8003 Data Sheet
Technical Datasheet
Scalar Network Analyzer
Model 8003 - 10 MHz to 40 GHz
The Giga-tronics Model 8003 Precision Scalar Network Analyzer combines a 90 dB wide
dynamic range with the accuracy and linearity of a power meter in a signal instrument.
35142Rev.A / US032012
8003 Precision Scalar Network Analyzer
Wide Dynamic Range
Absolute Power Measurements
The Model 8003 Precision Scalar Network Analyzer can make
accurate, single sensor power measurements over a frequency
range of 10 MHz to 40 GHz with a dynamic range of –70 to +20
dBm.
The same built-in calibrator that linearizes the sensor provides a
1 mW signal accurate to within ±0.7%, stable over temperature
and time, and traceable to NIST. Each Giga tronics power sensor
contains an EEPROM programmed with the frequency calibration
factors measured at the factory, or in your Cal Lab. When you
key in the frequency at which power is being measured, the
meter automatically applies the correct calibration factor from
the sensor EEPROM.
This wide dynamic range results from our unique use of switched
linear gain stages, with a maximum gain of more than 100 dB,
rather than the log amplifiers typically used in other scalar
analyzers. In addition to wide dynamic range, our approach also
delivers extremely accurate low level measurements all the way
down to –70 dBm.
Power Meter Linearity
The Model 8003 also incorporates a unique, built-in power
sweep calibrator that linearizes the sensor’s diode response in
the non-square-law region, from –30 to +20 dBm. The calibration
system uses the inherent linearity and stability of an ovenized
thermistor to accurately calibrate the high-speed diode sensors
from 0°C to 50°C. The result is a linearity specification of ± 0.02
dB (0.5%) over any 20 dB span and ± 0.04 dB (1%) over the
entire 90 dB dynamic range to ensure accurate ratio or relative
measurements.
The combination of an accurate, traceable calibration reference
and an accurate frequency response curve for each power
sensor ensures absolute power measurements with power
meter accuracy.
Power Sensors to meet your Application
Giga-tronics offers an extensive line of power sensors for
the Model 8003 to address a variety of power measurement
The 80340 Series triggerable pulse sensors let you display
the response from a pulsed source.
applications. This includes standard CW power sensors, low
VSWR CW power sensors, true RMS sensors, and our unique
triggerable pulse sensors.
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
The Model 8003 incorporates a unique, built-in power sweep
calibrator.
1
The 80340 Series triggerable pulse sensors let you display
the response from a pulsed source. You can choose between
two modes of operation - measure with either a pulsed fixed
frequency (CW mode), or with a pulsed swept frequency (start/
stop mode) signal from a sweeper (swept signal generator). The
sensors can also be used to display the response of devices with
no pulse modulation on the signal generator.
8003 Technical Specifications
System Specifications
Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 40 GHz in coax using the Gigatronics 80300 Series power sensors and 80500 Series bridges.
Readout Modes:
dBm: single channel power measurement.
dB: relative power measurement
Lin: nW, μW, mW and Watts: signal channel measurement.
%: dual channel measurement.
% Rel: dual channel measurement relative to a reference.
Power Range: +30 to -70 dBm, see power sensor specifications.
Channel Offset: -90 dB to +90 dB in .01 dB increments.
System Dynamic Range:
CW Measurements: 90 dB
Peak Measurements: 40 dB
Swept Measurements: AC Mode 90 dB, DC Mode 80 dB
Autoscale: Automatically sets the scale factor, reference level
and reference position to provide optimum display of active
channel.
Inputs: Three identical inputs, A, B and C, accept detected
outputs from the Giga-tronics power sensors and bridges.
Display
Screen: Full color display. Each channel can be assigned a
different color. Graticule color is selectable (default green).
Menus for soft keys use color.
Display resolution: 608 X 430 points.
Channels: Four channels can be used to select and
simultaneously display inputs from A, B and C sensors in single
channel or ratio mode.
Display Modes
Graph/Readout: Graph mode displays swept frequency response
on screen. Readout mode displays power level at cursor
frequency or CW power levels in digital format on screen.
Graph Modes:
dBm: single channel power measurement.
dB: relative power measurement (ratio or relative to trace
memory).
Display Mode
Display Scale
Resolution
Display Range
Vertical
Resolution
dBm/dB
0.1 dB/div to 20
dB/div (1, 2, 5
sequence)
-99.99 to +99.99
0.01
Averaging: 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, or 256 successive traces
(swept) or readings (CW) can be averaged to reduce effects of
noise on measurement.
Smoothing: Provides a linear moving average of adjacent data
points. The smoothing aperture defines the trace width (number
of data points) to be averaged. The smoothing aperture can be
set from 0.1% to 20% of the trace width.
Trace Memory: Ten traces can be individually labeled and stored
in non-volatile memory and recalled. Stored traces can be
displayed, and trace differences from any measurement can be
displayed.
Adaptive Path Calibration (Normalization): Traces are stored in
non-volatile memory and normalized with the highest resolution,
independent of display scale/division or offset. Up to 4,096
points for each trace are stored over the full frequency range of
the sweeper or any user selected frequency range. Normalization
data is automatically interpolated for ranges within the original
normalized range.
Settings Store/Recall: Allows up to nine front panel setups, plus
a power down last instrument state, to be stored and recalled
from non-volatile memory.
Limit Lines: Horizontal, sloped, and/or single point lines for each
trace can be set as go/no-go data limits. Limit lines are stored in
non-volatile memory. Complex limit lines can be entered through
the front panel or via GPIB interface.
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
Specifications describe the instrument’s warranted performance,
and apply when using 80300A Series Power Sensors and 80500A
Series Bridges.
2
8003 Precision Scalar Network Analyzer
Cursors and Markers
Cursor: The cursor can be positioned with the tuning knob or via the numeric keypad. The frequency and amplitude test data at the
cursor on all active channels is digitally displayed.
Cursor Delta: Displays differences in dB and frequency between the reference cursor and the main cursor.
Cursor Min/Max: Automatically moves the cursor to the minimum or maximum value of test data.
Cursor “x” dB: Automatically moves the cursor to the point on the trace equal to the value of “x” in dB or dBm.
Cursor “x” Bandwidth: Automatically displays cursors right and left of the cursor at the frequencies where the test data is equal to
the value of “x” dB, and displays the bandwidth between the cursors.
Ref to Cursor: Automatically changes the Ref Level to the level at the cursor.
Markers: Displays up to 10 markers generated by the 8003. The cursor can be moved directly to any marker or moved sequentially
through the markers.
Accuracy
Transmission Loss or Gain Measurement: Transmission loss or gain measurements are made relative to a 0 dB reference point
established during calibration. Therefore, frequency response errors of the source, sensors, and signal splitting device are removed.
The remaining elements of uncertainty are mismatch error, instrument linearity (Fig. 1) and noise uncertainty given in the absolute
power accuracy section.
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
Transmission Accuracy = Instrument Accuracy + Mismatch Uncertainty
3
8003 Technical Specifications
Reflection Measurements: When measuring devices with high return loss (>10 dB), reflection accuracy is typically dominated by the
effective system directivity (Fig. 2), instrument linearity errors, and noise uncertainty. With low return loss devices (<10 dB), reflection
accuracy is typically dominated by source match (Fig. 3). Calibration with an open and short effectively removes uncertainties due to
frequency response of the source, sensors, and signal splitting device.
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
Reflection Accuracy = Instrument Accuracy + Reflection Bridge Accuracy
4
8003 Precision Scalar Network Analyzer
Absolute Power Measurement Accuracy: The absolute power
measurement accuracy is determined by a number of factors
including calibrator accuracy, noise, sensor calibration factor
error, and the mismatch uncertainty between sensor and device
under test.
Calibrator: Provides a 50 MHz calibration signal at 51 very
accurately controlled levels from +20 to -30 dBm to dynamically
linearize the sensors.
Calibrator Frequency: 50 MHz nominal
Zero set: ±50 pW
Zero drift: < ±200 pW (typical) in 1 hour at constant
temperature after at 24 hour warm-up.
Zeroing Accuracy, (Swept Mode, Averaging Factor = 32):
Zero set: ±50 pW (AC Detection), ±800 pW (DC Detection)
Settability: The 1.00 mW level in the power sweep is factory set
to ±0.7% traceable to the National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST).
Zero drift: 2 nW (DC detection), typical, in 1 hour at constant
temperature after 24 hour warm-up. Zero drift not applicable
in AC detection.
Accuracy: ±1.2% worst case for one year, over temperature
range 15°C to 35°C.
Noise Uncertainty: < 50 pW, typical, at constant temperature,
measured over a 1 minute interval, two standard deviations.
Calibrator VSWR: < 1.05:1 (Return Loss > 33 dB)
Cal Factor Correction: Manual or automatic correction to power
readings to compensate for frequency response variations of the
power sensors and bridges.
Standard Sensors, CW Mode:
±0.02 dB (±0.5%) over any 20 dB range from +16 to -70 dBm
±0.02 dB + (+0 dB, -0.05 dB/dB) from +16 to +20 dBm
±0.04 dB (±1.0%) from +16 to -70 dBm
Standard Sensors, Swept Mode:
±0.03 dB (±0.7%) over any 20 dB range from +16 to -70 dBm
±0.03 dB + (+0 dB, -0.05 dB/dB) from +16 to +20 dBm
±0.06 dB (±1.4%) from +16 to -70 dBm
Low VSWR Sensors:
-64 to +20 dBm: Same as for Standard Sensors.
+20 to +30 dBm: Same as for Standard Sensors, plus an
additional ±0.13 dB (typical).
High Power Sensors:
-60 to +20 dBm: Same as for Standard Sensors.
+20 to +30 dBm: Same as for Standard Sensors, plus an
additional ±0.13 dB (typical).
True RMS Sensors, CW Mode:
±0.02 dB (±0.5%) over any 20 dB range from +20 to -30 dBm
±0.04 dB (±1.0%) from +20 to -30 dBm
True RMS Sensors, Swept Mode:
±0.03 dB (±0.7%) over any 20 dB range from +20 to -30 dBm
±0.06 dB (±1.4%) from +20 to -30 dBm
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
Zeroing Accuracy, (CW Mode, Averaging Factor = 32):
Calibrator Connector: Type-N (f) precision connector, 50 Ω.
Instrument plus Power Sensor Linearity:
5
Temperature Coefficient of Linearity: < 0.3%/°C temperature
change after calibration
Manual: Cal Factor, Cal Frequency, Off
Automatic: Sweeper
General Specifications
Temperature Range: Operating: 0°C to 50°C, Storage: -40°C to
70°C
Power Requirements: 100/120/220/240 V ±10%, 48 to 440 Hz,
200 VA
Physical Characteristics: Dimensions: 45.1 cm (17.76 in) wide,
17.8 cm (7.00 in) high, 48.3 cm (19.00 in) deep. Weight: 16.6 Kg
(36.5 lbs)
8003 Technical Specifications
Rear Panel Inputs and Outputs
Sweep In (Sweep Voltage Requirements): (BNC connector). 0 to
+10 V nominal.
Blanking Input: (BNC connector) Used to blank the sweep
oscillator (swept signal generator) band switching points on the
8003 display. Voltage level: Blanked > 2 V; Un-blanked < 0.8 V
(typical)
Input 1: (BNC connector) TTL levels, used with some sweepers
(swept signal generator) to provide synchronization.
Directional Bridges
The 80500 Series of Directional Bridges are designed specifically
for use with the 8003 to measure the return loss of a test device.
The bridges can be used in AC or DC detection mode. Each
bridge includes an EEPROM which has been programmed with
identification data for that bridge.
Bridge Frequency Response: Calibrated return loss
measurements using the 8003 can be frequency compensated
using the standard “Open/Short” supplied with the bridge.
AC Modulation Output: (BNC connector) Provides drive to
modulation input on sweeper (swept signal generator) or
external modulator for use in AC detection mode.
Insertion Loss: 6.5 dB nominal from input port to test port.
Bias Output: (BNC connector). Programmable output voltage
used to display family of curves.
Voltage range: +/-10 V.
Maximum Input Power: +27 dBm (0.5 W)
Current compliance: Source or sink 150 mA max.
Detector Polarity: Negative
Directional Bridge Accessories: Open/Short is included
for establishing the 0 dB return loss reference during path
calibration.
System GPIB: (GPIB connector) Used to connect 8003 to GPIB
system controller.
Private GPIB: (GPIB connector) Used to connect 8003 to
dedicated signal generator, plotter or printer.
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
RS232 Port: Serial Communications Interface for driving legacy
serial printers and plotters.
6
8003 Technical Specifications
Giga-tronics CW Power Sensor Selection Guide
Frequency Range /
Power Rangee
Maximum Power
Power Linearity 1
(Frequency > 8 GHz)
RF
Connector
Length
Diameter
Weight
VSWR
200 mW CW Power Sensors
80301A
10 MHz to 18 GHz
-70 to +20 dBm
+23 dBm (200 mW)
-70 to -20 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-20 to +20 dBm: ±0.05 dB/10 dB
Type N(m)
50 Ω
114.5 mm
(4.5 in)
32 mm
(1.25 in)
0.18 kg
(0.4 lb)
80302A
10 MHz to 18 GHz
-70 to +20 dBm
+23 dBm (200 mW)
-70 to -20 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-20 to +20 dBm: ±0.05 dB/10 dB
APC-7
50 Ω
114.5 mm
(4.5 in)
32 mm
(1.25 in)
0.18 kg
(0.4 lb)
80303A
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
-70 to +20 dBm
+23 dBm (200 mW)
-70 to -20 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-20 to +20 dBm: ±0.1 dB/10 dB
Type K(m) 2
50 Ω
114.5 mm
(4.5 in)
32 mm
(1.25 in)
0.18 kg
(0.4 lb)
80304A
10 MHz to 40 GHz
-70 to 0 dBm
+23 dBm (200 mW)
-70 to -20 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-20 to 0 dBm: ±0.2 dB/10 dB
Type K(m) 2
50 Ω
114.5 mm
(4.5 in)
32 mm
(1.25 in)
0.18 kg
(0.4 lb)
+29 dBm (800 mW)
-64 to -14 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-14 to +26 dBm: ±0.05 dB/10 dB
Type K(m) 2
50 Ω
127 mm
(5.0 in)
32 mm
(1.25 in)
0.23 kg
(0.5 lb)
Type K(m) 2
50 Ω
127 mm
(5.0 in)
32 mm
(1.25 in)
0.23 kg
(0.5 lb)
1.12 : 0.01 - 2 GHz
1.22 : 2 - 12.4 GHz
1.29 : 12.4 - 18 GHz
1.12 : 0.01 - 2 GHz
1.22 : 2 - 12.4 GHz
1.38 : 12.4 - 18 GHz
1.43 : 18 - 26.5 GHz
1.92 : 26.5 - 40 GHz
Low VSWR CW Power Sensors
80310A
10 MHz to 18 GHz
-64 to +26 dBm
80313A
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
-64 to +26 dBm
+29 dBm (800 mW)
-64 to -14 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-14 to +26 dBm: ±0.1 dB/10 dB
80314A
10 MHz to 40 GHz
-64 to +6 dBm
+29 dBm (800 mW)
-64 to -14 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-14 to +6 dBm: ±0.2 dB/10 dB
+30 dBm (1 W)
-60 to -10 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-10 to +30 dBm: ±0.05 dB/10 dB
1.13 : 0.01 - 2 GHz
1.16 : 2 - 12 GHz
1.23 : 12 - 18 GHz
1.29 : 18 - 26.5 GHz
1.50 : 26.5 - 40 GHz
1 W CW Power Sensors
80320A
10 MHz to 18 GHz
-60 to +30 dBm
80323A
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
-60 to +30 dBm
+30 dBm (1 W)
-60 to -10 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-10 to +30 dBm: ±0.1 dB/10 dB
80324A
10 MHz to 40 GHz
-60 to +10 dBm
+30 dBm (1 W)
-60 to -10 dBm: ±0.00 dB
-10 to +10 dBm: ±0.2 dB/10 dB
1.11 : 0.01 - 2 GHz
1.12 : 2 - 12 GHz
1.18 : 12 - 18 GHz
1.22 : 18 - 26.5 GHz
1.36 : 26.5 - 40 GHz
Giga-tronics True RMS Power Sensors Selection Guide (fm > 1.5 MHz)
Frequency Range /
Power Range
Maximum Power
Power Linearity 1
(Frequency > 8 GHz)
RF
Connector
Length
Diameter
Weight
VSWR
-30 to +20 dBm: ±0.00 dB
Type K(m) 2
50 Ω
152 mm
(6.0 in)
32 mm
(1.25 in)
0.27 kg
(0.6 lb)
1.12 : 0.01 - 2 GHz
1.15 : 12 - 18 GHz
1.18 : 18 - 26.5 GHz
1.29 : 26.5 - 40 GHz
True RMS Sensors (-30 dBm to +20 dBm)
80330A
80333A
80334A
2
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
+33 dBm (2 W)
Includes System Linearity.
The K connector is electrically and mechanically compatible with the APC-3.5 and SMA connectors. Note: Use a Type N(m) to SMA(f) adapter (part no. 29835) for calibration of power sensors with Type K(m)
connectors.
1
7
10 MHz to 18 GHz
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
10 MHz to 40 GHz
8003 Technical Specifications
Giga-tronics Triggerable Pulse Power Sensors Selection Guide
Frequency Range /
Power Range
Power Linearity 1
(Frequency > 8 GHz)
RF
Connector
Length
Diameter
Weight
+23 dBm (200 mW)
±0.13 dB, 0 dBm to -30 dBm
±0.13 dB, ±0.01 dB dB/dB
from 0 dBm to +20 dBm
Type N(m)
14.6 cm
(5.75 in)
3.7 cm
(1.44 in)
0.3 kg
(0.7 lb)
Type K(m)
14.6 cm
(5.75 in)
3.7 cm
(1.44 in)
0.3 kg
(0.7 lb)
Type K(m)
14.6 cm
(5.75 in)
3.7 cm
(1.44 in)
0.3 kg
(0.7 lb)
Maximum Power
VSWR
200 mW Triggerable Pulse Power Sensors
80340A
50 MHz to 18 GHz
-20 to +20 dBm (Triggered)
-30 to + 20 dBm (Free Run)
80343A
50 MHz to 26.5 GHz
-20 to +20 dBm (Triggered)
-30 to + 20 dBm (Free Run)
+23 dBm (200 mW)
±0.13 dB, 0 dBm to -30 dBm
±0.13 dB, ±0.01 dB dB/dB
from 0 dBm to +20 dBm
80344A
50 MHz to 40 GHz
-20 to +0.0 dBm (Triggered)
-30 to +0.0 dBm (Free Run)
+23 dBm (200 mW)
±0.13 dB, 0 dBm to -30 dBm
1.12 : 0.5 - 2 GHz
1.22 : 2 - 12.4 GHz
1.37 : 12.4 - 18 GHz
1.50 : 18 - 26.5 GHz
1.92 : 26.5 - 40 GHz
Giga-tronics Bridge Selection Guide
Frequency Range /
Power Range
Maximum Power
Power Linearity 1
(Frequency > 8 GHz)
Input
Test Port
Directivity
Weight
VSWR
Precision CW Return Loss Bridges
80501
10 MHz to 18 GHz
-35 to +20 dBm
+27 dBm (0.5 W)
-35 to +10 dBm: ±0.1 dB
+10 to +20 dBm: ±0.1 dB
±0.005 dB/dB
Type N(f)
50 Ω
Type N(f)
50 Ω
38 dB
0.340 kg
<1.17:0.01 - 8 GHz
<1.27:8 - 18 GHz
80502
10 MHz to 18 GHz
-35 to +20 dBm
+27 dBm (0.5 W)
-35 to +10 dBm: ±0.1 dB
+10 to +20 dBm: ±0.1 dB
±0.005 dB/dB
Type N(f)
50 Ω
APC-7(f)
50 Ω
40 dB
0.340 kg
<1.13:0.01 - 8 GHz
<1.22:8 - 18 GHz
80503
10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
-35 to +20 dBm
+27 dBm (0.5 W)
-35 to +10 dBm: ±0.1 dB
+10 to +20 dBm: ±0.1 dB
±0.005 dB/dB
SMA(f)
50 Ω
SMA(f)
50 Ω
35 dB
0.340 kg
<1.22:0.01 - 8 GHz
<1.27:18 - 26.5 GHz
80504
10 MHz to 40 GHz
-35 to +20 dBm
+27 dBm (0.5 W)
-35 to +10 dBm: ±0.1 dB
+10 to +20 dBm: ±0.1 dB
±0.005 dB/dB
Type K(f)
50 Ω
Type K(f)
50 Ω
30 dB
0.198 kg
<1.35:0.01 - 26.5 GHz
<1.44:26.5 - 40 GHz
Sensor Calibration Factor Uncertainties
Frequency (GHz)
Root Sum of Squares (RSS) Uncertainties (%) 3
Lower
3
Upper
80304A
80310A
80320A
80330A
80302A
80343A
80313A
80323A
80333A
80340A
80344A
80314A
80324A
80334A
0.1
1
1.04
1.64
1.58
1.58
1.58
1
2
1.20
1.73
1.73
1.73
1.73
2
4
1.33
1.93
1.91
1.91
1.90
4
6
1.41
2.03
2.02
2.01
2.01
6
8
1.52
2.08
2.07
2.06
2.06
8
12.4
1.92
2.55
2.54
2.53
2.53
12.4
18
2.11
2.83
2.80
2.79
2.78
18
26.5
-
3.63
3.68
3.62
3.59
26.5
40
-
6.05
5.54
5.39
5.30
Square root of sum of the individual uncertainties squared (RSS)
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
80303A
80301A
8
8003 Technical Specifications
Swept Signal Generator Control
The Model 8003 Precision Scalar Network Analyzer can control the Giga-tronics 2500B
series Microwave Signal Generators covering 10 MHz to 40 GHz, as well as several
swept microwave signal generators from other manufacturers.
Compatible Signal Generators
Giga-tronics 2500B Series Microwave Signal Generator
System Integrated: The Model 8003 Precision Scalar Network Analyzer can control the Giga-tronics 2500B series Microwave Signal
Generators covering 10 MHz to 40 GHz, as well as several swept microwave signal generators from other manufacturers.
Operator Integrated: The 8003 is compatible with any signal source meeting the following requirements:
Horizontal Ramp: Provides 0 to +10 V nominal ramp signal.
Blanking Signal: Provides a TTL level during retrace and band switching.
Modulation:
AC Detection Mode: A square wave is provided by the analyzer to modulate the signal source.
Frequency: 1 KHz nominal
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
On/Off ratio: > 30 dB
9
Ordering Information
Giga-tronics has a network of RF and Microwave instrumentation sales engineers and a staff of factory support personnel to help you find the best, most economical
instrument for your specific applications. In addition to helping you select the best instrument for your needs, our staff can provide quotations, assist you in placing
orders, and do everything necessary to ensure that your business transactions with Giga-tronics are handled efficiently.
Model Number
Description
8003
Microwave Scalar Network Analyzer (includes three 20954-001 sensor cables)
Options for 8003:
Option 01
Rack Mount Kit
Power Sensor Options:
20954-001
1.5 meter cable (5 feet)
20954-002
3.0 meter cable (10 feet)
20954-003
7.6 meter cable (25 feet)
20954-004
15.2 meter cable (50 feet)
Recommended Accessories:
21044
18 GHz Attenuator Calibration Kit
21049
26.5 GHz Attenuator Calibration Kit
Optional Accessories:
JRNA-00000
Type-N (f) to (f) Adapter
JRNC-00000
Type-N (f) to (m) Adapter
JRNT-00050
Type-N (m) 50 Ohm Termination
Giga-tronics Support Services
At Giga-tronics, we understand the challenges you face. Our support services begin from the moment you call us. We help you achieve both top-line growth and
bottom-line efficiencies by working to identify your precise needs and implement smart and result orientated solutions. We believe and commit ourselves in
providing you with more than our superior test solutions. For technical support, contact:
Toll free: 1-800-726-4442(USA & Canada) / +1 925.328.4650 (International)
Email: [email protected]
Updates
All data is subject to change without notice. For the latest information on Giga-tronics products and applications, please visit:
35142-Rev.A/ US032012
http://www.gigatronics.com
10
©2012 Giga-tronics Incorporated. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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