E-TON | VIPER 50 ST - SERVICE | Owner`s manual | E-TON VIPER 50 ST - SERVICE Owner`s manual

E-TON
VIPER
OWNER’S MANUAL
Viper 50M, Viper 70, Viper 90
and Viper 90R
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Important Notices
READ and UNDERSTAND this owner’s manual
Both the operator and the adult supervisor should completely read and understand this
owner’s manual before operating this vehicle. This owner’s manual will instruct you in the safe
operation of the vehicle.
NO Passengers
This vehicle was designed for operation ONLY by the operator, (Driver). The load limit
and seat configuration is designed for the operator ONLY. It is not safe to carry passengers on
the vehicle.
ADULT Supervision and Instruction are REQUIRED.
This vehicle MUST NOT be operated by a youth without Adult supervision and
instructions. Unattended operation without adult supervision could result in injuries. E-TON
recommends that both the operator and the adult supervisor attend an ATV safety instruction
course.
ALWAYS Wear Protective Clothing
While operating this vehicle, the driver must always wear protective clothing. Protective
helmet with face shield, elbow and knee pads, long leg pants, gloves and hard soled boots
should always be worn when operating this vehicle.
OFF ROAD Use ONLY
This vehicle is designed and manufactured for off-road use only. Operation on public
streets, roads or highways is illegal and very dangerous.
OBEY all State and local laws and regulations
Each state and local governing agency has laws and regulations for ATV operations. It
is the owner’s responsibility to know, understand and obey these laws and regulations.
SPEED RESTRICTION Devices
This vehicle is equipped with electronic speed limiting devices. Any attempt to change,
over-ride or bypass these devices may cause dangerous operating conditions.
Age Recommendations by model size
ATV Model Size
ETON Models
Minimum Age
Weight Capacity
Under 70cc
RXL-40Ee
RXL-50M
RXL-70
6 years and older
70 Lbs
70 - 90cc
RXL-90
RXL-90R
12 years and older
250 Lbs
over 90cc
CXL-150
16 years and older
250 Lbs
150 cc
CXL-150
16 years and older
300 Lbs
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 1
Table of Contents
Safety notes
Vehicle identification number location
Controls, switches and feature locations
Control feature operations
Engine stop switch
Manual Choke Lever
Throttle lever
Front & Rear Brakes
Parking brake
Safety Tether Switch
Remote Stop / Start Switch
Fuel System
Fuel tank
Fuel valve
Inline Fuel Filter
Engine Oil
Oil Tank
Oil Indicator light
Tires & Wheels
Tire inspection
Tire pressure
Spark Plug
Spark Arrester Screen
Air Filter
Braking Systems
Front Brake Inspection
Front Brake Adjustment
Rear Brake Inspection
Filling the Brake Fluid Reservoir
Purging Brake Line
Drive Chain
Throttle Lever
Electrical Battery
C.V.T. Air Filter (Transmission)
Transmission Gear Selector Control
ATV Break-In Procedure
Changing Transmission Oil
Pre-Operation Inspection
Starting procedure
Driving
Turning
Parking
Specifications
Viper 50M
Viper 70
Viper 90 & 90R
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Record Chart
Wiring Diagram Viper 50M
Wiring Diagram Viper 70
Wiring Diagram Viper 90
Wiring Diagram Viper 90R
Manufacture’s Warranty
Owner’s Notes
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
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Safety Notes
1. Both the adult supervisor and youth operator must fully understand everything in this manual
before operating this vehicle.
2. This vehicle was designed for the operator only. NO PASSENGERS should be allowed on
this vehicle.
3. This vehicle is designed for operation on level, obstacle free off-road areas.
4. Riding this vehicle on public roads or highways is illegal. If it becomes necessary to cross a
public road or highway, the vehicle should be pushed across using extreme caution.
5. This vehicle MUST NOT be operated without adult supervision and instruction.
6. DO NOT operate this vehicle while under the influence of drugs, alcohol or other medication
that impairs judgment or coordination. Doing so can result in serious injury or even death.
7. Maintain a safe distance between your vehicle
and other vehicles with whom you are riding.
8. READ the owner’s manual carefully before
riding.
9. ALWAYS wear a helmet, face shield, elbow &
knee pads, hard-soled boots, gloves, and protective
clothing while operating this vehicle.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 3
10. NEVER ride this vehicle unless it has
been properly maintained and adjusted.
Always perform a pre-ride inspection of your
vehicle. Look for wires, bolts and other
fasteners that may have come loose on
previous rides. Inspect the drive chain,
throttle and brakes for proper adjustment and
operation. Check the engine oil level in the oil
tank. Check fuel level and inspect for fuel
leaks. (Remember, you can ride further in 1
hour than you can walk back in 1 day!)
11. WARM UP your body with some exercises
before riding. This helps to make you alert and
prevent cramping and other discomfort.
12. LEARN TO RIDE this vehicle properly and
safely. Have an experienced rider teach you the
safe operation of your vehicle. E-TON
recommends you take an ATV riding course
before you first ride your vehicle.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 4
13. NEVER REFUEL this vehicle when hot. Ask
your adult supervisor to refuel your vehicle.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and will ignite if
spilled on a hot engine or muffler. Never smoke
or expose the fuel to an open flame or spark
while refueling your vehicle. Always refuel your
vehicle in a safe place free of any ignition source.
14. NEVER run the vehicle in an enclosed area. The
exhaust gases from the engine contain CARBON
MONOXIDE which can be fatal if breathed in high
concentrations for an extended time.
15. HOT! The engine and exhaust system on
your vehicle become very hot during normal
operation. Touching these hot surfaces can
cause severe burns. Always assume that your
unit’s engine and exhaust system are HOT
unless you know that they are not.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 5
Additional safety tips:
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Participate in an approved ATV safety education training program
Always provide responsible adult supervision for ATV operators younger than 18 years of age
Don't let youngsters ride full-sized ATV's
Follow all safety recommendations of the ATV manufacturer
Operate ATVs only during daylight
Wear a helmet with face protection at all times
Operate only four-wheeled ATVs
Provide a drug and alcohol free environment
Always use the buddy system
Avoid riding in areas where contact with automobiles might be possible
Drive ATVs on surfaces as recommended by the manufacturer
Travel at speeds conducive to conditions and operator abilities
Check on the conditions of the trails you will be traveling
Know and understand local and state laws governing the use of ATVs
Permit only one operator per ATV
Insist on a "perfect fit" between the ATV and the physical, mental, and emotional maturity of the operator
Use antenna flags and wear bright clothing to increase conspicuity.
Use maps and compass if you are riding in an unfamiliar area.
Make a mental note of landmarks; you may need them if you are stranded.
If you are lost at night, do not move around. You will waste valuable fuel that you can use to ride safety in
the daylight.
Carry a first-aid pack with you.
Carry some snacks and a water supply with you.
Carry equipment to handle medical and mechanical emergencies.
Your vehicle field repair kit should include the following items;
o the manufacturer's tool kit
o wire, tape, elastic cords,
o possibly locking pliers
o and a tow rope.
Pre-Ride Inspection - Inspecting the condition of your ATV before each ride is very important to minimize
the chance of injury and maximize the enjoyment of your ride. It also helps ensures long term
performance of your ATV. Follow the owner’s manual guide to inspection and maintenance of your ATV.
A well maintained ATV will give you years of enjoyment.
Watch out for thin ice which may be camouflaged by snow.
Remember, you can ride further in one hour than you can walk in an entire day.
Age Recommendations by model size
ATV Model Size
ETON Models
Minimum Age
Weight Capacity
Under 70cc
RXL-40E
RXL-50M
RXL-70
6 years and older
70 Lbs
70 - 90cc
RXL-90
RXL-90R
12 years and older
250 Lbs
over 90cc
CXL-150
16 years and older
250 Lbs
150 cc
CXL-150
16 years and older
300 Lbs
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 6
Vehicle Identification Numbers
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
is located at the front of the unit under
the front fender on a plate mounted
between the main frame rails.
Engine serial number
is located on the left-hand side of the
engine on the crankcase housing.
Your VIN RFZ______________ Eng. No._______________
Controls, Switches & Feature Locations
Locations of controls and features
1. Fuel Tank filler and vent tube
2. Front brake lever (Parking Brake Lock)
3. Throttle lever
4. Rear brake lever
5. Engine stop switch
6. Head lamp switch
7. Horn button
8. Engine starter button
9. Manual Choke Lever
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 7
Control Features
Throttle lever
Engine Stop Switch
The
stop
switch is a red colored rocker switch located
on the left-hand handle bar.
To start and run the engine, this switch must
be placed in the on, “O”, position.
The throttle lever is located on the right-hand
handle bar below the grip. To operate the throttle
lever, place your right thumb on the lever and
press forward to increase your speed. To
decrease your speed, reduce your pressure on
the lever and the spring tension will
automatically reduce your speed.
The vehicle is also equipped with a safety
brake switch which will prevent the engine
from starting until the parking brake is
engaged.
To stop your engine, place the switch to the
stop, “X”, position.
In the stop, “X”, position the ignition system is
grounded preventing the spark plug from
firing.
This switch can also be used as a safety or
emergency stop switch.
Manual choke lever (9)
All Viper models are equipped with a
manually operated carburetor choke system.
This choke is operated by the lever at the
bottom of the left hand control switch.
When first starting the engine,(cold start),
place the lever in the full left position, (Choke
closed or on) As the engine warms return the
lever to the full right position. (Choke open or
off).
The travel of the throttle lever is controlled by the
throttle stop bolt.
As your operator gains more experience, you
can increase the throttle travel to allow for
additional speed to be obtained.
To increase the throttle’s travel, thus increasing
the maximum speed, turn the throttle stop bolt
counter clockwise. To decrease the throttle’s
travel, thus decreasing the maximum speed, turn
the throttle stop bolt clockwise.
The throttle cable should be adjusted so there is
2mm, (1/8”) free travel at the lever before the
throttle starts to open.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 8
Front and Rear Brakes
This vehicle is equipped with dual front
mechanical drum brakes and a rear hydraulic
disc brake. (Viper 70 Viper 90 & Viper 90R)
(Viper 50M is equipped with rear hydraulic
disc brake only)
If your engine fails to start, ensure that the
engine stop switch is in the on, “O”, position and
that the parking brake is engaged.
Safety Tether Switch
The front brakes are controlled by the long
brake lever on the right-handle bar.
The rear brake is controlled by the long lever
on the left-handle bar.
The rear brake is the primary stopping brake
on your vehicle. Using the rear brake to stop
your vehicle will prevent steering control loss.
Use your front and rear brakes in combination
to control your speed while descending a
grade. Use caution not to apply too much
pressure to your front brakes so that the
wheels lock up, stop turning, and causing a
loss of steering control. If the front wheels
lock up, and stop turning, lightly reduce the
pressure on the front brake lever until they
unlock and start to turn.
Parking Brake
The front brake lever has a button located at
the pivot point to lock the brake in the, “O”, on
position. This should be engaged as a parking
brake whenever the vehicle is not in operation.
This feature must be engaged in order to start
the engine. The brake lever has a safety
switch built in to prevent the engine from
starting while the brake is disengaged.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
The Viper 50M and Viper 70 models are
equipped with a safety tether switch (optional on
Viper 90R). The switch is located on the left
hand side of the handlebars. The switch cap
must be fully engaged for the vehicle to start and
run.
The cap is tied to a tether that should be worn
around the rider wrist. In case of an emergency
a simple pull on the tether will disengage the
switch and stop the engine.
Remote Stop/Start Switch
The Viper 50M come equipped with a remote
Stop/Start key ring switch. (This feature is an
optional kit for the Viper 70 & Viper 90. A remote
Stop Only kit is optional for the Viper 90R).
The remote switch has two buttons, a Stop
button which will stop the engine when pressed.
The effective range of the switch is 30 feet
unobstructed.
Page 9
Once the unit has been stopped with the
remote switch you must press the run button
in order for the unit to be restarted. This
action resets the remote receiver on the unit.
The unit may also be started remotely by
pressing both the Stop & Run buttons
together.
Safety Note: Always test the remote
switch before beginning a riding session. The
remote switch is operated by a battery which
should be replace one a year. You can obtain
a replacement battery at your local
department store.
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank fill cap is located on top of the
Replace the cap if damaged or if it will not seal
to the tank.
Tighten the cap snugly, being careful not to over
tighten. Over tightening the cap can cause
damage to the cap or seal.
The fuel tank capacity is 4.5 liters, 1.2 gal,
including a reserve of 0.8 liters, 0.2 gal.
Use unleaded automobile gasoline with an
octane level of 91 or higher.
NEVER REFUEL YOUR ATV when the
engine is HOT. Wait 30 minutes after turning
off the unit before refueling. Spilling fuel on a
HOT engine could cause a fire. Wipe up any fuel
spills before re-starting.
Fuel Valve
The unit is equipped with a three way fuel valve
located on the left side of the unit just below the
unit just ahead of the seat. The cap contains
a vent to prevent a vacuum from forming in
the tank as fuel is used. The vent tube must
be attached to the cap and inserted in the
vent tube holder hole while operating the unit.
The fuel cap vent and vent tube must be
clean and clear of obstructions for the unit to
operate normally. You can check the vent and
vent tube by blowing air through the tube. If
you can not blow through the vent tube and
cap you must clean the vent and tube or
replace them.
Every time you refuel your unit, check the
rubber seal inside the cap for cuts, tears and
dirt. Clean or replace the seal if it becomes
worn or torn. The seal must be in good
condition to insure a proper seal of the cap to
the tank to prevent fuel spills. DO NOT allow
dirt or other debris to enter the tank when
refueling.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
seat.
The valve has three settings; “OFF”, “ON” and
“RES”. With the valve in the “OFF” position fuel
is held in the tank and is prevented from flowing
to the carburetor. The valve should be placed in
the “OFF” position whenever the unit is not being
operated. Place the valve in the “ON” position for
normal operation of the unit. This allows fuel to
flow to the carburetor for normal operating. The
“RES” position allows fuel to flow from the small
reserve in the tank to allow the unit to be taken
to a refueling location.
Page 10
When you have to switch to the “RES”
position you must refuel the unit as soon as
possible.
ALWAYS CHECK YOUR Fuel level before
you start riding your ATV.
Remember: You can drive further in one hour
on your ATV than you can walk in one day.
DO NOT start or operate the engine if the fuel
filter or lines are leaking. Leaking fuel can cause
a fire.
Engine Oil Tank
2 Cycle Engine
Inline Fuel Filter
Your ATV is equipped with an inline fuel filter
to prevent dirt and debris from entering the
carburetor and engine.
Your ATV uses 2 cycle oil to lubricate the engine.
The oil tank is located under the seat at the front
of the unit. Oil is drawn from this tank by an oil
injector pump when the engine is operating.
Check the filter for dirt or damage before each
ride and at each refueling. Replace the filter if
dirty or damaged.
Oil Level Warning Light
The filter should be replaced every 600 hours
of operation and at the start of each season.
To replace the filter, first turn the fuel valve to
the “OFF” position. Then carefully compress
the wire clamp rings until the clamp is free of
the fuel line. Slide each clamp away from the
filter about ¾”.
Remove the filter from the fuel line by holding
the line and pulling the filter. Install the new
filter by inserting the filter into the fuel line and
returning the clamps to the original position.
Turn the fuel valve to the “ON” position and
check for leaks. Inspect the fuel lines for cuts,
abrasions and deterioration. Replace fuel
lines as needed.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
The unit is also equipped with an oil level
indicator lamp. The lamp will light when the oil
level in the tank is low. When the lamp is lit you
MUST refill the oil tank.
Page 11
DO NOT allow the engine to operate with
an empty oil tank. Doing so will result in
extensive damage to your engine. This
damage is not covered under the warranty.
Check the oil tank level manually during every
other refueling operation.
pressure and control which could result in
injuries.
Check your tire pressure before each riding
session and at each refueling operation. Always
check the pressure when the tires are cool. Use
the tire pressure gauge that came with your ATV
to check the tire pressure.
Tire Pressure
The oil tank capacity is 1.1 liters, 1.2qt.
Fill the tank with high quality JASO FC grade
2 cycle engine oil. Using lower grade oil can
cause exhaust smoke and result in damage to
your engine.
Your first tank of fuel should be a pre-mix fuel
with a 50:1 fuel to oil ratio. This will insure the
engine is lubricated and give the oil pump
time to bleed any air from the oil line that may
have occurred during shipping.
Tires and Wheels
Recommended tire pressure is:
7psi Maximum (Hot – after riding awhile)
2psi Minimum (Cold – Before riding)
Wheel Nut torque 24-30 N/m (18-22 lb/ft)
Spark Plug
Replace spark plug at the beginning of each
season with a replacement plug
NGK - BPR7HS.
Disconnect spark plug wire.
Clean dirt from around spark plug base with
brush or air.
Remove spark plug with spark plug wrench.
Set the spark plug gap on the new plug to 0.023”
Install the new plug screwing it in finger tight and
then use the plug wrench to screw the plug in
another ½ turn.
Inspect the spark plug wire for cuts, nicks or
other damage. Replace as needed.
Spark Arrestor Screen
Tire & Wheel inspection
It is important to inspect your tires and wheels
for damage and wear before each riding
session. Inspect each tire for cuts, tears and
punctures. Inspect the wheel rim for dents
and separation of the wheel from the tire bead.
Replace any tire or wheel found to be
damaged.
Operating your ATV with damaged tires or
wheels is dangerous. Damaged tires or
wheels can result in a sudden loss of tire
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Required maintenance and cleanout:
1. After every 100 hours of operation the
muffler should be cleaned by removing
the clean out bolt by using a 12mm
wrench.
2. After every 60 hours of operation the
Spark Arrester has to be cleaned by
loosening the retaining nut using a 10mm
socket. Using pliers turn the sleeve of the
Spark Arrester counterclockwise and pull
out. Clean the screen with an exhaust
cleaning solution and replace, securing it
by tightening the retaining nut.
3. After every 200 hours of operation the
Spark Arrester has to be replaced by
loosening the retaining nut using a 10mm
socket or wrench. Using pliers turn the
Page 12
sleeve of the Spark Arrester
counterclockwise and pull out.
Replace a new Spark Arrester and
secure it by tightening the retaining nut.
Air Filter
2. Soak the element in clean engine oil until
completely saturated.
3. Squeeze out the excess oil until the
element does not drip any oil.
4. Allow the element to dry then reinstall the
element and cover.
Braking Systems
Your ATV unit is equipped with dual front
mechanical drum brakes and a rear hydraulic disc
brake. The front brakes are applied by squeezing
the brake lever on the right-handle bar, while the
rear brake is applied by squeezing the brake lever
on the left-handle bar.
Proper maintenance of the brake system is a
necessary part of safe operation of your unit. The
brake systems should be inspected and tested
before each riding session.
Air Filter Maintenance
To maintain the highest performance from your
engine and to reduce excessive wear that could
cause engine failure the engine requires a
continuous flow of clean air. Air is taken into the
engine through an air filter to clean the air prior
to mixing it with fuel and oil in the carburetor.
During normal operation the filter
accumulates dirt from the air and will need to
be cleaned to maintain the proper air flow.
The filter should be cleaned every 30 days,
more often if you ride in a dusty or dirty
environment and the element should be
replaced every year.
The air filter box is located on the left side of the
engine under the front fender. It is a black box
about 6” square and is attached to the
crankcase with two bolts and the carburetor by
a tube.
To clean the filter
Remove the air filter box cover.
Remove the filter element from the air box.
Wash the element in a non-flammable solvent
such as Air-Filter cleaner from your local auto
parts dealer.
1. Dry the element completely before
continuing.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Front Brake System Inspection
Visually inspect the brake cables for any signs of
wear. Inspect the cables for frays and kinks that
inhibit the free movement of the cable. Replace
frayed or kinked cable before operating your unit.
Inspect the cables for rust or corrosion. Replace any
brake cable that show signs of corrosion as this
could cause a reduction in cable strength that can
lead to the cable breaking.
Inspect the brake arm, spring, rod and fastener for
signs of wear or damage. Operate the brake lever
while watching the brake mechanism for proper
operation. Tighten, repair or replace parts as needed
to insure safe brake operation. Clean any build-up of
mud or debris from the brake mechanism.
The brakes are equipped with a wear indicator to
alert you when your brake shoes need replacing.
Apply light pressure to the brake lever and slowly
push the unit forward. If you hear a high pitched
metallic scraping sound, you need to replace your
brake shoes. The minimum shoe lining thickness is
1.5mm.
DO NOT RIDE A UNIT WITH WORN
BRAKE SHOES.
Test the brakes by applying pressure to the brake
lever and trying to push the unit forward. If the
Page 13
wheel rotates while the brakes are applied,
adjust the brake cable until the wheels no
longer rotate.
(See Brake Adjustment)
Rear Brake System Inspection
Visually inspect the brake hose for any signs of wear
Brake Adjustment
or leaks. Check the fluid level in the fluid reservoir by
checking the site glass for the level.
Adjust the brake cable so that the lever has
zero free play and a minimum clearance of ½”
between the lever and the handle grip when the
brake is fully applied. Adjust the cable by using
the adjustment wheel where the cable attaches
to the lever assembly. After obtaining the
correct adjustment, insure that the locking nut is
tightened securely against the adjusting wheel
to prevent the adjustment wheel from turning
due to vibration. Keep your brake cables
lubricated with a high quality cable lubricant to
prevent rust and corrosion. The cables should
be lubricated every 60 days or more often if
operated in a dusty or wet environment.
The fluid level should fill at least ¾ of site glass
when the unit is setting on a level surface.
Test the brakes by applying pressure to the brake
lever and trying to push the unit forward. If the wheel
rotates while the brakes are applied, check your fluid
level and brake pads. If the brake lever feels spongy
or does not stop when squeezed, you may have air
in the lines. All air must be purged from the brake
lines for the disc brake to operate properly. (See
purging brake lines).
After riding your unit, be sure to clean any build up
of mud, sand and dirt from the brake rotor skid plate.
This will protect the rotor disc from rust and
corrosion.
Replacement of the brake shoes and cables
should ONLY be preformed by a qualified
mechanic.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
To Fill the Reservoir
Remove the reservoir cover by removing the two
cover bolts.
Page 14
Fill the reservoir to 1/8” from top with Dot-3 SAEJ1703 grade brake fluid.
To bleed the air will require two people to perform
the following procedure.
Caution: DO NOT allow dirt to fall into the
reservoir.
Refold the cover gasket as shown in picture and
replace cover and bolts
1. Place a drain pan under the brake caliper to
catch the fluid.
2. Open the bleeder valve ½ turn counter
clockwise.
3. Squeeze the brake lever to expel air from the
system.
4. While holding the brake lever, close the
bleeder valve.
5. Repeat steps 2 through 4 until the brake fluid
coming from the bleeder valve is a solid
stream without any air, then close the valve
and replace rubber protection cap.
6. Test the brake system by squeezing the
lever, the lever should feel firm and stop
without fading.
Purging Brake Lines
For the hydraulic brake system to operate safely,
the brake system must be purged of air in the
lines and reservoir.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 15
Drive Chain
The drive chain will stretch with use and will
require periodic adjustments. To check the chain
tension, remove the chain guard and measure the
slack.
The amount of slack in the chain should not
exceed 10-20mm or ¼” - ½”.
Inspect the drive and axle sprockets for worn,
damaged or broken teeth. Replace as needed.
Inspect the chain links for damaged, worn or
loose rivets. Repair or replace as needed.
Chain Slack Adjustment
hours of operation, or more frequently if needed,
with a high quality chain lubricant.
Throttle Lever
The throttle lever is located beside the righthandlebar grip and is operated by using the righthand thumb. The lever is spring loaded and will
return to the idle position when you remove your
thumb from the lever. To accelerate the unit, simply
press the lever forward to open the throttle slide in
the carburetor. To slow the unit, reduce the pressure
on the lever or remove your thumb and the throttle
will return to the idle position automatically.
Adjusting the throttle cable
The cable should be adjusted to allow for ⅛” free
Loosen the axle position lock bolt slightly and turn
the chain adjuster nut to take up the excess slack
in the chain. Once the chain has been adjusted
to the proper tension retighten the axle position
locking bolt.
travel before the throttle engages the carburetor
throttle slide. To adjust the cable’s free travel, loosen
the locking nut of the cable adjuster, and turn the
adjuster wheel until there is ⅛” free travel in the
lever. Tighten the locking nut to secure the adjusting
ring.
The chain should be kept well lubricated to
prevent excess wear and premature failure. We
recommend that you lubricate the chain every 15
The speed of the unit can be adjusted by adjusting
the throttle stop screw to limit throttle travel.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 16
Loosen the throttle stop screw locking nut and
turn the throttle stop screw clockwise to reduce
the battery to full charge before replacing it in the
unit.
When reinstalling the battery, be sure to connect the
red cable to the positive (+) terminal and the black
cable to the negative (-) terminal.
The battery should be replaced every three years or
when it no longer holds a charge.
the throttle travel thus reducing the maximum
speed of the unit. Turning the stop screw
counter clockwise will increase the throttle
travel thus increasing the maximum speed of
the unit. Tighten the stop screw locking nut
when the desired throttle travel has been
established.
Do not expose the battery, for extended periods of
time, to freezing temperatures. If the battery has
been frozen it will need to be replaced. There is an
inline fuse on the positive lead of the battery to
protect the wiring system from over loads. If your
starter motor will not turn over and the battery is fully
charged, check the inline fuse on the unit.
Replace the fuse with a 7A fuse.
C.V.T. Filter
NOTE: Your unit includes an electronic speed
control that is set to limit the maximum speed of
the unit to the standards set by the CPSC for
the age of the rider the unit was designed for.
Electrical Battery
The unit’s battery is located under the seat and
This unit is equipped with an air filter for the
C.V.T. transmission. It is located on the lefthand side of the engine, just ahead of the kick
starter spindle. The filter will accumulate dust
and must be cleaned periodically to maintain
normal vehicle operations. Inspect and clean
the filter every 30 operating days, more
frequently if operated in a dusty environment.
supplies electrical power to the unit. The battery
is a 12 volt jell acid type that contains no liquid
electrolyte. The battery should be removed from
the vehicle when stored for extended periods
and charged before being replaced in the unit.
Use a trickle charger set at 12 volts to recharge
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
To clean the filter, remove the two cover bolts
and remove the filter. Clean the filter element
in a non-flammable solvent and let dry
completely before reinstalling. Replace the
filter element and the cover.
Page 17
Transmission Gear selector
Viper 90R (only)
The Viper 90R model is equiped with a
transmission gear selector switch
mounted on the right hand side of the
handlebars. The switch has three
positions (“R” “N” “F”).
“R” = Reverse
“N” = Neutral
“F” = Forward
ATV Break In procedures
Your ATV requires a break in period just as with
all other internal combustion engines. This
period allows the engine parts to seat and wear
properly without undue strain which can cause
premature failure.
1. For the first two weeks of operation do
not run your ATV at full throttle for
extended periods of time.
2. Your first tank of fuel should be a premixture of fuel and oil at a 50:1 ratio. This
will insure that the oil pump system has
been primed and bled of air that may
have occurred in shipping.
3. Do not operate the unit at more than 85%
of maximum speed.
4. Do not over rev the engine.
5. Use light braking pressure to allow the
brake pads to seat to the rotor and drums.
Changing Transmission Oil
The selector must be placed on “N” to
start the engine. Once the engine is
started, engine the brake lever and move
the selector switch to the desired direction
of travel.
Always be sure the vehicle has come to a
complete stop and the brake lever is fully
engaged before turning the selector
switch. Always pause in the “N” neutral
positon for a few seconds when shifting
from forward to reverse or from reverse to
forward, this allows the transmission time
to disengage and resycronize.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
1. Place an oil catch pan under the unit
directly below the transmission box.
2. Remove the transmission box drain plug
located on the bottom of the transmission
box on the underside of the unit.
3. Remove the transmission box fill whole
plug locate on top of the transmission
box near the oil tank bracket on the left
hand side of the unit.
Page 18
4. Allow the oil to drain completely (15-30
min).
5. Reinstall the drain plug and tighten.
Torque to 7-10lbf-ft
6. Fill the transmission box with SAE 8090 gear oil.
a. V70 & V90 100cc / 3.4oz
b. V90R 300cc / 10.2oz
7. Reinstall the fill hole plug finger tight.
8. Dispose of used oil at a proper
recycling station as required by law.
Pre-Operation Inspection
procedure
The following procedure must be
performed before each operating session.
Checking your ATV takes only a few minutes
and may save you from serious injuries and
costly repairs.
1. Check engine oil level.
2. Check engine fuel level.
3. Check brake operations and brake
fluid Level.
4. Check tire condition and pressure.
5. Check drive chain condition and slack.
6. Check throttle operation and free play
adjustment.
7. Check engine stop switch for proper
operation.
8. Check steering system. Look for free
and smooth operation. Check all
fastening hardware.
9. Check all nuts, bolts and other
fasteners for loose conditions.
10. Inspect unit for any broken or
damaged parts.
11. Check all indicator lights and switches
for proper operation.
12. Insure you are wearing proper clothing
and protective gear. Helmet, Gloves
Pads etc.
Starting Procedure
The following procedure must be followed
each time you start your unit.
Park the unit on a level surface and lock the
parking brake.
Place the transmission gear selector switch in
the “N”, Neutral, position. (Viper 90R only)
Insure the safety tether switch cap is fully
engaged. (Viper 50M &70 Only)
Turn the fuel valve to the “ON” position.
Insert the key into the ignition switch and turn to
the “ON” position.
Turn the engine stop switch to the “ON” position.
Set the manual choke lever to the full left
position (Choke close or on)
Apply slight pressure to the throttle lever.
Press the starter button on the left-handle bar.
Your unit should start within 10 seconds of
pushing the starter button. If the unit fails to start
check the following.
1. Engine stop switch is “ON”.
2. Parking Brake Locked “ON”.
3. Transmission selector switch in the “N”
position (Viper 90R only)
4. Tether switch is fully inserted. (Viper 50M
& Viper 70 Only)
5. If you have used the remote control
switch to stop the unit, make sure you
have pressed the run button on the
switch to reset the engine stop receiver.
(Viper 50M & 70 standard equipped.
Viper 90 & 90R Optional kit)
6. Set the manual choke lever to the full left
position (Choke close or on)
Driving your ATV
Your ATV should only be driven in an area that
is designated for this use. Insure that the area is
free of obstacles and other dangers that could
cause a loss of control. Check with your local
authorities for any regulations regarding the use
of your ATV.
Always keep your feet on the footrests and your
hands on the handle bar grips while operating
your ATV. Doing so will give you the best control
of the unit.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 19
Start your ATV by following the starting
procedure above and allow the engine a few
minutes to warm up before releasing the
parking brake.
Start the unit by slowly increasing the throttle
until the unit begins moving.
Turning your ATV
Learning to turn your ATV requires you to
learn to shift your weight and control the
throttle to allow the rear wheels to turn
properly. When making a turn, the wheels on
the outside of the turn must travel a wider
radius and thus a greater distance than the
inside wheels of the turn. Since the rear axle
does not permit a different rate of rotation, it is
not enough to merely steer your ATV into the
turn.
To turn properly, steer in the direction of the
turn and lean your body to the inside of the
turn while supporting your weight on the outer
footrest. Use the throttle to maintain power
throughout the turn.
If you do not use this turning technique the
unit will have a tendency to continue in a
straight line. If this occurs, release the throttle
lever to allow the unit to stop.
Avoid braking or accelerating until you have
regained directional control.
Parking Your ATV
1. Always park your ATV on a level
surface.
2. Turn the ignition key to the “OFF’”
position to stop the engine.
3. Set the engine stop switch to “OFF”
position.
4. Engage the parking brake locking
button.
5. Turn the fuel valve to the “OFF”
position.
6. Remove the ignition key to prevent
unauthorized use or theft of your ATV.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 20
2005 VIPER 50M ATV Specifications
Viper 50M (RXL-50M)
Engine
Type
Displacement
Bore / Stroke
Compression
Power
Two cycle air cooled
49.3cc
φ40.0 * 39.2mm
6.8 : 1
5.2ps @ 7000rpm
Transmission
Type
Automatic (C.V.T. V-Belt)
Chassis
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall High
Wheel Base
Dry Weight
1430mm / 56.3"
820mm / 32.3"
800mm / 31.5"
930mm / 36.1"
108kg / 238lbs
Suspension
Front
Rear
Dual A-arm Adjustable Shocks
Swing Arm Shock
Brakes
Front
Rear
N/A
Hydraulic Disc
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 21
Tires
Front
Rear
Front
Min
Max
Rear
Min
Max
Tire Pressure
145/70-6
145/70-6
2psi / 0.14kg/cm2 (Cold)
7psi / 0.49kg/cm2 (Cold)
2psi / 0.14kg/cm2 (Cold)
7psi / 0.49kg/cm2 (Cold)
Wheels
Bolt Pattern
4 x 110mm
Carburetor
Make/Size
Main Jet
Pilot Jet
Air Mixture Adjustment
Idle Speed
SW 18mm (Manual Coke)
85mm
20mm
Back out ¾ - 1¼ turns
Idle 1700 - 1900rpm
Sprockets
Front
Rear
Chain
19 teeth
28 teeth
#520
Battery
12V-4AH/5AH - GTX5L
Fluids
Type
Volume
Fuel
Engine Oil
Transmission
Type
Volume
Type
Volume
Unleaded Gasoline 92 octane
4.5liters / 1.2gal
High grade synthetic
2 cycle oil
1.0liters / 1gt
SAE 80/90 weight
100cc / 3.4oz
Spark Plug
NGK
Nipendenso
Champion
BPR7HS
W22FRP-U
QL82YC
Electrode
Gap
Maximum Rider Weight
Minimum Rider Age
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023"
36.3kg / 80lbs
6 years
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 22
2005 VIPER 70 ATV Specifications
Viper 70 (RXL-70)
Engine
Type
Displacement
Bore / Stroke
Compression
Power
Two cycle air cooled
68.0cc
φ47.0 * 39.2mm
8.3 : 1
6.3ps @ 6000rpm
Transmission
Type
Automatic (C.V.T. V-Belt)
Chassis
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall High
Wheel Base
Dry Weight
1470mm / 57.9"
850mm / 33.5"
830mm / 32.7"
930mm / 36.1
108kg / 238lbs
Suspension
Front
Dual A-arm
Adjustable Shocks
Rear
Swing Arm
Adjustable Shock
Brakes
Front
Rear
Dual Mechanical drum
Hydraulic Disc
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 23
Tires
Front
Rear
16/8-7
16/8-7
Front
Min
Max
Rear
Min
Max
Tire Pressure
2psi / 0.14kg/cm2 (Cold)
7psi / 0.49kg/cm2 (Cold)
2psi / 0.14kg/cm2 (Cold)
7psi / 0.49kg/cm2 (Cold)
Wheels
Bolt Pattern
4 x 110mm
Carburetor
Make/Size
Main Jet
Pilot Jet
Air Mixture Adjustment
Idle Speed
SW 18mm (Manual Coke)
85mm
20mm
Back out ¾ - 1¼ turns
Idle 1700 - 1900rpm
Sprockets
Front
Rear
Chain
15 teeth
28 teeth
#520
Battery
Fluids
12V-4AH/5AH - GTX5L
Type
Volume
Fuel
Engine Oil
Transmission
Type
Unleaded Gasoline 92 octane
4.5liters / 1.2gal
High grade synthetic
2 cycle oil
Volume
Type
Volume
1.0liters / 1gt
SAE 80/90 weight
100cc / 3.4oz
Electrode Gap
BPR7HS
W22FRP-U
QL82YC
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023"
Spark Plug
NGK
Nipendenso
Champion
Maximum Rider Weight
Minimum Rider Age
68.2kg / 190lb
6 years
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 24
Viper 90 & Viper 90R ATV Specifications
Viper 90 (RXL-90) &
Viper 90R (RXL-90R)
Engine
Type
Displacement
Bore / Stroke
Compression
Power
Two cycle air cooled
82.5cc
φ50.0 * 42.0mm
5.8 : 1
7ps @ 7500rpm
Transmission
Type
Automatic (C.V.T. V-Belt)
Chassis
Overall Length
Overall Width
Overall High
Wheel Base
Dry Weight
1500mm / 59.0"
850mm / 33.5"
900mm / 35.4
930mm / 36.1
113kg / 249lbs
Suspension
Front
Dual A-arm
Adjustable Shocks
Rear
Swing Arm
Adjustable Shock
Brakes
Front
Rear
Dual Mechanical drum
Hydraulic Disc
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 25
Tires
Front
Rear
Front
Min
Max
Rear
Min
Max
Tire Pressure
18/7-8
18/9-8
2psi / 0.14kg/cm2 (Cold)
7psi / 0.49kg/cm2 (Cold)
2psi / 0.14kg/cm2 (Cold)
7psi / 0.49kg/cm2 (Cold)
Wheels
Bolt Pattern
4 x 110mm
Carburetor
Make/Size
Main Jet
Pilot Jet
Air Mixture Adjustment
Idle Speed
SW 18mm (Manual Coke)
85mm
20mm
Back out ¾ - 1¼ turns
Idle 1700 - 1900rpm
Sprockets
Front
Rear
Chain
15 teeth
28 teeth
#520
Battery
Fluids
12V-4AH/5AH - GTX5L
Type
Volume
Fuel
Engine Oil
Transmission
Type
Unleaded Gasoline 92 octane
4.5liters / 1.2gal
High grade synthetic
2 cycle oil
Volume
Type
V90 Volume
V90R Volume
1.0liters / 1gt
SAE 80/90 weight
100cc / 3.4oz
300cc / 10.2oz
Electrode Gap
BPR7HS
W22FRP-U
QL82YC
0.6-0.7mm / 0.023"
Spark Plug
NGK
Nipendenso
Champion
Maximum Rider Weight
Minimum Rider Age
68.2kg / 190lb
12 years
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 26
Maintenance Schedule
First week
Every 30 Days
Every Year
I
Fuel Lines
Throttle Operation
Air Filter
Fuel Filter
Spark Plug
Drive Chain
Brake Shoes
Brake System
I
I
C
I, L
R
R
R
I
I, L
I
I
I
Inspect as part
of pre-ride
inspection
I
Inspect as part
of pre-ride
inspection
I
Brake Fluid
Bolts, Nuts & Fasteners
Wheels
I
I
I
I
I
Steering system
Every 6 months
Suspension System
C.V.T. Filter
C.V.T. Drive belt
Transmission Oil
Choke
Spark Arrester
Battery
Replace every 2 years
Inspect as part
of pre-ride
inspection
Inspect as part
of pre-ride
inspection
Inspect as part
of pre-ride
inspection
I
C
I
Replace as needed
R or 100 hrs
I
C every 100 hrs R every 200 Hours
I, C
I = Inspect, Clean, Adjust, Lubricate or Replace as needed
C= Clean
L = Lubricate
R = Replace
Owners Maintenance Records
Maintenance Preformed
Date
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Notes
Replace Fuel & Vent
Lines every 2 years
Inspect as part
of pre-ride
inspection
Page 27
Preformed By
Wire diagram Viper 50M (RXL-50M)
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 28
Diagram Viper 70 (RXL-70)
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 29
Wire Diagram Viper 90 (RXL-90)
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 30
Wire diagram RXL-90R
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 31
ETON AMERICA, LLC.
LIMITED VEHICLE WARRANTY
ETON America warrants all new ETON vehicles sold by authorized Eton Dealers to be free
from defects in materials and workmanship, subject to the following exclusions and
limitations. New vehicles sold by an authorized dealer to original retail consumers are covered
by this policy for a period of six (6) months from the date of delivery. There is no mileage
limitation.
Vehicles used in rental service or for certain commercial purposes are specifically excluded
from this policy. (Check with your dealer for warranty application.)
Items and conditions that are specifically excluded from this warranty program are;
1. Damage caused by accidents, misuse, negligence, improper vehicle operation.
2. Any modification or alteration to any standard specifications or equipment.
3. Any repairs made by an unauthorized dealer or service firm.
4. Use of non-ETON genuine parts for repairs or alteration to standard specifications.
5. Damage caused by failure to perform factory scheduled service maintenance.
6. Damage which occurs as a result of improper storage.
7. Damage caused by the use of improper fuel or lubricants, and/or failure to use proper
oil/gas mixture on two stroke models.
The following normal wear parts are specifically excluded from warranty coverage:
1. Rubber parts
2. Tires
3. Belts
4. Brake linings
5. Normal wear item
6. Brake parts
7. Cables
8. Filters
9. Spark plugs
10. Bulbs
11. Batteries
12. Sprockets
13. External springs
14. Seat and hand grips.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 32
ETON AMERICA, LLC.
LIMITED VEHICLE WARRANTY
Scheduled maintenance service is the responsibility of the owner during and after the warranty
period. In the event of a failure or required repair, the owner should take vehicle to an
authorized dealer for repair without undue delay and within a maximum of thirty, (30), days of
the occurrence of the problem. All eligible warranty repairs must be made at any authorized
dealer’s normal place of business. Any transportation costs, or other expenses which may
occur in order to obtain warranty service, are the responsibility of the owner. All eligible
repairs covered under this warranty will be paid to the servicing dealer only, by ETON
America, and no additional payments shall be made for authorized warranty repairs.
Dealer and/or ETON America are not responsible for loss of use, other damage or
inconvenience due to warranty repairs. It is the customer/buyer’s responsibility to review with
the selling dealer the pre-delivery service schedule to assure machine is properly serviced prior
to delivery acceptance. It is recommended that the buyer take a test ride to familiarize
themselves with the machine and to make certain the unit is in proper operating condition. The
dealer is responsible for checking and performing all items on the “set-up and pre-delivery
checklist” prior to delivery to the customer.
This warranty is valid at any authorized ETON Dealer in the United States only. In the event
you experience any problem obtaining prompt service, contact ETON America, customer
service department for assistance. Always consult first with your selling dealer and or service
personnel for assistance with any service work or repairs. In the event you have a problem
obtaining service send your name, address, and vehicle identification number to Eton America
for assistance.
The above stated policy is the only policy offered and backed by ETON America, and no other
organization or individual is authorized to make or offer any different arrangements. Some
states prohibit certain limitations or conditions or do not allow exclusions or limitations. You
may be eligible for additional consideration, so check with your local dealer or appropriate
state agency for assistance. Rights vary from state to state, and you may have other rights not
offered in this warranty.
ETON America warrants all new vehicles comply with applicable US regulations.
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 33
Copyright ©2008-2009 ETON America, all rights reserved.
Page 36
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