Delta Electronics | AC Motor Drive VFD-VE Series | Specifications | Delta Electronics AC Motor Drive VFD-VE Series Specifications

Preface
Thank you for choosing DELTA’s multifunction VFD-EL Series. The VFD-EL Series is manufactured
with high-quality components and materials and incorporate the latest microprocessor technology
available.
This manual is to be used for the installation, parameter setting, troubleshooting, and daily
maintenance of the AC motor drive. To guarantee safe operation of the equipment, read the following
safety guidelines before connecting power to the AC motor drive. Keep this operating manual at
hand and distribute to all users for reference.
To ensure the safety of operators and equipment, only qualified personnel familiar with AC motor
drive are to do installation, start-up and maintenance. Always read this manual thoroughly before
using VFD-EL series AC Motor Drive, especially the WARNING, DANGER and CAUTION notes.
Failure to comply may result in personal injury and equipment damage. If you have any questions,
please contact your dealer.
PLEASE READ PRIOR TO INSTALLATION FOR SAFETY.
DANGER!
1.
2.
AC input power must be disconnected before any wiring to the AC motor drive is made.
A charge may still remain in the DC-link capacitors with hazardous voltages, even if the power
has been turned off. To prevent personal injury, please ensure that power has turned off before
opening the AC motor drive and wait ten minutes for the capacitors to discharge to safe voltage
levels.
3.
Never reassemble internal components or wiring.
4.
The AC motor drive may be destroyed beyond repair if incorrect cables are connected to the
input/output terminals. Never connect the AC motor drive output terminals U/T1, V/T2, and
W/T3 directly to the AC mains circuit power supply.
5.
Ground the VFD-EL using the ground terminal. The grounding method must comply with the
laws of the country where the AC motor drive is to be installed. Refer to the Basic Wiring
Diagram.
6.
VFD-EL series is used only to control variable speed of 3-phase induction motors, NOT for 1phase motors or other purpose.
7.
VFD-EL series shall NOT be used for life support equipment or any life safety situation.
WARNING!
1.
DO NOT use Hi-pot test for internal components. The semi-conductor used in AC motor drive
easily damage by high-voltage.
2.
There are highly sensitive MOS components on the printed circuit boards. These components
are especially sensitive to static electricity. To prevent damage to these components, do not
touch these components or the circuit boards with metal objects or your bare hands.
3.
Only qualified persons are allowed to install, wire and maintain AC motor drives.
CAUTION!
1.
DO NOT install the AC motor drive in a place subjected to high temperature, direct sunlight,
high humidity, excessive vibration, corrosive gases or liquids, or airborne dust or metallic
particles.
2.
3.
Some parameters settings can cause the motor to run immediately after applying power
Only use AC motor drives within specification. Failure to comply may result in fire, explosion or
electric shock.
4.
To prevent personal injury, please keep children and unqualified people away from the
equipment.
5.
When the motor cable between AC motor drive and motor is too long, the layer insulation of the
motor may be damaged. Please use a frequency inverter duty motor or add an AC output
reactor to prevent damage to the motor. Refer to appendix B Reactor for details.
6.
The rated voltage for AC motor drive must be ≤ 240V (≤ 480V for 460V models) and the mains
supply current capacity must be ≤ 5000A RMS.
Table of Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................. i
Table of Contents .......................................................................................... iii
Chapter 1 Introduction ................................................................................ 1-1
1.1 Receiving and Inspection....................................................................1-2
1.1.1 Nameplate Information................................................................ 1-2
1.1.2 Model Explanation ...................................................................... 1-2
1.1.3 Series Number Explanation ........................................................ 1-3
1.1.4 Drive Frames and Appearances ................................................. 1-3
1.1.5 Remove Instructions ................................................................... 1-5
1.2 Preparation for Installation and Wiring................................................1-5
1.2.1 Ambient Conditions..................................................................... 1-6
1.2.2 DC-bus Sharing: Connecting the DC-bus of the AC Motor Drives in
Parallel................................................................................................. 1-8
1.3 Dimensions .........................................................................................1-9
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring .............................................................. 2-1
2.1 Wiring .................................................................................................2-2
2.2 External Wiring ...................................................................................2-8
2.3 Main Circuit.........................................................................................2-9
2.3.1 Main Circuit Connection.............................................................. 2-9
2.3.2 Main Circuit Terminals .............................................................. 2-11
2.4 Control Terminals .............................................................................2-12
Chapter 3 Keypad and Start Up ..................................................................3-1
3.1 Description of the Digital Keypad ....................................................... 3-1
3.2 How to Operate the Digital Keypad .................................................... 3-3
3.3 Reference Table for the 7-segment LED Display of the Digital Keypad 34
3.4 Operation Method .............................................................................. 3-4
3.5 Trial Run ............................................................................................ 3-5
Chapter 4 Parameters..................................................................................4-1
4.1 Summary of Parameter Settings ........................................................ 4-2
4.2 Parameter Settings for Applications ................................................. 4-21
4.3 Description of Parameter Settings.................................................... 4-26
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting .........................................................................5-1
5.1 Over Current (OC).............................................................................. 5-1
5.2 Ground Fault ...................................................................................... 5-2
5.3 Over Voltage (OV).............................................................................. 5-2
5.4 Low Voltage (Lv) ................................................................................ 5-3
5.5 Over Heat (OH1) ................................................................................ 5-4
5.6 Overload ............................................................................................ 5-4
5.7 Keypad Display is Abnormal .............................................................. 5-5
5.8 Phase Loss (PHL) .............................................................................. 5-5
5.9 Motor cannot Run............................................................................... 5-6
5.10 Motor Speed cannot be Changed .................................................... 5-7
5.11 Motor Stalls during Acceleration....................................................... 5-8
5.12 The Motor does not Run as Expected.............................................. 5-8
5.13 Electromagnetic/Induction Noise...................................................... 5-9
5.14 Environmental Condition...................................................................5-9
5.15 Affecting Other Machines ...............................................................5-10
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance................................ 6-1
6.1 Fault Code Information .......................................................................6-1
6.1.1 Common Problems and Solutions............................................... 6-1
6.1.2 Reset .......................................................................................... 6-5
6.2 Maintenance and Inspections .............................................................6-5
Appendix A Specifications ........................................................................ A-1
Appendix B Accessories ........................................................................... B-1
B.1 All Brake Resistors & Brake Units Used in AC Motor Drives ............. B-1
B.1.1 Dimensions and Weights for Brake Resistors ............................ B-4
B.2 No Fuse Circuit Breaker Chart .......................................................... B-7
B.3 Fuse Specification Chart ................................................................... B-8
B.4 AC Reactor........................................................................................ B-9
B.4.1 AC Input Reactor Recommended Value..................................... B-9
B.4.2 AC Output Reactor Recommended Value.................................. B-9
B.4.3 Applications .............................................................................. B-10
B.5 Zero Phase Reactor (RF220X00A) ................................................. B-12
B.6 Remote Controller RC-01 ................................................................ B-13
B.7 PU06 ............................................................................................... B-14
B.7.1 Description of the Digital Keypad VFD-PU06 ........................... B-14
B.7.2 Explanation of Display Message............................................... B-14
B.7.3 Operation Flow Chart ............................................................... B-15
B.8 Fieldbus Modules ............................................................................ B-16
B.8.1 DeviceNet Communication Module (CME-DN01) .....................B-16
B.8.1.1 Panel Appearance and Dimensions ..................................B-16
B.8.1.2 Wiring and Settings ...........................................................B-16
B.8.1.3 Power Supply ....................................................................B-17
B.8.1.4 LEDs Display.....................................................................B-17
B.8.2 LonWorks Communication Module (CME-LW01) .....................B-17
B.8.2.1 Introduction .......................................................................B-17
B.8.2.2 Dimensions .......................................................................B-17
B.8.2.3 Specifications ....................................................................B-18
B.8.2.4 Wiring ................................................................................B-18
B.8.2.5 LED Indications .................................................................B-18
B.8.3 Profibus Communication Module (CME-PD01).........................B-19
B.8.3.1 Panel Appearance.............................................................B-19
B.8.3.2 Dimensions .......................................................................B-20
B.8.3.3 Parameters Settings in VFD-EL ........................................B-20
B.8.3.4 Power Supply ....................................................................B-20
B.8.3.5 PROFIBUS Address..........................................................B-20
B.8.4 CME-COP01 (CANopen) ..........................................................B-21
B.8.4.1 Product Profile...................................................................B-21
B.8.4.2 Specifications ....................................................................B-21
B.8.4.3 Components......................................................................B-22
B.8.4.4 LED Indicator Explanation & Troubleshooting...................B-23
B.9 MKE-EP & DIN Rail ......................................................................... B-25
B.9.1 MKE-EP ....................................................................................B-25
B.9.2 DIN Rail: MKEL-DRA (Only for frame A)...................................B-26
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive.............................. C-1
C.1 Capacity Formulas ............................................................................ C-2
C.2 General Precaution ........................................................................... C-4
C.3 How to Choose a Suitable Motor....................................................... C-5
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Chapter 1 Introduction
The AC motor drive should be kept in the shipping carton or crate before installation. In order to
retain the warranty coverage, the AC motor drive should be stored properly when it is not to be used
for an extended period of time. Storage conditions are:
CAUTION!
1.
Store in a clean and dry location free from direct sunlight or corrosive fumes.
2.
Store within an ambient temperature range of -20 °C to +60 °C.
3.
Store within a relative humidity range of 0% to 90% and non-condensing environment.
4.
Store within an air pressure range of 86 kPA to 106kPA.
5.
DO NOT place on the ground directly. It should be stored properly. Moreover, if the surrounding
environment is humid, you should put exsiccator in the package.
6.
DO NOT store in an area with rapid changes in temperature. It may cause condensation and
frost.
7.
If the AC motor drive is stored for more than 3 months, the temperature should not be higher
than 30 °C. Storage longer than one year is not recommended, it could result in the degradation
of the electrolytic capacitors.
8.
When the AC motor drive is not used for longer time after installation on building sites or places
with humidity and dust, it’s best to move the AC motor drive to an environment as stated above.
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Chapter 1 Introduction|
1.1 Receiving and Inspection
This VFD-EL AC motor drive has gone through rigorous quality control tests at the factory before
shipment. After receiving the AC motor drive, please check for the following:
„
Check to make sure that the package includes an AC motor drive, the User Manual/Quick
„
Inspect the unit to assure it was not damaged during shipment.
„
Make sure that the part number indicated on the nameplate corresponds with the part
Start and CD.
number of your order.
1.1.1 Nameplate Information
Example for 1HP/0.75kW 3-phase 230V AC motor drive
AC Drive Model
Input Spec.
Output S pec.
Output Frequency Range
Serial Number & Bar Code
MODEL : VFD007EL23A
INPUT :3PH 200-240V 50/60Hz 5.1A
OUTPUT :3PH 0-240V 4.2A 1.6kVA 0.75kW/1HP
FREQUENCY RANGE : 0.1~600Hz
007EL23A0T7140001
Software Version
00.92
1.1.2 Model Explanation
VFD 007 EL 23 A
Version Type A: Standard drive
Mains Input Voltage
11:115 V 1- phase
21: 230V 1- phase
43:460 V 3- phase
23:230 V 3- phase
VFD-EL Series
Applicable motor capacity
002: 0.25 HP(0.2kW) 015: 2 HP(1.5kW)
004: 0.5 HP(0.4kW)
022: 3 HP(2.2kW)
037: 5 HP(3.7kW)
Series Name ( V ariable F requency D rive)
1-2
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Chapter 1 Introduction|
1.1.3 Series Number Explanation
007EL23A 0T 7 01
230V 3-phase 1HP(0.75kW)
Production number
Production week
Production year 2007
Production factory
T: Taoyuan, W: Wujiang
Model
If the nameplate information does not correspond to your purchase order or if there are
any problems, please contact your distributor.
1.1.4 Drive Frames and Appearances
0.25-2HP/0.2-1.5kW (Frame A)
1-5HP/0.75-3.7kW (Frame B)
Input terminals
(R/L1, S/L2, T/L3)
Input terminals cover
(R/L1, S/L2, T/L3)
Digital keypad
Digital keypad
Case body
Control board cover
Control board cover
Output terminals
(U/T1, V/T2, W/T3)
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Output terminals cover
(U/T1, V/T2, W/T3)
1-3
Chapter 1 Introduction|
Internal Structure
Digital keypad
NPN/PNP
ACI/AVI
RS485 port (RJ-45)
RFI Jumper Location
at the right side
NOTE
RFI jumper is near the input terminals as shown in the above figure and can be removed by taking
off screws.
Frame
Power range
Models
VFD002EL11A/21A/23A,
A
0.25-2hp (0.2-1.5kW)
VFD004EL11A/21A/23A/43A,
VFD007EL21A/23A/43A, VFD015EL23A/43A
B
1-4
1-5hp (0.75-3.7kW)
VFD007EL11A, VFD015EL21A,
VFD022EL21A/23A/43A, VFD037EL23A/43A
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Chapter 1 Introduction|
RFI Jumper
RFI Jumper: The AC motor drive may emit the electrical noise. The RFI jumper is used to suppress
the interference (Radio Frequency Interference) on the power line.
Main power isolated from earth:
If the AC motor drive is supplied from an isolated power (IT power), the RFI jumper must be cut off.
Then the RFI capacities (filter capacitors) will be disconnected from ground to prevent circuit damage
(according to IEC 61800-3) and reduce earth leakage current.
CAUTION!
1.
After applying power to the AC motor drive, do not cut off the RFI jumper. Therefore,
please make sure that main power has been switched off before cutting the RFI jumper.
2.
The gap discharge may occur when the transient voltage is higher than 1,000V. Besides,
electro-magnetic compatibility of the AC motor drives will be lower after cutting the RFI
jumper.
3.
Do NOT cut the RFI jumper when main power is connected to earth.
4.
The RFI jumper cannot be cut when Hi-pot tests are performed. The mains power and
motor must be separated if high voltage test is performed and the leakage currents are
too high.
5.
To prevent drive damage, the RFI jumper connected to ground shall be cut off if the AC
motor drive is installed on an ungrounded power system or a high resistance-grounded
(over 30 ohms) power system or a corner grounded TN system.
1.1.5 Remove Instructions
Remove Fan
Remove Front Cover
Step 1
Step 2
1.2 Preparation for Installation and Wiring
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Chapter 1 Introduction|
1.2.1 Ambient Conditions
Install the AC motor drive in an environment with the following conditions:
-10 ~ +50°C (14 ~ 122°F) for UL & cUL
Air Temperature:
-10 ~ +40°C (14 ~ 104°F) for side-by-side mounting
Relative Humidity:
Operation
<90%, no condensation allowed
Atmosphere
pressure:
Installation Site
Altitude:
86 ~ 106 kPa
<1000m
Vibration:
<20Hz: 9.80 m/s2 (1G) max
20 ~ 50Hz: 5.88 m/s2 (0.6G) max
Temperature:
-20°C ~ +60°C (-4°F ~ 140°F)
Relative Humidity:
<90%, no condensation allowed
Vibration:
<20Hz: 9.80 m/s2 (1G) max
20 ~ 50Hz: 5.88 m/s2 (0.6G) max
Storage
Transportation Atmosphere
pressure:
Pollution
Degree
86 ~ 106 kPa
2: good for a factory type environment.
Minimum Mounting Clearances
Frame A Mounting Clearances
Option 1 (-10 to +50°C)
Option 2 (-10 to +40°C)
Air flow
120mm
120mm
50mm
50mm
50mm
50mm
Air Flow
120mm
1-6
120mm
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Chapter 1 Introduction|
Frame B Mounting Clearances
Option 1 (-10 to +50°C)
Option 2 (-10 to +40°C)
150mm
150mm
50mm
Air Flow
50mm
50mm
50mm
Air flow
150mm
150mm
CAUTION!
1.
Operating, storing or transporting the AC motor drive outside these conditions may cause
damage to the AC motor drive.
2.
3.
Failure to observe these precautions may void the warranty!
Mount the AC motor drive vertically on a flat vertical surface object by screws. Other directions
are not allowed.
4.
The AC motor drive will generate heat during operation. Allow sufficient space around the unit
for heat dissipation.
5.
The heat sink temperature may rise to 90°C when running. The material on which the AC motor
drive is mounted must be noncombustible and be able to withstand this high temperature.
6.
When AC motor drive is installed in a confined space (e.g. cabinet), the surrounding
temperature must be within 10 ~ 40°C with good ventilation. DO NOT install the AC motor drive
in a space with bad ventilation.
7.
Prevent fiber particles, scraps of paper, saw dust, metal particles, etc. from adhering to the
heatsink.
8.
When installing multiple AC more drives in the same cabinet, they should be adjacent in a row
with enough space in-between. When installing one AC motor drive below another one, use a
metal separation between the AC motor drives to prevent mutual heating.
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1-7
Chapter 1 Introduction|
Installation with Metal Separation
120mm
150mm
Installation without Metal Separation
120mm
150mm
B
A
120mm
120mm
120mm
Frame A
150mm
Air flow
150mm
A
B
120mm
150mm
150mm
Frame B
Frame A
Frame B
1.2.2 DC-bus Sharing: Connecting the DC-bus of the AC Motor Drives
in Parallel
1.
2.
This function is not for 115V models.
The AC motor drives can absorb mutual voltage that generated to DC bus when
deceleration.
1-8
3.
Enhance brake function and stabilize the voltage of the DC bus.
4.
The brake module can be added to enhance brake function after connecting in parallel.
5.
Only the same power system can be connected in parallel.
6.
It is recommended to connect 5 AC motor drives in parallel (no limit in horsepower).
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 1 Introduction|
power should be applied at the same time
(only the same power system can be connected in parallel)
Power 208/220/230/380/440/480 (depend on models)
U V W
U V W
U V W
U V W
IM
IM
IM
IM
Braking
modules
For frame A and B, terminal + (-) is connected to the terminal + (-) of the braking module.
1.3 Dimensions
(Dimensions are in millimeter and [inch])
W
W1
D
H H1
D
Frame
W
W1
H
H1
D
Ø
ØD
A
72.0[2.83] 59.0[2.32] 174.0[6.86] 151.6[5.97] 136.0[5.36] 5.4[0.21]
2.7[0.11]
B
100.0[3.94] 89.0[3.50] 174.0[6.86] 162.9[6.42] 136.0[5.36] 5.4[0.21]
2.7[0.11]
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Chapter 1 Introduction|
NOTE
Frame A: VFD002EL11A/21A/23A, VFD004EL11A/21A/23A/43A, VFD007EL21A/23A/43A,
VFD015EL23A/43A
Frame B: VFD007EL11A, VFD015EL21A, VFD022EL21A/23A/43A, VFD037EL23A/43A
1-10
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring
After removing the front cover, check if the power and control terminals are clear. Be sure to observe
the following precautions when wiring.
„
General Wiring Information
Applicable Codes
All VFD-EL series are Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL) and Canadian Underwriters
Laboratories (cUL) listed, and therefore comply with the requirements of the National
Electrical Code (NEC) and the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC).
Installation intended to meet the UL and cUL requirements must follow the instructions
provided in “Wiring Notes” as a minimum standard. Follow all local codes that exceed UL
and cUL requirements. Refer to the technical data label affixed to the AC motor drive and
the motor nameplate for electrical data.
The "Line Fuse Specification" in Appendix B, lists the recommended fuse part number for
each VFD-EL Series part number. These fuses (or equivalent) must be used on all
installations where compliance with U.L. standards is a required.
CAUTION!
1.
Make sure that power is only applied to the R/L1, S/L2, T/L3 terminals. Failure to comply may
result in damage to the equipment. The voltage and current should lie within the range as
indicated on the nameplate.
2.
All the units must be grounded directly to a common ground terminal to prevent lightning strike
or electric shock.
3.
Please make sure to fasten the screw of the main circuit terminals to prevent sparks which is
made by the loose screws due to vibration.
4.
Check following items after finishing the wiring:
A. Are all connections correct?
B. No loose wires?
C. No short-circuits between terminals or to ground?
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2-1
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
DANGER!
1.
A charge may still remain in the DC bus capacitors with hazardous voltages even if the power
has been turned off. To prevent personal injury, please ensure that the power is turned off and
wait ten minutes for the capacitors to discharge to safe voltage levels before opening the AC
motor drive.
2.
Only qualified personnel familiar with AC motor drives is allowed to perform installation, wiring
and commissioning.
3.
Make sure that the power is off before doing any wiring to prevent electric shock.
2.1 Wiring
Users must connect wires according to the circuit diagrams on the following pages. Do not plug a
modem or telephone line to the RS-485 communication port or permanent damage may result. The
pins 1 & 2 are the power supply for the optional copy keypad only and should not be used for RS-485
communication.
2-2
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
Figure 1 for models of VFD-EL Series
VFD002EL11A/21A, VFD004EL11A/21A, VFD007EL11A/21A, VFD015EL21A, VFD022EL21A
BR
BUE
brake resi stor
(opti onal)
brake unit
( optional)
F us e/NF B(N o F use B reaker)
+
R(L1)
S(L2)
R(L1)
S(L2)
Recommended Circui t
when power s uppl y
is turned O FF by a
fault output
If the fault occ ur s, the
contact will be O N to
turn off the power and
protect the power sys tem.
MC
OF F
ON
RA
RC
RB
+24V
NPN
Sw1
REV/Stop
F ac tor y
setting
PNP
Multi-s tep 1
Multi-s tep 2
Multi-s tep 3
Please refer to F ig ur e 3
fo r w irin g of NPN
m od e an d PNP
m od e.
Multi-s tep 4
Digital Si gnal Common
IM
3~
V(T2)
E
RB
MC
F WD/Stop
F act ory set tin g:
NPN Mo de
Motor
W(T 3)
E
SA
U(T1)
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
RC
AFM
DCM
E
Multi-function c ontact output
R efer to c hapter 2.4 for details .
F ac tor y setting is
malfunction indication
Analog Multi- func tion Output
Ter minal
Refer to c hapter 2.4 for details .
ACM
E
Analog S ignal common
F ac tor y setting: output frequency
F act ory set tin g:
AVI Mo de
AVI
Sw 2
+10V
3
5K
2
1
AC I
Power supply
+10V/3mA
ACM
Analog S ignal Common
Main c irc ui t (power) terminals
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
RS-485
AVI/ACI
Master Fr equency
0- 10V 47K
/4-20mA
E
8
Seri al interface
1: Reserv ed
2: EV
3: G ND
4: SG 1 5: SG +
6: Reserv ed
7: Reserv ed
8: Reserv ed
Contr ol c ircuit ter minals
Shielded l eads & Cable
2-3
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
Figure 2 for models of VFD-EL Series
VFD002EL23A, VFD004EL23A/43A, VFD007EL23A/43A, VFD015EL23A/43A,
VFD022EL23A/43A, VFD037EL23A/43A
BR brake resi stor
(opti onal)
BUE
F us e/NF B(No F use B reaker)
R(L1)
S(L2)
T( L3)
Recommended Circui t
when power suppl y
SA
is turned O FF by a
MC
fault output.
If the fault occ ur s, the
ON
OF F
contact will be O N to
MC
turn off the power and protect the power sys tem.
F WD/Stop
F ac tor y setting:
NPN Mode
NPN
Sw1
R EV/Stop
F ac tor y
setting
PNP
Multi-s tep 1
Multi-s tep 2
Multi-s tep 3
Please refer to Figur e 3
for wir ing of NPN
mode and P NP
mode.
Multi-s tep 4
Digital Si gnal Common
brake unit
( optional)
+
R(L1)
S( L2)
T(L3)
E
RB
-
Motor
U(T 1)
IM
3~
V(T2)
W(T 3)
E
RA
RC
Multi-function c ontact output
Refer to c hapter 2.4 for details .
F ac tor y setting is
malfunction indication
RB
+24V
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
DCM
E
RC
AFM
ACM
Analog Multi- func tion Output
T er minal
R efer to c hapter 2.4 for details .
Analog S ignal common
E
F ac tor y setting: output frequency
F ac tor y setting:
AVI Mode
AVI
Sw2
ACI
3
5K
2
1
+10V
Power supply
+10V/3mA
Master Fr equency
0-10V 47K
/4-20mA
ACM
Analog S ignal Common
Main c irc ui t (power) terminals
2-4
RS-485
AVI/ACI
E
8
Seri al interface
1: Reserv ed
2: EV
3: G ND
4: SG 5: SG +
1 6: Reserv ed
7: Reserv ed
8: Reserv ed
Contr ol c ircuit ter minals
Shielded l eads & Cable
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
Figure 3 Wiring for NPN mode and PNP mode
A. NPN mode without external power
NPN
PNP
Factory
setting
B. NPN mode with external power
NPN
PNP
24
Vdc
+
-
Factory
setting
C. PNP mode without external power
NPN
Sw1
PNP
Factory
setting
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
D. PNP mode with external power
NPN
Sw1
PNP
Factory
setting
+
24
Vdc
-
CAUTION!
1.
2.
The wiring of main circuit and control circuit should be separated to prevent erroneous actions.
Please use shield wire for the control wiring and not to expose the peeled-off net in front of the
terminal.
3.
Please use the shield wire or tube for the power wiring and ground the two ends of the shield
wire or tube.
4.
Damaged insulation of wiring may cause personal injury or damage to circuits/equipment if it
comes in contact with high voltage.
5.
The AC motor drive, motor and wiring may cause interference. To prevent the equipment
damage, please take care of the erroneous actions of the surrounding sensors and the
equipment.
6.
When the AC drive output terminals U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3 are connected to the motor terminals
U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3, respectively. To permanently reverse the direction of motor rotation,
switch over any of the two motor leads.
7.
With long motor cables, high capacitive switching current peaks can cause over-current, high
leakage current or lower current readout accuracy. To prevent this, the motor cable should be
less than 20m for 3.7kW models and below. And the cable should be less than 50m for 5.5kW
models and above. For longer motor cables use an AC output reactor.
8.
The AC motor drive, electric welding machine and the greater horsepower motor should be
grounded separately.
9.
10.
Use ground leads that comply with local regulations and keep them as short as possible.
No brake resistor is built in the VFD-EL series, it can install brake resistor for those occasions
that use higher load inertia or frequent start/stop. Refer to Appendix B for details.
11.
Multiple VFD-EL units can be installed in one location. All the units should be grounded directly
to a common ground terminal, as shown in the figure below. Ensure there are no ground
loops.
2-6
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
Excellent
Good
Not allowed
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
2.2 External Wiring
Items
Power Supply
Power
supply
FUSE/NFB
Fuse/NFB
(Optional)
There may be an inrush current
during power up. Please check the
chart of Appendix B and select the
correct fuse with rated current. Use of
an NFB is optional.
Magnetic
contactor
Magnetic
contactor
(Optional)
Please do not use a Magnetic
contactor as the I/O switch of the AC
motor drive, as it will reduce the
operating life cycle of the AC drive.
Input AC
Line Reactor
Zero-phase
Reactor
T/L3
BU E
+
U/T1
V/T2
BR
S/L2
Brak unit
Brake resistor
EMI Filter
R/L1
Output AC
Line Reactor
2-8
Used to improve the input power
factor, to reduce harmonics and
provide protection from AC line
disturbances. (surges, switching
spikes, short interruptions, etc.). AC
Input AC
Line Reactor line reactor should be installed when
the power supply capacity is 500kVA
(Optional)
or more or advanced capacity is
activated. The wiring distance should
be ≤ 10m. Refer to appendix B for
details.
Zero phase reactors are used to
reduce radio noise especially when
Zero-phase
audio equipment is installed near the
Reactor
inverter. Effective for noise reduction
(Ferrite Core
on both the input and output sides.
Common
Attenuation quality is good for a wide
Choke)
range from AM band to 10MHz.
(Optional)
Appendix B specifies the zero phase
reactor. (RF220X00A)
W/T3
Zero-phase
Reactor
Motor
Explanations
Please follow the specific power
supply requirements shown in
Appendix A.
EMI filter
It is used to reduce electromagnetic
interference. All 230V and 460V
models are built-in EMI filter.
Brake
Resistor and
Brake Unit
(Optional)
Used to reduce the deceleration time
of the motor. Please refer to the chart
in Appendix B for specific Brake
Resistors.
Motor surge voltage amplitude
Output AC
depends on motor cable length. For
Line Reactor
applications with long motor cable
(Optional)
(>20m), it is necessary to install a
reactor at the inverter output side
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
2.3 Main Circuit
2.3.1 Main Circuit Connection
B ra ke Re sisto r( Op tio na l)
BR
B ra ke Un it
( Op tio na l)
BUE
No fuse br eaker
( NF B)
MC
R
S
T
R (L1 )
S(L2 )
T(L 3)
E
Terminal Symbol
-
+
U (T 1)
Motor
V(T2 )
W(T3 )
IM
3~
E
Explanation of Terminal Function
R/L1, S/L2, T/L3
AC line input terminals (1-phase/3-phase)
U/T1, V/T2, W/T3
AC drive output terminals for connecting 3-phase induction motor
+, -
Connections for External Brake unit (BUE series)
Earth connection, please comply with local regulations.
CAUTION!
Mains power terminals (R/L1, S/L2, T/L3)
„
Connect these terminals (R/L1, S/L2, T/L3) via a non-fuse breaker or earth leakage
breaker to 3-phase AC power (some models to 1-phase AC power) for circuit protection. It
is unnecessary to consider phase-sequence.
„
It is recommended to add a magnetic contactor (MC) in the power input wiring to cut off
power quickly and reduce malfunction when activating the protection function of AC motor
drives. Both ends of the MC should have an R-C surge absorber.
„
Please make sure to fasten the screw of the main circuit terminals to prevent sparks
which is made by the loose screws due to vibration.
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
„
Please use voltage and current within the regulation shown in Appendix A.
„
When using a GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter), select a current sensor with
sensitivity of 200mA, and not less than 0.1-second detection time to avoid nuisance
tripping. For specific GFCI of the AC motor drive, please select a current sensor with
sensitivity of 30mA or above.
„
Do NOT run/stop AC motor drives by turning the power ON/OFF. Run/stop AC motor
drives by RUN/STOP command via control terminals or keypad. If you still need to
run/stop AC drives by turning power ON/OFF, it is recommended to do so only ONCE per
hour.
„
Do NOT connect 3-phase models to a 1-phase power source.
Output terminals for main circuit (U, V, W)
„
The factory setting of the operation direction is forward running. The method to control the
operation direction is to set by the communication parameters. Please refer to the group 9
for details.
„
When it needs to install the filter at the output side of terminals U/T1, V/T2, W/T3 on the
AC motor drive. Please use inductance filter. Do not use phase-compensation capacitors
or L-C (Inductance-Capacitance) or R-C (Resistance-Capacitance), unless approved by
Delta.
„
DO NOT connect phase-compensation capacitors or surge absorbers at the output
„
Use well-insulated motor, suitable for inverter operation.
terminals of AC motor drives.
Terminals [+, -] for connecting brake resistor
„
All VFD-EL series don’t have a built-in brake chopper. Please connect an external
optional brake unit (BUE-series) and brake resistor. Refer to BUE series user manual for
details.
„
2-10
When not used, please leave the terminals [+, -] open.
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2.3.2 Main Circuit Terminals
Frame A
Frame
Power Terminals
R/L1, S/L2, T/L3
A
U/T1, V/T2, W/T3,
Frame B
Torque
Wire
Wire type
14.2-16.3kgf-cm
12-18 AWG.
(3.3-0.8mm2)
Copper only, 75oC
(12-14in-lbf)
R/L1, S/L2, T/L3
U/T1, V/T2, W/T3
B
16.3-19.3kgf-cm 8-18 AWG. (8.40.8mm2)
(14-17in-lbf)
Copper only, 75oC
+, -,
NOTE
Frame A: VFD002EL11A/21A/23A, VFD004EL11A/21A/23A/43A, VFD007EL21A/23A/43A,
VFD015EL23A/43A
Frame B: VFD007EL11A, VFD015EL21A, VFD022EL21A/23A/43A, VFD037EL23A/43A
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2.4 Control Terminals
Circuit diagram for digital inputs (NPN current 16mA.)
NPN Mode +24V
PNP Mode +24V
1
1
4
2
2
3
2
4
3
2
1
1
DCM
The position of the control terminals
DCM
24V MI1 MI3 MI5 10V AVI
RS-485
RA
RB RC
MI2 MI4 MI6 DCM AFM ACM
Terminal symbols and functions
Terminal
Symbol
2-12
Factory Settings (NPN mode)
Terminal Function
MI1
Forward-Stop command
MI2
Reverse-Stop command
MI3
Multi-function Input 3
MI4
Multi-function Input 4
ON: Connect to DCM
ON:
Run in MI1 direction
OFF:
Stop acc. to Stop Method
ON:
Run in MI2 direction
OFF:
Stop acc. to Stop Method
Refer to Pr.04.05 to Pr.04.08 for programming the
Multi-function Inputs.
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
Terminal
Symbol
Factory Settings (NPN mode)
Terminal Function
MI5
Multi-function Input 5
MI6
Multi-function Input 6
ON: Connect to DCM
ON: the activation current is 5.5mA.
OFF: leakage current tolerance is 10μA.
+24V
DC Voltage Source
+24VDC, 50mA used for PNP mode.
DCM
Digital Signal Common
Common for digital inputs and used for NPN
mode.
RA
Multi-function Relay output
(N.O.) a
RB
Multi-function Relay output
(N.C.) b
Resistive Load:
5A(N.O.)/3A(N.C.) 240VAC
5A(N.O.)/3A(N.C.) 24VDC
RC
Multi-function Relay common
+10V
Potentiometer power supply
Analog voltage Input
+10V
AVI
AVI circuit
1.5A(N.O.)/0.5A(N.C.) 240VAC
1.5A(N.O.)/0.5A(N.C.) 24VDC
Refer to Pr.03.00 for programming
+10VDC 3mA
Impedance:
47kΩ
Resolution:
10 bits
Range:
0 ~ 10VDC/4~20mA =
AVI
0 ~ Max. Output Frequency
(Pr.01.00)
ACM
internal circuit
ACM
Inductive Load:
Analog control signal
(common)
Selection:
Pr.02.00, Pr.02.09, Pr.10.00
Set-up:
Pr.04.14 ~ Pr.04.17
Common for AVI= and AFM
0 to 10V, 2mA
Impedance:
47Ω
Analog output meter
Output current
2mA max
ACM circuit
Resolution:
8 bits
Range:
0 ~ 10VDC
Function:
Pr.03.03 to Pr.03.04
AFM
AFM
0~10V
potentiometer
Max. 2mA
NOTE
internal circuit
ACM
The voltage output type for this analog signal is
PWM. It needs to read value by the movable coil
meter and is not suitable for A/D signal conversion.
NOTE: Control signal wiring size: 18 AWG (0.75 mm2) with shielded wire.
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
Analog inputs (AVI, ACM)
Analog input signals are easily affected by external noise. Use shielded wiring and keep it
„
as short as possible (<20m) with proper grounding. If the noise is inductive, connecting
the shield to terminal ACM can bring improvement.
If the analog input signals are affected by noise from the AC motor drive, please connect
„
a capacitor (0.1 μ F and above) and ferrite core as indicated in the following diagrams:
AVI
C
ACM
ferrite core
wind each wires 3 times or more around the core
Digital inputs (MI1~MI6, DCM)
When using contacts or switches to control the digital inputs, please use high quality
„
components to avoid contact bounce.
General
„
Keep control wiring as far away as possible from the power wiring and in separate
„
The AC motor drive control wiring should be properly installed and not touch any live
conduits to avoid interference. If necessary let them cross only at 90º angle.
power wiring or terminals.
NOTE
„
If a filter is required for reducing EMI (Electro Magnetic Interference), install it as close as
possible to AC drive. EMI can also be reduced by lowering the Carrier Frequency.
DANGER!
Damaged insulation of wiring may cause personal injury or damage to circuits/equipment if it comes
in contact with high voltage.
2-14
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Chapter 2 Installation and Wiring|
The specification for the control terminals
The position of the control terminals
24V MI1 MI3 MI5 10V AVI
RS-485
RA
RB RC
MI2 MI4 MI6 DCM AFM ACM
Frame
Torque
Wire
A, B
5.1-8.1kgf-cm (4.4-7in-lbf)
16-24 AWG. (1.3-0.2mm2)
NOTE
Frame A: VFD002EL11A/21A/23A, VFD004EL11A/21A/23A/43A, VFD007EL21A/23A/43A,
VFD015EL23A/43A
Frame B: VFD007EL11A, VFD015EL21A, VFD022EL21A/23A/43A, VFD037EL23A/43A
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2-16
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Chapter 3 Keypad and Start Up
3.1 Description of the Digital Keypad
1
3
2
4
5
6
7
1 Status Display
Display the driver's current status.
2
LED Display
Indicates frequency, voltage, current, user
defined units and etc.
3
4
Potentiometer
For master Frequency setting.
5 UP and DOWN Key
Set the parameter number and changes the
numerical data, such as Master Frequency.
6 MODE
Change between different display mode.
7 STOP/RESET
Stops AC drive operation and reset the drive
after fault occurred.
RUN Key
Start AC drive operation.
There are four LEDs on the keypad:
LED STOP: It will light up when the motor is stop.
LED RUN: It will light up when the motor is running.
LED FWD: It will light up when the motor is forward running.
LED REV: It will light up when the motor is reverse running.
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Chapter 3 Keypad and Start Up|
Display Message
Descriptions
Displays the AC drive Master Frequency.
Displays the actual output frequency at terminals U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3.
User defined unit (where U = F x Pr.00.05)
Displays the output current at terminals U/T1, V/T2, and W/T3.
Displays the AC motor drive forward run status.
Displays the AC motor drive reverse run status.
The counter value (C).
Displays the selected parameter.
Displays the actual stored value of the selected parameter.
External Fault.
Display “End” for approximately 1 second if input has been accepted.
After a parameter value has been set, the new value is automatically
stored in memory. To modify an entry, use the
and
keys.
Display “Err”, if the input is invalid.
3-2
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Chapter 3 Keypad and Start Up|
3.2 How to Operate the Digital Keypad
Setting Mode
S TART
MO DE
MO DE
MO DE
MO DE
MO DE
GO START
NOTE: In the selection mode, press
MO DE
to set the parameters.
Setting parameters
or
ENTER
ENTER
ENTER
Success to
set parameter.
NOTE:In the parameter setting mode, you can press
MO DE
Input data error
to return the selecting mode.
To shift data
Setting direction (When operation source is digital keypad)
MO DE
MO DE
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MO DE
MO DE
or
3-3
Chapter 3 Keypad and Start Up|
3.3 Reference Table for the 7-segment LED Display of the Digital Keypad
Digit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
b
Cc
d
E
F
G
Hh
Ii
Jj
K
L
n
Oo
P
q
r
S
Tt
U
v
Y
Z
LED
Display
English
alphabet
LED
Display
English
alphabet
LED
Display
English
alphabet
LED
Display
3.4 Operation Method
The operation method can be set via communication, control terminals and digital keypad.
3-4
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Chapter 3 Keypad and Start Up|
Operation
Method
Frequency Source
Operation Command Source
Operate from When setting communication by the PC, it needs to use VFD-USB01 or IFD8500
converter to connect to the PC.
the
communication Refer to the communication address 2000H and 2101H setting for details.
+24V
FWD/Stop
Factory setting:
NPN Mode
NPN
REV/Stop
Factory
setting
Sw1
PNP
Multi-step 1
Multi-step 2
Multi-step 3
Multi-step 4
Digital Signal Common
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
DCM
E
* Don't apply the mains voltage directly
to above terminals.
Operate from
external signal
Factory setting:
ACI Mode
AVI
Sw2
5K
+10V
Power supply
+10V 3mA
3
AVI
2
Master Frequency
0 to 10V 47K
1
ACI/AVI
ACI
4-20mA/0-10V
ACM
Analog Signal Common
E
External terminals input:
MI3-DCM (Set Pr.04.05=10)
MI1-DCM (set to FWD/STOP)
MI4-DCM (Set Pr.04.06=11)
MI2-DCM (set to REV/STOP)
Operate from
the digital
keypad
3.5 Trial Run
You can perform a trial run by using digital keypad with the following steps. by following steps
1.
2.
Setting frequency to F5.0 by pressing
.
If you want to change direction from forward running to reverse running: 1. press MODE
key to find FWD. 2. press UP/DOWN key to REV to finish changing direction.
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3-5
Chapter 3 Keypad and Start Up|
1.
After applying the power, verify that LED
display shows F 60.0Hz.
key to set frequency to around
2.
Press
5Hz.
3.
Press
key for forward running. And if
you want to change to reverse running, you
should press
. And if you want to
RUN
decelerate to stop, please press
key.
4.
Check following items:
„
Check if the motor direction of rotation
„
Check if the motor runs steadily
„
Check if acceleration and deceleration
is correct.
without abnormal noise and vibration.
are smooth.
If the results of trial run are normal, please start the formal run.
NOTE
1.
Stop running immediately if any fault occurs and refer to the troubleshooting guide for
solving the problem.
2.
Do NOT touch output terminals U/T1, V/T2, W/T3 when power is still applied to R/L1,
S/L2, T/L3 even when the AC motor drive has stopped. The DC-link capacitors may still
be charged to hazardous voltage levels, even if the power has been turned off.
3.
To avoid damage to components, do not touch them or the circuit boards with metal
objects or your bare hands.
3-6
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Chapter 4 Parameters
The VFD-EL parameters are divided into 11 groups by property for easy setting. In most applications,
the user can finish all parameter settings before start-up without the need for re-adjustment during
operation.
The 11 groups are as follows:
Group 0: User Parameters
Group 1: Basic Parameters
Group 2: Operation Method Parameters
Group 3: Output Function Parameters
Group 4: Input Function Parameters
Group 5: Multi-Step Speed Parameters
Group 6: Protection Parameters
Group 7: Motor Parameters
Group 8: Special Parameters
Group 9: Communication Parameters
Group 10: PID Control Parameters
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4-1
Chapter 4 Parameters|
4.1 Summary of Parameter Settings
: The parameter can be set during operation.
Group 0 User Parameters
Factory
Customer
Setting
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
00.00
Identity Code of the
AC motor drive
Read-only
##
00.01
Rated Current
Display of the AC
motor drive
Read-only
#.#
0: Parameter can be read/written
1: All parameters are read only
8: Keypad lock
00.02
Parameter Reset
9: All parameters are reset to factory settings
(50Hz, 230V/400V or 220V/380V depends on
Pr.00.12)
0
10: All parameters are reset to factory
settings (60Hz, 220V/440V)
0: Display the frequency command value
(Fxxx)
1: Display the actual output frequency (Hxxx)
00.03
Start-up Display
Selection
2: Display the content of user-defined unit
(Uxxx)
0
3: Multifunction display, see Pr.00.04
4: FWD/REV command
0: Display the content of user-defined unit
(Uxxx)
1: Display the counter value (c)
00.04
Content of Multifunction Display
2: Display the status of multi-function input
terminals (d)
0
3: Display DC-BUS voltage (u)
4: Display output voltage (E)
5: Display PID analog feedback signal value
(b) (%)
6: Output power factor angle (n)
4-2
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
7: Display output power (P)
8: Display PID setting and feedback signal
9: Display AVI (I) (V)
10: Display ACI (i) (mA)
11: Display the temperature of IGBT (h) (°C)
User-Defined
Coefficient K
0. 1 to 160.0
1.0
00.06
Software Version
Read-only
#.##
00.07
Reserved
00.08
Password Input
0 to 9999
0
00.09
Password Set
0 to 9999
0
00.10
Reserved
00.11
Reserved
00.12
50Hz Base Voltage
Selection
00.13
User-defined Value 1 0 to 9999
(correspond to max.
frequency)
00.14
Position of Decimal
Point of Userdefined Value 1
00.05
0: 230V/400V
0
1: 220V/380V
0
0 to 3
0
Group 1 Basic Parameters
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
01.00
Maximum Output
Frequency (Fmax)
50.00 to 600.0 Hz
60.00
01.01
Maximum Voltage
Frequency (Fbase)
0.10 to 600.0 Hz
60.00
01.02
Maximum Output
Voltage (Vmax)
01.03
115V/230V series: 0.1V to 255.0V
220.0
460V series: 0.1V to 510.0V
440.0
Mid-Point Frequency
(Fmid)
0.10 to 600.0 Hz
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1.50
4-3
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
115V/230V series: 0.1V to 255.0V
10.0
460V series: 0.1V to 510.0V
20.0
0.10 to 600.0 Hz
1.50
Minimum Output
Voltage (Vmin)
115V/230V series: 0.1V to 255.0V
10.0
460V series: 0.1V to 510.0V
20.0
01.07
Output Frequency
Upper Limit
0.1 to 120.0%
01.08
Output Frequency
Lower Limit
0.0 to100.0 %
01.09
Accel Time 1
0.1 to 600.0 / 0.01 to 600.0 sec
10.0
01.10
Decel Time 1
0.1 to 600.0 / 0.01 to 600.0 sec
10.0
01.11
Accel Time 2
0.1 to 600.0 / 0.01 to 600.0 sec
10.0
01.12
Decel Time 2
0.1 to 600.0 / 0.01 to 600.0 sec
10.0
01.13
Jog Acceleration
Time
0.1 to 600.0 / 0.01 to 600.0 sec
01.14
Jog Deceleration
Time
0.1 to 600.0 / 0.01 to 600.0 sec
01.15
Jog Frequency
01.04
Mid-Point Voltage
(Vmid)
01.05
Minimum Output
Frequency (Fmin)
01.06
110.0
0.0
1.0
1.0
0.10 Hz to Fmax (Pr.01.00) Hz
6.00
0: Linear Accel/Decel
01.16
Auto acceleration /
deceleration (refer
to Accel/Decel time
setting)
1: Auto Accel, Linear Decel
2: Linear Accel, Auto Decel
0
3: Auto Accel/Decel (Set by load)
4: Auto Accel/Decel (set by Accel/Decel
Time setting)
4-4
01.17
Acceleration SCurve
0.0 to 10.0 / 0.00 to 10.00 sec
0.0
01.18
Deceleration SCurve
0.0 to 10.0 / 0.00 to 10.00 sec
0.0
01.19
Accel/Decel Time
Unit
0: Unit: 0.1 sec
1: Unit: 0.01 sec
0
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Group 2 Operation Method Parameters
Parameter
02.00
Explanation
Source of First
Master Frequency
Command
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
0: Digital keypad UP/DOWN keys or Multifunction Inputs UP/DOWN. Last used
frequency saved.
1: 0 to +10V from AVI
1
2: 4 to 20mA from ACI
3: RS-485 (RJ-45) communication
4: Digital keypad potentiometer
0: Digital keypad
1: External terminals. Keypad STOP/RESET
enabled.
02.01
Source of First
Operation
Command
2: External terminals. Keypad STOP/RESET
disabled.
1
3: RS-485 (RJ-45) communication. Keypad
STOP/RESET enabled.
4: RS-485 (RJ-45) communication. Keypad
STOP/RESET disabled.
0: STOP: ramp to stop; E.F.: coast to stop
02.02
Stop Method
1: STOP: coast to stop; E.F.: coast to stop
2: STOP: ramp to stop; E.F.: ramp to stop
0
3: STOP: coast to stop; E.F.: ramp to stop
02.03
PWM Carrier
Frequency
Selections
02.04
Motor Direction
Control
2 to 12kHz
8
0: Enable forward/reverse operation
1: Disable reverse operation
0
2: Disabled forward operation
02.05
Line Start Lockout
0: Disable. Operation status is not changed
even if operation command source Pr.02.01
is changed.
1
1: Enable. Operation status is not changed
even if operation command source Pr.02.01
is changed.
2: Disable. Operation status will change if
operation command source Pr.02.01 is
changed.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
4-5
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
3: Enable. Operation status will change if
operation command source Pr.02.01 is
changed.
0: Decelerate to 0 Hz
02.06
Loss of ACI Signal
(4-20mA)
1: Coast to stop and display “AErr”
1
2: Continue operation by last frequency
command
0: by UP/DOWN Key
02.07
Up/Down Mode
02.08
Accel/Decel Rate of
Change of
UP/DOWN
Operation with
Constant Speed
1: Based on accel/decel time
0
2: Constant speed (Pr.02.08)
3: Pulse input unit (Pr.02.08)
02.09
Source of Second
Frequency
Command
0.01~10.00 Hz
0.01
0: Digital keypad UP/DOWN keys or Multifunction Inputs UP/DOWN. Last used
frequency saved.
1: 0 to +10V from AVI
0
2: 4 to 20mA from ACI
3: RS-485 (RJ-45) communication
4: Digital keypad potentiometer
02.10
Combination of the
First and Second
Master Frequency
Command
0: First Master Frequency Command
1: First Master Frequency Command+
Second Master Frequency Command
02.11
Keypad Frequency
Command
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Communication
Frequency
Command
0.00 to 600.0Hz
02.12
02.13
The Selections for
Saving Keypad or
Communication
Frequency
Command
0
2: First Master Frequency Command Second Master Frequency Command
60.00
60.00
0: Save Keypad & Communication
Frequency
1: Save Keypad Frequency only
0
2: Save Communication Frequency only
4-6
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
02.14
Explanation
Initial Frequency
Selection (for
keypad & RS485)
02.15
Initial Frequency
Setpoint (for keypad
& RS485)
02.16
Display the Master
Freq Command
Source
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
0: by Current Freq Command
1: by Zero Freq Command
0
2: by Frequency Display at Stop
0.00 ~ 600.0Hz
60.00
Read Only
Bit0=1: by First Freq Source (Pr.02.00)
Bit1=1: by Second Freq Source (Pr.02.09)
##
Bit2=1: by Multi-input function
Read Only
02.17
Display the
Operation
Command Source
Bit0=1: by Digital Keypad
Bit1=1: by RS485 communication
##
Bit2=1: by External Terminal 2/3 wire mode
Bit3=1: by Multi-input function
02.18
User-defined Value
2 Setting
0 to Pr.00.13
0
02.19
User-defined Value
2
0 to 9999
##
Group 3 Output Function Parameters
Parameter
Explanation
03.00
Multi-function
Output Relay (RA1,
RB1, RC1)
Settings
0: No function
Factory
Customer
Setting
8
1: AC drive operational
2: Master frequency attained
3: Zero speed
4: Over torque detection
5: Base-Block (B.B.) indication
6: Low-voltage indication
7: Operation mode indication
8: Fault indication
9: Desired frequency attained
10: Terminal count value attained
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
4-7
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
11: Preliminary count value attained
12: Over Voltage Stall supervision
13: Over Current Stall supervision
14: Heat sink overheat warning
15: Over Voltage supervision
16: PID supervision
17: Forward command
18: Reverse command
19: Zero speed output signal
20: Warning(FbE,Cexx, AoL2, AUE, SAvE)
21: Brake control (Desired frequency
attained)
22: AC motor drive ready
03.01
Reserved
03.02
Desired Frequency
Attained
0.00 to 600.0Hz
0.00
0: Analog frequency meter
03.03
Analog Output
Signal Selection
(AFM)
1: Analog current meter
03.04
Analog Output Gain
1 to 200%
100
Terminal Count
Value
0 to 9999
0
0 to 9999
0
0: Terminal count value attained, no EF
display
0
03.05
03.06
Preliminary Count
Value
03.07
EF Active When
Terminal Count
Value Attained
0
1: Terminal count value attained, EF active
0: Fan always ON
1: 1 minute after AC motor drive stops, fan
will be OFF
03.08
Fan Control
2: Fan ON when AC motor drive runs, fan
OFF when AC motor drive stops
0
3: Fan ON when preliminary heatsink
temperature attained
03.09
4-8
Reserved
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
03.10
Reserved
03.11
Brake Release
Frequency
0.00 to 20.00Hz
0.00
03.12
Brake Engage
Frequency
0.00 to 20.00Hz
0.00
03.13
Display the Status of
Read only
Relay
##
Group 4 Input Function Parameters
Parameter
Explanation
04.00
Keypad
Potentiometer Bias
04.01
Keypad
Potentiometer Bias
Polarity
04.02
Keypad
Potentiometer Gain
04.03
04.04
Keypad
Potentiometer
Negative Bias,
Reverse Motion
Enable/Disable
2-wire/3-wire
Operation Control
Modes
Settings
0.0 to 100.0 %
0: Positive bias
1: Negative bias
0.1 to 200.0 %
Factory
Customer
Setting
0.0
00
100.0
0: No negative bias command
0
1: Negative bias: REV motion enabled
0: 2-wire: FWD/STOP, REV/STOP
1: 2-wire: FWD/REV, RUN/STOP
0
2: 3-wire operation
04.05
Multi-function Input
Terminal (MI3)
0: No function
1
1: Multi-Step speed command 1
2: Multi-Step speed command 2
04.06
Multi-function Input
Terminal (MI4)
3: Multi-Step speed command 3
2
4: Multi-Step speed command 4
5: External reset
04.07
Multi-function Input
Terminal (MI5)
6: Accel/Decel inhibit
3
7: Accel/Decel time selection command
8: Jog Operation
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
4-9
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
04.08
Multi-function Input
Terminal (MI6)
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
9: External base block
4
10: Up: Increment master frequency
11: Down: Decrement master frequency
12: Counter Trigger Signal
13: Counter reset
14: E.F. External Fault Input
15: PID function disabled
16: Output shutoff stop
17: Parameter lock enable
18: Operation command selection (external
terminals)
19: Operation command selection(keypad)
20: Operation command
selection(communication)
21: FWD/REV command
22: Source of second frequency command
Bit0:MI1
Bit1:MI2
Bit2:MI3
04.09
Multi-function Input
Contact Selection
Bit3:MI4
0
Bit4:MI5
Bit5:MI6
0:N.O., 1:N.C.
P.S.:MI1 to MI3 will be invalid when it is 3wire control.
04.10
Digital Terminal
Input Debouncing
Time
1 to 20 (*2ms)
04.11
Min AVI Voltage
0.0 to 10.0V
04.12
Min AVI Frequency
0.0 to 100.0%
04.13
Max AVI Voltage
0.0 to 10.0V
10.0
04.14
Max AVI Frequency
0.0 to 100.0%
100.0
4-10
1
0.0
0.0
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
Min ACI Current
0.0 to 20.0mA
04.16
Min ACI Frequency
0.0 to 100.0%
04.17
Max ACI Current
0.0 to 20.0mA
20.0
04.18
Max ACI Frequency
0.0 to 100.0%
100.0
04.15
4.0
0.0
04.19
|
Reserved
04.25
Read only.
Bit0: MI1 Status
04.26
Display the Status
of Multi-function
Input Terminal
Bit1: MI2 Status
##
Bit2: MI3 Status
Bit3: MI4 Status
Bit4: MI5 Status
Bit5: MI6 Status
04.27
04.28
Internal/External
Multi-function Input
Terminals Selection
0~4095
0
Internal Terminal
Status
0~4095
0
Group 5 Multi-Step Speed Parameters
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
05.00
1st Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.01
2nd Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.02
3rd Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.03
4th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.04
5th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
4-11
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
05.05
6th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.06
7th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.07
8th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.08
9th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.09
10th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.10
11th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.11
12th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.12
13th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.13
14th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
05.14
15th Step Speed
Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
Group 6 Protection Parameters
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
115/230V series: 330.0V to 410.0V
390.0V
460V series: 660.0V to 820.0V
780.0V
06.00
Over-Voltage Stall
Prevention
06.01
Over-Current Stall
Prevention during
Accel
0:Disable
06.02
Over-Current Stall
Prevention during
Operation
0:Disable
Over-Torque
Detection Mode
(OL2)
0: Disabled
0.0: Disable over-voltage stall prevention
06.03
4-12
170
20 to 250%
170
20 to 250%
0
1: Enabled during constant speed operation.
After the over-torque is detected, keep
running until OL1 or OL occurs.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
2: Enabled during constant speed operation.
After the over-torque is detected, stop
running.
3: Enabled during accel. After the over-torque
is detected, keep running until OL1 or OL
occurs.
4: Enabled during accel. After the over-torque
is detected, stop running.
06.04
06.05
06.06
Over-Torque
Detection Level
10 to 200%
150
Over-Torque
Detection Time
0.1 to 60.0 sec
0.1
Electronic Thermal
Overload Relay
Selection
0: Standard motor (self cooled by fan)
1: Special motor (forced external cooling)
2
2: Disabled
06.07
Electronic Thermal
Characteristic
30 to 600 sec
60
0: No fault
0
1: Over current (oc)
06.08
Present Fault
Record
2: Over voltage (ov)
3: IGBT Overheat (oH1)
4: Reserved
5: Overload (oL)
6: Overload1 (oL1)
7: Motor over load (oL2)
06.09
Second Most
8: External fault (EF)
Recent Fault Record
9: Current exceeds 2 times rated current
during accel.(ocA)
10: Current exceeds 2 times rated current
during decel.(ocd)
11: Current exceeds 2 times rated current
during steady state operation (ocn)
12: Ground fault (GFF)
13: Reserved
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
4-13
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
14: Phase-Loss (PHL)
15: Reserved
16: Auto Acel/Decel failure (CFA)
06.10
Third Most Recent
Fault Record
17: SW/Password protection (codE)
18: Power Board CPU WRITE failure (cF1.0)
19: Power Board CPU READ failure (cF2.0)
20: CC, OC Hardware protection failure
(HPF1)
06.11
Fourth Most Recent
Fault Record
21: OV Hardware protection failure (HPF2)
22: GFF Hardware protection failure (HPF3)
23: OC Hardware protection failure (HPF4)
24: U-phase error (cF3.0)
06.12
Fifth Most Recent
Fault Record
25: V-phase error (cF3.1)
26: W-phase error (cF3.2)
27: DCBUS error (cF3.3)
28: IGBT Overheat (cF3.4)
29: Reserved
30: Reserved
31: Reserved
32: ACI signal error (AErr)
33: Reserved
34: Motor PTC overheat protection (PtC1)
35-40: Reserved
Group 7 Motor Parameters
Parameter
4-14
Explanation
Settings
07.00
Motor Rated Current 30 %FLA to 120% FLA
07.01
Motor No-Load
Current
0%FLA to 99% FLA
Factory
Customer
Setting
FLA
0.4*FLA
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
Factory
Customer
Setting
07.02
Torque
Compensation
0.0 to 10.0
0.0
07.03
Slip Compensation
0.00 to 10.00
0.00
07.04
|
Reserved
07.09
07.10
Accumulative Motor
Operation Time
(Min.)
0 to 1439 Min.
0
07.11
Accumulative Motor
Operation Time
(Day)
0 to 65535 Day
0
07.12
Motor PTC
Overheat Protection
07.13
Input Debouncing
Time of the PTC
Protection
0~9999(*2ms)
100
07.14
Motor PTC
Overheat Protection
Level
0.1~10.0V
2.4
07.15
Motor PTC
Overheat Warning
Level
0.1~10.0V
1.2
07.16
Motor PTC
Overheat Reset
Delta Level
0.1~5.0V
0.6
07.17
Treatment of the
Motor PTC
Overheat
0: Disable
0
1: Enable
0: Warn and RAMP to stop
1: Warn and COAST to stop
0
2: Warn and keep running
Group 8 Special Parameters
Parameter
Explanation
Settings
08.00
DC Brake Current
Level
0 to 100%
08.01
DC Brake Time
during Start-Up
0.0 to 60.0 sec
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Factory
Customer
Setting
0
0.0
4-15
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
08.02
DC Brake Time
during Stopping
0.0 to 60.0 sec
0.0
08.03
Start-Point for DC
Brake
0.00 to 600.0Hz
0.00
0: Operation stops after momentary power
loss
08.04
Momentary Power
Loss Operation
Selection
1: Operation continues after momentary
power loss, speed search starts with the
Master Frequency reference value
0
2: Operation continues after momentary
power loss, speed search starts with the
minimum frequency
08.05
Maximum Allowable
Power Loss Time
08.06
Base-block Speed
Search
0.1 to 5.0 sec
2.0
0: Disable speed search
1: Speed search starts with last frequency
command
1
2: Starts with minimum output frequency
08.07
B.B. Time for Speed
0.1 to 5.0 sec
Search
0.5
08.08
Current Limit for
Speed Search
30 to 200%
150
08.09
Skip Frequency 1
Upper Limit
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
08.10
Skip Frequency 1
Lower Limit
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
08.11
Skip Frequency 2
Upper Limit
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
08.12
Skip Frequency 2
Lower Limit
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
08.13
Skip Frequency 3
Upper Limit
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
08.14
Skip Frequency 3
Lower Limit
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
08.15
08.16
4-16
Auto Restart After
Fault
0 to 10 (0=disable)
Auto Reset Time at
Restart after Fault
0.1 to 6000 sec
0
60.0
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
08.17
Auto Energy Saving
Settings
0: Disable
Factory
Customer
Setting
0
1: Enable
0: AVR function enable
08.18
AVR Function
1: AVR function disable
2: AVR function disable for decel.
0
3: AVR function disable for stop
08.19
08.20
Reserved
0.0~5.0
Compensation
Coefficient for Motor
Instability
0.0
Group 9 Communication Parameters
Parameter
09.00
Explanation
Communication
Address
Settings
1 to 254
Factory
Customer
Setting
1
0: Baud rate 4800bps
09.01
Transmission Speed
1: Baud rate 9600bps
2: Baud rate 19200bps
1
3: Baud rate 38400bps
0: Warn and keep operating
09.02
Transmission Fault
Treatment
1: Warn and ramp to stop
2: Warn and coast to stop
3
3: No warning and keep operating
09.03
Time-out Detection
09.04
Communication
Protocol
0.1 ~ 120.0 seconds
0.0: Disable
0: 7,N,2 (Modbus, ASCII)
0.0
0
1: 7,E,1 (Modbus, ASCII)
2: 7,O,1 (Modbus, ASCII)
3: 8,N,2 (Modbus, RTU)
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
4-17
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
4: 8,E,1 (Modbus, RTU)
5: 8,O,1 (Modbus, RTU)
6: 8,N,1 (Modbus, RTU)
7: 8,E,2 (Modbus, RTU)
8: 8,O,2 (Modbus, RTU)
9: 7,N,1 (Modbus, ASCII)
10: 7,E,2 (Modbus, ASCII)
11: 7,O,2 (Modbus, ASCII)
09.05
Reserved
09.06
Reserved
09.07
Response Delay
Time
0 ~ 200 (unit: 2ms)
1
Group 10 PID Control Parameters
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
0: Disable PID operation
1: Keypad (based on Pr.02.00)
10.00
PID Set Point
Selection
0
2: 0 to +10V from AVI
3: 4 to 20mA from ACI
4: PID set point (Pr.10.11)
0: Positive PID feedback from external
terminal AVI (0 ~ +10VDC)
10.01
Input Terminal for
PID Feedback
1: Negative PID feedback from external
terminal AVI (0 ~ +10VDC)
2: Positive PID feedback from external
terminal ACI (4 ~ 20mA)
0
3: Negative PID feedback from external
terminal ACI (4 ~ 20mA)
4-18
10.02
Proportional Gain
(P)
0.0 to 10.0
1.0
10.03
Integral Time (I)
0.00 to 100.0 sec (0.00=disable)
1.00
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
10.04
Explanation
Derivative Control
(D)
Settings
0.00 to 1.00 sec
Factory
Customer
Setting
0.00
10.05
Upper Bound for
Integral Control
0 to 100%
100
10.06
Primary Delay Filter
Time
0.0 to 2.5 sec
0.0
10.07
PID Output Freq
Limit
0 to 110%
100
10.08
PID Feedback
Signal Detection
Time
0.0 to 3600 sec (0.0 disable)
60.0
10.09
Treatment of the
Erroneous PID
Feedback Signals
10.10
Gain Over the PID
Detection Value
10.11
Source of PID Set
point
0: Warn and RAMP to stop
1: Warn and COAST to stop
0
2: Warn and keep operation
0.0 to 10.0
0.00 to 600.0Hz
1.0
0.00
10.12
PID Feedback Level 1.0 to 50.0%
10.0
10.13
Detection Time of
PID Feedback
0.1 to 300.0 sec
5.0
10.14
Sleep/Wake Up
Detection Time
0.0 to 6550 sec
0.0
10.15
Sleep Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
0.00
0.00
10.16
Wakeup Frequency
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
10.17
Minimum PID
Output Frequency
Selection
0: By PID control
10.18
PID Control
Detection Signal
Reference
10.19
PID Calculation
Mode Selection
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
1: By minimum output frequency (Pr.01.05)
1.0 to 99.9
0: Series mode
1: Parallel mode
0
99.9
0
4-19
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Parameter
Explanation
Factory
Customer
Setting
Settings
0: Keep operating
10.20
Treatment of the
Erroneous PID
Feedback Level
1: Coast to stop
0
2: Ramp to stop
3: Ramp to stop and restart after time set in
Pr.10.21
Restart Delay Time
after Erroneous PID
Deviation Level
1 to 9999 sec
60
Set Point Deviation
Level
0 to 100%
0
Detection Time of
Set Point Deviation
Level
0 to 9999 sec
10
10.24
Offset Level of
Liquid Leakage
0 to 50%
0
10.25
Liquid Leakage
Change Detection
0 to 100% (0: disable)
0
10.26
Time Setting for
Liquid Leakage
Change
0.1 to 10.0 sec (0: disable)
10.21
10.22
10.23
0.5
10.27
|
Reserved
10.33
4-20
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
4.2 Parameter Settings for Applications
Speed Search
Applications
Windmill, winding
machine, fan and all
inertia loads
Purpose
Restart freerunning motor
Functions
Before the free-running motor is
completely stopped, it can be restarted
without detection of motor speed. The
AC motor drive will auto search motor
speed and will accelerate when its
speed is the same as the motor speed.
Related
Parameters
08.04~08.08
DC Brake before Running
Applications
Purpose
Keep the freeWhen e.g. windmills,
fans and pumps rotate running motor at
freely by wind or flow standstill.
without applying power
Functions
If the running direction of the freerunning motor is not steady, please
execute DC brake before start-up.
Related
Parameters
08.00
08.01
Energy Saving
Applications
Punching machines
fans, pumps and
precision machinery
Purpose
Energy saving and
less vibrations
Functions
Energy saving when the AC motor
drive runs at constant speed, yet full
power acceleration and deceleration
For precision machinery it also helps
to lower vibrations.
Related
Parameters
08.17
Multi-step Operation
Applications
Conveying machinery
Purpose
Functions
Cyclic operation by To control 15-step speeds and duration
multi-step speeds. by simple contact signals.
Related
Parameters
04.05~04.08
05.00~05.14
Switching acceleration and deceleration times
Applications
Auto turntable for
conveying machinery
Purpose
Functions
Switching
acceleration and
deceleration times
by external signal
When an AC motor drive drives two or
more motors, it can reach high-speed
but still start and stop smoothly.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Related
Parameters
01.09~01.12
04.05~04.08
4-21
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Overheat Warning
Applications
Air conditioner
Purpose
Safety measure
Related
Parameters
Functions
When AC motor drive overheats, it
uses a thermal sensor to have
overheat warning.
03.00
04.05~04.08
Two-wire/three-wire
Applications
General application
Purpose
To run, stop,
forward and
reverse by external
terminals
Related
Parameters
Functions
FWD/STOP
MI1:("OPEN":STOP)
("CLOSE":FWD)
REV/STOP
MI2:("OPEN": STOP)
("CLOSE": REV)
DCM
VFD-EL
RUN/STOP
MI1:("OPEN":STOP)
("CLOSE":RUN)
02.00
02.01
02.09
04.04
MI2:("OPEN": FWD)
("CLOSE": REV)
FWD/REV
DCM
VFD-EL
3-wire
STOP RUN
MI1 : ("CLOSE":RUN)
MI3:("OPEN":STOP)
REV/FWD
MI2:("OPEN": FWD)
("CLOSE": REV)
DCM
VFD-EL
Operation Command
Applications
General application
Purpose
Selecting the
source of control
signal
Functions
Related
Parameters
Selection of AC motor drive control by
external terminals, digital keypad or
RS485.
02.01
04.05~04.08
Functions
Related
Parameters
Frequency Hold
Applications
General application
4-22
Purpose
Acceleration/
Hold output frequency during
deceleration pause Acceleration/deceleration
04.05~04.08
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Auto Restart after Fault
Applications
Air conditioners,
remote pumps
Purpose
Functions
For continuous and
The AC motor drive can be
reliable operation
restarted/reset automatically up to 10
without operator
times after a fault occurs.
intervention
Related
Parameters
08.15~08.16
Emergency Stop by DC Brake
Applications
High-speed rotors
Purpose
Emergency stop
without brake
resistor
Functions
AC motor drive can use DC brake for
emergency stop when quick stop is
needed without brake resistor. When
used often, take motor cooling into
consideration.
Related
Parameters
08.00
08.02
08.03
Over-torque Setting
Applications
Pumps, fans and
extruders
Purpose
To protect
machines and to
have continuous/
reliable operation
Functions
The over-torque detection level can be
set. Once OC stall, OV stall and overtorque occurs, the output frequency
will be adjusted automatically. It is
suitable for machines like fans and
pumps that require continuous
operation.
Related
Parameters
06.00~06.05
Upper/Lower Limit Frequency
Applications
Pump and fan
Purpose
Control the motor
speed within
upper/lower limit
Functions
When user cannot provide
upper/lower limit, gain or bias from
external signal, it can be set
individually in AC motor drive.
Related
Parameters
01.07
01.08
Skip Frequency Setting
Applications
Pumps and fans
Purpose
To prevent
machine vibrations
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Functions
The AC motor drive cannot run at
constant speed in the skip frequency
range. Three skip frequency ranges
can be set.
Related
Parameters
08.09~08.14
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Carrier Frequency Setting
Applications
General application
Purpose
Low noise
Related
Parameters
Functions
The carrier frequency can be
increased when required to reduce
motor noise.
02.03
Keep Running when Frequency Command is Lost
Applications
Air conditioners
Purpose
For continuous
operation
Related
Parameters
Functions
When the frequency command is lost
by system malfunction, the AC motor
drive can still run. Suitable for
intelligent air conditioners.
02.06
Output Signal during Running
Applications
General application
Purpose
Related
Parameters
Functions
Signal available to stop braking (brake
release) when the AC motor drive is
Provide a signal for
running. (This signal will disappear
running status
when the AC motor drive is freerunning.)
03.00
Output Signal in Zero Speed
Applications
General application
Purpose
Related
Parameters
Functions
When the output frequency is lower
Provide a signal for than the min. output frequency, a
running status
signal is given for external system or
control wiring.
03.00
Output Signal at Desired Frequency
Applications
General application
4-24
Purpose
Related
Parameters
Functions
When the output frequency is at the
desired frequency (by frequency
Provide a signal for
command), a signal is given for
running status
external system or control wiring
(frequency attained).
03.00
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Output Signal for Base Block
Applications
General application
Purpose
Functions
When executing Base Block, a signal
Provide a signal for
is given for external system or control
running status
wiring.
Related
Parameters
03.00
Overheat Warning for Heat Sink
Applications
General application
Purpose
For safety
Functions
When heat sink is overheated, it will
send a signal for external system or
control wiring.
Related
Parameters
03.00
Multi-function Analog Output
Applications
General application
Purpose
Display running
status
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Functions
The value of frequency, output
current/voltage can be read by
connecting a frequency meter or
voltage/current meter.
Related
Parameters
03.06
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
4.3 Description of Parameter Settings
Group 0: User Parameters
00.00
Identity Code of the AC Motor Drive
Settings
00.01
Read Only
Factory setting: ##
Rated Current Display of the AC Motor Drive
Settings
This parameter can be set during operation.
Read Only
Factory setting: #.#
Pr. 00.00 displays the identity code of the AC motor drive. The capacity, rated current, rated
voltage and the max. carrier frequency relate to the identity code. Users can use the following
table to check how the rated current, rated voltage and max. carrier frequency of the AC motor
drive correspond to the identity code.
Pr.00.01 displays the rated current of the AC motor drive. By reading this parameter the user
can check if the AC motor drive is correct.
kW
HP
Pr.00-00
Rated Output
Current (A)
Max. Carrier
Frequency
kW
HP
Pr.00-00
Rated Output
Current (A)
Max. Carrier
Frequency
00.02
0.2
0.25
0
115V/230V Series
0.4
0.75
0.5
1.0
2
4
1.5
2.0
6
2.2
3.0
8
3.7
5.0
10
1.6
2.5
7.5
11.0
17.0
1.5
2.0
7
2.2
3.0
9
3.7
5.0
11
4.2
5.5
8.2
4.2
12kHz
0.4
0.5
3
1.5
460V Series
0.75
1.0
5
2.5
12kHz
Parameter Reset
Factory Setting: 0
Settings 0
1
4-26
Parameter can be read/written
All parameters are read-only
8
Keypad lock
9
All parameters are reset to factory settings (50Hz, 230V/400V or
220V/380V depends on Pr.00.12)
10
All parameters are reset to factory settings (60Hz, 115V/220V/440V)
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This parameter allows the user to reset all parameters to the factory settings except the fault
records (Pr.06.08 ~ Pr.06.12).
50Hz: Pr.01.00 and Pr.01.01 are set to 50Hz and Pr.01.02 will be set by Pr.00.12.
60Hz: Pr.01.00 and Pr.01.01 are set to 60Hz and Pr.01.02 is set to 115V, 230V or 460V.
When Pr.00.02=1, all parameters are read-only. To write all parameters, set Pr.00.02=0.
00.03
Start-up Display Selection
Factory Setting: 0
Settings 0
Display the frequency command value (Fxxx)
1
Display the actual output frequency (Hxxx)
2
Display the output current in A supplied to the motor
(Axxx)
3
Display the content of user-defined unit (Uxxx)
4
FWD/REV command
This parameter determines the start-up display page after power is applied to the drive.
00.04
Content of Multi-function Display
Factory Setting: 0
Settings 0
1
Display the content of user-defined unit (Uxxx)
Display the counter value which counts the number of
pulses on TRG terminal
2
Display status of multi-input terminals (d)
3
Display the actual DC BUS voltage in VDC of the AC
motor drive
4
Display the output voltage in VAC of terminals U/T1,
V/T2, W/T3 to the motor.
5
Display PID analog feedback signal value in %
6
Display the power factor angle in º of terminals U/T1,
V/T2, W/T3 to the motor
7
Display the output power in kW of terminals U, V and W
to the motor.
8
Display PID setting and feedback signal.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
00.04
Content of Multi-function Display
9
Display the signal of AVI analog input terminal (V).
10
Display the signal of ACI analog input terminal (mA).
11
Display the temperature of IGBT (h) in °C
When Pr00.03 is set to 03, the display is according to the setting of Pr00.04.
00.05
User Defined Coefficient K
Settings
Unit: 0. 1
0. 1 to d 160.0
Factory Setting: 1.0
The coefficient K determines the multiplying factor for the user-defined unit.
The display value is calculated as follows:
U (User-defined unit) = Actual output frequency * K (Pr.00.05)
Example:
A conveyor belt runs at 13.6m/s at motor speed 60Hz.
K = 13.6/60 = 0.22 (0.226667 rounded to 1 decimal), therefore Pr.00.05=0.2
With Frequency command 35Hz, display shows U and 35*0.2=7.0m/s.
(To increase accuracy, use K=2.2 or K=22.7 and disregard decimal point.)
00.06
00.07
00.08
Software Version
Settings
Read Only
Display
#.##
Reserved
Unit: 1
Password Input
Settings
0 to 9999
Display
0~2 (times of wrong password)
Factory Setting: 0
The function of this parameter is to input the password that is set in Pr.00.09. Input the correct
password here to enable changing parameters. You are limited to a maximum of 3 attempts.
After 3 consecutive failed attempts, a blinking “codE” will show up to force the user to restart
the AC motor drive in order to try again to input the correct password.
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00.09 Password Set
Unit: 1
Settings
0 to 9999
Display
0
No password set or successful input in Pr. 00.08
Factory Setting: 0
1
Password has been set
To set a password to protect your parameter settings.
If the display shows 0, no password is set or password has been correctly entered in Pr.00.08.
All parameters can then be changed, including Pr.00.09.
The first time you can set a password directly. After successful setting of password the display
will show 1.
Be sure to record the password for later use.
To cancel the parameter lock, set the parameter to 0 after inputting correct password into Pr.
00.08.
The password consists of min. 1 digits and max. 4 digits.
How to make the password valid again after decoding by Pr.00.08:
Method 1: Re-input original password into Pr.00.09 (Or you can enter a new password if you
want to use a changed or new one).
Method 2: After rebooting, password function will be recovered.
Password Decode Flow Chart
00.08
00.09
Displays 0 when
entering correct
password into
Pr.00.08.
Correct Password
END
Incorrect Password
END
00.09
00.08
Displays 0 when
entering correct
password into
Pr.00.08.
3 chances to enter the correct
password.
1st time displays "1" if
password is incorrect.
2nd time displays "2", if
password is incorrect.
3rd time displays " code"
(blinking)
If the password was entered
incorrectly after three tries,
the keypad will be locked.
Turn the power OFF/ON to
re-enter the password.
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00.10
Reserved
00.11
Reserved
00.12
50Hz Base Voltage Selection
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
230V/400V
1
220V/380V
This parameter determines the base voltage for 50Hz.
00.13
User-defined Value 1 (correspond to max. frequency)
Settings
0 to 9999
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 0
This parameter corresponds to max. frequency.
When Pr.00-13 is not set to 0, “F” will disappear in frequency mode and the right-most digit will
blink. Many ranges will be changed to Pr.00.13, including potentiometer, UP/DOWN key, AVI,
ACI, multi-step, JOG function and PID function.
When Pr.00.13 is not set to 0 and the frequency source is from communication, please use
Pr.02-18 to change frequency setting because it can’t be set at address 2001H.
00.14
Position of Decimal Point of User-defined Value 1
Settings
0 to 3
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 0
It is used to set the position of decimal point of Pr.00.13.
Example: when you want to set 10.0, you need to set Pr.00.13 to 100 and Pr.00.14 to 1.
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Group 1: Basic Parameters
01.00
Maximum Output Frequency (Fmax)
Settings
50.00 to 600.0 Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 60.00
This parameter determines the AC motor drive’s Maximum Output Frequency. All the AC
motor drive frequency command sources (analog inputs 0 to +10V and 4 to 20mA) are scaled
to correspond to the output frequency range.
01.01
Maximum Voltage Frequency (Fbase)
Settings
0.10 to 600.0Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 60.00
This value should be set according to the rated frequency of the motor as indicated on the
motor nameplate. Maximum Voltage Frequency determines the v/f curve ratio. For example, if
the drive is rated for 460 VAC output and the Maximum Voltage Frequency is set to 60Hz, the
drive will maintain a constant ratio of 7.66 V/Hz (460V/60Hz=7.66V/Hz). This parameter value
must be equal to or greater than the Mid-Point Frequency (Pr.01.03).
01.02
Maximum Output Voltage (Vmax)
Settings 115V/230V series 0.1 to 255.0V
460V series
0.1 to 510.0V
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 220.0
Factory Setting: 440.0
This parameter determines the Maximum Output Voltage of the AC motor drive. The Maximum
Output Voltage setting must be smaller than or equal to the rated voltage of the motor as
indicated on the motor nameplate. This parameter value must be equal to or greater than the
Mid-Point Voltage (Pr.01.04).
01.03
Mid-Point Frequency (Fmid)
Unit: 0.01
Settings 0.10 to 600.0Hz
Factory Setting: 1.50
This parameter sets the Mid-Point Frequency of the V/f curve. With this setting, the V/f ratio
between Minimum Frequency and Mid-Point frequency can be determined. This parameter
must be equal to or greater than Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.01.05) and equal to or less
than Maximum Voltage Frequency (Pr.01.01).
01.04
Mid-Point Voltage (Vmid)
Unit: 0.1
Settings 115V/230V series 0.1 to 255.0V
460V series
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
0.1 to 510.0V
Factory Setting: 10.0
Factory Setting: 20.0
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
This parameter sets the Mid-Point Voltage of any V/f curve. With this setting, the V/f ratio
between Minimum Frequency and Mid-Point Frequency can be determined. This parameter
must be equal to or greater than Minimum Output Voltage (Pr.01.06) and equal to or less than
Maximum Output Voltage (Pr.01.02).
01.05
Minimum Output Frequency (Fmin)
Settings
Unit: 0.01
0.10 to 600.0Hz
Factory Setting: 1.50
This parameter sets the Minimum Output Frequency of the AC motor drive. This parameter
must be equal to or less than Mid-Point Frequency (Pr.01.03).
01.06
Minimum Output Voltage (Vmin)
Settings
Unit: 0.1
115V/230V series 0.1 to 255.0V
Factory Setting: 10.0
460V series
Factory Setting: 20.0
0.1 to 510.0V
This parameter sets the Minimum Output Voltage of the AC motor drive. This parameter must
be equal to or less than Mid-Point Voltage (Pr.01.04).
The settings of Pr.01.01 to Pr.01.06 have to meet the condition of Pr.01.02 ≥ Pr.01.04 ≥
Pr.01.06 and Pr.01.01 ≥ Pr.01.03 ≥ Pr.01.05.
01.07
Output Frequency Upper Limit
Settings
Unit: 0.1
0.1 to 120.0%
Factory Setting: 110.0
This parameter must be equal to or greater than the Output Frequency Lower Limit (Pr.01.08).
The Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.01.00) is regarded as 100%.
Output Frequency Upper Limit value = (Pr.01.00 * Pr.01.07)/100.
01.08
Voltage
01.07
Output Frequency
Lower Limit
Output Frequency
Upper Limit
01.02
Maximum
Output
Voltage
01.04
Mid-point
Voltage
The limit of
Output
Frequency
Frequency
01.06
Minimum
01.05
Output
Voltage Minimum
Output
Freq.
01.03
Mid-point
Freq.
01.01
Maximum Voltage
Frequency
(Base Frequency)
01.00
Maximum
Output
Frequency
V/f Curve
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01.08
Settings
Unit: 0.1
Output Frequency Lower Limit
0.0 to 100.0%
Factory Setting: 0.0
The Upper/Lower Limits are to prevent operation errors and machine damage.
If the Output Frequency Upper Limit is 50Hz and the Maximum Output Frequency is 60Hz, the
Output Frequency will be limited to 50Hz.
If the Output Frequency Lower Limit is 10Hz, and the Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.01.05) is
set to 1.0Hz, then any Command Frequency between 1.0-10Hz will generate a 10Hz output
from the drive. If the command frequency is less than 1.0Hz, drive will be in ready status
without output.
This parameter must be equal to or less than the Output Frequency Upper Limit (Pr.01.07).
The Output Frequency Lower Limit value = (Pr.01.00 * Pr.01.08) /100.
01.09
Acceleration Time 1 (Taccel 1)
01.10
Deceleration Time 1 (Tdecel 1)
Unit: 0.1/0.01
01.11
Acceleration Time 2 (Taccel 2)
Unit: 0.1/0.01
01.12
Deceleration Time 2 (Tdecel 2)
Settings
0.1 to 600.0 sec / 0.01 to 600.0 sec
Unit: 0.1/0.01
Unit: 0.1/0.01
Factory Setting: 10.0
Acceleration/deceleration time 1 or 2 can be switched by setting the external terminals MI3~
MI12 to 7 (set Pr.04.05~Pr.04.08 to 7 or Pr.11.06~Pr.11.11 to 7).
01.19
Accel/Decel Time Unit
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Unit: 0.1 sec
1
Unit: 0.01 sec
The Acceleration Time is used to determine the time required for the AC motor drive to ramp
from 0 Hz to Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.01.00). The rate is linear unless S-Curve is
“Enabled”; see Pr.01.17.
The Deceleration Time is used to determine the time required for the AC motor drive to
decelerate from the Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.01.00) down to 0 Hz. The rate is linear
unless S-Curve is “Enabled.”, see Pr.01.18.
The Acceleration/Deceleration Time 1, 2, 3, 4 are selected according to the Multi-function Input
Terminals Settings. See Pr.04.05 to Pr.04.08 for more details.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
In the diagram shown below, the Acceleration/Deceleration Time of the AC motor drive is the
time between 0 Hz to Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.01.00). Suppose the Maximum Output
Frequency is 60 Hz, Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.01.05) is 1.0 Hz, and
Acceleration/Deceleration Time is 10 seconds. The actual time for the AC motor drive to
accelerate from start-up to 60 Hz and to decelerate from 60Hz to 1.0Hz is in this case 9.83
seconds. ((60-1) * 10/60=9.83secs).
Frequency
01.00
Max. output
Frequency
setting
operation
frequency
01.05
Min. output
frequency
0 Hz
Decel. Time
Accel. Time
01.09
01.11
01.10
Time
01.12
The definition of
Accel./Decel. Time
Resulting
Decel. Time
Resulting
Accel. Time
Resulting Accel./Decel. Time
01.13
Jog Acceleration Time
Settings
01.14
Jog Deceleration Time
Settings
01.15
0.1 to 600.0/0.01 to 600.0 sec
Jog Frequency
Settings
0.1 to 600.0/0.01 to 600.0 sec
0.10 to Fmax (Pr.01.00)Hz
Unit: 0.1/0.01
Factory Setting: 1.0
Unit: 0.1/0.01
Factory Setting: 1.0
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 6.00
Only external terminal JOG (MI3 to MI12) can be used. When the Jog command is “ON”, the
AC motor drive will accelerate from Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.01.05) to Jog Frequency
(Pr.01.15). When the Jog command is “OFF”, the AC motor drive will decelerate from Jog
Frequency to zero. The used Accel/Decel time is set by the Jog Accel/Decel time (Pr.01.13,
Pr.01.14).
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Before using the JOG command, the drive must be stopped first. And during Jog operation,
other operation commands are not accepted, except FORWARD/REVERSE commands.
Frequency
01.15
JOG
Frequency
01.05
Min. output
frequency
0 Hz
JOG Accel. Time
01.13
JOG Decel. Time
Time
01.14 01.12
The definition of JOG Accel./Decel. Time01.21
01.16
Auto-Acceleration / Deceleration
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Linear acceleration / deceleration
1
Auto acceleration, linear Deceleration.
2
Linear acceleration, auto Deceleration.
3
Auto acceleration / deceleration (set by load)
4
Auto acceleration / deceleration (set by Accel/Decel Time setting)
With Auto acceleration / deceleration it is possible to reduce vibration and shocks during
starting/stopping the load.
During Auto acceleration the torque is automatically measured and the drive will accelerate to
the set frequency with the fastest acceleration time and the smoothest starting current.
During Auto deceleration, regenerative energy is measured and the motor is smoothly stopped
with the fastest deceleration time.
But when this parameter is set to 4, the actual accel/decel time will be equal to or more than
parameter Pr.01.09 ~Pr.01.12.
Auto acceleration/deceleration makes the complicated processes of tuning unnecessary. It
makes operation efficient and saves energy by acceleration without stall and deceleration
without brake resistor.
In applications with brake resistor or brake unit, Auto deceleration shall not be used.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
01.17
Acceleration S-Curve
01.18
Deceleration S-Curve
Unit: 0.1/0.01
Unit: 0.1/0.01
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0.0
S-curve disabled
0.1 to 10.0/0.01 to 10.00
S-curve enabled (10.0/10.00 is the smoothest)
This parameter is used to ensure smooth acceleration and deceleration via S-curve.
The S-curve is disabled when set to 0.0 and enabled when set to 0.1 to 10.0/0.01 to 10.00.
Setting 0.1/0.01 gives the quickest and setting 10.0/10.00 the longest and smoothest S-curve.
The AC motor drive will not follow the Accel/Decel Times in Pr.01.09 to Pr.01.12.
The diagram below shows that the original setting of the Accel/Decel Time is only for reference
when the S-curve is enabled. The actual Accel/Decel Time depends on the selected S-curve
(0.1 to 10.0).
The total Accel. Time=Pr.01.09 + Pr.01.17 or Pr.01.11 + Pr.01.17
The total Decel. Time=Pr.01.10 + Pr.01.18 or Pr.01.12 + Pr.01.18
2
1
3
4
2
1
3
4
1 2
Disable S curve
3 4
Enable S curve
Acceleration/deceleration Characteristics
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Group 2: Operation Method Parameters
02.00
Source of First Master Frequency Command
02.09
Source of Second Master Frequency Command
Factory Setting: 1
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Digital keypad UP/DOWN keys or Multi-function Inputs UP/DOWN.
Last used frequency saved. (Digital keypad is optional)
1
0 to +10V from AVI
2
4 to 20mA from ACI
3
RS-485 (RJ-45) communication
4
Digital keypad potentiometer
These parameters set the Master Frequency Command Source of the AC motor drive.
The factory setting for master frequency command is 1. (digital keypad is optional.)
Setting 2: use the ACI/AVI switch on the AC motor drive to select ACI or AVI.
When the AC motor drive is controlled by external terminal, please refer to Pr.02.05 for details.
The first /second frequency/operation command is enabled/disabled by Multi Function Input
Terminals. Please refer to Pr.04.05 ~ 04.08.
02.01
Source of First Operation Command
Factory Setting: 1
Settings
0
Digital keypad (Digital keypad is optional)
1
External terminals. Keypad STOP/RESET enabled.
2
External terminals. Keypad STOP/RESET disabled.
3
RS-485 (RJ-45)/USB communication. Keypad STOP/RESET
enabled.
4
RS-485 (RJ-45)/USB communication. Keypad STOP/RESET
disabled.
The factory setting for source of first operation command is 1. (digital keypad is optional.)
When the AC motor drive is controlled by external terminal, please refer to Pr.02.05/Pr.04.04
for details.
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Combination of the First and Second Master Frequency
Command
02.10
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
02.02
0
First Master Frequency Command Only
1
First Master Frequency + Second Master Frequency
2
First Master Frequency - Second Master Frequency
0
STOP: ramp to stop
Stop Method
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
E.F.: coast to stop
1
STOP: coast to stop
E.F.: coast to stop
2
STOP: ramp to stop
E.F.: ramp to stop
3
STOP: coast to stop
E.F.: ramp to stop
The parameter determines how the motor is stopped when the AC motor drive receives a valid
stop command or detects External Fault.
Ramp:
the AC motor drive decelerates to Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.01.05)
according to the deceleration time and then stops.
Coast:
the AC motor drive stops the output instantly upon command, and the motor
free runs until it comes to a complete standstill.
The motor stop method is usually determined by the characteristics of the motor load and
how frequently it is stopped.
(1)
It is recommended to use “ramp to stop” for safety of personnel or to prevent
material from being wasted in applications where the motor has to stop after the
drive is stopped. The deceleration time has to be set accordingly.
(2)
If motor free running is allowed or the load inertia is large, it is recommended to
select “coast to stop”. For example: blowers, punching machines, centrifuges
and pumps.
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Frequency
output
frequency
Frequency
output
frequency
motor
speed
motor
speed
Time
operation
command
stops according to
decel eration time
STOP
RUN
Time
free run to stop
operation
command
RUN
STOP
ramp to stop and free run to stop
Frequency
Frequency
frequency output
motor
speed
frequency
output
motor
speed
stops according to
decel eration time
operation
command
free run to stop
operation
command
EF
EF
When Pr.02.02 is set to 0 or 1
When Pr.02.02 is set to 2 or 3
02.03
Unit: 1
PWM Carrier Frequency Selections
115V/230V/460V Series
Power
0.25 to 5hp (0.2kW to 3.7kW)
Setting Range
2 to 12 kHz
Factory Setting
8 kHz
This parameter determines the PWM carrier frequency of the AC motor drive.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Carrier
Frequency
Acoustic
Noise
2kHz
Significant
Electromagnetic
Noise or leakage
current
Minimal
Heat
Dissipation
Current
Wave
Minimal
Minimal
Significant
Significant
8kHz
12kHz
Minimal
Significant
From the table, we see that the PWM carrier frequency has a significant influence on the
electromagnetic noise, AC motor drive heat dissipation, and motor acoustic noise.
The PWM carrier frequency will be decreased automatically by the ambient temperature and
output current of the AC motor drives. It is used to prevent AC motor drive overheat and
extend IGBT’s life. Therefore, it is necessary to have this kind of protection method. Take an
example of 460V models, assume that the carrier frequency is 12kHz, ambient temperature is
50 degrees C with single AC motor drive. If the output current exceeds 80% * rated current,
the AC motor drive will decrease the carrier frequency automatically by the following chart. If
output current is around 100% * rated current, the carrier frequency will decrease from 12k Hz
to 8k Hz.
Mounting method
Method A
Frame A
Frame B
50mm
50mm
150mm
150mm
Method B
Frame A
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Frame B
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
25℃ with mounting method B
90%
50℃ with mounting method A
40℃ with mounting method B
80%
70%
60%
50%
Rated Current (%)
Rated Current (%)
100%
35℃ with mounting method A
25℃ with mounting method B
90%
50℃ with mounting method A
40℃ with mounting method B
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
40%
2kHz
02.04
100%
4kHz
Carrier
10kHz
Frequency
8kHz
12kHz
For 460V Series
6kHz
2kHz
Carrier
Frequency
6kHz
10kHz
4kHz
8kHz
12kHz
For 115V/230V Series
Motor Direction Control
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Forward/Reverse operation enabled
1
Reverse operation disabled
2
Forward operation disabled
This parameter is used to disable one direction of rotation of the AC motor drive direction of
rotation.
02.05
Line Start Lockout
Factory Setting: 1
Settings
0
Disable. Operation status is not changed even if operation
command source Pr.02.01 is changed.
1
Enable. Operation status is not changed even if operation command
source Pr.02.01 is changed.
2
Disable. Operation status will change if operation command source
Pr.02.01 is changed.
3
Enable. Operation status will change if operation command source
Pr.02.01 is changed.
This parameter determines the response of the drive upon power on and operation command
source is changed.
Pr.02.05
Start lockout (Run when power is ON)
Operation status when operation
command source is changed
0
Disable (AC motor drive will run)
Keep previous status
1
Enable (AC motor drive doesn’t run)
Keep previous status
2
Disable (AC motor drive will run)
Change according to the new
operation command source
3
Enable (AC motor drive doesn’t run)
Change according to the new
operation command source
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
When the operation command source is from external terminal and operation command is ON
(MI1/MI2-DCM=closed), the AC motor drive will operate according to Pr.02.05 after power is
applied. <For terminals MI1 and MI2 only>
1.
When Pr.02.05 is set to 0 or 2, AC motor drive will run immediately.
2.
When Pr.02.05 is set to 1 or 3, AC motor drive will remain stopped until operation
command is received after previous operation command is cancelled.
MI1-DCM (close)
Pr.02.01=0
OFF
ON
RUN
STO P
RUN
STOP
output frequency
Pr.02.05=0 or 2
Change operation
command source
Pr.02.01=1 or 2
This action will follow MI1/DCM
or MI2/DCM status
(ON is close/OFF is open)
output frequency
Pr.02.05=1 or 3
When the operation command source isn’t from the external terminals, independently from
whether the AC motor drive runs or stops, the AC motor drive will operate according to
Pr.02.05 if the two conditions below are both met.
1.
When operation command source is changed to external terminal (Pr.02.01=1 or 2)
2.
The status of terminal and AC motor drive is different.
And the operation of the AC motor drive will be:
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1.
When setting 0 or 1, the status of AC motor drive is not changed by the terminal status.
2.
When setting 2 or 3, the status of AC motor drive is changed by the terminal status.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
MI1-DCM (close)
ON
OFF
power is applied
output frequency
Pr.02.05=0 or 1
OFF ON
ON
it will run
output frequency
Pr.02.05=2 or 3
it won't run
when power is applied It needs to received a run command
after previous command is cancelled
The Line Start Lockout feature does not guarantee that the motor will never start under this
condition. It is possible the motor may be set in motion by a malfunctioning switch.
02.06
Loss of ACI Signal (4-20mA)
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Decelerate to 0Hz
1
Coast to stop and display “AErr”
2
Continue operation by the last frequency command
This parameter determines the behavior when ACI is lost.
When set to 1, it will display warning message “AErr” on the keypad in case of loss of ACI
signal and execute the setting. When ACI signal is recovered, the warning message will stop
blinking. Please press “RESET” key to clear it.
02.07
Up/Down Mode
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
02.08
0
By digital keypad up/down keys mode
1
Based on Accel/Decel Time acc. to Pr.01.09 to 01.12
2
Constant speed (acc. to Pr. 02.08)
3
Pulse input unit (acc. to Pr. 02.08)
Accel/Decel Rate of Change of UP/DOWN Operation with
Constant Speed
Settings
0.01~10.00 Hz/2ms
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Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.01
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
These parameters determine the increase/decrease of the master frequency when operated
via the Multi-function Inputs when Pr.04.05~Pr.04.08 are set to 10 (Up command) or 11 (Down
command).
When Pr.02.07 is set to 0: increase/decrease the frequency by using UP/DOWN key. It is valid
only when the AC motor drive is running.
When Pr.02.07 is set to 1: increase/decrease the frequency by acceleration/deceleration
settings. It is valid only when the AC motor drive is running.
When Pr.02.07 is set to 2: increase/decrease the frequency by Pr.02.08.
When Pr.02.07 is set to 3: increase/decrease the frequency by Pr.02.08 (unit: pulse input).
02.11
Keypad Frequency Command
Settings
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Factory Setting: 60.00
This parameter can be used to set frequency command or read keypad frequency command.
02.12
Communication Frequency Command
Settings
Unit: 0.01
Unit: 0.01
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Factory Setting: 60.00
This parameter can be used to set frequency command or read communication frequency
command.
02.13
The Selections for Saving Keypad or Communication Frequency
Command
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Save Keypad & Communication Frequency
1
Save Keypad Frequency only
2
Save Communication Frequency only
This parameter is used to save keypad or RS-485 frequency command.
02.14
Initial Frequency Selection (for keypad & RS485)
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
02.15
By Current Freq Command
1
By Zero Freq Command
2
By Frequency Display at Stop
Initial Frequency Setpoint (for keypad & RS485)
Settings
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0
0.00 ~ 600.0Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 60.00
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
These parameters are used to determinate the frequency at stop:
When setting Pr.02.14 to 0: the initial frequency will be current frequency.
When setting Pr.02.14 to 1: the initial frequency will be 0.
When setting Pr.02.14 to 2: the initial frequency will be Pr.02.15.
02.16
Display the Master Freq Command Source
Settings
Read Only
Factory setting: ##
You can read the master frequency command source by this parameter.
Display Value
Bit
1
Bit0=1
Master Freq Command Source by First Freq Source (Pr.02.00).
2
Bit1=1
Master Freq Command Source by Second Freq Source (Pr.02.09).
4
Bit2=1
Master Freq Command Source by Multi-input function
02.17
Display the Operation Command Source
Settings
Function
Read Only
Factory setting: ##
You can read the operation source by this parameter.
Display Value
Bit
1
Bit0=1
Operation Command Source by Digital Keypad
2
Bit1=1
Operation Command Source by RS485 communication
4
Bit2=1
Operation Command Source by External Terminal
8
Bit3=1
Operation Command Source by Multi-input function
02.18
Function
User-defined Value 2 Setting
Settings
0 to Pr.00.13
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Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 0
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Use this parameter to change frequency when (1) Pr.00.13 is not set to 0 and frequency
source is from communication or (2) Pr.02.10 is not set to 0.
02.19
User-defined Value 2
Settings
Unit: 1
Read-only
Factory Setting: 0
For example: suppose that the frequency source is the first master frequency + second master
frequency command (first master frequency is from keypad and second master frequency is
from AVI), user-defined value 1 is set to 180.0(Pr.00.13 is set to 1800, Pr.00.14 is set to 1).
AVI=2V=180.0/(2V/10V)=36.0, frequency is 36.0/(180.0/60.0)=12.0Hz
Pr.02.18=30.0, frequency is 30.0/(60.0/180.0)=10.0Hz
At this moment, the keypad will display 66.0(36.0+30.0) and the output frequency is
22.0Hz(12.0+10.0). When reading the value from communication address, the value will be
shown as follows: 2102H and 2103H are 22.0Hz, 0212H(Pr.02.18) is 30.0, 0213H(Pr.02.19) is
66.0.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Group 3: Output Function Parameters
03.00
Multi-function Output Relay (RA1, RB1, RC1)
Factory Setting: 8
Settings
Function
Description
0
No Function
1
AC Drive Operational
Active when the drive is ready or RUN command is “ON”.
Master Frequency
Active when the AC motor drive reaches the output
Attained
frequency setting.
2
3
Zero Speed
4
Over-Torque Detection
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Baseblock (B.B.)
Indication
Active when Command Frequency is lower than the
Minimum Output Frequency.
Active as long as over-torque is detected. (Refer to Pr.06.03
~ Pr.06.05)
Active when the output of the AC motor drive is shut off
during baseblock. Base block can be forced by Multi-function
input (setting 09).
Low-Voltage Indication
Active when low voltage(Lv) is detected.
Operation Mode
Active when operation command is controlled by external
Indication
terminal.
Fault Indication
Desired Frequency
Attained
Terminal Count Value
Attained
Preliminary Count Value
Attained
Over Voltage Stall
supervision
Over Current Stall
supervision
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Active when a fault occurs (oc, ov, oH1, oL, oL1, EF, cF3,
HPF, ocA, ocd, ocn, GFF).
Active when the desired frequency (Pr.03.02) is attained.
Active when the counter reaches Terminal Count Value.
Active when the counter reaches Preliminary Count Value.
Active when the Over Voltage Stall function operating
Active when the Over Current Stall function operating
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Settings
14
Function
Description
Heat Sink Overheat
When heatsink overheats, it will signal to prevent OH turn off
Warning
the drive. When it is higher than 85oC (185oF), it will be ON.
15
Over Voltage supervision Active when the DC-BUS voltage exceeds level
16
PID supervision
17
Forward command
Active when the direction command is FWD
18
Reverse command
Active when the direction command is REV
Zero Speed Output
19
Signal
Active when the PID feedback signal is abnormal (Refer to
Pr.10.12 and Pr.13.)
Active when the drive is standby or stop
Communication Warning
20
(FbE,Cexx, AoL2, AUE,
Active when there is a Communication Warning
SAvE)
21
22
03.01
03.02
Brake Control (Desired
Active when output frequency ≥Pr.03.11. Deactivated when
Frequency Attained)
output frequency ≤Pr.03.12 after STOP command.
AC Motor Drive Ready
Active when AC motor drive is ready.
Reserved
Desired Frequency Attained
Settings
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
If a multi-function output terminal is set to function as Desired Frequency Attained (Pr.03.00
=09), then the output will be activated when the programmed frequency is attained.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Frequency
master
frequency
detection
4Hz range
2Hz
detection range
detection
-2Hz range
desired
frequency waiting time
for
03.02
frequency
run/stop
OFF
desired freq. attained
OFF
setting 03 zero speed indication
Time
OFF
ON
master freq. attained
(output signal)
setting 19 zero speed indication
DC braking time
during stop
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
output timing chart of multiple function terminals
when setting to frequency attained or zero speed indication
03.03
Analog Output Signal (AFM)
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
1
Analog Current Meter (0 to 250% of rated AC motor drive current)
Analog Output Gain
Settings
Analog Frequency Meter (0 to Maximum Output Frequency)
This parameter sets the function of the AFM output 0~+10VDC (ACM is common).
03.04
0
1 to 200%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 100
This parameter sets the voltage range of the analog output signal AFM.
When Pr.03.03 is set to 0, the analog output voltage is directly proportional to the output
frequency of the AC motor drive. With Pr.03.04 set to 100%, the Maximum Output Frequency
(Pr.01.00) of the AC motor drive corresponds to +10VDC on the AFM output.
Similarly, if Pr.03.03 is set to 1, the analog output voltage is directly proportional to the output
current of the AC drive. With Pr.03.04 set to 100%, then 2.5 times the rated current
corresponds to +10VDC on the AFM output.
NOTE
Any type of voltmeter can be used. If the meter reads full scale at a voltage less than 10V, Pr.
03.04 should be set using the following formula:
Pr. 03.04 = ((meter full scale voltage)/10) x 100%
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
For Example: When using the meter with full scale of 5 volts, adjust Pr.03.04 to 50%. If
Pr.03.03 is set to 0, then 5VDC will correspond to Maximum Output Frequency.
03.05
Terminal Count Value
Settings
Unit: 1
0 to 9999
Factory Setting: 0
This parameter sets the count value of the internal counter. To increase the internal counter,
one of Pr.04.05 to 04.08 should be set to 12. Upon completion of counting, the specified output
terminal will be activated. (Pr.03.00 set to 10).
When the display shows c555, the drive has counted 555 times. If display shows c555•, it
means that real counter value is between 5,550 and 5,559.
03.06
Preliminary Count Value
Settings
Unit: 1
0 to 9999
Factory Setting: 0
When the counter value reaches this value, the corresponding multi-function output terminal
will be activated, provided one of Pr.03.00set to 11 (Preliminary Count Value Setting). This
multi-function output terminal will be deactivated upon completion of Terminal Count Value
Attained.
The timing diagram:
2msec
Display
(Pr.00.04=1)
TRG
Counter Trigger
2msec
Preliminary Count Value
(Pr. 03.00=11)
Ex:03.05=5,03.06=3
The width of trigger signal
should not be less than
2ms(<250 Hz)
Terminal Count Value
(Pr. 03.00=10)
03.07
EF Active when Terminal Count Value Attained
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Terminal count value attained, no EF display
1
Terminal count value attained, EF active
If this parameter is set to 1 and the desired value of counter is attained, the AC drive will treat
it as a fault. The drive will stop and show the “EF” message on the display.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
03.08
Fan Control
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
Fan always ON
1
1 minute after AC motor drive stops, fan will be OFF
2
Fan ON when AC motor drive runs, fan OFF when AC motor drive
stops
3
Fan ON when preliminary heatsink temperature attained
This parameter determines the operation mode of the cooling fan.
03.09
Reserved
03.10
Reserved
03.11
Brake Release Frequency
Settings
03.12
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
Brake Engage Frequency
Settings
0
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
These two parameters are used to set control of mechanical brake via the output terminals
(Relay) when Pr.03.00is set to 21. Refer to the following example for details.
Example:
1. Case 1: Pr.03.12 ≥ Pr.03.11
2. Case 2: Pr.03.12 ≤ Pr.03.11
Frequency
Output
Case 1: Pr.03.12
Pr. 03.11
Case 2: Pr.03.12
Time
Run/Stop
Case 1: Pr.03.00=21
Case 2: Pr.03.00=21
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
03.13
Display the Status of Relay
Settings
Read Only
Factory setting: ##
For standard AC motor drive, the multi-function output terminals are falling-edge triggered.
0: Relay is ON; 1: Relay is OFF.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Group 4: Input Function Parameters
04.00
Keypad Potentiometer Bias
Settings
04.01
Unit: 0. 1
0.0 to 100.0%
Factory Setting: 0.0
Keypad Potentiometer Bias Polarity
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
04.02
Positive Bias
1
Negative Bias
Keypad Potentiometer Gain
Settings
04.03
0
Unit: 0.1
0.1 to 200.0%
Factory Setting: 100.0
Keypad Potentiometer Negative Bias, Reverse Motion
Enable/Disable
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
No Negative Bias Command
1
Negative Bias: REV Motion Enabled
Example 1: Standard application
This is the most used setting. The user only needs to set Pr.02.00 to 04. The frequency command
comes from keypad potentiometer.
60Hz
Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =0%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =0--Positive bias
Pr.04.02 =100%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =0--No negative bias command
30Hz
0Hz
0V
5V
10V
Example 2: Use of bias
This example shows the influence of changing the bias. When the input is 0V the output frequency is
10 Hz. At mid-point a potentiometer will give 40 Hz. Once the Maximum Output Frequency is reached,
any further increase of the potentiometer or signal will not increase the output frequency. (To use the
full potentiometer range, please refer to Example 3.) The value of external input voltage/current 08.33V corresponds to the setting frequency 10-60Hz.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =16.7%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =0--Positive bias
Pr.04.02 =100%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =0--No negative bias command
60Hz
40Hz
10Hz
Bias
Adjustment
0Hz 0V
Gain:100%
5V
10V
Bias adjustment:((10Hz/60Hz)/(Gain/100%))*100%=16.7%
Example 3: Use of bias and gain for use of full range
This example also shows a popular method. The whole scale of the potentiometer can be used as
desired. In addition to signals of 0 to 10V, the popular voltage signals also include signals of 0 to 5V,
or any value under 10V. Regarding the setting, please refer to the following examples.
Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =20.0%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =0--Positive bias
Pr.04.02 =83.3%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =0--No negative bias command
60Hz
Bias 10Hz
Adjustment
0Hz0V
-2V
XV
Gain:(10V/(10V+2V))*100%=83.3%
5V
10V
Bias adjustment:((10Hz/60Hz)/(Gain/100%))*100%=20.0%
Example 4: Use of 0-5V potentiometer range via gain adjustment
This example shows a potentiometer range of 0 to 5 Volts. Instead of adjusting gain as example
below, you can set Pr. 01.00 to 120Hz to achieve the same results.
Gain
adjustment
60Hz
30Hz
Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =0.0%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =0--Positive bias
Pr.04.02 =200%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =0--No negative bias command
Gain:(10V/5V)*100%=200%
0Hz 0V
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5V
10V
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Example 5: Use of negative bias in noisy environment
In this example, a 1V negative bias is used. In noisy environments it is advantageous to use negative
bias to provide a noise margin (1V in this example).
Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =10.0%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =1--Negative bias
Pr.04.02 =100%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =0--No negative bias command
60Hz
54Hz
Gain:100%
0Hz
Negative
0V 1V
bias 6Hz
10V
Bias adjustment:((6Hz/60Hz)/(Gain/100%))*100%=10.0%
Example 6: Use of negative bias in noisy environment and gain adjustment to use full
potentiometer range
In this example, a negative bias is used to provide a noise margin. Also a potentiometer frequency
gain is used to allow the Maximum Output Frequency to be reached.
Bias
adjustment Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =10.0%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =1--Negative bias
Pr.04.02 =111%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =0--No negative bias command
60Hz
0Hz
Negative
0V 1V
bias 6.6Hz
Gain:(10V/9V)*100%=111%
10V
Bias adjustment:((6.6Hz/60Hz)/(Gain/100%))*100%=10.0%
Example 7: Use of 0-10V potentiometer signal to run motor in FWD and REV direction
In this example, the input is programmed to run a motor in both forward and reverse direction. The
motor will be idle when the potentiometer position is at mid-point of its scale. Using the settings in this
example disables the external FWD and REV controls.
60Hz
30Hz
FWD
0V 0Hz
REV
5V
10V
30Hz
60Hz
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =50.0%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =1--Negative bias
Pr.04.02 =200%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =1--Negative bias: REV motion enabled
Gain:(10V/5V)*100%=200%
Bias adjustment:((60Hz/60Hz)/(Gain/100%))*100%=200%
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Example 8: Use negative slope
In this example, the use of negative slope is shown. Negative slopes are used in applications for
control of pressure, temperature or flow. The sensor that is connected to the input generates a large
signal (10V) at high pressure or flow. With negative slope settings, the AC motor drive will slow stop
the motor. With these settings the AC motor drive will always run in only one direction (reverse). This
can only be changed by exchanging 2 wires to the motor.
60Hz
0Hz
Gain:(10V/10V)*100%=100%
0V
04.11
10V
04.12
0.0 to 100.0%
Maximum ACI Current
Settings
04.18
0.0 to 20.0mA
Minimum ACI Frequency (percentage of Pr. 01.00)
Settings
04.17
0.0 to 100.0%
Minimum ACI Current
Settings
04.16
0.0 to 10.0V
Maximum AVI Frequency (percentage of Pr. 01.00)
Settings
04.15
0.0 to 100.0%
Maximum AVI Voltage
Settings
04.14
0.0 to 10.0V
Minimum AVI Frequency (percentage of Pr.01.00)
Settings
04.13
Bias adjustment:((60Hz/60Hz)/(Gain/100%))*100%=100%
Minimum AVI Voltage
Settings
0.0 to 20.0mA
Maximum ACI Frequency (percentage of Pr. 01.00)
Settings
Pr.01.00=60Hz--Max. output Freq.
Potentiometer
Pr.04.00 =100%--Bias adjustment
Pr.04.01 =0--Positive bias
Pr.04.02 =100%--Input gain
Pr.04.03 =1--Negative bias: REV motion enabled
negative slope
0.0 to 100.0%
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 10.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 100.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 4.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 20.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 100.0
The above parameters are used to set the analog input reference values. The min and max
frequencies are based on Pr.01.00 (during open-loop control) as shown in the following.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
01.00
04.14
04.18
04.12
04.16
04.11
04.15
04.17
analog input
01.00=60.00 Hz
04.14=70
AVI
04.18=50
ACI
04.12=30
analog input
04.16=0
04.11=0V 04.15=4mA
04.13=10V
04.17=20mA
04.19
Reserved
04.20
Reserved
04.21
Reserved
04.22
Reserved
04.23
Reserved
04.24
Reserved
04.25
Reserved
04.04
Multi-function Input Terminal (MI1, MI2) 2-wire/ 3-wire Operation
Control Modes
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
2-wire: FWD/STOP, REV/STOP
1
2-wire: FWD/REV, RUN/STOP
2
3-wire Operation
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
There are three different types of control modes:
04.04
0
External Terminal
2-wire
FWD/STOP
MI1:("OPEN":STOP)
("CLOSE":FWD)
FWD /STOP
REV/STOP
MI2:("OPEN": STOP)
("CLOSE": REV)
DCM
VFD-EL
2-wire
RUN/STOP
MI1:("OPEN":STOP)
("CLOSE":RUN)
FWD/ REV
FWD/REV
MI2:("OPEN": FWD)
("CLOSE": REV)
DCM
VFD-EL
REV / STOP
1
RUN / STOP
STOP RUN
MI1 : ("CLOSE":RUN)
MI3:("OPEN":STOP)
2
3-wire
REV/FWD
04.05
Multi-function Input Terminal (MI3)
04.06
Multi-function Input Terminal (MI4)
04.07
Multi-function Input Terminal (MI5)
04.08
Multi-function Input Terminal (MI6)
MI2:("OPEN": FWD)
("CLOSE": REV)
DCM
VFD-EL
Factory Setting: 1
Factory Setting: 2
Factory Setting: 3
Factory Setting: 4
Settings
0
4-58
Function
No Function
Description
Any unused terminals should be programmed to 0 to insure they
have no effect on operation.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Settings
1
2
3
4
Function
Description
Multi-Step Speed
Command 1
Multi-Step Speed
These four inputs select the multi-speed defined by Pr.05.00 to
Pr.05.14 as shown in the diagram at the end of this table.
Command 2
Multi-Step Speed
Command 3
Multi-Step Speed
NOTE: Pr.05.00 to Pr.05.14 can also be used to control output
speed. There are 17 step speed frequencies (including
Master Frequency and Jog Frequency) to select for
application.
Command 4
The External Reset has the same function as the Reset key on
5
External Reset
the Digital keypad. After faults such as O.H., O.C. and O.V. are
cleared this input can be used to reset the drive.
6
Accel/Decel Inhibit
Accel/Decel Time
7
Selection
Command
When the command is active, acceleration and deceleration is
stopped and the AC motor drive maintains a constant speed.
Used to select the one of 2 Accel/Decel Times (Pr.01.09 to
Pr.01.12). See explanation at the end of this table.
Parameter value 08 programs one of the Multi-function Input
8
Jog Operation
Control
Terminals MI3 ∼ MI6 (Pr.04.05~Pr.04.08) for Jog control.
NOTE: Programming for Jog operation by 08 can only be
done while the motor is stopped. (Refer to parameter
Pr.01.13~Pr.01.15)
Parameter value 09 programs a Multi-function Input Terminals for
external Base Block control.
9
External Base
NOTE: When a Base-Block signal is received, the AC motor
Block
drive will block all output and the motor will free run. When
(Refer to Pr. 08.06)
base block control is deactivated, the AC drive will start its
speed search function and synchronize with the motor
speed, and then accelerate to Master Frequency.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Settings
10
Function
Description
UP: Increase
Increase/decrease the Master Frequency each time an input is
Master Frequency
received or continuously when the input stays active. When both
inputs are active at the same time, the Master Frequency
11
DOWN: Decrease
increase/decrease is halted. Please refer to Pr.02.07, 02.08. This
Master Frequency
function is also called “motor potentiometer”.
Parameter value 12 programs one of the Multi-function Input
12
Counter Trigger
Terminals MI3~MI6 (Pr.04.05~Pr.04.08) to increment the AC
drive’s internal counter. When an input is received, the counter is
incremented by 1.
13
Counter Reset
14
External Fault
When active, the counter is reset and inhibited. To enable
counting the input should be OFF. Refer to Pr.03.05 and 03.06.
Parameter value 14 programs one of the Multi-function Input
Terminals MI3~MI6 (Pr.04.05~Pr.04.08) to be External Fault
(E.F.) inputs.
15
PID function
When an input ON with this setting is ON, the PID function will be
disabled
disabled.
AC motor drive will stop output and the motor free run if one of
16
Output Shutoff Stop these settings is enabled. If the status of terminal is changed, AC
motor drive will restart from 0Hz.
17
Parameter lock
When this setting is enabled, all parameters will be locked and
enable
write parameters is disabled.
Operation
Command
18
Selection (Pr.02.01
Pr.02.01 is disabled if this parameter value 18 is set. See the
terminals)
explanation below this table.
Command
4-60
OFF: Operation command via Pr.02.01 setting
setting/external
Operation
19
ON: Operation command via Ext. Terminals
Selection (Pr 02.01
ON: Operation command via Digital Keypad
OFF: Operation command via Pr.02.01 setting
setting/Digital
Pr.02.01 is disabled if this parameter value 19 is set. See the
Keypad)
explanation below this table.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Settings
Function
Description
Operation
ON: Operation command via Communication
Command
Selection (Pr 02.01
20
21
setting/
Pr.02.01 is disabled if this parameter value 20 is set. See the
Communication)
explanation below this table.
Forward/Reverse
Source of second
22
frequency
command enabled
04.09
This function has top priority to set the direction for running (If
“Pr.02.04=0”)
Used to select the first/second frequency command source. Refer
to Pr.02.00 and 02.09.
ON: 2nd Frequency command source
OFF: 1st Frequency command source
Multi-function Input Contact Selection
Settings
OFF: Operation command via Pr.02.01 setting
Unit: 1
0 to 4095
Factory Setting: 0
This parameter can be used to set the status of multi-function terminals (MI1~MI6 (N.O./N.C.)
for standard AC motor drive).
The MI1~MI3 setting will be invalid when the operation command source is external terminal
(2/3wire).
Weights
Bit
5
4
3
2
1
0
0=N.O
1=N.C
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
The Setting method: It needs to convert binary number (6-bit) to decimal number for input.
For example: if setting MI3, MI5, MI6 to be N.C. and MI1, MI2, MI4 to be N.O. The setting
value Pr.04.09 should be bit5X25+bit4X24+bit2X22= 1X25+1X24+1X22= 32+16+4=52 as shown
in the following.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
0=N.O
1=N.C
Weights
1
Bit
1
0
1
0
0
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
The setting value
5
4
2
= bit5x2 +bit4x2 +bit2x2
5
4
2
= 1x2 +1x2 +1x2
=32+16+4 =52
Setting 04.09
04.10
14
13
2 =16384 2 =8192
9
2 =512
4
2 =16
8
2 =256
3
2 =8
12
11
2 =4096
7
2 =128
2
2 =4
2 =2048
6
2 =64
1
2 =2
10
2 =1024
5
2 =32
0
2 =1
Unit: 2 msec
Digital Terminal Input Debouncing Time
Settings
NOTE:
Factory Setting: 1
1 to 20
This parameter is to delay the signals on digital input terminals. 1 unit is 2 msec, 2 units are 4
msec, etc. The delay time is to debounce noisy signals that could cause the digital terminals to
malfunction.
04.26 Display the Status of Multi-function Input Terminal
Settings
Display
Read Only
Factory setting: ##
Bit0: MI1 Status
Bit1: MI2 Status
Bit2: MI3 Status
Bit3: MI4 Status
Bit4: MI5 Status
Bit5: MI6 Status
The multi-function input terminals are falling-edge triggered. For standard AC motor drive,
there are MI1 to MI6 and Pr.04.26 will display 63 (111111) for no action.
Weights
Bit
5 4 3 2 1 0
0=Active
1=off
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
For Example:
If Pr.04.26 displays 52, it means MI1, MI2 and MI4 are active.
The display value 52= 32+16+4 =1 X 25+ 1X 24 + 1X 22 = bit 6 X 25+ bit 5 X 24 + bit 3 X 22
Weights
Bit
1
1
0
1
0
0
0=Active
1=Off
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
04.27
Unit: 1
Internal/External Multi-function Input Terminals Selection
Settings
Factory Setting: 0
0 to 4095
This parameter is used to select the terminals to be internal terminal or external terminal. You
can activate internal terminals by Pr.04.28. A terminal cannot be both internal terminal and
external terminal at the same time.
For standard AC motor drive, the multi-function input terminals are MI1 to MI6 as shown in the
following.
Weights
Bit
5
4
3
2
1
0
0=external terminal
1=internal terminal
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
The Setting method is convert binary number to decimal number for input.
For example: if setting MI3, MI5, MI6 to be internal terminals and MI1, MI2, MI4 to be external
terminals. The setting value should be bit5X25+bit4X24+bit2X22= 1X25+1X24+1X22=
32+16+4=52 as shown in the following.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
0=external terminal
1=internal terminal
Weights
1
Bit
1
0
1
0
0
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
04.28
Unit: 1
Internal Terminal Status
Settings
Factory Setting: 0
0 to 4095
This parameter is used to set the internal terminal action via keypad or communication.
For standard AC motor drive, the multi-function input terminals are MI1 to MI6 as shown in the
following.
Weights
Bit
5
4
3
2
1
0
0=set internal terminal to be OFF
1= set internal terminal to be ON
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
For example, if setting MI3, MI5 and MI6 to be ON, Pr.04.28 should be set to
bit5X25+bit4X24+bit2X22= 1X25+1X24+1X22= 32+16+4=52 as shown in the following.
Weights
Bit
1
1
0
1
0
0
0=OFF
1=ON
MI1
MI2
MI3
MI4
MI5
MI6
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Group 5: Multi-step speeds parameters
05.00
1st Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.01
2nd Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.02
3rd Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.03
4th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.04
5th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.05
6th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.06
7th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.07
8th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.08
9th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.09
10th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.10
11th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.11
12th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.12
13th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.13
14th Step Speed Frequency
Unit: 0.01
05.14
15th Step Speed Frequency
Settings
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
The Multi-function Input Terminals (refer to Pr.04.05 to 04.08) are used to select one of the AC
motor drive Multi-step speeds. The speeds (frequencies) are determined by Pr.05.00 to 05.14
as shown in the following.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
05.07
Frequency
05.06
05.08
05.05
05.09
05.04
05.10
05.03
05.11
05.02
05.12
05.01
JOG Freq.
01.15
05.13
05.00
05.14
Master Speed
04.05~04.08
Multi-function
terminals
Run/Stop
PU/external terminals
/communication
1st speed
( MI3 to MI6 1)
2nd speed
( MI3 to MI6 2)
3rd speed
( MI3 to MI6 3)
4th speed
( MI3 to MI6 4)
Jog Freq.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15
ON
OFF ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
Multi-speed via External Terminals
4-66
MI6=4
MI5=3
MI4=2
MI3=1
Master frequency
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
1st speed
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
2nd speed
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
3rd speed
4th speed
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
5th speed
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
6th speed
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
7th speed
OFF
ON
ON
ON
8th speed
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
9th speed
10th speed
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
11th speed
ON
OFF
ON
ON
12th speed
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
13th speed
ON
ON
OFF
ON
14th speed
15th speed
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Group 6: Protection Parameters
06.00
Over-Voltage Stall Prevention
Unit: 0.1
Settings 115V/230V series 330.0 to 410.0V
Factory Setting: 390.0
460V series
660.0 to 820.0V
0
Disable Over-voltage Stall Prevention (with brake unit or
brake resistor)
Factory Setting: 780.0
During deceleration, the DC bus voltage may exceed its Maximum Allowable Value due to
motor regeneration. When this function is enabled, the AC motor drive will not decelerate
further and keep the output frequency constant until the voltage drops below the preset value
again.
Over-Voltage Stall Prevention must be disabled (Pr.06.00=0) when a brake unit or brake
resistor is used.
NOTE
With moderate inertia load, over-voltage stall prevention will not occur and the real deceleration time
will be equal to the setting of deceleration time. The AC drive will automatically extend the
deceleration time with high inertia loads. If the deceleration time is critical for the application, a brake
resistor or brake unit should be used.
high voltage at DC side
over-voltage
detection level
time
output
frequency
Frequency Held
Deceleration characteristic
when Over-Voltage Stall
Prevention enabled
time
previous deceleration time
actual time to decelerate to stop when over-voltage
stall prevention is enabled
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
06.01
Over-Current Stall Prevention during Acceleration
Settings
Unit: 1
20 to 250%
Factory Setting: 170
0: disable
A setting of 100% is equal to the Rated Output Current of the drive.
During acceleration, the AC drive output current may increase abruptly and exceed the value
specified by Pr.06.01 due to rapid acceleration or excessive load on the motor. When this
function is enabled, the AC drive will stop accelerating and keep the output frequency constant
until the current drops below the maximum value.
06.01
Over-Current
Detection
Level
output current
setting
frequency
Over-Current Stall
prevention during
Acceleration,
frequency held
Output
Frequency
time
previous acceleration time
actual acceleration time when over-current stall
prevention is enabled
06.02
Over-current Stall Prevention during Operation
Settings
20 to 250%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 170
0: disable
If the output current exceeds the setting specified in Pr.06.02 when the drive is operating, the
drive will decrease its output frequency to prevent the motor stall. If the output current is lower
than the setting specified in Pr.06.02, the drive will accelerate again to catch up with the set
frequency command value.
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Over-Current
Detection
Level
06.02
Over-Current Stall
Prevention during
Operation, output
frequency decrease
Chapter 4 Parameters|
Output Current
Output
Frequency
over-current stall prevention during operation
06.03
Over-Torque Detection Mode (OL2)
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Over-Torque detection disabled.
1
Over-Torque detection enabled during constant speed operation.
After over-torque is detected, keep running until OL1 or OL occurs.
2
Over-Torque detection enabled during constant speed operation.
After over-torque is detected, stop running.
3
Over-Torque detection enabled during acceleration. After overtorque is detected, keep running until OL1 or OL occurs.
4
Over-Torque detection enabled during acceleration. After overtorque is detected, stop running.
This parameter determines the operation mode of the drive after the over-torque (OL2) is
detected via the following method: if the output current exceeds the over-torque detection level
(Pr.06.04) longer than the setting of Pr.06.05 Over-Torque Detection Time, the warning
message “OL2” is displayed. If a Multi-functional Output Terminal is set to over-torque
detection (Pr.03.00=04), the output is on. Please refer to Pr.03.00 for details.
06.04
Over-Torque Detection Level (OL2)
Settings
10 to 200%
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 150
This setting is proportional to the Rated Output Current of the drive.
06.05
Over-Torque Detection Time (OL2)
Settings
0.1 to 60.0 sec
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.1
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
This parameter sets the time for how long over-torque must be detected before “OL2” is
displayed.
06.06
Electronic Thermal Overload Relay Selection (OL1)
Factory Setting: 2
Settings
Operate with a Standard Motor (self-cooled by fan)
1
Operate with a Special Motor (forced external cooling)
2
Operation disabled
100
80
60
40
20
25
50
100
rated frequency of the motor %
150
rated current of the motor%
This function is used to protect the motor from overloading or overheating.
rated current of the motor%
0
100
80
60
40
20
25
Standard motor
(self-cooled by fan)
06.07
150
Special Motor
(forced external cooling)
Electronic Thermal Characteristic
Settings
50
100
rated frequency of the motor %
Unit: 1
30 to 600 sec
Factory Setting: 60
The parameter determines the time required for activating the I2t electronic thermal protection
function. The graph below shows I2t curves for 150% output power for 1 minute.
Operation
time (seconds)
350
300
50Hz or more
10Hz
250
5Hz
200
150
100
50
Load
0
4-70
50
100
150
200
250 factor (%)
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
06.08
Present Fault Record
06.09
Second Most Recent Fault Record
06.10
Third Most Recent Fault Record
06.11
Fourth Most Recent Fault Record
06.12
Fifth Most Recent Fault Record
Factory Setting: 0
Readings
0
No fault
1
Over-current (oc)
2
Over-voltage (ov)
3
IGBT Overheat (oH1)
4
Reserved
5
Overload(oL)
6
Overload (oL1)
7
Motor Overload (oL2)
8
External Fault (EF)
9
Hardware protection failure (HPF)
10
Current exceeds 2 times rated current during accel.(ocA)
11
Current exceeds 2 times rated current during decel.(ocd)
12
Current exceeds 2 times rated current during steady state
operation (ocn)
13
Reserved
14
Phase-loss (PHL)
15
Reserved
16
Auto accel/decel failure (CFA)
17
Software/password protection (codE)
18
Power Board CPU WRITE Failure (cF1.0)
19
Power Board CPU READ Failure (cF2.0)
20
CC, OC Hardware protection failure (HPF1)
21
OV Hardware protection failure (HPF2)
22
GFF Hardware protection failure (HPF3)
23
OC Hardware protection failure (HPF4)
24
U-phase error (cF3.0)
25
V-phase error (cF3.1)
26
W-phase error (cF3.2)
27
DCBUS error (cF3.3)
28
IGBT Overheat (cF3.4)
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
29-31
Reserved
32
ACI signal error (AErr)
33
Reserved
34
Motor PTC overheat protection (PtC1)
35-40
Reserved
In Pr.06.08 to Pr.06.12 the five most recent faults that occurred, are stored. After removing the
cause of the fault, use the reset command to reset the drive.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Group 7: Motor Parameters
07.00
Motor Rated Current
Settings
30% FLA to 120% FLA
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: FLA
Use the following formula to calculate the percentage value entered in this parameter:
(Motor Current / AC Drive Current) x 100%
with Motor Current=Motor rated current in A on type shield
AC Drive Current=Rated current of AC drive in A (see Pr.00.01)
07.01
Motor No-load Current
Settings
0% FLA to 90% FLA
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 0.4*FLA
The rated current of the AC drive is regarded as 100%. The setting of the Motor no-load
current will affect the slip compensation.
The setting value must be less than Pr.07.00 (Motor Rated Current).
07.02
Torque Compensation
Settings
0.0 to 10.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.0
This parameter may be set so that the AC drive will increase its voltage output to obtain a
higher torque.
Too high torque compensation can overheat the motor.
07.03
Slip Compensation
Settings
0.00 to 10.00
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
While driving an asynchronous motor, increasing the load on the AC motor drive will cause an
increase in slip and decrease in speed. This parameter may be used to compensate the slip by
increasing the output frequency. When the output current of the AC motor drive is bigger than
the motor no-load current (Pr.07.01), the AC drive will adjust its output frequency according to
this parameter.
07.04
Reserved
07.05
Reserved
07.06
Reserved
07.07
Reserved
07.08
Reserved
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
07.09
Reserved
07.10
Accumulative Motor Operation Time (Min.)
Settings
07.11
Factory Setting: 0
Accumulative Motor Operation Time (Day)
Settings
Unit: 1
0~1439
Unit: 1
0 ~65535
Factory Setting: 0
Pr.07.10 and Pr.07.11 are used to record the motor operation time. They can be cleared by
setting to 0 and time is less than 1 minute is not recorded.
07.12
Motor PTC Overheat Protection
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
07.14
Disable
1
Enable
Motor PTC Overheat Protection Level
Settings
0
Unit: 0.1
0.1~10.0V
Factory Setting: 2.4
When the motor is running at low frequency for a long time, the cooling function of the motor
fan will be lower. To prevent overheating, it needs to have a Positive Temperature Coefficient
thermoistor on the motor and connect its output signal to the drive’s corresponding control
terminals.
When the source of first/second frequency command is set to AVI (02.00=1/02.09=1), it will
disable the function of motor PTC overheat protection (i.e. Pr.07.12 cannot be set to 1).
If temperature exceeds the setting level, motor will be coast to stop and
is
displayed. When the temperature decreases below the level of (Pr.07.15-Pr.07.16) and
stops blinking, you can press RESET key to clear the fault.
Pr.07.14 (overheat protection level) must exceed Pr.07.15 (overheat warning level).
The PTC uses the AVI-input and is connected via resistor-divider as shown below.
1.
The voltage between +10V to ACM: lies within 10.4V~11.2V.
2.
The impedance for AVI is around 47kΩ.
3.
Recommended value for resistor-divider R1 is 1~10kΩ.
4.
Please contact your motor dealer for the curve of temperature and resistance value for
PTC.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
VFD-EL
+10V
resistor-divider
R1
AVI
47kΩ
PTC
ACM
internal circuit
Refer to following calculation for protection level and warning level.
1.
Protection level
Pr.07.14= V+10 * (RPTC1//47K) / [R1+( RPTC1//47K)]
2.
Warning level
Pr.07.16= V+10 * (RPTC2//47K) / [R1+( RPTC2//47K)]
3.
Definition:
V+10: voltage between +10V-ACM, Range 10.4~11.2VDC
RPTC1: motor PTC overheat protection level. Corresponding voltage level set in Pr.07.14,
RPTC2: motor PTC overheat warning level. Corresponding voltage level set in Pr.07.15,
47kΩ: is AVI input impedance, R1: resistor-divider (recommended value: 1~20kΩ)
Take the standard PTC thermistor as example: if protection level is 1330Ω, the voltage
between +10V-ACM is 10.5V and resistor-divider R1 is 4.4kΩ. Refer to following calculation
for Pr.07.14 setting.
1330//47000=(1330*47000)/(1330+47000)=1293.4
10.5*1293.4/(4400+1293.4)=2.38(V) ≒2.4(V)
Therefore, Pr.07.14 should be set to 2.4.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
resistor value ( Ω)
1330
550
Tr
Tr-5℃
07.15
Motor PTC Overheat Warning Level
Settings
07.16
Unit: 0.1
0.1~10.0V
Factory Setting: 1.2
Motor PTC Overheat Reset Delta Level
Settings
07.17
temperature (℃)
Tr+5℃
Unit: 0.1
0.1~5.0V
Factory Setting: 0.6
Treatment of the motor PTC Overheat
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Warn and RAMP to stop
1
Warn and COAST to stop
2
Warn and keep running
If temperature exceeds the motor PTC overheat warning level (Pr.07.15), the drive will act
according to Pr.07.17 and display
. If the temperature decreases below the result
(Pr.07.15 minus Pr.07.16), the warning display will disappear.
07.13
Input Debouncing Time of the PTC Protection
Settings
0~9999 (is 0-19998ms)
Unit: 2ms
Factory Setting: 100
This parameter is to delay the signals on PTC analog input terminals. 1 unit is 2 msec, 2 units
are 4 msec, etc.
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Group 8: Special Parameters
08.00
DC Brake Current Level
Settings
Unit: 1
0 to 100%
Factory Setting: 0
This parameter sets the level of DC Brake Current output to the motor during start-up and
stopping. When setting DC Brake Current, the Rated Current (Pr.00.01) is regarded as 100%.
It is recommended to start with a low DC Brake Current Level and then increase until proper
holding torque has been achieved.
08.01
DC Brake Time during Start-up
Settings
Unit: 0.1
0.0 to 60.0 sec
Factory Setting: 0.0
This parameter determines the duration of the DC Brake current after a RUN command. When
the time has elapsed, the AC motor drive will start accelerating from the Minimum Frequency
(Pr.01.05).
08.02
DC Brake Time during Stopping
Settings
Unit: 0.1
0.0 to 60.0 sec
Factory Setting: 0.0
This parameter determines the duration of the DC Brake current during stopping. If stopping
with DC Brake is desired, Pr.02.02 Stop Method must be set to 0 or 2 for Ramp to Stop.
08.03
Start-Point for DC Brake
Settings
Unit: 0.01
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Factory Setting: 0.00
This parameter determines the frequency when DC Brake will begin during deceleration.
O utp ut Fr eq ue ncy
S tar t-P oi nt fo r
DC B ra ke
Ti me d ur in g
0 1.0 5
S top pi ng 0 8.0 3
Mi ni mum O utp ut
Fr eq ue ncy
DC B ra ke Ti me
d ur in g S top pi ng
Ru n/S top
ON
OFF
DC Br ak e T ime
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DC Brake during Start-up is used for loads that may move before the AC drive starts, such as
fans and pumps. Under such circumstances, DC Brake can be used to hold the load in
position before setting it in motion.
DC Brake during stopping is used to shorten the stopping time and also to hold a stopped load
in position. For high inertia loads, a brake resistor for dynamic brake may also be needed for
fast decelerations.
08.04
Momentary Power Loss Operation Selection
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Operation stops (coast to stop) after momentary power loss.
1
Operation continues after momentary power loss, speed search
starts with the Master Frequency reference value.
2
Operation continues after momentary power loss, speed search
starts with the minimum frequency.
This parameter determines the operation mode when the AC motor drive restarts from a
momentary power loss.
08.05
Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time
Settings
0.1 to 5.0 sec
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 2.0
If the duration of a power loss is less than this parameter setting, the AC motor drive will
resume operation. If it exceeds the Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time, the AC motor drive
output is then turned off (coast stop).
The selected operation after power loss in Pr.08.04 is only executed when the maximum
allowable power loss time is ≤5 seconds and the AC motor drive displays “Lu”.
But if the AC motor drive is powered off due to overload, even if the maximum allowable power
loss time is ≤5 seconds, the operation mode as set in Pr.08.04 is not executed. In that case it
starts up normally.
08.06
Base Block Speed Search
Factory Setting: 1
Settings
0
Disable
1
Speed search starts with last frequency command
2
Speed search starts with minimum output frequency (Pr.01.05)
This parameter determines the AC motor drive restart method after External Base Block is
enabled.
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Output frequency
(H)
Input B.B. signal
Output voltage(V)
Disable B.B. signal
Stop output voltage
Waiting time 08.07
A
08.08 Current Limit
for Speed SearchSpeed
Speed Search
Synchronization speed detection
Time
FWD Run
B.B.
Fig 1:B.B. Speed Search with Last Output Frequency Downward Timing Chart
(Speed Search Current Attains Speed Search Level)
Output frequency
(H)
Input B.B. signal
Stop output voltage
Disable B.B. signal
Waiting time 08.07
08.08 Current Limit
A
for Speed SearchSpeed
Speed Search
Synchronization speed detection
Time
FWD Run
B.B.
Fig 2: B.B. Speed Search with Last Output Frequency Downward Timing Chart
(Speed Search Current doesn't Attain Speed Search Level)
Input B.B. signal
Output frequency
(H)
Stop output voltage
Disable B.B. signal
06.01
Over current
A
stall prevention
A
during acceleration
Waiting time 08.07
Restart
Synchronization speed detection
Keep accelerating
Time
FWD Run
B.B.
Fig3: B.B. Speed Search with Minimum Output Frequency Upward Timing Chart
08.07
Baseblock Time for Speed Search (BB)
Settings
0.1 to 5.0 sec
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Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.5
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When momentary power loss is detected, the AC motor drive will block its output and then wait
for a specified period of time (determined by Pr.08.07, called Base-Block Time) before
resuming operation. This parameter should be set at a value to ensure that any residual
regeneration voltage from the motor on the output has disappeared before the drive is
activated again.
This parameter also determines the waiting time before resuming operation after External
Baseblock and Auto Restart after Fault (Pr.08.15).
08.08
Current Limit for Speed Search
Settings
Unit: 1
30 to 200%
Factory Setting: 150
Following a momentary power loss, the AC motor drive will start its speed search operation
only if the output current is greater than the value set by Pr.08.08. When the output current is
less than the value of Pr.08.08, the AC motor drive output frequency is at “speed
synchronization point”. The drive will start to accelerate or decelerate back to the operating
frequency at which it was running prior to the power loss.
Power
Input
08.05
Maximum Allowable
Power Loss Time
Speed Search
Output
Frequency
08.04=1
Baseblock Time
08.06
Speed
Synchronization
Detection
08.05
Maximum
Allowable Power
08.04=2
Baseblock Time
08.06
Output
Voltage
08.09
Skip Frequency 1 Upper Limit
Unit: 0.01
08.10
Skip Frequency 1 Lower Limit
Unit: 0.01
08.11
Skip Frequency 2 Upper Limit
Unit: 0.01
08.12
Skip Frequency 2 Lower Limit
Unit: 0.01
08.13
Skip Frequency 3 Upper Limit
Unit: 0.01
08.14
Skip Frequency 3 Lower Limit
Settings
4-80
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
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These parameters set the Skip Frequencies. It will cause the AC motor drive never to remain
within these frequency ranges with continuous frequency output.
These six parameters should be set as follows Pr.08.09 ≥ Pr.08.10 ≥ Pr.08.11 ≥ Pr.08.12 ≥
Pr.08.13 ≥ Pr.08.14.
The frequency ranges may be overlapping.
internal frequency command
08.15
08.10
08.11
08.12
08.13
08.14
0
setting frequency
Auto Restart After Fault
Settings
0 to 10
0
08.09
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 0
Disable
Only after an over-current OC or over-voltage OV fault occurs, the AC motor drive can be
reset/restarted automatically up to 10 times.
Setting this parameter to 0 will disable automatic reset/restart operation after any fault has
occurred.
When enabled, the AC motor drive will restart with speed search, which starts at the frequency
before the fault. To set the waiting time before restart after a fault, please set Pr. 08.07 Base
Block Time for Speed Search.
08.16
Auto Reset Time at Restart after Fault
Settings
0.1 to 6000 sec
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 60.0
This parameter should be used in conjunction with Pr.08.15.
For example: If Pr.08.15 is set to 10 and Pr.08.16 is set to 600s (10 min), and if there is no
fault for over 600 seconds from the restart for the previous fault, the auto reset times for restart
after fault will be reset to 10.
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08.17
Automatic Energy-saving
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Energy-saving operation disabled
1
Energy-saving operation enabled
Output
Voltage
100%
70%
During auto-energy saving
operation is the output
voltage lowered as much
as possible to keep the load.
The output voltage is maximally
lowered to 70% of the normal
output voltage
Output Frequency
08.18
Automatic Voltage Regulation (AVR)
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
AVR function enabled
1
AVR function disabled
2
AVR function disabled for deceleration
3
AVR function disabled for stop
The rated voltage of the motor is usually 230V/200VAC 50Hz/60Hz and the input voltage of
the AC motor drive may vary between 180V to 264 VAC 50Hz/60Hz. Therefore, when the AC
motor drive is used without AVR function, the output voltage will be the same as the input
voltage. When the motor runs at voltages exceeding the rated voltage with 12% - 20%, its
lifetime will be shorter and it can be damaged due to higher temperature, failing insulation and
unstable torque output.
AVR function automatically regulates the AC motor drive output voltage to the Maximum
Output Voltage (Pr.01.02). For instance, if Pr.01.02 is set at 200 VAC and the input voltage is
at 200V to 264VAC, then the Maximum Output Voltage will automatically be reduced to a
maximum of 200VAC.
When the motor ramps to stop, the deceleration time is longer. When setting this parameter to
2 with auto acceleration/deceleration, the deceleration will be quicker.
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08.19
08.20
Reserved
Compensation Coefficient for Motor Instability
Settings
0.0~5.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.0
The drift current will occur in a specific zone of the motor and it will make motor instable. By
using this parameter, it will improve this situation greatly.
The drift current zone of the high-power motors is usually in the low frequency area.
It is recommended to set to more than 2.0.
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Group 9: Communication Parameters
There is a built-in RS-485 serial interface, marked RJ-45 near to the control terminals. The pins are
defined below:
8 1
RS-485
Serial interface
3: GND
1: Reserved 2: EV
4: SG5: SG+
6: Reserved
7: Reserved 8: Reserved
Each VFD-EL AC motor drive has a pre-assigned communication address specified by Pr.09.00. The
RS485 master then controls each AC motor drive according to its communication address.
09.00
Communication Address
Settings
1 to 254
Factory Setting: 1
If the AC motor drive is controlled by RS-485 serial communication, the communication
address for this drive must be set via this parameter. And the communication address for each
AC motor drive must be different and unique.
09.01
Transmission Speed
Factory Setting: 1
Settings
0
Baud rate 4800 bps (bits / second)
1
Baud rate 9600 bps
2
Baud rate 19200 bps
3
Baud rate 38400 bps
This parameter is used to set the transmission speed between the RS485 master (PC, etc.)
and AC motor drive.
09.02
Transmission Fault Treatment
Factory Setting: 3
Settings
0
Warn and keep operating
1
Warn and RAMP to stop
2
Warn and COAST to stop
3
No warning and keep operating
This parameter is set to how to react if transmission errors occur.
See list of error messages below (see section 3.6.)
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09.03
Time-out Detection
Settings
0.0 to 120.0 sec
0.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 0.0
Disable
If Pr.09.03 is not equal to 0.0, Pr.09.02=0~2, and there is no communication on the bus during
the Time Out detection period (set by Pr.09.03), “cE10” will be shown on the keypad.
09.04
Communication Protocol
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,N,2>
1
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,E,1>
2
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,O,1>
3
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,N,2>
4
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,E,1>
5
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,O,1>
6
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,N,1>
7
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,E,2>
8
Modbus RTU mode, protocol <8,O,2>
9
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,N,1>
10
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,E,2>
11
Modbus ASCII mode, protocol <7,O,2>
1. Control by PC
A VFD-EL can be set up to communicate in Modbus networks using one of the following
modes: ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) or RTU (Remote
Terminal Unit). Users can select the desired mode along with the serial port
communication protocol in Pr.09.04.
Code Description:
The CPU will be about 1 second delay when using communication reset. Therefore, there
is at least 1 second delay time in master station.
ASCII mode:
Each 8-bit data is the combination of two ASCII characters. For example, a 1-byte data:
64 Hex, shown as ‘64’ in ASCII, consists of ‘6’ (36Hex) and ‘4’ (34Hex).
Character
‘0’
‘1’
‘2’
‘3’
‘4’
‘5’
‘6’
ASCII code
30H
31H
32H
33H
34H
35H
36H
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‘7’
37H
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Character
ASCII code
‘8’
38H
‘9’
39H
‘A’
41H
‘B’
42H
‘C’
43H
‘D’
44H
‘E’
45H
‘F’
46H
RTU mode:
Each 8-bit data is the combination of two 4-bit hexadecimal characters. For example, 64
Hex.
2. Data Format
For ASCII:
( 7.N.2)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
5
4
6
Stop
bit
Stop
bit
7-bit character
10-bit character frame
( 7.E.1)
Start
bit
0
1
3
2
4
5
6
Even Stop
parity bit
7-bit character
10-bit character frame
( 7.O.1)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Odd
Stop
parity bit
7-bit character
10-bit character frame
( 7.N.1)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
5
6
Stop
bit
7-bit character
9-bit character frame
( 7.E.2)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
Even Stop Stop
bit
parity bit
7-bit character
11-bit character frame
( 7.O.2)
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Odd
Stop Stop
bit
parity bit
7-bit character
11-bit character frame
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For RTU:
( 8.N.2 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Stop Stop
bit
bit
6
7
Even Stop
parity bit
6
7
8-bit character
11-bit character frame
( 8.E.1 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
5
4
8-bit character
11-bit character frame
( 8.O.1 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
5
4
Odd
Stop
parity bit
8-bit character
11-bit character frame
( 8.N.1 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Stop
bit
6
7
Even Stop Stop
parity bit
bit
6
7
Odd Stop Stop
parity bit
bit
8-bit character
10-bit character frame
( 8.E.2 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
8-bit character
12-bit character frame
( 8.O.2 )
Start
bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
8-bit character
12-bit character frame
3. Communication Protocol
3.1 Communication Data Frame:
ASCII mode:
STX
Start character ‘:’ (3AH)
Address Hi
Communication address:
Address Lo
8-bit address consists of 2 ASCII codes
Function Hi
Command code:
Function Lo
8-bit command consists of 2 ASCII codes
DATA (n-1)
Contents of data:
to
DATA 0
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Nx8-bit data consist of 2n ASCII codes
n<=20, maximum of 40 ASCII codes
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LRC CHK Hi
LRC check sum:
LRC CHK Lo
8-bit check sum consists of 2 ASCII codes
END Hi
End characters:
END Lo
END1= CR (0DH), END0= LF(0AH)
START
A silent interval of more than 10 ms
RTU mode:
Address
Communication address: 8-bit address
Function
Command code: 8-bit command
DATA (n-1)
to
DATA 0
Contents of data:
n×8-bit data, n<=40 (20 x 16-bit data)
CRC CHK Low
CRC check sum:
CRC CHK High
16-bit check sum consists of 2 8-bit characters
END
A silent interval of more than 10 ms
3.2 Address (Communication Address)
Valid communication addresses are in the range of 0 to 254. A communication address equal
to 0, means broadcast to all AC drives (AMD). In this case, the AMD will not reply any
message to the master device.
00H: broadcast to all AC drives
01H: AC drive of address 01
0FH: AC drive of address 15
10H: AC drive of address 16
:
FEH: AC drive of address 254
For example, communication to AMD with address 16 decimal (10H):
ASCII mode: Address=’1’,’0’ => ‘1’=31H, ‘0’=30H
RTU mode: Address=10H
3.3 Function (Function code) and DATA (data characters)
The format of data characters depends on the function code.
03H: read data from register
06H: write single register
08H: loop detection
The available function codes and examples for VFD-EL are described as follows:
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(1) 03H: multi read, read data from registers.
Example: reading continuous 2 data from register address 2102H, AMD address is 01H.
ASCII mode:
Response message:
Command message:
STX
Address
Function
Starting data
address
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘3’
STX
Address
Function
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘3’
‘2’
Number of data
‘0’
‘1’
(Count by byte)
‘4’
‘0’
‘1’
‘2’
Content of starting
address
‘0’
2102H
‘7’
‘7’
Number of data
‘0’
‘0’
(count by word)
‘0’
‘0’
‘2’
LRC Check
END
‘D’
Content of address
2103H
‘7’
CR
LF
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
LRC Check
END
‘7’
‘1’
CR
LF
RTU mode:
Command message:
Response message:
Address
01H
Address
01H
Function
03H
Function
03H
Starting data
address
21H
Number of data
02H
(count by byte)
Number of data
00H
(count by word)
02H
Content of address
2102H
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04H
17H
70H
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CRC CHK Low
6FH
CRC CHK High
F7H
Content of address
2103H
00H
00H
CRC CHK Low
FEH
CRC CHK High
5CH
(2) 06H: single write, write single data to register.
Example: writing data 6000(1770H) to register 0100H. AMD address is 01H.
ASCII mode:
Command message:
STX
Address
Function
‘:’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘6’
Response message:
STX
Address
Function
‘0’
Data address
Data content
‘1’
‘0’
END
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
‘6’
‘0’
Data address
‘1’
‘0’
‘0’
‘0’
‘1’
‘1’
‘7’
‘7’
Data content
‘0’
LRC Check
‘:’
‘7’
‘1’
CR
LF
‘7’
‘7’
‘0’
LRC Check
END
‘7’
‘1’
CR
LF
RTU mode:
Response message:
Command message:
Address
01H
Address
01H
Function
06H
Function
06H
Data address
4-90
01H
00H
Data address
01H
00H
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17H
Data content
Data content
70H
17H
70H
CRC CHK Low
86H
CRC CHK Low
86H
CRC CHK High
22H
CRC CHK High
22H
3.4 Check sum
ASCII mode:
LRC (Longitudinal Redundancy Check) is calculated by summing up, module 256, the values
of the bytes from ADR1 to last data character then calculating the hexadecimal
representation of the 2’s-complement negation of the sum.
For example, reading 1 word from address 0401H of the AC drive with address 01H.
STX
‘:’
Address 1
‘0’
Address 0
‘1’
Function 1
‘0’
Function 0
‘3’
‘0’
Starting data address
‘4’
‘0’
‘1’
‘0’
Number of data
‘0’
‘0’
‘1’
LRC Check 1
LRC Check 0
END 1
END 0
‘F’
‘6’
CR
LF
01H+03H+04H+01H+00H+01H=0AH, the 2’s-complement negation of 0AH is F6H.
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RTU mode:
Address
01H
Function
03H
Starting data address
21H
02H
Number of data
00H
(count by word)
02H
CRC CHK Low
6FH
CRC CHK High
F7H
CRC (Cyclical Redundancy Check) is calculated by the following steps:
Step 1: Load a 16-bit register (called CRC register) with FFFFH.
Step 2: Exclusive OR the first 8-bit byte of the command message with the low order byte of
the 16-bit CRC register, putting the result in the CRC register.
Step 3: Examine the LSB of CRC register.
Step 4: If the LSB of CRC register is 0, shift the CRC register one bit to the right with MSB
zero filling, then repeat step 3. If the LSB of CRC register is 1, shift the CRC register one bit
to the right with MSB zero filling, Exclusive OR the CRC register with the polynomial value
A001H, then repeat step 3.
Step 5: Repeat step 3 and 4 until eight shifts have been performed. When this is done, a
complete 8-bit byte will have been processed.
Step 6: Repeat step 2 to 5 for the next 8-bit byte of the command message. Continue doing
this until all bytes have been processed. The final contents of the CRC register are the CRC
value. When transmitting the CRC value in the message, the upper and lower bytes of the
CRC value must be swapped, i.e. the lower order byte will be transmitted first.
The following is an example of CRC generation using C language. The function takes two
arguments:
Unsigned char* data Å a pointer to the message buffer
Unsigned char length Å the quantity of bytes in the message buffer
The function returns the CRC value as a type of unsigned integer.
Unsigned int crc_chk(unsigned char* data, unsigned char length){
int j;
unsigned int reg_crc=0xFFFF;
while(length--){
reg_crc ^= *data++;
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for(j=0;j<8;j++){
if(reg_crc & 0x01){ /* LSB(b0)=1 */
reg_crc=(reg_crc>>1) ^ 0xA001;
}else{
reg_crc=reg_crc >>1;
}
}
}
return reg_crc;
}
3.5 Address list
The contents of available addresses are shown as below:
Content
AC drive
Parameters
Address
GGnnH
Function
GG means parameter group, nn means parameter number,
for example, the address of Pr 04.01 is 0401H. Refer to
chapter 5 for the function of each parameter. When reading
parameter by command code 03H, only one parameter can
be read at one time.
00B: No function
Bit 0-1
01B: Stop
10B: Run
11B: Jog + Run
Bit 2-3
00B: No function
2000H
Bit 4-5
Command
Reserved
Write only
01B: FWD
10B: REV
11B: Change direction
Bit 6-7
Bit 8-15
2001H
2002H
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
00B: Comm. forced 1st accel/decel
01B: Comm. forced 2nd accel/decel
Reserved
Frequency command
Bit 0
1: EF (external fault) on
Bit 1
1: Reset
Bit 2-15
Reserved
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Content
Address
Status
monitor
2100H
Function
Error code:
Read only
0: No error occurred
1: Over-current (oc)
2: Over-voltage (ov)
3: IGBT Overheat (oH1)
4: Reserved
5: Overload (oL)
6: Overload1 (oL1)
7: Overload2 (oL2)
8: External fault (EF)
9: Current exceeds 2 times rated current during accel (ocA)
10: Current exceeds 2 times rated current during decel (ocd)
11: Current exceeds 2 times rated current during steady state
operation (ocn)
12: Ground Fault (GFF)
Status
monitor
13: Reserved
14: PHL (Phase-Loss)
Read only
2100H
15: Reserved
16: Auto accel/decel failure (cFA)
17: Software protection enabled (codE)
18: Power Board CPU WRITE failure (CF1.0)
19: Power Board CPU READ failure (CF2.0)
20: CC, OC Hardware protection failure (HPF1)
21: OV Hardware protection failure (HPF2)
22: GFF Hardware protection failure (HPF3)
23: OC Hardware protection failure (HPF4)
24: U-phase error (cF3.0)
25: V-phase error (cF3.1)
26: W-phase error (cF3.2)
27: DCBUS error (cF3.3)
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Content
Address
Function
28: IGBT Overheat (cF3.4)
29: Reserved
30: Reserved
31: Reserved
32: ACI signal error (AErr)
33: Reserved
34: Motor PTC overheat protection (PtC1)
Status of AC drive
00B: RUN LED is off, STOP LED is on (The AC
motor Drive stops)
Bit 0-1
01B: RUN LED blinks, STOP LED is on (When
AC motor drive decelerates to stop)
10B: RUN LED is on, STOP LED blinks (When
AC motor drive is standby)
11B: RUN LED is on, STOP LED is off (When AC
motor drive runs)
Bit 2
1: JOG command
Bit 3-4
00B: FWD LED is on, REV LED is off (When AC
motor drive runs forward)
2101H
01B: FWD LED is on, REV LED blinks (When AC
motor drive runs from reverse to forward)
10B: FWD LED blinks, REV LED is on (When AC
motor drive runs from forward to reverse)
11B: FWD LED is off, REV LED is on (When AC
motor drive runs reverse)
Bit 5-7
Reserved
Bit 8
1: Master frequency Controlled by communication
interface
Bit 9
1: Master frequency controlled by analog signal
Bit 10
1: Operation command controlled by
communication interface
Bit 11-15
Reserved
2102H
Frequency command (F)
2103H
Output frequency (H)
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Content
Address
Function
2104H
Output current (AXX.X)
2105H
Reserved
2106H
Display analog signal of PID feedback input terminal
2107H
Reserved
2108H
DC-BUS Voltage (UXXX.X)
2109H
Output voltage (EXXX.X)
210AH
Display temperature of IGBT (°C)
2116H
User defined (Low word)
2117H
User defined (High word)
Note: 2116H is number display of Pr.00.04. High byte of 2117H is number of decimal places
of 2116H. Low byte of 2117H is ASCII code of alphabet display of Pr.00.04.
3.6 Exception response:
The AC motor drive is expected to return a normal response after receiving command
messages from the master device. The following depicts the conditions when no normal
response is replied to the master device.
The AC motor drive does not receive the messages due to a communication error; thus, the
AC motor drive has no response. The master device will eventually process a timeout
condition.
The AC motor drive receives the messages without a communication error, but cannot handle
them. An exception response will be returned to the master device and an error message
“CExx” will be displayed on the keypad of AC motor drive. The xx of “CExx” is a decimal code
equal to the exception code that is described below.
In the exception response, the most significant bit of the original command code is set to 1,
and an exception code which explains the condition that caused the exception is returned.
Example of an exception response of command code 06H and exception code 02H:
ASCII mode:
4-96
RTU mode:
STX
‘:’
Address
01H
86H
Address Low
‘0’
Function
Address High
‘1’
Exception code
02H
Function Low
‘8’
CRC CHK Low
C3H
Function High
‘6’
CRC CHK High
A1H
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Exception code
‘0’
‘2’
LRC CHK Low
‘7’
LRC CHK High
‘7’
END 1
CR
END 0
LF
The explanation of exception codes:
Exception
Explanation
code
Illegal function code:
01
The function code received in the command message is not
available for the AC motor drive.
Illegal data address:
02
The data address received in the command message is not
available for the AC motor drive.
Illegal data value:
03
04
The data value received in the command message is not available
for the AC drive.
Slave device failure:
The AC motor drive is unable to perform the requested action.
Communication time-out:
10
If Pr.09.03 is not equal to 0.0, Pr.09.02=0~2, and there is no
communication on the bus during the Time Out detection period (set
by Pr.09.03), “cE10” will be shown on the keypad.
3.7 Communication program of PC:
The following is a simple example of how to write a communication program for Modbus
ASCII mode on a PC in C language.
#include<stdio.h>
#include<dos.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<process.h>
#define PORT 0x03F8 /* the address of COM1 */
/* the address offset value relative to COM1 */
#define THR 0x0000
#define RDR 0x0000
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
#define BRDL 0x0000
#define IER 0x0001
#define BRDH 0x0001
#define LCR 0x0003
#define MCR 0x0004
#define LSR 0x0005
#define MSR 0x0006
unsigned char rdat[60];
/* read 2 data from address 2102H of AC drive with address 1 */
unsigned char tdat[60]={':','0','1','0','3','2','1','0',’2', '0','0','0','2','D','7','\r','\n'};
void main(){
int i;
outportb(PORT+MCR,0x08);
outportb(PORT+IER,0x01);
/* interrupt enable */
/* interrupt as data in */
outportb(PORT+LCR,(inportb(PORT+LCR) | 0x80));
/* the BRDL/BRDH can be access as LCR.b7==1 */
outportb(PORT+BRDL,12);
/* set baudrate=9600, 12=115200/9600*/
outportb(PORT+BRDH,0x00);
outportb(PORT+LCR,0x06);
/* set protocol, <7,N,2>=06H, <7,E,1>=1AH,
<7,O,1>=0AH, <8,N,2>=07H, <8,E,1>=1BH, <8,O,1>=0BH */
for(i=0;i<=16;i++){
while(!(inportb(PORT+LSR) & 0x20)); /* wait until THR empty */
outportb(PORT+THR,tdat[i]);
/* send data to THR */
}
i=0;
while(!kbhit()){
if(inportb(PORT+LSR) & 0x01){ /* b0==1, read data ready */
rdat[i++]=inportb(PORT+RDR); /* read data form RDR */
}
}
}
09.05
Reserved
09.06
Reserved
09.07
Response Delay Time
Settings
0 ~ 200 (400msec)
Unit: 2ms
Factory Setting: 1
This parameter is the response delay time after AC drive receives communication command
as shown in the following. 1 unit = 2 msec.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
RS485 BUS
Response Message of AC Drive
PC command
Handling time
of AC drive
Max.: 6msec
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Response Delay Time
Pr.09.07
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Group 10: PID Control
10.00
PID Set Point Selection
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
10.01
0
Disable
1
Digital keypad UP/DOWN keys
2
AVI 0 ~ +10VDC
3
ACI 4 ~ 20mA
4
PID set point (Pr.10.11)
Input Terminal for PID Feedback
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Positive PID feedback from external terminal AVI (0 ~ +10VDC)
1
Negative PID feedback from external terminal AVI (0 ~ +10VDC)
2
Positive PID feedback from external terminal ACI (4 ~ 20mA)
3
Negative PID feedback from external terminal ACI (4 ~ 20mA)
Note that the measured variable (feedback) controls the output frequency (Hz). Select input
terminal accordingly. Make sure this parameter setting does not conflict with the setting for
Pr.10.00 (Master Frequency).
When Pr.10.00 is set to 2 or 3, the set point (Master Frequency) for PID control is obtained
from the AVI or ACI external terminal (0 to +10V or 4-20mA) or from multi-step speed. When
Pr.10.00 is set to 1, the set point is obtained from the keypad.
Negative feedback means: +target value – feedback
Positive feedback means: -target value + feedback.
10.11
Source of PID Set point
Settings
Factory Setting: 0.00
This parameter is used in conjunction with Pr.10.00 set 4 to input a set point in Hz.
10.02
Proportional Gain (P)
Settings
0.00 to 600.0Hz
Unit: 0.01
0.0 to 10.0
Unit: 0. 1
Factory Setting: 1.0
This parameter specifies proportional control and associated gain (P). If the other two gains (I
and D) are set to zero, proportional control is the only one effective. With 10% deviation (error)
and P=1, the output will be P x10% x Master Frequency.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
When P is greater than 1, it will decrease the deviation and get the faster response speed. But
if setting too large value in Pr.10.02, it may cause the increased deviation during the stable
area.
NOTE
The parameter can be set during operation for easy tuning.
10.03
Integral Time ( I )
Settings
0.00
Unit: 0.01
0.00 to 100.0 sec
Factory Setting: 1.00
Disable
This parameter specifies integral control (continual sum of the deviation) and associated gain
(I). When the integral gain is set to 1 and the deviation is fixed, the output is equal to the input
(deviation) once the integral time setting is attained.
It can use integral time to eliminate the deviation during the stable area. If setting too large
value in Pr.10.03, it may cause lower system response.
NOTE
The parameter can be set during operation for easy tuning.
10.04
Derivative Control (D)
Settings
0.00 to 1.00 sec
Unit: 0.01
Factory Setting: 0.00
This parameter specifies derivative control (rate of change of the input) and associated gain
(D). With this parameter set to 1, the PID output is equal to differential time x (present
deviation − previous deviation). It increases the response speed but it may cause overcompensation.
NOTE
The parameter can be set during operation for easy tuning.
10.05
Upper Bound for Integral Control
Settings
0 to 100 %
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Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 100
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
This parameter defines an upper bound or limit for the integral gain (I) and therefore limits the
Master Frequency.
The formula is: Integral upper bound = Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.01.00) x (Pr.10.05).
This parameter can limit the Maximum Output Frequency.
10.06
Settings
Unit: 0.1
Primary Delay Filter Time
0.0 to 2.5 sec
Factory Setting: 0.0
To avoid amplification of measurement noise in the controller output, a derivative digital filter is
inserted. This filter helps to dampen oscillations.
The complete PID diagram is in the following:
Setpoint
+
-
P
I
10.02
10.03
Integral
gain
limit
+
+
10.05
+
Output
Freq.
Limit
10.07
Digital
filter
10.06
Freq.
Command
D
10.04
Input Freq.
Gain
PID
feedback
10.01
10.10
10.07
Unit: 1
PID Output Frequency Limit
Settings
0 to 110 %
Factory Setting: 100
This parameter defines the percentage of output frequency limit during the PID control. The
formula is Output Frequency Limit = Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.01.00) X Pr.10.07 %.
This parameter will limit the Maximum Output Frequency. An overall limit for the output
frequency can be set in Pr.01.07.
10.08
PID Feedback Signal Detection Time
Settings
0.0 to d 3600 sec
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 60.0
This function in only for ACI signal.
This parameter defines the time during which the PID feedback must be abnormal before a
warning (see Pr.10.09) is given. It also can be modified according to the system feedback
signal time.
4-102
If this parameter is set to 0.0, the system would not detect any abnormality signal.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
10.09
Treatment of the Erroneous Feedback Signals (for PID feedback error)
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Warning and RAMP to stop
1
Warning and COAST to stop
2
Warning and keep operating
This function in only for ACI signal.
AC motor drive action when the feedback signals (analog PID feedback) are abnormal
according to Pr.10.16.
10.10
Gain Over the PID Detection Value
Settings
0.0 to 10.0
Unit: 0.1
Factory Setting: 1.0
This is the gain adjustment over the feedback detection value. Refer to PID control block
diagram in Pr.10.06 for detail.
10.12
PID Feedback Level
Settings
10.13
Unit: 0.1
1.0 to 50.0%
Factory Setting: 10.0
Detection Time of PID Feedback
Settings
Unit: 0.1
0.1 to 300.0 sec
Factory Setting: 5.0
This parameter is used to set detection of the offset between set point and feedback.
When the offset is higher than (the setting of Pr.10.12 X Pr.01.00) for a time exceeding the
setting of Pr.10.13, the AC motor drive will output a signal when Pr.03.00 is set to 16 and will
act according to Pr.10.20.
10.14
Sleep/Wake Up Detection Time
Settings
10.15
Unit: 0.01
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
Factory Setting: 0.00
Wakeup Frequency
Settings
Factory Setting: 0.0
Sleep Frequency
Settings
10.16
Unit: 0.1
0.0 to 6550 sec
Unit: 0.01
0.00 to 600.0 Hz
When the actual output frequency
Factory Setting: 0.00
≤
Pr.10.15 and the time exceeds the setting of Pr.10.14,
the AC motor drive will be in sleep mode.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
When the actual frequency command > Pr.10.16 and the time exceeds the setting of Pr.10.14,
the AC motor drive will restart.
When the AC motor drive is in sleep mode, frequency command is still calculated by PID.
When frequency reaches wake up frequency, AC motor drive will accelerate from Pr.01.05
minimum frequency following the V/f curve.
The wake up frequency must be higher than sleep frequency.
Frequency
frequency calculated by PID
10.16
The limit of
decel. time
output
frequency
10.15
The limit of
accel. time
01.05
Time
10.14
lower bound
of frequency
Fmin
Fmin<Fsleep<
Fcmd=0
Fsleep
lower bound
of frequency
Fout = 0
When output frequency
≤
sleep frequency and time > detection time, it will go in sleep mode.
When min. output frequency ≦ PID frequency ≦ lower bound of frequency and sleep function
is enabled (output frequency
≤
sleep frequency and time > detection time), frequency will be 0
(in sleep mode). If sleep function is disabled, frequency command = lower bound frequency.
When PID frequency < min. output frequency and sleep function is enabled (output frequency
≤
sleep frequency and time > detection time), output frequency =0 (in sleep mode).
If output frequency
≤
sleep frequency but time < detection time, frequency command = lower
frequency. If sleep function is disabled, output frequency =0.
4-104
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
10.17
Minimum PID Output Frequency Selection
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
By PID control
1
By Minimum output frequency (Pr.01.05)
This is the source selection of minimum output frequency when control is by PID.
10.18
PID Control Detection Signal Reference
Settings
Unit: 0.1
1.0 to 99.9
Factory Setting: 99.9
When Pr.00.04 is set to 8, it will display 00:00 as follows.
This parameter is used only for display and has no relation with Pr.00.13, Pr.00.14, Pr.02.18
and Pr.02.19.
Fe ed ba ck val ue
S etp oi nt
( the max. va lu e yo u wo ul d
l ike to co nve rt)
10.19
PID Calculation Mode Selection
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Series mode
1
Parallel mode
Series mode
Setpoint
P
I
10.02
10.03
+
-
Integral
gain
limit
+
+
10.05
+
Output
Freq.
Limit
10.07
Digital
filter
10.06
Freq.
Command
D
10.04
Input Freq.
Gain
10.10
PID
feedback
10.01
Parallel mode
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
P
10.02
I
+
Setpoint
10.03
-
In teg ra l
g ain
l imi t
+
10.05
+
+
O utp ut
Fr eq .
L imi t
10.07
Di gi tal
fi lte r
10.06
Fr eq .
Co mman d
D
10.04
In pu t Fre q.
G ai n
P ID
fe ed ba ck
10.01
10.10
10.20
Treatment of the Erroneous PID Feedback Level
Factory Setting: 0
Settings
0
Keep operating
1
Coast to stop
2
Ramp to stop
3
Ramp to stop and restart after time set in Pr.10.21
In PID control mode, it will act according to Pr.10.20 when erroneous PID feedback level
occurs.
10.21
Restart Delay Time after Erroneous PID Deviation Level
Settings
10.22
Set Point Deviation Level
Settings
10.23
0 to 100%
Detection Time of Set Point Deviation Level
Settings
1 to 9999 sec
1 to 9999 sec
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 60
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 0
Unit: 1
Factory Setting: 10
When the deviation is less than Pr.10.22 (in the range of PID set point to Pr.10.22 X PID set
point) for a time exceeding the setting of Pr.10.23, the AC motor drive will decelerate to stop to
be constant pressure status (This deceleration time is the setting of Pr.01.12). The system will
be ready when the deviation is within the range of PID set point to Pr.10.22 X PID set point
during deceleration.
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Example: suppose that the set point of constant pressure control of a pump is 4kg, Pr.10.22 is
set to 5%, Pr.10.23 is set to 15 seconds. It means that deviation is 0.2kg (4kgX5%=0.2kg), i.e.
when feedback value is higher than 3.8kg for a time exceeding 15 seconds, the AC motor
drive will decelerate to stop (this deceleration time will act according to Pr.01.12). When the
feedback value is less than 3.8kg, the AC motor drive will start to run.
10.24
Offset Level of Liquid Leakage
Settings
Unit: 1
0 to 50%
Factory Setting: 0
In the constant pressure status, when the liquid leakage is higher than Pr.10.24 X PID set
point, the AC motor drive will start to run.
It is used to prevent frequent run/stop operation due to liquid leakage.
set point
feedbac k v al ue
10.24
Offset level of liquid leakage
10.25
Liquid Leakage Change Detection
Settings
10.26
0 to 100% (0:disable)
Factory Setting: 0
Time Setting for Liquid Leakage Change
Settings
Unit: 1
Unit: 0.1
0.1 to 10.0 sec (0:disable)
Factory Setting: 0.5
When the change of feedback value is less than the settings of Pr.10.25 and Pr.10.26, it
means that the liquid is leaking. When the system is in constant pressure status, the AC motor
drive will start to run if the feedback value is higher than these two settings.
set point
10.25
feedbac k v al ue
10.26
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Chapter 4 Parameters|
Example: suppose that the set point of constant pressure control of a pump is 4kg, Pr.10.22 is
set to 5%, Pr.10.23 is set to 15 seconds, Pr.10.24 is set to 25%, Pr.10.25 is set to 3% and
Pr.10.26 is set to 0.5 seconds. It means that offset is 0.2kg (4kgX5%=0.2kg), i.e. when
feedback value is higher than 3.8kg for a time exceeding 15 seconds, the AC motor drive will
decelerate to stop (this deceleration time will act according to Pr.01.12). When the feedback
value is less than 3.8kg, the AC motor drive will start to run.
Status 1: Suppose that the AC motor drive is in the constant pressure status and the feedback
change value is less than 0.12kg within 0.5 seconds. The AC motor drive won’t run until the
feedback value is decreased by this proportion to the value less than 3kg.
Status 2: When the AC motor drive is in constant pressure, it won’t run until the feedback
change value is less than 3.88kg (4-4kgX3%=3.88kg) for a time exceeding 0.5 seconds.
10.27
|
10.33
4-108
Reserved
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
5.1 Over Current (OC)
ocA
Over-current
during acceleration
Yes
Remove short circuit
or ground fault
ocd
Over current
Check if there is any short circuits and
grounding between the U, V, W and motor
No
Reduce the load or
increase the power
of AC motor drive
No Reduce torque
compensation
OC
Over-current
during deceleration
Yes
No
No
Check if load is too large
No
No
No
No Suitable torque
compensation
Yes
Yes
Reduce torque
compensation
No
Check if
Check if
acceleration time No deceleration time
is too short by
is too short by
load inertia.
load inertia.
Yes
Maybe AC motor drive
has malfunction or error
due to noise. Please
contact with DELTA.
Yes
No Has load changed
suddenly?
Yes
Yes
Yes Can deceleration
Can acceleration
time be made longer?
time be made longer?
No
No
Reduce load or increase
the power of AC motor
drive
Increase accel/decel
time
Reduce load or increase
the power of AC motor
drive
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Check braking
method. Please
contact DELTA
5-1
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.2 Ground Fault
Is output circuit(cable or
motor) of AC motor drive
grounded?
GFF
Ground fault
Maybe AC motor drive has
malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please
contact DELTA.
No
Yes
Remove ground fault
5.3 Over Voltage (OV)
Over voltage
No
Reduce voltage to
be within spec.
Is voltage within
specification
Yes
Has over-voltage occurred without load
Maybe AC motor drive
has malfunction or
misoperation due to
noise. Please contact
with DELTA.
Yes
No
No
When OV occurs, check if the
voltage of DC BUS is greater
than protection value
Yes
Yes
Increase
deceleration
time
No Dose OV occur when
sudden acceleration
stops
No
Yes
Increase
acceleration
time
Yes
Yes
Increase setting time
No
Reduce moment
of inertia
No
Reduce moment of load inertia
Need to consider using
braking unit or
DC braking
No
Use braking unit or DC braking
No
Yes
Need to check control method. Please contact DELTA.
5-2
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.4 Low Voltage (Lv)
Low voltage
Is input power cor rect? O r power cut, Yes
including momentary pow er loss
Restart after r eset
No
Check if there i s any malfunction Yes
component or disconnection i n
power s upply c ircuit
Change defec tiv e component
and chec k c onnection
No
No
C heck if voltage is
w ithin speci fic ati on
Make nec essary cor rections,
such as change power supply
sy stem for requirement
Yes
Check if there i s heavy load
with high s tar t cur rent in the
same power sy stem
Yes
No
No
Check if Lv occurs w hen
breaker and magnetic
contactor is O N
Yes
No
Check if voltage between +/B1
No
and - is greater than
200VDC (for 115V/230V models)
400VDC (for 460V models)
Suitable power
transformer capacity
Yes
Maybe AC motor drive has m al function.
Please contact DELTA.
Yes
Contr ol c ircuit has malfunction or
misoper ation due to noise. P leas e
contact DELTA.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
5-3
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.5 Over Heat (OH1)
AC motor drive ov erheats
Heat sink overheats
No
Chec k if temperature of heat sink
is greater than 90 O C
Temperature detection malfunctions.
Please c ontact D ELTA.
Yes
Yes
Is load too large
Reduce load
No
If cooling fan functions normally
No
Change cooling f an
Yes
Chec k if cooling f an is jammed
Yes
Remove obstruct ion
No
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or
misoperation due to noise. Please contact
DELTA.
Yes
Chec k if surrounding temperature
is within specification
No
Adjust surrounding temperature
to specification
5.6 Overload
OL
OL1/ OL2
Check for correct settings at
Pr. 06-06 and 06-07
No
Modify setting
Yes
Is load too large
No
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction
or misoperation due to noise.
Yes
Reduce load or increase the power of AC motor drive
5-4
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.7 Keypad Display is Abnormal
Abnormal display or no display
Yes
Cycle power to AC motor drive
Fix connector and eliminate noise
No
No
Display normal?
Check if all connectors are connect
correctly and no noise is present
Yes
Yes
AC motor drive works normally
AC motor drive has malfunction.
Please contact DELTA.
5.8 Phase Loss (PHL)
Phase loss
Check wiring at R, S and T terminals
No
Correct wiring
Yes
Check if the screws of terminals are tightened
No
Tighten all screws
Yes
Check if the input voltage of R, S, T is unbalanced
Yes
No
Please check the wiring
and power system for
abnormal power
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
5-5
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.9 Motor cannot Run
Check
No
keypad for
normal display
Motor cannot run
Yes
Input "RUN"
command
by keypad
Check if input
voltage is normal
Yes
No
It can run when
no faults occur
Set them to ON
Yes
Yes Check if there is any
fault code displayed
Reset after clearing
fault and then RUN
Check if non-fuse
No
breaker and magnetic
contactor are ON
No
No
Check if any faults
occur, such as
Lv, PHL or
disconnection
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
Yes
Press RUN key to
check if it can run
Press UP key to
set frequency
Check if the wiring
Yes
No Check if input FWD No of terminal MI1
Change switch or relay
or REV command
and between
Press UP to
MI2-DCM is correct
check if motor
Yes
can run
No
No
No
No
Set frequency or not
Correct connection
Yes
Modify frequency
setting
No
if upper bound freq.
Check if the parameter
and setting freq. is
setting and wiring of
Change defective
lower than the min.
Yes
analog signal and
potentiometer and
output freq.
multi-step speed
relay
No
are correct
Yes
Check if there is any
No
output voltage from
terminals U, V and W
Motor has malfunction
No
If load is too large
Yes
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction.
Please contact DELTA.
Yes
Yes
Check if the setting
Yes
of torque
compensation
is correct
No
Check if motor
connection
is correct
No
Connect correctly
Motor is locked due to large load, please reduce load.
For example, if there is a brake, check if it is released.
Increase the setting of
torque compensation
5-6
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.10 Motor Speed cannot be Changed
Motor can run but
cannot change speed
Yes
Modify the setting
No
Check if the setting of the
max. frequency is too low
No
If the setting of frequency
Yes
is out of range(upper/lower)
bound
No
Press UP/DOWN key
Yes
to see if speed has
any change
No
Yes
If there is any change
of the signal that sets Yes
frequency (0-10V and
4-20mA)
If the setting of
Pr.05-00 to Pr.05-14
are the same
No
Modify the setting
No
Check if the wiring between
M1~M6 to DCM is correct
No
Yes
Check if frequency for
each step is different
No Check if the wiring of
external terminal is correct
Connect
correctly
No
Yes
Change defective
potentiometer
Yes
Change frequency setting
No If accel./decel. time
is very long
Yes
Please set suitable
accel./decel. time by
load inertia
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
5-7
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.11 Motor Stalls during Acceleration
Check if acceleration Yes
time is too short
Motor stalls during
acceleration
Increase setting time
No
Yes
Check if the inertia
Yes
of the motor and load
is too high
No
Thicken or shorten the
wiring between the
motor or AC motor drive
Yes
Use special motor?
No
Reduce load or
increase the capacity
of AC motor drive
Check for low voltage
at input
No
Reduce load or
increase the capacity
of AC motor drive
Yes
Check if the load torque
is too high
No
Check if the torque
Yes
compensation is suitable
Maybe AC motor drive has
malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact
DELTA
No
Increase torque compensation
5.12 The Motor does not Run as Expected
Motor does not run
as expected
Check Pr. 01-01 thru Pr. 01-06
and torque compensation
settings
No
Adjust Pr.01-01 to Pr.01-06
and lower torque compensation
Yes
Run in low speed continuously
Yes
Please use specific motor
No
Is load too large
No
Yes
Reduce load or increase the
capacity of AC motor drive
Check if output voltage of U, V, W Yes
is balanced
Motor has malfunction
No
Maybe AC motor drive has malfunction or misoperation
due to noise. Please contact DELTA.
5-8
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
5.13 Electromagnetic/Induction Noise
Many sources of noise surround AC motor drives and penetrate it by radiation or conduction. It may
cause malfunctioning of the control circuits and even damage the AC motor drive. Of course, there
are solutions to increase the noise tolerance of an AC motor drive. But this has its limits. Therefore,
solving it from the outside as follows will be the best.
1.
2.
Add surge suppressor on the relays and contacts to suppress switching surges.
Shorten the wiring length of the control circuit or serial communication and keep them
separated from the power circuit wiring.
3.
Comply with the wiring regulations by using shielded wires and isolation amplifiers for
long length.
4.
The grounding terminal should comply with the local regulations and be grounded
independently, i.e. not to have common ground with electric welding machines and other
power equipment.
5.
Connect a noise filter at the mains input terminal of the AC motor drive to filter noise from
the power circuit. VFD-EL can have a built-in filter as option.
In short, solutions for electromagnetic noise exist of “no product”(disconnect disturbing equipment),
“no spread”(limit emission for disturbing equipment) and “no receive”(enhance immunity).
5.14 Environmental Condition
Since the AC motor drive is an electronic device, you should comply with the environmental
conditions. Here are some remedial measures if necessary.
1.
To prevent vibration, the use of anti-vibration dampers is the last choice. Vibrations must
be within the specification. Vibration causes mechanical stress and it should not occur
frequently, continuously or repeatedly to prevent damage to the AC motor drive.
2.
Store the AC motor drive in a clean and dry location, free from corrosive fumes/dust to
prevent corrosion and poor contacts. Poor insulation in a humid location can cause shortcircuits. If necessary, install the AC motor drive in a dust-proof and painted enclosure and
in particular situations, use a completely sealed enclosure.
3.
The ambient temperature should be within the specification. Too high or too low
temperature will affect the lifetime and reliability. For semiconductor components, damage
will occur once any specification is out of range. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically
check air quality and the cooling fan and provide extra cooling of necessary. In addition,
the microcomputer may not work in extremely low temperatures, making cabinet heating
necessary.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
5-9
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting|
4.
Store within a relative humidity range of 0% to 90% and non-condensing environment.
Use an air conditioner and/or exsiccator.
5.15 Affecting Other Machines
An AC motor drive may affect the operation of other machines due to many reasons. Some solutions
are:
„
High Harmonics at Power Side
High harmonics at power side during running can be improved by:
1.
Separate the power system: use a transformer for AC motor drive.
2.
Use a reactor at the power input terminal of the AC motor drive.
3.
If phase lead capacitors are used (never on the AC motor drive output!!), use serial
reactors to prevent damage to the capacitors damage from high harmonics.
serial reactor
phase lead capacitor
„
Motor Temperature Rises
When the motor is a standard induction motor with fan, the cooling will be bad at low speeds,
causing the motor to overheat. Besides, high harmonics at the output increases copper and
core losses. The following measures should be used depending on load and operation
range.
1.
Use a motor with independent ventilation (forced external cooling) or increase the motor
rated power.
5-10
2.
Use a special inverter duty motor.
3.
Do NOT run at low speeds for long time.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance
6.1 Fault Code Information
The AC motor drive has a comprehensive fault diagnostic system that includes several different
alarms and fault messages. Once a fault is detected, the corresponding protective functions will be
activated. The following faults are displayed as shown on the AC motor drive digital keypad display.
The five most recent faults can be read from the digital keypad or communication.
NOTE
Wait 5 seconds after a fault has been cleared before performing reset via keypad of input terminal.
6.1.1 Common Problems and Solutions
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Corrective Actions
1.
2.
3.
Over current
Abnormal increase in current.
4.
5.
6.
7.
1.
Over voltage
The DC bus voltage has
exceeded its maximum
allowable value.
2.
3.
4.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Check if motor power corresponds with the
AC motor drive output power.
Check the wiring connections to U/T1, V/T2,
W/T3 for possible short circuits.
Check the wiring connections between the AC
motor drive and motor for possible short
circuits, also to ground.
Check for loose contacts between AC motor
drive and motor.
Increase the Acceleration Time.
Check for possible excessive loading
conditions at the motor.
If there are still any abnormal conditions when
operating the AC motor drive after a shortcircuit is removed and the other points above
are checked, it should be sent back to
manufacturer.
Check if the input voltage falls within the
rated AC motor drive input voltage range.
Check for possible voltage transients.
DC-bus over-voltage may also be caused by
motor regeneration. Either increase the
Decel. Time or add an optional brake resistor
(and brake unit).
Check whether the required brake power is
within the specified limits.
6-1
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Corrective Actions
1.
2.
Overheating
Heat sink temperature too high
3.
4.
5.
Low voltage
The AC motor drive detects
that the DC bus voltage has
fallen below its minimum
value.
Overload
The AC motor drive detects
excessive drive output current.
NOTE: The AC motor drive
can withstand up to 150% of
the rated current for a
maximum of 60 seconds.
Overload 1
Internal electronic overload trip
Overload 2
Motor overload.
1.
2.
3.
Ensure that the ambient temperature falls
within the specified temperature range.
Make sure that the ventilation holes are not
obstructed.
Remove any foreign objects from the
heatsinks and check for possible dirty heat
sink fins.
Check the fan and clean it.
Provide enough spacing for adequate
ventilation. (See chapter 1)
Check whether the input voltage falls within
the AC motor drive rated input voltage range.
Check for abnormal load in motor.
Check for correct wiring of input power to R-ST (for 3-phase models) without phase loss.
1. Check whether the motor is overloaded.
2. Reduce torque compensation setting in
Pr.07.02.
3. Use the next higher power AC motor drive
model.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check for possible motor overload.
Check electronic thermal overload setting.
Use a higher power motor.
Reduce the current level so that the drive
output current does not exceed the value set
by the Motor Rated Current Pr.07.00.
1. Reduce the motor load.
2. Adjust the over-torque detection setting to an
appropriate setting (Pr.06.03 to Pr.06.05).
CC (current clamp)
OV hardware error
Return to the factory.
GFF hardware error
OC hardware error
1.
External Base Block.
(Refer to Pr. 08.07)
6-2
2.
When the external input terminal (B.B) is
active, the AC motor drive output will be
turned off.
Deactivate the external input terminal (B.B) to
operate the AC motor drive again.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Corrective Actions
1.
2.
Over-current during
acceleration
3.
4.
1.
Over-current during
deceleration
2.
3.
1.
Over-current during
constant speed operation
2.
3.
1.
External Fault
2.
Short-circuit at motor output: Check for
possible poor insulation at the output lines.
Torque boost too high: Decrease the torque
compensation setting in Pr.07.02.
Acceleration Time too short: Increase the
Acceleration Time.
AC motor drive output power is too small:
Replace the AC motor drive with the next
higher power model.
Short-circuit at motor output: Check for
possible poor insulation at the output line.
Deceleration Time too short: Increase the
Deceleration Time.
AC motor drive output power is too small:
Replace the AC motor drive with the next
higher power model.
Short-circuit at motor output: Check for
possible poor insulation at the output line.
Sudden increase in motor loading: Check for
possible motor stall.
AC motor drive output power is too small:
Replace the AC motor drive with the next
higher power model.
When multi-function input terminals (MI3-MI9)
are set to external fault, the AC motor drive
stops output U, V and W.
Give RESET command after fault has been
cleared.
Internal EEPROM can not be
programmed.
Return to the factory.
Internal EEPROM can not be
programmed.
Return to the factory.
Internal EEPROM can not be
read.
Internal EEPROM can not be
read.
1.
2.
1.
2.
Press RESET key to set all parameters to
factory setting.
Return to the factory.
Press RESET key to set all parameters to
factory setting.
Return to the factory.
U-phase error
V-phase error
W-phase error
Return to the factory.
OV or LV
Temperature sensor error
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
6-3
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
Fault
Name
Fault Descriptions
Ground fault
Auto accel/decel failure
Communication Error
Corrective Actions
When (one of) the output terminal(s) is grounded,
short circuit current is more than 50% of AC motor
drive rated current, the AC motor drive power
module may be damaged.
NOTE: The short circuit protection is provided
for AC motor drive protection, not for
protection of the user.
1. Check whether the IGBT power module is
damaged.
2. Check for possible poor insulation at the
output line.
1. Check if the motor is suitable for operation by
AC motor drive.
2. Check if the regenerative energy is too large.
3. Load may have changed suddenly.
1. Check the RS485 connection between the AC
motor drive and RS485 master for loose wires
and wiring to correct pins.
2. Check if the communication protocol, address,
transmission speed, etc. are properly set.
3. Use the correct checksum calculation.
4. Please refer to group 9 in the chapter 5 for
detail information.
Software protection failure
Return to the factory.
Analog signal error
Check the wiring of ACI
1.
6-4
Check parameter settings (Pr.10.01) and
AVI/ACI wiring.
Check for possible fault between system
response time and the PID feedback signal
detection time (Pr.10.08)
PID feedback signal error
2.
Phase Loss
Check input phase wiring for loose contacts.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
6.1.2 Reset
There are three methods to reset the AC motor drive after solving the fault:
1.
2.
Press
key on keypad.
Set external terminal to “RESET” (set one of Pr.04.05~Pr.04.08 to 05) and then set to be
ON.
3.
Send “RESET” command by communication.
NOTE
Make sure that RUN command or signal is OFF before executing RESET to prevent damage or
personal injury due to immediate operation.
6.2 Maintenance and Inspections
Modern AC motor drives are based on solid-state electronics technology. Preventive maintenance is
required to keep the AC motor drive in its optimal condition, and to ensure a long life. It is
recommended to have a qualified technician perform a check-up of the AC motor drive regularly.
Daily Inspection:
Basic check-up items to detect if there were any abnormalities during operation are:
1.
Whether the motors are operating as expected.
2.
Whether the installation environment is abnormal.
3.
Whether the cooling system is operating as expected.
4.
Whether any irregular vibration or sound occurred during operation.
5.
Whether the motors are overheating during operation.
6.
Always check the input voltage of the AC drive with a Voltmeter.
Periodic Inspection:
Before the check-up, always turn off the AC input power and remove the cover. Wait at least 10
minutes after all display lamps have gone out, and then confirm that the capacitors have fully
discharged by measuring the voltage between
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
~
. It should be less than 25VDC.
6-5
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
DANGER!
1.
2.
Disconnect AC power before processing!
Only qualified personnel can install, wire and maintain AC motor drives. Please take off any
metal objects, such as watches and rings, before operation. And only insulated tools are
allowed.
3.
Never reassemble internal components or wiring.
4.
Prevent static electricity.
Periodical Maintenance
Ambient environment
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Check the ambient temperature,
humidity, vibration and see if
there are any dust, gas, oil or
water drops
Visual inspection and measurement
with equipment with standard
specification
{
Check if there are any
dangerous objects in the
environment
Visual inspection
{
Half One
Year Year
Voltage
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
Check if the voltage of main
circuit and control circuit is
correct
6-6
Measure with multimeter with standard
specification
Half One
Year Year
{
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
Keypad
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Is the display clear for reading?
Visual inspection
{
Any missing characters?
Visual inspection
{
Half One
Year Year
Mechanical parts
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If there is any abnormal sound
or vibration
Visual and aural inspection
{
If there are any loose screws
Tighten the screws
{
If any part is deformed or
damaged
Visual inspection
{
If there is any color change by
overheating
Visual inspection
{
If there is any dust or dirt
Visual inspection
{
Main circuit
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
If there are any loose or missing
screws
Tighten or replace the screw
Half One
Year Year
{
If machine or insulator is
deformed, cracked, damaged or
with changed color change due
to overheating or ageing
NOTE: Please ignore the color
change of copper plate
{
If there is any dust or dirt
Visual inspection
{
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Visual inspection
6-7
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
Terminals and wiring of main circuit
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If the wiring shows change of
color change or deformation due
to overheat
Visual inspection
{
If the insulation of wiring is
damaged or the color has
changed
Visual inspection
{
If there is any damage
Visual inspection
{
DC capacity of main circuit
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Maintenance
Period
Daily
If there is any leakage of liquid,
change of color, cracks or
deformation
Visual inspection
Measure static capacity when
required
Static capacity
Half One
Year Year
{
≥ initial value X 0.85
{
Resistor of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
If there is any peculiar smell or
insulator cracks due to
overheating
If there is any disconnection
Half One
Year Year
Visual inspection, smell
{
Visual inspection or measure with
multimeter after removing wiring
between +/B1 ~ -
{
Resistor value should be within ± 10%
6-8
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
Transformer and reactor of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
If there is any abnormal vibration
or peculiar smell
Visual, aural inspection and smell
Half One
Year Year
{
Magnetic contactor and relay of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
If there are any loose screws
Visual and aural inspection. Tighten
screw if necessary.
{
If the contact works correctly
Visual inspection
{
Half One
Year Year
Printed circuit board and connector of main circuit
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If there are any loose screws and
connectors
Tighten the screws and press the
connectors firmly in place.
{
If there is any peculiar smell and
color change
Visual inspection and smell
{
If there is any crack, damage,
deformation or corrosion
Visual inspection
{
If there is any leaked liquid or
deformation in capacitors
Visual inspection
{
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
6-9
Chapter 6 Fault Code Information and Maintenance|
Cooling fan of cooling system
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
Half One
Year Year
If there is any abnormal sound or
vibration
Visual, aural inspection and turn the
fan with hand (turn off the power
before operation) to see if it rotates
smoothly
{
If there is any loose screw
Tighten the screw
{
If there is any change of color due
to overheating
Change fan
{
Ventilation channel of cooling system
Maintenance
Period
Check Items
Methods and Criterion
Daily
If there is any obstruction in the
heat sink, air intake or air outlet
6-10
Visual inspection
Half One
Year Year
{
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix A Specifications
There are 115V, 230V and 460V models in the VFD-EL series. For 115V models, it is 1-phase
models. For 0.25 to 3HP of the 230V models, there are 1-phase/3-phase models. Refer to following
specifications for details.
Voltage Class
115V Class
002
004
007
Max. Applicable Motor Output (kW)
0.2
0.4
0.75
Max. Applicable Motor Output (hp)
0.25
0.5
1.0
0.6
1.6
1.0
2.5
1.6
4.2
Input Rating
Output Rating
Model Number VFD-XXXEL
Rated Output Capacity (kVA)
Rated Output Current (A)
Maximum Output Voltage (V)
3-Phase Proportional to Twice the Input Voltage
Output Frequency (Hz)
0.1~600 Hz
Carrier Frequency (kHz)
2-12
Rated Input Current (A)
6.4
9
Rated Voltage/Frequency
18
Single phase, 100-120V, 50/60Hz
± 10%(90~132 V)
± 5%(47~63 Hz)
Voltage Tolerance
Frequency Tolerance
Cooling Method
Natural Cooling
Weight (kg)
1.1
1.1
Voltage Class
1.4
230V Class
002
004
007
015
022
Max. Applicable Motor Output (kW)
0.2
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
3.7
Max. Applicable Motor Output (hp)
0.25
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.0
5.0
Input Rating
Output Rating
Model Number VFD-XXXEL
037
Rated Output Capacity (kVA)
0.6
1.0
1.6
2.9
4.2
6.5
Rated Output Current (A)
Maximum Output Voltage (V)
1.6
2.5
4.2
7.5
11.0
17
3-Phase Proportional to Input Voltage
Output Frequency (Hz)
Carrier Frequency (kHz)
Rated Input Current
XXXEL (A)
21A
Rated
Voltage/Frequency
Rated Input Current
XXXEL (A)
23A
Rated
Voltage/Frequency
Voltage Tolerance
Frequency Tolerance
Cooling Method
Weight (kg)
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
0.1~600 Hz
2-12
4.9
6.5
9.5
15.7
24
--
15
20.6
Fan Cooling
1.7
1.7
1.7
1-phase, 200-240 V, 50/60Hz
1.9
2.7
4.9
9
3-phase, 200-240V, 50/60Hz
± 10%(180~264 V)
± 5%(47~63 Hz)
Natural Cooling
1.2
1.2
1.2
Appendix A Specifications|
Voltage Class
460V Class
004
007
015
022
Max. Applicable Motor Output (kW)
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
3.7
Max. Applicable Motor Output (hp)
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.0
5.0
Input Rating
Output Rating
Model Number VFD-XXXEL
037
Rated Output Capacity (kVA)
1.2
2.0
3.3
4.4
6.8
Rated Output Current (A)
1.5
2.5
4.2
5.5
8.2
Maximum Output Voltage (V)
Output Frequency (Hz)
Carrier Frequency (kHz)
Rated Input Current (A)
3-Phase Proportional to Input Voltage
1.8
3.2
Rated Voltage/Frequency
7.1
9.0
Fan Cooling
1.7
1.7
3-phase, 380-480V, 50/60Hz
± 10%(342~528V)
± 5%(47~63Hz)
Voltage Tolerance
Frequency Tolerance
Cooling Method
Weight (kg)
0.1~600 Hz
2-12
4.3
Natural Cooling
1.2
1.2
1.2
Control Characteristics
General Specifications
Control System
SPWM(Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation) control (V/f control)
Frequency Setting Resolution
0.01Hz
Output Frequency Resolution
0.01Hz
Torque Characteristics
Including the auto-torque/auto-slip compensation; starting torque can be
150% at 5.0Hz
Overload Endurance
150% of rated current for 1 minute
Skip Frequency
Three zones, setting range 0.1-600Hz
Accel/Decel Time
0.1 to 600 seconds (2 Independent settings for Accel/Decel time)
Stall Prevention Level
Setting 20 to 250% of rated current
DC Brake
Operation frequency 0.1-600.0Hz, output 0-100% rated current
Start time 0-60 seconds, stop time 0-60 seconds
Regenerated Brake Torque
Approx. 20% (up to 125% possible with optional brake resistor or externally
mounted brake unit, 1-15hp (0.75-11kW) models have brake chopper built-in)
V/f Pattern
Adjustable V/f pattern
Operating Characteristics
Frequency
Setting
A-2
Operation
Setting
Signal
Keypad
External Signal
Keypad
External Signal
Setting by
Potentiometer-5kΩ/0.5W, 0 to +10VDC, 4 to 20mA, RS-485 interface; Multifunction Inputs 3 to 6 (15 steps, Jog, up/down)
Set by RUN and STOP
2 wires/3 wires ((MI1, MI2, MI3)), JOG operation, RS-485 serial interface
(MODBUS), programmable logic controller
Multi-function Input Signal
Multi-step selection 0 to 15, Jog, accel/decel inhibit, 2 accel/decel switches,
counter, external Base Block, ACI/AVI selections, driver reset, UP/DOWN
key settings, NPN/PNP input selection
Multi-function Output Indication
AC drive operating, frequency attained, zero speed, Base Block, fault
indication, overheat alarm, emergency stop and status selections of input
terminals
Analog Output Signal
Output frequency/current
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix A Specifications|
General Specifications
Operation Functions
AVR, accel/decel S-Curve, over-voltage/over-current stall prevention, 5 fault
records, reverse inhibition, momentary power loss restart, DC brake, auto
torque/slip compensation, auto tuning, adjustable carrier frequency, output
frequency limits, parameter lock/reset, PID control, external counter,
MODBUS communication, abnormal reset, abnormal re-start, power-saving,
fan control, sleep/wake frequency, 1st/2nd frequency source selections,
1st/2nd frequency source combination, NPN/PNP selection
Protection Functions
Over voltage, over current, under voltage, external fault, overload, ground
fault, overheating, electronic thermal, IGBT short circuit, PTC
Display Keypad (optional)
Enviromental Conditions
Built-in EMI Filter
6-key, 7-segment LED with 4-digit, 4 status LEDs, master frequency, output
frequency, output current, custom units, parameter values for setup and lock,
faults, RUN, STOP, RESET, FWD/REV
For 230V 1-phase and 460V 3-phase models.
Enclosure Rating
IP20
Pollution Degree
2
Installation Location
Altitude 1,000 m or lower, keep from corrosive gasses, liquid and dust
Ambient Temperature
-10oC to 50oC (40oC for side-by-side mounting) Non-Condensing and not
frozen
Storage/ Transportation
Temperature
-20 oC to 60 oC
Ambient Humidity
Below 90% RH (non-condensing)
Vibration
9.80665m/s2 (1G) less than 20Hz, 5.88m/s2 (0.6G) at 20 to 50Hz
Approvals
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
A-3
Appendix A Specifications|
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A-4
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories
B.1 All Brake Resistors & Brake Units Used in AC Motor Drives
Note: Please only use DELTA resistors and recommended values. Other resistors and values will
void Delta’s warranty. Please contact your nearest Delta representative for use of special resistors.
The brake unit should be at least 10 cm away from AC motor drive to avoid possible interference.
Refer to the “Brake unit Module User Manual” for further details.
230V Series
115V Series
Voltage
Applicable
Motor
Full Load
Models
Torque
Min.
Equivalent
Equivalent Brake Unit
Brake
Brake
Resistor
Resistor
Resistors
Model and
Torque Value for
Value
No. of Units Model and No.
each
AC
10%ED
(suggestion)
Used
of Units Used
Motor
Drive
hp
kW
0.25
0.2
VFD002EL11A
0.110
200W 250Ω
BUE20015
1 BR200W250 1
320
200Ω
0.5
0.4
VFD004EL11A
0.216
200W 250Ω
BUE20015
1 BR200W250 1
170
100Ω
1
0.75
VFD007EL11A
0.427
200W 150Ω
BUE20015
1 BR200W150 1
140
80Ω
0.25
0.2
VFD002EL21A/23A
0.110
200W 250Ω
BUE20015
1 BR200W250 1
320
200Ω
0.5
0.4
VFD004EL21A/23A
0.216
200W 250Ω
BUE20015
1 BR200W250 1
170
100Ω
1
0.75
VFD007EL21A/23A
0.427
200W 150Ω
BUE20015
1 BR200W150 1
140
80Ω
2
1.5
VFD015EL21A/23A
0.849
300W 100Ω
BUE20015
1 BR300W100 -
107
80Ω
3
2.2
VFD022EL21A/23A
1.262
600W 50Ω
BUE20037
1 BR300W100 2
150
25Ω
5
3.7
VFD037EL23A
2.080
900W 30Ω
BUE20037
1
150
25Ω
KG-M
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
-
-
B-1
Appendix B Accessories|
460V Series
Voltage
Applicable
Motor
Full Load
Models
Torque
Min.
Equivalent
Equivalent Brake Unit
Brake
Brake
Resistor
Resistor
Resistors
Model BUE
Torque Value for
Value
Model and No.
each
AC
No.
of
Units
10%ED
(suggestion)
of Units Used
Motor
Used
Drive
hp
kW
0.5
0.4
VFD004EL43A
0.216
300W 400Ω
BUE40015
1 BR300W400 1
400
400Ω
1
0.75
VFD007EL43A
0.427
300W 400Ω
BUE40015
1 BR300W400 1
200
200Ω
2
1.5
VFD015EL43A
0.849
400W 300Ω
BUE40015
1 BR200W150 2
140
160Ω
3
2.2
VFD022EL43A
1.262
600W 200Ω
BUE40037
1 BR300W400 2
150
100Ω
5
3.7
VFD037EL43A
2.080
900W 120Ω
BUE40037
1
150
100Ω
KG-M
-
NOTE
1.
Please select the brake unit and/or brake resistor according to the table. “-“ means no
Delta product. Please use the brake unit according to the Equivalent Resistor Value.
2.
If damage to the drive or other equipment is due to the fact that the brake resistors and
the brake modules in use are not provided by Delta, the warranty will be void.
3.
4.
Take into consideration the safety of the environment when installing the brake resistors.
If the minimum resistance value is to be utilized, consult local dealers for the calculation of
the power in Watt.
5.
Please select thermal relay trip contact to prevent resistor over load. Use the contact to
switch power off to the AC motor drive!
6.
When using more than 2 brake units, equivalent resistor value of parallel brake unit can’t
be less than the value in the column “Minimum Equivalent Resistor Value for Each AC
Drive” (the right-most column in the table).
7.
Please read the wiring information in the user manual of the brake unit thoroughly prior to
installation and operation.
8.
Definition for Brake Usage ED%
Explanation: The definition of the barke usage ED(%) is for assurance of enough time for
the brake unit and brake resistor to dissipate away heat generated by braking. When the
brake resistor heats up, the resistance would increase with temperature, and brake torque
would decrease accordingly. Suggested cycle time is one minute
B-2
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
100%
Braking Time
T1
ED% = T1/T0x100(%)
Cycle Time
9.
T0
For safety reasons, install a thermal overload relay between brake unit and brake resistor.
Together with the magnetic contactor (MC) in the mains supply circuit to the drive it offers
protection in case of any malfunctioning. The purpose of installing the thermal overload
relay is to protect the brake resistor against damage due to frequent brake or in case the
brake unit is continuously on due to unusual high input voltage. Under these
circumstances the thermal overload relay switches off the power to the drive. Never let
the thermal overload relay switch off only the brake resistor as this will cause serious
damage to the AC Motor Drive.
NFB
MC
R/L1
R/L1
U/T1
S/L2
S/L2
V/T2
IM
T/L3
T/L3
W/T3
MOTOR
O.L.
MC
Thermal
Overload
SA
Relay or
Surge
temperature Absorber
switch
VFD Series
+( P)
+( P)
- (N)
- (N)
B1
Thermal Overload
Relay
O.L.
Brake
Brake
Unit
BR Resistor
B2
Temperature
Switch
Note1: When using the AC drive with DC reactor, please refer to wiring diagr am in the AC drive
user manual for the wiring of terminal +(P) of Brake unit.
Note2: Do NOT wire terminal -(N) to the neutral point of power system.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-3
Appendix B Accessories|
B.1.1 Dimensions and Weights for Brake Resistors
(Dimensions are in millimeter)
Order P/N: BR080W200, BR080W750, BR300W100, BR300W250, BR300W400, BR400W150,
BR400W040
Model no.
L1
L2
H
D
W
Max. Weight (g)
140
125
20
5.3
60
160
BR200W150
165
150
40
5.3
BR200W250
165
150
40
5.3
215
200
30
5.3
60
750
265
250
30
5.3
60
930
BR080W200
BR080W750
BR300W100
BR300W250
BR300W400
BR400W150
BR400W040
B-4
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
Order P/N: BR500W030, BR500W100, BR1KW020, BR1KW075
Model no.
L1
L2
H
D
W
Max. Weight (g)
335
320
30
5.3
60
1100
400
385
50
5.3
100
2800
BR500W030
BR500W100
BR1KW020
BR1KW075
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-5
Appendix B Accessories|
Order P/N: BR1K0W050
Order P/N: BR1K0W050, BR1K2W008, BR1K2W6P8, BR1K5W005, BR1K5W040
B-6
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
B.2 No Fuse Circuit Breaker Chart
For 1-phase/3-phase drives, the current rating of the breaker shall be within 2-4 times rated input
current.
1-phase
3-phase
Model
Recommended
no-fuse
breaker (A)
Model
Recommended
no-fuse breaker
(A)
VFD002EL11A
15
VFD002EL23A
5
VFD002EL21A
10
VFD004EL23A
5
VFD004EL11A
20
VFD004EL43A
5
VFD004EL21A
15
VFD007EL23A
10
VFD007EL11A
30
VFD007EL43A
5
VFD007EL21A
20
VFD015EL23A
20
VFD015EL21A
30
VFD015EL43A
10
VFD022EL21A
50
VFD022EL23A
30
VFD022EL43A
15
VFD037EL23A
40
VFD037EL43A
20
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-7
Appendix B Accessories|
B.3 Fuse Specification Chart
Smaller fuses than those shown in the table are permitted.
B-8
Line Fuse
I (A)
I (A)
Input
Output
I (A)
Bussmann P/N
VFD002EL11A
6.4
1.6
15
JJN-15
VFD002EL21A
4.9
1.6
10
JJN-10
VFD002EL23A
1.9
1.6
5
JJN-6
Model
VFD004EL11A
9
2.5
20
JJN-20
VFD004EL21A
6.5
2.5
15
JJN-15
VFD004EL23A
2.7
2.5
5
JJN-6
VFD004EL43A
1.8
1.5
5
JJS-6
VFD007EL11A
18
4.2
30
JJN-30
VFD007EL21A
9.3
4.2
20
JJN-20
VFD007EL23A
4.9
4.2
10
JJN-10
VFD007EL43A
3.2
2.5
5
JJS-6
VFD015EL21A
15.7
7.5
30
JJN-30
VFD015EL23A
9
7.5
20
JJN-20
VFD015EL43A
4.3
4.2
10
JJS-10
VFD022EL21A
24
11
50
JJN-50
VFD022EL23A
15
11
30
JJN-30
VFD022EL43A
7.1
5.5
15
JJS-15
VFD037EL23A
20.6
17
40
JJN-40
VFD037EL43A
9.0
8.2
20
JJS-20
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
B.4 AC Reactor
B.4.1 AC Input Reactor Recommended Value
230V, 50/60Hz, 1-Phase
kW
HP
Fundamental
Amps
0.2
1/4
0.4
1/2
0.75
Inductance (mH)
Max. continuous
Amps
3~5% impedance
4
6
6.5
5
7.5
3
1
8
12
1.5
1.5
2
12
18
1.25
2.2
3
18
27
0.8
460V, 50/60Hz, 3-Phase
kW
HP
Fundamental
Amps
Max.
continuous
Amps
3% impedance
5% impedance
0.4
1/2
2
3
20
32
0.75
1
4
6
9
12
1.5
2
4
6
6.5
9
2.2
3
8
12
5
7.5
3.7
5
8
12
3
5
Inductance (mH)
B.4.2 AC Output Reactor Recommended Value
115V/230V, 50/60Hz, 3-Phase
kW
HP
Fundamental
Amps
Max.
continuous
Amps
3% impedance
5% impedance
0.2
1/4
4
4
9
12
0.4
1/2
6
6
6.5
9
0.75
1
8
12
3
5
1.5
2
8
12
1.5
3
2.2
3
12
18
1.25
2.5
3.7
5
18
27
0.8
1.5
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Inductance (mH)
B-9
Appendix B Accessories|
460V, 50/60Hz, 3-Phase
kW
HP
Fundamental
Amps
Max.
continuous
Amps
3% impedance
5% impedance
Inductance (mH)
0.4
1/2
2
3
20
32
0.75
1
4
6
9
12
1.5
2
4
6
6.5
9
2.2
3
8
12
5
7.5
3.7
5
12
18
2.5
4.2
B.4.3 Applications
Connected in input circuit
Application 1
Question
When more than one AC motor drive is
When applying power to one of the AC motor
connected to the same mains power, and one drive, the charge current of the capacitors
of them is ON during operation.
may cause voltage dip. The AC motor drive
may be damaged when over current occurs
during operation.
Correct wiring
M1
reactor
AC motor drive
motor
AC motor drive
motor
AC motor drive
motor
M2
Mn
B-10
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
Application 2
Silicon rectifier and AC motor drive are
connected to the same power.
Question
Switching spikes will be generated when the
silicon rectifier switches on/off. These spikes
may damage the mains circuit.
Correct wiring
Silicon Controlled Rectifier
power
reactor
DC
AC motor drive
reactor
motor
Application 3
Question
Used to improve the input power factor, to
reduce harmonics and provide protection from
AC line disturbances. (surges, switching
spikes, short interruptions, etc.). The AC line
reactor should be installed when the power
supply capacity is 500kVA or more and
exceeds 6 times the inverter capacity, or the
mains wiring distance ≤ 10m.
When the mains power capacity is too large,
line impedance will be small and the charge
current will be too high. This may damage AC
motor drive due to higher rectifier
temperature.
Correct wiring
large-capacity
power
reactor
small-capacity
AC motor drive
motor
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-11
Appendix B Accessories|
B.5 Zero Phase Reactor (RF220X00A)
Dimensions are in millimeter and (inch)
Cable
type
(Note)
Singlecore
Threecore
Recommended Wire
Size
AWG
mm2
≦10 ≦5.3
Nominal
(mm2)
≦5.5
Qty.
Wiring
Method
1
Diagram
A
≦2 ≦33.6
≦38
4
Diagram
B
≦12 ≦3.3
≦3.5
1
Diagram
A
≦1 ≦42.4
≦50
4
Diagram
B
Note: 600V Insulated unshielded Cable.
Diagram A
Please wind each wire 4 times around the
core. The reactor must be put at inverter
output as close as possible.
Zero Phase Reactor
Power
Supply
B-12
R/L1
Diagram B
Please put all wires through 4 cores in
series without winding.
Zero Phase Reactor
Power
Supply
R/L1
S/L2
T/L3
U/T1
V/T2
W/T3
MOTOR
Note 1: The table above gives
approximate wire size for the zero phase
reactors but the selection is ultimately
governed by the type and diameter of
cable fitted i.e. the cable must fit through
the center hole of zero phase reactors.
Note 2: Only the phase conductors should
pass through, not the earth core or screen.
Note 3: When long motor output cables
are used an output zero phase reactor
may be required to reduce radiated
emissions from the cable.
U/T1
S/L2
V/T2
T/L3
W/T3
MOTOR
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
B.6 Remote Controller RC-01
Dimensions are in millimeter
8
6
5
4
16 15 14 13
11
RC-01Terminal block
(Wiring connections)
AFM ACM AVI +10V DCM MI5 MI1 MI2 MI6
VFD-EL I/O block
VFD-EL Programming:
Pr.02.00 set to 2
Pr.02.01 set to 1 (external controls)
Pr.04.04 set to 1 (setting Run/Stop and Fwd/Rev controls)
Pr.04.07 (MI5) set to 5 (External reset)
Pr.04.08 (MI6) set to 8 (JOG operation)
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-13
Appendix B Accessories|
B.7 PU06
B.7.1 Description of the Digital Keypad VFD-PU06
LED Display
Indicates frequency, voltage, current, user
defined units, read, and save, etc.
Frequency Command
Status indicator
Output Frequency
Status indicator
F
H
U
Model Number
VFD-PU06
User Defined Units
Status indicator
EXT PU
JOG
By pressing JOG key,
Jog frequency operation.
UP and DOWN Key
Set the parameter number
and changes the numerical
data, such as Master Frequency.
Status Display
Display the driver's current status.
MODE
JOG
PU
Left Key
Change between different display mode.
Right key
Move cursor to the left.
Move the cursor to the right
FWD/REV Key
Select FWD/REV operation.
RUN
STOP
RESET
STOP/RESET
Stops AC drive operation and reset the drive
after fault occurred.
RUN Key
Start AC drive operation.
B.7.2 Explanation of Display Message
Display Message
Descriptions
The AC motor drive Master Frequency Command.
The Actual Operation Frequency present at terminals U, V, and W.
The custom unit (u)
The output current present at terminals U, V, and W.
Press
to change the mode to READ. Press PROG/DATA for
about 2 sec or until it’s flashing, read the parameters of AC drive to the
digital keypad PU06. It can read 4 groups of parameters to PU06. (read
0 – read 3)
Press
to change the mode to SAVE. Press PROG/DATA for
about 2 sec or until it’s flashing, then write the parameters from the
digital keypad PU06 to AC drive. If it has saved, it will show the type of
AC motor drive.
B-14
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
Display Message
Descriptions
The specified parameter setting.
The actual value stored in the specified parameter.
External Fault
“End” displays for approximately 1 second if the entered input data have
been accepted. After a parameter value has been set, the new value is
automatically stored in memory. To modify an entry, use the
or
keys.
“Err” displays if the input is invalid.
Communication Error. Please check the AC motor drive user manual
(Chapter 5, Group 9 Communication Parameter) for more details.
B.7.3 Operation Flow Chart
VFD-PU06 Operation Flow Chart
Or
XX
Press UP key to select
SAVE or READ.
Press PROG/DATA for
about 2 seconds or until
it is flashing, then save
parameters from PU06 to
AC drive or read parameters
from AC drive to PU06.
XX-XX
XXXXX
-ERRCannot
write in
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
-ENDSucceed to
Write in
B-15
Appendix B Accessories|
B.8 Fieldbus Modules
B.8.1 DeviceNet Communication Module (CME-DN01)
B.8.1.1 Panel Appearance and Dimensions
1. For RS-485 connection to VFD-EL 2. Communication port for connecting DeviceNet
network 3. Address selector 4. Baud rate selector 5. Three LED status indicators for monitor.
(Refer to the figure below)
3
4
125K
5
250K
ADD1 ADD2 BAUD
NETMOD SP
CME-DN01
2
72.2 [2.84]
57.3 [2.26]
14.3 [0.57]
59.7 [2.35]
500K
1
35.8 [1.41]
3.5 [0.14]
UNIT: mm(inch)
B.8.1.2 Wiring and Settings
Refer to following diagram for details.
MAC address Date Rate
125K
Setting baud rate
500K
ADD1 ADD2 BAUD
Setting MAC addresses:
use decimal system.
0
250K
NET MOD SP
CME-DN01
BAUD
1: Reserved
2: EV
3: GND
4: SG5: SG+
6: Reserved
7: Reserved
8: Reserved
V+
B-16
CAN-H
Empty
CAN-L
Pin
V-
Switch
Value
Baud
Rate
0
125K
1
250K
2
500K
Other
AUTO
ADD1
ADD2
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
B.8.1.3 Power Supply
No external power is needed. Power is supplied via RS-485 port that is connected to VFD-EL.
An 8 pins RJ-45 cable, which is packed together with this communication module, is used to
connect the RS-485 port between VFD-EL and this communication module for power. This
communication module will perform the function once it is connected. Refer to the following
paragraph for LED indications.
B.8.1.4 LEDs Display
1.
SP: Green LED means in normal condition, Red LED means abnormal condition.
2.
Module: Green blinking LED means no I/O data transmission, Green steady LED means
I/O data transmission OK.
Red LED blinking or steady LED means module communication is abnormal.
3.
Network: Green LED means DeviceNet communication is normal, Red LED means
abnormal
B.8.2 LonWorks Communication Module (CME-LW01)
B.8.2.1 Introduction
Device CME-LW01 is used for communication interface between Modbus and LonTalk. CMELW01 needs be configured via LonWorks network tool first, so that it can perform the function
on LonWorks network. No need to set CME-LW01 address.
This manual provides instructions for the installation and setup for CME-LW01 that is used to
communicate with Delta VFD-EL (firmware version of VFD-EL should conform with CMELW01 according to the table below) via LonWorks Network.
B.8.2.2 Dimensions
SP
CME-LW 01
57.3 [2.26]
59.7 [2.35]
9.5 [0.37]
72.2 [2.84]
34.8 [1.37]
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
3.5 [0.14]
B-17
Appendix B Accessories|
B.8.2.3 Specifications
Power supply: 16-30VDC, 750mW
Communication:
Modbus in ASCII format, protocol: 9600, 7, N, 2
LonTalk:
free topology with FTT-10A 78 Kbps.
LonTalk terminal:
4-pin terminals, wire gauge: 28-12 AWG, wire strip length: 7-8mm
RS-485 port: 8 pins with RJ-45
B.8.2.4 Wiring
Service LED
Service Pin
Power LED SP LED
SP
CME-LW 01
1: Reserved
2: EV
3: GND
4: SG-
5: SG+
6: Reserved
7: Reserved
8: Reserved
1 2 3 4
LonTalk LonTalk
„
Terminal
Terminal definition for LonTalk system
Symbol
1
2
3
Function
These are twisted pair cables to connect
to LonTalk system. Terminals 1 and 2
should be used as one group, and the
same for terminals 3 and 4.
4
B.8.2.5 LED Indications
There are three LEDs in front panel of CME-LW01. If the communication is normal, power
LED, SP LED should be green (red LED means abnormal communication) and service LED
should be OFF. If LEDs display do not match, refer to user manual for details.
B-18
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
B.8.3 Profibus Communication Module (CME-PD01)
B.8.3.1 Panel Appearance
Address Switches
NET LED SP LED
ADDH AD DL
N ET SP
CME-P B01
RS-485 (RJ45)
1: Reserved
2: EV
3: GND
4: SG5: SG+
6: Reserved
7: Reserved
8: Reserved
Profibus-DP
Interface (DB9)
1.
SP LED: Indicating the connection status between VFD-EL and CME-PD01.
2.
NET LED: Indicating the connection status between CME-PD01 and PROFIBUS-DP.
3.
Address Switches: Setting the address of CME-PD01 on PROFIBUS- DP network.
4.
RS-485 Interface (RJ45): Connecting to VFD-EL, and supply power to CME-PD01.
5.
PROFIBUS-DP Interface (DB9): 9-PIN connector that connects to PROFIBUS-DP
network.
6.
Extended Socket: 4-PIN socket that connects to PROFIBUS-DP network.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-19
Appendix B Accessories|
B.8.3.2 Dimensions
ADDH A DDL
NET SP
CME-P B01
57.3 [2.26]
59.7 [2.35]
3.6 [0.14]
72.2 [2.84]
34.8 [1.37]
UNIT: mm(inch)
B.8.3.3 Parameters Settings in VFD-EL
VFD-EL
Baud Rate 9600
Pr.09.01=1
RTU 8, N, 2
Pr.09.03=3
Freq. Source
Pr.02.00=4
Command Source
Pr.02.01=3
B.8.3.4 Power Supply
The power of CME-PD01 is supplied from VFD-EL. Please connect VFD-EL to CME-PD01 by
using 8 pins RJ-45 cable, which is packed together with CME-PD01. After connection is
completed, CME-PD01 is powered whenever power is applied to VFD-EL.
B.8.3.5 PROFIBUS Address
CME-PD01 has two rotary switches for the user to select the PROFIBUS address. The set
value via 2 address switches, ADDH and ADDL, is in HEX format. ADDH sets the upper 4 bits,
and ADDL sets the lower 4 bits of the PROFIBUS address.
B-20
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
Address
Meaning
1..0x7D
Valid PROFIBUS address
0 or 0x7E..0xFE
Invalid PROFIBUS address
B.8.4 CME-COP01 (CANopen)
CME-COP01 CANopen communication module is specifically for connecting to CANopen
communication module of Delta VFD-EL AC motor drive.
B.8.4.1 Product Profile
7
6
3
4
5
2
c
COM port
d
CANopen connection port
e
RUN indicator
f
ERROR indicator
g
SP (Scan Port) indicator
h
Baud rate switch
i
Address switch
1
Unit: mm
B.8.4.2 Specifications
CANopen Connection
Interface
Pluggable connector (5.08mm)
Transmission method
CAN
Transmission cable
2-wire twisted shielded cable
Electrical isolation
500V DC
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-21
Appendix B Accessories|
Communication
Process Data Objects
(PDO)
Service Data Object
(SDO)
Baud
Message type
Synchronization
rate
(SYNC)
Emergency (EMCY)
Network Management
(NMT)
Product code
Delta VFD-EL AC motor drive 22
Device type
402
Vendor ID
477
10 Kbps
20 Kbps
50 Kbps
125 Kbps
250 Kbps
500 Kbps
800 Kbps
1 Mbps
Environmental Specifications
ESD(IEC 61131-2, IEC 61000-4-2): 8KV Air Discharge
EFT(IEC 61131-2, IEC 61000-4-4): Power Line: 2KV, Digital I/O: 1KV,
Noise Immunity Analog & Communication I/O: 1KV
Damped-Oscillatory Wave: Power Line: 1KV, Digital I/O: 1KV
RS(IEC 61131-2, IEC 61000-4-3): 26MHz ~ 1GHz, 10V/m
Operation: 0°C ~ 55°C (Temperature), 50 ~ 95% (Humidity), Pollution
Environment
degree 2;
Storage: -40°C ~ 70°C (Temperature), 5 ~ 95% (Humidity)
Vibration /
Standard: IEC1131-2, IEC 68-2-6(TEST Fc/IEC1131-2 & IEC 68-2-27
Shock
(TEST Ea)
Resistance
Certifications
Standard: IEC 61131-2,UL508
B.8.4.3 Components
Pin Definition on CANopen Connection Port
To connect with CANopen, use the connector enclosed with CME-COP01 or any connectors
you can buy in the store for wiring.
Pin
Signal
Content
1
CAN_GND
Ground / 0 V / V-
2
CAN_L
Signal-
3
SHIELD
Shield
4
CAN_H
Signal+
5
-
Reserved
1 2 3 4 5
Baud Rate Setting
789
BCD
345
6
A
012
EF
Rotary switch (BR) sets up the communication speed on
CANopen network in hex. Setup range: 0 ~ 7 (8 ~F are
forbidden)
BR
B-22
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
Example: If you need to set up the communication speed of CME-COP01 as 500K, simply
switch BR to “5”.
BR Value
Baud rate
BR Value
Baud rate
0
10K
4
250K
1
20K
5
500K
2
50K
6
800K
3
125K
7
1M
MAC ID Setting
789
BCD
345
6
BCD
345
789
A
6
A
012
EF
012
EF
Rotary switches (ID_L and ID_H) set up the
Node-ID on CANopen network in hex. Setup
range: 00 ~ 7F (80 ~FF are forbidden)
ID_H
ID_L
Example: If you need to set up the communication address of CME-COP01 as 26(1AH),
simply switch ID_H to “1” and ID_L to “A”.
Switch Setting
Content
0 … 7F
Valid CANopen MAC ID setting
Other
Invalid CANopen MAC ID setting
B.8.4.4 LED Indicator Explanation & Troubleshooting
There are 3 LED indicators, RUN, ERROR and SP, on CME-COP01 to indicate the
communication status of CME-COP01.
RUN LED
LED Status
State
Indication
OFF
No power
No power on CME-COP01 card
Single Flash
(Green)
STOPPED
CME-COP01 is in STOPPED state
Blinking
(Green)
PRE-OPERATIONAL
CME-COP01 is in the PREOPERATIONAL state
Green ON
OPERATIONAL
CME-COP01 is in the
OPERATIONAL state
Red ON
Configuration error
Node-ID or Baud rate setting error
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
B-23
Appendix B Accessories|
ERROR LED
LED Status
OFF
Single Flash
(Red)
Double Flash
(Red)
Red ON
State
Indication
No error
CME-COP01 is working condition
Warning limit reached
At least one of error counter of the
CANopen controller has reached or
exceeded the warning level (too many
error frames)
Error control event
A guard event or heartbeat event has
occurred
Bus-off
The CANopen controller is bus-off
SP LED
LED Status
State
Indication
OFF
No Power
No power on CME-COP01 card
LED Blinking
(Red)
CRC check error
Check your communication setting in
VFD-EL drives (19200,<8,N,2>,RTU)
Red ON
Connection failure/No
connection
1. Check the connection between
VFD-EL drive and CME-COP01
card is correct
2. Re-wire the VFD-EL connection
and ensure that the wire
specification is correct
Green ON
Normal
Communication is normal
LED Descriptions
State
B-24
Description
LED ON
Constantly on
LED OFF
Constantly off
LED blinking
Flash, on for 0.2s and off for 0.2s
LED single
flash
On for 0.2s and off for 1s
LED double
flash
On for 0.2s off for 0.2s, on for 0.2s and off for 1s
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix B Accessories|
B.9 MKE-EP & DIN Rail
B.9.1 MKE-EP
EMC earthing plate for Shielding Cable
C CLAMP
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
TWO HOLE STRAP
1
TWO HOLE STRAP
2
B-25
Appendix B Accessories|
B.9.2 DIN Rail: MKEL-DRA (Only for frame A)
Dimensions
This DIN rail (MKEL-DRA) is only for frame A. For frame B, it is shipped with DIN rail (MKEL-DRB).
Refer to chapter 1.3 for VFD-EL dimension.
NOTE
Frame A: VFD002EL11A/21A/23A, VFD004EL11A/21A/23A/43A, VFD007EL21A/23A/43A,
VFD015EL23A/43A
Frame B: VFD007EL11A, VFD015EL21A, VFD022EL21A/23A/43A, VFD037EL23A/43A
B-26
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive
The choice of the right AC motor drive for the application is very important and has great influence
on its lifetime. If the capacity of AC motor drive is too large, it cannot offer complete protection to the
motor and motor maybe damaged. If the capacity of AC motor drive is too small, it cannot offer the
required performance and the AC motor drive maybe damaged due to overloading.
But by simply selecting the AC motor drive of the same capacity as the motor, user application
requirements cannot be met completely. Therefore, a designer should consider all the conditions,
including load type, load speed, load characteristic, operation method, rated output, rated speed,
power and the change of load capacity. The following table lists the factors you need to consider,
depending on your requirements.
Related Specification
Item
Friction load and weight
load
Liquid (viscous) load
Load type
Inertia load
Load with power
transmission
Constant torque
Load speed and
Constant output
torque
Decreasing torque
characteristics
Decreasing output
Constant load
Shock load
Load
Repetitive load
characteristics
High starting torque
Low starting torque
Continuous operation, Short-time operation
Long-time operation at medium/low speeds
Maximum output current (instantaneous)
Constant output current (continuous)
Maximum frequency, Base frequency
Power supply transformer capacity or
percentage impedance
Voltage fluctuations and unbalance
Number of phases, single phase protection
Frequency
Mechanical friction, losses in wiring
Duty cycle modification
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Speed and
torque
characteristics
Time
ratings
Overload
capacity
●
Starting
torque
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
C-1
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive|
C.1 Capacity Formulas
1. When one AC motor drive operates one motor
The starting capacity should be less than 1.5x rated capacity of AC motor drive
The starting capacity=
⎛
k×N
GD 2 N ⎞
⎜ TL +
× ⎟ ≤ 1.5 × the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive ( kVA)
973 × η × cos ϕ ⎜⎝
375 t A ⎟⎠
2. When one AC motor drive operates more than one motor
2.1 The starting capacity should be less than the rated capacity of AC motor drive
Acceleration time ≦60 seconds
„
The starting capacity=
k×N
η × cos ϕ
[n
T
⎡
+ ns (ks − 1)] = PC1⎢⎢1 +
⎢⎣
⎤
ns
(ks − 1)⎥⎥ ≤ 1.5 × the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
⎥⎦
nT
Acceleration time ≧60 seconds
„
The starting capacity=
k×N
η × cos ϕ
[n
T
⎡
+ ns (ks − 1)] = PC1⎢⎢1 +
⎢⎣
⎤
ns
(ks − 1)⎥⎥ ≤ the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
⎥⎦
nT
2.2 The current should be less than the rated current of AC motor drive(A)
„
Acceleration time ≦60 seconds
nT + IM ⎡⎢⎣1+ nnTS ⎛⎜⎝ kS −1⎞⎟⎠ ⎤⎥⎦ ≤ 1.5 × the _ rated _ current _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive( A)
„
Acceleration time ≧60 seconds
nT + IM ⎡⎢⎣1+ nnTS ⎛⎜⎝ kS −1⎞⎟⎠ ⎤⎥⎦ ≤ the _ rated _ current _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive( A)
C-2
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Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive|
2.3 When it is running continuously
The requirement of load capacity should be less than the capacity of AC
„
motor drive(kVA)
The requirement of load capacity=
k × PM
η × cosϕ
≤ the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
The motor capacity should be less than the capacity of AC motor drive
„
k × 3 × VM × IM × 10−3 ≤ the _ capacity _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive(kVA)
The current should be less than the rated current of AC motor drive(A)
„
k × IM ≤ the _ rated _ current _ of _ AC _ motor _ drive( A)
Symbol explanation
PM
: Motor shaft output for load (kW)
η
: Motor efficiency (normally, approx. 0.85)
cos ϕ
: Motor power factor (normally, approx. 0.75)
VM
: Motor rated voltage(V)
IM
: Motor rated current(A), for commercial power
k
: Correction factor calculated from current distortion factor (1.05-1.1, depending on
PWM method)
PC1
: Continuous motor capacity (kVA)
kS
: Starting current/rated current of motor
nT
nS
: Number of motors in parallel
GD
: Number of simultaneously started motors
2
: Total inertia (GD2) calculated back to motor shaft (kg m2)
TL
: Load torque
tA
: Motor acceleration time
N
: Motor speed
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
C-3
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive|
C.2 General Precaution
Selection Note
1.
When the AC Motor Drive is connected directly to a large-capacity power transformer
(600kVA or above) or when a phase lead capacitor is switched, excess peak currents
may occur in the power input circuit and the converter section may be damaged. To avoid
this, use an AC input reactor (optional) before AC Motor Drive mains input to reduce the
current and improve the input power efficiency.
2.
When a special motor is used or more than one motor is driven in parallel with a single
AC Motor Drive, select the AC Motor Drive current ≥1.25x(Sum of the motor rated
currents).
3.
The starting and accel./decel. characteristics of a motor are limited by the rated current
and the overload protection of the AC Motor Drive. Compared to running the motor D.O.L.
(Direct On-Line), a lower starting torque output with AC Motor Drive can be expected. If
higher starting torque is required (such as for elevators, mixers, tooling machines, etc.)
use an AC Motor Drive of higher capacity or increase the capacities for both the motor
and the AC Motor Drive.
4.
When an error occurs on the drive, a protective circuit will be activated and the AC Motor
Drive output is turned off. Then the motor will coast to stop. For an emergency stop, an
external mechanical brake is needed to quickly stop the motor.
Parameter Settings Note
1.
The AC Motor Drive can be driven at an output frequency up to 400Hz (less for some
models) with the digital keypad. Setting errors may create a dangerous situation. For
safety, the use of the upper limit frequency function is strongly recommended.
2.
High DC brake operating voltages and long operation time (at low frequencies) may
cause overheating of the motor. In that case, forced external motor cooling is
recommended.
3.
4.
Motor accel./decel. time is determined by motor rated torque, load torque, and load inertia.
If the stall prevention function is activated, the accel./decel. time is automatically extended
to a length that the AC Motor Drive can handle. If the motor needs to decelerate within a
certain time with high load inertia that can’t be handled by the AC Motor Drive in the
C-4
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive|
required time, either use an external brake resistor and/or brake unit, depending on the
model, (to shorten deceleration time only) or increase the capacity for both the motor and
the AC Motor Drive.
C.3 How to Choose a Suitable Motor
Standard motor
When using the AC Motor Drive to operate a standard 3-phase induction motor, take the
following precautions:
1.
2.
The energy loss is greater than for an inverter duty motor.
Avoid running motor at low speed for a long time. Under this condition, the motor
temperature may rise above the motor rating due to limited airflow produced by the
motor’s fan. Consider external forced motor cooling.
3.
When the standard motor operates at low speed for long time, the output load must be
decreased.
4.
The load tolerance of a standard motor is as follows:
Load duty-cycle
25%
100
40% 60%
torque(%)
82
70
60
50
0
5.
continuous
3 6
20
Frequency (Hz)
60
If 100% continuous torque is required at low speed, it may be necessary to use a special
inverter duty motor.
6.
Motor dynamic balance and rotor endurance should be considered once the operating
speed exceeds the rated speed (60Hz) of a standard motor.
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
C-5
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive|
7.
Motor torque characteristics vary when an AC Motor Drive instead of commercial power
supply drives the motor. Check the load torque characteristics of the machine to be
connected.
8.
Because of the high carrier frequency PWM control of the VFD series, pay attention to the
following motor vibration problems:
„
Resonant mechanical vibration: anti-vibration (damping) rubbers should be
used to mount equipment that runs at varying speed.
„
Motor imbalance: special care is required for operation at 50 or 60 Hz and
higher frequency.
„
9.
To avoid resonances, use the Skip frequencies.
The motor fan will be very noisy when the motor speed exceeds 50 or 60Hz.
Special motors:
1.
Pole-changing (Dahlander) motor:
The rated current is differs from that of a standard motor. Please check before operation
and select the capacity of the AC motor drive carefully. When changing the pole number
the motor needs to be stopped first. If over current occurs during operation or
regenerative voltage is too high, please let the motor free run to stop (coast).
2.
Submersible motor:
The rated current is higher than that of a standard motor. Please check before operation
and choose the capacity of the AC motor drive carefully. With long motor cable between
AC motor drive and motor, available motor torque is reduced.
3.
Explosion-proof (Ex) motor:
Needs to be installed in a safe place and the wiring should comply with the (Ex)
requirements. Delta AC Motor Drives are not suitable for (Ex) areas with special
precautions.
4.
Gear reduction motor:
The lubricating method of reduction gearbox and speed range for continuous operation
will be different and depending on brand. The lubricating function for operating long time
at low speed and for high-speed operation needs to be considered carefully.
5.
Synchronous motor:
The rated current and starting current are higher than for standard motors. Please check
before operation and choose the capacity of the AC motor drive carefully. When the AC
C-6
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive|
motor drive operates more than one motor, please pay attention to starting and changing
the motor.
Power Transmission Mechanism
Pay attention to reduced lubrication when operating gear reduction motors, gearboxes, belts
and chains, etc. over longer periods at low speeds. At high speeds of 50/60Hz and above,
lifetime reducing noises and vibrations may occur.
Motor torque
The torque characteristics of a motor operated by an AC motor drive and commercial mains
power are different.
Below you’ll find the torque-speed characteristics of a standard motor (4-pole, 15kW):
AC motor drive
Motor
180
60 seconds
155
140
100
80
55
38
03 20
180
150
torque (%)
torque (%)
45
35
03 20
50
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 50Hz
V/F for 220V/50Hz
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
55
38
60
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 60Hz
V/F for 220V/60Hz
60 seconds
100
85
68
100
0 3 20
60
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 60Hz
V/F for 220V/60Hz
140
130
60 seconds
155
torque (%)
torque (%)
180
60 seconds
100
80
45
35
0 3 20 50
120
Frequency (Hz)
Base freq.: 50Hz
V/F for 220V/50Hz
C-7
Appendix C How to Select the Right AC Motor Drive|
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C-8
Revision August 2008, 2ELE, V1.02
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