Safety Guide DOC.SG.BRPE.EN Rev. 1 November 2015 BETTIS RPE Series Rack and Pinion Pneumatic Actuators November 2015 Safety Guide ANSI 534.6 Safety messages WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. CAUTION Indicates a hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. Note/Important Indicates information considered important, but not hazard-related Contents 1. Safety Instructions.......................................3 2. In General....................................................3 3. BETTIS RPE series actuators..........................5 2 4. Actuator accessories....................................8 5. Instructions for use in (potential) explosive area’s............................................8 November 2015 Safety Guide 1. Safety Instructions Please read these safety warnings, cautions, and instructions carefully before using the product. These instructions cannot cover every installation and situation. Do not install, operate, or maintain this product without being fully trained and qualified in valve, actuator, and accessory installation, operation, and maintenance. To avoid personal injury or property damage, it is important to carefully read, understand, and follow all of the contents of the associated instruction manual, including all safety cautions and warnings. If you have any questions concerning installation, or use of this product, contact your Emerson Process Management sales office before proceeding. 2. In General 2.1 General intend use The BETTIS™ RPE Rack and Pinion actuators are intended for the automation and operation of quarter-turn valves like Butterfly-, Ball- and Plug valves. Rack and Pinion actuators can also be used to operate venting louvers or any other quarter-turn applications. This product was intended for a specific range of service conditions: pressure, ambient temperature, operating media, and possibly other specifications. Do not expose the product to service conditions or variables other than those for which the product was intended. If you are not sure what these conditions or variables are, contact your Emerson Process Management sales office for assistance. Provide the product type, size, serial number and all other pertinent information that you have available. 3 Safety Guide November 2015 2.2 Inspection and Maintenance Schedules The Bettis RPE Rack and Pinion actuators must be inspected periodically and maintained as needed. Refer to the maintenance section of manual DOC.IOM.BRPE.EN for more detailed information. The schedule for inspection can only be determined based on the severity of your service conditions. Your installation might also be subject to inspection schedules set by applicable governmental codes and regulations, industry standards, company standards, or plant standards. In order to avoid increasing dust explosion risk, periodically clean dust deposits from all equipment. When equipment is installed in a hazardous area location (potentially explosive atmosphere), prevent sparks by proper tool selection and avoiding other types of impact energy. Proper care must be taken to avoid generation of static electricity on the nonconductive external surfaces of the equipment (e.g. rubbing of surfaces, etc.). The actuator's surface temperature is dependent upon process operating conditions. 2.3 Parts Ordering Whenever ordering parts for older products, always specify the type, size and serial number of the product and provide all other pertinent information that you can, such as part material, age of the product, and general service conditions. If you have reconfigured the product since it was originally purchased, include that information with your request. WARNING - USE GENUINE PARTS Use only genuine replacement parts. Components that are not supplied by Emerson Process Management should not, under any circumstances, be used in any BETTIS product. Use of components not supplied by Emerson Process Management may void your warranty, might adversely affect the performance of the product, and could cause personal injury and property damage. 4 November 2015 Safety Guide 3. Bettis M series actuators These safety instructions are limited to Bettis RPE series actuators which are operating using air or inert gas. If the application requires use of a flammable or hazardous gas, you must contact your Emerson Process Management sales office for assistance. 3.1 Installation WARNING - DO NOT EXCEED SPECIFICATIONS To avoid personal injury and property damage caused by bursting of parts and to avoid parts damage, malfunction of control valve, or loss of control of the process caused by excessive pressure, do not exceed the maximum pressures or temperatures for this actuator, as given in the applicable product literature or on the nameplate. Use pressure-limiting or pressure-relieving devices to prevent the actuator pressure from exceeding specified limits. If you cannot determine the limits for this product, contact your Emerson Process Management sales office before proceeding. To avoid personal injury, always wear protective gloves, clothing, and eyewear when performing any installation operations. If hoisting the actuator, use a nylon sling to protect the surfaces. Carefully position the sling to prevent damage to the actuator tubing and any accessories. Also, take care to prevent people from being injured in case the hoist or rigging might slip. Be sure to use adequately sized hoists and chains or slings to handle the assembly. If an actuator/valve assembly should be lifted, it is strongly recommended to connect the nylon lifting slings in such way that the actuator and valve is supported. Check with your process or safety engineer for any additional measures that must be taken to protect against process media. If installing into an existing application, also refer to the WARNING in the Maintenance section. Do not connect a pressure vessel, to the Actuator, with unrestricted media. Do not exceed the MAXIMUM stated operating pressures. Applying pressure directly to the actuator can turn the actuator's shaft / Valve stem. Applying a control signal to the actuator's solenoid can turn the Actuator / Valve assembly. WARNING - MOVING PARTS Stay away from moving parts to prevent serious injuries. When test cycling the actuator and valve assembly by applying pressure to the A or B port, be aware that there are moving parts like pinion top, actuator to valve coupling and the valve blade, -ball, -plug, etc. Isolate the piping system on which an actuator-valve assembly is installed, when removing this assembly, and relieve any media pressure that may be trapped in the valve cavities before removing the actuator for maintenance. 5 November 2015 Safety Guide 3.2 Operation WARNING - MOVING PARTS When rotating the actuator stem or shaft with loading pressure applied, use caution to keep hands and tools out of the actuator travel path. Personal injury and property damage is possible if something is caught between the actuator stem and other control valve assembly parts. 3.2.1 Operating media. 1. Use clean, dry or lubricated air or inert gas. 2. Maximum Operating Pressure (MOP) = 8 barg / 116 psig MOP is the pressure required to produce the maximum rated torque at the break position for all actuators. Pressure should not exceed MOP during valve rotation. MOP should be the maximum pressure regulator setting. WARNING - DO NOT EXCEED SPECIFICATIONS It can be assured that the housing will not rupture or burst when applying 10 bar of pressure but the cycle function cannot be guaranteed as it totally depends on the time span to which actuator is subjected at 10 bar and the frequency at which these pressure peaks occurs. Every time this peak occurs will, for sure, have a significant negative effect on the life expectancy of the actuator. 3. Refer to below table on applications where the spring stroke of spring-return actuators is pneumatically operated. Table 3.1 Maximum pressure on spring stroke of spring-return actuators Spring set Maximum pressure on spring stroke of spring-return actuators N=10 7 barg / 101.5 psig N=20 6 barg / 87.0 psig N=30 5 barg / 72.5 psig N=40 4 barg / 58.0 psig N=50 3 barg / 43.5 psig N=60 2 barg / 29.0 psig 4. Dew point at least 10K below ambient temperature. 5. For subzero applications take appropriate measures. 6. Mentioned pressure levels are "gauge pressures." Gauge pressure is equal to absolute pressure minus atmospheric pressure. 6 November 2015 Safety Guide 3.2.2 Operating Temperature range 1. Using standard seals and greases the operating temperature range is -20°C to + 80°C (-4°F to +176°F) as is indicated on the product label. 2. Other medias and temperatures may be used but consult your local Emerson Process Management sales office for confirmation as to suitability. 3.3 Maintenance Before mounting or (dis) assembling the actuator consult the relevant sections of the installation, operation and maintenance manual for more detailed maintenance information. WARNING Avoid personal injury or property damage from sudden release of process pressure or uncontrolled movement of parts. Before performing any maintenance operations: Always wear protective gloves, clothing, and eyewear. Disconnect any operating lines providing air pressure, electric power, or a control signal to the actuator. Be sure the actuator cannot suddenly open or close the valve. Do not remove the actuator from the valve while the valve is still pressurized. Vent any pneumatic pressure from the actuator and relieve any actuator spring precompression. Use lock-out procedures to be sure that the above measures stay in effect while you work on the equipment. Never apply pressure to a partially assembled actuator unless all pressure-retaining parts have been installed properly. Check with your process or safety engineer for any additional measures that must be taken to protect against process media. Do not remove the Pistons from the Actuator Body by using air pressure when the End Caps have been removed. CAUTION - PRESSURIZED ACTUATOR Do not turn out the travel stops completely when the actuator is pressurized. When adjusting the travel stops and the actuator is still pressurized, the travel stops can be “shot” away when completely turned out. 7 Safety Guide November 2015 CAUTION - SPRING FORCE Spring-return actuators contain springs in a compressed state. Follow these instructions to release the spring force safely. Normally the end caps of spring return actuators should be free of the spring load after 10 full turns (crosswise relaxing) of the end cap screws. If there is still spring load on the end cap, this might indicate a broken spring cartridge. Stop this disassembly procedure immediately. Continuing might cause the end cap to be “shot” away causing serious injury. Refer to Appendix A of manual DOC.IOM.BRPE.EN for instructions to safely remove the spring load before disassembling the end cap from the spring-return actuator. A spring-return actuator mounted on a valve, which is stuck in mid stroke, contains a high spring load which will cause a sudden rotation during disassembly of the actuator versus the valve or valve bracket. This can cause serious injury to personnel or damage to material. Refer to Appendix A of manual DOC.IOM.BRPE.EN for instructions to safely remove the spring load before disassembling the actuator form a valve, which is stuck in mid stroke. 4. Actuator accessories The actuator may be equipped with components for control and/or feedback. Check the instructions of these components for installation, operation and maintenance instructions. 5. Instructions for use in (potential) explosive area’s. 5.1 Intended use The Bettis RPE series pneumatic actuators are intended for use in areas in which explosive atmospheres caused by mixtures of air and gases, vapours, mists or by air/ dusts are likely to occur. Therefore it may be used in classified Zones 1, 2 (Gasses) and/ or 21, 22 (Dust). 5.2 Safety instructions 1. Assembly, disassembly and maintenance, is only allowed at the actuator, when, at the time of the activity, there is not an explosive mixture. 2. Prevent entry of explosive mixtures into the actuator. We suggest utilizing a solenoid with a "breather" function on spring-return actuators when used in potentially explosive atmospheres. 3. This plastic position indicator is approved for use in potentially explosive (Ex) gas group IIB areas. In areas where Ex gas group IIC requirements apply, do not use the plastic position indicator. 4. In order to avoid increasing dust explosion risk, periodically clean dust deposits from all equipment. 8 November 2015 Safety Guide 5. When equipment is installed in a hazardous area location (potentially explosive atmosphere), prevent sparks by proper tool selection and avoiding other types of impact energy. 6. Rack and pinion actuators do not have an inherent ignition source due to electrostatic discharge, but explosion hazard may be present due to the discharge of static electricity from other valve assembly components. —— To avoid personal injury or property damage, make sure that the valve is grounded to the pipeline before placing the valve assembly into service. —— Use and maintain alternate shaft-to-valve body bonding, such as a shaft-tobody bonding strap assembly. 7. Proper care must be taken to avoid generation of static electricity on the nonconductive external surfaces of the equipment (e.g. rubbing of surfaces, etc.). 8. The paint protection must not exceed 200 μm if the actuator is used in a group IIC atmosphere. For group IIA or IIB atmospheres the paint protection must not exceed a thickness of 2 mm (0.08"). 9. Prevent entry of explosive mixtures into the actuator. We suggest utilizing a solenoid with a “breather” function on spring return actuators when used in potentially explosive atmospheres. 5.3 Maximum temperatures WARNING - SURFACE TEMPERATURE The actuators surface temperature is dependent upon process operating conditions. Personal injury or property damage, caused by fire or explosion, can result if the actuator's surface temperature exceeds the acceptable temperature for the hazardous area classification. To avoid an increase of instrumentation and/or accessory surface temperature due to process operating conditions, ensure adequate ventilation, shielding, or insulation of these actuator components installed in a potentially hazardous or explosive atmosphere. Table 5.1 Temperature range for (potential) explosive area’s Temperature Temperature class TX (surface temperature) -20°C(-4°F)…75°C(167°F) T6 T85°C (185°F) -20°C(-4°F)…80°C(176°F) T5 T90°C (194°F) -20°C(-4°F)…90°C(194°F) T5 T100°C (212°F) -20°C(-4°F)…120°C(248°F) T4 T130°C (266°F) -40°C(-40°F)…75°C(167°F) T4 T85°C (185°F) Ambient range Valid for actuator model 0 = Standard Temperature 1 = High Temperature 2 = Low Temperature The specified values are valid with the following conditions: Maximum cycle frequency of the actuator is 1Hz at a maximum of 50 cycles per hour and at maximum load. 9 ROC no 11020 Rev. 1 Legal representative entity for the European Union: Emerson Process Management, Valve Automation Asveldweg 11, 7556 BR Hengelo Netherlands mentioned European Directives. Product Description : • Bettis RPE Series - Pneumatic Actuator Double Acting and Spring Return Actuators • Double acting types: Type: RPED 12, 25, 40, 65, 100, 150, 200, 350 or 600 • Spring Return types: Type: RPES 12, 25, 40, 65, 100, 150, 200, 350 or 600 Product Variations: • Product variations of the above mentioned types are still covered by the listed directives and are CE marked. Serial Number: • EC Declaration of Conformity Issued in accordance with the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) 97/23/EC ATEX Directive 94/9/EC Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) 97/23/EC • For Gas Group 2 (see Safety Guide DOC.SG.BE.1 section "Operating Media") Bettis RPE Series pneumatic actuators are excluded from the requirements of the Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC based on article 1, point 3.6 of the directive. neering to check compatibility of pressure media with the actuator. • The below listed limited range of Bettis RPE Series actuator sizes are rated “Sound-Engineering-Practice” or Module A (Internal production control) and are available on request for use with Gas Group 1 media. • Double acting types: RPED 12, 25, 40, 65, 100, 150, 200, 350 or 600 • Single acting types: RPES 12, 25, 40, 65, 100, 150, 200, 350 or 600 EC Declaration of Incorporation of partly completed machinery Issued in accordance with the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, Appendix IIb Essential requirements applied and complied with: • 1.1.2, 1.1.3, 1.1.5, 1.3.2, 1.3.4, 1.3.7, 1.5.2, 1.5.3, 1.5.4, 1.5.7, 1.6.1, 1.7.1, 1.7.3, 1.7.4. • Technical documentation is drafted in compliance with Appendix VII, section B. • Before the actuator is put into operation, the machine into or onto which the actuator will be installed, must comply with the stipulations of the machinery directive. • The relevant information concerning the machine or part will be available in the event of a motivated request from national authorities. Applicable standards: • EN ISO 12100 : 2010 ATEX Directive 94/9/EC ATEX Marking: • II 2G c IIC TX II 3D c IIIC TX • see Safety Guide: DOC.SG.BE.1 chapter 5, instructions for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. Applicable standards: • EN 13463-1:2009 EN 13463-5:2011 Signed: Name: Position: UK Date: Place: _____________________________ S. Ooi Vice President, Rack & Pinion SBU & Global Marcom Emerson Process Management, Valve Automation Group 2015-09-25 Houston TX, U.S.A. World Area Configuration Centers (WACC) offer sales support, service, inventory and commissioning to our global customers. Choose the WACC or sales office nearest you: NORTH & SOUTH AMERICA MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 19200 Northwest Freeway Houston, TX 77065 T +1 281 477 4100 F +1 281 477 2809 P. O. Box 17033 Dubai United Arab Emirates T +971 4 811 8100 F +971 4 886 5465 Av. 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Emerson Process Management does not assume responsibility for the selection, use or maintenance of any product. Responsibility for proper selection, use and maintenance of any Emerson Process Management product remains solely with the purchaser. ©2015 Emerson Electric Co.
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