Allied Telesis | Rapier 16F-FX | Specifications | Allied Telesis Rapier 16F-FX Specifications

Rapier Series Switch
Hardware Reference
Rapier 16fi
Rapier 24i
Rapier 24i-B
Rapier 48i
Rapier 48w
Rapier 48w-B
Rapier Series Switch
Hardware Reference
Rapier G6
Rapier G6F-LX/SC
Rapier G6F-SX/SC
Rapier G6F-SX/MT-RJ
Rapier 8/8MT
Rapier 8/8SC
Rapier 16F-FX/MT
Rapier 16F-FX/SC
Rapier 16Fi-FX/MT
Rapier 16Fi-FX/SC
Rapier 24
Rapier 24i
Rapier 24i-B
Rapier 48
Rapier 48i
Rapier 48w
Rapier 48w-B
Download the complete document set from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software
Rapier Series Switch Hardware Reference
Document Number C613-03020-00 REV N
© 2008 Allied Telesis, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may
be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesis, Inc.
Allied Telesis, Inc. reserves the right to change specifications and other
information in this document without prior written notice. The information
provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied
Telesis, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential
damages whatsoever, including but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or
related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied
Telesis, Inc. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility
of such damages.
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products mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
Hardware Reference
3
Contents
Models Covered by this Document .................................................................... 4
Hardware Overview .......................................................................................... 5
Rapier Switch Models ................................................................................. 8
Rapier G6 ................................................................................................... 8
Rapier G6F-LX/SC ....................................................................................... 8
Rapier G6F-SX/SC ....................................................................................... 8
Rapier G6F-SX/MT-RJ .................................................................................. 9
Rapier 8/8MT ............................................................................................. 9
Rapier 8/8SC .............................................................................................. 9
Rapier 16F-FX/MT-RJ ................................................................................. 10
Rapier 16Fi-FX/MT-RJ ................................................................................ 10
Rapier 16F-FX/SC ...................................................................................... 10
Rapier 16Fi-FX/SC ..................................................................................... 11
Rapier 24 ................................................................................................. 11
Rapier 24i and Rapier 24i-B ...................................................................... 12
Rapier 48 ................................................................................................. 12
Rapier 48i ................................................................................................. 12
Rapier 48w and Rapier 48w-B .................................................................. 13
LEDs and What They Mean ............................................................................. 14
Switch Interfaces ............................................................................................ 17
Console Port ............................................................................................ 17
RJ-45 Ports ............................................................................................... 18
SFP Ports .................................................................................................. 20
Expansion Options .......................................................................................... 21
Uplink Modules ........................................................................................ 21
Network Service Modules ......................................................................... 21
Port Interface Cards (PICs) ........................................................................ 23
PCI Accelerator Cards (PACs) .................................................................... 24
Switch Cables and Loopback Plugs ................................................................. 28
Terminal and Modem Cables .................................................................... 28
Loopback Plugs for Testing Switch Interfaces ............................................ 30
Port, Connector, and Cable Combinations ................................................ 31
Redundant Power Supply ................................................................................ 32
Fans and Filters on the Rapier 48w and 48w-B ................................................ 33
AT-TFTP Server ................................................................................................. 37
Using Windows Terminal and Windows Hyperterminal .................................... 39
Switch Startup ................................................................................................ 42
To Log In .................................................................................................. 42
To Access Help ......................................................................................... 43
Startup Procedure .................................................................................... 43
Test Facility ..................................................................................................... 47
Diagnostics ..................................................................................................... 49
Troubleshooting .............................................................................................. 51
Obtaining Documentation and Resources ........................................................ 53
C613-03020-00 REV N
4
Rapier Series Switch
Models Covered by this Document
This Hardware Reference contains information on the following devices:
■
Rapier G6 switch
■
Rapier G6F-LX/SC switch
■
Rapier G6F-SX/SC switch
■
Rapier G6F-SX/MT-RJ switch
■
Rapier 8/8MT switch
■
Rapier 8/8SC switch
■
Rapier 16F-FX/MT-RJ switch
■
Rapier 16Fi-FX/MT-RJ switch
■
Rapier 16F-FX/SC switch
■
Rapier 16Fi-FX/SC switch
■
Rapier 24 switch
■
Rapier 24i switch
■
Rapier 24i-B switch
■
Rapier 48 switch
■
Rapier 48i switch
■
Rapier 48w switch
■
Rapier 48w-B switch
■
AT-FAN04 fan-only module
You can download the complete document set for Rapier Series switches from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software. For more information about the
document set and other resources, see “Obtaining Documentation and
Resources” on page 53.
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
5
Hardware Overview
This section provides an overview of the hardware features of Rapier Series
switches. Rapier switches combine wire-speed Layer 2 and 3 switching with
full multiprotocol routing capabilities to deliver low-latency high-bandwidth
traffic capabilities to the desktop. Ethernet, fast Ethernet and gigabit Ethernet
connectivity with both copper and fibre optic interfaces make the Rapier Series
a versatile and powerful switching solution.
For information about uplink modules, see the Uplink Module Hardware
Reference. For information about Network Service Modules (NSMs), see the
Network Service Module Hardware Reference. For information about Port Interface
Cards (PICs), see the Port Interface Card Hardware Reference. You can download
these documents from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
Dimensions
All models except Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
Height: 66 mm, plus 5.5 mm if the rubber feet are used
■
Width: 440 mm, excluding rack-mounting brackets
■
Depth: 360 mm
■
Weight: Not more than 7 kg, depending on model and excluding NSMs,
PICs, and power cord
Rapier 48w and 48w-B
Mounting system
■
Height: 110 mm
■
Width: 440 mm, excluding rack-mounting brackets
■
Depth: 230 mm
■
Weight: Not more than 8 kg, excluding NSMs, PICs, and power cord
All models except Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
1.5U rack mounting
Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
Environmental
conditions
2.5U rack mounting
All models except Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
Operating temperature range: 0 to 40º C (32 to 104º F)
■
Storage temperature range: -25 to 70º C (-13 to 158º F)
■
Relative humidity range: 5 to 95% non-condensing
Rapier 48w and 48w-B
C613-03020-00 REV N
■
Operating temperature range: 0 to 50º C (32 to 122º F)
■
Storage temperature range: -25 to 70º C (-13 to 158º F)
■
Operating relative humidity range: 5 to 95% non-condensing
■
Operating altitude: maximum 3,050 metres (10,000 feet)
6
Rapier Series Switch
Regulatory
standards
All models except DC models of the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
EMC: FCC CFR47 Part 15 Class A, EN55022 Class A, VCCI Class A, AS/
NZS CISPR22 Class A, EN61000-3-2/3, EN55024
■
Safety: UL60950-1, CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1-03, 21 CFR 1040,
EN60950-1, AS/NZS 60950.1, EN 60825-1
DC models of the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
LEDs
NEBS
Power supply
■
EMC: FCC CFR47 Part 15 Class A
■
Safety: UL60950-1, CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1-03, 21 CFR 1040,
EN60950-1, AS/NZS 60950.1, EN60825-1
■
NEBS: GR-1089-Core Issue 4, GR-63-Core Issue 3
■
Ethernet port and System status LEDs
■
“Find Me” LED display feature (Rapier 48w and 48w-B only)
■
For a complete list of LEDs and their functions, see “LEDs and What They
Mean” on page 14
DC models of the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
Meets the electrical criteria for NEBS certification
■
Meets the physical and air filtering criteria for NEBS certification
AC models except the Rapier 48w-B
■
Universal 110–240VAC, 50–60Hz input
■
Redundant DC Power connection
AC models of the Rapier 48w-B
■
Universal 100-240 VAC, 50-60Hz, 2.0A input
DC models except the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
Input voltage 48VDC nominal, 39–60VDC is acceptable
■
4Amps
■
Positive or negative earthing (grounding)
DC models of the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
Switching core
■
Input voltage 48VDC nominal, 40–60VDC is acceptable
■
4Amps
■
Positive or negative earthing (grounding).
■
100W
■
Fuse rating of fuses F1 and F2 on the DC ORing/PEM board: 125VDC, 4A
(e.g. Littelfuse 0451.004)
Rapier 16Fi-FX/MT, 16Fi-FX/SC, 24i, 24i-B, 48i, 48w, 48w-B
■
Advanced ASIC switch chip
■
Non-blocking L2 and L3 IP switching
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
7
Rapier 8/8MT, 8/8SC, 16F-FX/MT, 16F-FX/SC, 24, 48
■
ASIC switch chip
■
Non-blocking L2 and L3 IP switching
Rapier G6, G6F/LX, G6F/SX, G6F/MT
Processing core
■
Gigabit ASIC switch chip
■
Non-blocking L2 and L3 IP switching
All models except Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
200MHz RISC processor (250MHz for Rapier 24i models with revision N
or later PCBs)
■
32MBytes Synchronous DRAM
■
6MBytes flash memory (16MBytes for Rapier i models)
■
128KBytes Non-volatile Storage (battery backed SRAM)
Rapier 48w and 48w-B
Asynchronous
serial port
■
350MHz processor
■
64MBytes Synchronous DRAM
■
32MBytes flash memory
■
512KBytes Non-volatile Storage (battery backed SRAM)
■
Up to 115 kbps
■
Standard DB9 female RS-232 connector
■
Hardware-flow control
■
Two ports on Rapier 48w and 48w-B, one port on all other models
PCI Accelerator Card
(PAC) slot
All models except Rapier 48, 48i, 48w, 48w-B, G6, and G6F
Uplink module bays
All models except Rapier 48w and 48w-B
Network Service
Module (NSM) bay
SFP ports
■
■
Two very high performance bays
■
Support for 1000BASE-T Ethernet uplink modules on all models
■
Support for 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ethernet uplink modules on
Rapier G6 and Rapier i switches
All models except Rapier 48, 48i, G6, G6F/SX, and G6F/LX
■
Support for one 32-bit PCI based WAN module
Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
C613-03020-00 REV N
Accepts an optional 32-bit PCI-based hardware encryption and/or
compression card
Two 1000BASE-X SFP ports
8
Rapier Series Switch
Rapier Switch Models
This section provides hardware descriptions for individual switch models.
Rapier G6
■
6 x 100BASE-TX/1000BASE-T ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
Two 10/100/1000BASE uplink bays
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 1: Front panel of the Rapier G6
1
2
3
4
5
6
Rapier G6F-LX/SC
■
6 x 1000BASE-LX ports (SC fibre connectors)
■
Two 10/100/1000BASE uplink bays
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 2: Front panel of the Rapier G6F/LX
Rapier G6F-SX/SC
■
6 x 1000BASE-SX ports (SC fibre connectors)
■
Two 10/100/1000BASE uplink bays
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 3: Front panel of the Rapier G6F/SX
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
9
Rapier G6F-SX/MT-RJ
■
6 x 1000BASE-SX ports (MT-RJ fibre connectors)
■
Two 10/100/1000BASE uplink bays
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 4: Front panel of the Rapier G6F/MT
Rapier G6f
Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switch
7
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
PORT ACTIVITY
1000BASE-SX / MT-RJ
ASYN0
1
2
L/A
3
L/A
4
L/A
5
L/A
6
L/A
8
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
STATUS
FAULT
L/A
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
DO NOT STARE
INTO BEAM
D/C
L/A
LINK
D/C
FULL DUP
ACTIVITY
RPS
HALF DUP
COL
PWR
RESET
D/C
Rapier 8/8MT
■
8 x 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
8 x 100BASE-FX ports (MT-RJ fibre connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 5: Font panel of the Rapier 8/8MT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Rapier 8/8SC
■
8 x 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
8 x 100BASE-FX ports (SC fibre connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 6: Front panel of the Rapier 8/8SC
1
2
3
L /A
4
L /A
5
L /A
6
L /A
7
L /A
Rapier 8/8
8
L /A
L /A
L /A
17
PORT ACTIVITY
L /A
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
9
10
L /A
11
L /A
12
L /A
C613-03020-00 REV N
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
HALF DUP
COL
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
ASYN0
14
L /A
15
L /A
16
L /A
L /A
18
TX
ACTIVITY
ACTIVITY
13
L /A
FULL DUP
10M LINK
10/100BASE-TX
100BASE-FX / SC
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
D/C
100M LINK
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
L /A
STATUS
FAULT
D/C
LINK
FULL DUP
ACTIVITY
HALF DUP
RPS
COL
PWR
RESET
10
Rapier Series Switch
Rapier 16F-FX/MT-RJ
■
16 x 100BASE-FX ports (MT-RJ fibre connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 7: Front panel of the Rapier16F-FX/MT
1
2
L /A
3
L /A
4
L /A
5
L /A
6
L /A
7
L /A
8
L /A
Rapier 16f
L /A
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
17
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
PORT ACTIVITY
100BASE-FX / MT-RJ
9
10
L /A
11
L /A
12
L /A
L /A
13
L /A
14
L /A
15
L /A
16
L /A
D/C
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
ASYN0
LINK
FULL DUP
ACTIVITY
HALF DUP
STATUS
FAULT
L /A
18
RPS
COL
PWR
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
RESET
D/C
D/C
Rapier 16Fi-FX/MT-RJ
■
16 x 100BASE-FX ports (MT-RJ fibre connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Layer 3 managed switch
■
Enhanced switching core
Figure 8: Front panel of the Rapier16Fi-FX/MT
1
2
L /A
3
L /A
4
L /A
5
L /A
6
L /A
7
L /A
8
L /A
Rapier 16fi
L /A
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
17
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
PORT ACTIVITY
100BASE-FX / MT-RJ
9
10
L /A
11
L /A
12
L /A
L /A
13
L /A
14
L /A
15
L /A
16
L /A
D/C
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
ASYN0
LINK
FULL DUP
ACTIVITY
HALF DUP
STATUS
FAULT
L /A
18
RPS
COL
PWR
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
D/C
RESET
D/C
D/C
Rapier 16F-FX/SC
■
16 x 100BASE-FX ports (SC fibre connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 9: Front panel of the Rapier16F-FX/SC
1
2
L /A
3
L /A
4
L /A
5
L /A
6
L /A
7
L /A
8
L /A
Rapier 16f
L /A
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
17
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
PORT ACTIVITY
100BASE-FX / SC
9
10
L /A
11
L /A
12
L /A
L /A
13
L /A
14
L /A
15
L /A
16
L /A
D/C
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
ASYN0
LINK
FULL DUP
ACTIVITY
HALF DUP
STATUS
FAULT
L /A
18
COL
RPS
PWR
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
RESET
D/C
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
11
Rapier 16Fi-FX/SC
■
16 x 100BASE-FX ports (SC fibre connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Layer 3 managed switch
■
Enhanced switching core
Figure 10: Front panel of the Rapier 16Fi-FX/SC
1
2
L /A
3
L /A
4
L /A
5
L /A
6
L /A
7
L /A
8
L /A
Rapier 16fi
L /A
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
17
TX
D/C
RX
TX
RX
D/C
TX
D/C
RX
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
D/C
RX
PORT ACTIVITY
100BASE-FX / SC
9
10
L /A
11
L /A
12
L /A
L /A
13
L /A
14
L /A
15
L /A
16
L /A
D/C
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
STATUS
ASYN0
LINK
FULL DUP
ACTIVITY
HALF DUP
FAULT
L /A
18
RPS
COL
PWR
TX
D/C
RX
TX
RX
D/C
TX
D/C
RX
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RX
D/C
TX
RESET
D/C
RX
Rapier 24
■
24 x 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Auto-negotiating Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 11: Front panel of the Rapier 24
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
25
10BASE-T / 100BASE-TX
1X
3X
5X
7X
9X
11X
13X
PORT ACTIVITY
15X
17X
19X
21X
23X
L/A
100M LINK /
D/C
FULL DUP
1
3
5
ACTIVITY
7
9
11
13
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
10M LINK /
ACTIVITY
HALF DUP/
COL
15
17
19
21
23
STATUS
ASYN0
FAULT
L/A
D/C
26
RPS
L/A
PWR
D/C
2
2X
4X
6X
8X
10X
12X
14X
16X
18X
20X
22X
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
24X
Figure 12: Rear panel of the Rapier 24 (AC model)
NSM 0
Swap
In Use
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hot Swap
20
22
24
RESET
12
Rapier Series Switch
Rapier 24i and Rapier 24i-B
The Rapier 24i and 24i-B have the same features, but take different NSM model
versions. See the section “Network Service Modules” on page 21 for the list of
compatible NSMs.
■
24 x 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
Two 10/100/1000BASE uplink bays
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
One PCI Accelerator Card (PAC) slot
■
Auto-negotiating Layer 3 managed switch
■
Enhanced switching core
Figure 13: Front panel of the Rapier 24i and 24i-B
Rapier 24i
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
25
10BASE-T / 100BASE-TX
1X
3X
5X
7X
9X
11X
13X
PORT ACTIVITY
15X
17X
19X
21X
23X
L /A
100M LINK /
D/C
FULL DUP
1
3
5
ACTIVITY
7
9
11
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
10M LINK /
ACTIVITY
HALF DUP/
COL
13
15
17
19
21
STATUS
ASYN0
23
FAULT
L /A
D/C
26
RPS
L /A
PWR
D/C
2
2X
4X
6X
8X
10X
12X
14X
16X
18X
20X
22X
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
39
41
43
45
47
RESET
24X
Rapier 48
■
48 x 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE uplink bays
■
Auto-negotiating Layer 3 managed switch
Figure 14: Front panel of the Rapier 48
25
25X
35X
37X
47X
27
29
31
33
35
37
L /A
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
D/C
49
PORT ACTIVITY
L /A
26X
36X
38X
48X
D/C
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
L /A
100M LINK /
D/C
FULL DUP
48
10BASE-T / 100BASE-TX
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
L /A
1X
11X
13X
23X
2X
12X
14X
24X
ACT
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
23
ACT
HALF DUP
COL
STATUS
FAULT
D/C
RPS
L /A
50
10M LINK /
PWR
D/C
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
39
41
43
45
47
RESET
ASYN0
Rapier 48i
■
48 x 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
Two 10/100/1000BASE uplink bays
■
Auto-negotiating Layer 3 managed switch
■
Enhanced switching core
Figure 15: Front panel of the Rapier 48i
25
25X
35X
37X
47X
27
29
31
33
35
37
Rapier 48i
Layer 3 Fast Ethernet Switch
L /A
D/C
49
PORT ACTIVITY
L /A
26X
36X
38X
48X
D/C
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
10BASE-T / 100BASE-TX
L /A
1X
11X
13X
23X
2X
12X
14X
24X
L /A
100M LINK /
D/C
FULL DUP
10M LINK /
ACT
HALF DUP
COL
STATUS
FAULT
D/C
RPS
L /A
50
ACT
RS-232
TERMINAL PORT
PWR
D/C
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
RESET
ASYN0
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
13
Rapier 48w and Rapier 48w-B
The Rapier 48w and 48w-B have the same features, but take different NSM
model versions. See the section “Network Service Modules” on page 21 for the
list of compatible NSMs.
The Rapier 48w is a DC model only, while the 48w-B is available in both AC
and DC models. You can install the Rapier 48w and 48w-B DC models as
Network Equipment Building System (NEBS) compliant. The AC model has
not been tested for NEBS compliance.
■
48 x 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports (RJ-45 connectors)
■
Two 1000BASE SFP ports
■
Two asynchronous serial console ports with DB9 connectors
■
One Network Service Module bay
■
Auto-negotiating Layer 3 managed switch
■
Enhanced switching core
■
Replaceable air filters and fan-only modules (FOMs) for NEBS applications
Figure 16: Front panel of the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
Rapier 48w L3 Fast Ethernet Switch
FAN 1
FAN 2
NSM
PORTS 49-50
L/A
1000M LINK
ACT
SFP
INSTALLED
FAULT
PORTS 1-48
LINK 100M
L/A
LINK 10M
ACT
ACT
D/C
FULL DUP
HALF DUP
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
DO NOT STARE
INTO BEAM
COL
STATUS
ASYN0
FAULT
POWER
SWAP
RESET
IN
USE
ASYN1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Figure 17: Rear panel of DC models
WARNING
This unit might have more
than one power input. To
reduce the risk of electric
shock, disconnect all power
inputs before servicing unit.
FOR CENTRALIZED DC
POWER CONNECTION,
40-60VDC
4.5A MAX
DUAL INPUTS
INSTALL ONLY IN A
RESTRICTED AREA.
Figure 18: Rear panel of AC models
WARNING
This unit might have more
than one power input. To
reduce the risk of electric
shock, disconnect all power
inputs before servicing unit.
FOR CENTRALIZED DC
POWER CONNECTION,
40-60VDC
4.5A MAX
DUAL INPUTS
C613-03020-00 REV N
INSTALL ONLY IN A
RESTRICTED AREA.
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
HOT
SWAP
NSM
14
Rapier Series Switch
LEDs and What They Mean
The following LEDs report operations and faults on Rapier switches:
■
System LEDs on the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
System LEDs on all models except Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
Switch port LEDs on the Rapier G6
■
Switch port LEDs on the Rapier G6F-LX/SC, G6F-SX/SC, and G6F-SX/
MT-RJ
■
Switch port LEDs on the Rapier 8/8SC, 8/8MT, 24, 24i 24i-B, 48, 48i, 48w,
and 48w-B
■
Switch port LEDs on the Rapier 16F-FX/SC, 16Fi-FX/SC, 16F-FX/MT-RJ,
and 16Fi-FX/MT-RJ
■
SFP Port LEDs on the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
Uplink modules, NSMs, and PICs are expansion options and must be
purchased separately. For information about LEDs on uplink modules, NSMs,
and PICs, see:
■
Uplink Module Installation and Safety Guide
■
Uplink Module Hardware Reference
■
Network Service Module Installation and Safety Guide
■
Network Service Module Hardware Reference
■
Port Interface Card Hardware Reference
You can download these documents from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
Table 1: System LEDs on the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
LED
State
Function
Power
Green
The switch is receiving power and the voltage is
within the acceptable range.
Fault
Red
The switch or management software is
malfunctioning.
1 flash
A switch fan has failed.
Green
An NSM is installed, is receiving power, and is
operational. The NSM and its PICs are not ready to
be hot swapped.
Off
No NSM is installed, or the switch has not recognised
the NSM.
Green
The NSM and its PICs are ready to be hot swapped.
Off
The Hot Swap button must be pressed before the
NSM or PICs can be hot swapped, or the software
version does not support hot swapping1.
In use
(front panel)
Swap
(front panel)
1. Hot swapping is supported by Software Version 2.3.1 or later. AT-AR021(S) BRI S/T, AT-AR021(U)
BRI U, and AT-AR023 SYN PICs can be hot swapped.
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
15
Table 2: System LEDs on all models except Rapier 48w and 48w-B
LED
State
Function
Power
Green
The switch is receiving power and the voltage
is within the acceptable range.
Fault
Red
The switch or manag.ement software is
malfunctioning
1 flash
A switch fan has failed. The LED will not
indicate an RPS fan failure).
3 flashes
If an RPS is connected, the switch’s PSU has
failed.
4 flashes
If RPS monitoring is enabled, the RPS PSU has
failed.
5 flashes
If RPS monitoring is enabled, an RPS is not
connected or is not operational.
RPS1
(Redundant Power
Supply)
Green
An RPS is connected to the switch.
In use2
(Rear panel)
Green
An NSM is installed, is receiving power, and is
operational. The NSM and its PICs are not
ready to be hot swapped.
Off
No NSM is installed, or the switch has not
recognised the NSM.
Green
The NSM and its PICs are ready to be hot
swapped.
Off
The Hot Swap button must be pressed before
the NSM or PICs can be hot swapped, or the
software version does not support hot
swapping3.
Swap2
(Rear panel)
1. DC models do not have an RPS connector and the RPS LED will not function.
2. Not included on the Rapier 48, G6, G6F-SX/SC, G6F-X/SC, or G6F-SX/MT-RJ.
3. Hot swapping is supported by Software Version 2.3.1 or later. AT-AR021(S) BRI S/T, AT-AR021(U)
BRI U, and AT-AR023 SYN PICs can be hot swapped.
Table 3: Switch port LEDs on the Rapier G6
LED
State
Function
L/A
Green
A 1000 Mbps link is open
Amber
A 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps link is open
Flashing Green
1000 Mbps activity is occurring
Flashing Amber
10 Mbps or 100 Mbps activity is occurring
Green
The port is operating at full-duplex
Amber
The port is operating at half-duplex
Flashing Amber
Collisions are occurring on the line
(Link/Activity)
D/C
(Duplex/Collision)
C613-03020-00 REV N
16
Rapier Series Switch
Table 4: Switch port LEDs on the Rapier G6F-LX/SC, G6F-SX/SC, and G6F-SX/MT-RJ
LED
State
Function
L/A
Green
A 1000 Mbps link is open
Flashing Green
1000 Mbps activity is occurring
Green
The port is operating at full-duplex
Amber
The port is operating at half-duplex
Flashing Amber
Collisions are occurring on the line
(Link/Activity)
D/C
(Duplex/Collision)
Table 5: Switch port LEDs on the Rapier 8/8SC, 8/8MT, 24, 24i 24i-B, 48, 48i, 48w,
and 48w-B
LED
State
Function
L/A
Green
A 100 Mbps link is open
Flashing Green
100 Mbps activity is occurring
Amber
A 10 Mbps link is open
Flashing Amber
10 Mbps activity is occurring
Green
The port is operating at full-duplex
Amber
The port is operating at half-duplex
Flashing Amber
Collisions are occurring on the line
(Link/Activity)
D/C
(Duplex/Collision)
Table 6: Switch port LEDs on the Rapier 16F-FX/SC, 16Fi-FX/SC, 16F-FX/MT-RJ, and 16Fi-FX/
MT-RJ
LED
State
Function
L/A
Green
A 100 Mbps link is open
Flashing Green
100 Mbps activity is occurring
Green
The port is operating at full-duplex
Amber
The port is operating at half-duplex
Flashing Amber
Collisions are occurring on the line
(Link/Activity)
D/C
(Duplex/Collision)
Table 7: SFP Port LEDs on the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
LED
State
Function
SFP
Green
A 1000Mbps link is open
Flashing Green
1000Mbps link activity is occurring
Amber
An SFP is installed but the switch has not
recognised the SFP
Flashing Amber
An SFP is installed but a Tx fault has occurred
Off
No SFP installed
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
17
Switch Interfaces
This section provides pin assignments for the asynchronous console ports,
RJ-45 switch ports, and the Redundant Power Supply (RPS) connector.
If you have installed a Port Interface Card (PIC), pin assignments for these can
be found in the Port Interface Card Hardware Reference, which can be
downloaded from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
NEBS Compatibility
The DC models of the Rapier 48w and 48w-B have been tested to NEBS
requirements.
The Ethernet and management/asyn intra-building ports of the Rapier 48w
and 48w-B are suitable for connection to intra-building or unexposed wiring or
cabling only. These ports must not be metallically connected to interfaces that
connect to the OSP or its wiring. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE,
Issue 4) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. The addition of
Primary Protectors is not sufficient protection in order to connect these
interfaces metallically to OSP wiring.
The management/asyn intra-building ports can only be directly connected to
equipment within the same frame, cabinet or line-up and where the equipment
is separated by a distance of 6m or less. The exception to this is when intrabuilding wiring (cabling) is used for maintenance purposes only and is not
connected during normal operation.
Console Port
All Rapier switches except the Rapier 48w and 48w-B have a single
asynchronous serial RS-232 console port, labelled “RS-232 Terminal Port /
asyn0”. The Rapier 48w and 48w-B switches have two asynchronous serial
RS-232 console ports, labelled “asyn0” and “asyn1”.
The RS-232 console ports are used to connect the switch to a management
device. For management purposes the switch’s software can be accessed from a
terminal, a PC running terminal emulation software, or from a remote location
via a modem connection. You can also use the RS-232 console ports to establish
a network connection from a remote site using SLIP and a modem.
The console ports have a DCE female connector (Figure 19). This allows the use
of a straight-through cable when connecting the switch to a terminal or PC.
Output from the show asyn command will, however, still have a DTE
perspective. The internal DTE pin roles are listed in Table 8.
C613-03020-00 REV N
18
Rapier Series Switch
Figure 19: RS-232 Terminal Port Pin Numbers
Pin 5
Pin 9
Pin 1
Pin 6
DB9 Female Pin View
Table 8: Internal DTE pin roles
Pin
Role
2
TXD
3
RXD
4
CD
5
GND
6
DTR
7
CTS
8
RTS
See “Terminal and Modem Cables” on page 28 for more information on
connection options for the RS-232 console ports.
RJ-45 Ports
For 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX connections, a twisted pair cable must be used.
Each pair is identified by two different colours. For example, one wire might be
red, and the other red with a white stripe. An RJ-45 connector must be fitted to
both ends of the cable. Figure 20 illustrates the pin layout for RJ-45 connectors.
Caution Do not plug a phone jack into an RJ-45 switch port because you could
damage the switch. Use only twisted pair cables with RJ-45 connectors.
Figure 20: RJ-45 Pin layout
8
1
8
1
RJPIN
With 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX cables, pins 1 and 2 are used for transmitting
data, while pins 3 and 6 are used for receiving data. Table 9 on page 19 lists the
RJ-45 Pin assignments.
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
19
Table 9: RJ-45 Pin assignments
Pin Number
Assignment1
1
TX+
2
TX-
3
RX+
6
RX-
1. The “+” and “-” signs represent the polarity of the wires that make up each wire pair.
If a twisted pair cable is to join two ports and only one of the ports has an
internal crossover, the two pairs must be straight through, as listed in Table 10.
Table 10: RJ-45 Pin assignments, straight through cable
End 1
End 2
1 (TX+)
1 (TX+)
2 (TX-)
2 (TX-)
3 (RX+)
3 (RX+)
6 (RX-)
6 (RX-)
If a twisted pair cable is used to join two ports and either both ports are
labelled with an “X” or neither port is labelled with an “X”, a crossover must be
included in the wiring. Table 11 lists the RJ-45 crossover wiring pin
assignments.
Table 11: RJ-45 Pin assignments, crossover cable
End 1
End 2
1 (TX+)
3 (TX+)
2 (TX-)
6 (TX-)
3 (RX+)
1 (RX+)
6 (RX-)
2 (RX-)
For 1000BASE-T RJ-45 cables, all four pairs are used and the cable is wired in a
straight-through configuration. Table 12 lists the pin assignments.
Table 12: Pin assignments, 1000BASE-T RJ-45 cable
C613-03020-00 REV N
End 1
End 2
1 Pair 1+
1 Pair 1+
2 Pair 1-
2 Pair 1-
3 Pair 2+
3 Pair 2+
6 Pair 2-
6 Pair 2-
4 Pair 3+
4 Pair 3+
5 Pair 3-
5 Pair 3-
7 Pair 4+
7 Pair 4+
8 Pair 4-
8 Pair 4-
20
Rapier Series Switch
SFP Ports
SFP transceivers are compact, hot-swappable, and high speed. Different fibre
and copper SFP transceivers are supported so that you can interchange port
types to meet changing network requirements. SFP transceivers must be
purchased separately.
Table 13 lists the SFP modules approved for use with the Rapier 48w and
48w-B switches. For the latest list of approved SFP transceivers, contact your
authorised distributor or reseller.
Table 13: SFP transceivers supported by the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
Model
Media Type
Description
AT-SPTX
10/100/1000BASE-T
Copper, 100m at 1000Mbps, RJ-45
connector.
AT-SPSX
1000BASE-SX
850nm, 2m to 500m with 50/125µm MM
fibre, 2m to 275m with 62.5/125µm MM
fibre, LC connector.
AT-SPLX10
1000BASE-LX
1310nm, 2m to 10km with 9µm SM fibre,
2m to 550m with 50µm MM fibre, 2m to
550m with 62.5µm MM fibre, LC connector.
AT-SPLX40
1000BASE-LX
1310nm SM fibre up to 40km, LC connector.
AT-SPLX40/1550
1000BASE-LX
1550nm SM fibre up to 40km, LC connector.
AT-SPZX80
1000BASE-ZX
1550nm, 80km with 9µm SM fibre, LC
connector.
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
21
Expansion Options
The following expansion options are available for Rapier switches:
■
Uplink Modules
■
Network Service Modules
■
Port Interface Cards (PICs)
■
PCI Accelerator Cards (PACs)
Uplink Modules
Uplink modules increase switching capacity by providing a maximum of two
extra ports and by allowing switches to be linked together in stacks. For the
Rapier series, uplink modules with gigabit capacity are available.
The following uplink modules are supported on Rapier switches:
■
AT-A35-SX/SC, 1 x 1000BASE-SX port (SC connector)
■
AT-A35-LX/SC, 1 x 1000BASE-LX port (SC connector)
■
AT-A39-T/RJ-45, 1 x 1000BASE-T port (RJ-45 copper connector)
■
AT-A40/SC, 1 x 100BASE-FX Multimode Fibre port (SC connector)
■
AT-A40/MT, 1 x 100BASE-FX Multimode Fibre port (MT-RJ connector)
■
AT-A41/SC, 1 x 100BASE-FX Singlemode Fibre port (SC connector)
■
AT-A41/MT, 1 x 100BASE-FX Singlemode Fibre port (MT-RJ connector)
■
AT-A42/GBIC, 1 x 1000BASE-X GBIC port
For more information about installing uplink modules, see the Uplink Module
Installation and Safety Guide, which is included with every uplink module or can
be downloaded from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
For more information about the hardware features of uplink modules, and
which modules are supported by different models of Rapier switch, see the
Uplink Module Hardware Reference, which can be downloaded from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
Network Service Modules
Network Service Modules (NSMs) provide additional WAN interface types,
either directly or via Port Interface Card (PIC) expansion bays.
The following NSMs are available:
■
AT-AR040 and AT-AR040-B, four Port Interface Card (PIC) expansion bays
■
AT-AR041, eight ISDN Basic Rate S/T interfaces
■
AT-AR042, four ISDN Basic Rate S/T interfaces
■
AT-AR048 and AT-AR048-B, one unchannelised DS3 interface
Table 14 on page 22 shows which NSMs are appropriate for different models of
Rapier switch.
C613-03020-00 REV N
22
Rapier Series Switch
Table 14: Compatible Rapier switches for Network Service Modules (NSMs)
Model(s)
AR040
AR040-B
AR041
AR042
Rapier 8/8 (MT & SC) switch
3
3
3
Rapier 16F-FX (MT-RJ & SC) switch
3
3
3
Rapier 16Fi-FX (MT-RJ & SC) switch
3
3
3
Rapier 24 switch
3
3
3
Rapier 24i switch
3
3
3
AR048-B
3
3
Rapier 24i-B switch
Rapier 48w switch
AR048
3
3
3
3
Rapier 48w-B switch
3
Maximum DS3 packet forwarding rates are achieved only when the AT-AR048
is installed in a Rapier 48w switch, or a Rapier 24i switch whose serial number
ends with the letter N or higher. If maximum DS3 performance is not required,
you can install the AT-AR048 in any Rapier 24i whose serial number ends in J
or later. You can find the serial number on the underside of the switch
(Figure 21).
The AT-AR048-B NSM can only be installed in Rapier 48w-B and Rapier 24i-B
switches. This NSM will achieve Maximum DS3 packet forwarding rates in
both of these switches.
Figure 21: Serial number label on the underside of a Rapier 24i
Model : AT-RP241-10
Part Number: 990-11934-10
N or higher for maximum DS3
performance
Product Serial Number: S03K225N
Quantity With Unit of
Measure:
1 EA
5
Made in Singapore
J, K, L, or M for less demanding
DS3 applications
7 67035 14875
For more information about installing NSMs, see the Network Service Module
Installation and Safety Guide, which is included with every NSM or can be
downloaded from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
For more information about the hardware features of NSMs, guidelines and
limits, see the Network Service Module Hardware Reference, which can be
downloaded from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
For more information about which PICs are supported by different
combinations of Rapier switches and the AT-AR040 and AT-AR040-B NSMs,
see the Port Interface Card Installation and Safety Guide, which is included with
every PIC, or the Port Interface Card Hardware Reference. You can download
these documents from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
C613-03020-00 REV N
Hardware Reference
23
Port Interface Cards (PICs)
PICs provide a cost effective and flexible mechanism for adding new or
additional WAN network interfaces to Rapier switches. By adding or changing
PICs, the switch’s network interface capabilities can be upgraded without
replacing the switch itself. A PIC can provide additional network interfaces, or
can be replaced with a different PIC to provide alternative interface types.
The following PICs are supported on Rapier switches:
■
AT-AR020 PRI E1/T1
■
AT-AR021 (S) BRI S/T
■
AT-AR021 (U) BRI U
■
AT-AR023 SYN
■
AT-AR024 ASYN4
■
AT-AR027 VoIP-FXS
The AT-AR022 ETH PIC and AT-AR026 4ETH PIC are not supported on the
Rapier switch because performance of these interfaces is likely to be reduced
and packet loss may occur.
The AT-AR040 and AT-AR040-B NSM must be installed before PICs can be
used with a Rapier switch. Table 15 shows which PICs are appropriate for
compatible models of Rapier switch for the AT-AR040 NSM. Table 16 shows
which PICs are appropriate for compatible models of Rapier switch for the
AT-AR040-B NSM.
Table 15: Compatible Rapier switches for Port Interface Cards (PICs) in an AT-AR040 NSM
AR020
AR021v2
(S/T)
Rapier 8/8 (MT, SC)
3
3
Rapier 16F-FX (MT-RJ, SC)
3
3
Rapier 16Fi-FX (MT-RJ, SC)
3
3
Rapier 24
3
3
Rapier 24i
3
3
Rapier 48w
3
Model
AR021v3
(S/T)
AR021 (U)
3
3
AR023
AR024
AR027
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
Table 16: Compatible Rapier switches for Port Interface Cards (PICs) in an AT-AR040-B NSM
AR020
AR021v2
(S/T)
Rapier 24i-B
3
3
Rapier 48w-B
3
Model
AR021v3
(S/T)
AR021 (U)
3
3
3
AR023
AR024
AR027
3
3
3
3
The AT-AR021(S) V3 hardware revision, identified by the label “AR021v3” on
the board, requires a switch running AlliedWare® Operating System version
2.9.1-13 or later.
C613-03020-00 REV N
24
Rapier Series Switch
For more information about installing PICs, see the Port Interface Card
Installation and Safety Guide, which is included with every PIC or can be
downloaded from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
For more information about the hardware features of PICs, WAN cables, and
testing PICs, see the Port Interface Card Hardware Reference, which can be
downloaded from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
PCI Accelerator Cards (PACs)
PCI Accelerator Cards (PACs) provide hardware data compression and
encryption on Rapier switches. A PAC is a hardware processing unit controlled
by the switch’s CPU. A PAC can be installed in the dedicated PAC slot on all
Rapier switches except the Rapier 48, Rapier 48i, Rapier 48w, Rapier 48w-B,
Rapier G6, and Rapier G6F.
Warning Only authorised service personnel should install a PAC. Opening the
switch’s lid may cause personal injury from electric shock, could damage the
switch, and will invalidate the product warranty.
Two PACs are available:
How PACs work
■
AT-AR060 EPAC, Encryption PAC
■
AT-AR061 ECPAC, Encryption/Compression PAC
PACs have their own processor which operates independently of the base
system. This processor is responsible for the transfer of data between the base
system and the PAC, and the control of local high speed encryption and
compression data processing devices.
This architecture allows data encoding to be performed off-line without
involving the base switch processor, maximising PAC performance while
minimising the impact on the switch.
Compression
PAC-based compression has the following features:
■
Local 32-bit processor for high speed control and data transfer.
■
Dedicated high performance 32-bit compression hardware.
■
High compression ratio Lempel-Ziv algorithm in hardware.
■
2 MBytes of history memory.
■
Support for up to 127 compression channels.
Compression and decompression operations are performed by a 32-bit data
compression coprocessor specifically designed for high-performance LempelZiv compression applications. 2MBytes of history memory allows up to 127
separate data links to use compression concurrently, enabling PACs to provide
compression for complicated network architectures. Figure 22 on page 25
shows typical compression ratios achieved by a PAC for a representative set of
file types.
Encryption
PAC-based encryption has the following features:
■
Local 32-bit processor for high speed control and data transfer.
■
Dedicated high performance 32-bit Data Encryption Standard – DES and
Triple DES (3DES) – hardware.
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Hardware Reference
25
PAC DES and triple DES encryption are based on a fast 32-bit device that
complies with FIPS PUB 46, ISO DEA-1 and ANSI X3.92 standards.
Figure 22: Typical hardware compression ratios by file type
Compression Ratio
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Font
Program Window
Text
Object
Spread C source
sheet
EPS
Bitmap
TIFF
File Type
CMPRATIO
Dual mode
Throughput of an encrypted link can be dramatically increased by using data
compression. To support this, ECPACs provide a dual mode that allows
combined compression and encryption operations. Data compression occurs
before encryption, to that the compression phase has the best opportunity to
find non-random data.
Adding compression to an encrypted link increases line throughput.
Compression reduces the amount of data to be encrypted and transferred over
the network, so less system and network link bandwidth is required for a given
amount of data. This makes the dual operation very effective where encryption
is required.
Verifying installation
To confirm that the PAC is installed and operating correctly, check that the
switch has recognised the it. Turn on the switch and enter the following
command to display system information:
show system
For more information about this command, see the Configuring and Monitoring
the System chapter of the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System
Software Reference.
The first part of the display shows details of the base unit and expansion
options installed in the switch (Figure 23 on page 26). There should be at least
two entries, one for the switch base unit and one for the PAC. Both the serial
number and the part name should be displayed.
C613-03020-00 REV N
26
Rapier Series Switch
Record the serial number and revision of the base unit and PAC for later
reference. If you have any difficulty with the PAC at any time, contact your
authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller and quote the serial numbers
and revision of both the base unit and the PAC.
If there is no entry for the PAC then the switch’s boot process has not correctly
detected the card’s presence. The most likely cause is that there is no PAC
installed, or the PAC is not correctly installed in the switch. Contact your
authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
Figure 23: Example output from the show system command for a Rapier switch with an AT-AR061 ECPAC installed
Switch System Status
Time 00:23:04 Date
15-Jun-2001.
Board
ID Bay Board Name
Rev
Serial number
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Base
86
AT-RP24
Rapier 24
M2-1 46690596
PAC
153
AR061 ECPAC
P1-16 6844578
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Memory DRAM : 32768 kB
FLASH : 6144 kB
-------------------------------------------------------------------------SysDescription
Allied Telesyn AT-RP24 version 2.2.2-00 18-May-2001
.
.
.
Next, check the status of the PAC by displaying a log of PAC events, using the
command:
show log
For more information about this command, see the Logging Facility chapter of
the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference. A
typical display is shown in Figure 24.
Figure 24: Example output from the SHOW LOG command for a Rapier switch with an AT-AR061 ECPAC card installed
Date/Time
S Mod Type SType Message
------------------------------------------------------------------------------15 00:05:50 4 ENCO ENCO PAC
7751 Found. Initialisation started
15 00:05:50 4 ENCO ENCO PAC
7751 Initialisation Successful
15 00:05:50 7 SYS REST NORM Switch startup, ver 2.2.2-00, 18-May-2001, Clock
Log: 00:04:40 on 15-Jun-2001
15 00:05:53 3 USER USER 00011 manager login failed on port0
15 00:05:58 3 USER USER LON
manager login on port0
15 00:05:59 3 CH
MSG
WARN No patches found
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
If the log shows that the PAC was not recognised or could not be initialised,
contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
Testing functionality
When the PAC is operating, you can test its functionality by using the Test
Facility software or by configuring a module to use it. For more information
about the Test Facility, see the Test Facility chapter of the Rapier Series Switch
AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference. For more information about
configuring interfaces, see the Compression and Encryption Services chapter of
the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference.
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27
The Test Facility is built into the AlliedWare operating system, and is the
easiest way to verify a PAC’s operation. To run the test facility for a PAC, use
the command:
enable test interface=pac
The test runs 4 minutes. To view the results of the test at any time, use the
command:
show test
Figure 25 shows a typical output. The status of the test will be shown in the
right-hand column.
If you are unsure about running the Test Facility, or want help evaluating the
results, contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
Figure 25: Example output from the show test command for a Rapier switch with an AT-AR061 ECPAC installed
Board
ID Bay Board Name
Rev
Serial number
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Base
86
AT-RP24
Rapier 24
M2-1 46690596
PAC
153
AR061 ECPAC
P1-16 6844578
Duration
Details
Interface State
Result
Type (minutes) Data( %OK )
Control
-------------------------------------------------------------------------port1
port2
port3
port4
port5
port6
port7
port8
port9
port10
port11
port12
port13
port14
port15
port16
port17
port18
port19
port20
port21
port22
port23
port24
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
enco0
testing
wait 4 minutes
DES
< 1
-
-
good(100.0)
-
.
enco1
testing
wait 4 minutes
STAC
< 1
good(100.0)
.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
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28
Rapier Series Switch
Switch Cables and Loopback Plugs
This section describes how to make cables for connecting the switch’s
interfaces to networks, terminals, and printers. How to make loopback plugs
for testing switch interfaces is also described.
Descriptions of cables and loopback plugs for NSMs and PICs can be found in
the Network Service Module Hardware Reference and the Port Interface Card
Hardware Reference. These documents can be downloaded from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
Terminal and Modem Cables
Figure 26 shows how to wire cables to connect a standard VT100 compatible
terminal, or a modem, to the switch’s RS-232 Terminal Port.
For NEBS compatibility, the cable must be shielded and grounded at both ends,
especially if permanently connected.
Figure 26: Pin wiring diagram for a standard DB9 male to female terminal cable
DB9 Male
(to switch/DCE)
Not connected
→ (TXD)
← (RXD)
← (CD)
(GND)
→ (DTR)
← (CTS)
→ (RTS)
← (RING)
Pin 1
DB9 Female
(to PC/terminal/DTE)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Pin 5
Pin 5
(DCD)
(RXD)
(TXD)
(DTR)
(GND)
(DSR)
(RTS)
(CTS)
(RING)
Pin 1
Cable
Pin 6
Pin 9
DB9 Male Pin View
Notes:
(1)
(2)
Pin 9
Pin 6
DB9 Female Pin View
→ Output from switch; ← Input to switch.
Cable version 1.0.
DB9MDB9Fsw
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29
Figure 27: Pin wiring diagram for a DCE RS-232 Terminal Port (DB9 female connector) male
to male modem cable
DB9 Male
(to switch/DCE)
Not connected
→ (TXD)
← (RXD)
← (CD)
(GND)
→ (DTR)
← (CTS)
→ (RTS)
(RING)
Pin 1
DB9 Male
(to modem/DCE)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
3 (TXD)
2 (RXD)
1 (DCD)
5 (GND)
4 (DTR)
8 (CTS)
7 (RTS)
9
6 Not connected
Pin 5
Pin 5
Pin 1
Cable
Pin 6
Pin 9
Pin 9
DB9 Male Pin View
Notes:
(1)
(2)
Pin 6
DB9 Male Pin View
→ Output from switch; ← Input to switch
Cable version 1.0.
DB9MDB9Fsw
The switch’s RS-232 Terminal Port has a DCE female socket. This allows the use
of a straight-through cable when connecting the switch to a terminal or PC.
Output from the SHOW ASYN command will, however, still have a DTE
perspective. The internal DTE pin roles are listed in Table 17.
Table 17: Internal DTE pin roles
C613-03020-00 REV N
Pin
Role
2
TXD
3
RXD
4
CD
5
GND
6
DTR
7
CTS
8
RTS
30
Rapier Series Switch
Loopback Plugs for Testing Switch Interfaces
Loopback plugs are used in conjunction with the Test Facility in the AlliedWare
operating system to test the physical interfaces on the switch, Network Service
Modules (NSMs) and Port Interface Cards (PICs). For more information about
the Test Facility, see “Test Facility” on page 47, and the Test Facility chapter of
the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference.
A loopback plug connects the output pins on the interface to the input pins so
that any data transmitted over the interface is looped back (hence loopback
plug) and received at the same interface.
On interfaces with control signals, these are also looped back. The data
received on the interface is compared with the data transmitted to determine
whether or not the interface is functioning correctly. In order to produce a
comprehensive test report for the interface being tested, most tests performed
by the Test Facility require a loopback plug to be inserted.
Figure 28 shows how to wire a loopback to test Ethernet 10/100 switch ports.
Gigabit copper interfaces cannot be looped back. Use a four-pair crossover
cable between two ports and enter the enable test interface=all command.
Figure 28: Ethernet twisted pair (TP) loopback plug
Twisted Pair (TP) Loopback Plug (RJ45 connector)
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
TX+
TXRX+
RX-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Not
connected
Not
connected
•Not
Switch end view
of plug
RTPLOOPsw
For information about testing WAN interfaces on NSMs and PICs, see the
Network Service Module Hardware Reference and the Port Interface Card Hardware
Reference. These documents can be downloaded from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
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31
Port, Connector, and Cable Combinations
This section provides cabling guidelines for each switch model.
Table 18: Cable guidelines
Model
Port Type(s)
Connector Type(s)
Cable Type1
Maximum Cable
Length
Rapier 8/8SC
10BASE-T/
100BASE-TX
RJ-45
10BASE-T Category 3 or
better
100m (328ft)
Rapier 8/8MT
100BASE-TX Category 5 or 100m (328ft)
better
Rapier 24
Rapier 24i
Rapier 24i-B
Rapier 48
Rapier 48i
Rapier 48w
Rapier 48w-B
Rapier 16F-FX/SC
100BASE-FX
SC
Rapier 16Fi-FX/SC
50/125 or 62.5/125
micron multimode fibre
Half-duplex 412m
(1360ft)
Rapier 8/8SC
Rapier 16F-FX/MT-RJ
Full-duplex 2km
(6,600ft)
100BASE-FX
MT-RJ
Rapier 16Fi-FX/MT-RJ
50/125 or 62.5/125
micron multimode fibre
Full-duplex 2km
(6,600ft)
Half-duplex 412m
(1360ft)
Rapier 8/8MT
Rapier G6
1000BASE-T
RJ-45
CAT5
100 (328ft)
Rapier G6F-LX/SC
1000BASE-LX
SC
9/125 micron singlemode
fibre
3km (1.8mi)
Increasing to 10km
(6mi) if linking two
1000BASE-LX models
50/125 or 62.5/125
micron multimode fibre
550m (1804ft)2
Rapier G6F-SX/SC
1000BASE-SX
SC
50/125 micron multimode 550m (1,804ft)2
fibre
62.5/125 micron
multimode fibre
Rapier G6F-SX/MT-RJ
Rapier 48w
Rapier 48w-B
1000BASE-SX
1000BASEX
MT-RJ
Varies with SFP
275m (902ft)3
50/125 micron multimode 550m (1,804ft)2
fibre
62.5/125 micron
multimode fibre
275m (902ft)3
Refer to documentation
with SFP
Refer to documentation
with SFP
1. Refer to the IEEE 802.3 standards for further cable information
2. Assumes a fibre optic cable rating of 500 Mhz/Km. (Maximum cable length is 500m at a cable rating of 400 Mhz/Km.)
3. Assumes a fibre optic cable rating of 200 Mhz/Km. (Maximum cable length is 220m at a cable rating of160 Mhz/Km.)
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32
Rapier Series Switch
Redundant Power Supply
All AC models of Rapier switches, except the Rapier 48w-B, have a Redundant
Power Supply (RPS) connector on their rear panel. Table 19 lists the
connector’s pin numbers and pin functions.
Table 19: RPS Connector Pin Numbers and Functions
Pin Number
Function
1
+12 VDC
2
Remote Sense (RS) +5 VDC
3
Remote Sense (RS) Ground
4
Remote Sense (RS) +3.3 VDC
5
Redundant Power Supply (RPS) Present
6
Ground (+3.3 VDC Return)
7
Ground (+5 VDC Return)
8
+5 VDC
9
Ground (+12 VDC Return)
10
+3.3 VDC
11
Ground (+3.3 VDC Return)
12
+3.3 VDC
13
Ground (+3.3 VDC Return)
14
+3.3 VDC
15
+5 VDC
16
Ground (+5 VDC Return)
Table 20 illustrates the connector’s pin layout.
Table 20: RPS Connector’s Pin Layout
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Pin 16 is at the connector’s top left, while pin 1 is at its lower right.
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33
Fans and Filters on the Rapier 48w
and 48w-B
The Rapier 48w and 48w-B have two fan-only modules (FOMs) located on the
front. For NEBS compliance, Rapier 48w and 48w-B DC models are supplied
with two air filters that you must install into each FOM, and should be changed
periodically. The efficiency period of the air filter will depend on the air quality
in which the switch is operated, but for a normal office environment, we
recommend replacing the air filters every 3 months.
The following procedures describe how to replace FOMs and air filters.
Replacement FOMs (part number AT-FAN-04) and air filters must be
purchased separately from your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or
reseller.
You do not need to power down the switch to change a FOM or air filter, but
you should replace them one at a time.
Before you begin
■
Read the safety information for the switch.
Safety information is available in the Rapier 48w Switch Installation and Safety
Guide bundled with every Rapier 48w and 48w-B switch. You can also
download this document from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
■
Gather necessary tools and equipment.
You will need a flat screwdriver to adjust the captive screws on the FOM.
We recommend installing new air filters when you replace a FOM.
To replace a FOM
1.
Unpack the fan-only module.
Warning Follow correct anti-static procedures when installing a FOM.
Failure to do so could damage the FOM or the switch. If you are unsure
about correct procedures, contact your authorised distributor or reseller.
While observing Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) precautions, remove the
FOM from its packing material in an anti-static environment.
2.
Remove the current fan-only module from the switch.
Using a flat screwdriver, loosen the captive screws on the faceplate of the
FOM, and slide the FOM out of its cage. The internal power connection is
quite solid so pull firmly on the captive screws.
C613-03020-00 REV N
34
Rapier Series Switch
.
3.
Install filters in the replacement fan-only module.
Install an air filter in the replacement FOM. Insert the air filter into the
narrow slot between the faceplate of the FOM and the fan. Position the air
filter with the plastic frame towards the fan, the quadrafoam towards the
faceplate, and the flextab to the top. The air filter should fit snugly.
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35
4.
Install the replacement fan-only module.
Warning Keep the FOM in straight alignment and insert it slowly. Forcing
a misaligned FOM is likely to damage both the chassis and FOM.
Slowly and carefully slide the replacement FOM into the cage, making sure
that the air filter and the flextab are clear of any contact points.
Firmly press the FOM until the faceplate engages, or nearly engages, the
chassis.
5.
Secure the fan-only module.
Tighten the two captive screws on the faceplate of the FOM.
To replace an air filter
1.
Remove the current fan-only module from the switch.
Using a flat screwdriver, loosen the captive screws on the faceplate of the
FOM, and slide the FOM out of its cage. The internal power connection is
quite solid so pull firmly on the captive screws.
2.
C613-03020-00 REV N
Remove the existing fan filter by grasping the flextab at the top and pulling
upwards.
36
Rapier Series Switch
3.
Install the replacement air filter in the fan-only module.
Insert the air filter into the narrow slot between the faceplate of the FOM
and the fan. Position the air filter with the plastic frame towards the fan,
the quadrafoam towards the faceplate, and the flextab to the top. The air
filter should fit snugly.
4.
Re-install the fan-only module.
Warning Keep the FOM in straight alignment and insert it slowly. Forcing
a misaligned FOM is likely to damage both the chassis and FOM.
Slowly and carefully slide the FOM into the cage, making sure that the air
filter and the flextab are clear of any contact points.
Firmly press the FOM until the faceplate engages, or nearly engages, the
chassis.
5.
Secure the fan-only module.
Tighten the two captive screws on the faceplate of the FOM.
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37
AT-TFTP Server
This section explains how to access and use the AT-TFTP Server. You can
transfer configuration files as well as download software versions with
AT-TFTP Server.
6.
If AT-TFTP Server has not been installed, install it now. You can download
it from www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software/.
Select AT-TFTP Server from the Start > Programs > Allied Telesis >
AT-TFTP Server menu.
7.
C613-03020-00 REV N
To set preferences for the AT-TFTP Server, select Options from the File
menu to display the Set Options dialog box.
•
Default file transfer directories: one or more directories that AT-TFTP
Server will read from or write to, for requests that do not include a
directory specification. Separate multiple directories with semi-colons
(“;”).
•
Restrict to directories: To prevent unauthorised access to private
directories, AT-TFTP Server will only use these directories, even if
requests explicitly reference other directories. Separate multiple
directories with semi-colons (“;”).
•
Read Only/Read Write: For added security, select “Read only” to
prevent AT-TFTP Server writing files to the PC. If you wish to use the
PC to archive scripts created using the create config command, you
must enable the “Read Write” option.
38
Rapier Series Switch
8.
•
Diagnostic Messages: Check “Diagnostics Messages” to display
additional diagnostic messages in the AT-TFTP Server window when
debugging file transfers.
•
IPv4 and IPv6: Choose whether AT-TFTP Server should respond to
TFTP requests received via IPv4 only, IPv6 only, or both IPv4 and IPv6.
•
Firewall mode: select “RFC Compliant Mode” to allow multiple files to
be transferred simultaneously, or “Firewall Friendly” to force all TFTP
traffic to use port 69 as either the source or destination port. This will
only allow one file to be transferred at a time.
•
Click the OK button when you finish.
To download a file from AT-TFTP Server to your switch, at the switch’s
command line interface type the following command:
load method=tftp file=filename server=ipadd dest=flash
where filename is the name of the file to download and ipadd is the IP
address of the PC running AT-TFTP Server.
9.
TFTP requests are logged to the AT-TFTP Server main window. To save a
TFTP Server log, select Save As from the File menu.
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39
Using Windows Terminal and Windows
Hyperterminal
You can use a PC running terminal emulation software as the manager console,
instead of a terminal. There are many terminal emulation applications
available for PCs, but the most readily available are the Terminal and
HyperTerminal applications included in Microsoft Windows 98, 2000, and
XP Professional. In standard Windows installations, HyperTerminal is
available from the Communications submenu.
The key to successful use of terminal emulation software with the switch is to
configure the software and switch with matching communications parameters.
The following procedure can be applied to most terminal emulation programs.
Dialog boxes in the procedure are from Windows 2000 and XP Professional.
To configure Windows HyperTerminal for 2000 and XP Professional
1.
2.
C613-03020-00 REV N
Start the program in Windows by doing one of the following:
•
Select Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal.
•
Double-click the Hypertrm.exe icon.
In the Connection Description dialog box:
•
Enter a name for the connection, such as Admin.
•
Select an icon from the scrollable list and click the OK button.
40
Rapier Series Switch
3.
In the “Connect using” field on the Connect To dialog box, select the COM
port on the PC used to connect to the switch. and click the OK button.
4.
In the COMn Properties dialog box, set port parameters as follows, and click
the OK button.
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41
5.
From the main HyperTerminal window, select Properties from the File
menu. Click the Settings tab, and set the Properties dialog box as follows.
6.
Click ASCII Setup to display the ASCII Setup dialog box, and ensure the
following options are not selected:
•
Echo typed characters locally
•
Append line feeds to incoming line ends
Set other parameters as necessary and click the OK buttons on both dialog
boxes to close them.
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42
Rapier Series Switch
7.
Save the current session by selecting Save from the File menu on the main
HyperTerminal window. This creates a connection icon with the name you
assigned in the HyperTerminal group.
To use the configuration, double-click the connection icon. When the
HyperTerminal window appears, press the Enter key several times; the
switch’s login prompt is then displayed.
Switch Startup
This section describes the login and startup procedures for your Rapier switch.
You must go through these procedures to configure the switch and access its
full layer 3 switching capabilities.
To Log In
Using the supplied RS-232 DB9 straight-through cable, connect a terminal or
PC to the RS-232 Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch.
Set the communication parameters on your terminal or terminal emulation
program to:
■
Baud rate: 9600
■
Data bits: 8
■
Parity: None
■
Stop bits: 1
■
Flow control: Hardware
See “Using Windows Terminal and Windows Hyperterminal” on page 39 for
more information on configuring emulation software.
After the switch has booted, the login prompt appears. If the login prompt does
not appear, press the Enter key two or three times.
When the switch boots for the first time it automatically creates an account
with manager privileges. The account has the login name “manager” and the
password “friend”.
At the login prompt, enter the login name and password.
Log in: manager
Password: friend
The command prompt appears and you can now configure the switch using
the command line interface.
Warning Change the password as soon as possible. Leaving the manager
account with the default password is a serious security risk. Make sure that you
remember the new password as there is no way to retrieve it if it is lost.
Use the following command to change the account password:
set password
See the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference for
more information on configuring the switch.
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43
To Access Help
To use online help, the help file must be configured. Use the command:
set help=help-filename
where help-filename is the name of a help file stored in flash.
Help files have an .hlp extension. To see a list of files stored in flash, use the
command:
show file
To display a list of help topics, use the command:
help
To display help on a specific topic, use the command:
help topic
where topic is the name of a help topic.
You can also type a question mark (?) at the end of a partially completed
command to see a list of valid options.
Startup Procedure
When the switch starts up following either a power cycle or an operatorinitiated reboot (using the reset button or restart command), it performs a
series of self tests and sends messages to the terminal or PC connected to the
RS-232 Terminal Port. After the switch successfully starts, a prompt is
displayed for you to log in. See the Getting Started chapter in the Rapier Series
Switch AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference for more information
about logging in.
At startup, you can choose to run either the software version stored in the
EPROM or the software version in the flash file system specified by the
installation parameters previously set using the set install command.
All code is executed in system RAM. At power-up, the boot code is loaded
from EPROM to RAM. The boot code checks the installation parameters then
reloads RAM with the selected temporary, preferred, or default install version
stored in the flash file system and runs this code.
The version is uncompressed as it loads to RAM. This may take 10 to 30
seconds. At this point, any required patches are loaded from the flash file
system. Any patch is also uncompressed as it loads to RAM. This procedure
ensures that the code runs at maximum speed, and allows updates to be made
to the code. Updates can be downloaded over the network from a TFTP server
and stored in the flash file system until required at power-up.
To download software onto the switch, see the Managing Configuration Files and
Software Versions chapter in the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating
System Software Reference.
All software, patches, and configuration settings are stored as files in flash
memory. Typically, the following files are present in the flash file system:
C613-03020-00 REV N
■
The current installed software version. Additional software versions may
also be present.
■
The current installed patch, if any. Additional patches may also be present.
44
Rapier Series Switch
■
The command line help file for the command line interface (CLI). The
command help is stored in a separate text file, with extension .hlp. The
command help file is loaded with a software version.
■
The boot configuration script boot.cfg. The boot script contains standard
commands executed on startup to configure the switch.
■
Additional user-defined configuration scripts containing commands to
configure the switch for different functions. These scripts are created using
the built-in editor, the add script command in the Scripting chapter, or the
create config command in the Managing Configuration Files and Software
Versions chapter of the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System
Software Reference.
■
Other files required by the system.
Configuration information is stored in flash memory as configuration scripts.
These scripts contain standard switch commands. When a configuration
command is entered at the command prompt from a terminal, terminal
emulation program, or Telnet session, the command alters the dynamic
configuration only; this is not saved over a power cycle. To ensure that
configuration changes resulting from such commands are retained across a
power cycle, the dynamic configuration must be saved as a configuration
script, using the create config command.
Startup sequence
When the switch starts up, it performs the following sequence of operations:
1.
Perform startup self tests.
2.
Load the EPROM version as the install boot into RAM.
3.
Prompt for changes to the default startup procedure:
Force EPROM download (Y)?
You can override the default startup procedure. See “Overrides” on
page 44.
Overrides
4.
Check the install information to determine which version to load and run.
If you do not override the default startup procedure, the install parameters
determine which version and patch are loaded and run.
5.
Load the required version specified by the install parameters from the flash
file system as the main boot.
6.
Start the switch.
7.
Execute the boot configuration script, if one has been configured. The boot
configuration script is either a configuration file set using the set config
command, or the file boot.cfg file, if there is one. For more information
about the set config command, see the Managing Configuration Files and
Software Versions chapter of the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating
System Software Reference.
The switch pauses briefly during routine startup messages to display the
following prompt:
Force EPROM download (Y)?
If you do nothing, the normal startup process continues, and switch software is
loaded along with a pre-configured startup script. For troubleshooting, you can
change the startup process by pressing selected keys (Table 21 on page 45).
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45
Table 21: Switch startup keystrokes
Pressing this key... Forces the switch to...
Regular output
Y
Load the version from EPROM, with no patch.
S
Load the version and patch determined by the INSTALL parameters
from the flash file system, ignoring any boot script or any previous
configuration stored in NVS.
Ctrl/D
Enter diagnostics mode. For more information, see “Diagnostics” on
page 49.
Figure 29 shows a typical sequence of messages during the startup process.
Figure 29: Typical switch startup sequence
INFO:
INFO:
PASS:
INFO:
PASS:
INFO:
INFO:
Force
INFO:
INFO:
INFO:
Self tests beginning.
RAM test beginning.
RAM test, 32768k bytes found.
BBR tests beginning.
BBR test, 128k bytes found.
Self tests complete
Downloading switch software.
EPROM download (Y) ?
Initial download succeeded
Executing configuration script <boot.cfg>
Switch startup complete
Manager >
Types of messages
Table 22 explains the types of messages that the switch generates during
startup.
Table 22: Switch startup message types
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Message
Meaning
INFO
An action will be taken by the system.
PASS
A test has been completed successfully.
ERROR
An error message that a test has failed, but the system continues to
operate.
FAIL
An error message that a fatal error condition has caused the system to
halt in an unrecoverable fashion.
46
Rapier Series Switch
Startup messages
Table 23 lists the possible startup messages and their meanings.
Table 23: Switch startup messages
Message
Description
INFO: Self tests beginning.
Code loader tests are about to begin.
INFO: RAM test beginning.
RAM tests are about to begin.
PASS: RAM test, 32768k bytes
found.
RAM test passed and the switch is using the indicated
amount of memory.
ERROR: RAM test test-number.
Error address = address.
For example:
ERROR: RAM test 5. Error address
= 00345678
The given RAM test failed at the given address, which
means that the memory system is faulty. The test
repeats until it passes, so a number of messages like
this may appear. If the error continues, contact your
authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
INFO: BBR tests beginning.
BBR battery tests are about to begin.
PASS: BBR test. Battery OK.
BBR battery tests passed.
ERROR: BBR Battery low.
BBR battery test failed, indicating that the battery is
running low. The BBR battery must be replaced.
Contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or
reseller.
PASS: BBR test, 256k bytes found.
BBR size/location test passed with the indicated
amount of BBR found.
FAIL: BBR test. Error address =
address.
The BBR size/location test failed at the given location.
The test at this location failed, indicating the end of
memory, but a valid location was discovered in the
255 long words following this location. The BBR
system must be replaced. Contact your authorised
Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
FAIL: BBR test, only 16k bytes
found.
The BBR size/location test completed, but only the
displayed amount of memory was found. This amount
is less than the minimum required to run the switch
software.
INFO: Self tests complete.
The startup tests have finished.
INFO: Downloading switch
software.
The process of downloading the switch software and
vector table from ROM is about to begin.
ERROR: Code load retried.
FAIL: Code load failed.
Loading code from ROM to RAM failed. The load is
retried a number of times, and the error message is
displayed each time it fails. The FAIL message is
displayed if the maximum number of attempts is
reached.
INFO: Initial download succeeded.
Startup tests and download are complete, and the
switch software is about to be started. The release is
now decompressed. This may take a few seconds.
INFO: Downloading compressed
release. This may take up to 1
minute...
The main switch software is decompressed before
being loaded into RAM.
INFO: Loading software into
memory. This may take up to 1
minute...
INFO: Executing configuration
script script-name
Configuration commands in the given script are being
executed. If the script has an error, appropriate error
messages are displayed.
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47
Table 23: Switch startup messages (continued)
Message
Description
INFO: switch startup complete.
The startup process is complete and the switch is now
performing switching operations.
FAIL: Unexpected exception. Offset
= number, Addr = address.
An unexpected exception occurred during the startup
process. Contact your authorised Allied Telesis
distributor or reseller.
For example:
FAIL: Unexpected exception. Offset
= 40, Addr = 0100045e.
INFO: Initialising Flash (This may
take some time)
The flash file system is corrupt and the switch is now
re-initialising the flash device. The process will take at
least 4 minutes, depending on the switch.
INFO: IGMP Snooping is activated.
IGMP snooping has been enabled.
INFO: IGMP packet trapping is
active for IGMP snooping, L3FILT is
activated
IGMP snooping has been enabled.
WARNING: IGMP packet trapping
not active, failed to create HW
filters.
IGMP snooping could not be activated on the switch
ports. This may indicate a hardware failure. Contact
your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
ERR: Error (number): Parameter
"keyword" not recognised.
The configuration file contains commands not
recognised by the software version that is loaded.
Test Facility
The Test Facility is a hardware test tool built into the switch software. Its
primary function is to validate that there are no hardware problems after
installation of the switch or expansion options. You can also use it as a
troubleshooting tool, but it is just one of many such tools. For more information
about the Test Facility, see the Test Facility chapter in the Rapier Series Switch
AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference.
Testing should not be performed while the switch is operational as the
presence of a loopback plug may cause feedback of network traffic. Also, any
interfaces being tested are dedicated to the Test Facility. Before you use the Test
Facility, disable configurations by using the set configuration=none command,
and restart or reboot the switch.
Rapier switches and their expansion options support a wide range of interface
types, including Ethernet, asynchronous, synchronous, Basic Rate ISDN and
Primary Rate ISDN. Each interface type, except Ethernet interfaces on the
AT-AR026 PIC, can be tested independently using the Test Facility software.
Most tests also require the use of a loopback plug. For more information on
loopback plugs, see “Loopback Plugs for Testing Switch Interfaces” on page 30.
To enable testing on an interface, use the command:
enable test interface=interface
Tests run for 4 minutes. To display progress and results, use the command:
show test
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48
Rapier Series Switch
This produces a display similar that shown in Figure 30.
Figure 30: Example output from the show test command
Board
ID Bay Board Name
Host Id Rev
Serial number
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Base
114
AT-RP24i Rapier 24i
0 M1-0
6845822
Uplink
88
1 AT-A35SX/SC-00
P1-0
14269019
Duration
Details
Interface State
Result
Type (minutes) Data( %OK ) Control
---------------------------------------------------------------------------port1
port2
port3
port4
port5
port6
port7
.
.
.
port23
port24
port26
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
test
test
test
test
test
test
test
-
-
-
-
-
-
no test
no test
no test
-
-
-
-
-
-
asyn0
no test
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Important If a test fails, contact your authorised Allied Telesis distributor or
reseller.
10/100 switch ports
A loopback plug is required to test 10/100MB switch ports. See “Loopback
Plugs for Testing Switch Interfaces” on page 30 for details of how to make a
loopback plug. To start testing on a switch port interface, use the command:
enable test int=portn
where n is the switch port number.
Gigabit switch ports
To test a Gigabit switch port, connect two ports using a crossover or straightthrough cable, and enable testing on all ports, using the command:
enable test int=all
NSM and PIC
interfaces
For information about testing NSM interfaces, see the Network Service Module
Hardware Reference. For information about testing PIC interfaces, see the Port
Interface Card Hardware Reference. You can download these documents from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
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49
Diagnostics
The switch software includes a set of diagnostic programs that perform basic
checks of all system components. These diagnostics do not run with the normal
operating code and require that the system be totally dedicated to their use.
The switch does not perform normal switching operations when diagnostics
are running.
Diagnostics are designed to be run by service personnel only. This section is
not intended as a guide to the diagnostics software. Detailed knowledge of
how the switch hardware functions is necessary in order to effectively use
these diagnostic programs. For more information, contact your authorised
Allied Telesis distributor or reseller.
The diagnostics programs do not perform checks on AT-AR026 PICs.
Enabling diagnostics
mode
1.
Connect a terminal to the console port.
Using an RS-232 DB9 straight-through cable, connect a terminal or a PC
running terminal emulation software to the console port (RS-232 Terminal
Port). For more information about terminal cables, see “Terminal and
Modem Cables” on page 28. For more information about using terminal
emulation software, see “Using Windows Terminal and Windows
Hyperterminal” on page 39.
Set the terminal communications parameters to:
2.
•
9600 bps
•
8 data bits
•
1 stop bit
•
No parity
•
Hardware flow control
Restart the switch.
Restart the switch, either by using a pen or pencil to operate the recessed
reset button on the front panel, or by using the terminal to log in and enter
the command:
restart reboot
See “To Log In” on page 42 for more information on how to log in.
3.
Enable diagnostics mode during startup.
During the switch startup process, at the prompt:
Force EPROM download (Y)?
press Ctrl+D on the terminal to enter diagnostics mode. A menu is
displayed on the terminal (Figure 31 on page 50). This can be used to check
that the terminal is correctly connected.
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50
Rapier Series Switch
Figure 31: Rapier Switch diagnostics banner page
* * * Diagnostic Mode * * *
version 16-Mar-98
Main Menu:
0. Restart
1. Full RAM test
2. ROM checksum test
3. Full FLASH test
4. Totally Erase FLASH
5. Battery backed RAM test
Enter selection ==>
Running a
diagnostic program
To run a diagnostic program, enter the corresponding number or letter. There
are several sub-menus to cover all the available options. Table 24 lists the
control keys for diagnostic operations.
Table 24: Basic commands for running the diagnostics
Key
Function
Q
Quits any running tests and displays the banner page.
S
Prints a summary of test results so far.
A reasonable understanding of the systems structure is needed to operate
diagnostics and interpret the results.
Restoring normal
operation
To restore the switch to normal operation, use a pen or pencil to operate the
recessed reset button on the front panel, or press “0” (zero) to restart.
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51
Troubleshooting
This section provides information on how to troubleshoot the Rapier switch to
resolve the following basic problems:
What to check first
L/A LED on a
port is off
■
L/A LED on a port is off
■
Power LED is off
■
Fault LED is on
■
Make sure the power cord is securely connected.
■
Check that the power supply voltage is stable.
■
Check that the correct data cables are being used and that their connections
are secure.
■
Make sure that other network devices are working properly.
■
Use the show install command to check that the latest software version is
loaded. See the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System Software
Reference for more information about obtaining the latest software version.
■
If the switch is malfunctioning, reboot it by pressing the recessed Reset
button or entering the restart reboot command. Alternatively, power off
and on the switch by disconnecting and reconnecting the main power
supply including, if connected, the RPS power.
This can indicate:
■
A loose data cable.
■
The device at the other end of the connection is not working properly or is
turned off.
■
The data cable is not wired correctly.
■
The network administrator has manually disabled the port through the
software.
■
The port’s selected transmission mode does not match that of the attached
device.
Perform the following steps in sequence:
1.
Make sure the data cable connections are secure.
2.
Make sure the device at the other end of the connection is switched on and
working properly.
3.
Check that the data cable is wired correctly.
4.
If you can, log in and check the port status. See “To Log In” on page 42 for
more information on how to log in.
5.
If the port is enabled, make sure the transmission speed matches that of the
connected device (auto-negotiating, full or half-duplex).
If the port is disabled, someone has used the software to manually disable it. You should
find out why the port was disabled before enabling it.
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52
Rapier Series Switch
Power LED is off
This can indicate:
■
A loose power cord or DC power crimp
■
A power supply failure
Perform the following steps in sequence:
Fault LED is on
1.
Check that the power cord connections are secure.
2.
Check that all switches and circuit protection devices are in the ON position.
3.
Ensure that the supply voltage is within the operational range–see “Power
supply” on page 6 for the correct operating voltages.
This can indicate:
■
There is a problem with the switch or RPS PSU.
■
The switch or management software is malfunctioning.
■
A hardware fault is preventing switch startup.
Perform the following steps in sequence:
1.
Check Table 1 on page 14 or Table 2 on page 15 for descriptions and
explanations of LED flashing sequences.
2.
Reset the switch by pressing the recessed RESET button on the front panel.
3.
If you were attempting to download software or manage the switch via the
RS-232 terminal Port, check that connections between the Terminal Port and
local terminal or PC are secure.
If you cannot access the switch’s software because of a faulty RS-232
Terminal Port connection, you can still manage the switch via Telnet or
SNMP until the problem is fixed.
Additional resources
4.
Unplug the switch and then plug it in again. If present, you will also have
to disconnect and reconnect the RPS unit.
5.
Download the latest software version. See the Rapier Series Switch
AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference for more information on
how to obtain the latest software version release.
Other sources of useful troubleshooting information are:
■
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software
■
The Test Facility chapter in the Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating
System Software Reference
■
How-To Notes from www.alliedtelesis.com/resources/literature/
howto.aspx
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Hardware Reference
53
Obtaining Documentation and Resources
Document set
The complete document set for Rapier Series switches includes the following:
■
The Rapier i Series Switch Safety and Statutory Information booklet, which
contains safety information for all Rapier switches except the Rapier 48w
■
The Rapier Series Switch Quick Install Guide, which describes how to install
all Rapier switches except the Rapier 48w and 48w-B
■
The Rapier 48w Switch Installation and Safety Guide, which describes how to
install the AC and DC models of Rapier 48w and 48w-B switches and
includes important safety and statutory information
■
The Rapier 48w Switch Removable Fan Installation Guide, which describes
how to install AT-FAN04 fan units in the Rapier 48w and 48w-B switches
■
The Rapier Series Switch Hardware Reference, which contains detailed
information on the hardware features of all Rapier Series switches
■
The Rapier Series Switch AlliedWare® Operating System Software Reference,
which contains detailed information on configuring the switch and its
software
■
The Network Service Module Installation and Safety Guide, which describes
how to install a Network Service Module
■
The Network Service Module Hardware Reference, which contains detailed
information on the hardware features of Network Service Modules
■
The Port Interface Card Installation and Safety Guide, which describes how to
install a Port Interface Card
■
The Port Interface Card Hardware Reference, which contains detailed
information on the hardware features of Port Interface Cards
■
The Uplink Module Installation and Safety Guide, which describes how to
install an uplink module
■
The Uplink Module Hardware Reference, which contains detailed information
on the hardware features of uplink modules
You can download these documents and updates from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
You need Adobe® Acrobat® Reader® to view, search, or print these
documents. You can download it from www.adobe.com.
Other resources
How-To Notes describe a range of standard Allied Telesis solutions, and
include technical tips and guides to configuring specific hardware and
software features. You can download the latest How-To Notes from
www.alliedtelesis.com/resources/literature/howto.aspx.
MIBs supported by Allied Telesis products can be downloaded from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
Microsoft® Visio® stencils for Allied Telesis products can be downloaded from
www.alliedtelesis.com/resources/images/visio.aspx.
AT-TFTP Server for Windows is a TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) server for
transferring software versions, configuration scripts and other files between a
PC and the switch. You download AT-TFTP Server from
www.alliedtelesis.com/support/software.
C613-03020-00 REV N
54
Rapier Series Switch
CD-ROM
Contacting us
Some products ship with a Documentation and Tools CD-ROM, which
includes:
■
the complete document set
■
Adobe® Acrobat® Reader®
■
AT-TFTP Server
■
Supported MIBs
■
How-To Notes, white papers, Microsoft® Visio® stencils and other
resources
■
Tryouts of networking software
With locations covering all of the established markets in North America, Latin
America, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific, Allied Telesis provides localized sales
and technical support worldwide. To find the representative nearest you, visit
us on the Web at www.alliedtelesis.com.
C613-03020-00 REV N
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