Cypress Semiconductor | Perform CY8CLEDxx | Specifications | Cypress Semiconductor Perform CY8CLEDxx Specifications

Issue One
Plug and play…
latest light
engine solutions
Quick and easy
colour mixing solutions
(page 4)
(pages 8 and 11)
LUXEON®-based
LUXEON Rebel
®
leading the LED revolution!
(page 6)
Making LED Lighting Solutions Simple™
underwater
floodlights
replace halogen
(page 10)
Expert lighting centre offers
proof-of-concept capabilities
Future Lighting Solutions runs the Lighting Resource Centre (LRC) for customers developing LUXEON® LED
applications. With two dedicated LRCs, based in Montreal and Shenzen in China, as well as a Solutions
Design Centre (SDC) in London, Future Lighting Solutions has a wealth of resources to enable and
accelerate market adoption.
The LRCs consist of a proof-of-concept development facility and an optical-measurement lab for
retrofitting and testing LUXEON-based lighting to see what can be achieved. Customers with qualified
LUXEON LED lighting opportunities can use the knowledge and experience of the resident engineering team
to develop products and validate their designs with high-precision laboratory equipment to minimise
application development cycles. Some of the high-precision equipment on hand includes:
•
•
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Spectroradiometers
• High-precision illuminance (lux) meters
Integrating spheres
• Circuit design and layout software tool
Goniometers
• Luminance (nit) meters
LightTools® and TracePro® optical design and simulation software
Future Lighting Solutions Certified Solutions Partners
Future Lighting Solutions has
witnessed the explosive growth of
LUXEON high-power LEDs in all
lighting markets. Our Certified
Solutions Partners (CSP) network
offers customers significant
experience in LUXEON LED, power, thermal and
optics design to facilitate and accelerate the
market development and adoption of LUXEONbased solutions.
We have 52 selected partners from around
Europe, Americas and Asia that demonstrate
expertise, skill and understanding of LUXEONbased design from the concept stage through to
production. Our Certified Solutions Partners
operate in many lighting markets and bring with
them expertise ranging from automotive, general
lighting, architectural, entertainment, aviation and
many more.
Using our CSP network offers you product
design and production expertise with the
minimum of investment and resources, knowing
that you will have the help of an expert who is
certified to enable LUXEON solutions.
Read the article on page 10 by MAL Effekt-Technik, a leading CSP in Germany
LUXEON® Rebel Scoops
Prestigious Award
LUXEON Rebel has been awarded
the prestigious 2007
‘Technical Excellence’
award at LightFair
International Trade Show &
Conference in New York City.
The LUXEON Rebel also
picked up the ‘Best of Category: Speciality Lamps’
award and was recognised for its high efficiency
and colour quality compared to competitive
devices, despite having a footprint that is only a
quarter the size of other high-power LEDs.
P O W E R
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T H E R M A L
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New! Future Lighting
Solutions website launched
Future Lighting Solutions
has officially launched its
new website. The site is
dedicated to providing
detailed design and
engineering solutions to
enable the adoption of
LUXEON LEDs into
mainstream applications.
The site also includes the
components required to complete a LUXEON-based
solution, such as optics, thermal management and drivers.
www.futurelightingsolutions.com.
I N T E G R AT I O N
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O P T I C A L
3
Welcome to Lumenate
Dear readers, welcome
to the first edition of
Lumenate magazine.
Since we launched
Future Lighting Solutions
seven years ago, the
humble LED has gone
from being a simple
indicator lamp to what is
recognised as the next
generation lighting source.
The technology has
developed at an amazing
rate. When Future Lighting
Teresa Gibson
Solutions first launched,
the typical performance of a LUXEON LED was 13.9
lumens at 350mA, today we are already talking about
high-power LEDs that will produce 80 lumens at 350mA
and as much as 200 lumens with higher drive currents.
But, as we all know, effective design is not simply about
statements of Lumens per watt but more about LED
reliability and the ability to truly determine the lifetime
performance of LEDs under different operating conditions.
Last month we saw Philips Lumileds Lighting launch a
new reliability analysis tool. Finally, we can now produce a
graphical representation which helps us to understand and
evaluate the impact of temperature and drive current on
lumen maintenance and failure rates of LEDs.
Through this analysis we can clearly see dramatic
reliability performance differences between LEDs from
different manufacturers allowing designers and engineers
to make more fully informed decisions.
With all these great developments taking place we
thought it would be valuable to produce a magazine
dedicated to LED lighting solutions as a way of sharing
technology breakthroughs with our customers. Lumenate
will not only cover LED technology, but also the other critical
elements of power, thermal and optical management which
are essential to achieving the optimal usable light.
Lumenate will be published four times a year and include
technical articles, product information and industry news as
well as articles from our Certified Solution Partners. These
will cover a wide range of segments and applications
suitable for solid-state lighting.
This is the first edition of Lumenate and we welcome
your input and feedback. If you would like to share your
comments with us please contact:
lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
and we will be happy to discuss your ideas.
Teresa
Gibson
Teresa Gibson
Managing Director
Future Lighting Solutions Europe
Win a state-of-the-art
LED torch!
Future Lighting Solutions have five high-power LED
torches to give away. Using the latest high-power
LED technology from Philips Lumileds, these
torches throw a bright, focused beam,
while consuming far less energy
than a traditional incandescent
bulb. Respond to any of
the box numbers in
this issue and you
will automatically be
entered into the prize
draw for one of the torches.
4 4 3
8 8 8 7 3
2
Introduction
3
Cypress RGB driver
4
Zetex portable devices
5
6/7
Avago mid-power LEDs
8
Avago JukGaRak
8
ON Semi AC/DC drivers
9
Carclo secondary optics
9
Certified Solutions Partner 10
The headlamps designed into the new
Audi R8 are being implemented with
LUXEON LEDs.
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Lumenate News
LUXEON® Rebel
Did you know?
C A L L
Contents
F O R
Dialight Lumidrives
11
Product Directory
12
T E C H N I C A L
A D V I C E
4
LED controller family
offers
quick and easy
colour mixing
Achieving consistent colour
performance with LED
design requires a complex
set of calculations to
account for a variety of
factors, such as LED bin information and colour
shift over temperature. The EZ-Color LED controller
family from Cypress Semiconductor, supported by
the PSoC Express™ embedded visual design tool,
allows engineers to produce a complete design
solution simply by inputting the selected LEDs and
choosing a desired colour.
With PSoC Express, when
designers select a colour
from a range presented
on-screen, pre-loaded
manufacturers’
specifications and
temperature feedback
algorithms are
automatically applied to
the selected design,
reducing development
time. The EZ-Color
controller supports up to
16 independent LED
channels with up to 32
bits of resolution per
channel, enabling lighting
designers to select LED
array size and colour
quality.
The EZ-Color controller family from Cypress
The controller also
offers dynamic colour mixing that makes all colours within the
system range accessible instead of just the pre-set colours.
The dynamic colour-mixing feature also enables the system
to use feedback loops to maintain the set colour output
across temperature. Because a High Brightness (HB) LED’s
dominant wavelength, luminosity and forward voltage are all
dependent on junction temperature, HB LED temperature
feedback is critical for control. When the HB LED is enabled,
the junction temperature increases. As a result, the
wavelength increases whilst forward voltage and luminosity
decrease. This produces a challenge when trying to maintain
a stable colour point, since the system will be using outdated HB LED characteristics.
The simplest method of controlling the effect of temperature
on the HP LED system is through a temperature feedback loop.
The temperature feedback loop will use an approximation of the
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T H E R M A L
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HB LED’s junction temperature using the board temperature,
the power of the HB LED and the thermal impedance from
junction to board (supplied by the HB LED manufacturer).
Temperature feedback loops are simple to implement using
the EZ-Color solution. EZ-Color devices can control both
digital and analogue signals enabling quick use of devices
such as temperature sensors (thermistors), analogue to
digital converters and amplifiers. PSoC Express provides
temperature compensation algorithms enabling the EZ-Color
devices to maintain the correct system colour output across
temperature. These algorithms update the controllers to
account for current HB LED characteristics.
Dimming control or current control of the HB LED is
another challenge EZ-Color devices address. Possible
designs for current control can involve a PWM or expensive
external ICs with external resistor control. The PWM method
can dynamically change the brightness through its duty
cycle for colour mixing and tends to be a more efficient
solution because of its flexibility. The EZ-Color solution can
support up to 16 independently-controlled HB LEDs using
the PWM method.
Typical difficulties of using a PWM include high EMI and
inherently low frequency flicker. Cypress has addressed
these issues with
PrISM™ (Precise
Illumination Signal
Modulation)
technology, which uses
a spread-spectrum
dimming waveform
with user-defined signal
density to deliver
consistent colour in
varied conditions.
The CY8CLEDxx
EZ-Color family
includes devices that
drive up to four, eight
or sixteen LEDs, in
applications such as
architectural lighting,
signage, backlighting,
handset flash and
torches.
TWO FREE BOARDS TO BE WON!
Future Lighting Solutions and Cypress
Semiconductor are offering two CY3261–RGB
development kits.
If you would like to enter the
prize draw please email your
name and contact details to:
lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
When responding to
this article please quote
the reply number
01
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
I N T E G R AT I O N
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O P T I C A L
Switching regulators
reduce battery count in portable lamps
Driving a power LED from a battery
Low-cost, constant-current DC-DC converters help to solve
Unlike a bulb, you cannot connect an LED directly to a voltage
issues related to LED drive, battery life and overall size and
source, as this would result either in the LED not lighting up or,
weight. Typical ZXSC400 and ZXSC310 boost converter
potentially, blowing up. You need to control the current flowing
circuits for a 2-cell battery system are available via email from
through the LED and the simplest way to do this is with a
lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com. The ZXSC400
current-limiting resistor.
operates from voltages down to 1.8V while the ZXSC310
Generally high-power LED flash lights or torches use a
operates down to 0.8V as shown in Figure 3.
3-cell alkaline battery system. If you use a resistor drive, your
When analysing battery voltage against discharge time for
battery system has to provide a
a 2-cell alkaline circuit using a
voltage high enough to overcome the
ZXSC400 to drive a LED at a
LED’s maximum forward voltage (VF).
nominal 350mA, the time for the
LEDs have a wide variation in forward
battery voltage to drop to 2V is
voltages: the VF of a LUXEON® highapproximately 22 minutes. This is
power, white LED is typically 2.50 to
the point where forward current
3.99V at 350mA. This value increases
drops to 300mA, giving a 10%
with the drive current and is also
reduction in luminous flux. In the
dependent on temperature.
same test, using a ZXSC310, the
In order to get a consistent level of
time for the battery voltage to
light across your project, you have to
drop to 2V is approximately 56
match the limiting resistor value with
minutes. This gives a forward
the VF of the LED, since the light
current of 150mA, resulting in a
Fig. 1: Normalised luminous flux vs LED current
output will reduce as the battery
50% reduction in luminous flux.
discharges and its voltage drops.
Furthermore, the lamp itself will turn off when the battery
Conclusion
voltage falls below the LED’s VF, regardless of the amount of
A 2-cell AAA battery with a ZXSC400 constant-current boost
energy available in
converter gives longer operational times at higher flux output
the battery.
as well as more constant luminous flux than a 3-cell AAA
A switching
battery using a resistor drive. For a 50% luminous flux cut-off
converter,
point, a 2-cell AAA battery ZXSC310 system gives a similar
however, will
run time to a 3-cell AAA battery with a resistor drive.
adjust its output
Therefore, the use of a switch-mode boost converter
voltage to the LED
improves energy utilisation, battery life and is generally a
VF regardless of
‘greener’ solution than that offered by resistor drives.
the battery
With the switching
voltage. This gives
regulator, the variation
you the option to
in forward voltage of
keep the light
the LED is no longer
Fig. 2: LED current vs battery discharge time for a 3-cell
output fairly
an issue and use of a
voltage-resistor drive using a 3Ω resistor
constant across
2-cell instead of a 3the battery discharge cycle or to mimic resistor-drive behaviour.
cell system offers
The effects of variations in the LED VF become less of an issue,
significant reduction
as you can drain the battery completely flat before the system
in overall size and
Fig. 3: Battery voltage vs discharge time for 2-cell
cuts off, or even make use of a 2-cell or 1-cell system.
weight.
AAA alkaline battery
Switching DC-DC converter vs voltage-resistor drive
In a resistor drive for a LXK2-PW12 LED, with a typical forward
voltage of 3.4V at 350mA, operating from a 4.5V supply (3
AAA alkaline batteries), a 3Ω current-setting resistor is
needed.
However, to illustrate the significance of forward-voltage
variance, Figure 2 shows the LED current for this circuit driving
a LXK2-PW12 LED with a forward voltage of 3.65V instead of
3.4V. The current obtained at a 4.5V supply drops from
350mA to 290mA, which represents a greater than 10% lightflux reduction as shown in Figure 1. This illustrates that resistor
tuning is required for LEDs with varying forward voltages.
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TWO FREE BOARDS TO BE WON!
Future Lighting Solutions and Zetex Semiconductors
are offering two ZXSC400EV3 development kits.
If you would like to enter the prize draw please email
your name and contact details to:
lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
When responding to
this article please quote
the reply number
02
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
F O R
T E C H N I C A L
A D V I C E
Can a
rebel
start a
revolution?
Ultra-compact, high power, and
with industry-leading flux density.
The LUXEON® Rebel boasts an
impressive specification, but what
does that mean to the designer?
Lighting designers will always want to
get the most from light sources. For
high-power LEDs that means delivering
more light from a smaller package.
The first and most obvious advantage
the LUXEON Rebel offers on this front,
is a footprint of just 3mm x 4.5mm.
Combined with industry-leading
luminous flux, these dimensions free
designers to create brighter LED
arrays and slimmer end-products, but
is there a catch?
Taking the heat
The result of pushing light-output and boardspace boundaries is the inevitable
accumulation of thermal energy. Philips
Lumileds have addressed this in two ways: the
LUXEON Rebel operates with a maximum
junction temperature of 150°C and features an
electrically-isolated thermal pad.
This allows pads to be mounted on a single heat-sink
without additional isolation or the use of an FR4 board with
thermal vias. As well as aiding thermal management, the
design of the LUXEON Rebel thermal pad and contact also
has implications for LED layout.
Design strategies
An extremely small footprint gives the LUXEON Rebel
versatility, particularly with applications requiring denselypacked LED arrays. Also, because the thermal pad is over
1.8mm from the electrical
connections, thermal creepage is
kept to a minimum. This allows the
LUXEON Rebel to work with high
voltage differences, a critical
requirement for driving neatly
arranged serial strings of LEDs.
Another application requiring
20 LUXEON® Rebel = 316.5mm2
multiple LEDs mounted in close
75lm/LED = 1500 lumens @ 350mA
proximity is RGB mixing. The LUXEON
Rebel layout has a direct affect on the way in which designers
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can achieve colour mixing.
As well as allowing a greater
number of LEDs on a single
board or under a single optic,
being placed in close proximity
means that LUXEON Rebel
devices can automatically
achieve a high level of colour
mixing at reduced distances of
around 15mm. This opens
new design possibilities for
power LEDs in areas such as
colour bricks, interior lighting
and video walls.
I N T E G R AT I O N
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O P T I C A L
7
Defining the colours
Bin
Warm
White
Neutral
White
Cool
White
3000K
4100K
6500K
Bin
Royal
Blue
Blue
470nm
455nm
Bin
Green
Cyan
Red
530nm
505nm
627nm
RedOrange
617nm
Amber
590nm
G
40
40
40
A
175mW
8.2
E
H
50
50
50
B
225mW
10.7
F
J
60
C
275mW
13.9
G
40
50
K
70
70
D
18.1
H
L
80
80
E
23.5
J
23.5
30
30
40
40
30
40
50
60
K
70
L
80
70
TYPICAL LUMENS AT SPECIFIED OPERATING CURRENT
700mA
With the LUXEON Rebel designers are offered a broad
palette of colours and shades of white to work with.
The LUXEON Rebel White LED is available with CCTs
from 2,670K to 10,000K. These options are split into
three industry-optimised categories with typical CCTs
of 3,000K, 4,100K and 6,500K.
Philips Lumileds’ patented conformal coating ensures
low CCT variance over angle. Future Lighting Solutions
supports a comprehensive binning structure which is
detailed in the LUXEON Rebel datasheet.
350mA
MINIMUM LUMENS AT SPECIFIED TEST CURRENT
Reliability meets clarity
High-power LEDs are the work-horses of solid-state lighting.
Much is asked of their reliability. So before designing in a
particular LED, you need to know your production run will
not be restricted by sub-standard testing. That is why we’ve
taken a closer look at what Philips Lumileds put the LUXEON
Rebel through before it crosses your production line.
To start with, every LUXEON Rebel is tested and
binned in-house. All colour dies are produced,
assembled, tested, binned, and quality controlled
by Philips Lumileds, ensuring that any particular
batch of LEDs maintains an equal standard.
The LUXEON Rebel in particular achieves
the lowest possible rating for moisture
sensitivity (JEDEC Level-1) meaning that
manufacturers benefit from indefinite shelf life,
with no dry pack, sealing, or baking to worry about.
LUXEON Rebel is compatible with JEDEC 020c, lead-free
reflow, and can handle up to three re-flow cycles for
complex assembly procedures or board reworks.
As well as offering high maximum stats, the LUXEON
Rebel is binned with guaranteed minimums for performance
so that designers can avoid nasty surprises. The way in
which Philips Lumileds produces lifetime and lumen
maintenance data also sets them apart. Unlike some
manufacturers, when Philips Lumileds claim a thousand
hours testing they literally mean a thousand hours - not a
hundred hours for ten products or one single gruelling hour
for a 1,000 products.
Projections of recorded data show that the LUXEON InGaN
products deliver, on average, 70% lumen maintenance at
50,000 hours of operation at a forward current of 700mA. This
projection is based on constant current operation with junction
temperature maintained at or below 135°C.
Unlike many LED manufacturers, Philips Lumileds publish
an application note that details their reliability data. To request
this email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
G
80
80
80
A
19
E
H
95
95
95
B
22
F
J
110
C
27
G
80
95
K
130
130
D
38
H
L
145
145
E
48
J
K
130
L
145
65
80
85
65
85
100
Does the LUXEON
Rebel have a cause?
Actual size
The combination of thermal performance,
reduced dimensions and high light output means
that the LUXEON Rebel can genuinely open
up design opportunities, whilst the range
of binned colour temperatures makes
sure that design engineers can
fulfil their visual requirements.
The full range of
LUXEON Rebel
high-power
LEDs are
supported
by Future
Electronics.
Future Lighting
Solutions offers a
comprehensive support
structure for the LUXEON
Rebel range, as well as holding
a ready-to-ship inventory for all
the available colours.
For more information email:
lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
Product Snapshot
Dimensions:
3x4.5x2mm
Max junction temp:
3
150°C
3
Max drive current:
1000mA
Lumen maintenance:
70% @ 50k hrs @ 700mA (InGaN)
1
Range:
Did you know?
50
65
Selection of colour options;
AlInGaP and InGaN technologies
LUXEON Rebel won the ‘Technical
Excellence’ award at the 2007 Lightfair
International Tradeshow & Conference.
2
1
BOTTOM
2
TOP
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F O R
T E C H N I C A L
A D V I C E
8
Mid-power LEDs
higher drive currents
Designed as an extension to the current PLCC-4 series, Avago’s
0.5W mid-power LEDs utilise improved package design and heat
dissipation to operate at higher drive currents. Critically, this results
in improved light output and flux performance compared with
PLCC-4 surface-mount LEDs available from other manufacturers.
The new ASMT-Q series devices exhibit high light output and reliability under a range of
environmental conditions, including exterior automotive lighting, indoor and outdoor
electronic signage, and industrial control panels. Enhanced resin materials are used
to extend operating lifetime and minimise degradation. Whatever the application,
Future Lighting Solutions can support this LED series. For more information visit
www.avagotech.com/products or contact your local Future Electronics office.
When responding to
this article please quote
the reply number
04
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
FEATURES
• 3.2mm x 2.8mm x 1.9mm PLCC-4 platform
• Typical luminous flux:
White (InGaN) 17lm @ 150mA
Amber (AlInGap) 11.4lm @ 150mA
Red-Orange (AlInGap) 14lm @ 150mA
Red (AlInGap) 9.8lm @ 150mA
• Warm White, Blue and Green colours will be
market released in the coming months
• Robust operating temperature -40°C to 100°C
• Compatible for both IR and TTW soldering process
• 120° viewing angle
APPLICATIONS
• Automotive
• Backlighting
• Dome/map lighting
• Puddle lamp/glove compartment illumination
• Decorative lighting
• Signage
RGB light source blends
thermal management with performance
Avago's high-power LED Plug and Play modules are high performance,
extraordinarily user-friendly, high-brightness light sources that give a new
dimension to the packaging of LED light source. Its slim and compact
footprint makes it easy for horizontal and vertical stacking. Assembly of
the light source is extremely simple with the plug and play mechanical
mounting and electrical connector, reducing the need of assembly machine
investment and tight process control that is inevitable for conventional LED
packages.
The JukGaRak features a built-in heat sink and mechanical mounting
designed to simplify thermal management, enabling effective heat
transfer and maintaining LED junction temperature. The reflector cavity
has been designed to maximise light extraction as well as colour
mixing. Integrating 20 Red, 20 Green and 10 Blue closely-pitched 0.5W
LED dice on a 10cm Metal Core PCB, the colour mixing is best in its
class.
Two versions of the JukGaRak are currently available: The top-emitting
version (ADJD-MJ51) measures 100mm x 18mm x 3.6mm with an
aperture of 96mm x 6mm; the side-emitting version (ADJD-MJ61)
measures 100mm X 18mm X 8mm with an aperture of 96mm x
4.6mm. The JukGaRak can be used with the PSoC driver detailed on
page 4. The RGB drive capabilities of Avago’s 24W light source make
this an ideal fit for many lighting applications.
For ease-of-use the ADJD-MJ51 and ADJD-MJ61 include a connector
cable.
P O W E R
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TWO FREE BOARDS
TO BE WON
Future Lighting Solutions and its
Solutions Partners have co-developed
a board to demonstrate the advantages
of the JukGaRak solution and highlight
its programming flexibilities.
If you would like to enter the prize draw
please email your name and contact
details to:
lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
Decorative lighting
Architectural lighting
Speciality lighting
Full-colour backlighting
Colour washing
Plug and play connection and mount
Fully serviceable due to ease of mounting and de-mounting
Integrated heatsink to simplify thermal management
Red, Green and Blue colour premix in the reflector cavity
Silicone encapsulation for long product life:
no degradation after 10,000hrs @ max. current and Ta 70°C
• High typical flux output: Red 200lm @ 300mA; Green 250lm @ 300mA;
Blue 30lm @ 150mA; RGB 480lm @750mA
When responding to
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05
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
I N T E G R AT I O N
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O P T I C A L
9
Efficient
LED-ballast design
with power
regulators
With the proliferation of high-luminosity LEDs, the lighting industry
is now moving towards compact Switch Mode Power Supplies
(SMPS) to provide efficiency. ON Semiconductor power
regulators offer a simple and economical way to design power
supplies that comply with stringent energy-saving
requirements. The proprietary high-voltage technology includes
a 700V power MOSFET with a start-up current source, all
directly connected to a bulk capacitor.
As an example, they’ve designed an isolated, universalinput LED ballast, operating with LUXEON LEDs and
providing a wide input-voltage range from 85VAC to
265VAC. The NCP1013 low-cost, monolithic controller
minimises peripheral circuitry by integrating functions such
as start-up and current limit. A patented Dynamic SelfSupply (DSS) function, for example, eliminates the need for
a transformer auxiliary winding by allowing the integrated
circuit to bias itself directly from a high-voltage input rail.
The board includes an input filter, a bridge rectifier,
smoothing capacitors, a power stage and a rectifier diode,
as well as bulk capacitors and line inductor in a Pi-filter
arrangement. There is a constant current drive feedback
topology for the LEDs with a constant voltage in the event
of an open circuit output.
The circuit delivers 5W of output power and can drive one or
two LEDs. The output current can be adjusted to 350mA,
750mA or 1,000mA to match with the requirements of the
LUXEON LED range. More information on low-cost 1N4007
diodes and NCP1013 monolithic controllers is available from
Future Lighting Solutions.
When responding to
this article please quote
the reply number
06
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
Secondary optics harness the LUXEON Rebel
To quote Pirelli’s tyre
advertisment,
‘Power is nothing
without control’.
Equally, the same
analogy can be
drawn with lighting:
the end user is
unlikely to care how
many lumens of light their
luminaire radiates, compared to visible lux
or candela in the area of illumination.
Producing the required values of lux
means controlling and directing light
output and, in the same way, it means
keeping light away from other areas.
To help designers make the most of
their LUXEON Rebel LEDs, Carclo has
developed a range of optimised 20mmdiameter secondary optics. These include
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LED chip also plays a part. If incorrectly
optics capable of producing beam widths
positioned, the output beam will become
between 9° and 35° Full Width Half
uneven and offset. The placement
Maximum (FWHM), as well as an optic
accuracy required is dependent on the
capable of producing an elliptical beam
beam width of the optic. Generally the
measuring 10° by 40°, and two frosted
wider the beam divergence of the optic
variants with integrated diffusers suitable
the more tolerant it will be of axial
for architectural
displacement. As a general guide, an
applications.
accuracy of ±0.25mm is required for
All of these
optics that produce the narrowest beams.
optics boast
To help users mount their optics at the
upwards of
correct focus height and to align them with
85% efficiency,
the LUXEON Rebel LED chip, Carclo can
allowing users to
supply a general-purpose optic holder that
make the most
mounts on the PCB and locates the optics
of the LUXEON
correctly above the LUXEON Rebel.
Rebel LEDs. When
Further details of Carclo’s optics and
mounting secondary
holders are available from Future
optics it should be remembered that
Lighting Solutions.
positioning optics at the correct height
relative to the LED is critical to achieving
the best efficiency
When responding to
and the correct
this article please quote
beam width.
the reply number
The alignment of
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
the optic axis to the
07
8 8 8 7 3
F O R
T E C H N I C A L
A D V I C E
CERTIFIED SOLUTIONS PARTNER
LED
underwater lighting
replaces
halogen
Development of
a high-power LED
swimming-bath floodlight
to reduce maintenance cost,
lower power consumption and
improve colour rendering
In 2004 MAL Effekt-Technik undertook
the challenge of creating a high-power
LED swimming-bath floodlight to replace
existing halogen lighting. The aim was to
create a module fitting the standard
mounting of a 150W halogen-based
underwater floodlight with comparable
or improved quality illumination.
They began by sizing up the competition, and analysing relevant
data for the halogen model. For instance, the halogen floodlight
was measured with an optical measuring bench to register the
whole lighting allocation which would need to be reproduced.
Additionally, the halogen reflector was optically measured and
included in the data used to develop the secondary optic for the
high-power LED module.
The first major challenge was to specify the electronic
requirements. Since there was only a two-core wire leading to the
floodlight, electronic control had to be placed within the high-power
LED module itself. The maximum voltage was limited to 24V, so
MAL Effekt-Technik decided to use an external switching power
supply with Power Factor Correction, featuring an input voltage
range from 100V to 300V and an output voltage of 24V.
Based on the analysed optical data MAL Effekt-Technik calculated
that the required amount of lumen output equated to 24 LUXEON
III LEDs. Ideally, MAL Effekt-Technik would have preferred to use
more LEDs but, as this was a retro-fit assignment, space was
limited. Using LUXEON III Stars various prototypes were built and
tested, which MAL Effekt-Technik used to develop the secondary
optic and to test the electronic control equipment.
After final mechanical configuration of the LEDs, the PCB was
developed. MAL Effekt-Technik opted for Metal Core Printed Circuit
Board (MCPCB) material by Bergquist as this offered the heat
conductance required to efficiently drive the high-power LEDs.
As MAL Effekt-Technik strongly believe in the importance of efficient
and intelligent thermal management, an 8-bit microcontroller was
integrated into the high-power LED module to control temperature,
supply constant current via a switching regulator step and to
implement soft-start. Both the microcontroller and the switching
regulator were to be included on the PCB, which added to the
demand on the limited amount of available board space.
The biggest issue, however, was how to remove heat from highpower LEDs housed in a stainless steel floodlight case. Stainless
steel has a bad heat conductance value, so MAL Effekt-Technik
designed an aluminium heat-sink which stored enough heat to
allow dissipation through the stainless steel case and into the
surrounding water. To achieve this, various calculations, simulations
and prototypes were required. MAL Effekt-Technik eventually
achieved a slug temperature of 45°C at a water temperature of
30°C.
Since the completion of the project MAL Effekt-Technik have built
and sold hundreds of the underwater floodlights – single colours as
well as RGB. Also, their adoption of high-power LED technology
has not stopped and today MAL Effekt-Technik produce underwater
floodlights with 27 LUXEON K2 LEDs and an input voltage of 12V.
For the second half of 2007 MAL Effekt-Technik plans to release a
module with 36 of the latest LUXEON Rebel LEDs. These continuing
developments are reducing maintenance cost, lowering power
consumption and improving colour capabilities for swimmingbath lighting.
Markus Vockenroth
Managing Director – MAL Effekt-Technik
Did you know?
There are currently 24 certified
solutions partners across Europe...
When responding to
this article please quote
the reply number
...and it’s growing still!
P O W E R
•
T H E R M A L
•
08
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
I N T E G R AT I O N
•
O P T I C A L
Modular RGB light engines
LinkLED™ RGB light engines enable OEMs to easily
construct full colour-change applications using LED
technology. With simple plug and socket connections,
they can be used for a wide range of applications,
including architectural detail lighting and signage.
These modules are supplied ready to use, complete
with plug and socket connections, and thermal
adhesive for direct assembly on metal surfaces.
The Dialight drivers range
Dialight Lumidrives has developed a range of drivers
optimised for LUXEON LEDs. COLOURDRIVER™
includes complete dimming implemented with an
on-board DMX512 interface and PWM power control.
A thermal feedback circuit monitors LED temperature,
ensuring maximum reliability and protection.
COLOURDRIVER is available in a range of options
from stand-alone remote ballasts to IP65 enclosed
and OEM modules for integration within light fixtures.
LumiSpot light engines
Dialight Lumidrives produce a range of light engines
from circular to linear modules. The LumiSpot range
offers four circular LED arrays designed to
complement the Lumidrives Microdrivers and are
ideal for a variety of OEM solutions.
LumiSpots come in six different single-colour LEDs
and four different beam angles. Complete with
optics, the range offers the ability to create LEDbased lighting systems with an incredibly quick time
to market by utilising off-the-shelf Plug and Play
modules. They can be driven either singly or in
multiples (depending on the total number of LEDs
and the driver used), giving an increased level of
flexibility in lighting design.
The optics and optic holders used are from the new
F-Form range, exclusive to Lumidrives and
supported by Future Lighting Solutions.
When responding to
this article please quote
the reply number
09
Email: lumenate@futurelightingsolutions.com
C A L L
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F O R
T E C H N I C A L
A D V I C E
Product Directory
LED
Thermal
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Thermal tape available
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BuckPuck, wire harness available (3021HEP)
•
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Wire harness available (VCA-87)
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Carclo
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Control Modules
• •
Aavid Thermaloy
Avago
High
Medium
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Active
Custom
Standard
Custom/Other
Wide
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Medium
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5 watt
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1 watt
> 200mW
< 200mW
Manufacturer
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Fans, blowers
• • •
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June 2007
Zetex
Making LED Lighting Solutions Simple™
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