BayTech | LASERSHARE PS-MIO | Owner`s manual | BayTech LASERSHARE PS-MIO Owner`s manual

OWNER'S MANUAL
________________
MODEL 24H
MULTIPORT CONTROLLER
Rev. 1.00 and higher
BayTech Publication #U140E055-01
Thank you for selecting a BayTech Model 24H multiport controller.
The data provided in this Owner's Manual explains the various ways you
can operate your unit and configure it to your own computer system. We
suggest that you read this manual carefully before attempting to install
the Model 24H and that you place special emphasis on correct cabling
and configuration. If you have any problems with your installation,
please contact a BayTech applications engineer for assistance.
BayTech also manufactures other data communications devices that
provide port sharing and expansion, port contention, buffered and
non-buffered printer sharing, network print servers, and statistical
multiplexing. If you would like information on any of these models,
please contact BayTech Customer Service.
We welcome any comments you may have about our products. And we
hope that you will continue to look to BayTech for your data
communications needs.
NOTE: The information contained in this document is subject to
change without notice.
Copyright 1994 by Bay Technical Associates, Inc.
IBM, IBM PC, IBM PC/AT, IBM PC/XT are products and registered
trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation.
Hewlett-Packard LaserJet and Draftmaster I Plotter are products and
registered trademarks of the Hewlett-Packard Company.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
GENERAL INFORMATION ....................................................................... 1
2
SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................... 3
3
INSTALLATION .......................................................................................... 5
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
CABLING.................................................................................................... 7
4.1
4.2
5
UNPACKING ................................................................................ 5
UTILITY SOFTWARE DISKETTE ................................................ 6
POWER ........................................................................................ 6
PARALLEL PORTS ...................................................................... 7
SERIAL PORTS............................................................................ 8
OPERATION ............................................................................................ 11
5.1
USER-PROGRAMMABLE FEATURES...................................... 11
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.2
SERIAL PORT CONFIGURATION ...............................
PARALLEL PORT DESTINATION................................
PORT LOGICAL NAME ...............................................
PORT SELECT CODE..................................................
MESSAGE TERMINATING CHARACTER ...................
DATA BLOCK LENGTH................................................
MODES OF OPERATION .............................................
11
11
12
12
13
13
14
5.1.7.1
5.1.7.2
5.1.7.3
5.1.7.4
5.1.7.5
5.1.7.6
14
14
15
15
15
15
MODE OF OPERATION 1 ..............................
MODE OF OPERATION 2...............................
MODE OF OPERATION 3...............................
MODE OF OPERATION 4...............................
MODE OF OPERATION 5...............................
MODE OF OPERATION 6...............................
OPERATING IN THE DIFFERENT MODES............................... 16
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
OPERATING IN MODE 1..............................................
OPERATING IN MODE 2 .............................................
OPERATING IN MODE 3..............................................
OPERATING IN MODE 4..............................................
OPERATING IN MODE 5..............................................
OPERATING IN MODE 6..............................................
17
18
18
19
19
20
5.3
5.4
5.5
LED INDICATORS...................................................................... 20
BINARY MODE........................................................................... 21
DATA FLOW CONTROL ............................................................ 22
5.5.1
5.5.2
6
CONFIGURATION .................................................................................. 25
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
7
HARDWARE HANDSHAKING...................................... 22
XON/XOFF HANDSHAKING ........................................ 23
MAIN CONFIGURATION MENU ................................................
STATUS......................................................................................
SET SERIAL PORT CONFIGURATION .....................................
CHANGE PARALLEL PORT DESIGNATION.............................
CHANGE PORT LOGICAL NAME..............................................
PROGRAM PORT SELECT CODE ............................................
CHANGE MESSAGE TERMINATE CHARACTER.....................
CHANGE DATA BLOCK LENGTH .............................................
CHANGE MODE OF OPERATION.............................................
26
27
29
32
33
35
36
37
37
MAINTENANCE ....................................................................................... 38
7.1
7.2
RETURNS TO THE FACTORY .................................................. 38
REPACKING FOR SHIPPING.................................................... 38
8
TECHNICAL SUPPORT........................................................................... 39
9
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION RADIO FREQUENCY
INTERFACE STATEMENT ...................................................................... 40
APPENDIX A
TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................... 41
APPENDIX B
INDEX .................................................................................................................... 46
The Model 24H Data Exchange System is a versatile, multi-function
data communication product that allows a single host computer system
such as an IBM PC to individually select up to twenty-three peripheral
devices (e.g., bar code readers, security systems, digital instruments,
etc.) and send data to the selected device. The Model 24H will
simultaneously multiplex incoming data from the peripheral devices to
be transmitted to the host system. The method of data transmission
from the peripheral devices to the host system is dependent upon the
mode of operation. The Model 24H features six user-selectable modes
of operation. The six modes of operation are described below.
Mode 1
Full Duplex Communication - Increases input/output
capabilities by allowing a single host computer to switch
between a maximum of twenty-three peripheral devices.
Provides bidirectional data transfer between the host
computer and the selected peripheral device.
Mode 2
All messages from all ports - Provides automatic
multiplexing of all messages from all peripheral devices.
Data is buffered until a terminating character is received
or until the buffer is full. The messages are then sent to
the host device preceded by a port identification code.
Mode 3
Single message from all ports - Same as Mode 2
(above), except that a single message is sent to the host
device from all peripheral devices upon request from the
host.
Mode 4
All messages from selected port - Same as Mode 2
(above), but with specific port selection.
Mode 5
Single message from selected port - Same as Mode 3
(above), but with specific port selection.
1
Mode 6
Time division multiplexing - Provides automatic
multiplexing of data from peripheral devices by
continuously scanning all ports to check for characters in
the receive buffers. If a receive buffer contains data, it is
transmitted through the host port in data blocks with each
data block preceded by a port identification code.
Transmission continues until the buffer is empty or until a
user-specified data block length has been transmitted.
In addition to the modes of operation, you may select the serial port
configuration (baud rate, word size, stop bits, parity and XON/XOFF)
for each port, the port select code, the message terminate character,
and the data block length. These configuration changes are
accomplished by entering the menu-driven configuration mode.
Changes are saved in non-volatile memory. The Model 24H will
translate between peripheral devices of different configurations.
Figure 1 below shows six applications, one for each mode of operation.
Figure 1
2
INTERFACE: Serial ports - Asynchronous EIA-232
(CCITT V.24), -12v mark, +12v space. Full duplex
communication. Optional EIA-422 and current loop.
Parallel ports - Centronics protocol.
I/O MODULES: (Maximum 6 I/O modules per unit;
minimum 2 serial ports per unit.)
Four EIA-232 DTE ports (MOD 24-4C)
Four EIA-232 DCE ports (MOD 24-4CF)
Two EIA-232 DTE ports/two parallel ports (MOD 24-4E)
Four parallel ports (MOD 24-4A)
Four current loop ports (MOD 24-4L)
Four EIA-422 ports (MOD 24-4Y)
NOTE: Parallel communication is strictly unidirectional
(i.e., data flow may flow only from the parallel peripheral
device to the host device or from the host device to the
selected parallel peripheral device).
STANDARD FACTORY DEFAULT POWER-UP
CONFIGURATION:
Baud rate: 9600.
Word size: 8 bits.
Parity: None.
Stop bits: 1.
XON/XOFF: Disabled.
Parallel port destination: Input.
Logical Name: Port 1 - Device A Host
Ports 2 to 24 - Device B to Device X.
Port select code: $SELECT.
Data block length: 32 characters.
Terminating Character: Carriage Return (0D Hex).
Mode of operation: Mode 1 - Port expansion/sharing.
3
USER-PROGRAMMABLE CONFIGURATIONS:
Reconfigurable in menu-driven mode through host port (Port 1).
Saved in non-volatile memory to become the new power-up
default configuration.
Baud rate*: 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600,
19200, 38400. Other rates optional.
Word size*: 7 or 8 bits.
Parity*: Even, odd or none.
Stop bits*: 1 or 2.
XON/XOFF*: Enabled or disabled individually for
transmit and receive.
Parallel Port Destination: Input or Output.
Port Logical Name*: Maximum 16 characters.
Port select code: Any ASCII character string up
to 8 characters.
Terminate character: Any code from 00 Hex to 7F
Hex.
Data block length: 1 to 250 characters.
Mode of operation: 1 through 6.
* Option is configurable per port
INTERNAL BUFFER: Spooling message buffer - standard
512K, available up to 4.5MB.
POWER: 115 VAC, 50/60 Hz.,0.3A.
Optional 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz., 0.2A.
ENVIRONMENT: 0 degrees to 55 degrees C temperature;
5% to 95% humidity.
DIMENSIONS: 16.75w x 10d x 3.5h inches.
WEIGHT: 9 1/2 lbs. with 6 modules installed.
8 lbs. with no I/O modules installed.
4
INDICATORS: 1 green power LED; 24 red port-activity
LEDs.
CONNECTORS: Shielded on all ports.
Serial ports - DB-25 male DTE connectors.
(Optional DB-25 female DCE connectors)
Parallel ports - DB-25 female connectors.
HANDSHAKING: CTS/DTR and selectable XON/XOFF.
MOUNTING: Desk-top; rack-mount optional.
WARRANTY: One year on parts and labor.
After opening the box, check the packing list that comes with your
Model 24H to ensure that you have received all components. At a
minimum you should have received the unit, this manual and any
applicable addendums, and a software utility diskette. Also check the
unit to make certain that it did not receive damage during shipping. If
items are missing or damage did occur, please contact BayTech
technical support at 1-800-523-2702.
5
BayTech provides utility software for DOS compatible PCs to assist you
in configuring the Model 24H. This diskette contains the following
programs: REMCONFG.COD, SMODE.EXE, TERM.EXE, AND
README.RDM. The Model 24H does not utilize the REMCONFG.COD
file. TERM.EXE is a terminal emulation program used to configure the
various features of the unit. SMODE.EXE is a program used to
configure COM ports of DOS compatible machines to operate at
speeds faster than 9600 bps.
IMPORTANT: Copy the BayTech original diskette onto a blank diskette
and store the original in a safe place. Read your operating systems
manual for copying instructions.
Please review the README.RDM file to obtain instructions for
TERM.EXE and SMODE.EXE. To view the README.RDM file on your
screen, first insert the diskette into your PC's disk drive and then enter
the command TYPE README.RDM from your disk drive prompt. To
print this file, enter the command COPY README LPT1: from your
disk drive prompt.
The standard Model 24H requires 115VAC, 50/60 Hz. power and
comes with a three-prong power cord. Do not attempt to operate the
unit with a two-prong socket or adapter. 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz. is
optional.
All Model 24H models power-up when you depress the power switch,
located on the back of the unit, to "ON". The green power LED on the
front panel will illuminate when power is applied.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to make any internal changes. Any
upgrades to EPROM, memory, or module installation must be
performed by an authorized service technician or by BayTech. Please
contact BayTech at 1-800-523-2702.
6
Please see Section 4.1 if you are interfacing to a parallel port or
Section 4.2 if interfacing to a serial port.
Parallel ports on the MOD 24-4A or MOD 24-4E I/O modules have
DB-25 female connectors. A straight, DB-25 male-to-male cable is
required between each IBM PC computer (or compatible) and the
parallel ports on the Model 24H. A DB-25 male to Centronics cable is
required between each peripheral having a Centronics connector and
the Model 24H (same as IBM PC to Centronics cable).
CAUTION: Some standard EIA-232 DB-25 cables may have Pin 1
grounded to the connector shell. Since Pin 1 is the Strobe signal in
Centronics protocol, this ground must be removed if the cable is used
between an IBM PC and the Model 24H.
The pin assignment for the DB-25 connector is similar to the IBM PC
parallel connector and uses the following signals for communication:
DB-25
PIN NO.
SIGNAL
NAME
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18-25
- Strobe
+ Data Bit 0
+ Data Bit 1
+ Data Bit 2
+ Data Bit 3
+ Data Bit 4
+ Data Bit 5
+ Data Bit 6
+ Data Bit 7
- Acknowledge
+ Busy
+ P. End (Out of Paper)
+ Select
- Auto Feed
- Error
- Initialize Printer
- Select Input
Ground
7
IMPORTANT: Before you proceed with cabling, you must know
whether the devices to which you will connect the Model 24H are DTE
(Data Terminal Equipment) or DCE (Data Communication Equipment).
The following devices are generally DTE: terminals, printers,
computers like the IBM PC. The following devices are DCE: modems
and some computers. To verify the interface requirements, please
refer to the Owner's Manual for your device.
Serial ports on the MOD 24-4C and MOD 24-4E I/O modules have
DB-25 male DTE connectors. DTE ports use the following signals for
communication:
DTE PORT PIN/SIGNAL DEFINITION
Pin
Signal
(EIA-232)
Directio
n
1
PGND
---
2
Tx
Output
3
Rx
Input
4
RTS
Output
5
CTS
Input
7
SGND
---
20
DTR
DTR
8
Description
Protective Ground
Data Out
Data In
+ Voltage When Model 24 Powers-up
Model 24 Transmit Enabled When +12 Volts. Internally Enabled If No
Wire Connected
Signal Ground
- Voltage When Model 24 Print Buffer Full
Serial ports on the MOD 24-4CF I/O module have DB-25 female DCE
ports. DCE ports use the following signals for communication:
DCE PORT PIN/SIGNAL DEFINITION
Pin
Signal
(EIA-232)
Directio
n
Description
1
PGND
---
2
Tx
Input
3
Rx
Output
4
RTS
Input
5
CTS
Output
-12V When Buffer is Full
6
DSR
Output
+12V When Model 24H Powers Up
7
SGND
---
8
DCD
Output
20
DTR
Input
Protective Ground
Data In
Data Out
Internally Enabled if No Wire Connected (Normally Not Used)
Signal Ground
+12V When Model 24 Powers Up
Transmit Enabled When +12V
If you are interfacing a DCE device to the Model 24H (DTE), you must
use a one-to-one or straight cable as shown in Figure 2. If you are
interfacing a DTE device to the Model 24H (DTE), you must use a
crossed cable as shown in Figure 3.
When using XON/XOFF protocol, it may be desirable to use cables with
only Tx, Rx and GND (Signal Ground) connected. On the serial ports
of a BayTech Model 24H, input handshaking lines are enabled if
nothing is connected, allowing the system to operate with only Tx, Rx
and GND connected.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to use a serial cable on a parallel port.
Since an EIA-232 serial port usually carries a potential of +12 and -12
volts, plugging a serial cable from that port into a parallel port may
cause damage to the parallel port.
9
M24H - DTE
FEMALE DB-25
DCE DEVICE
MALE DB-25
1
PGND
2
TXD
3
RXD
4
RTS
5
CTS
>
6
DSR
>
7
SGND
8
DCD
20
DTR
<
>
<
>
<
PGND
1
TXD
2
RXD
3
RTS
4
CTS
5
DSR
6
SGND
7
DCD
8
DTR
20
Figure 2 M24H - DTE
FEMALE DB-25
DTE DEVICE
FEMALE DB-25
1
PGND
2
TXD
3
RXD
4
RTS
5
CTS
6
DSR
7
SGND
20
DTR
<
<
<
<
<
<
Figure 3
10
PGND
1
TXD
2
RXD
3
RTS
4
CTS
5
DSR
6
SGND
7
DTR
20
The BayTech Model 24H is a user-programmable, multifunction device
that allows serial port expansion/sharing, time division multiplexing, and
message multiplexing. This solution is ideal for adapting small
computers like the IBM PC to industrial process control and data
gathering applications. Up to twenty-three peripheral devices may be
multiplexed to a single host computer or terminal.
You may select from six modes of operation. Other programmable
features include the serial port configuration for each individual port,
the data block length, the message terminating character, and the port
select code. These features are programmed by accessing the menudriven configuration mode.
The Model 24H will translate for devices using different serial
configurations. You may set the baud rate, word size, stop bits, parity
and XON/XOFF handshaking for each individual port.
Factory default configuration on serial ports is 9600 baud rate, 8
bit word size, 1 stop bit, no parity and XON/XOFF disabled.
You may configure parallel ports on the Model 24H to be either input or
output. For parallel ports defined as input, data will flow from the
peripheral device to the host device only. For parallel ports defined as
output, data will from the host device to the parallel peripheral device
only when the host device selects the parallel peripheral port.
Factory default parallel port destination is input for all parallel
ports.
11
The Model 24H allows the host device to assign an individual logical
name to each peripheral port for reference while the unit is in
configuration mode.
Factory default for ports on individual ports is Device A Host for
Port 1, Device B for Port 2, ..., and Device X for Port 24.
The Model 24H allows the host device to program the port select code
to be any ASCII character string up to eight ASCII characters. The port
select code is used to select specific peripheral ports, to request
messages, and for port identification purposes.
In order to select a specific peripheral port to send data to, the host
device sends the port select code, the desired port number (02 to 24),
and a terminating character (0D Hex - Carriage Return or 0A Hex - Line
Feed). This port select sequence applies in all modes of operation.
The port select code followed by ASCII capital S is also sent by the
host device to request messages from the peripheral devices in modes
3 through 5 of operation.
The port select code followed by a two-digit number is sent to the host
device preceding each data block for port identification purposes in
Mode 6 of Operation.
The factory default port select code is $SELECT.
12
This is a single character that indicates a completed message to the
Model 24H in Modes of Operation 2, 3, 4 and 5. Data is held in the
buffer of the Model 24H until the terminating character is received from
the host device which defines a complete message. The complete
message is eventually sent to the host device depending on which
mode of message multiplexing the Model 24H is in. The message
terminating character may be programmed to be any two-digit
hexadecimal character from 00 Hex to 7F Hex.
The factory default message terminating character is Carriage
Return (0D Hex).
The data block length is the maximum number of characters per data
block transmitted out of the host port while operating in Mode 6 (time
division multiplexing). You may select a data block length of 8 to 240
characters.
Factory default is 32 characters.
13
NOTE: For illustration purposes, the factory default port select code
($SELECT) will be used in the following descriptions of the Modes of
Operation. Section 5.2 provides more detail for operating in the various
modes.
Mode of Operation 1 increases input/output by interfacing a single port
on a computer to up to 23 peripheral devices. The communication is
full duplex between the host device and the selected peripheral device.
For the host device to select a specific peripheral port, it would send
$SELECT, the desired port number (02 to 24), and a terminating
character (0D Hex - Carriage Return or 0A Hex - Line Feed). The host
remains connected to the selected peripheral port until another
peripheral port is selected.
For example, if the host device wishes to select the device connected
to Port 4, it would send $SELECT04<CR> where <CR> is a Carriage
Return.
NOTE: Peripheral port selection is done in the manner described
above for all Modes of Operation.
Factory default is Mode 1 with the host port connected to port 2 on
power-up.
Mode of Operation 2 provides multiplexing to the host port of all
messages from all peripheral ports automatically. Data is buffered until
an end of message terminating character is received or until the buffer
is full. The messages are sent to the host device preceded by a port
identification number corresponding to the port number of the
peripheral port that actually sent the message.
14
Mode of Operation 3 provides multiplexing to the host port of a single
message from all peripheral ports. Single messages from each
peripheral port are sent to the host device only when a command is
received requesting them. When the host device sends a request for
message command, the Model 24H will send a complete message
from each peripheral port to the host port preceded by a port
identification number corresponding to the port from which the
message came. Complete messages are sent to the host port in a
round-robin fashion.
Mode of Operation 4 provides multiplexing to the host port of all
messages from a selected peripheral port. You select a particular
peripheral port and all complete messages in the buffer for that port are
transmitted to the host device automatically with each message
preceded by a port identification number.
Mode of Operation 5 provides multiplexing to the host port of a single
message from a selected port. You select a specific peripheral port
and a single message from that peripheral port is sent to the host
device when the host device requests it. Each message is preceded by
a port identification number.
Mode of Operation 6 provides time-division multiplexing. In this mode,
the Model 24H continuously scans all ports to check for characters in
the receive buffers. If a receive buffer contains data, the data is
transmitted to the host device preceded by a port identification code
corresponding to the peripheral port number from which the data block
came. Transmission continues until the buffer is empty or until a
user-specified data block length has been transmitted.
15
A typical application using a Model 24H would have a host computer,
such as an IBM PC, connected to the host port, and various devices
(such as cash registers, digital laboratory instruments, bar code
readers, numerical machines, printers, modems, terminals, etc.)
connected to the peripheral ports.
Regardless of the mode of operation, the host device may connect and
send data to a specific peripheral port by sending the appropriate port
select sequence followed by the data. A port select sequence consists
of the port select code followed by the desired peripheral port number
(02 to 24) and a terminating character (0A Hex - Carriage Return or 0D
Hex - Line Feed). The port select sequence is trapped and therefore
not passed through to the selected peripheral port.
NOTE: For demonstration purposes, we will refer to the port select
code as $SELECT. The port select code may actually be any
user-defined character string up to eight ASCII characters. The 8th bit
or parity bit is masked from the port select code before it is examined,
allowing you to send the port select code with odd or even parity.
Therefore, when 8 data bits are being sent, only the first seven data
bits are examined.
In modes of operation 2 through 5, each message sent to the host
device is preceded by a port identification number. This port
identification number consists of the port number of the peripheral port
that received the message. This number may range from 02 (for Port
2) to 24 (for Port 24).
To clear the receive buffer for a selected peripheral port, send
$SELECT followed by ASCII capital R and a terminating character (0D
Hex - Carriage Return or 0A Hex - Line Feed). All complete or partial
messages in the buffer of the selected peripheral port will be erased
regardless of the mode of operation.
16
In Mode of Operation 1, the Model 24H will provide full duplex
communication between the host port and the selected peripheral port.
Port 2 is the selected peripheral port when the Model 24H powers up.
The host port and the selected peripheral port will remain connected
until a different peripheral port is selected. This is accomplished by
sending a port select sequence. Data received by non-selected
peripheral devices will be stored in the Model 24H's buffer and then
sent to the host device when the peripheral port is selected.
When switching between peripheral ports, there may be some question
as to which is the last character received from the current port and
which is the first character received from the new port. To avoid this
potential confusion, it is recommended that you use the following port
selection example when selecting a different port for communication.
Suppose you are transmitting and receiving data from Port 2 and you
wish to switch to Port 3. Use the following procedure:
1.
2.
3.
Send $SELECT and nothing else.
Wait for at least one and one-half character times of the host
port, but no longer than ten seconds (see NOTE below).
Check the receive buffer of the host device for any characters
from the currently selected peripheral port while delaying. If no
character(s) are in the host device's receive buffer send 03
followed by Carriage Return or Line Feed to select Port 3. If
there are characters in the host's receive buffer repeat step 2
before sending 03 and the terminating character. The Model
24H does not start loading data from the new peripheral port into
the host port until the new peripheral port number and
terminating character are received.
NOTE: The port select sequence has a ten second timer. The timer
starts when the first character of the port select sequence is received.
Any incomplete sequence received ten seconds or more after the first
character has been received will be treated as normal data and will be
sent to the current selected peripheral port.
17
Mode of Operation 2 provides automatic message multiplexing
between the host port and up to twenty-three peripheral ports. Data
received from the peripheral devices is treated as messages. A
message begins when a peripheral port receives a character from the
device connected to it. A message is completed when the message
terminating character is received or when the buffer is full. Either
condition will result in the message(s) being transferred to the host
device with the Model 24H inserting the peripheral port number prior to
the actual message. Messages will be sent automatically to the host
device in a round-robin fashion (e.g., if the Model 24H is sending a
message from Port 2, Port 3 will be examined next for a complete
message, then Port 4, etc.).
NOTE: The host device may select and transmit data to any peripheral
port while simultaneously receiving all messages from all peripheral
ports.
Mode of Operation 3 provides message multiplexing to the host port of
single messages from all peripheral ports upon request from the host
device. A single message from all ports is sent to the host device only
when a command is received from the host device. The command for
requesting a single message from all peripheral ports is the port select
code ($SELECT default) followed by ASCII capital S, and a terminating
character (0A Hex - Carriage Return or 0D Hex - Line Feed). If there
are no messages, the host port will send a Line Feed character to the
host device.
NOTE: The host device may select and transmit data to any peripheral
port while simultaneously receiving single messages from all peripheral
ports.
18
In Mode of Operation 4, all messages from a single peripheral port are
sent to the host port automatically. The host device may receive all
complete messages in the buffer of a selected port by sending the port
select code ($SELECT default) followed by ASCII capital S, the desired
port number (02 to 24), and a terminating character (0A Hex - Carriage
Return or 0D Hex - Line Feed).
NOTE: The host device may select and transmit data to any peripheral
port while simultaneously receiving all messages from a single port.
In Mode of Operation 5, a single message is sent to the host port from
a selected peripheral port upon request. The host device may receive
one complete message from a selected peripheral port by sending the
port select code ($SELECT default) followed by ASCII capital S, the
desired port number (02 to 24), and a terminating character (0A Hex Carriage Return or 0D Hex Line Feed). If there are no messages for
the selected peripheral port, the host port will send a Line Feed
character to the host device.
NOTE: The host device may select and transmit data to any peripheral
port while simultaneously receiving single messages from a single port.
19
Mode of Operation 6 provides time-division multiplexing. The internal
processor continuously scans all peripheral ports checking for
characters in the receive buffers. If a receive buffer contains
characters, this data is transmitted through the host port preceded by a
port identification code (the port select code followed by the peripheral
port number). Transmission continues until the buffer is empty or until
a user-defined data block length has been transmitted (8 to 240
characters). After transmission is completed, the Model 24H will
continue its scanning sequence.
NOTE: The host device may select and transmit data to any peripheral
port while simultaneously receiving data blocks from all peripheral
ports.
Upon power-up, all LEDs will illuminate while the unit goes through a
self-test. Upon completion of the power-up self-test, the LEDs for Port
1 (the host port) and Port 2 will illuminate indicating a connection
between the host port and Port 2.
While in operation mode, the LED indicators on the front panel show
which peripheral port the host port is currently connected to when
sending data from the host device to a specific peripheral device.
There should only be two LEDs illuminated at any given time during
operation, the host port LED (Port 1) and the currently selected
peripheral port. All ports are labeled by port number.
NOTE: When you access configuration mode (see Section 6), all red
LEDs on the front panel will illuminate.
If you notice more than two LEDs on the front panel illuminated after
initial power-up while in operation mode, please contact a BayTech
Applications Engineer (see Section 8).
20
Binary mode allows all data received by the host port to be passed
through to the selected peripheral port including the port select
sequence. Binary mode is useful when sending binary data (i.e., data
in a format other than ASCII) to the selected peripheral port and it is
possible that the bit pattern for the port select code may be part of the
data stream. Binary mode is also useful if you wish to pass the port
select sequence to the selected peripheral port.
To access binary mode, the host device sends the Port Select Code
(factory default is $SELECT) followed by ASCII capital B and a
terminating character (0D Hex - Carriage Return or 0A Hex - Line
Feed). While operating in binary mode, you will be unable to access
configuration mode or select a different peripheral port. To exit binary
mode, the host port must see a "BREAK CONDITION".
NOTE: You may access binary mode regardless of the mode of
operation you are operating in.
21
NOTE: The following discussion for hardware handshaking assumes
you have DTE serial ports installed on the Model 24H.
Host-to-Model 24H-to peripheral communication:
When the host device transmits data to the Model 24H host port, the
data is received and stored in a 426 character buffer which in turn
retransmits it to a selected peripheral device through a peripheral port.
During transmission, when there are only 19 bytes available in the
buffer, the Model 24H will make the host port's DTR (Data Terminal
Ready) line false (negative voltage), signaling the host device that it
cannot accept more data. When the buffer of the Model 24H can
receive more data, the unit will make the host port's DTR line true
(positive voltage).
When the Model 24H retransmits the data to the peripheral device and
the peripheral device cannot receive any more data, the Model 24H will
expect to detect a false condition on the peripheral port's CTS
(Clear-to-Send) line. When the peripheral device can receive more
data, the Model 24H will expect to see a true condition on the CTS line.
Peripheral-to-multiport-to-host communication:
When a peripheral device transmits data to the a Model 24H peripheral
port, the data is received and stored in a buffer (512K standard,
available up to 4.5 MB) which in turn retransmits the data to the host
device through the host port. During transmission when there are only
15 bytes left in the buffer, the Model 24H will make the peripheral port's
DTR line false signalling the peripheral device that it can no longer
accept data. When the buffer empties to the point where it can accept
more data, the Model 24H will make the peripheral port's DTR line true.
22
When the Model 24H retransmits the data to the host device and the
host device can no longer accept data, the Model 24H will expect to
detect a false condition on the host port's CTS line. When the host
device can accept more data, the Model 24H will expect to detect a true
condition on the CTS line.
! The Model 24H permits XON/XOFF to be enabled or disabled by port
independently in the receive and transmit directions. The description of
handshaking functions below considers XON/XOFF to be enabled in
both directions. If XON/XOFF is disabled in one direction, that direction
will support hardware handshaking as described in Section 5.5.1.
When XON/XOFF is enabled in the receive direction, the DTR line will
always remain high and will not be used as a handshaking line. When
transmitting data and the Model 24H receives an XOFF character, it
must receive an XON character and detect a true condition on the CTS
line to restart sending data.
NOTE: When sending binary data and using XON/XOFF handshaking,
the input flow control (Recv) of the respective port should be enabled
and the output flow control (Xmit) should be disabled. This will allow
any binary character with the same bit pattern as XON or XOFF to be
passed to the receiving device.
Host-to-Model 24H-to peripheral communication:
When the host device transmits data to the Model 24H host port, the
data is received and stored in a 426 character buffer which in turn
retransmits it to a selected peripheral device through a peripheral port.
During transmission, when there are only 19 bytes available in the
buffer, the Model 24H will send an XOFF character, signaling the host
device that it cannot accept more data. When the buffer of the Model
24H can receive more data, the unit will send an XON character.
23
When the Model 24H retransmits the data to the peripheral device and
the peripheral device cannot receive any more data, the Model 24H will
expect to receive an XOFF character. When the peripheral device can
receive more data, the Model 24H will expect to receive an XON
character.
Peripheral-to-multiport-to-host communication:
When a peripheral device transmits data to a Model 24H peripheral
port, the data is received and stored in a buffer (512K standard,
available up to 4.5 MB) which in turn retransmits the data to the host
device through the host port. During transmission when there are only
15 bytes left in the buffer, the Model 24H will send an XOFF character
signalling the peripheral device that it can no longer accept data.
When the buffer empties to the point where it can accept more data,
the Model 24H will send an XON character.
When the Model 24H retransmits the data to the host device and the
host device can no longer accept data, the Model 24H will expect to
receive an XOFF character or detect a false condition on the host port's
CTS line. When the host device can accept more data, the Model 24H
will expect to receive an XON character and detect a true condition on
the CTS line.
24
Configuration changes are made through the host port which is Port 1.
Port 1 must always be a serial port to allow configuration to occur.
Once the configuration mode has been accessed, all LEDs will
illuminate and will remain illuminated while configuration is occurring.
To access the configuration mode of the Model 24H, use the following
procedure:
1.
Connect a dumb terminal (or a PC running a terminal emulation
program) to Port 1. Configure your terminal's serial parameters
to match those of the Model 24H. From the factory, all serial
ports on the Model 24H are factory set at 9600 baud rate, 8
word size, 1 stop bit, no parity, and XON/XOFF disabled.
If you do not have a dumb terminal or a terminal
emulation program, BayTech supplies a utility diskette
which includes software to put an IBM PC or compatible
into a terminal mode (TERM.EXE). Please see Section
3.2.
2.
Send from this device Control-T (14 Hex) followed by ASCII
capital C (43 Hex).
NOTE: If you are using the TERM.EXE program supplied on the
software utility diskette, you may depress the F1 key to send
Control-T followed by C.
You should receive the main configuration menu and all the red
LEDs on the front panel should illuminate. If this does not
happen, please refer to the Troubleshooting Guide (see
Appendix A).
25
The Model 24H will respond to the receiving of Control-T and Capital C
with an identification block and a menu of the configuration options
available, similar to the following:
(C)Copyright Bay Technical Associates 1988
Data Exchange System - Model 24H
Version 1 Revision 1.00
Total Memory : 0512K Bytes
Status......................................1
Serial Port Configuration...................2
Change Parallel Port Designation............3
Change Port Logical Name....................4
Program Port Select Code....................5
Change Message Terminate Character..........6
Change Data Block Length....................7
Change Mode of Operation....................8
Exit........................................X
NOTE: Menu selection is case sensitive. It is recommended that your
keyboard be in the CAPS LOCK position.
26
By responding to the Enter Request: Message at the end of the main
configuration menu with "1" (Status), you may review the current
configuration status of the Model 24H.
NOTE: Some characters will be displayed in HEX notation in the
configuration mode which will appear with an "H" suffix.
The Model 24H will respond with:
Current Serial Port Configuration :
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| Port | Logical Name
| Baud | Word | Stop |Parity| Xon / Xoff |
|
|
| Rate | Size | Bits |
| Xmit | Recv |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
|
1 | Device A Host
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
2 | Device B
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
3 | Device C
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
4 | Device D
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
5 | Device E
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
6 | Device F
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
7 | Device G
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
8 | Device H
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
|
9 | Device I
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
| 10 | Device J
| 9600 | 8
|
1 | None | Off | Off |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
Strike any Key to Continue, or X to Exit
Current Parallel Port Designation:
+------+------------------+-------------+
| Port | Logical Name
| Destination |
+------+------------------+-------------+
| 11 | Device K
| Input Port |
| 12 | Device L
| Output Port |
+------+------------------+-------------+
Strike any Key to Continue, or X to Exit
Current
Current
Current
Current
Port Select Code is ................$SELECT
Terminate Character is..............0DH
Block Length is.....................32
Mode of Operation is................1
Strike any Key to Continue, or X to Exit
27
OPERATION PROTOCOL
+------+-------------------------+-----------+------+------+
| Mode | Host port Control Code | Receive | Rcv. | Rcv. |
| of +------------+------------+
Port
| Term |Block |
| Opern| XMIT data | RCV data
|
I.D.
| Chr. |Length|
+------+------------+------------+-----------+------+------+
| 1
| $SELECTm,p | $SELECTm,p | ---N/A--- | -N/A | -N/A |
| 2
| $SELECTm,p | ----N/A--- |
m,p
| 0DH | -N/A |
| 3
| $SELECTm,p | $SELECTS
|
m,p
| 0DH | -N/A |
| 4
| $SELECTm,p | $SELECTSm,p|
m,p
| 0DH | -N/A |
| 5
| $SELECTm,p | $SELECTSm,p|
m,p
| 0DH | -N/A |
| 6
| $SELECTm,p | ----N/A--- | $SELECTm,p| -N/A | 32
|
+------+------------+------------+-----------+------+------+
H = Hexadecimal , S = ASCII 53H , ^ = ASCII 00H to 1FH
m,p - Module, Port Number and CR or LF
Strike any Key to Continue, or X to Exit
Status.....................................1
Set Serial Port Configuration..............2
Change Port Logical Name...................3
Program Port Select Code...................4
Change Message Terminate Character.........5
Change Data Block Length...................6
Change Mode of Operation...................7
Exit.......................................X
Enter Request :
You may now make whatever changes are necessary by responding to
the above menu. The Exit function will return you to the Operations
Mode.
28
By responding to the Enter Request: message at the end of the main
configuration menu (see Section 6.1) with "2" (Set Serial Port
Configuration), you may change the serial configuration of each port
(i.e. baud rate, word size, stop bits, parity, and XON/XOFF
handshaking). Each port is configured individually. This allows the
Model 24H to translate between devices of different configurations
without the need to reconfigure the devices. The Model 24H will
respond with:
Enter Serial Port Number (? = Help, ENTER = Exit) :
Type the number of the desired serial port followed by <ENTER>. If
you type "?", the Model 24H will respond with a menu showing the
current configuration status of all serial ports. For example, if you type
"7" and <ENTER>, the Model 24H will respond with the current status
of Port 7 and a menu of the available options.
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| Port | Logical Name | Baud | Word | Stop |Parity| Xon / Xoff |
|
|
| Rate | Size | Bits |
| Xmit | Recv |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| 7 | Device D
| 9600 | 8 | 1 | None | Off | Off |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
Exit/Save......1 Set Stop Bits.....4
Set Baud Rate..2 Set Parity........5
Set Word Size..3 Set Xon/Xoff......6
Enter Request :
You may now reconfigure Port 7 by selecting the appropriate option (16) from the menu. For example, to change the baud rate to 38400
baud, type "2" (Set baud rate). The Model 24H will respond with:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
For
For
For
For
For
For
For
For
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
38400
Enter Request :
29
Enter "8" for 38400 baud rate, and the Model 24H will respond with the
reconfigured status of the port, the option menu, and the prompt:
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| Port | Logical Name | Baud | Word | Stop |Parity| Xon / Xoff |
|
|
| Rate | Size | Bits |
| Xmit | Recv |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| 7 | Device D
| 38400 | 8 | 1 | None | Off | Off |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
Exit/Save......1 Set Stop Bits.....4
Set Baud Rate..2 Set Parity........5
Set Word Size..3 Set Xon/Xoff......6
Enter Request :
You may now select other options from the menu to reconfigure Port 7.
For example, to set XON/XOFF, type "6" (Set Xon/Xoff) in response to
the prompt. Note that Output Flow Control and Input Flow Control are
set separately for each port. The Model 24H will respond with:
Output Flow Control (Xmit) - Xon/Xoff is ( Off )
Stop/Restart Output Upon Receiving of Xoff/Xon ? (Y/N) :
You should then enter "Y" to enable XON/XOFF on transmit, "N" to
disable XON/XOFF on transmit. For example, if you entered "Y", the
Model 24H will respond with:
Input Flow Control (Recv) - Xon/Xoff is ( Off )
Xoff/Xon sent based on Buffer - Full/Empty condition ? (Y/N) :
You should then enter "Y" to enable XON/XOFF on receive, "N" to
disable XON/XOFF on receive. For example, if you enter "N", the
Model 24H will respond with the reconfigured status of the port, the
option menu and the prompt.
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| Port | Logical Name | Baud | Word | Stop |Parity| Xon / Xoff |
|
|
| Rate | Size | Bits |
| Xmit | Recv |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| 7 | Device D
| 38400 | 8 | 1 | None | On | Off |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
Exit/Save......1 Set Stop Bits.....4
Set Baud Rate..2 Set Parity........5
Set Word Size..3 Set Xon/Xoff......6
Enter Request :
30
If there are no other changes for this port, send "1" (Exit/Save), and the
Model 24H will respond with:
Save Changes Permanently ? (Y/N) :
NOTE: When changing the configuration of the host port, port 1, the
Model 24H will also respond with:
Change This Device to NEW Configuration
Before Answering the Request
Save Changes Permanently? (Y/N) :
This reminds you to change the host PC's or terminal's configuration to
match the new configuration of the host. If they do not match, you will
be locked out of the Model 24H and unable to access its functions.
CAUTION: If the serial configuration of the device you are configuring
from is not changed to match the new configuration of the port, you will
be locked out of the Model 24H and unable to access its functions. If
this happens, you must recycle power on the unit and start the
configuration process over.
If you answer "Y" (yes), the new configuration for that port will be stored
permanently in non-volatile memory, and the Model 24H will
subsequently power-up at that configuration. If you answer "N" (no),
the new configuration will be stored in RAM, and on the next power-up,
the Model 24H will revert to the previous configuration. The Model 24H
will then respond with the following prompt:
Enter Serial Port Number (? = Help, ENTER = Exit) :
Enter the number of any other serial port that you wish to reconfigure.
If you do not wish to reconfigure any other serial port, type <ENTER>
and the Model 24H will return the main configuration menu (see
Section 6.1).
31
NOTE: This section is applicable only if you have parallel ports
installed.
By responding to the Enter Request: message at the end of the main
configuration menu (see Section 6.1) with "3" (Change Parallel Port
Designation), you may change the designation of a selected parallel
port to be an input or output. The Model 24H will respond with:
Enter Parallel Port Number (? = Help, ENTER = Exit) :
Type the number of the desired parallel port followed by <ENTER>. If
you type "?", the Model 24H will respond with a menu showing the
current configuration status of all parallel ports. If a character is
entered that is not a parallel port number, the Model 24H will respond
with a prompt to type a parallel port.
For example, if you type "12" and <ENTER>, the Model 24H will
respond with the current status of Port 12 and a menu of the available
options.
+------+------------------+-------------+
| Port | Logical Name
| Destination |
+------+------------------+-------------+
| 12 | Device L
| Output Port |
+------+------------------+-------------+
Change to Input or Output Port ? (I/O) :
The Model 24H gives you the choice of Input or Output for the
designated parallel port. Type "I" to designate the selected parallel port
as an input port or "O" to designate the selected parallel port as an
output port. If you designate the selected parallel port as an input port,
data will flow from the parallel peripheral device to the host device only.
If you designate the selected parallel port as an output port, data will
flow from the host device to the parallel peripheral only when the host
device selects the parallel peripheral port.
32
The Model 24H will then respond with the following prompt:
Enter Parallel Port Number (? = Help, ENTER = Exit) :
Enter the number of any other serial port that you wish to reconfigure.
If you do not wish to reconfigure any other serial port, type <ENTER>
and the Model 24H will return the main configuration menu (see
Section 6.1). The Model 24H will exit from this menu when the
operator strikes the Enter key. The unit will also exit when the operator
enters the character "0" and then strikes the Enter key. The Model 24H
will now return to the main configuration menu.
By responding to the Enter Request: message at the end of the main
configuration menu (see Section 6.1) with "4" (Change Port Logical
Name), you may enter a logical or identifying name for each device
connected to the Model 24H. These logical names appear in the
configuration menus only. The Model 24H will respond with:
Enter Port Number (? = Help, ENTER = Exit) :
Type the number of the desired port followed by <ENTER>. If you type
"?", the Model 24H will respond with a menu showing the current logical
names of all ports. For example, if you type "7" and <ENTER> for Port
7, the Model 24H will respond with :
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| Port | Logical Name
| Baud | Word | Stop |Parity| Xon / Xoff |
|
|
| Rate | Size | Bits |
| Xmit | Recv |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
|
7 | Device D
| 38400 | 8
|
1 | None | On | On |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
Enter Logical Name (Max. 16 characters)
or ENTER for no change ....................:
33
You may now enter the new logical name for the device connected to
this port. A maximum of 16 characters may be entered. If less than 16
characters are entered, the entry must be followed by striking the Enter
key. For example, if you entered " IBM MAIN FRAME ", the Model 24H
will respond with an updated menu and another prompt:
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
| Port | Logical Name
| Baud | Word | Stop |Parity| Xon / Xoff |
|
|
| Rate | Size | Bits |
| Xmit | Recv |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
|
7 | IBM MAIN FRAME
| 38400 | 8
|
1 | None | On | On |
+------+------------------+-------+------+------+------+------+------+
Enter Logical Name (Max. 16 characters)
or ENTER for no change ....................:
If the logical name displayed is satisfactory, type <ENTER>. The
Model 24H will respond with:
Enter Port Number (? = Help, ENTER = Exit) :
You may now program a new logical name for another port if desired or
exit by striking the <ENTER> key. The Model 24H will save the new
logical name(s) permanently in non-volatile memory and will
subsequently power-up with the new name(s) in effect. The Model 24H
will now return to the main configuration menu.
34
By responding to the Enter Request: message at the end of the main
configuration menu (see Section 6.1) with "5" (Program Port Select
Code), you may change the Port Select Code to a user-defined code.
This Port Select Code consists of any character string from 1 to 8
ASCII characters. The Model 24H will respond with the following:
Port Select Code is :$SELECT
Enter Port Select Code (Max. 8 characters)
or ENTER for no change :
Type the new Port Select Code. If less than 8 characters are entered,
you must follow entry by striking the Enter key. For example, if you
entered #PORT, the Model 24H will respond with:
Port Select Code is :#PORT
Enter Port Select Code (Max. 8 characters)
or ENTER for no change :
NOTE: The Port Select Code should not begin with Control-T.
Non-printable characters below 20 HEX (32 Decimal) are acceptable,
but they will not appear in the Status menu. The port select sequence
has a ten second timer, any incomplete sequence after this timeout
period will be treated as normal data and will be sent to the current
peripheral port.
If no additional change is desired, strike the <ENTER> key to exit. The
Model 24H will save the new Port Select Code permanently in
non-volatile memory and will subsequently power-up with that code in
effect. The Model 24H will now return to the main configuration menu.
35
By responding to the Enter Request: message at the end of the
configuration menu (see Section 6.1) with "6" (Change Message
Terminate Character), you may custom set the terminating character
for Modes of Operation 2, 3, 4 and 5. The Model 24H will respond with:
Current Terminate Character is.............0DH
Enter Terminate Character in Hex
or ENTER for no change ....................:
Enter the terminating character that you wish in the form of a two-digit
hexadecimal character. For example, if you enter "0A" (Line Feed), the
data exchange system will respond with:
Current Terminate Character is.............0AH
Save Changes Permanently? (Y/N):
If you answer "Y" (yes), the new terminating character will be stored
permanently in non-volatile memory, and the Model 24H will
subsequently power-up with the new terminating character in effect. If
you answer "N" (no), the new terminating character will be stored in
RAM and lost upon next power-up. The Model 24H will now return to
the main configuration menu.
36
"
By responding to the Enter Request: message at the end of the
configuration menu (see Section 6.1) with "7" (Set Data Block Length),
you may change the data block length of Mode of Operation 6. The
Model 24H will respond with:
Current Block Length is...................31
Enter Block Length (1 to 250)............:
Enter the block length that you desire, followed by <ENTER>. For
example, if you enter "100" and <ENTER>, the data exchange system
will respond with:
Current Block Length is..................100
Save Changes Permanently? (Y/N):
If you answer "Y" (yes), the new block length will be saved in
non-volatile memory, and the Model 24H will subsequently power-up at
that new length. If you answer "N" (no), the new data block length will
be stored in RAM and will be lost upon next power-up. The Model 24H
will now return to the main configuration menu.
#
By responding to the Enter Request: message at the end of the main
configuration menu (see Section 6.1) with "8" (Set Mode of Operation),
you may change the current mode of operation. The Model 24H will
respond with:
MODE OF OPERATION
Full Duplex Communication...................1
All Messages from All Ports.................2
Single Message from All Ports...............3
All Messages from Selected Port.............4
Single Message from Selected Port...........5
Time Division Multiplexing..................6
Exit........................................X
Current Mode of Operation is............... 1
Enter Mode of Operation :
You may now enter the mode of operation that you wish. The Model
24H will now return to the main configuration menu.
37
Since there are no adjustments and no moving parts in the Model 24H,
preventive maintenance is unnecessary.
If you find it necessary to return your Model 24H to the factory for
warranty work or factory-set changes, follow the procedure listed under
Section 7.2 for repacking.
Before you ship your unit, please call BayTech to get a Return
Authorization Number. BayTech cannot accept warranty or no-charge
returns without this number.
Ship your unit to the address listed in Section 8, - Technical Support.
If you need to repack your unit for shipping, please choose a heavy
cardboard box for packing. Surround your unit with sufficient insulation
(a minimum of 2-inches) to withstand the rigors of transport. Be sure to
seal the box securely with strapping or packing tape. Masking tape or
cellophane tape is not recommended.
38
"
In the event that you have problems with the Model 24H, BayTech has
a staff of applications engineers on duty to assist you from 7 am to 6
pm (CST or CDT), Monday through Friday. When you call BayTech
Technical Support, please have the following information available to
help the applications engineers answer your questions more efficiently:
1.
Identify which modules you are using and have the serial
number handy (located on the back of the unit).
2.
Identify the host and peripheral devices you have connected to
the Model 24H and the mode of operation you are using.
3.
Identify any special equipment you are using (for example,
in-line spoolers, networks, software drivers, etc.).
4.
Identify what cables you are using, what the lengths of the
cables are, and who sold you the cables.
5.
Identify any options you may have ordered with your unit.
6.
Identify the software packages you are using.
7.
If possible, have a print-out of the Model 24H's configuration
status ready when you call.
Always call BayTech before dismantling your equipment and/or
returning the Model 24H to BayTech for repair.
Bay Technical Associates, Inc.
P.O. Box 387, 200 N. Second Street
Bay Saint Louis, Mississippi 39520 U.S.A.
Phone: 228/467-8231 or 800/523-2702
Fax: 228/467-4551
Web Site: baytechdcd.com
39
#
$
%
This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used properly (that is, in strict accordance with the
manufacturer's instructions) may cause interference to radio and
television reception. The equipment has been type tested and found to
comply within the limits for a Class A computing device in accordance
with the specifications in Subpart J of Part 15 of FCC rules, which are
designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in
a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that
interference to radio or television reception will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment
off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Reorient the receiving antenna.
Relocate the computer equipment with respect to the
receiver.
Move the computer away from the receiver.
Plug the computer into a different outlet so that computer
and receiver are on different branch circuits.
If necessary, the user should consult the dealer or an experienced
radio/television technician for additional suggestions.
The Federal Communications Commission has prepared a booklet
entitled "How to Identify and Resolve Radio - TV Interference
Problems" which may be helpful to you. This booklet (stock
#004-000-00345-4) may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
*Use of a shielded interface cable is required to comply within the Class
A limits in Subpart J of Part 15 of FCC rules.
40
APPENDIX A
TROUBLESHOOTING
Please check this troubleshooting guide before calling BayTech
Tech Support.
PROBLEM: CANNOT CONFIGURE M24H
SYMPTOM: "CONTROL-T" FOLLOWED BY "C" SENT IN
TERMINAL MODE DOES NOT INVOKE CONFIGURATION
MENUS.
CAUSE: Cable.
SOLUTIONS:
1)
Check cabling between host computer and
Model 24H.
2)
Check handshaking lines using TERM
program. All lines (except possibly DCD
which is not used) should be high. If the
lines are not high, compare the pinout of
your cable with the pinouts shown in Section
4. If lines are high, turn the Model 24H off.
You should notice CTS and DSR lines go
low. If they do not go low, there is a good
chance you have an error in your cable.
3)
Check installation procedures for host
computer's serial port. COM1 must generate
an interrupt on IRQ4 (COM2 on IRQ3).
Also, check any jumpers for defining port
configuration which should be jumpered for
DTE, not DCE.
CAUSE: Port configuration.
SOLUTION: Match baud rate, word size, stop bits,
parity and handshaking between the Model 24H
host port and the host device.
41
CAUSE: Port selection.
SOLUTION: Be sure host device is connected to the
host port (Port 1) on the Model 24H.
CAUSE: Software.
SOLUTION: Use dumb terminal or a computer
running a terminal emulation program (i.e., TERM
supplied by BayTech, or another communications
package).
CAUSE: Bad serial port on host computer.
SOLUTION: Try a different serial port or host device.
PROBLEM: GARBAGE DATA
SYMPTOM: MISSING CHARACTERS
CAUSE: No data flow control due to incorrect cable
type.
SOLUTION: Check hardware handshaking lines in the
cable. The CTS is the input flow control line and
DTR is the output flow control line. Determine
which flow control signals are defined as input and
output for your equipment. Connect the CTS line
to the signal defined as output and DTR to the
signal defined as input. If using XON/XOFF
handshaking, verify that both Tx and Rx are
connected in the cable. Also verify that
XON/XOFF handshaking is enabled on the Model
24H and that your equipment supports XON/XOFF.
CAUSE: Cable length.
SOLUTION: BayTech will guarantee EIA-232 serial
data transmission up to 150 feet at 9600 baud. If
your cable exceeds this length, either shorten your
cable length or reduce the baud rate.
42
CAUSE: Configuration problem.
SOLUTION: Check baud rate, word size, stop bits and
parity on serial ports. Make sure the ports on the
Model 24H are configured to match the serial port
parameters of your equipment.
SYMPTOM: RANDOM GARBAGE CHARACTERS
CAUSE: Serial port configuration.
SOLUTION: In the Model 24H's configuration
mode,match baud rates, word size, stop bits,
parity, and handshaking with the connected device.
CAUSE: Cable length.
SOLUTION: BayTech will guarantee EIA-232 serial
data transmission up to 150 feet at 9600 baud. If
your cable exceeds this length, either shorten your
cable length or reduce the baud rate.
43
PROBLEM: CAN'T SELECT PERIPHERAL PORT FROM HOST
DEVICE
SYMPTOM: LEDs ON THE FRONT PANEL DO NOT CHANGE
WHEN SELECTING DIFFERENT PERIPHERAL PORT.
CAUSE: Incorrect port selection sequence.
SOLUTION: Verify the selection sequence the host
device is sending to select the desired peripheral
port. The port select sequence consists of the port
select code ($SELECT - default), the desired
peripheral port number (02 to 24), and a
terminating character (Carriage Return - 0A Hex or
Line Feed - 0D Hex).
CAUSE: Cable.
SOLUTION: Verify that the Tx and Rx signals as well
the handshake signals for the host device are
connected to the correct signals on the Model 24H.
See Section 4.
CAUSE: Serial port configuration.
SOLUTION: In the configuration mode, match baud
rates, word size, stop bits, parity, and handshaking
with the connected device.
44
PROBLEM: CAN'T RECEIVE DATA FROM PERIPHERAL PORTS
CAUSE: Wrong peripheral port selected.
SOLUTION: If in Modes 3, 4, or 5, make sure the
host device sends the correct port selection
sequence and/or request for message command.
See Section 5.2.
CAUSE: Peripheral device's cable.
SOLUTION: Verify that the Tx and Rx signals as well
the handshake signals for the peripheral device are
connected to the correct signals on the Model 24H.
See Section 4.
CAUSE: Wrong Mode of Operation.
SOLUTION: Please review how to operate in the
various modes and verify that the Mode of
Operation you are operating in is the correct one
for your application (see Section 5.2).
45
APPENDIX B
INDEX
A
ASCII 4, 12, 16, 18, 19, 21, 25, 28, 35
Asynchronous 3
B
Baud rate 2-4, 11, 25, 29, 30, 41-43
Binary mode 21
Buffer 1, 2, 4, 8, 9, 13-20, 22-24, 30
C
Cabling 2, 7, 8, 41
Case sensitive 26
CCITT 3
CDT 39
Centronics 3, 7
Character times 17
Communication 1, 3, 7-9, 14, 17, 22-24, 37
Configuration 2-4, 11, 12, 20, 21, 25-29, 31, 32, 33-37, 39, 41,
43, 44
Connectors 5, 7, 8
Control-T 25, 26, 35, 41
CST 39
CTS 5, 8, 9, 22-24, 41, 42
Current loop 3
46
D
Data block length 2-4, 11, 13, 15, 20, 26, 28, 37
Data Communication Equipment 8
Data flow control 22, 42
Data Terminal Equipment 8
DB-25 5, 7-10
Dimensions 4
Diskette 5, 6, 25
DOS 6
DSR 9, 41
DTE 3, 5, 8-10, 22, 41
DTR 5, 8, 9, 22, 23, 42
Dumb Terminal 25, 42
E
EIA-232 3, 7-9, 42, 43
EIA-422 3
Emulation 6, 25, 42
Environment 4
Eprom 6
F
Factory default 3, 11-14, 21
FAX 39
FCC 40
Full duplex communication 1, 3, 17, 37
G,H
Handshaking 5, 9, 11, 22, 23, 29, 41-44
Host port 2, 4, 13-25, 28, 31, 41, 42
Humidity 4
47
I
I/O module 9
IBM 3, 1, 7, 8, 11, 16, 25, 34
Identification block 26
Input Flow Control 23, 30, 42
Interface 3, 8, 40
Internal Buffer 4
J,K,L
LED 5, 6, 20
Logical name 3, 4, 12, 26-30, 32-34
M
Main configuration menu 25-27, 29, 31-37
Maintenance 38
Menu 2, 4, 11, 25-37
Menu selection 26
Message terminating character 11, 13, 14, 18
Mode of Operation 1-4, 14-21, 26-28, 37, 39, 45
Multiplexing 2, 1, 2, 11, 13-15, 18, 20, 37
48
N,O,P
Non-printable characters 35
Non-volatile memory 2, 4, 31, 34-37
Optional 3-6
Output flow control 23, 30, 42
Parity 2-4, 11, 16, 25, 27, 29, 30, 33, 34, 41, 43, 44
Pin assignment 7
Pinout 41
Port designation 26, 27, 32
Port expansion 3, 11
Port logical name 4, 12, 26, 28, 33
Port Select Code 2-4, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18-21, 26-28, 35, 44
Port selection 1, 14, 17, 42, 44, 45
Power cord 6
Power switch 6
Protective Ground 8, 9
Protocol 3, 7, 9, 28
Q,R
Rack-mount 5
RAM 31, 36, 37
Readme 6
Receive buffer 2, 15-17, 20
RTS 8, 9
49
S
Serial number 39
Serial port configuration 2, 11, 26-29, 43, 44
Signal ground 8, 9
Specifications 3, 40
Spooling 4
Status 26-30, 32, 35, 39
Stop bits 2-4, 11, 29, 30, 41, 43, 44
T
Technical Support 5, 38, 39
Television reception 40
Telex 39
Temperature 4
Term 6, 25, 28, 41, 42
Terminal 6, 8, 11, 22, 25, 31, 41, 42
Terminal emulation program 6, 25, 42
Terminating character 1, 3, 11-14, 16-19, 21, 36, 44
Time division multiplexing 2, 11, 13, 37
Timeout 35
U,V
User-defined character 16
User-programmable 4, 11
Utility software diskette 6
VAC 4, 6
Voltage 8, 22
Volts 8, 9
50
W
Warranty 5, 38
Weight 4
Word size 2-4, 11, 25, 29, 30, 41, 43, 44
X,Y,Z
XON/XOFF handshaking 11, 23, 29, 42
51
OTHER BAYTECH PRODUCTS
Print Master 700 Series printer controllers are made in several different
configurations satisfying various interface requirements. Each unit allows
computers to share, select and/or contend for printers easily and economically,
without switching cables. The internal buffering system allows simultaneous,
high-speed input from all connected computers and output to all printers.
Models come in six, eight, and ten port sizes. All have a 1 MB, dynamically
allocated buffer that may be expanded to 2 MB. The 706A and 708A all parallel
port models feature super fast throughput (up to 60,000 characters per second)
and an expandable buffer size up to 4 MB.
Print Master II 800 Series peripheral sharing devices connect between your
computers, printers, plotters, modems and other peripherals. These models
allow any of your computers to access any of your peripherals -- and talk to other
computers so files can be transferred and data shared. Plus, a built-in buffer
spools output data until your peripherals can receive it, freeing your computers to
go on to other tasks. Models come in four, eight, and ten ports. Four port
models have a 1 MB standard buffer which is expandable to 2 MB. Eight and
ten port models have a 256 KB buffer which may be increased to 1.2 MB.
Model 24SII DES Data Exchange System is the fastest peripheral sharing
solution available with throughput speeds up to 60,000 characters per second.
The total number of ports may be expanded from 4 to 24 ports using 4-port I/O
modules. Any port can be configured as an input or output port. The standard
1.0 MB buffer can be increased to 16 MB by user installed memory packages.
Plus, using popular communications software, this unit allows for computer to
computer high speed data transfer as well as modem sharing.
LaserShare is an intelligent printer controller that allows up to four or eight
computers to send data to a single HP LaserJet laser printer. LaserShare MIO
installs into the HP LaserJet Series IIISi, Series 4, and Series 4SI and will
support serial speeds up to 460K bps. LaserShare connects directly into the
optional I/O or MIO slot of the laser printer. Power is taken directly from the laser
printer so there is no need for a power cord. LaserShare and LaserShare MIO
can accept data from all ports simultaneously. Print jobs are printed on a first-in
first-out basis. All LaserShare models come standard with a buffer that can
range from 256K to 4MB. The buffer on LaserShare MIO models may range
from 1MB to 4MB. LaserShare 4C and LaserShare 4C MIO come with four
EIA-232C serial ports. LaserShare 8C and LaserShare 8C MIO come with
eight serial ports, LaserShare 4E comes with two parallel and two serial ports,
and LaserShare 4A and LaserShare 4A MIO come with four parallel ports.
* The LaserShare device for the Brother HL8e and HL8v is referred to as
LaserShare 4CB. This device is available with four (4) serial computer
ports and a fixed buffer size of 256KB.
The BayTech Print Server Plus PS-4A, PS-4C, and PS-4A models are user
configurable, high speed, network print servers that support up to four
peripherals including printers and modems. The PS-4A has four parallel ports,
the PS-4C will has four high speed serial ports, and the PS-4E has two parallel
and two high speed serial ports. The BayTech LaserShare Network PS-MIO is
a network print server card which installs into the MIO slot of the HP LaserJet
Series IIISi, Series 4, and Series 4Si laser printers. Each Print Server Plus is
compatible with Novell NetWare 3.XX and 4.XX using normal NetWare
commands and utilities (i.e., PCONSOLE, CAPTURE, and NPRINT). You may
use an Ethernet 10BASE2 (thin coax) or 10BASE-T (twisted pair) network
interface. The BayTech print server services up to 32 print queues distributed on
as many as 32 file servers.
TRAN-X high speed parallel/serial converter products allow you to extend
parallel cables to 1000+ feet and allow your network server, graphics
workstation, or PC to send/receive data at speeds up to 46,000 characters per
second. You can use the Tran-x Series with BayTech Model 24SII, LaserShare,
or network print servers for the fastest long distance peripheral sharing solution
available anywhere. Modular cabling provides simplicity in connections between
remote devices. Tran-x LPT-460 card plugs directly into your PC expansion slot.
Tran-x PS-02 connects to your PC's parallel port. Tran-x SP-01 connects to the
Centronics connector of a parallel printer. Tran-x SP-02 connects to the DB-25
parallel port of the BayTech 700 Series Print Master, 800 Series Print Master II,
or Model 24/24SII DES peripheral sharing units.
"500H" Series and Model 24SII DAC Data Acquisition and Control units
connect between one host computer and multiple peripheral devices. These
models are often used in industrial process-control environments (e.g., for
allowing control of multiple numerical or assembly-line machines), in exchanging
data between point-of-sale devices, or for operating a number of laboratory
instruments or business machines from a central computer. They are especially
effective in adapting small low-cost personal computers to these applications.
Each unit features six modes of operation which may be easily configured to
your application. The 500H series models are available with either 5 or 9 ports.
The Model 24SII DAC unit is expandable from 4 to 24 ports in 4-port modular
increments.
Model M16 DAC and Model M8 DAC Data Acquisition and Control units are
multifunction, user-configurable systems capable of providing a wide range of
data collection, communications, and device control. Possible applications
include security alarm monitoring process control, medical data systems control,
manufacturing and environmental data control systems. BayTech provides a
variety of host composite communication modules for remote and local control.
These composite modules include EIA-232/422/485 and current loop, V.35
synchronous, DDS (CSU/DSU), Modem V.32bis/V.42bis 14.4K bps, IEEE 802.3
Ethernet 10BASE2 or 10BASE-T, or IEEE 802.5 Token Ring network. The
M16/M8 is adaptable to a variety of applications by using various data acquisition
modules which include 16SI/8DI, 12 Bit A/D Converter, 8 Channel Control Relay,
16 Channel Optical Isolated Input, 16 Channel Switched Input, EIA-232/422 4
serial I/O ports, or EIA 485/422 4 serial I/O ports. System configuration and
comprehensive data collection functions are provided through module
configuration menus.
Telplex Models TX102, TX104 and TX108 are asynchronous statistical
multiplexers which multiplex and demultiplex two, four, or eight communications
channels over a single channel. This single channel is typically a telephone line
or cable. The Telplex TX24, TX28 and TX60 will multiplex and demultiplex up to
20, 28, and 60 ports respectively. The TX28 and TX60 support ethernet, taken
ring, EIA-232, EIA-422, V.35, and DDS communications. A Telplex pair may be
connected using high speed asynchronous or synchronous modems or via cable
up to 4000 feet. Telplex allows local and remote configuration and diagnostics.
A terminal connected to a local Telplex may configure or perform diagnostics on
the local unit. This same terminal may also configure or perform diagnostics on
a remote Telplex if there is a communication link with the remote site. You may
use Telplex in point-to-point, multiple location, daisy chained, or star
configuration applications. The TX28 and TX60 allow for multiple composite
modules which offer simultaneous communications with multiple remote
locations.
Telplex Model TX104M is an asynchronous statistical multiplexer with built-in
modem. Four individual communications channels are multiplexed into a single
dial-up or leased telephone line, cutting phone line costs to a minimum. The
TX104M features a V.22 bis internal modem which provides reliable
communication at speeds up to 4800 bps. With V.42 bis protocol, the TX104M
provides error correction and Classes 2-4 data compression. Compatible with
most computers, printers, or peripherals, the TX104M ensures rapid throughput,
and offers a variety of user-programmable features in order to meet your specific
application requirements.
The BX2448 is a V.22 bis external modem which uses deal-up or leased
telephone lines and comes equipped with many advantageous features, such as
MNP Class 5 data compression, which enables data transmission at speeds to
4800 bps and, MNP Classes 2 - 4 error correction. A wide selection of userprogrammable features allows you to customize the modem to your own
individual application.
500 SERIES MULTIPORT CONTROLLERS
Included in the 500 Series line of multiport controllers are units intended for the
following applications:
Port Expansion (A-Series): Allows a single serial port on a computer to
individually access up to 17 peripheral devices with full duplex communication.
Single Port Contention (DQ-Series): Allows up to 17 terminals to contend for a
single port on a computer system.
Multiple Port Contention (B-Series): Allows either 6, 8 or 12 terminals to
contend for either 3, 4 or 6 computer ports respectively.
Networking (F-Series): Networks either 5 or 9 ports together, i.e., allows any
port to connect to any other port on the multiport controller. These also have
host port control which allows a host computer system to make and/or break any
connection between two ports on the multiport controller.
Broadcasting (G-Series): Will simultaneously broadcast whatever data is
received on the host port out to either 4 or 8 peripheral devices while sending
data from a single selected peripheral device back to the host device. This unit
is also capable of operating in a port expansion mode such as the A-Series.
Auto T-Switch (T-Series): Allows a group of up to 6 terminals to switch
between two computer systems.
NOTE: All ports on the 500 Series are standard with EIA-232 ports.
EIA-422 and Current Loop ports are optionally available.
If you have questions concerning any of BayTech's products, please feel free to
call a BayTech Applications Engineer at either (800)523-2702 or (601)467-8231.
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