Oldham MX 48 Controller Installation Manual (English)

Oldham MX 48 Controller Installation Manual (English)
IN S T AL L A T IO N M AN U AL
Ref : NP48IGB
GAS DETECTION
We are delighted that you have chosen an INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC instrument and would like to thank
you for your choice.
We have taken all the necessary measures to ensure that your instrument provides total satisfaction.
Now it is important to read this document carefully.
EXTENT OF RESPONSIBILIT Y
* INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC declines its responsibility towards any person for material damage, physical injury
or death resulting wholly or partly from inappropriate use, installation or storage of its equipment resulting from
failure to observe instructions and warnings and/or standards and regulations in force.
* INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC neither supports nor authorises any company, physical or moral person to assume
responsibility on behalf of INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC , even if it is involved in the sale of INDUSTRIAL
SCIENTIFIC products.
* INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC cannot be held responsible for direct or indirect damage or be required to pay direct
or indirect compensation resulting from the sale or use of any of its products IF THESE PRODUCTS HAVE NOT
BEEN DEFINED AND CHOSEN BY INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC FOR THEIR SPECIFIC USE.
CLAUSES CONCERNING PROPERTY
* Drawings, plans, specifications and information included in this document contain confidential information that is
the property of INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC
* None of this information may be reproduced, copied, divulged or translated, by physical, electronic or any other
means, nor used as the basis for the manufacture or sale of INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC equipment or for any
other reasons without prior consent from INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC
WARNINGS
* This document is not contractually binding. In the interests of its customers, INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC
reserves to modify the technical specifications of its equipment without notice, in order to improve its performance.
* READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE FIRST USE OF THE EQUIPMENT: this manual must be
read by any person who is or will be responsible for using, maintaining or repairing this equipment.
* This equipment will only provide the announced performance levels if it is used, maintained and repaired
according to INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC directives, by INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC personnel or by
personnel approved by INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC
GUARANTEE
2 years guarantee in normal conditions of use on parts and technical labour, return in our workshops, excluding
consumables (sensors, filters, etc.)
3
C ON TEN TS
1.
DESCRIPTION.................................................................................................................. 6
1.1.
the wall-mounted box....................................................................................................... 6
1.2.
The various printed circuit boards .................................................................................. 6
2.
INSTALLATION AND CONNECTIONS ...................................................................... 7
2.1.
Installation: recommendations ........................................................................................ 7
2.2.
Electrical connections of the MX48 Unit (Fig. 8) ........................................................... 7
2.2.1.
Alternative power supply......................................................................................... 7
2.2.2.
DC power supply ..................................................................................................... 8
2.3.
Detectors (Figure 12) ...................................................................................................... 8
2.3.1.
Explosimetric detectors of PONT type .................................................................... 8
2.3.2.
3-wire detectors 4-20 mA: 3 connecting wires for shielded cable .......................... 8
2.3.3.
2-wire detectors 4-20 mA: 2 connecting wires for shielded cable .......................... 8
2.3.4.
FIRE detectors: 2 connecting wires for shielded cable ........................................... 9
2.3.5.
FLAME detectors: 2, 3 or 4 connecting wires for shielded cable depending on
utilization................................................................................................................. 9
2.3.6.
CO2 detector of type “Ventostat VT” ................................................................... 11
2.3.7.
Specific case of intrinsic safety detectors CTX100 / COX100 ............................. 11
2.3.8.
Other detectors with standardized current output .................................................. 12
2.3.9.
Parking application................................................................................................ 12
2.4.
Connecting the unit to external devices......................................................................... 13
2.4.1.
Slaving controls ..................................................................................................... 13
2.4.2.
4-20 mA current outputs (Fig. 12) ......................................................................... 14
2.4.3.
RS 232 and RS 485 outputs ................................................................................... 14
2.4.4.
Remote acknowledgement ..................................................................................... 16
3.
STARTING UP ................................................................................................................ 17
3.1.
Checking the installation ............................................................................................... 17
3.2.
Switching on the unit ..................................................................................................... 17
3.3.
Operating modes............................................................................................................ 18
3.3.1.
Audio warning device (buzzer) ............................................................................. 18
3.3.2.
Light-emitting diodes (LED) (Fig. 1 and fig 4) ..................................................... 18
3.3.3.
Alarm thresholds.................................................................................................... 19
3.3.4.
Measuring unit ....................................................................................................... 19
4.
UTILIZATION ................................................................................................................ 20
4.1.
List and functions of the various items of “USER” equipment for programming and
calibration of the unit ................................................................................................................ 20
4.1.1.
Keypads ................................................................................................................. 20
4.1.2.
Maintenance keys .................................................................................................. 21
5.
Scrapping of mx48 ........................................................................................................... 23
4
6.
Special Specifications for use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres in accordance
with European Directive ATEX 94/9/EC. ................................................................................. 24
6.2.
Specifications for mechanical and electrical installation in Classified Areas. ............. 24
6.3.
Metrological Specifications ........................................................................................... 24
6.4.
Connecting detectors other than INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC detectors to the MX48
device 26
6.4.1.
Device transfer curves in 0% to 100% LEL configuration.................................... 26
6.4.2.
Device transfer curves in 0% to 30.0% OXYGEN configuration......................... 27
6.4.3.
Power supply and load resistance characteristics .................................................. 27
6.5.
7.
MARKING...................................................................................................................... 27
VIEWS SPECIFIED IN THE MANUAL ...................................................................... 29
5
1 . D E S C RI P T I O N
1.1. the wall-mounted box
The housing of the MX48 is a wall- mounted box consisting of a back casing and a cover which can
be pivoted.
•
•
Dimensions: Fig. 1 (end of this manual)
Overall view, casing open : Fig. 2
1.2. The various printed circuit boards
•
Overall view: Fig. 2
•
Power supply board : Fig. 3 Chap 5
•
Measuring channel board: Fig. 7 Chap 5
•
Front link board : Fig. 4 Chap 5
(Comprising the display, the micro part, the DB9 RS223 and RS485 connector and the
keypads).
FIGURE 2 : COMPLETE SET OF BOARDS
¼
turn latches – 2 off
2 vÚrrouillages 1/4 de
tour
MX48
boxMX48
Coffret
(see
(voir
Fig.
fign°1)
N¦1)
Stay
forpour
holding
up the
Compas
retenir
le couvercle en
cover
position haute
Transformateur
Transformer
keypad
ClavierOffset
dÚportÚ
Display
Carte afficheur
board
N°4)
Power
board
Carte supply
alimentation
(see (voir
fig. N°3)
fig N¦3)
fig.
(voir fig(see
N¦4)
First measurement
channel
PremiÞre carte
voie
mesure
board (see
fig.deN°7)
DeuxiÞme
carte
Second
measurement
voie de mesure
channel board (see fig. N°7)
(voir fig N¦7)
(voir fig N¦7)
VUE
D'ENSEMBLE
DU MX48
OVERALL
VIEW
OF
THE MX48
open)
FIGURE 2
15
15 PG9
presses-Útoupes
cable glands PG9
(carter ouvert)
(casing
Figure N¦2
6
2 . I NS T AL L AT I O N A ND C O N NE C T I O NS
Please ensure you read the paragraph: Special Specifications for use in Potentially Explosive
Atmospheres in Accordance with European Directive ATEX 94/9/EC
2.1.
Installation: recommendations
The MX48 unit can be installed in any premises without an explosive atmosphere. They should
preferably be placed in a ventilated and monitored location (guardhouse, control room,
instrumentation room, etc.).
Attachment is to be ensured in accordance with the dimensions in Figure 1 (3 attachment points).
REMARK
In order to permit the swivelling front panel of the unit to be opened completely, allowance must be
made for opening by rotation through 90° downwards (see fig 2 – end of this manual)
Before making any connections, the unit should be switched off using the main On/Off switch
below and to the left of the FRONT circuit (see Figures 3 rep A).
2.2.
Electrical connections of the MX48 Unit (Fig. 8)
The MX48 unit is equipped with a pulse automatic device which enables to connect 24 V DC
voltage in a lack of 220 V AC voltage so we can use no expansive save power supply.
2.2.1.
Alternative power supply
-
Voltage: 230 V AC (207 to 244 V) 50/60 Hz
Maximum power: 200 VA
Maximum current in cable: 1 A
Cable: 3 x 1.5 mm² (including earth)
Location of connection terminal blocks: Fig. 8,
Protection: the phase and neutral wires are protected by time-delayed 2 A
fuses located at the rear of the power module (fig3).
Voltage: 103 to 122 V AC - 50/60 Hz on option
CAUTION
It is mandatory that the appliance must be earthed. A terminal is reserved for this purpose at the
back of the power module: see Fig. 5. This connection is required in order to ensure correct
operation of the following:
-
mains power interference filter,
protective devices against electromagnetic interference.
7
2.2.2.
-
2.3.
DC power supply
Voltage: 21 to 30 V continue. The "- " from continue power supply is linked to
earth (and earth being linked to frame).
Maximum power: 150 W
Maximum current in cable: 6.3 A
Cable: 2 x 2.5 mm²
Location of terminal block: see Fig. 8, item D
Protection: by two fuses located at the back of the power module (Fig. 3)
Detectors (Figure 12)
REMARK
-
The detectors are linked by SHIELDED cables.
The utilization of shielded cables is MANDATORY
The earth braid of shielded cables must be connected to the earth at one end
only.
CAUTION
Each channel is configured in the factory for a given type of detector (explosive gas, toxic
gas, fire or flame). If two different types of detector are interchanged, this may result in
the destruction of the central unit or of the detector.
2.3.1.
Explosimetric detectors of PONT type
Three connecting wires for a shielded cable.
Resistance of detector / unit cable : 16 ohms maximum per wire, i.e. 32 ohms in loop (1 km for cable
3 x 1.5 mm²).
Connection on MX48 unit: see Fig. 10 – Example 1
2.3.2.
-
3-wire detectors 4-20 mA: 3 connecting wires for shielded cable
Resistance of detector / unit cable: 16 ohms maximum per wire, i.e. 32 ohms in loop
(1 km for cable 3 x 1.5 mm²).
Connection on MX48 unit: see Fig. 10. – Example 2
2.3.3.
2-wire detectors 4-20 mA: 2 connecting wires for shielded cable
-
Resistance of detector / unit cable: 32 ohms maximum per wire, i.e. 64 ohms in loop
(2 km for cable 2 x 1.5 mm²).
-
Connection on MX48 unit: see Fig. 11. – Example 2
8
2.3.4.
FIRE detectors: 2 connecting wires for shielded cable
The current commercial designations are as follows:
-
“Thermovelo” detectors of type EC 11 (sensitive to temperature variations)
Ionic detectors of type EI 1 100 (sensitive to smoke)
Optical detectors of type EO 1 100 (sensitive to smoke)
-
Resistance of detector / unit cable: 28 ohms maximum per wire, i.e. 56 ohms in loop (2
km for cable 2 x 1.5 mm²)
-
Fire detectors can be detected in parallel to a maximum of five. The end-of- loop resistor
(2.7 K) is to be placed at the end of the line on the last detector.
-
Connection on MX48 unit: see Fig. 11. – example 1
2.3.5.
FLAME detectors: 2, 3 or 4 connecting wires for shielded cable
depending on utilization
9
REMARK
The detectors can be supplied with power either via the MX48 unit or by an auxiliary 24 V DC
source.
These detectors can operate in standalone mode:
24 V DC power supply and direct utilization of relay contacts in accordance with the
technical specification corresponding to the detector used.
The current commercial designations are as follows:
-
model 20/20 U - analog - type UV - 752002 (sensitive to UV radiation)
model 20/20 UC - analog - type UV (sensitive to UV radiation)
model 20/20 UB - µP technology - type UV - 772002 (sensitive to UV radiation)
model 20/20 UBC - µP technology - type UV (sensitive to UV radiation)
model 20/20 LC - analog - type UV/IR (pyroelectric, combination of UV and IR
detectors)
model 20/20 LBC - µP technology - type UV/IR (pyroelectric, combination of UV and
IR detectors)
model 20/20 I - µP technology - triple IR detector - 780002 (pyroelectric, sensitive to IR
radiation)
These detectors are equipped with various types of terminal block (see table below).
Model
Type
of terminal
block
-
20/20 U
20/20 UC 20/20 UB 20/20 LC 20/20 UNC 20/20 LBC 20/20 I
B
C
A
C
C
C
A
Resistance of cable / unit
- In the case of local 24 V DC power supply:
8.5 ohms maximum per wire, i.e. 17 ohms in loop
- In the case of power supply via the MX48 unit:
3 ohms maximum per wire, i.e. 6 ohms * in loop
∗ 4 ohms for detector 20/20 I (IR3)
-
Connection on MX48 unit (ONE detector per measuring channel ONLY):
-
detector equipped with a terminal block of type A: see Fig. 13
detector equipped with a terminal block of type B: see Fig. 14
detector equipped with a terminal block of type C: see Fig. 15
Example of the utilization of the 4-20 mA signal from flame detectors equipped with connectors of
type A or C: see Fig. 16.
Example of the utilization of detectors equipped with connectors of either type A or type B and with
auxiliary power supply. The auxiliary power supply must be able to supply power to the number of
detectors planned in the measuring loop (see Fig. 17).
10
REMARK
In the case of this application, the maximum of five flame detectors can be connected in the
measuring loop.
Example of the utilization of IR3 or UV/IR detectors equipped with connectors of type A with a
local junction box and galvanic insulation (see Fig. 18).
2.3.6.
CO2 detector of type “Ventostat VT”
-
Connection on MX48 unit: see Fig. 20.
-
Resistance of detector/unit power cable: 12 ohms maximum per wire, i.e. 24 ohms in
loop.
-
4-20 mA output: maximum load = 280 ohms (whole loop)
2.3.7.
Specific case of intrinsic safety detectors CTX100 / COX100
Two types of intrinsic safety barrier can be used: Z787 / EX and MTL787S+.
PRECAUTIONS
Before connecting the barrier to the unit, check that the voltage is < 25 V DC.
-
A short circuit in the electrical connections will result in destruction of the barrier.
-
Perform wiring in the DE-ENERGIZED state.
-
The electrical link between the MX48 unit and the clipper is made using a screened
cable with two active conductors with a maximum resistance of 12 ohms each.
11
REMARK
In classified areas, the installation must comply with the standards in force.
-
Connections on MX48 unit: see Fig. 21.
IMPORTANT
All intrinsic safety installations must be APPROVED as a whole assembly by an approved
organization (DRIRE, etc.).
INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC “INTRINSIC SAFETY” BARRIERS
Type of IS
barrier
Reference
Z787 / EX
6184703
MTL787S+
6797100
2.3.8.
Specific features
To be fitted on DIN
RAIL
To be fitted in an
approved box:
MANDATORY
INDUSTRIAL
SCIENTIFIC
box reference
For 2 clippers
6797192
For 5 clippers
For 12 clippers
6797547
6797101
Other detectors with standardized current output
Any detector (with 2 wires or 3 wires) that can be supplied with power between 19 V DC and 32 V
DC and that supplies a standardized current (signal) of between 4 and 20 mA can be connected to
the MX48 unit.
The connection requirements are identical to those for the corresponding INDUSTRIAL
SCIENTIFIC detectors (see Fig. 22).
2.3.9.
Parking application
CTX300 "Co parking" toxic gas detectors can be fitted in parallel when a mean gas concentration is
to be obtained. The detectors must, imperatively, be located in the same area. In this case, a
maximum of five detectors can be connected (see Fig. 23).
12
2.4.
Connecting the unit to external devices
2.4.1. Slaving controls
The 8 measuring channels of the MX48 unit are each equipped with two relays which can be used
to control external devices: sirens, solenoid valves, extractors, telephone calls, etc..
For each measuring channel, the relays are distributed in the following manner (see Fig. 7):
-
a relay associated with the triggering of alarm 1 (fig 7),
a relay associated with the triggering of alarm 2 (fig 7),
use of open or closed contacts selected with a jumper (see Fig. 7 – item A),
use of positive or negative safety selected by programming (see the CHANNEL
programming menu),
contact outputs on the back of the measuring board (see Fig. 12).
An example of connection is given in Fig. 24:
- a siren connected to relay AL1 will be actuated as soon as alarm 1 is triggered,
- a solenoid valve connected to relay AL2 will be actuated as soon as alarm 2 is
triggered.
For all channels:
-
A common relay associated with the triggering of alarm 3 for the 8channels (fig 3).
By programming, this common relay can also be used for the remote transmission of the
audio warning signal. (This relay will then be associated with all the unit’s alarms).
-
A fault relay associated with the triggering of channel faults (detector failures, electrical
connections, excessively negative zero, etc.). This relay will always be in positive safety
mode (see Fig. 3).
-
The use of open or closed contacts is selected by programming on common board (see
Fig. 3).
-
Common relay contact outputs on the back of the power module: Fig. 8.
REMARK
Owing to the breaking capacity of the MX48 unit’s relays which is limited to 2 A / 250 V AC or 30
V DC, external intermediate relays must be used if the devices to be controlled require high power
levels.
The relay contacts are indicated : unit switched off
13
2.4.2. 4-20 mA current outputs (Fig. 12)
For each measuring channel, the MX48 unit is equipped with a 4-20 mA output that can be used to
retransmit measurements to a recorder or an external PLC. The maximum resistance in loop mode is
600 ohms. The earth connections for the 4-20 mA outputs are common and the unit. The 4-20 mA
lines are not galvanically insulated one from the other. The current output varies according to the
measurement and has several states, as follows:
-
On starting up the unit: I < 1 mA
With FAULT: I < 1 mA
In MAINTENANCE mode: I = 2 mA
ZERO MEASUREMENT: I = 4 mA
Full scale: I = 20 mA
Out of range or “in doubt”: I > 23.2 mA
2.4.3. RS 232 and RS 485 outputs
RS232 OUTPUT
A computer can be connected on a female sub.D/DB9 type connector located on the back of the
micro board (fig 4 repA). The MX48 programming, from outside, will be possible thanks to this
connection.
RS 232 OUTPUT USING
-
Remove the DB9 connector (plug with an internal strap)
Connect a link cable ref.6315831 which will link the monitor to the computer on the
MX48 available female connector DB9 (Fig 6)
MX48
Female DB9
PC COMPUTER
-
Male DB9
when the using is stopped : no connect the cable and put the male DB9 "plug" again.
14
RS 485 OUTPUT (PINABLE ON FIG 8)
Several MX48 units can be linked to a single computer, which is the "master" of the network. In
this case, a "SLAVE NUMBER" (by programming/unit) is asigned to each MX48 unit.
This RS 485 output can be galvanically insulated as an option.
1st case : no galvanic insulation
-
no mounted insulation component
2 polarization electrical resistances are welded and programmed with J103 and J104 pins
2nd case : with galvanic insulation
-
mounted and welded insulation component
no programmed polarization electrical resistance for "plus" (+ 5V) (J104 programming
pins)
a) with RS 485 shielded
-
no programmed polarization resistor for "moins" (GND) (J103 programming
pins)
b) without RS485 shielded
-
programmed polarization resistor for "moins" (GND) (J103 programming pins)
End loop resistor
It is located on the MX48 micro board and must be programmed with the last MX48 unit of the
loop (by pins) with a 120 Ohms value.
The MX stored data are some instantaneous values
The RS485 output is a half duplex type.
RS 485 OUTPUT USING
-
No change the sub D/DB9 "plug" connector (fig 4 – item A)
-
Connect the screwed connector terminals 3, 4 and 5, located on the power supply board
of the MX48 unit. See connection details fig 8.
-
Owing to mounted wires or not (following the mounting and the equipment linked or not
on the earth…).
15
IMPORTANT
All details regarding the RS 485 complete description (Modbus / Jbus format, structures,
adresses aso…) are developped in a CD-R ref CD00003 – Fixe.
CAUTION
A computer or a printer management interface must be used in order to printout the data stored by
the MX48 unit. See details and possibilities in a CD-R ref CD00003 – Fixe
2.4.4. Remote acknowledgement
It is possible to allow remote acknowledgement by connecting on terminals clear 1 and clear 2 (loop
= 16 mA), of the connector located on the power supply board : see fig 8.
Maximum load impedance : 1 K?
Remark : several MX48 units can be connected to the same remote acknowledgement system
provided that the polarities are respected.
Transformer terminal
Power supply
terminal
Clear and RS485
terminal terminal
16
3 . S T ART I NG UP
3.1. Checking the installation
It is checked that, at least, all connections have been made and that the complete installation
complies with current standards in force.
CAUTION
INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC is not responsible for the compliance of the complete
electrical safety system.
The MX48 unit is switched on by means of circuit breakers * provided for that purpose and which
ensure protection of the mains power unit.
* The circuit breakers are to be selected according to the power consumption levels specified by the
manufacturer and the length of the electric cables.
3.2. Switching on the unit
CAUTION
The handling operations and adjustments described in these paragraphs are strictly
reserved for authorized personnel as they are liable to affect detection safety.
To start up the MX48 unit, you must:
-
swivel the front panel,
press the ON/OFF button located to the bottom left-hand side of the FRONT
circuit: see Figures 3 (item A).
The display panel then shows, for example:
MX 48/52 V1.0
The unit then goes into INITIALIZATION mode for one minute. Consequently, all the alarms are
inhibited and the current outputs are 1 mA for the channels in service. The unit then performs a selftest * on its buzzer and all its night-emitting diodes. At the end of this one- minute period, the
channels in service return to normal operation and the corresponding alarms and relays are enabled.
17
* The user can carry out a “manual-self test” by pressing the test key at any time (see Fig. 26).
This self-test lasts 20 seconds and the display panel may show the following displays one after the
other, for example:
MX 48/52 V1.0
xx LEL CH4
Line corresponding to
the channel displayed
when the ENTER key
was pressed
then
*** SELF-TEST ***
xx LEL CH4
The user can interrupt the self- test cycle before it is completed by pressing
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT key of the front panel keypad.
the
3.3. Operating modes
3.3.1. Audio warning device (buzzer)
In normal operation, the audio warning device is triggered whenever a fault or an alarm appears.
The audio warning device can be stopped by pressing the ACKNOWLEDGEMENT key or by
remote acknowledgement. The buzzer makes a continuous or discontinuous sound (according to the
programming of the unit) if an alarm threshold is exceeded.
3.3.2. Light-emitting diodes (LED) (Fig. 1 and fig 4)
Each channel is equipped with five LEDs (visible and identified on the FRONT panel).
LED
Extinguished
GREEN
Channel not in
service
1st red
AL1 not triggered
2nd red
AL2 not triggered
3rd red
AL3 not triggered
Yellow
No fault
Illuminated
in steady mode
Channel in service
Threshold AL1 exceeded
(automatic clearing)
Flashing
Threshold AL1 exceeded
(manual clearing) and not
acknowledged
Threshold AL2 exceeded
(manual clearing) and not
acknowledged
Threshold AL2 exceeded
(automatic clearing)
Threshold AL3 exceeded by mean
or time (automatic clearing)
Fault on channel
-Channel being calibrated or
programmed
- Detector being calibrated
18
3.3.3. Alarm thresholds
Each of the three alarm thresholds can be programmed independently for each channel. (See the
“Channel programming” menu).
In normal operation, a gas alarm is only triggered after a preprogrammed time delay in order to
avoid spurious alarms.
Alarm thresholds can be processed in the following manners:
-
in normal cycle with manual clearing:,
in normal cycle with automatic clearing:,
in parking cycle:.
The alarm thresholds are to be selected according to the gases detected and the corresponding
standards in force.
Special case: A channel connected to a fire detector
-
It is MANDATORY to select the scale with 100 divisions.
It is MANDATORY to select the alarm threshold with 60 divisions.
(Owing to the end-of-loop resistor of 2.7 kΩ, the fire detector outputs 4 mA when no fire is detected
and 20 mA if a fire is detected).
3.3.4. Measuring unit
One minute after starting up, and if no test action is performed on the keypad, the unit successively
scans all the channels in service and displays the measured values.
Examples of display
Channel 1
x x LEL CH4
OR
Channel 2
x x x ppm CO
-
Each channel is interrogated for 10 seconds.
-
The user can interrogate a channel manually by selecting that channel with the + and keys to obtain a manual display for one minute.
-
The user can return to normal cyclic scanning during that one-minute period by
simultaneously pressing the + and - keys. The display panel then shows alternating
displays, three times in succession:
19
For example:
Channel 5
x x x ppm CO
then
normal scan
x x x ppm CO
4 . UT I L I Z A T I O N
4.1. List and functions of the various items of “USER” equipment for
programming and calibration of the unit
4.1.1. Keypads
The first is equipped with four touch keys accessible without opening and swivelling the MX48
unit’s FRONT panel, the second is equipped with the same keys accessible by opening and
swivelling the FRONT panel for maintenance (Fig 4 rep B).
NORMAL MODE
-
Manual display of previous channel
Combined with the “PLUS” key to restart the channels
automatic display cycle.
MAINTENANCE MODE
-
Manual display of previous channel
Decrease value, threshold, etc.
Display of previous choice (onáoff, etc.)
NO
20
NORMAL MODE
-
Manual display of next channel
Combined with the “MINUS” key to restart the
channels automatic display cycle.
MAINTENANCE MODE
-
Manual display of next menu
Increase value, threshold, etc
Display of next chooice (onáoff, etc)
YES
- “Audio and visual” or “audio” clearing of an alarm
- Exit from a current menu
- Start a self- test manually
- VALIDATE
4.1.2. Maintenance keys
PROGRAMMING key (Fig 4 item D): accessible after opening and swivelling the front panel.
-
Combined with the “-” key to go back in a menu.
To quit normal display mode and access the various menus (see block diagram of
the various menus).
To scroll through a menu.
CALIBRATION key (Fig 4 item C) : accessible after opening and swivelling the front panel.
-
To set a channel to CALIBRATION mode.
To quit that mode.
21
SCROLLING OF THE VARIOUS MENUS
NORMAL
DISPLAY
P
+
Programming
[Channel x x]
+
Programming
Simulation
-
+
Programming
Channel xx copy
REMINDER
Programming key
P
+
Keys used to move
22
-
+
Programming
Unit
-
Programming
Uploading
5.
Sc r a pp ing of m x 4 8
Concerning the conservation, of the protection and the improvement of the
quality of the environment, as well as for the protection of the health of the
persons and the careful and rational use of natural resources, MX48 has to be the
object of a selective collection for the electronic equipments and cannot be
scrapped with the normal domestic waste. The user thus has the obligation to
separate the MX48 of the other waste so as to guarantee that it is recycled in a
sure way at the environmental level. For more details of the existing sites of
collection, contact the local administration or the distributor of this product.
23
S p e c i a l S p e c if i c a t io n s f o r u s e in P o t e n t i a l l y
E x p l o s iv e A t m o s p h e r e s i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h E u r o p e a n
D i r e c t iv e A T E X 9 4 / 9 / E C .
6.
The MX48 detection device designed to measure explosive gasses and oxygen complies
with the requirements of European Directive ATEX 94/9/EC on potentially explosive atmospheres.
As a result of its metrological performance, as tested by the research and testing organisation
INERIS, the MX48 device, is classified as a safety device when used with INDUSTRIAL
SCIENTIFIC CEX300 and OLC/OLCT 20, 40, 50 and 60 series detectors. The device may
therefore contribute to limiting the risk of explosion as a consequence of the data it supplies to
external units.
The information contained in the following paragraphs should be adopted and complied with
by the person responsible for the site on which the equipment is installed. Please refer to the
provisions of European Directive ATEX 1999/92/EC on improving health and safety conditions for
workers exposed to potentially explosive atmospheres.
6.2. Specifications for mechanical and electrical installation in Classified
Areas.
Installation will comply with all applicable standards, and particularly with EN 60079-14,
EN 60079-17 and EN 50281-1-2.
The MX48 device must not be subject to intense mechanical vibration and must be installed
in a safe area away from potentially explosive atmospheres.
It is essential to refer to the user and installation manuals for the gas detectors referred to
above, particularly the paragraph entitled ‘Special Specifications for use in Potentially Explosive
Atmospheres in Accordance with European Directive ATEX 94/9/EC’
Where intrinsic safety installations are concerned, it should be borne in mind that the person
responsible for IS installation (the “System Designer”) must draw up a system document
demonstrating that every aspect of the Power Cable Detector system complies with intrinsic safety.
Please refer to EN 50039 for group II and EN 50394-1 for group I when drafting this document.
6.3. Metrological Specifications
The device complies with the following European standards:
With explosive gas detectors :
-
European standards EN 50054 and EN 50057 for Methane (calibration gas), Propane and
Hydrogen (gasses following response curves) where the device is used with CEX300 and
OLC/OLCT 20, 40, 50 and 60 series gas detectors. Where the device is used with other
types of sensor producing an output measurement current of 4/20 mA, these must
comply with paragraph 1.5 of Appendix II of the ATEX 94/9/EC Directive and be
compatible with their characteristics (cf. device transfer cur ve).
24
-
European Standard EN 50271
25
Oxygen detectors :
-
European Standard EN 50104 where the device is used with OLCT 20, 40, 50 and 60 gas
detectors. Where the device is used with other types of sensor producing an output
measurement current of 4/20 mA, they must comply with paragraph 1.5 of Appendix II
of the ATEX 94/9/EC Directive and be compatible with their characteristics (cf. device
transfer curve).
-
European Standard EN 50271
6.4. Connecting detectors other than INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC
detectors to the MX48 device
As previously explained, users wishing to connect detectors other than those manufactured by
INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC, must ensure their compatibility with the device in order that the
resulting combination may be considered as a safety device.
6.4.1. Device transfer curves in 0% to 100% LEL configuration
The following curve shows the response of the device in terms of value measured, and fault
processing as a function of the input current value supplied by the detector. Where the user connects
a brand of detector other than INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC to the MX48 device, he must check
carefully that the transfer curve is fully compatible with the device input characteristics, to ensure
that the data generated by the detector is correctly interpreted. Equally, the device must supply a
suitable power supply voltage, allowing for cable voltage losses.
Display
in % LEL
SUP
Fault
100% LEL
0% LEL
-17.5% LEL
Fault
1.2 4
mA mA
20
mA
Signal supplied by
the detector in mA
Please note: When the value measured is >= 100% LEL, the measuring device memorises the fact
that the value has exceeded the scale and the channels switch to alarm and fault mode. Resetting
these statuses is a manual operation to be performed by the user, who must follow the safety
regulations specific to the site. The reset is checked either by turning the device on and off or by a
maintenance inspection.
26
6.4.2. Device transfer curves in 0% to 30.0% OXYGEN configuration
The following curve shows the response of the device in terms of value measured, and fault
processing as a function of the input current value supplied by the detector. Where the user connects
a brand of detector other than INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC to the xxxx device, he must check
carefully that the transfer curve is fully compatible with the device input characteristics, to ensure
that the data generated by the detector is correctly interpreted. Equally, the device must supply a
suitable power supply voltage, allowing for cable voltage losses.
Display in %
O2 by volume
Fault
36.0%
30.0%
0.0
%
-5.3%
Fault
1.2 4
mA mA
20 23.2
mA mA
Signal supplied by
the detector in mA
6.4.3. Power supply and load resistance characteristics
Maximum current available between terminals 2 and 3: 350 mA at 21 V.
Maximum no-load voltage between terminals 2 and 3: 30 V
Load resistance (outside the IS barrier) between terminals 1 and 2: 47 ohms
N.B.: This data applies only where detectors other than INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC are used.
Where different types are mixed, please contact INDUSTRIAL SCIENTIFIC to establish the
feasibility of the combination.
6.5. MARKING
OLDHAM Arras
0080
II 2 (G)
INERIS 04ATEX0064
27
28
7.
VI EW S S PE C I F I ED I N T HE M A NUA L
29
500
80.5
320
7
89
27.5
445
27.5
6.5
10
102.5
10
387.5
12.5
MX48 DIMENSIONAL PLAN
5
PLAN ENCOMBREMENT MX48
Figure N¦1
FIGURE 1
223.5
30
¼
2 vÚrrouillages
turn latches –1/4
2 off
de tour
Coffret
MX48
MX48
box
(voir fig N¦1)
(see Fig. N°1)
Stay
for holding up the
Compas pour retenir
cover
le couvercle en
position haute
Transformateur
Transformer
Clavier dÚportÚ
Offset keypad
Display card
N°4)
Carte afficheur
(voir fig(see
N¦4)Fig.
Carte alimentation
Power
supply card
(voir fig N¦3)
(see Fig. N°3)
DeuxiÞme
carte
Second
measurement
voie de mesure
channel
card
(voir fig N¦7)
(see Fig. N°7)
First measurement
card
(see
Fig. N°7)
(voir fig
N¦7)
PremiÞre carte
channel
voie de mesure
OVERALL VIEW OF THE MX48
(casing open)
Figure N¦2
VUE D'ENSEMBLE DU MX48
(carter ouvert)
15 presses-Útoupes PG9
15 PG9 cable glands
FIGURE 2
31
Connector for
Connecteur
pour
circuit
afficheur
display
circuit
General
switch
Interrupteur
général
(repère A) A)
(reference
Transformer
terminal
Bornier
pour transformateur
Mains
filter
Filtre secteur
Alarm relay
Relais alarme
Fault relay
Relais défaut
Mains
Fusiblesfuses
secteurs
Bornier
Clearacquit
and RS485
et RS485
terminal
Power
terminal
Bornier supply
alimentation
Fusibles
24V
24 V fuses
Rep B
Ref.
MX 48 POWER
SUPPLY CARD
CARTE
ALIMENTATION
MX48
(main
components)
(principaux composants)
Figure N°3
32
Interrupteur deBuzzer
m ise enswitch
fonction du buzzer
Connector
for ligne
line card
Connecteur
pour carte
Card
connector
Connecteur
pour carte
Buzzer
Power
supply
Connecteur
pour
carte alimentation
card
connector
O N /OFF
AL1
AL2
AL3
-
+ acquit enter
DEF
9-pin
femalesubD
(RS232)
Connecteur
9 points
fem elle
(RS232)
sub
D connector
(repÞre A) A)
(reference
Fluorescent
display
Afficheur
fluorescent
Calibration
key (ref.
C)C)
Touche calibrage
(rep
Touche
programkey
m a tion
Programming
(ref.(rep
D) D )
Clavier
pour la for
Keypad
m
aintenance (rep
Maintenance
(ref.B)
B)
MX 48 FRONT
LINKAGE
CARD
CARTE LI
AISON AVANT
MX48
(afficheur,m
icro,
clavier)
(display,
micro,
keypad)
Figure N¦4
FIGURE n° 4
33
Connector for display card
Support
forplots
programming the
Support de
de programmation
measurement
channels
1
Une
measurevoie
de ment
mesure
Programming
(programmÚ
following
suivantle
capteurused
thetype
type de
of detector
channel
utilisÚ)
Zero detector adjustment
RÚglage zÚro capteur
detector
RÚglage
sensibsensivity
ilitÚ
adjustment
capteur
Ifilament
4 mA
20 mA
FUNCTIONS
OF THE VARIOUS POTENTIOMETERS
FONCTIO N D E S D IFFERENTS POTENTIO M E T R E S
On theSUR
MX UNE
48 measurement
card
VOIE DE MESURE channels
MX48
Figure
N¦5
FIGURE 5
34
Connector
Connecteur
pourfor display
card
carte afficheur
Voie 1
Voie 2
Voie 3
Voie 4
Support
programming
Support
de for
programmation
thevoies
measurement
des
de mesures channels
Potentiometer for
PotentiomÌtres
adjustments
de r+glages
Fuses
Capteur
125 mA fuse
Fusibles
Fuses
125 mA
R2 R1
630 mALigne
fuse
630 mA
Voie 1
Measurement
Borniers
de voieterminals
Channel
de mesure
R2 R1
R2 R1
Voie 2
Measurement
channel
Relais
d'alarme
alarm
de
voie de mesure
relay
Voie 3
R2 R1
Voie 4
Rep
Ref.
A A
MX 48 MEASUREMENT CHANNELS CARD
CARTE VOIES DE MESURE MX48
(main
components)
(principaux
composants)
Figure N¦7
FIGURE N° 7
35
Clear
1 (-)
Acquit
1
Clear
2 (+)
Acquit
2
GND
GND
485-A
485-A (+)
485-B
485-B (-)
--24v
24 v
Secteur
Mains
++24v
24 v
Mains
Secteur
NCNC
DEF
DEF
DEF
DEF
AL3
AL3
AL3
AL3
RACCORDEMENTS ELECTRIQUES SURCONNECTIONS
LA
ELECTRICAL
TO THE
CARTE ALIMENTATION MX48
MX48 Figure
POWER
SUPPLY
CARD
N¦8
FIGURE N° 8
36
« Capteurs
Pont » explosimetric
detectors
explosimétriques "PONT"
Example 1
Exemple 1
1 2 3
12 3
3-wire 420mA
mA
Capteurs
4.20
- 3detectors
fils
Exemple
2
Example
2
MX48
MEASUREMENT CHANNELS CARD
CARTE VOIE DE MESURE
EXAMPLE
CONNECTION
MX48
Exemples deOF
connexions
de capteursOF EXPLOSIMETRIC DETECTORS
et de capteurs 4.20
mA 3-WIRE
Ó3
AND
4-20 mA DETECTORS
explosimÚtriques
fils
Figure N°10
FIGURE N° 10
37
EXAMPLES OF CONNECTION OF 2 WIRE 4-20 mA DETECTORS AND FIRE
DETECTORS ON THE MX48
MEASUREMENT CHANNELS CARD
EXEMPLES DE CONNEXION DE CAPTEUR INCENDIE
ET DE CAPTEUR 4.20 mA A 2 FILS
SUR LA CARTE VOIE DE MESURE MX48
Figure N¦11
FIGURE
N°11
Note : The 2.7 k? resistor (on the last
detector = 3 maximum
Note: La rÚsistance de 2.7 K
O is to be placed at the end of
line
est Ó mettre en bout de ligne
(sur le dernier capteur = 3 au maximum)
11
3
3
1
1
3
3
Detector
1
Capteur 1
Detector
Capteur 2
2
22
22
77
17
44
R=2x3.9K
R=2x3.9 K
44
ATTENTION
configuration ofdethelameasurement
channel
ATTENTION a tolatheconfiguration
voie de mesure
VV-
2-wire 4-20 mA
Example 2
Capteurs 4.20 mA 2 fils
V+
V+
Exemple 2
38
O
en in /
/
Capteurs incendie
Fire
detectors (Ionic
(Ionique ou Optique)
or optical)
Exemple 1
Example1
1: signal
signal
2: minus
moins
3: plus
plus
4: +
5: 6:
7:
8:
9:
1
9
2
8
3
7
6
4
Capteur
detector
SortiemA
4.20current
mA
4-20
output
Contact
Contact RELREL
AL1 AL1
Contact
Contact REL
REL
AL2 AL2
CONNEXIONS SUR LE BORNIER
DETAILSDETAIL
OFDES
CONNECTIONS
OF A TERMINAL BLOCK TO THE
D'UNE VOIE DE MESURE DE MX48
MX48 MEASUREMENT CHANNELS
Figure N¦12
5
FIGURE 12
39
Detector
Bornier terminal
de
Capteur
: Type
block
: Type
A A
1
2
terminal block
Bornier de MX48
voie de
mesure MX48
(See figure 12)
(voir fig 12)
4
1
5
R
1
6.8K
R
2
R
2
1.8K
3
6
7
Cable 3xnCable
BlindÚ
3xn shielded
6 max
Maxi
en boucle
6?
in loop
entre 2 et 3 MX48
between
2 and 3 MX48 units
CONNECTION OF A FLAME DETECTOR
B R A NWITH
C H E M TERMINAL
E N T D 'UN CAPTEUR
FLAMME
EQUIPPED
BLOCK OF
TYPEEQUI
A PE
D 'U N B O R N IER TYPE A SUR LE MX48
Figure N¦13
FIGURE 13
40
Detector
Bornierterminal
de
Capteur
: Type
block
: Type
B B
2
5
Bornier de
voie de
MX48
terminal block
mesure du MX48
(See figure 12)
(voir fig 12)
7
1
1.8K
R
R
2
9
2
10
3
Cable3xn
3xnshielded
BlindÚ
Cable
6?6 max Maxi
in loop
en boucle
entre 22et
3 MX48
between
and
3 MX48 units
CONNECTION OF A FLAME DETECTOR
BRANCHEMENT
D'UN CAPTEUR
FLAMME
EQUIPEB
EQUIPPED
WITH TERMINAL
BLOCK
OF TYPE
D 'U N B O R N IER TYPE B SUR LE MX48
Figure N¦14
FIGURE 14
41
R
1
6.8K
Detector terminal
block : Type C
1
2
MX48 terminal block
(See figure 12)
4
1
5
R
2
R
2
1.8K
3
6
R 6.8K
1
7
Cable 3xn shielded
8
6? max in loop
between 2 and 3 MX48 units
CONNECTION OF A FLAME DETECTOR
EQUIPPED WITH TERMINAL BLOCK OF TYPE C
FIGURE 15
42
Detector
terminal
block:
Bornier
de capteur:
Typetype
A or A
Cou C
1
terminal
block
BornierMX48
de voie
de
mesure(See
du MX48
figure 12)
(voir fig 12)
2
1
H
A
11
2
G
B
12
R
3
Isolationisolator
Galvanique
Galvanic
Cable
3xnshielded
blindÚ
Cable
3xn
6?6 max inMaxi
loopen boucle
entre
2 et33MX48
MX48 units
between
2 and
Remarque
relais du
capteur
utilisable
Remark
: TheLedetector
relay
can reste
be used
in local mode.
galvanique
est situÚe
proximitÚ
TheL'isolation
galvanic isolator
is located
in theÓ immediate
de la centrale
vicinity of the MX48 unit.
EXEMPLE D'UTILISATION DU SIGNAL 4-20 mA FOURNI PAR UN CAPTEUR
FLAMME (UV/IR ou IR3) EQUIPE D'UN BORNIER DE TYPE A ou C
EXAMPLE OF UTILIZATION OF THE
4-20 mA SIGNAL SUPPLIED BY A FLAME
Figure N¦16
DETECTOR (UV/IR OR IR3) EQUIPPED WITH TERMINAL BLOCK TYPE A OR C
FIGURE 16
43
Detector
Capteur
terminal block:
Type BBornier Type: B
2
Alimentation
DC
Auxiliary DC
auxilpower
iaire supply
5
+
1
-
2
MX48Bornier
terminaldeblock
voie de
mesure
(see figure
12) du MX48
(voir fig 12)
Capteur
Detector
terminal block:
Type: A
TypeBornier
A
4
1
5
7
R
2
1.8K
3
R
2
6
R
1
1.8K
7
9
R 6.8K
1
10
Remark
:
Star-connected
powerencircuit
Remarque:
Circuit alimentation
Útoile
Signal
circuiten
in sÚrie
series(boucle)
(loop)
Circuit
signaux
R1:R1
uniquement
sur
le dernier
: only on the last
detector capteur
(3 maxi) (5 au maximum)
EXAMPLE OF UTILIZATION
FLAME DETECTORS
EQUIPPED WITH EITHER
EXEMPLE OF
D'UTILISATION
DE CAPTEURS
CONNECTOREAQ UOR
B AND
SUPPLIED WITH
AUXILIARY DC
IPES
INDIFEREMMENT
DE CONNECTEUR
A OUPOWER
ET ALIMENTATES PAR UNE ALIMENTATION DC
Figure N¦17
FIGURE
17
44
Local box including power unit
Boitier
local comprenant
alimentation
+ transfer
terminal
block (outside
classified
+ bornier report (Hors zone classÚe)
areas)
Bornierterminal block:
Detector
du capteur
Type: A
Type
A
+
1
ALIM
Bornier
de voie
MX48
terminal
blode
ck
mesure
(see
figuredu
12)MX48
(voir fig 12)
Galvanic
isolator
Isolation
Galvanique
-
2
1
H
A
11
2
G
B
12
Cable
blindÚ
Cable
2xn2xm
shielded
250
en boucle
250?
maxMaxi
in loop
entre
1
et
2
between 1 and MX..
2 MX48
Cable
2xn blindÚ
Cable 2xn
shielded
17
Maxi en boucle
17? max
between
entre
1 etin2 loop
capteurs
1 and 2 detector
TYPICAL INSTALLATION BLOCK DIAGRAM TO BE MULTIPLIED BY NUMBER OF AREAS IN INSTALLATION
SYNOPTIQUE TYPE D'INSTALLATION A MULTIPLIER PAR NOMBRE DE ZONES DANS INSTALLATION
VoieMX..
MX..
Channel
Channel
Voie MX..
MX..
Voie MX..
MX..
Channel
4xn 2
I.G
Xx2xm
2
I.G
4xn 2
CAPTEUR
DETECTOR
CAPTEUR
DETECTOR
4xn 2
I.G
CAPTEUR
DETECTOR
BOITIER
Local
box withLOCAL
PWR
ALIM transfer
unitAVEC
and
signal
ET
BORNIER
terminal
block
REPORT SIGNAL
- capteur
a single
detector
MX48MX48
measuring channel
- 1 seul
par
voie deper
mesure
- Le relais
du
thecapteur
detector
reste
relyutilisable
can be used
localement
in local mode.
- L'isolation
galvanique
est situÚe
Ó proximitÚ
la centrale
The
galvanic isolator
is located
in theimmÚdiate
immediatedevicinity
of the MX48
MX48 unit.
EXAMPLE OF UTILIZATION
AN INTERCONNECTION
BOX
EXEMPLEOF
D'UTILISATIO
N
ANDBAO ITIER
GALVANIC
ISOLATORO N
D'INTERCONNEXI
U N E ISOLATION
Figure N¦18
FIGURE
18
45
Ventostat VT
Bornier
du
terminal
block
Ventostat
MX48
terminal
block
Bornier
de voie
de
du MX48
(seemesure
figure 12)
(voir fig 12)
+DC
0V
1
Signal: 4-20mA
2
3
Buttons
Boutons
Please
do not touch
Ne pas toucher
SVP
CONNECTION OF A CO2 DETECTOR
BRANCHEMENT
UNTYPE
CAPTEUR
OF
VENTOSTAT D'
VT
TYPE VENTOSTAT VT SUR LE
Figure N¦20
FIGURE 20
46
autres
capteurs
Other
detector
autres
capteurs
Other
detector
1
4
3
1
3
2
3
5
1
7
2
3
V+
3
V1
1
8
6
4
Bornier
Terminal
block
SiBarriÞre
barrier (clipper)
de Si (Úcretteur)
Type
MTL787S+
Type
MTL787S+
(clipper)
BarriÞre deSi
Sibarrier
(Úcretteur)
Type Z787/EX
Type Z787/EX
Detector CTX/COX100
Capteur
CTX/COX 100
V+
3
V1
Terminal
Bornier
block
DetectorCapteur
CTX/COX100
CTX/COX 100
AtmosphÞre
explosible
Explosive
atmosphere
E X EEXAMPLES
M P L E S D EOF
R ACONNECTION
C C O R D E M E N TOF
S DE
AVEC
DETECTORS
DES BARRI
WITH
ERESSiDE
BARRIERS
Figure N¦21
FIGURE 21
47
AtmosphÞre
explosible
Explosive
atmosphere
123
1
S
Terminal
Bornier
block
3
S
Terminal
Bornier
block
+
+
2-wire
Capteurs
4- 204.20
mA detectors
mA 2 filsother
autres
than
qu'OLDHAM
ISCOLDHAM models
Capteurs
mA 3 filsother
autres
qu'OLDHAM
3-wire
4- 204.20
mA detectors
than
ISCOLDHAM models
4-20 mA DETECTORS
OTHER THAN
ISC-OLDHAM
CAPTEURS
4.20 mA AUTRES
QU'OLDHAM
MODELS
(Power-supplied by MX48 unit)
(alimentés par la centrale MX48)
FIGURE 22
Figure
N°22
48
1 3
VV+
VV+
Capteur TOX 1
Detector TOX 1
VV+
VV+
Capteur TOX 2
Detector TOX 2
EXAMPLE OF “PARALLEL” WIRING OF 2 DETECTORS OF
EXEMPLE DE CABLAGE
EN "PARALLELE"
CTX50 (5 maximum)
DE 2 CAPTEURS CTX50 (5 Maximum)
FIGURE
23
Figure
N°23
49
230 VAC
SirÞne
Siren
E lectrovanne
Solenoid valve
EXAMPLE
OF CONNECTION
OF EXTERNAL DEVICES TO
THE ALARM 1 AN
2 RELAY CONTACTS
A MX48
EXEMPLE
DE RACCORDEMENT
D'ORGANES
EXTERNES
SUR OF
LES
MEASURING CHANNEL
CONTACTS DE RELAIS ALARMES 1 et 2 D'UNE VOIE DE MESURE DE MX48
FIGURE 24
Figure
N°24
50
51
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