READ ME FIRST
The camera is shipped with the light shield curtain in the open position.
Therefore you cannot remove the body cap
unless you close the curtain first.
Please read page 10 of the instruction book
first.
The camera will not function without a battery.
Please read pages 8 and 9 next.
You will want to practice with the camera without film. This can be done in two ways. Either
leave the back cover open or set the Multi
Exposure Lever to Multi.
The instruction book was written for the black
finished camera. Subsequently a silver model
was added. The white index marks and dots on
the black model appear in black on the silver
model.
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the Mamiya 7II and welcome to the world-wide
family of happy Mamiya camera owners !
Mamiya pioneered the 6x7cm medium format SLR system camera when it introduced the
first Mamiya RB67 in 1970. In 1982 an additional model followed, the Mamiya RZ67 with
electronic features.
Both cameras soon became the market leaders and the preferred tool of trade for portrait,
commercial and magazine photographers all over the world and established the 6x7
rectangular image as the "ideal format".
Now we are proud to present the Mamiya 7II, 6 x 7cm rangefinder camera.
Reflecting Mamiya's traditional quality workmanship plus modern design, the Mamiya 7II is
compact and lightweight. It offers the handling ease of a 35mm camera, while yielding far
superior 4.5 times larger images. Featuring interchangeable, rangefinder coupled lenses
and AE metering, it also permits taking 24 x 65mm panoramic images on 35mm film, by
means of an optional adapter kit.
The Mamiya 7II lens program includes a standard 80mm lens, a 50mm and 65mm wide
angle lens, an ultra-wide 43mm lens and a 150mm telephoto lens.
The Mamiya 7II and its lenses have undergone extensive quality controls at every step of
manufacture. Please read this instruction manual thoroughly before you use the camera. A
proper understanding of all its features and functions will eliminate potential misuse and
ensure a long service life.
1
Contents
Neck strap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....35
Troubleshooting ......................................36
Lenses .......................................................37
Accessories .............................................39
System chart ............................................40
Specifications ..........................................41
Common Sense Camera Care and
Practice .....................................................42
Mamiya 7II, the ultimate 6x7
rangefinder camera .................................3
Nomenclature Parts ................................4
Camera Body ...........................................4
Lens ...........................................................6
Viewfinder display ...................................7
Inserting Battery ......................................8
Power ON/OFF and
Shutter Release Button ..........................8
Battery Check ...........................................9
Mounting/Removing Lenses ................10
Closing the light shield curtain ..............10
Removing camera body cap .................10
Mounting lens ..........................................11
Removing lens ........................................12
Precaution for mounting/
removing lenses ......................................13
Camera Functional Test ........................14
Before Loading the Film .......................15
Setting the film speed ............................15
Opening/closing the back cover ...........15
Setting the film type ................................16
Memo clip ................................................16
Loading the Film .....................................17
Taking Photographs ..............................20
AE (Automatic Exposure) Photography 20
Manual Photography ..............................22
Focusing the Lens ..................................24
Photographic area covered ...................25
Unloading the film ...................................27
Photographing to conform
to purposes ..............................................28
AE Lock(AEL) Photography ..................28
Self-Timer .................................................29
Time Exposures ......................................30
Flash Photography .................................31
Multiple exposure mechanism ..............32
Infrared Photography .............................32
Exposure Compensation .......................33
Diopter Correction Lenses .....................34
Depth-of-Field ..........................................34
How to Hold the Camera .......................35
2
Mamiya 7II, the ultimate 6x7 rangefinder camera
• Precision, super quiet, electronic shutter with
speeds from 4 to 1/500 sec., flash
synchronized at all speeds.
The Mamiya 7II is the only camera in the
world that has these exclusive features:
•
Ideal 6x7cm film format that enlarges
to standard photographic and industrial
paper sizes without cropping and
without wasting film. A size that can be
viewed with the naked eye and that is
easy to retouch.
•
Lightweight, compact, "quick on the
draw" and ergonomically designed to
fit in your hand like a glove.
•
Crisp, accurate, broad based,
split-image rangefinder, that is easy to
focus, even in poor light.
•
Bright viewfinder with frame lines that
are automatically indexed to match the
focal length of lens in use and that
automatically adjust for parallax.
•
Interchangeable, world-class Mamiya
lenses, utilizing the latest optical
glasses and computer aided design
and that take advantage of the
camera's short flange focal distance
(there is no mirror box) to reach new
heights in lens quality.
• Built-in "dark slide" curtain that permits
changing lenses with film in camera.
• Precision AE (automatic exposure) meter with
manual overrides.
• Self-timer (delayed action release) with
automatic turn-off.
• Optional external battery case to wear inside
clothing in extreme cold.
• Optional panoramic adapter that permits use
of 35mm film and yields 24x65mm images.
• Built with typical Mamiya quality for hard
professional use and long service life.
3
Nomenclature Parts
Camera Body
Self-timer pilot lamp
Film speed window
(ISO)
Exposure compensation
lock release button
Self-timer button
Exposure compensation
scale
Power on/off lever
Shutter speed Index
Mark
Rangefinder coupling
roller
Rangefinder window
Cable release socket
PC Terminal
Electronic contacts
Bayonet mount
4
Nomenclature Parts
Shutter speed dial
A/AEL release button
Film advance lever
Hot Shoe for
mounting electronic
Multi-exposure lever
Film setting index dots
Film starting indicator
5
Nomenclature Parts
Back cover
Viewfinder
eyepiece
Memo clip
120 • 220/135 selector index
window
Rubber eyecup
Back cover lock
release button
Back cover latch
Battery chamber
Carrying strap lugs
Light shield
curtain release
Film spool stud
Tripod socket
(The socket has U1/4" threads)
Light shield curtain
closing lever handle
Lens
Aperture ring
Focusing ring
Distance scale (m • ft)
Infrared index mark
Depth-of-field scale
Lens alignment dot
Rangefinder coupling lever
6
Nomenclature Parts
Viewfinder display
Bright field of view frame with 80mm F4 standard lens
Double-image
superimposing
range finder zone
Long time exposure
(under-exposure
[Blinks])
Bulb
Red warning lamp
The red lamp illuminates when
• the shutter is not cocked
• the light shield curtain is closed
• the film is not loaded
• the lens is not attached
• the battery power is weakening : The lamp blinks.
7
Over-exposure indicator
Inserting Battery
The camera will not function without a battery.
1. Remove the battery cover.
Remove the battery chamber cover on the bottom of the
camera with a coin or screwdriver.
2. Insert the battery.
The + terminal is indicated on the inside of the battery
chamber cover. Insert the battery as shown in the
Illustration, being sure to properly place the battery with
the “+” side up, facing the cover.
* Batteries
The Mamiya 7II uses one of 4SR44 silver oxide
battery, 4LR44 alkaline battery or 2CR1/3 lithium
battery.
CAUTION : Insert the direction of battery polarities
("+" and "-") correctly.
Power ON/OFF
Power ON
To turn the Power ON, align dot “A” on the power switch
lever with the “B” on the camera body.
Power OFF
To turn the Power OFF, align dot “A” on the power
switch lever with the dot “C” on the camera body.
Shutter release button
The shutter release button is designed so that pressure
can be applied in two stages. When it is lightly touched,
correct metering data is displayed on the bottom of the
view finder. When it is depressed all the way, the shutter
is released and an exposure is made.
The LED's are located at the bottom of the finder in order
not to interfere with the field of view of the wide angle
lens.
8
Battery Check
1. Set the shutter speed dial at 15.
Turn shutter speed dial and set the figure 15 at the dot
“A”
*When the shutter speed was already set at the
position A • AEL, the lock mechanism is
functioning. Therefore, turn the dial while
pressing the AE lock button “B” located at the
center of the shutter speed dial.
2. Half-pressing the shutter button.
When the shutter button is touched gently, the figure 15
lights in the red color at the bottom part in the viewfinder,
which indicates that the battery power is normal. If the
figure 15 blinks, it indicates drop of the battery power
below the allowable level, when prepare for the new
battery. When the battery power drops further, the figure
15 will not blink, and warning LED blinks. Replace the
battery with a new one.
•
Other than set figure 15, blinks and warning
LED lights, but check and confirm only set
figure 15.
•
Battery check can be done not only shutter
speed at 15 but also other shutter speeds,
viz: B - 1 /1 to 1 /500.
•
Even when AE photographing, the battery
check can be done with the shutter speed
indicated in the viewfinder.
9
Mounting/Removing Lenses
Closing the light shield curtain
1. Cock the wind-up lever.
After cocking the shutter, close the light shield curtain.
2. Close the light shield mask.
Set upright the light shield curtain closing lever handle
) following
“A” and turn it from the open position (
arrow direction and fit the white index line on the lever
to the closed position, the light shield curtain will be
closed. After the motion, bring down the light shield
closing curtain lever handle.
*The light shield curtain closing lever is ratchet
type. Do not stop turning without going all the
way. Be sure to turn until it clicks and stops.
If your finger is removed from the light shield
curtain closing lever immediately before its
stopping, it sometimes return to its original
position.
If the lever is brought halfway and left, the lens
removing button cannot be pressed.
Removing camera body cap
While pressing the lens release button “A” in, rotate the
cap counterclockwise, and align the groove “B” on the
cap's side with the lens alignment dot “C” on the body.
The body cap can then be pulled out.
10
Mounting/Removing Lenses
Mounting lens
1. Mounting lens.
Align Lens Alignment Dot “A” with the Camera Alignment
Dot “B”. Insert the lens into the camera body. Then turn
the lens in the direction of the arrow (clockwise) until it
clicks and locks into place.
* Remove the front and rear lens caps. The front
lens cap can be removed by pressing in the tabs
on the right and left with your fingers and pulling
the cap towards you.
The rear lens cap can be removed by rotating it
counterclockwise.
2. Opening the light shield curtain.
To open the light shield curtain, slide the light shield
curtain release lever along to follow the arrow
down and right. This will cause curtain to snap open.
The light shield lever indicator- (a white line) is then
aligned with
* When the light shield curtain is closed, the
shutter cannot be released. When taking a picture,
open the light shield curtain.
11
Mounting/Removing Lenses
Removing lens
1. Cock the shutter and close the light shield
curtain.
After cocking the shutter, close the light shield curtain
just as same as mounting the lens.
2. Remove the lens.
While pressing the lens releasing button “A”, turn the
lens in the arrow direction until the lens alignment dot
“B” lined up with the alignment dot “C” on the camera
body, and pull out the lens.
•
Never touch the light shield curtain. If
touched, light leakage or a malfunction
may result.
•
When removing a lens from the camera in
which the film is loaded, do not move the
light shield releasing lever. If this lever is
moved, the film will be exposed to the light.
•
When the light shield curtain is open the
lens cannot be removed. Close the curtain
to remove the lens.
•
When the lens has been removed and film
remains in the camera body avoid exposure
to direct sunlight as film fogging may
result.
•
Put the front and rear lens cap on the lens
when the lens is removed.
12
Mounting/Removing Lenses
Precaution for mounting/removing lenses
1) As the rangefinder coupling roller is precisely
adjusted, be sure not to touch with your hand or
move it with finger.
2) Gold plated electronic contacts are located inside
the bayonet mount and at the rear of each lens. If
oil, dirt, or other foreign matter collects on the
contacts, poor electronic information transfer
may result. When soiled, use a clean cloth to
wipe them.
3) Be careful not to damage the rangefinder
coupling lever and the shutter cocking lever at
the rear of each lens.
4) When mounting the 43mm, 50mm and 65mm wide
angle lenses make sure that the rear lens rims do
not touch the rangefinder coupling roller.
Position the front face of the lens which has been
removed as shown in the left illustration.
13
Camera Functional Test
Before using the camera, it is advisable to understand how it works.
① Power on/off lever ........................................ Set to ON. (See page 8)
② Film advance lever ....................................... Wind the lever to cock the shutter.
③ Light shield curtain ....................................... Open.(See page 11)
④ Back cover ................................................... Open.(See page 15)
(The shutter can be released without opening the back cover while the “Multi-exposure lever” is
being shifted to “MULTI” position. Be sure to return the “Multi-exposure lever” to original position
after completion of the test.) ......................... (See page 32)
⑤ Release the shutter ...................................... (See page 26)
Note:
If the shutter is not released, red warning lamp in the viewfinder will light; repeat steps ② to ④ again.
Tip:
To observe the function of the shutter release and the interaction between the light shield curtain shutter
and lenses, you need not load film in the camera. Just leave the back cover open.
14
Before Loading the Film
Setting the film speed
Set the film speed of the film being used by lifting up the
outer rim of the shutter speed dial and rotate it until the
correct ISO value appears in the window.
*Be sure to set the exact film speed, as otherwise
incorrect exposure will result.
ISO
25 • • 50 • • 100 • • 200 • • 400 • •
(32)(40)
(64)(80)
(125)(160)
(250)(320)
800 • •
(500)(640)
1600
(1000)(1250)
Opening/closing the back cover
While depressing the back cover lock button “A”, simultaneously push down the lock lever “B” in the direction of
the arrow and the back will open. When closing the back
cover, securely press both corners until it clicks.
15
Before Loading the Film
Setting the film type
This camera can use either 120 or 220/135 film. To set
for the type of film used, simply rotate the pressure plate
in either direction of the arrow until the white dot is at
120" or "220/135".
When set, "120" or °220/135" will appear in the small
window under the memo clip on the rear of the camera.
The number of exposures on the film counter is automatically set at 10 for 120 film and 20 for 220 film,
according to the position of the pressure plate.
Memo clip
This memo clip on the back cover is used to hold the
film box tab to serve as a convenient reminder of the
type of film in the camera or for recording other data.
16
Loading the Film
1. Operate the spool bearing release lever.
Push the spool release lever “A” on right side to the right,
and install the take-up spool in the take-up spool chamber
“B”, top first, then push the lower spool stud up.
2. Place the film in the film chamber.
Like installing the take-up spool, push the spool release
lever on left side to the left, place a roll of film in the film
chamber, making sure it seats properly. Make sure the
backing paper is in the position illustrated above, black
side facing the lens, colored side towards the back.
When the new roll has been inserted, be sure to reset
the lower spool stud by pressing it in. (Also, be sure to
reset the take-up spool stud in a similar manner.)
3. Insert the film into the groove of the spool in the
wind-up chamber.
Pull out the backing paper, and insert the tip into the slot
on the take-up spool as pictured.
17
Loading the Film
4. Align the start mark of the film with the start mark
on the body.
Wind the film advance lever until the small arrow (the
starting indicator on the backing paper) aligns with the film
starting indicator (▼) on the camera body. Then close the
back cover.
•
Thread the paper leader on the empty take up
spool so the film will be wound evenly and
parallel. This will prevent the film from
winding loosely or over the edge of the spool,
which can cause light leaks and film fogging.
•
If the multi-exposure lever “A” is shifted to
"MULTI" position, film will not advance.
5. Wind up the film advance lever.
Wind the film advance lever until it stops automatically
and " 1" appears in the exposure counter window.
Setting Start Mark with 220 Roll Film
To assure even frame spacing, and prevent overlapping,
be sure to wind the film up to the printed arrow start
mark, which appears after the dotted line.
18
Loading the Film
Prevention of Light Leaks Due To Loose Film
Winding
* Use your left thumb to press lightly on the
paper leader while advancing winding lever
slowly to assure smooth and tight film
take-up on the empty spool. Advance the
film and align the printed arrow start mark
with the small triangle start mark on the
camera. Then close the camera back.
For preventing the film loose winding
•
When any other numeral than "S" appears in the exposure counter window, it is an indicted
that the film is loaded. So do not open back cover.
•
If the film is not properly aligned with the “▼” indicator, the film may be improperly loaded
and cause spacing problems.
•
When a 6EX roll film (5 exposures) is used, the procedure of loading the film is the same as
with 120 roll film.
•
Make sure backing paper advances evenly between the spool flanges and does not begin to
slant. If it advances unevenly, remove the backing paper from the take-up spool and start over
again.
•
Do not pull excessively on the backing paper, and do not load/unload the film in direct
sunlight: bright light may fog the film.
•
Before loading the film into the camera, be careful of the film looseness.
•
When photographing with the 135 Panoramic Adapter, see its instructions.
19
Taking Photographs
AE (Automatic Exposure) Photography
The aperture priority metering device is incorporated into the rangefinder system. The correct shutter
speed for the preselected aperture will automatically be determined.
1. Align "A" on the shutter speed dial.
Align "A" on the shutter speed dial with the white line
index mark on the camera body.
2. Setting the film speed.
Set the film speed by lifting up the outer rim of the shutter speed dial and rotate it until the correct ISO value
appears in the window.
3. Set the aperture.
To set the diaphragm to a desired aperture, rotate the
aperture ring “A” until the appropriate figure is aligned
with the central red index line “B”.
* Click stops are provided at each engraved
aperture number but the diaphragm can be set
also for intermediate stops.
* At A or AEL, the dial is locked. The lock can be
released by pressing the AE lock release button
in the center of dial.
4. Half-pressing the shutter button.
When the shutter release button is slightly touched, an
LED indicating proper exposure will automatically light in
the viewfinder.
When it is depressed all the way, the shutter is released
and an exposure is made.
20
Taking Photographs
When “▼” LED blinks, it indicates overexposure.
Rotate the aperture ring to stop down to a
smaller f/stop until an LED indicates proper
exposure.
Blinking "LT" indicates under-exposure: rotate
the aperture ring until the LED stops blinking to
increase exposure.
Illuminating "LT" indicates that the shutter is set for a relatively long exposure from between 1 to 4
seconds.
When taking pictures at such slow speeds you must be able to hold the camera very steady, or increase
aperture to obtain higher shutter speeds, or best of all, use a sturdy tripod.
Under AE (automatic exposure) or AEL (AE lock), the LED display in the viewfinder will continue to
operate as long as the shutter release button is touched slightly. When you take your finger off the
button, the LEDs will go out.
21
Taking Photographs
Manual Photography
You may override the AE mode and select the aperture and shutter speed manually. Simply set the
shutter speed against the white line index mark and also set the lens aperture to the desired " f " stop.
1. Release A-AEL.
For releasing, depress AE lock releasing button “A”
located in the center of the shutter speed dial.
2. Set the shutter speed.
Rotate the shutter speed dial and align with index line of
the camera body.
• While rotating the shutter speed dial click-stop
functions at each step of engraved number but
the intermediate shutter speed cannot be used.
When using built-in exposure meter
1. Half-pressing the shutter button.
When the shutter release button is touched gently, the
selected shutter speed LED only will be continuously
illuminated or another LED may also flash.
2. In the case where one shutter speed is lighting.
When the pre-selected shutter speed LED only illuminates, it indicates the shutter speed for correct exposure.
3. In the case where two shutter speeds (one is
blinking) are displayed.
When the preselected shutter LED illuminates and one
other LED blinks the blinking LED indicates the shutter
speed for correct exposure.
Turn the shutter speed dial and/or aperture ring to align
the two LEDs until merged. The single LED indicates
correct shutter speed.
22
Taking Photographs
•
When on manual, 10 seconds after activation, the LED indicators will go out, to save battery
power. If they do so during metering, press the Shutter Release Button half way again.
Please note: The LED indicators will disappear 10 seconds after you remove your finger from
the shutter release button in the following situations:
1)
When the film advance lever is not advanced.
2)
When the light shield curtain is closed.
23
Taking Photographs
Focusing the Lens
When the lens has been focused, the double image superimposing rangefinder produces two
superimposed images with in the square of the viewfinder.
Focusing method within the double image
coincidence zone
Position the subject within the central square of the
viewfinder. As on the top left the subject will appear as
double images.
Rotate the focusing ring until the two images converge
and are superimposed as on the figure on the left. The
lens is now focused.
Focusing method at the edge of double image
coincidence zone
Look at the object through the rangefinder and rotate
the focus ring so as to make two images into one
without any imaginal slippage at the edge of the central
double image coincidence zone. As this method
improves the focusing preciseness, this is especially
effective for N150 mm f/4.5 L lens.
24
Taking Photographs
Photographic area covered
Within the viewfinder the subject area covered is indicated
by the visible bright frame. Parallax is automatically
compensated for according to the subject-to-lens distance.
The composition will be within in the lines of the bright
frame “A” for 6 x 7 format and “B” for 135 panoramic
format. 83% of the field of view is visible at infinity, and
100% is visible at the minimum focusing distance. The
appropriate bright frame area is automatically indexed
upon lens interchange.
However, for 43 mm, 50 mm lens, an exclusive viewfinder
must be used. Also, for composition check purpose, an
exclusive viewfinder for 150 mm lens is sold separately.
25
Taking Photographs
1. Pressing the shutter button.
Press the shutter release button when you have focused
and determined composition.
•
Wind the advance lever until it stops.
(Otherwise, a red warning Lamp in the viewfinder will signal that it is impossible to press the
shutter release button.)
•
Remove the front lens cap.
•
Do not advance the film too quickly, as this
might adversely affect film flatness, or frame
spacing.
•
While the shutter is functioning do not try to
cock the film advance lever, because the film
will be moved during exposure.
2. After completing the last exposure.
After completing the last exposure, wind the advance
lever several times until the film with its backing paper is
completely wound onto the take-up spool. The advance
lever will become easier to actuate when the film has
been completely wound on the spool.
26
Taking Photographs
Unloading the film
1. The back cover open.
While pressing the back cover lock button, push the back
cover open/close button, then the back cover will open.
2. Unloading the film.
Push the spool stud releases lever “A” to the right in
order to disengage the spool from the stud.
•
Simply push the upper rim of the spool with
your index finger as shown to lift up the other
end of the spool.
•
To prepare for another roll, remove the empty
spool from the film chamber, and place it in the
take-up chamber.
•
To remove the film before exposing the entire
roll, cap the lens and press the shutter release
button and wind the film onto the take-up spool
frame by frame.
•
For
unloading
method
of
Panoramic
photographing with 135 mm film, refer to
Instruction Manual for 135 Panorama Adapter
Kit AD701 (sold separately).
3. Seal the unloaded film.
Be careful not to let the roll of exposed film unwind. Be
sure to seal it immediately.
Handling of Exposed Film
• DO NOT remove exposed film from the camera under direct sunlight. Find a shaded area or
turn your back to the sun and shade the camera before you open it.
• Immediately place exposed film in your camera case or a bag, away from sunlight.
27
Photographing to conform to purposes
AE Lock (AEL) Photography
The AEL position is very useful when making selective exposure measurements of important subject
areas which are not in the center of the finder image when faced with difficult lighting conditions.
1. Align "AEL" on the shutter speed dial.
Rotate the shutter speed dial until "AEL" aligns with the
white index mark on the camera body.
2. Half-pressing the shutter button.
Position the important part of your subject in the central
square of the viewfinder -this will establish the correct
exposure. Then touch the shutter release button slightly
and an LED will light indicating the correct exposure.
3. When changing composition.
In above state, the exposure reading will be memorized.
After adjusting for composition as desired, release the
shutter.
If you cannot get close enough to your subject for another meter reading make substitute measurements
by pointing the camera to light and dark areas and calculate a mean exposure value or try taking a reading
off your palm.
28
Photographing to conform to purposes
Self-Timer
The shutter is released about 10 seconds after pressing the self-timer button. The LED on the front of the
camera illuminates for about 8 seconds, then blinks for about 2 seconds and then the shutter is released.
1. Fix the camera to a tripod.
2. Press the self-timer button.
Cock the wind-up lever and press the self-timer button
The self-timer mode cancels itself automatically.
• When the shutter is set to "B" (bulb), the self-timer does not operate.
• To override the self-timer, after having pressed the release, press the self-timer button
again. Then the self-timer lamp will go out and then the self-timer mode will be canceled.
• When using the self-timer the camera must rest on a steady support.
Precaution when Self-timer Photographing
• When battery check, the self-timer sometimes does not function because of the fact that the
amount of the battery to be consumed for shutter release function is different from that of the
self - timer functioning. In such a case, replace the battery with a new one.
29
Photographing to conform to purposes
Time Exposures
When taking an exposure longer than 4 seconds, set
shutter to "B" (bulb). At "B" the shutter will remain open
as long as the release is pressed down.
• In order to prevent camera movement it is best to
use a cable release and tripod.
Cable Release Attachment
The cable release can be screwed in the release socket
on the lower left side of the body as pictured.
Precautions for Bulb Photographing
• When bulb photographing, the battery is consumed. A new alkaline manganese battery is
durable for about 3 hours, silver oxide battery and lithium battery for about 7 hours. When the
battery is fully consumed, the shutter will be closed automatically.
[Using a tripod]
When using the camera with a large tripod head, the head may interfere with the spool stud, preventing
film from being loaded. To prevent this, use the optional tripod adapter N.
• The threaded tripod screw hole is 5.5mm deep and the use of a longer tripod screw might
result in damaging the camera. So be careful not to apply unnecessary pressure when
mounting the camera.
30
Photographing to conform to purposes
Flash Photography
The Mamiya 7II features an X synchro flash terminal and
its lens shutter system permits flash synchronization at all
shutter speeds.
Shoe-mounted flash units can be attached directly to the
hot-shoe, while flash brackets can be attached to the
tripod socket for larger flash guns.
Remove safety cover "A" to attach sync cord to PC
terminal on front left bottom of camera.
[Determining the aperture]
When using automatic flash units, refer to the instructions on the flash unit for correct aperture settings.
When using a manual electronic flash the guide number divided by subject distance gives the correct
aperture.
• 'X contact of this camera is an exclusive contact for strobe.
• Charged electronic flash units sometimes fire when they are attached to the camera. This
does not indicate a defective circuit.
• When using electronic flash, be sure to read its manual carefully.
• Be careful, if electronic flash is used at the "A" (Auto exposure) mode, overexposure may
occur.
CAUTION
• When an electronic flash is connected to the hot-shoe, currant moves through the
X contact. So be sure to put the safety cover supplied with the camera on the X
contact so that you will not receive an electric shock.
• When using strobe, never bring the camera close to human eyes (including
all living things) especially little children, because if it is flashed near the eyes,
it can cause serious visual trouble.
31
Photographing to conform to purposes
Multiple exposure mechanism
While pressing the lock release button “A”, move the
lever in the arrow direction to the multiple exposure
position.
It does not matter if the changeover to multiple exposure
is made before or after the first exposure. Once
changed, the shutter is released and wind-up lever is
cocked, but the film counter does not advance.
• When taking multiple exposures of subjects with
the same brightness, exposure compensation is
necessary. When taking multiple exposures of
subjects with different brightness, take an
exposure of the darker subject first. Then follow
with an exposure of the lighter subject.
• After finishing multiple exposure photographing,
be sure to return the lever to normal position.
Infrared Photography
When using infrared film, it is necessary to make a
focusing adjustment in order to achieve accurate focus.
This is because the focus position of the image deviates
from normal since the infrared ray wavelength is longer.
After focusing in the usual manner, check the distance
on the distance scale that is aligned with the center
reference mark “A” of the lens. Make the focusing
adjustment by turning the focusing ring in the direction of
the arrow in the accompanying photograph so that the
distance just observed is aligned with the infrared mark.
*When using infrared film, be sure to read the instructions with the film.
32
Photographing to conform to purposes
Exposure Compensation
The exposure compensator functions in a number of
important ways. It can be used to correct exposure
values (EVs) or the differences in brightness between a
primary subject and its background -especially when
over or under-exposures occur. It can also be used
when filters are employed or when engaged in available
light photography -or under high contrast conditions (i.e.
low or high key).
To set, press the compensator lock release button “A”,
and select the desired EV: graduations are 1/3 EV.
[When a filter is used]
Whether using the AE or manual mode simply compensate for the filter exposure factor as indicated in
the table below.
*After using exposure compensation, be sure to reset to "0".
Precautions for Using Polarized Light Filter (PL)
As this camera is the rangefinder type, it is impossible to check polarized light effect in the viewfinder.
However, it becomes possible to use the filter by means of following procedures.
Be sure to make prior test and check the effect beforehand.
1. Check the polarized light effect position.
Before fitting the PL filter to the lens, apply your eye to the filter and remember the position (a letter or
mark mentioned on the filter) or put a mask is on the filter front frame.
2. Fit to the lens.
Fit the filter so that the mark and the like put on the filter front frame will become to the same position.
• As the transmitting amount of light differs according to rotating angle of the PL filter, exposure
compensation is necessary.
• Make test photographing and calculate the compensation value.
• You may use either a circular type or linear type polarized light filter.
33
Photographing to conform to purposes
Diopter Correction Lenses
Six types of diopter correcting lenses are available for
near/farsighted people. Mount as indicated above.
Powers available are: +3, +2, +1, -1, -2, and -3.
+: Far-Sighted
-: Near-Sighted
Depth-of-Field
The depth-of-field varies according to the aperture. The
smaller the aperture (f/8, f/11, f/16...) the greater the
depth-of-field; the larger the aperture (f/8, f/5.6,...) the
smaller the depth-of-field. To take pictures which are
sharp from foreground to infinity or when taking
snapshots, the focusing range is extended or depth
increased by using a smaller aperture. When the subject
is to stand out, with the background out of focus, a larger
aperture is appropriate.
The depth-of-field scale on the lens indicates
depth-of-field in terms of the distance between subjects
on both sides of the scale. For example, when a 80mm
lens is stopped down to f/22, respectively, all objects
located within the ranges shown in the illustrations above
will be sharp.
* Refer to the instructions attached to individual
lenses for specific depth-of-field tables.
34
Photographing to conform to purposes
How to Hold the Camera
Because most out of focus pictures are the result of
camera movement, make sure not to move when
pressing the shutter button. Hold the camera with your
elbows close to your body: pressing part of the camera
on your forehead will help stabilize it. Then gently
release the shutter.
When making exposures longer than 1/30 sec., it is
advisable to use a tripod with a cable release.
Neck strap
Pass the neck strap through the carrying strap lugs, and
fasten it as shown.
TIP:
Be sure to focus the lenses by spanning the lower part
of the focusing collar with your fingers, in order not to
block the rangefinder window.
35
Trouble shooting
Uniquely designed to prevent errors. the Mamiya 7II incorporates numerous safety features. If the
shutter will not function, it is very likely due to user error rather than camera malfunction. Should there be
problems, be sure to review the following points.
• When the shutter wilt not function.
① Is the battery good?
② Is the power on/off lever set to the white dot "ON" position?
③ Has the film been completely advanced to the next frame?
Have all the exposures already been made (10 with 120, 20 with 220)?
④ Has the film advance lever been moved until it stops?
⑤ Is the light shield curtain closed?
(In the case of examples ③ ~ ⑤, the red warning Lamp will flash a warning on the lower left hand
comer of the viewfinder.
• When the lens cannot be removed:
Is the light shield curtain open?
The light shield curtain must be closed, and the film advance lever must be advanced and shutter
cocked to remove the lens.
• When the film cannot be advanced:
Isn't the multi-exposure lever shifted to "MULTI" position?
Film will not advance if the multi-exposure lever is shifted to "MULTI" position.
36
Lenses
N43mm f/4.5L
Lens construction : 10 elements in 6
groups
Angle of view
: 92°
Minimum aperture : 22
35mm equivalent : 21mm
Minimum focusing
distance
: 1m
Magnification at
minimum distance : 0.049
Area covered
: 1145 x 1421 mm
Filter size
: 67mm
Hood
: Bayonet type
Dimensions
: 42 (L) x 72 (D)mm
: 390g
Weight
N50mm f/4.5L
Lens construction : 10 elements in 6
groups
Angle of view
: 84°
Minimum aperture : 22
35mm equivalent : 25mm
Minimum focusing
distance
: 1m
Magnification at
minimum distance : 0.063
Area covered
: 895 x 1111 mm
Filter size
: 67mm
Hood
: Bayonet type
Dimensions
: 55 (L) x 70 (D)mm
: 456g
Weight
N65mm f/4L
Lens construction : 9 elements in 5
groups
Angle of view
: 69°
Minimum aperture : 22
35mm equivalent : 32mm
Minimum focusing
distance
: 1m
Magnification at
minimum distance : 0.078
Area covered
: 719 x 892mm
Filter size
: 58mm
Hood
: Bayonet type
Dimensions
: 65 (L) x 67 (D)mm
: 380g
Weight
37
Lenses
N80mm f/4L
Lens construction
Angle of view
Minimum aperture
35mm equivalent
Minimum focusing
distance
Magnification at
minimum distance
Area covered
Filter size
Hood
Dimensions
Weight
: 6 elements in 4
groups
: 58°
: 22
: 39mm
: 1m
: 0.097
: 580 x 719mm
: 58mm
: Bayonet type
: 56 (L) x 67 (D)mm
: 290g
N150mm f/4.5L
Lens construction
Angle of view
Minimum aperture
35mm equivalent
Minimum focusing
distance
Magnification at
minimum distance
Area covered
Filter size
Hood
Dimensions
Weight
38
: 6 elements in 5
groups
: 34°
: 32
: 71mm
:1.8m
: 0.096
: 581 x 721mm
: 67mm
: Bayonet type
: 96 (L) x 70 (D)mm
: 520g
Accessories
Lens case Type A
Lens hood
For 43mm f/4.5: Bayonet type
For 50mm f/4:
Bayonet type
For 65mm f/4:
Bayonet type
For 80mm f/4:
Bayonet type
For 150mm f/4.5: Bayonet type
All are supplied with the lenses.
The lens case is made of special material which
is very soft but tough and fits 43mm, 50mm,
65mm, 80mm and 150mm lenses.
Dimension: bottom diameter is 90mm and it is
160mm in length.
Diopter correcting Lenses
Cold temperatures can affect battery power.
Permits camera battery to be worn conveniently
inside clothing and connected to battery chamber
by wire.
External Battery Case PE702
Focusing accuracy diminishes when the eye
diopter is incorrect. So, it is advisable that near
and far sighted people use diopter correcting
lenses. Fit the proper diopter correcting lens to
the eyepiece.
6 types are available: +3, +2, +1, -1, -2, and -3.
Viewfinder FV701 for 43mm f/4.5 lens
See lens instructions booklet.
Tripod adapter N
Viewfinder FV703 for 50mm f/4.5 lens
This is used to mount the camera to tripod head.
Even when the tripod has a large head, the
adapter allows film to be loaded, while the
camera is attached to the tripod.
See lens instructions booklet.
Viewfinder FV702 for 150mm f/4.5 lens
Panoramic Adapter Kit AD701
When using the Panoramic Adapter, a wide
panoramic photograph can be taken by using
35mm film. The 135 panoramic Adapter Kit is
composed of the following:
① 135 Panoramic Mask
② Take-up Spool
③ Cassette Holder
④ Rewind Crank Unit
(Unit Weight: 110g)
• 135 Panoramic Picture Area and the Number
of Exposures.
Picture area: 24mm x 65mm
Number of exposures:
135 Film 36EXP .............16
135 Film 24EXP .............10
The picture area (24 x 65mm) provided by the
Mamiya 7II panoramic format is 3.3 x larger than
the 35mm panoramic format (13 x 36mm)
Note: A panoramic paper slide mount 24 x
65mm, is also available.
39
Accessories
System chart
40
Specifications
Type of Camera
: 6 x 7cm format interchangeable lenses, rangefinder camera, dou
ble formats (6 x 7 and 35mm panorama)
Film Used
: 120 Roll Film (10 exposures), 220 Roll Film (20 exposures), 135
Roll Film (16 exposures with 36 exp. film)
Actual Image Size
: 56 x 69.5mm with 120/220 film, 24 x 65mm with 135 film, using
Panoramic Adapter Kit
Film winding
: A single 185° stroke
Lens Mount
: Exclusive Bayonet Mount
Lenses
Ultra wide angle : 43mm f/4.5 L with Optical Viewfinder
Wide angle
: 50mm f/4.5 L with Optical Viewfinder, 65mm f/4 L
Standard
: 80mm f/4 L
Telephoto
: 150mm f/4.5 L
Shutter
: #00 electronic leaf shutter, B, 4 -1/500sec. ,electro-magnetic shut
ter release, X-contact synchronizing at all shutter speeds with hot
shoe and PC Terminal; Electronic Self Timer
(10 sec. delayed, automatic turn-off )
Multiple exposure
: Possible by means of multi-exposure lever.
Exposure Control
: Aperture priority AE, SPD receptor in viewfinder metering range:
EV3 - EV18 ( with 80mm f/4 lens ISO 100 ), Exposure compensa
tion: +2 - -2EV ( in 1/3EV steps ) Film speed range: ISO 25 - 1600
Rangefinder
: Lens declination, double image super imposing system: base
length 60mm ( effective base length 34.2mm)
Viewfinder
: Coupled with rangefinder: automatic bright line frame indexing (65,
80 and 150mm): parallax compensation: Magnification ratio: 0.57X:
83%* of the field of view visible at infinity: built - in shutter speed
and exposure display, safety interlock warning L.E.D.
*This information is based on a linear (horizontal/vertical) mea
surement.
Internal "Dark Slide" Curtain : To permit changing lenses with loaded camera
Safety Mechanism
: 1. Double exposure prevention
2. Shutter release is locked when internal dark slide curtain is
engaged.
3. Shutter release button lock lever
: one 6V (4SR44, 4LR44 or 2CR1/3 lithium) battery
Power Supply
Dimensions
: Camera body: 159(L) x 112(H) x 66(D)mm
Body with 80mm lens: 159(L) x 112(H) x 120(D)mm
Weight
: Camera body: 920g
Body with 80mm lens: 1,210g
*Specifications and features are subject to change without notice.
41
Common Sense Camera Care and Practice
The Mamiya 7II is a precision optical/mechanical
instrument, built for heavy professional use and a
long service life, if properly treated and
maintained. Please observe these basic caveats:
Specific Suggestions:
• Operate the film advance lever with easy
strokes. If moved too rapidly it may affect
spacing.
• Read instructions before using camera.
• Hold lens focusing mounts on bottom in order
not to block range finder window.
• Protect camera against shocks and falls. Use
neck strap supplied with it, whenever possible.
• Always test your equipment before going on
important assignments.
• Check the battery frequently and always carry
spares. The sealed battery supplied with the
camera may have been subject to storage
conditions which have reduced its service life.
The Importance of Proper Maintenance
Your camera has mechanisms like film
transport, shutter and diaphragm blades,
rangefinder couplings, etc. They are controlled
by gears, levers, springs, and so on. All require
special lubrication from time to time. Ambient
conditions can also affect these mechanisms,
as well as the electronic components and the
optical glass of your lenses. We therefore
suggest that you have your camera and lenses
checked, and if necessary serviced,
periodically.
• Be sure to wipe battery contacts before
installation and watch correct polarity.
• Battery life differs, depending on frequency of
use, type, age, storage condition, ambient
temperature (use External Battery Case in very
cold weather), etc.
• Always remove the battery (and film) when
camera is not used for a period of time.
• Always keep covers on lenses and camera
body.
• Do not store the camera at temperatures
exceeding 40°C (105°F) and -10°C (15°F).
Also avoid humid or sea air environment.
• Prolonged disuse shortens camera life.
Periodically exercise the shutter (at different
speeds, lens diaphragms and focusing mounts.
• Protect camera against rain and moisture.
• Do not touch lens surfaces. Use blower or lens
tissue to remove dust particles.
42
Common Sense Camera Care and Practice
Batteries Care
1. The sealed, new battery which is supplied
with this camera may have been subject to
storage conditions which have reduced its
service life. Therefore it is desirable to
replace it with a fresh battery as soon as
possible.
2. Carefully wipe the battery contacts before
inserting into the chamber. Failure to do so
may result in poor electrical contact and
consequent malfunctioning of the camera.
3. Always remove battery when camera is not
used for a while. Always carry spare batteries.
4. Battery life differs, depending on type, age,
storage condition, ambient temperature,
frequency of use etc.
5. Be sure to match the poles of the battery with
those shown in the diagram in the chamber.
6 Always keep batteries out of the reach of
children and never throw used batteries into a
fire or expose to excessive heat.
7. When going on trips be sure to carry spare
batteries to ensure that the camera will
function. Also, as batteries tend to temporarily
malfunction at temperatures below freezing,
when photographing in extremely cold
climates, carry the External Battery Case.
8. When you carry spare batteries, leave them in
the original factory packaging. If they are
"unpackaged", be sure to wrap them carefully
in order to prevent them touching each other
or any metal objects which can cause them to
short circuit and become useless.
43
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