Yanmar | 6BY3-260Z | Specifications | Yanmar 6BY3-260Z Specifications

OPERATION MANUAL
MARINE ENGINES
4BY3-150
4BY3-150Z
4BY3-180
4BY3-180Z
6BY3-220
6BY3-220Z
6BY3-260
6BY3-260Z
en
English
Disclaimers:
All information, illustrations and specifications in this manual are based on the latest
information available at the time of publishing. The illustrations used in this manual
are intended as representative reference views only. Moreover, because of our
continuous product improvement policy, we may modify information, illustrations
and/or specifications to explain and/or exemplify a product, service or maintenance
improvement. We reserve the right to make any change at any time without notice.
Yanmar and
are registered trademarks of YANMAR CO., LTD. in
Japan, the United States and/or other countries.
All Rights Reserved:
No part of this publication may be reproduced or used in any form by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, or
information storage and retrieval systems - without the written permission of
YANMAR CO., LTD.
Model
4BY3-150, 4BY3-150Z, 4BY3-180, 4BY3-180Z
6BY3-220, 6BY3-220Z, 6BY3-260, 6BY3-260Z
Code
0ABY0-G00301
OPERATION MANUAL
All Rights Reserved, Copyright
BY3_OM.book
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TABLE OF
CONTENTS
Page
Introduction..................................................................... 1
Record of Ownership ................................................. 2
Safety............................................................................... 3
Safety Precautions .....................................................
General Information .............................................
Before You Operate.............................................
During Operation and Maintenance.....................
4
4
4
4
Safety Decals ........................................................... 11
Product Overview ......................................................... 13
YANMAR BY3-Series Features and Applications .... 13
New Engine Break In ......................................... 14
Component Identification .........................................
Left Side (as Viewed from Flywheel) - 4BY3 .....
Right Side (as Viewed from Flywheel) - 4BY3...
Top View - 4BY3................................................
Left Side - 6BY3 ................................................
Right Side - 6BY3 ..............................................
Top View - 6BY3................................................
15
15
15
16
16
17
17
Location of Nameplates ........................................... 18
Function of Major Components ................................ 19
Fuses and Relays .................................................... 21
Engine Cover ........................................................... 22
Before You Operate...................................................... 23
Introduction .............................................................. 23
Safety Precautions ................................................... 23
Diesel Fuel ...............................................................
Diesel Fuel Specifications .................................
Filling the Fuel Tank ..........................................
Bleeding the Fuel System..................................
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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24
27
28
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Engine Oil .................................................................
Engine Oil Specifications ...................................
Acceptable Engine Oil........................................
Checking Engine Oil...........................................
Adding Engine Oil ..............................................
28
28
30
33
33
Marine Gear or Stern Drive Oil ................................. 34
Marine Gear Oil Specifications........................... 34
Stern Drive Oil Specifications............................. 34
Power Steering Fluid Specifications ......................... 34
Checking Power Steering Fluid Level ................ 34
Engine Coolant ......................................................... 35
Acceptable Engine Coolant................................ 35
Engine Operation .......................................................... 37
Introduction............................................................... 37
Safety Precautions ................................................... 37
Starting the Engine ................................................... 38
Starting at Low Temperatures............................ 38
Shutting Down the Engine ........................................ 39
Emergency Shut Down ...................................... 39
Checking the Engine After Operation ....................... 39
Periodic Maintenance ................................................... 41
Introduction............................................................... 41
Safety Precautions ................................................... 41
Precautions...............................................................
The Importance of Periodic Maintenance ..........
Performing Periodic Maintenance ......................
The Importance of Daily Checks ........................
Keep a Log of Engine Hours and Daily Checks .
YANMAR Replacement Parts ............................
Tools Required...................................................
Ask Your Authorized YANMAR Marine Dealer
or Distributor For Help........................................
Tightening Fasteners .........................................
EPA Maintenance Requirements .............................
EPA Requirements for USA and Other
Applicable Countries ..........................................
EPA Requirements.............................................
Conditions to Ensure Compliance with EPA
Emission Standards ...........................................
Inspection and Maintenance ..............................
Installation of Exhaust Sampling Port ................
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
44
44
44
45
46
46
Periodic Maintenance Schedule ............................... 47
Inspection and Maintenance of EPA
Emission-Related Parts...................................... 51
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
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Periodic Maintenance Procedures ...........................
Daily Checks......................................................
Visual Checks ....................................................
Checking Diesel Fuel, Engine Oil and Engine
Coolant Levels ...................................................
Checking the Battery Electrolyte Level ..............
Checking the Alarm Indicators...........................
Preparing Fuel, Oil and Coolant in Reserve ......
Checking Power Steering Fluid .........................
Draining the Fuel/Water Separator ....................
After Initial 50 Hours of Operation .....................
Every 50 Hours of Operation .............................
Every 250 Hours of Operation ...........................
Every 500 Hours of Operation ...........................
Every 1000 Hours of Operation .........................
Every 2000 Hours of Operation .........................
51
51
51
52
52
52
52
52
52
53
54
55
60
61
62
Troubleshooting ........................................................... 63
Safety Precautions ................................................... 63
Troubleshooting After Starting ................................. 64
Troubleshooting Information .................................... 65
Troubleshooting Chart..............................................
Starting Trouble .................................................
Smoke Color ......................................................
Vibration - Drive Disengaged.............................
Vibration - Drive Engaged .................................
Engine Knocks...................................................
Low Power Output .............................................
Engine Overheat................................................
Engine Runs Cold..............................................
Coolant Loss......................................................
66
66
67
67
68
68
68
69
69
69
Diagnostic Trouble Codes........................................ 70
Diagnostic Trouble Code Table ......................... 71
Long-Term Storage ...................................................... 75
Prepare Engine for Long-Term Storage................... 75
Draining the Seawater Cooling System ............. 76
Specifications ............................................................... 77
Engine Specifications............................................... 77
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
EPA Warranty USA Only............................................... 81
YANMAR Co., Ltd. Limited Emission Control
System Warranty - USA Only ...................................
Your Warranty Rights and Obligations:..............
Warranty Period: ................................................
Warranty Coverage: ...........................................
Exclusions: .........................................................
Owner’s Responsibility:......................................
Customer Assistance: ........................................
Maintenance Log................................................
iv
81
81
82
82
82
82
83
84
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the world of YANMAR Marine!
YANMAR Marine offers engines, drive
systems and accessories for all types of
boats, from runabouts to sailboats, and
from cruisers to mega yachts. In marine
leisure boating, the worldwide reputation of
YANMAR Marine is second to none. We
design our engines to respect nature. This
means quieter engines, with minimal
vibrations, cleaner than ever. All of our
engines meet applicable regulations,
including emissions, at the time of
manufacture.
To help you enjoy your YANMAR BY3
engine for many years to come, please
follow these recommendations:
• Read and understand this Operation
Manual before you operate the machine
to ensure that you follow safe operating
practices and maintenance procedures.
• Constant efforts are made to improve the
quality and performance of YANMAR
products, so some details included in
this Operation Manual may differ slightly
from your engine. If you have any
questions about these differences,
please contact your authorized
YANMAR marine dealer or distributor.
• The specifications and components
(instrument panel, fuel tank, etc.)
described in this manual may differ from
ones installed on your vessel. Please
refer to the manual provided by the
manufacturer of these components.
• Refer to the YANMAR Limited Warranty
Handbook for a complete warranty
description.
• Keep this Operation Manual in a
convenient place for easy access.
• If this Operation Manual is lost or
damaged, order a new one from your
authorized YANMAR marine dealer or
distributor.
• Make sure this manual is transferred to
subsequent owners. This manual should
be considered a permanent part of the
engine and remain with it.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
1
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INTRODUCTION
RECORD OF OWNERSHIP
Take a few moments to record the information you need when you contact YANMAR for
service, parts or literature.
Engine Model: __________________________________________________________
Engine Serial No.: _______________________________________________________
Date Purchased:_________________________________________________________
Dealer:_________________________________________________________________
Dealer Phone:___________________________________________________________
2
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
SAFETY
YANMAR considers safety of great
importance and recommends that anyone
that comes into close contact with its
products, such as those who install,
operate, maintain or service YANMAR
products, exercise care, common sense
and comply with the safety information in
this manual and on the machine's safety
decals. Keep the labels from becoming
dirty or torn and replace them if they are
lost or damaged. Also, if you need to
replace a part that has a label attached to
it, make sure you order the new part and
label at the same time.
A
This safety alert symbol
appears with most safety
statements. It means
attention, become alert,
your safety is involved!
Please read and abide by
the message that follows
the safety alert symbol.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
DANGER
DANGER indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in minor or moderate injury.
NOTICE
NOTICE indicates a situation which can
cause damage to the machine, personal
property and/or the environment or cause
the equipment to operate improperly.
3
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SAFETY
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
General Information
There is no substitute for common sense
and careful practices. Improper practices
or carelessness can cause burns, cuts,
mutilation, asphyxiation, other bodily injury
or death. This information contains general
safety precautions and guidelines that
must be followed to reduce risk to personal
safety. Special safety precautions are
listed in specific procedures. Read and
understand all of the safety precautions
before operation or performing repairs or
maintenance.
Before You Operate
WARNING
• Never permit anyone to
install or operate the
engine without proper
training.
• Read and understand this Operation
Manual before you operate or service
the engine to ensure that you follow
safe operating practices and
maintenance procedures.
• Safety signs and labels are additional
reminders for safe operating and
maintenance techniques.
• Contact your authorized YANMAR
Marine dealer or distributor for
additional training.
4
During Operation and
Maintenance
DANGER
Crush Hazard
• Never stand under
hoisted engine. If the
hoist mechanism fails,
the engine will fall on
you.
• If the engine needs to be transported
for repair, have a helper assist you
attach it to a hoist and load it on a
truck.
• The engine lifting eyes are engineered
to lift the weight of the marine engine
only. Always use the engine lifting
eyes when lifting the engine.
• Additional equipment is necessary to
lift the marine engine and marine gear
together. Always use lifting
equipment with sufficient capacity to
lift the marine engine.
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
While the engine is
running or the battery is
charging, hydrogen gas is
being produced and can
be easily ignited. Keep the
area around the battery
well-ventilated and keep
sparks, open flames and
any other form of ignition
out of the area.
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SAFETY
12/05
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
• Diesel fuel is flammable
and explosive under
certain conditions.
• Never use a shop rag to catch the
fuel.
• Wipe up all spills immediately.
• Never refuel with the engine running.
• Never use diesel fuel as a cleaning
agent.
• Store any containers containing fuel
or other flammable products in a
well-ventilated area, away from any
combustibles or sources of ignition.
• Never jump-start the engine. Sparks
caused by shorting the battery to the
starter terminals may cause a fire or
explosion. Only use the key switch to
start the engine.
WARNING
Fire Hazard
• Undersized wiring
systems can cause an
electrical fire.
WARNING
Sever Hazard
• Rotating parts can cause
severe injury or death.
Never wear jewelry,
unbuttoned cuffs, ties or
loose fitting clothing and
Always tie long hair back
when working near
moving/rotating parts
such as the flywheel or
PTO shaft. Keep hands,
feet and tools away from
all moving parts. Never
operate the engine
without the guards in
place.
• Before you start the engine make sure
that all bystanders are clear of the
area. Keep children and pets away
while the engine is operating.
• Check the engine that any tools or
shop rags used during maintenance
have been removed from the area.
WARNING
Alcohol and Drug Hazard
Never operate the engine
while under the influence
of alcohol or drugs or
feeling ill.
• Store any equipment in a designated
area away from moving parts.
• Never use the engine compartment
for storage.
WARNING
Exposure Hazard
Always wear personal
protective equipment
including appropriate
clothing, gloves, work
shoes, eye and hearing
protection as required by
the task at hand.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
5
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SAFETY
WARNING
Entanglement Hazard
• Never leave the key in
the key switch when you
are servicing the engine.
Someone may
accidentally start the
engine and not realize
you are servicing it.
• Never operate the engine while
wearing a headset to listen to music
or radio because it will be difficult to
hear the warning signals.
WARNING
Piercing Hazard
• Avoid skin contact with
high-pressure diesel fuel
spray caused by a fuel
system leak such as a
broken fuel injection
line. High-pressure fuel
can penetrate your skin
and result in serious
injury. If you are exposed
to high-pressure fuel
spray, obtain prompt
medical treatment.
WARNING
Burn Hazard
Some of the engine
surfaces become very hot
during operation and
shortly after shut-down.
Keep hands and other
body parts away from hot
engine surfaces.
WARNING
Sudden Movement Hazard
• Always stop the engine before
beginning service.
• Be sure the boat is in open water
away from other boats, docks or other
obstructions before increasing
engine speed. Avoid unexpected
equipment movement. Shift the
marine gear into the NEUTRAL
position any time the engine is at idle.
• To prevent accidental equipment
movement, Never start the engine in
gear.
• Never check for a fuel leak with your
hands. Always use a piece of wood or
cardboard. Contact your authorized
YANMAR Marine dealer or distributor
repair the damage.
6
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SAFETY
12/05
WARNING
Exhaust Hazard
• Never block windows,
vents or other means of
ventilation if the engine is
operating in an enclosed
area. All internal
combustion engines
create carbon monoxide
gas during operation and
special precautions are
required to avoid carbon
monoxide poisoning.
• Always ensure that all connections
are tightened to specifications after
repair is made to the exhaust system.
All internal combustion engines
create carbon monoxide gas during
operation and special precautions are
required to avoid carbon monoxide
poisoning.
WARNING
Welding Hazard
• Always turn off the battery switch (if
equipped) or disconnect the negative
battery cable and the leads to the
alternator when welding on the
equipment.
• Remove the engine control unit
multi-pin connector. Connect the weld
clamp to the component to be welded
and as close as possible to the
welding point.
• Never connect the weld clamp to the
engine or in a manner which would
allow current to pass through a
mounting bracket.
WARNING
Shock Hazard
• Always turn off the
battery switch (if
equipped) or disconnect
the negative battery
cable before servicing
the equipment.
• Always keep the electrical connectors
and terminals clean. Check the
electrical harnesses for cracks,
abrasions, and damaged or corroded
connectors.
• Never use undersized wiring for the
electrical system.
WARNING
Never remove the coolant filler cap if
the engine is hot. Steam and hot engine
coolant will spray out and seriously
burn you. Allow the engine to cool
down before you attempt to remove the
cap.
CAUTION
Poor Lighting Hazard
Ensure that the work area is adequately
illuminated. Always install wire cages
on portable safety lamps.
CAUTION
Tool Hazard
Always use tools appropriate for the
task at hand and use the correct size
tool for loosening or tightening
machine parts.
• When welding is completed,
reconnect the alternator and engine
control unit prior to reconnecting the
batteries.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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SAFETY
CAUTION
Flying Object Hazard
Always wear eye protection when
servicing the engine or when using
compressed air or high-pressure water.
Dust, flying debris, compressed air,
pressurized water or steam may injure
your eyes.
CAUTION
Coolant Hazard
Wear eye protection and
rubber gloves when you
handle Long Life engine
coolant. If contact with the
eyes or skin should occur,
flush eyes and wash
immediately with clean
water.
CAUTION
• Do not drain the coolant system. A
full coolant system will prevent
corrosion and frost damage.
• If seawater is left inside of the engine,
it may freeze and damage parts of the
cooling system when the ambient
temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F).
NOTICE
It is important to perform daily checks as
listed in the Operation Manual. Periodic
maintenance prevents unexpected
downtime, reduces the number of
accidents due to poor engine performance
and helps extend the life of the engine.
8
NOTICE
Contact your authorized YANMAR Marine
dealer or distributor if you need to operate
the engine at high altitudes. At high
altitudes the engine will lose power, run
rough and produce exhaust gases that
exceed the design specifications.
NOTICE
Always be environmentally
responsible.
Follow the guidelines of the EPA or other
governmental agencies for the proper
disposal of hazardous materials such as
engine oil, diesel fuel and engine coolant.
Consult the local authorities or reclamation
facility.
NOTICE
Never dispose of hazardous materials by
dumping them into a sewer, on the ground
or into ground water or waterways.
NOTICE
If a YANMAR Marine Engine is installed at
an angle that exceeds the specifications
stated in the YANMAR Marine Installation
manuals, engine oil may enter the
combustion chamber causing excessive
engine speed, white smoke and serious
engine damage. This applies to engines
that run continuously or those that run for
short periods of time.
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SAFETY
12/05
NOTICE
NOTICE
If you have an installation with two or three
engines, and only one engine is operating,
please note that if the propeller shaft
thru-hull (stuffing box) is lubricated by
engine water pressure and the engines are
interconnected, care must be taken that
water from the running engine does not
enter the exhaust of the non-running
engine(s). This water could cause seizure
of the non-running engine(s). Contact your
authorized YANMAR Marine dealer or
distributor for a complete explanation of
this condition.
New Engine Break In: On the initial engine
start-up, check for proper engine oil
pressure, diesel fuel leaks, engine oil
leaks, coolant leaks, and for proper
operation of the indicators and/or gauges.
During the first 50 hours of operation
operate your new engine under a
substantial load at all times. For best
break-in results operate the engine at
various speeds. Operating the engine in
NEUTRAL must be avoided. During the
first 50 hours, avoid operation below
2000 min-1. During the break-in period,
carefully observe the engine oil pressure
and engine temperature. During the
break-in period, check the engine oil and
coolant levels frequently.
NOTICE
If you have an installation with two or three
engines, and only one engine is operating,
the water pickup (thru-hull) of the
non-running engine(s) should be closed.
This will prevent water from being forced
past the seawater pump and eventually
finding its way into the engine. The result
of water entering the engine could cause
seizure or other serious problems.
NOTICE
NOTICE
If any indicator illuminates during engine
operation, stop the engine immediately.
Determine the cause and repair the
problem before you continue to operate
the engine. Contact your authorized
YANMAR Marine dealer or distributor for
service before operating the engine.
If you have an installation with two or three
engines, and only one engine is operating,
it is important to limit the amount of throttle
applied to the running engine. If you
observe black smoke or movement of the
throttle does not increase engine speed,
you are overloading the engine that is
running. Immediately throttle back to
approximately 2/3 throttle or to a setting
where the engine performs normally.
Failure to do so may cause the running
engine to overheat or cause excess
carbon buildup which may shorten the
engine's life.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
9
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SAFETY
NOTICE
Observe the following environmental
operating conditions to maintain engine
performance and avoid premature engine
wear:
• Avoid operating in extremely dusty
conditions.
NOTICE
Modifications may impair the engine’s
safety and performance characteristics
and shorten the engine’s life. Any
alterations to this engine may void its
warranty. Be sure to use YANMAR
genuine replacement parts.
• Avoid operating in the presence of
chemical gases or fumes.
• Never run the engine if the ambient
temperature is above +40 °C (+104 °F)
or below -16 °C (+3 °F).
• If the ambient temperature exceeds
+40 °C (+104 °F), the engine may
overheat and cause the engine oil to
break down.
• If the ambient temperature is below
-16 °C (+3 °F), rubber components such
as gaskets and seals will harden causing
premature engine wear and damage.
• Contact your authorized YANMAR
Marine engine dealer or distributor if the
engine will be operated outside of this
standard temperature range.
NOTICE
Never engage the starter motor while the
engine is running. Damage to the starter
motor pinion and/or ring gear will result.
NOTICE
Any part which is found defective as a
result of inspection, or any part whose
measured value does not satisfy the
standard or limit, must be replaced.
10
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SAFETY
12/05
SAFETY DECALS
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
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SAFETY
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
04-Product_Overview.fm
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
YANMAR BY3-SERIES
FEATURES AND
APPLICATIONS
These engines are designed for pleasure
craft use.
The engine must be installed correctly with
coolant lines, exhaust gas lines and
electrical wiring. Any auxiliary equipment
attached to the engine should be easy to
use and accessible for service. To handle
the drive equipment, propulsion systems
(including the propeller) and other
on-board equipment, always observe the
instructions and cautions given in the
operation manuals supplied by the
shipyard and equipment manufacturers.
It is recommended that new vessels be
propped so the engines can operate at 50
to 100 min-1 above the fuel stop power
engine speed to allow for some added
weight and hull resistance.
The BY3 series engines are designed to
be operated at maximum throttle (4000
min-1) for less than 5 % of total engine time
(30 minutes out of every 10 hours) and
cruising speed (3600 - 3700 min-1 or less).
Failure to do so can lead to reduced vessel
performance, lead to increased smoke
levels and cause permanent damage to
your engine.
The laws of some countries may require
hull and engine inspections, depending on
the use, size and cruising area of the boat.
The installation, fitting and surveying of
this engine all require specialized
knowledge and engineering skills. See
YANMARs local subsidiary in your region
or your authorized YANMAR Marine dealer
or distributor.
The BY3-series engines are in-line 4- and
6-cylinder direct injection diesel engines.
The engines are turbocharged and
equipped with a liquid cooling system.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
New Engine Break In
As with all reciprocating engines, the way
your engine is operated during its first 50
hours of operation plays a very significant
role in determining how long it will last and
how well the engine will perform over its
lifetime.
A new YANMAR diesel engine must be
operated at suitable speeds and power
settings during the break-in period to make
the sliding parts, such as piston rings,
break-in properly and to stabilize engine
combustion.
During the break-in period, carefully
observe the engine oil pressure and
engine temperature.
During the first 10 hours of operation, the
engine should be run at maximum engine
speed minus 400 to 500 min-1
(approximately 60 to 70 % of load) most of
the time. This will ensure the sliding parts
break in properly. During this period, avoid
operating at maximum engine speed and
load to avoid damaging or scoring sliding
parts.
NOTICE
Do not operate at WOT (wide open
throttle) for more than a minute at a time
during the first 10 hours of operation.
Do not operate the engine at low idle or at
low speed and light load for more than 30
minutes at a time. Since unburned fuel and
engine oil will adhere to the piston rings
when operating at low speeds for long
periods, this will interfere with proper
movement of the rings and the engine oil
consumption may increase. Low idle
speed does not allow break-in of sliding
parts.
14
If operating engine at low speed and light
load, you must race the engine to clean the
carbon from the cylinders and fuel injection
valve.
Perform this procedure in open waters:
• With the clutch in NEUTRAL, accelerate
from the low-speed position to the
high-speed position briefly.
• Repeat this process five times.
Once past the initial 10 hours until 50
hours, the engine should be used over its
full operating range, with special emphasis
on running at relatively high power
settings. This is not the time for an
extended cruise at idle or low speed. The
boat should be run at maximum speed
minus 400 min-1 most of the time
(approximately 70 % load), with a 10
minute run at maximum minus 200 min-1
(approximately 80 % load) every
30 minutes and a 4 to 5 minute period of
operation at WOT (wide open throttle)
once each 30 minutes. During this period,
be sure not to operate your engine at low
speed and light load for more than 30
minutes. If operating engine at low speed
and light load by necessity, just after the
low idle operation, be sure to race the
engine.
To complete engine break-in, perform
After Initial 50 Hours of Operation
maintenance procedures. See After Initial
50 Hours of Operation on page 53.
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
COMPONENT
IDENTIFICATION
Right Side (as Viewed from
Flywheel) - 4BY3
Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3 illustrate
a typical version of a 4BY3 engine. Your
engine may have different equipment from
that illustrated.
Left Side (as Viewed from
Flywheel) - 4BY3
3
4
5
2
1
1
6
7
9
2
3
K0006557
1 – Engine oil dipstick
2 – E-Box panel
3 – High pressure fuel pump
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
8
K0006559
– Zinc anode
– Zinc anode
– Exhaust/water mixing elbow
– Coolant drain cock
– Heat exchanger
– Seawater pump
– Seawater drain cock
– Hydraulic oil cooler
– Coolant drain plug
Figure 2
Figure 1
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Top View - 4BY3
2
3
Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6 illustrate
a typical version of a 6BY3 engine. Your
engine may have different equipment from
that illustrated.
4
1
Left Side - 6BY3
1
7
5
6
K0006560
1
2
3
4
– Fuel fine filter
– Intake air manifold
– Engine oil filter
– Power steering filler port (if
equipped)
5 – Engine oil filler port
6 – Coolant filler port
7 – Air filter
2
3
K0006558
1 – Engine oil dipstick
2 – E-Box panel
3 – High pressure fuel pump
Figure 4
Figure 3
Note: YANMAR supplies a
water-separating pre-filter for
mounting by the installer. The engine
is equipped with an on-engine fine
filter (1, Figure 3).
16
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
Right Side - 6BY3
3
Top View - 6BY3
4
2
5
3
4
1
2
7
5
6
1
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
8
7
6
K0006561
– Zinc anode
– Zinc anode
– Exhaust/water mixing elbow
– Coolant drain cock
– Heat exchanger
– Seawater pump
– Seawater drain cock
– Hydraulic oil cooler
– Coolant drain plug
Figure 5
BY3 Series Operation Manual
K0006562
1
2
3
4
– Fuel fine filter
– Intake air manifold
– Engine oil filter
– Power steering filler port (if
equipped)
5 – Engine oil filler port
6 – Coolant filler port
7 – Air filter
Figure 6
Note: YANMAR supplies a
water-separating pre-filter for
mounting by the installer. The engine
is equipped with an on-engine fine
filter (1, Figure 6).
17
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
LOCATION OF
NAMEPLATES
6BY3
Model
Continuous power kW
The engine data and drive information
nameplates on YANMAR BY3 series
engines are shown in Figure 7, Figure 8
and Figure 9. Replace if damaged or lost.
kW/
Speed of prop.shaft
Fuel stop power kW
mi
n-1
mi
n-1
/
ENG.No.
MFG.DATE
RCD - ENGINE FAMILY NAME
EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
Gear Model
/
mi
n-1
THIS MARINE ENGINE COMPLIES WITH U.S.EPA REGULATIONS FOR
.ULTRA LOW SULFUR DIESEL FUEL ONLY.
G
ENGINE MODE :
ENGINE FAMILY :
A
C
STANDARDS NOx+HC:5.8g/kW-hr CO:5.0g/kW-hr PM:0.15g/kW-hr
APPLICATION:VARIABLE-SPEED PROPULSION ENGINES USED
WITH FIXED-PITCH PROPELLERS.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM: DFI
REFER TO OWNER'S MANUAL FOR MAINTENANCE
SPECIFICATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS.
YANMAR CO.,LTD.
BY
INSTALLING THIS RECREATIONAL ENGINE IN A COMMERCIAL VESSEL
OR USING THE VESSEL FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES MAY VIOLATE
FEDERAL LAW SUBJECT TO CIVIL PENALTY. (40 CFR 1042.601)
YANMAR CO.,LTD.
BSO/SAV-EXHAUST GAS TYPE TEST
ENGINE FAMILY BY
CERTIFICATION No. M140130652
The typical location of the engine name
plate is shown for YANMAR 4BY3 Series
marine engines (Figure 7) and 6BY3
engines (Figure 8).
4BY3
Model
Gear Model
Continuous power kW
kW/
Speed of prop.shaft
RCD - ENGINE FAMILY NAME
BY
Fuel stop power kW
mi
n-1
/
mi
n-1
ENG.No.
MFG.DATE
044343-01X00
INSTALLING THIS RECREATIONAL ENGINE IN A COMMERCIAL VESSEL
OR USING THE VESSEL FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES MAY VIOLATE
FEDERAL LAW SUBJECT TO CIVIL PENALTY. (40 CFR 1042.601)
YANMAR CO.,LTD.
mi
n-1
/
EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
THIS MARINE ENGINE COMPLIES WITH U.S.EPA REGULATIONS FOR
.ULTRA LOW SULFUR DIESEL FUEL ONLY.
G
ENGINE MODE :
ENGINE FAMILY :
A
C
STANDARDS NOx+HC:5.8g/kW-hr CO:5.0g/kW-hr PM:0.15g/kW-hr
APPLICATION:VARIABLE-SPEED PROPULSION ENGINES USED
WITH FIXED-PITCH PROPELLERS.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM: DFI
REFER TO OWNER'S MANUAL FOR MAINTENANCE
SPECIFICATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS.
YANMAR CO.,LTD.
BSO/SAV-EXHAUST GAS TYPE TEST
ENGINE FAMILY BY
CERTIFICATION No. M140130652
Figure 8
The engine block information is etched into
the cylinder block behind the engine oil
cooler near the end of the starting motor
(Figure 9).
MERCRUISER
DIVISION OF MERCURY MARINE
STILLWATER, OK, U.S.A.
SERIAL NUMBERS
ENGINE
TRANSOM
DRIVE
044342-01X00
Figure 7
MODEL:
TRANSOM ASSEMBLY
AND STERN DRIVE
SERIAL NUMBER DECAL
STRIPS TO THE
RESPECTIVE BLANK
ON THIS DECAL.
4 BY
N
1085
N 075
1100 7 824 951
K0006567
Figure 9
18
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
FUNCTION OF MAJOR COMPONENTS
Name of component
Function
Fuel filter/water separator
Removes dirt and water from the fuel. The filter element should be replaced
(not supplied by YANMAR) periodically. See Replacing fuel filter/water separator element on page 57. The
water separator should be drained periodically. See Draining the Fuel/Water
Separator on page 52.
Fuel fine filter
Removes extremely fine contaminants from fuel prior to entering fuel injection
system.
Fuel feed pump
Pumps fuel from the tank to the fuel injection system.
Engine oil fill port
To add engine oil.
Engine oil filter
Filters fine metal fragments and carbon from the engine oil. Filtered engine oil is
distributed to the engine's moving parts. The filter is a cartridge type and the
element should be replaced periodically. See Changing the engine oil and
replacing the engine oil filter on page 53.
Coolant system
There are two cooling systems: 1) closed cooling with coolant and 2) seawater.
The engine is cooled by the closed cooling system. The closed system coolant is
cooled by seawater using a heat exchanger. The seawater also cools the marine
gear or power steering oil, and the combustion intake air through cooler(s) in an
open circuit.
Closed cooling circulation
pump
The centrifugal coolant pump circulates coolant inside the engine. The circulating
pump is driven by a poly V-belt.
Seawater pump
Pumps seawater from outside vessel to the engine. The seawater pump is
belt-driven and has a replaceable rubber impeller. Avoid impeller damage, do not
operate it without seawater.
Coolant fill cap
When the coolant temperature rises, the pressure inside the heat exchanger
increases, causing the pressure valve in the filler cap to open, forcing hot water
and steam through a rubber hose to the reservoir. When the engine becomes cool
and the pressure inside the coolant tank drops, the vacuum valve in the filler cap
opens and the coolant in the reservoir returns to the heat exchanger through the
hose and filler cap. This minimizes coolant consumption.
Reservoir
The coolant fill cap valve releases vapor and hot water overflow to the reservoir.
When the engine stops and the coolant cools, the pressure in the heat exchanger
drops. The fill cap valve then opens to send coolant back from the reservoir. This
minimizes coolant consumption. The closed cooling system coolant level can
easily be checked and refilled in this tank.
Oil cooler - engine
A heat exchanger that cools high temperature engine oil using engine coolant.
Oil cooler - hydraulic
A heat exchanger that cools the marine gear oil or power steering fluid using
seawater.
Turbocharger
The turbocharger pressurizes the air coming into the engine. It is powered by a
turbine that is driven by exhaust gases.
Air filter
The air filter removes dirt from the intake combustion air reducing engine wear.
Nameplates
Nameplates are provided on the engine and the marine gear and have the model,
serial number and other data.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Name of component
Function
Electrical panel (E-Box)
The electrical panel houses the engine electrical system fuses, relays, and ECU.
The ECU monitors data from the various sensors and controls such functions as
low-pressure fuel pump operation, fuel injection pressure, fuel injection system
volume, and the timing and volume of fuel injected by the Bosch electronic fuel
injectors. Throttle control is fly-by-wire meaning it is controlled by electric signals
from the helm. The throttle control is either analog or digital depending on the level
of control options installed. The ECU also uses sensor inputs to monitor engine
condition and will set a trouble code if a system or sensor indicates a problem. In
most cases, a Check Engine light will be displayed. The engine may or may not
run normally depending on the fault. Not all inputs are monitored by the ECU. Low
oil pressure and water in fuel are two examples. Either of these conditions will
result in a warning indicator and possible audible alarm. Low oil pressure will also
be indicated by the oil gauge at the helm (not available with Classic Controls).
Electrical panel (E-Box)
circuit breaker
The electrical panel circuit breaker is installed in the positive (+) cable of the
electrical panel power lead, and provides overload protection for the electrical
panel. The electrical panel power leads must be connected directly to the battery,
and must have a breaker installed in the B+ (red) lead.
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
FUSES AND RELAYS
1
2
3
13
4
5
6
14
7
8
9
10
11
12
15
K0004043
1 – Fuse F1 (3 A) - CAN switched
power
2 – Fuse F2 (10 A) - Ignition*
3 – Fuse F3 (15 A) - Fuel supply
pump
4 – Fuse F4 (30 A) - ECU switched
power
5 – Fuse F5 (20 A) - Power to
sensors and actuators
6 – Fuse F6 (10 A) - Auxiliary power
7 – Jumper fuse F7 (3 A) - Single/port
selection, default is single/port
(fuse in). Remove fuse for
starboard configuration.
8 – Jumper fuse F8 (3 A) CAN/Analog throttle selection,
default is analog (fuse out). Insert
3 A fuse to configure for CAN.
9 – K1 - Starter relay
10 – K3 - Fuel supply pump relay
11 – K2 - Main power relay
12 – ECU
13 – Connector X1 - Communication
to helm display
14 – Connector X21/1 - Engine wiring
harness
15 – Connector X22/1 - Fuel injector
wiring harness
Figure 10
To access the fuse and relay panel, remove the four bolts from the E-Box cover and
remove cover.
NOTICE
The electrical panel cables must be connected directly to the battery, and must have a
circuit breaker installed in the B+ (red) lead.
*
Never connect any additional devices to F2. F6 may be used however, it is not
switched.
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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
ENGINE COVER
K0006552
Figure 11
To remove the cover from the engine,
remove all bolts, then lift cover from
engine.
22
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
INTRODUCTION
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the diesel fuel, engine oil and
engine coolant specifications and how to
replenish them.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Before performing any operations within
this section, review the Safety section on
page 3.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
DIESEL FUEL
NOTICE
Diesel Fuel Specifications
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Diesel fuel is flammable and explosive
under certain conditions.
B7 diesel fuels must meet certain
specifications.
NOTICE
Only use diesel fuels recommended by
YANMAR for the best engine performance,
to prevent engine damage and to comply
with EPA warranty requirements. Only use
clean diesel fuel.
Diesel fuel should comply with the
following specifications. The table lists
several worldwide specifications for diesel
fuels.
Diesel fuel specification
Location
ASTM D975 No. 2-D S15,
No. 1-D S15, D6751, D7467
USA
EN590-2009, EN14214
European Union
ISO 8217 DMX
International
BS 2869-A1 or A2
United Kingdom
JIS K2204 Grade No. 2
Japan
■ Biodiesel fuels
YANMAR approves the use of biodiesel
fuels that do not exceed a blend of 7 %
non-mineral oil based fuel with 93 %
standard diesel fuel. Such biodiesel fuels
are known in the marketplace as B7
biodiesel fuels. B7 biodiesel fuel can
reduce particulate matter and the emission
of “greenhouse” gases compared to
standard diesel fuel.
24
If the B7 biodiesel fuel used does not meet
the approved specifications, it will cause
abnormal wear of injectors, reduce the life
of the engine and it may affect the
warranty coverage of your engine.
The biodiesel fuels must meet the
minimum specifications for the country in
which they are used:
• In Europe, biodiesel fuels must comply
with the European Standard
EN590-2009. EN14214
• In the United States, biodiesel fuels must
comply with the American Standard
ASTM D-6751. D7467
Biodiesel should be purchased only from
recognized and authorized diesel fuel
suppliers.
Precautions and concerns regarding
the use of biofuels:
• Biodiesel fuels have a higher content of
methyl-esters, which may deteriorate
certain metal, rubber and plastic
components of the fuel system. The
customer and/or boat builder are
responsible to verify the usage of
biodiesel compatible components on the
vessel fuel supply and return systems.
• Free water in biodiesel may result in
plugging of fuel filters and increased
bacterial growth.
• High viscosity at low temperatures may
result in fuel delivery problems, injection
pump seizures and poor injection nozzle
spray atomization.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
• Biodiesel may have adverse effects on
some elastomers (seal materials) and
may result in fuel leakage and dilution of
the engine lubricating oil.
• Even biodiesel fuels that comply with a
suitable standard as delivered will
require additional care and attention to
maintain the quality of the fuel in the
equipment or other fuel tanks. It is
important to maintain a supply of clean,
fresh fuel. Regular flushing of the fuel
system, and/or fuel storage containers,
may be necessary.
• The use of biodiesel fuels that do not
comply with the standards as agreed to
by the diesel engine manufacturers and
the diesel fuel injection equipment
manufacturers, or biodiesel fuels that
have degraded as per the precautions
and concerns above, may affect the
warranty coverage of your engine.
■ Additional technical fuel
requirements
• The fuel cetane number should be 45 or
higher.
• The sulfur content must not exceed 15
ppm by volume.
A higher sulfur content fuel may cause
sulfuric acid corrosion in the cylinders of
the engines.
Especially in U.S.A. and Canada, Ultra
Low Sulfur fuel must be used.
• Never mix kerosene, used engine oil or
residual fuels with the diesel fuel.
• Water and sediment in the fuel should
not exceed 0.05 % by volume.
• Carbon residue content not to exceed
0.35 % by volume. Less than 0.1 % is
preferred.
• Total aromatics content should not
exceed 35 % by volume. Less than 30 %
is preferred.
• PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)
content should be below 10 % by volume.
• Do not use Biocide.
■ Handling of diesel fuel
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
• Only fill the fuel tank with diesel fuel.
Filling the fuel tank with gasoline may
result in a fire and will damage the
engine. Never refuel with the engine
running. Wipe up all spills
immediately. Keep sparks, open
flames or any other form of ignition
(match, cigarette, static electric
source) well away when refueling.
• Always put the diesel fuel container
on the ground when transferring the
diesel fuel from the pump to the
container. Hold the hose nozzle firmly
against the side of the container while
filling it. This prevents static
electricity buildup which could cause
sparks and ignite fuel vapors.
1. Water and dust in the fuel may cause
engine failure. When fuel is stored, be
sure that the inside of the storage
container is clean and dry, and that the
fuel is stored away from dirt or rain.
• Keep the fuel tank and fuel-handling
equipment clean at all times.
• Ash content not to exceed 0.01 % by
volume.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
■ Diesel Fuel Lines
1
3
4
011213-00X-70
Figure 1
2. Keep the fuel container stationary for
several hours to allow any dirt or water
to settle to the bottom of the container.
Use a pump to extract the clear, filtered
fuel from the top of the container.
■ Fuel tank (optional)
2
7
6
5
K0003638A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
– To fuel feed pump
– Less than 500 mm (19.68 in.)
– Fuel return line
– Fuel tank
– Fuel tank drain cock
– 20 - 30 mm (0.75 - 1.125 in.)
– Fuel shutoff valve
Figure 3
Shown is a typical installation of a boat fuel
system. Fuel supply (2, Figure 3) and
return (4, Figure 3) lines connect to fittings
at the engine.
3
2
1
002875-02X01
1 – Sediment bowl
2 – Drain cock
3 – Fuel line to engine
Figure 2
Install a drain cock (2, Figure 2) at the
bottom of the fuel tank to remove water
and contaminants from the sediment bowl
(1, Figure 2).
Total suction resistance shall be less than
0.1 bar (40 in.Aq). High resistance may
cause poor performance and reduce fuel
system life.
Note: YANMAR supplies a water
separating pre-filter for mounting by
the installer. The engine is also
equipped with an on-engine fine
filter.
The fuel outlet should be positioned 20 to
30 mm (0.75 to 1.125 in.) above the
bottom of the tank so that only clean fuel is
distributed to the engine.
26
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
Filling the Fuel Tank
■ Before filling fuel tank for the first
time:
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Never refuel with the engine running.
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Never overfill the fuel tank.
5. Replace the fuel cap and hand-tighten.
Over-tightening the fuel cap will
damage it.
Rinse fuel tank with kerosene or diesel
fuel. Dispose of waste properly.
■ To fill the fuel tank:
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Operate bilge ventilation (blowers) for a
minimum of 5 minutes to purge fumes
from engine compartment after
refueling. Never operate bilge blower
while refueling. Doing so can pump
explosive fumes into the engine
compartment and result in an
explosion.
1. Clean the area around the fuel cap.
2. Remove the fuel cap from the fuel tank.
3. Fill the tank with clean fuel free of oil
and dirt.
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Hold the hose nozzle firmly against
the filler port while filling. This
prevents static electricity buildup
which could cause sparks and ignite
fuel vapors.
4. Stop fueling when the gauge shows the
fuel tank is full.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Bleeding the Fuel System
ENGINE OIL
The fuel system needs to be bled under
the following conditions:
Engine Oil Specifications
• Before starting the engine for the first
time.
Use a full-synthetic long-life engine oil that
meets or exceeds the following guidelines
and classifications:
• After running out of fuel and fuel has
been added to the fuel tank.
■ Service categories
• After fuel system maintenance, such as
changing the fuel filter and draining the
fuel filter/water separator, or replacing a
fuel system component.
The fuel feed pump is ECU-controlled and
will operate for only 10 seconds when the
key switch is turned ON while the engine is
not running or being started. For this
reason, the key switch must be repeatedly
turned ON then OFF to sufficiently bleed
the fuel system.
1. Turn the key switch on and leave on for
10 seconds.
NOTICE
Never hold the key in the START
position for longer than 10 seconds or
the starter motor will overheat.
2. Turn key switch OFF for 5 seconds,
then turn key switch ON for 10
seconds.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 five more times.
Note: The engine may run rough and
misfire for a few seconds when
first started until any remaining
air is purged from the fuel
system.
• API Service Categories SM, SL, SJ,
SH/CF and CF
• ACEA Service Categories A3, B3 and B4
■ Definitions
• API Classification (American Petroleum
Institute)
• ACEA Classification (Association des
Constructeurs Européens
d’Automobilies)
Note:
1. Be sure the engine oil, engine oil
storage containers, and engine oil
filling equipment are free of
sediment and water.
2. Change the engine oil after the first
50 hours of operation and then at
every 250 hours thereafter.
3. Select the oil viscosity based on the
ambient temperature where the
engine is being operated. See the
SAE Service Grade Viscosity Chart.
4. YANMAR does not recommend the
use of engine oil “additives”.
4. Attempt to start the engine. If the
engine does not start within a
reasonable time, repeat steps 1 and 2
until the engine starts and runs.
NOTICE
Never use an engine starting aid such
as ether. Engine damage will result.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
■ Engine oil viscosity
Select the appropriate engine oil viscosity
based on the ambient temperature shown
in the SAE Service Grade Viscosity Chart
(Figure 4).
0W-30
5W-30
0W-40
5W-40
10W-30
-4°F 14°F 32°F 50°F 68°F 86°F 104°F 122°F
(-20°C) (-10°C) (0°C) (10°C) (20°C) (30°C) (40°C) (50°C)
K0000005B
Figure 4
Note: YANMAR recommends using
genuine YANMAR Marine Oil
specially formulated for the BY3
engine. Contact your authorized
YANMAR dealer or distributor.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Acceptable Engine Oil
LongLife 01 Oils
Trade name
30
Producer/Supplier
Addinol Super power MV 0537
Addinol Lube Oil GmbH
Agip Formula LL B 01
ENI S.p.A. Refining and Marketing Division
Agip Sint 2000 Evolution
ENI S.p.A. Refining and Marketing Division
Agip TECSINT SL
ENI S.p.A. Refining and Marketing Division
ALPINE Longlife
Mitan Mineralöl GmbH
Aral SuperTronic B
Aral
Aral SuperTronic G
Aral
AXCL S-Class Motor Oil
AXCL Gulf FZE
BMW Quality Longlife 01
BMW
BP Visco 7000
BP Oil International
BP Visco 7000 GM
BP Oil International
BP Visco 7000 Turbo Diesel
BP Oil International
Castrol Edge
Castrol Limited
Castrol Formula RS Power and Protection
Castrol Limited
Castrol Formula SLX
Castrol Limited
Castrol Formula SLX LL01
Castrol Limited
Castrol Formula SLX Long Tex
Castrol Limited
Castrol Formula SLX Turbodiesel
Castrol Limited
Castrol Syntec
Castrol Limited
Castrol Syntec 0W-30 European Formula
Castrol Limited
Castrol Super Racing 0W-40
Castrol Limited
Castrol TXT Softec LL01
Castrol Limited
Cepsa Star Mega Synthetic
Cepsa Lubricantes S.A.
Divinol Syntholight
Zeller+Gmelin
Elf Excellium Full-Tech
Total
Elf Excellium LDX
Total
Elf Excellium XLL
Total
Esso Ultron FE
ExxonMobil
Galp Formula XLD
Petrogal SA
Gulf Formula TLX
Total
Havoline Synthetic BM
Chevron Texaco
Havoline Ultra BM
Chevron Texaco
Igol Process Compact P
Igol France S.A.
INA Futura Compact P
INA Maziva Rijeka
Jet Top Level
ConocoPhillips GmbH
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
Trade name
Producer/Supplier
Labo RC
Fuchs Labo Auto S.A.
Liqui Moly Longtime High Tech
Liqui Moly
Megol Motorenöl New Generation
Meguin GmbH
Mobil 1
ExxonMobil
Mobil 1 Turbo Diesel
ExxonMobil
Mobil 1 Spezial XS
ExxonMobil
Motorex Profile B-XL
Bucher AG
Motorex Select SP-X
Bucher AG
Motul Specific LL-01
Motul S.A.
OMV full syn plus
OMV AG
Opaljet Longlife
Unil Opal
Panolin Exclusive BD
Panolin AG
Pennzoil European Formula Ultra
Pennzoil-Quaker State
Pentospeed 0W-30 VS*
Deutsche Pentosin-Werke
Petronas Syntium 3000 LL
Petronas
Q8 Formula Special
Kuwait Petroleum
Quaker State European Formula Ultra
Pennzoil-Quaker State
Ravenol HCL
Ravensburger Schmierstoffvertrieb GmbH
Repsol Elite Common Rail
Repsol YPF
Shell Helix Ultra AB
Shell International Petroleum Company
Shell Helix Ultra AL
Shell International Petroleum Company
Statoli LazerWay B
Statoil Lubricants
Tecar Motorenöl Supersyn
Techno-Einkauf GmbH
Titan Supersyn SL
Fuchs Petrolub AG
Titan Supersyn SL Longlife
Fuchs Petrolub AG
Tor Synthetic LL
De Oliebron
Total Activa Expertise 9000
Total
Total Quartz Expertise 9000
Total
Valvoline SynPower MXL
Valvoline
Veedol Powertron LL01
Veedol International
Veedol Syntron
Veedol International
Veritas Syntolube
Ölwerke Julius Schindler GmbH
Wako’s Super Synthe
Wako Chemical Co.Ltd
Wintershall VIVA 1 Longlife
SRS Schmierstoff Vertrieb GmbH
Yacco VX 1600
Yacco S.A.S.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
LongLife 04 Oils
32
Trade name
Producer/Supplier
Addinol Super power MV 0537
Addinol Lube Oil GmbH
Agip Formula MS B04
ENI S.p.A.
Aral SuperTronic
Aral
BMW Longlife-04
BMW
Castrol Edge Sport
Castrol Limited
Castrol Edge Turbo Diesel
Castrol Limited
Castrol Formula RS
Castrol Limited
Castrol GTX Magnatec
Castrol Limited
Castrol SLX LL-04
Castrol Limited
Castrol TXT LL-04
Castrol Limited
Elf Excellium LSX
Total
Galp Energy Ultra LS
Petrogal SA
Liqui Moly TopTec 4100
Liqui Moly
Midland ® Synova
Oel-Brack AG
Midland ® Synova
Oel-Brack AG
Mobil 1 ESP Formula
ExxonMobil
Motorenöl Low Emission
Meguin GmbH
Motul 1 Specific LL-04
Motul S.A.
OMV eco plus
OMV AG
Repsol Elite Evolution
Repsol YPF
Shell Helix Ultra AP
Shell International Petroleum Company
Titan GT1
Fuchs Petrolub AG
Wintershall VIVA 1 topsynth alpha LS
SRS Schmierstoff Vertrieb GmbH
York 848
Ginouves SAS
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
Checking Engine Oil
Adding Engine Oil
1
2
1
K0006568
K0006565
Figure 7
Figure 5
Note: 4BY3 series shown. 6BY3 is similar.
Note: 4BY3 series shown. 6BY3 is similar.
1. Remove the oil filler port cap
(2, Figure 7) and pour engine oil into
filler port. See Engine Oil Specifications
on page 28.
NOTICE
Prevent dirt and debris from contaminating
engine oil. Carefully clean the dipstick and
the surrounding area before you remove
the cap.
NOTICE
Never overfill the engine with engine oil.
1. Clean area around dipstick.
2. Remove dipstick (1, Figure 5) and wipe
with clean cloth.
3. Fully reinsert dipstick.
4. Remove dipstick. The oil level should
be between upper (1, Figure 6) and
lower lines (2, Figure 6) on the dipstick.
1
2. Fill with oil to the upper limit on the
dipstick (1, Figure 6).
2
3. Fully insert the dipstick to check the
level.
NOTICE
Always keep the oil level between upper
and lower lines on the dipstick.
4. Tighten the fill port cap securely by
hand.
K0003826
Figure 6
5. Fully reinsert dipstick.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
MARINE GEAR OR STERN
DRIVE OIL
POWER STEERING FLUID
SPECIFICATIONS
Note: Refer to the marine gear
manufacturer's operation manual for
the marine gear oil specifications.
Refer to the manufacturer's
operation manual for marine gear or
stern drive oil specifications.
Refer to the stern drive manufacturer’s
literature for power steering fluid
specifications.
■ Power steering oil (stern drive
only)
Marine Gear Oil Specifications
• QuickSilver® Power Trim and Steering
Fluid or Dexlone-II
Use marine gear oil that meets or exceeds
the following guidelines and classifications:
■ Power trim oil
■ KMH41A, KMH51A, KMH50V
• API Service Categories CF
• SAE Viscosity #30
Stern Drive Oil Specifications
Use marine gear oil that meets or exceeds
the following guidelines and classifications:
■ ZT370
• QuickSilver® Power Trim and Steering
Fluid or SAE 10W-30 or 10W-40 Engine
Oil
Checking Power Steering Fluid
Level
1. Remove power steering filler cap.
2. Power steering fluid level must be
between the upper (1, Figure 8) and
lower (2, Figure 8) level marks.
• GL-5 (SAE #80W90 or 75W90)
■ Mercruiser® Bravo
• QuickSilver®* High Performance Gear
Lube
1
2
K0004042
Figure 8
3. Add fluid if necessary.
*
34
QuickSilver is a registered trademark of Brunswick Corporation.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
ENGINE COOLANT
Acceptable Engine Coolant
Trade name
Manufacturer
Addinol Antifreeze Super
Addinol Lube Oil GmbH
Aral Antifreeze Extra
Aral AG
AVIA Antifreeze APN
AVIA Mineralöl AG
BMW Coolant
BMW AG
BP anti-frost X 2270A
BP Schmierstoff GMBH, Hamburg
Caltex CX Engine Coolant
Caltex
Castrol ANTI-FREEZE NF
Castrol International
Fridex G48
Velena s.a.
Glacelf Plus
Total
GlycoShell
Shell International
Glyco star
Bremin Mineralöl GmbH & Co.
Glysantin G48-24 Engine Coolant
UNICO Ltd.
Glysantin Protect Plus / G48
BASF
GUSOFROST LV 505
Chemische Industrielle Gesellschaft
Mobil Frostchutz 600
Mobil Schmierstoff GmbH
Havoline AFC (BD04)
Chevron Texaco/Arteco
Mobil Frostschutz 600
ExxonMobil
OMV Kühlerfrostschutz
OMV AG
Total Thermofreeze Plus
Total
Note: YANMAR recommends using genuine YANMAR antifreeze/coolant. Contact your
authorized YANMAR dealer or distributor.
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BEFORE YOU OPERATE
■ Adding engine coolant
1. Remove the pressure cap and pour
coolant mix slowly into the heat
exchanger to prevent the formation of
air pockets. Fill until the heat exchanger
is completely full.
NOTICE
Only use the engine coolant specified.
Other engine coolants may affect
warranty coverage, cause an internal
buildup of rust and scale and/or shorten
engine life. Prevent dirt and debris from
contaminating engine coolant. Carefully
clean the filler cap and the surrounding
area before you remove the cap. Never
mix different types of engine coolants.
This may adversely affect the properties
of the engine coolant.
2. Start the engine and allow to idle for
approximately 5 minutes.
3. Stop the engine and check the coolant
level. Add additional coolant if
necessary.
4. Install the pressure cap and tighten
firmly.
WARNING
Securely tighten the filler cap after
checking the coolant level. Steam
can escape during engine operation
if the cap is loose.
5. Remove the reservoir cap and fill with
coolant mix to approximately 50 mm (2
in.) below the full line. Replace cap.
Never fill to the full line.
6. After filling an empty cooling system,
test-run the engine for about five
minutes and check the engine coolant
level at the reservoir again.
36
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
ENGINE OPERATION
INTRODUCTION
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the diesel fuel, engine oil and
engine coolant specifications and how to
replenish them. It also describes the daily
engine checkout.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Before performing any operations within
this section, review the Safety section on
page 3.
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ENGINE OPERATION
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Open the seacock (if equipped).
2. Open the fuel cock.
3. Turn the battery switch (if equipped)
ON.
4. Put remote control handle in
NEUTRAL.
5. Ensure lanyard is connected to
emergency stop switch.
6. Attach lanyard to clothing.
7. Turn key switch to ON. Ensure that the
instrument panel indicators are
powered and working.
CAUTION
Never hold the key in the START
position for longer than 10 seconds
or the starter motor will overheat.
Starting at Low Temperatures
NOTICE
Never use an engine starting aid such as
ether. Engine damage will result.
Comply with local environmental
requirements. Use optional glow plugs (if
equipped) to avoid starting problems and
white smoke.
To limit white smoke, run the engine at low
speed and under moderate load until the
engine reaches normal operating
temperature. A light load on a cold engine
provides better combustion and faster
engine warm-up than no load.
Avoid running the engine at idling speed
any longer than necessary.
8. Turn key switch to START. Release the
key switch when the engine has
started.
Note: Once the engine has started, the
ECU will raise the engine speed to
1080 min-1 to start alternator
charging, and then reduce to low
idle.
38
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ENGINE OPERATION
12/05
SHUTTING DOWN THE
ENGINE
CHECKING THE ENGINE
AFTER OPERATION
Under normal operating conditions, shut
down the engine by turning the key switch
to OFF.
• Check that the key switch is in the OFF
position and battery switch (if equipped)
is OFF.
There will be a delay of up to 3 seconds
after turning the key to OFF. This is normal
and allows the ECU computer to store
data. Wait at least 10 seconds after the
engine stops before turning the battery
switch to OFF.
• Fill the fuel tank. Make sure that the fill
cap and the area around the fill opening
are clean to avoid contamination of the
fuel.
Emergency Shut Down
NOTICE
Never use the emergency stop switch for a
normal engine shut-down. Use this switch
only when stopping the engine suddenly in
an emergency
• Close seawater cock(s).
• If there is a risk of freezing, check that
the cooling system contains enough
coolant. See Engine Coolant on
page 35.
• If there is a risk of freezing, drain the
seawater system. See Draining the
Seawater Cooling System on page 76.
1. Ensure lanyard is connected to the
emergency stop switch.
2. Attach the lanyard to a secure place on
the operator’s clothing or life vest - not
where it might tear away.
NOTICE
• Do not cut or re-tie the lanyard. If it is
too long, shorten it by knotting or
looping it.
• Test the emergency engine shut off
switch before each outing.
3. Disconnecting the clip from the stop
switch will stop the engine.
NOTICE
Be sure to close the seacock. Neglecting
to close the seacock could allow water to
leak into the boat and may cause it to
sink.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
39
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ENGINE OPERATION
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
40
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2012年11月8日 木曜日 午前9時15分
PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE
BY3 Series Operation Manual
INTRODUCTION
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the procedures for proper care
and maintenance of the engine.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Before performing any maintenance
procedures within this section, read the
following safety information and review the
Safety section on page 3.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
41
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PRECAUTIONS
The Importance of Periodic
Maintenance
Engine deterioration and wear occur in
proportion to the length of time the engine
has been in service and the conditions the
engine is subjected to during operation.
Periodic maintenance prevents
unexpected downtime, reduces the
number of accidents due to poor machine
performance and helps extend the life of
the engine.
Performing Periodic
Maintenance
WARNING
Never block windows, vents, or other
means of ventilation if the engine is
operating in an enclosed area. All
internal combustion engines create
carbon monoxide gas during operation.
Accumulation of this gas within an
enclosure could cause illness or even
death. Make sure that all connections
are tightened to specifications after
repair is made to the exhaust system.
Failure to comply could result in death
or serious injury.
The Importance of Daily Checks
Periodic Maintenance Schedules assume
that the daily checks are performed on a
regular basis. Make it a habit of performing
daily checks before the start of each
operating day. See Periodic Maintenance
Procedures on page 51.
42
Keep a Log of Engine Hours and
Daily Checks
Keep a log of the number of hours the
engine is run each day and a log of the
daily checks performed. Also note the
date, type of repair (e.g., replaced
alternator), and parts used for any service
needed between the periodic maintenance
intervals. Periodic maintenance intervals
are every 50, 250, 500, 1000 and 2000
engine hours. Failure to perform periodic
maintenance will shorten the life of the
engine.
YANMAR Replacement Parts
YANMAR recommends that you use
genuine YANMAR parts when
replacement parts are needed. Genuine
replacement parts help ensure long engine
life.
Tools Required
Before you start any periodic maintenance
procedure, make sure you have the tools
you need to perform all of the required
tasks.
Ask Your Authorized YANMAR
Marine Dealer or Distributor For
Help
Our professional service technicians have
the expertise and skills to help you with
any maintenance or service related
procedures.
Tightening Fasteners
Use the correct amount of torque when
you tighten fasteners on the machine.
Applying excessive torque may damage
the fastener or component and not enough
torque may cause a leak or component
failure.
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
■ Standard torque values
Hexagon bolts and nuts
Nominal diameter
Grade (lubricated)
8.8 or 8
10.9 or 10
12.9 or 12
M4
2.7 N·m (24 in.-lb)
3.88 N·m (34.3 in.-lb)
4.6 N·m (41 in.-lb)
M5
5.5 N·m (48.6 in.-lb)
8 N·m (71 in.-lb)
9.5 N·m (84 in.-lb)
M6
9.5 N·m (84 in.-lb)
13 N·m (115 in.-lb)
16 N·m (142 in.-lb)
M7
15 N·m (133 in.-lb)
22 N·m (195 in.-lb)
26 N·m (230 in.-lb)
M8
23 N·m (204 in.-lb)
32 N·m (24 ft-lb)
39 N·m (29 ft-lb)
M8  1
25 N·m (221 in.-lb)
35 N·m (26 ft-lb)
42 N·m (31 ft-lb)
46 N·m (34 ft-lb)
64 N·m (47 ft-lb)
77 N·m (57 ft-lb)
M10
M10  1.25
49 N·m (36 ft-lb)
68 N·m (50 ft-lb)
82 N·m (60 ft-lb)
M12
80 N·m (59 ft-lb)
110 N·m (81 ft-lb)
135 N·m (100 ft-lb)
M12  1.5
88 N·m (65 ft-lb)
125 N·m (92 ft-lb)
150 N·m (111 ft-lb)
Hose clamps
Note: Reuse and retightening is prohibited for all hose clamps. Always install new hose
clamps.
Size
Specification
5 mm Hex head
1.0 - 1.5 N·m (8.9 - 13 in.-lb)
6 mm Hex head
2.5 - 3.5 N·m (22 - 31 in.-lb)
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
EPA MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS
To maintain optimum engine performance and compliance with the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) Regulations for Engines, it is essential that you follow the
Periodic Maintenance Schedule on page 47 and the Periodic Maintenance Procedures on
page 51 .
EPA Requirements for USA and Other Applicable Countries
The following are the requirements for the EPA. Unless these requirements are met, the
exhaust gas emissions will not be within the limits specified by the EPA.
See Conditions to Ensure Compliance with EPA Emission Standards on page 45. Clean or
replace the air cleaner element if the air intake restriction exceeds the referenced
specifications.
EPA Requirements
The EPA emission regulation is applicable only in the USA and other countries that have
adopted the EPA requirements in part or in whole. Determine and follow the emission
regulations in the country where your engine will be operating to assist you in specified
compliance.
44
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
Conditions to Ensure Compliance with EPA Emission Standards
The BY3-series are EPA-certified engines.
The following are the conditions that must be met in order to ensure that the emissions
during operation meet the EPA standards.
The operating conditions should be as follows:
• Ambient temperature: -16° to +40 °C (3° to 104 °F)
• Relative humidity: 80 % or lower
The fuel and lubricating oil used should be as follows:
• Diesel fuel: ASTM D975 No. 1-D S15 or No. 2-D S15, D6751, D7467 or equivalent
(minimum cetane No. 45)
• Lubricating oil: Type API, Class SM, SL, SJ, SH/CF and CF
Be sure to perform inspections as outlined in Periodic Maintenance Procedures on page
51 and keep a record of the results.
Pay particular attention to these important points:
• Replacing the engine oil
• Replacing the engine oil filter
• Replacing the fuel filter
• Cleaning the air filter
Note: Inspections are divided into two sections in accordance with who is responsible for
performing the inspection: the user or the maker.
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Inspection and Maintenance
See Inspection and Maintenance of EPA Emission-Related Parts on page 51 for the EPA
emission-related parts. Inspection and maintenance procedures not shown in Inspection
and Maintenance of EPA Emission-Related Parts on page 51 are covered in Periodic
Maintenance Schedule on page 47 .
This maintenance must be performed to keep the emission values of your engine in the
standard values during the warranty period. The warranty period is determined by the age
of the engine or the number of hours of operation.
Installation of Exhaust Sampling Port
All engines subject to emission standards shall be equipped with a connection in the
engine exhaust system that is located downstream of the engine, and before any point at
which the exhaust contacts water (or any other cooling/scrubbing medium), for the
temporary attachment of gaseous and/or particulate emissions sampling equipment. This
connection shall be internally threaded with standard pipe threads of a size not larger than
12.7 mm (0.5 in.), and shall be closed by a pipe plug when not in use. Equivalent
connections are allowed.
The instructions for the proper installation and location of the required sample port, in
addition to those specified above in the quoted federal regulation, are as follows:
1. The connection should be located as far downstream as reasonably practicable from
any sharp bend (of 30 degrees or more) in the exhaust pipe to help ensure that a
well-mixed exhaust flow sample may be taken;
2. The requirement that the connection be located before any point at which the exhaust
contacts water (or any other cooling/scrubbing medium) does not include contact with
water used to cool exhaust manifolds, unless the water is allowed to come into direct
contact with the exhaust gases;
3. To allow ready access to the sample port, the connection should be located, if possible
given the constraints of vessel design, approximately 0.6 to 1.8 m (2 to 6 ft) above a
deck or walkway;
4. To facilitate insertion and withdrawal of an exhaust sample probe, there should be no
obstructions for at least one and one-half exhaust pipe/stack diameters perpendicular,
i.e., 90 degrees, from the sample port; and
5. If a threaded connection is used, both the internal and external threads should be
coated with a high-temperature, anti-seize compound before the initial installation and
at every subsequent re-installation to facilitate removal of the connection for testing.
46
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Daily and periodic maintenance is important to keep the engine in good operating
condition. The following is a summary of maintenance items by periodic maintenance
intervals. Periodic maintenance intervals vary depending on engine application, loads,
diesel fuel and engine oil used and are hard to establish definitively. The following should
be treated only as a general guideline.
NOTICE
Establish a periodic maintenance plan according to the engine application and make sure
to perform the required periodic maintenance at the intervals indicated. Failure to follow
these guidelines will impair the engine’s safety and performance characteristics, shorten
the engine’s life and may affect the warranty coverage on your engine.
See your authorized YANMAR Marine dealer or distributor for assistance when checking
items marked with a ●.
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
: Check or Clean : Replace ●: Contact your authorized YANMAR marine dealer or distributor
Periodic maintenance interval
System
Whole
Fuel system
Item
Visual inspection
of engine exterior
Check for fuel
leakage
Check the fuel
level and refill if
necessary
Daily
See Daily
Checks on
page 51
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes
first


Before
starting



Replace fuel
filter/water
separator element

●

Before
starting
Change the
engine oil and
replace the oil
filter element
Cooling
system engine
coolant
Visual inspection
of cooling system
Check coolant
level and check
for leaks
Replace coolant
48
Every
2000
hours or
8 years
whichever
comes
first
Before
starting
Replace the fuel
fine filter
Check the engine
oil level and refill if
necessary
Every
1000
hours or
4 years
whichever
comes
first

Check the fuel
pump and fuel
lines
Lubricating
system
Every
500
hours or
2 years
whichever
comes
first
Before
starting
Drain water and
sediment from fuel
tank
Drain the fuel
filter/water
separator If
necessary
Every
250
hours or
one year
whichever
comes
first

Initial 50


Before
starting

Before
starting
When Long Life Coolant (LLC) is used, replace every two years.
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
: Check or Clean : Replace ●: Contact your authorized YANMAR marine dealer or distributor
Periodic maintenance interval
System
Cooling
system seawater
circuit
Item
Visual inspection
of cooling system
Check the
seawater outlet
Daily
See Daily
Checks on
page 51
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes
first
Every
500
hours or
2 years
whichever
comes
first
Every
1000
hours or
4 years
whichever
comes
first
Every
2000
hours or
8 years
whichever
comes
first

Before
starting

Before
starting
Check seawater
pump belt for
wear, replace if
necessary

Check seawater
filter (if equipped)
and inlet
Air intake and
exhaust
system
Every
250
hours or
one year
whichever
comes
first

Replace the
anodes*

Check or replace
the seawater
pump impeller
●
●

Visual inspection
Before
starting
Replace
turbocharger heat
shield
Check the
exhaust pipe


Check the air
intake system

Check the
exhaust/water
mixing elbow
●
Replace the air
filter element
●
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
: Check or Clean : Replace ●: Contact your authorized YANMAR marine dealer or distributor
Periodic maintenance interval
System
Electrical
system
Item
Daily
See Daily
Checks on
page 51
Check the
electrolyte level in
the battery
(serviceable
batteries only)
Check the wiring
connectors
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes
first
Every
1000
hours or
4 years
whichever
comes
first
Every
2000
hours or
8 years
whichever
comes
first

Before
starting

Check the alarm
and indicators (if
equipped)

Check or change
power steering
fluid
●
Check for water or
oil leakage
Every
500
hours or
2 years
whichever
comes
first
●
Check alternator
belt for wear,
replace if
necessary
Miscellaneous items
Every
250
hours or
one year
whichever
comes
first
●
●

Before
starting
Check shift cable
adjustment
●
Initial 50
●
Adjust the
propeller shaft
alignment (if
equipped with
marine gear)
●
Initial 50
●
Check hydraulic
oil cooler
●
Check and
replace
rubberized hoses
(fuel and water)
●
Check flexible
engine mounts

●
* Check anodes periodically. Any anode having less than half its original size remaining should be
replaced - use this to establish a regular replacement interval.
Note: These procedures are considered normal maintenance and are performed at the
owner’s expense.
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Inspection and Maintenance of
EPA Emission-Related Parts
Parts
Interval
Check fuel injection nozzle
(cleaning)
1500 hours
Check fuel injection nozzle
(adjustment)
3000 hours
Check fuel injection pump
(adjustment)
Check turbocharger
(adjustment)
Check electronic engine
control unit (ECU) and its
associated sensors and
actuators
Note: The inspection and maintenance
items shown above are to be
performed at your YANMAR dealer
or distributor.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PROCEDURES
Daily Checks
Before heading out for the day, make sure
the YANMAR engine is in good operating
condition.
CAUTION
It is important to perform daily checks
as listed in this Operation Manual.
Periodic maintenance prevents
unexpected downtime, reduces the
number of accidents due to poor engine
performance and helps extend the life
of the engine.
Make sure you check the following items:
Visual Checks
• Check the exterior of the engine for
leaks, wear or damage.
• Check for engine oil leaks.
• Check for fuel leaks.
• Check for engine coolant leaks.
• Check for damaged or missing parts.
• Check for loose, missing, or damaged
fasteners.
• Check the seawater inlet and outlet for
blockage or damage.
• Check the electrical harnesses for
cracks, abrasions, and damaged or
corroded connectors.
• Check hoses for cracks, abrasions, and
damaged, loose or corroded clamps.
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CAUTION
If any problem is noted during the
visual check, the necessary corrective
action should be taken before you
operate the engine
Checking Diesel Fuel, Engine Oil
and Engine Coolant Levels
Follow the procedures in Filling the Fuel
Tank on page 27 and Checking Engine Oil
on page 33 to check these levels.
Draining the Fuel/Water
Separator
Check the fuel filter/water separator for
presence of water and contaminants. If
you find any water or contaminants, drain
the fuel filter/water separator. If you have
to drain the fuel filter/water separator
frequently, drain the fuel tank and check
for water in your fuel supply. See Draining
the fuel tank on page 56.
1. Turn engine OFF.
2. Ensure the fuel cock is closed.
Checking the Battery Electrolyte
Level
3. Loosen the drain plug at the bottom of
the fuel filter/water separator and drain
off any water or sediment.
Check the battery electrolyte level before
use. See Checking the battery electrolyte
level (serviceable batteries only) on
page 54.
4. Dispose of waste properly.
5. Tighten the drain plug and open the fuel
cock.
Checking the Alarm Indicators
Check the instruments and alarm
indicators at regular intervals.
Preparing Fuel, Oil and Coolant
in Reserve
Prepare sufficient fuel for the day’s
operation. Always store engine oil and
coolant in reserve (for at least one refill) on
board, to be ready for emergencies.
Checking Power Steering Fluid
See Checking Power Steering Fluid Level
on page 34.
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After Initial 50 Hours of
Operation
3. Loosen the engine oil filter cap
(2, Figure 1) 1 - 2 turns with a socket
wrench. Allow to sit a few minutes to
allow oil to drain into crankcase.
Perform the following maintenance
procedures after the initial 50 hours of
operation.
2
1
• Changing the engine oil and replacing
the engine oil filter
• Checking shift cable adjustment
• Adjusting the propeller shaft
alignment (if equipped with marine
gear)
■ Changing the engine oil and
replacing the engine oil filter
The engine oil on a new engine becomes
contaminated from the initial break-in of
internal parts. It is very important that the
initial oil replacement is performed as
scheduled.
It is easiest and most effective to drain the
engine oil after operation while the engine
is still warm.
K0003653
Figure 1
4. Remove the engine oil dipstick
(1, Figure 1). Attach an oil drain pump
and pump out the oil. Dispose of waste
properly.
5. Remove the engine oil filter cap and
filter assembly.
6. Remove the filter element from stem.
7. Replace the three O-rings
(1, Figure 2) on the stem.
WARNING
1
If you must drain the engine oil while it
is still hot, stay clear of the hot engine
oil to avoid being burned. Always wear
eye protection.
1. Turn engine OFF.
2. Remove engine cover.
NOTICE
Prevent dirt and debris from
contaminating engine oil. Carefully
clean the dipstick and the surrounding
area before you remove the cap.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
K0003652
Figure 2
8. Install a new filter element. Ensure the
filter fits snugly in the filter cap.
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
9. Install the cap and filter assembly.
Tighten cap by hand until the seal
touches the housing.
10.Tighten to 25 N·m (225 in.-lb).
11.Fill with new engine oil. See Adding
Engine Oil on page 33.
NOTICE
Never mix different types of engine oil.
This may adversely affect the lubricating
properties of the engine oil. Never
overfill. Overfilling may result in white
smoke, engine overspeed or internal
damage.
12.Perform a trial run and check for oil
leaks.
13.Approximately 10 minutes after
stopping the engine, remove the oil
dipstick and check the oil level. Add oil
if the level is too low.
■ Checking shift cable adjustment
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
■ Adjusting propeller shaft
alignment (if equipped with
marine gear)
The flexible engine mounts are slightly
compressed during initial engine operation
and may cause misalignment between the
engine and the propeller shaft.
This adjustment requires specialized
knowledge and techniques. See your
authorized YANMAR dealer or distributor.
54
Every 50 Hours of Operation
After you complete the initial 50 hour
maintenance procedures, perform the
following procedures every 50 hours or
monthly, whichever comes first.
• Checking seawater filter (if equipped)
and inlet
• Checking the air intake system
• Checking battery electrolyte level
(serviceable batteries only)
■ Checking the seawater filter (if
equipped) and inlet
Refer to boat builder’s literature for
information on the seawater filter.
■ Checking the air intake system
Check the air intake system for damage or
wear. If necessary, consult your authorized
YANMAR dealer or distributor for repair.
■ Checking the battery electrolyte
level (serviceable batteries only)
WARNING
Batteries contain sulfuric acid. Never
allow battery fluid to come in contact
with clothing, skin or eyes. Severe
burns could result. Always wear safety
goggles and protective clothing when
servicing the battery. If battery fluid
contacts the eyes and/or skin,
immediately flush the affected area with
a large amount of clean water and
obtain prompt medical treatment.
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NOTICE
Every 250 Hours of Operation
Never turn off the battery switch (if
equipped) or short the battery cables
during operation. Damage to the electric
system will result.
Perform the following maintenance every
250 hours of operation or yearly,
whichever comes first.
• Draining the fuel tank
1. Turn the battery master switch OFF (if
equipped) or disconnect the negative
(-) battery cable.
2. Do not operate with insufficient battery
electrolyte as the battery will be
destroyed.
• Replacing the fuel fine filter
• Replacing the fuel filter/water
separator element
• Changing the engine oil and replacing
the engine oil filter element
• Checking or replacing the seawater
pump belt
NOTICE
Never attempt to remove the covers or
fill a maintenance-free battery.
3. Remove the caps and check the
electrolyte level in all cells.
4. If the level is lower than the minimum fill
level (1, Figure 3), fill with distilled
water (2, Figure 3) (available locally)
up to the upper limit (3, Figure 3) of the
battery.
• Replacing the anodes
• Checking or replacing the seawater
pump impeller
• Replacing the turbocharger heat
shield
• Checking the exhaust/water mixing
elbow
• Replacing the air filter element
• Cleaning the turbocharger blower
• Checking or replacing the alternator
belt
3
1
2
K0002388
Figure 3
Note: The maximum fill level is
approximately 10 - 15 mm (3/8 - 9/16
in.) above the plates. Battery fluid
tends to evaporate in high
temperatures, especially in summer.
In such conditions, inspect the
battery more often.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
• Changing the power steering fluid
• Checking the shift cable adjustment
• Adjusting the propeller shaft
alignment
• Checking the hydraulic oil cooler
• Checking or replacing rubber hoses
• Checking flexible engine mounts
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
■ Draining the fuel tank
■ Replacing the fuel fine filter
1. Disconnect the battery negative (-)
cable.
2. Close the fuel tank cock.
3
1
2
1
002875-02X01
1 – Sediment bowl
2 – Drain cock
3 – Fuel line to engine
Figure 4
Note: Typical fuel tank shown. Actual
equipment may differ.
1. Turn engine OFF.
2. Put a container under the drain cock
(2, Figure 4) to catch fuel.
3. Open the drain cock and drain water
and sediment. Close the drain cock
when the fuel is clean.
4. Dispose of waste properly.
K0006638
Figure 5
3. Unscrew and remove filter cartridge
(1, Figure 5).
4. Replace rubber seal.
5. Replace filter.
NOTICE
When replacing fuel filters, always
pre-fill them with fresh, clean fuel to
improve the system's ability to be bled.
6. Hand-tighten cartridge to filter.
7. Connect battery negative (-) cable.
8. Bleed the fuel system and check for
leaks. See Bleeding the Fuel System
on page 28.
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■ Replacing fuel filter/water
separator element
Note: YANMAR supplies a water
separating pre-filter separate from
the engine. Location and type of
filter may vary.
3
1. Disconnect the battery negative (-)
cable.
2. Close the fuel tank cock.
3. Loosen the drain plug (4, Figure 6) on
the bottom of the fuel filter/water
separator and drain off any water or
sediment.
2
4. Disconnect water sensor connector
(1, Figure 6).
5. Turn the filter bowl (5, Figure 6)
counterclockwise to remove.
6. Remove the old filter element.
7. Clean the filter bowl. Inspect the water
sensor probe (1, Figure 6) for damage
if equipped. Inspect the bowl seal
(2, Figure 6).
5
1
4
K0003650
NOTICE
Figure 6
When replacing fuel filters, always
pre-fill them with fresh, clean fuel to
improve the system's ability to be bled.
8. Lubricate the seal at the top of the new
filter element (3, Figure 6) and install.
9. Lubricate the filter bowl seal
(2, Figure 6) and install the filter bowl
(5, Figure 6). Turn clockwise by hand
to tighten.
10.Ensure drain plug (4, Figure 6) is
securely tightened.
11.Connect water sensor connector
(1, Figure 6) if equipped.
12.Open the fuel cock.
13.Connect the battery negative (-) cable.
14.Bleed air from the fuel system and
check for leaks. See Bleeding the Fuel
System on page 28.
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
■ Changing the engine oil and
replacing engine oil filter element
■ Replacing the zinc anodes
To change engine oil and replace the
engine oil filter element, see Changing the
engine oil and replacing the engine oil filter
on page 53 .
■ Checking or replacing the
seawater pump and alternator
belts
2
1
K0006569
Figure 8
2
There are zinc anodes in the seawater
cooling system and they should be
inspected and replaced periodically.
1
K0003662
Figure 7
Zinc anodes are located in the heat
exchanger (1, Figure 8) and the charge air
cooler (2, Figure 8). An additional zinc
anode may also be located in the
exhaust/water mixing elbow.
NOTICE
1. Disconnect battery negative (-) cable.
Never get any oil on the belt(s). Oil on the
belt causes slipping and stretching.
Replace the belt if it is damaged.
2. Remove each anode and inspect for
corrosion. Any anode having less than
half its original size remaining should
be replaced.
1. Disconnect battery negative (-) cable
from the battery.
2. Remove belt guard.
3. Check the seawater pump belt
(1, Figure 7) and alternator belt
(2, Figure 7) for wear, cracks or
damage.
4. Replace if necessary. See your
authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
NOTICE
Never use thread sealer or thread
sealing tape when installing zinc
anodes. Anodes must make good
metal-to-metal contact to perform
properly.
3. Install each anode using a new copper
gasket and tighten to 25 N·m (18 ft-lb).
4. Start engine and check for water leaks.
5. Install belt guard and connect battery
negative (-) cable.
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■ Checking or replacing the
seawater pump impeller
■ Cleaning the turbocharger
blower
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
■ Replacing the turbocharger heat
shield
■ Checking or replacing alternator
belt
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
See Checking or replacing the seawater
pump and alternator belts on page 58.
■ Checking exhaust/water mixing
elbow
■ Changing power steering fluid
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
■ Replacing air filter element
■ Checking shift cable adjustment
See Checking shift cable adjustment on
page 54.
1. Turn engine OFF.
2. Remove engine cover.
■ Adjusting the propeller shaft
alignment
3. Remove clamp (1, Figure 9).
2
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
1
See Adjusting propeller shaft alignment (if
equipped with marine gear) on page 54.
■ Checking hydraulic oil cooler
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
■ Checking or replacing rubber
hoses
K0006570
Figure 9
4. Remove air filter (2, Figure 9).
5. Replace air filter.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
Check rubber water and fuel hoses for
wear or damage. See your authorized
YANMAR dealer or distributor for
replacement.
■ Checking or replacing flexible
engine mounts
Check the flexible engine mounts for wear
or damage. See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor for replacement.
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Every 500 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
500 hours of operation or every 2 years,
whichever comes first.
• Checking the fuel pump and fuel lines
• Draining and refilling closed cooling
system (engine coolant)
■ Checking the fuel pump and fuel
lines
5. Remove drain plug (1, Figure 10) from
the engine block. Allow coolant to drain
into a container of appropriate size.
WARNING
Never remove the coolant filler cap if
the engine is hot. Steam and hot
engine coolant will escape and
seriously burn you. Allow the engine
to cool before attempting to remove
the filler cap.
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
1
■ Draining and refilling closed
cooling system (engine coolant)
1. Disconnect battery negative (-) cable.
2. Remove the engine cover.
3. Remove the coolant pressure cap from
heat exchanger.
4. Remove the heat exchanger to access
the cylinder block drain plug behind it.
Note: The charge air cooler has been
removed for clarity of
(Figure 10).
K0003660
Figure 10
6. Install cylinder block drain plug with a
new gasket.
7. Install heat exchanger. Ensure the
drain cock (1, Figure 11) on the heat
exchanger is closed.
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Figure 1
1
2
Every 1000 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
1000 hours of operation or every 4 years,
whichever comes first.
• Checking flexible engine mounts
■ Checking flexible engine mounts
Check flexible engine mounts for damage,
cracks or wear. See your authorized
YANMAR marine dealer or distributor for
replacement.
K0006621
Figure 11
8. Remove the pressure cap
(2, Figure 11) from the heat exchanger.
9. Inspect the cap gasket and flange on
the filler neck for damage. Replace if
necessary.
10.Check the rubber hose connecting the
reservoir to the heat exchanger. Be
sure the hose is securely connected
and there is no damage.
11.Fill the heat exchanger and reservoir
with approved coolant mix.See Adding
engine coolant on page 36.
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Every 2000 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
2000 hours of operation or every 8 years,
whichever comes first.
• Replacing seawater pump impeller
• Replacing alternator belt
■ Replacing seawater pump
impeller
See your authorized YANMAR marine
dealer or distributor for replacement.
■ Replacing alternator belt
See your authorized YANMAR marine
dealer or distributor for replacement.
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
TROUBLESHOOTING
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Before performing any troubleshooting
procedures within this section, review the
Safety section on page 3.
If a problem occurs, stop the engine
immediately. Refer to the Symptom
column in the Troubleshooting Chart to
identify the problem.
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TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING AFTER STARTING
Just after the engine has started, check the following items at a low engine speed:
Is sufficient water being discharged from the seawater outlet pipe?
If the discharge is low, stop the engine immediately. Identify the cause and repair.
Is the smoke color normal?
The continuous emission of black smoke indicates engine overloading. This shortens the
engines life and should be avoided.
Are there abnormal vibrations or noise?
Depending on the hull structure, engine and hull resonance may suddenly increase at
certain engine speed ranges, causing heavy vibrations. Avoid operation in this speed
range. If any abnormal sounds are heard, stop the engine and inspect for cause.
Alarm sounds during operation.
If the alarm sounds during operation, lower the engine speed immediately, check the
alarm lamps and stop the engine for repairs.
Is there water, oil or fuel leakage? Are there any loose bolts or connections?
Check the engine room daily for any leaks or loose connections.
Is there sufficient fuel in the fuel tank?
Refill fuel in advance to avoid running out of fuel. If the tank runs out of fuel, bleed the fuel
system. See Bleeding the Fuel System on page 28.
When operating the engine at low speed for long periods of time, race the engine once
every 2 hours. Racing the engine with the clutch in NEUTRAL, accelerate from the
low-speed position to the high-speed position and repeat this process about five times.
This is done to clean out carbon from the cylinders and the fuel injection valves.
NOTICE
Neglecting to race the engine will result in poor smoke color and reduce engine
performance.
Periodically operate the engine near maximum speed while underway. This will generate
higher exhaust temperatures, which will help clean out hard carbon deposits, maintain
engine performance and prolong the life of the engine.
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12/05
TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION
If the engine does not operate properly, refer to the Troubleshooting Chart on page 66 or
see your authorized YANMAR Marine dealer or distributor.
Supply the authorized YANMAR Marine dealer or distributor with the following information:
• Model name and serial number of your engine
• Boat model, hull material, size (tons)
• Use, type of boating, number of hours run
• Total number of operation hours (refer to hourmeter), age of boat
• The operating conditions when the problem occurs:
• Engine speed (min-1)
• Color of smoke
• Type of diesel fuel
• Type of engine oil
• Any abnormal noises or vibration
• Operating environment such as high altitude or extreme ambient temperatures, etc.
• Engine maintenance history and previous problems
• Other factors that contribute to the problem
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TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
Starting Trouble
Problem/Symptom
Engine will not crank
Engine cranks but will not start
Cause
Action
Discharged battery
Charge/replace battery
Blown fuse
Replace fuse
Defective starter motor
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Loose wiring connections
Tighten connections
Electrical panel power circuit
breaker is tripped
Reset circuit breaker
No fuel to engine
Check fuel level in tank
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
No fuel to cylinders
Check fuel filter/water separator
Clean or replace clogged fuel fine
filter
Bleed air from fuel system
Replace blown fuse (F3)
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
66
Low ambient temperature
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Oil high
Replace with correct viscosity oil for
operating conditions
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Smoke Color
Problem/Symptom
White smoke
Cause
Cold engine
Action
Allow engine to warm to operating
temperature
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Incorrect fuel
Replace fuel with correct type
Defective (leaking) fuel injector
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Injection timing is incorrect
White smoke with water vapor
Leaking cylinder head gasket
Leaking charge air cooler
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Cracked cylinder head
Cracked cylinder
Blue smoke
Worn piston rings/cylinders
Oil leak in turbocharger (oil present
in intake manifold)
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Damaged piston cooling nozzles
Black smoke under load
Clogged intake air filter
Replace or clean as necessary
Incorrect valve timing
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Defective (leaking) fuel injector
Low charge air pressure
Clean or replace clogged air filter
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Excessive exhaust back pressure
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Plugged intake port(s)
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Vibration - Drive Disengaged
Problem/Symptom
Rough at all engine speeds
Cause
Action
Air in fuel system
Bleed fuel system
Faulty fuel injector
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Leaking cylinder head gasket
Damaged intake or exhaust valves
Incorrect injection pressure
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Vibration - Drive Engaged
Problem/Symptom
Rough at all speeds
Cause
Action
Engine and propeller shaft
misaligned
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Leaking cylinder head gasket
Bent propeller shaft
Rough at higher speeds
Bent propeller
Slipping clutch/clutch dog
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Incorrect injection pressure
Injection timing is incorrect
Engine Knocks
Problem/Symptom
Excess fuel injected
Cause
Action
Defective fuel injector
High fuel injection pressure
Noise changes with engine load
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Incorrect or poor quality fuel
Drain and refill tank with proper fuel
Worn crankshaft/bearings
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Broken piston/rings
Low Power Output
Problem/Symptom
Miscellaneous
Cause
Action
Clogged air filter
Replace air filter
Leaking cylinder head gasket
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Damaged turbocharger
Incorrect propeller
Excessive exhaust back pressure
Fuel
Low fuel injection pressure
Plugged fuel filter(s)
Replace as necessary
Faulty fuel supply pump
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Defective fuel pressure
regulator/sensor
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Worn high-pressure fuel pump
Injection timing is incorrect
Low engine speed at wide open
throttle
Propeller pitch too great
Engine overheated
See your authorized YANMAR
dealer or distributor
Damaged turbocharger
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Engine Overheat
Problem/Symptom
Instrument shows high
temperature
Cause
Action
Clogged seawater inlet
Clean
Low coolant level
Fill with coolant/inspect for leaks
Clogged seawater filter (if
equipped)
Clean
Clogged hydraulic cooler
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor
Seawater pump worn or damaged
Defective sensor/instrument
Defective thermostat
Damaged closed coolant pump
Combustion gas leakage (causes
loss of coolant)
Seawater pump belt slips or pump
pulley loose on pump shaft
Clogged heat exchanger
Engine Runs Cold
Problem/Symptom
Instrument shows low
temperature
Cause
Defective sensor/instrument
Defective thermostat
Action
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor
Cabin heater or boiler too large
Coolant Loss
Problem/Symptom
Repeated low coolant level
Cause
Defective cylinder head gasket
(external leakage)
Action
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor
External leakage at connection
Coolant forced out of coolant
recovery tank
Turbocharging pressure enters
cooling system via leaking charge
air cooler
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor
Defective cylinder head gasket
(internal leakage)
White smoke when engine hot
indicates water vapor
Crack in cylinder head (not cracks
between valve seats)
See your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor
Cracked cylinder wall
Leaking cylinder head gasket
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TROUBLESHOOTING
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES
When certain faults occur, or when certain limits have been exceeded, the engine ECU
may generate a “Check Engine” warning or turn on a check engine light (if equipped).
Some of these faults may also generate a DTC or Diagnostic Trouble Code and an
audible alarm. If a DTC is generated, the engine ECU will store that code or codes for
reference. To read the DTC codes, a special tool is used by the technician. The technician
then can use a list to more quickly find the cause of the fault and correct it.
Some conditions will produce an alarm but do not generate a trouble code. An example is
engine overheat (over 108 °C) caused by an obstructed seawater inlet. The overheat
alarm will sound and the engine torque will be reduced to protect the engine, but no code
will be set.
Under some conditions, the warning alarm will sound until the fault code is checked and
corrected. Under other conditions, the alarm will be canceled if the engine is turned off and
then restarted.
For further information, please contact your authorized YANMAR distributor or dealer.
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TROUBLESHOOTING
12/05
Diagnostic Trouble Code Table
Code
Part or system
Mode
Run or
condition
engine
can start
Check
engine
alarm
1000 min-1
Yes
No
No code
Coolant temp
Under 0 °C (32 °F)
No code
Coolant temp
Over 108 °C (226 °F)
Reduce
Yes
No
No code
Coolant temp
Over 110 °C (230 °F)
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
No code
Charge air temp
Over 110 °C (230 °F)
Reduce
Yes
No
No code
Boost pressure
reading
4BY2 - over 1.9 bar (27.5 PSI)
(relative*) or 2.9 bar (42.0 PSI)
(absolute**)
6BY2 - over 2.3 bar (33.3 PSI)
(relative*) or 3.3 bar (42.9 PSI)
(absolute**)
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
No code
Fuel temperature
Over 90 °C (194 °F)
Reduce
Yes
No
No code
Neutral switch
Only in case of analog throttle
or in case of CAN-fault
(U0001), wrong configuration neutral position
No
No
Alarm
P0001
Fuel metering unit
Not connected
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0003
Fuel metering unit
Short circuit to ground
No
No
Alarm
P0004
Fuel metering unit
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0087
Rail pressure governor
deviation
Fuel rail pressure out of range
Reduce or
shut off
Depends
on fault
Alarm
P0088
Rail pressure governor
deviation
Fuel rail pressure out of range
Reduce or
shut off
Depends
on fault
Alarm
P0089
Rail pressure governor
deviation
Fuel rail pressure out of range
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0090
Fuel pressure control
valve
Not connected
No
No
Alarm
Rail pressure governor
deviation
Fuel rail pressure out of range
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0091
Fuel pressure control
valve
Short circuit to ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0092
Fuel pressure control
valve
Short circuit to B+
No
No
Alarm
P0112
Charge air temp
Over 125 °C (257 °F)
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Charge air temp
sensor
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Charge air temp
Under -20 °C (-4 °F)
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Charge air temp
sensor
No connection/short circuit to
ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0117
Coolant temp sensor
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0118
Coolant temp sensor
No connection/short circuit to
ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0113
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TROUBLESHOOTING
Code
P0122
Part or system
Mode
Run or
condition
engine
can start
Check
engine
alarm
Throttle signal
Both throttle signals are
missing/short circuit to ground
1600
Yes
Alarm
Throttle signal
Throttle signal 1 is
missing/short circuit to ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Throttle signal
Both throttle signals are short
circuited to B+
1600
Yes
Alarm
Throttle signal
Throttle signal 1 short circuit to
B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0182
Fuel temperature
sensor
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0183
Fuel temperature
sensor
No connection/short circuit to
Ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0192
Fuel rail pressure
sensor
Short circuit to ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0193
Fuel rail pressure
sensor
No connection/short circuit B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0201
Injector No. 1
Open circuit/short circuit to
Ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0202
Injector No. 2
Open circuit/short circuit to
Ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0203
Injector No. 3
Open circuit/short circuit to
Ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0204
Injector No. 4
Open circuit/short circuit to
Ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0205
Injector No. 5
Open circuit/short circuit to
Ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0206
Injector No. 6
Open circuit/short circuit to
Ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0222
Throttle signal
Both throttle signals are
missing/short circuit to Ground
1600
Yes
Alarm
Throttle signal
Throttle signal 2 is
missing/short circuit to ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Throttle signal
Both throttle signals are short
circuited to B+
1600
Yes
Alarm
Throttle signal
Throttle signal 2 short circuited
to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Fuel feed pump
Not connected
No
No
Alarm
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
No
No
Alarm
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0123
P0223
P0230
P0231
Fuel feed pump
Short circuit to ground
P0232
Fuel feed pump
Short circuit to B+
P0236
Boost pressure
Plausibility check with APS
(ambient air pressure sensor)
fail
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TROUBLESHOOTING
12/05
Code
P0237
Part or system
Mode
Run or
condition
engine
can start
Check
engine
alarm
Boost pressure
Under 0.5 bar (7.3 PSI)
(absolute**)
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Boost pressure sensor
No connection/short circuit to
ground
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Boost pressure
4 bar (58.0 PSI) (absolute**)
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
Boost pressure sensor
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0243
Turbocharger positive
boost pressure
deviation
Leakage in the air routing (hole
in the charge air pipe)
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0261
Injector No. 1
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0264
Injector No. 2
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0267
Injector No. 3
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0270
Injector No. 4
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0273
Injector No. 5
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0238
P0276
Injector No. 6
Short circuit to B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0299
Turbocharger negative
boost pressure
deviation
Boost pressure actuator is
sticking defect waste gate hose
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0344
Crankshaft speed
sensor
Disagreement between
camshaft speed sensor and
crankshaft speed sensor
No
No
Alarm
P0380
Glow control relay
actuator
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0562
System voltage low
–
Yes
No
Alarm
P0563
System voltage high
–
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0602
Control module
programming error
(hwemon)
Overvoltage/undervoltage
No
No
Alarm
Shut off path
Control module programming
error
No
No
Alarm
P0607
Injector chip fault
Injector control module
performance
No
No
Alarm
P0642
Sensor supply
monitoring 1
Short circuit
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0643
Sensor supply
monitoring 1
Short circuit
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0650
Check engine lamp
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0652
Sensor supply
monitoring 2
Short circuit
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P0653
Sensor supply
monitoring 3
Short circuit
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
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TROUBLESHOOTING
Code
Part or system
Mode
Run or
condition
engine
can start
Check
engine
alarm
P0670
Glow plug control
module
Failure, short circuit,
over-current
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0671
Glow system - glow
spark No. 1
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0672
Glow system - glow
spark No. 2
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0673
Glow system - glow
spark No. 3
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0674
Glow system - glow
spark No. 4
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0675
Glow system - glow
spark No. 5
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0676
Glow system - glow
spark No. 6
Not connected, short circuit
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P0689
Main relay
Power relay sense short circuit
low
No
No
Alarm
P0690
Main relay
Power relay sense short circuit
high
No
No
Alarm
P2049
4BY2 - Injector bank 1
Short circuit on high side to
ground/B+
No
No
Alarm
6BY2 - Injector bank 1
Short circuit on high side to
ground/B+
Reduce
No
Alarm
4BY2 - Injector bank 2
Short circuit on high side to
ground/B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
6BY2 - Injector bank 2
Short circuit on high side to
ground/B+
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P2227
Atmospheric pressure
Plausibility check with BPS
(boost pressure sensor) fail
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P2228
Atmospheric pressure
Short circuit low
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P2229
Atmospheric pressure
Short circuit high
Yes
Yes
Alarm
P2614
Camshaft speed
sensor
No connection/short circuit
Reduce
Yes
Alarm
P2617
Crankshaft speed
sensor
No connection/short circuit
No
No
Alarm
U0001
CAN throttle signal
No signal
Idle
Yes
Alarm
U0106
Glow control unit
No communication error
Yes
Yes
Alarm
U0426
Immobilizer
Manipulation error
No
No
Alarm
P2052
* Relative value is the value read on a pressure gauge attached to the intake pipe.
** Absolute is the value reported by the ECU and displayed at the helm digital display.
74
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
LONG-TERM STORAGE
If the engine is not to be used for an
extended period of time, special measures
should be taken to protect the coolant
system, fuel system and combustion
chambers from corrosion and the exterior
from rusting. It is recommended that you
see your authorized YANMAR marine
dealer or distributor to prepare the engine
for long-term storage.
The engine can normally stand idle for up
to six months. If it remains unused for
longer than this, please contact your
authorized YANMAR marine dealer or
distributor.
PREPARE ENGINE FOR
LONG-TERM STORAGE
NOTICE
Do not drain closed cooling system for
long-term storage. Antifreeze must be
used to avoid freezing and damaging of
components. Antifreeze will prevent
rusting during long-term storage.
1. Change engine oil and filter.
Winter Storage
2. Drain seawater cooling system. See
Draining the Seawater Cooling System
on page 76.
Drain water from fuel tank and fuel filters
before and after extended storage.
3. Wipe off any dust or oil from the outside
of the engine.
To reduce the risk of condensation in the
fuel tank during winter storage, fill the tank
with fuel and treat with diesel fuel
stabilizer.
4. Drain fuel tank or fill the tank to prevent
condensation.
5. Grease the exposed areas and joints of
the remote control cables and the
bearings of the remote control handle.
6. Seal the intake silencer, exhaust pipe,
etc. to prevent moisture or
contamination from entering engine.
7. Completely drain bilge in hull bottom.
8. Waterproof the engine room to prevent
rain or seawater from entering.
9. Charge the battery once a month to
compensate for battery’s
self-discharge.
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LONG-TERM STORAGE
10.Remove key from key switch and cover
key switch with moisture cap (if
equipped).
Draining the Seawater Cooling
System
CAUTION
• Do not drain the coolant system. A
full coolant system will prevent
corrosion and frost damage.
• If seawater is left inside of the engine,
it may freeze and damage parts of the
cooling system when the ambient
temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F).
NOTICE
If water fails to drain from any open drain
cock or port, remove the cock completely
and probe the opening with a small piece
of wire to loosen debris.
WARNING
Never drain the seawater cooling system
if the engine is hot. Steam and hot fluid
will escape and seriously burn you. Allow
the engine to cool before attempting to
opening the drain cocks.
1. Open the lower seawater drain cock
(3, Figure 1) located in the piping
between the seawater pump and
hydraulic oil cooler. Allow to drain.
2. Open the drain cock (4, Figure 1) on
the bottom of the charge air cooler.
3. Remove the seawater pump cover. See
your authorized YANMAR dealer or
distributor.
4. Remove zinc anodes from the heat
exchanger (2, Figure 1) and charge air
cooler (1, Figure 1) and allow water to
drain from housings.
5. Inspect condition of zinc anodes. Install
anodes. See Replacing the zinc anodes
on page 58.
NOTICE
Do not use thread sealer or thread
sealing tape when installing zinc
anodes. Anodes must make good
metal-to-metal contact to perform
properly.
2
1
6. Close all drain cocks.
3
4
K0006575
Figure 1
76
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
SPECIFICATIONS
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Engine model
Application design
4BY3-150/150Z
4BY3-180/180Z
6BY3-220/220Z
6BY3-260/260Z
Models numbers with no suffix letter are used in marine gear applications.
Models having a “Z” suffix are used with stern drive.
Number of cylinders
In-line 4
Type
In-line 6
15° inclined, water-cooled, dual overhead camshaft, 4-cycle diesel
Combustion system
Direct injection
Aspiration
Turbocharged with charge air cooler
Bore  stroke
84 mm  90 mm (3.307 in.  3.543 in.)
1.995 l (122 cu in.)
2.993 l (183 cu in.)
Firing order*
1-3-4-2
1-5-3-6-2-4
Compression ratio
16.5:1
16.5:1
Displacement
Continuous power (at
crankshaft**)/engine speed
kW/min-1
Fuel stop power (at
crankshaft**)/engine speed
kW/min-1
Low idle speed (warm engine @
88 °C [190 °F])
100/3876
120/3876
148/3876
174/3876
110/4000
132/4000
162/4000
191/4000
(150 hp)
(180 hp)
(220 hp)
(260 hp)
750 min-1 (ECU-controlled)***
1200 min-1 gradually decreasing to warm engine idle @ 88 °C (190 °F)
(ECU-controlled)
Cold start speed
@ 20 °C (68 °F)
4600 min-1
High idle speed
Rotation direction
Counterclockwise (viewed from flywheel)
No. of valves per cylinder
4
Valve adjustment
Turbocharger
670 min-1 (ECU-controlled)***
Hydraulic self-adjusting
MHI with pneumatic wastegate
Charge air cooler
HOLSET with pneumatic wastegate
Seawater cooled
Electrical system
12 V
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SPECIFICATIONS
Engine model
4BY3-150/150Z
4BY3-180/180Z
Starter
Charging system
Battery capacity - recommended
Fuel injection system
Fuel injection pressure
12 V/150 A
Common rail (ECU-controlled)
Variable depending on engine speed; 250 - 1600 bar (3626 - 23,206 PSI)
Variable (ECU controlled)
ECU threshold voltage
Coolant capacity
(approximate)
7.8 V
Closed cooling system with seawater heat exchanger
10 l (10.6 qt)
13 l (13.7 qt)
Seawater pump
Rubber impeller, belt driven
Capacity
165 l/min at maximum rating
Maximum lift
2000 mm (78.75 in.)
Hydraulic oil cooler
Seawater cooled
Lubrication system
Totally enclosed, forced lube system
Oil cooler
Engine coolant system
Engine oil pressure at 4000
min-1
3.5 - 6.0 bar (51 - 87 PSI)
Engine oil pressure at 1000
min-1
0.6 - 1.0 bar (8.7 - 14.5 PSI)
Engine oil capacity****
8.0 l (8.5 qt)*****
Crankcase ventilation
Marine gear
–
ZT370 or MerCruiser Bravo-1, -2, -3
KMH41A
KMH51A, KMH50V
Operational angles
–
Continuous
Front-to-rear: -5 to 20°, Side-to-Side: 20°
Peak
Front-to-rear: -5 to 25°, Side-to-Side: 30°
Height
721 mm (28.4 in.)
Length (without marine gear)
–
Stern drive (front-to-middle of
engine mount)
736.5 mm (30.0 in.)
942 mm (37.1 in.)
Marine gear (front-to-marine
gear mounting face)
644 mm (25.4 in.)
827.5 mm (32.6in.)
839.2 mm (33.0 in.)
1001 mm (39.4 in.)
Overall length
Width
78
11.0 l (11.5 qt)*****
Closed, with filter
Drive options
Stern drive
6BY3-260/260Z
12 V/85 Ah/680 CCA (cold cranking amps)
Injection timing
Cooling system
6BY3-220/220Z
12 V/2 kW (2.7 hp)
670 mm (26.4 in.) (local exceeding)
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SPECIFICATIONS
12/05
Engine model
4BY3-150/150Z
4BY3-180/180Z
Weight (without marine gear)
Dry (without mixing elbow)
6BY3-220/220Z
6BY3-260/260Z
–
For stern drive: 273.5 kg (603 lb)
For marine gear: 262.5 kg (575.7 lb)
For stern drive: 338 kg (745 lb)
For marine gear: 319 kg (703 lb)
*
Cylinder numbering starts at the coolant pump end of the engine.
**
Rating condition: ISO 8665. Temperature of fuel: 40 °C (104 °F) at engine inlet
1 hp (metric horsepower) = 0.7355 kW
Fuel condition: Density at 15 °C (59 °F) = 0.840 g/cm3
***
1080 min-1 at startup for alternator excitation
**** The “Total Engine Lubricating Oil Capacity” includes oil in the oil pan, channels, coolers, and
filter. The “Effective Engine Lubricating Capacity” indicates the difference in maximum scale of
the dipstick and minimum scale.
***** Capacity may vary depending on installation angle.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
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SPECIFICATIONS
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
80
BY3 Series Operation Manual
11-EPA_Warranty.fm
81 ページ
2012年11月8日 木曜日 午後1時8分
EPA WARRANTY
USA ONLY
BY3 Series Operation Manual
YANMAR CO., LTD. LIMITED
EMISSION CONTROL
SYSTEM WARRANTY - USA
ONLY
The following EPA Warranty only applies
to engines built on or after January 01,
2006 and labeled with the proper
nameplate.
THIS EMISSION WARRANTY APPLIES
TO THE ENGINES CERTIFIED TO
UNITED STATES EPA 40 CFR Part
1042.135 AND SOLD BY YANMAR THAT
ARE INSTALLED IN VESSELS FLAGGED
OR REGISTERED IN THE UNITED
STATES.
Your Warranty Rights and
Obligations:
YANMAR warrants to the first user and
each subsequent purchaser the emission
control system on your engine for periods
of time listed below provided the engine
has been installed according to YANMAR
installation requirements and there has
been no abuse, neglect, or improper
maintenance of your YANMAR marine
engine.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
YANMAR warrants that the engine is
designed, built and tested using genuine
parts and equipped so as to conform to all
applicable emission requirements of the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and
is free from defects in material and
workmanship which would cause this
engine to fail to conform to the applicable
emission regulations over its limited
emission control system warranty period.
Where a warrantable emissions condition
exists, YANMAR will repair your engine at
no charge to you for diagnosis, parts, and
labor. Warranty service or repair will be
provided at authorized YANMAR marine
dealers or distributors.
It is recommended that any replacement
parts used for maintenance, repair or
replacement of emission control systems
are YANMAR parts. The owner may elect
to have maintenance, replacement or
repair of the emission control components
and systems performed by any repair
establishment or individual and may elect
to use parts other than YANMAR parts for
such maintenance, replacement or repair.
However, the cost of such service or parts
and subsequent failures from such service
or parts will not be covered under this
emission control system warranty:
81
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EPA WARRANTY USA ONLY
Warranty Period:
Owner’s Responsibility:
The warranty starts on either the date of
delivery to the first end-user, or the date
the unit is first leased, rented, or loaned.
As the YANMAR marine engine owner,
you are responsible for the performance of
the required maintenance listed in your
Operation Manual. YANMAR recommends
that you retain all documentation, including
receipts, covering maintenance on your
marine engine, but YANMAR cannot deny
warranty solely for the lack of receipts or
for your failure to ensure the performance
of all scheduled maintenance.
For Pleasure Use: The warranty period is
five (5) years or 2000 hours of use,
whichever occurs first. In the absence of a
device to measure hours of use, the
engine has a warranty period of five (5)
years.
Warranty Coverage:
Repair or replacement of any warranted
parts will be performed at an authorized
YANMAR dealer or distributor. This limited
emission control system warranty covers
engine components that are a part of the
emission control system of the engine as
delivered by YANMAR to the original retail
purchaser. Such components may include
the following:
Your engine is designed to operate on
diesel fuel only. Use of any other fuel may
result in your engine no longer operating in
compliance with applicable emission
requirements. You are responsible for
initiating the warranty process. You must
present your marine engine to an
authorized YANMAR dealer or distributor
as soon as a problem exists.
1. Fuel injection system
2. Turbocharger system
3. Aftercooler
4. Electronic engine control units and its
associated sensor and actuators
Exclusions:
Failures other than those arising from
defects in material and/or workmanship
are not covered by this limited emissions
warranty. This warranty does not extend to
the following: malfunction caused by
abuse, misuse, improper adjustment,
modification, alteration, tampering,
disconnection, improper or inadequate
maintenance, improper storage or use of
non-recommended fuels and lubricating
oils, accident-caused damage, and
replacement of expendable and/or
consumable items made in connection
with scheduled maintenance.
82
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Customer Assistance:
If you have any questions regarding your
warranty rights and responsibilities or
would like information on the nearest
authorized YANMAR dealer or distributor,
you should contact Yanmar America
Corporation, Marine Engine Division for
assistance.
BY3 Series Operation Manual
Yanmar America Corporation,
Marine Engine Division
101 International Parkway
Adairsville, GA 30103
USA Telephone: 770-877-9894
Fax: 770-877-7567
Website: us.yanmar.com
E-mail: CS_support@yanmar.com
Toll Free Telephone Numbers:
1-855-416-7091
1-800-872-2867
83
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Maintenance Log
Date
84
Operating hours
Maintenance performed
Dealer name
BY3 Series Operation Manual
Stamp or
signature
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Date
Operating hours
Maintenance performed
BY3 Series Operation Manual
Dealer name
Stamp or
signature
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BY3 Series Operation Manual
‫ڦ‬Yanmar (Head office)
Umeda Gate Tower 1-9 Tsurunocho, kita-ku, Osaka,
Japan 530-8311
‫ ڦ‬Marine Operations Division
Quality Assurance Dept.
3-1, 5-Chome, Tsukaguchi-honmachi, Amagasaki,
Hyogo, Japan 661-0001
Phone: +81-6-6428-3251 Fax: +81-6-6421-5549
Overseas Office
‫ڦ‬Yanmar Europe B.V. (YEU)
Brugplein 11, 1332 BS Almere-de Vaart, Netherlands
Phone: +31-36-5493200 Fax: +31-36-5493209
‫ڦ‬Yanmar Asia (Singapore) Corporation Pte Ltd. (YASC)
4 Tuas Lane, Singapore 638613
Phone: +65-6595-4200 Fax: +65-6862-5189
‫ڦ‬Yanmar America Corporation (YA)
101 International Parkway
Adairsville, GA 30103, U.S.A.
Phone: +1-770-877-9894 Fax: +1-770-877-9009
‫ڦ‬Yanmar Engine (Shanghai). Co., Ltd.
10F, E-Block POLY PLAZA, No.18 Dongfang Road,
Pudong Shanghai, CHINA P.R.C. 200120
Phone: +86-21-6880-5090 Fax: +86-21-6880-8090
OPERATION MANUAL
4BY3-150, 4BY3-150Z, 4BY3-180, 4BY3-180Z
6BY3-220, 6BY3-220Z, 6BY3-260, 6BY3-260Z
1st edition: May 2012
2nd edition: January 2013
Issued by: YANMAR CO., LTD. Marine Operations Div.
Edited by: YANMAR TECHNICAL SERVICE CO., LTD.
MARINE ENGINES
http://www.yanmar.com
0ABY0-G00301
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