Code Alarm | PC 7500 | Operator`s manual | Code Alarm PC 7500 Operator`s manual

Operator’s Manual
Model
Model 7500
7500
Digital Pulse Oximeter
0123
1
English
CAUTION: Federal law (USA) restricts this device to sale by or on the order of
a licensed practitioner.
Consult Instructions for Use.
NONIN® reserves the right to make changes and improvements to this
manual and the products it describes at any time, without notice or
obligation.
Nonin Medical, Inc.
13700 1st Avenue North
Plymouth, Minnesota 55441-5443
USA
+1 (763) 553-9968
(800) 356-8874 (USA and Canada)
Fax +1 (763) 553-7807
mail@nonin.com
www.nonin.com
EC
REP
Authorized EC Representative:
MPS, Medical Product Service GmbH
Borngasse 20
D-35619 Braunfels, Germany
References to “NONIN” in this manual shall imply Nonin Medical, Inc.
Nonin is a registered trademark of Nonin Medical, Inc.
© 2007 Nonin Medical, Inc.
5676-001-03
Contents
Guide to Symbols ......................................................................1
Indications for Use ....................................................................3
Contraindications ............................................................................ 3
Warnings ......................................................................................... 3
Cautions .......................................................................................... 4
Displays, Indicators and Controls ...........................................7
Operating the Model 7500 ......................................................10
Operating Modes and Defaults ..............................................11
Setup Mode, Viewing Limits and Setting Time ............................. 11
Factory Defaults ............................................................................ 11
User-Defined Defaults .................................................................. 12
Patient Security Mode ................................................................... 12
Operator Functions .................................................................14
Care and Maintenance ............................................................18
Cleaning the Model 7500 .............................................................. 18
Alarms and Limits ...................................................................19
High Priority Alarms ...................................................................... 19
Medium Priority Alarms ................................................................. 19
Watchdog Alarms ......................................................................... 19
Informational Tones ...................................................................... 19
Alarm Summary ............................................................................ 20
Reviewing and Setting Volume and Alarm Limits ................21
Silencing Alarms ........................................................................... 21
Recalling Previous Settings .......................................................... 22
Error Codes .................................................................................. 22
Memory and Data Output Features .......................................23
Serial Patient Data Output ............................................................ 23
Analog Output ............................................................................... 24
Memory Features .......................................................................... 25
Service, Support, and Warranty .............................................27
Warranty ....................................................................................... 28
Parts and Accessories ............................................................29
Troubleshooting ......................................................................31
Technical Information .............................................................34
Manufacturer’s Declaration ........................................................... 34
Equipment Response Time .......................................................... 38
Testing Summary .......................................................................... 39
Specifications ................................................................................ 40
i
1
Guide to Symbols
This table describes the symbols that are found on the Model 7500.
Detailed information about functional symbols can be found in “Operating
the Model 7500.”
Symbol
Description
Caution!
!
Consult instructions for use.
C
SSIFIE
LA
UL
D
C
Type BF Applied Part (Patient isolation from electrical shock).
US
0123
SN
UL Mark for Canada and the United States with respect to
electric shock, fire, and mechanical hazards only in accordance
with UL 60601-1 and CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 601.1.
CE Marking indicating conformance to EC directive No. 93/42/
EEC concerning medical devices.
Serial Number
Indicates separate collection for electrical and electronic
equipment (WEEE).
EC
REP
Authorized Representative in the European Community.
Lot Number
IPX2
%SpO2
Protected against vertically falling water drops when enclosure
is tilted up to 15 degrees, per IEC 60529.
%SpO2 display.
Pulse Rate Display.
Numeric LEDs
1
Symbol
Description
Alarm Bar LED.
Pulse Quality LED.
Sensor Alarm LED.
Pulse Strength Bargraph LED.
Alarm Silence LED.
AC Power Adapter LED.
Low Battery LED.
ON/STANDBY button.
Alarm Silence button.
Limits button.
Plus button.
Minus button.
Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation. Equipment includes
RF transmitters; interference may occur in the vicinity of
equipment marked with this symbol.
2
Indications for Use
The NONIN® Model 7500 Digital Pulse Oximeter is a portable, tabletop
device indicated for use in simultaneously measuring, displaying, and
recording functional oxygen saturation of arterial hemoglobin (SpO2) and
pulse rate of adult, pediatric, infant, and neonatal patients. It is intended
for spot-checking and/or continuous monitoring of patients during both
motion and no-motion conditions, and for patients who are well or poorly
perfused.
Contraindications
• Do not use this device in an MRI environment.
• Explosion Hazard: Do not use in an explosive atmosphere or in the presence
of flammable anesthetics or gasses.
• This device is not defibrillation proof per IEC 60601-1:1990 clause 17h.
Warnings
• This device is intended only as an adjunct device in patient assessment. It
must be used in conjunction with other methods of assessing clinical signs
and symptoms.
• Oximeter readings of this device may be affected by the use of an
electrosurgical unit (ESU).
• Use only NONIN-branded PureLight® pulse oximeter sensors. These
sensors are manufactured to meet the accuracy specifications for NONIN
pulse oximeters. Using other manufacturers’ sensors can result in improper
pulse oximeter performance.
• Do not use a damaged sensor.
• Do not use this device in or around water or any other liquid, with or without
AC power.
• As with all medical equipment, carefully route patient cables and connections
to reduce the possibility of entanglement or strangulation.
• Use this device only with power adapters supplied by Nonin Medical.
• This device turns off after approximately 30 minutes when in low battery
mode.
• This device should not be used adjacent to or stacked with other equipment.
If adjacent or stacked use is necessary, the device should be observed
carefully to verify normal operation.
• The battery pack must be installed at all times while the device is operating—
even when operating on AC power. Do NOT use the device without batteries.
3
Warnings (Continued)
• The use of accessories, sensors, and cables other than those listed in this
manual may result in increased electromagnetic emission and/or decreased
immunity of this device.
• To comply with relevant product safety standards, ensure that all alarm
volumes are set appropriately and are audible in all situations. Do not cover
or otherwise hinder any speaker openings.
• This device is a precision electronic instrument and must be repaired by
qualified technical professionals. Field repair of the device is not possible. Do
not attempt to open the case or repair the electronics. Opening the case may
damage the device and void the warranty.
!
Cautions
• This equipment complies with IEC 60601-1-2:2001 for electromagnetic
compatibility for medical electrical equipment and/or systems. This standard
is designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in
a typical medical installation. However, because of the proliferation of radiofrequency transmitting equipment and other sources of electrical noise in
healthcare and other environments, it is possible that high levels of such
interference due to close proximity or strength of a source might disrupt the
performance of this device. Medical electrical equipment needs special
precautions regarding EMC, and all equipment must be installed and put into
service according to the EMC information specified in this manual.
• Portable and mobile RF communications equipment can affect medical
electrical equipment.
• If this device fails to respond as described, discontinue use until the situation
is corrected by qualified technical professionals.
• The sensor might not work on cold extremities due to reduced circulation.
Warm or rub the finger to increase circulation, or reposition the sensor.
• Do not gas sterilize or autoclave this device.
• Batteries might leak or explode if used or disposed of improperly.
• This device has motion tolerant software that minimizes the likelihood of
motion artifact being misinterpreted as good pulse quality. In some
circumstances, however, the device may still interpret motion as good pulse
quality.
• Inspect the sensor application site at least every 6 to 8 hours to ensure
correct sensor alignment and skin integrity. Patient sensitivity to sensors
and/or double-backed adhesive strips may vary due to medical status or skin
condition.
• Do not place liquids on top of this device.
4
!
Cautions (Continued)
• Do not immerse this device or sensors in any liquids.
• Do not use caustic or abrasive cleaning agents on the unit or sensors.
• Follow local, state and national governing ordinances and recycling
instructions regarding disposal or recycling of the device and device
components, including batteries. Use only NONIN-approved battery packs.
• When using the 300PS-UNIV battery charger, ensure that the AC cord is
plugged into a grounded outlet.
• To prevent potential loss of monitoring, do not use ear clip or reflective
sensors on pediatric or neonatal patients.
• In compliance with the European Directive on Waste Electrical and
Electronic Equipment (WEEE) 2002/96/EC, do not dispose of this product as
unsorted municipal waste. This device contains WEEE materials; please
contact your distributor regarding take-back or recycling of the device. If you
are unsure how to reach your distributor, please call Nonin for your
distributor’s contact information.
• To prevent potential loss of monitoring or inaccurate data, remove any
objects that might hinder pulse detection and measurement (e.g., blood
pressure cuffs).
• Data is written in four-minute intervals—so if the entire memory is filled,
portions of the oldest record will be overwritten when a new record begins.
• This device is designed to determine the percentage of arterial oxygen
saturation of functional hemoglobin. Factors that may degrade pulse
oximeter performance or affect the accuracy of the measurement include the
following:
- excessive ambient light
- excessive motion
- electrosurgical interference
- blood flow restrictors (arterial catheters, blood pressure cuffs, infusion
lines, etc.)
- moisture in the sensor
- improperly applied sensor
- incorrect sensor type
- poor pulse quality
- venous pulsations
- anemia or low hemoglobin concentrations
- cardiogreen and other intravascular dyes
- carboxyhemoglobin
- methemoglobin
- dysfunctional hemoglobin
- artificial nails or fingernail polish
- a sensor not at heart level.
5
!
Cautions (Continued)
• A functional tester cannot be used to assess the accuracy of a pulse
oximeter monitor or sensor.
• All parts and accessories connected to the serial port of this device must be
certified according to at least IEC Standard EN 60950 or UL 1950 for dataprocessing equipment.
• Operation of this device below the minimum amplitude of 0.3% modulation
may cause inaccurate results.
6
Displays, Indicators and Controls
This section describes the displays, indicators, and controls for the
Model 7500.
On/Standby
Alarm
Silence
Sensor
Connector
%SpO2
Display
Pulse Rate
Display
Plus (+)
Minus (-)
Alarm
Bar
Speaker
Limits
%SpO2 Display
The %SpO2 display is located on the left-hand side of the Model 7500
front panel and is identified by the %SpO2 symbol. This display shows
blood oxygen saturation, from 0 to 100 percent. The numeric displays
blink during SpO2 alarm conditions. See “Specifications” for sensor
accuracy information.
Pulse Rate Display
The pulse rate display is located on the right-hand side of the Model 7500
front panel and is identified by the
symbol. This display shows the
pulse rate in beats per minute, from 18 to 321. The numeric displays blink
during pulse rate alarm conditions. See “Specifications” for sensor
accuracy information.
NOTE: LED means “light-emitting diode.”
7
Numeric LEDs
Green numeric LEDs display %SpO2 and pulse rate values. When
setting the device, these LEDs also display values for alarm limits,
volume, and date and time settings.
Indicators and Icons
Alarm Bar LED
This LED indicates all alarm conditions. For high priority
(patient) alarms, the indicator is displayed in red, blinking fast.
For medium priority alarms, the indicator is displayed in amber,
blinking slowly.
Pulse Quality LED
This amber LED blinks to indicate a poor pulse signal. If there is
a sustained period of poor quality signals, this LED will display a
steady, constant light.
Sensor Alarm LED
This amber LED indicates when a sensor has become
disconnected, has failed, or is not compatible with this monitor.
WARNING: Do not use a damaged sensor.
Pulse Strength Bargraph LED
This 8-segment tricolor bargraph indicates pulse strength as
determined by the oximeter. The height of the Pulse Strength
Bargraph LED is proportional to the pulse signal, and the color
is determined by pulse strength:
Green = a good pulse strength
Amber = a marginal pulse strength
Red
= a low pulse strength, high priority alarm
Alarm Silence LED
This amber LED indicates that the audible alarm is silenced for
two minutes when it blinks. When alarms are active, this LED
blinks in time with the alarm bar. If no alarms are active, this
LED flashes at the medium priority alarm rate. When lit solid,
the Alarm Silence LED indicates that audible alarm volumes are
set to less than 45 dB.
AC Power Adapter LED
This green LED is displayed when an external power supply is
providing power to the Model 7500.
8
Low Battery LED
This amber LED indicates a low battery charge when blinking,
and a critical battery charge when lit solidly. This LED does not
indicate that the Model 7500 is running on battery power.
WARNING: This device turns off after approximately 30 minutes when in
low battery mode.
Model 7500 Front Panel Buttons
ON/STANDBY Button
Pressing this button once turns on the Model 7500. Holding this
button for at least 1 second shuts down the 7500, putting it into
Standby mode. In Standby mode, all device functions are shut
off, with the following exceptions:
• The AC Power Adapter LED is lit whenever the device is
plugged in.
• Batteries are charged whenever the device is plugged in.
Momentarily pressing this button while the unit is on initiates an
event marker.
Alarm Silence Button
This button toggles alarms between silenced and audible.
Pressing the Alarm Silence button silences the alarm for two
minutes. Pressing it again (while alarms are silenced) returns
the alarms to their audible mode.
!
CAUTION: The two-minute alarm silence is automatically
engaged at startup.
Limits Button
This button displays the upper and lower limits for alarm
indications for SpO2 and heart rate measurements.
Pressing the Limits button allows users to access advanced
menu options, including adjusting alarm settings, alarm volume,
and date and time settings. All adjustments can be made using
the Plus (+) and Minus (-) buttons.
Plus (+) and Minus (-) Buttons
These buttons adjust values for many Model 7500 functions.
The Plus (+) and Minus (-) buttons are used to adjust time, date,
volume and upper and lower alarm limits, except in Patient
Security mode.
9
Operating the Model 7500
NOTES:
•
•
•
Before using the Model 7500, please review all contraindications, warnings
and cautions.
Before using the Model 7500, the battery must be charged for four (4) hours.
When the Model 7500 reaches critical battery, a medium priority alarm will
sound. To clear the alarm: charge the battery and turn the device off and back
on.
Press the ON/STANDBY button. When the unit is first turned on, the
Model 7500 performs a brief initialization sequence.
Verify that all LEDs illuminate and the unit beeps three times during the
first phase of the initialization sequence. If any LED is not lit (except the
AC Power Adapter LED), do not use the Model 7500. Contact NONIN
Customer Support for assistance.
To verify that the Model 7500 is functioning properly, it is important to
monitor SpO2 and pulse rate readings. Use the following procedure to
verify that the sensor is working properly.
1. Ensure that the Model 7500 is on, with the sensor connected.
2. Apply the pulse oximeter sensor (see sensor instructions for use).
3. Verify that a good SpO2 reading is displayed, that a pulse rate value
appears, and that the pulse strength bargraph LED is active.
..
WARNING: This device is intended only as an adjunct device in patient
assessment. It must be used in conjunction with other methods of
assessing clinical signs and symptoms.
WARNING: As with all medical equipment, carefully route patient cables
and connections to reduce the possibility of entanglement or
strangulation.
10
Operating Modes and Defaults
The Model 7500 features Setup mode, Factory Defaults, User-Defined
Defaults and Patient Security modes.
NOTE: Patient Security mode overrides any default settings.
Setup Mode, Viewing Limits and Setting Time
In Setup mode, users can adjust alarm limits and volumes, set clock and
calendar information and clear the device’s memory. Pressing the Limits
button activates Setup mode, and all adjustments can be made using the
Plus (+) or Minus (-) buttons. Setup mode is available when the device is
operating, or during the startup/initialization process. Time is set by
setting each of the last five options in setup mode: year, month, day, hour
and minute.
Setup mode is not available in Patient Security mode. In Patient Security
mode, pressing the Limits button scrolls through the limits on the displays,
allowing the operator to view the current limits. Pressing and holding the
Plus (+) button also reviews the limits, regardless of operating mode.
Factory Defaults
In Factory Defaults, all adjustable parameters are set as indicated in the
table below. This is the Model 7500’s default operating setting.
The Model 7500 is shipped with factory defaults active. To revert to
Factory Default alarm limits from the User-Defined Default alarm limits,
simultaneously press the alarm silence and minus (-) buttons.
NOTE: User-Defined Default values are lost when Factory Defaults are set
active.
Factory
Default
Adjustment
Options
SpO2 High Alarm Limit
Off
Off, 80-100
1%
SpO2 Low Alarm Limit
85%
Off, 50-95
1%
Pulse Rate High Alarm Limit
200 BPM
Off, 75-275
5 BPM
Pulse Rate Low Alarm Limit
50 BPM
Off, 30-110
5 BPM
High
Off, Low, High
N/A
Alarm Limit
Alarm Volume
Increment
Default alarm and volume settings are automatically selected for every
operating session in which the parameters were not recalled or changed
within the setup menu.
11
User-Defined Defaults
In User-Defined Defaults, alarm limit and volume settings must be
adjusted. To set the User-Defined Defaults, set the alarm limits, hold the
Alarm Silence button and then press the Limits button. This sets the UserDefined Defaults to be the same as the current alarm limits.
The Model 7500 recalls User-Defined Default settings at startup
whenever this option is selected. Once activated, User-Defined Defaults
have priority over Factory Defaults.
NOTE: All User-Defined Default settings are retained even when both external
and battery power are lost.
Patient Security Mode
Alarm limits cannot be changed when the Model 7500 is in Patient
Security mode. Patient Security mode prevents accidental changes to
critical parameters. The Model 7500 allows users to lock and unlock alarm
limits, volume settings, and time settings through the use of Patient
Security mode. Operators will notice several operating differences with
Patient Security mode:
• Default and other previous device settings cannot be recalled.
• Clock and calendar data cannot be changed.
• SpO2 and pulse rate alarm limits and volumes cannot be changed.
Pressing the Limits button allows the operator to review the limits.
• Patient memory cannot be cleared.
• To put the device into Standby mode, the ON/STANDBY button
must be held for at least 3 seconds.
• Memory playback not available.
Patient Security mode remains active even when the device is turned off
and then turned back on. Patient Security mode is retained even when
both external and battery power are lost.
NOTE: Turn on the device and verify Patient Security mode and settings after
initiating Patient Security mode.
12
When the Patient Security mode is enabled, operators cannot change
SpO2, or Pulse Rate limits or Alarm Volume—though it is still possible to
view those settings. In Patient Security mode, operators cannot view or
set the time and date.
When the Model 7500 is turned on in Patient Security mode, “SEC on”
is displayed in the display area, and three informational tones sound. The
upper alarm limits are then displayed, followed by the lower alarm limits.
NOTE: Patient memory cannot be cleared when the Model 7500 is in Patient
Security mode. In addition, Patient Security mode is not disabled when the unit is
turned off.
Viewing and Changing Patient Security Mode
To enter Patient Security mode, press and hold the Alarm Silence button
while turning on the device. To exit Patient Security mode, press and hold
the Alarm Silence and Limits buttons while turning on the device.
When the device is restarted, the Patient Security mode status is
displayed on the Numeric LEDs for 1 second:
• “SEC on” is displayed when Patient Security mode is enabled.
• “SEC oFF” is displayed when Patient Security mode is
disabled.
13
Operator Functions
The Model 7500 has several easy-to-use basic functions. Most involve
pressing only a single button.
Function
Button
Instruction
Turn the Model
7500 on and off.
Press the ON/STANDBY button to turn on
the Model 7500. Press and hold the
button for at least one second to turn off
the Model 7500. In Patient Security
mode, hold the ON/STANDBY button for
three seconds to turn off the Model 7500.
Initiate an event
marker.
Momentarily press the ON/STANDBY
button while the unit is on.
Mute the
audible alarms
(2 minutes).
Momentarily press the Alarm Silence
button.
Change Pulse
tone volume.
Momentarily press the Plus (+) button
while the unit is in operating mode. Press
again to sequence through volume
options for pulse tones.
Set alarm limits
or alarm
volumes, clear
memory or set
clock.
14
then
or
Momentarily press the Limits button to
step through the Limits menu. Use the
Plus or Minus buttons to adjust alarm
limits or selected volumes as desired.
When pressing Limits button, settings will
appear in the order shown in Table 1 on
page 15.
Table 1: Limits Display Sequence
Parameter
(SpO2)
Parameter
Display
Recall Alarm Settings
“rCL”
Low %SpO2 Alarm Limit
Pulse High Alarm Limit
Pulse Low Alarm Limit
High %SpO2 Alarm Limit
Alarm Volume
Clear Memory
Confirm Memory Clear
2,3
Initial
Setting
(Pulse Rate
Display)
Adjustment Range
“no”
“yES” or “no”
“85”
“Off”, 50 to 95 by 1
“HH”
2
“200”
“Off”, 75 to 275 by 5
“HL”
2
“02L”
“50”
“Off”, 30 to 110 by 5
“02H”
2
“Off”
“Off”, 80 to 100 by 1
“adb”
2
“Hi”
“Off” or “Lo” or “Hi”
“Clr”
1
“no”
“yES” or “no”
“del”
1
“no”
“yES” or “no”
Year
“y”
“00”
0 to 99 by 1
Month
“nn”
“00”
0 to 12 by 1
Day
“d”
“00”
1 to 31 by 1
Hour
“h”
“00”
0 to 23 by 1
Minutes
“nn”
“00”
0 to 59 by 1
Notes:
1) Both of these menu options are part of the memory clear command; “del” will be
displayed only if “yES” was selected as the setting for the “Clr” parameter.
2) These parameters are restored when Recall Alarm Settings is set to “yES.” these are
also the settings displayed by Review Alarm Settings.
3) The low SpO2 Alarm limit saved for recall cannot be lower than the current default for that
alarm limit. If it is, the default value will be used when alarm limits are restored.
15
The Model 7500 features a number of advanced options, which are
intentionally more difficult to activate. These functions are recommended
only for trained operators and they require multiple button presses to
prevent accidental activation.
Function
Button
Instruction
Recall Previous
Alarm Limit
Settings
Press the Limits button while the unit is on.
“rCL” appears, indicating that previous
alarm limit settings may be recalled. To
recall the settings, press the Plus button
and select “yES.” Press the Limits button
again to confirm.
Memory
Playback
Press and hold the Plus (+) button while
turning on the Model 7500. This functions
with the NONIN nVISION® software.
Select the Model 2500 option in nVISION
software (the Model 2500 option also
applies to the Model 7500FO).
+
NOTE: Alarm limits cannot be changed when the Model 7500 is in Patient
Security mode. Patient Security mode prevents accidental changes to critical
parameters. The Model 7500 allows users to lock and unlock alarm limits,
volume settings, and time settings
Enter Patient
Security Mode
To enter Patient Security mode, press and
hold the Alarm Silence button while turning
on the device.
+
Exit Patient
Security Mode
To exit Patient Security mode, press and
hold the Alarm Silence and Limits buttons
while turning on the device.
+
16
+
Function
Button
Instruction
Make Current
Alarm Values
User-defined
Defaults
To set the User-Defined Defaults to the
current alarm settings, hold the Alarm
Silence button and then press the Limits
button.
Revert to
Factory
Defaults
To revert to the factory defaults, from the
User-Defined Defaults alarm limits, hold
the alarm Silence button and then press
the Minus (-) button.
+
NOTE: User-defined default values will be
lost when factory defaults are made active.
T
!
CAUTION: Review all limits to ensure they are appropriate for the patient.
17
Care and Maintenance
The advanced digital circuitry within the pulse oximeter of the Model 7500
requires no calibration or periodic maintenance other than battery
replacement by qualified technical professionals.
Field repair of the Model 7500 circuitry is not possible. Do not attempt to
open the Model 7500 case or repair the electronics. Opening the case
may damage the Model 7500 and void the warranty. If the Model 7500 is
not functioning properly, see “Troubleshooting.”
!
CAUTION: Follow local, state and national governing ordinances and
recycling instructions regarding disposal or recycling of the device and
device components, including batteries. Use only NONIN-approved
battery packs. Batteries might leak or explode if used or disposed of
improperly.
Cleaning the Model 7500
Clean the Model 7500 with a soft cloth dampened with isopropyl alcohol,
mild detergent, or a 10% bleach (5.25% sodium hypochlorite) with water
solution. Do not pour or spray any liquids onto the Model 7500, and do not
allow any liquid to enter any openings in the device. Allow the unit to dry
thoroughly before reusing it.
.
WARNING: Do not use this device in or around water or any other liquid,
with or without AC power.
!
CAUTION: Do not immerse this device in liquid, and do not use caustic or
abrasive cleaning agents on the device. Do not gas sterilize or autoclave
this device. Do not place liquids on top of this device.
Clean the Model 7500 separately from its associated sensors. For
instructions regarding cleaning pulse oximeter sensors, refer to the
appropriate pulse oximeter sensor package inserts.
18
Alarms and Limits
The Model 7500 is equipped with audio and visual alarm indicators to alert
the operator to provide immediate patient attention or to abnormal device
conditions.
High Priority Alarms
High priority alarms require immediate attention to the patient. They
include SpO2, pulse rate, and low perfusion alarms. On the Model 7500,
high priority alarms are indicated by a rapidly blinking red Alarm Bar LED
when the value is equal to or greater than the alarm limit. In addition, the
pulse strength bargraph LED illuminates a red segment to indicate low
perfusion.
High priority alarms are sounded as follows: three beeps, pause, two
beeps and a 10 second pause.
Medium Priority Alarms
Medium priority alarms signal potential problems with the equipment or
other non-life-threatening situations. On the Model 7500, medium priority
alarms are indicated with a slowly blinking amber Alarm Bar LED.
Medium priority alarms are illuminated amber on the Alarm Bar LED and
on the appropriate indicator(s) or numeric displays, sometimes displaying
an error code to help the user identify the source of the error.
Medium priority alarms are sounded as three beeps and a 25-second
pause.
Watchdog Alarms
Watchdog alarms are loud, two-tone, steadily beeping signals that
indicate a hardware or software malfunction. When a watchdog alarm is
activated, it can be cleared by shutting down the Model 7500. If the
watchdog alarm cannot be cleared, remove power and contact your
distributor or NONIN Customer Support.
Informational Tones
Informational tones communicate important information. They are
typically single beeps or a series of three beeps. Informational tones
include the startup/initialization tone and the pulse rate tone (which
changes in pitch with SpO2 values: higher tones for higher SpO2, and
lower tones for lower SpO2).
19
Alarm Summary
The Model 7500 detects both patient and equipment alarms. In general,
patient alarms are identified as high priority, while equipment alarms are
identified as medium priority. High priority alarms always take priority over
medium priority alarms. Alarm indicators remain active for as long as the
alarm condition is present.
Patient Alarms
If patient SpO2 or pulse readings are equal to or above the upper alarm
limit, or if they are equal to or below the lower alarm limit, the device will
signal a high priority alarm, indicated by numeric LEDs flashing in sync
with the red Alarm Bar LED.
Factory
Default
Adjustment
Options
Increment
SpO2 High Alarm Limit
Off
Off, 80-100
1%
SpO2 Low Alarm Limit
85%
Off, 50-95
1%
200 BPM
Off, 75-275
5 BPM
50 BPM
Off, 30-110
5 BPM
Alarm Description
Pulse Rate High Alarm Limit
Pulse Rate Low Alarm Limit
Low Perfusion Alarm
Red segment on Pulse Strength Bargraph
indicates low patient perfusion.
Equipment Alarms
Alarm Description
Visual Indicator
Low Battery Alarm
Battery LED blinks in sync with Alarm Bar LED. This
alarm signifies that the battery has less than 30
minutes of normal operation. When Critical Low
Battery is reached, the device’s oximetry functions
are disabled.
Sensor Alarm
Sensor Alarm LED blinks in sync with Alarm Bar
LED. This alarm signifies a sensor alarm,
disconnect, or fault.
Other Equipment Alarms Error code appears in main display area.
20
Reviewing and Setting Volume and
Alarm Limits
NOTE: Alarm limits reset themselves to default values each time the unit is
powered up—unless the unit is in Patient Security mode. In Patient Security
mode, alarm limits and volumes cannot be adjusted; they can only be viewed.
WARNING: To comply with relevant product safety standards, ensure that
all alarm volumes are set appropriately and are audible in all situations. Do
not cover or otherwise hinder any speaker openings.
Reviewing, Setting, or Changing Volumes and
Alarm Limits
1. Ensure that the device is on.
2. Press the Limits button until the limit you want to view or change is
displayed.
• The current limit appears in the %SpO2 display.
• The current setting appears in the pulse rate display.
• Continue to press the Limits button until the limit you want to
change is displayed.
3. To change the displayed value, press the Plus (+) or Minus (-) buttons
as desired.
4. Continue to press the Limits button until the unit returns to normal
operation.
!
CAUTION: Review all limits to ensure they are appropriate for the patient.
Silencing Alarms
Press the Alarm Silence button to silence alarms for two minutes. The
Alarm Silence LED blinks at the medium priority alarm rate while alarms
are temporarily silenced. If alarms are silenced during active alarm
conditions, the Alarm Silence LED blinks in time with the alarm bar.
The Alarm Silence LED will be lit solidly when the alarm volume is set to
less than 45 dB. Audible indicators can be turned off in the Limits menu,
by selecting “Off” in the corresponding Alarm Volume menu option.
21
Recalling Previous Settings
The digital pulse oximeter includes a feature that allows recall of the
operator-adjusted settings in use when the device was last turned off. The
following settings are recalled when this feature is activated:
• SpO2 high and low alarm limits
• Pulse rate high and low alarm limits
• Alarm volume settings
Previous operator-adjusted settings can be recalled by pressing the
Limits button while the unit is on. “rCL” appears, indicating that previous
alarm limit settings may be recalled. To recall the settings, press the Plus
button and select “yES.” Press the Limits button again to accept the
recall and return to normal operation.
!
CAUTION: Review all limits to ensure they are appropriate for the patient.
NOTE: The recalled value for the SpO2 low alarm will not be less than the current
default.
Error Codes
This device includes error codes that indicate problems with the unit. Error
codes are indicated by “Err” in the %SpO2 display, and a capital “E”
followed by a 2-digit code in the pulse rate display. To correct error
conditions, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the unit off and then back on again to remove the error code.
2. If the error persists, disconnect all power, and then reconnect the
power and turn the unit back on.
If the error still persists, note the error code and contact Nonin Customer
Support at (800) 356-8874 (USA and Canada) or +1 (763) 553-9968
22
Memory and Data Output Features
The Model 7500 provides real-time (serial) patient data output, as well as
analog output signals for SpO2, pulse rate, and event markers.
Serial Patient Data Output
This device features real-time data output capabilities. The serial format
includes an ASCII header containing model number, time, and date
information.
The device provides real-time data output capability via the serial
connector port. The 7500 SC cable, available from NONIN, may be used
to connect the Model 7500 to the receiving computer. The information
from the Model 7500 is sent in an ASCII serial format at 9600 baud with 8
data bits, 1 start bit, and 2 stop bits. Each line is terminated by CR/LF.
Data from the device are sent once per second in the following format:
SPO2=XXX HR=YYY
NOTE: Pressing the ON/STANDBY button will insert a “*” at the end of the
corresponding printed line to serve as an event marker.
Pin Number
Pin Assignment
1
Analog Output, SpO2
2
No Connect
3
Serial Data Output
4
Analog Output, Pulse Rate
5
Ground
6
No Connect
7
Event Marker
8
No Connect
9
No Connect
23
Analog Output
The Model 7500 provides analog output signals for SpO2, pulse rate, and
event markers. Each output level conforms to the specifications shown
below:
Output
Specification
SpO2 Output Analog Range
0 - 1.0 VDC (representing 0-100%)
Pulse Rate Output Analog Range
0 - 1.0 VDC (representing 0-300 BPM)
1.27 VDC (out of track)
Event Marker
0 VDC or 1.0 VDC nominal (representing
an event).
1.27 VDC (out of track)
Event marker high for SpO2 less than low
alarm limit.
Analog Output Load Current
2 mA maximum
%SpO2 Analog Output Accuracy
±2%
Pulse Rate Analog Output Accuracy ±5%
Analog Output Calibration
Analog calibration signals that allow external device calibration are
provided after initial power up, and continue until the Model 7500 begins
tracking SpO2 and pulse rate readings. The calibration routine ends when
the system begins tracking signals. The calibration signal sequence is as
follows:
Time Interval
Analog Signal
30 seconds
1.0 VDC
30 seconds
0.0 VDC
1 second
0.1 VDC
1 second
0.2 VDC
1 second
0.3 VDC
1 second
0.4 VDC
1 second
0.5 VDC
1 second
0.6 VDC
1 second
0.7 VDC
1 second
0.8 VDC
1 second
0.9 VDC
1 second
1.0 VDC
1 second
1.27 VDC
Repeat
24
Memory Features
The Model 7500 can collect and store 70 hours of continuous SpO2 and
pulse rate information.
Data may be played back with data retrieval software (NONIN’s nVISION
software is recommended). If you wish to create your own software,
contact NONIN for the data format.
The memory in the Model 7500 functions much like an “endless loop”
tape. When the memory is full, the unit begins overwriting the oldest data
with new data.
!
CAUTION: Data is written in four-minute intervals—so if the entire
memory is filled, portions of the oldest record will be overwritten when a
new record begins.
Each time the Model 7500 is turned on, the current time/date information
(if the clock is set properly) is stored in memory, starting a new recording
session. Only recording sessions greater than one minute in length are
stored in memory.
Patient SpO2 and pulse rate are sampled every second. Every 4 seconds,
the extreme value of the 4-second sample period is stored. Oxygen
saturation values are stored in 1% increments in the range of 0 to 100%.
The stored pulse rate ranges from 18 to 300 pulses per minute. The
stored values are in increments of one pulse per minute in the interval
from 18 to 200 pulses per minute, and in increments of 2 pulses per
minute in the interval from 201 to 300 pulses per minute.
Patient data is retained even when both external and battery power are
lost.
Clearing Patient Memory
Patient memory can be cleared using the Model 7500’s Setup mode.
Press the Limits button to enter Setup mode, and use the Limits button
again to scroll through the device’s options until Memory Clear is
displayed. Select “Yes” or “No” using the Plus (+) or Minus (-) buttons to
clear patient memory, and then confirm your selection using the Limits
button.
25
Playing Back Memory Data
The Model 7500 has a Memory Playback feature, allowing stored data to
be output through an external serial connection. Playing back the data
does not clear the data from memory.
1. With the unit off, connect the serial connector port of the Model 7500
to the back of your computer using the 7500 SC cable, which is
available from NONIN.
2. Press and hold the Plus (+) button while briefly pressing the
ON/STANDBY button.
3. Release the Plus (+) button. Playback mode will be shown on the
SpO2 and Pulse Rate displays until memory playback is completed.
4. When Memory Playback is complete, the device will return to normal
operation.
NOTES:
•
•
•
Patient memory cannot be cleared when the Model 7500 is in Patient Security
mode.
If using nVISION software, select “Model 2500” for model type (the Model 2500
option also applies to the Model 7500).
E07 is an error code which occurs during memory playback and signifies that
the unit cannot guarantee the accuracy of all patient data in memory. Clear the
device memory to ensure any inaccurate data is deleted. If the error continues
to occur on memory playback, call Nonin Customer Support.
26
Service, Support, and Warranty
A return authorization number is required before returning any product to
NONIN. To obtain this return authorization number, contact NONIN
Customer Support:
Nonin Medical, Inc.
13700 1st Avenue North
Plymouth, Minnesota 55441-5443 USA
(800) 356-8874 (USA and Canada)
+1 (763) 553-9968 (outside USA & Canada)
Fax +1 (763) 553-7807
E-mail: mail@nonin.com
www.nonin.com
WARNING: This device is a precision electronic instrument and must be
repaired by qualified technical professionals. Field repair of the device is
not possible. Do not attempt to open the case or repair the electronics.
Opening the case may damage the device and void the warranty.
27
Warranty
NONIN MEDICAL, INCORPORATED, (NONIN) warrants to the
purchaser, for a period of one year from the date of purchase, each Model
7500 battery pack. NONIN warrants the pulse oximetry module of the
Model 7500 for a period of three years from the date of purchase.
Extended warranties are available on most NONIN pulse oximeter
models. Please consult your local NONIN distributor for additional
information.
NONIN shall repair or replace any Model 7500 found to be defective in
accordance with this warranty, free of charge, for which NONIN has been
notified by the purchaser by serial number that there is a defect, provided
said notification occurs within the applicable warranty period. This
warranty shall be the sole and exclusive remedy by the purchaser
hereunder for any Model 7500 delivered to the purchaser which is found
to be defective in any manner, whether such remedies be in contract, tort,
or by law.
This warranty excludes cost of delivery to and from NONIN. All repaired
units shall be received by the purchaser at NONIN's place of business.
NONIN reserves the right to charge a fee for a warranty repair request on
any Model 7500 that is found to be within specifications.
The Model 7500 is a precision electronic instrument and must be repaired
by qualified technical professionals. Accordingly, any sign or evidence of
opening the Model 7500, field service by non-authorized personnel,
tampering, or any kind of misuse or abuse of the Model 7500, shall void
the warranty in its entirety. All non-warranty work shall be done according
to NONIN standard rates and charges in effect at the time of delivery to
NONIN.
DISCLAIMER/EXCLUSIVITY OF WARRANTY:
THE EXPRESS WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS MANUAL ARE
EXCLUSIVE AND NO OTHER WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND,
WHETHER STATUTORY, WRITTEN, ORAL, OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR
MERCHANTABILITY, SHALL APPLY.
28
Parts and Accessories
The following NONIN accessories function with the Model 7500. Detailed
information regarding specified sensor use (patient population, body/
tissue, and application) can be found in the respective sensor instructions.
Model Number
7500B
Description
Battery Pack
7500 Manual
Operator’s Manual for the Model 7500
300PS-UNIV
Battery Charger, Universal Desktop with IEC320 Connector
*
Cord Set, Charger (must not exceed 2 meters)
Pulse Oximeter Reusable Sensors
8000AA-1
Adult Articulated Finger Clip Sensor (1 meter)
8000AA-2
Adult Articulated Finger Clip Sensor (2 meters)
8000AA-3
Adult Articulated Finger Clip Sensor (3 meters)
8000AP-1
Pediatric Finger Clip Sensor (1 meter)
8000AP-3
Pediatric Finger Clip Sensor (3 meters)
8000J
Adult Flex Sensor (1 meter)
8000J-3
Adult Flex Sensor (3 meters)
8008J
Infant Flex Sensor
8001J
Neonatal Flex Sensor
8000Q
Ear Clip Sensor
8000R
Reflectance Sensor
8000SL
Reusable Pulse Oximeter Sensor (Large)
8000SM
Reusable Pulse Oximeter Sensor (Medium)
8000SS
Reusable Pulse Oximeter Sensor (Small)
Pulse Oximeter Disposable Sensors
6000A
Disposable Pulse Oximeter Sensor (Adult)
6000N
Disposable Pulse Oximeter Sensor (Neonatal)
6000P
Disposable Pulse Oximeter Sensor (Pediatric)
6000I
Disposable Pulse Oximeter Sensor (Infant)
7000A
Adult Finger Flexi-Form II Sensor, 10 per box
7000P
Pediatric Finger Flexi-Form II Sensor, 10 per box
7000I
Infant Toe Flexi-Form II Sensor, 10 per box
7000N
Neonatal Foot Flexi-Form II Sensor, 10 per box
7000D
Flexi-Form II Sensor Assortment Pack, 10 per box
* Contact your distributor or NONIN for options.
29
Model Number
Description
External Cables
UNI-RA-0
UNI-EXT-X
7500 SC
7500A
7.25” 90-degree patient cable
Patient Extension Cable (select 1, 3, 6, or 9 meters)
7500 serial output cable
7500 analog output cable (unterminated)
Sensor Accessories
8000JFW
Adult FlexiWrap Sensor Wrap
8008JFW
Infant FlexiWrap Sensor Wrap
8001JFW
Neonatal FlexiWrap Sensor Wrap
8000H
Reflectance Sensor Holder System
8000S
Patient Simulator
Other Accessories
nVISION
nVISION software for Microsoft Windows 95/98/2000/NT 4.0/
XP operating systems
Avant RS
Rolling Stand; available in standard or deluxe
Avant PC
Pole Mount Clamp
For more information about NONIN parts and accessories, contact your
distributor, or contact NONIN at (800) 356-8874 (USA and Canada) or
(763) 553-9968. This information is also available on NONIN’s website:
www.nonin.com.
CAUTION: Use the Model 7500 only with power adapters supplied by Nonin
!
Medical. When using the 300PS-UNIV battery charger, ensure that the AC
cord is plugged into a grounded outlet.
WARNING: The use of accessories, sensors, and cables other than those
listed in this manual may result in increased electromagnetic emission
and/or decreased immunity of this device.
WARNING: Use only NONIN-branded PureLight pulse oximeter sensors.
These sensors are manufactured to meet the accuracy specifications for
NONIN pulse oximeters. Using other manufacturers’ sensors can result in
improper pulse oximeter performance.
30
Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Cause
Possible Solution
Model 7500 will
not activate.
The unit has no power. Plug in the AC adapter.
Model 7500 will
not operate on
batteries.
The battery pack is not Plug in the Model 7500 AC Adapter
charged.
to charge the battery pack.
The battery pack is
inoperable.
Contact NONIN Customer Support
for repair or replacement.
Unable to obtain a
green pulse
display on the
bargraph.
The patient pulse
strength is
indiscernable or
perfused poorly.
Reposition the finger or insert a
different finger, and keep the
sensor motionless for at least 10
seconds.
Warm the patient’s finger by
rubbing or covering with a blanket.
Position the sensor at a different
site.
NOTE: In some
instances, patient
perfusion may be
inadequate for
pulse detection.
Circulation is reduced
because of excess
pressure on the
sensor (between the
sensor and a hard
surface) after inserting
finger.
Allow the hand to rest comfortably
without squeezing or pressing the
sensor on a hard surface.
The finger is cold.
Warm the patient’s finger by
rubbing or covering with a blanket.
Position the sensor at a different
site.
31
Problem
Possible Cause
Unable to obtain a
green pulse
display on the
bargraph, cont’d.
The sensor is applied
incorrectly.
Possible Solution
Apply the sensor correctly.
There is possible
interference from one
of the following
sources:
•
•
•
•
Reduce or eliminate any
interference. Make sure that the
sensor is not placed on the same
arm being used for other patient
therapies or diagnostics (e.g.,
arterial catheter
blood pressure cuff blood pressure cuff).
electrosurgical
procedure
infusion line
The red LED is not lit
in the sensor’s finger
insertion area.
Ensure the sensor is securely
attached to the Model 7500.
Check the sensor for any visible
signs of deterioration.
Contact NONIN Customer
Support.
Frequent or
steady pulse
quality indication.
There is excessive
ambient light.
Shield the sensor from the light
source.
The Model 7500 is
applied to a polished
or artificial fingernail.
Apply the sensor to a finger without
artificial or polished nails.
The red LED is not lit
in the sensor’s finger
insertion area.
Ensure the sensor is securely
attached to the Model 7500.
Position the sensor at a different
site.
Check the sensor for any visible
signs of deterioration.
Contact NONIN Customer
Support.
Excessive patient
motion.
32
Reduce patient motion.
Problem
Possible Cause
Possible Solution
Reposition finger or insert a
A dash (-) appears An inadequate signal
from the finger is being different finger, keeping sensor
in the %SpO2
detected.
motionless for at least 10 seconds.
display.
Position sensor at different site.
The finger was
removed from the
sensor.
Reinsert the finger and keep the
sensor motionless for at least 10
seconds.
The Model 7500 is not
functioning.
Turn the unit off, check all
connections, and retry.
Contact NONIN Customer
Support.
An error code
appears in the
display area.
The Model 7500
encountered an error.
Turn the unit off and then back on
again to remove the error code.
If the error persists, disconnect all
power, and then reconnect the
power and turn the unit back on.
If the error still persists, note the
error code and contact NONIN
Customer Support.
The unit is in
Alarm mode, but
no audible alarms
can be heard.
The 2-minute Alarm
Silence button is
activated.
Press the Alarm Silence button to
re-engage alarm volume, or wait
for two minutes. After two minutes,
alarm tones will automatically reengage.
Audible volume set to Adjust volume through setup mode
“oFF” in alarm limits.
The Model 7500
does not record
data.
The battery is low.
Recharge the battery.
The battery is missing. Contact your distributor or NONIN
Customer Support for repair or
replacement.
If these solutions do not correct the problem, please contact NONIN
Customer Support at (800) 356-8874 (USA and Canada) or
+1 (763) 553-9968.
33
Technical Information
NOTE: This product complies with ISO 10993, Biological Evaluation of Medical
Devices Part 1: Evaluation and Testing.
!
CAUTION: A functional tester cannot be used to assess the accuracy of
a pulse oximeter monitor or sensor.
!
CAUTION: All parts and accessories connected to the serial port of this
device must be certified according to at least IEC Standard EN 60950 or
UL 1950 for data-processing equipment.
!
CAUTION: Portable and mobile RF communications equipment can
affect medical electrical equipment.
Manufacturer’s Declaration
Refer to the following table for specific information regarding this device’s
compliance to IEC 60601-1-2.
Table 2: Electromagnetic Emissions
Emissions Test
Compliance
Electromagnetic
Environment—Guidance
This device is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below.
The user of this device should ensure that it is used in such an environment.
RF Emissions
CISPR 11
Group 1
This device uses RF energy only for its
internal function. Therefore, its RF
emissions are very low and are not
likely to cause any interference in
nearby electronic equipment.
RF Emissions
CISPR 11
Class B
This device is suitable for use in all
establishments, including domestic
and those directly connected to the
public low-voltage power supply
network that supplies buildings used
for domestic purposes.
Harmonic Emissions
IEC 61000-3-2
N/A
Voltage Fluctuations/
Flicker Emissions
IEC 61000-3-3
N/A
34
Table 3: Electromagnetic Immunity
Immunity Test
IEC 60601 Test
Level
Compliance
Level
Electromagnetic
Environment—
Guidance
This device is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below.
The user of this device should ensure that it is used in such an environment.
Electrostatic
Discharge (ESD)
IEC 61000-4-2
±6 kV contact
±8 kV air
±6 kV contact
±8 kV air
Floors should be wood,
concrete, or ceramic tile.
If floors are covered with
synthetic material, the
relative humidity should
be at least 30%.
Electrical Fast
Transient/Burst
IEC 61000-4-4
±2 kV for power
supply lines
±1 kV for input/
output lines
±2 kV for power
supply lines
±1 kV for input/
output lines
Mains power quality
should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital
environment.
Surge
IEC 61000-4-5
±1 kV differential
mode
±2 kV common
mode
±1 kV differential
mode
±2 kV common
mode
Mains power quality
should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital
environment.
Voltage dips,
short
interruptions, and
voltage
variations on
power supply
input lines
IEC 61000-4-11
±5% UT
(>95% dip in UT)
for 0.5 cycle
±5% UT
(>95% dip in UT)
for 0.5 cycle
±40% UT
(60% dip in UT)
for 5 cycles
±40% UT
(60% dip in UT)
for 5 cycles
±70% UT
(30% dip in UT)
for 25 cycles
±70% UT
(30% dip in UT)
for 25 cycles
<5% UT
(>95% dip in UT)
for 5 sec.
<5% UT
(>95% dip in UT)
for 5 sec.
Mains power quality
should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital
environment. If the user of
the device requires
continued operation
during power mains
interruptions, it is
recommended that the
device be powered from
an uninterruptible power
supply or battery pack.
3 A/m
3 A/m
Power
Frequency
(50/60 Hz)
Magnetic Field
IEC 61000-4-8
Power frequency
magnetic fields should be
at levels characteristic of
a typical location in a
typical commercial or
hospital environment.
Note: UT is the AC mains voltage before application of the test level.
35
Table 4: Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration—
Electromagnetic Immunity
Immunity
Test
IEC 60601 Compliance
Test Level
Level
Electromagnetic
Environment—Guidance
This device is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below.
The user of this device should ensure that it is used in such an environment.
Portable and mobile RF communications equipment should be used no closer to any part of
the device, including cables, than the recommended separation distance calculated from the
equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter.
Recommended Separation Distance
Conducted RF 3 Vrms
IEC 61000-4-6 150 kHz to
80 MHz
3V
Radiated RF
3 V/m
IEC 61000-4-3 80 MHz to
2.5 GHz
3 V/m
d = 1.17 P
d = 1.17 P
80 MHz to 800MHz
d = 2.33 P
800MHz to 2.5 GHz
where P is the maximum output power rating
of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the
transmitter manufacturer and d is the
recommended separation distance in meters
(m).
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as
determined by an electromagnetic site
surveya, should be less than the compliance
level in each frequency range.b
Interference may occur in the vicinity of
equipment marked with the following symbol:
NOTES:
• At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
• These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected
by absorption and reflection from structures, objects, and people.
a. Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular/
cordless) telephones and land mobile radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio
broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy.
To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an
electromagnetic site survey should be considered. If the measured field
strength in the location in which the device is used exceeds the applicable RF
compliance level above, the device should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is observed, additional measures may be necessary, such as reorienting or relocating the device.
b. Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less
than [3]V/m.
36
Table 5: Recommended Separation Distances
This table details the recommended separation distances between portable and
mobile RF communications equipment and this device.
This device is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which
radiated RF disturbances are controlled. Users of this device can help prevent
electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance between
portable and mobile RF communication equipment (transmitters) and the device
as recommended below, according to maximum output power of the
communications equipment.
Separation Distance According to
Frequency of Transmitter
Rated Maximum
Output Power of
Transmitter W
150 kHz to
80 MHz
80 MHz to
800 MHz
d = 1.17 P
d = 1.17 P
0.01
0.12
0.12
0.23
0.1
0.37
0.37
0.74
1
1.2
1.2
2.3
10
3.7
3.7
7.4
100
12
12
23
800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
d = 2.33 P
For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the
recommended separation distance d in meters (m) can be estimated using the
equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P is the maximum
output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter
manufacturer.
NOTES:
• At 80 MHz and 800MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency
range applies.
• These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation
is affected by absorption and reflection from structures, objects, and people.
37
Equipment Response Time
SpO2 Values
Standard/Fast Averaged SpO2
Response
Latency
4 beat exponential
2 beats
Response
Latency
4 beat exponential
2 beats
Pulse Rate Values
Standard/Fast Averaged Pulse Rate
Example - SpO2 Exponential Averaging
SpO2 decreases 0.75% per second (7.5% over 10 seconds)
Pulse Rate = 75 BPM
SaO2 Reference
4 Beat Average
100
95
90
SpO2
85
80
75
70
65
• The response of the 4-beat average is 1.5 seconds.
38
80.0
Specific to this example:
72.0
Time in seconds
64.0
56.0
48.0
40.0
32.0
24.0
16.0
8.0
0.0
60
Testing Summary
SpO2 accuracy, motion, and low perfusion testing were conducted by
Nonin Medical, Inc., as described below:
SpO2 Accuracy Testing
SpO2 accuracy testing is conducted during induced hypoxia studies on
healthy, non-smoking, light- to dark-skinned subjects during motion and
no-motion conditions in an independent research laboratory. The
measured arterial hemoglobin saturation value (SpO2) of the sensors is
compared to arterial hemoglobin oxygen (SaO2) value, determined from
blood samples with a laboratory co-oximeter. The accuracy of the sensors
in comparison to the co-oximeter samples measured over the SpO2 range
of 70 - 100%. Accuracy data is calculated using the root-mean-squared
(Arms value) for all subjects, per ISO 9919:2005, Medical Electrical
Equipment—Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential
performance of pulse oximeter equipment for medical use.
Pulse Rate Motion Testing
This test measures pulse rate oximeter accuracy with motion artifact
simulation introduced by a pulse oximeter tester. This test determines
whether the oximeter meets the criteria of ISO 9919:2005 for pulse rate
during simulated movement, tremor, and spike motions.
Low Perfusion Testing
This test uses an SpO2 Simulator to provide a simulated pulse rate, with
adjustable amplitude settings at various SpO2 levels for the oximeter to
read. The oximeter must maintain accuracy in accordance with
ISO 9919:2005 for heart rate and SpO2 at the lowest obtainable pulse
amplitude (0.3% modulation).
39
Specifications
Oxygen Saturation Display Range:
0 to 100% SpO2
18 to 321 pulses per minute (BPM)
Pulse Rate Display Range
Displays:
Pulse Quality:
Sensor Alarm:
Pulse Strength Bargraph:
Alarm Indicator:
Alarm Silenced:
Numeric Displays:
Low Battery:
LED, amber
LED, amber
LED, bargraph, tri-color segments
LED, bi-color
LED, amber
3-digit, 7-segment LEDs, green
LED, amber
70-100%
SpO2 Accuracy (Arms)a:
Adults/
Pediatrics
Neonates
Finger Clip:
Flex:
Soft Sensor:
Reflectance:
±2 digits
±2 digits
±2 digits
±2 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
N/A
N/A
Ear Clip Sensorb:
Disposable:
6000 Series:
7000 Series:
±4 digits
±2 digits
±3 digits
N/A
±3 digits
±4 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±4 digits
NO MOTION
Reusable:
MOTION
Reusable:
Pulse Rate Accuracy (Arms)a:
Finger Clip:
Soft Sensor:
18 to 300 BPM (no motion)
40 to 240 BPM (motion)
40 to 240 BPM (low perfusion)
Adults/
Pediatrics
Neonates
Finger Clip:
Flex:
Soft Sensor:
Reflectance:
6000 Series:
7000 Series:
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
Finger Clip:
Soft Sensor:
±5 digits
±5 digits
±5 digits
±5 digits
NO MOTION
Reusable:
Disposable:
MOTION
Reusable:
a.) ±1 Arms represents approximately 68% of measurements.
b.) Ear Clip Sensor for use on Adults only.
40
LOW PERFUSION
Reusable:
Disposable:
Finger Clip:
Flex:
Soft Sensor:
Reflectance:
6000 Series:
7000 Series:
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
±3 digits
Alarm Volume:
High:
75dBA
Informational Tone Volume:
Low:
High:
64dBA
67dBA
Low:
55dBA
Measurement Wavelengths and Output Power:c
Red: 660 nm @ 0.8 mW maximum average power
Infrared: 910 nm @ 1.2 mW maximum average power
Memory
70 hours (assuming continuous operation)
Temperature (Operating):
0º to +40º C (32º F to 104º F)
Temperature (Storage/Transportation):
Humidity (Operating):
Humidity (Storage/Transportation):
Altitude (Operating):
Hyperbaric Pressure
Power Requirements (Mains)
-30º to +50º C (-22º F to 122º F)
10 to 90% noncondensing
10 to 95% noncondensing
Up to 12,000 meters (40,000 feet)
Up to 4 atmospheres
100-240 VAC 50-60 Hz
Internal Power
Battery:
Operating Life (fully charged
battery):
Storage Life:
Recharge Rate:
7.2 volt NiMH battery pack
16 hours minimum
21 days minimum
4 hours maximum
Dimensions
Approximately 219 mm (8.6”) W x 92 mm (3.6”)
H x 142 mm (5.6”) D
Weight
Approximately 900 grams (2 lbs) with battery
Warranty
3 years
Classification per IEC 60601-1/CSA601.1/UL60601-1 30EM:
Type of Protection: Internally powered (on battery power)
Degree of Protection: Type BF-Applied Part
Mode of Operation: Continuous
Enclosure Degree of Ingress Protection: IPX2
c.) This information is especially useful for clinicians performing photodynamic therapy.
41
Analog Outputs:
SpO2 Output Range: 0-1 VDC (0-100% SpO2,
1.27 VDC (out of track)
Pulse Rate Output Range: 0-1 VDC (0-300 BPM),
1.27 VDC (out of track)
Event Maker: 0 V (no event), 1 V (event occurred)
Accuracy: ±2% (SpO2), ±5% (Pulse Rate)
Load Current: 2 mA maximum
42
Download PDF