Switching Thyristors Qxx40xx Series Datasheet

Switching Thyristors Qxx40xx Series Datasheet
Teccor® brand Thyristors
40 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Qxx40xx Series
RoHS ®
Description
40 Amp bi-directional solid state switch series is designed
for AC switching and phase control applications such as
motor speed and temperature modulation controls, lighting
controls, and static switching relays.
Alternistor type devices only operate in quadrants I, II, & III
and are used in circuits requiring high dv/dt capability.
Features & Benefits
• RoHS Compliant
• Surge capability up to
400A
• Glass – passivated
junctions
• Voltage capability up to
1000V
Agency Approval
Agency
• Electrically isolated
K & J -Packages are UL
recognized for 2500Vrms
Agency File Number
Applications
K & J Packages: E71639
®
Excellent for AC switching and phase control applications
such as heating, lighting, and motor speed controls.
Main Features
Symbol
IT(RMS)
VDRM /VRRM
IGT (Q1)
Value
Unit
40
A
400 to 1000
V
50 to 100
mA
Typical applications are AC solid-state switches, industrial
power tools, exercise equipment, white goods and
commercial appliances.
Alternistor Triacs (no snubber required) are used in
applications with extremely inductive loads requiring
highest commutation performance.
Internally constructed isolated packages are offered for
ease of heat sinking with highest isolation voltage.
Schematic Symbol
MT2
Additional Information
Datasheet
G
MT1
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Resources
Samples
Teccor® brand Thyristors
40 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Absolute Maximum Ratings — Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
Parameter
Qxx40x7
Qxx40xH6
RMS on-state current (full sine wave)
IT(RMS)
ITSM
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
I2t
I2t Value for fusing
TC = 75°C
Value
Unit
40
A
f = 50 Hz
t = 20 ms
335
f = 60 Hz
t = 16.7 ms
400
tp = 8.3 ms
664
A2s
A
di/dt
Critical rate of rise of on-state current
(IG = 2 x IGT, tr ≤ 100 ns)
f = 120 Hz
TJ = 125°C
150
A/μs
IGTM
Peak gate trigger current
tp ≤ 10 μs IGT ≤ IGTM
TJ = 125°C
4
A
PG(AV)
Average gate power dissipation
0.8
W
Storage temperature range
-40 to 150
°C
Operating junction temperature range
-40 to 125
°C
Tstg
TJ
TJ = 125°C
Note: xx = voltage, x = package
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) — Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
Symbol
Test Conditions
IGT
VD = 12V RL = 60 Ω
VGT
Value
Quadrant
VGD
VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 125°C
IH
IT = 400mA
Qxx40xH6
Qxx40K5
Qxx40x7
I – II – III
MAX.
80
50
100
mA
I – II – III
MAX.
1.3
1.3
2.0
V
I – II – III
MIN.
MAX.
400V
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 125°C
dv/dt
600V
800V
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 100°C
Unit
MIN.
0.2
80
75
100
600
500
700
500
475
625
475
400
575
--
500
20
50
1000V
(dv/dt)c
(di/dt)c = 21.6 A/ms TJ = 125°C
MIN.
tgt
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15µs IT = 56.6A(pk)
TYP.
V
30
mA
V/μs
V/µs
5
µs
Static Characteristics
Symbol
Test Conditions
ITM = 56.6A tp = 380 µs
VTM
IDRM
IRRM
VD = VDRM / VRRM
TJ = 25°C
MAX.
Value
Unit
1.8
V
TJ = 25°C
400 –1000V
MAX.
20
μA
TJ = 125°C
400 – 800V
MAX.
5
mA
TJ = 100°C
1000V
MAX.
5
mA
Thermal Resistances
Symbol
Rθ(J-C)
Parameter
Junction to case (AC)
Value
Qxx40KH6
Qxx40K5
Qxx40K7
Qxx40JH6
Qxx40J7
Unit
0.97
°C/W
0.95
Note: xx = voltage
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
40 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Figure 2: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Current for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 1: Definition of Quadrants
ALL POLARITIES ARE REFERENCED TO MT1
+
I GT
GATE
(+)
MT2
I GT
GATE
MT1
I GT
REF
(-)
MT1
REF
QII QI
QIII QIV
MT2
I GT
GATE
(+)
MT1
REF
Ratio of IGT / IGT (TJ = 25°C)
MT2
(-)
4.0
MT2 POSITIVE
(Positive Half Cycle)
+ IGT
MT2
3.0
2.0
1.0
I GT
GATE
0.0
MT1
-
-40
-15
10
REF
MT2 NEGATIVE
(Negative Half Cycle)
35
60
110 +125
85
Junction Temperature -- (°C)
NOTE: Alternistors will not operate in QIV
Note: Alternistors will not operate in QIV
Figure 3: Normalized DC Holding Current
vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 4: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Voltage for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
2.0
Ratio of VGT / VGT (TJ = 25°C)
Ratio of IIH / IIH (TJ = 25°C)
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
110
+ 125
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
-40-
15
10
60
110 +125
85
Junction Temperature - °C
Junction Temperature - °C
Figure 5: Power Dissipation (Typical)
vs. RMS On-State Current
Figure 6: M
aximum Allowable Case Temperature
vs. On-State Current
45
130
40
120
Max Allowable Case Temperature
(TC) - ºC
Average On-State Power Dissipation
[PD (AV)] - Watts
35
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
0
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
32
36
40
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
45
50
Teccor® brand Thyristors
40 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Figure 7: On-State Current vs. On-State Voltage (Typical)
Positive or Negative Instantaneous
On-State Current (iT) - AMPS
90
80
TC = 25ºC
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
Positive or Negative Instantaneous On-State Voltage (vT) - Volts
Figure 8: Surge Peak On-State Current vs. Number of Cycles
Peak Surge (Non-repetitive) On-State Current
(ITSM ) – Amps
1000
Supply Frequency: 60Hz Sinusoidal
Load: Resistive
RMS On-State [IT(RMS)]: Max Rated Value at
Specific Case Temperature
Notes:
1) G
ate control may be lost during and
immediately following surge current interval.
2) Overload may not be repeated until junction
temperature has returned to steady-state
rated value.
100
10
1
1
10
100
1000
Surge Current Duration – Full Cycles
Note: xx = voltage
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
40 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Soldering Parameters
Pb – Free assembly
Pre Heat
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))
150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))
200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 180 secs
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus Temp)
(TL) to peak
5°C/second max
TS(max) to TL - Ramp-up Rate
5°C/second max
Reflow
- Temperature (TL) (Liquidus)
217°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 150 seconds
Peak Temperature (TP)
260+0/-5 °C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)
20 – 40 seconds
Ramp-down Rate
5°C/second max
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)
8 minutes Max.
Do not exceed
280°C
Physical Specifications
Terminal Finish
100% Matte Tin-plated.
Body Material
UL recognized epoxy meeting flammability
classification 94V-0.
Lead Material
Copper Alloy
tP
TP
Temperature
Reflow Condition
Ramp-up
TL
tL
TS(max)
Preheat
TS(min)
25
tS
time to peak temperature
Time
Environmental Specifications
Test
AC Blocking
Temperature Cycling
Temperature/
Humidity
Design Considerations
High Temp Storage
Careful selection of the correct device for the application’s
operating parameters and environment will go a long way
toward extending the operating life of the Thyristor. Good
design practice should limit the maximum continuous
current through the main terminals to 75% of the device
rating. Other ways to ensure long life for a power discrete
semiconductor are proper heat sinking and selection of
voltage ratings for worst case conditions. Overheating,
overvoltage (including dv/dt), and surge currents are
the main killers of semiconductors. Correct mounting,
soldering, and forming of the leads also help protect against
component damage.
Low-Temp Storage
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Ramp-do
Ramp-down
Thermal Shock
Autoclave
Specifications and Conditions
MIL-STD-750, M-1040, Cond A Applied
Peak AC voltage @ 125°C for 1008 hours
MIL-STD-750, M-1051,
100 cycles; -40°C to +150°C; 15-min
dwell-time
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A101
1008 hours; 320V - DC: 85°C; 85%
rel humidity
MIL-STD-750, M-1031,
1008 hours; 150°C
1008 hours; -40°C
MIL-STD-750, M-1056
10 cycles; 0°C to 100°C; 5-min dwelltime at each temperature; 10 sec (max)
transfer time between temperature
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A102
168 hours (121°C at 2 ATMs) and
100% R/H
Resistance to
Solder Heat
MIL-STD-750 Method 2031
Solderability
ANSI/J-STD-002, category 3, Test A
Lead Bend
MIL-STD-750, M-2036 Cond E
Teccor® brand Thyristors
40 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Dimensions — TO-218X (J Package) — Isolated Mounting Tab
C
B
Tc
Measurement
Point
U DIA.
A
MT1
D
Dimension
A
F
E Z
X
W
J
Gate
N
R
T
M
Y
K
S
P
G
MT2
H
L
V
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
Inches
Millimeters
Min
Max
Min
Max
0.810
0.835
20.57
21.21
B
0.610
0.630
15.49
16.00
C
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
D
0.055
0.070
1.40
1.78
E
0.487
0.497
12.37
12.62
16.64
F
0.635
0.655
16.13
G
0.022
0.029
0.56
0.74
H
0.075
0.095
1.91
2.41
J
0.575
0.625
14.61
15.88
K
0.256
0.264
6.50
6.71
L
0.220
0.228
5.58
5.79
M
0.080
0.088
2.03
2.24
N
0.169
0.177
4.29
4.49
P
0.034
0.042
0.86
1.07
R
0.113
0.121
2.87
3.07
S
0.086
0.096
2.18
2.44
T
0.156
0.166
3.96
4.22
U
0.161
0.165
4.10
4.20
V
0.603
0.618
15.31
15.70
W
0.000
0.005
0.00
0.13
X
0.003
0.012
0.07
0.30
Y
0.028
0.032
0.71
0.81
Z
0.085
0.095
2.17
2.42
Min
Max
Min
Max
0.810
0.835
20.57
21.21
Dimensions — TO-218AC (K Package) — Isolated Mounting Tab
TC Measurement Point
Dimension
C
B
D
U (diameter)
A
F
E
W
Gate
J
P
MT1
MT2
M
Q
R
H
G
N
K
L
Note: Maximum torque
to be applied to mounting
tab is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
A
Inches
Millimeters
B
0.610
0.630
15.49
16.00
C
0.178
0.188
4.52
4.78
D
0.055
0.070
1.40
1.78
E
0.487
0.497
12.37
12.62
16.64
F
0.635
0.655
16.13
G
0.022
0.029
0.56
0.74
H
0.075
0.095
1.91
2.41
J
0.575
0.625
14.61
15.88
K
0.211
0.219
5.36
5.56
L
0.422
0.437
10.72
11.10
M
0.058
0.068
1.47
1.73
N
0.045
0.055
1.14
1.40
P
0.095
0.115
2.41
2.92
Q
0.008
0.016
0.20
0.41
R
0.008
0.016
0.20
0.41
U
0.161
0.165
4.10
4.20
W
0.085
0.095
2.17
2.42
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
40 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Product Selector
Part Number
Voltage
Gate Sensitivity Quadrants
IT(RMS)
Type
Package
80mA
40A
Alternistor Triac
TO-218AC
80mA
40A
Alternistor Triac
TO-218X
400V
600V
800V
1000V
I – II – III
Qxx40KH6
X
X
X
X
Qxx40JH6
X
X
X
Qxx40K5
X
X
X
Qxx40K7
X
X
X
Qxx40J7
X
X
X
X
IV
50mA
40A
Alternistor Triac
TO-218AC
100 mA
40A
Alternistor Triac
TO-218AC
100 mA
40A
Alternistor Triac
TO-218X
Note: xx = Voltage
Packing Options
Part Number
Marking
Weight
Packing Mode
Base Quantity
Qxx40KH6TP
Qxx40KH6
4.40g
Tube
250 (25 per tube)
Qxx40JH6TP
Qxx40JH6
5.23g
Tube
250 (25 per tube)
Qxx40K5TP
Qxx40K5
4.40g
Tube
250 (25 per tube)
Qxx40K7TP
Qxx40K7
4.40g
Tube
250 (25 per tube)
Qxx40J7TP
Qxx40J7
5.23g
Tube
250 (25 per tube)
Note: xx = Voltage
Part Numbering System
Part Marking System
Q 60 40 K 7
DEVICE TYPE
Q : Alternistor Triac
VOLTAGE
40 : 400V
60 : 600V
80 : 800V
K0 : 1000V
TO-218 AC - (K Package)
TO-218 X - (J Package)
SENSITIVITY
H6: 80mA (QI, II, III)
7 : 100mA (QI, II, III)
5 : 50mA, (QI, II, III)
PACKAGE TYPE
K : TO-218AC Isolated
J : TO-218X Isolated
Q6040K7
YMLXX
®
CURRENT
40 : 40A
Date Code Marking
Y:Year Code
M: Month Code
L: Location Code
XX: Lot Serial Code
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
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