SURVIVAL G U I D E COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES

SURVIVAL G U I D E COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES
COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES
EMERGENCY
SURVIVAL
G U I D E
SURVIVAL GUIDE
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As a resident of one of the many unincorporated
areas of Los Angeles County, you are an important
part of emergency planning and preparedness.
Unincorporated areas are not part of any city and are
governed by the five-member Board of Supervisors
of the County of Los Angeles. The Board acts as
your “city council” and is responsible for establishing
policies and regulations that affect you and your
neighborhood. The Board also governs the County
Departments that provide services in your area including
recreation, solid waste, planning, law enforcement,
fire fighting, and social programs. The County is
your first responder to disasters such as flood, fire,
earthquake, civil unrest, tsunami, and terrorist attacks.
SURVIVAL GUIDE
This Guide will help you to better prepare for, respond
to and recover from disasters that face Los Angeles
County. Our goal is to provide tips that assist you to be
self-sufficient after a disaster. In addition to this Guide,
we recommend that you increase your awareness of
emergency situations and the skills you need to prepare
your family, neighbors and your community. Become
Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) qualified
and join a local CERT Disaster Response Team. CERT
Teams strengthen the ability of our communities to
quickly recover after major disasters.
This guide is a starting point. For more information on
preparing for disasters, please visit the website
for the County’s Emergency Survival Program (ESP)
at www.espfocus.org or call (323) 980-2260 to receive
free information on how to be prepared for emergencies
and disasters.
1
FIRST DISTRICT
856 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration
500 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, California 90012
Phone: (213) 974-4111
Fax: (213) 613-1739
FIELD OFFICES
EL MONTE
3400 Aerojet Avenue, Suite 240
El Monte, California 91731
Phone: (626) 350-4500
Fax: (626) 448-1573
2
EAST LOS ANGELES
4801 East Third Street
Los Angeles, California 90022
Phone: (323) 881-4601
Fax: (323) 887-7286
SECOND DISTRICT
866 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration
500 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, California 90012
Phone: (213) 974-2222
Fax: (213) 680-3283
FIELD OFFICES
EXPOSITION PARK
Administrative Offices East
700 Exposition Park Drive
Los Angeles, CA 90037
Phone: (213) 741-9292
FLORENCE-FIRESTONE
7807 S. Compton Ave., Rm. 200
Los Angeles, CA 90001
Phone: (323) 586-6523
Fax: (323) 277-9824
LENNOX
4343 Lennox Blvd
Lennox, CA 90304
Phone: (310) 680-8601
3
THIRD DISTRICT
821 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration
500 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Phone: (213) 974-3333
Fax: (213) 625-7360
FIELD OFFICES
SAN FERNANDO VALLEY
DISTRICT OFFICE
14340 Sylvan St., Suite A
Van Nuys, CA 91401
Phone: (818) 901-3831
4
WEST VALLEY & MOUNTAIN
COMMUNITIES DISTRICT OFFICE
26600 Agoura Road, #100
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone: (818) 880-9416
Fax: (818) 880-9346
FOURTH DISTRICT
822 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration
500 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Phone: (213) 974-4444
Fax: (213) 626-6941
FIELD OFFICES
BELLFLOWER
100205 E. Flower Street
Bellflower 90706
Phone: (562) 804-8208
Fax: (562) 804-2746
SIGNAL HILL
1401 E. Willow Street
Signal Hill 90755
Phone: (562) 256-1920
Fax: (562) 490-0549
ROWLAND HEIGHTS
1199 S. Fairway Dr., Suite 111
Walnut, CA 91789
Phone: (909) 594-6561
Fax: (909) 594-1621
TORRANCE
825 Maple Avenue, Room 150
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone: (310) 222-3015
Fax: (310) 300-4058
DOWNEY
7500 E.Imperial Hwy., Rm 105
Downey, CA 90242
Phone: (562) 803-7087
Fax: (562) 803-0613
NORWALK
12720 Norwalk Blvd., 7th Flr
Norwalk, CA 90650
Phone: (562) 806-7350
Fax: (562) 929-9051
SAN PEDRO
505 S. Centre Street
San Pedro, CA 90731
Phone: (310) 519-6021
Fax: (310) 732-7927
5
FIFTH DISTRICT
869 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration
500 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Phone: (213) 974-5555
Fax: (213) 974-1010
Email:[email protected]
FIELD OFFICES
ANTELOPE VALLEY
1113 W. Avenue M-4 Suite A
Palmdale, CA 93551
Phone: (661) 726-3600
Fax: (661) 942-5069
6
SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
615 East Foothill Blvd. Suite A
San Dimas, CA 91773
Phone: (909) 394-2264
Fax: (909) 592-0751
SAN FERNANDO VALLEY
21943 Plummer Street
Chatsworth, CA 91311
Phone: (818) 993-5170
Fax: (818) 993-5764
PASADENA
215 N. Marengo Ave. Suite 120
Pasadena, CA 91101
Phone: (626) 356-5407
Fax: (626) 568-0159
SANTA CLARITA VALLEY
23920 Valencia Blvd. Suite 265
Santa Clarita, CA 91355
Phone: (661) 287-3657
Fax: (661) 254-4453
DISASTERS
IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY
RESPONDING
TO
L
I
L
C
T
J
E
The Los Angeles region is subject to various
destructive emergencies including earthquakes,
flood, landslides, wild fires, tornadoes, urban fires,
tsunamis, hazardous material releases, terrorism,
and civil unrest. Major earthquakes have occurred in
Southern California causing damage to the County
in 1933, 1971, 1987 and 1994. A recent report by a
working group of respected scientists estimates an
86% probability of a magnitude 7.0 or greater earthquake
in southern California over the next 30 years.
Emergency situations become disasters when
they overwhelm the resources here to protect our
community. In a disaster, County departments will
do everything possible to provide assistance to
residents. However, large disasters may completely
overwhelm our responders with multiple incidents and
competing public safety needs. First responders will
need to focus their efforts in the areas where they
can do the most good - helping severely endangered
people and heavily impacted areas first. It is possible,
even likely, that some areas may not get professional
assistance for days after a disaster has occurred.
A major disaster can leave hundreds, possibly
thousands, of people homeless and strain
food, water and shelter resources for all
emergency response and support agencies.
This Guide is intended to help you and your family
survive and recover after a major disaster. Become
familiar with the tips and the resources provided in
this Guide and take steps to keep your family safe.
Chief Executive Office
Office of Emergency Management
7
TABLE OF CONTENTS
8
Survival Guide.........................................................................................1
Responding to Disasters in Los Angeles County.......................................7
Table of Contents....................................................................................8
FOUR STEPS TO PREPAREDNESS....................................................... 11
1. HAVE A PLAN...................................................................................12
Family Emergency Plan.........................................................................12
Ten Essential Actions........................................................................12
Household Communication Plan............................................................13
Household Emergency Contact Information........................................13
Emergency Information.....................................................................14
Out-of-State Emergency Contact Information.....................................14
Fire Escape Plan...................................................................................15
Individuals in Need of Special Assistance..............................................18
Evacuations..........................................................................................19
Shelter-in-Place ...................................................................................19
Evacuation Checklist..........................................................................20
Ten Essential Items............................................................................20
School Safety........................................................................................21
School Closures....................................................................................22
Business Preparedness.........................................................................23
Preparing Your Congregation for Disaster..............................................24
Planning for Water.................................................................................25
Utilities.................................................................................................26
Gas Shut Off.........................................................................................26
Electricity Shut Off................................................................................27
Water Shut Off......................................................................................27
Animal Preparedness............................................................................30
Dogs, Cats and Other Small Animals.....................................................30
Horses and Large Animals.....................................................................31
Animal Evacuation Plan.........................................................................31
Large Animal Shelter-in-Place...............................................................33
2. KEEP SUPPLIES...............................................................................36
Disaster Supply Kits..............................................................................36
Ten Essential Emergency Supplies.........................................................37
Food Supplies.......................................................................................39
Basic First Aid Kit..................................................................................39
Sources of Drinking Water.....................................................................40
Ratios for Purifying Water with Bleach...................................................40
Pet Disaster Supply Kit Checklist...........................................................41
Horse and Large Animal Disaster Supply Kit Checklist...........................42
3. STAY INFORMED..............................................................................43
4. GET INVOLVED.................................................................................46
Neighborhood Networks.......................................................................46
Community Emergency Response Teams - CERT..................................47
! WHEN DISASTER STRIKES.............................................................49
Assess.............................................................................................50
Find Shelter.....................................................................................51
Be Safe............................................................................................52
Get Help...........................................................................................55
Begin Recovery................................................................................58
! HAZARDS........................................................................................61
Wildland Fire....................................................................................61
Storms, Floods & Mudslides.............................................................66
Hazardous & Chemical Materials......................................................70
Earthquakes....................................................................................73
Pandemic Flu...................................................................................77
Terrorism.........................................................................................80
Extreme Weather.............................................................................82
Tsunamis.........................................................................................83
! BASIC FIRST AID.............................................................................86
Choking...........................................................................................87
Head, Back and/or Neck Injuries.......................................................87
Shock & Controlling Bleeding...........................................................88
Applying a Sling to an Arm or Shoulder.............................................89
GLOSSARY...........................................................................................90
TABLE OF CONTENTS
KEEP SUPPLIES (CONTINUED)
9
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W W W.E S P F OC U S.O RG
For more information on topics covered in this Guide,
or to download additional copies, please visit:
W W W.E S P F OC U S.O RG
In case of emergency
DIAL 9-1-1
10
You may be the first person to spot an emergency
and be in a position to notify authorities. This is
best done through the 911 system, preferably using
a landline (such as a home or office telephone)
so your location is accurately recorded.
Never assume that someone else has called 911
when you see an emergency. In fact, the more
people who call 911 to report an emergency,
the better. Each call received may provide
more information than the previous call.
In an emergency large numbers of 911 calls
from cellular telephones may cause significant
delays when trying to reach a 911 operator.
Cellular calls do not always capture your location.
When reporting an emergency on a cellular telephone:
• Give your cellular telephone number
to the 911 operator immediately in
case the call is dropped or lost.
• When asked for your location, report the
location where the incident occurred.
FOUR STEPS TO
PREPAREDNESS
Are you prepared to survive a major earthquake,
tsunami, fire, flood, act of terrorism or other disasters?
The time to start thinking about what to do in an
emergency is before it happens. By following some
simple guidelines you can help prepare your family,
neighborhood, business or school to be better
prepared and self-sufficient after the next disaster.
The County of Los Angeles and each City in the County
maintain formal disaster plans designed to coordinate
emergency services provided by county, state, federal
and volunteer agencies. Every effort will be made
to preserve basic services to unincorporated area
residents of the County, but survival during a disaster
depends on individual and family preparedness.
1. HAVE A
PLAN
Beginning on Page 12
2.KEEP
SUPPLIES
Beginning on Page 36
3.STAY
INFORMED
Beginning on Page 43
4.GET
INVOLVED
Beginning on Page 46
11
HAVE A PLAN
FAMILY EMERGENCY PLAN
A good place to begin emergency preparedness is by
writing a Family Emergency Plan. Your Plan should
include every member of your household – including pets!
10
ESSENTIAL
Actions
1
2
Identify meeting places
• Outside your home
• Outside your neighborhood
3
Select your out-of-state contact
4
Know your evacuation routes
• Exits and alternate ways to leave home
5
Know the location of utility shut-offs
6
Know the emergency policies of schools
and adult-care centers
7
Identify safe spots in each room to take
cover, if needed
8
9
10
12
Learn the threats in your area
•Water
•Gas
•Electricity
• Emergency shelter/supplies
•Transportation
• Under sturdy tables and desks
• Against interior walls
Extra medications
Make special provisions for
•Children
•Seniors
•Pets
• People with disabilities
• Non-English speaking
Schedule annual disaster drills
HAVE A PLAN
HOUSEHOLD COMMUNICATION PLAN
Take time to record important contact
information for members of your household
and your out-of-state contacts.
HOUSEHOLD EMERGENCY CONTACT INFORMATION
Name
Location
Phone
Email
TIP
To use a web-based tool for creating
an emergency plan for your family.
Go to www.Ready.gov
and go to Make a Plan
13
HAVE A PLAN
EMERGENCY INFORMATION
Contacts
Name
Local personal emergency contact
Hospitals near:
Work
School
Home
Family physician(s)
Employer contact and emergency information
School contact and emergency information
Religious/spiritual organization
OUT-OF-STATE EMERGENCY CONTACT INFORMATION
14
Primary Contact
Secondary Contact
Name
Name
Address
Address
Business Phone
Business Phone
Home Phone
Home Phone
Cell Phone
Cell Phone
Email Address
Email Address
Phone Number
HAVE A PLAN
FIRE ESCAPE
PL A N
1. Sit down with your family and make a step-by-step
plan for escaping from your home during a fire.
Draw a diagram of your home.
2. Plan two ways out of every room, especially the
bedrooms.
3. Make sure everyone can unlock all locks and open all
windows and doors quickly.
4. Ensure that safety bars contain the proper device so
that in an emergency, they may be easily unlocked.
5. If you must escape from a second-story window, be
sure you have a safe way to reach the ground. Make
special arrangements for small children and people
with disabilities.
L
For more information on building emergency plans
visit www.fire.lacounty.gov/SafetyPreparedness
15
HAVE A PLAN
16
DIAGRAM ESCAPE ROUTES FROM YOUR HOME
HAVE A PLAN
17
HAVE A PLAN
INDIVIDUALS IN NEED OF ASSISTANCE
Be sure that your Family Emergency Plan
includes the needs of all members of your
household. Consider forming a neighborhood
network to assist in times of emergency.
Individuals in need of unique support may include:
• Elderly
When considering how to prepare
for emergencies, think about the
people in your neighborhood and how
you can work together. The first people
to assist in an emergency are often your
neighbors, friends and co-workers.
• Pregnant women or parents with newborns
NEIGHBORS,
• People unable to leave their residence independently
not professional first responders,
• Non-English-speaking individuals
typically perform 70% of all
rescues in major disasters.
• Temporary or casual workers
• Post-surgery patients
• People with physical, sensory or cognitive disabilities
• Individuals with no access to transport
• People with special dietary needs
All individuals in need of unique support should interpret
an Evacuation Warning as an Evacuation Order and make
arrangements to leave the impacted area immediately.
S
18
For more information on emergency planning
for people with disabilities visit www.
espfocus.org to see the ESP publication
“Stay Safe, Stay in Control”.
FLASH FLOODS
An Evacuation Warning
A flash flood WATCH means flash
flooding is possible in your area.
or Voluntary Evacuation, means that it is time to
prepare to leave your home and the area. Gather your
family, pets, basic needs and important paperwork
and listen for instructions from emergency responders.
If you have special medical needs or have limited
mobility, you should prepare to leave the area when
an Evacuation Warning is issued. Those with horses
or large animals should also begin to evacuate.
An Evacuation Order
or Mandatory Evacuation, is a directive from
the Departments of Sheriff or Fire to leave your
home or business immediately. Failure to follow
an Evacuation Order may result in endangerment
to the lives of others, personal injury, or death.
Once you have left the area you will not be able
to return until the Order has been lifted.
HAVE A PLAN
EVACUATIONS
A flash flood WARNING means a
flash flood is occurring or will occur
very soon.
If you evacuate, remember to leave information
inside your home so others know where
you are planning to go. Be sure to include
your out-of-area contact information.
An Evacuation Shelter
may be set up by the Red Cross at the request of the
County if an area must be evacuated for an extended
amount of time. The location for an evacuation
shelter will be announced by local officials, once a
safety assessment is complete and the shelter is
ready to accept those affected by the evacuation.
Shelter-in-Place
means the best place to be safe is indoors. If
authorities advise you to shelter-in-place you
should turn off air-conditioner and fan units, seal
the gaps around windows and doors and listen to
the radio for authorities to announce the threat has
passed. Do not venture out of your shelter area
until you are instructed that it is safe to do so.
19
HAVE A PLAN
EVACUATION CHECKLIST
10
ESSENTIAL
1
Emergency Supply Kit
2
Out-of-State Contact List
3
Cash and Credit Cards
Items
4
Important Documents
• Social Security card
5
Change of Clothing
6
• For each family member
• Passport
8
Personal Hygiene Items
Baby Items
• Toothbrush & Toothpaste
• Diapers
• Shampoo & Soap
• Lotion
• Kleenex and Toilet Tissue
9
Special Needs Items
• Wheelchair, Canes
& Walkers
• Medications
10
7
Family Photos
• Deodorant
• Hearing Aids
(& extra batteries)
Pet Care Items
• Identification
& Immunization Records
• Carrier or Cage
• Muzzle and Leash
• Food & Water
20
• Drivers License
• Medical card and records
• Insurance information
• Formula
• Food
• Change of clothing
SAFET Y
If you have children attending school in Los Angeles
County it is important for you to obtain a copy of
the school’s disaster plan and include it in your
Family Emergency Plan. The school’s disaster
plan should answer the following questions:
WHO SHOULD I CALL
TO KEEP UPDATED ON
THE STATUS OF
MY CHILD?
q
q
Will my child be sheltered in place during
a wildland fire or other emergency?
q
q
If so, do I know what precautions
my school has taken to ensure
my child’s safety?
q
q
Does the school maintain a parentprovided disaster supply kit for my child?
q
q
If so, have I recently updated its contents?
q
q
Does the school have adequate emergency
supplies on hand to care for my child?
q
q
Will I be able to pick up my child, or send
someone else to pick up my child?
q
q
Will my child be evacuated?
q
q
If so, do I know to what location
my child might be evacuated?
q
q
If my child needs special medications,
can a short-term supply of these
medications be kept at the school nurse’s
office for use during any emergency?
q
q
Is your child’s emergency contact
school information up-to-date?
Name ___________________________________
Phone___________________________________
HAVE A PLAN
SCHOOL
YESNO
21
HAVE A PLAN
PUBLIC SCHOOL CLOSURES
Before School Has Begun for the Day
If one or all schools cannot open due to unsafe
road conditions or other reasons, district
superintendents will declare a school closure
and the school will notify local radio stations to
announce planned closures. If conditions allow,
district personnel including custodians, maintenance,
and office staff will report to work as usual.
Once School Has Begun
Once school has started for the day, students will
remain until the regular dismissal hour or until
students are checked-out by an adult listed on their
emergency card. During bad weather, principals or
other school representatives will remain on campus
until all students have been picked up from school.
Transport coordinators for the school will notify the
principal and superintendent if road conditions in
the area mean that students cannot safely leave. If
an earthquake or other disaster prevents parents
or guardians from picking up students when school
is over, students will be sheltered at the school.
Schools plan for extended stays by keeping food
and other supplies for students and staff onsite.
School Evacuation
If an individual school must be evacuated due to
flooding, fire, or destruction of facilities, students
will be evacuated by school bus or other means
to another district school site. Parents and
guardians will be notified through local radio
station announcements about evacuations and
transfer sites where they can pick up students.
TIP
In an emergency, do not call the school directly.
School lines are used by staff to call for emergency help
and coordinate evacuations. Visit the Los Angeles County
Office of Education’s website at www.lacoe.edu and listen
to KAVL 610 AM, KFI 640 AM OR KHTS 1220 AM
for information on public schools.
22
AT WORK
THINGS TO DO
Recognize potential hazards
and how they can impact
your business operations.
•Earthquake
•Fire
• Power Outage
•Flood
• Water Damage
•Theft
• Security Risk
Begin to prepare a disaster
and continuity plan.
• Emergency Contact list
• Key Contacts
• Vital Records
• Critical equipment
• Identify alternate work locations
3
Stockpile supplies, encourage
employees to keep emergency
supplies at work.
• First Aid
•Food
•Water
•Lighting
•Communications
•Tools
• Hygiene & Sanitation
4
Identify steps you can
take to mitigate potential
building damage.
• Talk to building owner
• Request safety inspections
• Consult Fire Marshal
5
Practice Drop, Cover
and Hold On!
• Under desk
• Under a table
• Away from windows
• Stay low
• Cover neck and head
6
Once the danger has passed
first check for injured
people then look for serious
damages to your building.
• Address life safety issues
• Address outer building safety
• Address internal building safety
• Perform more detailed building assessment
• Have a meeting place
7
Use your plan to resume
business operations.
• Complete a detailed assessment of your vulnerability to hazards
• Communicate with employees and customers about your plan
• Find the resources you need to recover in your community
• Refine your Disaster Plan with Best Practices
1
2
The information on this page is based on "The Seven Steps to an Earthquake Resilient Business" booklet.
Visit www.earthquakecountry.org for the complete Guide.
HAVE A PLAN
PREPARE
23
HAVE A PLAN
PREPARING YOUR CONGREGATION FOR DISASTER
Ensure your place of worship has an updated emergency
plan. Decide how your place of worship will respond in
a major disaster and provide training to your worship
community to help you carry out your plans.
• Identify potential hazards and threats
• Prepare your buildings for a disaster
• Plan for building evacuations
• Train staff in disaster readiness and response
• Prepare to help your congregation after a disaster
• Prepare to help other members of your community
• Set up telephone calling trees
• Appoint leaders to groups of members to keep
the place of worship informed of needs
F
24
For more information on preparedness and a
template disaster plan for faith organizations,
please visit the website for Emergency
Network Los Angeles: www.enla.org.
To prepare the safest and most reliable emergency
supply of water, it is recommended you purchase
commercially bottled water. Keep bottled water in its
original container and do not open it until you need
to use it. Be sure to notice the expiration or “use by” date.
• A normally active person needs to drink at least
two quarts of water each day. Children, nursing
mothers, and others may need more.
• Very hot temperatures can double the amount
of water needed.
• Store at least one gallon per person per day,
for drinking and cooking.
WARNING
The water stored in water
heaters is VERY HOT. Take
HAVE A PLAN
PLANNING FOR WATER
precautions to avoid injury!
X
More information on storing water
and food is available free of charge
in the ESP publication “Family Steps
to Survival” at www.espfocus.org
or by calling (323) 980-2260.
• Store water in thoroughly washed plastic, glass,
or enamel-lined metal containers.
Recycle self-stored water every six months.
Recycle commercially bottled water every 12 months.
TIP
Your hot water heater can be a source of water.
Turn off the power that heats the tank and let it cool.
When you want water, place a container underneath
and open the drain valve on the bottom of the tank.
25
HAVE A PLAN
Think SAFETY and do not take risks.
Walk carefully around your property; look
for downed power wires, water and gas
leaks and damage to the structure(s). Do not
enter severely damaged buildings, especially
alone. Wait for help and use safety gear.
GAS SHUT OFF
26
Learn the location of your gas meter and how to
shut off the supply valve. Do not shut off the gas
supply valve unless you smell or hear gas leaking.
If you have “Natural Gas” (a line from the street)
the main shut-off valve is located next to your meter
on the inlet pipe. Use a wrench and carefully give
it a quarter turn in either direction so that the bar
runs crosswise on the pipe. The line is now closed.
Shut off valves covered with paint should be tapped
gently to break the seal; forcing the valve can
break it. If you have propane (gas in a tank), turn
off the main gas supply valve if it is safe to do so.
To close the valve turn it to the right (clockwise).
UTILITIES
Every responsible member of your household should
know where your electrical switch box is and which
switch controls power to your home. This switch may be
found on the circuit breaker panel or it may be separately
located near the meter.
Remember - do not operate any electrical switches if a
gas leak is suspected. To shut off the electricity to your
home, turn off individual breakers first, then the main
switch. To turn back on, turn on the main switch first,
then individual breakers.
HAVE A PLAN
ELECTRICITY SHUT OFF
WATER SHUT OFF
The water shut off valve is found where the water supply
enters the house. Check with your water company to
determine if a special tool is needed to turn the valve.
Consider installing a turn off valve near your home to
help with leaks or burst pipes inside. Water is essential
for survival but in an emergency, may be limited or
unavailable. Properly stored water is the most important
part of your emergency plan.
27
HAVE A PLAN
28
DIAGRAM THE LOCATION OF YOUR UTILITY SHUT-OFF
VALVES; INCLUDE WATER, ELECTRICAL AND GAS.
HAVE A PLAN
29
HAVE A PLAN
ANIMAL
PREPAREDNESS
Dogs, Cats and Other Small Animals
Whether you are away from home for a day or a
week, you’ll need essential supplies for your pets.
Keep items in an accessible place and store them in
sturdy containers that can be carried easily (duffel
bags, covered trash containers, etc.). Keep nonexpired medications and food ready at all times.
Be Sure All Your Pets are Clearly Identified
TIP
Register your pet’s microchip and keep
the phone number of the data carrier
with your important evacuation papers.
30
• Be sure all dogs and cats are wearing collars
with securely fastened current identification.
• Attach the telephone phone number and
address of your temporary shelter to their collar.
• If you have not identified a temporary shelter,
include the name and numbers of a friend
or relative well outside the impacted area.
Identification microchips are highly
recommended for all pets - and required for
dogs in unincorporated areas of Los Angeles
County. Contact Animal Care & Control at
(562) 728-4882 or your vet for more information.
HAVE A PLAN
HORSES AND LARGE ANIMALS
Emergency preparedness is important for all animals,
but preparedness for horses and large animals is
especially important because of their size and special
transportation needs.
Horses should be evacuated as soon as an EVACUATION
WARNING is issued. Do not wait for the EVACUATION
ORDER. If you are unprepared or wait until the last
minute, you may need to leave your animals behind.
Consider these tips as you prepare your evacuation plan:
ANIMAL EVACUATION PLAN
• Before the emergency, make arrangements to shelter
your animals at two different locations far apart from
each other.
• If you have large animals, evacuate when you hear
the EVACUATION WARNING.
• Train horses to lead and trailer so that they become
comfortable with the process.
• Keep your truck and trailer in safe, working condition
(gas tank full). If you don’t have a truck and trailer,
make arrangements in advance to have someone
evacuate your animals.
• Know who is evacuating your animals. Be sure to
exchange phone numbers, California Drivers License
numbers and other relevant information with the
person evacuating your horse. Know where your
animals will be taken.
• Network with your neighbors prior to an emergency.
Work together to help horse/pet owners on your
street who do not have horse trailers or who are not
home during an emergency.
TIP
Mount fire extinguishers near barn entrances
and around stables for easy access in the
event of a barn fire. Store hay outside the
barn in a dry covered area when possible.
The County of Los Angeles
Department of Animal Care
& Control has an Emergency
Response Program that includes
animal control officers and
volunteers trained to deal with
small and large animals during
an emergency. The Emergency
Response Program has specially
trained and equipped teams
including the Animal Rescue
Field Support, Equine Response
Team (ERT), and Department
Animal Rescue Team (DART).
For more information
visit their website:
www.animalcare.lacounty.gov
31
HAVE A PLAN
RISKS TO ANIMALS AFTER THE
DISASTER
Risks to animals after a fire include burned or cut paws,
eating or inhaling toxic substances or residues, escaping
because of downed fences or other damage, loss of
shelter and shade, and a lack of water supply, power
supply, and other services. Similar risks will be present
after an earthquake or other disaster.
After the crisis has passed, it may be some time before
you can return to your home. Even if your house is intact
and you are allowed to return, the area may not be
safe for your pets. Anticipate visits from inspectors and
workers and make arrangements to provide your pet with
a secure place where they will be safe and out of harms
way.
Keep in mind that when animals return to a changed
landscape, they will be upset, disoriented, and easily
stressed. Try to be calm and follow normal routines
whenever possible.
The ESP Bulletin on
PET PREPAREDNESS
is available free online at
www.espfocus.org
32
Shelter-in-place means providing optimum shelter on
your property for your horses/livestock if you cannot
evacuate. We do not endorse the Shelter-in-Place
strategy for large animals.
If you MUST shelter in place:
Consider having the following items near the horse
corral:
• Fire hose(s)
•Generator
• Multiple shovels placed strategically around property,
axe, hoe, rake, broom, etc.
• DO NOT TURN HORSES LOOSE – they may return
home to a burning barn. Loose horses also cause
serious problems for first responders.
• Multiple ladders extended and placed at both ends of
house and ready for use near the barn
• Maintain adequate clearance – the County Fire
Department now recommends 200 ft. clearance
around your property.
• Hand-held FRS radios (walkie-talkies) and hand held
scanner with spare batteries
• Turn horses into arena with sufficient brush and tree
clearance – Your horse corral should be made with
metal pipes, not PVC or wood.
• Use leather halters not nylon
TIP
HAVE A PLAN
LARGE ANIMAL SHELTER-IN-PLACE
• Portable AM/FM radio with spare batteries
• Masks, goggles, heavy working gloves and bandanas
Post important addresses & telephone
numbers by your telephones in
the house and in the barn.
33
HAVE A PLAN
34
USE THESE PAGES TO PLAN ROUTES AWAY FROM
HAZARDS AND OUT OF YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD.
HAVE A PLAN
35
DISASTER
KEEP SUPPLIES
SUPPLY KITS
Purchase a NOAA Weather Radio for All Hazards, set it
up and learn how to use it. Determine in advance how
you will stay informed about the latest flood and flash
flood watches, warnings, and weather advisories.
A Disaster Supply Kit is any pre-assembled group of
items that will improve the health and safety of your
family during a disaster. Kits can be purchased or be
homemade in a variety of styles and sizes. They can be
as small as a shaving kit for your glove compartment
or as big as a 50-gallon drum for your business. In
general, kits should be easy to carry and as lightweight
as possible. You can have many kits, each suited to a
different purpose.
School
Home
Work
Place of
Worship
36
Car
10
ESSENTIAL
Emergency Supplies
TIP
When purchasing a fire extinguisher the
best type is ABC, which covers combustible,
liquids and electrical fires. Be sure to check
the expiration date on your extinguisher.
1
Water for 3-10 days
(1 gallon per person per day)
2
Food for 3-10 days
(including pet food)
3
First Aid Kit and Instructions
4
Flashlights (and extra batteries)
5
Radio (and extra batteries)
6
Medications
(prescription and non-prescription)
7
Cash and important documents
(small bills and coins, birth certificates,
tax returns, deeds, titles, insurance
papers, medical cards)
8
Clothing and sturdy shoes
9
Tools (wrench, duct tape, fire
extinguisher, sturdy gloves, whistle)
10
KEEP SUPPLIES
At a minimum, your emergency supplies
should include these 10 essential items.
Sanitation and hygiene supplies
37
KEEP SUPPLIES
PERSONALIZE IT!
Include items in your disaster kit that will help your
family be comfortable and self-sufficient after a disaster,
consider adding:
• Camping stove, fuel, pots and pans, aluminum foil,
paper cups, plates & plastic utensils
• Emergency blankets or sleeping bags
• Pet carriers and supplies
• Extra set of car, home, and safe deposit box keys
• List of emergency telephone numbers
• Portable toilet, toilet paper and plastic bags for
human waste
•Compass
• Pens, pencils, paper tablet
• Toys, crayons and books to keep children busy
38
FOOD
SUPPLIES
BASIC
FIRST AID KIT
Be sure to include personal items
that you rely on daily. A basic
first aid kit should include:
• Ready-to-eat canned meats,
fruits and vegetables
• Hydrogen peroxide, Betadine
• Canned juices, milk, soup (if
powdered, store extra water)
• Disposable/sterile burn blankets
• Adhesive tapes
• 4x4 gauze pads (sterile and
non sterile), roller gauze
• Band-Aids (assortment)
• Staples-sugar, salt, pepper
• Ice packs
• High-energy foods such as peanut butter,
jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix
• Triangular bandages, ace bandages
• Food for infants, elderly persons,
or persons on special diets
•Scissors
• Comfort/stress foods in small amounts
such as cookies, hard candy, sweetened
cereals, lollipops, instant coffee, tea bags
KEEP SUPPLIES
Select foods that require no refrigeration
and can be prepared with little or
no water. Select food items that are
compact and lightweight including a
selection of the following foods:
• Eye pads
• Cotton balls/Q-tips/cotton applicators (12 count)
•Tweezers
•Penlight
• Manual can opener
•Thermometer
• All-purpose knife
• Safety pins and sewing needles/thread
• Household liquid bleach to treat drinking water
• Plastic wrap
• Optional: over-the-counter pain
medication and digestive aid
• Re-sealing plastic bags
• Anti-bacterial towelettes
• Blood-stopper compresses
• Burn ointment
• CPR shield
• Tri-biotic ointment
•Earplugs
• Over the counter medications
39
KEEP SUPPLIES
SOURCES OF
DRINKING WATER
In an emergency you can use water already in your
water heater tank, plumbing, and in ice cubes. Do
not use water from the reservoir tank of your toilet.
• Access reserves in the water heater by opening the
spigot at the bottom of the tank, attach a garden
hose and strain the water through a coffee filter or
clean cloth.
• Before you access the water in your plumbing, locate
the water inlet/shutoff valve for house, condominium
or apartment and turn off the water.
• Pools, spas, waterbeds and similar sources of water
can be used for sanitary purposes only. Do not drink
the water from these sources.
40
RATIOS FOR PURIFYING WATER
WITH BLEACH
WATER QUANTITY
BLEACH ADDED
1 Quart
4 Drops
1 Gallon
16 Drops
5 Gallons
1 Teaspoon
After adding bleach, shake or stir the water
container. Let stand 30 minutes before drinking.
Most utilities are only responsible for repairs to their
meters. They will not be able to repair damages
to your pipes or electrical wiring. However, repairs
may be required before utility connection can be
restored. Be patient and wait for the proper clearances
from utility companies and health officials.
PET DISASTER SUPPLY KIT CHECKLIST
q Name tags and phone numbers
for collars and harnesses
q Leashes, harnesses, gloves and carriers
to transport pets safely and securely
q Water and food for 3-10 days
q Supplies like bowls, cat litter and pans, manual
can opener, foil or plastic lids for cans
q 3-10 day supply of medications. Medical
records stored in a waterproof container
q Current photos of your pets in case they get lost
q Information on feeding schedules, medical
conditions, behavior problems, and the name and
number of your veterinarian in case you have to
board your pets. Don’t forget pet beds and toys!
q First Aid kit (including large/small bandages with
elastic tape, scissors, tweezers, Q-tips, antibiotic
ointment, saline eyewash, & hydrogen peroxide)
TIP
Don’t forget to include
identification tags on
carriers, harnesses
and leashes
When you get an Evacuation Warning
gather up small animals and confine
them so they can be crated quickly.
Transport cats in a plastic or wire carrier
only; do not carry in your arms. Cover
the carrier with a light cloth, which will
help keep cats quiet. Remember that
animals may be anxious in an emergency
and be sure to include safety items like
sturdy gloves in your emergency kit.
41
KEEP SUPPLIES
HORSE AND LARGE ANIMAL
DISASTER SUPPLY KIT CHECKLIST
q Halters with identification tags and
lead ropes for each horse.
q Vaccination and identification
forms with current photos.
q Food, feed buckets, and any
medications for 7–10 days.
q Information on feeding schedules, medical
conditions, behavior problems, and the
name and number of your veterinarian in
case you have to board your horse(s).
q First Aid Kit with wraps.
q Duct tape to write identification on horse halters.
q Headlamp light (much better than flashlight
when working with large animals).
TIP
Have your horses
micro-chipped.
42
It is important to know how the
County of Los Angeles will notify
the community before, during and
after an emergency. Here are some
of the ways you can expect to find
important emergency information:
3. COMMERCIAL MEDIA
Emergency information is broadcasted directly
by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department.
For emergency events and conditions of widespread
concern, a broadcast message will be sent to the public
via radio and television stations. You may have already
seen these messages which are voice messages with
text scrolling on the television screen.
Listen to broadcast stations for regional emergency alert
information for Los Angeles County and surrounding
areas. Because power failures are likely in an emergency,
keep at least one battery-powered radio in your
household.
2. ALERT LA COUNTY
Alert LA County is a Community Mass Notification
System that will be used in emergencies to contact
County residents and businesses through phone
messages, text messages and e-mail. To register your
cell phone, voice over IP phone number and e-mail
address go to www.lacounty.gov and click on the link to
“Alert LA County”.
LA County
4. AMATEUR RADIO
Los Angeles County Disaster Communications Service
(DCS) works with ham radio operators throughout
the County to provide reliable emergency
communications. To find out more about DCS,
contact your local Sheriff Station.
STAY INFORMED
1. EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM
5. WEBSITES
Websites like the National Weather Service,
www.nws.noaa.gov, allow you to sign up for web
feeds that are sent directly to your computer. For County
updates after a disaster, go to www.lacounty.info. The
LA County website will list shelter locations and other
essential survival information.
TIP
Remember that your car radio
might be the easiest way to listen
to emergency broadcasts.
Alert.lacounty.gov
43
STAY INFORMED
KFI
640 AM
Los Angeles
KNX
1070 AM
Los Angeles
KFWB
980 AM
Los Angeles
KROQ
106.7 FM
Los Angeles
KHTS
1220 AM
Santa Clarita
KRLA
870 AM
Los Angeles
KCBS
93.1 FM
Los Angeles
KABC
790 AM
Los Angeles
KAVL
610 AM
Antelope Valley
Broadcasters, including television, radio, cable operators,
satellite television and satellite broadcast radio will
transmit emergency alert messages.
Area radio stations monitor emergency broadcasts from
a variety of sources including the L.A. County Emergency
Alert System, NOAA Weather Radio, California Law
Enforcement Radio and Federal Emergency Management
Agency (FEMA) Radio.
44
Go to community meetings.
Talk to your neighbors about
their plans and encourage
them to plan with you.
Agree to help each other when
authorities announce plans
to evacuate your area.
USE THIS PAGE TO RECORD THE LOCATIONS OF COMMUNITY
INFORMATION IN YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD. BE SURE TO INCLUDE
THE LOCATION OF THE NEAREST COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARIES.
STAY INFORMED
TIP
Does your neighborhood have an
emergency plan? Visit www.espfocus.org
for information on the 5-Step Program
for Neighborhood Disaster Planning
45
NEIGHBORHOOD
NETWORKS
Setting up neighborhood networks like Neighborhood
Watch before a disaster can help you get good and
reliable information after a disaster. Organize and
prepare your neighborhood to:
• Care for children and the elderly.
• Care for people with mobility problems or disabilities.
• Rescue household pets.
• Activate phone trees.
• Turn off utilities when a neighbor is absent.
GET INVOLVED
• Take Community Emergency Response Team (CERT)
training.
• Learn First Aid and CPR.
• Become a HAM Radio Operator
• Learn about the resources already in your
neighborhood.
A
TIP
For more information on neighborhood
disaster planning download the
5-Step Neighborhood Action Kit
at www.espfocus.org.
Neighborhood Networks should meet
at least once a year to update rosters,
include new residents and update plans for
working with those with mobility issues.
46
COMMUNITY EMERGENCY
RESPONSE TEAMS - CERT
The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT)
Program trains residents on disaster preparedness
and the hazards that may impact their area. You
will learn basic disaster response skills, such as fire
safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and
disaster medical operations. Using classroom training
and practical exercises, CERT members learn to help
their neighbors and co-workers after a disaster when
professional responders are not immediately available
to help. CERT members are encouraged to support
first responders by becoming leaders in emergency
preparedness in their community
GET INVOLVED
The Fire and Sheriff’s Departments provide CERT
training, but it is important to know that CERT volunteers
do not work for Los Angeles County. Official volunteers
are registered with County departments, cities, local law
enforcement, community based organizations or other
government agencies. In a disaster, CERT volunteers
can have the skills and tools necessary to take care of
themselves, their families, their neighbors and coworkers
and reduce dependence on first responders.
47
CERT training is offered free of charge and participants
have no obligation or commitment to respond or act in
the event of a disaster. In the Los Angeles County Fire
Department’s service area, CERT training partnerships
have delivered training to the following parts of Los
Angeles County.
Unincorporated Areas:
Acton, Baldwin Hills, Castaic, City Terrace, E.
Los Angeles, Florence-Firestone, Hacienda
Heights, Harbor City, Kagel Canyon, Ladera
Heights, La Crescenta/Montrose, Leona Valley,
Rowland Heights, Topanga, Whittier.
Incorporated Cities:
Artesia, Agoura Hills, Bell Gardens, Bradbury, Calabasas,
Carson, Cerritos, Claremont, Commerce, Diamond Bar,
El Monte, Gardena, Hawthorne, Hidden Hills, Inglewood,
La Canada/Flintridge, La Habra, Lakewood, La Mirada,
Lancaster, La Puente, Lawndale, Lomita, Lynwood,
Malibu, Maywood, Norwalk, Palmdale, Palos Verdes
Estates, Paramount, Pico Rivera, Pomona, Rancho Palos
Verdes, Rolling Hills, Rolling Hills Estates, Santa Clarita,
Signal ill, So. El Monte, South Gate, Temple City, West
Hollywood, Westlake Village.
GET INVOLVED
N
www.fire.lacounty.gov or (888) CERT-939.
LOCAL CERT TEAMS
Location
48
For more information on CERT training
and a schedule of classes please visit
Contact Name
Phone/Email Address
WHEN

STRIKES

When disaster strikes you and your family may
be affected in several ways. This may range
from injuries, physical or emotional, to damage
or the loss of property. Remember not to panic
and help those who need extra assistance.
 BE SAFE
DISASTER
ASSESS
Locate and notify family members
of your circumstances.
FIND SHELTER
Proceed cautiously and follow
local safety instructions.
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
Find a safe haven in your home,
with family or at a shelter.
 GET HELP
Get local service availability information
or call 2-1-1 for services.

BEGIN RECOVERY
Contact insurance providers, FEMA
and secure documentation.
49
TIP
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
Program your local Sheriff Station
and Fire Station numbers into your
cellular phone so you are able to call
numbers directly when necessary.
ASSESS
Immediately after a disaster, listen to local media
for advisories and instructions from local officials.
Instructions will vary according to the disaster.
After an earthquake, check for injuries then assess
your building for obvious hazards and dangerous
situations. Once you and your family are safe, activate
your telephone calling tree to locate and notify family
members about your circumstances. Limit your phone
calls to emergencies and necessary notifications
to reduce the strain on the telephone system.
50
First responder agencies will be working to assess
damages throughout the County and determine which
areas are most severely impacted. They will begin to
clear disaster routes so emergency vehicles can get
through to help where they are most needed. Utilities
and transportation routes will be restored more slowly
as they perform assessments and prepare to serve
the needs of residents and emergency responders.
FIND
SHELTER
Find a safe haven in your home,
with family or at a shelter.
When an Evacuation Order has
been issued for your area
• Gather your family, pets, and disaster
supply kit into your car and prepare to leave
your home or business immediately.
• Follow instructions and directions
from Sheriff and Fire personnel.
• Drive carefully and at a normal speed
with your headlights on.
• Keep your car windows rolled up and
turn on air vents to re-circulate.
Evacuating Your Pets
• Choose evacuation locations ahead of time;
you should have at least two options.
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
• Prepare a list of boarding facilities and
veterinarians who can shelter your pets in an
emergency (include 24-hour numbers).
• Contact hotels and motels outside your immediate
area to check policies on accepting pets and
restrictions on number, size, and species.
• Ask friends, relatives and others outside the affected
area if they can shelter your animals.
The Red Cross does not house pets inside shelters.
• If you have more than one pet they may be
more comfortable if kept together, but be
prepared to house them separately.
TIP
Everyone who needs unique assistance should
interpret an Evacuation Warning as an Evacuation
Order and make arrangements to leave their
residence or place of business immediately.
51
BE SAFE
Inspecting your home after a disaster
Natural gas
If you smell gas or hear a hissing or blowing sound,
open a window and leave immediately. Turn off the
main gas valve from the outside, if you can. Call the
gas company from a neighbor’s residence. If you shut
off the gas supply at the main valve, you will need
a professional to turn it back on. Do not smoke or
use oil, gas lanterns, candles, or torches for lighting
inside a damaged home until you are sure there is no
leaking gas or other flammable materials present.
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
Sparks, broken or
frayed wires
Check the electrical system, do not check it if you
are wet, standing in water, or unsure of your safety.
If possible, turn off the electricity at the main fuse
box or circuit breaker. If the situation is unsafe, leave
the building and call for help. Do not turn on the
lights until you are sure they’re safe to use. You may
want to have an electrician inspect your wiring.
Roof, foundation, and
chimney cracks
If it looks like the building may
collapse, leave immediately.
TIP
After an earthquake, be
prepared for aftershocks.
52
HOME SAFETY CHECK
Your Basement
Food and Other Supplies
If your basement has flooded, pump it out gradually
(about one third of the water per day) to avoid
damage. The walls may collapse and the floor
may buckle if the basement is pumped out while
the surrounding ground is still waterlogged.
Throw out all food and other supplies that
you suspect may have become contaminated
or come in to contact with floodwater.
Appliances
If appliances are wet, turn off the electricity at
the main fuse box or circuit breaker. Then, unplug
appliances and let them dry out. Have appliances
checked by a professional before using them again.
Also, have the electrical system checked by an
electrician before turning the power back on.
Water and Sewage Systems
Open Cabinets
Be alert for objects that may fall.
Clean up Household Chemical Spills
Disinfect items that may have been
contaminated by raw sewage, bacteria, or
chemicals. Also clean salvageable items.
Call Your Insurance Agent
Take pictures of damages. Keep good
records of repair and cleaning costs
If pipes are damaged, turn off the main water valve.
Check with local authorities before using any water; the
water could be contaminated. Pump out wells and have
the water tested by authorities before drinking. Do not
flush toilets until you know that sewage lines are intact.
53
COPING WITH
DISASTER-RELATED
STRESS
COMMON REACTIONS TO DISASTERS
Irritability and anger
Fatigue
Loss of appetite
Inability to sleep
Nightmares
Sadness
Headaches
Nausea
Hyperactivity
Lack of concentration
Hyper-alertness
Increase in alcohol or drug consumption
• Talk with someone about your feelings
- anger, sorrow, and other emotions even though it may be difficult.
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
• Seek help from professional counselors
who deal with post-disaster stress.
• Do not hold yourself responsible for the disastrous
event or be frustrated because you feel you
cannot help directly in the rescue work.
• Take steps to promote your own physical and
emotional healing by healthy eating, rest,
exercise, relaxation, and meditation.
• Maintain a normal family and daily
routine, limiting demanding responsibilities
on yourself and your family.
• Spend time with family and friends.
• Use existing support groups of family,
friends, and religious institutions.
• Ensure you are ready for future events by
restocking your disaster supplies kits and
updating your family disaster plan. Doing
these positive actions can be comforting.
54
GET HELP
Issues
Immediate
Life
& Safety
Food and Shelter
People and pet
reunifications
Physical Safety
Public Agencies
Responsibilities
Ensure transportation
routes are operational
Implement public safety
measures
Residents & Businesses
Dial 9-1-1 for
emergencies
Use CERT skills
Finding safe shelter
Restoration of Utilities
Short Term
Care
& Shelter
Crisis counseling
Temporary housing
Rebuilding infrastructure
& Rebuild
Mitigate secondary
damages and effects
Coping with limited
communications
Finding alternate
transportation routes
Coordinate provision of
basic services
Job losses and
unemployment
Issue permits for
rebuilding
Re-establishing with
suppliers and customer
base
Displaced households
Provide information on
available emotional,
financial, and physical
assistance
Loss of housing stock
Transportation issues
Long-term economic
impacts
Streamline permit and
licensing processes
to accommodate high
volume requests
Community identity
Coping with physical and
emotional loss
Convene public forums
and task forces targeting
specific areas of need
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
Restore
Issue health alerts &
warnings
Re-opening businesses
Learning what services
may be available from
organizations like the Red,
Cross, Salvation Army, etc.
Loose or wild animals
Long Term
Issue information on
available resources and
service locations
Restoration of pre-disaster
employment numbers
Rebuilding homes and
businesses
Potential assistance from
government agencies
including Small Business
Administration and the
Federal Emergency
Management Agency
(FEMA)
55
GET HELP
Here are some of the agencies that can make
a difference in your emergency plans and
preparedness in Los Angeles County. Please take
the time to add information for organizations that
serve in your neighborhood and community.
Where can I find information about…
Agency
Contact Information
Emergency planning and preparedness
information for Los Angeles County?
LA County Chief Executive Office, Office
of Emergency Management - Emergency
Survival Program (ESP)
213-974-1166
www.espfocus.org
LA County Fire Department Community
Emergency Response Teams (CERT)
323-890-4132
www.fire.lacounty.gov
LA County Fire Department
323-881-2481
www.fire.lacounty.gov
LA County Sheriff Department
Emergency 911
General Information 323-526-5541
www.lasd.org
Road closures and conditions
in Los Angeles County?
LA County Department of Public Works
800-675 HELP (4357)
www.ladpw.org
Clearing and repairs to County
maintained roads and bridges?
LA County Department of Public Works
Road Maintenance
800-675 HELP (4357)
www.ladpw.org
Building inspections and permits?
LA County Department of Public Works
Building & Safety Division
800-675 HELP (4357)
www.ladpw.org
Flood control and drainage issues?
LA County Department of Public Works
Flood Control
800-675 HELP (4357)
www.ladpw.org
Caltrans
213-897-0383
www.dot.ca.gov
County-provided emergency social
services including CalWORKs, CalFresh,
Medi-Cal, and General Relief programs?
LA County Department of Public Social
Services
866-613-3777
www.ladpss.org
Mental Health services for
disaster victims?
LA County Department of Mental Health
800-854-7771
www.dmh.lacounty.gov
Communicable disease control, preventive
health measures, contamination
control and health inspections.
LA County Department of Public Health
800-427-8700
Community Emergency Response
Team (CERT) training?
Fire Department requirements
for damaged structures?
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
Community and personal
protection issues?
Road closures and conditions
for State Highways?
56
Where can I find information about…
Contact Information
LA County Animal Care and Control
562-940-6898
www.animalcare.lacounty.gov
Schools and school districts
in the County?
LA County Office of Education
www.lacoe.edu
Status of Los Angeles Unified
School District schools?
Los Angeles Unified School District
213 241-4500
www.lausd.k12.ca.us
211 LA County
211
www.211lacounty.org
Southern California Edison
800-684-8123
www.sce.com
Southern California Gas Company
800-655-4555
www.socalgas.com
Poison Control Center
800-222-1222
www.aapcc.org/DNN
Operation Hope
www.operationhope.org
Disaster loan and grant information?
U.S. Small Business Administration
800-659-2955
www.sba.gov
Preparing and planning for disasters?
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
www.ready.gov
Information and services for individuals,
families and businesses needing
disaster recovery assistance?
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
www.disasterhelp.gov
U.S. Geological Survey
www.quake.usgs.gov/recent
National Oceanic Atmospheric
Administration
www.noaa.gov
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
www.epa.gov/ebtpages/emergencies.html
Assistance with injured animals
and information on animals
displaced by a disaster?
Organizations that provide
response and recovery assistance
in the event of a disaster?
Questions or reports about outages?
Information on exposure
to toxic substances?
Emergency Financial First Aid Kit?
Latest earthquake information?
Latest weather information?
Information on environmental disasters?
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
Agency
57
BEGIN RECOVERY
The emotional toll of a disaster from loss of a
business, home, school, job, personal property
or loved ones can be devastating. You may
need help from one of the many human service
agencies such as the Department of Public Social
Services and the Department of Mental Health.
In LA County you can dial 2-1-1 or visit the website
www.211LACounty.org for information and referrals
to over 28,000 agencies and organizations that
provide assistance such as food, water and shelter
after disasters. This service is available 24 hours
a day, 7 days a week and is TTY accessible.
Los Angeles Region Headquarters
11355 Ohio Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90025
(310) 445-9900
Northern Valleys
1501 S Brand Blvd.
Glendale, CA 91204
(818) 243-3121
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
Antelope Valley
2715 E Avenue P.
Palmdale, CA 93550
(661) 267-0650
Greater Long Beach
3150 E 29th St.
Long Beach, CA 90806
(562) 595-6341
San Gabriel Pomona Valley
430 Madeline Dr.
Pasadena, CA 91105
(626) 799-0841
Santa Monica
1450 11th St.
Santa Monica, CA 90401
(310) 394-3773
For Spanish Speakers
Please call (866) 767-8432
58
RedCrossLA.org
PrepareSoCal.org
(800) Red-Cross
Twitter:
@redcrossla
Facebook:
www.facebook.com/redcrossla
RED CROSS MOBILE APPS
DISASTER ASSISTANCE INFORMATION
What is FEMA Disaster Assistance?
Disaster assistance is money or direct assistance to
individuals, families and businesses in an area where
property has been damaged or destroyed and when
losses are not covered by insurance. It is meant to
help with critical expenses that cannot be covered in
other ways. Assistance is not intended to restore your
damaged property to the same condition as before the
disaster. While some housing assistance funds may be
available through the FEMA Individuals and Households
Program, most disaster assistance from the Federal
government is in the form of loans administered by the
United States Small Business Administration (SBA).
FEMA Disaster Assistance is only available if
the President signs a declaration of disaster
How can I get in touch with my family?
The American Red Cross Safe and Well website is
a central location for people in disaster areas in the
Los Angeles and the United States to register their
current status, and for their loved ones to access that
information. It helps provide displaced families with relief
and comfort during a stressful time. The Safe and Well
website is easy to use: If you are currently affected by
a disaster somewhere in the U.S., click List Myself as
Safe and Well, enter your pre-disaster address and phone
number, and select any of the standard message options.
Safe and Well is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a
year and is accessible in both English and Spanish.
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
How do I apply for Disaster Assistance?
There are various services and special programs
that may be available when the President signs a
Disaster Declaration. The phone number to apply for
assistance will be advertised widely following the
disaster; notices will be listed on County websites,
posted at County Libraries and reported by the news
media. Special one-stop centers may also be set up
to help residents find the assistance they need.
59
DISASTER ASSISTANCE
INFORMATION
What if my home is destroyed?
For immediate housing needs, the American Red
Cross and other volunteer agencies set up shelters
for people who cannot return to their homes.
Listen to your radio or watch local media for the
location of the nearest volunteer agency facility.
For health and space reasons pets are not
permitted in public emergency shelters. Contact
your local emergency management office, animal
shelter or humane society for more information
on sheltering pets during and after a disaster.
WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES
For those who have longer-term housing needs,
FEMA may offer several types of assistance
including services and grants to help people repair
their homes and find replacement housing.
60
For long-term assistance after a Presidentially
Declared Disaster, call the FEMA registration
number and apply for FEMA and Small Business
Administration (SBA) assistance programs.
FEMA assistance does not make you whole again,
but it can give you a helping hand while you recover.
Where can I get food and water
following a disaster?
After a disaster, the American Red Cross and other
volunteer agencies will provide food, water and
clothing to the best of their ability. Listen to your
radio or watch local media for distribution locations.
What if I lost my job or can’t work
because of a disaster?
People who lose their jobs because of a disaster may
apply for Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA).
DUA provides weekly benefits to individuals who are
unemployed and not eligible for regular unemployment
insurance compensation. Apply by registering with
FEMA or contacting your local unemployment office.
What if I think I need legal help?
Local non-profit organizations often provide legal
assistance to individuals who have been impacted by
disasters. Also, local members of the American Bar
Association offer free legal counseling to low-income
individuals. You can get more information at a Local
Assistance Center or Disaster Recovery Center that is
set up after the President declares a major disaster.
WILDLAND FIRE
Before the Fire
Red Flag weather conditions mean that humidity is
very low (usually below 15%) and winds exceed
25 mph. When a Red Flag Warning or Alert has been
issued there is a greater possibility for brushfires
to spread rapidly. If you live in an urban-interface
area subject to Red Flag Alerts here are a few tips:
• Park your car heading out and
keep your car keys handy
• Disconnect automatic garage door
openers in case of power failure
Los Angeles County is well known as
one of the world’s great urban centers,
but the county is also home to the
650,000-acre Angeles National Forest
and a large portion of the Santa Monica
Mountains National Recreational
Area. Thousands of homes are
located in foothill communities near
these natural areas, creating unique
challenges for local fire agencies.
• Place your important records and
documents inside your car
• Keep pet carriers handy
• When you leave your home:
- Keep drapes and window coverings open
- Close all interior doors in your home
- Close all windows
- Keep interior lights on
- Move combustible furniture away from windows
and towards the center of the room
g
For more information on building emergency
plans visit www.fire.lacounty.gov.
HAZARDS
61
FIRE HAZARD REDUCTION CHECKLIST
q Remove needles, leaves, or other vegetative
material from the roof of any structure.
q Remove or trim all vegetation a minimum of
ten feet from chimneys or stovepipes.
q Keep landscape clean, remove litter under
trees and shrubs, prune out all dead wood.
q Remove dead and dried portions of
ground covers and succulents.
q Leave space between shrubs and trees to prevent
fire spread. Avoid continuous tree or brush canopies.
q Separate native shrubs by removing adjacent plants.
q Limit the number of specimen trees and
shrubs within 30 feet of any structure.
HAZARDS
q Tree crowns should not overhang the
roof and should be pruned high enough
to avoid ignition by a ground fire.
62
q Within 200 feet of structures consider removing
common garden plants that have proven particularly
flammable due to high brush buildup and foliage
oils such as Cypress, Fountain Grass, large Juniper,
Eucalyptus, Pines, and other Conifers. Many trees
are distributed to the public by the County of
Los Angeles Fire Department each year. These
trees are solely intended for erosion control and
windbreaks, and not for landscape purposes. It
is recommended that these trees be planted a
minimum of 200 feet from any structure and on the
bottom two-thirds of any slope below a structure.
q Give special consideration to problem trees such
as Eucalyptus, Palms and Pines. Remove dead
limbs, litter, dead fronds and loose bark from the
ground as well as from the trunk of these trees.
WILDLAND FIRE
Brush Clearance on Privately Owned Land
• Brush inspections usually begin by the
Los Angeles County Fire Department on May 1st.
• The minimum requirement for brush
clearance is 200 feet from a structure.
• If not cleared, the local fire station will issue
a notice of non-compliance, and the property
owner will be given 30 days in which to
bring the property into compliance.
Brush Clearance on Publicly Owned Land
Brush clearance requirements vary for governmentowned lands, and are not enforced by the
Los Angeles County Fire Department. For
additional information on fire safety, call the
Fire Department’s Community Relations Office
at (323) 881-2411 or your local fire station.
• If still non-compliant, the local fire station
will forward to the Department’s Brush
Clearance Unit for enforcement. (The local
fire station may, at its discretion, issue the
property owner an additional 14-day extension
to bring the property into compliance.)
• If property is turned over to the Brush Clearance
Unit for enforcement, County Agriculture Weed
Abatement Services will clear the property and
include this service cost in the property owner’s
tax bill.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
WILDFIRES
• A total of 23 fires burned from Oct. 20
to Nov. 9, 2007
• 10 confirmed fire-related fatalities
• 139 injured
• 3,204 structures destroyed
(2,233 homes, 5 businesses, 966
outbuildings)
HAZARDS
• 517,267 acres burned
• The fires resulted in the largest evacuation
in California’s history
• There was a high of more than
321,500 mandatory evacuees
63
In case of a house fire, don’t stop
for anything–just get out.
Call the Fire Department from
a neighbor’s telephone after
you are out of the house.
During the Fire
HAZARDS
• Follow your evacuation plan instructions
and the directions from Sheriff and Fire
Department personnel.
• Gather your family, pets and disaster
supply kit and immediately leave your home or
business.
• Drive carefully at a normal speed with your
headlights on.
• Never park your vehicle in a traffic lane or
safety area.
• Keep pets in carriers or on leashes.
TIP
Pre-wetting your home and
surrounding areas will not improve the
safety of your home–and it wastes
valuable time and water resources.
64
WILDLAND FIRE
After the Fire
• Don’t return to your home before the area is declared
to be safe by local officials. Returning home
can be both physically and mentally challenging.
• Assess damage; check that your home is safe
to occupy.
• Before returning home, be sure that utilities
are operational.
• Check with the Department of Public Works at
1-800-675 HELP (4357) or at www.ladpw.org
to find out what roads are damaged.
• Remember, burned hillsides may have trouble
absorbing water after a fire. Monitor burn areas
and be prepared to evacuate if necessary.
For more information on Fire Safety please
visit the Los Angeles County Fire Department
website at www.fire.lacounty.gov.
T
IF YOU LIVE NEAR
A RECENTLY
BURNED AREA…
Flash floods and debris flows may now be a
danger. Once the smoke clears from a wildfire,
the danger is not over! Other hazards, such as
flash floods and debris flows, now become the
focus. Steep mountainsides and hillsides recently
burned by wildfires are particularly susceptible to
flash floods and debris flows during rainstorms.
Just a short period of moderate rainfall on a burn
scar can lead to flash floods and debris flows.
Rainfall that is normally absorbed by vegetation
can run off almost instantly. This causes creeks
and drainage areas to flood much sooner during
a storm, and with more water than normal.
HAZARDS
Additionally, the soils in a burn scar are
highly erodible so flood waters can contain
significant amounts of mud, boulders, and
vegetation. The powerful force of rushing
water, soil, and rock, both within the burned
area and downstream, can destroy culverts,
bridges, roadways, and structures, and can
cause injury or death if care is not taken.
65
STORMS, FLOODS & MUDSLIDES
Los Angeles County contains some of the steepest and
most erosive mountains in the world, the San Gabriels,
with elevations reaching 10,000 feet above sea level.
Below steeply walled canyons lie large coastal plains
with a high population density. When heavy rains come,
there is a significant potential for floods and mudslides.
Before the Flood
1. Assess the safety of your house and
belongings in case of a flood or mudslide.
• Are you near a creek?
• Do you live above or below a steep hillside?
• Do you have to drive over a creek or
bridge to get to a main road?
2. Clean drains and gutters around the house in the
fall before the winter rains come. Check drains on
nearby streets. If blocked, notify the Department
of Public Works at 1-800-675 HELP (4357).
HAZARDS
3. If diversion of water or mud is necessary, plan to
fill sandbags well before the rain starts; sandbags
are available at your local fire stations. Take time
now to find out what fire station serves your
area and learn proper placement of sandbags.
66
4. If you live in a hilly area, maintain all slopes in
a safe manner. Use appropriate plantings, slope
coverage, and drainage channels. For information
on drought and fire-resistant plants, the Fire
Department has a guide to native plants on its
website at www.fire.lacounty.gov/Forestry or
contact the Fire Department at (213) 456-7891.
In 1914, when the population
of the Los Angeles Basin was
about 700,000, a four-day
storm produced more than
19 inches of rain in the San Gabriel
Mountains, resulting in floods
causing $10 million in damage.
Floods in 1938 caused $70 million
in damage in Southern California,
and in 1969, floods caused $400
million in damage and 60 deaths.
TIPS
Have a plan in place before
an evacuation is ordered.
The safest plan is to stay with friends
or family during all rainstorms
in which a flash flood watch or warning
has been declared for your area.
Teach your children to stay away
from all rivers, creeks, arroyos,
drainage control channels and washes.
Teach all family members about the
watch and warning system.
Determine in advance how you will stay
informed about the latest flood and flash
flood watches, warnings, and weather
advisories. Stay Informed for information
on the Emergency Alert System and other
ways to get updated storm information.
Attend community meetings.
Talk to your neighbors about their plans,
and encourage them to plan to get out early.
HAZARDS
67
STORMS, FLOODS & MUDSLIDES
During the Flood
• Do not cross rapidly flowing streams. Stay on one
side until the water recedes. Most streams will go
down in a couple of hours, once it stops raining.
• During a storm, check drainage systems
at your home and driveways to maintain
a safe situation and limit damage.
• Watch for mudslides and adjust
drainage to reduce mudslides.
HAZARDS
• If you notice a major mud slippage either
above or below your house, move your
family to a safe location, notify your
neighbors and call the Department of Public
Works at 1-800-675-HELP (4357).
68
WHEN IT’S
RAINING…
Plan to arrive at your location in a safe neighborhood
before it starts raining and remain there until well
after the storm. Burned logs, boulders, mud and
other debris can create temporary dams which burst
days after the rain has stopped. This could be hours
or sometimes even days after the rain has stopped.
Be particularly alert when driving. Watch the road
for collapsed pavement, mud, fallen rocks, and other
hazards. Bridges may be washed out, and culverts
overtopped. When you see water across a roadway,
there is no way to see whether the road under the
water has been washed away. The water may be
much more deep and powerful than you expect.
STORMS, FLOODS & MUDSLIDES
After the Flood
• Don’t return to your flood-damaged home
before the area is declared to be safe by
law enforcement and health officials.
Sandbags and other barriers
can help divert small mudflows.
Remember, however, that these
small measures may be meaningless
• Assess damage; check hillsides, houses, etc. for
slope movement, settling, and water damage.
to a huge debris flow. The hillsides
• Following a storm, drive slowly and
carefully as many roads may have mud,
debris, holes, and washed-out areas.
next three to seven years.
will gradually stabilize during the
• Check with the Department of Public Works
at 1-800-675 HELP (4357) or at www.ladpw.org to
find out what roads are damaged.
• Remember, many mudslides occur as the soil dries
after an extended wet period, so a mudslide may
take place several days after the rain stops.
• Winter is often the best time to plant
slopes, so make plans and fix any problems
areas before the rainy season begins.
HAZARDS
69
HAZARDOUS
& CHEMICAL MATERIALS
Chemicals are found everywhere. They purify
drinking water, increase crop production, and
simplify household chores. But chemicals also can
be hazardous to humans or the environment, if used
or released improperly. Hazards can occur during
production, storage, transportation, use, or disposal.
You and your community are at risk if a chemical is
used unsafely or released in harmful amounts into
the environment where you live, work, or play.
Hazardous materials come in the form of explosives,
flammable and combustible substances, poisons, and
radioactive materials. These substances are most
often released as a result of transportation accidents
or because of chemical accidents in plants.
IF YOU ARE:
THEN:
• Do so immediately.
• Stay tuned to a radio or television for information on evacuation
routes, temporary shelters, and procedures.
Asked
to evacuate
• Follow the routes recommended by the authorities–shortcuts may not be safe.
• Leave at once.
• If you have time, minimize contamination in the house by closing
all windows, shutting all vents, and turning off attic fans.
• Take pre-assembled disaster supplies.
HAZARDS
• Remember to help your neighbors who may require special
assistance–infants, elderly people and people with disabilities.
• Stay upstream, uphill, and upwind! In general, try to go at least onehalf mile (usually 8-10 city blocks) from the danger area.
Caught
Outside
• Move away from the accident scene and help keep others away.
• Do not walk into or touch any spilled liquids, airborne mists, or condensed
solid chemical deposits. Try not to inhale gases, fumes and smoke.
If possible, cover mouth with a cloth while leaving the area.
• Stay away from accident victims until the hazardous material has been identified.
70
IF YOU ARE:
THEN:
In a motor
vehicle
• Stop and seek shelter in a permanent building. If you must remain in your car,
keep car windows and vents closed and shut off the air conditioner and heater.
• Bring pets inside.
• Close and lock all exterior doors and windows. Close vents,
fireplace dampers, and as many interior doors as possible.
• Turn off air conditioners and ventilation systems. In large buildings, set ventilation
systems to 100 percent recirculation so that no outside air is drawn into the
building. If this is not possible, ventilation systems should be turned off.
Requested
to stay
indoors
• Go into the pre-selected shelter room. This room should be above
ground and have the fewest openings to the outside.
• Seal gaps under doorways and windows with wet
towels or plastic sheeting and duct tape.
• Seal gaps around window and air conditioning units, bathroom
and kitchen exhaust fans, and stove and dryer vents with duct
tape and plastic sheeting, wax paper or aluminum wrap.
• Use material to fill cracks and holes in the room, such as those around pipes.
• If gas or vapors may have entered the building, take shallow breaths through a cloth
or a towel. Avoid eating or drinking any food or water that may be contaminated.
71
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
If you suspect a problem with hazardous materials
follow these important steps and remember RAIN:
Recognize the danger.
Avoid the area.
Isolate the area and keep others away.
Notify authorities…Call 911.
Remember to stay uphill, upwind, and upstream
from suspected hazardous materials.
What is a safe distance?
HAZARDS
There is no one answer to this question. Follow the
“rule of thumb”: look toward the incident, hold your
thumb out in front of you at arm’s length and close
one eye. If you can still see the incident (such as
an overturned tanker truck) on either side of your
thumb, then you are too close. Back away from the
incident until your thumb covers the entire scene.
72
Smoke from fires includes small particles and
gases that can have adverse health effects,
particularly for sensitive individuals. Exercise
caution and avoid unnecessary outdoor activities,
prolonged exertion in smoke impacted areas.
The elderly are more susceptible to the
effects of smoke and dust. Individuals with
asthma should keep their "as needed"
inhalers with them at all times.
Staying indoors can somewhat reduce exposure
to smoke and dust, keep doors and windows
closed and run the air conditioner. Indoor air
filtration devices with HEPA filters can reduce
the level of particles that circulate indoors.
For more detailed information about air quality,
visit www.aqmd.gov or call
1-800-CUT-SMOG (288-7664).
EARTHQUAKES
The time to prepare for an earthquake is NOW…
not next week or after the shock. Protect your family
by taking the actions on the BEFORE Checklist as
soon as you can. It’s a good idea to make copies
of the DURING Checklist and post them by your
house and garage exits and in all your family cars.
Before the Earthquake
• Conduct practice drills with your family and know the
safest locations in your home.
• Learn how to shut off gas, water and electricity; it
may be necessary during an earthquake.
• Check chimneys, roofs, walls, and foundations for
stability – make sure your house is bolted to its
foundation.
• Secure your water heater and major appliances as
well as tall, heavy furniture, hanging plants, mirrors,
and picture frames. Visit www.daretoprepare.org
online for ways to secure your home.
• Decide how and where your family will reunite,
if separated during an earthquake.
• Keep breakables, heavy objects, and flammable or
hazardous liquids such as paints, pest sprays, and
cleaning products in secured cabinets or on lower
shelves.
• Choose an out-of-state friend or relative to contact
so family and friends know your status.
• Participate in organizing your neighborhood to be
self-sufficient after an earthquake.
HAZARDS
• Identify safe spots in each room of your home. Note
sturdy tables, desks, and interior walls. Know your
danger spots: windows, mirrors, hanging objects,
fireplaces, and tall, unsecured furniture.
• Learn First Aid and CPR and put together a First Aid
Kit.
73
EARTHQUAKES
During the Earthquake
• If indoors, stay there. Get under a desk or table
or stand in a corner. Stay away from windows,
bookcases, file cabinets, heavy mirrors, hanging
plants and other heavy objects that could fall.
Watch out for falling plaster and ceiling tiles.
Stay under cover until the shaking stops. Hold
on to your cover – if it moves, move with it.
• If outdoors, get into an open area away from
trees, buildings, walls, and power lines.
• If driving, pull over to the side of the road
and stop. Avoid areas around power lines.
Stay in your car until the shaking is over.
HAZARDS
• If in a crowded public place, do not rush
for the doors. Crouch and cover your head
and neck with your hands and arms.
74
On March 10, 1933 at
5:54 p.m., a magnitude 6.4
earthquake hit the NewportInglewood Fault, causing
serious damage in Long Beach
and other communities.
The earthquake resulted
in 120 deaths and more than
$50 million in property damage.
NORTHRIDGE EARTHQUAKE
At 4:30 am, on January 17, 1994, residents
of the greater Los Angeles area were rudely
awakened by the strong shaking of the Northridge
earthquake. This was the first earthquake to
strike directly under an urban area of the United
States since the 1933 Long Beach earthquake.
The magnitude 6.7 Northridge quake killed 72
people, knocked seven freeways out of service, and
caused $20 billion in damage. Until the destruction
of New Orleans, it was the worst damage ever
inflicted on a U.S. city in most Americans’ lifetimes.
The earthquake occurred on a previously-unknown
blind thrust fault under the mountains north
of Porter Ranch, and produced the strongest
ground motions ever instrumentally recorded in
an urban setting in North America. It raised the
elevation of Oat Mountain, north of the city, by
about 20 inches, scientists later measured.
Damage was wide-spread, sections of major
freeways collapsed, parking structures and office
buildings collapsed, and numerous apartment
buildings suffered irreparable damage. Damage to
wood-frame apartment houses was very widespread
in the San Fernando Valley and Santa Monica areas,
especially to structures with “soft” first floor or
lower-level parking garages. The high accelerations,
both vertical and horizontal, lifted structures off of
their foundations and/or shifted walls laterally.
The Santa Clarita area was cut off from Los
Angeles, as bridges in the Newhall Pass were
brought down by an earthquake for the second
time in 23 years. In the San Fernando Valley,
geysers of water from broken mains swirled
around geysers of flame from broken gas mains.
Tent cities were built in valley parks, and lasted
for a week with overnight temperatures in the
30s, as a cold front moved in to the region.
HAZARDS
75
EARTHQUAKES
After the Earthquake
• Do not attempt to use the telephone unless
there is an immediate, life-threatening emergency.
• If it is safe, check for gas and water leaks,
and broken electrical wiring or sewage lines. If there
is damage, turn the utility off at the source and
immediately report gas leaks to your utility company.
• Stay away from downed power lines
and warn others to stay away.
• Do not attempt to re-light the gas pilot unless
your gas line has been thoroughly inspected.
Call the Gas Company for assistance.
• If you are able to safely do so, check your
building for cracks and damages, including
the roof, chimney, and foundation.
• Turn on your portable radio for
instructions and news reports.
• Cooperate fully with public safety officials and follow
instructions; they are trained to ensure safety.
• Do not use your vehicle unless
there is an emergency.
• Be prepared for aftershocks –
Stay calm and help others.
HAZARDS
• If you evacuate, leave a message at your home telling
family members and others where you can be found.
76
FORT TEJON
EARTHQUAKE
The greatest Southern California
earthquake in modern history
was the Fort Tejon Earthquake
on January 9, 1857 that measured
8.0 on the Richter Scale. Damage
was not nearly as serious as it
would be today, mostly because
Southern California was sparsely
populated. The effects of the
quake were quite dramatic,
even frightening.
If the Fort Tejon shock happened
today, the damage would easily
run into billions of dollars, and the
loss of life would be substantial.
The present-day communities of
Wrightwood and Palmdale lie upon
or near the 1857 rupture area.
DISEASE
OUTBREAK
An outbreak can happen when a disease is new to
a community, been absent for a long time, or has
a population uniquely vulnerable to infection. The
most serious outbreaks occur when people have little
or no immunity, and there is no vaccine to prevent
or medication to treat the illness. A large outbreak
that sweeps across the nation and world is called a
“pandemic.” The disease may spread, cause serious
illness and potentially impact daily community life.
Wherever and whenever a disease outbreak occurs,
neighbors can help neighbors through planning,
preparedness and concern for their community’s health.
Things to remember:
• An outbreak may come and go, or appear repeatedly
in waves over many weeks.
• Everyday life can be disrupted as many people in
many places become seriously ill at the same time.
• Impacts can range from school and business
closings to the interruption of basic services such as
public transportation and food delivery.
• Families, neighborhoods and communities alike may
need to adjust their behavior and social patterns
in order to prevent the spread of disease in their
homes, schools, places of work and neighborhoods.
• Neighbors may need wellness checks so that help
can be given or requested for those in need.
For more information visit: Los Angeles County Public
Health at http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/
• An especially severe disease outbreak could lead to
high levels of illness, hospitalization, death, social
disruption, and economic loss.
77
PANDEMIC FLU
1. You can prepare for an influenza
pandemic now
• Store a two week supply of water and food.
During a pandemic, if you cannot get to a
store, or if stores are out of supplies, it will
be important for you to have extra supplies
on hand. This can be useful in other types
of emergencies such as power outages.
• Periodically check your regular prescription
drugs to ensure a continuous supply
in your home.
• Have any nonprescription drugs and other
health supplies on hand, including pain
relievers, stomach remedies, cough
and cold medicines, fluids with electrolytes,
and vitamins.
• Talk with family members and loved ones
about how they would be cared for if they
got sick, or what will be needed to care
for them in your home.
• Volunteer with local groups to prepare
and assist with emergency response.
HAZARDS
• Get involved in your community as it works
to prepare for an influenza pandemic.
2. To limit the spread of germs and
prevent infection
• Teach your children to wash hands frequently
with soap and water.
• Teach your children to cover coughs
and sneezes with tissues. • Teach your children to stay away from others
as much as possible, if they are sick.
• Stay home from work and school
if you are sick.
78
PANDEMIC FLU
EXAMPLES OF FOOD AND NON-PERISHABLES
EXAMPLES OF MEDICAL, HEALTH,
AND EMERGENCY SUPPLIES
Ready-to-eat canned meats, fish, fruits,
vegetables, beans, and soups
Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose
and blood-pressure monitoring equipment
Protein or fruit bars
Soap and water, or alcohol-based (60-95%) hand wash
Dry cereal or granola
Medicines for fever, such as
acetaminophen or ibuprofen
Peanut butter or nuts
Thermometer
Dried fruit
Anti-diarrhea medication
Crackers
Vitamins
Canned juices
Fluids with electrolytes
Bottled water
Cleansing agent/soap
Canned or jarred baby food and formula
Flashlight
Pet food
Batteries
Other non-perishable items
Portable radio
Manual can opener
Garbage bags
Tissues, toilet paper, disposable diapers
HAZARDS
79
TERRORISM
Devastating acts of terrorism have left many concerned
about the possibility of future incidents in the United
States and their potential impact. They have raised
uncertainty about what might happen next, increasing
stress levels. There are things you can do to prepare
for the unexpected and reduce the stress should
another emergency arise. Taking preparatory action
can reassure you and your children that you can exert
a measure of control even in the face of such events.
What You Can Do
Preparedness includes many of the same steps you will take to prepare
for earthquakes, flooding, fires and other disasters.
jGhCREATE
an emergency communications plan.
jGhESTABLISH
HAZARDS
80
a meeting place.
jGhASSEMBLE
a disaster supplies kit.
What Could Happen
Listen to local authorities
There can be significant numbers of casualties and/
or damage to buildings and infrastructures.
If local authorities ask you to leave your home,
they have a good reason to make this request, and you
should heed the advice immediately. Listen to your
radio or television and follow the instructions of local
emergency officials and keep these simple tips in mind.
Heavy law enforcement involvement at local,
state and federal levels follows a terrorist
attack due to the event's criminal nature.
Health and mental health resources
in the affected communities may be strained
to their limits, even overwhelmed.
Extensive media coverage, strong public fear
and international implications and consequences
can continue for a prolonged period.
Workplaces and schools may be closed, and there may
be restrictions on domestic and international travel.
You and your family or household may have to evacuate
an area, avoiding roads blocked for your safety.
Clean-up may take many months.
Additional Positive Steps
You Can Take
People who may have come into contact with a
biological or chemical agent may need to go through
a decontamination procedure and receive medical
attention. Listen to the advice of local officials on
the radio or television to determine what steps you
will need to take to protect yourself and your family.
As emergency services will likely be overwhelmed,
only call 9-1-1 about life-threatening emergencies.
• If you are advised by local officials
to "shelter in place"
• Remain inside your home or office
and protect yourself there.
• Close and lock all windows and exterior doors.
• Turn off all fans, heating and air
conditioning systems.
• Close the fireplace damper. Get your disaster
supplies kit, and make sure the radio is working.
• Go to an interior room without windows
that's above ground level.
• In the case of a chemical threat, an aboveground location is preferable because some
chemicals are heavier than air, and may seep
into basements even if the windows are closed.
• Using duct tape, seal all cracks around
the door and any vents into the room.
• Keep listening to your radio or television until you
are told all is safe or you are told to evacuate.
• Local officials may call for evacuation in specific
areas at greatest risk in your community.
HAZARDS
Remember that young children watching televised
reports do not realize that it is repeated video footage,
and think the event is happening again and again.
Adults may also need to give themselves a break from
watching disturbing footage. You may want to make
some arrangements to take turns listening to the
news with other adult members of your household.
• Your local authorities will provide you with the most
accurate information specific to an event in your
area. Staying tuned to local radio and television,
and following their instructions is your safest choice.
81
EXTREME
WEATHER
Heat
Cold
When temperatures are high, prolonged sun
exposure may cause dehydration, heat cramps,
heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. Never leave
children, elderly people, or pets unattended in closed
vehicles, even with the windows cracked open.
Every year in LA County there are carbon monoxide
poisonings from a barbeque, stove, or oven used as
a source of warmth. Using central heating, electric
heaters, well-ventilated natural gas heaters or
ventilated fireplaces are safer ways to stay warm.
• Wear light, loose-fitting clothing.
When heating your home:
• Drink water or sports drinks often
and avoid drinking alcohol.
• Offer help to those in your neighborhood with
limited access to air conditioning and transportation,
such as seniors or those who are ill.
• During peak heat hours stay in an air-conditioned
area. Visit public facilities such as shopping
malls, parks, and libraries to stay cool.
• Avoid unnecessary exertion, such as vigorous
exercise during peak sun hours.
HAZARDS
• Stay out of the sun if you do not need
to be in it. When in the sun, wear
a hat, preferably with a wide brim.
82
• Never use a barbeque, stove,
or oven to heat your home.
• Check to make sure heating appliances
are in good working condition before using them.
• Furnaces and fireplaces should be checked
to ensure that chimneys or flues are not
blocked to allow for proper ventilation.
• Install a carbon monoxide detector
in your home to reduce the risk of poisoning.
• If you use an outdoor generator, place it
as far away from the home as possible.
A winter shelter program is available for seniors
and those looking for a place to beat cold weather.
Visit http://www.lahsa.org/year_round_shelter.asp,
or call LA County Information line at 2-1-1
from any landline or cell phone.
TSUNAMIS
A tsunami (seismic sea wave) is a series of extremely
long ocean waves generated by earthquakes, volcanic
eruptions, or massive undersea landslide that displaces
a large mass of water. From the area of the disturbance,
the waves travel outward in all directions, much like
the ripples caused by throwing a rock into a pond.
As the waves approach shallow coastal waters,
they appear normal and the speed decreases.
Then as the tsunami nears the coastline, it may
grow to great height and smash into the shore,
causing great destruction and loss of life.
The time between wave crests may be from
5 to 90 minutes, and the wave speed in the open
ocean may be more than 450 miles per hour.
Tsunamis have reached heights of more than 100 feet.
People who are near the seashore during a strong
earthquake should listen to a radio for a tsunami warning
and be ready to evacuate at once to higher ground.
Tsunamis arrive as a series of successive “crests”
(high water levels) and “troughs” (low water levels).
Rapid changes in the water level may be
an indication of an approaching tsunami.
Tsunamis from both local and distant earthquakes
threaten Southern California coastal communities.
Although our oceans are monitored for developing
tsunamis, when a large earthquake occurs nearby,
the first tsunami wave may reach coastal communities
within a few minutes of the event.
HAZARDS
Stay away from coastal or
low-lying areas. Waves might
continue for several hours
and travel several times faster
than you can walk, run or drive.
83
TSUNAMIS
Local populations at risk must be able to recognize
the signs of impending tsunami hazards and seek
higher ground immediately. While distant-source
tsunamis give residents more time to evacuate
threatened coastal areas, they increase
the need for timely and accurate assessment
of the tsunami hazard to avoid costly false alarms.
Communities need to be aware of what areas
are likely to be flooded. Residents need
to understand the multi-hazard ramifications
of very large local and distant earthquakes
and their disruption to the community.
HAZARDS
More Tsunami preparedness is available
free at www.espfocus.org or www.
tsunami.noaa.gov/prepare.html
84
T
• If you are near the coastline, an earthquake
may be your only warning of an approaching
tsunami, so it is very important to act quickly.
• If you are at the beach and you notice the water
has pulled back or run out, creating a vast
expanse of exposed beach, this is a warning
that a tsunami may be imminent.
• Never go to the beach to watch for or to surf
a tsunami wave!
TSUNAMI WATCH
This means that a significant, distant earthquake
has occurred. Tsunami approach is possible but not
confirmed. Stay tuned to local radio and TV stations
for information. Prepare for a possible Tsunami Warning.
TSUNAMI WARNING
TSUNAMI EVACUATION
Those within the evacuation advisory area should
immediately make their way to higher ground.
Tsunami Safe Areas may be indicated by signs placed
along roads at elevations of 90 feet or more above
sea level. Stay tuned to local radio and TV stations
for information about local evacuation centers.
This means that a tsunami approach has been
confirmed. Stay tuned to local radio and TV stations
for information and be prepared to evacuate,
if advised to do so by local authorities.
85
BASIC FIRST AID
Your first concern after a disaster is your family’s
health and safety. You need to consider possible
safety issues and monitor family health and wellbeing. The following information should be used as
a reminder – sign up for First Aid and CPR training
through your local Red Cross Chapter. Find your
local chapter online at www.redcross.org.
AIDING THE INJURED
Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously
injured persons unless they are in immediate
danger of death or further injury. If you must
move an unconscious person, first stabilize the
neck and back, then call for help immediately.
• If the victim is not breathing, carefully position
the victim for artificial respiration, clear the airway,
and commence mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
• Maintain body temperature with blankets. Be sure
the victim does not become overheated.
BASIC FIRST AID
• Never try to feed liquids to an unconscious person.
86
HEALTH
• Be aware of exhaustion. Don’t try to do too much
at once. Set priorities and pace yourself.
Get enough rest.
• Drink plenty of clean water and eat well.
Wear sturdy work boots and gloves.
• Wash your hands thoroughly with soap
and clean water often when working in debris.
SAFETY ISSUES
• Be aware of new safety issues created by the
disaster. Watch for washed out roads, contaminated
buildings, contaminated water, gas leaks, broken
glass, damaged electrical wiring, and slippery floors.
• Inform local authorities about health and safety
issues, including chemical spills, downed power
lines, washed out roads, smoldering insulation, and
dead animals.
CHOKING
HEAD, BACK AND/OR NECK INJURIES
If the person is unable to speak, cough,
or breathe, call 911. If the problem is
resolved, you can call back and cancel.
1. Identify yourself and ask if you can help the victim.
They can nod “yes” or shake their head “no”.
For Severe Pain or Pressure in the Head, Neck, or Back.
1. Check the scene first to ensure your safety,
and then check the victim.
2. Stand behind the person.
3. Place the thumb side of your fist against
the middle of the abdomen just above the navel.
• Identify yourself and ask the victim
if you can help.
• Apply basic precautions to prevent
disease transmission.
4. Grasp your fist with your other hand.
2. If you think the victim has a head, neck,
or back injury call, or have someone else call, 911.
5. Give quick upward thrusts.
3. Minimize movement of the head, neck, and back.
6. Repeat until the object is coughed up.
Stop if the person becomes unconscious.
• Place your hands on both sides of the victim’s
head and support and maintain the victim’s
head in the position you found it.
• Remember – support the victim’s head
as you find it.
BASIC FIRST AID
• If the head is sharply turned to one side,
do not try to align it.
87
SHOCK
CONTROLLING BLEEDING
1. Check the scene first to ensure your safety,
and then check the victim.
For an Open Wound
1. Check the scene first and then check the victim.
2. Cover the victim and keep her/him lying down. Cover
only enough to keep her/him from losing body heat.
3. Do not give food or water.
4. Raise feet.
5. Obtain medical help as soon as possible.
• Identify yourself and ask the victim if you
can help. Apply basic precautions to prevent
disease transmission.
2. Cover wound with dressing.
• Press firmly against the wound
(direct pressure).
3. Cover the dressing with a roller bandage.
• Tie the knot directly over the wound.
4. Elevate the injured area.
• Keep the wound above the level of the heart
(only when you suspect that a bone
is not broken).
5. If bleeding does not stop:
• Apply additional dressing and bandages.
• Use a pressure point to squeeze
the artery against the bone.
BASIC FIRST AID
• Call or have someone else call 911.
88
APPLYING A SLING TO AN ARM OR SHOULDER
1. Check the scene first and then check the victim.
• Ask the victim if you can help.
• Apply basic precautions to prevent
disease transmission.
2. If the victim is unable to move or use an injured arm,
call or have some else call 911.
3. Support the injured arm above and below the site
of injury.
4. Check for feeling, warmth and color below
the injured area.
5. Place the sling
• Leave the arm in the position you find it.
• Place a triangular bandage under the injured
arm and over the injured shoulder to form
a sling.
6. Tie the ends of the sling at the side of the neck.
• TIP: Place pads of gauze under the knots
to make it more comfortable for the victim.
7. Secure the injured area.
• Secure the arm to the chest with a folded
triangular bandage
8. Recheck for feeling, warmth, and color below
the injured area.
BASIC FIRST AID
89
GLOSSARY
Amateur Radio (HAM) Operator
Amateur radio operator. HAMS are affiliated
with the Sheriff’s Disaster Communications
Service and are part of the emergency
communications network in Los Angeles County.
AWARE
Alert, Well-prepared And Ready for
Emergencies, a guide for creating community
and neighborhood emergency plans. Available
free online at www.espfocus.org.
Board of Supervisors
The five-member Board of Supervisors is the
governing body of the County of Los Angeles.
Created by the state Legislature in 1852, the Board
has executive, legislative and quasi-judicial roles.
Members are elected by voters in their respective
districts and are limited to three four-year terms.
90
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a
procedure used when a patient’s heart stops
beating and breathing stops. It can involve
compressions of the chest or electrical
shocks along with rescue breathing. For more
information on training opportunities, visit your
local Red Cross Chapter www.redcross.org.
Catastrophic Disaster
A disaster that has extraordinary levels of mass
casualties, damages or disruption which severely
affects population, infrastructure, environment,
the economy or government functions
and which requires extraordinary and sustained
levels of resources and skills for recovery.
Communications Plan
A plan that describes how you will
communicate with others after a disaster.
Contact information for members of your
household and your out-of-state contacts.
Brush Clearance
Best practice for creating “defensible space”
for effective fire protection of property, life and
the environment. Los Angeles County Fire Code
outlines minimum standards in the County; more
information is available at www.fire.lacounty.gov.
Contact List
A list of family members, staff and outof state key partners in a crisis. The list
should include home phone numbers, pager
numbers, cell phone numbers, etc.
Community Based Organization (CBO)
Community organizations that provide
assistance to individuals, families,
and special needs populations, before, during
and often after an emergency or disaster.
Critical Records
Records or documents that, if damaged, destroyed,
or lost, would cause considerable inconvenience
and/or would require replacement or recreation
at considerable expense to the organization.
Community Emergency Response Team (CERT)
An all-risk, all-hazard training available to
residents and designed to help you protect
yourself, your family, your neighbors and your
neighborhood in an emergency situation. Training
commitment ranges between 17-24 hours for
the nationally-approved course of instruction.
Disaster Kit
A Disaster Supply Kit is a pre-assembled
group of items that will improve the health
and safety of your family during a disaster.
Disaster Communications Service (DCS)
Los Angeles County ham operators group that works
to provide reliable emergency communications
throughout the County. For more information
about DCS, contact your local Sheriff Station.
Damage Assessment
The process used to appraise or determine the
number of injuries and human loss, damage
to public and private property, and the status
of key facilities and services resulting from a
natural or human-caused disaster or emergency.
Disaster
An unanticipated incident or event, including
natural catastrophes, technological accidents,
or human-caused events, causing widespread
destruction, loss, or distress to an organization
that may result in significant property
damage, multiple injuries, or deaths.
Disaster Recovery
Steps taking during and after an emergency
or disaster intended to restore normalcy.
Recovery typically begins immediately once
the emergency stabilizes. Full recovery from
a major disaster usually takes years.
Disaster Response
Immediately following a disaster, priorities
are protecting life and property, and
meeting human needs such as water,
food, shelter, and medical assistance.
Drop, Cover and Hold On
Protocol that when performed correctly with
an awareness of your surroundings, remains
the most effective single piece of advice that
you can follow when an earthquake occurs.
For more information on Drop, Cover and Hold
On, visit www.earthquakecountry.info.
EarthquakeCountry.info
This website contains information, videos
and animations to help residents prepare
for earthquakes. The handbook Putting Down
Roots in Earthquake Country is available at
www.earthquakecountry.info; a Spanish-language
version can be found at www.terremotos.org.
Emergency
An unforeseen incident or event that happens
unexpectedly and demands immediate action
and intervention to minimize potential losses
to people, property, or profitability.
Emergency Alert System
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) can address
the entire nation on very short notice in case
of a grave threat or national emergency.
Emergency Preparedness
Governments, organizations, and individuals
develop plans to save lives, minimize disaster
damage, and enhance disaster response.
Emergency Survival Program (ESP)
Emergency preparedness information available
free of charge at www.espfocus.org
or by calling (213) 974-1166.
Equine Response Team (ERT)
The Equine Response Team is a volunteer
organization that augments the resources
of the Los Angeles County Department of Animal
Care Control. Its purpose is to assist with
the safe evacuation of livestock during large
and small-scale disasters. The group also works
to educate horse owners on disaster preparedness.
For more information contact the Los Angeles
County Department of Animal Care & Control.
Evacuation
Organized, phased, and supervised
dispersal of people from dangerous
or potentially dangerous areas.
91
Evacuation Routes
Roads and highways identified by law enforcement to
evacuate individuals out of harm’s way
to a safe area or shelter. Evacuation Routes
may be identified verbally during an Evacuation
Order or pre-designated in a written plan.
Evacuation Order
A directive from the Sheriff or Fire departments
to leave your home or business immediately.
Failure to follow an Evacuation Order may result in
endangerment to the lives of others, personal injury,
or death. Once you have left the area you will not
be able to return until the Order has been lifted.
Evacuation Warning
Voluntary Evacuation means that it is time to prepare
to leave your home and the area. Gather your
family, pets, basic necessities and important paper
work and listen for instructions from emergency
responders. If you have special medical needs
or have limited mobility, you should prepare to leave
the area when an Evacuation Warning is issued.
Evacuation Shelter
May be set up by the Red Cross at the request of the
County if an area must be evacuated for an extended
amount of time. The location for an evacuation
shelter will be announced by local officials once
a safety assessment is complete and the shelter
is ready to accept those affected by the evacuation.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Agency of the US government tasked with
Disaster Mitigation, Preparedness, Response
and Recovery planning. Also administers
various grant programs after a disaster.
Fire Escape Plan
A step-by-step plan of your residence that shows
at least two ways to escape in case of fire.
First Aid Kit
A well-stocked first-aid kit, kept within easy reach,
is a necessity in every home. Having supplies
gathered ahead of time will help you handle
an emergency at a moment’s notice. Keep one
first-aid kit in your home and one in each car. Also
be sure to bring a first-aid kit on family vacations.
Flash Flood Watch
A flash flood is possible in your area.
Flash Flood Warning
A flash flood is occurring or will
occur very soon in your area.
Family Emergency Plan
A plan that ensures that each member of your
household is well-informed on potential hazards
and knows what to do in case of an emergency.
Family plans should include: escape routes,
evacuation plans, family communications,
utility shut-offs, safety precautions, pet care
and insurance and vital records information.
FRS Radio
Family Radio Service radios are a relatively
inexpensive means of communicating
in the event of a major disaster when phone
service will likely be interrupted. Using FRS
radios, you can communicate with your immediate
neighborhood to assess damage and injuries
and determine where resources are needed.
Hazard Mitigation
Any action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term
risk to human life and property from natural hazards.
92
Meals Ready to Eat (MRE)
Meals ready to eat are foods that are already
available for consumption. These are packaged food
designed to have a long shelf life. They are also
designed to require very little preparation work.
Therefore, these meals are perfect for emergency
survival preparation such as earthquakes, floods,
hurricanes, tornadoes and other natural disasters.
These rations will be able to sustain individuals
for a period of time until long-term relief aid comes.
Neighborhood Watch
A neighborhood watch (also called a crime
watch or neighborhood crime watch) is an
organized group of citizens devoted to crime and
vandalism prevention within a neighborhood.
Neighborhood Networks
Neighbors coming together before a disaster
to learn about each other and plan for neighborhood
response and recovery after a disaster.
NOAA Weather Radio (MWR) All Hazards
A nationwide network of radio stations broadcasting
continuous weather information directly from
the nearest National Weather Service office.
NWR broadcasts official Weather Service
warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard
information 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Pandemic Flu
A pandemic is a global disease outbreak. A flu
pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus
emerges for which people have little or no
immunity and for which there is no vaccine.
The disease spreads easily person-to-person,
causes serious illness, and can sweep across the
country and around the world in a very short time.
Phone Tree
A list of phone numbers provided to a group;
notification by phone is started by the first person
and continued until everyone has been notified.
RAIN
If you suspect a problem with hazardous
materials; Recognize the danger, Avoid
the area, Isolate the area and keep others away,
Notify authorities – then call 911. Remember
to stay uphill, upwind and upstream.
Red Flag
A Red Flag Warning is a forecast warning issued by
the United States National Weather Service to inform
area firefighting and land management agencies
that conditions are ideal for wildland fire ignition
and propagation. Red Flag Warning means high
fire danger with increased probability of a quickly
spreading vegetation fire in the area within 24 hours.
Shelter-in-Place
Securing and protecting people and assets in the
general area in which a crisis occurs. If authorities
advise you to shelter-in-place you should turn off
air conditioner and fan units, seal the gaps around
windows and doors and listen to the radio for
authorities to announce that the threat has passed.
Do not venture out of your shelter area until you
have been instructed that it is safe to do so.
Small Business Administration (SBA)
SBA provides low interest disaster loans
to homeowners, renters, businesses of all sizes
and private, non-profit organizations to repair
or replace real estate, personal property,
machinery & equipment, inventory and business
assets that have been damaged or destroyed
in a declared disaster. Additionally, SBA provides
economic injury loans (operating capital)
to businesses impacted by a disaster.
93
Survival Area
An area designated for individuals to find refuge
during a large wildland fire. Survival Areas
should be used only if residents cannot evacuate
to a safe area; they are usually safer than
sheltering in a home in highly vegetated areas
and are safer than sheltering in a vehicle.
Unincorporated Area
Communities and areas that are outside the
jurisdictional boundaries of incorporated cities.
As such, they are not serviced by an incorporated
city. County government serves as the “city”
for these areas by providing basic municipal services
such as law enforcement, zoning, building permits,
libraries, parks, recreational programs, street
maintenance, and traffic signals and stop signs.
Vital Records
94
Records of life events including birth certificates,
marriage licenses, and death. Can also include
contracts or agreements that prove ownership
of property, equipment, vehicles, products, etc.
Wildland Fire
A wildfire is any uncontrolled, non-structure fire
that occurs in the wilderness, wildland, or bush.
Wildfires differ from other fires by its extensive size;
the speed at which it spreads out from its original
source; its ability to change direction unexpectedly;
and to jump gaps, such as roads, rivers
and fire breaks. Wildfires generally do not involve
properties; however, with extensive urbanization
of wilderness, they can cause extensive destruction
of homes and other property located in the wildlandurban interface, a zone of transition between
developed areas and undeveloped wilderness.
95
PHOTO CREDITS
Area E CERT Committee
City of Norwalk
City of Whittier Photo Archives courtesy of E.J. Boranian
L.A. County Animal Care & Control Volunteer Equine Response Team
L.A. County Fire Department
L.A. County Health Services
L.A. Sheriff’s Department Disaster Communication Service
L.A. County Office of Emergency Management
DESIGN & LAYOUT
Theresa Argonza,
L.A. County Chief Executive Office - Graphic Arts Section
DISCLAIMER
The content of this booklet is for information purposes
only. The content is not intended to be and should not be
considered legal or professional advice, nor substitute
for obtaining such advice. The user bears all risks
related to the use of this information, which is presented
“as-is” without warranty or indemnity of any kind. The
information presented here may or may not reflect
the most current procedures and should not be solely
relied upon to make decisions of a substantive nature.
96
This document was partially funded under a grant from FEMA’s Grants Programs
Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security via the California Emergency
Management Agency. Points of view or opinions expressed in this document are those
of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of
FEMA’s Grant Programs Directorate or the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
This project was supported by FY07 SHSGP funding awarded by the
California Emergency Management Agency, through FEMA/DHS.
Revised 5/2015
County of Los Angeles
Chief Executive Office
Office of Emergency Management
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