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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-33 30 00 (April 2008)
Change 4 - 02/16
-------------------------Preparing Activity: USACE
Superseding
UFGS-33 30 00 (July 2006)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 33 - UTILITIES
SECTION 33 30 00
SANITARY SEWERS
04/08
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
SUMMARY
1.1.1
Sanitary Sewer Gravity Pipeline
1.1.2
Sanitary Sewer Pressure Lines
1.1.3
USACE Project
1.2
REFERENCES
1.3
SUBMITTALS
1.4
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1
Installer Qualifications
1.4.2
Drawings
1.5
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.5.1
Delivery and Storage
1.5.1.1
Piping
1.5.1.2
Metal Items
1.5.1.3
Cement, Aggregate, and Reinforcement
1.5.2
Handling
1.6
PROJECT/SITE CONDITIONS
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.1
PIPELINE MATERIALS
2.1.1
Cast-Iron Soil Piping
2.1.1.1
Cast-Iron Hub and Spigot Soil Pipe and Fittings
2.1.1.2
Cast-Iron Hubless Soil Pipe and Fittings
2.1.2
Clay Piping
2.1.2.1
Clay Pipe and Fittings
2.1.2.2
Clay Piping Jointing Materials
2.1.3
Concrete Gravity Sewer Piping
2.1.3.1
Concrete Gravity Pipe and Fittings
2.1.3.2
Jointing Materials for Concrete Gravity Piping
2.1.4
Concrete Pressure Piping
2.1.4.1
Concrete Pressure Pipe and Fittings
2.1.4.2
Jointing Materials for Concrete Pressure Piping
2.1.5
Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe and Associated Fittings
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 1
2.1.5.1
Ductile Iron Gravity Pipe and Fittings
2.1.5.2
Ductile Iron Gravity Joints and Jointing Materials
2.1.6
Ductile Iron Pressure Piping
2.1.6.1
Ductile Iron Pressure Pipe and Fittings
2.1.6.2
Ductile Iron Pressure Joints and Jointing Materials
2.1.7
ABS Composite Plastic Piping
2.1.7.1
ABS Composite Plastic Pipe and Fittings
2.1.7.2
Jointing Materials for ABS Composite Plastic Piping
2.1.8
ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Piping
2.1.8.1
ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Pipe and Fittings
2.1.8.2
ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Joints and Jointing Materials
2.1.9
PVC Plastic Gravity Sewer Piping
2.1.9.1
PVC Plastic Gravity Pipe and Fittings
2.1.9.2
PVC Plastic Gravity Joints and Jointing Material
2.1.10
PVC Plastic Pressure Pipe and Associated Fittings
2.1.10.1
PVC Plastic Pressure Pipe and Fittings
2.1.10.1.1
Pipe and Fittings Less Than 100 mm 4 inch Diameter
2.1.10.1.1.1
Screw-Joint
2.1.10.1.1.2
Push-On Joint
2.1.10.1.1.3
Solvent Cement Joint
2.1.10.1.2
Pipe and Fittings 100 mm 4 inch Diameter to 300 mm 12
inch
2.1.10.2
PVC Plastic Pressure Joints and Jointing Material
2.1.11
High Density Polyethylene Pipe (HDPE)
2.1.12
Reinforced Plastic Mortar Pipe (RPMP)
2.1.13
Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Pipe (RTRP)
2.1.13.1
Filament Wound RTRP-I
2.1.13.2
Centrifugally Cast RTRP-II
2.1.14
Dual Wall and Triple Wall Polypropylene
2.1.15
Piping Beneath Railroad Right-of-Way
2.2
CONCRETE MATERIALS
2.2.1
Cement Mortar
2.2.2
Portland Cement
2.2.3
Portland Cement Concrete
2.3
MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
2.3.1
Precast Concrete Manholes & Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polyester
Manholes
2.3.2
Gaskets and Connectors
2.3.3
External Preformed Rubber Joint Seals
2.3.4
Metal Items
2.3.4.1
Frames, Covers, and Gratings for Manholes
2.3.4.2
Manhole Steps
2.3.4.3
Manhole Ladders
2.3.4.4
Septic Tank Piping
2.3.4.5
Siphon for Septic Tank
2.3.5
Sewage Absorption Field Materials
2.4
REPORTS
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
INSTALLATION OF PIPELINES AND APPURTENANT CONSTRUCTION
3.1.1
Connections to Existing Lines
3.1.2
General Requirements for Installation of Pipelines
3.1.2.1
Location
3.1.2.1.1
Sanitary Piping Installation Parallel with Water Line
3.1.2.1.1.1
Normal Conditions
3.1.2.1.1.2
Unusual Conditions
3.1.2.1.2
Installation of Sanitary Piping Crossing a Water Line
3.1.2.1.2.1
Normal Conditions
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 2
3.1.2.1.2.2
Unusual Conditions
3.1.2.1.3
Sanitary Sewer Manholes
3.1.2.2
Earthwork
3.1.2.3
Pipe Laying and Jointing
3.1.3
Special Requirements
3.1.3.1
Installation of Cast Iron Soil Piping
3.1.3.2
Installation of Clay Piping
3.1.3.3
Installation of Concrete Gravity Sewer Piping
3.1.3.4
Installation of Concrete Pressure Lines
3.1.3.4.1
Joints
3.1.3.4.2
Pipe Anchorage
3.1.3.5
Installation of Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe
3.1.3.6
Installation of Ductile-Iron Pressure Lines
3.1.3.7
Installation of ABS Composite Plastic Piping
3.1.3.8
Installation of ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Piping
3.1.3.9
Installation of PVC Plastic Piping
3.1.3.10
Installation of PVC Plastic Pressure Pipe and Fittings
3.1.3.10.1
Pipe Less Than 100 mm 4 Inch Diameter
3.1.3.10.1.1
Threaded Joints
3.1.3.10.1.2
Push-On Joints
3.1.3.10.1.3
Solvent-Weld Joints
3.1.3.10.2
Pipe 100 mm 4 Inch Diameter Joints
3.1.3.10.3
Pipe Anchorage
3.1.3.11
Installation of Dual Wall and Triple Wall Polypropylene
3.1.3.12
Pipeline Installation Beneath Railroad Right-of-Way
3.1.4
Concrete Work
3.1.5
Manhole Construction
3.1.6
Miscellaneous Construction and Installation
3.1.6.1
Connecting to Existing Manholes
3.1.6.2
Metal Work
3.1.6.2.1
Workmanship and Finish
3.1.6.2.2
Field Painting
3.1.7
Sewage Absorption Trench Construction
3.1.8
Installations of Wye Branches
3.2
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
3.2.1
Field Tests and Inspections
3.2.2
Post-Construction Inspection
3.2.3
Tests for Nonpressure Lines
3.2.3.1
Leakage Tests
3.2.3.1.1
Infiltration Tests and Exfiltration Tests
3.2.3.1.2
Low-Pressure Air Tests
3.2.3.1.2.1
Clay Pipelines
3.2.3.1.2.2
Concrete Pipelines
3.2.3.1.2.3
Ductile-Iron Pipelines
3.2.3.1.2.4
ABS Composite Plastic Pipelines
3.2.3.1.2.5
PVC Plastic Pipelines
3.2.3.1.2.6
Polypropylene
3.2.3.2
Deflection Testing
3.2.3.2.1
Pull-Through Device
3.2.3.2.2
Deflection Measuring Device
3.2.3.2.3
Pull-Through Device Procedure
3.2.3.2.4
Deflection measuring device procedure
3.2.4
Tests for Pressure Lines
3.2.5
Field Tests for Concrete
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 3
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-33 30 00 (April 2008)
Change 4 - 02/16
-------------------------Preparing Activity: USACE
Superseding
UFGS-33 30 00 (July 2006)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION 33 30 00
SANITARY SEWERS
04/08
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers the
requirements for piping and appurtenant structures
for an exterior sanitary sewer system.
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable items(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
PART 1
GENERAL
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The following is applicable to USACE project
designs.
All pipe materials specified will be retained except
under conditions where they would not be suitable;
see UFC 3-240-01. Where it is determined that a
pipe material would be altogether unsuitable, every
mention of the unsuitable material and referenced
publications that pertain only to the unsuitable
material will be deleted. If a material would be
suitable in a part of the system and unsuitable in
other parts, the locations where the material may
and may not be used will be shown on the contract
drawings and stated in the contract specifications.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 4
A study of the conditions will be made to determine
the suitability of the materials. If doubt remains
after the study, because of exceptional conditions,
a report should be submitted to HQUSACE (CECW-EW).
Consider the following in NAVFAC project designs.
1.
Allowable piping materials:
a. The project specification should allow the use
of piping materials for each application which are
suitable for the project, each to be permitted as a
Contractor's option.
b. Refer to the appropriate NAVFACENGCOM Design
Manual/Military Handbook for general information on
piping materials suitable for use on the
applications covered by this specification.
c. Pipe materials which are known to be unsuitable
for local conditions (i.e., corrosion, root
penetration, etc.) should not be permitted for the
project. However, consideration should be given to
use of more effective protective coatings and
jointing methods where economically feasible.
d. In areas where problems with root penetration
are anticipated, specify pipe which has the kind of
joint which will successfully resist root
penetration. Generally speaking, the more
watertight the joint, the greater will be the
resistance to root penetration. Rubber-gasketed and
compression-type joints are considered to give the
best performance for this application.
e. It is assumed that corrosive fluids (acids,
alkalies, toluene, etc.) will not be reaching the
exterior sewer system in relatively undiluted
condition. If such will not be the case,
investigate the materials specified herein for
resistance to the particular chemical involved. If
necessary, corrosion-resistant materials other than
those specified herein may be used.
f. Further information on clay pipe may be found in
the Clay Pipe Engineering Manual (1985 Edition) of
the National Clay Pipe Institute.
g. For further information on the selection of
concrete sewer pipe and jointing materials, see the
Concrete Pipe Design Manual (1980 Edition) and the
Concrete Pipe Handbook (1980 Edition), both
published by the American Concrete Pipe Association.
h. Where required for special applications,
reinforced concrete arch pipe conforming to ASTM
C506 or reinforced concrete elliptical pipe
conforming to ASTM C507 may be specified.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 5
as a Contractor's option except where watertight
joints are necessary in areas where root penetration
problems are anticipated. In these cases,
rubber-gasketed or compression-type, or
solvent-cemented joints are preferred. Use fuel
resistant joint gaskets when required.
4. It may be necessary to modify chemical
requirements for cement under certain conditions.
Sulfate resistance is required for concrete pipe
when pipe is carrying sulfate-bearing waters, or
when pipe is buried in soil containing sulfates.
Specify Type II (moderate sulfate resisting) cement
when water-soluble sulfates (as S04) in the soil are
in the range of 0.1 to 0.2 percent and, for water,
are in the range of 150 to 1000 parts per million.
Specify Type V (sulfate resisting) cement when soils
contain in excess of 0.2 percent water-soluble
sulfate and water samples contain in excess of 1000
parts per million. In areas where reactive
aggregates are known to occur, specify low alkali
cement.
On the project drawings, show:
1. Plan and location of new pipelines, including
type of service and size of pipe
2. Location, size, and type of service of existing
connecting, intersecting, or adjacent pipelines and
other utilities
3. Paved areas and railroads which pass over new
pipelines
4. Profile, where necessary to show unusual
conditions
5. Invert elevations at beginning and end of
pipelines and at manholes or similar structures
6. Class or strength of pipe and limits for same
where class or strength will be different for
different sections of pipeline
7. Design details for pertinent manholes, septic
tank(s), and sewage absorption trench
8. Bedding conditions, where different from those
specified in the appropriate specification and
location of cradle(s), when cradle is required, if
not covered
9.
Maximum working pressure for pressure sewers
10. Location and size of thrust blocks on pressure
lines
11.
Location of flanged joints on pressure sewers
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 7
as a Contractor's option except where watertight
joints are necessary in areas where root penetration
problems are anticipated. In these cases,
rubber-gasketed or compression-type, or
solvent-cemented joints are preferred. Use fuel
resistant joint gaskets when required.
4. It may be necessary to modify chemical
requirements for cement under certain conditions.
Sulfate resistance is required for concrete pipe
when pipe is carrying sulfate-bearing waters, or
when pipe is buried in soil containing sulfates.
Specify Type II (moderate sulfate resisting) cement
when water-soluble sulfates (as S04) in the soil are
in the range of 0.1 to 0.2 percent and, for water,
are in the range of 150 to 1000 parts per million.
Specify Type V (sulfate resisting) cement when soils
contain in excess of 0.2 percent water-soluble
sulfate and water samples contain in excess of 1000
parts per million. In areas where reactive
aggregates are known to occur, specify low alkali
cement.
On the project drawings, show:
1. Plan and location of new pipelines, including
type of service and size of pipe
2. Location, size, and type of service of existing
connecting, intersecting, or adjacent pipelines and
other utilities
3. Paved areas and railroads which pass over new
pipelines
4. Profile, where necessary to show unusual
conditions
5. Invert elevations at beginning and end of
pipelines and at manholes or similar structures
6. Class or strength of pipe and limits for same
where class or strength will be different for
different sections of pipeline
7. Design details for pertinent manholes, septic
tank(s), and sewage absorption trench
8. Bedding conditions, where different from those
specified in the appropriate specification and
location of cradle(s), when cradle is required, if
not covered
9.
Maximum working pressure for pressure sewers
10. Location and size of thrust blocks on pressure
lines
11.
Location of flanged joints on pressure sewers
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 7
12. Location of mechanical joints on ductile-iron
piping (when used on only part of the system).
**************************************************************************
1.1
1.1.1
SUMMARY
Sanitary Sewer Gravity Pipeline
[Provide [mains and laterals] [[_____] mm inch lines] of [clay pipe]
[concrete pipe] [ductile-iron pipe] [acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)
composite plastic pipe] [polypropylene pipe] [or] [polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
plastic pipe]. Provide building connections [[_____] mm inch lines] of
[cast iron soil pipe] [clay pipe] [concrete pipe]
[acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) solid-wall plastic pipe] [or]
[polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic pipe].] [Provide new and modify existing
exterior sanitary gravity sewer piping and appurtenances. Provide each
system complete and ready for operation. The exterior sanitary gravity
sewer system includes equipment, materials, installation, and workmanship
as specified herein more than 1.5 m 5 feet outside of building walls.]
1.1.2
Sanitary Sewer Pressure Lines
Provide pressure lines of [ductile iron pressure pipe] [concrete pressure
pipe] [or] [polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic pressure pipe].
1.1.3
USACE Project
The construction required herein shall include appurtenant structures and
building sewers to points of connection with the building drains 1.5 m 5
feet outside the building to which the sewer system is to be connected.
Replace damaged material and redo unacceptable work at no additional cost
to the Government. Backfilling shall be accomplished after inspection by
the Contracting Officer. Before, during, and after installation, plastic
pipe and fittings shall be protected from any environment that would result
in damage or deterioration to the material. Keep a copy of the
manufacturer's instructions available at the construction site at all times
and shall follow these instructions unless directed otherwise by the
Contracting Officer. Solvents, solvent compounds, lubricants, elastomeric
gaskets, and any similar materials required to install the plastic pipe
shall be stored in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendation and
shall be discarded if the storage period exceeds the recommended shelf
life. Solvents in use shall be discarded when the recommended pot life is
exceeded.
1.2
REFERENCES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the
publications cited in the text of the guide
specification. The publications are referred to in
the text by basic designation only and listed in
this paragraph by organization, designation, date,
and title.
Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
when you add a RID outside of the Section's
Reference Article to automatically place the
reference in the Reference Article. Also use the
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 8
Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update
the issue dates.
References not used in the text will automatically
be deleted from this section of the project
specification when you choose to reconcile
references in the publish print process.
**************************************************************************
The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the
extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the
basic designation only.
AMERICAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION (ACPA)
ACPA 01-102
(2000) Concrete Pipe Handbook
ACPA 01-103
(2000) Concrete Pipe Installation Manual
AMERICAN RAILWAY ENGINEERING AND MAINTENANCE-OF-WAY ASSOCIATION
(AREMA)
AREMA Eng Man
(2012) Manual for Railway Engineering
AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION (AWWA)
AWWA C104/A21.4
(2013) Cement-Mortar Lining for
Ductile-Iron Pipe and Fittings for Water
AWWA C105/A21.5
(2010) Polyethylene Encasement for
Ductile-Iron Pipe Systems
AWWA C110/A21.10
(2012) Ductile-Iron and Gray-Iron Fittings
for Water
AWWA C111/A21.11
(2012) Rubber-Gasket Joints for
Ductile-Iron Pressure Pipe and Fittings
AWWA C115/A21.15
(2011) Flanged Ductile-Iron Pipe With
Ductile-Iron or Gray-Iron Threaded Flanges
AWWA C151/A21.51
(2009) Ductile-Iron Pipe, Centrifugally
Cast, for Water
AWWA C153/A21.53
(2011) Ductile-Iron Compact Fittings for
Water Service
AWWA C302
(2011) Reinforced Concrete Pressure Pipe,
Noncylinder Type
AWWA C600
(2010) Installation of Ductile-Iron Water
Mains and Their Appurtenances
AWWA C605
(2013) Underground Installation of
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pressure Pipe and
Fittings for Water
AWWA C606
(2015) Grooved and Shouldered Joints
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 9
AWWA C900
(2007; Errata 2008) Polyvinyl Chloride
(PVC) Pressure Pipe, and Fabricated
Fittings, 4 In. Through 12 In. (100 mm
Through 300 mm), for Water Distribution
AWWA M23
(2002; 2nd Ed) Manual:
and Installation
AWWA M9
(2008; Errata 2013) Manual:
Pressure Pipe
PVC Pipe - Design
Concrete
ASME INTERNATIONAL (ASME)
ASME B1.20.1
(2013) Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)
ASME B1.20.2M
(2006; R 2011) Pipe Threads, 60 Deg.
General Purpose (Metric)
ASME B16.1
(2010) Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged
Fittings Classes 25, 125, and 250
ASME B18.2.2
(2010) Nuts for General Applications:
Machine Screw Nuts, Hex, Square, Hex
Flange, and Coupling Nuts (Inch Series)
ASME B18.5.2.1M
(2006; R 2011) Metric Round Head Short
Square Neck Bolts
ASME B18.5.2.2M
(1982; R 2010) Metric Round Head Square
Neck Bolts
ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)
ASTM A123/A123M
(2013) Standard Specification for Zinc
(Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and
Steel Products
ASTM A307
(2014) Standard Specification for Carbon
Steel Bolts and Studs, 60 000 PSI Tensile
Strength
ASTM A47/A47M
(1999; R 2014) Standard Specification for
Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings
ASTM A48/A48M
(2003; R 2012) Standard Specification for
Gray Iron Castings
ASTM A536
(1984; R 2014) Standard Specification for
Ductile Iron Castings
ASTM A563
(2015) Standard Specification for Carbon
and Alloy Steel Nuts
ASTM A563M
(2007; R 2013) Standard Specification for
Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts (Metric)
ASTM A74
(2013a) Standard Specification for Cast
Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 10
ASTM A746
(2009; R 2014) Standard Specification for
Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe
ASTM C12
(2014) Standard Practice for Installing
Vitrified Clay Pipe Lines
ASTM C14
(2015) Standard Specification for Concrete
Sewer, Storm Drain, and Culvert Pipe
ASTM C14M
(2014) Standard Specification for Concrete
Sewer, Storm Drain, and Culvert Pipe
(Metric)
ASTM C150/C150M
(2015) Standard Specification for Portland
Cement
ASTM C260/C260M
(2010a) Standard Specification for
Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete
ASTM C270
(2014a) Standard Specification for Mortar
for Unit Masonry
ASTM C33/C33M
(2013) Standard Specification for Concrete
Aggregates
ASTM C361
(2014a) Standard Specification for
Reinforced Concrete Low-Head Pressure Pipe
ASTM C361M
(2014) Standard Specification for
Reinforced Concrete Low-Head Pressure Pipe
(Metric)
ASTM C425
(2004; R 2013) Standard Specification for
Compression Joints for Vitrified Clay Pipe
and Fittings
ASTM C443
(2011) Standard Specification for Joints
for Concrete Pipe and Manholes, Using
Rubber Gaskets
ASTM C443M
(2012) Standard Specification for Joints
for Concrete Pipe and Manholes, Using
Rubber Gaskets (Metric)
ASTM C478
(2015a) Standard Specification for Precast
Reinforced Concrete Manhole Sections
ASTM C478M
(2015a) Standard Specification for Precast
Reinforced Concrete Manhole Sections
(Metric)
ASTM C564
(2014) Standard Specification for Rubber
Gaskets for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and
Fittings
ASTM C700
(2013) Standard Specification for
Vitrified Clay Pipe, Extra Strength,
Standard Strength, and Perforated
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 11
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
An "S" following a submittal item indicates that the
submittal is required for the Sustainability
Notebook to fulfill federally mandated sustainable
requirements in accordance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
Choose the first bracketed item for Navy, Air Force
and NASA projects, or choose the second bracketed
item for Army projects.
**************************************************************************
Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;
submittals not having a "G" designation are for [Contractor Quality Control
approval.] [information only. When used, a designation following the "G"
designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for the
Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the
Sustainability Notebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY
REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:
SD-01 Preconstruction Submittals
Existing Conditions
SD-02 Shop Drawings
Drawings
Precast Concrete Manhole
Metal Items
Frames, Covers, and Gratings
SD-03 Product Data
Pipeline Materials
SD-06 Test Reports
Reports
SD-07 Certificates
Portland Cement
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 16
Gaskets
Request for Field Support; G[, [_____]]
Request for Pre-Connection Inspection; G[, [_____]]
Post-Construction Inspection; G[, [_____]]
1.4
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1
Installer Qualifications
Install specified materials by a licensed underground utility Contractor
licensed for such work in the state where the work is to be performed.
Installing Contractor's License shall be current and be state certified or
state registered.
1.4.2
Drawings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include subparagraph c. on NASA projects.
**************************************************************************
a.
Submit Installation Drawings showing complete detail, both plan and
side view details with proper layout and elevations.
b.
Submit As-Built Drawings for the complete sanitary sewer system showing
complete detail with all dimensions, both above and below grade,
including invert elevation.
c.
Sign and seal As-Built Drawings by a Professional Surveyor and Mapper.
Include the following statement: "All potable water lines crossed by
sanitary hazard mains are in accordance with the permitted utility
separation requirements."
1.5
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.5.1
1.5.1.1
Delivery and Storage
Piping
Inspect materials delivered to site for damage; store with minimum of
handling. Store materials on site in enclosures or under protective
coverings. Store [plastic piping and jointing materials and] rubber
gaskets under cover out of direct sunlight. Do not store materials
directly on the ground. Keep inside of pipes and fittings free of dirt and
debris.
1.5.1.2
Metal Items
Check upon arrival; identify and segregate as to types, functions, and
sizes. Store off the ground in a manner affording easy accessibility and
not causing excessive rusting or coating with grease or other objectionable
materials.
1.5.1.3
Cement, Aggregate, and Reinforcement
**************************************************************************
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 17
2.1.3.2
Jointing Materials for Concrete Gravity Piping
Gaskets and pipe ends for rubber gasket joint shall conform to ASTM C443M
ASTM C443. Gaskets shall be suitable for use with sewage.
Submit certificates of compliance stating that the fittings or gaskets used
for waste drains or lines designated on the plans as [_____] are [oil]
[_____] resistant.
2.1.4
Concrete Pressure Piping
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Not allowed for NAVFAC LANT projects.
**************************************************************************
2.1.4.1
Concrete Pressure Pipe and Fittings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete reference to AWWA C302 within brackets
when pressure rating greater than 310 kPa 45 psi is
required.
It may be necessary to modify chemical requirements
for cement under certain conditions. Sulfate
resistance is required for concrete pipe when pipe
is carrying sulfate-bearing waters, or when pipe is
buried in soil containing sulfates. Specify Type II
(moderate sulfate resisting) cement when
water-soluble sulfates (as S04) in the soil are in
the range of 0.1 to 0.2 percent and, for water, are
in the range of 150 to 1000 parts per million.
Specify Type V (sulfate resisting) cement when soils
contain in excess of 0.2 percent water-soluble
sulfate and water samples contain in excess of 1000
parts per million. In areas where reactive
aggregates are known to occur, specify low alkali
cement.
For concrete pressure piping, ASTM C361M C361 covers
pipe for up to 37.5 m 125 feet of hydrostatic head,
approximately 379 kPa 55 psi; AWWA C302 covers pipe
and fittings for 310 kPa 45 psi pressure rating, 30 m
100 feet of hydro-static head) only. ASTM C361M
ASTM C361 contains tables giving design requirements
for pipe in all combinations of 30 and 37.5 m 100
and 125 feet of hydrostatic head with 1.5, 3.0, 4.5,
6.0 m 5, 10, 15, and 20 feet of earth cover. Where
higher pressure ratings are necessary, piping
conforming to AWWA C300, C301, or C303 should be
specified.
**************************************************************************
Pipe shall conform to [AWWA C302 or to] ASTM C361M ASTM C361. Pipe shall
be designed for hydrostatic head of [30] [38] m [100] [125] feet and
external loading of [1.5] [3.0] [4.5] [6.0] m [5] [10] [15] [20] feet of
earth cover. Circular pipe with elliptical reinforcement shall have a
readily visible line at least 300 mm 12 inches long painted or otherwise
applied on the inside and outside of the pipe at each end so that when the
pipe is laid in the proper position, the line will be at the center of the
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 20
top of the pipe. [Cement used in manufacturing pipe and fittings shall be
[Type II] [Type V] [low alkali cement] conforming to ASTM C150/C150M.]
Fittings shall conform to AWWA C302.
2.1.4.2
Jointing Materials for Concrete Pressure Piping
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use first bracketed wording when pressure
rating greater than 310 kPa 45 psi is not required.
Use second bracketed wording when pressure rating
greater than 310 kPa 45 psi is required.
**************************************************************************
Gaskets shall be as specified in [the referenced specification for the
pipe] [ASTM C361M ASTM C361] and shall be suitable for use with sewage.
2.1.5
2.1.5.1
Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe and Associated Fittings
Ductile Iron Gravity Pipe and Fittings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: ASTM A746 also contains design information
and methods by which the required Thickness Class of
Pipe can be determined when depth of trench is known.
Delete requirements for and references to push-on
joints for ductile-iron gravity sewer pipe and
associated fittings when the greater deflection
afforded by the mechanical joint is considered
necessary throughout.
**************************************************************************
Ductile iron pipe shall conform to ASTM A746, Thickness Class [_____].
Fittings shall conform to AWWA C110/A21.10 or AWWA C153/A21.53. [Fittings
with push-on joint ends shall conform to the same requirements as fittings
with mechanical-joint ends, [except that the bell design shall be modified,
as approved by the Contracting Officer, for push-on joint].] Fittings shall
have strength at least equivalent to that of the pipe. Ends of pipe and
fittings shall be suitable for the joints specified hereinafter. Pipe and
fittings shall have cement-mortar lining conforming to AWWA C104/A21.4,
standard thickness.
2.1.5.2
Ductile Iron Gravity Joints and Jointing Materials
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete requirements for and references to
push-on joints for ductile-iron gravity sewer pipe
and associated fittings when the greater deflection
afforded by the mechanical joint is considered
necessary throughout.
**************************************************************************
Pipe and fittings shall have [push-on joints] [or] [mechanical joints],
except as otherwise specified in this paragraph. [Mechanical joints only
shall be used where indicated.] [Push-on joint pipe ends and fitting ends,
gaskets, and lubricant for joint assembly shall conform to AWWA C111/A21.11.]
[Mechanical joint requirements for pipe ends, glands, bolts and nuts, and
gaskets shall conform to AWWA C111/A21.11.]
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 21
For submittals requiring Government approval on Army
projects, a code of up to three characters within
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
An "S" following a submittal item indicates that the
submittal is required for the Sustainability
Notebook to fulfill federally mandated sustainable
requirements in accordance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
Choose the first bracketed item for Navy, Air Force
and NASA projects, or choose the second bracketed
item for Army projects.
**************************************************************************
Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;
submittals not having a "G" designation are for [Contractor Quality Control
approval.] [information only. When used, a designation following the "G"
designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for the
Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the
Sustainability Notebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY
REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:
SD-01 Preconstruction Submittals
Existing Conditions
SD-02 Shop Drawings
Drawings
Precast Concrete Manhole
Metal Items
Frames, Covers, and Gratings
SD-03 Product Data
Pipeline Materials
SD-06 Test Reports
Reports
SD-07 Certificates
Portland Cement
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 16
Gaskets
Request for Field Support; G[, [_____]]
Request for Pre-Connection Inspection; G[, [_____]]
Post-Construction Inspection; G[, [_____]]
1.4
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1
Installer Qualifications
Install specified materials by a licensed underground utility Contractor
licensed for such work in the state where the work is to be performed.
Installing Contractor's License shall be current and be state certified or
state registered.
1.4.2
Drawings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include subparagraph c. on NASA projects.
**************************************************************************
a.
Submit Installation Drawings showing complete detail, both plan and
side view details with proper layout and elevations.
b.
Submit As-Built Drawings for the complete sanitary sewer system showing
complete detail with all dimensions, both above and below grade,
including invert elevation.
c.
Sign and seal As-Built Drawings by a Professional Surveyor and Mapper.
Include the following statement: "All potable water lines crossed by
sanitary hazard mains are in accordance with the permitted utility
separation requirements."
1.5
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.5.1
1.5.1.1
Delivery and Storage
Piping
Inspect materials delivered to site for damage; store with minimum of
handling. Store materials on site in enclosures or under protective
coverings. Store [plastic piping and jointing materials and] rubber
gaskets under cover out of direct sunlight. Do not store materials
directly on the ground. Keep inside of pipes and fittings free of dirt and
debris.
1.5.1.2
Metal Items
Check upon arrival; identify and segregate as to types, functions, and
sizes. Store off the ground in a manner affording easy accessibility and
not causing excessive rusting or coating with grease or other objectionable
materials.
1.5.1.3
Cement, Aggregate, and Reinforcement
**************************************************************************
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 17
NOTE: Delete these paragraphs if not used or insert
applicable concrete requirements here.
**************************************************************************
As specified in Section [03 30 00.00 10 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE] [03 30 00
CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE].
1.5.2
Handling
Handle pipe, fittings, and other accessories in such manner as to ensure
delivery to the trench in sound undamaged condition. [Take special care
not to damage linings of pipe and fittings; if lining is damaged, make
satisfactory repairs.] Carry, do not drag, pipe to trench.
1.6
PROJECT/SITE CONDITIONS
Submit drawings of existing conditions, after a thorough inspection of the
area in the presence of the Contracting Officer. Details shall include the
environmental conditions of the site and adjacent areas. Submit copies of
the records for verification before starting work.
PART 2
2.1
PRODUCTS
PIPELINE MATERIALS
Pipe shall conform to the respective specifications and other requirements
specified below. Submit manufacturer's standard drawings or catalog cuts.
2.1.1
2.1.1.1
Cast-Iron Soil Piping
Cast-Iron Hub and Spigot Soil Pipe and Fittings
ASTM A74, [service] [extra heavy], with ASTM C564 compression-type rubber
gaskets.
2.1.1.2
Cast-Iron Hubless Soil Pipe and Fittings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete this paragraph for areas where hubless
fittings are considered inappropriate due to failure
of coupling by corrosion.
**************************************************************************
CISPI 301 with CISPI 310 coupling joints.
2.1.2
2.1.2.1
Clay Piping
Clay Pipe and Fittings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Tables of trench loadings, trench backfill
loads, and supporting strengths of clay pipe are
included in the Clay Pipe Engineering Manual (1982
edition) of the National Clay Pipe Institute. The
required strength of clay pipe can be derived from
these tables when depth of trench is known.
Specify "bell-and-spigot piping only" in areas where
corrosion problems may be anticipated with the
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 18
RPMP: Bell and spigot gasket coupling utilizing an elastomeric gasket in
accordance with ASTM D4161 and ASTM F477.
2.1.13
Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Pipe (RTRP)
RTRP pipe: ASTM D3262. Fittings for RTRP: ASTM D3262. Joints for RTRP:
Bell and spigot type utilizing an elastomeric gasket in accordance with
ASTM F477.
2.1.13.1
Filament Wound RTRP-I
RTRP-I shall conform to ASTM D2996, except pipe shall have an outside
diameter equal to cast iron outside diameter or standard weight steel
pipe. The pipe shall be suitable for a normal working pressure of 1.03 MPa
150 psi at 22.8 degrees C 73 degrees F. The inner surface of the pipe
shall have a smooth uniform continuous resin-rich surface liner conforming
to ASTM D2996.
2.1.13.2
Centrifugally Cast RTRP-II
RTRP-II shall conform to ASTM D2997.
equal to standard weight steel pipe.
2.1.14
Pipe shall have an outside diameter
Dual Wall and Triple Wall Polypropylene
300 to 750 mm12 to 30 inch polypropylene pipe shall have a smooth interior
and annular exterior corrugations, in compliance with ASTM F2736. 750 to
1500 mm30 to 60 inch polypropylene pipe shall have a smooth interior and
exterior surfaces with annular inner corrugations, in compliance with
ASTM F2764/F2764M. Pipe is suitable for gravity flow only and shall have a
minimum pipe stiffness of 46 pii when tested in accordance with ASTM D2412.
Pipe sizes 300 to 1500 mm 12- through 60-inch diameters shall have a
reinforced bell, manufacturer's pre-installed polymer composite band or a
manufacturer's compatible pipe polymer composite band.
2.1.15
Piping Beneath Railroad Right-of-Way
Where pipeline passes under the right-of-way of a commercial railroad,
piping shall conform to the specifications for pipelines conveying
nonflammable substances in AREMA Eng Man, except as otherwise specified in
this paragraph. For casing pipe provide ductile-iron pipe in lieu of
cast-iron soil pipe. Ductile-iron pipe shall conform to and have strength
computed in accordance with ASTM A746.
2.2
2.2.1
CONCRETE MATERIALS
Cement Mortar
Cement mortar shall conform to ASTM C270, Type M with Type II cement.
2.2.2
Portland Cement
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Type II cement normally will be specified,
but Type V cement will be specified when the soils
contain in excess of 0.2 percent water-soluble
sulfate as SO(4), or the waste water contains in
excess of 1000 parts per million sulfates. Type I
cement may be permitted when it can be assured that
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 26
the water soluble sulfates in the soil will be less
than 0.1 percent and the waste water will contain
less than 150 parts per million sulfates over the
design life of the project.
**************************************************************************
Submit certificates of compliance stating the type of cement used in
manufacture of concrete pipe, fittings and precast manholes. Portland
cement shall conform to ASTM C150/C150M, Type [II] [V] for concrete used in
concrete pipe, concrete pipe fittings, and manholes and type optional with
the Contractor for cement used in concrete cradle, concrete encasement, and
thrust blocking. [Air-entraining admixture conforming to ASTM C260/C260M
shall be used with Type V cement.] [Where aggregates are alkali reactive,
as determined by Appendix XI of ASTM C33/C33M, a cement containing less
than 0.60 percent alkalies shall be used.]
2.2.3
Portland Cement Concrete
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When ready-mix concrete conforming to ASTM
C94/C94M is not economically available, rewrite this
paragraph to permit use of concrete mixed onsite.
Specify concrete aggregates conforming to ASTM
C33/C33M and concrete consisting of 1 part portland
cement, 2-1/2 parts sand, and 5 parts gravel, with
just enough water for workable consistency
**************************************************************************
Portland cement concrete shall conform to ASTM C94/C94M, compressive
strength of 28 MPa 4000 psi at 28 days, except for concrete cradle and
encasement or concrete blocks for manholes. Concrete used for cradle and
encasement shall have a compressive strength of 17 MPa 2500 psi minimum at
28 days. Concrete in place shall be protected from freezing and moisture
loss for 7 days.
2.3
2.3.1
MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
Precast Concrete Manholes & Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Manholes
Precast concrete manhole risers, base sections, and tops shall conform to
ASTM C478MASTM C478 and be manufactured in accordance with Section
03 40 00.00 10 PLANT-PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS FOR BELOW GRADE
CONSTRUCTION; base and first riser shall be monolithic.
Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Manholes shall conform to ASTM D3753.
2.3.2
Gaskets and Connectors
Gaskets for joints between manhole sections shall conform to ASTM C443M
ASTM C443. Resilient connectors for making joints between manhole and
pipes entering manhole shall conform to ASTM C923M ASTM C923 or ASTM C990M
ASTM C990.
2.3.3
External Preformed Rubber Joint Seals
An external preformed rubber joint seal shall be an accepted method of
sealing cast iron covers to precast concrete sections to prevent ground
water infiltration into sewer systems. All finished and sealed manholes
constructed in accordance with paragraph entitled "Manhole Construction"
shall be tested for leakage in the same manner as pipelines as described in
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 27
top of the pipe. [Cement used in manufacturing pipe and fittings shall be
[Type II] [Type V] [low alkali cement] conforming to ASTM C150/C150M.]
Fittings shall conform to AWWA C302.
2.1.4.2
Jointing Materials for Concrete Pressure Piping
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use first bracketed wording when pressure
rating greater than 310 kPa 45 psi is not required.
Use second bracketed wording when pressure rating
greater than 310 kPa 45 psi is required.
**************************************************************************
Gaskets shall be as specified in [the referenced specification for the
pipe] [ASTM C361M ASTM C361] and shall be suitable for use with sewage.
2.1.5
2.1.5.1
Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe and Associated Fittings
Ductile Iron Gravity Pipe and Fittings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: ASTM A746 also contains design information
and methods by which the required Thickness Class of
Pipe can be determined when depth of trench is known.
Delete requirements for and references to push-on
joints for ductile-iron gravity sewer pipe and
associated fittings when the greater deflection
afforded by the mechanical joint is considered
necessary throughout.
**************************************************************************
Ductile iron pipe shall conform to ASTM A746, Thickness Class [_____].
Fittings shall conform to AWWA C110/A21.10 or AWWA C153/A21.53. [Fittings
with push-on joint ends shall conform to the same requirements as fittings
with mechanical-joint ends, [except that the bell design shall be modified,
as approved by the Contracting Officer, for push-on joint].] Fittings shall
have strength at least equivalent to that of the pipe. Ends of pipe and
fittings shall be suitable for the joints specified hereinafter. Pipe and
fittings shall have cement-mortar lining conforming to AWWA C104/A21.4,
standard thickness.
2.1.5.2
Ductile Iron Gravity Joints and Jointing Materials
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete requirements for and references to
push-on joints for ductile-iron gravity sewer pipe
and associated fittings when the greater deflection
afforded by the mechanical joint is considered
necessary throughout.
**************************************************************************
Pipe and fittings shall have [push-on joints] [or] [mechanical joints],
except as otherwise specified in this paragraph. [Mechanical joints only
shall be used where indicated.] [Push-on joint pipe ends and fitting ends,
gaskets, and lubricant for joint assembly shall conform to AWWA C111/A21.11.]
[Mechanical joint requirements for pipe ends, glands, bolts and nuts, and
gaskets shall conform to AWWA C111/A21.11.]
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 21
2.1.6
Ductile Iron Pressure Piping
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Ductile iron pipe is used for sizes 75 mm 3
inches to 1600 mm 64 inches.
**************************************************************************
2.1.6.1
Ductile Iron Pressure Pipe and Fittings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use Thickness Class 52 for NAVFAC LANT
projects.
**************************************************************************
Ductile-iron pipe shall conform to AWWA C151/A21.51, Thickness Class
[_____]. [Flanged pipe shall conform to AWWA C115/A21.15.] Fittings shall
conform to AWWA C110/A21.10 or AWWA C153/A21.53. [Fittings with push-on
joint ends shall conform to the same requirements as fittings with
mechanical-joint ends, except that the bell design shall be modified, as
approved, for push-on joint.] Fittings shall have pressure rating at least
equivalent to that of the pipe. Ends of pipe and fittings shall be
suitable for the joints specified hereinafter. Pipe and fittings shall
have cement-mortar lining conforming to AWWA C104/A21.4, standard thickness.
2.1.6.2
Ductile Iron Pressure Joints and Jointing Materials
a.
Joints, general: Joints for pipe and fittings shall be [push-on
joints] [or] [mechanical joints] except as otherwise specified in this
paragraph. [Joints shall be mechanical-joints where indicated.]
[Joints shall be flanged joints where indicated.] [Joints made with
sleeve-type mechanical coupling may be used in lieu of push-on joint.]
[[Grooved] [or] [shouldered] type joints may be used in lieu of push-on
joint [or flanged joint], except where joint is buried.]
b.
Push-on joints: Shape of pipe ends and fitting ends, gaskets, and
lubricant for joint assembly shall conform to AWWA C111/A21.11.
c.
Mechanical joints: Dimensional and material requirements for pipe
ends, glands, bolts and nuts, and gaskets shall conform to
AWWA C111/A21.11.
d.
Flanged joints: Bolts, nuts, and gaskets for flanged connections shall
be as recommended in the Appendix to AWWA C115/A21.15. Flange for
setscrewed flanges shall be of ductile iron, ASTM A536, Grade 65-45-12,
and shall conform to the applicable requirements of ASME B16.1, Class
250. Setscrews for setscrewed flanges shall be 1310 MPa 190,000 psi
tensile strength, heat treated, and zinc-coated steel. Gasket for
setscrewed flanges shall conform to the applicable requirements for
mechanical-joint gaskets specified in AWWA C111/A21.11. Design of
setscrewed gasket shall provide for confinement and compression of
gasket when joint to adjoining flange is made.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: At the text below, delete "or steel" when
middle ring of cast iron only is considered
necessary due to anticipated corrosion problems.
Delete requirement for strength of steel when steel
is not allowed as a material for middle ring.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 22
At the text below, minimum numbers of bolts for each
pipe size should be as follows:
75 mm 3 inch
3
100 mm 4 inch
4
150 mm 6 inch
5
200 mm 8 inch
6
250 mm 10 inch
7
300 and 350 mm 12 and 14 inch 8
400 mm 16 inch
9
450 mm 18 inch
10
500 mm 20 inch
12
550 mm 22 inch
13
600 mm 24 inch
14
**************************************************************************
e.
Joints made with sleeve-type mechanical couplings: Couplings shall be
designed to couple plain-end piping by compression of a ring gasket at
each end of the adjoining pipe sections. The coupling shall consist of
one middle ring flared or beveled at each end to provide a gasket seat,
two follower rings, two resilient tapered rubber gaskets, and bolts and
nuts to draw the follower rings toward each other to compress the
gaskets. The middle ring and the follower rings shall be true circular
sections free from irregularities, flat spots, and surface defects; the
design shall provide for confinement and compression of the gaskets.
Middle ring shall be of cast-iron [or steel], and the follower rings
shall be of malleable iron or ductile iron. Cast iron shall conform to
ASTM A48/A48M and shall be not less than Class 25. Malleable iron
shall conform to ASTM A47/A47M. Ductile iron shall conform to ASTM A536.
[Steel shall have a strength not less than that of the pipe.] Gaskets
shall be designed for long life and resistance to set after
installation and shall meet the applicable requirements specified for
gaskets for mechanical joint in AWWA C111/A21.11. Bolts shall be
track-head type; bolts and nuts shall be either of the following:
bolts conforming to the tensile requirements of ASTM A307, Grade A,
with nuts conforming to the tensile requirements of ASTM A563M ASTM A563,
Grade A; or round-head square-neck type bolts conforming to
ASME B18.5.2.1M and ASME B18.5.2.2M with hex nuts conforming to
ASME B18.2.2. Bolts shall be 16 mm 5/8 inch in diameter; minimum
number of bolts for each coupling shall be [_____] [for [_____] mm inch
pipe [,[_____] for [_____] mm inch pipe,] and [_____] for [_____] mm
inch pipe]. Bolt holes in follower rings shall be of a shape to hold
fast the necks of the bolts used. Sleeve-type mechanical couplings
shall not be used as an optional method of jointing except where
pipeline is adequately anchored to resist tension pull across the joint.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 23
f.
[Grooved] [and] [Shouldered] Type Joints: [Grooved pipe ends]
[Shouldered pipe ends] and couplings shall conform to AWWA C606.
dimensions shall be as specified in AWWA C606 for rigid joints.
2.1.7
Joint
ABS Composite Plastic Piping
2.1.7.1
ABS Composite Plastic Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D2680.
2.1.7.2
Jointing Materials for ABS Composite Plastic Piping
Solvent cement and primer shall conform to ASTM D2680.
2.1.8
ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Piping
2.1.8.1
ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D2751, SDR 35, with ends suitable for either solvent cement joints or
elastomer joints.
2.1.8.2
ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Joints and Jointing Materials
Solvent cement for solvent cement joints shall conform to ASTM D2235.
Elastomeric joints shall conform to ASTM D3212. Gaskets for elastomeric
joints shall conform to ASTM F477.
2.1.9
PVC Plastic Gravity Sewer Piping
2.1.9.1
PVC Plastic Gravity Pipe and Fittings
[ASTM D3034, SDR 35, or ASTM F949 with ends suitable for elastomeric gasket
joints.] [ASTM F794, Series 46, for ribbed sewer pipe with smooth interior,
size 200 mm 8 inch through 1200 mm 48 inch diameters.]
2.1.9.2
PVC Plastic Gravity Joints and Jointing Material
Joints shall conform to ASTM D3212.
2.1.10
Gaskets shall conform to ASTM F477.
PVC Plastic Pressure Pipe and Associated Fittings
2.1.10.1
PVC Plastic Pressure Pipe and Fittings
2.1.10.1.1
Pipe and Fittings Less Than 100 mm 4 inch Diameter
Pipe, couplings and fittings shall be manufactured of materials conforming
to ASTM D1784, Class 12454B.
2.1.10.1.1.1
Screw-Joint
Pipe shall conform to dimensional requirements of ASTM D1785, Schedule 80,
with joints meeting requirements of 1.03 Mpa 150 psi working pressure, 1.38
Mpa 200 psi hydrostatic test pressure, unless otherwise shown or
specified. Fittings for threaded pipe shall conform to requirements of
ASTM D2464, threaded to conform to the requirements of ASME B1.20.2M
ASME B1.20.1 for use with Schedule 80 pipe and fittings. Pipe couplings
when used, shall be tested as required by ASTM D2464.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 24
2.1.10.1.1.2
Push-On Joint
ASTM D3139, with ASTM F477 gaskets. Fittings for push-on joints shall be
iron conforming to AWWA C110/A21.10 or AWWA C111/A21.11. Iron fittings and
specials shall shall be cement-mortar lined (standard thickness) in
accordance with AWWA C104/A21.4.
2.1.10.1.1.3
Solvent Cement Joint
Pipe shall conform to dimensional requirements of ASTM D1785 or ASTM D2241
with joints meeting the requirements of 1.03 Mpa 150 psi working pressure
and 1.38 Mpa 200 psi hydrostatic test pressure. Fittings for solvent
cement jointing shall conform to ASTM D2466 or ASTM D2467.
2.1.10.1.2
Pipe and Fittings 100 mm 4 inch Diameter to 300 mm 12 inch
Pipe shall conform to AWWA C900 and shall be plain end or gasket bell end,
Pressure Class 150 (DR 18), with cast-iron-pipe-equivalent OD. Fittings
shall be gray-iron or ductile-iron conforming to AWWA C110/A21.10 or
AWWA C153/A21.53 and shall have cement-mortar lining conforming to
AWWA C104/A21.4, standard thickness. Fittings with push-on joint ends
shall conform to the same requirements as fittings with mechanical-joint
ends, except that bell design shall be modified, as approved, for push-on
joint suitable for use with the PVC plastic pressure pipe specified in this
paragraph.
2.1.10.2
PVC Plastic Pressure Joints and Jointing Material
Joints for pipe, 100 mm 4 inch to 300 mm 12 inch diameter, shall be push-on
joints as specified in ASTM D3139. Joints between pipe and fittings shall
be push-on joints as specified in ASTM D3139 or shall be compression-type
joints/mechanical-joints as respectively specified in ASTM D3139 and
AWWA C111/A21.11. Each joint connection shall be provided with an
elastomeric gasket suitable for the bell or coupling with which it is to be
used. Gaskets for push-on joints for pipe shall conform to ASTM F477.
Gaskets for push-on joints and compression-type joints/mechanical-joints
for joint connections between pipe and fittings shall be as specified in
AWWA C111/A21.11, respectively, for push-on joints and mechanical-joints.
2.1.11
High Density Polyethylene Pipe (HDPE)
ASTM F894, Class 63, size 450 mm 18 inch through 3000 mm 120 inch.
ASTM F714, size 100 mm 4 inch through 1200 mm 48 inch, will have pipe
stiffness greater than or equal to 1170/D for cohesionless material pipe
trench backfills. For all PE pipes, the polyethylene shall be certified by
the resin producer as meeting the requirements of ASTM D3350, cell Class
334433C or higher. Fittings for High Density Polyethylene Pipe shall meet
the same material specifications as the pipe class. Joints for HDPE meeting
ASTM F894 will be rubber gasket joints conforming to ASTM F477. HDPE
meeting ASTM F714 will have fused joints per manufacturer's instruction.
2.1.12
Reinforced Plastic Mortar Pipe (RPMP)
Reinforced plastic mortar pipe shall be produced be in accordance with
ASTM D3262 and shall have an outside diameter equal to ductile iron pipe
dimensions from 450 mm 18 inch to 1200 mm 48 inch. The inner surface of
the pipe shall have a smooth uniform continuous resin-rich surface liner.
The minimum pipe stiffness shall be 248 kPa 36 psi. RPMP shall be in
accordance with ASTM D3262. Fittings for RPMP: ASTM D3840. Joints for
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 25
joints with the solvent cement previously specified for this type joint.
Make elastomeric joints with the gaskets specified for this type joint and
assemble in accordance with the recommendations of the pipe manufacturer.
Handle solvent cement in accordance with ASTM F402.
3.1.3.9
Installation of PVC Plastic Piping
Install pipe and fittings in accordance with paragraph entitled "General
Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of this section and with the
requirements of ASTM D2321 for laying and joining pipe and fittings. Make
joints with the gaskets specified for joints with this piping and assemble
in accordance with the requirements of ASTM D2321 for assembly of joints.
Make joints to other pipe materials in accordance with the recommendations
of the plastic pipe manufacturer.
3.1.3.10
Installation of PVC Plastic Pressure Pipe and Fittings
Unless otherwise specified, install pipe and fittings in accordance with
paragraph entitled "General Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of
this section; with the requirements of AWWA C605 for laying of pipe,
joining PVC pipe to fittings and accessories, and setting of hydrants,
valves, and fittings; and with the recommendations for pipe joint assembly
and appurtenance installation in AWWA M23, Chapter 7, "Installation."
3.1.3.10.1
3.1.3.10.1.1
Pipe Less Than 100 mm 4 Inch Diameter
Threaded Joints
Make by wrapping the male threads with joint tape or by applying an
approved thread lubricant, then threading the joining members together.
Tighten the joints with strap wrenches which will not damage the pipe and
fittings. Tighten the joint no more than 2 threads past hand-tight.
3.1.3.10.1.2
Push-On Joints
The ends of pipe for push-on joints shall be beveled to facilitate
assembly. Pipe shall be marked to indicate when the pipe is fully seated.
The gasket shall be lubricated to prevent displacement. Care shall be
exercised to ensure that the gasket remains in proper position in the bell
or coupling while making the joint.
3.1.3.10.1.3
Solvent-Weld Joints
Comply with the manufacturer's instructions.
3.1.3.10.2
Pipe 100 mm 4 Inch Diameter Joints
Make push-on joints with the elastomeric gaskets specified for this type
joint, using either elastomeric-gasket bell-end pipe or elastomeric-gasket
couplings. For pipe-to-pipe push-on joint connections, use only pipe with
push-on joint ends having factory-made bevel; for push-on joint connections
to fittings, cut spigot end of pipe off square and re-bevel pipe end to a
bevel approximately the same as that on ductile-iron pipe used for the same
type of joint. Use an approved lubricant recommended by the pipe
manufacturer for push-on joints. Assemble push-on joints for pipe-to-pipe
joint connections in accordance with the requirements of AWWA C605 for
laying the pipe and the recommendations in AWWA M23, Chapter 7,
"Installation," for pipe joint assembly. Assemble push-on joints for
connection to fittings in accordance with the requirements of AWWA C605 for
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 35
the water soluble sulfates in the soil will be less
than 0.1 percent and the waste water will contain
less than 150 parts per million sulfates over the
design life of the project.
**************************************************************************
Submit certificates of compliance stating the type of cement used in
manufacture of concrete pipe, fittings and precast manholes. Portland
cement shall conform to ASTM C150/C150M, Type [II] [V] for concrete used in
concrete pipe, concrete pipe fittings, and manholes and type optional with
the Contractor for cement used in concrete cradle, concrete encasement, and
thrust blocking. [Air-entraining admixture conforming to ASTM C260/C260M
shall be used with Type V cement.] [Where aggregates are alkali reactive,
as determined by Appendix XI of ASTM C33/C33M, a cement containing less
than 0.60 percent alkalies shall be used.]
2.2.3
Portland Cement Concrete
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When ready-mix concrete conforming to ASTM
C94/C94M is not economically available, rewrite this
paragraph to permit use of concrete mixed onsite.
Specify concrete aggregates conforming to ASTM
C33/C33M and concrete consisting of 1 part portland
cement, 2-1/2 parts sand, and 5 parts gravel, with
just enough water for workable consistency
**************************************************************************
Portland cement concrete shall conform to ASTM C94/C94M, compressive
strength of 28 MPa 4000 psi at 28 days, except for concrete cradle and
encasement or concrete blocks for manholes. Concrete used for cradle and
encasement shall have a compressive strength of 17 MPa 2500 psi minimum at
28 days. Concrete in place shall be protected from freezing and moisture
loss for 7 days.
2.3
2.3.1
MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
Precast Concrete Manholes & Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Manholes
Precast concrete manhole risers, base sections, and tops shall conform to
ASTM C478MASTM C478 and be manufactured in accordance with Section
03 40 00.00 10 PLANT-PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS FOR BELOW GRADE
CONSTRUCTION; base and first riser shall be monolithic.
Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Manholes shall conform to ASTM D3753.
2.3.2
Gaskets and Connectors
Gaskets for joints between manhole sections shall conform to ASTM C443M
ASTM C443. Resilient connectors for making joints between manhole and
pipes entering manhole shall conform to ASTM C923M ASTM C923 or ASTM C990M
ASTM C990.
2.3.3
External Preformed Rubber Joint Seals
An external preformed rubber joint seal shall be an accepted method of
sealing cast iron covers to precast concrete sections to prevent ground
water infiltration into sewer systems. All finished and sealed manholes
constructed in accordance with paragraph entitled "Manhole Construction"
shall be tested for leakage in the same manner as pipelines as described in
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 27
paragraph entitled "Leakage Tests." The seal shall be multi-section with a
neoprene rubber top section and all lower sections made of Ethylene
Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) rubber with a minimum thickness of 1.5 mm 60
mils. Each unit shall consist of a top and bottom section and shall have
mastic on the bottom of the bottom section and mastic on the top and bottom
of the top section. The mastic shall be a non-hardening butyl rubber
sealant and shall seal to the cone/top slab of the manhole/catch basin and
over the lip of the casting. Extension sections shall cover up to two more
adjusting rings. Properties and values are listed in the following table:
Properties, Test Methods and Minimum Values for Rubber used in Preformed Joint Seals
Physical Properties
Test Methods
EPDM
Neoprene
Butyl Mastic
Tensile, kPa psi
ASTM D412
12,6841840
15,1322195
--
Elongation, percent
ASTM D412
553
295
350
Tear Resistance, N/mm ppi
ASTM D624 (Die
B)
49280
29160
--
Rebound, percent, 5 minutes
ASTM C972 (mod.) --
--
11
Rebound, percent, 2 hours
ASTM C972
--
12
2.3.4
2.3.4.1
--
Metal Items
Frames, Covers, and Gratings for Manholes
[Submit certification on the ability of frame and cover to carry the
imposed live load.] Frame and cover must be cast gray iron, ASTM A48/A48M,
Class 35B, cast ductile iron, ASTM A536, Grade 65-45-12, or reinforced
concrete, ASTM C478 ASTM C478M. Frames and covers must be circular [with]
[without] vent holes. Size must be [as indicated on the plans] [for 24
inch opening]. The words "Sanitary Sewer" shall be stamped or cast into
covers so that it is plainly visible.
2.3.4.2
Manhole Steps
[Zinc-coated steel] [as indicated] conforming to 29 CFR 1910.27. [As an
option, plastic or rubber coating pressure-molded to the steel may be
used. Plastic coating shall conform to ASTM D4101, copolymer
polypropylene. Rubber shall conform to ASTM C443M ASTM C443, except shore
A durometer hardness shall be 70 plus or minus 5.] Aluminum steps or rungs
will not be permitted. Steps are not required in manholes less than 1.2 m
4 feet deep.
2.3.4.3
Manhole Ladders
A steel ladder shall be provided where the depth of a
12 feet. The ladder shall not be less than 406 mm 16
19 mm 3/4 inch diameter rungs spaced 305 mm 12 inches
stringers shall be a minimum 10 mm 3/8 inch thick and
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 28
manhole exceeds 3.6 m
inches in width, with
apart. The two
51 mm 2 inches wide.
Ladders and inserts shall be galvanized after fabrication in conformance
with ASTM A123/A123M.
2.3.4.4
Septic Tank Piping
Cast iron soil pipe and fittings.
2.3.4.5
Siphon for Septic Tank
Welded steel or close-grained cast iron free from flaws, of an approved
standard design, and prompt and positive in action.
2.3.5
Sewage Absorption Field Materials
[Pipe shall be perforated bell-and-spigot clay pipe conforming to ASTM C700,
clay drain tile, perforated corrugated polyethylene tubing conforming to
ASTM F667/F667M. Covering for open joints in drain tile lines shall be
asphalt-treated paper or asphalt-covered fibrous glass cloth. Wire for
fastening covering to tile shall be 1.2 mm No. 18 American Wire Gage,
nonferrous metal composition.] [Pipe shall be perforated bell-and-spigot
clay pipe conforming to ASTM C700, clay drain tile or PVC plastic pipe
conforming to ASTM F758. Covering for open joints in drain tile lines
shall be asphalt-treated paper or asphalt-covered fibrous glass cloth.
Wire for fastening covering to tile shall be 1.2 mm No. 18 American Wire
Gage, nonferrous metal composition.]
2.4
REPORTS
[Compaction and density test shall be in accordance with Section 31 00 00
EARTHWORK. Submit Test Reports. ]Submit Inspection Reports for daily
activities during the installation of the sanitary system. Information in
the report shall be detailed enough to describe location of work and amount
of pipe laid in place, measured in linear meters feet.
PART 3
3.1
3.1.1
EXECUTION
INSTALLATION OF PIPELINES AND APPURTENANT CONSTRUCTION
Connections to Existing Lines
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For Navy, Use BMS B-5.2.19 to determine
Installation requirements for connecting to existing
sanitary sewer lines and incorporate into this
paragraph. In accoradnce with BMS B-5.2.19 a Utility
Connection Permit must be submitted during design.
**************************************************************************
Obtain approval from the Contracting Officer before making connection to
existing line. Conduct work so that there is minimum interruption of
service on existing line.
Submit request for field support from the Installation's Utilities Field
Support two weeks prior to making connection. Submit request for
pre-connection inspection to be conducted after trenching and layout is
completed, but before the proposed service has been connected.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 29
3.1.2
General Requirements for Installation of Pipelines
These general requirements apply except where specific exception is made in
the following paragraphs entitled "Special Requirements."
3.1.2.1
Location
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Choose one of the following options.
**************************************************************************
The work covered by this section shall terminate at a point approximately
1.5 m 5 feet from the building [, unless otherwise indicated]. [Where the
location of the sewer is not clearly defined by dimensions on the drawings,
do not lay sewer line closer horizontally than 3 m 10 feet to a water main
or service line.] [Install pressure sewer lines beneath water lines only,
with the top of the sewer line being at least 0.60 m 2 feet below bottom of
water line.] [Where sanitary sewer lines pass above water lines, encase
sewer in concrete for a distance of 3 m 10 feet on each side of the
crossing, or substitute rubber-gasketed pressure pipe for the pipe being
used for the same distance.] [Where sanitary sewer lines pass below water
lines, lay pipe so that no joint in the sewer line will be closer than 0.9 m
3 feet, horizontal distance, to the water line.]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Include the subparts below for NAVFAC
projects.
**************************************************************************
[3.1.2.1.1
3.1.2.1.1.1
Sanitary Piping Installation Parallel with Water Line
Normal Conditions
Sanitary piping or manholes shall be laid at least 3 m 10 feet horizontally
from a water line whenever possible. The distance shall be measured
edge-to-edge.
3.1.2.1.1.2
Unusual Conditions
When local conditions prevent a horizontal separation of 3 m 10 feet, the
sanitary piping or manhole may be laid closer to a water line provided that:
a.
The top (crown) of the sanitary piping shall be at least 450 mm 18
inches below the bottom (invert) of the water main.
b.
Where this vertical separation cannot be obtained, the sanitary piping
shall be constructed of AWWA-approved ductile iron water pipe pressure
tested in place without leakage prior to backfilling.
c.
The sewer manhole shall be of watertight construction and tested in
place.
][3.1.2.1.2
Installation of Sanitary Piping Crossing a Water Line
3.1.2.1.2.1
Normal Conditions
Lay sanitary sewer piping by crossing under water lines to provide a
separation of at least 450 mm 18 inches between the top of the sanitary
piping and the bottom of the water line whenever possible.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 30
3.1.2.1.2.2
Unusual Conditions
When local conditions prevent a vertical separation described above, use
the following construction:
a.
Sanitary piping passing over or under water lines shall be constructed
of AWWA-approved ductile iron water pipe, pressure tested in place
without leakage prior to backfilling.
b.
Sanitary piping passing over water lines shall, in addition, be
protected by providing:
(1)
A vertical separation of at least 450 mm 18 inches between the
bottom of the sanitary piping and the top of the water line.
(2)
Adequate structural support for the sanitary piping to prevent
excessive deflection of the joints and the settling on and
breaking of the water line.
(3)
That the length, minimum 6.1 m 20 feet, of the sanitary piping be
centered at the point of the crossing so that joints shall be
equidistant and as far as possible from the water line.
][3.1.2.1.3
Sanitary Sewer Manholes
No water piping shall pass through or come in contact with any part of a
sanitary sewer manhole.
]3.1.2.2
Earthwork
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Earthwork requirements, including bedding,
for pipe trenches and utility structures are covered
in Section 31 00 00 EARTHWORK.
**************************************************************************
Perform earthwork operations in accordance with Section 31 00 00 EARTHWORK.
3.1.2.3
Pipe Laying and Jointing
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete requirement for tongue-and-groove pipe
(concrete pipe) when not allowed for the project.
**************************************************************************
Inspect each pipe and fitting before and after installation; replace those
found defective and remove from site. Provide proper facilities for
lowering sections of pipe into trenches. Lay nonpressure pipe with the
bell [or groove] ends in the upgrade direction. Adjust spigots in bells
[and tongues in grooves] to give a uniform space all around. Blocking or
wedging between bells and spigots [or tongues and grooves] will not be
permitted. Replace by one of the proper dimensions, pipe or fittings that
do not allow sufficient space for installation of joint material. At the
end of each work day, close open ends of pipe temporarily with wood blocks
or bulkheads. Provide batterboards not more than 7.50 m 25 feet apart in
trenches for checking and ensuring that pipe invert elevations are as
indicated. Laser beam method may be used in lieu of batterboards for the
same purpose. Branch connections shall be made by use of regular fittings
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 31
or solvent cemented saddles as approved. Saddles for ABS and PVC composite
pipe shall conform to Figure 2 of ASTM D2680; saddles for ABS pipe shall
comply with Table 3 of ASTM D2751; and saddles for PVC pipe shall conform
to Table 4 of ASTM D3034.
3.1.3
3.1.3.1
Special Requirements
Installation of Cast Iron Soil Piping
Unless otherwise specified, install pipe and fittings in accordance with
paragraph entitled "General Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of
this section and with the recommendations of the pipe manufacturer. Make
joints with the rubber gaskets specified for cast iron soil pipe joints and
assemble in accordance with the recommendations of the pipe manufacturer.
3.1.3.2
Installation of Clay Piping
Install pipe and fittings in accordance with paragraph entitled "General
Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of this section and with the
requirements of ASTM C12 for pipe laying. Make joints with a compression
joint material specified for clay pipe joints and assemble in accordance
with the recommendations of the manufacturer of the pipe.
3.1.3.3
Installation of Concrete Gravity Sewer Piping
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Not allowed for NAVFAC LANT projects.
**************************************************************************
Install pipe and fittings in accordance with paragraph entitled "General
Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of this section and with the
provisions for rubber gasket jointing and jointing procedures of ACPA 01-103
or of ACPA 01-102, Chapter 9, "Installation, Inspection and Construction
Testing." Make joints with the gaskets specified for concrete gravity
sewer pipe joints. Clean and dry surfaces receiving lubricants, cements,
or adhesives. Affix gaskets to pipe not more than 24 hours prior to the
installation of the pipe. Protect gaskets from sun, blowing dust, and
other deleterious agents at all times. Before installation of the pipe,
inspect gaskets and remove and replace loose or improperly affixed
gaskets. Align each pipe section with the previously installed pipe
section, and pull the joint together. If, while pulling the joint, the
gasket becomes loose and can be seen through the exterior joint recess when
the pipe is pulled up to within 25 mm 1 inch of closure, remove the pipe
and remake the joint.
3.1.3.4
Installation of Concrete Pressure Lines
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Not allowed for NAVFAC LANT projects.
**************************************************************************
Unless otherwise specified, install pipe and fittings in accordance with
paragraph entitled "General Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of
this section and with the laying and joining requirements specified in the
guide specifications for installation of pipe given in AWWA M9, Chapter 14,
"Guide Specifications for Installation of Pipe."
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 32
3.1.3.4.1
Joints
Make joints with the gaskets specified for concrete pressure pipe joints,
using an approved lubricant recommended by the pipe manufacturer. Assemble
these joints in accordance with the joining requirements specified in the
guide specifications for installation of pipe given in AWWA M9, Chapter 14,
"Guide Specifications for Installation of Pipe," and with the
recommendations given for laying the pipe in AWWA M9, Chapter 6,
"Installation by Trenching or Tunneling -- Methods and Equipment."
3.1.3.4.2
Pipe Anchorage
Provide concrete thrust blocks (reaction backing) for pipe anchorage. Size
and position thrust blocks as indicated. Use concrete conforming to
ASTM C94/C94M having a minimum compressive strength of 13.80 MPa 2,000 psi
at 28 days; or use concrete of a mix not leaner than one part cement 2 1/2
parts sand, and 5 parts gravel, having the same minimum compressive
strength.
3.1.3.5
Installation of Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe
Unless otherwise specified, install pipe and associated fittings in
accordance with paragraph entitled "General Requirements for Installation
of Pipelines" of this section and with the requirements of AWWA C600 for
pipe installation and joint assembly.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: At the text below, delete requirements for
and references to push-on joints for ductile-iron
gravity sewer pipe and associated fittings when the
greater deflection afforded by the mechanical joint
is considered necessary throughout.
**************************************************************************
a.
[Make push-on joints with the gaskets and lubricant specified for this
type joint and assemble in accordance with the applicable requirements
of AWWA C600 for joint assembly.] Make mechanical-joints with the
gaskets, glands, bolts, and nuts specified for this type joint and
assemble in accordance with the applicable requirements of AWWA C600
for joint assembly and the recommendations of Appendix A to
AWWA C111/A21.11.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: At the text below, delete the paragraph
except when required. See AWWA C105/A21.5 for
guidance on selecting Class of polyethylene film.
**************************************************************************
b.
Exterior protection: Completely encase buried ductile iron pipelines
with polyethylene tube or sheet in accordance with AWWA C105/A21.5,
using [Class A] [Class C] polyethylene film.
3.1.3.6
Installation of Ductile-Iron Pressure Lines
Unless otherwise specified, install pipe and fittings in accordance with
paragraph entitled "General Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of
this section and with the requirements of AWWA C600 for pipe installation,
joint assembly, and valve-and-fitting installation.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 33
a.
[Make push-on joints with the gaskets and lubricant specified for this
type joint and assemble in accordance with the applicable requirements
of AWWA C600 for joint assembly.] Make mechanical-joints with the
gaskets, glands, bolts, and nuts specified for this type joint;
assemble in accordance with the applicable requirements of AWWA C600
for joint assembly and the recommendations of Appendix A to
AWWA C111/A21.11. [Make flanged joints with gaskets, bolts, and nuts
specified for this type joint. Make flanged joints up tight, taking
care to avoid undue strain on flanges, fittings, and other
accessories. Align bolt holes for each flanged joint. Use full size
bolts for the bolt holes; use of undersized bolts to make up for
misalignment of bolt holes or for any other purpose will not be
permitted. Do not allow adjoining flange faces to be out of parallel
to such degree that the flanged joint cannot be made watertight without
overstraining the flange. When flanged pipe or fittings have
dimensions that do not allow the making of a proper flanged joint as
specified, replace it by one of proper dimensions.] [Assemble joints
made with sleeve-type mechanical couplings in accordance with the
recommendations of the coupling manufacturer, as approved.] [Make
[grooved] [and] [shouldered] type joints with the couplings previously
specified for this type joint connecting pipe with the [grooved] [or]
[shouldered] ends specified for this type joint and assemble in
accordance with the recommendations of the coupling manufacturer, as
approved. [Groove pipe in the field only with approved groove cutting
equipment designed especially for the purpose and produced by a
manufacturer of grooved joint couplings; secure approval for field-cut
grooves before assembling the joint.]]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the text below except when required.
See Foreword to AWWA C105/A21.5 for guidance on
selecting Class of polyethylene film.
**************************************************************************
b.
Exterior protection: Completely encase buried ductile iron pipelines
with polyethylene tube or sheet in accordance with AWWA C105/A21.5,
using [Class A] [Class C] polyethylene film.
c.
Pipe anchorage: Provide concrete thrust blocks (reaction backing) for
pipe anchorage. Size and position thrust blocks as indicated. Use
concrete conforming to ASTM C94/C94M having a minimum compressive
strength of 13.80 MPa 2,000 psi at 28 days; or use concrete of a mix
not leaner than one part cement, 2 1/2 parts sand, and 5 parts gravel,
having the same minimum compressive strength.
3.1.3.7
Installation of ABS Composite Plastic Piping
Install pipe and fittings in accordance with paragraph entitled "General
Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of this section and with the
recommendations of the plastic pipe manufacturer. Make joints with the
primer and solvent cement specified for this joint and assemble in
accordance with the recommendations of the pipe manufacturer. Handle
solvent cement in accordance with ASTM F402.
3.1.3.8
Installation of ABS Solid-Wall Plastic Piping
Install pipe and fittings in accordance with paragraph entitled "General
Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of this section and with the
recommendations of the plastic pipe manufacturer. Make solvent cement
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 34
joints with the solvent cement previously specified for this type joint.
Make elastomeric joints with the gaskets specified for this type joint and
assemble in accordance with the recommendations of the pipe manufacturer.
Handle solvent cement in accordance with ASTM F402.
3.1.3.9
Installation of PVC Plastic Piping
Install pipe and fittings in accordance with paragraph entitled "General
Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of this section and with the
requirements of ASTM D2321 for laying and joining pipe and fittings. Make
joints with the gaskets specified for joints with this piping and assemble
in accordance with the requirements of ASTM D2321 for assembly of joints.
Make joints to other pipe materials in accordance with the recommendations
of the plastic pipe manufacturer.
3.1.3.10
Installation of PVC Plastic Pressure Pipe and Fittings
Unless otherwise specified, install pipe and fittings in accordance with
paragraph entitled "General Requirements for Installation of Pipelines" of
this section; with the requirements of AWWA C605 for laying of pipe,
joining PVC pipe to fittings and accessories, and setting of hydrants,
valves, and fittings; and with the recommendations for pipe joint assembly
and appurtenance installation in AWWA M23, Chapter 7, "Installation."
3.1.3.10.1
3.1.3.10.1.1
Pipe Less Than 100 mm 4 Inch Diameter
Threaded Joints
Make by wrapping the male threads with joint tape or by applying an
approved thread lubricant, then threading the joining members together.
Tighten the joints with strap wrenches which will not damage the pipe and
fittings. Tighten the joint no more than 2 threads past hand-tight.
3.1.3.10.1.2
Push-On Joints
The ends of pipe for push-on joints shall be beveled to facilitate
assembly. Pipe shall be marked to indicate when the pipe is fully seated.
The gasket shall be lubricated to prevent displacement. Care shall be
exercised to ensure that the gasket remains in proper position in the bell
or coupling while making the joint.
3.1.3.10.1.3
Solvent-Weld Joints
Comply with the manufacturer's instructions.
3.1.3.10.2
Pipe 100 mm 4 Inch Diameter Joints
Make push-on joints with the elastomeric gaskets specified for this type
joint, using either elastomeric-gasket bell-end pipe or elastomeric-gasket
couplings. For pipe-to-pipe push-on joint connections, use only pipe with
push-on joint ends having factory-made bevel; for push-on joint connections
to fittings, cut spigot end of pipe off square and re-bevel pipe end to a
bevel approximately the same as that on ductile-iron pipe used for the same
type of joint. Use an approved lubricant recommended by the pipe
manufacturer for push-on joints. Assemble push-on joints for pipe-to-pipe
joint connections in accordance with the requirements of AWWA C605 for
laying the pipe and the recommendations in AWWA M23, Chapter 7,
"Installation," for pipe joint assembly. Assemble push-on joints for
connection to fittings in accordance with the requirements of AWWA C605 for
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 35
joining PVC pipe to fittings and accessories and with the applicable
requirements of AWWA C600 for joint assembly. Make compression-type
joints/mechanical-joints with the gaskets, glands, bolts, nuts, and
internal stiffeners specified for this type joint and assemble in
accordance with the requirements of AWWA C605 for joining PVC pipe to
fittings and accessories, with the applicable requirements of AWWA C600 for
joint assembly, and with the recommendations of Appendix A to
AWWA C111/A21.11. Cut off spigot end of pipe for compression-type
joint/mechanical-joint connections and do not re-bevel.
3.1.3.10.3
Pipe Anchorage
Provide concrete thrust blocks (reaction backing) for pipe anchorage. Size
and position thrust blocks as indicated. Use concrete conforming to
ASTM C94/C94M having a minimum compressive strength of 13.80 MPa 2,000 psi
at 28 days; or use concrete of a mix not leaner than one part cement, 2 1/2
parts sand, and 5 parts gravel, having the same minimum compressive
strength.
3.1.3.11
Installation of Dual Wall and Triple Wall Polypropylene
Installation shall be in accordance with "General Requirements for
installation of Pipelines" of this section, with the polypropylene pipe
manufacturer's recommendations, and with the requirements of ASTM D2321 for
laying and joining pipe and fittings. Place a minimum of 150 mm 6 inches
of Class 1 or Class 2 backfill over the crown of the pipe with minimum 90
percent compaction.
3.1.3.12
Pipeline Installation Beneath Railroad Right-of-Way
Where pipeline passes under the right-of-way of a commercial railroad,
install piping in accordance with the specifications for pipelines
conveying nonflammable substances in AREMA Eng Man.
3.1.4
Concrete Work
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete these paragraphs if not used or insert
applicable concrete requirements here.
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Cast-in-place concrete is included in Section [03 30 00.00 10 CAST-IN-PLACE
CONCRETE][03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE][03 30 53 MISCELLANEOUS
CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE]. The pipe shall be supported on a concrete cradle,
or encased in concrete where indicated or directed.
3.1.5
Manhole Construction
Construct base slab of cast-in-place concrete or use precast concrete base
sections. Make inverts in cast-in-place concrete and precast concrete
bases with a smooth-surfaced semi-circular bottom conforming to the inside
contour of the adjacent sewer sections. For changes in direction of the
sewer and entering branches into the manhole, make a circular curve in the
manhole invert of as large a radius as manhole size will permit. For
cast-in-place concrete construction, either pour bottom slabs and walls
integrally or key and bond walls to bottom slab. No parging will be
permitted on interior manhole walls. For precast concrete construction,
make joints between manhole sections with the gaskets specified for this
purpose; install in the manner specified for installing joints in concrete
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 36
piping. Parging will not be required for precast concrete manholes.
Cast-in-place concrete work shall be in accordance with the requirements
specified under paragraph entitled "Concrete Work" of this section. Make
joints between concrete manholes and pipes entering manholes with the
resilient connectors specified for this purpose; install in accordance with
the recommendations of the connector manufacturer. Where a new manhole is
constructed on an existing line, remove existing pipe as necessary to
construct the manhole. Cut existing pipe so that pipe ends are
approximately flush with the interior face of manhole wall, but not
protruding into the manhole. Use resilient connectors as previously
specified for pipe connectors to concrete manholes.
3.1.6
Miscellaneous Construction and Installation
3.1.6.1
Connecting to Existing Manholes
Pipe connections to existing manholes shall be made so that finish work
will conform as nearly as practicable to the applicable requirements
specified for new manholes, including all necessary concrete work, cutting,
and shaping. The connection shall be centered on the manhole. Holes for
the new pipe shall be of sufficient diameter to allow packing cement mortar
around the entire periphery of the pipe but no larger than 1.5 times the
diameter of the pipe. Cutting the manhole shall be done in a manner that
will cause the least damage to the walls.
3.1.6.2
Metal Work
3.1.6.2.1
Workmanship and Finish
Perform metal work so that workmanship and finish will be equal to the best
practice in modern structural shops and foundries. Form iron to shape and
size with sharp lines and angles. Do shearing and punching so that clean
true lines and surfaces are produced. Make castings sound and free from
warp, cold shuts, and blow holes that may impair their strength or
appearance. Give exposed surfaces a smooth finish with sharp well-defined
lines and arises. Provide necessary rabbets, lugs, and brackets wherever
necessary for fitting and support.
3.1.6.2.2
Field Painting
After installation, clean cast-iron frames, covers, gratings, and steps not
buried in concrete to bare metal of mortar, rust, grease, dirt, and other
deleterious materials and apply a coat of bituminous paint. Do not paint
surfaces subject to abrasion.
3.1.7
Sewage Absorption Trench Construction
Grade pipe lines uniformly downward to the outlet. Lay perforated pipe
with the perforations downward. Lay drain tile with 6 mm 1/4 inch open
joints. Cover open joints of drain tile with the cover material specified
so that it extends not less than 1.75 rad 100 degrees on each side of the
vertical center line of the tile. Wire covering in place.
3.1.8
Installations of Wye Branches
Cutting into piping for connections shall not be done except in special
approved cases. When the connecting pipe cannot be adequately supported on
undisturbed earth or tamped backfill, the pipe shall be encased in concrete
backfill or supported on a concrete cradle as directed. Concrete required
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 37
because of conditions resulting from faulty construction methods or
negligence shall be installed at no additional cost to the Government. The
installation of wye branches in an existing sewer shall be made by a method
which does not damage the integrity of the existing sewer. One acceptable
method consists of removing one pipe section, breaking off the upper half
of the bell of the next lower section and half of the running bell of wye
section. After placing the new section, it shall be rotated so that the
broken half of the bell will be at the bottom. The two joints shall then
be made with joint packing and cement mortar.
3.2
3.2.1
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
Field Tests and Inspections
The Contracting Officer will conduct field inspections and witness field
tests specified in this section. Perform field tests and provide labor,
equipment, and incidentals required for testing[, except that water and
electric power needed for field tests will be furnished as set forth in
Section [_____]]. Be able to produce evidence, when required, that each
item of work has been constructed in accordance with the drawings and
specifications.
[3.2.2
Post-Construction Inspection
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For Navy, contact Installation staff to
determine if dye testing or smoke testing is
required by either state,local,or Navy requirements
at the specific project location.
**************************************************************************
Submit post-construction inspection request for field support from the
Installation's Utilities Field Support two weeks prior to post-connection
inspection.
[ Perform a dye test from the projects sanitary sewer point of connection to
the first downstream manhole on the next active sanitary sewer branch
main. Dye must be a nontoxic non-staining sewer tracing dye. Test results
are to be noted in the daily Construction Quality Control (CQC) Report.
a.
Continue testing until it can be visually confirmed by way of the dye
that the sewer connection is appropriate or until deficiencies are
discovered.
b.
During the test, monitor the storm drainage system downstream from the
project, either manholes or outfalls, for any sign of cross-connection.
][Perform a smoke test on the relevant portion of the sewer system. Test
results are to be noted in the daily Construction Quality Control (CQC)
Report.
a.
Continue testing until it can be visually confirmed that the projects
sanitary sewer point of connection has not been cross-connected to the
storm drainage system.
b.
During the test, monitor the storm drainage system, either manholes or
outfalls, for any sign of cross-connection.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 38
]]3.2.3
Tests for Nonpressure Lines
Check each straight run of pipeline for gross deficiencies by holding a
light in a manhole; it shall show a practically full circle of light
through the pipeline when viewed from the adjoining end of line. When
pressure piping is used in a nonpressure line for nonpressure use, test
this piping as specified for nonpressure pipe.
3.2.3.1
Leakage Tests
Test lines for leakage by either infiltration tests or exfiltration tests,
or by low-pressure air tests. Prior to testing for leakage, backfill
trench up to at least lower half of pipe. When necessary to prevent
pipeline movement during testing, place additional backfill around pipe
sufficient to prevent movement, but leaving joints uncovered to permit
inspection. When leakage or pressure drop exceeds the allowable amount
specified, make satisfactory correction and retest pipeline section in the
same manner. Correct visible leaks regardless of leakage test results.
3.2.3.1.1
Infiltration Tests and Exfiltration Tests
Perform these tests for sewer lines made of the specified materials, not
only concrete, in accordance with ASTM C969M ASTM C969. Make calculations
in accordance with the Appendix to ASTM C969M ASTM C969.
3.2.3.1.2
Low-Pressure Air Tests
erform tests as follows:
3.2.3.1.2.1
Clay Pipelines
Test in accordance with ASTM C828. Allowable pressure drop shall be as
given in ASTM C828. Make calculations in accordance with the Appendix to
ASTM C828.
3.2.3.1.2.2
Concrete Pipelines
Test in accordance with ASTM C924M ASTM C924. Allowable pressure drop
shall be as given in ASTM C924M ASTM C924. Make calculations in accordance
with the Appendix to ASTM C924M ASTM C924.
3.2.3.1.2.3
Ductile-Iron Pipelines
Test in accordance with the applicable requirements of ASTM C924M ASTM C924.
Allowable pressure drop shall be as given in ASTM C924M ASTM C924. Make
calculations in accordance with the Appendix to ASTM C924M ASTM C924.
3.2.3.1.2.4
ABS Composite Plastic Pipelines
Test in accordance with the applicable requirements of UBPPA UNI-B-6.
Allowable pressure drop shall be as given in UBPPA UNI-B-6. Make
calculations in accordance with the Appendix to UBPPA UNI-B-6.
3.2.3.1.2.5
PVC Plastic Pipelines
Test in accordance with UBPPA UNI-B-6. Allowable pressure drop shall be as
given in UBPPA UNI-B-6. Make calculations in accordance with the Appendix
to UBPPA UNI-B-6.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 39
3.2.3.1.2.6
Polypropylene
Test in accordance with ASTM F1417 or UBPPA UNI-B-6. Allowable pressure
drop shall be as given in ASTM F1417 or UBPPA UNI-B-6 depending on the
specification chosen to follow. Make calculations in accordance with the
Appendix to ASTM F1417 or UBPPA UNI-B-6 depending on the specification
chosen to follow.
3.2.3.2
Deflection Testing
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Specify deflection testing only when
warranted by scope or size of project.
**************************************************************************
Perform a deflection test on entire length of installed plastic pipeline on
completion of work adjacent to and over the pipeline, including leakage
tests, backfilling, placement of fill, grading, paving, concreting, and any
other superimposed loads determined in accordance with ASTM D2412.
Deflection of pipe in the installed pipeline under external loads shall not
exceed 4.5 percent of the average inside diameter of pipe. Determine
whether the allowable deflection has been exceeded by use of a pull-through
device or a deflection measuring device.
3.2.3.2.1
Pull-Through Device
This device shall be a spherical, spheroidal, or elliptical ball, a
cylinder, or circular sections fused to a common shaft. Circular sections
shall be so spaced on the shaft that distance from external faces of front
and back sections will equal or exceed diameter of the circular section.
Pull-through device may also be of a design promulgated by the Uni-Bell
Plastic Pipe Association, provided the device meets the applicable
requirements specified in this paragraph, including those for diameter of
the device, and that the mandrel has a minimum of 9 arms. Ball, cylinder,
or circular sections shall conform to the following:
a.
A diameter, or minor diameter as applicable, of 95 percent of the
average inside diameter of the pipe; tolerance of plus 0.5 percent will
be permitted.
b.
Homogeneous material throughout, shall have a density greater than 1.0
as related to water at 4 degrees C 39.2 degrees F, and shall have a
surface Brinell hardness of not less than 150.
c.
Center bored and through-bolted with a 6 mm 1/4 inch minimum diameter
steel shaft having a yield strength of not less than 483 MPa 70,000 psi,
with eyes or loops at each end for attaching pulling cables.
d.
Each eye or loop shall be suitably backed with a flange or heavy washer
such that a pull exerted on opposite end of shaft will produce
compression throughout remote end.
3.2.3.2.2
Deflection Measuring Device
Sensitive to 1.0 percent of the diameter of the pipe being tested and shall
be accurate to 1.0 percent of the indicated dimension. Deflection
measuring device shall be approved prior to use.
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 40
3.2.3.2.3
Pull-Through Device Procedure
Pass the pull-through device through each run of pipe, either by pulling it
through or flushing it through with water. If the device fails to pass
freely through a pipe run, replace pipe which has the excessive deflection
and completely retest in same manner and under same conditions.
3.2.3.2.4
Deflection measuring device procedure
Measure deflections through each run of installed pipe. If deflection
readings in excess of 4.5 percent of average inside diameter of pipe are
obtained, retest pipe by a run from the opposite direction. If retest
continues to show a deflection in excess of 4.5 percent of average inside
diameter of pipe, replace pipe which has excessive deflection and
completely retest in same manner and under same conditions.
3.2.4
Tests for Pressure Lines
Test pressure lines in accordance with the applicable standard specified in
this paragraph, except for test pressures. For hydrostatic pressure test,
use a hydrostatic pressure 345 kPa 50 psi in excess of the maximum working
pressure of the system, but not less than 690 kPa 100 psi, holding the
pressure for a period of not less than one hour. For leakage test, use a
hydrostatic pressure not less than the maximum working pressure of the
system. Leakage test may be performed at the same time and at the same
test pressure as the pressure test. [Test ductile-iron pressure lines in
accordance with the requirements of AWWA C600 for hydrostatic testing.
Leakage on ductile-iron pipelines with mechanical-joints [or push-on
joints] shall not exceed the amounts given in AWWA C600; allow no leakage
at joints made by other methods.] [Test concrete pressure lines in
accordance with the recommendations in AWWA M9, Chapter 10, "Hydrostatic
Testing and Disinfection of Mains." Leakage on concrete pipelines shall
not exceed 1.88 L/24 hours per mm of pipe diameter per kilometer 20 gallons
per 24 hours per inch of pipe diameter per mile of pipeline.] [Test PVC
plastic pressure lines in accordance with the requirements of AWWA C605 for
pressure and leakage tests, using the allowable leakage given therein.]
3.2.5
Field Tests for Concrete
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete this paragraph if not used or insert
applicable concrete requirements here.
**************************************************************************
Field testing requirements are covered in Section [03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE
CONCRETE] [03 30 53 MISCELLANEOUS CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE] [03 30 00.00 10
CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE]
-- End of Section --
SECTION 33 30 00
Page 41
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