HelioCol Solar Pool Heater Installation Manual
RESIDENTIAL
INSTALLATION MANUAL
HELIOCOL® SOLAR POOL HEATER
Before attempting installation, read these instructions and
acquaint yourself with the component names. Great care
has been taken to make this an easy-to-follow procedure.
A little time spent understanding the system and its parts
will assure a successful, trouble-free installation.
CAUTION: SAFETY COMES FIRST
When working on or around your roof or pool, please take
care to avoid hazards such as electrical wires and loose
shingles. If you have any product or installation questions,
contact your Heliocol representative.
1405 | Rev. 04
HC-INSTALL | 1405
©2014 UMA Solar
1. Introduction/Table of Contents.
Heliocol solar panels are manufactured utilizing stateof-the-art solar technology and the most advanced
production techniques. Heliocol collectors are sleek and
simple, yet the patented over-molded design makes
Heliocol durable enough to last a lifetime. However, a
professional installation is very important to the overall
success of a system. Installed properly, a Heliocol System
will be virtually maintenance free as it captures free,
abundant, and reliable heat from the sun year after year.
Whether you are a seasoned contractor or a homeowner
installing your own system, this manual will give you a
great deal of valuable information.
Take time to read through this manual. It will guide
you through the most efficient way to correctly install
a Heliocol solar system. By following this step-by-step
guide, your system will meet the installation standards
recommended by the factory (see disclaimer on front
page. In addition, because we’ve included techniques
and tips gathered from experienced Heliocol contractors
throughout the country, using this installation will save
you time and effort.
1
1. Introduction.
25
14. Pressure Testing the Heliocol System.
2
2. Getting Started.
26
15. Operation & Check-out Procedures.
3
3. Things to Remember.
28
16. Troubleshooting.
5
4. Installation Kits & Components.
32
17. Repair Procedure.
6
5. Parts Breakdown.
7
6. Solar Panel Layout & Hydraulics.
12 7. Connecting the Solar Panels Together.
14
8. Mounting the Solar Panels
Using Gator Clamps.
17 9. Mounting the Solar Panels On A Flat Roof.
18
10. Assembly of Row Spacer Kits.
19
11. Connecting the Solar Panels to
20 22
the Feed & Return Lines.
12. Running the Feed & Return Lines
from Roof to Ground Level.
13. Connecting the Feed & Return Lines
to the Filtration System.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
INTRODUCTION/TABLE OF CONTENTS - 1
©2014 UMA Solar
2. Getting Started.
BEFORE YOU START YOUR INSTALLATION, HERE ARE A FEW IMPORTANT TIPS:
1. CAUTION: SAFETY COMES FIRST!
There is no substitute for safety. Always exercise extreme caution, care, and good judgment when working on or
around a roof or pool area.
•
•
•
•
•
Please take care to avoid hazards such as overhead electrical wires or loose shingles.
Be sure to secure ladders so they will not slip or fall.
Do not allow extension cords to lie in the pool or in standing water.
Wear shoes with proper tread to prevent slipping on the ladder or sloped roof areas.
Disconnect all power to the pool equipment when installing an automatic control system.
2. Check with your local building department to determine permitting and code requirements in your area.
3. While this manual explains how to install Heliocol solar collectors properly in typical situations, it cannot possibly
address all of the unique or individual circumstances possible. If you have any installation questions, contact your
Heliocol representative for assistance.
4. Before starting any work, determine the location of your system and prepare a schematic drawing of the
installation area. Include the location of the feed and the return lines in this drawing. Roof areas often times look
bigger than they really are, so be sure to measure the available area before making your schematic. Be sure that
the layout of the collectors will allow the collectors to drain when the pool pump shuts off.
5. Familiarize yourself with all of the Heliocol components and plumbing materials that you will need to complete the
installation.
6. Don’t take shortcuts. Whenever possible, panels should be installed so they are accessible without being walked on.
Walking on the collectors should only take place when absolutely necessary.
7. Depending upon your specific job, you will need various plumbing items and materials. Be sure to use quality
products that will withstand direct sunlight year after year.
PVC PIPE - Use PVC SCHEDULE 40 pressure rated pipe. Do not use ABS or a lower standard substitute.
PVC FITTINGS - Use PVC SCHEDULE 40 pressure rated fittings to match your PVC pipe.
DO NOT USE - “plumber’s” fittings or DWV fittings (drain, waste, vent).
PVC CLEANER AND CEMENT - It is important to both CLEAN and CEMENT each PVC joint. When gluing CPVC fittings
to PVC pipe, such as the 117 pipe connector, it is necessary to use a good quality “multi-purpose” cement.
NOTE: As the installer, you are responsible for exercising good judgment when installing Heliocol systems to
protect the long term integrity of the collectors as well as the mounting surfaces.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
GETTING STARTED - 2
3. Things to Remember.
NO TWO INSTALLATIONS ARE EXACTLY ALIKE BUT
THERE ARE SOME GENERAL BITS OF TECHNICAL
INFORMATION THAT YOU WILL FIND HELPFUL IN
THE FIELD.
ROOF ORIENTATION - Ideally, collectors should
be located on a south-facing or flat roof or on an
elevated ground mounted rack facing south. The next
best orientation is west and finally east. Collectors
should never be installed facing north in the Northern
hemisphere.
COLLECTOR CONFIGURATIONS - There are many
ways to configure a solar array. The most common and
preferred is in a continuous row. The recommended limit
to the number of collectors that can be installed this way
to achieve even flow throughout the array is (12) HC-30’s,
(10)HC-40’s, or (8) HC-50’s.
This maximum guideline can be exceeded if there is a
high flow or substantial back pressure on the system,
which will force adequate flow through every collector.
When you have more than the maximum, you should use
either the double row layout or the single row split feed
layout. Of course, the double row can also be used for
smaller installations when space is a problem. (Fig. 6.2,
page 7).
If you have to split up an array due to a skylight or change
in roof level or direction, the layout will be similar to
single row split feed layout.
Generally, a 1-horsepower pump is sufficient for a
standard pool solar system unless there is an unusually
long pipe run, a high roof, or a large number of
collectors. If you are not sure what your pump flow rate
is, consult your Heliocol representative for the pump’s
flow characteristics.
PLUMBING - It is important that you use the proper size
PVC pipe for the size of the solar array. Under sizing the
pipe will produce too much restriction to the water flow
and unnecessarily reduce the flow rate to the collectors.
Use the following as a guide:
FLOW RATE
MINIMUM PIPE SIZE
0 to 30 GPM
1½”
31 to 50 GPM
2”
51 to 70 GPM
2½”
Plumbing runs should be as short as possible and the
“hot return” pipe should have the shortest run to reduce
the potential heat loss in the pipe. Horizontal pipes
should be supported with a pipe clamp at least every
4 feet to prevent sagging. The pipe clamp used on pipe
runs across a roof should be ½” larger than the pipe
diameter to allow for expansion and contraction. Pipe
clamps should be used on vertical or horizontal runs on
the side of a building and should be the same size as the
pipe diameter to prevent movement.
PUMP HORSEPOWER - The horsepower of your
swimming pool filtration pump must be adequate to
supply the solar system with enough water to provide
the recommended flow rate necessary for the collectors
being installed. The recommended rates are:
PANEL
RECOMMEND FLOW RATE
HC-30
3-4 gallons per minute
HC-40
5-6 gallons per minute
HC-50
6-7 gallons per minute
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
THINGS TO REMEMBER. - 3
©2014 UMA Solar
3. Things to Remember. - Cont.
AUTOMATIC DRAIN DOWN - The collectors and the PVC
pipe should be installed so the water will drain out of
them when the pool shuts off. This is especially important
in areas of the country where freezing conditions occur.
The Heliocol solar pool collectors are warranted against
internal freezing when installed to allow for drain
down. If, as a result of a unique roof design or adverse
pool equipment locations, it is not possible to achieve
complete automatic drain down, manual drain down
valves should be installed in appropriate places in the
plumbing or at the end of the bottom (feed) header.
[Instead of installing an end cap (106A) at the end of the
header, you would place a (117) type connector (113)
1½” x 1½” THD PVC reducer bushing along with a ½”
boiler drain (BD-050)].
These valves should be opened when shutting down
the system for the winter months or when freezing
conditions are possible. Your Heliocol representative
can assist you with the parts necessary for manual drain
down installations.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
THINGS TO REMEMBER. - 4
4. Installation Kits & Components.
The following is a description of the installation kits that are required for a complete Heliocol installation. The (RK) system
kit and (PK) collector kits are always required while the (RSK) row spacer kit is only required for certain installations. The
(PTK) pressure testing kit is used at the end of the installation to test the system while the (RTK) Repair Tool Kit is used if
you ever need to repair a collector.
PK: COLLECTOR KIT
One of these kits is required for each collector it contains: (1) 113 plastic panel clamp, and (2) HC-110 Long, and (2) HC-110 Short.
RK: SYSTEM KIT
One of these kits is required for each row or bank of collectors. It contains the parts necessary to connect the collectors to the feed and
return lines.
RSK: ROW SPACER KIT
One of these kits is required if you need to bypass a vent pipe or obstacle larger than 6”. It is also used to connect collectors into one row
that are on different roof levels or that are facing different directions. It contains the part necessary to connect the collectors to the PVC
pipe between them.
PTK: PRESSURE TESTING KIT
This kit gives you the components you need to pressure test the system once installation is complete.
RTK: REPAIR TOOL KIT
In the event a collector is damaged, this kit contains everything needed to make a repair to a riser tube.
MISCELLANEOUS - Depending upon your specific job, you will need other plumbing items and materials such as: PVC
valves, stainless steel lag bolts, polyurethane caulk, silicone spray, pipe straps, black electrical wire ties, electrical wire
nuts, 18ga-22ga sensor wire, 12ga-14ga electrical wire with ground, Teflon tape, concrete anchors and screws, electrical
conduit, etc. Be sure to use quality products that will withstand direct sunlight year after year.
•
•
•
•
Flat head and Phillips head screwdriver
Power drill with bits, 5/16” and 7/16” sockets
Pipe cutter or hacksaw
Garden hose
•
Channel lock pliers
•
Caulking gun
•Ladder
NOTE: While this manual explains how to install Heliocol Solar Panels properly in typical situations, it cannot address
all the unique or individual circumstances possible. If you have any installation questions, contact your Heliocol
Representative for assistance. As the installing contractor, you are responsible for exercising good judgment when
installing Heliocol Systems to protect the long term integrity of the collectors as well as the mounting surfaces.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
INSTALLATION KITS & COMPONENTS - 5
©2014 UMA Solar
5. Parts Breakdown.
PART NO.
DESCRIPTION
PK
RK
RSK
HC-110 Short
Top Gator Clamp
2
113
Panel Clamp with Gasket
2
117
PTK
RTK
2
2
Pipe Connector
2
4
106A
End Cap
2
HC-110 Long
Bottom Gator Clamp
BV-050
½” Ball Valve
1
141
0-60 PSI Pressure Gauge
1
142
Pressure Test “T” Assembly
1
130
Pin Insert Tool
1
133
1/4” Chisel
1
2
OTHER INSTALLATION COMPONENTS
121Z Vacuum Breaker
200-CVS-050 PVC 2” Check Valve
PSMGB20 Pipe Clamp
OV2-2010 Two-Way Ball Valve
25N40013BHLS 1/4” x 4” S.S Lag Bolt
OV3-1500-NP Three-Way Valve
128 100 Tap Cons 1/4”x1-3/4’ w/ Drill Bit
113G Gasket for Panel Clamp
138 Repair Plugs
HC-116 3/8” X 4” Stainless Steel Lag Bolt
HC-0110
HC-0110 SHORT
SHORT
ALLIGATOR
ALLIGATOR CLAMP
CLAMP
HC-110
Short
141
HC-0110
HC-0110 LO
LO G
G
ALLIGATOR
ALLIGATOR CLAMP
CLAMP
HC-110
Long
BV-050
½” BALL VALVE
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
PTK
PRESSURE TEST “T”
ASSEMBLY KIT
113
117
133
1/4” CHISEL
106A
130
PIN INSERTION TOOL
PARTS BREAKDOWN - 6
6. Solar Panel Layouts & Hydraulics.
Shown below are the 5 most common solar collector installations.
Fig.
Fig.6.1
6.1- SINGLE
- SINGLE
ROW
ROW
Fig. 6.2
6.2 -- DOUBLE
Fig.
DOUBLEROW
ROW
Fig.
6.3- SINGLE
- SINGLEROW
ROW SPLIT
SPLIT FEED
Fig.
6.3
FEED
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
SOLAR PANEL & LAYOUT HYDRAULICS - 7
©2014 UMA Solar
6. Solar Panel Layouts & Hydraulics. - Cont.
Shown below are the some common solar collector installations.
END CAP
RETURN
END CAP
END CAP
5.4
Fig. 6.4
6.4FIGURE
-- SERIES
FEED
Fig.
SERIES
FEED
FEED
SERIES FEED
END CAP
END CAP
END CAP
END CAP
END CAP
RETURN
FEED
Fig.6.5
6.5--SERIES/PARALLEL
SERIES/PARALLEL
FEED
Fig.
FEED
FIGURE 5.5
SERIES/PARALLEL FEED
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
SOLAR PANEL & LAYOUT HYDRAULICS - 8
6. Solar Panel layouts & Hydraulics. - Cont.
ROOF ORIENTATION - Ideally, collectors should be located on a south-facing or flat roof on an elevated ground
mounted rack facing south. The next best orientation is west and finally east. A collector should never be installed on a
north roof without a reverse rack in the northern hemisphere.
CHOOSING THE RIGHT SIZE COLLECTOR - The roof space available to you will determine which model collector to
use. Since Heliocol manufactures collectors in eight different sizes, you have great flexibility in what you can design. The
eight panels sizes are:
PANEL
SIZE
HC-8
1’ x 8’
HC-9.5
1’ x 9.5’
HC-10.5
1’x10.5’
HC-12.5
1’x12.5’
HC-30
4’x8’
HC-38
4’x9.5’
HC-40
4’x10.5’
HC-50
4’x12.5’
Whenever possible, the largest panel (HC-50) should be used. This will:
­­· Reduce your total collector cost.
­­· ­­ Reduce labor and installation material cost.
­­· Reduce the length of the solar array.
­­· Reduce the number of roof penetrations.
­­· Produce a more attractive installation.
However, unique roof designs may require a combination of different size collectors to best cover the roof area.
PANEL CONFIGURATIONS - There are many ways to configure a solar array. The most common and preferred is in one
continuous row as shown in Fig. 6.1, page 7. However, there are recommended limits to the number of panels that can
be installed this way to achieve even flow throughout the array. The maximums are:
MODEL #
MAXIMUM PER ROW
HC-30
12
HC-40
10
HC-50
8
These maximums can be exceed if there is high flow or substantial back pressure on the system, which will force adequate
flow through every panel. When you have more than the maximums, you should either use the double row layout as in
Fig. 6.2, or the single row split feed layout as in Fig. 6.3, page 7. Of course, the double row can also be used for smaller
installations when space is a problem.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
SOLAR PANEL & LAYOUT HYDRAULICS. - 9
©2014 UMA Solar
6. Solar Panel layouts & Hydraulics. - Cont.
PUMP HORSEPOWER - The horsepower of your swimming pool filtration pump must be adequate to supply the
solar system with enough water to provide the recommended flow rate necessary for the panels being installed. These
recommended rates in gallons per minute (GPM) are (0.1gal/ft2).
MODEL #
MINIMUM FLOW
HC-10.5
1 GPM
HC-12.5
1 GPM
HC-30
3 GPM
HC-40
4 GPM
HC-50
5 GPM
For example: If you are installing (10) HC-40 panels, your pump must be able to deliver 40 GPM to the solar array. These
flow rates may be exceeded by as much as 100% without any detrimental impact on the performance of the system. The
existing pool recirculation pump is typically adequate for recirculating the water through the solar system. Generally,
a 1 horsepower pump is sufficient for a standard pool solar system unless there is an unusually long pipe run, a high
roof, or a large number of panels. If you are not sure what your pump flow rate is, consult your Heliocol representative
or pump manufacturer for the pump’s flow characteristics.
PLUMBING - It is important that you use the proper size PVC pipe for the size of the solar array. Under sizing the pipe will
produce too much restriction to the water flow and unnecessarily reduce the flow rate to the panels. Use the following
as a guide:
FLOW RATE
MINIMUM PIPE SIZE
0 to 30 GPM
1½”
31 to 50 GPM
2”
51 to 70 GPM
2½”
For larger flow rates, consult your Heliocol representative for the proper pipe size or alternative series plumbing
techniques, which will reduce the necessary flow rates on larger systems.
Plumbing runs should be as short as possible and the “hot return” pipe should have the shortest run to reduce potential
heat loss in this pipe. Pipes should be supported with pipe clamps or “G” clamps at least every 4 feet to prevent sagging.
(Check wit plumbing code in local jurisdiction.) The pipe clamp used on pipe returns across a roof should be ½” larger
than the pipe diameter to allow for expansion and contraction. The pipe clamp used a on vertical or horizontal runs
on the same side of the building should be the same size as the pipe diameter to prevent movement and to assure a
professional looking installation.
Since 90-degree elbow fittings produce a high restriction to flow, you will want to use as few as possible; keep this in
mind when planning your plumbing runs. Their use cannot be avoided, but with careful forethought, you will use the
least number possible. Occasionally, the use of (2) 45-degree fittings will eliminate a 90, but it is not necessary to always
use them as this will run up the expense of your materials.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
SOLAR PANEL & LAYOUT HYDRAULICS. - 10
6. Solar Panel layouts & Hydraulics. - Cont.
BALANCED FLOW - When you have to split a solar system as in Fig. 6.2 or Fig. 6.3, page 7, it is critical that the shown
plumbing runs be followed to assure equal water flow through both rows of panels. Since water will follow the path of
least resistance, if one plumbing run is shorter than the other, more water will flow through it than through the other
one. Keep this in mind if you design a panel layout different than the examples. Your Heliocol representative can also
assist with this and explain the use of “balancing valves” on larger systems.
If you are installing the solar panels on a flat roof or flat ground rack, the top (return) header of the panel should be at
least 3” higher than the bottom (feed) header to assure equal flow through all of the tubes of all the panels. To achieve
even distribution of water throughout the row of panels, proper flow rates and a little back pressure should be present.
AUTOMATIC DRAIN DOWN - The panels and the PVC pipe should be installed so the water will drain out of them when
the pool pump shuts off. This is especially important in ares of the country where freezing conditions occur. (The Heliocol
solar pool panels are warranted against internal freezing when installed to allow for drain down.) To allow for the water
to drain, a vacuum breaker (121) is installed on the solar feed line above the non-positive three-way valve as shown in
(Fig. 13.1, page 22). (Non-positive means that the valve allows for water to drain back through the valve even while in
the off position. If you have If you have a 3-way valve that is not non-positive, you can make it so by drilling an 1/8” hole
in the diverter). If, as a result, of a unique roof design or adverse pool equipment location, it is not possible to achieve
complete automatic drain down, manual drain down valves should be installed in appropriate places in the plumbing
or at the end of the bottom (feed) header.
Instead of installing and end cap (HC-106A) at the end of the header, you would place a pipe connector, and (117) 1½”
slip x 1½” threaded PVC reducer bushing, along with a ½” Boiler Drain HC-140. These valves should be opened when
shutting down the system for the winter months or when freezing conditions are possible. Your Heliocol representative
can assist you with the parts necessary for the manual drain down installations.
Install (2) SS Screws (#6x3/4) to secure gator top to gator bottom assembly.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
SOLAR PANEL & LAYOUT HYDRAULICS. - 11
©2014 UMA Solar
7. Connecting the Solar Panels Together.
Later on in this installation manual you will be instructed to connect the collectors together using plastic panel clamps
(113). When connecting collectors together, follow the directions outlined below:
1. Place two collectors next to each other. The spacer bars that hold the individual riser tubes together should be facing
down. Lay a plastic panel clamp (113) top, bottom, gasket, and clip where the two headers meet. (Fig. 7.1-A).
2. Clean the groove of both headers.
3. Spray the gasket with silicon and insert it into the groove of one of the headers. Make sure that the gasket is fully
seated into the header groove by pushing firmly with your thumb all the way around the gasket. (Fig. 7.1-B).
4. Place the bottom half (see Fig. 8.1) of the plastic panel clamp (113) under the collector header with the hook portion
of the panel clamp facing the inside of the collectors. (Fig. 7.1-C).
5. Seat both headers together by inserting the gasket into the opposite header groove and placing the ends of both
headers into the open space in the panel clamp bottom. (Fig. 7.1-D).
6. Interlock the top half of the panel clamp with the hook on the bottom half. Swing top half over top of collector
headers. Squeeze the top and bottom portions of the panel clamp together using channel lock pliers and lock both
halves of the clamp together using the locking clip. (NOTE: Slide large end of locking clip over small end of plastic
panel clamp assembly). (Fig. 7.1 - E & F).
7. Use channel lock pliers to tighten the clip grip by squeezing it with reasonable force until it seats flush or even
slightly farther so it cannot slide out of its position. (Fig. 7.1-G).
8. Insert locking clip into slots on slide locking clip.
9. Use this same procedure to connect both top and bottom headers of the collectors.
NOTE: On soft roof surfaces or lesser quality asphalt shingle an EPDM or aluminum pad underneath the panel clamp
may be necessary to eliminate possible wear.
SEE FIGURES ON NEXT PAGE
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
CONNECTING THE SOLAR PANELS TOGETHER. - 12
7. Connecting the Solar Panels Together. - Cont.
Fig. 7.1
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
CONNECTING THE SOLAR PANELS TOGETHER.- 13
©2014 UMA Solar
8. Mounting the Solar Panels Using Gator Clamps.
The beauty of the “gator clamp” installation method is its simplicity it can be used on just about any type of roof or rack
installation.
Panel Header (Top)
HC-113T Panel Clamp Top
HC-110 Short Alligator Clamp
HC-113 L Latch
HC-113G Gasket
HC-113B Panel Clamp Bottom
HC-110 Long Alligator Clamp
Fig. 8.1
For rack systems, asphalt shingle roofs, or tile roofs follow these simple steps:
1. Snap a chalk line across the roof or rack where you want the top edge of the collectors to be located. The panels
should slope slightly down toward the feed end of the array for proper drainage.
2. Position the first gator clamp on the chalk line 6” from the top corner of the first panel. The first panel will be the one
that is connected to the feed line at the bottom header.
3. Subsequent gator clamps should be spaced out evenly along the chalk line every 24”. Each gator clamp can be
located anywhere along the top header to match up to the spacing of the roof rafters as long as there is a 2” space
between the edge of the gator clamp and the ribs on the panel header that exist every one foot. This allows
for horizontal expansion and contraction. For barrel tile roofs, each gator clamp needs to be positioned so that it is
centered on the top ridge of a tile.
4. Since normal horizontal expansion and contraction of an array of panels takes place every day as panels heat up
and cool down, it is preferable to lock the center of each array in place so that the expansion and contraction takes
place evenly to the left and right of this center point. The center panel of an array may be locked in place by locating
the gator clamps on that panel adjacent to the left and right of one of the header ribs (see Fig. 8.3, page 15). These
gators should be attached using (2) lag bolts as opposed to (1). Do not use this procedure more than once on any
array of panels.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
MOUNTING THE SOLAR PANELS USING GATOR CLAMPS. - 14
8. Mounting the Solar Panels
Using Gator Clamps. - Cont.
5. Apply ample sealant to both the bottom and top of the lower hole on the bottom portion of the gator clamp. (Fig.
8.4-A). Position the bottom portion of the gator clamp perpendicular to the chalk line with the lower hole being
placed right on the chalk line. Lag the gator to the roof through the lower hole using a 3/8” x 4” S.S lag bolt. (Fig.
8.4-B). For barrel tile roofs, place (4) HC-110BTS barrel tile spacers underneath each gator clamp by inserting the 4’
of the barrel tile spacer into the four corners of the bottom of the gator clamp. (Fig. 8.5).
6. The bottom of the gator is designed to grip the roof ’s surface to avoid rotation back and forth. However, if the roof
surface is particularly hard or slick, use an additional lag bolt in either the top or center hole.
7. To ensure proper spacing, hang the top headers of panels in the bottom portion of the gators attached to the roof
as you go. Once again, be sure gator clamps are at least 2” away from each ridge along the heading. (Fig. 8.4-D).
8. Once all gators are properly lagged to rack or roof surfaces, and all the collectors are hung in place, connect the top
headers of each collector using (113) panel clamps. Snap the top portion of each gator clamp over the panel header
onto the bottom portion of each gator clamp by pushing down firmly. (Fig. 8.4-C).
9. Install (2) SS Screws (#6x3/4) to secure gator top to gator bottom assembly.
10. Attach the bottom headers of the collectors with (113) panel clamps.
11. Locate and mount the gator clamps (2 each) along the bottom header, aligned with the upper header gators. The
bottom gator should be installed allowing a large gap on the to allow for contraction of the collectors.
12. Attach feed and return lines following Heliocol’s published guidelines.
13. The corners of where the feed and the return are located should be fastened down by pipe straps that are also
supporting the pipe.
NOTE: Typical residential mounting
plan shown. For additional mounting
options for commercial installations
please refer to addendum provided
by manufacturer’s engineering
department.
Fig. 8.2
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
Fig. 8.3
MOUNTING THE SOLAR PANELS USING GATOR CLAMPS. - 15
©2014 UMA Solar
8. Mounting the Solar Panels
Using Gator Clamps. - Cont.
Fig. 8.4
NOTE: *Additional gator clamps are required for surfaces with a pitch of 10/12 or greater.
NOTE: To allow for vertical expansion and contraction, any gators installed on the bottom header must be positioned
so that the header is in the middle of the cradle. (Fig. 8.6).
Fig. 8.5
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
Fig. 8.6
MOUNTING THE SOLAR PANELS USING GATOR CLAMPS. - 16
9. Mounting the Solar Panels On A Flat Roof.
If you have chosen a flat roof to mount the solar panels, it is recommended not to penetrate the surface with a lag bolt.
FIBERGLASS COATED, METAL, OR SHINGLED FLAT ROOF - If you have one of these three types of roofs with at least
3” of slope down the panel length, you can use the gator clamp method previously described. Use liquid adhesive to
secure the (110 bottom) gator clamp to the roof, or consult A.H.J. or engineer of record to make sure installation meets
code regulations.
NOTE:
Whenever unglazed solar collectors are installed on a rack, a substrate should be mounted on the rack prior to
mounting the panel. This eliminates heat loss and stress created by wind blowing on the back side of the rack.
However, if this wind is eliminated by other site specific conditions, (e.g. windbreaks or fences) substrates are not
necessarily required.
There are all types of flat roof surfaces, and as the installing contractor, you are responsible for making sure that
the installation will not damage the roof surface. If, for example, you have a very soft or rubberized roof surface,
you’ll want to protect the roof surface with some type of substrate. Alternatively, Heliocol panels are designed so
that they can be installed with the spacer bars facing up or down. You can flip the panels over for installations on
these types of roofs.
Please note that not all flat roof installations are the same. Please contact your local roofing contractor to ensure
your meeting all local codes.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
MOUNTING THE SOLAR PANELS ON A FLAT ROOF.. - 17
©2014 UMA Solar
10. Assembly of Row Spacer Kits.
When you need to install panels over an obstruction larger than 6’ wide, or if the obstruction is less than 1’ from a panel
header, you’ll need a row spacer kit to circumvent the obstruction.
113
1 1/2” PVC PIPE
117
113
117
Fig. 10.1
HC-RSK
1. Connect (4) of the (117) pipe connectors to the headers of the collectors to be connected with a (113) plastic panel
clamp using the same procedures outlined in the section on connecting solar collectors together on page 12.
2. Cut two lengths of 1-½” PVC pipe long enough to cement the (117) pipe connectors on each collector to each other.
3. Cement the PVC pipe to the pipe connectors as shown in Fig. 10.1.
4. If the distance between the collectors is over 4’, a 2” pipe clamp should be used on both pipes to prevent sagging.
NOTE: When gluing the (117) CPVC pipe connectors, it is necessary to use good quality “multi-purpose” cement.
NOTE: Obstructions smaller than 6” can be circumvented by snapping the panel
riser tubes out of the spacer bar and spreading them around the obstructions.
(see Fig. 10.2).
WARNING - THIS SHOULD NOT BE DONE BETWEEN THE HEADER AND THE FIRST
SPACER BAR AS IT WILL POSSIBLY PULL THE RISER TUBE OUT OF THE HEADER. THE
HELIOCOL WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER LEAKS OCCURRING FROM THIS TYPE
OF INCORRECT INSTALLATION. A ROW SPACER KIT SHOULD BE USED FOR THIS
SITUATION.
Fig. 10.2
Flexible riser tubes are snapped
out of the spacer bars to go
around small obstructions.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
ASSEMBLY OF ROW SPACER KITS. - 18
11. Connecting the Solar Panels
to the Feed & Return Lines.
Header
106A End Cap
113 Panel Clamp
117 CPVC Pipe Connector
1 ½” PVC Stub
Fig. 11.1
1. The feed line will be connected to the low end of the bottom header, which should be the corner farthest from the
pool pump. The return line will be connected to the top header on the opposite end of the array. This gives the heated
pool water the shortest route back to the pool.
2. The (106A) end caps will be located on the corners of the solar array opposite of the corners where the feed line and
return lines will be. Attach the (106A) end caps using the (113) plastic panel clamp as described on page 12. (See Fig.
11.2-A).
3. Attach the (117) pipe connectors to the corners of the array where the feed and returns lines will be using the (113)
plastic panel clamp. (See Fig. 11.2-B).
4. The (117) pipe connector allows a 1½” PVC Street 90 to be glued directly into the socket, or a 2” PVC 90 to be glued
on the side. CPVC glue should be used when attaching PVC fittings or pipe to the pipe connectors to provide for a
durable connection. A 90 PVC fitting and vertical pipe run of at least 5’ should always be attached to the return line
pipe connector to allow for lateral expansion and contraction of the return line pipe run.
5. Connect the feed and return pipes using good plumbing techniques.
6. Attach the (106A) end caps on the corners opposite the feed and return lines using the (113) panel clamps.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ®SOLAR
SOLARPOOL
POOLHEATER
HEATER
Fig. 11.2
CONNECTING THE SOLAR PANELS TO THE FEED & RETURN LINES - 19
©2014 UMA Solar
12. Running the Feed & Return Lines
From Roof to Ground Level.
Here is the standard, most straight-forward way of running the PVC pipe from the feed and return lines to the equipment
pad. Some installations require a more creative approach due to unique roof designs or equipment pad locations.
Whenever possible, the return line should have the shortest run and all pipes should run slightly “downhill” to allow for
automatic drain-down of the plumbing and solar array. If this is not possible, manual drain valves should be installed
as needed.
If your equipment pad is against your house, you may want to complete the necessary plumbing at the equipment pad
before completing this portion of the installation. This allows you to know exactly where the pipe should come down
from the roof. This is not necessary if you will be trenching from the equipment pad to the installation location.
1. Cement the appropriate size PVC 90-degree elbow to the return line stub facing down toward the bottom header.
Repeat the process for the feed line header stub and face the elbow down away from the array. (see Fig. 12.1, page
21)
NOTE: Whenever cementing, lay a rag on the roof or rack under the joint to avoid dripping cement on the mounting
surface. Also, it is a good idea to tape the cans of PVC cleaner and PVC cement together; they are less likely to tip over
and spill this way.
2. Determine where the feed and return pipe will go over the edge of the roof. If possible, this should be perpendicular
to the exact points where they will fasten into the existing system or into pipes coming from another location (see
Fig. 13.1, page. 22).
3. Measure the distance from the return elbow down to the spot that you want to go, across the roof, to the point
established above. Be sure to include the depth of the socket in the elbow in your measurement. Cut a piece of
PVC pipe to this length. Repeat this process for the feed line.
4. If you are not experienced at cutting and fitting pipe, it is a good idea to assemble all pipe and fittings before
cementing them just in case you make an error. Clean the burrs off of these cut pipe lengths and insert them into the
elbows.
5. Measure across the roof from these pipes to the points established in Step 3. Cut and de-burr pipes to these lengths
and assemble corner with 90-degree elbows.
6. Continue this process around the edge of the roof and down to the existing plumbing, keeping pipes as short, straight,
and tight to the building as possible.
7. Once you are satisfied with the plumbing arrangement, go back and cement all of your joints together using the
good plumbing techniques explained in the “Getting Started” section.
8. Secure long pipe runs with C-clamps or G-clamps one size larger than the pipe diameter using (116) 3/8” x 4” stainless
steel lag bolts and polyurethane caulk. Secure vertical pipe runs on the side of buildings with pipe-clamps the same
size as the pipe diameter using screws and anchors as needed.
CONTINUES ON NEXT PAGE
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
RUNNING THE FEED & RETURN LINES FROM ROOF TO GROUND LEVEL. - 20
12. Running the Feed & Return Lines
From Roof to Ground Level. - Cont.
NOTE: All four corners of each row of panels should be securely fastened to the roof. The corners should already be
secured with the gator clamps or pipe straps on the plumbing lines connected to the feed and return lines. The top corner
opposite the return corner should already be secured by the panel mounting hardware.
NOTE: Be sure to support all of the weight of the plumbing with gator clamps or pipe straps. The mounting hardware is
not designed to support the weight of the plumbing in addition to the weight of the collectors.
Fig. 12.1
The above photo (left) shows the return line attached to
the top header and an end cap on the bottom header.
The photo insert (center) the return line connection in
detail.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
The above photo (right) shows the feed line attached
to the bottom header and an end cap attached to the
top header.
RUNNING THE FEED & RETURN LINES FROM ROOF TO GROUND LEVEL. - 21
©2014 UMA Solar
13. Connecting the Feed & Return
Lines to the Filtration System.
Vacuum Breaker
(HC-121)
TO SOLAR
COLLECTOR
(COOL)
RETURN FROM
SOLAR COLLECTOR
(WARM)
TO ROOF SENSOR
Pressure Test Kit
(PTK)
used here to pressure
test the system
AUTO
CONTROL
Ball Valve
(HC-BV)
VALVE ACTUATOR WIRE
Ball Valve
(HC-BV)
NEW PLUMBING
EXISTING PLUMBING
(OPTIONAL)
Three Way Valve
Non-Positive Seal
(HC-JV3)
Check Valve
(HC-CV)
TO POOL SENSOR
Install before
this point:
Chlorinator
Heater
Other pool
accessories
(optional)
PUMP
FILTER
Return to pool
(HOT)
From pool
(Cool)
Fig. 13.1
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
CONNECTING THE FEED & RETURN LINES TO THE FILTRATION SYSTEM. - 22
13. Connecting the Feed & Return
Lines to the Filtration System. - Cont.
Fig. 13.1 on page 22 shows how a typical Heliocol solar pool heating system is plumbed into existing pool plumbing.
This drawing may not be just like every system you encounter; the feed and return plumbing on a solar system may be
reversed, or it may be a different type of filter, or it may have additional equipment such as a chlorinator, pool cleaner,
gas heater, etc. It may also have a long run of plumbing from the pool equipment to the solar collectors.
Whether the system is like this or not, Fig. 13.1 will help you understand the flow of water from the pool, through the
pump, filter, solar system, and back to the pool. Study the diagram and become familiar with the valves needed to
connect the solar collectors to existing plumbing.
Notice that the first check valve is plumbed in after the filter. This prevents the filter from being backwashed by the
water draining down from the panels when the pump shuts off. The 3-way valve either diverts the water to the solar
system or directly back to the pool. This 3-way valve should be a non-positive seal valve. This enables the water in the
solar system to drain back to the pool when the pump shuts off. The 2-way valves on the solar feed and return lines allow
you to isolate (completely shut off ) the solar system.
1. Study the plumbing after the filter and decide where you are going to install the check valve and the PVC tee fitting
(see Fig. 13.1). If you have auxiliary equipment, you may need to re-plumb a portion of your existing plumbing so this
equipment is located after the solar system as indicated in Fig. 13.1.
2. Cut the pipe after the filter where you have decided to locate the check valve and where your solar return pipe will
attach to your existing pool return line. If your pool plumbing is 1-½”, and you are running 2” plumbing to your solar
system, you should be using 2” valves and piping for all of your new plumbing. Therefore you will need (2) 2”x1-½”
reducer bushings to adapt your new 2” fittings to the existing 1-½” pipe.
3. As discussed earlier in this manual, it is a good idea to assemble all pipe and fittings before cementing them just in
case you make an error. Install a check valve on the pipe coming out of the filter. Be sure that the arrow showing flow
direction is pointed away from the filter.
4. The 3-way valve will be installed next. It may come right next to the check valve, or you may have to use some pipe
and fittings to locate it off the main line. As stated earlier, use as few 90-degree elbows as possible.
5. Install the 2-way valve to the solar feed line and then connect the other side of the 2-way valve to one of the ports
on the 3-way valve.
6. Install the (121) vacuum breaker about 4’ up the feed line and above the top of the filter using a PVC tee and reducer
bushing. Face the tee to the outside as shown in Fig. 13.1. Wrap the threads of the vacuum breaker with Teflon tape
and screw it into the 3/4” threaded reducer bushing.
7. Install the second 2-way valve to the solar return line.
8. Determine now where to locate the PVC tee fitting. The tee may be located right next to the 3-way valve or elsewhere
depending on your system. Connect the tee fitting first to the solar return line, then to the 3-way valve, and finally
to the pool return line.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
CONNECTING THE FEED & RETURN LINES TO THE FILTRATION SYSTEM. - 23
©2014 UMA Solar
13. Connecting the Feed & Return
Lines to the Filtration System. - Cont.
9. Once you are satisfied with the plumbing arrangement, go back and cement together all the joints that you have not
already cemented. Use good plumbing techniques and rags to protect the existing pool equipment.
NOTE: Use pipe clamps the same size as the outside diameter of your plumbing fittings to secure the pipe and
fittings tightly to the wall.
NOTE: When cementing check valves, try to do so in a horizontal position to prevent cement from dripping into the
spring loaded valve and cementing it closed! When this is not possible, use cement sparingly and allow it to dry
slightly before inserting the pipe into the socket. When cementing to a 3-way valve, either remove the diverter from
the valve or cement with the diverter turned away from any open port to prevent the cement from running onto the
diverter cementing it in place!
For a truly professional looking installation, take time to clean the white PVC pipe. Use a clean rag, pour PVC cleaner on
it, and then wipe the dirt and identification marks off the pipe. Do this on all exposed pipe. This is also good preparation
if you plan on painting the pipe to match the house color.
IF YOU ARE INSTALLING AN AUTOMATIC SYSTEM: The basic difference between the manual system just outlined and
an automatic system is the use of a motorized 3-way valve. This 3-way valve is operated by a differential control which
uses sensors to determine if the solar system is warmer or cooler than the pool water. This way, it can shut the solar system
off when cloudy conditions exist and thereby generate the optimum performance from the solar investment. It also
allows you to select a maximum pool water temperature so the solar system doesn’t overheat the pool. It accomplishes
this by the use of a sensor on the roof and a sensor installed into the pool plumbing. The directions included with the
automatic system components will direct you in the installation of the control and sensors. The 3-way valve will be
installed as described in above procedure.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
CONNECTING THE FEED & RETURN LINES TO THE FILTRATION SYSTEM. - 24
14. Pressure Testing the Heliocol Solar System.
Pressure testing the entire solar system provides for a trouble-free installation and takes only about fifteen minutes. Any
weak PVC glue joint, fittings or pipe, and any improper panel clamp connections, will be evident while the system is put
under 40 to 50 PSI of pressure.
1. Allow ample time for all glue joints to dry completely. Use this time to wrap up things and to clean up the job site.
2. Wrap the threads of the (PTT) pressure test “T” assembly, ½” ball valve and (PG) pressure gauge with Teflon tape.
Replace temporarily the vacuum breaker with the (PTT) pressure test “T” assembly. Thread the ½” ball valve and
pressure gauge into the pressure test “T” assembly.
3. Attach a garden hose to the ½” ball valve. Make sure the ½” ball valve is in the “OFF” position.
4. Turn the solar system on to allow the pool pump to completely fill the solar system. (If the pool pump is not operational,
shut off the ball valve on the feed line and use the garden hose to fill the system.)
5. Once the solar system is completely full of water, turn off the pool pump or turn the 3-way valve to bypass the solar
system. Quickly turn off the ball valves on both the feed and return lines.
6. Turn on the city water to the garden hose and open the ½” ball valve on the pressure test “T” assembly until the
pressure gauge reads 40 to 50 PSI and then turn off the ½” ball valve. Turn off city water.
7. With the system under pressure, check the whole system for any leaks. A drop in pressure on the pressure gauge
indicates a leak in the system.
8. If there are leaks, open the ball valve on the return line to relive the pressure. Repair any leaks. Repeat the pressure
testing procedures as needed.
9. Return a system to normal when through with the pressure testing. Be sure to open both ball valves and replace the
pressure test “T” assembly with the vacuum breaker.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
PRESSURE TESTING THE HELIOCOL SOLAR SYSTEM - 25
©2014 UMA Solar
15. Operation & Check-out Procedures.
BEFORE YOU RUN WATER THROUGH THE SYSTEM:
1. Allow the cemented fittings adequate time to dry per manufacturer’s directions.
2. Verify that the check valves, control valves, and vacuum breakers are installed properly.
3. Verify that all plastic panel clamps are tight.
4. Pressure test the system as described on page 25.
5. Verify that all anchors are secure and that adequate sealant was used to prevent any roof leaks.
6. Be sure all collector riser tubes are snapped into the spacer bars (except where they go around obstructions).
7. Be sure that collector riser tubes are NOT rubbing on the roof surface between the spacer bars. If they are, adjust the
spacer bars as needed to prevent this or a hole may develop in the riser tube.
8. Be certain that the system will automatically drain down when the pump is shut off or that enough manual drain
valves have been installed.
9. Verify that all pipe runs are properly supported with pipe clamps.
TURNING THE SYSTEM ON
1. Turn the pool pump off.
2. Turn the 3-way valve so the “closed” indicator points toward the pool return side of the valve.
3. Be sure that the 2-way valves on the feed and return lines are open.
4. Turn the pool pump on.
5. Set the pool pump timer, if used, so that the pump will run when the sun is shining on the solar collectors;
usually 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM, but this will vary with geographical location and time of year.
6. When the solar system is running, you should notice:
•
•
•
A slightly higher pressure reading on the pressure gauge.
At midday, if the sun is out, warmer water should be coming into the pool. This water should be 3 to 5 degrees
warmer than the pool temperature. Use the back of your hand to better feel the difference in water temperature.
All the collectors should feel cool to the touch when the sun is on them.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
OPERATING & CHECK OUT PROCEDURES. - 26
15. Operating & Check Out Procedures. - Cont.
7. During the cooler months of the year, it is essential that the pool surface be covered at night with a “pool blanket”
to maintain a comfortable water temperature. Low nighttime temperatures can lower the water temperature more
than the solar can recover during the day.
TURNING THE SYSTEM OFF
1. Turn the pool pump off.
2. Turn the 3-way valve so the “CLOSED” indicator points toward the solar feed side of the valve.
3. If isolating the collectors, close the 2-way valve on the feed line after you are sure all the water has drained out of
the collectors and plumbing.
4. Turn the pool pump on to filter the pool as needed.
That’s all there is to it. You have installed a Heliocol solar pool heating system that has been tested and proven
world-wide for quality and reliability. If you run into any problems with your installation, or have any future
problems, call your Heliocol representative.
BE SURE TO COMPLETE THE PRODUCT REGISTRATION INFORMATION ON THE BACK OF THE WARRANTY AND
REMIND YOUR CUSTOMER TO COMPLETE THE PRODUCT REGISTRATION AT UMASOLAR.COM.
CONGRATULATIONS!
If you have carefully followed the steps in this manual, you now have an efficient, professional looking
Heliocol solar pool heating system.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
OPERATING & CHECK OUT PROCEDURES. - 27
©2014 UMA Solar
16. Troubleshooting.
PROBLEM.
CAUSE
THERE ARE AIR BUBBLES IN THE
POOL WHEN THE SOLAR HEATER IS
OPERATING
1. If the pump is making more noise, there
may be air coming into the pump through
an air leak on the suction side of the pump
due to the pump working harder to move
the water through the solar system.
A. Be sure pump trap lid is on tight.
B. Check the “O” ring on the pump trap lid.
clean, lubricate, or replace as needed.
C. If you have a suction type pool cleaner,
remove it. If this improves the air bubbles,
only use it when not operating the solar.
D. If you have a clear lid on the pump and
can see air bubbles in the trap, run water
over the lid and each joint individually to
see if the air bubbles will clear up using a
garden hose. If there is not a clear lid, listen
to pump noise for a smoother operation,
repair any air leaks.
2. If the vacuum breaker is installed on the
roof, there is not enough water pressure
in the solar system to keep the vacuum
relief valve closed and it is allowing air to
be drawn into the water as it flows by the
valve.
A. Be sure filter is clean. Backwash to reduce
pressure.
B. If it’s an older system, check for debris
or scale in the mouth of the vacuum relief
valve and clean if necessary.
C. Use the (HBV) on the return line to
throttle the flow back to produce more back
pressure on the system.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
SOLUTION
TROUBLESHOOTING - 28
16. Troubleshooting. - Cont.
PROBLEM.
CAUSE
SOME OF THE SOLAR PANELS ARE
WARM TO THE TOUCH WHILE OTHERS
ARE COOL TO THE TOUCH
1. There is not equal flow through all of the
panels. Warm panels indicate low water
flow. Pump issue.
A. Be sure filter is clean. Backwash to reduce
pressure.
B. The pump may not be providing
enough water to the solar system. Check
water flow using a flow meter. Increase
pump horsepower if needed to maintain
recommended flow.
C. If there is a suction type cleaner in
the pool, remove it. If this eliminates the
problem, use it only when the solar system
is off.
1. There is not equal flow through all of the
panels. Warm panels indicate low water
flow. Install issue.
A. If the system is a single row array and
there is adequate flow, use the (HBV) on
the return line to throttle the flow back to
produce more back pressure on the system.
This will even out the flow through the
panels. If the array contains more panels
than the maximum recommended on page
7 of this manual, change the array to a
double row or single row split feed as show
in Fig. 6.2 and 6.3.
B. If the system is a double row or a single
row split feed array and there is adequate
flow, install a ball valve on the return side
of the set of panels that are the coolest to
the throttle. Back the flow through these
panels and force more water through the
warmer panels. If any section of the array
contains more panels than the maximum
recommended on page 9 of the manual,
make changes as needed to correct this.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
SOLUTION
TROUBLESHOOTING. - 29
©2014 UMA Solar
16. Troubleshooting. - Cont.
PROBLEM.
CAUSE
THE AREA LEAKS BETWEEN THE
HEADERS AT THE PLASTIC PANEL
CLAMPS
1. PPC latch is not tight enough to seal the
joint.
Slide the latch farther across the connection
between top and bottom half of the clamp.
2. PPC is not seated squarely in grooves.
Disassemble PPC and verify that the gasket
is seated properly.
1. If it’s a new installation, it may be a
manufacturing defect.
Contact your distributor for warranty repair
information.
2. Riser tubes are rubbing on roof surface.
Contact distributor for a repair kit and adjust
the spacer bars to prevent future damage.
3. Birds or squirrels have damaged the
tubes.
Contact distributor for a repair kit and adjust
the spacer bars to prevent future damage.
THE 3-WAY OR BALL VALVE WILL NOT
TURN
Internal parts need to be lubricated or
replaced.
If the valve has a grease fitting, turn
it clockwise to inject grease into
valve then turn the diverter past the
grease fitting to spread the grease.
If the grease fitting is dry, fill it with
silicone grease. If there is not a fitting,
disassemble valve and lubricate with
silicone grease. Replace worn or
broken parts.
THE AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM IS
NOT WORKING
Various
Consult the manual for the automatic
system you have.
THERE IS A PIN HOLE LEAK IN ONE OF
THE RISER TUBES
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
SOLUTION
TROUBLESHOOTING. - 30
16. Troubleshooting. - Cont.
PROBLEM.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
THE WATER COMING FROM THE SOLAR 1. The water is flowing too fast through the Test the water flow rate. Water flow
SYSTEM IS NOT AS WARM AS IT SHOULD panels.
through a single panel should be less
BE
than 10 gallons per minute. Adjust the
3-way valve to bypass some of the water.
2. Seasonal normal operation.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
In the cooler months of the year, or on
cool, partly cloudy days, temperature
rise through the panels may only be 2° or
3°. Use the back of your hand to feel the
water temperature difference at the pool
return inlet.
TROUBLESHOOTING. - 31
©2014 UMA Solar
17. Repair Procedures.
NOTE: The Heliocol solar collector is a very durable product, but there are a few steps you should take to protect its
longevity.
(1) Try to avoid walking on the collectors. If you cannot avoid it, always wear soft-soled shoes.
(2) Do not install Heliocol collectors during temperatures lower than 35 degrees.
If any of the riser tube in a Heliocol collector should become damaged for any reason, it can be repaired using the (RTK)
repair tool kit and (138) repair plugs. The repair tool kit consists of a 1/4” repair chisel, an insert tool, and a PVC carrying
case. Follow instructions for repair:
1. Utilizing the repair chisel, cut the damaged riser as close as possible to the header carefully avoiding damaging
adjacent riser. (The sloped side of the chisel should face away from the header).
2. Spray the shaft of the insert tool and the rubber insert with silicone spray. Insert the insert tool into the rubber insert.
While holding the rubber insert with one hand and the insert tool with the other, gently stretch the rubber insert. As
you do, push the rubber insert all of the way into the header’s opening. Stretching the rubber insert first allows for
easier insertion into the header.
3. Pull out the rubber insert tool. Using your fingers or channel-lock pliers, push a poly-insert into the rubber insert as
far as you can.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
REPAIR PROCEDURES. - 32
17. Repair Procedures. - Cont.
4. Cut the riser tube to the desired length and slide it over the stub of the poly-insert for a straight, eye-pleasing fit.
5. Repeat steps 1-4 for the other end of the riser tube. (At the opposite header.)
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
REPAIR PROCEDURES. - 33
©2014 UMA Solar
RESIDENTIAL
INSTALLATION MANUAL
HELIOCOL® SOLAR POOL HEATER
Heliocol is the first solar pool collector in the world to achieve the elite status of ISO9001:2000 Certified.
Relatively few manufacturers have the privilege of placing the ISO 9001:2008 emblem on their products. Only
those companies performing at the highest levels in their industries can meet the stringent requirements
specified by this demanding international standard. The technical and engineering expertise of Heliocol
and their relentless pursuit of continuous product improvement have earned them the world renowned ISO
9001:2008 certification. Over the two year process necessary to gain certification, their customer service
record, product failure rate, and engineering processes were all carefully scrutinized and found deserving of
ISO 9001:2008.
The solar energy system described by this manual, when properly installed and maintained, meets or
exceeds the minimum standard established by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC). This
certification does not imply endorsement or warranty of this product by the SRCC.
An Environmentally Safe Product is one that helps to preserve and protect our environment. The Heliocol
Solar System does just that. An average pool in the united States, when heated by a gas heater, will introduce
into our atmosphere 58 tons of C)2 and 108 pounds of NOX over a ten-year period. A Heliocol Solar System
that is cost effective, durable , and worry-free will introduce no such health hazards into our air. Your Heliocol
system will provide you with natural, safe, and free energy year after year.
INSTALLATION MANUAL HELIOCOL ® SOLAR POOL HEATER
©2014 UMA Solar
1404 | Rev. 03
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