Bematech | MP-4000 | User`s manual | Bematech MP-4000 User`s manual

MP-4000 TH Programmer's Manual
Rev.1.4
August 2007
(First edition: November 2006)
Copyright© by Bematech S.A, Curitiba-PR, Brazil. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be copied, reproduced, adapted or translated without the prior
written permission of Bematech S.A., except when allowed by patent rights.
Information in this publication is purely informative, subjected to change without notice and no
liability is assumed with respect to its use. However, as product improvements become
available, Bematech S.A. will make every effort to provide updated information for the
products described in this publication. The latest version of this manual can be obtained
through Bematech website:
www.bematech.com
Notwithstanding the other exceptions contained in this Manual, the consequences and
responsibility are assumed by the Purchaser of this product or third parties as a result of: (a)
intentional use for any improper, unintended or unauthorized applications of this product,
including any particular purpose; (b) unauthorized modifications, repairs, or alterations to this
product; (c) use of the product without complying with Bematech S.A. operating and
maintenance instructions; (d) use of the product as component in systems or other
applications in which the failure of this could create a situation where personal injury or
material damages may occur. In the events described above, Bematech S.A. and its officers,
administrators, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates and dealers shall not be held responsible or
respond by any claim, costs, damages, losses, expenses and any other direct or indirect injury,
as well as claims which alleges that Bematech S.A. was negligent regarding the design or
manufacture of the product.
Bematech S.A. shall not be liable against any damages or problems arising from the use of any
options or any consumable products other than those designated as original Bematech
products or approved products by Bematech S.A.
Any product names or its logotypes mentioned in this publication may be trademarks of its
respective owners and shall be here recognized.
Product warranties are only the ones expressly mentioned in the Quick Start. Bematech S.A.
disclaims any and all implied warranties for the product, including but not limited to implied
warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In addition, Bematech S.A.
shall not be responsible or liable for any special, incidental or consequential damages or lost
profits or savings arising from the use of the product by the Purchaser, the User or third
parties.
Summary
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................5
DEVELOPERS ADVICE......................................................................................................5
1 COMMANDS ....................................................................................................................6
1.1 Direct command.........................................................................................................................6
1.2 Control sequence........................................................................................................................6
2 USING THE COMMAND SUMMARY...............................................................................7
2.1 ESC/Bema Command Table ......................................................................................................7
2.2 ESC/POS Command Table ......................................................................................................11
3. ESC/BEMA COMMANDS .............................................................................................14
3.1 Operation Commands ..............................................................................................................14
3.2 Vertical positioning..................................................................................................................22
3.3 Horizontal positioning..............................................................................................................25
3.4 Character Types .......................................................................................................................27
3.5 Print width, character width and height ...................................................................................31
3.6 Bit images and graphics ...........................................................................................................35
3.6.1 24-bit graphics .............................................................................................................35
3.6.2 8-bit graphics ...............................................................................................................35
3.7 Communication........................................................................................................................42
3.7.1 Serial interface status byte ............................................................................................42
3.7.2 Serial / USB / EPP interface advanced status bytes......................................................43
3.7.3 Standard parallel interface status byte ..........................................................................44
3.8 Data Control.............................................................................................................................46
3.9 Barcodes...................................................................................................................................47
4. ESC/POS COMMANDS ................................................................................................57
4.1 Operation Commands ..............................................................................................................57
4.2 Vertical positioning..................................................................................................................63
4.3 Horizontal positioning..............................................................................................................66
4.4 Character types.........................................................................................................................68
4.5. Communication.......................................................................................................................70
4.6. Data Control............................................................................................................................76
4.7. Barcodes..................................................................................................................................76
4.8. Bit images and graphics ..........................................................................................................76
APPENDIX I – TABLES ....................................................................................................77
Table 1 - Characters Per Line ........................................................................................................77
Table 2 - Paper Width ....................................................................................................................77
APPENDIX II – CHARACTER TABLES............................................................................78
ASCII .............................................................................................................................................78
Code Page 437 ...............................................................................................................................78
Code Page 850 ...............................................................................................................................79
Code Page 858 ...............................................................................................................................80
Code Page 860 ...............................................................................................................................81
MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
Code Page 866 ...............................................................................................................................82
APPENDIX III - TRANSMISSION STATUS IDENTIFICATION .........................................83
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Programmer’s Manual
Introduction
The objective of this manual is to give to programmers all necessary information to properly
program and integrate the MP-4000 TH printer into a system. The MP-4000 TH printer is able
to interpret ESC/Bema commands and ESC/POS® 1 commands.
For further information refer to the documentation below available in our website:
www.bematech.com
User’s Manual – Contains information referring to operation, features and specifications of
the MP-4000 TH printer.
Service Manual – Contains information necessary to identify and resolve MP-4000 TH printer
problems.
Developers advice
Beside this manual, the drivers and API (and all their documentation) listed below are available
from our website (http://www.bematech.com):
•
Windows 2000/XP/Vista-32 – API dynamic-link library driver (mp2032.dll); recent
spooler drivers (BemaSetupXXxX.exe); parallel port driver and USB port driver;
software for testing purposes.
•
Windows 9x/ME/NT4 - API dynamic-link library driver (mp2032.dll); old and
unsupported spooler drivers (BemaSetupXXxX.exe);
•
Linux (x86) - CUPSTM spooler drivers compatible with Redhat
implementantion of mp2320 library as a shared object (mp2032.so);
8.0;
partial
1 ESC/POS® is registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
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1 Commands
The MP-4000 TH printer has a series of programming commands that may be used in the
remote mode. Two types of commands can be sent:
1.1 Direct command
In this mode, a simple ASCII code is enough to command the printer. For example:
ASCII CODE
DECIMAL
HEXADECIMAL
:
:
:
LF
10
0A
This command causes the printer to perform a line feed.
1.2 Control sequence
In this mode, more than one code may be sent to command or program the printer.
This “control sequence” always starts with the ASCII code “ESC”, “FS” or “GS”. For example:
ASCII CODE
DECIMAL
HEXADECIMAL
:
:
:
ESC
27
1B
W
87
57
1
01
01
This command switches the printing mode to “expanded”.
Following is a summary of all commands accepted by the MP-4000 TH printer.
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2 Using the command summary
The following section lists and describes all resident commands including command
parameters. The command syntax is as follows:
•ESC
•ESC
•ESC
•ESC
P is a command without parameters;
Q n is a command with one parameter only;
K n1 n2 is a command with two parameters;
D n1...nk is a command with a variable number of parameters.
A character ‘h’ following an alphanumeric string represents an hexadecimal number. A
number with no ‘h’ following it is in decimal mode. An italic item is a parameter to the escape
function.
Note: MP-4000 TH printer is capable of interpreting ESC/Bema commands and
ESC/POS commands.
2.1 ESC/Bema Command Table
Operation
Code
GS F9h 5 00h
GS F9h 20h 30h
GS F9h 1Fh 31h
ESC @
ESC b n
ESC v n
ESC w
ESC m
ESC y n
ESC x
ESC z n
ESC ( A pL pH fn n1
n2 vol
GS F9h – n
GS F9h ! n
GS F9h , n
GS F9h + n
GS FAh n
GS F9h “ 0
GS F9h ‘ n
GS F9h ( 0
GS F9h ) 0
GS F7h BS NUL !
i1...i4 s1..s4
GS F9h * n
Function
Select ESC/Bema operation mode. Writes on flash.
Use with caution.
Select ESC/Bema temporary operation mode.
Doesn’t alters flash.
Return to previous set of commands configured
before temporary setting.
Initializes the MP-4000 TH printer
n = 1 => PE signal reflects drawer sensor
n = 0 => PE signal reflects paper sensor
Activate drawer for n milliseconds (-50ms < n <
200ms)
Performs a full paper cut
Performs a partial paper cut
Enable / disable panel keys
Enable Dump Mode
Enable (n = 1) / disable (n = 0) automatic line feed
Activate/deactivate buzzer
Set printer priority (high quality or high speed)
Set paper width
Enable/Disable paper near end sensor
Set and save printing intensity
Set printer language
Get printer log
Get printer information
Load default user configuration
Print user configuration
Set IP address and subnet mask
Set USB address
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Firmware Release: 1.5
Format hexadecimal
1D F9 35 00
Page
13
1D F9 20 30
13
1D F9 1F 31
14
1B 40
1B 62 n
14
14
1B 76 n
14
1B 77
1B 6D
1B 79 n
1B 78
1B 7A n
1B 28 41 pL pH fn n1
n2 vol
1D F9 2D n
1D F9 21 n
1D F9 2C n
1D F9 2B n
1D FA n
1D F9 22 30
1D F9 27 n
1D F9 28 30
1D F9 29 30
1D F7 08 00 21 i1...i4
s1..s4
1D F9 2A n
15
15
15
16
16
16
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
20
20
20
20
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Vertical positioning
Code
ESC C n
ESC c n1 n2
ESC J n
FF
LF
ESC 2
ESC 3 n
ESC f 1 n
ESC A n
Function
Set page size in lines
Set page size in millimeters
Performs a fine line feed
Feeds one page
Feeds one line
Line feed of 1/6 inch
Line feed of n/144 inch
Vertical skipping
Feeding paper (n * 0,375mm)
Format hexadecimal
1B 43 n
1B 63 n1 n2
1B 4A n
0C
0A
1B 32
1B 33 n
1B 66 31 n
1B 41 n
Page
21
21
21
21
22
22
23
23
23
Format hexadecimal
1B 66 30 n
1B 51 n
1B 6C n
1B 61 n
Page
24
24
24
25
Format hexadecimal
1B 2D n
1B 34
1B 35
1B 45
1B 46
1B 74 n
1B 53 n
1B 54
1B 4E n
1B 21 n
1B 7D n
Page
26
26
26
27
27
27
28
28
28
29
29
Horizontal positioning
Code
ESC f 0 n
ESC Q n
ESC l n
ESC a n
Function
Horizontal skipping
Set right margin
Set left margin
Centralize (n = 1) or left align (n = 0) characters
Character types
Code
ESC - n
ESC 4
ESC 5
ESC E
ESC F
ESC t n
ESC S n
ESC T
ESC N n
ESC ! n
ESC } n
Function
Enable / disable underlined print mode
Enable italic print mode
Disable italic print mode
Enable emphasized print mode
Disable emphasized print mode
Select code page
Enable superscript and / or subscript
Disable superscript and subscript modes
Select Intensity Mode
Select print mode
Enable / Disable inverted mode
Print width, character width and height
Code
DC2
DC4
ESC d n
ESC H
ESC P
ESC SI
ESC SO
ESC V
ESC W n
SI
SO
Function
Disable condensed mode
Disable on-line expanded print
Enable / Disable double height print mode
Set default column per line
Set default column per line
Set condensed mode
Set on-line expanded mode
Set on-line double height mode
Enable / Disable expanded mode
Enable condensed mode
Enable on-line expanded mode
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Firmware Release: 1.5
Format hexadecimal
12
14
1B 64 n
1B 48
1B 50
1B 0F
1B 0E
1B 56
1B 57 n
0F
0E
Page
30
30
30
31
31
31
32
32
32
33
33
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Bit images and graphics
Code
ESC $ n1 n2
ESC * ! n1 n2 b1...bn
Function
Fill in blank bit columns
24-bit graphics
ESC K n1 n2 b1...bn
FS p n m
FS q n [xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]n
GS / m
GS * x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
GS v 0 m xL xH yL yH
d1...dk
8-bit graphics
Print NV bit image
Define NV bit image
Print downloaded bit image
Define downloaded bit image
Print Raster Bitmap
Format hexadecimal
1B 24 n1 n2
1B 2A 21 n1 n2 b1 ...
bn
1B 4B n1 n2 b1 ... bn
1C 70 n m
1C 71 n [xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]n
1D 2F m
1D 2A x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
1D 76 30 m xL xH yL yH
d1...dk
Page
35
35
Format hexadecimal
05
1D F8 31
03
02
Page
41
41
44
44
Format hexadecimal
18
7F
Page
45
45
36
36
37
38
38
39
Communication
Code
ENQ
GS ° 1
ETX
STX
Function
Serial communication status enquiry
Serial / USB communication advanced status
End buffer
Clear buffer
Data Control
Code
CAN
DEL
Function
Cancel last line
Cancel last character
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Barcodes
Code
GS h n
GS w n
GS H n
GS f n
GS k 0 d1…d11 NUL
GS k 65 11 d1...d11
GS k 1 d1…d6 NUL
GS k 66 6 d1…d6
GS k 2 d1…d12 NUL
GS k 67 12 d1…d12
GS k 3 d1…d7 NUL
GS k 68 7 d1…d7
GS k 4 d1…dn NUL
GS k 69 n d1…dn
GS k 5 d1…dn NUL
GS k 70 n d1...dn
GS k 6 d1…dn NUL
GS k 71 n d1…dn
GS k 72 d1…dn
GS k 73 n d1…dn
GS k 128 n1 n2 n3 n4
n5 n6 d1…dn
GS k 21 d1…d9 NUL
GS k 22 d1…dn NUL
GS k 130 n d1…dn
GS k 23 d1…dn NUL
GS k 131 n d1…dn
GS k 132 n1 n2
Function
Sets the height n of the barcode generated
Determines the width of the barcode
Choose the position of the human readable
information (HRI) of the barcode
Sets the font used to print the human readable
information (HRI)
Prints an UPC-A barcode
Prints an UPC-A barcode
Prints an UPC-E barcode
Prints an UPC-E barcode
Prints an EAN-13 barcode
Prints an EAN-13 barcode
Prints an EAN-8 barcode
Prints an EAN-8 barcode
Prints a CODE 39 barcode
Prints a CODE 39 barcode
Prints an ITF barcode
Prints an ITF barcode
Prints a CODABAR barcode
Prints a CODABAR barcode
Prints a CODE 93 barcode
Prints a CODE 128 barcode
Prints a PDF-417 barcode
Prints an ISBN barcode
Prints a MSI barcode
Prints a MSI barcode
Prints a PLESSEY barcode
Prints a PLESSEY barcode
Programs barcode’s left margin
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Firmware Release: 1.5
Format hexadecimal
1D 68 n
1D 77 n
1D 48 n
Page
46
46
46
1D 66 n
47
1D 6B 00 d1…d11 00
1D 6B 41 0B d1…d11
1D 6B 01 d1…d6 00
1D 6B 42 06 d1…d6
1D 6B 02 d1…d12 00
1D 6B 43 0C d1…d12
1D 6B 03 d1…d7 00
1D 6B 44 07 d1…d7
1D 6B 04 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 45 n d1…dn
1D 6B 05 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 46 n d1…dn
1D 6B 06 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 47 n d1…dn
1D 6B 48 n d1…dn
1D 6B 49 n d1…dn
1D 6B 80 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5
n6 d1…dn
1D 6B 15 d1…d9 00
1D 6B 16 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 82 n d1…dn
1D 6B 17 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 83 n d1…dn
1D 6B 84 n1 n2
47
47
48
48
48
49
49
49
50
50
50
51
51
51
52
52
53
53
54
54
54
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55
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Programmer’s Manual
2.2 ESC/POS Command Table
Operation
Code
GS F9h 5 01h
GS F9h 20h 31h
GS F9h 1Fh 31h
ESC = n
ESC @
ESC c 3 n
ESC c 4 n
ESC c 5 n
ESC p m t1 t2
GS ( A pL pH n m
DLE DC4 n m t
GS V m (n)
ESC ( A pL pH fn n c
t1 t2
Function
Select ESC/POS operation mode. Writes on flash.
Use with caution.
Select ESC/POS temporary operation mode.
Doesn’t alters flash.
Return to previous set of commands configured
before temporary setting.
Select peripheral device
Initialize printer
Select paper sensor(s) to output paper-end signals
Select paper sensor(s) to stop printing
Enable/disable panel buttons
General pulse
Execute test print
Generate pulse at real-time
Select cut mode and cut paper
Activate buzzer
Format hexadecimal
1D F9 35 01
Page
56
1D F9 20 31
56
1D F9 1F 31
57
1B 3D n
1B 40
1B 63 33 n
1B 63 34 n
1B 63 35 n
1B 70 m t1 t2
1D 28 41 pL pH n m
10 14 n m t
1D 56 m (n)
1B 28 41 pL pH fn n c
t1 t2
57
57
58
58
59
59
60
60
61
61
Format hexadecimal
0A
0C
0D
1B 24 nL nH
1B 32
1B 33 n
1B 5C nL nH
1B 64 n
Page
62
62
62
63
63
63
63
64
Format hexadecimal
09
1B 20 n
1B 44 n1…nk 00
1B 61 n
1D 4C nL nH
Page
65
65
65
66
66
Format hexadecimal
1B 2D n
1B 45 n
1B 4D n
1D 42 n
1B 52 n
1B 74 n
Page
67
67
67
68
68
68
Vertical positioning
Code
LF
FF
CR
ESC $ nL nH
ESC 2
ESC 3 n
ESC \ nL nH
ESC d n
Function
Print and line feed
Print and return to standard mode
Print and carriage return
Set absolute print position
Select default line spacing
Set line spacing
Set relative print position
Print and feed n lines
Horizontal positioning
Code
HT
ESC SP n
ESC D n1…nK NUL
ESC a n
GS L nL nH
Function
Horizontal tab
Set right-side character spacing
Set horizontal tab positions
Select justification
Set left margin
Character types
Code
ESC – n
ESC E n
ESC M n
GS B
ESC R n
ESC t n
Function
Turn underline mode on/off
Turn emphasized mode on/off
Select character font
Activate/deactivate black/white reverse printing
Select an international character set
Select character code table
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Communication
Code
DLE EOT n
DLE ENQ n
GS I n
GS a n
GS r n
Function
Real-time status transmission
Real-time request to printer
Transmit printer ID
Enable/disable Automatic Status Back (ASB)
Transmit status
Format hexadecimal
10 04 n
10 05 n
1D 49 n
1D 61 n
1D 72 n
Page
69
70
71
72
73
Format hexadecimal
18
Page
75
Format hexadecimal
1D 68 n
1D 77 n
1D 48 n
1D 66 n
1D 6B 00 d1…d11 00
1D 6B 41 0B d1…d11
1D 6B 01 d1…d6 00
1D 6B 42 06 d1…d6
1D 6B 02 d1…d12 00
1D 6B 43 0C d1…d12
1D 6B 03 d1…d7 00
1D 6B 44 07 d1…d7
1D 6B 04 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 45 n d1…dn
1D 6B 05 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 46 n d1…dn
1D 6B 06 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 47 n d1…dn
1D 6B 48 n d1…dn
1D 6B 49 n d1…dn
1D 6B 80 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5
n6 d1…dn
1D 6B 15 d1…d9 00
1D 6B 16 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 82 n d1…dn
1D 6B 17 d1…dn 00
1D 6B 83 n d1…dn
1D 6B 84 n1 n2
Page
46
46
46
47
47
47
48
48
48
49
49
49
50
50
50
51
51
51
52
52
53
Data Control
Code
CAN
Function
Cancel print data
Barcodes
Code
GS h n
GS w n
GS H n
GS f n
GS k 0 d1…d11 NUL
GS k 65 11 d1...d11
GS k 1 d1…d6 NUL
GS k 66 6 d1…d6
GS k 2 d1…d12 NUL
GS k 67 12 d1…d12
GS k 3 d1…d7 NUL
GS k 68 7 d1…d7
GS k 4 d1…dn NUL
GS k 69 n d1…dn
GS k 5 d1…dn NUL
GS k 70 n d1...dn
GS k 6 d1…dn NUL
GS k 71 n d1…dn
GS k 72 d1…dn
GS k 73 n d1…dn
GS k 128 n1 n2 n3 n4
n5 n6 d1…dn
GS k 21 d1…d9 NUL
GS k 22 d1…dn NUL
GS k 130 n d1…dn
GS k 23 d1…dn NUL
GS k 131 n d1…dn
GS k 132 n1 n2
Function
Set bar code height
Set bar code width
Select printing position of HRI characters
Select font for HRI characters
Prints an UPC-A barcode
Prints an UPC-A barcode
Prints an UPC-E barcode
Prints an UPC-E barcode
Prints an EAN-13 barcode
Prints an EAN-13 barcode
Prints an EAN-8 barcode
Prints an EAN-8 barcode
Prints a CODE 39 barcode
Prints a CODE 39 barcode
Prints an ITF barcode
Prints an ITF barcode
Prints a CODABAR barcode
Prints a CODABAR barcode
Prints a CODE 93 barcode
Prints a CODE 128 barcode
Prints a PDF-417 barcode
Prints an ISBN barcode
Prints a MSI barcode
Prints a MSI barcode
Prints a PLESSEY barcode
Prints a PLESSEY barcode
Programs barcode’s left margin
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
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54
54
54
55
55
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Bit images and graphics
Code
ESC * ! n1 n2 b1...bn
Function
24-bit graphics
FS p n m
FS q n [xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]n
GS / m
GS * x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
GS v 0 m xL xH yL yH
d1...dk
Print NV bit image
Define NV bit image
Print downloaded bit image
Define downloaded bit image
Print Raster Bitmap
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
Format hexadecimal
1B 2A 21 n1 n2 b1 ...
bn
1C 70 n m
1C 71 n [xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH
d1...dk]n
1D 2F m
1D 2A x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
1D 76 30 m xL xH yL yH
d1...dk
Page
35
36
37
38
38
39
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3. ESC/Bema Commands
3.1 Operation Commands
The following section details each of the commands presented in the Command Table,
ESC/Bema section.
GS F9h 5 00h
[Function]
Select ESC/Bema operation mode.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1D F9 35 00
29 249 53 0
GS F9h 5 00h
[Description] Tells printer to interpret ESC/Bema commands from now.
[Notes]
● This command saves data on printer flash memory and therefore is
slow, which may affect printer performance and funcionality if mixed with
other faster commands. Please, use with caution.
● When ESC/Bema mode is enabled and a DB25 serial interface is
connected, the printer will automatically change its flow control to
RTS/CTS.
GS F9h 20h 30h
[Function]
Select ESC/Bema temporary operation mode.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1D F9 20 30
29 249 32 48
[Description]
Tells printer to interpret ESC/Bema commands from now.
[Notes]
● This command doesn’t writes anything on flash memory, so it can be
used anyway.
● When ESC/Bema mode is enabled and a DB25 serial interface is
connected, the printer will automatically change its flow control to
RTS/CTS.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
GS F9h 20h 30h
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MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
GS F9h 1Fh 31h
[Function]
Return to previous set of commands configured before temporary setting.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1D F9 1F 31
29 249 31 49
[Description]
Tells printer to interpret the command set that was configured before an
temporary set has been done.
GS F9h 1Fh 31h
ESC @
[Function]
Initializes the MP-4000 TH printer.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1B 40
27 64
[Description]
All settings, including character font, line spacing, left margin, right
margin, intensity and inverted mode are canceled.
ESC @
ESC b n
[Function]
Select sensor to signalize.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1B 62 n
27 98
[Range]
[Default]
n = 0, 1, 48, 49
n=0
[Description]
When n = 1 (or n = 49), PE signal reflects drawer sensor. When n = 0 (or
n = 48), PE signal reflects paper sensor.
[Notes]
PE is a signal from the parallel interface.
ESC b n
ESC v n
[Function]
Activate drawer.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1B 76 n
27 118 n
[Description]
Activate drawer pin for n milliseconds (-50ms < n < 200ms).
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
ESC v n
15
MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
ESC w
[Function]
Performs a full paper cut.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1B 77
27 119
[Description]
This command operates the auto cutter, performing a full cut in the
paper.
[Notes]
When presenter is activated there is a minimum receipt size (roughly 3.3
inches) to avoid paper jam inside the presenter. If the receipt size is less
than the minimum, the full cut command will automatically add line feeds
to perform the cut.
ESC w
ESC m
[Function]
Performs a partial paper cut.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1B 6D
27 109
[Description]
This command operates the auto cutter, performing a partial cut in the
paper.
[Notes]
This command is available only if presenter is not activated.
ESC m
ESC y n
[Function]
Enable / disable panel keys.
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1B 79 n
27 121 n
[Range]
[Default]
n = 0,1
n=1
[Description]
Enables or disables the panel key.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), the panel key is disabled.
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), the panel key is enabled.
9
When the panel key is disabled, no button on the panel is usable.
[Notes]
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
ESC y n
16
MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
ESC x
[Function]
Enable Dump Mode.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC x
Hexadecimal
1B 78
Decimal
27 120
[Description]
Enables dump mode. In this mode advanced users and programmers
can identify communication problems between the host and the printer
or check if a certain programmed data is correctly being sent to the
printer, thus being a debugging tool.
[Note]
The dump mode is disabled just resetting the printer.
ESC z n
[Function]
Enable / disable automatic line feed.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC z n
Hexadecimal
1B 7A n
Decimal
27 122 n
[Description]
Enables automatic line feed.
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), the automatic line feed is enabled.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), the automatic line feed is disabled.
[Notes]
If automatic line feed is enabled, the printer will perform a LF if a CR is
received.
ESC ( A pL pH fn n1 n2 vol
[Function]
Activate/deactivate buzzer.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC ( A pL pH fn n1 n2 vol
Hexadecimal
1B 28 41 pL pH fn n1 n2 vol
Decimal
27 40 65 pL pH fn n1 n2 vol
[Description]
Activate or deactivate printer buzzer.
(pL + pH × 256) = 4, i.e., pL must be 4 and pH must be 0.
fn = 1, 31h – activate buzzer
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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Programmer’s Manual
fn = 0, 30h – deactivate buzzer
n = (n1 + n2 × 256) – time in milliseconds
vol = 0, 30h – low volume
vol = 1, 31h – high volume
GS F9h - n
[Function]
Set printer priority.
[Format]
ASCII
GS F9h - n
Hexadecimal
1D F9 2D n
Decimal
29 249 45 n
[Description]
Set printer priority to high quality or high speed.
n = 1, 31h – high quality
n = 0, 30h – high speed
GS F9h ! n
[Function]
Set paper width.
[Format]
ASCII
GS F9h ! n
Hexadecimal
1D F9 21 n
Decimal
29 249 33 n
[Description]
Set printer paper width as shown on following table:
n
paper width (mm)
printing width (mm)
00h
58
48
01h
76
72
02h
80
72
03h
80
76
04h
82.5
72
05h
82.5
76
06h
82.5
80
07h
76
64
08h
80
64
09h
82.5
64
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
[Description]
Programmer’s Manual
This command has no effect when ESC/POS mode is enabled.
ESC/POS mode fixes paper/printing width to 80 mm / 76 mm.
GS F9h , n
[Function]
Enable/disable paper near end sensor.
[Format]
ASCII
GS F9h , n
Hexadecimal
1D F9 2C n
Decimal
29 249 44 n
[Description]
Enable or disable paper near end sensor (PNES).
n = 1, 31h – enable PNES
n = 0, 30h – disable PNES
GS F9h + n
[Function]
Set and save printing intensity.
[Format]
ASCII
GS F9h + n
Hexadecimal
1D F9 2B n
Decimal
29 249 43 n
[Description]
Set and save printing intensity on flash memory.
n may vary from 0 (00h, 30h) to 4 (04h, 34h), meaning weakest to
strongest printing respectively.
GS FAh n
[Function]
[Format]
[Description]
Set printer language.
ASCII
GS FAh n
Hexadecimal
1D FA n
Decimal
29 250 n
Set printer language.
n = 0, 30h – english
n = 1, 31h – portuguese
n = 2, 32h - spanish
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
19
MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
GS F9h “ 0
[Function]
Get printer log.
[Format]
ASCII
GS F9h “ 0
Hexadecimal
1D F9 22 30
Decimal
29 249 34 48
[Description]
Tells the printer to send its log.
[Note]
This command doesn’t work with parallel port in SPP mode.
GS F9h ‘ n
[Function]
[Format]
[Description]
n
0, 30h
1, 31h
2, 32h
3, 33h
4, 34h
5, 35h
Get printer information.
ASCII
GS F9h ‘ n
Hexadecimal
1D F9 27 n
Decimal
29 249 39 n
Get printer information as shown on following table:
Information
Product code
Serial number
Manufacturing date
Firmware version
Reserved
Manufacturing timestamp (dd/mm/yyyy hh:mm:ss format)
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Programmer’s Manual
GS F9h ( 0
[Function]
[Format]
[Description]
Load default user configuration.
ASCII
GS F9h ( 0
Hexadecimal
1D F9 28 30
Decimal
29 249 40 48
Reload all configurations from flash memory.
GS F9h ) 0
[Function]
[Format]
[Description]
Print user configuration.
ASCII
GS F9h ( 0
Hexadecimal
1D F9 29 30
Decimal
29 249 41 48
Print user configuration.
GS F7h BS NUL ! i1...i4 s1..s4
[Function]
[Format]
[Description]
[Example]
Set IP address and subnet mask.
ASCII
GS F7h BS NUL ! i1...i4 s1..s4
Hexadecimal
1D F7 08 00 21 i1...i4 s1..s4
Decimal
29 247 08 00 33 i1...i4 s1..s4
Set IP address and subnet mask on hexadecimal format without
points.
IP 10.1.1.250 and SUBNET 255.0.0.0 must be sent as 0Ah 01h 01h
FAh FFh 00h 00h 00h
GS F9h * n
[Function]
[Format]
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Set USB address.
ASCII
GS F9h * n
1D F9 2A n
29 249 42 n
Set USB address to allow the use of more than one printer on same
computer.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
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MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
3.2 Vertical positioning
ESC C n
[Function]
Set page size in lines.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC C n
Hexadecimal
1B 43 n
Decimal
27 67 n
[Range]
0 < n < 256
[Default]
n = 12
[Description]
Sets the page size where n is the number of lines (single height).
ESC c n1 n2
[Function]
Set page size in millimeters.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC c n1 n2
Hexadecimal
1B 63 n1 n2
Decimal
27 99 n1 n2
[Range]
0 < n1 < 256; 0 < n2 < 256
[Description]
Sets the page size in millimeters where size is 0,125mm*n1 *n2.
ESC J n
[Function]
Performs a fine line feed.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC J n
Hexadecimal
1B 4A n
Decimal
27 74 n
[Range]
0 < n < 256
[Description]
Performs the feeding of n*0,125mm of paper.
[Notes]
This command is very useful in the graphic mode.
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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Programmer’s Manual
FF
[Function]
Feeds one page.
[Format]
ASCII
FF
Hexadecimal
0C
Decimal
12
[Description]
Performs a form feed to the top of the form.
[Notes]
The form feed command can be disabled. Set the page size to zero.
LF
[Function]
Feeds one line.
[Format]
ASCII
LF
Hexadecimal
0A
Decimal
10
[Description]
Prints the contents of the buffer (if exists) and performs one line feed
using the default line spacing.
[Notes]
The next character print position is on the left margin of the next line.
ESC 2
[Function]
Line feed of 1/6”.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC 2
Hexadecimal
1B 32
Decimal
27 50
[Description]
Sets the line feed of 1/6 inch. The line feed rate per line is specified by
1/6 inch.
[Notes]
This is the default value when printer performed a reset or ESC @ was
received.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
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MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
ESC 3 n
[Function]
Line feed of n/144 inch.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC 3 n
Hexadecimal
1B 33 n
Decimal
27 51 n
[Range]
16 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] The line feed rate per line is specified by n/144 inch.
[Notes]
This command takes effect immediately.
ESC f 1 n
[Function]
Vertical skipping
[Format]
ASCII
ESC f 1 n
Hexadecimal
1B 66 31 n
Decimal
27 102 49 n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description]
Performs a vertical skipping of n characters.
[Notes]
The command 1Bh 66h 01h n has the same effect.
ESC A n
[Function]
Feeding paper n * 0,375mm.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC A n
Hexadecimal
1B 41 n
Decimal
27 65 n
[Range]
0 < n < 256
[Description] Performs the feeding of n * 0,375mm.
[Notes]
If n < 17, the line feed will be equal to zero. For n > 100, the line feed
will be equal to 32mm. For other values, the line feed is equal to
n*0,375mm.
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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Programmer’s Manual
3.3 Horizontal positioning
ESC f 0 n
[Function]
Horizontal skipping
[Format]
ASCII
ESC f 0 n
Hexadecimal
1B 66 30 n
Decimal
27 102 48 n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description]
Performs a horizontal skipping of n characters.
[Notes]
The command 1B 66 00 n has the same effect.
ESC Q n
[Function]
Set right margin.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC Q n
Hexadecimal
1B 51 n
Decimal
27 81 n
[Range]
0 < n < 256
[Description]
Sets right margin in characters from the default left margin.
[Notes]
If the right margin is set to the left of the current horizontal position, the
new margin becomes valid in the next line.
ESC I n
[Function]
Set left margin.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC I n
Hexadecimal
1B 6C n
Decimal
27 108 n
[Range]
0 < n < 256
[Description]
Sets left margin in characters from the default left margin.
[Notes]
If the left margin is set to the right of the current horizontal position, the
new margin becomes valid in the next line.
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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Programmer’s Manual
ESC a n
[Function]
Aligning the characters
[Format]
ASCII
ESC a n
Hexadecimal
1B 61 n
Decimal
27 97 n
[Range]
n = 0, 1
[Default]
n=0
[Description]
This command sets the horizontal justification.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), align is left justified.
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), align is center justified.
[Notes]
The power on default is left justified.
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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MP-4000 TH POS Printer Rev.1.4
Programmer’s Manual
3.4 Character Types
ESC - n
[Function]
Enable / disable underlined print mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC - n
Hexadecimal
1B 2D n
Decimal
27 45 n
[Range]
n = 0,1
[Default]
n=0
[Description]
Enables or disables the underlined print mode.
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), underlined mode is enabled.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), underlined mode is disabled.
[Notes]
All subsequent text and spaces are underlined.
ESC 4
[Function]
Enable italic print mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC 4
Hexadecimal
1B 34
Decimal
27 52
[Description]
Enables italic print mode.
[Notes]
Italic is available in all print modes.
ESC 5
[Function]
Disable italic print mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC 5
Hexadecimal
1B 35
Decimal
27 53
[Description]
Disables italic print mode.
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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Programmer’s Manual
ESC E
[Function]
Enable emphasized print mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC E
Hexadecimal
1B 45
Decimal
27 69
[Description]
Enables emphasized print mode.
[Notes]
Emphasized print is bolder than normal print. Emphasized print is
available in all print modes.
ESC F
[Function]
Disable emphasized print mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC F
Hexadecimal
1B 46
Decimal
27 70
[Description]
Disables emphasized print mode.
ESC t n
[Function]
Selects code page
[Format]
ASCII
ESC t n
Hexadecimal
1B 74 n
Decimal
27 116 n
[Range]
n = 2, 3, 4, 5
[Default]
n=2
[Description]
Selects character code page.
9 When n is 2 (02h or 32h), CODEPAGE 850 is selected.
9 When n is 3 (03h or 33h), CODEPAGE 437 is selected.
9 When n is 4 (04h or 34h), CODEPAGE 860 is selected.
9 When n is 5 (05h or 35h), CODEPAGE 858 is selected.
[Notes]
CODEPAGE 850 is the default character code page.
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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Programmer’s Manual
ESC S n
[Function]
Enable superscript and / or subscript
[Format]
ASCII
ESC S n
Hexadecimal
1B 53 n
Decimal
27 83 n
[Range]
n = 0, 1
[Description]
Enables superscript character and or subscript.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), the superscript is enabled. The
following characters are printed on the upper side of the print
line.
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), the subscript is enabled. The
following characters are printed on the bottom side of the print
line.
ESC T
[Function]
Disable superscript and subscript modes
[Format]
ASCII
ESC T
Hexadecimal
1B 54
Decimal
27 84
[Description]
Disables both superscript and subscript print modes.
ESC N n
[Function]
Select Intensity Mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC N n
Hexadecimal
1B 4E n
Decimal
27 78 n
[Range]
n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
[Default]
n=2
[Description]
Selects intensity mode.
9 When n is 0 (30h), the intensity selected is VERY WEAK.
9 When n is 1 (31h), the intensity selected is WEAK.
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9 When n is 2 (32h), the intensity selected is NORMAL.
9 When n is 3 (33h), the intensity selected is STRONG.
9 When n is 4 (34h), the intensity selected is VERY STRONG.
ESC ! n
[Function]
Select print mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC ! n
Hexadecimal
1B 21 n
Decimal
27 33 n
[Description]
Selects the print mode depending on byte n as shown in the table
below:
Bit
Value
Function
0
1
0
Undefined
1
Undefined
2
Undefined
3
Emphasized
Canceled
Specified
4
Double height
Canceled
Specified
5
Double width
Canceled
Specified
6
Undefined
7
Underlined
Canceled
Specified
ESC } n
[Function]
[Format]
[Range]
[Default]
[Description]
Enable / Disable Inverted mode
ASCII
ESC } n
Hexadecimal
1B 7D n
Decimal
27 125 n
n = 0, 1
n=0
Enables or disables inverted mode.
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), the inverted mode is enabled.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), the inverted mode is disabled.
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Firmware Release: 1.5
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Programmer’s Manual
3.5 Print width, character width and height
DC2
[Function]
Disable condensed mode
[Format]
ASCII
DC2
Hexadecimal
12
Decimal
18
[Description]
Disables the condensed mod set by the ESC SI or SI command.
DC4
[Function]
Disable on-line expanded print
[Format]
ASCII
DC4
Hexadecimal
14
Decimal
20
[Description]
Disables the on-line expanded print set by ESC SO or SO command.
ESC d n
[Function]
Enable / Disable double height print mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC d n
Hexadecimal
1b 64 n
Decimal
27 100 n
[Range]
n = 0, 1
[Default]
n=0
[Description]
Enables or disables double height print mode.
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), the double height is enabled.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), the double height is disabled.
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ESC H
[Function]
Set default column per line
[Format]
ASCII
ESC H
Hexadecimal
1B 48
Decimal
27 72
[Description]
Set the default cpl. All characters type can be set in this mode. See
table 1 to know the number of cpl, according to your printer model.
ESC P
[Function]
Set default column per line
[Format]
ASCII
ESC P
Hexadecimal
1B 50
Decimal
27 80
[Description]
This command set the default cpl. All characters type can be set in this
mode. See table 1 to know the number of cpl, according to your printer
model. It is a copy of ESC H.
ESC SI
[Function]
Set condensed mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC SI
Hexadecimal
1B 0F
Decimal
27 15
[Description]
This command set the ESC SI cpl. All characters type can be set in
this mode. See table 1 to know the number of cpl, according to your
printer model.
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ESC SO
[Function]
Set on-line expanded mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC SO
Hexadecimal
1B 0E
Decimal
27 14
[Description]
If this command is received in the beginning of the line, expanded is
valid for all line. If already exist some characters in the line, next
characters in this line (if any) will be in expanded mode. Next lines will
be in normal mode.
ESC V
[Function]
Set on-line double height mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC V
Hexadecimal
1B 56
Decimal
27 86
[Description]
If this command is received in the beginning of the line, double height
is valid for all line. If already exist some characters in the line, next
characters in this line (if any) will be in double height mode. Next lines
will be in normal mode.
ESC W n
[Function]
Enable / Disable expanded mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC W n
Hexadecimal
1B 57n
Decimal
27 87 n
[Description]
Set expanded mode (double width).
9 When n is 1 (01h or 31h), the expanded mode is enabled.
9 When n is 0 (00h or 30h), the expanded mode is disabled.
[Notes]
This command can be sent at any time, even in the middle of the line.
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SI
[Function]
Set condensed mode
[Format]
ASCII
SI
Hexadecimal
0F
Decimal
15
[Description]
This command set the ESC SI cpl. All characters type can be set in
this mode. See table 1 to know the number of cpl, according to your
printer model. It is a copy of ESC SI command.
SO
[Function]
Set on-line expanded mode
[Format]
ASCII
SO
Hexadecimal
0E
Decimal
14
[Description]
If this command is received in the beginning of the line, expanded is
valid for all line. If already exist some characters in the line, next
characters in this line (if any) will be in expanded mode. Next lines will
be in normal mode. It is a copy of ESC SO command.
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3.6 Bit images and graphics
3.6.1 24-bit graphics
1st bit-column
{
byte{
byte {
8th bit-column
1st byte
2nd
3rd
MSB (bit 7)
LSB (bit 0)
For this 24-bit graphic pattern
we have eight bit-columns, each with
a height of 3 bytes (24 bits). The
printer must, after the command is
stated, receive the 1st , 2nd and 3rd
bytes of the first bit-column, than the
1st , 2nd and 3rd bytes of the second
bit-column and so on, until the last bit-
The command sequence to print this graphic pattern would be (numbers in
decimal):
ESC * ! 8 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 4 4 4 8 8 8 16 16 16 32 32 32 64 64 64 128 128 128
Where you have 8 + 0 * 256 = 8 bit-columns to be filled, each with 3 bytes that will
give us a total of 24 bytes to be sent (excluding the command sequence).
3.6.2 8-bit graphics
1st bit-column
8th bit-column
{
1 byte
MSB (bit 7)
LSB (bit 0)
For this 8-bit graphic pattern
we have eight bit-columns, each with
a height of 1 byte (8 bits). The printer
must, after the command is stated,
receive the byte for the first bitcolumn, than the byte for the second
bit-column and so on, until the last bitcolumn is filled. The resolution is
lower but needs less bytes to be sent
The command sequence to print this graphic pattern would be (numbers in
decimal):
ESC K 8 0 1 2 4 8 16 32 64 128
Where you have 8 + 0 * 256 = 8 bit-columns to be filled, each with 1 byte that will
give us a total of 8 bytes to be sent (excluding the command sequence).
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ESC $ n1 n2
[Function]
Fill in blank bit columns
[Format]
ASCII
ESC $ n1 n2
Hexadecimal
1B 24 n1 n2
Decimal
27 36 n1 n2
[Description]
This command fills in blank bit columns, from the actual column until
column number (n1+n2*256), where n1+n2*256<= N. See ‘N’ value in
the table 2.
ESC * ! n1 n2 b1...bn
[Function]
24-bit graphics
[Format]
ASCII
ESC * ! n1 n2 b1...bn
Hexadecimal
1B 2A 21 n1 n2 b1 ... bn
Decimal
27 42 33 n1 n2 b1 … bn
[Description]
This command programs bit image for 24 bits, in double density where
n1+n2*256 is the number of bit-columns that will be sent (see Bit
images and graphics) and b1...bn are the bytes that compose the bit
image. For each column one may need 3 bytes to complete. So, if you
need to send an image with an 8-column width you may send 24 bytes
to fill those columns. A full line has ‘N’ bit columns so a full line will
need N*3 bytes. If the image you want to print has less than ‘N’
graphic columns, a LF must be sent to complete line printing. Text and
graphic can be mixed in the same line. If the printer is used with
pograms that convert text to graphics, the printer is slower than if the
printer is sent ASCII text. See N value in the Table 2.
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ESC K n1 n2 b1...bn
[Function]
8-bit graphics
[Format]
ASCII
ESC K n1 n2 b1...bn
Hexadecimal
1B 4B n1 n2 b1 ... bn
Decimal
27 75 n1 n2 b1 … bn
[Description]
Selects the “8 pin” bit image (compatible with matrix printers) where
you use n1+n2*256 columns, with 1 byte per column thus using a
lower resolution and up to ‘N’ columns. If the image you want to print
has less than ‘N’ graphic columns, a LF must be sent to complete line
printing. Text and graphic can be mixed in the same line. See ‘N’ value
in the Table 2.
FS p n m
[Function]
Print NV bit image.
[Format]
ASCII
FS p n m
Hexadecimal
1C 70 n m
Decimal
28 112 n m
[Description]
Prints a NV bit image n using the mode specified by m.
m
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Mode
Normal
Double-width
Double-height
Quadruple
Vertical Dot Density
180 dpi
180 dpi
90 dpi
90 dpi
Horizontal Dot Density
180 dpi
90 dpi
180 dpi
90 dpi
[dpi: dots per 25.4 mm {1"}]
• n is the number of the NV bit image (defined using the FS q
command).
• m specifies the bit image mode.
• NV bit image means a bit image which is defined in a non-volatile
memory by FS q and printed by FS p.
• This command is not effective when the specified NV bit image has
not been defined.
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FS q n [xL xH yL yH d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH d1...dk]n
[Function]
Define NV bit image.
[Format]
ASCII
FS q n [xL xH yL yH d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH d1...dk]n
Hexadecimal 1C 70 n [xL xH yL yH d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH d1...dk]n
Decimal
28 112 n [xL xH yL yH d1...dk]1...[xL xH yL yH d1...dk]n
[Range] 1 ≤ n ≤ 255
0 ≤ xL ≤ 255
0 ≤ xH ≤ 3 (when 1 ≤ (xL + xH × 256) ≤ 1023)
0 ≤ yL ≤ 255
0 ≤ yL ≤ 1 (when 1 ≤ (yL + yH × 256) ≤ 288)
0 ≤ d ≤ 255
k = (xL + xH × 256) × (yL + yH × 256) × 8
Total defined data area = 2M bits (256K bytes).
[Description] Define n NV bit images that are stored on non-volatile memory.
• n specifies the number of defined NV bit images.
• xL, xH specifies (xL + xH × 256) × 8 dots in the horizontal direction for the NV
bit image you are defining.
• yL, yH specifies (yL + yH × 256) × 8 dots in the vertical direction for the NV bit
image you are defining.
• This command cancels all NV bit images that have already been defined by
this command.
The printer can not redefine only one of several data definitions previously
defined. In this case, all data needs to be sent again.
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GS / m
[Function]
Print downloaded bit image.
[Format]
ASCII
GS / m
Hexadecimal
1D 2F m
Decimal
29 47 m
[Description]
Prints a downloaded bit image using the mode specified by m.
m
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Mode
Normal
Double-width
Double-height
Quadruple
Vertical Dot Density
180 dpi
180 dpi
90 dpi
90 dpi
Horizontal Dot Density
180 dpi
90 dpi
180 dpi
90 dpi
[dpi: dots per 25.4 mm {1"}]
• m specifies the bit image mode.
• This command is ignored if a downloaded bit image has not been
defined.
GS * x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
[Function]
Define downloaded bit image.
[Format]
ASCII
GS * x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
Hexadecimal 1D 2A x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
Decimal
29 42 x y d1...d(x × y × 8)
[Range] 1 ≤ x ≤ 255
1 ≤ y ≤ 64
x × y ≤ 2048
0 ≤ d ≤ 255
Total defined data area = 16K bytes.
[Description] Defines a downloaded bit image using the number of dots specified.
• x specifies the number of dots in the horizontal direction.
• y specifies the number of dots in the vertical direction.
• The number of dots in the horizontal direction is x × 8, in the vertical
direction it is y × 8.
• The downloaded bit image definition is cleared when:
ESC @ is executed.
FS q is executed.
Printer is reset or the power is turned off.
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• The following figure shows the relationship between the downloaded bit
image and the printed data:
GS v 0 m xL xH yL yH d1...dk
[Function]
Print raster bitmap.
[Format]
ASCII
GS v 0 m xL xH yL yH d1...dk
Hexadecimal 1D 76 30 m xL xH yL yH d1...dk
Decimal
29 118 48 m xL xH yL yH d1...dk
[Range]
0 ≤ m ≤ 3, 48 ≤ m ≤ 51
0 ≤ xL ≤ 255
0 ≤ xH ≤ 255
0 ≤ yL ≤ 255
0 ≤ yH ≤ 8
0 ≤ d ≤255
k = (xL + xH × 256) × (yL + yH × 256) (k ≠ 0)
[Description] Print raster bitmap using the mode defined by m:
m
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Mode
Normal
Double-width
Double-height
Quadruple
Vertical Dot Density
180 dpi
180 dpi
90 dpi
90 dpi
Horizontal Dot Density
180 dpi
90 dpi
180 dpi
90 dpi
[dpi: dots per 25.4 mm {1"}]
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• xL, xH, select the number of data bytes (xL+xH×256) in the horizontal
direction for the bit image.
• yL, yH, select the number of data bytes (yL+yH×256) in the vertical
direction for the bit image.
• Data outside the printing area is read in and discarded on a dot-by-dot
basis.
• The position at which subsequent characters are to be printed for raster bit
image is specified by HT (Horizontal Tab), ESC $ (Set absolute print
position), ESC \ ( Set relative print position), and GS L (Set left margin ). If
the position at which subsequent characters are to be printed is not a
multiple of 8, print speed may decline.
• The ESC a (Select justification) setting is also effective on raster bit images.
• d indicates the bit-image data. Set time a bit to 1 prints a dot and setting it
to 0 does not print a dot.
[Example]
When printing 640 dots, xL+xH×256 must be 80, as illustrated on following
figure:
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3.7 Communication
ENQ
[Function]
Serial communication status enquiry
[Format]
ASCII
ENQ
Hexadecimal
05
Decimal
05
[Description]
After this command is issued, the printer returns a status by the serial
RS-232 communication port, defined below.
3.7.1 Serial interface status byte
The serial interface status byte is composed of 8 bits – 7 through 0 – the most
significant bit is Bit 7 and the least significant bit is Bit 0.
Status bit number
0
1
2*
3
4
5
6–7
Logic “0”
Logic “1”
Printer Off Line
Printer On Line
Replicates Drawer status
Drawer pin low
Drawer pin high
Print head raised
Print head down
Paper Full
Paper Near End
Command not executed
Command executed
Not used (will always be logic “0”)
* Refer to your drawer’s manual to know what this levels mean.
GS ° 1
[Function]
Serial / USB communication advanced status
[Format]
ASCII
GS ° 1
Hexadecimal
1D F8 31
Decimal
29 248 49
[Description]
After this command is issued, the printer returns a status by the serial
RS-232 communication port, defined below.
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3.7.2 Serial / USB / EPP interface advanced status bytes
The serial/USB/EPP interface status bytes is composed of 8 bits – 7 through 0 – the
most significant bit is Bit 7 and the least significant bit is Bit 0.
1) Printer Status
7
1
6
5
4
3
2
1
Buffer
Wait
On / Off
Overrun
0
status
line
Error
Bit 2: Overrun Error – indicates when data sent to printer will be losted.
0 - data received will be printed
1 - data received will be lost
0
0
Bit 3: On / Off line – indicates when printer is operational (on-line) or not.
0 - on-line
1 - off-line
Bit 4: Wait – indicates when printer is busy or not.
0 – printer is busy and printing
1 – printer has printed all buffer and is waiting for commands
Bit 6 & 5: Buffer status – details the status of the printer buffer.
00 - buffer empty
01 - buffer less 1/3 full
10 - buffer more 1/3 full
11 - buffer more 3/4 full
2) Off-line Status
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Paper
Paper
Drawer
Cover
Error
near end
1
0
No paper
sensor
status
status
Reported
sensor
Bit 1: Paper near end sensor – informs the status of the paper near end sensor.
0 – there’s paper for printing
1 - there’s few paper for printing
Bit 2: Paper sensor – informs the status of the paper sensor.
0 – there’s paper on sensor
1 – there’s no paper on sensor
Bit 4: Drawer status – indicates status for drawer sensor.
0 – drawer sensor is indicating low level (logical 0)
1 – drawer sensor is indicating high level (logical 1)
Bit 5: No paper – indicates if there is available paper for printing.
0 – there’s paper available
1 – no paper is available
Bit 6: Error Reported – informs if an error was reported on Error Status.
0 – no error reported
1 – there’s error reported
Bit 7: Cover status – tells about the printer paper cover.
0 – cover is open
1 – cover is closed
3) Error Status
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Non
Recoverable
Cutter
Cutter
0
1
recoverable
1
error
error
presence
error
Bit 2: Cutter presence – indicates the presence of a cutter on printer.
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0 - cutter present
1 - cutter absent
Bit 3: Cutter error
0 – no cutter error
1 - cutter error
Bit 5: 0 - without non-recoverable error
1 - an non-recoverable error occurred
Bit 6: 0 - without recoverable error
1 - an recoverable error occurred
4) Continuous Paper Sensor Status
Head
0
temperature
Bit 2: Head temperature – informs about the printer head temperature
0 - normal temperature
1 - temperature above the normal
1
0
0
1
0
1
5) Firmware Version
0
Major firmware version digit
Minor firmware version digit
It is not necessary to send any command to the printer to receive the status using
the parallel interface. The parallel interface provides status using hardware pins as shown
below.
3.7.3 Standard parallel interface status byte
The table below shows the printer statuses obtained through the standard parallel
interface, with the printer configured for ESC/Bema commands:
Parallel Interface Status Byte
/BUSY
1
0
1
0
/ACK
1
1
1
1
PE
0
1
1
1
SEL
1
0
1
1
/ERROR
1
0
1
0
U
x
x
x
x
U
x
x
x
x
U
x
x
x
x
HEX
D8h
60h
F8h
70h
Description
Online
Paper end
Paper near end
Head up
The table below shows the printer statuses obtained through the standard parallel
interface, with the printer configured for ESC/POSTM commands:
Parallel Interface Status Byte
/BUSY
1
0
1
0
/ACK
1
1
1
1
PE
0
1
1
0
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SEL
1
1
1
1
/ERROR
1
0
0
1
U
x
x
x
x
U
x
x
x
x
U
x
x
x
x
HEX
D8h
70h
F0h
58h
Description
Online
Paper end
Paper near end
Head up
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ETX
[Function]
End buffer
[Format]
ASCII
ETX
Hexadecimal
03
Decimal
03
[Description]
The printer will be BUSY while the printing is performed, changing
status only when the buffer is empty. On serial interfaces DTR (RTS)
will be low while the printing is performed.
STX
[Function]
Clear buffer
[Format]
ASCII
STX
Hexadecimal
02
Decimal
02
[Description]
This commands clears the print buffer and any un-printed information
in the printer receive before it. This command does not restore default
conditions.
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3.8 Data Control
CAN
[Function]
Cancel last line
[Format]
ASCII
CAN
Hexadecimal
18
Decimal
24
[Description]
This commands clears the last line sent to the printer. All other data is
stored.
DEL
[Function]
Cancel last character
[Format]
ASCII
DEL
Hexadecimal
7F
Decimal
127
[Description]
This commands clears the last character sent to the printer. All other
data is stored.
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3.9 Barcodes
GS h n
[Function]
Sets the height n of the barcode generated
[Format]
ASCII
GS h n
Hexadecimal
1D 68 n
Decimal
29 104 n
[Description]
Each height unit corresponds to a dot of 0.125 mm, so the final height
is n x 0.125 mm where 1 ≤ n ≤ 255. The default is n=162.
GS w n
[Function]
Determines the width of the barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS w n
Hexadecimal
1D 77 n
Decimal
29 119 n
[Description]
This command changes the barcode width where n=2 correspond to
normal width, n=3 is double width and n=4 is quadruple width. The
default is n=3.
GS H n
[Function]
Choose the position of the human readable information (HRI) of the
barcode
[Format]
[Description]
ASCII
GS H n
Hexadecimal
1D 48 n
Decimal
29 72 n
n=0: No HRI
n=1: On top of the barcode (default)
n=2: On the bottom of the barcode
n=3: Both on top and on the bottom of the barcode
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GS f n
[Function]
Sets the font used to print the human readable information (HRI)
[Format]
ASCII
GS f n
Hexadecimal
1D 66 n
Decimal
29 102 n
[Description]
For a normal font (‘N’ characters per line), n=0 or n=48. For a
condensed font (‘N’ characters per line), n=1 or n=49. The default is
normal font. See N value in the Table 2.
GS k 0 d1…d11 NUL
[Function]
Prints an UPC-A barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 0 d1…d11 NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 00 d1…d11 00
Decimal
29 107 0 d1…d11 0
[Description]
d1…d11 is a sequence of 11 bytes containing the barcode information
with 48 ≤ d ≤ 57. A check sum digit will be added automatically.
GS k 65 11 d1…d11
[Function]
Prints an UPC-A barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 65 11 d1…d11
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 41 0B d1…d11
Decimal
29 107 65 11 d1…d11
[Description]
It is a copy of GS k 0 d1…d11 NUL command.
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GS k 1 d1…d6 NUL
[Function]
Prints an UPC-E barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 1 d1…d6 NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 01 d1…d6 00
Decimal
29 107 1 d1…d6 0
[Description]
d1...d6 is a sequence of 6 bytes containing the barcode information
with 48 ≤ d ≤ 57. A check sum digit will be added automatically.
GS k 66 6 d1…d6
[Function]
Prints an UPC-E barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 66 6 d1…d6
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 42 06 d1…d6
Decimal
29 107 66 6 d1…d6
[Description]
It is a copy of GS k 1 d1…d6 NUL command.
GS k 2 d1…d12 NUL
[Function]
Prints an EAN-13 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 2 d1…d12 NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 02 d1…d12 00
Decimal
29 107 2 d1…d12 0
[Description]
d1...d12 is a sequence of 12 bytes containing the barcode information
with 48 ≤ d ≤ 57. The printer generates automatically the 13th digit.
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GS k 67 12 d1…d12
[Function]
Prints an EAN-13 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 67 12 d1…d12
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 43 0C d1…d12
Decimal
29 107 67 12 d1…d12
[Description]
It is a cop of command GS k 2 d1…d12 NUL.
GS k 3 d1…d7 NUL
[Function]
Prints an EAN-8 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 3 d1…d7 NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 03 d1…d7 00
Decimal
29 107 3 d1…d7 0
[Description]
d1…d7 is a sequence of 7 bytes containing the barcode information
with 48 ≤ d ≤ 57. The printer generates automatically the 8th digit.
GS k 68 7 d1…d7
[Function]
Prints an EAN-8 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 68 7 d1…d7
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 44 07 d1…d7
Decimal
29 107 68 7 d1…d7
[Description]
It is a copy of GS k 3 d1…d7 NUL command.
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GS k 4 d1…dn NUL
[Function]
Prints a CODE 39 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 4 d1…dn NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 04 d1…dn 00
Decimal
29 107 4 d1…dn 0
[Description]
d1…dn is the sequence of n bytes containing the barcode information.
The bytes that can be used in d are 32, 36, 37, 42, 43, 45 to 57 and 65
to 90 (upper case letters) or 97 to 122 (lower case letters). Lower case
and upper case letters can’t be combined in the same barcode. A
check sum digit will be added automatically. Number of digits in the
barcode limited by the print field as well as the configured barcode
width.
GS k 69 n d1…dn
[Function]
Prints a CODE 39 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 69 n d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 45 n d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 69 n d1…dn
[Description]
It is a copy of the command GS k 4 d1…dn NUL.
GS k 5 d1…dn NUL
[Function]
Prints an ITF barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 5 d1…dn NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 05 d1…dn 00
Decimal
29 107 5 d1…dn 0
[Description]
d1…dn is the sequence of n bytes containing the barcode information
with 48 ≤ d ≤ 57. Number of digits in the barcode limited by the print
field as well as the configured barcode width.
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GS k 70 n d1…dn
[Function]
Prints an ITF barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 70 n d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 46 n d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 70 n d1…dn
[Description]
It is a copy of the command GS k 5 d1…dn NUL
GS k 6 d1…dn NUL
[Function]
Prints a CODABAR barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 6 d1…dn NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 06 d1…dn 00
Decimal
29 107 6 d1…dn 0
[Description]
d1…dn is the sequence of n bytes containing the barcode information.
The bytes that can be used in d are 36, 43, 45 to 57 and 65 to 68
(upper case letters) or 97 to 100 (lower case letters). Lower case and
upper case letters can’t be combined in the same barcode. A check
sum digit will be added automatically. Number of digits in the barcode
limited by the print field as well as the configured barcode width. If the
first character is a letter, the last character must also be a letter.
Excluding these two characters (the first and the last one), any other
character can be a letter.
GS k 71 n d1…dn
[Function]
Prints a CODABAR barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 71 n d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 47 n d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 71 n d1…dn
[Description]
It is a copy of the command GS k 6 d1…dn NUL
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GS k 72 d1…dn
[Function]
Prints a CODE 93 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 72 d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 48 n d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 72 n d1…dn
[Description]
n indicates the number of bytes that will be sent and d1…dn is the
sequence of n bytes containing the barcode information. This code
can use all bytes from 0 to 127. A check sum digit will be added
automatically. Number of digits in the barcode limited by the print field
as well as the configured barcode width.
GS k 73 n d1…dn
[Function]
Prints a CODE 128 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 73 n d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 49 n d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 73 n d1…dn
[Description]
n indicates the number of bytes that will be sent and d1…dn is the
sequence of n bytes containing the barcode information. This code
can use all bytes from 0 to 127. The subset is automatically chosen by
the printer based on the data received. A check sum digit will be
added automatically. Number of digits in the barcode limited by the
print field as well as the configured barcode width.
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GS k 128 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 d1…dn
[Function]
Prints a PDF-417 barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 128 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 80 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 128 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 d1…dn
[Description]
n1 is the ECC level (from 0 to 8) (Error correction level).
n2 is the pitch height (from 1 to 8) where height=n2 x 0.125mm.
n3 is the pitch width (from 1 to 4) where width=n3 x 0.125mm.
n4 is the number of codewords per row – if n4 is 0, the maximum
number of columns allowed for the pitch width informed will be used. If
the barcode can’t fit the print width the printer automatically adjusts it
for the maximum permitted width within the line field.
n5 and n6 indicate the number of bytes that will be coded, where
total=n5 + n6 x 256, and total must be less than 900.
d1…dn is the actual sequence of bytes that will be coded.
GS k 21 d1…d9 NUL
[Function]
Prints an ISBN barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 21 d1…d9 NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 15 d1…d9 00
Decimal
29 107 21 d1…d9 0
[Description]
d1…d9 is the sequence of 9 bytes containing the barcode information.
The bytes that can be used in d are 45, 48 to 57 and 88. If hyphens
were included in the information as in the example below, they will not
be computed as a byte received. After the ninth valid digit, an hyphen
can be added followed by an “X” (58h) or any other digit (30h to 39h).
In this case there are two options:
1. Send the 00h and the barcode will be printed
2. Send space (20h) and more 5 digits (30h to 39h)
Example: 1-56592-292-X 90000
1-56592-292-1 90000
1-56592-292-X
1-56592-292-1
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GS k 22 d1…dn NUL
[Function]
Prints a MSI barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 22 d1…dn NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 16 d1…dn 00
Decimal
29 107 22 d1…dn 0
[Description]
d1…dn is the sequence of n bytes containing the barcode information.
The bytes that can be used in d are 48 to 57. The limitation of size for
this barcode is given by the print field as well as the configured bar
width. A check sum digit will be added automatically.
GS k 130 n d1…dn
[Function]
Prints a MSI barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 130 n d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 82 n d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 130 n d1…dn
[Description]
It is a copy of the command GS k 22 d1…dn NUL
GS k 23 d1…dn NUL
[Function]
Prints a PLESSEY barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 23 d1…dn NUL
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 17 d1…dn 00
Decimal
29 107 23 d1…dn 0
[Description]
d1…dn is the sequence of n bytes containing the barcode information.
The bytes that can be used in d are 48 to 57 plus 65 to 70 (upper case
letters) or 97 to 102 (lower case letters). Lower case and upper case
letters can’t be combined in the same barcode. The limitation of size
for this barcode is given by the print field as well as the configured bar
width. A check sum digit will be added automatically.
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GS k 131 n d1…dn
[Function]
Prints a PLESSEY barcode
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 131 n d1…dn
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 83 n d1…dn
Decimal
29 107 131 n d1…dn
[Description]
It is a copy of the command GS k 23 d1…dn NUL
GS k 132 n1 n2
[Function]
Programs barcode’s left margin
[Format]
ASCII
GS k 132 n1 n2
Hexadecimal
1D 6B 84 n1 n2
Decimal
29 107 132 n1 n2
[Description]
Programs the position of the barcode’s left margin position given by n1
+ n2 x 256.
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4. ESC/POS Commands
4.1 Operation Commands
The following section details each of the commands presented in the Command
Table, ESC/POS section.
GS F9h 5 01h
[Function]
Select ESC/POS operation mode.
[Format]
ASCII
GS F9h 5 01h
Hexadecimal
1D F9 35 01
Decimal
29 249 53 1
[Description]
Tells printer to interpret ESC/POS commands from now.
[Notes]
● This command saves data on printer flash memory and therefore is
slow, which may affect printer performance and funcionality if mixed
with other faster commands. Please, use with caution.
● When ESC/POS mode is enabled and a DB25 serial interface is
connected, the printer will automatically change its flow control to
DTR/DSR instead of RTS/CTS.
GS F9h 20h 31h
[Function]
Select ESC/POS temporary operation mode.
[Format]
ASCII
GS F9h 20h 31h
Hexadecimal
1D F9 20 31
Decimal
29 249 31 49
[Description]
Tells printer to interpret ESC/Bema commands from now.
[Notes]
● This command doesn’t writes anything on flash memory, so it can be
used anyway.
● When ESC/POS mode is enabled and a DB25 serial interface is
connected, the printer will automatically change its flow control to
DTR/DSR instead of RTS/CTS.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
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GS F9h 1Fh 31h
[Function]
Return to previous set of commands configured before temporary
setting.
[Format]
[Description]
ASCII
GS F9h 1Fh 31h
Hexadecimal
1D F9 1F 31
Decimal
29 249 31 49
Tells printer to interpret the command set that was configured before
an temporary set has been done.
ESC = n
[Function]
Select peripheral device.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC = n
Hexadecimal
1B 40 n
Decimal
27 64 n
[Description]
Enable/disable printer based on n value as follow:
9 When bit 0 from n is 0, printer is disabled
9 When bit 0 from n is 1, printer is enabled
9 All other bits (1 to 7) are ignored
[Default]
n=1
ESC @
[Function]
Initializes the MP-4000 TH printer.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC @
Hexadecimal
1B 40
Decimal
27 64
[Description]
All settings, including character font, line spacing, left margin, right
margin, intensity and inverted mode are canceled.
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ESC c 3 n
[Function]
Select paper sensor(s) to output paper end signals.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC c 3 n
Hexadecimal
1B 63 33 n
Decimal
27 99 51 n
[Description]
Selects the paper sensor(s) to output paper end (PE) signals. Each bit
of n is used as follows:
Bit
Off/On
0
Off
00
0
Paper roll near-end sensor disabled
On
01
1
Paper roll near-end sensor enabled
Off
00
0
Paper roll near-end sensor disabled
On
02
2
Paper roll near-end sensor enabled
Off
00
0
Paper roll end sensor disabled
On
04
4
Paper roll end sensor enabled
Off
00
0
Paper roll end sensor disabled
On
04
8
Paper roll end sensor enabled
-
-
-
Undefined
1
2
3
4-7
Hex Decimal Function
ESC c 4 n
[Function]
Select paper sensor(s) to stop printing.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC c 4 n
Hexadecimal
1B 63 34 n
Decimal
27 99 52 n
[Description]
Selects the paper sensor(s) to output paper end signals. Each bit of n
is used as follows:
Bit
Off/On
0
Off
00
0
Paper roll near end sensor disabled.
On
01
1
Paper roll near end sensor enabled.
Off
00
0
Paper roll near end sensor disabled.
On
02
2
Paper roll near end sensor enabled.
-
-
-
Undefined
1
2-7
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Firmware Release: 1.5
Hex Decimal Function
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ESC c 5 n
[Function]
Enable/disable panel buttons.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC c 5 n
Hexadecimal
1B 63 35 n
Decimal
27 99 53 n
[Description]
[Default]
Enables or disables the panel buttons:
9 When the LSB of n is 0, the panel buttons are enabled.
9 When the LSB of n is 1, the panel buttons are disabled.
n=0
ESC p m t1 t2
[Function]
Generate pulse.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC p m t1 t2
Hexadecimal
1B 70 m t1 t2
Decimal
27 112 m t1 t2
[Description]
Outputs the pulse specified by t1 and t2 to connector pin m as follows:
m
0, 48
1, 49
[Details]
Connector pin
Drawer kick-out connector pin 2.
Drawer kick-out connector pin 5.
The pulse ON time is [t1 × 2 ms] and the OFF time is [t2 × 2 ms]. If t2
< t1, the OFF time is [t1 × 2 ms].
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GS ( A pL pH n m
[Function]
Execute test print.
[Format]
ASCII
GS ( A pL pH n m
Hexadecimal
1D 28 41 pL pH n m
Decimal
29 40 65 pL pH n m
[Description]
• Executes a test print with a specified test pattern on a specified
paper.
• pL and pH specifies the number of the parameter such as n, m to (pL
+ (pH × 256)) bytes.
• n specifies the paper to be tested:
n
0, 48
1, 49, 2, 50
Paper
Basic sheet (paper roll)
Paper roll
m specifies a test pattern:
m
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
[Details]
Test pattern
Hexadecimal dump
Printer status print
Rolling pattern print
(pL + (pH × 256)) must be equal 2. Therefore, pL must be 2 and pH
must be 0.
DLE DC4 n m t
[Function]
Generate pulse at real-time.
[Format]
ASCII
DLE DC4 n m t
Hexadecimal
10 14 n m t
Decimal
16 20 n m t
[Description]
Outputs the pulse specified by t to connector pin m as follows:
m
0
1
[Details]
Connector pin
Drawer kick-out connector pin 2.
Drawer kick-out connector pin 5.
The pulse ON time is [t × 100 ms] and the OFF time is [t × 100 ms].
n must be 1.
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GS V m (n)
[Function]
Select cut mode and cut paper.
[Format]
ASCII
GS V m (n)
Hexadecimal
1D 56 m (n)
Decimal
29 86 m (n)
[Description]
Selects a mode for cutting paper and executes paper cutting. The
value of m selects the mode as follows:
m
1, 49
66
[Details]
Print mode
Partial cut (one point left uncut)
Feeds paper (cutting position + [n × (vertical motion unit)]),
and cuts the paper
When m = 1, n isn’t needed and will be treated as normal data.
ESC ( A pL pH fn n c t1 t2
[Function]
Activate buzzer.
[Format]
ASCII
ESC ( A 05 00 a d c t1 t2
Hexadecimal
1D 28 41 05 00 61 64 c t1 t2
Decimal
29 40 65 5 0 97 100 c t1 t2
[Description]
Beeps the integrated beeper.
c specifies times of beeping.
t1 specifies beeping time (t1 × 100 ms).
t2 specifies time for stop beeping (t2 × 100 ms).
[Notes]
This function repeats integrated beeper control of [(t1 × 100 ms) beep/
(t2 × 100 ms) stop] c times.
If this command is newly processed during beeping of the buzzer, the
current process for beeping the buzzer is stopped and the new
process for beeping the buzzer is started.
Integrated beeper beeping by this function stops due to any of the
following factors:
- Finish specification of c.
- Reset or power off.
ƒ
ƒ
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4.2 Vertical positioning
LF
[Function]
Print and line feed.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Prints the contents of the buffer (if exists) and performs one line feed
using the default line spacing.
[Notes]
The next character print position is on the left margin of the next line.
LF
0A
10
FF
[Function]
Print and return to standard mode.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Prints the data in the print buffer collectively and returns to standard
mode.
FF
0C
12
CR
[Function]
Print and carriage return.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
When automatic line feed is enabled, this command functions the
same as LF; when automatic line feed is disabled, this command is
ignored.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
CR
0D
13
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ESC $ nL nH
[Function]
Set absolute print position.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
• Sets the distance from the beginning of the line to the position at
which subsequent characters are to be printed.
• The distance from the beginning of the line to the print position is [(nL
+ nH × 256) × (vertical or horizontal motion unit)].
ESC $ nL nH
1B 24 nL nH
27 36 nL nH
ESC 2
[Function]
Select default line spacing.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Selects approximately 4.23 mm (1/6") spacing.
ESC 2
1B 32
27 50
ESC 3 n
[Function]
Set line spacing.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Sets the line spacing to [n × vertical or horizontal motion unit].
ESC 3 n
1B 33 n
27 51 n
ESC \ nL nH
[Function]
Set relative print position.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Sets the print starting position based on the current position by using
the horizontal or vertical motion unit. This command sets the distance
from the current position to [(nL + nH × 256) × horizontal or vertical
motion unit].
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
ESC \ nL nH
1B 5C nL nH
27 92 nL nH
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ESC d n
[Function]
Print and feed n lines.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Prints the data in the print buffer and feeds n lines.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
ESC 3 n
1B 64 n
27 100 n
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4.3 Horizontal positioning
HT
[Function]
Horizontal tab.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Moves the print position to the next horizontal tab position.
[Details]
• This command is ignored unless the next horizontal tab position has
been set.
• Horizontal tab positions are set with ESC D.
HT
09
9
ESC SP n
[Function]
Set right-side character spacing.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Sets the character spacing for the right side of the character to [n ×
horizontal or vertical motion units].
ESC SP n
1B 20 n
27 32 n
ESC D n1...nk NUL
[Function]
Sets horizontal tab positions.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Sets horizontal tab positions.
• n specifies the column number for setting a horizontal tab position
from the beginning of the line.
• k indicates the total number of horizontal tab positions to be set.
• When setting n = 8, the print position is moved to column 9 by
sending HT.
• Up to 32 tab positions (0 ≤ k ≤ 32) can be set. Data exceeding 32 tab
positions is processed as normal data.
• Transmit [n]k in ascending order and place a NUL code 0 at the end.
• ESC D NUL cancels all horizontal tab positions.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
ESC D n1...nk NUL
1B 44 n1...nk 00
27 68 n1...nk 0
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ESC a n
[Function]
Select justification.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Aligns all the data in one line to the specified position defined by n as
follows:
ESC a n
1B 61 n
27 97 n
Justification
Left justification
Centering
Right justification
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
GS L nL nH
[Function]
Set relative print position.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Sets the left margin to [(nL + nH × 256) × horizontal motion unit)]
inches.
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
GS L nL nH
1D 4C nL nH
29 76 nL nH
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4.4 Character types
ESC - n
[Function]
Turn underline mode on/off.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Turns underline mode on or off, based on the following values of n:
n
0, 48
1, 49
ESC - n
1B 2D n
27 45 n
Function
Turns off underline mode
Turns on underline mode (1-dot thick)
ESC E n
[Function]
Turn emphasized mode on/off.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Turns emphasized mode on or off.
When the LSB of n is 0, emphasized mode is turned off.
When the LSB of n is 1, emphasized mode is turned on.
ESC E n
1B 45 n
27 69 n
ESC M n
[Function]
Select character font.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Turns underline mode on or off, based on the following values of n:
n
0, 48
1, 49
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
ESC M n
1B 4D n
27 77 n
Function
Character font A (12 × 24) selected.
Character font B (9 × 17) selected.
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GS B n
[Function]
Activate/deactivate black/white reverse printing.
[Format]
ASCII
GS B n
Hexadecimal
1D 42 n
Decimal
27 66 n
Activate/deactivate black/white reverse printing mode.
• When the LSB of n is 0, white/black reverse mode is turned off.
• When the LSB of n is 1, white/black reverse mode is turned on.
Only the lowest bit of n is valid. This command doesn’t affect graphic
and bitimage commands.
[Description]
[Details]
ESC R n
[Function]
Select an international character set.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Selects a page n from the character code table:
n
0
1
ESC R n
1B 52 n
27 82 n
Page
U.S.A.
France
ESC t n
[Function]
Select character code table.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Selects a page n from the character code table:
n
0
2
3
17
19
22-aug-2007
Firmware Release: 1.5
ESC t n
1B 74 n
27 116 n
Page
PC437 [U.S.A., Standard Europe]
PC850 [Multilingual]
PC860 [Portuguese]
PC866 [Cyrillic]
PC858
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4.5. Communication
DLE EOT n
[Function]
Real-time status transmission.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Transmits the selected printer status specified by n in real-time,
according to the following table:
n
1
2
3
4
[Details]
DLE EOT n
10 04 n
16 4 n
Action
Transmit printer status
Transmit offline status
Transmit error status
Transmit paper roll sensor status
• The printer transmits the current status. Each status is represented
by one-byte data.
• The printer transmits the status without confirming whether the host
computer can receive data.
• The printer executes this command upon receiving it.
n = 1: Printer status
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5, 6
7
Off/On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
On
Off
Hex
00
02
00
04
00
08
10
00
Decimal
0
2
0
4
0
8
16
0
Function
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Not used. Fixed to On.
Drawer open/close signal is LOW (connector pin 3).
Drawer open/close signal is HIGH (connector pin 3).
Online.
Offline.
Not used. Fixed to On.
Undefined.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
n = 2: Offline status
Bit
0
1
2
Off/On
Hex
Decimal Function
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
On
02
2
Not used. Fixed to On.
Off
00
0
Cover is closed.
On
04
4
Cover is open.
3
Off
00
0
Paper is not being fed by using the FEED button.
On
08
8
Paper is being fed by the FEED button.
4
On
10
16
Not used. Fixed to On.
5
Off
00
0
No paper-end stop.
On
20
32
Printing is being stopped.
6
Off
00
0
No error.
On
40
64
Error occurs.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Bit 5: Becomes on when the paper end sensor detects paper end and printing stops.
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n = 3: Error status
Bit
0
1
2
3
Off/On
Hex
Decimal Function
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
On
02
2
Not used. Fixed to On.
–
–
–
Undefined
Off
00
0
No autocutter error.
On
08
8
Autocutter error occurs.
4
On
10
16
Not used. Fixed to On.
5
Off
00
0
No unrecoverable error.
On
20
32
Unrecoverable error occurs.
6
Off
00
0
No auto-recoverable error.
On
40
64
Auto recoverable error occurs.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Bit 3: If these errors occur due to paper jams or the like, it is possible to recover by correcting the cause of
the error and executing DLE ENQ n (1 = n = 2). If an error due to a circuit failure (e.g. wire break)
occurs, it is impossible to recover.
Bit 6: When printing is stopped due to high print head temperature until the print head temperature drops
sufficiently or when the paper roll cover is open during printing, bit 6 is On.
n = 4: Continuous paper sensor status
Bit
0
1
2, 3
4
5, 6
7
Off/On
Off
On
Off
On
On
Off
On
Off
Hex
00
02
00
0C
10
00
60
00
Decimal
0
2
0
12
16
0
96
0
Function
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Not used. Fixed to On.
Paper roll near-end sensor: paper adequate.
Paper near-end is detected by the paper roll near-end
sensor.
Not used. Fixed to On.
Paper roll sensor: Paper present.
Paper roll end detected by paper roll sensor.
DLE ENQ n
[Function]
Real-time request to printer.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Responds to a request from the host computer. n specifies the
requests as follows:
n
1
2
[Details]
DLE EOT n
10 05 n
16 5 n
Request
Recover from an error and restart printing from the line where the
error occurred
Recover from an error aft clearing the receive and print buffers
• When the printer is disabled with ESC = (Select peripheral device),
this command is effective.
• This command is effective only when an autocutter error occurs.
• The printer starts processing data upon receiving this command.
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• This command is executed even when the printer is offline, the
receive buffer is full, or there is an error status with a serial interface
model.
GS I n
[Function]
Transmit printer ID.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Transmits the printer ID specified by n as follows:
n
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
65
66
67
68
69
Printer ID
Printer model ID
Type ID
ROM version ID
Firmware version
Manufacturer
Printer name
Serial number
Type of model
GS I n
1D 49 n
29 73 n
Specification
ID (hexadecimal)
TM-T88II series
20
See table below.
Depends on ROM version.
Depends on Firmware version.
BEMATECH
MP-4000
Depends on serial number.
INTERNATIONAL
n = 2, Type ID
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
[Details]
Off/On
Off
On
On
Off
Off
Off
Off
Hex
00
01
02
00
00
00
00
Decimal
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
Function
Two-byte character code not supported.
Two-byte character code supported.
Autocutter equipped.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Undefined.
Undefined.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
• The printer ID is transmitted when the data in the receive buffer is
developed. Therefore, there may be a time lag between receiving this
command and transmitting the status, depending on the receive buffer
status.
• When the printer ID transmission is specified with (1 = n = 3) or (49 = n =
51), one byte code is transmitted.
• When Auto Status Back (ASB) is enabled using GS a, the printer ID
transmitted by GS I and the ASB status must be differentiated using the table
in Appendix III.
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GS a n
[Function]
Enable/Disable Automatic Status Back (ASB).
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Enables or disables ASB and specifies the status items to include,
using n as follows:
Bit
0
1
2
3
4-7
[Details]
Off/On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
-
Hex
00
01
00
02
00
04
00
08
-
GS a n
1D 61 n
29 97 n
Decimal
0
1
0
2
0
4
0
8
-
Status for ASB
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 status disabled.
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 status enabled.
Online/offline status disabled.
Online/offline status enabled.
Error status disabled.
Error status enabled.
Paper roll sensor status disabled.
Paper roll sensor status enabled.
Undefined.
• If any of the status items in the table above are enabled, the printer
transmits the status when this command is executed. The printer
automatically transmits the status whenever the enabled status item
changes. The disabled status items may change, in this case, because each
status transmission represents the current status.
• If all status items are disabled, the ASB function is also disabled.
• Since this command is executed after the data is processed in the receive
buffer, there may be a time lag between data reception and status
transmission.
• When the printer is disabled by ESC = (Select peripheral device), the four
status bytes are transmitted whenever the status changes.
• When using DLE EOT, GS I, or GS r, the status transmitted by these
commands and ASB status must be differentiated, according to the
procedure in Appendix III, Transmission Status Identification.
• The status to be transmitted are as follows:
First byte - Printer Information
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Off/On
Off
Off
Off
On
Off
On
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
Hex
00
00
00
04
00
08
10
00
20
00
40
00
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Decimal
0
0
0
4
0
8
16
0
32
0
64
0
Status for ASB
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is LOW.
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is HIGH.
Online.
Offline.
Not used. Fixed to On.
Cover is closed.
Cover is open.
Paper is not being fed by using the PAPER FEED button.
Paper is being fed by using the PAPER FEED button.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
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Second byte - Printer Information
Bit
0
1
2
3
Off/On Hex Decimal Status for ASB
Undefined.
Undefined.
Undefined.
Off
00
0
No autocutter error.
On
08
8
Autocutter error occurred.
4
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5
Off
00
0
No unrecoverable error.
On
20
32
Unrecoverable error occurred.
6
Off
00
0
No automatically recoverable error.
On
40
64
Automatically recoverable error occurred.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Bit 3: If these errors occur due to paper jams or the like, it is possible to recover by correcting the
cause of the error and executing DLE ENQ n (1 = n = 2). If an error due to a circuit failure (e.g.
wire break) occurs, it is impossible to recover.
Bit 6: When printing is stopped due to high print head temperature until the print head temperature
drops sufficiently or when the paper roll cover is open during printing, bit 6 is On.
Third byte - Paper Sensor Information
Bit
0,1
Off/On
Off
On
2, 3
Off
On
4
Off
5, 6
7
Off
Hex
00
03
00
0C
00
00
Decimal
0
3
0
12
0
0
Status for ASB
Paper roll near-end sensor: paper adequate.
Paper roll near-end sensor: paper near end.
Paper roll end sensor: paper present.
Paper roll end sensor: paper not present.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Undefined.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Fourth byte - Paper Sensor Information
Bit Off/On
0-3
4
Off
5, 6
7
Off
Hex
00
00
Decimal
0
0
Status for ASB
Undefined.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Undefined.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
GS r n
[Function]
Transmit status.
[Format]
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
[Description]
Transmits the status specified by n as follows:
n
1, 49
2, 50
[Details]
GS r n
1D 72 n
29 114 n
Function
Transmits paper sensor status
Transmits drawer kick-out connector status
• This command is executed when the data in the receive buffer is
developed. Therefore, there may be a time lag between receiving
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this command and transmitting the status, depending on the receive
buffer status.
• When Auto Status Back (ASB) is enabled using GS a, the status
transmitted by GS r and the ASB status must be differentiated using
the table in Appendix III.
• The status types to be transmitted are shown below:
Paper sensor status (n = 1, 49):
Bit Off/On Hex Decimal Status for ASB
0, 1
Off
00
0
Paper roll near-end sensor: paper adequate.
On
03
3
Paper roll near-end sensor: paper near end.
2, 3
Off
00
0
Paper roll end sensor: paper adequate.
4
On
(0C)
(12)
Paper roll end sensor: paper near end.
5, 6
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Bits 2 and 3: When the paper end sensor detects a paper end, the printer goes offline and does not
execute this command. Therefore, bits 2 and 3 do not transmit the status of paper end.
Drawer kick-out connector status (n = 2, 50):
Bit
0
Off/On
Off
On
1-3 4
Off
5, 6 7
Off
Hex
00
01
00
00
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Decimal
0
1
0
0
Function
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is LOW.
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is HIGH.
Undefined.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Undefined.
Not used. Fixed to Off.
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4.6. Data Control
CAN
[Function]
Cancel print data
[Format]
ASCII
CAN
Hexadecimal
18
Decimal
24
[Description]
Deletes all the print data in the current buffer.
4.7. Barcodes
ESC/POS barcode functions are the same defined on ESC/Bema commands.
Please, refer to ESC/Bema commands.
4.8. Bit images and graphics
ESC/POS Bit images and graphics functions are the same defined on ESC/Bema
commands. Please, refer to ESC/Bema commands.
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Appendix I – Tables
Table 1 - Characters Per Line
58 mm
Characters per line
32
42
16
21
Character per inch
17
22
8
11
Command (after ESC @)
default
ESC SI or SI
ESC W 1
ESC SI or SI plus ESC W 1
76 or 80 mm
Characters per line
48
64
24
32
Character per inch
17
22
8
11
Command (after ESC @)
default
ESC SI or SI
ESC W 1
ESC SI or SI plus ESC W 1
112 mm
Characters per line
69
92
34
46
Character per inch
17
22
8
11
Command (after ESC @)
default
ESC SI or SI
ESC W 1
ESC SI or SI plus ESC W 1
Table 2 - Paper Width
Paper width
58 mm
76mm
80mm
82.5 mm
N
384
576
608
640
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Appendix II – Character Tables
ASCII
The codes from 00h up to 7Fh are shown below:
Code Page 437
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Code Page 850
Code Page 850 character set is from 00h up to 7Fh and is the same characters as
the ASCII table. Characters between 80h and FFh are available for use for international
languages.
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Code Page 858
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Code Page 860
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Code Page 866
Code Page 866 character set is from 00h up to 7Fh and is the same characters as
the ASCII table. Characters between 80h and FFh are available for use for cyrillic
languages (Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian, etc.).
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Appendix III - Transmission Status Identification
Because the specified status bits transmitted from the ESC/POS commands are
fixed, the user can confirm the command to which the status belongs, as shown in the
following table.
When using Auto Status Back (ASB), however, process the consecutive three-byte
code (except for XOFF) as ASB data after confirming the first byte of the ASB. Otherwise,
the status transmitted by using the GS r and the status of the second and following bytes
of the ASB cannot be differentiated.
Transmission Status Identification
Command & Function
GS I
GS r
XON
XOFF
DLE EOT
ASB (1st byte)
ASB (2nd to 4th bytes)
Status Reply
<0**0****>B
<0**0****>B
<00010001>B
<00010011>B
<0**1**10>B
<0**1**00>B
<0**0****>B
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