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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Table of Contents
Important Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Recommended Installation Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Recommended Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Main Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
14 Pin Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
6 Pin Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Installation Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Control Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
RangeMaster™ Super Heterodyne Receiver Module . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Wireloom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Valet Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Brake Lights (Mandatory) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Parking Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Glow Plug Light Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Reverse Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Remote Start Activated (-) Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Factory Alarm Disarm (-) Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Factory Alarm Rearm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Ignition Switch Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Remote Engine Start Neutral Safety Switch Bulletin . . . . . . . . . . 1 0
Tach Wire (RPM Monitoring). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3
Hood Switch (Mandatory) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3
Power and Ground Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
Mandatory RPM Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
Programmable Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5
Programming Table for System Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
Programming Table for Remote Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6
AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Important Information
Recommended Installation Tools
Voltmeter
Wire Strippers
Electrical Drill & Bits
Phillips Screwdriver
Convoluted Tubing *
Solder Gun *
Wire Crimpers
Shrink Tube or Electrical Tape
* Optional
Recommended Procedures
1 . Test all circuits with a voltmeter.
2 . Make all wiring connections with the supplied solderless crimp
connectors. DO NOT twist wires or use scotch-lok connectors.
3 . Route the small and large RED, RED/WHITE and BLACK wires from the
control unit directly to the battery.
4 . Keep extensions as short as possible. Use same gauge wires for short
extensions and larger gauge wires for longer extensions.
.5 . DO NOT disconnect the battery cables. Make all connections by
removing the bolts from the cable clamps without detaching the clamp.
6 . Turn off dome light or remove dome light fuse to prevent battery drain.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Any changes or modifications
made to the system without the express approval of Avital Technologies, Inc.
could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Main Wiring Diagram
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
14 Pin Connector
Pin Number
Wire Color
Description
1
BLUE/WHITE
Lock (-) Output
2
Not Used
3
ORANGE/BLACK
Glow Plug Light (+) Input
4
WHITE/BLACK
Dome Light (-) Output for Factory Alarm Rearming
5
BLACK
Battery (-)
6
WHITE/GREEN
Tachometer Input
7
YELLOW
Brake Switch (+) Input
8
YELLOW/BLACK
Reverse Light (+) Input
9
TAN
Hood Switch (-) Input
10
RED/BLACK
Parking Light Output
11
GRAY/BLACK
Remote Start Activated (-) Output
12
GRAY/WHITE
Factory Alarm Disarm (-) Output
13
RED/WHITE
Parking Light Polarity Input (+) or (-) Select
14
RED
Battery (+)
6 Pin Connector
Pin Number
Wire Color
Description
1
PINK
Ignition Output
2
RED
Battery +12 Volts
3
PINK
Ignition Output
4
VIOLET
Starter Output
5
GRAY
Heater/AC Output
6
Not Used
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Installation Procedures
Control Unit
1 . Select a location under the dash that will allow you to use the tie wraps to
securely fasten the control unit.
2 . Mount the control unit as high as possible to ensure maximum security.
3 . Do not mount the control unit near moving parts.
4 . Avoid areas that are in the direct path of air blowing from the vents.
5 . Route wires from this point, leaving slack for ease of service.
RangeMaster™ Super Heterodyne Receiver Module
1 . Plug the receiver module WHITE connector into the control unitWHITE
plug.
2. Use tie wraps to fasten the receiver module as far from the control unit as
possible.
3 . Route the antenna cable up through the driver side windshield pillar,
behind the headliner and behind the rear view mirror.
4 . Fasten the antenna to the windshield with the attached adhesive tape.
Attach the antenna vertically so the rubber tip on the end of the antenna is
facing downward.
Wireloom
1. Plug the wirelooms securely into the control unit.
2. Route wires from the control module directly to each connection point.
3 . Separate the small and large RED , RED/WHITE , BLACK, TAN, and
WHITE/GREEN wires.
4. Sleeve these wires with vinyl tubing or electrical tape and route them
through an existing rubber grommet into the engine compartment.
5 . If an existing grommet is not available, drill a hole and install a snap
grommet.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Valet Switch
1 . Discuss placement with the owner.
2. Choose a location for the valet switch that is hidden, but convenient for
the owner to access.
3 . Drill a ¼" hole and mount the switch.
4. Route the valet switch wires to the control unit.
5 . Plug the valet switch WHITE connector into the control unit WHITE plug.
Brake Lights (Mandatory)
: As a safety feature, the unit monitors the brake light to
prevent an unauthorized driver from driving the car and to switch to
I CAUTION
normal engine operating condition. For this reason, the YELLOW
brake light input wire must be connected and the brake light must be
in working condition or the remote start will not operate properly.
1 . Turn the ignition key to the "ON" position, then press the brake pedal and
make sure the brake light illuminates.
2 . Use a voltmeter to find the one wire at the brake light switch (usually
located on the upper brake pedal arm) that shows +12 volts when you
press the brake pedal and 0 volts when the brake pedal is not pressed.
3. Connect the YELLOW wire to the vehicle brake light switch wire.
Parking Lights
1 . If the parking lights are positive trigger, connect the RED/WHITE wire to
the battery positive (+) terminal through the 20 amp fuse assembly.
NOTE: Do not connect the RED/WHITE wire to the control unit RED wire.
2. If the parking lights are negative (-) trigger, connect the RED/WHITE wire
to control unit BLACK wire.
3. Connect the RED/BLACK wire to the vehicle parking light wire.
Glow Plug Light Input
The AviStart can start a diesel engine by one of two methods.
Pre-ignition
The module can be programmed to turn the ignition "ON" for 15 seconds
before the starter engages. This will allow the glow plugs time to warm up and
the glow plug light to turn off.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Glow Plug Light Monitoring
The glow plug light (+) input wire will monitor the glow plug light in the
dashboard. When a remote start is attempted, the ignition will turn on and
when the glow plug light turns "OFF" the engine will start
1 . Locate the glow plug light wire that will show (+) 12 volts while the
ignition key is on and the glow plug light wire is illuminated.
2 . Connect the AviStart ORANGE/BLACK wire to the vehicle glow plug
might wire.
NOTE: Do not use both "pre-ignition" and "glow plug light monitoring" at
the same time (use one or the other).
Reverse Light
: Some vehicles allow you to remove the gear shift
I CAUTION
selector from "Park" even while the ignition key is not on. As a safety
feature, the system will monitor the reverse wire. If the vehicle is
removed from "Park" while in the remote start mode, the system will
shut down immediately.
1 . Set the parking brake.
2 . Turn the ignition key to the "ON" position and adjust the gear shift selector
to "Reverse."
3 . Use a voltmeter to find the wire that will show +12 volts in "Reverse" and
0 volts in "Park."
4. Connect the YELLOW/BLACK wire to the vehicle’s reverse light wire.
Remote Start Activated (-) Output
The GRAY/BLACK wire will provide a continual ground output for as long as
the vehicle is in the remote start mode. This output can be used for additional
ignition, starter or heater/AC relays, VATS, Passlok and Passkey bypass.
Factory Alarm Disarm (-) Output
The GRAY/WHITE wire will provide a 0.75 second ground output when the
START button is pressed.
1 . Arm the vehicle factory alarm system.
2. Use a volt/ohmmeter to locate the one wire that will show ground only
when the driver door key cylinder is held in the unlock position.
Con tin ued on next page.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
NOTE: Most factory alarm/disarm wires will show 8-12 volts while
armed. A few vehicle disarm wires will rest at a neutral state while
armed. Regardless of type, both types will change to ground when the
key cylinder is turned to unlock.
3 . Connect the GRAY/WHITE wire to the factory alarm disarm wire.
Factory Alarm Rearm
There are two types of factory alarm systems that the AviStart can rearm.
System #1
This type of system has a designated alarm arm wire that requires a (-) pulse to
arm the alarm
1. Use a volt/ohmmeter to find the factory arm wire that will show (-) ground
while the driver door key cylinder is turned to the "LOCK" position.
2 . Connect the AviStart BLUE/WHITE wire to the vehicle arm wire. The
BLUE/WHITE wire will provide a single 2-second (-) output five seconds
after the engine is shut off with the remote control or timed out.
System #2
This type of system does not have a designated "arm' wire. To arm the alarm,
you must lock the doors while the interior lights are on.
1 . Use a volt/ohmmeter to locate the vehicle lock switch wire. If the vehicle
lock wire is not (-) trigger, you will need to add a relay.
2 . Connect the AviStart BLUE/WHITE wire to the vehicle (-) lock wire or
additional lock relay.
3 . Use a volt/ohmmeter to find the vehicle interior light wire. It will be (+) or
(-) trigger.
4. A relay will be required to turn on the interior lights. Connect the AviStart
WHITE/BLACK wire to relay terminal 85. Connect relay terminal 86 to
+12 volts. Connect relay terminal 30 to the vehicle interior light wire. If
the interior lights are (-), connect relay terminal 87 to (-) ground. If the
interior lights are (+), connect relay terminal 87 to (+) 12 volts.
Ignition Switch Connections
NOTE: Because these wires can draw high current, we recommend that they
be soldered and shrink tubed or taped. If only one 14 ga PINK wire is
needed, tape the end of the second 14 ga PINK wire to prevent a short
circuit.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Ignition #1 Ignition #2
The AviStart module has two onboard 30-amp relays. Most vehicles have only
one ignition wire necessary to start the vehicle. Some vehicles have two
ignition wires. Make all wire connections at the ignition switch wire harness.
1 . Use a voltmeter to locate the wire(s) that show +12 volts while the ignition
key is in the "ON," "CRANK" and "RUN" positions and 0 volts when the
ignition key is in the "OFF" position.
2 . Connect the 14 ga PINK wire(s) to the vehicle ignition wire(s).
Heater/AC
The AviStart module has one onboard 30-amp relay. Most vehicles have only
one heater/AC wire. If additional heater/AC wires are required to activate the
vehicle’s heater/AC system, an additional 30-amp relay must be added. Do
not use the GRAY wire to power more than one heater/AC wire.
1. Use a voltmeter to find the wire(s) that show +12 volts when the ignition
key is in the "ON" position, 0 volts while the starter is cranking and +12
volts while running.
2 . Cut this wire in half. Start the vehicle and turn the blower switch on. The
blower should not turn on.
3. Connect the GRAY wire to the heater/AC wire.
Starter
Review the "Safety Bulletin" and diagrams on pages
I WARNING:
10-12 prior to installing the starter system.
1 . Use a voltmeter to find the wire that shows +12 volts while the ignition
key is in the "CRANK" position only and 0 volts while the key is in the
"OFF," "ON" and "RUN" positions.
2. Connect the VIOLET wire to the starter wire.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Remote Engine Start Neutral Safety Switch Bulletin
A neutral safety switch is a mechanism on almost every vehicle equipped with
an automatic transmission. The neutral safety switch prevents the vehicle from
starting while the gear shift selector is in "Reverse" or "Forward" gear positions.
There are basically two types of neutral safety switches. The most common is
the mechanical (separate) neutral safety switch. A small group of vehicles use
a combined neutral safety switch.
Type "A" (separate)
The mechanical neutral safety switch is located between the ignition switch
and the starter solenoid. The starter wire runs directly from the back of the
ignition switch to the neutral safety switch and then to the starter solenoid.
When adding a remote engine starter, make starter wire connections as close
to the ignition switch as possible to ensure your connections are between the
ignition switch and the neutral safety switch.
Type "B" (combined)
Some vehicles combine the neutral safety switch and the steering column shift
mechanism together. The starter wires run from the "combined" switch directly
to the starter solenoid. The remote start wire connection cannot be made
between the ignition switch and the neutral safety switch. As a result, if the
vehicle was left in gear with the key in the ignition and not in the locked
position, the vehicle could move forward or backward if a remote start
attempt was made.
The combined type neutral safety switch requires an additional relay to
prevent the vehicle from remote starting while the key is in the ignition. Use
the attached test procedure and relay wiring diagrams. Install the complete
remote start unit and test all safety features before conducting the test
procedure.
Currently, the only vehicles with the combined neutral safety switch that
Avital is aware of are General Motors trucks, GM sport utility vehicles, GM
column shift passenger cars and Dodge Dakota pickup trucks. There may be
additional vehicles with the combined neutral safety switch that require the
additional relay.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
NOTE: Use the following test procedure upon completion of every remote
start regardless of the make and model of the vehicle.
Test Procedure
Be sure there is at least 5 feet of unobstructed clearance
at the front and rear of the vehicle. Make sure to alert anyone near
I CAUTION:
the vehicle you are testing that the vehicle may move forward
slightly.
1. Apply the parking brake.
2 . Turn the ignition key to the "ON" position and place the vehicle in
"DRIVE."
3. Turn the ignition as close to the "OFF" position as possible. (Most vehicles
will not allow the key to turn off completely.)
4. Place your foot over the brake pedal without touching it. Be prepared to
step on the brake if the starter engages.
5. Activate the remote engine starter.
6. If the vehicle starter engages, immediately press the brake pedal to
disengage (shut down) the remote start. You have a "combined" type
neutral safety switch and you will have to add an additional relay as
shown in the diagram.
7 . If the vehicle starter does not engage, no additional relays are required.
All vehicles have a "key in the ignition" reminder circuit (key minder) that will
sound a chime or buzzer while the key is in the ignition and the driver’s door
is open. The following diagrams will illustrate how to interface the key-minder
wires and a relay to prevent the vehicle from remote starting while the key is
in the ignition.
The wire color codes are subject to change. Check all wires with a
volt/ohmmeter. If you have any questions, please contact the Avital
Technical Support Department.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Gen eral Mo tors Sport Util ity Ve hi cles, Trucks and
Col umn Shift Pas sen ger Ve hi cles
Dodge Da kota Pickup Trucks
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Tach Wire (RPM Monitoring)
The AviStart is designed to monitor the vehicle RPM by connecting directly to
the vehicle tachometer wire which is usually located at the distributor,
ignition coil or diagnostic plug. On most vehicles, the tach wire is easily
accessible. If the tach wire is not accessible, there are several alternative
choices. Contact Avital Technical Support Department for alternate choices.
The following procedure for testing the vehicle tach wire is not exact and may
vary with different vehicle make, model and year. We recommend that you
refer to your AviFax documents for tach color code and location information.
1 . Set your voltmeter to the AC voltage scale.
2 . Start the vehicle. Use the voltmeter to find a wire that will show 1 to 5
volts AC while the vehicle is idle and increase an additional 1 to 5 volts
AC when the engine RPM is raised to 3000-4000 RPM.
3. Connect the WHITE/GREEN wire to the vehicle tach wire.
Hood Switch (Mandatory)
As a safety precaution, the hood switch prevents the vehicle from starting
when the hood is open. If the vehicle is in the remote start mode and the hood
is opened, the remote start will immediately shut down. The hood switch will
also trigger the alarm when opened.
1. Choose a location under the hood away from direct exposure to water or
water drain areas.
2 . Check for proper hood clearance.
3 . Make sure the hood switch will make contact with a flat surface on the
hood when closed.
5
4 . Drill a /16 " mounting hole.
5. Mount the hood switch.
6 . Connect the TAN wire to the hood switch.
7. Make sure the hood makes contact with hood switch when closed and
presses the hood switch straight down to prevent wear.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Power and Ground Connections
: Do not plug in the system fuses until the final step
below.
I CAUTION
1 . Connect the 18 ga RED wire to one end of a supplied 20 amp fuse
assembly.
2. If the vehicle parking lights are positive trigger, connect the RED/WHITE
wire to one end of the other supplied 20 amp fuse assembly.
3. Connect the BLACK wire to the 10 mm ring terminal.
4. Connect the 10 ga RED wire to one end of both 30-amp fuse assemblies.
5. Connect the other ends of the 18 ga RED and RED/WHITE wire fuse
assemblies to the 10 mm ring terminal.
6. Connect the other end of the 10 gaRED wire fuse assembly to the other
10 mm ring terminal.
7 . Remove the (+) and (-) battery bolts. Do not disconnect the battery clamps.
8 . Connect the empty fuse assemblies to the (+) battery terminal.
9 . Connect the BLACK wire to the (-) battery terminal.
10. Inspect all wiring. Make sure all wires are connected correctly.
11. Install the 5 amp fuse in the 18 ga RED wire fuse assembly.
12. Install the 20 amp fuse in the RED/WHITE wire fuse assembly.
13. Install the two 20 amp fuses in the 10 ga RED wire fuse assemblies.
Mandatory RPM Programming
In order to remote start the vehicle engine and prevent over-grinding of the
starter motor, the engine RPM must be programmed into the system memory.
The AviStart has a built-in piezo beeper for audible programming confirmation.
1 . Start the engine with the ignition key. Let the engine warm up until it
reaches a normal idle RPM (typically 700-900 RPM).
2 . Turn the ignition key "OFF."
3 . Start the engine with the ignition key.
4. Within 10 seconds of starting the vehicle, begin flicking the valet switch
on then off 5 times (counting the piezo beeps).
NOTE: Stop on the 5th beep. See the "Programming Table for System
Features" on page 16.
5 . Press and hold the remote START button.
6. The parking lights will flash two times to confirm the RPMs have been
memorized.
7 . Release the START button.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Programmable Features
All AviStart system and remote control programmable features are
accomplished by turning the ignition key to the "ON" position or starting
the engine and flicking the valet switch on and off a preset number of times.
The built-in piezo beeper will beep for audible programming confirmation.
The AviStart also allows the user to add new remote controls in one step,
delete lost or stolen remote controls or rearrange the factory preset remote
control functions.
1 . Remove the system from Protected Valet Mode. Programming cannot be
accessed while the system is in Protected Valet Mode.
2 . Select the feature you wish to program from the "Programming Table for
System Features" or the "Programming Table for Remote Controls" on
page 16. Note the number of beeps associated with that feature.
3 . Turn the ignition key to the "ON" position.
4 . Within 10 seconds, begin flicking the valet switch on and off. The piezo
beeper will beep once each time you flick the switch on then off.
5 . Continue flicking the switch on and off, counting the number of beeps.
NOTE: Stop when you reach the number of beeps associated with your
chosen feature.
6 . Follow the "Secondary Action." You will hear a number of beeps to
confirm that you have changed the setting of that feature.
7 . Turn the ignition key "OFF."
8 . Repeat steps 1-7 for any other feature you wish to program.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
Programming Table for System Features
Feature
Factory
Setting
No. of
beeps
Secondary Action
Remote Start Pre-Ignition
2 or 15 Seconds
2 Seconds
4
Wait 3 seconds, the piezo
beeper will beep once for 15
seconds, twice for 2 seconds
Mandatory RPM Programming
—
5
See "Mandatory RPM
Programming" on page 14.
Programming Table for Remote Controls
Feature
Factory Setting
No. of
beeps
Secondary Action
Remote Engine Start
Green START
Button
6
Press the Green START Button, the
piezo beeper will beep 1 times.
Remote Engine Stop
Red STOP Button
7
Press the Red STOP Button, the
piezo beeper will beep 2 times.
One Step Remote Control
Code Learning
Green START
Button
8
Press the Green START Button, the
piezo beeper will beep 1 time.
Instant Remote Control
Code Deletion
—
9
Wait 3 seconds, the piezo beeper
will beep twice, all codes are
erased out of memory.
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
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AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
© 1999 Avital Technologies, Inc., A Division of Clifford Electronics
Part Num ber: 32- 2501B/AviStart 2501IM/1099
AviStart 2501 Installation Manual - Rev. B 100199
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