Siemens | RS-485 | Technical data | Siemens RS-485 Technical data

SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS Network Manual
System Manual
PROFIBUS networks
1
Topologies of SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS networks
2
Network configuration
3
Active components
4
Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5
Bus connectors and
preassembled cables
6
Passive components for
optical networks
7
Passive Components for
PROFIBUSPA
8
Passive components for
power supply
9
Testing PROFIBUS
A
Lightning and overvoltage
protection of bus cables
between buildings
Edition 04/2009
C79000-G8976-C124-03
B
Installing bus cables
C
Installation instructions and
notes on usage
D
Installing network
components in cabinets
E
Dimension drawings
F
List of abbreviations
G
Bibliography
H
Legal information
Warning notice system
This manual contains notices you have to observe in order to ensure your personal safety, as well as to prevent
damage to property. The notices referring to your personal safety are highlighted in the manual by a safety alert
symbol, notices referring only to property damage have no safety alert symbol. These notices shown below are
graded according to the degree of danger.
DANGER
indicates that death or severe personal injury will result if proper precautions are not taken.
WARNING
indicates that death or severe personal injury may result if proper precautions are not taken.
CAUTION
with a safety alert symbol, indicates that minor personal injury can result if proper precautions are not taken.
CAUTION
without a safety alert symbol, indicates that property damage can result if proper precautions are not taken.
NOTICE
indicates that an unintended result or situation can occur if the corresponding information is not taken into
account.
If more than one degree of danger is present, the warning notice representing the highest degree of danger will
be used. A notice warning of injury to persons with a safety alert symbol may also include a warning relating to
property damage.
Qualified Personnel
The device/system may only be set up and used in conjunction with this documentation. Commissioning and
operation of a device/system may only be performed by qualified personnel. Within the context of the safety notes
in this documentation qualified persons are defined as persons who are authorized to commission, ground and
label devices, systems and circuits in accordance with established safety practices and standards.
Proper use of Siemens products
Note the following:
WARNING
Siemens products may only be used for the applications described in the catalog and in the relevant technical
documentation. If products and components from other manufacturers are used, these must be recommended
or approved by Siemens. Proper transport, storage, installation, assembly, commissioning, operation and
maintenance are required to ensure that the products operate safely and without any problems. The permissible
ambient conditions must be adhered to. The information in the relevant documentation must be observed.
Trademarks
All names identified by ® are registered trademarks of the Siemens AG. The remaining trademarks in this
publication may be trademarks whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the
owner.
Disclaimer of Liability
We have reviewed the contents of this publication to ensure consistency with the hardware and software
described. Since variance cannot be precluded entirely, we cannot guarantee full consistency. However, the
information in this publication is reviewed regularly and any necessary corrections are included in subsequent
editions.
Siemens AG
Industry Sector
Postfach 48 48
90026 NÜRNBERG
GERMANY
Ⓟ 04/2009
Copyright © Siemens AG 2009.
Technical data subject to change
Table of contents
1
2
3
PROFIBUS networks ................................................................................................................................. 9
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
Local area networks in manufacturing and process automation ...................................................9
General introduction.......................................................................................................................9
Overview of the SIMATIC NET system........................................................................................10
Bus systems for industrial use .....................................................................................................11
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
1.2.5
1.2.5.1
1.2.5.2
1.2.5.3
1.2.5.4
Basics of the PROFIBUS network ...............................................................................................15
Attachable systems......................................................................................................................15
Standards.....................................................................................................................................15
Access mechanism ......................................................................................................................16
Protocols for PROFIBUS .............................................................................................................17
Transmission mode......................................................................................................................19
Physical transmission techniques ................................................................................................19
Transmission techniques according to EIA standard RS485 ......................................................19
Transmission techniques for optical components........................................................................21
Transmission techniques for PROFIBUS PA...............................................................................22
Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks ................................................................................. 25
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
Topologies of RS485 networks ....................................................................................................25
Overview ......................................................................................................................................25
Components for transmission speeds up to 1.5 Mbps ................................................................26
Components for transmission speeds up to 12 Mbps .................................................................27
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
Topologies of optical networks.....................................................................................................28
Electrical - optical gateway ..........................................................................................................28
Topology with integrated optical interfaces..................................................................................28
Topologies with OLMs .................................................................................................................29
Combination of integrated optical interfaces and OLMs..............................................................34
2.3
Topologies of wireless networks ..................................................................................................35
2.4
Topologies with PROFIBUS PA...................................................................................................37
Network configuration .............................................................................................................................. 41
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
Configuring electrical networks ....................................................................................................41
Overview ......................................................................................................................................41
Segments for transmission speeds up to a maximum of 500 kbps .............................................42
Segments for a transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps.........................................................................43
Segments for transmission speeds up to a maximum of 12 Mbps ..............................................46
Configuring electrical networks with RS-485 repeaters ...............................................................47
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
Configuring optical networks........................................................................................................48
Overview ......................................................................................................................................48
How a fiberoptic cable transmission system works .....................................................................48
Optical power budget of a fiberoptic transmission system ..........................................................50
Cable lengths for plastic and PCF FO links .................................................................................52
Calculating the signal loss on glass fiber-optic links with OLMs..................................................54
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
Frame transmission time..............................................................................................................58
Overview ......................................................................................................................................58
Configuring optical buses and star topologies with OLMs...........................................................59
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3
Table of contents
3.3.3
3.3.4
4
5
4
Configuring redundant optical rings with OLMs .......................................................................... 62
Example of configuring the bus parameters in STEP 7 .............................................................. 65
Active components .................................................................................................................................. 67
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.1.1
4.1.1.2
4.1.1.3
4.1.1.4
4.1.1.5
4.1.1.6
4.1.2
4.1.3
Active components for RS485 networks ..................................................................................... 67
485 repeater................................................................................................................................ 67
Functions and properties of the RS-485 repeater....................................................................... 67
Configuration options with the RS-485 repeater ......................................................................... 71
Installing and uninstalling the RS-485 repeater .......................................................................... 74
Ungrounded operation of the RS-485 repeater .......................................................................... 76
Connecting the power supply...................................................................................................... 76
Connecting the bus cable............................................................................................................ 77
Diagnostics repeater for PROFIBUS DP .................................................................................... 77
PROFIBUS terminator (active RS485 terminator) ...................................................................... 81
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
Active components for optical networks...................................................................................... 84
Optical bus terminal OBT ............................................................................................................ 84
Optical Link Module OLM............................................................................................................ 86
4.3
4.3.1
Active components for connecting two PROFIBUS networks .................................................... 88
DP/DP coupler ............................................................................................................................ 88
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
Active components for interfacing to PROFIBUS PA ................................................................. 90
Connecting to PROFIBUSPA...................................................................................................... 90
DP/PA coupler............................................................................................................................. 91
DP/PA link ................................................................................................................................... 93
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
Active components for the link from PROFIBUS DP to RS-232C .............................................. 96
DP/RS232C Link ......................................................................................................................... 96
Field distributors AFD/AFS.......................................................................................................... 97
4.6
4.6.1
Active components for connecting a PROFIBUS segment to an Industrial Ethernet
network...................................................................................................................................... 100
IE/PB Link PN IO....................................................................................................................... 100
4.7
4.7.1
Active components for linking between Industrial Wireless LAN and PROFIBUS ................... 102
IWLAN/PB Link PN IO............................................................................................................... 102
4.8
4.8.1
4.8.2
4.8.3
Active components for the link between PROFIBUS (DP slave) and AS-Interface.................. 104
DP/AS-i LINK Advanced ........................................................................................................... 104
DP/AS-Interface Link 20E ......................................................................................................... 107
DP/AS-i F-Link .......................................................................................................................... 109
Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks ................................................................................................ 113
5.1
RS-485 cables........................................................................................................................... 113
5.2
FC standard cable GP............................................................................................................... 119
5.3
PROFIBUS FC standard cable IS GP....................................................................................... 120
5.4
FCFRNC cable (bus cable with halogenfree outer jacket)........................................................ 121
5.5
FC food cable (PE jacket) ......................................................................................................... 122
5.6
FC robust cable (with PUR jacket)............................................................................................ 123
5.7
FC ground cable........................................................................................................................ 124
5.8
FC trailing cable ........................................................................................................................ 125
5.9
PROFIBUS FC trailing cable..................................................................................................... 127
5.10
PROFIBUS festoon cable ......................................................................................................... 129
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6
7
5.11
PROFIBUS torsion cable ...........................................................................................................131
5.12
PROFIBUS FC flexible cable .....................................................................................................133
5.13
PROFIBUS hybrid standard cable GP.......................................................................................134
5.14
PROFIBUS Hybrid Robust Cable ..............................................................................................135
5.15
SIENOPYR FR marine cable .....................................................................................................136
Bus connectors and preassembled cables ............................................................................................ 137
6.1
The FastConnect system ...........................................................................................................137
6.2
Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT.................................138
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
6.3.5
6.3.6
FastConnect D-sub bus connector ............................................................................................140
Area of application and technical specifications of the FastConnect connector........................140
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 9720BA300XA0)........................................144
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx52 ...)............................................145
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx60 ...)............................................147
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6GK1 500-0FC10)...............................................150
Inserting the bus connector (D-sub) in the module....................................................................152
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.4.6
D-sub bus connector with screw terminals ................................................................................153
Use of the D-sub bus connector ................................................................................................153
Area of application and technical specifications of the bus connectors.....................................154
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx12 ...)............................................157
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx41)................................................159
Connecting up the bus connector with axial cable outlet...........................................................161
Inserting the bus connector (D-sub) in the module....................................................................163
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.5.3
6.5.4
M12 bus connector ....................................................................................................................164
Area of application and technical specifications of the M12 bus connectors ............................164
Connecting the bus cable to the FC M12 bus connector (6GK1 905-0Ex10) ...........................166
Connecting the bus cable to the M12 bus connector (6GK1 905-0Ex00) .................................169
Inserting an M12 bus connector in a module.............................................................................171
6.6
6.6.1
M12 bus terminating resistor......................................................................................................172
Inserting an M12 bus terminating resistor in a module ..............................................................172
6.7
6.7.1
6.7.2
6.7.3
6.7.4
6.7.5
6.7.6
6.7.7
Bus terminals for RS485 networks ............................................................................................173
Versions available......................................................................................................................173
Design and functions of the RS485 bus terminal.......................................................................174
Design and functions of the 12M bus terminal...........................................................................175
Mounting and attaching the bus cable(s)...................................................................................177
Grounding measures .................................................................................................................180
Technical data of the RS485 bus terminal.................................................................................181
Technical data of the 12M bus terminal.....................................................................................181
6.8
6.8.1
6.8.2
6.8.3
Cable connections .....................................................................................................................183
Mixing cable types .....................................................................................................................183
Connecting cables together using network components ...........................................................183
Connecting cables together using FC M12 bus connectors ......................................................184
6.9
6.9.1
6.9.2
6.9.3
Preassembled connecting cables ..............................................................................................185
Connecting cable 830-1T...........................................................................................................185
Connecting cable 830-2 .............................................................................................................186
M12 connecting cable ................................................................................................................187
Passive components for optical networks .............................................................................................. 189
7.1
Fiber-optic cables.......................................................................................................................189
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Table of contents
8
9
A
6
7.2
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.2.5
7.2.6
Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable.............................................................................................. 190
Plastic fiber-optic duplex cable ................................................................................................. 194
Plastic fiberoptic, standard cables ............................................................................................ 195
PCF standard cable .................................................................................................................. 197
PCF standard cable GP ............................................................................................................ 200
PCF trailing cable...................................................................................................................... 202
PCF trailing cable GP................................................................................................................ 204
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
7.3.5
7.3.6
7.3.7
7.3.8
7.3.9
Glass FO cables........................................................................................................................ 206
Overview ................................................................................................................................... 206
Fiber-optic standard cable (62.5/125 μm) ................................................................................. 213
INOOR fiber-optic cable (62.5/125 μm) .................................................................................... 214
Flexible fiber optic trailing cable (62.5/125 μm) ........................................................................ 215
Fiber-optic standard cable GP (50/125 μm).............................................................................. 217
Fiber-optic ground cable (50/125 μm)....................................................................................... 218
Fiber-optic trailing cable (50/125 μm) ....................................................................................... 219
Fiber-optic trailing cable GP (50/125 μm) ................................................................................. 220
Special cables ........................................................................................................................... 221
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.4.4
Fiberoptic connectors................................................................................................................ 222
Connectors for plastic fiberoptic cables .................................................................................... 222
Simplex connector and connector adapter for devices with integrated optical interfaces ........ 222
BFOC connector for plastic FO cable ....................................................................................... 224
Connectors for glass fiber-optic cables..................................................................................... 225
Passive Components for PROFIBUSPA................................................................................................ 227
8.1
8.1.1
SIMATIC NET cables for PROFIBUS PA ................................................................................. 227
FC process cable GP (PROFIBUS PA cable)........................................................................... 229
8.2
SpliTConnect Tap ..................................................................................................................... 231
Passive components for power supply................................................................................................... 233
9.1
9.1.1
9.1.2
Overview of 7/8" cabling system ............................................................................................... 233
Overview of 7/8" cabling system ............................................................................................... 233
Energy cable 5 x 1.5 ................................................................................................................. 235
9.2
7/8" energy connector and connecting cables .......................................................................... 235
9.3
Connecting the energy cable to the 7/8" energy connector...................................................... 238
9.4
7/8" connecting cable for power supply .................................................................................... 240
9.5
Connecting the 7/8" energy connector to a module.................................................................. 241
Testing PROFIBUS................................................................................................................................ 243
A.1
A.1.1
A.1.2
A.1.3
A.1.4
A.1.5
A.1.6
Hardware test device BT200 for PROFIBUS DP ...................................................................... 243
Possible applications................................................................................................................. 243
Area of application .................................................................................................................... 243
Logging function........................................................................................................................ 243
Design and properties ............................................................................................................... 244
Functions................................................................................................................................... 244
How it works.............................................................................................................................. 245
A.2
A.2.1
A.2.2
A.2.3
A.2.4
Testing fiber-optic cable ............................................................................................................ 246
Necessity of a final test ............................................................................................................. 246
Optical power source and meter ............................................................................................... 247
Optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR)............................................................................... 248
Checking the optical signal quality with PROFIBUS OLM V4................................................... 250
PROFIBUS Network Manual
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Table of contents
B
C
D
E
F
Lightning and overvoltage protection of bus cables between buildings.................................................. 253
B.1
Why protect your automation system from overvoltage? ..........................................................253
B.2
Protecting bus cables from lightning..........................................................................................253
B.3
Instructions for installing coarse protection................................................................................255
B.4
Instructions for installing fine protection.....................................................................................256
B.5
General information on the lightning protection equipment from the firm of Dehn & Söhne .....257
Installing bus cables .............................................................................................................................. 259
C.1
Bus cables in automation systems ............................................................................................259
C.2
Electrical safety ..........................................................................................................................259
C.3
Mechanical protection of bus cables..........................................................................................260
C.4
Electromagnetic compatibility of fiberoptic cables .....................................................................262
C.5
Additional instructions on installing fiberoptic cables.................................................................262
C.6
C.6.1
C.6.2
C.6.3
C.6.4
Electromagnetic compatibility of bus cables ..............................................................................263
Measures to counter interference voltages................................................................................264
Installation and grounding of inactive metal parts......................................................................264
Using the shields of electrical bus cables ..................................................................................264
Equipotential bonding ................................................................................................................267
C.7
C.7.1
C.7.2
C.7.3
C.7.4
C.7.5
Routing electrical bus cables .....................................................................................................268
Cable categories and clearances...............................................................................................268
Cabling within cabinets ..............................................................................................................270
Cabling within buildings .............................................................................................................271
Cabling outside buildings ...........................................................................................................271
Special noise suppression measures ........................................................................................272
C.8
Laying bus cables ......................................................................................................................273
Installation instructions and notes on usage .......................................................................................... 277
D.1
Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 9000KL00-0AA0 termination kit .......................................................................................................278
D.2
Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 9000HL00-0AA0 termination kit .......................................................................................................285
D.3
Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex
connectors..................................................................................................................................291
D.4
Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC
connectors..................................................................................................................................302
D.5
Notes on using the pulling loop of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic standard
cable...........................................................................................................................................314
Installing network components in cabinets............................................................................................. 319
E.1
IP degrees of protection.............................................................................................................319
E.2
Installed in cabinet: ....................................................................................................................320
Dimension drawings .............................................................................................................................. 323
F.1
Dimension drawings of the bus connectors ...............................................................................323
F.2
Dimension drawings of the RS485 repeater ..............................................................................326
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Table of contents
F.3
Dimension drawing of the PROFIBUS terminator..................................................................... 327
F.4
Dimension drawings of the RS485 bus terminal ....................................................................... 328
F.5
Dimension drawings of the BT12M bus terminal ...................................................................... 329
F.6
Dimension drawings of the optical bus terminal OBT ............................................................... 330
F.7
Dimension drawings of the optical link module OLM ................................................................ 332
G
List of abbreviations............................................................................................................................... 335
H
Bibliography........................................................................................................................................... 337
Glossary ................................................................................................................................................ 341
Index...................................................................................................................................................... 349
8
PROFIBUS Network Manual
System Manual, Edition 04/2009, C79000-G8976-C124-03
PROFIBUS networks
1.1
Local area networks in manufacturing and process automation
1.1.1
General introduction
1
Communications systems
The performance of control systems is no longer simply determined by the programmable
logic controllers, but also to a great extent by the environment in which they are located.
Apart from plant visualization, operating and monitoring, this also means a highperformance
communication system.
Distributed systems
Distributed automation systems are being used increasingly in manufacturing and process
automation. This means that a complex control task is divided into smaller "handier"
subtasks with distributed control systems. There are therefore exacting requirements for
communication between the distributed systems. Such structures have, for example, the
following advantages:
● Independent and simultaneous startup of individual sections of plant/system
● Smaller, clearer programs
● Parallel processing by distributed automation systems
This results in the following:
– Shorter reaction times
– Reduced load on the individual processing units.
● Systemwide structures for handling additional diagnostic and logging functions
● Increased plant/system availability since the rest of the system can continue to operate if
a substation fails.
A powerful and comprehensive communication system is indispensable to a distributed plant
structure.
SIMATIC NET
With SIMATIC NET, Siemens provides an open, heterogeneous communication system with
local area networks graded by performance for the various levels of manufacturing and
process automation in an industrial environment. The SIMATIC NET communication systems
are based on national and international standards according to the ISO/OSI reference
model.
PROFIBUS Network Manual
System Manual, Edition 04/2009, C79000-G8976-C124-03
9
PROFIBUS networks
1.1 Local area networks in manufacturing and process automation
The basis of such communication systems is provided by local area networks (LANs) that
can be implemented in one of the following ways depending on certain conditions:
● Electrically
● Optically
● Wireless
● Combined electrical/optical/wireless
● Electrically, intrinsically safe
1.1.2
Overview of the SIMATIC NET system
SIMATIC NET
SIMATIC NET is the name of the communication networks connecting SIEMENS
programmable controllers, host computers, work stations and personal computers.
SIMATIC NET includes the following:
● The communication network consisting of the transmission medium, the corresponding
connection and transmission components, and the corresponding transmission methods
● Protocols and services used to transfer data between the devices listed above
● The modules of the automation system or computer that provide the connection to the
LAN (communications processors "CPs" or "interface modules").
To handle a variety of tasks in automation engineering, SIMATIC NET provides different
communication networks to suit the particular situation.
The topology of rooms, buildings, factories, and complete company complexes and the
prevalent environmental conditions mean different requirements. The networked automation
components also make different demands on the communication system.
To meet these various requirements, SIMATIC NET provides the following communication
networks complying with national and international standards:
10
PROFIBUS Network Manual
System Manual, Edition 04/2009, C79000-G8976-C124-03
PROFIBUS networks
1.1 Local area networks in manufacturing and process automation
1.1.3
Bus systems for industrial use
Overview
The following graphic shows the connection of the various automation systems to the
standardized networks.
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PROFIBUS Network Manual
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11
PROFIBUS networks
1.1 Local area networks in manufacturing and process automation
Gateways are implemented via controllers or links.
Configuration and diagnostics can be performed from any point in the plant.
Standardization
PROFINET / Industrial Ethernet
•
•
•
Industrial Ethernet
(IEEE 802.3)
PROFINET
(IEC 61158/61784)
Industrial Wireless LAN
(IEEE 802.11)
•
•
•
Industrial standard based on the international Ethernet
standard
Open Industrial Ethernet standard for automation
Industrial standard for wireless communication based on the
international standard
PROFIBUS
•
PROFIBUS
(IEC 61158/61784)
•
International standard for the field area (market leader in
fieldbuses worldwide)
•
International standard that, as an economical alternative to
the cable harness, links sensors and actuators over a twowire cable
•
Standard for intelligent interfacing of sensors and actuators
to the control level using a cost-effective point-to-point link
AS-Interface (AS-i)
•
AS-Interface
(IEC 62026-2/EN 50295)
IO Link
•
IO Link
Use of the communication systems
Ind. Ethernet
PROFINET
PROFIBUS DP
AS-i
IO Link
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) (for example
PC)
●
○
-
-
-
Control
(for example SIMATIC S7-300)
●
●
●
●
-
Motion Control
(for example SIMOTION)
○
●
●
○
-
Intelligent field devices
(for example ET 200S/CPU)
-
●
●
○
●
Simple field devices
(for example ET 200)
-
●
●
●
-
Sensor / actuator
-
●
●
●
●
Drives
(for example SINAMICS)
○
●
●
-
-
SIRIUS
motor starter
-
●
●
●
○
SINUMERIK
○
●
●
○
-
Safety-oriented communication
-
●
●
●
-
- not suitable
○ suitable
● well suited
12
PROFIBUS Network Manual
System Manual, Edition 04/2009, C79000-G8976-C124-03
PROFIBUS networks
1.1 Local area networks in manufacturing and process automation
Industrial Ethernet
Communications network for the LAN and cell area in with baseband transmission
technology according to IEEE 802.3.
Characteristics:
● High transmission performance
– Fast Ethernet (100 Mbps)
– Gigabit Ethernet (1000 Mbps)
● Scalability and practically unlimited network spans with switching technology
● Three transmission technologies are available:
– Electrical cable (twisted pair)
– Fiber-optic cable
– Wireless LAN
● Security modules protect from unauthorized access
● Industrial Ethernet provides expansions specifically for an industrial environment:
– Network components and cabling technology suitable for industry
– High availability due to redundancy functionality (for example ring redundancy) and
redundant power supply
IWLAN
Industrial wireless communication stands for the industrial mobile communication products
for wireless communication.
These are based on global wireless standards such as IEEE 802.11, GSM, GPRS or UMTS.
Industrial Wireless LAN (IWLAN) technology represents an extension to the IEEE 802.11
standard that is particularly suited to demanding industrial applications with real-time and
redundancy requirements.
Characteristics:
● Operation in the frequency bands 2.4 and 5 GHz
● Support of most IEEE 802.11 standards
● High spatial flexibility: Communication independent of hard-wired cabling (for example no
trailing cable is required with overhead monorails)
● Straightforward interfacing with cable Ethernet
● High availability
– Due to device-related and application-related monitoring of the wireless connection
– Due to numerous security technologies (for example RADIUS server, WEP, AES,
TKIP)
● Suitability for industry with Industrial Wireless LAN (IWLAN)
– Data reservation
– "Rapid roaming" for extremely fast handover of mobile nodes between different
wireless cells
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1.1 Local area networks in manufacturing and process automation
PROFINET IO
PROFINET allows the integration of distributed field devices (IO devices, for example signal
modules) directly in Industrial Ethernet. The user data is transferred by means of TCP/IP or
IT standards. The simple engineering for PROFINET, field-proven with PROFIBUS, was
adopted here.
By retaining the device model of PROFIBUS, the same diagnostics information is available
on PROFINET.
From the viewpoint of programming with STEP 7, there is no difference between PROFIBUS
and PROFINET when accessing a distributed field device.
PROFINET based on the network technology of Industrial Ethernet, however, provides
enhancements that are extremely important for industrial applications and that are absent in
Ethernet.
PROFIBUS
Communications network for the cell and field area complying with IEC 61158-2 /
EN 61158-2 with the hybrid medium access technique token bus and master slave.
Networking is on twisted-pair or fiberoptic cable.
Transmission media: PROFIBUS networks can be implemented with the following:
● Shielded, twisted-pair cables (characteristic impedance 150 Ω)
● Fiberoptic cables
The various communication networks can be used independently or, if required, can also be
combined with each other.
PROFIBUS PA
PROFIBUS PA is the PROFIBUS for process automation (PA). It connects the PROFIBUS
DP communications protocol using the MBP transmission technique in compliance with
IEC 61158-2.
Transmission media: PROFIBUS PA networks can be created with intrinsic safety based on
shielded, twisted-pair cables (with PROFIBUS PA).
AS-Interface (AS-i)
The actuator sensor interface (ASi) is a communications network for automation at the
lowest level for connecting binary or analog actuators and sensors (also safety-oriented) to
programmable logic controllers via the ASi bus cable.
Transmission media: The flat yellow cable typical for AS-i transfers the network
communication and supplies the field devices with power.
IO Link
Communications standard below the fieldbus level. This allows central fault diagnostics and
location as far as the sensor/actuator level and simplifies commissioning and maintenance
by allowing parameter data to be modified dynamically, directly from within the automation
system.
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1.2
Basics of the PROFIBUS network
1.2.1
Attachable systems
IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS products and the networks created with them comply with the
PROFIBUS standard IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2. The SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS
components can also be used with SIMATIC S7 to create a SIMATIC MPI subnet (MPI =
Multipoint Interface).
1.2.2
Standards
Standards for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS is based on the following standards and directives:
● IEC 61158 2 to 6: 1993/2000 / EN 61158-2
Digital data communications for measurement and control - fieldbus for use in industrial
control systems
● EIA RS 485: 1983
Standard for electrical characteristics of generators and receivers for use in balanced
digital multipoint systems
Standards for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PA
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PA is based on the following standards and directives:
● IEC 61158 2: 1993
Fieldbus standard for use in industrial control systems Part 2: Physical layer specification
and service definition
● EN 61158 2: 1994
Fieldbus standard for use in industrial control systems Part 2: Physical layer specification
and service definition
● PTB Report W 53: 1993
Investigations into intrinsic safety of fieldbus systems, March 1993
● PNO guideline: 1996
PROFIBUS PA Installation Guideline (technical guidance for use of IEC 61158 2 with
PROFIBUS, No. 2.091)
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1.2 Basics of the PROFIBUS network
1.2.3
Access mechanism
TOKEN BUS/masterslave method
Network access on PROFIBUS corresponds to the method specified in IEC 61158-2 /
EN 61158-2, "Token Bus" for active and "masterslave" for passive stations.
Token rotation
(logical ring)
Master
Master
Slave
Master
Slave
Master
Slave
Master
Slave
Slave
Logical token ring
Master-slave relationship
Figure 1-2
Principle of the PROFIBUS medium access technique
Active and Passive Nodes
This access procedure is independent of the transmission medium. Figure 1-1 "Principle of
the PROFIBUS medium access technique" shows the hybrid technique with active and
passive nodes. This is explained briefly below:
● All active nodes (masters) form the logical token ring in a fixed order and each active
node knows the other active nodes and their order in the logical ring (the order does not
depend on the topological arrangement of the active nodes on the bus).
● The right to access the medium, the "token", is passed from active node to active node in
the order of the logical ring.
● If a node has received the token (addressed to it), it can send frames. The time in which it
is allowed to send frames is specified by the token holding time. Once this has expired,
the node is only allowed to send one high priority message. If the node does not have a
message to send, it passes the token directly to the next node in the logical ring. The
token timers from which the maximum token holding time is calculated are configured for
all active nodes.
● If an active node has the token and if it has connections configured to passive nodes
(masterslave connections), the passive nodes are polled (for example values read out) or
data is sent to the slaves (for example setpoints).
● Passive nodes never receive the token.
This access technique allows nodes to enter or leave the ring during operation.
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1.2.4
Protocols for PROFIBUS
Potential applications for PROFIBUS DP
PROFIBUS DP (distributed I/O) is used for controlling sensors and actuators using a central
controller in production engineering. Here, particular emphasis is on the many standard
diagnostics options. Other potential uses include the connection of "distributed intelligence",
in other words the internetworking of several controllers (similar to PROFIBUS FMS). Data
rates of up to 12 Mbps are possible on twisted-pair cables and/or fiber-optic cables.
Since there is no difference at layer 2 for PROFIBUS protocols, all protocols can be operated
side-by-side in a PROFIBUS network.
Potential applications of PROFIBUS PA
PROFIBUS PA (process automation) is used for the control of measuring devices by a
process control system in process engineering. This version of PROFIBUS is suitable for
hazardous areas (Ex zones 0 and 1). Here, only a weak current flows through an intrinsically
safe circuit in the bus cables, so that sparks capable of causing an explosion are not
produced even if a fault occurs. The maximum data transmission rate is 31.25 kbps.
Position in the ISO-OSI reference model
Layer
DP
S7 protocol
6
5
UDP
RFC 1006
TCP
ISO
S7 protocol
FMS
7
4
PA
IP
3
FDL
2
Ind. Ethernet
MPI
PROFIBUS
IEC
1158-2
1
Figure 1-3
ISO-OSI reference model
Layer 2 in PROFIBUS is known as the FDL layer (Fieldbus Data Link).
Above layer 2, there is a specific interface that can be assigned to layer 4.
The other layers of the OSI reference model are not implemented.
The frame formats of PROFIBUS layer 2 allow considerable transmission reliability for FDL
communication (Hamming distance HD=4). Frames in which errors are detected are
repeated automatically.
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1.2 Basics of the PROFIBUS network
DP protocol
At the field level, protocols for PROFIBUS with large numbers of services or complicated
data processing are unsuitable because the required bus cycle time and reaction time
cannot be achieved.
To be able to cover the field level within the automation hierarchy, PROFIBUS DP
(distributed peripheral I/O) was developed. The essential characteristic of PROFIBUS DP is
that the user data is represented in the form of a cyclic data image. Here, object-oriented
interfaces as used in FMS or the S7 protocol are completely avoided. The principle of
PROFIBUS DP communication is a master-slave system. A master polls one or more slaves
cyclically.
Instead of the normal user interface, at layer 7 (ISO-OSI reference model) of the DP
protocol, there is a user interface in the form of a standard application that along with the
DDLM (Direct Data Link Mapper) interfaces directly with layer 2 (ISO-OSI reference model),
in other words with FDL.
There are two types of DP masters:
● Class 1 master: Controls the process cyclically
● Class 2 master: Device parameter assignment and diagnostics
Benefits:
● Very fast communications protocol because very hardware oriented
● Can be used with third-party systems
FMS protocol
In the original form of the PROFIBUS specification, not only the FDL protocol but also the
FMS protocol was specified. The aim of this protocol was to be able to include more complex
hierarchical systems alongside the field devices.
To achieve this, part of the MMS (Manufacturing Message Specification) that originated from
the MAP communications model was met in addition to field device interfacing. The complete
model resulted in the Fieldbus Message Specification (FMS).
Within PROFIBUS, levels 3 to 6 are not implemented. The user layer is layer 2; for layer 7,
the Lower Layer Interface (LLI) was developed for the FMS protocol. Functions of the nonexistent layers such as connection establishment and termination and connection monitoring
are implemented in this LLI for the FMS protocol.
The FMS protocol is object-oriented. All transferred data is transferred in the form of nonproprietary, standardized communications objects. Each object is accessed via its index or
name.
Benefits:
● Acknowledged data transfer
● Can be used flexibly with third-party systems
● Access to individual variables or structure elements is possible
● Linking to slaves and masters possible
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S7 protocol
All SIMATIC S7 and C7 controllers have integrated S7 communication services that allow
the user program to read or write data. The S7-400 controllers use SFBs, the S7-300 or C7
controllers use FBs. These functions are available regardless of the bus system used, so
that you can use S7 communication via Industrial Ethernet, PROFIBUS or MPI.
Benefits:
The S7 protocol is supported by all available S7 controllers and communications processors.
PC systems with suitable hardware and software also support communication with the S7
protocol.
● Not dependent on the bus medium (PROFIBUS, Industrial Ethernet (ISO-on-TCP), MPI)
● Can be used with all S7 data areas
● Transfer of up to 64 kbytes in one job
● Layer 7 protocol handles acknowledgment of data records automatically
● Low processor and bus load when transferring larger amounts of data because it is
optimized for SIMATIC communication
1.2.5
Transmission mode
1.2.5.1
Physical transmission techniques
Physical transmission techniques
The physical transmission techniques used depend on the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS
transmission medium:
● RS485 for electrical networks on shielded, twisted-pair cables
● Optical techniques according to IEC 61158-2 Section 23 on fiber-optic cables
● MBT transmission technique complying with IEC 61158-2 for intrinsically safe and nonintrinsically safe electrical networks in process control (PROFIBUS PA) based on
shielded, twisted-pair cables.
1.2.5.2
Transmission techniques according to EIA standard RS485
EIA standard RS-485
The RS485 transmission technique corresponds to balanced data transmission as specified
in the EIA standard RS485 (Page 337). This transmission technique is mandatory in
IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2 for data transmission on twisted-pair cables.
The medium is a shielded, twisted pair cable.
The bus cable is terminated at both ends with the characteristic impedance. Such a bus
cable terminated at both ends is known as a segment.
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The attachment of the node to the bus is via a bus terminal with a spur line or a bus
connector (maximum 32 nodes per segment). The individual segments are connected via
repeaters.
The maximum length of a segment depends on the following:
● The transmission speed
● The type of cable being used
Benefits:
● Flexible bus or tree structure with repeaters, bus terminals, and bus connectors for
attaching PROFIBUS nodes
● Purely passive forwarding of signals allows nodes to be deactivated without affecting the
network (except for the nodes that supply power to the terminating resistors)
● Simple installation of the bus cable without specialized experience.
Restrictions:
● Distance covered reduces as the transmission rate increases
● Requires additional lightning protection measures when installed outdoors
Properties of the RS485 transmission technique
The RS485 transmission technique in PROFIBUS has the following physical characteristics:
Physical characteristics of the RS485 transmission technique
Network topology:
Bus, tree structure with the use of repeaters
Medium:
Shielded, twisted-pair cable
Achievable segment lengths:
1,000 m
For transmission speeds up to 187.5 kbps
(depending on the cable type
see Segments for transmission
speeds up to a maximum of 500 kbps
(Page 42))
400 m
For transmission speed up to 500 kbps
200 m
For a transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps
100 m
For transmission speeds 3, 6 and 12 Mbps
Number of repeaters connected in
series:
Max. 9
Number of nodes:
Maximum 32 on one bus segment
Maximum 127 per network when using repeaters
Transmission rates:
20
9.6 kbps, 19.2 kbps, 45.45 kbps, 93.75 kbps, 187.5 kbps,
500 kbps, 1.5 Mbps, 3 Mbps, 6 Mbps, 12 Mbps
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Note
The properties listed in the table above assume a bus cable of type A and a bus terminator
according to the PROFIBUS standard IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2. The SIMATIC
NET PROFIBUS cables and bus connectors meet this specification. If reductions in the
segment length are necessary when using special versions of the bus cable with increased
loop resistance, this is pointed out in the sections on "Configuration" and "SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS cables".
1.2.5.3
Transmission techniques for optical components
The IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2 guideline
The optical transmission technique complies with IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2.
Integrated optical interfaces, OBT, OLM
The optical version of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS is implemented with integrated, optical
ports, optical bus terminals (OBT) and optical link modules (OLM).
Duplex fiberoptic cables are used as the medium made of glass, PCF or plastic fibers.
Duplex fiberoptic cables consist of 2 conducting fibers surrounded by a common jacket to
form a cable.
Modules with integrated optical ports and optical bus terminals (OBTs) can be
interconnected to form optical networks only with a bus structure.
Using OLMs, optical networks can be installed using a bus, star and ring structure. The ring
structure provides a redundant signal transmission path and represents the basis for
networks with high availability.
Benefits:
● Regardless of the transmission rate, large distances can be covered between two end
devices (connections between OLM and OLM up to 15,000 m)
● Electrical isolation between nodes and transmission medium
● When plant components at different ground potential are connected, there are no shield
currents
● No electromagnetic interference
● No additional lightning protection elements are required
● Simple laying of fiberoptic cables
● High availability of the LAN due to the use of a ring topology
● Extremely simple attachment technique using plastic fiberoptic cables over shorter
distances
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1.2 Basics of the PROFIBUS network
Restrictions:
● Frame throughput times are increased compared with an electrical network
● The assembly of glass fiberoptic cables with connectors requires specialist experience
and tools
● The absence of a power supply at the signal coupling points (node attachments, OLMs,
OBTs) stops the signal flow
Characteristics of the optical transmission technique
The optical transmission technique has the following characteristics:
Network topology:
Bus structure with integrated optical ports and OBT; bus, star or
ring structure with OLMs
Medium:
Fiberoptic cables with glass, PCF or plastic fibers
Maximum link length:
With glass fibers up to 15,000 m dependent on the fiber and OLM
type
(point-to-point)
With plastic fibers:
OLM: 0 m to 80 m
OBT: 1 m to 50 m
Transmission speed:
9.6 kbps, 19.2 kbps, 45.45 kbps, 93.75 kbps, 187.5 kbps,
500 kbps, 1.5 Mbps, 3 Mbps*, 6 Mbps*, 12 Mbps
Number of nodes:
Maximum of 127 per network (126 with ring structure with OLMs)
* not with integrated optical ports and OBT
Note
The optical ports of the OLMs are optimized for greater distances. The direct coupling of the
optical ports of an OLM with an OBT or integrated optical ports is not possible due to
differences in the technical specifications.
1.2.5.4
Transmission techniques for PROFIBUS PA
IEC 611582 standard
The transmission technique corresponds to the MBP transmission technique complying with
the IEC 611582 standard (identical to EN 611582).
The transmission medium is a shielded, twisted pair cable. The signal is transmitted
Manchester-coded at 31.25 kbps. In general, the data line is normally also used to supply
power to the field devices.
Benefits:
● Simple cabling with twisted pair
● Remote power supply via the signal cores
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● Intrinsically safe operation possible (for hazardous areas)
● Bus and tree topology
● Up to 31 field devices (+ master) per line segment
Restrictions:
● Transmission speed: 31.25 kbps
Properties of the MBP transmission technique according to IEC 61158-2
The main characteristics of the MBP transmission technique according to IEC 61158-2 are
as follows:
Network topology:
Bus, star and tree topology
Medium:
Shielded, twisted pair cable
Achievable segment lengths:
1900 m
Transmission speed:
31.25 kbps
Number of field devices per PA segment:
Max. 31
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.1
Topologies of RS485 networks
2.1.1
Overview
2
Transmission speed
When operating SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS in the RS485 transmission technique, the user
can select one of the transmission rates below:
9.6 kbps, 19.2 kbps, 45.45 kbps, 93.75 kbps, 187.5 kbps, 500 kbps,
1.5 Mbps, 3 Mbps, 6 Mbps or 12 Mbps
Depending on the transmission rate, transmission medium, and network components
different segment lengths and therefore different network spans can be implemented.
The bus attachment components can be divided into two groups:
● Components for transmission rates from 9.6 kbps to a maximum of 1.5 Mbps
● Components for transmission rates from 9.6 kbps to a maximum of 12 Mbps
Bus cable
The transmission media used are the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables described in
Chapter 4. The technical information below applies only to networks implemented with these
cables and SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS components.
Node attachment
The nodes are attached to the bus cables via bus connectors, bus terminals or RS485
repeaters.
Terminator
Each bus segment must be terminated at both ends with its characteristic impedance. This
cable terminator is integrated in the RS485 repeaters, the bus terminals and the bus
connectors and can be activated if required.
This line terminator can only be effective if the relevant connection element is supplied with
power. With the bus terminals and the bus connectors, this power is supplied by the
connected end device, whereas the RS485 repeater and the terminator have their own
power supply.
The RS485 transmission technique allows the attachment of a maximum of 32 devices (end
devices and repeaters) per bus segment. The maximum permitted cable length of a segment
depends on the transmission rate and the bus cable used.
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2.1 Topologies of RS485 networks
Connecting segments using RS485 repeaters
By using RS485 repeaters, segments can be interconnected. The RS485 repeater amplifies
the data signals on the bus cables. You require an RS485 repeater when you want to attach
more than 32 nodes to a network or when the permitted segment length is exceeded. A
maximum of 9 repeaters can be used between any two nodes. Both bus and tree structures
can be implemented.
The following figure shows a typical topology using RS485 technology with 3 segments and
2 repeaters.
S7-400
PG
OP 25
S7-300
S7-300
S7-400
PG
RS 485
Repeater
Spur line
RS 485
Repeater
S7-400
OP 25
OP 25
Figure 2-1
Topology with RS-485 technology
① Terminating resistor activated
② PG connected for maintenance via spur line (6ES7 901-4BD00-0XA0)
Increasing the overall span of a network by using repeaters can lead to longer transmission
times that may need to be taken into account when configuring the network (Page 41).
2.1.2
Components for transmission speeds up to 1.5 Mbps
All SIMATIC NET bus attachment components can be used for transmission speeds up to
1.5 Mbps.
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2.1.3
Components for transmission speeds up to 12 Mbps
The following bus attachment components can be used for transmission speeds up to 12
Mbps:
Table 2- 1
Bus attachment components for transmission speeds up to 12 Mbps
Order no.
PROFIBUS bus connector with axial cable outlet
6GK1 500-0EA02
PROFIBUS FastConnect bus connector RS-485 Plug 180 with 180° cable outlet
6GK1 500-0FC10
RS-485 bus connector with vertical cable outlet
• Without PG interface
• With PG interface
6ES7 972-0BA12-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB12-0XA0
PROFIBUS FastConnect bus connector RS-485 with 90° cable outlet and cable piercing
technique
Max. transmission speed 12 Mbps
• Without PG interface
• With PG interface
6ES7 972-0BA51-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB51-0XA0
PROFIBUS FastConnect bus connector 180° cable outlet, insulation piercing technique
Max. transmission speed 12 Mbps
• Without PG interface
• With PG interface
6ES7 972-0BA60-0XA0
RS-485 bus connector with 35° cable outlet
• Without PG interface
• With PG interface
6ES7 972-0BA41-0XA0
SIMATIC NET 830 1T connecting cable, preassembled, fitted with terminating resistors,
as link between electrical interface of an OLM or OBT and the PROFIBUS interface of a
PROFIBUS node.
• 1.5 m
• 3m
SIMATIC NET 8302 connecting cable for PROFIBUS, preassembled cable with two Dsub, 9pin male connectors, terminating resistors can be activated.
• 3m
• 5m
• 10 m
SIMATIC S5/S7 PROFIBUS connecting cable for connecting programming devices up to
12 Mbps preassembled with 2 D-sub 9-pin connectors, length 3 m
6ES7 972-0BB60-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB41-0XA0
6XV1 830-1CH15
6XV1 830-1CH30
6XV1 830-2AH30
6XV1 830-2AH50
6XV1 830-2AN10
6ES7 901-4BD00-0XA0
RS485 repeater for PROFIBUS up to 12 Mbps, 24 V DC, casing to IP20
6ES7 972-0AA01-0XA0
PROFIBUS bus terminal 12M
6GK1 500-0AA10
Optical Link Module OLM Vx
6GK1 50x xCx00
Optical Bus Terminal OBT
6GK1 500-3AA0
Active RS-485 PROFIBUS terminator
6ES7 972-0DA00-0AA0
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2.2 Topologies of optical networks
2.2
Topologies of optical networks
2.2.1
Electrical - optical gateway
Electrical/optical conversion
If you want to cover larger distances with the fieldbus regardless of the transmission rate or if
the data traffic on the bus is threatened by extreme levels of external noise, you should use
fiberoptic cables instead of copper cable.
To interface electrical cables with fiberoptic cables, you have the following possibilities:
● PROFIBUS nodes with a PROFIBUS-DP interface (RS-485) are connected to the optical
network via an Optical Bus Terminal (OBT) or via an Optical Link Module (OLM).
● PROFIBUS nodes with an integrated fiber-optic cable interface (for example the ET 200M
(IM 153-2 FO), S7-400 (IM 467 FO)) can be directly integrated in an optical network with
a bus topology.
● Optical networks with a larger network span or structured as redundant rings should be
implemented using OLMs.
The structure of optical networks using optical link modules (OLMs) is described in detail in
later chapters in this manual.
For information about the structure of an optical PROFIBUS network with PROFIBUS nodes
having an integrated FO interface, refer also to the manual Distributed I/O System ET 200"
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/114247).
2.2.2
Topology with integrated optical interfaces
Bus topology
The optical PROFIBUS network with nodes that have an integrated fiber-optic cable interface
has a linear (bus) topology. The PROFIBUS nodes are interconnected in pairs over duplex
fiber-optic cables.
Up to 32 PROFIBUS nodes with integrated FO interfaces can be connected in series in an
optical PROFIBUS network. If a PROFIBUS node fails, the linear topology means that none
of the downstream DP slaves can be accessed by the DP master.
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S7 400 with
IM 467 FO
PG
ET 200M with
IM 153-2 FO
S7 300
OP 25
2
1
1
Line length between
2 nodes:
Plastic FOC up to 50
m
PCF FOC up to 300 m
OBT
1
2
2
OBT
Further nodes
①
Terminating resistor activated
1
Fiber-optic cables
2
PROFIBUS bus cable
Figure 2-2
PROFIBUS DP network - nodes with integrated FO interfaces
For short distances, the preassembled 8301T or 8302 connecting cables can be used as an
alternative to the PROFIBUS cable.
Transmission speed
An optical PROFIBUS network with a bus topology can be operated at the following
transmission speeds:
9.6 kbps, 19.2 kbps, 45.45 kbps, 93.75 kbps, 187.5 kbps, 500 kbps, 1.5 Mbps and 12 Mbps
PROFIBUS Optical Bus Terminal (OBT)
Using a PROFIBUS optical bus terminal (OBT), an individual PROFIBUS node without an
integrated FO port or a PROFIBUS RS485 segment can be attached to the optical
PROFIBUS network (see Figure 2-2).
The attachment is made to the RS485 interface of the OBT using a PROFIBUS cable or a
preassembled connecting cable. The OBT is included in the optical PROFIBUS bus via the
FO interface.
2.2.3
Topologies with OLMs
OLMs
The OLMs have a floating electrical channel (similar to the channels on a repeater) and
depending on the version, they have one or two optical channels.
The OLMs are suitable for transmission rates of 9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps. The transmission rate
is detected automatically.
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.2 Topologies of optical networks
Linear bus topologies
Figure 2-3 shows a typical example of a bus topology
In a bus structure, the individual SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS OLMs are connected together in
pairs by duplex fiberoptic cables.
At the start and end of a bus, OLMs with one optical channel are adequate, in between,
OLMs with two optical channels are required.
The end devices are attached to the electrical interfaces of the OLMs. Either an individual
end device or a complete PROFIBUS segment with a maximum of 31 nodes can be
connected to the RS485 interface.
ET 200S
OP 25
ET 200M
2
OP 25
2
4
4
PG
3
1
1
1
Bus connector
①
Terminating resistor activated
1
Fiber-optic cables
2
PROFIBUS bus cable
3
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-1T
4
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-2
Figure 2-3
30
Example of a bus topology with OLMs
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.2 Topologies of optical networks
Star topologies with OLMs
Several optical link modules are grouped together to form a star coupler via a bus
connection of the RS485 interfaces. This RS485 connection allows the attachment of further
end devices until the maximum permitted number of 32 bus attachments per segment is
reached.
S7-400
OP 25
Star point
3
2
2
1
2
2
1
S7-400
PG
1
3
①
Terminating resistor activated
1
Fiber-optic cables
2
PROFIBUS bus cable
3
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-2
Figure 2-4
Example of a star topology with OLMs
Optical channels
The OLMs are connected to the star coupler by duplex fiberoptic cables.
Both end devices and electrical bus segments can be connected to the OLMs attached by
the duplex fiberoptic cables. Depending on the requirements and the distance, the duplex
cables can be implemented with plastic, PCF or glass (OLM only) fibers.
Monitoring FO links
Using the echo function, the connected OLMs can monitor the fiberoptic sections. A break on
a link is indicated by a display LED and by the signaling contact responding.
Even if only one transmission direction is lost, the segmentation triggered by the monitoring
function leads to safe disconnection of the OLM from the star coupler. The remaining
network can continue to work without problems.
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.2 Topologies of optical networks
Mixed structure
The star coupler can be made up with combinations of OLM/P, OLM/G and OLM/G1300
modules and at the RS485 end with all types.
Redundant Optical Rings using OLMs
Redundant optical rings are a special form of bus topology. By closing the optical bus to form
a ring, a high degree of operational reliability is achieved.
S7-400
S7-400
PG
OP 25
ET 200M
2
4
3
1
1
1
Path 1
1
Path 2
①
Terminating resistor activated
1
Fiber-optic cables
2
PROFIBUS bus cable
3
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-1T
4
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-2
Figure 2-5
Network structure in a redundant, optical, twofiber ring topology
A break on a fiberoptic cable between two modules is detected by the modules and the
network is reconfigured to form an optical bus. The entire network remains operational.
If a module fails, only the end devices or electrical segments attached to the module are
separated from the ring; the remaining network remains operational as a bus.
The problem is indicated by LEDs on the modules involved and by their signaling contacts.
After the problem is eliminated, the modules involved cancel the segmentation automatically.
and the bus is once again closed to form a ring.
Note
To increase the availability, the duplex cables for the outgoing and incoming paths in the ring
should be laid separately.
32
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.2 Topologies of optical networks
Alternative cabling strategy
If the distance between two OLMs turns out to be too long, a structure as shown in the figure
below can be implemented.
S7-400
OP 25
PG/PC/OP
PG
ET 200M
4
2
4
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
S7-400
OP 25
PG/PC/OP
PG
ET 200M
4
2
4
1
1
1
①
Terminating resistor activated
1
Fiber-optic cables
2
PROFIBUS bus cable
3
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-1T
4
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-2
Figure 2-6
4
3
1
1
Alternative cabling of a network structure in an optical twofiber ring topology
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33
Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.2 Topologies of optical networks
2.2.4
Combination of integrated optical interfaces and OLMs
Options for combinations with OLM
Note
You will find information on combinations with OLMs in the operating manual of the OLM on
the Internet (http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/24164176).
Attaching glass FO cables to buses made up of integrated optical interfaces
The operating wavelength of the integrated optical interfaces and the OBT is optimized for
the use of plastic or PCF fibers. The direct attachment of glass FO cables is not possible.
If a link with glass FO cable is required, for example to span distances of more than 300 m,
this link must be implemented with OLMs. The attachment of glass links to the optical bus
made up of integrated optical interfaces is via the RS485 interface of an OBT. The following
schematic shows an example of an application.
ET 200M with
IM 153-2FO
PG
ET 200M
OBT
Field device without
FO interface
4
OBT
OBT
1
1
OBT
2
Further nodes
3
3
1 1
1
①
Terminating resistor activated
1
Fiber-optic cables
2
PROFIBUS bus cable
3
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-1T
4
PROFIBUS connecting cable 830-2
Figure 2-7
34
Attachment of an optical glass link to an optical bus made up of integrated optical
interfaces
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.3 Topologies of wireless networks
2.3
Topologies of wireless networks
Overview
Siemens supports communication with a whole family of networks. The various networks
meet the widest possible range of performance and application requirements.
They can exchange data at various levels, between various parts of a plant or between
various automation stations. Since PROFIBUS itself does not provide any wireless
transmission technology, Industrial Wireless Communication with SCALANCE W in
conjunction with the IWLAN/PB Link PN IO takes on a special importance.
Industrial wireless communication stands for the industrial mobile communication products
for wireless communication. These are based on global wireless standards such as IEEE
802.11, GSM, GPRS or UMTS.
The wireless components are equipped with uniform system interfaces and are designed for
perfect interaction with each other. Supplementing the conventional wired solutions, wireless
communication is making greater inroads into industry. Siemens offers products for data
transmission over local networks, intranet, Internet or wireless networks.
SCALANCE W
The products of SCALANCE W offer the unique combination of reliability, ruggedness and
security in one product:
● For implementation at industrial and automation customer sites
● For outdoor environments with demanding climatic requirements
● For low-cost integration in the control cabinet or in devices
The Industrial Wireless LAN (IWLAN) technology provides an extension to the IEEE 802.11
standard that is particularly suited to demanding industrial applications with real-time and
redundancy requirements.
For the first time customers have a single wireless network both for data critical to the
process, for example alarm signaling, (IWLAN) as well as for non-critical communication
(WLAN), for example for service and diagnostics. Some of the main features of SCALANCE
W products are the reliability of the wireless channel and their rugged design with high
standards of mechanical durability for which SIMATIC is known. To protect against
unauthorized access, the products provide modern standard mechanisms for user
identification (authentication) and encryption of data, but can also be easily integrated into
existing security concepts.
Wireless integration of PROFIBUS lines
An existing Ethernet network can be expanded by a mobile network without increased
overheads.
An existing PROFIBUS network can, for example, be connected using an access point and
the IWLAN/PB Link PN IO (see schematic below).
The wireless connection is established to the mobile stations by connecting a SCALANCE W
access point to the Ethernet network. The mobile stations are connected over wireless with a
client module, for example the SCALANCE W746-1PRO client module to which the mobile
station is connected by a cable.
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35
Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.3 Topologies of wireless networks
Access to the existing controllers or processes is possible without additional wiring.
Use of a wireless link and the roaming function means that operators can move freely within
the range of the Industrial Wireless LAN network and monitor the process from different
locations.
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36
Topologies of wireless networks with PROFIBUS
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.4 Topologies with PROFIBUS PA
2.4
Topologies with PROFIBUS PA
Bus and star topology
The topology of PROFIBUS PA may be in linear or stellar form.
SpliTConnect system
The SpliTConnect tap (T tap) allows a bus segment to be set up with end device connection
points. The SpliTConnect tap can also be cascaded with the SpliTConnect coupler to form
connection distributors. Using the SpliTConnect terminator, the tap can be expanded to form
the segment terminator.
Star
PROFIBUS PA
T tap
Bus terminator
DP/PA-Koppler
DC 24 V
Figure 2-9
PROFIBUS DP
Bus and star topology
Field distributors AFD/AFS
For more information on expanding the PA line, refer to section "Field distributors AFD/AFS
(Page 97)"
Field device supply via PROFIBUS PA
When using the DP/PA bus coupler, the power for the field devices is supplied via the data
line of PROFIBUS PA.
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.4 Topologies with PROFIBUS PA
Design
The total current of all the field devices must not exceed the maximum current of the DP/PA
coupler. The maximum output power therefore limits the number of field devices that can be
connected to PROFIBUS PA.
PROFIBUS-PA
Imax
I1
I2
I3...
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1
2
3...
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Remote power supply for field devices in the hazardous and nonhazardous area
Expansion
If the maximum output current of the DP/PA coupler is exceeded, you will need to include a
further DP/PA coupler.
Total cable length
The total cable length is the sum of the main cable and all the spur lines.
With a standard PROFIBUS PA cable with a cross-section of 0.8 mm², the maximum length
of the cable in total is
● 470 m (with the full configuration at the cable end) up to 1900 m
for DP/PA coupler (6ES7 157-0AC83-0XA0)
● 920 m to 1000 m for DP/PA coupler Ex [ia] (6ES7 157-0AD82-0XA0)
38
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Topologies of SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS networks
2.4 Topologies with PROFIBUS PA
Spur line
The maximum permitted length for spur lines can be found in the table below. You should
also remember the maximum length of the total cable (see above).
Number of spur lines
Maximum length of the spur line
DP/PA coupler
DP/PA coupler Ex [ia]
1 to 12
Max. 120 m
Max. 30 m
13 to 14
Max. 90 m
Max. 30 m
15 to 18
Max. 60 m
Max. 30 m
19 to 24
Max. 30 m
Max. 30 m
25 to 32
<1m
<1m
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Network configuration
3.1
Configuring electrical networks
3.1.1
Overview
3
PROFIBUS networks
PROFIBUS networks were specially designed for use in an industrial environment and one
of their main features is their degree of immunity to electromagnetic interference resulting in
high data integrity. To achieve this degree of immunity, certain guidelines must be adhered
to when configuring electrical networks.
Parameter
The following parameters must be taken into account when planning an electrical network:
● The transmission speed required for the task (within a network, only one uniform
transmission speed can be used)
● The required number of nodes
● The type of network components required (bus terminals, bus connectors, connecting
cables)
● The bus cables to be used
● The required segment lengths
● The electromagnetic and mechanical environment of the cabling (for example surge
voltage protection, cable trays)
● The number of RS485 repeaters between any two end devices is limited to a maximum of
9
● Increasing the overall span of a network by using several repeaters can lead to longer
transmission times that may need to be taken into account when configuring the network,
see section Frame transmission time (Page 58).
Terminator
All segments must be terminated at both ends regardless of the transmission speed. For this
purpose, the cable terminator made up of a combination of resistors must be activated in the
relevant connection elements. There must be no further cable sections after an activated
terminator.
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Network configuration
3.1 Configuring electrical networks
For a cable terminator to work it must be supplied with power. This means that the relevant
end device or RS-485 repeater must be supplied with power. As an alternative, the
PROFIBUS terminator can be used as permanent cable terminator.
Note
The power supply to terminating resistors must not be interrupted by turning off the end
device or repeater or by unplugging the bus connector or spur line. If uninterrupted power
supply to the terminating resistors cannot be guaranteed, the PROFIBUS terminator with its
own power supply must be used.
3.1.2
Segments for transmission speeds up to a maximum of 500 kbps
Transmission speeds up to a maximum of 500 kbps
The following maximum segment lengths can be implemented with the SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS cables:
Table 3- 1
Possible segment lengths
Segment length for cable type
- FC standard cable
- FC standard cable IS GP
- FC robust cable
- FC FRNC cable
- FC food cable
- FC underground cable
- SIENOPYR-FR marine cable
- FC trailing cable
- PROFIBUS flexible cable
- PROFIBUS festoon cable
- PROFIBUS torsion cable
9.6
1000 m
900 m
19.2
1000 m
900 m
45.45
1000 m
900 m
93.75
1000 m
900 m
187.5
1000 m
700 m
500
400 m
400 m
Transmission speed in
kbps
The maximum permitted number of bus attachments (end devices, repeaters, OLMs, BT12 M,...) to
one segment is 32.
Length of the spur lines
If you do not fit the bus cable directly at the bus connector (for example, when using a
PROFIBUS-DP bus terminal), you must take into account the maximum possible spur line
length.
The table below shows the maximum permitted lengths of spur lines per segment:
42
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Network configuration
3.1 Configuring electrical networks
Table 3- 2
Length of spur lines per segment
Transmission speed
3.1.3
Max. length of spur
lines per segment
Number of nodes with spur line
length of ...
1.5 m or 1.6 m
3m
9.6 to 93.75 kbps
96 m
32
32
187.5 kbps
75 m
32
25
500 kbps
30 m
20
10
Segments for a transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps
Transmission speed 1.5 Mbps
The following maximum segment length can be implemented with the SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS cable:
Table 3- 3
Possible segment lengths
Segment length for cable type
Transmission speed in
kbps
1,500
- FC standard cable
- FC standard cable IS GP
- FC robust cable
- FC FRNC cable
- FC food cable
- FC underground cable
- SIENOPYR-FR marine cable
- FC trailing cable
- PROFIBUS flexible cable
- PROFIBUS festoon cable
- PROFIBUS torsion cable
200 m
200 m
Node attachments at 1.5 Mbps
Each attachment of a node to the bus cable represents a capacitive mismatch that has no
effect at lower transmission speeds. At a transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps, however,
problems can arise due to these mismatches if the following guidelines in terms of type,
number and distribution of node attachments are not adhered to.
Weighting factors
To be able to define permitted configurations, a method is necessary with which the attached
components can be evaluated in terms of their capacitive bus load. This is achieved by
assigning weighting factors to the components (see table below).
PROFIBUS interfaces implemented as 9pin D-sub female connectors (CPs, OLMs...), do not
have their own weighting factors. These are already taken into account in the values listed in
the table.
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Network configuration
3.1 Configuring electrical networks
Table 3- 4
Weighting for segments at 1.5 Mbps
Product name
RS-485 bus terminal with 3.0 m long spur line
(order no. 6GK1 5000BA00, version 2)
1.5
RS-485 bus terminal with 1.5 m long spur line, with PG interface
1.5
(order no. 6GK1 500 0AD00 , version 2)
Bus connector with axial cable outlet (order no.: 6GK1 500-0EA02)
Bus connector with axial cable outlet for FastConnect system
(order no.: 6GK1 500-0FC10)
0.1
Bus connector with 90° cable outlet (order no.: 6ES7 972-0BA12-0XA0)
Bus connector with 90° cable outlet with PG interface
(order no.: 6ES7 972-0BB12-0XA0)
Bus connector with 90° cable outlet for FastConnect system
(order no.: 6ES7 972-0BA51-0XA0)
Bus connector with 90° cable outlet with PG interface
(order no.: 6ES7 972-0BB51-0XA0)
Bus connector with 35° cable outlet (order no.: 6ES7 972-0BA41-0XA0)
Bus connector with 35° cable outlet with PG interface
(order no.: 6ES7 972-0BB41-0XA0)
Bus terminal 12M (order no. 6GK1 500-0AA10)
0.1
RS485 repeater (attachment of bus segments) (order no. 6ES7 972-0AA01-0XA0)
0.1
Active RS-485 PROFIBUS terminator
0.1
(order no. 6ES7 972-0DA00-0AA0)
SIMATIC S5/S7 connecting cable for 12 Mbps PG attachment to PROFIBUS DP
(order no.: 6ES7 901-4BD00- 0XA0 )
0.5
Rules
At a transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps, the following rules apply to the permitted number of
nodes and their distribution/arrangement in a SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS segment:
● The maximum permitted number of nodes in any segment is 32.
● The sum of the weightings of all the connection elements in a segment must be ≤ 25.
● The rules for the distances between adjacent connection elements are as follows
(distance in this case is the length of the bus cable):
– If the distance between adjacent connection elements is greater than 10 m, the
weighting of the connection elements can be ignored.
– If the distance between adjacent connections elements is greater than the sum of the
two weighting values of the elements in meters, the arrangement is not critical and no
additional conditions need to be taken into account. The weighting value of the PG
connecting cable, SIMATIC S5/S7 connecting cable 12 Mbaud must be added to the
value of the corresponding connection element.
– If the minimum clearance described above is not kept to, a group is formed and the
following additional conditions must be adhered to:
Attachment elements can be arranged as close to each other as required providing
the sum of their weighting values does not exceed the value 5.
The distance in meters between two adjacent groups must be at least as large as the
sum of the weighting values of the two groups.
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Network configuration
3.1 Configuring electrical networks
Table 3- 5
Examples illustrating the configuration rules
> 10 m
No special conditions if the length of the bus cable between two end devices
> 10 m
S7-400
S7-300
No special conditions if the length of the bus cables between two end
devices is greater than the sum of the weighting values of both end devices.
Bus cable, for example 5 m
If a bus terminal or a bus connector has a PG interface, a connected PG
cable must be taken into account when calculating the weighting values.
5 m > 2.5 m (sum of the weighting values in
meters)
WV = 1.5 + 1.0 + 0.1 = 2.6
S7-400
PG
W = 1,0
5m
W = 1,5
W = 0,1
S7-300
Take the weighting values of a group into account if the sum of the weighting
values is greater than the bus cable between the end devices.
Bus cable, for example 0.5 m group
Elements can then be as close to each other as necessary.
0.5 m < 3 m ⇒ group formation ⇒ sum of
the weighting values ≤ 5)
The total weighting value of a group must not, however, exceed 5.
WV = 1.5 + 1.5
S7-400
S7-400
0,5 m
W = 1,5
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W = 1,5
45
Network configuration
3.1 Configuring electrical networks
3.1.4
Segments for transmission speeds up to a maximum of 12 Mbps
Transmission speeds up to a maximum of 12 Mbps
The following maximum segment length can be implemented with the SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS cable:
Table 3- 6
Possible segment lengths
Segment length for cable type
- FC standard cable
- FC standard cable IS GP
- FC robust cable
- FC FRNC cable
- FC food cable
- FC underground cable
- SIENOPYR-FR marine cable
- FC trailing cable
- PROFIBUS flexible cable
- PROFIBUS festoon cable
- PROFIBUS torsion cable
3
100 m
100 m
6
100 m
100 m
12
100 m
100 m
Transmission speed in
Mbps
When planning segments for transmission speeds from 3 Mbps to a maximum of 12 Mbps,
the following factors must be taken into account:
● The maximum length of a segment must not exceed 100 m.
● The maximum number of bus attachments (nodes, OLMs, RS485 repeaters,...) in one
segment is restricted to 32.
● The use of passive spur lines is not allowed.
● To attach end devices to bus segments, only the bus connectors permitted for 12 Mbps
or the BT12M bus terminal can be used.
● To attach a programming device or PC via a spur line, only the "SIMATIC S5/S7
connecting cable, 12 Mbps, order no. 6ES7 901-4BD00-0XA0" can be used.
Note
If several bus connectors are used at short electrical intervals (in other words, the cable
length between adjacent connectors is less than 1 m, for example several slaves in one
cabinet), you should avoid the situation where several bus connectors are disconnected
at the same time for a longer period. Disconnecting more than one bus connector does
not necessarily mean errors but may well reduce the reliability (immunity to noise) of a
segment.
46
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Network configuration
3.1 Configuring electrical networks
3.1.5
Configuring electrical networks with RS-485 repeaters
RS-485 repeater
To increase the number of nodes (>32) in a network or to extend the cable length between
two nodes, segments can be connected together using RS485 repeaters to form a network.
The following figure shows a possible combination of several segments using repeaters to
form a network.
The RS-485 repeaters support all transmission speeds from 9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps.
S7-300
OP 25
S7-300
ET-200S
PG
OP 25
Repeater
S7-300
OP 25
OP 25
ET-200M
OP 25
OP 25
ET-200S
ET-200M
Figure 3-1
Structure of an electrical PROFIBUS network using RS485 repeaters
① terminating resistor on
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
Configuration
When configuring an electrical network with RS485 repeaters, the following conditions must
be taken into account:
● The maximum segment length for a transmission speed must be adhered to (see section
Segments for transmission speeds up to a maximum of 500 kbps (Page 42),
section Segments for a transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps (Page 43), section Segments for
transmission speeds up to a maximum of 12 Mbps (Page 46)).
● The maximum number of bus attachments (stations, RS-485 repeaters, OLM) per
segment is limited to 32. There may be further restrictions at transmission speeds of
1.5 Mbps or higher (see section Segments for a transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps
(Page 43)).
● The maximum number of nodes in a network is limited to 127.
● A maximum of 9 RS485 repeaters can be installed between two nodes.
3.2
Configuring optical networks
3.2.1
Overview
Configuration parameters for optical networks
When configuring optical PROFIBUS networks, the following parameters must be taken into
account:
● Using fiberoptic cables, only pointtopoint links can be established.
● The maximum signal attenuation of the transmission path (the power budget) must be
within the permitted values.
● The minimum or maximum permitted transmission speeds of the components (only one
uniform transmission speed can be used in a network).
● The cascading rules for the components used.
● The maximum permitted number of nodes in a network.
● In largespan networks, the transmission delay time.
3.2.2
How a fiberoptic cable transmission system works
Introduction
This section describes the structure and functions of an optical transmission system. The
information here will help you to understand the rules for calculating the optical power budget
in the next section.
48
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
Transmission link
An optical transmission path consists of a transmitter, the optical fiber, and a receiver.
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Transmitter
The transmitter in an optical digital transmission system consists of a signal converter that
converts the digital signals from the electronics into a pulse type suitable for the electrooptical converter, and an electrooptical converter (E/O converter) that converts the electric
pulses to optical signals. In SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS, LEDs (LED = Light Emitting Diode)
are used as E/O converters. Generally, the LEDs are specially adapted to the various
transmission media.
Transmission media
The following types of fiber-optic cable are used as the transmission media SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS:
● Plastic fiber-optic cables
● PCF fiberoptic cables (polymer cladded fiber)
● Glass fiber-optic cables
For more detailed information about the various fiberoptic cables for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS, refer to section "Passive components for optical networks (Page 189)".
Receiver
The receiver of a digital optical transmission system consists of an optoelectric converter (a
photodiode), that converts the optical signals to electrical signals and a signal converter that
converts the electrical pulses received from the diode into signals compatible with the
connected electronics.
Attenuation
The attenuation of the transmission path is determined by the following factors:
● The choice of optical fiber
● The wavelength of the transmit diodes
● The type of connector
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
● With glass optical fibers, the number of splices (including repair splices)
● The length of the optical fiber (cable length)
● The link power margin on the link (for example for aging and temperature dependency of
the LEDs and photodiodes).
3.2.3
Optical power budget of a fiberoptic transmission system
Optical power budget
The transmitted optical power Pout and the received optical power Prec are specified in
dBm, the attenuation caused by connectors and the fiber is specified in dB.
dBm is a reference unit and describes the logarithmic ratio of the power level to the
reference power P0 = 1mW.
The following formula applies:
Px [in dBm] = 10*log(Px [in mW] / P0)
Table 3- 7
Examples
Transmit power Px
Transmit power as logarithmic
power ratio Px to Po
10 mW
+ 10 dBm
1 mW
0 dBm
1 μW
- 30 dBm
Transmitter
Depending on the fiber being used, the minimum and maximum optical power that can be
coupled into a fiber is specified. This power is reduced by the attenuation of the connected
transmission path resulting from the fiber itself (length, absorption, scattering, wavelength)
and the connectors used.
Receiver
The receiver is characterized by its optical sensitivity and its dynamic range. When
configuring an optical link, you should make sure that the power reaching the receiver does
not exceed its dynamic range. If the power falls below the minimum, this increases the bit
error rate (BER) due to the signaltonoise ratio of the receiver. If the maximum received
power is exceeded, saturation and overload effects increase pulse distortion and therefore
also increase the bit error rate.
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
Power budget
The power budget of an optical link not only takes into account the attenuation in the fiber
itself, temperature and aging effects but also the attenuation values of the connectors and
splices and therefore provides exact information about whether or not an optical link can be
implemented. The starting point for calculating the maximum transmission path length is the
minimum transmit power that can be coupled into the fiber type. To simplify matters, the
budget is calculated in dBm and dB.
The following is subtracted from the minimum transmit power:
● The attenuation of fiber aFOC [in dB/km or dB/m] (see manufacturer's data)
● The input power required at the receiver
The coupling losses at the send and receive diodes are already taken into account in the
information about the transmit power and receiver sensitivity.
Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cables
Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cables can only be used on short distances due to their relatively
high fiber attenuation. They are installed in one piece. Fiberoptic connections with couplers
or splices should not be considered since they further reduce the distance that can be
covered.
Refer to the maximum permitted cable lengths in the tables in the section "Optical power
budget" or in section "Cable lengths for plastic and PCF FO links (Page 52)".
Glass FOC
Glass FO cables can span distances in the kilometer range. It is often not possible to install
cables over such distances in one piece. The fiberoptic link must then be put together in
several cable sections.
The junctions of these sections in the form of couplers or splices always involve certain
attenuation losses.
With transmission paths using glass fiber-optic cables, the following aspects must also be
taken into account:
● The loss caused by splices
● The loss caused by connectors
● When calculating the power budget, a link power margin of at least 3 dB (at a wavelength
of 860 nm) or at least 2 dB (at a wavelength of 1300 nm) must be maintained.
Splices
Along with the splices, future repair splices must also be taken into account. Depending on
the route of the cables and the risk of mechanical damage, one or more future repairs
(approximately 1 per 500 m) should also be included in the budget. A repair always means
two splices since a new section of cable must be inserted (the length depending on the
accuracy of the test equipment).
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
System reserve
When calculating the power budget, a link power margin of at least 3 dB (at a wavelength of
860 nm) or at least 2 dB (at a wavelength of 1300 nm) must be maintained.
If the calculated link power margin is lower, the transmission path will not be reliable longterm in its currently planned form. This means that the transmission path may well function
when it is first started up since components are normally better than their rated performance
(particularly when brand new) but due to aging, replacement of components as a result of
repairs and changing environmental conditions, the bit error rate will tend to rise to an
unreliable level the longer the equipment is in use.
Note
To avoid possible errors during the installation of the transmission link, when installing glass
fibers, the installed sections must be tested prior to commissioning and the measured values
logged (see Section A2 "Testing fiber-optic cable").
Form
Section "Calculating the signal loss on glass fiber-optic links with OLMs (Page 54)" of this
manual contains a work sheet for calculating the power budget of glass fiberoptical links.
3.2.4
Cable lengths for plastic and PCF FO links
Cable lengths
The transmission distance over fiberoptic cables is not dependent on the transmission
speed.
Each node on the optical PROFIBUS network has repeater functionality so that the following
distance information relates to the distance between two adjacent, interconnected
PROFIBUS nodes.
The maximum cable length between two PROFIBUS nodes depends on the type of fiberoptic
cable used and the optical network components.
Table 3- 8
52
Permitted cable lengths with integrated optical interfaces or OBT
Fiber-optic cables
SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS
Maximum cable
lengths between two nodes
(in m)
Projected for 1 network
(= 32 nodes) (in m)
Plastic fiberoptic,
duplex cord
50
1550
Plastic fiberoptic,
standard cable
50
1550
PCF fiberoptic,
standard cable
300
9300
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
Table 3- 9
Permitted cable lengths in an OLM network
Fiber-optic cables
SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS
Maximum cable
lengths between two nodes
(in m)
Projected for 1 network
(= 32 nodes) (in m)
Plastic fiberoptic,
duplex cord
50
1550
Plastic fiberoptic,
standard cable
80
2480
PCF fiberoptic,
standard cable
400
12400
Note
An optical bus can contain a maximum of 32 integrated optical interfaces in series.
Several buses of up to 32 integrated optical interfaces can only be linked via OBTs (optical
repeaters).
In optical networks (bus, star, ring) containing only OLMs, the number of OLMs is limited to
122.
The number of all optical components (integrated interfaces, OBTs, OLMs) in the optical
PROFIBUS network must be specified in the configuration tool as the "Number of OLM,
OBT" parameter (see Section Frame transmission time (Page 58)). This number must not
exceed 122.
Mixing plastic fiberoptic and PCF fiberoptic
To make the best use of the different cable lengths, the plastic fiberoptic cables and PCF
fiberoptic cables can be mixed.
For example, you can use plastic fiber-optic cable for local connections between distributed
DP slaves (distance < 50 m) and PCF fiber-optic cable for the connection between the DP
master and the first DP slave in the bus topology (distance > 50 m).
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53
Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
3.2.5
Calculating the signal loss on glass fiber-optic links with OLMs
Calculation examples
The following work sheets show typical calculations of the power budget for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS glass optical fibers, one with OLM/G11, OLM/G12 at a wavelength of 860 nm
and one with OLM/G111300 and OLM/G121300 at a wavelength of 1300 nm.
Note
Please note that the information on fiber attenuation in the data sheets and type
specifications of fiberoptic cables is based on measurements with narrowband laser light
sources precisely adapted to the wavelengths.
The LED transmission elements used in practice produce a wider band spectrum whose mid
frequency deviates slightly from the measured wavelength.
You should therefore use the following attenuation values on all connections with SIMATIC
NET multimode glass fiberoptic cable between SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS components:
3.5 dB/km at 860 nm
1.0 dB/km at 1310 nm
Note
The following distances between 2 OLMs must not be exceeded regardless of the optical
power budget:
OLM/P11, OLM/P12 400 m
OLM/G11, OLM/G12, OLM/G12-EEC 3 km
OLM/G11-1300, OLM/G12-1300 15 km
54
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
Power budget for OLM/G11, G12 for a pointtopoint link with the wavelength
λ= 860 nm
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55
Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
Power budget for OLM G111300, G121300 for one pointtopoint link at wavelength l = 1310 nm
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cable type but is approximately 3 km per drum. Longer links must therefore be put together
using more than one piece of cable. To connect the sections of cable, coupling elements or
splices must be used reducing the maximum possible cable length due to their attenuation.
56
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Network configuration
3.2 Configuring optical networks
Sheet for a power budget calculation using OLMs
Attenuation for the OLM/G11, G12, G11-1300 or G12-1300 for one pointtopoint link with
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
3.3
Frame transmission time
3.3.1
Overview
Dependency of the system reaction time
The system reaction time of a PROFIBUS network depends on the following:
● The type of system being used (single or multiple master system)
● The maximum reaction time of the individual nodes
● The amount of data to be transmitted
● The bus configuration (topology, cable lengths, active network components)
The setting of the bus parameters (configuration) to the particular PROFIBUS network using
configuration software such as COM PROFIBUS or STEP 7.
Using optical link modules, extremely large PROFIBUS networks can be created. These
allow the use of long optical fiber links and the cascading of large numbers of components.
Each time the data packet passes through an OLM there is a delay.
Due to the delays caused by cables and network components and the monitoring
mechanisms in the network components, the PROFIBUS network parameter "Slot Time"
must be adapted to the network span, the network topology and the transmission speed.
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
3.3.2
Configuring optical buses and star topologies with OLMs
Creating a system overview
You configure the PROFIBUS network, for example with SIMATIC STEP 7. The busspecific
configuration begins with the creation of the system overview in the hardware configuration
dialog "HW Config" of STEP 7.
Figure 3-3
"HW Config" dialog in STEP 7
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
Setting the PROFIBUS properties
In the "Properties - PROFIBUS" dialog, you can set the highest station address (HSA), the
transmission speed and the bus profile.
Figure 3-4
60
"Properties - PROFIBUS" dialog
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
Entering the cabling configuration
You can make the settings for the cabling configuration (number of OLMs, cable length) in
"Options" → "Cables".
Figure 3-5
"Options" → "Cables" input dialog
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
Checking the bus parameters
Based on the entries made, the configuration tool can check whether the slot time is feasible
in the selected communication profile. If the additional delays of OLM and FO cables mean
that the system would exceed the value, the parameters are adapted. The newly calculated
bus parameters are displayed in the "Bus Parameters" dialog.
Figure 3-6
3.3.3
Bus parameters adapted to the system
Configuring redundant optical rings with OLMs
Configuring redundant optical rings with OLMs
The following configuration conditions must be satisfied in redundant optical rings:
● An unused address lower than the HSA (Highest Station Address)
● Increased retry value to at least the value 3
● Checked and adapted slot time
To set the parameters in 2. and 3., use the user-specific profile of the configuration tool.
There is an example of applying the bus parameters in STEP 7 at the end of this section.
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
An unused address lower than the HSA
The value of the HSA (Highest Station Address) parameter must be set on all end devices so
that there is at least one address in the network between bus address 0 and the value of
HSA that is not used by a node; in other words, there is an address gap. You can create this
address gap simply by increasing the value of the HSA parameter to one higher than the
highest node address in the network.
Note
If this condition is not or is no longer satisfied, the optical bus will no longer close to form a
redundant optical ring following segmentation. The fault message (LED and signaling
contact) of the two OLMs affected is not canceled even after the fault has been eliminated.
Increased retry value to at least the value 3
If a fault occurs requiring a failover (for example a wire break), there is a failover time during
which correct data transmission is not possible. To ensure a "bumpless" failover for the
application, it is advisable to set the number of frame retries on the PROFIBUS master to at
least 3.
Checked and adapted slot time
To allow a “bumpless" return from the optical bus to the optical ring after the fault has been
eliminated, there must be no frame on the network at the failback time. The network is briefly
free of frames when a master addresses a device whose address is configured but does not
actually exist.
The master waits for a response until the configured slot time has elapsed. The OLM
recognizes this frame-free state and closes the optical bus in the middle of this polling
sequence to form the optical ring again.
The slot time must be set to approximately twice the value it would be in a non-redundant
network.
Calculate the slot time according to the following formula:
Slot time = a + (b x length of FOC) + (c x number of OLMs)
Slot time is the monitoring time in bit times
Length of FOC is the sum of all FO cables (segment lengths) in the network. The lengths
must be specified in km.
Number of OLMs is the number of PROFIBUS OLMs in the network
The factors a, b and c depend on the transmission speed and can be found in the following
tables.
Table 3- 10
Constants for calculating the slot time with the DP standard (redundant optical ring)
Transmission
speed
a
b
c
12 Mbps
1651
240
28
6 Mbps
951
120
24
3 Mbps
551
60
24
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
Transmission
speed
a
b
c
1.5 Mbps
351
30
24
500 kbps
251
10
24
187.5 kbps
171
3.75
24
93.75 kbps
171
1.875
24
45.45 kbps
851
0.909
24
19.2 kbps
171
0.384
24
9.6 kbps
171
0.192
24
Table 3- 11
Constants for calculating the slot time with DP/FMS ("Universal") and DP with S5-95U
(redundant optical ring)
Transmission
speed
a
b
c
12 Mbps
1651
240
28
6 Mbps
951
120
24
3 Mbps
551
60
24
1.5 Mbps
2011
30
24
500 kbps
771
10
24
187.5 kbps
771
3.75
24
93.75 kbps
451
1.875
24
45.45 kbps
851
0.909
24
19.2 kbps
181
0.384
24
9.6 kbps
171
0.192
24
Note
The slot time calculation takes into account only the optical network and the attachment of
nodes to the OLM in each case via a maximum 20 m long RS485 bus segment. Longer RS485 bus segments must be included by adding them to the length of FOC.
With the OLM/G111300 and OLM/G121300, the minimum slot times shown in the following
table must be maintained at transmission speeds of 12 Mbps, 6 Mbps, 3 Mbps and
1.5 Mbps.
Table 3- 12
64
Minimum slot time for OLM/G111300 and OLM/G121300
Transmission speed
Minimum slot time
12 Mbps
3800 tBit
6 Mbps
2000 tBit
3 Mbps
1000 tBit
1.5 Mbps
530 tBit
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
If the slot time is lower than the minimum slot time, use the minimum slot time according the
table above for the slot time you are configuring.
Note
If the slot time is configured with a value that is too low, this can lead to malfunctions and
error displays on the OLM. The system LED flashes red/green.
3.3.4
Example of configuring the bus parameters in STEP 7
Structure of the network example
The example assumes a redundant optical ring with the following structure:
● 20 OLM G12 modules in the redundant optical ring
● 20 km total ring length
● Transmission speed 1.5 Mbps
● Nodes attached directly to OLMs
● "PROFIBUSDP" bus protocol
Calculating the slot time
For the transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps selected in the example, Section "Cable lengths for
plastic and PCF FO links (Page 52)" lists the following values
a = 351
b = 30
c = 24
From this, the slot time is calculated as follows:
Slot time = 351 + (30 x 20) + (24 x 20) = 1431
Entering the bus parameters
This means that the following 3 bus parameters must be entered for the example:
Slot time (T_slot_Init) = 1431
Number of retries (Retry_Limit) = 3
Highest station address (HSA) = 126 (default setting)
These values are entered in STEP 7 in the "Bus Parameters" dialog for the "UserDefined"
bus profile.
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Network configuration
3.3 Frame transmission time
You must then trigger the recalculation of the bus parameters with the "Recalculate" button.
Note
Since the formula includes the delays of all fiberoptic and RS485 cables, the "Consider cable
configuration" check box must not be activated in the "Options" -> "Cables" dialog.
Figure 3-7
66
"Bus Parameters/UserDefined" dialog in STEP 7
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Active components
4.1
Active components for RS485 networks
4.1.1
485 repeater
4.1.1.1
Functions and properties of the RS-485 repeater
4
What is an RS485 repeater?
The RS 485 repeater amplifies data signals on bus lines and couples bus segments.
Use of the RS-485 repeater (6ES7 972-0AA01-0XA0)
The RS-485 IP 20 repeater connects two PROFIBUS or MPI bus segments using RS-485
technology with a maximum of 32 nodes. It allows transmission rates from 9.6 kbps to 12
Mbps.
You require an RS-485 repeater when:
● There are more than 32 stations (maximum 127, including repeaters) connected to the
bus
● Bus segments are operated ungrounded on the bus (electrical isolation of segments), or
● The maximum cable length of a segment is exceeded
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Active components
4.1 Active components for RS485 networks
● Help is required during commissioning
– Switch for disconnecting segments
– Display of bus activity
– Disconnecting a segment when the terminator is incorrectly activated
● The signal amplitude and time need to be regenerated
Figure 4-1
RS-485 repeater
Please note that there is also a diagnostics repeater that in addition to the normal repeater
functionality provides extensive diagnostics functions for troubleshooting the physical cable,
see Section Diagnostics repeater for PROFIBUS DP (Page 77)
Rule
If you want to install a PROFIBUS network with RS485 repeaters, you can connect a
maximum of nine RS485 repeaters in series.
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Active components
4.1 Active components for RS485 networks
Design of the RS-485 repeater
Table 4- 1
Description and functions of the RS-485 repeater
Description and functions of the RS
485 repeater
DC
24 V
L+ M PE M 5.2
No.
Function
1
Connection for the RS-485 repeater power supply (pin "M5.2" is the ground
reference, if you want to measure the voltage difference between terminals
"A2" and "B2").
2
Shielding clamp for strain relief and grounding of the bus cable of bus
segments 1 or 2
3
Terminals for the bus cable of bus segment 1
4
Terminating resistor for bus segment 1 )1
5
Switch for OFF state
A1 B1 A1 B1
ON
PG
DP1
(= Disconnect bus segments 1 and 2, for example, during commissioning)
OFF
OP
DP2
ON
SIEMENS
RS 485-REPEATER
A2 B2 A2
B2
6
Terminating resistor for bus segment 2 )1
7
Terminals for the bus cable of bus segment 2
8
Slide for mounting and removing the RS-485 repeater on a DIN rail
9
Interface for PG/OP on bus segment 1
10
LED 24V power supply
11
LED indicating bus activity on segment 1
12
LED indicating bus activity on segment 2
)1 If the terminating resistor is activated, the right-hand bus terminals are disconnected
Note
Pin M5.2 of the power supply is used as the ground reference for signal measurements if
problems occur and must not be connected up.
Technical specifications
Table 4- 2
Technical specifications of the RS-485 repeater
Power supply
Rated voltage
24 V DC
Ripple (static limit)
20.4 V DC to 28.8 V DC
Current consumption at rated voltage
Without load on PG/OP socket
200 mA
Load on PG/OP socket (5 V/90 mA)
230 mA
Load on PG/OP socket (24 V/100 mA)
300 mA
Connectors
• Bus cables
• Power supply
2 terminal blocks
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69
Active components
4.1 Active components for RS485 networks
Galvanic isolation
Yes, 500 V AC
Transmission spped (detected automatically by
repeater)
9.6 kbps, 19.2 kbps, 45.45 kbps, 93.75 kbps,
187.5 kbps, 500 kbps, 1.5 Mbps, 3 Mbps,
6 Mbps, 12 Mbps
Operating temperature
0 °C to 60 °C
Storage temperature
40 °C to 70 °C
Relative humidity (operation)
95% at 25 °C
Type of protection
IP20
Dimensions W x H x D (mm)
45 x 128 x 67
Weight (including packaging)
350 g
Table 4- 3
Relationship between transmission rate and maximum segment length
Transmission rate
Segment length
9.6 kbps
1000 m
19.2 kbps
1000 m
45.45 kbps
1000 m
93.75 kbps
1000 m
187.5 kbps
1000 m
500 kbps
400 m
1,500 kbps
200 m
3,000 kbps
100 m
6,000 kbps
100 m
12,000 kbps
100 m
Pin assignment of the D-sub connector (PG/OP socket)
Table 4- 4
View
5
4
9
8
1
70
Pin no.
Signal name
Description
1
-
-
2
M24V
24 V ground
3
RxD/TxD-P
Data line B
4
RTS
Request To Send
5
M5V2
Data reference potential (station)
7
6
P5V2
Supply plus (station)
6
7
P24V
24 V
8
RxD/TxD-N
Data line A
9
-
-
3
2
Pin assignment of the 9-pin D-sub connector (PG/OP socket)
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Block diagram
The following figure shows a diagram of the RS-485 repeater:
● Bus segments 1 and 2 are electrically isolated.
● Bus segment 2 and the PG/OP socket are electrically isolated from each other.
● Signals are amplified
– Between bus segments 1 and 2
– Between PG/OP socket and bus segment 2
Segment 1
A1
B1
A1
Segment 2
A2
B2
A2
Logik
B2
B1
PG/OP
socket
L+ (24 V)
M
A1
B1
5V
M5 V
Figure 4-2
4.1.1.2
5V
24V
1M 5V
1M
24V
L+ (24 V)
M
PE
M 5.2
Diagram of the RS-485 repeater
Configuration options with the RS-485 repeater
Overview
The following section explains the configurations in which you can use the RS485 repeater:
● Segment 1 and segment 2 terminated on RS-485 repeater
● Segment 1 terminated on RS-485 repeater and segment 2 looped through on RS-485
repeater
and
● Segment 1 and segment 2 looped through on RS-485 repeater
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Terminating resistor on/off
the following figure shows the setting for the terminating resistor:
Terminating resistor
activated
Figure 4-3
on
Terminating resistor
NOT activated
on
Setting of the terminating resistor
Segments 1 and 2 terminated
The following figure shows how to connect the RS485 repeater to the ends between two
segments:
Segment 1
Segment 1
Terminating resistor
Bus segment 1
activate!
Segment 2
R
Terminating resistor
Bus segment 2
activate!
Segment 2
Figure 4-4
72
Connection of two bus segments with an RS-485 repeater
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Segment 1 terminated, segment 2 connected through
The following figure shows the connection between two segments via an RS485 repeater
with one segment connected through:
Segment 1
Segment 1
Terminating resistor
Bus segment 1
activate!
R
Segment 2
Terminating resistor
Bus segment 2
off!
Segment 2
Figure 4-5
Connection of two bus segments with an RS-485 repeater
Segments 1 and 2 connected through
The following figure shows the connection between two segments via an RS485 repeater
with each bus cable connected through:
Segment 1
Segment 1
R
Segment 2
Terminating resistor
Bus segment 1
off!
Terminating resistor
Bus segment 2
off!
Segment 2
Figure 4-6
Connection of two bus segments with an RS-485 repeater
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Note
If you turn off the power supply of a complete segment, the terminating resistors of the
connected nodes are also without power supply. This can lead to disruptions or undefined
signal states in this segment that are not recognized by the repeater and can then lead to
problems in the other segment.
Whenever possible, we recommend the following procedure:
• Alternative 1:
Disconnect the two segments before turning off the power supply using switch 5 (Table
"Description and functions of the RS485 repeater") on the repeater (set to "OFF").
• Alternative 2:
Connect the repeater to the power supply of the segment to be turned off so that the
repeater is also turned off. In this case, make sure that the repeater is not at the end of
the previous segment, since the repeater then acts as the terminator which has no effect
if there is no power supply. If this solution is required, use a PROFIBUS terminator with a
permanent power supply after the repeater.
• Alternative 3:
If you want the repeater to retain its power supply, use PROFIBUS terminators to
terminate the segment you want to turn off since these also require a permanent power
supply. You require 1 terminator if the bus segment to be turned off ends at the repeater,
otherwise you require 2 terminators.
4.1.1.3
Installing and uninstalling the RS-485 repeater
Overview
You can install the RS-485 repeater as follows:
● On an S7300 rail
or
● On a standard rail (order number 6ES5 7108MA..)
Installation on an S7-300 rail
To install the RS485 repeater on an S7300 rail, the catch on the rear of the RS485 repeater
must first be removed (see Figure 5-6):
● Insert a screwdriver below the tongue of the catch (1) and
● Push the screwdriver towards the rear of the module (2). Hold the screwdriver in this
position!
Result: The catch of the RS-485 repeater is released.
● With your free hand lift the catch up as far as it will go and then remove the catch (3).
Result: The catch is removed from the RS-485 repeater.
● Fit the RS485 repeater onto the S7300 rail (4).
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● Push it towards the back as far as it will go (5).
● Tighten the securing screw with a torque of 80 to 110 Ncm (6).
Rear:
Front:
4
2
1
3
5
6
Figure 4-7
80 to 1 10 Ncm
Installing the RS-485 repeater on an S7-300 rail
Removing the repeater from an S7300 rail
To remove the RS485 repeater from the S7300 rail:
● Loosen the securing screw of the RS-485 repeater (1) and
● Pull the RS485 repeater out and up (2).
1
Figure 4-8
2
Removing the RS-485 repeater from the S7-300 rail
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Installation on a standard rail
To be able to install the repeater on a standard rail, the catch must be present on the back of
the RS485 repeater:
● Fit the RS485 repeater onto the standard rail from above and
● Push it towards the back until the catch locks it in place.
Removal from the standard rail
To remove the RS-485 repeater from the standard rail:
● Press down the catch on the bottom of the RS485 repeater using a screwdriver and
● Pull the RS485 repeater out and upwards to remove it from the standard rail.
4.1.1.4
Ungrounded operation of the RS-485 repeater
Ungrounded operation
Ungrounded operation means that chassis and PE are not connected.
Ungrounded operation of the RS485 repeater allows you to operate electrically isolated bus
segments.
The figure shows the change in the voltage relationships resulting from using the RS-485
repeater.
6LJQDOVXQJURXQGHG
6LJQDOVJURXQGHG
Figure 4-9
4.1.1.5
Ungrounded operation of bus segments
Connecting the power supply
Cable type
To connect the 24 V DC power supply, use flexible cables with a cross section of 0.25 mm2
to 2.5 mm2 (AWG 26 to 14).
Connecting the power supply
To connect the power supply of the RS-485 repeater:
● Strip the insulation from the cable for the 24 V DC power supply.
● Connect the cable to terminals "L+", "M" and "PE".
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4.1.1.6
Connecting the bus cable
All the bus cables described in Chapter 4 are suitable for connection to the RS485 repeater.
Connecting the PROFIBUS cable
Connect the PROFIBUS cable to the RS485 repeater, as follows:
● Cut the PROFIBUS cable to the required length.
● Strip the insulation from the PROFIBUS cable as shown the figure.
The braid shield must be folded back on to the cable. Only then can the shield clamp serve
as strain relief and as the shield contact.
HJVWDQGDUGFDEOH
;9෥(+
HJXQGHUJURXQGFDEOH
;9෥)+
6,(0(16
6,(0(16
)ROGEUDLGVKLHOGEDFNRYHU
RXWHUMDFNHW
Figure 4-10
Stripping length for connecting to the RS-485 repeater
● Connect the PROFIBUS cable to the RS-485 repeater:
Connect the same wires (green/red for the PROFIBUS cable) to the same terminal A or B
(in other words always connect terminal A with a green wire and terminal B with a red
wire or vice versa).
● Tighten the shield clamps so that the shield makes good contact with the clamp.
4.1.2
Diagnostics repeater for PROFIBUS DP
What is a diagnostic repeater?
A diagnostic repeater is a repeater capable of monitoring the segment of an RS-485
PROFIBUS subnet (copper cable) during normal operation and report line faults in a
diagnostic frame to the DP master. Using STEP 7, COM PROFIBUS and with HMI devices
(SIMATIC HMI), the location of the problem and the cause can be displayed in plain
language.
The diagnostic repeater allows cable faults to be detected, located and visualized early by
means of cable diagnostics during normal operation. This means that problems in the
system can be detected in good time and downtimes minimized.
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Properties of the diagnostic repeater
The diagnostic repeater performs the following tasks:
● Diagnostic function for two PROFIBUS segments (DP2 and DP3):
The diagnostic function supplies the location and cause of cable problems such as wire
breaks or missing terminating resistors. The location of the problem is specified relative to
the existing nodes, for example "short circuit of signal line A to shield between node 12
and 13".
● Repeater function for three PROFIBUS segments (DP1, DP2, DP3):
The diagnostic repeater amplifies data signals on bus cables and connects individual RS485 segments.
● Support when reading out the stored topology table and visualization of the bus topology
with STEP 7.
● Support when reading out the stored diagnostic and statistical information.
● Provides a clock that can be set and read be the user program.
● Provides monitoring functions of PROFIBUS in isochronous mode.
● Provides identification data.
● PG interface electrically isolated from the other bus segments, removing/inserting the PG
connecting cable does not cause disturbances on the other PROFIBUS DP segments
even at high transmission speeds.
● The diagnostic repeater is a DP slave with degree of protection *IP20.
Application of the diagnostic repeater
A diagnostic repeater is necessary for the following:
● Cable diagnostics of a PROFIBUS network during ongoing operation
● Attachment of more than 32 nodes on the bus
● Implementation of branches
● Electrical isolation of two segments
● Ungrounded operation of bus segments
● Visualization of bus topology with STEP 7 as of V5.2.
Order no.
6ES7 972-0AB01-0XA0
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Design of the diagnostic repeater
Figure 4-11
Diagnostic repeater
The diagnostic repeater is integrated into the bus system as a PROFIBUS DP standard
slave. It allows the following:
● Monitoring of 2 PROFIBUS DP segments
● Max. 31 stations per segment (max. 62 stations per diagnostics repeater)
● Maximum segment length of each segment 100 m
● Configuration of up to 9 diagnostic repeaters in series
Use only approved bus connectors on the segments capable of diagnostics
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1 Status and fault LEDs
2 Switch for setting the PROFIBUS address
3 Switch for enabling the repeater function
4 Rotary switch for disconnecting the DP3 segment
5 Interface for PG with integrated terminating resistor
6 Rotary switch for temptation resistor for the DP1 segment
7 Terminal A1/B1 for the incoming bus cable of segment DP1
8 Terminal A1'/B1' for the outgoing bus cable of segment DP1
9 Version of the firmware and order number
10 Power supply connector
11 Terminal A2/B2 for the bus cable of segment DP2, with measuring circuit for line
diagnostics
12 Terminal A3/B3 for the bus cable of segment DP3, with measuring circuit for line
diagnostics
13 Securing screws for installation on S7-300 rail
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Technical specifications
Table 4- 5
Technical specifications of the diagnostic repeater
Power supply
Rated voltage
24 V DC
Ripple (static limit)
20.4 V DC to 28.8 V DC
Connectors
Power supply
FastConnect insulation-piercing technique, 10
piercing cycles possible
Transmission speed
9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps
Permissible ambient temperature
0° C to 60° C
Storage temperature
-40 to +70 °C
Relative humidity (operation)
95 % at 25° C
Bus cables
4.1.3
Terminal block
Type of protection
IP20
Dimensions W x H x D (mm)
80 x 125 x 67.5
Weight
300 g
PROFIBUS terminator (active RS485 terminator)
What is a PROFIBUS terminator?
The PROFIBUS terminator provides active termination for the bus. The main advantage of
this is that bus nodes can be switched off, removed or replaced without impacting data
transfer. This applies in particular to the nodes at both ends of the bus cable on which the
terminating resistors normally have to activated and supplied with power. The PROFIBUS
terminator can be installed on a standard rail.
Order no.
6ES7 972-0DA00-0AA0
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Design of the PROFIBUS terminator
Design of the PROFIBUS terminator
SIEMENS
PROFIBUS
TERMINATOR
1
DC
24 V
2
L+ M PE
A1 B1
3
No.
Function
1
LED 24 V power supply
2
Connection for 24 V DC power supply
3
PROFIBUS connection
4
Shield clamp to ground the braid shield and for strain
relief of the bus cable
5
Grounding screw
6
Cable clamp for strain relief of the power supply
cable
4
6
6ES7 972−0DA00−0AA0
5
Technical specifications
Table 4- 6
Technical specifications of the PROFIBUS terminator
Power supply
S Rated voltage
24 V DC
S Ripple (static limit)
20.4 V DC to 28.8 V DC
Current consumption at rated voltage
Max. 25 mA
Isolation
yes, 600 V DC
Transmission speed
9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps
Type of protection
IP20
Permissible ambient temperature
0° C to 60° C
Storage temperature
-40 to +70 °C
Connectable cables; power supply
Screw mechanism;
Flexible cables
with end sleeve
0.25 mm2 to 1.5 mm2
without end sleeve
0.14 mm2 to 2.5 mm2
Solid conductors
0.14 mm2 to 2.5 mm2
Connectable cables; PROFIBUS
Screw mechanism; all SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables
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Dimensions W x H x D (mm)
60 x 70 x 43
Weight (including packaging)
95 g
Connecting the PROFIBUS cable
Connect the PROFIBUS cable to the PROFIBUS terminator, as follows:
● Cut the PROFIBUS cable to the required length.
● Strip the insulation from the PROFIBUS cable as shown in Figure 5-10.
The braid shield must be folded back on to the cable. Only then can the shield clamp
serve as strain relief and as the shield contact.
HJVWDQGDUGFDEOH
;9෥(+
6,(0(16
HJXQGHUJURXQGFDEOH
;9෥)+
6,(0(16
)ROGEUDLGVKLHOGEDFNRYHU
RXWHUMDFNHW
Figure 4-12
Stripping length for connecting to the PROFIBUS terminator
● Connect the PROFIBUS cable to the PROFIBUS terminator:
Connect the same wires (green/red for the PROFIBUS cable) to the same terminal A or B
(in other words always connect terminal A with a green wire and terminal B with a red
wire or vice versa).
● Tighten the shield clamps so that the shield makes good contact with the clamp.
Note
When installing the segment, make sure that no terminating resistor is activated on the
bus connectors if the two PROFIBUS terminators are included in the
PROFIBUS segment.
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4.2
Active components for optical networks
4.2.1
Optical bus terminal OBT
Figure 4-13
Optical bus terminal (OBT)
Area of application
The OBT (Optical Bus Terminal) is used to attach a single PROFIBUS node without an
integrated optical interface or a PROFIBUS RS485 segment with up to 31 nodes to the
optical PROFIBUS. The OBT therefore provides the advantages of optical data transmission
for existing DP devices.
The RS-485 interface of an individual PROFIBUS DP node is connected via a cable
terminated at both ends (for example connecting cable 830-1T) to the RS-485 interface of
the OBT. The OBT is integrated into the optical line using two optical interfaces.
The following optical transmission media can be connected to the OBT:
● Plastic fiber-optic cables can be used up to an individual segment length of 50 m. They
can be assembled easily on site by fitting 2 x 2 simplex connectors.
● PCF fiberoptic cables can be used for distances up to 300 m. These cables are
preassembled.
Design
The OBT has a compact plastic housing. It is suitable for mounting on a DIN rail or for wall
mounting using two holes drilled through it.
The OBT has the following connectors:
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● 9pin D-sub female connector for connection of a PROFIBUS RS485 segment with nodes
such as programming devices (PG), PCs, operator panels (OP) or nodes without an
integrated optical interface, for example an ET 200B or DP components of other
manufacturers
● Two optical interfaces for attaching plastic and PCF fiberoptic cables with simplex
connectors (connection to CP 3425 FO, IM 467 FO or ET 200 with an integrated optical
interface)
● 24 V DC connector for power supply
Functions
● Attachment of a PROFIBUS RS485 segment
● Provides an electrical attachment to the optical PROFIBUS (for example a PG attachment
for commissioning and diagnostics)
● Supports all PROFIBUS transmission speeds from 9.6 kbps to 1.5 Mbps and 12 Mbps
● Regeneration of the signals in amplitude and time
● Cascading depth when using user-defined bus parameters up to 126 nodes
● Electrical isolation of the DP node via fiberoptic cable
● Simple diagnostics via LED display for operating voltage and for receipt of data CH1,
CH2 and CH3.
Table 4- 7
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
PROFIBUS OBT
6GK1 500-3AA00
Optical bus terminal for attachment of a
PROFIBUS RS485 segment to an optical bus
without simplex connector
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4.2.2
Optical Link Module OLM
Figure 4-14
Optical Link Module (OLM)
Area of application
With the PROFIBUS OLM (Optical Link Module), Version 4, PROFIBUS networks can be
implemented as bus, star and redundant ring structures.
The transmission rate of a fiberoptic path is not dependent on the distance and can range
from 9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps.
OLMs can be used in system buses based on PROFIBUS, interbuilding networks with glass
fiberoptic cables, mixed networks with electrical and optical segments, largespan networks
(road tunnel, traffic control systems), networks in which high availability is required
(redundant ring networks) etc.
Design
OLMs are available with one or two fiberoptic interfaces for different types of fiberoptic cable:
● Plastic fiber-optic cables (980/1000 µm) can be used for single lengths of up to 80 m.
They can be fitted with BFOC connectors on site.
● PCF fiber-optic cables (200/230 µm) can be used for single lengths of up to 400 m. They
are offered preassembled with four BFOC plugs and an insertion tool.
● Glass fiber multimode fiber-optic cables (62.5/125 µm) such as the SIMATIC NET fiberoptic cables can be used for long distances of up to 3000 m. They must be ordered
preassembled with 4 BFOC connectors and are tested before they are supplied.
● Single mode fiberoptic cables (10/125 μm fibers) can be used for extremely long
distances of up to 15 km. These are available on request.
OLMs can be combined via an RS485 interface and individual nodes or entire electrical
segments can be included in the PROFIBUS network.
Version 4 OLMs support all PROFIBUS transmission speeds up to 12 Mbps.
They have a compact metal casing. They are suitable for installation on a DIN rail or for fixed
mounting. When installed vertically, OLMs can be placed sidebyside needing gaps between
them.
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Functions
Automatic detection of all PROFIBUS data rates: 9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps including 45.45 kbps
(PROFIBUS PA)
● Setup of the following network topologies:
Bus, star, redundant ring
● High availability due to media redundancy. Distance between two OLMs in the redundant
ring limited only by the maximum optical distance.
● Attachment to different types of fiberoptic transmission media (one or two optical
interfaces, BFOC connectors)
● Isolated RS485 interface with segment capability (D-sub female connector)
● Unrestricted multi-master operation:
Expanded segmentation functions for localization of faults on fiber-optic and RS-485
segments
● Fast localization of faults:
– Indication of module status by floating signaling contact
– Checking the fiber-optic cable link quality Measurement output for optical receiver for
logging and checking of the fiber optic signal quality with a voltmeter
● High cascading depth:
Line and redundant ring up to 122 OLMs (only limited by monitoring times)
● 24 V DC power supply with redundant power supply option
● Line quality display with multicolor LEDs per optical channel
Note
The optical ports of the OLMs are optimized for greater distances. The direct coupling of
the optical ports of an OLM with an OBT or integrated optical ports is not possible due to
differences in the technical specifications.
Table 4- 8
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
PROFIBUS OLM/P11
6GK1 503-2CA00
Optical Link Module with 1 x RS485 and 1 x plastic FO interface, with signaling
contact and measurement output
PROFIBUS OLM/P12
6GK1 503-3CA00
Optical Link Module with 1 x RS485 and 2 x plastic FO interfaces, with
signaling contact and measurement output
PROFIBUS OLM/G11
6GK1 503-2CB00
Optical Link Module with 1 x RS485 and 1 x glass FO interface, for standard
distances, with signaling contact and measurement output
PROFIBUS OLM/G12
6GK1 503-3CB00
Optical Link Module with 1 x RS485 and 2 x glass FO interface, for standard
distances, with signaling contact and measurement output
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Ordering data
Order no.
PROFIBUS OLM/G12 EEC
6GK1 503-3CD00
Optical link module with 1 x RS 485 and 2 x glass fiber-optic interface (4 BFOC
sockets), for standard distances up to 3,000 m, for extended temperature range
–20 °C to +60 °C, with signaling contact and measuring output
PROFIBUS OLM/G11-1300
6GK1 503-2CC00
Optical Link Module with 1 x RS485 and 1 x glass FO interface, for long
distances, with signaling contact and measurement output
PROFIBUS OLM/G12-1300
6GK1 503-3CC00
Optical Link Module with 1 x RS485 and 2 x glass FO interface, for long
distances, with signaling contact and measurement output
Compatibility with predecessor versions
In mixed operation with SINEC L2 Optical Link Modules SINEC L2FO OLM/P3, OLM/P4,
OLM/S3, OLM/S4, OLM/S3-1300 and OLM/S4-1300 with OLM V4.0, the functional
compatibility must be enabled on the OLM V4.0 (DIL switch).
Enable functional compatibility only when the OLM V4.0 is used as a replacement or
expansion device in existing networks with SINEC L2FO OLMs and a direct optical link is
required. To interconnect OLM V3 and OLM V4.0, the functional compatibility must be
disabled because these devices are compatible with each other.
Further information
You will find more detailed information on the OLM in the IK PI catalog and on the Internet
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/24164176).
4.3
Active components for connecting two PROFIBUS networks
4.3.1
DP/DP coupler
Area of application
The PROFIBUS DP/DP coupler is used to link two PROFIBUS DP networks together. Data
(0 to 244 bytes) is transmitted from the DP master of a first network to the DP master of
another network and viceversa.
This principle corresponds to the hardwiring of inputs and outputs. The coupler has two
independent DP interfaces via which the connection to the two DP networks is established.
The DP/DP coupler represents a slave in each DP network. Data is exchanged between the
two DP networks by copying internally in the coupler.
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Figure 4-15
DP/DP coupler
Design
The DP/DP coupler is installed in a compact, 40 mm wide housing.
The module can be installed (vertically when possible) on a standard rail with no gaps being
necessary.
The coupler is connected to PROFIBUS DP networks via an integrated 9-pin D-sub
connector.
Slave
ET 200M
Master
S7 300
Master
OP 25
Master
S7-400
DP/DP
coupler
2
2
2
2
Master
PG/PC/OP
Slave
ET 200M
2
2
Figure 4-16
Example of a configuration with the DP/DP coupler
① Terminator activated
2 PROFIBUS bus cable
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Function
The DP/DP coupler continuously copies the output data of one network to the input data of
the other network (and vice versa).
● Exchange of a maximum of 244 bytes of input and output data, in each case with up to
128 bytes consistent
● Maximum of 16 input/output ranges for the exchange of data
● If one side fails, the outputs of the other side are held at the last value
● Support of DPV1 with full diagnostics
● The DP/DP coupler can be set either using switches or with STEP 7
● Different baud rate settings are possible
● Electrical isolation between the two DP networks
● Two-way power supply
Parameter assignment
The PROFIBUS DP addresses are set by using two DIL switches on the top of the device.
The configuration is set using the GSD file and the configuration tool of the attached
PROFIBUS DP master. The data length is set with the relevant configuration tool.
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
DP/DP coupler
6ES7 158-0AD01-0XA0
To connect two PROFIBUS DP networks.
4.4
Active components for interfacing to PROFIBUS PA
4.4.1
Connecting to PROFIBUSPA
DP/PA bus coupler
The DP/PA bus coupler is the link between PROFIBUS DP and PROFIBUS PA. This means
that it connects the process control systems with the field devices of process automation
(PA).
The following modules are available for the DP/PA bus coupling:
● DP/PA coupler Ex [ia] (6ES7 157-0AD82-0XA0)
● DP/PA coupler FDC 157-0 (6ES7 157-0AC83-0XA0)
● Interface module IM 153-2 (6ES7 153 2BA82-0XB0) for setting up a DP/PA link
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To set up a DP/PA link in redundant operation (including coupler and PA ring redundancy),
you also require the following:
● Bus module BM IM 153 for 2 x IM 157 (6ES7 195-7HD80 0XA06)
● Bus module BM DP/PA coupler for 2 DP/PA couplers (6ES7 195 7HG80-0XA0)
● 1 field splitter AFS for coupler redundancy (6ES7 157-0AF81-0XA0)
● 1 to 8 field distributors AFD for ring redundancy (6ES7 157-0AF82-0XA0)
4.4.2
DP/PA coupler
Area of application
The DP/PA coupler (stand-alone) is used for small quantity frameworks and low timing
requirements.
When using the DP/PA coupler, the data rate on PROFIBUS DP must be fixed at 45.45
kbps. The configuration limits are determined either by the maximum number of addressable
slaves (field devices) or the maximum cycle time.
When using the DP/PA coupler, the field devices are addressed directly by the
PLC/automation system; the DP/PA coupler is transparent. It is not necessary to configure
the DP/PA coupler.
Figure 4-17
DP/PA coupler
The figure below illustrates the logical integration of the DP/PA couplers in the system.
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Active components
4.4 Active components for interfacing to PROFIBUS PA
"Programming, operating and
monitoring"
SIMATIC PCS 7 or third-party tool for
parameter assignment
Management
level
Industrial Ethernet
PDM or other tool for parameter assignment
DP-Master
Cell level
PROFIBUS-DP
DP/PA coupler Ex (i)
ET 200X
DP/PA coupler
PROFIBUS-PA
Field level
([
Figure 4-18
Hazardous (Ex) area
Logical integration of DP/PA couplers into the system
For more information on expanding the PA line, refer to section "Field distributors AFD/AFS
(Page 97)"
Areas of application of the DP/PA coupler
The DP/PA coupler is available in two versions:
● DP/PA coupler Ex [ia]: You can attach all field devices that are certified for
PROFIBUS PA and that are inside the hazardous area.
● DP/PA coupler FDC 157-0: You can attach all field devices that are certified for
PROFIBUS PA and that are outside the hazardous area.
The DP/PA coupler is "related equipment" in compliance with EN 50014 or EN 50020.
Properties of the DP/PA coupler (general)
The DP/PA coupler FDC 157-0 (6ES7 157-0AC83-0XA0) has the following characteristics:
● Electrical isolation between PROFIBUS DP and PROFIBUS PA
● Conversion of the physical transmission properties between RS485 and IEC 611582
● Diagnostics using LEDs
● Transmission speed on PROFIBUS DP 45.45 kbps
● Transmission speed on PROFIBUSPA 31.25 kbps
● Integrated power supply unit
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4.4 Active components for interfacing to PROFIBUS PA
Properties of the DP/PA coupler Ex [ia]
The DP/PA coupler Ex Ex [ia] (6ES7 157-0AD82-0XA0) has the following additional
characteristics:
● Type of protection EEx [ia] IIC T4
● Intrinsic safety
● Integrated, intrinsically safe power supply unit and integrated barrier
Configuring the DP/PA coupler
● The DP/PA coupler can be used in SIMATIC S5 and S7 and with all DP masters that
support 45.45 kbps.
● For the DP/PA coupler, you only need to set the transmission speed of 45.45 kbps for the
relevant DP network during configuration.
You then configure the PA field devices just as normal DP slaves using the DP
configuration tool and the appropriate GSD file. You can configure the PA field devices
with SIMATIC PDM or with any other vendorspecific software configuration tool.
● Configuration of the DP/PA coupler FDC 157-0 as a DP slave is necessary in the
following situations:
– If the diagnostic functions will be effective.
– If you want to operate the DP/PA couplers with ring redundancy or coupler
redundancy.
Further information
Operating instructions DP/PA Coupler, DP/PA Link and Y Link Bus Couplers (Bus links
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/1142696))
4.4.3
DP/PA link
Area of application
The DP/PA link is used for large quantity frameworks and high timing requirements.
The DP/PA link is a slave on the PROFIBUS DP and a master on the PROFIBUS PA. The
PLC/automation system addresses the field devices over the DP/PA link like a modular slave
whose modules are the PA devices.
Configuration of the DP/PA link is integrated extremely conveniently in the STEP 7
configuration software (V4.02 and higher). The DP/PA link can be operated on PROFIBUS
DP standard masters.
The GSD file required for operation on PROFIBUS DP standard masters can be downloaded
from the Internet (you will find more detailed information on the Internet
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/26562190)).
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4.4 Active components for interfacing to PROFIBUS PA
Definition
The DP/PA link consists of the IM 153-2 and up to a maximum of five DP/PA couplers. The
DP/PA link is a DP slave at the PROFIBUS DP end and a PA master at the PROFIBUS PA
end.
Application
With the DP/PA link, you have a decoupled interface from PROFIBUS PA to PROFIBUS DP
with transmission speeds of 9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps.
The following figure shows where the DP/PA Link fits in.
"Programming, operating and
monitoring"
SIMATIC PCS 7 or third-party tool for
parameter assignment
Management
level
Industrial Ethernet
Gateway S7 400
Cell level
PDM or other tool for
parameter assignment
S7-DP-Master
PROFIBUS-DP
DP/PA-Link
ET 200X
IM 153
DP-PA coupler Ex
Field level
PROFIBUS-PA
Field devices of PROFIBUSPA
Figure 4-19
Integration of the DP/PA Link
The DP/PA Link is configured with STEP 7, Version 4.02 or higher.
Properties
The DP/PA Link has the following characteristics:
● Diagnostics with LEDs and the user program
● DP slave and PA master
● Can be operated at all transmission speeds (9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps)
Mode of operation
The following figure shows how the DP/PA Link functions with the IM 153-2
(6ES7 153-2BA82-0XB0) and the DP/PA couplers.
● The DP/PA Link maps the underlying PROFIBUS PA system on a DP slave.
● With the DP/PA Link, PROFIBUS DP is completely decoupled from PROFIBUS PA.
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● The PA master and PA slaves form a separate, underlying bus system.
● Increasing the number of DP/PA couplers simply serves to increase availability. All
DP/PA couplers along with the attached PA field devices form one common
PROFIBUS PA bus system.
DP
DP/PA-Link
IM 153
PA-Master
DP-Slave
S7 backplane bus
DP/PA coupler
(max. 5)
Figure 4-20
PA
PA
PA
PA
How the DP/PA Link works with DP/PA couplers
Rules
The following rules apply when configuring PROFIBUS PA:
● There can be a maximum of 31 PA field devices in a PROFIBUS PA system
● Only one device supplying power (=DP/PA coupler) may be connected in a physical
PROFIBUS PA segment.
● A maximum of 31 PA field devices can be attached to a DP/PA Link. The maximum
number of attachable PA field devices per physical PROFIBUS PA segment or per
DP/PA coupler is limited by the maximum output current of the DP/PA coupler and the I/O
data to be transferred.
Further information
Operating instructions DP/PA Coupler, DP/PA Link and Y Link (Bus couplers
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/1142696))
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4.5 Active components for the link from PROFIBUS DP to RS-232C
4.5
Active components for the link from PROFIBUS DP to RS-232C
4.5.1
DP/RS232C Link
Design
Figure 4-21
DP/RS232C Link for PROFIBUS DP
The DP/RS232C Link (6ES7 158-0AA01-0XA0) consists of a compact 70 mm housing for
DIN rail mounting. Ideally the module should be installed vertically. The modules can be
inserted one beside the other without gaps being necessary. The system is connected to
PROFIBUS DP via a 9-pin D-sub socket. The RS232C interface is implemented as a 9pin Dsub connector.
Area of application
The PROFIBUS DP/RS232C Link is a converter between an RS232C (V.24) interface and
PROFIBUS DP. Devices with an RS232C interface can be linked to PROFIBUSDP with the
DP/RS232C Link. The DP/RS232C Link supports the procedures 3964 R and free ASCII
protocol.
Master
S7-400
Configuring
with STEP 7
PROFIBUS-DP
PROFIBUS bus cable
RS-232 connector
Figure 4-22
96
Example of a configuration with the DP/RS232C Link
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4.5 Active components for the link from PROFIBUS DP to RS-232C
How it works
The PROFIBUS-DP/RS-232C Link is connected to the device over a point-to-point link.
Conversion to the PROFIBUSDP protocol takes place on the PROFIBUSDP/RS232C Link.
The data is transferred consistently in both directions. Up to 224 bytes of user data can be
transferred per frame.
Parameter assignment
The PROFIBUSDP address can be set using two rotary switches on the front panel. The
device is configured using the GSD file and the configuration tool of the connected device,
for example STEP 7.
4.5.2
Field distributors AFD/AFS
Overview
The active field distributors (AFD) and active field splitters (AFS) allow two variants of
redundant operation on a PA line:
● Ring redundancy with up to 8 AFDs
● Coupler redundancy with AFS
Figure 4-23
Field distributors AFD/AFS
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Active components
4.5 Active components for the link from PROFIBUS DP to RS-232C
Area of application
● Active Field Distributor AFD
PA field devices, for example measuring instruments, sensors and actuators can be
connected to the active field distributor (AFD).
In conjunction with 2 DP/PA couplers (FDC 157-0), the active field distributor (AFD)
allows operation with ring redundancy. In this case, a maximum of 8 active field
distributors (AFD) connect 2 DP/PA couplers with the PA field devices. You can connect
up to 4 PA field devices to one active field distributor (AFD). The total number of PA field
devices on the PA line is 31 devices and this is limited by 1 A maximum current.
PROFIBUS-DP
DP/PA coupler
AFD
AFD
AFD
Figure 4-24
PROFIBUS-PA
AFD
DP/PA coupler in redundant mode
● AFS (Active Field Splitter)
The active field splitter (AFS) connects 2 DP/PA couplers (FDC 157-0) with the field
devices of a PROFIBUS PA line. It therefore allows coupler redundancy on the PA line.
The total number of PA field devices on the PA line is 31 devices and this is limited by 1
A maximum current.
PROFIBUS-DP
DP/PA coupler
AFS
PROFIBUS-PA
Figure 4-25
98
Coupler redundancy with active field splitter (AFS)
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4.5 Active components for the link from PROFIBUS DP to RS-232C
AFD
Functions
•
•
•
•
•
Properties
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AFS
Connection of field devices for PROFIBUS PA
Automatic bus termination
Isolation of defective PA segments
Reconnection of isolated PA segments after
eliminating the problem
Extending a PA segment during ongoing
operation
•
Automatic switchover of the PA main line to
the active DP/PA coupler
2 cable glands for the PA main line
4 cable glands for 4 PA field devices
Connection of the PROFIBUS PA trunk line and
the PA spur lines using the spring clamp
method
Reverse polarity protection connections
Diagnostics using LEDs
Power supply via the PA bus
Screw gland on substrate or mount with adapter
on mounting rail
Degree of protection IP66
Grounding terminal outside
•
•
•
•
2 cable glands for the PA main line
1 cable gland for the PROFIBUS PA line
Optional: Center feed via a cable bushing
Connection of the PROFIBUS PA trunk lines
with spring clamps
Reverse polarity protection connections
Connection of maximum 31 PA field devices
Diagnostics using LEDs
Power supply via the PA bus
Screw gland on substrate or mount with
adapter on mounting rail
Degree of protection IP66
Grounding terminal outside
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
SIMATIC DP, active field distributor AFD
6ES7 157-0AF81-0XA0
SIMATIC DP, active field splitter AFS
6ES7 157-0AF82-0XA0
Further information
Operating instructions DP/PA Coupler, DP/PA Link and Y Link Bus Couplers (Bus links
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/1142696))
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4.6 Active components for connecting a PROFIBUS segment to an Industrial Ethernet network
4.6
Active components for connecting a PROFIBUS segment to an
Industrial Ethernet network
4.6.1
IE/PB Link PN IO
Area of application
As a separate component, the IE/PB PN IO link provides a seamless transition between
Industrial Ethernet and PROFIBUS.
Figure 4-26
IE/PB Link PN IO
Using the IE/PB Link PN IO as a proxy, you can continue to use existing PROFIBUS devices
and integrate them in a PROFINET application.
Design
The IE/PB Link PN IO has all the advantages of the SIMATIC design:
● Compact construction; the rugged plastic housing has the following on the front panel:
– An RJ-45 interface for connection to Industrial Ethernet.
– A 9-pin D-sub socket for connection to PROFIBUS
– A 2-pin terminal strip for connecting the external power supply of 24 V DC.
– Diagnostic LEDs
● Connection is by means of the IE FC RJ-45 Plug 180 with 180° cable outlet using a
standard patch cable
● Simple mounting; the IE/PB Link PN IO is mounted on an S7-300 rail
● Can be operated without a fan
● Fast device replacement in the event of a fault by using the optional C-PLUG
exchangeable medium (not supplied with the device)
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4.6 Active components for connecting a PROFIBUS segment to an Industrial Ethernet network
Function
● PROFINET
PROFINET IO PROXY; interfacing of PROFIBUS DP slaves to PROFINET IO controller with
real-time communication (RT) according to PROFINET standard additional functionality for
vertical integration:
● S7 routing
– permits cross-network PG communication, in other words, all S7 stations on Industrial
Ethernet or PROFIBUS can be programmed remotely using the programming device.
– permits access to visualization data of S7 stations on PROFIBUS from HMI stations
on Industrial Ethernet.
● Data record routing (PROFIBUS DP)
Using this function, the IE/PB Link PN IO can be used as a router for data records that
are intended for field devices (DP slaves). SIMATIC PDM (Process Device Manager) is a
tool that creates data records of this type for parameter assignment and diagnostics of
field devices.
It is possible, for example, to use SIMATIC PDM (on the PC) on Industrial Ethernet to set
parameters and run diagnostics for PROFIBUS PA field device over the IE/PB Link PN IO
and DP/PA coupler.
The additional functions for vertical integration can also be used in an existing
PROFIBUS application without PROFINET for connection to a higher-level Industrial
Ethernet.
In this case, the IE/PB Link PN IO is used as an additional DP master class 2 on a
PROFIBUS segment to link to Industrial Ethernet and provides the above functions.
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
IE/PB Link PN IO
6GK1 411-5AB00
Link between Industrial Ethernet and PROFIBUS
with PROFINET IO functionality, TCP/IP, S7
routing and data record routing
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4.7 Active components for linking between Industrial Wireless LAN and PROFIBUS
4.7
Active components for linking between Industrial Wireless LAN and
PROFIBUS
4.7.1
IWLAN/PB Link PN IO
Area of application
Figure 4-27
IWLAN/PB Link PN IO
The IWLAN/PB Link PN IO supports the use of IWLAN and WLAN antennas for wireless or
contact-free data transmission, for example in monorail overhead conveyors or storage and
retrieval systems. Support of PROFINET means that the wide variety of PROFIBUS system
services, such as diagnostics over the bus, can still be utilized.
● Overhead monorail conveyors
Vehicle controllers for suspended monorails can be implemented economically on the
basis of SIMATIC components. High availability, short response times and easy
expansion can be achieved by using distributed controllers, such as SIMATIC ET 200S
IM 151/CPU. With the aid of the IWLAN/PB Link PN IO, the vehicle controllers can
continue to be used without change. The user can also program them remotely with
STEP 7 over IWLAN.
● Storage and retrieval systems
In storage and retrieval systems, data light barriers requiring intensive maintenance can
be replaced by an IWLAN solution. This increases plant availability.
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4.7 Active components for linking between Industrial Wireless LAN and PROFIBUS
Design
The IWLAN/PB Link PN IO is snapped onto a standard mounting rail. The external
dimensions are the same as those of the power rail boosten housing. An antenna for an
IWLAN RF field is attached using a connector. The IP20 degree of protection ensures that
the IWLAN/PB Link PN IO is suitable for installation in the control cabinet.
● Compact design;
the front panel of the rugged plastic enclosure includes:
– An R-SMA interface for connecting antennae
– A 9-pin D-sub socket for connection to PROFIBUS
– A 4-pin terminal block for connecting the external power supply of 24 V DC
– Diagnostic LEDs
● Can be operated without a fan
● Fast device replacement in the event of a fault by using the optional C-PLUG
exchangeable medium (not supplied with the device)
Function
● PROFINET
PROFINET IO PROXY; wireless connection of PROFIBUS DP slaves to PROFINET IO
controller using real-time communication (RT) according to PROFINET standard
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
IWLAN/PB Link PN IO
Link between Industrial Wireless LAN and PROFIBUS with PROFINET IO
functionality
National approvals for operation outside the USA
6GK1 417-5AB00
National approvals for operation in the USA
6GK1 417-5AB01
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4.8 Active components for the link between PROFIBUS (DP slave) and AS-Interface
4.8
Active components for the link between PROFIBUS (DP slave) and
AS-Interface
4.8.1
DP/AS-i LINK Advanced
Area of application
Figure 4-28
DP/AS-i Link Advanced - single master / double master
The DP/AS-i LINK Advanced is a PROFIBUS DPV1 slave (according to IEC 61158-2 /
EN 61158-2) and an AS-Interface master (according to AS-Interface specification V3.0 to EN
50 295) and it allows transparent data access to the AS-Interface from PROFIBUS DP.
PROFIBUS DP masters can exchange I/O data with the AS-Interface cyclically. DP masters
with acyclic services can also carry out AS-Interface master calls. DP/AS-i LINK Advanced
is, therefore, suitable for distributed configurations and for integrating a lower-level ASInterface network.
The AS-Interface single master version of DP/AS-i LINK Advanced is suitable for
applications with typical volumes of data.
The AS-Interface double master version of DP/AS-i LINK Advanced is suitable for
applications with large volumes of data. In this case, the double data volumes can be
processed on two separate AS-Interface lines.
Design
The DP/AS-i LINK Advanced comprises a stable housing for DIN rail mounting with degree
of protection IP20 and it can be operated without a battery or fan.
In the event of a fault, the DP/AS-i LINK Advanced allows fast device replacement with the
optional C-PLUG exchangeable medium (not supplied with the device).
The DP/AS-i LINK Advanced has a compact design and features the following:
● A display on the front panel for detailed indication of the mode and the functional
readiness of all connected and activated AS-Interface slaves
● 6 buttons for startup and testing of the AS-Interface line directly on the DP/AS-i LINK
Advanced
● LED displays of the mode of the PROFIBUS DP and AS-Interface
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● Integrated Ethernet port (RJ-45 jack) for convenient startup, diagnostics and testing of the
DP/AS-i LINK Advanced via a Web interface with a standard browser
● Power supplied via the AS-Interface profile cable or alternatively with 24 V DC
● Low mounting depth due to recessed connector assembly
PC with
SOFTNET-DP
S7-400
with CP 443-5 Extended
S7-300
e.g. with CP 342-5
6,0$7,&+0,
DP/AS-i
LINK
Advanced
PROFIBUS
ET 200pro
PG e.g.
with CP 5621
ET 200S
When DP/AS-i LINK Advanced is used
as double master
AS-Interface
Power
supply
unit
Figure 4-29
Safe
slave with
EMER
STOP
AS-Interface
Slave
Laser
scanner
Safety
monitor
Compact
branch
3RA6
Power
supply
unit
LOGO!
Safe
slave with
EMER STOP
Safety
monitor
Example of a configuration with the DP/AS-i LINK Advanced
Function
The DP/AS-i LINK Advanced allows a PROFIBUS DP master cyclic access to the I/O data of
all slaves of a lower-level AS-Interface segment. In line with the expanded AS-Interface
specification (V3.0), a maximum of 62 slaves - each with 4 digital inputs and 4 digital outputs
- as well as analog slaves, can be connected per AS-Interface line. The extended slave
types according to the AS-i Specification V3.0 with higher I/O data volumes are also
supported.
The DP/AS-i LINK Advanced normally occupies 32 input bytes and 32 output bytes on the
DP master, in which the I/O data of the connected digital AS-Interface slaves of an AS-i line
are stored. The double master occupies twice the number of bytes. The size of the
input/output buffer can be compressed so that only the I/O memory actually required is used
on the DP master system.
Integrated evaluation of analog signals is just as simple as access to digital values; it is
unnecessary to call communications blocks.
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Active components
4.8 Active components for the link between PROFIBUS (DP slave) and AS-Interface
PROFIBUS DP V1 masters can also trigger AS-Interface master calls using the acyclic
PROFIBUS services (for example: write parameters, change addresses, read diagnostic
values).
An operator display on the AS-i Link allows you to commission the lower-level AS-Interface
line completely. The DP/AS-i LINK Advanced is equipped with an additional Ethernet port
that permits use of the integrated Web server further increasing the user-friendliness of the
operator display already described. Firmware updates are also available.
The optional C-PLUG supports module replacement without input of connection parameters
(PROFIBUS address etc.), ensuring that downtimes in the event of a fault are reduced to a
minimum.
Diagnostics
Comprehensive diagnostic functions are available via LEDs, displays, control buttons, Web
interface, or STEP 7. These include:
● Operating status of the Link
● Status of the Link as a PROFIBUS DP slave
● Diagnostics of the AS-Interface network
● Frame statistics
● Standard diagnostics pages for fast diagnostic access using a standard browser.
Configuration
The DP/AS-i LINK Advanced can be configured using STEP 7 as of version V5.4 or simply
by adopting the actual configuration of the AS-Interface on the display.
Alternatively, the DP/AS-i LINK Advanced can be integrated in the engineering tool by
means of the PROFIBUS GSD file:
● STEP 7 versions earlier than V5.4
● Engineering tools from other vendors
If STEP 7 is used for configuration, the AS-Interface configuration can be uploaded to STEP
7 as of V5.4. Siemens AS-Interface slaves can also be conveniently configured in HW Config
(slave selection dialog).
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
Single master with display
6GK1 415-2BA10
Dual master with display
6GK1 415-2BA20
Further information
Manual "DP/AS-Interface Link Advanced
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/22502958/133300)"
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4.8.2
DP/AS-Interface Link 20E
Area of application
Figure 4-30
DP/AS-Interface Link 20E
The DP/AS-Interface Link 20E is a PROFIBUS DP slave (to EN 50 170) and AS-Interface
master (according to the AS-Interface specification V3.0 to EN 50 295) and permits the ASInterface to be operated on PROFIBUS DP.
Simple PROFIBUS masters can exchange I/O data with the AS-Interface cyclically. Masters
with acyclic services can exchange I/O data and carry out master calls.
Design
The DP/ASinterface link 20E consists of a compact housing with degree of protection IP20.
The LEDs on the front panel indicate the operating status and functional readiness of all
connected and activated slaves. The DP/AS-Interface Link 20E also has other LED displays
for the PROFIBUS DP slave address, DP bus faults and diagnostics.
The DP/AS-Interface Link 20E has two buttons for changing the operating mode and for
adopting the current actual configuration as the desired configuration.
The PROFIBUS DP address can be set using buttons.
The power is supplied via the AS-Interface profile cable
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Active components
4.8 Active components for the link between PROFIBUS (DP slave) and AS-Interface
PC/IPC
with CP
5621
S7-400
e.g. with
CP 443-5 Extended
S7-300 with DP master
PROFIBUS
DP/AS-Interface
Link 20E
AS-Interface
LOGO!
Power
supply
unit
Figure 4-31
Safe
slave with
EMER STOP
Digital/analog slaves
Compact
branch
3RA6
Laser
scanners
Safety
monitor
Example of a configuration with the DP/AS-Interface Link 20E
Function
DP/AS-Interface Link 20E allows a DP master to access all the slaves in an AS-Interface
segment. In line with the extended specification (V3.0), up to a maximum of 62 slaves each
with four digital inputs and four digital outputs as well as analog slaves can now be
connected.
The DP/AS-Interface Link 20E is normally assigned 32 bytes of input data and 32 bytes of
output data on the DP master on which the I/O data for the connected AS-Interface slaves is
stored. The size of the input/output buffer can be compressed so that only the memory
actually required on the DP master is used.
PROFIBUS DP masters can also trigger AS-Interface master calls using the acyclic
PROFIBUS services (for example: write parameters, change addresses, read diagnostic
values).
Configuration
DP/AS-Interface Link 20E can be configured on PROFIBUS with STEP 7.
The GSD file is also supplied with the manual, which means that configuration can even be
carried out for versions in which DP/AS-Interface Link 20E is not yet normally available.
The AS-Interface segment can be configured with STEP 7 or simply by adopting the actual
configuration. Commissioning is also possible without PROFIBUS.
If STEP 7 is used for the configuration, the AS-Interface configuration can be uploaded to
STEP 7 as of version V5.2.
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Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
DP/AS-Interface Link 20E
6GK1 415-2AA10
Link between PROFIBUS DP and AS-Interface
with degree of protection IP20
Further information
Manual "DP/AS–Interface Link 20E
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/33563718)"
4.8.3
DP/AS-i F-Link
Area of application
Figure 4-32
DP/AS-i F-Link
The DP/AS-i F-Link is a PROFIBUS DP-V1 slave (to EN 50170) and AS-i master (to EN
50295 according to the AS-Interface Specification V3.0) and allows transparent data access
to the AS-Interface from PROFIBUS DP. DP/AS-i F-Link is also the only AS-i master with
which safety-oriented input data can be transferred from ASIsafe slaves to a failsafe CPU
with the PROFIBUS DP master using the PROFIsafe protocol. Additional safety-oriented
cabling or monitoring is not required (in particular, there is no need for an AS-Interface safety
monitor). Binary or analog values can be transferred depending on the slave type. All slaves
that comply with AS-Interface Specification V2.0, V2.1 or V3.0 can be operated as AS-i
slaves.
As a fully-fledged AS-i master according to Specification V3.0, the configuration limits in the
AS-i network are significantly extended (496 inputs and 496 outputs, up to 62 digital or
analog slaves).
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109
Active components
4.8 Active components for the link between PROFIBUS (DP slave) and AS-Interface
Design
The DP/AS-i F Link consists of a compact housing with degree of protection IP20.
The LEDs on the front panel of the DP/AS-i F Link indicate the current status and error
messages (device status, AS-i power/status, bus faults (PROFIBUS DP), group errors).
The DP/AS-i F Link three buttons for changing the mode, confirming a menu entry and
resetting to the factory settings.
Power is supplied via a 24 V DC power unit (PELV).
HMI
SIMATIC
S7-300F
PROFIBUS
F-DI
AI/AO
DI/DO
SIMATIC
ET 200S
DP/AS-i
F-Link
(Spec. 3.0)
Motor
Optional
AS-Interface
ASIsafe
Module
Figure 4-33
SIRIUS
SIRIUS
Cable pull Position
switch
switch
SIRIUS SIMATIC
EMERG Light
ENCY curtain
STOP
Analog
I/O
module
K60
Digital
I/O
module
K60R
Digital
I/O module
K20
Basic
monitor
Motor
SIRIUS
EMERG
ENCY
STOP
Example of configuration with the DP/AS-i F Link
Function
PROFIBUS DP masters to DP-V0 or DP-V1 can exchange I/O data with lower-level AS-i
slaves cyclically.
PROFIBUS DP master with acyclic services complying with DP-V1 can also executed AS-i
command calls (fore example, read/write AS-i configuration during ongoing operation).
Apart from the digital I/O data, analog data is also stored quickly in the cyclic I/O area of a
failsafe S7-300/S7-416 F-CPU.
In configuration mode, DP/AS-i F-Link reads the configuration data of the I/O devices on the
AS-Interface. Slave addresses can be set and code sequences of secure AS-i slaves taught
in via the display and operator input keys.
110
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Active components
4.8 Active components for the link between PROFIBUS (DP slave) and AS-Interface
During operation, four LEDs and the display provide detailed diagnostic information which, if
necessary, can be used to localize faults immediately. A user program allows diagnostic data
records to be read and made available to a higher-level operator control and monitoring
system (for example WinCC).
Configuration
The DP/AS-i F Link can be configured with STEP 7 as of version V5.4 SP1. All AS-Interface
slaves from Siemens can be configured conveniently in HW Config (slave selection catalog)
and safety parameter settings made.
It is also possible to upload the AS-Interface configuration to STEP 7 and to adopt the actual
configuration directly on the device (commissioning aid).
Alternatively, the DP/AS-i F Link can be integrated in the engineering tool using the
PROFIBUS GSD file.
Unlike the AS-Interface safety monitor, DP/AS-i F-Link is simply a gateway with no separate
safety logic. The safety function is programmed at the level of the higher-level failsafe
controller, for example:
● With Distributed Safety as of version V5.4 SP1 for SIMATIC S7-300F/416F
● With SAFETY INTEGRATED "SI-Basic" or "SI-COMFORT" NCU software for
SINUMERIK 840D pl/sl.
Note
To configure with STEP 7 / HW Config, the F Link object manager must be installed.
You can download the object manager from the Internet
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/24724923) free of charge.
Ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
DP/AS-i F-Link
Link between PROFIBUS DP and AS-Interface
for safety-oriented data transmission from
ASIsafe to PROFIBUS DP – PROFIsafe. Master
profile M4 complying with expanded AS-i
Specification 3.0. Degree of protection IP20
Screw-type terminals
3RK3 141-1CD10
Spring-loaded terminals
3RK3 141-2CD10
Further information
"DP/AS-i F Link (http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/24196041)" manual
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111
Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.1
5
RS-485 cables
PROFIBUS cables
Various SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables are available allowing optimum adaptation to
different environments.
All the information about segment lengths and transmission rates refer only to these cables
and can only be guaranteed for these cables.
The following applies for all PROFIBUS cables:
● Due to the double shielding, they are particularly suitable for laying in industrial
environments subject to electromagnetic interference.
● A consistent grounding concept can be implemented via the outer jacket and the ground
terminals of the bus terminal.
● The meter markers printed on the cable make it easier to identify the length.
(Serve as orientation; accuracy ±5 %.)
Notes on installing RS485 bus cables
Bus cables are impaired by mechanical damage. How to install bus cables correctly is
described in detail in Appendix "Installing bus cables (Page 259)".
To make it easier to measure the length of cables, they have a marker every meter.
Overview
The table below is an overview of the bus cables for PROFIBUS showing their mechanical
and electrical characteristics.
If you require a cable with characteristics that are not covered by the range of products
described here, please contact your local SIEMENS office.
Ordering special cables, accessories, and tools
Special cables and special lengths of all SIMATIC NET bus cables as well as accessories,
tools and measuring equipment can be obtained from:
I IA SE IP S BD 1
Jürgen Hertlein
Tel.: +49 (911) 750-4465
Fax: +49 (911) 750-9991
juergen.hertlein@siemens.com (mailto:juergen.hertlein@siemens.com)
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.1 RS-485 cables
Table 5- 1
Bus cables for PROFIBUS (1)
Technical specifications 1)
Cable type
FC standard
cable GP
FC standard cab FC FRNC cable
le IS GP
GP
FC food cable
FC robust cable
Order no.
6XV1 8300EH10
6XV1 831-2A
6XV1 8300LH10
6XV1 8300GH10
6XV1 8300JH10
0EU10
Attenuation
at 16 MHz
42 dB/km
42 dB/km
42 dB/km
42 dB/km
42 dB/km
at 4 MHz
22 dB/km
22 dB/km
22 dB/km
22 dB/km
22 dB/km
at 38.4 kHz
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
at 9.6 kHz
2.5 dB/km
2.5 dB/km
2.5 dB/km
2.5 dB/km
2.5 dB/km
at 9.6 kHz
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
at 31.25 kHz
-
-
-
-
-
at 38.4 kHz
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
at 3 to 20 MHz
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
Surge impedance
Rated value
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
Loop resistance
110 Ω/km
110 Ω/km
110 Ω/km
110 Ω/km
110 Ω/km
Shield resistance
9.5 Ω/km
9.5 Ω/km
9.5 Ω/km
9.5 Ω/km
9.5 Ω/km
Effective capacitance at 1
kHz
28.5 nF/km
28.5 nF/km
29 nF/km
28.5 nF/km
28.5 nF/km
Operating voltage
(rms value)
100 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
Cable type
Standard code
02YSY(ST)CY
02YSY(ST)CY
02YSH(ST)CH
02YSY(ST)C2Y
1x2x0.64/2.55
1×2×06.5/2.56
1x2x0.64/2.55
1x2x0.64/2.55
02YSY(ST)C11Y
1x2x0.64/2.55
150 KF 40 FR
BL KF40 FR
-150 VI KF25
FRNC
-150 KF40
-150 KF40 FR VI
Material
PVC
PVC
FRNC
PE
PUR
Color
violet
blue
light violet
black
violet
Diameter
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
8 mm ± 0.4 mm
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
-Operating temperature
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 75°C
-25°C + 80°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-Transportation/storage
temperature
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 75°C
-25°C + 80°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-Installation temperature
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 75°C
-25°C + 80°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
150 mm
150 mm
60 mm
30 mm
75 mm
Jacket
Perm. ambient conditions
Bending radiuses
Single bend
Multiple bends
300 mm
300 mm
80 mm
60 mm
150 mm
Max. tensile load
100 N
100 N
100 N
100 N
100 N
Approx. weight
80 kg/km
80 kg/km
72 kg/km
67 kg/km
71 kg/km
114
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.1 RS-485 cables
Technical specifications 1)
Cable type
FC standard
cable GP
FC standard cab FC FRNC cable
le IS GP
GP
FC food cable
FC robust cable
Resistance to fire
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-324
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-324
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-324
Flammable
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-1
Category C
Category C
Category C
IEC 60332-3-22
Category A
Resistance to oil
Conditionally
resistant to
mineral oils and
fats
Conditionally
resistant to
mineral oils and
fats
-
Conditionally
resistant to
mineral oils and
fats
Resistant to
mineral oils and
grease
UV resistance
Resistant
Resistant
Resistant
Resistant
Resistant
Halogen-free
No
No
Yes
No
No
Silicone-free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
UL listing at 300 V rating
Yes/CMG/CL3/
Yes/CMG/CL3/
Yes/CMG/CL3/
No
Yes / CMX
Sun Res
Sun Res
Sun Res
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Product property
UL style at 600 V rating
1) Electrical characteristics at 20 °C, tests according to DIN 47250 Part 4 or DIN VDE 0472
2) Trailing cables for the following requirements:
- Min. 3 million bending cycles for the specified bending radius and an acceleration of max. 4 m/s2
3) Outer diameter >8 mm; bus connectors can only be connected after the outer jacket has been stripped
4) Not suitable for connection to insulation piercing bus connectors (6ES7 972 0BA30 0XA0)
5) At 800 Hz
6) Restricted segment lengths
7) Transmission rate 31.25 kbps
8) Cable suitable for applications involving torsion: min. 5 million torsion movements on 1 m
Cable length (±180°)
Table 5- 2
Bus cables for PROFIBUS (2)
Technical specifications
1)
Cable type
FC ground cable
FC trailing
cable 6) 4)
FC trailing
cable 6) 4)
Festoon
cable 6) 4)
4) 8)
Torsion cable 6)
Order no.
6XV1 830 -
6XV1 830
6XV1 831-2L
6XV1 830
6XV1 830
3FH10
-3EH10
-3GH10
-0PH10
at 16 MHz
42 dB/km
49 dB/km
49 dB/km
49 dB/km
49 dB/km
at 4 MHz
22 dB/km
25 dB/km
25 dB/km
25 dB/km
25 dB/km
at 38.4 kHz
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
3 dB/km
at 9.6 kHz
2.5 dB/km
3 dB/km
3 dB/km
3 dB/km
2.5 dB/km
Attenuation
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.1 RS-485 cables
FC ground cable
FC trailing
cable 6) 4)
FC trailing
cable 6) 4)
Festoon
cable 6) 4)
4) 8)
at 9.6 kHz
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
at 31.25 kHz
-
-
-
-
-
at 38.4 kHz
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
at 3 to 20 MHz
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
Technical specifications
1)
Cable type
Torsion cable 6)
Surge impedance
Rated value
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
Loop resistance
110 Ω/km
133 Ω/km
133 Ω/km
133 Ω/km
98 Ω/km
Shield resistance
9.5 Ω/km
14 Ω/km
14 Ω/km
19 Ω/km
14 Ω/km
Effective capacitance at 1
kHz
28.5 nF/km
28 nF/km
28 nF/km
28 nF/km
29 nF/km
Operating voltage
(rms value)
100 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
100 V
Cable type
Standard code
02YSY(ST)CY2Y
1x2x0.64/2.55
02YY(ST)C11Y
02YY(ST)C11Y
02Y(ST)CY
02Y(ST)C11Y
-150 KF 40 SW
1x2x0.64/2.55-
1x2x0.64/2.55
1x2x0.65/2.56
1x2x0.65/2.56
150 KF LI 40
150 KF LI 40
-LI petrol FR
-150 LI FR VI
FR petrol
FR
Jacket
Material
PE/PVC
PUR
PUR
PVC
PUR
Color
black
petrol
violet
petrol
violet
Diameter
10.8 ± 0.5 mm 3)
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
8.0 ± 0.3 mm
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
-Operating temperature
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 80°C
-25°C + 75°C
-Transportation/storage
temperature
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 80°C
-40°C + 80°C
-Cable installation
temperature
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 80°C
-25°C + 75°C
Single bend
40 mm
40 mm
40 mm
30 mm
40 mm
Multiple bends
80 mm
60 mm 2)
120 mm 2)
70 mm 2)
80 mm 2)
Max. tensile load
100 N
100 N
100 N
80 N
100 N
Approx. weight
117 kg/km
70 kg/km
77 kg/km
64 kg/km
65 kg/km
Resistance to fire
Flammable
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-12
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-12
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-324 (Cat. C)
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-12
Resistance to oil
Conditionally
Resistant to
resistant to mineral mineral oils and
oils and fats
grease
Resistant to
mineral oils and
grease
Resistant to
mineral oils and
grease
Resistant to
mineral oils and
grease
UV resistance
Resistant
Resistant
Resistant
Resistant
Resistant
Halogen-free
No
No
No
No
No
Silicone-free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Perm. ambient conditions
Bending radiuses
Product property
116
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.1 RS-485 cables
Technical specifications
1)
Cable type
FC ground cable
FC trailing
cable 6) 4)
FC trailing
cable 6) 4)
Festoon
cable 6) 4)
UL listing at 300 V rating
No
Yes / CMX
Yes / CMX
Yes/CM/CMG/
PLTC/SunRes/
OilRes
Yes / CMX
No
No
No
Yes
No
UL style at 600 V rating
Torsion cable 6)
4) 8)
1) Electrical characteristics at 20 °C, tests according to DIN 47250 Part 4 or DIN VDE 0472
2) Trailing cables for the following requirements:
- Min. 3 million bending cycles for the specified bending radius and an acceleration of max. 4 m/s2
3) Outer diameter >8 mm; bus connectors can only be connected after the outer jacket has been stripped
4) Not suitable for connection to insulation piercing bus connectors (6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0)
5) At 800 Hz
6) Restricted segment lengths
7) Transmission rate 31.25 kbps.
8) Cable suitable for applications involving torsion: min. 5 million torsion movements on 1 m
Cable length (±180°)
Table 5- 3
Bus cables for PROFIBUS (3)
Technical specifications
1)
FC flexible cable 6) Hybrid
standard cable
Hybrid
robust cable
SIENOPYR FR
marine cable
6XV1 831-2K
6XV1 860-2S
6XV1830
4)
Cable type
Order no.
6XV1 860-2R
-0MH10
Attenuation
at 16 MHz
< 49 dB/km
49 dB/km
49 dB/km
45 dB/km
at 4 MHz
< 25 dB/km
25 dB/km
25 dB/km
22 dB/km
at 38.4 kHz
< 4 dB/km
4 dB/km
4 dB/km
5 dB/km
at 9.6 kHz
< 3 dB/km
3 dB/km
3 dB/km
3 dB/km
at 9.6 kHz
270 ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
270 Ω ± 10 %
250 Ω ± 10 %
at 31.25 kHz
-
-
-
-
at 38.4 kHz
185 ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
185 Ω ± 10 %
at 3 to 20 MHz
150 ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
150 Ω ± 10 %
Surge impedance
Rated value
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
150 Ω
Loop resistance
≤ 133 Ω/km
138 Ω/km
138 Ω/km
110 Ω/km
Shield resistance
≤ 14 Ω/km
10 Ω/km
10 Ω/km
6.5 Ω/km
Effective capacitance at
1 kHz
approx. 28.5
nF/km
30 nF/km
30 nF/km
-
Operating voltage
≤ 100 V
300 V
300 V
100 V
7.5 A
7.5 A
-
(rms)
Continuous current of the power wires at 25 °C
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.1 RS-485 cables
Technical specifications
1)
FC flexible cable 6) Hybrid
standard cable
4)
Hybrid
robust cable
SIENOPYR FR
marine cable
Cable type
Cable type
Standard code
02YH(ST)C11Y
02Y(ST)C
02Y(ST)C
M-02Y(ST)CHX
1x2x0.65/2.56
1x2x0.65/2.56
1x2x0.65/2.56
1x2x0.35
150 LI K40 VI
FRNC
150 LI LIY-Z
100V
Y 2x1x1.5 VI
150 LI LIH-Z
11Y
2x1x1.5 VI
FRNC
Jacket
Material
PUR
PVC
PUR
Polymer 3)
Color
violet
violet
violet
black
Diameter
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
11 ± 0.5 mm
11 ± 0.5 mm
10.3 ± 0.5 mm
Conductor cross section
-
1.5 mm2
1.5 mm2
-
Color of the wire
insulation
-
black
black
-
-Operating temperature
-20°C + 60°C
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 80°C
-Transportation/storage
temperature
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 80°C
-Installation temperature
-40°C + 60°C
-40°C + 75°C
-40°C + 75°C
-10°C + 50°C
Single bend
40 mm
44 mm
44 mm
108 mm
Multiple bends
≥ 120 mm 8)
125 mm
125 mm
216 mm
Power cores
Perm. ambient conditions
Bending radiuses
Max. tensile load
100 N
450 N
450 N
100 N
Approx. weight
70 kg/km
140 kg/km
135 kg/km
109 kg/km
Resistance to fire
Flame retardant to Flame retardant Flame retardant
IEC 60332-1-2
to IEC 60332-1- to IEC 60332-12
2
Flame retardant
to IEC 60332-324
Resistance to oil
Conditionally
resistant to
mineral oils and
fats
Resistant to
mineral oils and
grease
Resistant to
mineral oils and
grease
Resistant to
mineral oils and
grease
UV resistance
Resistant
No
Yes
Resistant
Halogen-free
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Silicone-free
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Product property
118
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.2 FC standard cable GP
Technical specifications
1)
FC flexible cable 6) Hybrid
standard cable
Hybrid
robust cable
SIENOPYR FR
marine cable
Yes
Yes / CMG
Yes / CMX
No
No
No
No
4)
Cable type
UL listing at 300 V rating
UL style at 600 V rating
1) Electrical characteristics at 20 °C, tests according to DIN 47250 Part 4 or DIN VDE 0472
2) Trailing cables for the following requirements:
- Min. 3 million bending cycles for the specified bending radius and an acceleration
of max. 4 m/s2
3) Outer diameter > 8 mm; bus connectors can only be connected after the outer
jacket has been stripped
4) Not suitable for connection to insulation piercing bus connectors
(6ES7 972 0BA30 0XA0)
5) At 800 Hz
6) Restricted segment lengths
7) Transmission rate 31.25 kbps.
8) Cable suitable for applications involving torsion: min. 5 million torsion movements
on 1 m
Cable length (±180°)
5.2
FC standard cable GP
39&RXWHUMDFNHW
,QQHUFRQGXFWRU
VROLGFRSSHU
7LQSODWHGFRSSHUEUDLG
VKLHOG
$OXPLQXPIRLO
&HOOXODU3(
LQVXODWLRQVOHHYH
3ODVWLFIRLO
39&ILOOHU
Figure 5-1
Structure of the FC standard cable
FC standard cable 6XV1 830-0EH10
The bus cable 6XV1 8300EH10 is the FastConnect standard bus cable for PROFIBUS
networks. It meets the requirements of IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2, cable type A, with solid
copper cores (AWG 22).
The combination of twisted wires, foil shield and braid shield make the cable particularly
suitable for industrial environments subject to electromagnetic interference. The design of
the cable also guarantees stable electrical and mechanical data after the cable has been
installed.
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119
Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.3 PROFIBUS FC standard cable IS GP
The FastConnect bus cable 6XV1 830-0EH10 is UL listed.
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the cable, see Section Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS
FAST CONNECT (Page 138).
Properties
Due to the composition of the jacket material, the bus cable has the following characteristics:
● Flameretardant
● Selfextinguishing in case of fire
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oils and fats
● Sheath material not free of halogens
Use
The bus cable is intended for fixed installation in buildings (inhouse cabling).
5.3
PROFIBUS FC standard cable IS GP
39&RXWHUMDFNHW
,QQHUFRQGXFWRU
VROLGFRSSHU
7LQSODWHGFRSSHUEUDLG
VKLHOG
$OXPLQXPIRLO
&HOOXODU3(
LQVXODWLRQVOHHYH
3ODVWLFIRLO
39&ILOOHU
Figure 5-2
Structure of the FC standard cable
FC standard cable 6XV1 831-2A
Bus cable 6XV1 831-2A (IS = Intrinsically Safe) with its blue outer jacket is the FastConnect
standard bus cable for intrinsically safe PROFIBUS RS-485 IS networks. It meets the
requirements of IEC 61784-5-3. The cable with solid copper cores (AWG 22) is intended for
fixed installation.
The combination of twisted wires, foil shield and braid shield make the cable particularly
suitable for industrial environments subject to electromagnetic interference. The design of
the cable also guarantees stable electrical and mechanical data after the cable has been
installed.
The FastConnect bus cable 6XV1 831-2A is UL listed.
120
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5.4 FCFRNC cable (bus cable with halogenfree outer jacket)
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the cable (see Section Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS
FAST CONNECT (Page 138))
Properties
PROFIBUS FC standard cable with blue outer jacket for use in hazardous areas with
ET 200iSP.
Due to the composition of the jacket material, the bus cable has the following characteristics:
● Flameretardant
● Selfextinguishing in case of fire
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oils and fats
● Sheath material not free of halogens
Use
The bus cable is intended for fixed installation in buildings (inhouse cabling).
5.4
FCFRNC cable (bus cable with halogenfree outer jacket)
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Structure of the bus cable with halogenfree outer jacket
Bus cable with halogenfree outer jacket 6XV1 830-0LH10
The bus cable with a halogenfree outer jacket 6XV1 8300LH10 complies with the
specification IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2, cable type A, with solid copper cores (AWG 22).
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the PROFIBUS cable, see Section Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT (Page 138).
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.5 FC food cable (PE jacket)
Properties
The characteristics of the jacket material differ from those of the standard bus cable as
follows:
● The material is free of halogens
● Not resistant to UV radiation
● The jacket material is flame resistant
Use
The bus cable with the halogen-free outer jacket is particularly suitable for use inside
buildings.
5.5
FC food cable (PE jacket)
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Structure of the bus cable with PE jacket
FC bus cable with PE jacket 6XV1 830-0GH10
The FC bus cable with a PE jacket 6XV1 830-0GH10 complies with the specification
IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2, cable type A, with solid copper cores (AWG 22). The inner
structure of the cable (cores, filler, shielding) is identical to that of the standard cable.
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the PROFIBUS cable, see Section Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT (Page 138).
Properties
The properties of the polyethylene (PE) jacket differ from those of the standard bus cable as
follows:
● Improved resistance to abrasion
● Improved resistance to oil and lubricants
● Resistant to UV radiation
122
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5.6 FC robust cable (with PUR jacket)
● Resistant to water and steam
● The jacket material is flammable
Use
The bus cable with the PE jacket is particularly suited for use in the food, beverages and
tobacco industry. It is designed for fixed installation within buildings (inhouse cabling).
5.6
FC robust cable (with PUR jacket)
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Structure of the bus cable with PUR jacket
FC bus cable with PUR jacket 6XV1 830-0JH10
The FC bus cable with a PUR jacket 6XV1 830-0JH10 complies with the specification
IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2, cable type A, with solid copper cores (AWG 22). The inner
structure of the cable (cores, filler, shielding) is identical to that of the standard cable.
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the cable, see Section Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS
FAST CONNECT (Page 138).
Properties
The characteristics of the PUR jacket material differ from those of the standard bus cable as
follows:
● Improved resistance to abrasion
● Improved resistance to oil and lubricants
● Resistant to UV radiation
● The jacket material is flame resistant
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.7 FC ground cable
Use
The FC robust cable with its PUR jacket is particularly suitable for use in areas where it is
exposed to chemicals and mechanical strain. It is designed for fixed installation within
buildings (inhouse cabling).
5.7
FC ground cable
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FC ground cable 6GK1 830-3FH10
The FC ground cable 6GK1 830-3FH10 meets the requirements of IEC 61158-2 /
EN 61158-2, cable type A, with solid copper cores (AWG 22). The internal structure of the
cable corresponds to that of the standard bus cable, the electrical characteristics are
identical. The cable has an additional PE outer jacket. The outer and inner jackets are
bonded together so that the FC ground cable can be fitted with all SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS
connectors after removing the outer jacket.
After removing the outer jacket, the structure of the cable also allows use of the FastConnect
(FC) stripping tool for fast stripping of the inner cable (see Installation instructions for
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT (Page 138)).
Properties
The characteristics of the ground cable differ from those of the standard bus cable as
follows:
● Improved resistance to abrasion
● Improved resistance to oil and grease complying with VDE 0472, Part 803, Test Type B
● Resistant to UV radiation
● Larger outer diameter and heavier
● The jacket material is flammable
● Resistant to water and steam
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5.8 FC trailing cable
Use
Due to its additional outer PE jacket, this cable is suitable for underground cabling (campus
cabling).
5.8
FC trailing cable
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Structure of the trailing cable
Trailing cable 6XV1 830-3EH10
The trailing cable 6XV1 8303EH10 corresponds to the specification IEC 61158-2 /
EN 61158-2, cable type A, with stranded copper cores (approximately AWG 24 19/36) with
the exception of the higher d.c.loop resistance.
This difference means a reduced segment length; refer to the tables in Section "Network
configuration (Page 41)".
In contrast to the standard bus cable, the cores of the trailing cable are of stranded copper.
In conjunction with the special combination of braid shield, foil shield, and the jacket material
of polyurethane, the cable is extremely flexible while retaining highly constant electrical
characteristics.
If you connect to screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules
(0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228).
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the outer jacket, see Section "Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT (Page 138)".
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
Properties
The characteristics of the trailing cable differ from those of the standard bus cable as follows:
● Extremely good resistance to abrasion
● Resistance to mineral oils and fats
● Extremely good resistance to UV radiation
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5.8 FC trailing cable
● Small bending radii for installation and operation
● Due to the smaller Cu crosssection, the d.c. loop resistance and the HF attenuation are
higher which means a reduced segment length.
● The jacket material is flame resistant
Use
The trailing cable is designed for a minimum of 4 million bending cycles at the specified
bending radius and a maximum acceleration of 4 m/s2 and is therefore particularly suitable
for installation in drag chains.
Note
During installation and operation, all mechanical requirements for the cable such as bending
radii, tensile strain etc. must be kept to.
Figure 5-8
126
Example of using the PROFIBUS trailing cable in a drag chain
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.9 PROFIBUS FC trailing cable
Segment lengths
Due to the increased loop resistance, somewhat shorter segment lengths are permitted at
low transmission speeds, see Section "Network configuration (Page 41)". For transmission
speeds ≤ 500 kbps, the trailing cable has the same values as the standard bus cable.
Note
If you connect to screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules
(0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
5.9
PROFIBUS FC trailing cable
The FC trailing cable 6XV1 831-2L is the same as the PB FC trailing cable (6XV1 830
3EH10) but has a violet outer jacket.
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Structure of the FC trailing cable
Trailing cable 6XV1 831-2L
The trailing cable 6XV1 831-2L corresponds to the specification IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2,
cable type A, with stranded copper cores (approximately AWG 24 19/36) with the exception
of the higher loop resistance.
This difference means a reduced segment length; refer to the tables in Section Network
configuration (Page 41).
In contrast to the standard bus cable, the cores of the trailing cable are of stranded copper.
In conjunction with the special combination of braid shield, foil shield, and the jacket material
of polyurethane, the cable is extremely flexible while retaining highly constant electrical
characteristics.
If you connect to screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules
(0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228).
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.9 PROFIBUS FC trailing cable
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the outer jacket, see Section Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT (Page 138).
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
Properties
The characteristics of the trailing cable differ from those of the standard bus cable as follows:
● Extremely good resistance to abrasion
● Resistance to mineral oils and fats
● Extremely good resistance to UV radiation
● Small bending radii for installation and operation
● Due to the smaller Cu crosssection, the d.c. loop resistance and the HF attenuation are
higher which means a reduced segment length.
● The jacket material is flame resistant
Use
The trailing cable is designed for a minimum of 4 million bending cycles at the specified
bending radius and a maximum acceleration of 4 m/s2 and is therefore particularly suitable
for installation in drag chains.
Note
During installation and operation, all mechanical requirements for the cable such as bending
radii, tensile strain etc. must be kept to.
Segment lengths
Due to the increased loop resistance, somewhat shorter segment lengths are permitted at
low transmission speeds, see Section Network configuration (Page 41). At transmission
speeds 500 kbps, the trailing cable has the same values as the standard bus cable.
Note
If you connect to screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules
(0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
128
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5.10 PROFIBUS festoon cable
5.10
PROFIBUS festoon cable
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Structure of the festoon cable
Festoon cable 6XV1 8303GH10
The festoon cable 6XV1 830-3GH10 corresponds to the specification IEC 61158-2 /
EN 61158-2, cable type A, with stranded copper cores (approximately AWG 24 19/36) with
the exception of the higher d.c. loop resistance.
This difference means a reduced segment length; refer to the table in Section "Network
configuration (Page 41)".
With its flexible structure, the festoon cable 6XV18303GH10 can be used in festoons with
large and small cable loops. The cable carries its own weight but is not suitable for tensile
loading > 80 N.
The outer jacket is labeled "SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS RS485 Festoon Cable 6XV18303GH10 * (UL) CMX 75 °C (SHIELDED) AWG 24" and has meter markings.
If screw terminals are used, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules (0.25
mm2 complying with DIN 46228).
The cable is not suitable for use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool.
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
Use
The bus cable for festoons is designed for at least 5 million bending cycles at the specified
bending radius and at a maximum acceleration of 4 m/s2.
Note
During installation and operation, all mechanical requirements for the cable such as bending
radii, tensile strain etc. must be kept to.
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5.10 PROFIBUS festoon cable
Example of installation
:
Stopper
Lead runner
Runner
Kink protection
Clip
Pulling cord
to provide strain relief for the cable
Figure 5-11
Installation of the PROFIBUS festoon cable (schematic)
Segment lengths
Due to the increased loop resistance, somewhat shorter segment lengths are permitted at
low transmission speeds, see Section "Network configuration (Page 41)". For transmission
speeds ≤ 500 kbps, the trailing cable has the same values as the standard bus cable.
Note
If you connect to screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules
(0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
Installation guidelines
The cable must be unwound at a tangent from the drum and installed in the cable carriage
free of torsion.
The cable must be mounted on a flat cable carriage on a round half-shell support (angle
between cable and half-shell 90 degrees) and the radius of the half-shell must be greater
than > 70 mm.
The strain relief mechanisms on the cable carriage must have rubber clamps to avoid
crimping the cable.
Other cables installed in the festoon must not cause bends tighter than the minimum bending
radius of the trailing cable.
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5.11 PROFIBUS torsion cable
Figure 5-12
5.11
Example of the use of the PROFIBUS festoon cable
PROFIBUS torsion cable
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Structure of the torsion cable (robot cable)
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.11 PROFIBUS torsion cable
Torsion cable 6XV1 8300FH10
The torsion cable 6XV1 830-0PH10 corresponds to the specification IEC 61158-2 /
EN 61158-2, cable type A, with stranded copper cores (approximately AWG 24 19/36) with
the exception of the higher d.c.loop resistance.
This difference means a reduced segment length; refer to the table in Section "Network
configuration (Page 41)".
In contrast to the standard bus cable, the cores of the torsion cable are of stranded copper.
In conjunction with the special combination of braid shield, foil shield, fleece layer and the
jacket material of polyurethane, the cable has a torsional strength of ±180° while retaining
highly constant electrical characteristics. The cable has been tested to a minimum of 5
million torsional movements on 1 m cable length (±180°).
If screw terminals are used, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules (0.25
mm2 complying with DIN 46228).
The cable is not suitable for use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool.
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
Properties
The characteristics of the flexible cable differ from those of the standard bus cable as
follows:
● The jacket material is free of halogens (polyurethane, PUR)
● Extremely good resistance to abrasion
● Resistance to mineral oils and fats
● Extremely good resistance to UV radiation
● Small bending radii for installation and operation
● Due to the smaller copper crosssection, the d.c. loop resistance and the HF attenuation
are higher which means reduced segment lengths.
● The jacket material is flame resistant
Use
The flexible cable is designed for torsion of ±180° and is therefore particularly suitable for
networking moving plant parts, for example robots.
Note
If you connect to screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules
(0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
132
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5.12 PROFIBUS FC flexible cable
5.12
PROFIBUS FC flexible cable
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Structure of the FC flexible cable
Bus cable for occasional movement 6XV1 831-2K
The double shield makes it especially suitable for laying in industrial areas with strong
electro-magnetic fields. A consistent grounding concept can be implemented via the outer
shield of the bus cable and the ground terminals of the bus terminal.
Properties
● High noise immunity due to double shielding
● Flame-retardant bus cable (halogen-free)
● Bus cable for occasional movement (for example a cabinet door)
● Silicone-free, therefore particularly suitable for use in the automotive industry (for
example on paint shop conveyors)
Use
For machine parts that move occasionally or cabinet doors.
Not suitable for drag chains.
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5.13 PROFIBUS hybrid standard cable GP
Segment lengths
Due to the increased loop resistance, somewhat shorter segment lengths are permitted at
low transmission speeds, see Section "Network configuration (Page 41)". For transmission
speeds ≤ 500 kbps, the trailing cable has the same values as the standard bus cable.
Note
If you connect to screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend ferrules
(0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 bus connectors cannot be connected.
5.13
PROFIBUS hybrid standard cable GP
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Structure of the FC hybrid standard cable GP
Standard bus cable 6XV1 860-2R
Standard hybrid cable with two copper conductors for data transmission and two copper
conductors for the power supply of ET 200pro
Properties
The characteristics of the hybrid cable differ from those of the standard bus cable as follows:
● Resistance to mineral oils and fats
● Small bending radii for installation and operation
● The jacket material is flame resistant
● Extremely resistant to tensile load
● The jacket material is not halogen-free
● Extremely high operating voltage
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5.14 PROFIBUS Hybrid Robust Cable
Use
Standard PROFIBUS hybrid cable with 2 power conductors (1.5 mm2) for supply of data and
power to ET 200pro.
5.14
PROFIBUS Hybrid Robust Cable
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Structure of the FC hybrid robust cable
Robust bus cable 6XV1 860-2S capable of trailing
Rugged hybrid cable suitable for trailing with two copper conductors for data transmission
and two copper conductors for the power supply of ET 200pro.
Properties
The characteristics of the hybrid cable differ from those of the standard bus cable as follows:
● Very good resistance to mineral oil and greases
● Small bending radii for installation and operation
● Very high number of bending cycles of 3,000,000 bends
● The jacket material is flame resistant and resistant to weld beads
● Extremely resistant to tensile load
● The jacket material is halogen-free
● Extremely high operating voltage
Use
Robust PROFIBUS hybrid cable with 2 power conductors (1.5 mm2) for supply of data and
power to ET 200pro.
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Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks
5.15 SIENOPYR FR marine cable
5.15
SIENOPYR FR marine cable
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SIENOPYRFR marine cable 6XV18300MH10
The SIENOPYRFR marine cable meets the requirements of IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2,
cable type A. The inner conductor consists of 7-strand copper wires (approximately AWG
22). The outer jacket of crosslinked, halogenfree polymer is extremely resistant to lubricants
and fuels, hydraulic fluid, cold cleansing agents and deionized water.
The outer jacket of the SIENOPYRFR marine cable can be removed separately so that the
inner jacket can be fitted into all PROFIBUS connectors with an 8 mm cable inlet.
The cable is not suitable for use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool.
Properties
The SIENOPYRFR marine cable has the following properties:
● Halogen-free
● Resistant to diesel fuel, ASTM oil, hydraulic fluid, cold cleansing agents, deionized water
complying with VG 95 218 Part 2
● Resistance to ozone complying with DIN VDE 0472 Part 805, test type B
● Burning behavior complying with DIN VDE 0472 Part 804, test type C
● Corrosivity of combustion gases complying with DIN VDE 0472 Part 813 (corresponds to
IEC 607542)
● Shipbuilding approvals (Germanischer Lloyd, Lloyd's Register, Registro Italiano Navale)
Use
The SIENOPYRFR marine cable is intended for fixed installation on ships and offshore
facilities in all rooms and on open decks.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.1
6
The FastConnect system
Area of application
PROFIBUS FastConnect is a system for fast and easy assembly of PROFIBUS copper
cables.
Design
The system comprises three compatible components:
● FastConnect bus cables for fast assembly
● FastConnect stripping tool
● FastConnect bus connectors for PROFIBUS (with insulation piercing technique)
Note
All PROFIBUS FastConnect bus cables can also be fitted into the normal bus connectors
with screw terminals.
Functions
The FastConnect stripping system allows PROFIBUS connectors to be fitted to PROFIBUS
bus cables extremely quickly.
The special design of the FastConnect bus cables permits the use of the FastConnect
stripping tool, with which the outer jacket and the braided shield can be removed to measure
in one operation. Cables prepared in this way are attached to the FastConnect bus
connectors using the insulation displacement method.
Designed for Industry
● Reduction of the connection times of end devices by removing the outer jacket and braid
shield in one operation.
● Simple connector fitting with the preset FC stripping tool.
● Correct contact in the PROFIBUS FC connector can be checked without opening the
connector thanks to the transparent cover of the insulation displacement terminals and
color coding for the core assignment.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.2 Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT
6.2
Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS FAST
CONNECT
Fitting connectors
1. How to hold the stripping tool in your right hand
2. Measuring the cable length by placing the cable on the
template. End stop with the index finger of your
left hand.
3. Insert the measured end of the cable into the tool.
The index finger of your left hand
is used as a limit stop.
4. Clamp the cable in the stripping tool as far as the limit
stop.
5. Turn the stripping tool
approx. 4 times for PVC insulation, approx. 8 times for PUR
or PE insulation
in the direction of the arrow.
6. Keeping the tool closed, remove it from the end
of the cable. If the cut is poor,
change the blade cassette.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.2 Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT
7. Remnants remain in the tool. After opening
the tool, the remnants of the cable can be removed.
8. If the white filler compound was not removed during
stripping,
remove it by hand.
9. The protective foil is easier to remove if you score it
between
the wires with a screwdriver.
10. Remove the protective foil from the cores.
11. After stripping the wires, the cable can be inserted in
the FastConnect PB plug.
12. Replace the knife cassette after approx.
- 1500 operations on cables with PVC
outer jackets
- 150 operations on cables with
PUR outer jackets
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
6.3
FastConnect D-sub bus connector
6.3.1
Area of application and technical specifications of the FastConnect connector
Use of the FastConnect bus connector
Using the D-sub and M12 bus connectors for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS:
● Nodes with an electrical interface complying with IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2 can be
connected directly to the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables
● Electrical segments or individual nodes can be connected to the optical link module
(OLM, OBT).
● Nodes or programming devices can be connected to a repeater.
Note
The integrated bus terminating resistors and the mechanical specifications of the
SIMATIC NET bus connectors are tailored to the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables (cable
type A of the PROFIBUS standard IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2). Fitting bus connectors to
cables with different electrical or mechanical properties can cause problems during
operation!
Area of application
You require bus connectors to attach the PROFIBUS cables to 9pin D-sub interfaces. Within
the FastConnect system, there are various bus connectors with degree of protection IP 20.
The different applications for these connectors are shown in the table below.
Table 6- 1
Design and applications of the IP20 FastConnect bus connectors
Order numbers:
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BA52-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB52-0XA0
6ES7 972 0BA60-0XA0
6ES7 972 0BB60-0XA0
6GK1 500-0FC10
Design
Recommended
for:
IM 308-B
IM 308-C
X
X
X
IM 467
140
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
Order numbers:
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BA52-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB52-0XA0
6ES7 972 0BA60-0XA0
6ES7 972 0BB60-0XA0
X
X
S7-300
X
X
X
S7-400
X
X
X
X
X
S7-200
C7-633 DP
C7-634 DP
X
X
X
C7 -635
X
X
X
C7 -636
X
X
X
S5-115U to 155U X
X
X
X
X
X
CP 5613 /
6GK1 500-0FC10
X
X
CP 5614
CP 5512
X
X
X
X
CP 5511
X
X
X
X
CP 5611
X
X
X
X
CP 5621
X
X
X
X
CP 5431
FMS/DP
X
X
X
CP 342-5
X
X
CP 343-5
X
X
CP 443-5
X
X
ET 200B
X
X
X
ET 200L
X
X
X
ET 200M
X
X
X
ET 200S
X
X
X
PG 720/720C
X
X
PG 740
X
X
PG 760
X
RS-485 repeater
X
X
X
X
X
X
OP
OLM/OBT
X
X
X
X
Technical specifications
The following table shows the technical data of the various bus connectors:
Table 6- 2
Technical specifications of the IP20 bus connectors
Order numbers:
6ES7 9720BA30-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BA52-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB52-0XA0
6ES7 9720BA60-0XA0
6ES7 9720BB60-0XA0
6GK1 500-0FC10
PG socket
No
0BA52: No
0BA60: No;
No
0BB52: Yes
0BB60: Yes
9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps
9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps
Max. transmission
speed
1.5 Mbps
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9.6 Kbps to 12 Mbps
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
Order numbers:
6ES7 9720BA30-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BA52-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB52-0XA0
6ES7 9720BA60-0XA0
6ES7 9720BB60-0XA0
6GK1 500-0FC10
Cable outlet
30°
90 °
35 °
180 °
Terminating resistor
and disconnect function
No
Integrated
Integrated
Integrated
Interfaces
• to PROFIBUS node
• to PROFIBUS bus
cable
•
•
Power supply
-
4.75 to 5.25 V DC
4.75 to 5.25 V DC
4.75 to 5.25 V DC
-
Max. 5 mA
Max. 5 mA
Max. 5 mA
9-pin D-sub male •
•
4 insulation
piercing
terminals for all
PROFIBUS
cables (except
for FC process
cable, not for
stranded cores)
9-pin D-sub male
4 insulation piercing
terminals for all
PROFIBUS cables
(except FC process
cable)
•
•
9-pin D-sub male
4 insulation
piercing terminals
for all PROFIBUS
cables (except FC
process cable)
•
•
9-pin D-sub male
4 insulation
piercing terminals
for all PROFIBUS
cables (except FC
process cable)
(must come from end
device)
Current input
Permissible ambient
conditions
• Operating
temperature
• Transportation/stora
ge temperature
• Relative humidity
•
0 °C to +60 °C
•
0 °C to +60 °C
•
0 °C to +60 °C
•
0 °C to +60 °C
•
-25 °C to +80 °C
•
-25 °C to +80 °C
•
-25 °C to +80 °C
•
-25 °C to +80 °C
•
max. 75 % at
+25 °C
•
max. 75% at +25 °C
•
max. 75% at
+25 °C
•
max. 75% at
+25 °C
Construction
• Dimensions
(WxHxD)
• Weight
•
•
15 x 58 x 34
Approx. 30 g
•
•
72.7x16x34
Approx. 50 g
•
•
72.7x16x34
Approx. 50 g
•
•
61.7x16x35
Approx. 50 g
Type of protection
IP20
IP20
IP20
IP20
Connectable
PROFIBUS cable
diameter
8 ± 0.5 mm
8 ± 0.5 mm
8 ± 0.5 mm
8 ± 0.5 mm
Disconnect function
The disconnect function means that the outgoing bus cable is disconnected from the bus
when the terminating resistor is activated. If the terminating resistor is accidentally activated
in the middle of the bus cable, the error can be recognized and localized immediately due to
the nodes that are no longer accessible.
142
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
Disconnecting a station
The bus connector allows you to disconnect a node from the bus without interrupting the
data traffic on the bus.
Removing the bus connector when the terminating resistor is activated at the ends of the
cable causes disruptions on the bus and is not permitted.
Bus connector with a programming device socket
We recommend that you include at least one bus connector with a PG socket in each bus
segment. This makes it easier to commission using a programming device or PC.
In the bus connectors with a PG socket, all the contacts are connected 1:1 with the
connector pins; in other words, the pinout is the same as the pinout of the attached device.
Pinout of the D-sub male connector
The following table shows the pinout of the 9pin D-sub male connector.
Table 6- 3
Pinout of the 9-pin D-sub male connector
Pin no.
Signal name
Description
1
-
-
2
-
-
3
RxD/TxD-P
Data line B
4
-
-
5
M5V2
Data reference potential (from node)
6
P5V2
Power supply plus (from node)
7
-
-
8
RxD/TxD-N
Data line A
9
-
-
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
6.3.2
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 9720BA300XA0)
Visual appearance (6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0)
Screws for
securing to
the station
9-pin male D-sub connector
for connection to the station
Housing screw
Figure 6-1
Bus connector (order number 6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0)
Connecting up the bus cable
Connect up the bus cable to the bus connector with order number 6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0
as follows:
● Strip the insulation as shown in the following figure.
6,(0(16
6,(0(16
Figure 6-2
Length of cable stripped for connection to bus connector (6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0)
● Open the casing of the bus connector by undoing the screws and removing the cover.
● Press the bus cable into the strain relief clips. The cable shield must lie directly on the
metal guide.
● Place the green and red wires in the cable guides above the insulation piercing contacts
as shown in the following figure.
Always connect the same wires to the same terminal A or B (for example green wire to
terminal A, red wire to terminal B).
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6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
● Press the red and green wires into the insulation piercing contacts lightly using your
thumb.
● Secure the cover with the screws.
Guides
A BA B
Insulation displacement
terminals
Guides
Strain relief
Figure 6-3
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0)
Note
The bus connector 6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0 cannot be fitted to bus cables with stranded
cores.
6.3.3
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx52 ...)
Visual appearance (6ES7 972 0Bx52 ...)
Figure 6-4
Connecting bus connector 6ES7 972-0Bx52-0XA0
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
Connecting up the bus cable
Connect up the bus cable to the bus connector with order number 6ES7 972 0Bx52 ... as
follows:
Figure 6-5
Bus connector 6ES7 972-0Bx52-0XA0
① Cable shield
② Bus cable (for example 6XV1 830-0EH10)
strip, for example with stripping tool 6GK1 905-6AA00
③ Cover for insulation piercing contacts
Insert the green and red wires as far as the limit stop in the open contact cover
Close the contact cover completely (push down as far as the limit stop)
④ Press the cable into the recess (the cable shield must lie on the contact element)
⑤ Close the housing cover and screw down
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
⑥ PG connector (only with 6ES7972-0BB51-0XA0)
Note
The bus cables are connected using the insulation piercing technique (Fast Connect).
The insulation piercing terminals are designed for 10 connection cycles. If you want to reuse
a cable that has already been connected, you will first need to cut off the end.
6.3.4
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx60 ...)
Visual appearance (6ES7 972-0Bx60 ...)
Figure 6-6
Bus connector 6ES7 972-0Bx60-XA00
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
Connecting up the bus cable
Connect the bus cable to the bus connector with order number 6ES7 972-0Bx60 as follows:
Figure 6-7
Bus connector (order number 6ES7 972-0Bx60-0XA0)
① Cable shield
② Bus cable (for example 6XV1 830-0EH10)
strip, for example with stripping tool 6GK1 905-6AA00
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
③ Cover for insulation piercing contacts
Insert the green and red wires as far as the limit stop in the open contact cover
Close the contact cover completely (push down as far as the limit stop)
④ Press the cable into the recess (the cable shield must lie on the contact element)
⑤ Close the housing cover and screw down
⑥ PG connector (only with 6ES7972-0BB60-0XA0)
Bus connection
● Bus connection for first and last node on PROFIBUS.
The cable must always be connected on the left (see A1, B1).
Switch setting for the first and last node on PROFIBUS: "ON" (terminating resistor
activated).
● Bus connection for all other nodes on PROFIBUS.
The incoming cable must always be connected on the left (A1, B1). The outgoing cable
must always be connected on the right (A2, B2).
Switch setting for all other nodes on PROFIBUS: "OFF" (terminating resistor deactivated).
If the switch is set to "ON", the PROFIBUS to the remaining nodes is disconnected at this
point (for example during servicing).
Note
The bus cables are connected using the insulation piercing technique (Fast Connect).
The insulation piercing terminals are designed for 10 connection cycles. If you want to
reuse a cable that has already been connected, you will first need to cut off the end.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
6.3.5
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6GK1 500-0FC10)
Visual appearance (6GK1 500-0FC10)
Figure 6-8
150
Bus connector 6GK1 500-0FC10
PROFIBUS Network Manual
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
Connecting up the bus cable
Connect the bus cable to the bus connector with order number 6GK1 500-0FC00 as follows:
Figure 6-9
Connecting up bus connector 6GK1500-0FC10
① Cable shield
② Strip bus cable (for example 6XV1 830-0EH10) for example with stripping tool
6GK1 905-6AA00
③ Cover for insulation piercing contacts
Insert the green and red wires as far as the limit stop in the open contact cover
Close the contact cover completely (push down as far as the limit stop)
④ Press the cable into the recess (the cable shield must lie on the contact element)
⑤ Close the housing cover and screw down
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.3 FastConnect D-sub bus connector
Note
The bus cables are connected using the insulation piercing technique (Fast Connect).
The insulation piercing terminals are designed for 10 connection cycles. If you want to reuse
a cable that has already been connected, you will first need to cut off the end.
6.3.6
Inserting the bus connector (D-sub) in the module
Connecting the bus connector
Follow the steps below to connect the bus connector:
● Plug the bus connector into the module.
● Screw the bus connector tightly onto the module.
● If the bus connector is located at the start or the end of a segment, you must connect the
terminating resistor ("ON" switch setting) (refer to the following figure).
It is not possible to activate the terminating resistor on the bus connector
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0.
Note
Please note that:
• By activating the terminating resistor, the outgoing bus cable is disconnected from the
incoming bus cable.
• Stations equipped with a terminating resistor must always be supplied with power
when the network starts up and during operation.
Terminating resistor
activated
on
off
Figure 6-10
Terminating resistor
NOT activated
on
off
Bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx12-...): Terminating resistor on and off
Removing the bus connector
You can unplug a bus connector with a looped-through bus cable at any time from the
PROFIBUS DP interface without interrupting data exchange on the bus.
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6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
NOTICE
A bus segment must always be terminated with the terminating resistor at both ends. This
is not the case, for example, if the last bus connector node is de-energized. Because the
bus connector takes its voltage from the station, this terminating resistor is ineffective.
Make sure that the stations on which the terminating resistor is activated are always
supplied with power.
As an alternative, the PROFIBUS terminator can also be used for active bus termination,
see Section PROFIBUS terminator (active RS485 terminator) (Page 81).
6.4
D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
6.4.1
Use of the D-sub bus connector
Use
Using the bus connector for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS:
● Nodes with an electrical 9pin D-sub interface complying with IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2
can be connected directly to the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables
● Electrical segments or individual nodes can be connected to the optical link module
(OLM, OBT).
● Nodes or programming devices can be connected to a repeater.
Note
The integrated bus terminators and the mechanical specifications of the SIMATIC NET
bus connectors are tailored to the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables (cable type A of the
PROFIBUS standard IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2). Fitting bus connectors to cables with
different electrical or mechanical properties can cause problems during operation!
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
6.4.2
Area of application and technical specifications of the bus connectors
Area of application
You require bus connectors to attach the PROFIBUS bus cable to 9pin D-sub interfaces. The
various bus connectors with degree of protection IP20 and the situations in which they are
used are listed in the following table.
Table 6- 4
Design and applications of the IP20 bus connectors
Order numbers:
6ES7 972-0BA12-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB12-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BA41-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB41-0XA0
6GK1 500-0EA02
SIEMENS
Recommended for:
IM 308-B
IM 308-C
X
IM 467
X
Use in PLC with integrated
interface:
S7-200
X
S7-300
X
X
S7-400
X
X
C7-633 DP
X
X
C7-634 DP
X
X
C7 -635
X
X
C7 -636
X
X
S5-115U - S5-155U
X
X
IM 308 C
X
X
CP 5431 FMS/DP
X
X
CP 342-5
X
CP 343-5
X
X
CP 443-5
X
X
M7-300
Use in PLC with
Use in PG with
MPI interface
154
X
PROFIBUS Network Manual
System Manual, Edition 04/2009, C79000-G8976-C124-03
Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
Order numbers:
6ES7 972-0BA12-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB12-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BA41-0XA0
6ES7 972-0BB41-0XA0
IM 467
X
X
CP 5512
X
X
6GK1 500-0EA02
Use in PG with
X
X
CP 5411
CP 5511
X
X
X
CP 5611
X
X
X
CP 5613/14
X
X
X
ET 200B
X
X
ET 200L
X
X
ET 200M
X
X
ET 200S
X
X
PG 720/720C
X
X
PG 740
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
PG 760
Repeater
OP
OLM
Use in SINUMERIK 840 C and
805 SM
X
IM 328N
X
IM 329N
Use in NC 840 D and FM NC
SIMODRIVE 611 MCU
CP 342-5
X
Use in TI 505
X
TI 505 FIM
TI 505 PROFIBUS DP
X
RBC
Technical specifications
The following table shows the technical data of the various bus connectors:
Table 6- 5
Technical specifications of the IP20 bus connectors
Order numbers
6ES7 972... 0BA12-0XA0
... 0BB12-0XA0
6ES7 972... 0BA41-0XA0
... 0BB41-0XA0
6GK1 5000EA02
PG socket
0BA12: No
0BA41: No
No
0BB12: Yes
0BB41: Yes
Max. transmission speed
12 Mbps
12 Mbps
12 Mbps
Terminating resistor and
disconnect function
Integrated
Integrated
Integrated
Cable outlet
90 °
35°
180 °
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
Order numbers
6ES7 972... 0BA12-0XA0
... 0BB12-0XA0
6ES7 972... 0BA41-0XA0
... 0BB41-0XA0
6GK1 5000EA02
to PROFIBUS node
9-pin D-sub male
9-pin D-sub male
9-pin D-sub male
to PROFIBUS bus cable
4 terminal blocks for wires
up to 1.5 mm2
4 terminal blocks for wires
up to 1.5 mm2
4 terminal blocks for wires
up to 1.5 mm2
Connectable PROFIBUS cable 8 ± 0.5 mm
diameter
8 ± 0.5 mm
8 ± 0.5 mm
Power supply (must be
provided by end device)
4.75 to 5.25 V DC
4.75 to 5.25 V DC
4.75 to 5.25 V DC
Current input
Max. 5 mA
Max. 5 mA
Max. 5 mA
Transportation/storage
temperature
0 °C to +60 °C
0 °C to +60 °C
0 °C to +55 °C
-25 °C to +80 °C
-25 °C to +80 °C
-25 °C to +70 °C
Relative humidity
max. 75 % at +25 °C
max. 75 % at +25 °C
max. 95 % at +25 °C
Dimensions
(in mm)
15.8 x 54 x 34
16 x 54 x 38
15 x 39 x 57
Weight
Approx. 40 g
Approx. 40 g
Approx. 100 g
Interfaces
Permitted ambient conditions
Operating temperature
Disconnect function
The disconnect function means that the outgoing bus cable is disconnected from the bus
when the terminating resistor is activated. If the terminating resistor is accidentally activated
in the middle of the bus cable, the error can be recognized and localized immediately due to
the nodes that are no longer accessible.
Disconnecting a station
The bus connector allows you to disconnect a node from the bus without interrupting the
data traffic on the bus.
Removing the bus connector when the terminating resistor is activated at the ends of the
cable causes disruptions on the bus and is not permitted.
Bus connector with a programming device socket
We recommend that you include at least one bus connector with a PG socket in each bus
segment. This makes it easier to commission using a programming device or PC.
In the bus connectors with a PG socket, all the contacts are connected 1:1 with the
connector pins; in other words, the pinout is the same as the pinout of the attached device.
156
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6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
Pinout of the D-sub male connector
The following table shows the pinout of the 9pin D-sub male connector.
Table 6- 6
6.4.3
Pinout of the 9-pin D-sub male connector
Pin no.
Signal name
Description
1
-
-
2
-
-
3
RxD/TxD-P
Data line B
4
-
-
5
M5V2
Data reference potential (station)
6
P5V2
Supply plus (station)
7
-
-
8
RxD/TxD-N
Data line A
9
-
-
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx12 ...)
Appearance (6ES7 972-0B.12 ...)
6FUHZVIRU
VHFXULQJWR
WKHVWDWLRQ
SLQPDOH'VXEFRQQHFWRU
IRUFRQQHFWLRQWRWKHVWD
WLR Q
3*VRFNHWRQO\IRU
(6%%;$
6ZLWFKIRU
7HUPLQDWLQJUHVLVWRU
Figure 6-11
*XLGHVIRU
352),%86EXVFDEOH
+RXVLQJVFUHZV
Bus connector (order number 6ES7 972-0Bx12 ...)
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
Connecting up the bus cable
Connect up the bus cable to the bus connector with order number 6ES7 972-0Bx12 ... as
follows:
● Strip the bus cable as shown in the figure below using the FastConnect stripping tool
(sizes and lengths are shown in the table on the rear of the tool).
6XV1 830−0EH10
6XV1 830−3FH10
6,(0(16
6,(0(16
Figure 6-12
Length of cable stripped for connection to bus connector (6ES7 972-0B.12 ...)
● Open the casing of the bus connector by undoing the screws and removing the cover.
● Insert the green and the red wire into the screw-terminal block as shown in the figure
below.
● Always connect the same wires to the same terminal A or B (for example green wire to
terminal A, red wire to terminal B).
● Press the cable jacket between the two clip bars. This secures the cable.
● Screw the green and red cores tight in the screw terminal.
Bus cable connector for first
and last station on the bus1
A B A B
1:
Bus cable connector for all
other stations on the bus
A B A B
The bus cable must always be connected to the lefthand side.
Figure 6-13
Bus cable attached to bus connector (6ES7 972-0xB12 ...)
● Screw the casing together.
Make sure that the cable shield is located directly below the shield clamp.
Note
Stranded cores must only be used in screw terminals with wireend ferrules fitted (0.25
mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
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6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
6.4.4
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx41)
Visual appearance (6ES7 972-0Bx41 ...)
Screws for
securing to
the station
9-pin
D-sub connector
for connection to
the station
PG socket (only for
6ES7972-0BB40-0XA0)
Housing screws
Figure 6-14
Bus connector (order number 6ES7 972-0Bx41...)
Connecting up the bus cable
Connect up the bus cable to the bus connector with order number 6ES7 972-0Bx41... as
follows:
● Strip the bus cable as shown in the figure below using the FastConnect stripping tool
(sizes and lengths are shown in the table on the rear of the tool).
6XV1 830−0EH10
6,(0(16
$
%
Figure 6-15
Length of cable stripped for connection to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx41...)
● Open the casing of the bus connector by undoing the screws and removing the cover.
● Insert the green and the red wire into the screw-terminal block as shown in the figure
below.
Always connect the same wires to the same terminal A or B (for example green wire to
terminal A, red wire to terminal B).
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
● Press the cable jacket between the two clip bars. This secures the cable.
● Screw the green and red cores tight in the screw terminal.
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WHUPLQDWLQJUHVL VWRUGHDFWLYDWHG
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Figure 6-16
Connecting the bus cable to bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx41...)
Note
Stranded cores must only be used in screw terminals with wireend ferrules fitted (0.25
mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
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6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
6.4.5
Connecting up the bus connector with axial cable outlet
Visual appearance (6GK1500-0EA02)
R3
R1
R2
L
L
L
L
A1B1A2B2
Bus cable connector and switch setting for first and last station on the bus
R3
R1
R2
L
L
L
L
A1B1A2B2
Bus cable connector and switch setting for all other stations on the bus
Figure 6-17
Connecting up the bus connector with axial cable outlet
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
Fitting the bus connector
Points to note about installing the bus connector with axial cable outlet (order number
6GK1 500-0EA02):
● Strip both cable ends as shown in the figure below with the FastConnect stripping tool
(sizes and lengths are shown in the table on the rear of the tool).
6,(0(16
$
%
Figure 6-18
Preparing the ends of the cable for the bus connector with axial cable outlet
● Undo the screws in the casing and remove the cover.
● Feed the wires into the terminals of the screw terminal blocks.
● Press the cable jacket between the two clip bars.
● Make sure that the cable shields are lying on the metal guide.
● When you connect to the screw terminals, the stranded cores must be fitted with wireend
ferrules (0.25 mm2 complying with DIN 46228).
● Make sure that the braid shield lies on the contact surfaces of the connector.
● Replace the cover and screw it tight.
● Activate the terminating resistor if the bus connector is at the end of a segment.
Note
Stranded cores must only be used in screw terminals with wireend ferrules fitted (0.25
mm2 complying with DIN 46228). Use only wireend ferrules made of materials with
permanently stable contact properties, for example copper with a tinplated surface (not
aluminum).
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6.4 D-sub bus connector with screw terminals
6.4.6
Inserting the bus connector (D-sub) in the module
Connecting the bus connector
Follow the steps below to connect the bus connector:
● Plug the bus connector into the module.
● Screw the bus connector tightly onto the module.
● If the bus connector is located at the start or the end of a segment, you must connect the
terminating resistor ("ON" switch setting) (refer to the following figure).
It is not possible to activate the terminating resistor on the bus connector
6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0.
Note
Please note that:
• By activating the terminating resistor, the outgoing bus cable is disconnected from the
incoming bus cable.
• Stations equipped with a terminating resistor must always be supplied with power
when the network starts up and during operation.
Terminating resistor
activated
on
off
Figure 6-19
Terminating resistor
NOT activated
on
off
Bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx12-...): Terminating resistor on and off
Removing the bus connector
You can unplug a bus connector with a looped-through bus cable at any time from the
PROFIBUS DP interface without interrupting data exchange on the bus.
NOTICE
A bus segment must always be terminated with the terminating resistor at both ends. This
is not the case, for example, if the last bus connector node is de-energized. Because the
bus connector takes its voltage from the station, this terminating resistor is ineffective.
Make sure that the stations on which the terminating resistor is activated are always
supplied with power.
As an alternative, the PROFIBUS terminator can also be used for active bus termination.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.5 M12 bus connector
6.5
M12 bus connector
6.5.1
Area of application and technical specifications of the M12 bus connectors
Use
Using the M12 bus connector for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS:
● Nodes with an electrical M12 interface can be connected directly to the SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS cables.
Note
The mechanical specifications of the SIMATIC NET bus connectors are tailored to the
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables (cable type A of the PROFIBUS standard
IEC 61158-2 / EN 61158-2). Fitting bus connectors to cables with different electrical or
mechanical properties can cause problems during operation!
Table 6- 7
Design and applications of the M12 bus connectors to IP65
M12 bus connector
with screw terminals
M12 bus connector
with insulation piercing terminals
6GK1 905-0EA00
6GK1 905-0EB00
6GK1 905-0EA10
6GK1 905-0EB10
ET 200pro
X
X
ET 200eco
X
X
Order numbers:
Design
ET 200B
ET 200L
ET 200M
ET 200S
PG 720/720C
PG 740
PG 760
RS-485 repeater
OP
OLM/OBT
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6.5 M12 bus connector
Table 6- 8
Technical specifications of the M12 bus connector to IP65
M12 bus connector
with screw terminals
M12 bus connector
with insulation piercing terminals
Order numbers:
6GK1 905-0EA00
6GK1 905-0EB00
6GK1 905-0EA10
6GK1 905-0EB10
Max. transmission speed
9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps
9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps
Cable outlet
180 °
180 °
Terminating resistor
No
No
Interfaces
• to PROFIBUS node
• to PROFIBUS bus cable
M12, B-coded
screw terminals
M12, B-coded
insulation piercing terminals
Permissible ambient conditions
• Operating temperature
• Transportation/storage temperature
• Relative humidity
– Transportation and storage
– Installed
•
•
-40 °C .. +85 °C
-40 °C .. +85 °C
•
•
-40 °C .. +85 °C
-40 °C .. +85 °C
5 .. 95 % without condensation
5 .. 100 % with condensation
5 .. 95 % without condensation
5 .. 100 % with condensation
Construction
• Dimensions (WxHxD)
• Weight
19 x 19 x 70 mm
40 g
19 x 19 x 73 mm
40 g
Type of protection
IP65/67
IP65/67
Connectable PROFIBUS cable diameter
8 ± 0.5 mm
8 ± 0.5 mm
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6.5 M12 bus connector
6.5.2
Connecting the bus cable to the FC M12 bus connector (6GK1 905-0Ex10)
Visual appearance (6GK1 905-0Ex10)
Figure 6-20
Visual appearance (6GK1 905-0Ex10)
Connecting up the bus cable
The instructions apply to the following cable types
166
PROFIBUS FC standard cable
6XV1 830-0EH10
PROFIBUS FC robust cable
6XV1 830-0JH10
PROFIBUS FC food cable
6XV1 830-0GH10
PROFIBUS FC ground cable
6XV1 830-3FH10
PROFIBUS FC FRNC cable
6XV1 830-0LH10
PROFIBUS FC trailing cable
6XV1 830-3EH10
PROFIBUS FC flexible cable
6XV1 830-2K
PROFIBUS festoon cable
6XV1 830-3GH10
PROFIBUS torsion cable
6XV1 830-0PH10
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6.5 M12 bus connector
Fitting connectors
Table 6- 9
Fitting the connector
1. Press the catch (c) in the direction of the arrow.
2. Unscrew the connector housing (b) from the
front part of the connector (a).
3. Fit the connector housing (b) over the cable.
4. Strip the cable as shown in the drawing using a
suitable stripping tool with the required
cutting depth or using the PROFIBUS stripping tool*.
* The stripping tool is not suitable for cables other than FC
cables.
5. In the stripping tool 6GK1 905-6AA00, use the
brown knife cassette 6GK1 905-6AB00.
6. Measure the cable length to be stripped by placing the
cable on the template. The correct length is indicated
by the marker with the number 6GK1 905-0EA10 or 0EB10.
7. Insert the cable. Your index finger acts as the
limit stop.
8. Clamp the stripping tool as far as it will go.
9. Turn the stripping tool as follows:
- 4 times for PVC cables,
- 8 times for PUR cables
in the direction of the arrow and remove the remains of the
jacket.
10. Open the flap (e) and push the PROFIBUS wires
according to the colored marking as far into the
holder as they will go.
11. Press down the holder flap (e) until it is fully closed.
Make sure that the jacket shield
fully covers the shield contact surface.
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6.5 M12 bus connector
12. Push the connector housing (b) up to the
front part of the connector (a).
13. Screw the connector housing and the front of the
connector together until the catch (c) locks in position.
14. Screw the pressure nut (d) and the connector
housing together.
Note
Replace the knife cassette if the cut edges become ragged or after approx.
• 1500 operations on cables with PVC outer jackets
• 150 operations on cables with PUR outer jackets
The piercing contacts of the PROFIBUS FC M12 Plug PRO can be released and reused up
to 10 times. Cable ends that have already been pierced must not be used again but must be
cut off.
Table 6- 10
Dismantling the plug
1. Release the pressure nut (d).
2. Press the catch (c) in the direction of the arrow and
at the same time unscrew the connector housing
from the front part of the connector.
3. Push the connector housing (b) to the back.
4. Open the holder flap (e) of the front part of the connector
by pushing up the inserted cable.
5. Remove the cable from the holder (e)
and pull the connector housing off the cable.
Further information
You will find further information on the cables, connectors and tools described here in the
IK PI catalog.
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6.5 M12 bus connector
6.5.3
Connecting the bus cable to the M12 bus connector (6GK1 905-0Ex00)
Visual appearance (6GK1 905-0Ex00)
Figure 6-21
6GK1905-0Ex00
Connecting up the bus cable
Figure 6-22
Inserting the bus cables in the M12 connector 6GK1 905-0Ex00
Suitable cables
SIMATIC NET PB M12 bus connectors are suitable for fitting to all
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.5 M12 bus connector
Fitting connectors to cables
Note
With some connectors, the insulation sleeve (g) is supplied separately. If this is the case,
prior to all other steps, fit the O-ring on to the shield (d) and insert the insulation sleeve (g)
into the coupling sleeve (f) as shown in the diagram above.
1. Push the clamping screw (a), pinch ring (b), sealing ring (c) and shield ring (d) with the Oring (e) fitted over the cable.
2. Strip the cable jacket and wire insulation as shown in the diagram.
3. Fold the cable shield over the shield ring (d).
4. Push the coupling sleeve (f) over the PROFIBUS wires and tighten the clamping screw
(a).
5. Fit the 0.5 mm² wire end ferrules to the PB stranded wires. Fit the green and red PB wires
into the screw terminals of the socket or plug insert (h/i) and screw tight.
6. Push the coupling sleeve (f) onto the socket or plug insert (h/i).
7. Screw the coupling sleeve (f) to the socket or plug insert (h/i).
Optional – Contacting pin 5 with the shield
Note
Contacting the shield with pin 5 is not recommended, see: PROFIBUS Interconnection
Technology Guideline V1.4.
If shield contact using pin 5 is specified by the manufacturer of your device, follow the steps
below:
1. Perform steps 1 to 4 as described above.
2. Strip the insulation from the ends of a 2.5 cm long piece of stranded wire 0.75 mm² (k) as
shown in the diagram.
3. Fit a wire end ferrule 0.75 mm² (m) to the prepared 5 mm long end of the wire and fit this
in pin 5 (shield contact) of the socket or plug insert (h/i) and screw tight.
4. Fit the 0.5 mm² wire end ferrules to the PROFIBUS stranded wires. Fit the green and red
PROFIBUS wires into the screw terminals of the socket or plug insert (h/i) and screw
tight.
5. Fit the other end of the stranded wire for the shield contact into one of the four grooves
on the side of the insulator body.
6. Push the coupling sleeve (f) onto the socket or plug insert (h/i) so that the metal bar F1
on the inner side presses the shield contact wire into the groove to contact the shield.
7. Screw the coupling sleeve (f) to the socket or plug insert (h/i).
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6.5 M12 bus connector
Pin assignment
View of the contact
face
6.5.4
Pin
(6GK1 905-0EA00)
Lead
Socket
(6GK1 905-0EB00)
Pin 1
not used
Pin 1
Pin 2
PROFIBUS A, green
Pin 2
Pin 3
not used
Pin 3
Pin 4
PROFIBUS B, red
Pin 4
Pin 5
Optional: Shield
Pin 5
Threaded joint
Shield
Threaded joint
View of the contact face
Inserting an M12 bus connector in a module
Properties
The M12-PROFIBUS connector of a device consists of an M12 socket for the incoming bus
signal and an M12 male connector for looping through the signal. This means that the M12
connector must be equipped with socket contacts for the incoming cable and pin contacts for
the outgoing cable.
Connecting the bus connector
To connect the bus connector to the device, follow the steps below:
1. Turn the connector so that the slot and key of the mating mechanism fit together.
2. Plug the bus connector loosely into the module.
3. By carefully turning the male connector, make sure the connector and socket are properly
interlocked (slot and key).
4. Secure the bus connector to the module with the locking nut (tightening torque 0.6 ±
0.1 Nm).
Terminating resistor and the start or end of a segment
If the device is located at the start or end of a segment, you will need to screw a bus
terminating resistor with pin contacts (6GK1 905-0EC00) or with socket contacts
(6GK1 905-0ED00) to the second bus connector of the device.
Closing unused M12 connection points
Close all unused M12 connection points with sealing caps (3RX9 802-0AA00) to achieve
degree of protection IP65 or IP67 (tightening torque 0.6 ± 0.1 Nm).
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6.6 M12 bus terminating resistor
6.6
M12 bus terminating resistor
Terminating resistor and the start and end of a segment
A PROFIBUS segment must always be terminated at both ends with a bus terminating
resistor.
For each M12 bus line, you require both a bus terminating resistor with pin contacts
(6GK1 905-0EC00) and with socket contacts (6GK1 905-0ED00).
Figure 6-23
6.6.1
M12 bus terminating resistor
Inserting an M12 bus terminating resistor in a module
Properties
The M12-PROFIBUS connector of a device consists of an M12 socket for the incoming bus
signal and an M12 male connector for looping through the signal.
At the start and end of a bus, instead of looping the bus through, a bus terminating resistor
must be fitted.
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6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
Fitting the bus terminating resistor
To connect the bus terminating resistor to the device, follow the steps below:
1. Turn the bus terminating resistor so that the slot and key of the mating mechanism fit
together.
2. Plug the bus terminating resistor loosely into the module.
3. By carefully turning the bus terminating resistor, make sure the connector and sockets
are properly interlocked (slot and key).
4. Secure the bus terminating resistor to the module with the locking nut (tightening torque
0.6 ± 0.1 Nm).
6.7
Bus terminals for RS485 networks
6.7.1
Versions available
Overview
A bus terminal is used to attach a single PROFIBUS node with an RS485 interface to the
PROFIBUS cable.
Bus terminals are available in the following versions:
Table 6- 11
Variants of the bus terminal
RS-485 bus terminal
With 1.5 m spur line
Bus terminal 12 M
Order no.: 6GK1 500-0AA10
With 1.5 m spur line and additional PG
interface
Order no.: 6GK1 500-0DA00
With 3 m spur line
Order no.: 6GK1 500-0AB00
Transmission speed
9.5 kbps to 1.5 Mbps
9.5 kbps to 12 Mbps
Power supply
5V/10 mA
5V/90 mA
from the node interface
from the node interface
Terminating resistor combination
integrated, can be added
Integrated, can be activated with
disconnect function
Casing degree of protection
IP20
IP20
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
6.7.2
Design and functions of the RS485 bus terminal
RS-485 bus terminal
The RS485 bus terminal is used to connect end devices with an RS485 interface to the bus
cable. This contains:
● 6 modular terminals for wires with a crosssectional area ≤1.5 mm2 to connect the
incoming and outgoing bus cable and, if necessary, the protective earth (PE)
● Screw down clamps for field contact
● a switch ("bus terminated") to allow termination at the end of an RS485 segment with the
characteristic impedance
● a spur line (preassembled either 1.5 m or 3 m long) with a 9pin D-sub male connector for
direct connection to an end device.
Terminator
The D-sub male connector is plugged into the D-sub female connector of the end device and
secured by screws. If the terminator is activated (switch setting "bus terminated"), the RS485
bus terminal requires current of max. 5 mA with a supply voltage of 5 V supplied by the end
device between pins 5 and 6 of the connector.
Table 6- 12
Pin
Pinout of the D-sub connector
Signal
Meaning
1
PE
Protective earth
2
NC
not used
3
B (RXD/TXD-P)
Data line B (receive/transmit data P)
4
NC
not used
5
M5V2 (DGND)
Data ground
6
P5V2 (VP)
+ 5 V (voltage plus)
7
NC
not used
8
A (RXD/TXD-N)
Data line A (receive/transmit data N)
9
NC
not used
Additional PG interface
The RS-485 bus terminal with additional PG interface has an additional 9-pin D-sub socket
on the front panel for connecting a device such as a programming device using a PG
connecting cable. The pinout is identical to that shown in the table above.
Note
The SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS RS-485 bus terminals are suitable for transmission speeds
≤ 1.5 Mbps.
At higher speeds, you should use the 12M bus terminal.
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6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
6.7.3
Design and functions of the 12M bus terminal
Figure 6-24
12M bus terminal (BT12M)
12M bus terminal
The 12M bus terminal is used to connect end devices with an RS485 interface to the bus
cable.
This contains:
● 1 terminal block with 6 terminals for wires with a crosssectional area <=1.5 mm2 to
connect the incoming and outgoing bus cable and, if necessary, the protective earth (PE)
● Screw down clamps for shield contact
two switches:
Right switch (`Termination`), to terminate the end of an incoming, electrical segment (A1,
B1) with the characteristic impedance (switch on). At the same time, the outgoing,
electrical segment (A2, B2) is interrupted.
Left switch, used to set the range of the transmission speed 9.6 kbps to 1.5 Mbps and
3 Mbps to 12 Mbps.
● A 1.5 m long spur line with a 9pin D-sub male connector for direct attachment to an end
device.
The D-sub male connector is plugged into the D-sub female connector of the end device and
secured by screws. The 12M bus terminal requires a current of 90 mA with a voltage of 5 V
supplied by the end device between pins 5 (M5) and 6 (P5) of the D-sub male connector.
A maximum of 32 BT12M terminals can be connected to one bus segment. If other
components, such as repeaters are connected to a bus segment, this reduces the maximum
number of 12M bus terminals that can be connected.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
off
9,6 k... 1,5 M
R
3 M... 12 M
on
on
Terminator
off
PE A1 B1 A2 B2 PE
Figure 6-25
Control elements
Termination
The termination must be activated on the first and last node on the bus segment. If
termination is activated (termination on), the connection between the incoming (A1, B1) and
outgoing (A2, B2) segment is interrupted. The advantage of this is that if a bus terminating
resistor is activated incorrectly, the stations after the bus terminal can no longer be
accessed. When a segment is started up, you can then make sure that no bus terminating
resistors are activated that are not located at the beginning or end of the network.
Note
Restriction when using the 12M bus terminal at 500 kbps
This restriction only affects segments longer than 80 m.
If the 12M bus terminal is operated at a transmission rate of 500 kbps along with the RS485
bus terminal with a 3.0 m spur line (6GK1 5000AB00), a minimum clearance of 5 m (= 5 m
PROFIBUS cable) must be maintained between the RS485 bus terminal with the 3.0 m spur
line. The 12M bus terminals can be located anywhere in the segment, in other words, there
is no minimum clearance that needs to be maintained. The 12M bus terminal can also be
included between two RS485 bus terminals with a 3.0 m spur line. The only important point
in this respect is that the PROFIBUS cable between the two RS485 bus terminals with 3.0 m
spur lines must be a total of at least 5 m long.
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6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
6.7.4
Mounting and attaching the bus cable(s)
Mounting methods
The bus terminal can be mounted in three different ways:
● By snapping it on to a 15 x 35 mm standard DIN rail to EN5002235x15
● By screwing it to a mounting plate using two fillister head screws. The following figure
shows the drilling template for mounting on a plate.
PP
Top edge of bus terminal
M4 thread or
through hole
4.2 mm
PP
PP
PP
Figure 6-26
Drilling template for the bus terminal
● Wall mounting (brick, concrete). You require 2 type 5 plugs, 2 half-round wood screws
DIN 96, size 3.5 , L70 and two washers DIN 125-4.3. The required holes are shown in the
figure in above
Note
Please make sure that the bus terminal is accessible for maintenance and installation
work even during operation.
To connect the bus cable, follow the steps below (see figure below):
● Open the bus cable at the point at which the bus terminal will be inserted.
● Strip approximately 33 mm of the outer jacket. Make that the braid shield is not damaged
when you strip the jacket.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
● Remove a length of approximately 12 mm of the braid shield and foil shield (the foil shield
can be left somewhat longer).
Figure 6-27
6,(0(16
6,(0(16
6FUHHQILOP
)ROGEUDLGVKLHOGEDFNRYHU
RXWHUMDFNHW
Preparing the bus cable for connection to the bus terminal
● Fold back the braid shield over the cable jacket.
● Strip approximately 10 mm from the end of the wires.
● Fit the bus cable to the terminal so that the braid shield is lying directly under the cable
clamp.
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6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
● Screw the ends of the wires to the appropriate terminals (if the cores are stranded, for
example, the trailing cable, 0.25 mm2 wireend ferrules complying with DIN 46228 must be
used).
● If the bus terminal is at the start or end of a segment, the integrated terminator must be
activated (switch set to Terminator on).
Note
The shield clamps are used solely to contact the shields and are not suitable as strainrelief clamps. This means that the bus cables must be secured as close as possible to
the bus terminals to provide mechanical strain relief.
Note
Bus terminals installed at the end of segments require the 5 V power supply from the end
device interface to supply the activated, integrated terminator.
The D-sub male connector must therefore always be plugged in and secured by screws.
The attached end device must not be turned off.
Note
The same wires (green or red) must always be connected to the same terminal A or B in
all bus terminals (and with all bus connections) and be uniform throughout the segment.
The following scheme is recommended for a PROFIBUS network:
• Connector A: green wire
• Connector B: red wire
Note
Notes on the 12M bus terminal
The 12M bus terminal may only be plugged into an interface when the power is off.
At the ends of a segment, the PROFIBUS cable must only be connected to terminal pair
A1, B1. Terminals A2, B2 are disconnected from the bus when the terminator is activated.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
6.7.5
Grounding measures
Grounding
If the bus terminal is mounted on a DIN rail (see figure below), the shield clamp makes largearea contact with the rail via an internal spring. To connect the cable shield with local
ground, a connection between the DIN rail over as short a distance as possible to local earth
is adequate.
Mounting with securing
screws on cabinet panel
MADE IN GERMANY
installation with standard
rail on cabinet panel
Wall mounting with
securing screws
MADE IN GERMANY
MADE IN GERMANY
MADE IN GERMANY
Bus
Bus
Bus
Bus
terminated
terminated
terminated
terminated
PE
PE
A B
A B
PE
PE
A B
PE
A B
PE
A B
A B
P
E
P
E
A B
A B
2)
1)
Schirmabfang/
Grounding bar
Schielded/
Grounding bar
1) If this grounding cable exceeds a length of 20 cm,
grounding must be via the cabinet panel (2).
Figure 6-28
Ways of installing and grounding the bus terminal
Note
The grounding bar and local ground must be connected together over as short a distance as
possible with a copper conductor with ≥ 6 mm2 cross section.
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
Note
The DIN rail must have a good conducting surface (for example tin plated).
Wall mounting
Note
If the bus terminal is mounted on a wall, at least one PE terminal must be connected to local
ground. This connection should be over the shortest possible distance.
6.7.6
Technical data of the RS485 bus terminal
Table 6- 13
Technical data of the RS485 bus terminal
Connector to end device
9pin D-sub male connector
Transmission speed
9.6 to 1,500 kbps
PG interface (optional)
9-pin D-sub socket
Power supply range
4.75 to 5.25 V DC
Current consumption:
5 mA
Environmental conditions:
Operating temperature
0 to 55 °C
Storage/transport temperature
-25 to 70 °C
Relative humidity
F to DIN 40040 15% to 95%
at +25 °C, no condensation
Construction
Dimensions (W x H x D) in mm
RS-485 50 x 135 x 47
RS-485/PG 50 x 135 x 52
Weight
RS485, RS485/PG approx. 310 g
(incl. 1.5 m spur line)
6.7.7
Technical data of the 12M bus terminal
Table 6- 14
Technical data of the 12M bus terminal
Connector to end device
9pin D-sub male connector
Transmission speed
9.6 kbps - 12 Mbps
Power supply
DC 5 V + 5%
safety extralow voltage (SELV) complying with
60950
Current input
90 mA at 5 V
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.7 Bus terminals for RS485 networks
Total power loss
0.45 W
Weighting value
0.1
In operation at 1.5 Mbps along with RS485 bus
terminal. (see Section: "Network configuration")
Electromagnetic compatibility
Emission
Limit class
B complying with EN 55022=CISPR 22
Noise immunity on signal lines
± 2kV (to IEC 801-5 / IEC 1000-4-5, surge)
Immunity to discharges of static electricity
± 6kV, contact discharge (to
IEC 801-2; ESD / IEC 1000-4-2)
Immunity to RF interference
10 V/m at 80 % amplitude modulation with 1 kHz,
± 2kV (to IEC 801-4 / IEC 1000-4-4, burst)
80 MHz - 1 GHz (to IEC 801-3 / ENV 50140)
10 V/m 50 % load factor at 900 MHz (to
ENV 50204)
10 V with 80 % amplitude modulation at 1 kHz
10 kHz - 80 MHz (to IEC 801-6 / ENV 50141)
Climatic conditions:
Operating temperature
0 to 60 °C
Storage/transport temperature
-40 to 70 °C
Relative humidity
max. 95% at +25 °C no condensation
Mechanical conditions:
Vibration
tested to DIN IEC 68-2-6
Operation
10 to 58 Hz; amplitude 0.075 mm
58 to 500 Hz; acceleration 9.8 m/s2
Shock
tested to DIN IEC 68-2-27
Operation
Half-sine: 100 m/s2, 16 ms
Construction
Dimensions (W x H x D) in mm
50 x 135 x 47
Spur line length
1.5 m
Weight
Approx. 350 g
(incl. 1.5 m spur line)
182
Type of protection
IP20
Error Detection Character
CE, UL, CSA
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.8 Cable connections
6.8
Cable connections
6.8.1
Mixing cable types
Using different cable types
Note
If different cable types are used in a PROFIBUS segment, remember that the segment
length is reduced accordingly.
6.8.2
Connecting cables together using network components
Sometimes, a connection between two different bus cable sections is necessary, for
example, to change from the standard bus cable to a section with festoon cable.
The easiest way to implement this cable change is to use the two bus cable terminals of a
bus connector, bus terminal or repeater. The connection of the cables is described in detail
in Section "Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks (Page 113)". For information about
laying cables and mechanical protection of the cables refer to Appendix "Installing bus
cables (Page 259)".
To change from an underground cable to the standard bus cable, it is advisable to protect
against overvoltage (see Appendix B "Lightning and overvoltage protection of bus cables
between buildings (Page 253)".
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.8 Cable connections
6.8.3
Connecting cables together using FC M12 bus connectors
Sometimes, a connection is necessary between bus cable sections at locations where no
nodes or network component connections are intended, for example, when repairing a
broken bus. In this case, connect the two cable sections with a
PROFIBUS FC M12 Plug PRO (6GK1 905-0EA10) and a
PROFIBUS FC M12 cable connector PRO (6GK1 905-0EB10).
This connection ensures EMC stability due to the all-round shield connection and provides
protection from the ingress of dust and water to IP65/IP67.
Figure 6-29
Connecting cables together using FC M12 bus connectors
Avoid accidental shield contact with the environment.
The male connector shield should not make any undefined, accidental contact to conductive
parts, since this can lead to undefined shield currents. Connect the connector casing either
permanently to ground potential or wrap the connector in insulation that reliably prevents
contact.
Keep to the permitted ambient conditions
Remember that a standard connecting cable cannot stand up to the same environmental
conditions as an uninterrupted bus cable. If necessary, provide extra protection for the
connection to avoid permanent dampness or aggressive gases causing problems by
covering the connection in a cable sleeve.
184
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6.9 Preassembled connecting cables
6.9
Preassembled connecting cables
6.9.1
Connecting cable 830-1T
Area of application
The 8301T connecting cable is a preassembled cable for fast and costeffective attachment
of end devices to OLMs and OBTs for transmission speeds up to 12 Mbps.
Design
The 8301T connecting cable consists of a twisted pair (stranded copper cores) with a braid
shield. It is fitted with a 9pin D-sub male connector at both ends. Both ends of the cable have
terminating resistors (cannot be deactivated). The cable is available in lengths of 1.5 and 3
m.
Figure 6-30
Connecting cable 830-1T
Function
The 8301T connecting cable connects the following:
● The electrical interface of the Optical Link Module (OLM, OBT) with the PROFIBUS
interface of an end device.
Note
Due to the integrated terminating resistors, the 8301T connecting cable must not be used
as a spur line (for example for attaching a PG) to a PROFIBUS segment.
Table 6- 15
Ordering data for the SIMATIC NET 8301T connecting cable
Ordering data:
SIMATIC NET 8301T connecting cable
for PROFIBUS for connecting end devices to
OLMs and OBTs, preassembled with 2 D-sub
male connectors, 9-pin cable terminated at both
ends.
1.5 m
6XV1 830-1CH15
3m
6XV1 830-1CH30
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6.9 Preassembled connecting cables
6.9.2
Connecting cable 830-2
Area of application
The 8302 connecting cable is a preassembled cable for fast and costeffective attachment of
PROFIBUS nodes (for example HMI) to programmable controllers for transmission rates up
to 12 Mbps.
Design
The 8302 connecting cable consists of the PROFIBUS standard cable. At one end, it has a
9-pin D-sub male connector with a straight cable outlet and at the other end, it has a 9-pin Dsub male connector with a 90° cable outlet. The connector with the 90° cable outlet is
equipped with a PG interface. The terminating resistors can be activated in both connectors.
The cable is available in lengths of 3 m, 5 m and 10m.
Figure 6-31
Connecting cable 830-2
Function
The 8302 connecting cable connects the following:
● The electrical interface of the Optical Link Module (OLM, OBT) and the PROFIBUS
interface of a PROFIBUS node
● The electrical interface of two PROFIBUS nodes (OP, programmable controller)
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6.9 Preassembled connecting cables
Table 6- 16
Ordering data for the SIMATIC NET 8302 connecting cable
Ordering data:
SIMATIC NET 8302 connecting cable
for PROFIBUS for connecting end devices to
OLMs and OBTs, preassembled with 2 D-sub
male connectors, 9-pin, terminators can be
activated.
6.9.3
3m
6XV1 830-2AH30
5m
6XV1 830-2AH50
10 m
6XV1 830-2AN10
M12 connecting cable
Area of application
The M12 connecting cable is a preassembled connecting cable (PROFIBUS FC trailing
cable) for connecting PROFIBUS nodes (for example SIMATIC ET 200) with degree of
protection IP65; for transmission speeds up to 12 Mbps.
Design
The M12 connecting cable consists of the PROFIBUS trailing cable. At one end, it has a 5pin M12 male connector with a straight cable outlet and at the other end, it has a 5-pin M12
socket with a straight cable outlet, in each case B coded. The cable is available in lengths of
0.3 m to 15 m.
Figure 6-32
M12 connecting cable
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Bus connectors and preassembled cables
6.9 Preassembled connecting cables
Function
The M12 connecting cable connects PROFIBUS nodes.
Table 6- 17
Ordering data for the SIMATIC NET M12 connecting cable
Ordering data:
SIMATIC NET M12 connecting cable
Pre-assembled for PROFIBUS with two 5-pin
M12 male/female connectors up to max 100 m;
length:
* Additional special lengths with 90° or 180° cable Special lengths
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view
outlet
/en/26999294)
188
0.3 m
6XV1 830-3DE30
0.5 m
6XV1 830-3DE50
1.0 m
6XV1 830-3DH10
1.5 m
6XV1 830-3DH15
2.0 m
6XV1 830-3DH20
3.0 m
6Xv1 830-3DH30
5.0 m
6XV1 830-3DH50
10 m
6XV1 830-3DN10
15 m
6XV1 830-3DN15
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Passive components for optical networks
7.1
7
Fiber-optic cables
Fiber-optic cable
On fiber-optic cables (FOC) data is transmitted by modulating electromagnetic waves in the
range of visible and invisible light. The materials used are highquality plastic and glass
fibers.
This sections below describe only the fiberoptic cables from the SIMATIC NET range
intended for PROFIBUS. The various types of fiberoptic cable allow components to be
connected together in a way suitable for the operating and environmental conditions.
Compared with electrical cables, fiberoptic cables have the following advantages:
Benefits
● Galvanic isolation of stations and segments
● No equipotential bonding currents
● Transmission path immune to external noise
● No lightning protection required
● No noise radiation along the transmission path
● Low weight
● Depending on the fiber type, cables several kilometers long can be used even at higher
transmission rates.
● The transmission rate does not affect the maximum permitted cable length
● The meter markers printed on the cable make it easier to identify the length.
(Serve as orientation; accuracy ±5 %.)
Point-to-Point Connection
For technological reasons, only pointtopoint connections are possible with fiberoptic cables;
in other words, one transmitter is connected to one receiver. For duplex transmission
between two nodes, two fibers are therefore necessary (one for each transmission direction).
With the optical components for PROFIBUS, bus, star and ring structures can be
implemented.
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Passive components for optical networks
7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Optical bus cables
Table 7- 1
Overview - Optical bus cables
Designation
Area of application
Glass fiber, sold by the meter or pre-assembled with 4 BFOC connectors
Laying in indoor and outdoor areas
FO Standard Cable GP
•
Rugged standard cable for universal
applications
FO ground cable
•
•
•
Longitudinally and laterally watertight cable
for use outdoors;
With non-metallic rodent protection;
Can be laid underground
•
Cable for use in drag chains
FO trailing cable GP
FO trailing cable
Plastic/PCF fiber-optic cable; sold by the meter or pre-assembled.
Installation indoors
POF duplex core
•
•
up to 80 m
Low mechanical strain, for example in
laboratories
POF standard cable
•
•
up to 50 m,
with Kevlar strain relief elements
PCF fiber optic, standard cable
•
•
up to 400 m,
with Kevlar strain relief elements
PCF standard cable GP
PCF trailing cable
PCF trailing cable GP
7.2
Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Plastic and PCF FO cables are used to connect optical link modules with connectors for
plastic FO cables (OLM/P), optical bus terminals (OBT) and devices with an integrated
optical interface. Under certain circumstances, this is a costeffective alternative to
conventional glass fiberoptic cables.
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Properties of fiberoptic cables
Use Siemens plastic and PCF fiber-optic cables with the following features:
Table 7- 2
Properties of fiberoptic cables
Description
Plastic fiber-optic duplex
core
Plastic fiber-optic standard
cable
PCF fiber-optic standard
cable
Order no.
6XV1 821-2AN50
6XV1 821-0AH10
6XV1 821-1BN75
Standard code
I-VY2P 980/1000 150A
I-VY4Y2P 980/1000 160A
I-VY2K 200/230
10A17+8B20
Area of application
Cable length between
• OLM - OLM
• Integrated optical
interfaces, OBT
Used indoors in areas
For indoor use with cable
where little mechanical load lengths up to 80 m
is expected, such as in
laboratory setups or in
cubicles
•
•
50 m
50 m
•
•
80 m
50 m
For indoor use with cable
lengths up to 300 m
Only available preassembled
with BFOC or simplex
connectors
•
•
400 m
300 m
Fiber Type
Step-index cable
Core diameter
980 μm
200 μm
Core material
Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)
Fused silica
Cladding outer diameter
1000 μm
230 μm
Cladding material
Fluoridated special polymer
Inner jacket
• Material
• Color
• Diameter
•
•
•
PVC
gray
2.2 ± 0.01 mm
•
•
•
PA
black and orange
2.2 ± 0.01 mm
•
•
•
(without inner jacket)
-
Outer jacket
• Material
• Color
•
•
-
•
•
PVC
Purple
•
•
PVC
Purple
Number of fibers
2
Attenuation at wavelength
≤ 230 dB/km
≤ 10 dB/km
660 nm
660 nm
Strain relief
-
Maximum permitted tensile
strain
• brief
• Continuous
•
•
≤ 50 N
not suitable for
continuous tensile load
•
•
≤ 100 N
not suitable for
continuous tensile load
•
•
≤ 500 N
≤ 100 N
(only on strain relief, ≤ 50
N on plug or single core)
•
-35 °C to +85 °C
•
-30 °C to +70 °C
•
-20 °C to +70 °C
•
•
0 °C to +50 °C
-30 °C to +70 °C
•
0 °C to +50 °C
•
-5 °C to +50 °C
Permitted ambient conditions
• Transportation/storage
temperature
• Installation temperature
• Operating temperature
Kevlar fibers
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Kevlar fibers
-20 °C to +70 °C
191
Passive components for optical networks
7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Description
Plastic fiber-optic duplex
core
Resistant to
• mineral oil ASTM no. 2,
• grease or water
• UV radiation
•
•
•
conditional1
conditional1
Not UV resistant
Plastic fiber-optic standard
cable
•
•
•
conditional1
conditional1
conditional1
PCF fiber-optic standard
cable
•
•
•
conditional1
conditional1
conditional1
Silicone-free
contains small quantities of
a non-migrating silicone
elastomer
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Resistance to fire
Flameresistant acc. to flame test VW-1 to UL 1581
Outer dimensions
2.2 x 4.4 mm
Diameter:
Diameter:
±0.01 mm
7.8 ± 0.3 mm
4.7 ± 0.3 mm
7.8 kg/km
65 kg/km
22 kg/km
Weight
1
Please ask your Siemens contact about specific applications.
Table 7- 3
Properties of fiberoptic cables
Description
PCF standard cable GP
PCF trailing cable
PCF trailing cable GP
Order no.
Standard code
6XV1 861-2A
6XV1 861-2C
6XV1 861-2D
ATI-V(ZN)YY 2K200/230
AT-V(ZN)Y(ZN)11Y
AT-V(ZN)Y(ZN)Y
2K200/230
2K200/230
Area of application
For permanent indoor and
outdoor installation
For moving applications
For moving applications
Cable length between
• OLM - OLM
• Integrated optical
interfaces, OBT
400 m
300 m
400 m
300 m
400 m
Fiber Type
Step Index 200/230
Core diameter
200 μm
300 m
Core material
Fused silica
Cladding outer diameter
230 μm
Cladding material
Special polymer
Inner jacket
• Material
• Color
• Diameter
•
•
•
PVC
orange/black
2.2 mm Ø
•
•
•
PVC
orange/black
2.2 mm Ø
•
•
•
PVC
orange/black
2.2 mm Ø
Outer jacket
• Material
• Color
•
•
PVC
Green
•
•
PUR
Green
•
•
PVC
Green
Number of fibers
2
Attenuation at wavelength
≤ 10 dB/km at 650 nm
Strain relief
Aramid yarn
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Description
PCF standard cable GP
PCF trailing cable
Maximum permitted tensile
strain
100 N
800 N
PCF trailing cable GP
Brief/permanent
Permitted ambient conditions
• Transportation/storage
temperature
•
• Installation temperature
•
• Operating temperature
•
-25°C to 75°C
•
-25°C to 75°C
-5°C to 50°C
-25°C to 75°C
•
•
-5°C to 50°C
-30°C to 75°C
Resistant to
• mineral oil ASTM no. 2,
• grease or water
• UV radiation
•
•
•
Silicone-free
Yes
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Resistance to fire
Flame retardant to IEC 60332-1
Outer dimensions
7.2 mm
8.8 mm
Weight
45 kg/km
85 kg/km
UL/CSA approval
OFN
-
1
conditional1
conditional1
Yes
OFN
(NEC Article 770, UL1651)/
(NEC Article 770, UL1651)/
OFN, 90°C, FT1, FT4 (CSAStandard C22.2 No232M1988)
OFN, 90°C, FT1, FT4 (CSAStandard C22.2 No232M1988)
Please ask your Siemens contact about specific applications.
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Passive components for optical networks
7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
7.2.1
Plastic fiber-optic duplex cable
PP
&RUH
&ODGGLQJ
-DFNHW
PP
PP
PP
Figure 7-1
Structure of the plastic FO cable, duplex core 6XV1 821-2AN50
Plastic FO cable, duplex core 6XV1 821-2AN50
The plastic FO cable, duplex core 6XV1 821-2AN50 is a flat double core with PVC inner
jacket without an outer jacket. The jacket color is gray, there is no information printed on it.
The standard code is I-VY2P 980/1000 150.
The cable is easy to assembly onsite. The cable is fitted with 2 x 2 simplex connectors for
devices with integrated optical interfaces. The cable must be fitted with 2 x 2 BFOC
connectors when connecting OLM/P11 and OLM/P12.
Properties
The plastic FO cable, duplex core 6XV1 821-2AN50 is
● not suitable for continuous tensile load
● conditionally resistant to mineral oil ASTM no. 2
● conditionally resistant to greases
● conditionally resistant to water
● Not UV resistant
● flameresistant acc. to flame test VW-1 to UL 1581
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Use
The plastic FO cable, duplex core 6XV1 821-2AN50 is intended for applications indoors in
areas where it is subjected to little mechanical load, such as in laboratories or within
cubicles. The cable is supplied in 50 m rings. Both with OLM connections and with integrated
optical interfaces, connections up to 50 m in length can be spanned between two nodes with
this cable.
Table 7- 4
order numbers of the plastic FO cable, duplex core 6XV1 821-2AN50
Ordering data
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optic, duplex cable
I-VY2P 980/1000 150A
Plastic fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC jacket, without
connectors, for use in areas with low mechanical strain (for
example inside a cabinet or in test setups in a laboratory)
50 m ring
7.2.2
6XV1 821-2AN50
Plastic fiberoptic, standard cables
2SWLFDOILEHUV
39&RXWHUMDFNHW
.HYODUVWUDLQUHOLHI
3RO\DPLGHMDFNHW
Figure 7-2
3URWHFWLYHIRLO
Structure of the plastic fiberoptic standard cable
Plastic FO cable, standard cable 6XV1 821-0A***
The plastic FO cable, standard cable 6XV1 821-0A*** consists of two plastic fibers with a
robust polyamide inner jacket surrounded by Kevlar strain relief elements and a lilac PVC
outer jacket. The standard code is I-VY4Y2P 980/1000 160A. The outer jacket is labeled
"SIEMENS SIMATIC NET PLASTIC FIBER OPTIC 6XV1 821-0AH10 (UL)" and has meter
markers.
The cable is easy to assembly onsite. The cable is fitted with 2 x 2 simplex connectors for
devices with an integrated optical interface. The cable must be fitted with 2 x 2 BFOC
connectors when connecting OLM/P11 and OLM/P12. It can also be ordered preassembled.
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Passive components for optical networks
7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Properties
The plastic FO cable, standard cable 6XV1 821-0A*** is
● not suitable for continuous tensile load
● conditionally resistant to mineral oil ASTM no. 2
● conditionally resistant to greases
● conditionally resistant to water
● conditionally UV resistant
● flameresistant acc. to flame test VW-1 to UL 1581
Use
The plastic FO cable, standard cable 6XV1 821-0A*** is a robust round cable for indoor
applications. The maximum distance that can be spanned is 80 m for OLM/P connections
and 50 m for integrated optical interfaces and OBTs.
Table 7- 5
Ordering data for plastic fiberoptic, standard cable, can be ordered in meters for OLMs,
OBTs and integrated optical interfaces
Ordering data
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic,
standard cable
I-VY4Y2P 980/1000 160A
Rugged round cable with 2 plastic fiber-optic
cores, PVC outer sheath and PA inner jacket,
without connectors, for indoor use,
196
Sold by the meter
6XV1 821-0AH10
50 m ring
6VX1 821-0AN50
100 m ring
6XV1 821-0AT10
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Passive components for optical networks
7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Table 7- 6
Ordering data for preassembled plastic fiberoptic cable, standard cable, for OLM/P
Ordering data
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic,
standard cable
I-VY4Y2P 980/1000 160A
Rugged round cable with 2 plastic fiber-optic
cores, PVC outer sheath and PA inner jacket, for
indoor use,
preassembled with 2x2 BFOC connectors,
outer jacket stripped over 20 cm,
for connection of OLM/P..
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
7.2.3
1m
6XV1 821-0BH10
2m
6XV1 821-0BH20
5m
6XV1 821-0BH50
10 m
6XV1 821-0BN10
15 m
6XV1 821-0BN15
20 m
6XV1 821-0BN20
25 m
6XV1 821-0BN25
30 m
6XV1 821-0BN30
50 m
6XV1 821-0BN50
65 m
6XV1 821-0BN65
80 m
6XV1 821-0BN80
PCF standard cable
)LEHURSWLFFDEOH
39&RXWHUMDFNHW
6WUDLQUHOLHI
Figure 7-3
Structure of the PCF standard cable
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
PCF standard cable 6XV1 821-1B***
The PCF standard cable 6XV1 821-1B*** consists of two PCF fibers surrounded by Kevlar
strain relief elements and a violet PVC outer jacket. The standard code is
I-VY2K 200/230 10A17+8B20. The outer jacket has the identifier "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS PCF FIBER OPTIC 6XV1 821-1AH10 (UL)" printed on it as well as meter
markers.
The cable is only available as a preassembled cable. Cables for devices with an integrated
optical interface are fitted with 2 x 2 simplex connectors, cables for connection of OLM/P11
and OLM/P12 have 2 x 2 BFOC connectors. The cables are supplied with a pulling loop at
one end that allows the cables to be pulled, for example, into cable channels.
Properties
The PCF standard cable is
● Designed for 100 N permanent tensile strain
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oil ASTM no. 2
● Conditionally resistant to greases
● Conditionally resistant to water
● Conditionally UV resistant
● Flameretardant acc. to flame test VW-1 to UL 1581
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Use
The PCF standard cable 6XV1 821-1B*** is a robust round cable for use indoors with cable
lengths up to 400 m (OLM) or 300 m (integrated optical interfaces, OBT) in each case
between two nodes.
Table 7- 7
Ordering data: Preassembled PCF fiberoptic cables for OLM/P
Ordering data
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber üptic
I-VY2K 200/230 10A17 + 8B20
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC outer jacket, for
bridging large distances up to 400 m, preassembled with
2x2 BFOC male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 20 cm at both ends and
pulling loop at one end,
for connection of OLM/P.
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
75 m
6XV1 821-1BN75
100 m
6XV1 821-1BT10
150 m
6XV1 821-1BT15
200 m
6XV1 821-1BT20
250 m
6XV1 821-1BT25
300 m
6XV1 821-1BT30
400 m
6XV1 821 1BT40
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Table 7- 8
Ordering data: Preassembled PCF fiberoptic cables for integrated optical interfaces
Ordering data
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber üptic
I-VY2K 200/230 10A17 + 8B20
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC outer jacket, for
bridging large distances up to 300 m, preassembled with
2x2 simplex male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 30 cm at both ends and
pulling loop at one end,
for connecting devices with integrated optical interfaces,
OBT
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
7.2.4
50 m
6XV1 821-1CN50
75 m
6XV1 821-1CN75
100 m
6XV1 821-1CT10
150 m
6XV1 821-1CT15
200 m
6XV1 821-1CT20
250 m
6XV1 821-1CT25
300 m
6XV1 821-1CT30
PCF standard cable GP
)LEHURSWLFFDEOH
39&RXWHUMDFNHW
6WUDLQUHOLHI
Figure 7-4
Structure of the PCF standard cable GP
PCF standard cable GP 6XV1 861-2A/3A/7A***
The PCF standard cable GP 6XV1 861-2A/3A/7A *** consists of two PCF fibers surrounded
by Aramid strain relief elements and a green PVC outer jacket. The standard code is I
V(ZN)YY 2K200/230. The outer jacket has "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET PCF Standard Cable
GP (PROFINET Type B) 2K200/230 6XV1 861-2A (UL)E157125 OFN LL 64163 OFN FT4
90C CSA (drum number)/(year of manufacture)" printed on it as well as meter markers.
200
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
The cable can be ordered both in meters and as a preassembled cable. Cables for devices
with an integrated optical interface are fitted with 2 x 2 simplex connectors, cables for
connection of OLM/P11 and OLM/P12 have 2 x 2 BFOC connectors. The cables are
supplied with a pulling loop at one end that allows the cables to be pulled, for example, into
cable channels.
Properties
The PCF standard cable GP is
● Designed for 100 N permanent tensile strain
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oil ASTM no. 2
● Conditionally resistant to greases
● UV resistant
● Flame retardant to IEC 60332-1
● Equally suitable for PROFIBUS and PROFINET (outer jacket green)
Use
The PCF standard cable GP 6XV1 861-2A/3A/7A *** is a robust round cable for use indoors
and outdoors with cable lengths up to 400 m (OLM) or 300 m (integrated optical interfaces,
OBT) in each case between two nodes.
Table 7- 9
Ordering data: In meters and preassembled PCF fiberoptic cables for OLM/P
Ordering data
PROFIBUS PCF Standard Cable GP 200/230
I V(ZN)YY 2K200/230
Sold by the meter; max. length 2,000 m; minimum 6XV1 861-2A
order 20 m
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC outer
jacket, for bridging large distances up to 400 m,
preassembled with 2x2 BFOC male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 20 cm at both ends
and pulling loop at one end,
for connection of OLM/P.
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
75 m
6XV1 861-3AN75
100 m
6XV1 861-3AT10
150 m
6XV1 861-3AT15
200 m
6XV1v861-3AT20
250 m
6XV1 861-3AT25
300 m
6XV1 861-3AT30
400 m
6XV1 861-3AT40
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Table 7- 10
Ordering data: In meters and preassembled PCF fiber-optic cables with simplex male
connectors for devices with an integrated optical interface
Ordering data
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC outer
jacket, for bridging large distances up to 300 m,
preassembled with 2x2 simplex male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 20 cm at both ends
and pulling loop at one end,
for connecting devices with an integrated optical
interface.
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
7.2.5
50 m
6XV1 861-7AN50
75 m
6XV1 861-7AN75
100 m
6XV1 861-7AT10
150 m
6XV1 861-7AT15
200 m
6XV1v861-7AT20
250 m
6XV1 861-7AT25
300 m
6XV1 861-7AT30
PCF trailing cable
)OHHFHZUDSSLQJ
39&VLQJOHMDFNHW
385RXWHUMDFNHW
6WUDLQUHOLHI
2SWLFDOILEHU
6XSSRUWLQJHOHPHQW
6WUDLQUHOLHI
'XPP\HOHPHQW
Figure 7-5
Structure of the PCF trailing cable
PCF FO trailing cable 6XV1 861-2C/3C/7C***
The PCF trailing cable 6XV1 861-2C/3C/7C*** consists of two PCF fibers surrounded by
Aramid strain relief elements and a green PUR outer jacket. The standard code is ATV(ZN)Y(ZN)11Y 2K200/230. The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET PCF
Trailing Cable (PROFINET Type B) 2K200/230 6XV1 861-2C" and has meter markers.
The cable can be ordered both in meters and as a preassembled cable. Cables for devices
with an integrated optical interface are fitted with 2 x 2 simplex connectors, cables for
connection of OLM/P11 and OLM/P12 have 2 x 2 BFOC connectors. The cables are
supplied with a pulling loop at one end that allows the cables to be pulled, for example, into
cable channels.
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Properties
The PCF trailing cable is
● Designed for 800 N permanent tensile strain
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oil ASTM no. 2
● Conditionally resistant to greases
● UV resistant
● Flame retardant to IEC 60332-1
● Equally suitable for PROFIBUS and PROFINET (outer jacket green)
● 5,000,000 bending cycles at 175 mm bending radius
Use
The PCF trailing cable 6XV1 821-2C/3C/7C*** is a robust round cable for moving
applications indoors and outdoors with cable lengths up to 400 m (OLM) or 300 m
(integrated optical interfaces, OBT) in each case between two nodes.
Table 7- 11
Ordering data: In meters and preassembled PCF fiberoptic cables with BFOC male
connectors for OLM/P
Ordering data
PROFIBUS PCF trailing cable 200/230
AT-V(ZN)Y(ZN)11Y 2K200/230
Sold by the meter; max. length 2,000 m; minimum 6XV1 861-2C
order 20 m
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PUR outer
jacket, for bridging large distances up to 400 m,
preassembled with 2x2 BFOC male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 20 cm at both ends
and pulling loop at one end,
for connection of OLM/P.
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
75 m
6XV1 861-3CN75
100 m
6XV1 861-3CT10
150 m
6XV1 861-3CT15
200 m
6XV1 861-3CT20
250 m
6XV1 861-3CT25
300 m
6XV1 861-3CT30
400 m
6XV1 861-3CT40
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
Table 7- 12
Ordering data: Preassembled PCF fiber-optic cables with simplex male connectors for
devices with an integrated optical interface
Ordering data
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PUR outer
jacket, for bridging large distances up to 300 m,
preassembled with 2x2 simplex male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 20 cm at both ends
and pulling loop at one end,
for connecting devices with an integrated optical
interface.
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
7.2.6
50 m
6XV1 861-7CN50
75 m
6XV1 861-7CN75
100 m
6XV1 861-7CT10
150 m
6XV1 861-7CT15
200 m
6XV1 861-7CT20
250 m
6XV1 861-7CT25
300 m
6XV1 861-7CT30
PCF trailing cable GP
)OHHFHZUDSSLQJ
39&RXWHUMDFNHW
39&VLQJOHMDFNHW
6WUDLQUHOLHI
2SWLFDOILEHU
6XSSRUWLQJHOHPHQW
6WUDLQUHOLHI
'XPP\HOHPHQW
Figure 7-6
Structure of the PCF trailing cable GP
PCF FO trailing cable GP 6XV1 861-2D/3D/7D***
The PCF trailing cable GP 6XV1 861-2D/3D/7D*** consists of two PCF fibers surrounded by
Aramid strain relief elements and a green PVC outer jacket. The standard code is ATV(ZN)Y(ZN)Y 2K200/230. The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET PCF Trailing
Cable GP (PROFINET Type B) 2K200/230 6XV1 861-2D (UL)E157125 OFN LL 64163 OFN
FT4 90C CSA" and has meter markers.
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7.2 Plastic and PCF fiber-optic cable
The cable can be ordered both in meters and as a preassembled cable. Cables for devices
with an integrated optical interface are fitted with 2 x 2 simplex connectors, cables for
connection of OLM/P11 and OLM/P12 have 2 x 2 BFOC connectors. The cables are
supplied with a pulling loop at one end that allows the cables to be pulled, for example, into
cable channels.
Properties
The PCF trailing cable is
● Designed for 800 N permanent tensile strain
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oil ASTM no. 2
● Conditionally resistant to greases
● UV resistant
● Flame retardant to IEC 60332-1
● Equally suitable for PROFIBUS and PROFINET (outer jacket green)
● 3,500,000 bending cycles at 175 mm bending radius
Use
The PCF trailing cable GP 6XV1 861-2D/3D/7D*** is a robust round cable for moving
applications indoors and outdoors with cable lengths up to 400 m (OLM) or 300 m
(integrated optical interfaces, OBT) in each case between two nodes.
Table 7- 13
Ordering data: In meters and preassembled PCF fiberoptic cables with BFOC male
connectors for OLM/P
Ordering data
PROFIBUS PCF Trailing Cable GP 200/230
AT-V(ZN)Y(ZN)Y 2K200/230
Sold by the meter; max. length 2,000 m; minimum 6XV1 861- 2D
order 20 m
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC outer
jacket, for bridging large distances up to 400 m,
preassembled with 2x2 BFOC male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 20 cm at both ends
and pulling loop at one end,
for connection of OLM/P.
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
75 m
6XV1 861-3DN75
100 m
6XV1 861- 3DT10
150 m
6XV1 861- 3DT15
200 m
6XV1 861- 3DT20
250 m
6XV1 861- 3DT25
300 m
6XV1 861- 3DT30
400 m
6XV1 861- 3DT40
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Table 7- 14
Ordering data: Preassembled PCF fiber-optic cables with simplex male connectors for
devices with an integrated optical interface
Ordering data
PCF fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC outer
jacket, for bridging large distances up to 300 m,
preassembled with 2x2 BFOC male connectors,
Outer jacket stripped over 20 cm at both ends
and pulling loop at one end,
for connecting devices with an integrated optical
interface.
* other lengths on request
Preferred lengths*
50 m
6XV1 861-7DN50
75 m
6XV1 861-7DN75
100 m
6XV1 861-7DT10
150 m
6XV1 861-7DT15
200 m
6XV1 861-7DT20
250 m
6XV1 861-7DT25
300 m
6XV1 861-7DT30
7.3
Glass FO cables
7.3.1
Overview
Designed for Industry
SIMATIC NET glass fiberoptic cables (FO) are available in various designs allowing optimum
adaptation to a wide range of applications.
Area of application
● Fiber-optic standard cable m
Universal cable for use indoors and outdoors
● INDOOR fiber-optic cable
Halogen-free, tread-resistant, and flame retardant fiber-optic cable for use in buildings
● Flexible fiber-optic trailing cable
For special applications with forced movement
SIMATIC NET multimode fibers
SIMATIC NET offers glass multimode fiber-optic cables with fiber types 50/125 μm and
62.5/125 μm core diameter. SIMATIC NET bus components are ideally matched to these
standard fibers allowing large distances to be covered while keeping the configuration rules
simple.
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7.3 Glass FO cables
Simple configuration
All the descriptions and operating instructions for SIMATIC NET bus components contain
information about the distances that can be covered with the multimode fibers described
above. You can configure your optical network without complicated calculations using simple
limit values (refer to Section "Network configuration (Page 41)").
Guidelines for laying cables
You will find information about laying SIMATIC NET glass multimode fiberoptic cables in
Appendix "Installing bus cables (Page 259)" in this manual.
Technical specifications
The following tables show an overview of the technical specifications of all SIMATIC NET
glass multimode fiber-optic cables.
Table 7- 15
Technical specifications for the INDOOR fiber optic cable and fiber optic standard cable
Cable type
fiber-optic
Standard cable (62.5/125 μm)
INDOOR fiber optic
Indoor cable (62.5/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 820-5AH10
6XV1 820-7AH10
Area of application
Universal cable for use indoors and
outdoors
Non-crush, halogen-free and flameretardant cable for use indoors
How supplied
Preassembled cable with 4 BFOC
connectors in fixed lengths, also
available in meters
Preassembled with 4 BFOC connectors
in fixed lengths
Cable type
AT-VYY 2G62.5/125
I-VHH 2G62.5/125
(Standard code)
3.1B200+0.8F600 F
3.2B200+0.9F600 F
TB3 FRNC OR
Fiber type
Multimode graded-index fiber
62.5/125 µm
Multimode graded-index fiber
62.5/125 µm
Power loss at 850 nm
≤ 3.1 dB/km
≤ 3.2 dB/km
Power loss at 1300 nm
≤ 0.8 dB/km
≤ 0.9 dB/km
at 850 nm
200 MHz * km
200 MHz * km
at 1300 nm
600 MHz * km
600 MHz * km
Number of fibers
2
2
Cable design
Splittable outdoor cable
Splittable indoor cable
Core type
Compact core
Fixed core
Materials basic element
PVC, gray
Copolymer, orange (FRNC)
Strain relief
Kevlar yarn and impregnated glass
fiber yarn
Aramid yarn
Outer jacket/
PVC / black
Copolymer/
Modal bandwidth
Wire color
Dimensions
bright orange (FRNC)
(3.5 ± 0.2) mm ∅
2.9 mm ∅
(6.3 x 9.8) ± 0.4 mm
approx. 3.9 x 6.8 mm
Basic element
Outer dimensions
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7.3 Glass FO cables
Cable type
fiber-optic
Standard cable (62.5/125 μm)
INDOOR fiber optic
Indoor cable (62.5/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 820-5AH10
6XV1 820-7AH10
Cable weight
Approx. 74 kg/km
Approx. 30 kg/km
Permitted tensile force
≤ 370 N (in operation)
≤ 200 N (in operation)
≤ 500 N (brief)
≤ 800 N (brief)
100 mm
100 mm (during laying)
only over the flat side
60 mm (in operation)
Bending radiuses
only over the flat side
Transverse compressive strength
-
10,000 N/10 cm (brief)
2,000 N/10 cm (permanent)
Resistance to impact
-
20 blows
(initial energy: 1.5 Nm
Hammer radius Ø: 12.5 mm)
Installation temperature
-5°C to +50°C
-5°C to +50°C
Operating temperature
-25°C to +60°C
-20°C to +60°C
Storage temperature
-25°C to +70°C
-25°C to +70°C
Resistance to fire
to IEC 60332-3 and VDE 0482-266-2-4
flame resistant
Free of halogens
No
Yes
Silicone-free
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
UL approval
No
No
Shipbuilding approval
No
No
to IEC 60332-1 and VDE 0482-265-2-1
Table 7- 16
Technical specifications of the flexible fiber optic trailing cable
Cable type
Flexible fiberoptic
Trailing cable (62.5/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 820-6AH10
Area of application
Flexible cable for installation in drag chains indoors and
outdoors
How supplied
Preassembled cable with 4 BFOC connectors in fixed
lengths, also available in meters
Cable type
AT-W11Y (ZN) 11Y 2G62.5/125
(Standard code)
3.1B200 + 0.8F600 F
Fiber type
Multimode graded-index fiber 62.5/125 µm
Attenuation
• at 850 nm
• at 1300 nm
•
•
≤ 3.1 dB/km
≤ 0.8 dB/km
Modal bandwidth
• at 850 nm
• at 1300 nm
•
•
200 MHz * km
600 MHz * km
Number of fibers
2
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7.3 Glass FO cables
Cable type
Flexible fiberoptic
Trailing cable (62.5/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 820-6AH10
Cable design
Splittable outdoor cable
Core type
Hollow core, filled
Materials basic element
PUR, black
Strain relief
GFK central element, Aramid yarn
Outer jacket/
PUR, black
Wire color
Dimensions of basic element
(3.5 ± 0.2) mm
Outer dimensions
13.4 ± 0.4 mm
Cable weight
Approx. 135 kg/km
Permitted tensile force
≤ 2000 N (in operation)
≤ 1000 N (brief)
Bending radiuses
150 mm
max. 100,000 bending cycles
Installation temperature
-5°C to +50°C
Operating temperature
-30°C to +60°C
Storage temperature
-30°C to +70°C
Resistance to fire
-
Free of halogens
No
Silicone-free
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
UL approval
No
Shipbuilding approval
No
Table 7- 17
1)
With copper cores and no load
2)
With copper cores and maximum load (6 A)
Technical specifications of the fiber-optic standard cable GP and fiber-optic ground cable
Cable type
Fiber-optic standard cable GP
(50/125 μm)
Fiber-optic ground cable
(50/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 873-2A
6XV1 873-2G
Area of application
Universal cable for use indoors and
outdoors
Longitudinally and laterally watertight
cable for use outdoors with nonmetallic rodent protection for direct
underground installation
How supplied
Sold by the meter; pre-assembled with
4 BFOC connectors
Sold by the meter; pre-assembled with
4 BFOC connectors
Cable type
AT-W(ZN)YY 2x1G50/125
AT-WQ(ZN)Y(ZN)B2Y 2G50/125
Multimode graded-index fiber
50/125 µm
Multimode graded-index fiber
50/125 µm
(Standard code)
Fiber type
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7.3 Glass FO cables
Cable type
Fiber-optic standard cable GP
(50/125 μm)
Fiber-optic ground cable
(50/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 873-2A
6XV1 873-2G
Power loss at 850 nm
≤ 2.7 dB/km
≤ 2.7 dB/km
Power loss at 1300 nm
≤ 0.7 dB/km
≤ 0.7 dB/km
Modal bandwidth
• at 850 nm
• at 1300 nm
•
•
Number of fibers
2
2
Cable design
Splittable
Splittable
Core type
Hollow core, filled
Hollow core, filled
Materials basic element
PVC, orange/black
PVC, orange/black
Strain relief
Aramid yarn
Aramid yarn
Outer jacket/
PVC
PE
Wire color
Green
black
Basic element
2.9 mm Ø
2.9 mm Ø
Outer dimensions
4.5 x 7.4 mm
10.5 mm
Cable weight
Approx. 40 kg/km
Approx. 90 kg/km
Permitted tensile force
≤ 500 N
≤ 800 N
≥ 600 MHz *km
≥ 1200 MHz *km
•
•
≥ 600 MHz *km
≥ 1200 MHz *km
Dimensions
Bending radiuses
65 mm
155 mm
Transverse compressive strength
300 N/cm
300 N/cm
Resistance to impact
-
-
Installation temperature
–5 ºC to +50 ºC
–5 ºC to +50 ºC
Operating temperature
-25 ºC to +80 ºC
-25 ºC to +70 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to +80 ºC
-25 ºC to +70 ºC
Resistance to fire
-
-
Free of halogens
-
-
Silicone-free
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
OFN (NEC Article 770, UL1651)/
-
UL approval
OFN, 90°C, FT1, FT4
(CSA Standard C22.2 No232-M1988)
Table 7- 18
Technical specifications of the fiber-optic trailing cable and fiber-optic trailing cable GP
Cable type
Fiber-optic trailing cable
(50/125 μm)
Fiber-optic trailing cable GP
(50/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 873-2C
6XV1 873-2D
Area of application
Cable for use in drag chains and for
high mechanical strain, PUR outer
jacket, no UL approval
Cable for use in drag chains and for
lower mechanical strain, PVC outer
jacket, UL approval
How supplied
Sold by the meter; pre-assembled with
4 BFOC connectors
Sold by the meter; pre-assembled with
4 BFOC connectors
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7.3 Glass FO cables
Cable type
Fiber-optic trailing cable
(50/125 μm)
Fiber-optic trailing cable GP
(50/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 873-2C
6XV1 873-2D
Cable type
AT-W(ZN)Y(ZN)11Y 2G50/125
AT-W(ZN)Y(ZN)Y 2G50/125
Fiber type
Multimode graded-index fiber
50/125 µm
Multimode graded-index fiber
50/125 µm
Power loss at 850 nm
2.7 dB/km
2.7 dB/km
Power loss at 1300 nm
0.7 dB/km
0.7 dB/km
Modal bandwidth
• at 850 nm
• at 1300 nm
•
•
Number of fibers
2
2
Cable design
Splittable
Splittable
Core type
Hollow core, filled
Hollow core, filled
Materials basic element
PVC, orange/black
PVC, orange/black
Strain relief
Aramid yarn
Aramid yarn
Outer jacket/
PUR
PVC
Wire color
Green
Green
(Standard code)
600 MHz * km
1200 MHz * km
•
•
600 MHz * km
1200 MHz * km
Dimensions
Basic element
2.9 mm Ø
2.9 mm Ø
Outer dimensions
10.5 mm
10.5 mm
Cable weight
Approx. 90 kg/km
Approx. 90 kg/km
Permitted tensile force
800 N
800 N
Bending radiuses
200 mm
200 mm
Transverse compressive strength
300 N/cm
300 N/cm
Resistance to impact
-
-
Installation temperature
-5 ºC to +50 ºC
-5 ºC to +50 ºC
Operating temperature
-25 ºC to +80 ºC
-25 ºC to +80 ºC
Storage temperature
-25 ºC to +80 ºC
-25 ºC to +80 ºC
Resistance to fire
-
-
Free of halogens
-
-
Silicone-free
Yes
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
Yes
UL approval
-
OFN (NEC Article 770, UL1651)/
OFN, 90°C, FT1, FT4
(CSA Standard C22.2 No232-M1988)
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
Table 7- 19
Technical specifications of the fiber-optic FRNC cable
Cable type
Fiber-optic FRNC cable
(50/125 μm)
Order no.
6XV1 873-2B
Area of application
Halogen-free cable for fixed installation indoors and
outdoors
How supplied
Sold by the meter
Cable type
AT-W(ZN)HH 2G50/125 UV
(Standard code)
Fiber type
Multimode graded-index fiber 50/125 µm
Power loss at 850 nm
2.7 dB/km
Power loss at 1300 nm
0.7 dB/km
Modal bandwidth
• at 850 nm
• at 1300 nm
•
•
Number of fibers
2
600 MHz * km
1200 MHz * km
Cable design
Splittable
Core type
Hollow core, filled
Materials basic element
FRNC, orange/black
Strain relief
Aramid yarn
Outer jacket/
FRNC
Wire color
Green
Dimensions
Basic element
2.9 mm Ø
Outer dimensions
9.2 mm
Cable weight
Approx. 85 kg/km
Permitted tensile force
1200 N
Bending radiuses
90 mm
Transverse compressive strength
500 N/cm
Resistance to impact
-
Installation temperature
-5 ºC to +50 ºC
Operating temperature
-40 ºC to +70 ºC
Storage temperature
-40 ºC to +70 ºC
Resistance to fire
Flame retardant to IEC 60332-1 and IEC 60332-3 Category
A/F
Free of halogens
Yes
Silicone-free
Yes
ROHS-compliant
Yes
UL approval
Yes/OFN
(NEC Article 770, UL 1651)
212
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.2
Fiber-optic standard cable (62.5/125 μm)
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Figure 7-7
Structure of the fiberoptic standard cable
Fiberoptic standard cable 6XV1 820-5****
The fiberoptic standard cable contains two multimode graded fibers of type 62.5/125 µm.
The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET FIBER OPTIC 6XV1 820-5AH10"
approximately every 50 cm. Meter markers consisting of a vertical line and a 4figure number
make it easier to estimate the length of an installed cable.
Properties
The fiberoptic standard cable has the following properties:
● Can be walked on
● Flame retardant to IEC 60332-3 Cat. CF
● Not halogen free
● Available in meters up to 4000 m
● Available preassembled with 4 BFOC connectors in lengths up to 1000 m
Use
The fiberoptic standard cable is the universal cable for use indoors and outdoors. It is
suitable for connecting optical interfaces operating in the wavelength range around 850 nm
and 1300 nm.
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.3
INOOR fiber-optic cable (62.5/125 μm)
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Structure of the INDOOR fiberoptic cable
INDOOR fiberoptic cable 6XV1 820-7****
The INDOOR fiberoptic cable contains two multimode graded fibers 62.5/125 μm.
The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET INDOOR FIBER OPTIC 6XV1 8207AH10 FRNC" at intervals of approximately 50 cm. Meter markers consisting of a vertical
line and a 4figure number make it easier to estimate the length of an installed cable.
Properties
The INDOOR fiberoptic cable has the following properties:
● Can be walked on
● Flameretardant complying with IEC 603323 and DIN VDE 0472 Part 804, test type B
● Halogen-free
● Preassembled with 4 BFOC connectors in lengths from 0.5 m to 100 m.
Use
The INDOOR fiberoptic cable is intended for use indoors in areas protected from the
weather. It is suitable for connecting optical interfaces operating in the wavelength range
around 850 nm and 1300 nm.
214
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.4
Flexible fiber optic trailing cable (62.5/125 μm)
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Structure of the flexible fiberoptic trailing cable
Flexible fiberoptic trailing cable 6XV1 820-6****
The flexible fiberoptic trailing cable contains two multimode graded index fibers 62.5/125 μm.
Integrated dummy elements produce a round cable crosssection.
The outer jacket is labeled “SIEMENS SIMATIC NET FLEXIBLE FIBER OPTIC 6XV1 8206AH10" at intervals of approximately 50 cm. Meter markers consisting of a vertical line and a
4figure number make it easier to estimate the length of an installed cable.
Properties
The flexible fiberoptic trailing cable has the following properties:
● Flexible (100,000 bending cycles at a minimum bending radius of 150 mm)
● Not halogen free
● Available in meter lengths for up to 2000 m
● Available preassembled with 4 BFOC connectors in fixed lengths up to 650 m
Use
The flexible fiberoptic trailing cable was developed for applications in which the cable must
be flexible enough to move, for example when attached to moving machine parts (drag
chains). The cable is designed for 100,000 bending cycles through ±90° (at the specified
minimum bending radius). The trailing cable can be used both indoors and outdoors. It is
suitable for connecting optical interfaces operating in the wavelength range around 850 nm
and 1300 nm.
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
WARNING
During installation and operation, all mechanical requirements for the cable such as
bending radii, tensile strain etc. must be kept to. If these limits are exceeded, permanent
deterioration of the transmission characteristics may result that can cause temporary or
permanent failure of data transmission.
Figure 7-10
216
Example of using the glass fiberoptic trailing cable in a drag chain
PROFIBUS Network Manual
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.5
Fiber-optic standard cable GP (50/125 μm)
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Figure 7-11
Structure of the standard cable GP
Fiber-optic standard cable GP 6XV1 873-2A/3A***/6A***
The fiber-optic standard cable GP duplex cable contains 2 multimode graded index fibers
50/125 μm.
The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET FO Standard Cable GP (PROFINET
Type C) 2G50/125 6XV1 873-2A (UL) E157125 OFN LL 64163 OFN FT4 90C CSA" as well
as having meter markers.
Properties
The fiber-optic standard cable GP duplex cable has the following properties:
● Flame-retardant to IEC 60332 1-2 and IEC 60332 3-22 Cat A
● Designed for 500 N permanent tensile strain
● No silicone
● Available in meter lengths for up to 1000 m
● Available preassembled with 4 BFOC or SC connectors in fixed lengths up to 300 m
● Equally suitable for PROFIBUS and PROFINET (outer jacket green)
Use
The fiber-optic standard cable GP is a standard cable for permanent installation indoors or
outdoors.
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.6
Fiber-optic ground cable (50/125 μm)
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Figure 7-12
Design of the fiber-optic ground cable
Fiber-optic ground cable 6XV1 873-2G/3GT**/6GT**
The fiber-optic ground cable duplex cable contains 2 multimode graded index fibers
50/125 μm.
The round cross section of the cable makes it easier to seal cable feedthroughs.
The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET FO Ground Cable (PROFINET Type C)
2G50/125 6XV1 873-2G" as well as having meter markers.
Properties
The fiber-optic ground cable duplex cable has the following properties:
● Designed for 800 N permanent tensile strain
● No silicone
● Available in meter lengths for up to 2000 m
● Available preassembled with 4 BFOC or SC connectors in fixed lengths up to 300 m
● Resistant to mineral oil
● Resistant to grease
● Equally suitable for PROFIBUS and PROFINET (outer jacket green)
Use
The fiber-optic ground cable is a standard cable for laying directly in the ground, in pipes,
cable channels or on cable racks, also suitable for cable ladders.
218
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.7
Fiber-optic trailing cable (50/125 μm)
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Figure 7-13
Design of the fiber-optic trailing cable
Fiber-optic trailing cable 6XV1 873--2C/3C***/6C***
The fiber-optic duplex trailing cable contains 2 multimode graded index fibers 50/125 μm.
The round cross section of the cable makes it easier to seal cable feedthroughs.
The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET FO Trailing Cable (PROFINET Type C)
2G50/125 6XV1 873-2C" and has meter markers.
Properties
The fiber-optic duplex trailing cable has the following properties:
● Designed for 800 N permanent tensile strain
● No silicone
● Available in meter lengths for up to 1000 m
● Available preassembled with 4 BFOC or SC connectors in fixed lengths up to 100 m
● Resistant to mineral oil
● Resistant to grease
Use
The fiber-optic trailing cable is a standard cable for flexible applications in drag chains both
indoors and outdoors.
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.8
Fiber-optic trailing cable GP (50/125 μm)
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Figure 7-14
Design of the fiber-optic trailing cable GP
Fiber-optic trailing cable GP 6XV1 873-2D/3D***/6D***
The fiber-optic duplex trailing cable GP contains 2 multimode graded index fibers 50/125 μm.
The round cross section of the cable makes it easier to seal cable feedthroughs.
The outer jacket is labeled "SIEMENS SIMATIC NET FO Trailing Cable GP (PROFINET
Type C) 2G50/125 6XV1 873-2D (UL)E157125 OFN LL 64163 OFN FT4 90C CSA" and has
meter markers.
Properties
The fiber-optic duplex trailing cable GP has the following properties:
● Designed for 800 N permanent tensile strain
● No silicone
● Available in meter lengths for up to 1000 m
● Available preassembled with 4 BFOC or SC connectors in fixed lengths up to 100 m
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oil
● Conditionally resistant to greases
Use
The fiber-optic trailing cable GP is a standard cable for flexible applications in drag chains
both indoors and outdoors.
220
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Passive components for optical networks
7.3 Glass FO cables
7.3.9
Special cables
Special cables
In addition to the preferred SIMATIC NET FO cable types described in the IK PI catalog,
there are numerous special cables and installation accessories available. Listing all would
exceed the scope of both the catalog and this manual.
The technical specifications of the SIMATIC NET bus components contains the SIMATIC
NET FO cables used as standard cables for connections and also lists additional fiber types
that can be used.
Note
Remember that the distances that can be covered change if you use fibers with a different
core diameter or attenuation properties from those listed as standard in the operating
instructions.
Fiber types
In addition to the preferred SIMATIC NET FO cable types, the following fiber types are often
used:
● 10 μm fiber
This singlemode fiber is used for transmission over extremely long distances. The use of
this singlemode fiber requires special, highquality transmitter and receiver elements and
connectors. In conjunction with OLM/G111300 or OLM/G121300, distances up to 15 km
can be spanned.
Cable design
For special applications, numerous variations in the cable structure are available, for
example:
● Bundled cords (cables with hollow cords capable of accommodating several fibers)
● Hybrid cable with fibers and copper conductors in one jacket
● Certified cables, for example for use on ships
Ordering special cables, accessories, and tools
Special cables and special lengths of all SIMATIC NET bus cables as well as accessories,
tools and measuring equipment can be obtained from:
I IA SE IP S BD 1
Jürgen Hertlein
Tel.: +49 (911) 750-4465
Fax: +49 (911) 750-9991
juergen.hertlein@siemens.com (mailto:juergen.hertlein@siemens.com)
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Passive components for optical networks
7.4 Fiberoptic connectors
7.4
Fiberoptic connectors
Note
Fiber-optic cable connectors are susceptible to contamination and mechanical damage to
the face.
Protect open connectors with the supplied dust caps.
7.4.1
Connectors for plastic fiberoptic cables
Versions
Fitting connectors to plastic fiberoptic cables is simple. The following connectors are
available:
● Simplex connector for connecting OBTs and integrated optical interfaces
● Adapter for simplex connector for integrated optical interfaces
● BFOC connector for OLM/P
7.4.2
Simplex connector and connector adapter for devices with integrated optical
interfaces
Definition
Simplex connectors allow you to connect the fiber-optic cable to the integrated fiber-optic
cable interface on the PROFIBUS device. With certain Siemens modules (for example
IM 1532 FO, IM 467 FO) two simplex connectors (one for the transmitter and one for the
receiver) are plugged on to the module using a special adapter.
Requirement
The PROFIBUS device must be equipped with a fiber-optic cable interface, such as the
ET 200S (IM 151 FO) or the IM 467 FO for S7-400.
222
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7.4 Fiberoptic connectors
Design
Two simplex connectors (a sender and a receiver) and, where necessary, a connector
adapter with the following attributes are required for a fiber-optic cable connection:
● Degree of protection IP20
● Data transmission rates from 9.6 Kbps to 12 Mbps
Connector adapter
Receiver
Transmitter
SimplexConnectors
Figure 7-15
Fiber-optic cables
Simplex connector and special adapter fitted together
Order numbers
The simplex connector and adapter can be ordered as follows:
Table 7- 20
Order numbers - simplex connectors and connector adapters
Accessories
Order no.
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optic
simplex connector/polishing set
6GK1 901-0FB00-0AA0
100 simplex connectors and 5 polishing kits for
assembling SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic
fiberoptic cables
Connector adapter
6ES7 195-1BE00-0XA0
Pack of fifty for assembling the simplex
connectors in conjunction with the IM 467 FO,
CP 342-5 FO and the IM 153-2 FO
Installation instructions
In Appendix "Installation instructions and notes on usage (Page 277)" of this manual, you will
find installation instructions for the following:
● Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 9000KL00-0AA0 termination kit (Page 278)
● Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 9000HL00-0AA0 termination kit (Page 285)
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Passive components for optical networks
7.4 Fiberoptic connectors
● Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex
connectors (Page 291)
● Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC
connectors (Page 302)
7.4.3
BFOC connector for plastic FO cable
Properties
The BFOC connectors allow precision fiberoptic cable connections. The construction of the
BFOC connector allows the strain relief of cables to be used. These are essential for setting
up longer FO connections, for example, between different OLM/Ps. The BFOC connectors
must be ordered separately.
For ordering data and instructions on fitting connectors, refer to the IK PI catalog and Section
Installation instructions and notes on usage (Page 277).
Figure 7-16
224
BFOC connectors with accessories (crimping sleeve and antikink sleeve), for plastic FO
cables
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Passive components for optical networks
7.4 Fiberoptic connectors
7.4.4
Connectors for glass fiber-optic cables
BFOC connectors for glass fiberoptic cables
In PROFIBUS, only BFOC connectors are used for glass fiberoptic cables.
Figure 7-17
BFOC connector with dust cap
Fitting connectors on site
When connectors need to be fitted on site,
● SIEMENS provides this service,
● BFOC connectors (6GK1 901-0DA20-0AA0) and a suitable special tool can be ordered.
Note
Connectors should only be fitted to glass fiber-optic cables by trained personnel. When
fitted correctly, they allow extremely low insertion loss and the value is highly
reproducible after multiple plugging cycles.
Prefabricated cables
To be able to use glass fiber-optic cables with untrained personnel, glass fiber-optic cables
are also available with four BFOC connectors already fitted.
For ordering data, please refer to the current SIMATIC NET Catalog IK PI.
Note
Fiber-optic cable connectors are susceptible to contamination and mechanical damage to
the face. Protect open connectors with the supplied dust caps.
Clean the faces of the connectors before inserting them in devices or FO couplers.
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Passive Components for PROFIBUSPA
8.1
8
SIMATIC NET cables for PROFIBUS PA
PROFIBUS PA cables
The following applies for PROFIBUS PA cables:
● Due to the double shielding, they are particularly suitable for laying in industrial
environments subject to electromagnetic interference.
● A consistent grounding concept can be implemented via the outer jacket and the ground
terminals of the SplitConnect Tap.
● The meter markers printed on the cable make it easier to identify the length.
(Serve as orientation; accuracy ±5 %.)
Notes on laying PROFIBUS PA cables
Bus cables are impaired by mechanical damage. How to install bus cables correctly is
described in detail in Appendix "Installing bus cables (Page 259)".
To make it easier to measure the length of cables, they have a marker every meter.
Overview
The table below is an overview of the bus cables for PROFIBUS PA showing their
mechanical and electrical characteristics.
If you require a cable with characteristics that are not covered by the range of products
described here, please contact your local SIEMENS office.
Ordering special cables, accessories, and tools
Special cables and special lengths of all SIMATIC NET bus cables as well as accessories,
tools and measuring equipment can be obtained from:
I IA SE IP S BD 1
Jürgen Hertlein
Tel.: +49 (911) 750-4465
Fax: +49 (911) 750-9991
juergen.hertlein@siemens.com (mailto:juergen.hertlein@siemens.com)
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Passive Components for PROFIBUSPA
8.1 SIMATIC NET cables for PROFIBUS PA
Table 8- 1
Bus cables for PROFIBUS PA
Technical specifications 1)
Cable type
FC process cable for PROFIBUS PA3) 2)
Order no.
6XV1 830-5EH10
6XV1 830-5FH10
228
Attenuation
• at 16 MHz
• at 4 MHz
• at 38.4 kHz
• at 9.6 kHz
•
•
•
•
≤ 3 dB/km
-
Surge impedance
• at 9.6 kHz
• at 31.25 kHz
• at 38.4 kHz
• at 3 to 20 MHz
• Rated value
•
•
•
•
•
100 ± 20 Ω
100 ± 20 Ω
100 Ω
Loop resistance
22 Ω/km
Shield resistance
6.5 Ω
Effective capacitance at 1 kHz
• Wire-wire
• Wire-shield
•
•
Operating voltage (rms value)
100 V
Continuous current of the power wires at 25
°C
-
Cable type standard code
02Y SY (ST)CY 1x2x1.0/2.55-100 BL/SW OE FR
Jacket
• Material
• Color
• Diameter
•
•
•
PVC
blue / black
8.0 ± 0.4 mm
Wires
• Conductor cross section
• Color of the wire insulation
•
•
0.83 mm2 (AWG18)
Red/green
Perm. ambient conditions
• -Operating temperature
• -Transportation/storage temperature
• -Installation temperature
•
•
•
-40°C + 80°C
-40°C + 80°C
-20°C + 80°C
Bending radiuses
• Single bend
• Multiple bends
•
•
40 mm
80 mm
Max. tensile load
150 N
Approx. weight
103 kg/km
Resistance to fire
Flame retardant to IEC 60332-3-24
50 nF/km
90 nF/km
Resistance to oil
Resistant to mineral oils and grease
UV resistance
Yes
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Passive Components for PROFIBUSPA
8.1 SIMATIC NET cables for PROFIBUS PA
Technical specifications 1)
Cable type
FC process cable for PROFIBUS PA3) 2)
Product property
• Halogen-free
• Silicone-free
• ROHS-compliant
•
•
•
UL listing at 300 V rating
Yes
UL style at 600 V rating
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
1) Electrical characteristics at 20 °C, tests according to DIN 47250 Part 4 or DIN VDE 0472
2) Not suitable for connection to PROFIBUS RS-485 bus connectors with insulation piercing contacts
3) Transmission rate 31.25 kbps
8.1.1
FC process cable GP (PROFIBUS PA cable)
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Figure 8-1
Design of the FC bus cable for PROFIBUS PA
FC bus cables for PROFIBUSPA 6XV1 830-5EH10 and 6XV1 830-5FH10
The bus cables 6XV1 830-5EH10 (blue jacket) and 6XV1 830-5FH10 (black jacket) are
standard cables for PROFIBUS PA networks. They can be used generally for all systems
using the transmission technique complying with IEC 611582 (Manchester coded and bus
powered), for example, Foundation Fieldbus and PROFIBUS PA. They meet the
requirements of cable type A to MBP The combination of twisted pairs and braid shield make
the cables particularly suitable for industrial environments subject to electromagnetic
interference. The design of the cable also guarantees stable electrical and mechanical
properties after the cable has been installed.
The structure of the cable allows the use of the FastConnect (FC) stripping tool for fast
stripping of the outer jacket, see Section "Installation instructions for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS FAST CONNECT (Page 138)".
Properties
● Flameretardant
● Selfextinguishing in case of fire
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Passive Components for PROFIBUSPA
8.1 SIMATIC NET cables for PROFIBUS PA
● Resistant to UV radiation
● Conditionally resistant to mineral oil and greases
● The FC Process Cable corresponds to the FISCO model
● Cable with black outer jacket for non-hazardous area (6XV1 830-5FH10)
● Cable with blue outer jacket for hazardous area (6XV1 830-5EH10)
● Cable for the hazardous area with PROFIBUS PA
● High noise immunity due to double shielding
Use
The bus cable for PROFIBUS PA bus connections is designed for MBP transmission
technology. It is intended for fixed installation indoors and outdoors.
For the construction of fieldbus networks according to IEC 61158-2 (for example PROFIBUS
PA), different color-coded cable types are available for the different types of applications
(hazardous, non-hazardous areas).
230
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8.2 SpliTConnect Tap
8.2
SpliTConnect Tap
Area of application
The SpliTConnect Tap allows the setup of a PROFIBUS PA bus segment with end device
attachment points. The SpliTConnect Coupler can be used to construct a PROFIBUS PA
hub by connecting SpliTConnect Taps in series. By replacing the contacting screw with the
SpliTConnect terminator, the SpliTConnect tap can be used as a bus terminating element.
PROFIBUS SpliTConnect tap
SpliTConnect Coupler
SpliTConnect terminator
SpliTConnect M12 Outlet
SpliTConnect M12 Jack
Design
The SpliTConnect tap has a rugged plastic casing of PBT (polybuthylene-terephthalate)
complying with IP67 and is suitable for mounting on a rail or wall. The integrated metal
casing ensures complete shielding. In conjunction with the PROFIBUS FC process cable
GP, the SpliTConnect tap provides a simple cable attachment that can be installed quickly.
The contacting and connection of the PROFIBUS FC process cable GP uses the insulation
piercing technique with a contact screw. It is also possible to ground the SpliTConnect tap
using the contact screw.
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Passive Components for PROFIBUSPA
8.2 SpliTConnect Tap
How it works
The SpliTConnect tap is used to install a PROFIBUS PA bus segment complying with IEC
611582 (Page 337) attachment points for end devices. The FastConnect system
(FastConnect stripping tool, PROFIBUS FC process cable GP) allows simple fitting of
connectors. The end devices can be connected directly via the PROFIBUS FC process cable
GP or via the SpliTConnect M12 outlet.
Description
Order no.
SpliTConnect Tap
6GK1 905-0AA00
for implementing PROFIBUS PA segments and attaching PA field devices,
insulation piercing contacts, IP67
How supplied: Available in packs of 10
6GK1 905-0AB00
SpliTConnect M12 Outlet
element for direct attachment of PROFIBUSPA field devices to the
SpliTConnect tap via the M12 connector
How supplied: Available in packs of 5
6GK1 905-0AC00
SpliTConnect Coupler
connection element for cascading SpliTConnect taps to create star hubs
How supplied: Available in packs of 10
6GK1 905-0AD00
SpliTConnect terminator (Ex)
for terminating PROFIBUSPA segments, can be used in hazardous areas
How supplied: Available in packs of 5
6GK1 905-0AE00
SpliTConnect terminator (not Ex)
for connecting PROFIBUSPA segments, cannot be used in hazardous areas
How supplied: Available in packs of 5
6GK1 905-0AF00
SpliTConnect M12 Jack
for direct attachment of PROFIBUS PA field devices to the PROFIBUS PA
segment via an M12 connector
How supplied: Available in packs of 5
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Passive components for power supply
9.1
Overview of 7/8" cabling system
9.1.1
Overview of 7/8" cabling system
9
7/8" cabling system for supplying power
To supply power to IP65 PROFIBUS nodes (for example the SIMATIC ET 200), there is a
7/8" cabling system available.
The power supply concept of the ET 200 involves power being supplied by a central power
supply unit and being looped through from device to device. The load and device supply are
over separate circuits. The devices have a 7/8" male connector on the input side and a
socket on the output side.
7/8" connecting cables consist of a flexible 5-wire cable to supply two independent circuits
and have both a 7/8" male and female connector.
The cable is available both in meters to allow connectors to be fitted on-site and
preassembled in various lengths.
Note
How to lay power cables
● When laying power cables, the same physical constraints apply as described in Section
"Installing bus cables (Page 259)" for bus cables.
● The limits for temperature, tensile loading, pressure, torsion, bending radii etc. specified
in the data sheet must not be exceeded.
Ordering special cables, accessories, and tools
Special cables and special lengths of all SIMATIC NET cables as well as accessories, tools
and measuring equipment can be obtained from:
I IA SE IP S BD 1
Jürgen Hertlein
Tel.: +49 (911) 750-4465
Fax: +49 (911) 750-9991
juergen.hertlein@siemens.com (mailto:mailto:juergen.hertlein@siemens.com)
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Passive components for power supply
9.1 Overview of 7/8" cabling system
Table 9- 1
Cable for power supply
Technical specifications 1)
Cable type
Energy cable
Order no.
6XV1 830-8AH10
Use
Power supply of ET 200 modules with 7/8" power
interface
Operating voltage (rms value)
600 V
Cross section of the power cores
1.5 mm2
Continuous current of the power cores
16 A
Cable type standard code
L-Y11Y-JZ 5x1x1.5 GR
Jacket
• Material
• Color
• Diameter
•
•
•
PUR
gray
10.5 ± 0.3 mm
Power cores
• Conductor cross section
• Color of the wire insulation
•
•
1.5 mm2
4 x black, green/yellow
Perm. ambient conditions
• -Operating temperature
• -Transportation/storage temperature
• -Installation temperature
•
•
•
-40°C + 80°C
-40°C + 80°C
-40°C + 80°C
Bending radiuses
• Single bend
• Multiple bends
• Number of bending cycles
•
•
•
26 mm
63 mm
5.000.000
Max. tensile load
500 N
Approx. weight
149 kg/km
Resistance to fire
Flame retardant to IEC 60332-1
Resistance to oil
Resistant to mineral oils and grease
UV resistance
Resistant
FastConnect electrical connection version
No
Product property
• Halogen-free
• Silicone-free
• ROHS-compliant
•
•
•
UL listing at 300 V rating
No
UL style at 600 V rating
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
1) Electrical characteristics at 20 °C, tests according to DIN 47250 Part 4 or DIN VDE 0472
234
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Passive components for power supply
9.2 7/8" energy connector and connecting cables
9.1.2
Energy cable 5 x 1.5
385RXWHUMDFNHW
&RQGXFWRUVWUDQGHG
FRSSHU
39&LQVXODWLRQVOHHYH
3ODVWLFIRLO
&HQWUDOHOHPHQW
Figure 9-1
Energy cable 5 x 1.5
Energy cable 6XV1 830-8AH10
Rugged cable suitable for trailing with 5 copper wires for supplying power to the ET 200pro.
The 6XV1 830-0AH10 energy cable corresponds to UL style AWM 20669; 90 °C; 600 V.
Properties
The 6XV1 830-8AH energy cable has the following properties:
● Resistant to mineral oils and greases to EN 60811-2-1
● Small bending radii for installation and operation
● Very high number of bending cycles of 5,000,000 bends
● The jacket material is flame resistant to IEC 60332-1
● The jacket material is halogen-free
Use
Rugged cable suitable for trailing with 5 copper wires (1.5 mm2) for connection to a 7/8"
connector.
9.2
7/8" energy connector and connecting cables
Use
Using the 7/8" energy connector and connecting cables, SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS nodes
can be supplied with electrical power.
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Passive components for power supply
9.2 7/8" energy connector and connecting cables
Area of application
You require the 7/8" energy connector to supply SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS nodes with
power.
Table 9- 2
Design and area of application of the energy connector and the Power T-Tap PRO in
IP65
7/8" connector
Power T-Tap PRO
7/8" connecting cable
6GK1 905-0FA00
6GK1 905-0FB00
6GK1 905-0FC00
6XV1 822-5B***
ET 200pro
X
X
X
ET 200eco
X
X
X
Order numbers:
Design
ET 200B
ET 200L
ET 200M
ET 200S
PG 720/720C
PG 740
PG 760
RS-485 repeater
OP
OLM/OBT
Technical specifications
Table 9- 3
Technical specifications of the energy connector and the Power T-Tap PRO in IP65
7/8" connector
Order numbers:
6GK1 905-0FA00
Cable outlet
180 °
Interfaces
• to the device
• to the energy cable
•
•
Rated current (40 °C)
9A
236
7/8" male
Screw terminal
6GK1 905-0FB00
•
•
7/8" female
Screw terminal
Power T-Tap PRO
7/8" connecting
cable
6GK1 905-0FC00
6XV1 822-5B***
180/90 °
180 °*
•
•
7/8" female
7/8" male/female
5.3 A
•
•
7/8" female
7/8" male
9A
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Passive components for power supply
9.2 7/8" energy connector and connecting cables
7/8" connector
Order numbers:
6GK1 905-0FA00
Permissible ambient
conditions
• Operating temperature
• Transportation/storage
temperature
•
Relative humidity
– Installed
– Transportation and
storage
•
•
6GK1 905-0FB00
-40 °C .. +85 °C
-40 °C .. +85 °
Power T-Tap PRO
7/8" connecting
cable
6GK1 905-0FC00
6XV1 822-5B***
•
•
-40 °C .. +80 °C
-40 °C .. +80 °C
•
•
26x55x73 mm
110 g
-40 °C .. +85 °C
-40 °C .. +80 °C
•
•
5 to 100 % with condensation
5 to 95 % without condensation
Construction
• Dimensions (WxHxD)
• Weight
•
•
Type of protection
IP67
Connectable cable
diameters
10.5 ± 0.3 mm
ROHS-compliant
Yes
27x27x83 mm
55 g
•
∅ 27 mm
IP67
IP67
Yes
Yes
* 90 ° cable outlet available as special cable (special lengths
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/26999294))
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Passive components for power supply
9.3 Connecting the energy cable to the 7/8" energy connector
9.3
Connecting the energy cable to the 7/8" energy connector
Design
Figure 9-2
7/8" energy connector
Suitable cables
7/8" energy connectors are intended for making connections to the SIMATIC NET energy
cable (5 x 1.5 mm2). The stranded wires of the energy cable must be fitted with 0.75 mm²
wire-end ferrules.
Note
The mechanical data of the 7/8" energy connector are tailored to the SIMATIC NET energy
cables (6XV1 830-8AH10). Fitting 7/8" energy connectors to cables with different electrical or
mechanical properties can cause problems during operation!
Connecting up the bus cable
Fit the energy connector to the energy cable (6XV1 830-0AH10) as follows:
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9.3 Connecting the energy cable to the 7/8" energy connector
Figure 9-3
Energy connector - fitting
Fitting connectors to cables
1. Push the clamping screw (a), pinch ring (b) and sealing ring (c) over the cable.
2. Strip the jacket and wires as shown in the drawing.
3. Fit the 0.75 mm² wire-end ferrules to the stranded wires.
4. Push the connector sleeve (d) over the wires.
5. Screw the wires into the screw terminals of the female or male connector insert as shown
in the chart.
6. Push the connector sleeve (d) onto the female or male insert (e) and screw the two parts
together.
7. Push the pinch ring (b) over the sealing ring (c) and press the two parts together with the
pressure nut (a) into the connector sleeve.
8. Screw the pressure nut tight.
Pin assignment
View of the connector
face
Pin
(6GK1905-0EA00)
Lead
Socket
(6GK1905-0EB00)
Pin 1
Wire 1
Pin 1
Pin 2
Wire 2
Pin 2
Pin 3
PE
Pin 3
Pin 4
Wire 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Wire 4
Pin 5
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View of the connector
face
239
Passive components for power supply
9.4 7/8" connecting cable for power supply
9.4
7/8" connecting cable for power supply
Area of application
The 7/8” connecting cable is a preassembled cable used for supplying power to PROFIBUS
nodes (for example the SIMATIC ET 200) with IP65 protection
Design
The 7/8" connecting cable id based on the energy cable 5 x 1.5 mm2 (6XV1 830-8AH10). At
one end, it has a 5-pin 7/8" male connector with a straight cable outlet and at the other end,
it has a 5-pin 7/8" socket with a straight cable outlet. The cable is available in lengths of 0.3
m to 15 m.
Figure 9-4
240
7/8" connecting cable
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9.5 Connecting the 7/8" energy connector to a module
Function
The 7/8" connecting cable is used to supply power to PROFIBUS nodes.
Table 9- 4
Ordering data for the SIMATIC NET 7/8" connecting cable
Ordering data:
SIMATIC NET 7/8" connecting cable
For power supply; pre-assembled with two 5-pin
7/8" male/female connectors up to 50 m max.;
length
* Additional special lengths with 90° or 180° cable Special lengths
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view
outlet
/en/26999294)
9.5
0.3 m
6XV1 822-5BE30
0.5 m
6XV1 822-5B E50
1.0 m
6XV1 822-5B H10
1.5 m
6XV1 822-5B H15
2.0 m
6XV1 822-5B H20
3.0 m
6Xv1 822-5B H30
5.0 m
6XV1 822-5B H50
10 m
6XV1 822-5B N10
15 m
6XV1 822-5B DN15
Connecting the 7/8" energy connector to a module
Properties
The 7/8" energy connector of a device consists of a 7/8" male incoming connector and a 7/8"
female outgoing connector. This means that the 7/8" connector must be equipped with
socket contacts for the incoming energy cable and pin contacts for the outgoing energy
cable.
NOTICE
Insert or remove the 7/8" energy connector only when the power supply is turned off.
connecting the 7/8" energy connector
To connect the 7/8" energy connector to the device, follow the steps below:
1. Turn off the power supply.
2. Turn the connector so that the slot and key of the mating mechanism fit together.
3. Plug the 7/8" energy connector loosely into the module.
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9.5 Connecting the 7/8" energy connector to a module
4. By carefully turning the male connector, make sure the connector and socket are properly
interlocked (slot and key).
5. Tighten the locking nut to secure the 7/8" energy connector to the module.
Closing unused 7/8" connection points
Close all unused 7/8" connection points with sealing caps (6ES7 194-3JA00-0AA0) to
achieve degree of protection IP65 or IP67.
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.1
Hardware test device BT200 for PROFIBUS DP
A.1.1
Possible applications
A
Possible applications
The BT200 hardware test device for PROFIBUS DP can be used as an installation,
commissioning, and service tool. Due to its versatility, it is useful for both the installer of
PROFIBUS networks as well as the experienced commissioning engineer and service
engineer. An acceptance report can also be created following installation of the system.
A.1.2
Area of application
Area of application
During installation, the BT200 test device can be used to test the PROFIBUS cable.
Installation errors are found quickly and simply and the installation engineer requires no
special knowledge of PROFIBUS. Even before the system is put into operation, the BT 200
device can be used to test the RS485 drivers of the PROFIBUS nodes. Outputting a list of
accessible slaves on the pre-wired bus is also possible, and this without a master on
PROFIBUS DP. This means that individual bus segments can be checked in advance,
reducing the commissioning times. If an error occurs, these test functions can be useful in
localizing the problem and minimizing the downtimes of the system.
Note
Check the physical bus properties before commissioning with the BT 200. This reduces the
time required for commissioning and prevents system downtimes and sporadic bus errors.
A.1.3
Logging function
Logging function
All the test results can be stored on the BT 200. Using a pointtopoint cable, the data can be
transferred to a PC. The test results can be edited on the PC and printed out as a log.
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.1 Hardware test device BT200 for PROFIBUS DP
A.1.4
Design and properties
Figure A-1
Hardware test device BT200 for PROFIBUS DP
Properties
● Compact plastic casing, degree of protection IP 30
● Dimensions (W x H x D) in mm: Approx. 210 x 100 x 50
● LCD display with 2 x 16 characters
● 8-key membrane keyboard
● Attachment to the PROFIBUS network via 9pin D-sub female connector
● Power supply from integrated NC battery
● Attachment to charger (accessories)
A.1.5
Functions
Checking the PROFIBUS cable
In this test, only the PROFIBUS cable is tested. The following errors can be detected:
● Shortcircuit between data lines or between data line and shield
● Line interruption
● Shield break
● Reversed polarity (A and B)
● Reflections that could cause errors
● The number of activated terminating resistors is checked
The length of the PROFIBUS cable can also be measured.
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.1 Hardware test device BT200 for PROFIBUS DP
Checking the RS485 interface of a slave
The test device is connected to one slave. This is supplied with power. The test device then
makes the following measurements:
● RS485 driver OK/defective
● Power supply to the terminating resistor OK/not OK
● RTS signal present/not present
Checking the accessibility of nodes
● List of accessible slaves (live list)
● Specific addressing of individual slaves
A.1.6
How it works
Testing cables
The previously described tests and measurements are based essentially on various voltage,
reflection and resistance measurements. To check the cable, the test device is connected to
one end of the cable and a test connector at the other. When installing the cable, the user
works gradually from connector to connector. At the press of a button the measurements are
made automatically and the test results displayed.
Tests on nodes
When testing on the node itself, a pointtopoint link is established between the test device
and the node. To complete the tests, the accessibility of the attached slaves is checked on
the wiredup bus. The user can have a list of accessible slaves created automatically or can
check the accessibility of a single slave by specifying its address manually.
Displaying test results
Apart from the actual test result, the display also shows concrete measures that can be
taken to remedy problems. During the measurement of the reflections, the location of the
problem is also displayed. This means that the user does not require specialized PROFIBUS
knowledge to work with the test unit and to find typical problems in the wiring and setup and
to eliminate them. No additional devices are necessary for the measurements. This means a
drastic reduction in commissioning times and plant downtimes.
Documenting the system status
The BT 200 simplifies the creation of an acceptance report to document the system status at
the time of acceptance. As standard, the unit is designed for operation on PROFIBUS cables
complying with type A (EN 50170). The unit parameters can, however, be modified by
entering the electrical parameters for the cable to be tested. This means (whatever cable
type is used) that the location of a problem can be displayed in meters as well as the total
length of the installed cable.
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.2 Testing fiber-optic cable
Battery operation
The device has an accumulator battery. This ensures that the user can test the entire system
without requiring a power supply. The device is turned off automatically to save power after 3
minutes if no input is made ensuring that the battery has a long working life.
Ordering data
Table A- 1
BT 2000 hardware test device ordering data
Ordering data
Order no.
BT 200 hardware test device (charging unit not included)
- with point-to-point cable for connecting to a node
6ES7 181-0AA01-0AA0
- with test connector
- with operating instruction German/English
Charging unit (230V AC / 2.4 - 10 V DC)
6ES7 193-8LA00-0AA0
Charging unit (110V AC / 2.4 - 10 V DC)
6ES7 193-8LA00-0AB0
Test connector (spare)
6EP8 106-0AC20
NC battery pack (spare)
6EP8106-0HA01
Pointtopoint cable (spare)
6EP8106-0HC01
The operating instructions can also be found on the Internet
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/de/857969).
A.2
Testing fiber-optic cable
A.2.1
Necessity of a final test
The total loss on an FO transmission path, particularly the influence of splices, can only be
estimated roughly during planning. As a result of inaccuracies when creating the splices and
subjecting cables to excessive stress during installation, the actual loss may well be higher
than the calculated values. The only way to be sure that a fiberoptic link functions reliably
and has an adequate link power margin is to measure the loss following installation. It is
advisable to test every fiberoptic link in which the connectors were fitted onsite and to
document the results in an acceptance report.
Attenuation
Attenuation defined as the optical power loss in decibels (dB) is the decisive criterion in
optical networks. All the system components such as the cable, connectors, splices,
couplers etc. contribute to the total loss. To measure this loss, fiberoptic test units must be
used following installation. During the measurements, light with the same wavelength must
be used as in the optical transmission system.
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.2 Testing fiber-optic cable
Measuring methods
In the main, two test methods are used:
1. The optical power source and meter
2. Optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR)
As of version 3, the PROFIBUS OLM has an integrated diagnostic option with which the
quality of the received optical signal can be checked.
A.2.2
Optical power source and meter
All the components of a fiber-optic link such as the fiber, connectors, couplers and splices
contribute to losses. The total loss must be below the available optical power budget
between the optical transmitter and receiver.
The optical power source and meter method allows the link loss to be measured. Light from
a defined light source is sent through the link and the resulting losses are measured with an
optical power meter.
This method can be used for plastic, PCF, multimode and singlemode fiberoptic cables.
Since attenuation depends on wavelength, the measurement must be performed at the same
wavelength that will later be used during operation (650 nm, 850 nm or 1300 nm)
Arrangement for measuring loss
The arrangement for measuring loss consists of a light source and an optical power meter.
The light source is first connected to the receiver via a reference fiber. The optical power
measured at the receiver is the reference value for a link without attenuation. Following this,
the reference fiber is opened and the link to be measured is inserted. The meter compares
the optical power received now with the previously measured reference value and calculates
the attenuation of the inserted link on this basis.
Step 1: Reference measurement
Light source
Optical power meter
Step 2: Line measurement
Light source
Optical power meter
Figure A-2
Measuring the total loss of a fiber-optic link
Evaluating the results of the loss measurements
An optical power budget is available between an optical transmitter and optical receiver. This
identifies the difference between the minimum power launched by the transmitter and the
minimum optical power required at the receiver. The optical power budget is normally
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.2 Testing fiber-optic cable
specified in dB. The measured total loss on the fiberoptic link must be less than this optical
power budget.
The greater the difference between the total loss and the optical power budget, the greater
the operating reliability and longterm stability of the optical link. The difference between the
optical power budget and the total attenuation is known as the link power margin of an
optical link. For multimode glassfiber links, this link power margin should not be below 3 dB
and for singlemode glassfiber links should not be below 2 dB.
A.2.3
Optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR)
If the attenuation measurement described above indicates that the total attenuation of the
fiberoptic link is too high, the causes and the location of the problem must be established.
Here, OTDRs are used.
Figure A-3
Optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR)
OTDRs exist for the wavelengths 850 nm and 1300 nm. This means that this method can be
used for both multimode and singlemode fiberoptic cables.
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.2 Testing fiber-optic cable
How an OTDR Functions
An OTDR can be compared to a radar unit The OTDR sends laser light pulses on the FO
cable to be tested (the end of the cable is open). These light pulses are reflected more or
less strongly by all problem points along the cable. A meter evaluates the intensity and
propagation time of the reflected pulses.
Transmitter
(laser light)
Test FO cable
Analysis
and display
Figure A-4
Meas.
receiver
How an OTDR Functions
OTDR evaluation
The OTDR provides the measurement results graphically
Backscatter
Power [dB]
Start of fiber
Coupling
Fusion splice
End of fiber
Bonding splice
Distance
Figure A-5
Representation of the OTDR measurement results
The figure above clearly illustrates that the power of the launched light reduces constantly
along the fiberoptic link. There are significant jumps at the coupling points of the fiber.
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Testing PROFIBUS
A.2 Testing fiber-optic cable
The following conclusions can be drawn from these results:
● Whether the coupling points should be replaced due to excessive attenuation
● Whether the fiber has been damaged when installing the cable
● The distance between the impairments and the start of the fiber
Based on this information,
● defects resulting from installation can be eliminated,
● fiberoptic links can be documented in detail and, if problems occur, can be compared with
the link at the time it was installed.
A.2.4
Checking the optical signal quality with PROFIBUS OLM V4
Checking
The receive level of the two optical channels can be detected using a normal commercially
available voltmeter attached to measurement terminals on the PROFIBUS OLM V4. The
voltmeter can be inserted and removed during operation using 2 mm laboratory test plugs.
This allows the following:
● The incoming optical power can be documented, for example for later measurements
(aging, damage)
Comment: On the OLM V4, the incoming light power is displayed on the optical channels
by LEDs (CH2/3 Level).
● A good/bad check can be made (limit value).
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A.2 Testing fiber-optic cable
The correlation between the measured output voltage and the signal quality is in the form of
a curve (see figure).
4,0
3,5
2,5
2,0
1,7
1,4
1,0
Normal operation, level adequate
0,8
Measurement voltage in V
3,0
0,6
0,4
Optical link power margin reduced
Function not guaranteed
≈
-26
-24
-22
-20
-18
-16
-14
-12
-10
Received optical power at 660 nm/dBm
-8
-6
0,2
0,1
0
-4
≈
-28
-26
-24
-22
-20
-18
-16
Received optical power at 860 nm/dBm
-14
-12
≈
-29
-28
Figure A-6
-27
-26
-25
-24
-23
-22
-21
Received optical power at 1310 nm/dBm
-20
-19
-18
Example Correlation between the measured voltage and signal quality with an OLM/G12
Further information
You will find more detailed information on the OLM in the IK PI catalog and on the Internet
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/24164176).
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Lightning and overvoltage protection of bus cables between
buildings
B.1
B
Why protect your automation system from overvoltage?
Introduction
One of the most common causes of hardware failures is overvoltage, caused by the
following:
● Switching in power networks
● Atmospheric discharge or
● Electrostatic discharge
We will show you how to protect devices attached to a PROFIBUS bus cable from
overvoltages.
Note
This section contains information about protecting hardware components on a PROFIBUS
bus cable from overvoltages.
Comprehensive protection from overvoltage is, however, only assured when the entire
automation system and the entire surrounding building is designed for protection from
overvoltages. In particular, this involves structural measures in the building design phase.
Therefore, for detailed information regarding overvoltage protection, we recommend that you
contact your Siemens representative or a company specializing in lightning protection.
Further references
You will find detailed information on protection of systems automated with SIMATIC S7 from
overvoltage in the relevant system manuals
S7-300 (Page 337) , S7-400 (Page 337) , ET 200 (Page 337).
The solution shown there is based on the lightning protection zone concept described in
IEC 61312-1/DIN VDE 0185 T103.
B.2
Protecting bus cables from lightning
Bus cables within buildings
If you keep to the instructions for installing bus cables located entirely within a building, no
special lightning protection is necessary.
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B.2 Protecting bus cables from lightning
Bus cables between buildings
Since bus cables between buildings are subject to higher overvoltage risks (the effects of
lightning), the nodes included in the attached bus segment must be protected from the
effects of overvoltage.
Lightning protection facilities for bus cables are implemented in two different components,
coarse protection and fine protection.
Basic protection
While coarse protection prevents the progress of highenergy lightning currents at the point of
entry to the building, the fine protection installed in the vicinity of the DTE provides finer
limitation of overvoltage for the bus node.
● The lightning protection devices described below represent a protection concept
developed in conjunction with the company of Dehn & Söhne for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS and that can be used for all transmission rates (9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps). The
devices can be ordered directly from the firm of Dehn & Söhne; ordering data are listed
below.
● When configuring a network, remember that the coarse and fine protection together must
be considered as a node (reduction of the number of nodes in segments with lightning
protection modules).
● If a PROFIBUS segment runs through several buildings (several lightning components
used in series), a repeater should be installed in each building to refresh the signal.
PLC
AG
AG
PLC
Fine protection close to Same protective design
on other
first node
cable inlet or
Coarse protection at
outlet necessary
entry to building
Underground cable,
Potential bonding conductor
Figure B-1
254
Lightning protection concept for bus cables between buildings
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B.3 Instructions for installing coarse protection
B.3
Instructions for installing coarse protection
Basic protection
The coarse protection must be installed at the point where the bus cable enters the building
and connected to the building equipotential bonding system with low impedance.
The following are required to create the coarse protection:
● The base section type no. 919506,
● The protection module type B, type no. 919510 and
● The shield contact terminals type no. 919508 are required.
To keep EMC* and environmental influences away from the coarse protection, this should be
installed in a protective enclosure type no. 906055. At the same time, the transition from the
underground cable to the standard indoor cabling can be made here.
Figure B-2
Coarse protection installed at the entry or exit of the building
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B.4 Instructions for installing fine protection
B.4
Instructions for installing fine protection
Low-voltage protection
The fine protection should be installed as close as possible to the 1st node following the
coarse protection.
The following are required to install the fine protection:
● The base section type no. 919506,
● The protection module MD/HF type no. 919570,
and
● The shield contact terminals type no. 919508
are required.
The fine protection should be connected with low impedance to the reference ground of the
1st node on the bus (for example, grounded DIN rail when installed in a cabinet). When
installing the fine protection outside cubicles (IP 65 area or higher) this must be installed in
● protective casing, type no. 906055
as described in the installation instructions for the coarse protection.
Figure B-3
256
Fine protection in the cubicle close to the first bus node
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B.5 General information on the lightning protection equipment from the firm of Dehn & Söhne
B.5
General information on the lightning protection equipment from the firm
of Dehn & Söhne
● When installing the modules read the instructions regarding the products from Dehn &
Söhne.
● If there is a fault in a lightning protection module, communication on the bus is interrupted
(cable shortcircuit). To reestablish communication temporarily (without lightning
protection) the protective modules can be removed from the base modules since these
function as throughconnected terminals without the protective module.
● The rest of the plant protection concept must be implemented complying with VDE 0185
Part 103.
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C.1
C
Bus cables in automation systems
Bus cables as important plant connections
In automation systems, the bus cables are the most important connections between
individual plant components. Mechanical damage (cable break) or repeated electrical
interference affecting these bus connections reduces the transmission capacity of the
system. In extreme cases, such problems can lead to failure of the entire automation system.
The following sections explain how to protect cables from mechanical and electrical
impairment.
Keep the overall system concept in mind
Bus cables connect automation systems that in turn are connected to transducers, power
supply units, peripheral devices etc. via cables. All the components together form an
electrically networked automation system.
When connecting system components via electrical cables (in this case bus cables),
remember to take into account the specific requirements of the overall system structure.
Connecting cables, in particular, affect the concepts
● for safe isolation of dangerous power supply voltages
● for protecting the system from overvoltage (for example lightning protection)
● for EMC (noise emission and noise immunity)
● for electrical isolation.
Networking SIMATIC with SIMATIC NET
SIMATIC NET network components and SIMATIC automation components are designed to
operate together taking into account the aspects listed above. By keeping to the installation
instructions described in the system manuals, you will create an automation system that
meets the legal and normal industrial requirements for safety and noise immunity.
C.2
Electrical safety
The signal levels on electric PROFIBUS cables are low voltage. Correctly installed and
operated PROFIBUS bus cables do not have dangerous electrical voltages.
Remember, however, the following rules when installing the power supply for all components
(nodes, bus components, etc.) that you want to connect to a PROFIBUS cable.
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C.3 Mechanical protection of bus cables
Line voltage
Between components operated on mains power supply and the PROFIBUS interface, the
requirements of safe electrical isolation from the power supply complying with DIN VDE 0160
and DIN IEC 60950 (Page 337) / VDE 0805/EN 60950/ UL 1950/ CSA 22.2 No. 950 must be
met.
24 V DC supply
24 V DC power supplies for components must meet the requirements of low voltage with
safe electrical isolation from the network complying with DIN VDE 0160 and DIN IEC 60950
(Page 337) / VDE 0805/EN 60950/ UL 1950/ CSA 22.2 No. 950.
Protection against external electrical interference
Cable or wire breaks must not lead to undefined statuses in the plant or system.
C.3
Mechanical protection of bus cables
Protection of electrical and optical bus cables
Mechanical protection is required to protect bus cables from breaks or mechanical damage.
Note
The measures described here for mechanical protection apply both to electrical and optical
cables.
Measures for mechanical protection
The following measures are recommended to protect bus cables from physical damage:
● When cable cannot be installed on a cable rack or similar construction, it should be
installed in a conduit (for example PG 11-16)
● In areas where the cable is subject to mechanical stress, install the cable in a heavygauge aluminum conduit or in a heavygauge plastic conduit.
● When 90° bends are necessary and at the junctions between buildings (for example
expansion joints), a break in the conduit is acceptable only when there is no likelihood of
damage to the cable, for example due to falling objects.
● In areas where the cable is likely to be walked on or driven over, the cable must be
protected from damage by a closed heavygauge aluminum or steel conduit. As an
alternative, the cable can be laid in a metal cable gutter.
Remember the instructions for laying cables outside buildings.
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C.3 Mechanical protection of bus cables
Figure C-1
Mechanical protection of the bus cable
Figure C-2
Interrupting the conduit at an expansion joint
Bus Terminal RS485
The installation of electrical bus cables in a protected area is supported by the use of the
RS485 bus terminal. This allows the attachment of end devices and service and
commissioning work on the end devices without needing to move the actual bus cable.
Redundant bus cables
The installation of redundant bus cables involves special requirements. Redundant cables
should always be installed on separate cable racks to avoid simultaneous damage by the
same event.
Do not operate trailing or festoon cables if they are twisted
To ensure that the working life of trailing and festoon cables, make sure they are not twisted
during installation. A line is printed on the outer sheath along the length of the cables to allow
the cable to be checked for twists.
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C.4 Electromagnetic compatibility of fiberoptic cables
Install bus cables separately
To prevent accidental damage to bus cables, they should be clearly visible and should be
separate from all other wiring and cables. To improve EMC, it is often advisable to install the
bus cables in a separate cable channel or in conductive metal tubes. Such measures also
make it easier to localize a faulty cable.
C.4
Electromagnetic compatibility of fiberoptic cables
Fiber-optic cables
For bus connections between buildings and/or external facilities, the use of fiberoptic cables
is generally recommended. Due to the optical transmission principle, fiberoptic cables are
not affected by electromagnetic interference. Measures for equipotential bonding and for
overvoltage protection are unnecessary with fiberoptic cables.
Note
Fiberoptic cables are ideally suited for bus connections in areas with high noise levels.
Remember, however, that the LAN components operating on an electrical basis such as
OLMs, OBTs or PLCs with integrated optical interfaces may require additional noise
protection measures in such areas before they can be included in the fiber-optic link. These
must be protected using the measures already mentioned such as shielding, grounding,
greater clearance to sources of interference etc.
C.5
Additional instructions on installing fiberoptic cables
Protecting connectors from contamination
Fiberoptic cable connectors are sensitive to contamination. Unconnected male and female
connectors must be protected with the supplied dust caps.
The faces of the connectors should be cleaned before they are inserted in a device.
Attenuation variations under load
During installation, fiberoptic cables must not be twisted, stretched or squashed. The
specified limit values for tensile strain, bending radii and temperature ranges must be
adhered to. During installation, the attenuation values can vary slightly, these variations are,
however, reversible providing the strain limits are not exceeded.
Using the pulling loop, protecting connectors
Preassembled SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables are supplied with a pulling loop and
Kevlar sleeve to allow them to be pulled. Make sure that you only connect your traction
device to this loop. You will find detailed instructions about using the loop in Appendix
"Installation instructions and notes on usage (Page 277)".
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C.6 Electromagnetic compatibility of bus cables
Fitting strain relief
Although the BFOC connectors have their own strain relief and kink protection, it is advisable
to arrange for additional strain relief as close as possible to the connected device to protect
against mechanical strain.
Plan adequate attenuation reserves
When installing the cables over long distances, it is advisable to include one or more future
repair splices in the power loss budget.
Electromagnetic immunity
Fiberoptic cables are immune to electromagnetic interference. Installing cables in cable
channels along with other cables (for example 230 V/380 V power supply cables) causes no
problems. When installing in cable channels, however, make sure that the permitted strain
on the fiberoptic cables is not exceeded when pulling in other cables later.
Attaching PROFIBUS fiber-optic cables
The attachment of the various PROFIBUS fiber-optic cables to optical bus components
(OLM, OBT,...) and devices with an integrated optical interface is described in the chapter
"Passive components for optical networks" and in Appendix "Installation instructions and
notes on usage (Page 277)".
C.6
Electromagnetic compatibility of bus cables
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) includes all questions of electrical, magnetic and
electromagnetic immunity and emission.
To avoid interference affecting electrical systems, these effects must be reduced to a certain
level. The measures involved in achieving this limitation include the design, construction, and
correct connection of bus cables. The components and bus cables for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS meet the requirements of the European standards for devices used in an
industrial environment. This is documented by the CE marking.
Note
The limit values specified can only be guaranteed if the matched components for SIMATIC
NET PROFIBUS are used consistently! The installation instructions in this manual and in the
manuals of the networked programmable logic controllers must also be adhered to exactly!
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C.6 Electromagnetic compatibility of bus cables
C.6.1
Measures to counter interference voltages
Overview
Measures to suppress interference voltages are often only implemented when the control
system is already in operation and proper reception of a useful signal is impaired.
Expenditure and effort involved in such measures (for example special relays) can be
reduced considerably when installing the control system by taking into account the following
points.
Included here:
● Grounding of all inactive metal elements
● Shielding devices and cables
● Suitable positioning of devices and cable routing
● Special noise suppression measures
C.6.2
Installation and grounding of inactive metal parts
Grounding
Connect all inactive metal parts in the immediate vicinity of your automation components and
bus cables to ground (PE system). This includes all metal parts of cabinets, machine parts
etc. that have no electrical function in the automation system. Connecting these parts to a
uniform system chassis produces a uniform reference potential for your system and reduces
the effects of coupledin interference. For detailed information about grounding techniques,
refer to the system manuals of the SIMATIC S7-300 (Page 337) and S7-400 (Page 337)
automation systems.
C.6.3
Using the shields of electrical bus cables
Definition
Shielding is a technique used to counteract the effects of magnetic, electrical or
electromagnetic interference fields.
Interference currents on cable shields must be discharged to ground by short, conductive,
largearea connections. To prevent these interference currents reaching a device or wiring
closet, this discharge must take place immediately before or at the point at which the cable
enters the device casing/wiring closet.
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C.6 Electromagnetic compatibility of bus cables
Cable Shields
Note the following points about cable shields:
● Use SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables throughout your system. The shields of these
cables have an adequate shield density to meet the legal requirements regarding noise
emission and immunity.
● Always contact the shields of bus cables at both ends. The legal requirements for noise
emission and noise immunity in your system (CE marking) can only be achieved when
the shields make contact at both ends.
● Secure the shield of the bus cable to the connector casing.
● If cables are installed permanently, it is advisable to remove the insulation of the shielded
cable and to establish contact on the shield/PE conductor bar.
Note
If there is a potential difference between the grounding points, an illegally high
compensating current can flow through the shield grounded at both ends. To rectify the
problem, do not, under any circumstances, open the shield of the bus cable.
Install an additional bonding conductor parallel to the bus cable that takes over the shield
current (for notes on equipotential bonding refer to Section "Equipotential bonding
(Page 267)") or use fiberoptic cable instead of electrical cable (safest solution).
Handling the shield
Note the following points when handling the shield:
● Secure the braided shield with metal cable clamps.
● The clamps must make good and largearea contact with the shield (see following figure).
● Contact SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables only using the braided copper shield and not
the aluminum foil shield. The foil shield is applied on one side to a plastic foil to increase
tearing strength and is therefore non-conductive.
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C.6 Electromagnetic compatibility of bus cables
● Contact the shield with the shielding bar directly at the point at which the cable enters the
cabinet.
Figure C-3
Securing shielded cables with cable clamps and ties (schematic representation)
● When removing the sheath of the cable, make sure that the braid shield of the cables is
not damaged.
● When selecting contact elements, remember that the cables for SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS have a braid shield outer diameter of approximately 6 mm.
● To allow good contact between grounding elements, tin-plated or galvanically stabilized
surfaces are ideal. With galvanized surfaces, the necessary contact should be achieved
using suitable screws. Painted surfaces should be avoided at the contact points.
● Do not use shield clamps/contacts for strain relief. The contact with the shielding bar
could be impaired or be broken altogether.
Figure C-4
266
Contacting the shield at the point of entry to a cabinet
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C.6 Electromagnetic compatibility of bus cables
C.6.4
Equipotential bonding
When do potential differences occur?
Potential differences can, for example, be caused by different power supplies. Potential
differences between separate parts of the plant can be damaging to the system in the
following situations:
● Programmable controllers and peripheral devices are linked on grounded connections
● Cable shields are contacted at both ends and grounded to different parts of the plant.
How do you avoid potential differences?
Potential differences must be reduced by installing bonding conductors so that the functions
of the electronic components used are guaranteed.
When and why is equipotential bonding necessary?
Several good reasons for equipotential bonding are listed below:
● Devices with a grounded interface can be damaged by potential differences.
● The shield of the PROFIBUS cable must not be used for equipotential bonding. This is,
however, the case if parts of the system connected by the cable shield are connected to
different grounding points.
● Equipotential bonding is a requirement for lightning protection.
Rule for equipotential bonding
Remember the following points about equipotential bonding systems:
● The lower the impedance of the equipotential bonding cable, the greater the effectiveness
of the equipotential bonding.
● The impedance of the additional bonding conductor must not exceed 10% of the shield
impedance of the bus cable.
● Make largearea contact between the bonding conductor and the PE conductor.
● Protect the bonding conductor from corrosion.
● Install the bonding conductor so that the area enclosed by the bonding conductor and
signal cables is as small as possible.
● Use copper or galvanized steel for the bonding conductor.
● Include metal, conductive cable channels/racks in the equipotential bonding of the
building and between the individual parts of the system. The individual segments of the
channels/racks must be connected together with low inductance and low resistance and
connected to the building ground system as often as possible. Expansion joints and
angled connections should be bridged by additional flexible grounding bands.
● The connections between the individual segments of channels must be protected from
corrosion (longterm stability)
● If there are connections between sections of buildings (for example separated by
expansion joints) with their own reference point for the building ground network, a
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C.7 Routing electrical bus cables
bonding conductor (equivalent copper crosssectional area ≥10 mm2) must be installed
parallel to the cables. This bonding conductor is not necessary if metal, conducting cable
channels/racks are used.
Note
Bonding conductors are unnecessary if the sections of a system are connected
exclusively using fiberoptic cable (FO).
C.7
Routing electrical bus cables
Voltages and currents
Wiring and cables in a system conduct voltages and currents. Depending on the application,
the amplitudes can be of an order much higher than the signal voltage on the cable.
Switching supply voltages can, for example, produce sharply rising surge voltage peaks in
the kV range. If other cables are laid parallel to the bus cable, data exchange on the bus
cables can be disturbed by crosstalk. To achieve problemfree operation of the bus system,
certain rules must be adhered to when installing cables. One extremely effective method of
suppressing interference is to keep as large a distance as possible between the cable
causing the interference (the culprit) and the cable affected by the interference (the victim).
Fiber-optic cables
Fiberoptic cables are not affected by electrical interference and, while mechanical protection
is necessary, the EMC rules do not apply.
Telecom cables
Cables for Telecom have special rules generally specified for a particular country (in
Germany, Telecom cables must not be laid along with other cables).
C.7.1
Cable categories and clearances
Grouping in categories
It is useful to group wires and cables into various categories according to the signals they
carry, possible interference signals, and their sensitivity to interference. Minimum clearances
can be specified for these categories so that interferencefree operation can be expected
under normal operating conditions if the clearance is adhered to.
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Constraints
Grouping cables according to voltage classes assumes that the interference voltages relate
directly to the power supply voltage conducted (the lower the supply voltage, the lower the
interference voltage). Remember, however, that DC or 50 Hz power supply voltages do not
represent any danger to PROFIBUS cables. The critical interference voltages in the kHz to
MHz frequency range are created by the consumers connected to the cable. A 24 V DC
cable with which a relay is switched regularly has a far more critical interference range than
a 230 V cable supplying a lightbulb.
In the information shown below, it is assumed that all the components within an automation
system and all the plant components controlled by the system (for example machines, robots
etc.) at least meet the requirements of the European standards for electromagnetic
compatibility in an industrial environment. If devices are defective or incorrectly installed,
higher interference voltages must be expected!
The following is assumed:
● The cables for analog signals, data signals and process signals are always shielded.
● The distance from the cables to the chassis surface of the system (cabinet wall, grounded
cable channel, ...) is not more than 10 cm.
Note
In general, the greater the distance between cables and the shorter the distances over
which the cables run parallel to each other, the less the danger of interference.
Clearance table
The following table contains information on the general rules governing clearances to enable
you to choose the right cables. The rules should be understood as minimum requirements
for positioning bus cables within buildings (inside and outside cabinets).
How to read the table
To check how cables of different types must be laid, follow the steps outlined below:
1. Find the cable type of the first cable in column 1 (Cables for ...).
2. Find the cable type of the second cable in the relevant section in column 2 (and cables
for ...).
3. Read the guidelines for laying the cables in column 3 (lay ...).
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Table C- 1
Cabling within buildings
Cables for ...
and cables for ..
lay ...
Bus signals, shielded
(PROFIBUS, Industrial Ethernet)
Bus signals, shielded
In common bundles or cable channels
Bus signals, unshielded
Bus signals, unshielded (ASInterface)
(AS-Interface)
(PROFIBUS/Industrial Ethernet)
Data signals, shielded (programming devices,
operator panels, printers, counter inputs, etc.)
Analog signals, shielded
DC voltage ( ≤ 60 V), unshielded
Process signals (≤ 25 V), shielded
AC voltage (≤ 25 V), unshielded
Monitors (coaxial cable)
In separate bundles or cable channels
(no minimum clearance required)
DC voltage
(> 60 V and ≤ 400 V), unshielded
AC voltage
(> 25 V and ≤ 400 V), unshielded
DC and AC voltage (> 400 V), unshielded
Within closets:
In separate bundles or cable channels
(no minimum clearance required)
Outside cabinets:
On separate cable paths with at least
10 cm clearance
C.7.2
Cabling within cabinets
What must be taken into account?
When running cables within cabinets, remember the following rules:
● The minimum clearance between cables of different categories can be found in Section
"Cable categories and clearances (Page 268)". In general, the risk of interference due to
crosstalk is less the greater the clearance between the cables.
● Where cables of different categories cross, they must always cross at right angles
(wherever possible avoid sections where the cables run parallel).
● If there is not enough space to maintain a clearance ≥ 10 cm between the individual
categories, install the cables sorted according to category in separate metallic and
conductive channels. You can then arrange these channels next to each other. Screw the
metallic, conductive channels to the struts of the rack or cabinet walls approximately
every 50 cm making lowresistance and lowinductance contact.
● The shields of all cables entering the cabinet must be secured as close as possible to the
point of entry and should make largearea contact with cabinet ground.
● Make sure that you avoid parallel installation of cables entering from outside between the
point of entry to the cabinet and the shield clamp and purely internal cabinet cables, even
if the cables are of the same category.
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C.7.3
Cabling within buildings
What do I need to remember?
When laying cables outside cabinets but within buildings, note the following points:
● The clearances listed in Section "Cable categories and clearances (Page 268)" must be
maintained between the various cable categories and when laying cables on common
cable racks
● If the cables are laid in metal cable channels, the channels can be arranged directly
beside each other.
● If there is only one common metal channel available for all categories, either the
clearances shown in Section "Cable categories and clearances (Page 268)" must be
maintained or if this is not possible for lack of space, the individual categories should be
separated from each other by metallic partitions. The partitions must be connected to the
channel making lowresistance and lowinductance contact.
● Cable racks should cross each other at right angles.
● Include metal, conductive cable channels/racks in the equipotential bonding of the
building and between the individual parts of the system.
● Note the information on equipotential bonding in Section "Equipotential bonding
(Page 267)" in this manual.
C.7.4
Cabling outside buildings
Fiberoptic cables should be given preference
For communications between buildings and between buildings and external facilities, the use
of fiberoptic cables is generally recommended. Due to the optical transmission principle,
fiberoptic cables are not affected by electromagnetic interference. Measures for equipotential
bonding for overvoltage protection are unnecessary with fiberoptic cables.
EMC rules for electrical bus cables
When installing electrical bus cables outside buildings, the same EMC rules apply as for
cables inside buildings. In addition, the following applies:
● Install cables on metal cable racks
● Electrically connect the cable racks where they join
● Ground the cable racks
● There must be adequate potential equalization between buildings and external facilities
regardless of the bus cables. (see Section "Equipotential bonding (Page 267)")
● The cables should be installed as close as possible and parallel to the equipotential
bonding.
● Connect the shields of the cables to the grounding network as close as possible to the
point of entry into the building or facility.
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● Electrical bus cables installed outside buildings must be included in the lightening
protection and grounding concept of the entire system. Please note the information in
Appendix "Lightning and overvoltage protection of bus cables between buildings
(Page 253)" of this manual.
● All SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS cables can be used if they are installed in cable channels
protected against dampness. In this case, the clearances specified in Section "Cable
categories and clearances (Page 268)" of this manual must be adhered to.
Underground cabling
Note
Only the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS underground cable is suitable for direct installation
underground.
If the bus cables are installed directly in the earth, we recommend the following:
● Install the bus cable in a trench.
● Install the bus cable approximately 60 cm below the surface of the ground.
● Mechanical protection must be provided for the bus cables and a cable warning band
should also be included.
● The equipotential bonding between the buildings being connected must be installed
approximately 20 cm above the bus cables (for example a tin-plated strip conductor). The
strip conductor also provides protection against direct lightening strikes.
● When installing bus cables along with other cables, the clearances specified in Section
"Cable categories and clearances (Page 268)" must be adhered to (for example using
bricks to maintain clearance).
● The clearance to power cables should be ≥ 100 cm if other regulations do not demand a
greater clearance.
C.7.5
Special noise suppression measures
Connecting switched inductances to suppressors
Some inductive switching devices (for example relays) create interference voltages that are
a multiple of the connected operating voltage. The distributed ET 200 (Page 337) system
manuals contain suggestions about how to limit the interference voltages caused by
inductance by connecting them to suppressors.
Power supply for programming devices
It is advisable to include a power socket for programming devices in each cabinet. The
socket must be supplied by the same system to which the PE conductor for the cabinet is
connected.
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C.8 Laying bus cables
Cabinet lighting
Use bulbs for the cabinet lighting, for example LINESTRAR® lamps. Avoid the use of
fluorescent lamps since they cause interference. If you need to use fluorescent lamps, take
the measures shown in the figure below.
Shielded cable
Metalencased switch
Power supply filter or shielded power cable
Figure C-5
C.8
Measures for interference suppression of fluorescent lamps in a cabinet
Laying bus cables
General information
During installation, remember that bus cables can only be subjected to a certain amount of
mechanical strain. Cables can be damaged or even destroyed by too much tensile stress or
pressure, by torsion or by bending them too sharply. The following instructions will help you
to avoid damage when installing bus cables.
If cables are subjected to strain or stress as listed above, they should always be replaced.
Storage and transport
During storage, transportation and cabling, the open ends of the bus cable (without
connectors) must be kept closed with a shrinkon cover to prevent oxidation of the cores and
to keep dampness out of the cable.
Temperatures
During transportation, cabling and operation, the cable must not be exposed to temperatures
below the specified minimum temperature or above the specified maximum temperature
otherwise the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the cables can deteriorate. The
permitted temperature ranges of your bus cable can be found in the technical data sheets of
the bus cables (see Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks (Page 113)).
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Installing bus cables
C.8 Laying bus cables
Tensile strength
The tensile force exerted on the cables during or after installation must not exceed the limits
of tensile strength of the cables. The permitted tensile loading on your bus cable can be
found in the technical data sheets of the bus cables (see Cables for PROFIBUS RS485
networks (Page 113)).
Pull cables using cable grips and protect connectors
To pull cables, make sure that you use cable grips. Before fitting the cable grip, make sure
that the connectors of preassembled cables are protected from the pressure exerted by the
cable grip, for example using a piece of protective tube.
Fitting strain relief
Make sure that you provide strain relief approximately 1 m from the connection point on all
cables subject to tensile loading. Shield clamps are not adequate for strain relief.
Pressure
Too much pressure on the cables must also be avoided, for example crimping the cable
when securing it in position.
Torsion
Torsion can lead to the elements of a cable being displaced and degrading the electrical
characteristics of cables. Bus cables must therefore not be twisted.
Do not twist trailing cables and festoon cables
Make sure that you install the SIMATIC NET trailing cable and the SIMATIC NET festoon
cable without any twisting. The line printed on the outer jacket along the length of the cable
helps to make sure that the cable in not twisted. If such moving cables are twisted during
installation, the cables will probably be damaged soon after they are put into operation!
Flexible cable for torsional load
If the cable is liable to be subjected to torsional load (for example robot cables), use the
"SIMATIC NET torsion cable". This cable is described in Section Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks (Page 113).
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Installing bus cables
C.8 Laying bus cables
Bending radiuses
To avoid damage within the bus cables, they must at no time be bent more sharply than the
minimum bending radius.
Please note:
● When pulling in cables under tensile load, much larger bending radii must be adhered to
than when the cable is in its final installed position.
● Bending radii for non-circular cables apply only to bending the flat, broader surface.
Bends in the narrower surface require much greater radii.
The permitted bending radii of your bus cable can be found in the technical data sheets of
the bus cables in Chapter Cables for PROFIBUS RS485 networks (Page 113)
Avoid loops
When laying bus cables, unwind them at a tangent from the cable drum or use appropriate
rotary tables. This prevents loops forming and resulting in kinks and torsion.
Installing other cables
Remember that existing bus cables must not be subjected to excessive strain and stress
when installing other cables later. This can, for example, happen when cables have been
installed along with other cables on a common rack or in a common duct (providing this is
electrically permitted) and then new cables are pulled along the same path later (during
repairs or when extending a system). If bus cables are installed along with other cables in
the same cable channel, it is advisable to pull in the sensitive bus cables last.
Connecting the PROFIBUS cables
The attachment of bus connectors and network components (bus terminals, repeaters,
OLMs, ...) to the electrical PROFIBUS cables is described in the operating instructions or
descriptions of the relevant component.
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277
Installation instructions and notes on usage
D.1 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 900-0KL00-0AA0
termination kit
D.1
Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the
simplex 6GK1 900-0KL00-0AA0 termination kit
Handling instructions
NOTICE
Please keep to the following handling instructions to avoid damage:
• Make sure that the selected cable is suitable for your particular application.
You should, for example, check the following:
– Required temperature range
– Resistance of the jacket materials to chemicals, water, oils, rodents etc. to which
your cable will be exposed when in use
– Required mechanical properties (bending radii, tensile strain, transverse
compression)
– Requirements regarding the behavior of the cable in fire
– Suitability of the cable and connectors for the devices being connected
• If in doubt, use a special cable to meet your requirements. You SIMATIC NET contact in
your Siemens branch will be happy to advise you.
• Never exceed the maximum permitted forces (tensile strain, transverse compression
etc.) specified in the data sheet of the cable you are using. Excessive transverse
compression can, for example, arise when using screw-down clamps to secure the
cable.
• Only use PCF fiber-optic cables in conjunction with devices approved for these cables.
Remember the maximum permitted cable lengths.
• When cutting cable sections to length, make sure that no loops result and that the cable
is not twisted. Loops and torsion can cause kinks or tears under tensile loading and
cause damage to the cable.
• Follow the steps described in these installation instructions and use only the tools
specified here.
• Make sure that the outer jacket, the jackets of the cores, and the PCF optical fibers are
not damaged.
• When stripping the core jacket, use only the opening labeled 1.0 mm on the stripping
pliers.
• Dents or scratches can allow light to escape and increase the attenuation values and
cause link failure. Over time, these can also lead to breaks in fibers causing network
failure.
• Never insert dirty connectors or connectors with protruding fibers into the device
sockets. This can destroy the optical transmit and receive elements.
• When assembling adapters for connectors and when connecting the cable to them,
make sure that send and receive data are crossed in the cable.
• Close unused connectors with dust protection caps. Remove the dust protection caps
only immediately before connecting cables together or plugging cables into devices.
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D.1 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 900-0KL00-0AA0 termination kit
CAUTION
Note the following safety information
• Wear protective glasses during cleaving.
• Dispose of the fiber remnants in a suitable container.
Preparations
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Cable stripper
Kevlar scissors
Crimping tool
Cleave tool
Microscope
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Connector adapter
Anti-kink sleeve
Crimp ring
Ferrule
Dust protection
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Fiber
Kevlar fibers
Cores (black and orange)
Blind elements (gray)/support element (white)
Fleece wrapping
Outer jacket
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Installation instructions and notes on usage
D.1 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 900-0KL00-0AA0
termination kit
Fitting connectors
1. Remove the outer jacket using a stripping tool.
2. Set the cutting depth of the stripping tool so that the
inner cores cannot be damaged.
3. Pull off the outer jacket.
4. Cut off the Kevlar yarn and fleece
wrapping with the Kevlar scissors.
5. Cut off the blind elements (gray) and the support
element (white) with the side cutter.
6. Position the ø 1 mm opening of the stripping
pliers approximately 80 mm from the end of the core.
7. Cut into the core jacket and pull the jacket partly
off without skewing.
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8. Remove the loose core sleeve with your hand.
9. Cut back the Kevlar with the Kevlar scissors leaving
5 mm and fold it back uniformly over the core jacket.
10. Push the anti-kink sleeve over the fiber
and the core jacket.
If you want to use the connector adapter (see description
below), you do not need to use the anti-kink sleeve.
11. Push the crimp ring over the fiber and screw it
onto the jacket.
12. Insert the crimp ring in the front recess of the
crimping pliers and close the pliers.
13. Cut into the buffer with pliers opening ø 0.3 mm
and pull off the buffer without skewing.
Approximately 5 mm of the buffer remain.
14. Push the ferrule over the fiber and insert this into the
crimp ring.
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D.1 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 900-0KL00-0AA0
termination kit
15. Insert the crimp ring in the large crimp recess and
close the pliers tightly.
16. Turn the "Clamp" wheel to "Open" and the "Cleave"
wheel to the "0“ setting.
17. Insert the fiber in the cleave tool. The fiber
projects through the clamp wheel.
18. Turn the "Clamp" wheel gently towards the
"Lock" direction to clamp the fiber.
19. Turn the "Cleave" wheel slowly from setting
"0" to setting "2".
20. Turn the "Clamp" wheel in the direction of "Open"
and remove the fiber remnant.
21. Remove the cable connector from the cleave tool.
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D.1 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 900-0KL00-0AA0 termination kit
22. Check the assembled connector with the
microscope.
The connector surface is OK. Slight irregularities at the
edge are of no significance.
23. Clean a contaminated connector with lint-free cloths.
Greater irregularities in the broken edges and irregular
light distribution indicate a damaged connector surface.
24. Repeat the connector assembly.
Note
If you find that the edge breaks are on the increase, the cleave tool should be sent in for
inspection. When used correctly, up to 2000 assemblies are possible.
If you need to return the tool, talk to your Siemens contact.
If you use anti-kink protection...
1. Push the anti-kink sleeve onto the connector as far as
it will go.
2. Close the connector with the dust protection cap until
you require it.
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Installation instructions and notes on usage
D.1 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the simplex 6GK1 900-0KL00-0AA0
termination kit
If you use a connector adapter...
1. Insert the PCF fibers and the connector into the
channels of the connector adapter.
Note:
The direction of the arrows in the connector adapter and
on the orange core must match.
2. Close the connector adapter so that the two
halves lock.
3. Close the connector with the supplied dust protection
caps until you require it.
Further information
You will find further information on the cables, connectors and tools described here in the
IK PI catalog.
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D.2 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 900-0HL00-0AA0 termination kit
D.2
Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the
BFOC 6GK1 900-0HL00-0AA0 termination kit
Handling instructions
NOTICE
Please keep to the following handling instructions to avoid damage:
• Make sure that the selected cable is suitable for your particular application.
You should, for example, check the following:
– Required temperature range
– Resistance of the jacket materials to chemicals, water, oils, rodents etc. to which
your cable will be exposed when in use
– Required mechanical properties (bending radii, tensile strain, transverse
compression)
– Requirements regarding the behavior of the cable in fire
– Suitability of the cable and connectors for the devices being connected
• If in doubt, use a special cable to meet your requirements. You SIMATIC NET contact in
your Siemens branch will be happy to advise you.
• Never exceed the maximum permitted forces (tensile strain, transverse compression
etc.) specified in the data sheet of the cable you are using. Excessive transverse
compression can, for example, arise when using screw-down clamps to secure the
cable.
• Only use PCF fiber-optic cables in conjunction with devices approved for these cables.
Remember the maximum permitted cable lengths.
• When cutting cable sections to length, make sure that no loops result and that the cable
is not twisted. Loops and torsion can cause kinks or tears under tensile loading and
cause damage to the cable.
• Follow the steps described in these installation instructions and use only the tools
specified here.
• Make sure that the outer jacket, the jackets of the cores, and the PCF optical fibers are
not damaged.
• When stripping the core jacket, use only the opening labeled 1.0 mm on the stripping
pliers.
• Dents or scratches can allow light to escape and increase the attenuation values and
cause link failure. Over time, these can also lead to breaks in fibers causing network
failure.
• Never insert dirty connectors or connectors with protruding fibers into the device
sockets. This can destroy the optical transmit and receive elements.
• When assembling adapters for connectors and when connecting the cable to them,
make sure that send and receive data are crossed in the cable.
• Close unused connectors with dust protection caps. Remove the dust protection caps
only immediately before connecting cables together or plugging cables into devices.
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Installation instructions and notes on usage
D.2 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 900-0HL00-0AA0
termination kit
CAUTION
Note the following safety information
• Wear protective glasses during cleaving.
• Dispose of the fiber remnants in a suitable container.
Preparations
286
1.
2.
3.
4.
Cable stripper
Kevlar scissors
Cleave tool
Microscope
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Anti-kink sleeve
Union nut
Buffer and Kevlar clamp
Body of connector
Ferrule
Dust protection
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Fiber
Kevlar fibers
Cores (black and orange)
Blind elements (gray)/support element (white)
Fleece wrapping
Outer jacket
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D.2 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 900-0HL00-0AA0 termination kit
Fitting connectors
1. Remove the outer jacket using a stripping tool.
2. Set the cutting depth of the stripping tool so that the
inner cores cannot be damaged.
3. Pull off the outer jacket.
4. Cut off the Kevlar yarn and fleece wrapping with the
Kevlar scissors.
5. Cut off the blind elements (gray) and the support
element (white) with the side cutter.
6. Position the ø 1 mm opening of the stripping
pliers approximately 80 mm from the end of the core.
7. Cut into the core jacket and pull the jacket partly
off without skewing.
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D.2 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 900-0HL00-0AA0
termination kit
8. Remove the loose core sleeve with your hand.
9. Cut back the Kevlar with the Kevlar scissors
leaving 5 mm.
10. Push the anti-kink sleeve over the fiber
and the core jacket.
11. Push the buffer and Kevlar clamp over the fiber
as far as the core sleeve.
12. Fold back the Kevlar yarn.
13. Cut into the buffer with pliers opening ø 0.3 mm
and pull off the buffer without skewing.
Approximately 5 mm of the buffer remain.
14. Push the connector body with the ferrule onto
the fiber.
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D.2 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 900-0HL00-0AA0 termination kit
15. Screw the connector body and union nut together.
16. Turn the "Clamp" wheel to "Open" and the "Cleave"
wheel to the "0“ setting.
17. Feed the fiber into the cleave tool and lock the
connector. The fiber projects through the clamp wheel.
18. Turn the "Clamp" wheel gently towards the
"Lock" direction to clamp the fiber.
19. Turn the "Cleave" wheel slowly from setting
"0" to setting "2".
20. Turn the "Clamp" wheel in the direction of "Open"
and remove the fiber remnant.
21. Unlock the connector and remove it.
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D.2 Fitting connectors to SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic cables with the BFOC 6GK1 900-0HL00-0AA0
termination kit
22. Check the assembled connector with the
microscope.
23. Then place the dust protection cap on the ferrule.
The connector surface is OK. Slight irregularities at the
edge are of no significance.
24. Clean a contaminated connector with lint-free cloths.
Greater irregularities in the broken edges and irregular
light distribution indicate a damaged connector surface.
25. Repeat the connector assembly.
Note
If you find that the edge breaks are on the increase, the cleave tool should be sent in for
inspection. When used correctly, up to 2000 assemblies are possible.
If you need to return the tool, talk to your Siemens contact.
Further information
You will find further information on the cables, connectors and tools described here in the
IK PI catalog.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
D.3
Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiberoptics with simplex connectors
Handling instructions
NOTICE
Please keep to the following handling instructions to avoid damage:
• Make sure that the selected cable is suitable for your particular application.
You should, for example, check the following:
– Required temperature range
– Resistance of the jacket materials to chemicals, water, oils, rodents etc. to which
your cable will be exposed when in use
– Required mechanical properties (bending radii, tensile strain, transverse
compression)
– Requirements regarding the behavior of the cable in fire
– Suitability of the cable and connectors for the devices being connected
• If in doubt, use a special cable to meet your requirements. You SIMATIC NET contact in
your Siemens branch will be happy to advise you.
• Never exceed the maximum permitted forces (tensile strain, transverse compression
etc.) specified in the data sheet of the cable you are using. Excessive transverse
compression can, for example, arise when using screw-down clamps to secure the
cable.
• Only use PCF fiber-optic cables in conjunction with devices approved for these cables.
Remember the maximum permitted cable lengths.
• When cutting cable sections to length, make sure that no loops result and that the cable
is not twisted. Loops and torsion can cause kinks or tears under tensile loading and
cause damage to the cable.
• Follow the steps described in these installation instructions and use only the tools
specified here.
• Set the cutting depth of the cable knife (part of the stripping tool set, order no.
6GK1 905-6PA10) to a depth of 1.5 mm before used.
The cutting depth is adjusted with setting screw at the end of the handle:
– Turning the setting screw clockwise increases the cutting depth
– Turning the setting screw counterclockwise reduces the cutting depth
• Make sure that the outer jacket, the jackets of the cores, and the PCF optical fibers are
not damaged.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
NOTICE
Please keep to the following handling instructions to avoid damage:
• When stripping the core jacket, use only the opening labeled AWG 16 on the stripping
pliers.
• Dents or scratches can allow light to escape and increase the attenuation values and
cause link failure. Over time, these can also lead to breaks in fibers causing network
failure.
• Grind and polish by pressing the connector only lightly against the polishing foil to
prevent the connector fusing with the fiber.
• Make sure that you keep within the specified bending radii when grinding and polishing,
particularly when cables are supported to provide mechanical strain relief. In this case,
make sure that an adequate length of jacket is stripped.
• On the bottom of the grinding holder there are four depressions. Replace the grinding
holder as soon as any of the depressions is no longer visisble.
• Never insert dirty connectors or connectors with protruding fibers into the device
sockets. This can destroy the optical transmit and receive elements.
• When assembling adapters for connectors and when connecting the cable to them,
make sure that send and receive data are crossed in the cable.
• Connector adapters are designed for cores with their connectors to be inserted once. If
a core needs to be taken out again, the bent core region must not be used again. Cut off
the bent core region and refit the simplex connector.
Fitting connectors
Table D- 1
Set the cutting depth of the cable knife
1. Set the cutting depth of the cable knife for removing
the outer jacket of the SIMATIC NET PLASTIC
FIBER OPTIC standard cable to a depth of 1.5 mm.
Follow the steps described below.
2. The cutting depth is adjusted with setting screw at the
end of the handle:
• Turning the setting screw clockwise increases the
cutting depth
• Turning the setting screw counterclockwise reduces
the cutting depth
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
3. Make a trial cut
Press the grip of the cable knife in the direction of the
arrow.
Insert the cable.
4. Cut round twice.
5. Cut along the outer jacket to the end of the cable.
6. Remove the jacket
If you find it difficult to remove, the cutting depth is
too shallow. In this case, increase the cutting depth by
turning the setting screw at the bottom of the cable knife
clockwise.
Try out the cutting depth again with a trial cut.
7. If the foil and the inner core jacket is damaged, the
cutting
depth is too deep. In this case, decrease the cutting
depth by turning the setting screw at the bottom of
the cable knife counterclockwise.
Try out the cutting depth again with a trial cut.
8. The cut surface of the jacket with the cable knife set to
the correct depth.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
Table D- 2
Removing the outer jacket of the SIMATIC NET PLASTIC FIBER OPTIC standard cable
1. Press the grip of the cable knife in the direction of
the arrow.
Insert the cable 20 cm deep (if using a connector adapter
30 cm deep).
Note: The cable knife must be set to a cutting depth of
1.5 mm.
2. Cut round twice.
3. Cut along the outer jacket to the end of the cable.
4. Make a second cut along the opposite side of the jacket.
To do this, first turn the cable
through 180°.
5. Then make a second cut along the jacket to the end
of the cable starting at the round cut.
6. Strip the outer jacket, Kevlar yarn and foil back from the
black and orange FO cores starting at the end of the
cable and working towards the round cut.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
7. Cut off the remains of the jacket, Kevlar yarn and foil
with scissors.
8. Standard cable with outer jacket removed.
Table D- 3
Splitting the SIMATIC NET PLASTIC FIBER OPTIC duplex core
1. Insert a sharp knife in the depression between the two
cores 20 cm (if using a connector adapter 30 cm) from
the end and split the duplex core to the end of the cable.
Notice: The jacket of the individual cores must not be
damaged.
2. Notice:
Do not split the cores with your hand otherwise you can
soon bend the cores beyond their minimum bending
radius.
3. Separated duplex core
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
Table D- 4
Stripping the core jacket
1. To strip the plastic FO cores, use the SIMATIC NET
round cutting pliers (included in the stripping tool set).
2. Important note:
The opening labeled AWG 16 must be used (1.5 mm Ø).
Smaller openings will damage the fiber and must not be
used.
3. insert the core in the opening labeled AWG 16.
The core must extend approx. 5 mm beyond the blade.
4. Press the two handles of the pliers tightly together and
hold them together.
5. The core is automatically held tight by the grip of
the pliers...
6. ... and the core jacket is removed.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
7. Open the handles of the pliers slowly until the grip
releases the core. Take the core out of the pliers.
Only then should you open the handles fully again.
Notice: If the handles are opened fully before the core is
removed, the fiber may be damaged as the blade retracts.
8. Repeat the same steps with the second core.
Table D- 5
Installing simplex connectors
1. Insert the core into the simplex connector as far as the
limit stop ① fold down the top half of the grip ②.
Notice: The fiber must extend at least 1.5 mm beyond the
face of the connector.
2. Press the two halves of the grip together until you
hear them lock together.
3. Repeat the same steps with the second core.
Notice: Do not insert the connector into the device socket
yet, the excess fiber could damage the send and receive
elements.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
Table D- 6
Grinding and polishing the simplex connector
1. Shorten the fiber extending out of the connector face to
a length of 1.5 mm with scissors.
2. Insert the simplex connector into the grinding holder as
far as the limit stop.
3. Grind down the excess fiber by making figure of
eight movements on the abrasive paper (600 grit)
supported by a flat surface.
4. Grinding is complete when the fiber is flush with the
connector face.
Remove the debris from the bottom of the
grinding holder and from the connector face
with clean cloth.
5. The polish the connector face again with figure of eight
movements on the pink polishing foil (rough side).
About 25 figures of eight are normally required.
Polishing reduces loss by approximately 2 dB
(corresponding
to approximately 10 m of cable). it is
not necessary with shorter cable lengths.
6. Repeat the same steps with the second connector
and clean the connector face with a clean cloth.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
Table D- 7
Assemble the connector adapter
(only for integrated optical interfaces such as the IM 153-2 FO and IM 467 FO)
1. Insert the connector on the orange core marked with an
arrow in the holder whose triangle symbol is pointing in
the same direction.
Notice: The hinge of the simplex connector must be inside
the connector adapter.
2. insert the connector with the black core in the
free holder.
Notice: Once again, the hinge of the simplex connector
must be inside the connector adapter. The two hinges
must not jut out of the connector adapter.
3. Fold down the upper half of the connector adapter.
4. Press the two halves together until you hear them
lock together.
5. Fully assembled connector adapter.
6. Cable fitted with connector adapters at both ends
with crossed over core pairs.
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
Table D- 8
Connection aids of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optic standard cable for
assembly without a connector adapter
1. The standard cable has a connection aid in the form of
arrow markings on the orange core.
The connection aid makes it easier to assign the sender at
one end of the cable to the receiver at the other end (core
pairs crossed over).
2. First connect the orange core:
• If the arrow on the orange core is pointing out of the
cable (figure), connect this core to the receiver. The
receiver is indicated by an arrow pointing into a circle.
• If the arrow on the orange core is pointing into the cable,
connect this core to the sender. The sender is indicated
by an arrow pointing out of a circle.
3. The black core is connected to the free socket of the
same FO interface.
Table D- 9
Cables, tools and accessories
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic, standard
cable I-VY4Y2P 980/1000 160A
Rugged round cable with 2 plastic fiber-optic cores, lilac
PVC outer sheath and PA inner sheath, without
connectors, for indoor use.
6XV1 821-0AH10 sold in meters
50 m ring 6XV1 821-0AN50
100 m ring 6XV1 821-0AT10
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optic, duplex cable
I-VY2P 980/1000 150A
Plastic fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC jacket, without
connectors, for use in areas with low mechanical strain
(for example inside a cabinet or in test setups in a
laboratory)
50 m ring 6XV1 821-2AN50
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D.3 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optics with simplex connectors
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic,
stripping tool set
Cable knife for removing the outer jacket and stripper
(round cutting pliers) for removing the core jacket of
SIMATIC NET plastic fiber-optic cables
6GK1 905-6PA10
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optic,
plastic simplex connector/polishing set
100 plastic simplex connectors and 5 polishing sets for
assembling SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiberoptic
cables.
6GK1 901-0FB00-0AA0
Connector adapter
Pack of 50 for fitting plastic simplex connectors,for
example with the IM 467 FO and the IM 153-2 FO
6ES7 195-1BE00-0XA0
Other commercially available accessories:
• Sharp scissors for shortening the Kevlar and the fibers
• Sharp knife for dividing the duplex cores
• Clean, soft cloth for cleaning the grinding holder and face of the connector
Further information
You will find further information on the cables, connectors and tools described here in the
IK PI catalog.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
D.4
Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics
with BFOC connectors
Handling instructions
NOTICE
Please keep to the following handling instructions to avoid damage:
• Make sure that the selected cable is suitable for your particular application.
You should, for example, check the following:
– Required temperature range
– Resistance of the jacket materials to chemicals, water, oils, rodents etc. to which
your cable will be exposed when in use
– Required mechanical properties (bending radii, tensile strain, transverse
compression)
– Requirements regarding the behavior of the cable in fire
– Suitability of the cable and connectors for the devices being connected
• If in doubt, use a special cable to meet your requirements. You SIMATIC NET contact in
your Siemens branch will be happy to advise you.
• Never exceed the maximum permitted forces (tensile strain, transverse compression
etc.) specified in the data sheet of the cable you are using. Excessive transverse
compression can, for example, arise when using screw-down clamps to secure the
cable.
• Only use PCF fiber-optic cables in conjunction with devices approved for these cables.
Remember the maximum permitted cable lengths.
• When cutting cable sections to length, make sure that no loops result and that the cable
is not twisted. Loops and torsion can cause kinks or tears under tensile loading and
cause damage to the cable.
• Follow the steps described in these installation instructions and use only the tools
specified here.
• Set the cutting depth of the cable knife (part of the stripping tool set, order no.
6GK1 905-6PA10) to a depth of 1.5 mm before used.
The cutting depth is adjusted with setting screw at the end of the handle:
– Turning the setting screw clockwise increases the cutting depth
– Turning the setting screw counterclockwise reduces the cutting depth
• Make sure that the outer jacket, the jackets of the cores, and the PCF optical fibers are
not damaged.
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NOTICE
Please keep to the following handling instructions to avoid damage:
• When stripping the core jacket, use only the opening labeled AWG 16 on the stripping
pliers.
• Dents or scratches can allow light to escape and increase the attenuation values and
cause link failure. Over time, these can also lead to breaks in fibers causing network
failure.
• Grind and polish by pressing the connector only lightly against the abrasive paper foil to
prevent the metal particles fusing with the fiber.
• Never insert dirty connectors or connectors with protruding fibers into the device
sockets. This can destroy the optical transmit and receive elements.
• When connecting the cable, make sure that the send and received data are crossed
over in the cable.
Fitting connectors
Table D- 10
Set the cutting depth of the cable knife
1. Set the cutting depth of the cable knife for removing
the outer jacket of the SIMATIC NET PLASTIC
FIBER OPTIC standard cable to a depth of 1.5 mm.
Follow the steps described below.
2. The cutting depth is adjusted with setting screw at the
end of the handle:
• Turning the setting screw clockwise increases the cutting
depth
• Turning the setting screw counterclockwise reduces the
cutting depth
3. Make a trial cut
Press the grip of the cable knife in the direction of the
arrow.
Insert the cable.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
4. Cut round twice.
5. Cut along the outer jacket to the end of the cable.
6. Remove the jacket
If you find it difficult to remove, the cutting depth is
too shallow. In this case, increase the cutting depth by
turning the setting screw at the bottom of the cable knife
clockwise.
Try out the cutting depth again with a trial cut.
7. If the foil and the inner core jacket is damaged, the
cutting
depth is too deep. In this case, decrease the cutting depth
by turning the setting screw at the bottom of the cable
knife counterclockwise.
Try out the cutting depth again with a trial cut.
8. The cut surface of the jacket with the cable knife set to
the correct depth.
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Table D- 11
Removing the outer jacket of the SIMATIC NET PLASTIC FIBER OPTIC standard cable
1. Press the grip of the cable knife in the direction of the
arrow.
Insert the cable 20 cm deep (if using a connector adapter
30 cm deep).
Note: The cable knife must be set to a cutting depth of
1.5 mm.
2. Cut round twice.
3. Cut along the outer jacket to the end of the cable.
4. Make a second cut along the opposite side of the jacket.
To do this, first turn the cable
through 180°.
5. Then make a second cut along the jacket to the end of
the cable starting at the round cut.
6. Strip the outer jacket, Kevlar yarn and foil back from the
black and orange FO cores starting at the end of the cable
and working towards the round cut.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
7. Cut off the remains of the jacket, Kevlar yarn and foil
with scissors.
8. Standard cable with outer jacket removed.
Table D- 12
Splitting the SIMATIC NET PLASTIC FIBER OPTIC duplex core
1. Insert a sharp knife in the depression between the two
cores 20 cm (if using a connector adapter 30 cm) from the
end and split the duplex core to the end of the cable.
Notice: The jacket of the individual cores must not be
damaged.
2. Notice:
Do not split the cores with your hand otherwise you can
soon bend the cores beyond their minimum bending radius.
3. Separated duplex core
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
Table D- 13
Stripping the core jacket
1. To strip the plastic FO cores, use the
SIMATIC NET round cutting pliers (included in the
stripping tool set).
2. Important note:
The opening labeled AWG 16 must be used (1.5 mm Ø).
Smaller openings will damage the fiber and must not be
used.
3. insert the core in the opening labeled AWG 16.
The core must extend approx. 10 mm
beyond the blade.
4. Press the two handles of the pliers tightly together and
hold them together.
5. The core is automatically held tight by the grip of
the pliers.
6. ... and the core jacket is removed.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
7. Open the handles of the pliers slowly until the grip
releases the core. Take the core out of the pliers.
Only then should you open the handles fully again.
Notice: If the handles are opened fully before the core is
removed, the fiber may be damaged as the blade retracts.
8. Repeat the same steps with the second core.
Table D- 14
Crimping BFOC connectors
1. Push the black anti-kink sleeve ①, short crimping
sleeve ② and connector body ③ onto the stripped cores.
Notice: The fiber must extend at least 1 mm out of the face
of the connector.
2. Push the crimping sleeve onto the connector body
as far as the limit stop.
3. Press the handles of the crimping pliers firmly together
to open the tool.
4. Insert the crimp sleeve in the front opening
(hexagonal 3.25 mm).
Make sure that the crimping sleeve is located fully in the
pliers.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
5. Press the handles of the crimping pliers firmly together.
The connector body is joined to the core and the
crimping sleeve.
Note: The pliers can only be opened again when the
required pressure has been reached.
6. Open the crimping pliers and remove the core.
7. Push the anti-kink sleeve onto the connector body
as far as the limit stop.
8. Shorten the end of the fiber extending out of
the connector face to a length of 0.5 mm with scissors.
9. Repeat the same steps with the second core.
Notice: Do not insert the connector into the device socket
yet, the excess fiber extending out of the connector face
could damage the send and receive elements.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
Table D- 15
Grinding and polishing the BFOC connector
1. For initial grinding, insert the BFOC plug into the black
polishing disk.
2. Grind down the excess fiber by making figure of
eight movements on the abrasive paper (400 grit)
supported by a flat surface. Press the connector
gently against the abrasive paper.
3. Remove the plug from the polishing disk and remove
debris with a soft, lint-free cloth.
4. To polish the connector, insert it in the white
polishing disk.
5. Finally, polish the surface of the plug by describing
figures of eight on a flat and firm surface with the
light-gray polishing paper (1500 grit). Press
the connector gently against the polishing paper.
About 25 figures of eight are normally required.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
6. Remove the plug from the polishing disk and remove
debris with a soft, lint-free cloth.
7. Repeat the same steps with the second connector.
Table D- 16
Connection aid of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic, standard cable
1. The standard cable has a connection aid in the form of
arrow markings on the orange core.
The connection aid makes it easier to assign the sender
at one end of the cable to the receiver at the other
end (core pairs crossed over).
2. First connect the orange core:
• If the arrow on the orange core is pointing out of the
cable, connect this core to the receiver. The receiver
is indicated by an arrow pointing into a circle.
• If the arrow on the orange core is pointing into the
cable, connect this core to the sender. The sender is
indicated by an arrow pointing out of a circle.
3. The black core is connected to the free socket of the
same FO interface.
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
Table D- 17
Cables, tools and accessories
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic, standard
cable
I-VY4Y2P 980/1000 160A
Rugged round cable with 2 plastic fiber-optic cores,
lilac PVC outer sheath and PA inner sheath, without
connectors, for indoor use.
6XV1 821-0AH10 sold in meters
50 m ring 6XV1 821-0AN50
100 m ring 6XV1 821-0AT10
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optic, duplex cable
I-VY2P 980/1000 150A
Plastic fiber-optic cable with 2 cores, PVC jacket, without
connectors, for use in areas with low mechanical strain
(for example inside a cabinet or in test setups in a
laboratory)
50 m ring 6XV1 821-2AN50
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic,
stripping tool set
Cable knife for removing the outer jacket and stripper
(round cutting pliers) for removing the core jacket of
SIMATIC NET plastic fiber-optic cables
6GK1 905-6PA10
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic,
BFOC crimping pliers
For assembly of BFOC plug on PROFIBUS plastic
fiber-optic cables.
6GK1 905-6PB00
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic,
BFOC connector set
20 BFOC plugs for assembly of PROFIBUS plastic
fiber-optic cables for OLM/P.
6GK1 905-1PA00
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D.4 Assembly instructions for SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optics with BFOC connectors
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber-optic,
plastic simplex connector/polishing set
100 plastic simplex connectors and 5 polishing sets for
assembling SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiberoptic
cables.
6GK1 901-0FB00-0AA0
Other commercially available accessories:
• Sharp scissors for shortening the Kevlar and the fibers
• Sharp knife for dividing the duplex cores
• Clean, soft cloth for cleaning the grinding holder and face of the connector
Further information
You will find further information on the cables, connectors and tools described here in the
IK PI catalog.
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Installation instructions and notes on usage
D.5 Notes on using the pulling loop of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic standard cable
D.5
Notes on using the pulling loop of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF
fiber-optic standard cable
Handling instructions
NOTICE
Please keep to the following handling instructions to avoid damage:
• Make sure that the selected cable is suitable for your particular application.
You should, for example, check the following:
– Required temperature range
– Resistance of the jacket materials to chemicals, water, oils, rodents etc. to which
your cable will be exposed when in use.
– Required mechanical properties (bending radii, tensile strain, transverse
compression)
– Requirements regarding the behavior of the cable in fire
– Suitability of the cable and connectors for the devices being connected
• If in doubt, use a special cable to meet your requirements. You SIMATIC NET contact in
your Siemens branch will be happy to advise you.
• Never exceed the maximum permitted forces (tensile strain, transverse compression
etc.) specified in the data sheet of the cable you are using. Excessive transverse
compression can, for example, arise when using screw-down clamps to secure the
cable.
• Always use the pulling loop to pull in the PCF standard cable. Never pull the cable by
the connector or exposed cores.
• Only use PCF fiber-optic cables in conjunction with devices approved for these cables.
Remember the maximum permitted cable lengths.
• When cutting cable sections to length, make sure that no loops result and that the cable
is not twisted. Loops and torsion can cause kinks or tears under tensile loading and
cause damage to the cable.
• Follow the steps described in these installation instructions and use only the tools
specified here.
• Ensure that the outer jacket and the core jackets of the cable are not damaged.
• Never insert dirty connectors or connectors with protruding fibers into the device
sockets. This can destroy the optical transmit and receive elements.
• When connecting the cable, make sure that the send and received data are crossed
over in the cable.
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D.5 Notes on using the pulling loop of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic standard cable
Fitting connectors
Table D- 18
Using the pulling loop
1. The SIMATIC NET PCF fiber-optic standard cable has
a pulling loop at one end. It consists of a cable eye ①
and protective sleeve ②.
2. The eye takes the tensile strain and transfers it
to the Kevlar yarn (tensile strain elements) of the
PCF standard cable. The protective sleeve surrounds the
connectors of assembled cables and prevents kinking.
Notice: Only pull the cable using the cable eye. Never pull
on the protective sleeve or outer jacket of the cable.
3. After the cable has been laid, the pulling loop must
be removed. To do this, open the protective sleeve
approximately 10 cm deep from the back end with scissors.
Notice: Make sure that you do not damage the cores below
the protective sleeve.
4. Free the cores from the protective sleeve and
cut off the Kevlar yarn with scissors.
Notice: Never cut the black or orange cores.
5. Care pull the loop by off the end of the cable
using the cable eye.
6. Done.
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D.5 Notes on using the pulling loop of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic standard cable
Table D- 19
Connection aid of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS plastic fiber optic, standard cable
1. The standard cable has a connection aid in the form of
arrow markings on the orange core.
The connection aid makes it easier to assign the sender
at one end of the cable to the receiver at the other
end (core pairs crossed over).
Immediately before inserting the connector, remove the
dust cap from the socket.
2. First connect the orange core:
• If the arrow on the orange core is pointing out of the
cable, connect this core to the receiver. The receiver
is indicated by an arrow pointing into a circle.
• If the arrow on the orange core is pointing into the
cable, connect this core to the sender. The sender
is indicated by an arrow pointing out of a circle.
3. The black core is connected to the free socket of the
same FO interface.
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D.5 Notes on using the pulling loop of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic standard cable
Table D- 20
Ordering data
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic, standard cable
I-VY2K 200/230 10A17 + 8B20
PCF FO cable with 2 cores, PVC outer jacket, for covering
longer distances up to 400 m, preassembled with
2x2 BFOC connectors, stripped core length 20 cm, with
pulling loop at one end, for connecting to OLM/P.
Preferred lengths*
75 m 6XV1 821-1BN75
100 m 6XV1 821-1BT10
150 m 6XV1 821-1BT15
200 m 6XV1 821-1BT20
250 m 6XV1 821-1BT25
300 m 6XV1 821-1BT30
400 m 6XV1 821-1BT40
* other lengths on request
SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic, standard cable
I-VY2K 200/230 10A17 + 8B20
PCF FO cable with 2 cores, PVC outer jacket, for covering
longer distances up to 300 m, preassembled with
2x2 simplex connectors, stripped core length 30 cm, with
pulling loop at one end, for connecting to devices with
integrated optical interfaces and OBT.
Preferred lengths*
50 m 6XV1 821-1CN50
75 m 6XV1 821-1CN75
100 m 6XV1 821-1CT10
150 m 6XV1 821-1CT15
200 m 6XV1 821-1CT20
250 m 6XV1 821-1CT25
300 m 6XV1 821-1CT30
* other lengths on request
* Note:
You can order other lengths and additional components from the SIMATIC NET cabling
range from your local contact.
Technical advice on this subject is available from:
I IA SE IP S BD 1
Jürgen Hertlein
Tel.: +49 (911) 750-4465
Fax: +49 (911) 750-9991
juergen.hertlein@siemens.com (mailto:juergen.hertlein@siemens.com)
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D.5 Notes on using the pulling loop of the SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PCF fiber-optic standard cable
Further information
You will find further information on the cables, connectors and tools described here in the
IK PI catalog.
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E.1
E
IP degrees of protection
IP degrees of protection
Electrical equipment is normally surrounded by a protective casing. The purpose of this
casing includes
● Protection of persons from touching live components or moving parts (accidental contact
protection)
● Protection of equipment from intrusion of solid foreign bodies (solid body protection)
● Protection of equipment from ingress of water (water protection).
IEC 60529, EN 60529
The degree of protection specifies the degree to which the casing meets these three
protective functions.
The degrees of protection are specified uniformly in the "International Standard IEC 60529"
or in the identical European standard EN 60529.
The degree of protection of a casing is indicated by a code. The code consists of the letters
IP (International Protection) followed by a code number for contact, solid body and water
protection as shown below:
IP 5 4
Code letters
(International Protection)
1. Code number (from 0 to 6)
Shock hazard protection and protection
against the ingress of foreign bodies
2. Code number (from 0 to 8)
Water protection
In some situations, the degree of protection is specified in even greater detail by adding
letters to the code numbers.
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Installing network components in cabinets
E.2 Installed in cabinet:
Scope of protection
The various degrees of protection are shown and explained briefly in the following table. For
more detailed information on the individual ratings and the test conditions that must be
fulfilled, please refer to the standards listed above.
Table E- 1
E.2
Protection provided by the various IP levels (brief outline)
digit
Shock hazard protection and protection against Protection against water
the ingress of foreign bodies
1
No protection
No protection
2
against foreign bodies ≥ 50 mm diameter
dropping vertically
3
against foreign bodies ≥ 12 mm diameter
with drops falling at 15°
4
against foreign bodies ≥ 2.5 mm diameter
spay water, at an angles up to 60°
5
against foreign bodies ≥ 1 mm diameter
spray water from any direction
6
Dust deposits
spray water - water jet from nozzle
7
ingress of dust (dustproof)
strong jet water
8
-
intermittent immersion at specified
pressure for specified time
9
-
permanent immersion at specified
pressure for specified time
Installed in cabinet:
Ventilation openings
The casings of most SIMATIC NET network components have ventilation openings. To allow
more effective cooling of the electronics components, ambient air can flow through the
casing. The maximum operating temperatures quoted in the technical specifications apply
only when there is unrestricted flow of air through the ventilation openings.
Depending on the size of the ventilation openings, such modules comply with degree of
protection IP 20, IP 30 to IP 40. You will find the precise degree of protection of a SIMATIC
NET component in its operating instructions.
Components with the degrees of protection mentioned above do not provide protection
against dust and water! If the installation site requires such protection, the components must
be installed in an additional enclosure such as a switching cubicle that provides the higher
degree of protection (for example IP65/ IP67).
If you install these components in an additional enclosure, make sure that the conditions
required for operation are maintained!
Heat dissipation
Make sure that the temperature inside the additional enclosure does not exceed the
permitted ambient temperature for the installed components. Select an enclosure with
adequate dimensions or use heat exchangers.
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E.2 Installed in cabinet:
Outdoor installation
If you install the equipment outdoors, make sure that the additional enclosure is not
subjected to direct sunlight. This can lead to a considerable rise in temperature within the
enclosure.
Clearances
Make sure that there is adequate clearance around the component so that
● the convection cooling of the component is not restricted
● components do not cause neighboring components to heat up more than permitted
● there is enough space for installing cabling
● there is enough space to remove components for maintenance or repair.
Note
Regardless of the degree of protection of the casing, the electrical and optical ports are
always sensitive to
• mechanical damage
• damage caused by electrostatic contact discharge when touched
• contamination by dust and fluids
Close unused ports with the supplied dust protection caps. Remove these caps only
immediately before connecting up the cables to the ports.
Standards
EN 60529:1991 degrees of protection due to enclosure (IP code) (IEC 60529)
EN 60529:1989 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)
Further references
Klingberg, G.; Mähling, W.:
Schaltschrank- und Gehäuse-Klimatisierung in der Praxis mit EMV;
Heidelberg 1998
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F
Dimension drawings
F.1
Dimension drawings of the bus connectors
Figure F-1
4
End face of
D-sub connector
34
58
35
25
15
Bus connector to IP20 (6ES7 972-0Bx12-0XA0)
10
30°
Figure F-2
Bus connector to IP20 (6ES7 972-0BA30-0XA0)
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Dimension drawings
F.1 Dimension drawings of the bus connectors
Bus connector to IP20 (6ES7 972-0Bx41-0XA0)
End face of
15
56
39
SIEMENS
ON
OFF
D-sub connector
35
Figure F-3
10
Figure F-4
324
Bus connector to IP20 (6GK1 500-0EA02)
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Dimension drawings
F.1 Dimension drawings of the bus connectors
Figure F-5
FastConnect bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx52-0XA0)
Figure F-6
FastConnect bus connector (6ES7 972-0Bx60-0XA0)
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Dimension drawings
F.2 Dimension drawings of the RS485 repeater
Figure F-7
F.2
Fast Connect bus connector (6GK1 500-0FC10)
Dimension drawings of the RS485 repeater
73
125
128
45
Figure F-8
326
RS 485 Repeater on standard rail
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Dimension drawings
F.3 Dimension drawing of the PROFIBUS terminator
70
125
45
Figure F-9
F.3
RS485 repeater on S7300 rail
Dimension drawing of the PROFIBUS terminator
SIEMENS
PROFIBUS
TERMINATOR
70
DC
24 V
A1 B1
29,6
L+ M PE
6ES7 972−0DA00−0AA0
40,3
60
Figure F-10
44,5
PROFIBUS terminator
PROFIBUS Network Manual
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327
Dimension drawings
F.4 Dimension drawings of the RS485 bus terminal
F.4
Dimension drawings of the RS485 bus terminal
53
84
SINEC L2
138
Bus Terminal
RS 485
64
PG/OP
50
Figure F-11
328
RS485 bus terminal on 15 mm high standard rail
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Dimension drawings
F.5 Dimension drawings of the BT12M bus terminal
F.5
Dimension drawings of the BT12M bus terminal
53
84
SIMATIC NET
138
64
Bus Terminal 12M
50
Figure F-12
BT12M bus terminal on 15 mm high standard rail
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Dimension drawings
F.6 Dimension drawings of the optical bus terminal OBT
F.6
Dimension drawings of the optical bus terminal OBT
50
86
138
Optical
Bus Terminal
64
SIMATIC NET
Figure F-13
330
Optical bus terminal OBT on 15 mm high standard rail
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Dimension drawings
F.6 Dimension drawings of the optical bus terminal OBT
SIMATIC NET
PROFIBUS
Optical
Bus Terminal
CH1
6GK1500−3AA00
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
L + 24V
CH1
CH2
CH3
CH2
CH3
67,3
PE M L+
NEC CLASS2
24VDC, 200 mA
42,5
Figure F-14
Drilling template for the optical bus terminal OBT
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Dimension drawings
F.7 Dimension drawings of the optical link module OLM
F.7
Dimension drawings of the optical link module OLM
Figure F-15
332
Mounting the optical link module OLM
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Dimension drawings
F.7 Dimension drawings of the optical link module OLM
Figure F-16
Mounting plate of the optical link module OLM
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G
List of abbreviations
Al
Aluminum
AS-Interface
Actuator-sensor interface
AS-i
Short form of AS-Interface
AWG
American Wire Gauge
BER
Bit Error Rate
BFOC
Bayonet Fiber Optic Connector
CP
Communication Processor
CSMA/CD
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection
Cu
Copper
DIN
Deutsche Industrie Norm (German Industry Standard)
DP
Distributed I/O
EIA
Electronic Industries Association
EN
Europäische Norm (European standard)
EMC
Electromagnetic compatibility
FC
Fast Connect
FMS
Fieldbus Message Specification
FO
Fiber Optics
FRNC
Flame Retardant Non Corrosive
IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
ISO/OSI
International Standards Organization / Open System
Interconnection
ITP
Industrial Twisted Pair
IR
Infrared
LAN
Local Area Network
LEDs
Light Emitting Diode
FOC
Fiber-optic cables
MPI
Multipoint Interface
NRZ
Non Return to Zero
OBT
Optical bus terminal
OLM
Optical link module
OP
Operator Panel
PCF
Plastic Cladding Silica Fiber
PE
Polyethylene
PG
Programming device
PMMA
Polymethylmethacrylate
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335
List of abbreviations
336
PNO
PROFIBUS User Organization
POF
Polymer Optical Fiber
PROFIBUS DP
PROFIBUS Distributed I/O
PROFIBUS PA
PROFIBUS Process Automation
PTB
Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt (German Technical
Inspectorate)
PUR
Polyurethane
PVC
Polyvinylchloride
SELV
Safety Extra-Low Voltage (to EN 60950)
UL
Underwriters Laboratories
SUB
ultraviolet
VDE
Verein Deutscher Elektroingenieure (association of German
electronics engineers)
W
Weighting value
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Bibliography
H
IEC 61158-2 to 6
Digital data communications for measurement and control - fieldbus for use in industrial
control systems
IEC 61158-4-2
Industrial Communications Networks - Fieldbuses- Part 4-2: Protocol specification of the
data link layer - type 2 elements
DIN VDE 0100
● Part 410
Erection of power installations with rated voltages below 1000 V; Protective measures
and protection against electric shock
● Part 540
Erection of power installations with rated voltages below 1000 V; Selection and erection
of electrical equipment, earthing arrangements, protective conductors, equipotential
bonding conductors
DIN EN 60950
Safety of information technology equipment, including electrical office machines
EIA RS-485
Standard for electrical characteristics of generators and receivers for use in balanced digital
multipoint systems
VG 95375
● Part 3
Electromagnetic Compatibility, Fundamentals and Measures for the Development of
systems
● Part 2
Cabling, December 1994
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. Berlin (German standards organization)
SIMATIC S5 ET 200 distributed I/O system
SIEMENS AG
Order no. EWA 4NEB 780 6000-01c
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337
Bibliography
SIMATIC S7-300 automation system
Hardware, CPU Data Manual
SIEMENS AG
included in "Manual Package S7-300, M7-300,
Order no. 6ES7 398-8AA02-8BA0"
SIMATIC S7-400 automation system
Configuration and Use
Brochure
SIEMENS AG
Order no.6ES7498-8AA00-8BB0
SIMATIC S7-400, M7-400 automation system
Hardware and Installation
SIEMENS AG
included in "Manual Package S7-400, M7-400,
Order no. 6ES7 398-8AA02-8BA0"
SIMATIC DP/PA bus coupler
Manual
SIEMENS AG
Order no. 6ES7157-0AA00-0BA0
Further information
You will find further information on the topic of intrinsic safety and explosion protection in:
● Manual Automation Systems S7-300, M7-300, ET 200M Ex I/O Modules
(order number 6ES7 398-8RA00-8BA0)
● Untersuchungen zur Eigensicherheit bei Feldbus-Systemen; PTB-Bericht W-53,
Braunschweig, März 1993
● PROFIBUS PA Installation Guideline, Technical Guidance for Use of IEC 11582 with
PROFIBUS, No. 2.091
PROFIBUS User Organization e. V., HaidundNeuStraße 7, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
338
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Bibliography
Order numbers
The order numbers of the SIEMENS documentation listed above can be found in the
catalogs SIMATIC NET Industrial Communication, Catalog IK PI" and "SIMATIC Automation
Systems SIMATIC S7 / M7 / C7".
You can order these catalogs and obtain further information and details of available training
courses from your local SIEMENS office or national head office.
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Glossary
Active RS 485 terminator
Separate -> terminating resistor in bus segments at transmission rates of 9.6 kbps to 12
Mbps. The power supply is separate from the bus nodes.
Baud rate
-> Transmission speed
Bus
Data transfer bus to which all nodes are connected. It has two defined ends.
In the case of PROFIBUS, the bus is a twisted-pair cable or optical fiber cable.
Bus connector
Physical connection between the node and bus cable.
The following bus connectors are available in SIMATIC NET
● D-sub (9-pin) with and without a connector for the PG, with degree of protection IP20
● M12 with socket or pin contacts with degree of protection IP65/67.
Bus segment
-> Segment
Bus system
All nodes physically connected to a bus cable form a bus system.
Configuring
Configuring means entering a PROFIBUS configuration with all the specific parameters
using, for example, STEP 7 or COM PROFIBUS.
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) deals with all questions of electrical, magnetic and
electromagnetic emission and immunity and the functional disturbances in electrical devices
resulting from these effects.
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Glossary
Equipotential bonding for lightning protection
The lightning protection equipotential bonding includes the parts of the indoor lightning
protection system required to reduce the potential differences caused by lightning currents,
for example, the equipotential bonding bars, the equipotential bonding conductors, terminals,
connectors, isolating spark gaps, lightning arresters, surge voltage arresters
Fiber-optic cable
A fiber-optic cable is a transmission medium made of optically transparent material (glass
fiber, plastic fiber) for forwarding light signals in the optical network.
FISCO
A model (FISCO - Fieldbus Intrinsically Safe COncept) created by the PTB in cooperation
with well-known manufacturers describing one method of implementing an "i" fieldbus for use
in hazardous areas. This model is characterized by there being only one "active" device, the
bus power supply, connected to the fieldbus. The other devices are all "passive" in terms of
their ability to supply power to the cable. The characteristics of the cables do not influence
the intrinsic safety (within certain limits).
GAP factor
GAP update factor. The gap between the local PROFIBUS address of the master to the next
PROFIBUS address of a master is known as the GAP. The GAP update factor specifies how
many token rotations the master waits before checking whether there is another master in
the GAP.
If the GAP update factor is 3, this means that each master checks whether a new master is
located between its own PROFIBUS address and the PROFIBUS address of the next master
after approximately 3 token rotations.
GroundGround
Ground is the conductive ground area whose potential at any point can be taken as zero.
Chassis ground includes all the interconnected inactive parts of equipment that must not
carry a hazardous voltage even in the event of a fault.
GroundGround
Ground is the conductive ground area whose potential at any point can be taken as zero.
Chassis ground includes all the interconnected inactive parts of equipment that must not
carry a hazardous voltage even in the event of a fault.
Grounding
Grounding involves connecting an electrically conductive part with the ground electrode
through a grounding system.
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Glossary
GSD
Generic Station Description: A GSD contains an XML-based description of the properties of
IO devices such as communications parameters as well as number, type, configuration data,
parameter and diagnostics information of modules. The use of GSD files makes it easier to
configure the master and DP slave.
IP20
Degree of protection to IEC 60529: Protection to prevent finger contact and ingress of
particles larger than 12 mm Ø.
IP65
Degree of protection to IEC 60529: Complete protection against touch, protection against the
ingress of dust and protection against jet water from all directions.
IP66
Degree of protection to IEC 60529: Complete protection against touch, protection against
ingress of dust and protection against damaging penetration of heavy seas or strong jet
water.
IP67
Degree of protection to IEC 60529: Complete protection against touch, protection against
ingress of dust and protection against damaging penetration of water at a certain pressure
during immersion.
ITP
Industrial Twisted Pair; bus system suitable for industrial used based on the twisted pair
standards IEEE 802.3i: 10BASE-T and IEEE 802.3j: 100BASE-T.
Lightning arrester
These are capable of diverting multiple lightning currents or parts of them without any
damage occurring.
Loop resistance
Total resistance of the outward and return line of a cable.
Master
A master station that is in possession of the token can send data to other nodes and request
data from these (= active node.)
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Glossary
Master-slave process
Bus access method where only one node is → master, and all other nodes are → slaves.
Max. retry limit
Max. retry limit is a bus parameter and specifies maximum number of call repetitions to a DP
slave.
max_TSDR
max_TSDR is a bus parameter and specifies the maximum protocol processing time of the
responding node (station delay responder).
MBP
MBP (Manchester coded and Bus Powered) identifies a synchronous transmission technique
with simultaneous power supply to the nodes via the bus cable. MBP is defined as a
transmission technique for -> PROFIBUS PA in IEC 61784-1.
MBP-IS
MBP-IS (Intrinsically Safe) in addition to the technology of MBP-LP, this also meets the
requirements of intrinsic safety to IEC 60079-27. MBP-IS is defined in as a transmission
technique for -> PROFIBUS PA in IEC 61784-1.
MBP-LP
MBP-LP (Low Power) is an MBP version with limited power consumption by the bus nodes.
MBP-LP is defined as a transmission technique for -> PROFIBUS PA in IEC 61784 1.
min_TSDR
min_TSDR is a bus parameter and specifies the minimum protocol processing time of the
responding node (station delay responder).
Nodes
A device that can send and receive data on PROFIBUS as a master or slave.
Optical power budget (FO)
This is available between a sender and receiver on a fiberoptic link. It indicates the
difference between the optical power coupled into a particular fiber by the optical transmitter
and the input power required by an optical receiver for reliable signal detection.
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Glossary
Optical power loss (FO)
The optical power loss is the cumulative value of all the losses occurring in the fiber-optic
transmission path. These are due mainly to the attenuation of the fiber itself and the splices
and couplings. The optical power loss must be less than the optical power budget available
between the transmitter and receiver.
PELV
Protective Extra Low Voltage (PELV) Provides protection against electric shock (EN 50178).
PROFIBUS
PROcess Field BUS, bit-serial fieldbus system standardized in IEC 61158-2 as "Type 3".
The standard specifies functional, electrical and mechanical properties.
PROFIBUS is a bus system that connects PROFIBUS compatible automation systems and
field devices on a cell and field level. PROFIBUS exists with the DP protocol (= Distributed
Peripheral I/Os), FMS protocol (= Fieldbus Message Specification) or PA protocol (= Process
Automation).
PROFIBUS address
To identify it uniquely, every station must be assigned a PROFIBUS address.
PC / PG or the ET 200 Handheld have the PROFIBUS address "0".
Master and slaves use a PROFIBUS address between 1 and 125.
PROFIBUS DP
PROFIBUS bus system with the DP protocol. DP stands for the German equivalent of
distributed I/O. The main task of PROFIBUSDP is the fast, cyclic data exchange between the
central DP master and the peripheral devices.
PROFIBUS PA
PROFIBUS bus system with the transmission technology MBP, MBP-IS and MBP-LP to
IEC 61784-1. PA stands for "Process Automation". PROFIBUS PA is the PROFIBUS for
applications in process automation and in the intrinsically safe area.
PROFIBUS FMS
PROFIBUS bus system with the FMS protocol. FMS stands for Fieldbus Message
Specification.
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Glossary
Redundancy
This means that standby equipment exists that is not required for the basic functioning of a
system. If equipment fails, the standby can take over its function.
Example:
media redundancy
An additional link closes the bus to form a ring. If there is a failure on part of the bus, the
redundant link is activated to maintain the functionality of the network.
Reference potential
Reference potential for the evaluation / measuring of the voltages of participating circuits.
Response time
The response time is the average time interval between an input modification and the
relevant output modification.
RS 485
Asynchronous data transmission technology for PROFIBUS DP to ANSI TIA/EIA-RS485-A.
RS-485 repeater
Device for amplifying bus signals and for linking → segments over long distances.
RS-485-IS
Intrinsically safe version of RS-485.
Segment
The bus line between two terminating resistors forms a segment. A segment can contain a
maximum of 32 bus attachments (-> nodes, -> RS485 repeaters -> OLMs, ...). Segments can
be interconnected by -> RS485 repeaters.
Shield impedance
Resistance to alternating current of the cable shield. Shield impedance is a characteristic of
the cable used and is normally specified by the manufacturer.
Signal Propagation Delay
The time required by a data packet to on its way through the network.
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Glossary
SIMATIC NET PC modules
SIMATIC NET PC modules are modules for connecting the PC to bus systems, such as
PROFIBUS or Industrial Ethernet.
Slave
A slave can only exchange data after being requested to by a -> master. Slaves include, for
example, all DP slaves such as ET 200S, ET 200X, etc.
SOFTNET for PROFIBUS
SOFTNET for PROFIBUS is the protocol software for the SIMATIC NET PC modules CP
5511 and CP 5611.
Standard mounting rail
Metal rail standardized in compliance with EN 50 022.
The standard rail is used for the snapon installation of network components such as OLMs,
repeaters etc.
Suppressor
Component for reducing induced voltages. Induced voltages occur when circuits with
inductances are turned off.
Surge arrester
are used to limit overvoltages from remote strikes or from induction effects (for example
switching in power circuits). Surge arresters (in contrast to lightning arresters) divert currents
with a significantly lower peak value, discharges and specific energies.
Terminating resistor
Is a resistor that terminates a bus cable with its characteristic impedance; terminating
resistors are always required at both ends of a PROFIBUS segment.
In SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS DP, the terminating resistors are
● activated and deactivated in the D-sub bus connectors or bus terminals.
● Screwed onto the device as an M12 bus terminator
● Installed as an active RS-485 terminator
In SIMATIC NET PROFIBUS PA, the terminating resistors are
● Screwed onto the SpliTConnect Tap as SpliTConnect terminators.
Terminator
-> terminating resistor in bus segments at transmission rates of 9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps; the
power supply is separate from the bus nodes.
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Glossary
Token
is a frame that represents the right to transmit in a network. It signals the two states
"occupied" or "free". The token is passed from master to master.
Token Ring
All masters physically connected to a bus receive the token and pass it on to the next
master: The masters are in a token ring.
Token rotation time
is the time that elapses between receiving the -> token and receiving the next token.
Transmission speed
The transmission speed specifies the number of bits transmitted per second. On PROFIBUS,
transmission speeds of 9.6 kbps to 12 Mbps are possible.
TRDY
Indicates readiness to acknowledge or respond (ready time)
TSET
Setup time. The setup time is the time that can elapse between receiving a data frame and
reacting to it.
TSL
The wait to receive time (slot time) is the maximum time that can elapse while the sender
waits for a response from the addressed station.
TTR
Target rotation time Each master compares the target rotation time with the actual token
rotation time. The difference between the two decides how much time the DP master has
available to send its own data frames to the slaves.
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Index
7
F
7/8 energy connector, 235
FastConnect bus cables, 137
FastConnect bus connector, 137
FastConnect Stripping Tool, 137
FC bus cable with PE jacket
FC food cable, 122
FC flexible cable, 133
FC ground cable
FC ground cable, 124
FC hybrid standard cable, 134
FC standard cable, 119
Festoon cable
Festoon cable, 129
Fiber-optic cables, 28
Frame transmission time, 58
A
Access mechanism
Active and Passive Nodes, 16
TOKEN BUS/masterslave method, 16
AS-Interface, 14
Attenuation, 49
B
Bus cable, 25
Bus cable with halogen-free outer jacket
FC FRNC cable, 121
Bus cable with PUR jacket
FC robust cable, 123
Bus connector, 140
Bus terminal, 173
Bus topology, 28
G
Glass fiber-optic cables, 49
Glass FOC, 34
H
C
Hybrid robust cable, 135
Cable lengths, 52
Cabling technique, 33
Communications systems, 9
Configuration, 48, 59, 62
I
D
Disconnect function, 142
Distributed systems, 9
DP/DP coupler, 88
DP/PA bus coupler, 90
DP/PA coupler, 91
DP/PA link, 94
DP/RS232C Link, 96
D-sub bus connector, 153
E
Energy cable, 235
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Industrial Ethernet, 13
IWLAN, 13
L
Lead
FC process cable for PROFIBUS PA, 229
Linear bus topologies, 30
M
M12 bus connector, 164
N
Node attachment, 25
349
Index
O
OBT, 34
OLM, 29, 34, 62
Optical Bus Terminal (OBT), 29
Optical fiber, 49
Optical Link Module (OLM), 28
Optical power budget, 50
P
PCF fiber-optic, 53
PCF fiber-optic cables, 49
Plastic fiber-optic, 53
Plastic fiber-optic cables, 49
Power budget, 51
PROFIBUS, 14
PROFIBUS cables, 113
PROFIBUS networks, 41
PROFIBUS PA, 14
PROFIBUS PA cables, 227
PROFINET IO, 14
Flexible cable, 132
Total cable length, 38
Trailing cable
FC trailing cable, 125, 127
Transmission link, 49, 52
Transmission media, 14, 49
Fiber-optic cables, 14
Shielded, twisted-pair cables, 14
Transmission mode, 19
Transmission speed, 25, 26, 27, 29, 42, 43, 46
Transmitter, 49, 50
W
Weighting factors, 43
R
Receiver, 50
Repeater, 25
Retry value, 63
RS-485 bus cables, 113
RS-485 repeater, 47
S
Segment length, 43
Segment lengths, 42
SIENOPYR FR marine cable, 136
SIMATIC NET, 9, 10
SIMATIC STEP 7, 59
Slot time, 63, 65
Splices, 51
SpliTConnect system, 37
Spur line, 39
Spur lines, 42
Star topologies, 31
System reaction time, 58
T
Terminals, 25
Terminator, 25, 41
Torsion cable
350
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