Allflex | AFX-100 | User manual | Allflex AFX-100 User manual

Allflex Offices
Allflex Europe (UK) Ltd.
Unit 6 - 8 Galalaw Business Park
United Kingdom
Phone: 44 (0) 1450 364120
Fax: 44 (0) 1450 364121
Allflex USA, Inc.
P.O. Box 612266
2805 East 12th Street
Dallas Ft. Worth Airport, Texas 75261-2266
United States of America
(800) 989-TAGS [8247]
(972) 456-3686
(972) 456-3882/FAX
Piedras 1284/1286
Capital Federal - Buenos Aires
Tel: (11).
Allflex Beijing Plastics
No. 3 Heng Qu Tiao Dong
Tie Jiang Ying Feng Tai District
Beijing, China 100078
Phone: 861 762 9541
Fax: 861 762 9514
Rincon 487 - Piso 10
Tel+fax: 915.48.12
Allflex New Zealand
Private Bag 11003
17 El Prado Drive
Palmerston North
Phone: 64 6 3567199 Fax: 64 6 3553421
Allflex Europe S. A.
ZI DE Plague
Route des Eaux
Vitre, France 35502
Phone: 33 299 75 7764.
Fax: 33 299 75 7700
The Allflex RS320 Stick Reader
Allflex S.A. Boulder
2820 Wilderness Plaza, Suite A
Boulder, Colorado 80301
United States of America
Phone (303) 449-4509.
Fax (303) 449-4529
Rua Dona Francisca,
8300 - Bl. B - Modulos 7/8
Distrito Industrial Joinville
SC - Cep 89239-270 BRASIL
Fone : (47).
Allflex Australia
33-35 Neumann Road
Queensland 4157 Australia
Phone: 61 7 3245 9100
Fax: 61 7 3245 9110
Beijing Allflex Plastic Products Co.Ltd.
San Tai Shan, Xiao Hong Men, Chaoyang
District, Beijing, China 100176
Phone: 8610 87605808
Fax: 8610 87606808
Allflex Canada
Corporation Allflex Inc.
4135, Bérard, St-Hyacinthe, Québec J2S 8Z8
Téléphone/Phone (450) 261-8008
Télécopieur/Fax (450) 261-8028
User Manual
Version 11 – March 2007
Allflex EID Readers with Dynamic Tuning NetworkTM
Congratulations for your acquisition of an Allflex EID reader.
This device is equipped with the new “DTN - Dynamic Tuning Network®”
technology, an exclusive Allflex innovation (patent pending).
The “DTN - Dynamic Tuning NetworkTM” technology provides a significant
improvement of reader performance in several areas, including improved
tag signal reception, better noise immunity and increased read distance.
This is obtained by dynamically optimizing the electrical characteristics of
the reader antenna during tag activation and reception cycles.
ISO 11784 & 11785
This device complies with the standards set forward by the International Standardisation Organisation.
Specifically with standards
11784 : Radio frequency identification of animals -- Code Structure And
11785 : Radio frequency identification of animals -- Technical Concept.
FCC ID: NQY-930010
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device has been tested and meets the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements of EN50082-1
and EN50022 for the CE Declaration of Conformity (DoC).
Trademark Notices
HyperTerminal® is a registered trademark of Hilgraeve, Inc.
MS-Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft, Inc.
Configurator® is a registered trademark of Allflex USA, Inc.
RFID compatibility:
User interface:
ISO 11784 & 11785 HDX and FDX-B
Portable handheld fibreglass tube enclosure with rubber handle grip
One “Press to Read” activation button
Red LED “Exciter Active” visual indicator
Audible beeper and green LED “Good Read” – Visual indicator
2x16-character LCD readout for tag number, type and counter
RS232 serial data port
Software upgradeable via the RS232 serial port
RS232 serial port:
1200 BPS to 57.6 kBPS (default setting 9600N81)
Serial data format
Decimal or Hexadecimal Mfr/Country code + National ID code
Stores 3099 transponder codes in non-volatile memory for downloading
User options:
Non-volatile mode control options selectable via an RS232 serial port interface
Power/Data interface:
1-metre coiled cable (extends to 3 metres) or 3-metre straight cable with/DB9(f)
connector and 2.5mm x 5.5mm coaxial power jack
Battery power:
Internal/removable 9.6 VDC 720 mAH (nominal)rechargeable NiMH battery
AC mains adapter:
12 VDC at 1.1 A AC Adapter and battery pack trickle charger
Certification organisms:
Electromagnetic compatibility - FCC Part 15 Class A, Industry Canada RSS-210
and CISPR 22 (EN55022) and EN50082-1
Product safety - UL1950, IEC950 (CE marked)
ISPRA certification
Length 60 cm x diameter 32mm (18‟‟or 24‟‟x1.25‟‟)
0.62 kg. (22 ounces)
UL94V0 fibreglass and ABS UL94 HB plastic
Yellow / Black
Operating temperature
-10ºC to +55ºC (IEC68.2.1/.2)
Storage temperature
-40ºC to +85ºC (IEC68.2.1/.2)
0 to 95% (IEC68.2.56)
-100 to +3,000 metres
As per IEC68-2-6 (10-55 Hz sinusoïdal/0.75mm displ./1 oct/mn/10 cycles)
50 000 hours
0.5 hours (not field serviceable)
Expected lifetime:
5 years, minimum
Read distance at 9.6 VDC
Reading orientation:
Read zone:
Interrogation rate
Read error rate:
Exciter signal:
Field strength:
The Allflex RS320 Stick Reader is offered for sale in two forms, these are,
the “Standard Kit” and the “ProKit”. (This may vary between countries)
The standard RS320 kit is shipped in a cardboard shipping box and
includes:RS320 Reader
Instruction Guide,
1 x 9.6 Volt DC NiMH rechargeable battery pack,
240VAC – 12VDC Trickle Charger,
Power / Data Cable and
NLIS Link software diskette (Australia Only).
Allflex Configurator software diskette (Other Countries).
5 metre emergency power supply cable
The ProKit is shown below and includes all of the items above except the
240VAC – 12VDC Trickle Charger, plus the following items.
2 extra 9.6 volt battery packs
1 extra serial cable
Desk Mount Rapid Charger and 240VAC-18VDC power supply
Enclosed in a rugged plastic case
35cm (minimum – Allflex 30mm HDX/HP eartag)
22cm (minimum – Allflex 31mm FDX-B eartag)
0º to 45º with less than 10% loss of sensitivity
360º in radial and axial planes with respect to the end of the reader enclosure
~ 9 times/second
Less than 1 in 106
84 dBuV/m at 10 metres – with 9.6 VDC power supply
Figure 1 - Stick Reader Features and User Interface
Stick Reader physical integrity
The Stick Reader has been built from rugged and durable materials to
withstand use in harsh environments for long periods of time. However, the
Stick Reader contains electronic components that can be damaged if they
are deliberately exposed to extreme abuse. This damage can adversely
affect, or stop the Reader's operation. The user must avoid deliberately
striking other surfaces and objects with the Stick Reader. Damage that
results from such handling is not covered by the warranty described below.
Limited Product Warranty
Allflex guarantees this product against all defects due to faulty materials or
workmanship for a period of one year following the date of purchase. The
warranty does not apply to any damage resulting from an accident, misuse,
modification or an application other than that described in this manual and
for which the device was designed.
Stick Reader User Interface
Figure 1 illustrates the Stick Reader‟s features that comprise the user
interface and that are pertinent to its operation. Each feature and its
corresponding functional description is described in Table 1 below.
If the product develops a malfunction during the warranty period, Allflex
will repair or replace it free of charge. The cost of shipment is at the
customer's expense, whereas return shipment is paid by Allflex.
Table 1 - Stick Reader Features and Descriptions of Use
Description of Use
Emits activation signal and receives transponder
Red LED Indicator Illuminates whenever antenna is emitting
activation signal (when green button is pressed)
Green LED
Illuminates whenever a transponder has been read
Audible Beeper 1
Beeps once on first transponder reading and twice
for repeat
1 Item is internal to enclosure and cannot be seen
If you wish to disconnect or re-connect at any time you can use the two
buttons in the top left corner of your HyperTerminal Window.
Green “Read”
Data/Power Cable
DB9 Connector w/
DC Power Jack
Fiberglass Tube
Screw-on Endcap
Handle Grip
Cable Connector
Applies power and causes activation signal to be
emitted for reading transponder
Conveys external power to Reader and serial data
to and from Reader
Connects serial data to PC, scale head, or data
logger RS232 port. Accepts 12 VDC input as
Reader power source
Rugged, watertight enclosure
Provides access to battery compartment
Rubber anti-slip gripping surface
Electrical interface for attaching Data/Power
Step 6 - Next, be sure that your Stick Reader is turned on and press the
read button. Bring a tag into the read zone. Observe the green light briefly
flash, indicating a successful read. The HyperTerminal® window, should
now display the ID code for the tag just scanned.
Even if the user‟s intends to use a program other than HyperTerminal®
completing the steps above ensure that (a) the Stick Readers operation and
communication is verified and (b) the user becomes familiar with the basic
operation of both the stick reader and HyperTerminal® as a backup
application to other specific data transfer such as NLIS Link (Australia).
Preparing for use
In order to proceed, it is necessary first to fully charge the Battery Pack as
described below and to have an few electronic identification eartags
available for testing.
It is very important to carry out the following three steps
before using the Stick Reader.
Step 1: Installing the battery pack in the Stick Reader
Turn barrel portion clockwise
Remove Endcap
Step 5 - Setting up your connection properties
Align the batteries - arrows
line up with buttons
Click on the RESTOR DEFAULTS button to set the Baud Rate etc to 9600,
8, None, 1, None
portion clockwise
Notice the caption and time label down the bottom left hand corner of the
screen showing the status of the connection.
Also Align label in end
Refit and align endcap
Turn barrel anti clockwise
HyperTerminal® comes standard with most windows installation. It can
also be downloaded for free from
Step 2: Trickle Charging the battery pack. (applicable to the Standard Kit)
When HyperTerminal® has fully loaded you will be asked to input a name
for your new connection. We‟ll call this connection “Test”.
EU Ref: 68100006
NA Ref: 68100007
UK Ref: 68100009
AUS Ref: 68100008
Step 3 - Starting a new connection
Step 4 - Next, select the COM Port that your Stick Reader is connected to.
On most computers this will be COM 1.
The Rapid Charger is available as an optional accessory, or is a
standard item in a ProKit.
Rapid Charger – charged
to 85% in 2hrs
(Applicable to 700mAh
batteries. For larger
batteries the charge time
will approximately extend
proportionally. IE
1000mAH will be around
3 hrs.
Spare Batteries can
also be purchased
Step 4 – Selecting the right connection
Step 3: Activating the RS320 Stick Reader and read test
Connecting And Testing The Stick Reader Using HyperTerminal®
Press the Green Button to “Wake Up” the
reader from Sleep Mode.
Step 1 - Connect the serial cable to the computers COM port (COM1 is the
most common port used).
After the reader is awake – Keep the button
depressed to read a tag.
Typical read = 20cm for sheep tags and 35cm for cattle
20 / 35cm
Step 1 – Connecting to comm. port 1
Step 2 - Launch HyperTerminal® by going to the Start button, then to
Programs then to accessories then to Communications and finally click on
the HyperTerminal® icon to launch the program.
> 3s
0000 NO ID
When the button is depressed, the red lamp will flash indicating that it
is looking for a tag. Keep the green button depressed and when a tag is
detected, the green light will flash and the reader will emit a beeping
sound. The display will show the Tag number and the Count.
Step 2 - Selecting The HyperTerminal® Program
Serial Command Language
Stick Reader Power Supply
This section is designed for the use of programmers and advanced users.
The instructions listed in table 4, describe some of the basic and more
frequently used configuration options. It illustrates how to implement them
using the Stick Reader Serial Command Language in conjunction with
HyperTerminal®. The Command Language method uses upper and lower
case alpha characters combined with hexadecimal characters to establish the
Reader‟s configuration. The most common commands are listed in Table 6
Power Source Requirements
The RS320 Stick Reader contains a rechargeable and removable 9.6 VDC
NiMH Battery Pack, which serves as its primary power source. Alternately,
the RS320 can be powered ;From its external AC Adapter/Charger (Via the serial cable),
Via the battery back up cable (with the alligator clips) in conjunction
with any external DC power source rated at12 Volts DC with at least
a 1.1 amp current capability.
By connecting to older model battery packs (PW50 and PW250) that
were used with the Grey (RS250) Allflex stick reader.
Table 4 - Frequently used command language characters
? or H
The reader's current settings are sent in command
language format
Configures the ID code serial data format
Sets serial data communication parameters
Sets the miscellaneous options
Resends the last tag read
Initiates reading (the Stick Reader must already be
powered up)
Retrieves all the ID codes stored in memory
Sets ID code memory options
Clears the ID code memory
Retrieves the list of valid command language
Note: For commands followed by “n” (hexadecimal characters), the user
must press the {Enter} key on the PC after entering all the command
characters. {Enter} does not need to be pressed for single letter commands,
except as indicated in table 1.
Special Notes Regarding Power Requirements
The older RS250 (Grey) stick readers can be powered by connecting
directly to some weigh scale heads (without the battery pack). The RS320
(Yellow) requires a higher voltage level than most scales produce and hence
cannot be used in the same manner, unless the scale head is externally
powered from a car battery, or AC charger. Otherwise, the yellow reader
must have it‟s own charged battery inserted.
Internal 9.6 VDC Battery Pack - Prior to operating the RS320 Stick
Reader from its internal Battery Pack, the Battery Pack must be charged.
This can be accomplished by either of two methods: (1) install the Battery
Pack into the Stick Reader, attach the Data/Power Cable, and connect the
AC Adapter to the DC input jack located on the DB9 connector, or (2)
install the Battery Pack into the Allflex Model AK320 Fast Charger. (Not in
Standard Kits – Supplied in Pro Kits, or sold as a separate option)
Note 1 - Battery Pack charging using the AC Adapter/Charger
applies a slow-charge, which requires approximately 12 hours to
complete. During this slow-charge cycle, the Stick Reader can be
simultaneously operated from the AC Adapter. The AK320 Fast
Charger provides 2 hour charging of up to 3 Battery Packs, simultaneously.
Note 2 - The RS320 Stick Reader is designed to operate only with
the Battery Pack provided. The RS320 will not operate with
individual battery cells of either disposable or rechargeable variety.
AC Adapter - The RS320 Stick Reader can be powered using its AC
Adapter/Charger regardless of the charge state of the Battery Pack.
The AC Adapter can be used as a power source even if the Battery Pack
has been removed from the Stick Reader. If the AC Adapter has been
connected, the user may proceed with configuration and performance
testing while the Battery Pack is charging.
Note 3 - The Stick Reader‟s integral Battery Pack is affected by
temperature. At 0°C (32°F), the Battery Pack will deliver only
about half of its rated energy capacity. At lower temperatures, the
Battery Pack may deliver unsatisfactory performance. When the
RS320 Stick Reader is used in low temperature environments, connection to
an external power source, such as the Allflex PW50 Battery Pack, and
placement of this external Battery Pack close to the user‟s body, is
Note 4 - To ensure proper Battery Pack charging, charging
should be conducted only in an environment where the
temperature is between 15°C and 30°C (60°F to 85°F). Charging
at temperatures outside these boundaries will result in unsatisfactory charge
acceptance by the Battery Pack. For more information about the
characteristics of rechargeable batteries, please see the white paper at
Removable curly serial cables
Spare serial cables exist in 3m lengths.
(not supplied)
Stick Reader
Plastic Carry Case
Durable Plastic Carry Case available as an optional extra or is included in
“Pro Scanner” Package
AK320 Battery pack fast charger
Using Your Backup Battery Cable
The AK320 fast charger is used to charge up to 3 PW320 Battery Packs
simultaneously in 2 hours.
You can connect your stick reader to any 12V DC power supply such as a
car, truck, tractor, or motorbike battery. The Stick reader is connected
through the socket located on the back of the Stick Readers data cable as
shown in step 2.
The reader is protected for reverse polarity connections.
Step 1
Connect the black alligator
clip to the negative terminal
(-). Connect the red alligator
clip to the positive terminal
PW50 and PW250 Battery Pack
The PW50 and PW250 Battery Packs are portable power sources typically
used for the older version RS250 (Grey) Allflex Reader. These batteries can
also be used to power the RS320 Stick Reader. The PW50 would for
typically allow 2000 eartag cycles. It can be fully recharged in 16h. The
PW250 provides power for approximately 4000 read cycles. It can be fully
recharged in 10h and only requires 2.5h to be recharged to 80% capacity.
RS320 Stick
(not supplied)
Step 2
Connect the other end of the
battery cable into the power
socket located at the end of
the Stick Readers data cable
Step 3
You should now be ready to
start using your stick reader.
Press the READ button
momentarily and observe the
red lamp flashes, indicating
that is receiving power.
Activating the Stick Reader
Optional accessories for the RS320 Stick Reader
With the Battery Pack fully charged and installed, or with the AC Adapter
connected by means of the Data/Power Cable, the Stick Reader is ready to
be used. To turn on the Stick Reader, press the green “Read” button,
holding it down until the red and green indicators light and extinguish, and
until the beeper stops sounding (this is about ¼ second duration).
CM301 Bluetooth® Module
The Bluetooth® module provides wireless communication between the
RS320 and a Bluetooth®-compatible device. The maximum range of this
wireless link is approximately 100 m, if allowed by the matching
Bluetooth® compatible device.
Note 5 - Very brief presses of the Read button will cause the
indicators to light and the beeper to sound, but will not be
sufficiently long to latch the Stick Reader into its power on state.
Be sure to hold the Read button down until the beeper stops sounding.
When the Stick Reader is powered up, the LCD readout appears as shown
This power-on message indicates that the Stick Reader's internal ID code
memory has been cleared and that the Stick Reader is ready to read new
tags. If the reader has been previously used and ID codes are stored in
memory, the LCD readout will be as follows:
PC +Bluetooth option
(not supplied)
PW320 Battery Pack
The PW320 Battery Pack is used to supply power to all versions of the
RS320 Stick Reader.
982 000006975374
In this display, the four digits on the left of the upper line indicate the tag
counter; the information located to the right of this line displays the tag
type. HDX ISO: indicates standard ISO Half Duplex cattle tags (as used in
the Australian NLIS and some other cattle markets).
On the lower line, the 3 characters of the manufacturer code are displayed,
followed by the 12-digit ID code. 982 = Allflex.
Battery orientation!
Display formats for other tag formats (other than ISO HDX tags) that can be
read by the RS320 Stick Reader are shown below for ISO FDX-B and
industrial HDX coded tags.
982 009101723121
Note 6 - Each ID Code is stored internally in the Stick Reader‟s
non-volatile memory until the user deliberately erases the stored ID
codes after downloading them into a recording device, such as
NLIS Link(Australia) or a PC database. Up to 3099 ID codes can be stored
and retrieved later at the user‟s convenience.
Note 7 - The Tag Counter feature on the LCD readout can be
reset to zero at any time by double clicking the Read button, and
observing the LCD‟s display “Reset Counter?”. Depressing the
Read button again for 5 seconds, while this message is displayed
on the screen will force the Tag Counter to reset to the value “0000”.
Resetting the Tag Counter does not alter the ID codes previously read and
stored in the Stick Reader‟s internal memory.
Note 8 - The Stick Reader provides a New Animal Group
Function that inserts a line of all zeroes into the list of RFID
numbers stored. This is used to separate mobs of stock in the
memory. Each time you wish to insert a New Animal Group you simply
access the option via the menu (2 quick button presses and trigger it by
depressing the button for 5 seconds while the NEW ANIMAL GROUP
message is displayed. Inserting a New Animal Group will not re-set
counter. Re-set counter manually if required.
Note 9 - The Stick Reader will scan for duplicate tag numbers
in a list containing the last 100 tags scanned. This number (100)
can be altered to scan lesser values such as 25, 50, 75 or up to as
many as all the tags in memory. This is done using Allflex
Configuration Software or by contacting Allflex Support. When a New
Animal Group is initiated , duplicate search is also re-set.
Reading eartags
5. RS320+ CM301 to a dedicated Bluetooth device. such as printer.
When a tag is successfully read, the tag's ID code information appears on
the LCD readout. For “non-duplicate” tag readings, the tag counter will be
incremented and the ID code is automatically stored in the Stick Reader's
internal memory.
Under this scenario, the Allflex Configurator software is used to set the
Power Module: ON
Connection Mode: Master
Device Pairing: ON
Pairing Slave ID:
Use the ID HEX Code for the Bluetooth module of
the printer. Sometimes this is not written on the device. One way to find
the address for the Bluetooth printer is to use a computer or PDA with
Bluetooth and discover the printer and then view the Details. Once you
know the address, enter it into the Pairing Slave ID field. All the settings
above are in the Wireless Tab.
Tag numbers that are read as duplicates are not stored in memory and the
counter is not incremented. This means if you scan a tag twice within the
Duplicate Search Limit of 100 scans, it will be stored originally but not the
second time. If you scan the same tag twice outside the Duplicate Search
Limit of 100 tags, the number will be stored twice and the counter will be
incremented for both scans.
The Stick Reader's green LED indicator flashes and the buzzer will sound
for every scan. A single flash/beep occurs the first time a tag is read and a
double flash/beep indication occurs for duplicate tag reading.
Every time a tag is scanned, irrespective of whether it is a duplicate or not,
the number is transmitted out of the serial data cable / Bluetooth ports.
It is recommended that the Time On setting in the Operation Tab also be set
It may also be necessary to adjust the data string being sent to some printers
to get the correct data onto the label. In the case of the Zebra QL320 printer
shown, we set the Command Prompt (in the ID-Code Format Tab) to : NO
Using the function menu
A menu is available on the Stick Reader that groups together 4 functions.
These four functions are used:
to reset the tag counter to zero;
to create a New Animal Grouping (New Animal Group Field - a line
of zeros – 000000000000 );
to reset the Stick Reader configuration (Factory Settings).
to enable Bluetooth
RS320 BT (With Hardware ON / OFF switch) to a Bluetooth
enabled PDA (Palm Top Computer / Portable Data Assistant)
To access the menu, double-click on the green read button when the Stick
Reader is awake. Press the read button quickly to switch to the next menu
To Be Advised.
Under this scenario, a specifically modified CM301 Bluetooth endcap is
modified to include an ON / OFF switch and LED indicator.
To execute a menu function, whilst the menu function you require is
displayed (NEW ANIMAL GROUP for example), press and hold down the
read button for 5 seconds. A countdown appears at the bottom right of the
LCD readout and is accompanied by a beeps. The function is only executed
once the countdown has reached „0‟ and a long beep is sounded. A
confirmation message is then displayed on the readout.
To quit the menu, press the read button quickly when the last function is
displayed on the readout, or simply wait a few seconds.
Note 10 Function execution is cancelled if the read button is
released before the countdown reaches „0‟.
The Reader is operated with Default Settings. This means it is set to Slave
Mode, Bluetooth Power Module is OFF, Pairing is OFF etc. It is important
that the Configurator is not used to change any of the Bluetooth settings
other than, it is recommended that the Time ON setting be set to Always
ON. (Operational Tab)
The User must use their PDA Bluetooth Manager to set up the pairing to the
reader. To enable this to happen the CM301 Bluetooth module is switched
on using the ON / OFF switch. Power will be drawn from the reader battery
as long as the switch is on, even if the reader goes to sleep.
Note 11 The Stick Reader automatically closes the menu if no
action occurs for 3s.
It is impossible to read a tag when the menu is activated.
Read Range Performance
3. RS320BT to a Bluetooth enabled computer.
Figure 2 illustrates the read zone of the Stick Reader, within which tags can
be successfully detected and read. Optimum read distance occurs depending
upon the orientation of the tag. Tags and implant read best when positioned
as shown below.
Please call Allflex. (The reader should be a SLAVE, Pairing OFF, Time On
Figure 2 - Optimum Read Distance Tag Orientation
Sometimes, a PIN code is required to connect the “Stick Reader RS320 –
RF Bluetooth” to the PC, PDA… In such case, the PIN code to use is (case
Best Orientation
Read Zone
Stick Reader
Table 2 lists typical read distances that can be expected when reading
different types of Allflex eartags, in the optimum tag orientation at the end
of the Stick Reader (as shown in Figure 2).
Table 2 - Typical Read Distances for Various Allflex Eartags
Tag Type
9.6 VDC
(84 dBuV/m @10m)
HDX/HP Eartag (NLIS/Cattle Tag)
35 cm
HDX/LW Eartag (Sheep Tag)
28 cm
FDX-B/LW Eartag (Sheep Tag)
20 cm
2. RS320BT to a Bluetooth adapter connected to a Computer Serial
Factors that affect read range performance
Tag reader efficiency is often linked with reading distance. The Stick
Reader's read distance performance is affected by the following factors:
Transponder orientation - To obtain maximum reading distance, the axes of
the transponder and reader antenna coils must be optimally orientated as
shown in Figure 2.
Transponder quality - Each manufacturer's transponder differs by (a) the
level of exciter signal energy required for the transponder internal circuits to
operate sufficiently, (b) the signal level of the ID code information that is
returned to the reader. Consequently, it is normal to find that common type
transponders (for example, FDX-B) from different manufacturers have
different read range performance levels.
Animal movement - If the animal moves too quickly, the reader may not be
located in the read zone long enough for the ID code information to be
Under this scenario, a Bluetooth adapter is used in the same manner as in
the previous scenario, however, as you will see the Bluetooth Adapter cable
is different. This cable allows the adapter to be connected to the serial port
of a computer (using the 9 Pin Dee fitting) and also to receive power from
the computer (using the USB cable).
The reader Bluetooth configuration is exactly the same as the previous
The software on the computer should be set to connect to the reader, via the
serial port as if there was a cable in place. This scenario also allows
computers to be used that are not Bluetooth enabled.
Transponder type - HDX transponders generally have larger reading
distances than similar-sized FDX-B transponders.
Nearby metal objects - Metal objects located near a transponder or reader
may attenuate and distort the magnetic fields generated in RFID systems
and therefore, reduce reading distance. A good example being the eartag
being caught in a head bale significantly reduces the read distance.
Electrical noise interference - The operating principle of RFID transponders
and readers is based on electromagnetic signals. Other electromagnetic
phenomena, such as radiated electrical noise from other RFID tag readers,
or computer screens may interfere with RFID signal transmission and
reception and therefore, reduce reading distance.
Transponder/reader interference - Several transponders in the reception
range of the reader, or other readers that emit excitation energy close by
may adversely affect reader performance or prevent the Stick Reader from
Discharged battery pack - As the battery pack discharges, the power
available to activate the field becomes weaker and this reduced field results
in a reduced reading range.
A Bluetooth symbol will appear next to the counter on the top left
hand-side of the stick reader display indicating it is connected. Data
should now transfer from the wand to the scale head when you scan
a tag.
ID Code Memory
The Stick Reader has an internal non-volatile memory that can store 3099
ID codes. Non-volatile memory means that the data in memory will not be
lost even if the battery goes flat. Non-volatile memory is only cleared by
sending a specific command to the reader. This is done from software like
NLIS Link (Australia) or HyperTerminal etc.
ID codes are stored automatically when they are read. A transponder ID
code will not be stored several times if the same tag is read successively
several times, but if the reader is configured by the user to have the
Duplicate Search function is set to Last Tag, it will be store the number
several times in memory if other tags are read in between. When more than
3099 ID codes are read, the new ID codes overwrite the oldest ID codes in
Note: the Bluetooth settings are saved in the WAND not the Bluetooth
endcap. For example, if you configure a wand to talk to a specific
Bluetooth receiver adapter, you can swap the Bluetooth endcap on the
reader and the system will continue to work as expected. If you swap the
wand however, the connection will not work, unless you program the new
wand to connect to the Bluetooth adapter attached to the scale head.
The settings are stored in the reader memory. The settings are NOT applied
to the CM301 Bluetooth module until the module is fitted to the reader and
it is powered up. At this point the screen will say “Configuring Bluetooth
Note: Because you have set the TIME ON setting to ALWAYS ON, the
only way to power the reader down is to unscrew the endcap and allow the
battery to momentarily detach.
Using the Stick Reader’s Serial Data Interface
Select the OPERATIONAL Tab (if it is hidden on your screen, click
on the left arrow button which is to the right of the word “Wireless”
on the Wireless Tab.
The RS232 serial data interface is available on the RS320 by connecting the
detachable Data/Power Cable to the Cable Connector located on the Endcap.
The Stick Reader‟s Cable Connector is covered with a protective cap to
guard against foreign material contamination. Remove this cap and install
the Data/Power Cable by engaging the connector and rotating the lock-ring.
The RS232 serial interface comprises a 3-wire arrangement with a DB9F
connector, and consists of transmit (TxD/pin 2), receive (RxD/pin 3), and
ground (GND/pin 5). Figure 3 illustrates the power and data wiring of the
Power Jack and Data Connector. This interface is factory configured with
the default settings of 9600 bits/second, no parity, 8 bits/word, and 1 stop bit
(“9600N81”). These parameters can be changed by using the options
included in the Configurator® program.
Note 12 - The RS320 Stick Reader is provided with the
connectorized endcap and detachable Data/Power cable in its
standard configuration.
Change the TIME ON setting to be Always ON.
Click on Apply Settings button. (Make sure the button turns grey –
keep clicking until it does turn grey)
Detach the curly serial cable and unscrew the serial end cap off the
Attach the Bluetooth End Cap and turn the reader on.
You will see a message that the Reader is Configuring the Bluetooth.
If the message is very brief – power down and restart the reader.
Make sure the Bluetooth adapter is attached to the correct port of your
scale head (CON2 on a Tru-Test XR) Also ensure the XR is powered up.
Note 13 - The Stick Reader RS232 interface is wired as a DCE
(data communications equipment) type that connects directly to the
serial port of a PC or any other device that is designated as a DTE
(data terminal equipment) type. When the Stick Reader is connected to
other equipment that is wired as DCE also (such as a Palm Pilot or Pocket
PC), a “null modem” adapter is required in order to properly cross-wire
transmit and receive signals so that communications can occur.
Note 14 - The Stick Reader‟s serial data connection can be
extended using a standard DB9M to DB9F extension cable.
Extensions longer than 20 meters (~65 feet) are not recommended
for data, and extensions longer that 2 meters (~6 feet) are not recommended
for data and power.
Note: If the Bluetooth Receiver adapter is not plugged into CON2
on an XR it will not work as this is from where it receives power.
Figure 3 - Stick Reader Power Jack and Data Connector Wiring
Start the Configurator software and turn on the reader. The readers current
settings will appear on the screen. If they don‟t click on Get Settings.
Coaxial Jack
Connect the wand to the PC via the serial cable and computer serial port.
+ Pwr
To Stick
Serial output data appears on the Stick Reader‟s TxD/pin 2 connection in
ASCII format, which is compatible with most PC terminal emulator
programs, such as HyperTerminal®.
The Configurator has several TABS across the top section.
Select the “Wireless Technologies” screen by clicking on the
Wireless Technologies tab.
The Stick Reader settings must be set to the following:
Power Module: On;
Connection Mode: Master;
Device Pairing: On;
Pairing Slave ID; use the address code found on the small label on
the Blue Tooth Adapter that attaches to the scale head. The code will
usually look something like this: 000BCE0076A3
Table 3 - Default Serial Data ID Code Formats
Tag Type
Default Format
Note: _ = space; {CR} = carriage return; {LF} = line feed
Interpreting Tag ID Code Information
Table 3 lists the default data formats that are transmitted from the Stick
Reader‟s serial communications port, in response to reading compatible type
tags. For ISO type tags, there is no contextual differentiation between HDX
and FDX-B outputs. Both types of tags produce a default format:
Bluetooth – Known Successful Methods
There are 4 scenarios to correctly implement Bluetooth. These are:1. RS320+CM301 to a Bluetooth adapter connected to a scale head.
2. RS320+CM301 to a Bluetooth adapter connected to a Computer
Serial Port.
3. RS320+CM301 to a Bluetooth enabled computer.
4. RS320+CM301 (With Hardware ON / OFF switch) to a Bluetooth
enabled PDA (Palm Top Computer / Portable Data Assistant)
5. RS320+ CM301 to a dedicated Bluetooth device, such as printer.
These options are discussed in further detail below.
1. RS320+CM301 to a Bluetooth adapter connected to a scale head.
This scenario requires that a
process called “Pairing” be
undertaken. This requires the
Allflex Configurator software to
configure the reader to correctly
link to the Bluetooth module
connected to the scale head. Most
Allflex offices pre-match readers
to Bluetooth adapters prior to
If your RS302 and Bluetooth
adapter have not been set up for
you, or have lost their pairing,
Allflex Configurator Software will be required to complete the Pairing
where the underscore “_” represents a space character, and {CR}{LF} is a
carriage return /line feed (unprinted / invisible control characters which
cause a PC‟s display cursor to jump to the beginning of the next line prior to
displaying the next ID number).
In the above data output, the prefix “LA” represents “line mode – animal
coded read only tag”, “982” is the Allflex manufacturer number assigned by
an international organization called ICAR. The last 12 digits comprise a
unique number sequence for the particular tag being read.
The TIRIS S2000 output format has become a de facto standard for many
users, Allflex can advise you how to configure your reader with this output
if required for interaction with specific software. TI mode appends the
reserved field and data block bits contained in the ISO coded eartag to the
Stick Reader‟s default format, causing the ID code information to appear in
the format:
This output is easily configured using either the Configurator® utility, or by
issuing the Command “BE40239” to the Stick Reader (See Serial Command
Language on page 27.
Note 15 - The manufacturer code “982” will be different for
another manufacturer‟s tag,
Note 16 - While HDX and FDX-B type transponders have an
identical format, they are guaranteed by Allflex to be unique. That
is, HDX tag type ID numbers are never duplicated in FDX-B type
tags, despite their sharing the same manufacturer ID code (“982”) /
Depending upon the country, Allflex Configurator Software will either be
supplied on a specific Configurator CD supplied with the reader, or included
on other CD‟s such as NLIS Link in Australia. Install the Configurator
For HDX Industrial coded tags, the output format is:
In this tag format, the prefix “LR” represents “line mode – industrial coded
read only tag”, “0006” is an application code unique to Allflex, and the last
16 digits comprise a unique identifying number sequence. Industrial tags
are not used in regulatory animal identification schemes, such as the NLIS
in Australia, NAIT in NZ, etc. This information is supplied only for users of
tags with non animal applications, such as asset tracking etc.
The above default formats can be changed using the Stick Reader
Configuration Program which is obtained by contacting Allflex.
Using Bluetooth.
The CM301 RF Bluetooth module (see page 33) allows the RS320 to send
and receive data “wirelessly” via a Bluetooth connection. The CM301 is an
reader endcap for the reader that contains a Bluetooth module.
To make Bluetooth operate you need to connect the Bluetooth reader with
another Bluetooth enabled device, like a PDA (hand held computer),
computer, or a Bluetooth dongle that is attached to a scale head (as shown
If you are using a PDA or
computer you will require
software. (not supplied by Allflex)
Your software supplier will explain
how to connect the PDA, or your
computer to the Allflex Reader.
Bluetooth works on a premise that
one end of the communications
will be a MASTER and the other a
SLAVE. The Master initiates
communications and looks for a
Slave device it has been connected
to. PDAs and computers usually behave as Masters.
WARNING: When used in the appropriate manner and setup correctly,
Bluetooth offers an excellent method of cable free data transfer. However,
Bluetooth can also be made far too complex by some users.
Allflex advise that to achieve successful implementation of Bluetooth
with our RS320 reader, users are specifically requested to follow the
simple implantation methods listed (following).
If these implementation methods are not followed, Allflex cannot
guarantee that implementation will not be problematic. This means the
Bluetooth connection may become inconsistent, plus this may in turn
cause other reader related errors.
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