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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio)
Procedures for using the Siemens GSM-R cab radio (Version 2)
Issue 6.3
June 2012
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Published by
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© Copyright 2012
Reference: NS-GSM-R-OPS-0514
Rail Safety and Standards Board Limited
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Contents
Section
Description
Contents
2
Page
List of tables 6
List of figures 6
Issue status
RSSB
7
General information
7
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
Introduction
Purpose of this manual
Abbreviations
Definitions
8
8
8
9
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.3.5
2.3.6
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
The GSM-R systems
Network features
GSM-R call types
Point-to-Point calls
Normal Point-to-Point calls
Urgent point-to-point call
Broadcast call
Railway emergency group call
On-board communication
Public address announcement
Operational text messages
Call routing
Call priorities
Call waiting and call hold
Identifying who is making the call or who is being called
Call divert
11
11
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
15
15
16
16
16
3
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
GSM-R system users
User equipment
Fixed terminal equipment
On-train equipment
17
17
17
18
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
Where GSM-R works
Identifying GSM-R areas
Changing between different radio systems
Registration aliases
Areas not supported by signalling-system based call routing
Call signaller button
Urgent point-to-point calls (yellow button)
Standing at signal operational text message
19
19
19
20
20
21
21
21
5
5.1
5.2
Overview of the GSM-R cab radio
Cab radio buttons and what they do
GSM-R cab radio display-screen layouts
22
23
24
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
Normal-mode layout
Menu display layout
List-display layout
Shunting-mode layout
GSM-R cab radio menu structure and how to use it
24
24
25
25
25
6
Entering service
29
6.1
Preparing the cab radio
29
6.1.1
Traction unit power on
29
6.1.2
Switching on the cab radio display unit (using your driver’s key)
29
6.1.3
If the cab radio is already registered when switched on
30
6.1.4
User adjustable cab radio settings
31
6.1.5
Adjusting the brightness of the cab radio
32
6.2
Cab radio registration
32
6.2.1
Train reporting number (Headcode)
33
The TRN, is provided by your company, normally printed on your ‘driver’s diagram’
(or equivalent).
33
6.2.2
Location Code
33
6.2.3
Registering with the driver’s key on
34
6.2.4
Pre-registering the cab radio
35
6.3
Deregistering the cab radio
36
6.3.1
Deregister the cab radio (end of journey)
36
6.3.2
Deregister the cab radio (start new journey)
37
6.4
Keeping registration
38
6.5
One-touch communication buttons
38
6.5.1
Call signaller button
38
6.5.2
Urgent priority point-to-point call button
38
6.5.3
Railway-Emergency Group call button
38
6.5.4
Accidental use of the railway emergency group call button
38
6.6
Using phonebooks
39
6.6.1
Phonebook dialling
39
6.6.2
Using the Network Rail phonebook
39
6.6.3
Using the train operator phonebook
39
6.7
Keypad dialling
39
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.1.3
7.1.4
7.2
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.3
RSSB
Using the cab radio to communicate
Receiving a call
Receiving a point-to-point call
Receiving an urgent point-to-point call
Receiving a railway emergency group call
Receiving a general broadcast call
Receiving operational text messages
‘Contact signaller’ message
‘Contact Train Operator’ control message
Making calls
41
41
41
42
42
45
46
46
46
46
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
RSSB
7.3.1
Point-to-Point call to signaller
7.3.2
Unable to connect a call
7.3.3
Calling a signal box that has closed
7.3.4
Calling a signal box or panel where the role is being managed by
another signaller
7.3.5
Urgent point-to-point call
7.3.6
Railway emergency group call
7.3.7
Accidental use of the railway emergency group call
7.3.8
Emergency (999/112) call
7.3.9
Electrical Control Operator (ECO)
7.3.10
Operations Controller
7.3.11
Driver to driver communication
7.4
Handling several calls (call holding, call waiting, call pre-emption)
7.4.1
Putting a point-to-point call on hold
7.4.2
Another party putting you on hold
7.4.3
Reconnecting a held call
7.4.4
Swapping between an active call and a held call
7.4.5
New incoming call
7.4.6
Answering a waiting call
7.5
Sending operational text messages
7.5.1
Standing at signal
7.5.2
DSD alarm message
46
47
48
8
8.1
Shunting mode
Introduction
65
65
9
9.1
9.2
9.2.1
9.2.2
9.2.3
9.2.4
9.2.5
9.2.6
9.2.7
9.2.8
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.3.4
9.3.5
9.3.6
9.3.7
9.3.8
9.3.9
9.4
9.4.1
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.8.1
9.8.2
9.9
Trouble-shooting guide
Losing the main power supply (back-up battery arrangements)
If the radio does not power up correctly
Power-up self-test failures
Service-affecting failures
Non-service-affecting faults
Start up failure of Drivers Control Panel (DCP)
Cancelling fault messages
If the cab radio does not find the network
The radio connects to the wrong network
Cab radio displays foreign language
Registration problems
Registration failure
Cab radio failed to de-register from previous journey
PA registration failure
Wrong train reporting number displayed
Duplicate registration identity
Pending registration (trying to register if there is no coverage)
Loss of registration
Failure of the cab radio to de-register
Failure of the Public Address to de-register
Temporary loss of coverage
No Network message
Loss of signalling-system based call routing
Call failure and dropped calls
Checking if the radio can make and receive calls (echo call test)
Manually testing the cab radio (maintenance tests)
Using the test button
Tests available through the menu
Call divert accidentally left on
66
66
67
67
67
67
67
67
68
68
68
69
69
69
69
70
70
70
71
71
71
72
72
72
73
73
73
73
74
80
48
48
49
51
51
51
52
52
59
59
59
61
61
61
61
62
62
63
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9.10
RSSB
Cab radio error messages
82
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
List of tables
Table 1 - Types of GSM-R calls ............................................................................... 13
Table 2 – Cab radio buttons and what they do ......................................................... 23
Table 3 – GSM-R Cab radio menu structure ............................................................ 28
Table 4 – GSM-R cab radio error messages ............................................................ 87
List of figures
Figure 1 – GSM-R system overview ......................................................................... 12
Figure 2 – GSM-R fixed terminal .............................................................................. 18
Figure 3 – The GSM-R cab radio, handset and cradle ............................................. 18
Figure 4 – Start of GSM-R area ............................................................................... 19
Figure 5 – End of GSM-R area ................................................................................. 19
Figure 6 – Example GSM-R alias plate .................................................................... 20
Figure 7 – Example signal-box phone number plate ................................................ 20
Figure 8 – Example signal-box 12nn short code plate.............................................. 21
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Issue status
Version
Status
Date
1
Issued for ORG review
September 2006
2
Incorporating comments from ORG and further
development
May 2007
3
Further updates following operational testing and ORG
review.
September 2007
4
Updated to reflect version 1D cab radio software
December 2008
4A
Change bar added to highlight changes for 1D update
January 2009
5
Amended to reflect lessons learnt from the Strathclyde
Trial and Cab Mobile software version 1e changes.
January 2011
6
Updated to reflect version 2 cab radio software
November 2011
6.1
Updated to correct identified anomalies
December 2011
6.2
Updated to include updated information and to reflect
introduction of rule change regarding radio emergency
group call
June 2012
6.3
Updated with comments from May Operations Group
review
June 2012
Amended or additional parts of revised pages have been marked by a vertical black line in the
adjacent margin.
General information
Each Railway Group member is reminded of the need to consider its own responsibilities to ensure
health and safety at work and its own duties under health and safety legislation. RSSB does not
warrant that compliance with all or any documents published by RSSB is sufficient in itself to ensure
safe systems of work or operation or to satisfy such responsibilities or duties.
RSSB members wishing to use the information contained in this document as the basis for further
work are strongly advised to contact RSSB for current information on status, further guidance and the
possibility of additional support.
Uncontrolled copies of this document may be obtained from the Head of New Systems, RSSB Block 2
Angel Square, 1 Torrens Street, London EC1V 1NY.
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
1
Introduction
A new digital radio communications system is being introduced to the railways of Great
Britain. This uses a version of GSM (global system for mobile communications) - the
system used by mobile-phone companies.
The GSM-R system has been specifically developed for European rail companies. It is
based on European standards and specifications. The idea is to make sure trains can
travel freely from one country to another.
For the railways of Great Britain this means that, for the first time, there will be one
national system of secure communication for drivers and signallers with thorough
coverage of the rail network including deep cuttings and tunnels.
1.1
Purpose of this manual
This manual explains how the Siemens GSM-R cab radio works and how it should be
used.
1.2
RSSB
Abbreviations
BSC
Base station controller
BTS
Base station transceiver
CSR
Cab secure radio
DO
Driver only
DSD
Driver’s safety device
ECO
Electrical control operator
ECR
Electrical control room
GB
Great Britain
GSM
Global system for mobile communications
GSM-R
Global system for mobile communications – railways
MSC
Mobile switching centre
NRN
National radio network
OTDR
On-train data recorder
PA
Public address
PTT
Press to talk
SG
Standing at signal
SIM
Subscriber identity module
TOC
Train Operating Company
TRN
Train Reporting Number (Headcode)
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
1.3
Definitions
Call routing
Cell-based call routing:
A way of making calls to people who are registered based
on where the caller is, for example, calls will be routed to
the nominated signaller, operations controller or ECO.
Cell-based routing uses information based on which cell
the caller is within the GSM-R network to route the call.
Signalling system-based call routing:
Signalling system-based call routing uses information
taken from the signalling system to improve the location
information (where a call comes from) provided by GSM-R
to provide accurate call routing. This means that a call to a
signaller is always routed to the correct signaller for that
location (signal).
Cell
The area covered by a single GSM-R base station
including any associated repeaters.
Driver-only
A train that is worked only by a driver and does not have a
guard.
Group call area
A predefined cluster of cells, which are set within the GSMR network and normally consisting of three cells. This
ensures that any group call initiated can be heard in the
cell of origin and any adjoining cell.
The type of group call will determine who will receive the
call, for example, a railway emergency group call will be
received by all cab radio users within the group call area,
including any that may enter the area once the call has
been established.
Fixed terminal users will also be included in the group call,
for example, at least one:

signaller.
 operations controller.
However, because of the geographical area that most fixed
terminal users control it will be normal for them to be
associated with several group call areas.
Train Reporting
Number
RSSB
This four character number (number, letter, number,
number), commonly termed “Headcode,” is used for
railway systems, publications and communication. A train
reporting number may be used for more than one train on
the network at any time, included in the same signaller’s
area of control.
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Lead driver
The lead driver has lead responsibility in conversations
with other drivers registered on the same train.
Communication with anyone else concerning the
movement of the train will normally be handled by the lead
driver.
Nominated
signaller
If a call or operational text message is directed to the
signaller where ‘cell-based call routing’ is in operation, the
call will be directed to a nominated signaller chosen by
Network Rail to receive that call, who may not be the
correct signaller who controls the area from which the call
was originated.
Priority and preemption
In GSM-R the different types of call are given a level of
priority which is used to make sure that operational and
emergency calls are not blocked by lower-priority calls.
Registration Code
Normally a seven-digit number which includes the four-digit
train reporting number and a three-digit location code (the
signal number, the number shown on an alias plate or an
area specific 99X number).
(When setting up driver to driver communications the
Registration Code consists of a five digit code + three-digit
location code.)
RSSB
Secure radio
system
A radio system that identifies where the train is or the train
reporting number when used by a driver calling a signaller
(or a signaller calling a driver). The system allows
instructions on operational movement to be passed
between the signaller and driver without other signallers or
drivers hearing the communication.
Subscriber identity
module (SIM)
SIM is part of the network which gives identity to the radio
managed and controlled by the infrastructure controller.
SIM, though part of the network, is actually mounted in the
cab radio.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
2
The GSM-R systems
GSM-R is based on the same technology that is used for public GSM (mobile phone)
networks. However there are some extras added for railways.
The GSM-R system is made up of a network of radio base stations installed at the side of
the track at regular intervals (about every five or six kilometres depending on the local
environment and so on). These provide radio coverage for the cab radio and people using
the GSM-R mobile system. This coverage includes tunnels as extra equipment, known as
a repeater or leaky feeder, is provided to make sure that there is always network
coverage. The coverage associated with an individual base station and its related
repeater or repeaters is known as a cell.
Base stations are linked together in groups and connected to a central call-routing switch,
the mobile switching centre (MSC) – Figure 1. This MSC confirms that users are
authorised to use the system, connects calls between system users, and provides access
to other networks if allowed. The MSC also receives information from other systems such
as the signalling system (in areas where this is available). This provides an accurate
source of train location information that the MSC uses to route calls to the appropriate
signaller (or controller).
A GSM-R cab radio is provided in each driving cab for use by competent members of train
crew who are authorised, for example, drivers. GSM-R fixed terminals are provided for
use by signallers, operations controllers and electrical control operators.
2.1
Network features
The GSM-R system introduces a number of services and benefits to the user. The
services provided include:

Point-to-point calls.

Pre-defined operational text messages, for specific situations.

Broadcast calls.

Emergency group calls.
The system can also:
RSSB

Route calls automatically from a registered cab radio.

Automatically changes channels.

Provide call waiting.

Allow calls to be put on hold.

Identifiy who is calling or being called.

Allow more than one person to use the system.

Prioritise calls.
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Figure 1 – GSM-R system overview
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
2.2
GSM-R call types
There are two generic types of call in GSM-R - point-to-point calls and group calls. Within
each of these types of call there are a number of variants as listed in Table 1. Generally,
in the case of the cab radio, taking part in a group call involves using the press to talk
(PTT) button to speak to the other people involved in the conversation whereas taking part
in a point-to-point call does not. Fixed terminal users (in other words, the signaller,
operations controller or ECO) must use the PTT for all types of call.
A point-to-point call is a call between two people (like a normal telephone call) where one
person dials another and both people can speak at the same time. The call will continue
until either person ends it.
A group call will be connected to everyone in the specific GSM-R area that the call was
aimed at. The group call allows only one cab radio user in the group to talk at any time
(managed by the PTT button on the handset). However, those using fixed terminals who
are involved in the call can override this and may talk at any time. A user will leave the call
when they leave the group call area (for example, a train crossing the boundary of the last
cell in the group-call area will leave the call) or when the call is ended.
Point-to-point calls
Group calls
Standard point-to-point call
Railway emergency group call
Urgent point-to-point call
Shunting group call
Public address call (Received only)
Shunting emergency group call
Berth triggered broadcast call (Received
only)
Broadcast area call (Received only)
Table 1 - Types of GSM-R calls
2.3
Point-to-Point calls
2.3.1
Normal Point-to-Point calls
A conventional phone call between two people as described above.
2.3.2
Urgent point-to-point call
The network will give an urgent point-to-point call a higher priority than the normal one.
When the call is made from the cab radio, this type of call only goes to the signaller. It
should be used if a driver becomes aware of an incident that the signaller needs to know
about immediately, but which does not mean all other trains in the area have to be
stopped. The signaller can also make an urgent point-to-point call to a specific train in the
event of an urgent situation and verbally request the train to stop.
2.3.3
Broadcast call
A broadcast call is a one-way announcement from the signaller (or operations controller) to
all GSM-R cab radios in a pre-defined area. Broadcast calls are normally pre-recorded for
automatic broadcast at previously determined intervals or locations.

RSSB
Fixed terminal users have the ability to make live broadcast calls.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
The signaller (or operations controller) will announce, at the beginning of the recording,
that the message is a broadcast call and will ensure that the end of the recording is clearly
identified. This will make late entrants or those leaving the pre-defined broadcast area
aware that they have received only part of the broadcast call.
The cab radio automatically answers broadcast calls and speech is relayed through the
loudspeaker. Those receiving a broadcast call only have to listen to the broadcast, and
take the relevant information that is likely to affect their train or prove useful to other
members of staff or passengers on the train.
2.3.4
Railway emergency group call
The network will give a railway emergency group call the highest priority. Someone using
a cab radio or a fixed terminal may make a railway emergency group call.
Once an emergency group call begins all GSM-R users within a certain area will
automatically be connected to the call. The call can only be ended by the person who
made it or someone using a fixed terminal.
2.3.5
On-board communication
This function allows onboard members of staff to use the GSM-R equipment to
communicate directly with each other providing that they have a GSM-R cab radio and
have registered their function or role.
2.3.6
Public address announcement
This allows the signaller to make a call over a train’s public address (PA) system. This is
necessary on all driver only (DO) passenger services.
The signaller can use this function if a driver’s safety device (DSD) alarm is received.
They can ask any railway staff travelling on the train to contact the driver.
2.4
Operational text messages
A number of operational text messages have been developed to improve communications
between drivers, signallers and controllers.
From the fixed terminal the signaller can send:

Contact signaller.

Wait (in response to a standing at signal message from the cab radio).
From the cab radio the driver can send:

Standing at signal (SG).

A DSD alarm sent automatically by the cab radio if the driver becomes incapacitated
or fails to reset the vigilance device
From the fixed terminal the TOC controller can send:

RSSB
Contact xxxxxxx Control.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
2.5
Call routing
The GSM-R network uses a series of base stations located alongside the railway to
provide radio coverage. The coverage associated with each base station is commonly
known as a cell area.
In most instances each cell will have only one signaller. In these instances the GSM-R
network can route any calls or operational text messages sent from a cab radio to the
correct signaller.
However in some instances, there will be more than one signaller controlling train
movements within the same GSM-R cell area, for example, where responsibility transfers
from one signal box (or panel) to another. In these areas the GSM-R network will not be
able to tell the difference between signallers and will need extra information to allow it to
route calls to the correct signaller for the train making the call.
The GSM-R network will gather this extra information from the signalling system, using the
train’s last reported position stored in the signalling system, to route the call. This is
known as signalling system-based call routing.
On routes where signalling system-based call routing is not provided, the GSM-R network
will route any calls or operational text messages sent from a cab radio to a ‘Nominated
Signaller’. This person may not be the signaller who controls the area for that train. At
certain signals on these routes, GSM-R signal box phone number plates will be provided
to show the driver that they must contact the signaller who controls the area by dialling the
GSM-R fixed terminal phone number (see 4.4) or short code ‘12nn’ number shown on the
sign, instead of using the standing at signal message or call signaller button.

Signal box GSM-R fixed terminal telephone numbers will be published in the Weekly
Operating Notice (WON) and are also held in the cab radio Network Rail telephone
book.
In addition, at those signals/locations identified above, urgent point-to-point calls made
using the yellow button will be routed to a ‘Nominated Signaller’, who may or may not be
the signaller who controls the area. The ‘Nominated Signaller’ will take any immediate
actions required before telling the signaller who controls the area to contact the driver
concerned.

2.6
To prevent vital caller identity information being lost the ‘Nominated Signaller’ is not
permitted to forward your call to the signaller who controls the area.
Call priorities
The GSM-R network, as with any mobile phone network, has a limit to how many calls it
can take. With this in mind, the system will prioritise different types of calls. For example,
emergency or urgent calls will be connected, possibly at the expense of normal operational
calls.

RSSB
If your call is automatically terminated due to a higher priority call being received by
the person to whom you are talking, you will not receive any prior warning but you will
see “Terminating” displayed on the screen.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
The person with ‘Lead Responsibility’ will be responsible for re-establishing
communication, for example, in the case of a communication involving a signaller and
driver, the signaller would be responsible for re-establishing the communication.
If you are not the person with ‘Lead Responsibility’, then you must wait to be contacted by
the person with ‘Lead Responsibility’.
2.7
Call waiting and call hold
If someone using a cab radio is already involved in a call of an equal or higher priority,
they will be alerted to the incoming call and may:
2.8

ignore the incoming call and continue with the call (the incoming call will be rejected
after a set time, or the caller will hang up).

end the ongoing call which will automatically connect the incoming call. or

place the ongoing call on hold (telling the other party that they will be put on hold) and
accept the incoming call. Once the second call is answered the user may swap
between both calls. A call will remain on hold until the second call has been ended, at
which point the call on hold will be automatically re-connected (it is important that the
driver announces to the other party that the call is being re-continued).
Identifying who is making the call or who is being called
The identity of the caller and the called party will be shown on the cab radio display. The
form that this takes depends on the information that is available to the cab radio at the
time. For example, if an outgoing call is made by pressing the call signaller button, the cab
radio will look up the number of the signaller that the call is routed to (from the Network
Rail phone book) and display the listed signaller’s name (for example, Glasgow Panel 1).

The identity of the called party will be displayed once the call is connected and either
a corresponding entry is stored within the cab radio’s phonebook or the fixed terminal
sends its identity to the cab radio.
Similar information is shown on the fixed terminal in the form of a train’s TRN (assuming
the cab radio has been registered) or the stock number of the traction unit (if it has not
been registered). The train’s last reported position stored within the signalling system is
also shown or, if this is not available, the name of the cell area is shown.
2.9
Call divert
Call divert provides the option of forwarding incoming calls to another number. However,
this function must not be used as there is currently no operational requirement for it.
RSSB
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3
GSM-R system users
The main purpose of GSM-R is to provide secure communications between train drivers
and signallers. However, the following people are also likely to use the system:

Signal box supervisors.

Network Rail operations controllers.

Electrical control operators (ECO).

Train operator controllers.

Guards.

Other on-train staff.

Shunters.

Trackside workers.
The GSM-R system should be used only in line with instructions shown in GE/RT8000,
Rule Book.
3.1
User equipment
3.1.1
Fixed terminal equipment
Signal boxes, Network Rail operations control offices and electrical control rooms have
GSM-R fixed terminals, allowing calls and text messaging, connected to the MSC through
the Network Rail fixed telecommunications network. In some signal boxes the signal box
supervisor will also have a fixed terminal.
The fixed terminal gives the signaller and controller a list of all the users registered in the
signaller’s controlling area. Each registered cab radio will be identified by the TRN. The
fixed terminal includes a handset for normal two-way voice communications plus a PTT
button, a loudspeaker and display.
If you use a fixed terminal you will need to use the PTT for all types of calls. If you use a
cab radio, you will use the PTT for group calls only.

Signallers and controllers have the facility to override a cab mobile user and interrupt
if required. This is likely to occur when a cab mobile user has finished speaking but
has not released the PTT on the handset to allow other to speak.
When this facility is used, the cab mobile user will hear their speech played back to them
in the form of an echo (commonly termed “Talker echo”). This is not apparent to the fixed
terminal user whose only indication may be the cab mobile user having difficulty in
completing their communication.
Strict adherence to voice protocols will stop this event happening accidentally (ie wait for
the sender to complete their message before responding and release the PTT when
finished talking).
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Figure 2 – GSM-R fixed terminal
3.1.2
On-train equipment
The GSM-R equipment installed in the driving cab includes a cab radio assembly, user
interface, handset and cradle, cab loudspeaker, roof-mounted antenna and associated
cabling. The cab radio may also have its own battery to maintain power in case the
normal power supply is interrupted.
The separate user interface (display unit) has a display and push buttons and is linked to a
handset and loudspeaker.
The handset, including the speaker, the microphone and the PTT button, sits in a cradle
which the driver can reach easily.
Figure 3 – The GSM-R cab radio, handset and cradle
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4
Where GSM-R works
The aim is that GSM-R should cover the whole of the rail network in Great Britain including
tunnels and cuttings. The network will be introduced in stages over a number of years. As
a result, it will be extended over a period of time. The network will be provided on a routeby-route basis, it is therefore likely that there will be gaps in coverage until the network has
been fully rolled out.
4.1
Identifying GSM-R areas
The beginning and end points of GSM-R operational areas are identified using the
following signs.
The sign shown opposite (Figure 4) shows the start
of a GSM-R radio section and potential changeover
point from cab secure radio (CSR) or national radio
network (NRN) radio to GSM-R.
When a train passes one of these signs, the driver
must check that the GSM-R radio is working
registered and connected to the GSM-R GB
network.
Figure 4 – Start of GSM-R area
The top half of the sign shown opposite (Figure 5)
shows the end of a GSM-R radio section. When
reaching the end of a GSM-R section, drivers will
have to change to another radio system, for
example NRN. To help with the changeover from
GSM-R to NRN or CSR, the NRN or CSR code is
also displayed on the lower half of the sign.
Figure 5 – End of GSM-R area
4.2
Changing between different radio systems
Drivers can change from GSM-R to NRN while the train is moving, as long as they can do
it safely and without causing distraction.
Drivers must not change from GSM-R to CSR while a train is moving, as they need to pay
more attention to this process.
Drivers can change from CSR or NRN to GSM-R on the move when the GSM-R cab radio
has been pre-registered (see section 6.2.4), the driver must confirm that the cab radio has
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registered with the GSM-R network at the changeover point so that it is on the signaller’s
fixed terminal list of trains and mobiles.
 When operating in an IVRS radio area, and where authorised, the GSM-R cab radio
can be used for communication in place of the IVRS handset.
When changing between radios, it is essential that the driver checks the operational status
of the radio.
It may be possible for you to receive calls on both radio systems, if they are switched on.
However, if for any reason you become confused about the information being received,
you must seek clarification, stopping your train immediately if necessary, for example,
emergency calls received on both radio systems.

4.3
When changing from GSM-R if you do not intend to use GSM-R later in the journey,
you must de-register the cab radio from the network before losing network coverage
(see section 6.4).
Registration aliases
In places where there is no signal or where
there may be confusion over the number to
enter when registering the cab radio, an alias
plate will be provided, see Figure 6.
You must use the 3-digit number shown on
the alias plate and not the signal number at
these locations.
4.4
Areas not supported by signalling-system based call routing
At certain signals the GSM-R network may not
be able to automatically route calls from the
driver to the signaller who controls the area.
In these areas the driver must call the
signaller either by dialling the signaller’s GSMR phone number using the keypad, or by
using the phonebook. A sign (Figure 7) will
be provided, displaying the correct signaller’s
GSM-R phone number, to remind drivers
about this.
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Figure 6 – Example GSM-R alias plate
Figure 7 – Example signal-box phone
number plate
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
An alternative method has been developed to
avoid a driver having to dial the long form 8digit number. This is achieved by dialling a
short code 12nn (the value of ‘nn’ will be
allocated on a location specific basis to allow
the call to be directed to the correct signaller).
A sign (see Figure 8) will be provided on
affected signals displaying the correct
signaller’s GSM-R short code number, to tell
drivers about this.
Figure 8 – Example signal-box 12nn
short code plate
It is important to understand that the following functions will be affected at signals plated
with either a CT7 or 12nn sign:
4.4.1
Call signaller button
You must not use the ‘call signaller’ button, as the GSM-R network cannot be relied upon
to route the call to the correct signaller.
4.4.2
Urgent point-to-point calls (yellow button)
Drivers using the ‘yellow button’ to make an urgent point-to-point call will need to be aware
in certain areas not supported by signalling system based call routing, the call may not be
answered by the signaller who controls the area. As a result anyone involved in the call
must correctly identify who they are speaking to and come to a clear understanding. In
these incidents, the GSM-R network will route all urgent point-to-point calls to a
‘Nominated Signaller’.
To help with this, the signaller’s identity will be displayed on the cab radio display.
If an Urgent call is routed to a ‘Nominated Signaller’ who does not control the area, you
must stay in contact with the signaller until you have been assured that the correct
signaller will call you.
4.4.3
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Standing at signal operational text message
In areas not supported by signalling system based call routing, you must not use the
‘standing at signal’ (SG) operational text message, as the GSM-R network cannot be relied
upon to route the message to the correct signaller.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
5
Overview of the GSM-R cab radio
This section provides an overview of the GSM-R cab radio and what it does.
Emergency functions
Day/night
Light sensor
Brightness
control
Test
button
Menu navigation/
volume control
Numbers and letters
keypad
Accept
Registration
Reject
or
cancel
Signaller comms/
TOC phonebook
Figure 9 – The GSM-R cab radio layout and controls
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5.1
Cab radio buttons and what they do
Button name
Number
Button
to
What it does
Used to enter numbers and alpha digits when
registering, onto the display. Also used to enter text
when searching the phonebooks.
Accept
Used to answer calls and accept user entry.
Cancel
Used to reject or end a call and cancel user entry.
Press it once to delete the last character entered or
hold it down to clear all the characters entered.
Menu
Provides access to the menu.
Phonebook
Provides access to the train operator phonebook
Up
Used to scroll up through the screen or menu options
or to increase the volume.
Down
Used to scroll downwards through the screen or menu
options or to reduce the volume.
Test
Tests the cab radio.
Increase
brightness
Increases the brightness of the display and button
backlighting, or scroll along text that is longer than 20
characters.
Reduce
brightness
Reduces the brightness of the display and button
backlighting, or scroll along text messages that are
longer than 20 characters.
Registration
Enables registration and deregistration of the cab
radio.
One touch communication buttons
Standing at
signal
Sends the ‘standing at signal’ operational text
message.
Stop
acknowledge
Used to acknowledge an incoming railway- emergency
group call (stops the ‘STOP’ message flashing).
Call signaller
To make a call to the signaller.
Emergency
To make a railway-emergency group call.
Urgent call
To make an urgent point-to-point call to the signaller.
Table 2 – Cab radio buttons and what they do
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5.2
GSM-R cab radio display-screen layouts
The cab radio display contains four lines each with 20 characters and has four different
screen layouts depending on how you are using the radio. The display modes are: normal
mode; shunting mode; menu layout; and list layout.
5.2.1
Normal-mode layout
The normal layout and associated fields are shown below (the dotted lines are only to
show the boundaries between the fields and you will not see these on the display).
Network Name
Headcode
Status 1
Action
Call information
Status 2
5.2.2
Status 3
Status 4

The ‘network name’ will display “GSM-R GB” once the radio has found coverage.

The ‘headcode’ field will display the train’s TRN, (only after the radio has been
successfully registered).

The ‘status 1’ field displays the status of an action or process such as a call, in other
words “Calling”, “Connected”, “Incoming” or “Terminating”.

‘Action’ identifies an action that the driver might need to carry out particularly during a
call, for example, “PTT” (press to talk).

‘Call information’ contains extra information relating to the current process, for
example, the identity of the person making an incoming call.

‘Status 2’ is used to provide information about a new incoming call when a call is
already in progress (in which case the field will take up the whole display line), or to
display information about the battery support.

‘Status 3’, is used to indicate incoming messages.

‘Status 4’ is used for reminders or displaced messages from the ‘call information’ and
‘status 1’ fields.
Menu display layout
When displaying a menu the screen will be arranged as shown below. A navigation cursor
will indicate the selected menu item and can be moved up and down the list using the
scroll buttons.
Menu Item 1
Menu Item 2
Menu Item 3
Menu Item 4
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5.2.3
List-display layout
When displaying a list, the screen will be arranged as shown below. The phonebook is an
example of a listed layout where entries are displayed in alphabetical order, which you can
go through using the scroll buttons or using the ‘list search’ field by entering up to the first
three characters to find a particular entry. The list item you have chosen will be identified
by a cursor to the left of the item.
List Prompt
List search
List Item 1
List Item 2
List Item 3
5.2.4
Shunting-mode layout
Shunting-mode layout and its associated fields are shown below.
Network Name
Headcode
Status 1
Action
Information 1
Information 2
5.2.5
Status 2

The ‘network name’ and ‘headcode’ fields are the same as were described previously.

The ‘status 1’ field displays the status of an action or process such as a call, in other
words, “Calling”, “Connected”, “Incoming” or “Terminating”.

‘Status 2’ is used to display information relating to the battery.

‘Action’ identifies an action that the driver might need to carry out particularly during a
call such as “PTT” (press to talk).

‘Information 1’ contains extra information relating to the current process, for example,
the identity of the person making an incoming call. It also displays the shunting team
number.

‘Information 2’ displays the shunting area number.
GSM-R cab radio menu structure and how to use it
You can use the functions of the cab radio through a menu containing seven top-level
headings with up to two further lower-levels. You can get to these menu functions either
by choosing a top-level menu option and then a lower level menu option using
combinations of the menu
, scroll
menu short cut using the keypad.
,
and accept
buttons, or by entering a
Any menu option which has dots ‘…’ after it shows that there is an associated sub menu
and so it will have further options for the user to choose from. The plus (+) sign in the
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bottom right-hand corner of the display, shows that there are other entries in the current
menu.
Using the menu, scroll and accept buttons, to get to the pre-registration function is shown
below as an example.
Press
to get to the top-level menu.
1 Calls...
2 Shunt Mode
3 Settings...
4 Reg/De-reg...
Use
to move the cursor down to item 4
(Register or deregister).
Press
to choose item 4.
The cursor in the sub menu will
automatically go to item 1 (pre-register).
Press
to choose item 1.
The display now shows the pre-registration
entry screen.
+
1 Calls...
2 Shunt Mode
3 Settings...
4 Reg/De-reg...
+
1 Pre-register
2 Register
3 Deregister
Pre-registration ID
_
To get to a function using a menu short cut simply, press the menu button followed by the
numbers for the shortcut and then press the accept button, for example, to use the preregister function, you would press:
‡ One or the other will be displayed but not both
Table 3 presents a detailed view of the menu structure, showing the menu short cuts
(numbered), and a short description of the associated function.
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Main menu (level 1)
Sub menu (level 2)
Sub menu (level 3)
What it does
1 Calls….
1
2
3
4
5
Operations Control
ECO
Trains in Area
Phone book2
Other Calls…
2 Shunt Mode
1
1
2
1
2
3
4
Common Group ‡
Join Shunt Team ‡
Exit Shunt Mode
Select Network
Change Language…
Restore Defaults
Divert All Calls
List of stored numbers
1 Build Multiparty
2 Train Crew…
3 Group Call
4 Broadcast Call
5 Construct Number
List of available networks
List of SIM defined languages
1 Activate ‡
1 Deactivate ‡
5
6
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Read SIM
Auto Network
Pre-register
Register
Deregister
Show Registered
Fault Code Help…
Handset Test
Loudspeaker Test
Button Tests
5
6
Attached Systems
PA Tests
7
Version Info.
Makes a call to operations control (short dial 1300)
Makes a call to the electrical control operator (short dial 1400)
Not available
Displays the phonebook
Calls other driver on the train
Provides a list of other registered on-train staff that you can call
Not available
Not available
Helps to create and dial an EIRENE functional number
Makes a call to (joins) the common shunting group
Joins a shunting-team call
Leave shunting mode and returns to normal mode
You can choose the appropriate network from a list
You can change the language you are using
Restores all factory settings (language, volume, brightness and so on)
Switches on call divert when no divert is on
Switches off call divert when a divert is already on
Reads the information you have chosen from the cab radio SIM
Allows the user to put into automatic network mode
Enables user to enter registration details for later use (pre-register)
Provides a list of functional roles for you to select from
You can deregister the cab radio functional numbering
Displays a list of currently registered identities
Text description giving maintainer further information about fault codes
Allows you to test the microphone and earpiece using the PTT
A facility for testing the loudspeaker
A facility for testing the emergency button
A facility for testing the urgent call button
Enters the button testing sub menu
Allows the driver to test the PA connection on the train using either a tone or
speech test
Provides a sub menu offering options to display various version information
about the radio
8
1
2
Fault Log
Send Message…
Received Msgs…
Settings…
4 Reg/De-Reg
5 Maintenance…
6 Messages…
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Selection of Functional Role
-
1
2
Red ButtonTest
Yellow Button Test
1
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
PA Tone Test
PA Speech Test
Stock Number
CM Serial Number
Software Version
Trx Type
Trx Model
Trx Version
IMEI
List of operational messages
List of received messages
Displays a list of the last 50 fault events
Not available
Not available
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Main menu (level 1)
7 Retrieve Call
In-call menu
Sub menu (level 2)
Sub menu (level 3)
What it does
Hold/Swap Call
Join Calls
List of sent messages
List of received messages
-
Remove Party…
-
Not available
Not available
Reconnects a held call
Used to swap between two calls for example an ongoing and incoming call
Allows you to make or extend a call between more than one person (multi-party
call)
Removes someone from a multi-party call
3
4
Sent Messages…
Cell Broadcast…
1
2
3
‡ One or the other will be displayed but not both
Table 3 – GSM-R Cab radio menu structure
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
6
Entering service
6.1
Preparing the cab radio
Before a train enters service, you must check the operational status of any cab radio that
is to be used during the journey. This is normally the responsibility of the person who is
carrying out train-preparation duties.
6.1.1
Traction unit power on
Whenever the traction unit is cut in the cab radio will also power up and automatically test
itself. The start and end of the self-test is displayed on the cab radio. The display also
shows you the progress of the test. If there is more than one display unit associated with
the cab radio, for example, on a locomotive, the status of the self-test is displayed on both.
The cab radio initialisation process consists of a number of stages. The commencement
of each stage will cause a change of state on the display:
When the traction unit is powered on, the cab
radio power-up sequence begins and the display
and keypad backlighting will be lit up
momentarily.
Each stage of the process will be shown with an appropriate message such as Initialising,
Powering up and Testing. During this process software version 2 is identified by NR 3.1
showing on the display.
When the self-test has finished the message
‘Test OK’ is displayed. The message will remain
in the display for 15 minutes, after which the cab
radio will go into standby mode causing the
display to go blank.
Test OK
To make a call, while the ‘Test OK’ message is displayed, you will need to switch on the
cab radio display (see section 6.1.2).

6.1.2
If the cab radio fails the self-test refer to section 9.2.
Switching on the cab radio display unit (using your driver’s key)
Once you have cut the traction unit in and the cab radio has completed its automatic selftest, the display will switch off. Before the cab radio can be used operationally you must
switch on the display by simply inserting your driver’s key and moving the master switch
away from the ‘off’ position.
When switching on the cab radio’s display, it will light up momentarily.
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Once switched on the GB GSM-R network
name will be displayed (“GSM-R GB”),
showing that the cab radio has connected to the
GSM-R network.
If the cab radio does not find network coverage,
for example, due to a local network problem or
in an area not yet operating with GSM-R, the
display will show ‘Searching networks, Please
wait’.
GSM-R GB
Searching networks
Please wait
If the cab radio does not find coverage at all refer to section 9.2.6.
Once the cab radio has found the network it is ready to use (in other words it can make
and receive calls). However, if the display unit is in the cab from where the train will be
driven, you must register the cab radio with the GSM-R network (see section 6.2).
While the cab radio is unregistered, although it can make and receive calls (including
emergency and urgent calls), the signaller will not receive the TRN or additional location
information provided by signalling-system based call routing. In addition, the signaller will
not be able to call you using the TRN and will have to find your train’s stock number from
other systems.
If using the cab radio while it is unregistered you must not use the call signaller or
standing at signal buttons, as the call or message might not be connected to the right
signaller.
An unregistered train is also able to send a DSD alarm message to the signaller so it is
important that (if you are the driver) you register the train to make sure that the message
accurately identifies your train identity and location and is sent to the signaller controlling
the movement of your train.
In certain circumstances it may be necessary to use the cab radio without inserting a
driver’s key.
Provided the driver’s key is out, you can switch on a cab radio by pressing the
button
for at least two seconds. However, if the cab radio is not used for a period of 30 minutes it
will automatically switch off.

6.1.3
RSSB
If the train is only fitted with a single train radio, but has two associated cab radio
display units, for example, a locomotive, then calls can only be made from one cab
radio display unit at a time.
If the cab radio is already registered when switched on
If the cab radio registration was retained by the previous driver when leaving the cab, then
the registered TRN will be displayed in the top right corner of the radio’s display. If this is
the correct train TRN for your journey then the cab radio is already correctly registered. If
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
not, you must deregister the TRN that is displayed and register the correct train TRN for
your journey (see section 6.2.1) provided to you by your company.
Registration retained by the previous driver.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Ensure that the train reporting number
(headcode) is correct for your journey.
6.1.4
User adjustable cab radio settings
The cab radio has pre-defined volume and brightness levels set already, you can change
these when using the cab radio. These settings will be retained for 30 minutes after the
radio is switched off. Also, the next time the cab radio is powered up it will return to the
default settings.
6.1.4.1
Adjusting the cab radio handset or loudspeaker volume
You can use the ‘up’ and ‘down’ arrow buttons to adjust the cab
radio’s handset and loudspeaker volume when the radio is not
being used or is in a call.
If you use the volume control buttons when the handset is in its
cradle, you can change the volume of the loudspeaker. If the
handset is not in its cradle, you can change the volume of the
handset.
6.1.4.2
Adjusting the loudspeaker volume
When the handset is in the cradle and the display is
not showing any menu or list, press either the
or
button to get access to the speaker volume
control setting bar.
6.1.4.3
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Speaker volume
<
>
Adjusting the handset volume
When the handset is not in the cradle and the
display is not showing any menu or list,
GSM-R GB
press either the
or
button to get the
handset volume control bar.
<
Handset volume
>
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In either case, use the appropriate button to increase
or reduce
the volume. The
volume setting bar will change (as does the audible volume, if the relevant audio path is
open).
If you are in a call, simply pressing the up and down buttons will change the relevant
volume control.
If you do not make a change within a two-second period, the volume control will be cleared
from the display and the current setting will apply.
You can turn the volume down to a minimum setting but you cannot turn it off completely.
6.1.5
Adjusting the brightness of the cab radio
A sensor on the front of the display unit automatically manages how
bright the cab radio is, switching between day and night settings.
However, there might be times when you want to increase or reduce
the brightness to suit your needs. You can do this by using the
brightness controls.
Pressing either of the brightness control buttons will
display the brightness control.
GSM-R GB
Brightness
Press
to increase the brightness.
Press
to reduce the brightness.
<
>
Each press of the button changes the brightness by one level. When you are happy with
the setting do not touch any of the buttons for two seconds or longer and the control will
disappear from the display.
You can reset the default settings (volume, brightness, language and so on) using the
menu button.
,
6.2
,
Cab radio registration
Before a train can enter service, you must register the cab radio with the GSM-R network.
This means that all calls and operational text messages sent from the cab radio are routed
correctly and identified by the TRN. Only the driver needs to register, other users do not.

Locations where cab radios must be registered or pre-registered are published in the
Sectional Appendix and/or Periodical Operating Notice (PON).
Once registered the cab radio is secure and can be used for passing operational
instructions.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)

If it is not possible to register the cab radio then you may need to revert to an
alternative secure method of communication for the passing or receiving of
operational instructions, as shown in the rule book.

If it is not possible to register the cab radio then there is a risk of voice calls and
operational text messages being routed to the wrong signaller. Always check the cab
radio display to be sure you are connected to the correct signaller and confirm the
identity of the person you are speaking to once communication is established.
To register the cab radio, you will need two pieces of information that make up the
registration code. These are:

a four-digit train reporting number (headcode) and

the identity of the signal at which the train is standing (the location code).

Note at some locations an alias plate will provide the required location code (see 4.3)
or wildcard location code (99x).
Once you have this information, you can register the cab radio.
6.2.1
Train reporting number (Headcode)
The TRN, is provided by your company, normally printed on your ‘driver’s diagram’ (or
equivalent).
6.2.2
Location Code
Because TRNs are not unique nationally, and the GSM-R network is a national
communications system, it is necessary for the network to be able to differentiate between
trains during the registration process, so as to prevent registration failures due to duplicate
TRNs. This is achieved by entering information relating to the location from which you are
attempting to register, thus making the registration code an almost unique 7-digit number.
Before trying to register a cab radio, you will need the last three digits of the signal at
which your train is standing (the train must be stationary for this to work). If the signal has
fewer than three digits, you will need to add a zero at the beginning.
In certain places alias plates will be installed for registration
purposes (see Figure 6).
There will also be instances where you will have to enter a wild card number for the
location code of the format 99X, where ‘X’ depends on where you are or the route you will
be taking after registering. This is covered in more detail in section 6.2.4.

Before you can successfully register using a normal location code in a signal assisted
call routing area, the TRN must have been entered into the relevant signal berth on
the train describer and the train must be standing in that signal berth when you
register the cab radio. If this is not the case then a ‘Registration failed’ message will
be returned.
Where two or more trains are sharing a platform or siding the driver of the second train to
depart must not register the cab radio using the signal number until the first train has
departed and the signal has returned to danger.
RSSB
Page 33 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)

In signal assisted call routing areas there is normally only one train describer berth
associated with each signal section and it will always contain the TRN of the first train
scheduled to depart. Therefore if you are the driver of the second train and you
attempt to register the cab radio before the first train has departed, you will block the
first train’s registration.
In signal assisted call routing areas you must only register the radio at a main aspect
signal and not at a position light signal unless the sectional appendix says that you can or
an alias plate is provided.
6.2.3
Registering with the driver’s key on
The simplest way to register is by pressing
inserted.

on the cab radio, while your driver’s key is
You must not register a train whilst it is moving, as registration is likely to fail. This
can only be achieved by the pre-registration process as shown in 6.2.4.
Press
.
You will be asked for the
registration code which is the
TRN followed by the
location code.
GSM-R GB
Registration code
_
GSM-R GB
Registration code
Enter the information using the keypad.
Press
to send the registration code to the
GSM-R network.
1A45 159
GSM-R GB
Registering
1A45 159 Lead Driver
Once the GSM-R network has received the
registration code, it will be displayed in the top
right-hand corner of the display and you will be
asked to wait for the train reporting number.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Wait/check head code
1A45 159
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
When you have successfully registered, you will
hear a tone and the train reporting number will be
displayed.
GSM-R GB
1A45
You must make sure that the train reporting number displayed is correct for the journey.
If you do not have the TRN, for example the train is not a pre-planned move; you can get
the number from the signaller.
If there is no network coverage at the time you need to register the cab radio and it is not a
planned pre-registration location, then the cab radio will save the registration code and
complete the registration process automatically when GSM-R GB coverage is regained.
This is known as ‘pending registration’ see section 9.3.6. In this case the special location
wild card code ‘99x’ will need to be used.
6.2.4
Pre-registering the cab radio
During the national rollout of GSM-R you may need to use NRN or CSR for the start of the
journey and transfer to GSM-R at a later stage (see section 4.2). You can make the
transfer to GSM-R on the move as long as you have stored the appropriate registration
code in the cab radio when not moving. This process is known as ‘pre-registration’.
You can only pre-register the cab radio using the menu.
When pre-registering the cab radio you must use the special ‘‘wild card’ location code
which begins 99X (’X’ depends on the area that you are in at the time). The Sectional
Appendix will identify the value of X, which will be a number between 0 and 9.
You must only use the 99X location code when pre-registering or at times where there are
GSM-R network problems, which will be indicated to you by the signaller or by operating
notices.
To use the pre-registration function choose menu
option 4, 1, (pre-registration).
,
,
,
Enter the train reporting number (headcode) and
wild card using the cab radio’s keypad and
confirm the entry by pressing
. The cab radio
is now pre-registered. The normal registration
sequence will follow.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Pre-registration ID
_
GSM-R GB
Pre-registered
PR 1A45 990
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
While the cab radio is outside the GSM-R
coverage area, the display will show that it is
searching for the network.
Searching networks
Please wait
Pressing
at the point that you need to register
within the GSM-R coverage area will begin the
registration process. It will send the registration
identity to the GSM-R network.
GSM-R GB
PR 1A45 990
Pre-registered
Tick to register
PR 1A45 990
If the cab radio has been pre-registered but fails, for any reason, to register when you
press the tick key at the start of GSM-R section sign, or if the wrong TRN is displayed
when registered, you should attempt to register again when safe to do so. If the second
attempt also fails, you will need to contact the signaller at the first opportunity to report the
failure.
If the TRN displayed is a duplicate see section 9.3.5.
6.3
Deregistering the cab radio
At the end of each journey you must deregister the cab radio (or when reaching the end of
GSM-R coverage and the radio is not intended to be used later in the journey). It is
important that you deregister the cab radio (unless you are keeping the same TRN for the
journey, see section 6.4 – keeping registration). This will avoid duplicating registration
identities and make sure that the TRN is removed from the signaller’s fixed terminal.
When changing ends you must deregister the previous TRN and register the new one at
an appropriate time and place (within a GSM-R coverage area and with the train at a
stand).

Before you can successfully register using a normal location code in a signal assisted
call routing area, the TRN must have been entered into the relevant signal berth on
the train describer and the train must be standing in that signal berth when you
register the cab radio. If this is not the case then a ‘Registration failed’ message will
be returned.
You must deregister the cab radio where GSM-R coverage is available, as it relies on the
cab radio communicating with the GSM-R network. Until the GSM-R network is rolled out
fully, the end of a GSM-R coverage area will be shown by a lineside sign (see section 4.1).
You must deregister the cab radio upon reaching this sign unless your train is scheduled to
enter another GSM-R area further on in its’ journey.
6.3.1
RSSB
Deregister the cab radio (end of journey)
The simplest way to deregister the cab radio at the end of a journey, when you will not be
returning to the train, is by taking your key out.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Once you have removed the driving key, the cab
radio will offer you the option to keep the
registration (see section 6.4), for example, if you
change ends on a locomotive. If you do not take
any action, it will lead to automatic deregistration
after 10 seconds.
Or, press
to deregister the cab radio
immediately.
GSM-R GB
1A45
Deregistering...
Press tick to retain
GSM-R GB
Deregistering
1A45
Alternatively, you can use the “Reg/Dereg” button to deregister, followed by pressing the
key.
You should observe that the deregistration is successful.
Once deregistered and the driver’s key is off, the cab radio display will automatically switch
off.
6.3.2
Deregister the cab radio (start new journey)
Use this process to deregister the cab radio if you are required to change the TRN on
route, for example, a scheduled change from a class 5 train (ECS) to a class 1 or 2
(passenger train).
In this instance you must use
Press and release the
seconds.
Press
to confirm.
to deregister the cab radio.
button in less than two
GSM-R GB
1A45
Confirm deregister?
GSM-R GB
Deregistering
1A45
You will also need to use this method if you need to deregister the radio at the end of
GSM-R coverage and the driver’s key will not be removed, for example, when switching to
NRN or CSR radio.
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
6.4
Keeping registration
There might be times when you want to keep the registration, for example, when changing
ends on a locomotive or temporarily vacating the cab. Under these circumstances you will
still decommission the driving cab in the normal way by removing the driver’s key,
however, when prompted, you have 10 seconds to keep the registration by simply
pressing
. This will keep the cab radio registered for 30 minutes.
If the radio is not reactivated using the driver’s key within 30 minutes, the radio will
automatically deregister all previously registered functions.
6.5
One-touch communication buttons
There are three one-touch buttons that allow you to make calls by pressing a single button.
They are shown below.
6.5.1
Call signaller button
The call signaller button allows you to easily make a
point-to-point call to the signaller who controls the area.
However, you can only use this function in designated
areas (see section 4.4).
6.5.2
Urgent priority point-to-point call button
The urgent priority point-to-point call (yellow) button will
make a point-to-point call to the signaller who controls the
area. However, in certain areas not supported by signalling
system based call routing (see section 4.4), the call may be
routed to a Nominated Signaller, for example, the signaller
may not be the controlling signaller for the location
Because of the GSM-R network’s ability to tell the difference between types of calls, the
call will be presented to the signaller as an urgent call with a distinctive alarm. However,
there may be other calls of a higher priority ongoing or higher in the call queue; hence the
signaller may not answer immediately.
6.5.3
Railway-Emergency Group call button
The Railway-Emergency Group call (red) button allows you to
make an emergency group call that will be received by all cab
radios and people using fixed terminals within a certain area
(see section 7.3.6). Using this button will lead to all trains
stopping in the immediate area.
You must use the PTT with this type of call.
6.5.4
RSSB
Accidental use of the railway emergency group call button
In the event that you accidentally press the red Emergency call button, when the signaller
answers you must inform the signaller that the red button has been accidentally pressed to
avoid confusion and unnecessary train delays.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
6.6
Using phonebooks
6.6.1
Phonebook dialling
The design of the cab radio includes a Network Rail phonebook which can store up to
1200 phone numbers. The numbers are those of Network Rail signallers, operations
controllers and Electrical Control Operators. The actual numbers are not listed but instead
the names of the locations, for example, Yoker West. This gives access to every fixed
terminal GSM-R phone number in the country. A separate phonebook (maintained by the
train operator) will store specific operator contact numbers.
6.6.2
Using the Network Rail phonebook
You will be able to use the Network Rail phonebook by pressing
The entries in the phonebook are listed
alphabetically and you can search them using the
scroll buttons to move the cursor up and down
the list.
,
,
.
Stored Numbers
---
Abbey Foregate
Abercynon
Aberdeen
To speed the process up you can enter up to the first three letters of the identity that you
are looking for into a search field using the keypad, for example, to find the signaller for
Yoker East, press the ‘9’ button three times to display the letter ‘Y’ in the search field and
show the entries beginning with ‘Y’ on the display. If you enter any further letters (up to a
maximum of three), it will refine the search further. You can also use the scroll buttons to
make your choice.
Once you have found the fixed terminal user you
need, press
Stored Numbers
y --
Yoker East
to make the call.
Yoker Regulator
Yoker West
6.6.3
Using the train operator phonebook
You will be able to use this phonebook in exactly the same way as described above. To
access the operator phonebook press
.
 When searching the phonebook be aware that the search function does not sort the
list of entries alphabetically and you may need to manually search using the scroll keys.
6.7
Keypad dialling
You can also make calls from the cab radio by simply dialling the phone
number, using the keypad.
RSSB
Page 39 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Once you have pressed the first digit the ‘Connect
to?’ message is displayed. Enter all digits using the
keypad in this example the full 8-digit fixed terminal
phone number.
GSM-R GB
Connected to?
1A45
74100001
To make the call press
.
Once the call is connected, the name of the person
you are calling will replace the dialled number on
the display (if the number is found in the
phonebook).

GSM-R GB
Connected
1A45
Yoker East
Only GSM-R numbers can be dialled using the keypad. Other numbers, for example,
public network numbers, can only be called from the cab radio phonebooks.
The next example shows a call from the cab radio to the signaller by dialling the ‘12nn’
short code number.
Once you have pressed the first digit the “Connect
to?“ Message is displayed. Enter all digits using the
keypad.
GSM-R GB
Connect to?
1A45
1222
To make the call press
.
Once the call is connected, the name of the person
you are calling will replace the dialled number.
GSM-R GB
Connected
1A45
Yoker East
RSSB
Page 40 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
7
Using the cab radio to communicate
These procedures must be used alongside the rule book. You must always use GSM-R
as the normal radio system if it is available for use. That is, if a GSM-R cab radio has
been fitted and commissioned in the cab of the train, and the route for your journey is
covered by GSM-R as indicated in the sectional appendix and by line side signs.
7.1
Receiving a call
When you receive an incoming call, you should always follow the correct procedure and
only respond providing you can do so safely.
7.1.1
Receiving a point-to-point call
Under normal operating conditions it will be rare that you receive a point-to-point call. This
is because signallers will normally request you to call them by sending you a ‘Contact
Signaller’ operational text message (see section 7.2.1). However, if your train is stationary
then the signaller can make a point-to-point call.
When you receive a point-to-point call, the cab radio
will ring until the call is connected. The display will
show the caller’s identity.
GSM-R GB
Incoming call
1A45
Salisbury Panel 1
The cab radio will answer most calls automatically,
for example, calls from signallers, with speech at
first sent over the loudspeaker.
You must check that the person you are talking to
is the same as the one displayed.
GSM-R GB
Connected
1A45
Salisbury Panel 1

Non-operational calls will not be automatically answered and will require the driver to
either lift the handset or press the
button to answer the call.
You must respond to the incoming call only when it is safe to do so, by lifting the handset
from the cradle and speaking into the mouthpiece. You will now hear the signaller through
the handset. You will also still be able to hear the speech at a much lower level through
the loudspeaker when the handset is off its cradle.
Even though the call will be answered automatically after 2 ring cycles, you will have a few
seconds in which you can, if you want to, reject the incoming call.
To reject an incoming call, press
radio is ringing.
while the cab
Pressing
or replacing the handset whilst in a
point-to-point call will end the ongoing call.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Cancelled
1A45
Salisbury Panel 1
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
7.1.2
Receiving an urgent point-to-point call
There may be times when the signaller needs to communicate urgently with you, but the
circumstances do not warrant the use of a railway emergency group call.
The urgent point-to-point call allows the signaller to contact you quickly, as the priority of
the call will automatically end an ongoing call you may be in which has a lower priority,
such as a normal point-to-point call.
The cab radio will respond in the same way as with a normal point-to-point call (see
section 7.1.1) however, the urgency of the call will be displayed.
The cab radio will answer an incoming urgent
point-to-point call automatically after 2 ring
cycles.
GSM-R GB
1A45
Connected URGENT
Salisbury Panel 1
Urgent calls the signaller makes will be announced with the following message.
“This is an urgent call from the signaller at………….. to the driver of (train reporting
number)…”
When you receive an urgent point-to-point call, you must respond to it as quickly as
possible, as long as you can do so safely.
7.1.3
Receiving a railway emergency group call
You might receive a railway emergency group call (see section 2.3.4). If you are already
in a call when the cab radio receives the railway emergency call, your current call will be
terminated and you will join the emergency call. If this happens you should replace the
handset in the cradle and listen to the emergency communication (this action will not
terminate the railway emergency call as you will not be the initiator).

Remember a railway emergency group call must be treated as shown in the rule book
relating to phrases when using a radio in which only one person can be heard at a
time.
The railway emergency group call is split into three clear phases.
RSSB
Page 42 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Phase 1 - the warning
All cab radio users in the emergency group call area will hear an alarm and see a warning
on the display, even if the radio has not yet been registered.
When you receive a railway emergency group call,
the cab radio will let you know with an audible alarm
message “Emergency, Emergency, Emergency” and
the message ‘STOP EMERGENCY’.
GSM-R GB
Incoming call
1A45
STOP EMERGENCY
When you receive a railway emergency group call, you must stop your train immediately
and not move until authorised to do so by the signaller.

If your train enters the emergency group call area after the call was set up, you will
still receive the alarm and ‘STOP’ message. You must stop your train immediately.
However, you will join the call part-way through and so may miss the beginning of the
voice message.
Phase 2 – communicating
The end of the alarm shows that the railway emergency group call has begun and that all
users in the emergency group call area are connected.
You can see confirmation that the call is connected
and a reminder that the PTT must be used if you are
going to communicate with the signaller.
Once connected, you will hear speech through the
loudspeaker. Once you have brought your train to a
complete stand, you must acknowledge the railway
emergency call and cancel the flashing ‘STOP’
message by pressing the
GSM-R GB
Connected
1A45
PTT
STOP EMERGENCY
button.
The person who makes the call can now pass their message. All other users will be able
to hear the message, but must not interrupt. To keep control of the multi-party call, only
one mobile user can speak at a time. This is governed by the network and using the PTT
button.
If other users need to speak, they must wait for the first conversation to end and for the
signaller to invite any other parties to add any further information relevant to the
emergency.
You will see a reminder on the cab radio to prompt you to use the PTT if you need to
speak. When you press the PTT you will hear a short confirmation tone while the network
sets up the speech channel. Once the speech channel is available to you, at the end of
the short tone, you will see the message “Speak” and you can now pass your message to
the signaller.

RSSB
If another cab radio or handportable user has taken control of the voice connection to
the signaller, you will not be able to speak until the other user releases their PTT. In
Page 43 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
this case, at the end of the short confirmation tone you will hear a ‘busy’ tone and see
the message ‘busy’ on the cab radio display. Holding down the PTT until the other
user releases their PTT will not work. You have to release your PTT and press it
again when you see the “PTT” prompt.
Railway emergency group calls made by the signaller will be announced with the following
message:
“This is a railway emergency call. I repeat, this is a railway emergency call, from the
signaller at ………….to all trains in the …………. area.”
Unless absolutely necessary, you must only listen to the voice communication. If you try
to take part in the railway emergency group call it may prevent vital safety-related
information from being given (this is because using the PTT and getting a voice connection
will prevent anyone else speaking at that time).
So, if you receive a railway emergency group call, you must listen to the message, and
only take part in the call, if asked to do so by the signaller or if you need to provide vital
information about the emergency.
Phase 3 - ending of the call
The signaller with ‘Lead Responsibility’ will end the railway emergency group call, but only
when they are sure that the situation is under control. Once the emergency
communication has been completed, the signaller will signal the end of the call by stating:
“…end of railway emergency group call.”
If you received the railway emergency group
call, you must not move your train until the
railway emergency group call has ended, you
are sure your train is not affected by the
emergency and you have not been instructed to
remain at a stand.
7.1.3.1
GSM-R GB
Terminating
1A45
STOP EMERGENCY
Unexpected termination of the railway emergency group call
For example if you leave the railway emergency group call area before your train has been
brought to a stand, the network will end the call to your cab radio. However, you must
continue to bring your train to a stand and contact the signaller using a point to point call
and await further instructions.
7.1.3.2
Entering an area once the REC has commenced
If you have stopped your train upon entering the railway emergency group call area after a
call was set up, and you missed the beginning of the message, attempt to gain as much
information as possible by listening to the call. You must not move until the railway
emergency group call has been terminated, you have received no specific instructions not
to move and you are sure your train is not affected by the emergency.
7.1.3.3
RSSB
If you do not understand the message or the message seems incomplete
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Wait until the railway emergency group call has ended and contact the signaller using a
point to point call. Do Not move your train until you have received enough information to
determine that your train is not affected by the emergency.
7.1.3.4
Instructed to remain at a stand by the signaller
In the event that a signaller has instructed you to remain at a stand; once the Railway
Emergency Group Call is terminated you should remain at a stand until contacted directly
by the signaller and authorised to move.
Note: Drivers must not contact the signaller with a request to restart and must take into
consideration that the signaller requires time to protect an area and manage the
emergency.
7.1.3.5
Receiving another railway emergency group call
If another GSM-R user makes a railway emergency group call in that affects your area,
this will be identified as another incoming call.
The new call will be shown on the bottom line of the cab radio display and the last line will
alternate between “Incoming” and “STOP EMERGENCY”.
GSM-R GB
Connected
1A26
PTT
GSM-R GB
Connected
STOP EMERGENCY
STOP EMERGENCY
Incoming
STOP EMERGENCY
1A26
PTT
You should continue to take part in the ongoing call unless the signaller tells you to do
otherwise.
7.1.4
Receiving a general broadcast call
Signallers and operations controllers will use a
broadcast call to give out general information that
might affect the running of trains, for example,
warnings of service disruption on a particular
section of line.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected
General Broadcast
The cab radio will show the same messages as
described in section 7.1.1. However, once the call is connected, the display will show the
type of call, that is, a General Broadcast call.
The signaller/operations controller will announce the General Broadcast with the following
standard introduction.
“This is a general broadcast from the signaller/operations controller at …………… to
all trains in the ………………. area.”
General Broadcast calls will end with the following voice message:
“…end of general broadcast.”
RSSB
Page 45 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
You must listen to the message being announced and, if necessary, pass on the
information to other onboard members of staff or passengers on the train.

A broadcast call is normally a pre-recorded announcement and might be joined (or
left) by the cab radio part-way through if the train enters/exits the group call area. As
a result, the start and end of the message will be as described above to allow you to
know whether the entire message has been received.
If only part of the broadcast call was received and you are unsure of its relevance to you,
then you can seek clarification from the signaller.
7.2
Receiving operational text messages
7.2.1
‘Contact signaller’ message
If the signaller needs to speak to you, and it is not
urgent, the signaller will ask you to call him/her
using the ‘Contact signaller’ operational text
message.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Contact signaller
Salisbury Panel 1
You will hear a short alert tone to let you know
about the contact signaller message. The
message will be shown on the display along with
who sent it.
When you receive the ‘contact signaller’ message, you must contact the signaller as soon
as possible as long as you can do this safely.
You can make a call to the signaller by simply pressing

7.2.2
. (See section 7.3.1).
If you respond by pressing the
button, there is no guarantee that the call will be
connected to the signaller who sent the ‘Contact signaller’ message as the train may
have moved out of that signaller’s area by the time you respond.
‘Contact Train Operator’ control message
Operational text messaging can also be used
by your Train Operating Company to contact
you. Response to this message is the same as
previously shown in 7.2.1.
GSM-R GB
Contact:
1A26
Britrail Control
.

7.3
Your company will advise you if this function is available to them.
Making calls
You should only make outgoing calls providing you can do so safely and you must always
follow the correct procedure.
7.3.1
RSSB
Point-to-Point call to signaller
You should use the point-to-point call when you need to contact the signaller to carry out
your normal duties. For instance, you may need to relay information about on train faults.
Page 46 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
The simplest way to make a point-to-point call is to
press the call signaller button
.
However, in some areas it cannot be guaranteed
that the call will be routed to the correct signaller.
In these areas, signal box phone number signs or
short code ‘12nn’ signs (see section 4.4) give you a
direct-dial number to the controlling signaller.
You can also look up the signaller in the menu
phonebook (see section 6.6.2)
GSM-R GB
Calling
The cab radio will sound a ringing tone and display
that a call is being made.
When the signaller answers the call, the display
changes to show the call is connected and who you
are connected to.
1A26
Signaller
GSM-R GB
Connected
1A26
Salisbury Panel 1
You must check that the person you are talking to is the same as the one displayed (see
section 2.8).
You can press the
button to cancel a call before it is answered. You can also press
, or replace the handset, to end a call when you have finished speaking.
7.3.2
Unable to connect a call
If the number called is busy, you will hear a busy
tone instead of the ringing tone and the message
displayed.
If the number called is not an available number,
then an ‘unobtainable’ tone will be played and
message is displayed.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Busy
1A26
Salisbury Panel 1
GSM-R GB
1A26
Unobtainable number
Page 47 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
If the call failed to connect then a ‘failed to connect’
tone (same as unobtainable tone), will be played
and message displayed.
7.3.3
GSM-R GB
1A26
Failed to connect
Calling a signal box that has closed
If a signal box closes on a line still open to traffic, the signaller in another signal box will
normally take over the communication role of that box. In these circumstances you must
communicate with the adjacent signaller.
 If you call a signal box that is closed, the call may be automatically routed to the
adjacent signaller (information concerning these locations will be published in the
Sectional Appendix), if this happens, once the call has connected the identity of the
signal box that answers the call will be displayed on the cab radio.
7.3.4
Calling a signal box or panel where the role is being managed by another signaller
There are times when the role of a GSM-R fixed terminal in a particular signal box or panel
might be taken over by another signaller such as where the fixed terminal has failed, for
instance. In these instances the signaller will identify himself in his normal role but explain
why he is answering the call.
7.3.5
Urgent point-to-point call
The urgent point-to-point call allows you to contact the signaller with a higher priority than
you would need for a normal point-to-point call for situations where you need to contact the
signaller urgently. However, the matter is not serious enough to stop other trains in the
area.
To make an urgent point-to-point call, you must
press the ‘urgent call’ (yellow) button.
The cab radio will display similar messages to
those described in section 7.3.1, except that the
GSM-R GB
Calling Urgent
display shows an urgent call and the
flashes.
Signaller
button
1A26
 The signaller will receive a distinctive alarm to draw his attention to the urgency.
RSSB
Page 48 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
When the signaller answers the call, the display will
change to show the call is connected.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected Urgent
Salisbury Panel 1
If the number you are calling is busy, or the call fails for any reason you will hear an
appropriate tone instead of the ringing tone and the display will show the same messages
as those for the point-to-point call (section 7.3.1).
7.3.6
Railway emergency group call
In a critical situation, for example if you see an incident that causes the line to become
unsafe, you must make a railway emergency call to stop trains and contact the signaller
immediately.
The railway emergency group call is made by pressing the emergency button. Anyone
using GSM-R in the emergency group call area will receive the group call (see section
7.1.3).
You must STOP your train when making an emergency call to ensure you remain in the
group call area and are able to complete passing your message. If you continue, you may
exit the group call area and you will drop out of the call.

Remember a railway emergency group call must be treated as shown in the rule book
relating to phrases when using a radio in which only one person can be heard at a
time.

The railway emergency group call area will always include at least one signaller and
an operations controller. The signaller who controls the area concerned (Lead
Signaller) will normally be responsible for responding to the call. However, if for any
reason the correct signaller is unable to respond, then the responsibility for
responding to the railway emergency group call passes to one of the other fixed
terminal users, for example, the operations controller.
The effect of a railway emergency group call will be widespread. This is because
emergency group call areas cover large areas, for example, the smallest emergency group
call area will be that covered by three base stations, about 18 kilometres (approximately
11 miles).
To make a railway emergency group call, you must
press the railway-emergency group call (red) button.
 Once you have pressed the red button you will not be able to cancel the call being set
up.
RSSB
Page 49 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
The cab radio shows that the railway emergency
group voice call has been made and the red button
‘flashes’.
GSM-R GB
Calling
Once the call is made, you will hear an
emergency annunciated warning tone from the
loudspeaker for five seconds (“Connecting
emergency group”, when connected use press to
talk). You should not start to communicate until
the warning tone ends and you see the message
PTT.
GSM-R GB
Connected
1A26
Emergency Group
1A26
PTT
Emergency Group
Once the call is connected, you must follow the emergency call procedure.
Press the PTT (when you see the prompt) and
after the short confirmation tone of approximately
one second, the cab radio will display “Speak”.
You can then pass your message.
GSM-R GB
Connected
1A26
Speak
Emergency Group
You must release the PTT after passing your message in order to hear the signaller or allow
another mobile user or signaller to speak – remember; PRESS TO TALK, RELEASE TO
LISTEN.
Only the person making the call, or the signaller, should speak during the call. If you
receive a railway emergency group call that has been made by another driver, you should
only speak if asked to do so by the signaller or if you have something important to add
about the emergency.

If for some reason, another cab radio or handportable user has taken control of the
voice connection to the signaller, you will not be able to speak until the other user
releases their PTT. In this case, at the end of the short confirmation tone you will
hear a ‘busy’ tone and see the message “busy” on the cab radio display. Holding
down the PTT until the other user releases their PTT will not work. You have to
release your PTT and press it again when you see the “PTT” prompt.
Only the person who made the call, or a signaller, can end the railway emergency group
call once it has been initiated. However, once underway the emergency situation must be
managed by the signaller and so should be terminated by the signaller.

RSSB
Returning the handset to the cradle will not end an emergency call, it will switch the
speech from the handset to the loudspeaker.
Page 50 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
If the call cannot be made the cab radio will try again
for up to 30 seconds.
GSM-R GB
Retrying
1A26
Emergency Group
If the call is not connected after 30 seconds the
display shows the following:
GSM-R GB
1A26
Failed to connect
Emergency Group
If the railway emergency group call fails to connect you must use an alternative method of
communication to contact the signaller.
7.3.7
Accidental use of the railway emergency group call
Instances occur from time to time where the (red) emergency group call button on a cab
radio has been accidentally pressed and the initiator has failed to respond when the
signaller answers. This may leave the signaller in a difficult position and unsure whether
the call is a legitimate emergency and may have to instigate time consuming procedures to
ascertain the reason for the call.
In the event of accidental use:
You must use the normal call process described above in section 7.3.4 and inform the
signaller the button has been accidentally pressed. This will be greatly appreciated by the
signaller.
Treat the red button as live at all times, and take care when in and about the driving cab.
7.3.8
Emergency (999/112) call
You should only make a 999 (or 112) emergency call as a last resort, if all other forms of
emergency call to the signaller have failed. In an emergency you must first try to contact
the signaller.
Use the keypad to dial ‘999’ (or ‘112’) as described in section 6.7. This type of call will be
connected to the railway emergency operator.
7.3.9
RSSB
Electrical Control Operator (ECO)
You can use the cab radio to call the ECO directly. There are four ways in which to make
the call:

by using the appropriate entry in the Network Rail phonebook (see section 6.6.2). or

by dialling the short code: 1400. or

select from the menu. or

by dialling the full 8-digit fixed terminal number published in the Sectional Appendix.
Page 51 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
However, in most circumstances your initial point of contact will be the signaller
responsible for controlling the area where you are, so where necessary, you must arrange
for the signaller to speak to the ECO on your behalf.

7.3.10
The ECO may be listed twice in the phonebook, firstly under the name of the control
room, for example Cathcart ECO, and secondly under ‘ECR’.
Operations Controller
You can use the cab radio to call the Operations Controller directly. There are 4 ways in
which to make the call:

by using the appropriate entry in the Network Rail phonebook (see section 6.6.2). or

by dialling the short code: 1300. or

select from the menu. or

by dialling the full 8-digit fixed terminal number published in the Sectional Appendix.
However, in most circumstances your initial point of contact will be the signaller
responsible for controlling the area where you are, so where necessary, you must arrange
for the signaller to speak to the Operations Controller on your behalf.

7.3.11
The Operations Controller may be listed twice in the Phonebook, firstly under the
name of the control office, for example, ‘Scotland Operations Control’, and secondly
under ‘Operations Control’, for example, ‘Operations Control Scotland’.
Driver to driver communication
You can only use driver to driver communication with the cab radio as shown in each
operating company’s policy or operating instructions. You must strictly follow those
instructions.
The following are examples of where you may be authorised to use the driver to driver
communication function:
7.3.11.1

Locomotives coupled in tandem (each traction unit being separately controlled by its
own driver, with through control of the automatic brake only).

Working trains with locomotives at both ends (rear locomotive not applying traction
power or braking except in an emergency).

Assistance in the rear to failed locomotive-hauled or multiple unit trains.

Locomotive assisting in the rear of a train (where banking authorised in the Sectional
Appendix).

Driving a traction unit from other than the leading driving cab (for example if the
controls in the leading cab are defective).
Setting up driver to driver communication
Two options are available in setting up driver to driver communication:
Option 1 - uses the “Train Crew” call function in the menu.
RSSB
Page 52 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Option 2 – uses the “Multiparty call” function in the menu.
The following text shows you how to set up driver to driver communication using both
options.
Note: Driver to Driver communications is the only procedure which requires an eight digit
registration code
You and the other driver involved will need the following information:

Five digit code for the combined train formation.
 This can either be obtained by selecting “Show
Registered” in the Reg/Dereg menu or by contacting
the signaller responsible for controlling the area.

Location code, this must be a 99X code.
1 Pre-register
2 Register
3 Deregister
4 Show Registered..
Before registering the cab radios, you must come to
a clear understanding with the other driver as to who will be in charge of communicating
with the signaller as the train goes forward (GSM-R ‘Lead Driver’).
Option 1 - Using the Train Crew Call function.
Before registering, the driver who has lead responsibility with the signaller must deregister
any existing registration code and then register in the normal way using the agreed five
digit registration and the location code.
The other driver (GSM-R ‘Driver 2’) can then register either with a driver’s key on or not
depending on circumstances; you must register via the menu:
,
,
,
or by choosing the menu items you need using the scroll buttons.
Enter the same registration identity as the Lead
Driver using the keypad.
Press
to confirm entry of the information.
Once the registration code has been accepted, you
will be prompted to choose the Driver 2 functional
role, from a numbered list.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Registration Code
_
Select func. ID
1 Lead Driver
2 Driver 2
3 Driver 3
--
Page 53 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Once you have chosen Driver 2 you must
GSM-R GB
Registering
press
to begin the registration process and
send the registration identity to the
GSM-R network.
12345159 Driver 2
Registration now follows the same process as described in section 6.2.3.
Both registered cab radios should then display the correct TRN (headcode).
Once registered, the signaller will be able to communicate with each of the registered
functional roles, for example; the signaller will be able to make a point-to-point call to the
Lead Driver or Driver 2. Any registered members of train crew will also be able to use the
GSM-R equipment to communicate, by making a point-to-point call to the necessary
functional role. For example, the lead driver will be able to call driver 2 or vice versa.
The Lead Driver and Driver 2 can call each other using the menu function, for example,
the Lead Driver could call Driver 2 (‘Calls’, ‘Other calls’, ‘Train crew’, ‘Driver 2’).
Train crew
,
,
,
,
.
Driver 2 will see the following display.
__
1 Lead Driver
2 Driver 2
3 Driver 3
GSM-R GB
Incoming call
1A26
Other drivers
GSM-R GB
If you attempt to call the other driver before the
driver has registered the cab radio you will get a
failure message as shown below.
1A26
Failed to connect
Give the other driver chance to register the cab radio before trying again.
Once the call is made, it is possible for the Lead Driver to put Driver 2 on hold (see section
7.4.1) and a call to the signaller (using the phonebook or key pad dialling but not ‘call
signaller’ button). Before putting another user on hold you must tell them that you are
about to put them on hold. When retrieving a call that you have put on hold you must
identify yourself again to the other user.
When one cab mobile puts another on hold the display will show ”Call held” for five
seconds. If it is retrieved by another radio then “Held call retrieved” is shown temporarily.
RSSB
Page 54 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Once the Lead Driver ends the call to the signaller, the cab radio will automatically retrieve
the held call (Driver 2) and the two drivers can then use the GSM-R system to
communicate.
RSSB

The cab radio allows the receiving party to replace the handset on its cradle and
operate in ‘hands-free mode’. So, if assistance to a failed train movement is
authorised, then, for example; the driver in control of power and brake at the rear can
receive instructions over the loudspeaker from the driver controlling the train
movement at the front. However, the behaviour is different for the call initiator as
replacing the handset onto the cradle will terminate the call.

If the GSM-R system is being used to control the movement of a train and during the
movement communication is lost or interrupted, for any reason, then the driver in
control of the train brake must immediately stop the movement and not restart until
communication has been re-established and it is safe to do so.
Page 55 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Option 2 – Using the Multiparty Call function
Driver 1. The driver who has lead responsibility for communicating with the signaller must
obtain the 99x wildcard location code and the five digit journey code from the signaller.
This driver can then register through the menu using the agreed five digit registration and
the three digit wildcard location code.
Use
,
,
,
or by choosing the menu items you need using the scroll buttons.
This registration must be done through the menu;
any other method will request the alpha-numeric
head code to be input.
After entering the 8-digit registration code, you will
now have a choice to select Lead Driver.
Select:
1 Lead Driver
2 Driver 2
3 Driver 3
--
Driver 2. The other driver (GSM-R ‘Driver 2’) can then register either with a driver’s key on
or not depending on circumstances.

This registration must be done through the menu, any other method will request the
alpha-numeric head code to be input.
Use
,
,
,
or by choosing the menu items you need using the scroll buttons.
Enter the same registration identity as the Lead
Driver using the keypad.
Press
to confirm entry of the information.
Once the registration code has been accepted,
you will be prompted to choose the Driver 2
functional role, from a numbered list.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Registration code
_
Select:
1 Lead Driver
2 Driver 2
3 Driver 3
--
Page 56 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Once you have chosen Driver 2 you must press
to begin the registration process and send
the registration identity to the GSM-R network.
Select:
1 Lead Driver
2 Driver 2
3 Driver 3
--
1A51
GSM-R GB
When registered this display will show
Dv2
To connect the two radios together, the Lead
Driver makes a Multiparty call by selecting ‘Build
Multiparty’ from the ‘Calls’, ‘Other Calls’ menu.

Only the Lead Driver can initiate this call.
1 Build Multiparty
2 Train Crew
3 Group Call
4 Broadcast Call
The cab radio will then interrogate the system to find any other drivers registered to the
same 8-digit registration code and connect them to the Lead Driver’s cab radio. The
following screen shot diagrams show examples of a typical interrogation process as seen
by Driver 1 and an incoming call for Driver 2.
RSSB
Page 57 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Driver 1 Multiparty interrogation process
GSM-R GB
Interrogating
1A26
GSM-R GB
1A26
Calling
Other
driver found
+445555786544
GSM-R GB
1A26
Other driver found
Other
driver Dv2
found
TR00075866
GSM-R GB
Interrogating
1A26
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected
Other
found
Otherdriver
drivers
Driver 2 Receiving a call
GSM-R GB
_
GSM-R GB
1A26
Incoming call
Other driver found
Other drivers
1A26
Dv2
Dv2
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected
Other driver found
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected
Other
found
Otherdriver
drivers
Dv2
RSSB
Dv2

Either the Lead Driver or Driver 2 can return their handset to the cradle and switch the
incoming speech to the cab loudspeaker, ie enter hands-free mode.

To end the call press
.
Page 58 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
7.4
Handling several calls (call holding, call waiting, call pre-emption)
You may put an existing call on hold to make another call or to answer another incoming
call.

7.4.1
You have the option to put a point-to-point call on hold to answer another incoming
call. However, an incoming call of a higher priority may be answered automatically,
which will end an ongoing call (pre-emption).
Putting a point-to-point call on hold
Before putting another user on hold you must tell them that you are about to put them on
hold.
To put a call on hold choose the function ‘Hold/Swap
call’ from the in call menu, press
1 Hold/Swap Call
2 Join Calls
3 Remove Party...
,
.
Once the call is on hold, the cab radio displays a
reminder message.
GSM-R GB
Holding call
1A26
GSM-R GB
1A26
Call held
7.4.2
RSSB
Another party putting you on hold

If you are put on hold by the signaller, the
only indication you will receive is the ‘on-hold’
tone.

If you are put on hold by another cab radio
user then you will not receive any permanent
indication. The display will show for five
seconds only.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected
Salisbury Panel 1
GSM-R GB
1A26
Call Held
Page 59 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
GSM-R GB
When you are retrieved by another party the
display will inform you the call is being retrieved.
The display will show for five seconds only.
RSSB
1A26
Held Call Retrieved
Page 60 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
7.4.3
Reconnecting a held call
When retrieving a call that you have put on hold you must identify yourself again to the
other user.
To retrieve a call that is on hold, choose ‘Retrieve Call’ from the main menu press
,
7.4.4
.
Swapping between an active call and a held call
When you have an active call and another call on hold, you can simply swap between the
two calls by choosing ‘Hold/Swap call’ from the in-call menu:
,
The cab radio will display information about the call which is currently active. Remember
to advise all parties of what you intend to do.
A held call will automatically be retrieved if the currently connected call is ended by either
person.
7.4.5
New incoming call
If you receive another call of a higher priority than
your ongoing call (for example, if you are in a call with
maintenance control when the signaller calls you with
an Urgent priority) the ongoing call will end in favour
of the incoming call of a higher priority. The new call
will be handled in the normal way.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Pre-empting Call
If your ongoing call is pre-empted you must listen to the information provided by the
signaller and act accordingly before attempting to re-establish your original call.
If you receive another call that is of an equal or lower priority, you will hear a ‘call waiting’
tone and the lower display alternating at one second intervals between “incoming” and (up
to a) 20 character caller identity. The call waiting tone is repeated at 4 second intervals.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected
WSSC Bridge Street
Incoming:
7.4.6
RSSB
GSM-R GB
1A26
Connected
WSSC Bridge Street
Britrail Control
Answering a waiting call
You can answer a waiting call in two ways, either by ending the ongoing call or placing the
ongoing call on hold (see section 7.4.1) and accepting the new call. Either way will lead to
the second call being automatically answered.
Page 61 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
7.5
Sending operational text messages
7.5.1
Standing at signal
You must normally use the standing at signal operational text message to remind the
signaller about the presence of your train when standing at a signal at danger.
The cab radio allows you to do this by simply pressing the

button.
You must only use this function at signals not displaying a fixed terminal 8-digit
number or 12nn short code number (see 4.4). In these areas you must contact the
signaller using a point-to-point call.
Pressing
signaller.
sends the message to the
GSM-R GB
Sending
1A26
Standing at signal
The cab radio will show “Sent” when the
message is delivered.
GSM-R GB
Sent
1A26
Standing at signal
The confirmation message will be displayed until you either press
incoming call or message.
or you receive an
When the signaller receives a ‘standing at signal’ message they have the following
options:
7.5.1.1
Wait message
When the signaller acknowledges that they have
received the ‘standing at signal’ message, they
may tell you to wait for a change of aspect by
sending the text message, ‘Wait’.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Wait
This ‘wait’ message shows that the signaller knows you are there and that you should wait
for a change of aspect or further instructions.
Press
RSSB
to clear the display of the ‘wait’ message.
Page 62 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
7.5.1.2
Signaller calls driver
The signaller could make a point-to-point voice
call to you, to pass specific information, for
example, authority to pass the signal at danger.
7.5.1.3
GSM-R GB
Incoming call
1A26
Salisbury panel 1
Signaller clears signal
The signaller could clear the signal. In this case you will not receive any further
communication.
Press
7.5.1.4
to clear the display of the ‘standing at signal’ message.
If the signaller does not respond
If you receive no response from the signaller, and the signaller has not cleared the signal
within a reasonable period, you must make a voice call to the signaller.
7.5.2
DSD alarm message
If you release the DSD with the master switch in Forward or Reverse, after 1 minute the
radio will send a DSD Alarm message to the signaller to let him/her know that you may
need assistance.

If at any time you are required to vacate the cab to perform other duties, ensure the
master switch is not left in the Forward or Reverse position to avoid sending spurious
DSD alarms to the signaller.
30 seconds after the DSD has been released, the
radio will prepare to send the DSD alarm.
GSM-R GB
1A26
Preparing DSD Alarm
The cab radio will sound a continuous audible
alarm and display a message to this effect for a
further 30 seconds.
Press X to cancel
The DSD Alarm message will be sent to the
signaller at the end of this period unless the DSD
is reset or you press the cancel button
cab radio.
on the
The cab radio confirms that the message has
been sent to the signaller.
GSM-R GB
Sending
1A26
DSD Alarm
GSM-R GB
Sent
1A26
DSD Alarm
RSSB
Page 63 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)

The total duration between releasing the DSD and the alarm being sent is 1 minute;
this is the same as existing CSR radios.
If transmission of the DSD alarm message
fails, the cab radio will try again up to two times
after which time an appropriate failure
message will be displayed.
GSM-R GB
Failed
1A26
DSD Alarm
After receiving the DSD alarm message the signaller is likely to respond by making an
urgent point-to-point call to your train. If this gets no response, the signaller will make a
PA announcement to your train (where the PA is connected to the cab radio).
The PA announcement allows the signaller to pass information to those travelling on a
specific train and to seek assistance for you if he or she believes you may be
incapacitated.
When the cab radio receives an incoming PA
call, the display will be similar to that described
in section 7.1.1. However, once the call is
connected, the display will show that the call is
connected to the PA.
GSM-R GB
Connected to PA
1A26
Salisbury Panel 1
DSD sent
The signaller will make the following announcement.
“Ladies and gentlemen, due to operating difficulties there is likely to a short delay to
your service. In order to assist the driver, will any railway staff travelling on the
train please make themselves known to the train driver. Further information will be
given shortly.”
If you can respond you must wait until the announcement has finished and the call to the
PA terminated. If you need to speak to the signaller about the announcement, you must
make a separate point-to-point call to the signaller.
RSSB
Page 64 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
8
Shunting mode
8.1
Introduction
Shunting mode is a particular mode of operation where the GSM-R cab radio
communicates direct with other GSM-R radios operating in shunting mode by using special
group calls. There are no applications of Shunting Mode available in the UK at this time;
hence this mode is not yet covered by these User Procedures.
RSSB
Page 65 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
9
Trouble-shooting guide
This section describes the action that you can take to identify and overcome possible
problems associated with the GSM-R cab radio.
9.1
Losing the main power supply (back-up battery arrangements)
If the main power supply to the traction unit is interrupted, for any
reason, the cab radio can continue to operate from the vehicle
batteries.
Back-up switch
Once the vehicle batteries have run out, or if the batteries have
been isolated, continued operation of the cab radio depends on
whether the radio has a GSM-R back-up battery installed.
If a GSM-R back-up battery has been fitted, power will
automatically be provided for up to two hours. If the cab radio
was powered down and needs to be switched on without a
vehicle battery supply, you will need to operate the GSM-R
battery back-up switch and power up the cab radio as described
in section 6.1.2.
If the cab radio drivers control panel was powered on, then the cab radio will automatically
switch to the back-up battery.
When the radio is operating on the back-up battery
then this will be shown on the cab radio display by the
‘Batt’ indication. If the back-up battery is running low,
you will hear a single alert tone and the ‘Batt’ indication
will flash.

GSM-R GB
1A26
Batt
The ‘Batt’ indicator flashing tells you that you have approximately 10 minutes of
remaining.
If the back-up battery has become fully discharged through use, the next time the radio is
switched on (assuming the batteries are still discharged) a ‘Battery low’ indication will be
seen on the display.
GSM-R GB
This message will continue to be displayed until the
battery has charged to a serviceable level, and the
driver’s key has been removed and re-inserted or the
test button is pressed, for example, if the battery has
Battery low
charged up enough during a journey, when the key is
re-inserted or the test button is pressed, a battery presence test will occur and clear the
previous warning if sufficient voltage is detected.

RSSB
When the ‘Battery low’ indication is shown the cab radio is fully functional but the
presence of the indication should be reported if it does not clear before the end of the
journey.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
9.2
If the radio does not power up correctly
9.2.1
Power-up self-test failures
If the cab radio fails the power-up self-test, you will see a failure message. We split
failures into service affecting and non-service affecting.
9.2.2
Service-affecting failures
Service-affecting failures are shown as a ‘Radio failure’ followed by a number which
identifies the type of failure to the maintainer. This type of failure means the cab radio will
not work and needs maintenance attention. This type of failure should be reported to the
signaller.
Radio failure
Failure 01
9.2.3
Non-service-affecting faults
Non-service-affecting faults are identified by a ‘Warning’ followed by a number which
identifies the type of fault to the maintainer. This type of fault means that the cab radio will
work, but may be limited in what it can do. This type of fault should be reported to your
train operator’s control.
Warning
Warning 01
9.2.4
Start up failure of Drivers Control Panel (DCP)
When the drivers control panel first initialises, it
performs an internal self check. In the event of
failure the display will show either of these
failure messages.
Either of these messages cannot be cleared
and will stay as a permanent message on the
screen.
GSM-R GB
RAM Test failure
GSM-R GB
EPROM Test
If either of these messages are displayed they must be treated as a service affecting
failure as explained in section 9.2.2.
9.2.5
RSSB
Cancelling fault messages
If the failure message relates to a service affecting failure you cannot remove this from the
cab radio display and the radio should be treated as a failure. With certain failure types
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
the cab radio will attempt to reboot five minutes after displaying the failure. It is
permissible to manually re-boot the radio (when safe to do so), to attempt to clear the fault.
These types of faults must be reported.

If attempting a manual re-boot by tripping and re-setting the cab mobile circuit
breaker; if a battery back up is fitted, the drivers control panel must be switched off
first.
If the fault message relates to a non-service affecting fault, your train will be allowed to
enter or remain in service. However, you will need to acknowledge the fault message by
pressing
. A reminder of this fault will remain on the display until the radio is switched
off.
9.2.6
If the cab radio does not find the network
If the cab radio fails to find the GSM-R GB network in an area that normally has coverage,
you should first try to establish whether there is a network problem at your location (if you
have not already been informed by your control or in a broadcast from the signaller).
If you are able, try checking the rear cab mobile, if this also fails to find the network the
likelihood is a network failure.
In this circumstance you must contact the signaller controlling the movement of your train
and if there has been no report or confirmation of coverage problems at your location you
should treat the cab radio as defective and follow the process identified in your company’s
contingency plan.
9.2.7
The radio connects to the wrong network
If you are using the GSM-R cab radio in Great Britain, it should default to the ‘GSM-R GB’
network. However, in the unlikely event that it logs on to another network, you can choose
the GB network manually. You can select the GSM-R GB network using the menu:
‘Settings’, Select network’
,
9.2.8
and choose the GSM-R GB network from the list.
Cab radio displays foreign language
The radio will normally use English when powered up. If the previous user has changed
the language and the cab radio has been switched off but not powered down, it may
display a foreign language. In this case you can set the language to English again using
the menu short cut.
,
RSSB
,
,
,
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
9.3
9.3.1
Registration problems
Registration failure
If the message ‘registration failed’ is displayed
after trying to register the cab radio, you should
check the registration code was entered correctly
by attempting to register the cab radio for a
second time.
GSM-R GB
Registration failed
1A45 990 Lead Driver
If you are still unable to register the cab radio then you must contact the signaller.
The signaller may know about a particular problem that may be causing registration
failures. One problem that might cause your registration to fail is the failure of signalling
system-based call routing. In this case the signaller will give you a location code in the
form of a ‘99x’ wild card number. This will overcome this problem. In this case, you can
use your original TRN together with the 99x location code to register the radio
successfully.

9.3.2
Cab radio failed to de-register from previous journey
If the cab radio has failed to deregister from the previous journey then you will not be able
to register a new TRN. If the previous TRN or the registration code is shown in the train
number field, attempt to deregister this first. If this fails, or no number is present and the
correct registration fails twice, contact the signaller to report the problem.

9.3.3
The ‘wild card’ 99x number should only be used when prescribed in these user
procedures or by a signaller, as the use of this function removes safeguards against
registering with the wrong TRN.
The signaller may be able to identify a ‘stuck registration’ on his/her fixed terminal. It
may be possible to register to the exact same registration code (provided the train is
standing at the same signal as the previous train) and then deregister it. Otherwise,
the signaller will report this as a fault to be cleared by the network technicians.
PA registration failure
If during registration the cab radio displays
‘Deregistration failed, PA’, then the signaller will not
be able to initiate a call to the train’s PA system.

If
is pressed the display will show “No PA
Reg’d”.
1A51
GSM-R GB
Deregistration failed
1A45 990 PA
GSM-R GB
1A45 990 PA
No PA Reg’d
In these circumstances you must deregister and attempt to re-register the cab radio. If the
fault persists then you must report it to the signaller and await further instructions.
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)

9.3.4
The signaller may be able to clarify that the PA is shown on the fixed terminal and will
therefore be able to call the PA.
Wrong train reporting number displayed
If the train TRN displayed on the cab radio is not correct, deregister this number and try
registering again, with the same code. If this still returns an incorrect TRN, you must
deregister the TRN and contact the signaller controlling the movement of your train for
advice.
If the correct TRN is not shown, you must contact the signaller to check that your TRN is
shown on the signaller's fixed terminal. If the signaller confirms the correct TRN is
displayed, you may treat the radio as being correctly registered.
If the correct train TRN is not shown on the signaller's fixed terminal, you must treat the
registration as failed.
9.3.5
Duplicate registration identity
If the registration code is already in use by another cab radio, the network will reject your
registration and the message ‘duplicate’ will appear on the display. After checking that you
have entered the correct seven digits, you must contact the signaller controlling the
movement. The signaller will instruct you to use a 99x wild card location code which
should enable you to register successfully.
If your first attempt to register that led to a
‘duplicate’ used a ‘99x’ then advise the
signaller of this and the signaller will provide an
alternative ‘99x’ to use.

GSM-R GB
Registration failed
1A45 159 Duplicate
You can contact the signaller by calling them using the cab radio. However, because
the radio is not registered, you will need to find the number in the phonebook (see
section 6.6.2) or dial the signaller’s full number or the 12nn short code, if you have
access to it.
The registration code with the new 99x location code included can be entered whilst you
are still involved in the call with the signaller.
Press the
button again and enter the registration code by pressing the appropriate
number keys, the digits will appear on the display and the registration process will be
automatically completed, once the call to the signaller is terminated.
If registration is still not possible but the radio is otherwise functioning correctly you must
report the problem to the signaller and follow the instructions that the signaller gives you.
9.3.6
RSSB
Pending registration (trying to register if there is no coverage)
If you need to register the cab radio in a GSM-R area at a time when coverage is not
available due to network problems, you can set up the cab radio with the registration code
and it will automatically start the registration process once coverage is re-gained.
However, you will need to use the wild card 99X location code in order for the registration
process to be successful when you get network coverage again. Using the signal identity
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will lead to a registration failure when coverage is regained as the train may no longer be
at that signal.

Pending registration is not available when you register through the menu.
Press
on the cab radio.
Then press
to attempt to send the
registration code to the GSM-R network.
If GSM-R network coverage is not available, the
cab radio will automatically store the registration
code.
GSM-R GB
Searching networks
Please wait
Reg Code stored
1A45 990
After five seconds, the ‘Reg ID saved’ message is
cleared and replaced by a ‘Searching networks –
Please wait’ message. This message will
continue until GSM-R coverage is found, at which
point the cab radio will automatically complete the
registration process.
Searching networks
Please wait
1A45 990
You can cancel the pending registration state by pressing
at any time.
9.3.7
Loss of registration
If the cab radio’s registration is lost at any time, then you must re-register the cab radio at
the first suitable opportunity and report the event to the signaller.
9.3.8
Failure of the cab radio to de-register
If the cab radio fails to deregister, first of
all try again. If the cab radio again fails to
deregister contact the signaller (this might
not be possible using the cab radio) and
report the failure.
9.3.9
GSM-R GB
Deregister failed
1A45 159 Lead Driver
Failure of the Public Address to de-register
If the PA fails to deregister and this is not
observed by the driver when closing the
desk, then the next driver to put a driver’s key
on will see the following display.
GSM-R GB
1A45
PA Reg’d
The driver can attempt to deregister the ‘stuck PA’ registration using the
button. If this
fails, then the fault should be reported to the signaller as a registration failure.
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)

9.4
The radio will attempt to de-register the stuck registration when the drivers control
panel is re-activated.
Temporary loss of coverage
Although the GSM-R system provides full
coverage of the rail network, there may be times
when there is a temporary break in coverage, for
example a base station fault. There will be a
warning tone sounded through the loudspeaker
and a message ‘searching networks please wait’
on the display.
1A26
Searching networks
Please wait
If there is a break in coverage you should report it
to the signaller at the next appropriate opportunity
(in other words, when it is safe to do so), unless
you have previously been advised of the coverage
loss.
9.4.1
No Network message
This message only appears in version 2 software
when the radio attempts to connect to the network
and either:

Receives a corrupted or un-intelligible
message or

Receives no response at all.

Is denied access.
1A26
No network
If the train is in transit and it comes onto a cell which is allowed it will normally
automatically rejoin the last network it was on. If it is unable to establish the last network it
was on for some reason (eg corruption above) then the user may have to manually
reselect the network through the menu.
However, if the radio is on an "allowed" cell (display showing GSM-R GB) and then
reselects to an "unallowed" cell, it gets response from the network to say it [the radio] is
not allowed to connect to the network then in this scenario it will display "searching
networks please wait" (See section 9.4) until it reselects to an "allowed" cell where it will
show the network name again,
9.5
Loss of signalling-system based call routing
The cab radio will not be aware of network problems that affect signalling-system based
call routing. However, if the fault has been reported to the signaller you should receive a
broadcast call from the signaller alerting you to the fault when entering the failure area.
If you receive a broadcast (or other communication) informing you of such a failure you
should treat the area as a ‘dial-up’ area (as described in section 2.5) and only contact the
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
signaller by dialling the signaller’s number, 12nn number, phonebook, sectional appendix
or periodic operating notices (PON).
9.6

Under such circumstances calls will be routed to the nominated signaller who may not
be the controlling signaller and hence appear to be ‘misrouted’. Always check the
display to be sure which signaller has answered the call, and report any instances of
‘misrouted’ calls.

You will need to pre-register the cab radio using the special ‘‘wild card’ 99X location
code (as described in section 6.2.4).
Call failure and dropped calls
Any instances of call failures and dropped calls (calls terminated unexpectedly that are not
as a result of pre-emption) must be reported to the signaller at an appropriate time, when it
is safe to do so.
9.7
Checking if the radio can make and receive calls (echo call test)
If you believe that the cab radio may be having problems making and receiving calls, you
can check this by making an ‘echo call’ to the network. To make an echo call, dial ‘1900’
using the keypad. Record a short message then wait a few seconds and your recorded
message should be played back to you.

9.8
The Network Rail phonebook will also include an entry for the echo call test number,
that is, ‘echocall’ (see section 6.6.2).
Manually testing the cab radio (maintenance tests)
The cab radio has a number of built-in tests. These would normally be carried out by the
maintainer but may help you identify suspected problems. You can use the tests as
follows.
9.8.1
Using the test button
At any time while the cab radio is not being used, you can check
whether the cab radio is working, using the
Once you press the
button, a message will
be displayed confirming that the self-test has
started.
RSSB
button.
Testing
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
At the end of the self-test, you will see the
results.
Test complete
Test ok
The ‘Test OK’ message will automatically be deleted from the display after five seconds..If
the test fails, a message ‘Test failed’ will be shown together with a list of the failed test
details. These will be indicated as described in section 9.2.1.
If any of the tests are considered fatal (shown as “Failure”). The cab radio will become
inoperable until the problem is resolved by maintenance.
9.8.2
Tests available through the menu
Within the menu options are an additional layer of tests that can be accessed by all users,
but are more likely to be used by those responsible for maintenance.
To access the maintenance menu select
,
The following test options are available.
9.8.2.1
Option 1 - Fault-code help
Menu available with information for maintainers use only.
9.8.2.2
Option 2 - Handset test
The handset test allows you to check that the handset is working and that the PTT button
is working.
Once you have chosen the handset test, the
display will show that the test may begin and
you are asked to press the PTT.
The cab radio display will ask you to speak.
GSM-R GB
Handset test
Press
1A51
PTT
GSM-R GB
Handset test
1A51
Check speech
Press the PTT and speak into the handset microphone. Speech is relayed through the
handset earpiece and you can listen to check whether the handset is working. Once you
are satisfied that the handset test has been successful, press
RSSB
.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
9.8.2.3
Option 3 - loudspeaker test
The loudspeaker test allows you to test the cab radio’s loudspeaker.
Once you have chosen the loudspeaker test,
you will hear a tone through the loudspeaker.
You can cancel the test by pressing
tone ends.
9.8.2.4
GSM-R GB
1A51
Loudspeaker test
and the
Option 4 - Button tests
To select which button to test; two sub options are available:
a – Red button test (To allow you to test the railway emergency group call button
without actually making a call.)
b – Yellow button test (To allow you to test the urgent call button without actually
making a call.)
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
a)
Red Button Test
Once you have chosen the ‘red button test’, the
display changes to show that the test may begin
and you are asked to press the ‘Emergency’
button.

1A51
Red button test
Press red button
You have up to 30 seconds in which to press the button or the test will fail.
If the cab radio detects that the ‘railwayemergency group voice call’ button has been
pressed, the display will change to ask you to
release it. If not, a failure message will be
displayed.

GSM-R GB
GSM-R GB
1A51
Red button test
Release button
You have up to 30 seconds in which to release the button or the test will fail.
If the radio detects that the railway emergency
group call button has been successfully
released, it will produce a suitable message. If
not it will display a failure message
b)
GSM-R GB
Test OK
1A51
Yellow button test
The ‘yellow button test’ allows you to test the ‘urgent call’ button, without actually making a
call.
Once you have chosen the ‘yellow button test’,
the cab radio display will show that the test may
begin and you are asked to press the ‘urgent
priority’ call button.

1A51
Yellow button test
Press yellow button
You have up to 30 seconds in which to press the button or the test will fail.
If the cab radio detects that the ‘urgent priority’
call button has been pressed, the display will
ask you to release the button.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
GSM-R GB
1A51
Yellow button test
Release button
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)

You have up to 30 seconds in which to release the button or the test will fail.
If the cab radio detects that the ‘urgent priority’
call button has been released then ‘Test OK’
will be displayed. If not a failure message is
displayed.
RSSB
GSM-R GB
Test OK
1A51
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
9.8.2.5
Option 5 - Attached systems test
This test allows you to test the link to all attached systems, for example, an OTDR.
Once you have chosen the attached systems
test, the cab radio tests the connection with all
attached systems.
Other DCP
Testing link
If the test is successful, a ‘Link OK’ message is displayed for two seconds and then the
next system is tested.
If the test is not successful, the message ‘Test
failed’ is displayed followed by a list of the failed
tests.

RSSB
EVC
OTMR
GPS
Other DCP
:
:
:
:
Link
Link
Link
Link
OK
OK
Fail
OK
It is not unusual for no systems to be attached, in this case the cab radio display will
show “No systems attached”.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
9.8.2.6
Option 6- PA Tests
The PA speech test allows you to test the train’s PA system. Two sub menu options are
available:
a)
PA Tone Test
This test sets up a repeating tone to allow all PA speakers in the train to be tested by
walking through the train without the need for a second person. This test is used by
maintenance personnel.
b)
PA Speech Test
This test allows speech to test the PA as follows:
After selecting “PA Speech Test” in the sub menu,
you can now speak into the handset microphone
and should be heard clearly over the train’s PA
system. You will need a second person to walk
through the train to see that the system is working
correctly.
Connected to PA
Check PA Speech
Once you are satisfied that the PA test has been successful, you can stop the test by
pressing

9.8.2.7
.
If a PA system is not attached to the cab radio, for example, on trains not used in
Driver Only (DO) passenger service, you will hear a tone and see an error message
(No PA attached) displayed.
Option 7 Version Information
Used by maintainers. Provides a sub menu offering options to display various version
information about the radio.
9.8.2.8
Option 8 Fault Log
Used by maintainers. Displays a list of the last 50 fault events.
9.8.2.9
Background testing
As well as the tests above and the automatic self-test during radio power up, the cab radio
often checks itself. It will report any failures immediately on the active display.
If a fault relates to a service affecting failure (see
section 9.2.2) the display will show a ‘failure’
message, accompanied by a fault code.
RSSB
Radio failure
Radio failure 01
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)

You cannot delete these service affecting failure messages, as the cab radio can no
longer be used. You must report all service affecting failures to the signaller and act
on the instructions that you are given.

If the “Radio Failure 01” appears the radio will automatically re-boot after five minutes
to try and clear the fault. Alternatively you may re-boot the cab radio manually when
safe to do so, using the GSM-R MCB. (The drivers control panel must be switched off
if battery back up is fitted).
If the fault relates to a non-service affecting fault,
the cab radio will display a ‘Warning’ message,
accompanied by a fault code (see section 0).

Warning
Warning 01
You cannot delete non-service affecting warning messages from the display. You
must report all non-service affecting faults to your train operator control.
GSM-R GB
Pressing
clears the message and the warning
message is placed in the reminder field until the
radio is switched off.
9.9
Warning 01
Call divert accidentally left on
If a call divert has been set up and left activated, then the driver’s display will show this
when it is switched on. The screen will display “Calls divert to’ followed by the phone
number that the calls will be diverted to. You must cancel any call diverts before entering
service. This is done through the menu.
1 Calls...
To cancel the divert, select menu 3 ‘Settings’
2 Shunt Mode
3 Settings...
4 Reg/De-reg...
Select sub level menu item 4 ’Divert All Calls’.
+
1 Select Network
2 Change Language
3 Restore Defaults
4 Divert All Calls+
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
You will be presented with two options
“1 Deactivate”, press tick to select it and
deactivate the call divert.
1 De-activate
2 Change Number...
+
“2 Change number” press tick to allow a diverted
number to be changed when call divert is already
on.
1 De-activate
2 Change Number
+
This display appears for 5 seconds before clearing.
Msg De-activatedcf
Cancelling
Divert
+
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
9.10
Cab radio error messages
Whilst using the GSM-R cab radio you may encounter certain failure or error messages. Table 4 explains the meaning of these messages and,
identifies possible causes and potential solutions.
RSSB
Displayed message
Meaning
Possible causes
Solution
Battery low
The back-up battery is being
charged following discharge through
use.
The battery back-up was used and has
become discharged.
The back-up battery will charge when
power is again available, no action is
required by the driver. Press Text
button at the end of the journey to
check the battery is ok.
Busy
A dialled phone number is busy with
another call.
The phone number dialled is busy.
Try again later.
Or (if in a group call), it shows that
another person in a group call is
speaking.
The PTT button has been activated in a
group call when another driver is
speaking.
Keep trying (releasing and
reactivating the PTT) until you can
speak. Wait for the speaking driver to
finish by saying “Out”.
Divert not cancelled
An attempt to deactivate ‘Divert All
Calls has failed.
There are a number of possible causes
mainly relating to communication
between the cab radio and the GSM-R
network.
Try again.
DSD failed
An attempt to send a DSD alarm
message has failed.
The DSD message failed to reach the
person it was meant to.
Not necessary as the message is a
reminder.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Displayed message
Meaning
Possible causes
Solution
Cab Radio Fault
Communications between the
control panel and the GSM-R cab
mobile is broken.
This fault shows when power is being
supplied to the cab mobile and the
drivers control panel and the
communications link between the two
has been broken. Likely to be an
electrical fault.
Treat in accordance with the rules as
a defective radio.
Start up failure of drivers control
panel.
Same as above but tested on
initialization.
Treat in accordance with the rules as
a defective radio.
RAM Test Failure or
EPROM Test
Inform maintenance.
Inform maintenance.
Failed
An attempt to send the standing at
signal operational text message has
failed.
There are a number of possible causes
mainly relating to communication
between the cab radio and the GSM-R
network.
Try again, if the message fails for a
second time, then you must remind
the signaller of the presence of your
train using an alternative method, for
example a point-to-point call.
Failed to activate
An attempt to activate ‘Divert all
calls’ has failed.
A phone number that was not valid was
entered for the forwarded calls.
Do not use “Divert all calls”.
The network failed to set up the divert.
Failed to connect
RSSB
A call, from the cab radio, could not
be made.
There could be several reasons for this
however the cab radio cannot tell what
the problem is.
Clear the failure message and try
again.
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Displayed message
Meaning
Possible causes
Solution
Failed to terminate
You have failed to end an ongoing
call.
There could be several reasons for this
however the cab radio is not able to
distinguish between them.
Press the cancel (X) button once to
clear the failure message and again
to try to clear the call.
Not lead driver
(Multiparty calls)
A driver, other than the lead driver
on a train with more than one driver
registered has tried to make a
multiparty call to the other drivers,
which is not allowed.
As shown to the left.
Action not allowed. Only the lead
driver can set up a multiparty call.
No other drivers
A driver has tried to make a
multiparty call to other drivers on a
train where there are no other cab
radios registered.
Driver 2 has not yet registered.
Wait and retry when driver 2 has
registered.
No PA Attached
A user-initiated test (from the test
menu) has failed to find the PA
system.
There is no PA system attached.
Do not attempt to test the PA.
Radio failure:
During self-test or background
testing the cab radio has detected a
fatal failure.
A number of possible causes.
Attempt to re-boot the radio by
tripping and resetting the GSM-R
MCB.
Registration failed
The registration attempt has failed.
There are several reasons why
registration may have failed depending
on the circumstances.
See section 9.3.1 and following
examples below.
(Multiparty calls)
RSSB
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GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Displayed message
Meaning
Possible causes
Solution
Train reporting number mis-typed
Repeat registration process.
Wrong signal number used
Special ‘99x’ location code should have
been used.
Train is not occupying the track circuit
associated with the location code
entered
Move train up to signal (with
signaller’s permission); or
Register when standing at next
suitable signal with the new 3- digit
location code, or
Register using ‘99x’.
RSSB
Associated train description is not
contained in the signalling system.
Signaller or Automatic Route Setting
system yet to enter train description into
the system.
Repeat registration process closer to
departure time or check with signaller
whether/when description has/will be
entered.
GSM-R has not fully deregistered the
previous journey due to a system error
Repeat deregistration process. If
repeat attempts fail, contact the
signaller. If signaller sees ‘nD’
against previous head code. Driver
will not be able to register.
Page 85 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Displayed message
Meaning
Possible causes
Solution
Registration failed
Registration code is already in use
by another cab radio.
Wrong registration code entered.
Number genuinely already in use.
Check correct headcode and location
code has been used. Repeat
registration process using wild card
location code supplied by signaller.
System failed to register the PA.
GSM-R has not registered the PA due
to a system error.
Deregister and attempt to register
again. Report fault to signaller.
No PA Reg’d
System failed to register the PA.
GSM-R has not registered the PA due
to a system error.
No action required. This is a
reminder at the bottom of the display
having already attempted to
deregister and register again as
described in the previous section.
Deregistration failed
System failed to deregister from
previous journey.
GSM-R has not fully deregistered the
previous journey due to a system error.
Repeat deregistration process, and
report fault to signaller.
PA Reg’d
The PA registration has failed to
deregister.
GSM-R has not fully deregistered the
previous journey due to a system error.
Attempt to deregister the ‘stuck PA’
by repeating the deregistration
process. If this fails, the fault should
be reported to the signaller as a
deregistration failure.
Duplicate
Registration failed
xxxxxxxx PA
RSSB
Page 86 of 87
GSM-R user procedures (cab radio Version 2)
Displayed message
Meaning
Possible causes
Solution
SG fail
A reminder that an attempt to send a
Standing at signal message has
failed.
This message is displayed when the
earlier Failed message is removed from
the display by the cab radio responding
to another incoming message or call.
This happens before the user has
acknowledged the Failed message by
clearing the display.
This is only a reminder message.
Unobtainable number
Shows that the number called
cannot be reached.
The number dialled is not in use.
Dial again taking care to enter the
correct number.
No phonebook
The selected phonebook is not
loaded in the radio.
The phonebook is not correctly installed
in the cab radio.
You can use the cab radio but you
should report the fault to your
operations control.
Warning
During self-test the cab radio has
found a fault. The fault is not
service affecting and the cab radio
can still be used but might have to
be limited in what it can do.
An attached system may be at fault.
You can use the cab radio but you
should report the failure to your
operations control.
Table 4 – GSM-R cab radio error messages
RSSB
Page 87 of 87
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