OFF and the operation ends when the original has been discharged.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 27
16. 5. 5. Single-sided feeding at mixed-original mode
(Operational condition: A4-R and FOLIO originals/Reproduction rario: 100%)
(1) Original setting
Same operation as 16.5.1.(1)
(2) Lift of the lifting tray
Same operation as 16.5.1.(2)
(3) Start of separation
Same operation as 16.5.1.(3)
(4) Start of feeding
The feed motor starts to rotate in reverse. After the feed motor has finished accelerating, the read motor
starts to rotate forward.
Both the feed and read motors start to slow down when the leading edge of the original has come to a
specified distance before the read sensor.
The original is transported a specified distance by the read motor after the read sensor detects the
leading edge of the original. Then after the original size is detected and the idle reversing is judged to be
necessary, both the feed and read motors start to accelerate and the large original exit solenoid turns
ON.
The large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse when the leading edge of the original has been
transported to the large original exit side and passed the 3rd roller.
When the registration sensor detects the trailing edge of the original, the feed motor stops rotating and
the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lift the tray. Then the tray lift motor stops lifting the tray when a
specified number of counts is counted after the upper limit sensor has detected the top side of the
original.
The empty sensor detects whether or not there is a next original when a specified time passes after the
the registration sensor has detected the trailing edge of the original. With a next original, separating
begins. Without it, the tray lift motor starts to rotate to lower the tray and the original set signal is reset.
The tray lift motor stops rotating when the lower limit sensor has detected the tray.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 28
The large original exit motor starts to slow down when the trailing edge of the original has proceeded a
specified distance after passing the 4th roller. After the large original exit sensor has detected the
trailing edge of the original, the read motor stops rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops
rotating when the original has proceeded a specified distance. The original is nipped by the large original
exit roller.
(5) Start of back side registering
Same operation as 16.5.2.(6)
(6) Start of back side feeding
Both the large original exit and read motors start to rotate forward. After the leading edge of the
original has reached the read sensor and been transported a specified distance by the read motor, the
disengagement solenoid turns ON. Then the large original exit motor stops rotating.
The large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse after the original has been transported to the
large original exit and the leading edge of the original has reached the 3rd roller.
The large original exit motor starts to slow down when the trailing edge of the original has proceeded a
specified distance after passing the 4th roller. After the large original exit sensor has detected the
trailing edge of the original, the read motor stops rotating soon and the large original exit motor stops
rotating when the original has proceeded a specified distance. The original is nipped by the large original
exit roller.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 29
(7) Back side registering to set the top side
Same operation as 16.5.2.(6)
(8) Start of top side feeding
Same operation as 16.5.2.(7)
(9) Start of scanning
Scanning begins after receiving the original transport signal from the copier, and at the same time, the
original stop signal is reset. The read motor starts to rotate foward and so does the large original exit
motor. Then the disengagement solenoid turns ON. (The large original exit solenoid has been ON since
the original was idle reversed.)
The SCN-STR turns ON when the leading edge of the original has reached the scanning section. When
the leading edge of the original is transported to the large original exit and reaches the 3rd roller, the
large original exit motor starts to rotate in reverse.
When the trailing edge of the original has passed the scanning section, the SCN-STR turns OFF, and at
the same time, both the read and large original exit motors start to accelerate. Then the disengagement
solenoid turns OFF.
With a next original, feeding of the original begins when the trailing edge of the original has passed the
4th roller.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 30
The large original exit motor starts to slow down when the trailing edge of the original has proceeded a
specified distance after passing the 4th roller. At the same time, the read motor stops rotating unless
there is a next original.
The large original exit motor stops rotating when the trailing edge of the original has proceeded a specified distance after being detected by the large original exit sensor. Then the original is discharged.
If this is the last original, the operation ends when the large original exit solenoid turns OFF.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 31
16. 6. Jams
16. 6. 1. Jams at feeding section
(1) Original jammed not reaching the original length sensor
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the feed motor begins to rotate forward to start
separation until an original reaches the original length sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is three times as much time as it takes to transport an original
from the pickup position (where the empty sensor detects the original) to the original length
sensor.
(2) Original jammed not reaching the registration sensor
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original comes to the position 10mm short of the
registration sensor (24.6mm further from the original length sensor) until it reaches the registration
sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is three times as much time as it takes to transport an original
from the middle position between the original length sensor and registration sensor to the
registration sensor.
16. 6. 2. Jams at transporting section
(1) Original jammed at the original length sensor
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during time after the feed motor starts to rotate in reverse so that the
registration roller starts to transport an original to the read roller until the trailing edge of the
original passes through the original length sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for the longest
original (LD) to pass through the original length sensor and proceed more 60mm.
(2) Original jammed at the registration sensor
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the original passes through the original length sensor
until it passes through the registration sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to
proceed the distance from the original length sensor to the registration sensor plus 60mm.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 32
(3) Original jammed not reaching the read sensor
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original comes to the 1st roller until it reaches the
read sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to
proceed the distance from the 1st roller to the read sensor plus 60mm.
(4) Original jammed at the read sensor (from the feeding side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original passes through the 1st roller until it passes
through the read sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to
proceed the distance from the 1st roller to the read sensor plus 30mm.
(5) Original jammed at the read sensor (from the large original exit side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the scanning of an original from the large original exit
side set at the scanning position until the original passes through the read sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for the longest
original (LD) to pass through the read sensor and proceed more 30mm.
16. 6. 3. Jams at large original exit section
(1) Original jammed not reaching the large original exit sensor (while discharging)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original comes to the 4th roller until it reaches the
large original exit sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to
proceed the distance from the 4th roller to the large original exit sensor plus 30mm.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 33
(2) Original jammed at the large original exit sensor (while discharging)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the leading edge of an original passes the position
20mm further from the 4th roller until it passes through the large original exit sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for the leading edge
of an original to proceed the distance from the position 20mm further from the 4th roller to the end
of the large original exit sensor plus 60mm.
(3) Original jammed not reaching the large original exit sensor (while registering the back side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the back side registration or transportation to the 1st
roller starts until an original reaches the large original exit sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to
proceed the distance from the large original exit roller to the large original exit sensor plus 60mm.
16. 6. 4. Jams at small original reverse section
(1) Original jammed not reaching the small original reverse sensor
(to the small original reverse side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original reaches the intermediate transport roller until
it reaches the small original reverse sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value of the jam pulse is equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to proceed
the distance from the intermediate transport roller to the small original reverse sensor plus 60mm.
(2) Original jammed at the small original reverse sensor (to the small original reverse side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the deceleration, which is set to finish at the position
20mm short of the small original reverse sensor, starts until an original passes through the small
original reverse sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is the time mentioned above plus necessary time for an original
to proceed 60mm.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 34
(3) Original jammed not reaching the small original reverse sensor
(from the small original reverse side to the small original exit side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after discharging starts at the small original reverse section
until an original reaches the small original reverse sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is three times as much time as mentioned above.
(4) Original jammed at the small original exit sensor
(from the small original reverse side to the small original exit side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original reaches the small original exit sensor until it
passes through the small original reverse sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is 1.5 times as much time as it takes for an LT, which is the
longest original (of all kinds of small-sized paper) when discharging small originals, to pass
through the small original reverse sensor.
16. 6. 5. Jams at small original exit section
(1) Original jammed not reaching the small original exit sensor
(from the intermediate transport section side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original reaches the intermediate transport roller until
it reaches the small original exit sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to
proceed the distance from the intermediate transport roller to the small original exit sensor plus
60mm.
(2) Original jammed at the small original exit sensor (from the intermediate transport section side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the deceleration, which is set to finish at the position
20mm short of the small original exit sensor, starts until an original passes through the small
original exit sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is the time mentioned above plus necessary time for an original
to proceed 60mm.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 35
(3) Original jammed not reaching the small original exit sensor (from the small original reverse side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original reaches the small original reverse sensor
until it reaches the small original exit sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is the time mentioned above plus necessary time for an original
to proceed 60mm.
(4) Original jammed at the small original exit sensor (from the small original reverse side)
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the deceleration, which is set to finish at the position
20mm short of the small original exit sensor, starts until an original passes through the small
original exit sensor.
• Jam timer setting
The setting value for the jam timer is the time mentioned above plus necessary time for an original
to proceed 60mm.
16. 6. 6. Jams at intermediate transport section
(1) Original jammed not reaching the intermediate transport sensor
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after an original reaches the 3rd roller until it reaches the
intermediate transport sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for an original to
proceed the distance from the 3rd roller to the intermediate transport sensor plus 30mm.
(2) Original jammed at the intermediate transport sensor
• Jam detection
This jam is detected during the time after the trailing edge of an original passes the position 20mm
further from the 3rd roller until it has passed through the intermediate transport sensor.
• Jam pulse setting
The setting value for the jam pulse is the equivalent number of pulses it takes for the trailing edge
of an original to proceed the distance from the position 20mm further from the 3rd roller to the
intermediate transport sensor plus 60mm.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 36
16. 7. Errors
Errors can be divided into the sensor adjustment error, EEPROM error and tray lift motor error.
(1) Sensor adjustment error
There are 4 kinds of sensor adjustment errors:
1) Original length sensor adjustment error
2) Read sensor adjustment error
3) Large original exit sensor adjustment error
4) Small original reverse sensor adjustment error
The D/A output voltage is adjusted so that the A/D input voltage for each sensor is kept within the
range between 3.16V~3.55V while carrying out the EEPROM initialization and all-sensor adjustment
at the adjustment mode. At this time, the sensor adjustment error occurs when the D/A output
voltage cannot be adjusted within the range between 0.04V~2.90V.
(2) EEPROM error
The EEPROM error occurs when the initialization value cannot be written on the EEPROM while
carrying out the EEPROM initialization and all-sensor adjustment at the adjustment mode or when
data cannot be read out from the EEPROM after turning ON the power.
(3) Tray lift motor error
The tray lift motor error occurs when a feeding jam because of which the upper limit/lower limit
cannot be detected within a specified time while lifting/lowering the tray takes place 3 times
continuously.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 37
16. 8. Original Size Detection
The original position base code is transmitted to the copier during the time after the feed signal is sent
until 1st original passes through the original width sensor. The original size is detected whenever feeding
an original and transmitted to the copier as a code before scanning starts.
16. 8. 1. Original size detection method
(1) Original position base code
The tray guide width is measured and stored when the feed signal is received. Altering of the tray
guide position during the operation is ignored.
(2) Width direction size
The status of the original width sensor 1~3 are stored when the leading edge of an original reaches
the position 10mm further from the 1st roller after feeding has started with the original at the
pre-feeding position.
(3) Feeding direction size
When the leading edge of an original reaches the position 7mm further from the read sensor, the
original size is decided by considering the information whether or not the original length sensor is
ON, original position base code and status of the original width sensor 1~3. Then it is transmitted to
the copier. However, when the original length sensor is ON at the mixed-original mode, the original
size for some combinations cannot be decided. In this case, the size is decided by taking into
consideration the feed motor pulses counted during the time after the original is idle reversed until it
passes through the original length sensor and transmitted to the copier.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 38
16. 8. 2. Original size detection chart
A4 series
Trayguide
width
Notover detected
160mm? receiving
ORG-IN
(mm)
NO
~114
~165
~196
~234
Trayguide
width
decided
receiving
ORG-IN
(mm)
79
148
Original
length
sensor at
scanning
standby
position
OFF
ON
182 OFF
ON
210 OFF
ON
Size 2
(width
268.4mm
or over)
Size 1
Mixed
(Width
originals
196.0mm mode?
or over)
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
NO
Reversal
Tray
Switch without
sensor
back reading
receiving pro- length
ORG-IN hibited? detected
(mm)
Reversal
without Size
reading (288.2mm
length
or over)
decided
(mm)
OFF
ON
YES
NO
~314
~357
357~
297
330
384
~277
~314
~357
357~
257
297
330
384
YES
~268
268~
257 OFF
ON
279 OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
NO
YES
OFF
ON
NO
~314
~357
357~
297
330
384
YES
OFF
ON
YES
~114
114~
ON
79
148
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 39
OFF
ON
Size
decided
A5-R
A5-R
B5-R
A5-R
B5-R
B5-R
A4
B5-R
A4-R
FOLIO
A4-R
FOLIO
A3
A4-R
B5
B5-R
A4-R
FOLIO
A3
B4
B4
B5
B5
LT
A4
A4-R
FOLIO
A4-R
FOLIO
A3
A4-R
B4
LD
A3
A5-R
A4-R
LT series
Trayguide
width
Not over detected
160mm? receiving
ORG-IN
(mm)
NO
~110
~178
~237
Trayguide
width
decided
receiving
ORG-IN
(mm)
79
140
Original
length
sensor at
scanning
standby
position
OFF
ON
216 OFF
ON
Size 2
(Width
268.4mm
or over)
OFF
ON
Size 1
Mixed
(Width
originals
196.0mm mode?
or over)
OFF
ON
NO
Reversal
Tray
Switch without
sensor
back reading
receiving pro- length
ORG-IN hibited? detected
(mm)
257 OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
279 OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
NO
YES
~110
110~
279
330
356
432
~305
~343
~394
394~
279
330
356
432
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
NO
YES
OFF
ON
~305
~343
~394
394~
OFF
ON
YES
268~
Size
(Width
288.2mm
or over)
OFF
ON
YES
~268
Reversal
without
reading
length
decided
(mm)
OFF
ON
~305
~343
~394
394~
279
330
356
432
ON
79
140
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 40
OFF
ON
Size
decided
ST-R
ST-R
LD
8.5”x8.5”
LT-R
LT-R
LG
LT-R
13”LG
LG
LD
8.5”x8.5”
8.5”x8.5”
LT
LT-R
LG
LT-R
13”LG
LG
LD
COMP
COMP
8.5”x8.5”
LT
LT
A4
LT-R
LG
LT-R
13”LG
LG
LD
COMP
LD
A3
ST-R
LT-R
16. 9. Flow Chart
(1) Power ON → Start of communication line
Power ON
Jig board installed?
NO
YES
Program rewritten
Data read from EEPROM
A
Cover closed?
YES
Sensor adjusted
Communication started
B
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 41
NO
(2) Rewriting of flash ROM
A
Normal ROM
installed on jig board?
NO
YES
ROM abnormality
displayed on LED
Flash ROM deleted
Flash ROM
succeeded to delete?
NO
YES
Failure of deleting flash ROM
displayed on LED
Flash ROM rewritten
Flash ROM
rewriting succeeded?
NO
YES
Success of rewriting
displayed on LED
Failure of rewriting
displayed on LED
Flash ROM
rewriting completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 42
(3) Start of communication line → Operation monitoring
3
B
Cover closed?
1
NO
Operation started
YES
All sensors OFF?
NO
Operation completed?
YES
NO
YES
Initialization
Cover opened?
YES
Initialization
detected jam?
YES
4
3
Finished due to jam?
NO
NO
Cover open?
YES
YES
NO
NO
Original setting
signal received?
4
YES
1
Cover opened?
NO
3
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 43
NO
(4) Initialization
Initialization started
Feed motor reverse rotation
Read motor forward rotation
Large original exit motor
reverse rotation
Small original exit motor
forward rotation
For paper no removal detection,
specified time passed?
Original found on
the transporting path?
YES
NO
Paper no removal detection
Initialization completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 44
Jam
(5) Control for separation
Control for Separation started
2
1
Lifting tray up
Registration sensor ON?
NO
From original length sensor ON,
specified pulse passed?
YES
YES
Lifting tray up completed?
NO
NO
A
Feed motor stopped
Registration sensor ON?
YES
NO
YES
A
Feed motor forward rotation
Registration sensor OFF?
NO
Specified pulse passed?
YES
Original length sensor ON?
YES
NO
Feed motor forward rotation
Feed motor stopped
YES
2
Lifting tray down
Pre-feeding control from
registration roller started
1
Pre-feeding trailing edge
control started
Control for Separation completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 45
NO
(6) Control for pre-feeding from registration roller
Control for pre-feeding from
registration roller started
Feed acceptable?
Control for pre-feeding from
the 1st roller started
NO
YES
Read sensor ON?
NO
YES
Feed motor reverse rotation
Specified pulse passed?
NO
YES
Feed motor acceleration
completed?
NO
Size detected
YES
First copy?
NO
YES
NO
YES
Read motor stopped
Read motor forward rotation
Reached the 1st roller?
Size detection succeeded?
NO
Control for leading edge
scanning started
YES
Pre-feeding control
from the 1st roller started
Control for pre-feeding
from the 1st roller completed
Control for pre-feeding
from registration roller completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 46
Reversal without reading started
(7) Trailing edge control for pre-feeding
Trailing edge control
for pre-feeding started
Original trailing edge passed
original length sensor?
1
NO
Small original?
YES
NO
YES
A
Feed motor stopped
Original length data acquired
NO
Small original?
Next original detection started
YES
Feed motor stopped
Midpoint between registration
roller and the 1st roller passed?
YES
Trailing edge control
for pre-feeding completed
Next original detection started
Registration sensor OFF?
NO
YES
1
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 47
NO
(8) Control for next original detection
Control for next original
detection started
Lifting tray up
YES
NO
Specified time passed?
YES
NO
Next original?
YES
NO
Lifting tray up completed?
Lifting tray down
YES
Next original separation started
Lifting tray down completed?
NO
YES
Control for next original
detection completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 48
(9) Leading edge control during scanning
Leading edge control
during scanning started
Original trailing edge
on separation side?
1
NO
Leading edge transported to
large original exit side?
NO
YES
YES
A
Original trailing edge passed
original length sensor?
YES
Large original exit motor
forward rotation
Large original exit solenoid ON
Disengagement solenoid ON
Original trailing edge on large
original exit side?
NO
Feed motor reverse rotation
NO
YES
Previous original trailing
edge passed the 3rd roller?
YES
Disengagement solenoid
ON completed?
NO
NO
YES
Large original exit motor
reverse rotation
Large original exit motor stopped
Read motor started
The 3rd roller reached?
YES
Scanning position reached?
NO
C
YES
Scanning start signal set
1
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 49
NO
C
Leading edge transported
to large original exit side?
NO
YES
Large original exit motor used
in RADF transporting operation?
NO
Leading edge control
during transporting started
YES
Disengagement solenoid ON
Large original exit
motor stopped?
NO
YES
Large original exit motor started
The 4th roller reached?
NO
YES
Large original exit sensor ON?
NO
YES
Large original exit roller reached?
NO
YES
Leading edge control
during scanning completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 50
(10) Trailing edge control during scanning
Trailing edge control
during scanning started
Original trailing edge
on separation side?
1
NO
Transported to large
original exit side?
YES
Original trailing edge
passed the 1st roller?
YES
NO
Read motor
accelerated until max. speed
YES
Read sensor OFF?
NO
Large original exit motor
accelerated until max. speed
YES
Scanning position passed?
NO
Disengagement solenoid OFF
YES
2
Scanning start signal reset
1
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 51
NO
2
The 3rd roller passed?
NO
YES
Transported to large
original exit side?
NO
YES
The 4th roller passed?
YES
The 4th roller pass
margin passed?
NO
The 3rd roller pass
margin passed?
YES
Trailing edge control
during transporting started
YES
Trailing edge control
for large original
discharging started
Trailing edge control during
scanning completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 52
NO
(11) Trailing edge control for large original discharge
Trailing edge control for large
original discharging started
1
Large original exit
motor decelerated
Back side aligned?
YES
NO
Large original sensor OFF?
A
NO
Large original exit
motor forward rotation
NO
Read motor forward rotation
Large original exit motor
forward rotation
YES
Original reversed?
YES
After transporting the specified pulse,
large original exit motor stopped
Large original exit
roller passed?
Large original exit
sensor ON?
NO
YES
YES
Large original exit roller
pass margin passed?
Read motor stopped
NO
NO
YES
Back side aligned?
NO
NO
YES
YES
Discharged on large
original exit side?
Specified pulse passed?
Large original exit
motor stopped
YES
The 1st roller reached?
Large original exit
motor stopped
NO
YES
Large original exit solenoid OFF
1
Pre-feeding control
from the 1st roller started
Trailing edge control for large
original discharging completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 53
YES
Large original exit
motor stopped?
NO
(12) Leading edge control during transporting
Leading edge control during
transporting started
Specified pulse of original leading
edge passed from the 3rd roller?
1
NO
Intermediate transport
roller reached?
NO
YES
YES
Large original exit motor
reverse rotation
Back side?
NO
YES
Back side?
NO
Small original exit motor
reversal sensor ON?
YES
YES
Small original exit solenoid ON
Leading edge control during
transporting completed
Small original exit motor
reverse rotation
Intermediate transport
sensor ON?
NO
YES
1
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 54
NO
(13) Trailing edge control during transporting
Trailing edge control during
transporting started
Intermediate transport
sensor OFF?
1
NO
Small original reversal
sensor OFF?
YES
NO
YES
A
Specified pulse of original trailing edge
passed from intermediate transport roller?
After counting specified pulse,
small original exit motor stopped
NO
YES
Next original leading
edge reached?
Small original exit motor
forward rotation
NO
YES
Large original exit
motor stopped
Small original reversal
sensor ON?
Large original exit motor speed
changed to scanning one
NO
YES
Front side?
Small original exit
sensor ON?
NO
YES
YES
Trailing edge control
for small original
discharging started
Specified pulse passed?
NO
YES
Small original exit
motor decelerated
1
Trailing edge control during
transporting completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 55
Trailing edge control
for small original
discharging started
NO
(14) Leading edge/trailing edge control for small original discharging
Leading edge control for small
original discharging started
Trailing edge control for small
original discharging started
Specified pulse of original leading edge NO
passed from intermediate transport roller?
Back side?
YES
NO
YES
A
Small original exit
motor forward rotation
Small original reversal
sensor OFF?
NO
YES
Small original exit
sensor ON?
YES
NO
Specified pulse passed?
NO
YES
Leading edge control for small
original discharging completed
Small original exit
motor decelerated
Small original exit
sensor OFF?
NO
YES
Small original exit
roller passed?
YES
Small original exit
motor stopped
Trailing edge control for small
original discharging completed
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 56
NO
OFF
ON
CW H
CW L
Stop
Read sensor
Read motor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 57
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Large original exit sensor
Intermediate transport sensor
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Small original reverse sensor
Small original exit sensor
Small original exit solenoid
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Disengagement solenoid
Small original exit motor
OFF
ON
Large original exit solenoid
Large original exit motor
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Registration sensor
Reading start signal(SCN-STR)
OFF
ON
Original length sensor
CW
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Empty sensor
Feed motor
Upword
Stop
Downword
OFF
ON
Lower limit sensor
Tray lift motor
OFF
ON
Upper limit sensor
0
811 950
1003
1129
1808
1705
2922
2859
2870
3304
3282
2860
2943
3070
2883
2954 3048
3152
2701
2510 2620
2483 2634
2483
3000
2954 3048
3076
2883
2943
2660 2869
2610
2510
2483
2360
2206
2137
2240
1998 2227
1898
2147 2227
1888
2000
1829
1818
1818
1580
1363
1385
1024
1151
964
761 1035 1129
1233
631
562
652
691
671
423
1035 1129
1151
964
1024
741 950
572 652
348
323
313
1000
3499
3727
3624
3737
3748
3822
3737 3817
3807
4789
4809
4778
4620
4429 4539
4402 4553
4402
4553
4279
4429 4539
4402
4145
4135
4000
5000
6000
7000
(ms)
16. 10. Timing Chart
(a) Two sheets of A3 single-sided original
OFF
ON
CW H
CW L
Stop
Read sensor
Read motor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 58
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Large original exit sensor
Intermediate transport sensor
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Small original reverse sensor
Small original exit sensor
Small original exit solenoid
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Disengagement solenoid
Small original exit motor
OFF
ON
Large original exit solenoid
Large original exit motor
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Registration sensor
Reading start signal(SCN-STR)
OFF
ON
Original length sensor
CW
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Empty sensor
Feed motor
Upword
Stop
Downword
OFF
ON
Lower limit sensor
Tray lift motor
OFF
ON
Upper limit sensor
0
652
681
671
1233
1003
1129
1385
1363
811 950
1024 1151
964
761 1035 1129
1233
631
562
1000
1035 1129
964
1151
1024
741 950
652
423
572
348
323
313
1995
1829
1923
1818
1808
1705
1580
1898
1818
3241
3135 3188
3262 3389
3202
3085 3273 3367
3471
3000
2701
2805
3367
31353185 3389
2786 3054 3262 3471
2744
3202
3601
3623
2483 2634 27643065 3085 3367
2733
3273 3482
2510 2620
2483
2736
2360
2510 2711
2483
2206
2137
2246
2227
2227
2147
2000
1888
4000
5052
4974 5022
4721
4939
4748 4758
5279
5500
5340
4982
5450
4721 4872 5002 5365
4721
4721
4598
4748 4949 5072
5000
5955
6166
6085
6099
6324
6335
7192
7089
7202
7213
8120
8170
8128
7867 8018 8148
8117
7894 8004
7867
7867
7744
7894 8095
7610
7600
(ms)
7282
7287
7272
7202
7000
6964
6769
6747
6334
6408 6535
6348
6513
6617
6387
6419 6513
6348
6408 6535
6125 6334
6075
6000
(b) Two sheets of A3 two-sided original
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 59
OFF
ON
CW H
CW L
Stop
Read sensor
Read motor
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Large original exit sensor
Intermediate transport sensor
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Small original reverse sensor
Small original exit sensor
Small original exit solenoid
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Disengagement solenoid
Small original exit motor
OFF
ON
Large original exit solenoid
Large original exit motor
7867
8120
7894 8095
8519 8572 8773
8519 8572
8646 8773
8586
8469 8657 8751
8855
8625
9000
8085
8189
8751
8170
CW H
8128
8438 8586 8855
CW L
8646
8985
Stop 7867 8018 8148
8469 8751
CCW L
8449 8657 8866 9007
8117
CCW H 7894 8004
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Registration sensor
Reading start signal(SCN-STR)
OFF
ON
Original length sensor
CW
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Empty sensor
Feed motor
Upword
Stop
Downword
OFF
ON
Lower limit sensor
Tray lift motor
OFF
ON
Upper limit sensor
8000
10105
10105
1035810406
10132 10333 10456
10652
10323
10105
10663
11339
11708
11719
11550
11469
11483
11494
11277
11469
11139
11000
10436
10724
10366
10256
10834
10105
10386 10749
10355
10132 10242
10884
9982
10000
12000
(ms)
OFF
ON
CW H
CW L
Stop
Read sensor
Read motor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 60
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Large original exit sensor
Intermediate transport sensor
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Small original reverse sensor
Small original exit sensor
Small original exit solenoid
Small original exit motor
OFF
ON
Disengagement solenoid
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Large original exit solenoid
Large original exit motor
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Registration sensor
Reading start signal(SCN-STR)
OFF
ON
Original length sensor
CW
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Empty sensor
Feed motor
Upword
Stop
Downword
OFF
ON
Lower limit sensor
Tray lift motor
OFF
ON
Upper limit sensor
0
348
423
323
313
964 1044
1353 1433
2000
1985
974
1239
1003
1412
811 950
1024 1151
964
761 1035 1129
1233
631
2207
2575
2978
3453
3445
3355
3285
2505 2605
2123
3120
3268
2630
3165
2941 3140
2914
2340
2173
2488 2699
1922 2066
2134 2374
1911 2038
2161 2360
1762
1634
1612
2745
2925
1858
2914
1922 2016
2120
2622
3000
1911 2038
1735
1890
1890
2308
2298
2126
1900 1980
1970
1204 1433
995
1472
1911
964 1129 1452 1638
984
1900
741 950
1522 1624
562
1343
671
652
691
572 652
1034
1000
4000
5000
6000
7000
(ms)
(c) Two sheets of A4 single-sided original
OFF
ON
CW H
CW L
Stop
Read sensor
Read motor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 61
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Large original exit sensor
Intermediate transport sensor
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Small original reverse sensor
Small original exit sensor
Small original exit solenoid
Small original exit motor
OFF
ON
Disengagement solenoid
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Large original exit solenoid
Large original exit motor
CW H
CW L
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Registration sensor
Reading start signal(SCN-STR)
OFF
ON
Original length sensor
CW
Stop
CCW L
CCW H
OFF
ON
Empty sensor
Feed motor
Upword
Stop
Downword
OFF
ON
Lower limit sensor
Tray lift motor
OFF
ON
Upper limit sensor
0
348
423
322
313
984
1433
1435
1452
1239
1003
1233
1385
1365
1580
1412
1343
1129
974
1433
1353
1204
1064
811 950
1024
964
1151
761 1035 1129
1233
974
741 950
631
562
671
652
691
652
572
585
1054
1000
2494 2547
2621 2748
2561
2444 2632 2726
2826
2600
2076
2164
2123
2895
2726
3537
3517
4321
4967 5020
5094 5221
5034
4917 5105 5199
5303
5073
5000
3189
3259
3209
3359
3455
4043
3785
4257
4321
4150
4340
4187
4090 4207
4176
4076
3938
3806
4554
4815
4807
4717
4647
4630
4539
4637
4596
5368
5199
4967 5020 5221
4618 4886
5094 5303
3209 3498 3592 3983 4003
4576
5024
3732
4321 4472 4596 4897 5105 5316
4917 5199
3231 3487 3614
4025
4565
3759 3958
4348 4458
3696
3455
3498 3592
3696
3855
4194
4348 4458
4549
4321 4472
4560
4000
3845
3702
3487 3614
3332
3466
3437
3447
3458
3447 3527
3532
3098 3200
3048
3214
3000
2494 2547 2748
2143 2621 2826
2013 2145
2561
2009
2122 2424 2444
2841
1858
2092
2632 2726
1885 1995
1858
1735
1885 1995
2086
1858 2009
2097
2000
5732
5662
5928
5832
5682
5704
5928
5805
6348
6150
6612
6515
6695
6542
6455 6562
6531
6441
6303
6124 6323
6097
6108
6097
6000
6909
6985
7220
7072
7162
7002
7200
7000
(ms)
(d) Two sheets of A4 two-sided original
16. 11. Circuits
(1) Input circuits for read sensor, large original exit sensor, small original reverse sensor and original
length sensor
Since the read sensor, large original exit sensor, small original reverse sensor and original length sensor
have almost the same circuitry, only the input circuit for the read sensor is described as followed.
This circuit consists of the voltage-current conversion circuit, which adjusts the amount of light of the
infrared LED, and the voltage comparison circuit, which compares the voltage output from a
phototransistor (PTr) with a reference voltage and converts the output voltage into digital signals.
The read sensor is a mirror reflection sensor, and consists of a pair of emission elements (infrared
LEDs) and a light receiving element (PTr). Both elements have a light axis running in the same direction.
There is a mirror on the extended light axis of these elements. When there is no original between the
elements and the mirror, infrared light emitted from LED is reflected by PTr in high reflectance. If there is
an original, light emission to the mirror and reflected light from the mirror are blocked by the original, and
the reflected light entering PTr becomes extremely small.
When a large amount of light is entering PTr (this means there is no original) the optical current flowing
in the PTr is increased, and the voltage of IC6-8pin becomes higher due to a drop in voltage caused by
R109. IC6 is a comparator which compares the reference voltage input to 9pin (non-reverse input
terminal) with the signal voltage of 8pin (reverse input terminal). If the voltage of 8pin is higher, the
output level (IC6-14pin) is "L". On the contrary, when the amount of the incoming light is small (this
means there is an original), the voltage of 14pin is low and the voltage of IC6-14pin becomes "H". R56,
C56 and C57 are noise filters. This circuit has an automatic sensitivity adjustment function to control the
unevenness of the sensor sensitivity. Uneven sensor sensitivity is corrected by controlling the machine
to have a constant PTr voltage when there is no original. The intensity of the infrared light emitted from
the LEDs is changed to adjust the PTr voltage.
When the sensor sensitivity adjustment mode is selected, the PTr output voltage (analog value) is
measured by the A-D input terminals of CPU. The output voltage of the D-A converter is changed to
keep the PTr output voltage to a certain level, and the LED current is adjusted by a voltage-current
conversion circuit consisting of IC11, R65, Q6, etc. Each machine; has a different D-A output voltage
value, which is stored in the volatile memory.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 62
(2) Irruptive current control circuit
This circuit controls the irruptive current flowing into the current regeneration condensers mounted on
the drive circuits for the motors to a certain value. The circuit consists of a posister (PTH1) which
controls the current and FET (Q12) which supplies the current in normal conditions.
Base current is not supplied to Q2 and it becomes OFF after the RADF open/close switch and cover
open/close switch are turned OFF till the cathode voltage of ZD3 reaches the zener voltage. At this
time, both voltages are set by R36 and C107. Q12 is turned OFF correspondingly to supply the current
to PTH1, and the current regeneration condensers are charged.
After the current regeneration condensers are fully charged and when the cathode voltage of ZD3
exceeds the zener voltage after the time allowance given by C107 and R36, a base current is supplied
to Q2 to turn it ON and Q12 comes ON correspondingly. The current limitation is canceled and the
current flowing in the PTH1 starts to be supplied to Q12.
R66, R67, R68 and R69 are discharge resistors to capture charge stored in the current regeneration
condensers right after either of the RADF open/close switch or cover open/close switch is opened. The
circuit consisted of PTH2 and D1 captures the charge stored in C107 right after either the RADF open/
close switch or the cover open/close switch is opened, and also controls incoming current for
instantaneous opening/closing of the cover.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 63
(3) Drive circuit for read motor
This circuit controls the rotation/stoppage and the direction of rotation, excitation mode and motor
current of the read motor.
A drive clock signal (RMOT_CLK) and rotation direction signal (CWB) are input to control the speed and
direction of the motor rotation. M1 and M2 are the exciting mode setting signals.
The PWM signal of RMOT_CU is separated and smoothed at R80, R76 and C91, and it is input into
IC10-7pin(Vref) to set the motor current value. The motor current value can be changed by altering
duties of the PWM signal.
(4) Drive circuit for feed motor
This circuit controls the rotation/stoppage, the direction of the rotation of the feed motor and the motor
current. The drive pattern signal is input into IC15-6, 7, 8, 9 to control the speed and direction of the
motor rotation.
The PWM signal is input into FMOT_CU and separated and smoothed at R89, R87 and C87, and it is
input into IC15-12pin (Vref) to set the motor current value. The motor current value can be changed by
altering duties of the PWM signal.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 64
(5) Drive circuit for large original exit motor, small original exit motor and tray lift motor
Since the large original exit motor, small original exit motor and tray lift motor have almost the same
circuitries, the drive circuits for the small original exit motor and tray lift motor are not described. The
following is the drive circuit for the large original exit motor.
This circuit controls the rotation/stoppage, the direction of the rotation of the large original exit motor and
the motor circuit. The drive pattern signal is input into IC2-5, 6, 16, 17pin to control the speed and
direction of the motor rotation.
The PWM signal is input into LMOT_CU and separated and smoothed at R90, R85 and C86, and it is
input into IC2-3pin(RefA) and14pin(RefB) to set the motor current value. The motor current value can be
changed by altering duties of the PWM signal.
(6) Drive circuit for disengagement solenoid, small original exit solenoid and large original exit solenoid
This circuit controls the closing/opening of the flappers of the disengagement, small original exit and
large original exit solenoids.
When the level of ESSOL, SSOL, LSOL is “H”, Q9, Q10, Q11 are turned ON and the flappers are
closed. The drive signal for the disengagement solenoid is a PWM signal. The flappers are closed in the
maximum torque of the solenoids and the duty value becomes 100% when the flappers start to be
closed. After finishing closing, the duty value is decreased down to 50% and the flappers are kept
closed while the temperature rise of the solenoids is being lowered.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 65
(7) Reset circuit
This circuit generates a CPU reset signal when the power is turned ON and the power voltage is detected to have become lower.
The level of IC5-6pin (OUT) is normally "H" after the power is turned ON. However, when the power is
turned OFF or the voltage of the +5V power supply is decreased to 4.25V or lower for some reason, the
level of IC5-6pin becomes "L" and the CPU is reset.
(8) EEPROM circuit
This circuit is an EEPROM to store ADF data and its peripheral circuit.
IC3 is a memory to store the adjustment value for reflection-type sensors, and data are sent/received
between IC3 and CPU using a 4-line type serial interface. Data saved in the IC3 is not erased even if the
power is turned OFF.
IC3-1pin (CS) is a chip selection terminal and its level is "H" when data are being sent/received.
IC3-2pin (SK) is a serial clock terminal, and the serial data are sent in synchronization with the clock
input which is input to this terminal.
IC3-3pin (DI) is a input terminal for serial data and IC3-4pin (DO) is an output terminal for serial data.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 66
(9) Conversion circuit for D-A
This is a circuit of the D-A converter to converse the digital signal from CPU to the analog signal.
Controls of CPU are done by the serial communications of each DI, CLK, LD signal. The analog output
signals from Ao1 to Ao4 are used to adjust the light intensity of the light emitting diode (LED) of the
reflective sensor. Also, Ao5 and Ao6 output 5V or 0V and are used as the output ports.
(10) Analog multiplexer circuit
This is a circuit to connect to COM with one of the four analog input signals. As following table shows,
the digital signals input into IC7-11pin(A), IC7-10pin(B) and IC7-9pin(C) switch the corresponding channels and IC7-3pin(COM) at a high speed, and they are input into the A-D input terminal of CPU. Each
channel signal is an analog output signal of the reflective sensor and used to adjust the sensor automatically.
C B A
Corresponding Channel
L L L
0
L L H
1
L H L
2
L H H
3
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 67
16. 12. Input/Output Signals
(1) TXD/ACK/REQ signals
This is an input circuit to communicate with the copier. “1” substitutes 5V and “0” substitutes 0V. The
same logic is used in both the connector and CPU input port.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 68
(2) RXD/SCN-STR/DF_ACK/DF_REQ signals
This is an input circuit to communicate with the copier. “1” substitutes 5V and “0” substitetes 0V. The
same logic is used in both the connector and CPU output port.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 69
(3) Input circuits for each sensor
RADF open/close
sensor
APS operation sensor
Original width sensor 1
Original width sensor 2
Original width sensor 3
Registration sensor
Empty sensor
Upper limit sensor
Lower limit sensor
Intermediate transport
sensor
Small original exit
sensor
Cover open/close
sensor
Tray sensor
Tray width sensor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 70
Small original reverse
sensor
Read sensor
Large original exit
sensor
Original length sensor
These are the input circuits from each photosensor.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 71
Signal logic
Sensor
Connector level 5V(“1”)
Connector level 0V(“0”)
DFOPNS (RADF open/close sensor)
RADF open
RADF close
APS (APS operation sensor)
APS OFF
APS ON
COPS (Cover open/close sensor)
Cover close
Cover open
EMPS (Empty sensor)
No original
Original existing
ULMTS (Upper limit sensor)
Upper limit
—
SIZES 1 (Original width sensor 1)
Original existing
No original
SIZES 2 (Original width sensor 2)
Original existing
No original
SIZES 3 (Original width sensor 3)
Original existing
No original
REGS (Registration sensor)
Original existing
No original
TRYS (Tray sensor)
Original existing
No original
LIMTS (Lower limit sensor)
Lower limit
—
ITFS (Intermediate transport sensor)
Original existing
No original
SOES (Small original exit sensor)
Original existing
No original
READS (Read sensor)
No original
Original existing
SSBS (Small original reverse sensor)
No original
Original existing
LOES (Large original exit sensor)
No original
Original existing
LNGS (Original length sensor)
No original
Original existing
Sensor
TRVR (Tray width sensor)
Connector level more than 4V Connector level less than 1V
Guide maximum
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 72
Guide minimum
16. 13. Disassembly and Replacement
[A] RADF unit
(1) Remove the rear cover and disconnect 1
connector.
Connector
(2) Remove 2 screws, open and move the RADF
unit toward the rear side and take it off
upward.
[B] Covers
ADF front cover
(B-1) ADF front cover
(1) Open the jam access cover, remove 3 screws
and take off the ADF front cover.
(B-2) ADF rear cover
ADF rear cover
(1) Open the jam access cover, remove 4 screws
and take off the ADF rear cover.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 73
(B-3) ADF left cover
ADF left cover
(1) Remove 2 screws and take off the ADF left
cover while moving it downward.
[C] ADF board
(4)
Lock support
(1) Remove 4 screws and take off the rear cover.
(2) Disconnect all 15 connectors from the board.
(3) Remove 1 screw and 2 lock supports and take
(3)
off the ADF board.
(4) Remove 2 screws, release the harness from
the clamp and take off the bracket.
(4)
Note: By disconnecting 15 connectors and removing
ADF board
3 screws mentioned at the above (2), (3) and
(4), ADF board can be taken off with the bracket.
Upper guide cover
[D] Rollers
(D-1) Pickup roller/Feed roller
(1) Open the jam access cover.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the upper
guide cover.
(3) Remove the clips at the pickup unit, displace
the bushings and take off the pickup unit.
Clip
Bushing
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 74
(4) Remove 3 clips and pull out the feed roller
shaft, pickup roller belt and pickup
Pickup belt
Clip
intermediate shaft. Then take off the pickup
belt and feed roller.
Feed roller
(D-2) Separation roller
Upper guide unit
(1) Open the jam access cover.
(2) Remove the pickup unit.
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off the upper
guide unit.
(4) Remove 2 screws and take off the separation
unit.
Separation unit
(5) Remove the clip at the rear side, displace the
bushing and take off the separation roller from
the holder.
Separation roller
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 75
Clip, Bushing
(6) Remove the clip and pull out the pulley, parallel
Pulley, Parallel pin
pin and separation roller from the shaft.
Clip
Separation roller
[E] Motors
(3)
Connector
(E-1) Feed motor
(4)
(1) Open the jam access cover.
(2) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(3) Remove 2 screws of the harness cover and
(6)
(4)
slack off the harness.
(3)
(4) Disconnect 1 connector, take off the tension
spring, remove 2 screws and take off the feed
motor with the tension bracket.
Feed motor
(5) Remove 2 screws and release the feed motor
from the tension bracket.
<Installing procedure>
(6) After installing the feed motor to the tension
bracket, move it toward the direction of the
white arrow and tack it temporarily to the feed
motor bracket with 2 screws.
(7) Hang the timing belt around the pulley of the
feed motor.
(8) Loosen 2 belt tension screws temporarily and
hook the motor tension spring on the tension
bracket and frame. Then tighten up the screws
while stretching the timing belt.
Note: Make sure that the timing belt is not moved to
the edges.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 76
Tension spring
(E-2) Tray lift motor
Tray lift motor
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(2) Remove the ADF board with the bracket.
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off the tray lift
motor with the bracket.
(4) Pull out 2 pulleys from the shaft and release
the tray lift motor from the bracket.
(E-3) Read motor
Read motor
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(2) Remove the tension spring.
(3) Disconnect 1 connector.
(4) Remove 2 screws and take off the read motor
with the bracket.
(5) Remove 2 screws and release the read motor
from the bracket.
Tension spring
<Installing procedure>
(6) Install the read motor to the bracket. While
hanging the timing belt around both pulleys
at the RADF unit and read motor, move the
bracket downward and tack it there
temporarily with 2 screws.
(7) Hook the tension spring on the brackets.
(8) Loosen the screws temporarily, and tighten
them up while stretching the timing belt.
Note: Make sure that the timing belt is not moved to
the edges.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 77
(E-4) Small original exit motor
Tension spring
Connector
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(2) Remove the ADF board with the bracket.
(4)
(3) Remove the tension spring.
(6)
(4) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 2 screws and
take off the small original exit motor with the
tension bracket.
(5) Remove 2 screws and release the small
(4)
original exit motor from the tension bracket.
Small original exit motor
<Installing procedure>
(6) Install the small original exit motor to the
tension bracket. While hanging the timing belt
around the pulley of the small original exit motor,
move the tension bracket fully to the right side
and tack it there temporarily with 2 screws.
(7) Hook the tension spring on the tension brackets.
(8) Loosen the screws temporarily, and tighten
them up while stretching the timing belt.
Note: Make sure that the timing belt is not moved to
the edges.
(E-5) Large original exit motor
Large original exit motor
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(4)
(2) Remove the ADF board with the bracket.
(3) Loosen 2 screws, move the large original exit
motor fully downward and tack it there
(4)
temporarily.
(4) Remove 2 screws and take off the large
original exit motor.
(3)
(3)
<Installing procedure>
(5) While hunging the timing belt around the
pulley of the large original exit motor, tack the
large original exit motor to the tension bracket
temporarily with 2 screws.
(6) Loosen the screws temporarily, and tighten
them up while stretching the timing belt.
Note: Make sure that the timing belt is not moved to
the edges.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 78
[F] Solenoids
Small original exit solenoid
(F-1) Small original exit solenoid
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(2) Remove the ADF board with the bracket.
(3) Remove the large original exit motor.
(4) Remove 1 screw and take off the small
original exit solenoid with the bracket.
(5) Remove 2 screws and release the small
original exit solenoid from the bracket.
(F-2) Large original exit solenoid
(1) Remove the ADF front cover while keeping
the jam access cover open.
Large original
exit solenoid
Estrangement
solenoid link
Connector
(F-2)(3)
(2) Disconnect 1 connector.
(3) Remove 1 screw and take off the large
Harness
duct
original exit solenoid with the bracket.
(4) Remove 1 screw and release the large
original exit solenoid from the bracket.
Disengagement solenoid
(F-3)(3)
(F-3) Disengagement solenoid
(1) Remove the ADF front cover.
(2) Remove the clip and take off the disengagement solenoid link.
(3) Remove 1 screw fixing the harness duct,
release 2 latches and move the harness duct
to the right side.
(4) Remove 1 screw fixing the disengagement
solenoid bracket, disconnect 1 connector and
take off the disengagement solenoid with the
bracket.
(5) Remove 2 screws and release the disengagement solenoid from the bracket.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 79
(F-3)(4)
[G] Sensors/Switches
Cover open/close sensor
(G-1) Lifting tray upper limit sensor/Empty sensor/
Cover open/close sensor
(1) Open the jam access cover, remove 2 screws
Empty sensor
and take off the upper guide cover.
(2) Disconnect the connectors and release the
latches and take off the lifting tray upper limit
sensor, empty sensor and cover open/close
Lifting tray upper
limit sensor
sensor.
(G-2) Lifting tray lower limit sensor
Upper guide stay
(1) Remove the upper guide unit.
(2) Remove 2 screws and take off the upper
guide stay.
(3) Open the reverse guide, detach the front side
inlet and take off the guide toward the front
Inlet
Reverse guide
side.
(4) Remove 4 screws and take off the lower
guide.
Lower guide
(5) Disconnect 1 connector and take off the lifting
tray lower limit sensor.
Lifting tray lower limit sensor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 80
(G-3) Original length sensor
Original length sensor
(1) Remove the lower guide.
(2) Remove 1 screw, disconnect 1 connector and
take off the original length sensor with the
bracket.
(3) Remove 1 screw and release the original
length sensor from the bracket.
(G-4) Cover open/close switch
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(2) Remove 1 screw and take off the cover open/
close switch.
Cover open/close switch
(G-5) Tray sensor
Back cover
(1) Open the tray, remove 3 screws and take off
the back cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, release the latches
and take off the tray sensor.
Tray sensor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 81
(G-6) Tray width sensor
(1) Open the tray, remove 3 screws and take off
the back cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector, remove 1 screw and
take off the tray width sensor.
Note: Put together both marks at the rack and pinion
as shown by the right figure when installing the
tray width sensor.
(G-7) APS operation sensor
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
(2) Disconnect 1 connector.
(3) Remove 1 screw and take off the APS
operation sensor with the bracket.
(4) While turning the sensor flag to deflect the
light shielding section from the sensor, release
the latches and take off the APS operation
APS operation sensor
sensor.
Sensor flag
(G-8) Intermediate transport sensor
(1) Open the platen sheet and remove 1 screw
fixing the band.
(2) Move the platen sheet toward the direction of
the white arrow to deflect the fulcrum and take
it off.
Platen sheet
(3) Remove 2 screws and take off the scanning
end guide.
(4) Remove 4 screws and take off the small
original transport guide.
Scanning
end guide
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 82
Small original
transport guide
(5) Disconnect 1 connector, release the latches
Intermediate transport sensor
and take off the intermediate transport sensor.
(G-9) RADF open/close switch
(1) Remove the ADF rear cover.
Blue Orange Brown
(2) Disconnect 3 connectors.
(3) Remove 1 screw and take off the RADF open/
close switch with the bracket.
(4) Remove 1 screw and release the RADF open/
close switch from the bracket.
<Installing procedure>
(5) After installing the RADF open/close switch to
the bracket, connect the connectors to it in
RADF open/close switch
the alignment shown by the right figure.
(G-10) Large original exit sensor
(1) Open the jam access cover.
(2) Open the reverse guide and detach the front
side inlet and take off the guide toward the
front side.
(3) Open the scanning guide, detach the inlets at
both sides and take off the guide upward while
holding both sides.
Scanning guide
(4) Remove 2 screws and take off the large
original exit guide.
Large original exit guide
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 83
(5) Remove 1 screw, disconnect 1 connector and
Large original exit sensor
take off the large original exit sensor with the
bracket.
(6) Remove 1 screw and release the large
original exit sensor from the bracket.
(G-11) Read sensor
(1) Remove the ADF left cover.
(2) Remove 1 screw, disconnect 1 connector and
take off the read sensor with the bracket.
(3) Remove 1 screw and release the read sensor
from the bracket.
Read sensor
(G-12) Registration sensor/Original length sensor
Upper transport guide
(1) Remove the ADF left cover.
(2) Open the jam access cover, remove 5 screws
and take off the upper transport guide.
(3) Release each latch, disconnect each
Registration sensor
connector, and take off the registration sensor
and original width sensors.
Original width sensor
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 84
[H] Platen guide
Platen guide
(1) Remove 2 screws fixing the platen guide.
(2) Move the platen guide toward the direction of
the white arrow until the right side edge of
(2)
the guide can be seen.
(3) Remove the platen guide toward the direction
of the white arrow.
(3)
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 85
[I] Mylar and mirror seal
(I-1) Mirror seal for original length sensor
Ref.
0 ~ 0.5 mm
Upper guide
Ref.
0 ~ 0.5 mm
Mylar
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 86
(I-2) Mylar for read sensor
Attach the mylar aligning
the edge of it with the
0 ~ 0.5 mm
corner end of the guide.
Positioning the mylar
Ref.
other than from the
corner end of the guide is
not allowed.
Platen outside guide
Attach the mylar
passing through the
guide window to
prevent twisting and
too strong contact on
the edge of the guide
window.
Mylar
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 87
(I-3) Mirror seal for large original exit sensor
Ref.
Ref.
0 ~ 0.5 mm
Large original
exit guide
Attach the mirror seal
aligning the doublesided tape edge with
the guide window
edge.
Attach the mirror seal
Double-sided tape
passing through the
must not be out of the
guide window to
guide window edge.
prevent twisting and
too strong contact on
the edge of the guide
window.
Mirror seal
Double-sided tape on
the back
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 88
(I-4) Mirror seal for small original reversal sensor
Ref.
Attach the mirror seal
0 ~ 0.5 mm
with fitting the edge of it
to the rib.
Do not interfere the rib.
Ref.
0 ~ 0.5 mm
Under transport guide
for small original
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 89
(I-5) Mirror seal for read sensor
Reference hole:
Attach the mirror seal with locating its
edge to the reference hole position.
Mirror seal
Platen guide
Mirror seal
Reference hole
Ref.
1 ~ 1.5 mm
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 90
(I-6) Mirror seal for large original exit sensor
Positioning other than from the edge
of the guide is not allowed.
0 ~ 1.0 mm
Ref.
Reverse guide
Mirror seal
Attach the mirror seal
between ribs.
Do not interfere the rib.
AR-651/810 RADF (DOCUMENT FEEDER) 16 - 91
17. POWER SUPPLY UNIT
17. 1. Construction
The power supply unit is comprised of the AC filter and insulation type DC output circuits.
(1) AC filter
AC filter eliminates noise from the outside and prevents the noise generated by the copier from leaking to
the outside.
(2) DC output circuits
The DC outputs are roughly divided into the following two lines:
쩸Main switch system
: Power supply used during image forming processes, consisting of the outputs of
four voltages (+3.3V, +5.1V, +12V and +24V) which start up when the main
switch is turned ON.
쩹Door switch system
: Power supply used by the entire machine during image forming processes and
supplied via the door switch, consisting of the outputs of 3 voltages (+5.1V,
+24V and +36V) which start up when the main switch is turned ON with the door
switch being ON.
17. 2. Operation of DC Output Circuits
(1) Start of operation
When the main switch of the copier is turned ON and if the door is closed, all the power supply systems
start up at the same time.
(2) Stop of operation
When the main switch of the copier is turned OFF, a power-OFF signal (PWR-DN) is output after an
instantaneous outage insurance time (20 ms mini.) has elapsed. After the power-OFF signal has been
output, the main system power supply is allowed to retain its rated voltages for the minimum retaining time
(50ms. or more) and then lets them start dropping.
(3) Output protection
Each output system includes an over-current protection circuit (a fuse and internal protection circuit) and
an over-voltage protection circuit. This is to prevent abnormal operation or damage to the secondary circuit
which may be caused by an over-current due to a shorted load or an over-voltage due to a short-circuit
between different voltages.
If the protection circuit has been activated and the fuse is not blown out, remove the cause of the shortcircuit and turn ON the power again to clear the circuit.
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 1
17. 3. Output Channel
There are 4 output channels which do not work with the door switch.
(1) 3.3V
3.3VA
: J407
5pin
Output to PLG board
3.3VB
: J408
5pin
Output to SLG board
3.3VC
: J405
1pin, 2pin
Output to SYS board
(2) 5.1V
5.1VB
: J405
5pin, 6pin
Output to SYS board and printer board (via SYS board)
5.1VC
: J405
7pin
Output to HDD
5.1VD
: J406
1pin, 2pin
Output to LGC board
5.1VE
: J408
7pin, 8pin
Output to SLG board
5.1VF
: J407
1pin
Output to PLG board
5.1VG
: J407
2pin
Output to PLG board
5.1VH
: J409
1pin
Output to Finisher
(3) 12V
12VA
: J405
13pin
Output to HDD
12VB
: J407
6pin
Output to PLG board
12VC
: J408
11pin
Output to SLG board
12VD
: J406
8pin
Output to LGC board
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 2
(4) 24V
24VF
: J408
1pin, 2pin
Output to RADF
24VG
: J406
4pin
Output to LGC board
There are 3 output channels which work with the door switch.
(1) 5.1V
5.1VA
: J403
3pin
Output to PLG board
(2) 24V
24VA
: J402
1pin
Output to LGC board
24VB
: J402
2pin
Output to LGC board
24VC
: J402
3pin
Output to LGC board
24VD
: J403
1pin
Output to PLG board
24VE
: J404
5pin
Output to SLG board
24VH
: J409
3pin, 4pin
Output to Finisher
(3) 36V
36VA
: J402
7pin
Output to LGC board
36VB
: J402
8pin
Output to LGC board
36VC
: J404
1pin, 2pin
Output to SLG board
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 3
<<Output connector>>
Not working with the door switch
J405
for SYS board
J406
for LGC board
J407
for PLG board
J408
for SLG board
J409
for Finisher
(1pin, 2pin)
Working with the door switch
J402
for LGC board
J403
for PLG board
J404
for SLG board
J409
for Finisher
(3pin~6pin)
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 4
17. 4. Fuse
When the power supply secondary fuse is blown out, confirm that there is no abnormality with each part
using the following table.
Voltage
Board/Unit
24VA
LGC
Part
System fan motor
Fuse type
F3: 4A (Semi time-lag)
Duct in fan motor
Laser unit fan motor
Developer unit fan motor
Developer unit motor
Drum separation finger solenoid
Total counter
Key copy counter
Gate solenoid
Duct out fan motor
24VB
LGC
Main switch
F4: 4A (Semi time-lag)
Auto-toner sensor
Drum surface potential sensor
Discharge lamp
High-voltage developer bias
Reverse motor
Exit motor
Transfer belt cam motor
Charger wire cleaner drive motor
Used toner transport motor
Cleaning brush drive motor
New toner supply motor
Toner recycle hopper motor
24VC
LGC
Reversed paper transport clutch 1/2
1st/2nd cassette transport clutch
Tandem LCF transport clutch
1st/2nd cassette feed clutch
Tandem LCF feed clutch
Bypass feed clutch
Reversed paper transport driving clutch
Intermediate transport clutch
Bypass pickup solenoid
Tandem LCF pickup solenoid
End fence solenoid
Duct out fan motor
Exit fan motor
Reverse section fan motor 1/2
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 5
F5: 4A (Semi time-lag)
Voltage
Board/Unit
24VC
LGC
Part
Registration motor
Fuse type
F5: 4A (Semi time-lag)
LCF unit
IH fan motor
Cassette tray-up motor 1/2
LCF tray-up motor
36VA
LGC
Fuser unit motor
F6: 4A (Semi time-lag)
Feed motor
36VB
LGC
Drum motor
Transfer belt motor
24VD
PLG
(OPT)
24VE
SLG
(Scanner)
Polygonal motor
F7: 4A (Semi time-lag)
Laser unit fan motor
SLG fan motor
SLG fan motor driver circuit (SLG board)
Lamp inverter
36VC
SLG
(Scanner)
Scanner motor
F8: 4A (Semi time-lag)
Scanner motor driver circuit (SLG board)
24VH
Finisher
F9: 8A (Semi time-lag)
24VF
RADF
F10: 5A (Semi time-lag)
24VG
LGC
Monitoring system
Total Counter
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 6
17. 5. Configuration of Power Supply Unit
IH
Frequency
reactor
Breaker
Main switch
Live
F1
Noise
filter
Neutral
Noise
filter
Reg.
Door switch
F3
24VA(LGC)
F4
F5
24VB(LGC)
F6
36VA(LGC)
24VC(LGC)
36VB(LGC)
F7
24VD(PLG)
24VE(SLG)
F8
F9
Switching power supply
5.1VA(PLG)
36VC(SLG)
24VH(FIN)
3.3VC(SYS)
5.1VB(SYS)
12VA(SYS)
Frequency
reactor
5.1VC(SYS)
5.1VD(LGC)
12VD(LGC)
F2
Noise
filter
24VG(LGC)
F10
Reg.
24VF(RADF)
3.3VB(SLG)
5.1VE(SLG)
12VC(SLG)
5.1VF(PLG)
5.1VG(PLG)
3.3VA(PLG)
12VB(PLG)
5.1VH(FIN)
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 7
17. 6. Power Supply Sequence
ON
AC input
+3.3V(MAIN)
OFF
Within 700ms
Within10ms
3.2V or more
3.2V or more
0~200ms
4.95V or more
0~200ms
+5.1V(MAIN)
20ms 10ms 20ms
or
or
or
more more more
4.95V or more
10ms~120ms
0~200ms
50ms
or
more
PWR-DN
0~200ms
5ms or more
5ms or more
11.4V or more
0ms or more
0ms or more
21.6V or more
11.4V or more
+12V(MAIN)
21.6V or more
+24V(MAIN)
PWR-DN
Within 200ms
4.95V or more
4.95V or more
21.6V or more
21.6V or more
34.2V or more
34.2V or more
+5.1V(DOOR)
0~200ms
+24V(DOOR)
+36V(DOOR)
AR-651/810 POWER SUPPLY UNIT 17 - 8
18. PRINTED WIRING BOARDS
(1) PWA-F-SYS-340
AR-651/810 PRINTED WIRING BOARDS 18 - 1
(2) PWA-F-LGC-340
AR-651/810 PRINTED WIRING BOARDS 18 - 2
(3) PWA-F-SLG-340
AR-651/810 PRINTED WIRING BOARDS 18 - 3
(4) PWA-F-PLG-340
AR-651/810 PRINTED WIRING BOARDS 18 - 4
(5) PWA-F-CCD2-340
AR-651/810 PRINTED WIRING BOARDS 18 - 5
(6) PWA-F-LDR-340
(7) PWA-F-SNS-340
(8) PWA-F-MOT-340
AR-651/810 PRINTED WIRING BOARDS 18 - 6
(9) PWA-F-MOT2-340
(10) PBA-CONTROL (ADF CONTROL PC BOARD)
AR-651/810 PRINTED WIRING BOARDS 18 - 7
19. UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION
WARNING
5)
UNLOAD
6)
REMOVE
7)
INSTALL
The unpacking and set-up procedure
shall be done by a qualified service
technician.
1)
REMOVE
52
4
30
7
9
64
56
41
(Japan only)
2)
OPEN
3)
REMOVE
4)
INSTALL
8-1) REMOVE
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 1
8-2) REMOVE
12) REMOVE
(Japan only)
2
3
1
9)
13) REMOVE
REPLACE
10) OPEN
14) INSTALL
15) REMOVE
11) REMOVE
1
2
2
3
1
1
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 2
1
20) REMOVE
16) ROTATE
1
2
21) REMOVE
17) DISCONNECT
1
3
2
18) REMOVE
22) REMOVE
1
2
2
19) REMOVE
23) REMOVE
1
2
2
1
1
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 3
2
1
24) REMOVE
28) APPLY
29) LOCK
25) REMOVE
30) APPLY
26) REMOVE
31) INSTALL
27) REMOVE
1
2
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 4
32) UNLOCK
36) INSTALL
33) ROTATE
37) INSTALL
1
2
34) APPLY
38) INSTALL
2
1
1
35) ROTATE
39) INSTALL
1
2
1
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 5
2
44) INSTALL
40) REMOVE
41) FILL
45) INSTALL
1
2
2
42) INSTALL
46) INSTALL
2
1
43) INSTALL
47) ROTATE
3
1
2
2
1
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 6
52) INSTALL
48) INSTALL
• When options are installed, be sure to fasten the
screw securely after the installation.
2
1
49) CONNECT
53) CLOSE
50) ROTATE
54) ADJUSTMENT
51) INSTALL
55) CHECK
1
2
3
3
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 7
(4) After a short time, the value in Zone “B” will
automatically stop changing and, at the
same time, the message will also change as
shown below.
56) PLUG IN
AR-S810
(Japan only)
(5) In this status, check that the value in Zone
“B” is in the range of 245 to 255 (auto-toner
sensor output range of 2.45V to 2.55V).
(6) If the value in Zone “B” is in not in the range
of 245 to 255, use the [ Down] / [ Up]
keys to adjust the value.
57) INSTALL
(7) Press the [SET] key. The message display
will return to [100% TEST MODE A].
(8) Key in code “290” and press the START key.
The copier will start operating. The message
display will return to WAIT.
58) ADJUSTMENT
Adjustment of the Auto-Toner Sensor
(1) While pressing keys [0] and [5]
simultaneously, turn on the power switch to
show [100% TEST MODE A] on the
message display.
(2) Key in code “200” and press the START key.
The copier will start operating, and certain
values will appear in Zones “A” and “B”.
(9) About 1 minute later, the copier will stop
operating. The message display will return
to TEST MODE.
(10) Turn OFF the power switch to finish the
adjustment.
* Do not turn it on again.
59) SHAKE
60) REMOVE
(3) About 2 minutes later, the values in Zone “B”
will start changing.
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 8
64) INSTALL
61) INSTALL
1
2
62) TURN ON
65) INSTALL
66) PRESS
63) ADJUSTMENT
Setting the time
(1) Press the PROGRAM key to enter the
program menu. Then, press the DATE/TIME
key.
• If the key for the desired function is not
shown, press the Next key to switch the
screen.
(2) Key in the year (last two digits only), month,
date, day of the week, time (24-hour format)
and minute, in this order from the left
column.
• Press the → key to move to the next entry
column.
[Ex.]
67) END
To enter 2002 / November...,
0 → 2 → → 1 → 1 → → ...
Day Codes
Day
Sunday
Code No.
1
Monday
2
Tuesday
3
Wednesday
4
Thursday
5
Friday
6
Saturday
7
(3) Press the SET key.
AR-651/810 UNPACKING AND INSTALLATION 19 - 9
All rights reserved.
Printed.
No part of this publication may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted,
in any form or by any means,
electronic; mechanical; photocopying; recording or otherwise
without prior written permission of the publisher.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Microsoft Windows, MS-DOS, Windows NT, Windows 2000 are trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation in the U. S. A. and other countries.
Macintosh, Power Macintosh, Mac OS, LaserWriter, and AppleTalk are registered trademarks of
Apple Computer, Inc.
IBM, PC/ AT, and PowerPC are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation.
Pentium is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation.
PCL is a trademark of the Hewlett- Packard Company.
PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
NetWare is a registered trademark of Novell, Inc.
All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners.
SHARP CORPORATION
Digital Document System Group
Products Quality Assurance Department
Yamatokoriyama, Nara 639-1186, Japan
2002 July Printed
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